The home journal


Material Information

The home journal
Uniform Title:
Home journal (New York, N.Y.)
Alternate Title:
Morris & Willis's home journal
Alternate title:
Morris and Willis's home journal
Physical Description:
v. : ; 63 cm.
Morris, George Pope, 1802-1864
Willis, Nathaniel Parker, 1806-1867
Morris & Willis
Place of Publication:
New-York N.Y.
Publication Date:


Subjects / Keywords:
Newspapers -- New York (N.Y.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- New York County (N.Y.)   ( lcsh )
New York (State) -- New York   ( fast )
New York (State) -- New York County   ( fast )
Newspapers   ( fast )
Newspapers.   ( fast )
newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- New York -- New York -- New York


Additional Physical Form:
Also issued on microfilm and online.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
New ser., no. 1 (Nov. 21, 1846)- = Whole no. 41-
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Ceased Mar. 23, 1901.
General Note:
Published every Saturday.
General Note:
"The first series of a new series of the National Press, remodelled and improved, is issued this day under the title of The Home Journal."
General Note:
"For the cultivation of the memorable, the progressive, and the beautiful."
General Note:
Editors: Geo. P. Morris and N.P. Willis, 1846-
General Note:
Supplements accompany some issues.
Additional Physical Form:
Publication date: 1846-1901

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 09632694
lccn - sn 83030582
System ID:

Related Items

Preceded by:
Morris' national press
Succeeded by:
Town & country (New York, N.Y.)

Full Text

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RURAL LIFE IN EJVGLJLVD. don was a much larger and finer place than
___. ____ T- It is true, they would reply, London
[RURAL life in England is one of the beauti- may have more streets, but then they had
enough for their accommodation, and as for
ful things of this earth. From Chaucer to shops, had they not as many as they could
Tennyson, it has been a theme of poets: from well maintain ? Thank Heaven, they had
Alfred to Victoria, the delight of monarchs. not a Newgate, nor did they wish to have:
We begin to-day the publication of a series of nor had they a King's palace, for it was not
papers, not indeed descriptive of rural scene- to be expected his Majesty could have a
dlong welling in every beautiful town in his king-
ry-which has been done, and overdone, long dom, although they were very certain if he
ago-but of the peculiar and antiquated life could have his choice he would undoubtedly
of rural England. They are from .the pen of take the Squire's house upon the hill.
a well-known author, now resident in New- Society in T- was a little on the aristo-
York; but whose early days were passed in cratic order. It had, however, besides its
the neighbourhood, the singular customs of upper-tendom, its lower five. The squire,
the vicar, the doctor, the lawyer, and the
v.hbch he has recorded for our readbrs' enter- independent old bachelor, were the principal
tainment. We cannot doubt that the series leaders of the aristocracy. The barber, who
will prove highly interesting.] was schoolmaster, postmaster, stationer, and
THE TOWN OF T- book-binder; the draper and tailor, with
The "o rcar o o f T-,- it some others of the most substantial shop-
The "orchard town of T-- ,1 as it h keepersof the place were sandwiched between
been poetically called, lies in a remote corner the upper and lower crust of society, and
of one of the most beautiful and picturesque formed, what they magniloquently termed
counties of England, and is divided into two themselves at the church-warden's dinners,
nearly equal parts by the "Teme's pellucid the palladium of the town rights, and the
stream." IThe neighbourhood for some miles people's liberty.
round, is replete with interesting historical I never knew a country town in England-
associations. The ancient town ofL-- andT--was no exception-without an idiot,
with the ruins of its once magnificent castle, two or three sets of old maids, a crazy man,
iS Within an hour's drive. In one of the towers, and one of those useful loafers, who follows
yet entire, of this castle, Butler wrote his no particular business of his own, but attends
Hudibras; and in the large hall, a great per- to everybody's else, who knows where there is
tion of which yet remains, Milton's Comus capital shooting, or where the best trout
was, for the first time, played. The whole streams are to be found, and who drinks, in
population of T-- numbers only about fif- the morning, at the squire's hall, with the
teen hundred. There are no manufactories butler, whilst retailing the gossip of the place
in or near the place, and that portion of the to the housekeeper. 1' -, although called
people who are not independent in circum- in the topography of England, a town, had
stances, obtain an humble living as shop- manyofthecharacteristicsofasmallvillage.
keepers or labourers. There are but three It had its wakes, its Maypole festivities, its
streets, which run in a direction to form a Christmas merry-makings in the Squire's wide
gigantic Y, the town-hall, an ancient and hall, its wrestling matches, and all the many
oddly-shaped building, standing at the point games and rustic amusements which used to
of bifurcation. T- has but one place of prevail when the land of their observance was
worship, and that belongs to the Established better entit led than now to be called Merrie
Church of England. This edifice is among old England." The cockney of London, or
the finest specimens of the style of church the Cockney of America, who lives amidst the
building in England four or five centuries tumult and excitement of routs, balls and
back; and, although lacking the comforts theatres, may turn up his nose, if he please,
and elegancies of the sacred buildings of the at the simple enjoyments which such a place
present, day, invokes a spirit of reverence and ave endeavoured to portray may yield
worhil no away inpied y vlvt cshinsas I have endeavoured to portray may yield;i
worship not always inspired by velvet cushions but for my own part, I would not exchange
and luxurious pews. The straight-backed the six years I spent in that unpretending
pews and narrow seats are suggestive of any- town, for treble the time I have since ex-
thing but sleep; and weary indeed must be hausted in more magnificent places, and among
the worshipper, and most narcotic the dis- more pretentious people. But of this anon.
course, if "sweet forgetfulness" could visit The Squire's mansion, which stood just oo
those who meet to worship there. the outskirts of the town, on an eminence
Whilst I was a student in T- a valuable which commanded a splendid view of the
discovery was accidentally made in a long- country for miles around, was a hospital,
neglected corner of the church. It was no almshouse and orphan asylum, all in one.
less than a full-length effigy, in stone, of a The lame, the halt, the blind and the poor,
"cross-legged" knight, only three or four of were sure of relief and kindness, if they could
which have ever been found in England. This but reach that hospitable dwelling. The
curious work was discovered beneath a pile of naked were clothed, the hungry fed, and
dust and rubbish, where it had remained none were sent empty away.
hidden from mortal sight for probably more At the time of which I am writing, twenty
than a hundredyears. It may appear strange years ago, Squire W- a man beloved by
to the American reader, accustomed to the all the town, lived and acted like "A fine old
clean, well-kept churches of his own country, English gentleman of the olden time." He
that a work of this kind could exist for so long was then nearly three-score years and ten.
a period unknown, in a place where people but hale and hearty, and enjoyed the sports
met to worship, at least once a week; but it of the field with a vigour that would last a
will surprise no one very much, who is at all dozen modern dandies through as many sea-
acquainted with the oddly-contrived old sons of dancing and waltzing. By this time
church buildings of England. They are full he is probably mingled with the dust. The
of myterioua recesses, nooks and corners,clas to which he belonged has been fast dia-
whioh none but the curiousantiquarianwould appearing, under the influence of canals,
think of penetrating, and where such a monu- railroads and steam engines. The baronial
meant as the one I have mentioned may remain halls are no longer places of hospitable enter-
for ages undiscovered, unless accident or the tainment. The sirloin of beef, rich, juicy and
prying search ofthe historianshould reveal it. mountainous, has yielded to an impertinent
The houses of T-, although not of so French fricassee, and the jolly plum-pudding,
ancient a date, showed the effect of time much immortalized by one Jack Homer, has dwin-
more than the sturdy old church. There died into insignificance before the fascinations
were not more than three modern brick build- of a Charlotte de Russe. No matter, thank
ings in the whole town, and it is difficult to Heaven, I am not there to see and feel the
conceive a more ridiculous appearance than change which T- has undergone.
these j juvenile edifices made among their more I only desired in this sketch to convey to
venerable and, shall I say, more respectable the mind of my reader some idea of the place
companions. There was an air of imperti- in which I passed the happiest years of my
nence withal in their bright brick fronts, life; and if I have succeeded in this, I shall
which rendered them insufferable. They were feel more confidence in presenting many recol-
like boys attempting to play the part of men, elections which afford me now, at this distant
and a miserable failure they made of it. If I od, a melancholy pleasure. N.
had seen a cigar stuck through one of the p m c r
garret windows, and the roof 'cock itself on
one aide, like a new hat upon the head of a PHYSIOGNAOMVY.
Sunday swell, I could not have been more _______
disgusted than I always was with these modern [PHrysioGoMy is with ourselves a favourite
T- as I have before stated, was situated subject of inquiry and reflection, and we have,
in a remote corner of W- shire. It was therefore, read the article annexed, from the
miles away from a canal or railroad, and the London Quarterly Review, with unusual inter-
stage coach-a running chain of connection est. The subject is delightfully treated, and
between T- and London-passed throughwe are confident our readers will greatly en-
but once a week. This was an important
event, of which I shall have to speak in a joy the perusal of the whole essay:-]
chapter devoted expressly to the subject. There is no single object presented to our
There were but three persons in the whole senses which engrosses so large a share of our
town who subscribed regularly for a newspa- thoughts, emotions, and associations, as that
per, and they were the doctor, the parson, and small portion of flesh and blood a hand may
the lawyer. Do not imagine, however, that cover, which constitutes the human face.
the good folks never read the news; for, let There is nutliiug we gaze upon with such ad-
ai tell you there was an news- miration, think of with So much fondness,
man who walked thirty miles once a week to long for with such yearning, and remember
supply T-- as well as the neighboring with such fidelity-nothing that gladdens us
villages, with the current information of the with such magic power, haunts us with such
day, or at least as much of it as could be fearful pertinacity-common as it is, meeting
gleaned from the columns of the W---- us at every turn, there is nothing we peer into
Chronicle. The newsman's system was pri- with such unflagging curiosity, or study with
mitive and peculiar. He purchased some half such insatiate interest. Nor is there anything
dozen copies of the paper, which he carried surprising in the effect thus produced. For
round to his patrons, leaving his half dozen the face is not, like the hand or foot, a mere
with as many readers for an hour, for which portion of ourself or of our neighbour; it is
privilege they each paid one penny sterling, the very representative of our race-the one
Thus a vast deal of information was spread synonym of humanity.
through the town by these half dozen readers, It is natural, therefore, that an object thus
the value of which was enhanced by sundry closely associated with our feelings and sym-
brilliant additions, for an assault at the be- pathies should have purposes assigned to it to
ginning of the street, often became a horrid fulfil in proportion to its power over us. And
murder by the time it reached the other ex- we are upon the threshold reminded of one--
treme. When the rumour of some horrid the most particular and comprehensive of all
murder or great forgery had reached the -the tremendous responsibility given to the
place before the advent of the newsman, his human countenance, in the social economy of
appearance was hailed with great delight, this world, as the great medium of recognition
He was, upon such occasions, a man of vast between man and man. The face is not only
importance, whose steps were dogged through the appointed badge of distinction and proof
the streets by irresponsible news-gatherers, of identity, but it is the sole proof which is in-
who sought to gain viva voce information, stantaneous-an evidence nct collected by ef-
which they either could not, or were unwil- fort, study, or time, but obtained and appre-
ling to lay out a penny to obtain. The car- bended in a moment; and that, as often as
river was, however, hermetically sealed against not, an unprepared moment. It is true that
any openings of this character. His silence other parts of the person, the whole general
was profound. Not an item escaped ; and effect of the person, are easily and constantly
when asked for a trifle of intelligence, he recognisable. The child will identify the
would shake his head, and significantly point mother's often-fondled hand as surely as her
to the papers under his arm. I remember revered countenance-nay, will recognise her
very well the rage for news which prevailed with closed eyes merely by the magical touch
in T--, when the Catholic Emancipation of it; but this presupposes intimate know-
Bill was in the height of discussion in the ledge; the face is the only portion which, for
House of Commons; for there was not an old the great purposes of identification, is com-
woman in the place, male or female, who did mitted to memory at a glance.
not piously and seriously believe that if that What else but a power rapid and unerring
dreadful bill were passed they were destined as this could preserve society from the most
to be immortalized in an enlarged edition of bewildering confusions and fatal mistakes 1.
Fox's Book of Martyrs. It was long after the How else, in the similarity of age, size, dress,
bill had passed, and the Pope was supposed to and habits in thousands of individuals, should

have thought twice ere he would set his foot one man convinvc&another of what he knows
in T- before the excitement subsided so well-namely, that he is himself? The
which had be.?n rai-ed by the dread question stranger in a foreign land, who, from a con-
of Catholic Emancipation. currence of these and other coincidences,
Thiinhabitants of T- were a very stay- stands charged with the crime of another,
at-home, staid sort of people. Few of them looks round, and joyfully discovering the face
had travelled farther than twenty miles from of one who has seen his face before-and that
home in their lives; so that when they mena- perhaps but once-knows that he is safe. The
sured the size and consequence of other places wretch whose mask fell off in the murderous
of which they hid read or heard, T-- was onset-he looks round, too, and, recognizing
the weight upon the plumb-line of their with sickening certainty the eye that met his,
judgment. There was a young lady in the though but for a moment, feels that he is de-
town, who once went to London, and I shall tested. But, setting these graver instances
never forget the great bustle, or the longpre- aside, how, it may be asked, could the busi-
paration for thejourney. They were only to ness of this hurrying world move on if the
be equalled by the airs of importance she identification of every individual required the
assumed on her return. Much to the disgust same closeness and repetition of observation
and indignation of the stay-at-home, simple- necessary for that of everything else-if it
minded people, she insisted upon it that Loa- were requisite to produce testunonials and

summon witnesses to prove a man's title to
be admitted as himself 1 The celebrated
German philosopher, who, by a process of
Pure Reason, has convinced himself beyond
all fear of imposition that he is his own Ich,
might perhaps, for all purposes of personal
comfort, dispense with his face altogether, and
no great loss to society; but most people de-
prived of such a witness would soon be reduced
to the distress of the old woman in the song-
for to doubt that you are yourself is the next
step to believing that you are another person,
and this ills our mad-houses. To lift up a
countenance to the world, secure of its iden-
tity, is the rightful inheritance of man-and
proud of its identity, that of a good man.
What so significant of guilt as that it dares
not show its face ; or of shame, that it intui-
tively hides it 1 The long hair that wiped the
Saviour's feet was also needed to cover the
penitent's face.
We talk of strong likenesses-but we al-
ways do so with an understood reserve. We
love to see a daughter inheriting the counte-
nance which charmed us in the mother; or to
trace the almost forgotten grandfather return-
ing to life in the features of a little child-and
there are rarely stronger likenesses than these
-but here the distinction of age provides
against all fear of confusion, and we are left
to rejoice freely in the real or fanciful repeti-
tion. When, however, as in the case of twins
of the same sex, we turn from one to the other
with bewilderment and doubt, though this
even is rare, the feeling created in our minds,
however lovely the type, is one of dissatisfac-
tion: the birthright of man, that of distinct
personal identity, has been invaded. The
comedy of Errors will only do for the stage.
With such an object in view as to preserve
to man that distinct I am, which, even in our
fallen state, is the great witness to our divine
origin, the means which Providence has made
use of might, not irreverently, be overlooked
in admiration of the result. Nv rnh, lh.-,, it
may be interesting to inquire somewhat into
these means, and at all events to protest
against Eoaie which are assigned. The idea
that this power of rapid remembrance and sure
recognition arises from the keen and habitual
observation of the eye, is one that has had its
vogue. Our eyes are wonderfully and fear-
fully made, hut they are not such conjurors to
do our bidding as this would imply. If it de-
pended on their power of memory, many sim-
pler portions of the person or raiment would
be identified first, while the face, as containing
the most intricate parts and varied lines,
would be the most difficult and not the easiest
portion to remember. And experience veri-
fies this every day ; for if we question men of
average observation and intelligence-the
army, the navy, legal and medical men-we
except artists- as to the outer appearance of
any lady who has conversed width them half
an hour, they will be pret'vy sure of her biue
dress, or of her white bonnet, hut may nut be
able to describe a feature in her face, ui.kless it
be her long curls. Yet let the gown or the
bonnet be seen next day on anybody else, and
they will pass it without a suspicion of its
identity, while the lady herself, even minus
her curls, will be instantly recognized after
any reasonable lapse of time.
Some will say that it is precisely because
the face does contain the most intricate parts
and varied lines that the eye remembers it
with such tni,vi.r--n.A because it fastens
upon any ni ti,.lar futuree, but because the
impression of the whole is more vividly stamp-
ed. But this w..uld apply to other objects be-
sides the human face. A plant offers as many
intricate parts, and, with its beautiful com-
plexity of leaves, buds and flowers, as varied a
whole; yet, move it from the garden to the
house, and who that had casually seen it once
would identify it again No. The features,
as a chief cause, have nothing to do with the
faculty of recognition-the mind does not
think of them, the eye does not gather
them in. The passport system is suffi-
cient to prove how small a part they can play
under average circumstances. What was
ever really told as to the true character of a
face by front ouvert--ez ordinare-and bou-
che moyenne? Nor is this ascribable to any
hurry of observation or indifference of feeling
-your most intimate friend, who knows the
very tread of your footstep, will sometimes not
remember whether you have brown eyes or
gray. We must seek, therefore, deeper for
the source of this power, and we find it next
suggested in the unstudied language of the
common people. Ask them as to the look of an
individual-what he or she is like-and they
will answer "he's a hard-looking man," or "a
stupid-looking fellow," or "she's a bright-
looking girl;" for their recollection of a
countenance is immediately associated with an
idea, good or bad, something indicative of that
inner man wherein lies the true distinctness
from every other. Or, if you urge them to
greater particularity, they will describe gray
hair, or red hair, or bushy whiskers, which
are the adventitious portions of a face-or
a squinting eye, or a soar on the cheek,
which are the accidents of a face-or
they will mention that the individual in ques-
tion is very fat or very thin; but the unalien-
able, unalterable features are not dwelt upon,
because not in one case out of a thousand re-
Yet here we are at fault again, for even the
magic influence of that mind in a face which
wet call expression, though apparently more
consonant with the nature of the power we
possess, is not sufficient to account for it. An
idea may give us pleasure or pain, but it can-
not guarantee distinctness of recognition,
since many individuals may be said to have
the same expression, and some none at all. In
truth the power of recognizing out fellow-crea-
tures is a phenomenon too great to be based
on any physical cause whatever-however
nearly associated some of these may be with
our inward feelings; it is a gift, bestowed be-
cause needed, for so momentous a purpose, and
only to be rightly honoured and understood
as such; every face of man being met with a
wondrous adaptation in the mind of his fellow-
man-as wondrous as any adaptation between
his own mind and body-by which its dis-
tinctness from every other face is traced upon
the mental retina in ineffaceable lines. Man
is a creature of many instincts, some of which
depend on certain states of society for deve-
lopment ; but the instinct of personal identifi-
cation is too important to depend upon any
condition, except that of society itself, which
keeps it in perpetual exercise. A twofold ob-
ject in Divine Wisdom is thus attained-each
man is secured in his own rightful separate-
ness, and all men are drawn closer together.
For if the human face be a plea on our sym-
pathy, one seen before is a double plea.
But, if we thus acknowledge an instinct in
the power of identifying our fellow-creatures
by their countenances, we may, with apparent-
ly greater justice, admit one in the universal

tendency to judge them by them. Our faces
are our friends or our foes before the tribunal
of the world, first identifying us and then
giving us a character. And here, strictly
speaking, begins the province of Physiognomy,
which offers too tempting a field for investiga-
tion and speculation not to have been ranged
over by many inquirers, more enthusiastic
than judicious in their views-their leading
error consisting, to our apprehension, in over-
looking this fundamental fact, that Physiog-
nomy, being so intimately connected with a
profound instinct in our natures, can never be
digested into a Science. For the characteris-
tic of science is, as the name bespeaks, that it
consists in knowledge-in the discovery,
through observation, of such invariably recur-
ring facts as are therefore admitted to con-
stitute a law in nature; but the characteristic
of instinct is that it ip not taught, because not

possible to be taught, by any study or observa-
tn of our own, but given to us, or stimulated
within us, as the name also bespeaks, "nde-
pendent of all knowledge. It is science which
shows us the distinction between one species
of animal and another, since that consists in
certain general laws which are found never to
vary. Man, however, made in hia Maker's
image, is but of one species, (though, from lo-
cal causes foreign to .,ur prSesrnt ir,'1uiry,divi-
sible into a few leading raes,) but that one
species, as its great diiinoattribuil, s, inter-
minably and minutely varied, as nut only to
defy all classification by general laws, but
rather to require une ofl thestrungest instincts
of our nature to ree,,cgnise its individual differ-
ences. Lavater, therefore, while vainly en-
deavouring to classify only a very small por-
tion of one of the present human races of this
world, might well groan over the inadequacy
of language to meet his suppos,-d physiogno-
mical discoveries, even trocpgh he professes to
have collected more than four hundred epi-
thets to express the variety of faces he had
observed-four hundred more would have left
him just as far off the sum total, where the
object of his study offered no two specimens
exactly alike.
It is amusing to look back a little into these
forgotten volumes-at the irreverence, ab-
surdity and good faith which pervade them.
The language of all believers min the infallibi-
lity of a new system is invariably the same.
It is always to be the foundation of a new
era of wisdom, virtue and happiness. Lavater
is strong in this. He believes in the Scrip-
tures, and quotes them most improperly; but
Physiognomy is his real Revelation. Measure
every face with a pair of pQoeet compasses-
take black profile Ahades of every one you
meet-observe hair-breadth distinctions in the
size and shape of features, and "ye shall be-
come as gods, knowing good from evil." For-
tunately for those inclined to such credulity,
the very drawings and black shades he has
left to illustrate his system are all-sufficient to
overturn it. For the student of Lavater will
find it, in one ease, quite immaterial which
engraving and which description he couples
together, and in another he will detect the
most ludicrous contradictions between them.
The individual, for instance, in a nightcap,
"who has felt the power of unfortunate love,"
far from bearing the slightest trace of the
real victim stamp, has that peculiar com-
placency of smile generally found in those
who never, loved anybody but themselves;
"the princely countenance" has no analogy
whatever with that title, unless as exhibiting
the retreating forehead and chin recorded by
so many canvases, coins and marbles of the
last century; the plate of faces where the
noble mind is seen languishing, loving and
weeping," is sure to be confounded with the
succeeding page, where the same noble mind
is seen in a state of inebriety; the perfect
countenance of a politician" is far advanced in
the same condition; while a face which Lava-
ter bows before, "as to an apparition from
the heavenly regions,", is so far removed from
any human qualities, that it does not exhibit
sense enough even to be impudent.
As to the variety of countenances for which
his epithets came short, we see no causes for
such embarrassment; on the contrary, like
the Kings of Scotland in the Gallery at Holy-
rood, for which the p..orter and the painter are
u[,L,.pised to have altern ,fat, he has little
'm.,re than two sort s of i animniure et.:.--
cially of noses-not, as with them, a bottle
and a Grecian, but a bold, emphatic promon-
tory of the former order, and a gentle, timid,
apologetic declivity-the two being alternate-
ly designated as the physical types of the most
opposite calibres of mind. Nose and forehead
in most of these specimens recline comfortably
back at an angle of forty-five degrees; the
nose, when of the apologetic class, returning
to the face, at the junction of the filtrum, or
upper lip, with a weak elongated line, as if
pointed and pushed up with assiduous snuff-
taking. But the most remarkable agreement
between letterpress and black shade will be
found in the case of that nose of which Lava-
ter asserts that "it will brook no insult."
Few noses do; but this, on referring to plate
No. xvii,, proves to be a bottle of such magni-
tude that one would feel a kind of guiltiness
to be caught looking at it. How it submitted
to pocket-compasses and black shade is indeed
a mystery.
Otherwise Lavater's physiognomical charac-
teristics, when once you have the key, are
easily followed; the wise men all having a
frown-his fools a smirk-his heroes being
ruffians of the ugliest description-and his
ruffians the very same, only all out of drawing,
which is our divine's favourite resource for ex-
pressing his abhorrence of depravity; all
alike, good, bad and indifferont-(the divine
being a prephrenologist)-are furnished with
such a very stingy development of head, either
before or behind, that without the wig a
monkey and not a man would be left. The
reverend theorist satisfactorily sums up his
dicta on thephysiognomiesd others by an il-
lustration of his own, in ,which a tapering
snuff-taking nose meanders weakly above a
happy chirping little mouth, while the fore-
head lies back in a line of the most luxurious
far niente, and the very tie of the neckcloth
displays the flutter of a small Swiss pastoral
Le Brun's Passions are another specimen of
the physiognomical principles of the day,
though far more modest in pretension. They
are true to nature in one respect, for they are
essentially French passions. The simper and
the stare represent the softer emotions, the
frown and the rolling eyeball the more sub-
lime. These last, indeed, may be likened to
a grand dramatic pantomime, in which the
eyebrow is the principal performer. As this
is rather startling in its effect, the mind of the
spectator is mercifully preared by a gradual
process. Above, the hair appears a good deal
agitated by the approaching tempest of the
soul-next we behold the forehead furrowed
with the heaviest clouds-thien, bursting from
beneath these, the eyebrow Is seen descending
with a fearful swoop, as if with the dire in-
tent of carrying off the nose, while the terri-
fied eyes and eyelids vanish through a trap-
door into the head, and the mouth gapes wide
in mingled horror and astonishment," as well
it may. Altogether there is an excitement in
the scene-very different from the vapidities
of Lavater-which one 'cannot help enjoying.
It is more than the anatomy; it is the galva-
nism of expression.
To treat Physi.gnnmy, striicly speaking, as
an Art, would be as great an error as to con-
sider it as a Science. Nevertheless, we are
instantly reminded that to study it something
of the principles of art must be known, and to
portray it the highest practice must have been
attained. It is to the late Sir Charles Bell's
graceful talent in drawing, combined with his
profound anatomical skill, that we are in-

ilebted for those types of human expression
which can never be surpassed. It is he who,
had life and leisure served, might have sup-
plied us with the best gallery of the passions
in their broad distinctness-his knowledge
checking all exaggeration of his hand, and his
hand giving the fullest scope to his knowledge.
And it is only in the highest masters of the
art of portrait-painting that we can find those
intricate shades and grades-thoee crossings
and blendings of character, in which, upon
close examination, the physiognomical identity
of the individual, as well as of the passion, is
found to lie. Who but such a consummate
master of expression as Reynolds could have
given Garrick with his face as much pulling
him two ways as the spirits on each side of
him And who, one would hope, but Lavater
could hinge found nothing for the student of
phyziognogjy to dwell upon in Rembrandt's

portraits 1- The human face, in its predomi- .,1 TURKISH WEDDIN'G. i
nate elements of beauty and goodness, may be ____W D G
legitimately considered as the picture, which TH father, the sister, and some friends of,
gives us the most constant and varying plea- both sexes of the bridegrooms family were
sure through life; but, like other pictures, it gotne theday b before to town, tom family were
can only be fully enjoyed and understood by oung girl (twelve ears old), and to escort
the cultivated eye. g (twelve ears old), and to escort
the cltivted ee.nor to her new abde. Strolling leisurely r
All theories of physiognomy must be, from r new alode. trolling leisurely
their very nature, limited in extent; but it about my garden in the morning of the event-
to the first very nature, limitse in the world thaxtent we arebut it in- ful day, I discovered the bridegroom dressed
to the first artists in the world that we are in- in his every-day garments, and looking very
debted for the only safe basis on which they doleful. I thought some misfortune had oc-e
stand. In that philosophy of the fine arts cured to break off the match, and, calling t
which the Greeks have left us, we alone find Hassan, I asked him what ailed him. "No-
the rudiments of a true study of physiognomy. thing," answered the lad, opening widely hisn
It is their principle of comparative anatomy age muwered the lad, opening widely his
which, by strictly separating the physical at- large n outh with an intended smile, andt
tributes of man from those of the animal, has winakingatme with a knowing look; "nothing
established the real characteristic of the hu- -but I am goin to get married, and syou
man form. And it is by the same process but I understood nothe winking. Happilynd the ti,
that we are led to the first sure step in physi- bumother joined us, and, understg. Happily, the
ognomy; for, following it, we must sot dis- question, she joinformeed us, and, under it was standing my
tinguish two portions of the countenance q tion, she informed me it was the custom
which may be pronounced to be especially the in such like circumstances for the bridegroom
human being's own, siounce to be inferior creature to keep himself afar from the whole company,
eig's own, since them in uh limited measure as to and, if met by chance by some one, to look as
possesses them in such limited measure as to serious, as sulky, and as shabby as possible. A
be said not to possess them at all. Its profile One laugh from him would be reckoned the
takes, without exception, the form of a wedge, One auh from him would be reckoned the
more or less blunt or acute. That of man greatest impropriety in the world-quite
presents a comparatively perpendicular line, shocking !-and, what is still worse, perhaps,
rendered such by the addition of a forehead wouldlead to the mostdistressing consequences,
above wandered sa chin below-addtheon of a forehead as falling under the power of the Evil Eye,
being only apprachined by elow-thse wedsavage shraces being charmed, or such things. During the t
being only approached by those savage races explanation, I saw the boy made great exer- R
whose state of life is nearest that of the ani- xations, I not to burst out in a hearty laugh, and, ex-
mal, and even in them never so much as to- tions not to burst outia hearty l h and, e
tally to obliterate the better type. According- fearing to call upon his head all sorts of mis- t
ly the average development of'this upper and chances, I hastily retreated, promising to come '
lower portion will be found the indispensable back as soon as the bride made her appear- I
requisite on which the intervening features Late in the afternoon, oe volleys of mus-
depend for giving us that pleasure which is Late n the afternoon, some volleys of mus-
produced by a rightful specimen of humanity. ketry announced the expected arrival I sta-
od uc d b a ight ul pec m en f h m an ty tioned m yself upon the narrow foot-path that, a
1No matter how perfect those features if one of toned yefuo tyhoe narow foot-path that, a
these conditions be egregiously failing-no passing before my house, leads to my neigh-
matter how imperfect if they be there. Many bour's, and, before long, saw the approaching I
a man has a face we care not to look at again procession. They were all mounted on horse-
till he takes off his hat; while, on te other back. First, the bridegroom's father appear- t
till he takes off his hatyr; while, other otis herad ed in his most splendid attire, followed by two i
hand, St. Neot, the martyr, with his head ragged boys on foot, who figured as pages. 3
sawn off above the eyebrow, and represented Then the male friends; then the sister of the 1
with the unidealized features of the early bridegroom, a youngwoman recently married,
German masters, is still no animal, for his bridegroom, a young woman recently married,
chin saves him. And these portions, we must well-ooking and rather intelligent; then (
remember, are more especially man's own, as something which I could not name at first t
being inalienable and unohangeable-the same sight, but which I subsequently guessed-by a
in sleep or in death-the outward indications itssituation in the cortege, and for the power- (
of that energy and intellectual power which ful reason that it couldn't be anything else- d
are so awfully his own for triumph and for to be the bride herself. What was visible of r
temptation-by which he presumes the far- her was a ounterpane, carefully wrapping up f
thest and falls the deepest, and which can be, a sort of huge ball, as we are used to see a
and have been, developed to the utmost in a great many piled up upon the deck of a mer- J
state of society where they were the only law- chant ship. The female friends followed; f
givers-a power which we as Christians have then themusic and dancersof the nextvillage; P
no business to denominate godlike, but rather then some men armed with old muskets and w
know to be essentially manlike-it being de- carabinos, representing the National Guard; t
nied to animals on the one hand, and left to and lastly of all, the spectators, men and (
us, in our fallen, condition, on the other, children, running, laughing and shouting e
That the Greeks in this respect should have quite as civilized people. s
r.easone.l as men, and men only, is but a fur- I, too, followed the cavalcade, and arrived
other witness to the truth of their method. at the bridal house just in time to see the a
They believed, as Aristotle tells us, that the young woman's reception. As she stopped
highest happiness lies in the exercise of the her horse, (1 rather suppose the horse stopped t
intellect, "since it is difficult to conceive in himself, but never mind,) a little boy of two e
what operation or energy besides, the felicity years old was handed to her. She took hold p
of the gods, whom universal consent pronounces of him, seated him before her upon the saddle, t
most happy, can possibly consist." To repre- and taking out from the recesses of the coun-
sent outwardly also their idea of deity they terpane an apple, gave it to the urchin, who, c
had but one standard, that of the human having completed his part, was carried away. i
form; but while they knew how to avoid what It was now the turn of the counterpaned lady t
was below that standard, by strictly voidling to dismount, and I thought the feat rather a
the animal attributes, they h bad no ineans of rcmarkihle one bt she minnaged it pretty
(zrr.-eing what was t'u. it, except I,.v exag- well, and rcachte the ground with-ut having
grating what they felt to be the proper atti- greatly disturbed the symmetry of the coun- e
butes of their own race. Hence their gods terpane's folds. Her future mother-in-law, i
were represented under the loftiest and most with some more female friends and connec-
perfect forms that humanity could be supposed tions, were standing at the door, ready to s
to assume; while, on the other hand, guided by welcome her, and, as soon as she advanced, a 1
a fine, artistic sense of beauty, mingled, it may young boy displayed a carpet before her. Upon 1
be, with some mysterious instinct of man's this carpet she knelt at her mother-in-law's i
being created in his Maker's image, they in feet, and remained one moment in a prostrate
return bestowed on their fellow-men that ele- attitude, as if kissing the threshold other new
vated form which they had pronounced the home, and acknowledging her filial duty i
type of the godlike. Thus we find the grand- toward her new mother. I had come with no t
est development of forehead and chin given, feelings of compunction, and rather to assist s
not only to their deities, but to those imner- at a ludicrous scene than at a solemn one. (
sonations of earthly dignity and beauty which, And yet the sight of that young girl, of a i
in tkeir aspiration, not to make less than hu- child entering a new life and prostrating her-
man, they made more. self upon the threshold of it, imploring pity
Norwas their reasoning less consistent when and affection, moved me, and I hastened into
applied to the other features of the face. The the house, where I arrived just in time to see i
moral qualities they disdained for their gods. the mother-in-law raising her daughter in her
Aristotle says: "It would be ridiculous to arms, and kissing her with tenderness. Then i
suppose these celestial beings employed in the young bride was confided to the matron's
making bargains, in restoring deposits, or in hands, the outside door was shut upon her, i
performing any other actions about which the and she was taken into the inner apartments. I
virtue of justice is conversant. There is, if There a new prostration ensued and a new C
possible, still less room among them for cour- embrace, but my heart was hardened against
age. Can it redound to their glory that they melting impulses, and I looked at the second I
encounter dangers manfi4 dly ? Liberality can- representation, wondering why the first had l
not be ascribed to them, unless we suppose made such an impression upon me. I expected
absurdly that they make use of money, or to see the young girl disencumbered from her j
something equivalent. The praise of temper- ample folds, but I was mistaken. Notwith-
ance is beneath those who have not any un- standing the burning temperature of the day, g
ruly passions to restrain. Were we to go she stood wrapped in her manifold veils-her V
through the whole catalogue of virtues, we head, face, neck, and shoulders quite covered ]
should find that they are conversant about ac- -sinking under the weight of her dresses, i
tions totally unworthy of the grandeur and scarfs, ruffles and jewels, in a corner of the
sublimity of the gods." room, sobbing and crying with all her might, .
And while the Greek philosopher, in that The ladies dined, the ladies sung and danced,
spirit of speculation which is grand in its very the ladies chatted and were very noisy. Noti
helplessness, thus argued upon things past so the poor girl, who was silent, and did
finding out, the Greek artist arrived, on sound nothing but cry. She was the topic of the
reasoning of his own, at very similar conclu- conversation; her age, her family, her fortune,
sions. He perceived well that the abstract all that concerned her-to the very kisses she
virtues were but tame inhabitants of the had received that very day from her brothers,
human countenance, and that the animal pas- as stimulus to her courage and fortitude-all
sions were unworthy ones. Art was the only was related, discussed, and repeated many
goddess he worshipped with a pure adoration times; but she seemed scarcely aware of what
-he understood what lay beyond her powers, they said, and took no part whatever in the
and felt what lay beneath them. Thus steer- entertainment.
ing between Scylla and Charybdis-avoiding, Hours succeeded to hours; the day passed
on the one hand, what was below the dignity and evening came, and with the evening the
of man, and, on ahe other, what was incompa- priest, or Imaum, and the ceremony began.
tible with the nature of art-he hasbequeath- The priest was seated upon a carpet spread
ed to us those exquisite but lifeless types of upon the ground, outside the door of the
beauty which, except that of intellect, have no house, between two of his acolytes. When
human expression at all. Nor, however he the moment was come, and all was ready, the
may seem to have narrowed the sphere of his priest changed the sitting posture for the
own operations, was any other but a worse kneeling, invoked the blessing of Allah, and
course open to him. That world of strictly replaced himself in his first attitude. The
human expression, which witnesseth not to bridegroom then appeared, handing a young
the intellect but to the heart, lay as yet un- boyef some ten years old, who carried a sort
revealed in the great ocean of the future, of black paste upon a plate, and handed it to
Even the domestic affections were too little the priest, who put the plate upon the carpet
hallowed in practice to be esteemed worthy at his side, took a bit of the paste, which I
subjects for art-for the Niobe and the Laocoon, learned afterward to be the kewne, and rolled
without dwelling on the fact that the latter it in his fingers till he made a ball of it, mur-
belopgs to the decline of art, represent only during all the while some sort of incantation.
the extreme paroxysms of sorrow and suffer- He then took the hand of the bridegroom, who,
ing. There were in point of fact none of with his extraordinary mate, knelt before
those truly human sympathies which daily re- him, and shut it, as if he wished to show him
joice us in the commonest walks of life for an- how to box; but his intentions were of a much
tique art to expand in. Faith, Hope and more pacific nature. Keeping the ball of
Charity entered not into their creed; and paste on the top of his fore-finger, he intro-
while we know how impossible it was that the duced it into the hand of the young man, and
expression of these Christian virtues should leaving in it the greater part of the paste, he
have illumined their countenances, we may took out a little quantity, spread it upon the
the more marvel at and admire that purity of orifice of the hole formed by the bended
worship among these great Gentiles, which, in fingers; and inclining the thumb upon it, he
respect of art, admitted no expression at all, sealed the whole hand, and seemed satisfied
rather than any of a baser kind. with the result. But fearing, I suppose, that
Following, therefore, this fundamental rule, some unlooked-for circumstance should de-
which the Greek elaborated, however, he was stroy this capital work, he rolled a handker-
limited in developing it, we find that each sex chief many times round the closed hand of

and every age of life has a physiognomy pro- the bridegroom, and did not leave till he had
per to itself, and only to bo rightfully defined ascertained that to unloose it would not be
by its dissimilarity to that of another. Each the affair of an instant. The same operation
has a beauty after its kind, which it belongs was accomplished upon the head of the little
to the true artist to observe, and to the true boy; after which, they both rose up and were
physiognomist to discridifnate. A child's face married, or at least one of them was married,
is unnatural to us which has either the finish-1 not to the other, but to a poor girl, who had
ed features or ripened expression of the adult i taken no part whatever in the ceremony.
-a wom&n's unpleasant to us which has any i What was she doing during this time No-
of the characteristics of the other sex-nay,! thing but what she had done from the begin-
the very action and employment of the face ning of that memorable day-crying, and I
has its appropriate time in the seven ages really felt a great deal of compassion for the
of man," and is out of place elsewhere. Sir 'poor creature. Other people, however, were
Charles Bell, like a true philosopher, has em- Ibetter occupied in the interior of the balamut,
bodied the passion of weeping in a roaring A young girl of twelve and a boy about the
child; Le Brun, absurdly enough, in a middle- same age were preparing the couch for the
Saged gentleman crying in a nightcap, new couple-kneeling, oourtesying and sing-
S[OeUAtiulea nnt wVej ing at every new piece of furniture. Dispos-

ing the mattresses, they made one genuflection;
placing the pillows, they prostrated themselves
ipon the floor; arranging the sheets and
blankets, they crossed their arms upon their
breasts, bowed their heads and sang all the
while. The sight of their movements was
rather pleasing.
At that period I retired, and nobody but
the nearest relatives of the bridegroom re-
mained. But next morning I went, as the
etiquette required, to pay my compliments to
the new couple, and found the face of the
young bride radiant with smiles. I compli-
nented the bridegroom upon the efficacy of
his consoling endeavours, adding that I had
never seen so many tears dried up in such a
short time. "The girl was rather low, yes-
terday, in leaving her old home," answered
the sister-in-law; "but as for tears, it don't
signify; she ought to cry, and ,she did her
part well." And I vowed never, in the future,
to give way to compassion for any crying
young girl, without previously ascertaining it
was not for etiquette and decorum's sake that
he let loose the cataracts of her eyes.


Nxw-YoRK is not yet quite unanimous upon
ho question, What time shall we dine 1 De
Jumey, in the following passage from his
essay, "Dinner, real and 'disputed," brings
he light of history to bear upon the subject.
We entirely coincide in his opinion, that the
proper time to dine is somewhere in the inter-
al which elapses between the business of the
lay and the pleasures of the evening:-
"In the time of Henry VI. the Court dined
at eleven in the forenoon. But even that hour
was considered so shockingly late in the
French Court, that Louis XII. actually hadl
his gray hairs brought down with sorrow to
he grave, by changing his regular hour of
half past nine for eleven, in gallantry to his
youngg English bride. He fell a victim tolate
hours in the forenoon.
In Cromwell's time, they dined at one P. M.
)ne century and a-half back had carried
hem on by two hours. Doubtless, old cooks
and scullions wondered what would come next.
)ur French neighbours were in the same pre-
licament. But they far surpassed us in vene-
ration for the meal. They actually dated
rom it.
Dinner constituted the great era of the day.
L'apres diner is almost the sole date which you
find in the Cardinal de Retz's Memoirs of the
Fronde. Dinner was their Hegira. Dinner
was their line of traversing the ocean of day;
hey crossed the equator when they dined.
)ur English Revolution came next: it made
oome.little difference, we have heard people
say, in Church and State; but its great effects
were perceived at dinner. People now dined
it two. So dined Addison for his last thirty
rears; so dined Pope (who was coeval with
he Revolution) through his entire life. Pre-
cisely as the rebellion of 1745 arose, did peo-
ple (but observe very great people) advance
o four P. M. Philosophers who watch the
semina rerum,' and the first symptoms of
change, had perceived this alteration, singing
in the upper air like a coming storm, some -
ime before.
About ihe year 1740, Pope complains to a
friend, of Lady Suffolk's dining so late as four.
youngg people may bear these things, he uh.
serves, but as to myself, now turned of fifty,
f such things went on, if Lady Suffolk would
adopt such strange hours, he must really ab-
sent himself from Marble Hill. Lady Suffolk
had a right to please herself; he himself loved
her. But if she would persist, all that re-
mained for a decayed poet was respectfully to
cut stick and retire.' Some things advance
continually, like a flood of fire, which always
nake an end of A, eat and digest it, before
they go on to B. Other things advanceper
sltum-they do not silently canter their way
onward, but lie still as a snake after they have
made some notable conquest; then, when un-
observed, they wake themselves up for mis-
chief,' and take a flying bound onwards.
Thus advanced dinner, and by these fits got
nto the territory of evening; and ever as it
made a motion onwards, it found the nation
nore civilized, (else the change would not
have been effected,) and raised them to a still
higher civilization. The next relay on that
line of road, the next repeating frigate, is
Cowper, in his poem en Conversation. He
speaks of four o'clock as still the elegant hour
for dinner-the hour for the la toires and the
lepidi homines. Now, this was written about
1780, or a little earlier; perhaps, therefore,
just one generation after Pope's Lady Suffolk.
But then Cowper was living among the rural
gentry, not in high life; yet, again, Cowper
was nearly connected by blood with the whig
house of Cowper, and acknowledged as a kins-
About twenty-five years after this, we may
take Oxford as a good exponent of the national
advance. As a magnificent body of founda-
tions endowed by kings, and resorted to by the
flower of the national youth, Oxford is always
elegant, and even splendid, in her habits.
Yet, on the other hand, as a grave seat of
learning, and feeling the weight of her posi-
tion in the commonwealth, she is slow to move,
she is inert, as she should be, having the func-
tions of resistance assigned to her against the
popular instinct of movement. Now, in Ox-
ford, about 1804-'5, there was a general move
in the dinner hour. Those colleges whodined
at three, of which there were still several, now
dined at four; those who dined at four, now
translated their hour to five.
These continued good general hours, but
still among the more intellectual orders, till
the battle of Waterloo. After that era, six,
which had been somewhat of a gala hour, was
promoted to the fixed station of dinner-time in
ordinary; and there, perhaps, it will rest
through centuries. For a festal dinner, seven,
eight, nine, ten, have all been in requisition
since then; but we have not heard of any
man's dining later than ten P. M., except in a
single classical instance, (so well remembered
by our father Joe,) of an Irishman, who must
have dined much later than ten, because his
servant protested, when others were enforcing
the dignity of their masters by the lateness of
their dinner hours, that his master dined 'to-

you that if you paint the flower-pot that con-
tains a favorite, beautiful, fragrant flower, the
plant will wither, and perhaps its blossom
will die. You shut out the air and moisture
from passing through the earth to the roots,
and your paint itself is poisonous. Just so,
mere external cultivation, superficial, worldly
accomplishment, or a too exclusive regard and
anxiety for that which injures the soul. The
vase may be ever so beautifully ornamented,
but if you deny the water of life to the flow-
er, it must die. And there are kinds of orna-

mental accomplishments, the very process of
which is as deleterious to the soul as the paint
upon the flower-pot is pernicious to the plant;
whose delicate leaves not only inhale a poi-
sonous atmosphere during your very process
of rendering the exterior more tasteful, but
the whole earth is dried and devoid of nour-
ishment. Nature never paints, but all her
forms of loveliness are a growth, a native cha-
racter, possession and development from the
beginning. If the sun can ever be called a
painter, it is only because the plants absorb
his rays, and receive them into the very tex-
ture and life of their vegetation. So, what-
ever isreal knowledge, wisdom, principle, cha-
racter and life in education, is a process of the
absorption and development of truth, and is
not mere painting.






tioe of T Hos. JOUNA.L is a No. 1T 0FuPti' treet,
opposite Duteh street, betweens iNassa and Wiliam.)
FOR LADIES residing in the upper part of the city, we
*&. as ojtce of publiceion at Mr. Croewen's Bookstore,
9M Broadway, seventh door below Houston street.
FOR LADIES resilding i the loer part of the city, we
have an offic at the Bookstore of C. B. Norton, No. 71
Chtrmbers treet, (Irving H house )
FOR oNNTLUMBN doiwg business in the lower part of
the tity, we have an office at tine Stationery Establishment
of 0. F. Nessitt J' ,C., crneer of Wall and Water streets.
io, FO MRUOHANTS we have an office at the Bookstore
of 0. H. Crosby, No, 88 William street, (baseneet room,
Merchants' Exchange.)
FOR STRANGURa we hAvs an office at No. 2 Astor
House, at the Bookstore of Adrianee, Sherman and Co.
SUBSOCRIPTIONS also received by George DIexter and
Brother, 43 Ann street; by Long and Brother, 43 Ann
street; by Stringer and Townsend, comer of Broadway
and Ann ,street; and by Dewitt and Davenport, Tribune
Buildings, Nassau street.
Dexter and Brother, 43 Ann street, and S. Haock, 38
Asa street, are wholesale agents.
We have a publication office in BoeklyM, at Nevins's
Bookstore, No. 176 Fulton street, (one doorfrom Orange.)
Single eoies may be tobtainted at any of the above-named


Augusta B." We hare not attended to your re.
quest, but will do eo at a very early day.- G. B.'s"
Bubb'es of Fiction hasn't been received J. B. J."
want of time is the reason why we cannot comply with
your request- C. B." We do not know Miss Mit
ford's present admire but letter directed to the ceae of
her publisher. Richard Bently. New Burlington street,
London, would undoubtedly reach her. The Transatlan-
tie Express, No. 16 Wall street, will undertake to deliver
a letter to her, if you decline the mode we have suggested.
-- S. Drake and Co." The work to which you al-
lude was handed to Mr Willis and, we presume, in the
hu-ry of hi, departure he forgot to notice it L or-
rieuO." We fear your article haa been destroyed.


IT is our duty, as well as our sincere plea-
sure, to assist in giving publicity to a scheme
which aims at the rescue of the six thousand
neglected children who infest our streets,
from the inevitable debasement to which
they are there.n exposed. The legislature,
on the petition of R. B. Minturn, Luther
Bradish, Benjamin F. Butler, Judge Edmonds
Judge Duer, Silas C. Herring, F. R Tillou,
Charles O'Connor, James Kelly, and a large
number of other gentlemen of the first respec-
tability, have passed an act for incorporating
the asylum, and made provision for its pecu-
niary support in the following manner. When-
ever the officers of the Asylum shall have
raised, by voluntary subscriptions, or other-
wise, the sum of fifty thousand dollars, the
City of New-York is to place a like sum at their
disposal: so that there will then be a fund of
one hundred thousand dollars, for the pur-
chase of grounds and the erection of buildings
The city is required further to pay forty dol-
lars a year towards the maintenance of every
inmate of the Asylum; and the schools which
may be established in the Asylum for the
instruction of its inmates, shall be entitled to
their proper share in the common school fund.
We add an outline of the plan which has
been marked out for the government of the
institution. The inmates are to be divided
into four grades, according to their character
and conduct. Promotion from a lower grade
to a higher will be among the rewards of
good conduct; and degradation from a higher
to a lower, will be the punishment of those
who persist in ill doing. Other punishments
will be, deprivation of play and solitary con-
finement. The pupils will be required to spend
six hours a day in school, and five hours at
work. The work of the boys will consist in
gardening, tailoring, shoemaking, plaiting of
straw hats, making of brass nails, etc. The
girls will be employed in cooking, washing,
sewing, knitting, etc. Personal cleanliness is
to be most rigidly .nfaor e. No pai i tobe
retained in the institution who, after a fair
trial, is found to be incorrigible. If any parent
desires to place a child at the Asylum, and
S pay for the whole or a part of his maintenance,
he may be admitted at the discretion of the
directors. Pupils may be admitted from any
town in the State, provided the town becomes
responsible for the payment of sixty dollars a
year for each. The corporation of the Asylum
shall have power to bind out its pupils as
apprentices, whenever a suitable opportunity
offers, but shall exercise over a child so ap-
prenticed, the same watchful control as that
which is exercised by an intelligent and con-
scientious parent.
Of the necessity which exists for such an
institution, there cannot be two opinions. The
directors are now engaged, in various ways,
in raising the fifty thousand dollars to which
we have referred, and we urge upon our
readers the duty of contributing liberally
to it, whenever they may be called upon.
There would be no difficulty, we appre-
hend, in procuring a simultaneous collec-
tion in every church in the three cities
Protestant, Catholic and Jewish, for an
object which appeals, as this does, to all
men, as men. No one can have forgotten
the profound sensation which was created by
the report of the Chief of Police, two years
ago. The deep interest then awakened in
the condition of our vagrant children, has not
- subsided, and only needs an opportunity to
manifest itself in corresponding action. The
evil which Mr. Matsell exposed has not, up
to the present hour, been diminished in the
least; but has increased, and is increasing.
At this moment, while we write, there are
scores of girls, under ten years of age, to be
seen in Broadway and the adjacent thorough-
fares, up totheir ankles in mud, splashed from
top to toe, sweeping the crossings, and hold-
ing out their little cold red hands, with an

unnatural eagerness expressed in their pinched
faces, to the passer-by. To transfer these
children from the mire of the streets to cleanly
and comfortable apartments, to rescue them
from the fatal influences by which they are
now surrounded, and to place them under im-
proving moral influences, to save them from a
life of beggary and vice, and secure their in-
struction in arts by which they may live ho-
nestly-are the noble objects of the New-York
Juvenile Asylum. Any of our readers who
may desire to subscribe to the fund, may send
their subscription to either of the gentlemen
named at the beginning of this article.


Precocity, say the English papers, is the
rule in America, not the exception-which is
an absurd exaggeration. Precocity, however,
is more frequent than desirable among our
children. In a late number of the Boston
Post we find some lines, written by a boy of
ten years, which are really very remarkable.
The mother of the juvenile bard introduces
the verses with the following note, addressed
to the editor, our old friend, Col. Greene :-
"Knowing," says the partial mother, "your
taste in such matters, I presume to send you
the following impromptu, written by a son of
mine, a youth of only ten years of age. Be-
fore he knew how to read, he was very fond
of books; not taken, as some children are, by
gaudy plates and unmeaning illustrations, but
fascinated, as it were, by the conviction that
a fund of useful knowledge was before him,
to be hereafter fully understood and appre-
ciated. As I know you to be blessed with fine


C ______________________________________ C C

intelligent children yourself, I fancy you can
somewhat excuse a mother's vanity." (Of
course you can, Colonel!) We append the


Oi that I were a pirate,
Upon a boiling sea !
I know I Should admire it,
Because it is so free.
My waving health requires tt,
It would agree with me;
My batting sout desires it
My business to be.

You can't form any notion,
Not how my spirits flutter,
When I behold the ocean,
And hear the tempest mutter.
And when the lightning beckon,
And when the thunders roll,
It does me good. I reckon,
And goes right to my soul.
I sometimes feel as if
I could ride upon the storm,
And stand most anything,
If it was only %arm.
I are not if I freckle,
I care not though I tan
Is is my fate, I cannot wait
Unt, I am a man.
What boy would stay at home,
And play with bi- pta-shooter,
When he conlii go to roam,
And be a bold ,reebooter?
It is dangerous to the future welfare of the
infantile poet to publish such effusions; mo-
thers should rather burn than print them-
but mothers don't always think so.
Boarding-House Keepers.
Wz observe in the Athenaum a notice
of an American bo',k, which has been some-
what popular here, and which, it appears, has
been republished in London, Woman's
Trials; or, Tales and Sketches from the Life
Around Us," by T. S. Arthur. The review-
er's remarks touch American ladies nearly.
He says :-
This lecture, in the form of a pocket-
story, is designed (if it have a design) to
warn reduced American gentlewomen from
opening boarding-houses as a means of re-es-
tablishing their damaged fortunes. If there
be any logic in such a lesson, the deduction
must be that boarding-house keepers are a
perilled and a Pariah class. But the Ameri-
cans-including those who are neither pur-
posely sinful nor carelessly thoughtless-find
that to live in boarding-houses is better than
to suffer the cares and vicissitudes of house-
keeping in a land where the cook, in defence
of her privileges,' will walk out of Mrs.
Clartssa Packard's house, abandoning a dinner
for eighteen on the fire-and where the house-
maid, sa soon as she bai earned a genteel
equipment for church, lecture or pie-mnio, will
depart, leaving her lady's bower' in no less
perplexing confusion. Seeing, therefore, that
the habit of boarding has arisen and been ac-
cepted to meet the want of a new society-it
would puzzle Zadkiel himself to decide on
what sound principle of education or morals
upright and educated persons are to be warn-
ed particularly from undertaking it. Could
not the author have done the States in gene-
ral, and the class of impoverished gentlewo-
men in particular, better service, by showing
how, in a calling necessary, though not with-
out its temptations, the best virtues of the best
women might find their occupation and their
reward1 Such, at leait, ia our view of the
form which benevolence in authorship should
take-based on those certain principles which
are opposed, widely and firmly, to ciass-teach-
ing and class-denunciation."
Here again we meet with exaggerated state-
ment-a fault which English journalists sel
dom avoid when our country is the theme of
their discourse. There is truth, however, in
the above.
Woman's Rights.
Professor Felton, of Harvard, has been
writing a long and entertaining article upon
that inexhaustible euhject, The Relation of
the Sexes," for the Christian Examiner. We
extract a single paragraph:-
The Rights of Woman' question has as-
sumed a broader range of discussion, and en-
tered upon more comprehensive claims, within
the last few years. In every civil society
there are lady-like men, and gentleman-like
women, who form exceptions to the general
laws of Nature; and it is perfectly right that
they should severally assume the duties for
which Nature, in her exceptional freaks, best
qualified them. A v e..rahl | friend of ours
was once applied to hy a p.litical fiction to
be their candidate for Lieutenant Governor.
He replied, I have the honour to hold the
ffioe of lieutenant-governor at home-and
that is the highest office I have ever aspired to
fill.' An Amazonian advocate of the rights of
women, a few years since, attacked a gentle-
man distinguished for his great intellectual
vigour, but not equally distinguished for
thews and sinews, and challenged him to a tilt
upon her favourite thesis. He began by lay-
ing down what seemed to be a self-evident, or
axiomatic proposition,-' You will admit that
men are superior in physical strength.' I
admit no such thing,' answered the challenger,
and squared off so scientifically, that her op-
ponent-dropped the subject. All these
characters are aptly symbolized by the buxom
lady in that classic of our childhood, Mother
Goose,' whose history was not only rehearsed
in rhythm, but pictorially illustrated. Of a
commanding figure herself she had a little
husband who, though a soldier, was quite un-
equal to her in physical strength. So
'She put him in a pint pot
And there she bade him drum.'
The pretensions of this class of women to a
controlling influence in human affairs are now
urged, not only in the private circle, but in the
public convention and open debate. Theyas-
sere a right to mingle in the political contest,
and to run their chances, wi'h the so called
stronger sex; they claim to be admitted into
the professions, learned and unlearned; and
to hase their full share in all the offices of
honour and dishonour, of profit and lo-s, that
depend on the popular vote. And their pre-
tensions do not stop here. The particular and
most characteristic part of man's attire-that
which by prescriptive right and immemorial
usage has constituted, under various unmen-
tionable names, no small portion of his per-
sonal identity-which was never usurped by
the other sex except as a figure of speech-has
been invaded by an adventurous troop of the
advance guard in the feminine army of re-
form. We fervently hope the hat will go
next. This uncomfortable cone, perched on
the top of the head, and binding the forehead
as painfully as Luke's Iron Crown,' we would
gladly exchange for any one of the myriad
forms of covering under which the shapely
head of woman has been protected."
In another part of his essay the learned
Professor of Greek asserts that, in the pre-
sent age, and in a country like ours, the vast
majority of marriages contracted are happy
ones"-an assertion which will be assented or
objected to by each of his readers, according
to his or her experience.
Impudent Beggars.

--In relation to the impudent beggars
who bore Madame Goldsmidt with begging
letters, the Springfield Republican speaks
"The Northampton Courier says that the
man who asked Jenny Lind for ten thousand
dollars, to save him from bankruptcy, hails
from Belvidere, N. J., and that if it would
not shook his modesty, it would give his name.
The best way to shock such a man's modesty
is to present him with a mechanical combina-
tion of sole and upper leather, on the point of
the toe. We should like to be Mr. Gold-
scmidt about an hour and a-half-we should
-just long enough to flog a dozen such lub-
Jenny and her husband, it seems, leave us
in May, but hopes are expressed that she will
return to America after a short visit to Europe,
and reside permanently at Northampton.
A Tea-Table Story.
Ladies are sovereigns of the tea-table,
and the following story of Johnson concerns
them specially. It is not new-perhaps not
true-but it is avery good story notwithstand-
'At the tea-table,' says Mr. Cumberland,
'Johnson had considerable demands upon his
favourite beverage, and I remember when 'ir
Joshua Reynolds, at my house, reminded him

other form of pulmonary disease.
If his seat should be so fortunately selected
as to escape the irregular currents of air, he
is still exposed to danger-for, after having
been stewed for six hours in a hot house, he
comes out at three o'clock in the afternoon, it
may be exhausted by speaking or writing,
into an air growing chill and damp, as the
sun descends, so that, if there be any predis-
position to irritation of the lungs or throat,
there is danger of its being developed."
We find in the English papers, similar ac-
counts of the new House of Commons. It is
time that architects learned that the first
object to be attained in the erection of a
public building is, utility, and beauty itself,
in art, is only utility perfected. That the
most valuable lives should be hazarded and
abbreviated, for want of an adequate sup-
ply of the air of heaven, is as absurd as it is
Why we have no International Copy-
THE article in the last number of the Edin-
burgh Review, entitled "A few Words upon
International Copyright," will not escape the
attention of any of the opponents of literary
piracy. Why the great international measure
for preventing the wrong, now done systema-
tically to authors, has not been long since
adopted, is thus explained by the reviewer:-
"The invincible army which wields the
pen, and to whose efforts the removal of
almost every abuse may, in the present day,
be traced, has rarely shown for the defence of
its own interests that energy which it has so
often displayed in more unselfish causes. Men8
have written on the Rights of Labour, orthe


that he had drank eleven cups, he replied,
' Sir, I did not count your glasses of wine;
why should you number my cups of tea.'p
And then laughing, in perfect good humour,
he added, Sir, should have released the
lady from any further trouble, if it had not
been fot your remarks; but you have remind-
edl me that I want one of a dozen, and I must
request Mrs. Cumberland to round up my
number.' When he saw the readiness and
complacency with which my wife obeyed his
call, he turned a kind and cheerful look upon
her, and said, 'Madam, I must tell you, for
your comfort, you have escaped much better
than a certain lady did a while ago, upon
whose patience I intruded greatly more than
I have on yours; but the lady asked me for
no other purpose than to make a %any of me,
and set me gabbling to a parcel of people I
knew nothing of; so, madam, I had my re-
venge of her, for I swallowed five-and-twenty
cups of tea, and did not treat her with as many
Johnson was equally potent in wine. He
could drink, he tells us, three bottles of port
without being in the slightest degree affected
by it; but he could forego wine altogether
without the least regret.
Aged Ladies' Home.
The Recorder of this city furnishes
some interesting facts respecting that admi-
rable institution, THE AoGED LADIES' HOME.
We copy a paragraph:-
"In 1814. an association was formed in this
cty for the relief of respectable indigent
aged females,' and, in 1838, an asylum was
erected for its purposes in Twentieth street,
between the Second and Third avenues. By
the payment of fifty dollars, by herself or by
any friends for her benefit, any respectable
indigent old lady of sixty years of age or up-
warts, may secure the advantages of this
asylum for life.
During the last year eighty-six old ladies, of
ages ranging from sixty to one hundred years,
have enjoyed the comforts of this-i quiet, happy
home All their reasonable wants of fo(o,
fire and clothes have been supplied. In sick-
ne's they have had kind nursing and a good
physician, and in death a respectable burial
n each Sabbath, and At times during the
week, they have enjoyed religious ins'ructii n
from ministers of th& different denominations.
Besides the eighty-six inmates of the asylum.
the a-sooiation has had eighty-five out-door
pensioners, to whom food, fuel and clothing
have been supplied, as the case demanded, or
the state of the treasury admitted."
The Recorder, in the name of the managers
of the institution, invites the public, ladies
particularly, to visit the "Home," and see how
pleasantly its inmates are provided for.
A Ring Motto. ..--....
"Wound not the heart whose love
thou art," was the motto on a ring of Mary
Queen of Scots, and now appears as the first
line of a very simple, pretty song, by Lyra
Bard, in the Boston Transcript:-
Wound not the heart wbose love thou art I
Htier hope is round thy beinr twioed !
Then how cnact theo with sorrow bow
The heart that loves, by words unkind?
Wound not the heart, whose love thou art!
She gave love, life and soul for thee !
I would not bleed by word or deed,
The heart that did so much tor me."
Liberality. ....._ ..'
At the recent meeting of the Ladies'
Protestant Orphan Asylum Association of
New-York, the handsome sum of a thousand
dollars was collected. The Asylum contains,
at present, eighteen children, who attend the
public schools.
Aid for Kossuth.
The Ladies of Bangor have raised three
hundred and fourteen dollars for Kossuth.
A Young Murderess.
A girl, twelve years of age, has been
arrested in Pennsylvania, for the murder of
her sister. It appears that the deceased had
threatened to tell her mother that Catharine
had stolen something out of the closet, where-
upon the latter struck her a violent blow, and,
seizing a butcher knife, deliberately cut her
throat from ear to ear. The girl has confess-
ed the deed.
Griee Greenwood ai m tho Stomge.
Grace Greenwood, we are glad to per
ceive, denies, not without indignation, the
rumour that she was about to appear on the
stage. She advises people "to mind their
own business."
Dickens's New Novel.
The first number of "Bleak House" ist
delightful, and the work promises to be of
special interest to the ladies."


Sickness among Members of Congress.
AT a call of the House, a few days ago
sixteen members-out of two hundred and
forty-were excused for absence, on the plea
of indisposition. The same proportion would
give nearly three thousand sick persons in the
city of Washington. It may be that the in-
disposition under which some of the honoura-
ble members laboured, was more an indis-
position of mind than of body; but from the
accounts we occasionally find in the papers, of
the execrable ventilation of the representa-
tives' chamber, we conclude that the majo-
rity ef the indisposed sixteen were bodily,
bos-.fide-ly sick. "The first sensation," says
the Era, "which a man experiences on enter-
ing the hall of the House, is that of an op-
pressive heat; then follows an instinctive
shrinking of the lungs from contact with an
atmosphere which seems to be impregnated
with some irritating deleterious element.
If he move from one part of the hall to
another, and remain quiescent, he will be apt
to find as many currents of air as echoes about
him. With his skin heated almost to the
fever point generally, he may detect a stream
of air, playing upon the top of his head, or
back of his neck, or about his shoulders, or
loins, and before he thinks of taking care of
himself, he has caught a cold, which, from a
repetition of the irritating causes, may lead
to influenza, bronchitis, pneumonia, or some


preached, himself a little black-haired, impu-
dent-looking monkey. Our contemplative
friend looked at us, pointed at the boy, and
then resumed his meditations. "Are there
any monkeys in this house V" I asked the boy.
"Up stairs," was his reply; and up stairs we
went accordingly. The stairs were broad,
and the passages on each floor long and nar-
row, with doors every ten feet. All around
us was the hum of human voices; but the
aspect of the place was indescribably forlorn,
not to say, revolting. We wandered about,
from story to story, for some time, without
meeting with any indication of a monkey's
presence, and it was not till we reached the
very top of the house, that we ascertained, by
a marked change in the flavour of the atmos-
phere, that we were on the right scent. Knock-
ing at one of the doors, a woman, not ill-
looking, with rather a pretty and not very
dirty infant in her arms, presented herself.
Sure of our game, we merely asked Where
are the monkeys ?" She seemed surprised at
the question, but pointed to a door at the
other extremity of the passage, to which we at
once repaired. We knocked, and the door
was opened by an Italian youth. That was
enough,-the mere opening of the door. The
game was our own. The youth could not
understand us, nor we him; and we took
the liberty to enter. I will describe the
apartment, in which we now found ourselves.
You will know its size when I tell you, that
it contained three double bedstevIs, and that
they exactly filled it, except p -very narrow
passage between each. Other aziioles of fur-


Laws of Property, who seemed scarcely aware I
that they themselves possessed the only pro-
perty under the sun which no law protected
from foreign robbery, and that the fruits of
their labour were at ihe mercy of every pirate,
provided the robber was not a fellow-suljat 'i
Even in the present day, writers, whose sile i
object in life seems to be to wage war on un-
equal taxation in every shape, appear quite
unconscious that they belong to the most
heavily taxel class of the community, anrod,
while rebelling against imports on windows
or sugars, tamly submit tu that ecunimulation
of burdens desigusted bV ahu@e-hunter' under
the general name of 'T"xres on Knowledge.'
The first stir in the international copyright
question came from :ho publishers; but the
monstrous iniquity, once p'n,:ed fairly before
the public, can scarcely lad to be done away
with; for it must be said, to the honour of the
present age, that, when thing is once proved
to be unjust, its doom sealedd"
Its doom is sealed; bo' between the sealing
of the doom, and the execution of the sentence,
there has been in the present instance a most
unjust and inconvenient delay.
The Use of Ugliness.
We observe, on the counters of the Broad-
way book-stores, a pamphlet, entitled "Ugli-
ness, and its uses," by "Jak Wonder," which,
we apprehend, is a good humoured "take off"
of a certain very popular discourse on the
"Use of Beauty." We extract one or two of
its good points. One use of ugliness, in the
opinion of Jak Wnnder, ia, that it is "a capital
foil" to beauty itself He asks .-
"Were there no fIat feet, of what use were
a rounded instep 1 Were all hands and cein-
tures fashioned after the same model, what
would become of that ambition that tapers
from a finger, or circles round a waist!1 And
were there no villanyi no vice, no ugliness of
character or dispositton, where would be the
glory and the virtue of those persons whom,
in the politest circles( we hear designated as
the sweet-the cbarming-and the nide!"
Again, says Jak
The salutary effect of Uglineass is to be
observed, I think, not merely in the idle sym-
pathetic, but in the a,'ti' charity it calls into
exercise. Remark, in th'j.. walks of benevo-
lence, where 3ou so ."ft-,n tread, who excites
your sincerest sorrow and feels your largest
bounty. Is it not the beggar of the most
patches and the fewest limbs And is it not
notorious that the most successful clerical
asker of contributions among us, is the one
the least remarkable for the graces of his
persone1 And thus it is, that while little
crimes and little criminals receive but a casual
sympathy from our great philanthropists, the
murderer-the ugliest of the ugly souls-
exvorts tears from stoics, is defended by
S bristling column'vs' in the newspapers, and
makes the hearts of governors bleed."
The champion of Ugliness observes fur-
"The tender babe will reach its tiny fingers
to grasp the nose of deformity, or smooth the
wrinkles of age, with the same tremor of
delight as is witnessed in its toying with
classic features, or a youthful skin. Nay, I
have seen an infant turn from the works of
our best masters, to fondle a bundle of rags,
bearing but a distant and an ugly similitude
to itself. You may call this ignorance; I call
it nature ; and I see in it one of those beauti-
ful lessons which we are ever apt to prate of,
and too little inclined to improve. The babe
and the suckling, a fresh type of something
higher than this earth can offer, a. purity in
the midst of sin, puts its mark upon our heart,
and reads us this truth: To the beautiful
and the joyous soul, even Ugliness has a
The pamphlet concludes with a swelling
parody of a passage in the lecture upon the
"Use of Beauty," which most of our city
readers will recognise:-
"Long may the ugly men live! and when
the time arrives, if arrive it must, which
Heaven forfend! when the glorious Union of
these affiliated States shall be dissolved- when
the North and the South, so long friends and
brothers, shall become aliens in each other's
territory, and strangers at each other's hearths
-when the beauty of many in unity becomes
a wreck and a remembrance-may there be a
few ugly men left, to cheer the gloom that
shall foreshadow the Good Time Coming.'"
"I.', U-ss" is a clever jru di'
esprat, which will amtsei no one mero than
the author it was intended to burlesque.
Henry Gibson.
This venerable man, who had reached
the prime of life when the Declaration of In-
dependence was signed, and who was the last
survivor of Washington's Life Guard, died
last week, and was followed to the grave on
Monday by a long procession of the military
and by a large number of the dignitaries of
New-York and the adjacent cities. On the
18th of February last, he completed his one
hundred and first year. He was born a sub-
ject of George II., fought against the armies
of George IIl., and survived to the fifteenth
year of the reign of his grand-daughter, Vic-
toria. The career of Napoleon began and
ended during his life-time. The ten French
revolutions he read of with the eyes of a con-
temporary. He lived to see the figures which
expressed the original number of the States
of his country, reversed-the thirteen having
become thirty-one. He assisted at sixteen
Presidential elections, and lived through the
reigns of a hundred European sovereigns.
He was an old man when Webster, Clay, Cal-
houn and Benton first went to Washington,
and was still in comparatively good health
when Webster, after forty years of service,
shook him by the hand on the last birth-day
of the Father of his Country. He lived
through nearly Uree generations, and was
followed to the grave by the great grand-
children of the men with whom he fought in
the Revolutionary war. The grand-daughter
of the old hero, we regret to learn, is left by
his death, in destitute circumstances. A sub-
scription is on foot for her relief; and those
who desire to contribute to so worthy an object
may send their subscriptions to Captain Helme,
No. 111 Bowery.
-- Church robberies have been remarka-


we perceive, to appear in characters which I
are less familiar to our play-goers, and in one (
or two which she has never performed in i
New-York. Miss Davenport, as we have .1
before observed, possesses a power of charm-
ing her auditors unsurpassed by any actress 4
of the day.
Fitz-Greene Halleck.
We were delighted to see our old friend,
and New-York's favourite bard, Fitz-Grene
Halleck, on the occasion of his recent visit to
town, looking quite as well ana nearly as
young as he did twenty years ago. Mr.
Halleck has a new volume of poems in the
press, which we hope to find on our table,
sometime in the course of the spring.


WE have received a letter from Mr. Henry
O'Rielly, in relation to an imperfect statement
of his scheme of telegraphic and mail commu-
nication with our territory on the Pacific. We
cannot comply with the request it contains,
better than by publishing his letter entire :-
GENTLEMEa :-Your courtesy will probably pardon me
for asking you to "amend" the kindly notice of my la-
bour-, wllich you inserted among the" personal" items in
your Journal of March 18th.
The proposition to transmit an rtpress Lettr-3tfail be-
tween the Atlantic and Pacific States, across our own
country, in 6ne-half the time now occupied on the best
mail routes (via Central America) between the Miississip-
pi and San Francisco, is only one among several branches
of the pro;it shadowed forth in my memorial to Congress
and the American people.
The title of the pamphlet which contains that memo-
riial, and the accompanying documents, will indicate the
prominent features of my proposal-a proposal which was
approved and adopted in the report published by the
General Committee of the National RBilroed and Tele
graph Convention at St. Louis, Of which senator Douglass
was President, in 1849.
Rehpeotully submitting the memorial and accompany-
ing documents for your consideration, I will close this
communication by pointing to the ttle aeiodicative of the
leading objects of the memorial. Those object- are:-
' A Telegraphic and Letter-Mail Communication between
the Atlanti c and Pacific State, including the protection
of travellers and emnigrants ; the formation and safety of
settlement along the route through tie public domain
and the promotion of amicable relations with the Indians,
through Nebraska, Do-ereta, New Mexico, California and
Oregon-thus incidentally facilitating intercourse across
the American Contineot. between Europe and China,
Hawaii, Australia, the British and Russian Possessions on
the Northwest Coast, and other regions of the Pacific
Hoping that the project may eemn sufficiently important
in your eight to induce an examination of some of its
outlines, I enclose you a copy of the memorial and accom-
panying papers.
With my good wishes for the continued prosperity of
your J.urnal, which has been read, from it, commence-
ment, with much satisfaction at my home," as it is read
in multitudinous "homes" throughout the length and
breadth of our laud,
I remain, respectfully yours, HERYr O'RIeLLY.
The plan by which Mr. O'Reilly proposes
to accomplish these very desirable results, is
briefly stated in the following extract from
his memorial to Congress:-
"The proposition is substantially to the
following effect : That Congress shall pass a
law, providing that, instead of establishing
forts, with hundreds of men, at long intervals
apart, the troops designed for protecting the
route shall be distributed in a manner better
calculated to promote that and other import-
ant objects on the principal route through
the public domain; namely, by stationing
And providing, also, that two or three sol-
diers shall ride daily, each way, from each
stockade, so as to transport a bAILY EXPRESs
at the same time protecting and comforting
the emigrants and settlers; and thus INCI-
sary preliminary for completing the compara-
tively short link of telegraph between Missouri
and California-short, comparatively, as con-
trasted with the seven thousand miles of
telegraph constructed under his arrangements
in the FIRST Division of the Atlantic and
Pacific Telegraph."
The project appears to us to bear the genu-
ine Napoleonic stamp of simplicity and feasi-
bility. We trust it will receive the attention
from government which it merits.



CARLYLE begins his fine essay upon Sir
Walter Scott, with this sentence:-" Ameri-
can Cooper asserts, in one of his books, that
there is an instinctive tendency in men tolook
at any man who has become distinguished;"
and this tendency Mr. Carlyle thinks "most
valuable and indispensable." And this ten-
dency, we may add, drew an audience of
some thousands to see and to hear Theodore
Parker, last week, at the Broadway Taber-
nacle ; for he too has "become distinguished."
The audience was as remarkable as the man
it had come to look at. The "Come-outers"
of every sort-political, religious and social-
were present in force. There was a sprink-
ling of Quakers, of the new school, Dr. Bush,
and several of his congregation, many of the
Universalist and Unitarian clergymen, a strong
detachment of liberal politicians, a Shaker or
two, and a large number of those who still
plod on in what is sometimes lauded, and
sometimes stigmatized, as "the beaten track."
The majority, however, we apprehend, were of
the class who arc alive to the fact that they
live in the nineteenth century.
Theodore Parker is known all over the
country, and in many European circles, as the
daring propounder of novel doctrines in reli-
gion, politics and morals; and we expected
to see in his personal appearance something
corresponding to his reputation-the tempera-
ment enthusiastic, the jet black hair, the
sharpened countenance, the attenuated form,
the rapid utterance, the ardent manner and
the eye in a fine frenzy rolling. On the con-
trary, we found him to be one of the most
sedate and quiet of men, perfectly calm, re-
markably deliberate in his delivery, self-pos-

nical dexterity is not acquired by the Bacrifice r
or subordination of any of his bodily or spirit- c
ual faculties: if, in addition to being a ear- 1
center, he is also a manly, cultivated man. I
As the animal, man, is the flower and epitome a
of all animated nature; so the gentleman is b
the flower and epitome of all that is excellent t
in human society. Before entering upon the (
consideration of the false idea of a gentleman, I
Mr. Parker humorously' premised, that his C
lecture was prepared for thb mineridian of v
Boston, and how far his statements might
accord with the state of things here, the
audience must judge. In Boston, then, there
were three essential elements in the "vulgar i
gentleman." He must have money before all N
things: no matter how acquired, money, plenty
of money, he must have. He must also have
"manners;" they need not be the necessary
graces of a gracious soul; they may be assumed
-donned for the lady, doffed for the washer-
woman-but certain forms of conventional
behaviour he must be master of. Thirdly,
the vulgar gentleman of Boston must be of
the dominant party, both in politics and reli-
gion. No Calvinist, no Democrat, no reformer
was reckoned a gentleman by the vulgar
genteel, in the Unitarian, Whig and Conser-
vative metropolis of Nqw England. In the
development of these ideas, Mr. Parker dis-
played a great deal of excellent wit, and aI
great deal of quiet, telling humour. It would
be uncandid in the most conscientious oppo-
nent of the lecturer's peculiar political and
religious creed, to deny that the general drift
of his discourse was, in a very high degree,
salutary. As one fine sentiment after another,
fell from the speaker's lips, and found cordial
response in the hearts of the assembled mul-
titude, we could not repress a feeling of grati-
tude to the man, or the men, who founded the
institution of the shilling lectures.
We desire to add a word or two upon the
conduct of a part-a very small part--of the
audience. The lecturer happened once or
twice to allude in a jocular manner to one of
the political parties. There was nothing in
his remarks designed to give offence: they
were merely passing, perfectly good-himotired
hits. Some people present thought it incum-
bent upon them to express disapprobation at
these jokes, in the mode practised at the
theatre. We think that is not the way to
treat a stranger and a guest, who had been
invited to impart his own sentiments, not those
of other men. The audience, we need not
say, promptly drowned the disapprobatory
hiss, in a burst bf applause, and the lecturer
improved the brief respite thus afforded, by
drinking, with perfect nonchalance, a glass of



The Ilonie of the Organ Grinders aund
their Monkeys.
FROM the time, Messrs. Editors, when I
used daily to form one in the gaping crowd of
youngsters round a perambulating purveyor
of music for the million, I have had a desire
to know where and ho those useful persons
and their monkey allies live. On the Sunday
before last, in the afternoon, between two of
the heavy showers which washed-not cleans-
ed-our streets on that day, my desire was
gratified. I visited the home of the monkeys
and their masters, and I will tell you what I saw
and heard there. It was bett, I thought, in
exploring the localities where they reside, to
hunt in couples, and, accordingly, I invited
our mutual friend, the editor of the -, to
accompany me.
The neighbourhood of the Five Points-f6r,
alas! it is there that our artists are alone to
be found-is not in any circumstance a plea-
sant neighbourhood; and I assure you a heavy
rain does not improve it. There was mud,
ankle deep, in the streets; mud, slippery mud,
upon the pavements; mud upon the steps that
led into the houses; mud on those that led
down into the reeking cellars,-mud every-
where and on everything. Yet whataswarm
of people! Every window presented an array
of heads, every stoop was crowded, and throngs
of children, ragged and dirty, plump and
ruddy, were playing about our feet, at every
step. I could not but think, that if all the
roofs were taken off the dingy houses, and it
were to rain forty days and forty nights, till
every atom of impurity were swept away with
the resistless flood, what a blessed thing it
would be. As we passed along, I observed a huge
policeman taking to the police office a delicate
motherly-looking woman, my hardened edi-
torial friend observing, "He is showing her
the way home." Another wretched creature
was hurrying along with a piece of disgusting
looking meat under her apron. Another,
with a child in her arms was buying a stick
of candy for it, at a dirty apple-stand, planted
in the universal mud. The people generally
seemed to be cheerfully enjoying their Sun-
day afternoon, and I saw no drunken person
in the neighbourhood.
The house we were in search of, proved to
be a brick, four-story structure, and, like all
its neighbours, seemed swarming and burst-
ing with human life. Half a dozen steps led
to the open front floor, which were covered
with dirty people-men, women and children
-all foreigners, and jabbering in unknown
tongues. The ascent was not inviting. We
crowded through, however, and gained the
passage, which was long, dark, dismal, damp,
dirty, and utterly devoid of any article of
furniture. Addressing an Italian, who was
leaning against the wall, in a contemplative
attitude, my companion went at once to the
heart of the matter, and said, "Is this the
house where the monkeys are kept ." Instead
of replying, he turned to two boys who were
scuffling at the further end of the passage
and shouted, "Giac." The boys finished their
scuffle at their leisure, and then "Giac" ap-

niture there were and could be none. The
ceiling could be easily reached by the hand.
T'he walls were of a yellowish black, and oh !
how reekingy filthy. The beds were "un-
nade," and covered with a mass of execrable
bed-clotheS. I judged from their appearance,
that three persons slept in each, making ninbe
occupants for a room about as large is .
humane man Appropriates to the use of a dog.
One small window-closed, although the day
was warm-plastered with dirt, admitted a
sickly light into the apartment. An oder of
condensed menagerie pervaded the room, which
was almost too much for us. On a shelf, over
one of the beds there was an organ, covered
with green baize; but excepting the un-human
smell, there was no sign of the presence of
By the time we had completed our survey,
a young man, with a sunny Italian counte-
nance, entered, followed by a woman, who,
with ourselves, quite filled the room. This
sunny Italian, we proceeded without delay to
pump with vigour. "Do you live here ?" I
asked. "Yes, this is my room." "Is that
your organ ." "Yes, that is mine." "Have
you a monkey also !" "I have a monkey, but
I cannot sell him under thirty fie dollars hb
is worththirty-five." "Where are the monkeys
kept V" "There they are," he replied, point-
ing to half a dozen boxes, about a foot high
and eight inches broad, with a hole in the
top, about the size of a dollar, which stood in
the fire-place. These boxes had escaped our
attention in the darkness of the room. To
convince ua that they really contained som4-
thing alive, he kicked a few of the bhxes, and
a subdued, pitiful squeal issuing from them,
confirmed his assertion. Here are some
more," he said, opening a little door, which
formed half of the fire-place into a closet. Two
monkeys immediately jumped out, but were
ordered back by the man, and they obeyed
the order at once. Are there any more
monkeys in this house ." my friend asked.
"Oh, yes, plenty; some in that room, some In
that, some down stairs."' "How many alto-
gether-a hundred." "No, hot a hundred;
perhaps fifty; there will be more next week,
for the men are coming back from the South."
"Do they go to the South every winter V'
"Yes, and the monkeys get fat at the South."
"What do you give the monkeys to eat V
" Oh, they eat most anything." "And they
are worth thirty-five dollars a-piece 1" Mine
is worth that, he is very good and strong; he
can climb up to the top of a houte by the
water-pipe; he can open the door, and do
everything." "Where do the monkeys come
from V" '-Well, I don't knbw *here they
come from at first, but some one told me they
get them at Boston, or somewhere around
there." How much do you earn in a day V"
At this question, his face e'rightied, and hb
answered with great in;nialiiun, "' Yesterday,
I got a dollar by four o'clock in the afternoon."
"Do you get a dollar every day 1." "No, not
every day; sometimes half, three quarters, a
dollar sometimes; sometimes it rains; some-
times it is very cold, and then I don't get
much." "Is the organ your own !" Yes."
" Is there not some one who hires out organs
and monkeys, by the day!" "I believe not;
all of us here have our own."' "How many
persons sleep in this room I''" "Sometimes
five or six, sometimes more." "How much
do you pay for your share V" "Three dollars
and a-half." "A week !" "No, a month.'"
How long have you been in America ." "About
a year." "Do you like the country '!" "Oh,
yes, first-rate, it is a very fine country."
"Where did you come from !" "I came from
Italy, but I speak French, too."
By this time we had borne the atmosphere
of the place as long as we could, nid I opetibed
the door. My companion ote.r"ed the man h
piece of money, which 4e refused, nor could we
prevail upon him to accept it. He appeared
to consider us in the light of guests, and
seemed very desirous to entertain us hospita-
bly. As we were going, he said, "There ia a
monkey in the next room worth a hundred
dollars, a very fine fellow; would you like to
see him V" Without waiting for an answer
he opened the door to whidh he referred, and
in a moment we found ourselves spectators
of another strange scene.
The apartment which we had now entered
was just double the size of the noisome den we
had left, equally filthy, and equally offen-
sive. A large cooking stove was blaming away
on one side, and on the opposite side was a
huge pile of unspeakable bed-clothes. On a
miserable old rickety shelf, behind the stove,
were a number of excessively dirty pitchers,
cups, pots and pans. The inventory of furni-
ture comprised the following articles: one
large, dirty, pine table, and about a dizen
(empty) monkey boxes. The room was lite-
rally full of people. Nine or ten men were
seated on the boxes round the table playing
cards. A woman was lying on the floor, in a
corner, fast asleep. A man-apparently an
Irishman-was sprawling upon the bed-clothes
in a drunken sleep. Two or three more men
were standing about the stove, and when we
entered with our train from the other room,
we were about as thick as people coming out
of church. In one of the corners, the very
superior monkey which we had been invited
to see, was chained, and moving about, as far
as his chain permitted, incessantly. He was
about double the size of the monkeys we
usually see in the streets, and about twice as
ugly. As we entered, the card-players rose,
and every one in the room, except the sleepers,
gathered about us. A few words from our
sunny friend, addressed to one of the men,
explained the object of our visit, and he pro-
ceeded forthwith to unchain the semi-baboon
in the corner, and to "put him through all
his motions."
We tried to get further information from
this man, concerning his way of life, but he
seemed unable to furnish any. He said, how-

sessed, temperate, sparing of gesture, as un-
oratorical as Webster, and as unimpassioned
as Everitt. Mr. Parker is slightly below the
average height. He has a well-set, vigorous
frame, which study has not wasted, nor ease
rendered portly. His head is of the type so
common in Massachusetts-not towering aloft,
like that of the "long-headed Scotch," but
round, and broadly developed. His fine arched
forehead swells upward, and loses itself in
that bald dome where, as the phrenologists
assert, the organ of reverence is placed, to
peal forth ceaseless anthems to the Creator's
praise. The lower part of the countenance is
full, which, as the same philosophers declare,
indicates the possession of those traits which
fit a man to be a successful combatant on this
arena of earth. Except in the gravity of his
demeanour, there is nothing in the appearance
of Theodore Parker to mark the clergyman.
The traditional white cravat he discards, and
he wears a frock-coat, buttoned, the buline of
which alone is clerical. The general impres-
sion, from his aspect, is, that a serene,
kindly, prosperous Bostonian gentleman stands
beobr e you.
The subject of the lecture was, "The True
and False Ideas of a' Gentleman." A gentle-
man was defined to be a man whose nature is
harmoniously developed. For example, Nean-
der, though the mo-t expert of theologians,
could not find his way from his home to his
lecture-room without assistance : he was not
harmoniously developed, one part of his nature
being cultivated at the expense of other parts:
his manhood was subordinate to his professor-
hood, and he was, scientifically speaking, as
much a "monster" as Daniel Lambert. A
carpenter may be a gentleman, if his meeha-

bly frequent and daring this winter in Scot-
land. The thieves, in some instances, have
made a clean sweep of it, carrying off bibles,
hymn books, sacra'menital plate, cushions, and
in one instance, the hands of the church
clock. This is a strange feature of Scottish
intelligence, Scotland pluming itself upon be-
ing the most religious of countries.
Never despair.
Tn- use of beauty," as regards the
following beautiful lines, is to cut them out
and paste them where you are wont to repair
in mournful moments. When tempted to
despair-as the strongest of us are sometimes
-read them over, and "take heart again :"-
The opal hued animany perfumed Morn
Fr,.m gloom i] -o,-n.
From oui IEt -ullen dpie .-f eben Night
The itars e$h1 l, t h ,-
Gems inI re ravyle, .*- rn, nr the earth
Have their slow birth;
From wondrous alehymy of winter hours
Come summer flowers;
The bitter waters of the restless main
Give gentle rain;
The fading bloom end dry seed bring once more
The year'Refreh store;
Just sequence of clashing tones afford
The full accord;
Through weary ages, lull of strife and ruth,
Thought reaches truth;
Through efforts long in vain, prophetic need
Begets the deed;
Nerve, then, thysoul with direst need to cope ;
Life's brightest hope
Lien latent in fate's deadliest lair-
Never despair.
We must not omit to mention that we and
the reader are indebted for the above to Dick-
ens's Household Words.
liss Davenport.
This lady appeared at Brougham's, on
Monday evening, as Julia, in the Hunchback,
and performed that hackneyed part with all
her wanted truth and spirit. Sheis announced,

ever, that the business was getting very bad ;
formerly they used to make plenty of money,
but now, so many had gone into it, that it
was as much as they could do to get their
living. My companion, with genuine editorial
instinct, wished particularly to ascertain the
number of wandering musicians there are in
the country, and the sum of money annually
given to them;, but our inquiries on this point
were nearly fruitless. From their replies to
our numerous questions, I conjecture that
there are, in the immediate vicinity of that
house, somewhere about a hundred and fifty
persons engaged in this business, and that
they earn, on an average, throughout the
year, about fifty cents a day, of which they
can save, if they choose, one-half. All the
men whom we saw, were under thirty years
of age, and all seemed to be enjoying life as
well as the most fortunate of our population.
What appeared to me very remarkable was,
that notwithstanding the loathsome hole in
which they slept-five or six men, and five or
six monkeys, in one small, low garret-room-
they were all brown and ruddy with health.
While on our way thither, we had seen,
through the plate glass of stately mansions,
many pale faces, overspread with Sunday
languor, peering vaeantly into the street.
We thanked the company for their politeness,
and found our way, in safety, to the quagmire
streets, and, as Mr. Pepys often observed,
"so home."
Thus, my long-cherished curiosity was gra-
tified, and I have no longer to number among
my unrealized 4esires, a visit to the organ-
grinders' home. Yours ever, CuxRessV.

_____ '.......... .._.. .... .... .. ._.....___I________I__[_11___ilIIIII_. ....._IIIIII_ IIII



LoneDO, Ma
Thu third month of the ye
the simultaneous clearing o
the French plays, and public
ne* Ministry. The "West End
a year, has seemed gloomy an
Nming an air of gayety. Re
artery of the quasi ter-a week
ray of toilettes and flauntin
tendance of intense plush
Shopping has taken down i
smiling face. Tradesmen hav
most invitingly. The music
brightest viguettee to attra
sidewalks abound with tripping
sunshine (over which a Lond
then obtrude itself, despite t
interruptedly fine) is
,the dramnatio niovelty of th
duction, at the IHaymarket, o
ttmental school, entitled
pen of rli, i Vaao.ineuhoff. It
as plhh,,' o is con
disposed to lunge at its con
foils. The story is simple,
language, when it quits th
place sentiment, is eloquen
sioned The heroine is a bli
mind a beautiful th
"I only know t
When tears fal
the hero, a young sculptor,
van, a bad mannered version
with the brilliant critic of
analysis of the piece, remar
hinted at thin evolved." Th
in the dramatic developeme
about abruptly, or prolonge
summation, while here and
the hackneyed stsge-posi
The little drawing-room b
Janies, (which was opened
at the termination of Rahlhe
in the flower of public favou
a select company if artistes
most prominent of whom ar
Dejayet is the same saucy, sp
ever, being "the expectat
evening" Lafont stands alon
is quoted as a model of st
B.tlfe's new opera, now in
entitled "The Sicilian Brid
Manvers, Drayton (an Amer
Miss Crichton all have "' par
latter lady, her ddbut at Dr
a great sensation in musical
Royal Academy, plsseesing a
+oise, which she manages wi
musical critic of thl Tifes,
appearance, observed, "Mis
drawbacks of inexperience an
a degree, whieh,since thli
I147; has had no parallel on
Her voice, though apparently
ter, is one of extraordinary
exquisite freshness. It i
flexibility, and in passages
through the bonds of timidi
out all its strength, surpr
The possession of true feeli
Miss Criebton sings- and her
times, so earnest, that the
it the truthful passion of he
ing correctness of her into
Her e,-,. is mellow and
vocalizeas admirably, and po
luatrarely found in our Eng
sin is insensibility. She wi
ratic singers
Among other successful.Lo
that of Miss Sarah Lyons,
honours, at the Royal Olymp
is a pupil of Mrs. W. West, ti
of Drury Lane in the daysof
a decided impression in the
it with a pathos and tendern
could equal.
hose extraordinary child
very incarnation of dramatic
ing to fashionable audience
the latter place the perform
ageof the Earl and Countes
quite fascinated with the tal
The joyous, easy, delightful
won for them hosts of admire
and in Bath, sumptuous reuni
t_.tten up in compliment t
afforded a select circle of
they have received a vast de
sy wherever they have perfo
evidence of the esteem in w
tol they caused a wonderful
been more fully and fashion
been for several years. A Bri
gyric of their marvellous ab
Macready honoured this city
we have not seen our theater
company so exclusive, as ha
the Bstemans. They merit a
tion bestowed on
Charles Dickens's new work-
just appeared-' Bleak House
of the book-shop windows.
greEt au1Lor--i .i s who ha
of tEo1e M 1, l3 i. r, ce of th
pass both '" Dombey" and Co
ly-wronght interest and dr
however, remains to be told
rial still lies unawrought in
not be premature in h
Howard Paul, a young Amer
resided in England, has been
firm in Paternoster Row, to
American character, in the S
tions of which are to be exe
John Leech, the clev
Mr. Silsbee, the American
withdrawn from the Adelphi
at Liverpool, where hlie has c
that produced by him in Lon
perform his drolleries in E
and Manchester, after which
ket, to appear in a piece
Charles Kean, the most e
manager at present in the
King John in a style of un
fidelity of mounting, and co
in the same manner that cha
the same play at th
Douglas Jerrold. from som
drawn from the Guild
W. A. Hoeber, Esq., late
gently of California, is lec
Mrs. Nisbett thinks of visi
in 1858. Respectful


...... Tho National Intelli'
gentleman, in Virginia, remi
for his fiftieth year's subscri
...... The expense of car
the city @f New-York is ten
costs half as much to get the
our thirty-
....The number of person
States by railroad accidents,
number who travelled upon r
deed th
......On a plot of ground,
hunirtsI nd 'Isl feet in fr
oneahundred and forty family
...... The Legislature of
propriation of ten thousand
bronze statue of General Jac

New Or
...... An enlightened agricu
that the best way to make
poke 'em with
...... A committee of the New-
an investigation into the
Court, have reported that th
half of dollars now held in
owners of nearly a million
....* Goupil and Co. have p
painting of Napoleon after
will shortly exhibit it at
...... In the State of Indiana
dred churches. Of the pop
church-member; and one in s
...... Phe great wooden railro
Y., will require for its con
acres of timber, and th
... *There are now two hu
pupils in Girard College, a
hundred and forty-two are n
the remainder of other
...... Guillaume Henri Talbot
feesor of the French language
vantage of speaking and wri
His rooms are at 577 Broadwa
French language may be pr
made for lessons. See his
...... We call attention to t
and Mrs. Nichols, in another
new hydropathic establish
ready for occupancy on the fi
rsilled ido,,Ltrnr. to patients.
f)rm a & l ,is if .. ij, g ladies
oure system and kindr
.. John D. Vo e, Esq., t
mirth-provoking neighbour, t
his interesting work, styled
of a Broadway Dandy," to the
Bunnell nd Price, 121 Fult
will be published in a few days
well illustrated. Its conten
esses, b-.- t .' i t..- .- ,ii .t : t
doubt "ut hliat l .t11 ,l
beautiful gold lever hunting

beautifully enamelled, which
seated by Mayor Kingaland
acknowledgement of thegratif
and his family from a visit
curious spri
We have seen this handsome
giving, there was something
It characterizes the gift,
and goodness eof heart. Tthe
joined to retain the watch fo
cost, for," said the Mayqr,
gence breaks its fetters, I s
Dame and this visit with its
dren do marvellously win up
in them.-Commer
...... The A.tec children
audiences. The interest in th
they become more widely known.
National Intelligencer thus c
Whatever the doctors may s
now perfectly demonstrated
and are the descendants of s
Assyria; and enough is also
able and wicked despotism of
ting all their own people in,
out ot their beautiful city,
c.-r ,,-.rr.m. frn-" the e
princrples :'"


...... Of the mechanics of
dred are unable t
....... The expedition now i.
government for the search af
consist of four vessels, two
The captains have already
Portsmouth. All hauds recei
they leave the Thames till t
*...... On hundred and fifty.
Louis Ie Grand, Paris, have
quence of a revolt which rec
on the subject of some punish
quet of Ch
...... One clause of the beer bi
Parliament provides, that n
liquor drunk on the premis
....... A large portion o.
mar School hao been rebuilt
dates upon the bosses of the
of the history of this ancie
886;"-" Restored in 1100 ;-"
and Extend
...... The Crystal Palace is t
materials sold at a
.. A Liverpool paper says
American swamps, forests an
offered for sale in our mar
the Cunard line that arrives
of American partridges, as l
and canvas-back ducks, whi
*...* AlssIOAM Liti;Atu
is rising in literary greatest
spirit of progressive enlIght
and the motto blazoned in th
the nation is, EXCELsiO e
public with cheap and unfet
puMhic schools that brings
within the limits of the hum
naturally have a co-existent
gence, which other nations w
possess. We have long been
Cooper, Irvjig and Bryant;
we have been made acquai
Paul's American Magazine,
works of his countrymen) wi
forts of Edgar A. Poe, the
thorne.s, the playful fancy of
ful melodies of Morris. and t
of Grace Greenwood, the sist
Clara Moreton. The works
tributed to increase our alr
remarkable freshness and vigo
developing itself in the Uni
joyous friendliness that we rec
of the young country to a place
tions of this era. Mr. Howa
triotic mission, and let hitin
judgement by placing before
through the columns of his
the genius of American aut
formed a great national work
respect of the Anglo-Saxon r
broad Atlantic.-Lo


...... I"xion, and otherPo
One of Tioknor and Co.'s nea
paper and binding of which,
invite and conciliate noti
instance we have two elabora
after having a vein of poetic
as the author acknowledges
taste is obviously classic, a
apt and suggestive ideas in
sale by Evans and Brittan, c
...... .Littell's Living Ag.Deita..
The four hundred and ninth
serial contains John JsyLs
authorship of "Washington's
confuting, as we think, the
in behalf of his illustrious
admirable story from the Ge
...... The World Here a........
is the title of a new number
series of books issued in Put
to which we have already gi
praise. It is made up of th
travelling sketches which h
hold Words" of Dickens; a
with charming information a
...... "Hood's Own." Putna
aitLoughl iiiitraSl .l editio
of bhamonr in flhs English l
muscles in fall play; and is
istin and suc
....... Biographical aud CrtaDco yf..
ers, Engravers, SculptorsanA
grams, Ciphers and Marks us
to certify their works." B
New-York: Putnam. We have
valuable work, and merely o
to its fifth number, which c
pages of highly interesting
similes of the Monograms, etc
The number contains, amon
elaborate memoir of the e
...... .. The Plough : &a M... .oR....
fairs." Solon Robinson, E
Sexton, 152 Fulton street,
magazine of seventy pages, il
a year. The editor has had
agriculturist, and his magazi
ally of the practical farme
tains an article on the new
illustrated by nu
. . .....The Lives of M.
Sarah B. Judson; with a B
Emily C Jadson, Missionaries
by Arabella W. Stuart. Aub
volume, as its title imports,
three distinguished ladies
Dr. Judeon the toils and plea
It is well written, and will
class of persons who cherish
ions. The life of our old f
tributor, Fanny Forrester,
the information furnished,
especially as it embodies s
compositions. The volume i
...... ..Th Head of the
i others. This is a capitally-
domestic life, by one accus
vidual observation, and to
life, and the workings of th
a welcome addition to the lon
of fiction so regularly issued
i present dearth of interest
impatiently expecting the
beginning of Diekens's ne
Family" comes very apropo
" Olive," and The Ogilvies,
noble sentiment, "learn to
cating the wisdom of unco
...... The History of Pal
Boston: Gould and Lincoln
is well-known, both here and

pular pictorial works A l
writer, he uses his talents
tact and enterprise for the
ginally began to supply a
teachers, it expanded under h
plete form, and now constit
moAt instructive history of P
geography, customs and inst
from the time of the Patriar
the young Biblical student it
the general reader very sug
...... Richardson's ArctiExeton-...
Brothers. It requires no ar
open a fresh volume devoted
Arctic region. Dr. Kane's
opened new vistas in this pr
at once to the lover of adven
It is a seasonable publicati
tion in search of Sir John
is yet filled with the details
recently returned American
that Mr. Grinnell Is about
authentic, interesting, full
ardson will, therefore,
...... "Essays from the Lond
and Co. The convenient siz
cheapness of this volume, wh
a popular series, will gain
large class of by-the-way r
It is also a capital selection,
which are all interesting ana
as a remarkable illustration
the newspaper press-its spir
intelligence. Here we have y
other familiar characters, d
completeness. It is just the
a car, on board a steamboat,
...... "Men and Women oft Ei enh...
is the title of two exquisi
bound volumes just published
who is unrivalled in the tast
are issued from the press.
translationfrom Ardkne Hou
liant French writers of the d
nating books we have ever me
fascinating In Its treatment;
the gay, sparkling, giddy, do


Proverb 49. Moderation
kill yourself
It was the remark of an
who drinks wine must nece
thoughts than he who drinks
ers of the muses, in all ag
maxim, and to have offered
shrine of Bacchus. Whether
always corresponded to the
well be doubted ; but the bea
genius, when confestedly un
furnish sufficient proof of it
ing the fancy, and raising t
which enables it to create a
forth its conceptions in the
ous strains. Nil mortal lo
nation of Horace in one of hi
No mortal sound shall s
The venturous the
But. warmed by thee, the
When vine-crowned Ba
What can his vo
FaaNoIS'S HoRA e
It is in this vehement enthu
that the fascination, and i
danger of wine, to all perso
lity, consist, for with them
sway, and the most marked a
and gloom are a
Dearly bought th
Finer feeling
Chords that vibrate
Thrill the deep
As the delirium of intoxica
heighten and prolong its infl
portion to the strength and d
the degree of depression tha
ell. ;.-, 7 *'*transporting vis
i. "- ,.'s the propensity t
bliss, by a repetition of the
if not resisted in the begin
firmed habit. It is, however
as with the other pleasures o
freely, tiey lose their swe
ways relished most by those
command to use them in mode
at intervals, amid the more
By a glance at the conten
ground, it will hbe seen, is c
ner. We recommend it with
"d.d hast b lon

ed France In the eighrteent
all the philosophy; in fact,
seemed directed to the brea
whose destruction covered
known as the French Revol
which so completely reproduc
in the midst of this socise
biographical sketches, consist
phers, actresses, kings and
charm of romance and all
readers will meet many name
liar; but familiar only by n
novels were but a few years
French wastaught; Priv6st,
scant ;" Mauvaux, whose "Ma
the profane but witty poetl;
Naturalist; Diderot, the ph
cal composer, of whose some
now even known by name;
painters par excellence of
marge, the danseuse ; Clai
Madame de Pompadour, who
and whose portrait, with that
engraved, decorates the t
travestied Homer, a
........" Hand-Bok .of WinesPatclThoeil
and Historical ; with a descr
Liqueurs." By Thomas McM
Appleton and Co. In prepare
len, who, by his long practice
for the task, had two objec
many calls for information
the other to put into the ha
sumer a volume which might
in future transactions. ohes
has fully accomplished. Alt
jects treated of are thorough
and attractive style. Though
scientific treatise, the graces
and poetry, selected with a r
ders the subject really int
reader. As a specimen of its
we transfer a few extracts
noisseur in wines will appre
upon ta
"As taste and smell reside n
but in the senses by which
are liable to be modified by
these organs The difference
subject is proverbial; and
doubtedly proceeds from the
been exercised. Thus. strong
Sand disqualify it for the p
fisvocrs of the lighter win
to bad or ordinary wines wil
estimate of the higher grade
the preference to the former
casionally misled by this pr
rives at the end of his jour
thirst, will ba apt to ascrib
to the first ordinary wine p
other circumstances, he pe
dured; and a continued use
country may lead him to ove
The tase is the criterion
formed; but a taste in wine,
is a rare gift; the mere pow
one obvious flavour and an
Some persons have no taste a
their own deficiency. The l
of these, being eingularI, in
Many circumstances combine t
the particular impression on
teration by the state of the
substance taken into the mout
The bon.vivant will not hes
Proverb 34. Good wine
liquefied velvet."
1" In good wine no one of its
dominant but the whole ou
a perfect blend, having its d
which should be full and enti
nor leaving any unpleasant
verses may be received as c
description of the qualities
more delic
"Give me the wine
That's mellow,
Th.t's clearer than
Bright as Fra
That sparkles in
That, brisk an
Whose flavour in
The skilled ton
No nauseous bitter
It lits the h
Like balmy airs
It softens
Healthfully flows
Strength floats
It stays not one
Which men do
Far frkaway! t
Of Achelo
Qrrnt me what lil
On earth this
Proverb 21. C'.jirfrj isV4
more execrable if I n n i x
Proverb 48. Love loves ne
Cupid and Champagne may
"A fountain bri
Sparkles into
Bright as morn
Chasing every s
Sweet scented come
Brisk tasted comes
Bright creamy foam
Sweet joys with man
The crystal juice o
Of hidden thought
All grief and ko
For man is blessed
tlr.ierP) 7 F,.I T e 'ii, a
ol.s i aod bnuet be e.'
f t..- tflrt ir o, if W sr or
nated bouquet, is unknown i
and is found to perfection o
wines of the first class; f
during fermentation, and from
soil; it is rarely perceive
Flavour, as commonly under
is thl taste any particular
ficially or not and will de
meant in the vat. It is not
brandy, which, on the cont
cause in some cases. Bouquet
purest wine; it is not a s
bouquet from this circumsta
a union ofseveral agreeab
destroy it. Thus Sheiry. Ma
wines, although possessing
little or
Proverb 78. Value wine,
The luscious wines keep l
as Madeira, Sherry, and othe
for a long term. But this en
that wine, at the extreme point
highest perfection; for, on
can only be rationally used
the fitness of wine lor dui
which isarrived at maturity,
plain wine not yet arrived at
qualities for use. Age in w
turity is no virtue, although
As in human beings it does
though it may
"1 ART OF Dai
Proverb 68. The bottle is
like a ge
Proverb 08. Of all who ta
The true enjoyer of wine
spirits, increase the memory,
he be something of a wit, it
of good sayings and lively
of relaxation from thought,
'to sit awhile, This cheerful
better qualities, as with th
sunbeam of the sky.' He mak
conversation, and when he
thinks its keenest edge and b
table to mingle with beauty,
sparkle of more attractive
to bask in 'the purple ligh
stroy good wine, by taking it
freshcto the palate, is a d
the refinem9et in animal e
taking rather less than eno
least with an appetite, is
mands and sensualists may de
rational being, as well as tha
v-..nt By this we preser
lT. it. ith full flavour of the
rose deadens upon the sense a
it is with wine, and with
learn how we may, in the tr
enioy the pleasures by whi
who has given ua the things e
From Chap

From a variety of Coasters,
leeted the above for engravin
a style in most general de
eminently serviTceable-the d
ornamental to meet the requi
one that requires but little
requisite in articles of the
all experience


To please those of our reader
a fancy for so-called oldi fash
to those of more umoilero it
above,aLiquor-Staad. h.b-di a
glas Decanters. It a'lraclu' o
vIurable contrast IL pre.sint
weak patterns lately ff.rre
solidity and endurance that
plate of our ancestors, whi
to generation, and the decor
ders it desirable as an orname
The quality of the plate is
which they are offered is bel
ly made ones which would se
tse of a


The Lectures will take pla
Tuesday, Thursday, and Satur
An Entertainment to LADIn
Tuesday and Saturday afte
Admission 25 cents. Child

thick Treatment in Health
tive and practical work, des
and i,. :., Illustratei
Joel ci.- ', M 12imo. 43
W ashir t. ..''. i1
"4 Of ,"* ',. .. 1-,* 11r *, .,v'Lu
we do ... t, ,-t i,. ., t,
be of the widest usefulness
sound judgment and skill a
to the health of the commui

SRemoval of the PARIS
"lr ..,l... i ,.l.5e on
,,'rL-., r'.r. f'> lin announce -
rium from its present location,
and commodious premises, NO. ,' 1
It-,.. '1 c... o.f.. ctnconf ar
v.c' t ,i..i ,-. .-.n of the
r,..,r- I.r.,' 1 1,, t m iis openi
,\ r.- ..e-i si collection
portation and manufacture, s
ness and style, to the produ
tion. A Shawl Department is
ble connection' v .111 ,1 ii.,m-
periutendence ci ,"r 1 II '
connected with it,' L-,.,aI. I,
A. T. Stewart & Co. and Ja
known taste and judgment in
,i pi !- a i.i' O. a o- :,.t ,rt .,l .i
,,. -. GE.OI bL LPIN, P .. '
mh271m*d No. 31-

TON, in consequence of th
rivalled popularity of their
their business, and opened
605, where we shall constant
Piano-Fortes, from 6O to 71
with all the latest improve
continue to keep a full asso
manufactory and ware-roomN
Piano-Fortes of our manufac
Professors amateurs, and
chasiig, arerespeetfully inv
orders from the oily or cou

--- -- -



HENRY CLAY will be seventy-
The health of the veteran s
The Howard Athenaeuam
the occasion of LOLA MONTSS'
There were but few ladies
ed with storms of applause a
the Boston papers.- Mrs.
married to an English gentl
nor is abe about to retire f
mour that CHARLMS DIOaS ia
date for Parliament, we
DicKslKso*, who gave reading
weeks since, has appeared on
cording to the papers, with
port that Senator SVntmn wa
a young and beautiful heires
tatively contradicted by th
Retrospect of American Lit
Review, is said to be written
- A son of Madame MALIRN
Paris as a pianist.-- KOSSHu
from New Orleans, to visit B
England, about the middle o
formerly editor of the Couri
ducting a daily paper at N
- At the last assembly gi
the diplomatic corps were p
Minister; and at a ball giv
sador at Naples, on the bi
foreign resident of distinction
the representative of Austria
been sentenced to fifteen yea
for inducing and assisting
Dr. COOLIT, now in his eight
East Granville, Mass., for fifth
duties without the assistant
Ann LETCRAFT, one of the ori
this city, and the oldest me
in the United fStates, died re
- The venerable Bishop HI s
Methodist Episcopal Church,
infirmities of age. His phys
cannot long survive.- Mrs
cident, last week, at Bosto
back, when her horse became
Mrs. MOWATT was very severe
her ribs broken. She was ex
April-- A young lady, ca
made her debut successfully
Times, of that city, says:-"
age, and her voice lacks vo
has an extensive compass, and
the higher notes."-- JAMsi
come one of the propriet
- CHARLES KINE whi.w P Is .
the Charleston Courier, du-aw
THILLON is drawing crowds to
own at present, and she rea
The widow ofWBnst, the comp
died lately atDresden.- -MrL
urged by the Earl of Derby t
ship to which he was appoi
has decided to retire. The
pounds.-- ir WILLIAM EL a
ELLVzs, the notorious miser
circumstances.---Mr. CoRT,
is said, find his post a ver
quence of the ill-conceale
Government, and he is abou
- The BATEBXN children ar
cess in England. After draw
Lane for several successive
round of the provinces.- J
ing at the Strand Theatre,
admired -- The hearse which
the body of the poet MOORns,
mourning coach. The funera
unostentatious. He was bu
parish.-- The London Eveni
O'BRisN and the other Irish
Land, are likely to be pard
and expresses the opinion th
in England.

...... Hall and Son have j
the Ball-Room Belle," a ba
the music by Wellington Gu
of great merit. The follow
incorrectly printed
Tri moon and all
Were fading from
When home the bal
Returned with throbb
Flushed cheek a
The plumes that dan
The gems that spa
The pride to which
Were laid aeide-t
When desola
That night how man
The reigning belle,
But, like the plan
Her suitors follow
One all the w
And she had lost
That lady's eyes wi
Though love by ma
It never yet w
To love and to forgot.


The articles mentioned i
at Berrians' Heouse-
601 Broadway. All
them 5te'i/e pioD


1[AR I
AtBloomfield,Grern-Cnn' i
by the Rev. Geo. W. Edmo
daughter of the late Thos.
WM. HALSTEDn JoHNsoN, young
Johnson, of B

At Philadelphia, on Wednes
LAURA F. HUNT. the wife o
editor of the Merchants' M
man prevents the universal
gular charms which exist onl
happiness it is to scommune wi
walksoflife. Endowed with
to the human heart, of rare
lect, Mrs. Laura F. Hunt pos
hold on the hearts of all
passed away in the fulness o
disease, consumption, has at
tim; and with him who is h
two grief-stricken, lovely
heartfelt sympathy


Or TWELVE LINES, each inser
sequent insertions. Adverti
wit t/se cash in advance, at the
insertion of twelve lines, av

was issued on the
THE Home Journal has now
are few families of cultivate
seek to enliven and make ho
attractive place) -who do no
we believe, wherever run t
happiness and true moral re
thickly into the stronger and
industry and energetic pros
the speaker to the hearts of
given to happiness
Our increased subscription
more material and more assi
fore used upon the paper.
some of the merely laborious
This enables us to carry out
own--one of which we have lo
we have deferred, simply a
time and labour to do justice
however, and will endeavour
it under the head
Every one knows how a tea-
enlivened, by the coming in
knows all the new ideas afto
gayly, and off-hand, in the
Such a person gives you the s
pers, in three or four sent
moral of a now book in a do
of a sermon, the core of a pu
lic character, the spirit of a
velty in fashion, the last tur
all without detail or flumm
materialforF your ewn discuss
what we propose to do for
We mean to jot down, for our
possible, every new idea that
as people drop in and talk, as
shall be on the look-out fo
them in the briefest shape,
GossIP. Formerly, we used t
to write about if we should
them to our readers, TO Di
this way, the subscriber to
chance to get hold, in som a
idea that
The other popular features
ued :---Sketches of Belles, Po
descriptions of stirring scene
ion and manners, phases of g
new fun or new folly-in sh
AS IT PAssEs. We have scar
mention, however what our r
we take care also io chronic
of benevolence and moral i
to make the Home Journal n
than it is enterta
As a New Year's Present f
the Home Journal is one, of
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Taums.-For one copy, $2; f
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without del
Editors, 107 Fulto

A. KERR & CO. respect
are receiving, per late arriva
Embroideries, Point and Ho
Coiffeurs. &c., with a full
Saxony Thread, and Imitati
Mits and Fancy Articles. Th
with the above, a complete s
as Plain Black Silks, Bombazi
Barges. Grenadines, Crepe
English Crapes ; also a larg
ing Goods.
mh27 lta between

corner of Leonard street, h
for sale,
and Barege de Laines, of
warranted fast colours
a yard wide, and fast co
slightly soiled, bul f.-...a... r
ELEL.1NI1 -lI i
just bought at auct
including black Alpacas,
Laines, Grenadines, Challi
Calicoes, Muslins. MikT
the best article for the pric
the most beautiful as
as Gloves, Cravats, Handke
ments, Sc.

Gentlemen's Hats, ula, -..I
Broadway, adjoining Niblo'
the newest fashions of Cap
brellas, and other Goods usua
which will be found, on inspe
and style to anything ever o
mh27 4ted 672 Broadway,

The great popularity of L
for the destruction of Be
Ants, Fleas, Flies, etc., and
insects, has prompted certain
articles, and offer them, uud
sale. Few of these individu
impositions as free of po
original article has, in this
agents, and the principal d
where also may be obtained
destruction of Rats and Mice
ed. [mh27 lt*d] .

is the personification of
and so are the Gaiters, Slipp
nal street. One draws crowds
crowds at Miller's; Madame
takes in the notes; periorma
lighted, determined to g
mnh2T lt~d 5ILLhE

F. S. CLEAVER was Tb
Toilet Poaps who obtained th
Fair, 1851. The higls repute
had previously obtained t
been e..n'. I.,l.1 ).ls enhance
over a:; .*'.-rs fully and
Musk Brown Windsor also io
perfumed, and will be found f
the kind ev
P. S. Cleaver's Soaps to b
perfumers throughout
mh27 It* Sole Age

public to read the following
Edward N. Kirk '
"Prof. Edwards's system of
language is the most rapid a
results. .
The Professor's circulars,
system, are to be had at th
Freuch, 135 Nassau street;
way; and at the Professor's
Private classes at home an

crowds which flock to w
astonishing e
have compelled him to engage
a week in future, instead of
the ladies have taken in the
two afternoons a week for

tention is respectfully in
of the undersigned. His lo
success leads him to believe
satisfaction to all who Intr
preparations embrace all ki
Plum, Raisia, Sponge, Jen
Almond, Kisses, Cocoanut Dro
Lady's Fingers, etc. Partic
orders for Wedding and other
supplied with superior Bre
W. DUNOAN, No. 33
mh20 Sm* cor. 27th St.,

GENIN, No. 214R
a varied assortment of the most fashi
in his line. Those which he o
public will, he flatters hims
upon his perseverance, bu
splendid four dollar Hat isa
undress Hats, embracing the
plete and adapted for travel
Juvenile Department there i
furnaiabshed with a new grace b
less ass
Especial attention is invi
Ladies, plumed and unplumed
which present a most grace
Caps, of every material in us
evening wear. To the ladies,
and all, GrnIi extends an in
may examine his stock as reg
mih20 tf

Muslin Window Curtains clea
Also, Embroideries and L

SIGN, 669 Broadway, wh
will be given in the Arts
Class price, $5 per term. Al
on the theory and principles
ments in advance.

HAIR -This Oil, as we pre
its resinous and disagreeable
fumed, and will be found to
Hair Oils tha
Prepared only by
10 6811Broa,2@ h on 2a R


of John Sterling from the
Gutzlaff's Life of Taou Kwa
eign Refugees in England
from the Morning Chroniel
Blacksmith, from the Nor
Fry, from the Sun-The Two I
from Sharpe's Magazine-Na
New Monthly Magazine-Lif
from the Examiner-Visit to
the Correspondent of the
Eliot Warburton, from the
Memoirs of Margaret Fuller
My Travelling Companion,
Poetical and Dramatic work
from the Examiner-Letters o
the Ex
With Poetry, Short Articles
Commencing a
Published Weekly, at six do
& CO., Boston, and sold
Tribune Buildings, N. Y.

CIAL REVIEW, established
HUNT, Editor and Propriet
-142 Fulton street, New-York,
is devoted to Trade, Comme
Currency and Finance-Mer
Fire Marine, and Life Insur
gation-Nautical Intelligenc
including Canals, Railways
Harbours, and, in general, al
commercial and industrial i
the w
It has been ever the constant
the editor and proprietor
journal of the latest commerce
ard library of reference on al
dispensable to the Statesman
Financier, Banker, Broker,
Mechanic and Manufacturer
Business Man; and from the
range of its discussions and i
does, every subject in the
pages of the Magazine will
a vast fund of knowledge ft
Cotton-Planter of the South,
The editor and proprietor
into this Magazine a national
curing the aid of able corre
wide-spread Republic, and by
every State and Territor
points in political economy,
of trade, he has freely admi
tagonistic doctrines and op
great aim to exhibit facts,
practical operations of Com
ever open to the free and fai
legitimately falling within it
nal d
Complete sets of the Mer
mercial Review, embracing s
of more than 600 large oct
and substantially bound, an
1847, may be obtained at the
ton street, N. Y., at the s

I.-Public Honours to the
Cooper. Comprising authent
by Irving, Bryant Webster,
Feb. 25th, 1852. In 8vo., wit
Mr. Cooper, on steel
II.-Prairie and Rocky Moun
nia and Oregon Trail. By
Edition. With illustration
It--1850-1851: Supplement
Edited by George P. P
IV.-A Journey to Iceland,
Norway. Translated from the
Charlotte Fen
V.-The Shield: A Narrati
of "Rura
VI.-Queechy. By the au
VII -Horse-Shoe Robinson
vised, Illustrated Edition,
VIl.-Mr. Layard's Fresh R
in Nineveh. (To be issued s
don edition, by s
IX -The Hand-Book of Scie
of Western Reserve College
Home Cyc
X.-The Hand-Book of Uni
C. Callicott. (Putnam
XI.-A New Work b
XII.-Mr. Cooper's Naval Hi
XIII.-Miseries of Human L
tion, revised,
XIV.-The Jew of Denmark.
ish of G
XV.-Hand-Book of Familiar
XVI.-Claret and Olives; or
of France. By
XIX.-The Comic English
XX.--Up the Rhine. By
illustrations. Two parts-25
XXII.-Dickens-Home and S
tives, &c. S
XXV.-Leaves from the
XXVI.-Sidney Smith an
i XXVII.-Charles Knight-
XXVIII.-Charles Knight-
XXXII.-A Book fora C
XXXIII.-Dollars and Cen

Messrs. APPLETON announce
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convenience for the broadest
printed in a very elegant a
volumes from 250 to 400 pa
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[.-t el.'.n, ll.,sa .i he b PlSl i
The Amours of Dean Swift;
and Southey, by Cottle ; Joh
Francis Chantrey
Brilliant original Essays, f
humour of a Sydney Smith, th
a Macaulay. These Essays exh
and are models nf their cla
Revolution of'1848, and the
Swift, are masterpieces in th
a forcibly painted picture
events, the other as a subtle
The story of Lord Nelson's
of pathos where theiinterest
presented statement. The pa
resume of the results of Ant
once learned and popular.
Thackeray, author of Vanit
1 vol. 16mo., in elegant fanc
Contents: Miss ohum's Hu
Deuceace ; Skimmerings from
ing Parts; Mr. Deuceace at
A jew; Epistles
In its peculiar line, the Y
been surpassed. The charac
unique as the spelling, which
even for cacography, and a s
laugh in a wrong combination
to resist the infelicity of
too, is a pretty serious test
profit as well as amusement
justifying the remark of an E
standing the bad spelling
tionables of Mr. Yellowplush
gentleman than mos
mh22 It D. APPLE

ING. Published by D.
Maiden Aunt," etc. 12mo. pa
75 cents. This is an exceed
written with spirit and eleg
accomplished an
like Him." By Sarah E. Sa
cover, 50 cents;
An exceedingly vigorous and
by true feeling, elevated s
interest. Those who can appr
racter, and pure and refined
with d
III. (Miss Sewell,) A
SUMMER TOUR; For ihe Chil
By the Author of "Amy Her
three Parts. Part L From
stance. Now ready. Price
This new work, by the po
bert," was written, as its tit
a Village School, in which th
rested. It is written in a si

with the object of bringing
of children, whose knowledge
too slight to enable them t
books oftravel.
By Cousin Kate. 1 vol., 12m
cloth, 7
This is a tale of unusual in
the finest traits of character
graceful style, and abounds
of Piety and Charity. By
"Nathalie," "Women in Fra
cloth, 7
Although several works on
greater pretensions, have
years past, we must concede
of having written the most d
of exemplary Christian women
learning is displayed with
biographies, instead of bei
all fitted and linked together
gree of unity seldoffl attain
signs. Adhering, as we belie
historical evidences of trut
of incidents, and agreeable s
as captivating as a romance
the heart are kindled by the
for imitation."-Commercia

CO., 543 Broadway, being ab
alterations in their store, w
tion, till the 2nd of April, w
while the alterations are b
their well-assorted stock
Single Stone and Cluster
fine gold sets of Bracelets,
gold, and set with Precious S
Chattelains, Signet, Pear
Lockets, Charms. Studs, Ves
Keys, &c. Real Jet Ornamen
Napkin Rings. Beat Silver
Kettles, Casters, Urns, Dish
Waiters, Forks, Spoons, &c
Inlaid Dressing Cases, Writi
Ink Stands, Ac. Parian Fig
Tete a Tete sets, Cologne
Portemonales, Fans and oth
own impo
The store will positively c
2nd of April. 543B

,LIN, No. 15 Warren street
Millinery, Mantillas, Embroi
and a variety of fancy goo
styles suitable to the sea

NICHOLS respectfully anno
and Educational Establishmen
permanently located at Prospe
one hour's ride from the cit
a place of unrivalled salubr
tion will combine three dep
tive, two educational, and a
healthy physical and in
Patients will be received
Water-Cure treatment, upo
A class of young ladies wil
physical, moral and intellec
gical principles, on the firs
twelve weeks. Our pupils w
this treatment they require,
of gymnastic exercises, under
sons in walking, riding and
water bathing; full course
sciences, especially on gen
anatomy and physiology; with
cution, vocal music, and all
education. The languages,
taught by eminent professors
tended to answer the purpose
teachers, who wish to introd
and physical training in
The Medical School of the In
qualified persons of both sex
of Hydropathy, will commence
Monday in
Circulars, with full particu
apartment, will be furnished o
INo. 01 Clinton Place, New

-No. 308 Broadway, nea
many advantages; it occupi
more airy and beautiful, m
cleansed without injury, an
price, as it will
Centripetal Spring Chairs, a
able for the parlour, library
Garden Chairs, Pier, Salo
Bedsteads, of all sizes ; so
Iron Cradles, Iron Cribs, T
selling Bedsteads, Boys or
sizes. The boys' Bedstead i
room, and wherever these a
turned out
Iron Hat-stands, Settees a
tresses, warranted of pure
Catalogues at store,

SStreet, New-York, will
on Thursday, 25th March,18

Westchester County, N
DALE will commence their S
Monday in May. They have a
ample grounds for out-door
will be paid to pupils entrus
means taken to ensure their
ment. For particular referee
Columbia College, N. Y.,
Esq., Nos. 13 and 14 Park

A Country Residence, cont
of land, handsomely locate
Spring, in Putnam County,
cliff. The location is very d
view of the Highlands, the H
Upon the premises there is a
tion of fruit, and the fruit
thrifty condition. For furt
GEORGE P. MORRIS, at the o
in New-York, or of J. 0. DY
the subscriber, the owner
ANDERSON, at Cold Spring.

A* near Broadw
We have always on hand a
GOODS, both fancy and sta
trades in cities
Can always find the richest a
other Dre
Of the late
Of every
4 4 Linens, Linen Sheetin
Doylies, Towellings, Counte
and every variety of Fancy a
low prices,

sires to inform his frie
published a few days since,
Europe this winter, was una
no intention of the kind. Mr
sional duties, and will conti
and give instructions on the
and Legons d'Accompagnem
with Messrs. Scharfenberg &
will receive immediate att

A- No. 6 Dey street, near Bro
Sandal, Rosewood. Jet, Corne
lets, on elastics; Silver, Pe
Books, Card Cases and Souven
Buffalo Achromatic Opera G
Fine Paintings on Copper,
Stick Fans, Red Ivory, Pea
&c. &c. nb

H. LEEDS & CO., Auctione
New street, are prepared to
to the sales of Household Fur
during the season, as usual, a
at their store in Wall stre
may desire to make sales th
made if desired,

Spring Sales, at
264 BROADWAY, (Oppo
Invite attention to their co
Choice Carpetings, conagist
From thI celebrated maura o
English Brussels, Imperia
and Venetian Carpets; Cocoa
English and American Fl
These goods being of their
ed expressly for Spring Sale
in prices by the Europea
enabled to offer the greatest
An early visit is solicited
others desiring choice
Beautiful Tapestry Car
254 Broadway, opposite Cit

G HOUSE, New-York.-Ord
Programme, by which every
G. T. GREEN respectfully a
antied to fit, will be forward
the British Provinces, or els
parties sending the orders,
in inches, according to the
member, the size must be car
as all necessary allowances a
e1st. Size aro
2d. "
3d. ehest,
4th. Size acro
5th. Length of arm, from
the wris
6th. Height of the perso
7th. The desired height of t
reactions as regards
This plan is quite unique, a
gentlemen at a distance who
at home shirts that satis
G. T. Green's shirts being m
tion which can no more err
mathematical process, never
tions of his customers. He w
all hours of the day, for he
superintendence to tke detail

just p
Historical, by
A careful and judicious bl
matter pertaining to the sub
ropean authorities, combine
ence of the writer, constitu
reference on Wines and Fore
degree compromising its util
in such a form as renders th
ing and attractive t
Of the Vine-Of the Grape-
tation-Of Wine-Of the W
deira Portugal Germany
ning and Bottling of Win
facts of Wine-Dietetic and
Art of Drinking Wine-Mi
and Sayings-Wines of the
Wines and their Descript
Rum-Gin-Arrack-Uses and
quors-Liqueurs-List of al
and Description.

The above engraving represe
to our taste, the most cha
Toast Racks that we remem
to the right is composed of
with handle and feet, and
style. the one to the left, in
what more massive character
platform adding much to its



Thus Naples discovered its beauties to me,
Like Goddess mid ocean, the Queen of the Sea.
THUS sang Taseooi of the approach to this
beautiful city, whose bay and environs of
charming spots and picturesque islands were
not unfit emblems of the myrmidons of that
Venus whose progress he celebrated in these
lines, as she passed, in her bark Coquette,
from Leghorn to Naples. Before his time, the
brilliancy of its beautiful waters had been
sung by Lucretius, and its sunny smiles still
remain, and the gentle pulses of its waves
beat on, with the same laughter resounding in
its splash as when Catullus sung of it.
It has suffered nothing since the flight of
ages, and, with Valcoy, we can still rejoice
"that it is for poets and painters alone to de-
scribe the enchantments of the Gulf of Naples,
with the graceful and imposing mixture of
woods, mountains,. houses, forts, churches,,
chapels, ruins, and, we may add, volcano and
skies, which decorate this magnificent amphi-
No less enchanting was the aspect as we
entered it from the sea, at early morning,
when the brilliant fires of Mount Vesuvius
were casting their lurid flames over the wa-
ters, and a mysterious glare of crimson light,
deeper in hue than the rosy-fingered morn,
preceded the advent of Aurora, and lent to
the scene a colouring which partook some-
what of the beams of the mid-night suns at
the North Cape, as we slipped into port under
the brow of Vesuvius, which was then pour-
ing out deep and rich streams of molten lava
at red heat.
SUpon our landing, we felt the usual op-
pression of the custom-house inspections and
delays, and were equally annoyed with the
pryings of officials, and the eager gaze from
the eyes of the ragged crowd, who surveyed
us as we passed along the quay, amid the vo-
ciferous noises and gabble of the lazaroni,
who are proverbially the noisiest people in the
world. Our trunks were of course opened by
some highly and richly uniformed officials,
whom we should have been somewhat ashamed
to have offended, as too well dressed to be
needy, had they not longfully hinted at the
gratuity, which we gave them, for performing
their natural duty with a bad grace.
My English friends, an old East India offi-
cer, his wife, and myself, sought lodgings at
the "Villa di Roma," which is situated on the
Bay, between the arsenal and the "Castle of
the Egg." This hotel has the best views. It
is near the Palace, not far from the Villa
Real, or 'public promenade; and from the
upper windows, you can always have Vesuvius
in sight-that never-failing source of grand
impressions and never-ending illumination
and sublime effects-the grand theme of Na-
ples, and a splendid 'movement in the orruer-
tlure of Naples, now more than ordinarily at-
traitie, because its fires have been fiercer of
late, and another eruption is fearfully threat-
ened. It is a grand and powerful feeling to
have the, idea of Vesuvius ever constant be-
fore you-even if it is in your mind's eye. It
was very funny, however, to have recollected,
afterwards, that we seldom saw it in the day-
time; and it was so very chilly in the balcony
of our back piazza, we hardly ventured to look
out at night. Besides, Mrs. Norton did not
like to expose herself, and her husband was
somewhat of an old granny, or a half-pay of-
ficer on the retired list.
As we had taken apartments for a family-
for I afterwards persuaded my American
friend Clarence to quit his solitude in the
Chiaja-we soon settled down, in a domestic
way, to enjoy a delightful sojourn of a fort-
night in a round of perpetual sight-seeing,
pleasant conversation, and cozy, familiar fire-
side chat.
I was saying that we were near the Castle,
with Vesuvius in full sight-but nearer the
Palace, which we passed several times a day,
in our walks to the Strada Toledo. But we
did not enjoy much of these subjects of inter-
est, for our first day was spent in the house,
and a miserable northern storm was brewing
outside, so that we could only amuse ourselves
that day by watching the white caps which
dashed furiously against the walls of the
neighboring mole, and settled down in foam
around the rocks in the Bay.
When we did go out, we were English
. enough to cill a cab; and that, in Naples, in
spite of the Fr-snch and Austrian domination,
carried us up to the Capo di Monte-the very
top of the hill, which was joined to the prin-
cipal mountain, on which the city is built, by
a bridge that had been constructed by the
French. Capo di Monte offered us nothing
for our labour but an attack from every spe-
cies of beggar and of cripple; and we had
little for our pains until we dismounted upon
the noble terrace of this property, whence we
enjoyed an extensive view of the Bay, and a
grand panorama of the city, as it then lay
sloping beneath our gaze, and stretching itself
along the declivity of the hills, to the margin
of the sea.
The Bourbon Museum delighted us chiefly
from the interest with which we regarded the
Egyptian collection, as two of us were freshly
from the land of mummies and of bondage.
An Osiris, the gem of this department, ap-
peared grand and superb to us. The nine
statuettes of the Balbus family, found at Her-
culaneum, are nobly simple; besides, a dying
Gladiator, a Bacchus, and a fine statue of the
Just Aristides, which was always admired by
Canova, and the first visited by him when he
went there-Agai, the Farnese Bull, a Her-
cules of majestic repose and strength, as if
conscious of his powers, and an Atlas, of mag-
nificent effect, claimed our regard; and, apart
from atl these, the graceful statue of the Venus
Calypso struck us as superior to all the Ve-
nuses around, but not to Love, or a sweet little
winged Cupid, seated on a dolphin, of excel-
lent workmanship.
As we were not enabled to see the gallery
of paintings during this visit, we rode through
some very narrow and dirty streets of the city,
in order to attend the Cathedral. We reached
this edifice, at length, after having passed
some fine fountains and monumental orna-
ments. This church has been so modernized
as to have scarcely retained a trace of its
original Gothic characteristics. The ceiling
was a flat and richly ornamented entablature,
and its walls were hung with several good
paintings. Here, also, and within the chapels
of St. Jannarius, the sacred vial of his mi-
raculous blood is kept, which is only exhibited.
in its liquefied state, at three different periods
during the year. Some of the columns were
taken from the ruins of the two ancient tem-
ples of Neptune and Apollo. An antique vase
of Egyptian basalt serves for a baptistery,
whereon the sculptured attributes of Bacchus
-the vine and erape-become also emblema-

tic of the elements of the Christian sacrifice.
No less different in style, than remote in
their distances from each other, were the pro-
portions of the vast temple of San Franceseo
di Paolo, which stands opposite the Palace. Its
architecture is of a very bad taste, and but a
poor imitation of the Partheon. One is rather
struck with its pretensions for colonnades
and pilasters, which excel in numbers rather
than in the grace or harmony of their distri-
bution. There are some fine columns in the
interior, and the outer panellings of the sa-
cristy are beautifully inlaid with a mosaic of
lapis lazuli, agates, and other precious and
rare stones. The whole building has rather
the air of a temple than that of a church.
Your notice would be sooner attracted to those
two huge equestrian statues of Charles III.
and Ferdinand the King, which stand in the
square before the Palace-the first of which
has alternately served for Bonapare and Joa-
chim, and the colossal steed has also been
forced to change its position, in order to suit
the character of its different riders.
Kings pleased us not, nor colossal bronzes of
such monarchs, who ruled their subjects with
an iron rod. We were glad to turn from these
sights for a while, and drive among the beau-
tiful palaces of the Chiaja, and so on to the
refreshing gardens of the Villa Reale--that
sweet spot of verdure on the shore, which is
washed by the waves of the sea-withits par-
terres and squares filled with statues, flowers,
vases, and groves of acacia and myrtle. We
recollect, even now, its pretty white temple, of
circular form, in the middle, and the admira-
ble views from this, one of the finest and most
delightful of public promenades; nor shall we
ever forget the Neapolitan flower-girls, who
used to pelt us with bouquets of fresh flowers,
and were even so confident of our honesty as
to throw their fragrant offerings into our car-
riage as we were whipped along in our con-
tinued drive to the suburbs beyond. There

cold, and I don't want to get a cold.' An-
other time, during the ceremony, he said,' De-
spachemos, que me voy quedandofrio,' (let us get
through it, for I am getting cold.) Finally,
the priests present stripped him of the remain-
ing clerical habiliments, when the fiscal and
judge approached, and he was delivered over
to the secular arm, the bishop, who was much
affected, pronouncing the following words:
' We pronounce that the secular arm receive
in itsfuero him who is present, despoiled and
degraded of every clerical order and privi-
lege;' adding, 'Senor Judge, we beseech you,
with all the affection of which we are capable,
that for the love of God, for the sentiments of
piety and mercy, and for the intercession of
our entreaties, you punish not that man with
danger of death or mutilation of limb.' The
persona present were much affected, but the
prisoner only made a gesture of incredulity;
and the bishop having addressed him inthe
most forcible terms to abandon his hardness of
heart, and prepare himself to appear before
the tribunal of the Supreme Judge, and ex-
horting all the bystanders to pray to God for
him, till the emotions of the venerable pre-
late prevented his utterance, Merino was not
the least affected, and his only remark was,
' Que me 'dejen en paz,' (let them leave me
alone.) The crowd outside gave vivas for
the Queen, which induced him to ask the
bishop whether it was according to the Rubric
that the windows were open; and when told
that it was requisite that the public should
see him, and that the act ought to be performed
on a platform, in a public square, he replied,
'Wel, then, why have they not done it so I
It matters not to me that they tee me.'"

QUESTION.-I am about courting a girl I
have but little acquaintance with; how shall
I come to a knowledge of her faults Answer,
-Commend her among her female soquain-

for a while we would rest before the porches
of the Casino, near the gates, and, from the
hill, look back upon that glorious panorama of
the Bay; with Vesuvius, the Castles, the Lan-
terna, the white porcelain cubes of the houses
dotting the shore from the Portici to the Molob
and presenting a brilliant phalanx of shields
of roofs and of habitations, in ranks of sue-
cessive beauty, from the declivity of the amphi-
theatre of its hills, to the extreme horns of its
semilunar gulf. That scene of incomparable
beauty claims for Naples a position scarcely
inferior to Genoa, and sustains no rival, but a
parallel, in Constantinople and the Bosphorus.


[SPAIN has not been "done"-to use Thacke-
ray's expressive word-quite as often as Ger-
many, France and England, and therefore it is
possible to publish something new concerning
that interesting country. The late attempt
to assassinate the Queen of Spain has elicited
several long and minute narratives, in the
European journals, of the life, trial and death
of the assassin. In one of these we find a
passage or two which give us an insight into
Spanish customs and Spanish character that
will be new to most of our readers. The fol-
lowing shows the manner in which a man con-
demned to death is treated during the dread-
ful period that elapses between his sentence
and execution :-]
"The moment a man is doomed, either by
court-martial or by an ordinary tribunal, he
is regarded in some sort as having already al-
most expiated his crime, and, as it were, no
longer belonging to the world. He is treated
with the utmost care-he is supplied with
everything he wants during the last twelve
hours he passes in capilla-and every request
of his is religiously attended to. No matter
what delicacy he requires for his last meal, if
it can at all be had, it is supplied him-and
he is treated with the utmost deference by
those about him. In fact, he is regarded with
a species of superstitious awe. On the morn-
ing of the execution, and at the hour appoint-
ed, he is taken from the chapel of his prison,
where he has been attended incessantly by the
chaplain, aided, if he wished for it, by the pa-
rochial clergy, and the members of the reli-
gious confraternities, who employ the most
endearing, the most soothing expressions to
reconcile him to his fate, and who seldom fail
to produce an effect on the most hardened
heart. When the last stroke of the bell is
heard, the prisoner is clothed in a bright yel-
low gown, something of the same fashion as a
lawyer's, and his head is covered with a yel-
low cap, resembling in shape the French ad-
vocate's toque. A mule of low size is placed at
the gate, on which he is raised by the mem-
bers of the r.oligiuhs confraternity. The ani-
mal is without a saddle, and is led with a hal-
ter, generally by a child under twelve years
of age. The prisoner has a book or paper in
his hand, in which are printed or written the
prayers for the dying, and these he repeats in
a loud tone of voice as he moves slowly along,
accompanied by the clergy, who not for one
instant quit his side; and preceded and ac-
companied by the religious confraternities-
whom also the military escort precedes and
follows. As he passes along the street of To-
ledo, flambeaux are burning in the balconies,
and men, women and children are on their
knees, praying for pardon and a happy re-
lease from life' to the guilty man who passes
before them. A number of the members of the
fraternities make a collection amongst the
crowd for two objects-first, for the widow and
orphans the criminal, if lie be married, may
leave behind; and secondly, to distribute in
alms, or in masses, for the repose of his soul.
Amongst t rowd there is no indecent mirth,
no laughing, no picking of pockets; and when
the criminal has taken his seat on the plat-
form, and the last turn of the tourniquet, and
the last quiver of the bound limbs, tell that
life has fled, the multitude uncover, and you
see many a lip move in hasty prayer for the
departed. At the last moment, too, a groan
is uttered by the multitude-but it is not one
of disrespect-it is, as it were, the last adieu
to the soul as it quits its earthly tenement.
The dead body is left seated in the same posi-
tion for an hour, and then removed. No death
can be quicker than by the garrote. It is, in
radct. instantaneuui, and the Cure with which
the instrument acts at Onae, nuakoas the beck
as flat as the thinnest open palm."
[The late assassin, it will be remembered,
was a priest. It was therefore necessary to
formally degrade him from the priesthood,
which wasdone in the manner following :-]
"Merino, being brought in, was ordered to
put on his clerical robes, which he did, as if
going to say mass; and being then presented
to the bishop, at whose feet he knelt, they
handed to him the caliz with wine and water,
and the patena with the host. The bishop
then took them from his hands, saying, at the
same time, We take from thee the power of
offering sacrifice to God, and of celebrating
the mass both for the living and the dead.'
The bishop next scraped, with a knife, the
ends of the criminal's fingers, and other parts
which are anointed with holy oil at the ordi-
nation of presbyters, ,saying, 'By means of
this scraping, we take from thee the power of
sacrificing, consecrating and blessing, which
thou receivedst with the unction of the hands
and the fingers.' Then removing from him
the casulla, which he had put on, the bishop
said, We despoil thee justly of charity, fig-
ured in the sacerdotal vest, because thou hast
lost it, and at the same time all innocence.'
And on taking from him the estola, he said,
Thou hast thrown away the sign of the Lord,
figured in this estola : for this we take it from
thee, making thee unable to exercise every
priestly office.' Being thus degraded from
the priestly order, a similar course was pur-
sued with respect to the other orders-the dia-
conate, the sub-diaconate, and four lower or-
ders. On arriving at that of first tonsure, the
bishop pronounced the following words :-' By
the authority of omnipotent God, Father, Son
and Holy Ghost, and our own, we take from
thee the clerical habit, and we strip thee of
the adornment of religion, and depose thee,
despoil thee, and strip thee of every clerical
order, benefit and privilege; and, as being un-
worthy of the ecclesiastical profession, we re-
turn thee with ignominy to the secular habit
and state.' The bishop then cut off a little
of his hair with a pair of scissors, and the
rest was cropped close off by a barber, so that
the mark of the clerical tonsure could not be
distinguished. This last operation Merino at
first opposed, but on the bishop saying that it
must take place1 he submitted, saying, how-
ever, to the barber, .' Don't cut much, for it is

U I m

charged with overlaying Shakspeare with
theatrical bplendlour f,.r though the chief
characteristic of the revival is gorgeousness,
Mr. Kean has been gorgeous merely because
the imagination of Shakspeare was gorgeous
first, and because the poet showed what he
would have dons had he had at his command
the rich and aniple theatrical appliances of
our times. But not only is the character of
the scenery true to the period and localities,
and to the poetioal'spirit of the drama, but
every character was supported with that effi-
ciency which mightbe expected from so strong
a company, wlhlch includes the best talent
that can be obtained in London, and from the
province. Furemo't stood Mr. Kean's own
performance as King John. He evinced,
where opportunity afforded, those flashes of
genius for which he is distinguished; and,
howbeit the character is not the most adapted
for the display of high dramatic talent, he
managed, notwithstanding, tot exhibit his
powers to the greatest adv.intage in its deli-
neation. Hie transitions from passion to pas-
sion were natural and rapid, U nd there was
something exceedingly arrielii' in the care
with which he adapted vice, ruce, manner
and expression to the varying emouions which
excite the heart of the EnghIh march. In
that masterly scene, wJere John solicits
Hubert to murder the young Prince Arthur,
where the poet has hidden the genuine senti-
ments, or di.embljerd them as much as possi-
ble, never letting John counsel the commis-
sion of the crime in plain terms, Mr. Kean
completely carrieout the conception of the
author by representing the action by looks,
even as the prop,,ul is made by hints.
Throughout the whole of the play many
slight and masterly touches were apparent;
many a sulbtle expression, many a happy turn
and empbatical sprightly phrase, as it struck
out by the collision of animated conversation;




THEicE aro but few residents of the North-
ern States who are aware how much this com-
plaint may be alleviated, if not cured, by a
residence in Florida. Some twenty years
since, I spent a winter in St. Augustine, and
experienced all the advantages that beautiful
climate presents over the North. During the
winter, iee was formed not more than once,
and that less than the thickness of a half
dollar. While the thermometer in New-York
was ten above zero, I was enjoying an almost
summer heat. Indeed, except the inconve-
nience of rain, there was no day during winter
when an outside-coat would have been desira-
ble on horseback, even for an invalid. The
oranges .remained in great perfection on the
trees the whole winter, and continued to im-
prove their delicious flavour till spring.
The expenses of living are very small-a
family of half a dozen persons could live in
St. Augustine on $1,000 per annum, who
would, in New-York, expend $3,000. The
oysters were remarkably fine, and so abundant
as to be had for the mere cost of a labourer to
bring them from the beds in sight of my lodg-
ing. The fish, also, were delicious and abun-
dant. House rent, for about $50 to $75 a year,
with ample accommodation for keeping poul-
try, horse, cow, etc., at a very smallexpense;
and as to clothing, a supply for summer and
winter should be provided, and a residence
there availed of to wear out all the old stock,
as nothing like unnecessary extravagance is
encouraged by the people, who are uniformly
kind and considerate for the sick. Over one
hundred and sixty invalids from New-York
State were among the number who availed
themselves of the Florida climate in one win-
ter, and generally were benefitted, in some
cases cured, and in others their lives for years
Some cases came under my observation, of
invalids, suffering under a severe cough, who
had extended their lives by a constant resi-
dence, probably for ten years, being able to
exercise daily in the open air, while at the
North the same case would have required con-
stant confinement, in-doors, and thereby short-
ened the days of the patient. A family going
to Florida, and wishing to study the best
economy, should bargain with a sailing vessel
to land them on the St.*John River, if not at
St. Augustine-taking care to provide them-
selves with six months' supply of hams, corned
beef, vinegar, flour, etc. The poultry-yard,
horse and cow, can be supplied there; also,
the vegetable garden. The commander of the
United States garrison had a fine garden, and
every day in the year could have green peas
upon his table, with all other fresh vegetables;
at the same time, one-half the inhabitants oc-
casionally imported their supply from Charles-
ton, rather than be troubled with their culti-
vation at their own doors.
Often have I seen, in January and Februa-
ry, a file of soldiers in one corner of the gar-
den, gathering new potatoes, green peas, let-
tuce, etc., and in the opposite corner another
party planting the same kinds. The city is
about one-eighth of a mile wide, bounded by
the ocean, and a mile long, containing three
churches, viv.: Catholic, Episcopalian, and
Presbyterian-all very respectable congrega-
tions. There was only one small dry-goods
shop, and some three or four family grocers,
which constituted about all the trade in the
place. About twice a month, a sailing-packet
arrived from Charleston, which gave morejoy
and interest to the poor invalids than ever the
arrival of one of the Collins steamers gave to
the New-Yorkers. A land mail came twice a
week, and the invalids generally assembled
around the Post-Office for an hour or two be-
fore its arrival, to get letters from their fami-
lies and friends.
Whoever goes there for health, and there is
no other inducement, should carry all needed
resources with him, such as books, with an
ample supply of newspapers to come by every
mail. I was planted there suddenly, and
taken from the most active business. For the
first month, this new life of inactivity of mind
and body destroyed both appetite and sleep-
afterwards I became reconciled, and enjoyed
it exceedingly, after educating myself to a life
of idleness. Since that period, steamboats
may run from Savannah and Charleston-if
so, then the intercourse has no doubt become
much more convenient.
It was there a general remark, that invalids
who survived the month of March would pro-
bably live through the year Such is the kind
influence of climate upon the nerves of inva-
lids, that were I now troubled with this com-
plaint, and it was reduced to a certainty that
my life would end in three months, I should
hasten into that climate to die-as there my
life would probably end without pain-while
at the North the hard winds would make
every cough tear me asunder. Leaving home
under such circumstances has its evils, but
climate, accompanied by a friend, will more
than counterbalance in many cases.
Invalids, who comfortably survive the cold
till January or February, mayoften find March
unendurable-an escape from which will often
prolong their lives. This has induced me to
write this article, as I well remember, when
ordered myself to seek a more genial climate
by my medical friends, I found it impossible
to obtain any reliable practical knowledge
where to go. Florida is probably better than
even Italy, much more convenient, and,less ex-
pensive-but of course the former is compara-
tively entirely destitute of interest. During
the past twenty years, new hotels have been
opened in Florida, as I am informed, particu-
larly up the River St. John. Invalids will do
well to inquire into this before-determining
where to reside. Almost any family in St.
Augustine, for $50 to $100, for say six or eight
months, would have vacated their house, at a
short notice, if it could be rented, as cash was
a very rare article.
Invalids go to Florida even from Savannah
and Charleston, to avoid the month of March;
and Northern invalids, leaving Florida in
March, in tolerable health, were generally
confined to the house, and often made sick, by
the change, on their arrival in Charleston and
Savannah-the change of climate being so
violent. The medical men in Florida all
agreed that Northern invalids should never
leave before April, and that it was more safe
to remain till even June; then they come into
a warmer climate at the North, and have the
summer to determine the result. But who
can describe the impatience of an invalid to
return home after being imprisoned in Florida
six months! Invalids should avoid going, un-
less accompanied by some friend, as a general
rule. The change, even with friends in feel-
ing, is severe enough.--New Era.


veneration ana doubt to overgrow and sup-
press the rising hope of independent thought.
"I am not permitted to know this, or to do
this," is the excuse of the weak and trivial;
but the question should be, Can I know or
do this ." for what is not permitted we cannot
do. We may not know the events of the fu-
ture, or the period of a thought, or the Great
First Cause,eut we may hope to see and com-
bine the atoms of things-pierce the realms
of space-make the wilderness a garden-at-
tain perfection of soul and body; and for this
our end we may master all things needful.
There is nothing possible that faith and
striving cannot do; take the road, and it must
lead you to the goal, though strewn with dif-
ficulties, and cut through pain and shade. If
each would strain his energies to gain what
he has dared to hope for, he would succeed,
for, since that which we love and honour is in
ournature, it is to be drawn forth, and what
is not there we cannot wish.
Our greatest drawback is, not that we ex-
pect too much, but that we do too little; we
eel our worship low, and let our higher pow-
ers lie dormant; thus are we never masters,
but IHind men stumbling in each other's way.
As maturity means self-controlling power, so
he who gains not this is childish, and must
submit, infaint-like, to be controlled by others.
This guidance we must feel in our upward
course, and be grateful lor the c4eck; but as
we have each a work to do, we must look be-
yond help tod independence. The school-boy
receives aid in learning, that he may one day
strive with his own power, for if he always de-
pends on help, he can never be a useful man.
He who seeks for himself no path, but
merely followswhere others have been before,
covering his ewn want with another's indus-
try, may hud the road not long or thickly set,
but he d,,e and gains nothing. He who bows
to difficulty, settling at the foot of the hill,
instead of struggling to its top, may get a
sheltered place- snug retreat-but the
world in its glury he can never see, and the
pestilence from the low ground he must im-
ibe. We may rest in perfect comfort, but
the health that comes of labour will fade
away. The trees of the forest were not planted
that man nmiglht pass round and live between
them, but that he might cut them down and
use them. Th. savage has little toil before
him, but the civilized man has greater power
of happiness.
Would a man be powerful, and bid his
genius rule his fellow-men ? he must toil to
gain means; while his thought reads the hearts
that he would sway, he must be led into
temptation, and pass tilr,,uh 1,in anddanger,
ere he can knuw whamt an.ither may endure.
Would he pour golden truth upon the page of
life ? he iust seek it from every source,
weigh the r lations of life, and concede to its
taste, that he may best apply it, for the pro-
verb must bi written in fair round hand, that
common mep may read it. Would he picture
the life of man or nature ? he must go forth
with heart and eye alive, nor turn from the
sorest notes of human woe, or the coarsest
tones of vice; he must watch the finest ray
of light, and mark the falling of the last
withered leaf. Would he be actively benevo-
lent? winter cold, nor summer lassitude, must
not appal him; in season, and out of season,
he must be ready; injured pride, wounded
feeling, must not unstring his energy, while
stooping to learn from the simplest lips the
nature of those wants to which he would mi-
In all accomplishment there is difficulty; the
greater the work, the greater the pains. There
is no such thing as sudden inspiration or
grace, for the steps of life are slow, and what
is not thus attained is nothing worth. In
darkness, the eyes must be accustomed to the
gloom when objects appear, one by one, until
the most distant is perceived; but, in a sud-
den light, the eyes are pained, and blinded,
and left weak.
At school, we found that when one difficulty
was surmounted, another was presented; mas-
tering "Addition" would not do-we must
learn Subtraction;" so it is in life. A
finished work is a glory won, but a mind con-
tent with one accomplishment is childish, and
its weakness renders it incapable of applying
that-" From him that hath not shall be
taken away even that he hath ;" his one
talent shall rise up to him as a shame. A
little sphere insures but little happiness.
There is a time of youth for all; but youth
has a sphere of hope that, embracing the
whole aim which man must work for, gives
unlun.A.l nappmn... Thus (od would
equalize the lot of all where necessity would
create difference; it is only when states are
forced unnaturally that misery ensues. When
those who would seem to be men are children
in endeavour, we see that God's will is not
done, but a falsehood. The greatest of us
have asked and taken guidance in their rising
course, and owned inferiority without shame;
but his is a poor heart that looks to be inferior
ever; and shameful indeed it is, when those
who are thus poor, imagine or assume a right
to respect as self-supporting men. How pain-
fully ridiculous it is to see the lazy man look
down on his struggling wife as the "weaker
vessel," or the idle sinecurist hold contempt
for the tradesman who is working his way to
higher wealth by honest toil. Were the aims
of living truly seen, no man would be dis-
honoured because useful. But wait awhile;
the world is drawing near the real point, and
we shall find that the self-denying, fearless
energy, that works its will in spite of pettiness,
must gain its end, and become richest; that
the man who begins with a penny in the hope
of thousands, will grow wealthier than his
aimless brother of the snug annuity; for while
the largest wealth that is not earned is limited,
the result of ceaseless toil is incalculable,
since the progress of the soul is infinite!


[WE copy an account of this interesting
theatrical event from a London paper :-]
By frequent and careful rehearsals, and
by a previous representation before her Ma-
jesty, at Windsor Castle, on Friday last, the
mind of the great master was made to pervade
the entire performance. The spirit ot a scene
was in no instance sacrificed to individual
prominence. The harmony and completeness
of representation was perfect, and every indi-
vidual in the house must have felt that he
had really gone to see a play. Rich advantage
was taken of the scope afforded by this grand
historical play for an extraordinary series of
pictorial groupings, illustrative of the baronial
times, any one of which might have sufficed
on canvas to immortalize a painter-the mul-
titude with i.heir diversified attire, knights
in the uncouth armour of chivalry, terrific in
their comnbinatiun, and with single figures
intermixed-in fact, all that belonged to the
mise en scene was productive either of splendid
or striking effect. Nor can Mr. Kean be

searching and significant glances, justness
and truth of attitude, and a graceful dignity
of manner-all bearing the stamp of nature
and excellence, and showing the minutime of
theatrical education as of histrionic genius,
and fully entitling Mr. Kean to the qualifica-
tions of a first-rate artist. Without entering
into minute particulars, we may characterize
the Lady Constance of Mrs. Charles Kean as
a singularly finished and highly impassioned
representation. It was remarkably effective
throughout, and told most powerfully upon
the audience. All the other performers aided
in a very effective manner, in imparting im-
pressiveness to the play; and the representa-
tion of King John, at the Princess's Theatre,
may fairly take its rank among the best and
most successful efforts that have recently
been made upon a grand scale, to revive the
high and legitimate national drama."
When shall we see the like .


[WE are inclined to think that Dr. Kane's
Lectures upon'the Grinnell Expedition are the
lectures of the season. The following is a
brief but most striking passage from the re-
port of the first in the course :-]
The lecturer drew a vivid picture of the
marvellous scenery and the wild life of the
polar regions-the strange noise of the bieak-
ing of the ice-now like the whining of a
puppy, then like the calls of distress, and then
again like booming cannon. The ice, gene-
rally about five feet thick, and much resem-
bling glass, which before was level, is now
piled in ridges, and as the masses are forced
upon each other, every variety of noise in-
creases. Now, low and plaintive; now, shriek-
ing wildly, gradually rising to a climax of
fearful intensity, under which all language
ceases, and then dying away into the softest
cadence-noises so marked and oftentimes so
regular, that they were regarded and called
the pulses of the ice, and from these voices of
the ice they were gVnerally capable ofjudging
of its movements. Entering Baffin's Bay, and
stretched upon the ice in their buffalo robes,
an officer calls upon them to hasten up. The
ice voices have been renewed with fearful in-
tensity, the air is filled with shrieks and
howls. The ice is in great commotion. On
comes the crest. The crushed ice, piled high
by the meeting of the flows, gradually nears
the brig-all feel the trembling motion-the
vessel trembles from the force of the continued
shock. On it came, now only six yards from
the vessel-no word is uttered-now three
yards-now six feet. All wait with trembling
lips, when suddenly the noise and motion
cease. They wait for the movement to be re-
newed, but no renewal came, and five months
afterwards that immense ridge was still there,
and the vessel also there-a monument of
God's protecting care and man's weakness."

'1 YOUG LAD X IS, No. 10 RMBS T., A.&
S. K OLARXB, Crinc1pals, will re-open on we;e d--',
September 10th. Circulars may be obtained at aynor 4
Bookstore, 76 Bowery, and at the School., ep
Cantab., Vice-Principal.
Young gentlemen prepared for college or the counting-
house. few boarders received into the family of the
Circulars may be obtained of the Principal, at his resi-
dence Madison Avenue, cor: 80th at.; at Roe Lockwood
& Son's, 411 Broadway; 0. Shepard & Co.'s, Fulton st., or
at the Union Square Post Office. nuS Sm
ERTS have removed from 45 WalkeT Street to No. 8 West
Twenty-First Street, (first houme west of the Fifth Ave-
nue) where they will open their Boarding and Day School
for Young Ladies, on Tuesday, September 9th, 1861.
An omnibus will be provided for the accommodation of
pupils who reside in distant parts of the city.
Circulars can be obtained at the store of Mr. B. Lock-
wood & Son, 411 Broadway, or at No. 8 West Twenty-
First Street. eU1S tf
Madame H. Giavelli's Academy for Dancing and
graceful deportment, at the Stuyvesant Institute, 669
Broadway. New Term commencing.
Classes for adults, Mondays and Thursday, morning
and evening. Classes for Masters and Misses, Wednesdays
and Saturdays, at 8 P. M. Hours devoted to special classes
and private lessens. mhl3 Im

MR. DISBROW, of No. 20 Fourth Avenue, has open-
ed his Riding Academy for Evening Parties of Ladies
and Gentlemen on Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday even-
ings, for pleasure riding, and on Monday, Wednesday and
Friday evenings for gentlemen only, for instruction The
hours for ladies only, from 8 to 3 o'clock, daily. n29

-RDENTIST--Office No. 147 Grand street, near Broad-
way, N. Y. 04 tf
Lafarge Building, 293 Broadway. Lessons in the
theory and practice of Oil Painting; views of country re-
sidences and scenery faithfully portrayed. Large pic-
tures for hotels and public buildings contracted for, and
executed by able artists of the city. Ancient atd nimodern
uI, t ,.., ....l- t .i i,. ir. 1f, A at r_-,to .
O -t % tv; ] ... ,nl ,ri,_..,lI ,,, r Ir, it. Ut',sd States
and Canada, for the use of students desirous of painting
American scenery. fe7 tf
s a steadily increasing business, we have determined to
defy all competition in our superb assortment of Fall and
for the approaching season. We have made extensive and
valuable additions to our manufacturing department,
where we employ the first talent that can be had in the
country, and the most skilful workmen; our arrange-
ments for receiving the latest importations are complete,
and our goods selected with care and judgment; so that
we now confidently offer our patrons, and the public in
general, what we may safely call the most splendid and
in the country.
Oar stock consists or every article requisite for the
wardrobe of a gentleman, and we invite all who desire to
purchase the best at the cheapest prices. We are prepared
to fill orders with
and exactness, whether for a single garment or a full stock
in trade, and persons residing at a distance can have their
wants supplied with as much care and promptitude as if
they were present.
Wholesale and Retail Clothiers, No. 27 Courtlandt Street,
N. B. Country merchants, and other br, i;lhug i- city,
are invited to call and examine (o-ir I,', nl-.h we are
always happy to show. They will not regret doing so.
nl 4m-d
GEO. W. TUTTLE invites all who intend purchas-
ing Fancy or useful articles for the Gift Season, to make
an early visit to his splendid Emporium, No. 346 Broad-
way. Strangers especially will be well repaid by a visit
to this famous "Curiosity Shop of all Nations," where
may be found in immense variety of style and price, the
combined Fancy Wares and Novelties of the World. It
would require a volume to enumerate one-half of the
gems and varieties here collected. The public, young
and old, rich and poor gay and sedate, may here find any-
thing and everything that heart can desire, at prices un-
usually low. The price is marked in plain fgtres on
every article, from which there can be 0b dt'riaticn. Mr.
TU1TLE is prepared this season *ith the largest and
finest variety of Toys evor oftered in the United States, to
which he calls the particular attention of all concerned in
the happiness of the children. d27
MUNROE & CO., 441 Broadway, between Howard and
Grand streets, have for sale a very extensive assortment
of the best quality of Ready-made Clothing and Furnish-
ing Goods, at low prices. Citizens and strangers are in-
vited to examine.
Super black Cloth Dress and Frock Coats.
Super black and coloured Cloth Sack Business Coats.
Super black and coloured single milled Cloth Coats.
Super black and coloured Cashmerette Coats.
Super black and coloured Drap D'Ete Coats.
tuper Linen and Seersucker Coats.
Super Pongee and Pineapple Cloth Coats.
Black and Coloured Cassimere Pants.
Black and Coloured Drap D'Ete Pants.
Fancy aud White Drill Pants.
India Nankeen Pants.
Bombazine, black and coloured Silks and Satin, white
and fancy Marseilles, Cashmere, &c., &c.
Boys' and Childrens' Clothing of every description.
AIo Linen and Muslin Shubits, Merino and Silk Shirts,
Gloves, Half Hose, Suspenders, Linen Cambric and Silk
Handkerchief., &c.
mbl3 ly 3m-
SPUTATION ofWilder's Patent Salamander Fire proof
Safe, as manufactured by the subscriber, is so well estab-
lished, that I deem it unnecessary to publish at length
the numerous certificates and testimonials. Some of the
recent ones are from New Orleans. Chicago, Syracuse,
Brooklyn. and New-York; all of which can be seen at my
old-established Iron Safe Depot, Green Block, Water at.,
between Maiden Lane and Wall st., where is now on hand,
for sale, the largest assortment of Iron Safes in the world.
I defy any one to prove that any man ever lost a dollar
by fire, burglars or dampness, or mildew, in one of my
chilled iron and damp-proof composition, with one of
Hall's patent powder-proof locks, when combined with
Wilder's patent Salamander.
I am the proprietor of Hall's Patent Lock, which ob-
tained a medal (in the name of Adams & Co Boston,) at
the World's Exhibition, and is considered the best lock,
for the price, ever invented, being proof against powder,
and the key is no larger than a cent, and can be made
A medal at the World's Exhibition was awarded to me
for my Iron Safe. The American Institute of 3851 also
awarded me a gold medal for the best Fire-Proof Safe. I
invite all purchasers to a close and careful Investigation,
before purchasing, and decide for themselves who makes
the best fire, burglar and damp-proof safes combined.
ant Reduction in the rates of Postage Leonard Scott
& Co., No. 64 Gold st., New-York, continue to publish
the following British Periodicals, viz :-
THo WaSTMINSTEa REVIEW (Liberal,) and
These Reprints have now been in successful operation
in this country for twenty years, and their circulation is
constantly on the increase, notwithstanding the competi-
tion they encounter from American periodicals of a simi-
lar class, and from numerous ECLECTICS and Magazines
made up of selections from foreign periodicals. This fact
shows clearly the high estimation in which they are held
by the intelligent reading public, and affords a guarantee
that they are established on a firm basis, and will be con-
I tinued without interruption.
Although these works are distinguished by the politi-
cal shades above indicated, yet but a small portion of
their contents is devoted to political subjects. It is their
LITERARv character which gives them their chief value,
and in that they stand confessedly far above all other
journals of their class. BLACKWOOD, still under the mas-
terly guidance of Christopher North, maintains its an-
cient celebrity, and is, at this time, unusually attractive,
from the serial works of Balwer and other literary nota-
bles, written for that magazine, and first appearing in its
columns both in Great Britain and in the United States.
Such works as The Caxtons" and "My Novel," (both by
Bulwer,) "My Peninsula Medal," I he Green Hand,
and other Serials, of which numerous rival editions are is-
sued by the leading publishers in this country, have to be
reprinted by those publishers from the pages of Black-
wood, after it has been issued by Messrs. Scott & Co., so
that Subscribers to the Reprint of that Magazine may al-
ways rely on having the earliest reading of these fascin-
ating tales.
Per annum.
For any one of the four Reviews.............. $3 00
For any two of the four Reviews................5 00
For any three of the four Reviews............. 7 00
For all four of the Reviews.....................8 00
For Blackwood's Magazine.................... 3 00
For Blackwood and three Reviews..............9 00
For Blackwood and the four Reviews.......... 10 00

iN -0 GUSTA BRoWNZ, Oompoper and Profeasor of
Music, begs leave to invite the attention of the musical
dilettanti to her new songs, the words from "The Pil-
grimn's Progrens."
". To as,,sn or Mktct," illustrated with a beautiful
'SOmb or CaRsISTIAiA."
Every lover of the Immortal Bunyan should be I
possession of these songs, which may be had at all the
music stores; as also her favourite romances,
"LA BaiSm DxmAt LB FIuNILLAGu." (Breeze among th*e
CnAmT D'AMOua," (Tableaux of Love, Hope and
Joy,) ete., etc. etc.
Her terms for tuition may be ascertained at the resi-
dence of D. S. Browne, Esq., 42 Crosby street.
HAMILTON, THE YousG ARTIST," a new book, by the
same author, just published by Lippincott, Grambo and
Co., Philadelphia. fe28
scriber, after a careful scientific investigation into
the cause of the various form of disease to which the
Human Hair is subject, has succeeded in discovering a
cal acquaintance for a period of years with the almost
numberless nostrums for the Hair which have been put
before the public, has convinced the subscriber, in com-
mon with all who have in vain used these deceptive pre-
parations, that none of them are specifically adapted to
KEEPING THE HEAD CLEAN which is, in all cases,
an indispensable condition both to the prevention or re-
moval ef all diseases of the Hair. The preparation now
offered with the most perfect confidence to the public,
has been used for a long time by the subscriber exclusively
for his own friends and customers; and, in bringing the
article to the notice of the world, he has only reluctantly
yielded to the repeated and pressing solicitations of those
who, having been so highly benefited by its nse, them-
selves, wished to place the Invigorator in the hands of all
who need a preparation at once efficacious and harmless.
DIRECTIONS FOR USE-Saturate a sponge with the
Invigorator and apply it to the roots of the Hair, then
rub the heal briskly, hut not roughly, with a brush ; re-
peat the application two or three times a week, using, in
the meantime, no pomatums, grease, or ether oleaginous
mixture, as they impede the happy effect of the Invigo-
rator, which itself gives to the hair the soft and delicate
gloss of nature.
Manufactured and sold only by the inventor, at his
Hair Dressing Saloon. No. 4 Vesey street, Astor House,
New-York. [fe28] G. FERRARI.
JEWELRY VERY LOW.-The subscriber, expecting
to receive several large invoices, is now selling off hit
I-r-eri air,,' .t greatly reduced prices.
O.t.1 Le-r.,,- 1 catches, four holes jewelled, for $28 00
Gold Detached Levers, full jewelled, 80 00
Gold Patent Levers, 58 00
and all other kinds of Watches, at equally low prices.
Also-All kinds of Gold Chains; pure Gold Wedding
Rings; Gold Keys and Seals; Gold Pens and Pencils;
Gold and Silver Thimbles; Diamond Rings and Pins*
Bracelets, Gold Lockets, Cuff-pins and Ear-rings; Gold
and Silver Spectacles, Breast-pins, Finger-riigs, Silver
Fruit Knives; Sterling Silver Spoons, Cups, Forks, &ac., at
much less price than any other house.
Gold Watches as low as twenty dollars each. Watches
and Jewelry exchanged.
All watches warranted to keep good time, or the money
Watches, Clocks and Jewelry repaired, in the best man-
ner, at much less than the usual prices.
Importer of Watches and Jewelry WV.., nil Rfleail,
Nl. 11 Wall street, near II,'r a-J> u- ,.-. e,
o4 lst, Form,, i .. i N. 51 ti,.lll
prepared to execute orders for Engraved Glass to any
pattern which may be designed by those wishing to pur-
chase this style of Glass, now the most fashionable in use.
The Crest, or Initials, can be engraven on the glass at
short notice, as a very superior German Engraver works
in the store. Those who are desirous of seeing how this
delicate work is done, can see him at work during the day.
Seals engraved to order.
Heavy cut Glass
in great varibty of shapes and patterns
Rich Chiina.
Dining, Tea, and Breakfast Dets.
Chamatber Siets.
Green, Blue, Pink, and various other coloured grounds,
with flowers and gold.
Wedgewoodi Ware.
A choice assortment of this beautiful material
Terra Clotte. /
A good variety of this new and curious ware
Parian Figures.
Venus, Ariadne, Diana, &e., &a.
Plain French China, Stone Ware and Kitchen Wae
Plain aJd Moulded Glas Ware.
Nb. 447 Broaday,
mats (between Grand and Howard-at
and Successors to, Curtis Taylor,) Philadelphia,
Manufacturers of the only real
Made in the U. States; and of a variety of SUPERIOR
TOILET and SHAVING SOAPS, including their Lapona-
ceous Shaving Compound.
These Soaps invariably take, at the Exhibitions of the
Franklin Institute of Pennsylvania," and of the" Ame-
rican Institute of New-York," the HIGHEST PREMIUMS
awarded to Fancy Soaps alone. Five Silver Medals were
awarded for these Soaps in 1848. 1850, and 1861, and a
PRIZE MEDAL at the World's Fair, 1851.
The above Soaps are sold in New-York by
Wm. H. Cary & Co. Haviland, Keese, & Co
Ruidton, Clark, & Co. Rice & Fmith,
R. B. Haviland & Co. Wm. A. Kinnilly,
D. Berrien, Jr. & Co. T. Jones,
Bacon & Hyde, Wm H. Weed & Co.
Thomas & Rust, A. B. & D. Sands,
Haskell, Merrick, & Bull, E. Chilson. fe 21 tf
JOINTS.-Dr. LITTLEFIELD'S Shields and Plasters
possess advantages over all other remedies, from the faet
that his practical experience for the last twelve years in
treating diseases of the feet, enables him to prepare these
shields to suit all cases, and the manner of application is
such as to afford instant relief to the worst cases of corns,
and are worn without inconvenience.
For sale at all the Druggists on Broadway, and Dr. L.'s
Office, 41 William street, basement of the Exchange.
jal7 3m*_____
LINIMENT.-This is a certain remedy for Rheuma-
tism; it has been tried in severe cases of long standing,
and resulted in perfect cure. Also, in cases of strains and
sprains, this liniment will be found to give the most as-
tonishing immediate relief and subsequent cure.
For Apue in face or breast, and other pains of a kindred
nature, it has been found invaluable.
Testimonials of most undoubted veracity and respecta-
bility may be seen by applying to
T. J. CROWEN, Principal Agent, 599 Broadway, N. Y.
A. B. & D. SANDS, Wholesale Druggists, 141 William
street, will supply dealers.
No family once having tested the healing power of this
Liniment will ever desire to be without it. Price $1 per
bottle. eel3
HOLMES, 289 Broadway, will be engaged at the Cemetery
Grounds daily, until he has taken pictures of the entire
collection, of equal merit to those the American Institute
awarded him a premium medal for, at the late Fair.
Those who wish to obtain the original pictures are re-
spectfully invited to examine the specimens, and leave
their orders at HOLMES' Gallery.
Copies of old Daguerreotypes, Paintings, Engravings,
&c., executed in high perfection. Also, Likenesses of the
living and the dead taken in a superior manner. Citizens,
strangers, and friends who require Daguerreotypes of any
kind, should visit the old Gallery-late HARRISON &
HOl ESS. n15tf
and is, we believe, the only place in the city where this
business is carried on exclusively. We would advise all
persons wishing a first quality Wig or Scalp, to call and ex-
amine the most beautiful and extensive assortment to be
found in the city at this establishment. His new ly invent-
ed Wigs obtained a silver medal at the Fair of the Ameri-
can Institute. Copy the address.
The advantages of the Improved Liqeid Hair Dy.
will at once be appreciated by all who use it. It is only
necessary here to state, that it consists of but two liquids,
entirely free from unpleasant odour, No. land No. 2. No.
1 is first applied, and immediately after, No. 2, and then,
without any time being required for drying, it can be
washed with the strongest soap without disturbing the
colour from the hair. The time (without regard to the
weather) required for colouring eyebrows or whiskers is
from ten to fifteen minutes. Gentlemen's hair about one
hour, and ladies' hair two hours. This really instantane-
ous Liquid Hair Dye is for sale, or applied, at BATCH3B-
LOBRS WIG FACTORY. No. 4Wall street, near Broadway.

i1.No. 296 FRONT STREET, between Montgomery
end Gouverneur-Streets, East River :-Office, 89 Beekman-
at., cor. Cliff-st. The subscriber continues to manufacture,
and has constantly on hand, Printing Ink, of all the varie-
ties of qualities and colour. Printers and Merchants will
find their orders executed at moderate prices, and may be
assured of receiving as good an article as there is in the mar-
COPYING INK.-JOszS'S EseIRB IsK, 87 Nassau
street, (Sun Building, New-York city.) Net prices to the

Fashionable Hatters, No, 156 Broadway, respectfully
solicit the attention of their patrons and the public gene-
rally to the Spring Fashion for Gentlemen's Hlats, which
they will introduce on Saturday, the 14th of February.
B. & Co. feel assured that this style will commend it-
self to the hat.Wearing community, and will insure the
same liberal patronage which they have heretofore re-
N. B.-Hats of any style, to suit the most fastidious,
will be furnished at the shortest notice. mh6
THE WORLD'S FAIR.-It is, we presume, gene-
rally known that a GOLD MEDAL was awarded to Mr.
BRADY for his Daguerreotypes exhibited at the World's
Fair-an acknowledgment that, beyond all doubt, this
gentleman stands at the head of the list of accomplished
Daguerreians in this or any other country. For depth and
softness of tone, artistic arrangement of light and shade
and a natural, life-like expression, the pictures produced
at this establishment have no superiors. Of this fact the
moat skeptical will be convinced by an examination of the
Portraits of the many eminent men now on public exhi-
bition at his Gallery, Nos. 206 and 207 Broadway, corner
of Fulton street mh6 4t*d
their Wine and Grocery, business to 92 Chambers
street, South side, between Broadway and Church streets,
Where they have constantly for sale a complete assort-
ment of
CHOICE GROCERIES, for family use.
Madeira, Sherry, Port, Hock, Claret, and other Wines
Old Brandy, and all kinds of Spirits.
Fine Liqueurs, such as Maraschino, Curacoa, Ab' ynthe,
The choicest Havana Cigars,
And various other imported articles of luxury. nl5 3m
prietor of bthe New-York Mantilla and Cloak store, 51
Canal street, and 63 Lispenard street, begs leave to call
the attention of buyers to his stock of Mantillas and
Cloaks, now selling at sugh an immense sacrifice, to make
room for Spring Fashions, new being biC'treJ be himself
in Paris. His present stock of Velvet A1i- C ItiLt Cloaks,
both circular and pompadour styles, have all been made
up of the best materials, within the last few days, and
warranted perfect, in every respect, although selling at
an enormous reduction. Everything must be cleared out.
d27 8m*d

SIA.-Four First Premium Silver Medals awarded-
one by the American Institute, N. Y., one by the Franklin
Institute, Pa., one by the Maryland Institute, and one by
the Massachusetts Mechanic Association. It is represent-
ed in the report of the twentieth exhibition of the Frank-
lin Institute "to be the best in the United States," and is
offered as equal to Henry's. It is free from unpleasant
taste, and is three times the strength of the common Cal-
cined Magnesia. For sale by the druggists generally, and
wholesale by HAVILAND, KEESE & CO.,
fell 3m* No. 80 Maiden Lane, N. Y.

CO.'S celebrated Melodeons and Seraphines are most uni-
versally acknowledged to be the best instruments of the
kind manufactured in this country. The many improve-
ments they have made in this hitherto so inferior instru-
ment, now make it one of the most desirable and useful
articles of furniture that can be used in a family. In fal
milies, especially, where Sacred Music is taught or prac-
tised, it is invaluable.
The whistling, whining or squeaking tones these instru-
ments used to possess, have now given place to a clear,
pure, round tone, nearly resembling that of the '" Flute
Stop" in the organ. Probably no musical instrument of
any description ever made has met with so extensive and
unprecedented a sale as the Prince Melodeon."
PRIcES.-Melodeon style, from $45 to $75. Seraphines,
Piano Style, an elegant article of furniture, $100.
LFf Beware of imitations. WM. HALL & SON,
Piano Forte and Music Store, 239 Broadway,
Sole Agents for New-York City.
W. H. & S. are also sole agents for the sale ofEmmoen's
CHURCH SERAPHINES, with Stops, Pedal Bass and
Swell. For small churches, vestries, lecture rooms, etc.,
these instruments have no equal.
[07 A premium of a Silver Medal was awarded these
Serapbines at the late Fair of the American Institute in
this city. jalO
S DIA RUBBER GLOVES.-The Ladies' Gardening
and House Gloves are what every lady needs in garden-
ing, and for protection to the hands while engaged in
household affairs. They are made of different lengths, to
protect the wrists and arms from exposure. Gentlemen
will find these gloves just what is desired in gardening,
care of horses, and driving in wet weather. Also Ladies'
Bleachingand Gentlemen's Sporting Mitts. These goods,
by wearing, render the hands soft, and perfectly white.
For sale, wholeale and retail, by Hitchcock & Lead-
beater, 347, Broadway, N. Y.; M. Leighton, 94 Washing-
ton street, Boston; Johlin Thornley, 101 Chestnut street,
Philadelphia; E. M. Punderson & Co., 209 Baltimore
street, Baltimore; Webster & Bellows, Albany; G. V. S.
Quackenbush, Troy; Willard & Sheffield, Utica; I. P. &
I. T. Ballard, Syracuse; Crone & Co., Cleveland; Inslee
& Wagner, Detroit; B Greenough, Portland, Me.; I. &
H. Pbillips, Pittsburgh, Pa.; Bart & Hickcox, cor. Fifth
and Main streets, Cincinnati; Gill & Brother, St. Louis;
Wilder, Gorton. & Co., Rochester; S. 0. Barnum, Buffalo;
and by Dry Goods and Rubber Dealers generally through-
out the Union. mhl3 3m

The demand for this beautiful and graceful instru-
ment has of late so increased that the subscribers have
very much extended their facilities for manufacturing,
and have made on them some
These Guitars have never been surpassed in fulness and
richness of tone, beauty of finish, strength and durabili-
ty; they will stand any climate,being double lined through-
out, and made of the best seasoned materials. The IM-
PROVED PATENT HEAD is also of our own make, and
the simplicity and perfect exactness with which it is man-
ufactured, renders it almost impossible for it to get out of
order. PRICES.
No.1 Guitar (mahogany) in case............. .$15
No. 2 Guitar (rosewood) do..................... 20
No. 3 Guitar do. do..................... 25
No. 4 Guitar do. do.................... 0
No. 5 Guitar do. do.................. 45
No. 6 Guitar do. do.................... 60
The new PATENT CAPO D'ASTRA is great improve.
meant on the old plan, there being no necessity for taking
it off the Guitar, and it can be affixed to any part of the
neck, and detached instantly, while the person is playing.
fel4 3m 239 Broadway, (opposite the Park,) N. Y.

FODBLLUC & CO. have just received from Paris a
fresh supply of PATE D'AMANDIS AU MIxL, which they
recommend as the best article for the prevention and
SUPERFINE SPONGEs, and a large supply of FASOy PuN-
d27 581 Broadway. 250 Fourth Avenue, & 2 Park Row.

great variety of patterns; Harrows. Rollers, Corn-piant-
era and Seed-sowers, Cultivators, Reaping and Mowing
Machines, Horse-powers, Threshiers Fan-Mills, Wagons,
Carts, Hay. and other Presses. Grain Mills, Shovels,
Spades, Scythes, Rakes. Hoes, and all other Farming Im-
plements in use i' the United State,.
HoinRICULTURnAL MiPLEMNxTS.-lPrniing Axes. Hatch-
ets, Saws. Chisels, Knives aod Shears. Lawn and Garden
Rakes, Scuffiers. Spades, Fowks, ond Hoes, Garden En-
gines, Syringes and Water Pots, Feed-sower, of various
pae '.'. ...1 i ...,,,u,. ansi Cultivators, Transplanting
Tr. .. ,irI't,,: I '..i. o., &c.
(.A.,,a5 Ci...-- t,- ri,.; i ;. . ;.nported early
and late Peas- Beans, pu5,. II, ,.,- Carrot, Par-
snip, Melon, Squash. lsumpkin, and a great variety of
all standard Seeds -
GuANO-The bet Peruvian. Also, Bonedust, Pou.
drette, Plastere tf pars, and Phosphate of Lime.
..... A. B. ALLEN & CO.,
mh20 3t* 156 and J91 Water stret, Y.

Quarts per dos. 81 50 6 oz. per doz. 80 50
Pints 100 I 4 o0871
80o. 02*i 2 028
On draught by the gallon, 20ce.
This is the best Ink manufactured. It flows freely, is a
good copying Ink, and will not corrode, mould, precipi
are nor decay. Orders for export or home consumption
carefully and promptly attended to by
mylT THEODORE LENT, 87 Nassau street.
_t HOUSE, Nos. 29 and 31 Gold street, New-York.-
The subscribers continue to manufacture, at greatly re-
duced prices, Printing Presses, Standing Presses, Hydraulic
Presses, &c., of the most approved kinds; among which
are their approved double and single Cylinder Machine
Presses, for newspaper and book work; Card Presses and
the Washington and Smith Hand Presses, with or without
their "Patent Iron Roller-Boys."
Chases, Cases, Imposing Stones, Composing Sticks;
Brass Rule, Furniture, Ink, &o. &a., constantly on hand,
and every article necessary for a complete Printing Office,
including Type, furnished at the shortest notice, and oa.
the most favourable terms.
Old Type received in exchange for new, at nine cents per
Editors and Publishers will be supplied with estimate, in
detail for Printing Offices or Bindery, by informing us of
the quality, and quantity of the style of work they desire
to do. .
The subscribers are prepared to furnish oastings of any
size or description, at the lowest prices.
Cash paid for old Cast Iron.
The subscribers also manufacture Cast Steel Mill, Pit,
Cross Cut, Circular, and other Saws, a supply of which they
keep constantly on hand.
o26 ly R. HRO & CO.

At No. 107lOT Fulton, opposite Dutch street.
TERMS-Three dollars a year, or two dollars if paid in ad-
vance. Three copies are forwarded for one year to one ad-
dress for Five Dollars, in advance. No subscription dis-
continued until all arrearages are paid, unless at the
option of the editors. SINGLE COPIES may be ob-
tained of the principal newspaper agents throughout the
United States and the British Provinces. The paper is left
by careful carriers in the cities of New-York, Brooklyn,
Williamsburgh and Jersey City.
THE HOME JOURNAL is sent by mail to all parts of the
United States, and to the British Provinces, done up in
strong wrappers, with the utnost punctuality and des-
Any Postmaster, or other person, who will send ns Ten
Dollars for six new surabscribers, shall receive a copy Gratis.
Subscriptions, orders, remittances, and all other commu-
nications, to be addressed (post-paid) to the editors.
g3if3g & a#., "=Uias, 0036 WALL AND WATE SI.

Payment to be made in all cases in advance. Money cur-
rent in the Stats where issued will be received at par.
A discount of 25 per cent. from the above prices will be
allowed to Clubs ordering four or more copies of any one
or more of the above works. Thus: Four copies of Black-
wood, or of one Review, will be sent to one address for
$9 ; four copies of the four Reviews and Blackwood for
f $30; and so on.
The postage on these Periodicals has, by the late law,
been reduced, on the average, about forty per cent. The
following are the present rates, viz.:-
Any distance not exceeding 500 miles, 9 ets. per quar.
Over 500 and not exceeding 1500 518
Over 1500 and not exceeding2500 27 "
Any distance not exceeding 500 miles, 4 cents per quar.
Over 500 and not exceeding 1500 8 "
Over 1500 and not exceeding 2500 12 "
At these rates no objection should be made, as hereto-
fore, to receiving the works by mail, and thus ensuring
their speedy, safe, and regular delivery.
Qy Remittances and communications should be al-
ways addressed, post-paid, to the Publishers,
79 FULTON STREoT, New-York,
Entrance 64 Gold street.
N. B.-L. S. & Co. have recently published, and have
now for sale, the "FARMER'S GUIDE," by Henry Ste-
phens of Edinburgh, and Prof. Norton, of Yale College,
New Haven, complete in 2 vols., royal octavo, containing
1600 pages, 14 steel and 600 wood engravings. Price, in
muslin binding, $6; in paper covers, for the mail, $5.
DELLUO & CO. haire just received a very superior
lot of the above Powders, for perfuming linen, &o. &o.
my31 681 Broadway, 250 4th avenue and 2 Pasek Row.
Main street, Springfield, Mass., have constantly on
hand all the new and modern Music of the day, which
they offer to the public on reasonable terms. mho*8m
ESTABLISHMENT.-Office No. 8 John street, two
doors from Broadway, New-York.
The proprietors of this establishment, whose Dying and
Finishing have bpen so long and favourably known to the
community, solicit orders for dying and cleansing Silk,
Woollen, Mdu m anR Fancy Goods, of every description.
Lace and Muclin Curtains, and Crape Shawls, cleansed and
re-finished N tie beot mnner.
nhe 4*t BAB&STZE.'XXP=SS & 00.

THERE is an aim which all Nature seeks;
the flower that opens from the bud-the light
that breaks the cloud into a thousand forms
of beauty-is calmly striving to assume the
perfect glory of its power; and the child,
whose proud laugh heralds the mastery of a
new lesson, unconsciously develops the same
life-impulse seeking to prove the power it has
felt its own."
This is the real goal of life shining dimly
from afar; for, as our fullest power was never
yet attained, it is a treasure which must be
sought, its extent and distance being unknown.
No man can tell what he can do, or suffer, un-
til tried; his path of action broadens out be-
fore him; and, while a path appears, there is
power to traverse it. It is like the fabled hill
of Genius, that ever presented a loftier eleva-
tion above the one attained. It is like the
glory of the stars, which shine by borrowed
light, each seeming source of which is tribu-
tary to one more distant, until the view is lost
to us; yet we inly know there must be a life-
giving centre, and, to the steady mind, though
the goal of life be dim and distant, its light is
fixed and certain, while all lesser aims are but
reflections of this glory in myriad-descending
shades, which must be passed, one by one, as
the steps of the ladder on which he mounts to
Man has an unfortunate predilection to per-
vert whatever God throws in his way to aid
him, and thus turn good to evil. The minor
hopes which spur to action are mistaken for
the final one; and we often look no higher
than some mean wish, allowing that to rule
us which should have been our servant. From
this false view rises little exertion, for it is im-
possible for man to believe in something bet-
ter, and be content with worse. We all aim
at self-control and independence while in the
shadow of a power which controls us, whis-
pering innerly, Thus far shalt thou go, and
no farther;" but how apt is self-indulgence to 1
suit this limit to its own measure, and suffer I