The Madisonian


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The Madisonian
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Thomas Allen ( Washington City D.C. )
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Editor and Proprietox.
'LEWIS H. DOBELBOWER, 34 Catharine street, Phi-
J. R. WELDIN, Pittsburg, Pa.
C. W. JAMES, Cincinnati, Ohio.
HENRY S. MEEKS, 464 Bowery, New York.
GEORGE W. BULL, Buffalo, N. York.
JACOB R. How, Auburn, N. York.
E. B. FOSTER, Boston, Mass.
THOMAS H. WILEY, Cahawba, Alabama.
WESTON F. BIRCH, Fayette, Missouri.
JOSIAH SNOW, Detroit, Michigan.
FowzER & WOODWARD, St. Louis, Mo.

S THE MADISONIAN is published Tri-weekly during
the sittings of Congress, and Semi-weekly during the
recess, at $5. per annum. For six months, $3.
The Madisonian, weekly, per annum, $2; do. six
months, $1.
No subscription will be taken for a term short of
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tance has been duly main>-. .
A liberal discount will be made to c',.mpawMs of
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Postmasters, and others authorized, acting as our
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Letters and communications intended for the estab-
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N the county of Botetourt, Virginia, on the Turn-
pike leading from Lynchburg to the White Sul-
phur and other Virginia Springs and nearly equi-
distant between Lyncliburg arid Lewisburg, are again
ready lor the reception of company. They are neatly
and extensively improved: and afford excellent ac-
commodations for 200 persons. Those who visit them
will find a good table, well trained and attentive ser-
vants, firat rate music, an obliging host, with active and
competent assistants, and moderate charges. The in-
creasing reputation of the water, andti the facility with
which the place may be reached, have, for the last
three years, trebled the number of visiters-Fifteen
hundred persons visited these springs last season for
the benefit of the water.
Members of Congress and others from the West
and Southwest, who have never seen this place, are
resp'ctlully recommended to take Ithis route en their
return home. To the people of Eastern Virginia, and
all front the North and elsewhere, who pass through
Richmond on their way to the Virginia watering
places, or the more distant West, I beg leave to re-
commrend the beautiful Packet Boats of Messrs, Boyd,
Edmund & Co., as furnishing the safest and most
agreeable mode of conveyance to Lynchburg: from
which place the travelling is performed in excellent
Coaches, over a good turnpike, affording successive
and highly interesting views of James River and the
Blue Ridge Canal, along the Balcony Falls, and pass-
ing directly over the Natural Bridge, and by Dibrell's
to the White Sulphur-And be it remembered, that
on this route there is no night travelling in the
Stages.-They leave Lynchburg at 4 o'clock in the
morning, breakfast at Eagle's Eyrie, dine at the Natu-
ral Bridge, and arrive at Dibrell's Springs by sun-
set-leave Dibrell's Springs next morning after
breakfast, dine at Callaghan's, 'and arrive at Lewis-
burg before dark-dropping at the White Sulphur,
before sunset, all who may desire to stop there.-
Two lines of Stages (one of them a daily line) pass
the Natural Bridge and Dibrell's Spring, and those
who wish to stop at the latter place, can do so with
a certainty of resuming their journey at any hour
they may desire.
The following analysis of the water of Dibrell's
Springs by Professor Rogers of the University of
Virginia,will show their valuable properties:
Carbonate of Soda, Chloride of Potassium,
Sulphate of Soda, Carbonate of Lime,
Chloride of Sodium, Organic Matter contain.
Carbonate of Magnesia, ing Nitrogen,
Per Oxide of Iron, Carbonate of Ammonia.
Silica, dissolved,
Carbonic Acid Oxygen.
Sulphurretted Hydrogen, Nitrogen.
For the information of those at a distance, the testi-
monials of distinguished medical gentlemen have
heretofore been published, and a letter from Dr Bar-
ton, a highly intelligent physician, is annexed;
"In reply to your inquiries relative to my personal
experience of the medicinal virtues of the waters of
Dibrell's Springs, it gives me pleasure to state, that I
have invariably received decided benefit from their use
in my own case, Dyspepsia connected with a torpid
state of the liver; andi both from experience and ob-
servation, should feel great confidence in recommend-
ing them in all similar affections-Indeed, in all those
cases denominated bilious, but which in fact arise
most generally from an indolent state of the liver, and
defective secretion of bile, and which are often united
with a defective action of the whole Chylopmeticvisce-
ra, I should feel the utmost confidence in recommend-
ing them.-In many instances, after drinking this
water a few days, I have seen a powerful influence on
the Bowels, the Kidneys and the Skin. In con-
nexion, however, with the medicinal properties of the
water, and the purity of your atmosphere, it would be
doing injustice to your table, not say that on it every
thing may be found which a Physician would be dis-
pos(d to recommend to a valetudinarian."
The undersigned respectfully invites his old friends
and others, to call and see him, believing as he con-
scientiously dos, that there is no watering place in
Virginia, presenting greater inducements to those in
pui suit of health or pleasure.
universal p ,polar statistics of the Commerce, Ag-
riculture, Revenue, Goveinment, Manufactures, Popu
!ation, Army, Navy, Religion, Crime, Press, Geogra-
phy, History, Remarkable Features and Events, Navi
gallon, Inventions, Discoveries, &c., &c., of every
Nation on ihe Glhbe'; with the U. S. Census of 184(1,
Statistics of the Bible and Missionary Societies of the
World, of Specie, Currency, Banking, Steam, Cotton,
Iron, C al, Sik, Geology, &c., &c., a Biographical
Su:mary of Eminent Men of all Nations, and a great
amount of other useful matter-all contained in one
volume for the pocket, or writing desk, or for the tra-
veller. Price one dollar, dedicated to the Manufamctt-
rers, Farmers, Merchants, and Mechanics of the Uni-
ted States. Just published, and this day received fur
sale by F. TAYLOR.
july 3
L AW LIBRARY, bound set.-Twelve volumes,
consecutive, of Ihe Law Library, the early part
of it, aie for sale by F. TAYLOR, at no advance up-
on the original subscription price, except the cost for
binding. This work is now scarce and difficult to be
procured-ione copy only for sale. july 15

Dujarday, volumes Paris, 1839; price 52 50.
Isjust received and for sale for the authoress, by F.
TAYLOR. july 13

A RGUMENT of Robert J. Walker before the Su-
- preme Court of the U. States on the Mississippi
Slave question, involving the power of C..ri!.., and
of the States to prohibit the inter-State -Ir I1'rade
and the whole doctrine of illegal contracts. For sale
in pamphlet, by F. TAYLOR.
july 15
TEVEN'S BLUE FLUIDS.-Just received per
packet ship Samson, from London, a laige assort-
ment of Steven's incomparable Fluids in large and
emall-sized stone jugs.
For sale, wholesale and retail, by
WM. F. BAYLY, Agent for
J. K. HERRICK, Pennsylvania
july 10 Avenue between 3d and 4 1-2 streets.
Goodwin's and Hubbard's Demy, Medium, Roy-
al, Super Royal and Imperial Writing Papers of best
qualities. Also, Butler's Folio Post Paper, fine and
common quality.
Double Cap, fine satin surface, for sale by
WM. F. BAYLY, Agent for
J. K. HERRICK, Pennsylvania
july 10 Avenue between 3d and 4 1-2 streets.



T is the object of the Law Library to furnish the
profession with the most important British element-
ary treatises upon law, in a form which will render
them far less expensive than works of this description
have hitherto been. It is published in monthly num-
bers, large octavo, of about 200 pages each, upon fine
paper, and with handsome type, at ten dollars per
annum, and is sent carefully secured, by mail, to every
art of the United States. It makes, in a year, feur
large, handsome octavo volumes, of upwards of 600
pages each, and these volumes include works which
would coqt, if purchased in the usual foirm, from se-
venty to seventy-five dollars per year. From eight to
twelve entire treatises on different branches of law
are annually given, and great care is taken that all
these treatises shall be standard, and of undoubted
ability and authority.
The undersigned has at all times confidently rested
the claim of his publication to the support of the pro-
fession, upon the comprehensive excellence of the plan
on which it is conducted, and the character and in-
trinsic value of the productions-to which it has given
circulation. He is unwilling, however, to omit to
avail himself of the permission, most kindly given, to
publish the following extract from a letter addressed to
him by the Hon. Esek Cowen, of the Supreme Court
of New York:
"I renew my thanks to you for this publication. I
can hardly doubt that the profession must duly appre-
ciate its value, and reciprocate your cale in its conduct
and distribution, by an adequate subscription and
punctual remittances. It is ih truth, what it professes
to be, a 'Law Library.' It has already become a manu-
al in almost all the more useful branches of profes-
sional business. I am quite sure it will, if properly
patronized, stand without a rival in the extent and
cheapness with which it will diffuse that kind of in-
mtruction most sought by the American bar. It keeps
them up with Westminster Hall in those departments
of legal learning wherein it is their ambition and duty
to excel."
Subjoined are a few testimonials, from many, which
the publisher has received from distinguished sources:
From Judge Sergeant.-" The plan of the Law
Library is such as to recommend it to the support of
the profession generally in the United States. It is
calculated to enlarge the science of jurisprudence, and
to elevate the character of the profession."
From Hen. John Tayloe Lomax, of Virginia.-
The references in my digest have been numerous to
the excellent treatises published in the Law Library ;
for the extensive circulation which that periodical mhe-
rits, and has doubtless attained, has made these au-
thorities, it is presumed, generally accessible through-
out the United States."
"I am surprised that any member of the legal profes-
sion should withhold his subscription to your admi-
rable Law Library."
From Chancellor Kent. -The Law Library is e
work most advantageous to the profession, and I hopa
and trust that you will find encouragement to perse-
vere in it."
From the Hon. Ellis Lewis.-"Your publication is
cheap, and of immense value to the profession-"
From the Han. John M. Clayton, late Senator from
Delaware.-" You are entitled to the thanks of every
member of our profession for the 'Law Library.' It is
an excellent thing for us."
From the National &azette-" Mr. John S. Littell
has adopted the only plan by which valuable works
can be brought within the reach of the mass of the
profession, and we speak with confidence of his under-
taking as eminently meriting patronage and support.
The assiduity and experience of the editor of the Law
Library, and the character ofthe productions to which
it has given circulation, do not need our testimony."
From the Hon. R. Biddle.-"Of the numerous trea-
tises the Law Library has placed within our reach, at
a cheap rate, there are few, if any, which I would not
have procuied e"en at the great price of imported Law
From Judge Layton-"Your invaluable publica-
tion should grace the shelves of every lawyer's li-
Subscriptions for the Law Library may commence
with July or with October, 1840, or with January,
1841. Terms-paymernt for oneyear, in advance, $10
Law Bookseller and Publisher,
dec 22-tf No. 23, Minor at., Philadelphia.
Sprigs, Virginia.-This long-established board-
ing house is now open for the entertainment of visit-
ers. With the principal buildings are connected se-
veral comfoi table out-houses, together with W. Hun-
ter's large boarding house.
Grateful for past encouragement, nothing will be
omitted to merit a continuance by the Public's humble
servants, F. O'FERRALL,
july 24-lm

W. Sinmms, author of The Partisan," The
Yemrassee," &c., from its first discovery, 1 vol., 1840.
LINA, from the earliest period, in two volumes, just
received for sale by
july 22 F. TAYLOR.
plete in one volume, (thin octavo) new edition.
London, 1840-edited, with a biography and critical
notices, by Leigh Hunt-price $1 50. Just imported
(a few copies only) by
july 22 F. TAYLOR.
CHAN t SEAMEN, according to the general
Maritime Law, and the statutes of the United Siates,
1 vol., 1841, by George Ticknor Curtis, of the Boston
Bar, this day received for sale by
july22 F. TAYLOR.
PATENT OPEICE, 6th July, 1841.
N the petition of Harvey W. Campbell, of Lock-
port, in the county of Lockport, and State of
New York, dated the 25th dsy of June, 1841, praying
for an extension of his Patent for a new and useful
improvement in the floating excavator, for seven years
from the expiration of said Patent which takes place
on the 22d day of January, 1,42.
It is ordered, That the said petition be heard at the
Patent Office on the first Monday in October next, at
12 o'clock, M., and all persons are notified to appear,
and show cause, if any they have, why said petition
ought not to be granted.
Ordered, also, that this notice be published in the
National Intelligencer, and Madisonian, printed at
Washington City, the Boston Courier, printed at
Boston. and the Commercial Advertiser, printed at
New York city, once a week, three weeks previous to
the 1st Monday in October next.
Commissioner of Patents.
The papers named above will publish the same, and
send their accounts to the Patent Office.
july 8l-law3w
T HIS is to give notice that the subscriber hasob-
tained fromim the Orphan's Court of Washington
County in the District of Columbia, Letters of Adimin-
istration on the personal estate of Johr Buchaman
late of'the United States service, deceased. All per-
sons having claims against the deceased, are hereby
warned to exhibit the same with the vouchers tlIereof
to the subscriber on or before tmke 15th day of July
next they may otherwise by law be excluded from all
benefit of said estate.
Given under my hand this 15th day of July
A. D. 1841.

july 16-Iaw3w*.

N. CALLAN, Jr. Adminr.

SED WRITING FLUID.-Stevens' Brilliant
Red Writing Fluid, a most splendid and beautiful
Also Stevens' other writing Fluids.
Maynard & Noyes Superior Black Writing Ink in
large and small sized bottles.
Arnold's and Terry's superior copying Ink. For
sale by WM. F. BAYLY, Agent for
Pennsylvania Avenue, between 3d and
july 27 4 1-2 streets.
Q-UILLS FUR SCHOOLS.-Russia Quills in
good order, also a fi ne lat of low priced Quills suit-
able for Schools, Welch Slates with oak frames, and
cheap Cap and Letter papers for sale by
WM. F. BAYLY, Agent for
Pennsylvania Avenue, between 3d and
july 27 4 1-'2 streets.

From Blackwood's Magazine.
If HoPE be dead-why seek to live 1
For what beside has Life to give 7
Love, Life, and Youth, and Beauty, too,
If Hope be dead-say what are you I
Lore without Hope! It cannot be,
There is a vessel on yon sea
Becalmed and sailless as Despair,
And know-'tis helpless Love floats there.
Life without Hope! Oh, that is not
To live! but, day by day, th rot,
With feelings cold and passions dead:
To wander o'er the world, and tread
Upon its beauties; anti to gaze,
Quite vacant, o'er its flowery maze
Oh! think, if this be Life? then say-
Who lives when Hope has fled away ."
Youth without Hope! An endless night,
Trees which have felt the cold spring's blight,
Tte lightning's flashes and time thunder's strife,
Yet pine away a weary life
Which older would have sunk and died
Beneath the stroke their youth di fied-
But curet with length of days, are left
To rail at Youth of Hope bereft.
And Beauty, too, when Hope is gone-
Has lost the ray in which it shone;
And, seen without the's borrowed light,
Has lost the beam which made it bright.
Now what avail the silken hair,
The angel smile, and gentle air,
The beaming eye, and glance refined-
Faint sermblanhce of that purer mind-
As gold dust, -I-.,,llii.. in thie sun,
Points whure :..- i, hI. r strata run?
Alas! they now just seem to be
Bestowed to mock at Misery.
They speak ofdays long, long gone by,
Then point to cold Reality,
And, with a death like smile, they say-
"Oh! what are we when Hope's away 7"
Then Lore, Life, Youth, and Beauty, ton,
When seen without Hope's bright'ning linhue,
All sigh in MISERY'S saddest tone,
"Why seek to live if Hope be gone'l"

JC The following by Laman Blanchard, from the
last number of Cruikahank's Omnibus," is an amu-
sing weaving together of lines from favorite poets, fa-
miliar as nursery hymns :
Lives there a man with soul so dead,
Who never to himself has said,
'Slhoot folly as it flies?'
Oh more than tears of blood can tell,
Are in that word farewell, farewell, !
'Tis fully to be wise.
And what is friendship but a name,
That boils on Etna's breast of flame I
Thus runs the world away;
Sweet is the ship that's under sail
To where yon taper cheers the vale,
With hospitable ray!
Drink to me only with thine eyes
Through cloudless climes and starry skies!
My native land, good night!
Adieu, adieu, my native shore ;
'Tis Greece, but living Greece no more-
Whatever is is right!"
Here is a sonnet which appeared in a small volume
called "Thoughts in Rhyme, by Charles Feist,'"
published some sixteen years ago, which doubtless
furnished Mr. Blanchard with a hint for the forego-
Inserted by permission of one of the Family.
"Admirable, Sir Fretful, admirable;
You never did any thing beyond it, Sin F',ifi,,
Never in your life." SiERir, AN.
The curfew tolls the knell of parting day,
And N.,VI 'his black agents spread her curtain wide
O'er herb, fiuit, flower, my solitary pride !
Dimming my sight, and s .i, ih. .i.. n,\ survey.
Here could I wear my ( rl I. Il. a,% 'y,
,.Cheerful though grave, andl lively though serene,
Where all conspires to beautify the scene,
And give the moral springs their proper play.
0, feast of reason, and of soul the flow!
From academic shades and learned halls,
In sweet forgetfulness of pain and wo,
When Chanticleer with clarion shrill recalls
The tardy day,-oh, then with cloudless brow,
Again I'll come, ye woods and wilds and waterfalls.

Malo me Galatea petit, lasciva puella,
Et fugit ad salices, et re cupit ante videri.-Eel. III
The wanton girl, as Virgil sings,
Who apples at her lover flings,
And flies into the wood,
Before she seeks thie doubtful screen
Takes s-ecial care she may be seen,
And, as she hopes, pursued.
So have I seen a spirit rampant
At office cast an eye aslant,
Wide from his destined way;
And while he seemed in haste to go,
His bu-tle only served to show
How much he wished to stay !


We have before uc the manuscript narrative
of Mr. JoHN WOOD, an American soldier of the
last war, who has b en twenty-eight years sepa-
rated from his family and friends by being in
fact a prisoner in the British East India service.
His narrative bears almost the impress of fiction,
so strange are the incidents through which he
has passed ; but his appearance indicates that he
is one who has no motive for deception, and
those who know him, of whom there are two
or three respectable citizens, vouch for the truth
of hi, statements.
This spring when Mr. Wood got able to trav-
el, he left Detrort and travelled over the old bat-
tle grounri, and from thence to Fort Wayneand
Lafayette on the Wabash river, expecting logo
down the Wabash on a steamboat, but the water
being too low, he took passage in a two-horse
wagon with a friend to Bellrille, Illinois, and
from there walked to St. Louis. After remain-
ing a week or more, he left for Natchez on Sun-
day last, on board the steamboat Gen. Pratte,
in search of his family. What must be the feel-
ings of his family, if any of them are yet alive,
when he shall return --St. Louis Republican.

I was born in Mason county, Kentucky, Jan-
uary 10, 1785, and a kinsman of Major Enos
Wood, of the United States Engineers. He
was my uncle and was with Gen. Harrison at
the siege of Fort Meigs, and at the battle of
the Thames-he was afterwards killed at Fort
At the time war was declared in 1812, I was
living with my wife and two small children, on
a farm which I had purchased in Adams county,
Mississippi, near Natchez, and feeling it my
duty to enroll myself in the service of my coun-
try, I enlisted in the 17th U. S. Regt. of foot,
and joined General Harrison at Fort Washing-

ton, marched under his personal command to
Fort Wayne, and after some fighting with the
Indians, who had that fort in their possession,
we took it, and burned their towns in its vicin-
ity, and compelled them to flee from that part of
the country. While we were doing well under
the leader of our choice, Gen. Winchester came
on and took the command of the army-this
change was the cause of universal regret and
some discontent.
Winchester moved with the main body of the
army to Fort Defiance, and soon after General
Harrison made his appearance among us again

as our commander, which made our hearts glad
once more.
It now fell to my lot to accompany General
Winchester to the Rapids of the Maumee,
where we began to erect Fort Meigs, and while
thus employed, were precipitated into a fatal ac-
tion near the River Raisin-here Winchester
acted independent of his superior, Harrison,
who knew nothing of this movement which
proved fatal to the flower of his army. I was
among the few who escaped the general mas-
sacre ; but, alas, I was a captive and was sent
with Lewis, Madison, and others, to Quebec,
where I was separated from my officers and sent
to a prison hulk in Plymouth, England, and
was soon after ordered to be sent to Dartmoor.
On my way to that place I made my escape
from the escort in the night, but could not suc-
ceed in getting out of England. After being at
large three days, I was taken up by a press gang
and dragged on board a man-of-war, although I
said all I could to get sent back to prison again,
but I might as well have addressed the wind.-
They would brow beat me down that I was no
American, but that my pretension was only to
get clear of the service; so that I soon found
there was no alternative left me but to join them
in their predatory warfare against my country,
or make my escape from them. I was resolved
to try the latter, and although there were seven
of us, all young and resolute, who had resolved
on liberty at all hazards, and although we got
clear of the ships three times, yet, somehow,
we would be taken and brought back, when we
made some work for the boatswain and his cat
o'ninetails, as well as the armorer in putting us
in irons. Thisonly made us the moreresolved on
leaving such tyrants ; but at last we were sent to
Cockburn's fleet to get the benefit of a general
court martial-the crime with which we were
charged was that of destroying a boat and re-
peated desertions, and not returning until brought
back by force of arms. We tried hard to get
leave to write to our friends to get proof of be-
ing Americans; but the President (General
Ross) told us that there was too much evidence
of guilt for us to hope toget clear, and advised us
to plead guilty and throw ourselves on the mer-
cy of the court. He was told that we were
not subjects of his Majesty, and therefore were
no deserters ; on this he called us to silence, and
would hear no more. So in a few minutes we
were informed that we were to suffer death by
being shot. At the same time we were told we
should be recommended to mercy, and in five
days after it was announced to us that we were
to serve as soldiers in any regiment, troop, or
company, in the East Indies, during our natural
And now I have been crouching under the
British flag twenty-four years, in torrid Hindos-
tan, until I became deaf and worn out and pro-
nounced unfit tor service. Providence raised
me up friends there and had me sent to Eng-
land as an indoor pensioner, and through the
interposition of the same Providence, I got out
to Quebec, and after spending last winter in the
hospital at Detroit, I have now got this far on
my way home-pennyless but not friendless-
after being deprived of wife, children, liberty,
and all that could render life desirable. Yes-
twenty-eight long years have I been held in du-
rance vile. Surely I may exclaim, the cruel
wars !
If I live to find a home this side of the grave,
I will publish an account of my twenty-eight
years adventure.
Pity the sorrows of a poor old man
Whose tIembling limbs have borne
Him to your" city.
ST. Louis, July 6th. JOHN WOOD.

From the British Journals.
Notwithstanding that "there is nothing new
under the sun," the attractive spirit of novelty-
seeking has very curiously manifested itself in
the metropolis in the shape of two musical in-
struments, which, if not absolutely new as to
first principles, are wholly and successfully so
in their application. They differ widely as to
their means of tone, the one exclusively taxing
wood, the other stone, for its music, while the
mechanical perfection of the one exceeds that
of the other proportionably to the superior pli-
ancyof its materials, yet-remembering that the
vibratory excitement is, in one case, friction,
and on the other percussion, and the tones, con-
sequently, in that sustained, and in this detach-
ed-the results are strikingly similar, and, in
both instances, highly pleasing.
The former instrument claims our first notice.
It is named the "Terpodion," and is in course
of daily exhibition by its inventor, M. Busch-
mann, at the Adelaide Gallery. In external ap-
pearance it differs only from the square piano
forte in being somewhat shorter and deeper
than that instrument. It has a clavier of six-
and-a-half octaves' compass, on which the per-
former is enabled to execute almost any species
of music with the slight additional duty of pre-
serving a rotatory motion within the instrument
by means of the foot employed as in the common
turning lathe ; and the gradations of its power
are produced by variety of touch alone, and with-
out the intervention of any Vcnitian swell or
other secondary mechanism. Its tone, which
is remarkably agreeable, varies as much in quali-
ty as in quantity with the degree of pressure ex-
ercised in its production. In the upper half of
its compass this quality closely resembles, under
varying pressure, a well-voiced stop-diapason of
an organ, a claribella or wood open diapa.on,
or the more reedy tone of a metal pipe of the
same length ; in the tenor part of its range the
tone is more generally similar to that of a metal
diapason; while the quality of its extreme bass
notes is unlike that of any other sound we have
heard--wanting the decision of an organ pipe,
or the crispness of a double-bass string, but be-
ing still extremely effective and in
supporting extended harmonies in the upper
part of the instrume t.
As M. Buschnuann has not patented his inven-
tion, and is consequently unwviling to permit a
minute inspection of its details, we are unable
to describe, accurately and technically, the me-
chanical arrangement of the Terpodion, and
can, therefore, merely lay before our readers
such a general account as we have orally receiv-
ed. An antique Chinese instrument, in which
tone is produced by percussion on small pieces
of wood supported by hundles of straw, appears
to have furnished M. Busehmann with an idea
of which lie has very ingeniously availed him-
self. A piece of sonorous wood-deal, we be-
lieve, tuned by length and thickness to the re-
quired pitch, is attached by one end (and with
a juncture contrived not to check vibration) to
each key of the instrument, and carries at its
other extremity a wire, armed at its outer end
with a small cushion or button of some soft
material. On these cushions being pressed by
the action of the keys, against the surface of a
revolving cylinder of hard wood, a tremulous
motion is communicated through the wires to
their respective pie.-es of wood, or, as they must
be considered, reeds, which are consequently
thrown into a state of vibration proportionate to

their length and thickness, and thus produce
tone. By what intermediate contrivances the
motions are effected, or how a sufficient vibra-
tion is insured by contact with a smooth revolv-
ing surface, we are, as before stated, unable to
explain, but can, at least, state that the operation
is unfailing, both in the gentlest commencement
of the vibrations, and in the increase to their ut-
most power, and that so pure and delicate is the
tone when piano, and so clear and brilliant
whenforte, as to defy any correct guess at the

the corresponding natural notes are placed in the
vacant spaces above. On this rough-looking
instrument, the inventor's three sons perform a
variety of pieces by striking the stones with
wooden mallets, and while the auditor is grati-
fied by the effect, he cannot fail to remark the
address with which the players execute passages
which are obviously derived from piano forte
arrangements. The tones extracted from these
unyielding materials are strikingly sweet and
glassy in quality, and, at a little distance, the

means of its production, except in the case of
the extreme bass notes, the origin of which is
easily discernible by their resemblance to the
sound produced by lightly passing the point
of a wet finger over a thin panel of wood.
Among the structural advantages of the Ter-
podion may be mentioned the simplicity of its
action, and its consequent illiability to derange.
ment, and its permanency* of pitch, resulting
from the slight effect of a varying temperature
on the material of which its vibrating strings are
composed. Its chief musical advantage is the
admiirable crescendo, prod-.i:cible by increase of
pressure on its keys alone, on which point it is
decidedly superior to any of its pseudo-organ
competitors. A little practice will be found ne-
cessary for the proper handling of this power,
since pressure increased beyond a certain limit
appears to suspend all musical vibration, and
substitutes a loud and harsh screaming; this,
however, is consequent on the nature of the in-
strument, and may easily be avoided. An ex-
cellent illustration of the unique properly of the
rerpodion above described, may be observed
during the neat performances of Mr. and Ma-
dame Buschmann, in which we frequently hear
harmonies sustained pianissimo, while melo-
dies, executed with the full power of the instru-
ment, surround and even pass through the ac-
companying chords without dJl.ubir.n their re-
lative strength of tone-an t&,r .-." which no
other instrument is capable, except an organ
with two or three claviers.
On the whole, it is avery gratifying exhibition,
and without any drawback save the showman-
like announcement which prefaces the perform-
ance, and which, after a rambling description of
its structure, informs the auditors that the Ter-
podion "has as much power as an organ of a
sixteen feet pip ." This statement has, strictly
speaking, no meaning; but as, of course, its de-
signs to compare M. Buschmann's instrument
with such an organ as usually contains a CCC
pipe, we must unhesitatingly contradict it;-the
power of the Terpodion, although considerable,
bears no more comparison with that of such an
organ, than does a violin quartet with a full
band. This kind of puffing mis-statemient is
not easily reconcileable with German straight-
forwardness of character-still less so with the
objects of a scientific institution ; and as the in-
vention will really stand very well on its own
merits, such a system of flourish ought to bt"
The second instrumental novelty we have i.,
describe is of a far more unsophisticated kind
than the foregoing;-it is, literally speaking,
"rough from the quarry," and this circumstance
combines with the unexpected nature of the re-
sults to render the whole but more surprising-
It is called "The Rock Harmonicon;"-the
source of its effects is implied in its name; and
thus, for the first time, are we made aware that
after forcing all manner of treasures from the
bowels of the earth-that after successfully ran-
sacking stones for fuel, precious gems, not less
precious metals, and even sermons, there is still
music to be won for the trying. The inventor
of this curious instrument is a Mr. Joseph Rich.
ard, a native of Crossthwaite, in Cumberland,
and by trade a mason. Masons there are not,
as with us, mere carvers of such genteel blocks
as are supplied for the fashionable buildings of
London; they are, like their olden prototypes,
genuine hewers of stone in the mountains,
where, with blast and wedge, geology is practi-
cally discussed by tons weight at once; and Mr.
Richardson informs us, among such scenes as
these was his attention first attracted to the mu-
sical tones emitted by certain species of rock
when struck in the course of his labors. But
Mr. Richardson was not a mere craftsman-not
exclusively a man of chisels and gravels; he
treasured up his observations, he had musical
feeling exciting a wish to turn them to account,
and enthusiasm of purpose for the completion
of his project. We have beside us an extract
from the ', Cumberland Packet," which so gra-
phically, and it would seem, authentically, de-
scribes the progress of this work, while it reads
a profitable lecture on the sure success of well-
aimed determination, that we cannot forego the
pleasure of quoting it:-
"' In the year 1837, the inventor of the Rock
Harmonicon was employed in building a house
at Thornthwaite, and afterwards at Braith-
waite, in the neighborhood of Keswick, and he
then, for'the first time, began to collect the stones
of which the Rock Harnionicon was intended
to be composed. The stones which he first
collected, however, did not answer his purpose,
and thus, at the very commencement of his un-
dertaking, a large portion oftime and labor were
necessarily lost. This would have been almost
sufficient to have dispirited an ordinary mind;
but it only served to increase Mr. Richardson's
efforts, and to convince him that with industry
and perseverance, success laid within his reach.
Having discovered that the stones best calcula-
ted fur his purpose were only to be met with
amongst the rocks of the mighty Skiddaw. he
began to explore the mountain in search of the
musical treasures which it contain d. The in-
ventor bore these stores from the mountain to
a considerable distance home upon his back; he
had afterwards to reduce many of them, to
shape them, and try their varied tones, before
he could pronounce a favorable opinion on their
merits. This was a workof immense labor and
time, and required much determination and in-
dustry for its accomplishment; and after many
hard days labor in the mountains, Mr. Richard-
son denied himself the repose which exhausted
nature required, and spent whole nights, after
his family had retired to rest, in hammering ard
chiselling ihe rough stones, and in selecting and
arranging thum, ere he brought to its present
state the sweet toned instrument which cost
him thirteen years of unwearied labor and per-
severance, under circumstances such as few
minds, not possessed of uncommon fortitude,
could have surmounted."
The Rock Harmonicon, as now completed,
consists of a large oblong framework, support-
ing below, a wooden box, intended as an acous-
tical assistant to the vibrations of the stones,
and, above, two tiers of rails, covered with straw
bands, on which rest the stones themselves, in
number sufficient for a complete compass of five
octaves and a half. These are of a close, black,
whin-stone, extremely hard, brittle, and full of
metallic specks; the largest (FPF) is about four
feet long, by about three inches wide and one
inch thick, and the smallest (C sharp in altissi-
mo) is about six inches in length, with other di-
mensions proportionate. The value of the bass
notes is considerable, since, from the required
shape and the brittleness of the material, seve-
ral htmdreds must necessarily break in the pro-
cess of chipping into tune.
When the instrument is arranged for the key
of C. major, the stones are distributed precisely
as the keys of the piano forte-those answering
to the white keys being placed on the lower rail,
and those corresponding to the black keys, lying
above. For the performer's convenience, this
arrangement is occasionally altered; as, for ex-
ample, if a piece be played in the key of A. ma-
jor, those stones representing the sharp F's, C's,
and G's, are transferred to the lower tier, while

Against Worldly Anxiety.-Enjoy the blessings of
this day, says Jeremy Taylor, if God sends them, and
the evils bear patiently and sweetly; for this day is
only ours ; we are dead to yesterday, were not born
tc to-moirow.
The Character of an Atheist.-"An Atheist," says
Butler, the author of Hudibras, "is a bold disputant,
that takes upon himselfto prove the hardest negativein
the world, and from the impossibility oftheattemptmay
be justly concluded not to understand it: for he that
does not understand so much an the difficulty of his
understanding, can know nothing else of it; and ha
that will venture to comprehend that which is not
within his reach does not know so far as his own lati-
tude, much less the extent of that which lies beyond

The Better Way.-The sons of the poor die rich;
while the sons of the rich die poor. What encourage-
ment to toil through life in acquiring wealth to ruin
our children! Better to go with our money as we go
along-educate our sons-secuae their virtue by ha-
bits of industry and study, and let them take care of

whole effect most strongly resembles that of the
largest kind of "musical box," with the diffe-
rence, that the bass of the Rock Harmonicon
possesses a depth and fullness unattainable from
the steel springs of the machine to which we
have likened it.
As a matter of novelty of idea and successful
resolve in carrying it out, and altogether as a
most meritorious effort on the part of an un-
schooled man, we strongly recommend the Rock
Harmonicon to the notice of our readers; their
curiosity will be gratified by the inspection of
one of the quaintest inventions of the day, and
their ears will be delighted by the sweetness of
its sounds.

Editor's Correspondence.
QUiNcy, (Illinois,) July 15, 1841.
Our annual election is fast approaching. It takes
place on the first Monday in August, when more or
less county officers are to be chosen, as also thiee
members of Congress. Candidates for the latter are
already in the field, waging a war of words, though
in this district the contest does notyet wax warm. Our
late indefatigable and worthy Representative, Hon.
John T. Stuart, is now making a tour through the
Military Tract. His opponent, James H. Ralston.
was last heard of wending his way toward the Canal
"'liggings," on a visit to his bosom friends in that
quartet. He has but recently appeared in the field,
and we were along time in doubt whether any of the
Destructives would have the hardihood to come out
in opposition to Mr. S. Ralston comes, not by regu-
lar nomination by a convention of his party, hut very
much after the manner of the Yankee at the Bunker
Hill battle-on his own hook.
It was the design of the Loco Foco, ,first to create
a schism in the Whig phalanx, by inducing Dr. R.
F. Barrett, our late Fund Commissioner, to become a
candidate, and then, to carry their candidate biy a plu-
rality. They circulated, very industriously, the re-
port that he was a candidate, but the Doctor, as
Ralpho said, "smelt the tat," and came out with a
formal declension, thus baffling their strongest hope.
Not succeeding in this, tiere appeared to be a dis-
inclination to start a candidate oftheir own,until Adam
Snyder, ex-member of Congress, and their nom-
inee for the Gubernatorial chair, posted to Springfield
and threatened to decline his nomination, unless his
party made some show of fight at the coming election.
In this dilemma, Ralston was brought forward to be
"used up." This district, in November last, gave the
Whig Electoral ticket a majority of about three thou-
sand five hundred votes. Since that time, some two
thousand of Ralston's bosom friends have left the
State, by reason of the suspension of labor on the pub-
lic works.
In Hancock county, the head-quarters of Mormon-
ism, paity politics in county nominations are merged
in the question of Mormonism and Anti-Mormonism.
That illustrious personage,familiarly called 'Joe Smith,
is presuming to dictate in political affairs as well as in
those of the "Church," and his interference has cre-
ated a considerable stir in both parties. Proclamation,
as you may have seen, long since went forth to the
"Saints" to "come in" to the place of general gather-
ing. The particular object of this movement is not
known, and many are the surmises among the Gen-
tiles on the subject. 1 am firm in the belief, that the
day is not far distant when there will be a "flare-up'
between these fanatics and the good people of Illinois,
It is sincerely to be hoped that we are not to go through
another such scene as was presented in Missouri, but
it does seem, that acquiescence in all their demands, or
a general outbreak must be the result. A report has
been going the rounds, Eastward, that Hairis, a se-
ceder from Mormonism, was found dead, having been
shot through the head. There is no truth in the re-
port; but, on the contrary, he is assiduously engaged
in exposing, from place to place, its absurdities, and
laying open the characters of the leaders, veiy much
to their discomfort. Such an event, as that reported,
would be the signal for an immediate outbreak, and
would lead to the most disastrous results. Time will
only disclose what is going on, and it is fervently to be
hoped that our anticipations may not be realized.
The last mail brought intelligence, by private letter,
of the robbery of the Branch of the State Bank of Il-
linois, at Jacksonville, on Sunday nigh,. It is report-
that ALL the funds in the Bank, amounting to above
seventy-right thousand dollars, were ab treicted, and
that the books of account were sadly mutilated. There
has been a recent change of cashier. No suspicions
are yet made public.
We are anxiously looking toward Congress for mea-
sures of relief, and great confidenceis felt in the efforts
of the Administration party toi that end. The feeling
is universal that, in addition to the measures embraced
in the Message, an uniform Bankrupt law should be
passed at the present session. It is regarded as one of
the most important steps that could be taken to relieve
the people of this country. Such s law should be a
permanent one, and not merely of a temporary cha-
racter. On the Bank question a spirit of compromise
is confidently anticipated
Yours, &c., CURTIUS.

PHILADELPHIA, July 21st, 1841.
The confirmation four worthy Postmaster, John C
Montgomery, Esq., by the Senate ofthe United States
has given the most general satisfaction. The Loco-
foco vituperation against that tried and staunch friend
of General Harrison, has assumed such a malignant
and infamous a character, and the charges of aboltiion-
ism and sectarianism preferred against him, were so
entirely destitute of truth, that the originators uf the
slander only disgraced them elves, without being ahle
to create the slightest impression upon the public mind.
As to the charge of sectarianism, it is practically con-
futed by the fact that the clerks in our post office be-
long to all denominations of Christians, and that there
aie, also, two or mure Jews among them; and with re-
gard to the charge of abolitionism, every one acquaint-
ed with Mr. Montgomery, or with the incidents of his
life, knows it to be as barefaced a falsehood as was
ever uttered by the most malicious political partisan
against a successful leader of the opposite party. Mr.
Montgomery is a staunch friend of the administration
of John Tyler, an able and ii dustrious public officer,
a gentleman o'" ,aiteatl.I aid affable manners, and a
man of most urro.peoehs.l: character and sense of
honor. I repeat it-no person in the city or county of
Philadelphia would have given half the general satis-
A Brittle Garment-At the Polytechic Institu-
tion, Regent street, London, there is exhibited one
pound ol glass, spun by steam into a thread 4,000 miles
long, and woven with silk into beautiful dresses and



JULY 2, 1841.
The Senate having under consideration the bill "to
incorporate the subscribers to the Fiscal Bank of the
United States," and the following amendment, pro-
posed by Mr. RivEs, of Virginia, viz:
That the said corporation shall establish a compe-
tent office of discount and deposit in any State, by
the assent of the Legislature of such State, whenever
the directors may think fit so to do; and when estab-
lished, the office shall not be withdrawn without the
assent of Congress; and the said corporation shall
have power to commit the management of the said
offices, and the business thereof, respectively, to such
persons, and under such regulations, as they shall
deem proper, not being contrary to law or constitution
of the Bank; or, instead of establishing such offices,
it shall be lawful for tle directors of the said corpora-
tion, from time to time, to employ any individual,
agent, or any other Bank or Banks, to be approved by
the Secretary of the Treasury, at any place or places
that they may deem safe and proper, to manage and
transact the business proposed as aforesaid, other than
for the purpose of discount, and to perform the duties
hereinafter required of said corporation, to be managed
and transacted by such officers, under such agreements
and subject to such regulations as they shall deem
just anti proper."
Mr. CHOATE was constrained to say that he had
hesitated a good deal upon the proposition presented
by the motion of the Senator from Virginia, (Mr.
Rives.) He had entertained different opinions about
it. There weie many and obvious, too many and too
obvious, reasons for this hesitation and this fluctua-
tion of opinion. A diversity of sentiment exist-
ed among those whose capacity, experience, and
weight in this country properly and naturally pointed
them out as guides and advisers in the Senate. In-
trinsic and extrinsic embarrassments surrounded and
pervaded the whole subject. I have feared, he said,
est mistaken action on my pari ,nh;li injuie those
whom I love and honor, the t...,,. i1 association to
which I belong, and the country itself, which we all
seek to serve.
Having, however, determined to vote for the amend-
ment, I am anxious, in the briefest and plainest way,
to subrrit the grounds of this determination.
It is the more desirable to me to be allowed this op-
portunity, because I was of the Committee by whom
the bill now sought to be amended was reported ; and
it seems to me due to that Committee, and particularly
to its i-ll....i-,,-ILJ chairman, (Mr. Clay,) to whose
laborious exertions to secure a judicious and accept-
able charter I cordially bear miy testimony, to explain
why I vote bfor so important an alteration.
You see, sir, the nature anid the effect of the pro-
posed amendment. If it is adopted, instead of arming
the corporation with the power of setting up branches
all over the States, each possessing and exerting all
the functions of a perfect bank, you empower it to do
so only with the assent of the States. In the mean.
time, however, independently of, and prior to, any suce
assent, and even against their expressed dissent, if
dissent they should happen to express, you empower
it, by means of agencies distributed throughout thi
country, to perform every where all the business which
a bank can perform except to discount. That busi
ness, the loaning of money on local paper, itself ir
great measure a local and domestic one, and ofinteriot
policy, it may not perform but with the consent ofthi
States, within whose limits, for the benefit ofwhose
inhabitants, and side by side with whose local banks
it is to be carried on. This is the whole of the amend
ment. The bill ofthe committee authorizes the banki
to engross the local discount business of the States
without their consent; the bill as amended authorizes
it to do all things else what a bank can do; to deal in
exchange; to issue a currency of its own notes; and
to do all things else, without their consent; but this
one single power it permits to be exerted only on theii
application. It simply restores in this important fea-
ture the project furnished on our call by the Secretary
Sof the Treasury, and which comes to us as an Admin-
istration measure.
Now, sir, I do not vote for it from any doubt on the
constitutional power of Congress to establish branches
all over the States, possessing the discounting func-
tion, directly and adversely against their united dissent
I differ in this particular wholly with the Senator who
moves the Pmendment. I have no more doubt ofyour
power to make such a bank and such branches any
where than of your power to build a post office or
custom house any where. This question, for me, ii
settled, and settled rightly. I have the honor and hap
piness to concur on it with all, or almost all, our great
est names with our national judicial tribunal, and with
both the two great original political parties; with
Washington, Hamilton, Marshall, Story, Madison
Monroe, Crawford, and with the entire Republicar
administration arid organization of 1816 and 1817.
But it does not follow, because we possess this or
any other power, that it is wise or needful, in a giver
case, to attempt to exert it. We may find ourselvwr
so situated that we cannot do it if we would, for want
ofthe concurrence of other judgments; and theiefori
a struggle might be as unavailing as it would be mis
chievous and unseemly. We may find ourselves sa
situated that we ought not to do it if we could. Al
things which are lawful are not convenient, are nob
practicable, are not wise, are not safe, are not kind.-
A sound and healing discretion, therefore, the mora
coercion of irresistible circumstances, may fitly tempo
and even wholly restrain the exercise of the cleares
power ever belonging to human government. Is no
this your actual situation 1
I shall vote for the amendment, in the first place
because I regard it as my urgent duty to give to the Peo
pie of this country the substantial benefits of a Na
tional Bank as speedily as I can ; and because I be
lieve that I shall effect that object sooner and more
surely by the amended than by the unamended bill.-
I repeat what I have said : it is my business to help
to give the country a Bank as speedily as possible
and I think I shall reach that object sooner and more
surely by voting for the bill as it came from the Secre
tary, the bill of the Administration, than for the bil
as it cones from the committee.
Sir, the People need a National Bank. Such is
surely the doctrine of the ascendant political party ir
this Chamrber. We say they need it to restore, reform
and regulate their cunency. We say they need it t'
promote business intercourse among the States, ans
between this country and other countries, by meant
of a system of steady and economical exchange. W,
say they need it to keep and transmit their public mo
ney, and t..._, ,'' them the benefit of it in one way ant
another ut I'l. i1 lies on hand. We say they need it
last and least, to increase their supply of credit accom
modations, for the prosecution of their vast and various
Well, sir, they need it now. They need it to-day
This moment, while we continue the dispute, the'
need it. He serves them best, lie serves them twin
over, who serves them soonest in this matter. Now
I believe I shall meet this demand of the couutre
sooner by this amendment than without it. Look fo
a moment at thee alternatives presented. We knot
that we can make the amended bill into a law at thi
session of Congress. We know, judging on all th,
circumstances, that there are no opinions, here o
elsewhere, to prevent it, if the friends of a Bank unit,
in its favor. 1 believe, that the Bank which this lav
will est iblish may go into operation, to soree useful ant
substantial extent, by the first of January, certaiin,
by the first of April next. It is said, and it may be
that capitalists will be deterred from taking its stoci
by the uncertainty about the numbn.r and place of it,
branches which shall possess the discount power pre
viously to the determinations of the legislatures oftht
States. It may be so. But then you will consider tha
they know as well asyou know, that someof the State
will certainly assent to the establishment of branches a
once. I think Massachusetts, for example, will do so
and that she will offer you, in Boston, an eminently eli

gible position for a leading central branch. It would
indeed, have been my duty, and was my purpose, ham
not all opinions here united on this District for the sea
of the mother Bank, to present the claims of Boston tt
that distinction. If Massachusetts should give her
assent, it would be pleasant to see New York sulkily
and suicidally refuse hers. She would no more do i
than she would voluntarily come down from the thrown
of our commercial world, and help her aspiring north
ern sister to ascend it,
Thie capitaisits may reasonably assume, too, tha
most of the States would ultimately assent. I expect
no less from moderate and healing councils.
Besides, they know that before, and independently
of any assent by any State, the bank, by its agencies
may do amd will do all the work of a bank in all the
States, except the disconriting of paper; and that this
secures, in tihe transactions of exchange alone, busi
ness einugh for a profitable employment of a vast ca
pital. It mray buy and sell exchange, issue its note,
for currency, receive deposits, deal in gold and silver
and bullion, and perform all the offices, earn all th(
profits, and do al. the good a bank can do, except thai
it miay not make a local loan.
Arid then, sir, if capitalists refuse to subscribe by
reason of the provision requiring the assent of th(

States, we shall know it by the first day of the next
session of Congress; and we and all departments of
the Government must act on that new, ascertained,
and coercive emergency. The independent discount-
ing power, will have been proved by an actual trial to
be indispensable; and a necessity will have been de-
monstrated to exist for a Bank of the United States,
to be created solely by you, and of the old fashion,
to which all theories of the Constitution must and will
give way.
I repeat, then, that by uniting here on this amend-
ment, you put an effective bank in operation, to some
useful and substantial extent, by the tst of January.
Turn now to the other alternative. Sir, if you ad-
here to the bill reported by the committee, I fully be-
lieve you pass no bank charter this session. I doubt
whether you carry it through Congress. If you can,
I do not believe you can make it a law. 1 have no
doubt you will fail to do so. I do not enter on the rea-
sons of my belief. The rules of orderly proceeding
here, decorum, pride, regret, would all prevent my do-
ing it. I have no personal or private grounds for the
conviction which holds me fast; but I judge on noto-
rious and, to my mind, decisive indications; and I
know that it is my duty to act on my belief, whether
well or ill founded, and however conjecturally de-
rived. Then, sir, you break up the session without a
charter. The summer and the autumn come and go,
and the People, the People, are no nearer to this kind
of relief than they are now. More hope deferred,
making the heart more and more sick The adminis-
tration of relief in power, and yet no relief! A pa-
tient, confiding, and suffering country has done us the
honor to expect every thing from our harmonious andt
prudent councils; from our justice, from our veracity,
from our promptitude, and we do nothing.
Sir, the same tactics and the same opinions that
control and embarrass now will do so at the next ses-
sion of Congress, and at the next; and you must wait
two years, or four, perhaps a great deal longer, for a
National Bank.
Now I think the people ought not to be made to
wait so long for the relief they have a right to demand.
They ought not to be made to suffer while we argue
one another out of the recorded and inveterate opin-
ions of our whole lives. I say, therefore, for myself,
that, anxious to afford them all the relief which they
require, regretting that the slate of opinion around me
puts it out of my power to afford that relief in the
form I might prefer, I accommodate myself to my po-
sition, and make haste to do all that I can by the short-
eat way that I can. Consider how much better it is to
relieve them to some substantial extent by this meansi
at once, than not to relieve at all, than not to initiate a
system or measure of relief at all, and then go home at
the end of this session of Congress, weak and weary,
and spend the autumn in trying to persuade them that
it was the fault of sornme of our own friends that nothing
was done. How poor a compensation for wrongs to
the people will be the victories over our friends!
I am going now to give another reason for my vote,
which you may say is scarcely suitable to ti. d;.,r..;,
Sof this place, on which I do not mean to 1,,n I..-"
moment, but which the manliness of Senators will ex-
Scuse ,,. *-:-i ti,. and that is, that thie adoption of
the .i,, ir..i,,. '. .11 not only soonest effect the grand
object of public relief, but it will preserve tIe harmony
and unity of the ascendant political party. Do not
suppose I shall dwell for a moment on such a topic. 1
Sowe you, I owe especially the wakeful and powerful
s minority by which we are observed here, an apology
I for speaking of it. I address myself to the majority.
You acknowledge the importance of united counsels
and action. Subordinately to the larger offices of pa-
h triotism, or rather as the mode of fulfilling those offi-
fces, you acknowledge your duty to the party of relief
r and reform. Sir, in the language of the great phi-
a losophic orator on whose immortal and universal wis-
k dom the Senator from Virginia drew so instructively
- yesterday, "in the way which men call party, worship
n we the Constitution of our country." Now, without
r entering in detail on the grounds of my opinion, I
e think we shall hold that party together longer; we
e shall do moreW good and hinder more evil; we shall
effect more relief and more reform; we shall carry out
more of our great measures; we shall ensure a longer
k succession of our great men by adopting than by re-
s jecting the amendment. It was due to frankness and
a to honor to say so much. Decoium and custom for-
a bid me to say more. See, however, if the keen and
I vigilant opposition on this floor, who mark their ob-
. jects and pursue them with the eyes of eagles, do not
r vote against the amendment in sufficient numbers to
- defeat it if we divide on it among ourselves. 1 speak
Snot of motives, and I know nothing of actual inten-
- tions, but I reason from the obvious nature of the case,
and I believe that, if they see nothing else will, their
e party tactics will defeat it.
8 For my part I own that I wish the new Adminis-
- tration to have the honor and the felicity of carrying
Successfully through this its first measure of relief.-
o I wish it to relieve the country, and also to preserve
r itself. I wish to disappoint their prophecies who told
Sus so often, during the late canvass, that our materials
a are discordant; that no common principles bind us Io-
s gether; and that our first attempt at a measure of go-
. vernment would dissolve and dissipate us. I will not,
- if I can help it, have a hand in fulfilling such prophe-
Scies. But then, if we could hinder their inevitable
l fulfilment, remember that we must administer the
, power we have acquired with the same wise tolerance
n of the opinions ofthe wide-spread members of our par-
ty biy which we acquired it. If you took up the can-
r didate on one set of tests of political orthodoxy, will
n you try and willyou destroy the incumbent by the ap-
s plication of different and stricter tests?
A And, Mi. President, in a larger view of this matter,
e is it not in a high degree desirable to make such a
- charter that, while it secuies to the people all that
0 such kind of instrumentality as a Bank can secure,
1 we may still, in the mode and details of the thing, re-
t spect the scruples and spare the feelings of those who,
- just as meritoriously, usefully, and conspicuously as
1 yourselves, are members of our political association,
r but who differ with you on the question ofconstitu-
t tional powerI If I can improve the local currency,
t diffuse a sound and uniform national one, facilitate,
cheapen, and systematize the exchanges, secure the
safe-keeping and transmission of the public money,
promote commerce and deepen and multiply the springs
- of a healthful credit by a Bank, and can at the same
- time so do it as to retain the cordial, constant co-ope-
Sration and prolong the public usefulness of friends
- who hold a different theory of the Constitution, is it
p notjust so much clear gain ?
1 was struck, in listening to the Senator from Vir-
ginis yesterday, with the thought how idle, how sense-
- less it is to spend time in deploring or being peevish
About the inveterate constitutional opinions of the
community he so ably represents. Theie the opinions
s are. What will you do with them 1 Yvu cannot
n change them ; you cannot stride over or disregard
Them. There they are ; what will you dto with them?
o Compromise the matter. Adjustit if youcan, in such
d sort that they shall neither yield their opinions, nor
s you yield yours Give to the people all the practical
e good which a Bank can give, and let the constitution-
- al question whether Congress can make a Bank by its
d own powers or not stand over for argument on the last
day of the Greek kalends, when the disputants may
- have the world all to themselves to wrangle it out in !
s Yes, sir, compromise it. Our whole history is but a
history ,f compromises. You have compromised in
larger things; do it in less; dn it in this. You have
y done it foi the sake of the Union; do it for the sake
of the party, which is doing it for the sake of the
, Union. You never made one which was received with
wider and sincere joy than this would be. Do it,
rthen. Do as your fathers did when they came toge-
/ other, delegates from the slave States and delegates
s from the free, representatives of planters, ofmechan-
e ics, of manuf-acturers, and the owners of ships, the
r cool and slow New England men, and the mercurial
e children of the sun, and sat down side by side in the
presence of Washingron, to frame this more perfect
d Union. Administer the Constitution in the tetper
y that created it. Do as you have yourselves done in
more than one great crisis of your affairs, when ques-
t tions of power and of administration have shaken
s these halls ano this whole country, and an enlarged
- and commanding spirit, not yet passed away from our
counsels, assisted you to rule the uproar, and to pour
t seasonable oil on the rising sea. Happy, thrice hap-
s py for us all, if the Senator from Kentucky would al-
h low himself to-day to win another victory of reconci-
liation !

Do not say that this is a mere question of power or
n, o power, and that conciliatory adjustment is inappli-
d cable and inadmissible. Do not say that we who be-
t lieve that the General Government may establish a
o bank with branches in the States p.....-. r-,tit,, local
r discount function without their assent do, by voting
y for this amendment, surrender our opinions, or strike
t out a particle of power from the Constitution. No,
e sir, we do neither. What we say and do, and all we
- say and do, is exactly this. We assert that the full
power is in the Constitution. There we leave it, un-
t abridged, unimpaired. We declare that, when, in our
S Iudgment, it is expedient to exert it, we will concur in
exerting it in its whole measure, ourselves uncommit-
S ted, unembarrassed by the forbearance which we now
advise and practise. But we say that all power is to
e be exercised with sound discretion in view of the time
a and circumstances; that contested constitutional pow-
- er is pre-eminently so to be exercised ; that it does not
- follow, because we possess a giant's strength, that we
s are therefore to put it all forth, with the blind and un-
r distinguishable impulse of a giant; that, in this in-
e stance, deferring to temporary and yet embarrassing
t circumstances, to opinions, for the sake ofharmonious
and permanent administration, for the sake of concili-
y eating and saving friends, for the sake ofimmediatere-
e liefto the vast, various, and sensitive business-interests

ot' a great people, we do not think it needful or discreet
to exercise the whole power over this subject which
we find, assert, and cherish in the Constitution. We
content ourselves with declaring that it is there, and
that there we mean it shall remain. But perceiving
that we can secure to the country all the practical good
which it was introduced to secure without resorting to
it; perceiving that, in the actual condition of things,
we cannot now exert it if we would; perceiving that
we can reconcile opinions, spare feelings, and ensure
a general harmony of useful administrative action, by
abstaining from the use of it, we abstain from the use
of it. Thus the Senator from Virginia understands
this act, and thus do we. No broader, no other effect
can be ascribed to it. If you inspect the bill itself, af-
ter it shall have received this amendment, you will
find that it in truth assumes and asserts the constitu-
tional power of the National Legislature to create a
corporation which has authority to transact in every
one of the States all the business of a bank except that
ofdiscounting. So much power it necessarily assumes
and asserts. And then as to the business of making
discounts, it neither asserts nor denies that you have
the power to authorize it without the assent of the
States; it just authorizes the corporation to do it with
their assent, and there it leaves the matter. Both
classes of expounders of the Constitution, certainly
that to which I belong, may vote for such a bill with-
out yielding any opinion, or changing in the least the
sacred and awful text of the great Charter itself.
Let me say, sir, that to administer the contested
powers of the Constitution is, for those of you who
believe that they exist, at all times a trust of difficulty
and delicacy. I do not know that I should not ven-
ture to suggest this general direction for the perform-
ance of that grave duty. Steadily and strongly as-
sert their existence; do not surrender them; retain
them with a provident forecast; for the time may come
when you will need to enforce them by the whole mo-
ral and physical strength of the Union; but do not
exeit them at all so long as you can by other less
offensive expedients of wisdom effectually secure to
the People all the practical rhenefiis which you believe
they were inserted into the Constitution to secure.-
Thus will the Union last longest and do most good&
To exercise a contested powem without necessity on a
notion of keeping up the tone of government is not
much better than tyranny, and very improvident and
impolitic tyranny, too. It is turning "extreme medi-
cine into daily bread." It forgets that the final end of
governments is not to exert restraint, but to do good.
Within this general view of the true mode of ad-
ministering contested powers, I think the measure we
propose is as wise as it is conciliatory; wise because it
is conciliatory ; wise because it reconciles a sound and
strong theory of the Constituntion with a discreet and
kind administration of it. I desire to give the coun-
try a Bank. Well, here is a mode in which I can do
it. Shall I refuse to do it in that mode, because I can-
not at the same time, and by the same operation, gain
a victory over the settled constitutional opinions, and
show my contempt for the ancient and unappeasable
jealousy and prejudices of not far less than half of the
American People Shall I refuse to do it in that
mode, because I cannot at the same time, and by the
same operation, win a triumph of constitutional law
over political associates, who agree with me on nine
in ten of all the questions which divide the parties of
the country; whose energies and eloquence under
many an October and many an August sun, have con-
tributed so much to the transcendent reformation
which has brought you into powerI Shall I refuse
to tihe People their rights, until and unless, by the
mode of conferring those rights, I can also plant a
wound in the side of one who has stood shoulder to
shoulder with me in the great civil contests of the
last ten years t Do you really desire that the same
cloud of summer which pauses to pour out its treasures,
long withheld, on the parched and dreary land, should
send down a thunderbolt on the head of a noble and
conspicuous friendI Certainly nobody here can che-
rish such a thought for a moment.
There is one consideration more which has had some
influence in determining my vote. I confess that I
think that a bank established in the manner contem-
plated by this amendment stands, in the actual circum-
stances of our time, a chance to lead a quieter and
more secure life, so to speak, than a bank established
by the bill. I think it worth our while to try to make,
what never yet was seen, a popular National Bank.
Judging from the past and the present, from the last
years of the last bank, and the manner in which its
existence was terminated ; from the tone of the debate
and of the press, and the general indications of public
opinion, I acknowledge an apprehension that such an
institution, created by a direct exertion of your power,
throwing off its branches without regard to the wishes
or wants of the States, as judged of by themselves,
and withoutany attempt to engage their auxiliary co-
operation, diminishing the business and reducing the
profits of the local banks, and exempted from their
burdens; that such an institution may not find so
quiet and safe a field of operation as is desirable for
usefulness or profit. I do not wish to see it standing
like a fortified post on a foreign border-never wholly
at peace, always assailed, always belligerent, not fall-
ing perhaps, but never safe, the nurse and the prize
of unappeasable hostility. No, sir. Even such an
institution, under conceivable circumstances, it might
be our duty to establish and maintain in the face of all
opposition and to the last gasp. But so much evil at-
tends such a state of things, so much insecurity, so
much excitement, it would be exposed to the pelting
of such a pitiless storm of the press and of public
speech; so many demagogues would get good livings
by railing at it; so many honest men would really re-
gard it as unconstitutional, and dangerous to business
and to liberty, that it is worth an exertion to avoid it.
Why, sir, notice has been formally given us by the
eloquent Senator from Ohio that on the day you grant
this charter he lays a resolution on your table to repeal
it. Sir, I desire to see the Bank of the United States
become a cherished domestic institution, reposing in
the bosom of our law and of our attachments. Es-
tablished by the concurrent action or on the applica-
tion of the States, such might be its character. There
will be a struggle on the question of admitting the
discount power into the States: much good sense and
much nonsense will be spoken and written ; but such
a struggle will be harmless and brief, and when that's
over, all is over. The States which exclude it will
hardly exasperate themselves further about it. Those
which admit it will soothe themselves with the consi-
deration that the act is their own, and that the exis-
tence of this power of the branch is a perpetual recog-
nition of their sovereignty. Thus might it sooner
cease to wear the alien, aggressive, and privileged as-
pect which has rendered it offensive, and become soon-
er blended with the mass of domestic interests, che-
rished by the same regards, protected by the same and
by a higher law.
You have the reasons on which I shall perform the
unpleasant duty of voting for this amendment. It is
unpleasant, among the most unpleasant acts of my
life; feir it will ire, I fear, an unavailing act, and it in-
volves a temporary separation from many and respec-
ted political friends. I scarcely know who of the de-
legation from the Northern States will vote with my
worthy e. I1. ...,. and myself. I hope my friend from
the little t, ,it. ,t Emerald Isle, (Mr. Simmons,) who
sits by my side, will at least be one. We could pre-
fer undoubtedly to retain the company which we have
found so good ; but, with it or alone, we cheerfully
submit ourselves to the judgment of the generous and
intelligent Commonwealth which we represent.

From the Savannah Republican.
PROTECTIVE DUTIES.-This subject has of late
years been made as complete a bug-bear, as pos-
sibly can be, and one cannot propose a moderate duty
of protection, but the cry of "the accursed Tariff"
is rung through all its changes. It becomes the peo-
ple of the South to examine this matter for them-
selves, and not import opinions on a subject of vital
importance to them, and which they should weigh
in the scale of their own interests, regardless of pre-
judice. That it is the interest of England and France
to flood us with their manufactures and luxuries, and
drain us of our specie, there is little doubt, and we
should consider, if in order to keep up this advantage,
they do not talk more about free-trade, than they
practice. Let us see what articles of American pro-
duce are admitted into those countries for a less duty
than 60 per cent. and upwards. Is it Rice, Grain,
Flour, Timber, Naval Stores, Provisions, or Tobac-
co ? No It is Cotton alone, and that into England,
where they cannot dispense with it, to keep their im-
mense factories in n'..i,.r..

But they have measures already in progress, which
promise to be successful, to supersede the necessity
of depending upon us for cotton. Their experiments
in India have proved successful, and they find they
ban obtain from there just as good an article as any
of ours. As soon, therefore, as they make some fur-
ther progress, we shall see a heavy duty laid on our
cotton, to the protection of theirs. Our foreign de-
mand will be lessened, and our planters will not find
sale for all they can produce. They must turn their
attention to other objects of industry, and that will
doubtless be manufactures, or the culture of silk.
It is then that they will see the advantage of check-
ing, by moderate duties, the heavy influx of the sur-
plus of goods over stocked Europe, and preventing a
balance of trade, which con be no longer paid in pro-
duce, but must certainly be paid in specie. This is
the case at this time; for notwithstanding our large
crops, both north and south, and our increased ex-
ports, specie is carried from New York by almost ev-
ery packet; particularly so to France, to whom no
State debts are due, showing the great drain to be
created, by the almost free ingress of French wines
and silks.

The views of Southern people have been much
changed of late years, and they do not view protec-
tive duties with quite so distempered an eye, for their
own factories are already growing up. In Georgia,
there are cotton factories at Eatonton, Athens, and
elsewhere; in North and South Carolina, and Virgi-
nia, there are several, and they will continue to in-
crease. It is only within a month that one hundred
bales of cotton yarns have been shipped from this
State to other markets. This is a good omen, for
the time is not distant when we shall find our best
market for cotton at home, and we shall then be a
self-dependent people. A war with England would
show us the value and necessity of this, and for this
we should be preparing.

The power of enjoying the harmless and reasonable
pleasures of life is not only essential to a man's happi-
ness, but an indication of several valuable qualities,
both of the heart and the head, which can hardly exist
without it.

HIappiness.-Our life, it is true, has its bright and
its dark hours, yet none are wholly obscured; for
when the sun of happiness is set, the reflected moon-
light of hope and memory is still around us.

The most agreeable of all companions is a simple,
frank man, without any high pretensions to an op-
pressive greatness; one who loves life, and understands
the use of it; obliging, alike at all hours; above all, of
a golden temper, and stedfast as an anchor.

The subscriber has resumed the above business and
will feel very grateful to his friends and the public for
a share of their patronage.
He will furnish at the shortest notice
Of every description, ruled and bound to any pattern,
the materials and workmanship equal to any in the
United States; he will also execute orders for all
Arranged and bound in the very best style and at rea"
sonable prices.
OLD BOOKS rebound, MAPS mounted and var-
nished, PORT FOLIOS of all sizes and descriptions
manufactured to order.
InParticular and personal attention will bepaid to
orders for confidential work at the public offices or
The subscriber having been for many years en-
gaged in the above business, and having a practical
knowledge of the various branches, feels perfectly safe
in assuring the public, that he will be able to execute
orders for every description of work in a style that can-
not fail to give satisfaction.
His Bindery is (for the present) on seventeenth
street opposite the Navy Department.
WASHINTON, July 26th, 1841.
N. B. All orders left at the Madisonian Office will
be promptly attended to.
july 27
day, the 4th of August next, at 1 o'clock P. M.,
will be sold [bv order, at the Navy Yard in this city,
the following lots of Scrap Iron, viz.: about
40,000 pounds Scrap Iron from smith and anchor
shops, and trimmings from tanks and cambooses.
22,000 pounds feather edge Iron.
11,000 pounds small round pieces punched from
tank Iron.
Terms : Cash, in specie.
W. B. SCOTT, Navy Agent.
july 24-dts. Auctioneers.

J be published for the future in New York by
Messrs. Langley, Booksellers, in an improved style;
to appear without fail on the first day of every month.
The number for July may be examined at the Book-
store of F. TAYLOR, by whom subscriptions will
be received. july 24

C HARLES O'MALLEY, cheap edition, from the
-c/.ommencement up to the conclusion of the last
number issued : complete for $1 25 in one large vo-
lume half bound.
This day received for sale by.
july l. TAYLOR.

J. G. GREGORY & CO. Managers.

2 OF $30,00

$35,000 40,000

On Saturday, 7th August, 1841, the
Class I, for 1841.
To be drawn at Alexandria, Va.

$30,000 $10,000
2 of $1,500-30 of $1,000,
50 of $250- 75 of $200, &c.
78 Number Lottery-14 drawn Ballots.
Tickets $10-Halves $5--uarters $2 50.
Certificates of Packages of 26 Whole Tickets $130 00
Do do 26 Half do 65 00
Do do 26 Quarter do 32 00

At Alexandria, Va., on Saturday, Aug. 14, 1841, the
Class M, for 1841, will be drawn.
30,000 DOLLARS!
10,000 Dollars 5.000 Dollars
6,500 3,000 "
2,500 2,195 '
25 of 2,000 Dollars
Tickets only $10-Halves $5-Quarters $2 50
Certificates ofpackages of 25 Whole Tickets $130 00
Do. do 25 Half do 65 00
Do. do 25 Quarter do 32 50

$35,295 CAPITAL!
FIFTEEN Drawn Nos. out of Seventy-five.

Class No. 7, for 1841.
To be drawn at Alexandria, D. C., on Saturday, the
21st of August, 1841.
10,515 Dollars 4,000 Dollars
5,000 Dollars 3,000 Dollars
$2,500 $2,250-$2,000-$t,750- $1,600-
50 prizes of $1000-50 of $250--50 of $220- "
50 of $200, &c.
Tickets $10-Halves $5-Quarters $2 50.
Certificates of packages of 25 Whole Tickets $130 00
Do. do 25 Half do 65 00
Do. do 25 Quarter do 3-2 50


50 PRIZES of $1,000.

On Saturday, 28th August, 1841, the
Class G, for 1841,
Will be drawn at Alexandria, Va.
40,000 DOLLARS
15,000 Dollars 3,000 Dollars
5,000 3,500 "
2,297 Dollars
50 Prizes of 1,000 Dollars
50 Of 3,000 Dollars-50 of 200 Dollars, &c.
Tickets only $10-Halves $5-Quarters $2 50.
Certificates of packages of 26 wholes $130 00
do do 26 halves 65 00
do do 26 quarters 32 50
For Tickets and Shares or Certificates of Packages
in the above splendid Lotteries,-address
J. G. GREGORY & CO., Managers,
Washington City, D.C.
Drawings sent immediately after they are over to all
who order as above. july 22-2aw3wd&c

ernttg: etbrnth nrm.

SATURDAY, July 24, 1841.
After the presentation of memorials by Messrs.
GIDDINGS, the unfinished business of yesterday was
taken up, being Mr. McKEON's motion to reconsider
the vote adopting the resolution appointing the Select
Committee (of nine) on the Tariff, to sit in the recess
- Mr. PaOFFIT'S motion for the previous question
The previous question was seconded; the main
question ordered; and the vote on the resolution was
then reconsidered: Yeas 86, nays 90. The question
then re.urringon the original resolution, on motion
of Mr. KENNEDY, of Maryland, the resolution was
laid on the table.
The House then took up the resolution, reported by
the Naval Committee, for aiding the establishment of
lines of armed steamers.
Mr. CAVE JOHNSON moved to lay the resolu-
tion on the table; which motion was negatived.
Mr. IRWIN moved an amendment extending the
proposed benefits to the Lakes. the Ohio, the Missou-
ri, the Mississippi, and the Gulf of Mexico. Mr. Ir-
win supported this amendment in an animated speech
of twenty minutes.
The House then resolved itself into Committee of
the Whole, (Mr. CUSHING in the Chair,) and took up
Mr. FILLMORE occupied the floor for one hour
with a clear and elaborate statement of the products
of the revenue for the last four years, and a prospec-
tive view of the probable deficit of the next four years
under the existing laws.
Mr. LAWRENCE, of Pennsylvania, moved to
amend, by excluding from duties tea and coffee."
Mr. L. then moved that the committee rise, which was
agreed to.
The Committee of the Whole having risen and re-
ported progress, Mr. UNDERWOOD moved that
the Senate bill relating to the census be referred to a
select committee of seven, which was agreed to after
some objections from Messrs. ROOSEVELT, J. W.
WILLIAMS; and others.
On motion of Mr. LINN, the House then ad-

MONDAY, July 26, 1841.
The Uouse immediately after the reading of the
journal, went into Committee of the Whole on the
Mr. LAWRENCE spoke for half an hour in de-
fence of his amendment proposed on Saturday.
Mr. ATHERTON opposed the bill; attacked the
financial policy of the present Administration, and
defended the course of the late Administration.
Mr. RHETT followed in explanation of his re-
cent speech.
Mr. HALSTEAD exposed the economical pre-
tenses of the late Administration, and charged them
with extravagance.
Messrs. CAMPBELL and WARD opposed the
Mr. ADAMS addressed the Committee for an hour,
attacking the whole Compromise, and giving an inte-
resting history of that act. He spoke with remarka-
ble power, and was listened to with deep attention.
Immediately after, the House adjourned, at three

TUESDAY, June 27, 1841.
Mr. YOUNG presented a memorial from a number
of citizens of Illinois, in relation to the abolition of
slavery, not only in the States and Territories, but de-
precating any foreign influence in the matter, or any
union of church and state.
The motion to receive ordered to lie on the table.
Mr. ALLEN presented a memorial from citizens of
Belmont, remonstrating against a National Bank, as-
sumption of State debts, protective tariff, and the dis-
iribution of public lands.
Mr. BUCHANAN presented a memorial of the
Anti-slavery society of Pennsylvania, in favor of
abolishing slavery in the District of Columbia.
Motion to receive ordered to lie on the table.
Also, from a number of citizens of Pittsburg, Penn-
sylvania, praying the establishment of a National
Bank and branches in the several States.
Mr. PRESTON asked leave to introduce a bill, the
subject-matter of which did not come within the scope
of bu-int. lii, ilown aor aclijot at the present session,
but sui:h eain iti coriindn..n ad" the business under the
commission to carry into effect the provisions of the
treaty with Mexico, that he hoped the introduction
of the bill would be admitted by general consent.
Leave having been granted, Mr. P. introduced a
bill to amend the act entitled an act to carry into
effect the provisions of the treaty with Mexico.
The bill was twice read, and referred to the Com-
mittee on Foreign Relations.
Mr. TAPPAN, by general consent, introduced a
joint resolution for a distribution of a certain number
of copies of the Digest of Patents;" which was
made the special order for Friday next.
Mr. BENTON sent an amendment to the Chair,
which he meant to offer when the Duty bill came up.
He said gentlemen had been hunting up every thing
for taxation except physic and gew gaws. This was
a proposition to tax bank-notes. On his motion, it
was ordered to be printed.
The PRESIDENT laid before the Senate a letter
from Rev. Mr. Bingham, of the Sandwich islands, ac-
companying which a Bible printed in that language,
and prepared by natives of those islands, was presented
to the Senate.
The FISCAL BANK BILL was then taken up,
Mr. MOREHEAD in a powerful and comprehen-
sive speech, of upwards of two hours, advocated the
Messrs. CALHOUN and ALLEN replied, in op-
position ; Mr. ALLEN repeating his former declara-
tion, that the day that it passed into a law, he should
bring in a bill for its repeal.
Mr. BENTON moved to postpone the bill indefi-
nitely, and at some length gave his reasons for this,
and in opposition to the bill. He subsequently with-
drew the motion.
Mr SIMMONS moved to reconsider the vote of
yesterday on the proposition to limit the issue of notes
of not less denomination than $5. He bad voted in
the negative, but from conversations with his friends,
it was thought desirable, in the present state of the
currency, to make the proposed change.
Mr. HUNTINGTON briefly explained the object
in view.
The motion to reconsider was taken by yeas and
nays, and decided as follows :
YEAS-Messrs. Archer, Barrow, Bates, Bayard,
Berrien, Clay, of Ky., Clayton, Dixon, Evans, Gra-
ham, Henderson, Huntington, Kerr, Mangum, Mer-
rick, Miller, Morehead, Phelps, Porter, Prentiss,
Preston, Simmons, Smith, of Ind., Southard, Tall-
madge, White, Woodbridge-27.
NAYS-Messrs. Allen, Benton, Buchanan, Cal-
houn, Clay, of Ala., Cuthbert, Fulton, King, Linn,
McRoberts, Mouton, Nicholson, Pierce, Rives, Se-
vier, Smith. of Conn., Sturgeon, Tappan, Walker,
Williams, Woodbury, Wright, Young-23.
The question recurring on the amendment, as mo-
dified by a provision giving Congress power here-
after to make the lowest denomination of notes ten
Mr. BENTON opposed the amendment.
Mr. SMITH, of la, advocated it. He had always
been opposed to small note issues, but would go to a
five dollar minimum. One of the objects of a Nation-
al Bank was to furnish a sound and uniform circulat-
ing medium, and to this end he should vote for the
The amendment was then adopted, as follows:

NAYS--Messrs. Archer, Barrow, Bates, Bayard,
Berrien, Clay, of Kentucky, Clayton, Dixon, Evans,
Graham, Henderson, Huntington, Kerr, Mangum,
Merrick, Miller, Morehead, Phelps, Porter, Prentiss,
Preston, Simmons, Smith of Indiana, Southard,
Tallmadge, White, Woodbridge-27.
YEAS.-Messrs. Allen, Benton, Buchanan, Cal-
houn. Clay, of Alabama, Cuthbert, Fulton, King,
Linn, McRoberts, Nicholson, Pierce, Rives, Sevier,
Smith, of Conn., Sturgeon, Tappan, Walker, Wil-
liams, Woodbury, Wright, Young-22.
Mr. CLAY, of Kentucky, expressed his desire that
the question on the bill be taken to-day. If the Sena-
tor from Missouri (Mr. Benton) had pressed his mo-
tion to postpone, he should have been much satisfied,
had not the Whigs unanimously voted against it.-
In the state in which the bill now stood, in relation to
the branching power, it could not secure the vote of a
majority of the Senate. They knew that the vote
would be 26 against, and 25 for it. In this state of
things, they had done, on this side of the House, what
ought to be done under similar circumstances. They
had interchanged opinions, as persons agreeing in the
general object, and desirous of union in accomplishing
that object. He need not say that, with regard to
nineteen Senators, they decidedly preferred the bill as
it stood, in relation to the branching power. But,

while this was the case, they owed it to the country-
they owed it to their brethren, and to the great object
of accomplishing all that good ultimately which they
had hoped would be effected by the passage ofthis bill,
as far as they could, to reconcile their opinions with
those who, concurring in the end, differed with them
as to the means. They had, therefore, sought most
anxiously for some proposition which, without sur-
realering or abandoning any great power whish they
thought appertained to this Government, and ought
not to be surrendered, might, at the same time, assume
such a form that the friends of the main 0,i. c iith
be able toj unite i on, and thus give to the measure the
consummation which was desired by the people, which
had been so anxiously looked for, and which they
wished to accomplish.
It was proper for 1him to say, that, in looking out
for some common measure, they had confined their
inquiries to this body exclusively; or, in other words,
they had not endeavored to learn what might or might
not be the opinion of a chief of a co-ordinate depart-
ment of Government. And he might say it for all,
that they had neither sought or desired to know
the opinions of the chief of the department, to whom
he had referred; not that they did not entertain the
most profound respect for him, but because they
thought according to .the true meaning of a constitu-
tional Government-according to the nature, genius,
and spirit of the Constitution, it was their duty to
think, decide, and act for themselves, leaving it for
other departments of Government to act on their own
Feeling so, he was sensible that the proposition he
was about to submit contained a spirit of concession,
which he hoped would be recognized not only here
but elsewhere, by those whose co-operation might be
necessary to decide the fate of this great national
measure. With these remarks, he would beg leave to
submit to the Senate the following amendment:
To strike out from line 251 to line 253, in the 16th
fundamental rule, and insert the following :
"And the said directors may also establish one or
more competent offices of discount and deposit in any
territory or district of the United States, and in any
State, with the assent of such State; and when es-
tablished, the said office or offices shall not be remov-
ed or withdrawn by the said directors prior to the ex-
piration of the charter, without the previous assent of
Congress: Provided, in respect to any State which
shall not, at the first session of the Legislature there-
of held after the passage of this act, by resolution or
other usual legislative proceeding, unconditionally as.
sent or dissent to the establishment of such office or
offices within it, tire assent of the said State shall
thereafter be presumed; and provided, nevertheless,
that when it shall become necessary anid proper for
carrying into execution any of the powers granted in
the Constitution, to eFtablish any office or offices in
any of the States whatever, and the establishment
whereof shall be directed by law, it shall be the duty
of the said directors to establish such office or offices
He then explained the nature of the amendment,
showing the compromise, and \ the desire
that it would be united in by th. fii n.j of the mea-
sure, for the good of our beloved country and the
union and harmony of those by whose councils its
prosperity and happiness would be once more re-
Mr. RIVES replied at some length, expressing his
regret that he could not consistently with his princi-
ples unite with his friends in this amendment, and
giving his reasons theiefor. (His remarks will appear
Messrs. SIMMONS and PRESTON advocated,
and Messrs. CALHOUN, WALKER, and BU-
CHANAN opposed the amendment.
Mr. CLAY further supported it, appealing to his
friend from Virginia to unite with him.
Mr. RIVES replied, in a debate of much interest,
opposing the amendment.
The question was then taken on the amendment,
and carried, by the following vote:
YEAS-Messrs. Barrow, Bates, Bayard, Berrieu,
Choate, Clay, of Ky., Dixon, Evans, Graham, Hun-
tington, Kerr, M *ii,, m, Merrick. Miller, Morehead,
Phelps, Porter, Prentiss, Preston, Simmons, Smith, of
Indiana, Southard, Tallmadge, White, Woodbridge
NAYS-Messrs. Allen, Archer, Benton, Bucha-
nan, Calhoun, Clay, of Ala., Cuthbert, Fulton,King,
Linn, MeRoberts, Mouton, Nicholson, Pierce, Rives,
Sevier, Smith, of Conn., Sturgeon, Tappan, Walker,
Williams, Woodbury, Wright, Young-24.
Thus the amendment was adopted.
The question on engrossment for a third reading
was then taken and decided in the affirmative-Yeas
25, Nays 24. (The vote being precisely similar to
that on the amendment of Mr. CLAY.)
The Senate then adjourned-having been in ses-
sion seven hours.

TUESDAY, July 27, 1841.
The morning hour was consumed in various un-
successful propositions of different members, all of
which were objected to; and no vote was taken, un-
til the House (yeas 84, nays 81,) went into Committee
of the Whole.
The House again resolved itself into Committee of
the Whole on the state of the Union, (Mr. Cushing,
of Massachusetts, in the chair,) on the bill in relation
to duties and drawbacks.
The pending question being on the motion of Mr.
ATHERTON, to strike out the enacting clause of the
Mr. HOLMES, of South Carolina, replied at length
to certain portions of the remarks submitted yesterday
by Mr. ADAMS; and urgently opposed the passage of
the bill.
Mr. SERGEANT spoke with great earnestness
and power in favor of the passage of the bill; examin-
ing it especially with reference to its bearing upon the
compromise act, and contending that its provisions,
whilst they amounted to a repeal of the act of July,
1832, d(lid not affect or interfere with the provisions of
that compromise act.
Mr. GILMER made some remarks in opposition to
the bill; for the passage of which, he contended, as
a measure of revenue, (in which light alone he was
willing now or ever to consider it,) there was no ne-
cessity at this time. In the course of his remarks,
Mr. G. took occasion to vindicate his own political
course from. aspersions which, he said, had been cast
upon it in various quarters.
Mr. LINN sustained the bill at some length.
Mr. UNDERWOOD followed in annie statements
and arguments on the subject of retaliatory duties,
and gave notice of an amendment (looking to that
conclusion, especially with reference to the article of
tobacco) which, lie said, lie intended to offer when it
would be in order lor him to do so. He declared him-
self in favor of the passage of the bill, though he said
he should vote for it with much greater satisfaction if
the amendment indicated by him should be adopted.
At the conclusion of his remarks, Mr. U. read his
amendment, as follows:
Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That, after the
2d day of February next, there shall be laid, collected,
and paid, on all wines and silks, the growth, produce,
and manufacture of France or her colonies, in whole
or in part, thirty per cent, ad valorem : Provided, ne-
vertheless, If the" Regie" of France shall, in the opin-
ion of the President of the United States, be so modi-
fied as to reduce the price of tobacco in the leaf, the
growth and produce or the United States, to less than
fifty cents per poun t in France, the duty on the wines
and silks atbrcsaid shall be reduced to twenty per cen-
tum ad valorem--and if the Regie shall be so mod-
ified as to reduce the price of tobacco in tile leaf, the
growth and produce of the United States, to less than
seventy-five cents pei pound in France, but not as low
as fifty cents, the duty on the wines and silks aforesaid
shall be reduced to twenty-five per centum ad valorem;
and the President of the United States shall, by his
proclamation, direct and fix the amount of duty to be
collected on the wines and silks aforesaid, from time to
time, under the provisions of this section.1

After a few brief remarks from Mr. TRIPLETT,
also mainly directed to the point of retaliatory duties-
Mr. JAMES IRVIN obtained the floor, and
moved that the Committee rise.
Which motion prevailing, the Committee rose, re-
ported progress, and obtained leave to sit again.
Mr. FILLMORE offered a resolution, which he
gave notice he would call up for consideration to-mor-
row morning.
The SPEAKER laid before the House a Message
from the President of the United States, transmitting
a communication from the Secretary of State, on the
subject of appropriations required for the outfit and
salaries of diplomatic agents of the United States.
Referred (after being read) to the Committee of
Ways and Means.
Mr. KENNEDY, of Maryland, gave notice of an
amendment which he intended to offer to the Revenue
bill, and said that, as the amendment was one of some
detail, he would ask the House to let it be printed.
The motion was agreed to.
The amendment is as follows :
Strike out all after the enacting clause in the 1st
section, and insert-" That from and after the thir-
tieth day of September next ensuing the passage of
this act, all articles of merchandise, of the classes

and description hereinafter enumerated, and which,
by the existing laws, are admitted into the ports of
the United States free of duty, or are subject to a du-
ty less than twenty per centum ad valorem, or to a
specific duty equivalent thereto, shall be subject to
the said duty of twenty per centum ad valorem, upon
their importation into the United States ; that is to
Raw Silk.-All manufactures of silk, or of which
silk is a component part, (excepting therefrom plush or
shag, used in the manufacture of the body of hats,)
and including therein silks, lace veils, shawls and
shades, silk hats, silk and worsted goods.
Linens, bleached and unbleached.
Ticklenburgs, osnaburgs, and burlaps.
Sheetings, brown and white.
All worsted or stuffed goods, including merino cloth,
or whatever is manufactured in whole or in part of
combed wool.
Camlets, of goat's hair or camel's hair, as Cashmere
of Thibet. Laces of thread and cotton, including lace
veils, shawls, shades, and other articles of the same de-
Common saddlery, tinned or jipanned, of all des-
Almonds, currants, prunes, figs, raisins, mace, nut-
megs, cinnamon, cloves, pepper, pimento, cassia, and
All wines of whatsoever kind or quality, and from
whatsoever country the same shall be imported, to wit.
Madeira, Sherry, Sicily; red and other wines of France,
in casks, bottles, or cases; red wines of Spain and
Austria; other wines of Spain, Austria, Germany, and
the Mediterranean; and wines of all other countries,
in casks or bottles.
Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That there shall
be levied, collected, and paid on each and every non-
enumerated article which bears a similitude either in
material, quality, texture, or the use to which it may
be applied, to any enumerated article chargeable with
duty, thesame rate of duty which is levied and charged
on the enumerated article which it most resembles in
any of the particulars before mentioned; and if any
non-enumerated article equally resembles two or more
enumerated articles on which different rates of duty
are now chargeable, there shall be levied, collected,
and paid on such non-enumerated article the same rate
of duty as is chargeable on the article which it resem-
bles paying the highest duty.
Sec. 3. And be it farther enacted, That, from and
after the said thirtieth day of September next, the
drawbacks payable on exported refined sugars, manu-
factured from foreign sugars, and on exported rum, dis-
tilled from foreign molasses, shall be reduced in pro-
portion to the reduction which shall have been made
by law (after the I.. ''..f the acts of Congress of
the twenty-first ..j Jrr,,,r', eighteen hundred and
twenty-nine, and twenty-ninth of May, eighteen hun-
dred and thirty, allowing said drawbacks) in the du-
ties on the imported sugars or molasses out of which
the same shall have been manufactured or distilled :
and in no case shall the drawback exceed the amount
of import duty charged on either of those articles con-
sumed in obtaining the manufactured or distilled article
which is exported, but shall be regulated as nearly as
possible to the same amount; and in all cases of spirits
distilled from foreign molasses, where the strength of
the spirit is above proof, the drawback shall have rela-
tion to the quantity of molasses used in the manufac-
ture of such spirit.
Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That, prior to
the second day of February next, the wines of France
shall not be subjected, under the provisions of this act
or any existing law, to payment of higher rates of du-
ty than the following, namely : on red wines in casks,
six cents a gallon; white wines in cask, ten cents a
gallon; and French wines of all sorts in bottles,
twenty-two cents per gallon: Provided, That no
higher duty shall be charged under this act or any
existing law on the red wines of Austria than are
now, or may be by this act, levied upon the red wines
of Spain, when the said wines are imported in casks.
Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That the cash
payments and credits on all duties imposed by this act
shall be regulated in the manner prescribed by the
fifth section of the act to alter and amend the seve-
ral acts imposing duties on imports," approved the
fourteenth day ot July, eighteen hundred and thirty-
Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That all laws
or parts of laws inconsistent with this act are hereby
On leave given, Mr. STANLY presented the peti-
tion of citizens of the District of Columbia ; which
was referred to the Committee on the said District.
Mr. S. said that, as the petition was from mecha.
nics and others, in relation to the banks of the Dis.
trict, he hoped it would be printed.
And the printing thereof was ordered.
Petitions were also presented, on leave, by-
Mr. CAVE JOHNSON, of Tennessee.
Mr. WINTHROP, of Massachusetts, [who pre-
sented the petition of Aaron Summers and 235 others,
citizens anil legal voters of Lynn, Mass., praying for
a general bankrupt law ;] and by
Mr. ADAMS, of Massachusetts.
The House then adjourned.

WEDNESDAY, July 28, 1841.
The CHAIR laid before the Senate a message fron
the President of the United States, enclosing a corn
munication from the Department of State, in relation
to arrearages of thie outfits for Diplomatic Agents o
the Government.
Mr. PRESTON, from the Committee on Foreign
Relations, reported a bill to amend the act to carry
intot effect the provisions of the treaty with Mexico.
This, after some conversation by Messrs. BU
On motion of Mr. PRESTON, the bill from th
House, making appropriations for various fortifications
for ordnance, and for preventing and suppressing In
dian hostilities, was taken up, and being read, wa
open for amendments.
Mr. SEVIER said there was no appropriation fo
forts on the Western frontier. He would like to knot
of the Chairman of the Committee, if this was in
tended to supply the whole year; and would call th
attention of the chairman to the condition of two o
three forts in his State.
Mr. PRESTON said this bill came from the House
and was designed to supply the deficiency of the ap
propriations made at LIst session of Congress. Th
Western forts had not been neglected, and in this bil
provision was made, not foir new works, but to carr
on necessary works now in progress.
Mr. SEVIER said that was his objection to the bill
The works on the Westein frontier, of Arkansas an,
Mis-ouri, were commenced, and needed further apprc
Mr. PRESTON said he would have n....1i. ;.i.
to consider any amendment the Senator fr..". ,ik ,ii
ass would suggest. This bill was to carry out the ul
bll ot last sessvin, and its object was to make as dv
tensible as possible, those maritime points which wer
most exposed, and witim as little delay as possible
owing to the circumstances which now existed, aim
under the apprehension of possible dmfficuhiifs; othet
wise the bill would not have been presented in thi
shape at this extra session. These heavy approprir
lions were yielded to with some little hesitation b
the Committee, but with an extended view of th
condition of the country.
Mr. SEVIER said he would like to have the bi
postponed for a few days. If it was the bill of th
last session, many of the objects of appropriation won
cut out.
Mr. PIERCE hoped the bill would be postpone
The Senator from Arkansas was mistaken in suppca
inn this hill was the old one. It had never previously
bee'n before either House of Congress. He thought
the appropriations were too large, and could nort t
expended ithis year. Because money was plenty, an
they had provided a loan, in effect of eighteen million
it was no reason why extra appropriations should t
Whatever was necessary for the defence of th
country he would go for. H. *li..ii,I.t there should
be as little appropriations made a&s ,...., .le, as change
were taking place, in the system of military defencet
If ttis amount or a greater one were necessary, h

would vote for it; but he wished all the provisions
the ,ill, except the latter part, for thie suppression o
Indian hostilities, to be postponed, as they were no
necessary ibthis year. Before further appropriatior
were made, a general and permanent plan tof deftnci
ought to lie reported and adopted.
Mr. IIENDEIRSON did niot believe the appropria
tions were judiciously divided. In looking ovtr thIe bi
he saw that 185 thousand dollars were to be applied I
the State of Massachusetts, while but eighty thousand
were to be applied to Louisiana, which was thIe char
ncl of exports of half thie Union. He did not kno'
but this was necessary, but should prefer to hear ret
sons from those well acquainted with the necessity fi
defend's. It would require a good deal of militam
logic to satisfy him that in the present exhausted state
of the Treasury, and apprehension of difHicully front
abroad, ninety thousand dollars were to be applied t
the defence of tie sand wastes of Florida, while bi
eighty thousand were applied to Louisiana. In cam
of rupture with England, the Gulf of Mexico was th
probable point of attack, and appropriations for th
would go to protect a greater interest than any oth,
portion of the Union, New York not excepted.
Mr. KING had always been in favor of liberal a]


.e Mr. KENNEDY offered his amendment, of which
of notice was given yesterday, and which may be foun
of in our report of that day.
ot The bill was debated by Messrs. BARNARE
es entered into an examination of the present condition
of the Treasury, and showed the necessity of an ir
- crease of revenue, as proposed by the bill.
i1 Without action, the House adjourned at there
to o'clock.
d The Bank Bill was received from the Senate, an
n- read twice and referred to the Committee of the whol
w on the state of the Union.
a- [A report of the proceedings is unavoidably exchl
br ded from to-day's paper.]
,o Hard as the times seem to be in the money
ut world, the "invalids and pleasure-seekers" are con
se ing into the mountains rapidly. At the White Su
he phur Springs there are now about three hundred, an
is increasing daily. The number at the Blue Su
er phur are about one hundred. At the other sprin(
the number is increasing every day.-Lewisbur
p. ( Va.) Whig.


h Mr. Morehead stands among the "tallest" (
d the Kentucky orators in every point of view
) His speech on Tuesday, which was listen
o to with undivided attention, by the whole Se
O nate, and by a very crowded auditory, wa
n- marked by a nervous eloquence-by an occasion
-e al vein of satire, and by frequent passages
d rhetorical beauty.
e Mr. Clay, of Ky., very frankly stated that th
bill as it stood could not pass the Senate, an
U- after consultation with his friends, had mature
an amendment which he would offer as a groun
of compromise, in the hope of securing the suj
d port of a majority of the Senate. After th
I, proposition was submitted,
Ad Mr. Rives immediately stated that the amend
1- ment did not meet his views, and that he could
9 not support it. His proposition was simple an
Slain, requiring the assent of the Stales as

propriations for defence on the land and water; and
that was still his opinion without reference tn the pro-
bability of immediate rupture with any nation. With
his friend from New Hampshire, he ,l,,,..I,', that the
prospect of application of steam to i. i, ought to
be considered before further appropriations to a large
amount were made. He did not believe the appropria-
tions of last year were all expended, and if they were
they ought to be intbformed in what manner. lie was
ready and willing to yield his assent to appropriations
for the defence of the country; he should ask how this
amount was necessary, and with his friend from Mis-
sissippi, insist on proper appropriation for New Or-
leans, where it was most necessary.
Mr. PRESTON said that the gentleman from New
Hampshire supposed that the proposed amount could
not be expended this year, and the Senator from Ala-
barma had gone on the same ground. All the docu-
ments on those points on which information was de-
sired by the gentleman were before the Senate in regu-
lar documents. The bill was reported by the commit-
tee of the House to the exact amount considered ne-
cessary, in the e timate of the Secretary of War.-
Gentlemen had spoken of the distribution of those ap-
propriations, and considered it too large a sum in the
fluctuating system of defences, but he would call
their attention to the fact that most of this was tbfor re-
pairs, and it appeared to him that the existing forts
ought at least to be preserved in status quo. There
was not a new fortification proposed at all; but the
completion of some was proposed, and the most ex-
posed points had been directly aimed at. The whole
amount of appropriations proposed here was about
seven hundred thousand dollars, of which two hun-
dred and fifty thousand was to be applied to the Gulf
of Mexico. It appeared to him that, instead of small
forts on the Gulf, a large one would be necessary at
Key West, orthe Tortugas, which was the Gibraltarof
the Gulf, and which, appropriately defended, would
secure the entrance. He proposed an amendment to
appropriate thirty thousand dollars for surveys in re-
ference to the military defences of the frontier, inland
and Atlantic.
Mr. KING proposed that the Chairman submit the
amendments he intended to offer, and let them lie
over and be printed.
Mr. PRESTON had no other amendments, but had
no objections to this course, as other gentlemen in-
tended to offer amendments.
Messrs. EVANS and BENTON also submitted
amendments; all which were ordered to be printed.
Mr. BARROW said, as a representative of Loui-
siana, he was convinced that the appropriations for
Barrataria bay, and the other parts of Louisiana, were
ample. He moved to postpone the bill to Saturday
Mr. WOODBRIDGE hoped when the bill was ta-
ken up for action, the Northwestern frontier would
be properly attended to.
Mr. PIERCE had examined the documents, No.
30 and 37, referred to, and did not believe the sum
proposed in the bill could be expended. He opposed
appropriations except as absolutely necessary, till a
.1 plan of defence was adopted.
%I, LINN would call the attention of the Senate
to the fact that no appropriation was proposed for the
Western frontier, and when the bill came up he
should move an amendment to that effect. The
State of Maine had also been neglected. He be-
lieved it would appear from the condition of the de-
fences of the country, that the plan formerly proposed
by him, to appropriate permanently the proceeds of
the public lands to the defences, of the country,
would be judicious.
Mr. HENDERSON made some further remarks
relative to the disparity of the proposed appropria-
tions in this bill.
The motion was then carried, and the bill post-
poned till Saturday next.
was then taken up and read a third time-the ques-
tion was Shall the bill pass?"
Mr. BENTON attacked the amendment of Mr.
Clay, adopted yesterday, pointing out its defects, and
declaring that were the bill brought before the Su-
preme Court in a writ of error, the charter could be
reversed, as soon as ie could walk in and state the
case to the Court. The amendment was a clear and
total surrender of the constitutionality of this char-
s ter. Ile renewed the motion of yesterday to post-
pone the bill indefinitely.
Mr. DIXON would give the reasons why he voted
yesterday for the amendment. If the Senator from
SMissouri was correct, he had done in -."'.."ti"." this
amendment what he refused to do a few days since,
with reference to the amendment of the Senator from
Virginia, (Mr. Rives,) for which he would not vote,
as he considered that surrendering the power ol
Congress to establish branches, without the assent
of the States. This he did not conceive was surren-
dered in the amendment adopted yesterday. He
briefly supported the amendment in a constitutional
point of view, contending that it maintained the
r power of the General Government, and yet recog-
nised the rights of the States.
Mr. WHITE said he would briefly state his rea-
sons why he had given his vote for the amendment
adopted yesterday. On this question hlie desired to
act on the power of Congress and the Federal Gov-
ernment alone. Had the amendment of the Senatoi
from Virginia been adopted the existence of the in-
i stitution would have been dependent on the will ol
the States; and on this ground he could in no way
n have voted for the amendment. But this amendment
f obviated this difficulty, not surrendering any power ot
the General Government, and yet leaving the States
n to decide for themselves as to admittance of branches
y He desired not only to maintain his own consistency
but, having his proportion of power to establish this
institution, to maintain it against those arguments
s which were now suppressed, but might hereafter bh
Mr. WOODBURY was in favor of the motion of
the Senator from Missouri, ('Mi B..'.i.'. 'i to postpone
e the bill indefinitely. He I...:.. ii amendment
contending that it was disrespectful to the Sovereigi
States; they asked the consent of the States, re
s quiring their positive answer, and if that was a dis
sent, they were to turn round, and in the teeth o
r this, establish the branch, if thought necessary by
N Congress.
The question was then taken on the motion for in
e definite postponement, and negatived, as follows:
r YEAS-Messrs. Allen, Benton, Buchanan, Cal
houn, Clay, of Ala., Fulton, King, Linn, McRoberts
e, Mouton, Nicholson, Pierce, Sevier, Smith, of Conn.
i.i,,r-... -. Tappan, Walker, Williams, Woodbury
N -\ S-- ,I..i. Archer, Barrow, Bates, Bayard
Y Berrien, Choate, Clay, of Ky., Dixon, Evans, Gra
ham, Ilenderson, Huntington, Kerr, Mangum, MeT
l rick, Miller, Morehead, Phelps, Porter, PrentissPres
it ton, Rives, Simmons, Smith, of Ind., Southard
o- Tallmadge, White, Woodbridge-28.
The question i..1ic then was, Shall this bil
pass," il,. ,- l-...,, l[.,a',.. taken, when
Mr. Ill lMil. t-m.N in-..... lie did net intend t
, make a speech, but rather an apology. He did nc
vote on the amendment adopted yesterday, as he wa
not present when the vote was taken ; had he beer
'j he should have voted against it. But he should vot
for the bill. '
- The question was then taken, and decided in th
affirmative, as follows:
y YEAS-Messrs. Barrow, Bates, Bayard, Berriei
'e Choate, Clay, of Kentucky, Dixon, Evans, Grahan
Henderson, Huntington, Kerr, Mangum, Merrict
III Miller, Morehead, Phelps, Porter, Prentiss, Prestom
e Simmons, Smith, of Indiana, Southard, Tallmadgi
r White, Woodbridge-26.
NAYS-Messrs. Allen, Archer, Benton, Buchar
1. an, Calhoun, Clay, of Alabama, Fulton, King, Lint
t- McRoberts, Mouton, Nicholson, Pierce, Rives, St
y vier, Smith, of Connecticut, Sturgeon, Tappan,Wall
it er, Williams, Woodbury, Wright, Young-23.
d Thus the bill was passed.
s, The Senate then adjourned, at a quarter past tw
be o'clock.

ie In the House of Representatives, to-day, after th
d presentation of a few petitions, the consideration c
>s the Revenue bill was resumed in Committee of th
s. Whole.



THURSDAY, JULY 29, 1841.


Much alarm has been felt and expressed by
our political friends here and throughout the
country, that the present Congress would ad-
journ without bringing to maturity any or all of
the great measures of relief which the country
so much needs and so peremptorily and earnest-
ly demands. And we have been pained to see
the too great readiness which some portion of
the press, and many individuals also, have join-
ed in the expression of distrust of the ability
and intention of our friends in Congress, and,
of the Executive also, to meet the wants and
requirements of the country at the present ses-
It is not for a moment to be supposed that any
difference of opinion among enlightened and
eminent men, upon matters of comparatively
small importance, will be permitted to stand in
the way of the consummation of measures upon
which the interests of the whole country and
the very existence of a powerful and patriotic
party depends.
We believe that all such differences will be,
if they are not already, fully and satisfactorily
arranged, and that all the great measures now
before Congress will, in some satisfactory form,
become laws of the land. Should this be the
case, the present Congress will have more fully
met the wishes of the people than any Con-
gress which has assembled for many years.
Of the able and patriotic head of the Govern-
ment and his Cabinet, much is expected, but
the country has, in the high reputation of each
of these gentlemen, the highest guaranty thatno
obstacle will be allowed to prevent the full con-
summation of all its wishes. We shall never
permit any honest difference of opinion upon
minor matters entertained among our friends to
alarm us. It is the great distinguishing charac-
teristic of the members of the party now in pow-
to think for themselves, and not blindly and ig-
norantly to do the bidding of a few constituted
leaders. Moreover, there are too many points
of union, too many strong ligaments of princi-
ple holding us together, make the failure of any
single one destructive to our unity. This is no
time to despair of the republic-or what is the
same thing, of the permanence of the princi-
ples of the present majority, so far from it, all
ahead looks bright and promising.

After an amendment presented by Mr. CLAY,
of Kentucky, this bill was on Tuesday ordered
Sto be engrossed for a third reading, by a vote of
25 to 24. Mr. RivEs and Mr. ARCHER voted
against the amendment and against the bill, and
Stwo Whigswere absent. We place Mr. CLAY'S
Sand Mr. RivEs' amendments in juxtaposition,
t so that the reader may compare them.
Mr. Rives' Amendment Mr. Clay's Amhendment.
in the language of Mr.
StEilng's Bill. "And the said directors
Ewing's Bimay also establish one or
S "That the said corpo- more competent offices o1
ration shall establish a discount and deposit ir
competent office of dis- any territory or district of
t count and deposit in any the United States, and ir
a State, by the assent of the any State, with the asseni
Legislature of such State, of such State ; and whet
r whenever the directors established, the said office
may think fit so to do; and or offices shall not be re-
Swhen established, the of-moved or withdrawn by
y flee shall not be with- the said directors prior t(
I drawn without the assent the expiration of the char
f of Congress ; and the said ter, without the previous
s corporation shall have assent of Congress; pro
Power to commit the ma- vided, in respect to an'
nagement of the said of- State which shall not, a"
s fice and the business there, the first session of the Le
s of, respectively, to such gislaturethereofheld after
e persons, and utinder irft,..,.. of this act, b'
regulations, as they .1. il I.....l,,, or other usua
f deem proper, not I., ,..|. -,.j.i,,,: proceeding, un
e contraryto law or ..i, -..i,.,,.I ,\ assent ordis
tution of the bank; or, sent to the establishment
n instead of establishing such of any such office or of
offices, it shall be lawful flees within it, the assen
for the directors of the of the State shall thereat
f said corporation, from ter be presumed ; and pro
y time to time, to employ vided, nevertheless, tha
any individual, agent, or when it shall become ne
any other bank or banks, cessary and proper for cat
to be approved by the ".'r4 ,,| into execution an
cretary of the Treasury, at of the powers granted in
any place or places that the Constitution, to estab
they may deem safe and lish an office or offices i
proper, to manage and any of the States whatev
transact the business pro- er, and the establishment
posed as aforesaid, other whereof shall be directed
than for the purpose of by law, it shall be the du
discount, a,. 1 ., I I..[.ir..ii i ,:, i, said directors t
s- the duties I, i...],.,li,: r. 1 .1, such office o
., quired of said corpora- offices accordingly."
tion, to be managed and
iI transacted by such officers
under such agreements and
subject to such regula-
o tions, as they shall deem
utjust and proper."
n Previous to the vote on the amendment, th
t Senate was addressed by Mr. Morehead, a
e considerable length, and however we may differ
about the constitutionality of a Bank, none ca
i, deny that Mr. Morehead presented the arge
' ments and authorities in its favor in the stron1
n est point of view. Mr. Morehead is the success
e, sor of Mr. Crittenden in the Senate, and a me,
capable one, as he has already shown. Ker
i, tiyky seems to be the foster place of orators.-
e- There is Clay, and Crittenden, and Moreheac
and Marshall, and others, forming a galaxy suc
as has seldom been seen from one State sine
o the palmiest days of old Virginia. As M
Tallinadge justly said, the other day, in allusion
e to Mr. Morehead and his predecessor,
of Like the waves of a summer, as one dies away,
e Another as pleasing and shining comes on."

condition precedent to the establishment of
branches. This amendment mystified the pro-
position, without conceding it. While the first
clause proposed the assent of the States, the pro-
visos utterly obliterated the principle, and assert-
ed a power in Congress which he denied. He
therefore regarded it as no concession of the
principle claimed in the project of the Secretaly
of the Treasury. Mr. Rives enforced his views
with his accustomed ability, and at considerable
Mr. Preston zealously supported the amend-
ment, and Messrs. Calhoun, Walker, and Bu-
chanan opposed it. Mr. Clay briefly replied.
Yesterday, the debate was continued by sev-
eral gentlemen, and, after a motion to postpone
the bill indefinitely was discussed and rejected,
the bill was passed, by a majority of 3. Yeas
26, nays 23. One Senator on each side absent.
The announcement of the passage of the bill
was very audibly applauded in the lobbies and

The following paragraph from Mr. M'Lane's
Report, while Secretary of the Treasury, may
not be inappropriately quoted at this juncture:
Due respect for the rights and duties of the States,
and a mild, equal, and moderate exercise of those con-
fided to the General Government, with a ready defe-
rence to the will of the people, are believed to consti-
tute the soundest policy, and to furnish the best safe-
guords.-Report of Mr. M'Lane, Secretary of the
Treasury, Dec. 1831.
Without a reasonable deference and concession,
both as to measures and opinions, the great objects of
the Government cannot be attained ; and, while it is
conceded that it would be improper to push measures
for the protection of the labor or improvement of the
country to an extreme or oppressive degree, it must
also be admitted that it would not be less so altogether
to deny to the General Government the moderate ex-
ercise of powers fdr those objects for which it is be-
lieved mainly to have been instituted.-lb.
We are informed on good authority, that a
bill for the charter of a Fiscal Bank of the Uni-
ted States, located in the District of Columbia,
containing the provision requiring the assent of
the States for the establishment of branches,
would have met General Jackson's approbation
had it been presented to him in the year 1832.

The St. Louis Evening Gazette of the 14th instant
gives an account of the arrival at that place of a
fleet of ten Mackinaw boats, from the farthest navi-
gable pointson the Upper Missouri and Yellow Stone
rivers, loaded with 20,000 buffalo robes, some beaver,
buffalo tougues, &e. Some of the boats were built
two thousand and three hundred miles above the city
of St. Louis.
The Gazette also states that the steamboat Trapper
is expected in a few days from the mouth of the Yel-
low Stone.

Mr. J. F. H. Claiborne, formerly member of Con-
gress from Mississippi, has become associate editor of
the Natchez Free Trader. In his address to the pub-
lic, he says:
S Having cherished for the late lamented Chief Ma-
r gistrate, the strongest personal attachment, and enter-
taining fur his successor the highest respc-t, this paper
will wage no factious war on the present administra-
Stion. Recollecting the past careerof President Tyler,
Sand accustomed from boyhood, to regard him as one
of thegteat landmarks of the republican party of Vir-
Sginia, shall not relinquish my faith, until I see him
sanction a National Bank, a protective tariff, or a dis-
tribution of the public lands, which, at this juncture,
would be tantamount to the creation of a new na-
8 tional debt, for the benefit of British speculators."
If Prom the Philadelphia Gazette.
i After the last Congressional election was over in
I Pennsylvania, and the Van Buren party had carried
n by nearly five thousand majority, great doubts were
e entertained of the success of Gen. Harrison in our
State. It was a matter of immense importance that
y he should have the Key Stone State. The National
SConvention had nominated the old hero at Harris-
burg, and to fail with him here would have been a
s woful disappointment. And this failure would cer.
tainly have occurred had it not been for the Conser.
y native movement made in Philadelphia at that time
Whose proceedings were circulated throughout the
State, and secured many wavering minds to the Whig
r party. The Conservatives here resolved, that it re.
f quired the change of but two votes in each ward
i township and district in the whole Commonwealth
and that they could bring about that result, and they
did so. In Philadelphia alone the increased vote for
t Gen. Harrison was five hundred and sixteen more
f- than Mr. Sergeant received for Congress, and he rat
it ahead of the Whig ticket.
f- It is astonishing upon how slight a ',Lr.. sixty
electoral votes in this case depended. 'iil.,t this
t Conservative movement in Philadelphia we have no(
I- doubt the thirty votes of Pennsylvania would have gone
r- for Mr. Van Buren.
n People need not be long troubled with that disor
der, so generally prevalent at this season, commonly
t known as the Summer or Bowel Complaint, when
d the certain remedy therefore may be found on ever
I- man's dinner table, in the shape of salt and vinegar
o Two tea spoonsful of the former, dissolved in half
r gill of the latter, and swallowed at a draught, will it
most cases effect an instant cure. The second dose
if needed, will assuredly accomplish it. We ar
ready to give our certificate to Dr. Pickle in the pre
mises, forswe witnessed the proof. Quod erat d,
monstrandumd-whieh is as much as to say, in Dutel'
'it hasch been tride.' This recipe should be publish
ed annually, every summer.--Nantucket Inq.
it Barnaby Rudge," by Boz, Na. 10, has been re
ceived. It contains three chapters not before put
0 ___________________
u- Mr. A. H. Everett was duly inducted President
g- Jefferson College, in the Parish of St. James, Louis.
s- ana, on the 30th ult.
a- Dr. A. BABER.-We perceive, by the Washingto
- correspondent of the Charleston Courier, that this gem
tleman is appointed minister to Sardinia. As ajudiciot
1, and intelligent man and most accomplished gentle(
h man, he will do honor to his country and station.-
Savannah Rep.

r. From the N. 0. Bulletin of July 19.

By the schooner Yew Tiee, Captain Pulsefer, i
10 days from Tobasco, we have received from'our co

y high, especially all kinds of fresh provisions, vegeta
h bles, chickens, butter, &c., and such is the fact here
i- 'T'he mouths are to be filled while the hands are ne
n cessarily idle. Does this look like getting rich? Le
those who think so come here and buy their provis
ions awhile, and see. No, sir, the people of Florida
o pray earnestly that this war may be closed, and the'
le have confidence now that it will be, since the present
,e Administration have taken it in hand; in that prayer
ed I heartily join, and of that confidence partake.-
r Millions have been squandered here, but not for the
i benefit of the citizens at large ; some few may have
partaken of "the spoils," but those were favorites
for that, this Administration is not accountable; the'
have reduced the expenditure, while they have in
n- creased the efficiency of the operations.
i- Sincerely yours.
n- There arrived in the city of New York from th
ed 11th July to the 24th inclusive,g3315 passengers fror
ve foreign ports.

a lesson to Maldonado and his followers, and show
them that Tobasco will be free, notwithstanding a lead-
ing man of great patrimony, who was once in favor of
liberty, should turn to the side of tyranny, and en-
deavor to fix upon his country the most scandalous
The following is the official statement, dated Hui-
maugillo, 26th June.
At 2 o'clock this afternoon we took possession of this
town, forcing an ambuscade of the enemy, numbering
more than four hundred men, lying on the right, left,
and front of our troops.
I directed my advance in two columns-the first un-
der my immediate command of one hundred men, the
second was under the valiant colonel and patriot, Don
Francisco Lemus.
The first notice we had of the position of the enemy,
was a discharge of musketry at my own person, and
near me were wounded a sergeant and two soldiers.-
My horse was killed, pierced by four balls-lour others
lodged in the saddle, and three .nore wounded me
slightly. The main force instantly charged with the
bayonet, while the reserve, as they were ordered, kept
up a continued discharge of musketry. Our vigorous
charge thus threw them into disorder, and we entered
their camp with a rush.
It is difficult to state the precise number of the ene-
my killed-twenty-two bodies have already been
found, and patrols have orders to scour the bushes to
find others.
I have taken six military chests, besides ammunition,
and arms and materials to great amount. Prisoners
are continually coming in, of whom I have now
I particularly recommend to the notice of govein-
ment Capt. J. Solis, Lieut. Rosalio Rincou, and Adjt.
Marcos Velre, as well as the other officers generally,
who have all given proofs of valor.

S Correspondence of tilshe Madisonlan.
ST. AUGUSTINE, Fa., July 15, 1841.
Dear Sir,-I see, by the papers from the North,
that you are sweltering with the heat, while here the
intensity of the sun's rays is tempered by a delicious
and bracing sea breeze, which commences daily about
9 o'clock in the morning and continues through the
whole day and part of the night, rendering this place,
so far as this climate is concerned, as pleasant a sum-
mer as it is a winter residence.
You are of course aware that Col. Worth, who has
the command of the Army in Florida now, has com-
menced active operations against the Indians, and
sent out the troops in small bodies to beat up the
quarters of the enemy, and harass them as much
as possible. In doing this, he is fully aware
that he and the whole army are exposing themselves
to sickness, which must inevitably follow to a greater
or less extent; indeed, this has already commenced,
as out of 5,000 troops there are now one thousand,
possibly more, on the sick list. But notwithstanding
this, the Secretary of War and Col. Worth, both
knowing that the country are sick and tired of this
war, and expect it to be brought to a successful close
as soon as possible, seem to be determined that the
public expectation shall not be disappointed. Un-
questionably the plan now adopted and put in execu-
tion is the right one; that is, to divide the troops into
small bodies, each company of infantry to be accom-
panied by a few dragoons to scour the country in
front and flank, and thus scatter over a large space,
and harass the Indians. As to taking or killing them,
that is out of the question; I would as soon think of
taking or killing so many wolves-they are quite as
difficult to be surprised, caught or shot by our troops
as so many "varmint," and quite as hard to trail,"
f when once you have started them. The fact is, that
every hammock is to them a fortress ; into these they
will dodge and hide, while to our troops they are al-
most impenetrable. Start a body of them, too, andt
they will scatter in every direction, no two going to-
gether for half a mile, so that in a very short time you
lose all trace of them, and ten to one, half of them
have got round into your rear, and are in the very last
place you would think of looking for them.
How then," you exclaim, "is it possible ever to
rout them out 1" Precisely by the plan now adopted.
The Indians must have rest and sleep as well as white
men, and they must have food too, and although they
can find much in the hammocks and in the streams
to live upon, yet they must have some leisure to
gather and prepare this food, such as the Coontie
root, the Arrow root, the pith of the,Palmetto, fish,
game, &c.; but if they are kept constantly disturbed
r and driven about from swamp to swamp, without ces-
t station, they must after a while tire out and be starved
I out. Col. Worth is a gallant and energetic officer,
Sand I think the Administration has shown its wis-
Sdom, not only in the plan of operations, but in the
Selection of a young officer as the commander. Old
Smen for council; young men for action"-and action
is what is required to close this war.
I have often heard the remark made, that Gov-
ernment had better give up the Territory at once
Sto the Indians, that it is not worth the money the war
r has already cost! If this were done, these very men
e would be the first to cry shame upon the Govern-
n ment for suffering themselves to be whipped by a
y handful of savages, and we should be the laughing-
s stock of the whole world, the Indians included. Such
0 a proposition is too ridiculous to be answered, and I
e mention it only to say that the value of Florida is
very much underrated by those who never having
been in the country of course know more about it
than we who live here. The truth is, there is a good
y deal of poor land here, but there is also a great deal
n of very rich land. There is no richer land than the
'y hammocks. There is a large amount of live oak in
the Territory, and that does not grow on poor land
n But there is much land here which you at the North
would consider poor, because it is sandy and light
e that will produce as good corn and as much to th
acre as can be raised, ordinarily, in New England, oi
even in Pennsylvania; and finer garden vegetables
h- such as cabbages, radishes, beans, peas, cucumbers
melons, &c,, &c., I would not wish to see than I hays
seen raised on this kind of sandy soil. Formerly tht
e- pine woods or sandy plains were filled with extensive
b- herds of cattle, and will be so again, ere long, bu
these herds have all been destroyed by the troops anc
by the Indians, to prevent them from falling into each
other's hands.
It has been said that the people of Florida are get.
ting rich by this war, and that therefore they do not
want it brought to a close. This assertion is so fai
0 from being true that the very reverse is the fact. Tht
as citizens of Florida have suffered immensely, and art
e- still suffering by this war. Many of them, indee(
- most of them, in East Florida, have been impoverish.
ed, and some almost beggared by it; it has broken ui
their plantations, prevented them from raising theit
crops, driven them into the towns, and compelle<
them to dispose of their property to procure subsist.
0 ence. Of course, where little is raised, and an arm;
rb is to be fed in addition to the mouths before in tht
e country, provisions of all kinds must be enormously

y The report of the committee having been accept-
ed, the resolutions were discussed by Messrs. M.
Strong, 0. N. Bush, J. B. Clarke, J. Gates and W.
L. Chaplin, and unanimously adopted.
It was then, on motion,
t Resolved, That a committee of seven be appointed
to engross and forward copies of the proceedings of
this meeting to the President and to both Houses of
a Congress; to correspond with similar committees of
y other places in relation to the passage of a General
t Bankrupt Law, and to take such other measures to
secure such passage as may be necessary and proper.
Whereupon, the Chair appointed as such commit-
- tee Messrs. Erasmus D. Smith, H. L. Stevens, Malt-
e by Strong, Henry O'Reilly, James K. Livingston,
Graham H. Chapin and J. B. Clarke.
Resolved, That the proceedings of this meeting be
Published in the newspapers of this city, and that the
f editors of the National Intelligencer, Washington
SGlobe and Madisonian, of the city of Washington,
be respectfully requested to give the same an inser-
tion in their respective journals.
The meeting then adjourned.
E. F. SMITH, President.
a DARIUS PERRIN, V. President,
EAsmtus D. SMITH, Secretary.

Nebn YorMt correspoununm.

NEWYORK, July 27, 1841.
The meeting of our citizens in favor of 'a Na-
tional Bank with power to establish branches in
the several States and Territories,' took place in
front of National Hall last evening. It was re-
spectable in point of character and numbers-I
think, consisting, not less than four thousand
persons. Hon. JOHN L. LAWRENCE presided,
and the Vice Presidents and Secretaries were
Whigs of unexceptionable worth. An excel-
lent letter from Hon. GEO. POINDEXTER, de-
clining to attend for obvious reasons, was read
by G. M. Hillyer, Esq., and the resolutions
drawn up by a committee, were read by WIL-
LIAM SAMUEL JOHNSON, Esq. They are mode-
rate and well drawn, asserting the power of
Congress to establish a truly National Bank, the
advantages of such a Bank, and the judgment
of the meeting that it should not be rendered
"the puppet of dreams, theory and visionary
abstraction." These resolutions being adopted
WEATHER, Esq. successively addressed the meet-
iug-the former ably, the latter vehemently.-
Mr. Selden warmly eulogized Mr. CLAY, to
which the people heartily responded-made
some comparison not favorable to other distin-
guished statesmen, and contended that an "old
fashioned Bank" was the true panacea for the
evils under which the country suffers-that the
people expected and desired such a one, &c. &c.,
and that the Supreme Court had decided such a
Bank constitutional and could not now reverse
that decision, but might quash a different Bank.
But from the beginning to the end of his dis-
course I did not hear a word to the point-that
is showing that the restriction of the proposed
Bank to the purchase and sale of Exchange,
instead of the discounting of local paper, would
be fatal to its stability or usefulness. In fact,
Mr. Ewing's plan was misunderstood or misre-
presented throughout.
I conversed with dozens there collected, and
full three-fourths of them thought the call of the
meeting ill-judged and its assemblage unneces-
sary. A very large proportion were quite con-
tent with a modified Bank bill, and satisfied
with the prospect afforded by the present aspect
of the question in Congress. In fact, I should
have been quite willing to stand a poll on the
question of Modification or no Modification, and
had hopes of a judicious result. But no oppo-
sition was made to the appointed order of things
-not even when two or three hundred Loco-
Focos (probably) undertook to hiss DANIEL
There is nothing else of interest here. The
weather is cooler. Stocks stagnant. Cotton so
so. Ashes looking up. Flour is also threaten-
ing an advance, and choice brands of Genesee
have brought $5,62 again.
Yours, HAROLD.
At a public meeting of the citizens of the city of
Rochester, New York, held at the Court House on
Thursday evening, July 15th, 1841, pursuant to a
call numerously signed and previously published in
the newspapers of said city, inviting the citizens with-
out distinction of party to meet for the purpose of
giving an expression of public opinion and feeling in
relation to the passage of a General Bankrupt law by
Congress at its present session, his Honor, the MAYOR,
was chosen President, Hon. THOMAS KEMPSHALL, and A
DARIUS PERRIN, Esq. Vice Presidents, ERASMUS D.
SMITH, Esq., Secretary.
The call for the meeting having been read by the
On motion of Mr. J. B. Clarke,
Resolved, That a committee of nine be appointed
to report resolutions for the consideration and action
of this meeting.
W hereupon, the Chair appointed as such commit-
tee Messrs. J. B. Clarke, Charles J. Hill, E. Darwin
Smith, Maltby Strong, C. C. Lathrap, H. B. Sher-
man,Graham H. Chapin, Jas. W. Smith, and Benja-
men Campbell.
The committee having retired, returned and report-
rd the following resolutions:
Resolved, That the sufferings of the hundreds of
thousands of honest and unfortunate citizens of the
country, who are overwhelved in hopeless and inex-
tricable bankruptcy, imperiously demand the passage
by Congress at its present session, of such a General
Bankrupt law as will afford them speedy and effectual
Resolved, That inasmuch as the question of the
passage of such a law by Congress, has for a number
of years past been thoroughly discussed in the public
journals, in the primary assemblies of the people, in
the State Legislatures, and in the halls of Congress,
and that, inasmuch asthe almost unanimous opinion
of the people has been expressed in favor of the mea-
sure through those channels, as well as in the numer-
ous petitions which have been addressed to Congress,
we can discover no good reason nor well grounded
excuse for any further delay in placing the law upon
the statute book.
Resolved, That inasmuch as those who may be
liberated from the shackles of bankruptcy by the pro-
posed law, are to surrender, as the price of that lib-
eration, the last farthing of their property, every hour
of the time for which their liberation is deferred, is so
Much abstracted from the only capital with which
1 they are to be allowed to re-commenee the business
t of life.
Resolved, That the best interests of the solvent
and creditor classes will not be prejudiced by the pas-
Ssage of a General Bankrupt Law; but, on the con-
e trary, will be promoted, along with the general pros-
Sperity of the community, which that measure is so
well calculated to advance.
Resolved, That however the other measures no-w
h engaging the attention of Congress, may tend to the
successful administration of the Government and the
e advancement of the interests of those who have been
so fortunate as to survive the pecuniary disasters
which have befallen the country, those measures can,
, in the absence of a General Bankrupt Law, bring no
relief to the insolvent classes; and that it is only by
the enactment of that law that relief can be extended
e to those who, of all others, most require it.
e Resolved, That whilst we shall rejoice at any
e measures of national legislation which may advance
t and secure the prosperity of the solvent and already
prosperous classes, we insist that the principles of our
d Government, which are the principles of equal law
h and enlightened philanthropy, demand that the less
fortunate, though not less honest classes, who ask,
not an increase of prosperity, but the humbler boon
of emancipation from the chains and thraldom of
t bankruptcy, be permitted to share, to that limited ex-
r tent at least, in the benefits of that legislation.
- Resolved, That we will cheerfully acquiesce in
e the propriety of subjecting, through the Judiciary
Department of the &uvernment, insolvent or fraudu-
d lent State corporations to the compulsory power of a
- General Bankrupt Law, should Congress in its wis-
dom see fit to incorporate with the law a provision
for that purpose.
r Resolved, That the proceedings of this meeting be
d forwarded to the Representative in Congress from
. this district, and to the Senators from this State, for
presentation to the two Houses of Congress, and that
Y a copy of the same be respectfully submitted to the
- President of the United States.

respondent an account of the operations of the Repuh
of licans in Tobasco, Chiapas, and Oajaca. The cause
of fiee principles, we are happy to learn, is steadily
1. gaining adherents in those States ; and there is goo
d ground for believing that not only all the inhabitant
of the Peninsula, but those of several other Mex
e- can States, will unite under one Federal Republica
Is government.
of We have just seen a letter from a respectable person
in Tchuautepec, in which we are informed that on th
night of the 7th ult. a pait of the garrison of Oajac
e proclaimed against Centralism, against whom a large
number of the citizens had united; and it was hope
d that the rest of the troops would also come out in fav(
d of the same cause, or that the force opposed to their
d would compel them to surrender at discretion.
e TOBASCO, June 28.
This morning, at half-past five o'clock, it was at
d- nounced to the public, by the firing of cannon and ch
d ming of bells, that the news had been received that th
Valiant officer Don Francisco Seretmanat had con
d pletely defeated the Centralists, who had concentrate
a at the town of Huimauguillo. This victory will proi

TIHE subscriber respectfully calls the attention of
the Officers of the Public Departments and the
citizens generally, to his large and complete assort-
ERY. Having made every requisite arrangement
with his correspondents in Europe, and being in con-
nexion with the long established house of THOMAS
RHOADS & SONS of London, he will be continually
receiving shipments of Staple and Fancy Stationery,
and on such terms as will enable him to offer the
greatest advantages as regards both quality and prices.
Among other articles in that line, lie has the follow-
ing in quantities, viz:-
Quarto Post and Foolscap papers, English and Ame-
rican, of various qualities and manufactories, plain,
ruled, and gilt.
English and American Note Papers, plain and tinted.
Cap, Royal, and Super Royal Envelope paper.
Cartridge paper, Blotting paper.
Medium and Quarto Copying paper.
Folio Post, Packet Post, Demy, Medium, Royal, Su-
per Royal, and Imperial Writing papers.
Prepared Parchment of all sizes.
English Drawing Papers, from 15 by 20 to 44 by 120
inches, Whatman's Turkey Mills.
Rodgers & Sons' Congress Knives, Erasures and
Desk Knives.
Opaque, Dutch'd and English Quills ef superior qua-
lities, Swan Quills.
Perry's, Gillott's, Windle's, Rhoads & Sons, War-
ren's and other Steel Pens of every variety.
Port Folios of all sizes, Manifold Letter Writers.
Gentlemen's travelling Cases, Portable Desks of dif-
ferent sizes and qualities.
Motto and Initial Seals.
Rhoads & Son's superfine red and colored Waxes of
the following stamps: Government, Irish Harp, Hi-
bernia, King's Arms, Royal Victoria and Extra
V,.-ir,.,ii.,. 1.1 ,'k Wax,embossed do.
Sol. ri;n.. ,t.-,,i.-, R.I, and Black Wafers.
White sad Pink Tapes of all sizes, Silk Taste.
Black and Red Writing Inks, Copying Ink.
Stephen's Blue Fluid, black and unchangeable blue.
Glass Ink Stands, Bronzed and Ebony do.
Sand Boxes, Pounce do, black Sand, Pounce.
Rulers, Ivory Folders and Letter Stamps, assorted.
Prepared Rubber, Lead Pencils, Paper Weights,
Slates, Paper files, Wafer Cups, Twine.
These articles have all been carefully selected, are
warranted of superior qualities, and will be sold at
New York prices.
WM. F. BAYLY, Agent for
Pennsylvania Avenue, between 3d and
june 12-6m 4 1-2 streets.
l. Counsellor at Law, late of Virginia, having lo-
cated himself in the city of New York for eight years
last paint, respectfully tenders his acknowledgments to
his friends in the South, for their confidence and pat-
ronage in various matters of business, and solicits
their continuance. He has had much experience, both
in this State and that of Pennsylvania, in causing fugi-
tive slaves to be secured, and will continue to effect such
objects whenever called upon. His plans are so well
matured, by having at his command the most efficient
aid, located at Jil, r. n, points, and successfully har-
monizing, that he cannot but flatter himself that he
will have more complete success in future than hereto-
fore-indeed, if clothed with full authority, he can
cause any fugitive slave to be secured, who may be in
the United States, north of Mason and Dixon's line.
All the statutory enactments of this State on this sub-
ect, have been pronounced unconstitutional by the
highest tribunals. It will therefore be seen that the
provision made in the constitution on this subject, are
paramount to all other enactments, whether State or
federal. There are thousands of fugitive slaves in
this city and its environs, and they continue to mul-
tiply rapidly.
These being, at best, very unpopular cases in this
quarter, (he having the Abolitionists, the flesh, and
the devil, to contend with,) it will be necessary for
those wishing to secure his services, to forward him a
power of attorney, duly executed, and minutely de-
scriptive of the fugitive, and also a fee of $20, to defray
preliminary and contingent expenses. His universal
charge for securing such slave is $100, and all reason-
able expenses.
S Mr. Pettis will promptly and faithfully attend to
any business confided to him, touching his profession.
All letters must be post paid.
New York March 17, 1841-d&c6m.
l"' The Alexandria Gazette will copy the above,
and send their bill to me at 164 Broadway, New
York. H. PETTIS.

N pursuance of law, I, MARTIN VAN BUREN, Pre-
sident of the United States of America, do hereby
declare and make known, that public sales will be
held at the undermentioned Land Offices in the State
of Illinois at the periods hereinafter designated, to
At the Land Office at CHICAGO, commencing on
Monday, the ninth day of August next, for the dis-
posal of the public lands within the limits of the un-
dermenti.ned townships, to wit:
North of the base line, and east of the third principal
Tk a-nship thirty-eight, of range six.
Township thirty-eight, of range seven.
Townships thirty-eight, thirty-nine, and forty, ex-
cept the east half of the southeast quarter, the east
half and northwest quarter of the northeast quarter,
and the north half of the northwest quarter, in section
three, in township thirty-nine of range eight.
Township forty-five andl township forty-six, border-
ing on the Wiskonsan Territory, of range ten.
Township forty-four and forty-five, and township
forty-six, bordering on the Wiskonsan Territory, of
range eleven.
Sections one to six, inclusive, in township forty,
fractional township forty-one, (except the north half
of section seven,) the northeast quarter of section ten
in township forty-three, and fractional townships forty-
four, forty-five, and forty-six, bordering on Lake
Michigan, of range twelve.
At the Land Office at DIXON, (late Galena,) com-
mencing on Monday, the sixteenth of August next,
for the disposal of the public lands within the limits
of the undermentioned townships, to wit:
North of the base line, and east of the fourth principal
Fractional townships twenty-six and twenty-seven,
bordering on the Mississippi river, and fractional town-
ship twenty-eight, except sections seventeen, twenty,
anut twenty-one, of range one.
Fractional townships twenty-five and twenty-six,
bordering on the Mississippi river, of range two.
Fractional townships twenty-four and twenty-five,
bordering on the Misssissippi river, of range three.
Townships twenty and twenty-one, of range six.
Townships twenty-one and twenty-two, of range
Townships twenty-one, twenty-two, twenty-three,
twenty-four, twenty'five, twenty-six, and twenty- se-
ven, of range eight.
Townships twenty-two, twenty-three, twenty-four,
twenty-five, twenty-six, and twenty-seven, of range
Townships twenty..two, twenty-three, twenty-four,
twenty-five, twenty-six, and twenty-eight, of range
Townships twenty-five, twenty-six, twenty-seven,
and twenty-eight, of range eleven.
North of the base line, and west of the fourth princi-
pal meridian.
Fractional townships twenty-seven and twenty-
eight, bordering on the Mississippi river, except sec-
tions thirteen and twenty-four in the latter, of range
Fractional townships twenty-eight and twenty-nine,
bordering on the Mississippi river, of range two.
Fractional section seventeen, in township seventeen,
of range two.
Islands numbered one, two, three, and four, and
part of Island numbered five, lying in Rock ,liver, with-
in the limits of township forty-three, north of range
ore, east of the third principal meridian.
At the Land Office at QUINCY, commencing on

Monday, the sixteenth day of August next, for the
disposal of the public lands within the limits of the
undermentioned fractional townships, to wit:
North of the base line, and east of the fourth princi-
pal meridian.
Fractional townships two and three, bordering on
the Illinois river, of range three.
Lands appropriated, by law, for the use of schools,
wiitaiy or other purposes, will be excluded from sale.
The sales will each be kept open for two weeks,
(unless the lands are sooner disposed of,) and no
longer; and no private entries of land in the town-
ships so offered will be admitted until after the expira-
tion of the two weeks.
Given under my hand, at the city of Washington,
this eighteenth day of February, anno Domini, 1841.
By the President:
Commissioner of the General Land Office.

Every person claiming the right of pre-emption
to land ii any of the townships designated in this
proclamation, in virtue of the provisions of the act of

23d June, 1838, as extended and modified by the act
of 1st June, 1840, or of the provisions of the latter
act granting certain privileges to another class of set-
tlers, is requested to prove the same to the satisfaction
of the Register and Receiver of the proper land of-
fice, and make payment therefore as soon as practicable
after seeing this notice, and before the day appointed
for the commencement of the public sale of the land
as above designated: otherwise such claims will be
Commissioner of the General Land Office.
april 23-wtds.
N pursuance of law, I, JOHN TYLER, President of
the United States of America, do hereby declare
and make known that a public sale will be held at the
Land Office at GENESEE, in the State of Michigan,
for the disposal of certain tracts of land hereinafter de-
signated, which were ceded to the United States by
the Saganaw tribe of the Chippewa nation, by the
treaty concluded with these Indians on the 14th of
January, 1837, commencing on Monday, the thirteenth
day of Septemiler next, to wit:
North of the base tine, and East of the meridian.
One tract of forty thousand acres, on the west side
of Saganaw river, lying within the limits of township
fourteen, of range three.
Townships thirteen, fourteen, and fifteen, of range
four, and townships thirteen, fourteen and fifteen, of
range five, except the fractional sections, ten, fifteen,
and sixteen, in township fourteen, of range four the
surveys of which are incomplete, and that portion of
section three, in township fourteen, of range five, re-
served for the use of a light-house.
One tract of six thousand acres, on the north side
of the Kawkawling river, bordering on Saganaw bay,
situated in townships fourteen and fifteen, of range
One tract of two thousand acres, on the east side of
Saganaw river, in township thirteen, of range five.
One tract of five thousand seven hundred and sixty
acres, on both sides of Flint river, known as Reaum's
Village, situated in townships nine and ten of range
One tract of eight thousand acres at the village of
Otusson, one tract of one thousand acres at Meno-
quet's village, and one tract of six hundred and forty
acres at the Great Bend, all situated on the north side
of Cass river, [designated on the official plat of survey
ae Flint river,] in township eleven, of ranges six and
One tract often thousand acres, at the Big Lick or
Rock, situated on both sides of the Shiawassee river,
in township nine, of range three.
One tract of three thousand acres, at the Little
Forks, on the south side of the Tetabawasink river,
in townships thirteen and fourteen, of rango two.
One tract of six thousand acres, at the Blackbirds
town, on the south side of the Tetabawasink river, in
township thirteen, of range two, and townships twelve
and thirteen, of range three.
The lands here described are to be sold for the ex-
clusive benefit of the aforesaid tribe of Indians, under
the provisions of a treaty concluded with them on the
23d January, 1838, ratified by the Senate on the 2d
July following, the first article of wh ch fixes the mi-
nimumrn price at five dollars per acre, under which sum
no bid will be received, and which lands are not sub-
ject to entry under any pre-emption law of Congress.
The sale will be kept open for two weeks, (unless
the lands are sooner disposed of,) and no longer ; and
no private entries of land in the townships so offered
will be admitted until after the expiration of the two
Given under my hand, at the city of Washington,
this ninth day of June, anno Domini 1841.
By the President:
Commissioner of the General Land Office.
june 12-wtlst Sept.

In pursuance of law, I, JOHN TYLER, President of the
United States of America, do hereby declare and
make kuown that a public sale will be held at the
Land Office at BATESVILLE, in the State of Ar-
kansas, commencing on Monday the ninth day of Au-
gust next, for the disposal of the public lands within
the limits of the undermentioned townships, to wit:
North of the base line, and east of the flfihprincipal
Township seventeen of range one.
Township nine, of range two.
Townships seventeen and twenty-one, except the
northern tier of sections in twenty-one, of range four.
Township sixteen and seventeen, of range five.
North of the base line, and west lof the fijth principal
Township sixteen, of range one.
Township sixteen, of range two.
Fractional township ten, north of the old Cherokee
boundary line, and fractional township fifteen, lying
west of White river, of range eleven.
Townships fourteen and fifte n, of range sixteen.
Township fourteen, of range seventeen.
Lands appropriated, by law, for the use of schools,
military, or other purposes will be excluded from sale.
The sale will be kept open for two weeks, (unless
the lands are sooner disposed of,) and no longer; and
no private entries of land in the townships so offered
will be admitted until the expiration of the two weeks.
Given under my hand, at the city of Washington,
this thirtieth day of April, anno Domini 1841.
By the President:
Commissioner of the General Land Office.

Every peirton claiming the right of pre-emption to
land in any of the townships designated in this proc-
lamation, in virtue of the provisions of the act of 22d
June, 1838, as extended and modified by the act of
1st June, 1840, or of the provisions of the latter act
granting certain privileges to another class of settlers,
is requested to prove the same to the satisfaction of the
Register and Receiver of tihe land office, and make
payment therefore as soon as practicable after seeing
this notice, and before the day appointed for the com-
mencement of the public sale of the land as above des-
ignated; otherwise such claims will be forfeited.
Commissioner of the General Land Office.
may 4-wtds.

N pursuance of law, I, JOHN TYLER, President of
the United States of America, do hereby declare
and make known that a public sale will be held at the
Land Office at DANVILLE, in the State of Illinois,
commencing on Monday, the 9th day of August next,
for the disposal of the public lands within tIe limits
of the undermentioned townships, to wit:
North of the base line and east of the third principal
Townships twenty-six, twenty-seven, and twenty-
eight, except the western tier, or sections six, seven,
eighteen, nineteen, thirty, and thirty-one, in each
township, of range seven.
Townships twenty-seven, twenty-eight; twenty-
nine, and thirty, of range nine.
Townships twenty-seven, twenty-eight, twenty-
rcne, and thirty, of range ten.
Townships twenty-seven, twenty-eight, twenty-
nine, and thirty, of range eleven.
North of the baseline, and west of the second principal
Townships twenty-eight, twenty-nine, and thirty,
of range fourteen.
Lands appropriated, by law, for the use of schools,
military, or other purposes, will be excluded from
The sale will be kept open for two weeks, (unless
the lands are sooner disposed of,) and no longer ; and
no private entries of land in the townships so offered
will be admitted until after the expiration of the two
Given under my hand, at the city of Washington,
this thirtieth day of April, Anno Domini, 1841.

By the President:
Commissioner of the General Land Office.
Every person claiming the right of pre-emption to
land in any of the townships designated in this pro-
clamaiton, in virtue of the provisions of the act of the
22d June, 1838, as extended and modified by the act
of the 1st June, 1810, or of the provisions of the lat-
ter act granting certain privileges to another class of
settlers, is requested to prove the same to the satisfac-
tion of the Register and Receiver of the Land Office,
and make payment therefore as soon as practicable after
seeing this notice, and before the day appointed for
the commencement of the public sale of the land as
above designated; otherwise such claim will be for-
Commissioner of the General Land Office.
may 4-wids
French; 13 volumesquarto; with many maps and
engravings ; in perfect order full bound in calf; price
only 13 dollars for the set. Imported by

WAsnINGTON, JULY 1, 1841.
SEPARATE PROPOSALS will be received at
this office until the 1st day of October next for the
delivery of provisions in bulk for the use of the troops
of the United States, upon inspection, as follows:
At New Orleans.
100 barrels of Pork
200 do fresh Superfine Flour
90 bushels of new white field Beans
1,500 pounds of good hard Soap
600 do good hard Sperm Candles
30 bushels of good clean dry Salt
400 gallons of good cider Vinegar
At the public landing, six miles from Fort Towson,
mouth of the Chiemichi.
100 barrels of Pork
200 do fresh superfine Flour
90 bushels of new white field Beans
1,500 pounds of good hard Soap
600 do good hard Sperm Candles
30 bushels of goad clean dry Salt
400 gallons of good cider Vinegar
The whole to be delivered in all the month of April,
1842, and to leave Natchitoches by the 20th of Feb-
ruary, 1842.
At Fort Jssup, Louisiana.
100 barrels of Pork
200 do fresh superfine Flour
90 bushels of new white field Beans
1,500 pounds of good-hard Soap
600 do good hard Sperm Candles
39 bushels of good clean dry Salt
400 gallons of good cider Vinegar
One-half to be delivered on 1st May, 1842, and the
remainderon 1st December, 1842.
At Fort Smith, Arkansas.
1,000 barrels of Pork
2,000 do of fresh superfine Flour
900 bushels of new white field Beans
15,000 pounds of good hard Soap
6,000 do of good hard Sperm Candles
300 bushels of good clean dry Salt
4,000 gallons of good Cider Vinegar
The whole to be delivered in all the month of May,
At St. Louis, or Jefferson Barracks, Missouri.
100 barrels of Pork
200 do of fresh superfine Flout
90 bushels of new white field Beans
1,500 pounds of good hard Soap
600 do of good hard Sperm Candles
30 bushels of good clean diy Salt
400 gallons of good Cider Vinegar
At Fort Crawford, Prairie du Chien, Mississippi
400 barrels of Pork
800 do of fresh superfine Flour
360 bushels of new white field Beans
6,000 pounds of good lihard Soap
4,000 do of good hard tallow Candles
120 bushels of good clean dry Salt
1,600 gallons of good Cider Vinegar
The whole to be delivered by the 1st of June, 1842.
At Fort Snelling, St. Peter's.
200 barrels of Pork
400 do of fresh superfine Flour
180 bushels of new white field Beans
3,000 pounds of good haid Soap
2,000 do of good hard tallow Candles
60 bushels of good clean dry salt
800 gallons of good Cider Vinegar
The whole to be delivered by the 15th of June, 1842.
At Fort Winnebago, on the Fox River, at the portage
of Fox and Wiskonsan rivers.
200 barrels of Pork
400 do of fresh superfine Flour
180 bushels of new white field Beans
3,000 pounds of good hard Soap
2,000 do of good hard tallow Candles
60 bushels of good clean dry Salt
800 gallons of good Cider Vinegar
The whole to be delivered by the 1st of June, 1842.
At Fort Howard, Green Bay.
100 barrels of Pork
200 do of fiesh superfine Flour
90 bushels of new w white field Beans
1,500 pounds of good hard Soap
1,000 do of good hard tallow Candles
30 bushels of good clean dry Salt
400 gallons of good Cider Vinegar
The whole to be delivered by the 1st of June, 1842.
At Fort Brady, Sault de Ste. Marie.
100 barrels of Pork
200 do of fresh superfine Flour
90 bushels of new white field Beans
1,500 pounds of good hard Soap
1,000 do of good hard tallow Candles
30 bushels of good clean dry Salt
400 gallons of good Cider Vinegar
The whole to be delivered by the 1st of June, 1842.
At Hancock Barracks, Holton, Maine.
400 barrels of Pork
800 do of fresh superfine Flour
360 bushels of new white field Beans
6,000 pounds of good hard Soap
4,000 do of good tallow Candles
120 bushels of good clean dry Salt
1,600 gallons of good cider Vinegar
The whole to be delivered in December, 1841, and
January and February, 1842.
At Fort Sullivan, Eastport, Maine.
100 barrels of Pork
200 do of fresh superfine Flour
90 bushels of new white field Beans
1,500 pounds of good hard Soap
1,000 do of good hard tallow Candles
30 bushels efgood clean dry Salt
400 gallons of good cider Vinegar
At Fort Preble, Portland, Maine.
100 barrels of Pork
200 do of fresh superfine Flour
90 bushels of new white field Beans
1,500 pounds of good hard Soap
1,000 do of good hard tallow Candlas
30 bushels of good clean dry Salt
400 gallons good cider Vinegar
At Detroit, Michigan.
200 barrels of Pork
400 barre:s of fresh superfine Flour
180 bushels of new white field Beans
3,000 pounds of good hard Soap
2,000 do of good hard tallow Candles
60 bushels of good clean dry Salt
800 gallons of good cider Vinegar
At Buffalo, New York.
200 barrels of Pork
400 do of fresh superfine Flour
180 bushels of new white field Beans
3,0(^0 pounds of good hard Soap
2,000 do of good hard tallow Candles
60 bushels of good clean dmy Salt
800 gallons of good cider Vinegar
At New York City.
200 barrels of Pork
4lJO do of fre.h superfine Flour
180 bushels of new white field Beans
3,000 pounds of good hard Soap
200 do of good hatd tallow Candles
50 bushels of good clean dry Salt
800 gallons of goad cider Vinegar
At Baltimore, Maryland.
100 barrels tf Pmrk
200 do of fresh superfine Flour
90 bushels ot new white field Beans
1,500 pounds of good hard Snap
1,000 pounds of good hard tallow Candles
30 bushels of good clean dry Salt
400 gallons of good cider Vinegar
NOTE.-All bidders are requested to extend the
amount of their bids for each article, and exhibit the

total amount of each bid. The periods and quanti-
ties of each delivery at those posts where they are not
specified will be one-fourth 1st June, 1st September,
1st December, 1842, and 1st March, 1843.
The t.ogs of which the Pork is packed to be fatten-
ed on coin, and each hog to weigh riot less than two
hundred pounds, and consist of oie hog to each bar-
rel, excluding the feet, legs, ears, and snout. Side
pieces may be substituted for the hams.
The Pork is to be first salted with Turk's Island
salt, and then carefully packed with the same article in
pieces not exceeding ten pounds each. When the
packing h.s been completed, the contractor must fur-
nish to this office a certificate from the packer that the
Pork has been so salted and packed.
The pork to be contained ini seasoned heart of white
oak or white ash barrels, full hooped ; the Beans in
water-tight barrels, and the Soap and Candles in
strong boxes of convenient size for transportation.
Salt will only be received by measurement of thirty-
two quarts to the bushel. The candles to have cot-
ton wicks. The provisions for Prairie du Chien andti
St. Peter's must pass St. Louis, for their ultimate des-
tination, by the 15th of April, 1842. A failure in
this particular will be considered a breach of contract,
and the Department will be authorized to purchase to
supply these posts.

' The provisions will be inspected at the time and
place of delivery, and all expenses to be paid by con-
tractors until they are deposited at such store-houses
as may be designated by the agents of the Depart-
The Commissary General reserves the privilege of
increasing or diminishing the quantities, or of dispen-
sing with one or more articles, at any time before en-
tering into contract, and also of increasing or reducing
the quantities of each delivery one-third, subsequent
to contract, on giving sixty days' previous notice.
Bidders, not heretofore contractors, are required to
accompany their proposals with evidence of their abili-
ty, together with the names of their sureties, whose
responsibility must be certified by the District Attor-
ney, or by some person well known to the Govern-
ment, othervise'their proposals will not be acted on.
Advances cannot be made in any case; and evi-
dence of inspection and full delivery will be required
at this office before requisition will be made upon the
Treasury for payment, which will be effected in such
public money as may be convenient to the points of
delivery, the places of purchase, or the residence of
the contractors, at the option of the Treasury Depart-
No drafts on this office will be accepted or paid un-
der any circumstances.
Each proposal will be sealed in a separate envelope,
and marked "Proposals for furnishing Army Subsist-

july 3-3tawt25Sept



SEALED OFFERS, endorsed Offers for Beef,"
or Offers for Poik," as the case may be, will be
received at this office until 3 o'clock P. M. of the 20th
July next, for furnishing and delivering, free of all
cost and charge to the United States-
3,000 barrels of Navy Beef, and 3,600 barrels of
Navy Pork; each barrel to contain two hundred
pounds, nett weight, of Beef or Pork. To be deliver-
ed as follows, viz.
1,200 barrels of the Beef at the Navy Yard, Char-
lestown, Massachusetts.
800 barrels of the Beef at the Navy Yard, Brook-
lyn, New York.
1,000 barrelsof the Bsef atthe Navy Yard, Gos-
port, Virginia.
1,600 barrels of the Pork at the Navy Yard, Char-
lestown, Massachusetts.
1,000 barrels of the Pork at the Navy Yard, Brook-
lyn, New York.
1,000 barrels of the Pork at the Navy Yard, Gos-
port, Virginia.
All the said Beef and Pork to be delivered between
the 5th day of April and the fifteenth day of June,
1842; unless earlier deliveries should be authorized by
the Navy Commissioners.
The Beef mi st be packed from well fattened cattle,
weighing not less than five hundred pounds neet
weight each. The legs and leg rands of the hind-
quarters, and the shins and shoulder clods, and at
leasteight pounds from the neck end of each fore-
quarter, or the parts marked Nos. 1, 2, and 3 on the
drawing or delineation of the foie and hind-quarters of
an Ox, which will be attached to and form a part of
the contract, must be wholly excluded from each bar-
rel, and the remainder of the carcass must be cut in
pieces of not less than eight pounds each.
The Pork must be packed from corn-fed, well-fat-
tened hogs, weighing not less than two hundred
pounds each, excluding the heads, joles, necks, shoul-
ders, hams, legs, feet, anid lard, and all refuse pieces;
and must be cut in pieces weighing not less than six
pounds each.
Both the Beef and Pork must be slaughtered be-
tween the first of November next and the periods of
delivery, and must be salted with at least one bushel
of coarse Turk's Island, Isle of May, or St. Ubes salt,
and with five ounces of pure pulverized saltpetre, to
each barrel, exclusive of a pickle, to be made from
fresh water, as strong as salt can make it.
The barrels to be made of the best seasoned white
oak or white ash staves and heading. If of the for-
mer, to be not less than three-fourths of an inch thick;
if of the latter, to be riot less than one inch thick, and
to be hooped at least three-fourths over with the best
white oak or hickory hoops, except the erase hoop,
which must be of iron, at least one inch wide, and riot
less than the denomination No. 17. All at the ex-
pense of the respective contractors.
Each barrel must be branded on its head, Navy
Beef," or Navy Pork," as thecase may be, with the
contractor's name, and the year when packed.
The Beef and the Pork will be inspected by the In-
specting officers at the respective Navy Yards afore-
said, and by some "sworn Inspectors of salt provi-
sions," who will be selected by the respective Com-
manding Officers; but their charges for such inspec-
tion must be paid by the respective contractors, who
must likewise have the bariels put in good shipping
order, to the satisfaction of the Commandants of the
respective Navy Yards aforesaid, after the inspections,
and at their own expense.
Bidders must specify their prices separately and dis-
tinctly, in separate offers for the Beef and for the Pork,
and for each of the places of delivery, covering all ex-
penses and all charges.
Letters from persons binding themselves to become
sureties, if the offers are accepted, and other letters
from some Navy Agent, Commandant at a Navy
Yard, or other person well known to the Department,
must accompany the offers of each person, and state
the belief of the writer that the person offering to con-
tract is practically acquainted, by experience, with the
best mode of curing and packing Beef and Pork, and
has the ability to perform his contract in a satisfactory
manner, and that his sureties have also the ability, in
case of failure on the part of the contractor, to pay the
amount of their bonds.
The Board of Navy Commissioners reserve to them-
selves the right to reject all offers from persons who
have heretofore failed to fulfil their contracts, or who
do not forward satisfactory letters, showing their abi-
lity, and the ability of their sureties, to complete the
Bonds in one-third the amount of the respective
contracts will be required; and ten per centum, in ad-
dition, will be withheld from the amount of each pay-
ment to be made, as collateral security for the due and
faithful performance of their respective contracts;
which will, on no account, be paid until the contracts
are complied with in all respects; and is to be forfeited
to the use and benefit of the United States, in the
event of failures to complete the deliveries within the
prescribed periods. Anid in case of failure on the part
of the contractors to deliver the aforesaid Beef and
Pork within the times specified, the Navy Commis-
sioners to have the right to direct purchases to be made
to supply the deficiencies, and any excess of cost to
be charged to and paid biy the contractors. Payment
will be made by the United States (excepting the ten
per centum, to be withheld until the completion of the
contracts as before stated) within thirty days after the
said Beef and Pork siall have been inspected and re-
ceived, and bills for the same shall be presented to the
Navy Agents respectively,duly approved by the Com-
mandants of the respective Navy Yards according to
the terms of the contracts.
The parts of the Beef to be excluded fiom the bar-
rel will be particularly designated in the engravings to
be attached to the contracts; persons interested can
obtain them on application at this office.
SinTo be published three times a week in the Na-
tional Intelligencer, and Madisonian, D.C. Vermont:
Vermont Watchman and State Journal, and Peo-
ple's Press. Massachusetts: Boston Daily Adver-
tiser, Boston Atlas. New York: New York Ex-
press, New York Commercial Advertiser. Pennsyl-
vania: North American and Daily Advertiser, (Phil-
adelphia.) Maryland: Baltimore Patriot, Bahltimore
American. Virginia: Norfolk and Portsmouth Her-
ald, and Norfolk Beacon. Kentucky: Louisville
Journal, the Oiserver, the Intelligencer, (at Lex-
ington,) Commonwealth (at Frankfort,) Eagle, (at
Maysville.) Ohio: State Journal,Ccincinati Gazette,
Cleveland Herald. Indiana: Indiana Journal, Rich-
mend Palladium, Wabash Courier, Missouri: Mis-
souri Republican. june 17

street, next door to the Masonic Hall, Philadel-
phia. H. T. HART WELL, Proprietor. This new
and splendid house is now open, and fitted up in the
most fashionable style for the accommodation of gen-
tlemen and families.
The hrcation for health and convenience, to places
of fashionable resort or business, has no superior;
while the parlors, dining-rooms, and chambers, will
bear comparison with any similar establishment in the
The ladies will find in it all the quiet and elegance
of a stately private mansion, and the gentlemen every
luxury that may be expected from a hotel of the first
class in the city of Philadelphia.
The proprietor hopes, by his exertions, to merit a
liberal patronage for the Wash ngton House, and to
give entire satisfaction to all who may honor it with
their company, march 25-tf

C. Thornton, complete in one volume octavo, be-
ing a Compendium of Christian Divinity; specul itive
and practical, founded on Scripture and Reason, de-
signed to aid the heads of families; young men about
to enter the Ministry and the youth of both Sexes, in
their efforts to obtain and communicate a knowledge
of true piety. Just received and for sale by
june 17 F. TAYLOR.

SALES AT CHICAGO, and also (with the ex-
ception of Toownship 24 N. Range 9 E.) at
Dixon, Illinois, heretofore advertised to be
held in August, 1841.
rp HE Public Sale of lands directed by the Execu-
tive proclamation, issued on the 18th of February,
1841, to be held at the Land Office at Chicago, in the
State of Illinois, commencing on Monday, the ninth
day of August next, is, in consequence of urgent
representations from the settlers of the injury which
will result to them by insisting on the sale at the time
aforesaid, hereby declared to be postponed without
Notice is also given of the indefinite postponement,
for the same cause as tle foregoing, of the entire sale
directed by the proclamation aforesaid, to be held at
the Land Office at Dixon, in the same State, coinm-
mencing on Monday, the sixteenth day of August
next, with the exception of township twenty-four N. of
range nine E., the sale of which township will be held,
commencing on the day heretofore ordered as aforesaid.
The sale at the Land Office at Quincy, in the same
State, of fractional townships two and thiee N., bor-
dering on the Illinois river, of range three east, will
take place as ordered in the proclamation aforesaid,
commencing on Monday, the sixteenth day of August
Given under my hand, at the city of Washington,
this twenty-ninth day of June, anno Domini 1841.
By the President:
july 3 Commis'r of the General Land Office.
scribers have constantly on hand an extensive assort-
ment of Foreign and American Stationery, of the
finest qualities, and they are receiving, by each arrival
from London and Paris, new varieties of the best Sta-
tionery articles of those cities.
They are also engaged in manufacturing almost all
kinds of American Stationery, and particularly of
Of the most durable kind, made from the finest linen
paper, and bound in a manner unequalled in this
country for strength and durability. Books made by
their predecessors upon the plan still followed, have
been in use upwards of sixty years, without giving
way, and any of their superfine books which may be
ordered will be wairanted to stand usage for that length
of time.
Orders from public offices, institutions, and indivi-
duals, will be attended to with promptness, and at fair
No, 30 North 4th St., and No. 108.
Chesnut, St., Philadelphia.
may 28-ly
GEORGE FERREE, Proprietor, has again been
induced, from the encouragement which he received
last season, to open this celebrated and fashionable
watering establishment, for the reception of visitors, on
the 10th of June. The extensive preparations which
have been made, and the selection of the best servants,
together with the facility of reachingthe Springs, will
make them a very desirable summer retreat.
By the morning line of Cars from Washington city
visitors will reach the ;,ri,.' time for dinner; a
daily conveyance can"- t .1 i-.,' the Springs to New-
castle in time to meet the Cape May boats, which af-
ford an opportunity of visiting the Springs going to,
and returning from, the Capes.
Rooms can be engaged by calling on the Proprie-
tors of the Madison House, No. 39 North Second
street, Philadelphia, or at the Sirings.
june 3-2m

FFERS his professional services to the public.
SInstruments of writing carefully prepared; notes
and accounts received for collection, and prompt re-
turns made of all moneys collected.
OFFICE on Louisiana Avenue a few doors above the
Old Theatre. may 7-tf

Winchester, V irginia,
AVING permanently located himself in Win-
chester, will practise his profession in the Supe-
rior and Inferior Courts of Frederick, Clalk, Warren,
Hampshire and Morgan counties.
All business directed to him at Winchester, will be
promptly attended to. L. T. M.
SK, INQGLUIRE-Ask those who know.-Those
only who know by trial or immediate observation,
can form any idea of the effects, of the perfect relief,
of the almost charm-like cures effected in cases of the
Piles, Rheumatism, all Swellings, and all external
Pains, no matter how severe, by the use of Hay's Li-
niment. Find one who has used it that will not laud
it to be above all things ever used, and you will find
-what cannot be found.
For the relief of suffering human beings who may
be afflicted. I beg you to ask-ask of those who
know. Gentlemen know of cases unconquerable by
all other remedies or physicians, though tried for many
years, that have been cured by the use of the genuine
HAY'S LINIMENT. Thousands of persons know
similar cures. We appeal to their sense of justice-
their human feelings.
It is but a duty you owe to your suffering fellow be-
ings to let this great remedy be known. Speak of it
then to all your friends. This will save much pain
where the newspapers are not read, or where readers
are incredulous, because so many worthless articles
are advertised for the same purpose. To buyers we
say, if all who have used it do not say it is beyond all
praise, then do not take it. The proprietor will not
allow this article to be paid for unless it cures, when
all the direction are fully followed. Will any one
suffering refuse now to try it If he does, he ought
to be pitied more for his obstinacy than his suffering.
Mi. Hays would never consent to offer this article,
were he not compelled by his sense of moral-or reli-
gious duty-to do all in his power for the victims of
distress ana misery. For this purpose he would sooner
devote a fortune, than secure a dollar for any worth-
less article.
LOOK OUT.-Some swindlers have counterfeited
this article, and put it up with various devices. Do
not be imposed upon. One thing only will protect
you-it is the name of COMSTOCK & CO. that
name must be always on the wrapper, or you are
cheated. Do not forget it. Take this direction with
you, and test by that, or never buy ; for it is impossible
for any other to be true or genuine.
Sold by COMSTOCK & CO. 2 Fletcher street,
N. York.
Caution" is the Parent of Safety.
An attack of the Piles" may be positively pre-
vented by using (when the premonitory symptoms are
felt) the celebrated HAYS' LINIMENT. There
are more than one hundred people in this city, and in
the United States an immense number, who have suf-
fered beyond endurance by this dreadful complaint,
who keep themselves wholly free from attacks by ap-
plying this Liniment when they feel any symptoms ot
ics approach : of this there is the most perfect proof.
rNone genuine without the name of CoMsTOCK
& Co., written on the Mrappers.
FLORENCE, Ala, Sept. 28th, 1838.
A gentleman of the highest standing in this town,
who hias been dreadfully afflicted with the Blind Piles
for the last 26 years, called upon me and freely con-
fessed to me his situation. After describing the seve-
rity of the complaint, he remarked that he had not been
so well for 20 years past as he was at that moment.
He had used one bottle only of Hay's Liniment. To
use his own words, he said "the whole human family,
who weme thus afflicted, ought to be made acquainted
with this medicine." Signed,

Mrs. MANWARING, of Jamaica, L. I., has
been under the hands of several physicians for a year
past with an unhealable fever sore on her ankle,
and has been part of the time quite unable to walk,
and got no relief till she has now by the use of two bot-
tles of Hays' Liniment, been entirely cured. To this
fact Judge Lamberson, and J. F. Jones, Esq. Editor
of the Long Island Farmer, and many *ther citizens
of that town will testify.
An astonishing fact!-Hays' Liniment has now
been used in some thousand cases, and no failure can
be found. It will cure every and all cases of Piles. No
charge without such result.
All must be "purious without the written signature
of Comstock & Co. Look carefully for this, and the
name of Solomon Hays.
Sold at No. 2 Fletcher street, N. York.
For sale by CHAS. STOTT,
C. H. & C. H. JAMES,
dec 1 Washington City.
LAWS OF ETIQUETTE, in one pocket vol.,
price 50 cents, treating of Introductions, Visiting,
the Drawing Room, Dining out, Society, Conversa-
tion, Dress, Fashion, Letter Writing, Good Breeding,
&c. &c. Just received, for sale by
june 17 F. TAYLOR.

L Periodical Agency," between the American
Hotel and the Rail Road Depot, Pennsylvania ave-
nue, (attended by my son,) or at the residence of the
undersigned, in Georgetown, subscriptions will lie re-
ceived for the most of periodicals and newspapers in
publication. Among which are-
Waldie's Library, for which he is sole agent for the
District of Columbia, $5 00
New York Mirror, (much improved,) 5 00
New World, folio and quarto, (which will be-
gin a new novel in a few days much im-
proved,) 3 00"
Magnolia, published in Savannah, Georgia, 5 00
Mother's Magazine and National Preacher,
each 1 00
Baltimore Saturday Visiter, (weekly,) 2 00
Olive Leaf, (devoted chiefly to temperance,) 2 50
Stockton's Christian World, (monthly) 1 25
Littell's Museum, 6 00
Littell's Select Reviews, 4 00
Alexander's Messenger, (weekly,) 2 00
Lutheran Observer, do 2 00
Scottish Journal, do 3 00
Saturday Courier, do 2 00
Brother Jonathan, $3; New Yorker, 3 00
Boston Notion, $3; Bennett's Herald, 3 00
Graham's Magazine, $3; Knickerbocker, 5 00
Lady's Book, $3; Lady's Companion, 3 00
Besides several Medical and Agricultural works.-
For the Farmer's Cabinet ($1,) and Farmer's Month-
ly Visiter, (75 cts.) the subscriber is sole agent for the
District. Monthly Magazines will be delivered free
of postage, in the District, and mailed to subscribers
in the country. All payments must be in advance.
n Foreign Quarterlies, and republications gene-
rally, will be ordered, if the money ispaid in advance.
june 3-6m
N EW ENGLISH BOOKS-Just received for
sale by F. TAYLOR-
Napier's History of the Peninsular War; complete
in 3 volumes. BrusselI's edition (in English.)
New Annual Army List for 1841, with an Index
by Lieut. Hart, 49th Regiment.
Manners and Customs of the Ancient Egyptians,
two volumes, and a volume of plates, by Sir J. G.
Wilkinson; second series.
The Spectator; new and beautiful edition; London,
1841, with splendidly engraved portraits of the authors,
and biographical notices of them. Complete in 1 vol.
Also, Downing's Landscape, Gardening and Rural
Architecture; Lindley's Horticulture; Chancellor
Kent's Course of Reading, price 37 cent.. jul)3.

NGLISII BOOKS, imported by the Great West-
ern on her last voyage, by F. TAYLOR, this
day opened a large collection, packed in London on
the 22d May, embracing all that is new, and many
others that have obtained a reputation for value on the
subjects of Geology and Mineralogy, Political Econo-
my, History, Naval and Military Science and Service,
illustrated books-fine editions of standard authors,
&c., &c., all of them for sale at prices as low, in every
case, in some cases lower than they can be found else-
where in the U. S. july 3
S TORICAL SOCIETY-New series, vol. 1,
just published, and this day received for sale by F.
TAYLOR, containing Verrazzano's Voyage from
Carolina to Newfoundland, 1554; Lambrechten's
History and Van der Donck's description of New Ne-
therlands; Extracts from the voyages of Devries and
De Laet; Juel's Journal of Hudson's Voyage; Cor-
respondence between New Netherlands and New Ply-
mouth, 1627; Argall's Expedition to Acadia and to
Manhattan Island, 1613; and much other interesting
matter-with a map of New Netherlands and a view
of New Amsterdam (now New York) in 1656.
july 3

Will promptly and faithfully attend to any profes-
sional business entreated to him in Western Illinois,
and the river counties of Missouri and Iowa, above
12Particular attention given to the collection of
Refer to Hon. George Evans, U. S. Senate; Hon.
Elisha H. Allen, House of Representatives. julyl-tf
DEAF AND DUMB-The undersigned re-
spectfully requests the ladies and gentlemen of this
city, and others, to buy the Alphabet for the Deaf and
Dumb, and signs for the figures: price 25 cents for
one card. Apply to P. D. J. ROGER, born deaf and
dumb, at Mr. Win. Morrison's julyl-3t.
&c. this day received, for sale by F. TAYLOR, two
volumes, with many engravings. june 29
I THE MONEYED MAN, a Novel, by Horace
Smith, one of the Authors of the "Rejected Ad-
dresses," just published-and The Life and Literary
Remains of L. E. L., 2 vols., received this day by F.
TAYLOR, and for the use of the Subscribers to
the Waverly Circulating Library. june 24

NIZATION of the United States' By George
Bancroft. Complete in two 12mo volumes.
Just published and this day received, for sale by
may 18 F. TAYLOR.

RS. THOMSON has just taken, and fitted up,
the weli known stand, as a Boarding House, at
the corner of 8th street, and Pennsylvania avenue,
where she will lie pleased to accommodate Members of
Congress, or others, who may honor her with their
custom. june 17

RICULTURE, for sale by F. TAYLOR, list
Ruffin on Calcareous Manures; Mecklenburg on
Useful and Ornamental Planting, 1 vol. London.
The Planters Guide, by Sir H. Steuart, 1 vol.
Busby's Visit to the Principal Vineyards of .Spain
and France, their Methods of Cultivation and of ma-
The Culture of the Vine in France, Italy and Swit-
zerland, and the art ofw"k,; i,,.,rir by S. Fisher.
Marshall's Rural Ec..n..,., .,t' it,. West of Eng-
land, 1 vol. London.
Agricultural state of Great Britain, 1 vol.
Outlines of the Husbandry of East and West
Flanders, 1 vol. London.
Natural History of Vegetables, by B. S. Barton,
Anderson's Agriculture.
Smith's Flora Britannica, 3 vols. London.
The Cultivator's Almanac, 1840 and 1841.
Report of the Secretary of the Treasury to Con-
gress on Cotton, its cultivation, manufacture and fo-
reign trade.
On the Culture of the Beet and on the manufac-
ture of Beet Sugar, 1 vol. 25 cents.
Cobb on the growth of the Mulberry Tree, and the
Culture of Silk; 25 cents.
Child's Botany, ninth edition.
The Flora of the District of Columbia, by Brereton.
Loudon's Cyclopaedia of Gardening; do. do. of
Agriculture; do. do. of Plants ; do. do. of Rural Ar-
chitecture ; do. Suburban Gardener-and many others
of whicm the list will be continued, may 7
octavo, containing the Treaties and Conventions
ofth( United States with Foieign Powers since 1750
--giving also the Judicial decisions on p.ipts connect-
ed with our Foreign Relations-giving also a complete
summary of the Laws of Nations from the woiks of
Urequefort, Vattell, Martens, Ward, Lord Coke,
Chancellor Kent, Judge Story, and others.
A few copies just received and for sale by
may 14 F. TAYLOR.

Secretary of the Treasury-Senate Document-120
pages with Notes and Tables. A few remaining co-
pies fot sale by F. TAYLOR; price 37 cents.
may 4
G EOLOGY AS A SCIENCE, applied to the Re-
clamation of Land from the Sea, the Construc-
tion of Harbors, the Formation of Rail Roads, and the
Discovery of Coal. By John Rooke, I1 vol. London,
1840, just imported by F. TAYFOR, and other valu-
able works on Geology,Mineralogy and other branch-
es of Natural Scienice.may 4
OLOGY, translated from the French of Milne
Edwards, by J. F. Lane, M. D., 1 volume octavo,just
published, 1841, for sale by F. TAYLOR.
and the present state and future prospects of the
country, by Publius, New York, 1840.
Also, additional remarks on the currency of the
United States, by the same author, New York, May,
1841, just received, both in pamphlet form, for sale by
F. TAYLOR-price 37 cents.