Prickly comfrey as a forage crop


Material Information

Prickly comfrey as a forage crop
Physical Description:
Vinall, H. N ( Harry Nelson ), 1880-1937
United States -- Dept. of Agriculture
United States -- Bureau of Plant Industry
United States -- Government Printing Office
G.P.O. ( Washington, D.C )
Publication Date:

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Resource Identifier:
aleph - 29629849
oclc - 40726633
System ID:

Full Text
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it I i it l Itl- |' :a< i linl I A i I 'f W ( it N i iii ii ii l iL i -I i i [ i ", i & ld
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it' ,t l'>t) i 'lt4 il!i lrl -i l mI I i( lm it i rt i > i I )I) i t l I 1 A r

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r \tiiit i'r \\"i0 ii lix 1 t1 ttl'i' r\t l4tN IHiUt iP l'r r i\ Ills m i n in ;t i it
i lIt( ,t i .lt ;i ol lt i i i i n l I iIi ;> i'I I i l i' i miN r p i n i, tIi l ii lli;it ii ld i '
(i l il t 1 i t litt l: inlN t r -l \\ ;>s lxlllt N Ii c i i i! I -lt i ii iM -
t i iitt In'\ ;i<+_'i'c l lt tiiri-I-.. l'. lu mi ;!-i ( 'litri.-t , |lr+. + il' 1 .o n d il in \', ;i-+ <'-^| > c i~i ll \
|tl't liitlit' i l i t il iN I \ l'li**tl l.t lii tlu ai 5ti tAlit I N ii litN 't li\ li i cI I 't
,ih .crilp ix' 41 At \ lt i' ii tt ti lq :i; "WW'i> +), ila liln \ c fi,.>,
( i i l t t 1'cl'11 n m y and i h'l- l l of.
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in I'ainrd tot, iiic l a d In OH xl il ill ll,< t'tIil,+ S !l+ nI \An- !t. Ir\ .
;t/ l ;i>i l i ti/c \ m ;, i' -Ai< lc i';i l >l inii j t't;itir 1+ 11 in l l i ni n i i ( l\ ;i ~, ;n l',,) ;i 'h ;
1 )P'i \. t l ic O tn, 'rx i lillO ne it i i ;i I > \ltl "\ ,r \\ l0i1i1 > +;,>\ ; :il l
(G e(r'lll*lvt h l nll l1 :wll\ oilt er i"mi lit l'\. wi tl si'+ suti e'( H o w tii r Il>,I \ '
uiscrilx, il l > t il" ii/V l-f ivi' l iiic lne lod. of' ,oi ll i\';ii tiun fiti! [l, il l -111 ;1 1 -i i l
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I~l7r^ vi, Iit l'l tu, ]lic:i\\ ;ipplica':l t~io l' I+'t'r ii+ c't. (t)ill\ u mli T M Kl l li tic+l li
Ods call tm t ih b'l tds of i>+ l'aLmt t iinwit lt llin111 ri t l i '- I'rV oii ( !imui ",, 1> (,\\ |) 'tiv i ll. N ti, d,, f l ti c i'o ,' lll( Ullll' lt X |l(ll'llllr l ll il ) 1 l I ill ICU ll' ; 1 1(q w
'tv iiill rit'f Ii;>\n > t ii lit 1wt (nu mm>iiii ol, I lp icklv o wri vifl '\ in t( w 'ir rI'lxrt s
.,< flar ni imotcil

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|i>rI h hli H hi' | >i t I i tilt \ I t l i t '\ .11 i' l / ri 11 1

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Th' se t s.ialts ,f pr 'ickiv cllifi' v reach n lheihilt o f 2 it) 4- feelt a til

O'TC(Iln (')>l i Ir- Ie,\\h:11 nl !in i!;i'nw iis 1 il texture. (Sev c 1.) 'Ilic
bri--lo-blle' fl<\\ ' ,i'le n > rlt'ro, o>red lh,.-!iv ;! in Ix,,p s,,il ,: ill rea;clh o dh pth ,(4'

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S ,, ) feet. T he1 pllnt is liirdv ;ld \ ill enldure o, -.ih nrlble colhd (r

drouI i'I I. nial.ilp,,' ; vcr\ ;, I 'rowdi 11 \\ liel com d iin I i ..;ri' l'<1v H';lilh .


.Alllml, li (l!' prickly coml'Tr produces lr,' crop) se( d, only a
.iiall l lporcenlt; '(1 of 1l1i.s .eetd \ill go('rl'l ill'.te, s t il is geier:illy found
more pI' l c( ic;lle 1,, plc 1 >l ew1 llc\ s lk h division o f the roots lhsill by
I 'i r. 17 1

II 'I IK I A COM ril AS- A F( )I;A(;IJ C OP

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see/. t hese rool cul 1 nif;- i;i\ beeitlier crow1r cutli sI(fia. 2, B) or
Iran sv I I l Isi('lIte ol i fi t tlhe lw ver taproIoi s (li l. 2, (', ; l thev nIiV b)e
( liite m ll, tht thile 1111111ber sculled h'1om(l Ii sinh(rle plx t wiN]ll be
'onsi deratble even i'll olie (,ear. Thiley 're planted inl rowls. us1allY
Ibt i feet pt :ea l1l Ich i way, or : I'eetl between the rows and I11 to 2
feet a tpart ill tle rto thie dliilcc depelte ending, on the fertility of the
oil. W hell firsl la ted, ile riti sets fris1' 8iven f(t b
thoro i'll cult valtiolt. T] I sets, I 1a: 1e t'IIroII cro )wIn cu t tI I' I USIIallv
bloom tI lie first vear', wlhile It ose ] I( a e ll'rol police, 44 lle 1 t a;liproots will
no0t bloomi il,- at rlle til Ite I sewco d seaso .

('ulli, tiva n shI) would bte c()ntitueId a'ter each cut I i I,.-. [lntil lle planltst
;ille lal'OV en>iou hll 1(o sihazde dhe "round, and a fl ight 1op-di.--i,.. of
1,ititm11,re s oi, tii/ ld e 'ivel tlhe field lifter each cutl tilln if la'7 e andil f're-
(lqiet cri4 )s are to beI (' extpectlel. The tt1isx snlild alwavtls be liade
before seeId li'tl Irilled. FIroil threill e to s'ix ('ops ;i Year may be o tb-
tainedl ll, tili( i roo(it *il field t ptlhiio i t lalt st from l ie telln tio
t \vei It veol' wilth lit replatitiiu', retu niiL aI Yield oti 10 tol 4l0 ton
01, -I-eeil I'eed per acre eaei Vear.

It is as a soilin crop f]or dairy cws talti comlifreyv has proved (of
lIlWos1t vy I I:'. I Dr'. D HenrI Folster, of. CIlifton(d Sprl'lin(s, N. YV. ,llas beeInoI
it ti p l lti,, the i1 st ent usiastic advocate of, co'rllifey fVor this I)Im-
p)os." )octor Fot() e toprI-1d essed his fieht' wilh IIIaIlIIlI Ire aIftevlr eIch
c'littillIg ailild cult ivateu t orfIt'lor ill yi l ie In tli 'I way lie (\ iliiled to IIhivef
s citIe I t vlieIi f 5( li o ls 8Ier ilcl' re ill five cuttil l i s. According to
lis stl lte el t lin to al' it re'edily, and ili( ler crop equaled it
ini Ip ,,t At tlie New Yor'k, A\ 'ricuiiltiriil E'xpl uncti~wi Staltion dlair-\ cow\s at
first riliwe it)e (eait l'rTlv l comllflre C(o11 meal \\,as. (hell sprinil ed
o)ver tlie coelllfiev iu the nm1!/'r", but it was knocked ot" tl'ad licked
)I I fo tli e( bottmi ol' tlhe t'ed boxes. As I last elsolrle, sail was
sc:lltered over thle comlnt'reyv and1 the anililil s< w ,re llitl.s Induced to et.ll
it. They (o ll became i'mo d ol it ;1a1nd altelrw\vald?- ;iate it readilY wit]h-

|+xp(eriieln swe \\ e carried o)tn :at lihe Ne\w Y, rlk A.-ricultiral Experi-
1te11t SlAtiolm i1 \\ ili'h two lots: 4df liofs, z)ivlelr/rinll (;A poullids each,
were 1,ed (t'ilhree week's aill thle comtrev flie,\- would vat, in uhddi-
++ l!''il rl Ncvi "'),'k AV!ricullluir:>l IKxlpcrinicnli S l m lullclin 2'2, i t ., Ne\ Y rk" g \ ricihll Iri l ,K riii dt 1hit m. pp. 2!)2 29)'7
I ti.. 17 I

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I4U'L:;ritlini r 11'' l '- Iit irk i Il ,iv tnifmr \. l1' N c )w, k A ul rin\ i nll1 i I
Experimtll Slilalioi r'!v',o ;i- a, 1' -: M()iir t rind- ihmiidicnic HilM it
is ot Ito, N i t c h* e itli l r lim \ or vin-il.mi l i ii'-, I I li il iit I,
('iii(" l(o t lin/ tit ;i >tilnii cr+oj)+. I l<]'. iu-o [)r it :- !' be t ii '-r l i, .. '*o Inc
, XtlTiit for >ll+"-l ;tn1 i It to I i t to li 1ii 1t N I it I il, ;l I -t u r i m ti l I t i l.


VIroiii II to l It Ioi [ t it'l il tl I | tr o'ti Nin, rut iT x ilm l 1i \ t ii
Ntlw l 'lW, i or \ +tit'!iill it il tl.\ ) r ,in S iii I (o 1S\ l1to \ I I
" Ml 't;llio>lw ` to 17 L t oi tn' w ulo l !i ("h ',1 iO l >mtl'd in 'l ;I .' ;ol i :'; .
tons b, tv x> \\ i-coii-ii -i ;i l ioin.i

IiM ;dr\ Y&lltI t (lt Il1it \\i-t in-m 4 \A i'iW+illii ,i Kxp i Nc Sl itt i1
t'etiX [lt't 1; vi h l l t r t ). 17t ti lltl -d ol coinl r,'\ t, 1 ic ncr <'.c li i[> r t I
71N.)7 |)im id- id r"d clov F i' I ;' le l' iii .- ,\ I iili A ++'i 'K'il tl iir til l x~''.\ iinrii't t lt.i t ii ii tr p o rlt -- l n>
'rim',t iut), i s,''.m i ii!. W k w i tllund I 10 p ino ,++!1 t1'i m rv: l ")rt H+it, I t
\ 411 iwd [ iX -4r o diLs<-l de Nin li i n I 1 o |r(o JO IN llori, itid
tvw cIlva o |)r ;i ~ n 'i| \>' f w :

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ro el .i . ...... . .. .. 119. 2 .
T oi h l ( ,,l-i i- l Ih II;I T ..... .. I0!i. 9 1 i l 271. s
T ola} ) ricn m au n-.'1 .] . . ... . . ...... ]1t.,5>(10.( 1 1,0(10.0 14.;iOU.Ut

These li"un's indicate tliat although tihe vield of 0'rTei 111m1ater is
-raler il rickl omley, lIe real food valll ( is likely to h1e hes:ls t1an
lthiat of Ile commonly IIv ow for"w C0age (rops.


At the Wisconsin A-ricultural Experiment Station 11 equal areas of
ced clover and conmifivev were planted in 1SS7. T'l comlfrev was N top-
dre'ssed iiea\vilx xxvit I -Istalle manure. Yiehls of both IWel' determined
I lie ,ecomld vear, the clitinl)s ein mI;lde' witt ) sc The red
clover returned b Ioins of trveen feedl to tie acre ill lhree ('tlins,
and tl coi fre' (;l', I o-s. SamplesI1- \'re taken of tie clittings of
litl(i er()j)s a itl lie di l Iatlll determlined(l. "lhe r(edI clover pto-
duced 2:) per cent IImore O)f' to ta r v natter and 25 p' ee(i llmore
protein in thliree ctll;ilg- lia tlie coinlfrex did ill folir. A more
ilmporlltanit difflerlence etwxeeln Ill two crops is ill tlie lesser cost of
planilini" auild laive-l iil' he led clover I alld its greater palatabilitv to
stock. It Ixwuldll seem ll I at Iprickl ,v (cl I'Ie eall lil t llcompete with
Ire(d cloves aa (oriap e crot fmr tlie ,elleiral flailuie'.


In Michij-lian '' comt'rev xws a 'l, side Lv side l itlh ensilage corn,
and hew trials "itluht- e(i'ihliaieallx tlhat in Ihle soil and climate
existing at tIhe lMicllian Itatlolim corn is tai supeliorw isa a aforiage (rop
to 'oIIifry."

The older plan imi of io m/il'eY,, at tlie New York l &.A cricultlural
LExperimenllt Statlo(ll d(t.u'ilg IS"S9 -ave \a [i(l of I I tol's of greeii
mailetr pe'r acre. Alfalfa idilrili liel same period Yielded limore than
H; hills of <"reenl matter per acre.


(,oil'rex lhas v iel l,'ee r in at the Nort Ii Crodliia A ri'uill ural Ex)pe'ri-
mieill Statioi since IS99)).' It rew well ll ht xas injured bv Iboth c'ater-
pillrs amnld a 'lniolls disease which reduced the cli'p l o xtwo ol three
ll<[)< t, \Vi-coiisil> A\'ricullundl l ;xperimlnw l S!talio ISS1 !. pp. 2), 7 ;n ld 11.
1) I' l!nllc in Ii<4iii(iii .\ic \-ricul tllr;al I':xpcritw'i nl stlil ion. pp. *3I alld 1 1.
'' Iiulhrl in 7:;'. N

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