Citation
The most surprising adventures, and wonderful life of Robinson Crusoe, of York, mariner

Material Information

Title:
The most surprising adventures, and wonderful life of Robinson Crusoe, of York, mariner Containing a full and particular account how his ship was lost in a storm, and all his companions were drowned, and he only was cast upon the shore by the wreck; and how he lived eight and twenty years in an uninhabited island, on the coast of America, &c. With a true relation how he was at last miraculously preserved by pirates, &c. &c. &c
Uniform Title:
Robinson Crusoe
Creator:
Defoe, Daniel, 1661?-1731
Place of Publication:
Printed at Worcester, Massachusetts
Publisher:
[by Isaiah Thomas] and sold at the Worcester bookstore.
Publication Date:
Language:
English
Physical Description:
144 p. : ill. ; 15 cm. (12mo)

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Castaways -- Juvenile fiction ( lcsh )
Survival after airplane accidents, shipwrecks, etc -- Juvenile fiction ( lcsh )
Shipwrecks -- Juvenile fiction ( lcsh )
Juvenile literature -- 1795 ( rbgenr )
Bldn -- 1795
Genre:
Children's literature ( fast )
fiction ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Massachusetts -- Worcester
Target Audience:
juvenile ( marctarget )

Notes

Citation/Reference:
Evans
Citation/Reference:
Welch, d'A.A. Amer. children's books,
Citation/Reference:
Brigham, C.S. Robinson Crusoe,
General Note:
Ascribed to the press of Isaiah Thomas by Welch.
General Note:
Signatures: A-M⁶ (A1 recto blank).
General Note:
"Farther adventures of Robinson Crusoe."--p. 86-132. "Robinson Crusoe's vision of the angelick world."--p. 133-144.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
This item is presumed to be in the public domain. The University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries respect the intellectual property rights of others and do not claim any copyright interest in this item. Users of this work have responsibility for determining copyright status prior to reusing, publishing or reproducing this item for purposes other than what is allowed by fair use or other copyright exemptions. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions may require permission of the copyright holder. The Smathers Libraries would like to learn more about this item and invite individuals or organizations to contact The Department of Special and Area Studies Collections (special@uflib.ufl.edu) with any additional information they can provide.
Resource Identifier:
025067237 ( ALEPH )

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a
FRONTISPIECE, See page 23.



ROBINSON CRUSOE,
After being caft away was dafhed againit Rocks to which
he neld faft until the wave was abated, and then with great
difficulty reached the Land.



yYHE MOST SURPRISING
A. DAY... ce ha OU Res ES,
AND WONDERFUL

Dey dt Sede ested

OF

/ ROBINSONCRUSOE,

Of Yorxs, MARINER.



SC@nNTAINING

A fulland particular Account how his Ship
was loft in a Storm, and all his Compan-
ions were Drowned, and he only was caft
upon the Shore by the Wreck ; and how he
lived eight and twenty Years in an unin-

habited Ifland, on the Coaft of America, &c.

WiIiTtH

A true Relation how he was at laft miracu+
loufly preferved by Pirates, &c. &c. Ke,

we 3S BSPDIS?? € é Be CBRE —

Printed at G@oveefir, MassacuuszTTs,
And SOLD at the/ WORCESTER) BOOKSTORE.

(1795.







PREFACE,

JN this new abridgment of the wonderful life and
moft furprifing adventures of Rokinfon Crufoe,
4 think myfelf obliged to acguaint the reader,
< That all pofible care has been taken to prefervethe
hiftory entire, to corred Some miflakes in_ former
imprejfions, and to add a contderable number oF
Jatls and material obfervations that have of late cc-
curred, and were never publifked but in this edi-
tion, :

The general fuccefs and the jut applaufe the
work at large has met with, render ti needlefs for
me to fay any thing in its commendation ; nor do
4+ think the weak excepitons that have been made a-
gainft the poMibility of the flory, deferve any ob-
Jervation, What if the whole was (as is fuggejted)
amere fftion ? Yet the defign is fo jufily carried
on, and fo interfperfed with curious objervations
and moral reflettions, that all perfons who have any
zafte for the metaphorical way of writing, muft
allow this a mafterpiece, and I will venture to fay,
the firft and belt of the kind that ever appeared ix
the Englifn language, ;

But as I hope the performance will peak better
2% tts own favour than any body can pretend to do,
4 fhall not trouble the reader, nor myfelf, with ufle-
lefs apologies, or attempt to perfuade any one into
an opinion of a work fo univerfally efteemed.

Let this ubridgement, which is contra&ed into as
narrow a compafs as pofible, be but read over with
that conficeration and Jedatene{s which the nature
of the defign deferves, and then there is no doubt to
be made, but the candid reader will find a fufficient —
return doth for his trouble and expenfe; and
wrk thefe cautions, and upon this prefumption,
J fubmit the following fheets to his perufal, .







4

IKE ave ADVENTURES

é

pace » ae J
vet A ARBR > ge pie
. Ol lang gts

ROBINS@N CRUSOE,

NPP PF O [ I E that pretends to publifh to the world an

account of his own life and ations, is
doubtlefs under the ftrongeft obligations to
confine himfelf within the ftri€teft rules of
modefty and truth: And this, I can affurethe
publick, I moft folemnly determine to do in
the following narration.

I was born at York, in the year 1632, of a
reputable family. My father was a merchant,
born at Bremen ;_ his original name was
Kreutznaer, which for the fake of the Englifh
pronunciation, was afterwards changed into
Crufoe. My mother’s name was Robinfon, a
native of the county ef York; and for that
reafon I was called Robinfon, after her maid-
en name.

i was the youngeft of three brothers. The
eldefi was an officer, and killed in the warsin
the Low Countries ; and the other I could
never learn any thing of. My father intend-
ing me for the law, particular care was taken
of my education: But all the pains and ex-
penfe were to no purpofe; my inclinations
SS re ete As were





7

i
fi





VI +

Ms Pf 3 (chery ae

6 ROBINSON.
Soa) CO oR se

were bent another way, and nothing wouid
ferve my turn, but at all hazards, I mult g6 to
fea. Pe t ae ‘
My father and mother were both violently
againft it, and ufed athoufand arguments to
diffuade me ; butit was all to nopurpofe > My
refolutions were fo firmly fettled, that neither
the intreaties of a moft tender father, nor the
tears of an affe€tionate mother} could make 2-
ny impreffion upon me. a

I was then about nineteen years old, when
mecting with one of my fchoolfellows at Hull,
who was going with his father, who was maf-
ter of a fhip, to London, I acquainted him
with my refolutions, and he readily promifed
me I fhould have a free paflage, and be pro-
vided with all other neceflaries fuitable to the
voyage, Accordingly, without imploring 2
bleffing of my parents, I took fhipping on the
firft of September, 1653.

Our thip was hardly got clear of the Hum-
ber, when we were overtaken by a violent
ftorm ; and, being extremely feafick, I began
to refle& upon my father’s good advice, and
the happinefs of a middle ffate of life which
he propofed to me ; refolving, ifever I fhould
be to happy as to fet my feet again upon dry
land, that I would return to my parents, and
beg their pardon, and bid a final adieu to my
wandering inclinations.

Thefe were my thoughts during the ftorm:
But that was no fooner over, but my good
refolutions decreafed with the danger, particu-
jarly when my companion, coming to me, afk-
ed me if I was not a little frighted by the
ftorm, which as he exprefled it, was only a

cap

t





; See A:
COR Us SS OE q

cap foll~of wind.“ Come boys (fays he)
turn out, fee what fine weather we have now,
and a goed bowl of #unch will drown all
your paft forrews.”

In fhort, the punch was made, and I got
fairly drunk, and then all my former refolu-
tions and notions of returning home vanifhed.
Tremained hotheaded feveral days, until I
was roufed up by an accident, that had very near
put a final end to my wandering refolutions,

Upon the fixth day, we came to an anchor
in Yarmouth road where we lay windbound
with feveral other. vellels from Newcaftle =
but there being fafe anchorage, and cur
fhip being tight, and .our cables good,
the failors defpifed all dangers, and were as
merry in this flation as if they had been on
fhore. But on the eighth day there arofe
fuch a ftrong gale of wind as prevented our
riding up the river, which ftill increafing, our
fhip rode forecaftle in, having fhipped feveral
large feas,

it was not long before a general horror feiz-
edthe feamen; and I heard the mafler cry,
Lord have mercy uponus, we fhal! all be loft!
For my part, I kept my cabin, very fick, till
the dreadful apprehenfions of fudden death
made me come upon deck, and there I waster-
ribly affrighted indeed:

‘The fea went mountains high, and nothing
was to be expe&ted but unavoidable deftruc-
tion. Two of the fhips had already cut their
mails by the board ; two more had loft their
enchors, and were forced out to the mercy of
the tempeil ; and we, to fave our lives, were

forced



oo SS

dae
me

,
f

s ROBINSON ‘.
forced to cut away both our foremaft and
mainmatt,

It is eafy to judge the condition I was in,
who being but a frefh water failor, was in a far
worfe cafe than any of them. Our fhip was
very {trong, but, as I underftood by them, too
heavy laden, which made the failors cry out,
She would founder,

The ftorm continued extremely violent ;
and in the middle of the night I could hear
fome crying out, ‘* That the {hip had fprung a
leak ;” others, “* That there was four feet water
in the hold.” I was ready to give up the ghoft
through fear, when on a fudden all hands
were called to the pump, and I among the
seik.



Whilft we were all in this confufion and |
diftrefs, the mafter happened to efpy fome
light colliers, and fired a gun asa fignal of our
muery. Iwas not then a failor good enough
to know the meaning of the gun ; but I foon
underftood it was a token of ourextreme dan-
ger, andl muft freely own it is impoffible for
meto defcribe the agonies I laboured under.

Happy



C28 |e & 9

Happy it was for ug that in the form they
regarded our fignal, and with a great deal of
hazard put out their long boat, and by won-
derful Providence faved our lives, bat with the
greateft dificuifty ; for we had hardly got into
the boat, but we faw our fhip fink to the bot-
tom, and we had infallibly been every foul
drowned if they had not come in that very
nick of time to our affiftance,

It was not without a great deal of danger
and difficulty that they recovered their own
fhip. However, they made a fhift to land us
at a. place called Cromer, near Winterton
lighthoufe ; from whence we all walked in a
moit miferable drowned condition to. Yar-
mouth, where the good people furnifhed us
with neceffaries cither for London or Hull.

I have often thought fince, that it was very
Strange that after thefe great misfortunes at
fetting out, I did not (like the prodigal) return -
to my father, who having heard. of the fhip’s
misfortune, had all the reafon in the world to
think I waslof. But my. ill fate ftill pufhed
me on in fpite of all the ftrong conviétions of
reafon, conicience and experience.

After three days ftay at Yarmouth, I. met
the young man that invited me to goon board
with his father, 1 found his face and his be-
haviour very much altered ; and I found like-
wife he had told his father who I was, and
that 1 had taken this voyage only fora trial,
in order to proceed farther abroad hereafter.

When theold man faw me, fays he, “ Young
man, you ought never to attempt to go to fez
any more ;. for, depend upon it, you never
will be profperousin a feafaring condition.

You














20. RO) an ae one

You fee what ill fuecefs Heaven has fet before
your eyes ; and perhaps our misfortune may
in fome meafure be owing to you. Pray (add-
edhe) tell me truly upon what motive you
firft undertook this voyage.” Upon this I
told him the whole; at the end of which
he broke out into the following exclamation :

“ Oh, ye eternal powers ! what great offence
have I committed, that I fhould take fuch a
defperate, abandoned wretch into my fhip, that
has brought all thefe miferies and misfortunes
upon me!” After his paffion was a little a-
bated, proceeded—<« Young man, depend upon
it, if you do not return, and fubmit to your
parents, wherever you go, the anger of God
will certainly purfue you, and you will meet
with nothing but ruin and difafter, until your
father’s words are fulfilled upon you.”” And
fo he left me. oe ea

And now again I had fome notion of return-
ing home : But that was quickly overruled by
a foolifh opinion, that if I did, my neighbours
and acquaintance would laugh at me. So
ftrange 1s the nature of youth, that though
they often do foolifh things without cither
fhame or remorfe, yet at the fame time they
are afhamed to own their folly, and repent.

In fhort, I made the beft of my way to Lon-
don, being at all hazards refolved upon a voy-
age ; and being acquainted with tlre captain.
of a fhip, a voyage | foon heard of to the coat
of Guinea. Having fome money, and appear-
ing like a gentleman, I did not go on board
like a common failor, but foon got fo far into
the captain’s favour, that he told me I fhould”
be his meflmate, and fhould have full liberty

te





4

Po Ol EN | ee

ORES @ & at

to carry with me what merchandife I. fhouid
think fit, and te-difpofe of it to my own advan-
tage. : i

4 was wonderfully pleafed with this kind
offer, and concluded that now I had an op-
portunity of making my fortune ; and in or-
der tomy voyage I fent to my friends for
fome money to fit me out ; who accordingly
remitted me forty pounds, which I laid out in
goods according to his direétions. He taught
me to keep a journal, and feveral of the mof
ufeful parts of navigation. And indeed, by
his affiftance and my own induftry, in. this
voyage I became both a failor and a merchant.
Part of this voyage I was exceilively fick of
a_calenture, occafioned by the heat of the cli-
mate, being in the latitude of almoft 15 de-
grees north of the line. However, I recover-
ed, and managed my little ftock fo well, that
T brought over with me five pounds and nine
ounces of gold duft, which produced at Lon-
don near three hundred pounds fterling.

Soon after my return, my good friend the
captain died. Although this was a very great
grief to me, yet I refolved to go another voy-
age with his mate, who had got the command
of the fhip.. This voyage proved a very un-
fuccefsful one. I carried with me about one
hundred pounds, and left the reft with the
captain’s widow, and fo to fea we went. But
as we were failing towards the Canary iflands,
we found we were chafed by a Salee rover,
who in fpite of all the fail we could make, in
a fhort time came up with us; and now there
‘was no remedy but to fight er be taken.

They



.Moor, lis kiniman, and the boy, to catch fith

as (CC ROOOB FR 8 ON





















They had 18 guns, and our fhip but 12.
however, about three in the afternoon, w
came to an engagement. “Many were killed
on both fides ; but at length being overpower-
ed by their numbers, we were forced to fubmit,
and all carried into Salee. Our men wer
fent tothe Emperour’s court to be fold ; bu
the captain of the pirate, taking a particular
liking to me, kept me for his own flave.

It was in this miferable condition that my
father’s words came afrefh into my remem
brance, and my thoughts were contiaually at
work to make my efcape. My patron en-
trafted me with the management of his garden
and houfe; and indeed I was not without
hopes but at fome time or other an opportuni-
ty might offer. The worft of it was, I had
no mortal to communicate my thoughts to ;
and fo for two years, I could find nothing
practicable.

In length of time, I found my patron was
grown fo poor, that he ceuld not ft out hi
fhip as ufual; and then he ufed conftant!
once or twice a week to go out a fifhing, tak-
ing me and a Morifco boy to row the boat;
and fo much pleafed was he with my dexterity
in fifhing, that he would cften fend me with z

for him.
One morning as we were at the [port; there
arofe fo thick a fog that we lof our way, and
rowing all night, when it was light we found
ourfelves at leafl two league in the ocean;
however, we madea fhift to get on fhore
But, to prevent the like misfortune for the fu-
ture, my patron. ordered a carpenter te ae
6 OD ae Littie





cRUSE OE, 13

Uttle fate room in the middle of the long
boat, with a place behind ta fleer, and other
conveniences to keep out the weather.

In this he wouldoftentake us out a fifhing 3
and one time particularly, he invited three or
four perfons of diftinG@ion to go along with
him, and made extraordinary preparations for
their entertainment : Providing alfo three fu-
nees, with a fufficient quantity of powder and
fhot, that they might have fome [port at fowlin«,
as they paffed along the fhore. The next morn-
ing the boat being in readinefs, on a fudden
their minds altered. However, my patron
ordered us to go and catch a dith of fifh ; for
that he was refolved his gueits fhoyld fup with
him. ‘

And now it was that I began to think ofmy
deliverance; and in order to it, I perfuaded
the Moor to, get fome provifions on board,
and alfo fome powder and fhot to fhoot cur-
lews, which were very plenty in thofe parts.
I took care to provide privately whatever elfe
I could think was the moft neceflary for the
prefent expedition, refolving to make my ef-
cape, or perifh in the attempt.

When we were paft the caftle, we fell to
fifhing, and I f{tood farther into the fea; and
when we were got at leaft a league, I gave the
boy the helm, and feized Muley by furprife,
and-threw him overboard: “ Muley (faid Ip-
Z never defigned you any harm, and feek
nothing but my redemption; I know you are
able tofwim to fhore; but if -you offer te
follow me, that very moment I will fhoot you
through the head: Upon which he inflante

B ly



=

_the next day, by three in the afternoon, we






‘4g -ROBINSON

ly turned about, and I make no doubt but he
got fafe to fhore,



This a&ion frighted the poor boy exceed-
ingly ; however, I foon eafed him of his fear,
by telling him “ if he would be a good boy,
and {wear by Mahomet, and the beard of his.
father to ferve me faithfully, I would be very
kind to him.” The poor child feemed won-
derfully pleafed with my promife, and readily
confented ; and from that time I began to
love him entirely.

We purfued our voyage, keeping ftill on
the Barbary coaft; but in the dufk of th
evening, I changed my courfe, fteering direét-
ly S. and by E. that we might always be near
the fhore ; and having a:pleafant gale, 1 found

were 150 miles beyond the dominions of the
emperor of Morocco ; yet ftill 1 was under,
dreadful apprehenfions of being retaken.

i continued failing for five days together,
until I concluded that if any veffel was in pur-
fait ef me, I was got fo far to the Tn

.? that





ews @ «. ig

that they would not think proper to follow
me any farther. .

After all this fatigue, I anchored in the
mouth of a little river ; but where I knew |
not, neither could I fee any people to make
the difcovery. What I chiefly wanted was
frefh water, which I refolved to goon fhore
to find out as foon as it grew dufkifh: But ne
foonerdid it begin to grow dark, but we heard
fuch howlings and yellings of wild beafts and
monfters, that 1 muft needs own was exceed-
ly terrified.

Poor Xury paffionately begged me not te
goon fhore that night. The boy hada great
deal of wit; for which, and fome broken
Englifh which he had learned among the cap-
tives of our nation, I was mightily pleafed
with him. Neverthelefs, the howlings, and
bellowings were fo dreadful that we had but
little reft that night ; and to add to our confu-
fion, we difcovered one of the monfters
making towards us; upon which I took up
one of my guns and fhot at him, whether I hie
him or not, I cannot fay—but be made towards
the fhore, and the noife of my gun increafed
the fupendous noile of other montters,

The next morning I refolved to go on fhore,
and at all hazards get fome frefh water.
The poor boy would “have taken one of the
jars and fetched fome ; but I refufed, tell-.
‘ag him we would both go together and
take the fame fate ; and accordingly we took
our arms, and two jars for water, and away
we went.

I did not go out of fight of the boat for fear
the favages fhould come down the river in

their



SUR eS ee

16 eA Be RS An





their, canoes, and take it away ; but the boy
feeing a vale a little farther, ventured to it,
and returning with precipitation, I thowght
that he was either parfued by the favages or
fome wild beat ; upon which I ran towards
him, refolving to perifh, or preferve him ;
but as he came nearer to me, I faw a creature
hanging at his back, like one of our hares,
but iomething larger, which proved to be good.
and wholefome meat, and what added molt to
eurjoy, the boy affured ms that there was
plenty of freth water in the very creek where
the boat lay. :
In this place I began to eonfider that the.
Canary iflands and Cape de Verd could not
e far of ; but having no inftrument, I knew
not in what latitude we were, or when to
ftand off to fea for them. My hopes were to
meet fome of the Englith trading veffels, that
would confequenily take us in, and relieve us. _
The place I was in was doubtlefs that wild
uninhabited country that lies between the em-
peror of Moerceco’s dominions and the ne-_
groes ; itabounds with wild beafts of all forts,
and the Moors ufe it for hunting. From this _
I thought I fay mount Teneriffe in the Ca-
maries, and triec twice to fteer my courfe that
way, but was as often dren back, and com-
pelled to feek my Fortune along the fhore.
One morning very early we came to an an-
chor at a {mall point, and the tide eginning
to Low, we were preparing te go farther in ;
bat Xury, whofe youthful and penetrating
eyes faw farther than I, defired me to keep
out to fea, or we fhould be devoured, “For i
look yénder, mafter (faid he) and fee dat huge
: menfter






1 wt Pe

Doe OM rw “ye

Bi, sa. ee ee Ok

Cy Rey, S> OWE, 1q

monfter faft afleep on de fide of de hill: He

ointed to the place, and I difcovered a lion
of prodigious fize bafking himfelf under the
fhade of a hill. “ Xury (faid I) you fhall go
on fhore and kill him ;” the boy looked a-
mazed ; “ Me kill him (faid he) he eat me at
one mouth,” meaning mouthful. Upon which
I took my biggeft gun, and charging it well,
fhot at him, and broke one of his legs ; and
then with a fhot from my other gun, I killed
him.



But the fiefh of this creature not being
good for food, I thought this was {pending
our ammunition in vain ; indeed 1 thought the
fkin when it was dry, might be of fome ufe,
and fo determined to flea it off, which took
up awhole day toefe&. -

From thence we went to the fouthward, re~
folving to live fparingly on our provifions,
and go on fhore as feldom as poffible, my de-
fign being to reach Gambia or any other place
about the Cape de Verd, in hopes to meet
fome European fhip ; and if Providence did
Ba got



Ee

28 ROBINS ON

not favourgne in this, my next refolution was
to feek for the iflands, and venture mylelf a-
mong the Negroes ; for without one of thefe, .
I could have no other profpeét but flarving.

As we were failing pretty near the fhore,
we could difcover feveral people upon it,
looking after us, We could perceive they
were blacks, naked and unarmed, al! except
one, who had fomething in his hand like a
flick, which Xury told me was a lance, with
which they could kill at a great diflance, I
was inclinable to have gone on fhore, but Kus
ry cried * No, now? However, 1 drew as
heal te the fhore as I could, and talked to
them by figns, till I made them fenfible I
wanted fomething ; they made figns to me to
flop my boat, whilit two of them ran up into
the country, and in lefs than half an hour
brought me two pieces of dry flefh, and fome
corn, which we kindly accepted ; and to
Prevent any fears, they laid it down, and
went and ftood ata diftance till we had fetch-
ed it on board, and.then came clofe up to us
again,

But while we were returning thanks to
them, being all we could afford, two mighty
creatures came from the mountains in purfuit
of each other ; they pafied the nesroes with
great {wiftnefs,and ju mped dire@ly into the fea,
wantonly {wimming about, as if the water had
put a flop to their fury. At laft one of them
coming nearer to the boat than I defired, I took
one ox my guns and let fy at him and killed
Him,

I cannot exprefs the confternation of the
poor Negroes, upon hearing the report of the

gun; ,





CYARUASS DEAT. * 19

gun; nor their furprife at feeing the creature
flain by it. i mate figns to them to draw it
out of the water by a rope, which they ac-
cordingly did ; and then I perceived it to be
a beautiful leopard, which made me defirous
of the fkin ; and the Negroes being no lefs
defirous of the flefh, I freely gave it them.
As for the other (which was likewile a leop-
ard) it made back to the mountains with
prodigious fwiftnefs. :

The Negroes having furnifhed us with the
befi provifions that the nature of the country
and circumflances would allow, I took my
leave of them 3 andin eleven days fail 1 came
in ight of Cape de Verd, or thoie iflands that
go by thatname ; but could not by any means
reacheither of them. Upon whichI grew ex-
tremely dejefted ; when Xury (with a fort of
terror) cried out, “* Maftro, Maftro, a great
fhip weth a fail!” I foon perceived fhe was
a Portuguele, and, as 1 conjeCtured, bound to
Guinea for Negroes ; upon which I frove all
J could te come up with them; but all my

triving had been in vain, if they had not hap-
pened to efpy, and fhortened their fail to ftop
for me. “

Encouraged by this, I fet up my ancient,
and fired a gun, -both as fignais of diftrefs ;
upon which they kindly lay to, till I came up
with them. It happened there was a Scotch
failor on board, to whom I made my cafe
known ; and then they took me into their
fhip.

You may weil imagine my joy was exceed-
ingly great for this unexpected deliverance :
efpecially when I found the captain ne the





a
i]
1
f
'
|
1



%0 SR OSB TE NMC SE OUN









fhip was very kind and compaffionate to me 3
to whom, in return for his friendfhip, I offer.
ed all I had, which he generoufly refufedy
telling me, his Chriftian charity taught him
better. Thefe effets you have (fays he
will be a means to fupport you when you!
eome to the Brazils, and ‘provide for your
paiiage home to your native country.” And
indeed he aéed with ftri& juftice to me ini
all refpe&s. ; ;
He bought my boat of me, and gave me his
note to pay me eight pieces of eight for i
when we came to the Brazils. He alfo gave
me fixty formy boy Xury, from whom I part
ed with great relu€tance ; however, the boy
being willing, I agreed he fhould be fet at
liberty after ten years fervice. 4
We arrived at the bay of All Saints, afte
22 days fail. The good man would not take
any thing for my peflage. He gave me 20
ducats for the leapard’s fkin, and 40 forthe
lien’s. Every thing he caufed to be delivered ;
and what I would fell he bought. In fhort,
I made 220 pieces of my {mail cargo ; and
With this little tock, I began as it were to en-
ter anew into the world. 9
He recommended me to an koneft planter,
with whom I lived till I had informed myqd
felfin the manner of planting and making
fugar ; and obferving the great advantages of
that bufinefs, I refolved to get the money TE]
had left behind me in England remitted, and]

to buy a plantation, %
In thort, I purchafeda plantation adjoining
to an honeft Portuguefe, born of Englith paw
rents, whom upon all occafions I found a very
. kind













y





GR Us 8 OE, ai

kind and ufeful neighbour. Our ftocks at
firft were both very low ; neverthelefs, by our
induftry and care, in a fhort time we made
confiderable improvements, and began to grow
rich, And now it was 1 repented the lofs
of my dear boy Xury ; having no mortal to
affift me, nor any body to converfe with but
my. neighbour.

Iwas in fome meafure feitled, before the
eaptainthat took me up, left the Brazils. One
day I went to him and:told him what flock I
had left in London, and defired his affifiance
in getting aremittance : To which the good
gentleman readily confented, but would have
me only fend for half, left it fhould mifcarry,
and if it did the reft would fupport me. So
taking letters of procuration from me, he af-
fared me he would ferve me to the utmoft of his
power ; and in truth he kept his word, and
was extremely kind to me on all occafions.

And now my wealth began to increafe a
pace; and in this ftate I might have lived
very happy, if my ambition and roving incli-
mation had not had too great power over me.
I had now lived fome years in the Braails 5
and I not only learnt the language, but con-
trated an acquaintance with feveral of the
moft eminent merchants at St. Salvadore, to
whom relating the manner of my two voyages
to Guinea, and the great advantage of trading
in thofe parts, they gaye fuch earnelt attention
to what I faid, that thrée came one morning,
and told me that they had a mind to fit outa
hip to go to Guinea, and if I would go their
fupereargo, and manage the trade, 1 fhould

have



Be Re BEN SOON

















have an equal fhare, without putting in an
idek:! .
This-I-took to be fo fair a propofal, tha
upon condition they would look after m
plantation in my abfence, I confented to it
and accordingly, a fhip being fitted out, and
all things in readinefs, we fet fail the firft o
September, 1695, ftcering northward upon the
coaft of Africa. But many days we had no
failed, before we were overtaken by a violent
ftorm, which lafted 12 days fucceflively :
When. the weather cleared, we found our
felves 11 degrees in the northern latitude, u
on the coaft of Guinea ; upon which the cap
tain gave reafons for returning, which I op
pofed, counfelling him rather to ftand awa
for Barbadoes, where I judged we might ar
rive in fifteen days. So altering our courf
we fteered weftward, in order to reach th
Leeward Iflands ; and here it was we were o
vertaken by a terrible tempeft. co
In this great diftrefs, one of our men cried
out, Land! Jand !’” When, looking ou
that very moment, we found our fhip wa
ftruck upon the fand, and expe&ted we fhould
tink, and that we fhould be all immediately:
loft. Weknew not where we were driven, an
what was worfe, were certain the fhip could
not hold out many moment’s longer.
Whilft we were looking upon one another,
expecting death every moment, the mate, affift
ed by the crew, hauled out the long boat, an
eleven of us committed ourfelves to the fury of
the fea, and God’s mercy. We foon found tha
this laft effort was to no purpofe ; for the tem-
eff was fo violent, andthe fea ran fo very high
. that



6 RW Bes & 23

that it was impofhble for the boat tolive. When
we had been driven about a league, came a
rodigious wave aftern, and overfet:us im aa
infant, fo that we had hardly timeto call upon
“God to receive our fouls,
. When men are ftruggling with the pangs of
death, they are commonly infenfible : But the
cafe was guite different with me; for while f
wes overwhelmed with the water, I had the
moft dreadful apprehenfions, and the joys of
heaven and the torments of hell were alternate-
ly in‘my thoughts, and yet ftill I kept firiving
on, while all my companions were lofi, till the
wave-had {pent itfelf, and, retiring, had thrown
me upon the fhore, half dead with the great
quantity .of water I had taken in during my
itruggling ; however, I got upon my feet as fait
as I could, left another wave fhould carry me
back : But notwithftanding I made all the fpeed
I could, yet another wave came, which dafhed
me againft'a piece of a rock in fuch a furious
manner that it made me fenfelefs: However
{recovering a little before the return of the next
wave, which’ would doubtlefs have carried me
off) I held faft hold of the rock tillthe fucceed-
ing wave abated, anc then I made fhift to reach
the main. land ; where, tired and almoit fpent,
I fat down contemplating the manner of my
prefent prefervation. 5
After I had returned my thanks to almighty
God for this wonderful prefervation, I beganto
look about me, to confider what. place 1 was in,
and what was next to’ be done in order to ny
future fubfiftence. I could neither fee houfe
nor people ; wet and hungry, and nothing. to-
help me, not fo muchas a weapon to defend me
again





‘water, which 1 luckily happened upon; {o, tak.

“in hopes to get fomething from thence for my

free and dry; and 1 found the provificns 7

29 .UC«CiéRC BOWS oR







againit the wild beafts. In fhort,P had nothi g
in the world but a knife, a fhort tobacco pipe,
and:a box half full of tobacco ; and what wa
worfe, night coming on, I was under very grea
apprehenfions of being devoured by wild beat
that I heard howling and roaring round abou
ame 3 fo that [had no profpe& but to expe an
other kind of death more terrible than that
had {fo lately efcaped. In this diftrefs, I walked
about a furlong into the country to feek fret,

ing to a tree, I feated myfelf fo that | could not
fall, and there I flept till morning.

It was day light before I left my apartment ig
the treg; when, coming down, and looking
round, I perceived that the tempei{t was ceafed,
and that the fhip was driven to the rock where
Tefcaped ; and looking further, I faw the fhip’
boat lying about a mile to the right, where the
waves had caft her up.

I hoped to have got tothe boat ; but the wa
ter between that and the fhore rendered thatim
prafticable. Sol turued again towzrds the fhip

prefent fubfiftence,

At all hazards [ refolved to get to the fhip ;
and fo, fripping, leaped into the water, an¢
fwimming round her, I had the goad fortune te
e{py a rope hanging fo low down that I coulé
reach it: By the help of Which, with fome dif
ficuity, I got into the forecaitie. Here i found
that the fhip was bulged, her head lifted
againfta bank, and her ftern almoft in the wa,
ter; all her quarter, and what was there, wer

goad ©





CYR FS, ED Tag

good order, and wanted nothing but a boat to
carry what [had occafion for.

’ Neceflity, which is the mother of invention,
put a project into my head. There were on
poard feveral {pare yards; a {pare topmait or
two, and three large {pars of wood. Withthefe
I fell to work, flinging as many of them over-
board as I could manage, and tied them to-
gether that they might not drive away. When
this was done, I tied them together in form of a
raft, and laid three or four fhort pieces of plask
on them crofiways. I found it would bear me,
put very little weight befides ; and fo, to
ftrengthen my raft, L cuta topmaft into three
or four lengths, and added them to it; and
then I confidered what wes moft proper to load
it with, it being then capable of carrying a tol-
eraable weight.















































































































ef



2§ RGB Ns Ox

At fir, I laid upon it all the boards I could
get, and then I lowered down three of the fea-.
men’s chefts, and filled them with provifions of
ail forts, I found clothes enough; but then F.
took no more. than my prefent occafion res”
guired,

My concern was chiefly upon tools to work
with, and fire arms and amtaunition 3 and ac-
cordingly I found in my fearch, the carpenter’s
cheft, and in the great cabin fome fre arms and
ammunaitioa, all which I put on board hy
raft ; and fo, with two broken oars, &c. I put
to fea; ‘

Though every thing at frft feemed to favour
my defign, yet after I had failed about a mile, £
found ona fudden the forepart of my raft run
aground, fo that it was with the greateit diffi-
culty imaginable I kept my cargo tight togeth«
€r; and indeed if I had not been extremely dil.
igent and careful, all had been loft and funk iné

_to the fea: But after fome time, Providence fo

ordered it, that at the rifing of the water my
raft floated again, and fo I happily ianded my

. effes.

Not far from the place where I landed, which
was at the mouth of a little cave, I difcovered a
very high hill, furrcunded with a great many
litle ones , and thither refolved ta go and

- view the country, and fee what placé was prop-

ér for me to fix my habitation in ; and accord:
ingly, arming myfelf with a fowling piece, a
piftol aud fome ammunition, I afcended the
mountains, and there found I was in an ifl-
and, being furrounded by the fea, It feemedta
be a barren uncultivated country, and only in-
habited by wild beafts,
ae Returning



Prete.

. —— se Se

st YY 8.



€ RUS 6 £. 27

Returning afterwards to my raft, I got my

soods on fhore; and being very much afraid of
the wild beafts, I made a fort of fence or barri-
cade about it, which I thought might in fome
mieafure fecure me againft the dangers 1 was
apprehenfive of ; and fo that night I flept very
comfortably, and the next morning when I
awaked, I refolved to go again to the fhip to get
fuch other necefleries inas 1 had moft ccca-
fion for, before another ftorm came, when I
knew fhe muft be dafhed to pieces.
* In order to this fecond expedition, I mended
my raft where I found it defeétive, and brought
away from the fhip a great many other tools,
clothes, ammunition, and whatever elfe I
thought moft neceflary for my future preferva-
tion and fubfiftence. Then 1 made hafte to
fhore, fearing the wild beafts might come and
devour what [ had already landed.

When I had landed all the fecond cargo, I
fell immediately to work to make me a little
tent, and fortified it in the beft manner I could,
to fecure myfelf as much as pofitble againit any
fudden attempt either from man or beaft. Af-
ter this, I charged my fire arms, blocked up the
doors, and laid the bed I had brought from the
ship upon the ground, and flept as comfortably
as though I had been in my native country.

®

But {till the thoughts of my future fubfiftence -

and prefervation were uppermoft in my mind ;
and therefore I went tothe fhip as often as po!
fible, and brought away every thing I thought
could be of any ufe ; and indeed had fo ftored
myfelf, that I judged I was tolerably provided
for for a confiderable time,

p i



28 OB OG BU MS ON

I had now been eleven days in the ifland, an
as many times on board the fhip ; as I was go-
ing the twelfth time, the wind began te rife ;
however, I ventured at low water, and with
fome difficulty reached the fhip, and rummag-
ing the cabins I found feveral other neceflaries,
and among other things above g6l. fterling in.
pieces of e ght ; which, confidering my prefent
circumftances, I concluded was of {mall value
to me ; however, I wrapped it up in a canvas
rag; and perceiving the {torm began to increafe, -
with all that I was able to carry with me I
made the be{t of my way to the fhore.

That aight I flept very contentedly in my lit-
tle fortificatien ; but when I looked out in the
morning, I found that the fhip waslof. Iwas
very much concerned at this circumitance 3
but when I refleéted I had done every thing in
my power to recover what was ufeful to me, E
comforted myfelf in the beft manner I could,
and fubmitted myfelf entirely to the will of
Providence,

And now my thoughts were wholly taken up
how tojdefend and preferve myfelf from the —
favages and wild beafts, which I was extreme-
ly apprehenfive might be in fome part or other
of this ifland; and at one time I thought to
dig me a cave, at another to build mea tent ;
at length 1 refolved todo both, and accordingly
contrived in the following manner.

I eonfidered the ground where I was, was
moorifh, and that I had no conveniences for
frefh water ; and therefore I determined to find
a place more healthfuland convenient ; and, to
my great comfort and fatisfa€tion, I foon found
one that anfwered my expe@ation,

The





7h ow ek et ee

we

ene Em we 7 A

mw @

See FN SP ee ee aes



GRO ASAD 4B, 2g

The place was a little plain near a rifing hill ;
the front being as fleep as the fide of a houfe.
On the fide of this rock was a little hollow
piece, refembling the entrance of a cave; juit
before this place I refolved my tent fhould
fRland, This plain was a hundred yards broad,
and twiee as long, with a pleafant defcent ev-
ery way to the feafide. After this I drew-a
femicircle, containing about ten yards in the di-
ameter ; and when that was done I dreve a
row of ftakes not above fix inches from each
other ; and by the help of my cables which I
had biought from the fhip, and fuch other ma=
terials as | made ufe of, | made a fort of regu-
lar fortificatioa, which I concluded: was in a
great meafure impregnable againft any fudden
attempts either of favages or wild beafts ; and,
for my better fecurity, 1 would have no doors,
but came in by the help of a ladder, which 3
made for that purpofe.

Into this little garrifon I carried all my fore
and ammunition, and afterwards continued to
work. I not only made mea little cellar, but
likewife made my. fortification fironger by the
earth and ftones I dug cut of the rock. One
day a fhower of rain falling, attended with
thunder and lightning, I was under terrible ap-
prehenfions left my powder fhould take fire,
and not only hinder me from kiiling fowls,
which were neceflary for my fubfiftence, but
likewife blow me up and my garaifon at once ;
the quantity I had by me confifted of 1501b.

weight at leaft. Having thus eftablifhed my-
felf asa king of the ifland, I went every day
with my gun to fee what I could kill that was
iit to eat, and foon perceived there were great
aa C2 Sele numbers

Â¥








30 ROBIN SON

numbers of goats, but they were fhy ; however
watching them very narrowly, I happened to
fhoot a fhe goat as fhe was fuckling her youn
one 3; which, not thinking her dam killed, fol-
_ lowed me home to my enclofure. I lifted the
kid over the pales, and would willingly have
kept it alive, but the poor creature refufing to
eat, I was forced to kill it for my fubfiftence,

Thus, entering into as odd a {tate of life as
ever befel an unfortunate man, I was continu~
ally reflecting upon the mifery of my condition ;
till at length confidering there was no remedy, |
and that 1 was obliged to make the beft of a
bad market, and withal refle@ting upon the
many turns of Providence in my particular pref-
ervation, I grew more fedate and temperate.

It was, by the account | kept, the goth of
September when I firft landed on this ifland,
‘About twelve days after, fearing I fhould_ lofe
my teckoning of time, nay even forget the Sab-
bath, for want of pea, ink and paper, I carved
it with a knife upon a large poft, in large let-
ters, fetting it up in the fimilitude of a crofs on
the fhoze where I landed, viz, “1 cameto fhore,
September 30, 1650.” Every day Icuta netch —
on the fides of this {quare poft, and that for the
Sabbath was as long again as the reft, and ev-
ery firft day of the month | kept my calendar,
in weekly, monthly and yearly reckoning of
time. But had | made more ftri& fearch (as I
afterwards did) I need not have fet up this
mark ; for I found among the parcels belong-
ing to the gunner, carpenter, and captain’s mate,
thofe very things I wanted, where I got not
only pens and ink, but likewife fea compafles,
and other mathematicalinftruments ; and, st q

a



’ Oe. Lah eo se » wm & 4a ©

ee a Reg

eed aa,



De ie ee i ak ee geal See Bs
- a is *

CAR LUHS \ OG. 32

all the reft, three Englifh Bibles, with feveral
other good Engtifh books, which I carefully
Jaid up, in order to make ufe of them at proper
intervals. But here I cannot but call to mind
our having a dog and two cats on board, whom
J] made inhabitants with me in my caftle. But,
notwithitanding I was thus plentifully fupplied,
] {till wanted feveral other neceflaries, as
needies and thread, and more particularly a

ickaxe and fhovel for removing the earth, &c,

It was a full year before | had Snifhed my
little fortification: And after 1 had done that -
in the beft manner the nature of the place and
my circumftances would allow, I began to grow
g little more familiar with my folitude, and to
confider of the best methods poffible to render
my defolate ftate as ealy as could. And here
it was 1 began the following journal,

922 LS RE

TO. 0 RN AL

EPTEMBER go, 1650, 1 was forced by
fhipwreck upon this defolate ifland, which

l called the Ifland of Defpair. The next day
I {pent in refle€ting on the miferablenefs of my
condition, which prefented to me nothing but
death, and the wortt of deaths too, viz. either
to be ftarved for want of viftuals, or to be de~

youred by wild beafts,
a ee O&obsz



ji

de BO Br nes own SN






















Oftober 1. To my great comfort I difcoy
ered the fhip driven to the fhore, from whene
I had fome bopes that when the fiorm wasa
bated I might recover fomething towards °
prefent fubfiftence ; efpecially confidering
obferved the fhip to lie in a great meafure up
right, and ons fide of her perfeétly dry ; upor
which I fell immediately to wading over th
fands, and with great difficulty and danger:

ot on board. Tothe 14th of this month,
ee in making voyages backwards and fo
wards to and from the fhip, the weather bein)
all the while very wet and uncertain.

O&. 20. My raft with my goods was over
fet ; moft of which however i recovered @
low: water,

" O&<. 25. It blew a fort of 4 florm, and raig
ed hard, ‘fo that the fhip dafhed to pieces, ant
nothing of her wasto be feen but the ver
hhuil at low water; and this dav I. though
it proper to fecure the efieGts I had preferva@
from i _weather.

O&. 2 I wandered about to try if I couly
Snda olnes proper to fix my abode ; and @
cordingly towards the evening, 1 found out
rock, where I judged I] might ere& a wall az
fortify myfelf,

November 1, I placed my tent by the fid
of arock, and took up my lodging i in a han
mock, very contentedly, for that night.

Nov. 2. I made a fence about my tent
timber, cheits and boards, 1

Nov. g: I fhot two wild fowls, which pro
ed very good meat ; and the afierncon i mad
me @ fort of a table. j

: Nove



CR, DoS Oe 33




















Nov. 4. I began to live regularly. Inthe
norniag | walked cut for an hour or two, and
aah. fterwards worked till about two, then ate my
dinner of fuch provifions as Lhad. After din-
ner I commonly flept an hour or two; andthe
Myeather being extremely hot, I could not go
o work till towards the evening.

AG Nov. 5. Lwent out with my gun and the
TMiog I had brought out of the fhip. I fhot a

ild cat----but her flefh was good for noth-
ng—only I preferved her fkin. I faw a great
Bock of wild birds ; and was wonderfully ter-
ified at the fight of fome monftrous feals
hich I faw on the fand, but as they faw ms
hey madecff to fea.

Nov. 9. I finifhed my table. From the 7th
o the 12th, the weather being fair, 1 worked
ery hard: Qnly I refted upon the 11th—
hich according to my computation, I teok
o be Sunday.

Nov. 19. The weather was very wet and
@ormy, with thundey and lightning. On the
ie 4th, 1 made provifion to fecare my powder—
which I perfe€ted on the 14th andigth. The
7th, I began to dig upon the rock, but was
M@revented for want of proper implements +
And on the 48th I found a tree, the wood of
which was very hard—and out of that with the
preate{t difficulty I made me a fort of {fpade—
n doing it, 1 almoft f{poiled my axe, which
might have been of ill confequence.

Nov. 29., When I had got my tools into
the beft order I could, I fpent all my time to
he 10th of December in finifhing my cave 5
and lay in my tent every night, unlefs the
peather was fo wet that 1 could mot lie dry---



ee

them, j




















2 «6B ORIN S ON

and withal I had fo well thatched it over wit
dlags and the leaves of trees, &c. that I thougl
myfelf tolerably fecure.

Dec. 10. I bad no fooner finifhed my ha
3tation, but a great part of the roof fell in ul
on me, and it was a great mercy I had
perifhed in the ruins : And indeed it gave
4 great deal of trouble before I repaired it €
feftually—and after I had done what I coult
I fpent feveral days in putting my things 4
order—and had variety of weather to the 27t

Dec. 27. In my rounds I chanced to me
Fome goats. I fhot one of them, and lam
another, which I led home, and bound up 1
feg—in a little time it grew well, and was 4
tame and familiar that it followed me eve
where like a dog, which put the notion ig
my head to bring up thefe wild creatures as a
ten as I could take them alive, that I mig]
have ftock to fubift uponin cafe I fhould |i
after my powder was exhautted. i

Dec. 28, 29, 30. The weather was fo ve
hot, that I was forced to keep within a
shelter. : 4

January 1. Though the weather continue
very fultry, yet neceflity compelled me to
abroad with my gun. In the valleys I fo
great numbers of goais ; but they were fo ve
fhy, I could by no means come at one



From Jan. 3, to the 1gth, my bufinefs
to fearch the ifland, and to finifh my wall.
my fearch I found great sumbers of fow
much like our Englifh pigeons. I fhet for
of them, which proved excellent feod. 7

, no



CR US O £; 35


















sow it was a providential thing happened——
which was this ;
@ Whilit I was rummaging my moveables, whar
Bhhould fall into my hands but a bag, which I
uppofe might be. made ufe of to hold corn for
he fowls in the fhip. 1 purpofed té make ule
of it to hold fome of the powder, and fo fhook
Mut the duft and loofe corn upon one fide of
he rock, not in the leaf fufpeéting the confe-
muence. Lhe rain had fallen in great quanti-
ics a few days before: And the month after,
o my great furprife, I difcovered fomething
S@pring up very green and flourifhing ; and as I
Same daily to. view it, I faw feveral ears of
reen barley of the very fame fize and thape
bf thofe in England: i
My thoughts were very much confufed at
his unexpected fight : And I muftown I had
e vanity to imagine that Providence had or-
‘Gmiercd this on purpofe for my fubfiflence:
reat were my acknowledgments and thank-
lulnefs to almighty God, for his mercies to me
this defolate place ; which wete infinitely
eightened, when, at the fame time, I obferv.
id fome rice ftalks, wonderfully green and
i@Mourifhing ; which made me conclude here
uft confequently be more corn in the ifland ;
daccordingly I {pent feveral days in fearching
Slr it ; when at length it cdme into my mind
pat 1 had fhaken the bag on the very {pot
phere thofe blades of corn were growing. . :
It was about the latter end of June before
Abele ears of corn grew ripe; and then J laid
wapem up exceeding carefully, expecting I fhould
fine day reap the advantage of this little crop-—
hich L ufed all my imduftry to improve ; and
yet



—























6 ROBINS ON

yet it was four years before I could eat any bag
ley bread, and much longer before 1 had am
benefit from myrice. After this, with indefat
igable care and induftry, 1 finifhed my. wall
ordering it fo that I had ne way to go into m
fortrefs but by a ladder.
April 16. 1 finifhed my ladder, and wer
up it, and pulled it after me, as I always did
and, in truth had fo well fortified mylelf, th
I was asl thought, indifferently well fecure
‘againft any furprife ; neverthelefs as 1 was on
day fitting in my cave, there happened fuc
a fudden earthquake, that the roof of my litt
fortrefs, that I had finished with fo much labot
came tumbling down upon my head ; ufo
which, with the greate amazement, Tran t
my ladder, and got out of my cave, and fa
ihe top of a vat rock fall into the fea, an
expected every moment the whole ifland woul
be fwallowed up.

In this affright I remained for fome momen
aill 1 perceived the fury of the motion began
abate ; but it wag not long before I was und
new apprehenfions, on account ofa violent ter
peft that attended jt, This dreadful form co
tinued for about three hours, and thea follows
fuch a heavy rain, that my tent was quite ove
flowed ; upon which I concluded my habitati
awas ill fituated, and determined, as foon as ne
fible, to build me one in a more conyenl

lace.

April 29,30, were fpent in contriving ho
and in what manner, I fhould fix my new aba
and here 1 was under the greateft conce
‘having no tools fitting forfuch an undertaki

rm = however,





GAC AD 37

i

however, I fpent feveral days in whetting and
grin dee my tocls,

May 1. As I ‘was walking along the fea
fide, 1 found a barrel of gun powder and di-
vers other pieces of the thiv, whica the vio-
jJence of the late form had thrown on the
fand. I faw likewife the remaining part of
the fhip, thrown'by the tempeft,; very near
the fhore, and refolved to get to her as fcon as
I could ; but at that time L found it imprac-
ticable.

I continued to work upon the wreck till the

gath, and evary ‘day recovered feee thie that
would be of ufeto me, and got together fo ma«

ny planks, and fo Satie iron, léad and other
neceflaries , that, if | bad had tools and fh.il, I
might have built me a boat ; which was a
thing I very much wanted,

June 16, As J was itrolling towards the fea,
found a large turtle: Theizth 1 ipent im
cooking it: I foundin her 7o eggs, and the
ficth the mof delicious meat that ever I tafted.
Thez&th, I ftayed within the whole day, there
“being a caudal rain, with fiorms of wind
and lightning, ‘

From the 1gtht9 the a7th of June, I was
-very fick, and had gota terrible ague, which
often held me fur nine orten hours with ex.
treme viovence. On tne i8th, ‘I began to re-
cover a little, but’ was very —- in the
night, and was worfe; as often as | laid my
eyes together, | was tormented with! hideous
dreams and dreadful apraritions. Itis impof-
fible for me to exprefs the ezonies 1 was under
by thele repeated admonitions, as 1 took them
to be, My father’s advice and reproof came
B ‘ into



gs ROBINSON





















into my mind, whether I would or not, a
Shocked me exceedingly, and would often
make me refle@ that the juftice of God follow-
ed me, and that fevere punifhment was juft
ly owing to my difobedience and wicked life.

June 28. I flept pretty well moft part o
the night, which refrefhed me very much :
In the morning I ate a bifevit and drank fome
water mixed with rum; I boiled. a piece of
goat’s fléth for my dinner, but ate very little,
and at night J fupped upon three of my tur
tle’s eggs; after fupper I attempted to walk
out with my gun, but found myfelf too weak
and fo returned to my habitation.

Here confcience flew in my face, reprehend
ing me as a blafphemer and a reprobate 3
for faying in my agonies, “ What have
done to be diftinguifhed in all this fcene of
mifery.”—Methought I heard a voice anfwer-
ing me, “ Ungrateful wretch ! Dare you afk
what you have done ? Look upon your paf
Bife, and then afk thyfelf, why thou waft no
drowned in Yarmouth road, or killed by th
Sailee Rovers ? Why not devoured by wile
beafts in the defarts of Africa, or drowned
dere with the reft of thy companions ?”

Struck dumb by thefe fevere reflections, and,
fearing the return of my ague, I began a
Tength to confider what was moft proper to b
done, to free myfelf from this diftemper ; and,
having heard that the Brazilians ufe tobacco
for moft of their difeafes, I refolved to try thi
experiment, A

I tried feveral ways with the tobacco: Fir!
*Â¥ took a leaf and chewed it, which made m
_ very ick, and almoft ftupified me ; then I eg

f e





CO Ry Dy Ss OL ES | 39.

ed it in rum, refolving to take a good dofe of
it when I went to bed, and then 1 put fome
into a pan and burntit, holding my nofe over
the {moke as long as | could endureit without
fuffocating. After thefe feveral operations I
fell into a fweat and flept quietly aad well for
thirteen or fourteen hours ; and when I got
upinthe morming I found my fpirits revived;
my ftomach much better, and I grew exceed-
ingly hungry, which I had not keen for fome
time paft: In fhort, I miffed my fit the next
day, and found that I every day grew ftronger
and better, ;

The goth I ventured out with my gun, and
killed a fowl not much unlike a brandgoofe,
but did not eat of the flefh, choofing rather to
dine upon two or three more of my turtle’s
eggse In the evening I renewed my medi-
cine : Notwithftanding which, | had a little
{pice of my fit the next day ; and therefore, on
the ed of July, I took my medicine as I did at
firft; and on the 14th, which was the day I
expected the return of my fit, the ague left
me, which was no {mall joy to me; and inde
the goodnefs of Gad on this occafion, affe&
me fo feniibly that I fell on my knees and re-
turned thanksina moft devout and folemnman-
ner.

July 4. I walked out with my gun: But my
diftemper having reduced me very low, I could
go but a little way at a time ; for, the experi-
ment having weakened me exceedingly, I was a-
ble to walk but a very fhort way at once. £
had now been on the ifland about ten months-—
and all the while had not feen either man or
woman,






















de R- Oy BY LE NYSE OLN



woman. And fo, growing better, I begah tel
thnk myfelf fole monarch of the ifle ; and,
grow ng indifferently well, I refolved, to take
@ tour aoout the »flé, in order to. view the ex=
tent of my domimons, and to make what dife
coveries | could.

Onthe 15th I began my journey 3 and a.
mong. other things, 1 found a litle brook Gf
running wat¢r; on the banks of which were
many meadqws covered with grafs: 1 faw
feveral faiks of tobacco, ard other plants
knew nothing of 3 among the reft 1 found fome
fugar canes, feveral plants of aloe wands, &e
Wath thefe difcoveries I returned weli fa!i &cd
to my little cafile, and flept that night Very
comfortably. ;

The next, day, »going the fame way, ahd far-
ther than before, | found the country fall of
wood, and exceedingly pleafant and delightful.
The melons lay upenthe ground in great quan
tities, and clufters of grapes hang uponthe trees
You may imagine I was glac of this difcoverys
yet ate very fparingly, left I fhould throw my:
felf inte a flux or fever.

The night coming on, I climbed up inte 4
tree, and having fixed myfelf as fecurely a
pofible, flept very comfortably, though it waa
ibe firfitime 1 had ever lain out of my habita
tion, - When the morning came}: 1 proceeded
with the greateft pleefure about four miles fart
ther; and atthe end of a valley, I found
{pring of excellent water; and now I refolvee
to lay in as much of the fruit as poffible.

"July 18. Having prepared two bags, I re

turned thither agaim, in order to bring hom
r to





¢

SR soe ir

to my caftle as much of the feveral forts of
fruits as I could, that I might havea fteck by
me againit I fhould want it. And now I be-
an to refle& that this part of the ifland was
infinitely the beft to inhabit in; but then I
thought at the fame time, that if I removed
from my prefent place of abode I fhould lofe
the profpett of the fea ; and fo, if Providence
fhould order a fhip on that coaft, I fhould lefe
all poflibility of deliverance. However, the
lace was fo delightful, I refolved to build me
a kind of bower, which took me up the re-
mainder of fuly. :

Here it was that I dried my grapes, which
J 2 erwards carried to my old habitation, for
a winter fupply. On the,14th of Auguft
the rain began to fall with great violence,
which meade me judge it was proper to re.
tires to my caftle for fhelter. The rain coen-
tinued to fall, more or iefs, till the middle cf
Ofober, and fometimes with that violence,
that for feveral days 1 could not ftir out of
my cave, till 1 was conftrained to it by the
pure want of food. I went out twice; the
firft time I fhot a goat, and the fecond time
I found another turtle, as large as the form-
er.

September go. Caititg up the notches
on the poft which amounted to 965, I con-
cluded this to be the anniverfary of my land-
ing. And, after I had returned thanks for
my wonderful ‘prefervation in this defolate
ifland I went to bed and flept very comforta-
ably. ;

Before I proceed farther in my Journal, I
mutt take the Uberty to put the reader im
2 mind

2







ie = R Oe BLT, WS, OF 'N













mind of the barley and rice: I had faved a
bout thirty fkaiks of the former and twenty
of the lattet ; and cone nine the feafon t
be OPED rE dug up fome ground with voy
wooden fpade, and ee hes sy weich at. thi

ations,

The wet weather was no fooner gone, b
my inclination led me again to the bower q
had built en the other fide of the ifland
which I fownd whole and entire as I had Iecf
it, and the fiakes all growing much after thi
mature of our willows, which in time ma
mea noble fence, as.) fhall have occafion t
obferve more particularly hereafter.

And now [ conceived that the feafons o
the year might bé divided into wet and dr
and not into Summer and Wintez, as ia Eu
rope; as thus:

February

Half 2 March wet, the Sun coming nea
t Aoril the Equinox,
April
‘ May
Half. June dry, the Sun getting fonth
July of the line,
Auguft
peer
Half- Sept. wet, the Sun being com
O€tober back. Z
O€ober
veo tae g :
Hal {4 December [dry, the Sua running fouth
a anuary 1 of the line, j
say

And as the a cont tinned to blow, th
y wet

os





€°Ree Ss Ook. 43

wet fesfons would continue either longer or
fhorter. After | had made thefe and the like
obfervations, 1 always took care to provide
neceflaries, that | might flay within during the
wetoels of the weather, and in that time I
took care to make me fuch tools as 1 moft
wanted.

The firft thing I] attempted was to make
me a Dafket, which afer much labour and
dificulty, TL effeGed ;- bat. the two things
molt wanted were utterly cout of my power,
viz. fome cafks to hold my liquors, and {mall
pots to bo:iland flew my meat, and alio a to-
baceo pipe, for which 1 at laf found cut a
remocag

i fter the igedevet grew fair my farther refo-
lution of viewing the whole ifland took 7 place ;
accordingly, taking my dog and my gun, and
other neceflaries proper, I fet forward 3 and
‘having petled the vale where my bower food,
Tcame within fight of the fea ly ying to the Ww.
and when it was clear day, I ccula diicover
jand, but could not tell whether it was an i-
fland or a continent ; neither could I te what
place this might bee only | thought it was in
America, and eonfequently that part of the
country that lies between the Spanifh territo-
ries and the Brazils, which abound wit can-
nibals, “whe devour human kind. In Viewing
this part of the ifland, 1 found it was much
more pleafant and frnithal than where I had
pitched my tent. Here were great numbers of
parrots, and with great difficulty I got one of
them which | carried home with me, but it was
a great while before 1 could tame it and bring
it to fpeak, even fo much as to call me by i
n



a4 ROBINSOWN






In the low grounds I found great numbe:
of goats, foxes, hares, and abundance of fowls
different kinds, with great quantities of grap
and other excellent fruits: In this expediti
I did not travel above two miles a day, bei
defirous to make what difcoveries I coulc
‘When I came to the fea fhore, 1 was amaz
to fee it exceedingly beautiful, and fo full o
excellent fifh. But though this journey was fi
delightful to me yet my fecret iaclination le
me to my old habitation ; fo, after I had fet u
a fort of land mark for my guide for the futur
I concluded to return back by a different wa













fees

Sy)
Ee

Ye eee





EQRE OWS \ OSE; 45
than I came; and as] was making the beft of
my way, my dog happened to furprife a kid,
which I refcued from him, and led it to my bow-
er, in order to try if I could raifea breed which
would be of great ufe to ms.

After I had been about a month upon this ex-
edition I returned to my little cafile, and re-
ofed myfelf with great pleafure in my ham-
mock. and continued a weck within to reft and
yefreth myfelf. 9

And now I began to think of the kid I had~
left in the bower, and refolved immediately
to fetch it home. When I arrived there I
found italmof flarved ; when feeding it with
branches of fuch fhrubs asI could find, tne poor
creature in gratitude for its deliverance, follow-
ed meas naturally as my dog. quitehome to my
caftie, which | afterwards kept as one of my
domeft'cks.

The wet feafon being come, I kept myfelf
within; and on the goth of September, being
the third year cf my abode in this ifland, I paid
my folemn acknowledgments to Almighty
God for-my prefervation, and entertained my-
felf with a world of reflc@ions upon my prefent
and former conditions; and as 1 was.one morn-
ing fadly pondering upon my prefent flate, I
happened to open my bible, when I fixed my
eyes on thefe words, J wel! never leave thee, nor
forfake thee; which J prefently tock as dire&ted
to myfelf; and 1 muft own, the exprefiion gave
me a great deal of fecret fatisfaGion.

The beginning of this year Ifixed my daily
employments as follow: The morning I fpent
in my devotions, and paying my duty to God;
2 after





46° R O B I.N/S*O0-N


















after I had done that, I went out with my gun
to feck proyifion; which, after I had got i
took me up fome time in dreffing and cooking
in the middle of the day I was forced to lie bj
by reafon of the exceffive heat ; and the reft q
the time I {pent making and contriving fud
neceflaries as I ftood moft in need of.
But now the time for my Jittle harveft con
ing on, I had the defirable profpe@ of agoc
crop, but my hopes were fadly difappointe¢
‘by the goats and hares; who having tafted th
{weetnels of my corn, had cropped it fo clofe
that it had no ftrength to fhoot up into a ftalk
To prevent this I was forced to make a hedg
round it; but I had no fooner done this, than
was infefted with vermin of another fort; m
back was no fooner turned but whole flocks @
birds came and deftroyed what the others ha
left ; Ilet fly at thefe, and killed three of them
which I hung upon ftakes as a terror to th
reft; which project had fo good an effe&, thz
they not only forfook the corn, but that part o
the ifland for ever after. ;
My corn growing ripe and harveft coming on,

I cut it down ahd carried home the cars: And
after I had rubbed them, and threfhed them i
the beft manner I could, as near as I could con
jefture, the produce of the barley was abou
two bufhels and a half, and that of the rice a
bout the fame quantity ; and now I plainly fa
by the providence of God, I fhould be {uppli
ed with corn, though at the fame time I wantet
all manner of neceflaries for making it int
bread, which with the greateft labour and dif
ficulty I afterwards fupplied, a
My |



oRU Ss O &£. 47



My feed being thus increafed, my next care
uiwas to prepare more land to fow it in; and ac-
@ cordingly I xed upon two large plats on the
back fide of my caftle, in which I fowed my
feed, and fenced it with a good hedge, to de-
Wiiend it from the vermin.

§§ In fhort, my corn increafed to that degree,
Bithat J thought I might now venture to eat {ome
aM of it ; but how to make it into bread was ftill the
difficulty ; and yet even this I found the means
wato {urmount at laft; and fo, as in all other e-
ya mergencies, I found a remedy beyond my expec-
tation. i \

After I had procured every thing needful
for making my bread, which you may imagine
was no {mall fatisfaétion, the profpe& of land
which I had feen from the other fide of the
jfland ran ftillin my mind; but how I fhould
come at it 1 was utterly ata lofs to know; I
tried to recover the fhip’s boat, and then to
make me a canoe but all in vain; and here. £
could not forbear refle&ing upon the folly of
thofe who undertake matters that they are not’
able to go through with.

I was in the midft of my proje&s, when my
fourth year expired fince I had been caft on
this ifland ; nor did I forget to keep my anni-
verfary with that folemnity and devotion that
I had done the year before; I began to think
myfelf feparated from the world, and from all
a cpportunities of friendly converfation. I had
iq nothing to covet, being, as it were, an emperer
or king of a whole country, where I had no-
og body to control me, nor any body to govern
pag but myfelf, ; ;
Thefe































6 R&B W 8 -O NW

Thefe thoughts made me look upon the thi
of this world with a fort of religicus conten
and rendering me ealy in my defoiate and m
ancholy condition; for, having made Ga
mercies to me matters of the highelt confa
tion, I relinquifhed all penfive thoughts a
-difmal apprebenfions, and refigned myfelf
entirely to God’s providence, ‘

My ink was quite gone, and my bifcuit
-moit exhaufted; my linen was worn out, oO
fome of the failors’ checked fhirts remau
which were of mighty ufe to me in hot wea
er. My clothes and hat were quite: worn,
thofe I fupplied by the help of my goat ik:
of which | firft made me a fort of a cap, 4
‘then a waiftcoat, aad open kneed breeches w

-the hair on the outfide; and thus being perf
ly at eafe in my mind, I {pent my time in ef
templating the bisflings of heaven, and
ravifhed to think that one time or othe
Should be delivered from my prefent mis
tuses, and placed out of the reach of t
forever. 4

For five years after this nothing worth mi
tioning happened, only at {pare times I had |
ifhed a {mail cance, with which, at all bazar
I refolved to try to difcover the circumfere|
of my dominions; aud in order to it, 1
provifions on board, with ammunition, and
other neceflaries fit for the expedition.

It was the 16th of November, in the
year of my reign, thet I began this voyé
which was much longer than I expeéted,
reafon I had many’ difficulties to encounte
did not fufpcé; and indeed the recks were



C-R.-U+ SeO0 ak, 4§
high, and ran fo far into the fea, that I often
refolved to turn back, rather than run the rifque
of being driven fo far out to the fea_as by no
means to be able to get back again.

Jn this confufion I came to an anchor as near
to the fhore as poffible, to which I waded, and
climbing up tothe top of a high hil, I viewed
the extent of my dominions, and at all hazards,
refolved to puriue my voyage. It is endlefs to
relate what danger my rafhnefs expofed me to;
J was driven by the current fo far into the fea,
{hat I had hardly any profpett of getting back
agzin; not by all T could do with my paddles,
“which | had made to fupply the place of {culls
‘to help xe; and now had no profpeét but per—
jfhing at fea when my provifions were {pent,
or, if a-ftorm fhould arife, before. However,
‘by the lucky chance of the wind, or rather by
‘the particular providence of God, I was driven
back again to the ifland, and to my unfpeaka-
ble joy, I came on fhore; where, being exceed-
ingly fatigued with watching and hard labour,
J laid me down and took a little repoie. Af-
ter | awoke, and had dreiled my(eif as ufual, I
laid up my boat ina fimall convenient creek fit
‘for my purpofe, and taking my gun, &c.1 made
the bef of my way to my bower, where I again
Jaid me down to refi; but it was not long be-
fore I was furprifed with a voice, which called,
Robin Crufoe, poor Robin Crufoe ! Where have
‘you been poor Robin Crujoe ?

Upon”















Wpon which I ftarted up in great confufior
and cafting my eyes round, I faw my parre
fitting upon the hedge ; and then I knew
was fhe that called me, but was frangely fu
prifed how the creature came there, and w
it fhould fix upon that place above the re
The bird came to me as foon as I called
and perched upon my finger, as ufual, ar
feemed to fignify a great deal.of joy for 2
return,

This voyage had cured me of a great de
of my rambling inclination ; infomuch th
I began to lay afide all hopes of deliverance
fo I led a retired life, and in a very contents
manner paffed away near twelve months, {p:
ing my time in making inftruments and doin
fuch things as were moft abfolutely neceffa:
both for my prefent and future fubfiftence.

My next confideration was, . my powde
growing fhort, what I fhould do to kill th
goats and fowls to live upon: I had abun
dance of contrivances in my head to try
catch the goats alive, particularly the the g03
with young and at length I had my defire ; fa
making pitfalls, and baiting them with fomee

mv



8 he BOR ee OM Be gi






my corn, one morning I found in one of them
gn old he goat, and in the other three young
nes, one male and two females.

The old one was too ftrong for me, and I

ould not tell how to mafter him = But the
kids I made fhift to get to my habitation. It
was fome time before I could make them feed,
put after they had for fome time been without
food, and I threw them fome frefh corn, and
gave them fome water, their ftomachs came to
them. And now my next care was to find
them pafiure, and fecure them fo that they
might not run away, all which I at laft effeéted 5
and withal, by my well ufing thefe poor crea-
tures, 1 had made them fo tame and familiar,
that they would follow me and eat corn out of
my hand. Thus having aniwered my ends, I
think, in about eighteen months time, I gota
flock of about twelve; and in lefs than two
years forty three; and now I was not only
provided with goat’s flefh, but with milk alfo,
which was another bieffing I had little reafon
to expeét,

Being thus happy, and having almoft forgot
all hopes of liberty, I lived as well as the na-
wre of my condition could poffibly allow ; and
indeed, it was a very diverting fight te fee me
fitin {tate at my dinner, all alone by myfelf,
like a king; and it would: have been a very
pleafant obje& to have feen me in my goat fkin
drefs, and other fuitable habiliments.

My chief concern now was about my boat;
which I was extremely unwilling to lofe, it
having coft me fo much hard labour: I went
by land to the place where I left it, but —e
there



52 Ri OB Iv SOLON





















there was no way to bring it off, without r #
ning the fame rifque I was fo lately expoled te
which 1 thought too dangerous for a fecont
experiment, and therefore [ refolved upon ;
nother expedient, which was to make anoth
canoe, and leave iton the other fideof thcifland
And here I think it may not be improp
to inform the reader that { had two plant
tions in theifland: The firft was my little fos
or caftle, where I had made feveral improv
ments ; and the fecond was my bower, or coun
try feat, where were my grapes. and the ¢
clofures for my goats, and feveral other con
niencies, that made it a very pleafant anc agres
able retitement. ;
To this place it was that I ufed to gocften®
view my goats. And now] fhal! relate a thin
that gave me the moft difquiet of any thin,
that | had met with fince my firit: coming int
the ifland, 4
lt may, well ke fuppofed.that, after I hi
been fo long in this defofate part of the «word
nothing could have been more amzzing thai
to have feen any human creature ; but one day
as I was going to my boat, as ufual, I perceives
on the fand, the print cf a man’s naked foot;
and had I feea an apparition, I could not hav
been more terrified. I lcoked round on a
fidesy but. could not hear or fee any thing; |
oblerved the tramplings, and was convinced
from all figns, that fome foot had been there
And in the deepeft confufion, I returned back
to my habitaticn. i
‘Phat night I mever clofed my, eyes, and wag
full of the moft difmal apprehénfions that
éver had in al! my life, Sometimes I had the
folly





OR Ui -0S ok: 53

folly to think it muft be the devil; at other
times I thought it rather fome favage, that the
current had driven in, and not liking the place,
was fecretly gone off to fea again. Happy
was 1, inmy thoughts that none of the favages
jnad feen me; and yet, at the fame time, I was
exceedingly terrified left they fhould have feen
my boat, and fo come in great numbers, and
find me out, and devour me, and all my little
ftock, that I had been fo long gathering. Thefe
thoughts affli&ted me extremely ; and yet, after
mature confideration, I conciuded it was my
beft way to throw myfelf upon the fovereign
Governor of the World, and to fubmit entirely
to his mercy and providence.

After a world of fears and apprehenfions,
for three nights and days, I ventured out of
my fortrefs; I milked my goats, and after I
had put every thing in order, not. without the
greateft confternation, I went again to the
fhore to make my farther obfervations; and
upon the whole, concluded, that either the
jfland was inhabited, or that fome perfon had
been on fhore, and that I might be furprifed
before I was aware.

This put feveral frightful notions into my
head, infomuch that fleep was an entire ftran-
ger to me, my whole thoughts being taken up on
nothing but my prefervation, I put my caftle
into the beft pofture of defence I was able,
and placed all my guns fo that they might be
ferviceable if I fhould have occafion to make
ule ofthem. After this 1 went armed with
my two guns,

I
ES









gl . Cll a Wed sb t,t ee, Pl



i divided my goats into feveral parcels ;_
ten fhe goats and two he ones I put into one.
part of the ifland, and the other ten, with two_
he ones, in another; and whilft f was in fearch
of the latter, which was on the Weftern part.
of the ifland, 1 thought [ difcovered a boat, |
but at too great a diftance to make oat what.
fhe was. Being come to the {hore, upon the
S. W. part of the ifland, Iwas convinced that
they were favages, feeing the plaée coveted.
over with the fkulls and mangled limbs of ku-
man bodies. 1 obferved likewife a fort of a)
circle, mm the midit of which I perceived there _
had been a fire: about this I conje@ured thefe _
wretches fat, and unnaturally facrificed and 4
devoured their follow creatures,

; The >

a ee oe ae
5
z

a a ae

Yet bab St Pee et me mk ME





COR Oo s Ore

' The horror and lothfomenels of this dreadful
gpeétacle confourded me jo, that, though I was
fatisied thefe favagées Hever came into the part
of the ifland where I was, yet fuch an abhor-
fence of them had feized me, that for iwo years
y confined myfelf in my cattle, my country
feat, and wy enclofures ; and thus my circum-
filances remained for feme time undifturbed,
But fill my grand intention remained, which
was to try if 1 could deftroy fome of thofe
favages, and fave a viétim that I might after-
wards make my fervant. :

Many were my projets and contrivances to
bring this about 3 at length I caméto this fee.
tied refolution, to lie privately in ambufh, in
fome convenient place, and let fly upon them
with my guns firft, and then with my piftols,
gné fword in hand ;\and fomuch did this pro-
polal pleale my fancy, that I fully refolved to
put it in ‘praClice the firft opportutity ; and
accordingly, I foon found a place convenient
for my puipofe; but at the fame time, I had
several checks of confcience, and reafoning with
myfelf, concerning the lawfulnefs and juftice
of the attempt ; and, after a long debate, I con-
cluded to lay afide the defign.

" Whilft Twas cutting down fome wood one
day; to make charcoal to drefs my meat and do
the family neceflaries, I perceived a very large
tavity; and goingstowards it, I could perceive
two large eyes faring upon me; upon which I
made hafte out, extremely terrified, not imagin-
ing what it could be that looked fo frightfally :
However, after I bad recovered from my fur-
prife, I went again into the cavity, refolving,
at all hazards, to fee what it was ; and whea £
came



3° ROBINSON





















came near enough to difcern it perfeftly, what
fhould it be, after all, bat a moaftrous he goa
lying on the ground, and gafping for life
through mere old age.
The creature was not able to fland, and {
IT let him lie undifturbed, and employed my.
felf in viewing the place, and making obferva
tions. At the farther fide of it 1 obferve
a fort of an entrance, but fo low, as to oblige
me to creep on my hands and knees to it :-
I had no candle, and the place was dark, ane
fo I fufpended my enterprife till the nex
day, when I returned with two large ones o
my own making. :
After I had paifed the ftrait paflages ]
found the roof rofe higher up; and fure
when I got farther in, ne mortal ever faw,
more beautiful fight ! The walls and the rog
reflected a thoufand lights from my two can
dies ; and indeed, it feemed to me the ma
delightful grotto I had ever heard of, Ik
fhort, I could find no fault but in the entrance
and which I thought would be very neceffar
for my defence and fecurity ; therefore I d
termined to make the place my principal mag
azine’; and accordingly, I carried thit
with the utmoft expedition, fome arms and am
munition, judging it impoffible for me tobe fur
prifed by the favages in that faftnefs. i
I think I was now in the 29d year of mi
reign, and tolerably eafy in my condition.
By this time my parrot had learned to tal
Englith very well, and many diverting houg
-we ufed to have together. My dog died of

old age ; and my cats increafed fo faft, thay
: im

a a a

ak wh me Meas Ge a... wee ce a eee ee

gat” (Ge cl Sl ce





7

oe eee ee ae By
I was often forced to deftroy fome of them,”
teft I fhould be overrun with their numbers,
J always kept two or three domeftick goats
about me, and had feveral fowls. that built
gnd bred about my caftle, fo as to make me
happy as I could with : But alas! what un-
forcfeen events deftroy the uncertain. enjoy-
ments of human happinefs !
It was now December, the time of my har-
veft, when, going out one morning early,
te e appeared to me from the fhore, about
two ice diftanée from me, a flaming light
from that part of the ifland where 1 kad be-
fore obferved fome favages had been on my
fide of the water. ;

Terrified with this unufual fpef&atle, and
being under difmal apprehenfioms that thefe
favages would find me out, and deftroy me, I
went direGily home to my cattle, and fhut my-
felt up as faft as I could, and put myfelf into
a polture of defence ; frid afterwards I got up
to the top of the rock, and viewing with my
profpeive glafs, 1 cor uld difeern no lefs than
nine naked favages fitting round a fire, and
eating (as I feppofed) human flefh, with their

‘gwo canoes hauled on fhore, waiting for the
tide to carry them back again.

Nothing can exprefs my deteftation of fo
horrid a fight ; 3 efpecially when I found they
were gone, and I had been at the place of fac-
rifice and faw the limbs and flefh of human
creatures lietorn and mangled upon the ground:
in fho ort, my indignation againft them rofe fo
high, that let the confequence be what it
would, I dels rmined to be revenged upon the

frit





58 RO-B IN S.O.N
















firft that fhould come thither, though I loft
my life in the attempt. +
I found afterwards that they did not come!
ever to this ifland very often ; and as near T
can remember it wasa year or more before P
faw any more of them. But before 1 proceed
farther, I have anothér account that will de-
ferve the reader’s attention. ,
_It-was the 16th of May, according to my
wooden calender, after a very terrible ftorm
when I was alarmed with the noife of a gum
as fired froma fhip in diftrefs ; upon which
I immediately took my glafs and went up to)
the top of the rock where I had not been @
moment but a fame of fire gave notice of an~
ether gun; and then I was confirmed in my)
opinion, that it could be nothing lefs than a
fhip in diftrefs ; which, with my glafs 1 foon
difcovered to be true ; andthat the wreck was
upon thofe hidden rocks where I was in great
danger of being loft in my boat. 7
I made a fire upon the hill by way of fig-
nal and they faw it, and anfwered it with fev=
eral guns. The weather was very hazy, and
fo 1 could not, at that time, difcover cither at
what diftance the fhip lay, or what fhe was 1
but the weather clearing up, I faw a fhip cait

away fome diftance at fea. | ~
I had feveral notions concerning them, as
3s natural in fuch cafes; but confidering fe-
rioufly the place where they were, and all oth=
er circumftarices, I could not conceive an
pofibility but that they muft be all loft ; and
indeed, to the laft year of my being ‘in this
ifland, I never knew of any that were faved’
out of this fhip: lenly faw the body of &
: boy





C’R Oo 6p x 59

boy which was driven on fhore, but I could
not difcover by him of what nation they
were.

The fea was now very calm, which tempt-
ed me to venture to the wreck, not. only in
hopes to get foinething I wanted, but like-
wife, if there was any body left alive in the
Ship, to endeavour to fave their lives. This
refolution fo far prevailed, that I went home
immediately and got every thing ready for
the voyage ; and accordingly after a great
deal of labour, hazard and difficulty, I at
Jength got to the wreck which I beheld with
the greateft pity and concern. By her built I
found fhe was a Spaniard, and had endured a
terrible confliG before fhe was lof,

When I was come near to her, I faw a
dog on board, who no fooner faw me but he
fell to yelping and howling, and I no fooner
called to him, but the poor creature jumped
into the fea and fwam to me, and I took him,
into the boat almoft famifhed. When I came
into the fhip, the firft fight that I beheld was
two drewned men in the arms of each other :
I found the was a rich fhip, and as I had rea-
fon to believe, bound home from the Spanifh
Weftindies. What became of the reft of the
failors I could not tell, there being none of
their bodies on board, befides the two before+
mentioned,

As I was rummaging about her, I found fev-
eral things I wanted, viz. a fire fhovel and
tongs, two brafs kettles, a pot to make choco-
late, fome horns of fine glazed powder, a grid
iron, and feveral other neceflaries. Thefe I

put





to | Re OSB, LN Sal N



























put on board my boat, together withtwo chef
and a cafk of rum; and after a great deal of
toil and difficulty, I got fafe back to the iff
and. . 4
I repofed myfelf that night in the boat, ani
the next day landed my cargo, which I carried
to my gretto ; and having examined my ef
‘feGts, 1 found in the two chefts feveral thing
I wanted, particularly fome fhirts ‘and han
kerchiefs ; 1 found alfoihree bags of pieces @
eight ; all which I would willingly have giv
en for five or fix pairs of Englith fhoes az
ftockings. 4
After [had ftowed all this new cargo ‘a
to my cave, I made the beft of my way to m
eaftlé and found every thing as I left it, 7
that .I had nothing to do but to repofe myfe
and to take care of my domefties. And ne
wanting nothing that was requifite for q
-fupport of life, 1 might have lived very quié
had not the apprehenfion of the favages d
turbed me; upon which account I felde
“went far abroad, if 1 did, it was to the eatftel
part of the ifland, where I well knew th
never came: And for two years I lived”
“this anxious condition, my head being alw,
full of projeéts how I might getaway from th
defolate place.
“As I obferved before, though I was tole
“bly fecure againft the reach of want, and fi
all the diverfion the nature of the iflal
“would allow, yet the thoughts of my deliv
“ance were flill uppermoit, as the reader W
“eafily perceive by the following relation |
“which I fhall give a fhort account of ©

fchemes and projeéts I made for my efcapey



Cae eS 20: ris: Gt

AsI lay in my bed one night in March,
the 24th year of my folitude, Iran through
all. the accounts of my life, from my very firft
remembrance to the prefent time, and found
all along that the providence of God had been
exceedingly kind and merciful to me, and
when I confidered, more particularly how ma-
ny dangers I had paffed, it could not but make
me devoutly thankful to my great deliverer,
without whofe affiftance L muft inevitably
have perifhed. ; .

After Ibhad thus briefly debated with my-
felf on my prefent and former condition, I
began next to confider the nature of thefe fav-
ages, and the country that they inhabited, how
far it was to the place from whence they came,
and what boats they had to bring them over
hither, and at the fame time had fome notions
to go over to their fide, to fee what difcoveries
I could make. ;

I had notions, that, if by any method I
could get upon the continent, I might in time
meet with a fhipto carry me to Europe, for
here I looked upon myfelf to be the moft mif-
erable man living, and preferred even death it-
felf to my flay in this defolate ifland.- Whilf
my thoughts were thus confufed, 1 had no no-
tion of any thing elfe but my voyage to the
continent ; and indeed fo much was I inflam-
ed with thefe notions, that lin a great meaf-
ure forgot my duty to God and was reduced
almoft to a ftate of defperation ; and after
many thoughts and ftrugglings in my mind,
I came at length to this conclufion, viz. That
the only probable yay I had to efcape, was to

: get



























Ber REO BOT aN ON

get one of thefé favages ; which I could find
no other way to bring about, than by ventur
ing my life to fave him from the jaws of hi
devourers, which I thought muff inf{pire him
with gratitude to his preferver. E
Thefe were my fixed refolutions, but I think

it was at leaft a year and a half before I coul
find an opportunity of putting them in exec
tion. To the beft of my remembrance it wa
the 29d day of April, early in the morning}
when I was furprifed with the fight of five
canoes, allon fhore together, on my fide o
the ifland, and the creatures that belonged t
them all landed and out of fight. - 4
"At firft I thought all thefe boats muft bring
“t00 many to be attacked by one perfon, ang
was in a mighty confufion as to what was bef
to be done ; however, being impatient to fei
~ fomething of their managemeat, I took
guns, and went fecretly to the top of the hill
where by the help of my profpective glafs, |
obferved no lefs than thirty, fitting round:
fire and fealting upon what meat they hac
dreffed ; what it was I could not diftinguifh
Afterwards they all danced around the flames
ufing many frightful and barbarous geftures.
Whilf I was looking earneftly on the
wretches, I could difcern them dragging tw
miferable creatures out of one of their boats,
It was not long before I faw one of them
-knocked down, and three or four of them
fell to cutting and mangling his body, in or.
der to devour him as they had done the form
er. Whilft the other miferable creature {tood
expefting every moment the fate of his coms
3 panion ~



‘

O RE SO BR _ 63

anion, infpired with the hopes of life he
cave afudden ftart from them, and ran with
great {wiftnefs towards my caftle.







































































































I was. under great apprehenfions that he
would ffy to my grove for proteftion. I was
glad to fee he had the heels of them, and from
his fwiftnefs, concluded he would prefently lofe
fight of them, and fave his life. There was
a little creek juft before him, where I was a-
fraid the poor viétim would be taken if he
could not fwim; but it happened he fwam
very well and foon got over, and fan again
with his former ftrength and f{wiftnefs. Two

of the three that followed him, fwam over af-
ter






















6p) BO BRE Me. Oy

ter him, but the other, that could not {wim,
retutned back to his‘ companions. And now,)
or never, I thought it was my time to pro
cure a favage for my companion. Accord-
ingly, with all the fpeed I could, I came
down from the’rcck, took up my two guns,
‘refolving to fave the viétim if poffible ; and
in order to it, came a nearer way, and pu
myfelf between the purfuers and the purfued,)
beckoning to the latter to ftand ftill, who,
you muft imagine, was not a little furprifed
atme. The firft purfuer I knocked down
with the ftock of my piece, and the other,
who I perceived was preparing his bow and
arrow to fhoot me, I let fly at, and killed
him dead on the {pot.

The poor frighted Indian was amazed ta
fee the fire and hear the noife of the gun;
however, I made figns to him to come to me,
which at length he did, but not without a
great deal of fear and trembling, being afraid,
I believe, I fhould kill him too. I did all I
could to convince him of his miftake, and at
jength fo far convinced him, by the fgns I
made him, that he came to me, and threw
himfelf at my feet, and took one of my feet
and put it upon his head ; which was a tol
en, it feems, of his refolution to be my flav
forever ; upon which I took him up, made
much of him, and encouraged him in the bef
manner I could. ;

By



COR EOS LORE. * 65

oe S S NS



By this time I faw the favage I had knock-
ed down, began to recover, and was fitting
upright, which made my new flave as much
afraid as before, but 1 foon’ prevented his
fright by prefenting my piece at him; but my
favage oppofed my fhooting him, making a
fign to me to lend him my fword, which
hung by my fide, and no fooner had I granted
his requeit, but away he ran to his enemy and
very dexteroufly, at one blow, cut off his
head ; and as a token of triumph brought
it to me, together with my {word, and laid
it at my feet.

The greateft 2ftonifhment my new fervant
was in, was, how I killed the favage at that
diftance, “without a bow and arrow ; and to
fatisfy himfelf in that matter, he made figns
to me tolet him go and view him. And
having viewéd the wound the ballet had made
in his breaft, he took up his bow and ar-
rows, and came back ‘to «me again, making’
figns tome td give “himfTeave to bury him,

as FES Wor bie iy" eek which



as” R DEB TT Wes 80 ON
















which with my confent, he performed with
wonderful dexterity.
When I perceived he had done, 1 called
him away, and carried him, dire@ly to my
cave, where I gave him viuals, and the
pointed to him to lie down upon ome ftraw
and take a little reft. He was a very hands
forme well-proportioned fellow, and in all refs
pets the moft beautiful Todiag: lever faw. 4
Ithink he had not flept above an. hour,’
before he came out of the cave to me, as
was milking my goats, and again threw him-
felf at my feet, and put my other foot upom
his head, as a farther token that he intended:
to be my flave forever. ;
That night we ftayed. In the cave; but
early the next morning, 1 made figns to him
to rife and go with me; and, withal, made
him to underftand that his name was to be
Friday, it being on that day 1 faved his life,
and that I intended to give him fome clothes)
to hide his nakednefs. As we pafied by the
place where the favages, were buried, be
pointed dire&tly to the graves, and let me
know by his geftures that he intended tau
dig. them up and devour them, upon which)
I let him fee I was extremely difpleafed at it,
and made him come away, which he did with,
the greateft reverence.
In our way.to the cafiie, we went. to the
top of a hill to view if the favages were gone,
and finding they were, we refrefhed our}
felves for that night, and the néxt morning!
I refolved. to ,arm. myfelf, and take my. mai
with me, and go ta view the, place where!
they

haksd Shah Gee all Tene

emt eg deed ey, er

bog ed Ay bet

pm 7





CAR eS 0 GEO 67

they committed their barbarities. | When
‘we came upon the fpot, it is impoflible to
exprefs the herriblenefs of the fight! Here
Jay the fleth and entrails, and there the
mangled limbs of human creatures ; in thort,
jt filled me with the greateft horror and de-
teftation. - Friday gave me to underfland
that there were three there facrificed, and
sf 1 had not refoued him, he had been the
fourth. J made him gather up the frag-
ments and. lay them in a heap, and made a
fire upon them, and burnt them to afhes :—
And ftili I found my man had a hankering
after fome of the flefh, which I refented with
the utmoft abhorrence, and made him un-
derftand, that if ever 1 found him guilty of
any {uch inhumanity, I would certainly fhoo
him.

After this we wentto my caitle, where I
clothed my man as well as the nature of the
place and my circumftances would admit.
He feemed at firft a little uneafy and awk-
ward in his new drefs; but after he had worn —
them four or five days, he grew familiar with
them, and feemed extremely well fatisfied.
Now .my next, concern was, how | might
lodge him well, and yet be eafy myfclf ; and
in order to this, 1 ere&ed him a little tene
between ‘my two fortifications, fecured my
arms every night, and made every thing fo
fafe, that-it. was impoflible for me to be fur-
prifed ; though I mufi at the fame time own.
theret' was no. needs of thefe cautions; for
nevermani was. blefled_with a fervant that lov
ed: and-ebeyed him with greater tendernefs,
fidelity. and. affe&tion.; which, endeared. him.

ta,





68° RO BUNS (ON:




























tO me-extremely, and induced me to think
how I might belt acquit myfeif to him. 4
I had not been above two or three days im

: y : et
my caftle, when I firtt prepofed to bring him f

By BD a mt
off from his barbarous inclination to humangi§,,
flefh ; inorder to which I ufed feveral ing ,,
ticements ; till the poor creature who hadi ..
the moft dutiful and tender regard to every Fe
thing | commanded him and indeed did noggl ¢,
want good fenfe, was perfe&lly weaned . from be

his vicious inclination, and bad as deep and

1 _ if
fixed an abhorrence of any fach barbarous he
proceedings as myfelf ; he fell upon his kneess@§ i;

and made all figns of his averfion he poflib



could, pronouncing many things I/aid noe ie
underfland; only in the main, 1 found thet
his only apprehenfions were from the fear E F
fhould fhoct him; for the thoughts of the@l 1
gun, and the manner of the execution it did, @f y,
were fillin his mind, and ke could by by
means be reconciled to it ; “he would nevergg ,,
fo much as touch it with his finger, for fevers },
al days, and I believe, if 1] had not prevent ,,
ed it, he would have paid it a fort of adoragl f,
zion : He would go, as often as my back. was
burned, and talk tot in his own'dialet ; tha |
intent of which was, to defire it not to kill] j.
him. : ie: ej
Thad killed a kid, which we brought ‘homeg@}
and the next day I gave ‘him “fome of them ;
defh: both boiled and roaftéd, ‘with which Hag] ,
syas fo much delighted, that he gave me figa t
(which 1° perfe@ly underftood) that whillt! "

lived he would never"more eat any “man’s
th oh any account: ‘And now I hink it high time to fet my fervant to works
efpecially ©






6 RUS 0 PE: 69

efpecially confidering I had now two mouths
to feed inftead of one. I found him extra-
ordinarily quick and handy in every thing I
fet him about, and he had the fenfe to make
me underftand that I had more labour in my
hands on his account than I had for myfelf,
and that he would {pare no pains nor dili-
gence in eny thing 1 fhould command or di-
rect ; and indeed,. the fellow’s honefty and
fmple integrity grew fo confpicuous, I really
began to love him entirely ; and for his part,
Jam well affured there was no love loft.
had a mind to know if he had any inclina-
tion to his own country ; and having taught
him as much Englifh as poffible, I afked him:
{everal queftions, which he aniwered very
pertinently ; particularly, I afked concerning
the nature and diftance of his conntry, and
their manner of fighting, &ec. The fellow
had a very good: natural genius, and weuld
often anfwer my queftions with very quick
and furprifing turns ; and when I {poke a-
pout religion, he heard me with the greateft
reverence and attention, and would often
furprife me with important and unexpected
ueftions; and in truth, I fpared no pains to
inftru@ him according to the beft of my
knowledge. I afked him who made him and
all the world? As foon as he underftood
me, he anfwered, Old Benamucke ; but all
that he could fay of him was, that he was
véry old, much older than the fea and land,
the moon and ftars, and that he lived a great
way beyond them all.
When I had inquired into the manner of
ferving their God, I proceeded, according to
the






















06, OR OP RAR ONS ON

the bef of my knowledge, to inftru& him ig
the principles of the Chriftian religion, and
laid before him feveral of the chief truths
upon which it was grounded ; to which he
gave the greateft attention, and would afk ved
ry pertinent queftions, by way of information:
In fhort, I foon perceived this poor creature
every day improved by my inftruétions; and
my endeavours to inftru@t him were a great
help to myfelf, and brought thofe things frefi
into my memory which the length of time had
almoft defaced: fo I had the greateft reafon tq
blefs providence for fending him to me in this
ftate of folitude. His company allayed the
thoughts of my mifery, and made my habita.
tion more comfortable than it had been ever
fince my firft coming tothe ifland. It brought
into my mind daily notions of heaven and heav-~
enly things,and filed me with a fecret joy that
Iwas brought into this place, which I once
thought the moft miferable part of the univerfe,
By this time Friday began to {peak tolerable
Enghth, though a little broken. We cons
verfed with great familiarity ; and I took @
particular pleafure to relate to him the
feveral accidents and adventures of my,
life. I fcon made him underftand that won
derful myftery, as he conceived it, of the gun~
powder and ball, and taught him to fhoot
which he foon learnt in the greateft perfec-
tien. I gave hima knife, which he was very
proud of; likewife a belt and a hatchet, which
he hung to his girdle, which with the re
of his accoutrements, made him look like
Don Quixote, when he went to engage the®
wind mills, After this 1 gave him a particus
lag
/

we ee

wart

en et ee ee

a7

— OK = ty t HO, oO

fe beet

pet beg

Oe he ge te me





Cen Ge ie, <3 aS

jar defcription of Europe, and Old England,
‘the place of my nativity ; above all the reft, I
alfo gave him an account of my being fhip-
wrecked, and carried him and fhewed him the
ruins of the fhip’s boat, which, though it was
almoft rotten and fallen to pieces, yet 1 could
erceive he took particular notice of ; which
made me afk-him the reafon why he pondered,
{o much, O mafter (faid he} me fee like beat come
to place at my nation. It prefently came into
my mind, that this muft be fome Europcan
poat that was forced in there by firefs of
weather, after the lofs of the fhip, which put
me upon inquiry, what fort of a boat it was,
and what came init? _ ; ‘
Friday replied, with great warmth and ar-
dour, 0 majter, we fave white mans from drown :
Upon which I afked him if there were any
white mans (as he called them) in the boat ?
Yes, yes (faid he) ‘the boat full, very full of wizie
mans: How many, Friday ? faid 1: Where-
upon he numbered his fingers, and counted
feventeen. Then I afked him, what became
of them all, and whether they hved or not.
He replied, yes mafter, they all live, they be hive.
*mong my nation. Upon which it came into
my thoughts, that thefe muft be the crew that
belonged to the fhip that was caft away upon
_ my ifland ; who, rather than be devoured in
the ocean, had committed themfelves.to prov-
idence, and were driven on fhore zmorg the
wild Indians. The notion I had of their cru-
elties made me afk Friday how it came to pafs
they did not kill and eat them. No, no, faid
Friday, they not hill ’em, they make brother with
"em : My nation, tother nation, no cat mans, but
a when.





G2 ORB el BNO WV



















when mans make war fight. As much as tof
that neither his nor any other nation even
their fellow creatures, but fuch as the law
arms allowed to be devoured, and they w,
only thofe whofe misfortune it was to be m
puifoners of war. j
Some time after this, upon a very clear d
“my man and I went upto the top ofa ¥v
high hill, on the ealt fide of the ifland, fi
whence I had once feen the continent in
merica ; I could not dire&tly tell what was

’ matter, for Friday fell to jumping and dang
as if he were mad; I afked him the reafai
his joy. Ojoy ! faidhe, glad ! there fee
country, there my nation, there lives white m
all gether. . Upon which 1 could not fh
thinking, but that, if he could by any me
get home, he would forget all I had done
him, and perhaps bring his countrymen 4
my ifland to deftroy me: But, tomy fham
{peak it, my jealoufy was very ill groune
for the poor fellow was of a quite diffé
difpofition, and as I found afterwards, wa
freely have loft his life, rather than have
me, or done me the leaft injury.
Soon after this, I afked him if he had
_adefire to go into his own country ? Yes,
he, me much O giad to be at my own nation
go if you go, me no gout you flay. I go, Fa
faid I, what fhall Ido there ? He anfwere
mafier, you do great deal much good, you te
all the wild mans to be good tame mans, youd
them fober, lame good life, tohnow God, and
God. Alas! poor Friday, faid I, that’s o
my power, neither will I venture. an
them



t

CiiRe GSO Es 93

them: No, you fhall go and leave me alone;
as 1 was before I faved your life.

Never was any creature more thunder
firuck than Friday was at thefe words, ef-
pecially when I told him he would be at Iib-
erty togo as {oon as the boat was ready to car-
ry him ; he put one of his hatchets into my
hand, faying, only hill Friday ; Friday care not
live long: But what muft I kill you for ? (faid
1) Ah f dear mafier, what made you Friday favé
from eat a me up, fo keep long Friday make Friday
“fove God, and not love Benamuckee, and now
Friday fend away, never fee Friday more! When
he fpoke this, the tears ran down fo plentifully
that I had much ado to refrain from weeping
myfelf ; I comforted him in the beft manner
I could; telling him, if he was willing to
flay with me, I would never part with him as,
Jong as I lived.

In fhort, the fellow’s honefty and fincere be+
haviour foon convinced me of the unreafona-
blenefs of my jealoufy, and he became more
dearto me thanever. Indeed, I thought that
if ever I could get to the continent, and join
thofe white men Friday had mentioned, it
might be the means to further my efcape; in
order to this, Friday and I went into the
woods to look out a large tree, to build a ca~
noe, which we effe@ted in about fix weeks, and
with much trouble and pains got her into the
water. I-was very well pleafed at the launche
ing this little mah of war of mine, which F77-
day managed with great dexterity, and affured
me it was in al points large enough to carry
us over, and if I thought proper, he was ready
to venture with me.






















74 R Oe By LO Ny 3 04 N

1 liked the fellow’s honeft propofal, but, ag
the fame time, I thought if I could procure a
matt and fail, it would be better ; which with
the greateft difficulty imaginable, in about
three months time, 1 made a fhift to patch tos
gether ; and after that, | had my man Friday
to inftrué in the art of navigation, which be=
fore he knew nothing of.

I was now entered in the twenty feventh’
year of my reign, or rather of my captivity,’
and kept the anniverfary of my landings with
greater folemnity than ever, having received
duch repeated figna!s of the divine favour,’
in my deliverance, prefervation and profper-
ity. d

I now wanted for nothing, end yet my)
saind was ftill intent upon my deliverance ;
and in truth, f hada ftrong imprefiion upon
me that I fhould not be another year in this!
ifland ; but I ftill continued my hufbandry,
and made the necelflary preparations for my
future fubfiftence. The rain feafon coming
on, we were forced to continue for the moft)
part within doors, having firft made all necef
fary preparation for the fecurity and fafety of
my new boat, till the months of November
and December, at which time I fully determin:
ed to fail over to the continent. And n
fooner did,it begin to draw near, but I began
to make preparations for my intended expedi-
tion, and in a fortright’s time, I propofed t
open my little dock, and let out the boat for
that purpofe, é

~ One morning, as I was bufy in making prep-
arations for my voyage, Friday whom I had
fent to the feafide to look for a turtle, came
raed at running







Ci TE, AS WO Te 95

yunning in a terrible fright :. Says he, J have
bad news : Yonder are taree or four canoes upon
the coaft, and they come to look for poor Friday,
and will eat youas well as me; and therefore we
muft refolve to fixht for our lives—Says Friday,
trembling, me wr/l fight as well as I can ; but £
am afraid they are too many forus ; but I will obey
your orders, and lofe the laft drop of my blood for you.

Without farther difputes, we fell to loading
our arms, and making every thing ready for
the onfet : When we had double loaded them,
and put every thing in the beft pofture that
could be, I took my profpeétive glafs, and
went up tothe top of a hill, to try what L
could difcover ; and I foon perceived there
were nineteen favages and three prifoners,
which I concluded, by their manner of a&ing,
were to be devoured.



































































































































76 RG BEE ON Su Oe

This. difmal and inhuman fpeétacle filled
me with the utmoft horror and deteftation
and the more fo, as I faw a white man, whe
by their a€tions and preparations, I found
Was to be the next facrifice. This made me
make all the {peed I could, Having fully de
termined to. deliver him or perifh in the ate
tempt; fo I gave Friday orders to follow me,
and to do every thing he faw me do. 4

hen we came toa proper diftance undifu
covered, I gave the word to Friday.to fire, as
I did the very fame moment. We took our
aim fo well; that between us, we killed four,
and wounded three or four more.—No man
‘Can imagine the confternation and confufion
thefe favages were in upen this unexpected
-2ecident : However, not to give them any
refpite we tcok up fome other arms, and let
ily a fecond time, killed two more, and wound-
ed feveral others, which added fo to their con=
Jufion, that they ran yelling and howling a-
bout like mad creatures. Friday (fai I) take
a charged mufket and follow me: So, fhewing
ourfelves to them, and at the fame time giving
a great fhout, we went direétly to the vidtim,
and immediately cut the bands from his hands)
and legs, and lifting him up, I afked him, in.
the Portuguefe language, what he was: }
told me, in Latin, he was a Spantard and-
Chrijfian 3. and after returning the bef aes
knowledsments he could for his deliverancey
he was about to give an account of his misfor=
tunes, but I prevented him, telling him, That
wonld be better at another time ; and faithe
fad = y "

Signior ‘



oe ROT SP OE, ay

Signior, we will talk afterwards, but now.our
bufinefs is fighting. 1 gave him a dram anda
piece of bread to refrefh him, and then gave
him afword and piftol, and bade him de what
he could ; and to give the man his due, no one
could behave himfelf with greater courage. In
fhort, we fo managed the matter, that of twen-
ty two favages, not above three or four gotinto
one of their canoes, and thofe | refolved to
deftroy too if poffible ; accordingly, L leaped
into one of their canoes, and ordered Friday
to follow me; but I was no fooner got in,
than I faw another poor creature bound hand
and foot for the faughter. I prefently helped
him up, but he was fo faint and weak, that he
could neither ftand nor fpeak, but groaned
fadly, thinking he was now to be facrificed.
I bade Friday {peak to him, and affure him of
deliverance. When he wasa little recovered,
and fat up in the boat, and had looked upon,
him more fully, you cannot imagine the poor
fcllow’s tranfport ; at length, when he hada
little recovered himfelf, he told me it was his
father: and in truth, he gave fuch uncom-
mon feflimonies of his duty and affeétion
I muft needs own I was very much afleticd
with it. :

In fhort, with a great deal of difficulty, we
got both my new guefts home to mj
where I made them a handfome tent, 2
treated them in the bef manner my circu
{tances would allow.

And thus, like an abfolute King, i
ed my little dominions ; and finding
new fubjeGis were very weak, I
to kill -one ef my kids, and ftewed

Ge






































78 RO) Bek Sy ODN

the flefh and made them fome very good broth
‘and dined with them myfelf.—After dinner, }
ordered Friday to go to the field of battle, an
fetch home the arms ; and then I bade Frida
aik/his father whether he thought it poffibl
for the favages to outride tig: ftorm, or if they
got home, whether he thought they woul
not return in great numbers, and endeavour ta
deflroy us. His anfwer was, that if they did
reach their own country, which he haraly
thought poffible, yet the ftranvencfs of their
being attacked would certainly make them tel]
the people that they were deftroyed by thun.
der and lightning, and that whoever went im

to the ifland would certainly be deftroyed by
the hands of the Gods, and not ef men ; and
that the ifland was enchanted ; and that the
Gods fent fire from above to déftroy all thofg
that fhould prefume to land in it, Re
This account having freed me from my ap-
prehenfions, and no canoes appearing, I ree
folved to purfue my intended voyage, Fridzy’s
father having afflured me that I might depend
upon good ufage from the people of his coun-
try. As tothe Spaniard, I afked him his o=
pinion ; he told me they were fourteen that
were caft away upon the ifland, ‘and that they
hhad a good underfranding with the Indians,
but were in want of neceflaries for the fup
port of human hfe; and that if I thoug t
proper, he and the eld favage would go over
frit, and fettle matters, in order for our re-
ception ; and at the famt time he told me,
they would all iwear fidelity to me, and own
micas their leader,
: Upon

it oe Ra Sine hep TMS ay 2A cate a fm CoH bow Sng Be, Paes Cae pew ctteg*

wet wt eee eR det hed

1 bet eee



cP e 8 -& 79

Upon thefe-affurauces, I refolved.to fend
ihem over ; but when every thing was ready,
the Spaniard ftarted this material objeétion :
You know, Su; faid he, I know the lengih of your
jock, and though you may have enough for us that

are now wrth you, yet, when you enlarge your fami-
ly, 1 am fanfible it cannot be fufficient to fupport us
lung, and therefore my advice 25, to wait another
harveft, and in the mean time prepare as much
ground as pojfile, whereby we may have provifions
jupecent to carry on our defign. This advice I
liked extremely, and from that moment I always
efteemed the Spaniard and made him my privy
counfellor-on all oceafions. ;

We all four went to work, and prepared
as much ground as would, fow twenty two
bufhels of barley and fixteen of rice, which
was all the feed we had to {pare : And at the
fame time I took all the care imaginable to
increafe and preferve my goats by fheoting
the wild dams, and taking the young kids,
putting them into the inclofures, and took
fuch meafures, that, by the blefling of. God,
and our induftry, after harveft, we had pro-
viflons to vittual a fhip for any part ef Amer-
1¢a. : 4

The principal occafion being thus anfwered,
I gave my two ambafladors a mufket. each,
with charges of powder and ball; with pro-
vifions ft for the expedition, and away I fent
them ; they had not been gone a fortnight,
but I began to be impatient for their return.
Whilff my thoughts were perpetually taken
up with the expectation of them, a very ftrange
accident happened, which was firft difeovered
by my man Friday, who one morning came
runnin g









oS Rse8yrwe @ x








running unto mé, crying out, They are come, they

are come. Upon which I jumped from my bed, f
and looked towards the fea, I perceived @ ©
boat about a league and a half diftance, fLand# ] ¢
ing dire&ily in for the fhore. I feon found :

] t

that thefe were none of the company that I
expetted ; for by the help of my glafs, I found
that this boat muft belong to fume fhip, which
_ by cafting my eyes about, I plainly difcovered ify
lying at anchor at fome diftance at fea; which}
by the fafhion of her long boat, &c. I conclud
ed muft be an Englifh veffel. :
Great were my tranfports upon this unex:
petted fight, which brought into my mind
frefh notions of deliverance; and yet I‘had
fome cautionary thoughts, which 1 confe
were of ufe to me afterwards. It was no
long before I faw the boat approach the fhore
and then I was fully convinced that they were
Englifs. I faw four of them leap upon t
fhore, and take three out with them, that look:
ed like prifoners, who, I obferved, madé
paflicrate geftures of intreaty ; and not knows
ing What the meaning might be, I beckone
to Friday to goto the top of the mountain,
and make what difeoveries he could ; when
in a little while returning back, O mafter (faid
he) you fee Enghjh mans eat prifoners as well ag


















3

favage mans ! But of this I foon convinced Ss
him to the contrary; and yet I could nog ®
help thinking but there muft be fomething ve- Is
ry barbarous in hand. I could nat perceive le
that they had any fire arms, but rather that u
they were preparing to kill their three coma ?
panions with their fwords ; and now it wai o

I lamented my want of power to preférve
them,



Gy RR 8S. A RY 8:

them. . However, to my great fatisfa&tion, I
found that they turned them up into the def-
olate ifland, as they thought, to be either ftarv-
ed or devoured by wild beaits, and then ramb-
led about the wood to make obfervations, till

the tide was gone, and the boat was aground.


























ih

iN
LAS
a



In fhort, I confidered What fort of men I
had now to deal-with, and therefore refolved
to a& with all. the caution imaginable, and fo
concluded it was beft not to. make any attempt
till it grew dark : But the day being exceffive-
ly hot, Lconcladed the failors were of courfe
laid in the. fhade to fleep.; and perceiving the
three poor difconfolate creatures fitting under
a tree, at fome fmall diftance from me, I made
no more todo, but went up to them, afking
them, in the Spanifh tongue, what they were ?

At



























32 RO Bi. N.S. 0) N
At which they ftarted up, and being furprifeg

_ at the oddnefs of my drefs, they began toa
void me: but Icalled to them in Englifh, D
not be afraid, for you have a friend nearer to yo
than you expect 5 tell me your condition, and of 2#9
in my power, Iwill ferve you faithfully. — Ser, (fait
one of them) the flory is too long at prefent 2%
was mafter of that fuip that lies yonder at anchor,
my men having mutinied, it is a favour they ha
put this paffenger, my -mate, and me, on fhore.on tht
. efland without murdering us, though we have 4
profped but to perifh here, for want of the neceffq
ries of life.—Have they any fire arms ? faid]
Only two fuzees, replied he, and one of them 4
now deft in the boat ; and, if the two defpera
rogues that are with them could bé taken, Ia
pretty well affured the refe would return to the
duty. Well, faid I, let us retire a little farth
under the covering of the wood, and we
talk farther+ and there it was I made my con
ditions with them, which they very grateful
and honeftly performed. ;
It was not long before we came to a refol
tion to.go' and attack the villains ; the ty
men fired on there, and killed one of the ca
tain’s greateft enemies, and wounded another

the reft cried out for mercy, which was grar to
ed them, upon condition they would {wear} C.
be true to him, in helping him to recover h of
{kip which they all promifed todo in a fole be
‘manner ; however, I°advifed the captain oy ©
keep them bound, and then’our next care W fo
to fecure the boat, without which “it was fa
poflible to reach the fhip. ke

To fhorten the ‘relation as much ‘as poffiey 2

bie, we concerted all our meafures fo well th



Rha WS Ope, te

at iaft, the fhip was recovered according to
our wifh ; and now there remained nothing
put the difpofal of the prifoners, the mof
dangerous of which we refolved to leave on
the ifland. I gave them arms, and all the nec-
effaries I had in my caftle ; and telling them
all my whole ftory, I charged them to be kind
to the Spaniards that I had fent forover. They
romifed me very fair, and fo I informed them
of every thing neceflary for their fubfiftence ;
{fo taking with me my man Friday, my money,
my parrot, &e. I went on board where the
Captain treated me as his deliverer and behav-
ed himfelf to me with the utmoft gratitude and
civility. Upon the 12th of December, 1686, we
fet fail, and landed in England the 11th of
June, 1687, after I had been abfent from my
native country upwards of thirty five years.
After my arrival, and I had a little -refrefh-
ed myfelf, I began to inquire into the ftate of ©
_my affairs : 1 found my firft Captain’s widow
alive, butin very mean circumftances. Soon
aiter I went into Yorkfhire, where'I found
my family in general either dead or loft, fo
that I knew not where to fndthem. I found
that there was no provifion made for me ;
upon which I took my man Friday and went
to Lifbon in order to find the Portuguefe
Captain who took me on board on the coaft
of Africa ; and’to learn, from him, what was
become of my plantation at the Brazils. Ac;
cording to my wifh, after fome little fearch I
found him out, and he gave me a very fatis-
faétory account of all matters, more. particu-
larly of my plantation in the Brazils ; which
had been fo honeftly managed in my abfence,
Ly AS Ps that







% ~ Ro Se or Ww SSW



















that beyond my expettation, I found my
worth 4000], fterling ; with which, as fo
as poflible, I refolved to make the beft of m
way to England ; and by the advice of -th
Captain, I was perfuaded to go by lane
which had like to have proved fatal to m
and all that were in my company ; for th
fnows being fallen, the wolves and _beay
were driven out of the wodds, and thoug
there were more than 20 of us together, the
fet upon us many times, and indeed, it we
not without the greateft hazard and difficult
we preferved ourfelves from being devoure
the particular relation of which would be te
long to trouble the reader with.
In our farther pailage through Franc
we met with nothing uncommon or remark
able ; we got fafe to Paris, and after a fhoi
ftay there, went to Calais and landed at Dover}
the 14th of January in avery cold feafon.
When I came to London, 1 found my bill
of exchange all arrived, and the money read
to be paid at fight, which when I had receiv
ed, it came into my mind to return to Lifbon
aoe from thence to the Braajils, to leak 4 ‘te
my plantation 3 but upon fecond thought
I concluded it bef to fell it, and on this ae
count I thought it proper to write to my ca
refpondent at Lifbon, and defire his advie
and affiftance, who readily gave me his prom
ife to do all he could for me; and in truth a
1 afterwards found he acquitted himfelf to m
in every particular with the greateft juftig
and integrity. #
la fhort, he fold my eftate for me to th
beft advantage, and remitted to me for]
bills”



CRU S O'E. 85

bills for three hundred and twenty pieces of
eight, afum much greater than I expetted.
And now I began to think it high time to
fettle myfelf, Providence having'made fuch a
plentiful provifion for me that I wanted noth-
ing to make myfelf as happy as 1 could wifh.

Having caft my anchor, and for the pref-
ent bid adieu to all foreign adventures,
had no other care or concern upon me but
the education of my brother’stwo fons. One
of them I bred a gentleman, and the other {
bred an able failor; and foon afterwards I
married a virtuous young gentlewoman, of a
good family, by whom I hadtwo fons and
a daughter ; but, fhe dying, I grew difconfo-
late and melancholy, and atthe inftigation
of my nephew, refolved I would once more
make a voyage to the Eaftindies, which? did
in the year 1694, and in my paffage vifited my
Ifland. A full and particular account of
which I intend fhall be the fubje& of the fub-
fequent parts of my narrative.

aire FARTHER:














FARTHER
ADVENTURES @:
ae + ’
ROBINSON CRUSOEM¢
spodortede | P

Containing a full eee of his travels and remark.
able tranfa&tions, both by fea and land,

M* new kingdom ran continually in y.
Yi mind, and took up my thoughts day and
night, infomuch that my wife took notice of
it, and weuld often afk me the reafon of my
extraordinary thoughtfulnefs, fuppofing my
marriage with her might be the caule. Her
tender and endearing expreffions, together
with the concern I had for the prefervation of
my family at length brought me to a refolution
to fettle myfelf in fome fixed way of living ;
accordingly, I bought a little farm in Bedford_
fhire, and foon provided me a flock with all
other implements fit to manage it to the bef
advantage. In this rural retirement I began io
tlank myfelf as happy as ! could with, when











on a fudden, all my happinefs was deftroyed by. “
the unexpeéted death of my wife. ‘a

Her death gave me a fort of contempt of ee
the world, and filled me full of different 2:

thoughts a



Cy RU, Si QBs 65 «By

thoughts and inclinations. My country life
grew burthenfome to me: And in fhort, I lef
my farm, left off houfe keeping, and in a few
months after, returned to London ; but there
J could find nothing to entertain me and divert

my melancholy. It was the beginning of the.

year 1693, when my nephew, whom I had bred
up to the fea, was returned from his voyage,
Captain of the fhip he went out in ; who com-
ing to me one morning, told me, it was pro-
poled to him by fome merchants to make 2
voyage to the Eaftindies and if I would go, he
would undertake to land me upon my ifland,
that I might have an Opportunity to inquire. in-
to the ftate of my new kingdom.
. Juft before he came to me, it came into my
thoughts to get a patent, and fill my Ifland with
inhabitants. What devil, faid I, Sent you hither

with this meffage 2. And though I liked-the.
motion, yet I would not let him know it at.

fiift; however, after a little paufe, I told him
if he would fet me-down and call for me at his
‘return, I would certainly go with him. As
to calling for me as he came back he told me
it was impratticable. But, faid he, J will tell
you what wecan do; we may have a Sloop ready
framed on board, which we may cajily put togeth-
erat any time, and you may return at your plea-
urce é
I was not long in forming my refolutions,
but contrary to the advice of all my friends,
Tfully determined to undertake the voyage ;
and, in order to it,,1 made my will, and put
all my affairs in the beft pofture I could poi-
fibly, and fo with my trufty fervant Friday in
the beginning of Fanuary, 1694, I went on
beard,











88 R @.BL MS ON

board, and took with me feveral artificers with’
good cargo, for the better flocking my ifland,

We had not been long out at fea, but we wer
evertaken by a ftortk, which drove us upon
thecoaft of ireland, as far as Galway, where
we were obliged to flay twenty days for a wind!
On the gthef February, the wind prefented,
and we had a very good gale for feveral dayss
On the goth’ in the evening, the mate called
cut; that he faw a flafh of fire, and‘heard a gun;
upon ‘which we all ran to the quarter deck
from whence, at a diftance we'faw a terriblé
fire, which, from our reckoning, we coacluded
could be no other than’afhip that bad takew
fire at fea, and that it could ‘not be far off by
the reportof the gun, which we heard feveral
times. We made to it with all ovr fail, and
foon perceived it was a great fhip burning im
the middle of the fea; 1 immediately order

blew up. \ ,

We hung-out our Janterrns, and about eight
in the morning, when it began to be light, w
faw two boats making towards us, and we
made a fignal for them to come on board and
took them all up, being men, women and chil
den, in all fixty four. It was a French bip
of 300 tons, bound from Canada, and by the
" negligence of the fteeriman it was fet on fire
in) the fteerage; fo that in all probability, i
providence had not fent us to their affiftancg,
they had every foul perifhied, ) ‘














> me, ete Dy tee ay

ct tay tae DAD



CPR « SOLO Ze 89
Never were people, certainly fo overjoyed.
as thefe poor creatures were. “Among the ©
paflengers there were two pri¢fis, an old one
and a young one; the old one was a ftupid
fellow, but the young one was a very modelt
fine gentleman. After their furprife was pret~
ty well over and they had been refrefhed in
the beft manner our fhip would allow, ‘the
captain and one of the pricfts defired to {peak
with me, and offered us the money .and jewels
they had faved, which | refufed, telling them,
our buftnefs was to fave them, and not to plunder
them, They told us, what they had todefire
of us was, to fet them on fhore fome where in
our paffage. As to ianding, we told them, that
being bound to the Eaftindies, we could not do
that without changing our courfe, and that we
could not juftify; but we would carry them
till we met with a fhip bound either to England
or France, that would take them en board;
however, our provifions beginning to fall fhort,
we refolved to land them at Newfoundland,
which was not much out of our way: And
accordingly, as we propofed, jin about a
week’s time we came to the banks of New-
foundland, where they hired a bark to carry
them to France, all but the young prieft and
two or three of’ the failors, who chofe to go
with us, j
Now direéting our courfe to the S: S. E. ~
about twenty days after we met with another
adventure, that gave us a frefh opportunity te
exercife our humanity. In latitude of 27, we
faw a fail bearing towards us that had lof all
her mafts, and firing a gunin token of diftrefs ;
the wind being N. we foon came up to fpeak
He to

































ge Ro 62 BYE NY SEOONN

to her, and found her to bé a: fhip of Briftol,
bound home fion Baibadoes, that had been

driven out of the road by a furious hurricane, | pl
They bad been tofled about for feveral days nt
and were almoff ftarved fer want of provifions,
having eaten nothing for eleven days. am ot
In this fhip were three paflengers, a gentle, 5]
woman, her fon and a maid fervant; thele we | to
found in a moft miferabie condition that can jj
be imagined. The woman died, and it was, 9] ox
with the greateft difficulty that we preferved) tu
the young man and maid, whom, at their in- a8
treaty, after’ we had fupplied the fhip with@) a.
what we could fpare, we took on board our | fi
own fhip. We were now in latitude 1g; but) q
pafling by fome little incidents, I fhall relate) 7"
what is moft remarkable relating to my little | h
kingdom, to which I was now drawing nigh, @] hy:
It was with no fmall trouble that we gor tothe (yy 4
fouth fide of my Mand ; however, at laf we: n
came to an anchor at the mouth of the litdes a
creek, and then I foon ifaw my old cafile, and 9]
knew perfe@ly where I was. f a4 7
When | was certain of the place, I called te 3
Friday, and afked him if he knew where hes
was? But when he looked a little, he clapped =
hig hands, crying, Ojey! O there! O yes! OF i
there! Me fee! Me see? There much Men! and) £
there! and fell to jumping and dancing as if he ‘4
were mad. x 04.58 o i
When the Englifh antient was fpread, and» é
we had fired three guns, to let them know we. 4
were friends, I hung out the white fag, and fo, z
with the young prieit, and my man Friday, 1 ‘
went on fhore. And who fhould be the Srft és
man I faw, but the Spaniard, whofe life I had? ;

faved ;



CR RY. DE Sey gi

faved’; and Friday, who faw his father at a
difiance, ran to him with all the joy imagina-
ple, and embraced him with extreme tender-
peis.

it was the 10th of April that I fet my foat
on fhore the fecond time, when my faithful
Spaniard, accompanied by one mare, came up
to m¢; he didnot know me at firft ; but when
{ had hinted to him who I was, no-man could
exprefs or behave himfelf with’ greater grati-
«ide. Hetook me by the hand, and afked me
j€ 1 would not’go and take poflefion of my old
habitation, where I found they had made con-
fiderable improvements. I afked him feveral
gueftions, and he as readily anfwered me, .te!l-
mg me withel what firange confufion they
had with the Englifhmen, who defigned to
| have murdered them: While we were talking,
- the man whom he had fent returned with eleven
more. Thefe, faid he, are fome of thofe that
owe their lives to your geodnefs. And after
he had made them fenfible who I was, they all
faluicd me in a very grateful and handfome
manner. H
Before} relate what happened in the ifland,
a$ it was related by the Spaniard, my Governor,
3 maf not omit'a ftory which 1 omitted in my
former narrative. Juft before we weighed an-
chor, there happened a quarrel on board, which
by the’care of tge captain was timely ‘prevented
thoagh net without fome difficulty : And indeed,
fofar it proceeded, that two fellows, that had
heen the ringleaders, found means in the night,
+o get fome arms, and the fhip’s boat, and got
away to the ifland, and joined their brother —
rogues ; fo that now there were five Boglt in

A the







Sa) pink. O BUT Ws Sa Oar
tac ifland, which, as the Spaniard reports in)

the following narration, was the caule of great
diforder lad confufien among{t them.



' ‘The Spaniard’s relation of what happen-d in thee
Lfland, frommy departure till my fecond landing,

OU may remember, fir, you fent me on

a voyage ; and indeed, I was not a little
lurprifed to find, at my return, that you had
leftus. We had a very good paffage ; and in-
deed, my countrymen were overjoyed to find £
had fo miraculoafly efcaped; and. when I had
fhewed the arms and ammunition which I had
brought, they were tranfported to the highef&
degree. After a little ftay, we got what we
could from the favages, made bold with two of
their canoes, and fo came all of us over to th e
ifland; where we had no fooner landed, but
we found the Englifymen had qguarrelled with
One another, and had attempted to murder and
deftroy their fellows, and were often very near
putting their wicked pra@ices in execution.
One day it happened, that as two of my
Spaniards were in the woods, one of the fo
bereft of the Englifhmen came up to them, and
made heavy complaints how cruelly they were
ufed by their countrymen, and that if we did
‘mot take them under our proteftion and give
them affiftance, they muit inevitably be ftarve
and undone. When they came to fupper, one”
of the Spaniards, in a gentle and friendly man-~_
ner, began to reprimand the mutinous Englifh-
men: That it was a great pity their countrymen
fhould






















GRO & OE, - 93

{Gould Perifh, “and therefore intreated them to
igffer their countrymen to: procure their fub-
fiftence without farther difturbance 5 to which
they replied, Let them flarve and be damn’d, for
the ifland is ours, and if they will not work for us,
they frall have no faare in it, Come Yack (faid
Atkins) wha hail dare to buildin our dominions
without our confent 2 And as we afterwards
found out, they had certainly murdered them,
if they had not been prevented : However,
they pulled down their huts, and did them all -
the damage they poflibly could. When they
had done this villany, they came back to the
caftle, boafting of what théy had done; when
one taking hold of a Spaniard’s hat, twirled it
round, faying, And you Sugnior yack Spantaré
fiall have the fame fauce if you do not mend your
manners. This quarrel in a fhort time grew fo
high, that if we had not timely interpofed and
taken away their arms, in all probability there
‘had been murder. :

Thefe wicked fellows, perceiving that they
had made all of us their enemies, began to-re-
jent, and to beg for their arms, but this we pof-
Atively refufed, which made them fo mad and
defperate, that they left us in the greateft paf-
fion imaginable. They were hardly gone but
their two countrymen came to us with their
complaints, telling us they were ruined ; and
truly fr, we could not help thinking it very
hard, that nineteen of us fhould, from time to
time, be bullied and infulted by three fuch no-
torious villains. , 3
_ Ig was with fome difficulty we perfuaded
their two. countrymen from purfuing and kil-
ling them with their fre arms, but upon our

\. ‘promifing























oe fF OBE Mo oO

promifing that they fhould have juftice done
them, they defifted. About five days aftei,.
being almoft ftarved, they came to us ina vety
fubmiffive manner, and begged heartily to have
their arms reftored, which upon certain con-
ditions we at laft granted. But. fo great was
their villainy that there had not paft above
_three days, but they began their old trade
again. 4
And now it was that an accident happened,
that not only obliged us to lay afide all private,
animofities, but lkewife to provide for our
mutual fecurity. . i)
One night, as I lay in my bed, I was difturb-
-@d with unufual fears and apprehenfions. |
gotup, and related the matter to cne of m
Spanith friends, who anfwered, fuch hints were

not to be fughted; and advifed me to look out P
€arefully ; adding, that certainly there was Jome
mifchief upon che frocks, Accordingly, we went 4 tt
up to the top of the mountain, where we dif- 01
covered a light, and heard the voices of feveral th
men,t which terrified us exceedinsly, We] u
could not tell what to conjeGure, and there- m
fore fent out old Friday asa fpy, totry if he J in
could learn who, and from whence they were 5_ tk
he returned in a very fhort time, and brought. | P'
us word, tiat they were two different parties, of ae
different nations ; and that after a bloody batile, “4 1
they had landed there by mere chance, in order to 4 th
devour their prijoners;.and that he believed as bl
Joon as it was light, a bloody battle would enfue. 4 a0
Old Friday had hardly ended his relation, but

an unufual noife gave us to underftand that the 1 wi
engagement was begun ; aud uothing could be, J
more bloody and cbftinate, nor men of more _
invincibie



Full Text
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title The most surprising adventures, and wonderful life of Robinson Crusoe, of York, mariner
author The most surprising adventures, and wonderful life of Robinson Crusoe, of York, mariner
publicationStmt
date 2014
distributor University of Florida Digital Collections
email ufdc@uflib.ufl.edu
idno http://ufdc.ufl.edu/AA00021429/00001
sourceDesc
biblFull
The most surprising adventures, and wonderful life of Robinson Crusoe, of York, mariner
Defoe, Daniel, 1661?-1731
extent 144 p. : ill. ; 15 cm. (12mo)
publisher [by Isaiah Thomas] and sold at the Worcester bookstore.
pubPlace Printed at Worcester, Massachusetts
type ALEPH 025067237
notesStmt
note anchored true Evans
Welch, d'A.A. Amer. children's books,
Brigham, C.S. Robinson Crusoe,
Ascribed to the press of Isaiah Thomas by Welch.
Signatures: A-M (A1 recto blank).
"Farther adventures of Robinson Crusoe."--p. 86-132. "Robinson Crusoe's vision of the angelick world."--p. 133-144.
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language ident eng English
textClass
keywords scheme #LCSH
list
item Castaways -- Juvenile fiction
Survival after airplane accidents, shipwrecks, etc -- Juvenile fiction
Shipwrecks -- Juvenile fiction
United States -- Massachusetts -- Worcester
Juvenile literature -- 1795
Bldn -- 1795
revisionDesc
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text
body
div Main
pb n 1 facs img001.jpg
2 img002.jpg
The Baldwin Libray
Univtmit
~m UB of
RmB .
3 img003.jpg
ir
4 img004.jpg
"I
1i
L
5 img005.jpg
F-
1~;2 (.
6 img006.jpg
7 img007.jpg
/
I
8 img008.jpg
Fr o.NTIrSPIECE, See page 2,7.
ROBINSON CRUSOE,
After being caft away was dafhied again Rocks 1to l' Ii
le held falft until the wave was abICLd, and Lhcn ith ,aie.-.
di4cudty wSJdi the Land.
9 img009.jpg
rf .
THE MOST SUR P RI S I N
A D V E N T U R E S,
S :ANH WONDER FCJL
SL- I F E
o rF
SROBINSONCRUSOE,
Of YoRK, MARINER.
a 0Nx T A I N I I o'
A full and particular Account how his Ship
was loll in a Storm, and all his (Compar.-.
ions were Drowned, and he only was cdft
upon the Shore by the Wreck ; and how heo
lived eight and twcnty Years in an unin-
habiid Ifland, on the Cuaftl of America, &c.
.*.,w i1 I, ft, *
A true Relation how he was at lafl miracu.
luufly preferred by Pirlates, &c. &c. &c.
PRINTED at =Drtft, MASSACHUIUETTI,
And SOLD at theW'I)RCE trERj BOOksrOOE.
It 795.,
10 img010.jpg
PREFACE.
M thir new atridrnment of the ,,n'de-fil life and
7.0/t jurppl.ng adventure; eif v,, tz nj,' Cu/ie,
I think viivfi/f oUrged to acquaint tihe reader,
7k, et :,h p'*yle care has ken. taken I. p .:, .:A
hiflnry attiree, to curreS Jfime wnlaktr ina t,.rm,
ian. irfl.ons, and to add a cowUd-,abl, nuwit, eoJ
ladl and mat. ril ofe7rvatzons that h..te of t.e ,-
"urred, and were never publfked bat! in this cdi-
tion, ;
The general fucccfs and the jufil applaufc tIl
rVork at large haj met with, render I" netdt.'r /fr
we to Jay any ihsn in ts omnmendation ; nur do
J think the weak exceptions that haue bhrn made a-
gainf thbe pofMibiliiy of thetflory, de/rie any oh.
Jervation. lihiat if thewhole i'a (a is fiu tjq'tled)
a were fi&ion ? Yet the defign is /.fju/,li, carried
On, and Jo intrfperfed with curious obferiatscn
and moral refefliuons, that allperfn .-n, who have any
itafle Jr the metaphorical way sf writirg, v.ft
allow this a maflerpiece, and I rvillvetsure to.fy,
ithe lirfl and beft of the kind that ever aplc'ared pi
the Englyfk language.
But as I hope Ithe performance riillfpjk ietc'r
ig its own favour than any body can prer ,'J t? o di,
JJiall not trouble the reader, nor nyfelf, r.ai/ Li fle-
lefs apologies, or attempt to peijuade any oae into
an t/.mc-n ij a w'akft uruzserjally eitenad.
Let th: i tidIgmentl. I. huh ir crimiratled into ar
arrow a (vnipajs as pcfiMbe. he but read over w'th
thoft ernafi .,ratis and /* datenefi a.hth tMe n'sire
Cif the d-j'gn dt.'>,'s. and tiun there is iu dtibi to
A.- made, bit the .,:nalid radtjr 'dlijfnda fifficient
return both for his trouble and exper. Ic; and
zoitA thrft, camilions, avd tonl this prefiumptlion,
JIf/uhit te fil'!owzngjctas to si pcrufai.
11 img011.jpg
LL > .
:-T I i-] r '
t 1
K AN 1 ADV W4NTURES
ROB S Iq G' CRUSOE.
HE that pretends to publish to the world an
account of his own life and adions, is
doubtlefs under the ftrongeft obligations to
co-ifine himfelf within the ftriaeft rules of
modefty and truth : And this, I can aTffurethe
public, I moft folemnly determine to do in
the following narration.
I was born at York, in the year 1632, of a
reputable family. My father was a merchant,
born at Bremen ; his original name was
Kreutznaer, which for the fake of the Englifh
pronunciation, was afterwards changed into
Crufoe. My mother's name was Robinfon, a
native of the county of York ; and for that
reafon I was called Robinfon, after her maid-
en name.
I was the youngest of three brothers. The
eldeft was an officer, and killed in the wars in
the Low Countries ; and the other I could
never learn any thing of. My father intend-
ing me for the law, particular care was taken
of my education : But all the pains and ex-
penfe were to no purpose ; my inclinations
4. were
12 img012.jpg
6 'R 0 B I A SO
were bentann.:her wayi, wand r.,'tlhirn u o.u1
ferve myturn, but at all hazards, 1 mult co to
lea. ",
My father and mnrhclr were bF'h i(_!6ntl!,-
againft it, and ufed a thoufand arguments to
di;ffutade me ; but it was all to no Furpofe My
resolutions were fo firmly fettled, that neither
the intreatic .f 3 ni.,ft te r,. r father. nor the
tears of an afi.:ii'ima:e r.r)h ir, c'.iild make a-
nyimpreffior i1..' me.
I was then about nineteen years old, when
nmeetiag with one of my fehoolfellows at Hull,
who was going with his father, who was maf-
ter of a fhip, to London, I acquainted him
with my refolutions, and he readily promifed
me I should have a free paffage, and be pr;-
vided with all other neceffaries fuitable to the
voyage. Accordingly, without imploring a
bleffing of my parents, I took shipping on the
firft of September, 1651.
Our fhip was hardly got clear of the Hum-
ber, when we were overtaken by a violent
form ; and, being extremely feafick, I began
to reflect upon my father's good advice, and
the happinefs of a middle fate of life which
he propofed to me ; refolving, if ever I should
be fo happy as to fet my feet again upon dry
land, that I would return to my parents, and
beg their pardon, and bid a final adieu to my
wandering inclinations.
Thefe were my thoughts during the ftorm :
But that was no fooner over, but my good
refolutions decreafed with the danger, particu-
larly when my companion, coming' to me, afk-
ed me if I was not a little frighted by the
form, yhich as he expreffed it, was only a
cap
13 img013.jpg
C R U S, 0O%'.
cap L.il ,r wind. C..--in bv-ys fayss he)
turn out, fee what fine weather we have now,
and a good bowl of panch will drown all
your paft forrows."
in fhort, the punch was made, and I got
fairly drunk, and then all my former refolu-
tions and notions of returning home vanished.
I remained hotheaded federal days, until I
was roufed up by an accident, that had very near
put a final end to my wandering refolutions.
Upon the fixth day, we came to an anchor
in Yarmouth road where we lay windbound
with feveral other veffels from Newcaftle ;
but there being fafe anchorage, aLd cur
fip being tight, and our cables good,
the sailors defpifed all dangers, and were as
merry in this ftlation as if they had been on
fhore. But on the eighth day there arofe
fach a strong gale of wind as prevented our
riding up the river, which ftill increasing, our
fhip rode forecaftle in, having fliipped federal
large feas.
It was not long before a gefieral horror feiz-
ed the feamen ; and I heard the mailer ciy,
Lord have mercy upon us, we hall all be loft !
For my part, I kept my cabin, very fick, till
the dreadful apprehenfions of fudden death
made me come upon deck, and there I was ter-
ribly affrighted indeed.
The fea went mountains high, and nothing
was to be expected but unavoidable deftruc-
tion. Two of the hips had already cut their
mals by the board ; two more had loft their
anchors, and were forced out to the mercy of
the temper ; ,and we, to fave our lives, were
forced
14 img014.jpg
$ R o I S ON
forced to cut away both -oUir" forcmaft and
mainmaft.
It is eafv to judge the condition I was in,
who being but a frefh water failor, was in a far
worfe cafe than any of them. Our fhip was
very ftrong, but, as I underflood by them, too
heavy laden, which made the failors cry out,
She would founder.
The form continued extremely violent ;
and in the middle of the night I could hear
fome crying out, That the fhip had fprung a
leak ;" others, That therewas four feet water
in the hold." I was ready to give up the ghoft
through fear, when on a fudden all hands
were called to the pump, and I among the
)eiL.
wit __ __
Whilft we were all in this confufion and
diftrefs, the after happened to efpy fome
light colliers, and fired a gun asa final of our
nsifery. I was not then a failor good enough
to know the meaning of the gun ; but I fcon
understood it was a token of ourextreme dan-
ger, and I mufl freely own it is impoffible for
me to describe the agonies I laboured under.
Ha-lppy
15 img015.jpg
C R U S 0 E.
Happy it was for u% that in the Qora, they
regarded our signal, and with a great deal of
hjrard put nut zheir long boat, and by Won-
derful Providence faved our lives, bat with the
create difficulty ; fur we had hardly g.oL. into
the boat, but we faw our flip fii-k to the bot-
torn, and we had infallible been every foul
drowned if they had not come in that very
nick of time to our affififance.
It was not without a great deal of danger
and difficulty that they recovered their own
qlip. However, they made a fhik to land us
at a place (ailed Cromcr, near \%interton
lighrhoufe ; from whence we all walked in a
moltl miferable drowned condition to Yar-
meuth,'where the good people furnifhed us
with neceffaries either for London or Hull.
I haveoften thought linee, that it was very
Arrange that after thefe great misfortunes at
getting out, I did not (like the prodigal) return
to my' father, who having heard of the fhip's
misfortune, had all the reafon in the world to
ihink I was !ofR. Bnt my ill fate flill pushed
me on in fpite of all the firong convictions of
reafon, confcience and experience.
After three days flay at Yarmouth, I met
the young man that invited me to go on boaid
v.-with his father. I found his face and his be-
haviour very much altered ; and I found like-
wife he I*i told his father who I was, and
that 1 had taken this voyage only for a trial,
in order to proceed farther abroad hereafter.
When theold man faw me, lays he, '" Young
man, you ought never to ai tempt to go to fear
any more ; for, depend upon ii. you never
willbe prcfpcrousin a feafairing condition.
You,
16 img016.jpg
to I' 0 B 1 N S 0 .V
You fee what ill fuccef. Heaven has l"t beforL
your eves ; and perhaps our miL-uorune mn.i'
in C.mie meafure be owing to you. Plav, (add-
ed hel tell me truly upon what move VOU
firft undertook this voyage." Upon thls I
told him the whole; atthe end of' -vhich
ihe broke out into the following exclamani!on:
Oh, yeeternal powers wh:,t ,re:itt offence.
have I committed, ilit I Ihould take fuch a
defperate, ibniidoncd wretch intomv fhip, that.
ihas brought al; ihele tmileries and misf.'iiunei
upon me !" After his patffionr .S a little a-
bdtcd, priceeded--" Y-ung man, depend upt n
Jt, if you do rnot return, anrid submit to your
parents, wherever you go, the anger of God
will certainlypurfue you. and you will meet
with nothing but ruin and difalier, until you ri
father's words are fulfilled upon you." And
io he left me.
I And now again I had fome notion ofreturn-
ing home: But that was quickly overruled by,
a foolish opinion,that if I did, my neighbours
and acquaintance would laigh at me. So
firange is the nature of youth. that th.,ugh
theyoftendo foolifli things without either
fhiame or reminorfe, yet at th'- fami time they
are ashamed to own their folly, and repent.
In fhort, I made the heft of my w -y to Lon-
don, being at all hazards reful ved upon a \'oy-
age ; and being acquainted wh the captain,
of a Ihip, a voyage 1 foon heard of to the coalt
of Guinea. Having fame money, and appeat-
ing like a gentleman, I did not go on hb-oard
like a common failor, but foon got fo far into
the captain's Favour, that he told me I should
be his mcTffinatc, and should have full libeity
17 img017.jpg
C R U S 0 E. it
tn carry with rue what merchandi;fe I fhouid
think fit, and todifpofe of it to my own advan-
tage.
I was wonderfully pleaded with this kind
offer. and concluded that now I had an op-
prorturiity of making my fortune ; and in or-
der nvmy vci)age I lent to my friends for
fciric inonev to lit me out ; who accordingly
remitted me forty pounds, which I laid out in
goods according to hi' diretiuns. He taL.i.sht
ine to keep a journal, and fever'l of the mo:
ulefal parts of navigation. And indeed, by
his alillarnce and my own induftrv, in. this
.i ,agre I became both a ILill.'r and a merchant.
Part of this voyage I was exccffively fick of
a calenture, Occfiioned by the heat of the cli-
miite, being in the latitude of almost 1, de-
grees north or the line. However, I reco\cr-
ed, and managed my, little flock fo sttll, that
I brought over with me fiv'e pounds and nine
ounces of gold dull, which pr-.duced at Lon-
don near three hundred pound. flti "l.
Soon after inN return, may good. friend the
captain died. Although this Wa a very great
grief to nme, yet I reliAved to go another voy-
age % ith his mate, who had got the command
of the fhip. This voyage provWd a very un-
faccefsful one. 1 rarriid with me ai.iut one
hundred pounds, and left the reft with the
captain's widow, arid Fo to lea we i.cnt. but
as we were tailing towards the Canary fiands,
we found we were chafed h,'v a Salee rover,
who in fpiie of all the fllil uc could make, in
a fhont time came up with us ; anid now there
.as no icmidy but to fight or be taken.
They
18 img018.jpg
2 R. 0 B I N S 0 A
They had 18 guns, and our fhip but 12.
however, about three in the afternoon, w,
came to an engagement. Many were ..i!lc1
on both fides ; but at length being overp.vc-
ed by theirnumbers, we were forced tol .; c.mir.t,
and all carried into Salee. Our men wei :.
fent to the Emperour'a court to be fold ; but
the captain of the pirate, taking a particular
liking to me, kept me. for his own flave
It was in this miferable condition that mi'
father's words came afrefh into my rer-.r.'.
brance, and my thoughts were continually' a;
work to make my efcape. My pabt,. u
trusted me with the management of his :-,ji;
and houfe ; and -indeed I was not w,':11
hopes but at fome time or other an op'.:uri.-
tymight offer. The worft of it v.'a., I iail
no mortal to communicate my thought[ to ;
and fo for two years, I could find 1'.-.in
pra&icable.
In length of time, I found my p.'.. ''
grown fo poor, that he could not fit .c: '.,i
fhip as ufual ; and then he ufed c.-.a..
once or twice a week to go out a fifhnig, i.L-
ing me and a Morifco boy to row the boat:
and fo much pleaded was he with my dytr.r:t.
in :..i.;,, that he would often fend E; \\'i-!
Moor, his kinfman, and the boy, to ctch fK..
for him.
One morning as we were at the fpc-. ti-'.'-,
arofe fo thick a fog that we loft our w ;.-.A
rowing all night, when it was light we fc'.,-
ourfelves at leaft two league in the cre-n .
however, we made a fhift to get on ll.cr-.,
But, to prevent the like misfortune for t! e fu-
ture) my patron ordered g carpenter to L'.
_" I *. *-
19 img019.jpg
C R U S 0 E.
lUttle ftate room in the middle of the long
boat, with a place behind tk. fteer, and other
conveniences to keep out the weather.
In this he wouldoften take us out a filing ;
and one time particularly, he invited three or
four 1,erfons of diflintlon to go along with
him, and made extraordinary preparations for
their entertainment : Providing alfo three fu-
zees, with a fufEcient quantity of powder and
{hot, that they might have fome fport at fowlinq,
as they paffed along the more. The next morn-
ing the boat being in readinefs, on a fudden
their minds altered. However, my patron
ordered us to go and catch a dith of fifh ; for
that he was refolved his guefts should fup with
him.
And now it was that I began to think of my
deliverance ; and in order to it, I perfuaded
the Moor to. get fomre provisions on board,
and alfo fome powder and fhot to {hoot cur-
lews, which were very plenty in thofe parts.
I took care to provide privately whatever elfe
I could think was the moft neceffary for the
p-refent expedition, refolving to make my ef-
cape. or perim in the attempt.
When we were paft the castle, we fell to
7..-.., and I flood farther into the fea ; and
when we were got at leaft a league, I gave the
boy the helm, and feized Muley by furprife,
and-threw him overboard : Muley (faid I)
I never designed you any harm, and feek
nothing but my redemption ; I know you are
able to fwirn to fhore ; but if -you offer to
follow me, that very moment I will foot you
through the head :" Upon which he inflant-
B ty
20 img020.jpg
14 1 R O B I N S8O N
ly turned about, and I make no doubt but fit
got fafe to fhore.
J-- # ------------ '.
r k IN
,.-.-'-.
S _. V l.
This adion frighted the poor boy e'.c'ed-
ingly ; however, I foon eafed him of hi- feir,
by telling him if he would be a goc ,i I'',
and fwear by Mahomet, and the beard (.F his.
father to ferve me faithfully, I would be 'cry
kind to him." The poor child feemed '.1-
derfully pleafed with my promife, and re ., il.
consented ; and from that time 1 began to
love him entirely.
We purfued our voyage, keeping flUll en
the Barbary coaft ; but in the dufk -'F ii
evening, 1 changed my courfe, steering "',r t-
ly S. and by E. that we might always b-' n. -,
the Pfhore ; and having a-pleafant gale, I f.--indl
the next day, by three in the after Cor. ',
were 150 miles beyond the dominioni f 'c h
emperor of Morocco ; yet fill I w:u, u:-d.r
dreadful apprehensions of being reta.e.
I continued failing for five days .eete.,
until I concluded that if any veffel % a- .n 'pur-
.fuit f me; I was gotfo f ar to the Lih'wrd
thba1
21 img021.jpg
C RI U S 0 E.
that they would not think proper to follow
me any farther.
After all this fatigue, I anchored in the
mouth of a little river ; but where I knew
not, neither could I fee any people to make
the difcovery. What I chiefly wanted was
frefh water, which I refolved to go on fhore
to find out as foon as it grew dulkifh : But no
foonerdid it begin to grow dark, but we heard
fuch cowlings and yellings of wild beafts and
morfters, that I muft needs own I was exceed-
ly terrified.
Poor Xury paffionately begged me not teo
go on fhore that night. The boy had a great
deal of wit ; for which, and fome broken
English which he had learned among the cap-
tives of our nation, I was mightily pleafed
with him. Neverthelefs, the cowlings, and
bellowings were fo dreadful that we had but
little reft that night ; and to add to our confu-
fion, we discovered one of the monsters
making towards us ; upon which I took up
one of my guns and ihot at him, whether I hit
him or not, I cannot fay-but be made towards
the fhore, and the noife of my gun increased
the ftupendous noife of other Monfters.
The next morning I refolveA to go on fhore,
and at all hazard. get foine frefh water.
The poor boy would have taken one of the
jars and fetched fome ; but I refused, tell-
iong him we would both go together and
take the fame fate ; and accordingly we took
our arms, and two jars for water, and away
we went.
I did not go out of fight of the boat for fear
the favagea should come down the river inrt
their
22 img022.jpg
x6 R, Q B I A- S 0 .V1
their, canoes, and take it away ; buit the boy-
feeing a vale a little farther, ventured to it,
and returning with precipitation, I thoueri,
that he was either p; li uedi by the [a'..a!,*r
fome wild beat ; upon which I ran tuw.io''.'s
hint, refolving to perilfh, or preserve hin ;
lkut as he/came nearer to me, I faw a creatuie.
hanging at his back, like one.ol our har-;.
but fi,-etli;nr larger, which prove I I.-, h.; ,-.d
and wholefome meat, and what add -.1 m.u!t t
ourjoy, the boy affured ma that theie wai
plenty of frefi water in the very ,.ie-ik w hc.e
the boat lay.
In this place I began to eonfid.:r thit thic
Canary ;flandi and Cape deVeid cml! .not
be far off ; but having no inl I LIf I I, 1 1 1. iC
not in what latitude we were, or wh.-,i 1o
ftand off tn fea for them. My hop-, %,et.: t.3
meet rim- ,-rthe Englilli trading vc-d'Iis, that
would conri-queiitiv take us in, ard irl -ve us.
The place I was in was doibtli.is that wild
uninhabited country that lies between the em-
peror of Morocco's dominions -rnd the ne-
groes it ahoUndswith wild beat; of all lurt'.
and the MNo'rs ufe it for hunting. Fr,.,m this
I thought I fi' mount Teneriffe in tL,e Ca-
naries, and tried twice to fleer my co-,'jrf-' rlat
way, bit was as .t.-ii dtin bckl., and c.m-
pelled to feek rnm, Lrtune ahni tho h.,e.
- One moniing Nery early we c-iTme t., n an-
chor at a I'n.,l1 point, and the tid- b-L-nn ing
to flow, We were preparing to go fithrr i, ;
but Xury, whofe youthful and pcneirating
eyes faw farther than I, defired me to keeD
, t to fe-a. or we fh6ould be d--.:uicited. Forr
;jo0k yrnder, mnafter (faid hi. arid lce dat hjee
ri- onler
23 img023.jpg
C R U 8 0 E.
monftler faft afleep on de fide of de hill: He
pointed to the place, and I discovered a lion
of pr..d i,-.ua fize balking himself under the
fhade of a hill. "Xury (faid I) you hall go
on flinre and kill him ;" the boy looked a-
mazed ; Me kill him (faid he) he eat me at
one mouth," meaning mouthful. Upon which
I took mv higgelr gun, and charging it well,
Ihot at him, anid broke one of his legs ; and
then with a fhot from my other gun I killed
him.
But the flefh of this creature not being
good for food, I thought this xv ws pending
our ammunition invain ; indeed 1 thought the
Ikin when it was dry, might be of oin_"m ufe,
and fo determined to .ie a it off, which took
up a whole day to effef.
From thence we went to the fouthward, re-
folving to live fparinolv on our provisions,
and gq on fhore as feldom as poffible, my de-
fign being to reach Gambia or any other place
about the Cape de Verd, in hopes to meet
fame European f-ip ; and if Prjvidtice did
B 2 tot
24 img024.jpg
8 1 R 0 B I N S 0 A
not favourme in this, my next resolution was
to feek for the islands, and venture myfeif a-
mnong the Negroes ; for without one of thefe,
I could have no other profpe& but flarving.
As we wte failing pretty near the fhore,
we could difcover federal people upon :r,
lookmifg after us. We could perceive they
were blacks, naked and unarmed, all except
one, who had formething in his hand like a
flick, which Xury told me was a lance, with
which they could kill at a great dirlance. I
was incliaable to have gone on fhore, but Xu-
ry cried 44 No, no." IHowever, I drew as
ne3i to the fhore as I could, end talked to
them by figns. till I made them fenfible I
wanted fomnething ; they made figns to me to
flop my boat, whilI two of them ran up into
the country, and in lefs than half an hour
brought me two pieces of dry flefhi, and foame
corn, which we kindly accepted ; and to
prevent any fears, they laid it down, and
went and food at a diftancc t!il we had fetch-
ed it on board, and then came clofe up to us
again.
But while we were returning thanks to
them, being all we could afford, two mighty
creatures came from the mountains in purfuit
of each other ; they pafred the negroes with
great fwiftnefs,andjumped directly into the fea,
wan -tonly swimming about, as if the water had
put a 'top to their fury. At lad one of them
coming nearer to theboat than I desired, I took
one of my guns and let fly at him and killed
him.
I cannot exprefs the conflernation of the
,or Negroes, upor.n heariIg the report of the
gun ; ..
25 img025.jpg
C ,I U S 0 E. 19
gun ; nor their furprife at feeling the creature
flain by it. I m rn.. figns to them to draw it
out of the water by a rope, which they ac-
cordingly did ; and then I perceived it to be
a beautiful leopard, which made me defirous
of the fkin ; and the Negroes being no lefs
defirous of the flefh, I freely gave it them.
As for the other (which was iikewife a leop-
ard) it made back to the mountains with
.-" :'.: !, fw iftnefs.
'i; groes having furnifhed us with the
Left provisions that the nature of the country
ard circurnftances would -allow, I took my
leave of them ; and in eleven days fail I came
in fight of Cape de Verd, or thofe iflands that
go by that name ; but could not by any means
reach either of them. Upon which I grew ex-
tremely deje&ed ; when Xury (with a fort of
terror) cried out, Maitro, Mafiro, a great
fip with a fail !" I foon perceived fhe was
a Portuguefe, and, as 1 conjetured, bound to
Guinea for Negroes ; upon which I ftrove all
1 could to come up with them ; but all my
ftriving had been in vain, if they had not hap-
pened to efpy, and fnortened their fail to flop
for me.
Encouraged by this, I fet up my ancient,
and fired a gun, -both as fignals of diftrefs;
upon which they kindly lay to, till I came up
with them. It happened there was a Scotch
sailor on board, to whom I made my cafe
known ; and then they took me into their
fhip.
You may well imagine my joy was exceed-
ingly great for this unexpected deliverance .
ofpecially when I found the captain of the
1hip
26 img026.jpg
*o I 0 B I N S O N
fip was very kind and compaffionate to mf
to whom, in return for his Irridlllnp, I ofer.
ed all I had, which he gcri r.-.ily refusedi
telling me, his Chriftian charity tai-iht hi
better. Thefe effe&s you ha'e 'Ia. h
will be a means to support you w hen v.u
eome to the Brazils, and 'provi.l-' f-.r N,.tr
pji'i._ h,.me to your native counir." An,
indeed he aaed with ftri&t juflce to rne in
all refpe&ts.
He bought my boat of me, and m".-' m hi'
note to pay me eight pieces,of ;lIt for iL
when we came to the Brazils. He ji Io !av
, me fixty formy boy Xury, fromwhlm 1 prt'
ed with great relucance ; howe e:-. th.' bov
being willing, I agreed he fhould be fat Jt
liberty after ten years service.
SWe arrived at the bay of All Suini., after
22 days fail. The good man wolld n.ot take
any .hing for my paffage. He 3'.:e me '-o
ducats for thee leopard's fkin, and 4.' forlhe
lion's. Ei. :,v thinghe caufed to he dei ered'
and what I would fell he bought. In flort
I made 2o0 pieces of my fmall cargo ; t!ri
with this little flock, I began as it w ,:re to en.
ter anew into the world.
He iecommiended me to an honefIt r!anter,
with whom I lived till I had mfi'T med my,
felf in the manner of planting and in Linn
fugar ; and obferving the great auiv.irntae. cA
that bufinefs, I refolved to get 'he money |
had left behind me in Ernglind remiticd, dnd
to buy a plantation.
In fhort, I purchafeda plantation adjolninr
to an honeftPortu-,ucfe, born of Enrltfh pa
rents, whom upon all occasions I found a very
kL-nd
27 img027.jpg
C A U, S 0 Z.
kiad and ufeful neighbour. Our flocks at"
firflt were both very low ; nel erthelefs, by our
i'dufty andcare, in a fhort time -we made
confiderabTe impro'.cmtnts. and began to grow
rich. And now it was I repented the lols
of my dlear bov Xury ; having no mortal to
affiftl me, nor any body to converfe with but
my neighbour. ,
I was in fime ncafsire fettled, before the
captain that took me, up, left the Brd.,ils. One
4ay I went to him nd i,..idl him'what ftoek.I
had left in London, and defied his afiftance
ir. getting a remitldnce : To which the good
gentleman c:,div cornienited, but would havw
in' ,I .ly fend for l.]IC, t. Il it fhoild nmilcarry,
ard if it diJ the reft would fiipport me. So
taking letters ..f prccuraLicnii froin me. he af-
fjr.-d me he would I r.c me to tie uimull of his
power, and in truth he kept hiis word, and
C': c:tremelv kind to me on all occasions.
Ard n,'-,w my wealth began to increase aL
pce : and in this Itte I might have lived
very happy, if my ambition and roving Incli-
nation had not had too great power over me.
I had now lived fom.e years in the Braails ;
and I not only learnt the lanrIiiage, but con-
ra,'cd an aicquiintance -with several of the
Tr.oft ernrincii retchants at St. S.ilvadore, to
whom relating the manner of my two vOyages
to Guinea, arid the great ad'arta"c i*f trading
iin thofe part, they rave Lfuch earnefl.,;ittntioti
uto what I Iaid, that thiiee came one morning,
and told me that tl-ev hld a mind to fit out a
ihip to go to Guinea, and if I would Qo heir
fipecargro; and manage the trade, I fliould
Sha c
28 img028.jpg
lt R O B I S S. N
have'an equal fliare. wiKhout putting in and
Thisi.took to be fo fair a proposal, that
upon condition they would look after rnv
plantation in my abfence, I c-_nfented to it
and accordingly, a fhip being fitted out, and
all things in readinefs, we fet fail the: f. r of
S- ptc rnber. i 695,.ftcering northward up.-.n the
c, all of Afica. But many days we hAd not
fi!ed, before we were overtaken b< a vNilei
fl-rm, which lafted 12 days fItcceiI'-ivey7
When the weather cleared, we f-iu.ni nur.
felves 1i degrees in the northern Latiude, up-
on the coat of Guinea,; uponwhich i h,: cap.
lain rai e reafons for returning, wh-ch 1 op,
polcd, counfelling him rather to !t1iLid away
for barbid.-.cs, where I jldg,.:,' w.- mi,;ht ail:
rive in fifeen dav;. So altering ci, course
we lecicd wellward, in order to rraih the
Leeward Iflands ; and here it was we wrcie o-
vertaken by a terrible :emnpcl.
In this great diftrefs, one of our me,, cried
out, Land, land !" When, Io.-,1 Ing out
that very moment, we found ou, Ihp was
firLck up-n thlie fand, and expected we Cihoul.1
fit.k, and thait we should be all inimmtdiatclvi
loft. Weknew not.wherewewere di %ern. ind
what was Worfe, were certain the Ilimr cold
n.it hri,.1 out many moment's lor.,-vi.
\VWhillf we were looking upon one another,
exoetting death every moment, the mate, affi fl-
ed by the crews hauled out the Ir-.n boat, and
eleven of uw committed ourfelvCS 'o [he fury ol
the fea, ond God'i metcy. We foon found thai
this hlta effort wai to no purpose ; for the tem1
peff was fo violent, and the fri.i ran lo very hig
thar.
29 img029.jpg
C R U 0. .2
ihat it wasimpofftible for the boat to live. When
we bad been driven abou a league, came a
prodigy ous wave .fLern, arid ove.let us in an
inllanr, tlo lhat -e had hard y tLime 10to call upon
God to receive our loul.
Wbhcnr men aie firuggling with the pangs of
death. they are comrnmonlv infenfible : But the
cale %as qu.re different A ith mre ; for while I
,was .ve .r helmed with the water, I had the
maol dre4dfut appicherdlions. and the joys of
Jicaven and the torments of hel! were alicrnate-
lv, in my thought', and e( flli 1 kept lItriving
on, while all my. corn aniiona we've Itll, till the
wave had fpent nleif,and. tetiring, had thrown
me upon 'he fhboie, half dead with the great
quantityii of water I .ad taken in during rny
firuggling ; however. I got upon my feet a: fal
as I could, jell antihcr ,%asc itiould carry me
back : Biut notwithf(landing I made all the (peed
I could, yet another wave came, which doalhed
meagainll a piece or a rock in luch a furious
minanner that it made me lerilelef : However
(recovering a little bt fore the tleurn of the next
wave, which' would dotit-ilel' have carried me
off) I held faft hold of the rock tnilthe lucceed-
ing wave abated, and then I made l-,ifi to teach
the main land ; where. tired and almofi [pent,
I fat down cuntemplating the manner of my
prefer prefeivation.
At'fer I had iciurned my thanks to almighty
Cod for this a.cndcrful pitferation, I began :oa
Icok about me, to corniider A hat place I was in,
and % hat was next to be done in order to ny
future fublifence. I could neither lee huufe
nor people ; wet and hungry, and nothing to
help me, not lfo much as a weapon to defend ma
a~ainLt
30 img030.jpg
4 RO BI 0 S O .N'
again the wild beat. In fort, l had not o n
in the world but a knife, a nohrt tobacco pyp
and a box half full o.f tobacco ; and what wn
worle, night coming on, 1 was under very gie
apprehenli.hun' ol being devoured by wild bea
that 1 hera hrGwlinre and oaring round abc,
me; fo that I had no protpekt but to eYpec a
other kind of death more terrible than that
had lo lately elcaFed. In this diltrels, I walk-
about a furlong into the country to leek frefc
writer, which 1 luckily happened upon; lo, tal1
ing to a tree, I heated myle!f I; that I could no
fall, and there I flept ild morning.
It was day light before I left my apartment it
the tie; when, coming down, and looking
round, I perceived that the tempw f1 was ceafec
and that the fhip was driven io the rock when
I escaped ; and looking. further, I lav thefhip')
boat lying about a mile to the right, where th
waves had caf her up.
I hoped to have got to the boat ; but the wa
tar between tiat and the fbi-re ren-lered that inm
practicable. So i tIrued again tow.rds the hip
in hopes to get something from thence for ml
present fubfillence.
At all hazards I refolved to get to the fhip'
and fo, stripping, leaped into the water, anr
fwimming round her, I had the good fortune t
efPy a roe hanging .o lowv down that I couli
reach t : By the help of 'liiich. with Iomedif
ficuitv, I got into the Forecaftle. Here I founl
that the fthip was bulged, her head listed u
against a bank, and her flern almoft in their
icr ; all her quarter, and what was there, wet
free and dry ; and I found the pr:viifins n
loodI
31 img031.jpg
C R UL S 0 "F !5
good order, and wanted nothing but a boat to
LaTr',' what I had occasion for.
NecelTrtv, which is the mother of invention,
put a projed into my head. There were on
board several I'pare yalds., a Ipare topmaft or
tvso.and three large fparsof wood. \\Withh thefe
I fell 1o work, flinging as many of them over-
board as 1 could manage, and tied them to-
gether that they might not drive away. When
this was done, I tied them together in form of a
raf', and laid three or four fhort pieces of plaok
on them croliways. I found it would bear me,
but ,ery little weight besides ; and ro, to
tirieogthen my raft, I cut a topmaft into three
or four lengths, and added them to it ; and
then I considered what ws molt proper to load
it with, it being then capable of carrying a tol-
er.able weight.
-'a- ..___ _-___=.
-c
,a7
32 img032.jpg
26 ROB IN S O Nr
At firit, I laid upon it all the boards I co60I
get, and then I lowered down three of the fea-
men's chests, and filled them with provisions of
ail forts. I found clothes enough, but then I
took no more than my prefent occafion re-
quired.
My concern was chiefly upon tools to work
with, and fire arms and ammunition ; and ac-
cordingly I found in my fearch, the carpenter's
cheft, and in the great cabin fome fire arms and
ammunition, all which I put on board ity
raft ; and o, with two broken oars, &c. I put
to feast.
Though every thing at firft feemed to favour
my defign, yet after I had failed about a mile, [
found on a fudden the forepart of my raft run
aground, fo that it was with the greatest diffi-
culty imaginable I kept my cargo tight togeth-
er ; and indeed if I had not been extremely dil-
igent and careful, all had been loft and funk in-
to the fea : But after tome time, Providence fo
ordered it, that at the rifing of the water my
raft floated again, and fo I happily landed my
. effecs.
Not far from the place where I landed, which
was at the mouth of a little cave, I discovered a
very high hill, furrounded with a great many
little ones and thither refolved ta go and
view the country, and fee what place was prop.
er for me to fix my habitation in ; and accord-
ingly, arming myfelf with a fowling piece, a
piftol aud fome ammunition, I afcended the
mountains, and there found I was in an ifl-
and, being surrounded by the fea. It feemed to
be a barren uncultivated country, and only in-
habited by wild .:?..
Returning
33 img033.jpg
C R U S 0 E.
Returning afterwards to my raft, I got my
goods on fhore; and being very much afraid of
the wild beats, 1 made a fort of fence or barri-
cade about it, which I thought might in fome
meafure secure me against the dangers I was
apprehenfive of and fo that night I fleptvery
comfortably, and the next morning when I
awaked, I refolved to go again to the fhip to get
fuch other neceffaries in as 1 had molt occa-
fion for, before another form came, when I
knew fhe muff be dashed to pieces.
In order to this second expedition, I mended
my raft where I found it defective, and brought
away from the (hip a great many other tools,
clothes, ammunition, and whatever elfe I
thought moft neceffary for my future preferva-
tion and fubfiftence. Then I made hafte to
fhore, fearing the wild beats might come and
devour what I had already landed.
When I had landed all the second cargo, I
fell immediately to work to make me a little
tent, and fortified it in the beft manner I could,
to fecure myfelf as much as poflible against any
fudden attempt either from man orbeaft. Af-
ter this, I charged my fire arms, blocked up the
doors, and laid the bed I had brought from the
Phip upon the ground, and flept as comfortably
as though I had been in my native country.
But fill the thoughts of my future fubfiftence
and prefervation were uppermoft in my mind ;
and therefore I went to the fhip as often as pof-
fible, and brought away every thing I thought
could be of any ufe ; and indeed had fo t'ored
rnyfelf, that I judged I was tolerably provided
for for a confiderable time.
34 img034.jpg
a8 B B I .NS 0 N
I had now been eleven days in the ifland, an 4
as man"y time on board the [hip ; as I was go-i
oing the t.wvelfih time, the wind began to rile ;
however. I ventured at low water, and with
[one dilliculty reached the [hip, and rummag-
ing the cabins I found several other neceffaries,
and among other things above 6l. lcrling IM
pieces of e ght ; which, considering my present
circurnmflanc.--, 1 concluded % as of Imall value
to me ; however, I wrapped it up in a canvas
rag; and perce.v:ng the liorm began to mncreafe,
with all that I was able to cai-y with me I
made the belt of my way to the (hore.
That night I flept very contentedly in myllt-
ile fortification ; but when I looked o,,t in the
mor..ning, I found that the fhip was loll. i was
very much concerned at this circumltance ;
but when I retlelied I had done every thing in
my power to recover what was ufefui to me, I
comforted myfelf in the bel manner 1 could,
and submitted myfelf entirely to the wtll ol
Providence.
And now my thoughts were wholly takecu up
how to defend and preserve myfelf frmn the
ravages and wild befts, which I was extieme-
ly apprehsnlive might be in fome part or other
of tins island : and at one time I thought to
dig me a c-_e, at another to build me A ctent ;
at Icngxh I resolved todo both, and accordingly
contrived in the following manner.
I eonfidered the ground where I was, was
mooriltb, and that 1 had no conveniences for
ftelh, water ; and therefore I determined to lind
a place more healthful and convenient: and, to
my greatt comfort 'nd hitis attion, I loon found
one that answered my expektattun,
35 img035.jpg
C R U S 0 -E. P9
The place was a little plainneara rifirig hill ;
1he eiont being as fleep as the fide of a houte.
On the ride of this rock was a little hollow
piece, relembling the entrance of a cav'e; jut
belote this plice I relo:ved my tent fhould
ariand. This plain was a hundred yards broad,
and twice ai long, ith a pleasant deFcent ev-
ery wWay to the feafide.. After this I drew-a
femicircie, containing about ten yards in thedi-
ameter ; and when that was done I drove a
row of flakes not above fix inches from each
uther ; and by the help of my cables which I
bi-j bi,_.ughr from the hIip, and lach other ma.
ri icals as 1 made ulc of, 1 made a lort of requ-
l.I foilification, which I concluded was in a
gfeat mealure impregnable againil any sudden
i.tiempis either of lavages or wild beats and,
for my better [ecurily, I would have no doors,
but came in by the help of a ladder, which i
mnde for that purpose.
Ino this little garrilon I carried all my flore
End ammunition, and aftervwaids continued to
work. I I not only made me a little cellar, but
likewise made my fortificatir-.n fionger b' the
earth and ftones I dug out of the rock. One'
day a fliower of rain falling, attended with
thunder and lightning, 1 was under terrible ap-
prehenliuns lelt my powder fhouid take fiie,
and not only hinder me from killing fowlh,
which were necctlaiy for my fubfiflence, but
tkejvife blow me up and my garailon at once ;
the quantity I had by me confifled of tiotb.
weight at lcafL Having thus efLablilhed my-
fc.lf as a king or the island, I went every day
with my gun to fee what 1 could kill that was
,fit to ei, aud loon perceived thcre were grect
C2 numbers
36 img036.jpg
3,3 R 0 1 S 0 N
numbers of goats, hut they were fby ; however
watching tihe very narrowly, I happened Io
fhuoL a ?xe goat as ihe was fucklinag her young!
one ; which, not- thMiking her damn killed. fol-j
Slowed me home to my enclofure. I lifted thei
kid over the pales, and v.oild willingly ha.oa
kept it,alive, but the roor creature reCtuliMg tI
eat, I was forced to kill it for my lubliitence..
Thus, entering imo as odd a Itie cf life asi
cvr befel an unfortunate man, I was cnnu-'
ally reflitaing upor the miery of mi, condition ;
till at length conrlidcering there was no remed,
and that was obliged to make tihe bell of 'a
bad market, _and withal rellettin, upmn the
many turnsof Providence in -,' particular prel-I
Civation, I grew more ledale and tempeiale.
It was, by the account I keot, the .3o0h of,
September when I -firll landed on this illarn..
About twelve days after, feariag I Fhujuld lohe
my reckoning of time, n i eIcn forget the .Sab-
bath, for want of e.n, ink and paper, I coived
it with a knife upon a large pult, in large let-
ters, fetLiILg it up in the fimiltuile of a crofi on
the ffIore where landed, viz. I arne Io bhore,
September 8Q, 1650." Every day I cut a notch
on the fides of this fquare poll, and that for the
habbath was as long again as the rcft, and ev-
ery firftday of the monthli 1 kept my calendar,
in weekly, monthly and yearly teckonr.ing of
time. But had 1 made more lurift search (as I
afterwards did) I need not have fet up this,
mark ; for I found among the parcels belong-
ing to the gunner, carpenter, and captain's mate,.
thole very things 1 wanted, where I got not
only pens and ink, but likewife lea compares,
.n3 other mathemticalinftrum-ents ;tnd, above
a Il
37 img037.jpg
C RU-S 0 E. 3
all the reRf, three Englilfh Bibles, with Aeveral
other good Englif.h books, which I carefully
laid up, in older to naLe ule of them at proper
Intervals. But here I canont but call to mind
oar having a dog and two cats on board, whom,
1 made inhabitants wiLh me in my callie. But,
SnotwithilanJing I was thus plentifully fupplicd,
Sitll wanted several other neceffariCs, aS
nicdrics and thread, and more part'calarlv a
- p'cka.;e and thovi [fjr removing the earth, &c.
It was a lull year befot. I had finLflied my
Sllttle fuklica0ion : And ale, I had done that -
a jn i-.he bell manner tCe nature of the place and
n my circurnflarces would allow, I began to grow.
a little more familiar with my luolitade, and to
consider of the bell methods pofible to tender
ti' defolato date as eafy as I could. Anid here
iL was I began the following journal.
S,
J 0 U R N A L,
SEPITEMBER 0o, 165o, I was forced by
Shipwreck upon this defolate island, which
I called the lmand or De[pair. The nest day
I [pent in refleting on the milerablenefs of my
condition, which preflenited to me nothing but
Geath, and the worlt of deaths too, viz. either
to be flarved for want of vi'auals, or to be de.
vourecd by wild bealtis
Oaobe.
38 img038.jpg
3 R OB IN S 0 V
Oftoberr To my great comfoTt I di'coi
ered the Iiip driven to the Fnhore. from when
I had liome hopes that when the fl.oirm was i
stated I might iecov'er fornmething tuwaidi n
'relernt lIub'ilence : efpeciliv ci'n!iderng
thhrerved the fhip to10 lie in a g'eal inalure u
jih-t, a.d nne lide of her peifltt;v dry ; up(
vhch I fell inmmed,3Iely to wadingf; oer il
fands., and with great difirculiy and danger
got on board. 'Io thee ith of this month,
Jpent in making v'ovage- backwards and Co
-raids to arid from the Ip, Tip9 he weather keil
All the while vey \ tt and uncertain.
Oa. 20. NI raft with my goods was ovc
let ; miff' uf which however 'i recovered
low water.
Ott. .25. It blew a fort of lorrr, ind rai
ed hard, to that the ,'h'p daflied to p'eccs. ai
nothing of her was to be feen but the ve
hlull at low water ; and this dayv 1 though
it proper to fecure the effeas I ad prelerv
from tbe. caiher.
Ocl. -6. 1 wandered about to try if I coll
find a place proper to fix my abo'de and a
cordingly towards the evening, I iouid out
rock, where f judged I might ereti a wall an
ioitifyi m% (elf.
November i. I placed my tent by the fi
of a rock, and iook up my lodging in a hal
mr'ick, very contentedly, fur that night.
Nuov'. ,. I made a fence about my tent wi
timber cheftl and boards.
Nov. 2' I fliot tv.o wild fow,!. which pro
ed veiy good meat ; and th.- afternoon I ma
me t funt of a tabk.
Nov,
39 img039.jpg
C R USO E. 33
Nov. 4. I began to live regularly. In the
norni.g I walked cut for an hour or two, and
ifierwards wot ked till about two, then ate my
Itiner of fuch provisions as I had. After din-
ier I eornmoil' flept an hour or two; and th
leather being earemely hot, I could not go
o uork till tijuwrds the evening.
N'ov. I. went out, with my gun and the
Io[ I had brought out of the ihip. I Ihot a
vi',] ca'. --but her fleh was good for noth-
n-tjonly I p-eferved her fkin. I faw a great
luck of wild birds ; and was wonderfully ter-
ified at the fight of lome monflrous feals
vhich I faw on the fand, but as they faw mle
hey madecfl to fea.
Nov. q. I finished my table. From the 7th
a the i -'2th, the weather being fair, I worked
ery hard: Only I relied upon the t ith-
ihich according t may computation, I took
o be Sunday.
Nov. 13. The weather was very wet and
Lormnv, with tLhundej and lightning. Oa the
ith. I made provifiop to fecAre my powder--
.h'ch I per fetfled on the i4th and 15th. -The
7lh, 1 began to dig upon the rock, hbut was
Prevented lor want of proper implements:
\id on the i8th I found a tree, the wood of
vhich was very hard-and out of that with the
reatell alFicultv I made me a fort of fpade-
n doing it, I almoll foiled my axe, which
night have been of ill conlcqiuence.
Nov. 2?. When I had got my tools into
.he bell order I could, I I'pent a!l my time to
he ioih of December in hnifhing my cave ;
Lad lay in my tent every night, unless the
vcehtrc wi:. Io wet that I could not lie dry)---
40 img040.jpg
4 B o B I N S 0o N
Sand withal I had fo well ihatcr.ed it over wi
flags and til e lea'cis cf trees, &c. that I though
Tv-lelf lolelabi) secure.
-Dec. 10. I had no fooner finiffied mv h;
itation, hut a great part of the roof fell in u
or me, and it 'was a great mercy I had r
perifhled in the iuins : And indeed it gave i
a grgat deal of trouble before I repaired it
iettially-and after I had done what I could
I fpent several days in putting my things
order-and had variety of weather to the 271
Dec. 27. In my rounds I chanced to mt
foame goats. I fhot one of them. and IaoB
another, which I led home, and bound tip1
leg-in a little time it grew well, and was I
tame and familiar that it followed me cvl
where like a dog, which put the notion ii
msy head to bring upihele wild creatures as
ten as I could take them alive, that I ml
have flock to fubfift upon in cafe I should Il
after my powder was exhaufled.
SDec. 23, 29, 3o. The weather was Io ve
hot, that I was forced to keep within i
shelter.
January t. Though-the weather conlina
yery fultry, yet necel(ity compelled me :ol
abroad with my gun. In the valleys I fodi
great numbers of goats ; but they were fri v
fhy, I could by no means come at one
them. .
From jan. 9. to the 13th, my hufinefs
to search the ibind, and to finifh my wall.
my search I found great .nu -ztji ol fo4
much like o'ir Englifh pigeons. I Ihct Ca
of t.ein, whichh proveJ cxcllent food. A
nowi
41 img041.jpg
C R C ,S 0 C ,
,nw it was a providential Lhing h.ppened--
Shch was this
vr, dill I was rummaging my moveaLles, what
fmould fall into my hands but a bag, whch .
fuprofe might be made ule of to huld cinri fur
the Iowls in the (hip. I purpofcd to make u:o
oi it to hold lome oF the powder, and lo Ihook
but the duil and loole corn upon, one lide of
he rock, noi in the leafI lulpctting the conle-
uence. The rain had fallen in great quanti-
esa F ew days before And the month after,
o mv great lurprile, I discovered Iomeching
prior' up very green and flourtfhing and as I
:ame daily to view it, I faw several ears of
rteen b,rjev of the very famrne fize and Ihape
f t.ofe in England.
My thoughts were very much confused at
his unexpected fight : And I mull own I had
e vanity to imagine thai Providence had or-
ered this on purpofe for my fubfiflence.
greatt were my acknowledgments and Lhank-
inelks to almighty Cod, for his mercies to me
Sihis desolate place which were infiniielv
heightened, when, at ,he lame time. I oblerv-
Sl.orne rice tflalks, wonderfully green and
uu:ithing ; which made me conclude here
Iul[ conlequenily be more corn in the ifland ;
d accordingly I fpent several days in ledrching
r it ; when at length it came into my mind
lat I had shaken the bag on the vey Ipot
he.e thole blades of corn were glowing.
It was about the latte end of June before
efe ears of corn grew ripe ; and ihen I la'd
em up exceeding carefully, expeding I should
e day reap the advantage of this little ciop.-
hich I uifed all my injury to improve ; and
yet
42 img042.jpg
36 R O B I N S O V
yet it was four years before I could eat an.-,' bai
ley bread, and much longer before I hl.i an
benefit from my rice. Afier this, with ineifai
gable care and indufLrv, I finished m '.' %.I
ordering it fo that I had no way to go into Mn
fortrefs but by a ladder.
April 16. I finished my ladder, and wet.
up it, and pulled it after me, as I always d.d
and, in truth had fo well fortified myfeJf, hi
I was as I thought, indifferently well fecure
against any furprife ; nevertheless as I W. on
day fitting in my cave, there happened Luc
a ifudden earthquake, that the roof ofmv lt d
fortress, that I had finished with fo much I..ol
came tumbling down upon my head ; u;t
-which, with the greatest amazement, I n 1
ny ladder, and got out of my cave. and la
the top of a vaft rock fall into the le-i. at
expected every moment the whole if ar,, -. ou
be fwaliowed up.
In this affright I remained for fomrne r r. --n
till I perceived the fury of the motion L,.s'cn
abate ; but it was not long before I v.,. nir
2new a' prc- .r'F C-".:. on account ofa v r.il rt te
peft that attended it. This dreadful Cl.m co
tinued for about three hours, and the, -,.'-
fuch a heavy rain, that my tent was q)U!t_" v,
flowed; upon which I concluded my th-i i i
*was ill fituated, and determined, as fo in a- I
fible, to build me one in a more cor.-eni
place.
April 29,3o, were fpent in conirivvin; i o
and in what manner, I fbould fi x m\ re, ..
and here I was under the greateft conce
having no tools fitting forfuch anundertaki
- h u c \ r,
43 img043.jpg
C R U S 0 E.
a hcwever, I fpent federal days in whetting and
; ; .* : my tools.
May i. As I was walking along the fea
fide, I found a barrel of gun powder and di-
vers other pieces of ti-ie hiiY, which the vio-
lence of the late form had thrown on the
fand. I faw likewjfe the remaining part oF
the faip, thrown by the tempeff, very near
h the fhore, and refolved to get to her as icfoon as
I could ; but at that time i found it imprac-
ticable.
I continued to work upon the wreck till ths
L 4-h, and every day recovered fornmething that
would be of ufe to me, and got together fo ma-
ny planks, and fo much iron, lead and other
neceffaries, that, if I had had tools and fk.ii, I
r mght have bu'lt me a boat ; which was a
thing I very much wanted.
June .16. As 1 was firolling towards the fea4
.1 found a large turtle : The i7tn I ipent in
cooking it : I found in her 70 eggs, and the
fln the moft delicious mreat that ever I taftiled.
Thei8th, I flayed within the whole day, there
-being a continual rain, with forms of wind
and 1;ghtning.
Fro'n the i9th to the 27th of June, I was
very fick, and had g.t a terrible ague, which
often held ne for OniL or ten hours w-th ex-
tre nevio ,c On the i8t, 1'I began to re-
cover a litth-, bur was v ry retlrei' in the
night, and w.,s worfe ; as orlen as laid my
eyes together, iwas tormented with hideous
dreams ana dreaifa! aprarlions. It is irnpof-
faibe for me to exprefs the a40oi.es I was under
by the!r .repeated admonitions, as 1 took thetn
tq be, MyN father's advice and reprauof canne
X Mnao
44 img044.jpg
88 R O B I N S 0 N
into my mind, whether I would or not, ;;n4
Shocked me exceedingly, and would orfice
make me refle& that thejuflice of God follow.
ed me, and that fevere punishment wa' tuft,
ly owing to my disobedience and wicked life.
June 28. I flept pretty well moft patI of
the night, which refrefhed me very much :
In the morning I ate a bifcuit and drank fome
water mixed with rum ; I boiled a piece c.4
goat's fleta for my dinner, but ate very little,
and at night I flipped upon three of my tur-
tle's eggs ; after fupper I attempted to %alk
out with my gun, but found myfelf too weak,
and fo returned to my habitation.
Here conscience flew in my face, reprehend.
3ng me as a blafphemer and a reprobate ;
for faying in my agonies, What have I
done to he diftinguifhied in all this fcene of
,mifery."-Methought I heard a voice anfwcr.
ing me, Ungrateful wretch Dare you ark
*what you have done? Look upon your pal
.lafe, and then afk thyfelf, why thou wall not
drowned in Yarmouth road, or killed by th
Sallee Rovers ? Why not devoured by will
bears in the defarts of Africa, or drowned
,Aere with the reft of thy companions ?"
Struck dumb by thefe fevere reflections, and,
fearing the return of my ague, I began al
length to consider what was moft proper to b,
done, to free myfelf from this diftemper : and,
]having heard that the Brazilians ufe tobacco
for molft of their difeafes, I refolved to iryv thii
experiment.
I tried federal ways with the tobacco : FIrq
7 took a leaf and chewed it, which made ml
verylick, and almolft flupified me; then I icep.
ed
45 img045.jpg
C R U S 0 E.
ad it in rum, refolving to take a good dofe of
it when I went to bed, and then 1 put iome
into a pan and burnt it, holding my nofe over
the fmoke as long as I could endure it without
fuffocating. After thefe feveral operations I
fell into a fweat and flept quietly and well for
thirteen or fourteen hours ; and when I got
up in the morning I found my fpirits revived,
my stomach much better, and I grew exceed-
ingly hungry, which I had not Leen for fornme
ti:nv paft : In fhort, I miffed my fit the next
day, and found that I every day grew stronger
and better.
The Soth I ventured out with my gun, and
killed a fowl not much unlike a brandgoofe,
but did not eat of the flefh, choofing rather to
dine upon two or three mote of. mny turtle's
eggs. In the evening I renewed my medi-
cine : Notwithftanding which, I had a little
fpice of my fit the next day ; and therefore, on
the 2d of July, I took my medicine as I did at
firft ; and on the 14th, which was the day I
expected the return of my fit, the ague left
me, which was no mall joy to me; and indeed
the goodnefs of God on this occasion, affe&fli
me to fenfibly that I fell on my knees and re-
turned thanks in a molt devout and folemn man-
ner.
July 4. I walked out with my gun : But my
diftemper having reduced me very low, I could
go but a little way at a time ; for, the eNperi-
ment having weakened me exceedingly, I was a-
ble to walk but a very fhort way at once. I
had now been on the ifland about ten months--
and all the while had not feen either man or
Woman,
46 img046.jpg
* R C' B I N S 0 A
wonn. An' flo, p:owing belier, I began ts
li. h.k in..-if fole ir.on.,tch iA the ife ; and
S'.:,," n.- rii-lTcve,',,y t e!i. I rel(.! Ed, tn tjki
a ic(i-, a.;oult tFe ie, in oldri to v ew the 'ex
teit of ri&, d.-minions, and to rmaak'. whaL di.A
cove, es I cjehl.
On i-.e ijin 1 began my jourr.ev : and a-
Tr,-.~.oOthrt Lhn.gig, I lound d little book ui
Yulrrfng w.a.'4r ; on the biks of! wh ch weice
Imn\ m?!O.As' covered winth grul. : 1 la.v
;ee.:rfl [. k, of tobacco, ard i.ather plants I
kntrw nothing of; rr;,_,ngthe rell I toind f, mq
fl.', canr In'.cral p!a:it of jloe \w'and &c.
", .i. thele d'fco.'ertes I retu'r.ed we!. I,'i 6 d
to my hirre caal%, and hfizt that n'ght ;erj
comfortably.
The next dav, .going the fame way. and Far.
their than before, I fIund the country fall oa!
wood, and excecoinjlv flealant and delightfuL
The melon lavV upon the ground in greaz qu.an.
ities, and clusters oftrapeb hu-g upon :he trees
You may imagine I wa-. glId i.f ih.- dIlcnvety
vyrT a'c very ;'. in.l\', leIt1 i [lolC Lhrowmy
fel[ int.) a flox or fh-.':r.
The nihant con rnin on. I clir.hed up into
tire. and havul,,g fixed m',lelf as secure'!) a
"p.fi t.l. flept Lciv tro ,ab'i., though i wal!
i hrt r if I had cve. lI'n 7,i o! -r.y !..bira
tiOn. -"\ hen the mcrn-ng camr.e,' I ploceede<
W i' the -re 1 ill pieafure al:',it iour miles Fal
th.r ; and di( the end of a val'dv. I feurnd
fir'ingorf>:cellert atiet: and now I refblve%
to I:.', in as much of,tlhe ftiut a3 pc.ffb'ie.
jutl:- S. H-aving preFaied t u bags, I r(
tijttne-. tt.ici. avaiv, in cwdcr to li ing lihri
.'. ao
47 img047.jpg
, R U S 0 E.
to my cafle as much of the federal forts of
fruiti. as I could, that 1 might have a (lock by
me again1f I Ihould want it. Ad now I be-
gan to refl-Et that this part of the island was
irinihtely the belt to inhabit in ; hut then I
thought at the lame time, that if I removed
from my prefent place of abode I should lofc
the prolpett of the lea ; and lo, if Providence
jhluuld order a (hip on that coall, I should laic
all ponflibhlly of" deliverance. However, the
place was fo delightful, I resolved to build me
a kind of bower, which took me up the re-
moinder of July.
Here it was that I dried my grapes, which
I :. erwatds carried to my old habilation, for
a winter fupply. On the, i4th of Augult
the rain began to fall with great violence,
which nmde me judge it was proper to re-
urC to my cafe for Ihelter. The rain con-
tinucd to fall, more or lefs, till the middle ci
October, and sometimess with that violence,
that for several days 1 could not flir out of
my cave, till I was conflrained to it by the
puie want of food. I went out twice ; the
firiL time I fl(hot a goat, and the second time
I found another turtle, as large as the form-
er.
September 30. Cafthitg up the notches
on the pofl whith amounted to 365, I con-
tluded this to be the anniversary of my land-
ing. And, after I had retuined thanks for
my wonderful prefervation in this defolalc
illind I went to bed and flept %icry comfortn-
ably.
Before I proceed farther in my Journal4 I
mft t ake the dberty to put the leader i.
S-z mind
48 img048.jpg
Vt R 0 B, I 2N AS 0 -
nmind or the bhla'ry and rice : I had -ived
bout t.-;rv N ailk' u>f the formner an tj LWen
of 'he Il,'ei ; a -d 'cnchiiiriq the leaj-on
be provirr. I a1oi u !ine gri.unrd %%h 's
w >ie",i !'pai e, arcl b'jucd :t ; wr-och at t1
p'i1p,:r time grtl, up, and anilweied niy expet
II e vwet wrar her %-as po fooner gone. Et
iny inc'. na'.nn ;cd ne .gan tu tihe hu.,,er
]ld bul enr the j'heti ide o" the ,lann
'hic I f ] To v.'-,oe and cnt'ic as I Fid Ie
it, and ih.e IliA es J1 t!iO'. r r'.. ri a ."et ti
n'iuie of Our wrl':C.'-. w.h'ch ,in nine mad
Tne a nicble fence, a I i'.-. hai e iccailiuon i
c.D:erve more pirtru'arl, heremier. ,
Aind nov.' 1 I._,ceived t lat ihe lea!'ons
the year rr.h' be' di,'-ided into w.el and di
ar!d not in'o -ummer and \\'i.tiae a& in E
rope ai t;u. :
1r [Fethirr L
lia lf :_ rcl Ol S ,
ir ,' t-I' e, th.e S'.n eocrI ng nae
A :-- .1 I th, EL Jiwnu .
A .^-r:!
I aIy 1,
Half June dry, the Sijn gvc'ing ~o-at
I JIuly if the line.
H X uguil
(. i~uiut J
1 -\ R >[ -
alf Sept. wet, th S'n lbe;ng caon
(.t),t-he r back.
Q ttober
I N,,ve.r, ber
'l. ll cemher dry, the Sun runnirg round
Jajv | oi the line.
(ebruarv IJr
And as th- wind CI Linued teg blow, tio
49 img049.jpg
R 4- 5 0 2.
4)
% yet fearons would conlihue eitrher longer or
fihoiiter. AHer I had maune l-efe and Lhc 1-kce
oie vation4, I altiays took care to10 ptnvicc
nrecc-flires, that 1 m..ghit flay within duarrig the
we;clis of the weC.aLhtr. and in thai time I
toak care to make tme Lich tools as I muot
warned.
Ehe fiitl thing I alrttempted was to make
i.e a bnlket, which .aheii much labuodr and
S',iCultL, I efftT:tt-d ; but the two things .
trill wanted vei i- uUerl tut tf my poetnr,
SV.2. ic.me rafts to hild rmiy liquors, and inill
p.r-[ to boil and flew my mea,. arid allo a to-
bacco pipe, lor which I atZ lall found out a
rcrnedy.
ter the weather grew fair my farther refo.
I." un of viewing the whole island took place ;
atc:r'dingh, tak ng my dog end my gun, and
o.,h"r necell]ries prupet, 1 let Ltorward ; and
l *}.on g pdllkd the vale -*heje my bower Itood,
j icme w.th:in fig.h o(t if. Ih a ince g tl rIe \~.
3-td v.hen it was clcvt day, I c. uld dlci'cer
l.ad. but could not trll %Vlrher it was an i-
hi.d or a continent ; ne'heC o uld I tell %that
place this might be. only I thought it, was in
Americb, and ionfequently that part of thi-ic
co.urtry that lies bet .ve.en the Spanith terrio-
riea anid the Brazils, which abound with can-
nibals, 'who devour human kind. In virwving
thi;part of the ifland, I found it was muci
wire pleafani and fruitful than where]l had
pitched my tent. Here were gteat numbers of
parrouis. and with great difficult 1 got one of
them which I carried home with me, but it was
a great while before 1 could lame it and bring
it to peak1 evcn fo much a to call me by name.
In
50 img050.jpg
44 R O B I N S 0 N
In the low grounds I found great numbd
of goats, foxes, hares, and abundance of fowls 4
different kinds, with great quantities of grapt
and other excellent fruits: In this expedition
I did not travel above two miles a day, being
defirous to make what difcoveries I coull
When I came to the fea [hore, I was amazed
to fee it exceedingly beautiful, and to !full
excellent 6ilh. But though this journey was I
delightful to me yet my secret inclination lei
me to my old habitation ; fo, after I had fel u
a fort of land mark for my guide for the fulur<
1 concluded to return back bv a different wai
_- ____ -- -
51 img051.jpg
. R U,.S.O E.
than I came; and as I was making the bet oF
,v way, my dog happened 10to furprife a kid,
which I rescued from him, and led it to my bow-
er. in order to try if I could raie a breed which
9juld be of great ute to me.
After 1 had been about a month upon this ex-
pe-lon I returned to my little callie, and re-
poed rnyfelf with great pleasure in my ham-
B,,-A and continued a week within to rei. azd
ielt-(b myfelf.
A\nd now I began to think of the kid 1'had"
left 'n the bower, and refolted immediately
tu fetch it home. WVhen I arrived there I
fourd it al'nrift flarved ; when feeling it with
bis iches of fuch fhrubs as I could find, the poor
rr:l'ure in graiiude for iti.s deliverance, follow-
ed me as naturally as my dog quite home to my
caftle, which 1 afCtewaids kept as one 9f my
dornefl cks.
'1 he wet feafon being coma, 1 kept myself
within ; and on the 30'h of Septemrober, being
the ih rd year o my abode in rhis island, I paid
in- Inlemn acknowledgmenrts to Almighty
C.'d for my prefeevation, and entertained my-
fell wa .th a world of reflic-ftons upon my prcfent
and former conditions ; and as I wasone morn-
ing [idly pondering upon my prefent (laie, I
happened to open my bible, when 1 fixed my
ey, on ibefe words, willu nver at2ie t/ve, nor
'f.'i, 'k Ih'e; which I presently took as dircEed
o my )fell; and I mufl own. the exFreflipn gava
me a preat del of fevet fatisfaaion.
The beginning if this year I fixed my daily
employiments as foIllow: The morning I fpent
in my devotions, and paying my duty to God-
after
52 img052.jpg
46 R 0 B IN S 0 N
after I had done that, I went out with my g4
to leek proyilion; which, after I had got!
took me up Come time in dreffing and cooking
in the middle of the day I was forced to lie b
by reason of the excelTive heat ; and the rell
the time I fpent making and contriving luW
neceffaiies as I flood mol in need of.
But now the time for my little harvefl coi
ifg on, I had the deftrable prolpeft of a gwu
crop, but my hopes were ladly difappoimn
by the goaLs and hares; who having tailed tl
fweemnels of my corn, had cropped it fo clol
that it had no firength to lIhoot up into a IlAI
To prevent this I was forced to make a hed1
round it; but I had no fooner done this, thad
was infected with vermin of another fort; n
hack was no fooner turned but whole flocks i
birds came and deflroyed what the others hi
left ; I let fly at there, and killed three of thet
which I hung upon flakes as a terror to tl
rell; which project had lo good an effect th
they not only forlook the corn, but that part i
the island for ever after.
My corn growing rrpe and hatveft coming oi
I cut it down and carried horne the edari: An!
after I had rubbed them, and threfhed them I
the beft manner I could, as near as I could coi
jcdiure, the produce of the barley was aboi
two hufhels and a half, and that of the rice
bout the lame quantity ; and now I plainly lav
by the providence of God, 1 should be luppl
ed with corn, though at the fame time I want
all manner of neceflaries for making it ing
bread, which with the greatest labour and di
ficuLdIy I afterwards fuppiLed.
53 img053.jpg
C R U S 0 E.
MV feed being thus increased, my next care
was to prepare more land to fow it in; and ac-
cordingly I fixed upon two large plants on the
back ride of my cafltle, in which I owed my
feed, and lenced it with a good hedge, to de-
fend it from the vermin.
In fhort, my corn increased to that degree,
that I thought 1 might now venture to eat lome
of it ; but how to make it into bread was [till the
difficulty ; and yet even ihis I found the means
10to furmount at laft; and lo. as in all other e-
mergencies, I found a remedy beyond my expec-
tation.
After I had procured every thiing needful
for making my bread, which you may imagine
was no fmall fatisfat.ion, the profpefk of land
which I had feen from the other fide of the
ifland tan ftill in my mind ; but how I should
come at it I was utterly at a lofs to know I
tried to recover the fhip's boat, and then to
make me a canoe but all in vain; and here. I
could not forbear reffe&ing upon the folly of
thofe who undertake matters that they are not-
able to go through with.
I was in the midit of my projetsfi, when my
fourth year expired fince I had been caft on
this island ; nor did I forget to keep my anni-
verfary with that folemnity and devotion that
I had done the year before ; 1 began to think
myfelf feparated from the world, and from all
opportunities of friendly conversation. I had
nothing to covet, being, as it were, an emperor
or king of a whole country, where 1 bad no.
body to control me, nor any body to govern
but myfeMf.
Srinefe
54 img054.jpg
4 1R 0 B f N S O N
Th'efe thoughts made me look upon the thj
of thii world with a I..;rt of lel.gius conittr
and reondering mine ealyv in my act-fuia. and ci
anchovy co-dition; fur, having made (C1
*mercies to me matters of thie high, ft contl
tion: I relinqLlihed all penfive Lhou' ts
dilmAl appretenhions, and resigned myleliF
entirely to Goo'a pon iuence.
MV ink was quite gone, and my biicuit
molt exhaualted ; mv Inen was worn out. u
fome of the i.Lids' checked Ihbuta remrnai
which were (f mighiy ute to rne in hot we
er. My clothes anti hat were qite woj n.
thofe I supplied by the help ot my gost I
of which I i itl m mde ma a Irt ot a cap, i
then waillicoat, and open kneed breeches q
the hair on the outside and thus bi:r. peru
ly at eale in my mind. 1 Ipeut in)y ti'e in
temuplating the bleffing;_. ft hea.\tn, and
raviflhed to think tlha one tiim or ozhq
fhuuld be delivered from my prelent m1a
tunes, and placed out of the teach of L
i forever. I
l"io five years after this nothing worth i
tinoning happened, only at Spare lime:, I nadI
ibhed a Imail canoe, w:th whxc., B! all haz4
1 reloived to try to dilcx:ovei the rcrcirnfe
of my dominion' ; and in order l0 it, I
prov'lions cn hoard, with ammunition, an
otchir r.ecdfar;s Rit tao the expedition.
It w.i5 the itvh of Novcmber, in the
year of m;, reign, Ih.t I began tisis vco
which was much longer than I eyjeYfe4
reafon I had many diihculties to enroun4
did not fulott ; and ind:cd the recks we.
" h ii,
55 img055.jpg
Ac R' .U OP 0
v vf i ( s t A ^
1,;.,h rnd ran lb far into the ca. t'-iat I often
1liolvcd toturn back, father than run the rilque
of being driven fo far out to the lea 'as by no
wneains to be able to get back again.
In th's coblnfion 1 came toan anchor as near
to the fiote as poffible,. to which I waded, and
cimhrnbing up to the top of a high hill, 1 viewed
Ihe extent ofmv dominioas, and at all hsznids,
jc1hlved to pursue w.v voyage. It ik endleLs to
rjlate what danger my tralinefs expolcd me to;
I as driven by the cu rent Ib fat into ithe-lea,
that 1 had hardly any piofpe'l of geming bak
g ag in; not by sil I could do .Vhb mry paddle,
which I had made to supply the p!-ce of lculls
to help tpe; and now had noprolpelf but pert-
ifhingat fea when mv provifiuns were fpeyt,
or, itf a-flv-m flouJd art, bc for'irc. f-lowever,
by the lucky chance of the wiAd, or lathez bv
ihe particular pro'idence of Guod, I was driven
back ag-in to The illand, and to -nm unfpeika-
ible Joy, I came on fhore; whcre,.beng exceed-
inglv fatlguted with watching and haid labou.r,
1 lad:i me down and took a little refoie. A.f-
ier I awoke, and had drelfhd m) feif as ufual, 1
laid up my boat in a mall c.ijvenlent cicek fit
for mv purpo!c, and taking m,, gin. &r:. 1 rrmde
Ihe hell of my say to my bo)wer, he'e I again
'laid me d.,vwn to ref ; but it v'as not long be-
fore I was Srprifed with a voicc, which called,
R...t Ctri,/'-% p r RP..hii C ni ,I I'.t id,".:
E !,pon
E U~poan
56 img056.jpg
R 0 B I N S 0 N
Upon which I flared up in great confufi
and calling my eyes round, I law my par
fitting upon the hedge ; and then I knec
was fbhe that called me, but was flrangely
prifed bow the creature came there, and I
it Should fix upon that place above the rn
The bird came to me as loon as 1 called
and perched upon my finger, as tilual,a
feemed to fignify a great deal.of joy for
return.
This voyage had cured me of a great dJ
of my rambling inclination ; infomuch tlA
I began to lay aide all hopes of deliverance
fo I led a retired life, and in a very contena
manner palled away near twelve months, fpes
irig my Lime in making inliruments and doii
fuch things as were mof absolutely ne;efflai
both for my prefent'and future fubfiRftence.
My next consideration was, my powJ
growing fhlort, what I bfhould do io kill
goats and fowls to Live upon : I had abui
dance of contrivances in my head to try
catch the goats alive, particularly the (he go4
with young and at length I had my delfire, fi
making pitfalls, and baiting them with fome i
mY
57 img057.jpg
. R U S 0 E.
Sy corn, one morning I found in one of them
an old he goat, and 11 the other three young
peis, one male 'nd two females.
Tbe old one was too fisong for me, and I
ouldi not tell how to master him : But the
jLids 1 made shiftt to get to my habitation. It
wa fCome time before I could make them feed,
but after they had for tome time been without
food, and 1 threw them tome frefh corn, and
ave them fome water, their Rtomachs came to
them. And now my next care was to find
em paflture, and fecure them io that they
might not run away, all which 1 at laft effeled ;
and withal, by my well ufing thefe poor area-
tures, I had made them fo tame and familiar,
ihat they would follow me and eat corn out of
my hand. Thus having anfwercd my ends, I
think, in about eighteen months time, I got a
flock of about twelve; and in lefs than two
years forty three; and now I was not only
provided with goat's Dfelh, but with milk alfo,
which was another blefling I had little reafoa
to ex pee.
Being thus happy, and having almost forgot
all hopes of liberty, I lived as well as the na-
mare of my condition could poffibly allow ; and
indeed, it was a very diverting fight to fee me
fit in late at my dinner, all alone by myfelf,
like a king; and it would have been a very
pleafant objeft to have teen me in my goat Ikin
diefs, and other fuatable habiliments.
My chief concern now was about my boat;
which I was extremely unwili-ng to lofe, it
having coft me to much hard labour: r went
by laud to the place where I left it, but found
there
58 img058.jpg
5- R O B I NI S 0 N
there was no way to bring it off, without r
ning the fanme rifquc I was fo lately expofed
which I thought too dangerous for a feco
experiment, and therefore I relolvec" upon
noiher expedient, which was to make ,not
canoe, and leave i'oh the other fideof theillae
And here I think it may not be impro
to inform the reader that I had two p;an
tionD I theilldid : rhe fi.ft. was my little fo
or caflle, where I had made federal improve
menis ; and the second was my bower, or cog
try feat, where were my grapes and the
clofures for my g.,ati, and fevcrAl other caon
niencies, that made iL a very pleasant and agr
able re iremfnt.
To this place it was that I ured to go often
view mygoais. And now I fhal! relate a thi
that gave me thIe mofil dilquiet of any thi
that I had met with fince my Gir coming i
the island.
It may well be fuppofed.thatr, arLer I h
been fo long in this d!ofate pjrt of the wor
nothing could have been more amjzing th
to have feen any human creature : but one d
as I was going to my boat, as ufwal, I perceivq
on the farid, the print uf a man's naked fo
and had1 I, Iecn an apparition, I could not h
been more Lerr.fied. I -okcd round on
fidet but. could not hear or lea mny thing;
obferved the tramplirg%, and was convince
from all figns, that Come foot had been other
And in the d-'epefi confufon, I returnedd b.
to my habitaj.ion.
That night I never cdoted my eyes, and v
full of the mniq d'fmnal apprehnlions that
ever had in all my Ife, Sometimes I had th
folly
59 img059.jpg
C R U S 0 E.
folly to think it muft be the devil ; at other
tames I thought it rather fome favag8, that the
current had driven in, and not liking the place,
was fecrerly gone off .to fea tgamin. Happy
was I, inmy thoughts that none of the favages
had feen me ; and yet, at the Famo'time, I was
exceedingly terrified left they should have feen
my boai, and to come in gieat numbers, and
find me out, pnd devour me, and aJll my little
flock, that I had been fo longgathering. There
thoughts aflfiaed me extremely ; and yet, after
mature confideraton, I concluded it was my
beft way to throw myfelf upon the sovereign
Governor of the World, and to ifubmit entirely
to his mercy andprovidence.
After a world of fears and apprehenfions,
for three nights and days, I ventured out of
my fortrefs; I milked my goats, and after I
had put everything in order, not without the
greateCft co ernemation, I went again to the
Chore to make my farther obfcrvations; and
upon the whole, concluded, that either' the
illand was inhabited, or that fome perfon had
been on ffiore, and that I might be furpriced
before I was aware.
This put severall frightful notions into my
head, inf6much that ilcep was an en"the ftran-
ger to me, my whole thoughts being takdn up on
nothing 'but my .prefervatLion, I pui ny kaftle
into the heft fure of defence 1 was able,
an& plae.d all my guns fo that they might be
serviceable if .1 shouldd have occ4jior to make
ufe( of them. After this I went armed with
Dmy two guns.
2I
.t2
60 img060.jpg
*{ f, V 3l J : .; o A'
R 0 R I A \
if
I divided my goa.-s into several parce ;i
'tn Mhe g.ils and it m he ones I pat in o one
pjrt of It ;fldnd. and ihe otber icr,, ilth t.vd1
he one.%, in another ; and whilfll t was in search,
oT th- lflter, which was on the XVeflern part'
rf the island, I thought i difcovcred a b-,at,)
but at. too great a diitince to make ot vhat.
fhe \vas. BUerij come to th fhore, updn ihC
S. %V. pat of (he find, I'w'as co.rinred ihat'
ihiey were fVage.e, Iein; the plai" co'eredc
Cer"with the fkAlls and mran3',d Iifhs of lu-o
man botle 1 "ohbLrVed liikwifN a xfoi. o" a
circle, in the midit of which I perceived there.
had beena- fire about this I conj"tlured 0efe1
wretches fait, and unnaturally lacrifi:d and
d'.Ouced thcir follow creates.
61 img061.jpg
C R If S di t. "
The horror and lotifomenets of this dreadful
pitEiacle confotur ded rie io, that, though I was
IalIlied thefe Iveges nTcer came into the part
,f ti.c island where I war, $et futh. ani abhor-
fence of ithem had feized me, that for iwo years
1 ronfinrd myself in tmy called, my country
(rat, and my enclonfurs : anti thus my circuni-
flances vedtained for Ik-me time uriflifurbed.
Rut &1'll twy giavid intentiron remained, which
f6l to lIy if 'I could deflroy fome of thofe
(vageis, and ttve a vitiim that 1 mrriight after-
wardF. make miy fervdnt.
Many were Thy prfj.rts and contrivanices t6
bvrg this about ; at le:.gth I tame' to this fet-
tied relolutior' t6 lie privately in ambuf i, in
fmne conveni'edt place, arid let fly upon them
*-.th mnv guns W'rB and then with rnmv iflols,
n(i f(worj ini hamd ; and fo much d.d this po-
roa!i Fpea.c nit faocy, tHlat I fufly refolved to
pu t irn priicd the firfl opproitunty ard
accoldiag.ly, I fdon found a place convenient
for my puipoe ; but at the Idmd time, f had
feverat checks pf coxifciece, and ioafoning with
iylelf, coricirig the lawfutnels and juflice
bit the at:ermpt ; and, after a long debate, I con-
cluded to Iaya'Fide t[t dcfign.
\Vh-dt i "was cutting down fom'e woo'd 6 6n
ti.w, to naie ciarrdal ib drers my meat and do
ihe fam ly 6neCtfarin', I perceived a %vby \Wagi
tasiv ; a3f61 gin&bwtwrrfs it, I could perceive
two large eyt:esqi''ng tu'fon 'rie. upon which I
made hafte onut extremely terrified nof iriagiri-
ing what it coujd b that looked fo Irighlfully:
Ho.verer, dfter I had recovered frorh my fiur.-
prife, I went again intoth'e cavity, rbf&I0in,
at all hazard, to fee what it was ; and when I
;cdml
62 img062.jpg
R 0 B I N S 0 ,V
came near enough to discern it pet Feflylv, %h-
fhould it be, after all, bat a monftrou; he go4
lying on the ground, and gaping for hfi
through mere old age.
The creature was not able to fl.rad, and
I let him lie undifturbed, and empl-I>.d my
felf in viewing the place, and mak -r .:bf--; la
tions. At the farther fide of it I L.berre'
a fort of an entrance, but fo low, as to. ..blig
me to creep on my hands and knc I E it [ -
I had no candle, and the place wa dlirkl, :lir
fo I fufpended my enterprise till Ith n,;i
day, when I returned with two large ones
rny own making.
After I had paffed the trait pAlfj;:,|
found the roof rofe higher up; and .lrl
when I got farther in, no mortal cv.'er .law
more beautiful fight The walls and ihc ro<
reflected a thoufand lights from m two caL
dies ; and indeed, it seemed to mne thl Fi
del;,itf.,l grotto I had ever heard ot.
thort, I could find no fault but in the r, nri nc
and which I thought would be very i-cfl.i
for my defence and fccurity ; theticf-re I d
termrined to make the place my prince ip l mna1
azine ; and accordingly, I carri-d tF-ahe
with the utmoft expedition, fome arm:. aid ar
munition, ju. :.._ n-, impoffible for mnc Luobe fut
prifed by the favages in that faftn-1 -.
I think I was now in the --d ',,car .f
reign, and tolerably eafy in my c,-_rI:ion
By this time my parrot had learned t,' ta-
Englifh very well, and many divtrcng h,,
'we ufed to have together. My d,.., cl.cd
old age ; and my cats increased f..) fZI, ti
63 img063.jpg
C U S 0 E. tr
Swas often forced to deitroy fomer of them,'
left I should be overrun with their numbers.
I always keot two or three domeffick goats
about me, and had fevefal fowls that built
and bred about my cafftle, fo as to make me
1jappy as I could wvifh : But alas what un-
foreeen events deftroy the uncertain. enjoy-
ments of human happinefs !
It was now December, the time of my har-
veff, when. going out one morning early,
there appeared to me from the fhore, about
two miles distance from me, a flaming light
from that part of the island where I had be-
fore cbferved fronme favages had been on my
,ide of the water.
Terrified with this unufual fpeaacle, and
being under difmal apprehenfioifs that thefe
favages would find me out, and deftroy me, I
went direftly home io my caftle, and fhut my-
feli up as faft as I could, and put myfelf into
a .' e of defence ; lnd afterwards I got up
to the top of the rock, and viewing with my
profr e&ive giafs, I could difeern no lefs than
nire nr-ked fax'ages fitting round a fire, and
eating (as I fuppofed) human flefn, with their
two canoes hauled on fhore, waiting for the
tide to carry them back again.
Nothing can exprefs my deteflation of fo
horrid a fight ; especially when I found they
were gene, and I had been at the place of fac-
rifice and faw the limbs and flefhi of human
creatures lie torn and mangled upon the ground:
In fort, my indignation against them rofe fo
high, that let the confequence be what it
would, I determined to be revenged upon the
firft
64 img064.jpg
58 R 0 B I N S O N
firit that should come thither, though I lof4
my life in the attempt.
I found afterwards that they did not comic
over to this ifland very often ; and as near
&an remember it was a year or more before E
laW arny mr.rc of them. But before 1 proceed
farther, I havec another account that will Cde.
fene the reader's attention.
it was ihe ib.h of My, according to mY
wo dcn calender, after a very terrible flonu
when I was alarmed with the noife ,f a guf
as fired from a fl-hip in ditlrofs ; upon whicI
I immediately to,..k my gial- and wen' up tq
the top of the rock where I had not been
moment but a flame of fire gave notice of an.
other gun ; and then I was confirmed in my
opinion, that it could be nothing lefs than
[hip in diflrefs which, with my glafs 1 [oo0
difcovered to be truck ;, and that the wreck wa4
upon thofe bidden rocks where I was in great
danger of being loll in my boar.
I made a fire upon the hill bv way of figi
nal and thry raw it, and anf'wered it with fev
cral guns. The weather was Ye',y h-a.v.,, an<
to I could not, at that time, discover either a
what dillance the (hip lay, o0 1 hat fhe was
but the weather cleai ing up, 1 law a fhipca
away fome diflanLe at fea.
I had fei'eral notions concerning them, a
is natural in Fuch cafes ; but confidcring fC
riouflv the place where they) were, and all ot h
er circumfl.arices. I could not conceive an
polmbility but that they muff. be all loft an
indeed, to the laIl year of my being in tLi
inland. I never knew of any that were fave
Out of this (hip I only faw the bc.dv of
: boy
65 img065.jpg
,U S OE 69
bcv which was driven on fhore, but I could
not discover by him of what nation they
were.
the fee was now very calm., which tempt-
ed me to venture to the wreck. not only in
hopes to get fonething I wanted, but like-
1ile, if there was any body left alive in the
fl ip, to endeavour to fave their lives. IThis
resolution fo far prevailed, that I w'ent home
immediately and got every thing ready for
th voyage and accordingly alter a great
deal of labour, hazard and difficulty, I at
length got to the wreck which I beheld with
the greatefl pity and concern. By her built I
found ftie was a Spaniard. and had endured a
teruble conflict before fhe was lofl.
When 1 was come near to her, I faw a
drig cin board, who no sooner faw me but he
fell tn yelpirg and howling, and I no fooner
called to him, but the poor creature jumped
into the fea and fwam to me, and I took him,
into the boat almofl. famfhed. When 1 came
into the flip, the firfl fight that I beheld was
two drowned men in the arms of each other ;
I found fhe was a rich fhip. and as I had rea-
(ton to believe, bound home from the Spanifh
efltindies. What became of ihe rcfl of the
failurs I could not, tell, there being none of
their bodies on board, besides the two before-
ment ined.
As I was rummaging about her, I found fev-
eral things I wanted, viz. a fire shovel and
tongs, two brafs kettles, a pot to make choco-
late, I'Ome horns of hfine glazed powder a grid-
iron, and feveral other neceirfarics. Thqfi I
put
66 img066.jpg
,o R 0 B I N S 0 .V
i pIL ,,t-j b;.rj mr b,,t, t.-c:tlhecr \n ;lh two chef
z o < d a c.:fl, of i urn : jrid af[c-r a gizat deal I
toIl and dlIE:uliL, I got ilu bL.c.k to the i4
and. I ,
1 Trepofcd miflcIf that tigit in the boat. am
the netYL d.i landed my caIgo_, which I Cdrii
to my grotulto ; and h.\'irg c'.arnrid trw
feEt;, I found in the two chtll% l,\vecral thiri
I wanted, particularly for-c Iljrls and han,
kcrchicif- 1 found ;AliO'thrce b-.gs of pieces
right ; .,ll which I w> dU. wiillingly I.',: gF
en for nic or Lix pirs oF Englilh Ihos a1
fh'i-Lings. 1
After 1 had ('fiwcd aIll this rew cargo i
to my, cave, I nrde the bf-l of my wavt 1U
cafll and found every thir- a.s I left il.
that I had nothing to do but to repnl'.. rn.,'i,
and to take care of may riomcflict. And n.
wanting racthin that w.:s rcquifite for
Sfuppkott of lif., 1 might have lived ,cr'y qu
had n-ot the apprcl'heri-.ii of the fvge
turihed ne ; upon which aco'tint I flid
'vent Far abroad t 1 did, it we ,to the call,
part oF the ,lLtd, whclre 1 well knew tI
never came : And ior two years I lihcd
this anxious condition. iiinv head heirg alw
full of j'i'.j''. how 1 m'^i.t gat awy from
dclc,late pl.ce.
A.; I obl'ret, Lbefr'r., rtloi..'h I wnis tol
M bly Iccure ag,-ini- the rcch c.f % ant, ar, d
all the di ert.l'.n th, r.atuuic F i, e 1
would allow. ',ct the thiuhi: uofr m',' dmli
ance were fill tipperTn-fil. as the iri:r .
(.e:ill, p-rccv,;- by the f. lihwinr r,;I.Ltio
which I f-aIi :;ive a fhielt ,Cc.:.cUir of
Ichemes and prt.j.:cls I miade for my ecapiC
67 img067.jpg
C R U S 0 E.
As I lay in my bed one. night in March,
tibe ,-4th year of my folitude, 1 ran through
a:l,[li' accounts of my life, from my very fil t
Iim,.mbranci to the present time, and found
a!l along that the providence of God had been
exceedingly kind and merciful to me, and
% hen I considered, more particularly how ma-
nv dangers 1 had palfed, it could not but make
rn, devoutly thankful to my great deliverer,
richout whofe aliftance L muff inevitably
ha-ve pcriIlhed.
After Ithad thus briefly debated with my-
[elf on my prefent and former condition, I
be-gan next to consider the nature of there fav-
aecs, and the country that they inhabited,How
faji it was t,. the place from whence they came,
arid what boats they had to bring them over
hither, and at the la-me time had rome notions
to go over to their fide, to fee what dilcoverie&
I could make.
I had noliuns, that, if by any mcthqd I
could get upon the continent, 1 might in time
meet with a [hip to carry me to Euirope, fur
Shere I looked upon myself tobe the moll mif-
erable man living, and preferred even death it-
fclf to my Ray in this delolate ifland. Whill:1
my thoughts Were thus confused, I had no no-
tion of any thing elfe but my voyage to the
continent ; and indeed fo much was I inflam-
ed with thefe notions, that I in a great ineaf-
ure forgot my duty to God and was reduced
almolft to a Hflate of dcfpcration ; and after
many thoughts and ftrugglings in my mind,
I came at length to this conclusion, viz. That
the only probable way I had to efcape, was to
F get
. 61
68 img068.jpg
62 R 0 B 1 N\ S 0 1V
get one of thefe ravages ; which I could fin
no other way to bring about, than by ventui
ing my life to f4ve him from the jaws -of h
devourers, which I thought mufi min[pire hii
with gratitude to his preferver.
Thefe were my fixed resolutions, but I thin
it was at leaf a year and a half before I could
find an opportunity of putting them in exect
lion. To the bell of my remembrance it wi
the c3d day of April, eairy in the murninj
when I ,as fupltifed wlih the fight of fiv
canoes, all on fbore together, on mv fide (
the island, and the cretuie3 that bcloingd I
them all landed an.l out of fight.
At firfl I thought all there boats mull brie
too many lo be attacked by one perfon, an
wasin a mighty confafin as to what was be
to be done :. however, being impatient to Fi
something of their management, I took m
guns, and went secretly to the top of the hil
where by the help of my profpeclive glafs,
ribferved no lefs than thirny, fitting mound
fire and feafling upnn what meat they ha
dreffed ; what it was I could not diflingui(h
Afterwards they), all danced around the flame
uling many frightful and barbarous geflure>.
Whilil I was looking earnefily on thet
wretches, I could dil'cern them dragging tw
miferable creatures out of one of their boat
It was not long before I faw one of the,
.knocked down, and three or four of the
fell to cutting and mangling his body, in q
der to devour him as they had done the forn
er. WVhilft. the other miferable creature floe
expefling every moment the fate of his con
Ipaniota
69 img069.jpg
C R U S 0 Z6
panion, infpired with the hopes of life he
ga'e a 'udden flart fronm them, and ran with
gieat fwiftanefs towards my cafile.
, = ___-
I was under great apprehensions that he
would dt to my grove for proleflion. I was
glAd to fee he had the heels of them, and from
his rwiftner., concluded he would prefently lofe
fight tf them, and fave his life. There was
a while creek jul before hitn, where 1 was a-
fraid the poor viffim would he taken iF he
c-', d not fwim ; but it happened he fwam
veri well and foon got over, and Pan again
%ith his former flrength and fwiftners. Two
of the three that followed him, fwamn over af-
ter
. 63
70 img070.jpg
64 R 0 B 1 Ai S 0 N
ter him, but the other, that could not lwimq
returned back to his'companions. And now,
or never, I thought it was my time to pro:
cure a ravage for my companion. Accord.
ingly, with all the fpeed I could, I camq
down from the rock, look up my two guns
revolvingg to fave the viflim if poffible ; ant
in order to it, came a nearer way, and pu
myfelf between the purfuers and the pursued
beckoning to the later to land fill, who
you mull imagine, was not a little rurprire
at me. The hidl purfuer I knocked dowi
with the flock bf my piece, and the other
who I perceived was preparing his how ar4
arrow to {hoot me, I let Bly at, and killed
him dead on the fpot.
The poor frighted Indian was amazed t4
fee the fire and hear the noife of the gun i
however, I made ligns to him to come to mo
which at length he did, but not without
great deal of fear and trembling, being afraid
I believe, I should kill him too. I did all
could to convince him of his millake, and a
length fo far convinced him, by the tigns
made him, that he came to me, and' threi
himself at my feet, and took one of my fer
and put it upon his bead ; which was a tokl
en, it feems, of his resolution to be my fl-j
forever ; upon which I took him up, mad
much of him, and encouraged him in the be
manner 1 could.
By;
71 img071.jpg
C R U S 0 E.6
B\' this time I faw the Favage I had knock.
ej down, began to recover, and was lifting
upright, which made my new flave as much
,'rji-id as before, but I Coon' prevented his
Ff'.hi by prCfenting my piece at him : but my
favage oppofed my (hooting him, making a
fign to rme to lend him my word, which
hang by my fide, and no Cooner had I granted
-,, iequefi. but awlav he ran to hllis enemy arnd
ve!v dexteroully, at orre blow, cuLt off his
heal ; and as a token of triumph brought
it to me, together with my word, and laid
it it my feet.
The greatefl aftniifhment my new fervant
was in, was, how 1 I Rlled the favage at that
dillance, 'without a bow and arrow ; and to
fatisfy himilIf in that matter, he made figns
to me toilet Wim g ai.nd'view him. And
having'v?*3a the woutrid te bullet haa made'
in his Brift, he Iopk ip hii bow and ar-
rows, and bcai k b al t M't Vgain, 'making'
r.fgns to"ine:':it*e "itldvc 1o buryr6hm,
*'~~~~ ~ .C^ ~
72 img072.jpg
66 R 0 B I N S O N
which with my content, he pcrformeAd wiil
wonderful dexterity.
When I perceived hlie had done, I called
him away, and carried him directly to mj
cave, where I gave him vicualk, and their
pointed to him uto lie down upon lome flidW
and take a little relat. He was a very hand'
fornme well proportioned Iullow, and in all re.
peEts the rmofl beautiful Indian I ever faw.
1 think he had noi flept above an house
b-fore he cam- ouJt of the ca.e ito nme. as ,
wa milking my goats, aid again threw him.
felfat mY feet, and put myI) other foot upol
his head, a farther tuken that. hie Jitende4
to be my llave forever.
That noght we flayed i-, the rave ; bul
early the ne-.t m.irnting, 1 made ihuns to hid.
to rife ano go with i ne ; anid, _iih.dl, macit
him to undcrliand tl-at his name \ aa i,, hi
Frima,, it being on ;hat day 1 Lf-ed his lifqej
aud that I intended to give him Ionie til.iihei
to bide his nakednclfs. As we pdhi.d by thci
place v here the la% iges Lvere, buried, he
pointed direly to the grace-, and let tnq
know by his gellures th.it he intendedi t;
org them up and devour, themirn, upon which
I let him fee 1 Iwas extremely diplicaled at Ii
and made him come away. which he did with
the greateft reverence. I
In our way to the caljc, we went to dith
top of a hill to view if the favag.." ere w one
and finding they were, we ref-.mf cd ouri
elves [for that nig., anti. ,iV Lr\t mor iwa0
I reiclved to .anrn milnlf, .and .ke-.jy mnmap
with me, and go to view the. plaice 'where
they
73 img073.jpg
C R U S 0 E. 67
they committed their barbarities. WThen
we came upon thi fpit, it is impofible to
spriels the horriblenefs of the lighL Here
liv the Ilelh and entrails, andl theie the
rton-,led Iltnib of human creatitnies; in (hort,
1i hfled mewith the grealell horror and d1-
lirt.I ion. Friday gave inc to iindetfl.and
,hat here were hrtee theie i-criliced, and
I 1 had noti relc.ued him. he had hec n the
f.uitli. I n',.de him gailier up the ftag-
mni:nt- and lay them in a heap. and made a
fire upon thl.m, and burnt them to aOims:-
And flil I found my man had a harik.erng
after l'oime c-f the flelf, which 1 relented with
the uimoi'r abhorrFence, and made him un-
dcrftjand, that if ever 1 found him g'ai'tv ol
anv fuch inK tuman Ny, 1 would certaiuiy fhoo
him.
After this we. went. to my cafle, where I
lotihed my man a well as the nature of Ithe
place and my aircumnlainces wc-uld admit.
-e feeined at firil a little uneafy, auid awk-
\,ard tn his ne,, drcef; but after hlie had woin
them four or file days, he grew famiinar with
ihem, and Ieerned extremely well fatislicd.
Nov.w my nc't .concern was, how I might
lodge him. welU, and yet be cafy mylcf ; and
inr order to this, I etched him a little tent
bJiween. *say two .fortifications, fecured my
am.s every' ijglgt and made evciy thing Il
lafe, that-Jt.,,t s i.plpmi*c for =w to be l'ur-
pM-iied: though j. WAI. .at the fame time own.
there was ;ia need' of, thtfe cautions ; Foe-
raeYii.aOava bleJ-c-l,wiw tfervant that lov-
cd- at4-stbqvyd ,bin,6with gxe ter tendeTrnefs,
fidelity, and a _tion which eideaqd. hiit.
to
74 img074.jpg
68 R 0 B I .V ,S 0 N
in min cxrrerielv, and inducC'd me 10to tlinI
irow 1 m.,,lt be-lt -iacqdit my'',i: ili him.
I hIlAd lott bcei ,ib.ve twvo i three davs ia
my c, tcl-l-, when I hrfirli pr,:%pofed tL bring hin
,.ff Gt' irn hi-. b)rbarmus intlin-.tlin to humai
!l-f1h ; incler t) which I ufed federal in
ti4:-'m,:s ,; till the p'.or cieatu:e who hal
*tl. n.i!l dt ful and tender icy-rd to even
thing I Cr.nliiidct!.d him z.nd indertd did ni
'ara t _-,id len _it, itc's per lIttlv wraieJ frt
bl'i, ,cit ls ri. xed .arin ;.l,,>rrenr.ce (-f anv frh b[ibarotr
priceedit', .1 mrlfrilf : he fell upn',, his knee!
a0ti-d in all i i.n.; oif h;is avrrliun he nolhblj
could i, pronouicr,, many tbin,_s 1 ,ii- rna
underfland ; -'vlv ir thie rin.i, I f.ur d thb
Lis ritv apprr.h'li.-n, were fIIm the fear
ftji.ul^ lli..iti hm for the ihoughls o.i" it
gun. --nd rli- manner of he Cexeci.iton it did
were I,11 in his mind. and I-e could by r
umeanI be recr-Ici lid tI it e: 1c oU'lld reve
fo rntuch as :ouch it with hi, linefi, for level
a! d&y,, avd I believe. if'l bad r1ot preenc
ed it. hi- would have piid it a l'.rt o.f .dora
lion : He would go, as fir n a, r.v bat.k w
mTrncd, and !.,Ik lt) t it in his o'wn diaIt ; th
intent cf which was, to delire it not tL ki
hlim.' ,1
I bad killed a kid.whirhi ,we brno4-ht.tir,
andr! the rext day I .ga'.e hin -'oiiu&e of Il
t11-'lh .,ilh b,,lcd anrd itaf1d, Vflh which
-'. i; m M 1uch icl ighted, ihiat he kave me fi
iih 1 tc-rfd:tlN- underT/lo6od) that whilt
:,.'ed hr Mwoiuld iie *r'''mobc, eij irtl-.laa'm
.1- !I or ar".' ac,.In:t. 'And ho l4 'ber 0
!-.:.I; it -iPOh LiMte to let my fervent to sorkkj
Vr'aeclaly
75 img075.jpg
C R U S 0 L'. 69
e'pc" nll, confiderinig 1 had now Lwo months
io fcd inflead of one. 1 found him cxtra-
i-.r yi] qiti' ard handy in every thing I
iet him abnu,. and he had the fenie to make
,r underlRand that I had more labour in my
hii d .on hib account than I had for my'felf,
an3 tl'ait lI would Ipare no pain nor dili-
gence in ;'ny thing I should command or dci-
,at and indeed, the fellow's honefly and
Gmffple integrity grew fb conspicuous. I really
begin to love him entirely ; and for his part,
I am well aiTured there was no loI'e loft. I
had a mind to know if he had any inclina-
tin to his own country ; and having taught
,him as much Englilb as poffible, I alked him
fc'eral queflions, which he autwered very
pertinently ; particularly, I Afked coricemirng
the nature and diflance of his corntry. and
their manner of fighting. &c. The fellow
hda a very good natural genius, and would
,ikfen anfwrr my qeieLiqn, with very quick
and I'urpr;img turns and when 1 [puke a-
h-.ut reli.i(.n, he heard me with the greatel't
re.erience and atterion,. and wculd often
furprie me with important and unexpected
qnucII.Ins;m and in truth, I fpared no pains to
inilruit him according to the belt of my
kn.," pledge. I afked him who made him and
all the world ? As Ibon a.is he underflnod
ine, he anirwercfl, Ol fBeamn.,', ke'; hut all
that Ihe could liv of him Was, that he was
very o.ld, mTitch older than the fea and land,
the in-ou anid Itr5, and that he livcd a srcat
way' beyond rhemrn all. .
\VWhen I had inquired into the manner of
lerv:ng their Gd,- 1k proceeded, accuiding to
lie
76 img076.jpg
7- R O B I .N' S 0 O '
the b1 a r mym, kno.wledi'ge, to inllnrcft him i
the prcipilc:. iof tie Clilitian religion, ani
]-il brf'ore him fc,.eral of the chrif tIrutl
upon which 'it wvas grounded: to which hi
ait\- ile Frea.icl atienti'n, ail vwuuld allk 'i
ry.p>rtiinteit quc ilrori, by wav of information!
In fhorl, I fI,,'.n percc,.'ed ch i p.or cre.iturn
ev,;yv dl;y improved by rMV Inr uttorns ; an
my endearours in inliruct hinn w<:re a grei
hlil- tn mvlel'f, and br,,ulht tho're things frel
into m memi-rv which tlire length of time hac
MmiaI d.-il t.ae.l : fi I had the giccatel realon tr
blels provil.ience for lending him to me in tlhi
flate of filliude. -fli c..mpanri ,,llaved t h,
thIorghrs of myv miler\, and made rm habitat
tion more c.inforrable than it had ben eve'j
fince mv filfl coming t,.the island. It brought
into mv miniddailv notionsof heaven and heavr
enlv thing,.tand tilled me ribh a fecret joI thal
I wi:. broinght it.o thi place. whilich I oncO
thou ht 'the m .fl miferrabie p3it if the uni'erlfe
B1e' ih;s time f-iia.u be'gr, In peak tolc rabi
Enri.lifh. th.,ueh a little broken. \V e con;
'erfed with g.-air Lnii.iarirv : and I took s
T-'irtctilar plealute I: ieldie tu him hih
f'verJl accidents and a'e-ntures of inmy
lIr, I f, nn made him urndcrdrand that woai
detrful miller. "s he cnnce ved it, if ihe gun.
pow.lie and hill. ard taught hm ',- n i l- fnot
n which lie t',,n learnit in the greatell perfect2
lion. I give him a knifr, wivlich he wais ve-e
pi.-'id r.f; li.ewi'ec a belt and a h.,rhct, which
he hun vto hir !irdle, which wiih the rel
r1f hi aicc.-,Ltr.'mncits, made himn l,,k likj
-.,z (Qwiote., wl-,ht-n he went [-i., engage th<
wiril mills. After thi 1 ga ,.e him a partcuj-
lar
77 img077.jpg
C R U S 0 E. 71
jr d-rcr;ptlin of Eirope, and Old Englard,
ill.o pl.ce of try njta iry; above all the icf I
2,1j -I gvC him On account oF my being [hip-
% rocked, and carried him and [be%% ed h'm tIlie
uini of the flhp'- boit, which, though it was
l nifl oitten and failn i.) pitc-'., yet 1 cou!d
,erCeiyCe he iook i.;,ri cular nritice of : which
mi-,,dc me aalk-hin the r .con y why h- pi.ndertd
1. mniich. ) m0 r'r rfUid liC) ,'. fc i /i., "'u ,uie
. t. at m pwDill.ri. it yleindl' caTiC into
n,, mind, that this mul be fume lEurop;.t
b.-:,i that was f,..rced in th,:re by rtrefs if
weather, arfor the lols cf the fhip, which put
,.' uon inquiry, what F,;rt of a boat it was,
a,d whjt carnet in it ?
F, ida' reTplied, with ureat warmth arnd 'Zr-
d..ur, (/ -afl,'r, d,.'jz'e A: -'te tr.,.ofJi i, d,'r.-.. :
LiFp.:n which I diKed him if there weie any
ulhitie mans (as he called them) in the bo.t P
;, )cs i faid he) t/I boat bi.l, n;, fll ,J :J, :e
rr,.; i*: Ilow mar,% Frit aid I : V'hcre-
upc.n lie numbcied his finger,. ;.:d countired
le\cenlten. Then I Aif;cd him, vhat became
of uthcm all, and whether thiiy v vi or not.
i-ic replied, y's.i maj r, t.'-y l iI'.e, itCY be lite
", '. r; i.1 :'n. Lipon whiih it came into
mrri\ th, ughts, that thele munif be the crew that
b,:l._,nuged t,., the fip, that was caui aw y ijpon
rv itfl3nd : who, iathei th:in be Jtd oured in
ihe. ,ce:an, had committed thr.mlelve' o pro%-
id-nrce, and wiie driven on mhse amorg ihe
wild I;.dizn-. The rio olior I .*ad of their crii-
elItie mizde me alk. FrYzjy how it cIme to pafs
they did niot kill and eat them. A'N, n, faid
Fie:tds, th', nAiAl ktl! 'l,': thry Itak.e IrT',MlhI ani'A
." My 1 raRoni t' ih'tr nation, to C-C' mrans. t,;t
--/'ic
78 img078.jpg
72 R .0 B I N ..S 0 N
zatYu: nmans ovi'zrc ojr .pht. As much as to
that neither his nor any other nation eve.
their fell,,w creatures, but which as ihe L,4
armb allowed to be devouicd, and they 4
only thole ivl-uf misfoitune it was to be d
priloners of war.
Some time after this, upon a very clear 1
my man and i went up to the top of a
high hill, on the call fide of the illnd, I
whence I had once [ecn the contir.ent ir
erica ; 1 could not direitiv tell what \vai
matter, for biday fell to jumping and di
as if he were mad : 1 alfked himn the itx.f
his joy. 0 /'?, I laid he. r.d I there fd
cokitrv. tht', n.y ? tdi'rr, there lIes .,fiile'
a/t g.:'fit. Upon which I could not
thinking, but that. if he could by any ri
get hrme, he would forget all I had douF1
him, and perhaps bring his countrN men i
my island todeflroy me : But, to my fhaA
fpeak it, mv jealoufy was very ill grrul
for the pobr fellow was of a quite d7tB
difpofition, and as I ogund afietwards, ,
freely have loft hi lirfe, rather that. ha.ii
me, or done me the lcafl injui v. -
Soon after this, I alked him if he hl,
a desire to go into his own country ? }t'p
he, var kfith (0 f j :J &: at mir vi'n lt;: 4
g,, ij yot .;..', Me no g' f you Jfju.V. I go, Fi
laid I, wlt fall I o,' there ? He atnf[we
ma/l-, .a.. do great deal *mutih good. vI,
all tihe wild ,at, is to 'be goid tame mnans, yoi
thn Jib r, la goad life, to A s,.,.. Cof, JJj
Cud. Alas poor Fridav, (aid I, th &t'sJ
my power, neither will 1 vCnture
th,
79 img079.jpg
C R U S 0 E. 2
them : No. you Shall go and leave me alone,
, I was before I faved your life.
Never was any creature more thunder
fitiuck than Frdav was at thele wArds, eL-
pecially when I told him lie would be ;,t lib-
eri'i tugo as loon. a; the boat was ready I'. car-
rv him he put one .A his halchris into mV
.ard., I ly'ne, or/' k/li F iday)' Friday ar I. t
,',. /, : but wXhat nmuifl I kill v-.u for ? (1"ii1
IVA h iT,'-r m.il', ait ,i nd' 7 .; FrLdajvy Ja.
't, ata mre lip., k ,cp li, Fridaiv mat., e Frday
",',.. (',044 amd IL't I.OU Betiamurkee, and rw.o.
li -d'Iv f/r.dt arov, aeuer .;.t Friday more! \Vhcri
lie rFoke this, the tears ran down fo plentifully
ithat I had much ado to refrain from weep;ng
nlSclf ; I comforted h.im in the beft manner
I could; selling him, if he was wiillijg to
ll. y with me, I w-,,uld never past v.ith him as
long as I lived.
In fl.rt. the fellow's honeflvand fincerebe-
b-vio ur Coon convinced me of the unrealuna-
blenels of my jcaloufy, and he became moral
dear to me than ever, Indeed, I thtuiht that
if ever I could gel to the continent, a-id join
ih.ole while men F'r'id'y had mentioned, it
m,,ht be the means to Further nfiy escape ; in
orIler to thick. Frndpv and I went into the
woods to look out a large tree. to build a ca-
noe, which we effeded in about ix weekl-., and
\% th much trouble and pains gnt her irato the
water. 1 was very vwiell pleafed at the la .ch-
ing this littleman of war of mine, which i-'rn-
dILI managed with great dexterity, and affured
me it was in aH points large enough to carry
us over; and if I thought proper, he was read
to venture wAin me.
G I
80 img080.jpg
74 R 0 B 1 ,A S 0 A
I liked the fellow's honiieft pr.pr.fjl, bit, ,
the I'jme lime. 1 thought if I could procure
mail arnd I'dil, it would be better ; which will
ihe .reatLeft bificultly migingable, in zbjut
three months tame, 1 made a flift to, patch ron
gether and after that, I had mn mIIi f, iH
to intllrutt in the rt o'f na igatiLn, which [ei
fore he knew nothing, of.
1 wa now t'cratertd in the Vweniv feventlj
year of my icign, or rather of iny captiviryV
atid kept the annivorljry of mv landing U J4
greater fuilermity thin tever, having tecceived
fuchi repeated -IraJ's ,ft the divine favour
in my delverance, prlfeevatiun and profper-
ity.
I now wanted for nothling, arid vet my
mind was f'ill intent upon my deliverance' i
and in trktah, I h-*d a itron? rnpr"fT.or upoi
me that I lioiuld rint he ar.rher year ir" thi
illand ; but I Rill c.niinjed my hufbandr r
and made the neclfairy preparations f,.,r my
future lubtilenc.. The rain Ialon coming
on, we were forced I cunruntme tait the ino
part within doors, hIvini4 F, rt rmide all ncceli-
tary preparation fir the lecc,.,i' anrid fafeLy o
m% new boit, tll the nmor.tlh of NovenibeJ
and December, at which time I fully deteimini
ed to lail over to the continent. And n(
fooner didit begin t,. draw near, but 1 be.a
to make prepaiationan f,,r "my intended -:, [aed
tion. and in a forttiii ht's t1me, 1 proposed
open my little dock, ind let out the boat f
that purple.
One moving, as I was bury in making pre
arati.os for my voyage, Friajy whonm I h
fent to the fcafide to look fur a turtle, can
ruaLining
81 img081.jpg
C R S 0 L. 75
running in a terrible fright : Says he, I hare
t3J.ini Oj: itiri cre luh'ief. *I jol in ivt
I /, arid ,thy t'ine I., j Fr ,.)If r Fridav,
,.a -:!..'. ,'Z,/ Yv as Zeli as lnc ; and lI'rffore Wu
*i q rrv.t e rf ,hi' for c'. r ';c i.-Sayb fridrv.
tretiahling, w n ip ,i t ,s .;I i. I ..,n but I
; 'jra,:j fhe w r, ti., mastz t- ('r u ti ; ,, 1 ?-il/ ohbycv
i 'r ..I l.ir, nd/lf,. I t r 14c d "I'd I-- 'jij t'olo r 1'ov y.
Without farther dilpute:., we fell to ojiding
our arms, and making eveny thing ready for
the onfet : When we hid double loaded therm,
arid put every thin. g in the bell pollure that
could be, I took my proffp-tive glals, and
wenrt tip to the top of a hill, to try what [
could discover ; and I lfoon perceived there
* wcre nineteen favagues and three priloners,
which I concluded, by their manner of rifting,
were to be devoured.
.. ... _--- =__ _-_
3 his
82 img082.jpg
. R 0 B I A' ,S 0 1V
This difmil and inhuman fpcEntle fillce
me with the ujtmrjll horror and detcftatio
and the more fo, as I law a white mnan. w'i
by their aCi-ons arid preparations. I found
was to be the next facriFice. This made
make all 'he fpc.-d I could, having fully dt
termine 1 to. deliver him or perilh in lie a
tempt fo r gave Friday, orders to follow" in
arid to do every thing he C.w 'mc do.
When we came tu a proper difiance undil
coetred, I gave the word to /Titd.. to fir., A
1 did the very fame momrient. We took oul
aim fo well, that between us, we killed four
and wounded three or four mre.-Nu inal
can imagine the conflernation and coufu1io0
.leie ravages were in upon this uineXpeCte
.accidcrt : lHowever, not to give the.m LrL,
respite we took up omrie other arms, and I1
fly a second time, killed two more. and wound
ed fe'er'l others, which ,added fo to their con
fuion, that they ran veiling and howIrig a
boin like mad creatures. tridAY ITaid I) tr.-
a t-t... /'.t m'i'l- ai d lvt.Yr.a So, flcewini
ourlv'er to them. and at the fanime trmn 1'r,
a qreajt flirGiz. we went di rtcily to i!e vo ini]
and irnretdiatel' c.. th' l.aods fr,,nim l; fiatnd
ahrd Ieg... ami liftng !i.rn uip. I atll.cd him, rj
the Porzug'ierr -longiur, what he was H
tcl, me. in L; ,n. hc was a .'/'a'ird and-.
CThntHia ;. aid zifter returning the lhe' 3
l.:nrt-iledmienl., lie could fir his dclivrianc,
ie w, ;; thouz; to gi.e. an octnounrrof hic n-_i'-f.,
tuer.;, but I pre.-ntird him, telling him. Thi
w,:ij /I 1t!.'r a! atwnilh.r te ; and f-I tLr.
Laid,,
Siriowr
83 img083.jpg
C A U S 0 E.
^inrar, &. 1 7.i'l t al efter;.,ards, but n.i.;i 7*r
,';i,' i. .hjt:i. J gave him a draim and a
FtC.e of bread to refrefhi him, and then ga.yg
1.,in a word and pi ftol, and bKde him d -wlit
I,. ciuld ; and tigivc tOw mm in.s 'lue, IJO One
-.uld behave bhimlelf w b .uLvctr r.. riage, In
lth. %, Iiie E manj.,ed the m.,ter, that of 1w.ei-
i twvo i-r,geii, rit above lhr,!'O r four gotl inPritp
,ine of their canoes, and thole I ieliuL,.e, to
defri.,y hi.o if polliblc ; aetorihirilv, I lcaped
inito one of tliheir c riore, and ortitred. Fkicay
t.. fi,,ll.w nme ; but 1 \%as no f[c.oner got in,
than I faw ano'thei p,,or cit'.ture bound hand
;,nd foot for the Ilaught>-r. 1 piefeutly hel-.v-d
h,,rI up, but he \wa i. I- fiint and weak, that he
c. uld neither filnd C-:r peak. bill giianred
I-,dlv, thinking lie was now ti'f e lacrnilicd.
I Lbadec FriL.I)' i'pCeaik 0in him, and lrul, him.n of
deliverance. When he wasa little riocvercd,
a;r.d lIat up in the boat, and had looked up,-n.
Jiin more fully, you cannot imagine tlc p.,..'
iL Hlow's transport ; at length, when he hadi a
Itli," recovered hiimfelf, lie told me it U'a. hi..
father and in trulh. h g,,ave luch un iitC.
rn>,, teflimo.iies of hi duty and affetLi,.r. -.
I mull. nriteds own 1 %%as vei) WL.uh aid=-,. h
with it.
In fort, willi a greal dial of. difficui-. v -
got both my new gurfLs home l.:, n C,- .._..
where 1 wade them a hrndft i'.A t.,.t, .n11
Ireatcd them in the heft. rianncr m.v r.,
lances w- Arind thi-,, like an abfioltle Kiug4 .-*"ctn-
'd ir\ little diominions : ai.d f1,d11' t'tiii.'
nc > iiubjctl wet.' very ,i ak I ,;J..t.:d .1 P .-1'
W itl uone of my kil.;-., and fic%,.I ;,.,d b,-lIi
G a '.;
77
84 img084.jpg
73 R 1 B I A' S L,'.' :
ft. efl"h and made them fI'me %cry '%-:,d brn
and dined with t'-.r ni' f.-Atw r difiner
ordered Fr:i :v ti,_. ro to ih.- ficid of bat.iikc. a
fetch home th: arm.s ; and then I bide f,1-I
afl_ 'hi father 'hict her he thoug'lit it ,polibri
for the !a%\ ge to ouiride t i' il'ii. or if th
got hown,. mvhcthae he thuught they wcat
not return in great nrurnbers, and endeav'our
delrov u;. Ilis anfwer w.A,. tihat ii the; di
reach their ,\wn cuntiv, hich h-e Ihaid
h-ought p !ti(ic, vet ithe franectL- of th
being attacked .would c:, t3iiv makethiem tI
the pe.pir lthat th.v were d. lime',':d bV thul1
der and lii,,r, nt. amd that '.'%It'itr went i
to the ifland w.3,id certain, be dC< bttcd
th e h a id s of.f th e (,L i d ., a ,,I n -t c.f rrifi a ,
thit thl' .-ind isas cie chanteld ;aid tbat tI
(Uds -nrt fire fr.,,'n above to dcltro,, all thu
that should pinlIme u land in it.
This accuuit having freed me ficnm my a .
prLe'.er:mon'i. ind n.o canoies appealimg, I r
i..Ned to pursue my itenderd s 'yage, t',.i..'*
father ha in., ,laired me thit I m'.'.ht depLnti
upon g.-od uldae fiom the people of h Ci: u
:mTy. As to the Sp.nian.rd, I alkr-d i ira his
pilnio : he told i me the were foutirten th
were cos away- upon the island, and hiat rht
hjd a good underlrandinag with the Indian
lbut were i want of neceirar;es for the r.p!
port of himain ife and that if I thuugu
proper, he anrd the old fsv'ngr -would go ov'
firfi. and fe-tle tnarler', in rider fiur our r i
ctption ; arid at the famt time he told mi
they would all *wear fidlrly to r.-e, amid ow0
wc as their leader.
'Upon
85 img085.jpg
C R U S 0 E.
Upon thcfeIaff'aranges, vekIlIve4 to I-rd
ilh.-n vcr ; bttt when'evcry thing was ready.
,ii, Sp.iniaidiflarted ibis material objektion-
) ,, .." faid lie, kIow ias the n.h uf-y;.or
, I.,f ''Lt" gh I4u MI- h Aarfe. cnugh jhir g3 hate
,. dh* t VLW.J t..t .:oa enlarge *,.,ir/um,-
h., I am /a jti/ c 4 t,,1,i.," befjuffiient It ,pP-.rlta i
!,,.'.;,and tl hrrvr *ry advice is, to wiait aitla r
t,:.' 7fl, aid..an tke mean t7Mn prepare i Acbrs k
.., 6id f pVq !rksrtikr we may ha. 1 rouorvuwjiifii
, l,,:l h. -..rn' Rn oiur d-ign. This adv.ice. I
S'.c d Lex tr rme I aind ruom that.moment I ai%&ayc
lPeemed thbe Sp-rliard and aadehim my privy
t.)'inl ll',r .n all occasions.
We all four went t. work, and prepared
a; much gr.ijnr :as wruld, luw iweny two
bifhidls of barley and lixtenn,of rice. which
wis allI hb l.td we had to Ippre : And at lh.
dfame tirhc I took all the care inimginabic to
,nc:reare and prcfcrve my goats by Ihuooing
thl: ijld dams, and. taliiag th )oungt, kids,
putting then into the inclofures, and ti-ok.
I-ach m-arfujcs, that, by the blefing C C God,
an.! --u.r indu try, after harvetl, we had pru-
Si,.:.ns to vtictual a fhip for any paz.t of Anmer-
ic-i.
Tihe principal occafinix being thus Anfwered,
I ga-'e W)y two anmbiU'adujv- a muLkct. eadli,
wirth charges of powder and ball ; with. pro-
Silijns fit for the expedition, and away I lent
therm ; they had noc beoq gone a furtnight,
b-ut I began to be impatient for lhir return.
WVhilft my thoughts were Fprpetully ra.irp
lip with theespctlationof them,a very firange
accddcnt happened, which was firfl diicovered
by) my man Feida),, who crc morning care
runnin g
86 img086.jpg
go R 0 B I N S 0 A
running unto me, crying out. They a: '.
are come. Upon which I jumped frc.min n' bC'
and looked-towards the fea. I pr'-i -cd
boat about a league and a half difta-]C. ILii,
ing direly in for the fhore. I f,.'-n f.If
that thefe were none of the compa,. thb.t U
expe&ed ; for by the help of my glal:, I f.,in
that this boat muff belong to fome fhbp. '. liic
by caffing my eyes about, I plainly '-lic,. c-,
lying at anchor at fomrne distance at fia whrl4
by the fafhion of her longboat, &c. I conclid-
ed muft be an Englifl veffel.
Great were my tranfports upon tl; unc-.:
peded ,fight, which brought into mI
frelh notions of deliverance: and ,.. I hi
fome cautionary thoughts, which I c- rif-fi
were of ufe to me afterwards. IJ v. -, n
long before I faw the boat approach i',c i,-.re
and then I was fully convinced that 0 c. jr r
Englifh. I faw four of them leap 111ii hi
fliore, and take three out with them. il-t, 1. .,k
ed like priloners, 'who, I obfer il i..,d4
paffic'tate gestures of intreaty ; and r .A. k: n w
ing what the meaning might be, I k,'e
to Friday to go to the top of the -*,, .r. r.i -in
and make what difeoveries he could hfi
in a little while returning back, 0 ? i'A
he) you fee EnglI.A mans eat triftner ..'
fiavage mans I But of this I foo,n .-I,,IL-e(
him to the contrary ; and yet I 'c, Id nor
help thinking but there muft be forn .11in*, ve
ry barbarous in hand. I could nct [,-.iL e'tV
that they had any fire arms, but Y.il,-r Iia'
they were preparing to kill their "h'. c. n
panions with their fwords ; and n w t %%a
I lamented my want of pawer to piefCriI
L h 11'. !
87 img087.jpg
C Rx.L S 0 E.'
thei.. HTowever, Qto my great fati'fafioD, 1
kound tha. they turned Lhem up into the del-
olie illand, as they thought, t0 he either Ifarv-
rl or devoured by wild bcats. ar.d then mmb-
led abomt the wood to make obfervations, till
tho tide wks gone, and the boat was aground.
.4
~" ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ jS.----^^J^- l; ^
In rluort, I cotlidercd whvt fi->rl or onyn I
had now to dcal-with, and therefore refloled
I', act wilh all. the caution iniaginable, and to
'onrluded it was bell ntlto. make any attempt
0ll it grew dark :.But zhe'day being exceffiv,-
lv htt. I.coricluded ihe,a 4lors were of course
lild in the. Ihade to fleeW; and. perceiving Liht
three poqr dilconialae, ,eaturszs fitting unldr
a tre, at ore fInMall distance from me, 1 m-ade
ru more to do, but went up to ithcm, ailing
thcm, in the Spanilh tone, wh. at th were ?
AL
88 img088.jpg
82 R 0 B I A' S 0 N.
At which they flarted tip, and being furpri
void me but I called to them in Englilh,.
not /be ttjau.., for ,i Iwur a fnr'nd "e,,er ., .
th ,2 l'"u t.x iti ; /... v.'ur- .Af./ ;n1, a;id ,f it
in r.vy /'.'., r, I 'ii /t rr v,,tz Iaitl.iit '' Sir, ;l'
one of thc'm hfrv n .. /tl,' et 12! t Pn,;
,.'di mi/ler oj tha .' ti p / :atl lit's ..,/Rvr ,it an,' .h
Prji' ituri t /',u'i7.'7 u .ltl d. it i *I ta z Iur tri/V. /lf
, l E.inj.ipqi/rr'7,ir,! iar.at anil Mfir., ,JZi ore Cmt
S-lfand a a iz.'.,uf in '',.Jr'n. "' t i,.,h ; ha' r
Pro/,tl tntl ,n,,Ii ,..TI,, f"r ,n! IF '4 v,:,-
Js vf bltr.-H!a;,: tiv aiy, jfir, ar', "' faidj
Or/y tlzi fu.azfcc i, replied lie, *,:, ..i. ,./ ti'y
7.)aw lft in /,it boiat ; ah'/, if it t1 o .:fterj
rognt s that ae with ti/rt in uc,. e LAkLtn, I
ptrttty dell afkaud the reft ,,,'uln return to At
duly. Well. 1fid I, let us retire a little fa tl
under the covering of the wood, and we w
talk fartherj and there it was I made my c
ditions with them, which they) veiy graLlf1
anrid honeilly perroimed.
It was not louna before we came to a rtf
tion to go' and attack; the illlains i the r
men fired on therm;, and killed one ofthe cr
tain's greateflt enemies, and wjunfdtd ainoth
the reft cried out for mercy, which was grai
ed them. upon rtmdition they would fivcad
be true to him, in helping himn to recover'
ahip which they all piomifed todo in a fol4
maainer : however, ladvifcd the captain;
keep them bound, and then our next care',
to fecure the boat, without which -it was?
poffible to reach the rhip. a
To flhorten the relation as muph as .
bic, we cdricezed all our meafuris f1o wolt
89 img089.jpg
C R U 8 0 E.
,it ifl, the fhip was recovered according to
our w;fli and now tlieae remained nothing
but the difpol'al of the priloners, the molt.
da-,aeruls of which we rdlolved to leave on
ih,- illaud. I gave them arms, and all the nec-
e:jlies I had in my called: and telling them
aill my whole flor-, I charged them to be kind
to the Span;ards that 1 had fent forever. They
prcr mifed me very fair. and fo I.informned them
,.f every thing neceffary for their Ilubflrftencc ;
if takiftg with me my man Frida' my money,
mry parrot, &c. I went on board whey the
'.'ptain treated me as his deliverer and behav-
eCl himself to me with the utmolt gratitude and
c, ilitv. Uppin the is-th of De,.e'&r, 1686, we
I L fail. ind landed in England the iith of
';eH, 1687, after 1 had been abfenit from my
native-c'iuntry upwards of thirty five.years.
.\ after my arrival, and I had a litlLI-Tefrefi-
ed mvlclf,l'I be-ari to inquire into the Rawe of
in. affairs I fu-und my filll Captain's widow
alive. but in very mean circumllances. Soon
ailtcr I went into Yorkl'hire, wherb' I found
my, f-imily in general either dead or loft, to
ih.at 1 knew not where to find them. I found
liia t here was no provision made for me ;
upo.n which I took my man Friday and wenIL
to I.rlbon in order to find the Portiguefe
I ap Ftain who to9k me onr, board on the coaft.
i ol Afica : any'to leaso, from him, what was
become of my plantation at Lth'e Brazils. Ac.
cording to my wiflth, -after fome litilc fearrh I
ILfund him out. and he gave me a very laris-
latory account of all matters., more;particu-
larly .,f my plantation in the Brazik ; which
had bee Co honetilly maui3ged in way abfence,
that
90 img090.jpg
84 R 0 B I N S 0 A
that beyond my expeaation, I four.1 n'(i
worth 40001. fterling ; with which. f'uO
as poffible, I refolved to make the b. it .l r-4
way to England ; and by the' advice o t
Captain, I was perfuaded to go bv i!na
which had like to have proved fat,.l
and all that were in my company: f,-.: Ih
fnows being fallen, the wolves and bcai
were driven out of the woods, and hu
there were more than 20 of us togeth r. I Lh
fet upon us many times, and indeed. I wr
not without the greateft hazard and dii-,,:li
we preferred ourfelves from being d.'>.,re<
the particular relation of which would b,- tq
long to trouble the reader with.
In our farther paffage through i 3rnci
we met with nothing uncommon or r, in -r
able ; we got fafe to Paris, and after a flio
fray there, went to Calai' and landed -,t Dv
the 14th of January in a very cold fe. .,n.
When I came to London, I found rrn ,' bi
of exchange all arrived, and the mon- read
to be paid at fight, which when I had r-i
ed, it came into my mind to return tc. I. ibol
and from thence to the BraAils, to 1-. I ati
my plantation ; but upon second tI;,IC,.h4
I concluded it beft to fell it, and on ci-i ai
count I thought it proper to write to .mv c
refpondent at Lifbon, and defire hbs advid
and affiftance, who readily gave me hi. proa
ife to do all he could for me ; and i-, ir.,:h
I afterwards found he acquitted himi'-!f to c
in every particular with the greater ,.iit
and integrity.
In fhort, he fold my eflate for me 13 iN
beft advantage, and remitted to n-.c fc r i
bLil
91 img091.jpg
CR USO E. 85
bills for three hundred and twenty pieces of
eight, a fum much greater than I expected.
And now I began to think it high time to
fettle myfelf, Providence having'made fuch a
plentiful provifion for me that I wanted noth-
ing to make myfelf as happy as I could wifh.
Having caft my anchor, and for the pref-
ent bid adieu to all foreign adventures, I
had no other care or concern upon me but
the education of my brother's two fons. One
of them I bred a gentleman, and the other I
bred an able failor ; and foon afterwards I
married a virtuous young gentlewoman, of a
good family, by whom I had two fonrs and
a daughter ; but, The dying, I grew difconfo-
late and melancholy, and at the inftigation
of my nephew, refolved I would once more
make a voyage to the Eaftindies, which I did
in the year 1694, and in my paffage visited my
Ifland. A full and particular account of
which I intend fihall be the fubje& of the fab-
fequent parts of my narrative.
FAP.Tir IU'-
92 img092.jpg
86 R 0 B I N S N A
FA R T E I
ADVENTURES
o r
ROBINSON CRUSOi
Cratuamnin a full 'actmount if his travels and rewarA
able trarlf.,zonitfr boyh tYfea and land.
Y new kingdom ran continually in slt
mind, and took up my thoughts day al
eight, infomuch that my wife took notice
it, and wpuld often alk me the reafon of
exLraordinary tboughtiulnefs, fuppofing ti
marriage with hen might be the caule.
tender and endearing exprclfions, iocgelh
with the concern I had for the prefervanon V
my family at length brought me to a refolutij
.to fettle myfelf in Inme hxed way of living
accordingly, I bought a little farm in Bedforn
thiue, and (foon provided me a flock wilh
other implements hi to manage it to the b3
advantage. In this rural retirement I began
tl-ik t m(lelf as happy as could will, wht
on a fadden. all my happinels was dcfiroyed
the unexpefed dealh'of my wife.
Her death gave me a fort of contempt
the world, and filled me full of dilfrreA
thoughts'"
93 img093.jpg
C R U. S 0 E.
thoughts and .inclinations. My ,coxnwty life
giew burthcafome to me : And in iohrt, let
may farm, left of hboufe keeping, and in a. few
months4ftr, ltumoned. toeLoadoa ; but. there.
I could fipd nothing to entertain me and divert
my ..mlancwoly. It was the beginning of the
year 1693, when my nephew, whom IJiad bred
up to thbe .fea, w.a&i tetuned from Nhas voyage,
Captain of _the,,ip .be. wa.oput in ; who coCm
ing to~m~ ~ae boring, told me, it wau. prp-
poPkJ to him. by fnmc nmr:hawts to make a
voyage ao the Eafli4t wo 4l uqdirt4ke to laid mq, uon may. illand,
that I might have adi..oppqruwuty.jto inquiKc.ia-
to the lafeof mynew kingdomi. .
q.u(befi. .hp.caac. to me,.U cam uinte oy'
tbougfrs tQ get atpateot, anfill my IlIand withL
inhabitants. Whpi deaz4, aid I, fiet ,oxhuiAcrr
'z isus mjpe ? And -though I ltkcdsthei,
moliop, ye .*vout r Ot ,4t him know it at,
I fi It; 4weveri' aftqr Oltle pauf, .I told hipt
if he would fptwe'dowaand Call Iormnsc at f
return,, I wqnhl ceMrtainlty go with ahim, As
tW calling fhr m6 as he came back he told ainn
it was .s. &1lc.e. But, kid *he,. I itL tell
o& iohat i',e can da'.; We nay, #have- a flewp ready.
afrunedi on 69.zhrd., we pu emy raft4x, ptA. itie-
ir a: at tit'.i, .apd yft manay -rctni at your fica-
I was pot lorg .ia foring my rdol4udnusa
but ctontwry to the advice of alt my itndNs,
Fully desjmined lo.uqwlrtakc the voyage';.
and, in order to it,. I ,mBld ay will, and 4ut
all my a'airs in the.behl.ipoAure I could pou-
fibly. and fo with my tiruny fervant Fridat .in
the beginning of January, 16941, I went on
board,
94 img094.jpg
88 R 0 B I N S 0 N .
boadd,uakdaook with mae several artificers wift
good crgo, for the better -focking m.y ,flaa
We had #ot been longout at fea, but we wrl
oenijken by a fiorub which drove us up
bthnoaft" of Ireland, as far as Calway, w]6
we wera obliged toftay twenty days for a w;l4
On the 5lh of February, the wind prefelt4t
and we had a very good gala 'for several d4
On the olh in -the evenitg,'ti:rd mate calN4
outl that he taw a flalh of lire, and heard a .uJ
upa. :Wnbihcb. we all ran to the quarter detf
from wbawce, at a diftaace we' faw a terriE
fir, .whieh, t rsa out reckoning, wfr-roncludi
ceatdb.benm other Mo ag4hip -that bad tak4
fire at fea, and that it c6utld hot be far off 4
he reporttof the gun, which we heard fcvet
times. We made to it with all our fail, a
foote perceived it was a great bip burning
the middle or the (ea ; I immediately ourd4
ed five guns to be fired, tKat ttIe por peoTl
might petceite tbatthec* was dli-verance I
haWd, who codukqaootly mnight'Ti&- tteirlidj
' in their boats; nor was i long before the fai
btlew up. "
We hungsout our Jlanherrnsb and about ci#
in the aerrfiing:4 when it began to be light, -A
faw two boats making towards us, and id
made a signal for then to conre on beard ad
took them all up, being men, women and chi
dan-,ia atl lixry four. It was a Frtnch fi
of go. tons, bound -from Canada, and by t'
neg&igraetof the f[Leerfman it was fet on i
it tie' tearage; fo that in all probability,
povidenee had not Ieat us to their ffiftta1,
they had every foul periflied. -
; Neier'
95 img095.jpg
. C R U S 0 P.
Never. were peospc, certainly fo &nrjoycd;
as thrcf -#ar cruaures were. A.sfag v-ahc
paffcngew stbn 'were two priels, an M id to"e
and a young on.; the old one wasix Rupid
fkllow, bic the young one was a very m=*Kit
fine getmlcmat. After thdivrkr.Jw'W.sas pte.-
ty wti over and -they had hatn rcheffieed'
the t eft: manerL ou". flip woti allow, 'the
capain anadoue of the priefts defired-atotpeik
wirth- me, nmd.oflced us-the money .and jewels
thery had fawtd, which 1I refued,'leiing tieon,
ou r- daftifs- wias *lafave t"h, as4 nta to piusdn-
tIirt. They told us, what they -had todefrrht
of usw.m, .to fet thnm on tote fonic where -ia
OUT paffagc.. As to landing, we tolid them, ;bat
bcizgWmound to the Eadtidires, we could nat dn
tirat withoutchanging oir-4moaurie, aid .ift we
eoald .'q6r jflify,; but we wtiad carry thman
till *ect. with a fhip bound either to Ewgland
or Fran e .that would take tbem on boadt;
howner, our promifrons bgintinigt.p fall fbaR
wve stfaved to hland tlhet-at Newfonndiat,
which was not much oitr of-our, way-. Ad
aceoroing;y- as we proposed, I\i.. About a
week's time wr came to Ithe banks of New(-
foundland; *her& they hired .a bark to carry
themato-France, all but the young piefft'-and
two or Atine of'tfc failorn, who chofe to go
witlrAiSfr L r. 1
Now direfing our course to the S; S. "E.
about twenty- days after we mea with sbthlbr
advcnxlrtc that gdve us htfrefh bpporttmihy to
excrcifeour hwuanrty. '-in Jlaitude of 4e, wa"
faw a fai bearing towitds us that had loft t&
her IPaf4, add filing a ga in token of diLsre%:
the wind icing N. wt foaO carho up to fFeak
1 11 2 to
96 img096.jpg
1
9o R 0 B I N 6 0 N
to her, .and found her li he a .-liip of Briol6A
hound bometg 'iron aibadoee, thin had- bee
drw anBut of Lhe'road by a furiamns wicased
They bad bern tcwilefcd about, forfeveral days
ard werec almoll .larved for want of piroviiorsi
having eaten thing for eleven days. "1
In this Ihip were three paiTcngers, a gentile
wmaiaN, her lut and a maid ifervant : thele 'w-
foasd in a sol. milerabe conditioir that cas
be wagi'ned. The woman died, and it wat
with the gteatelQ 4dilulty tbat we prrfervedi
thc.Tyoing man and maid, whom, at their in.-
trear., ate.r 'we had uppedd the 4bip wlhj
what we could fpalre, we took on board ousd.
owa.nfihip. rWe were wow .in. latitude- 19 ; but.
paffing by Ionie liule imciAdents, I f(hall relatq
what as saofti remarkable relating to my btilq
kingdom to which I w as now drawing nigh.
It was with no Imall trouble 4hat we goi to tbh
fopih fide of my rlland : however, at lall wg
cametoan anchor attlie rnouLh of tha littl
crm,' and then I ioon law my old callUe, an 4
kqi parfclIHy where I was. -4
\Vhen I was certain of the place, I called tq
Friday and alked him if he knew. wheic h
was Ruint when be looked a little, he cJappc4
hip handar crying, U-,, ) 0 thire y-'i / 4
hrce W Me AL I *Alr vret Thkre mnich ai w
.t,.rC / and fell to jumping and dawriig as if b4
wtre ntad.' *
WWa*@ the Eoglilh andieiaL was spread. m4
wei'hd fiid-ehree guns, to lo thor know I4
were friends, I hung But the white h ag, an. Li
wviih the young pried, apnd my man Friday,
wenson lIhore. And who should be the Lid
man I law, but the Spaniard, whole life I ha.
Lived ;
97 img097.jpg
CA R U S 0 F. 1
fave&,; .andibriday, who feaw his fafier at a
difaLce, raw. to if m with Mal the jgy 'inagia-
bie, and enubmace, him With eatrende t2afe-
twes.
It was the ioth of Ap-wi-'t.t I fet my faot
on More ac second time, when. my {aithfyl
Spaniard, accompanied by one more, came tup
to mw ; be didnot knownme at firft ; but when
I had hinted to him who I was, no.man could
expiefs or. biehae hiomfOf wkhtt'grftlar- ati-
iude. --I-i'oek:it by -tOe hariad "d aflbd me
i( I'vwaold noe-g -and take-pffeion-.of my old
habitatiob svcrc four hey hads made con-
fidashle impiovemeni.s. 1-atrd -hir fekvrat
que&ivns, and he as Ieadiy "twered me, tell-
ing me withal what ftrangf colfufipu they.
had wnb the Engliffintb, wh$o defigwed -la
haveaumtdomd them: While we wet lalkiktg
the sa whom ho had4nm Teturned with eleven
more. Thel-faid ihe; are fome af thale that
owe their .1iV. to' your grodntfs. ,' -Atd matter
he had made blum'{enfib) '-wbo I was, they all
fahued me irt a. v-rygratefil and handfomy
Sat.ntnr. .
EkedoreI retaiM what happened in the ifltand,
a2 it was Teiald by the Spaniard, my (GoverwOr,
1 mtqp not omiva ftary which I rnnttt0' in tny
fofmtnt artratvuw ; jzift tufore w weig~fd an-
chor, the tA htpreTd U quarrel an boaf0rfwhich
by I'ecaier f rt captain was-inielyr7n*hied
though ntot withenutkaine difiefulry : Ahd.itdAtd,
Iofwar it pribedwithaPtwo ftlIWos, tin -had
been ithe :ingleid"e UMtd.-nealns in dhe ti'ft,
;o get hrme &704 aO-'te flfrtp's boa*, and rt
away toi tike ILan4s sad jatned their blA er
rogue' ; fo that Wo t 6t *re five v Euitrh im
the
98 img098.jpg
a O B I N S 0 XN
the ifland, which, as the Spaniard rep-,rts
the following narration, was the caute of gTe
d'forder and confufion amongtt then-.
The Spaniard's relation of what hap.p a i; t, t
Jjland,from ny departure timy feco?,.: t_ i,, -
YTOU may remember, fir, you fent mnie o i
A. a voyage ; and indeed, I was not i lirtl t
furorifed to find, at my return, that ycu ha
left us. We had a very good palfage ; aid in
deed, my countrymen were overjoyed If, find t
had fo miraculonfly escaped; and- vhrn I had
fhewed the arms and ammunition whi icr I had <
brought, they were tranfported to ihe h g .er
degree. After a little ftay, we gut whit we
could from the favages, made bold w i, I o o o
their canoes, and fo came all of us over to th
iftland; where we had no fooner landed, bu t
we found the Englifhmen had quarrelled wt ii
one another, and had attempted to minuider anrl
deftroy their fellows, and were often vety nea
putting their wicked pra&ices in execaL n,. 1
One day it happened, that as tuo of myn i
Spaniards were in the woods, one of the fo-:
bereft of the Englifihmen came up to them, and
made heavy complaints how cruelly they were
ufed by their countrymen, and that it we did.l
tnot take them under our protection and give'
them iTffilance, they muft inevitably be Ildtve
and undone. When they came to upper, on
of the Spaniards, in a gentle and friendly man--
ner, began to reprimand the mutinoLus Englil h-
men: That it was a great pity their countrymen
should
99 img099.jpg
C R U S 0 93
should feriflf, and therefore intreated them to
fuffer their countrymen to procure their fub-
fiftence without farther diflurbance ; to wh'ch
they replied, Let them flarve and be damn'd, for
e i?!.;,,' is oiurs, and if they will not work for us,
tey fijall have o jfhare in it. Come jack (fa:'d
Atkins) .haJntal dare to build in our dominions
zitihvt our confint ? And as we afterwards
found out, they had certainly murdered them,
if they had not been prevented : However,
they pulled down their huts, and did them all
the damage they poffibly could. When they
had done this villany, they came back to the
cafle, boafting of what they had done; when
one taking hold of a Spaniard's hat, twirled it
round, saying, And vou Signior yack Spaniard.
jfi.a, have the faanefauce if you do not mend your
manners. This quarrel in a fhort time grew fo
-high, that if we had not timely interpofed and
taken away their arms, in all probability there
had been murder.,
Thefe wicked fellows, perceiving that they
I had made all of us their enemies, began to-re-
lent, and to beg for their arms, but this we pof-
fitively refufed, which made them fo mad and
defpcrate, that they left us in the greateflt paf-
fion imaginable. They were hardly gone but
their two countrymen came to us with their
complaints, telling us they were ruined ; and
truly fir, we could not help thinking it very
hard, that nineteen of us should, from time to
time, be bullied and insulted by three fuch no-
torious villains.
It was with fome difficulty we perfuaded
their two. countrymen from purfuing and kil-
ling them with their fire arms, but upon our
promifing
100 img100.jpg
94 R O B I N S O N .
promising that they should have juflice don
them, they defifted. About five day a fteti,
being almost ftarved, they came to us in a %ery
fubmiffive manner, and begged heartil> to have r
their arms reftored, which upon certain con- J
editions we at laft granted. But 1o great was f
their villainy that there had not pall above I
three days, but they began their old trade t
again. f
And now it was that an accident happened, f
that not only obliged us to lay afide all private
animosities, but likewife to provide for ouI V
mutual security. 4
One night, as I lay inmybed, I wa diftlurh- c
ed with unufual fears and apprehensions. I V
got up, and related the matter to cne of my V
Spanifh friends, who anfwered,fuch '.:w', ;.,i' C
not to eflighted; and advifcd me to look out P
carefully ; adding, that certainly there z.js omne."
inifchief upon theflocks. Accordingly, we went ti
up to the top of the mountain, where \e dif- 0
covered a light, and heard the voices of federal t
men,'"which terrified us exceedin:gt!. \\'g u
could not tell what to conje&ure, and there- z
fore tent out old Friday as a fpy, to try ,f he,- iT
could learn who, and from whence the-. ,ve re ; t
he returned in a very fort time, and b,-,'jht F
us word, that t/ey a ere two i : t .' :.'. df
,.'" -'r. nations; and that after a blk..) *a'V'', mn
they had landed there by mere chance, I '.,. to tI
devour their p "." -*. ;.and that he ',e't'. vs, b
John as it was light, a bloody battle w .,', -n e. at
Old Friday had hardly ended his reaction, burt
an unufual noife gave us to understand thaI the I
engagemaerit was begun ; aud i.othing could bh ,-'!
-more bloody and obftinate, nor men of more
invincible
101 img101.jpg
C R US O E. 95
invincible fpirits, nor more a&ive and ready in
their way of fighting.
We were undoubtedly', fir, in a great con-
flernation, lef they should run into our grove,
and deftroy what we had, and fo refolved to
put ourfelves upon our defence, and fhoot the
firf that should approach ; and as we appre-
hended, fo it happened; for three of the army
that was vanquifhed, came directly to the place
for fhelter ; but thefe I would not fuffer to be
flain, but had them furprifed and taken alive:
And in truth, they all proved very e':.',elent
fervants, and were of great ufe to us afterwards.
The two parties being gone off, and the coat
clear, we went to the place of battle, where
we found two and thirty dead upon the fpot,
with feveral bows and arrows, and other forts
of weapons, which I ordered to be carefully
picked up and carried into oar armoury.
Tais difmal fpe&ftacle had that effe&: upon
the three troublesome Englifhmien, that much
of their turbulent temper began to abate, and
they began to be good friends, and tm think
unanimously what was belt to be done for our
mutual security and prefervation.-And, accord-
ingly, all hands were at work to strengthen
the fortifications of our Caftle, and provide a
proper security for all our provisions; and in-
deed, we did both with all the caution that the
nature of our circumstances would allow. And
thus for two years we lived in a very comforta-
ble retirement, having neither feen or heard
any thing of the favages for all that time.
But now there happened another quarrel,
which might have proved of very bad confe-
quence, if it had not been prevented in time.
The
102 img102.jpg
g R 0 B I N 0. ;V
The thrqy wicked EnglifhPen beir.g tia
greffors, I ordered them to be dilit.rued,,-
left rbe.cafe to be determLiaed by thle other..
JElaUfblrien, who feacrced, the, to he
. ed, alleging, ampng wohert things, that they,7
a design to murder us,, and oly de.eJred, it
Sa.proper opportunity; upop which I a
Altkins, who was the ringleader, what we,,
done io them to deserve .if be mnurd-.
Vwat he. bad to fay for bhiinfelf, whb we
not imusiqd'aIly k.ill him, wio Ia low
fucha vslainou dcfign to m -rder us i',I in
tpc Rgislhmen penffded' ery. hd to hang'
L thqafor an exainle tothe others; but
"1 "would by DnO means confent Jo, upon.
conidczatiw that i owed, my life to an
gIhma., to'yoau fir,-y or, nly prelerver;
aver, to put qt out of their powef to do u-%
farther milchif, e debe.crmiued, thAl for
utre, tey Thould have'no arms ofny f
and tht.if they did again a.temprt to give
$PciqLqy asy manner of difllAtbance, tite
woudc4nw'iedlaiely-dlioot theraJikk wild b
Ae; tfist J o'rdere4 them fame proviGo
their pr4fent lubfiClence,. and appointed t
5apl1e ji a,remote palt. of the ilzind. w
they Might. plant and mn4ake what );imrovem
they t.hougs proper.
SThey) tidlwi.d fixc montk ip this fep
ation, and. 4ad got iq their -ii 3 Ba
wbcb, tat teafuo, was but vety i-nl, as
weCrs naturally .pot .onl, very idle, but;i
every thing to begin 'arii_, and whbi w'a. w
wereGit very indzffqrent workpjen it the[
The)fe fellows growing depeeate and v.ra
itg, toik a new whimM into Lexr bI
IAS)
103 img103.jpg
C. af u 0.
which m .. .t .h.Avq be q.
ihfsm frj. s e ap '+ + r,,,+,r j+nigy i .+po
S, ," ", o+.; .* A. .; +, + i +, ,+.ib'=
,..,+UY .
m; T, 2, ,
ba 1e IF1 wfe w~e~ nfltaJittltlcB
^st~j~ i tboH^'u~s, y++a-
i u a
And i'n "lnjihdtlfcnI cotdhe diefr.o id'la tnr
ed 1i~t di* of ouri ig~~dipro lj&iig ^ lir as t
wad b'ihci.^e^S~davi'rs tichwa hJfi g 6 ato ring
our aig, d thepothir *p ,', ..
C.W In' 0 .A e ++eft
.fi--m" lo wh io.al
t.hbei'wy or; m 'rt /r ,rcely aittiogqth',ydpali
d, .... ,t h b'. ,,
wot ,'. .;.. ; tS t e ''Be -vp ae 'c ii ',p.
. s iapr. e-., lelia us, We 'Mr. ..,.l n+t ot'
A -i tthC Wf, 0wbrjw b
';. ~ ~ ~ ~ CA 4i,;" m,"" '"" p
104 img104.jpg
98 R 0 B I V S 0 A'
wonder ceased, Our 'next inquiry was ir
the nature and manner of their voyage, a
the Yeafon of their fo fpeedy return ; of .
which one orF them gave the following relati
Afier two day's fail, we reached land ; |'
finding the ihRbabicanls favages, and corm
with their bows and arrows to give us an
welcome reception, we thought 11 proper
make the bell of our way leering norihwar
in our paltage we discovered several lit
islands which seemed to be inhabited ; at if
of which we refolved to go on rhore at albit
ards; which accordingly we did, at one t
lay n3olt to the weft ; here we found
natives very courteous to us, giving us w
they could procure. Among ihefe bofpitab
Indians we (laid federal days, inquiring
figns what nations lay near them, and were 1
formed that there were feveral! nations ti
lay nigh to them, that weie accu[fomrd to
mankind, but for their parts, they were
accustomed to eat friuch I-ot of diet, except fu
as they took in battle. We' inquired hI o
long it was lince they had had a battle, aq
whether they had any prifoners ; to whii
they made anfwer, by their figns that it w
about two months, and their King had noi
two hundred priloners, which he refelrvod
the laughter. Mighty deliitouiwe were to
thore prilfoners ; which they miffook, a
thought we wanted rome for our own ufe,
made figns, that at the next riling of the Sri
we shouldd have fome ; and accordingly, at -
very time, they brought us eleven men and
women, juft as cows and oxen ate brought
a fea polt town; a fight 1hat gave us all .
great
ita :
105 img105.jpg
c k u S T.
gieat deal of horror, and what to do we could
not tell ; to refufe them we.knew would be an
unpardonable afliOnt, and I'd dilpofe of them
me knew not how. However, we rfclolved to
atcept of them, and gave them in retain a few
tihes'that we had in the canoe ; fo taking our
lea'e, we'failed to the next island, where we'
let eight of the men at liberty '. with 'the telt
we made the heft of our way to our island ;
and though w tre atcd them all ad well as we
could, we could by no means convince them,
but that they were to be 'killed and devoured.
This, fir, ended th qrarr.ltive 6f'he f three
defperadocs ; whereupon 1 afked him where
their new family was, choosing t6 fee them ;
ihey told nime they were at their huts ; fo we all
went to fee thewr.
When we caie ,tb' the huts, we found' thTee
well proportioned .peh,.and fiV.e women, all
naked and-boind, rouirof them might be from
vcr.ty four" to, (Orty, but, the othej was a
omtly maidh,6f a6hbout feventeen ; they. wrre
all very agree.ibl6, imn4 their behav;,i'ir feem-
oi to be very inndcQ. Their nak-d apfc.ar-
jrce, wit there mifery -of thtir counditioun, waS
., very agreeable light.
HBut now, fir, having women among us,
ulhich I ibtflujght '-ight pmetimes occasion
Tiarrels, I '"Iked the. three l'nglijlhman how
ilhey prdpoft- to' drrpolfc of tlhei famili&-. ;
adding, that I wis not going Ao lay any ri-
llrint on [hem; on'v I would desire, that
thev wolid each take one- and, after they
had chosen which they had a mind to, ro
orher man should prefumrc ii tduch her.-
X\Vell
106 img106.jpg
'1
* "do R C B I N S V A
'VeIl to this they all agreed and fo ithe
concluded to draw. lots for the choice.
And now, fir,. I lavy hefoeic you a fcei
quilte different from any thing that has be
related. One morning, very .early, tire
came Eve canoei of Inldians on flore, 0
their old acrountt of de'vouring their prifoa
ers ; all that we could do w.,i to lie conceal.
ed till their bloody ceremony was. over, an
to take proper meafitres to dc'fed ourfelv
in c.ec of nred. But, rotwiihflanding a
oir cautior,S there happened an unhappily
difafier. that had like to have occafioned t
utter defolation of the island .' for. .fier c
id'.age's were gone off, my Spaniards ard,
looking out to mAe observations, we fc-un
three lovages that hadi gorged themfelves I
irfg fill afleep upoo the ground.
V'hat to do with thcrm'we could not tell
to murder them we thought would nor.t b
juflihable according to the law of Chrillianj
ty, having no previous quarrel with them
at l-ift we thought it adviLible to fcecur
them a-live, and 'let them about forne wor
or other, till we could dilpofe of them :an
accordingly we took them pr"uoneis, and ct
tried tlheiin firl to our cafle, 'arid then
the two Englifih, who fnon found ihem tre
ployment but fur want of ke,.ing a (1ri
guard over them, one of themn"got away in%
the woods. and wais not heard of for fo1
time.
This unlucLy accident' gare- us grea am.
prehenfions thit, hbv fome way or other, t
faragr woull find means to get into his 614
,.u2lttrV, and i;;frm his countivimen li1oi
weatk !
107 img107.jpg
C R U 6q 0 F.
wveak we were, arnt conCiqiLer.Lly that they
%sould come over and deltlry u all ; nor Ji-
deed were our potions ill grounded ; for, in
elghL mcrrhi ,hier. ir,-rc cdrie fix canoes,
with ten menu iIL.eOcb,,and lazndcd % ithmin Ida
than a mile 'of he Enclliian's habitatior.,
x ho, with the greatell terror imaginable, let
their milch gQi.s looie into the woqdd, and
r-in to Lheir Ifecrat cave, rcliIlvrg to defend
tihemnilelves till we c.-uld come ;u their alE i1-
3aI-. c. -
.JIt was not long. bc'rtec they could fce their
haitatLon..',n flames, ad i h Livagis ia pur-
lait of 'them .in several fnoil parties ; upon
which they trok tlicir .fianl at a ci.nvciniert
place, and di+rimincd io defend ihem-ifties to
the very lai extremity.
While they were thlus expLEting them, llthe
rvagecs cane ,in ; one of them was ihe run-
away, who had been the caufc o-f this mil-
chief; and he they r-T'oiel f-iould be the
'irfit that suffered, let what would be the con-
Iequence : a;in',l a'iccordingly, as was CL.'riccrt-
ed, the fitft let fly ; and indr:-td he i,,k his
aim fo well thut he killed the F.)rn:ufrt nut-.
right, ihot the runaway through ithic body,
ard wounded Lhe third.
Sad and dreadful was tie outcry the
wounded Indians made, being quit.- intfcnliblc
from whence their sudden dctlirj torun came,
;,nd as w were informed, hel.ie'cd that they
were, deliroyed by- thunder rnd lightning,
having never hcfobe'beard or kcen any thing
like a &un. 'hilflt tley iv were in this con-
flernation, the Englihmen had time to new
.oad their gui.s, and, firirjg both together up-
I a Uon
lot
108 img108.jpg
.02 A' U B I 0 .. 0 A
.in another party of five, who were" fandin!
bv the two ticy had wounded, thc fell t12
the ground as if they had been killed -. upoAi
vhich the two Englifhrnen went to themE
without charging their gnus. which wa S
very wrong flep : for, when' they "we,-. corn m-'
lip, they found four of ihemM alive, two !l.;ht
iv wounded, and one nriot at all. LUpnon'
which they werei f.'ri:ed to [.j-e the but ends"
of their orulkeI-, and knock fltem on thel
head, and toi.k him that w,; nt \ w,,rdnirdr.
and bound him at the font if a trxe hard lv,4
Qnd 4.hn n.ide all the hanile ithlv c.iild to-l
ards ihe ca e to fice i'f all wis w,-llthii' r::I
ar.d firidini7 every ihing l ffr. they came I.ck"
to the tree where they ieft the Indian bor,'l,
.ii'd fonirl. to th.-ir great lurpi!!e, he a''
gone. Now the' wr',E in ..rc-t-r fe-.r and
canfthui'm than be'fore- b'it vt.,le IliL wvere
c 3ni'J':ring whitt wi3s proper to d,,. Ic(v'e
Sr)anriard c-;mp uLp to tlr.:m. brinjngi, w!;hI
liom tha.[ vcry Irndian the Enri;liltim~r 1.1d!
1.'t1 b.:,un,] uni.cr the tree. whom ihe Span- i
iard; h.id relef..J. in their w .'.
* This ofeat reinforrcrment 11o mu"Inch er:cou.ir-
-'ed the t'i L -ri.fh'inen, anid l.I greit was'
their ni:'girri. ,i n foi ahe l l* of tIF-,err hi,.i,;
Thit :|Ie co lid, ti-.v no lorr;'r, ; '-. ne.
the Spaniarid' with them. -aIl i w"eli".11 md,
away the% went ,n pirfuii cof the retl of the.J
ravages ; b.'A. fTo.rn a ri-ing ground licthey per- J
ceived that thev' wer. got oil board -f tFweir'J
canoe, and were cgmne our to lea, too far to'j
be come at, which gare them a new mte.I'r.
for fear and apprehension. lelt they fhb.uldJ
go h'omr dircefly. and inform their brethren
109 img109.jpg
C R U ,' t E. 163
F all that hid f.ajnprned, and incite f.cm -to
c., me over w'Ith e1eatr 'power, ard d"tr- *
die whole island. And as 'we judged. f> it'
1',-.ppe'ned ; for in Itfs than even u rtbrhs,
'2,y: camne Mcr with twenty five canoes., alnd
I.'nded upon us wit'hi two hundred and fity
'r,.n. all %, ;1 .arrnrd w.lh bows'. and' arrows,
rin rfin r fli nrid bl ,'e.'p,:.,'_.
Yo)uJ m-,in i rng-Iiie'. fir, we were in no l'ma1ll
n. i'trr'.arinont,'pcen the approat ii of thefe
i.mne!cime inr- *f r *, eie vve wantinm to
ni-ke the bert dircp-iratliun we r'1il. tod-
iend oar'el':. ; ;-'.c armed or fdaithfui fla'v's
[in the belt manner w' could, inrw'would nor
IV'omen be ptrtiaded from lighting along wi.h'
LCS, asthev rei'jved to conqi r rr die with
h .ir hathands, whom th'-, r,_.w !ved with
gnlie -r'ireS tendernek1' anr.d panioni.
Of this l;trle armnv I w.i.; conmannder in
hief ; and, Will. A:;.ins, whom I knew to be
SfcIl,'w of invincible c'r.a'e. I appointed
f.ir rrIvy LictVteniritene:.al, a2 ga'.e himi lix
_tioice m.l-_r, well armedL, ro command as a fiep-
.-jtc hody. In a l}ioh[ time the fight began
,Atkirs'b quarter, who rirdcred'his 'men to
!.re into the thickretil of them. Never were.
-e'tures in ,greatr t. rror ind coonlernr.'tiin, "
imagiinrg their dci'ru-,t1orn to come from
,;ie Gods and if Atkins had obe'-vcti' mv 'or
.Lars.and retreated tnperceived, they h!d fled
their canrioc;, without any fart h'-r attempt ;
L it feen," him and his fmall party, thev-
O-ane oil ''airn with thegreazeft fuls.
In hl 01rt, we were force to interpofe with
:*r whole body, to Fave Atkins and his par-
Swho va3 precild ve.ry -bard, ad had on,-
c't
110 img110.jpg
104 A B I NV ) 0 A
ofthe Englifhmen k.Ill-. by his fide. and -aW
ahinftf. wounded. 'V.' gavet' three \crhleqj
'but they were gr.;%wn lo desperate that noj
WLt.hlar.d7eg nui fire-, asev came up in thi
very teaih of U.s, infortjuch that we wec
frirged to retire. and in truth, I mufd OwhV
tha, if niqht Ia, not yi.cn u, a little refpil
we rnu 1 have bc-n in : .ircdt de1l of linger
-4s ,on as pofliblc I .1ew my ltl1 arorny
upon a riing ground. wbh-re, bv the li..,ht e
the moor, me cou'il ,ble, c thie 1 i.., in
real ileal 4l diloii .r ; ur.in whirlnli xSe C.to j
ciud-d it o.'ldj be beli t.i tLf'I up.on lthe
now, and, if p,-.ilhte. [t g. undil-jfcvtre.i whichli x.., jdd, by tle ;uidanc
of the two Er, djft-tern. who knewv the grc.uni
perfr,-&tly ; after this wvc '3J.'L them three oll
Jieq rnc mre, arid then ,idzcd in upun them wit i
our lAords wvLh I.ch irrefilhtbl' fui.r.', tina
the. 'ave w \, and,, m1in ing a diri'al Icream.r
rig a. id lh-owi i.c,, tlIev hcto,-'k th. rnll. es d
IhIcir hi!:. Mar,,' of themn w'ire 1l.led iri
the fihbi but indeed we wsrr fo ::xcecdingl
tiwel %vith fighting lihele two blEdcs. that P we,'
did rnot then pirfue thm:n to their ..an s, iri
wh\ci(h we cimcluded tl,-iat they would imme4
Adi3lei' a;-t to fea ; biut there h.appering
dr. dful fl.-.rm. thtev wcrc prevented in thai
and manv ,f their cinoCes Atcre lA, il,.) tha|
badrain. I
After we hai! tamj.erl fc'mc rcftelunmen&e
and a little rep,...',- we rtfolved, as f an ts iS
was li',ht, to go t, the pl.,ce of battle, in oi-
der t.o nrke ,'hat observations we could&;'I
;inrd coming at length tc a full view of the_,
eamaindcr Of their army, Vc C found them ly.
irg
111 img111.jpg
C R U .
n-,. in a mi_'3blk pnoflure ; and when we
i Cne within nmket Thct, I ordared two g,-irs
iE be hr.:d, in oldt.r to tr if rthy had any-.
Tit;io:1 .-f Irornin.g to another engagement ,
'rnd the pr.'j,& aifwNcred to c.ffdt.ually, dthat
,hey no.o loner hard the report of the TrIl
.Iun, tlha thit-y liartedi up, and in a nio'l
.'l;,-niling manner, ran Av..a nlto. the toun-
.aln.. TIhcugh I cornf,. I had much rather
thir weather would lhavc fuffcred tlerq i, have.
pone off, without giving u fakrth.er trouble ;
foi row the cafe was, what mul bfe done
W-.ihli this great riumibac of lavage cfeaturek.
Great were our debates on this point, bowct
er, after mr.-itue cni-Gidcrauon, it waA deter-
ruined tu dellroy their canaca ; wbcb. Wlhen
the Indians faw, they made the moft Iideros
outcries ; hut to no purpose, for we either
b4rnt or difahled them all,, .fier winch they,
ran about .;i king time, and, as they had nio
arrus. nor mattrnaLs1 to male an-., f.,, not% ith-
[and;nr their ourribtrs, w.'. wcre the k1s.ap-
prehenfive .F being furodil b-y then.
Indeed our IbiLck of prov',;on %*3i fo very
frn.al, tbat. wLe cale to .i ref2u iron tp drive
then up into fome rcm',tc c_-irucr of the ill-
and. and to kill as .anauy of (hern as weccould.
carth, in ordtr t., leleu their number, and
then gi,,e thrin a ome coin to plant. I'urlj-
ant t,, this rei ,l1itin, we pin-rrfred them wi.ti.
ouir guns kiltiig every dv o,ci: ,.r rftora till
at kinsih their number wa. f-3 reduced. that
we contlided. -f poflill-.! to ',ke ,'nic o:f hl-eia
aliv.'e, whti-ch at 1 11, wirh fim, d.ffit'.;'-I- we%
clct-ted ; and :I;lrig him I. in],dly, we brcu it
,!.m to old Friday, ho told him if thf-,
't v.woulu
112 img112.jpg
,06 R 0 B .V S 0 N'
would fubmit and do what thev were corn-'
mnnded thev fhc.ul'I he uled well. other.'
wife ihcv flboul ali be fliin, and bade him goi
and -ifruie hi. c.'mprinions fo. who were in
mulal inileTiblIc (fa living r.ondttiin."
Th, p-or ciejtiu1es, who were now reddceLC
to thiity even, rycei' ed thii offer witlh all
the jy imagqinable, f.u we lent them fome
food, which they a:z. with grealti:nkulnefs,'
and made all the promil't we o~ilddelire, and.
to give them thcir dur, they have nievlr brc.k&'
any of them tr tl:is dyiv. '
" And thus, [(r, according to the be ft of my
ability, I have given n you an account of w% hat
ifnateriiil, that has, lhappencd in the ilandnd
finc your departure, to this d-v ; by which
vnu mTy perceive the v.'.anderful works of
Provider' ce.
When v'"u inl'peFt ir-t.-' the island, you will
Eind it fimelhing ima i.-ed in geneil1, your'
crn and fiock:; ,rcreal'e'J, and the number of
y,)utr lubl-jLts, 1--, far agmniented. that f(om 4
lelo.tue !inrd, as it wa'; btfoif vour deliver-,
an -:. hre is 1 profpeCtt. with a Hittc indnuflrv'
;in.l .oocim tBana.-mrht, rhat it niaYV it lenth..
bc'c"r,-.a' populous and plcntifil lirrle kirg-
doni '
d pz
71.' End of th. Sban:ard' RJati'. "i
it7
.i
,., >
A "'
_,
;:
113 img113.jpg
C R L'U 5 0 L. io07
A CONTINUATION
0r TiT n
L I F E
k'Z.OBINSON C RUSO E.
T -IERE i$ no doubt to be made but that
the Spaniard gave meca faiLhiul account,
which was exceedingly agreeable to me, and
nc lefs furprifing to the young priest and to
all the redl who heard at: Nor .were thcfc
people lefs .pledfed with the necefaries I
brought them,, which were a great 'heip to
th1em in perfecting their habitation. Will.
Atlkins was growrsa very Ibber man, and had
built his hut with greitt ingenuity. The En-
glihimerin's wives were all fruitful enough, and
bore each 4 child once a year.
When I inquired.uf he bpabilaird concerr-
ing their manner of living among the fs-ages,
they gave me a very deplorable relation of it.
adding that they had hardly any hqpes of
fuipport or delive-rarnce..
Many ivre tll4e methods they rok to in-
lruEt the fivage bih to no purpolc; f .ihcv,
ignorant as they were, would give no car 'o
the inflruttions of chofe to wI.onra thcv "wei
;hc-.r
114 img114.jpg
a8'a R 0 B I N S, 0 '
their lives. At the return ofthei: friend, % ha,_
they iih.o1i 'j hjd b en dei :,ured, their ',y was-.%^
great, efpociblhv when thev faw tlie Io i.e.. of' i
bread which I.fent them r but v. lier, Ihcyr-3
heard the errand, and perceived the b-,ac, .:
* their tranfportswere- iir-:, p t il-bi. Tin % Mji
the account I had from then, awd nuw It fol.
lows that I should inform the reader in whaf.;
condition I left them, A
As it was generally'agreed that tl.' R-,oulI(d
have no more difturbance from the lIvaees
fo I told them I had made thi. %..y.i-gt 'hi.-Jy
forthe r fakes, and thai I came" rit in ren ov
them, but rather to eftablifh and h%. theri.
-upon the ifland; and foi that end, I h.4'
'brought them all forts of necefTarie an4d ar3.
tificers, with other perfons that v.oi.ld no
only add to their lumberr, and crnnl,.Qucnti
to their defence, but would lihewie be a
mutual help and support to them. i hey
were all together whea I t3al.cd t.) the- ih
this manner. I afked them, one Lby *..ne, iF
they lad entirely forgot their f-,rmt r aniiof-.
ities, and would eronage in the l-.f
friendfilhip ? To which Alkins rF[?I!,. they
had had affliaions enough to male tl-' r alib
fober, and enemies enough to mnk ethein ai
friends ; adding, that head mori Jii!. de-
ferved the treatment hte had received "iftm
the Spaniards,'and that he was onl to bo
blamed. Upon which the Spaniards reiuied.
thatfinee Will. Atkins had. upon al! occa-
Lions, behaved himfelf fo valiantly in th,_r de-
fence, all that was pafi should be fu-,g.L.ten
lhat-he holdd have his arms, arnd be ma&4A
the next commander to the gpverz 7r,
Up; r
115 img115.jpg
C R. U S 0 E. 109
Uporn thefe kind declarations of mutual love
and friendship, we concluded to dine :c'tethcr
on the morrow ; which we did in: the belt or-
der and formality that the nature of the place
would permit; and after that, I dillr.l,':r i to
every one of them his portion of the necedlaries
I had brought over, and then divided the island,
into three diftint colonies, making my old.
habitation the metropolis, which the Spaniards
inhabited.
The a, i'g man, whofe mother was ftarvd |
todeath, as. before mentioned, "and the maid,
who was indeed a pious, virtuous young wo-
man, feeing the good difpo~ition of affairs, drop-
ped their refolution of going to the Eaftindies,:
and both desired I would permit them to ftay
on the ifland and enter them among my fub-
jeas, which 1 readily agreed to; and the x :).in,
woman was afterwards married, as will appear
by the fequel of the flory.
And now I come in courfe to fpeak of the
young French prieft, whofe pious behaviour,
and excellent difcourfes were extremely agree-
able, and deferve a particular obfervation.
Said he to me one day, fince, under God, I
Owe you my life, I hall take care to employ it
to do as much good, and you as much honour,
asl can ; andthis I conceivemay be belt done in
my attempt to fave as many of thefe poor peo-
ple's fouls as I can ; but at the fame time I fall
take care not to advance any poins in ieligion
but what you fhall.approve of.
I was mightily pleaded with the modefly of
his expreffions, and told him he flIu.'d nut
Wanit my afliftance to farther hi -oit iniez -
K, ton,
116 img116.jpg
R 0 B I N S 0 A
tion. By his advice the :. "fii'men a,;d f-..-
agewomen were married; which was r,.t mo.e
to my fatisfaaion than to that of the F.,;lifh-
xmen thernmives, and indeed, it was .'.irendr.d
with' all the, good confequerices that could be
SexpeLed.
The affairs of the ifland being thu. re :ied,'
I was preparing every tiring for goingc.n t.,)itd,
when a match was proposed between (he I'.n-
gliffiman w%'om 1 cRlleci Jack of all trades ,'id
the maid Sufan. He was a very afivc.rI,.
trious man, and the woman a difcrcei, nea, '
cleanly houfewife ; fot'ie match was .orclu.
ed, and they wete married the famhe d.'..
As to the fhariig out the land, I leUFr. io r.)
"Wilil. Atkins, who d:fcharged his tr.; A ::hI
great fidelity. As to their laws and ern-
ment, I advifed them earneftly to 1,..:-- ,re ,e
another, and to make what farther byla .. ei
should think proper for their general E...'-a i,!d
benefit,.
During my ftay en the ifland, as I w.j: 01'rg .
one morning to vifit that part that v.-.s ,,ccu-
piedhby the r K-., I heard the report f ..,,
I hafleried my pace, and rifing a hi i .i,',
them engaged with a number of fava':.r.- I lu
hadlanded-the Engl.fhmen bad killed; i;. .rr.._er .
of them. and the remainder were fleeing i a ia
:aft as poffible.--I defcended the hill on tr, c r.,
fite fide to that on which I went up, and i ;-,e'
I found five favages, who had fled th:iF.-er in
the greateft conflernation---they were -.:. tir--
prifed that they did not attempt making an ef.'
cape, but fell on their knees, and appeal ed to
fupplicate xny favour, which I granr.--l jIhe' ,
and
117 img117.jpg
S C R U S 0 E. lit
and thay proved to be good and faithful fer-
rants to my little government.
Haviag difpofed every thing in the ifland
in the beft manner poffifale a'nd giving the
People affurance that I would always have
them in my thoughts, and would be fure to
IA .- 1
fend them sufficient fuppliw, q- often as I had
an Opportunity. On the fir,. of May, 1605, I1-
fet fail for the Brazils, but the next day was
becalmed ; and looking towards the N. N. E-
of island, we could perceive fonething cut
at fea looking very black, upon which the mate
going up the fnriouds~and taking a view with ,a ^
" -I
profpettiv g] afs, he cried out, It rzurs an armly 1,
.-In ary, youf.c", faid I, VI'hat do yo- .-wan ? Nay |
Sir, faid he, do not be angry ; for I affure you, |
it is not, only an army, but a fleet too ; for I
towards us with all fped. As they came nearer
I -- _-.. .. . .
Havtowards us, thedifpeeofed to be very mucthin in the fur-land
in the heft; manner poflb~le and giving the
people at thurance figthat ofI would always haven't kig
them in m ake of us ; And would be iure to
fend the fuldcient fupplinear, made often as toI hadem
to
an opportunity. On the firif of May, 1695, I
fet l-ad for the Brazils, but the next day was
becalmed ; and looking towards the N. N. F.
of the Bfland, we could perceive something out
at fca looking very black, upon which the mate
going up the fnrouds,'and taking a view with a
profpea~ive giats, he cried out, It rc~as an army .I
An army, )youjfcl, faid I, ff hat do you re~an 9 Nay
Sir, laid he, do not be angry ; for I allure you,
it is not only an army, but a fleet too ; for I
believe there are a thoufand canoes making
towards us with allifpeed. As they came nearer
towards us, .they teemed to he very much fur-
prifed at the fight of our Ihip, not knowitig
what to make of uas : nd we being t.n,:,ln ,
they fhouidjcome too near, made figna to them
to J
118 img118.jpg
3 0 B I N S 0 V
to keep off, which they did ; but as they._
tired, they let fly feverai arrows, by which:'
of our men was wounded.
In a little time they had the courage to ag
Io near us, that they could hear us Ipcak ; u
which I ordered Friday to call to then,.
know what they would have; 1e reupond
poured a whole cloud of arrows -upon h!j
several of which went quite through his bojf
and fo I loft my faithful fervant and mol I
feftionate companion in all my afflicies r,
lolitudo,. I was fo enraged attnie death of i4
Friday, that I ordered the gunner ro load
fmall fhot, and immediately give ihtm a br
fide ; which he did fo effeAually, rha thirt
or fourteen of their canoes tere ovetfetx
the reft fo frighted, -that away they flew
all the fpeed they could.
Soon after, we took up one poor wrel
he was fwimming for his-life; who let us
that they were going with their kings to
a great battle ; and when we dfked him ,
made them come to us and fhoot at us ?
anfwered, to'mnake de great WIond, I. .A.
Poor Friday was buried with all the pj
and decency our circumstances would a116l
And now, having a fair' wind, we made '
beft of our way to the Brazils.-.-\Ve floppedl
All Saints, and having fitted t.ut a veffel wA
fovifions for my ifland, fet fail ?or the EA
Indies. '
Whilft we were failing alorr,g ihe coad'
Coromandel we efpied, one 'n-.ririg the wu'i
of large 1hp, whichhad the d av beforenlrit
upon a rock, and could not be rtiven off-.
crew had cut off all her malts io Ighten h
bult
119 img119.jpg
C R U 8 0 E. 13
,ut to no purpofe, and finding1 a large hole in
her bottom, which they wereunable to flop, and
that the fhip mul foon go down, they iock to
their boat, arid were making for the land, ju4t
as we hove in fight---they then dire&ed tneir
course to our fhip,'and we took them all on
board.
Al~
"F 7-: -*- --_:- 7: i .---.. ~_ --. { -- r"'g--.
Ic '-- -- T. T: "_-- -: '' ..- .'.- ."" : ..- ;' .i ^ -.
-- 'r/-Su ti< 2-
'?*** ---. .... -. -... ._.....-
W e made dir.ii.- for tte (.i-. !'n'' I
Hope, and to-nct for th-z co o. crf LCorrhmanc;n
The firift place we Ao.'chid at \s the if) -,d il':'
Madagafcar ; wheie trhouzh the pc-.:ie aie -
firce and treacheious. vet for lome tiine Eh,--
treated us well, and gave us commodities;I and
indeed they traded with us, with fo much -
vility, that [ome of the men resolved one iY.
K 2 -,
120 img120.jpg
-14 R '0 B I N S 0 V
to flay on fhore in a tent, which they had made ,-1
ror that purpose. 4 ii
Abwot two o'clh-ck ix f;he mn,)orrini. we were e r
alarmed with the firing of g',n, and .u. men' i
ory)ing for help, or 'hey Ihould be murdered. 4
'The occafiori of this fray as we afterward
unaerfo,,,d from them that cfCaped. was this.'
An old woman, that fold milk, brc.ught with col
her a young woman that fold hcrbLs, whom r
When the fail6rs faw, they laid hold on her, 3
and ra ried her in arn,:.ng the trees ; ujpon n
v-hich the old woman made fuch a prod;g..,us fr
outcry, that both men and women cam-e to
their affilftance. At the beginning, the fMlhkw r
that began the fray, was killed wth a lance,
;;-oiiu t Fi t f., we did not know m hat was be-
,: rn him.
A night or two after we resolved to go on
filoie. and 'ry if we could find cut the man th(
.P)A W" ,ii, fing, An hour b!rf.re midnight
,;e land.-:d at tlh place where the attirin began;
-.u' it %.',s fu da. ., we could difcov'er nothing, i
t:! ih:- bo:'..l.ain fell over or.e of the dead n
b.,.J1.. V\'e conclud-d t, lar thlire till the ,ch
:i1,3'n'rg. %hen we d'lovere4 r-wo n-i ihiity k r.
-dead bodies lying osn the ground, whereof two
were n,.t qu'te dead. H-a'.'nr made this dif- i
..'*r, I '-.oughi I had iL ceri rough, arnd f up.
-.ris ptearir'g to return r.n board. But the h.
j oa'.mtai and- the reft. whrch were about twen- th(
'v, rcfolved tn go to t-,e Indian town, to try if an
ihe;, co.j]d find w-.at Va, bcomc e of Tom Jf- rar
freys, their companion.
It ia. no i without diffculIty that they found biu
the town, which conlifled of about two hun- I
drcd hc.'ufr:, where the people being all in a d
pI,-f, u1od
121 img121.jpg
rrofoutid fleep, the Walors concluded to divide
themfelvcs into three bhodiea. and to fet the
town on fire in three places at once, to kil all
that fbould attempt to icaf e, and to plurjder
the reft.
leaving made this resolution Io work they
went; they had not gone far before thq firfR
company found, their companion TOm Jeffreys,
,ripped flark naked, with his thojAt cut from
ear to car. hanging b'- one armr upon a tree.
In a hnulc adjoining to this tree they fouud
.lkeen or fi-teen Ind;an..
They im-mediately let lire io t;-e hboule, and
at the fame Ltime to levcr.. others in the towa;
f-) that. in a very little t.ine, the wrhle place
,.'as all in names ; and no io.-,cr did i he aF-)
[r.':;.h'ted creatures tun out to fave, Jtimfehlves
,.,rr, the hiry of the lfhrnes, but the Idilors ei-
iher dro-.e them back again into the fire, or
i. ledthem without rper:v.
By. thio time the town wa.s ail in lnarnes, and
ihe llgit of iie conflagtrition made me very
,inealy. and likewise furprifed the ciptiamin and
,'h.e men that v.ere with him on board, who
kr.ew r.uhing (f the matter.-Buat when ihe
liw the Imoke, and heard the un'; g,? ofi, he
c(r.,iludid his men mufi he in great danger,
upon wi-ich he took the either boat. and with
ihrteen men refolved to go to irte allilfiance of
them, let the cornfcquence he wbh'.at it would ;
anrid, though I was fenfible of the dcinger we
ran, yet 1 had rno power to fta; behind.
\\We went drreftl,, as the flamncs guided ur,
,at I mnuflt own, hiren I came to the place, I
never beheld greater horror, nor herd mnioe
dreadful outcries: In flhort, th.e whuole fpef'a-
ce
n z-
C R U S 0 .E.
122 img122.jpg
116 R 0 B I N S 0 S V
cle was too dreadful to be dercribcd, and tl
miferies and aftoniffliment of the people not t al
be uttered. I got into the center in order ifi
put a ftop totheir farther barbai.:v, and order,
ed fomeofthe men to f.llowv rr. ; but 1 hai
haidkv Ipoke the. word, before th- Boa;(wai a
with four of the men after him, came up to u.
all cvvered with blood arnd dull. When the'
law us, they gave a great halloo, !n token thi C
more help was come. N.,.i. L ..., Iad n
thkfe hell hounds have a'....,,; ".' ,
e d T o n a n d L : b.. k
^ ,,,J .- .,' ,nf : ..... ,: .' li h
them all; and according .o all :;e,; acconUl tl
they destroyed one hun,'.red .And tit", me
womenn arid chldrern, ar.d ourn, the wto
town to allies into the bai-.a n ", v:-iie not o
cil -.n ie:t.ved any pJ.it Cu I r hrt, tht poc 'o
ln.i3ia, bei;- unprepared, aed d a-d coB 0
fc uro.i---H.3veverour men ,n-nt \M'ue Ih th
fel"--s upon this bi.d e':piot. \c: I 41%a I
l,9 -..fii uoon it %ilL d' ltnlAton. and g..,.e c
ti e ,.*'r ofthe :.* ,.- .., ..L .: ; .*.. .
%t- h', -we were und-; tlii. ilict .l'> iva
w,,uld b,-- oI:en ma-nF'.n a ,nd dif:nionr tH
l-d'' d ,- tAl n, wi'.cLi I j- ot.en d:lFriil,:d a f
cordtmned ; bidrg ihkia aepeId upon i f
(:,o(d would never bir t'-eir c. ,,'ae alter t
uripa iallelei. iarbar.,. A'nd a 1 fore,.:ld, f
it hp'c-ed for v he'-i wc came uFon lE
Pl'crian fh %*e. -,e i;'I. \fiv' et cur rren. i
'ertur.ng to,. far on th-e Ihr'e \ere eith a
kdileji, ot taken and- made tlav.-; bv. he Arabia a
tpon tjlis mSf'jr'.une I .i'- rep.rehend'
tnem, adviiii. them nt to e.n. LiUpon this
bnailf'a,.n f--d, you are o'.' vs dllli:itu rg "s
and as you are but a pa'.i." ..er; we ale
c bl.ged l
123 img123.jpg
C R U S 0, .
1,17
c.1liged to bear it; and therefore if vou do not
iorbeat for the future, I fhIl leave the flip,
and no: fail with fuch dangerous and tingrutc-
lul company.
All this 1 heard very patientlv, being fen-,
fible, as cales then flood, 1 had no remedy ;
,md indeed. I thought all had been over and
forgtten : But, fo it happened, we were now
in the road of Bengal, where, going one day"
on f-ore with the Supercaigo. one of the
men came and told me, 1 need rnot trouble
ryfelf to come on board any more, for that he
had orders from the boatlwain, and the reld of
the officers, not to bring me on board any
mo0re."
This infolerit melTage much furpt;ied ma ;
however, I made the fellow no anfwer, but
went to the fupercargo, and desired him to go
on board immediately, and acquaint the Cap-
lain, that he might prevent the mui-tiny which
1 had reafon to apprehend: But, before this
could he done, the matter was efLtled : for I
was hardly gone out of the boat, but the boat-
fw'ain, gunner, carpenter, with all the inferior
officers, ran to ihe quarter deck, defining to
fpeak with the Captain; and then the boat-
fwain began to rail againll me exceedingly,
selling him. Thait If I ;,.! -.I: .4L'4: f,,fi., n r':v-
j t /.i.w rI/-. .., t.. t 0 '1/.... .ld ,1 .. t.'' :t.
And farther, he had the inlblence to add, That
if I had not quitted the fhip, though they had
all the reipeft imaginable for their Captain,
and would ferve him with their lives ; yet they
would all have left the fhip immediately."-
Upon which the refit cried out, (' .-,;id all, 're
and all. I
Though
124 img124.jpg
si 9 0 B I N S 0 V
Though my nephew" was a man that want.
ed neither courage nor refolution, vet th;3 un-
expeced behaviour shocked him e:%cc,-1n.ly
he expoftuiated with thtm, tellirl tlem diLe
danger and injustice of fuch proc-ee.,ire; tIut
all would net do; they had ful'. l.;.1 ed,
that if I came on board, they wou.' a'[ lejve,
the fhip ; upon which faid he, 'I If lr, bh.- ,our,.
resolution, I will go and acquaint 'A A'lc(h i.'
And fo he came up to me, and told t,.- al that
hadpaffed. I am very glalto fee you. Neph-,.
faid I, and am glad it is no worfe ; t t.r 'r1 iruth
I expe&ed they would have rebelled againflt!
you. I only defire you to fend rim,' reelLry.-,
things on fhore, and I will find m;' vVv L%?.
England as well as I can. Though th. .. extd ir.!
nephew to the heart, yet, finding thr- wvs no,',
remedy, he took his leave of me arid went on
board, and fent me my neceflaries a nad lo ihii
matter was over in a very few hours. And
now I think I was at leaft a thoufarnd legun-
fdrther distant from England, that I us at,
my little kingdom. My nephew Ie-f me r'.'oQ,
fervanrs to attend me, whoengaged if be 'VIib..
me till my return. I took lodging in r'e houf,
of an Englifh woman, where were rae\;-! mr. r
chants; and indeed I liked the comnpanv znd,
entertainment fo well, that I cont ..ed here I.
federal months, considering what -c:L.-'..: I had-?:
beft take. I had fome valuable Ei,,rflh g.ocIds,
a thoufand dollars in cafl, and a Ie- e: -l trud-i
it for more, if I fhPuld have occI,..,n.-.-The.I
goods I foon difpofed of to advaj- ia.'r, and
bought here federal good diamonds, wn:ch [
could eafily carry about with me.
One
125 img125.jpg
C 1R U S 0 E. 1,9
One morning, a merchant, with-whom I
was very intimate, came to me, and faid, coun-
trymen, I have a proposal to make to you,
which 1 do not queffion will be to both our
advantages. To be fort, Sir, we are both in a
remote part of the world, and far removed
from our native country, and yet we are in a
place where men that understand bufinefs,
may get money. Now if yol will put a thou-
fand pounds to my thoufand pounds, we will
buy a good lfhip, you [hall be the Captain and
I the merchant, and we will go upon a trading
voyage.
This proposal foon gained upon me, fulting
exalftly with my rambling inclination ; but it
required fome time before we could get a vef-
fel to our mind, or sailors fit to man her cut.
Ina little time we procured both,; zi! fo we
failed away for China, and had-a very Profper- !
ous voyage, having not only gained a large
fum of money, but withal got a good infight
into the traffic of thofe countries.
Our next voyage was to the Sice islands
which proved likewife very fuccefstfut ; and
not long after, the merchant and I made up our
accounts to our mutual fatisfaaion. We found
ourfelves very rich ; and now our only con-
cern was how to difpofe of our money. Wh*ilft
we were considering what was beft. to be done,
it happened that a Dutch ihip of about 20c
tons came into port.' The men peeiei--d th,,;
were fo ill, that there were not ,aiulds !!.. -'i:;ur. t
to manage the veffel, and the Captain being de-
firous of ;1, to Europe, publick notice was
given that the fhip was to be fold; whicli no
soonerr came to our ears but we bc ,;:: hI-r and
would
126 img126.jpg
1-20 O B 'I 'N S 0 N
would h.ave entertained fome of her men, bj/
thaev 'were not to be fciurd, !or as f[an a's t14
hadd ece.'.'c their dividend, they a:l wel
privately to. the Nlogul'a country : as in ir f
they had real.:.n enough; for [hii preLcndl 1
Capta:r was only the.ginner (the real Ca
Lain an.d three uf hi., m:in being killed by tJ
Mialagans) who ran away vith the Chip 10 to
bay or Bengal, leaving the mate anrd ive z>;. a
more on ff[ire, of which you will hear more
the leqcuel of the flor). t
After ve had b-ught the lFl p, and fitted h-,
with all neceli[aries lor her yvPy.age, with orn -
dilficulty ard expi-nfo we picked up I'-ur
fdialost of d.ll-re.t courtrits. and manned hei
iolerably %-.el l, lelu 'ving u pon another vw JoUa
to the Spice iflinds. in this manner we trad 1
ed backward and fjraid lfQrhve cr kx i year-
with vecy goi-d luccel;, aad were now jin tLh
fevenih year goingtoCh:n.d : But .n this voya:
we met witn contrary winds, which beat -
up and down : and n a foonner had we gct! ci
of thefe iugg.d 1'as, but we fund our thp h.
fprung a lcdk, which obliged us to put into t
giver Camrnbodia, which go-s to Siam.
O.ne d'.; aI was on lilure, refieihFng my'
(elf, there cjme tome an Engli lT. man, tha: w
mate to an E.allt nrid aman, th.'t lode in the F_ f
river; Sir, faid he. vou may erv well w.nd
a: my bult.iei:, \vwo am a perletl (f1ianger
you, but nctwilhltanding tha:, I have lmo
thing to irnmp:t to %ou that concern, you ve
nearly, and it is the tr-nuinent danger ynou are i
that has brought me to.y.qu. Danger laid
I know of nib danger, ,unlers that our fhip isG
litile leaky, and tha; i azlcnd lh4ll bk rttifie
as A
127 img127.jpg
C P U S O :17'
a4 fdon as ptfF.blec. I believe, faid he, you wilt
fiffl 6ther efaployment. The L wn of Carm-
btdia is abbdt 1o leagues higF'er, and thriiee
Leagues on this fe lie three Dutch and two
EAgligih iips. and, \Vill you veniu're up farther
iilo the river, without Cnnfudering wlhether
you liave" force eocgh to fight them Aill ?
1 knew ihot what he meant by this difcou'ffe,
aYfd Trrning- fh,-rt upoa him, Sir, [aid I, I
-'nov r.o reason I have to be afraid eilher of
the Dutch or Enghfl'h : Lam no interloper, and.
Wbat bulifiefs then can they hae with me r
Well, lays the man, if my advice is of rno
weight wir'i vou, voi may take your own way :
however. I am vecy ferry ),u should be to
mrirclh an ernemy ro yourself; 1 widlI be plain
wth you : unLefl you put to feaimnmediatel you
Will'bf, attacked by five long boat. s full 4,f armed
mci, and ,ousletf hanged for a pirate if you
afe taken"; and, Sir, I thought fuch a piece of
intiel'.igence deferred b-tter treatment. Sir,
laid I, you flihall not find n.e ungrateful ret
me big you therefore to explain youl|-lf, and
I will put to lea imrmeda'ely. \W'hy then, in
Fort, the matt is this: Yuu kno\* very well
that Vtot Cqpnain. with 'hree of hia men, wtre
killed by the MNflalagans, and that you, or lc.,oe
rahers that were on board, ian away with the I
fli-p, an] are turned pirate;. Niw, Sir, this
is rhe tfubltance of what I ha'ave to fav, I cabn
only, father allure you. that iF they canlay
their hand', on you, they iatIl execute you
wi thr.; ccei rr:ry.
Sir. nid I. t'"'u!t no m.n came more haon-
elliy b, thi: 1i';p thati I Cid. t a; \vou epre-
IcnL the m -.'tr, I think I )ui.i1t Lo b, upo.n my
t guard,
/
128 img128.jpg
a122 R B I N S O N
guard, and I heartily thank you for your in.
formation. Come faid he, it is no matter for.
ceremonies; if you value your own lie and
the lives of your men, get out to fea as filt as,
you can. I am very well fatisfied faid I, it
your fincerity and the fervice you have dona
me, Pray therefore tell me what recompence I
hall make you ? Only take me with you, fEid
he, and if you find what I have told you t.. be
true, I refer myfelf for a recompence tu your t
generofity. (.
So reafonable did this appear in every par- f.
ticular, that we went immediately on ioard-
together, where we were no fooner entered, :
but my partner welcomed mre with th joyNful
news that they had flopped the leak. I am
glad of th4,;faid I ; but come let us make all
the hafte we can to weigh anchor ; but whilft
we were buiv in that, a failor called to the I
Captaitx, and told him there were floops cum- i
ing after us ; upon which the Captain taking
,his profpefive glafs, and looking out, Lw fih e
floops full of armed men, in full chafe after. l
us; upon which he immediately fert ,one of v
the sailors to give us notice. Very wclH, faid t
1, I am fully convinced there is fom-eting in '
it : and fo I went upon the deck, and tLI1. thc.k 6
men they were in danger of having the flhip
feized, and being executed as pirate and r..
afked them if they would faithfully I.I,.d by t"
us, and by one another? To which rh-v' u-
nanimoufly replied, they would fland bh' us,- 0
and fight for us to the laft drop of the, r bl.Id. '
Then I afked the Captain, which -', he 0
thought was the heft to defend ouriel'.es ;
who replied, he believed it was ;he l tel to' a
Le.") ,
129 img129.jpg
C R U 3 0 .9. 123 i
ceep them off with our great guns ; and ac-
cordingly the gunner was ordered to load the
guns with fall flhot, and to bring them to
bear before and aft : And thus the deck being
cleared, we were in all points prepared for am
engagement.
We food out to fea, but fill the boats fol-
lowed us very clofe. We could perceive the
two foremost were Englifh, which were ahead
of the Dutch by two leagues : Hereupon we
fired a gun, and hung out a flag of truce, in or-
der for a parley ; but finding they bore down
upon us with all the fail they could, we fired
'upon them with' balls, and then bade them
keep off at their peril. But all this fignified
nothing ; for, depending upon their numbers,
they were abfolutely bent upon mifchief. We
made federal fhots at them as they came for.
ward, killed federal of their men, and funk
one of thzir boats, and manning out our pin-
nace, we faved three of their men from drown-
ing, who were brought on board. After a
very hot action, we goout fo far to fea that-
they could not purfue us without danger ; and
fo, changing our courfe to the eaftward, we
got quite out of the courfe of European fhips.
When we were got out to fea, inquiring
more particularly into the meaning of all this,
the Dutchmen let us into the whole fecret,
telling us, that the fellow we bought the fhip
of, was an arrant thief, and that he ran away
with the Ihip ; that the Captain was treacher-
oufly murdered, and that he and four more
were forced to the woods for fafety ; and that,
at length, by means of a Dutch veffel in its
way to China, that came in accidentally to
take
130 img130.jpg
124 R 0 B I N S 0 N
take in frefh water, they were prefe-ved. Ile
farther told us, that they were informed that
the fellow fold the ihip at Bengal,ar d 1h1 was
turned pirate and had taken feveral pr.: s.
After mature consideration, we c.:.ncludted
it bent for us to return to Bengal,' -, here. b,'-
ing known, we might beff prove how' we carne
by the fhip, and where we wer. lur.- to
meet with fome justice, and not be hinged
firft and judged afterwards : But, up.-n rtecond
and more deliberate thoughts, we 1il ,ilcd..
that, by pa ,Ti. by Batavia, we ran ", gre at
hazard, and therefore we determined t,.. Ch ` 2g, ;
our course, and fail towards the coat of C ulina,"
and there difpofe of the fhip, and th',rt r t an,
other, and make the beft of our w..' ,. Eu-'f
rope. This being generally agreed to, iv:.
ftleered away N. N. E. but, meeting ,.a il; E|I..-.
trjrv winds, which blew hard agaiifl ua, our
voyage grew very troublefome and fed!.-Is
and our prcvifions were almost e :i,.lled ;
and Wihat was fill worfe, we were a.*'len
five, that the fhips, whofe boats we 1La In.d d
led fo rudely, might be in the road bef, re u,
which in confequence muft hb faor! to us,'
Upon.thefe melancholy confiderati.-r we a- .
gain refolved-to change our courfe, i.n n Ly if
P-, fibl'.,' we could not make fo-ne hbi,.. ur be.r
longing to the P. Wt.,''f. With thi, rt.Jl.r
tion we fet forward for the bay of To-'quiu.J
in order to fail from thence to Mac.-, a towq..:
oncepoffeffed by the Portugtucfe, and P hie'
there are fill many European familic'.
We came in fight of this place e.,rlv nerJ
morning ; but t.. ri.rilet '.r,!, our former circii,..-
.'.nic, we put into a final, river, l e veh
inqrliird
131 img131.jpg
C R U S 0 E.
inquired what fhips were in the road, and how
matters food ; and indeed this prudent ftep
was the occafi6n of our happy deliverance ;
for the next morning there came in two Dutch
fthips, and a third without any colours ; and
in the evening two Englifh ones.
The river where we lay was but fmall, and
the country wild and barbarous, and the in-
habitants, all robbers, having no correfpond-
ence with any other nation ; and among oth-
er barbarous cufloms, they have this particu-
larly ; when any fhip is driven on their coaft,
they immediately feize her, and make all her
mnen flames ; fo that here we fund ourfelves
surrounded with enemies, both by fea and
land.
As we found our fhip was very foul and
leaky, we thought to cleanfe her in this place ;
but while this was doing, the inhabitants, who
I believe, had never feen a fhip upon the ca-
reen before, and not perceiving our men, who
were at work, prefently imagined that the fhip
had been caf( away, and lay upon the ground ;
and accordingly they surrounded us with five
er fix large boats full of armed men, with a
resolution to plunder, the (hip, and carry the
men away flaves to their king : But, when
they faw our men at work upon the outside of
the fhip they looked upon us with the greateft
confusion imagiable ; neither could we im-
agine what their design was : However to
prevent the worfl, we handed down fome
arms, and indeed it was well we did, for in
lefs than a quarter of an hour, they came
fcearing upoz us with all their force.
i. C Indeed,
132 img132.jpg
129 R 0 0 ,v
Indeed, we lay but i; zn Ill p.flure to receive j
thtn. in jd b.:f.re ithemen ..,uldh c.,ic onf b,-ard,
lih(. had Ietzed one. tf tie fdiloiis but the ,
f:llow Ioon dln ^a-cd hin clc --,d lillcid the .,
J?:j.j ri that i :l I f1J huld uUi h]im h [ rIt. ver, .
this was little to tI-.- purpolt. utillde, ir,. tilir
numbers, and I really" [,tlie c, if i had not .
been for a lucky accidernt, wc li-..Id .:en J1l '
loft:. The thing Ias ti is : 1he caroctnci, V,
who %,.s fl,.pping lh, hid., in thr fi'p. h.,d
two kcitle-r, th >imc 1'ull of bo&lini pitch, and
lie ,'titr with refi iiaid tali-,w. t,. Ad as
two or three, infid-lr I cie citer'ng the b,'art
the carpcnter'i nalc ahjItacild HtlY: v. i1b a liade
lill if Loiirg .jr,-r, which h.,d IUch at, if-
[LO thl t., i-,.rg 1...11 r, l.J ,, it r:.ad,." lh,:m IL t
and leap into tinc i.'-. t i- h tl.. arcpenticr
perceiving. I-. ic<.'c I,:- inrp, rnd cpp ,; ii Ir- -
tot he p:t5i Le!tle, f.-, lp trkl:ed it am'.,, them,
that tl, y all rtn I-i hied a a,, ci) ;ig ard
..I-nli.', ih a mnoft .-.L, m;ini:bl.
1 muft own I wX'i i.;lrtlmLi, F-h.1f,.d at the
,didners c(f this ed,.,:n,!il e ; h.. ., r. c lull t
3(1o iihll to put the ,,i;p in la ,ihiuie of dicence, '
and as loon as we t.,utd, wc [ui 10 f.-a ,i iavirig ielolvcd to put 0.i vi ith It iiding
port we came pear. Aici lurre d.i. tail. ne j
caime wihiu'i f lat of lir.re, a. I Iiiardig in, |
a boa L C Rme 1it l, i '. IJ th a, ,.Irid l-,.t'i iic(le
pilot on board, hu ITe-red- u:. h; i.-cr' ice ;
we very gladly acccricul it. and I-nit Ite boat
back again: In flurt the AId n, n \wc-ni ,th
us, and as we failed .aln.r. 1 alkid hTm, if
there were no pirates in hlfe I-s. lie told
me,,he hatl only hcail or inrc, thai was feen in
the bay ef Siami about a MIt h i,, r..;.r w.,
fre
133 img133.jpg
i*.C RU O 0 E. 27
1'Ce built for a atinmr neither, but. imly a fhip
I'lat tihc m-nl halj run awi' i v0ith, t!ic Captain
ha;\ iv, bee. r:inuidcied b\ th,: Mal iAns ; and
1 ca iitll you ihi.., f tome Di:c-.iTIcn, tl-iat
c.-,re pretli na ar thini the c-tnet day in.-the
rincr hainb.d;a, lad laid theTir hand's upoa
thcm, tl-t:, wou Id havc hio, ge ev'ciy one of
the rogues ungin the yard armn, waih-1i0 arny
fallher cL- tin, ,y'.
Bing fcilibkle tL ht lis old pl-,t couIl5 do
us no. haiim, I told him how tiecaic ft,.,od with
us and deil'red hilm tn carv 1- ito Nanquin
s h. re rneiit hr Enruii, (l or Dutch iLip.s came.
Said the ol-t m.tn. you lha ie tLaken the aglht
ccurfe to. Iccr t t[-.e north ; aL...i if 1 night
;advie 1 'oA IAJ lid 11 c nO fell the ffip it Chi-
na : Fut 1.,;d 1, in dt hIg that. 1 betray i;rno-
cent people. N"., repli.Ld Ie. I know' the
Dutch cominrnandcr', and will tA.iJ care thev
fbh.ll be ri t!ly irfi ,med C.f tLie v ho- matter.
\Vh:ii1 th, rc thii~gs were under debate,
we ijiled dliit,.ilv t,.r Nanfljin, and in about
13 ia. s tlr \"Me t-jrlie toi ai- :' iLhot in the en-
tra.te in:,:O tht giulph. whei ,t were inform-
e.d that two aIyic lDutch flips wt-re gore he-
fire u., anid thit %%e tifould certainly fall into
Lheli hands.
\W hac to do we couMd not tell ; bat the old
mtarn tolld us there was a little hbi-uhui about
40 lcjujct tL tlhe Touthw:.rd. and i' we could
get tlhither, no Dutch ot 'nghl'th [hips ever
came thithcr. and ihere we might. be fafre.
This ad' iac was generally approve ed, and
tlilther by the hlionell pilot's dia.t:6un,' we ar-
i-.c.'l 1 tl'ety, aijtr L i day s Jailing ; we
Sent.
134 img134.jpg
iig R 0 B I V X V
%vent directly into the port, and landed to o0t
unfpe.iakabe joy anrid ftisfdtion.
Being now fife on Ihore, our pilot foouw
got us a lorling an] a %virehoufe for our.
goods, arid then brouihlt ui acquainted wiRt
three milrioniry Pricf.,, that were there cont
averting the people to Uhiiflianity. After wo
had fettled a fort of a corre-fpondence wiith
them, our next concern was to difr,:.f of our-
g.uc.-l which we did fime time after, to omr"
fill f f:,.ifalion, to an eminent merchant of
Japan. We were 1oi leagues farther frontt
home than we were at Bengal, and having
difpofed of our Chip, all tie hopes ue had,-
were, that at the next fair, we m',ht perhaps'
purchase another Veffel that wotild carry us,
and our goods whete we plcifl,. U.puioa
thefe hopes we relied to continue hee ;e
and to divert ourfelves, we took erv.-ral litle
journies into the co.jn' r, and Iprnt terx.
days t,. Ice the city of Nanc,.ln, which was'
regularly built, and tolerably 'well fortiliied;
At going to Peqiri, who lolilcited us with great;.i
earneanef -to bear h'm company thither,
which we both agreed to do. W\e were -
daysin our journey through that miferabta
country, and had an opportunity in our paF-I
,Iage to fey two or three of the Chinca P
Efquirc, *'ith their mamner of travelling
there, which was the moll ridiculous fight
1 ever faw, and rather merited our Icorn and
contempt than admiration. -
At length we arrived at the great city ofi
Pequin, where %ve had -carcely been a week ,
before tke old Portuguefe brought us word,
that ,|
135 img135.jpg
C R U S 0 .
.tjn ibejPe .,X.s a great caravan, and r-vcral
Pilit tuAlhk nisti, ip a honE time, preparing
to g by ILd i.u Mul'cu.vy, and th.it if \we
pkeakcd We might 1take tIhe opportunity.-
This was % IY v go-v d nve s f ,r.u- ; ,rid fo wev
went to Wsl.- IS t A l we c L..o!d lo difpnl'e
ofwhat g.r.d w'c had at th- pi:rt. and to
buy fuc.h others aS vc ih. li'.)lh. t.lul lirn
o the m,.,'ft ad.yr.l.ge. MVe h i-.t for Pe-
,tiin, in coriipanv \viihi alnut fi xc htindre.
.f f.'eral riatl.ns, the be,,..inn;ng of Februa-
,ry ; and in two da,- wie palled through a
g;ilc in the great wall, li:..d tii be one thou-
[and Fr -lifh riok-s in len:;lth. \'e then en-
t;rr, a Conuily ur,,lei -he pcwir of the poor
bitzvhig 1'.frtirf, ,.f whir m we .perceied fev-
c a! f(majl trtici ,,t a ~la\anrce ficm 1s. One
d(Ly o.urcdJler l.'e us ISac t.1 go -a hunting,
.wic-n U;ias our chance to ircct with about
# rt'v C'ffi'-,fc rtar'. wrirlics in a body ;
w'fi; no. ,,.rcr p'-ri-ived iS1, but one or
t!em bhl.z a horn. at. the ,itnid cf xwhkich for-
-ty or f.f;v mi.re Ca.s fp im.:.ci-tiy. eUcre-
uOC.n, -_'ie cf tLhe Sco"tCh merLle.i lts ordered
.us to advance arl ,i.ick tin,-mn 'igthbul dela',..
The-' lc tl- a fs'w r-,drm riiows at is, th t
did us it mn'a'.ri'r i F lhi.narm and when we
came near enicbh lV, fite IpCn them with
our pillol., the, ran a wi'y 'tth the gieatp(l
conur iin. So mi' bilzle with ih,'fc thievilh
Tarars endxd wiLhour at v, bloodfhcd rCn our
fide. W'e fl;Il linvelled at leafll a minth
.more thiouijg h t.lhe enmper.r if China's coun-
ry, tiU at len gth we rcaine to thle civ c-f
Naurn, %%e i s. a flrong ,Fr ntior of 4hr
MCh.e q..n.jpirc, hein ofit.n dili'.hber 'n our
paf'ahe
136 img136.jpg
130 o 0 h I N SO 0 A'
paffage by ftraggling Tartars. We fl.aye4 .
Naum but one day, and then continued our i
journe', pafling federal defers and great nriv-
ers ; and on the 131h of April, we came toe,
the Frontier of Mufcovy; and as we palTed,
We found the garrifun was filled with Chrift.
ian folders, for the benefit of travellers and
commerce ; but the common people were all
Pagans, the moll m:fcrable wretches I ev.
er beheld. Whilfl we flopped to refrefh
at one of thefe towns, I had an opportunity
to obferve them at the worship of one of
their idols, which was the molT ugly reprefent-
ation that ever I beheld in mry life. I can-
not defcribe it to you without horror : flow-
ever, we found means to defiroy it before
we left the place, for which we had like to-
have paid very dear ; for the ne.t day they
came to the Governor tod demand fatiafac-
Lion for-tt e lofs of their idol; and if we had
riot deceived them, and got off by a firat-
agem, we had been all defl rayed.
The next place we came to was the city of
Jaravena, where'we flopped for fvc days.
and then we entered into a difmal defzrr
which lafted us twenty five days march, be-
Fore we could pats over it, and were all the
way infected with fminall troops of roLers,
but they never had the courage to attack us.
Afler we had palled this place we had fever-
al garrifons to defend the caravans from the
Tartars.
Through all this country happened noth-
ing worth informing the reader: The in-
habitants were generally Pagans ; and a 1.
obfervedi
137 img137.jpg
C.4.US G*0E. 3
obfced the Ctar chofe lather to convert
them by his soldiers than by his priefl.s.
From this ciiy, to the river Obt we trav-
elled over a very pleasant country, but un-
cultivated, till we came to the capital of Ti-
beria. And now, having been [even months
upon our journey and winter coming on,
my partner and I began to consider what
course we had bel take to fecure and dif-
pole of our goods and ourselves I conclud-
ed to proceed to Archangel, where it was
impoffble to want a ihip either for England,
Holland, or Ilamburgh.
One night 1 happened to falJ into the comn-
pany of an exiled prince, but a vary fine
gentleman, whofe virtue flruck me into fuch a
deep refpcd, that I proposed a method for
his enlargement. He refused the offer, and
gave me feveral reafons for fo doing : But,
laid he, 1 have a fon, and if you will be af-
fiftant to him, 1 fall take it kinder than if
I done to me. This I very readily complied
I with'; and fo the young prince was fent for,
who brought with him a noble equipage,
and a considerable quantity of furs and other
valuable merchandize.
When we had fetiled all our other affairs,
the next thing to be eonfidered was, the meth-
od of travelling, which we concluded
would be belt and fafeft to avoid the great
towns, and take the bye roads. After we had
paflcd'the river Cama, as we were obliged to
Jo we came to a little city on the European
flide, but the people were molt of them Pagans
as in the more remote part of the country.-
From this place wc were to pais a defert 2oo
miles
138 img138.jpg
132 R0 B I N S 0 N
miles in breadth, and wee fet upon in ouii,
paffage, by a large troop of Calmuck Trtaas,
from whom we did make a fhift to efcape,
but not without the greatest difficulty andc
danger. In fliort we were forced to makeA-
ourrelves a fort of fortification of ti- '.:.,' is
of trees, which flood us in fuch lteadi, that
though we were fercral times attacked with
mll the fury imaginable, yet they could nevet
break in upon our little compa& body ; and
fo, by the ftraiagemn of a fire, we got off ii'
the night, and faved the camels and all the
reft of the mtrchandize.
After we had paired the' river Kitza, we
came to a larue town. named Ofmoys, where:
we beard thai feveral troops of Tartars had
been abroad, but that we wcsre now paft dan-
ger. We came next to Lawrenfkoy, whez ,
we hired boats to carry our luggage ; fo we
arrived at Archangel on the 13th day of Ju-
ly, after a year, five months and three days
journey. We failed from Archangel on the
2oth of April, and came into the Elbe, Sep-
tember following. Here my partner and I
fold our goods, and divided the money;
and my fhare after all ou.r loffes, came to
34751. 17s. 3d. At Hamburgh my .'i.,
lord took his leave, in ord-r to go to Vied-
na, not only for prote&io.i, but for the fake
of correfponding with his father, and the
reft of his friends. I came to the Hague,
where I embarked for England, and arrived
at London on the 10th of January, 1705, after
ten years and nine months absence.
ROBINSON
1J
139 img139.jpg
C R U S 0 1.
ROBINSON CRUSO's VISION
0O THE
ANGELICK WORLD.
CHAP. 1.
Of Solitude.
OWEVER folitude is looked upon as a
restraint to the pleafures of the world,
in company and conversation ; yet it is a hap-
py fate of exemption from a fea of trouble, an
inundation of vanity, vexation and difappoint-
ment. While we enjoy ourfelves, neither the
joy nor forrow of other men affect us : We are
then at liberty, with the voice of our foul, to
fpeak to God. By this we fhun fuch frequent
trivial difcourfe, as ever becomes an obfTruc-
tion to virtue : And how often do we find we
had reafon to wifh we had not been in com-
pany, or faid nothing when we were there :
For either we offend God by the impiety of
our difcourfe, or lay ourfelves open to the vio-
lence of defigning people by unguarded ex-
preflions, and confequently perceive the
coldnefs and treachery of pretended friends,
when once involved in trouble and affli&tion :-
And fuch unfaithful intimates (I should fay
enemies) who rather by faife inuendoes would
accumulate minferies upon us, than honeftly af-
fift us when fufferinz under the moft artful
M .. and
140 img140.jpg
134 ROB NS 0
dcti.rning men. But in a fiale of I'olitude,
when our tongues cannot be' helaid except by .
the o, R:t MLIefly of I-Ieaven. h'.w happy are
we, in the bl lie' edij,\ memn of c.)ivrer Ic t'aih
our Maker! It is then we mke him i.tir Ifriend,
which makes us .bj.c the cn..y rd tor-aiernpr.
of %% icl.ed men. And when a mnn iion' erlei
-vith himfelf, he is fure that he d,,ces ni,t con-
verfe with an enemy: At leaft, we Ihold re-
treat to good company, and good b ,oki : 1 I
mean not by solitude that a man flC,:uld ret ire
into a cell, a defert, or a rnoni t'.rv, which
would be altogether an ufelefs and unprofita-
ble flr.lirn't : For as men are formed for l.ioci-
ety, and have an ahfolute neceffity and dep ence oneuponanother; fothere is a retirem.rrt E
of the foul,-in which it converfcs wit h heay-
en even in the midftf of men : And indeed no
man is more it to fpeak freely, than he, who
canwithout any violence to hirulflf, refrain
.his tongue, or keep filent altogether. Ai to J
religion, it is by this the foul cets acqoa!nted
with the hidden mysteries of the olv1 w rings .
Here Uie finds thofe floods of tearr., irn which
g ...d men wafh themifelves day and night ;
.and only make a vifit to God, amd his hlioly
angels. In this con\ erf.ition, the trucit p ace
anr inoft folidjoy are to be found ; I ii a con-
tinual feafi ofcontentment on earth, and the
means, of attaining euvelafing happiutfs in
hCavenA.
h La r "r_ C A --
.' ..... ". C If A P. '
141 img141.jpg
-C R U S 0 F. 1 35
S C -IHAP. II.
Of HonSzy.
IH ONESTY is a virtue beloved by good
men, and pretended to by all pcrl-ns
In this there are several degrees : To pay eve-
ry man his own, is the., *mr'."' law 1 huritf ;
but to do good to all r-iti kmnd. i., the .C/'l,,it,-ry
law of lionefty ; and [his chancerv coirt i; in
every man's bieill, where his Ci' t."-., A ., d
Clzan't',i. Hence it is that a, mier, though
he pav'i ever'. one their twn. cannot "be nt
honell man, when he does n't difcharg.- il-ie
good offices that are incumbent on a fiendlv,
kind. generous perl;.,i : For the pipih,-t l,:ia!;
faith, chl. xxx IL 7 8. 1&h: ,,'iir.irn -, f a .hurj '
are n.i7 : Htodu, t.:iz ack' d dt'i .'., dJr'i'y ,hr p,,r
wati /ineg ;,ij,'./h, .' 't '. n th.: a i', v ]/;c.,ih r: i', .
Bu'! ih h,'r ad J,.,i lb/ra' I t,'.r. a. P.: 1- tiecr,'
th ,i fit.lI i'lz:nl. IL is c<-rtiiin"ly hr nefty. to
do ever,; thing the law require; : But fLouH-
we throw ever prior debtor in T.r;fon till he
has paid the titmoft farthii,. hang e, cry marl-
fatti.r without mercy'. c .;,-t the penaliv of
ever, bond, and the foif-fitirer of eery inden-
tuie: t'I, this would be ..wrinright c ,iJclt.'.
and n't hont -i ; and is c,'ntrai v t1 that ze.-
eral rule, ,C .i a-',.*", r. Aa .' A v,, :,.'. /
h iAyC do" ua i .. -v. Sm-,mei;nes necefllay in ke4
an h':nelt n'jn a k iave, when a rich man i" an
honelt mmn, biut no thinks to hiri foi it. The
trial 't honcef) is this : Did you ever 'vwanit
bread, and had your neighlib.-,jr' loaf in keep-
ing, and would [La[ve, rather than eat it ?
Were you qver arrested, having in your cufto-
dy
142 img142.jpg
;36 R 0 B I N S O N
dy another man's ralh, and would rather go to
goal than bieak it ? If fo, then indeed this
may be reckoned honefty. For Kigg l ..'/g wn
tells us, that a good name is better than life, a,.d
ia-a precious ointment, and w*ichd when a man bas
once loft e has n ot.i.j left worth keeping.
CHAP. III.
Of Immorality of Converfation, and the vulai Er-
rors of Behaviour.
AS conversation isa great part of human hap-
.I pinefs, fo it is a pleafant fight to behold a
fweet tempered man, who is always fit for it
to fee an air of humour and pleafantne!s fit
Hpon every brow, and even something argel-
ick upon every countenance : Whereas if we
obFer,'e a defigriing man, we hall find a mark
of involuntary fadnelfs breaks in on his joy,
and a certain infurre&ion in the foul against
ti-.e tyranny of profligate principles.
They err very much, who think religion,
or a ftrio morality.difcomnpofes the mind, and
renders it unfit for conversation ; for it is
rather that which infoires us to innocent
mirth, indeed, without a counterfeit jov, at
vicious men appear with : And ,ndJed wit is
as conr.Q-nt with religion, as religion is with
good manners ; nor i. there any thing in the
limitatio# of virtue and religion, that fhould
abate the pleafure of it, but on the contra ry in-
creafe it.
But on the other hand, many men by their
own vice and intemperance, disqualify th-m-
felves for converfation, in being of ci nical,
"urly
143 img143.jpg
CR U S E.
fatrly and rude tempers. though they boaft'
themnfelves otherwise. Converfati.nr is' Im-
moral, where rild;u rle is indecernt, immodest,
fcandalous, slanderous or abufive. How great
is their folly, and how mnch;it is expofed, by
affronting their bellft friend, even G.'d himlelf,
before men, whofe notions are uncertain, and
yet who laugh at the fool vhtn his fear co.izilh
The great fcandal atheiftical .nd immoral
dilcourfe gh\cs to virtue, ought, mcthinks, to
be punifhlcd by the judges : Make a man once:
ceafe to believe a God, and he his nothing
left to limit his foul but mere philofophy.
And how incongruous is this to government,
thatea manr Ihould be punilhcd 1',] druikcr;-
n efs or wearing, and ye. have 1iberry to al-
fron." and even deny' the Mjt. flv of Heiaven '
If a man gives the lie to a grniltrnan in com-
pany. or perhaps fpeak; a wotd without any
offe,,ive meaning, he flitc into a palTion. quar-
rels, fights, and perhaps murleis him ; or af-
tei wards profecutes him at Ihw with the ut-
rnoll villanv and opprlcflio.n.
The next thing to be refrained from ; ob-
fcene dilcourfe, whnch is the largu.ge on!yv ol
the proficient in deb.auclier, %% ho never r,!-
pent but inr a gaol or a holpiial and %hofe
carcaffes link as bad as their dikfcourle, till tI.e
body becomes too mafy for the foUul to IkZy a-
ny longer 1n it.
Nor is ralfe talking Icfs to be avoided : For
lying is the Ibeep's clothing hun.g upon the
wolf's back ; 'tis the Ph'arqi/c's prayer, the
whore's blufh, the hypocitie's paint, the mur-
derer's file, the thief's cloAk. 'Lis yJab's em-
brace, and Judaa's kils ; in a word, 'tis man-
M 2-n kird's
144 img144.jpg
138 R 0 B I N S 0 N
kind's darling fin, and the devil's diflinguifi-
ing character. Some add lies to lies, till it not
only comes to be improbable, but even'impof- '
fible too : Others lie for gain, to deceive, de-
lude and betray: And a third fort lie for
fort, or forfun. There are other liars, who
are personal and malicious : who foment dif-
ferences, and carry tales from one houfe to
another, in order to gratify their own envious
tempers, without any regard or reverence for
truth. -
C H A P. IV.
Of the pr.fnt State of Religion in t4 ,World.
I DOUBT, indeed, there is much more devo-
tion than religion in the world, more ado-
3 ,tion than fupplication. and more hypocrify
than fincerity : And it is very melancholy to
consider, what numbers of people there are
furn ifhed with the powers of reafou and the
gifts of nature, andi yet abandoned to the groff-
eft ignorance and depravity. But it would
be uncharitable for us to imagine, (as fome Pa-
pifts abounding with too much ill! nature, the
only fcandal to religion, do) that they will
certainly be in the fRate of damnation after
this hfie For how can we think it confiftent
with the mercy and goodnefs of an infinite be-
ing, to damn thofe creatures, when he has not.
farnifhlied them with the light of his gofpel ? J
Or how can fuch proud, conceited and cruel
bigots prefcriba rules to the justice and mercy
of God ?
We
145 img145.jpg
C R U S 0 E. 39
We are told by fome people, that the great
image which King A'ebuchadnezzar fet up to be
adored by his people, held the representation
of the fun in his right hand, as thie principal
objet of adoration. But to wave this difcourfe
of Heathens, How many felfcontradi&ing
principles are held amorg ChfriftLans 1 And
how do we doom one another to the devil,
while all profcfs to worship the fame Deity,
and to expea the fame falvation !
VWhen I was at Portugal there was held at
that time the court of juftice of the inquifition.
All the criminals were carried in proceffion to
the great church ; where eight of them were
habited in gowns and caps of canvas, whereon
the torments of hell were displayed, and they
were condemned and burnt for crimes againfl
the Catholick faith and Bleffed Virgin.
I am forry to make any refle Lions upon
Chriftians ; but indeed in Itao, the Ro-mijh re-
ligion fees the moft cruel and mercenary up-
on earth : And a very judicious person, who
travelled through Italy from Turkey, tells us,
" That there is only the face, and outward
pomp of religion there : that the church pro-
tets murderers and affaffins, and then delivers
the civil magifirates over to Satan for doing juf-
tic6; interdias whole kingdoms, and fihuts up the
churches for want of paying a few ecclefiaftick
dues, and fo puts a flop to religion for -ant of
their money : That the Court of Inquifition
burnt two men for fpeaking difhonourably of
the Bleffed Virgin, and the miffionaries of
China tolerated the worfhipping the devil by
their new concerts : That Ital;, was the thea-
tre. where religion was the graRtd opera ; and
that
146 img146.jpg
140 R 0 B I N S 0 N
that the Po-piih clergy were no other than the
ft a g e p ra iz r F.-. "
As to teli.onn in P,-.,i W, thelicv deny Chrift to
be the Meffiah, or that the Mcltih was cone
in the fltlh. And as.'u their Proieftant;, they
a.ii tne fa.lowers of Lehus Sociv,,,, who denied
our Saviour's divinity ; and hiv.e no concern
about the divine inspiration of the Hol, Ghoft.
Ln Ahtfcvy their chuiches are huilt of wood,
andindeed they havebutwooden piefls, lhou.uh
of the Greek church: They pra. as much to
Strov. *V :, as Papifts do to the Vi'rgln AIl,,
ui o.t.i.i.on itr ail theirdifficulir- or Titon?.
As to ,Latherans, they only d lijr frrm the
-.?.r 'n le i- cving (',nlubfl--n:& lion, infleaci
,.f i'!,niubtt. ntiaiior-. but, lik'e them, they ale
mnuci jit-.lJed tth tile external gallantry and '
p.m,-. rmje tharn Lih 1r1e and leal prattice ot "r
e;1 .,f 7O1.
in ii :, I Found 'worid of prell., the
*iet's e.'!v uwJeie cti.,ded with them, and
tpe chutinhes full of women butl furey never
SrS :ti;C'. I'n1 o full o: blind -- tdes, li ignnitant
r. r-:iii'o0 a:ld even oS void oft moial, as thofe '
eole whocori"ffs their (ins to thcm.
N.'w it leems lIrange, that while all men
own theDivine B:.-Ink,. tiete should be lo many
dJflerent (ent mrnt, about paying him obeji-
tnce in the Chnrillian chuiiti : 1 know not what
sekit- l-Tin for ;his, except it be their dif-
ferent tpaEtCles an:ld facuiles.
Anl indeed upon this accoujot, we have per-
ceiv.d in all Chrillhan countries what mobtall
J.,ids have been about Telig;on: What wars
and blooillhed hava molefled Iurtve, till the '
general paic.hiiat;oa of hU WG. Luai doubles at
01. P
]*
147 img147.jpg
R U S 0 E.
the treaty of 1.., *'i, :.' z ; and fince, between
the Lutheran churche, And should I lake a
profped at home, iv liar unhappy divisions are
between Chrilian; in th-s kingdom about Epif-
copacv, F reffbtecr,, the Cr.nrca of .,.;nl men
and thle DUenie,' and where they withiland
one another like St. P'aul and St. Pe'ei, event
to the face ; a minuch as to fay, cairy on the
dilpute to the utrroill etremit\.
It might be a quellion. Why there are fruch
dilferences in religious points, and why thele
breaches [ihould be fo hot and irreconcilable ?
All the aiifwer I can give to this; is, that we
ir.q'jire more concerning the truth of religion,
than any other nation in the world; and the
anxious concern we have about it, make us
jealou; of every opinion-; and tenacious oF our
own: And th iss not because we ate more
furious and ralh than other people ; but the
truth is, we are moreconcerned about then,
and being tnnfible that thie fc-ipture ;. the great
rule of faith, the fliandird tor i,:e ancd d<-iiine,
we have rccouiie t.i u CLirlVeS, witIliouLt lub-
mitting to the peicen.4ed inallib!l judge upon
earth. .
There -; another q.ir'tion pciiinent to the
fotrner. \\'iat i-medy can we apply to this'. nai-
ady ?' And to this i in.ll rnegatively answer,
not to, have tvs be lets relgic.ii that we might
differ lefs about it :- A -d ths is 1irking at tho
very root of all rig 6a; dilffcrencc ; for cer-
iainly, ',ere they to t-e carried on with a peace-
able Ipirit, willing lobe info, med. our variety
of op;nior.s wouid not have tle name of differ-
rices; nor should we leparate in communion
148 img148.jpg
R- 0 B I X S C' V
Let us, for a while, w'e i 'r',:. Ih, pi, :T m .i,-
part of his conversation !In i i:i,,- I,- r,. t i,, i, .
fpent hours, sad the n.taI r I! *! i ,r p. -'. ,i to
the great centre andgt1 G 1%r c liZ.;,. .- ki :'
how to put a r vaiuC,.f .. I ,, ,. ,i I,. i,', bIqoe
of his foul, as it really. r. r III ..' ,.
asone that m ut acco- ,. tr t].!, i-"tI 1:, i.s ti
form an equality bet,,t, -..;i hF .: n 3 ., ,6d .s.h.:[ 1I
flhall receive; lefs caii if. t- ..'nd.-d .c:f ii'b-) e
virtue, or what he fort._re' i d .r I. ".'',r h er q-
ative or positive piety .-. hL ,.,, t -e j.d. .-d ,. .
the eternity that reward ':. It i f',, hvir [hrn ,' tI. be-
some of the Pha'rifee, sit-.-, he Lo i,1].. d .b', Ltc In-
cerityofhis repentao:t, i..a -f jidJ, ,.ordi',' tio the
infinitegrace of God; ['.a a I!1 ,t A b.I.l.r Ul tn rnd-
tfs eternity a
When te negativ- m)n ,_'i v iiI h r i: ,Lie
world, he is filled ..h A. rroi. I:.r.r aid d[.-: iT is
.Fealix when St. Paltti r i(..nr n:. i,.m .' i.r rfl i.h-
coufnefs, and of judgir e, .i :, : .: r .I t I r i.F.-h a
great philofopher of great I'- '.'. i .i ir i i f ... ... "
ativeman; and he was nr.,J: kn b-,LlI, A', 'wi i,.,itle, iin
asa life ofvirtue aad LiDp, rnci ,r .I rf i ,id ..,
giving a healthy hods. a ikr t., M .r. 1 .1 ctip.t.'J ldIt;
to eternal happiness rn *i" 1,**-id f,. m an...,h-i _., ;
naimely, theinfinite ur.:i u:dird r1'- .-It I pr.1 .i. i ,.d,
"who having Cre&ed a I, Ut' iiL, I. JrAlui ('hrit ,r.ildi
fe-piIJate fuch as by L r1 'rid rt;riQ ,rin.-e Il' N t'' Iiru-iihr
home and united t.i -ni't l. r. c ,: .' i .e,.rcq : _, 5_
on-the foot of his h:,. i, Id It -.e i e a I r' .rn '.lr
them, had-appointed t!in ro "I j, A.,I lie'n .a'l ithe ,1-
Jofophv,ternperance and ri,'ir-ii if -I- Lu the % -ild I et'idt..
-was inteffetual ; andthib, i I,.>, it '., lhaL nade .X.,i
s ajri. 4j ro, tmeinb:n.
i iA. -
4^,
i
149 img149.jpg
S
150 img150.jpg
I
151 img151.jpg
-I
152 img152.jpg
41r.
4c-
'oe
41C
air
ILI
153 img153.jpg
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154 img154.jpg


> h, 4 A
nee ores bee

ry
ep Ae pe
as BA, ey 4A
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re



Viv dV is i ecacamanss




hee


a
FRONTISPIECE, See page 23.



ROBINSON CRUSOE,
After being caft away was dafhed againit Rocks to which
he neld faft until the wave was abated, and then with great
difficulty reached the Land.
yYHE MOST SURPRISING
A. DAY... ce ha OU Res ES,
AND WONDERFUL

Dey dt Sede ested

OF

/ ROBINSONCRUSOE,

Of Yorxs, MARINER.



SC@nNTAINING

A fulland particular Account how his Ship
was loft in a Storm, and all his Compan-
ions were Drowned, and he only was caft
upon the Shore by the Wreck ; and how he
lived eight and twenty Years in an unin-

habited Ifland, on the Coaft of America, &c.

WiIiTtH

A true Relation how he was at laft miracu+
loufly preferved by Pirates, &c. &c. Ke,

we 3S BSPDIS?? € é Be CBRE —

Printed at G@oveefir, MassacuuszTTs,
And SOLD at the/ WORCESTER) BOOKSTORE.

(1795.




PREFACE,

JN this new abridgment of the wonderful life and
moft furprifing adventures of Rokinfon Crufoe,
4 think myfelf obliged to acguaint the reader,
< That all pofible care has been taken to prefervethe
hiftory entire, to corred Some miflakes in_ former
imprejfions, and to add a contderable number oF
Jatls and material obfervations that have of late cc-
curred, and were never publifked but in this edi-
tion, :

The general fuccefs and the jut applaufe the
work at large has met with, render ti needlefs for
me to fay any thing in its commendation ; nor do
4+ think the weak excepitons that have been made a-
gainft the poMibility of the flory, deferve any ob-
Jervation, What if the whole was (as is fuggejted)
amere fftion ? Yet the defign is fo jufily carried
on, and fo interfperfed with curious objervations
and moral reflettions, that all perfons who have any
zafte for the metaphorical way of writing, muft
allow this a mafterpiece, and I will venture to fay,
the firft and belt of the kind that ever appeared ix
the Englifn language, ;

But as I hope the performance will peak better
2% tts own favour than any body can pretend to do,
4 fhall not trouble the reader, nor myfelf, with ufle-
lefs apologies, or attempt to perfuade any one into
an opinion of a work fo univerfally efteemed.

Let this ubridgement, which is contra&ed into as
narrow a compafs as pofible, be but read over with
that conficeration and Jedatene{s which the nature
of the defign deferves, and then there is no doubt to
be made, but the candid reader will find a fufficient —
return doth for his trouble and expenfe; and
wrk thefe cautions, and upon this prefumption,
J fubmit the following fheets to his perufal, .




4

IKE ave ADVENTURES

é

pace » ae J
vet A ARBR > ge pie
. Ol lang gts

ROBINS@N CRUSOE,

NPP PF O [ I E that pretends to publifh to the world an

account of his own life and ations, is
doubtlefs under the ftrongeft obligations to
confine himfelf within the ftri€teft rules of
modefty and truth: And this, I can affurethe
publick, I moft folemnly determine to do in
the following narration.

I was born at York, in the year 1632, of a
reputable family. My father was a merchant,
born at Bremen ;_ his original name was
Kreutznaer, which for the fake of the Englifh
pronunciation, was afterwards changed into
Crufoe. My mother’s name was Robinfon, a
native of the county ef York; and for that
reafon I was called Robinfon, after her maid-
en name.

i was the youngeft of three brothers. The
eldefi was an officer, and killed in the warsin
the Low Countries ; and the other I could
never learn any thing of. My father intend-
ing me for the law, particular care was taken
of my education: But all the pains and ex-
penfe were to no purpofe; my inclinations
SS re ete As were


7

i
fi





VI +

Ms Pf 3 (chery ae

6 ROBINSON.
Soa) CO oR se

were bent another way, and nothing wouid
ferve my turn, but at all hazards, I mult g6 to
fea. Pe t ae ‘
My father and mother were both violently
againft it, and ufed athoufand arguments to
diffuade me ; butit was all to nopurpofe > My
refolutions were fo firmly fettled, that neither
the intreaties of a moft tender father, nor the
tears of an affe€tionate mother} could make 2-
ny impreffion upon me. a

I was then about nineteen years old, when
mecting with one of my fchoolfellows at Hull,
who was going with his father, who was maf-
ter of a fhip, to London, I acquainted him
with my refolutions, and he readily promifed
me I fhould have a free paflage, and be pro-
vided with all other neceflaries fuitable to the
voyage, Accordingly, without imploring 2
bleffing of my parents, I took fhipping on the
firft of September, 1653.

Our thip was hardly got clear of the Hum-
ber, when we were overtaken by a violent
ftorm ; and, being extremely feafick, I began
to refle& upon my father’s good advice, and
the happinefs of a middle ffate of life which
he propofed to me ; refolving, ifever I fhould
be to happy as to fet my feet again upon dry
land, that I would return to my parents, and
beg their pardon, and bid a final adieu to my
wandering inclinations.

Thefe were my thoughts during the ftorm:
But that was no fooner over, but my good
refolutions decreafed with the danger, particu-
jarly when my companion, coming to me, afk-
ed me if I was not a little frighted by the
ftorm, which as he exprefled it, was only a

cap

t


; See A:
COR Us SS OE q

cap foll~of wind.“ Come boys (fays he)
turn out, fee what fine weather we have now,
and a goed bowl of #unch will drown all
your paft forrews.”

In fhort, the punch was made, and I got
fairly drunk, and then all my former refolu-
tions and notions of returning home vanifhed.
Tremained hotheaded feveral days, until I
was roufed up by an accident, that had very near
put a final end to my wandering refolutions,

Upon the fixth day, we came to an anchor
in Yarmouth road where we lay windbound
with feveral other. vellels from Newcaftle =
but there being fafe anchorage, and cur
fhip being tight, and .our cables good,
the failors defpifed all dangers, and were as
merry in this flation as if they had been on
fhore. But on the eighth day there arofe
fuch a ftrong gale of wind as prevented our
riding up the river, which ftill increafing, our
fhip rode forecaftle in, having fhipped feveral
large feas,

it was not long before a general horror feiz-
edthe feamen; and I heard the mafler cry,
Lord have mercy uponus, we fhal! all be loft!
For my part, I kept my cabin, very fick, till
the dreadful apprehenfions of fudden death
made me come upon deck, and there I waster-
ribly affrighted indeed:

‘The fea went mountains high, and nothing
was to be expe&ted but unavoidable deftruc-
tion. Two of the fhips had already cut their
mails by the board ; two more had loft their
enchors, and were forced out to the mercy of
the tempeil ; and we, to fave our lives, were

forced
oo SS

dae
me

,
f

s ROBINSON ‘.
forced to cut away both our foremaft and
mainmatt,

It is eafy to judge the condition I was in,
who being but a frefh water failor, was in a far
worfe cafe than any of them. Our fhip was
very {trong, but, as I underftood by them, too
heavy laden, which made the failors cry out,
She would founder,

The ftorm continued extremely violent ;
and in the middle of the night I could hear
fome crying out, ‘* That the {hip had fprung a
leak ;” others, “* That there was four feet water
in the hold.” I was ready to give up the ghoft
through fear, when on a fudden all hands
were called to the pump, and I among the
seik.



Whilft we were all in this confufion and |
diftrefs, the mafter happened to efpy fome
light colliers, and fired a gun asa fignal of our
muery. Iwas not then a failor good enough
to know the meaning of the gun ; but I foon
underftood it was a token of ourextreme dan-
ger, andl muft freely own it is impoffible for
meto defcribe the agonies I laboured under.

Happy
C28 |e & 9

Happy it was for ug that in the form they
regarded our fignal, and with a great deal of
hazard put out their long boat, and by won-
derful Providence faved our lives, bat with the
greateft dificuifty ; for we had hardly got into
the boat, but we faw our fhip fink to the bot-
tom, and we had infallibly been every foul
drowned if they had not come in that very
nick of time to our affiftance,

It was not without a great deal of danger
and difficulty that they recovered their own
fhip. However, they made a fhift to land us
at a. place called Cromer, near Winterton
lighthoufe ; from whence we all walked in a
moit miferable drowned condition to. Yar-
mouth, where the good people furnifhed us
with neceffaries cither for London or Hull.

I have often thought fince, that it was very
Strange that after thefe great misfortunes at
fetting out, I did not (like the prodigal) return -
to my father, who having heard. of the fhip’s
misfortune, had all the reafon in the world to
think I waslof. But my. ill fate ftill pufhed
me on in fpite of all the ftrong conviétions of
reafon, conicience and experience.

After three days ftay at Yarmouth, I. met
the young man that invited me to goon board
with his father, 1 found his face and his be-
haviour very much altered ; and I found like-
wife he had told his father who I was, and
that 1 had taken this voyage only fora trial,
in order to proceed farther abroad hereafter.

When theold man faw me, fays he, “ Young
man, you ought never to attempt to go to fez
any more ;. for, depend upon it, you never
will be profperousin a feafaring condition.

You











20. RO) an ae one

You fee what ill fuecefs Heaven has fet before
your eyes ; and perhaps our misfortune may
in fome meafure be owing to you. Pray (add-
edhe) tell me truly upon what motive you
firft undertook this voyage.” Upon this I
told him the whole; at the end of which
he broke out into the following exclamation :

“ Oh, ye eternal powers ! what great offence
have I committed, that I fhould take fuch a
defperate, abandoned wretch into my fhip, that
has brought all thefe miferies and misfortunes
upon me!” After his paffion was a little a-
bated, proceeded—<« Young man, depend upon
it, if you do not return, and fubmit to your
parents, wherever you go, the anger of God
will certainly purfue you, and you will meet
with nothing but ruin and difafter, until your
father’s words are fulfilled upon you.”” And
fo he left me. oe ea

And now again I had fome notion of return-
ing home : But that was quickly overruled by
a foolifh opinion, that if I did, my neighbours
and acquaintance would laugh at me. So
ftrange 1s the nature of youth, that though
they often do foolifh things without cither
fhame or remorfe, yet at the fame time they
are afhamed to own their folly, and repent.

In fhort, I made the beft of my way to Lon-
don, being at all hazards refolved upon a voy-
age ; and being acquainted with tlre captain.
of a fhip, a voyage | foon heard of to the coat
of Guinea. Having fome money, and appear-
ing like a gentleman, I did not go on board
like a common failor, but foon got fo far into
the captain’s favour, that he told me I fhould”
be his meflmate, and fhould have full liberty

te


4

Po Ol EN | ee

ORES @ & at

to carry with me what merchandife I. fhouid
think fit, and te-difpofe of it to my own advan-
tage. : i

4 was wonderfully pleafed with this kind
offer, and concluded that now I had an op-
portunity of making my fortune ; and in or-
der tomy voyage I fent to my friends for
fome money to fit me out ; who accordingly
remitted me forty pounds, which I laid out in
goods according to his direétions. He taught
me to keep a journal, and feveral of the mof
ufeful parts of navigation. And indeed, by
his affiftance and my own induftry, in. this
voyage I became both a failor and a merchant.
Part of this voyage I was exceilively fick of
a_calenture, occafioned by the heat of the cli-
mate, being in the latitude of almoft 15 de-
grees north of the line. However, I recover-
ed, and managed my little ftock fo well, that
T brought over with me five pounds and nine
ounces of gold duft, which produced at Lon-
don near three hundred pounds fterling.

Soon after my return, my good friend the
captain died. Although this was a very great
grief to me, yet I refolved to go another voy-
age with his mate, who had got the command
of the fhip.. This voyage proved a very un-
fuccefsful one. I carried with me about one
hundred pounds, and left the reft with the
captain’s widow, and fo to fea we went. But
as we were failing towards the Canary iflands,
we found we were chafed by a Salee rover,
who in fpite of all the fail we could make, in
a fhort time came up with us; and now there
‘was no remedy but to fight er be taken.

They
.Moor, lis kiniman, and the boy, to catch fith

as (CC ROOOB FR 8 ON





















They had 18 guns, and our fhip but 12.
however, about three in the afternoon, w
came to an engagement. “Many were killed
on both fides ; but at length being overpower-
ed by their numbers, we were forced to fubmit,
and all carried into Salee. Our men wer
fent tothe Emperour’s court to be fold ; bu
the captain of the pirate, taking a particular
liking to me, kept me for his own flave.

It was in this miferable condition that my
father’s words came afrefh into my remem
brance, and my thoughts were contiaually at
work to make my efcape. My patron en-
trafted me with the management of his garden
and houfe; and indeed I was not without
hopes but at fome time or other an opportuni-
ty might offer. The worft of it was, I had
no mortal to communicate my thoughts to ;
and fo for two years, I could find nothing
practicable.

In length of time, I found my patron was
grown fo poor, that he ceuld not ft out hi
fhip as ufual; and then he ufed conftant!
once or twice a week to go out a fifhing, tak-
ing me and a Morifco boy to row the boat;
and fo much pleafed was he with my dexterity
in fifhing, that he would cften fend me with z

for him.
One morning as we were at the [port; there
arofe fo thick a fog that we lof our way, and
rowing all night, when it was light we found
ourfelves at leafl two league in the ocean;
however, we madea fhift to get on fhore
But, to prevent the like misfortune for the fu-
ture, my patron. ordered a carpenter te ae
6 OD ae Littie


cRUSE OE, 13

Uttle fate room in the middle of the long
boat, with a place behind ta fleer, and other
conveniences to keep out the weather.

In this he wouldoftentake us out a fifhing 3
and one time particularly, he invited three or
four perfons of diftinG@ion to go along with
him, and made extraordinary preparations for
their entertainment : Providing alfo three fu-
nees, with a fufficient quantity of powder and
fhot, that they might have fome [port at fowlin«,
as they paffed along the fhore. The next morn-
ing the boat being in readinefs, on a fudden
their minds altered. However, my patron
ordered us to go and catch a dith of fifh ; for
that he was refolved his gueits fhoyld fup with
him. ‘

And now it was that I began to think ofmy
deliverance; and in order to it, I perfuaded
the Moor to, get fome provifions on board,
and alfo fome powder and fhot to fhoot cur-
lews, which were very plenty in thofe parts.
I took care to provide privately whatever elfe
I could think was the moft neceflary for the
prefent expedition, refolving to make my ef-
cape, or perifh in the attempt.

When we were paft the caftle, we fell to
fifhing, and I f{tood farther into the fea; and
when we were got at leaft a league, I gave the
boy the helm, and feized Muley by furprife,
and-threw him overboard: “ Muley (faid Ip-
Z never defigned you any harm, and feek
nothing but my redemption; I know you are
able tofwim to fhore; but if -you offer te
follow me, that very moment I will fhoot you
through the head: Upon which he inflante

B ly
=

_the next day, by three in the afternoon, we






‘4g -ROBINSON

ly turned about, and I make no doubt but he
got fafe to fhore,



This a&ion frighted the poor boy exceed-
ingly ; however, I foon eafed him of his fear,
by telling him “ if he would be a good boy,
and {wear by Mahomet, and the beard of his.
father to ferve me faithfully, I would be very
kind to him.” The poor child feemed won-
derfully pleafed with my promife, and readily
confented ; and from that time I began to
love him entirely.

We purfued our voyage, keeping ftill on
the Barbary coaft; but in the dufk of th
evening, I changed my courfe, fteering direét-
ly S. and by E. that we might always be near
the fhore ; and having a:pleafant gale, 1 found

were 150 miles beyond the dominions of the
emperor of Morocco ; yet ftill 1 was under,
dreadful apprehenfions of being retaken.

i continued failing for five days together,
until I concluded that if any veffel was in pur-
fait ef me, I was got fo far to the Tn

.? that


ews @ «. ig

that they would not think proper to follow
me any farther. .

After all this fatigue, I anchored in the
mouth of a little river ; but where I knew |
not, neither could I fee any people to make
the difcovery. What I chiefly wanted was
frefh water, which I refolved to goon fhore
to find out as foon as it grew dufkifh: But ne
foonerdid it begin to grow dark, but we heard
fuch howlings and yellings of wild beafts and
monfters, that 1 muft needs own was exceed-
ly terrified.

Poor Xury paffionately begged me not te
goon fhore that night. The boy hada great
deal of wit; for which, and fome broken
Englifh which he had learned among the cap-
tives of our nation, I was mightily pleafed
with him. Neverthelefs, the howlings, and
bellowings were fo dreadful that we had but
little reft that night ; and to add to our confu-
fion, we difcovered one of the monfters
making towards us; upon which I took up
one of my guns and fhot at him, whether I hie
him or not, I cannot fay—but be made towards
the fhore, and the noife of my gun increafed
the fupendous noile of other montters,

The next morning I refolved to go on fhore,
and at all hazards get fome frefh water.
The poor boy would “have taken one of the
jars and fetched fome ; but I refufed, tell-.
‘ag him we would both go together and
take the fame fate ; and accordingly we took
our arms, and two jars for water, and away
we went.

I did not go out of fight of the boat for fear
the favages fhould come down the river in

their
SUR eS ee

16 eA Be RS An





their, canoes, and take it away ; but the boy
feeing a vale a little farther, ventured to it,
and returning with precipitation, I thowght
that he was either parfued by the favages or
fome wild beat ; upon which I ran towards
him, refolving to perifh, or preferve him ;
but as he came nearer to me, I faw a creature
hanging at his back, like one of our hares,
but iomething larger, which proved to be good.
and wholefome meat, and what added molt to
eurjoy, the boy affured ms that there was
plenty of freth water in the very creek where
the boat lay. :
In this place I began to eonfider that the.
Canary iflands and Cape de Verd could not
e far of ; but having no inftrument, I knew
not in what latitude we were, or when to
ftand off to fea for them. My hopes were to
meet fome of the Englith trading veffels, that
would confequenily take us in, and relieve us. _
The place I was in was doubtlefs that wild
uninhabited country that lies between the em-
peror of Moerceco’s dominions and the ne-_
groes ; itabounds with wild beafts of all forts,
and the Moors ufe it for hunting. From this _
I thought I fay mount Teneriffe in the Ca-
maries, and triec twice to fteer my courfe that
way, but was as often dren back, and com-
pelled to feek my Fortune along the fhore.
One morning very early we came to an an-
chor at a {mall point, and the tide eginning
to Low, we were preparing te go farther in ;
bat Xury, whofe youthful and penetrating
eyes faw farther than I, defired me to keep
out to fea, or we fhould be devoured, “For i
look yénder, mafter (faid he) and fee dat huge
: menfter



1 wt Pe

Doe OM rw “ye

Bi, sa. ee ee Ok

Cy Rey, S> OWE, 1q

monfter faft afleep on de fide of de hill: He

ointed to the place, and I difcovered a lion
of prodigious fize bafking himfelf under the
fhade of a hill. “ Xury (faid I) you fhall go
on fhore and kill him ;” the boy looked a-
mazed ; “ Me kill him (faid he) he eat me at
one mouth,” meaning mouthful. Upon which
I took my biggeft gun, and charging it well,
fhot at him, and broke one of his legs ; and
then with a fhot from my other gun, I killed
him.



But the fiefh of this creature not being
good for food, I thought this was {pending
our ammunition in vain ; indeed 1 thought the
fkin when it was dry, might be of fome ufe,
and fo determined to flea it off, which took
up awhole day toefe&. -

From thence we went to the fouthward, re~
folving to live fparingly on our provifions,
and go on fhore as feldom as poffible, my de-
fign being to reach Gambia or any other place
about the Cape de Verd, in hopes to meet
fome European fhip ; and if Providence did
Ba got
Ee

28 ROBINS ON

not favourgne in this, my next refolution was
to feek for the iflands, and venture mylelf a-
mong the Negroes ; for without one of thefe, .
I could have no other profpeét but flarving.

As we were failing pretty near the fhore,
we could difcover feveral people upon it,
looking after us, We could perceive they
were blacks, naked and unarmed, al! except
one, who had fomething in his hand like a
flick, which Xury told me was a lance, with
which they could kill at a great diflance, I
was inclinable to have gone on fhore, but Kus
ry cried * No, now? However, 1 drew as
heal te the fhore as I could, and talked to
them by figns, till I made them fenfible I
wanted fomething ; they made figns to me to
flop my boat, whilit two of them ran up into
the country, and in lefs than half an hour
brought me two pieces of dry flefh, and fome
corn, which we kindly accepted ; and to
Prevent any fears, they laid it down, and
went and ftood ata diftance till we had fetch-
ed it on board, and.then came clofe up to us
again,

But while we were returning thanks to
them, being all we could afford, two mighty
creatures came from the mountains in purfuit
of each other ; they pafied the nesroes with
great {wiftnefs,and ju mped dire@ly into the fea,
wantonly {wimming about, as if the water had
put a flop to their fury. At laft one of them
coming nearer to the boat than I defired, I took
one ox my guns and let fy at him and killed
Him,

I cannot exprefs the confternation of the
poor Negroes, upon hearing the report of the

gun; ,


CYARUASS DEAT. * 19

gun; nor their furprife at feeing the creature
flain by it. i mate figns to them to draw it
out of the water by a rope, which they ac-
cordingly did ; and then I perceived it to be
a beautiful leopard, which made me defirous
of the fkin ; and the Negroes being no lefs
defirous of the flefh, I freely gave it them.
As for the other (which was likewile a leop-
ard) it made back to the mountains with
prodigious fwiftnefs. :

The Negroes having furnifhed us with the
befi provifions that the nature of the country
and circumflances would allow, I took my
leave of them 3 andin eleven days fail 1 came
in ight of Cape de Verd, or thoie iflands that
go by thatname ; but could not by any means
reacheither of them. Upon whichI grew ex-
tremely dejefted ; when Xury (with a fort of
terror) cried out, “* Maftro, Maftro, a great
fhip weth a fail!” I foon perceived fhe was
a Portuguele, and, as 1 conjeCtured, bound to
Guinea for Negroes ; upon which I frove all
J could te come up with them; but all my

triving had been in vain, if they had not hap-
pened to efpy, and fhortened their fail to ftop
for me. “

Encouraged by this, I fet up my ancient,
and fired a gun, -both as fignais of diftrefs ;
upon which they kindly lay to, till I came up
with them. It happened there was a Scotch
failor on board, to whom I made my cafe
known ; and then they took me into their
fhip.

You may weil imagine my joy was exceed-
ingly great for this unexpected deliverance :
efpecially when I found the captain ne the


a
i]
1
f
'
|
1



%0 SR OSB TE NMC SE OUN









fhip was very kind and compaffionate to me 3
to whom, in return for his friendfhip, I offer.
ed all I had, which he generoufly refufedy
telling me, his Chriftian charity taught him
better. Thefe effets you have (fays he
will be a means to fupport you when you!
eome to the Brazils, and ‘provide for your
paiiage home to your native country.” And
indeed he aéed with ftri& juftice to me ini
all refpe&s. ; ;
He bought my boat of me, and gave me his
note to pay me eight pieces of eight for i
when we came to the Brazils. He alfo gave
me fixty formy boy Xury, from whom I part
ed with great relu€tance ; however, the boy
being willing, I agreed he fhould be fet at
liberty after ten years fervice. 4
We arrived at the bay of All Saints, afte
22 days fail. The good man would not take
any thing for my peflage. He gave me 20
ducats for the leapard’s fkin, and 40 forthe
lien’s. Every thing he caufed to be delivered ;
and what I would fell he bought. In fhort,
I made 220 pieces of my {mail cargo ; and
With this little tock, I began as it were to en-
ter anew into the world. 9
He recommended me to an koneft planter,
with whom I lived till I had informed myqd
felfin the manner of planting and making
fugar ; and obferving the great advantages of
that bufinefs, I refolved to get the money TE]
had left behind me in England remitted, and]

to buy a plantation, %
In thort, I purchafeda plantation adjoining
to an honeft Portuguefe, born of Englith paw
rents, whom upon all occafions I found a very
. kind













y


GR Us 8 OE, ai

kind and ufeful neighbour. Our ftocks at
firft were both very low ; neverthelefs, by our
induftry and care, in a fhort time we made
confiderable improvements, and began to grow
rich, And now it was 1 repented the lofs
of my dear boy Xury ; having no mortal to
affift me, nor any body to converfe with but
my. neighbour.

Iwas in fome meafure feitled, before the
eaptainthat took me up, left the Brazils. One
day I went to him and:told him what flock I
had left in London, and defired his affifiance
in getting aremittance : To which the good
gentleman readily confented, but would have
me only fend for half, left it fhould mifcarry,
and if it did the reft would fupport me. So
taking letters of procuration from me, he af-
fared me he would ferve me to the utmoft of his
power ; and in truth he kept his word, and
was extremely kind to me on all occafions.

And now my wealth began to increafe a
pace; and in this ftate I might have lived
very happy, if my ambition and roving incli-
mation had not had too great power over me.
I had now lived fome years in the Braails 5
and I not only learnt the language, but con-
trated an acquaintance with feveral of the
moft eminent merchants at St. Salvadore, to
whom relating the manner of my two voyages
to Guinea, and the great advantage of trading
in thofe parts, they gaye fuch earnelt attention
to what I faid, that thrée came one morning,
and told me that they had a mind to fit outa
hip to go to Guinea, and if I would go their
fupereargo, and manage the trade, 1 fhould

have
Be Re BEN SOON

















have an equal fhare, without putting in an
idek:! .
This-I-took to be fo fair a propofal, tha
upon condition they would look after m
plantation in my abfence, I confented to it
and accordingly, a fhip being fitted out, and
all things in readinefs, we fet fail the firft o
September, 1695, ftcering northward upon the
coaft of Africa. But many days we had no
failed, before we were overtaken by a violent
ftorm, which lafted 12 days fucceflively :
When. the weather cleared, we found our
felves 11 degrees in the northern latitude, u
on the coaft of Guinea ; upon which the cap
tain gave reafons for returning, which I op
pofed, counfelling him rather to ftand awa
for Barbadoes, where I judged we might ar
rive in fifteen days. So altering our courf
we fteered weftward, in order to reach th
Leeward Iflands ; and here it was we were o
vertaken by a terrible tempeft. co
In this great diftrefs, one of our men cried
out, Land! Jand !’” When, looking ou
that very moment, we found our fhip wa
ftruck upon the fand, and expe&ted we fhould
tink, and that we fhould be all immediately:
loft. Weknew not where we were driven, an
what was worfe, were certain the fhip could
not hold out many moment’s longer.
Whilft we were looking upon one another,
expecting death every moment, the mate, affift
ed by the crew, hauled out the long boat, an
eleven of us committed ourfelves to the fury of
the fea, and God’s mercy. We foon found tha
this laft effort was to no purpofe ; for the tem-
eff was fo violent, andthe fea ran fo very high
. that
6 RW Bes & 23

that it was impofhble for the boat tolive. When
we had been driven about a league, came a
rodigious wave aftern, and overfet:us im aa
infant, fo that we had hardly timeto call upon
“God to receive our fouls,
. When men are ftruggling with the pangs of
death, they are commonly infenfible : But the
cafe was guite different with me; for while f
wes overwhelmed with the water, I had the
moft dreadful apprehenfions, and the joys of
heaven and the torments of hell were alternate-
ly in‘my thoughts, and yet ftill I kept firiving
on, while all my companions were lofi, till the
wave-had {pent itfelf, and, retiring, had thrown
me upon the fhore, half dead with the great
quantity .of water I had taken in during my
itruggling ; however, I got upon my feet as fait
as I could, left another wave fhould carry me
back : But notwithftanding I made all the fpeed
I could, yet another wave came, which dafhed
me againft'a piece of a rock in fuch a furious
manner that it made me fenfelefs: However
{recovering a little before the return of the next
wave, which’ would doubtlefs have carried me
off) I held faft hold of the rock tillthe fucceed-
ing wave abated, anc then I made fhift to reach
the main. land ; where, tired and almoit fpent,
I fat down contemplating the manner of my
prefent prefervation. 5
After I had returned my thanks to almighty
God for this wonderful prefervation, I beganto
look about me, to confider what. place 1 was in,
and what was next to’ be done in order to ny
future fubfiftence. I could neither fee houfe
nor people ; wet and hungry, and nothing. to-
help me, not fo muchas a weapon to defend me
again


‘water, which 1 luckily happened upon; {o, tak.

“in hopes to get fomething from thence for my

free and dry; and 1 found the provificns 7

29 .UC«CiéRC BOWS oR







againit the wild beafts. In fhort,P had nothi g
in the world but a knife, a fhort tobacco pipe,
and:a box half full of tobacco ; and what wa
worfe, night coming on, I was under very grea
apprehenfions of being devoured by wild beat
that I heard howling and roaring round abou
ame 3 fo that [had no profpe& but to expe an
other kind of death more terrible than that
had {fo lately efcaped. In this diftrefs, I walked
about a furlong into the country to feek fret,

ing to a tree, I feated myfelf fo that | could not
fall, and there I flept till morning.

It was day light before I left my apartment ig
the treg; when, coming down, and looking
round, I perceived that the tempei{t was ceafed,
and that the fhip was driven to the rock where
Tefcaped ; and looking further, I faw the fhip’
boat lying about a mile to the right, where the
waves had caft her up.

I hoped to have got tothe boat ; but the wa
ter between that and the fhore rendered thatim
prafticable. Sol turued again towzrds the fhip

prefent fubfiftence,

At all hazards [ refolved to get to the fhip ;
and fo, fripping, leaped into the water, an¢
fwimming round her, I had the goad fortune te
e{py a rope hanging fo low down that I coulé
reach it: By the help of Which, with fome dif
ficuity, I got into the forecaitie. Here i found
that the fhip was bulged, her head lifted
againfta bank, and her ftern almoft in the wa,
ter; all her quarter, and what was there, wer

goad ©


CYR FS, ED Tag

good order, and wanted nothing but a boat to
carry what [had occafion for.

’ Neceflity, which is the mother of invention,
put a project into my head. There were on
poard feveral {pare yards; a {pare topmait or
two, and three large {pars of wood. Withthefe
I fell to work, flinging as many of them over-
board as I could manage, and tied them to-
gether that they might not drive away. When
this was done, I tied them together in form of a
raft, and laid three or four fhort pieces of plask
on them crofiways. I found it would bear me,
put very little weight befides ; and fo, to
ftrengthen my raft, L cuta topmaft into three
or four lengths, and added them to it; and
then I confidered what wes moft proper to load
it with, it being then capable of carrying a tol-
eraable weight.












































































































ef



2§ RGB Ns Ox

At fir, I laid upon it all the boards I could
get, and then I lowered down three of the fea-.
men’s chefts, and filled them with provifions of
ail forts, I found clothes enough; but then F.
took no more. than my prefent occafion res”
guired,

My concern was chiefly upon tools to work
with, and fire arms and amtaunition 3 and ac-
cordingly I found in my fearch, the carpenter’s
cheft, and in the great cabin fome fre arms and
ammunaitioa, all which I put on board hy
raft ; and fo, with two broken oars, &c. I put
to fea; ‘

Though every thing at frft feemed to favour
my defign, yet after I had failed about a mile, £
found ona fudden the forepart of my raft run
aground, fo that it was with the greateit diffi-
culty imaginable I kept my cargo tight togeth«
€r; and indeed if I had not been extremely dil.
igent and careful, all had been loft and funk iné

_to the fea: But after fome time, Providence fo

ordered it, that at the rifing of the water my
raft floated again, and fo I happily ianded my

. effes.

Not far from the place where I landed, which
was at the mouth of a little cave, I difcovered a
very high hill, furrcunded with a great many
litle ones , and thither refolved ta go and

- view the country, and fee what placé was prop-

ér for me to fix my habitation in ; and accord:
ingly, arming myfelf with a fowling piece, a
piftol aud fome ammunition, I afcended the
mountains, and there found I was in an ifl-
and, being furrounded by the fea, It feemedta
be a barren uncultivated country, and only in-
habited by wild beafts,
ae Returning
Prete.

. —— se Se

st YY 8.



€ RUS 6 £. 27

Returning afterwards to my raft, I got my

soods on fhore; and being very much afraid of
the wild beafts, I made a fort of fence or barri-
cade about it, which I thought might in fome
mieafure fecure me againft the dangers 1 was
apprehenfive of ; and fo that night I flept very
comfortably, and the next morning when I
awaked, I refolved to go again to the fhip to get
fuch other necefleries inas 1 had moft ccca-
fion for, before another ftorm came, when I
knew fhe muft be dafhed to pieces.
* In order to this fecond expedition, I mended
my raft where I found it defeétive, and brought
away from the fhip a great many other tools,
clothes, ammunition, and whatever elfe I
thought moft neceflary for my future preferva-
tion and fubfiftence. Then 1 made hafte to
fhore, fearing the wild beafts might come and
devour what [ had already landed.

When I had landed all the fecond cargo, I
fell immediately to work to make me a little
tent, and fortified it in the beft manner I could,
to fecure myfelf as much as pofitble againit any
fudden attempt either from man or beaft. Af-
ter this, I charged my fire arms, blocked up the
doors, and laid the bed I had brought from the
ship upon the ground, and flept as comfortably
as though I had been in my native country.

®

But {till the thoughts of my future fubfiftence -

and prefervation were uppermoft in my mind ;
and therefore I went tothe fhip as often as po!
fible, and brought away every thing I thought
could be of any ufe ; and indeed had fo ftored
myfelf, that I judged I was tolerably provided
for for a confiderable time,

p i
28 OB OG BU MS ON

I had now been eleven days in the ifland, an
as many times on board the fhip ; as I was go-
ing the twelfth time, the wind began te rife ;
however, I ventured at low water, and with
fome difficulty reached the fhip, and rummag-
ing the cabins I found feveral other neceflaries,
and among other things above g6l. fterling in.
pieces of e ght ; which, confidering my prefent
circumftances, I concluded was of {mall value
to me ; however, I wrapped it up in a canvas
rag; and perceiving the {torm began to increafe, -
with all that I was able to carry with me I
made the be{t of my way to the fhore.

That aight I flept very contentedly in my lit-
tle fortificatien ; but when I looked out in the
morning, I found that the fhip waslof. Iwas
very much concerned at this circumitance 3
but when I refleéted I had done every thing in
my power to recover what was ufeful to me, E
comforted myfelf in the beft manner I could,
and fubmitted myfelf entirely to the will of
Providence,

And now my thoughts were wholly taken up
how tojdefend and preferve myfelf from the —
favages and wild beafts, which I was extreme-
ly apprehenfive might be in fome part or other
of this ifland; and at one time I thought to
dig me a cave, at another to build mea tent ;
at length 1 refolved todo both, and accordingly
contrived in the following manner.

I eonfidered the ground where I was, was
moorifh, and that I had no conveniences for
frefh water ; and therefore I determined to find
a place more healthfuland convenient ; and, to
my great comfort and fatisfa€tion, I foon found
one that anfwered my expe@ation,

The


7h ow ek et ee

we

ene Em we 7 A

mw @

See FN SP ee ee aes



GRO ASAD 4B, 2g

The place was a little plain near a rifing hill ;
the front being as fleep as the fide of a houfe.
On the fide of this rock was a little hollow
piece, refembling the entrance of a cave; juit
before this place I refolved my tent fhould
fRland, This plain was a hundred yards broad,
and twiee as long, with a pleafant defcent ev-
ery way to the feafide. After this I drew-a
femicircle, containing about ten yards in the di-
ameter ; and when that was done I dreve a
row of ftakes not above fix inches from each
other ; and by the help of my cables which I
had biought from the fhip, and fuch other ma=
terials as | made ufe of, | made a fort of regu-
lar fortificatioa, which I concluded: was in a
great meafure impregnable againft any fudden
attempts either of favages or wild beafts ; and,
for my better fecurity, 1 would have no doors,
but came in by the help of a ladder, which 3
made for that purpofe.

Into this little garrifon I carried all my fore
and ammunition, and afterwards continued to
work. I not only made mea little cellar, but
likewife made my. fortification fironger by the
earth and ftones I dug cut of the rock. One
day a fhower of rain falling, attended with
thunder and lightning, I was under terrible ap-
prehenfions left my powder fhould take fire,
and not only hinder me from kiiling fowls,
which were neceflary for my fubfiftence, but
likewife blow me up and my garaifon at once ;
the quantity I had by me confifted of 1501b.

weight at leaft. Having thus eftablifhed my-
felf asa king of the ifland, I went every day
with my gun to fee what I could kill that was
iit to eat, and foon perceived there were great
aa C2 Sele numbers

Â¥





30 ROBIN SON

numbers of goats, but they were fhy ; however
watching them very narrowly, I happened to
fhoot a fhe goat as fhe was fuckling her youn
one 3; which, not thinking her dam killed, fol-
_ lowed me home to my enclofure. I lifted the
kid over the pales, and would willingly have
kept it alive, but the poor creature refufing to
eat, I was forced to kill it for my fubfiftence,

Thus, entering into as odd a {tate of life as
ever befel an unfortunate man, I was continu~
ally reflecting upon the mifery of my condition ;
till at length confidering there was no remedy, |
and that 1 was obliged to make the beft of a
bad market, and withal refle@ting upon the
many turns of Providence in my particular pref-
ervation, I grew more fedate and temperate.

It was, by the account | kept, the goth of
September when I firft landed on this ifland,
‘About twelve days after, fearing I fhould_ lofe
my teckoning of time, nay even forget the Sab-
bath, for want of pea, ink and paper, I carved
it with a knife upon a large poft, in large let-
ters, fetting it up in the fimilitude of a crofs on
the fhoze where I landed, viz, “1 cameto fhore,
September 30, 1650.” Every day Icuta netch —
on the fides of this {quare poft, and that for the
Sabbath was as long again as the reft, and ev-
ery firft day of the month | kept my calendar,
in weekly, monthly and yearly reckoning of
time. But had | made more ftri& fearch (as I
afterwards did) I need not have fet up this
mark ; for I found among the parcels belong-
ing to the gunner, carpenter, and captain’s mate,
thofe very things I wanted, where I got not
only pens and ink, but likewife fea compafles,
and other mathematicalinftruments ; and, st q

a
’ Oe. Lah eo se » wm & 4a ©

ee a Reg

eed aa,



De ie ee i ak ee geal See Bs
- a is *

CAR LUHS \ OG. 32

all the reft, three Englifh Bibles, with feveral
other good Engtifh books, which I carefully
Jaid up, in order to make ufe of them at proper
intervals. But here I cannot but call to mind
our having a dog and two cats on board, whom
J] made inhabitants with me in my caftle. But,
notwithitanding I was thus plentifully fupplied,
] {till wanted feveral other neceflaries, as
needies and thread, and more particularly a

ickaxe and fhovel for removing the earth, &c,

It was a full year before | had Snifhed my
little fortification: And after 1 had done that -
in the beft manner the nature of the place and
my circumftances would allow, I began to grow
g little more familiar with my folitude, and to
confider of the best methods poffible to render
my defolate ftate as ealy as could. And here
it was 1 began the following journal,

922 LS RE

TO. 0 RN AL

EPTEMBER go, 1650, 1 was forced by
fhipwreck upon this defolate ifland, which

l called the Ifland of Defpair. The next day
I {pent in refle€ting on the miferablenefs of my
condition, which prefented to me nothing but
death, and the wortt of deaths too, viz. either
to be ftarved for want of viftuals, or to be de~

youred by wild beafts,
a ee O&obsz
ji

de BO Br nes own SN






















Oftober 1. To my great comfort I difcoy
ered the fhip driven to the fhore, from whene
I had fome bopes that when the fiorm wasa
bated I might recover fomething towards °
prefent fubfiftence ; efpecially confidering
obferved the fhip to lie in a great meafure up
right, and ons fide of her perfeétly dry ; upor
which I fell immediately to wading over th
fands, and with great difficulty and danger:

ot on board. Tothe 14th of this month,
ee in making voyages backwards and fo
wards to and from the fhip, the weather bein)
all the while very wet and uncertain.

O&. 20. My raft with my goods was over
fet ; moft of which however i recovered @
low: water,

" O&<. 25. It blew a fort of 4 florm, and raig
ed hard, ‘fo that the fhip dafhed to pieces, ant
nothing of her wasto be feen but the ver
hhuil at low water; and this dav I. though
it proper to fecure the efieGts I had preferva@
from i _weather.

O&. 2 I wandered about to try if I couly
Snda olnes proper to fix my abode ; and @
cordingly towards the evening, 1 found out
rock, where I judged I] might ere& a wall az
fortify myfelf,

November 1, I placed my tent by the fid
of arock, and took up my lodging i in a han
mock, very contentedly, for that night.

Nov. 2. I made a fence about my tent
timber, cheits and boards, 1

Nov. g: I fhot two wild fowls, which pro
ed very good meat ; and the afierncon i mad
me @ fort of a table. j

: Nove
CR, DoS Oe 33




















Nov. 4. I began to live regularly. Inthe
norniag | walked cut for an hour or two, and
aah. fterwards worked till about two, then ate my
dinner of fuch provifions as Lhad. After din-
ner I commonly flept an hour or two; andthe
Myeather being extremely hot, I could not go
o work till towards the evening.

AG Nov. 5. Lwent out with my gun and the
TMiog I had brought out of the fhip. I fhot a

ild cat----but her flefh was good for noth-
ng—only I preferved her fkin. I faw a great
Bock of wild birds ; and was wonderfully ter-
ified at the fight of fome monftrous feals
hich I faw on the fand, but as they faw ms
hey madecff to fea.

Nov. 9. I finifhed my table. From the 7th
o the 12th, the weather being fair, 1 worked
ery hard: Qnly I refted upon the 11th—
hich according to my computation, I teok
o be Sunday.

Nov. 19. The weather was very wet and
@ormy, with thundey and lightning. On the
ie 4th, 1 made provifion to fecare my powder—
which I perfe€ted on the 14th andigth. The
7th, I began to dig upon the rock, but was
M@revented for want of proper implements +
And on the 48th I found a tree, the wood of
which was very hard—and out of that with the
preate{t difficulty I made me a fort of {fpade—
n doing it, 1 almoft f{poiled my axe, which
might have been of ill confequence.

Nov. 29., When I had got my tools into
the beft order I could, I fpent all my time to
he 10th of December in finifhing my cave 5
and lay in my tent every night, unlefs the
peather was fo wet that 1 could mot lie dry---
ee

them, j




















2 «6B ORIN S ON

and withal I had fo well thatched it over wit
dlags and the leaves of trees, &c. that I thougl
myfelf tolerably fecure.

Dec. 10. I bad no fooner finifhed my ha
3tation, but a great part of the roof fell in ul
on me, and it was a great mercy I had
perifhed in the ruins : And indeed it gave
4 great deal of trouble before I repaired it €
feftually—and after I had done what I coult
I fpent feveral days in putting my things 4
order—and had variety of weather to the 27t

Dec. 27. In my rounds I chanced to me
Fome goats. I fhot one of them, and lam
another, which I led home, and bound up 1
feg—in a little time it grew well, and was 4
tame and familiar that it followed me eve
where like a dog, which put the notion ig
my head to bring up thefe wild creatures as a
ten as I could take them alive, that I mig]
have ftock to fubift uponin cafe I fhould |i
after my powder was exhautted. i

Dec. 28, 29, 30. The weather was fo ve
hot, that I was forced to keep within a
shelter. : 4

January 1. Though the weather continue
very fultry, yet neceflity compelled me to
abroad with my gun. In the valleys I fo
great numbers of goais ; but they were fo ve
fhy, I could by no means come at one



From Jan. 3, to the 1gth, my bufinefs
to fearch the ifland, and to finifh my wall.
my fearch I found great sumbers of fow
much like our Englifh pigeons. I fhet for
of them, which proved excellent feod. 7

, no
CR US O £; 35


















sow it was a providential thing happened——
which was this ;
@ Whilit I was rummaging my moveables, whar
Bhhould fall into my hands but a bag, which I
uppofe might be. made ufe of to hold corn for
he fowls in the fhip. 1 purpofed té make ule
of it to hold fome of the powder, and fo fhook
Mut the duft and loofe corn upon one fide of
he rock, not in the leaf fufpeéting the confe-
muence. Lhe rain had fallen in great quanti-
ics a few days before: And the month after,
o my great furprife, I difcovered fomething
S@pring up very green and flourifhing ; and as I
Same daily to. view it, I faw feveral ears of
reen barley of the very fame fize and thape
bf thofe in England: i
My thoughts were very much confufed at
his unexpected fight : And I muftown I had
e vanity to imagine that Providence had or-
‘Gmiercd this on purpofe for my fubfiflence:
reat were my acknowledgments and thank-
lulnefs to almighty God, for his mercies to me
this defolate place ; which wete infinitely
eightened, when, at the fame time, I obferv.
id fome rice ftalks, wonderfully green and
i@Mourifhing ; which made me conclude here
uft confequently be more corn in the ifland ;
daccordingly I {pent feveral days in fearching
Slr it ; when at length it cdme into my mind
pat 1 had fhaken the bag on the very {pot
phere thofe blades of corn were growing. . :
It was about the latter end of June before
Abele ears of corn grew ripe; and then J laid
wapem up exceeding carefully, expecting I fhould
fine day reap the advantage of this little crop-—
hich L ufed all my imduftry to improve ; and
yet
—























6 ROBINS ON

yet it was four years before I could eat any bag
ley bread, and much longer before 1 had am
benefit from myrice. After this, with indefat
igable care and induftry, 1 finifhed my. wall
ordering it fo that I had ne way to go into m
fortrefs but by a ladder.
April 16. 1 finifhed my ladder, and wer
up it, and pulled it after me, as I always did
and, in truth had fo well fortified mylelf, th
I was asl thought, indifferently well fecure
‘againft any furprife ; neverthelefs as 1 was on
day fitting in my cave, there happened fuc
a fudden earthquake, that the roof of my litt
fortrefs, that I had finished with fo much labot
came tumbling down upon my head ; ufo
which, with the greate amazement, Tran t
my ladder, and got out of my cave, and fa
ihe top of a vat rock fall into the fea, an
expected every moment the whole ifland woul
be fwallowed up.

In this affright I remained for fome momen
aill 1 perceived the fury of the motion began
abate ; but it wag not long before I was und
new apprehenfions, on account ofa violent ter
peft that attended jt, This dreadful form co
tinued for about three hours, and thea follows
fuch a heavy rain, that my tent was quite ove
flowed ; upon which I concluded my habitati
awas ill fituated, and determined, as foon as ne
fible, to build me one in a more conyenl

lace.

April 29,30, were fpent in contriving ho
and in what manner, I fhould fix my new aba
and here 1 was under the greateft conce
‘having no tools fitting forfuch an undertaki

rm = however,


GAC AD 37

i

however, I fpent feveral days in whetting and
grin dee my tocls,

May 1. As I ‘was walking along the fea
fide, 1 found a barrel of gun powder and di-
vers other pieces of the thiv, whica the vio-
jJence of the late form had thrown on the
fand. I faw likewife the remaining part of
the fhip, thrown'by the tempeft,; very near
the fhore, and refolved to get to her as fcon as
I could ; but at that time L found it imprac-
ticable.

I continued to work upon the wreck till the

gath, and evary ‘day recovered feee thie that
would be of ufeto me, and got together fo ma«

ny planks, and fo Satie iron, léad and other
neceflaries , that, if | bad had tools and fh.il, I
might have built me a boat ; which was a
thing I very much wanted,

June 16, As J was itrolling towards the fea,
found a large turtle: Theizth 1 ipent im
cooking it: I foundin her 7o eggs, and the
ficth the mof delicious meat that ever I tafted.
Thez&th, I ftayed within the whole day, there
“being a caudal rain, with fiorms of wind
and lightning, ‘

From the 1gtht9 the a7th of June, I was
-very fick, and had gota terrible ague, which
often held me fur nine orten hours with ex.
treme viovence. On tne i8th, ‘I began to re-
cover a little, but’ was very —- in the
night, and was worfe; as often as | laid my
eyes together, | was tormented with! hideous
dreams and dreadful apraritions. Itis impof-
fible for me to exprefs the ezonies 1 was under
by thele repeated admonitions, as 1 took them
to be, My father’s advice and reproof came
B ‘ into
gs ROBINSON





















into my mind, whether I would or not, a
Shocked me exceedingly, and would often
make me refle@ that the juftice of God follow-
ed me, and that fevere punifhment was juft
ly owing to my difobedience and wicked life.

June 28. I flept pretty well moft part o
the night, which refrefhed me very much :
In the morning I ate a bifevit and drank fome
water mixed with rum; I boiled. a piece of
goat’s fléth for my dinner, but ate very little,
and at night J fupped upon three of my tur
tle’s eggs; after fupper I attempted to walk
out with my gun, but found myfelf too weak
and fo returned to my habitation.

Here confcience flew in my face, reprehend
ing me as a blafphemer and a reprobate 3
for faying in my agonies, “ What have
done to be diftinguifhed in all this fcene of
mifery.”—Methought I heard a voice anfwer-
ing me, “ Ungrateful wretch ! Dare you afk
what you have done ? Look upon your paf
Bife, and then afk thyfelf, why thou waft no
drowned in Yarmouth road, or killed by th
Sailee Rovers ? Why not devoured by wile
beafts in the defarts of Africa, or drowned
dere with the reft of thy companions ?”

Struck dumb by thefe fevere reflections, and,
fearing the return of my ague, I began a
Tength to confider what was moft proper to b
done, to free myfelf from this diftemper ; and,
having heard that the Brazilians ufe tobacco
for moft of their difeafes, I refolved to try thi
experiment, A

I tried feveral ways with the tobacco: Fir!
*Â¥ took a leaf and chewed it, which made m
_ very ick, and almoft ftupified me ; then I eg

f e


CO Ry Dy Ss OL ES | 39.

ed it in rum, refolving to take a good dofe of
it when I went to bed, and then 1 put fome
into a pan and burntit, holding my nofe over
the {moke as long as | could endureit without
fuffocating. After thefe feveral operations I
fell into a fweat and flept quietly aad well for
thirteen or fourteen hours ; and when I got
upinthe morming I found my fpirits revived;
my ftomach much better, and I grew exceed-
ingly hungry, which I had not keen for fome
time paft: In fhort, I miffed my fit the next
day, and found that I every day grew ftronger
and better, ;

The goth I ventured out with my gun, and
killed a fowl not much unlike a brandgoofe,
but did not eat of the flefh, choofing rather to
dine upon two or three more of my turtle’s
eggse In the evening I renewed my medi-
cine : Notwithftanding which, | had a little
{pice of my fit the next day ; and therefore, on
the ed of July, I took my medicine as I did at
firft; and on the 14th, which was the day I
expected the return of my fit, the ague left
me, which was no {mall joy to me; and inde
the goodnefs of Gad on this occafion, affe&
me fo feniibly that I fell on my knees and re-
turned thanksina moft devout and folemnman-
ner.

July 4. I walked out with my gun: But my
diftemper having reduced me very low, I could
go but a little way at a time ; for, the experi-
ment having weakened me exceedingly, I was a-
ble to walk but a very fhort way at once. £
had now been on the ifland about ten months-—
and all the while had not feen either man or
woman,



















de R- Oy BY LE NYSE OLN



woman. And fo, growing better, I begah tel
thnk myfelf fole monarch of the ifle ; and,
grow ng indifferently well, I refolved, to take
@ tour aoout the »flé, in order to. view the ex=
tent of my domimons, and to make what dife
coveries | could.

Onthe 15th I began my journey 3 and a.
mong. other things, 1 found a litle brook Gf
running wat¢r; on the banks of which were
many meadqws covered with grafs: 1 faw
feveral faiks of tobacco, ard other plants
knew nothing of 3 among the reft 1 found fome
fugar canes, feveral plants of aloe wands, &e
Wath thefe difcoveries I returned weli fa!i &cd
to my little cafile, and flept that night Very
comfortably. ;

The next, day, »going the fame way, ahd far-
ther than before, | found the country fall of
wood, and exceedingly pleafant and delightful.
The melons lay upenthe ground in great quan
tities, and clufters of grapes hang uponthe trees
You may imagine I was glac of this difcoverys
yet ate very fparingly, left I fhould throw my:
felf inte a flux or fever.

The night coming on, I climbed up inte 4
tree, and having fixed myfelf as fecurely a
pofible, flept very comfortably, though it waa
ibe firfitime 1 had ever lain out of my habita
tion, - When the morning came}: 1 proceeded
with the greateft pleefure about four miles fart
ther; and atthe end of a valley, I found
{pring of excellent water; and now I refolvee
to lay in as much of the fruit as poffible.

"July 18. Having prepared two bags, I re

turned thither agaim, in order to bring hom
r to


¢

SR soe ir

to my caftle as much of the feveral forts of
fruits as I could, that I might havea fteck by
me againit I fhould want it. And now I be-
an to refle& that this part of the ifland was
infinitely the beft to inhabit in; but then I
thought at the fame time, that if I removed
from my prefent place of abode I fhould lofe
the profpett of the fea ; and fo, if Providence
fhould order a fhip on that coaft, I fhould lefe
all poflibility of deliverance. However, the
lace was fo delightful, I refolved to build me
a kind of bower, which took me up the re-
mainder of fuly. :

Here it was that I dried my grapes, which
J 2 erwards carried to my old habitation, for
a winter fupply. On the,14th of Auguft
the rain began to fall with great violence,
which meade me judge it was proper to re.
tires to my caftle for fhelter. The rain coen-
tinued to fall, more or iefs, till the middle cf
Ofober, and fometimes with that violence,
that for feveral days 1 could not ftir out of
my cave, till 1 was conftrained to it by the
pure want of food. I went out twice; the
firft time I fhot a goat, and the fecond time
I found another turtle, as large as the form-
er.

September go. Caititg up the notches
on the poft which amounted to 965, I con-
cluded this to be the anniverfary of my land-
ing. And, after I had returned thanks for
my wonderful ‘prefervation in this defolate
ifland I went to bed and flept very comforta-
ably. ;

Before I proceed farther in my Journal, I
mutt take the Uberty to put the reader im
2 mind

2




ie = R Oe BLT, WS, OF 'N













mind of the barley and rice: I had faved a
bout thirty fkaiks of the former and twenty
of the lattet ; and cone nine the feafon t
be OPED rE dug up fome ground with voy
wooden fpade, and ee hes sy weich at. thi

ations,

The wet weather was no fooner gone, b
my inclination led me again to the bower q
had built en the other fide of the ifland
which I fownd whole and entire as I had Iecf
it, and the fiakes all growing much after thi
mature of our willows, which in time ma
mea noble fence, as.) fhall have occafion t
obferve more particularly hereafter.

And now [ conceived that the feafons o
the year might bé divided into wet and dr
and not into Summer and Wintez, as ia Eu
rope; as thus:

February

Half 2 March wet, the Sun coming nea
t Aoril the Equinox,
April
‘ May
Half. June dry, the Sun getting fonth
July of the line,
Auguft
peer
Half- Sept. wet, the Sun being com
O€tober back. Z
O€ober
veo tae g :
Hal {4 December [dry, the Sua running fouth
a anuary 1 of the line, j
say

And as the a cont tinned to blow, th
y wet

os


€°Ree Ss Ook. 43

wet fesfons would continue either longer or
fhorter. After | had made thefe and the like
obfervations, 1 always took care to provide
neceflaries, that | might flay within during the
wetoels of the weather, and in that time I
took care to make me fuch tools as 1 moft
wanted.

The firft thing I] attempted was to make
me a Dafket, which afer much labour and
dificulty, TL effeGed ;- bat. the two things
molt wanted were utterly cout of my power,
viz. fome cafks to hold my liquors, and {mall
pots to bo:iland flew my meat, and alio a to-
baceo pipe, for which 1 at laf found cut a
remocag

i fter the igedevet grew fair my farther refo-
lution of viewing the whole ifland took 7 place ;
accordingly, taking my dog and my gun, and
other neceflaries proper, I fet forward 3 and
‘having petled the vale where my bower food,
Tcame within fight of the fea ly ying to the Ww.
and when it was clear day, I ccula diicover
jand, but could not tell whether it was an i-
fland or a continent ; neither could I te what
place this might bee only | thought it was in
America, and eonfequently that part of the
country that lies between the Spanifh territo-
ries and the Brazils, which abound wit can-
nibals, “whe devour human kind. In Viewing
this part of the ifland, 1 found it was much
more pleafant and frnithal than where I had
pitched my tent. Here were great numbers of
parrots, and with great difficulty I got one of
them which | carried home with me, but it was
a great while before 1 could tame it and bring
it to fpeak, even fo much as to call me by i
n
a4 ROBINSOWN






In the low grounds I found great numbe:
of goats, foxes, hares, and abundance of fowls
different kinds, with great quantities of grap
and other excellent fruits: In this expediti
I did not travel above two miles a day, bei
defirous to make what difcoveries I coulc
‘When I came to the fea fhore, 1 was amaz
to fee it exceedingly beautiful, and fo full o
excellent fifh. But though this journey was fi
delightful to me yet my fecret iaclination le
me to my old habitation ; fo, after I had fet u
a fort of land mark for my guide for the futur
I concluded to return back by a different wa













fees

Sy)
Ee

Ye eee


EQRE OWS \ OSE; 45
than I came; and as] was making the beft of
my way, my dog happened to furprife a kid,
which I refcued from him, and led it to my bow-
er, in order to try if I could raifea breed which
would be of great ufe to ms.

After I had been about a month upon this ex-
edition I returned to my little cafile, and re-
ofed myfelf with great pleafure in my ham-
mock. and continued a weck within to reft and
yefreth myfelf. 9

And now I began to think of the kid I had~
left in the bower, and refolved immediately
to fetch it home. When I arrived there I
found italmof flarved ; when feeding it with
branches of fuch fhrubs asI could find, tne poor
creature in gratitude for its deliverance, follow-
ed meas naturally as my dog. quitehome to my
caftie, which | afterwards kept as one of my
domeft'cks.

The wet feafon being come, I kept myfelf
within; and on the goth of September, being
the third year cf my abode in this ifland, I paid
my folemn acknowledgments to Almighty
God for-my prefervation, and entertained my-
felf with a world of reflc@ions upon my prefent
and former conditions; and as 1 was.one morn-
ing fadly pondering upon my prefent flate, I
happened to open my bible, when I fixed my
eyes on thefe words, J wel! never leave thee, nor
forfake thee; which J prefently tock as dire&ted
to myfelf; and 1 muft own, the exprefiion gave
me a great deal of fecret fatisfaGion.

The beginning of this year Ifixed my daily
employments as follow: The morning I fpent
in my devotions, and paying my duty to God;
2 after


46° R O B I.N/S*O0-N


















after I had done that, I went out with my gun
to feck proyifion; which, after I had got i
took me up fome time in dreffing and cooking
in the middle of the day I was forced to lie bj
by reafon of the exceffive heat ; and the reft q
the time I {pent making and contriving fud
neceflaries as I ftood moft in need of.
But now the time for my Jittle harveft con
ing on, I had the defirable profpe@ of agoc
crop, but my hopes were fadly difappointe¢
‘by the goats and hares; who having tafted th
{weetnels of my corn, had cropped it fo clofe
that it had no ftrength to fhoot up into a ftalk
To prevent this I was forced to make a hedg
round it; but I had no fooner done this, than
was infefted with vermin of another fort; m
back was no fooner turned but whole flocks @
birds came and deftroyed what the others ha
left ; Ilet fly at thefe, and killed three of them
which I hung upon ftakes as a terror to th
reft; which project had fo good an effe&, thz
they not only forfook the corn, but that part o
the ifland for ever after. ;
My corn growing ripe and harveft coming on,

I cut it down ahd carried home the cars: And
after I had rubbed them, and threfhed them i
the beft manner I could, as near as I could con
jefture, the produce of the barley was abou
two bufhels and a half, and that of the rice a
bout the fame quantity ; and now I plainly fa
by the providence of God, I fhould be {uppli
ed with corn, though at the fame time I wantet
all manner of neceflaries for making it int
bread, which with the greateft labour and dif
ficulty I afterwards fupplied, a
My |
oRU Ss O &£. 47



My feed being thus increafed, my next care
uiwas to prepare more land to fow it in; and ac-
@ cordingly I xed upon two large plats on the
back fide of my caftle, in which I fowed my
feed, and fenced it with a good hedge, to de-
Wiiend it from the vermin.

§§ In fhort, my corn increafed to that degree,
Bithat J thought I might now venture to eat {ome
aM of it ; but how to make it into bread was ftill the
difficulty ; and yet even this I found the means
wato {urmount at laft; and fo, as in all other e-
ya mergencies, I found a remedy beyond my expec-
tation. i \

After I had procured every thing needful
for making my bread, which you may imagine
was no {mall fatisfaétion, the profpe& of land
which I had feen from the other fide of the
jfland ran ftillin my mind; but how I fhould
come at it 1 was utterly ata lofs to know; I
tried to recover the fhip’s boat, and then to
make me a canoe but all in vain; and here. £
could not forbear refle&ing upon the folly of
thofe who undertake matters that they are not’
able to go through with.

I was in the midft of my proje&s, when my
fourth year expired fince I had been caft on
this ifland ; nor did I forget to keep my anni-
verfary with that folemnity and devotion that
I had done the year before; I began to think
myfelf feparated from the world, and from all
a cpportunities of friendly converfation. I had
iq nothing to covet, being, as it were, an emperer
or king of a whole country, where I had no-
og body to control me, nor any body to govern
pag but myfelf, ; ;
Thefe




























6 R&B W 8 -O NW

Thefe thoughts made me look upon the thi
of this world with a fort of religicus conten
and rendering me ealy in my defoiate and m
ancholy condition; for, having made Ga
mercies to me matters of the highelt confa
tion, I relinquifhed all penfive thoughts a
-difmal apprebenfions, and refigned myfelf
entirely to God’s providence, ‘

My ink was quite gone, and my bifcuit
-moit exhaufted; my linen was worn out, oO
fome of the failors’ checked fhirts remau
which were of mighty ufe to me in hot wea
er. My clothes and hat were quite: worn,
thofe I fupplied by the help of my goat ik:
of which | firft made me a fort of a cap, 4
‘then a waiftcoat, aad open kneed breeches w

-the hair on the outfide; and thus being perf
ly at eafe in my mind, I {pent my time in ef
templating the bisflings of heaven, and
ravifhed to think that one time or othe
Should be delivered from my prefent mis
tuses, and placed out of the reach of t
forever. 4

For five years after this nothing worth mi
tioning happened, only at {pare times I had |
ifhed a {mail cance, with which, at all bazar
I refolved to try to difcover the circumfere|
of my dominions; aud in order to it, 1
provifions on board, with ammunition, and
other neceflaries fit for the expedition.

It was the 16th of November, in the
year of my reign, thet I began this voyé
which was much longer than I expeéted,
reafon I had many’ difficulties to encounte
did not fufpcé; and indeed the recks were
C-R.-U+ SeO0 ak, 4§
high, and ran fo far into the fea, that I often
refolved to turn back, rather than run the rifque
of being driven fo far out to the fea_as by no
means to be able to get back again.

Jn this confufion I came to an anchor as near
to the fhore as poffible, to which I waded, and
climbing up tothe top of a high hil, I viewed
the extent of my dominions, and at all hazards,
refolved to puriue my voyage. It is endlefs to
relate what danger my rafhnefs expofed me to;
J was driven by the current fo far into the fea,
{hat I had hardly any profpett of getting back
agzin; not by all T could do with my paddles,
“which | had made to fupply the place of {culls
‘to help xe; and now had no profpeét but per—
jfhing at fea when my provifions were {pent,
or, if a-ftorm fhould arife, before. However,
‘by the lucky chance of the wind, or rather by
‘the particular providence of God, I was driven
back again to the ifland, and to my unfpeaka-
ble joy, I came on fhore; where, being exceed-
ingly fatigued with watching and hard labour,
J laid me down and took a little repoie. Af-
ter | awoke, and had dreiled my(eif as ufual, I
laid up my boat ina fimall convenient creek fit
‘for my purpofe, and taking my gun, &c.1 made
the bef of my way to my bower, where I again
Jaid me down to refi; but it was not long be-
fore I was furprifed with a voice, which called,
Robin Crufoe, poor Robin Crufoe ! Where have
‘you been poor Robin Crujoe ?

Upon”












Wpon which I ftarted up in great confufior
and cafting my eyes round, I faw my parre
fitting upon the hedge ; and then I knew
was fhe that called me, but was frangely fu
prifed how the creature came there, and w
it fhould fix upon that place above the re
The bird came to me as foon as I called
and perched upon my finger, as ufual, ar
feemed to fignify a great deal.of joy for 2
return,

This voyage had cured me of a great de
of my rambling inclination ; infomuch th
I began to lay afide all hopes of deliverance
fo I led a retired life, and in a very contents
manner paffed away near twelve months, {p:
ing my time in making inftruments and doin
fuch things as were moft abfolutely neceffa:
both for my prefent and future fubfiftence.

My next confideration was, . my powde
growing fhort, what I fhould do to kill th
goats and fowls to live upon: I had abun
dance of contrivances in my head to try
catch the goats alive, particularly the the g03
with young and at length I had my defire ; fa
making pitfalls, and baiting them with fomee

mv
8 he BOR ee OM Be gi






my corn, one morning I found in one of them
gn old he goat, and in the other three young
nes, one male and two females.

The old one was too ftrong for me, and I

ould not tell how to mafter him = But the
kids I made fhift to get to my habitation. It
was fome time before I could make them feed,
put after they had for fome time been without
food, and I threw them fome frefh corn, and
gave them fome water, their ftomachs came to
them. And now my next care was to find
them pafiure, and fecure them fo that they
might not run away, all which I at laft effeéted 5
and withal, by my well ufing thefe poor crea-
tures, 1 had made them fo tame and familiar,
that they would follow me and eat corn out of
my hand. Thus having aniwered my ends, I
think, in about eighteen months time, I gota
flock of about twelve; and in lefs than two
years forty three; and now I was not only
provided with goat’s flefh, but with milk alfo,
which was another bieffing I had little reafon
to expeét,

Being thus happy, and having almoft forgot
all hopes of liberty, I lived as well as the na-
wre of my condition could poffibly allow ; and
indeed, it was a very diverting fight te fee me
fitin {tate at my dinner, all alone by myfelf,
like a king; and it would: have been a very
pleafant obje& to have feen me in my goat fkin
drefs, and other fuitable habiliments.

My chief concern now was about my boat;
which I was extremely unwilling to lofe, it
having coft me fo much hard labour: I went
by land to the place where I left it, but —e
there
52 Ri OB Iv SOLON





















there was no way to bring it off, without r #
ning the fame rifque I was fo lately expoled te
which 1 thought too dangerous for a fecont
experiment, and therefore [ refolved upon ;
nother expedient, which was to make anoth
canoe, and leave iton the other fideof thcifland
And here I think it may not be improp
to inform the reader that { had two plant
tions in theifland: The firft was my little fos
or caftle, where I had made feveral improv
ments ; and the fecond was my bower, or coun
try feat, where were my grapes. and the ¢
clofures for my goats, and feveral other con
niencies, that made it a very pleafant anc agres
able retitement. ;
To this place it was that I ufed to gocften®
view my goats. And now] fhal! relate a thin
that gave me the moft difquiet of any thin,
that | had met with fince my firit: coming int
the ifland, 4
lt may, well ke fuppofed.that, after I hi
been fo long in this defofate part of the «word
nothing could have been more amzzing thai
to have feen any human creature ; but one day
as I was going to my boat, as ufual, I perceives
on the fand, the print cf a man’s naked foot;
and had I feea an apparition, I could not hav
been more terrified. I lcoked round on a
fidesy but. could not hear or fee any thing; |
oblerved the tramplings, and was convinced
from all figns, that fome foot had been there
And in the deepeft confufion, I returned back
to my habitaticn. i
‘Phat night I mever clofed my, eyes, and wag
full of the moft difmal apprehénfions that
éver had in al! my life, Sometimes I had the
folly


OR Ui -0S ok: 53

folly to think it muft be the devil; at other
times I thought it rather fome favage, that the
current had driven in, and not liking the place,
was fecretly gone off to fea again. Happy
was 1, inmy thoughts that none of the favages
jnad feen me; and yet, at the fame time, I was
exceedingly terrified left they fhould have feen
my boat, and fo come in great numbers, and
find me out, and devour me, and all my little
ftock, that I had been fo long gathering. Thefe
thoughts affli&ted me extremely ; and yet, after
mature confideration, I conciuded it was my
beft way to throw myfelf upon the fovereign
Governor of the World, and to fubmit entirely
to his mercy and providence.

After a world of fears and apprehenfions,
for three nights and days, I ventured out of
my fortrefs; I milked my goats, and after I
had put every thing in order, not. without the
greateft confternation, I went again to the
fhore to make my farther obfervations; and
upon the whole, concluded, that either the
jfland was inhabited, or that fome perfon had
been on fhore, and that I might be furprifed
before I was aware.

This put feveral frightful notions into my
head, infomuch that fleep was an entire ftran-
ger to me, my whole thoughts being taken up on
nothing but my prefervation, I put my caftle
into the beft pofture of defence I was able,
and placed all my guns fo that they might be
ferviceable if I fhould have occafion to make
ule ofthem. After this 1 went armed with
my two guns,

I
ES






gl . Cll a Wed sb t,t ee, Pl



i divided my goats into feveral parcels ;_
ten fhe goats and two he ones I put into one.
part of the ifland, and the other ten, with two_
he ones, in another; and whilft f was in fearch
of the latter, which was on the Weftern part.
of the ifland, 1 thought [ difcovered a boat, |
but at too great a diftance to make oat what.
fhe was. Being come to the {hore, upon the
S. W. part of the ifland, Iwas convinced that
they were favages, feeing the plaée coveted.
over with the fkulls and mangled limbs of ku-
man bodies. 1 obferved likewife a fort of a)
circle, mm the midit of which I perceived there _
had been a fire: about this I conje@ured thefe _
wretches fat, and unnaturally facrificed and 4
devoured their follow creatures,

; The >

a ee oe ae
5
z

a a ae

Yet bab St Pee et me mk ME


COR Oo s Ore

' The horror and lothfomenels of this dreadful
gpeétacle confourded me jo, that, though I was
fatisied thefe favagées Hever came into the part
of the ifland where I was, yet fuch an abhor-
fence of them had feized me, that for iwo years
y confined myfelf in my cattle, my country
feat, and wy enclofures ; and thus my circum-
filances remained for feme time undifturbed,
But fill my grand intention remained, which
was to try if 1 could deftroy fome of thofe
favages, and fave a viétim that I might after-
wards make my fervant. :

Many were my projets and contrivances to
bring this about 3 at length I caméto this fee.
tied refolution, to lie privately in ambufh, in
fome convenient place, and let fly upon them
with my guns firft, and then with my piftols,
gné fword in hand ;\and fomuch did this pro-
polal pleale my fancy, that I fully refolved to
put it in ‘praClice the firft opportutity ; and
accordingly, I foon found a place convenient
for my puipofe; but at the fame time, I had
several checks of confcience, and reafoning with
myfelf, concerning the lawfulnefs and juftice
of the attempt ; and, after a long debate, I con-
cluded to lay afide the defign.

" Whilft Twas cutting down fome wood one
day; to make charcoal to drefs my meat and do
the family neceflaries, I perceived a very large
tavity; and goingstowards it, I could perceive
two large eyes faring upon me; upon which I
made hafte out, extremely terrified, not imagin-
ing what it could be that looked fo frightfally :
However, after I bad recovered from my fur-
prife, I went again into the cavity, refolving,
at all hazards, to fee what it was ; and whea £
came
3° ROBINSON





















came near enough to difcern it perfeftly, what
fhould it be, after all, bat a moaftrous he goa
lying on the ground, and gafping for life
through mere old age.
The creature was not able to fland, and {
IT let him lie undifturbed, and employed my.
felf in viewing the place, and making obferva
tions. At the farther fide of it 1 obferve
a fort of an entrance, but fo low, as to oblige
me to creep on my hands and knees to it :-
I had no candle, and the place was dark, ane
fo I fufpended my enterprife till the nex
day, when I returned with two large ones o
my own making. :
After I had paifed the ftrait paflages ]
found the roof rofe higher up; and fure
when I got farther in, ne mortal ever faw,
more beautiful fight ! The walls and the rog
reflected a thoufand lights from my two can
dies ; and indeed, it feemed to me the ma
delightful grotto I had ever heard of, Ik
fhort, I could find no fault but in the entrance
and which I thought would be very neceffar
for my defence and fecurity ; therefore I d
termined to make the place my principal mag
azine’; and accordingly, I carried thit
with the utmoft expedition, fome arms and am
munition, judging it impoffible for me tobe fur
prifed by the favages in that faftnefs. i
I think I was now in the 29d year of mi
reign, and tolerably eafy in my condition.
By this time my parrot had learned to tal
Englith very well, and many diverting houg
-we ufed to have together. My dog died of

old age ; and my cats increafed fo faft, thay
: im

a a a

ak wh me Meas Ge a... wee ce a eee ee

gat” (Ge cl Sl ce


7

oe eee ee ae By
I was often forced to deftroy fome of them,”
teft I fhould be overrun with their numbers,
J always kept two or three domeftick goats
about me, and had feveral fowls. that built
gnd bred about my caftle, fo as to make me
happy as I could with : But alas! what un-
forcfeen events deftroy the uncertain. enjoy-
ments of human happinefs !
It was now December, the time of my har-
veft, when, going out one morning early,
te e appeared to me from the fhore, about
two ice diftanée from me, a flaming light
from that part of the ifland where 1 kad be-
fore obferved fome favages had been on my
fide of the water. ;

Terrified with this unufual fpef&atle, and
being under difmal apprehenfioms that thefe
favages would find me out, and deftroy me, I
went direGily home to my cattle, and fhut my-
felt up as faft as I could, and put myfelf into
a polture of defence ; frid afterwards I got up
to the top of the rock, and viewing with my
profpeive glafs, 1 cor uld difeern no lefs than
nine naked favages fitting round a fire, and
eating (as I feppofed) human flefh, with their

‘gwo canoes hauled on fhore, waiting for the
tide to carry them back again.

Nothing can exprefs my deteftation of fo
horrid a fight ; 3 efpecially when I found they
were gone, and I had been at the place of fac-
rifice and faw the limbs and flefh of human
creatures lietorn and mangled upon the ground:
in fho ort, my indignation againft them rofe fo
high, that let the confequence be what it
would, I dels rmined to be revenged upon the

frit


58 RO-B IN S.O.N
















firft that fhould come thither, though I loft
my life in the attempt. +
I found afterwards that they did not come!
ever to this ifland very often ; and as near T
can remember it wasa year or more before P
faw any more of them. But before 1 proceed
farther, I have anothér account that will de-
ferve the reader’s attention. ,
_It-was the 16th of May, according to my
wooden calender, after a very terrible ftorm
when I was alarmed with the noife of a gum
as fired froma fhip in diftrefs ; upon which
I immediately took my glafs and went up to)
the top of the rock where I had not been @
moment but a fame of fire gave notice of an~
ether gun; and then I was confirmed in my)
opinion, that it could be nothing lefs than a
fhip in diftrefs ; which, with my glafs 1 foon
difcovered to be true ; andthat the wreck was
upon thofe hidden rocks where I was in great
danger of being loft in my boat. 7
I made a fire upon the hill by way of fig-
nal and they faw it, and anfwered it with fev=
eral guns. The weather was very hazy, and
fo 1 could not, at that time, difcover cither at
what diftance the fhip lay, or what fhe was 1
but the weather clearing up, I faw a fhip cait

away fome diftance at fea. | ~
I had feveral notions concerning them, as
3s natural in fuch cafes; but confidering fe-
rioufly the place where they were, and all oth=
er circumftarices, I could not conceive an
pofibility but that they muft be all loft ; and
indeed, to the laft year of my being ‘in this
ifland, I never knew of any that were faved’
out of this fhip: lenly faw the body of &
: boy


C’R Oo 6p x 59

boy which was driven on fhore, but I could
not difcover by him of what nation they
were.

The fea was now very calm, which tempt-
ed me to venture to the wreck, not. only in
hopes to get foinething I wanted, but like-
wife, if there was any body left alive in the
Ship, to endeavour to fave their lives. This
refolution fo far prevailed, that I went home
immediately and got every thing ready for
the voyage ; and accordingly after a great
deal of labour, hazard and difficulty, I at
Jength got to the wreck which I beheld with
the greateft pity and concern. By her built I
found fhe was a Spaniard, and had endured a
terrible confliG before fhe was lof,

When I was come near to her, I faw a
dog on board, who no fooner faw me but he
fell to yelping and howling, and I no fooner
called to him, but the poor creature jumped
into the fea and fwam to me, and I took him,
into the boat almoft famifhed. When I came
into the fhip, the firft fight that I beheld was
two drewned men in the arms of each other :
I found the was a rich fhip, and as I had rea-
fon to believe, bound home from the Spanifh
Weftindies. What became of the reft of the
failors I could not tell, there being none of
their bodies on board, befides the two before+
mentioned,

As I was rummaging about her, I found fev-
eral things I wanted, viz. a fire fhovel and
tongs, two brafs kettles, a pot to make choco-
late, fome horns of fine glazed powder, a grid
iron, and feveral other neceflaries. Thefe I

put


to | Re OSB, LN Sal N



























put on board my boat, together withtwo chef
and a cafk of rum; and after a great deal of
toil and difficulty, I got fafe back to the iff
and. . 4
I repofed myfelf that night in the boat, ani
the next day landed my cargo, which I carried
to my gretto ; and having examined my ef
‘feGts, 1 found in the two chefts feveral thing
I wanted, particularly fome fhirts ‘and han
kerchiefs ; 1 found alfoihree bags of pieces @
eight ; all which I would willingly have giv
en for five or fix pairs of Englith fhoes az
ftockings. 4
After [had ftowed all this new cargo ‘a
to my cave, I made the beft of my way to m
eaftlé and found every thing as I left it, 7
that .I had nothing to do but to repofe myfe
and to take care of my domefties. And ne
wanting nothing that was requifite for q
-fupport of life, 1 might have lived very quié
had not the apprehenfion of the favages d
turbed me; upon which account I felde
“went far abroad, if 1 did, it was to the eatftel
part of the ifland, where I well knew th
never came: And for two years I lived”
“this anxious condition, my head being alw,
full of projeéts how I might getaway from th
defolate place.
“As I obferved before, though I was tole
“bly fecure againft the reach of want, and fi
all the diverfion the nature of the iflal
“would allow, yet the thoughts of my deliv
“ance were flill uppermoit, as the reader W
“eafily perceive by the following relation |
“which I fhall give a fhort account of ©

fchemes and projeéts I made for my efcapey
Cae eS 20: ris: Gt

AsI lay in my bed one night in March,
the 24th year of my folitude, Iran through
all. the accounts of my life, from my very firft
remembrance to the prefent time, and found
all along that the providence of God had been
exceedingly kind and merciful to me, and
when I confidered, more particularly how ma-
ny dangers I had paffed, it could not but make
me devoutly thankful to my great deliverer,
without whofe affiftance L muft inevitably
have perifhed. ; .

After Ibhad thus briefly debated with my-
felf on my prefent and former condition, I
began next to confider the nature of thefe fav-
ages, and the country that they inhabited, how
far it was to the place from whence they came,
and what boats they had to bring them over
hither, and at the fame time had fome notions
to go over to their fide, to fee what difcoveries
I could make. ;

I had notions, that, if by any method I
could get upon the continent, I might in time
meet with a fhipto carry me to Europe, for
here I looked upon myfelf to be the moft mif-
erable man living, and preferred even death it-
felf to my flay in this defolate ifland.- Whilf
my thoughts were thus confufed, 1 had no no-
tion of any thing elfe but my voyage to the
continent ; and indeed fo much was I inflam-
ed with thefe notions, that lin a great meaf-
ure forgot my duty to God and was reduced
almoft to a ftate of defperation ; and after
many thoughts and ftrugglings in my mind,
I came at length to this conclufion, viz. That
the only probable yay I had to efcape, was to

: get
























Ber REO BOT aN ON

get one of thefé favages ; which I could find
no other way to bring about, than by ventur
ing my life to fave him from the jaws of hi
devourers, which I thought muff inf{pire him
with gratitude to his preferver. E
Thefe were my fixed refolutions, but I think

it was at leaft a year and a half before I coul
find an opportunity of putting them in exec
tion. To the beft of my remembrance it wa
the 29d day of April, early in the morning}
when I was furprifed with the fight of five
canoes, allon fhore together, on my fide o
the ifland, and the creatures that belonged t
them all landed and out of fight. - 4
"At firft I thought all thefe boats muft bring
“t00 many to be attacked by one perfon, ang
was in a mighty confufion as to what was bef
to be done ; however, being impatient to fei
~ fomething of their managemeat, I took
guns, and went fecretly to the top of the hill
where by the help of my profpective glafs, |
obferved no lefs than thirty, fitting round:
fire and fealting upon what meat they hac
dreffed ; what it was I could not diftinguifh
Afterwards they all danced around the flames
ufing many frightful and barbarous geftures.
Whilf I was looking earneftly on the
wretches, I could difcern them dragging tw
miferable creatures out of one of their boats,
It was not long before I faw one of them
-knocked down, and three or four of them
fell to cutting and mangling his body, in or.
der to devour him as they had done the form
er. Whilft the other miferable creature {tood
expefting every moment the fate of his coms
3 panion ~
‘

O RE SO BR _ 63

anion, infpired with the hopes of life he
cave afudden ftart from them, and ran with
great {wiftnefs towards my caftle.







































































































I was. under great apprehenfions that he
would ffy to my grove for proteftion. I was
glad to fee he had the heels of them, and from
his fwiftnefs, concluded he would prefently lofe
fight of them, and fave his life. There was
a little creek juft before him, where I was a-
fraid the poor viétim would be taken if he
could not fwim; but it happened he fwam
very well and foon got over, and fan again
with his former ftrength and f{wiftnefs. Two

of the three that followed him, fwam over af-
ter



















6p) BO BRE Me. Oy

ter him, but the other, that could not {wim,
retutned back to his‘ companions. And now,)
or never, I thought it was my time to pro
cure a favage for my companion. Accord-
ingly, with all the fpeed I could, I came
down from the’rcck, took up my two guns,
‘refolving to fave the viétim if poffible ; and
in order to it, came a nearer way, and pu
myfelf between the purfuers and the purfued,)
beckoning to the latter to ftand ftill, who,
you muft imagine, was not a little furprifed
atme. The firft purfuer I knocked down
with the ftock of my piece, and the other,
who I perceived was preparing his bow and
arrow to fhoot me, I let fly at, and killed
him dead on the {pot.

The poor frighted Indian was amazed ta
fee the fire and hear the noife of the gun;
however, I made figns to him to come to me,
which at length he did, but not without a
great deal of fear and trembling, being afraid,
I believe, I fhould kill him too. I did all I
could to convince him of his miftake, and at
jength fo far convinced him, by the fgns I
made him, that he came to me, and threw
himfelf at my feet, and took one of my feet
and put it upon his head ; which was a tol
en, it feems, of his refolution to be my flav
forever ; upon which I took him up, made
much of him, and encouraged him in the bef
manner I could. ;

By
COR EOS LORE. * 65

oe S S NS



By this time I faw the favage I had knock-
ed down, began to recover, and was fitting
upright, which made my new flave as much
afraid as before, but 1 foon’ prevented his
fright by prefenting my piece at him; but my
favage oppofed my fhooting him, making a
fign to me to lend him my fword, which
hung by my fide, and no fooner had I granted
his requeit, but away he ran to his enemy and
very dexteroufly, at one blow, cut off his
head ; and as a token of triumph brought
it to me, together with my {word, and laid
it at my feet.

The greateft 2ftonifhment my new fervant
was in, was, how I killed the favage at that
diftance, “without a bow and arrow ; and to
fatisfy himfelf in that matter, he made figns
to me tolet him go and view him. And
having viewéd the wound the ballet had made
in his breaft, he took up his bow and ar-
rows, and came back ‘to «me again, making’
figns tome td give “himfTeave to bury him,

as FES Wor bie iy" eek which
as” R DEB TT Wes 80 ON
















which with my confent, he performed with
wonderful dexterity.
When I perceived he had done, 1 called
him away, and carried him, dire@ly to my
cave, where I gave him viuals, and the
pointed to him to lie down upon ome ftraw
and take a little reft. He was a very hands
forme well-proportioned fellow, and in all refs
pets the moft beautiful Todiag: lever faw. 4
Ithink he had not flept above an. hour,’
before he came out of the cave to me, as
was milking my goats, and again threw him-
felf at my feet, and put my other foot upom
his head, as a farther token that he intended:
to be my flave forever. ;
That night we ftayed. In the cave; but
early the next morning, 1 made figns to him
to rife and go with me; and, withal, made
him to underftand that his name was to be
Friday, it being on that day 1 faved his life,
and that I intended to give him fome clothes)
to hide his nakednefs. As we pafied by the
place where the favages, were buried, be
pointed dire&tly to the graves, and let me
know by his geftures that he intended tau
dig. them up and devour them, upon which)
I let him fee I was extremely difpleafed at it,
and made him come away, which he did with,
the greateft reverence.
In our way.to the cafiie, we went. to the
top of a hill to view if the favages were gone,
and finding they were, we refrefhed our}
felves for that night, and the néxt morning!
I refolved. to ,arm. myfelf, and take my. mai
with me, and go ta view the, place where!
they

haksd Shah Gee all Tene

emt eg deed ey, er

bog ed Ay bet

pm 7


CAR eS 0 GEO 67

they committed their barbarities. | When
‘we came upon the fpot, it is impoflible to
exprefs the herriblenefs of the fight! Here
Jay the fleth and entrails, and there the
mangled limbs of human creatures ; in thort,
jt filled me with the greateft horror and de-
teftation. - Friday gave me to underfland
that there were three there facrificed, and
sf 1 had not refoued him, he had been the
fourth. J made him gather up the frag-
ments and. lay them in a heap, and made a
fire upon them, and burnt them to afhes :—
And ftili I found my man had a hankering
after fome of the flefh, which I refented with
the utmoft abhorrence, and made him un-
derftand, that if ever 1 found him guilty of
any {uch inhumanity, I would certainly fhoo
him.

After this we wentto my caitle, where I
clothed my man as well as the nature of the
place and my circumftances would admit.
He feemed at firft a little uneafy and awk-
ward in his new drefs; but after he had worn —
them four or five days, he grew familiar with
them, and feemed extremely well fatisfied.
Now .my next, concern was, how | might
lodge him well, and yet be eafy myfclf ; and
in order to this, 1 ere&ed him a little tene
between ‘my two fortifications, fecured my
arms every night, and made every thing fo
fafe, that-it. was impoflible for me to be fur-
prifed ; though I mufi at the fame time own.
theret' was no. needs of thefe cautions; for
nevermani was. blefled_with a fervant that lov
ed: and-ebeyed him with greater tendernefs,
fidelity. and. affe&tion.; which, endeared. him.

ta,


68° RO BUNS (ON:




























tO me-extremely, and induced me to think
how I might belt acquit myfeif to him. 4
I had not been above two or three days im

: y : et
my caftle, when I firtt prepofed to bring him f

By BD a mt
off from his barbarous inclination to humangi§,,
flefh ; inorder to which I ufed feveral ing ,,
ticements ; till the poor creature who hadi ..
the moft dutiful and tender regard to every Fe
thing | commanded him and indeed did noggl ¢,
want good fenfe, was perfe&lly weaned . from be

his vicious inclination, and bad as deep and

1 _ if
fixed an abhorrence of any fach barbarous he
proceedings as myfelf ; he fell upon his kneess@§ i;

and made all figns of his averfion he poflib



could, pronouncing many things I/aid noe ie
underfland; only in the main, 1 found thet
his only apprehenfions were from the fear E F
fhould fhoct him; for the thoughts of the@l 1
gun, and the manner of the execution it did, @f y,
were fillin his mind, and ke could by by
means be reconciled to it ; “he would nevergg ,,
fo much as touch it with his finger, for fevers },
al days, and I believe, if 1] had not prevent ,,
ed it, he would have paid it a fort of adoragl f,
zion : He would go, as often as my back. was
burned, and talk tot in his own'dialet ; tha |
intent of which was, to defire it not to kill] j.
him. : ie: ej
Thad killed a kid, which we brought ‘homeg@}
and the next day I gave ‘him “fome of them ;
defh: both boiled and roaftéd, ‘with which Hag] ,
syas fo much delighted, that he gave me figa t
(which 1° perfe@ly underftood) that whillt! "

lived he would never"more eat any “man’s
th oh any account: ‘And now I hink it high time to fet my fervant to works
efpecially ©



6 RUS 0 PE: 69

efpecially confidering I had now two mouths
to feed inftead of one. I found him extra-
ordinarily quick and handy in every thing I
fet him about, and he had the fenfe to make
me underftand that I had more labour in my
hands on his account than I had for myfelf,
and that he would {pare no pains nor dili-
gence in eny thing 1 fhould command or di-
rect ; and indeed,. the fellow’s honefty and
fmple integrity grew fo confpicuous, I really
began to love him entirely ; and for his part,
Jam well affured there was no love loft.
had a mind to know if he had any inclina-
tion to his own country ; and having taught
him as much Englifh as poffible, I afked him:
{everal queftions, which he aniwered very
pertinently ; particularly, I afked concerning
the nature and diftance of his conntry, and
their manner of fighting, &ec. The fellow
had a very good: natural genius, and weuld
often anfwer my queftions with very quick
and furprifing turns ; and when I {poke a-
pout religion, he heard me with the greateft
reverence and attention, and would often
furprife me with important and unexpected
ueftions; and in truth, I fpared no pains to
inftru@ him according to the beft of my
knowledge. I afked him who made him and
all the world? As foon as he underftood
me, he anfwered, Old Benamucke ; but all
that he could fay of him was, that he was
véry old, much older than the fea and land,
the moon and ftars, and that he lived a great
way beyond them all.
When I had inquired into the manner of
ferving their God, I proceeded, according to
the



















06, OR OP RAR ONS ON

the bef of my knowledge, to inftru& him ig
the principles of the Chriftian religion, and
laid before him feveral of the chief truths
upon which it was grounded ; to which he
gave the greateft attention, and would afk ved
ry pertinent queftions, by way of information:
In fhort, I foon perceived this poor creature
every day improved by my inftruétions; and
my endeavours to inftru@t him were a great
help to myfelf, and brought thofe things frefi
into my memory which the length of time had
almoft defaced: fo I had the greateft reafon tq
blefs providence for fending him to me in this
ftate of folitude. His company allayed the
thoughts of my mifery, and made my habita.
tion more comfortable than it had been ever
fince my firft coming tothe ifland. It brought
into my mind daily notions of heaven and heav-~
enly things,and filed me with a fecret joy that
Iwas brought into this place, which I once
thought the moft miferable part of the univerfe,
By this time Friday began to {peak tolerable
Enghth, though a little broken. We cons
verfed with great familiarity ; and I took @
particular pleafure to relate to him the
feveral accidents and adventures of my,
life. I fcon made him underftand that won
derful myftery, as he conceived it, of the gun~
powder and ball, and taught him to fhoot
which he foon learnt in the greateft perfec-
tien. I gave hima knife, which he was very
proud of; likewife a belt and a hatchet, which
he hung to his girdle, which with the re
of his accoutrements, made him look like
Don Quixote, when he went to engage the®
wind mills, After this 1 gave him a particus
lag
/

we ee

wart

en et ee ee

a7

— OK = ty t HO, oO

fe beet

pet beg

Oe he ge te me


Cen Ge ie, <3 aS

jar defcription of Europe, and Old England,
‘the place of my nativity ; above all the reft, I
alfo gave him an account of my being fhip-
wrecked, and carried him and fhewed him the
ruins of the fhip’s boat, which, though it was
almoft rotten and fallen to pieces, yet 1 could
erceive he took particular notice of ; which
made me afk-him the reafon why he pondered,
{o much, O mafter (faid he} me fee like beat come
to place at my nation. It prefently came into
my mind, that this muft be fome Europcan
poat that was forced in there by firefs of
weather, after the lofs of the fhip, which put
me upon inquiry, what fort of a boat it was,
and what came init? _ ; ‘
Friday replied, with great warmth and ar-
dour, 0 majter, we fave white mans from drown :
Upon which I afked him if there were any
white mans (as he called them) in the boat ?
Yes, yes (faid he) ‘the boat full, very full of wizie
mans: How many, Friday ? faid 1: Where-
upon he numbered his fingers, and counted
feventeen. Then I afked him, what became
of them all, and whether they hved or not.
He replied, yes mafter, they all live, they be hive.
*mong my nation. Upon which it came into
my thoughts, that thefe muft be the crew that
belonged to the fhip that was caft away upon
_ my ifland ; who, rather than be devoured in
the ocean, had committed themfelves.to prov-
idence, and were driven on fhore zmorg the
wild Indians. The notion I had of their cru-
elties made me afk Friday how it came to pafs
they did not kill and eat them. No, no, faid
Friday, they not hill ’em, they make brother with
"em : My nation, tother nation, no cat mans, but
a when.


G2 ORB el BNO WV



















when mans make war fight. As much as tof
that neither his nor any other nation even
their fellow creatures, but fuch as the law
arms allowed to be devoured, and they w,
only thofe whofe misfortune it was to be m
puifoners of war. j
Some time after this, upon a very clear d
“my man and I went upto the top ofa ¥v
high hill, on the ealt fide of the ifland, fi
whence I had once feen the continent in
merica ; I could not dire&tly tell what was

’ matter, for Friday fell to jumping and dang
as if he were mad; I afked him the reafai
his joy. Ojoy ! faidhe, glad ! there fee
country, there my nation, there lives white m
all gether. . Upon which 1 could not fh
thinking, but that, if he could by any me
get home, he would forget all I had done
him, and perhaps bring his countrymen 4
my ifland to deftroy me: But, tomy fham
{peak it, my jealoufy was very ill groune
for the poor fellow was of a quite diffé
difpofition, and as I found afterwards, wa
freely have loft his life, rather than have
me, or done me the leaft injury.
Soon after this, I afked him if he had
_adefire to go into his own country ? Yes,
he, me much O giad to be at my own nation
go if you go, me no gout you flay. I go, Fa
faid I, what fhall Ido there ? He anfwere
mafier, you do great deal much good, you te
all the wild mans to be good tame mans, youd
them fober, lame good life, tohnow God, and
God. Alas! poor Friday, faid I, that’s o
my power, neither will I venture. an
them
t

CiiRe GSO Es 93

them: No, you fhall go and leave me alone;
as 1 was before I faved your life.

Never was any creature more thunder
firuck than Friday was at thefe words, ef-
pecially when I told him he would be at Iib-
erty togo as {oon as the boat was ready to car-
ry him ; he put one of his hatchets into my
hand, faying, only hill Friday ; Friday care not
live long: But what muft I kill you for ? (faid
1) Ah f dear mafier, what made you Friday favé
from eat a me up, fo keep long Friday make Friday
“fove God, and not love Benamuckee, and now
Friday fend away, never fee Friday more! When
he fpoke this, the tears ran down fo plentifully
that I had much ado to refrain from weeping
myfelf ; I comforted him in the beft manner
I could; telling him, if he was willing to
flay with me, I would never part with him as,
Jong as I lived.

In fhort, the fellow’s honefty and fincere be+
haviour foon convinced me of the unreafona-
blenefs of my jealoufy, and he became more
dearto me thanever. Indeed, I thought that
if ever I could get to the continent, and join
thofe white men Friday had mentioned, it
might be the means to further my efcape; in
order to this, Friday and I went into the
woods to look out a large tree, to build a ca~
noe, which we effe@ted in about fix weeks, and
with much trouble and pains got her into the
water. I-was very well pleafed at the launche
ing this little mah of war of mine, which F77-
day managed with great dexterity, and affured
me it was in al points large enough to carry
us over, and if I thought proper, he was ready
to venture with me.



















74 R Oe By LO Ny 3 04 N

1 liked the fellow’s honeft propofal, but, ag
the fame time, I thought if I could procure a
matt and fail, it would be better ; which with
the greateft difficulty imaginable, in about
three months time, 1 made a fhift to patch tos
gether ; and after that, | had my man Friday
to inftrué in the art of navigation, which be=
fore he knew nothing of.

I was now entered in the twenty feventh’
year of my reign, or rather of my captivity,’
and kept the anniverfary of my landings with
greater folemnity than ever, having received
duch repeated figna!s of the divine favour,’
in my deliverance, prefervation and profper-
ity. d

I now wanted for nothing, end yet my)
saind was ftill intent upon my deliverance ;
and in truth, f hada ftrong imprefiion upon
me that I fhould not be another year in this!
ifland ; but I ftill continued my hufbandry,
and made the necelflary preparations for my
future fubfiftence. The rain feafon coming
on, we were forced to continue for the moft)
part within doors, having firft made all necef
fary preparation for the fecurity and fafety of
my new boat, till the months of November
and December, at which time I fully determin:
ed to fail over to the continent. And n
fooner did,it begin to draw near, but I began
to make preparations for my intended expedi-
tion, and in a fortright’s time, I propofed t
open my little dock, and let out the boat for
that purpofe, é

~ One morning, as I was bufy in making prep-
arations for my voyage, Friday whom I had
fent to the feafide to look for a turtle, came
raed at running




Ci TE, AS WO Te 95

yunning in a terrible fright :. Says he, J have
bad news : Yonder are taree or four canoes upon
the coaft, and they come to look for poor Friday,
and will eat youas well as me; and therefore we
muft refolve to fixht for our lives—Says Friday,
trembling, me wr/l fight as well as I can ; but £
am afraid they are too many forus ; but I will obey
your orders, and lofe the laft drop of my blood for you.

Without farther difputes, we fell to loading
our arms, and making every thing ready for
the onfet : When we had double loaded them,
and put every thing in the beft pofture that
could be, I took my profpeétive glafs, and
went up tothe top of a hill, to try what L
could difcover ; and I foon perceived there
were nineteen favages and three prifoners,
which I concluded, by their manner of a&ing,
were to be devoured.
































































































































76 RG BEE ON Su Oe

This. difmal and inhuman fpeétacle filled
me with the utmoft horror and deteftation
and the more fo, as I faw a white man, whe
by their a€tions and preparations, I found
Was to be the next facrifice. This made me
make all the {peed I could, Having fully de
termined to. deliver him or perifh in the ate
tempt; fo I gave Friday orders to follow me,
and to do every thing he faw me do. 4

hen we came toa proper diftance undifu
covered, I gave the word to Friday.to fire, as
I did the very fame moment. We took our
aim fo well; that between us, we killed four,
and wounded three or four more.—No man
‘Can imagine the confternation and confufion
thefe favages were in upen this unexpected
-2ecident : However, not to give them any
refpite we tcok up fome other arms, and let
ily a fecond time, killed two more, and wound-
ed feveral others, which added fo to their con=
Jufion, that they ran yelling and howling a-
bout like mad creatures. Friday (fai I) take
a charged mufket and follow me: So, fhewing
ourfelves to them, and at the fame time giving
a great fhout, we went direétly to the vidtim,
and immediately cut the bands from his hands)
and legs, and lifting him up, I afked him, in.
the Portuguefe language, what he was: }
told me, in Latin, he was a Spantard and-
Chrijfian 3. and after returning the bef aes
knowledsments he could for his deliverancey
he was about to give an account of his misfor=
tunes, but I prevented him, telling him, That
wonld be better at another time ; and faithe
fad = y "

Signior ‘
oe ROT SP OE, ay

Signior, we will talk afterwards, but now.our
bufinefs is fighting. 1 gave him a dram anda
piece of bread to refrefh him, and then gave
him afword and piftol, and bade him de what
he could ; and to give the man his due, no one
could behave himfelf with greater courage. In
fhort, we fo managed the matter, that of twen-
ty two favages, not above three or four gotinto
one of their canoes, and thofe | refolved to
deftroy too if poffible ; accordingly, L leaped
into one of their canoes, and ordered Friday
to follow me; but I was no fooner got in,
than I faw another poor creature bound hand
and foot for the faughter. I prefently helped
him up, but he was fo faint and weak, that he
could neither ftand nor fpeak, but groaned
fadly, thinking he was now to be facrificed.
I bade Friday {peak to him, and affure him of
deliverance. When he wasa little recovered,
and fat up in the boat, and had looked upon,
him more fully, you cannot imagine the poor
fcllow’s tranfport ; at length, when he hada
little recovered himfelf, he told me it was his
father: and in truth, he gave fuch uncom-
mon feflimonies of his duty and affeétion
I muft needs own I was very much afleticd
with it. :

In fhort, with a great deal of difficulty, we
got both my new guefts home to mj
where I made them a handfome tent, 2
treated them in the bef manner my circu
{tances would allow.

And thus, like an abfolute King, i
ed my little dominions ; and finding
new fubjeGis were very weak, I
to kill -one ef my kids, and ftewed

Ge



































78 RO) Bek Sy ODN

the flefh and made them fome very good broth
‘and dined with them myfelf.—After dinner, }
ordered Friday to go to the field of battle, an
fetch home the arms ; and then I bade Frida
aik/his father whether he thought it poffibl
for the favages to outride tig: ftorm, or if they
got home, whether he thought they woul
not return in great numbers, and endeavour ta
deflroy us. His anfwer was, that if they did
reach their own country, which he haraly
thought poffible, yet the ftranvencfs of their
being attacked would certainly make them tel]
the people that they were deftroyed by thun.
der and lightning, and that whoever went im

to the ifland would certainly be deftroyed by
the hands of the Gods, and not ef men ; and
that the ifland was enchanted ; and that the
Gods fent fire from above to déftroy all thofg
that fhould prefume to land in it, Re
This account having freed me from my ap-
prehenfions, and no canoes appearing, I ree
folved to purfue my intended voyage, Fridzy’s
father having afflured me that I might depend
upon good ufage from the people of his coun-
try. As tothe Spaniard, I afked him his o=
pinion ; he told me they were fourteen that
were caft away upon the ifland, ‘and that they
hhad a good underfranding with the Indians,
but were in want of neceflaries for the fup
port of human hfe; and that if I thoug t
proper, he and the eld favage would go over
frit, and fettle matters, in order for our re-
ception ; and at the famt time he told me,
they would all iwear fidelity to me, and own
micas their leader,
: Upon

it oe Ra Sine hep TMS ay 2A cate a fm CoH bow Sng Be, Paes Cae pew ctteg*

wet wt eee eR det hed

1 bet eee
cP e 8 -& 79

Upon thefe-affurauces, I refolved.to fend
ihem over ; but when every thing was ready,
the Spaniard ftarted this material objeétion :
You know, Su; faid he, I know the lengih of your
jock, and though you may have enough for us that

are now wrth you, yet, when you enlarge your fami-
ly, 1 am fanfible it cannot be fufficient to fupport us
lung, and therefore my advice 25, to wait another
harveft, and in the mean time prepare as much
ground as pojfile, whereby we may have provifions
jupecent to carry on our defign. This advice I
liked extremely, and from that moment I always
efteemed the Spaniard and made him my privy
counfellor-on all oceafions. ;

We all four went to work, and prepared
as much ground as would, fow twenty two
bufhels of barley and fixteen of rice, which
was all the feed we had to {pare : And at the
fame time I took all the care imaginable to
increafe and preferve my goats by fheoting
the wild dams, and taking the young kids,
putting them into the inclofures, and took
fuch meafures, that, by the blefling of. God,
and our induftry, after harveft, we had pro-
viflons to vittual a fhip for any part ef Amer-
1¢a. : 4

The principal occafion being thus anfwered,
I gave my two ambafladors a mufket. each,
with charges of powder and ball; with pro-
vifions ft for the expedition, and away I fent
them ; they had not been gone a fortnight,
but I began to be impatient for their return.
Whilff my thoughts were perpetually taken
up with the expectation of them, a very ftrange
accident happened, which was firft difeovered
by my man Friday, who one morning came
runnin g






oS Rse8yrwe @ x








running unto mé, crying out, They are come, they

are come. Upon which I jumped from my bed, f
and looked towards the fea, I perceived @ ©
boat about a league and a half diftance, fLand# ] ¢
ing dire&ily in for the fhore. I feon found :

] t

that thefe were none of the company that I
expetted ; for by the help of my glafs, I found
that this boat muft belong to fume fhip, which
_ by cafting my eyes about, I plainly difcovered ify
lying at anchor at fome diftance at fea; which}
by the fafhion of her long boat, &c. I conclud
ed muft be an Englifh veffel. :
Great were my tranfports upon this unex:
petted fight, which brought into my mind
frefh notions of deliverance; and yet I‘had
fome cautionary thoughts, which 1 confe
were of ufe to me afterwards. It was no
long before I faw the boat approach the fhore
and then I was fully convinced that they were
Englifs. I faw four of them leap upon t
fhore, and take three out with them, that look:
ed like prifoners, who, I obferved, madé
paflicrate geftures of intreaty ; and not knows
ing What the meaning might be, I beckone
to Friday to goto the top of the mountain,
and make what difeoveries he could ; when
in a little while returning back, O mafter (faid
he) you fee Enghjh mans eat prifoners as well ag


















3

favage mans ! But of this I foon convinced Ss
him to the contrary; and yet I could nog ®
help thinking but there muft be fomething ve- Is
ry barbarous in hand. I could nat perceive le
that they had any fire arms, but rather that u
they were preparing to kill their three coma ?
panions with their fwords ; and now it wai o

I lamented my want of power to preférve
them,
Gy RR 8S. A RY 8:

them. . However, to my great fatisfa&tion, I
found that they turned them up into the def-
olate ifland, as they thought, to be either ftarv-
ed or devoured by wild beaits, and then ramb-
led about the wood to make obfervations, till

the tide was gone, and the boat was aground.


























ih

iN
LAS
a



In fhort, I confidered What fort of men I
had now to deal-with, and therefore refolved
to a& with all. the caution imaginable, and fo
concluded it was beft not to. make any attempt
till it grew dark : But the day being exceffive-
ly hot, Lconcladed the failors were of courfe
laid in the. fhade to fleep.; and perceiving the
three poor difconfolate creatures fitting under
a tree, at fome fmall diftance from me, I made
no more todo, but went up to them, afking
them, in the Spanifh tongue, what they were ?

At
























32 RO Bi. N.S. 0) N
At which they ftarted up, and being furprifeg

_ at the oddnefs of my drefs, they began toa
void me: but Icalled to them in Englifh, D
not be afraid, for you have a friend nearer to yo
than you expect 5 tell me your condition, and of 2#9
in my power, Iwill ferve you faithfully. — Ser, (fait
one of them) the flory is too long at prefent 2%
was mafter of that fuip that lies yonder at anchor,
my men having mutinied, it is a favour they ha
put this paffenger, my -mate, and me, on fhore.on tht
. efland without murdering us, though we have 4
profped but to perifh here, for want of the neceffq
ries of life.—Have they any fire arms ? faid]
Only two fuzees, replied he, and one of them 4
now deft in the boat ; and, if the two defpera
rogues that are with them could bé taken, Ia
pretty well affured the refe would return to the
duty. Well, faid I, let us retire a little farth
under the covering of the wood, and we
talk farther+ and there it was I made my con
ditions with them, which they very grateful
and honeftly performed. ;
It was not long before we came to a refol
tion to.go' and attack the villains ; the ty
men fired on there, and killed one of the ca
tain’s greateft enemies, and wounded another

the reft cried out for mercy, which was grar to
ed them, upon condition they would {wear} C.
be true to him, in helping him to recover h of
{kip which they all promifed todo in a fole be
‘manner ; however, I°advifed the captain oy ©
keep them bound, and then’our next care W fo
to fecure the boat, without which “it was fa
poflible to reach the fhip. ke

To fhorten the ‘relation as much ‘as poffiey 2

bie, we concerted all our meafures fo well th
Rha WS Ope, te

at iaft, the fhip was recovered according to
our wifh ; and now there remained nothing
put the difpofal of the prifoners, the mof
dangerous of which we refolved to leave on
the ifland. I gave them arms, and all the nec-
effaries I had in my caftle ; and telling them
all my whole ftory, I charged them to be kind
to the Spaniards that I had fent forover. They
romifed me very fair, and fo I informed them
of every thing neceflary for their fubfiftence ;
{fo taking with me my man Friday, my money,
my parrot, &e. I went on board where the
Captain treated me as his deliverer and behav-
ed himfelf to me with the utmoft gratitude and
civility. Upon the 12th of December, 1686, we
fet fail, and landed in England the 11th of
June, 1687, after I had been abfent from my
native country upwards of thirty five years.
After my arrival, and I had a little -refrefh-
ed myfelf, I began to inquire into the ftate of ©
_my affairs : 1 found my firft Captain’s widow
alive, butin very mean circumftances. Soon
aiter I went into Yorkfhire, where'I found
my family in general either dead or loft, fo
that I knew not where to fndthem. I found
that there was no provifion made for me ;
upon which I took my man Friday and went
to Lifbon in order to find the Portuguefe
Captain who took me on board on the coaft
of Africa ; and’to learn, from him, what was
become of my plantation at the Brazils. Ac;
cording to my wifh, after fome little fearch I
found him out, and he gave me a very fatis-
faétory account of all matters, more. particu-
larly of my plantation in the Brazils ; which
had been fo honeftly managed in my abfence,
Ly AS Ps that




% ~ Ro Se or Ww SSW



















that beyond my expettation, I found my
worth 4000], fterling ; with which, as fo
as poflible, I refolved to make the beft of m
way to England ; and by the advice of -th
Captain, I was perfuaded to go by lane
which had like to have proved fatal to m
and all that were in my company ; for th
fnows being fallen, the wolves and _beay
were driven out of the wodds, and thoug
there were more than 20 of us together, the
fet upon us many times, and indeed, it we
not without the greateft hazard and difficult
we preferved ourfelves from being devoure
the particular relation of which would be te
long to trouble the reader with.
In our farther pailage through Franc
we met with nothing uncommon or remark
able ; we got fafe to Paris, and after a fhoi
ftay there, went to Calais and landed at Dover}
the 14th of January in avery cold feafon.
When I came to London, 1 found my bill
of exchange all arrived, and the money read
to be paid at fight, which when I had receiv
ed, it came into my mind to return to Lifbon
aoe from thence to the Braajils, to leak 4 ‘te
my plantation 3 but upon fecond thought
I concluded it bef to fell it, and on this ae
count I thought it proper to write to my ca
refpondent at Lifbon, and defire his advie
and affiftance, who readily gave me his prom
ife to do all he could for me; and in truth a
1 afterwards found he acquitted himfelf to m
in every particular with the greateft juftig
and integrity. #
la fhort, he fold my eftate for me to th
beft advantage, and remitted to me for]
bills”
CRU S O'E. 85

bills for three hundred and twenty pieces of
eight, afum much greater than I expetted.
And now I began to think it high time to
fettle myfelf, Providence having'made fuch a
plentiful provifion for me that I wanted noth-
ing to make myfelf as happy as 1 could wifh.

Having caft my anchor, and for the pref-
ent bid adieu to all foreign adventures,
had no other care or concern upon me but
the education of my brother’stwo fons. One
of them I bred a gentleman, and the other {
bred an able failor; and foon afterwards I
married a virtuous young gentlewoman, of a
good family, by whom I hadtwo fons and
a daughter ; but, fhe dying, I grew difconfo-
late and melancholy, and atthe inftigation
of my nephew, refolved I would once more
make a voyage to the Eaftindies, which? did
in the year 1694, and in my paffage vifited my
Ifland. A full and particular account of
which I intend fhall be the fubje& of the fub-
fequent parts of my narrative.

aire FARTHER:











FARTHER
ADVENTURES @:
ae + ’
ROBINSON CRUSOEM¢
spodortede | P

Containing a full eee of his travels and remark.
able tranfa&tions, both by fea and land,

M* new kingdom ran continually in y.
Yi mind, and took up my thoughts day and
night, infomuch that my wife took notice of
it, and weuld often afk me the reafon of my
extraordinary thoughtfulnefs, fuppofing my
marriage with her might be the caule. Her
tender and endearing expreffions, together
with the concern I had for the prefervation of
my family at length brought me to a refolution
to fettle myfelf in fome fixed way of living ;
accordingly, I bought a little farm in Bedford_
fhire, and foon provided me a flock with all
other implements fit to manage it to the bef
advantage. In this rural retirement I began io
tlank myfelf as happy as ! could with, when











on a fudden, all my happinefs was deftroyed by. “
the unexpeéted death of my wife. ‘a

Her death gave me a fort of contempt of ee
the world, and filled me full of different 2:

thoughts a
Cy RU, Si QBs 65 «By

thoughts and inclinations. My country life
grew burthenfome to me: And in fhort, I lef
my farm, left off houfe keeping, and in a few
months after, returned to London ; but there
J could find nothing to entertain me and divert

my melancholy. It was the beginning of the.

year 1693, when my nephew, whom I had bred
up to the fea, was returned from his voyage,
Captain of the fhip he went out in ; who com-
ing to me one morning, told me, it was pro-
poled to him by fome merchants to make 2
voyage to the Eaftindies and if I would go, he
would undertake to land me upon my ifland,
that I might have an Opportunity to inquire. in-
to the ftate of my new kingdom.
. Juft before he came to me, it came into my
thoughts to get a patent, and fill my Ifland with
inhabitants. What devil, faid I, Sent you hither

with this meffage 2. And though I liked-the.
motion, yet I would not let him know it at.

fiift; however, after a little paufe, I told him
if he would fet me-down and call for me at his
‘return, I would certainly go with him. As
to calling for me as he came back he told me
it was impratticable. But, faid he, J will tell
you what wecan do; we may have a Sloop ready
framed on board, which we may cajily put togeth-
erat any time, and you may return at your plea-
urce é
I was not long in forming my refolutions,
but contrary to the advice of all my friends,
Tfully determined to undertake the voyage ;
and, in order to it,,1 made my will, and put
all my affairs in the beft pofture I could poi-
fibly, and fo with my trufty fervant Friday in
the beginning of Fanuary, 1694, I went on
beard,








88 R @.BL MS ON

board, and took with me feveral artificers with’
good cargo, for the better flocking my ifland,

We had not been long out at fea, but we wer
evertaken by a ftortk, which drove us upon
thecoaft of ireland, as far as Galway, where
we were obliged to flay twenty days for a wind!
On the gthef February, the wind prefented,
and we had a very good gale for feveral dayss
On the goth’ in the evening, the mate called
cut; that he faw a flafh of fire, and‘heard a gun;
upon ‘which we all ran to the quarter deck
from whence, at a diftance we'faw a terriblé
fire, which, from our reckoning, we coacluded
could be no other than’afhip that bad takew
fire at fea, and that it could ‘not be far off by
the reportof the gun, which we heard feveral
times. We made to it with all ovr fail, and
foon perceived it was a great fhip burning im
the middle of the fea; 1 immediately order

blew up. \ ,

We hung-out our Janterrns, and about eight
in the morning, when it began to be light, w
faw two boats making towards us, and we
made a fignal for them to come on board and
took them all up, being men, women and chil
den, in all fixty four. It was a French bip
of 300 tons, bound from Canada, and by the
" negligence of the fteeriman it was fet on fire
in) the fteerage; fo that in all probability, i
providence had not fent us to their affiftancg,
they had every foul perifhied, ) ‘














> me, ete Dy tee ay

ct tay tae DAD
CPR « SOLO Ze 89
Never were people, certainly fo overjoyed.
as thefe poor creatures were. “Among the ©
paflengers there were two pri¢fis, an old one
and a young one; the old one was a ftupid
fellow, but the young one was a very modelt
fine gentleman. After their furprife was pret~
ty well over and they had been refrefhed in
the beft manner our fhip would allow, ‘the
captain and one of the pricfts defired to {peak
with me, and offered us the money .and jewels
they had faved, which | refufed, telling them,
our buftnefs was to fave them, and not to plunder
them, They told us, what they had todefire
of us was, to fet them on fhore fome where in
our paffage. As to ianding, we told them, that
being bound to the Eaftindies, we could not do
that without changing our courfe, and that we
could not juftify; but we would carry them
till we met with a fhip bound either to England
or France, that would take them en board;
however, our provifions beginning to fall fhort,
we refolved to land them at Newfoundland,
which was not much out of our way: And
accordingly, as we propofed, jin about a
week’s time we came to the banks of New-
foundland, where they hired a bark to carry
them to France, all but the young prieft and
two or three of’ the failors, who chofe to go
with us, j
Now direéting our courfe to the S: S. E. ~
about twenty days after we met with another
adventure, that gave us a frefh opportunity te
exercife our humanity. In latitude of 27, we
faw a fail bearing towards us that had lof all
her mafts, and firing a gunin token of diftrefs ;
the wind being N. we foon came up to fpeak
He to






























ge Ro 62 BYE NY SEOONN

to her, and found her to bé a: fhip of Briftol,
bound home fion Baibadoes, that had been

driven out of the road by a furious hurricane, | pl
They bad been tofled about for feveral days nt
and were almoff ftarved fer want of provifions,
having eaten nothing for eleven days. am ot
In this fhip were three paflengers, a gentle, 5]
woman, her fon and a maid fervant; thele we | to
found in a moft miferabie condition that can jj
be imagined. The woman died, and it was, 9] ox
with the greateft difficulty that we preferved) tu
the young man and maid, whom, at their in- a8
treaty, after’ we had fupplied the fhip with@) a.
what we could fpare, we took on board our | fi
own fhip. We were now in latitude 1g; but) q
pafling by fome little incidents, I fhall relate) 7"
what is moft remarkable relating to my little | h
kingdom, to which I was now drawing nigh, @] hy:
It was with no fmall trouble that we gor tothe (yy 4
fouth fide of my Mand ; however, at laf we: n
came to an anchor at the mouth of the litdes a
creek, and then I foon ifaw my old cafile, and 9]
knew perfe@ly where I was. f a4 7
When | was certain of the place, I called te 3
Friday, and afked him if he knew where hes
was? But when he looked a little, he clapped =
hig hands, crying, Ojey! O there! O yes! OF i
there! Me fee! Me see? There much Men! and) £
there! and fell to jumping and dancing as if he ‘4
were mad. x 04.58 o i
When the Englifh antient was fpread, and» é
we had fired three guns, to let them know we. 4
were friends, I hung out the white fag, and fo, z
with the young prieit, and my man Friday, 1 ‘
went on fhore. And who fhould be the Srft és
man I faw, but the Spaniard, whofe life I had? ;

faved ;
CR RY. DE Sey gi

faved’; and Friday, who faw his father at a
difiance, ran to him with all the joy imagina-
ple, and embraced him with extreme tender-
peis.

it was the 10th of April that I fet my foat
on fhore the fecond time, when my faithful
Spaniard, accompanied by one mare, came up
to m¢; he didnot know me at firft ; but when
{ had hinted to him who I was, no-man could
exprefs or behave himfelf with’ greater grati-
«ide. Hetook me by the hand, and afked me
j€ 1 would not’go and take poflefion of my old
habitation, where I found they had made con-
fiderable improvements. I afked him feveral
gueftions, and he as readily anfwered me, .te!l-
mg me withel what firange confufion they
had with the Englifhmen, who defigned to
| have murdered them: While we were talking,
- the man whom he had fent returned with eleven
more. Thefe, faid he, are fome of thofe that
owe their lives to your geodnefs. And after
he had made them fenfible who I was, they all
faluicd me in a very grateful and handfome
manner. H
Before} relate what happened in the ifland,
a$ it was related by the Spaniard, my Governor,
3 maf not omit'a ftory which 1 omitted in my
former narrative. Juft before we weighed an-
chor, there happened a quarrel on board, which
by the’care of tge captain was timely ‘prevented
thoagh net without fome difficulty : And indeed,
fofar it proceeded, that two fellows, that had
heen the ringleaders, found means in the night,
+o get fome arms, and the fhip’s boat, and got
away to the ifland, and joined their brother —
rogues ; fo that now there were five Boglt in

A the




Sa) pink. O BUT Ws Sa Oar
tac ifland, which, as the Spaniard reports in)

the following narration, was the caule of great
diforder lad confufien among{t them.



' ‘The Spaniard’s relation of what happen-d in thee
Lfland, frommy departure till my fecond landing,

OU may remember, fir, you fent me on

a voyage ; and indeed, I was not a little
lurprifed to find, at my return, that you had
leftus. We had a very good paffage ; and in-
deed, my countrymen were overjoyed to find £
had fo miraculoafly efcaped; and. when I had
fhewed the arms and ammunition which I had
brought, they were tranfported to the highef&
degree. After a little ftay, we got what we
could from the favages, made bold with two of
their canoes, and fo came all of us over to th e
ifland; where we had no fooner landed, but
we found the Englifymen had qguarrelled with
One another, and had attempted to murder and
deftroy their fellows, and were often very near
putting their wicked pra@ices in execution.
One day it happened, that as two of my
Spaniards were in the woods, one of the fo
bereft of the Englifhmen came up to them, and
made heavy complaints how cruelly they were
ufed by their countrymen, and that if we did
‘mot take them under our proteftion and give
them affiftance, they muit inevitably be ftarve
and undone. When they came to fupper, one”
of the Spaniards, in a gentle and friendly man-~_
ner, began to reprimand the mutinous Englifh-
men: That it was a great pity their countrymen
fhould



















GRO & OE, - 93

{Gould Perifh, “and therefore intreated them to
igffer their countrymen to: procure their fub-
fiftence without farther difturbance 5 to which
they replied, Let them flarve and be damn’d, for
the ifland is ours, and if they will not work for us,
they frall have no faare in it, Come Yack (faid
Atkins) wha hail dare to buildin our dominions
without our confent 2 And as we afterwards
found out, they had certainly murdered them,
if they had not been prevented : However,
they pulled down their huts, and did them all -
the damage they poflibly could. When they
had done this villany, they came back to the
caftle, boafting of what théy had done; when
one taking hold of a Spaniard’s hat, twirled it
round, faying, And you Sugnior yack Spantaré
fiall have the fame fauce if you do not mend your
manners. This quarrel in a fhort time grew fo
high, that if we had not timely interpofed and
taken away their arms, in all probability there
‘had been murder. :

Thefe wicked fellows, perceiving that they
had made all of us their enemies, began to-re-
jent, and to beg for their arms, but this we pof-
Atively refufed, which made them fo mad and
defperate, that they left us in the greateft paf-
fion imaginable. They were hardly gone but
their two countrymen came to us with their
complaints, telling us they were ruined ; and
truly fr, we could not help thinking it very
hard, that nineteen of us fhould, from time to
time, be bullied and infulted by three fuch no-
torious villains. , 3
_ Ig was with fome difficulty we perfuaded
their two. countrymen from purfuing and kil-
ling them with their fre arms, but upon our

\. ‘promifing




















oe fF OBE Mo oO

promifing that they fhould have juftice done
them, they defifted. About five days aftei,.
being almoft ftarved, they came to us ina vety
fubmiffive manner, and begged heartily to have
their arms reftored, which upon certain con-
ditions we at laft granted. But. fo great was
their villainy that there had not paft above
_three days, but they began their old trade
again. 4
And now it was that an accident happened,
that not only obliged us to lay afide all private,
animofities, but lkewife to provide for our
mutual fecurity. . i)
One night, as I lay in my bed, I was difturb-
-@d with unufual fears and apprehenfions. |
gotup, and related the matter to cne of m
Spanith friends, who anfwered, fuch hints were

not to be fughted; and advifed me to look out P
€arefully ; adding, that certainly there was Jome
mifchief upon che frocks, Accordingly, we went 4 tt
up to the top of the mountain, where we dif- 01
covered a light, and heard the voices of feveral th
men,t which terrified us exceedinsly, We] u
could not tell what to conjeGure, and there- m
fore fent out old Friday asa fpy, totry if he J in
could learn who, and from whence they were 5_ tk
he returned in a very fhort time, and brought. | P'
us word, tiat they were two different parties, of ae
different nations ; and that after a bloody batile, “4 1
they had landed there by mere chance, in order to 4 th
devour their prijoners;.and that he believed as bl
Joon as it was light, a bloody battle would enfue. 4 a0
Old Friday had hardly ended his relation, but

an unufual noife gave us to underftand that the 1 wi
engagement was begun ; aud uothing could be, J
more bloody and cbftinate, nor men of more _
invincibie
CRUS 0, 95

invincible f{pirits, nor more a&tive and ready in
their way of fighting. '

We were undoubtedly, fir, in a great con-
dternation, left they fhould run into our grove,
and deftroy what we had, and fo refolved to
put ourfelves upon our defence, and fhoot the
firft that fhould approach ; and as we appre-
hended, fo it happened; for three of the army
that was vanquithed, came direétly to the place
for fhelter ; but thefe [ would not fuffer to be
flain, but had them furprifed and taken alive :
And in truth, they all proved very excellent
fervants, and were of great ufe to us afterwards.
The two parties being gone off, and the coafr
clear, we went to the place of battle, where
we found two and thirty dead upon the fpot, ©
with feveral bows and arrows, and other forts
of weapons, which I ordered to be carefully
picked up and carried into our armoury.

Tuis difmal fpettacle had that effe@ upon
the three troublefome Englifhmen, that much
of their turbulent temper began to abate, and
they began to be good friends, and to think ©

| unanimoufly what was beft to be done for our
mutual fecurity and prefervation.— And, accord-
ingly, all hands were at work to ftrengthen
the fortifications of our Caftle, and provide a
proper fecurity for all our provifions; and in-
deed, we did both with all the caution that the
nature of our circumftances would allow. And
thus for two years we lived in a very comforta-
ble retirement, having neither feen or heard
any thing of the favages for all that time,

But now there happened another quarrel,
which might have proved of very bad confe-
quence, if it had not been prevented we > ta

e


66 ROB E MG 0, N

The three wicked Englifhmen being the
grefiors, | ordered them to pe difarmed, a
deft the cafe to be determined by the other two
Englifhmen, who fentenced them to be ha pr.
ed, alleging, among other things, that they
adefign to murder us, and only deferred it 1
ea proper opportunity ; upon which 1 afkeg
Atkins, who was the ringleader, what we hag
done to them to deferve to be murdered, ¢
what he had to fay for himfelf, why we fhonl
not immediately kill him, who had forms
fuch a villainousdefign to murder us? Inteu
the Englifhmen prefled very hard to hang ong
of them for an exampletothe others; but this
I would by no means confent to, upon th
confideration that I owed my life toan Eg
glifhman, to you fir, my only preferver; how
ever, to put it out of their power to do us am
farther mifchief, we determined, that fer th
future, they fhould have no arms of any fort;
and that if they did again attempt to give th
Society any manner of difturbance, then
would immediately fhoot them lke wild beafts
After this] ordered them fome provifions fo
their prefent fubfiftence, and appcinted ther
aplaee in aremote part of the iflend, wher
they might plant and make what improvement
they thought proper.
They had lived fix months in this fepara'
flation, and had got in their 1 harvelt
which, that feafon, was but very imaii, as the
were naturally not only very idle, bur ba
‘every thing to begin anew, end what was wort
were but very indifferent workmen at. the be:
‘Thefe fellows growing defperate and weary
working, tock a new whim inte their heads
whieh




























Gh Sh & OF

which might have been of. fatal -confequence.
Nothing would ferve them, but they muft needs
make a voyage to the continent, to try, if they
could feize fome of thofe favages, and make
them flaves to do their drudgery ; and indeed
the projeét was not fo prepofterous, if they
had not been’ a€tuated by wicked. Rotions an@
defigns.

One morning they came to their. limits, de-
firing to {peak with us; which being granted,
they told’ us they were tired of thay fiate of
life, arid if we would give them one of cur
canoes, they would go and feck their fortunes
abroad, and never trouble us more. You may
be fare, fir, we were not a little glad to be
freed from fuch troublefome « companions ; ; how-
ea we reprefented the danger of it; “but

finding | nothing would change their refolution,
we confented they fhould have one: of our ca=
ROEs, and at the fame time gave them fome
fre arms, ammunition and provifion; and as foon
as they | had fitted out their boat, they merrily fail-
ed away, the Spaniards at the fame time calling
after them .and wifhing them a good voyage.
And in truth, nothing could be farther from
eur thoughts, than the pofflibility of feeing
them any more; yet fcarcely a month had pafi-
ed, but oneof our Englifhmer, being abroad at
wok, _faw three men well armed coming to-
ward him; upon which, away he flies to bring
us intelligence, telling us, We were all undone,
for there were men upon the ifand that were not
javages | While we were confidering the event,
| up came the three Englifhmen, whom we pref-

ently knew by their voices ; ; and then our
wonder


oe ROR IN § ON






















wonder ceafed. Our next inquiry was inig

the nature and manner of their voyage, a no
the reafon oftheir fo fpeedy return; of up
which one of them gave the following relatio We
Afier two day’s fail, we reached land; b acs
finding the inhabitants favages, and comi ffl
“with their bows and arrows to give us an un 4 Jea
welcome reception, we thought it proper ta fet
- make the beft of our way fteering northward, | “‘
In our paflage we difcovered feveral lit le au
iflands which feemed to be inhabited ; at one | °°
of which we refolved to go on fhore at rail haze gy D4
ards; which accordingly we did, at one that
lay ‘moft to the welt ; here we found the | 2°
natives very courteous to us, giving us wh: t ie
they could procure. Among thefe hofpitable ta
Indians we ftaid feveral days, inquiring b by |
figns what nations lay near them, and were in
formed that there were feveral nations that |“
lay nigh to them, that were accuftomed to ne
mankind, but for their parts, they were n ty
decuttanied 16 eat {uch fort of diet, except fu eX
as they took tn pattle. We. inquited how all
my ed
long it was fince they had had a battle, and] ©
whether they had any prifoners ; to whic fe 3
they made anfwer, by their figns that it wags] °
about two months, and their ‘King had now
two bundred prifoners, which he teferved for wl
the flaughter. Mighty defirous we were to fee | 4"
thofe prifoners ; which they miftook, anc th
thought we wanted fome for our own ule, a and | 24
made figns, that at the next rifing of the Sun; itr
we fhould have fome; and accordingly, at the th
very time, they brought us eleven men and five i
of

women, juft as cows and oxen are brought
a fea port town; a fight that gave us all
great
CR, US. 0. Ey 99

reat deal of horror, and what to do we could
not tell; to refufe them we knew would be an
unpardonable affront, and to difpofe of them
we knew not how. However, we refolved to
accept of them, and gave them in return a few
fifhes that we had in the canoe ; fo taking our
leave, we failed to the next ifland, where we
fet eight of the men at liberty , 3. with the reft
we made the beft of our way to our ifland;
and though we treated them all as well as we
could, we could by no means convince them,
but that they were to be killed and devoured,

Thus, fir, ended the narrative of thefe three
defperadoes ; ie whereupon I afked him where
their new family was, choofing to fee them ;
they told me they were at their huts ; fo we all
went to fee them. sO

When we came to the huts, we found three
well proportioned men, and ‘hie women, all
naked and bound, four of them might be from
twenty. four to “forty, but the other was a
comely maiden of about feventeen : they. were
all very agreeable, and their behaviour feem-
ed to be very modeft.. Their naked appear-
ance, with the mifery of their condition, was
no very agreeable fight. .

But now, fir, haying women among ‘us,
which I thought. might fometimes occafion
quarrels, I’ afked the three Englifhman how
they propofed to difpofe of their families ;
adding, that I was not going to lay any. fe
ftraint on them ; only 1 would defire, that
they would each take one; and, after they
had chofen which they had a mind to, no
other man fhould prefume to touch her.—

Well




we R OP RAIN SOON

Well to this they all agreed; and fo they®
concluded to draw, lots for the ‘choice, :

And now, fir, I lay before you a fce
quite different from any thing that has been”
related, _ One morning, very early, there”

their did account of de*auring their prio’
ers ; all that we could do was to lie conceal-!
ed till their bloody ceremony was,.over, and
to take proper meafures to defend ourfelves:
in’ cafe of néed. But, notwithftanding all
our cautions, there happened an unhappy
difafter; that had like to have occafioned the
utter defolation of the ifland ; for, after
favages were gone off, my Spaniards and I
looking out to make obfervations, we found
three favages that had gorged themfelves ly-
aig faft afleep’ upon the ground.

What to do with them we could not tell a
to murder them we thought would not be
juftifable ‘according to the. law of Chriftiani
ty, having no previous quarrel with them ;
at laf we thought it advifable to fecure
them alive, and fet them about fome work
or other, till we could difpofe of them :-and
accordingly we took them prifoners, and car
ried them frft to our caftle, ‘and then to
the two Englifh, who foon found them em=
ployment ; but for want of ‘Keeping a fri
guard over them, one of them’ got ey, into
the woods, and was not heard of for fon BS
time. =

phcheth dnt Ee a fome way c or hee this
favage would find means to get into his owt
Coun and inform his countrymen how

weak ~


















i a th age te cle Lh
Re i iO Bi iot

weak. we .were, and-confequently that they
would come. over and deftroy us all; nor in-
deed were our notions ill grounded ; for, in
eight months after, there came 4x . canoes,
with ten men. in each, and landed within lefs
than a mile of the Englifhman’s habitation,
who, with the greateft terror imaginable, let
their milch goats loofe into the woods, and
ran to their fecret cave, refolving to defend
themfelves till we could come to their affift-
ance. Ce aie:

lt was not long before they could fee their

habitations in flames, and the favages in pur- ’

fuit of ‘them in, feveral {mall parties ; upon
which they took their fland at a convenient
place, and determined to defend themfelves.to
the very laft extremity.

While they were thus expe&ting them, the
favages came on; one of them was the run-
away, who had been the caufe of this mif-
chief ; and he they refolved fhould be the
firft that fuffered, let what would be the con-
fequence ; and accordingly, as was concert-

ed, the firft let fly ; and indeed he took: his

aim fo well that he killedthe foremoft out-

right, fhot the runaway through the body,
and wounded the third.

Sad and dreadful was the outcry thé
wounded Indians made, being quite infenfible
from whence their fudden deilruéiion came,
and as we were informed, believed that they
were, deftroyed by thunder and lightning,
having never before heard or feen any thing
like agun. Whilft they were in this con-
fternation, the Englifhmen had time to new
load their guns, and, fring both together up-

Ia on






Ay OR OMB ws 90 'N













on another party’ of five, who were flanding
by the two they had’ wounded, the fell to
the ground as if they had been. killed ; upom 4
which the two’ Englifhmen went to them,”
without charging their guns, which was a
very wrong ftep'; for, when’ 'they, were come |
up, they found four of them alive, two’ flights 4
ly ‘wounded, and one not® at~ all. “Upon |
which they were forced to’ take the but ends
of ‘their mufkets, and knock them on the |
head, and took him that was not wounded
and bound him at the foot of ‘a tree hard by,,
and then made all the hafte they could to-
wards the cave to fee if all was well thére;
and finding every thing Yafe, they came Bock’ 4
to the tree where they Yeft the Indian bound,
aad found, to their great furprife, he was:
gone, Now they wete ia’ greater fear and,
confufion than before : but while they were
confidering what was proper to do, feven
Spaniards came up to them, bringing with |
them that very Indian the Englifhman had |
ieft bound under the tree, whom the ge ;
iards had releafed in their way.
* This great reinforcement fo much encour- ‘4
aged the two Englifhmen, and fo great was |
their- indignation for the lofs of their huts, 4
that they could ftay no longer, ; but taking
the Spaniards with them, - all wel armed,
away they went in purfuit BF the ref of the
favages ; but, from a tifing ground they peér-
ceived that they were got on board of their
cances, and were gone out to fea, too far to
be come at, which gave them a new matier —
for fear and apprehenfion, left they fhould
go home dire@ly, and inform their brethren
af

my

a a
M

ty

=
nak

foe coe
=

a"

ee

on an
gC Pt PSS SRA ore : 103

alt tHat had happened, and incite them , to
ome over with greater power, and ‘deftroy a
he whole ifland) And as we judged, fo it”
appened; for in lefs than feven months, ”
hey came over with twenty five canoes, and -
landed upon us with two hundred and fifty
men, all well armed with bows and arrows,
and othér formidable wezpons. wer sapid
You may imagine, fir, We-were in no fall
ifférnation, upon the approach of thefe ”
unwelcome guefts ; nor were we wanting to
make the bef preparation we could ‘to de-'
fend ourfeives ; we armed our faithful flaves
in the be manner we could, nor’ would our
women be perfuaded from fighting along with”
us, as they refolved te conquer or die with i
their hafhands, whom they now loved with

the greateft tendernefs and paffion.
Of this little army 1 was commander in
hief ; and Will. Atkins, wkom I knew to be |

fellow of iavincible courage, I appointed i
or my. Lievtenantgencral, and gave him fix
hoice men, well armed, to command as a fep-
arate body. In a {hort time the fight began —
on Atkins’s quarter, who ordered ‘his men to
fire inte the thickeft of them. Never weré_
creatufes in greater terror and confternation, |
as imagining their de&tru@ion “to come from: ”
che Gods ; and if Atkins had obeyed my or-
ders, and retreated unperceived, they had fled
to their canoes, without any farther attempt ;
but feeing him and his fmall party, they
came On again with the greateft fury.

In fort, We wete forced to interpofe with
our whole body, to fave Atkins and his par-
ty, who was prefled very hard, and had one

fea : : Ng of

rey

x

a G

oe

ey
5"



CY



mm oO

>


i. LO By Te Ne SHOWN

ef the Englifhmen killed by his fide, and. was!”
jhimfelf: wounded. We gave three volliesy)
“but they were grown fo defperate that not.
withflandiag our fire, they came up in t
very tecth of us, infomuch that we were
forced to. retire, aed in trath, I muft own,,
that, if night had not given us a little refpite,
we male have been in a great deal of danger,
‘As foon as poflible I drew my little army)
upon a rjling ground, where, by the light of
the moon,.we could obferve the favages in a_
great deal ‘of diforder ; upon which we cons |
cluded it would be beft to fall upon them.
‘ now, aad, ii, potkble, to give themd volley
undifcovered ; which we did, by the guidance |
of the two Englifimen, who knew the ground -
perfectly ; after this. we gave them three vol-)
lies more, and then rafhed in upon them with:
out Gurardis with fuch irrefiftible fury, that
they gave way,, ,and, making a difmal {cream- _
ing and howling, they betock themfelves to_
their heels. Many of them were killed inj
the flight but indeed we were fo exceedingly
tived with fighting thefe two battles, that we —
did not then purfue them to their canoes, in|
which we concluded that they, would imme-
diately get to fea ; but there happening a
dreadful ftorm, they were prevented in that, _
and many of their canoes were loft into the”
bargain.
After we bad taken fome- refrethment,
and.a little repofe, we refolved, as foon as it
was light, to go. to.the place of battle, in o
der to. mke. what obfervations we could; ~
and coming at length to a full view of the»
xemainder of their army, we found them ly= 7





















bot oe
ot

’

en

la a le al eee ie! AS che
cok US OE See

ing ina miferable pofture ; and when we
came within mufket fhot, I ordered two guns
tobe fired, in order to try if they had. any.
notion of coming to another engagement 5,
and the proje@ anfwered fo cfieGually, that
they no, fooner heard the report. of the firft
gun, than they ftarted up, and in a mofk
aftonifhing manner, ran away into the moun-.
tains. Though I confefs 1 had much rather
the weather would have fuffered them to have,
gone off, without giving us, farther trouble;
for new the cafe was, what muft be done
with this great number of favage creatures.
Great were our debates on this point, howewe
ex, after mature confideration, it, was deter-
mined to deftroy their canoes 3 which, when
the Indians few, they made the moft hideous
outeries ; but to no purpole, for we either
burnt or difabled them all, after which they
yan about along time, and, as they had ne i
arms, nor materials to. make any, fo, notwith- H
flanding their pumbers, wé were the leis ap< i
prehenfive of being furprifed by them. ]

Indeed our fteck of provifions was fo.very |
f{mall, that we came to.a refolution to drive {
them up into fome remote corner of the ifl-
and, and to kill as many of them as we could
catch, in order to leflen theif number, and
then give them fome corn to plant. Purfu-
ant to this refolution, we purfued them with
our guns, killing every day one or more, till
at length their number was fo reduced, that
we concluded, if poffible, to take one of them
alive, which at daft, with fome difficulty we
effeGed ; and ufing him kindly, we brought
him to old. Friday, WHO pei him (if they

aA
Woule



















408. RO RF NS ON

would fubmit and do what they were com. _
mended’ they fhould be ufed well, other.
wife they fhould ali be flain, and bade him go
and affure his companions fo, who were in a
mott miferable farving condition.: e

~ The poor creatures, who were now reduced
to thirty feven, received this offer with al
the joy imaginable, fo we fent them fome bss
food, which they ate with great Rank fulnefs, —
and made all the promifes we cduld defire; and
to give 'them their due, they have never brokén ©
any of them to this day. a

» And thus, fir, according to the beft of my
ability, Ihave given you an account of what
a8" material, that’ has happened in the ifland a
fincé your departure, to this day ; by which 4
you may perceive the wonderful works of —
Providence. ‘ eas "

- When you infpe& into the ifland, you will a
find it fomething improved in general, your ©
corn and flocks increafed, and the number of ©
your fubjeéts, fo far augmented, that from a
defolate ifland, as it was before your deliver- —
ance, heré isa profpe&) with a little indaftry' ~
and good. managemeit,: that it may at length =|
become a populous and plentiful little kings |

Poo The End of the Spaniard’s Relation,

J


CRU see 467
“A CONTINUATION

‘oF ht

Gobomay note sh ot
ROBINSON CRUSOE.

“FAHERE is no doubt.to be mace but that
_the Spaniard gave mea faithful account,
which was exceedingly agreeable to me, and
no lefs furprifing to the young prieft and to
all the reft who heard it: Nor were thefe
people lefs pleafed. with the neceflaries I
brought them, which were a great help to
them in perfeGting their habitation, Wiil.
Atkins was growma very fober man, and had
built his hut with great ingenuity. The En-
glifhmen’s wives were all fruitful enough, and
bore each a child once a year. ieee
When I inquired of the Spaniard concern-
ing their manner of living among the favages,
they gave me avery deplorable relation.of it,
adding that they had hardly: any. hopes of.
fupport or deliverance: a
Many were the methods they took to in-
ftru& the favages, but to no purpofe; for they,
ignorant as they were, would give no ear to
the inftrutions of thofe to whom they owed
their








. . that*he fhould have his arms, and be madi

168 EO Be i, Ny Sea NK




















their lives. At the return of their friend, whe
they thought had been devoured, their joy w 3)
great, efpecially when they faw the loaves
bread which E.feat them ; but when they
heard the errand, and perecived the boat,
their tranfports were inexpredible. This was.
the account I had from them, and now it fo.
ows that 1 fhould inform the reader in what
condition I lefr them. S
As it was generally agreed that they fhould
have no more difturbance from the favages
fo I told them I had made this voyage chicily
for their fakes, and that 1 came not to remev
them, but rather to eftablifh and fx them
upon the ifland ; and for that end, I ha i
‘brought them all forts of neceffaries and ar-
“‘gificers, with other perfons that would not
‘only add to their number, and confequently
to their defence, but would likewife be a
mutual help and fupport to them. They
were all together when I talked to them in
this manner. EF afked. them, one by one, if
they had entirely forgot their former animof
ties, and would engage in the fri@eft
friendfhip ? To which Atkins replied, they
had had affli€tions enough to make them ali
fober, and enemies enough to make them alll
friends ; adding, that he had moft juftly de-
-derved the treatment be had received from
‘the Spaniards, and that he was only to be
blamed. Upon which the Spaniards replie a,
-that fince Will. Atkins had, upon al! occa-
fions, behaved himfelf fo valiantly in their de
“fence, all that was paft fhould be. forgotten
’ the next commander to the governor. “4
: Te een alll

ey en ae ae ae ee

pet ot Ge OR ed

Gat Ries we ns. 2 Owe Be
Oe Be am * 109

Upon thefe kind declarations of mutual love
and friendthip, we concluded to ding together
on the morrow ; which we did | in the belt or-

. der and formality that the nature of the. place
would permit; ant afiec that, I diftributed io
every one of them:his portion of the necefiaries
I had brought over, and then divided the ifland
into three .diftinét colonies, making my old
habitation the metropolis, which the Spaniards
inhabited,

.The young man, whofe mother was ftarved.
todeath, as. before mentioned, and the maid,
who was indeed a pious, virtuous young wo-~
man, fesing. the good difpofition of affairs, drop—

. ped their refolution of going to the Eaftindies,
and both defired I would permit them to flay
on the ifland and enter them among my {ub-
je&ts, which | readily agreed.to; and the. young
woman was afterwards married, as will appear
by the fequel of the ftory.

4ind now:I come in courfe to {peak of the
young French prieft,, whofe pious behaviour,
and excellent difcourfes were extremely agrec-
able, and deferve a particular obfervation.
Said he to me ons day, fince, under God, I
owe you my life, I fhall take care to employ it
to do as mach good, and you as. much honour,
asl can; andthis I conceive may be beft dene in
id attempt to fave as many of thefe poor peo-
ple’s fouls as I can; but at the fame time I fhall
take care not to advance any points in religion
but what you fhall.approve of.

Iwas mightily pleafed with the modefty of
his expreffions, and told him he fhould not
Wag my allifan nce 10 farther his good inien-

of tons






110 RG). BT Re Oo A
tion, By his advice the Englifhmen and fav-—
age women were married} which was not more —
to my fatisfa€tion than to that of the Englithe
yeh themfeives, and indeed, it was attended
with: all the’ good confequences that could t be ¥
,expedied. © €7

The affairs of the ifland being thus fettled?
I was preparing every thing for goingon hoarda 4
when a-match was propofed between the Eng
glifhman whom 1 celled Jack of all trades and
the maid Sulan. He was a very ative, induf-_
trious man, and the woman a difereet, neat,
cleanly houfewife ; fothe match was conclud=-
ed, and they were married the fame day. a

“As to the fharing out the land, I left it to”
Will. Atkins, who d:fcharged his? tru with
great fidelity. As te their laws and govern-
auent, 1 advifed them earnefily to love one”
another, and to make what farther —. they”
dhould think proper for their general good “4
benefit.

During my ay on the ifland, as I was going”
ene morning to vifit that part that was ecca-
pied by the Engtifh, | heard the report of guns, ©
% haflened my pace, andrifing.a hill I law
them engaged with a number of favages who
had landed—the Engl :fhmen bad killed a number
of them, and the remainder were fleei ing away as*
Fatt as poffible.--I defcended the bill on the oppos
Site Gde to that on which F went up, and there
3 found five favages, who had fled thither in”
the greateft coniternation---they were fo furs?

“ prifed. that they did not attempt making an ef
cape, but fell on their knees, and appeared to
fupplicate PY favour, Which I granied thee

_ an !











Cats to Pr’ uit
and thay proved to be good and faithful fer-
vants to my little government.



_ Haviag difpofed every thing in the illand
in the beft manner poflible and giving the
people aflurance that 1 would always have
them in my thoughts, and would be fure to
fend them {ufficient fupplies, ac often as I had
an opportunity, On the fir of May, 1605, 2
fet fail for the Brazils, but the next day was
becalmed ; and lecking towards the N. N. E.
of the ifland, we could perceive fomething out
at fea looking very black, upon which the mate
going up the fhroudsfand taking a view with a
profpeCive-glals, he cried out, /t was an army #
dn army, you fool, faidi, What do you mean ? Nay
Sir, faid he, do not be angry; for I affure you,
it isnot only an army, but a fleet too; for I
believe there are a thoufand canoes making
towards us with allf{peed. As they came nearer
towards us, they feemed to be very much fur-

rifed atthe ight of our fhip, not knowing
what to make of us; And we being unwilling
they fhouldgcome too near, made figns to them

to

sare eerie ceeds
412 JR Ok Be a 8 ON

to keep off, which they did ; but as the
tired, they let fly feveral arrows, by w
of our men was wounded.
In a little time they had the coura
fo near us, that they could hear us {peak ;
“which I ordered Friday to call to th
know what they would have; where
poured a whole cloud of arrows‘ % on
deveral of which went quite through his bog
and fo I left my faithful fervant and mo ta
fe€tionate companion in all my affli&ions g
folituds, 1 was fo enraged atthe death C
Friday, that I ordered the gunner to lo
{mall fhot, and immediately give them a
fide ; which he did {o effectually, that th
Or fourteen of their canoes were overfet
the reft fo frighted, that away they fle
all the {peed they could. :
_ Soon after, we took up one poor wretch,
he was fwimming for his life; who let us k
that they were going with their kings to &
2 great battle ; and when we afked him » ;
made them come to us and fhoot at us?
an{wered, to make de great Wonder look. ¥
' Poor Friday was buried with all the:
and decency our circumftances would’
And now, having a fair' wind, we ma
beit of our way to the Brazils.---We ftopp
All Saints, and having fitted out a veffel y
rovifions for my tfland, fet fail for the
indies. :
Whilf we were failing along the ¢
Coromandel we efpied, one morning the
of a large hip, which kad the day befor
upon a rock, and could not be gotten o
crew had cut off all her mafts to light
























COR SNE. 113
but to no purpofe, and finding a large hole in
her bottom, which they were unable to ftop, and
that the fhip muft foon go dowt, they tock to
fheir boat, and were making for the land, ju
as we hove in fight---they then directed tneir
courfe to our fhip, and wt tock them all on
board.

















We made dire&tly for the Cape of Good
Hope, and thence for the coaft of Coromandae!,
The fir place we touched at was the ifland of
Madagafcar ; where though the people are
firce and treacherous, yet for fome time they
treated us well, and gave us commodities; and
indeed they traded with us, with fo much ci-
vility, that fome of the men refolved one night

: a to



i}

i
114% ROB. ENS Sa. Ww

to flay on fhore in atent, which they had made

for that purpofe. :
About two o’clock in the morning, we were

alarmed with the firing of guns, and out men’s

crying for help, or they fhould be murdered,
The occafion of this fray as we afterwards
understood from them that cfcaped, was this.
An old woman, that fold milk, brought with
her a young woman that fold herbs, whom
when the failors faw, they laid hold on_ her,
and ca‘ried her in among the trees ; upon

which the old woman taade fuch a prodigions |

Outcry, that both men and women came to

their afiftance. At the beginning, the fellow.
that began the fray, wes killed with a lance,
though at frit we did not know what was be-

come®/f him. © ce
A night or two after we refolved to go on

Shore, and try if we could find cut the man iq

that was mifling, An hour befere midnight
we landed at the place where the aftion began ;
but it was fo dark, we could difcover nothing,

till the boatfwain fell over one of the dead
bodies. We concluded to fkay there till the ~

morning. when we difcovered two and thirty

dead bodies lying on the ground, whereof two if 4
were not quitedead. Having made this dif- ia

covery, I thought 1 had feen enough, and fo
was preparing td return on board. But the
Boatfwain and the reft, which were about twen-

iy, tefolved to go to the Indian town, to tryif |

they could find what was become of Tom Jef-
freys, their companion, ;

Tt was not without difaculty that they found _ ;

ihe town, which confifted of about two hun-
dred houfes, where the people being all in.a
a profound
eee



pre
the
tov
tha
the

We
con
ftri
ear
in

iift
at |
fot
wa:
frig
fro
the
kill

the
une
the
kne
faw
cor
up¢
thi
the
ane
ran

but
nex
dre
CER SOAS CORES Hig

profound fleep, the failors concluded to divide
themfelves into three bodies, and to fet the
town on fire in three places at once, to kill all
that fhould attempt to efcape, and to plunder
the reft, :

Having made this refolution to work they
went; they had not gone far before the firft
company found their companion Tom Jeffreys,
fripped ftark naked, with his throat cut from
tar to ear, hanging by one arm upon a tree.
in a houfe adjoining to this tree they found
fifteen or fixteen Indians.

They immediately fet fire to the houfe, and
at the fame time to feverai others in the town:
fo that, in a very Jittle time, the whole place
was allin flames; and no fooner did the af-
frighted creatures run out to fave themfelves
from the fury of the flames, but the failors ci-
ther drove them back again into the fire, or
killed them without mercy.

By this time the town was all in flames, and
the light of the conflagration made me very
unealy, and likewile furprifed the captain and
the men that were with him on board, who
knew nothing of the matter.—But when he
Jaw the {moke, and heard the guns go off, he

concluded his men muft be in great danger,

upon which he took the other boat, and with
thirteen men refolved to go to the affiftance of
them, let the confequence be what it would;
and, though I was fenfible of the danger we
ran, yet I had no power to flay behind.

We went diredlly as the flames guided us,
but I muft own, when I came to the place, I
never beheld greater horror, nor heard more
dreadful outcries: In fhort, the whole {pe@a-

we eee een Fe fe




























216 Bi OPEB PDI S SD ON,





ol
cle was too dreadful to be defcribed, and +] fo
miferies and aftonifhment of the people not al
be uttered. I got ito the center in order t fu
put a ftop to their farther barbarity, and ord

ed fome of the men to follow me; but I had | 4
hardly fpoke the word, before the Boatfwain, | #1
with four of the men after him, came up to us, fc
all covered with blood and duft. When they} 7*
faw us, they gave a great halloo, in token th °
more help was come. Noble Captain, faid h in
thefe hell hounds have barbaroufly murder) ©
ed Tom Feffreys, and in revenge’ we wil hel bh
them all; and according to all their accounts, it
they deftroyed one hundred and Sfty meng] â„¢
women and children, and burnt the whole é
town to afhes into the bargain; while nof one h
of them received any paiticular hurt, the poomy â„¢
Indiats being unprepared, amazed and conayj ©
founded:~-However our men might value theme &
felves upon this bold exploit, yet I always I
Iéoked upon it with deteftation, and gave ity ©
the title of the maffatre of Madagufcar. i x
When we were under fail, the Boat{wain fs
would be often magnifying and defending °
bloody a@ion, which I as often diipraifed fj
condemned ; bidding them depend upon if f
God would never blefs their voyage after fu te
unparalleled barbarity. And asi foretold, JE
it happened; for when we came upon t A
*Perfian fhore, we loft ‘five ef cur meo, wi u
‘venturing toc far on the fhore were eitl al
killed, or taken and made ‘flaves by the Arabiar al
Upon’ this “misfortune 1 again reprehend ¥
them, advifing them to repent, Upon this t

&

boatfwain faid, you are always difiurbing
and as you are but a paiienger, we are

obliged i
CR SO. 117

obliged to bear it; and therefore if you do not
forbeat for the future, I fhell leave the fhip,
and not fail with fuch dangerous and ungrate-
ful company. : :
All this 1 heard very patiently, being fen-
fible, as cafes then ftood, I. had no. remedy $
and indeed, I thought all had been over and
forgotten : But, fo it happened, we were now
in the road of Bengal, where, going one day
on fhore with the Supercargo, one of the
men came and told me, ‘‘I need not-trouble
myfelf to come on board any more, for that he
had orders from the boat{wain, and the reft of
the officers, not to bring me on board any
more.” :
- This infolent mefflagé much furprifed me;
however, I made the fellow no anfwer, but
went to the fupercargo, and defired him to go
on board immediately, and acquaint the Cap-
tain, that he might prevent the mutiny which
I had reafon to apprehend: But, before this
could be done, the matter was effé&ed ; for I
was hardly gone out of the boat, but the boat-
fwain, gunner, carpenter, with all the inferior
officers, ran to the quarter deck, defiring to
{peak with the Captain; and then the boat-
{wain began to rail againft me exceedingly,
telling him, That if I had not gone on fhore my-
Sef, they had. refolued to have compelled me to it,
And farther, hé had the infolence to add, * That
if I had not quitted the fhip, though they had
all the refpeé&t imaginable for their Captain,
and would ferve him with their lives ; yet they
would all have left the fhip immediately.”—
Upon ‘which the reft cried out, One and ail, one
and all, :
Though
























we OB ION SON

Though my nephew was aman that want,
ed neither courage nor refolution, yet this un.
expetted behaviour fhocked’ him exceedingly;
he expoftulated with thtm, telling them the
danger and injuftice of fuch proceedings but
all would’ not do; they had fully refolved,
that if I came on board, they would all leave
the fhip ; upon which faid he, « If this be your
refolution, I will go and acquaiat him with Thea
And fo he came up to me, and told me ail that
hadpaffed. I am very glaito fee you, Nephew,
faid I, and am glad it is no worfe ; for!in truth
I expeéted they would have rebelled againft
you. 1 only defire youto fend my neceffary
things on fhore, and I will find my way
England as well asI can. . Though this vexed my
nephew to the heart, yet, findiag there was na
remedy, he tock his’leave of me and went on
board, and fent me my neceflarics; and fo this
matter was over in ‘a very few hours. And
now I think I was at leaft a thoufand leagues
farther diftant from England, than I was at
my little kingdom. My nephew left me two
fervants to attend me, whoengaged to be with
metillmy return. I took lodging in the houfe
of an Englifh woman, where were {everal mer-
chants; and indeed I liked the company and
. entertainment fo well, that I continued here
feveral months, confidering what -courfe I had:
beft take. I had fome valuable Englith goods,
a thoufand dollars in cafh, and a letter of cred-
it for more, if I fhould have occafion.---The.

4 fir
goods I foon difpofed of to advantage, and
bought here feveral good diamonds, which TE Fo:

could eafily carry about with me.

One
Cit eG el a tis

One morning, a merchant, with whom I

was very intimate, came to me, and faid, coun-
trymen, I have a propofal to make to you,
which Ido not queRion will be to both cur
advantages. To be fhort, Sir, we are both ina
remote part of the ‘world, and” far removed
from our native country, and yet we are in a
place where men that underftand bufinefs,
may get money. ~ Now if yop ‘will put a thou-
fand pounds to my thoufand pounds, we will
buy a good fhip, you fhall be the Captain and
i the merchant, and we will go upon a trading
voyage. :
’ This propofal foon gained upon me, fuiting
exa@lly with my rambling inclination ; bat it
required fome time before we could get a vef-
felto our mind, cr failors it’ to man her cut.
Ina little time we procuréd ‘both; and fo we
failed away for China, and had a véry profper-
ous voyage, having not only gained’ a large
fum of money, but withal got a good -infight
into the traffic of thofe countries. e

Our next voyage was to the Spice iflands
which proved. likewife very fuccefsful ; and
not long after, the merchant and I made up cur
accounts to our mutual fatisfa@ion. We found
ourfelves very rich; and now our only con-
cern was how to difpofe of our mioney. © Whilft
we were confidering what was beft to be dome,
it happened that a Dutch fhip of about sco
tons came into port. The men pretended they
were fo ill, that there were not hands fufficient
to manage the veffel, and the Captain being de
firous of going to Europe, publick noti€e was
given ‘thatthe fhip was to be fold; which no
fooner came to our ears but we bought ‘her, and

ee ee er Oe Nae:








x20 BB LORTB Sy DB SON

would have entertained fome of her men, byt”
they were not to be found, for as foon as Reng
had‘ received their dividend, they ail we
privately to the Mogul’s country; as in tru
they had reafon enough; for this preten
Captain was only ‘the gunner (the real Ca
tain aad three of his men being killed by tl
Malagans) | who. ran away with the fhip tot
bay of Ben ngal, leaving. the mate and five men _
more on fhore, of which, you. will hear more, in .
the fequel of the ftory.

After we had bought the fhi ip, and fitted her
with all neceffaries tor her voyage, with fome
difficulty and expenfe we picked up fom
failors of different countries, and manned her
tolerably well, refolving upon another voya
to the Spice iflands. Is this manner we. trad=
ed backward and forward for five cr fix years,
with very good | fuccels, aad-were now in the
feventh year going to China’; But in this voyag
we met with conirary winds, which beat
up and down ; and no fooner had we got clean ,
of thefe rugged feas, but we found our fhip.t had
fprung a leak, which ob! iged us to. put into the
river Cambodia, which goes, to Siam.

* One day as I was on fhore, refrefhi ing m y=
felf, there came to me an Englifhman, that w
mate to,an Balti ind: aman, that rode in the fame

at my bg ete: who am a periott. flrauiger. 7
you, but notwithflanding that, I have tome.
thing to impart to you that concerns you very
nearly, and itis the imminent danger you are in
that has brought me to you. Danger ! cae LL
I know of no “danger, unlefs that our fhip is a
litle leaky, and that I intend fhall be rebifedl

as














the yet att oh et lh el

th el

beaten

'

en ee, ee

hn PR
i

at

fen

ViCN RO TOS SO" &,

a# foon as poffible. I believe, faid he, you will
find other employment. The town of Cam-
bodia is about io leagues higher, and three
leagues on this fide lie three Dutch end two
Englifh fhips, and, Will you venture up farther
info the river, without confidering whether
you Have force enoogh to fight them all ?

-T knew not what he meant by this difcoutfe,
and turning fhort upon him, Sir, faid I, f
know no reafon I have to be afraid either of
the Dutch or Englifh: Lam no interloper, and,

- What bufinefs then can they have with me FP

Well, fays the man, if my advice is of no

weight with you, you may take your own way ;
however, I am very ferry you fhould be fo
much an enemy to yourfelf; I will be plain
with you ; unleis you put to feaimmediately you
willbe attacked by five long boats full cf armed
men, and yourfelf hanged for a pirate if you
aré takén 5 and, Sir, I thought fuch a piece of
imtéligence deferved better treatment. Sir,
faid I, you fhall not find me ungrateful; let
waé beg you therefore to explain yourfelf, and
I will put to fea immediately, Why then, in
fhort, tse maticr isthis: You know very well
that your Captain, with three of his men, wére
killed by the Malagans, and that you, or forné
others that were on board, ran away with the
“fhip, and are turned pirates. Now, Sit, this
is the fubfiance of wnat I have tofay, 1 can
only faither affure you, that. if they can lay
their hands on you, they will execute you
without ceremony.

Sir, faid 1, though no man came more hon~-
eftiy by the thip than I did, yet as you repre-
fent the matter, F think I ought to be upon my

L guard,
- 7 :






wz ROBINSON























formation. Come faid he, it is no matter fo ,
ceremonies ; if you value your own life and _
the lives of your men, get outto fea as fait ;
youcan. Iam very well fatisfied faid I, in
your fincerity and the fervice you have don a
me, Pray therefore tell me what recompence L i
fhall make you ? Only take me with you, faid —
he, and if you find what I have told you to be —
true, I refer myfelf for a recompence to your —
generofity. | / as

So reafonable did this appear in every pars
ticular, that we went immediately on. Board’
together, where we were no fooner entered, ~
but my partner welcomed me with the joyfal”
news that they had ftopped the leak. I am
glad of that:faid I ; but come let us make all.
the hafte we can to weigh anchor ; but whilft
we were. buly in that, a failor called to the
Captain, and told him there were floops com="
ing after us ; upon which the Captain taking
Ais profpeétive glafs, and looking out, faw fiv om
floops full of armed men, in full chafe afte eee
us ; upon which he immediately fent one of —
the failors to give us notice. Very well, faids
1, Lam fully convinced there is fomething in’ | fc

guard, and I heartily thank you for your cr

Bo&ee A wo te 6 Ok Bae 4. pet

ot
ened

it ; and fo I went upon the deck, and told the, | &€
men they were in danger of having the thip. |
feized, and being executed as pirates; and | â„¢
afked them if they would faithfully ftand by) 9 tt
us, and by one another ? To which they u~ J te
nanimoufly replied, they would ftand by us, |
and fight for us to the laf drop of their blood, © | W
Then I afked the Captain, which way he» | ot
‘thought was the beft to defend ourfelves 3. w
who replied, he believed it was the fafelt to* 9 at
; kee 9 ow

q
gu so @, 123°

keep them off with our great guns; and ac-
cordingly the gunner was ordered to load the
guns with {mall fhet, and to bring them to
bear before and aft: And thus the deck being
cleared, we were in all points prepared for an
engagement.

We fiood out to fea, but ftill the boats fol-
lowed us very clofe. We could perceive the
two foremoft were Englifh, which were ahead
of the Dutch by two leagues: Hereupon we
fired a gun, and hung out a flag of truce, in or-
der for a parley ; but finding they bore down
upon us with all the fail they could, we fired
upon them with! balls, and then bade then:
keep off at their peril. But all this fignified
nothing ; for, depending upon their numbers,
they were abfoJutely bent upon mifchief. We
made feveral fhots at them as they came for-

ward, killed feveral of their men, and funk |

ong of their boats, and manning out our pin-
nace, we faved three of theirmen from drown-
ing, who were brought on board. After a
very hot ation, we got out fo far to fea that
they could not purfue us without danger ; and
fo, changing our courfe to the eaftward, we
got quite out of the courfe of European fhips.

When we were got out to fea, inquiring
more particularly into the meaning of all this,
the Dutchmen let us into the whole fecret,
telling us, that the fellow we bought the fhip
of, was an arrant thief, and that he ran away
with the fhip ; that the Captain was treacher-
oufly murdered, and that he and four more
were forced ta the woods for fafety ; and that,
at length, by means of a Dutch veffel in its
way to China, that came in er te

take








124 RO Btls eK
















take in frefh water, they were preferved. |
farther told us, that they were informed the
the fellow fold ‘rhe fhip at Bengali, and fhe w
turned pirate < and had taken feveral prizes.
After mature confideration, we conclud
it beft for us to return to Bengal, where, t
ing known, we might beft prove how we came
by the thip, and. where we were fure tg
meet with fome juftice, and not be hanged
firtt and judged afterwards : But, upon fecond
and more deliberate thoughts, we all agreed
that, by pafling by Batavia, we ran too great a
hazard, and therefore we determined to change
our courfe, and fail towards the coaft of China, |
and there difpofe of the thip, and then get ane
other, and make the belt of our way to Eu
rope, This being generally agreed to, we
fieered away N. N. E. but, meeting with eon=
trary winds, which blew hard againft us, our
Voyage grew very troublefome and tedious,
and our previfions were aimoft exhaulted /
and what was fill worfe, we were apprehen 1
five, that the fhips, whofe boats we had hand
led ‘fo rudely, might be in the road before us,
i which in confequence muft be fatal to s
Upon, thefe melancholy confiderations we a
gain refolved to change our courfe, and. try if
poffibly we could not make fome harbour be-
longing to the Por tuguefe. With this refols :
tion we fet forward for the bay of Tonquin,
in ‘order to fail from thence to Macoa, a tow :
once poffeffed by the Portuguefe, and w
there are {till many European families...
We came in fight of this place early next aE
morning ; but confidering our former cirgum=
flances, we put into a {mall river, till we had
inquired







°


‘vc UR ty ts oy Z- 125

inquired what fhips were in the road, and how
matters ftood ; and indeed this prudent Rep
was the occafidn of our happy deliverance ;
for the next morning there came in two Dutch
‘fhips, and athird without any colours; and
in the evening two Englifh ones.

The river where we lay was but fmall, and
the country wild and barbarous, and the in-
habitants, all robbers, having no correfpond-
ence with any other mation ; and among oth-
er barbarous cuftoms, they have this particu-
larly ; when any fhip is driven on their coatt,
they immediately feize her, and make all her
men flaves ; fothat here we fOund ourfelves
furrounded with enemies, both by fea and
land.

As we found our fhip was very foul and
leaky, we thought to cleanfe her in this place ;
but while this was doing, the inhabitants, who
I believe, had never feen a fhip upon the ca-
reen before, and not perceiving our men, who
were at work, prefently imagined that the fhip
had been caft away, and lay upon the ground;
and accordingly they furrounded us with five
er fix large boats full cf armed men, witha
refolution to plunder. the fhip, and carry the
men away ilaves to their king: But, when

‘they faw our men at work upon the outfide of
the fhip they looked upon us with the greateft
confufion imagNeable ; neither could we im-
agine what their defign was: However to
prevent the worl, we handed down fome
arms, and indeed it was well we did, for in
lefs than a quarter of an hour, they came
feeuring upon us with all their ferce.

hee - Indeed,

















426 R A Bi-ls NoS ON fi

indeed, we lay but in an ill pofture to receive
them, and before the men could come on beard,
they had feized one of the failors; but the
fcllow foon difengaged himf{elf, and killed the —
pagan that frit laid hold on him; however,!
this was little to the purpofe, confidering their
numbers, and I really believe, if it had not —
been for a lucky accident, we had been all
loft. The thing was this : The carpenter,
who was flopping the holes in the fhip, had ~
two kettles, the one full of boiling pitch, and ©
the other with rofin and tallow, &c. . And as.
two or three. infidels were entering the boats oe
the carpenter’s mate faluted them with a ladle ™
full of boiling liguor, which had fuch an efe es
feét, that, being half naked, it made them rear s
and leap into the fea; which the carpenter a
perceiving, he took hismop, and dipping it ine ©
to the piteh kettle, fo fprinkled it among them,
that they all ran frighted away, crying and |
howling ib a moft terrible manner. eg
i muit own I was extremely ‘pleafed at the ©
oddnefs of this adventure ; however, we loft a
no time to put the fhip in a pofture of defence, ©
and as foon as we could, we put to fea again, |
having refolved to put into the firft trading ©
port we came near... After fome days fail, we
came within fight of fhore, and fanding in, —
a boat came off to us, with an old Portuguefe ~
pilot on board, who offered_us his fervice ; a
we very gladly accepted it, and fent the boat —
back again: In fhort the old man went with f
us, and as we failed along, I afked him, if ©
there were no pirates in thofe feas. He told ©
me, he had only heard of one, that was feen in _
the bay ef Siam, about a month ago, nor was
fhe @

i)

ng ie ee Oe. et eee
QBS Ei 84 Oe Bs 429
ihe built for a runncr neither, but only a fhip
that the men had run away with, the Captain -
having been. murdered by the Malagans ; and
I can tell you this, if fome Dutchmen, that
came pretty near them the other day in the
river Cambodia, had laid their hands upon
them, they would have hanged every. one of
the rogues upon the yard arm, without any
farther ceremony.

Being fenfibie that this eld pilot could do
us no harm, I told him how the cafe ftood with
us and defired him to carry us to Nanguin
where neither Englifh or Dutch fhips came.
Said the old man, you have taken the right

- courfe to ficer to the north ; and if I might
advife I would have you fell the thip at Chi-
‘na: But faid 1, in doing that, I betray imno-
cent people. No, replied he, I know the
Dutch commanders, and will take care they
fhall be rightly informed of the whole matter.
‘Whilf thefe things were under debate,
we failed direGly for Nanquin, and in about
23 days time we cathe to an anchor in the en-
trance into the gulph, where we were inform-
ed that two large Dutch. fhips were gone be-
fore us, and that we fhould certainly fall into
their hands. -

What to do we could not tell; but the old
man told us there was a little harbour about
“go leagues to the fouthward, and if we could
get thither, no Dutch or Englifh, fhips ever
eame thither, and there we might be fafe.
This advice was generally approved, and
thither by the honeft pilot’s -direétion» we ar-
vived in fafety, after five days failing ; we

r= ghee : » went























228 ROBT NOS ON

‘went dire@ly into the port, and landed to ous ©
unf{peakable joy and fatisfaGion. a
Being now fafe on fhore, our pilot foon
got us a lodging and a warehoufe for our
goods, and then brought us acquainted with —
three miffionary Priefts, that were there con< |
verting the people to Chriftianity. After we |
had fettled a fort of a correfpondénce with —
them, our next concern was to difpofe of our *
- goods, which we did fome time after, to our
full fatisfa@ion, to an eminent merchant of”
Japan. We were 1000 leagues farther from —
home than we were at Bengal, and having ©
difpofed of our fhip, all the hopes we had,
were, that at the next fair, we might perhaps —
purchafe another veffel that would Carry us
and our goods where we pleated. Upon”
thefe hopes we refolved to continue here a
and to divert ourfelves, we took feveral little _
Journies into the country, and {pent ten
days to fee the city of Nanquin, which was
regularly built, and tolerably well fortified a
At our return, we found one of the priefis
going to Pequin, who folicited us with great |
earneftnefs to bear him company thither, «
which we both agreed to do. We were 25
days in our journey through that miferable
country, and had an opportunity in our pal.
fage to fee two or three of ‘the Chinefs
Efquires, with their marner of travellin ,
there, which was the moft ridiculous fight
I ever faw, and rather merited our {corn and ¢
contempt than admiration. : =
At length we arrived at the great city of
Pequin, where we had {carcely been a week,
before the eld Portuguele brought us word, —
Care ae sos that
CR aS Gok. 429

that there was a great caravan, and. feveral

Polifh merchants, in a fhort time, preparing
to go by land to Mufcovy, and that if we
pleafed we might take the opportunity.
‘This was very good news for.us and fo we
‘went to work as, faft as we could to difpofe
of what goods we had at the port, and to
buy fuch others as we thought weuld turn
to the moft adyantage, We fet out for Pe-
guin, in company with zbout five hundred
of feveral nations, the beginning of Februa-
z ; and in two days we pafled through a
gate in the great_ wall, faid to be oné thou-
dand Enghih mules in length.. We then en-
tered a country under. the power of the poor
fbieving Tartars, of whom we perceived fev-~
eral {mall parties ata difiance from. us; One
day our, leader gave us leave to goa hunting,
«when it was our chance to meet with about
forty ofjthefe flarving wretches in a kody 5
‘who no. fooner “perceived us, but .one of
them blew a horn, at the found of which for-
ty or fifty more came up immediately. .Here-
-UBOD, one of the Scotch merchants ordered
“us to advance and attack them without delay.
‘They Jet fy afew random arrows at us, that
did us no manner of harm ; and when we
" €ame pear enough to fire upen them with
our’ pittols, they ran away with the, greateit
corfafion, So our battle with ‘thefe thievifh
Tartars ended without any bloodfhed on our
fide. We fill travelled at leaft a month
more through the emperor of China’s coun-
try, till at length we came to. the city, of
‘Naum, which isea rong frontier of the
Chincle empire, being often difiurbed in our
im pafiage










ag0 ROBINS ON
pillage by ftrageling Tartars. We ftayed at

aum but one day, and then continued our

journey, pafling feveral deferts and great riv-
ers; and on the 13th of April, we came to.

the Frontier of Mufcovy ; and as we paiied,

we found the garrifon was filled with Chrifte _

tan foldiers, for the benefit of travellers and _

commerce ; but the common people were all
Pagans, the moft miferable wretches I eve
er beheld. Whilft we ftopped to refreth
at one of thefe towns, I had an ‘opportunity
to obferve them at the worfhip of one of

their idols, which was the mof ugly reprefent-
ation that ever I beheld in my life. I can —

not defcribe it to you without horror : How-

ever, we found means to defiroy it before af)
we left the place, for which we had like to

have paid very dear; for the next day they
ame to the Governor to demand fatisfac-
tion for the lofs of their idol, and if we had
not deceived them, and got off by a ftrat-
agem, we had been all deftrayed.

The next place we came to was the city of
Jaravena, where we flopped for five days,

and then we entered into a difmal defere

which lafted us twenty five days march, be-
fore we could pafs over it, and were ail the
way infefted with fmall troops of robbers,
but they never had the courage to attack us,
After we had paffed this place we had fever-
al ‘garrifons to defend the caravans from the
Tartars.

Through all this country happened noth-
ing worth informing the reader: The in-
habitants were generally Pagans: and as I

oblerved




GQ RU £10: EB 3 1g

obferved the Czar chofe rather to convert
them by his foldiers than by his priefts. E

From this city, to the river Obt we trav-
elled over a very pleafant country, but un-
cultivated, till we came to the capital of Ti-
beria. And now, having been feven months
upon our journey and ‘winter coming on,
my partner and I began to confider what
courfe we had beft take te fecure and dif-
pofe of our goods and ourfelves : I conelud-
ed to proceed to Archangel, where it was
impoffible to want a fhip cither for England,
Holland, or Hamburgh.

Qne night 1 happened to fall into the com-
pany of an exiled prince, but a very fine
gentleman, whofe virtue ftruck me into fuch a
deep refpeé, that I propofed a method for
his enlargement. He refufed the offer, and
gave me feveral reafons for fo doing: But,
jaid he, I have a fon, and if you will be af-
fiftant to him, I fhall ‘take it kinder than if
done to me. This I very readily complied
‘ with’; and fo the young prince was fent for,
who brought with him a noble equipage,

and a confiderable quantity of furs and other’

valuable merchandize.

When we bad fettled all our other affairs,
the next thing to be confidered was, the meth-
od of travelling, which we concluded
would be beft and fafeft to avoid the great
towns, and take the bye roads. After we had
paiied ‘the river Cama, as we were obliged to
do we came to alittle city on the European
fide, but the people were moft of them Pagans
as in the more remote part of the country.—
From this place we were to pafs a defert 20¢

: miles











igg «60 RO BENSON

miles in breadth, and were fet upon in out,
paffage, by a large troép of Calmuck Tartars,
from whom we did make a thift to éfcape,
but not without the greateft difficulty and
danger. In fhort we were forced to make —
ourfelves a fort of fortification of the boughs _
-of trees, which ftood us in fuch ftead, that —
though we were feveral times attacked with
all thé fury imaginable, yet they could never
break in upon our little compa body ; and
fo, by the ffvatagem of a fire, we got off im _
the night, and faved the camels and all the ©
reft of the merchandize. k
After we had pailed the river Kitza, we _
came to a larse town, named Ofmoys, where —
we heard th® feveral troops of Tartars had”
been abroad, but that we were now paft dan- ©
ger. We came next to Lawrenfkoy, where
we hired boats to carry our luggage; fo we ©
arrived at Archangel on the 1gth day of Ja-\—
ly, aftera year, five months and three days —
journey. We failed from Archangel on the ~
20th of April, and came into the Elbe, Sep-.
tember following. Here my partner and £ ~
fold our goods, and divided the money 3
and my fhare after all onr loffes, came to ©
g475l. 17s. gd. At Hamburgh my young
lord took his leave, inorder to goto Vien- —
na, not only for prote€tion, but for the fake —
of corréfponding with his father, and the —
reft of his friends. I came to the Hague,
where I embarked for England, and arrived ©
‘at Léndon on the 10th of January, 1705, after ©
‘ten years and nine months abfence.

ROBINSON -

‘


C oR ‘U SEO GE, 2133
BEI SES ISEB SSS SESS SFIS
ROBINSON CRUSOE’s VISION

O-F TH E

“ANGELICK WORLD.



~

CHAP. 1

Of Solitude.

te folitude is looked upon as a
reftraint to the pleafures of the world,
in company and converfation ; yet it is a hap-
py flate of exemption from a fea of trouble, an
inundation of vanity, vexation and difappoint-
ment. While-we enjoy ourfelves, neither the
joy nor forrow of other men affe& us : We are
then at liberty, with the voice of our foul, te
fpeak to God. By this we fhun fuch frequent
‘trivial difeourfe, as ever becomes an obfruc-
tion to virtue: And how often do we find we
had reafon to wifh we had not been in com-
pany, or faid nothing when we were there:
For either we offend God by the impiety of
our difcourfe, or lay ourfelves open to the vio-
lence of defigning people by unguarded ex-
preffions, and ceoafequently perceive the
coldneis and treachery of pretended friends,
when once involved in trouble and aMliG@ion >
And fuch unfaithful intimates (I fhould fay
enemies) who rather by falfe inuendoes would
accumulate miferies upon us, than honeftly af

Git us when fuffering under the moft artful |

M and


ah) RAOER SP NEE ON

defigning men. But in a ftate of folitude,
when our tongues cannot be heard except by
the great Majefty of Heaven, how happy are
we, in the blefled enjoyment of converfe with
our Maker! Itis then we make him our friend,
which makes us above the envy and contempt
of wicked men. And when a man converies
with himfelf, he is fure that he does not con-
verfe with an enemy: At leaft, we fhould re-
treat to good company, and good books: I
mean not by folitude that a man fhould -retire ~
intoa cell, a defert, ora monaftery, which
would be altogether an ufelefs and unprofita-
ble reftraint : For as men are formed for foci-
ety, and have an abfolute neceflityand depend-
ence oneupon another ; fothere 1s a retirement ‘
of the foul,in which it converfes with heav- |
en even in the mid of men: And indeed no

man is more ft to {peak freely, than he, who ~
can without any violence to himfelf, refrain —
his tongue, or keep filent altogether. As to —
religion, it is by this the foul gets acquainted
with the hidden myfteries of the holy writings :
Here the finds thofe floods of tears, in which —
.good men wafh themfelves day and night; |
and only make a vifit te God, and his holy |
angels. In this converfationy the trueft peace —
and moft folid joy are to be found ; itis a con+ ~
tinual feaft of contentment on earth, and the ©
means, of attaining evérlahing happinefs in —
heaven.




Gi ROG O8YG WE. 135
Gift AP dl
Of Honefty.

E ONESTY is avirtue beloved by good
men, and pretended to by all perfons :
In this there are feveral degrees : To pay eve-
ry man his own, 1s the common law of honelty ;
but to do good to all mankind, is the Chancery
law of honefty ; and this chancery coutt is in
every man’s breaft, where his Confcience is Lord
Chancellor, Hence it is that a mifer, though
he pays every one their own, cannot be an
honeft man, when he does not difcharge the
good offices that are incumbent on a friendly,
kind, generous perfon : For the prophet Latah
faith, ch. xxxvii.7, 8. The injlruments of a churt
are evil : He devifeth wicked devices to deftroyihe poor
with bing words, even when the necdy Speaketh right.
But the hberal devifeth liberalthings and by lberat
things fhall he ftand. It is certainly honefty, to
do every thing the law requires: But fhould
we throw every poer debtor in prifon till he
has paid the utmoft farthing, hang every male-
fa&tor without mercy, exa& the penalty of
every bond, and the forfeiture of every inden-
ture: Why this would be downright cruelty,
and not honefty ; and is contrary to that gen-
eral rule, 20 do to anvther, that which you would
have doneunte you. Sometimes neceflity makes
an honeft man a knave, when a rich man is an
honeft man, but no thanks to him for it. The
trial of honefty is this: Did you ever want
bread, and had your neighbour’s loaf in keep-
ing, and would flarve, rather than eat it ?
Were you ever arrefted, having in your cufto-
Â¥ a
136 ROB IN SON

dy another man’s cath, and would rather go to
goal than break it ? If fo, then indeed this —

may be reckoned honefty. For King Solomon
tells us, that a good name is better than life, and
28 @ precious ointment, and which when'a man has

once loft he has nothing left worth keeping.
GH AP.) IT

Of Immorality of Converfation, and the vulgar Er
rors of Behaviour.

AS converfation isa great part of human hap-

pinefs, fo it is a pleafant fight to behold a.

{weet tempered man, who is always fit for it :

to fee an air of humour and pleafantnefs fit

upon every brow, and even fomething angel-
ick upon every countenance : Whereas if we
obferve a defigning man, we fhall find a mark

ef involuntary fadnefs breaks in on his }0Â¥5,

and a certain infurre€tion in the foul again ft
te tyranny of profligate principles.

They err very much, who think religion,
or a ftri& morality,difcompofes the mind, and
renders it unfit for converfation ¢ for it is
rather that which inffires us to innocent
mirth, indeed, without a counterfeit joy, as
Vicious men appear with : And indeed wit is
as confiftent with religion, as religion is with

~good manners ; nor is there any thing in the

limitation of virtue and religion, that fhould
abate the pleafure of it, but on the contrary in-
ereafe it. :

But on the other hand, many men by their
own vice and intemperance, difqualify them-
felves for converfation, in being of ners

furly

4



tes i Bie kin Se. a wii


crus 0. 137

farly and rude tempers, though they boaft .
themfelves otherwife. Converfation is im-
moral, where difcourfe is indecent, immodeft,
{candalous, flanderous or abufive. How great
is their folly, and how mnch it is expofed, by
affronting their beft friend, even God himfelf,
before men, whofe notions are uncertain, and
yet who laugh at the fool when his fear cometh !

The great {candal atheiftical and immoral
difcourfe gives to virtue, ought, methinks, to
be punifhed by the judges : Make a man once
ceafe to believe a God, and he has nothing
left to limit his foul but mere philofophy.
And how incongruous is this to government,
that a mam fhould be punifhed for drunken-
nefs or fwearing, and yet have liberty to af-
front and even deny the Majefty of Heaven ?
If a man gives the lic to a gentleman in com-'
pany, or perhaps {peaks a word without any
offenfive meaning, he flies into a paffion, quar-
rels, fights, and perhaps murders him ; or af-
terwards profecutes him at law with the ut
moft villany and oppreffion. ;

The next thing to be refrained from is ob~
fcene difcourfe, which is the language only ot
the proficients in debauchery, who never re-
pent but in a gaol or a hofpital ; and whofe
catcaffes ftink as badas their difcourfe, till the
body becomes too maffy for the foul to flay a-
ny longer in it.

Nor is falfe talking lefs to be avoided : For
lying is the fheep’s clothing hung upon the
wolfs back: ’tis the Pharifée’s prayer, the
whore’s blufh, the hypocrite’s paint, the mur-
derer’s fmile, the thiet’s cloak, ‘tis Joab’s em-
brace, and Zudas’s kifs; ina word, ‘tis man-

M2 3 kind’s




138 kG BIH 8 GN

Kind’s darling fin, and the devil’s diftinguith--
ing character. Some add lies to lies, till it not
only comes to be improbable, but even impof-

fible too: Others lie for gain, to deceive, de- 4

Jude and betray: And a-third fort lie for
{port, or for fun, There are other liars, who
are perfonal and malicious : who foment dif-

ferences, and carry tales from one houfe. to -

another, in order to gratify their own envious
tempers, without any regard or reverence for
trath.—

C BA. 1
Of the prefnt State of Religion in the World,

| DOUBT, indeed, there is much more devo-
tion than religion in the world, more ado-
getion than fupplication, aiid more hypocrify
than fincerity : And it is very melancholy to
confidér, what numbers of people there are
furnifhed with the powers cf reafoa and the
gifts of nature, and yet abandoned to the grof-
eft ignorance and depravity. But it would

¢uncharitable for us to imagine, (as fome Pa-
pifts abounding with too much il! nature, the

only feandal to religion, do) that they will
certainly be in the fate of damnation after.

this life * For how can we think it confifent
with the mercy aad goodnefs of an infinite be-.
ing, to damn thofe creatures, when he has not

farnifhed them with the light of his gofpel?

Or how can fuch proud, conceited and cruel
bigots prefcribe rules to the juftice and mercy
of God ?




CUR OT VSO RE: 236

Weare told by fome people, that the great
image which King Nebuchadnezzar fet up to be
adored by his people, held the reprefentation
of the fun in his right hand, as the principal
obje& of adoration. But to wave this difcourfe
of Heathens, How many felfcontradi@ing
principles are held amorg Chriftlans? And
how co we doom one another to the devil,
while all profefs to worthip the fame Deity,
and to expe& the fame falvation !

When I was at Portugal there was held at
that time the court of juftice of the inguifition.
All the criminals were carried in proceffion to
the great church; where cight of them were
habited in gowns and caps of canvas, whereon
the torments of hell were difplayed, and they
were condemned and burnt for crimes againit
the Catholick faith and Blefled Virgin.

I am forry to make any refletiinns upon
Chriftians ; but indeed in italy the Romifh re-
ligion feems the moft cruel and usercenary up-
on earth: And a very judicious perfon, whe
travelled through Jtaly from Turkey, tells us,
‘That there is only the face, and outward
pomp of religion there : that the church pro~
te€is murderers and affaffins, and then delivers
the civil magiftrates over to Satan for doing jul-
tics ; interdiéts whole kingdoms, and fhuts up the
churches for want of paying a few ecclefiaitick
dues, and fo puts a ftop to religion for want of
their money : That the Court of Inguifition
burnt two men for {peaking difhonourably of
the Bleffed Virgin, and the mifficnaries of
China tolerated the worfhipping the devil by
their new converts: That Jialy, was the thea«
tre, where religion was the grand opera ; and

that


40 ROBINS OW

that the Popifh clergy were no other than the |
ftaze players.”

As to religion in Poland, they deny Chrift to
he the Meffiah, or that the. Meffiah was cone
in the flefh. And as to their Proteftants, they
are the followers of Lehus Socinus, who denied >
eur Saviour’s divinity > and have no concern
about the divine infpiration of the Holy Ghoft.

In Mujcovy their churches are built of wood,
and indeed they have but wooden priefts, though °
of the Greek church : They pray as muck to
St. Nicholas, as Papiits do te the Virgin Mary,
for proieGion in all their difiiculties or afili€tons.

As to Lutherans, they only differ from the
Romans in believing Confubftantiation, inftead
of Tranfubfiantiation ; but, like them, they are
much pleafed wih the external gallantry and
pomp, More than the true and real practice of
religion. ;

In France 1 found a world of priefts, the |
flreets every where crowded with them, and
the churches full of women ; but furely never
«was a nation fo fall of blind guides, fo ignorant
of religion, and even as void of morals, as thofe”
peoole whe confefs their fins to them.

* Now it feems ftrange, that while all men
own the Divine Being, there fhould be fo many

ne

different fentiments about paying him obedi- _
ence inthe Chriftian church : 1 know not what
yeafon -@2ffign for this, except it be their dif-

ferent capa cities and facuities.
And indeed upon this account, we have per- —
ceived in ali Chriftian countries what mortal |

fezds have been about religion: What wars

and bloodfhed have molefted Europe, till the
general pacification of the German troubles at —

the



eo & & O peered ee eh

Geto gg gee mee pte

why wh wt te OD ee ee

ae oh O Mm ae my

OA


Bo RAR 8 BB a4t

the treaty of Wefiphaiiz ; and fince, between
the Lutheran churches? And fhould I takea
profpe@ at home, what unhappy divifions are
between Chriitians inthis kingdom about Epifl-
copacy, Prefbytery, the Church of Exgiand mer
and the Diffenters; and where they withfand
one another like St. Pau/ and St. Peter, even
to the face 5 as much as to fay, carry on the
difpute to the utmoft extremity.

lit might bea queftion, Why there are fuck
differences in religious points, and why thefe
breaches fhould be fo hot and irrecencileable ?
All the anfwer I can give to this; is, that we
inquire more concerning the truth of religions
than any other nation in the world; and the
anxious concern we have about it, make us
jealous of every opinion; and. tenacious of our
own: And thisis net becaufe we are more
furious and rafh than other people ; but the
truth is, we are more concerned about them,
and being fenfible that the fcripture is the great
rule of faith, the flandard for life and do@rine,
we have recourfe to it ourfelves, without fub=
mitting to the pretended infallible judge upon
earth. , ; ‘

There is another queftion pertinent to the
former, What remedy can we apply to this mal-
ady P? And tothis 1 muft negatively anfwer,
not to have us be lefs religious that we might
differ lefs about it: And this is ftriking at the
very root of all religicas differences; for cer-
tainly, were they to be carried on with a peace-
able {pirit, willing to be informed, cur variety
of opinions would not have the name of differ- ~
saces; not fhould we feparate in communion

of
a ROO. IB OE AON ae Ov a
44 >»

Let us, for a while, enter into the private and retired
part of his converfation : What nctions has he of his mifi 4
fpent hours, and the natural reflux of all our minutes on to i
the great centre and gulph ef life, Eternity ? Does he know
how to put aright value on time, or eftcem the hfe bloed
of his foul, asit really is, an aé& in all the moments of it,
zsone that mult account for them? If thea you cannot —
form an equality between what he can do, and what he
fhall receive; lefs can it be founded upon his uegative
virtue, or what he forebore to dggand if neither his neg=
ative or pofitive piety can be equal to the reward, and to.
the eternity that reward is to laft for, what then is to be- ~
come of the Pharifec, when he isto be judged by the fin-
cerity of his repenrance, and rewarded, according to the
infinite grace of God; with a flate of bielfednefs to an end=
tefs eternity % shies i =

When the negative man converfes with the jnvifible
world, he is filled with as much horror and dread, as
Felix when St. Paul reafoned to him of temperance, nght-~
eouinefs, and of judgment te come: For falz, though a ~
great philofopher of great power and reverence, was a ucg= —
ativeman; and he was made fenfible, by the apofile, that |)
asa life of virtue and temperance was its owa reward, by
giving a healthy body, a clear head and a compofed life ; j
fo eternal heppinefs muft proceed from another fpring 3 —
namely, theinfinite unbounded grace ofa provoked God, —







who having erefted a righteous tribunal, Jefus Chrift woulé
feparate fuch as by faith and repentance he had brought ~
home and united to himfelf by the grace of adoption; and —
onthe foet of his having laid down his life as a ranfom for a
zhem, had-appointed them to falvation, when all the phi-
Jofophy, temperance and righteoufnefsin the world befides, ~
“was inefie@iual ; and this, I fay, it was, that. made Jala, —
this nggative man, tremble. 2

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