New-York weekly tribune


Material Information

New-York weekly tribune
Portion of title:
New York weekly tribune
New York tribune
Alternate Title:
Weekly tribune
Physical Description:
25 v. : ill. ; 55 cm.
Greeley, Horace, 1811-1872
Greeley & McElrath
Place of Publication:
New York N.Y.
Publication Date:


Subjects / Keywords:
Newspapers -- New York (N.Y.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- New York County (N.Y.)   ( lcsh )
New York (State) -- New York   ( fast )
New York (State) -- New York County   ( fast )
Newspapers   ( fast )
Newspapers.   ( fast )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
newspaper   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- New York -- New York -- New York


Additional Physical Form:
Also available on microfilm from the Library of Congress Photoduplication Service; New York Public Library.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 1, no. 1 (Sept. 18, 1841)-v. 25, no. 1282 (Apr. 7, 1866).
General Note:
"Weekly" sometimes appears within title ornament.
General Note:
General Note:
Editor: Horace Greeley.
General Note:
Published on Saturday.
Additional Physical Form:
Publication date: 1841-1866

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 04899480
lccn - sn 83030280
issn - 1052-7389
lcc - Newspaper
System ID:

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Preceded by:
New-Yorker (New York, N.Y. : 1834)
Preceded by:
New-Yorker (New York, N.Y. : 1836)
Preceded by:
Log cabin (New York, N.Y.)
Succeeded by:
New-York tribune (New York, N.Y. : 1866 : Weekly)

Full Text

..-.. .-"'- -"-' --


I ~:r~ .7

vo. YTT .....No. R12


V%.W( T Y AK'1 A Yk.&AV

ONl A Las Dowis -M, m o W T, nmang sitS aTteoffive wide
.otunneeach,aad .cain. t her tboiceet gen of the aIly ,evo.atn r-
reeondene4 aori. roettog -B .everu thoundz of dollar, pel anrm)
with i eiaiBd J ,eTiow of the Week, pra..-d rpmir1y lor LOi P&3
r, ad ,mIis *be e In the mont cgmvpft and reaioe form.
17, ' Smyeompetor Lathea mtilncry. It d aordid totb 5.e who en"-
6ci]ad. 1t 92 Pe Wmanue; three %opi, b 6; msht aoptQ. fur
10; T" E T COPSI.S to one add= % _- 0-p_ y zt m i l
uWae beis reqiredIna dvanuer. Whn the tmnrpaid for h u-d
Bui paper c itoppfd.; go that no manm need fear of bcme annoye- ah
bllis for paeri he lrier read and did ant r AdLeriaemanIn thm
apz mr i" hi 30cdegnutsa-lie eacbhi oa... . ,. .
Ab' pA m renattLn A aibove will receive thne thmnku o
ie iibtelMre. No qeatee Maeogi ad go ma other principal.
b pn~if yd w TU6DAV ad FamaT, At Van TBxIsBCB BD0 DIal
.ornis o( K~am, &and Spmce-ai&, orpOqle the Oi = 4 P (3
pter Lanm ; ta o copla fir 08: tat re O.
IupnblNte ,Te6T. monins tensmdi exiepred) at the wome r ... It
Sn t ia np bli relish credit e part o the nijn rt F,'E UL-
LaRS per unman in adlvane.&
Ibuiljdl i oD the departure of each SoaiMnhyM ail Slowtenaiesi
r emIb per copy. m
upebbohed on the de-rmie of eubh Ma'] Steamer (or iAverpooL.
Froe B ksent. percopy, or" per yer, to jy ipart of Oreat Britau,
or 4 to the Cotientm.

Troptsym of the Hebellion-Com. Aulick and Col.
I laralball-Opportanity of Foreign Interference.
T ie foluwring lette from Mr. Ta'itr reach-d a by the Araobi ard
thl n b we have tll unpublhbed a number of co.mmmnicationa deoMrb-
io m Ii tou in l India, we lgie Lhisi toE a r irnderB itn advance. A-they
wi] I sacohe Li eone to o e seal or cjvii war in China, and will have ibe
be lemeans of obtain srcorrect information. We Shall bear from him
by every mAil. and shall print hBIs rrpfrta from lois moot iotereung
w r as meon u they are received. tleanwbile we fiall edieavor to findd
r i s for hi. Indian letter, which are ltUn aasoitaly intereetltn.
S[ED. TiuiouNE.
5 ( MACAO, Marct 2.), 18M
S1 cam here this morning in the U.S. steamer Sue-
quehanna from HongKong, and leare in her t-morrow
morning at 4 o'clock for Shagbhae and probably Nan-
king, having been appointed Attahebb to the Embassy
'by Col. Marshall for that purpose. The Mississippi
-as not yet arrived, but the Saratoga, Plymouth and
.apply are here. ...
.You must know that the rebellion in the provinces
-' ta gained se much power as to threaten the stability
o f the Empire. The rebels have taken several import-
ant cities lately, and at last advices were advancing on
NEanking. It is feared that the latter city is already in
their hands. The Emperor is alarmed, and has re-
aneved from Sea, the Commissioner. who is now at the
jeat of war, the dignity of the double peacock's feather.
About ten days ago Sir George Bonuham, the Guovernor
of.Hong Kong, received a message from the Touty ot
4%hanghae, requesting that some British vessels of war
-should be sent to protect ,that port. This request was
-immediately complied with. i[r George left in lthe
--war steamer Hermes. leaving the Salaimauir, Lily.
w d one other to follow. This is the tirst time that
.any Chinese dignitary has asked assistance of a foreign
'** 1ow er."" -*;**! *.*
But for the perversity of Commodore Aulick, who
hias just left for the United States, our Government
might have furnished this assistance, and thereby ob-
..amied a claim to further concessions on the part of
China. Colb Marshall1, a month ago, foresaw the
Present emergency, and requested to be conveyed to
Shanghae in the Susquehanna, but was very un-
,graciously refused by Corn. Aulick. It is charitable
-;to attribute the officer's conduct to his bodilyin-
*.firmities, for he has certainlS acted in a manner
.u 0est discreditable to his station. During the late
i trip of the Susquehianna to Maunila, the sloop-of-war
Saratoga conveyed Gol, Marshall, in ,hiw character
'.f Envoy, io lbampoa. ImmediatelyoCoinm. Aulick's,
return, he sent a peremptory message to Capt. Walker,
of the Saratoga, to come bask to Hong Kong, and sub-
Sjected him to a Court Martial, for alleged disobedience
of orders. The finding of the officers c.maposing the
Court weas, that Capt. Walker waa not only not guilty
S of the charges but that he would bhavebeen justly
amenable bad he acted otherwise than he did. Corn.
Aulick's course in this and other respects has been a
source of great annoyance and disgust to ill the Amrri-
ean residents here. His successor, Commander Ba-
.ehanan, on the contrary, wins good opinions on all sids,
by his frank, prompt and conscientious discharge of the
.duties of his station.
Col. Marshall, finding no authorities at ('antonwho
Were empowered to treat with him, has determined to
S go to Sbanghae, with thr expectation of proceeding
-to Nanking, where Seu, the Imperial Comnmissione-r, re-
.mains at present, endeavoring to check the progress
of the rebels. It is expected that the Japinese Expe-
Zdition will rendezvous at Shanghae, and the Susquehanna
S will therefore do good service in the meantime in sup-
porting the Embassy.
The rebels boldly avow their intention of overthrow-
ing the present dynasty. They exhibit the greatest
kill and judgment in their operations, and their career
is marked by a succession of uninterrupted triumphs.
1They retain no city or fortress which they capture, re-
spect private property, commit no outrages on individu-
als, and seek to conciliate those whom they conquer.
he consequence is, their ranks are continually increas-
j ug,and unless cheeked before long, they will succeed La
it leiru- aims. i'The Bdrish steamers ostensibly gu up to
*I otect British property in Shanghae. It is not known
wh ether they will do-more than this, since, should the
ret el succeed, the probable effect will be, to open all
pars ef eChina to the world. The crisis is intensely
intei'eating. It is the first time in nearly two cen-
taries that the Imperia Government has been se-
'riously menatced.
While these great movements are going on in the
Nout-h, the foreign populatfionof Canton are in a state
of great excitement, on account of an attempt made
by the French residents to hoist a flag-staff for the
tri-.color in the public gird,'n o" that city. The Eng-
jish. Ame'rican and Danish tiags ware there already, bur,
the French trade and interest are considered too insig-
nificant to sanction one for them. The dispute rages
fieSce and furious, and bets run high on both sides.
Philosophical persons attribute the quarrel to the low
state.of trade at present, which renders excitement of
somine rt absolutely necessary.
The plates continue their depredations along the
oouist. TtL Hermes brought in fire piraric.3 junks the
other day, whicb she captured after some resistance,
without )n. theJ0if a man. Thirty.ive persons were con-

evicted and sent to Canton to be executed. The bayis
not free, but I have heard of no attacks lately. There
was some firing last night at midnight among the islands,
butl nothing has transpired in relation to it, .
Dr. Boring, the British Consul, has gone to Java for
a few months. There is a rumor here that the post of
Minister to the United States has been offered to him, in
disatches received by the last mail from England.

Am the Railroad Excursion Dinner at Niagara Falls, on
Saturday, June 4.
Gov. Szwmaw being called for by Mr.' Mumnford, of
Roehester, left his place at the table, came forward to
the front of the platform, whilethe entire company rose
and gave him three rounds of cheers. As soon as the
applause had subsided, he spoke as follows:
Pardon me, gentlemen, that I have left the place where
I sat, in order to come neaurer to)you. My voice, like that
ofmy old and valued friend who called me up. i not strong
enough t)o be heard abovl the tumults oftl .: -"aranct. B.,
sides, remember that you are the Legislature of New-
York, and that I am a Senator of New-YorkintheCongress
of the United Smiates, and that the time advances when I
inmust rend-r an act.ootn of my stewardship, and I desire,
therefore, to come near enough to cultivates good under-
standing with those to whom thilt aCanuit is to be render-
ed. G:- nimnin. I do not know that I hive an enemy in
the world. Laughter] If I bhaj-v any enenies, you all
know it, perhaps, as wells I But, wb-hther I have any or
not, and whether they b- I'.-w or many, youu will bei-ar wit-
ne-s that 1 have never made anv complaints against them.
But it is nct so with my friends." There never was a man
whose finends took grater Libcrties with him than mine
with me, and tbiy ku1,w that I ai 0 lieR apt at telling thbim
what I thiak of their conduct, andit is of fritenda that I -mI
going to complain on tlii out,. Sevrntuen or -igitee-n
years ago, more or less, I pitt mj hind i intony p a ckit. anl
my E.igihbors nrud friends at Auburn, Sen-iea FAlI'.
W\aterloo, Genueva, and C aLandiguaia dia the aimn.-.
Andd so, with cur uwin metno3 hand cltud, irm mi.di a
railrtcaul conne.'ting it 'r, i'-'u wit b TL uCapital f
tre Slate. and with i ti Wentr-ru vulla iRs an euadi-s
We have alwayssince- had ihr i-yr'ymnent u f o e-wintI the
Eset and the i't piurtng thtii r,.A-ipr, i A] diud; of inrn,
arid travel through iuur prmsperis.a, i,.]. [ think mu will
admit, biantil'ul ton-ns. Biut ju:t now it bra been tImnid
out 1ha1th by levingi all tbes, hw,,a iand ihbtr rii,,lroil on
i b',.ft. anir B epaqg duwiI ILtih -%.- nlL-y .lI'I tO. ,tea i ana l,.
ner I, ii n ir liij- tI p1io u it.ul, 1u 1i- a ma.] twentl-"oa Il.
ill tbe dint-,in irumin A.LAi.'uy to L3ilalai' And Ithe g.-,.l
tfrienlld- tf mione tn i 1L at AlbIAy -nyaun ela'-Itr rod. 1 ?rI
rO.iiand i,. t, hi\ .niiniLit l a nire nral,,t .] oii'J hg Ihi'- ,. iv ntm.7 l[,
whbli ,I lld-o in Art ti be i-., line ,,t b: hUir,. l\i n a Iil in
nelgbornneandfri,-nJ' At Aubut.i anti 1u ,t:.n. r ipl ni. it',,'i I
have I rointion,.d with Tli e,-i:l in eumpArnuti'o i-ituld,- up in
trr s.cust',mcd hbill luti'.ngt, dii ti ihi, Ilh .y ni'' .ul,-
(cmenni hi t' o c l.' brir'at, with he mI m ir ,-'f the l -atira:t th,
seaifi.'T they bae v mutde nsf us. br thliy ask m- to bind the
varl,,nd around the heads tf the i-..tins lILangbtr]--
1\ el, gendilt-n, I Ibh only iasy (cin tb-it pretit ti i tliey
I iN v Liu wll in thi3 o,..,ais-on .a3 on i every ,,tli.r, w oil
we wha tuhatbtl tboe Ifertild billl, h-lve atelcudy tlk.In rntre
u' what ]fvhr.lad ti .our nwin w hrlint- 'niul tierl:i i. 'v tiave
nit-ver ti.ppoei tibe- ilcrie-i te a tt",In liny Wevlt -. ri"u iti l or
in(il. aL [inzt bru-id,.r in] h igh-r tri-iAstIC otf the Stlt l- or of
tile republic'. W'e ha'.,-png[t,:nl ur vot,-s and aunr
litraJly andC ciritilIly 1i to e n, .ir aid d.1.-:tt lrr .,-d
whibe ((cn'pltiioo now i s ciltuly, as we
had before gir,'n aur uipporn librally and ci:,rjiitty
to the N-w- or: rind ErieR rlrad, tinat n brought intro
cnnrLi ,,L c l[h tJih ,8 I LI '"LC ltI' '' I ',, di -',.-Plr i' rV ll ri
Rau1 distriefis of lh.I- 6unli. an0 l t& lit- Lind': L'aiih umdLLa.
anud Ondenaburgh Ujialrouad li-t broiight the n.i:,.'lt,-i
mioural regkin, Li tb--: North into OiOIittaI.tiinilo ',li
the rpiliiilete atnd mxlat..rinr',rd of Ner--En.'-tnid I
do therefore, in behli lf in' my wu-n imnined nt fhu."i .-.t.,
zeriens, as well as of uL11l the ul Wes-isteit N.,uVit-,.l:,
tender (tn.-rutuia t, n nerarnt- niud s 1n-.ter. ti h1. C-tw'rr.Al
Railroad C'impiany. artrI t] tLme Leci.lture of ihe- Slain
Iupon the completion of this is h..-rttnt ,nt-rpri.'
But, g:ritlumen of tde Cuttl lithlr.M.rlJ C',iimpiny, I
mustiI t-ll vini rnt Ih sam,- tim-, with all frre-.l.m. yo
do not gt't ri-I of your old friends so easy as might be sup-
posed. Youhavegol to caty passengers and rumigrants
fromthi Capit.,l to tne Lkri-s fAnter lthan you hiv- n.,rr-md
us to-d .Y, liagulhteIr.l or elsethe new lines which we are
opening. by bnidgng tir.e rivers and tunneling the
mountains of Puirh l aIi, owl.iT'._.ey, will en-
able us to re.ah [be C,,mmirciird Mhltr..piln,, befaie
you. '[Applause j Gentirur-iIu ,'t the Legislature,
Iagrie- tith iMy diZtirigni.hed friend, who first addressed,
you., tin ath,: your coming here on this occasion. Indeed, Ib. ,niy i IIilt
to Le fund with the Leislature in this respect is not that
tihev hare 'ume rj l .. -t. t. bur i [ 'il ]-;it rUtnh t t..' ihtvo .:i.lim
l'tbn and Ilig sao. 'Te Legilature ilfN- tv.Y.irk bahinver
bmffre ctinita, nndfedl nI l,, k upouu tbe lntril. tinlt. Irin.-
ttaLijg plaiofins l', \i't,-ra New Yourk, kr',vwn aul a'liTiufd
tlirubighUut tim, wbr.le r utiry ai lth. garden ofl tb.: S.te.
Certainly you have sufficiently economized time in this
your first visit. But you have devoted to it two days, that
day of one week when, exhausted with previous labors, you
are, perhaps, unfit for further duty at the capitol, and that
day in another week when it is forbidden alike to those for
whubii la wsi are mu.rd,:. and thou by whom laws are made.
Iio Lfbor at all An.] -Vn Lhen you have not traveled
tLr'.rtrh New -Yark, hut have flown over it atthe
rati ui onry mile-, al hour from the Capital to the Niagara.
Only think, gi-nilnano, how little of all that was to be seen
in Wo%",-rnr New York yunu have allowed yourselves timeto
see. I (.rd,-r to re- ch ihe Cat.iract, v",Iu una- lfr pni.,n.ut.-d
lthe beritIulJ tbhuigO urn pruin'ldiii s tIls at C,-hoi- s, and tbe
Trnainti, (&zcad:, lr In.-nt-in. wliue Ir,.t -elinn s. atirArais
even the tourist who~is familiar nIb the. 4.aeri-ry i.If SinS .
erlaud. There is the river whiab Muor, i:aicbrt1ld if'ty
yet.,I ,ago In the lines,
Fnm. n.,' r-.rmorn to set of-sa l
I've seen the mighty Mohawk runt"
You have not only measured its banks throughout its
whole length, betw-Iee-n bre:a-ai at ind dinner-time, but you
have crossed tii otuteidia. the Senca and the Genesee.
You did not sufferyourselves to steal even a glimpse of
-tii-rr litu Oat-ego Lko, or the Oneida, or theOtiSaco, or
the M i-kne ,li-' uor the (intndar-., ior the Seneca, or the
Cayr "sidmt)' yo vru would bm a aioreli'to pilgrimage
to a-.c itti-r it it orily lay in a foreign land. .[Applause.]
Now, te pass 'r.:.a ar-, Iur, lo man and his works, you have
boundedwith --equal-p.:-d. I rn.unt otuy an ilh ;D.liff.:rnnre..
over the meadows of Herkimer. MiLuatgcm'nory And (Ir-id-;,
whose dairia asunpl p.the niirko th.'f lb E mrntriiIl. o.nI
the -whatt fi-ldi of Genesee no i.i mnro". whi.:l I-nuirn b.h
manufacturers of Lowell and Birmni gaham Yui iave
sk;Irtoed te tauralt ihru-'h it- whole extent fromm tidewater
.au lrL. ]ak I,,J vi.nlu [, i im.1: i8, t 6rvi mhe ,rahes upon
whichit, r'.sn b.i' ",ban Itiqe I, I. iarne aniJ the Gen-
esee? Not ybou. Did .you stop ti iaol; at t.-: tmv.,'vi.iJ
staircase .by which it rises from thi l"i.e- .*f tae (c;i-nie
to that ..f Lail- Erie at Lockport? N.-.t Y.,i a ainot,
howev-r. have f'argotttn k. py Ih i: tribute of aldmirii[;,n
and] cf gratitude to the genuja ot Lie Witt C(iutuni, which
aclevnd- tLat siuprendouL' wrk otf physical *mpriv-mont.
the Ilo'itet geniem that lth- Sinlt" rf New-York has produced.
V% hat do you think of t h spirit an.] the intelligence of the
p-oplro uf 'isri-rn Ne.w Yirk. who absolutely forced upon
the m etrop olis tih nce :tiion ,l" that great w ..rk w ht,.h ias
tltecd hi-r from bLt tu a me-re pr,,onint(]n' a.iim I.,aI trwn to
be- the caller u.f tIme cnrntm.nto at the '.i-stern World?
Did you ut-',p to -u'- whm-r. ltie philosopher of Sche-
jnectady educates statesmen for the country I Or to look at
>the other intiiunri,'od far the increas- an-I dhtint,,,a
ef ;.oi0nildge aimon tan, at Clinton, thaull m, Gien-.-
va Lima, and R,.he'-f-r' Did you bestow even a
tioaight upon the charities of Western New-York? Did
yOL ontTer thb botri he- due to the memory uf Bri.-:h in who
ait Lr;ia perf'e- tnd the art of the cure of nut', ,1 nnunst?
[App'unst- 1 Or tha!t equa-lly dime -. thre genius andphilan-
tirc-pjy abh, It cou,.meinu anit pernta.--l-d at Auburn the meli-
trinub,,ti 0l |.-ui;"ii-," ,hiiii-yuineiim.h etich has been adopted
r. -." n0 -veina' cnrai'g'-il'i ('hriietiin lrjn on the globe? [Ap-
-pla- -e -I T', passed by .ll thr;0e, 5 }-ru 's-,.d unha.-eJ,.,i
1.1 [r 'ragh .Hnd l l h >. ft ii' '*;l,. i i h .'*';r ,, -.P O' ;',"',.;,,,
-\\, 1.ju ,, ('m, ii.-vnI, ( in *Ii.-ia u. Ri'tt-. t-r Li., !.p,:,n and
Ih 'f,t'l..-tiI;ci bitd[ witlhOn I'em rrf d lAb,-,r. etl|[i Ui en .' anj
-.- ountl a i rti-..t a.lls, a. llt tln- a'**[-JIlin l It..i'a l 'nlr ,.'I ,l '., in-
ni W .'II. g;rtnii;Jcn 'i- in. 1 utn!^ r n;i- n lit.l-pfiti 'ii r -i1: int
nlt .- ln miim tn, ,, ar.t-rn N '-w Ynr 1 Ihtilu k .nnr....t it-
1 iiv ,s niy we-ti e <" use- the wa- a,:- ,,"f y.,irr lime in, i-ti ,u
I lh .'...[il l for it [Luiihtuir.] An..l turiC awh.nt 1i 'i,',
I a~ Yin-na t LetI ins ban-- n anndcr,'imiluigs '.iit -it.:lna It
ai that part of the S'lae which his bt-!n adi-i-i t,, Li., terr-
tory since it was a colony A hundreds ye'rtr ago or turnre.
ab"h|it, il-- 1, (,o v i-n l"iii, a pfiitiu,,n *t li- f-, .)" Lf tb ,':':
.: L ,gund I.) the efll.c! that thiS pt,,,r pr,-,vinc,

n II eedllile.L VJIV.I

with contain t, on account of its inaccuracies. He could Having concluded, the question was taken on the motion


chiefly of Hudson's River and Long Island, was exceed-
ingly annoyed by the depredations of the French and In-
dians on its western borders. Western New.York is the
addition which has filled out the proportions of thit lank
and scanty province into the dimensions of an empire,
reaching from the ocean to the lak,,. Ana we stand on
its western frontier, in the very heart of what then
was New France. f Applause. I' But, we must not
waste precious trime in boatin_. Western New-Y.ork, in-
ded IN6ew I.oric. herneh", ieavE5 it to ,othir commuaaitit- to
celebrate their own gTro6:trs She has be-i *ilwiy.? the
most modest and the l,-as exacting 01' all the Stte-s ia
the American Union. She seeks not gratnoidi or glory for
herself or by herself; she bo',sts n.:.t of ber.-li, ,he e-ven
does not reply to those w ho, unable to uniider nt and hrr,c hb iL-
leange her virtue, while they wonder at her prosperity and
admire her power. She seeks gr.itnesa and glory only
through the greatness and glory o th. broad Republi', olf
which she is the social and ccmimert al soul, and 01 wUieh,
as we trust. she will ultimaltiy b.- the- p LiEisi head. We
c-lebrat. thit c.cca .,i'n is we h.iar e'brtivd .tb:-rs wiobh
have gonal before it. not as the development of any new
policy or the consummation of any no'w n', but
as another advance in lb, old and well iStti-,J piully of in-
ternal improvement irni al: tied to us by nature, and so
adopted from the earliest period by our statesmen. V; Whit
we have dine nuvw, we have done not friiii choie, but
from n .cest. i in ,:i.-die-,cc. t,, the etring(r t I i (c1f im-
prove nm-rit which inhrri, as o,.dliion iri the very exist-
i-nce ot the State. ThIt crnjiiuon is that he lCry of New-
York,our s,',ii lan'] ..,,nu'.r;-,I ruLjt-1r.miaist reiudn un Intl
mtut, rnd vital ,iner n .',n with l the 'e-teri rgkiun of Amer-
!i,. You all rmen.,ber the firit enterprise wti-bh wag
a-hbievcd under that law. It was a the Liue ul"f the ',.nod
Queen Anle, v. bin t it \VWrt.-r-n r,-gin hbid already extend-
ed utelf beyond the Imits of Cimmnuipaw. that the Leia.
larure of New-Ytor., tEudighten-d aiw, worthy i' |;iririgng
been your preda so-iirs, tu(,i.6 nira.,ri to pr,[.irni a wagon
'r.:,sd from N',,:icek, on the banlt -f thie Huds-in t, o
Sterling Iron Wrirk e on the bri.rd.--r f" Oranie Cc..iuty, and
appr,:,iatId from tli- puLl;k trir.,ary, \ onrdr tu carry
tlat tht grer'jt r entrptito i eii ClitY'.t, Ith .un ufl !,,) pounds
-.urreny (Latiughtr I Bit that i .' 1iraldent a well as
enli:hten,-d L ,gilhtiua, lor it sbt;plulit tLL b Wore the
muUey thuiild beo p i. 'h.- r.-.Il .ht-ulI hi.r md.ii. wiii D'inough
fit two w '-,.r t, p.E, I n',i the btiti119 [t the ir, -s _i..,,Jld
be cut awiy high enough I. %dmit tio, p;Ym4,ll .i't a chilli.
ILaugltir I FTbiii t1`1 'I ur'; IID I Ooi, "l,, bau b h ill iberAl
L.rli.-l dur,'a JDd -nlirprt;ii ,:i[,:, r, w Ch li r" iip rjifJd.
rirat rinly ti. inland rivrr., through which tir- wattri of .Su
periar, arid eiren wa,.r' tributajryI t tthe M;,il,-,ppi, nr.w
tJow and int,-riinokle with i, Wat,-r u, tb.: [U.lU-Jn. but
.l-i. t.r;,n.:bhig ri\'-rg through I "h r:ll'ye oF ir Ite'ii Chd-
nargn.OClw,-g.', SOine.CA .iLdGeie:C which ar i'.ingtngi in.
to (One eotniluiit tad,. thei tr ido of the 4 m)nlnt-.i fruac ro-;ions
winEI 'n-r.1t t i l;,e.> L.:y lm unt iii.-. Siiqll-,wjrdl .toi ih ne.
sf. nke .'id n.:rthw ,'tii' t i w her r-'\-dixint;un p'ii3,.i ia tin i
presence of eternal snows. [Appliaue i ,:.oentiir-i,-n, we
nave yi-li er Li-r., tblo. at any period in Oaur history, to anti.
cipate lI,- rt e.--it, or the a,':it -.- nt-a of the next
twenty years. There were thsie. who itiitci.-n yerY3 aZ&o
thought ine i & fan ifu] and pr .palte6i,.i. whi-n in att[imit-
hiL Ib., i[' ,-p the: o ntt.J I' lt I th.t thLre lUnD: Of
railr'i.,, qiLtuili rv to tlhi'i, caual, would b\r ni,'->coiry to
te, .:i-'e thi [ 'rid- aud t nI'-n .U i Hi, f'rirtitr ti the St:.!t.
asd Cuudu.l I th:ti lt It-i: a ii.-tr,.,pi. Ni.w, n'l oiitly
iri r dJ t] tli e pr',j-t,-.t- d r.AlroadI in 3u,:,i:e [iil oC .
er.tliD,,u bLt there ar- sOmii other, wl;hich, ivth.-
in aittlh'r esnr' ill b-b tn in pi-ration aJu:., auti wi.3
ai ad. t:ip ,li i i-q .irut- ,ur i h r i ,ir-ls ni-ill bh t. [hr-
dlma ta', ,f te in in] ?.,nirner':c of qn Ernipr whi. h
re.rbe fr'"it ,i i, i- n ic i l i-6'IU. iii'i I't ",i L LIiL 1 tef M .':i"o
tr. niiIr th. Ar tl L'ril.. fib, tr IruLth .I rtti .,, ; itmply
thib 'It,'-%%'t .-bh wi- hr,- i, t'1) il T| Ni-nwv Y..,,
C.'.iirlUaJlv nn.ies alj ',.a3.-a iti': i a N ie L iE .-'t 'i1.
ru thiiTn,. -r'UIt wi.m.L, i ribr nt- ti 'W I ,, Ly u, D n,.- L Lh-
lasEI livet ht i, [, n.-rd N,-Iv. .ii. 'tiiiN:ic-, N.... --'iirk
pI-nba. New.Yi:rk c.ipit'dn, Inrit grinqip ar bidl t. a p A',.s ae
throuplh N. -. Iorl I t ritul'y, I,-hW e .-riM j hr..:.IAl',t lm
ulf N-. Yi :rk, tILe .-iUtr,,r.. i:- t1 il- P' ,.' U.--- in ard rm ,f
You acpI aud rhii .i sll ,u ii lirU-ilat., i.' N..'
York, liw, -0 the, la"tft-at is "aJy iua.lnife'uin but.rc q6 i
WVll. 3 -,ii. it! [f il wli evrl-'hII Ar, e %ILtru.: mi -n
Irui- Ne V, .urkers [T II t ,". i,-a[ I ";l:,.wv t., wi
dI, it. I liiiv.: up ifr t,., t..i' I r-uld nir.t -. Lk .,.isi
.1 livt., nor t.rult I epa ik .p it-u,,t gri..ti s6Er),:,ittLUio, d
i.t ,ii r t.'- W t.out rl"-,.lkiuig :-rji, tirn.-, uUil-i" Iirit.ln
et'aaai-s 'Uith '-n vuir'.ut"r1u ii.-. tail iinDclp li- ii.ia'lr'iu.'tI r-ip
.ibhl;tv wlii h this r.i-li-t-iraiuin hiS twlka.nd ,iu I h,,;,ln !it upri ttuh tbhetnii.of the mi.iiouc ut Nic Yi.ra
Eli-er man i ,S a m;r .,tiin 'aind every hi.t1,hli in 0LoJ
an fe.'gr,-:: rtir t n' n b ,$ ir; mi nizm;,t l I im iju, S -..'w hsi,.
I]' O .it.'niil a. n.: teliv.r in !i ll inif-,t D-t.nay but I i til.U
yon whbat I [ihtrhk couitirut..o t'b ,.-: ti i.'uiofa itadudlViil aiand
W hat l Oli ll' ulz; [ it1-i; :..."1 I'l" 't .t ll". F. lit:Dn.l= iE bo'on
ftir nhb .ha. manu -. ,i! n-.-...r ri:trii cull.]iii udji. [. his
b,-n Ei.,-nt C'r-ator. S.' .iiii. 'l i i. i.,p--r it'-. intbpl .iifiu lt,
free. it[.'. i- e .,I a State- 'r N u, i t- i' .i L"i j I'.-1-.lred
It ihLe hn.' ,li' thel i r Aluti ht.V Pr',.:.- L i- 1 ate- ri-,id
tilti rlli.aii ;, f'l.r ii r-'ieiLig il h; inrrltfre rid the Iha-l pi
r,-i t makin:,d. wh.i,.vmrrthe individual man oan
d o io mpinrc and ,,ratte tiut-r-u' and the condition of his
tu ,rU .' i d i.-t m'Atlkinlil, lo ,.i li ;it : ti. rI ,-., it le
1 1i1%ii .iuivi Uiunr A iut '.i i. *t ilTv.'.l .-i .',ih', i.'-,itri5nu.ily ." in
dit to iit rlr ,- iti ,,. n waitfrr-. i::.alr It ,wu ihrral iJliuit'y,
and to increase and exalt thin w.Ifir.- and I. digri,,r i.if'
mankind, tog duo it th t ;L th.t m-i'iiu ,:,1' at aLT .ir Nat,-in
[Appliun -e 1 Ift' v.u i--i .,ld k .-.w m -r. *!-. tr ilnrli tH l ,'..
Hi'ii If lIi:', I wilJ ti-ll yv, liii, ru .ii id it Sti .',' dili-
5lZ trl, itN i : iprIA .iert. Al['lau-.I (')ir,,idr it.- c,-uti "I and
,i'iniiitmrr ug podi in pu thle C,.,,tin-,r, iiluv,' L,.itween
ii.t,.nilr. ,l I .titud:u. .un [i-i nonth ri andl ,., th,: .tult and
ier-lIt .to L-thims bltw,-Dn inlaonl w itsro arid th, ocean. Con-
sider i e i urtce r -ri[, otntiid- niflu, lfor h- u-: if i"T-rl.'al
turE and ii.Ln!l.tI..iLLr'.'; y i t I i!i rl'' ii 1: I 'In,. riiui n. ot
ei-rv teod ,-,l'har,_.iir uhLr- hib.h. r ,'Oliand or w.iti-r (.'on.
sidrilthe- r :.,ur. n-n ai'f mits 1I"-tv te iia tr.A .gran!n Li4 rlim i'er,
'its minirsl rilh6a 1.r .alt, gg3,PnUi. LI.kd ,ard last and best
.ufl rfl], ( irun, tri i'-+luI-f n.g l iii i. Iritllu i. Then con-
sid-r ii. iri, :ll,'ail and r,.,urc,- il three millions
ofmen and voin-n., a and im t'i.i'i-d a r.] k fri.n lj]
dhn EtLrupOrnD i Ir c? atL] Ir,.i .LLU at-dr it -Ildl Chn :ii in
men and wiiii.ii C.-ntid r thil t -i ",'iTl -.a, i h LbiJioilis
coming up to fill the places yet vacant in this
rich and broad' domain. Ihinhc then of the position
of the ( .rit:n,_La i sa-.1t ituated midway between the conti-
nents of th. Old Wi.'rld. (' ir th.-? w tluo' tt.rin o
those continents, ,separated four thousands years aeo,
are now tending andconv,:r.-in: to!r Lna hi t l-.Iy
.mnstmeet upon this one in r hlii'i ,N I- i, ..l tlll it In
rhu:'ir, c,.,u;,.'lr ii,- pr,.ii. D whli.h Nr v-York occupies, and
ii t ot-LjIun i r ., ih Wvli-it h:b tenj'js hbr existence; consider
a,-r q ",).I<.iti,: .ta.d I-r .rt,-1 ai-rader what she has al-
ri-Ady i.inrt,, -tid rh it,. a nji run- what she yet may do,
and von have before you the mission of the State. Gen-
JIti-cri, I cannot but think thai '.ur .,,.-:I :,i imunderstood
all this along time ago. My e.%-,il, Eti fr1r- here (Gov-
ernor Hunt) will remember that in the days of his
colonial predecessor, G:.i'rr-i, Flrtcher, their Majesties
sent over a seal which ti. v hai, dr ised for the province
of New-York. It wa, '. i-;r ti- di ,.an apt and ingenious
device that was impressed on that seal. It bore the i titi, ;
of their royal nri.jrt- uppi',rL.,'r- ;l.;.ld ; on iti shield
wj-.,- itL rin-,i n,- r a % :(.Ii i i a ': 111i- nt land ,rAl water,
Lib1.-.,ih wa.n cr t t-u ,_ nimtt,:,. ii'" et flem,' freely
itr rnt1-:d p-:rlip':, F-..;na Lut Eiih[;li Some time in
the tempestut. p,.r,..j '';,. :ar au..r.stor s.rvisedthe
seal; they effaced the effigies of an ungrateful and unwor-
thy King and Queen, and put in their stead the figure of
justice blind but armed with a sword, and the figure of
liberty vigilant, sustaining her banner. They erased the
motto, which d.;i_.-ri.t..l t1L in toa ,b;-, t,. a-I,,l beneath that
risingsun, as i ,-tZ it; br..i ,l dd, Ii-.'L, It i:.r hill-top and
ocean, they inn'rih.- titi wi',rn " ii -, I' *thatdevice
andt in at h n.-,i.. ar- r.-itr rxir-d hi "' i tu 'atlili the mis-
sion ,i" it-w Y':ri., ,,, ii'- i-, -:i'..i .--t It hL. to mainain
ja' rnc and eit-rn.l li], rty An.l i'. in 111 i.ning justice and
(s-rttd;n_- Iibrny. toascendhigherand higher [L,,ud amd
prolonged applause, the company rising and (:r.-., ]. ; i

SENATE.. ..ALBAYre, Thiuday, JingO.
The r .anrltunoin prip poing to amend the Constitutionin
respect lo eli, l iota', .l., ,r,: rcttSJ from "t,- A-'-eaibly,
amend.] i.n [I-.- \\'a ,i liar-
Mr. COOLEY and Mr. CONGER both rose. The floor
was given to
Mr. CONGER-I move that the St-niit ii.', i -:an- ar
Mr. (irlI.[L' -I move th.- S,-r.ut' d, ri.,', i...D.: ur
The C nA il;-Tt,. two motions are equivalent. To vote
down the first is equal to the latter.
Mr. COOLEY then addressed the Senate. He com-
menced by an examination of the speech of Mr. Jones,
which he characterized as rather fabulous. He hoped he
was not the author of what purported to be his speech, but
i- i a l_,d hbeen widnl diiffuied thr.,aih the maile at the -.t-
pi-ne o01 ibo Statt. fi, thought he whuld expose stiire ofits
fals hc,'ds. od, clanons misrepresenLatiun and misstostemr-nts.
It was Laialy printd, and was onlJ entuiled to be noticed


a L

with contempt, on account of its inaccuracies. He could
show the author of it as a malicious falsifier.
Mr. CONGER. I rise to a question of order.
Mr. COOLEY. The gentleman will reduce his point of
order to writing.,
Mr. CORNELL. We must have something of this kind
in some ohape or the other, and a call to order will only de-
Mr. tONGER'S point of order was that Mr. Cooley was
out of order in designating Mr. Jones as a malicious falsi-
The'CHAIR did not hear the language used. If the lan-
guage hid b e-n uttered it would be out of order.
Mr. JONES The honorable Senator from the First, so
amiablein his choice of languatige, will nut deny it.
Mr. VAN SCHOONHOVEN--I do not underitond the
Senator to have so stated. He said he would, in a certain'
contain agency, so favor the author of the speech-but he had
nol yet)ro dione.
Mr. COOLEY said he was speaking of a fabulous pro-
duction, extensively circulated among his constituents to
do him injury. He rusted this honorable body would not
deny him the right of self-vindication. Mr. C. said before
he was impertinently interrupted by the Senator from the
S.. v,: niL, he was about to answer this great speech of the
ser-ason Aftera fanforonade of flourish about the Senator
from the liid and himself, the speech intimates the conde-
sc. niorn c thbe S.- ,aalir (Mr Jones) in mingling in the de-
hute, it launche-s lf'th ribnta ',uRzrnDtu>trne'.us Balrnbarnor
lie! [Great seniati>:in in the Snatle ) Ii stat-meuit .ini,
false, and the autn:.r o-f l-im kn. wr it to) Ie nit riuica]ulus
falsehood; and yet he hb b-.-u 1al.ding the m'niil with it
day by day. Assuming false premises, he has built upon it
with utter recklessness Iof truth, thei mi.,st -rru,,rdinary ...
sertions in respect to the lbore of ithea .Senuntors frum the
lat aud the I I[,.
The ane-rtii'[. he mli., n-iTiht be ,proved as well--just
about ss wall 5 if it tiw,- -t,.d thiut ,i, eloquence of the
Senator from the IXth had, before he left Newburgh, mov-
,il tLe l',l-L ltl M,,i 5 t-ii;ri ,''.,.o t:- ihie Hudson (itu ir.:.. That
Sciarr'i m-It.-rt ti Iurnm the' --nir.'rs from the Bt aad lid
iout (if thb Dem,)crti', pirtiy. had l,.-n futile.
Mr '.*dedi tu ,urDl ii. the speech of Mr. Jones in
dd.: lj. Tiiii Wh :i-i.d t, bl lbarriiurre, r.. i;. ,,fall ihr'. ai..,-.lii.l. 1 ; .:ir li t, ii n i that
rrbit -i.fl'ihas6 wh, o st,,od upon tli c.'l,.rrl I etufldo plat-,
fnturi. RletlUv ite ilJurrtnii, Set,- tr, whenhe was in one
(i h- ti snug d. o:wz- or ilu 'Stti- 11 t il, n-tn.iTing thn ptil.lio
arib. itIr ,,-ir trrm thi- IXth With i3 .n Surv,'.yor G- n
eral,) tli. l ile ni llI bi L l.f, the t n. 'el if iwidomu. Tlih.
ilai, r-'i.. i- p,.lit -.,Il r-n gntg La ..i a i u A 1 L,. .L-'. r t t1 ; l- lvre to
,i- h.: AJnin;r ratld ..,i. Ant'l r.. ill mn i 3 i- areP coming
n..iw, thet i -i um .s '-nis worth sornet-hju,. fr tl,, Adi;nistria
ti,:,n ritrine2. ,. Sl.ltt- in,] N t-tiun.l, >..:l-ri i b a t:'.we-d p,.,i,
ith.: rltutp,.. wh- ti t in thi.. u. izr., BiT i.-. Plt'.t.r'ri. Mr
-'., in v.-ry i.itt. r tr i., ch ir.i j..ri:,-id ihe w .,) hab ] ',I
serted the nomination of Mr. Cass. in 1848, and declared
that their perfidy seemed to find favor with the N..t)nild
Th..'rii dr.ff&nc- of the Sanutorerr fr.nimthbe Ist and IId
s,'i tiri It, bL. thf.t they i,,tly n ri:f',!.i'. to come upon
the Buffalo platform, and turn to the Barnburners. It was
ni:- w.indr hii y e0:.V ,]-ri:.uiinc_.i by thi- S._s .utih.,r frc)m the
JXtii, ho f. ..r a lung r. ,t ... n'.i u h 1.1 .1 idill a on
it he f,.-l- e grinui.tone' ,'i f d ark lantern-a4, spirit
rali.pijngfic, oh-,iulr. Hispris -cb hIm inundated tle Ist
'-no ll-i S D1 ,,ilti'i Dit,-;,:- Tr,; hlrtediI0 Iiun 1in ou1ght to
hia,.- lived iL-. six Lhundred yi',irsai., Ht1 wi.,iald have
ridide t ,ar fr.trr sBns.'ii')n It eeut, hi. ieffortl l ptn.cure
tif'ic -ri-m o the G<-n.ti]J G"iV':iliiltti-nt lirled-i:-rtinIy very
sihguljir, s;L-:- i e cm-i j II .' bo tho. pt'!,v '.f C-ti i Pi..roe- ti
lirAih mnc.-it ..t lh;i" I on thua-b wh.. Inve libored to
cltat:. ui. .e-iLtuot Li-rwar,. ith. Nu..rib -and Sluutli iLt p-..hti-
(;itl rf i t .ud.s, i h.,- i .l tm- t -I fritiail li iimlln) .l
Itii ;,i nijtt-,r ti-f uli.,, iuhnert t h-it lia S,.n.itur from the
]IXth Nbws i'uj-ni ,ical
A6 firlhi,,i- .li, h,. l Mnr COOLEY) nuver',belonged, or
ir,.iv .ed l. i.l htit,.1 ti, f'r mpItir.,id wiltb. i,i B.tirrntauirn.
er-.u rer LI. ,iiini] ait,..ur- -c m,)nirei-l m.,c-i nf
feg 'h ii i'i|-pi_'puin t a mid 'nt. e inruumi evr i'i.tirtiI .'liqu,- ai1,
hu ,rr it 1 a ..,i.,] i i' *: I.i, ti-s i ,i i. ,,i- n o th .- L iiulry
-hi Ll iLrt j iDer-tr-uri-n.i d .Irw, ini i .LttrV
Mirr 5" L iu rd I' rum J/.. .'tii i'.' u."':,:....e A 'a ,l"
O t .'. leit whern: Mr. .J.ii5 iti|i, r',0ii-' i. iii- te- Prc,.
deti.ti l'h- trn oLr itMariiii in liuertii .ind Sm-ti I5 G.ite,.
Mr (I' hl- i it ifit-iup Ir the admiirai-.n .1 iiti, Sunt-.
ILi0, liIJlet thu tiiihOI JilirJ A 'it-A i,,r avhLu. said Mr.
C., a la,.,iu.r;at. Gavi-r'I n Lr ,ial.i rnot til,1 honors
enough t, h!t.',-iiir outhn riii r-.. nrd him for his perfidy.
He then reviewed the history of the bolt of 1848, reading
BjunL uiiutniiJ-ril, [..,ti ii Mr. V io jiurain' l,.: lti[r, the younger
V'an Bir.-L'5 .r.-I.lI &c,,ar,-nl ,:,iii'ii-.u tih, Barnuburner
pIryvIi to iivu.- ,in-lIrd down to a little clique in the garret
ofa i Al ..(,... t.j,'.e
Mr. JONES would not descend s-, li,,w s, to r,
i lhD.- tiEaie of personal abuse and Ttiipr',leIld ai.ui[t.
It is 3.uat I respect to the honorable body that no reply is
Mr. COOLEY-That is Ili U. h:ul wvy of 0h.- lrnbur.
ner., and it is wise. T y hi',vI .tmil.. d m" wniriti,,uly,
siland when I-, piv, n" liivt, b I.ti- tlI'I-r beinll im mt their
jihr'i,. The ,e ti[ .1 b,-a t.. br..aL k Liu .1 -ih li w lith h
people, and especially with i ;, i,,4'hVi u 7L-.iv 't S .n.n
ator should have considnrm- il tall.ii Li. ti, t ituied his
?re I. Thlie p-.)ple will judge who descended, the man
ib i abii s. i,- the manthat repels an ri'ti.autiLiiAut al.i.ui k.
Nfr COI.NELL wondered where th"-' i.;evency ,it Mr.
Cooley's speech *as. But that speech had shown the
point -biitl tlh iDin rf'.'ui adraiiitrAtin. in nitiJn and
lit'. L- di-ri, j It It vi ,;-. r tI I.- ti,.irinm Lth-
lrlt trjd hrS .,.i'iirit,-,ri hrr laibri I r ,g ti. i i-zi iiut. Thu
whole burdi n -.I''ll fiF" t ii th'- b',. -ii I. revive th 'hiitll.
culti- Aind differences of opinions of past yearn. lhi,,, B;,tii
-eiti, ,, -. *ncerning which the compromise iT..,-.iir'. hid
settled the question. But since the administration at
Washington had sanctioned the union of the party, these,
individuals had during this session, introduced a Canal
la in..i'o., IhL. b,.,by if.I',Lki u ,-...n politicians and dia-
titl.l.,ii tt -d h-itr *inyt
Ilr VAN SIt'HOUiNLIOV i0 N-ThPe Governor introduced
Mr. C'i -hNLLIL-fr. G,.-. marur asked action. Theco-
.ii.r-,iL... L 1..J. -t .a ndtheydid. Theydefeated
tii- bIll w.h-h.b w,,ulid h It epu l-t canals into complete or-
der; nothing would have been heard of the breaks then.
He hoped the speech of the -. n itor wr nul.l td-i pulbitshed,
as t ..; r. .' i i , ,' it :. 'r ilr u '. "-. thi" 'uttit, ': Ad qnini
a.i'r'un- r, for Utl .iriIII mad. his appointments from one
br:t-iiih L.' t ilie. trlt L"t tih: speech be printed without
biT.r. ubi-rild tIi, il: t,.,r- it,.iu ri-eview of those who
.re t,-iiiit h ri-an. I 1t w i,t i i ,r.jure the party which
ruled the nation, and which he trusted would long continue
to rule.
Mir. OTTS-And L;,.'h vou rv n .tributedto break upin
1848. Gr, It u ,-. .i. in ltla S, in- ',, I
Mr. ('(_RNI-LL--i'he n.-?. pirty. the coalition, cares
as little for the Erie Canal as they do for the Pacific
Mr. OTIS.-Does the gentlemen refer to the State officers.
Mr. CORNELL.-I refer to those to whom the remark
belongs. He then attacked the conduct of those who had
defeated the Canal bill of the last session.
The Whigs had no party during the ,i atnrpaiign. salnd
can only have one by the aid of renegad-'f Tie e ir..m)
tcr,'t ori n. .-',\.nrin I,, r-scue the Str,- fr.-mn the, tiLnta
eiJct of the- ( nal Li, ttin-r.. 1851. W'hir is the r'-.son the
beC',i..r i'ruL, tiee tliL has, o..w raked up hLliti uir .if 1848?
1% h1 u,d b3 a:.Lt t.j., ti:. a.;t with the larrbluriir in the
previous sessions ?
Mr. C. proceeded to speak of the Tax feature, as the straight
forward honest way.
Mr. COOLEY-There is a Tf ry uun:..-es.'nry epen.iture
of breath here. The Senatcr nfri't the XXVIthA, a,.g
with a set of Barnburners who endeavored to break up the
Union and convulse society, presumes to call others de-
serters from the Democratic party. This is amazing. Shall
the proofs of his speech b" rubminted to the revision of the
bnc-nr.a.,le SenatoLr from the X.Xrihh? The rascals who
have dt'amedii him it~lailie of tbe- Captill and th, haunurnble
Senator who Lhve alt.itn r.d hut inside, reputilit,',d rogar
nc',iii',l.i, and now cl.ibtn lo bh the Democratic pntry!
and ee'k to drstroy the o'd par '.
Mr C. aftir eulhugiiag tihe Lieut. Governor, statedthat
he (Mr. (.' I had gone in f,.ir tl,, ].leijt,:,.n of the perfidioua
Sp...aker tf the HoDiaS-, inJded, his triumph was achieved
ar hb lMrr C.'s) lodgings at Congress Hall-and the un-
'--,tefurl r.,lurn hail b-.e.n tr,-ibu.nry Srnud abuse. To his as-
launi.-bm. rt., lhi, te-I(tti--n .w.3 "it ,DnC.] claimed as aBam-
burner inumpb.
hlr (' utt,-rl[ dni-d any lrntentln' to divide the Demo-
crait,: putty. lie oppi',-d i thi i'nrjiaa nel nip f-'un the
A.-n-,'bil- ii "i nirLg fiur, im t'- II.arritil -nr r pr|,lu anr.
Mr (.'(ItNE LTI-\V,'e not lbh.uath.r ,i it a [u, ':mrr
Mr. TABER here called for the special order-the Cath-
olic Church property bill-andmoved it a special order for
to-morrow at 12 M.
The prnpteed am-rrinments t,:, the C''.'iltnti,,n anndi"p,',rrL,
ofcamnu up., fleueatu b-m, on miuii'u tMr Ci.uNGLE tto
cc incur ,.-
Mr. CONGER took the floor, and spoke in favor of the
Assembly plan.

Having concluded, the question was takhon on the motioil
to concur, and ,int, Ayes 6, Neis 19, a i follows:
AyES.-Meso Blaimleri Congier, Corill, Davenport, Pierce, Bog.-
NoEs.--Meosr.Babook, Bristol, CLhrk. Cr.inte., Hunnington. Jiineos,
Kirby, McElwain, Morgan, Monoe, Nawroomb,'. Otis, Pun, Snow, Ta.-
ber, Uphm Vanderitllt, Van Schoos W iiuaimns-19
Mr. BARTLETT now moved Ior a Commirtee of Confer.-
ence on the resolutions.
Mr. BRISTOL moved an amendment, naming Messr".
Vanderbilt, Upham and Rog-rs as such Committe, on the
part ol' tIhe St a at1,
A dii,. ussinir f inu'd untilthe hour of adjournment, when
the whole subject was laid on thetable, and made the spe-.
c6al ,-rdr for t., morrow morning.
Tle ,iiia rn;iiulhti:r to appint a Committee to er-
airn-;ni- the aconsit of Troaeanorer and B;ank Superintendent
les over. ,
The Union on our Mexican Relations.
The Washington Union of Sunday publishes the fol-
lowing, as its leading article:
MEXICO.-'The Republic of yesterday sums up the whole
course of Santa Ana since Ilfis return to Mexico, and con-
cludes that here are all the preliminaries of a war." We
truit and b liraveLtihat the-conuftusi..n i3 premature, hnd with-
out ad,-quate f''iua.I tmon
It ia n.rt t be diAputed that the procedure of Governor
Trims in taking rhiilary posiiteatiun of the Meisill Valley
is both irt, s-lent and i'ohirlh. Grant all that can be said of
the enurrm..uo.3 blunder o'.immitted by Mr. Bartlett inrun-
Ding his boundary line-grant all the additional complica-
tion of the case growing out of the wholly unauthorized
and illegal approval of that line by the late Secretary of
the Interior-still, it is not the less true that, under the
treaty, no line has been run which the Government of the
United Stat. can rightly recognize; for thisiplain and con-
clusive reason-that the treaty makes the joint signatures
of the Surveyor and the Commissioner an indispensable
condition precedent to the validity or the recognition o.
the line. Th ere is no pretence anywhere thatthis condition
in the case of Mr. Bartlett's line has been complied with.
Without touching, therefore, the merits of his line, it is
manifest that its recognition by our Government would be
in defeat of the treaty. To this must be added thII In'lis-
puted fact that the Congress of the United Stit: tii bas
formally and fully repudiated the lineas run by IMr. Birt-
ltll. Audu,'eyuuid -Ill this. AiLd if pl,;,Ible still more to the
pi-nt, tanlOs l- aidlitinitc .nl fc(t tlht Ihe- M, 'illa Valley has
ilwavas bernng(d to Nvw-iMesino, mui1 was, as a part of
Ne-wM,.-xieu, transf,'-red t, to he Ulim,. State by the treaty.
In lljh; slt. t o ui.f t.I, i appt ib i. th tr .r-d occupation
cf lhe vail'.y by tl. M-\ii:arn troop.- i wholly in violation
of thb rights rf the t-nit,-d Sitti-s and f every principle of
ittC-Oational lan, h it,)u.ld t,- inD...iln..O:e> ilf pi-rpetrated by
ar ny natin When i,-rptrattd !.,y M,:,.a:o It Li atonoein-
ior-cic and fill.
"Yet it by no means follows that there must be war.. Mex-
ici-pour. weak, distracted, wholly at our mercy-anation
to whim. h war with theTlnited States must be annihilation-
is in no position easily to provoke ,o ultimate memares
ethf-r the p..%, : mnril 'tr i i ,-t i ,i the Lnited S : uies.
iru-n. sbh e riny ,.., ui.rn p, Ir..-. 6s li-., hrs h prteo.ira nr.sps-
ed, the iirnil: of hUll r. u-inAie forb.-qratice: bat it is riever-
thelesstrue that tt.wIdwa'ds her thi n itura policy ol'the Unite'I
St it-s s [thu-u .y .f a'i.t iiii,'ti-a and of pr-ac.6 It ia
tl, r.Lure. on 'll ,u,.iutnt.rt, tl) o: hi o.-ed. a nd, as we b Lli.,ve,
it i- to b- *:x-a,.-.d, that in r pound,3s to suoh a spirit, the
Me -ntirat autiurit.. K ill up-,n due T,..t.-.i. Uin, aha1141 uii tlh ir
I.-pou iu L-, lf h i.l.,i], tlfm M jiillr vail.:y trh n nis T il.-- u ,Us-
in at issue is 'I qb.rie,;n nf bi-uaidJ"i,' under an exiating"
ti ary , It 1 'ilu ;i h.t .,' in ,,i i.iut.n to .' aI t-
ttl by ii-guotiai-n. \Wlnt I;L.nW ,t 'hd i lh e I'.,Iund] 10
SULlti'iii Iir. nrI W I-- lilirV ., lhem i,. ni-lu,'.ii, thll t It nI M ITii ,9 s
i. -tt ,ij l. t lhre a .r.1n tiaefo both u.I lte .,l ii and of La' [ Trtt--iilii
Sti ai.. liii.d-rr h.h aciri l rln. '-.I, tl is not only criminal
-.t I ,b-u.d ;n ah t ihrm [ tli .-i,.am---mir Trias or forSanta
Af. i ,-i ,ir.t upn sI-ttiiig th,- ,lgnmrtii by force.
V% bile, tltrlif.nrr, we- a', rn.t i,,k f,, war with Mexico, it
is yet proper to say that we by no means regard the
E. ;. ure 4f iti.:. Mesilla itlly by Tris as an admissable pro-
r'eding. R\ e aon iit pr ecive how either the peopJli 'r the
gornrLmirnu- if. lir- L'intiii ,Stah.d inian Iuhnitit to it as a per.
Mauin t disp,. ,i,,ir ..if it t-rrt..,.r ii 1s true tlrst thu
q- :.ti.,- i 'i s b! ,:,-,11 rn, l,... d tby th.: c-rrors of th.- li/te
administration. But. he this ., it tiiav be. we i-ut,.i.-,n ii.)
douLt. fioitn all th-,t ibiiu 1 it ieE t ,..ut '. *i I ib li'.i.-;.n pil-
ic\ ,-'t tli n'i, t iuotuLrtin 'r, .ill .iJi l.- miclArnin haver
alr-alyv b-1,.n ituLi-r. and will in future be taken,toplace the
wl,,le qur- ,',iu I- loih b 'i-rw, ib Mx,,..aun authorities and
the people of the LIir-ted Sita. iL, i t it prpier position.

From Washington.
WAEIiiFINGTON., "'ca-d:ly, June 8, 180.
The Cabinet bas has d I.-n.t ,srru.-xl,'i daily since Mon-
il., ie -,idl, asis supposed, chiefly upon the Mesilla Val-
\,',, "Luke Dodge has to-day been appointed Postmaster of
StLI,-rrfi.u,,y, and Samuel De Wolf, Postmaster of Bridge-
'w-rter, N Y.
It is now said that the Rochester Post-Office will not be
attended to before the 17th inst.
lion Levi S.Chatfield, of New-York, arrived here this
morning. .
Desperate Attack on Father Gavazzt at Q(uebec<
Q.UEBEC, Wtedneaday, May 8, 1858.
Fitli,.r Giavniz-:i ,l veri his Second Lecture hero last
L-,lut at tbh lI-r- (_'hbt,.h In the course of his remarks,
happening to say that the inqaiition was extended to Ire-
landby the agency of Ribbonism, a man in the body of the
Church exclaimed 'iThat's a lie." This npp-areil tI' be ,
iiu,] fi:,'r a, 1rgu party of rowdies which wail gaLh, r d .iut-
siil.,: til" tiur' i, A shower of stones fir.t atie r.tiini
hrnimugh th.- t ind"-si8, and then an inftlri't.-.d crowd urme.
wilt .ii, k6 and uumii rushed into the Church and attacked
Gavazzi in the pulpit, trying to pull him out.
The lecturer defended himself with great coolness and
Counrag., hnu.., invr hi.wn several ofhis assailants, first with
a thobr, unJ allrit tinl., when d..[,ri u, of hliat, with the pul-
pit t,eichb. alab. I l.u t,reup fi.r thLt purpume. Hewas at
l-i yitl, lhriwii fr.itI Ib,., pulpit by one of the assailants, who
gothold of his legal and pitched him over. A farther strug-
le ensued (in tl miderneath, when the lecturer was
nally rescued by his friends. Gavazzi's Secretary was
air,-) ery ba-div tv-atcn, andwill probably die of his wounds.
Se-t ral ladit, aid gentlemen of the audience were like-
wise injured.
A party of soldiers were detached to the scene, and on
arriving quelled the disturbance and -I-.iri--I the house.
ThbmIob afterwardwent to the Pnrlii'ment House, and
called for a member named Brown, who has made himself
obnoxious to the Catholics, and after menacing him with
their vengeance, left for the Lower Town.
A late account informs us that the Secretary of Gavazzi
is thought to be out of danger. The Padre was not seri-
(,iuly ]ninurpd.
.T,. j I' M.-Father Gavazzi left here quietly to-night.
There was some appearance last night of a design to attack
the hotel where he was staying, but the precautions of the
authorities prevented it. His Secretary is out of danger.
Later from Mexico and Texas.
NEW-ORLtEANS, Wednesday, June 8,1858.
The schooner Bonita at this port brings dates from the
Citv .-fiMe-.ico to )the -24th of May.
Ov,-r I,",nwspapi. ri had been suppressed since there-
cent decree.
Santa Anra being offended at officers smoking in tha
Theater, had issued decree suppressing the nuisan.e.
The army had been reorganized and divided into two
classes--active and permanent. The National Guards to
be incorporated into an Active Militia. The whole army
to consist of 91,000 men, including the active forde of 65,-
000, the permanent force being 26,000. The army to be re-
erui td by vt.'l-lte,-.-rs, eniltmiatnt or drawing lots.
h',ia .1,t.s t.m tle 3d tunt. say tbat thiore are probably
nTi hlfepotio itf atgil~l in lhe inter.,ur, iut t,'uo far Below tha
surface for the inetficient implementing uae.

I Time n..-rt.It.-r,, Lnp..rttIn of Frmuch fair -tr itand Mlu truiind-
inr it.'rt t i't,-d-'d, .imi,>rnim'darngi lermn.. a foa l and c.ralTiJl-.t
a lm,'i .',,t o Li e lur'a tLii t.- ba ,i ir h| *p a'o. Vn, r u'h m.alt
Lii .- *at,' wi li't. t' t>' u -r.,'* iT do:,-:. Alt.. -. eer Bu,.'iiarv5
& in fC B --'Ier.uih Lat. l '5. i, Li,.ud I .r lie C ariniAn iul,:'.ni "
*' U [". F'V~ih-t!"- & '.. r- ., -**iP,.,_r1."-?' N,' .,rk._
Ij C-r,,, t'l ', *"I- l' *t,. iml. 'tiJ l .n L tL -.' 1,1 m-...eB
m.^ ii~rei LIIn t .t ccii i ii i n : luuiai- .it iu infi nuiii 'll\ tj nit.- ST,.^
I. ,' r lt'.; l O, ,' ',"*.1 M .,;-" T .,1-- ., ..l. fll. ]-,.I h o .l.,. '.- t.. .
u r-.f ni t r, -. w ll I ,t'- r.r BIt- li "i ,dia i.... i,i_,Jv..ii. ni r. -i '.-
\, .i'. HIl T; ,:.% ,.' |, r ,, ,1 i t"- 1"...-.'! M--'1., ;', ,'l.,J.,,.ii P' M .
It'-tl |.t inl I R l .r.-. rTi. L.I *iruiu. liI,;y; Lt.-ln In'.' "iI[.
1I t, rla.-.L Li T Vi t-al .- rt, \t M .,u .1 . J, N -' ,.i a.
J. ltu. u' ; it* : '.i* - t .i ** l. 'Inr- 'vii. i u1 i.. n i r 'a -anl
ti0v u or, d .u-t.. hl,.n;':tB i ri ri.r[.' .,i i ,.di'a' ri.2 *n '*r p'o'Ji-
rrT' IJ Ir".'. .''u -l- r,. L'. 11 .*'11 ",- [v f' T'-.:l .,,-. '", r.. T r.,1 * *,.t* "*r-r
won ri -a r '.r. T| 1. I hi lie 'et-- ri:>e. [-ta.nie La V -', tu'*"'/d
Itbm-.Leli IL J It-- ,Li.",;,*** .1-ii,. tt. 1-7 noul"m-!l.t., sn.. .l.aoia in
inuiui..I 'n--ni '**. c-V1."Y otaihy* asu; llit,, :lmm Ia'... Ft e-mlt.'1
It. .1. Iltn Biaio, nail' 3 nt.aHgntE t; P~i cadent.

-" ^^miffl i Af

<**- -"-^wowJ?-





After a long silence, the Prince BrLcioi.O-0o this
morning resumes in these columns the place she has so
oftenoccupied to the great satiefacti.on of our readers.
SHer letter to-day published will be found unusually in-
structive as well as eotoertaining. It deserves the atten-
tion especially of thboe who intend to travel in the East.
It will teach them how to avoid being largely swindledon
their journey. All pernonf., both in this country and
. in England, who mean to make that trip, will do well to
give heed to Madame Belioioso's suggestions; and all
who have already made it, may find in herwordsthe es-
settee of a wisdom which they have already dearly paid
for, but perhaps not yet come into distinct possession of.
The Journal of Commerce-a journal devoted to the
interests of Trade, and which has had a good deal to
say in favor of universal and perpetual Peace-favors
its readers with this specimen of its logic with
reference to the cloud gathering on our Mexican
-- It was certainly imprudent in the Mifxicin Government
to send an armed forest to occupy te displ-'.d territory,
such a step being virtually an appeal from diplomney to
the sword; and we are not prepared to say that the Urnted
States is wrong in meeting this demonstration with a
counter movement. We c-annot supposE that Gen Girland
has orders to attack Trim, even if the latter shoall insist
,n remaining., with his troops in the lisputed territory.
All that is r,'-essary either to our honor or safety, is to put
ourstl-es on a par with M,-:ico in respect to o,:cupainy,
an thuns to keep the question of title in abeyanc-e. until it
shall be settled by diplomacy. To occupy the territory
ourselves, and at the same time insist that the Mexican
troops shall r-etire, would be to place curso-lvri in thbe .ime
peOicLon we condemn in the Mbexicans. viz : itiempting to
decide the quetriton of talt,' tenpi-rarily .it lesi. by an
armid occupancy. Eild. r the Me.icanU for.'e should be
withdrawiri and ,'ur own not enter,-or else both nations
EhLuld bare an armed fr.a within the territory; and this,
we tru-st (bit do not know, is all that is at present to be
Insisted tn by our Gvr:-minmnt. The first alternative
would be the salest. bat the second need nnt beget a
conflict, if the comrni.riders of the r,;apeutive forces are
reasonably prudent and forbearing."
-There was an unsettled boundary between us and
Mexico at the close of the last war-a new boundary
being established by that Treaty of Peace, and provi
sion made in that Treaty for its clear and final demar-
hation by a Joint Commission. The Commissioners ac-
cordingly met, found the language of the Treaty some
what equivocal, and set up conflictingpretensions, which
they finally adjusted by compromise. They agreed ex-
pressly on the point where the boundary between
the two countries should strike due West from
the Rio Grande, a few miles above El Paso, pro-
ceeded to run and mark the line accordingly, and trans-
mitted the result to their respective Governments.
Now there is no dispute as to the position ofthis line,
so run by the Boundary Commissioners delegated by
and representing the two Governments, expressly
charged by them, in accordance with a provision of the
treaty, with the duty of ascertaining, determining and
settling this Boundary. True, the Treaty provides
for a Commissioner and a Surveyor On each side, and
the Surveyor (A. B. Gray) accompanying our Conm-
miassioner, J. R. Bartlett, did not assent to thepoint
fixed on by the U. S. Commissioner, along with the
Mexican Commissioner and Surveyor, as that at which
the Boundary strikes due West from the Rio Grande,
separating New-Mexico from Chihuahua. It is there-
fore perfectly legitimate to argue that the boundary is
Snot absolutely settled, and may still be the subject of
negotiation and adjustment between the two Countries
But, while the line agreed on by rbe Commissi',iers
representing each Government may not be deemed final
and unchangeable, it certainly must be regarded, by all
who love Peace and Justice, as correct prima facie and
pending the establishment of another. Neither Gov-
ernment can justly be accused of aggression or a dispo.
sition to apsert its claims by force of arms,while it keeps
within the limits assigned it by the two Commissioners.
To t'lk, therefore, as The Journal does, of Mexico being
required, during the pendency of further efforts for ad-
justment, to abandon this strip of territory, concededby
our own Commissioner to be hers, is absurd and atro-
cioue. We might as well ask her to abandon all her
provinces east of the Sierra Madre, or let us occupy
them jointly with her with an armed force, pending ne-
gotiations as tc, whether we or she should have them in
permanent possession.
For let it not be forgotten that there is another Arti-
cle of the Treaty of Mexico, whichreads as follows:
ART. XXI. U., unhappily, any dims eminmEnt should hberei'ler arite
berwe the bGo.veromeinitaofte iw. Rpntblc.. whfblhre tnit respect
to the. inUtEpretLarOo of ony sripaladpio m iIbi TTraty, or Titib aspect
to any other iriccatiJir cornilring the poutcsol or commercial rela-
ladono of the mo Nrsnons. ithe eid Governimenta, in the Drme o l
tLome Natiown, do promise to each other that they will endeavor, in
the most ancere and eri-et manner, to srio the diff'renc a so aru-
ing, and to pie sroa ith sarate i" pace and frindthiptin which tme two
countries rE now placa tiheEnrel'-es, using tn rthiaaend moimi rpae--
setartioon and pacijr ii,6Otianirn; and i by tbhase means tbel.t toJd
nOt be enabled to come to an agrfeement, a reBsort hall n.L, o ihthi a c-
Ceuan., be bed to reprinsai. ag aed,, cr hi,-nlit l"C anyJ kind, bv th
onei Repubntic satiit rbe 'r, until the- Governument or timt fwhijcb
deems .el" irri-evEtd bhall hale nmarureiy considered, t n the spirit or
peace ind tood neighborhood. itthe"r it wonld not be betere mt it
ah.l.nd be autiled by the btri.lrnm ef C.,mmisirelaU pro.ait'd O e,.i.
ntde., or by tt-at f a Jreundt ,VNaiion, aed, aoalld ueeb course .o pro-
poed t-y either perry, it A| li- e aedeo ft by the oste-, ujnlein deemed
by it altetetoer imconmpainble with then matre of the differences or the
circanitaice or the rcue.
-There is the basis of a fair, honorable andpeace-
ful adjustment of the new Boundary dispute, already
indicated and commended in the very Treaty on which
that dispute is founded. Let each Governmentrespect
temporarily the Boundary which their two Commission-
Sera have agreed upon. so far as to keep its officers and
troops within the limits thus assigned it; andletthe na-
tion that feels aggrievedby that Boundary propose anew
Commission or a Foreign Arbitration for the conclusive
and binding settlement of the difference. Whichever
shall reject this coarse, and +proceed to cross the Boun-
dary thus officially established with Civil jurisdiction or
Military force, will stand before Heaven and the civil-
ized world convicted of a reckless and criminal trifling
with the Peace of Nations and the Progress of Mankind.
We print herewith The Union's manifesto on the
Mesilla difficulty. Though guarded in terms, it is
atrocious in spirit. If that spirit is shared by the Ad-
ministration, we are on the verge of another War-a
War as wanton, aggressive and criminal as the last, and
one which will result, like that, in the temporary over-
throw and expulsion from power of its authors. But
we will cling to the hope that this manifesto has no
..flicial sanction or countenance.
Gov.Lane,it willbehore ne mmind, based his claim to
t Mesilla Valley ondithe assumption that the act of
Commissioner Bartleltt, conceding that strip to Mexico,
had beena disavowed by oisr Gorernment. both in its Ex-
ecutive and its Legislative Departments. The Union
knocks the Governor's scaffolding from under him, by
fully admitting that the line as rinby the two Cominis-
sioners had been offically ASSEKvxn to by the late Ex-
tectiae. In dilating, on 'the serious blunders of the
'late Executive,' it virtually concedes that the claim
to Mesilla is a new pretension on our part, expressly in
the teeth of official acts of our own Government.

The Union, however, rallies behind the last rampart of
aggression, and stakes its case on the assumption that
the Commissioner's line was not assented to by our
Surveyor, and is therefore invalid. Take away that, and
its whole fabric is in their. And yet it seems that this
fundanatal assumption Is a aistake-that the oUi a

by Commissioner Bartlett has been signed by the U. S. petition and to comparisons which cannot fail to be odi
Surveyor! The Ezpresa of last evening says: ous. We protest against any saddling of the City Press
SMajor Emory's Report, iust nubliahed, shows that he,as with the consequences of such folly.
tAe Surreyor auccceding Air. Gr,. sgnedM he agreement
whvhwaantet-redinto br tren Mr Bartleittand Gen. Conde, THEB MAINM LAW-HOW IT WOG1FK.
fin,.g thetboumrdary Ie.-. Thus no form was wanting to FrTom.heKew-YorkDailyTrbunneofJune1l.
complete the establishment ,f the boundary line. Mr. The amendments to the original anti-Liquor'law of
Grey, the first Surveyor, hid refused to sign the Report, effect this day. They increase the strin
and protested against it. A full statement orf the tas was MA e effect this day. They increase the s in.
made to the late Administration, and therefore. Mr. Grey agency oftheact and the facilities for detecting violations
was direcitd to sign iithb Itieport H6 did not do this bei- and punishing violators. And- this tightening of the
cause his recall reached him before this order. Hisn ua-
cso jr Emry. signed bthe Report, and he sh-ws rivets, bt marked, was enacted by a Legislature
distinctly that btwveentl.e Bartlett hue and the Grey line chosen last September by a people who bad watched
there is Little to choose So, the whole dispute involves and felt the operations of the original law through the
no question of ri nrtance--it involves no valuable terrine
try. But the ezirsns. by the imprudent movement ofprecedingyear, and who, if that act be tyrannical, had.
Gov Triae, which has been sustained by ibn Central Gov- been the subjects of its tyranny; if it had been inetffi-
ernment, have provoked aconnter movement on ourpart." cient, were the witnessesof its inefficiency.
-" Imprudent conduct," do you hear I The whole MASSOflSETTS passed a similar but hardly so ef
subject of the passedaayabetween uutahardlyiso wat
subject of the Boundary between us and Mexico was fcient act, some fourteen months ago, and it has now
expressly submitted, by the Treaty of Peace, to a been in operation about a year. Just before its enact.
Joint Commission; which Comminssion was duly consti- ment, the hostile Municipal authorities of Bostonli-
tuted and proceeded to determine and mark the line, censed a large number of hotels and other drinking
giving the Mesilla Valley to Mexico. Our Surveyor places for the ensuing year, and the Courts held that
having refused to sign the agreement establishing that these licenses, having been granted by competent au-
line, the whole matter necessarily came before our Na- thority under the sanction of Law, were of the nature
tional Executive, who confirmed the action of Corn- of contracts, and so were valid as against a law subse-
missioner Bartlett, and ordered the Surveyor to sign quently enacted. So the Prohibitory Enactment was
the agreement; and, Mr. Grey having been removed, hornof all power in the metropolis of the State and
Major Emory was appointed in his stead, and he did of New-England, long the focus of an immense Rum
sign the agreement. If we are not bound by it, no manufacture and traffic. Thus crippled and mutilated, it
Nation ever could i be. Even if Congress had evinced remained through the ensuingyear, Bostoncovering the
the asserted hostility to this adjustment, the Treaty desolating Traffic with a stolen cloak of legality, and
accords no power to Congress in the premises, but ex- enabling it to pour out its floods of ruin on every side.
pressly leaves the whole matter absolutely to the Joint And 3et th ree-fourths of the State is and has been free
Commission. What plausibility, then, is there in the from any open, public saWe of Liquors throughout that
claim set up for us to Territory by this Commission year, while the illegal Traffic, out of Boston, has been
awarded to Mexico'?
What is "the imprudent movement of Gov. Trias kept within narrow limits. Worcester and Lowell,
or o. Lane undertook to set the award oftheJoint the chief inland cities of the State, are almost free
Oar Gov. Lane undertook to set the award of the Joint imgan
Commission at defiance, and take Military possession of from the scourge, though each has a large immigrant
territory accorded by it to Mexico, and peopled byMex- population, and the same is true of nearly all the rural
icans. He did this on the false assumptions, first, that towns. In Salem and other considerable seaports, we
the line had not been duly run and ratified by the Con fear the example of Boston hashed a malign influence;
mission; secondly, that it had been repudiated by our and now the Councils of that Rum-ridden metropolis
Government. The facts now appear to be the exact have trumped up another old law, under the shadow of
reverse of these assumptions. Gov. Trias has simply which they have granted another batch'of licenses for
endeavored to protect Mexicans settled on a strip of the year just begun! Temperance men of Massachu-
territory conceded to Mexico by the Joint Commission. setts! you are unjust and treacherous to your cause
If it were "imprudent" in him to do this, then it is "im- and your brethren if you fail to combine your efforts and
prudent" in Mexico to exist at all. If she could not your means to enforce the law thoroughly in Boston!
make such a demonstration without rashness, then her Meantime a new Legislature was chosen last Novem-
independence is an emptysham. ber, and Rum did its utmost to secure a majority for
Lovers of Peace! followers of the Prince of Peace! the repeal of the hated Law. Every Boston Member
will you not look sharply into this business? If you do who bad voted for the Maine Law last year was put off
not, the crime and the shame of an unjust war will the ticket and a thorough Rum delegation nominated
press heavily on your souls! and chosen; and in every City and Town the Liquor
CITY AND COUNTRY JOURNA interest voted for any Repeal candidate, regardless of
Two or three inland cotemporaries have most unfair- politics. Yet the Law sustained itself and elected. a
ly represented us as assuming to dictate, in a recent ar- Legislature with which the most strenuous efforts for
tide, the manner in which Country Journals should be Repeal haveproved fruitless. Rum had destroyed the
conducted. The truth lay thus: Complaints*were Coalition ascendancy in the preceding Legislature; it
made by Country Papers that the City Press, and es- claimed to have given this new Legislature to the
specially The Tribnm, encroached upon, impoverished, Whigs, and demanded the Repeal of the Prohibitory act
and threatened to destroy the Newspapers printed in as the stipulated reward of its services. But every ef-
the Couatry. Pleading to this indictment-which fort for Repeal signally failed, and a bill designed to ren-
would have subjected us to the imputation of treating der the act far more stringent and effective only failed
the Country Press with disdain or contempt had we in the House by a tie and the Senate by one majority,
passed it in silence-we said in substance that, 1. The Neal November Temperance men willknow how to dis-
better portion of the Country Press did not realize the regard partylines as well as their adversaries, and then
hardship nor unite in the remonstrance under conside- we hall see bow the potion operates.
--^ _^- .. ,, VrM~ONT passed i muost excellent and effective coun-
ration; '2. That the journals which did encounter a era o aseda L ost ecelent ano effectirby very closun-
depressing rivalry from the City Press were too gene- erpart of the Maine Law last Noemberby a very close
Tote, and r~a~ied it in FebrqaryT by a popular majority of
rally filled in good part with extracts from the City pa- only an100 rr47.000. But that aei was immediately put
pers, many of which had been read by their more intel- in operation, and has already almot pwargd the State of
ligent patrons belbre they reproduced it, and so came to liquid poisob and the madness it generates. But for the
their patrons as old news, which is no news at all; facilities afforded by nearly four hundred miles of hostile
3. That a country journal, filled in good part with local border, NeW-York, New-Hampshire and Canada all In.
intelligence, and taking care to record promptly every veering her frontiers with legalized rum-holes, whence
casualty, fleod, fire, marriage, death, religious, political the vileliquid is smuggled across her lines in every con-
or other convention, church, furnace or factory erec- ceivable disguise, Vermont would now be free from the
dion, clerical settlement or removal, untimely treat, scourge forever. People of New-York and New-Haump-
protracted drouth, &c., &c., occurring within said jour- shire! how long do you mean to be accessories to the
nal's natural radius of circulation, could hardly fail of breaking of the laws and depravation of the morals of
receiving an adequate support, even though'every man your neighbors?
in the county should be a subscriber to a City paper. RHODE ISLAND has been less fortunate. Her first act
So much truth we uttered, being impelled thereto by was upset by Judge Curtis; but she speedily enacted
the complaints of certain country papers that The another, which was submitted to her People at their late
Wtedly Tribune was so cheap and so comprehensive as Election and ratified by a handsome majority. Yet the
to work serious damage to the Country Press. LawIs likely to be subverted and the Temperance sen-
6timent ef the State defeated once more. The greatmass
It is none of our business, we freely admit, that many of the Rusellers and a majority o the Rum-drinkers
Country Journals see fit to fill their columns almost oel t he wie d sepulcher which swindles with the
entirely from those of the City Press; but when we belong Democracy. That party haich swindles wa majority in the
find ourselves accused of taking away the subscribers of name of Democracy. That party has a majority in the
those journals by making our own too cheap and too at- Legislature andt, while the um Power control of every department of the
trativ, e felthat we may fairly repel the accusation, Government, while the Rum Power controls it. it dare
tractive, we feel that we may fairly repel the accusati not defy the settled conviction and deliberate verdict of
and state what we believe to be the truth. It is a very Prohibitory law, but it vir-
common mistake of our Country cotemporaries which telly attains the same end in a seeking way by toint.
assumes that the free circulation of City papers in their tally attains the same end in a sneaking way by appoint.
several Counties restricts that of their own. Let each ing Run Sheriffs, 8rc., who are hostile to the la and re-
canvassed, aud the general fuse to enforce it! So Rhode Island, with a good law of
County in the State be fairly canvassed, and the general ohibition ts statute-book, is deluged and debauched
result will show that thoseCounties which are most b oum hi litsvtaiesa, i cuger their hope
liberal in their patronage of City journals we likewise by Rum, while its votaries are chuckling over their hope
most liberal to those printed within their seal limits that they mayso corrupt a majoiy venture to repeal hthe
while Counties that take fewest City papers portion vile poison that they can speedily venture to repeal the
ably to their population, are most niggardly to those n e o R b a a
printed in their vicinity. Temperance Min of Rhode Island! betrayed and
If a County journal give all the news of the County, outraged as you are, we entreat you to hold Town
with such Foreign and other Intelligence as it fairlymay, Meetings, County and State Conventions, to devise and
a citizen of that County can no more afford to do without execute the means of enforcing the Law! Act promptly
it because he takes a City paper than he can afford to do and thoroughly, for the Philistines are upon you!
without a house because he has an excellent farm. True, Ho! truemen of MicHoeAs! the next appeal is to
an individual may now and then stop his County paper to you! Youhave to ratify and sustain your own Prohib-
take one from the City; but this is generally done on an itory Act at the Election just at hand; do it by a ma-
understanding with some neighbor who continues to take jority which will leave your adversaries no hope of its
the County paper that they shall exchange papers; and repeal! And when you shall have sustained your Law,
the deeper interest excited, the wider range of tastes proceed as soon as may be to enforce it, and be sure to
gratified, by two papers than by one, tends inevitably to elect a Legislature and State Officers this Fall who will
increase the number of subscribers to both. For, gen- not cheat you after the manner of Rhode Island! All
eral as the habit of newspaper reading has become, there hands to the work!
are still hundreds of thousands of American families
abundantly able to take a paper yet stumbling on some- The New-Hamee Palladium declines to answer our
how without, one. Let us all seek to render .our jour- questions, thinking them "rather a discursive mode of
nals acceptable, as they really are indispensable, to thou- coming to the point of the case." But why? The
sands after thousands of this class, and so from day to Rum Traffic is now legalized and protected in Connec-
day make fresh inroads into the domain of Ignorance, ticut, and it owes the continuance of that immunity and
instead of turning our arms against each other, protection to Thomas H. Seymour. It has sent hun-
-There is one serious evil to whichthe CountryPress dreda to destruction since he gave it his countenance,
is subjected that cannot fail to cripple its energies and and is daily consigning new victims to unblest and un-
lessen its usefulness. We allude to the excessive nsud- timely graves. A great wrong has been done and is still
tiplicatioa of newspaper establishments. For instance, being done ia Connecticut, And somebody is responsible
the County of Cbaulanque in oar State, having some therefore. Blame the infatuated tippler for the short-
60,000 inhabitants, and very little trade save the inter- sighted folly which prompted the formation of his de-
change of its own Agricultural staples for goods, has (if vouring, imperious appetite for Liquor; but blame not
we mistake not) nine regular newspapers, issued from him alone. The rumseller, who for base lucre minis-
six different villages. These journals can hardly pay tern to that depraved, consuming appetite, is also culpa-
less than $6,000 per annum for type-setting and $4,500 ble-is he not, neighbor ? And if the man who has
for Editing-together $10,500-which, if concentrated built or bought a house and furnished it splendidly out
on three papers, would suffice to place them in the front of the profits of his grocery or bar-room is culpable,
rank, both in ability and amount of matter, while ensur- why is not he who has obtained a Governorship and a

ing a handsome return for the capital invested and an --j"- .. .. '-- Traf-ic
increase of advertisements because of the increased Foreign Mission by pandering to that ruinous Traffic
value given them by a threefold circulation. We do not and protecting it from the righteous malediction of
imply that the Chautauque papers are not now good- Law? Why not, neighbor of The Palladium'? will
we only insist that they cannot be made so good, while you answer ? You ought to be ashamed of such quib-
they remain so numerous, as they could be if there were bles a this:
*_ ^.._*nn -n. hoirn^ He [Seymour] is not oinis--i in the Liquoir Traffic-
but two or three of them. Where every village boasting "He [Seymor] is not rk 'u-d in the Liquor Trffe-
and therefore the remark;. -" 7%, Triir in re.ard to) the
a second meetinghouse supposes a newspaper establish- nature of the traffic can have no application to him."
meant essential to its dignity or interest, the Country We say -he is engaged in it-that he is, in the eye of
JoTuurals me inevitbly expoaedt0 a mos daiagida {in 09 suin MR Justice, V40e boss tMUr ofCoatmdoacatu

was in the hands of a uommittee, an the principle of
abolition was a test question at the elections. A large beauty. Among the natives of the Carribee Islands,
majority of the Lower Canadian members were elected he had heard of a wonderful Fountain, which possessed
majotyotheoweranaian mberwethee miraulou property of restoring the bloom and
on a pledge toesupport it; and the retirement of Messrs. the miraculous property of restoring thobloomand
Lafontaine and Baldwin having necessitated the forms- viger of youth to age and decrepitude. The existence
tion of a new Ministry, Mr. Drummond, the father of of such a Fountain was confirmed by the Indian tradi.
te k ro-, t t w m dt hev elit tions ; ad it was not only believed by Juau Powe, but

and has made more out of the desolating traffic than searching examination in Committee, the bill wvg again
any other man in the State. Just consider that right- introduced, a d passed thethird reading a few days Ago
eous provision of the Law given by Moses concerning by a vote of 37 to 20. On Thursday last it was, how-
"the ox who was wont to gore with his horn," and ever, defeated in the Legislative Council, but this cas
whose owner, because, knowing this propensity, he did only delay its passage for a limited period.
not keep his vicious beast in close quarters, was ad- its operation affects both wild lands and lands that
judged guilty of the homicide by that beast committed. have already been settled under the tenure, With re-
Suppose he had secured a Governorship by letting the gard to the former, it enacts that Seigniors shall here-.
dangerous brute run at large, would he not have been after be bound to concede, to any applicant, a quantity
still more culpable'? We sayhe would-what says the of wild land,rut less than 40 acres, ar a rate not exceed-
Palladium? Now don't talk about Gov. Seymour's ing 3 sous of redeemable rent per acre; thepureL-aser
personal habits, of which we know nothing, but of his to bound the same and lay at least five acres under eul-
public acts, which are legitimate subjects of criticsin tivation within fi6e years after the concession. Sucin
His. "error of opinion", is not the matter at issue, lands shall be held in free and common soccage, and no
Suppose he had proclaimed that Gambling and Lewd- seigniorial dues shall accrue thereon.
ness ought not to be repressed by statute, and that Withregard to lands that have already been settled
thereupon the Blacklegs and Libertines had thrown under the Seigniorial tenure, the act declares in the
their weight into his end of the scale, electing and re- first place, that the rent paid by the occupant shallin
electing him--wouldyou consider that amere difference no case exceed two sous per acre, any stipulation or
of opinion, and accused all of personal abuse who re- agreement between Seignior and tenant to the contrary
marked on it to his disadvantage? Neighbor! we insist notwithstanding. The reason giv.n for this legilativo
that you fairly and squarely meet the issue! interference between parties to a voluntary contract,
UA -- .is the radical illegality of concessions heretofore made
by Seigniors at a higher rate than two sons. In like
It is a singular fact that one of -the last strongholds manner, all covenants indeedsof concession heretofore
of Feudalism should be in the New World. In France made, by which the Seignior reserve] any rights or
it was swept away by the Revolution of 17t9; in Ger- dues other thanIthe said rent, the usual mutationfine,
many, Austria and Hungary, by the great upheaval of and themill monopoly, or the tenant submitted to any
1848-which, if it has left behind it no other benefit, exactions other than the obligation to settle, survey.
will be honorably mentioned in history, for the emanci- and determine the boundaries of his farm, and exhibit
pationofmillions ofpeasants. But on this continent, title to his Seignior, are declared to be null and void.
under Parliamentary. Government and with the fran- The mill monopoly is to apply only to corn for domestic
chises of British subjects, the feudal regime survi esl consumption; and the bed of rarn-navigable streams
The lands of Lower Canada are still generally held and waterpowers is to belong to the owner of the ad-
under feudal tenure. Their cultivators do not own jacent land.
them, but occupy as tenants, paying to' the lords a per- Having thus reduced existing seigniorial rights to the
petual rent, which, though somewhat modified, is still narrowest possible limits, the act further provides for
essentially the system ofthe Middle Ages. A striking their total extinction. Whenever a tenant dedaresto corn-
consequence is the stand-still, unimproving appearance mute, he can, on application to a Board of Cehimm8ion-
ofthe country, and the changeless, hereditary habits of era established by the act, have his dues to his Seignior
the people. After the lapse of above two centuries, in assessed at a fixed sum. which ho can either pay up in
a new land and climate, they are,' in all important par- full at once, or allow to remain on his property as a mort-
ticulars, the same as the ancient peasantry of -their gage bearing interest at six per cent. In either case the
mother country. With the same language, religion, and property is liberated from all seigniorial dues whatever.,
customs, protected by geographical remoteness from from the time of the assessment.
the revolutionary convulsions and innovating ideas Such are the leading features of the act which baa just
which have agitated and transformed their broth- been adopted by the Canadian Assembly, aunl which,
ren at home, we can look nowhere else for though rejected by the Legislative Council, is sure ero
so faithful an image of what the rustic popu- long to become a law, as the will ofthe Assembly is, after
nation and manners of France were before its feudal all, supreme. As will be seen at once, though this bill
constitution disappeared in the carnage of'93. Perhaps accomplishes much that is good and useful, it is but the
something more of personal independencebelongs to the forerunner of a more thorough measure. Under its
French Canadian peasantry, for they have grown up un- operation commutation is compulsory on the Seignior,
der the protection of law; but in social character, in but not on the tenant. Eminently anti-progressive as
many agreeable and even charming qualities, and in the arethe LowerCanadian farmers, it is more than probable
stupidityof spontaneous conservatism, they are the same. that a large majority of them will prefer their present
The material or political ameliorations that have taken tenure to a new one. A very few years will establish
place around them, have left them untouched. The this fact. It will then devolve on the Legislature to
Esquimaux are not more unaffected by American ideas carryT out the principle of abolition in a bill which will
and American enterprise. A reform is now, however, render it compulsory on the tenant to commute with his'
about to be inaugurated which will eventually, though Seignior, andsweep away every vestige offeudality. No
gradually, change their condition, and tend to make reform is more needed.
them members of the great American community, in To give satisfaction to the Seigniors has obviously
which, or rather near which, they have hitherto lived been a minor consideration with the framers of the bill.
apart. A more striking example of, ex post facto legislation
We have "before us a "Bill to define the Rights of has seldom been laid before any Parliament. Theprin-
"Seigniors and Censitaires in Lower Canada, and to ciple which justifies the reduction of rents voluntarily
"facilitate the redemption thereof," introduced into stipulated in times past, from eight, six and four sous
the Canadian Assembly by Mr. Attorney-General Drum- to two, would, if strictly carried out, excuse the legis-
mond; an Address against the same, delivered at the' lat ire violation of any private contract. Noris it less
bar of bthe House by Christopher Dunkin, M. A., advo- foreign to all legal ideas of right and wrong to absolve
cate (comprising the matter of a thick volume octavo) one man from the consequences of his free act, while,
Mr. Drummond's reply thereto; and several blue the party on the other side is bound to abide by them'.
books, containing historical and statistical information Such is, however, a necessary consequence of. the in-
on the subject of the feudal tenure of land in that production of a bad tenure into the provinces, and the
Province. These several documents are the materials gradual usurpation of Seignors during the last two oen,
for a most important chapter in the history of Lower turies. History abounds with similar eases in which
Canada. They are the records of the last struggle of stolen goods are taken from their present possessor,
its feudal lords, and the first tangible step made by the without compensation, even though he has himself got
people toward throwing off the shackles of feudalism, them by honest purchase. So in Canada the Seigniors
and assimilating their laws, in a very important part must suffer for the sins of their fathers. It will be well
lar, to those of their more prosperous neighbors. for the Province when the sacrifice is consummated.
The inconveniences of the seigniorial tenure may be%
briefly stated. Though the vente at which lands were FLORIDA,.
conceded to settlers were low-seldom exceeding four Its Discovery, Exploration and Settlement.
sous, and never eight-those rents were irredeemable, The discovery, exploration and settlement of FI.on-'
and the occupant could not compel his landlord to IDA are as pregnant with the romantic, adventurous and
grant him the freehold of his farm. This was one tragical as are those of any other portion of the United
serious objection to the system. Sales, and in fact all States; and while the history of the exploration and col-
mutations except transmissions by inheritance, involved onization of the" Old Thirteen" is as familiar as house-
a fine to the Seignior of one-twelfth the purchase money; held words, even to the school children of the North, the
and though in practice so heavy a per centage was sel- thrilling incidents and events conneetedwith Florida are
dom exacted, the fine claimed was always so heavy as quite unknown. The brief mention and chronological
to be a serious obstacle to sales of real estate. At presentation of some of the most notable events in the
... o s + , history of the Peninsula State of the South may be
common law, the Seignior was authorized to resume history of the Peninsula State of the South may be
possession at any time of the property he had sold, at amusing, interesting, and possibly instructive.
the price he had received for it; and this right was fur- In 1492 Columbus discovered SanSalvador, San Do-
ther secured by express stipulation in most concession mingo, Cuba and other West India Islands. In 1497
deeds. So iniquitous a system needs no comment. Amercus Vespucius discoveredthe Continent of Soutk
Seigniors claeds. So imed and Courts of Justice sustained them America. In 1498 Columbus visited the South Ameri,
Seigniors claimed and courts of Justice sustained them can Continent, and in 1498 Sebastian Cabot discovered
in a right of property in all streams and non-navigable and coasted along the North American Continent from
rivers flowing through their seigniories; thus depriving Labrador to Albemarie Sound. He was in search of a
the Tenant on the shore of his natural right to the more northern passage to the East Indies than Colum-
water adjacent. The former thus exercised a monopoly bus had taken. Thus in less than six years the Con;
of a lucrative branch of trade in Canada, viz: that of tinents of North and South America and the West India
cutting saw-logs and floating them down to the St. Islands had been discovered.
SLawrence. Flour and grist-mills were likewise a In 1520 Cortez and his companions invaded and con-
seigniorial monopoly: the common law expressly qnered the Mexican Empire; and in 1533 Pizarro and
declared that the tenant should be bound to his associates conquered the Ineas of Pernu-the .hild-
carry his corn to the Seignior's mill. Without ren of the Sun---and possessed themselves of their pal-
stopping to notice other minor rules of the feudal aces and temples of gold. Thus inforty-one years froth
law, which bore as heavily on the tenants as those the discovery of the West India Islands by Columbus,
we have mentioned, it will probably be admitted North and South America had been visited and par-
that a system under which a man could not become the tinlly explored, and Mexio9 and Peru had been added
lona fide owner of his farm, or sell it, or develop its re- to the Crown of Spain.
sources, was about as unusited to the condition of a The discovery of Columbus was not the result of no-
young country as any that could be devised. Such, nev- but t was the indent ofavoyage undertaken
ertheless, is the system under which Lower Canada has cdent t t o geographical theories and speoula-
groaned for 190 years; not without some faint show of togtest Thet discovery of Columbus displayed a Nd w
discontent, however, from time to time. The records -o^ f ^g exploration of active and adven-
of th e old Court s held by the French Intendants show WrDo r spirthe exnd gold being dofvered it became the
that the strife between Seignior and tenant was almost talismasp incentive to pillage end ion tuect.
coeval with the establishment of the tenure. At the
Conquest the Seigniors were stripped of their judicial But there is a portion of this New World which was
powers and some other rights which conflicted with flratvisitedandexplored, neither by the promptings or
the prerogative of theCrown. Again, at a later period, suggestions of science, the aove of gold, or of adventure,
as soon as a popular party was formed in the old Par- of liberty, of religion, or any other of the ordinary mo-
liament a feeble agitation against feudalism was set on tives to discovery, exploration, conquest and coloniie-
foot; but, though a Commission was appointed to in- tion.-and that portion is now partly within the limits of
quireinto thestate ofthelaw, too many of the oligar- Florida; and the motive or incentive to itsfirstvisit-.
chieal rulers of the Province were themselves Seigniors tton d explorainwa to fin the "foutain aof s."
to permit any practical measure of reform to see the Jiv Potcx DX Lxo, who in his youth bad been a
light. It was reserved for the Liberal M intry, which brave and chivar soldier in the wars against the
took office in 1847, to commence the work of abolition. Moors-who had been a companion of Columbus, anct
The bill now before us was introduced into the Ca- had wen and acquired honor, wealth and distinction,
nadin Prlimen by r. runmon durng he astwas dissatisfed and unhappy--old age had overtaken
nadfan Parliament by Mr. Drummond dAt ng the lait him, while h ambitious projects were yet unexecuted.
session .of the late Parliament.. At the dssoltion H sighed for the restorarion ofhis youth, strength and


very generally credited at the Court of Castile and
In Marbch, 1512, Juan Ponce, then Governor of Porto
Rico, sailed with three ships in search of this Fount-
ain of Youth, to the unexplored regions of the North-
west; he sailed along the Bahama Is-lands, inqaluiring
for the rejuvenating waters, and thence north westwgd.
ly,he discovered land on Sunday, March 27th, andland-
Sed a little south of where St. Augustine now is.
The country was in the first bloom of spring, the trees
covered with blossoms and the ground nrith flowers;
and because of this vernal beauty, or 4iat hefirst dis-
covered land on the Sunday before Easter, which the
Spaniard aled Pasews des Flores, he gave to it the
name of F ronmA. After diligenr'search for the Foun-
tain, and bathing in all the sprigs and brooks be found,
he proceeded south, touching and exploring the coast,
and the Islands or keys, to the Tortugas, where he
caught 117 turtles in one night, and named the group
of lands, Tortugas-i. e. turtles. Failing in the object
of his voyage, he returned, disappointed, to Porto Rico.
Age and its infirmities still increasing upon him, in 1521
be again sailed, in two ships, t.) the Florida coast, in
search ofthe "Fountain of Youth." He chilled hisaged
frame by bathing in all the springs and streams, fought
a bloody battle with the Indians, and was wounnddby an
arrow in the thigh. Sick and dejected, he returned as
far as Cuba and died. And although Juan Ponce failed
in discovering the Fountain and acquiring immortal
youth by bathing in its reju-enafing waters, he acquired
a world-wide fame by discovering and naming that por-
tion of the American continent, a part whereof is now
known as FLORLDA.
The account of the discovery of Ponce de Leon being
circulated in Spain, it was natural for the adventurous
to imagine the interior of Florida filled with people, rich
cities and golden temples, as in the case of Mexico and
Peru; and a cavalier, Pamphilo de Narvaez, tilled with
auriferous imaginings, obtained a commission from the
king to conquer and govern the country from Cape
Florida to Palmos River (Galveston Bay); and in 1527
be sailed with five ships, was detained in San Domingo
nearly a year repairing losses, and in April, 1828,
landed near Tampa Bay with 400 men and P-0 horses
SThe object of the expedirion was conquest, settlement
and gold. The Indian informed N1arvaez that in the
interior was the Apalachee country, filled with people,
cities and gold. He left his ships and the coast, and
marched through swamps and hammocks to an Indian
settlement of 240 wigwams, near where Tallahassee
now is, and this was, the Capital, the Msezico of the
Apalachees. Narvaez was disappointed and disgusted,
and resolved to abandon the country and repair to Cu-
ba but he had sent away his ships on leading Tampa
Bay. He proceeded to the Bay of Auti, now St.
Marks, where be built five small open boats, making
nals of his stirrups, bridle-bits, and cross-bows-ropes
of the tails and manes of horses twisted with the fibres
of the palm, and sails he made of the shirts of his men.
In these five boats he put out to sea, encountered a
storm, and all perished but AlvarNufiez and fourothers.
These were made prisoners by the Indians, and after-
ward attempted to find their way across the
country to the Spanish settlements of Mexico; and
after passing from tribe to tribe, they at last arrived at
Compostela, on the Pacific Ocean, in seven years from
their landing in Florida. They returned to Spain, and
Nunez published an account of the eKpedition.
About this time, there appeared at the Spanish Court
of Chaeles V., a cavalier of gentle birth, of nuble
bearing, and in the prime of manhood. He had been a
companMon of Pizarro in his Pern-ian conquests, andl re-
turned to Spain with gold and glory. Hie appeared at
the Royal Court with all the rich and gorgeous sur-
roundings of the most fashionable Spanish nobleman of
thatfday. He married Isabella de Bobadilla, a young
lady of distinguished rank and personal attraction, and
thus be was, apparently, in the possession ot anf that
was desirable in this world. But HERNADo oDE Soro
"was disconsolate and unhappy. Cortez and Pizarro had
immortalized themselves by the conquest of empires
and golden cities. De Soto was ambitious, and sought
to rival, if not surpass, the glory of the Mexican, and
Pereovianoqilueors. He learned from the account of
Nuiez of the extensive region called Florida-of its
only partial exploration and the golden stories of the
Indians. He applied, at once, to the Emperor Charles
V., and was appointed Governor of Florida and Cuba,
and organized his expedition. He landed in Cuba,
April, 1538, with a brilliant armament; and, perfecting
his final arrangements, be left his wife, Dofia Isabella,
togovemrn Cuba, and sailed foIbrFlorida. On May 25. 1539,
he landed his forces at Tampa Bay, consisting of l,00o
Spaniards, mostly young. niben, armed with cross-bows,
swords, lances, fire-arms, and one cannon. He had
350 horses, a large number of cattle and swine, for set,
cement; and for the conversion of the Indians, he had
twalvdc-priestsi, eight assistants, and four monks. On
every Sunday and holyday, he erected an altar and said
| mass.
SSoon after landing he proceeded to the Apalachee
country, which was represented' to contain large cities,
a cultivated country and gold. He had roads to cut,
bridges to build, swamps to cross, and savages to fight.
At a place now k-nown as Micanopy, he encountered
10,000 Indians, and killed 1,500 warriors. Atlengthhe
reached the Capital of the Apalachee country, consist-
ing of about 250 huts. Here he found plenty of corn,
beans, pumpkins and other vegetables, but no gold or
cities-and this was the auriferous region he had come
conquer! He remained herefive months, sent out ex-
ploring parties, discovered the Bay of St. Marks, where
Nauvaez had built his boats, and so forth.
In March 1540, De Soto broke up his encampment
Bear where Tallahasse now stands, and marched north-
easterly in search of the Cosachiqui country, which he
was told abounded in gold, silver, and pearls, and was
governed by female Cacique, who lived in a large city.
He found the country and it was governed by a woman
but the gold was copper, the silver mica, and the
large city a few Indian huts. In the lower part of
what is now Alabama, he fought a great hattie with the
Indians, headed by their chief, Tusoaloosa-the Indians
set fire to their village, and amid the couslagraui.-n and
slaughter, 11,00'0 Indians were said to have been killed
and burned. De Sore lost 32 men and 4-2 horses, and
^ in the upper paut cf Alabuma, in another battle, he lost
40 men and 50 horses.
lu the month of May, 1541, two years from his laud-
ing ian Florida. De Soto crossed the Mississippi River*
a little bc-low -here Memphis now is, and encamped on
the west bank : his devi,,us, zig zag course, or line of
natrch, from Tampa Bar to the Mississippi, through
for,-sts, swamps and hostile Indians, was more than
].5'0 miles. While encamped upon the .west bank of
ther Mississippi River, De Soto was requested by the
Indian chiefs to pray'for rain to his 'gds, it Being a
time of drought; and he caused a huge cross to be made
loftire largest pine-tree, so large that 100 men could not

lift it; this croes was raised on the highest elevation
oreIouiiorg the waters of the Mississippi and St. Fran-
cis Rivers; a procession composed of the army ard
Indians was formed, led by priests and friars chan -ing
the Litany, around the cross, and then all knelt d,)-w
in front and offered up players, and then approicwng

military Commandiant. West Florida was under mili-
'tary rule till 1784, and East Florida till 1781, when, by
the King's command, an upper andlower House of As-
sembly was called at St. Augustine-the Governor made
a speechb,exhorting the members to levy atax upon them
PeiTes and constituents for the support ofgovernment-
tihc Aesembly only imposed a small tax onlicences to sell
41tiitunonD liquors, insu.uckriIt i the aggregate, to pay
1 f salary of Lhe Treasurer, This Was the first and last

"Sir, not from Purgatory itself."
In fact, the Court Martial sentenced one of them to death, the
other to a milder punishment; but Gen Jackson hung them both. Mr.
J. Q. Adams, as Secretary of State, felt himself co strained to jastify
Gee. Jackson's arbitrary proceedings in Florida against the complaints
of Spain and Great Britain; bttWOB prOme he Tyer heartily ap.
paoT(d them.

the cross, solemnly and 'silently, knelt and kissed it.
This impressive spectacle, this planting the Cros upon
the bank of the Father of Rivers, and worshiping the
SATiOn more than 300 years ago, was witnessed by
15,000 to 20,000 Indians.
De Soto marched west, through wlat is now Mis-
souri, and then south through who' is now Arkansas-
spending nearly a year in his eplorations west of the
Mississippi-but everwhera he found a wilderness in-
habited by savages and wild beasts only. At last, dis-
pirited, he returned to the Mississippi and again en-
camped, with a view of building two vessels to send
down the river and to Havana fur appliess of provisions
and men, and to communicate with his wife. While
building these resscle, he sickened and died. His mor-
tal remains were placed in a hollow live oak tree, by
his companions, andat the stillhour of midnight, sunk in
the middle of the Mississippi river,in 19fathomswater.
The Indians were told that he was not dead, but gone
up to Heaven. De Soto was the first white man who
saw and launched his bark upon the "Father of Wa-
ters"-he was in search of cities, gold, and an empire
-he was too early by 300 years.
De Soto being dead, his followers determined to
march westward, in hopes of reaching the Spanish set-
tlements in Mexico. They left in June, 1542, and
marched west four months, and reaching the Pawnee
and Camanche Indians, they despaired of finding the
Spanish settlements, and returned again to the Missis-
sippi. Their number was now reduced to 311il, and
these clad in buffalo, deer and bear skins, resembling
wild beasts more than human beings. They built yes.
sells sailed down the river and along the coast, reach,
ing Panuco, near Tampico, in Mexico, in 1543. During
all this time Isabella had heard nothing of her husband;
she had vessels constantly cruising along the coast and
gulf in search of him, and after so long and anxious an
interval, the news of his death and of the failure of his
magnificent enterprise overwhelmed her with sorrow.
She soon died of a broken heart.
Tweonry years after De Soto, another unsuccessful
attempt to explore and settle Florida, was made by the
Frenchl Protestants, under a commission to colon-
ize it with Huguenots, with temporary success.
The expedition consisted of three ships, and landed
near the mouth of the St. John's River, and built a
Fort. The ensuing year they received additions from
France, and the colony flourished. This was the first
European or Christian settlement made in the United
States--it originated in a desire for religious freedom.
and its destruction resulted from religious bigotry.
Fifteen months after its foundation, this colony was
suddenly surprised and destroyed by a party of Span-
iards, under Pedro Melendez.
The Huguenuots were encouraged by the French
monarch to colonize Florida, but the King of Spain,
Phillip II., claimed the country by discovery, and hated
the French Protestants; and he, therefore, contracted
with Melendez to invade Florida with 500 men, and to
establish a colony of at least 500 persons, wi& 12
Priests and 4 Jesuits-for which Melendez was to have
commercial advantages and was made Governor for
life. Melendez sailed for Florida, and landed at St.
Augustine Sept. 8, 1565, and after celebrating themas
of the Virgin, the foundations of the town of St. Au-
gustine were laid. This was 28 years ago, and St. Au-
gustine is, therefore, the oldest town, by more than
forty years. in the United States. Having said mass,
and founded the town, Melendez suddenly marched
upon the Huguenot colonyon the St. John's, and bar-
barously massacred men, women ud iilnn, anil ]a.
beled their dead bodies with this inscription-"- not as
f Jfrenchmen, but as lheretics." The French monarch did
nothing to revenge this massacre, but two years after-
ward a French Huguenot, Domini Do Gomgues, fitted
out three ships with 1.50 men and sailed for Florida,
and for ihe express purpose of revenging the death of
his countrymen. Helanded on the St. John's River,
captured two small forts which the Spaniards had
erected, and, finding his force too small for further opi
rations, he hung up his Spanish captives, and placed
upon their dead bodies this inscriprion-" not as Span-
iards, butlas murderers." Thus, it was religious bigotry
and fanatical hatred that occasioned the establishment
of St. Augustine, and the destruction of the first Eu-
ropean colony in the United States.
In 1565, the country known in Spanish geography as
Florida, was of large extent and quite unknown. The
Spaniards claimed all the country from Nova Scotia to
Mexico on the Atlantic and Gulf;-the British claimed,
by discovery, the country along the Atlantic coast; and
the French, the country lying on the St. Lawrence and.
ibe Upper Lakes. '
Fr,r *200 years after the foundation of St. Augustine,
the region now know-n as Florida was as Little known and
as little occupied by Europeans as in the days of De Suto.
During this large interval, England was settling the Old
Tbirteen Colonies, and Firance was exploring and set-
tlina the re-ions now known as Canada, Illinois, Missouri
aud Lonishna; but Spain was doing nothing, save occu-
pi ing St. Augustine as a military post, building a wall
around it. and erecting a fort to defend the Colonists
against the Indians and the rovers and pirates of the
In 1585, Sir Francis Drake took possession of St. Au-
gustine, plundered it of 14 pieces of brass cannon and
the military chest of 2,000. He was the first bucca-
neer or Fill.bustar, and Capt. Davis was the second Fil-
libuster, who plundered it in 1665.
*In 1702, while a war existed between rGreat Britain
and Spain, Governor Moore, of Carolina, again plun-
dered St. Augustine, and broke up the missionary sta-
tions in Middle- Florida. Pensacola wasfounded in 1696
by a colony from Mesco.
In 17.4, Spain possessed Florida, which then em-
braced the Peninsula. and extended from Alatahama
River in Georgia to the Perdido, west of Pensacola-
and this was all she possessed on the Continent north
sof Mexico. At this time France possessed much the
largest portion of this continent, but ten years subse-
quent she had not a in_=le toot ef land upon it.
In 1754 England and France went to war about their
-American possessions and Spain took a part-this was
the Old French War-and by the Treaty of Peace in
1763, France withdrew from this Continent, Florida was
ceded by Spain to Enuland. and France ceded to Spain
Louisiana west of the Mississippi, including New-Or-
leans on the east.
Florida was possessed by England from 1763 to 1784
-twenty-one years-and was divided into East and
West Florida, and at that time included the southern
portions of Mississippi and Alabama. During these 21
years, Florida flourished-400 New-England families
emigrated to West Florida, which was governed by a


representative Legislative Assemibly convened in Flor-
ida previous to the purchase thereof by the United
States. In 1763, East Florida contained about 4,000
inhabitants--in 1784 there were 13,000.
During the British possession, Lord Rolle attempted
a settlement of women on St. John's River-he sent
out 300 in a single colony, and located them at a place
called Ro/stomit-many died and others dispersed into
Georgia and Carolina-the colony did not increase or
In 1767, Dr. Turnbull, an Englishman, for the sum of
400 paid tolthe Governor of one of the Greek Islands,
obtained permission to carry into Florida a number of
Greek families. He loaded a small vessel with them
and stopped at the islands of Corsica and Minorca, and
loaded other vessels with Corsicans and MinorcansM-in
all 1,500. He agreed to carry them to Florida free of
expense, to feed and clothe them, and at the end of three
years to give to each head of a family 50 acres of land
and to each child 25 acres; in the mean time they were
to work for him. Dr. Turnbull settled them upon his
lands, 60 miles south of St. Augustine, and worked
them in raising provisions and indigo. They cleared,
ditched and cultivated more than 3,000 acres of land-
but the Doctor did not keep his contract with them;
he reduced them to slavery, placed task-masters over
them; women and children were scourged and negroes
employed to use the lash. Sometimes they were
cruelly whipped, slept tied to trees all night, for the
mosquitoes to feed upon. For nine long years they
endured this intolerable slavery. In 1776, the year of
AmmiOAIN INDEPaENDENCE, they escaped to St. Augus-
tine, consulted with the Attprney-General, and the
claim of Turnbull was judicially repudiated. Their
original number was 1,500, but had become reduced to
600; and these were assigned lots north, of the City of
St. Augustine, where they built houses, made gardens
and enlarged their borders, and many of their descend-
ants are now among the most attractive and most re.
spectable portion of the population of the State.
Between 1812 and 1815, the United States and Eng-
land were at war-the Spanish governmentt at Pensa-
cola permitted the English fleets to enter the ports of
West Florida, to operate against the United States.
After the peace, British traders and agents excited the
Indians in Georgia and Florida to make war upon the
white settlements. The United States Government
sentGeneral JAKosoN, in 1815, with an army to chas-
tise and restrain them, and he destroyed the Indian
towns, and took possession of the Spanish Fort at St.
Marks. On the Suwaunee River ho captured two Eng-
lishmen, Arbuthnot and Ambrister, who were charged
and found guilty by :a Court Martial, of aiding and in-
citing the Indians in their murderous depredations on
the Whites. Gen. Jackson confirmed the .sentence and
hanged them at St. Marks.* ..
Gen. Jackson laid down this principle, and acted upon
it-" It is an established principle of the laws of nations,
"that any individual of a nation, making war against the
"citizens of any other nation, they being at peace, forfeits
"his all,-riance and becomes an outlaw and piratee" This
van not regarded by many as -'good law," and it was said
cotuldnot be found in Grotius, Vattel or-any other stand-
ard writer on international law-but Gen. Jackson was
sustained, and his conduct vindicated by John Quinci
Adams. This principle has since been acted upon bythe
Captain General of Cuba, in condemning to death
the fifty men under Crittenden, in bhe Lopez expedition.
Spain occupied Florida 235years, and kept up mili-
tary ports at St Augustine and] Pensacola nearly all that
time; but the country remained unsettled and produced
no revenue. Tho annual coat to Spa4iisr said to have
been s300.00uu0. and the annual coat to gland, during
her "1 year's possession, about one mlUliun of dollars.
In February, lI'21, Spain sold to the United States
East and West Florida. for.$5,000,(inil,,to be paid tothe
citizens of the United States for lIosse sustained by rea-
son OfSSpanish injustice. On the third of March, 1821,
Congress passed a law authorizing the Presidu.:nt to take
possession, and all military, ciri and judicial powers were
vested in such person as he should direct, until the end
of the next session of Congress. Under this law, Presi-
dent Monroe appointed AreREW JAoKSOk, Governor,
and other persons Judges, &c., of Florida-and by Gen.
Jackson's commission, he had conferred upon him, "all
"the powers and authorities heretofore exercised by the
"Governor and Captain General, and Intendant of Cuba
"and by the Governors of East and West Florida." Here
were indefinite andlimitless powers. Gen. Jackson could
officially do any thing the Captain General of Cuba had
done or could do-and Jackson was not the man to doubt
the right to exercise any powers conferred, and as he
construed them.
SHe took possession of East Florida on the 10th of
July, 1821, and of West Florida the 17th of the same
month. On the 17th he issued a proclamation, and
making his head-quarters at Pensacola on the 18th
he published an ordinance establishing a City Council
to preserve order and levy taxes. On the 19th he pro-
claimed quarantine regulations. On the 20th he divi-
ded the Territory into two counties, establishing courts
of justice, &c. On the 21st he illustrated his powers
of Captain-Generalship by sending a body of soldiers
and arresting the ex-Spanish Governor, taking him out
of bed at night, because the ex-Governor would not
give up certain papers; and when he protested at the
indignity offered his person, Jackson sent him to prison.
The United States Judge then issued a habeas corpus,
to bring the ex-Governor before him, whereupon Gen.
Jackson ordered the Judge before him, and would have
sent him to prison, had he not suspended his judicial
functions. Next, Governor Jackson sent and searched
the Spanish Governor's house, obtained the papers, and
released his prisoner. A few days after, the ex-Gov-
ernor and his Spanish friends published some strictures
upon Gen. Jackson's conduct, whereupon he immedi-
ately banished them from the country, ordering them to
quit in four days, under penalty of imprisonment.
Such was the beginning of Gen. Jackson's exercise of
the powers of a Captain-General of Florida, and which
were a significant premonition of the manner he could
and did exercise the powers of Chief Executive Magis.
trate of the Republic. The government of Gen. Jackson
in Florida was terminated by act of Congress, March 3<,
1822, providing for a regular Territorial Government.
Florida was admitted into the Union, as a State, in 1845.
,Ever since the search of Juan Ponce for the "Foun-
"tain of Youth" within her borders, Florida has been a
land of hopes and fancies-fancy has painted her in
bright and brilliant colors-she has been represented as
containing twenty millions of acres of the best lands in
the world-where the fruits of St. Domingo grew wild-
where the olive tree flourished as well as in France, and
having a million of acres of coffee lands, she could supply
the world with sugar, coffee, &c.
And when the subject of her acquisition was before
Congress, JOHN RAHDOLIPH said, "Florida, Mr. Speaker,
"Florida, Sir, is a land of ponds and swamps, and quag-
"mires, of crocodiles and alligators, and snakes and
" frogs, and fevers-no man will ever emigrate to it-no,

The truth lies between the extremes. Florida is a di.
versified country, having good lands and poor lands,
swamps and everglades, clear lak es, big springs and bean
tifl bays filed with delicious fish. It has a climate un-
surpassed for its genial uniformity, and for its health-
reotorlng and lifo-presering qualities; a large portion
it is an evergreen country, where flowers are in perpetual
bloom and the tropical fruits ripen unceasingly, and
although within its limits has never been found the
"Fountain of Youth," it is here more than anywhere
else on Earth's surface, where are cured and alleviated
most of the bodily ills which "flesh is heir to."
The historical incidents and events enumerated herein,
were gleaned from a very able and interesting Lecture
upon the History of Florida, delivered at Key West the
last winter by Hon. WM. MARTIN5 United States Judge
for the Southern District of Florida.
KEL.SEY-PARSONS.-At Calvary Churche, Thursday, May 19,
Rev. Dr. Hawks, Wm.A. Kelsey, Jr., of Milfrrd, Conn.,to Missaiz
A.Psa Onsof this ity. CF' Au ta, O., papers please copy.
MARTIN-HAGGART.-On Thuraday afternoon, May 1,'by Rev,.
J. P. Hermance, Mr. T. Dwight Martin to Mim Chritiam Haggart all
ci i. iry.
NASH-r.RT7TF.-Al Critlde. Pa. Mal 10, JahO MiUn Uah
f lI 1c. Ntr,.I Jr L.., oaagbher r ofl'Rbcr CarTr.
P.'YNE-HE.NDERSON -At Laurel, In d., May 1, Gee. WV. PaB;e
to Mi"s M I.rg sit.. Iesaeraon.
THOMAf-- CHCESTER.-On Tharsday. May 19. bFRev Cyras
A F, '1 Fre'lernc Tbuma ard Mary ChsoCher, unsgter ol A b jr
IIrlr -iatrr of Nr-'York.
TUW Nl-R-CANN-May 18, byl Rev. H R. Nye, C.Irn A. Turr,.r
to Awarda II Eidtr:[ d.ugbhTrer of Jutan Can, Eq uver.,mith, al oof
BfmoF 13n.
VAN PFI.T--CATLISLE -A! Philu i-lohih Pa. ,Jhn Van, c.d
Nwt w c.ra Cry. to At iJoeeplmn. Ja"'. Edy iA .Auht6r 0t LI. ladt
Win. S. Carlisle.
WARREN-TIBBITS.-At Troy, N. Y. May 16, John Hobart
Warren to ELIZABETH, daughter of Geo. M. Tibbits.
WYETH-CHAMBERLAIN.-At St. Louis, Mo., May 10, Gse. M.
Wyeth to Miss Maery E., eldest daughter of the late B. B. Ghambarialn.
ALLEN-IIALL.-At Binghampto, N. Y., May 17, Hugh Allen, of
ihe CirTy or io N,.ort, to Jrpbhrina E. M u ly O.Ontaer of don. S. I.
I! Br.
JLAN-IICHABDS-Mayv 19. by h Rev Tbs. Armtage, Mr. Ieac
D'ad, rTe MiasoEI ltL J. R i-j:hbii.l, jare N- \'t...
JANE--R.ELSEY -May I9, 18'i. e rv R,-. N. J. Mrclnsua, Mr.
Sillerit R. Jaines ito Mis Aisr'a.riJa Kii. v Oll othi ,,ry.
MIi:c E LL-JON lF--At WiliunnW rbh, 1.ay 2n. by Rev James
%V ltcLane, Itobet Mt. itchEl lo ELizabeLh, only daegater ooiJo.pb
QUINCY-P!ERC.-A.t Dr.,Te-st.r,. 7l!., May 18, Samuel
Quincy, of Ptulaidelt.Lu., to Mr r/ Lo.iuma. otauQ r of Samtuel B.
RUT'CLEDGE-BALL.-At Charleston, S.C., May12, Dr Hagb R.
Elrt .-1e-( leoArneia W eldest daughter of the late leas 0. Bail.
*ti0 'di5i,6N-WiVlIrE.-May 19, by Rev. Thoe. Armitage, Mr.
James H.Thompson to Aliss Celenia White, late of this city.
TOWNSEND-LOVETT.-At Philadelphia, May 18, Charles A.
Townsend, of Mew-York, to Elizabeth, daughter of the late Jabea
TIURNBUiLL-BUTLE.IL-In Parish of!berville, La, Mayi Wil-
liam B. Turnubll, ofthe Parish of West Felician, t;o daroine wan-
wick. daughter of Col. E. G. W. Butler.
VO$iDY-GILBERT.-At Grove-st. Church, New-Jersey,Wednea.
daymorniig, May 18, by the Right Retv. Bishop (Doane) of te Diocese,
Joseph H. Vondy, M. D., to Mrs. Cornelia M. Gilbert.
WHIPPLE-SSiMMS.-At Washington. D C 1. M, I, E. A. h bip-
pie, United States Navy, to Miss Camilla. d,. zhtr.r 1 le,_ U. ,t.anra
WILLIS-HALLOWELL.-At the ]rm Av" H.i., Mni -,,. t. L -to
Honor Mayor Westervelt, Mr. Edmund P. s J.i, rt) ii Sar,.h L
Heallowell, both of Long Island. '
WRIGHT-GREEN.-At Williamsport, Pa., May 10, Theodore
Wright, Editor of Gazette, to MiAAuigust, eldest daughter of J.Mon-
tsyue Green, M.D.
BOYKlN--NISBET.-AtMi,con.! a. MaT la Sa.Oael E Bc.-kin., ,
Columbus, Ga, toLauraJ.,e'.deat aduht:rtor bi,.[ m soem A. Nt.,.'-.
GARDI'EBR-ROBINSON.-In Washimgton, Ohio, May 3,+ Mr.
George B. Gardiner, Editor of Tho Fayette Era, to Miss Maria Amanda
PRINE-WILLARD.-At Friendship, May 6, by Rev. Mr. Kidder,
Mr. JamesoprinetoMissRosanna Willard, allof Cuba.s.
PRINE-POTTER.-At Cuba, May 10, byRev. Mr. Kidder, Mr.
Lewis Prine to Mirs Flora Potter, iallof Cuba,
ROBERTS-BOUGHTON.-May 28, by Rev. W. F. Collins, Mr.
George W. Roberts to Mis)Phebe F. Boughton, both of Bridgeport,
ROBINSON-STRONG.-At Cuba, May 10,, by Rev. Mr. Kidder,
Mr. Dudley Robinson to Miss Zipny Strong, both ofClMrksvile.
WILLIAMSON-GUNTER.-At Hnuntsaville Ala., May10, MrfJas.
Williamson, late of New-York, toMiss Susan A. Gunter, of .Madison
County Ala.
BAKER-BALDWIN.-IIn[.t c.a thc a 17th ;net. blyRvr.
John Chambers, D.D.Damrnl I B.E.:Bt r i., N. J. to iamrr[,.
Il. daughter of Chas. Baldwi,, Eeq. ci. lti formerr [p.:e
BW ES-MOORE.-At LkT-.rtr lIli.. 0.,7 I?, Mr Auron .EL
Barnes,to Miss MaryE.Mcor:, ,:' io,:thO.lT, Sr. Laii-.:- Co., N.Y.
- BROOWN-ATWATEIL-LDC.ieE.-,L',u.,O ,-.Myil-,,D Mf BroWia,
of Cincinnati, to LucyM. D..tri. ro" Cud--b Anrarer.
BROSONONS0-RONSON--Ail(..,:e-ra N. Y M.; 18. Mr. J K.
Bronson of Waterbury, Conn., to Miss Louisa M. B urosaon
CLENDENIN-HA TES.-AtPhiladelphia, Po., J.otn S. C -Idoare.,
Attorney-General of U. S. for the Territory of V- lndnrT.~, to las
Sallie E., youngest daughter of Ana Haines. - ....... -..-
CLIFTON-HASTINGS.-A nl i0, r[ r.-O,1ort'a Haoetver a-inare.
London, bytheArchbishopofC.'.t-rl.urv, F C., tuitiL-rio I f .L[Do,
of Lytbam-ball, to Lady E. M. Hi.ara, eii.itdauehter f the Mlu.
chionees of Hastings. .....
S COMKLIN-BERRIAN.-OnWednesdayMay 25, by Rev. Stephen
Maotindale, Mr. J. Spencer Conklin to Miass mma.., third daughter
of Jefferson Berrian, Eg., all of this tty.
CROOKS-WILLETS.-In Delhi. Mich,MayS, Rev. Adam Cdrooks.
of Medina Co., 0. to Miss Elizabeth L. Willetes, formerly teacher in the
Michigan Wesleyan University. .
DASSAUVILLE-BOXBX--At Montreal, C. E. May 18, Dr. Win.
Alston Dasauville, Royal Artillery, to Kate, second daughter of Rear
Admiral Boxer. C. B.
DURHAMSEARES.-AtDelhi, N.Y, May 20. Mr. Peter C. Durham
of New-Haven, Conn. to Miss Angeline Sears ofMeredith.
FIELD-ABEL.-At St. Mark's, Kennington. England, April S0
Frederick Field, of Caldera, Chili, to Augusta Annie, youngest daugh
ter of T. L. Abel, of Kennington-terrace.
FOWLER-GREELEY.-Thursduay, May 26, by Rev. W. W. Wal,
lace, Mr. William W. Fowler to Miss Xerisa W. Greeley, all of this
cit&TON-ARTHUR--At the British Legation, Florence, April 28,
Theodore Howard, eldest son of J. Howard Gallon, of Hadzor, Wor-
ceaterchire, to Frances Amelia, for th daughter of the Right Hon. Sir
George Arthur Bart.
GRILAY--LOCKWOOD.-In Williamsburgb, ThursdaymorningMay
26, by Rv. E. S. Porter, George Hunter Gray. of New-York, to Eliza-
bethLockwood of Williamsburgh.
HENDERSON-GRIFFITH.-AtFort Smith, Ark., May 25, Capt.
F. Hendersaont U. S. Army, to Lizzie A. eldest daughter of the late
Capt. Geo. Griffith, of Hanford Co., Maryland. .
HICKS-KING.-On Thursday morning the 26th mst. by Right
Rev. Bishop Wainwright, Thomas Hicks of New-York to Angeline,
daughter of Dr. T. F. King of Brooklyn, L.I.
HOWLDEN-LAWRENCE.-Thursday May 2, at St. Stephen's
Chnbch, ty Rev. Mr.Embury, FredericHowlden, ofiSheffield, England
to r.iiv Augusta, eldest daughterof Friend Lawrence, Esqi. ot this city
MiLLEiA-BARROW.-May 20, at Mr. John Barrow's, White-
atone, L.1, Iby Rev. Mr Bartov,, Mr. Win. Miller to Rebecca, youngest
daughter of Mr. John Barrow, of London, England.
SEALY-MEEKER--At Newark, N. J., May 26, by Rev. Thomas
Gallaudct. of this city, Thomas Sealy to Mary L., daughter of John
Meeker, all of the formerplace.
BUTZ-MAGNIUS.-In New-York, May 21, Caspar Butz, of Boston,
and Juliet Magnus, youngest daughter of H. C. Magnus, Esq., of New-
FOSTER-WETHERBEE.-In Bosto, May 25, hy Rev. Dr. Young,
Mr. Joseph W. Foster to Miss Hannah W etherbee, daughter of Elijah
T. Wetberbee, Es ,all of Boston.
SEARLS-NILES.-On Wednesday, May 25. in the Presbteriai
Church at RensseleervilleAlbany Co., N. Y, by Rev. C. Richards, Mr.
Niles Searls, Attorney-at-Law, 0fBellmont, Alegany Co., formerly of
Nevada, Cal., to Miss Maery Coriathia, second daughter of Hon. John
Niles, of Reneselaerville.
THOMAS-GARRETTSON.-At St. Louis, April 7, by Rev. Wil-
liam R. Cunningham, Mr, Elihu B. Thomas, of Tew.-Xork, to Mitss
Imoi e C. Gerretrson of St. Looea.
DCKSON-PANTON.-At Glasgow, Scotland, April 29, John
Dickson, of Toronto, Canada West, to Margaret, only daughter of Jas.
Panton merchant of Glasgow.
GUERNlSEYCOWPF.RTHWAITE.-At Philadeitohia, May 23,
James W. Guernsey, of Tioga Co., Pa., to Rebecca W, daughter of
Win. Cowperthwaits.
HALL-QUINCY.-At Baltimore, Md., May 26, James Hall, of
Oreon, to Miss Sallie J.Qniucy. a
JOHNSTON-AUSTIN.-Inthis city, on Wednesday evening, May
25, by Rev. Mr. Baldwin, Mr. George Johnston to Miss Cathacine A.,
daughter of the late James Austin, of the village of West Farms,
Weatchester Co., N. Y.
KIMBALL-RICHARDS.-In Netr.T-.o3. u N. H., May 18, hb
J. H. Allen, Esq., Mr. Beonj. Kimbali. .* ,iA.:.,, Me., to Mr0t M .-Jl
Richards, of Sutton, N. H.
MAGOWAN-DAVIS.-At Mount Sterl.r.;. Fy, May 17, William
C Magowanenof Montgomery, and Mis (si.., eldest daughter of
eon. Gxrett'Davis, of Bourbon.
McCARATNEYcNAIRl.At Rochester, N. Y., May 25 Matthew
McCartney, ofDunsville, to Miss Francis, daughter of the late Judge
MeNair, of Sparta, Livingston Co.
MASON--tUSSEY.-At Mount Auburn, May 25, Lyman Maon,
ofBoston, Mars., to Mary L, daughter of Dr. It. D. Mussey, of Cm-
SI.'.' CO M B- MA..O -At Providence, R. I., May 24, Henry S.
Newcomb, U. S. Navy, to Miss Laura, daughter of the late Major M.
MPULFORD--BACKEN.-At Mineral Point. Wig., May 12, Rev.
D. Pulford, of Lockport., Il., to Miss Mary Downing, daughter of Jun.
5. Bracken.
PENDLRTON-CLARK,-At Salem, Mass., May 25, Joseph A.
Pendleton, of New-York, to Miss Susan A. Clark.
RISIIG-GOULD.-At Rochester. N Y., MaB .21. Cl.,.Iia H.
Rising, merchant of Troy, to Miss ElizabethA ., ti ,dst ,L.axtre, of
the Judge Samuel Gould, of Brighton..
VACEOE--MOOBE.-At Philadelphia, Pa., May 24, Samuel Vance
to Mary Ann Moore. _______
BUTERR AtNew-Albany, Inm., May 18, Mr. H. Ruter, the newly
appointed Postmaster... .
-SHOItTER.--At Montgomery, Ala., May14, Reuben C., son of Co 1
11- C. Shorter.
TWIGGS.--r. s AoAnr O tMon 1. Mojr'G,.orne L Ti-sir. the
second son of .sl.r'i jhla ri'.t. ol P .] ,nI. V .,-,e...'r.. "nho
a' .Cn.-ut-,'d ". ,h: p" r..,.t.',r -c-9 c.noC t,, tel,. pro.l in.
thc lenlorv c.,l'uJ rllte and brl..ies el" lajer-,Jeur.ra lav.e i >.i:. : 1"
P-FR'iin'c -A- Kns.isr'nu. Jd-ra.,. n the lSL, in'.-, of Pever.
(-h-.;lie W rsru.,,ol t'o,.ir,5.Ni.. '.m i ..I- r..'r'.ii.(, or-
the trrH-oetl o I C ,.: n., nor'. r!vm r .r- d I [ c, Nt">r. A[rJ
RL.E P-Orn lir:,.iae ar,.:.rr..: Msa 2. '1f Cr..t.. Hra C,.r. rb.
ond.dCti 'il. ul. Dr J -,.,, A. -d : r-i.' ', B...d ,.r..I 1 .... n
orrt ,,h ssd~ "dn. ,
It~hFBlT1.-'iio Iit.' etiLin:ro'' ia 2s.ri, of cl. :*{ ut... ri !h
km, r.roi a.-a:,, j..^u F.^T-. ...*.'. firm of l 'iT..'t. 'Ai., .s
A'tCttlC'lN.-It. Pasei N '' .1l,e 1,''.,l Jotii Ar.:;7 .**. ..; i "1
,[,r *'. r!, r r[.d u':.:l r '-i'- :.- 'i. l .~** r' --.
} i.TI i. -Un Fr,...;. Slay -' V.. .' , I .' .'.- .
Ih~tl ';Ai'.--l. ll,, r.H .ur, iL..-,r. .'. ,.-,-,- .' 1 _, -' J I,. ', r ,
,oi'.Iif.c.C1 aneB A. Fr,..ucaD '.: .111 ,.*rs ul ,.
.lulRi U N Ar ',r, [Jt-lk, 'Jrt,.. M!L. -,' llnlr.,. 1 I = In, I'. *: *-.'
M AF. -I'Jr, f, d ." 51 ,r i .r '. -.. .*; .', a ..
N A.\P l "- -._-- r.- 5 r'.inV .., ,i]-- UiL/ .,t ,l .. r .: .E.- ".1-r

OtlI r -A 'I o clod kn Ithe , ol'Mady 5,' Haw Mott, ,o
le ,u-.iheaar fie age.
PAGE.-On Sunday evening, May 29, Edward Lausdon, oldest son
of Jese T.andI Sarah A. Page, aged 9years and 26 days.
PEE-AtTuskegee,Ala., Feb. S, of consumption, De Witt C.
Peek, in the 61th year of his age.
SMITH-On Sunday, May 20, after a long and painful illness, Edwin
Smith, eged 62 years.
THORP.-On Sunday, May 29, James Thorp.
ELMENDORF.-In th city, May 28 Ana W, infant daughter of
E. Enlmendorf, Jr., and Ann Wright, deceased, aged 10 months.
PUSHEE.-At Antigonibh, Nova Scotia, May 5, Jane, relict of tha
late Nathan Pusthee, Trumpet MaIor in thestaffof George Washing-
ton, in the Revolutionary ar, aged 10& She had settle at Antigo-
nithin 1784. She was born in Ireland, but came to America in early
life, and was first married to a man named Porter, and had one son by
him vlin i, BnoA- ale would he upward of 80 years of age. ferhui-
taiLd di d at OtIlow uI 18il, after his admission as a Revolutionary
pensioner, and receiving several years' back pay. She had 10 children
70 grradd children, 67 great grand children i and 147 descendants alto.
gether, and was respected by allrhe knew her.
Ar. at New-Bedford 24th, bark Bevis, Snaiel, Indian Ocean, St. Hel-
tiaA AiLr, 1, 'lLhh.,is bhlo.sp. oil. Reports old. finm. Mahe last of Dec.
ilw,.,.i. Pri, d N B 350 sp, 80 wbr to cruise. Spoke Jan. 25, of
Seycheles, Muttr-iuna, Kemptbe'ltB., clean; AltoCarr do., 950
sp.; Dove, Rose, N.L., 400 op., (wrho rep no date, Win. Henry, Jones,
Warren); Cathetweod, Allen Westport, 550 sp.; Elisha Dunbar, Ellisi
do., 700 sp., Millinoket, Worth W en, 108 sp.
Arr. at HS. Helena April 6, Cornelia, Devoil, N.B., 650 sp., 200 wh,4
James Andrews, Beetle, do, 200 ep. on board. 7th, Pioneer, Babcoek,
Greenport, 40sp., 200wh. 9th, Charlotte S.H, 400sp. 12th, I.M
Hall. Manchester, Fall River, 40 sp. Sil. about March 12, Malta
Smith, N. B., clean. Heard from, no date, &c., Barclay, Taber, N. B
300 sp. SpokeMayl8, lat.1S 29N, lon. 56 85B She erdess, of mll
for Mystic, fm-. North Paelifie ofil not reported. 22d, onOrthern Edg
Gulf Stream, Phonir, of and for N. L., do.
Sid. fin. do. 24th, ship Ocean, Fuller, Pacific Ocean.
The following is a corrected report ofbark Sun, at Mattapoisett 21sti
furnished by Capt Flanders. That published yesterday was furnisheS
by the mate, from memory: Spoke Jan. 21, at Trtan, barks Carolina,
Case, Greenport, 275 wh.; Wolga, Dimmick, Fairhaven, clean 17th.
Clama Bell, Flanders Mattapoisett. S130 sp. 80wh. Febh., lat. 32 54 S,
Ion. 10 E., Cornelia, bevoll, N.B, 320 sp, 280 wh., and 3 small sp. whs.
24th, at. 22 20 Ion. 9 40 E, rig Pioneer, Babcock, Greenport, 1 sp.wh.;
bark Noble, Nichols, Sagharbor, 200 sp, 600 wh. 25thblat.2220, Ion.
10, Samuel and Thomas Poole, Mattapoiset, clean.
Arr. at New-London 21it, ship Alert, Belles, North Pacific Ocean
via Sandwich Islaends, with 200 bbbl sp., 2,00 do. wh. oil, and 30,09
*bs.bone. Spoke Jan.24,lat. 44 S., Ion. 179ibl., ship Albion, Fairhaven,
t850 wit.
250 ep., 1,850 wb.
Ai. atdo. 22d, brig Georgiana, Buddington, New-York, to fit fui
Arr. at Mystic 22d, bark Eronaut, fin. South Shetlands, last reported.
m iit l J;'.,- j I.rl ..,,I
A letter reacted frm let officer ...fbark Sarah, Mayhew, ofMsat-,.rf, dctr JMa i h20, lat.24 S, Ion. 8 E, reports hbr with 7f
tbbl a T-,. .il..
(Ci i at Sn Frarc.,co April 23, ships Nile, Asake, whaling. 26fbl,
Meteor, Crapo, do ..
Spoken-Mayl 17, I 61 Ion.7357, schr Mucntrey, F2hur, of .d
fin. Edgartown, with 2u bbla. oil.
Cld. at New-Bedford 25th, bark Iowa (of Fairhaven), Merrithew, Ab.
lantio and Indian ocBams.
Air. at Mystic 22d, ship Aeronaut, Eldridge, 67 ds. from Falkiand Isl-
ands, with 1,200 bbls, oil Spoke, no date, &c., ship Hudson, Cliff,
Mytic, 150 bbls.; al well.
Ar. at do. 24th, bark Shepherdess, Watrous, Pacific Ocean, frill (oIl.
at Honolulu Dec. 15, for home, with 120 op. 200 wh.).
A letter from Capt. Taber, of bark John A. Parker (of New-Bedford)
7etr.omt- li r F,1. 21 lat. 57 S., Ion. 68 W., with 120 bbls. sp. oil, bona
It.) [, pj'e,,,.. On the night of 15th Feb., off Falkland Islands, expe-
rienced a very ae uae gale of windfm. WSW., blowing very heavy b r
31 hours ; the bark was thrown on her beam ends, had a ctoae-reefed
main topsail blown into ribbons, besides losing two boats, two davits,
slide-boards and cranes. The boats were well secured with tackles and
fasts, but the gale was ao sudden that they only had time to save oars,
&c., from one boat. Capt. Taber adds: I have been in two hurri-
"canes on previous voyages, but I never experienced a gale as heavy
"as this; and our goodbark performed her duty well, which places
"her, in our estimation, among the best of sea-boats. Our lees will in
nowisee cripple us for whaling, and in a i'.w days wa shllJ gair. he in
prettyty good order."
A letter from C apt fIarliner, of ship Sylph, of Fairhaven reports
beratSt.Thomias. '. I May 2 with 78,bls. op., 150 do. hump k oil.
Toubhed at TUlr,. Jan. 1 Gen. Washington, Edwards, N B., 2 200
bbls e 25th. Tybee Barber, ton, 1 000 do; Pacific, Pease, Fairhaven,
1,100 do.; Feb. 11 Mary, Bale,: dgartown, 130 do,
Sr.eot.-i--M' 8, lat 30 0, lon.52 40, brig Leonidas, of Westport,
w litn jPgl bbls ,?p.
No oi, t. Cape Horn., shir. Hector, ofN. B.
Mar, 1., iir 21 1i S.. It. I t18 E., brig Charlotte, of Sagharbor, with
If ib (.11.
Marci 0, ilat. .4 5.. lIo S E., Sarah, Mayhew, Mattapoisett, with
V sp
Art a Ni.Ltcndion 24th, hipr, Phibac, Br,:-a'ter I'm. .Ard,- Ocran
-w1i, h I- U .lals Gi ii,,J ,l,,'011 D b0n. Lol a' St -len. Apt 9, bsak
C6i...,ime.. oBiu Gr.c urt. 42 i p. -'StI -.h -f.t L.hortor, Sels Harbos ,
rl P. I.1'I ll',itri h beatr, e ri r.j'1.d ih1 4 ,, ;P.,
I1T,. tm SE I Frrnacic., Jtith tin. siltip Ml.ttor. whaim.
ONl \.lpar(i ApiJ II, FnJ`caai. Lt, of New-.L,.dnw, Witb 2,MO
l.ila i e .
At d,. April I5. -ri Jonror, Hammo-nd, oft Nr.-.BdforJ.
Ar P-,to April i Fh;p Marner. CAUi.o, o Narc.:ker. ci-ndoimed.
The Bc-li.nes. 01of 6aem, wh. h had. fm. [ea&,uLa t1h u11 "st
Bad nl",p. (1 c, bhictf-_h Oil..
The Bear Fra.rkl.n. Browr, of Bev-erly, which aid. fm. d.?. snme
djit, Iad 11" L T.,1 rio.. biackLjih Hd lu-,.1 ,ne unM ar n ea e.ed iinded
:',St oo b r,. o ,r -,h r uIUow ore ,t r S, M.'ofwhom died; hb ,oroier rvo
lrco rerc d. Capt. Rro'vn ,ud droer oticer htad borh t.e-on GoI uson urad,i t
'Inur Ind r,-oaicd. The Fi-lmiU r,,ir, th%, \ ire.ioju. P,:--leagil, of
Orincrd,. I mo. our, clear. ELhot. ofl rnJro. i12 mnr-, out. 90 ap.
Ar Judin FriUJ,ie: .- M.rch 11 Lcib, Pa;'JiL&, Adima, Ediairiown. *0
,p l I s' icirtr i. fo brini e. via P.,, Irii, ru.
Ar Now-7Zeatiad Dec a. alip SheffieId, Roa.,. Cold Spineg, 60op.
] .fi" 0 v. -5,.000c ,ltine.
Spkten Ma, 2T, Io t BW tIon. 74 11. bria Le'os Brnuco. of and Isom
Oildenm, i5dan aout, old not te1.-.-rd.
Sid from Prainet...-u'2lmh, achr Siianr, ()l Sandy cn) AtlatCt
Arr. at Nantucket 26th, schr. Hamilton, McGuire, from a cruise, with
4bbls. blackfishandt25do Ew uil
S Arr. atNew-Bedford tlt h,o, I_. til,, V" Mhorzin Ia, r.
fic Ocean, Bay of Islani', Fit, '-a, it':' t.l rP. iu. .not -15h' G12
bbls. wh. oil frutom ship [,l Bit.ri. N1 B l.,ft a. ..:i ri 'liai,,,.., ,tups
Narragansett, Coleman, Naat .I -,, tp rA.]-'rrdi N.e. . 1 ."'ip Al-
ha, Coa1dan, do. 5,cnp : AIlclnri',,., ..eisma. lo. I.S.-u op. Lat,,lo
tucker, I .B., 400 sa f .ei'ti' tI 1r;h,:.-. t1-ui... ,. 4..r.. L"u 'r-h.;
Empire,Henry, do., cteai, ril Mu.r r,, Cans ,Is. -I,5i,',ip Co'4at-
in. NLa. MJU-.. Wnrren. tic -,, .A c ..I., Lt -ot,:., Fl..,... [,70t
iv -., tr's .jrrune ofi.Slrr.c, 5' 8p .'i.-, i.,l.:le'31. r 1 i 1, S
Ioan. IJ \V., hi)Ohio,.ritnr N.I; i-f. .1 2,I', wh ; jisleh J21.. Ia
08N.,Ion. 64 OW.,bwl. 5-a Pete. cpl.ui, aV0.rpjr, si-ria E%,
blowing a gale.
Also err. ship Liveipeol, Barker, N. Pacific Ocean, Honolulu Jan. ,
St. CatharinesApril 8, with 1,7450 bbl. wh, 16 do. sp. oil, and 2,00 1bO
bone. Lett eat St. Catharines, brig America, Clark, Mattapoistt, 150
op. Spoke May 26, lat. S9 56 N., Ion. 7010 W., schr. Hanover. oi Prov-
incetov-n, 4 ds. out, clean.
Also arr. ship Florida, Little, N. Pacific Ocean, Honolulu Dec. 17,
Sunday Islands Jan. 24, Monganui, N. Z., Feb. 12, with 2,100 bbls. wh.
190 Op. tp. oil on board. Sent hems 20 blls. sp. and 36,000 lb bone. Re-
ports touched at Monganui in Jan. and Feb., Albion, Sowle. Fairhaven,
,800 wh, 260 sp. and sld for a short cruise and home ; Henry Knee-
land, Vinl, N B., 1,800 vh., 60 ep. and sld.for Japan Sea; Columbia.
Hellock, S. Harbor, 800 wh., to cruise; John Howland, Taylor, N. B,
800 wi., for Arctic Ocean; Trident, Tuber, do, 1000 wh. for do.;04 PIl,. Fizl,, .en,200wh.,fordo.; Elizabeth Balker, N. B.,
f .p. .r c -- rinthian, Stewart, do,600 bbla., for Arctic;
C-i, fVtl,,n i. ..-rmi,. N. London, 1,200wh ,50 sp., fo do.; Para-
liir. Btlc".ro i. P I 200 wh., SO sp.; Ocmulgee. Cottle, Holmeaf
Hoi.-. Ii,',h t, tf',Ip thoe Ocmulgeereports off Three Kings in Jan.
L.,- n 'r1 ,', '.-.. B -.I sp, since having Oabu); Feb. 13, lat. 35 20
I. x !.' F. ,tI'r Coam. Preble, Lamphier, Lynn, lOOsp. since
Ir ltev i i(, tm ,-" ialuod, home, (the Com.P. reportsno date, tartbah
Chose, N. B., with 50 p. since leaving a Bar of Islands a few yas pre-
vious); March 6, lat. 4830 S., Ion. 155 07 W., spoke ship Erie, Black-
mear, Fairhaveon, had taken 450 wh. since leaving Sandwich Islands,
(when she had 80 sp., 2,300 wb ) bonnd to the coast.
Sld. fin. 0o.27th, ship Ocean, Pacific Ocean, (not 24th); bark Iowa,
Atlantic and Indian Oceanrs.
Arr. at Mystic 27th, ship Coriolanus, Grinnell, North Pacific Ocean,
I'u1 llw l l repor: Es wnh I iI,' i.- l- i. r.oil 1
A I teva bma -t cI,, alt. atk nae. l'rot,.c. iMa n :4E'Bedford, 50 or
dt I hi'e 6p, oil.
Suh lla -iL.L-i. ,\ ,111,6. c.fl r .t- R .i..ri. .., Hono-lulau l .,.i' had
I.-l1J-l 1 1i 1'[ I I I *l1 .I "P I L.V th III lh V-',,,,- :k. a. d d ..I J'- s1' l
a. ihe i0, k. r 'ri.,.lji r ",
bq. bcr.' rub'n V, ri. Nk.- B3.0,-.1.i' .;onlrnloa A,.rti l, hd
I',\r,,', ] In,, .i.I .I li 1 d ,', -1. 11. G lL7 tl- -. 11 '\ 'llr-n L, 1l I .& ld
] (i S v I.. rt '.I F i.,; 'll,,1,
A it. tl..r t'rr.', Isp.I rh. i r .-.n, .1' "hip C leone, fjl" N wN -R 1 .,rd. ra-
p.-r, i .. r in itj ul r. 1 a' i. .ulc lini .r:l, I- ir.'.,n L h.iu, a, irii, .i. -' ."-. Ip.
Oli V,'unt._;v. f l',r th, p'Jrl.UL,C ef FA-jpTlg-'1 e~lB .*;l, h. } ',c .- '*, ...J. ,i rjtUI.
sO in ~,'. ...j1.J . ,1 in tit ,y lra a lautr ..r'a. i t f pr r.[-rrO uF .j id
tb,:- r- ,, Ith .' *'i 1',- (0 .-..
[ 'c j[.lu O \io In. I I, ti, iP Ji .i,.,r a'n rj *I ni I. NW-
L(i'r1rl i r-- I ,,r. lh^. k ,, ,.n- f .r, l ,,-,-r f" i r ,i ibin-
i.LL. 101 aiJd I.,r [I. o-L,.t,,ii',. 3" -p F 'W ib Tl's. F'm,J, inportm
ru,.-_- 1 I ,nl Ir i 1 ;],,',,o nlal. rrii.i a r n., rrr.,rl.IL.-.
A I i,:r i r,,m t .hl i.r h-I,. .,-..f Ir. '1 ,. aa o l' e-v redf,,ilJ, re-
eror. h t r H a ,.iaUlu m l ML .:It ', ,,..,r, p,. 5i,:, ri-'i s a" '' i.sJ s.
o. pl, r ..ttirp rt..,: !inrtli.ry. H-'il. to' <-t..n't r,. I.' ti'a wldela .,*
Ci Lc-.'d. sJ'e 9c M nr.l.v to -l, boAU, .l i it,,,he ,Jc.l0I`q .-i
., [ fT 11 1 [ fu.. -. I' L'l ') .t', 11' m I < B *i rla-l' .- l
,h t Ii p I l.t.. li1 B'. '. ,.il.i,, li I l P .., n t-:,'oal
v I- l' L,1- l i. hD p. I ,.M r I... itr Itcu b:l o i I"+ -14.a
i.;-.r .nv .-..i r-. ,-it, Sr. ICe iu _i,, i .I IIt,,..,l ,. iia asd had no d fli-
,uLI'1,'. ,rh tL.r rC a hil 1 11 E I d v h r .,. .
.i- 'tr fr r Cnur, %' I ,. i','P i '. .' I S .,,'11 i.fl1d sin Hono-
ini,, M .a. b, 1 r 'i hul .1 ,II-f..u 1.o ,', br, ou w oo,, per Ste.
ib rn Lbr.- :, 'f, r N *I, 11 d n d
.\% .'-[ter .. ,pi .. N.. II.r.f," .u..p C, '.i., .l N.B, reports herat
T1 ....., l ii M .r. IJ ','- wnlmt cii -e 1. 11 lJ. 1 ell 1
A .,~aF t,.C.y C ct~at -f .I,..lm t. rdwart ci 1 r.en
.ci.'I l' 1 ." eoCn. 5 'i a5 i.'t .' : l,[ t.' i ," ,. b Pi :.' E ""
jt.i r L pr it n i- .',+ ., 7, +, i.' ,, *1 lo de. 1n rt..+f,.'t ,,,I ond
t..-..irj, rakr ", hctr',:. ,r l-esnm Ii.i ',,L .: II r'- rJl. [u- t.I l'.t,. .,dl *i t
4:+[,:/, r,- t .H..,. i -. pj .bl ." I-,J !", '+ )' Jq '% .l Fs a-rjd J21 du l,...S-.mb
i; f c; SrL I 'r' : I.,,r.,.'.Lr. f r .Ntr ,-.Tc.^','rd
A il-L[..r I,. Cl lt .r,,r cL. .1 ,k It.i,.-rT Marm in, o' N B il, .t-de
3i. tilnIsm] A ,.'ll tt. th i, *. ii. 'n~i | l ,,.u I.' Im 1 .1 17 J,.. Ip. .,rI'l.r,:r. 1S rsr Be N I AbClI a iL ,ne oatek, od was bomol
,., it-,. N.\> IL." ,..,
,\ Irtl. rinn, t..rr g6,rl/e., it hcP, tlello, ,)f N.B... ruT-prthliar
E ti+Jo...l jiH &I,.rl'-h ty, w'thI;I t 1,1+ 1'l, I. [,"1 OJ hemal1, ail weL-. I,.-.JU>A-I
A iLLt .ir. .;m Cir.'l'at it i li".h.[ TI.a s.i0 Snairc-.n. or N.B., reports
I.'hral FH.,n I u.., ,'lni, .1U, tat shbi.ti"l S,427 1illon np. oil, by ship
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Tribune Binilin, Nesw.York.
'o notice can be taken of anonymous Communications.
Whatever is intended for insertion must be authenti-
cated by the name and address of the writer-not
necessarily for publication, but as a guarantee of his
good faith.
We cannot undertake to return rejected Communications.
NEWS.-Any person sending as important news, either by
Telegraph, Mail or otherwise, will be liberally paid,
provided it is used by us.

Taa BiBz CON v, TrIONB at Hartford can hardly have
answered the expectations of its authors. Even if it
were advisable to hold such a Convention at all, it were
abeuad to invite mankind in general to ventilate their
igno1anee thereon by speech-making. Frde Speech' is
glorious, but Free Hearing is also precious. To con-
tend for the inalienable right of one man to bore two or
three thousand with rigmarole that they can barely en-
dure, is to maintain a most odious and detestable
tyranny. Had two able speakers from either side, who
had studied the subject to be discussed, been chosen to
appeal alternate hours for or against the Authenticity
and Inspiration of the Scriptures, there would have
been many more hearers, and these would have listened
with greater profit.
Of all the religion we ever heard of, we like least that
which busies itself in picking flaws in other men's lives
or creed. Exposure of immoral lives as of false doc-
trines may sometimes he necessary, but it is poor work
to make a business of. If the Bible beasfaulty as Jack-
Son Davis & Co. considerit, we think they miebght employ
themselves to better adtIantage in setting forth the truth
that transcends it assumingg that they can findsuch)
than in assailing iUs Authenrticity. Men are to be saved
from mirrorr by the manifestation and enforcement of the
truth-by fruitful affirmation, not by negative and de-
structire criticism. It is the mission of the true Re-
former to create, not abolish-' not to destroy, but to ful-
fill.' MIr. Davis seems himself tohave realized this when
he utered "Nature's Divine Revelations"-a book quite
as bard to understand as the old Bible, and not nearly
so easy to rebd. That his Bible don't go,is no good reason
for his making war up:in others.
We believe a proper, courteous, earnest, luminous
discussion of the Authr.rnticity and Inspiration of the
Hebrew and Christian Scriptures would do good. We
think it would demonstrate that the idea of Plenary
nluspiration that many furiously combat, is not that which
is cherished by the Christian world. Christians dol not
Jbeliere that Satan or Job's wife was ever inspired to
talk as the pair of them are represented as talking in the
opening of Job., And so of evil deeds and false words
throughout the Bible, Manythings are recorded in that
bok thati are not thereby approved, and so in other
respects. We should like to print a statement by the
Clergy of this City ofthe light wherein they severally
regard the Bible as of Divine Inspiration. We think it
vwouiildl e found thatsome of the opposers of the Bible
at Hartlbrd fought 'as one who beateth the air.' For
without some such statement, how could the question
proposed be profitably discussed at all ?
Eev. HENRY WARD BEaOHxa replies through The In-
dependent to our strictures on his declaration that he
would prefer to have Slavery abolished twenty-livo years
later in such manner that the result would redound to
the glory of Christ rather than have it accomplished
more immediately by commercial, selfish and prudential
impulses. Ire says:
"Our highest and strongest reason for seeking justice n.-r ii I n.i. the b,-ioflt to men themselves, exceed-
inJply tong cis that mtiiLe is and Ought to be. We do not
join the movement p-irry of our simply because we
are inspired by an inward and constirution.I benevolence.
IVe are conscious of both these motives,and of many other
collateral ones; but we are earnestly conscious of another
fe-ling stronger than either, that lives unimpuired when
tli-ee faint-yes, that giv-s vigor and Fpersiatrntence to these
fit-elinga when they are diem,:aruged. and that is a strong,
peroni'l, enthueriastic lovw for Cnriit Jesu. I regard the
m, -ements of the world toward justieF- and retitaide to be
Bli inspiration. I berliuv. my ..wu n inspirations, having a
lIaoe in my natnirdl l', t,, bh iluei.ed and directed
by .'hrist's Spirit. The mingled alff',noa and adoration
whih I f,'-l Him is ili ltrngestl feeling which Iknaw.
AWhetler I will or ot, whether ith be wie ,r not,. whether it
be a phantasy or a sober sentiment, the fact is the same
Xievethibe:l(.s. ihat that which will give prle,ure to Christ s
heart and bring to my consciousresa si rile (if gladness on
his face-in behalf of my endeavor, ii incalcuibly more to
meb than ,'iny othermiri'e Iwoul'l work for the 6lve fLur
l]i own, but I am .ure that I wruld work ten times as
earr.c-rtlv jor th0 leA\ u for 'hri.t -c s.-A."
Mr. lBeecher uses moire words, but this is the idea.
We do not see that he anywhere meets our point that
to let wrong endure a quarter of a century longer in
order to give the glory of its overthrow to Christ, is
not honoring the Savior but. the contrary. Nay: we
would almost say that he who would permit a wrong to
linger twenty-five years longer that Christ might be
glorified by its downfall, does not profoundly appreciate
the character the Messiah bore and the work to which
he was devoted on earth.
We are not doubting that Slavery and all other evils
will be terminated at the right time and in the right
way. And, as all times are God's, and all instrumental-
ities are truly His. we cannot see why a beneficent re-
sult attained through commercial or economic influ-
ences should not redound to His glory as truly as if it
were achieved through impulses directly Religious.
But, that, assuming the Providential rime for the over-
throw of Slavery to have arrived, we hold that a post-
ponement of twenty-five years in order that the glory
should redound to Christ, would be very unChristlike
if not unChristian.
The Trainer Case created some little excitement
yesterday in Brooklyn. The attached parties were
brought up, when Capt. Rynders excused his conduct
by saying, in effect, that he had mistaken the jurisdic-
-tion of the Court. He was admonished and discharged.
Deputy Sheriff Cropmbey was also discharged, on his
own recognizance; Miss Porter was set at liberty, and
Ith. child placed in charge of Slhdiff Lott, to be dis-
poc d of hereafter.
Ex Gov. JoHNS,-of, of Pa. is in town on the business of
the^Alleghany Valley Raillroad, which is destined to bring
IPittaburgh within e-i)lii',:.n hours of our City, and the
Great Coal Basin of Western Pennsylvania within six
hours of lBuffalo, Rochester and the Lakes. The Pennsyl-
vania portion of the Road is 175 miles long, "and is estim-
ated to cost i;.rui,..o, if:,f which 3.01))0,0o0 have been sub-
scribed as S.ock. The Rlbvd is ali under contract tobe
finished in It ; i. aud 'COe men are n,:,w at work on it, being
all that can le obtained at ijresent, though the Alleghany
Valley is one >.l" the hienjirtest in the world-fevers being
unknown th,-r= \\'Egr.3 it per 03y. New-York-not the

City only, but ibthe tmle-has a deep interest in the coa-
struntion of this Road.

MissouRI does not elect a Legislature this year, but
in August, 1854, when the 'Benton or Anti-Bentonu
contest will be decided. This year only Clerks and
County Officers are to be chosen, save that two of the
seven new Congress Districts (the ILid andVIIth) are
to elect Members ofthe next House, each of the others
having a Memberresiding within its limits elected last
year when the State was divided into five Districts, un-
der the old Apportionment.
In the 1id District, James J. Lindley is the Whig
candidate for Congress, and in the VIlth District, Samuel
Caruther. Gen. Thomas B. English is the Anti-Benton
opponent of the latter.
VxRnoNT.-Thh Whig State Conuention will be held
at Montpelier, June 22. The Free Soil party have re-
nominated their last year's ticket-Lawrence Brainerd
for Governor, Win. M.Pingry for Lt.-Governor, D. P.
Thompson for Treasurer. A strong effort was made to
nominate Win. C. Bradley and unite on him the Demo-
'cratic,' 'Free Democratic" and anti-Liquor Law
interests, but the Convention woUldn't stand it, having
tried coalitions with Soft-Shell "Democracy" thrice,
with large loss of character and small gain of spoils.
Txxrtxssgz.-E. M. Yerger, of Memphis, has been
nominated as the Whig candidate for Congress in that
District, in opposition to F. P. Stanton, (Dem.) who is a
candidate for reElection.
MAINE.-The Eastern District, in Lincoln County, has
chosen a lady for Register of Deeds, in place of Heze-
kiah Coombs, deceased, over Sylvester, the regular
Democratic candidate, and the redoubtable "Mr. Scat-
tering." The meeting was held on Monday last. The
returns show the election of Miss OLIVr Rosa, of
Thomaston, formerly an assistant to Mr. Coombs, as fol-
lows: Miss Rose, 469; Sylvester, 205; Scattering, 40.
ALABAMA.-The Alabama Whig State Convention have
nominated Richard W. Walker, of Florence, as their can-
didate for Governor.
A series of resolutions were adopted, advocating State
reform, internal improvements, education, and judicial elec-
tions by the people. _
PENs SLVANIA.-The Free Domcc ramic Stats Convention
assi mbled Jone 3, at Harrisburgh, and nominated William
M. Stephenson, of Mercer, Judge of the Supreme Court; Dr.
Robert Mitchell, of Indiana, Canal Commissioner; Neville
B. Craig, of Alleghany, Auditor General; and L. E. Carson,
of Montgomery, Surveyor General.
NZw-YoRK.--An Election was held in this City on Tues.
day, the 7th inst., to decide upon the proposed Amendments
to the City Charter. The Election passed off in avery quiet
and orderly manner,-and resulted in the acceptance of the
Amendments by 33,321 majority in a vote of 36,672,
about three-quarters of the usual poll. The opposition
managed to get 3,351 votes. We give below the complete
returns by Wards, showing the majorities:
Wards. In favor of Amenodmenta. Against. Majority.
I.............. 531 428 103
II................ -318 32 286
HI.............. 989 57 932
IV................ 906 304 602
V................ 1,614 52 1,562
VI.........----....... 866 140 726
VII...........-..2,397 96 2,301
VIII................2,492 121 2,371
IX-.....--...........3,761 191 3,570
X.........---.......--1,927 59 1,868
XI2................2,499 242 2,257
XII................ 705 96 609
XIII...............1,50,1 212 1,349
XIV.................l,.-_d 208 1,090
XV.................Z,'.i .33 2,553
SXVI.................-2,545 125 2,420
XVII..........-----.....3,431 86 3,345
XVIII-................3,323 108 3,215
XIX.........--.......--1,135 361 774
XX..............1,788 400 1,388
Total-------............36,672 3,351 33,321
WASHINGTON, D. C.-The precise question at issue in
Washington at the late Charter Election was this-" Shall
"the City of Washington ask Congress to clothe its Muni.
" cipal Authorities with power to prohibit the sale of In.
"toxicating Liquors 1" Practically it was "License or No
"License," and the result is as follows: License, 991; No
License, 1,963.
-A friend suggests that it was rather harsh in the cit.
zeus of Washington to take advantage of the absence
of Congress with its retinue to throw such a vote as this.
We trust Congress will take the hint here given, and not
only clothe the Washington Councils with the power de-
manded, but regulate their own pot itions by the standard
here indicated.
Niw-HAvaS, CoNNi.-Mayor, Skinner, (Whig) 1Y,471;
English, 1,112. Maj., 359. Aldermen and Council and City
Officers, mostly Whig.
MASSILLON, 0.-Mayor, Samuel Pease, (Ind.)
BrVF1tLTu c K Esq:, of Virginia, is to establish a free-
spoken, go-ahead, Young America Democratic paper at
WVaLhingtlu frtbwiti. He wields talent, experience and
capital, A|nil we shall expect to see a paper with a snap to
it. like 7'h 'it.':..'in.j Examiner. We believe he willissue
daily from the start.


The Trainer ease was before Judge Barculo on Monday,
on a motion for an injunction to restrain Rose Cooper Por.
ter from taking the child out of the State, and 1 show cause
why she should not deliver her to the father.
The Judge expressed his great surprise that the child had
not been delivered over to her father on the Habeas Cor-
pus proceedings, intimating most significantly that on a
Habeas Corpus he should deliver it to the father; and ex-
pressed his astonishment that the father or his friends had
not gone at once, and in the presence of Judge Duer taken
the child.
Judge B. has taken the papers to examine the question,
but hints strongly that a new writ of Habeas Corpus would
be much more speedy than a suit at law.
Every opinion intimated by Judge Bareulo, on the argu-
ment, seemed to beat variance with the views of Judge
Duer. No doubt some relief will be afforded.
Some extraordinary proceedings in regard to the Trainer
child took place on Tuesday. Judge Barculo issued a ha-
beas to bring up Rose Cooper and the child, and a Deputy
Sheriff from King's County, with the authority of Sheriff
Orser, of this City, and the aid of one of his Deputies, un-
dertook to execute the mandate. The child and the woman
were found at 101 Mercer-st., placed in a carriage and taken
to the office of James T. Brady-what for it is not difficult
to guess. The carriage was then sent off and returned
with Capt. Rynders, who was followed by fifty or more of
lis friends. The Brooklyn officer wished to take the child
before the Judge, but was resisted by Orser's deputy, who
had got possession of the writ and refused to give up the
child. Orser then interferes and revoked the power which
he had just conferred on the Brooklyn officer, and the lat-
ter went home empty-handed. Attachments were immedi.
ately issued by Judge Barculo to bring Rynders, Rose
Cooper, and Cromley, (Orser's deputy) before him, to an-
swer for this defiance of law.
The Newark Daily Advertiser says that a private letter
from Rev. Charles Beecher, states that his sister, Mrs.
H. B. Stowe, has received from Constable & Co., pub-
lishers at Edinburgh, an offer for a Temperance Tale, like
Uncle Tom's Cabin, of *10,000 in hand, and half the pro-
ceeds of the work after that sum is realized. The letter
also says: "If she have strength to do this, it will cer-
"tainly contribute to hasten the adoption of this great
"measure by Great Britain."

We have news from California to May 7 bythe arrival of
the El Dorado at this port. The particulars will be found
elsewhere in our columns.
The China Sea and Worth Pacific Exploring Expedition,

which she could not smypathize ; it showed a disposition
to sacrifice principle to expediency, and moreover the So-
ciety would not take Woman's Rights grounds. She said
her soul was no longer with the Society.
Resolutions of thanks were voted to Miss Anthony and
to Mrs. Stanton, who also refused to act as one of the
Vice Presidents.
The election showed that the Temperance party in the

consisting of four vtsels and a supply2slp, a3il from Nor-
folk this w,-ek, under command of Captain C. Ringgold,
U. S.W., and the country has a great interest in the suc-
cessful issue of the undertaking.
The object is to explore and survey the usual routes
taken by our vessels through the China Seas and North
Pacific, to and from San FranliS.OC to China, and the
whaling grounds of the Sua of OLbotik and Behring
TheWa 'z ,l:t.-I U',ii} of the 5th inst., publishes an
official notification from the State Department, announcing
that a large amount of bonds, purporting to have beea is.
sued by Ho. George De Chaoon, Spanish Consul at Phila-
delphia, payable in 1856 at Madrid, or at said Consulate,
are in circulation at New-York and elsewhere, for whish
the Government is not responsible, said bonds having been
issued without its authority. Active measures have been
taken by the Spanish Legationinthis country for an inves.
tigation of the alleged fraud, and the functions of the Con-
sul at Philadelphia have been suspended.
P. Auguste Mocatto has been recognized by the Presi-
dent as Consul for New-Grenada at the pert of San Fran-
The Union contains an able, carefully considered
and grave article upon the subject of our New-Mexi-
can affairs. It takes ground that the conduct of Governor
Trias in seizing, with an armed force, Mesilla Valley, is an
outrage combined with folly. That, considering the weak
condition of Mexico, it would hardly be magnanimous in
the United States to make a hostile demonstration; but, if
the act is not disavowed by the Mexican authorities, then
the United States cannot hesitate how to act. The article
bears the stamp of authority, and will attract attention.
By recent mails from New-Mexico, former intelligence
as to the deplorably depressed state of affairs there is
confirmed. The Santa Fd Gazette, in a,:kuiwled.-ng
that many of the wealthy citizens are on the point of
leaving the country, perhaps forever, argues with them to
remain and try what may be done under the new set of cir-
cumstances to grow up under the anticipated construction
of the Pacific Railroad, if it shall pass through the Territory.
Don Ambrosio Armijo is stated to be likely to enter the
lists for the Delegateship to Congress with the present in-
cumbent. Armijo is said to be quite popular among his
A letter received in Boston from El Paso, announces
that General Trias arrived there on the 24th of- April, with
an army of 750 men, but finding Gen. Lane unsupported by
the people, he, with his army, returned home.
Governor Martin delivered his Message to the New-
Hampshire Legislature on the 2d instant. It is entirely
of local interest. In reference to Railroad accidents he
recommends that a Life Protection Commission be es-
tablished to investigate such occurrences, with plenary
powers to examine into all matters appertaining to Rail-
roads or other Corporations, which may endanger the lives
of passengers, operatives and all having lawful business
with such Corporations. To examine empk.ycs as to their
intelligence and fitness for the slattoas they may occupy.
To make and eetablhsh rules ; rerulite sped and rim", and
do all other things requisite for the better preservation of
life from accidents occasioned by the mismanagement of
Corporate Employes. Appropriate and feeling allusion is
made to lie d:.ath of the 1ieo Vice-President, and the Mes-
sage ,I:.-es with an intimatiiI.'n Lbat Governor Martin .will
ncrt be a candldate for reaction.
The annu-l s,.s-l-in of the Nati-nal Indiutrla. Congress
aromblrd in the room of the Brotherhood of the Union,
in Wilmingtc.n, Del, Jane l, and was attended by about
25 Delegates. The session continued several days.
The LegialativeiExcursion to Niagara Falls came offlast
Saturday in fine style, The train, consisting of six oars
containing about 300 persons, left the ddp6t at Albany at
6 o'clock in the morning, and arrived at Niagara Falls
at 2 o'clock in the afternoon. The actual running time
exceeded the time table 66 minutes, owing to, the un
expected size of the train. The Utica 1i.I S',hane.Lidy
road is entitled to the flag, the distance, 78 miles, hav-
ing been made in 2 hours; the time over the Rochester,
Brockport and Nt g3xa Falls road, 76 miles, in 1 hour 58
At 3j o'clock, thi company sat down to a sumptuous
dinner, lt th,: Catiri.a 1oluin A't.r the removal of the
cloth, Ex-Governor Hunt rose and said that to him had been
assigned the agreeable task of welcoming the members of
the Legislature to the County of Niagara. He proceeded
to speak of the pleasure it afforded him, personally, to
meet so many of the Repr.:-.nt ti rvs of the State on such
an occasion, and to the advantages which accrue from a
free interi:urse bl,:tweo the people and their Legislators.
He also rcfrred t-1 the event which bad brought the com-
pany together, and to the rapid passage--eight hours---from
the Capitol of the State to the Niagara River, and recount-
ed his own experience in making the journey, a few years
since, in seven days and nights. The Governor closed his
remarks by saying that he saw around him many old
friends, who, he hoped, would not leave this part of the
State without coming to see him at his house, and see how
a retired public servant enjoyed himself at home. His re-
marks wn're received by the whole company with hearty
applause, and were closed with the following sentiment:
"The Legislature of the State of New-York-The elected Represen-
tatives of a free, enlightened and happy country-may their wisdom
entitle them to the gratitude of their constituent."
Mr. Speaker Ludlow, of the Assembly, was loudly called
for, and responded in a speech, in which he referred to the
vast and happy results of the railroad enterprises of the
day, and warmly approved of the Consolidation act, which
had brought the several central lines in this State into one.
In concluding, he gave
Th Central Line of Railroad-A proud monument of enterprise,
capital and skill-may its success be commensurate with the grandeur
of the project.
After the Speaker took his seat,
Hon. William H. Seward was called for, and, on rising,
was greeted with three hearty cheers. His speech will be
found in full on another page.
Park Godwin, of The Evening Post, was called on, and
made an eloquent speech. He told a story of a man in
London, who was quite sure one night that he felt the
shock of an eartlNqu-ke, but on reading The London
Times the next morning, and finding no mention of an
earthquake, he concluded that there had been none. So
in this country, if the press did not herald what was done
here and there, from day to day, the people would not even
know that a celebration had been here to day, and many of
the persons present would hardly believe it unless they
read the proceedings in the morning papers. Railroads do
much to cement and bind together distant parts of the
Union. He spoke further of the value of Railroads to the
country, and closed by giving an appropriate toast.
The company separated at 6 o'clock.
The Women's State Temperance Society organized on
Wednesday, June 1, for its Second Annual Meeting, ia
Corinthian Hall, Rochester. It was called to order by
Mrs. E. C. Stanton, of Seneca Falls. Prayer was offered
by a gentleman present, when the address of the President
was read. It was a long and well' written document, re-
viewing the history of the Societyfor the year past.
The report of the Executive Committee was read by
Mrs. Vaughn, giving a lengthy review of the operations of
the Society. It argues, in detail, the points embraced in
the action of the State Temperance Society in refusing ad-
mission to the dil-gft;oa of the Woman's Society. The
report was adopt ,., after a discussion upon it by Miss
Stone, Miss Clark, Mi;, Anthony and Mrs. Bloomer.
The following officers were elected: President, Mrs
E. C. Vaughn, of Oswego; six Vice- Presidents;
Recording Secretary, Mrs, H. A. Albro, of Rochester;
Corresponding Secretary, Mrs. A. Bloomer, of Seneca
Falls; Treasurer, Mrs. Marsh, of Rochester; Execu-
tive Committee, Mrs. B. C. Allen, of Rochester; Mrs. Ange-
lina Fish, Victor; Mrs. H. W. Williams, Buffalo; Mrs. C.
H. Robie, Buffalo; Mrs. Christie, Miss Mary S. Rich, New-
York ; Miss Emily Clark, Troy.
Miss Susan B. Anthony was elected Recording Secretary
on the first ballot, hut resigned, alleging that the election of
President indicated that a spirit was rife in the society with

ment of all males between sixteen and tifty years of age. WV-- had arrived in England from his concealment on
Letters from Ures, in that State, say that the Commandante, the Continent. He remained in Milan three months before
Don Luis Garcia, had pronounced in Arispe, with an un- the insurrection and one month after it-the faot being
derstanding with Seior Espeje, in Hermosilla, in favor of known to hundreds of Italianas.
the plan of Guadalajara, and against Gov. Gandara. Sir Richard Comyns, the historian, is dead.
The number of papers that have expired under the new The Submarine Telegraph has been successfully lhit
law of the press is stated at twenty-six, between Port Patrick and Donaghade.
The Mesilla Valey question wa still causing much feel- The Dublin Fabhibition attrsts 5,000 viitors daily. The



Society was the strongest. The Business Committee re- ing in Mexico. When the Supreme Government first hea"d
ported several resolutions which were adopted.' of it a note was sent by the Minister of Foreign Affairs tff
MissLucy Stone offered a series of resolutions reflecting Judge Conklin, informing him of the facts of the case in
upon the cowardly movement at the Brick Chtvroh, and order that he might lay them before his own Government,.
spoke at length to them. and suggested that he should write to Gov. Lane, offering
The Evening SeaKion was addressed by Mrs. Nichols, of at the same time to send his letter through by express.eL
V-rmnt, Find by Mrs. Bloomer. J-'dge Conklin accordingly wrote to Gov. Lane, telling him
TL ,,13,I.l6 Convention" which assembled at Hartford, of the enormous responsibility he had assumed, and requests
Conn., last week, broke up ,ua Monday evening, ing hinyto suspend all action. The Mexican Government
The steamtuig Eclipse buraS her boiler at Chicago, Jan. has approved the course of Gov. Trias and sent him some
1. The explosion was terrificl tWaing the boat entirely reinforceme.'ts. Don Nicolas Prieto had arrived in Mexico
to pieces, killing a fireman and boy .nd severely injuring from Chihuahua in order to place the whole affair before
the engineer, cook, wheelman and ono deck hand. The the Government.
Captain was also slightly injured. Gov. Trias has published along reply to the Commis-
The boilers were new, and the beat, whio was Owned hioners appointed by >be State to look into the affair. Tha
by E. R. Blackwell, of Buffalo, and Capt. B. M. Johnson, Commissioners claim thkit the line should be twenty-two
of Chicago, was valued a $10,000. The engineer's life is miles north of the line .greed upon by Mr. Bartlett. The
despaired of; he was dragged out of the engine-rooi sAfter Mexican papers publish ce statement that Gan. Pierce had
the explosion, terribly scalded. appointed a new, Gen. Campbell, and had
Two students of the junior class of Union College, Rev. removed Gov. Lane in consequence of this affair.
Ira S. Watkins, of Chester, Va., aged 30, and Ethan Clark zOUT AMERICA
of Ovid, Seneca County, aged 29, were drowned about 4 A.
o'clock on Saturday afternoon, by the capsizing of a sail- We have dates from Valparaiso to April 3o, and fon t
boat on the Mohawk River, the wind being very high, and Callao to May 19. It was reported that Pert has laraed,
they unskilled in navigation, war against Bolivia, and that the Peruvian fleet was an-
Both were men of the highest character---the former a chord ati Arici, having landed five tbousand troops.
preacher in the Methodist Church, and the latter preparing On the otl r hand, aleteerfrom Lmn irtales, "The Bolivian
for the Baptist Ministry. The bodies were taken home by question is still unsettled, butwe have hopes that all will
their College friends. go right now that Belzu, (President of Bolivia,) has dis-
The Committee to investigate the affairs of the American missed hisMinister of Foreign Affairs, Bustillo."
Art-Union have reported to the Legislature that no dishon- Beyond these meager facts, we have do farther ilteiO-
esty has been proved against the managers or officers of gene asto the state of Boliria.Peruvian affairs.
that Institution, but that the concern was founded upon a BRITISH AMERICA.
false basis and worked badly; that fronh the thirteen thou- h h 3 ".
sand six hundred subscribers of 1851, about $60,000 were Tw Qtseec Morning Chronicle ofthe 30th ut. given
received-$43,000 of which went for the purchase of pic- the following chapter of calamities which occurred in
tares intended for distribution, but which were sold to- that place on the 29th ult.:
gether with all the real estate of the Institution in 1852, to "At 31 o'clockthere was arush ofwind which whirled the
pay off the liabilities then existing against it, and finally dust into the air, coveredthe surface of the St. Lawrence
that the institution now consists of but about thirty mre.- min spray, and lashed the water into foam. The wind being
hers, an empty treasury and an u nixpired lease of four westerly, the vessels off the Point Levi shore had great dif
years upon their main Gallery. ficultyin keeping their anchors. Boats and timber which
MEXICO_ .had broken away from the coves, were to be seen adrift5
SMEXICO, tand the bark Norder foundered at her moorings at Tibbit'S
On Tuesday, May 17, another- local ifmeite took place Cove. The ship sank about 41 o'clock, and the accident
inVeraCraz. Business was suspended-merchantsitrades. was observed from Durham Terrace. It is said that some
men, and in fact every class of ,tt d Z.r,l% were compelled, in of the hands are missing. The Norder is a Norwegian
order to avoid the danger of being killed or wounded in vessel. .
the streets, to close their doors, and remained shut up in "It is rumored also that a boat with sixpersons on board
their houses. The difficulties arose out of an order was capsized during the gale and that all perished.
received from the President a short time since dis.- "About the same time an awful catastrophe oeoured at
banding the National Guards and making regular soldiers Gilmour's Cove. The steamer St. Pierre, one of the ferry
of them. They protested against its execution, and de. boats, sometimes employed in towing, having put on board
cleared they would never submit until compelled by ne- of the steamer for Montreal from a vesselin the stream up.
cessityto do so. A few, however, in anticipation of defeat, wards of 290 passengers, proceeded to Gilmour's Cove to
joined in the regular army; but that did not intimidate or take a barge in tow, and while preparing to do so her boil-
discourage the others, who had determined to resist. Ac- er burst, and out of ten persons who were on board eight
cordingiy a portion of the National Guard showed them- perished. Capt. Barras, who stood over the boiler, was
selves in the streets on Tuesday morning, and attempt- blown high'into' the air; Mr. Terrien had his skull split
ed to take possession of the Government property. The open by a piece of the boiler, and his wife and two children
battle continued fruniom that time until 9 o'clock the next who stood by him were killed, but theirbodies were hardly
morning. After that tim(. but little fighting was done. aund at all disfigured. The other sufferers were firemen and
quietisi agaiu rc.itcred Num-err-u arreain have be:o emaie. deck.h-bands, whose names we have n.ot ascertained. .
Quit wMas ret,:,red, and two battalions of troops bhad arrived 01"the two who were eaved,!oneis said to hav. beenforz
from Jalaps. Double guards were still posted at the ward at the wheel, and the other close a.stern attending to
gates and at the palace. the two rope. Both wera thrown into the water and were
When the news of the affair reached the City of Mexico saved by clinging to fragments of the wreck. Tha vessel
Santa Afia dispatched immediately 2,000 veteran troops, wnt instantly down in deep water. We learn thatsix:
with 14 pieces of artillery, for Vera Cruz. They had reached bodies of the dead are lying in a shed belonging to the
Puebla, but as the commotion was ended, it was supposed Messrs. Gilmour, and that seven, not eight, persons have
they would not continue their march. They would either been killed. Eight persons only were on board of the boat,
return to the capital or remain in garrison at Jalapa, Cor- of whom two escaped. One manon board of the barge,
dov* and Orizaba. During the dmeute the National Guard whit h wa-being taken in tow, was killed by a fragment of
were headed by corporals and sergeants only. There was timber whieh fell upon him. The engineer's body not yet
no officer of rank or head among them. been recovered."
Santa Afia, who is styled the Protector by some of his The Albaany Evcning Journal publishes the following
orgarns, has published the rules which are to guide the Gov- extract of a letter, dated,
ernors of the States until the publication of the new Con- MONTREAL, May 81, 185.
stitution. They are to publish and execute all the orders I wrote yonu some days since in regard to a fire in the
of the Supreme Government; maintain under their own woods min the 'town of Westmeath. Then, the half had not
responsiblitypubllc order; punish offenses againstreligion been told us. More recent information shows that it wag
or te SL AW, ih,- ,re or administration of the munici- the most appalling and destructive conflagration which haM
pal funds; watch &al minor bran(chs aof the Government; ever -..h'. th-te lna.i.aTL IL 't,otinits madasd trresis.
do all that is ordered to them by the Supreme Government; tible career, through the towns of Westmeath, Ross, Bagot,
appoint the Prefeots of the Departments; suspend at will Pembroke, Bremly, Horton, Shear, and the islands of Calu-
offieers of the Government and ayuntamientos; order dom- metandLes Allumettes.
Iciliary searches, and take all measures which they may "The flameswere driven forward with great impetuosity.
deem necessary. Hundreds of families---men, women and. children--had to
Legislative authority of all kind is suspended throughout flee before the devouring element, with nothing of their
the Republic, and the offices of Governor and Military property saved but their clothes; and these were often
Commandant have been united in one person. The reve- burned upon their backs. Fortunately, there were but a
nues of all the States have been centralized; that is, or- few lives lost--only one Fg,.d ino having, as fras learned.
dered to be paid into the Supreme Treasury. perished. Many cattle, however, hogs, &c. &c., were
The following Governors of States, with command of ie burnumed. lMrtirudre3 had to take, refuge in the Muskrat
military f.,rc.-, have been appointed by Santa Aia: Don .River,to pri.otect their bodies; and at one point a small
Fran i,-o Pr-r z for Puebla; Don Antonio Corona for steamboat took on board a number of families to save then
Vera Cruz; Don Pedro Valdez for Sinaloa; Gen. Ampudia from perishing; but the boat barely escaped, so intense
for Nuevo Leon; Gen. Well for Tamaulipas, and Don was the heat of the burning forests *on either side of the
Manuel Escobar for Tabasco. river.
Santa Afia has ordered the disinterment of the remains "The country burned over extends 70 miles by 40, and
of the soldiers who fell during the American war, and that more than five hundred families are left entirely destitute:
they be placed in sepulchres worthy of benemerito Mexi- Even the seed saved for planting is gone. Meetings are
cans. Those of the fields of Palo Alto and Resaca are to being held at various points to relieve the sufferers. The
be taken to Matamoros; those of Sacramento to Chihua- Town Council of this city have set apart 250, and pri-
hua; those of Angostura (Buena Vista) to Saltillo; those vate ubscriptians have already reached .700."
of Monterey to that town; those of Cerro Gordo to Vera EUROPE.
Cruz; those of the valley of Mexico to the capital; and
those of other places to the nearest town. The names of Our dates from Liverpool are to May 2.
Gen. Vasquez who fell at Cerro Gordo, and Gen. Leon The Cotton market for the week ending Saturday, May
who fell at Molino del Roy are to be inscribed upon the 28, has been firm, with an upward tendency in prices. The
banners of the army, and they are to be held as having total sales have reached 54,500 bales, of which speculators
been promoted to the rank of General of Division before took 9,350, and exporters 2,750 bales. The market closed
death. The battles of Molino del Rey and Churubuseo without animation. The stock at Liverpool was estimated
have been declared distinguished actions, at 745,000 bales.
The officers and soldiers who had been mutilated in the The Flour market has been firm, with an active compar-
defense of the country hav- i,,-en presented to the General ative demand, at an advance of 3d. per barrel. Western
ata public reception, which is eallrd "the levee of the mu- Canal is quoted at 22s.023s. 6d.; Philadelphia, Baltimore
tiltedd" An address was presented in their name by Gen. and Ohio at 23s. 6d.@24s. per bhL
Rangel, to which Santa Afia made a feeling reply. He told Wheat has been in good demand at firm prices.
them he, too, was mutilated in defense of the country and The imports of Indian Corn have been large the past
that he was but one of them. He afterward addressed the week, and prices have slightly receded.
soldiers individually, and told them that their country New Beef was quoted at 92s. 6d.,&1058.; new Pork 750.
should not forget them. For Bacon there was a good inquiry, and prices have an
The Mexican papers state that Mr. Doyle, the present upward tendency. The market was poorly supplied, and
Britih Minister, was to be transferred to Brazil, and prices ranged from 47s.@52s.
that he would be succeeded by Gen. O'Leary. This officer The business in Parliamenthas been of but local interest
foughtwith Bolir in the war of independence, chiefly respecting the collection of Church rates.
Great exertions were making to fill up the army, and On Friday night (the 28th) questions were put to the
battalions of horse, foot and artillery have been cre- Government in both Houses to ascertain the position of
ated on all sides- The order that /the pickets in passing England with regard to the critical state of Turkish affailr.
thrughthestretsof the city should subdue their music, Lord Clarendon in the Lords, and Lord John Russell us
through bee reed, of the strete shos blon t the the Commons, stated that the French and English Repro-
hasbeenrescindandthetrumpetarenowblown th entatives at Constantinople were acting in concert, antI
loudest blast. The soldiers were committing many disor- t the integrity of the Porte would be maintained. I
ders in the capital, and several citizens and even some of hoped Russia would insist on nothing incompatible
the civil police have been killed by them, therewith, but in the present condition of the matter, the
It is rumored in Mexico that thle S orga ationis British Government could not give further indication of
be superseded and the Republic divided into Departments. e cr y wu ps
Each State would be cut up into several Departments, and t crasoee d prs fs e Committee of th
it is said as many as eighty would be created. Anti-Slavery Society was given to Mrs. Stowe at Almacks,
A new project for a national Bank has been startebased London. A large crowd, mostly Quaker ladies, attended.
upon a new Governmenit loan of six, eight, or even twelve Joseph Sturge, the President, and Professor Stowe spoke.
millions of dollars, the bank to discount the drafts of the The addresses were long and flowery. The assembly filed
treasury on the several custom-houses, and be also a bank passed Mrs. Stowe, exchanging courtesies, andi afterward
of discount and deposit.
Great feasts had been celebrated in Guadalajara on the adjourned to supper, where a marble bust of Mrs. Stowe, by
occasion of the installation of the new Government. Bernard, was exhibited.
At Mazaflan some trouble and alarm existed on account The great race of the Derby came off on Wednesday
of the advance of Col. Groso on that place, demanding re- and w o West A and y inner ic owned by Mr.
payment of the sum of 812,000, which he had disbursed for a ue t a the wine is oedyM
the troops under his command. A Commissioner had been Bow-es, whose horse also won the race last year.
sent out to meet Groso, but he returned to the town with TheAdelphiTheater at Cdiuburgh ha been destroyers
his head broken and his clothes torn, by whom he did not by fire.
know, as it had been done in the night. The shops had t teamerL on the river this falL e
been closed in expectation of the arrival of Groso's troops. t mers on the rivry ti F. o Iy w held i
In contemplation of an invasion by the Count Boulbon, Anmeetio P A S Taylor presiding. Kofuth a tended thi
the Governor of the State of Sonora has ordered an enllst- London, P.t made no s ieech.

S Quen willvisiit shortly. F.W. Conway, a Dublin liter- the fruits ol
ary man, is dead. andof the,
The Emperor and Empress of France had gone to St. laisng tended
Cloud. what alsrn
Government was do-gsidering projects for establishing ferocity mo
ae mec;al relief to the p03r of thie :"iintrv distr t,& in Advance,
The Constantinople news caused violent agitation on the The thing t
Paris Biurso. which was increased by a false report that extent grow
,the Rus&ian forces had entered Turkey. It was generally want of tlf,
beHlieved tat Napoleon h' .d assu,1 the Russian Minister; education
Sthatas much as he deired peace in Europe, he would not is fearfully
hesitate to cbhanb'e his policy if Russia forced measures boa- the result c
tile to France and ,the Eat. that the nea
Dispatches from Admiral Deopoinlesi, dated Call#, profligacy
April o10th, state that *be was about to sail with two more awaken the
-hips fAor Guayaquil RiuT r, to claim reparation from the
Eqauadorian Government. T
It was rumored from private ,Ouraces in Paris that Ur- Cl
v quiza was favorable to the demand of France.
The Duke of Genoa was in Paris. ABB1
A camp of 1,O00 men was maneuverinW at St. Omer.
Fifty, years' concession of the Sub'M.a"m Telegraph 4Q
from France to Algeria had been granted toJo1hn W. Brett.
In Germany proceedings have been staid agaihstProfea- I N
Dor Oeroanns. IN
A'the Students' Associations throughout Germnw" are
suppressed. The El i
The Congress, on a uniform monetary system, assembleS Jay monii
in Jane. treasure of
Prince Henry (the King of Belgium's brother) has e on the 7th t
posed the Princess Amel;a of Saxe Weimer. TheEI]
The KRings of Prussia and Belgium had gone home via t., and KD
Dresden Irom Vienna.
The proposed marriage of the Duke de Brabant, with g-re, and ne
4the Austrian Arch-Duchess Maria Henrietta, causes satis- Exciting Q
faction at Vienna, the expectation being, says our eorres. anee ,
qondent, that when the young Duke has acquired political Ber an
-xperience, King Leopold will abdicate in his favor, and orroinda
thus indirectly bring Austria at the gates of France. Vien- Even if
Ba papers say that recent developments show that the Bag- weekly mail
lock conspiracy was most widely extended, and coinpronm- we can "gel
_ ifed several persons in thm higher classes of society. you, from w
The G ,rerument of Holland will have a minority of25 in have the rea
the second Chamber. of view diff
No answer had been received to the note sent by Gov- myneighboi
eminent to the Holy See. Meantime the Catholic prelates able diversil
continued very active. EXCITINGSO
77le Ga7ttie publishes a list of the Reformed Tariff of members
Spain extending to 456 articles, whichwill nowbeadmit. up for deb
ted duty free. tt C
The Austrian Charoe d'Affaires had notified the Govern- Stt o" A
sent of Switzei-rland, that Austria. convinced of the use. negative
lessness of further regotiarions with Switzerland, had or- lowed by ai
dEred him to withdraw whchwasd
The Swiss Envoy at Vienna, M. Stinger, is consequently the speaker
recalled, and diplomatic relations are completely broken would be i
off. The brave attitude taken by switzerland attraclkc at- Slavery, wh
lention. "Order ord
At the latest dates from Berne. the 92d, the Council had tiOe, and (
taken no further steps than recalling their Envoy. piled up in
Milan letters mention that the Austrian Commission of finally in s
Inquiry, now silting, has totally failed to establish any evi- atral quest
dence connecting the Lombard emigrants in Sardinia with ilt the d,
the recent revolution. qent ev,-
The Pope had gone to Anzio. e laughs
Magnetic table moving is now all the rage at Rome. The a,:, o hi
Pope and Jesuit's Colleges have been experimenting. "area of fre
St. Petersburg papers report a victory over the Ciroass- of all "excii
sians on the Hill of Kazelama on the lIt of April. f t
The Porte has refused to accept the Russian ultimatum, S f that pid
and Prince Menschikoff had embarked at Constantinople an iabtding
on board a Russian ship Pf war for Odessa. h,,ke otff a
The Ambassador of France had ordered the French Beet ,..r fcfy a l
to the Dardanelles, supposed with a view to prevent any herd ct- track
attempt of Russia to seize or pais the str-it; bat on the 20uth - a
the French squadron was still at Salamis. it. whtne
in Itct to es
The Britibh fleet remained at Malta on the tBth, awaiting a this t
xreinforcrments from EnDlind. I-p de i,
Dispatches to the.3 Brtsh Adlmiral Dundas, stated that daughter
Menschikoff remineil on board a steamer, and hadl given w.iald ri,- ve
the Porte 8 days longer to reconsider, threatening if again p,,ti,:nr'-,.t
resaited, he will finally withdraw. tnry, rapip'
d,,~n~nirg cn
L a HI AN. Southron, b
Later intelligence fi-.)m China states thtt the French, Souihiern ta
Americmn and English ships in China had undertaken to re cordi,'lv
protect Nankin and Shanghae against the r,'bels, at the ear a''I blaff,'
etAt a rec.
mest request of the Emperocr. .hrracter o
The ANrlh China Htra'. of the l9th March speaks of the tns -;i n
rebellion as having become a subject of deep interest to for- etnie the (
Seignsra--trade being at a stand, inconsqaenice oftheala-rm vtmness of r
among the Chinese merchants. The pros-res of the rebel n rewhois
mnan,) Who g
lion, T'lvh Herald remarks;, has been gradual and sure in its and others
Progress northward, till, as was gene-rally believed, Nan- a-me que'-r
kin was either in the hands of the insurgents,or on the eve who LhaLppe
*f beirt captured by them, and it is* pretty clear that the cc-ud biittio
.ft imritation
prestige of the Tartar dynasty is totally d;.sipated, and rc;sty beer,
that the Government no lIuong,'.r poes,-ises the mean: )f lI.:wed in Ca
checking and subduing the rising of the Chinese against a or cri;nmes ,i
Sis urpation now more than 20,) years old. f'-,rTd toi hi
If Nankin be taken, the rebels, it was supposed, would nidTble bart
sentinue their match toward the Grand Canal, with the iourad ad
object cif going down upon Soo ohow and Elang ,howr preak, ;s the
both ot which are within 100 miles.of Shanghae. The last too. Some
reliable accounts left the insurgents before Nankin. : They State, whoma
had, on arriving at KewKeliaug and Gbanhway, taken ed igirt Al
possession of all the trading vessels anchored at the va- Pnrapturnmg
rious towns and marliets along the banks of the Yang-tsaze h re, I fiagk
keang, on board of which they embarked and pushed on A'IDtehs SI
,ijdren alt
toward Nankin. Threu hundred of the insurgentsa wh.i hiiUdrl, o
bad got inside the imperial city. were didcoverud iud masa- w ,s qite a
Ssasred. ... ar-Id prnvat,
In respect to the causes .of the rebellion, and the change n niw bDuw
Which seems most likely ti be -,ffec ted in the Government, igsar den t
Mit'S are at
The Anth Chinaa Heral-I remarks that corruption is the :,:,rI chdldr
promini-nt feature of th- present Government and its offi- ibt few cc-t
ilabl, the Mandarins; that here is no justice, law, or pro- OLne of tl
section, except by chance and that it is inI faIt(. a matter of R -- ,
stiue shape.
wonder that a nation so industrious and intrlligent should and what i
have held together so lung as it has und-.r such a lax rule. ends dipp:i'
T he ostensible object ofthe rebel chief, or king a hestyl.-s a nircg th-
himself, is to redress exi-ting evils.. and the general belief prinmati, ci
among the Chinamen is that the war is in reality with the etot atinve
officials, the Mandanns. The people, therefore, are not in niat sorts o
dread of the rebel army, and are easily led to cooperate An eu, ru
with it, passively if not actively. The alarm among the was recent
merchantss and bankers is partly owing to this circumstances witi him at
men c-t" hL
and partly to the fact that they are still at the mercy of the etrutk at hi
MIandarins. ____ up,:,n thr in
AUST^AT and groint
AUSTRALIA. t,, wc.rk tn
We have later advices f&om Australla via Panama, reach- his keeper,
rvjr any BIu
ing to March 5. ri-frnd-sI
The accounts fr,;m Australia do not seem to be so favor- a'tldrg hi-
able as at our previous advices, 8th February. While busi-" ueTt aing u
ness generally is represented as being quite lively, the suffering.
yield of gold has sensibly decreased, while its price was enormous
somewhat reduced. citizens wil
The decrease in the yield is traced to the adoption by with a eig
the Legislature, on the ltt c-f February, of a very arbitrary I co not
and unjust act, to "regulate the raising of a revenue from he-was ung
the gold mines of New South Wales." The effect of this I amher,
act was to create disorder at the Ta.iro.u during the month scheme uf '
and m a large degree to depopulate the place. It will, if taken this
perListed in, says 7"he Eepse, drive all fc,ro;gners from the thrtwough i
Mew South Wales diggings, and deter thu colonastaand the Water"f
British immigrants from the enterprise, or induce them to quite a fire-
stepever the boundary to the still more tempting diggings members, tl
f Victoria, where a similar law does uot exit, reading, I
The moral and religious aspects of the Colony do not agrrinstdth
wary from month to month. Immigration has done noth- right" praci
ing ylt tt, elevalt the people. The female immigration is to be thus f

strangely absorbed, and the comfort of families does not the Doctor
keep pace with the quantity ef young women imported. cludesby p
"~Bat, in en
There is some error in the management of this matter, triwiewinl
which deprives the Colony of aany sensibleadvantagefrom terDCO361Oi
the acquisition. A few only appear to be of a class able videdtheybe
wholesome c(
and disposed to live to some useful purpose. The gold plsoymet ma
has produced a deleterious effect upon the industrious in- on, send its
slinations even of young females. They are not willing system or pi3
to commit themselves to industry for support, and to learn and not be fox
tema, becauseE
all that is requisite to make them honorable members of ., bds ans
society. tioners will
Cotflct. Let(
The state of crime is inauspicious. Although far bette play-Water-,
off (nays T7.e Empire) than our neighbors, we are reaping e th*o0

f the loose conv
cupidity and pi
encies ofrthe tin
!ingly frequent
:i appalling.
Swe should enter
o be deplored i
wing up abandi
it domestic trainJ
will be nearly it
bad. Moral d
of which will I
at generation w
and crime. Th
deepest solicit


tVAX. Of



Dorado, Capt. I
ig, bringing th
Steamer Pana
lt. /
Dorado left Asf
ngston the 1lst
early one mMllio
lay Day Colel
d Waler Cre-
e of The N. T. Ti
we have an-rive
l, we are cf such
tup" s,',mi-1hing
eek to week. 1
sults ofafew "s
ern in mental a
rs, so perhaps m
ty when typed n
of the Mercan
ate the questi
illfornia be pi
* most glowing
oened the even
more logical an
destined to hay
incidentally toi
followed by th
en up sprang
der," &c. And
)rder" upon"O
agony; and th
staining the C
:i-nus arid susije,-:
ate, vhen the q
Ding and dteide
ibl', 1tO wItnes
,hc6s- undo..ubtd
Bedomn," m their
Ling topics," "e
Lae. were too Ha..
inl-rtst in all i
am-e ef the pro
II aluui.ion to t
rnua 1to wirbues8
cieers it good.
-ver a truthful ri
ven lb-h menti-.-i
me the propic_
win. Thb. ciari
of the l-:,ore Ie
r b6 E.ti-wflud ani
earlh viith its
, aid c rim,, ind
ar.ict-er I am
because Ilh.d I.
nu'tif utionS'" I
acti.: ii all thbir
v.-, I wt4l knoa
' nrd knavery tfr
at Tripr~'rt,' cI
f the mai-.-rity
It WqVT oo0n,.t
'hc.k of an ali
rim's doings nna
pctable and c
1ave Lhv Bharae:
bh o ,j i f fu r "
rd,cti' !ioj6, and f,
,.-e' the ,taAks
in dragacd win
anid know tatit
llI .:.rn; Y.VL. riurU
:.wev-r i rk. w
,!. a je-avvn IL
rance Phal.- x i
terris uf l rum
nduring lt rid
-" Mak.I Liw,"
men are ;il-re.
n y,.u tel0 to be 6
chL,'.: '' r f Lt r ,'
A the pubil c 1
" music, Iwe
, banner, eitce
ad :oofd things
trudinz were con
luly thrre vpyr
curin"biry N,:,
.,ho ti:a ,:.,f it
mi iny mur- vwil
till fad in the "
,but tw-rnty coi
ren. Private Si?
entriesn in wriith
06se rare, but
c dured a few d
e and Iul,06- hl
l m,.,r o cs ficulai
Jdowri into tLh
houses, castin
oth. Atriraltiri
Shi- bay, I had
erl'rormani'e by
-f sigLti" here.
anus griizly b.-i
fJy fci-nibhldd he
a very interest
imaplry was te
Si anri,.er, the
,:.n ri:,d, of the e
d with pain. V
relieve his aSuff
would have din
pid Allopath, b
mean alliheahi
paw intoi his wa
iLs at a titU, an
limal, giiot,-d by
This was war
California grow
Ihavean opp,:,
*hty and disrimin
avoid telling
he would have
raciously forced
e reminded that
" ruttlfa.h-,rc'ngl
wiilter, ard B
there are some
asa., butnir a r
Cure physician i
brand, and elici
hat when the I
believe, it was
gross inulitice
ugh-au attem]
titioners, and be
fostered, and fos
thus exhibits hl
i.cluiion, he firthe
ans an act legalizin,
ino, of comraes) of a
vo colZ~mmntieB asi

moral, sober, upr
Cmpenitin in theT
ay be aS unfettered
that the peoplema,
ayscian who prove
reed to rely upon ti
Small others have b
d fair Jght," ani
unmeotionably be
t Califonia, therefo
Cureis not so wea
gh most youthfl o
d legislation and un

Con n d onI t lbr me ,,
Saicllt of Va Diemen's [md Slmon are about as plenty in ourtmarket asSturg, Ct lr, rth orsr-S, ut.that does n et &rt-r, fr aur loy hands and rs. j in gold dust, and date r San
the Albany Come thousand, say tfut or five, are ean in br n emi esONdh r ,ip ars be 0 cIty1
ofligacyproducehy specu: 'an. illing rheartC. Crime hinducemenrt to ow.k T- r-o ranciso o
ae. Outrage are becomingsome. dalv, on ,n average. The fi6h will] av-er,,e upvar ruof. o1 htor,, there rt'in1msare ll,, weaer i.ves to May 1.
15 a b. In quantities the price has ranged as low as lb on : rI tresn bi id. and all, ugthe marinites At San Francisco, a few moments beforeater ife-
4 and ar accompanied wit a.^ ^ enp te "D~^o n A"^S .^ frf'.,b0 ,mo [LDTdI before the lre
-'23c. per lb. It is computfet that not lIos than 1,000 men labor -at-r ceur.,A the 3 smo a;water
Yet were the state of tduction areengaged i the various brsanch.s 1- thefishery. A of the te vr;ous water compamesda, a dreadful altertio
ertamn no fear of these symptoms. heavybusiness is doing in Salting, and packing for future are in success u opr.-r.i, anhd there is gene: pros- occurred during the election for Alderman for the Fifth
is, that the young are to a large use. Out of the "running" season this fish usually retails at verity apparent oh t O .*i f things. The spring Iros- Ward, in which several were shot aud dreadfully out
about 35 to 40o. per lb., and eonsequentIymust pay largely. pect are certainly flatte ,ng for Our viiners, and after tal with bowie Inives.
oned in moralsfrom the utter Therivers of California and Oregon abound in this, and hardships of the recentwint 11n0lass 6f citizens can ap-
ning, without which more school various kinds offish, but are fairly alive with Salmon. The preciate more highly a change for good lutic than they. The mining news continues cheering, and business,
n Tain The state of education "season" will soon end, having been most profitable. It The Sonora Herald and The Calaveras Chroniclecon. generally, prosperous.
iscipline s everywhere at fault is the great staple of the Indian tribes. Potatoes (go d) tain more than usually interesting reviews of the mines. J I.
ie, without speedy amendment arejobingat say 12jc.per lb., $7 50 per bushel-tolerable, The weather at the present time appears to be remarkably JAMAICA.
Ibe ithou s dy agmen te I thank you, and vegetables in proportion. Green Peas severe in some localities of the Southern mines. Snow and -
ill be one of V-%5tly augmented 30 to 40c. per Ib., in the pod, etc., etc. A few days sines, I ice have been unwelcome visitants in Calaveras County. "We have dates from Kingston (Jam.) to June 1. A full
are is enough in the prospect to dined at a table upon which was a most delicious Cauli- In the higher mountain homes of the miners, heavy falls of t
adeforthefuture. flower, weighing te lbs. Wouldn't you like to have the snow have occurred during the past month, and some of summ y of the news will be found in the following letter
Sduleate ? California forever, for a veat iriin. find the the tenants of mining camps have been driven from their from ourlamaiaa correspondent.
iun y man who hasL the capital alnd the wiLt to catlLva lthe places by thesnow and cold weather. The following is a Flinnclial Affars-.Alwpture between the Assembly a"
sNEWS IN FULL, softhe weather in Calaveras County: C es Hector
At Sacramento, a few days since, three lads (about n0 specimen ow Sno Inthe ealyIpar of the weekrt hsu C ounep-Death N. the' ein.bHectorMitchell
years each) were hung for crime. That same city, and all N one bravey o tealthogh th ofnths ndeveni Corresnpondence of The MY, N.Tribuae.a,
FUE EL DORADO. others in California, license the most foul and loathsome iBt
Shone bravely out, although the mornings and evenings ] h KINGSTON1, Tuashy, 3layS1, 19%
gamblin hells R ohmtfoucat ndathse were cold. On Thursday rain set in, which continued dur- ythe steamer Illinois, which left this port on the 27tk'
gambling hells andgreggeniers, to educate in crime, and the"u ihe night. ard on Friday morning we had the heaviest inst., I wrote you as fully as the short time at my disposal
0 IN GOLD. upon the precepts taught them, who are notsmart enough a no
to cheat the gallows by bribes or cunning. Intelligent day, and the cold was intense. To make things worse, on this island. But as the Illinois has gow to Navy Bay, L
to-- create galows by bie o cu g Itel people generally had taken down their stoves and all was presume this letter, which I send by the'-FA Dorade, wilE
people in California, and they do up -the intelligence gloom and misery. The blues were awfully prevalent, reach on before the other, as the latter steamer proceed
T E L L I G E N C "E. "brown." to NeF-York direct._'I shal, however, briefly recapuPlAtip
Within two days we have hbad four steamer arrivals- But The Chronicle gives more flattering accounts of what I wrote in my first coml munication.
SPanama, Cortes, ('Calit;fornia, from Panama; Sierra Nevada, mining prospects in that section. Jamaica s been without revenue-withthe except
Davenport, arrived on Wednes- (Vanderbilt line,) from San Juan del Sud-bringing nearly MIiNSG INTELLiErccE.-It requires but a visit to a se- ofa1percent. on importse tohmeet the interest on the e ian&
he U. S. Mail, passengers and 2,000 passengers. The arrivals and departures about bat- tion of country where water is obtained by artificial debt-for just one month; the usual revenue.bills, whiul
an ce, during the past four months, means, to realize the idea of the inexhaustible resources ot always expire on the 31st December, having been-extended-
m, which leftSanFrancisco y the Serra Nevada--sickness, none; deaths, none. California; Throughout the southern section of our coun to the 31st March, and subsequently to the 30th April of'
The people continue to take that route, (Nicaragua,) not- ty the mines are intersected by the ditches of water com- the present year, by short acts of the Legislat ar.-. The
inwall the evening of the 28th witbtndiri. they know they will inevitably be cheated, if panics, and their beneficial effects are felt on all sides. A consequence is, importataons have .n ,drrblv ]aer. d
J no b g a s ch.atin is possible. The Nevada, P:cil, *-l J.oathn, large and industrious population is gathered around, and during the present month, and vet the a s r has beem
June. She brings 250 passei- carry almost double the number of tlb. P Inaua t.- the amount of gold dug out is beyond calculation. We in no wise benefitted. The amount of duties which would
n treasure on freight. era. Itis ruel that the Transit arrsugemitr sr im b.:- a.I of parties who wash under ground, lest their be paid had the ImportDuty Bill been reinacted, is said
-- perfect, and so litlt bonor in the conductors of that route, proceeds should become known. It is now very difficult tobesbaedbetweenthe importerandthe retailer. Certain
very mn Csalifornia--Tw npe No less than three attempts were made to destroy the to give anything like a correct estimate of the amount of t is that with the exception of a small lt of wretched
brarion-- Rainbow-- Grizzly Nevada during, her voyg onadub h ~~ce ol(Tdug out weekly. Two or three ounces to a hand for i sta ihteecpinlaml fwece
n Nevada durin her vage down and up,butthe misere- gol dug out weekly. Two or three ounces to a hand r brandy sold at public auction, imported goods have in no
&--Slmon FlAhmng-Crii-r. ants are in custody. The Golden Gate came into collision a day's work, and some even reckon their earnings by the respect fallen in price. Whether increased competition
2'"tni witth te Nevada, and carried away her bow-sprit, with pound. will yet superinduce cheapness remains to be seen. Ba
c1., 5 iM_, Mc.ndav, ltay7, t88. some other damage. The Nevada's account imposes a CARsoN CREEK.-This locality, so famed in California this as it may, a glut in the market will have this injurious
ed at that progressive pint, a necessity for exoneration on the officers of the Golden gold history, is still a favorite placer. Extensive sluicing effect; even should the Revenue Bills be passed, a reoc-
SactiTOve, e-s ltable mat-r;al, that Gate, far, a the case now stands, it has not a very pleasant operati.ris nr,- bing ca rieil on, whi:-h yield very largely. iiy t -pp.o fimportations must follow a of
ofnc-.vy nd intrst tci p, for when it is recollected that two such powerful One c Dnipiry at SC-en m i-e about three ounces per day courz", antil tha iverpiusofgoodsinthe market 5t:ll Lave
From mvyown rvatin- steamers coming into contact at sea, might have sent from e:.h, h.ilether co--mpanies ar J,:iDg till b-rtter. Durin- become diminished, not merely in the ordinary course of
From ,y own observation s" p o 00 to 1,200 souls to perdition within a few minutes. la't we ek pice hav been b tali- ut ,oa li n thiihB consumption, but in the damage that must ensue in the
signhts," to offer, and as my point Mr. Garrison, the new Agent and Director of the Vander- ei.le., 14ing as much, severally, as sixteen, thirteen and cases of unsaleable and more perishable articles. ThuO,
nd other meatre from some of Line, whose acquaintance I made at Panama, where he eight iituni'es, with a very high average yield. while the mercantile interests will eventually suffer from
iy "sights" may afford an agree- stood fair as a liberal and benevolent man, promises well PROSPERING.-Murphy' Camp is now by far the most the-conseqaences of a forced trade, the revenue will be in-
pon your spreading sheet. for that line; but he is a shrewd business man; and we will prosperous town in the County, and presents a scene of jired from the limited importations arising from the large
Some few even in e th wait and discover who he is, or how far he can carry out us and well paid industry most pleasing and gratify- quantities of stock on hand.
-tilome Lbra Asv n iaings hai c i-t -rl and h1nc.rilFn view into the visitor. But three months had elapsed since our The cause of this d eplorable condition ofthings is a serious
"WieLibrary Association had e 'Ih- M t Line Is ct popular in Cibfornia, and were it former visit, and yet so great was the improvement that we rupture between the House of Assembly and t e nominee
on, "Will the terest of the t i.rCaptt E liia ar-tivity. tlent. whole-souled could scarcely recognise our old friend. The houses are Council of the island, of which latter body our present in-
-omoted by a division of the noPat, ter,>r.isct-.;tal lact ad mau ge-minpat, would be far built in a substantial manner, and many handsome strac- capable and unscrupulous Governor, Sir Charles Grey,
colur e rose address in the oe-per and wiiner i-ute Ld than. h i 1 or ever has been, and tures ornament the streets. As an evidence of the general has become an undisguised partisan, and thus caused him-
or doroseading ssin, thrt i bi encuih. rity we heard it stated that Todd's Express has self to be included in a quarrel originally confined to the
iwg's discussion, an.Icwas f.,1- TheJohtnuL new m ,rhwil ta.mer,hi can -afor Pana- recently opened an office there, and the first week purchased two Chambers. For the last seven years, the popular
id serious view of the question, ma n:L the siih. withthe mabs, whbu I ihwtll have other 2 00 ounces of gold dust; the second 400, the third 800, and branch of the Legislature has endeavored to curtail the ex-
e been very interesting, when ti-pics Ir y.u. whioh press upon me now, but time presses the last week no less than 1,000 ounces of gold dust. This travagant expenditure of the country, land assimilate it
ached upon thefact that division harder, and I bid youa" tp(.t a Cl .rl:u. THEO.uM..B is a sufficient test of the prosperity of the town, and the more nearly to its diminished means. The horrible absurd-
is introduction of the curse of DESTrUCTIa V FiRE.-We have to record another exten- pruder t habits which are becoming popular with the hard ity of awarding a salary equal to that of the President of
the United States, to the Governor of an island not as large
a dozen at once, with cries of sive conflagration, so closely verging, as regards time, working miner. as anyone ofthe thirty-twoStatesthr at composenthe Unio
then arose question upon ques- upon the 4th of May-in times past i,,nnecte-l with disas- From the South. has become too apparent to be submitted to any longer in
tdenro" question "Ordr us- fair ters of the same nature, well nigh ruinious to the City of SqUATTEir RIOTS AT SANTA BARB A.--For" somin t;Mi quiet. Equally objectionable is the payment of such exor-
San Francisco-that the ide of a strange fatality s S
order, until e Order" was fairly S an Fraeaisno-that the idea oe a strange fatality ;ln past the ranch known as the -Arroys I-,uri,, in thhi bitant stipends as 3,000 per annum to a Chief Jusi-
au h evening passededg scored alos madereal Ou onda nghtA Ba' enIpsesay. ^ ^ b^^ A O
hair in its theevini.ngpasse, thatall col 2 ,iatdab 1 lmoctheaalar OMofras rised, and vicinity of Santa Barbara, hss been in the possession of ties, '.to e.-b Iton twu Pii Jadg.s,X 2,500 to
hlr in its p,,nitl,.n, that all cot h, at about 11 o-clock, the alarm i of fire was and one John Powers, who held it under a squatter title, and a 'i e-'hae,: eli-.r, iwh -sa orcla is a mtre sine-
:Is milht of right be introduced shortly afterward the Skies were lurid wiaglare made improvements thereon to the amount of four or five cur i eah o Chire ,f Quarter Se-
uesti:,uo was continued f u.r a sub- betokened a fierce conflagration. near th itusani ld dollars. Messrs. Denn and Hill claim the said sions. id -tb.r ,ritr, u sa.r;.s in he ecclesiastioal
,d necat;;v-ly. ki rahse amuising Thfe lsnhkih enofl in-rthe property by virtue of .a lease from the Mission of Santa and oiher iP.-ttl;-hn,,it U,,nr,, this grar,-I therepresen-
the nattet.ig, andpmating ad o.rd fButbih un Sanome il ., ae;dei l in OMMruni Baaarbaa, said lease having now some two years unexpired, tativeS ol thbe ptr.le t.ok their t ind, 'nd, i n almost every
elfri, i-f ofthel dpait-ine and h p.-d ,ith t tr-,, %,, iLityhih, m hty iirtig being entireoomand Asuitwas commenced by claimants, and was carried from session duringthespace of time alreadymentioned, passed
i, ofth,:t z,,,ofth pra t~htutm traldl:ty,, the ilgbeingentirly Court to Court until confirmed in their favor by the Su- bilsfor the reduction ofthese salaries. But as often as the
deprecation of the introduction r-f i,-,,,d, arnd ffering ev, ry f' clity to the advance of th, preme Court of the State, and on Saturday last, the Sheriff, Assembly passed the bills,the CUi~beil-whii- has grad.
eci.qsos&.shr fmes.Ir, rshirt-pa fW.tim.thitisebuilI W. Twist, was about to serve his writ of ejeetment on ally assumed the functions of a l]gniatire tody, andI laEm
melting questions," &c., there-- in was otnl.uletely envil-ped in one' mass of raging fire, the occupant, John Powers. at length recognized as such by the popular bran-h re-
-rdtdicuss any topicof deep :TheS^^ erip,^iated ton-.n th Scp-.t~ with thtetopunotaslityr now
ts b digsus rnytoio e ndIeredamattewrofours-,.,heptwitheourexellutnietDeatyn Itbeing previously intimated to the Sh-nrffIt ith t.,get jeeted them. At length it was determined to tako a t6rmor
spag s.nists in every psitii, ta m-n. and ntteiihstandn the furious spread of the aery possession of the property, he must d.-,. to..- 1:1 a,- i.,, he stand than ever. Accordingly, during the s-sion which
he intf poitisnt ment, itan d rogress wand i:e fur with alon-atd miraculous situm,.ried i I--- ,m5ifir ,,f all the rlrjs in the commenced on the9th of November last, pursuant to a re-
-he sul-i'.-ct (igtSlarver,; and it is nt.i- v s ^. w ith was -h t- tirth -- u hdt6 our,ty t. mect on th. Plaz, ,.nd torendmr him assistance solution which had passed the House, limiting the public
the distrsifth, time serving c te i the t-ra ther--i.- t.totn t h.' teu.xt-n ithis duty; and to make "assurance expenditure for the present financial year to 165,000, .
8athe disrre,:, the tie serving o.t d. F.rus-ir atly, the rilt nivo uill the c.r ,r,f Bat- p doubly sure," he procured and loaded a large cannon in bilfl was passed to reduce the salaries of all public official
.law, medicine relgtion nnj pol ter 'end rihBus it, l, had i ut bn d ppied the Plaza, intending to have it taken to the scene of riot. percent. This bill, like its predecessors, was rejecte
smirk tsmade v relation toit- by thou Counren n.,tthtrHio.-vsee While there, a man by the nameof "Mickey" made soame by the Council. Upo this, the House proceeded to pass
.y tar;gkaiy the ma uoft urnin mbrdremarks about the warlike demonstration, and carelessly the Import Duty bill; but inserted a clause in it, approl.
da ar fortifying for a grand ~y ta-u thm of hiin t -rand in threw his riatta" over the mouth of the cannon, and at- printing the revenue derived under it, to other departments
ned rin nltuI,.g:. is like it aIe it ti-, th tire. Fr sou r, im' it tempted to draw it off, when the Sheriff ordoredlhim to of the public service than the payment of pubio salaries-
,ed "in-t,tuh,:,nu is like "the wtasth-ught that the (Ii;sial Hoi~t.' ivould be,r(,me a pr's 0 u aaay
Ph-i tninh m'r m-.," and tIb.- t, ^ b-tr- --Anu.-ue l l u desist, and duringthe disputeia Cad.r.r;-,n l,, -v.was imme- and directing the overplus, if there shouldbe any, to this
itih-l ; rni o ,r, mo-tl ah d .eliest th,; FaLe. bu-t b d u',' ted itt diately behind Twist, stabblel him in his bik,just below latter purpose. This hbllbeing n.ject.d by the Cuo,.l, on -
,t, Fnii -, ri.,.e t ud, rob- iby ,etne,.edwitte his left shoulder. the.plea, that the Assembly had a right to aippropriale the
Sv.tit.s ,.liverigari,, in iiud, moat b i uldrg, it W Sv,.d in dpte (if .Ij the cu. t TheSheriff turnedround, drew his revolver and shot the revenue, the Housepassed a retlut-., todo ,n- iiinuse
d i vithron. in n.edein iip.l s t The Rss ite ,--i.- was. burn,-, tO tih cr-.un.-i '. Californian dead on the spot, at the same time ordering his with the Council. The Governor then prorogued the -
soir t:.thron.iutinixprmnted ud,.rtand it i wAsvid Ldat i"uialu:nIli, th fur- party to fire. Hereensued a generalmelde, and pistol bul- Legislature in the course of a very dictatoril etpeoh.
,rncl t,7. rl-h.,r its ini.lutius,un- -Legilatuppinehegcursetfiaieryat abiislitnent
kr,.,w the SoutbI-rn cu,^ anI i.n a di ,r pndthger r ,,'nth ot lhn ]etse wer, flyir. .r..ic r.itline ;u all directions. The Califor- for week. On re&issembling, the Import Lutvuy a ni im
* cnntinw phases, i it- he td wo t1 firweo- c.f l ,a.t iier and i- d 5e. nians, und- ri-aDt.ic the Sh-rri to fire on the Americans, Duty bills were passed, with appropriation clauses, mak-
r causniin phases, qL,,hlhrt tbem SVD-ytd, two of which wer. of two .t,:riee. andr, I:th. ,. hvr, l([dsve p.:mu n n mc esetd i3 6.t, s",net~ b Pio, h olcan l
gathem Ir is a Edme ul I brag idwl n l shut ofi vii-i^si-e 6i,,.o oloctd l very pr.-mniient and much respected eiti- inre he m i twnanee of the Prison, the Police, and the
t It ;s a th.e' ,tfr_- will nut h'1f- ,t *o i ti, t nh cnp, zen, J A Vi.d[Il E? A q. .rmriy i Justice of the Peace an Putiii Hp:-iplat -i Kngar.en. prior charges---the objection
rPm th e st1.11art. t e 0 .. ta l .,fh' ,.n i r c a e h e b e io
R,: ye uave the fl to e Fw, e Deoh thtit .the opi the C.:.unrt-, asdi deteirmmewin re te they to ktr h ut billhthat abl ttrii b ill having been again rejected
Rifh.' C.liu nia L-i'lt--r th itar- to the Fire ididps- rrmvrI t ht the des y ntrutr,,nwhn hris L,.]dy was Cinaa. aFl. r death,itwasfoundto be by the C.;.uril. Again was the power of appro-
of the C'.airorla'%Legislt,1` -,r c,, oatA w,d*h.te nt'did, as thie w,:-rO Lreiy wor-,',Jn truotures I was r;dei thr ,, blt.AM. unws prai. uth ,t t theAsml ae p ther bof epo-
l t,-o mantle with t.- biu,.h :, C in- he i ,:.;ty, sr6e ofwhi.b wers:orched to bl.:kns, cc.plet y i-i.lrl-l. with r-t. i bullets. AMr.Dunn was priiin on the a ol the Assembly made the bo -of
most hardened profligate. This adoly6i-d e m l rige t alo thr-ugh the hbuller contention by the Council, and the two bill v ,ref thrown
and' Lgislatorswas followedlyy zi r.-d br v the mn t utoing exertions vo cr Gr.t h.tem t s[atl prevali. although ithas nowpar- out. The resolution of the previous session to do nobusi-
utu,.,as citizen, (a professional burned sad tb'rewerer m-.r tLth sral hadperished lly J ul-_ineo itn inl-,Inenoe of the appearance of the ness with the Council was renewed, and the Lei-litara
rte .-.f Jud .-'. layv:rs. d,, oi-.- tirt R 15.etti.e loss.. h butt we have to believehrthat r S. r-v,-aie curtr Ewins. whi, h arrived in the harbor again prorogued. On ressemb:,niL' the Governor m ide a
t ,lddy it acnouu., fr ta th li fn d thatne lives early on Sunday morning, from San Pedro. The Mayor of speech of astillmore offensive c i,-ra-ter thao thepr vioum
f,.r innyv a ii-herer1l -crittii.r" t. c -st.tphte alyv ,ut luudan, and thatnaives the City, Don Francisco de la Guerra, repaired on board to one. This was replied to by the Assembly in a strain t
ly t1 tO a ) i.i) hipf.e. If you The losses as nearly as we can learn are as follows obtain assistance from the commanding officer, who withering sarcasm and cutting irony, provoking a sh.rp
afik3..andbk.itaand6b.X:s los...s, .. as near l w ... .... a'" as,,,, promptly offered to do all in his power, so far as it was in retort from the Governor. The members on :his i-.turnred
i-s and. la.Iu,:, man.ld.-lx, A, -If .. ... .i', ..a. .-.. . .i conformity to law. to the House from the Audience Chamber, again renewed
-t an-i wold-n-' .eni soniiliiii. M,.....'....'.......thu Cer.c,,,,l. s ,. -,:..;.'l:.: u,,,
it all woiuld very soon be wal- t, c................ic' ir. tt.,............... i Twist,-the Sheriff, is in a very critical condition, and not the resolution to do no business with the Council and intm-
irprimeatanywrongsiemmitt,-d,.t Mr ,-mrto............... i.,,iiti;e& M5a ......... t,';." epi,.l t, .,livethroughthisday, (Monday, May 2.) mediately adjourned for a week-namely, to the 2th inst.,
ould c.-, and v i rn,.dd be ot............A..... ,1i MI io-r ................. i., hi- th n iti. -n- r 0L Inry ............ i'ii Mc .....op::::ly1
at it were no wore th-in it is." tiTElhu................... 2, t-,.,n L Eia.l............ l ,) a Deputy be appointed by the Sheriff to execute the writ, again adjourned-if adjournment it can be properly f rme*.
s incr--aoing, and amid the fir. "i. B.rn.................. I:,, t%.;. ..p -.:.eitiBB.. and if there should be any resistance offered, if necessary -to next day. Since then the House hb-as ii.];.:ured front
and raility. ar- plihating that ,altar- o .......... tI(i Bt oa,.I,-o ............ Irin hewilicome forward with all the force this commando dayto day, as it has been found impossible to form a
ard wha-so ensiL, anilt, ;ti a. Vn .....,....... l', o assist the civil authorities in the administration of the law. quorum.
and will glt it, ',nd iil enl..rc-e it., U r''.l. The city election for municipal officers takes place this Under such circumstances, the constitutional course for
-eted in thd mvrment in ..:,r ithother small lesr, the whole amount is not less than day andstrange torelate, not one vote has as yet, 1 o'clock, the Governor is to dlssolvetheHouse; buthewill not, on
a A ,i'f -hi.-n yu ,prr.',i-h them. $100,000. been recorded in the ballot box. The Americans refusing the unconstitutional ground, that an appeal to the consti-'
ni' MayDaly, wa. iv[.ld on the THREE LIVES LOST AT TiHE Fi RE -Snce writing our to vote, and the Californians pursuing a course of indiffer- tuencies will only tend to still further weaken his miserably
booi turid -ut, with -s.jal a :-.i..rt '.i:. i" fire. we hv.- learned, ipri p.-..:id uth-..-ritr, ence onthe matter characteristic of many of them. small band of blind adherents. He, therefore, evidently,
have lbh moilt et.-nent bands IlIi three his-r.ifD ni oet nre were I-:it in the lcii niehi's Itis generally considered quite a fortunate occurrence refers awaitinginstructions from the Home Government
., and had a rare time with fire, all in the Raas_-tte H.:uce. OtAr-' ma a w iin- t,:,jump that th ,li.ituri-Liiac happened on the Plaza, as, had the But if the present Government are sincere in their profeg-
Sof all kin.,t Thl nuribrr wf filia the thij-I story window., his body was not ubt inied party repaired to the Ranche, it would be impossible to sions of acknowledging self-government in ti.-ir local af-
reputed at f'rnam twrelve to A womanwas seenpn the r,-'-r part if t bunliiri., and foretel the result, as it would have been a scene of much fairs to the Colonies as their political creed; ail i-e'p,.-ially
ra sr,..-:, atich;li iu tlh tIre.i., suddenly the flame ctiurl-.a ,v-r htr, au-1 iiL,, was l--tf an. bloodshed. The present occupant, John Powers, having in advocating the reduction of expenditure r-n It. part of
w V %, attnrd the public other-woman was seen chiging ig'.m thb., oil fr. a third determined with his friends, to resist the Sheriff even with Jamaica, I hardly see how his appeals to Downing-street
y anrd 'onry. The Lord only story window. she th.b-n fiU a-td wils l-.:t A child was his life. [Corr. Alta CaL can benefit the cause of Sir Charles Grey, unless indeed
hinlthe n.xt three y-ars, if the thrown out of a thud titry window, b.i was caught and We copythe following from The Los Angelas tar. the rights which the 0...vtrirein-rit piifel tn be willing to
dry ttue ci-miug. "ithin the received but little injury. [lit r6 Cal., May 4.
d uus- ii.,ratring. b svoimhin i TEGRAC R -htv emasc. erecetved b ll .EMIGRATION FROM SONORA.-W- I, [1 n that about 1,200 concede to us are to be .tti.rdeJ with ,,muie d;rgra,.ful
maneas thI.,,,lu, atlidisd by some o THE GERMAN CBLE. RATIOr'.-r. The.two i erman societies, Sonorians are on their way to C lcf'..rni, and may be ex- compromise-a not unlikely circuamtan,-r. ".ris;,luring
hl fl, aortib. I l.r thisaisbone ot, ibeTrurer mud Sirger Cc rpr. iehLbrlar ed tbfir second an- nected to pass through our vicinity in afewdays. Their now this Colony has been .heretofore treated by the so-
Itaichni uidmtaU nivernrv c.n -rthe l'h itu. on th firm 1f Mr. tass, nearthe w estination is said tobe the mines. As these neighbors of called Mother Country. Anysuch,;--, h.:,w,ver,
beautyineJ, a double ti:,n The o dt,.id- l n ..r the jubilee was ours have not the most enviable reputation for honesty, we is almost certain to be rejected wit, tih'lin.ti,,ln. Th'
lays sines. They.were; a,,ir-1,i-Yv dipted t,," oi , A I Lrge spaoewas de- advise our readers to be ontheir guard. Look outfor your struggles which commenced with ademandl f..r -i]r.jduction
lliiit, l oLingBoic iu e 1..1 t- t i, all thb lIuir;.si of the season horw *of expenditure, has assumed a mere serious aspect. No-
Ll Iit l.ciag ruo -' inute._, c-l:.edtn ti-s ,:s, w-hnerealt, u T:ftosao horses. 1hr 'et:naazaateainfteo~iwl o
r, Ihe spi ce w.s s sl-ort that tho were spread, to which ample justice was done by the num t .hIr ll.,n a radical alteration of the Council will now
hearti,.,fthecity.immeditlly hbers of invited guests, after the athletic exercises of the day THE REAL THiEVEs.-We learnfromgood authoritythat ,,ythe people oftJamaica, who are determined to
g upon them all their bright it re n.,r,(,lded Gymnastic feats, songs, leaping, run- a party of Americans met a company of Sononrianson the interpret the somewhat ambiguous wllrdion of the Chan-e
ide of .,,me hundred apd fifty r,.Ig wr-i tling,, muc.ic and dancing, comprised the amuse- 22d ulit., nearNew Rivsr, whohadin their possession the inellr of the Exohequor am ie u vi,- i .) constitution" oC
the most gratifying view of.this n.ants .-f tX day. It appeared as if half the city horses which Col. Willtams, of China, lost a fewweeks theisland, asmeaningth-l.tpid fre vf placing eleven
dame nature. You see we have had made a point tis curious display. Several ao, and which he supposed to have been stolen by the n- individuals, the best half of whom are recipients of large
.... .oth,:r .,r,.iTliL. r. prerent, by invitation, and neither dinsu. The Sonorians had wththem many otheranial public salaries, in such apositionas to have the right th
er, we;cihing .?,.,me "if-,O p,,uin., amorg tbei-ui.--ts, ihi m.,ii-ters of the clubs, or thespeo- which have been stolen from this county. Of course, te vto any bill which provides for the reduction ot heir
ia. it was mc good tartune ta) tot,:,.ri, wn., there a sin.-i insltancei, disorder. Everything whole crowd are safe in Sonora at this time. own princelyincomes.
ugm,:,men[. Somn- paltry -p.?-i. e'ir, off withtbegr ,i,.lt h-,'m,:.ny. The celebration was FROM THE COLORiADo.-We learn that the Yumas have I have to inform you of the death of the Hon. Hector
is'..- the bear. wiho, enrated, arejuvivnatien ef one of the old customs ofthe" faderland," come down in large numbers from the mountains to cuiti- Mitchel, Mayor and CustosmRotulorum of Kingston, which
rnirt! IBr e r-f the h.-r iline and is, we understand, one of vary ancient date. The fes vate their planting ground in the vicinity of Fort. Yuma. took place on Friday last. In this climate, very little time
sitr The animal fairly hblow -. I l tivities were to be continued.ry a Their numbers are considerablylarger than was anticipated is permitted to elapse between death and interment; conse-
'ell, how d,, voJ supposei he Cot EPISCOPAL CoNvBNTxoon.--OThursday, May 6, the trien- by the authorities at the post. The rich and fertile lands quently there was nothing indecent in the Conporation
'ring-' Not, I promise you, as nial Convention of the Protestat Episcopal Church of Cal- on the Gila and Colorado are capable of being made to pro- meeting while his Honor was on his death-bed, anddecree-
e. ha-I he dared to undertake it, ifornia commenced its session$in San l^-^rar o. Thisis dues all the tropical fruits and vegetables, and, by the time inghima funeralat the expense of the city. The matter
y some worthless pasn kUlr.n -Jr the second Convention oulythat has ever been held in this the overland immigration arrives, there will be an abund- was scarcely decided, when the muffled toil of the bells of
Dc-cuntm,:at N..-. Si, but by tti ir.,thavingmetintheyear .fwom^stak e of melons, squashes, and other vegetables for their thedifferentplacesofworshipconveyedtheeid iriinh]hi,.nco
11cr tr.,agh and bclIl;nc it thbre n-I, tb-re are only two Episcopal parishes which can prop use. [San Diego Herald, that the venerable gentlemen-he was 84 years of age-
id during ihe inlervah li, king it er]y be t.till-d such in California. We allude to those now m ied, had departed this life. The bells continue, to ring ,ut
t iut,,,ahdued thepain.nd in almost flourishing condition in San Francisco. Grace At San Francisco, Apr2, M.s John OhwanM P notes til 9 o'clock at niPhht.. wh n ilg i, e e,,d.
fer-cure. As this specimen of Church of Sacramento has been without a rector for two Brengal, ioth of San Francisco. Be(ommenciogat6oclock next m,,rr ng.theithuknIn
ith will soon be with you, your years at least, and it never had a church edifice. St. John's In an Francisco, April S0, Mr. Chas. Steward, of San Franucio, to continued till the time of interment, asunt d o', li-.k in the
rt-un;iy of becoming acquainted Church of Stockton has only lust been organized, and is as Mi s Cecel iArea, of Mexico. corpse wain s bAt r2 'lo m the rfid containing the
iisbed professor of ydropathy. yet without a rector. Still affairs look prosperously, and King of nomero Aperic7e.ias rt rom th evidence of the
]is keeper that he evidently was the Convention of this year is a decided improvement so At Honitis, Matipose Caouty, A. J. Browinsg to Elizabeth Mrr. late Mayor to the Court House, where it was laid in state
^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ w0 ^till^^ the^ tim SI o f inS termntrrve.Tfhe funr al wasoneo
been had he hurt himseli; which far as the number of its members in concerned, on that of Died, the motm sol nermnl pend rivd. fThe so nrthat has oeve bof
Its admit. il- ye "n tn ;,,: W,. understand that it is possible the ques- InSnFrnicoitt e d CrsetCc oenajms'~ wtesditoCt
I informed you of an Allopathio ",--n ,t true el, ti-it-- c-f a Bishop may arise for consideration Ia^rt, ofva-ioloid, cesultingin congestion oi" ie t.:. B.B.Acky, w ed ei For particulars of it I refer you to
h' legislating which was under- "i-I--ne 'ditocrirrini of SerraientoCity, agadaboutll years~ifcs i uaa. d of oatyfiso vaath fiesofora city a or nals Ho. TEd candiodaefor, thepi-
hich would 7have been carried Toe C, Sritn decided to send Messrs. Jonathan Ed- dla: vlon
nineorten old f-ogy f. D.s in wards, J. D. Hawks, J. M Russell and Ed. Audariese as InSan Francisco, May 3, Thomas Johnson, aged 60 yess, ofrimely cipal editor of Thus MorningJoural, and the nosleadinmg
reunstrance which Dr. Bowne, Delegates to the GeneralConvention, which meetsin Otto- SyIctSaamenyo, MaI, ofidropioftheble.OnF.Godfry, agedi member of the Counci; and Philip s senior
of this city, sent np..his was ber next at New-York; also procure, if possible, a visit 45 yers, formerly of Baftinorexan ileo ^ e Ky. member for Kingston. Mr. Gordon is a colored gentleman,
ited the sympathies of so many from some Bishop of the Churc of this Diocese. At Strawberry Valley, April27, ofheaneohageofth 1n-..'t .Sni and Mr. Lawrence is of the Hebrew faith. Both candidates-
Price, of Maryoville, formerly of Sputa, Ohio, in the .nb ..:r ni O,j are eminently suited to the office. In my opinion the former
bil k a n tok duendie Protes thingd sno Bisho opuof.the Mde.san ChutRch osu South dsin ais- en Nevada, on the 24lth April, Basil loe, formerlyof Mobil Counuty, gentleman is the moat eligible.. Truehe has shown himself
cttes scheme inendw4s.Poetn .. eirBso fted to herh ouhdeigs iS sltheroppontent to the psopular cause; but the. eminent
t to mszme abtene th e citing the principal towns in California before returning to Ohio, aged 5 ... renrtocu
ptdd mzly attack t the ,dverysyte the AtlanticStates. He was to preach on the 8th ult. at the AMGcssai aley, April 9s after..' :ar scir,,iuii "ur ...t~. canvrb IgItn "rgeta mc l-elnh
tiflyin atblnste ahis psistion- pto Benicia. Trea Eyck, of N'onthrile, Mish, as-u .1 annve b iy+..
rtifyCngahimsepoi- hi posion- Capi 1n0 rAn fB-0-Apnt 24 likely to be mart.-d in the progress of lu. cn .c..s an
is own liberal views, and con- EICH DIGGINGS.-A gentleman from across the Bay, FSli Si e Fa hoe i I- 4o Soeomi Boaon, New- election. Tie terms Jew an Mulatto wl he Us--I re-
yesterday sold in this market the latest proceeds of a rich wonrC-.Fo .. a..... rr,.. Litillyi more often than is consistent witih .il,-rilttv.

more prays that yourHonors, contra- lead-o potatoes---for the considerable sum of $9,800. .April 25, LambeitFolk,Va.,24; Joh P. Aniaver, tnce, a(4 IL -,, r- ral thingsin my former I tt-r I.,v It, li1i.
g and sanctioning the doings (under the There wei'e thirty-five tuns in the lot, and they were taken D. "Whitbeek New- Yo k 20
Phyican, o watve scoo, nu b ad-5 ~Apdil.8, John A. 8ithilIel.and,I ;l~xDeaarIinoo 27; Ja nits which I ai~ed] rit recapitulate here. I r-for y,,u ho the
liwho are recognized and known in by a dealer at fourteen cents per pound. The same gen- Ari. A-Sv 6-l eet r,,'io7 ; letter in question, which I suppose you will receive short
hst eos, male or fehmoet; har tieman had previously sold from the same little patch sea- Aprii27,PoteHBrdy, Iamce a .Tb Te, b L-ti- ,- Co. 5 atrthis.
rasit of knowledge a tdskillnitsaem- eral hundred tuns of the article, at prices fully remunera- Lewis H Mass. 4& Michaelwo, 2O .,,... t ti.
o their we breathe, and likethe tive. A smaller lot of the same sort, or rather not quite so April iaaSe ,ranceJa ,c. M.'-''. w{ -t. See them atop,
through everynerve andpore of the desirable, from Santa Cruz, netted the producer over Week. Va,7i ;Edwad S. Bn.c e i B'O, o Goia. Seeothemdrop,
ay have a free choice to stain that r eei, S dro
best qnalifiedfor theimportantstation, $8,000. [Alta California. By LyoN's Powder slain;
hop men"of aj oe ortwo ys.A single dash
mepractitioner of t one or two sy- From the Mines. LATER. Settlesth eir hba,
eon legisated out of existence. "A B-htyql never crawlagain
ind the best _itenm and ablest practi- We do not remember to have ever witnessed so many fram T an
foued to have sostanod no hurt inthe evidence of prosperity in the Northern and Southern The Steamship Prometheus, Capt. Churchill, from TYON's .MAGr aI POWDHe will clear aluseof
edoher duty, give all syst fair Mines as are presented at this time in the various re- San Juan del Norte, arrived this morning just before Lnoi ^ em r.arboSr asria. uoith.eei','fi r i l, ,in ,i'deIrr's
ftheas to atestny odds-ad te amprioa. portswhich reach us from the different mining sections e tp t ts. Ii.tetshe bsing 4233ae s- ffeagiet Lw ra, PCllP- in dlNo. lb-
,izeoftlawe Stoathr oa f the State. EnqQuragoemnt iS afforded every branch of we put this edition to press he brings 423 p- Il5 m ba t. .1 h .s


The Baugly"Cart Conclude--Ilndorle.
Editorial Caoreondence of The N.Y. Tribune.
IHDORE, Cratrti Tnd., T"-'daT, Jan. 11, l1ai
It was not without some misagivings that I atain tonk
my seat in thebaughy-cart, and left the place called
Seerpore. I was now entering the Sindwah jungles, a
desolate region, swarming with tigers, and so unhealthy
that from the end of July to the first of January it it
impassable. In case Wof accident there must be Oeten-
tion, and detention in such a case is fraught with dan-
ger. However, nothing venture, nothing win," is the
traveler's true maxim. We thumpedand bumpedalong
in the noonday heat, making about two miles an hour,
and had pro.'ee-ded five miles, when I saw the axle
(which I had been watcbing) suddenly giv way again.
S jumped out in tim" to aroid the crash, and once more
tookinmyseat inthe iunL' the bshade ot a thornybush.
Thegroom mounted d ihe h,rse and rode away, the driver
munacked the baggage and seated himself opposite to min.-,
and thuswe sat for three hours. "Patience," after all,
is the watchword of life. It may seem in.'redible, but I
was thoroughly patient during all this time.
The groom a( last appeared with a new cart-and
much a cart! It had been broken so often, that it was
a hopeless cripple. The square box had such a pitch
forward, and the step was so short, that I could by no
possibility keep my seat without holding fast with both
hands. By this time it was dusk, and we crept forward
gradually, the horse occasionally falling down in the
ruts, and coming to a stand-still every fifty yards, until
urged furward by) repeated cries of" aibap !. ai bhai!"
(Oh, my rather! my brothe-rIi About 10 o'clock we
reached a village called Palasnehr, only 16 miles from
Seerpore, having been ten hours on the way. The driver
succeeded in making me understand that he did. not
intend to go any further that night. I therefore went
to the bungalow, and roused the sleepy Rhidmutgar.
What can I get for supper?" I asked. Kuch na,"
(nothing.) So I took a carpet-bag for a pillow, lay down
on the bare bedstead, and slept soundly till morning.
"Can you get me anything for breakfast 1" I asked
again. "Kuch ia." And the baughy-cart being ready,
I went away hungry from Palasnehr.
The road was a little better, but as we traveled on a
trot instead of a walk, the cart lost nothing of its rough-
ness, which, indeed, was rather increased. The labor of
holding on taxed me sorely, and as there was no relaxa-
tion, except when we stopped to change horses, the
muscles of my arms an]1 eas at lastbecame so exhausted
that I was ready to double up" and bink together in a
heap. My wrists and ancles art: still swollen from the
effects of that day's work. The horses and drivers on
this part of the road are probably the worst in the world.
The driver's knowledge is coutined to holding the reins,
and even this bhe understands very imperfv.ctly. Instead
of choosing the smoothest part vf the road he takes the
roughest, and if a stone is to be seen. his satisfacrion is
not complete unless the cart runs over it. He frequently
swerves some distance from the direct track to effect
this object. As tor the horse, he isthe master, and if
any exertion is necessary you may possibly flatter but
cannot force hint into it. When first harnessed he never
starts of his ownaecord. Onre groom stands at his head
parting and coaxing, hdile two others push at thewheels
until they press him flbrward. He then backs, andsome-
rimes sits down -,n his haunches. More force is put to
the wheels, until backing becomes alabortohim, and
then he goes forward as long as the road is level Bat
by and by you come to a slight ascent. He knows
already where it is, and unless you keep him on a gallop"
he stops at the bottom. The groom jumps down and.
runstohishead. Ttb di," (pat him.) says the driver.
and while the former pats him on the ne'k, the latter
cries out in mot endearing tones: '" Oh, my father, mr
brother, my bully, my brave feluow '" Thus encourageld
be makes a stait, and gets about hal" way up the rise,
when he stops and leisurely backs down again to the
bottom. This is repeated three or four rimes,and finally
some of the bullock-drivers aro called on t. ,s i-s1
They lay hold on the wheels, and the hors'-, instead of
drawing up the earth, is himself pushed up wirh it. On
one occasion, where tbere tins a rise of about one fi,,t ii
ten for a hundred yards. I was. obliged to wait an hour
and a half before we succeeded in paEsiii.
Soon after leaving Palasuehr, the road criseaid the
Sindwah Ghaut, a range of hills about sLx miles in
Breadth and covered with jungle. Beyond them opened
the valley of the Nerbudda, and the Vindhya Mountains,
on the opposite side, though fifty miles distant, were
dimly visible Between lay a nilt. waste of jungle, Pal-
most uninhabited, a reservoir of deadly nalihtria an.ia
paradise for panthers and tigers. The nord "'jungle," I
should explain, is used to express any kint o wil-i
ro wth, from a thicket to a forest, whether highland or
owland. The different varieties are distinguished as
"close jungle, thorn jungle, wet jungle," &c. About
Sindwah the jungle is close, composedof thick cluinps,:t'
shrubbery and small rrees, with here and thero a mag-
nificent banyan or sycamore towering over it In th-,
valley of the Nerbudda there are many banyans, and
some of great size. Few trees pres,-it grander nimase.
of foliage than this Instead or" a I-w roof tf b,',uLh-,
resting on its pillared trunks, as I had suppose-.], it sejad,
up great limbs to the hight of a hundred, or eren a hun-
dredand fifty feet, and the new trunks areoften dropped,
from a hight of thirty feet. They hang like parcels .t"
roots from tbeendsof the boughs, and when br,:k.n.
and prevented from reaching the earth, continue.e to in.
crease ad become woody like the trunk. I have seen a
tree on which huge hallf-trminks, that had never reached
the earth, hung from the branches, like the firacments otf
shattered pillars, hanging from the roof of an EcTptiao
rock-temple. The leaves of the banyan are large. glossy
and dark-green, and at present the foliage is stt-ded
with buds of a bright purple color.
The only e4her large trees that I have remarked, are
the sycamore and the tamarind. The acacia and mi-
mosa are occasionally met ivith. and the date anti crab
palms thrive in the valleys. The tamarind frequently.
rivals the banyan in size, while its foliage is wonderfully
graceful and delicate. The leaflets of ilats slender pin-
nate leaves are so small, that tbe Koran could not more
forcibly describe the torments of the blahi,,metin Hell,
than;henit says that tbhe sinner in the neilier fire
aalW receive, to cool their thiret, just so much water as
wil lie on one ofl these leaflets, once in a thousand
years. Of the smaller trees and shrubs, there is a great
variety, but the tamarind and banyan are the character-
istic trees of India, as the palm is of Egypt. and the
magnolia and cypress of our Southeri States.
]From Dhoolia to the Nerbudda, my road was through
the District ofl Candeishb, which, two or three weeks
ago, was the subject of general attention, on account of
the rising of the natives. The disturbance had already
been queUed, but if I had not had such confidence in
the potency of English rule, I should have feltthat I
'was exposed to some danger. We met continually with
companies of armed natives-not the mil], abject inhab-
itants of the cultivated districts, but the tal, fierce coos
of the jungle-men with keen eye., heavy- black beards,
and a striking expression of courage anddetiance in th.iir
whole bearing. They did not stoop and touch the earth
in humble salutation, as I passed, but looked me fail in
the face, without a single word of greeting.* Some
were armed with the long Bedouin gun, some with
pears, and all wore sabres. They were nearly all on
foot, but a few, who seemed to be men ,f' authority, rode
en ponies. I should judge they were mostly Moham-
metans, from their turbans, and from the cast of their
features. It is very easy to distinguish between the fol.
lowers of the rival religions, without reference to any
distinguishing mark of dress, and merely from the ex-
pression of the face. -
We constantly met long trains of laden bullocks and
with numbers of ackrets,.or it-mtive ox-cart.s. Many of
the trains were accompanied by c/hpras.,a, or Govern-
ment servants, (distinguished by a baud over the should-
cts with an inscribtd brass plate upon it,j and by s'poys.
In all my life I never received half the number of mill-
tat- salutations, as during tiasjourey. Of course Iwas
in the East India Coimpany's service, hir nobody else
travels here; my browu face showed that [had been a
long time in the country, r'nd my habit of never i-,mr'.-
sing astounihment, when amonu a s-raince people, wnas

sufficient, in spite of my ignorance of theI language, t0
certify the facit. Every sepoy drew himself up, lf-e]
rightabout, gave his right arm a wide s : p an d brought
hise hand to his cap. I made an officer's response, of
course, but merely nve a slight nod to the salutations of
the peasants, though there sometimes almost prostrated
themselves before ine. i'ear Sindwah we passed a small
village, where all the male inhabitants rushed out of
their houses, rang.l themselves in .a row beside the
road, with the elder or chief it their h ad. and ii.c:e-.
ivelhv tiuehd fte dust and tiu-ir foreheads. It i u not to
be inferredthat these humiliatore tokeii-ns of reverence
and submission to the English power have been forced

upon the people. Theylearn'd submisionlong 90a-o it There is a picturesque frekard of mango and date.
is natural to Them. The tkdian servant not only calls trees on the eastern side of the town, but the soil is too
yon his father, but his .g an is and when he thin on the uplands arAund it to support much vegeta-
wantsv to ask oorua c, homes to you with a bunch of tion. The garden of the Resident is artificially made.
grasin hismov., saying he is your beast. His residence, which I visited, is a stately stone man-
During t forenoon we passed Sandwah, a miserable si'(.n, with large and lofty rooms, furnished in superb
village a*, present, though once a place of some import- st5le. He maintains a great state, which he may well
ance, as its massive fortress testifies. There is some do on a salary of 4,000 a year, in a country where labor
'sltivation near it, but the country shows marks of and the ordinary necessaries of life cost next to nothing.
neglect and decay. I was told that a large part of The wages of a field-laborer here are 2 annas (6 cents) a
Candeish, which is now waste jungle, was a dlourishirmi day, he finding his own food. Women receive 1i annas,
and well-populated region fifty years ago It f so, i and boys 1 anna daily. House servants are better paid,
would be int-e'esfieg ro know the cause. The opera- as they are obliged to wear rather more clothes, but, as
tions of t.l' Esi: Indian Government form a labyrinth each has his particular business, eight or ten are required
into which I have net yet penetrated, and therefore I to do the work of a small family.
cannot judge how far it is responsible for such a state of I find the weather here unpleasantly cold, comingfrom
things. the latitude of Bombay. During the nights the temper-
All the rest ofthe day, and part of the night, we jolted ature is so low that thin cakes of' ice frequently form on
on through the lonely jungles. I was in great hopes of shallow pools But I am only halfway to Agra, which
seeing a tiger spring across the road, but had no such lies about '-i- miles to the n.orthard of this. I start
luck. Althnigh the ground was baked hard and dry, this evening with the post, which goes through in two
there w J s a fili a n exhalation from it, as my shadow ap- days and a half. B.T.r.
peared with a slight halo around it, such as one sees on a
summer morning, when the dew begins to dry. I suffe red LXXX.
with a dull headache all day, but the rough road might Tlie Manl-Cart.
account for this. Toward midnight we reached Akbar- Eadtoriatl Correpondenee of The N. Y. Tribune:
pore, on the Nerbudda, having made 54 miles. I was ARA, (Northern India,) Jan. 1I, 185l.
too sore to wait for supper, but went to sleep at once, At sunset on the llth, I took leave of my hospitable
after ordering breakfast at sunrise, when the cart was to hosts at Indore, and again ventured into unknown seas.
be ready again. Sunrise came, and 8 o'clock, but I had taken passage for Agra in the mail-cart, a vehicle
neither heart nor breakfast. At last the driver appeared, : precisely resembling the batehy eart. buit with the nad.-
and made me a number of remarks, for which I was none vantage of greater speed. "ftt. distance to bu traveled
thewiser. "Is the cart ready yet'" I aikked. "Yes,it was 380 miles, andthe fare 50 rupees, which is eonscid-
"is ready, but"-and hen- my comprehension ceased. A ered very cheap in India, but w ,uld b:- very dear in any
horrid suspicionflashed Ihrnuh my mind: Is it gone "' other country. The average rate of speed is from e'iht
"Yes, it is gone, but"-and he became unintelligible to nine miles an hour, so that the mail reached Agra- in
aiain. "Is there no cart?" again I asked. -Yes. alittlemore than twodays ; hbut as fewmor-
".there'sacart,. but"-. That dreadful" but" c.'ompleti'ly talframes wouldd be equal to such work, travelers are'
upset me. I went into the kitchen, took the half-cooked allowed to make the journey in several stages, by stop-
breakfast from the fire, and hurriedly ate it, for I had ing at any of the dawk bungalowson the road, and waiting
lived on biscuits for two days. I then went directly to for the next day's mail.
the post-station, but there was no cart there. The The mail-cart is propelled by two horses, one of which
people made many observations, but all availed nothing, is an outrigger. 'This iacilitrare the ascent of siii:ht elf-
till at last one of them rose and beckoned me to follow vationsintheroad, except whi-nu the two animals ebooae
him. We went down to the Nerbndda, which is a tomoveindiffereat diret".ni.u, which is by u,, me;ins a
beautiful river, a third of a mile wide, crossedthe ferry, rare occurrence. Ho ,."i, I Ib,.lu that I could retain
and behold! there stood a new cart, and there lay a new my position on the box Mithout holding fisat with both
driver, asleep in the sun! hands, and this was a great improvement on the baughy-
The road was tolerable, I could now sit without hold- cart. We set off at full ealiop. over a hard. well beaten
ing on, andthus thejour ey became pleasant again. The road, aiud thr..,uh a rollin, open eounrrv. The trvilht
valley of the Nerbudda is"very rich and fertile,the soil re- died away and- the youn moaioU went down bi-ltre we
semblingthe black loam of Egypt. We passed many reached D)ewas, twreuty-hitr ndies from, and
fields of flax, coveredwithblue andwhiteflowers; wheat, thencefo,,th e,' Uallnpr.l if ,Batrliehr. Ever the sama
cotton, tobacco and poppies, beside small patches of rolling upland, thijiy inhabited and eiintiliv cultivated ;'
sugar.cane. All s-'med to thrive equallywell. But a broadhelisofljungle.imoie drary an.d stunted than in
small proportion of' the soils cultirited, and itis no ex- the regions south of the iNerbudda, and crossed byfre-
aggerati-in to say that the valley might bemade to sup- quent abrupt nuilla,. Oc..ajioally a- passed low ranges
port a hundredfold its present population, We now ap- of stony hills, i here the rate .if our speed caused a most
preached the picturesque Vindhya Mountains, one ofthe intolerablejolting. T. tireiiilubingier
summits of which was crowned with a white building- the broad arms of peepul and banyan trees, were piic-
the tomb of a Moslem Saint, as well as I could under- turesque enough in the gloom, which hid their dirt and
stand the driver. The road passes the mountains, at a deformity, while the grotesque cones of theirtemples
place formerly called Ghara,but now Kintrey's Ghant, were the only o(,jets that .hrae.l with any diarinctness.
in honor of the engineer. It is, indeed, admirably plan- The silent driver aluaws ilew a dis,'ord.ant bl.lsr on his
ned, though now somewhat out of repair. The summit, horn while pak ing th'roiuh the dillatiges, aid on ap-
which separates the waters of thel two sides of India, preaching i he n's[t-ttations, which are from li6e to seven
overlooks a waste and bleak country. Soon after de- miles apart. We always t;und a t'nw sleepy rooms in
spending the northern side, we crossed the head-waters waiting with the fresh horses, which were slowly har-
of the Chumbul, the largest affluent of the Jumna. At nessedto our eaIt, and titter ioinr t ihtih ihbe-r exercise
8 o'clock I reaiLed the military station of Mhow. within of backing fnd rt-aring, spr.iop tIrarAd a-ith t galvanic
14milesof my dertinafion,aid w as so awelJ saristi-d that start,andwith an imptus vhi'.h dii nut eeOaso until we
I allowedthe dri'ter t ctop Ior the n;ibt. drewup at the next post.
Mhowis a hLandsome t.,tinn, the ,ti eers' bungalow, Thusthe ii ;cht witor aawy, rIy only amusementwas
surrounded with small gardens, being scattered overan in wat:.:hin; the- eat Boear. as h.-'slel he.'l.-d iILroun']
extent of two miles. It stands ona dry plain, 2,000 feet the prile-sr~ir, foir in my previ,.,u wateh-s I had l.irned
above the sea, and is considered a very healthy place of o mnieaur.- th be hoiursa (i the ni:ht. by his progress. The
residence. The highest point is crowned by a large driver now and then made a remark, very profound, no
white church, the spire of which may be seen for some doubt, if I had understood it. I always assented, to avoid
distance. The place is included within the limits of the discussiont.ihi a,,uld hve been emarrasoin., .in ifhe
Madras Presidency, and as the number of regiments has addressed a .it-terin to mne, in7arihly ari,..ver',l: "
lately been diminished from five to three, many of the "don'tknow." 'there is no iLe in teillinzth..-. .e,,ple
residences are vacant. I had only a passing glimpse of that youdon't und-rlt. nd their lau;gm;'e, fjr th.-v Jatber
the town, as I left early noxt morning. A drive of two nua vt you iu,-t the zanrim a., ete.'. It is math better
hours, over a good road and through a rolling upland to ti;ake a h.,nrr aud despfoie ue ,l Ihe 1 iv w,..rds yuu
country, devoted to the opium ulture.brouihr me to: know, and rei.tict the cmoniers:tti..n to thi. reminarks
Indore, and Ibade adieu ito the- Iaiu_-h.cart. hoping I which are indispensable. As we proceeded northward,
might see no more of it. Tti, jliureiy fruom Bombay I noticed that Arabic words were frequently used. The
ueiupirid six days and a half, and I alecumil tihed it with form of salutation was the isui l salaam al.'koom" of
le(s lfatigue, thoigti wbit murr bruises than I expected the east, andthe drive.'r :xiaimrd,. ech tineir thatt he
L; hdor isathe capital of an independent State, and the mountedthe cart: in th' nIaine of the moit nier'ili
s.tarion of au English "Resident"-an office which is "God." In addition to this, he frequently touched the
e1uirvalent to that cf an Envoy or Anab-ssa-lor, except rim ofthe wheel and is fiorh.'a'l nalrern'ijely .:er.l
that the Rp.ident rather, in tL.. affairs of times with his feretfin.'r-prbalihly at a clbrriL to pre-
the State to which he is accredited. Mr. Hamilton, the vent accidents, tnIl I dea tly hoped it nadi't he effiea-
Resident here, is at present absent on a journey, but I cious, forwe li have been most kindly received by Dr. Impey, the Resi- snapped, as in t hee case of the ba ughy-cart, I should not
dency uiger.n, to whom I had a letter. With true In- bare gortc-n offso. easily.
dian hospitality, he tnolk me at once to his house, where When morning carne, there was so little ehan., in th,
both he and his lady have d,,one their utmost to mak.le m i ferurer of t lndcape that I could hare hliov'-e- my-
comfortal-lo. I have already seen the tfew sights o the self'titil in right of Indore, and yet we had made more
,place, and as my timn in Indi i lIoss than I aurieiputed, than a hundred miles during the night. I wis quite be-
shall leave this evening for Agra. numbed from the coldness of the air, and b.gaun tru feel
Indore is a town of about 60,000 inhabitants, having the effects of the jolts I had undergone. Soon after sun-
been much increac:d within a few yeors by the tyranny rise the driver discovered that one of the linch-pins was
of the Begum of Oodjeln, a holy old city, n.:r.h of this, broken off, so that the wheel kept its place from mere
many of thei inhabitants u'ntiicei hart' emigat,.l hither force ofhabit. The driver asked me he sriould
Portions of the city are well built, and remind me sont I, proceed, hut, as I knew he only put thie Ttqestion for
what otf Kniaii, anud other pliihc in rte inttiiio r i.t' Asia form's sake, since'the mail could not'be detained, I told
Minor. The houses tare e-nerally of wood, two stories him ti, tri-e ,,n, hihkh he *;]LL in the name of.the.most
high, the upper t.,ry pr< an.l resting on pillars, 8i nieiiltil God Our sped., after t(L;, ws more.furious
as to form a ver indah iaell ,. The pillais- nd hie heavy thin bt e '.I, and a n oid .allp ot'f six uile, dd.i;n Tlich
(cumnie ul..,ve them are ot ,lark nood.i :nd rerY elako- I cnifartaitl kept mystlftu.iieeI. in atiriile. t, prmin out,
rarelyy carved. In the center uf the t-jin i rhi.. broughtLt usIa t, the next post, whti-re weweeare t lortunste
Rajah's palace, fronting a small square. It is a enough to find a 'ubstitute tor the pin. Ditii;g rth,-.dny
quadrangle of about 400 feet to a side, th" portion we passed two mail.carts, lying by the roadside, with
over the main gateway rising to the hight of 80 or 90 their axles broken.
feet, and visible for many miles around. The architect- Nut hin2 could exceed the monotony of the scenery,
ure is Saracenic. thbounh not of a pure style. The which nout, in the dry reasn., wvears a bleak and desolate
pitewnay. howev-er, and the btal.-ooieo. o, it, are very aspect. During the rains, -hen the soU is hidden under
.le-ant. an.i the main cart, sir'.,und.'d b,- lofty pillars a deluge of herbage, and the ragged shrubbery of the
of dark wood, cnnneetrd ly ornate borse asoe arches, jungles starts into new bloom and foliage, it must pro-
has a fine effect. The outer walls are covered with pie- sent a very different appearance. Except in the shel-
tures of elephants, horses, tircrs, Enalihameu and na- tered hollows, where the palm still flourished, there was
ties, drawn and colored wirbth the mor ,:..nupiete disre- no token of atropi.,al rcimate. I found m' interest
guard of nature. .in observing the crowds of natives whom we met on the
SOnourwaytothetownias.ePei.iTet .n e met. l eRajah road. Inadditionto the different Indian ra,:e. whohad
and his suite, just setting outon aniexeuraion into the now become toleably familiar to me, there were oe-
country. He was ,ttenrdea bya large retinue of persons, casi-iionaUly mn.,.o taller stature, lighter complexion, and
soldiers dressed in the European style, officials in gnudy a bold,. ,utuhrais"ive expression of face, whom I tookto
dresses holding spears and flags, and all the piripliorna. l,,e Sikh or Afflhauns.
ia of a petty prince. Heis veryfondof dii~piy, bur I About noon we reached a place called Bursud, where
must confess that the whole showwas rather picturesque there was a traveller's bungalow, occupied by an English
than imposing. I had a good view of the Rajah, who is family. A lady was standing in the verandah, and I took
a younre man of airiut twenh. tall and stout fo)r his a.e, offmy hat to her as we passed. Politeness is its own
anid w-ih a good humni.-red thuh not remuar ldly inte'li- reward; for no ton,--r had we stopped to change horses,
gent f'ee. He wore a crilslIn robe,.and a iicim silkenr, than the lady's hubaunl made his appearance, and very
turban, studiiet with jew'ls. His storyis quite roman- politely asked ne t,. tale rome refre-40hi.-t. The in-
tic. Twelve years ato he was a poor shepherd boy in vitationwas timely., fur the appe rite of a hasnury man is
the neighborhood of" Ih,,a. The former Rajah, Hurry not satisfied with biscuits, (whihln was all my store,) but
EaoHolkar, haiaiug die,] ,-hiidless, and without any near I had determined to reach Gounsh, half-way to Agra, be-
relatives, the Stare might bare readily fallen into the fore resting, and could not detain the mail. I only men-
possession of the East LUiia Company." Instead of talt- tion the circumstance as -mnthen instance ,.f the hospi-
tlg it, however, seaieh was made for a successor, andthe tality of the English in India;
poor shepherd boy ,;-as foand to b :lon; to remote branch Bythis time, I was in thatfeverish and'excitable con-
of ee fanolly. He wua thereuiinluvested with the dition, which shows that ,.ne's powers of endurance are
Rsjahshcp, aud Mr. Hamiltn, it-e Resident, was ap- be.innlnn tt give way. I i-as bruised and shaken from
pointed Regent during his minority.- bhiad to i.,ot, racked with aches and pains, and above
Not'wth sran,iin, he was ede-ared under English ans- all. exqui'iiely tortured by a small iron rod, which ran
pieces, the Rajah doe. not seem to have acquired any ai.und the h,.,x whereonwe sat, to prevent our being
Enplish ideas, except a taste for horses and hunting, thrown into the road. The mark of that rod is still im-
The only public- works of his which were pointed out to printed on my flesh. However, in the afternoon we
me,were a 'mall h]cpita] antis:-h.-,ol, ate]a bri,!e a.:r,':.u caine into a hilly country, where the road was a little
therireror rather ravine onvtiihii ,. m.iorei.- hult. the better, and I experienced some relief. The hills were
latter is a very substantial structure, of hewn stone, and covered with jungle, but there was cultivation in the
cost upwards of $100,000. Thefinestthing I saw in it,h' valleys bet'eeu, especially about the little town of Re-
place was awetl, builtbyone of the lormier Rajahs Ir ,.,:,rgh, uhith is the re'mdence of'a Rajah. It is a
is a large square shaft, about 4lt feet di:,-p, ,.ruth .1 broad walled town, of rectangular form, with round towers at
flight of steps leading down to the water, and coolcham- the corners, but the walls have tumbled down in various
bers and balconies of hewn tone, for recre-itin daurLn places, making unsightly breaches, and disclosing the
the hot weather. I. poverty of th, dwellng', rithin.
In riding thriahr and aroit-,l ith town this morning, I A short ,li'tanne telrttit-r we overtook a large con-
was smick with the nunil't-r of useall Rindoo temples, course of natives, all efvhwiin carried leuj bhnh,,o pol.-s
The prnmeipal uinipl' i:' afija. se-r to the,'s palr-e; in their hands. Ar ,,nu tbh imi were ch, :,rn-.'-e-,,
but as Europeans are not allowed to earer. I -id..' .uh- (rG ;,-tr-r ient ,erTELnts. andtwn,,rthrn"'-- (e.n:.". "-- '
theoutside. Inthe suburbs, however, rh--re are man' all ,]rii in in line on ca,.h side of th.' ro',l. d.i,
sancluari's erecte-tl t,, the different gods, the most ofe most profound suileartns as I pa'ru d b,..'eeri th.-ir i.uks,
thin heiin,, open eaa,,pies or domes, rrring on pillars, likeour great Elijah Pogram, when he is borne trium-
and n,,ne abor.e 20 feet in height. The ,liai ,re gener- phantly through the masses if the ,t- ,..*] Iwasat
ally smeared with red paint, a token that they have re- alosstosind.- eiatl ilila display. ,ijit.,t ,ii.- id of tie

cently been worshiped. There were multitudes of concourse, I came upon a mianficent elephant, (rh.-
beggars, some of whom asked for alms in tie. name of largest I ever saw,) when I ,teciJed that these must be
Vi-.ii, and othersin the nameof Allah,the latter being the attendants of the Rai.hi ,f r' ,'j.r--1i TLe whole
.Mahometani. In one streetive pus-.] a h,'e :.t-her n, was explained, howci,.-r, b" the a i. : ii'-.- of two
the piercing shrieks of afifeanti tie drc.,.il ci.t:: of i..,il]h,: and sean.- a'tr.n.n1.1, t n, r. rg a wild
a drum announced at. i.'.ra- festival, and not far off ,1. I 1 ,ha. bi'en ou n .i:-e:'0'ri I..- 'r.1 'Ii crowd
to women, seated infront of a door, howled ininces- ofnativeE, with bamboos, u.'-ere tLhe "ti,.Jri ho are
sant lamentation for a corpse within: Destruction and employed inItn'ii. in'Leuail .it do_', tit sweep i,.: i'iI.'
Ri.-pidct,.n. both the attributes of the god Siva, in andstartthe *-,r. irr,tne tir i-,_rts. One wfr!,- eo.'n-
whosename a beggar at thit 'very instant demanded tiemen, I afterward learned, was'one of the most noted
charityt. r ,'r in the courtrT, and bad just recovered from

being dreadfully "cheawed up" by apanther, an accident
which has lamed 'aim for life. He had suffered fever, lock-
jaw, paralyt* a-,d partialmortiflcation, yet outlived them
all, to the ame azazi ret of everybody and the dismay of
the tigers,
At the mouth of a wide bay formed by the hills is the town
of Budjrungurh, which, according to an itinerary of the
road, is the residence of one of Scindiah's pundits; so
that, if I have not yet had the satisfaction of beholding a
learned Pundit, I have at least seen his habitation. The
town is perched on a tongue of land which shoots out
from the hills, dropping into a precipice of naked rod
rock on three sides. With its totterming walls, and the
tail. parabolic domes of a cluster of temples on the plain
ibeluw .it made a striking picture in passing. There was
now but one more stage to Goonah, and after passing
the shoulder of the hill beyond Budjrungurh, I saw in
the distance the goal for which I had been so ardently
longing. Its thatched houses, half hidden in groves of
tamarind and date-palm, beckoned to me across a broad
plain of wheat and poppies, which basked in the warm
light of the descending sun. In half anhour I dismount-
ed in the bazaar, having traveled 185 miles in less than
24 hours.
The traveler's bungalow was occupied by'an invalided
officer, who had charge of keeping the post-stations in
order. There was a spare room, which I at once appro-
priated, and throwing myself upon the bare charpoy, fell
asleep. I was aroused by a native, whom I took to be
th, khidmudgar of the bungadi.w, and who delivered him-
self of several uniiiteUligiIs' seIteuces. I thereupon
tuent to the, officer's room, and] aith an ap,-l,.,7 t lur-my
iutruri, liesn .,7,d him to interpret flr me -;Whr."
raid the ,:aptain, ho rayr i-u hare ,nly Itn utrdr what
O vtu like fior dwmer-beefsteak, mutton chops, sherry,
-iandy (r beer." Hero is truly a mo-.jel bungalow, I Will you tll uitm," I asked, r... et meethe
- b, F *,inn., r he cann, rtd a bottle of beer, am s8060 as pos-
"sible?" "The dinner is ready," said the servant; which
means that you will getit in three hours, and in just thtr.
time it was brought to me. Butthe next dua I disco -
er-d. aceidentDially, that the man Ihad taken for thekhid-'
inudgar was the captain's owu servant, and that w,.-rthy
officer had sintpl) traulated his own hospitatito me saire
to me!
Ani Englisb Lieutenant, who was encamped in the
village with a company of sepoys, came up and spent
the evening with me. He was born in India, and I was
the second American he had ever seen. He invited me
stri'Ily to sti-p the next'evening at Meeana, where he
proposed, to encamp, and promised to prepare refresh-
ments for me., He moved away early in the morning,
andas I could not stop at Meeana, I saw him .no more.
The mail-cart came along the next day about 2 P. M.,
and as Ihad spent all the mornirz in deep, I felt r.ady
to undertake the latter half of the journey. When I
called thetrue khidmudgar, in oi' dr t,,1,ty hin my
meals, he declared that I owed him notbin'., for every.
thingliadbeen sent to me by the "'c,,prain sahib I
then went to the latter, explained my mistake and apol-
ogized for my apparent rudeness, for any other course
was out of the question. "Pshaw!" said the Captain,
bluntly: don't say a word. As longas I live in the bun-
galow, travelers, are of cur'e miy i-ll,-n is "
My hi. tt,-over, natu,.d ri e;.,aiuata fi'ihtfn.l na]la.
in which the mail-cart was upset a few days before, anl
the driver's thigh broken. Night eame on before wi'e
rea>hie-d the 'icatitn. Iiut th,.:h we 'rostieei a number otf
deep nullas, I could not discover the scene of the aoc-i-
il.:nt Rohb-er& are plerhtif'i in this pirt olf the o-untry,
and ever, the m.iU-rurt was h. pludl.t-ed lior lon'g ince.
A.I the reviou between Indore aind ASrat, wa.I on .- not'd
rn ben'mg the principal liatL(nt ofth.- Thius.'.or Strail.-rs.
Tin' 36stem is ow.vimIcmt if not wholly exrtu.-t; at lea t,
th I hugs no longer dare tI practice their horrid trade
iiup,-n Eiur.peans. This i owiO-, t,, the vigorous meas-
urt ad-iot._ I, y the Government, which has now taken
up the task <'f uri|, rin=g;U in Caticide, and will, it is to
be hoped, be elu.,illy .l:,'.:-s 'ul .
Notto tire ,i.h with i.ju uo, niytyjil- of my progress,
I -vill only state that about l o'..l,,eL that evening, I
reached a village called Tougra, on the banks of a small
lake, and was there obliged to halt another day, on ac-
count of the seat thence to Agra having been previously
e r'.-, d 1 r an English officer. The rest was not unwel-
c.,-tne aud the silent and attentive lihidtmudgar was a
e.~lual [ui". On leaving, I indorsed the' opinion of
ti.s Burroiilis. who wrote in the trauv,.ler'_ book that
thiv. ncs th,. uriiy b tn,.l,lo .rthy of the name. I was
pleased to see that all travelers since her time, had done
the same, for several pages were thickly studded with:
D ,it,' t,, Miss Burroughs."
At the same hour on ifi.-fillonia cv,'uing tih ai'ul-
cart came, and away we ti.l'eit, d i er r,.uIh.g Ullatds.
through wastes of jinglle, :iulJ .,,cio.z niumblerless oii"th..
Thus the chill, uro.tiil..itatil, pirtEs- atway. The
rir,;n citn showed a barren valley .Vht in by bromi hill',
covered with long grass ail ao'l. Ciiulimbi, out ,.f tLihsi
valley upon a bleak em;nen-e, I sFr like a boundless
sea before me, the great Plain of HIido-tan-that rset,
alluvial level, which extends without a btieak from Ca I-
cutta to the Indus. We now entered on a richer and
more cheerful region. The villages were embowered
in tamarind and sycamore trees, and with the exception
.ftoccrtrionail beltls ortaundf tIle 1jin wur .-11 cultivated.
We were iirried aci.,si thi.- ChummlJ,. the priji,ipal aft'-
fluent :.f" the .llima --a shallow river, ne-arlj half a mil:'
iu I,,adtlih, and fluiwing at the bottoLa .f a deep bed
which it has worn for itself in the sandy soil.
Pa'ini DBhclpire. tbe i. tileni.e ofa Rajah, and Jajow,
a picturesque old [place, with a handsome mosque and
se-il, wre rapidly appr.iah.rd A-rs I lookedforwardto
tte distant b-lt of'treies which hid the city, with the sen-
sation of a man, who, after drifting for days on a danger-
ous sea, approaches a safe harbor. At last, a snow-
bite dome stood suddenly in the horizon, and I hailed
the renowned Taj M.iia'ld, tour I knew it could be none
other. There was Agra, the City of Akbar, and I--to
borrow the words of Eothen-I had lived to see, and I
saw it. B. Tr.
i The City of Akbar.
Editorial Correspondence of The N. Y. Tribanei
AGRA, Northern India, W,:td.' ,d i;, Jan. 19, 1853.
Agra is still called by the natives AxnARAnAn--the
City of Akbar-from the renowned Emperor to whom
it ewes its origin. All its former splendor grew up un-
der his reign, and all its architectural remains, except
the Taj Mahal, date from his time. In this respect it
differs from Delhi, whieli, although till i.-alledbythe
Mohammedans Shahjeh ,a,,i. (h;'i.ui it.iah Jehan, the
grandson of Ak bar,) is more evciviill the Capital ot
the Mogul Enperors, and bhjr, it, m-inaorials ofmany
successive reigns. Yet I doubt whether their combined
feebler lights can equal the sun-like luster of Akbar's
name, and whether their city, with all its stores of his-
toric associations, can so interest and attract the travel-
er as this, the capital of thegreatest man whoeter ruled
in India. -"
The modern city is not even the shadow of the ancient
capital. That has wholly passed away, except the Fort
-a city in itself-and some ruined palaces on the bank
of the Jumna. But for nearly two miles in every direc-
tion, the mounds, remains of walls and other indications
of haifibitations are abundant. Much more was to be seen
a few years ago than at present, but as the old bricks
were itunstantly taken t., can truct n-tw 1:..jititgs, lhb""
vestiges gradually dinnalnpe.rel The population, wh..,4
once alitered more thun hslt" a million, ha" dwiunledl to, asd the native city has ltti', more to in[tr-
est the traveler than any ordinary Indian town-Indore,
for instance. There is one principal street, passing
shr,.iih its whole length to the gates of the Fort, aud
in it, i are situated the residences of the wealthier in-
habitants, which are .-tn.i-'ally of brick or red sandstone.
The verandahs rind bhanin._ balconies, with their exqui-
site Saracenic arches, (.,re,-d ornuitu-ats :,nd stone lat-
tice-work, remindoneof Cain.r- 'iLuirr. is alsoa sort
of bazaar, and duaitt, the ,lay preset.ti a very busy and i
animated scene. It is so nar ,to that two vehicles can
with difficulty pass, while all the other streets of the
city are c.n'y art;,;i:,i-'1'- by pedestrians. On the side
i-i.i n ht ntnrna rIere .rn. t-w strkin, buildings, ex-
., pt ihih ('u-teim-n!osieo' iJ'ie t]t piaa'".r' 'a rich native.
Stone ghaut, htre ar-l i. re, l.rl- l ,t.a to the holy
stream, which is now so much diminished by the dry
season that it does not occupy more than one-third of its

South of the city are the cantonments, divided into
the civil au I rmiliri:., lines, andm, up,:%,_ a space of five e
miles in length by nearly two in L.. i'im The bunga-
lows of the EnI'i:h residents are neat, ''lii.
lt.itcio.g. of one story, with steep, thatched in.,.l-. E hl
stands in its n.y, CeUI[e.,-i." or r.i.-i., so that the
C.nt.iAm-ni rr 1re'1n 1 a trutl' suburban aspect. Broadi
,..i, [as smooth and hard'as a floor, run in all direc-
t7.i'-t and offer admirable drives to the inhabitants,
Sboi.' buggies imnaybp' ,:en at adll himr, of the day, dash- I
ing back and Jrinh. A spacious square plot, planted i

cadet tumble fom tt' tall-. '..-. -laz ofveined marble,
iLto basins so curiously carved that the motion of the
', r r *,'u, ;!h' appearance offish. This babh must
once have realized all the fabled splendors of Arabian
story. The chambers of the Sultanas and the opea
courts tvaria'Di theim are filled with fountains.
'i L1 :, th e fiu;tt, is an incrustation ofaold marble,
rd ri..i .W',u'. :; vater is still its most eantiful or-
L.._ Lit-. \\'iz.iu these fairy precincts lies th, g .rden,
jti .se:rr'.n a..;;t roses and jasmine vines, intl,., midst
I .,'n .I..n' "Jh. are playing There is also a court,
t..vd v L ,qiares of black and white marble, so asto
;,irn a par/hii board. This is a game resembling

with young trees, is called the Park, andibeyond this
rises the lofty spire of the English Church. The various
public buiJ.dings-the Bank, the Post-Office, the Govern-
ment Hoaense, and others, are distinguished from the
private residences by their size, but have little preten-
sion to architectural beauty.
On entering Agra, I was taken to the traveler's bunga-
low, which stands on a waste plat Uf proVindl., ia.lioin'.g
thePark. The succeding day was s, culd, dull nul i-'miny
that I remained in-doors and rested my bshtte,?:.i Irame.
Mr. Thomason, the Governor of the Nurtn\Velstern
Provinces, to whom I had letters, was absent ar B-'nares,
but I wasmost hospitably received lIy iovr. Ml- Warren,
an American Mli-iiiiury, uinilcr u hE.,e rooil I ni now so-
journing. Und&r his idint. e, anril that uf Mr. Hutton,
,Editor of "lhl Agra Messtener, I hlieio e,,u all thbobjecte.
ofinterest in th" ,ity and i-cinty, etrdept the Taj Mahal,.
which. ais thb, croxn nofi i ntv ei0ser-,d lor the last.
The Fort. which c.,ttinr'I th. ,Jjcc if Akbur, and the ;
celebrated Mote'- Musjeed ,.' l'1-'..'l Mosque, i3 one or
te rainde-tA srructire!jrt'sj fe lkiind in dlha. i isabout
a uiilde and n halft in ,iP.tit. an.l its Stati-ly milhrasaured
battllhmeuts of red Aidtone d ie seorenty feet in higher.
Nochint. cen h.- mi .- inmpjio-: tan the view i this in-m-
menie maks; lf ueasoury. risiuni h -iabore the tluildings
tif rhe modern .it'y. and almost ov.-rtopping the d(omes or
the Juminiria Xuiie:,l, which ti U wirLhout iti gates. Itsa
-ap.:.arair-.', nev.-rtheleis, is Vy ,V:iCi'-prtiVe wilth regard
to it strength, i.,r ithe taliJs. !'upreomiable as theoy look, .
are m-re ih .lU. and iwui.ilrl ot .tafd a Einkoi dri)'s can-
nonading. .... .
I I Before ent,-rinc the Fort, I visared the Jumma Hus-
jeed. Thu front lf the mosque riesi the gate,
a broad, enel.,.:-d seuiare, whichL is rnow used as a arket-
place, intervening between. The mosq-ue stands on a
lofty platform, which is reached by a spaciuns flight of
steps. In India all places of wc.i!hip, exeept the inner
shries-the holy of holies-are open to the conquerors,
who walk in, booted and spurred, where the Hindoo and
Moslem put theih shoes from off their feet. I should
willingly have complied with this form, as I did in other
Mahomme4an countries, but was t,.Id that. it was now
never expected of a European, and would be. in fact. a
depreciation of his dignity. The Jumma Miusij'ld is a
melanchi.Iy iliureie ofr"uin." The walls Twh;li inclose
the iore court ar. tihibling'adown, and the inlail irinscrip-
tions whi.h surroundthe laiade n., f lallina our, |iico by
piece. The body oi'f the mosqti,, i, ,dirided inru a cen-t*
tral and two smaller' side-halls, each of which opens
upon the con t-yard bya lofty, arebo.d portal, and is saur-
mounted by a swelling oriental ldurne, uof currrasponding
proportions. India being east of Mecca, the mosque'*
ot'r coarse occupies the westeraside of the court, and aai
each of the adjacent cirniers rises a lofty and graceful
minaret This is tiheplan upon which all Indianmosques,
are built, and they vary in architectural beauty, accord-
ing as the portals, the domes andu minarets approach a
true at ri t ic pro portion .
t' ,,lni,. by a ,iawloidge3 over the deewp rint which
surrounds the Fort, we passed through a massive gate-
way and up a paved ascentto the inner entrance, which
shows considerable taste. It e..jnibts of two octagonal
towers, of red sandstone, inlaid with ornamental design
in white marl,le. Tb, Iaiiae. i. ,twen them wi ejvered
ibv two,vhibch .-e--m to ntee from aevrotiims of pris-
maric statuelitts. as in th? duomes of thh' Moorish Alham-
Ira. Ihiselegarit p:itid, however, instead of opening
upon the cvurti.I- of [iaceL. ush'rs you into th.- waste of
barren muunds, ,.,vered with withered ,rass. But over
the blUank rtd wails in front, r.ou se three marble domes,
glitterIan, in the suishirie tikLe niew-tfalen sniw, and still
further. the golden piualete ofl A'bhar's palace. arid these
objects hint thatyi:,r ,Jreanm of tt, nma1ifict-ence of the
Great Mogul will not .be entirely di pelled.
But first let U iii the mod.-rn Arsenal, which was
once the dirrean, or Ju-..rnmenr.-,ct of' Akbar. It was .
formerly an open portlc'ii, or/oa'r., the roof' resting oa'
three rows of pillars, which were connected by Saracenice
arches; but at present, the outer row of arches being
failed up. it *forms a.spacious h l], divided into three
aisles. A:rll tli, w.-upona ofa .<..i-n warfare, with here
and tbi re a crooked aeinmtiir :r battle-ax'c of' ancient
times. are rar,[,:1d around thie pillars and bh.teen the
arches ia thi sa mmjni,.nical ..r.tipings to in-
struments ot'death At the inr.',,etious of tbe central
archl:'s inm tri;.,!ored banneim o-t red, i.luei and yellow
xi th te nrn'e o the British vi,_tmr in InIdla inscribej
upon il ii-niuEa-iiih and S.iunBe it The great curiosity,
however, is the celet.ratel garr,s of Somu.iitli,. which ,
were carried off by that stern i',.,nolast, Sultan Mah-
mocd of Ghnliie'. Somnautb w .i a holy Brahminical
city':ii thr?- i.. fi ,. (..'.j<-rb' U n'| ualtd at thar ii,? fotbr
theeajith and tuf iicnr'c'e,,of it;i Itis related.
of ,Iaihmoi,,d, that. afur.r havrir, train the city and coam-
meced di-euoli'litun th idoll, tli,: Brahminis offered him
imnare smsia it'hie would spare t"he deity of their great
temple. Mulinmrod was only tempted for an instant.
"Tiuth,"' e said, "is better than col."' and raising his
iron maceI, e' sm,.r, the id..,Ir, hiih, as it split, poured :
from its hollow body a store of gold and jewels far ex-
ceeding what the Brahmins had offered him.1 +This inci-
dent has afforded subject for poetry to REckert, the Ger,.
man, and Lowell, the American poet. .
The gates were taken by Mahmoud to his capital
of Ghuzuee', where they remained untl the re.'ent inva-
sion of AdNghaNbuistan by the Eingih, vien thalt fantastic
individual. Lord Elicunburougli. bur- them off to Agra.
They are about hielre feet high, elaborately carved and
inlaid, and said to he 'composed ertir-ly of
On one of the p .ul., three m-tal hosses ar.r, nailed.
AteIrding to tra'ition.they w. re taken from Mihmood'is
sblirld. In the crnter ,.f the hall is the throne whence
Ahbari proneunrid judgment, :fcer the eases had been
discussed in his presence. It is a pavilion of white
marble, inlaid with jasper and cornelian, in the form of
flowers, ornamental scrolls and sentences from the
Koran.. Below it is an immense slab of white marble,
onvhii(h he iil aesu6iitom.:-d to seat himself.
Beyond the arsenal, and in that part of the Fort over-
looking the Jumna, is the ni'iur.ih'hs palace, still in a
tolerable state of preservation. Without a ground plan,
it would be difficult to describe in detail its many courts,
its separate masses of building and detached pavilions-
which combine to form a labyrinth, so full of dazzling
architectural effects, that it is almost impossible to keep
the clue. On entering the outer courts, I was at once.
reminded of the Alhambra. Here were the same ele-
gant Moorish arches, with their tapering abutments of
open filigree work resting on slender double shafts-a
style as light, airy and beautiful that it seems fit only for ,
a laloa'e (if fairien. Altar's palace is far more cornm-
]i.ti- than the Alhamlra Yo part has been utterly de-
E.tro.ed, onl th.e mai s of injury by Time and Battle,
areecomparatirely slight. Here a cannon-ball thaa burst
it' v.av through tuc marble screen of the Sultan's pa- ,
rui.n":; tbere uIn inlaid blossom of cornelian, withleaves
of blood stone, has been wantonly dug out of its marble
bed; the fountains are dry, the polished tank in the
"Bath of Mirrors," is empty, the halls are untenanted-
but this is all. No chamber, no window or stair-case is
njaitiC. and we are able to repeople the palace with the
household of the great Emperor, and to trace out the
daily routine of his duties and pleasures.
The uibht ru'ti,.,n" of the palace are of red sandstone,
but nearly the wh.,le of its clrridir. chambers aadpa..
vilions are of white marble, wrought with the most ex-
quisite elaboration of ornament. The pavilions over-
hanging the river are inlaid, within and without, in the
rich style of Florentine mosaic. They are precious
caskets of marble, etiterng all over with jasper, agate.
iotn,..ljt, j bld ,t.n,'e and lapis-lazuli, and topped with
,uldi'n domes Balustrades ,f marble, wr,.iagh in open
putt,.rnc uof rcuti rith d,'-Bi'un itat they resemble fringes
of a, e -hen seen fr,,m hrl,,w, extend along the e'dge or
th,- battlements. 'The Jamnria niihes thu walls, .eventy
feet below, and from the balcnnie'rttached to Iti,-e :cina.,
or riman'" a['artmnrpts, there are beautiful vi.*wi, of the
carde.nt and pam.-q'rotie on the opposite bank, and that
v.wtdL'rof India, the T.j. shining like a palace ofivorl
and crystal, about a mile d.,a'n the stream.
The most curious part of the palace is the Sleesk Ma-
sal, (Palace of Gllass.) which is an oriental bath, the
chambers an] pa,- aM',. ahereotf are adorned with thon-
sands of siijalt imrri','s ,IiJp,, d in the most intricate
design. Iti h. ,it. Ij'-.lJ in a ,road sheet into the mar-
ble pool, over brilliant lamps, and tt,: t'ounta;n, :,re all
ao constructed as to I., l]h-!t',I Ir .'.ithiin. imnic ians-


bacligamuin. but. instead of iumry pieces, it was played
an nbts ,:>>!isal board I.y Akbar and lia wives, or eu-
mnuchs, with girls, who trotted from square to square,
as the moves were made.
On an open terrace in front of the Diwdn e'KXaz,
where Akbar sat on great occasions, is his throne, a
slab of l.lck marble, about six feet square-. It is tracked
entire-ly th, ough, which my old guide accounted o)r bi
Saying tI ,'t when tbe M:hrattai. t,,ok Agra. the R-,:ah of
BhurtpOre Hated Liim'r-li' un the throne. uherrupi',i it
not only cracked from Iid4to side. but blr'od guqhe.l ou,
of its tup. in two places. When Lord Ellreaboroanh a-a
Goi emriir-Generalof Injlia, he ali, sat upon it, cauins
itto shri blood a secid time. There aretwo red stains
on its surface, which sutficientlyatt,.st thrle miracles to
all good Mlussulmans. Oppuoite the thron- isa smaller
one of uhite marble, where, if traditin may be relied
on, the Emperor's fool, orjester, took his placeand bur-
lesaqued bis marter.
Before leavingthe Fort. Visited the Motee Musjeed,
or Pearl Mosque, as it is poetically and justly termed.
It is, in truth, the pearl ot all mobsqu.s;, oIf small dimen-
S lons, but absolute ptrifi-ct in Etyle and proportions.
It is lifted on a lofty sandstone platform, and from with-
out nothing can be seen but its three domes of white
marble and gilded spires. In all distant views of the
Fort thece domes are seen, like silvery bubbles which
have rested a moment on its walls, and which the next
breeze will sweep awa). Ascending a lung flight of
steps, a heavy door was opened for me, and I stood in
the court-yard of the unique. Here, nothing was to be
seen but the quadrangle of white marble, with the
mosque on its western side, and the pure blue of the
sky overhead. The three domes crown a deep corridor,
open toward the court, and divided into three aisles by
a triple row of the most exquisitely proportioned Sara-
cenic arches. The Motee Musjeed can be compared
to no other edifice that I have ever seen. To my eye it
is absolutely perfect. While its architecture is the
purest Saracenic, which some suppose cannot exist with-
out ornament, it has the severe simplicity of Doric art.
It has, in fact, nothing which can properly be termed
ornament. It is a sanctuary so pure and stainless, re-
vealing so exalted a spirit of worship that I felt hum-
bled, as a Christian, to think that our nobler religion has
never inspired its architects to surpass this temple to
Ood and Mahomet.
After visiting the palace, Mr. Warren accompanied
me to the tomb of Akbar, at Secandra. about six rmildes
from Agra. Secundra takes its name from Alexander,
whose invasion of India has thus been commemorated by
the Meguls. The great Macedonian. however, did not
penetrate so far as this, his battle with Porns having
been fought on the Jhelvtn, or Hydaspes, beyond Lahore.
The road to Secundra is studded with tombs, and there
are many remains ot palaces ou the bank ofthe Jumna.
The tomb of Akbar stands in the midst of a large square
garden, which has a lofty gateway of red sandstone in
the center of each of its sides. From these four gate-
ways, v hieh are upward of seventy feet high, four grand
causeways of hewn stone converge to the central plat-
form, on which the mausoleum stands. The interme-
diate spaces are filled with orange, mango, banana, palm
and peepul trees. In the center of the causeways are
immense tanks and fountains. The platform ol solid
stone which terminates these magnificent approaches is
about four hundred feet square. The mausoleum, which
is square, measures more than three hundred feet on a
side, and rises in five terraces, in a pyramidal form, to
the hight of one hundred feet. Around each of the ter-
races rims an arched gallery, surmounted by a rowofcu-
polas, resting on circles of small pillars. The material
of the edifice is red sandstone, except the upper story,
which is of white marble.
A long, descending passage leads from the main en-
trance to a vaulted hall in the center of the structure.
Light is admitted through a few small openings in the
dome, barely sufficient to show you a plain tomb, in the
form of a sarcophagus, with a wreath of fresh roses ly-
ing upon it. Beneath it is the dust of Akbar, one ofthe
greatest men who ever wielded a scepter ; the fourth
descendant in a direct line from Tamerlane, the grand-
son of Baber, the Conqueror, and the grandfather of
Shah Jehan; in him culminated the wisdom, the power
and the glory of that illustrious line. I doubt if the an-
DaJs of any family that irer reigned can furnish six suc-
cessire monarcbs comparable, in the greartness of their
endowments and splendor uf their rule, to Baber, ,Hu-
mayoon, Akbar, Jehan-Sbhir, 6hah Jehan and Aurung-
On the summit of the mausoleum, which is open to
the sky, and surrounded by screens of marble, wrought
into patterns of marvelous richness and variety, stands
a second tomb, under a pavilion of marble, coreredwith
agilded dome. This is exquisitely sculptured, containing
the ninety-nine names of God, in raised Arabic charac-
ters, infolded in elaborate scroll-work. At each corner
of the utipper terrace are two marble turrets, the domes
of which are covered with gilded and emblazoned tiles.
The screens of marble filigree around the sides are ar-
ranged in panels, no two of which present the same de-
sign. There are small openings, at intervals, through
which I looked out. (on the level country watered by the
Jumma-Gellow, sandy tracts near the river, but receding
into green wheat-fields and dark mango-groves. Agra
S wias almost hidden from sight by the trees, but above
them rose the spires oftwo Christian churches, the red
battlements of the Fort, and farther off the dome of the
Taj, a silvery disc, like the gibbons moon. just hanging
on the horizon. A warmth and sunny silence, like that
of Egypt, hung over the landscape. What I had seenof
the splendor of the MoNguls, and what I then saw, over-
powered me like a magnificent dream.
We in America hear so little of these things, and even
the accounts we get from English travelers are generally
Zo confused and unsatisfactory, that you must pardon me,
if, in attempting the description, I lose myself in details.
I thought the Alcazar of Seville and the Alhambra of
Granada had already presented me with the purest types
of Saracenic architecture, but I was mistaken. I find
here, in India, conceptions of Art far nobler and embodi-
-. ments far more successful. There is a Saracenie, as dis.
tinctly as there is a Greek and a Gothic school of Art-
not the inferior, hut the equal of these.
At Secundra, the tomb of Akbar's Christian wife, the
Begum Madiam, who is believed to have been a Portu-
guese woman-has been taken by the Church Mission,
Which has converted it into a printing establishment. It
is the largest office of the kind in India, giving employ-
ment to about 300) men, most of whom are natives.
Printing is carried on in English, Hindee, Urdoo, Sans-
crit and Persian. There is a type-l'oundry connected
with it, in which the casting is done entirely by natives.
The wages paid in these establishments vary from $1 50
to $4 per month. Many of the laborers are Christians,
there being a native Christian community of about 501)
persons attached to the Secundra Mission. Most of
S these, however, are persons picked up during the great
famine of 1837, when ihousandasof children, having been
deserted by their parents, were taken by the Mission-
aries and educated in the Christian faith. During that
year the Missions prospered exeeedincly. The Presby-
terian Mission, at the head of which is Mr. Warren,
have just established seminaries of education for both
sexes, where instruction is furnished at a rate which al-
lows the poorest of the European and half-caste popula-
tion to send their children. Native scholars are of course
admitted, but are obliged to share in the religious in-
's struntion of the European children. These schools are
under the charge of Rev. Mr. Fullerton and his wife.
Whether Minsions in general repay the vast pecuniary
expense and sacrifice of life and talent which they ex-
act, is a question concerning which I havestrong doubts;
but that they have accomplished good in India, and that
{_; tbeir ministers are conscientious, zealous and laborioas
men, I am well satisfied.
-, Mr. Warren also took me to visit the Aima Jail, in
which a new and interesting experiment is now being
tested. The jail here is a sort of general penitentiary,
whither prisoners are sent from all parts of the north-
western provinces. The number at present incarcerated
is about 2,8(0. The jail incloses a space of about 4i)
adres, wherein are numbers of small buildings and man-
mfafctories, as the prisoners are all required to labor
,about 8 hours a day. Dr. Walker, the Superintendent,
who formerly had charge of the jail at Mynpoorie, in-
trednced a system of prison education which was so suc-
cessful that when he was promoted to the management
of the great central jail at this place, he determined to
continueit. Up to the present time, eighteen months
since the introduction of the system, its effect on the
moral character of the prisoners has been strongly
marked. At first Dr. Walker experienced great dliii-

culty, :the prisoners suspecting that some mysterious
S Christian doctrine lay covert in the multiplication-table
and the spelling-book ; but the Dr.'s perseverance so
wrought upon them that all of those employed at labor
within the jail (7001) being kept upon the roads, in fet-
tered gangs) are willing scholars.
P r. W=Ar wIM ki enough to coquct me thogh,

the jail, and put the prisoners through their exercises.
It was a most remarkable spectaclP. Here were hun-
dieds of men seated attheir looms, weaving carpets, sing-
in ILhe ialtipliheation table in thundering chorus.
" TlTnlre ua,,Is ttrelre," sine the monitor, in a shrill solo:
"One hundred and forti-four !" burst out the chorus,
in anl sorts of vTui.-.-. We went into the blacLk-miths'
shops, where the prisoners, by a refinement of punish-
ment, were made to forge their own fetters, themselves
fettered. Seven limes sixteen,' sa.o' the saulo, as he
raised his hammer. One Iiumdrfd and tdvev," was
roared in answer, drowingi the clang and bang of the
iron. In the women's departm-,nt there w-as a shrill
t,-mr.pect .)f vulcr fral.tionr. the cooks recited astronom-
1 al facts tile mixingtt eir rice. Even the hardest
cases, confined in solitary cells, were goinit through their
"a-b abs," iLroigh a hole in the dour. to a m,,nitor
standing outvide.- The murderers, confined for life (of
whom there are several hundred), are not exempted, but
go through the numerals while they work at paper-
mual.;ing. I brought away a sheet of paper, made entirely
L.) thrc: %%nrtches, and will present it to King Bomba,
w whenever be is ready to write his abdication.
There is a monthly examination of the prisoners, and
they who can read a short stery, and repeat the multipli-
cation table of r bole numbers and fractions up to 16x16,
t.1jxi5 and xtiAA, are entitled to a visit from
their friends, a bathe in the Jumna, if Hindoos,
and a visit to the Taj, if Moslems. The more
advanced scholars are obliged to pass in writing,
the facts of astronomy, simple and compound in-
terest, &c. There is great emulation among the pris-
oners, and their progress is very rapid. As one result of
the system, in their moral improvement, it will be
enough to state that in 1851, before it was introduced,
the number of punishmndts administered for offenses
committed within the jail, was 162; in 18ii2, since its
introduction, the number so punished, was 18. It is not
much to the credit of the Guvernmeut that it only al-
lows the miserable eum of five rupees ($-2 50) a month,
in support of so important an experiment.
I have run this letter to a great length, and there is
much still unsaid. To-morrow I shall make an excursion
to the ruins of Zullepore-Likree, in company with Mr.
Sherer, one of the Secretaries of the Government.
3B. T.

A Lo0ng Jonrney-Fsite of a Turkish Rebel-Retreat
of an Exile-The Plunder of EHnlisb and American
Trayeler$. ... "
Crrealondence of The N.Y. Tribune.
RAY MAY OGLOU, (Asia Minor,) March 1, 1M85;
I have failed, to keep my word to the readers of The
Tribune, by writing during my journey through AsiaMi-
nor.Syria and Palestine; but I really founditimpossible;
and all I could do, after each long and wearying day's ride
through wind and snowy hilis and forests, or through
sand and the scorching blast of the Remain, over dry
plains and stony roads, was to write down a few notes
just to fix my recollections, and to prevent forgetfulness
from getting the better of them. Little by little I left
offl' writing to my friends, my relatives, my brothers and
sisters. By degrees I began also toleave off thinking of
them, or of any thing save of the weariness of the past
day, andof the suflering awaiting me on the morrow.
Suchisthe -ffoct of a protracted and irksome journey
among strangers, speaking a language quite unknown to
you, living in an atmosphere quite different from that in
which you and yours have been used to move and breathe;
through a barren and depopulated country; through mud-
dy, silent and gloomy towns, with unpleasant compan-
ions, the prospect of danger, and doubt as to the end of
the expedition. Now that I have entered what I consider
a comparative haven, I look back to my wanderings
with a clear recollection of all their incidents, and it will
be arelieftofind that I have gathered during my pe-
nance, information enough to make it worth suifering.
SMy journey hasbeen a long one, and through countries
but seldom visited by foreign' travelers. Starting from
the very northern extremity of Asia Minor, not far from
the Black Sea, I have visited ancient Galatia, Bithynia,
Cappadociaand Cilicia as far as Tarsus; thence entering
Syria, I coasted the Syrian sea through Alexandretta,
Antiochia, Latakia. Tortosa, Tripoli, Beyrouth, Seida
(the ancient Sidon.) Sur (the ancient Tyre,) and St.
JohnofAcre. Thence suddenly turniin tothe '- lft. iIand
leaving the sea ride, I skirte'-d the foot of Mount Carmil,
crossed the hills of Galilee, reached Nazareth, saw Si-
chem and Naplouse (the ancient Samaria,) and finally en-
tered the saer-d walls of Jerusalem. This was my
course in going. In returning I went as fair as Nazareth
again by th same road, except that I visited Sebaste;
then instead opf turning to the west and the sea, .I fol-
lowed northern route, saw Tiberiad and its burning lake,
admiredthe beautiful summits upon which is perched the
holy town of Safed, went through that tract of' desert
stretching from the Beni Jacob, one of the Jordan's
springs, to Damascus, to seek a few days' rest in that
queenlike city, where my few days were protracted into
mnths. From Damascus I went to Baalbec; from
Baalbee to Hermon, the cedars of Lebanon. Hems. Nouca
and Aleppo, then reversing the extensive plains inhabited
by the Tnrcomans, and around the foot of the
Djaour Daghda. I reachedAlexandretta, aand t hence ti h '
Taurus. There I changed myroad oncemore,andin-
stead of going through Cappadocia, I kept to the north-
west, and spenttwelve daysin crossing the chains of the
Taurus and Anti-Taurus, and getting to Koniah,
the ancient capital of Karamania. From Koniab I en-
tered Galatia, but from a different side. Angora
I now left on the right, and traversing the Kurdish
territory, crossed the Kurdish mountains which from the
Black Sea extend as far as Bagdad. We halted at the
small town of Bagleadur on the north side of those
mountains, and from these to my home was only a three
hours' ride.
As I have already said it was a painful journey,
full ofimaginary dangers and oftoo real suffering Ilhadto
go through the Turcomanplains, the Kurdish mountains,
the robber population of the Djaour Daghda, the haunts
of the Druses and the Metualis, and the much dreaded
regions of the Arabs, the Bedouins, the Ausarj, and th-
From my farm to Angora, the ancient Aneyro, to
whose inhabitants St. Paul directed one of his most el-
oquent and reproachful epistles,* I had to cross a tract
ofland not long ago the theater of a civil war, whose
principal leader was closely connected with my present
abode. The farm that I occupy belonged previously to
Must Bey, one of those, who raised the standard of re-
bellion against the late Sultan. His father was Gov-
ernor of the whole country stretching from Angora to
Bole on one side, and to Castan Bolo and Tchannara on
the other. Dissatisfied with the delegated authority he
was likelyto inherit from his father, Musta Bey gather.
ed together an army, chiefly composed of cavalry, made
alliance with a cousin of his, possessing much influence
and a large formne in the neighbornii province, and in-
ducing his father to refuse to pay the tribute to his
sovereign, began to fortify the principal towns of his
father's territory, and to plunder the surrounding coun-
try. Soldiers and Pachas were sent from Constantinople
against the adventurous youth and his adherents, but
Pachas and soldiers were shamefully defeated. Sev-
eral years of constant good fortune so much increased
the authority of Musta Bey and his cousin, that they
made treaties of alliance with all the rebels who
at that period desolated the Ottoman Empire. The
Pacha of 8codania being besieged in his residence by
the Sultan's troops, the two Asiatic Beys marched
to his rescue, passing with some of their troops through
Constantinople itself. The indignation of the Sultan rose
to its climax, and the annihilation of the insolent rebel
was determined on. Infantry and cavalry had failed, but ar-
tillery was still to be tried, and Derd Bey's fortifications
were not cannon-proof. For many days Musta Bey and
his adherents opposed wonderful feats of personal cour-
age to the thundering of cannon, fusees and rockets.
Wall fell after wall, the town waslittle better than a heap
of ruins, and a last attack was hourly expected. t was
at that critical moment that several friends interfered.
Must Bey's father was related either byblood orfriend-
ship to the whole 'set of Pachas. Some of those ac-
tuarly in favor offered to the defeated chiefS th9 Sultan's
pardon, and even important offices n the Ottoman army.
Musta Bey had no other chance of escape, and with that
readiness of submission so peculiarly charteristic ot the
Orientals he sauntered out of his tumble-down gates, and
surrendered himself calmly, and without any affectation
either of courage or of confidence, to the commander-in-

chief of the Imperial forces.
He was taken to Constantinople, complimented by the
Ministers and courtiers upon his happy restoration to
the banner of his sovereign; he was also admitted into
the Imperial presence, offered his Majesty's pardon,
lodged in a magnificent palace belonging to the Sultan,
and there entertained according to the dictates of the
1V Tt totug t AUM*

of old age. When I go to Tcherkess he is my host, and
would be greatly offended should I knock at any other
door. His house consists of a winter room, a summer
room, and a back room for sons, servants and minor
guests. The first visit I paid him I surmised from the
narrowness of his quarters that I should be sent into the
Ua, 4 cruel pewc@ wj me vpa c=not go; ei tioi.

most princely hospitality. Nine moo,'hs he lived thus
at Constanrin,:ple, half a prisoner and altf a guest, ca-
ressed, entertained, and flattered. Did anything happen
to change of a sudden the Imperialdisposition ? Nothing
of the sort appeared, at least; but one morosing at the
close of the ninth month after his capture, while he was
reclining on his sofa, smoking his chibouk and drinking
coffee, he was informed that a messenger from the Sub.
lime Porte was in waiting. On being introduced, the
messenger presented a sealed letter to the Bey, and
stood motionless and silent while it was perused, having
previously ascertained that four of his men were stand-
in in tinhe next room. The letter contained the sentence
of de-Ath upon the Bey. I will nottell you whether he
felt despair or indignation, whether he tried to resist or
to escape. I am not wTiring a novel. A company of
regular soldiers were trationedil in the street, befiire- tie
palace; and even if ho had succeeded in efllicting
an escape from the house, where could he go to find
a secure asylum against tin- sovrreign power? Nobody
would have dared to give him s,-ultrr or refreshments.
He yielded to necessity and, submitted to his fate, as
many others had done before him; not that the Mussul.
man superstitiouly. considers that everything is previously
written, where there is no page for errata, but because
the texture of Turkish political society is so fine, so cob-
weblike in its intricacies, that the idea of escaping from
its decrees is akin to madness: it is an idea that every
well educated person has been taught from his childhood
not to entertain.
The death of Musta Bey vias an "very-day occurrence
at that period in the Capital of the Ottoman Empire.
Few knew it-still fewer felt any interest in the event;
and the habit of gossipping being quite unknown on the
eastern shore ofthe AEgean Sea,verylittle was said about
it, and it was soon forgotten. Nor was the Sultan's an-
ger satisfied with the offender's death. His lands and
other properties were confiscated; his y.,ungest brothers,
sisters, wives and children dragged t Lu'onstantinople and
there delivered to bondage in the households of favored
Pachas. The old father alone escaped this hard lot, the
revengeful sovereign seeming to consider the total ruii
of his family a sufficient punishment for offences byhim
uncommitted. The old man acknowledged the Sultan's
forbearance by refraining ffom all outward show of grief
and from all importunity; he continued to reside in the
palace belonging to his office; he ]ersevered in his alle-
giance to his sovereign, and went on with the usual rou-
tine of his duties; his intimate friends and the persons
of his harem more than once saw large tears rolling down
his furrowed cheeks and his white beard; but these rare
explosions of sorrow were kept secret, and death at last
found the bereaved father surrounded with honours and
The fate of the.youngest members of Musta Bey's
family remained unchanged till after Sultan Mahmoud's
death and the accession of his son and successor, Abdul
Medjid. The liresent Sultan is no g.'thiim, no politician.
noreformer, but he iss simply the uost kind-hearted and
justice-loving soul that eve.r expanded itself in the im-
pure atmosphere of the Mussulman's law. He has
formed no plan tbfor the futureamendmientofhissiabjecrs'
morals, nor for the improvement of their wrerihed con-
dition; but he never heard of anybody's safferini with-
out wishing to put an end to it. and the kind wisi is not
easily forgotten. The name of Musts Bey was perhaps,
pronounced before him; Iperhaps some ineldent recalled
the gloomy history to his memory. Let the cause be
what God would, the fact is, that soon after the death of
his father Abdul Medjid inquired about the dead Bey's
family. He was apprised of their maisfortijuea; ths'i
misfortunes now came to a close. Liberty was reist,.red
to them, and as liberty alone does not atlfurd saiflicient
food for Eastern grandees, a portion of th, Inads posea-sed
by their ancestors was cirea with it The- principal wife
of Muinsta Bey, a beautiful, intelligent, sell'willeid woman.
married the eldest ut' the surviving brothers of her latm
husband. His mother went to live with another of her
sons; each of the brothers tuWk his separate ahbdi in the
little villaeL to which l.elong.ed his part or ih laoded in-
heritance, where they quietly subsidr.d into Anatolian
country gemltemien,-poor substitutes for the successors
of a Der- Bey.
A single piece ,,f property, comprising a green little
valley, watered by a mnindie river, and shut up on every
eide by bushby hills and woody mountains, rn.-nimainedundi-
vided, and c,.nieqit -ntlY al.aa,.ined. Thait valley, with
itsre riicr, ir mi.i tu,t m ijd :t tti I Iir- hi,.,l.. f fr.,i
the brothers of Muslta Bey, and here in the
now quite: scene of so'usiU ranud srrife. I have
sought refuge from the consequences of the catastrophe
of l:-_4, and the heart.te-idin., sprotacloe which meetsthe
eye in Europe. .-
On my de-prarture for Jerusalem I was accompanied
during niy tirst day's journey by the youngest brother of
Mustsa Bey, a handsome man, much resembling, they
say, his unfortunatebrother; a true Osmanli beau,with a
dark complexion, immense black eyes, a straight but
short nose, full but well modeled lips, rather a round
lace, amd a sz.od fiure though inclining to obesity.
Though far 1rium rich', he role a beautiful Kurdish mare,
wore large picturesquely folded green turban, (to bear
testimony to the purity of his blood,) and a rich Arab
cloak, called Machdac, of a fine woolen texture, worked
with silver and gold, was thrown about his shoulders.
Thus accoutered, he formed a striking type of those
Eastern chiefs, that are said to have disappeared because
they are no longer to be seen at Constantinople, where
the hybrid costume invented by Sultan Mabmoud, has
superseded the loose robe, and the swelling turban.
As we were riding along, the young Bey showed me the
villages, the fields, the hills, and the plain where so many
battles had been won and lost. First we passed near
the present residence of another brother of Musta Bey,
the small village of Verandcheir, whose name is a his-
torical witness of the late events, since Verandcheir sig-
nifies in Turkish a ruined town. But for this name you
never could imagine that so poor a hamlet had been only
a few years before a flourishing place. Turning to the
left we reached the little town of Bayeadur, situated
upon the same gentle river which waters my property,
and only some hundred yards distant from the once lofty
residence of the cousin and ally of Musta Bey, whose fate
happily was less cruel. His capital was, however,
not treated so leniently. A fine stone bridge, the min-
aret of a ruined mosque, and the tottering walls of an
old barrack, are the only remnants of the captured city.
The rising village of Bayeadur is built with the scattered
stone which belonged to its predecessor.
Here I took kindly farewell of my Turkish friend, and
left behind me the range of mountains which surround
in its shady valley my Turkish farm, and the roof that I
call mine in this far land, amongthese ten-fold strangers.
Nor was it without an inward pang that I bade adieu to
that much-loved spot, where the echo of the world's
conflicts arrives sosoftened thatyou might mistake it for
a peaceful whisper. There I had found silence and rest,
when driven fron mynative andfrom my adopted country,
when I hardly knew a spot in Europe where I could set
my foot without danger both for myself and for those
who might welcome me. There I had found hospitality,
protection and assistance; there I had some poor friends,
poor and obscure indeed, but who greeted me withkindly
smiles, and grieved at my departure. Was it not wicked
to turn my back on these lastrgifts of Providence, and to
go borth again into the unknownthe strinae' world I Such
were the voices that spake in my heart, while my uncon-
scious Arab steed hurried me over the wide plain lead-
ing to Tcherkess, the ancient Anrinp~ilis. Mamny. I sup-
pose, are the travelers who, on the eve of departure have
received such inward warnings; but few, perhaps none,
ever attend to them. How should we abandon our own
well-contrived plans, turn from our traveling compan-
ions, give back our letters of introduction, inform our
friends of our change of mind, because our hearts choose
to hear and echo some vain foreboding of distant evil'?
No; we have gone forth and must continue. The road
before us is open, easy, tempting; but the bare thought
of retracing our steps fills us with disgust and fatigue, let
it be as long and dangerous to go on as the returns short
and safe.
And so I silenced the faithful monitor. I looked on
before me, and tried to cheer myself with pleasant anti-
cipations of the journey's incidents. At Tcherkess I was
received by the old Mufti, the type of the Eastern pa-
triarch, surrounded by wives, babies, grown-up sons and
daughters, concubines, black and white slaves of both
sexes, friends and clients. TheMulti of Tcherkess is one
of the most respected, the most clever and exemplary
men of AsiaMinor. Though nearly a century oldhe is still
healthy and strong, his complexion rosy and Smooth, his
eye sparkling and soft, his teeth perfect, and the slight
bend of his tall figure rather the effect of habit than

uhb re lorthirtyceeritIme th forrv -t ro ounc
mer, and a little more than one franc the lat
phces the travellers haltinginthevery heal
for. -ts, are all.-wei-d to help themselves to
the least compensation. Otherprovinces a
off for fuel and sell it dear enough, that i
franc and a half for what will load a horse.
From all this it clearly appears that ex
piasters a day for the hire of the horses,t
has very little to spend. With forty or fif
tee wu t ILO e s ae tofbeo tw noo Cr

tier. Inmany lpeasAmg to the eye as to the nund.
At of immense
wood without A Census of Woreeshe aows the whole number of in-
is t say one h Io% e conusf do, s4 not include the inmates of the State
Sto gay, one l, i La", .1to c.rintyjail or the several seminaries. Ifthe

iwt rM added, the polilauonwould be increasedttou< rttw"<
dopt the 225 of 21,000.
the dragoman Vi e State Tax of Ohiofor theocurrent year .is to beFor
ly piasters at Public Debt, 2 n flB; Current Expenses, 1 mI ; 8sools,
AV" WrFt sl w ouu OR 4 t uw.4g gt 1-19 a


tomed to the constant disorderly noise
women's apartments. But the good old n
saw my dismay, and on being asked b
about the room destined for me, he turn
face toward me and said: "I shall not q
"my harem among children, black slaves,
"and other such thin]ge, but I will go the
" leave my own room to you." And during 1n
subsequent visits I have always enjoyed
No person unacquainted with the deta
life can value at its real price my old friend
For a European gentleman to relinquish
female visitor is nothing but an every di
not worth the smallest praise. The gentle
another room, he puts up a bed in his dre
in the library, spends the day in his stud
room, and Evi3 thin; cut-, uu as smothly
der bhd ecroksed the threshhold of his dooi
q;itf arilthr atfllir. I appropriated to my
rl's ,-om, atid he went to sleep in the hat
amy tLirin [Ishould have topay thousand
for having been the occasion of such a r,-
morning, however, I took a different view
Visitors came, and were obliged to pay their
court-yard or upon the staircase, because
dressed. Later i'l the day the members
came also, and were received much as th
tors, because I was taking my siesta. I
the principal members of the clergy came
thanksgivings to Allah in the Mufi's prese
fain to make their prostrations out of
in the habit of retiring soon after nightfall,
only were the good Mufti's habits of life en
but the whole town and its most distingu
sufferedfrom my intrusion in his household
Once enlightened as to the consequence
his quarte-rs, I sbhouild very willingly, at B
have relinquished the privilege thus con
and retired to the dreary harem. But I
understood that any arrangement, inconveni
be to the hole world, is more likely to affr
a guest, and you will find it impossib
upon an Eastern host to alter the least thin
poor Mufti would rather have slept in thefoi
in his court-yard than allow me to vacate
Though I have passed more than one 6
kess, I never gathered courage enough to g
ruins, or,.to speak more correctly, those o:
Without taking the trouble of looking, I
should have seen, had I submitted to it-so
stones, the confused remnants ofmany dis
ny edifices, of id;'-rra, t times and peoples.
when you go in search of ruins, you know
to meet your curious eye. But in the East
on ruins, and it requires the best skill of a
titumy to rreoenize then and to assignto
its proper place, origin a di ae? Ihaveno
afnd thus getting or rthe.iiius..c 1wstteofmy
Oasty, I usually abstain from risitingspots,w
tempting they maibti be fr every tourist o
rate pretensions, are for me devoid of all inf
opolis was very likely built by some Ronm
perhaps by that old Lovelace whom history
along with Cleopatra. Whynot? Andwh
Before going further, let me tell you som
truths concerning the real and the suppi
provitiunli andlodings in the East. Englan
ca produce' nine tenths o' the Eastern t
English as we-ll as Amniericans betng reckon
nme-n in ithe world, the coras'eiueacc is that
sold to them at twenty times its worth. T
arrangements are made deserves particular
An English or American gentleman, elti
accompanied by his family, wishes to i
through Syria and Egypt-Asia Minor bela
why, seldom visited. He is staying at Per
ionable hotel of Giuseppina and her sc(
some other place quite as dear and as ele
directly favored with a dozen dragomans
dozen he is allowed to make his choice.
shut his eyes and accept the first comer,
them being just as bad as the other. The d
gins by drawing a formidable picture of the
inmeonvenience, the cost of such a journey u
himself, concluding with a solemn vow to
,.d l'n-uiu r thim-i all s:, s T..t lJ; master or
rnet suitir in tlth lead * e-r Iron, i Datmu
ro'tL..r, ,r fatigue. He will take care o
rri.'- i" l- w.ardii, -uides, ld-ii, og rfoo
and uen, servns an, ;.....,.--. r.
be very nmcderatt-. Ever.ttiig comrariaed
to two guineas a day for each master, and
and a half for each servant. The English
traveler, accustomed to post or railroad tr
ders how a journey in these barbarous coun
so cheap. He willingly allows his faithful
cal dragoman 800 piasters a month for hi
begins ,the preparations according to hi
He must buy two or three.tents, an adequa
folding beds, tbolding chairs and tables, ma
lows, counterpanes, carpets, saddles, saddle
furs, a patent kitchen carried in a box, a
comprising plates, dishes, knives, forks an
things, coffee things, wine, spirits, a store o
tee, ea, pickles, preserved fish, preserved
served fruits, cheese, salted meat, hams, t
sages, potatoes, jelly, candles, and so forth
chest c.ntaiiuc magnesia, sulphate of q
water, Dovec's po'd,r. emetics, absynthe,
otherinstruments of minor importance, son
a provision of oil, and a great quantity of
candlesticks and so forth. Indeed I should
I were to mention allthenecessaries which
advises his employer not to forget. All t;
some of the eatables excepted, are usually
other travelers just returning from the pla
green one is going, the returning traveler
bought them from another who had gone t
before him, so that from their first seller
purchaser, they have passed through some
and accomplished asih many times thejourne
But the gentleman about starting has no
and gives for every one of these worn-out ar
much as his dragoman chooses to tax him.
of caprice with no rule to it-I have seen t
fectly identical in size, material, color, an
sold at the same place within the same
for 350 piastres and the other for 2,000.
The tourist mounts his hired, horse; h
has. one) sits in her Chatvan, and thedragon
keeping his promise, takes all the trouble a
pense upon himself. The pocket money of
is never required except for backshish and
ciful purchases which ought to compose ti
every decent returning Eastern traveler.
I told you that the dragoman only exacts
a head for the masters, and one and a hal
vants. Now, suppose a party consisting oft
one European servant and two natives, (
one for the administration of the coffee a
whole expense is not far from one thousa
day. Let us see what he really spends,
sensible traveler would spend if deliver
seppina's temptations, and released front
man's bondage. Suppose he hires fifteen h
number for six persons, but as we have see
heavy luggage. Each horse is hired at th
piasters a day for the cheapest, and fifteen
Their food is paid for by the owner of the
makes two hundred and twenty-five plaster
if the travelers sleep under tents th
to pay for their lodgings. As for food,
visions are not sufficient, and they never
after spending a great deal of money i
tunals enough to feedt a regiment during
have to buy everything quite as much a
laid in nothing, they must be contented
ables to be found in the country. These
rice, fowls, eggs, bread, and sometimes a
whole Ottoman empire bread costs ten Fr
Q. cents) for the Turkish measure weigl
ounces. In Asia Minor you pay twenty
cents) for a fowl, and the double in Syria;
err' vari,, very much accord ine ,, province
hnt th-ey n,.ier e'Sced siz ceotitmne a-piece
generally h, n tu entyand Iorty cfntimes
Oinlj,-'-e; a tcjt hitm sixti.-tn to twenty-iou
fo-r.t to mnetuin milk anil honey, mnhic.h ar

and dirt of the is that in cities the expense is more doiltadeaA. AThere
__iessedor aeldi
my s or re ld to .procureoand dainties to furnish, but dur-
b- 0i servant b
y s in e stay in towns the hire of the horse,. is eus-
ed his stuilrng ended, or at least reduced to halfprice. Mostgabuneral-

quate yoliens.' ealy, 'i~i however, r peouirlfr te~ine uo -
arther you* in ly, however, arrangements are madowith muleteersnt om
okitchense 0110 t own e othenext, and such being the case, n othha
are myself and isto be spent for horses during the traveler's stayltr
ny stay and my towns. I mustnot forget to ad that nothing is bought
the same priv- 1,- Iill, unfortunate victims of dragomanship at its real
price ; still the fact is, that not one of these victims em-
ails of Eastern a t-,in lni, e l ast suspicion on his dragonand's account;
id's politeness, eachlt IiP hinmsOlfpeouliilyfr uuateAhavins..... Mr
his room to a fr hi6 p: irate benefit the most faithful, intelligentac-
ay occurrence, tive man in the Turkish empire; and it always amuses
man retires to and strikes me as curious specimen of human binad-
essing-room or i ess, to readn in every printed narrative of a journey in
ly or drawing- the East, at least one chapter dedicated to a Guiseppe,
as if no intru- a Giovanni, or an Antonino, in which the candid traveller
r. Here it is ixpatiates upon ten ivalualoe worth of the man. Morer
myself the Muf than ie' the chnpler temicnate-, with a sentimental
arem, without potmch to thesairid (;uiio ppe or Antoniap.,insoethisng
d of aporos ts hiktl is tlv:a wiLthec fr wt ords, tated froma

mual. thsnot adtrqoss Te st th drgmn from dai
0TIrl ovrex grateful heart, reach ande cheat he l e honq est disman, who,
iw of the case. uring so m any months, acted toward me and mine
ir visit in the like a guardian angel, in rescuing us from impending
I was not yet dangers, and procuringfor us all the comforts of civil-
o of the Divan 11ized life!"
he earlier visi- Such beingthe case, you can easily imagine that noth-
an the evening ing is done or even proposed without taking the advice
ito offer their of the faithful man. The rich traveler has entered Da-
rce, and were mascus and desires to buy some yataghans, swords or
doors. I am pistols; his lady wishes for satin and brocades, pearls
and thus not and turquoises. They consult the dragoman. The drag-
tirely overset, oman answers that he will make inquiries, discover the
shed citizens finest articles andh most discreet merchants, and that his
Sosurping masters ought anot to move a step till he tells them to do
es of Tusurpi deit. That very day, the dragoman hastens to well known
oy next visit, merchants; informs them of the impending visit of a
ceded to me. rich foreign family, and stipulates as to the price he
et it once be shall exact for each article, and the share that will heal-
nient as it may lotted to him out of the plunder. The same is done
ird comfort to with the doctor and with the a potheeary, in case de
Il to prevail travelers are unwell. The dragoman is sent with the
g'in it.- My money to pay them both, and tels them: You must
untain *ayi charge so much fur your visit or your medicines; in or-
his seurope, ldinary cases you charge only one half the sum; let us di-
lay at Tcher- vide the surplus; and thepact is faithfully kept. Know
go and visit its of a doctor, know of an apothecary, who rebelled.
f Antinopolis. against such roguery ; but they soon discovered that no
knew what I rich travelers now came near them, but took themselves
me scattered and their money to the Arab charlatans, who give ad-
asters, of ma- vice in their shops in the Bazaar, and they re-.
SIn Europe, lucitantly submitted to the dragoman's t ranny and ras-
what is likely e cality.
;, rains lie up- Be assured that every draomian, attached to an Engl
afirst-rate an- lish or American family during a journey y in the East
each stratum saves at least eight hundred pilasters a day, not comprids-
o such ability, ing his wages. I know of )no who after every ,xpodi-
r want of curi- tion used to buy a piece ofproperty worth eighty thousand
rhich, however masters. In eight or ten years he became one of the
if even mode- ric hest Effedis of the country.
.terest. Antin- And now to close this very tedious but very useful
nan Antonius, chapter, let me ealeulate the real expense of a journey
ry remembers in the East. First of all, I would always recommend a
at is it to us? traveler to use horses of his own, at least for riding; to
ie very useful carry his baggae let him hire mules at the rate of ten,
osed prices of twelve or even fifteen piasters each. A good horse, one
id and Ameri- of the many breeds of which I shall speak later, costs
tourists; and between one and two thousand piasters at Constanti-
ed the richest nople, but everywhere else in the Turkish Empire it
everything is not reach the price of a thousand pissrers (211)
he way these francs). I have seen and bought very excellent horses
r mention, for four hundred plasters, and found them active, good,
her single or strong, full of life and docility to the last. Horses eat
make a tour nothing here but straw and barley, and to feed one
[g, I knownot abundantly you need never give more than tAelve sous
a at the.fash- of France a day; that is theV r-ry utmost, u[t usuaiily a
ccessor, or at horse costs from six to eight sous a day I haL e alr,.-aly
gant. He is stated the prices of eatables, and I must also stuma- the
3, from which recompense expected by rich Turkish country gentle-
But let him men o(r peasants a hen you happen to sleeping their hou-
everyone of sea. Five piasters ol'farl.shiih will saripty the most san-
iragoman be- guine in his expectations. To conclude, I have traveled
dangers, the during eleven months with seventeen horses of my own,
attended by five of a muleteer, and with a suite of fifteen persons,
contend with and when I have spent more than a hundred plasters a
masters shall day, I was robbed and knew it, though I always
baid roais, submitted to it out of my love for peace and quietness.
4 everything. MAlly and many ire thIe days when I spent only sitty
od fur beasts piaiti r. and neither be-ast nor men suffered fromu want.
.- i. 1 -n' x A-' F n fiJi~3rnan
or American Correspondence of The N.Y. -Tribune. -
aveling, won- ST. PAUL, Minneaota, Wednesday, May25, 1855.
tries can be As things looknow at St.Paul, Gov. Stevensisjusmt the
and economi- mnan to leadthe expedition nch Govi-ernwment has 'i v-n
is wages, and to his charge. Alarge part oftho corpt are already ou
s dictates.- the ground and busy. P.W. Lander, A. W. Lenkihm,
te number of with Mr. Adams as assistant, all civil engineers, find
attrasses, il- plenty of work, anticipating the arrival of the Governor,
ebags, cloaks exploring the country from the upper Mississippito Lake
table service Superior. Mr. Lander, the chief civil engineer, reports
A spoons, tea no difficulty in finding a good crossing of the Mississippi
f sugar, cof- a short distance above Sank Rapids, not 100 miles norm
oysters, pre- of St. Paul.
tongues, sans- One thing is certain, that advantage can never be taken
I, a medicine of the navigable waters of the St. Louis river, which
uinine, soda empties into Lake Superior at western end. Last
lancet, and year, on the 15th of June the Algonquin, a small sail
ae lamps and vessel, made an effort from theLake to reach the settle-
wx candles meant, which it about 20 miles up the river, and was pre-
never finish if vented by the ice. Now the Lake itself opens in 4the
the dragoman early part of May, if not the last of April, therefore it
iese objects I would be a great mistake to think of making the Falls of
bought from the St. Louis the initialpoint, so long as the Road can be
ce where the carried to the Lake without any impediment.
r having also This will be one of the most glorious schemes ever
nd returned opened up in America. The fact is now settled that the
r to their last Road will meet no obstructions from Lake Superior to
dozen hands the Coteau des Prairies, 200 miles. This plateau once
yin question reached, the open, smooth prairiesweepsoff Ir tjundmrdil
idea of that; of miles toward the base of the Rocky Mountains.
tidcles, just as The glory of the scheme certainly is but little or not
It is an affair fairly understood by the great world abroad. A water
wo tents per- navigation extends from the outlet of Lake Erie till
id everything within one hundred miles of where I now write-over
24 hours, one 1,500 miles-for the largest steamers.
At the foot of Lake Superior the Puget Sound Bail-
is lady (if he road may come in, bearirin to the East (to New-vYrk,)
man faithfully 11" t',as and coffees, and 'tlis ot China and the Islands.
and all the ex- A branch Road of rti miles will connect the Great
f the traveler Lake with the navigable waters of the Mississippi, 2.000
for those fan- miles above its mouth. Take these items into consider-
he luggage of nation, and no American but must r.jiie.v that the Ovr-
ernmemin- ita iaaken active steps to test the f-asibibty of
9 two guineas curnructinn a in coianectionri with this immense
f for the ser- nater cormrijunicriatio-n, to ink LtLu.iter the two great
hree masters, oceans |,) a th-rulattr,- across the Continent.
one cook, and t',emor "r3* t*arn, u,,-n will doubtless discourse iro-
mmd vipes fthe foadll aihout tie smerilny of the country so tr n,rmh,
mndpites, a and that the Road will not change the climate nor make
and what a the land productive. Tell such that they kn,.- noihlung
ed from Gin- whatever of the country, or of ntq isothcrimni linat. .Gid
n the dgo- never made a more fruit ful an-t i].:l,:iiuh lnd trhan oth',e
orses, a great psirtris If Minnesota through which the line must run.
a he carries a The summer is as warm anmd the winter not so severe as
a price of ten in N(w.York State.
ufbr the best. f;,vr. Ste'ievs as said ii. be ar,.nmlara,-O-aleadl mae, and
horses. This Bo far the work shows fir itseIf. Il in m-n. ba.'.ge. and
a a day. Now, about 150 mules have already arrived, and work has
ey have not been going on for over a week. How he has managed so
if their pro- to expedite his afiaire is a problem.
r are, so that The shipments of merchandise and emigramon to St.
n buying vie- Paul this spring have been enormous; so rhat many ot
month, they our merchants, who purchased even m the winter, have
g if they lhad not yet received their supplies. The Governor has
with the eat- crowded them off and hurried effects along. It is not
eatables are easy to define how much the people of the West admire
goat. In the such a character. Ten years is a life-time here, and
eaich centimes twenty, time out of memory.
iencgfent-mew The organiiation of the epedition is as follow:s
li n g fo r t y t w o ^ g ^^ p t e r a d t t o M m t
centimes (4 Cry. Stens com mad: 0e. rber theec
the price of 5qh .,cher r ,z LthA rompnr.a
isndcaon I.ea,-5D E" r -~ \"t~4o[ Ih~irl.e'LDVier:Bord z e--Dr.
e. Rice costs 'tka : A,, iVIaJt- -- Am5,i T.v.srare"-J. Lambert;
I thp tA-if-two --t. tj'.*s.a-s.-'- .ee s- tLui--'t,,itcOs~c
sopiaetery. I haremalteaysen some of tao Armtis' work, andcan
re fold every- r:mise he public wnen Uir. Stfienms's Rrpurt is made
es forthefor- n and Diven to the world, there will be something'

-- - -- - -- -

ASHES-ThLe macat i. er 3 -m f-or Pors, ti%-Lh o, EO.:d m n 'u I r ,idt er Oe td7 Gi U.-.tern ......... ........ .. n 1,
'l4 75 and Pewi l at4i5t 25. Iu n t., .- Ti,-. J ,Lmino od on'-u ..... P.,: I ,
Cu'ITON--'Ibehem kai m orlthr stapi) e, a -,'i-d.,l. S,-.-:', i-i-n irtrt irr.'T,1., Jmnra Lin s d ,Ia S nr.. =;_ ..... d t .
300 h I Ct,.iittn- inn Shrf.[.r. lint-.J-. "iu L, nold Soc- t,[ ... 01,r .
LC ,ttRR AN D M EAL- Th de f o \,t.'i tr- i i ai. n .!ai re F lo r I LE. r-D-TIrh r' o i -in. q ii- drli n OT-na i[ fora
Snore a ericed. io- l oh n11a8 La to ,ti rn,,hr mt-he In.n r.,ed,. of1" -- n-h ', i. r iIm .B
uad OkGL Tt';, mrlna't-n-mode.ite,owu,r Lo the in brLt .,-it ,ae JI.ONtR i I.saeno ; eEI p l,.n acras-ne. Ilai 1 ti, ns ttonmh Pi,
ET c C if DOtl Rat-n-,tor. Tho icbpt Dnr .. .deDd Ii les r.:i,.r bt,[ 5r h-Ce ,e an, ,-6< h-'. 52? 00* rtj in0 n',u Os'.s l ir
I.I"F d, ah2 15 J.rRrwita BvP "3P S I.& q :,,Sl+
Lbrrem-e mere domus foc ohe Eot acJlnh ,ai u e EWbEnt,-ir eride TI P A--u i i tr e6nTt.-i Roaoemsd B lr-.- ti, 6E.'t5 S.. Sn-e l ..
atE Wiihmott ,hage, andBare, aial In Caodian thfbi.-. i- "lirti, ,. i A r l-'-. Anur-m -o nr-d B r, 6 F;'- ; Ent.nn Itiiti-d -F
ut to h mmi-ku n uc-t mh en oln ot h hle -at a 4 3St ,. n-iu, i t-5,r '_rO :-'P d.i, Ci32 L. iZ c ; HuB,-p Eoir h a-b Ain A ricrn .
.l. Ibr. Ctnal ntue 5,6( 2.b %-&[oat SA leitI 'i .atsjt43 j,,-.' ,,iTic r ,'J?-o:" ".-
flSirt; Hli-4 7l for m.ised to t,jn, y ..n.I ,.a, r.'.1t,6L! at. -h t ie uaneLtL oe e# ,dcaS elc4is,,Wj 4. .- ep '. .
SX plateE mnleIt li BSJock T.2 iT.,

V"HE CROPS NEAR NIEW-YORK. conr noa., ., .. to bin o uth soernii Ir i-; junl i i,.
tci.a n u onSttfo Ss-sn--rThe het'n, t-rnd sa'-r 11t ~i'1-frnr
The acerctilt olthePlate of LhfCropg. g mneralh a -- C ,, -', ', i,- o ir'e, ,lc r.' ' ;: -'
Jersey hil fair n for Ia bountiful harvest. In So% r ,Ihl ui- n t. ,"- i .. I b i 1i7,-.Mur 1 ,ti s IraI .-n1 ,_--1.- 1
--erset, Hun-. 15 314 Tdlomrnr-d r-t 'ui- vi i-iT-,d uii n. t:r
terdc.n,. rni l i,r, i r C rti.. and thpirv ir in ,,, .,a I rre r .- .,- ,r i. .--:. ,;h 1
alt iO s C.f fruitfutne'-i arem ost fl tl.-ri 1 a F -7Ii".' I I ...r I -- .t .-.. r' ",t ,[ ,
Cor'n camtteUP a-i.-, r rr-d n' 0 fr i '. :1-7 U.d 37
well, and continuestopromilsevery fakuo Ia. t i'5.' I ,r ,r--o t'-- _, a;aoron-
bave been attacked by the cut worm," i merely lo- t..-h .--d. 1r'.'t.- i-t ie-t in E 'i-1-'. m-l .. rii, ,-rrd. ,n.
al, there are ac indications of arlbth. b eng done "l :n unoru icmiinand L'-Is.pim rei.
. .. "e~ f ,rdamage being done "'-. act.o- rn .or-w n l" huh ~~t, x.' i '-"f.r
,yit. The Ot crop will yield f,1, daae (" b 3 P ni- l3.1.-to.r.Bl t'i-s-iopt Ri,-a'tir-. Stesc.if '2-,oabi b jo-rIt
eut. then'm t It uundansly,kthi P rt'nsist-.'i..l.. 1e.,or R,vu-r tOrua rn..r...doll tin ta"ast -
Very ne, the colorrich, and th.r V rfI- Ci. t-rul-7. 44.140c ,'or Pcnnstivanua. and Vi& t;c. fir ,,t..-l
r l ., ids h-fr 'e Sa n,.,. heallnby t axd.n Wet-ist t,'ait. BnurlLt r-i. u,- plenty. Sales of700
look was prrc.mimrR 0 '. early i-inngi, althim.l.h itii ,rFL,' t.ore .r..n, =r.,ie ., i-" Caro in moai p i,] ni ithe de-
som wi i by t r Isr.- i ,_ .-,E ],r e'. .r,- d ir. I-.r,'s Barp E 4.I r. of3 1:. 0 jl.ll00
omewbal iin.rd by Ihefr 1.,isUof-winter; ithas since Sif- a i_-h 5i '. Fer. r ',ictriin.kf rI'" ', .s,:lTri 'l i- i ist
feTed mc.h frr,mthebulr -butno further injury happens .1m do t,- .Iail- cir Ct'.'- i-nv -I!ci,,'.t i ,. ,ii tYel-
enttt t f Y P t..c-r,r.d ,TC7",i"r f.,r '.nil".'rn P',low -i- ri,.' [ie.- 'ira .i-1at
o it, than at present, yielwUllbe fuillynpto theave- ti hi'- t if' i.,-,I. Cr'.iujina P requ ni;tar7 .l4,- ,ubt,.
A yle j j. -J .-L r n l e ,L -h.j .... ........... .....t 1 r," -iI i.
nge ofthe past ten years. Rye is ina most flourishing % ,- -t-., C.nrtcf-h-it...... .............I.:
vx' do (,-,r r-i . I : .zI ...................... ... 1 1. & 1' 1., 1
condition, and will .rpasS the average of former years. I ccI,.-. r, .i.rr. Witn'.i ............................. i' i i
We have seen 9 V~ .'natb.Ii- W hbit....................................I j1 51 2t
l-haveseenh ge ,cnim.un ustalkI ei-lit feet four inches in a l.t-,, ,';en................................ 1: I 21
__' \X-hns. lI,-l,',.-c- c',%,I............................. is -in I 1 O
lbeight, from' i fi-m o--fn-tlr (V Shr.m-nk, Jr. Eisq Clover. v.-heat HMiirim lr"ir.r............................. l 1 l I
il, B1omerf Countly. Ur Sdl,-:n tk ba fifteen acres ot'Tie lenet %.'%veer litd-......................... ......... I I' I ;,
Bi e i. -c.r t -i rr.......................................... o| p -
asmesort, 'Grass isflso abundant, and willaffordan im- Cni. .r,-ii ir...............................- 6l- -II H
manaUite iarop thisseason. Potatoes have started well, and c.. r, srtirern.tI. ',ot".e............ ................- i' -- '-i:A
t r~~~C rn,, ,, VT, d. ior ."...... ...... .................. -- ''- :.
Oi't- Ixery fair; there are no indications of disease. Fruit rorn. tund Y ,......................... .... ,;- 3i -
Cant Roict.d il,X'ii.... ... .. ... I'.I- n-I
,''k& ]finds, apples, pears, plums, peaches, cherries, &o., C-or,. '.Ve ir '". .,1............................... 3 '- ,
................ ....................................-_ f -
-As ageneriil thing, look very fine, and an excellent cssop Con\*'.. WellY:"^. Ie.........:*..'.:."..'.*.'.:.'.."....'.. - ^ :i
ay beabfcl'ty prmietd--p.atil. s. in particular, arei'Afine o:,r1t !it"Bi .anu.t................................ -- .7
erdfr, and thi snrS-.ri'n yi-eld wll. it is thoughtlsurpassthat (iaS. I.'...'*r.......... ......... -- t7 -- .
(O i, rao lc,dr.................................
of'.reviouc, i ears for a longperiod. OtCaNe. Jerrey.......... ........................... I r- 45
An abundrnt lsirvelit is confidently looked for by 4he C1'., P'ey-nli- a ... ............................ 41 -
O [ S,- h,,n ........ ....... ........................ ml V = -- I)

-rmers. fnd ithe forwardn- so of the oropswould seem to p-.m. Black Eei. i2 bish) I......................... 5 -
I}iucis Conndaimo a [Is 1...................... ,
ftlly wltrraul them in Ibheir sanguine hopes. an,s-1 biL.......... ..........................I t '-T ~ I-,
The cropsi Kinigs and Qutenas Counties., L.I., itisre- I%%-qSFIY-Themst.nareti.- t 'firmit ard itho drA'nucd l. I-l.
S aics r, f J~n btie at 23c f,,r Ohl,'2, f |or Jers~v. ari d ,.frpriles,
marked by the farmers, have never been so good through- rile -.:iei ;r-W. Dntilt mis.ady. Saiesor st-4hbir ar :i-,inm.P.
nout for tee aL 1 st or 20 years as the present, especially PR(I1SiON C---Tb., I[s s c-ca, sin Pu,. and p no-.
rbsnurd--the sepprto ib lare Sinlei" ni hli-losat .?15"i 1 8 17 f f,-i
grass, grain ani potatoes. On the farm of Mr. Furman, Wi't-,.rrl At, s. (7 far Clear, .It for Soor b sq. 610 ir .ii Prm.
n the Newtoworoad, about two miles from Williams- aid.iai6136113 '.:n, -rr Ery i i tthfOl" ., t'r'- nIar c,-rrjn
erlcrk licncreiltlac s. a~ i- lrt- tti~oaat 157 lfor C.-iotr-r Al..,,
Ibrgh, are sme of the finest crops probably to be sen on fnilti ,11135i f5.S RIp)Fo rc'iikd C co tctic L] t.' e... nnd il -I
Long sland; the grass is very heavy and so far advanced na llt' I'amot Erlf piurra" m ;".i, ,t, c.i-s'" 2: ,l r't-
i ,rr rT IP ;:(I E r" El -- m f a r ~ rd. frar, "1 ',l A,-, i], ; ,A
4iat a drouth would do but little injury; the potatoes were i t 11', ,,i ero r .,, d %1r f:r P,.r-m ,, (-,r ,. i.,r,, .pit.-rt. ,i.]
S ,e i. rill uai. n .-, i' I c d I" M u r"6' l t nI n i I" la..'ii.].. 'ur-Ifr
forward as they ever have bee-n f.r miny ynir- at the -.''o |ir Cam. flca-o .ifr[.t t,-ac.-ra'7i.t.' r-,t,
ist of June. Oats, rys alid winter wheat are also among iu h r t lre L.r i a d u e'-om; .Ici:
of I III i; nt-i eaat:5'joe li andon.] ho-n 1a r I,. t-c -oin. int
M.e beat crops. Mcsr of the winter wheat and rye is three and her,- rh.tht- lti'-r. S.,:t OI.---..i Irl;. .n," ,i.rati il...
or four feet high and heal-d out. Chcrrii K art abundant, --c,'" 'i-. it c.:.0c'- uanri ndce. Checwe,- t.ilait-a' f o-
and rt- pLenry.
and there wMll alI beaat I.!stt an aviier ige quality ofpears, R .e -tt-Atki.Q ('ootry ....... ..................... 1-
peacbes and apples Betw.en Newtown and Flashing Bfi irnn.- Czotrry ................................. *-15
loBee arCIl r;.......................................11 75 'K.I12 5..
there are a number cofields of winter wheat and rye, whioh Beef. Pime', C,tr........... ... ............. .......... -
ift would seem could not be heavier or look finer at this Beef. ti- r!kn.O CI-,.CboC......................t.... 'in1 i-I'
;1M O"of the ~yei. PeeIfo Prime M.1,e..-.............................. 0t,.lI -
ea o c itiy a.Pt-c. Pru St. PI., ............................. et, cs ,1 ,l-'
'At flammersbnrgh, two miles north of Flushing, the P,.rk.Pr I 'nt- -'.......i.............. ... ...I- or ,1 '..i..
Pt-itk. Ai-nF, IW, Ftt.'m... .................... ... ..... 15 P.5 dl,1 3-
eropstire al.o very floe. We saw one field of ryevery potk. Prime., le-to-rn.................................I ,I, 'I
PorkCl,'nc" l'',-tmrc-................................ Il n5 d. l"/.
heavy and over liour fi-el six inches high. Spring wheiat ib iPaor klit.. pme. ina ti...................... 1 7-- t .7 -
not as forward as usnal in consequence of the frequent HnmP. Pikl-i ..................................... dil t--
Finon,- Ory ISaittd.............. ........................ t ,-
10n1. Sboildtr, PiciJd ... ................................ ... 1 .'- ,C
Igisli-ru tilt 11valt- ............ ~i-lr
All along the line of the Long Island Railroad for thirty P.Ef P .io.. i i ni-N................ i" l. -
miles out, the crops are also looking very fine, but, with F. cn'd ............................ ... t l '-rt
Sihe exception Of grass, winter wheat, rye and potatoes, B rtNr. h,1.............l'n ..................... ........ 1 i,'a -
I BarterN. ". r a Dounr i ... ......................... -i]s a ,
Aey are not as forward aseon the north side of the Island. Bciine, Orrnfaie Cnaury ............................. ) ,- :
Frnit has been somewbatinjured bythe frost, and proba- Brtr,,C.Cn6-- -......-.... ..........................- '-
Burrer.o.ilcr Foirl,ma n I-n:,n-lu................. ....--
MTly will notturn out as well as ordinarily. Vegetableg sf CtF,'O.C-MOiin to iir.ric r......................... ',
art? ar ft- lhn yeIHAV-Ait :.o.0d di.t ld ,t-r nhbpF.J. ; ,oakn i.I 41 h,.i, a-i, a, iJ St 'it '
Every deat.Hpn,-n are-far bett,-r than for r ny years. n, o A1bni- r ,-. Il
In WostcLehter Couty., crop art rather biakwar.l, in nHOP--The de-inand is i,noted. ln-i to,-l mao.itr-ta. salin] ,;of ie.
.rr, at Ifna e"'.
consequence of the wet we-ather, but the pr,,misfo I'1r lit- 3 TALLOIV-Tbe d:marii is f-.r, tsajis o if.f -il It. c-uji ni p-rime ator
Juarvest are very flatteringE. litbit a l-li-rsbly fav,-rable li.,- cs-b
-,rSlTthIl E-r-abrrr; ,A ,ti. .h ,rr a ii 0 t,;,; r-rnell ti: ien n,.;r ,ly io
st imm er, large yif-lds of gtam. and gr-iin would be c-rtl'n. ihr Sfi... ,' I,',,,,tt I, 'ill r. r ti.r. an i-.: t Ir.rri .-i o ,.
F ruit is as j t rather in doubt,but the best re m -arts SO S' FLtE orA druillurh.udih C CrL,. l,-t e i' ,ma t r- or,
ario~ipated, Si 25
~~~COFF'EE-T-q-h, r rn-o i Ct .ra,], 11e routo o-mli-,t t,',, I--uvn Ri-u on 'i
In Ulster Co., N. T., (we are informed by a g-ntleman i n r-Tcv mr I'nc0 oat- iicm. Wo l t
ftom that Conuryl gr-a. grain. frmt and vTcntaabl, are h SGARS rn-i ri m m,-,,tted wr, i i,, ,.. N-c'-
ra~i-to-ni Yor Itc bk- hdo. Nnw.,)rle.a, at tia Ic -.:.l hisi-ut. H-u-n. t
forward, andl better than for many years prev"yu-i Bt.,aie o 5c.
Btaten slandis' reported as in very fir coundit;iC.n, arid J1OL."E eS-Th're;qin oclr,&n; to an.- oeo 2v hhbb-Ii.Clad
Cuba at 21c, to l--Id. P Ptrr.. RvOr -on Ii,
i1 some parts well ahead. SOAP-Our mer.rkt. u ni!nch,,nrcd- ir,:itve t.:. qn'.,rtioti urid riai
Throughout the State of Connecticut l the crops %re la., bae,. L.-en rnade o,,&S b, hoe Co,sri -i t Ie.
RIC-E-A @ready mall I SaIFA,7-,- w;at lle
zitant, amind promise well. RSItCAt'- .'ihr ,od ma rlJ *:, lt.. n rnr- t r-r-e
-- FRirs-4j-e in .r.n d-rr-nird tthe 6-rr,,Fi hoxr Bane'
Crops in Other Parts of llce Conn-y. .hai,at nII" 75; : 81.ea Cinrim i r .,I--ca Bra.,i Nuii>t .-i
In middle Florda a great drOtlth prevlt. and thi. Cot"l I a ,,3 ru. F;hl,u II- A-,; r ]2rW,see5.s -do.r.2 ir.0leii-n i,
n ceroppof notyetup. Corn that was planited -!ii''. -a--t Curr.rrAp,-,Irer'.B 1ih nn npi 1 it.m. I ,'J',Dr rC.--n IN,
5-100 it' n mi- rCutrim ,-ti nit- iran trIth an crnp,: lT r-h -i ti
tarly looks fair. Man ,yofethe Southern papers are co-m t-,uc- rn ,an- -iana ,FA.'I'!i',,,ti _rr -?fl. nce.ep r t1k-i..-a
plaiaing c-f drouth in their localities. In Lanc:a-ter, Pa POTATOE?-TLhe.i mrt-it is dnl ad hbriavrv, M.-rr.r or.a C.ri tr
ewing to Ie ravages of the fly, farmers e-pect no mire er1madd 1. '. ",:. iash. 1'.hinr ,I ,hic t d-an.- fr ni p.-i o.i irurl,
'l .61 5 1,b1 The iq, ply V al'e ., ia n-reaemni:: Btr~uwiah orth Ss ,
Rhan half the usual Wheat crop. In Trenton, N.J., and Clairaietc.r.. faiin3u.
Vicinity, th, pen.eb trees look sie-ly; Srrawbt-.-res art-. OLACCO oim,.AnAa.n; i- 'u.i ,-l f- ju qc I 11 ^' .
plenty, and vegetables and thb i crops generally lootk fin, r.c,i 1i . i.i. i. ne Fi,.r.'mB unii-ni .t rliri. ut'a .
i ,n d . r 'a ................................. -"" _
affertd tr"om the fly. Around Albany, N.Y ithoi Apple, Ma -n Ci oary......................" ........... .... 5?.-
rsEs and Grain crope never looked better. Brks S'iar-ad..............................................: '- -
dS -t. .a-_ ................................................ .a,-:1 i
Co., Pa., has been severely visited by the fly; only Cu............................. .................. ......i -
t'Woar............................................... F.-
Be third of Ihe ava-egs Wheat crop expected. I, H'avora. F]Je"randrdt'taVpp:t..........................'i 2 '1 I
Brookville &ndCr Grinrmtuwn. ithe Grain crops promise ex- Fir.,-,iJ. rVLt r-ii1t................................... ,ii
eenty. In Lancstir and Elkhorn. Wis., the Fruit and C u S.i ... ..... ............... ,
sPellenthy. n r E;.d P iino S'r.d Lm-f.............................. .. --
mrain crops never appeared better. Grand River, Mich., Mounfa:rid, No L. is a i ............................:r ..
,t,. ** rAl u'.,rmt,-t,.d, mi rtdL m _,, nad o'C ................. ...... I ,- t "
scalily is in a flourisbing at, tli Croips airo ixp.-i-cd t,6 Iatr.snf rritI. so io ............................. .. i
fullycomenptothemark. In Daton, 0., tn1nity has bees sntnfc't, d, 4. ,,an ,', ..................... 1, IV II
andni-'Ei. ...l...,- - -
playing sad hvoc with the Wheat ; in blah O.d an.]l C--- Mcitar,',r.:r.j, ,T -,r m i .n t No. I .......... ....... 7- :
lh ibn., oflhe same Slate, 'Wlhi t and R. prom; l, .f- l tan a ;c- Poc Lo:a..N,...........................1 =
Jy." The Wbheiat crop in the nnihLb,.,rhoiqd of Greenville .lorla',-d, P.i.,i... ,o,.-.r......................... 'i
a ihr,nnd' irrcred. Pour1,~ ,2es....................... ......I '0.- t-]
and St.Clairyvillie, 0,h sbeeB~o cut tup bythe fly as- not M:orar.rtmodT. Lode'Twt ...c ......................... 2,1 1 --L
toleavee en-iugh I,. PAy fir harvesting. In thevicinities of OiLc--OLra kt,. ,inIr \\a.!, re',>. oI.,, L qijiitil Ecilj L.i-
S tfEdar r61 r ..r i ,ale prr.:e or-I '. il I.. '.r ,,I c itn p rn ,l
Oi ten and La P ,rt .ru L'r&,lOi u ', L.l the W h.rI t u-di Fruit E',.-u SJI- :.i .i.rin,olt.rnnr.o- iinb.iL-d! .u c 6 1 -ii ,i,...Ta.-.--
crops never ptroim;,ii b i ltr. A num t- r ,.',,'tnrllg.t-n I' ,rm. drin ,.i t c ;1 n r- 6' ','-iu rn IorrNt 1 1 '' 1 ;F-1.'"r. ',;;
rrrtunii,. ou -I ',1912 8,5 Filthor..F11 ic;-r-1ni1Aci'; I2: y.,] ~rn
er in lhbat locality aref (.f .pinion tbtt mt.or, W h llt -t[ b" at i E t l:05 R, fd, i n- ,I,-t rv s i,. I:,n t-.hl. ir ci i.icf ] r tr[-.. ..l
th n ve btn-r-. It ~Lc'r t(li -ri o Jt.]ir. In1/t-. b2 bI-it- at dih 5I'u 1" .L5 r,-, tbi
grow for acresemployed than ev orbe ,rA. In CU ,rdon, U, a r DT ',- rt, 'h Z-, -- tis ,'. f I ..
ald., the fly o JIplp thf- l! h'itp, IB ihn.i, t;.,tie Vh-rt Crniiio TaiTar et t iftje: 5' hMr-I Rtsn-,i Cimr-h'-r ,it tYe i6', ..
-^ J ." *"** * '. (bln r iueit Pc-tn~oot an ?1n'*r .t''ii..eso'iB. ala :r. 5 'iii, lIG- I-o..
-- 21u 0 it nei. nprpnjfnil!r.. Thbn farmers ,i,:.' u-I eih Pi,_n Poia h to.ti ; 2.M. CiA'"Ir.t EDchE, Bluo Vrri-lt1, 1 t:i.--;
-)""* 'I ,'- lBe8, F/oiin4r tc 4 Ift'<,~ tu ?. :d i Ar. M at p^.7' 8;f M o'r
Alton Cormtits c.mplainun uf an unst.3unlly dry s. ,:,n the -hg fPousa6tOh. 4c.D-ITa' S. -dcAlat P..P--.r.-pen, r
Il-a011s If -teeChsa8aRknlhitaat hM. Flucs, R, i-np-tao cc
weather hisa been c. thilly rits to Stunt tdi Carn very-m,: r ti E I ; 'rriicn lu -der at lo19r ; 5 cams S.,-dy Lia '.; ', O'
Thje aR ''C.utIo fron .kraeyvIIll'- aire thiat much rain iu-l eJ C'F-ia,." 6S, .-. .i ..s.
FIF~~~~~~~tp-LA- :. ~re Iart a Jd|?rT ['' t,,,. .1.",r 'TI-,m.
'w ea lher ha p rt, ta il ed iu its1 ,c i. ,t .. b utl tha m, V W hr i ,,-l BC,: ac o LEl 1"', a D r r ] t7L u i't. ., , i- LF Ii
Grasseri n,-,i re pr,-nikin; "IThnadai.t-s fr-ninm RBiln ture M1t ,i, h t ol Iti,.. .a Btrs.-B i l:.ioSNti atL.hoI.t .
Co., Mid stiaie ibthut Wh-at- and Corn are rather bh, kw ar,, FilECPIACNE --A. ..ra oimaod, aL.1 prc-ao n,[ chaic-.
swing lo wet weather. inthe wv-ilern prt o-f thu iunty Siancl.- biii'.rfBil 45,7.1S 17.
the fly haas appiar-d. The (rips in c-er own .tIte .thou..h NA$AL STORES-Tb- mi,t(ho f,.r i-,., TT,.rt,a.ii t si-I
s he piaimtin g w as ,scm -w h ta t a,,-w ing- I lo w ow et h ,b t eei nd i n. ta u t -. r. ort II-I ,i ,t t -t ,r '-l
prc,miae a good harv,'c.L. Th'- Friut cr,,pi are l,.,unr,.biijb-. si2 7 R..;, in ;pr.r, and t-iLn arl u 531l-: 4 4i
andthisBestoun'tyield till bel'ullyup with inyprvmuas orne. FrUS AND !KINS-T-Lee ia.rnid ,i qnte rli-ntld. anC eit-iare
S-_ *E-taf:allv.I-)ti ,crisa Cr-i-t.-ed umb W --i[ m,:itrh Tie *[I.,rm -.',rnand
COMMRCIAiA MATTERS. iModErale tid the roel: n- enpl.'o 1a t dm-,tci.r-ri.nir,o. ha R--.,,i'n
;CO M RItA-Li MATTERS. -,,e n:,imte< a .-"i o1-" p or :torini tatin ttirnm w:rta. In iune
f---es IIt th St uc toe Cu-co a... nr-,r-t.i r, ii ol d the 'I-i-k ir.ur tIanr ii,,t a-:.0-a. hlo
Sales at le Stoclk Bxchanoge....JcNE 8. i-nlir,,n-i.. ,~~n i th.rnai icOt Itt-i- .ii. irr-; Wi .t,. 1 .'e.i of i,,1-.
*I .SO116li Li. S 't...........*12 10PMintmor'r'r Zian. ..... Blbc kErir B 6 5 aurid Ci k N,.rnhrrnFi-rhfr tIt -rm' Musk
Is(,00O'a Cs,'tO............3 l It-i Ncarna TaDi'inoit Co...bli 1 3 Pa r ommandinoli .1,. cn d New-P ork and Caad=iu Mtrimu il 25@
s,0d0 III lot. Imp., '1 9. It d*............... t-i"'1 t Af 50alo i c-.,1r. %% ,i tia e
b itlmouis linMerest ....... 10 Ptan. Coal Coo............lIt Bann r. Ptirnv- t ..........................l..... b 1 3 - 2 --
M (lind S-.eeit Del5.a.... If GOO d.. .............. J llt-I BeC tr, Ncrth.:I:rn................................. EL 21, 2 2 0
1(Ci,(- Eno -d MorL Bds ... 1691 50 Cam. Cotal Co...........s) s l BI ( 1c rn So.Dhern...................................... 5" -
tc KriEnes C..v. Bdo., '71... '9i I5,n do ............. .... .ll Bt.-er1. I.:,.ra l ............................... 1-- -- -
,Low do............atl- 99 1Ic0 Parker.olCo C ............ > c Ottr, Nu crt y, Prim,. ............................. i -
too5 0 do............ h91J "t,0 r ', Ne -Cret k Cin.l C.: ....... 2 OCf rx. ,roit rau... ................................. 1 5,' a -
10 0 M do............... t0.. 9 i e Phirl hiaung Co ...... ,', ; Red Fo N -orticm................................... 1 i, 1 i
'060 do............t t6m YiO do ................ l3 -; Racco'o u, Souti r . .......... ............. . ....... I 16
I0'Com ontrowo alth Boio......tIo-i 2W do.................. -4 RamC(e, W i't,:r_.................................. 21 u -u
lB lsatiolosl Bank............ ............ 5.... Raroou,. PD-trit.............. ......................... uI I '-
10 Bank nm enca............115 t50 do-....... ......... i t. Mibnk. N nornr - ...................... ............ -- i I -
S SitateBB k....... .......... I r R R..........1.... ; Mink, Soulterni.................................-.. ri ,- 5i
llOe-n Ban12 k............ 1.. ili do................ P' 71 Mti n,, N;.rr.h im ................................. 1 5T-'' -
10 Am E-. Bank ........... 111 SO do................... 6ii For d-IJ. Cflpmaih:hes, Salti'd....................... r- I .,
IllH B no tr Bank............ 21 10) do................ i, '; Hbitr SI-a .... .................... ................... t- --
Kj ,.e k er-ch ker BSn na......lI" Ii 15 HB rlein R tro d -. .. ..... P Or-Lt. C 'ic, ..u .....................O............ . t- 4. -- 5',)
.l li.. .. Bank...........l. ii o .u.t...... ,R P ioat, M,,t . ............I.................. h+c Ic --' II
i2( Naric-toal Is Co........... 1.= 3, Roch. & .t RB...-...... Denri,-. u,, i ........ ....... l J I1
'SO oor iB tal Bank.........101t It' Long l aa d BAS 'o,i...... Mi D it:r, t Bar, RIci ,sd R-d........................ i i i'- 5?
35 do ............... l'. do..................... o Df r .irn O c'0.............................- o i' -]
il ont Canl ........ "" 41 d..... ..'-" LEAT I l-Tbe tar. ........o..r ,i..r... J.i p.-C......i- a-sij nunpo.i.c..
se-s do....... .......-3 adO Il 2.5 Stuon-ni~n '-o Railroad ... a-I >j1 E..Tiy tia le ri,i- 'n"c Or-i-it- it n a-ti-, dimiii o rn i-fi", ln-na ~rifl.".;k
200 do'................S- if 50- Rnuidhri B~..***. i-* I-ti ^~en atn .-jnt *loiEas. 'roe an-n-Ic, in-. not IBst.]. I lt-p Ojitrtiig at
s81 do..... i-b do... .,o l,", do....................,i t-d ,n..icd
5B'-me ine Co.............Icc Sn0 do................ tLi 1)1 Oak. tblacshri r) Ljlt................................B B 2l B *2-6
10Wili brg~ .m ........l I l~it B dios RiI. Ri ...... -'* 74 O.k, MiddJe.............................................. 22 i
4(OLa ltc.n Co ................ 2 h | 0 d".............. "pa741 Onk, B rey.......................... .................. 222 28
1C( do................I-S3 J3'1 hi do........... ..'-pg_ :r O ka.,lDrr ,dd)....................................... 212 24
518 d0.............. ti .bdl ]let N. P & N. Bat-. BR .11: C hio.............. ......... .... ................2128223
](0F'lrbtnce & Kulopo.rt...... I4l 2.JCmcurmil HM LD.RR....lli5 (., Sor.nharr, Liiht.................. ................. 20 22
C..rn, I-nip Co...........83 1;I ts N oNw.. lit e\ r RR ...... ';,i (i Ons. B. A. \'\et Silt-......................... ..... 22 24
*6 New JmneyZy Zoc.......... L,! Bemloc, Loht, R O.. & A ........................ 17111 185
.u---n --a Bnn,'..mlt Lil[r, Orunt-co, & ................. ....... 17 2 I7}
6--4O00 r o B..R. i /iiio- 12 Bem ilcc..dIdlie. 11.0 & B A!......... 17$ I-il
-,0 Bnie o'oni Ik Bondo. ul S'*I o.. N,.i-crtc'aa airoad-.... B2nin.-l-, Mi,uioic. Orion-so.t &................ 172 "Fl;
1ttflBsan. C ..................i,,r.lrtt-ic.r RB- .B............... ............ : :::::':::.:1:: 428 Il
0O N ic -ar agii T n to l tC o ...b ,r 5 .tt do .... ... r.c.- 6 0 B~i- l.erk L'-it- ii ro n 1, ,,ht-l o rrei ............. ..... 19 @ ; ,,
180 do........ ..... o. l ) 1SI. I PhlaPb rir.t iim a, C ... h -i- BOO rd AND i _',F 0! -Tct rriad- i- er-, e.'n e In tb, line, m uch
mionolrr.cea Kca e oid. -u 1I l^' do ............. h i arr-trin't. t.n lnt losr All tikDloi Boos aen.i Shota.;e advancedd
1Cisoon-'ifI h-T(~lakoad.. Ii ], d~i............ iH n-ac cot- lamt;e ne.i rtir[., cr-e 7Tolo tIpro'-t rit bi ir-i,:h of commerce
"PO do .............. i b | t' d, or.............. n.-., Tie ," Itt -tO [. se t -ire].l at as i hreomre s ue oT' t iTnporteri-.
5OCn ,nirlts d Cool Co ..... 1 ic-a di i............. i* ttIr.LMa'CitI. Ths pornt t.iw blng C c e bia.t -nt-tnri ol' tio mnadB.
"IlO do ................... h' I Buds I..,-t B.c.t Trn...... t T nir ct-.-a- n,D r mr-rc lic n- njIi noo.. bim ll
paF kch r Coi C-........ b1. 3l a'l he I................ t .. nd 7. Th .pire',rr. i c oin tr ntrle l kat'r .1 nccarw-r-. cad I-il-o r, i. o
1(-f do................. a3-l tl do ............. ,p.e 711 d ard r 'ndn.t ctd rae.-,l tend-r n.drs ct Lthepnca i T'ney c.-,il h.-
so do................ S-i_"til ] N. Int on aa P........... 1 ] till h't bi c hi. fh t if. 'r pa wTlrucaisu ttbc-km ork -trh d ,-,,lml, r d. C L,
BO do................s 3 .- I 8. Eris BR-...- ....- .......-- [,- f-aato n.rn AndtlrAli aJi.lmltd. LoouiIt-,H Bo.r-,m-an nd it .i,[I- In-tn
io do ........... ..... i, llr -.'-- d, ...n........... XI" s,7 o ,-Ii n l --r -tt. W e-i oh:':
100 dot toI1itiO do.... 'd ........... ..... t -,, l ,,k on. K p BOat........................ ...1.;.i :.1-_' 225
a do...*,*' Th k Bud K, B .............B.......I............. l --, 175
wi r)'cr DMT .Y, Jun In -p At n '.,nlt,?' rbic~k sod Kip Buoit ................. .... .... s ".' [Ivn
EnNES AY Jon.. . Th.- d Kh,p Band a ......................... ... I, l |
Thesupply of money ( nutiuuis to bo erceedin.'lv abn-n. B.. 'Thlekieod KR.o Brasnio. .................... .1.. .;, ,i,
dan, ad ohilanaS~gO row to t~ceu F-c'l ~~t YoPo~nhr "tlilk- ,na tu-ip, Pion n'.u........................3m.0- rln
d~t~, and call loaiBrang< from OI 7 cent. Furstcta~ V r,'p,'-,drrCallr..........-d.-i. 7t.-," I ru
anper 6 .-7 ent. Mm;.-f' Kip. CaLl iail E meIei Boa,'e................... tini -.
ar .t"L o N- -n- Ct-,idrens 'Klp, Call so iLna E -eJied boot................ 4,',., P
ilffarhleIS...C.CtrULLVj FO 1ED roBT-a E N. 7 Tu BOe LeJ:Etrtt Ci, '(1y m-di, GaiTir' ........................... t i' I
WrnsnEna. lou. t.ia &l.-u k-ct~e Cr made Cr-.itere ................ .......... ~ir..' rid

THT.L'DO-iE S"-DGViC K. Prr,i,dm'it.
WM \'niiETTEN- %-i .-n.Pr Hlriii,
L C !T5 h, r vk i t. tL i *. mryi-
1 ] t.tIMA.IritIN i" WANTE- ) ef of L'.%N[EL
F N NELTY. -"hn ranme w-i this crh 'rrr- I in ti,- 1'-t,' onr 01 Kc-rT,
liTl-id, a .,. [ r 1io i -F-rt c It-c-A, bb b u ntet.161oij7r KtM-o -1it .'.'nj
it,'i-r in ,i, t f ti e C l "'.'ea Dn rI- di'I-cid :., I S. (ALE r P tM L-r-
r :i--: IP,. irt, -I L I t-I rct-h 0h i-X o f,"it, t, ,w re ,,Lu. tll .c
GENTS WANTED-To cnrsoA all parts ,f rtihe
A c,-.wury rou mi.e LIDTFS' ,\iEATHan 1 PARLOjR ANNUA,-.
Sno.'. f,- ijhrne ara;'Ba cicrOtv L` -tL-t ',II Ja.i ci-." rL ciert '-tn r', -r.
' r Acco"BTd|IC',h'ibE r-i O.RTN6. 1S Ejzct-i icl T.
: At3T~f-mpI -rC -- - 9 OiaTf. Wo. 8 Fpxwost X. T.

I, '.'\. ,O RK. .iCr,lt. Ja--5, '". .
Thp '-inir,"- f.,tirrp ,' a ,'l i.-t r-,._-ut,', [lri,.- t ,.'.t[-rt [,O
you T, 'ny i n 'l,:i -m -i t t,,- r ',v nJ,. rE- ii '.Ilu.: ,,l' i
theprice ," L itl- N- L ,t-tll-, l.-' i.L- 1' '' ,'r lire
first quality : rf. -I-..i i -.'- l -.,d ,iuh ', i, h -M ,W.:L
make good beef to retail to City customers; and S I9o.
for third quality. This is about half a cent lower than last
week. Then the buyers were :'3 willing t. ,-icar nllmra
their estimate of weights, so that upcnn thb wh.',I there i
frequently a ,lTi-re:nce .tf a dollar a hundred between sales
to-day and last week.
it is not unusual for prices to give way at this season,
when new vegetables, fruits, lambs and chickens begin to
come into market.
Owners who have held on for highpti.. o. or b :r'bf in
anticipation of higher rates than have laiely pro:. ailel, will
look blank at the prospect to-day.-
The total number of Cattle, of all descriptions, offered
here during the week, is
B -t- ...................... P, ...... ...... .... ....
(ointroa5 (BI.-....... : rtU-.........I ..........7d
i" .od C ui...e............... "
To this we add the numbi:ra I',ported at other markets,
as follows:
At Chamberrit.?.
Beevesu.................. 275 1 Veal Calves................. so0
Cows and Caltes.............. 70 Sheep and Lambs........... 3,500
esin ................ ....0 o ,, rtu-p rind Lamtia ........... .,.
Inuoaat-n site .. ... 'o t
C c rn s rid l u iti..... ..... ] I-
IL LD R t :ral sior ........ .............................. 1 '
arnimals It'.r lsughlier in one wtick. b-';dd All tint hIitve
bei.o asoid from boat.', the number 01 which so vuq-&riA
The number of beef cattle in market to-day, is 2,191.
Thi- is within a fr.,eir;cn .4 .I mnre thin list wt--k Tri,-y
c-nie from th.- f.illowiig F.,i:nti
ti- o... ......... ... .. I l .7I6 hl-nI ....... ............ 87
P oiovla-,itc............... 7 Mo-liti-is..................100
\ .,1, ............ ... 4 5 I ,ar da ..... ... .. ..... )3
K y,'t'i.] ............... .... ,'New-ra Sta-t L ii-r-:-,... 4L6
the balance scattering.
The Ohio Cattle, 758 came on foot, and 345 by ra;lrh'.id
The Michaan Ciattle 'esmA by w itr and r ,roii v., BJ'
Isale. The-'utiada C'tle are mlr,...tly f'rin Knit.w.n ,li.-r;]i
ries. Tb.,y ciamine by t.aribi:.'il t.. Ci, Vi l. ,ni. awl th.-n
by the Watlrrt-,wn nd I.,m> Ii iirot.i,. tb-n.,-E t., AIh..uiV
and down tLe Hudsorn Rir l AdJ whliic br",uihr d.1-. e'
783 head, ithi Hirlem I', tl-:- River biout'J3ut an-1
the others arrived on foot. John Merritt sold 104 headl
fr-im,, (.':C,.unty..Otiio. th-it icra 75 days on the road,
ndoulie n Livrmiitco -'. i:iout I0i rr il-' a iry-%. The owner
thiuaLs they l.,,t .6-u IL : i:h on lh. j.uin ivY. Among the
Oh-, Calltir llitre arr ta ,'.,,d in,, t .'.' : Durhams, and
on, ..airy v oo,..dl-tv-'. but -it,- irlly op.-..,king they are
Cnall 6,z5.l I'ur ,,1 r di'.-'. y,'-r (hil ot'-r_ il' the common
plt (l:. 'I It- leiit ,tu..y C irti h*-..: i p', il. ir i-p.- i, n.,.
whi,' ind;,',t,- 31a ot,.ir tu e .i-tl U U xj ir.nei-1 p,'-r:,.n Wits,
tLhey cti r hrom
Many of tiC tOhio and Pinuaylv-iiii t Cattle have this
Se-uli.,r Kentcky loi,.l, h -ring b'-i-n driven from that
tate. Cattle which ari l'.I't:d ;"E diil;[l,-ry y3irJ-A ii io
have an appearances eutihi msrkLthe.m. dLintin-i lromgras.
fed ('elle. :
Ohio Cattle are known by a iertii-i de',re.e rf r:itr::hot-Ims
in their appearance, and gn-vr.idly bring .-,r am ill.-ri6 ,z,
than amy others, except a portion .l, +he \'irginil CiCitl..
Goodjudges of quality say the Cattle are not as good-to-
d`y a ilithey have been for several previous weeks. 'Ia
fsi., I ktnow of some very Ccolra,- Iots-one of 100 hnad.
rr-pctt-d as Ohio Cattle, art irtim iia AI,.h;gau d;.Idlrlrv,
tamtong iTwhih are Sereral pair Cit old 0;:-en, hrdl'3 in wo-.rk-
in rcrdtr.
rherearesorne Os'-n -n marl;tt totdi.y. froim i" i,. 11
years old, and whioi! z vcy L.1-1i Ll. ,ib'.iil allk' Trh
best lot of C l.of Ti.:rd-.irt- i ,'lrt.- m 1 .rk Ciinr,., I'., .I-;V
Ltr- ,:,r f.-I,,t, by lrt;u tnt- ltih'iLtt"i .OI' ik-li o'.'-.erlv ni 'Ito
itg., tnu., liriri Ptitll 'J ,, lcik'k, m iLking t-In mtir and lh..--,
Li-liUg h lh Ili 'l y ,h Y unitl c-i:'.t in,-,rnin-. Thhv ,. -I, fedl ci
J.,hn Bulliinter, i-q a.1 wfiltly farmer of'that county,
Ilt I l' I. Ir.h w-ere iit-id ly -hitn. andparto came from Ken.
rII, ky an.Dl Illinim The lot. ru head, averaged 1,740 lbs.
live weight, whichhe oald ..r '-S K ~ P L. it. Thirty-fiveof.
them were sold here ti 13t iiariiri VWe-l: of Filfior, Mar-
ket, for $107 50 each. The average weight (oft l.,-.. before*
starting was t-,o;i cr.. Tvl;rel,. il t 'l',. to the hundred,
would give a avri.rar of' tf 1.1'i: It, ,"- B,.-efin the quarters,,
toaeach Ox. Diiti.rng I,, ..f dr;-.' n -J .UiJliiV p',r-, -J
averaged 11 cwl ht- r. The- whoIle Iti w,.ri- ',. r ,,,
Steers, never worked;and all fat. Tte, I'em,- ,. Ir,'o .d
two years, the last few months at a Idolrlv-rI Th, r>' i?
,on. tbile PI r Diam St.f:r-r nmmiv-,ii. ti.. that A.TI l It.h lr!.
0: [ t. (ii., C thlil l, t I ist:.1 t ht.i i,. 2p o"t ,t ;nl I.nI.;D
t.o. beaa-v to drilv.,- w ,i -intii Lby ;,i to Pi.i.ladi.lpti.i 1 1.j
Lilthrt-..d L[E dr,..u,-i i L,. I hii L th h, .in,.J tajl
luw nOlAt ,bavc bc-t ;ilnd.-d..
'Ib,,-o t'i ittl. wr.-: s.-ld Ihu_: bi Wiul; Lm Bet ".ans|
,r[iohLbiy ii]1 not. avteroi', niev inu-. t' Irf 'In,. Irt i 6i.,
,hIt gon- l t-to c I E 1 '-t 1]-l buit a tr; j.ti.t- r thim thA
ric-t,,r k ,, n.. and .nut mire th.'at C'niit a. 15. mr..,r
than wo-tilt -i tbrtt-.
In the prices of anall stock there have been Some
cbaoigcs Since in v Pist ri-porL In iontj,'iii.ude of low
prices and dull e,lei for Swine. I..r ;citni tifLsn past, dealers
cerii-c ten -ind thcm i.',-warc, It-avuiing u ivirh t avery short
supply. 'ITh eft'ei I tba, beer n ] itjLu...-c, 1 ierutapound.
Small Hos .lil r indily at ;.:. :i i, lte w-.:,-,ht.
Vi r,:ntini,.aabindcut, %iial at n-.unm pi;i.:.-C-c-t ; I..
lite- wr-ight, and tb4.aiiatlly ;r L,,r i- "y r1e .Cl 1ri-. Lfi-
ai\-rolt: price peti h.Lenad i nut ilr fri.i .i'.,
4'.P- A^r.l CiL' ii-But I's-w ar- -.old here, in compari-
son with the nuitbeis rift-r-d iclC'h-'iin,brlin's .- Brown-
ing's.' The maikiht fr tloi- dh.-.riti,.n it .it-,ik it not sub-
jecttoanygi.-,t flt, i.tuationi. '-i i. '7-rd td id ,i-arydiy
alI -ut tho 5sin,' ariad lrr.'-rnl_ rm.i ,oj ,'a-i-li nt lit aii..ui-r
mittr- L uilike--ht i t I nr-I .f .' ,t'-' 1 I -', nI', niA n .I'lC'it' and
Calves. .
STIur'P n-i LAt-. 1,n A i. ; i- in C,rr -.0i-. last, week
thor, I ..'r .1 Ii:c -twi li-i" i,.- rl' ,l tl .h.: Ali -:it have been
-.hi t'orbir ,l.r lh I-h I aAn ,'Ju-K n-U .- t-i.r b, "iitriC *n pI-irc
equal to ti,-I vlll.: ,f iti- t!t,:o- F,. pr;, : nr' l-:.. I r,,,o f i
to S5 50 ;':.r.r d 'rii. h.- p. it-7 n-L i -'li u. '1,- r1t i r-
extraordinarv 'I li- i.hie -,,- ,ii r, t. il.,I- ',, t1 h-iid les.
than lastwee .l- ill .u ,n pr.'.-., ,;l .t kiii a ,J'in. ,n. again.
The price of L.L-Ib1 i 1nD1:'3 I',, -- .' .u tI'-) -. i),it an oc-
casional sale at :". 1,- 1mrill i i,, ",-l P-tr, ,]u 'lit Lambs
are becoming more and m,. It i(pl-ity -%,, .i,.it. ., well
aslarger, and pelts more \aclubl,-, whi,.h m'|il hLh 1 1to re-
dclt E tl,,h ptii'; of meat.
We hpe titI .-x-%l la.';.'tli L h;li r'ii P .. rI cMr.'-t Ih,1
rc.',.hLed 'I lih riu,o- r;iit- c.-r th t- :,. It th- |..i i'''-t-
e.i, Lt i g i ,,,r. I. g iL n ,* "I' t i t t t l tV a :. ,ha r- i' ]i t ,r j,, ,- J
nrigly diLt .-I..t '..i...iiU5 -Ltppl. % t[ I ,Li, it hi r I-.Iu .lit,:
ly ri.Iad "t in our Lnri ti.
Tan-in- orii.'. M -Iv i1. I.]
TIhe Directors of the Associuliatu io hr i Exhiii-
liOOof ltil aSIllthU lr of lall Natai|lnS :Zre '.-. [tr[ tI I C .
Ibintin will t Pr O ir .l L [r i v i ',L *iL tJ,--il,
OpIOt, l EI'r- to t' i rn-c r-.L Ca i o.l t w, a-v-n'LII Iu ;,.i ..' ti-. .. ,. for-
t Ec LEb'ii-i.',o w Cl,,o btet y io pi p iepir--.i, m Io d b-i5, h oje lallJ
mE st e i o' ju[ T. t t ar ot, c,) 1 a' T5fi io'b ic-.
b It it r..[(t t i.n ibu ,i ull hi mo urn ii,,51 i4 rit nl'r r .jite )T.ln uplc
B .e- ur Uj, to L t- [o-n .i r t [tJer[ at ,d0 0 r l ol ,h i ,r a Ola.""'i rr- el'rlt 111 n .1 i ,
ao d ,o-rCni' l. i, il .3 1t,.Iseoi sl wn-, ha vi i ir..:rO,-.? l tb- ., s h .i -.tlj,- Bi ll.
ti i j I, addis- 0f-l, na,-tiisrrn to l a0 LEAi O rn [ road un-rlinn i air-to.ulEy
oole itlu[d. toroL e "e D le inr the I"-r--.-- ul L ir .i.-,
two .l.,jti ,rd .,ar, fnt., r.r ri-e,rl'v I,- t i- r' .
Noa irnr-D'o tti,- iti.n ito Et dispLy olt.;Cie ru--. or ,-rti.- ;. iin
Dicl'rt i lt.- a Liepi r-t ut ui r l0.iu t l n-.-ajj L.. ,j.,4y u
nb,cb ,mc i..i .- I -Li,.t rLr-EiOI-, c lria-c i rI I -,. COc-Jii'v b ,. er.c-r ..
Tpicivd l 'd nt-e '"-L--an iO"i 1 lJ'6111 tu,1 OO 0 6 .iUit l Di ,r lla nt. Irtj
COlf eCr ,o of t'ic- ar I .- cal i C-r i E --a i-.l r lr zin-y.
The tircturea~ hi--d 0.-r-I-- on o[*--i ilis rErjjiiii~no or no .rurll..'r rt-.r-d

khtIt moa t n- rurLti nil i', i -y io uc-ea] 'tO rue O ,nD n II 'i no d rir ,Lrr ij.,
]u rest"Kll[ It. 'bp 'ti-Zei ChTLurul-n 01 [h.. !;^Llbl[iO ., [1-l,: t..B;i't
a~riosdscd a' b- i-.ct ii rf-Tntri bt-.iorr "ntd t it anin.-cw. alsvol rI110 c.-riri c'T--

Aai, Orf' iO-. t-urd nt t.7 bonn t-Jo.-erilhctl. or be troo: .. h[iL-i- a li".i;r--
reilie tot cbc t.'crj nh-?tsooji re-ti-ihtinrianmir [it-ii .o'm's t-aiua. ruji-r- 01

In tnt-et-d ci L k-c o-I nrrni Clinto it-i ot tl- i l, t: ea t' n c -; 1alt
.r.,dbn ri ctls ir i n.-'i o-trT t nod c. t or ise t t c-u,' 'ire r .:.,i-.ctTy,
mIn iluol- [it.d t -o ,tcr I- the e-orTi. u rutim iof elt U lt- aet.o ea .-a
bdrnih at'into '"'ry thi o ehvccnimen r.
'[li n-',I rLh itre ri tn-n Lncrr'',,t ,-" [Iu bhi- iLt--a. IT. di'-,._lu. a, Tiia.a: f-
aicota Clt6io-lh:nlr.', EInl poli I, b r- -ie iJ ,r',JO *tIu in "* ,liO -d ,, *[e
. ,[., L'auj d [ Ld^at L.lp uin-ot S I' Ci DL ".o'. I[ t B. .O m ..r
nod ih c r,,, t-r z-i :ljr G,.,-- i<-nnnt rm ,i-u t te- dfir oIjitinorit r.- c,',.-,
ei lr., n.eao. milo b ->e a. month djnbtct...rt, [liiicl,''i? : r, ra i ,', 1
sit'ru-ut- anj u-lurk ho ll r nit bo-c anccl -iorduL rr.j!uir tay n-i ^--I -5,.
dtre ti-p..B: a'l, UL.- Lm. ti.: [ t i tI',' r e-I'I.[t.t ann-i .-, I uiJe
Co'initr in the :mrp .,-i oeljr,: i-fit-c -ari-.r, -
'lLt-o'u ,tii.L'Lnt-Ei 0000t 0'd .n,~d tlici; ClD-itcn-ntii o;f, ...,
J. M pE.TLhuLir,.-Si-c.-,'ry oftr,- o, iji -r- i .t- '
boMLZL \ L' root- .urr. r-uit-.etj ril ,. .. ,d t 'Ini-.oar, -u
Prpl" B r -i-M~ijeT.,'.j"T c=iI ^it-^rf ,r
B. P. .t,'r- :,ON--r-ri',-ilcnrcol li-r-pit- DLi .
J,-,:i;' Ho" -.ei.nci-M.,tc.iCt
E sn Al-. 'i":rE7-T-rnle Fabnost
aEI.lo TP]ri-o-slpt-aip1r.
'lbs Cijitct-tot tn'. oritinC'^'f 1-it 1'--e cr-in i *ri r -. ... I -Cn.;7,rt
li..:u--itfi riic.- -.,-.. i-a r I ,, tg:.n l fhti. cnuitirn,. aol t'y m-,u .I ci, t-.r-io
to nctk-a-t-cm rj r, Lc Ort [r. .onor t nt-.',,o-r illit -xic'crti',i,
hiort-i-i:c Linrulu,r, Phjiilp RBrrwra
Alla d P--ll. J" Ji.lI t.t- n L l'- -ti.i
Ancpnam BaiJaOn', Cuo l- \IV F-.c.- r.
AJin-nnr]:. n [fl 'jiinra, Jr Titc,-e-':.- e O_,,.,-w-, -,
Cinoto-t L trk-aluT. l'hll-,Wm ,'\ urotlt-
Ellen.tJ Andtic-ei.. II ,niann Vllluar,...
Ber-ot [iirraohu -, Johoi D --r-...j
V(B litH M d.,u.l '.' .lh.-r KILt
Ja.:ob A W-'anc.--it. \ in'rt- Lt-mi-n.n ,
J.Btam A Han .,iLu, F SVt. ni ,i,.,,Njii
STmHeY h-LPo'Do.-

NOW IRE.\DA'-Nu I-7II-IIC: EO'i.L"% 3;1EPI.
'.'-C L Ji'L'n'..U AN'D i',. oE Lr otIr 1-I--l by Dr. F.
.o-li len Pi.' '-.--.i.a rai'ir.i'.u LI cr5 '5 ,I tr' ,.r ;' r i.. -ear; 16
,LL' .r'.. v. r. s,'." r. l 1. ,. .. i. ; :- c rd
n-ar-*. .L I'-.- mi 1 .'i -c, It jj r *n ' '1 r -r ,*-:- M iedi
t-c, o. i j,, .,. o n r r- H i I Ijr :, r ', ,- ed
U rLL; Ll,' ir.'Pnlt- r,-',.,, '. - t .- i- c.', I"- .'.' cldJ t,
,." t" *. n- --r. in N. ,i..;li t :.'* it. i ... .- -, e ero y-
P.,-, -.\V WANT'I'JN; thl ,irtry .tf-l Irul canidpi-r
L1'.rL't-.N I .ItltitiF t .r Li,-S, 0Ly ddtatl-, L L9c alut, '.
ItAL 0. tLCJniAgL & Co, N, s .-loven, CoGyW

--1,000 a FT..\R'-',.od ,aoi.M Art-nitr n-orrs. -,l ,.-,-1--.nitl mo
Si-r- ,'- :r -r r&Ia tirw no Fe.puipa --',hi. r u'Iil ii? JnLi l. i i'."
lr rain i r e- r eml Hiia,t1rDi t .or ,. u ,-re-ih. -. a-In-1 c lea..'-
i, -. ,: r -'h i i'r ",1. fin -.r l t I rc ii .-' .' -. ,.i ,irIi.
.re; i--li- c-.. I - t. ,-- i E'-e v c- bi. rI .a
: .- _.r I, r .]' .J [,rC . ,,' Je 1 e C i L r' l'r rt i : I I' -' F J0 "
R," P,,!, 'i, ',=> ft,_d X IL !- 'I" D- rii.,,. S,, .1. ,,'" '.ry. r ,'.
tic' t, liti. IM AL, d I d all-]ut JulI-,-."f. 1. 1u----Ca .rlOI--
'Ti Er-iLcrn-noi -Iai^rt.zri' r^ i-io ni-- ti.J ~.- : ci,.*.- to,-' ifs-^
6i to1 a 11.aT H-51. 1 t.[1- c au nd T clrn't r ,- il 7. wi 11 --lW
i. R Fx, n pteitnt N'-uws oink made bi" the Ei daff PF,-t.r lucInk i-n.
S-y.tnor 'WIom wN are A-.eLtl, sWhtich g'tdl W, 0e n lur.r ad] la B m5ni10
ctitti qnclura, LJ&in Lo y uLhLti lal madte, ir money refunded.
C. L. DERBY & Co, Puabliabers.
WV ANTED..500 A(AENTS -,30 a caontth e atly rtil,.
S I li.ritro I e- w FLirmily Br,-ck Mo-re itil,r-,'i .r...-od ri,..-
abtr clih, 01 r-n v c th r mOe' i [i'le r'c 'irT. A Ir-l.t p-,.'t', r,
'- ti-, l OIi R'O EE CENTS --Etplh,.-mentthat
-' -,fii I,; *.in-' i3 1) it. ..-r divo-in -L-.: ot.r.,inedbyad-
frL,:u,, ELATIN M.UN'IO. -tILrB & a-uth Olive,No-
tA C., .]. _Olh
.S'LLLR.F -i-Le soti,rh o- w .ili i i-iDn o r *. i'- I-'.li- It.
i ANoMNG'si ILLLSTilAFiIED G0,IrLIltR OF tiit. tiNirLi
SrATTS, a-ih uir? O rod othiel r'cnrnt-, from tbmo sCu'-nn- ,,-
lh." A i-n'-k well ti.-b.d n mI O ht Wi '- ore the mLOn r c ntaitairJui. iu
c.-i-r,-n tu [l-e mattic r I-,iiJI l':,af > i a- a G i-r,.r-T(I--T li cO'OiuS i[.
,lar- tim i-.n tci i_-. Couir,p-, and tsapo-f Fcr-nrni-n ,' the pran--rpal
Ct i nt, ni tr;. L'ot-d Stot, 6 .,nn l pr,:e, ,-ith -i tt..Ju i o ,d cIp ofIi-I
I.a,iud SfiIC-, tom a ti i.r-A. lra.te, el1 -'-. 0 -,tliu,-1 a L,1 itt-, ?T,Act S ip,
*1 f'. Arr:na c- mite. lasn, Wac wti-trh [iL Pookt, :,b the utitlrc-rj
iy,- prop-r-i* tu m ti: a inare d-,:aur BEt t it ,lol.-i,-. A .co-, .i cle
wciit. F-i L -' -,, I''-ll b-- rD[ tI ) soV ps-rr of ti, l. j i.r d rtaeo.' ex :,-p
(C i-',:-rtn i. ri r-- v tr., 'r i2by i e f.Pul-hlbern. freen of otiano?.
tloui-v -aoii'D I' neoccc .u tI 't lp..rid dds-e 1 Zeinirirttiit.
PIELPS, FANNINO & Co, No. I:. Bro,-ii'-,v
a Course of Instruction to Medical Gentlemen or ti-e Trrai-mont
of the Diaeases ofthe Eye anod Ear. Termsmaybe known by appicauon
to Dr. TURNBULL. at New-York Hotel, NAY. _______
T ri ed Ladies, and those about to be Married, will receive in-'rD OI rrBt mrioriubee to them by addressing (postpaid) Sig.
LA 4Al LA. -.LI, OLo N. B.-All thosewho payattentmon tothis
Sodj r. .,e.-,uil n'-t rEff.1t1 ,L Sig+iLA SALLA
[M -ORTALNT-to YOUNG MEN.-I offer for sale
J. npn-ad '-r ibirrv drffrtot 'nce'lp -mnV 01' ticiblih uara lit- I
the poot year lort .3-:aBt nad th.- r, ul s car'mpnulm 6.) eoc diO-,ret
xa".r' Ir onc--arc meov thl ,Sal.1- an nOr o Il. n:11. 1-. non i on. .Ih
tIr : -n m"" i L- p-ir -w irI. to im. r tuif n li'T rt I,, I dl O &oI.
ic, a-O: r 'n utaratriu- ard &1.I l n r o at m a one nt e if ..naIrr ni. u 7-1-1.u o"
onnr-y &rd lItt cCi an iiit to rtot.- tr-.-nv.-c Adirii. L.' BOiMtliAN.
Boar',u. ll";. "i'.in-La in: n 1 I. td iht e vhol T BiEb r of ri-..: pie ,"iu a,-
formj-aid ,i 1 iJ N, q l)rLtter t[aoi f,:m the Pont Otf, ani-Uti- pr.p.d.
I the retot c-i' ] (po.t pjit i wil impart information of the
greatest impnrttia:- t moin-irriedt p -r-oina or those contemplating mar-
riage. All cuiom.iir-u,,rr-n.tit e an oe:..-i 3 o me through the-New-York
Post-Office, rill rer,.ji-e autftrianr. CARL D. REBERG.
990.0 00C 0P-IES-in ONE MONTH.-THE
B .Stoe.U RF KY i'O UNCLE TOM'Si CABIN. By Mrs. H.
B. Stowe.
V\ e t,liE- r nail-... .-, Eniinl i.a,"- I .f mliro un,.rnietrr-nl., b o.Mk ml" Mtr.
frr.-i ,, I.:a P oIr jirL. 1 1- A W-.trh.:-ul a par'niJlIl it. ,, [citbblt h.lir,,
Tur e au. tr.ppat.:r Frto-i iW La i -9 1 lui-aO ,. iu Jra w itd.rd r', tIot I,,; LI
s&lMir. [,000 l IT.lLlnlrn l C-1 I [. b1 t1, s--...iKt. ncd a B W Ins- t. t.So
't.:- I'-ru- hi inc giiLt -rci fri.- ,- rio--i u-ahribcli rd.. tirl. 5 -adrT)rl. '
Er cnarn rinon. l trcliujar .and ii-A:lc-'Lr,t B-'Do.
A .l ,."-"T TO ,timnl I i.iaa -:' ,: ,' | :f',-i ttlB E..l-,r C..
M r.;S,- rT .H-s LJ- lrl'-T ,,-I-."IJ J h.t r KarI-d d .r ,In.-, Il t],i.r i.v. ft
to a mr-.t L-ri-otf-bn[ rrLd .ciit,,O r i I tiTaLb 6l1 Uo-iJ. r-) 't L'dCLi, .
iaS t-l. iit RT. --ritr,i l i.
A ton-int', r rl.tnm'i,. ou o'Ldr, rJho D ir.8l- .*-lilL.d ,Aa- -re 'thu
0l0ri'-.-ii ,1 u it--' tlti-': [C-ic t D-o n ,Jui-naJ
MUi3. tluWr.' KcV s a s olume o cfiirtia. nrit.i as iJulo.i V'.rt.
[U:trI.. r [in .Ad--_rta-.r.
Fv,'-,boile ti&t ri. nd., tLi Look t-ivt1 con- to bti.o i-irlo .'in trnE t
.-. a'- ic-k I-- .u t.,%,. [BoiiGfl Criti-Lan Acnnrato.
l'e .o-n ii:ry mtu- tio lLta cin -i h Ia'.'undci-dl'i aDi a -., :r- fdljy.
IC.- -O' i.zx .-aLr.r, 13- ;i-- .
It p. ,," ,i-sna irrl-bih- it-tir.t, and W-ill cvobnlad a. rn,-X m o col.-s'.
iat',r~u [J^O'lu'H~rald, Bjfl+.rQ.
It Ko':y I ,L i l Bu:.k n inotg. L.or.kel, and t.-Ill ..d T,.rii ol-n -.:d.
Tri-J Dremonat, Cie--minli., Oi.J.
-in 1 .-InmO' I c,, Ait. 1 in- .t--f--..urdl iitem,: | N. Y. Ttribni-
iLs Lou-ilun L'r-rhty iIt-LJ ct ti-an t-f.n.': l'I ilt i l.h en
--:.r o[_i- l, 0-iU t Vi.- l-. Oj h- lir.Ptryi.,r/D lbTo*in CS ire -.u. .-.t Iui.*d
iBiC-. uli aiir.'ri. .f ho Litiarrirv br c an.ono into ranauor i.fuac-la
`1ore' t Ca iit. hil r iib I- i i.itor n-I. a--not I ntin &',a .'i- m Jc: a p-xP.:n-
cn-c.L no i th jp rl,-an.: B ti'n-10i,. .-.d- ply tioriL-i tn- ii'.. ir i--irot ij
rfiC rOL 01 t.,r onecl, it pro sBt a' Suo firr, OliC[ r cc.Jic ei.-.-i- -in-ual[ n--"
tr;,i r not i.JJli'ry. Bii b 0 pr,,p--.iliag 0.0 inP ift-i~+ bl c ,, nj' cac ,1 cI LBI
Ei, i Tr7 sod ani i.JL.-ui indli ad r, n-i.-' -a hLu -.,,,tr ur lf ri.
O,<:i,'r ui-k+ ,nlh-r l,,r, ,t t l,9rt t.-.d',.,.[r rdn- b.. clot
r,:,-n:I iui. CSnir, (i rn -)t l -1h l I l I'rn 'i-:-r to [lit i 'l,-Ui. ., i T M I, lT .
P:' [-.d cr--,- 1 .-Cr6 t :,i, il u .1[ Lrn tIl -. ir i-il il Ul-' L LT JpR, -,, in
irrt pr, .J0,. rd, I0. :,l anrmi Jj I -1 ri." r.t rric ir-o nnil -lu tcli t-b ul Loe mLUlJ
et.o,1,ur.u p,&.Jcu6.:,. JOi-H4P P. JE I:VLr L f %,.0,
Pni.Birbi-ro, tu- nnj.
Fori r-. L O au Bou,.ku lc-,i ,r i i- Ltain :id t ilt.:i
T Jrl r'.i'- A.t H_'RT ii1. C ur..", 1. Mnit ) No I?' ,'oij,,rr. ,-
-.f Iru. THE -I AlEc"- RA i Di-i lE ,''I(.on-.i F''Rlit JN, ii m t
Lx'i sT h..r, iT 61A% a c \ ur L i-i- no. i-. by i ."ars., C L-M.
plot.-, L.,,..' S mUmo.
It ;.. 1 aut 17 [,c,-- .ti-.? -,. xaL'L-rot- thp evtlu J -f Mr Ct-r- 's i..-.k "
ohe a-inr-,r ccI.r ,ii-,lUo ri l.:M Ln ir Lar-ODt, th i t -ituL rriwMuirinl 01d tbn
l ot- J i-oanii...j it nelI t-'lIin...d. i iu jr r l',id i --. [D-ia v i ,.-.,
a tr, s-- lairira-L. I t L I. O -I t IO. S IC'; .ClJS,t; i rd I t .i[- i.aim 1.,tn t 'I-uIl .,a.
|u' : A Co-MWr,..i, ,1-Or ii-ner
~r.C iFt',B ,o ,lr,: l ,,-, ,Jt A nlr b n .- i--rn: -., i-- n t r

do r. I,E- I- n,n'. I in orn-, riir lS. -n. tfo-L'.t i" L ,1t' n,, te I.puiV LL,
BitIeI P n hMnbin ipfltl. tanri kr, 11 It IiiO .i e iif [hn th .i--id. o'f
(cWerl-' cltrun. j 01 ecin pEitiniuirmsp'ml o r s c''r7 it l S ri-i ,.r l., bi.
I' u ILiJ i c n u-ji a L.r-,.i'1 f. ir i1- Iu n Lli'jrkhii blr eiJ lO[ I., c, h. t i-lnia' [-r c On'
h1i6 C.o.--nn -;Ld = "1'- cc.-.tnId. I|N Y ri-rbou.
'i iu, t i6 i i-r-n-- Lh.uug i nd maiire rc.l: it-it- QIo il. lI'oO
it.,,sraTv World
'I, oTt'lramp -lot i-.f ur-o a i nC oc- 1t,- rnmoor c i hic rl nri-i'-nr-.ra,
irnde t ;ii-, c- Dntr o [0 t Lil i trilrir-e e1 i-i- 1:-0r ii ,1 >hi 1 .i.-'oar ,.I
ibd ,, IO t,e r1,.ad -> LLu iir t0pji-luo niuo ol' rLrid,i.I II Ll,. lt, ',,- Oi Er..3
cEaIErcj ub I n I |I-, i D.!'tv Rdc.tnu r.
It t:i--" .A' I-.ot ofitr.,-ti,.tr:d ii-ic!t in a waV lthat o at once novel
annl priu nbad ll,,.Ij Eveninzu JournaL
L OD DOW i-viiu. *
A pr-tacitnci rTtemic lIo pnrota r .nn.tiJ-, in [oan L,,i -count-rv. nirece
rtic-,l rIt C,. ri c r, w-'b. ajrin-ring the tui-,r? fir P nim-e.., iod c-.r.ina-ian,
ti- tfiifr?,-f the, H.'a ie,,cl i-ii J] C1r7,i,,r and E-.unmy -Au., Pru-
,ri-rtCL ul Fo.:,i o--l'tr nra uJ fo.' Chtildren. B'y ,ro, S J. Ealt.
Fr-.rni The Sbtarjdy Cu7.rter
Misa S~rfini n tifi oni. [1-. or ri-rio-n- e, front ar pn.tnly iJct.iee
p0:0. Chat-- in-t0' uC" I- 1 t -',i at- otIl aud ,r.-tio-tirjO. Winul
ntio11.1i t .- rr. ,ill "i wclt.d'ri,.tr- ini lh ," rod uu tLirop ljo e. Cry
dtprr"r.,Eu Her Nn.Nw Boe lul C,.-uktr,. jlut l),L'd J by H. Lor i a
Bhta-rN N -nw-- ur, nt, ,DIV .'ir Alb, t sa-i'ir .-i li-r o'f1 t a,,-i ti.jb em-
Oni-tr -i, it.t lt-. a c.'m l-i uc.t- l" d-nmrin-' &-m--irinray. ft-dram
Fron--i -c.vryr o k- ti r a.,-ter. it j troiir,-al, 6 bby ornpeWnip asthoiintiy
the t Ltcl Lo- J cocknry ei,:r onullu le
Firi, Ice i nisnin Advoesta
A vluac.lo tok.i f'w',pt-s i Th. i.. LA.i,," R-w -ioi k r-f
CtLint., c-c Mrs. S rah J Bale,. abhd-ome Ulh-,. jdait pitiL-lued ',
LungC Bt'Ltin.r. am aLus ricy. It i-I-n [ieIn t'e r n'r.s cu-a, M OBi'--
t,,,-.e Am-r,.zna wo-k n rf thn kn, for'TlurniR dri.noneo "atM-e
prti.,trii.D rt ni.os n o aL'.,,ridal van-tl ot dJiuot o mt uatr a Earnfy, ai
cc _ndJips oli bk, a -Oat dit,,,ijt-.jrL 5I-j.r,'to?
T. .i. ppa'ar C,'1.or- 6. ,.A 1s pollih,':-d in ue o ha.,ru"n* volumn o0
Itr' L'a;1.- i lit-,irrai d cii. t ura ,-iar ,L_-. w Dj-. VS pupar
pnc 7remaii.r, or the oh moe ortaid sludoti, Inrtco-
i. LuNutJ BiteI'lrl[.. do.- ,tiEAi,.L. I T
C--:,piu muilt-d On rerpt pr-ce (p-c- t trtAl, adilroads BA r-L)ie
tni Puridltce
L ,.rr. I't.n',:r ui" o he I.-Lin-,t. Mi. C Ciihij..h. 1 noL 1i.,,o. Pr,...?-
- giM-in. a f be,,i4.-ECi12c-.l t'ntn
Py [rr, r l-. u ro (_J tl., I.- LH .
f"ti-ia1 S n -,': ., r n1 dr-n-.. r ii..' I lrt th--cIa;hnr.'-' n-rh b-9i.h ta. ,-.',ok
--r.". C""r t -. in: ti r. uat t ofn ,la li,: -i,,nIt Il [j-', Ia .ll. dt.t I -), id i
IrC J"'`aLd I1 [1 it ll l ':- T iTlj lil ,. u 'It 1 '.'l','j pmpe,, J.?.
o ., I-ii. M r tli, 8t 1n ,- .... l-. T ',O t Ne,'-.v l t ',ir ,,i.,r ij-
lhn,, na. Meni ,i:la t ,ii" ta-,n] or- r L TI-e Nm tP :, tii. ,a i-- ii-r
tuon--. [-ronour-LFu I'a ni' t i- ci otaticidno 0 r o.ij and
CIn [,,3, [he r l r i j L IL "a axrTI r, riucw .i,[Ler! nonccad ,'-,thli: .,Jrk ,-,uI
iJn.B bi -. iti rorTolr l pt il rt -.uiii u i-
Ito- t.i- a of hni-bln K io, b tertihtno mit., saicd tfnBen-.mrhi- iOtn-h.
It~~~ ~~ ~ PI tab t.urih ot t"~r hu-i; riinn) ,xii ir .luj .., "-'iii' rii ,;
I Ficiot~a~m'u Chln..u.ij Au*-d-.'fii..
At tI,, Lr.i d vi ilb rt Ir.,. It ...I-- 1, u O' irs l-lt..inn rn-n-ur. '.r
l t, rdt-p,.L, c -luOfan tihlt -e Lar.' ft o [1 1r.lara Ct-rWriL Ac -,- .
%',- icrally cod cantO L. atlL n-u-L. t ji- ll' i[ c .I ,ru r ]dt-rt, a- ou.r-
oib n L ,. rit a,)i L- Ijir.- r l- u .i .qr d 1 *f 1i uo',n ir tir a l- -a,
nil C-fis- uot- o ,] ri, ir.!n n and i- -.-; '- ntin.shiQ mr-tu )c dill 1,a1t '
tn- .tO'jcItc-1 mLu LirtM irTo-t i Inr-ut;.. ( ur la11i.- ldIFXAu.
1t a k-Il.1s ituj>Bujoy t-y ih io Ey i.I itah1 7 Iicn.1 ii I ni-t O.ii
Cr._!li [N'w-o'Tk Doriv T, Lne
'7L' bit,:., san,-t to pn sin nto d to tihiF rbh;uJ dehL.'ri- [F', i',hLi.
A L'C at uL W WD8Lga Ob [LI. n tu-te' tlJut W i nllJ I.[ r. ly 1 p-a-d'jc, Sa
t |f= l (Pur, ar R'.:,-,fder
Too- ecr-ot i'eietrti' h,'ietfrrcrnld hatunvenJy ,[ e-iel'ut-f (w,...--
CUuE rrrC .rdt.,ic n-itLL-'t u iijnmlCct-fibl'. ,a-t-ai-J 0nto-n~->.o i.-t tourig t.-.--o
kl-ar.-toiurc r--uen ,n '0 J on.d dor" 'I s ctr-in ".nprita ho--arta .],11to
no rit-:ai flitt -.ra rclcd ,in aicc-lnt'I" [-B' 1-ion Coiaangr-.-ontsui it
The ot-oi .:or.tnB r Full er pFi i c r- .30 tacrt- rour ti-ir .B. aridj a & ,,O'ij.
elr- ilo',Iotiuoi ,.,I" tl ,.-W in plct'nOBd(,ur. ", lLhr o.,*d ~lt.'tln rr
Vl'' han,- iron-," n ft'. r,:,-d n wsnrn em' pom-td qnd cl -.r ii is ,i-tr.-
titurjf, Or.r tnOiuclrc. ts i] its rnotltatimL-.. lS |SrniLne Dodly Jorirnl
If ant edrlcluaJ .nhoe-.n-5 np of tne nBti.[.iL, 1.JIly dm]..t weT ,:, ,' a stl"f the
ri-j'dor-n npcii tuppLei wsnl Llt 't- thing.] i tbet. hB [ a1 m- ir i' t,]nii,
A copl nf itha Ut..rh, will Ie ie r'oosaa- padl tiu 5-cV 005 rtoreiiti;,
aefiiry tents, ftc-n-ci iutogie $1,. O,)1 BI.Oi'BERc, "
No--. 3 Pact nto- Nt-iYnr-
Bdr.d Co.,tid-oun, i Tr.:,u-u, en thr -mro ,-r-ir- Fnerc. L[ti E'a'
Ailtrbccrin. ana PFrvnrt- TI-.e I rt d F.lac I'hv'ucol act 'Soctal Cono-
dijCo- nod ta mrueost Ir:-,.iiano f'?Ltn,.,s Of .itte-n ant I'.,.onon.
I r-cfmri-end tba bok-oi a i,,'ii.,laB morn oi th- p'bJicol'OphY of
i-i' sod at-IL}., more o tr ru- rriia teLat'.,na i. <(iJe dad in-i Ollir a1-t.d
aL-mn-r pratt cat ru'-'. fnr tO,, t-u5-'-frinCtii at htji!'li Ban, tt- i--c I-ron ciuiaa-
noon?, t~n-a anyi nnot s- wrk- c~lot IL'rt.'a~ Olt-1 t--" _
,5laryd GOoe N-.a.rts
I i-,ol na'on it, naLt r a c.1- ,',l nat-re tr,,.,n' w .i n,..ok
cit- r. W, rt-oL It machjol o riw ci Ln Iil-.r i ttrt arid au ,s.:,- L'ru'"
[TIr diepluem. ')I" F ures Cry
"Ttai l-,oc-. c..:aL'-n-it ri-r-; ier i, i t ? a t sis nT it, lcI., 0-I.. --^. a r.t 'I aphi-
i,. ,t-t tio. Ir it LL-'r I- r ,n,. 15 iir J. 1 .irn.. r atd ir Jcr ;I+.? In ,-ui.-
c( ltan. n-' r. 1t-L i pnril--r.i-i-- 'iri.. v] a tr-V 01 t I i'- h. ; urJn- ]k rt J.'lq -tr lsw or ai onprna-l hba .:nt:r-y ,raced toe t,-. Mt k?'e-
gt'Ci'lo l iiic llr-nr,.Du.' [~ r l J.,iCi- 01 J.]'.c-n ,
MtV i ,,t-ia Lr Lu btal 'thiIJ i _,s t i -e T thei k--nt h :Inst .n l t ., ol,
cia i.-t', t' Ir tjt-ati, LiU ltp i.i l" r.u t at .Jd Lralt'.iory 'a orii ner t,"-" l.nlr-c'rn' L-' rt afq' -nrna.
- i oir Fec'-trio- A t-I-ic.ri] ,:,ri Id ,'T y r' IL -. e : t-n *i ,r t'ti net-v
rt r, y l, rt. tf l +in I r '-rtO '-t '0 .-titt uiT,', IIci'o Suj illt riu -ti-H .t c i,]. -
Dn:iI i (U5 tlrJ F.ii .Li ,, Ii t'i-it. eL,-J lt-ilrau jr.aooiLa I hr .J, r-n r s- ,u ir
[i.- inhd fI&. f rI ,-," i.' r i--" |ir P:ri _, p r 'aI' -i.
Pr'nc ?1 F rl P .,i'r.r L'.'i.-' .r -1 n- i. s-i ],'.i. .. t.-'i r.-.. ,
k-c ttIrN-..SIR L 'l'tr'. tt'itl:ib. too muliicuin- wa- a r i in..' I
poo,-t po.d. k- lu. t p-iI:..- L
T Li 'lt'HOLt, '-, D P', Ct "ai-.rti-N Y.

I ,,[y Gil *; h .b,L:. nT.^/, t'LtP ,-r ^ ."- l 1
I l,"b r' / i' ., Li. 1,,-ii -i L.a lv.- l.j nble Tl]o n u.
i lL iii'+' i .,t i'ljr ,IaIII ;--'ifOn ILrOL, [et t.OOCOOO Oinar t om 4
(r- iL..- i ,h i. ." -c'r oi .-n L.,.1L(' Ol e catout 'a
'L1., L l. -, 1,r7,iLu ,r, ,"I'-A-P ti rhL, -aoldher'ttes at
." ', el' l 'r,ni r -. ;, ,, r I ,, I}, (i ll ''* r ',i 'E Al;^Dt4,
r+ "11^ {nFANN.%is e. S'. aUUL- N.I H" t'DiJl7 r<",Nc '''r

fJL+J l r [.tt- pfor an-L-nt-.dnrt -a. or u i.,nk ins .oMca Lu. La
l'u 1 ii hIILt hkad- pirleisilY F Onti. tjby 0 tobcc dealersi
,vtint Viu.i

Sci'i.r' t ediaor,, enItKr~t,r w.,tb llf Cry-'dl PawiJ^ and trr Lqo'rDs.
F-',VL.'l ,'i <'.(L I'o '" 'hi- i'. %,.'+-.-Totk
T10'I ,F p. n.:' ,,:, i ,-lr.n I.I.. V','. ',, T Cort n--C h,.l
110:,', J,. ,'r,,lP \- ,1 1 t C ( '.- ,,, C. o'nr- c.-.i?, bic&L
FJ,,r:i d O.ii l ;ii c1 \ .. '. iiin~ Fr. r' *~-ii.,
1L'OWLERh & WLULat, ttii uiologiru and Publisb.
me" tCoo FIRI ll. No 131 NUam.-r. New.York Oa 1e cl atho.
i ssicall atnd -,Lir.r Joancruil
G ."ENTLEMIEN prtr.poeine to risitNori-York duing
".'T e Elitrte. lif t-e luiodour 0o All Naionao thos ideme
i, iht ii'r.,L ai,`nfLx, iiit'at,!o, ijoln6[!s aid elegant Hat cOai,
boe procured at
No. 128 Fulton-.B .between Nos,-st andBroaaway, or at
comer of .Broadway and Sring-ut, in Capt Degroot's new Hotel; ?h
"Prscottloup,," at the low prce of our Dollars. Study ecaemy
and patroniame either of these establihment&.
W AR of the REVOLUTIOCIN!-(y --anaa-ofCo-.
bul.rp1'7d'' Fel.9 19S3
ALL \ ILioV. Si it. c-OlainrT c ffi::ra iird t old, ..r ait. ...
lii. lr a r--1.oo hi-,, i. inicr L ttx- m7t'ime. i"Ir"m.".nhor
i r* Fie ,-oE a-.lJilrui r-noi.O" ii due to widow and iphut.
ovli 1-ave dris, i-; v., -i p-noa. iRari,errbr tEima E-riry nB.,c
SEAWl nr~sieo no.w t., o It Erny nrime bnierv ,.-,luIid or d.'ii.i.t En iMt-- per-
C'. (.l tIrhe ontar' dSta,.'.. and it ili lit- ..-'L|l- dutr, iL arried to pqa-
nor, fr him., ecc,:,r.iig 1o tbi drt-t-ee ofhi I/ dtiahi-ury.
BO ITrl'.. L ANT'--E-ery L niitcr und e., ier wo have .-.:red ar
luno- on roe rn'lj" a ar, B rnr o' in-ctint i[d idittei oni." 1790 us
I c'w etutiei to lond. I Lfb hbe c.-)t rrcer7d t Clu u.i thijd oaruse,
fTuiri Oa., r-it t,r.- .o .i ,, we-i r:ci-ile prompt and son frictory ntsi-
.5O0. %% ri e0'', *,6rc. &a d a .i.
b)AID PRI.T1ON Co. D,.-t7i. ,lMichigan, i
P. S.-\.'e art Dor pe.yin j 6i6., -d" aid 6i" tfor L.r-d 'Warsa',.
TI., y cr a '-dt ,soif na .i-. RITr i A K- -mam, N. Y.; -on. IRoss
% dknl j D-n..t: B I- .otfourd Cuab, Cumt Seri..
A ULICTION SALE.-To lose the concern of the-laie
A BA.R, RAVL COTTON FACTORY, bv the asinioD Ooso6rL
of tLe o a, EI. lilt -I ,r.ld rt pobLic noi.r--u. at the [] rteav6 eorts. on
FRIDAY. iL,.- f. r dayoi mlT, at I,. ol-cljck. A I. them,-i eligtbls
tprt're for fiL-to.-y pi'rpcr ,, beitunoruJi ytiirird t LuonsvilJle, te-
L ftJurrt Or'o",, CO.cono'irn O1i B turtiLll 1[t,3 t[wirt uno t LoOne. thib
:HrTnClo tfthe, ie.tort L.rundit dcr-n. atu.. F'," f'-ir e tl Lsn'L ii .ndatOw.-.n
I J(iLrs L.Onfi ',od HoiUeC, Bartle rii eato-lc-, oues. l of whb'ch wlD be
.Oli in d-i'nri paT-a rslaa ntd.ltsO to Fatiprcrae-ier.
S Io t, imnw t-il Ie ae h*n f b. the porltlii, d irw cr eaporoved papM?
C-E &-tiLC r ir eatcn int,.-rrEI, a"d th- ic ni:rod, r it,1r0u-oMI~LEa.
iL.AI a fmGntA, wih tirrrrt. Byord-roI the stclckloldr r.
MILL i. r qAL.1 iit&lped at ne b: o o1 Lae Er;, .t t Stony
CO'?cl. -L- 'ib:, i ,:' u of it,.- n Moarve Ca MM.,:,a.r, K..i-. rudii only
frm t h.' Lake, It .It wthnit r-,ni.rd c.. t.. -t11 all tl..-'t im -.
ptro-rmi- i'a dn hiL r I n'i -r o r I fa:r. r.. .. ,rtl.n 6 t f [ per d i .
aB a Ili 1a Latb; ohriT-,a.dd Dro ir h-'i-,il vi,,-,tbn','d co-oti. \ue Ior-
t ri .c nl i lh in sul v .le rhiI r-.ii-,t 1.-.-r _,i I,:-tI For rIrt:irnl' *,t
eddrei t'4,OLuiLY tE. I ALrON. T.i,L. Ohio
Ik ail I, ,'lil with tir: Mo.l, ,f d,-,r.d, 5,io s-,:ra U.i-'. runmbearJ
i'Lid, mostly c-ak, ,u nu mile from heMll.
0 i[ d|n WORTH of FfNE-FAMs-I-and
5 0 O. 00 BUILDINO LO t3 in nd near the h:.=lil.y s-od
d.litblt allj ii r'it:c I i-llioi of Rdtae. le, L Keilatid anl f lut arnjvilia,
on tlie Loot- irloud Raij'rod, 'TIe Frmza contil ft from ille acres p-
tv-id l, I ai i .el i ,lll. lu, i, rot profilablle do riciltrat[ l ,d n ardoinolg
FoI' T"-.'.- at f,-,-i, .C t , f ,rj" p r icre. -,,,i vill prod'is. itb propI.r
cu.l, t-ct].., ia Mon-Ih Ai.-1 I, auL ultio tEl. r'iciaiy .*f Ne4'tv Yrs.i. 0.0
ki,rui, [d..i-, ti- t ,m n" ialdditi Lore tr.d I'rtJ-, at 15 oultcy rcr sihnre, li-.g1 Ini,.4 %'lw' I' Pt e,..lj,. or a I'-t r i It--m '?to L .-2r,.- b Tbe
-LC in ma t ithe bEdhr.u-t. tiltf(r ci Rioa vle, adl'oir,-n, and
uc.r tit. ni1ri, a'1,Lapd Lake Rn.aoeion-a. o ,wl-,-:e tSit timpr.vemLernLdt
n-,i recrn rcilde- A iu.W chlich Lan nr.[ 1, bI..lli-.citel tl'ruj pritaite
iw. iiinpB tuir- i.,etn ~aid ibmh, ri nu' t-ow b. irg cerecr',l ILT- e. Eep,.Tles
F.rut, or rierii 1 ,-, ti bu,diriit Lots msd Fr-,,, tlwhiclh sre to e d,..
tnl.rijLd Oe tieo,,un ,:. .Jnrn.:-. li ,. nilplI im,tn.mtiln, L CUIi.mlLLE
\OOD t iDo.Jo"8 BjodwB-y, Ne%-Yorh, whetr maU.s and punpbluwa
C.n L,'J gratrs. _
A T 'TLI'[LE'e every clime i-trihtitetbrings,
Fr-',m eOddJc (h,-:O6ad 1.0 tO-i I".n sfpri-nn :
71e Lby.-,tmr.- r I.,:,o-t-., -i nd-r i'th&to fage-
No,-.', I .'th Hiirr-.oir.-'.im ., ,ii[ the ri e.
Toni tamdrr-'irEot EI''Inm Part,' i. rined biz'tre,S
Ar.d d onSa n'eu, .-, 0L. i. I rr v rt r.iL u. tile C' i ra.
Th.,t rb,:r F, rnr.- lfo ,tyrtrn r. .dray,
ALEI A td tel v o-o sU- -Ef-Pi n ... c F.F-sretL.
fdicr-nd rau tuoind tlie. uq.,-,l tcrmpt-r.r-.r t hnlie uo .in, r' uD-o,.i rad
Ortars ha ad ur ii ,-rnor toi-7 uin n.tbe itirmony ti'-Ir ea.iiy po,,d -
in ll tibe ki.. i p .r ,-,i,- 1-ro l i .- d r. Tr1 re [ft tE dau- arid Mllytiii
nluorieoi HORACE VATER9, No. 5TA b.-itw.7, cor. Aithony-at.
L ROtMIbS -1 hte ar ,niar'i:id mnv r,.oma rsil inc lci-.,edmi my stock.
mIn Incrmtaentt ore? of A i,:-p. t.ralJl ilChi ar-I purely vOCe l ,mIne eve
quin-r clt-,ei [tu:.i au.j. ue wneot ij wirr'ul.od A good n ,imurtiaidU'
seeorn-I Land Inttrmiauw Ir NEV" it'.,TNLTION.- fir. Ortqui
Miode,.-o writl, It n Bii.k oi0f Keoy. tore rop. Conupler, SweU Draw
Stops. aC ,,fODOianct.l by org-'al'.s aupenor for ( Larch-s a0 (ltglo
pTrt r,':b ie .n1-iN am nrlIh etid <.,ri A.\e.o, tIhe ra olMcoD Jeol of
Iil erilnuond ,pnL,& Bn 'thesola Ayn, ordered asreOlihCiLteni. a Ta
moo]~ c~eot-uii to the Linda.
1.1 W E. G BRA&DBlrtY. No 423 Biradwa_
SGLENN A& Co., PianoDFLert Msnufncturv and
I*e % ar.e e. No.. it Spnog-at, 1 i t- Joira emut of Bioad way.
FARMERIS' HOTEL. Null25 15and 247 Whsingoni-
F l lber-co-n RuIlrl.,t'-,nd Mrroy Nr'ewly'erk ; an Lhe ciL..W!e.m t
vce.hry ol the, New.l',rks aull Cr-e Rii lr,,l, R r ul,ino River Ilat13
Haiirt- JLIuroiL, tma AIr-..,y .i.jc,. B'.ia.dis i purdhL,
.... .. \WM. S..CAMBLIBRLIN & o., rt.orietor._1
EORGE W. NEWCOMB, Attorney and Cotuns&
iar at Law, Chicago. Ilihoto.
SrIATLITU. B.T. BABBTTT, N- o. Ca .a70 'VBhlagtoD.t.s
F A. BlUTLER'-' PATENT TRUSS an,] Sup- +
POR7EI rP i.A 1', fa rHin. (ilptute) and Prolarui Ut[.ri.
thnJlirg u(ni-et+ OK-Ljjj to iU, ij jir afi.1 Ok-t't'iii; l~lr& 'isrf, jfjjce ras~n.
cai rir a. ,- i LULscti'ri.itii it'roia tuu a unp. Bp:-tll doIp nil iJ It',CInd I nal.
('itce N.o 4 lBs-,r. N-.r* 7,rk. A Iin[i-', Io 0 tleodnoce. Infants
Trueafdt ntin St-O s f-B,.
RAWASCOL-NTY. Olls-Tots fvorahiv k-ow reTiner fa"io-
vauLds. Id I : mlJ. 12 ur, tn b' Somaof MEfllob PLSe'ij: f6f all Id Boce1 Bl
trB.dt-. turj peT&irc Fu .e-t, e.,ronibla, i 'in pp'aal th eotmidre&
toe 6t!fihte a, Dr. at B. FBtEASF, Deirorffis MlUls, 'ITuca-.
rawas Co., Ohio.
J PATHIC INSTITUTE, at Rochester, N. Y. Is second to no
othr : uil -.ijLrv trtl i[n t bt-jor jial nd h&-ahl'oi iaijucarcr,. andj itn
ci.c, ailand -.-L,.Ew:0,:. ea a rcE dci-,arirn- l1,,tr Ifemale daicosas.
Flotr. L:,.k r.d, .ip ,riTn& m -im.t.-,rtmt .lot rri trip exerrc is Fuil par.
iclurnirh tirn y ,d.iilt.-it; LL. iD FLLMINO, M. D, en Laki \'i.w,
ri,,(hitftrr, N. Y., "tj 1..4 cIbwprge ofl' hd I orlnnrion 1,tef'eaoq -
E-lv. % rrB. .'H. ir. w, N V., H-., Or,'pB, Hoa. Fr-c.i.s G.ra.
c:-r. end l%.Jrth ut r ila. E;-,.. CLiidtinioCa, N 1.
SANI.A-F.-,urli Ar annual S6m-ia --The -cs Course oi LenuM-se
ini t ild obirr-uLin muitt coame:.cin e on uridJftv. i t.c-er I, jiMa nod
c'.onnicr. Ecv OoL-nijLthi weeBi calo-iu,: tcll., l i 2Jb of Feliruory, 1851.
I .iLE l TV.
D-id J JobtoeoD. t D Pr-'ieor nftl'- i t'etirry fid Tari-eloey.
E'llac-md lianerv., .I., rirlusar of Lin, irlocijie sBud Prrtuz o ef
Neoicine. Pltrlimtuon, M 1 Professor atO oat!try.
A F're[unflt. 1t D. PrultWo or ol i LOyotl.,:Y.
] dfn Fil J, M D T'lofleam r o AfA'rliV
Altrk It Eert, M 1), I'rot-cr e1 Mlat..-a Mbdit a sod OfncaiTil Tler-
Bpf, llticfi
MtiLs 1a H Morc-, bi! D Prottsn' of Oelstrnesr Bad Dt-i uaieot
%Vo-.nnn Slid I'LL I, 77n
Alucia L. Fowli r, b D Demonsztator of Asiutomy Undi Ch.lnfiarry
F-' c.otip -lhl ;ii rilt-r iInl- r utLt.o il t.) I- t- lt, toiln tl'-ti &, L or
dciiro#,, Pf rC-rivtrt corl.''cE the AnnrorentipcL, w-IU pl-ati Bp]-Iy,
I. mariolly or by I,.rtnr. .,j tie D,.an of il- actJrv.
DAVI't J Jl',tHNSuN,11 No .lArch-,t. P.,IAIdpbia _
P.S1 VANDERBILT, No. 185 Suffolk-st., says of,,
[JDr. M'LANES celebrated LIVER PILLS
Being unwell, and not knowing whether it proceeded from derange-
inent of the liver or merely hysterics, I woa penrasuaded to purchase a
box of Dr. M'LAtE'S CELEBRATED LrIVER PILLS, and befro I bahi
used them all, was entirely relieved. I am now enjoying perfect
health, and cheerfully recommend Dr. M' CELEBRATBtD t-lalE
PILLS to sil sAilarly afflicted.
New-York, March 25, 1852.
P. S.-The above valuable remedy, also Dr. M'LANEi's CELEIB TED,
VERMIFUGE, cOa e had f at all reettable Drag Stores in this city.
Purchrar willplen be careful to .ask for, and take none hot Dr.
M'LANE'S LiVER PILLS. There ae other piU, pUrporting to be liver
Pills, now before the public. 6
WAT('CHES and JEWELRY.-The subseriber ig
frllih,t all dcrCrIpt.,niih of Gold and Silver Watches, Jewelry
and BilS e 'V'dt, at irtail at minucOi less than the usaal price
Irenal Jnt- Jrgen=enien Watches received bhy efrv trial whi
c..-rri&ainca from hln with each Watch, waairafnted pertcrt tim-
Duplex and Leveus in Hunting andMMati Cuse, perfeottime-eepeni.
and QuarterSecond Watchee for timing hoe-rs, tn gold and silvercue.
i]radid Gold Pocket Chmnom-ters wbch rmn wilhoot an y saBstion.
\'Y'aichet chich or etit[ dahd
E|NAME[ Wa'L-hr i.
f..r Lnl-td s.-me i Hiuntorn Cai.r.
k-ir LtdcreF, B-:nuT Uic Moe1i Cc.c..
whicr chaug ieto rtIhr-e dBrrint n hoc..B
warccias nHi,[ WtND
at- Brsd tajrti thi hkinds sitt..a: rDo i:.,
F ~ii't tHo -f ir. A tirch'i,4 r iloj.-"Lli J .................*. 86
Fir-uGatld Dtltcbcd Lii r, ................................ 5"
Gokld En i-,il-d McL. l'. t; t il,.. I.adit-u ..................o..-* 8 0 Erl.aIh Pirct L..v, rt ..... ...... . . 50 85
Grld EnI,.iob P-rt.:n L. ert.=ht H .nt .'..................-- 0
rla. r inal r.t Lt r.s ice n -s ..................................18 80
Sihlir D t-ihcd L..Ir rc_ l'' M ............ "..... ....... 140
aLd all t-Ant tyiunt t .u '\t o.-i cat iuksiiy lOw prices. 4
D,-,,.-.r,l r..T-rico-c. PFri. IBus- w.iii, Fing't iticSS and 3roins, fbc
oll> Ic in-art ~n- ln..L ii.n[.i anal pci-no'.
All bi.dtn 00 1) CRAni n p^JilEE^^^ GolD~ Wmnlrfd HrNO1?,
AG-,'l tRF',hfG aid t IL f\t-'d pEN-+F Pt NCIL3.O.,tld aNd 'c-
u-c THiSIL-LE' FutiA FLEId I.EAST ru1-4' LIF ri'iii
L'OclF'tl LAf".i.O.C',. tuid and S.iter Sptct.alne, Gold 'loih
Ir',.b I.-h.ort., C tc c'. t't a Ct-slo. Sc
r~cl..l-t:n^,C t.-.5.- 0.C0!.
Fr, r ,-tnti Pitt-i ,.+ol' rn 1 e, rt i. t ',- r ruvi.,N spkl n ngo. P run t
t- . ....di '.t .. l.. .. &.
"I.s'rt', ,ird J, wel'. t,-;~ Liti ctl'c.L het-wO,.t'r-JiOd ta keep

4; 'i-d-' .' IVt.,'T! n.nd Clocks cleaned and repaIred a ih,- nO-. .
-r.o',r'r. ii rut-h Intot lh>. in ,a1 pr;, A L P .-
Iznpoi--ri- '" V-.:l..* urI J. -1.-l. 'h,;'. tale ead, ho. 11
W fiIS -et+ i J r1,, I.I .rA-: gr'jlw _+ _^ __ ___
f2l .!Tl.'.'>" r. r,,.- r.-,aB..rnri',": rhce Pacati of sIperior