The Madisonian


Material Information

The Madisonian
Uniform Title:
Madisonian (Washington, D.C. : 1837 : Semiweekly)
Physical Description:
v. : ; 57-61 cm.
Thomas Allen
Place of Publication:
Washington City D.C.
Creation Date:
December 24, 1840
Publication Date:
semiweekly[may 1843-1845]
semiweekly (triweekly during the sessions of congress)[ former 1837-1843]
normalized irregular


Subjects / Keywords:
Newspapers -- Washington (D.C.)   ( lcsh )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
newspaper   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- District of Columbia -- Washington


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 1, no. 1 (Aug. 16, 1837)-v. 4, no. 1289 (Apr. 29, 1845).
Numbering Peculiarities:
Vol. 2, no. 2, (Aug. 22, 1838)=whole no. 141.
Numbering Peculiarities:
Suspended: Apr. 16-30, 1840.
General Note:
Publisher varies: John B. Jones & Co., Dec. 9, 1841; John B. Jones, 1841-1845; Jesse E. Dow, 1845.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 703818873
System ID:

Related Items

Related Items:
Daily Madisonian (Washington, D.C. : 1841)
Related Items:
Madisonian (Washington, D.C. : 1837 : Weekly)
Succeeded by:
United States journal (Washington, D.C. : 1845 : Semiweekly)

Full Text

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Editor and P-rorieli -t
DONAL"X ** "-.1 0 D,
Atsoctate Editor.
Lswis H. DOBELBOWEa, 31 Catharine street, Phi-
.t. R WELmN, PitlsburTi, Pa.
C W. JA&Ms, Cincinnati, Ohio.
HENRY S. MEF.Sa, 464 Bowerv, New York.
GoseWE V. BBULL, Buffalo, N. York.
JACOB R. H1aw, Auburn, N. York.
SVLVANUS SrF.vicNS, New Haven, C(
E. B FOSTER, Bostan, Mass.
THloo-. H. WILEv, Caliawba, Alabama.
WESTON F. BiRt H, Fayette, Nlissouri.
Joasin Saow, Detroit, Michigan.
FowtLE &C WVoDWaRD, St. Louis, Mn.

TuNIi MNpisota.iN is published Tri-weeklv during
the sittings of Congress, and Stmil-weekly during the
recess, at -S5 per annum. Foir sit itntha, 83
The MNladisoni.'n, weekly, per annum, tf2, d., six
months, S1.
No subscript-.n will be itken tijr a term short oiftix
months; nor unless paid for in adosni'e.
Twelve lines, or lees, three inserti-.ns, .I 00
Each additional insertion, 5
L tsger advertisements at proportionate rates
h liberal discount made lo those who adrrit1e 1vy
UrSubscnbers may remit by mnail, in sills of sol
*ent banks, postage paid, at our rifisk, pro% ided it shall
%ppear by a postmahter's certi'fcate, that ,tich reinit-
Lavive has been duly mailed
A liberal discount will he made to coinpanies :o".r.v'
or more transmitlin their surbscnrptins together.
Postmaslers, and others aulhiorized, acting as our
prints, will be entitled to receieR a ,p of citi'he pair
salirs for every five sulbscrihers, ur al Ilhat rate per
s-nt. on subscriptions generally, the terrims berig lul
Lqttersl and communications intendfled ir the eslatb-
lisasnaent will not b. received unlss tihe postag '.

T it the object ..f lthe Law Librarv I fI'nrihi-lil,
poleasion with the mrost inp.nriant Brriish elemient-
ary treatises upon law, in a tiorm which will render
them lar Iresa e. prnaie than works .of thts ,l]-si'rfpini
have hiiheri-jo been. It is pullishe,-l in monthly nai,-
hers, large oeta'o, of ahsuut *itk'l pi es eacl, upon fine
paper, and with handiomes lye, .Ji tn /a.,/si r, s.ctr
annum, and is sent car-l'ully secure-si, hN mall, t ,lelr
part of the UnieIl Sinate-. It I maki.-, in I a )ar, I'-ur
lare, haindouiiie ucLtsavo ro latn, inf1,' uspwailt ,',f itai
pipes each, and theses luress indlule work, whi4i
would cost, if purchar.-d in the U ual trlli, froni -t.
venty to ..s-iiinty-live dollars p[r year. Fmni fghlt tio
twel',e entire treatises on ,dilerent branchs-i of law,
are annually 'giten, and real caie is ltakcn ihat slI
I hess- IreatLises sh.,l be standard, nil of undoubled
ability. and auth.rlty
The undersigne-d has at all hinisi rcl-rd
the claims uf his ipublicatt.l-n to the suppIort sof th.e pru.
I'ession, upon the compr.-hensiiee e.'elle-ne of the plan
on which it ts conducted, anl the character ar.l in-
trinsic value or Ihe pro.iurti,.ns to whi.,h it lha, gi'fn
circulation. He is unwilling, however, t oinit t..
a'ailad himselft uf the perrnissiin, riont- kin.llni, ,-n. t..
publish Ihe f,.llowin.- eitl ract rom a letter aidlr-i-d L.:,
im by th, Hun. Eseak Cuwen, i1" thei Suprireie Court
of New York -
"I renew my thanks to you Ior this publication I
can hardly doubt that the professtiun uusi luly alrre-
late ils alue, anr.] reciprocate your care in ls cur, u,'l
and diatribuliun, by an aslejuate subscription and
punclual remittances. It is in trulh, whalt it prol'esse
to be, a 'Law Library It has already become a manu.
al in almost all the inure useful branrhefa ..I i.r,,rs-
astonal business I ant quite sure ir will, if propfirly
patrnizeil, stand without a ri'al i tIhe exteni ,aril
cheapnrss with which ii will diffuse thliat kind f)t" in
struction most a,)ughl bv tbhL Anmerican bar. It k(repA
thliemn upwith Westminster fall in those ildeparlisntn
of legal learning wherein i is Lheir ansuition and duly
to excel "
Suhjoined are a flew tlestimionials, from many, which
the publisher has received from distinguished sources
From Judge SFegeanil.-" The plan of the Lara
Library is such as to recomnirndl it 1i tlie support of
Ihe profose-in generally in the Uniled Stases It s
calculated to enlarge the science of iurisprui.-nrce, anJ
to elevate the character of the procession.'"
PromIm i,,' .l John '7i ,1-) L.Fnor, or I'sVt'.v ii -
The ref'erenrees in my diest hsa.e ben numerous to
the excellent ireatises I ublhld in ithe Law LibrarN ,
'r the extensive citeulation which that perivdiwil me-
rits, and has doubtless attained, has matie these al-
thnrili's, ir ia presnmeI generally secesspaiile ihrotih-
our the United States "
"I an, surprised ih.i any member of the legal profres-
si hin shulI withhold his subscnrtpii.n to yuuri asd-tii-
table Law LiLsrarv "
From Kent. -The Law Lil-.rry is a
work mnosl al'antageous t., the pr-,fesion, an.J I hops-
an'] tru't thai you will find encv-uragenicnt t.,. per-.-
s-re in it "
Poim i the Hln Eilr Lew,. --"Y.'ur puls1icatt.jn it
cheap, anil sfuinmense value i.. the proft.'ion '
F erom thi Hon J .hn 1 t ..i'.fon, l/- re St_' s n.r or.r 'oi .'
e/l,,w.are -" You are entitled lt the tharnks of i.ery
Mienmber ofourr profesion fr ilth, '-Law Library.' Il is
an excelicnt thing f -r ut "
I'roni, t t.'ie .'ir,,nriol (:.- e-" Mr. Jtih, S Li.'l
has adopted the oniy plan L,, whi,'h aluablet w,rk-
can he brought wiihin the Ieach of the uas,, .1l ihr
pirofssiion, and %e speak with osnli.len.'e of hIs uri.J.r-
taking ais eniirnFnllv meriLing paririrai.. anil Su.1.'srt
The assiduityl ansi exairriens- oi.h" -'lit(.r ..fth.- L'aw
Liwrsry, andi thek hi raciLer ifil.'lhi irnliu'-i.n- io whiih
II has gi'en eirrulation, do nmt neeii ouT tes ilinrny
PFnm i'ic H,'n R Bdi-li -' -1i'the numner,,us Irer.
tles the Law Library liha pla-i]I within our rlacl,. it
a cheap rate, there aie fiew, f' any h'Virh I would nt.t
have pr,,cuied a en at thr great priee ,.,f iitipirie.l Law
From Judge La.u-atn-"Your in'ilual'le puil.hica.
tion should grace the sl.ies ,.F 'sry''s li.
brary "
Suliscripii.i ns fr tle- Law Ltlirary iissa c..-iiirnih'e
with July or wilh l,.t,,hber, IlIU, or w;ih January,
IIH 1. eriss-[.ayincr, Ior,-ne v-rin ai l .a r.', 9, II
Law RBook-eller arsIl iui.hslser.
der.2c 22.if No -23 Minr t Philadelphia.
N B. Ttt- nt'trI or Till. BIMK OF THEi UNI-
T7l~ STA.TI5 U'iLI. BE tiErCIrts'En [N pYMENT.t FOR
NEW 9U~H.-ir RIP'TI,)N __
'/ SCH' tOL.-Ir, truclion will Ise gli'sn in thie
umtmton and la.i.' .r Enflih lirnsrc-es, tlu. 1i1 Maith.'-
nalitrs, Latin, Gree-k, 'lrnch, Draws n..,, B...,k Krp-
ing &c. Mu'-h ailt'usi..m. wIll bsp gusern t,' .Ilthuor..
phy, Reasihng, Wriltim, and Dt,'lainr,-

It is the design of all engaged in I,- ,,hinf's in this
Sehoolto liav1 it s.-,'oisl to none in ih,- Siie The
building Is new and fitted up in the most approved
Arrow and -ssluitsl,- apptitr.utt has been procured
for the '.".ih.ol, amriong which are Steam Engines, a
,'iranlet,. si.l ,".f L',:rt o M.sgnrltic-, Globes, Orrery,
lllis p, S&c
N patmti will lti spared to interest the pupils in
w hat siill tsr us eful to th e-iii in ails.r hl'.
T he Pririipil s.-IIs ,, hi. 's hl..le ti e., ii h,. S.:i h,,,,i ,
as hl liae ns..dh arransiielis tI- ilhi liOs srlht r iu,
Ihe ufi'/ih hli.ar2 ul'llof|te sil'nirs .iilih B,,ard-
ing drpatriseit Ft ali,,si spshl's ais.,ut snn halfofhis
tliie with ihe isupdl., prlvai,.l to -i'r- them instruc-
lion anJi explanatiirs in l-,at t~ihi dJ i].tl f'lly under-
sland at the liinc il' trciliioaon
Thb Prins.ilal rs ceir'ss Irst hi. I nsil' a limited
ntitnltor I pupla, '' itt, will it'- iirlsr his instant su-
Ier,. siin, ansi s-ser's pr,,pcr us-ansa till be used to
niake thesisi ehtcrl'ul 'arIl liiapv
7Vrns> are fr,,m a ii s, ttitW per quirtet, including

i,.,an tu tion, li[ghls, luel, w..shing, &e.
Reftienc- nr a' b, rialteI to Prof C Pis i,, I1,,
G; Robins. lun .Jou Trulsill, th-' MN .I)-. Drap, r-.
&c of Hartiford, Ci faptl W 1 Swifil it Sr.rit.,
fiels, Mast ; Lu-i Hi ii B, 11, U S Na'iv l.v L
Griggi and L Cosshs, Norrh HIven ai.,l Is tiIt.
People s-f Merihen eenerall\.
)'HN'D POST, I-'ii.:,il
MNrslian, Ct N..., 2lat I. lQ-0. no *'s 1if
general insit. i,. all thr.- ppiular exe presion, tand
striking pasage.' in the work. of Shaksp.'.,re fr.,in a
Itl, wsl-,r' o ii l'i y .t .r ru lir ne.s, 'h iTt ma- Dolrlvy,
Lrinon, tlie whsit dosSin, li Irintrodure tih, lecaulil ,
of" Shike'-',re inito lthe I1rnnlirar ir leltcOursC -o'si ct
LondoIn editi-ion 3tb pagesfsen anid ixp,en,'i -.tli rlin'
A I;'w cupies jst imported,, I"y F TAYLOR, i.r
sale at the Lonsdon price. ______ ___ 1 2
.m the authoress o"f Mothers and Diu.glhter, 2
Lives ,flthe m.,-t eianent Frern.h writerr, I'y Nr
Shelby, two voiluimes Ju-i rei'ivd, I;,r s;.l. I.'v F
TAYL-iR, or for circulation, w.ilh all otlh. r srw
books, ainong the 5uiscrdiers lu ithe Wavrl', IinculI-
ting Library.



RUA D being now open Ihriughout its whole
telnt, ihe Pre-sideLnt an,] D ire-tors havel r,-ul'ed -
Tli.,t on S ri.1iDi's, ths. 2f, heii tint.l, amd daily
thereafir, at 6 o'elt-k, A. M a Train ,af ('_r', will
lea'c ih. (.'omaiin's Depn, at Annaprli', and] reach
the junIIi.-iri l T Rail f. ,,l n. ilh the Bailtiii,.r, and
\\ashngts.n Rail Ro.-,I in time i.. e.innecet willhi ih
Tr,,n ns 'l- e W ashii,.-t,n l"-r B.itiimor,- at hs-
3lC I huur
The tcturniog Train "ill I e ti-the Corspan.ny'.
Depul, al thi juncturie sl th Iwh .. rin.Is, iii ui-dint-.w
alierthe arrial at that plahcr f ihe- Tra in shlih
Itavesi Bal iiore lIr VW.irahiii,,n at 9 A. MNI
At 3 ,.' P NM ian.ithr Trim nill Ir- e ithe
Depot ail Annapei..-, ind r.icli tlhe Dep.,t al th li juntr
aion5 in tilme t- connecr w-ith ihl. .- in, Train fIs'roni
B.illtsoIr,i and Wa.-.hingt.,i ant. sill rtlurn t.o Ania-
p.-la i mn it.1m hiat ly .sl c ,-tr siriin pa.i- c n: cri W i ih
tlho- Train-.
Thi Coumtptny's L.tomolr'. care in char,, ..Cf skll-
fill andi pex ,rienced E,sirine> i IIts (.'sr ar r c,,Initio- ani 's'sll Iuilt. 'rer p,..,s' i e .s is wtie.,n sull lbe
pis, to the rihsiiil rti of p s-,s risers All po10 ljlr- car
%xill bIe lt krn l.-v 're C'uIip.ii. to n-' iure h iht sft. 1irit - and d -lhvcr' of bti^yas.i
The ratts tir Transportation of Passengers are as
Iblloss -
For the v.h.,',i ,i-tani e letsws:en it,, (ilit, of Anna-
polis anri B.lunirn -.- . . - '2 00
For their wh-.le distant lit-'vs -n ihe ltie_- of
Annapslia and Washinisun, .- - 2 50
For niy shortlcer ditan,'e, at the rate ol fix and a quar-
ter 'centsi- prer tinle.
'1,1 h;F.T. [ay Lie ci, lainc.i at l iothe> 'cts oi'thpBal-
inn.'.re anil (niO o Rail [toad C.:.sulaan itn Baltluiirs
and lVashingtonr, 'ich 'sdl i ertial, l il,- I, ,.lh.-rs to
tira el t'ree il all .,,l-.'r uhar.I-i lirt.uitrhout ilt n Ine i.s An-,i htic lihr:ClvIT.. of i0i6
I'onmpan,- in Annplis, tr ,.Ilerlsr lay' tain tickets
hii sIl ln, riak themrri to Iravi-l Ire of all other
chiare to Br rrliii .r Vr ,~hiirl.n Iv3 .,r;ls-r
S)OMEh'VILj1 PINL'KNLY, Prc-itdcn
,le2 9.ts-'s2,n -.:"

N EW ROOKS Pt'M LO INIDi N .- --.,iarts!
si.t~ 'st Er.t'ili I, arne this ida ...,len. J by F.
I'A \Y LO R iirre-i lfr.,m Lo-ot n,,ip,, l..,r1,bI i h i -1r1,
:rniriitig siany valuable works, most ofwhich are
crrstr, lv rn-' r the subjects of Poltical Economy,
Fsi,.sr,o. Na'sal and Military Science, Agriculture,
';, En,,ne, rin. (, is-;l and military) together
s'il, -rie .si, lih-: .-.jrk. in hisi-.ry, too numerous for
ihe lmiii- of .n advertisement. feb2

E1:' -'T U R- ON GEOLOGY---Translated from
tli.' G-iran of Von Leonhard, by Rev. T. G.
M..rrt-, and Professor F. Hall, A. M. Three num-
bes now 1.pu.Ii.hed ; the third number this day rcceiv-
td.. i;,r ai l t.. F. TAYLOR; price 37 cents per num-
her, witl, ni.,ni, engravings, feb 2

r i'ss-hd Iy F. TAYLOR, direct from London.
[l ui ut' si MInaiia Authorities, (on subjects of
(t.uiti sM.irl il; Macauley on Field Fortificationsand
o.thr-r military subjects, 1 vol. with atlas of plates; Ob-
sert ati...r .n CCourts Martial and Courts of Inquiry,
I'y a F-i d _ftlioer; Naval History of Great Britain,
by I_'apalri Br.-nton, Royal Navy, 2 octavo vols. with
niin portrt's, plans and engravings; A British Ar-
ies, d u it'sas -4, and ought to be, by Lieut. Col. Jas.
i' ipti.-ll, il,,-trated by examples and observations
r,,m ti he isar in the Peninsula, in India, in the United
Statats Canimlalthe Boundary Line, the N..%, Steam
waf:,i ,c r I vol. London, December, Itli, Papers
on Iron and Sicel, Practical and Experimental, by Da-
'id NlMuilttl, I vol. octavo, London, 1840; Military
Ma, is ..f Napoleon; the King's Orders and Regula-
ti.i,- i'..r the Army, 1840; Crewze on Ship Building,
an.i the Theors anil tPratie of Naval Architecture,
I .|1a1..l s-sl. %s ith many i-n.ravings; Charnock's Ma-
ru.e ArceI,.t.ilure, 3 volk ,Tuarto; British Army and
N.,'y List lfr Nosenr-thhranl December, 1840; British
Nauical Alin.nac fur l- I4, Constitution and Prac-
itice ifL'C.jurts Martial, by Captain T. F. Simmons,
ryal Arnilervy Pr.-.jtiiun .iandi Isometrical Dray litr,
LIs N", I sol. L-rdt.n, 1840- James's MNlls.try
Dieoti...riar ilI- Natial Morr, by Lieut. C. Claiton,
Rt'al Na'sy. t rol ; Lasut Col Humfrey on the Mo-
dutri, Svteii ..,f Furiti.n'et,..,n, Marshall on Soldiers;
irliith o nSn Seaiano.ll, Falconer's Marine Diction-
are, I 'ol. quarto; Artillerists Manual, by Captain
Griffths. Royal Artllleiy, London, DWI, Mfiluary
,',srvoy :,, Sk, tin. mi l.- Field, Mru.i, ry Rcoin-
noi-arnc,-&c bv' M:I,t.r Basil Jackson; Naval Service
and N.'val 'lticter's Manual, 2 vols. by CaptainGlass-
>,'k, Ro'.al Navy; Simmons on Heavy Ordnance;
Sminiii-ns'B Di.ilussionorn the Army; Cavalry Sword
Ei, rcis i Brlitish;) Professional Papers of the Royal
Engimeo-, r.',1 3; R,.i-Ln-,..nCsunn.- r ; Hints to As-
pir sril.t for thi Arriv Milit.rv CIardil BooksofLog-
arithit Tra'irse anlls e & in.I many others(too
nuisr..u.s f...r ltie limits of an advertisement) on the
iait, Class- ..-iinbjects.
A ,isill in voicee of French Military Works daily
exp. e,.-l fr,-., Paris.
-. B...okT, Periodicals, and Stationery, Mathemati-
cal Iri-i-ir.iii-, &c. imported to order from Eii..- alnd
anid Fran,-r'e I. '

5 0_ u ndersigned residing at Logansport, In-
iiir, on ithe23d of November last, mailed and di-
r-. ts i.. N, i York, a Treasury Note for five hun-
.hcd lI,,IH dited 23d February, 1838, No. 1121,
lvablil ., ithr, -,rder of J. P. Andrews; T. L. Smith,
higi-lter William B. Randolph, acting Treasurer,
1i-.laip. '. i1ll io the order of D. Kurtz,t deputy agent
ifl In.lhfin t, ,,rlin.-ni, by T. P. Andrews, re-issued
'.i-i 'i, 9I- i tv 1 Ka irtz, deputy agent, made paya-
Li UI., Ginr: Samuel Milroy, sub agent, or order,
antI.% l., hiii.i sile payable to Spofford, Tileston & Co.
i .r.rfr N..- 16, 1840, interest commencing from
ii1t .is, I,,-iring interest at5 per cent. The above
TPr e-sit'. N.,t, has not reached its place ofdestination,
arnl i- iif]i....l Io) have been stolen from the Western
mail. in ..r.c rii th late robberies on the Cumberland
roil ItI ,. i.ymrnt has been stopped at the Treasury
Department. Information in relation to it will be
thankfully received, and may be directed either to Se-
nator Smith, of Indiana, at Washington, or to the
undersigned, who will pay all reasonable demands for
its recovery.
feb 4-1m POLLARD & WILSON.

virtue of a deed of trust, recorded in liber W. B.,
No. 60, folios 216, 217, 218, 219, of the land records
for Washington county, in the District i'ClAiuinbia,
and for the purposes mentioned in the .-IIl ilsd, I
shall on Saturday the 6th day of February next, pro-
ceed to sell, at public auction, to the highest bidder,
for cash, one full undivided third part of lots nun-
bsered 1,2, 7, 8, 9, 12, and 13, in square 219, as laid
down and distinguished on the plan of the city of

Tih- ':s!ut.le -.r,,-.-ilt I- in ihe neighborhood of
St .olhn .s 'burd5, i.., P -i.i, hi- House, and the
E\cs-utis- offices. A plat of it is left with the Auc-
tioneers. The title is believed to be unquestionable,
but such only will be conveyed to the purchaser or
purchasers as is vested in the Trustee.
Sale to be made at 4 o'clock, at the auction rooms of
E. Dyer & Co. Terms at sale.
jan 9-ts Auctioneers.

5. The above sale is postponed to Saturday the
6th of March next, same hour and plaee.
Terms of sale Cash.
P. R. FENDALL, Trustee.
feb G-lawts&dts Auctioneers.

bers are prepared to receive and execute orders for
genuine south side Madeira Wine, under the brand of
as'sr-_ttir,,i A. Co. From the connexion of this house
s',th H-, asv VasTCH, Esq. till lately and for many
ae.srsEntlish Consul General atMadeira, asd sule re-
irs.-i.nsis-i'.--.,ifthe old and substantial tirin olf Scr.ii
Ptingle, Veitch &Co.,perfemnt r.-ii i,.- n't-y he placed
on :,11 'i .1- rsi, ii,.. ,,;ilis-.ll eaxi.uil-. T ic late cartn
1."- Jutit.r, fr.i MNisdrtia, ,.--*n.-ijtin ..,f356 pipes, hogs--
heads and quarter casks ot '.s ,n11, uh whole being im-
ported for orders, isreferred to as a sarraile of the qua-
lities and p iee rr.,ui I h i house.

Lmtl'arnl trecl. Bahlntorr.
jan 9-tf Was.hingttn.
-'Li.,PE.DIA, sh,.i.-F-.r- 'ale Iy F TAYLOR
(A fee. ,,f.i, ,inlvy gp.Il *-ditions in re,tm binding at
i d-llar p. r 'oluat u-iu.,l price per r'Itin-" 'iwO dol-
lars. jan 21

ji0r tir,'l.

SrII fI" l ui-t i t mu-i i teach h1ie
Flatuing tlilhu in air along,
L.- s,,- k k wvartler,- eOii aid reachh ir
Wilieh I- .-i-r, I,, if Ilin %rrif,
[I>,.%' 1 sli, f s s er-isf ii tl 'e it-lhra ,
lI 'r i-tne i ule, linL trnin -,tr-i,
Ilir .s tl.-nnal niiutes .ascrnaMminr, ru-h -'I hdrninit- ,
i Ir s -i n mri-n, -,hrul nl and hrdll
(_ith r truss.-: di-s a'.snv,
Other s,..n.-s ar, still and sillIr,
S 1i- th this Is lI..-i 1.. iIIhl h' lIrs ,
Til all -unk t-, ie.r,.' r..und. Iher.
N i a. ulio,,.r or *- 'stri,
N..iI a hal I'I I to'uund three
Br. silhl, -. all .illi.n thoi, 'rt hI arI ,
TrIli me liu il,.,t t il- .I t ,-'err
"Vi h l- .'..,',-.s lo slh-, the sl.ringn
Fri.J tire -Is.,rls l -ec- aO'- t-'s r,
W hen I y %-..i,:e l;.rj' ,- 1i i i g 'ng
I- thl re iny },.ut iv,,,Jlinirl h -ii'r ,
Any hloim, r slua .i a's r,,s.s, '
Iis. h Iti ur IiIjSt. sightgt iii" U 'ra,
Hath it measure, cliff or creed '
IT,- ve critics who instruct ye,
(.hrek'iitg eachspontaneous strain,
Pedant parrots who conduct ye
When ye wander, back a;n
Sislinm in my dreams I see thee,
Nalutre, in her loving will,
Dl n,,ii I- tur thee '.ui I'fr thee -
Pour thy songs of ra[-ritirC s1ill
This beautiful poetry is the prodaucttiii of a sing
Dutchman by the name of Loo-'

When first the lonely May-flower threw
Her canvass to the breeze,
To bear afar her pilgrim crew,
Beyond the dark blue seas,
Proud Freedom to our land had flown,
And chose it for the brave;
TIh,aii usL-meI the nations's corner-stons,
An/i ict it by thewave,
That when the Pilgrims' anchored there,
Their stepping-stone might be
That consecrated rock of prayer,
The bulwark ofihe free.
And there they stood: each pilgrim brow
Was wan with grief and care,
And bent each manly form-but oh!
A tender sight was there-
Fond woman with her sweet sad face,
All trembling pale and chill,
But oh! there was in that lone place
A sight more touching still-
The cheek of childhood pale with fear,
And hushed its voice of glee;
And they are gone ; but we are here,
A bulwark for the free.
Our pilgrim sires are gone, yet still
A nation in its pride
Hath poured o'er every vale and hill,
In a bright unbroken tide;
And still their sons shall flood the land,
While that old rock appears,
Like a pilgrim spirit born to stand
The mighty wreck of years;
And oh! while floats the wind and wave,
That hallowed rock shall be
The threshold of the good and brave,
The bulwark of the free.
Louisville Journal.

TUjrntp--0rth Crongress.

The VICE PRESIDENT submitted a report from
the Secretary of War, containing the accounts ofdis-
bursements among the Indians for the year ending
30th September, 1840.
Also, a report from the S-,-rcci.irr ,f War, transmit-v
n a>iii,.,l1 ,p,'rt, it reference to the construction
. li t e Pi siwhta.,' a .I s-lui t.
A ......ii', i oi n, i.-.i s-l. Iand petions were-then pre-$
Mr. WALKER submitted the following resolu-
tion ; which was considered and agreed to:
Hi. .o'rdJ, That the Committee on Naval Affairs
be hirc-ted to invuire into the expediency of causing
to be built a steam.-frigate under the sole direction of
the American naval constructor, Foster Rhodes.
Mr. W. also submitted the following resolution;
which was agreed to:
Resolved, That the President of the United States
be requested to communicate to the Senate, if not
deemed incompatible with the public interest, the cor-
respondence, if any, between the State Department
and the Representatives of any foreign Government
relative to the negroes taken on board the L'Amistad,
which has occurred since that transmitted with his
message ofthe21st of March, 1840.
Mr. WALL submitted the following resolution;
which was agreed to:
Resolved, That the Secretary of the Navy be direct-
ed to furnish a copy of the reports made on Colt's im-
proved repeating fire-arms in October and December,
1J 840, by a board of navy officers appointed for their
Also, that the Secretary of War be directed to fur-
nish a copy of the report made in July, 1840, by a
board ofarmy officers, on the repeating fire-arms man-
ufactured by Mighill Nutting.
Thebill for the releif of Reynell Coates and Wal-
ter R. Johnson was read a third time and passed.
The bill for the relief of Joseph Paxton was taken
up on its third reading. And after a debate, in which
Messrs. YOUNG, KING, and CALHOUN parti-
cipated, it was read a third time and passed.
The greater part of the day was occupied in discuss-
ing the resolution for surrendering to the State of
Maryland the interest of the United States in the
Chesapeake and Ohio Canal Stock; which was very
zealously and earnestly supported by Mr. Merrick,
and amended on the motion and upon the argument
of Mr Huntin.-_.ur, I\ inserting a proviso requiring
the a's-,ni o t'lsl- cl,-i t -..f the District in reference to
their resipuary interest in the Stock. Thds amended,
the Resolution, in the following form, was ordered to
be engrossed for a third reading by a large majority:
Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives
of the United Slates of America in Congress assem-
bled, That the Secretary of the Treaiarv is hereby
authorized and directed, ifhe shall r.:- i is. .atiissIh1r3
proof within five years that the Chesapeake and Ohio
Canal is completed to the town of Cumberland, and
that the State of Maryland has provided by law or
otherwise that the United States shall at all times here-
after have the right to transport upon the said canal,
through its wt.ole length, all such troops, munitions
of war, and military stores as the public interest and
convenience may require to be transported on the
same free of all charge, and that the rate of tolls shall
forever hereafter be equal throughout the whole length
of the said canal, to transfer to the State of Maryland,
in due form, all the stock in the said Chesapeake and
Ohio Canal subscribed by and standing in the name
of the United States; and also to assign and transfer
all the interest, right, and title of the United States in
and to the avails of the stocks in said canal, standing
in the names and originally subscribed by $the respect-
ive cities of Washington, Georgetown, and Alexan-
dria, and which have been conditionally transferred
by them to the United States, subject to all the riilt
of said cities, and each of them, contained in, ail-i s-.
cured by, an act entitled "An act for the relief of the
several corporate cities of the District of Columbia,"
approved May 20,1836.
Provided, however, That the assent of each of said
cities to such transfer shall first be given, in due and
legal form, under the corporate seal of the said cities
respectively, to a certificate thereof, to be delivered to
the Secretary of the Treasury, the consent of the cities
il, ..s iid b. in- eonly required for the transfer of their
s-sucsk rr's-K ctli's ri; and the want of the consentof any
one l.f'aiid ,.;t;-s-h.dlI not defeat or delay the operation
of this rt-,,luts.n It.r all other purposes.
And provided, also, That the said State of Mary-
land shall provide for the payment of the corporate
funds and revenues of said Company, or otherwise,
cf ll the ,,ul-tan.ling- .-imluti and legal liabilities of said

Chiu'sapeake ansd .lt,. C.. ral Company.
The resolution has yet to pass its -"iii reading.

FRIDAY, Feb. 5,1841.
In ('uOw'tinimtttis;,.
At7 o'clock the debate terminated.

Graham, Granger, Graves, Greene, Hiv-. l-I.ny,
H-lli Jamris W' C J..,hnson Kenipsall,Kmn. ,Lan..,
MclClararty Nr M.Na.on, Mlonr-.e, M..r. i., e M.'r-.
n4, N ylj.,r. Nii-k., t-04bornr, P,-ck, P-.)p Pril t ,
Rarilen, Ra,,nsr S,)lh..i-talt, Simunlut, ,Truman
Smilh. S ir'. V W hyJv Thlip'son, J B Thiiri,,i,-'n,
T.-iAsrd, Truul.tull n.lersdntd, Warren J N% lue,
C. V. Wilhai.ns--i'.
The bill was then read Ihe tlliri tniu, .tr.l th- tuce-
tion was on its final passage.

And the ,uessl.i-n va put un striking out the enact-
Ing ielatuse ol th.- bill.
TIllers were salls--d lur and granted Thus, report-
ed lfr m inkin ,,soul a;5 it l, i-
Mr. WISE tih.-n oilered the sl sisin, amenda.-nl,
bring th l saime which hi, Laie ol -' sviI? il\)..
," ...
P-v.rid/.d, That in n-s. ihis- Tr,'asiurs nules, ul
tI.ins lirni sinl unrcl....,si..,, i-.uh- und, r I;..rm r l,,'s.a
uf l-'onrigres--, a eI ilil 1o aIhr uLurtto fu i l iush rno'c iu-i .,1
under titu al, .s,nd ] l tii.lly s.[hp filed h ..r is.-u,.d I.-
ii-eil payn ri-.nt. .iue snd pay i.lI.- tiif.rc I.l I'll l M art I
lt,xi shall, on tle 4[h i l" Marl h nPat i ext -l' life sumti
-.I" is'- islliona ,if dollrs, then ihe I',. .idert ..I' the-
Uni(dil -lta b,. anI he si r.-l.\, e. ritit, u is .
.ue Lty srru- i.I thl psroais.,rs Of iItl ii t1 uh I'tur.
is er ani,,iirIl ,.1 i1,' aC l sr-i. %, _.s n | L .% IL t hik. I %A h..,i
s.smunl i- u nt. u- r Ju ;n ,0i ant l n .-pli-.I.0-l.' I. i'IV-
isrnts I'alihn' .lus Iu tfi.:r thi :I.j M r.:i nteal, thire sll
unM ..I liit e s m lli.,ns of d,.llai,.
T 'Ie 1i0liio n .r ins th larlrnic i iin iii '.i, lak-n I'v
i, ll(r- aund carril-I in It -i ntff.inii%,'- ., ill,
nto s s's.2
M r. .IENIFER pr,:.p.-. Il i., t-. n,.i tih. h.ll i ILI
itrik s: out a.ll .,f.-r the i n .s lmo-n. \..rl.-. aini ir.- rl
:,. Iolhw ['That tlhe PitI.,-i r, Ihe Ih,--tiited t S.tte.
is authorized to raise by loan such sum or sums as the
i. giencis ,.1- the Gu,,ernment may require, but not to
,'e...d ten msllionr dollarsa, at an interest not more
'han ci\ per cfntuiiti per annum, to be reimbursed at
ar,' tim,- l'irIr i icli', monthss, whenever the condition
.-f IilIC Tr.'.isrs st, ill permit.
Th c i i A Il It MA N ruled this amendment out of
order, because it proposed to strike out a pnition of the
bill which had been voted in by >-. ri..nnutiit, [Mr.
'W i-, efnit rii mit,1 1
Mr _'LIRTIS ilicin offered th followingg section
' as .i ill Illr.'lirls- nt
.ItI/ , ., (.,..h, That whenever proof shall be ex-
hibited to the satisfaction of the Secretary of the Trea-
sury of the loss or destruction of any Treasury note
issued under the authority of any act of Congress, it
shall be lawful for the said Secretary, upon receiving
bond, with sufficient security to indemnify the United
States against any other claim on account of the T-ea-
sury note alleged to be so lost or destroyed, to pay the
amount due on such note to the person who had lost
it, or in whose possession it had been destroyed.
The amendment was read, the question was taken
by tellers, and it was rejected--Ayes 78, noes 82.
Mr. GREEN offered the following amendment, be-
ing the same of which notice was given by Mr. Stanly
some days ago, (Mr. Stanly being absent to-day from
Strike out all after the enacting words, and insert:
That, from and after the day of--- on the
importation of articles hereafter mentioned, there shall
be levied, collected, and paid, the following duties, that
is to say:
On all manufactures ef silk, or of which silk shall
be a component part, coming from beyond the Cape of
Good Hope, twenty per cent. ad valorem.
On all manufactures of silk, or of which silk shall
be a component part, coming from this side of the
Cape of Good Hope, ten per cent. ad valorem.
On all wines, except the wines of France, twenty
per cent. ad valorem.
On all wines of France, as soon as the treaty with
France will allow, a duty of twenty per cent. ad va-
On all bleached and unbleached linens, table linen,
linen napkins, and linen cambrics, twenty per cent.
ad valorem; the foregoing duties being in accordance
with the terms and the spirit of the act of March se-
cond, eighteen hundred and thirty-three.
Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That all laws
inconsistent with this act are hereby repealed.
Mr. WISE submitted that this amendment was not
in order.
Mr. GREEN then withdrew the amendment.
Mr. MARK A. COOPER offered the following
as an amendment:
Provided, That it shall not be lawful for any offi-
cer of the Government to tender or propose to pay any
Treasury note or notes thus authorized to be issued
to any person having demands against the Govern-
ment, or to pay the same, unless asked for or desired
by the creditor.
It was read and rejected.
The committee, then, at half past seven o'clock,
rose and reported the bill, with Mr. WisE's amend-
The amendment was then read, and the question
vwa- I .1i I i ,---.'1 t. r-. uii w -I
Mi i-lAV ES .sim-I.l .in adjournment; but, be-
fore the question was put, at the request of several
members, he withdrew it.
Mr. JAMESON then moved the previous ques-
tion; which was seconded.,
Mr. CRABB called for the reading of the bill. It
'.'as rea-I
And the question was then taken on concurring
with the Committee of the Whole in the amendment
moved by Mr. WisE, and decided in the affirmative,
as follows:
YEAS-Messrs. Alford, J. W. Allen, Atherton,
Banks, Baker, Beatty, Beirne, Black, Blackwell,
Bond, Boyd, Brackenridge, Brewster, Briggs, Burke,
S.H. Butler, William 0. Butler, John Campbell,
Carroll, Casey, Chapman, Clifford, Coles, Wmin. B.
Cooper, Davee, John Davis, Doan, Doig, Duncan,
Earl, Eastman, Ely, Fine, Fisher, Fornance, Gal-
braith, Garland, Gentry, Gerry, Griffin, Hand, J.
Hastings, Hawes, Hawkins, Hillen, Holmes, Hook,
Hubbaid, Jackson, Jameson, Charles Johnson, Jo-
seph Johnson, Ciae Jolin-on, J. W. Jones, Keim,
Kemble, Kills, L:isdlritier, Leet, Leonard, Lewis,
Lowell, Lucas, McClellan, McClure, McCulloch, M.
Mallory, F. Mallory, Marchand, Miller, Montanya,
M..s.iim.?ry V.. W. Morris, Morrow, Naylor, New-
,:r.i, Pari.,t run,:r, Pickens, Prentiss, Reynolds, Rhett,
Ridgway, Rives,Edward Rogers, Ja..-.- Ro,.rr ,-.i
uels, Sergeant, Shaw, Shepard, A. Siii-,, .1 S.iirli,
Thus. Smith, Starkweather, Steenrod, Strong, Stuart,
Sumter Swearingen, Sweeny, Taliaferro, Taylor,
P. F. homas, Jacob Thompson, Triplett, Under-
wood, P J. Wagner Watterson, Weller, J. W. Wil-
liams, Henry WVilliams, Wise-Ill.
NAYS-Messrs. Adams, Andrews, Barnard,
Boaidman, Brockway, Aaron V. Brown, Carr, Chinn.
Chittenden, Clark, Connor, Jas. Cooper, Mark A.
Cooper, Crabb,Cranston, Crockett, Curtis, C. Davis,
Dawson, Deberry, Dennis, Doe, Dromgoole, Edwards,
Evans, Everett, Fillmore, Gates, Giddings, Goggin,
Goode, Graham, Granger, Graves, Green, Haber-
sham, Hall, Henry, Hill, of N. C., Halt, Hunt,
James, Jenifer, Kempshall, King, Lane, Lincoln, Mc-
Carty, Marvin, Mason, Medill,,-, Moore, Mor-
gan, Calvary Morris, Nisbet, Osborne, Paynter, Peck,
Pope, Proffit, Randall, Rariden, Rayner, Reed, Sal-
tonstall, Simonton, Truman Smith, Waddy Thomp-
son, J. B. Thompson, Toland, Trumbull, Turney,
Warren, E. D. White, John White, Thomas W.
Williams, L. Williams, C. H. Williams-79.
The question then arose on the engrossment and
thud reading of the bill. It was taken by yeas and
nays, and decided in the affirmative, as follows:
YEAS-Messrs. Adams, Alford, J. W. Allen,
Atherton, Banks, Beatty, Beirne, Black, Blackwell,
Boyd, Brewster, A. V. Brown, A. G. Brown, Burke,
S. H. Butler, W. 0. Butler, J. Cam bell, Carr, Ca-
sey, Clifford, Coles, Connor, M. A. Cooper, W. R.
Cooper, Crary, Davee, J. Davis, Doan, Doig, Dun-
can, Earl, Eastman, Ely, Evans, Fine, Fisher, For-
nance, G! ,ittaithi, Gadr ,ini-, Gentry, Gerry, Griffin,
Hall, HitI. J. Hatiimn.-, Hawkins, Hill, of N. C.,
Hillen, Holnn s, Hulilard tIunt, Jackson, Jameson,
Jenifer, (_'harl:k Johnsson, J Johnson, Cave Johnson,
J. W. J--.tns, Keisis, K. mlrh.h Kille, Leadbetter, Leet,
Leonard, Lewis, Lincoln, Lowell, Lucas, McClellan,
McClure, McCulloch, M. Mallory, F. Mallory, Mar-
chand, Medill, Miller, Montanya, Montgomery, S.
W. Morris, Morrow, Newhard, Parmenter, Paynter,
Pickens, Prentiss, Randall, Reed, Reynolds, Rhett,
Ridgway, Rives, E. Rogers, J. Rogers, Samuels, Ser-
geant, Shaw, Slade, A. Smiiiith, J. Smith, Thomas
Smith, Starkweather, Steenrod, Strong, Sumter,
Swearingen, Sweeny, Taliaferro, Taylor, P. F.
Thomas, J. Thompson Triplet, Turn-v, Vroom,
P. J. Wagner, Watter-,,n, d,' Vellern E t). WVhiitr,
J. W. Williams, Thoms \Vs-. \V'llian,.., H Witliamn
Lewis Williams, J. L. WYilham s, \V i'e--t12:,
NAYS-Messrs. Andrew's. Bake-r, R..nral,1, Bs-ll.
Boardman, Bond, Brackenr'dg,-. Brsga Bro. kway,
Calhoun, W. B. Campbell, Chirin, ClI trk, J Cooper,
Crabb, Cranston, Crockett, t_'suis, G. Da'.. Ilae-
son, Deberry, Dennis, Dor, UI-rirti-,..,hc, Fdis-ala
Everett, Fillmore, Gates, t_;iJ idns.,, Gt, iin, Goode,

ap||:,i pri sihll fi ul'l) 1su I four hundred dihouai nd dol-
I.,r, hashI i.i-.-sJ, siis ot f I' his ivou Idd ,roliallI, I-e soun
.'aLlesid lr. Nligst he rn.,t h.,ecexpeclt-d ihis h. Dio he
noit k.jow thal iu-h a Ill IVL would pIw early in the sca-
Sion Ii has Ieti.ii the crnslant pi.rai-e for many
year. pis- The corre-p-.ndmng bill last yt-r arpropn-
teil I ti651lttll ; and it" Ihii lha, in amr d.-,rt., en-
d'-e I a resort I o Treasury. n,.lte. nec.--'sry, the Scre-
l.ary should ha' foreseersi it, and rtcorLritinrdedI il in
his annual rrepoit Then, he says, thr appropriation

Thi, que.-tiun wal put under the operation oft he
,rernuus I j quelon, ariJ t ps,,I in [l.p allinuatire
%ah[I'UI a dlSIt
AnI, r,i o'1lorS.. P M ti lhiusec aidjuurned.


ir MI]NE,
IN TrHr Hji .ur IriPREr.NTiTl :r.,.In. IS, Il.

The IImtus l.,_"i n CiUiii trtee_ 1n i the Whole, in
thir i. I ,.i" il. IJiil.,n upo[.n lie hill niakling ,roi-,iiioii
;..,r tht. iur ,,-* live midih,.ns, of Trrrajiry notc6-
Mr EV.ANS 'ai,i hei. lhinisch'all,.I upsn, as a
me,-nil.,r ,.,f ih, .-,irinuii ,-: fr.dni >h itich ihe- ill unhl.r
,...n.flds raillr. *nlan ei, to1 ilmim ail a Is obs.-er' iton.
iupon ii- lta.ii. 1 I' di- "Tre.surv, presrdnt and prosper-
III as v.w, I a. up.,n ,_-.t 1.1 th.- T.I, C... iii-e ctol
withII ih,r rui'enue and \pntrdiilurec (i ihe Govern-
ri-ii nliih hi-nd It .I-n di-.:ii sJ and rc,.inmeridedl lo
i ,*,,n.-]deratl,.rl. in th, rs i:il rpl ri o l'lthe Sccrrel--
ry .iiI.l i.i ii. inliij.l- r.. l.allun Wi l hi ithe rnicasiire no.
proposed. The h,.,lie ul.j(ct, in all us Ibenarin,., i-
one of very gravy niil.,,,tar.:e and Io wwhih the a tllen
tio n o f C ..,n. ,r s 4 t i 1nh.-l h .u Lrl lr i.-o fc arrie lv he
directed. Th.,- ill w, a- r a now c..nsiderrirg au'tho-
rizes the issue of Trcai r,, not nots El c\..]tiii. II,
amount of five .niiil..n ,.I dJollsA li is ,rJd up..,n
the _-r.-und* ,r -rt-, jnr,.l i ia.nn nc. s-Iu) --
Grtstr itixrn., ihin til e iarlmen is nle m ..wses,
of af..---.A.luitelv yitfrst,. il.h t,. 1iet Ih.- current rx-
penses of the Gu',inii.-rit arid Is sli-oirc
II.jns de ,vintr ]...l I i|,ar' 1.1'- .1 se -1 -,, bfilh
is' Il,,.- rih. r ii d ail ] his] ,roi Dr.,Ile clih:rnian lof' ihc
Ways and Means. ifili,, ari.un t rni piui.uiid t,, lie
granted is notJ .... j rlliInt.h-d, the'ei,. great Jan-
ger that the pusnhii ,'r.-.l. h ill le , d, and the-
public faith viola...lI [l..,t .r Ihi h liaiiilihiing e.n-
dition of our fiscal iffairs may hai., b-een oci:j.inrned,
the line of'our dutn, it 1.)-mes ta i, is plain trd ob-
vious. It is, to ftirrii-ni. e nec n..-arv uppli-s, rid to
turnish them seoo-..,.',-. The r;.i...i aumiliaits v
pending is that just in,.iidei l-v Itih hr,.'rnatilc r.icnhbr New York, I Mit. Barri [,li to strike ul ithIe
enacting clause f ii Ill, ill, in ualir lie sr ls t.. defeat
it altogether, wit'i a i, k i.., otain the r...juirrd nieari-
--first,by loan, an-I uliijimil btv an ncrae .i rt-onue,
to be derived from -,r .-sAiu-ni oI'duile, u[,t,' cIt JilI
articles now admiiil tine [ regrt iliat, under pre-
sent cireumstancie- I csinnot concur .ith ithe h...ntr-
able ti,-mbr in' thc r\ldienc3 of this propl.siion;
not, ilhweir, becatii-e I .. not deeiiu ii, generally, i h.
most eligible mod L.1 sfppIintirl. icscienrii.s-undiublt.-
edly it is so; but ns-rely tiecau-e ir does rnot eim i o
me to meet the p-rs1:ni r..-,n.:. I ,n. fiar froi ap-
proving this constant riturrence to theP use of Treasu-
ry notes. For many ra-or,., unufstoiaorablv, a iLan
is preferable; and r.-erinue- uflii,,eni loit all the pur-
poses of Governtrii, ders',d irum the ordinary
sources of revenue I.y ju'l Itcislation, t1 belier than
either. But we hiia,,- r...alterniatie .iTrd to u The
pressure upon the Trs-a.urv il actually fxiting, and
as been for monthly, arnd I har thai" means cannot
be obtained in the mode indicated by the honorable
member from New York, early enough to guard the
Treasury from the insolvency hanging over it.
[Mr. BARNARD said he Lh..uiht his proposition was
not correctly understood. He proposed to bh.rrowv mo-
ney for present n.-ers.;tii,,. either upon the issue of
scrip, or upon bond; and he was confident the credit
of the United States was such, that almost any
amount could be immediately obtained upon bond.]
Mr. EVANs. Undoubtedly, so far as public credit 13
concerned, there will be no difficulty in l.-iaining byv
loan whatever may be wanted. But can it be oir.ain-
ed seasonably 1 How are public loans contra,-,-l e
If upon bond, as suggested,-it strikes me, that 'aries
very little from Treasury notes. The ordinary ,mode
is, to issue proposals, and in this way to invite cOtjie
tition, and thus to obtain more favorable terms. irr
this purpose, time is necessary. It cannot be done in
an hour or a day. Is it designedto vest Ohe Secretary
of the Treasury with power to issue bonds, whichh he
may negotiate in the market upon such terms as hi
may see fit, or as the pressure of circumstances may
compel him to accede to I trust not. I cannot Ilt
think, therefore, -hal ithl midr. pr.oj..s:.-d in the bill un-
der consideration is the most prompt and certain, and,
ther.:r.fore. ;n li.- prtse'nt ex;g,, ireltrable. It can
ber the cri-, require inre l,, dii.-. Besiles, we must take
this ..r nOtiltig Tl'l,,. i, tih lfa.,iir-ue financial cepe-
dient to those now in power, and .'" the miajoritv of'
Congress. What hope is dicre ihat they 'ill aban-
don it ? In this matter we ha.' no alierrnatie. WVe
are driven to this extremity either to ,grant the reliel'f in
the only mode the Adminsitration desire it or to permit
the public faith to be broken, and the nati-.nal cr ilt
For myself, sir, I prefer to grant the relief, nolwith-
standing the objectionable form in which it is pro-
posed; and I am the more reconciled to it, frcnmth
consideration that it is the test time-unless, indeed,
the Secretary finds it necessary to call for another is-
sue before the close of the session, to carry himr sa'ely
through the residue .,flj- rrtiinir e quarter, wlrii.h i
not very improbable-the last time we shall be i.rceed
into such a position. Hereafter, I trust, CorrsI
will be allowed some freedom of action, and be permit-
ted io exercise some discretion of its own, as tI. it
best mode of guarding against deficiencies in the re', ,-
nue, and of supplying them when they occur-a Ifree-
dom and discretion which has not been vouchsa,.d I,.
Congress for many years. What has been our eipe
rience during the whole of this period of perpetually
recurring deficiencies' Has Congress been advis-.i
seasonably of the critical condition to which the Trea
sury has been so frequently reduced Never. Thi-
Executive communications, at the commencement ol
the sessions, have almost invariably represents our
fiscal affairs as prosperous and successful. What.'-r
of apprehension has been expressed, has always bie n
in such vague and indefinite terms, so obscurely sha-
dowed forth, as to attract little notice, and exc:it- no
action on the part of Congress. Deficiencies htse
never been acknowledged or anticipated in the olstIil
documents. The Treasury has experienced no hiIli-
culties but such as grow out of fluctuations" tempo.-
rary in their character, and inconsiderable in am, rt i.
Such is the general character ol Eeciut,, iei.irmu.-i-
cations at the commencement of thii. s-.-.nts f.lf Con-
gress. But soon the scene is cl.ung.-d Tihe Tr,.a-
sury is in distress. The public credit is in danger
Immediate relief only can save it from insol'encv
And how are these calls made'? To whom i. t1Is
information communicated'? To the House-to Con-
gress'? No; but pJri, tlv -inr letters to the com.,it-
tees who have charge of all matters pertaining luto the
finances of the nation. Then follows the bill Ire
cisely as the Executive recommends; and it t,.
hurried through just in the shape it is reported, be
cause there is not time to devise any more effi-ctsal
mode of relief. This has been our experience in pat -
years. We are ilw as,, upr-n ihe brink of the precii,-
before we are -Ia,,hon'-ht.J ,,r the dai'^.r. Cun.'i.:-"
has been kept in ignorance of the itr? c.,rnji,-.n ol'lhi
finances, always assured of the great success whrh
has attended the various. rxaprimeni. which isase b, en
tried, and lured on by n--uranc. of lIr,,lltrsnin? pro--
pects. It is so now. The Sirirtlar3 lpri.,'cr, t.. the
last. The country, he tells us, is prosperous; ih-
finances prosperous; the Pirospects it,-st ".c'hering; the
revenues of the year will exceed the etpendir.". fite
millions of dollars; all the outstanding claims upon t hi
Treasury can be met; all the notes heretofore issi, I
redeemed; the public credit preserved; the operati.,n.
f t..'trn.r ns-lr i -u...y,-'s.i ulIl conducted, with a balaic.-
st rnea.r sillissn ofl'illaIs! irn the Treasury at the end
olf thi year' 'i'h< i.- th exhibition which goes to thic
,ilhli.. Ths is ii, ,li,,:unisnt which we publish ren,.
fr-.ri -lis.r ih- c.,urmix ti' thousands and tens ofthou-
sands; and to which the People look for irn'sinatr,,rin
as to the true condition of their affairs. The ilate ,f
this official exposition is the 7th of December last .
but it does notcontain the inii.rmation on which tie
present bill is founded. That was transmitted to t he
committee on the 21st of December, only fourteen
days afterwards. Now, -ir, I dl n-t dvubtl th.- pies-
sure; but why was it not Ilariseen -n the 7ihl .4 De-
cember'? WVtiy s' il not ritnimunstsJ to t11 in the
annual report ..,f thl- S. retary Vhliat ocrurred ie-
tween the 7th and the "In st olf ec-,iil'er, hilich eauld
ni ha's. lIts n, arid ,.ithl ti.,l to lianse se,-r, nrsltcil.-
-J, to r. nd.-r thbs i-.-UO 1,1" not. u es-iessmrv The Se-
crr-i.r has biiis lfi',nfisrnesl us In IhP tirar pla.-e, tin

To this is to be adde-d ihe balance on
hand at the commencement ol the
year -
And now the p-ver tin issue Treasury
notes under the act of Mach 31, 18-40


I 55~0,~I6


Forming an aggregate of available means
lr Ihe first quarter uf this year, by
the Secreltaiy's own eo.nipulation, of S5,433,473
The Secretary has undoubtedly estimated the re-
ceipts of the quarter quite as luw as they will be found
lO Ibe. The customs he esvimaeia after sdeduslitg all
i/airlja.-ka, whether including fishing bounties or not,
I eannoti say, although it teems they ar generally re-
taine-. out of the accruing revenue. The receipts
from lands he put at about half only of the average
receipts of the year, as esalimaled by him.ell, and of
the average uf ihe actual receipts of the last year.-
WIhy the receipts of this quarter should be expected
to fUll so far below the ordinary average receipts of the
two years together is nuohie explained. I think it
wuuil be sulle safe to ad., sh. ut i lt'll}(SH}0 to rhe easli-
mated receipts fromrn tli. tsourre. But el tihe estimate
d as it has been givento us, at *5,433,473. What
,:.the esitiat(d expenditures of the quarter I They
"re stated as ifallows:
For ordinary expenses, pensions, session of Concres,
&s-. .. 4,5 ,000
Fur dlebl of the Districtl of Columbia, 80,)000
For fishing bounie-, 300,000
For expenses of the census, 550,000

Forming an aggregate of 95,430,000
which, it nmust be asmsld presses very hard upou tha
tis-ana of ihe quarter. But it seems to me, lhat, on
this side of the account, the Secretary hts been some-
what too liberal in Iis etimatleas. He has given us no
item-s which go to make uq- the aggregale sI f iour mil-
lions and a hall' 6-r ordinary expenditures. Does it
emblace the drawbacks which he has spoken of
repeahidly a; a charge upon Ihe first quarter uf the
)ear, anf whish are alreMaly provided for, L-y deduct-
ing thicmi from the ainaount of incoming revenue'l
rh.- fishing lounlies are included in the aggregate
l exupenditures aor thrquarter, although I should in-
lt from the p nature which the Secretary says pre-
vails, that ihey are also usually retained out of the
aecruing r-minue, and, if" so, are provided for in thbe
-am.- way. Besides. the Secretary, in his annual re-
isrt, lo which lie rs-lrs, embraces among the charges
falling upon the firsal quarter of the year, the espensea
incurred y lVthe session of Congress, and "private
bills. What amount is likely to fall upon the Trea-
sur from pritat,- bills," itI is no:t easy to foresee.-
From present appearances, nothing whatever; andi
the S.cretary. though he wlis hisa own quarter to be
amply ypruidcd to iiieet "private bills," does not eisti-
,isl'e a minee dollar as likely to I'all upon the whole
sear from thai quarter. But private bills do not ne-
te,-sarril fall upor, the .fit. quarter. Many of them,
and, indled, all a here any great amo-unt is involved,
rctUui-u, ihe assi'tunlts ulon 'hiclt they are founded lto
be auslitel, ollften taking monrthi, and sometimes years,
to t nih. The charre lait year for private
claims wa-s absut fournten th-usa.nd dollars, and 1 aee
no dips., to Tincrtase it gIeally, ihe present Now,
sr, making nome allowances, whictia stem to rue called
tsr, on both sidle i l" Ithe account, although it would
sillI present a case requiring sAome relief, yci il does
n.., axhibil i condition of 'ao much peril, and exciting
so mnu,'h alars, as the Secretary evidently perceives
and fe-tls lHe says, on the 7th of January, "I do not
sie ho'w it is possible to [jreser'elho public laith," &c ;
any fussr-r tl/'a!, will place the Department irt daily
jipiardi," &c.; arid he entreats "ithe spesttil actOion
,t.-. .'ie I doubt not he has just grounds for en-
tertainlng these aji'rehen-toina I have no question the
,timarids isp-n the TreasurV are very heavy. Calls
i]r |.iatent tsre- undoubledl'y riaide for services ren-
dI-rel last year, and not then paid fur, boih from a
want of intan anl.] from a desire to keep down the
apparent expenditures of ith.t reari
bThe- A.Iniiniblration bLsast uf its economy and of
reduct'-ri of explensr.-, and it is 'ry deiruiahle, no
doubt, that the ethibuis of t'he Department shoulil fur-
rnishi soine grounds upon which it may' be maintaled..
No quesrion there ate large calls fur "postioned appro-
prmalions, where the work has been already perfrnimed
and tht, matenalis 'uinilshed, and vhich ought to have
been paid lor and charged to theexpenditures of 1840.
Large areearages are falling due, and creditors who
h.ove Lbeen kepi fl' are heeoming impurlunate. All
this I can will undirsiand, and 1 am desirous oh af-
If.rding the Secielary sufficient means to pIreseve the
public, and io pay the puihc debts in my judg-
tmena die amount proposed by this bill is far short of
what will be rquircdil for hise purposes during the
current year. If" genllemen aie disposed to supply
adesluate taeans for the hole year, I trust they) will
enlarge the amnuni propoesdl to be issued, or provide
In ortie- other msde flor a deficiew'y which must hap-
pen. I am aware that the Secretary of the Treasury
andi the honorable chairman of the Ways and Means,
adupting his ,ews- arid repeating his e,.timlatea, enit r-
tuin a different opinion. rhey tell us, as they told us
last %s ar The revrnurs of tbe whole Ve.isi will be
rqual to all the extendltures of 11, this is' onily an an-
li's.a/tian fl' Ihers-.ources of the inllter pasti of' it, when
the rte--is. will be gri, alrs, fr tha service of the for-
mer porltl it, wihetri Ithe tlb4bursenslets are heaviest.
There is no eficiency of' means WVe desire only a
sal'egufiaLid aain;tl flu/u,itins. All this we hayv. heard
before. It is ithe old argument ; and one would sup-
pose that the hnsrable gentlemen who use it would
Lie litle distrustl'ul f their own judgment, when they
recollect how vi.ulely they have been mi-tiken btirisfoe
in iheir iredictli.1ns upon this subject. Lit year, the
hons-rable chairman, supported by two other of my

of 6150,000 for the paynteot of nasy pensions i* a
charge new In its eharacler, and not anticipteld.
Granimmg this to Ie so. it is of eornmparattiely small
amount; by no means large enough to justify a call
for additional means to the extent rnuw desired.
Then, again, the duties to be refunded on refined
sugar exported, about 1F75,tO)i; this, also, ought to
havebeen anticipated. Drawbacks of thi description
are payable and paid every year, and censtitule a part
of the ordinary expenditures ofthe year; und, al-
though I ,h, not say that Ihe Secretary ought to have
Irerseen this particular instance, yet, with Ihe expe-
rience oft Ihe past before him, he s.iugtl tn have taken
itito his estimates tire prohbabloe liabilities of the Trea-
stir) :.r claims ofI thischaracler Bug, at all events,
this is quite small; not sutfficent, one would suppose,
loembarrass a tlouribhing anId well-admnismtered Trea-
sury soeseriously as it seems to hase done. Besides
itiese, are "some recent deciciuns of Ithe courts that
appear to require the rel'unding of more duties from
l,- Treasury to a cutnsiderable amount." What the
Secictary mrens b) a "ai .'nsdeirble amount," I will
not undenrtake to define. I apprehend it s not very
large, or the amount would have been stated. By the
I'ller commiinunicated with lthe Secretary'sa -plieation,
it appears lhat the decision referred to relate to "so-
da-ash,'" "gunny clotlh," anId worsted-plush," all of
it Ich, it seem. are entitled io he imported free of du-
ly. What arnmc.unt or revenue hais been hitherto lie-
rised fr-ol fii hese SLicUrtce, I hae.- no means of know-
ir,'- ; but I rutane il is verv inconsiderable. These,
llthen, are tlhe chargs-a tihruwn upon the Treasury be-
-ween lthe th an. Lhe *tst of December, amounting
t.nly to aboul *;6iu,t0Xt, there moost of which ought to
has- Iseen anticipated and provi-eil fur, relied upon if
justify the call for the issue of liae millions of resour-
ces i, Ihe Treasur-, Now, -ir, can that bea success-
ful or prespertsua a'rdirinlsraion -f asu- vast a machine
a' tIhe Treasury of this nation, which can be thrown
inti i'sorder and derangement Luy so comparalisely in-
signiticani a call uposn it, eten il" wrhully uerprcld,
a6 a little ,err half a million of dollars-notl a fiflielh
,art ,of the c\penditurtsi ofl the year, and requiring
ineais1 to ,late is-n lies greater than Ithe assigned
eatse. s ihen-pls 7 N.., ?ir, Ihese are but pcelirt.
They are :eszcd upon because they happen to have
,ecurred sub-,luer-r io thedsateof the annual report,
and are all vhuichi live occurred since Why were
nut ti1 ro.s 1 sir.-- nl ift i rn4,sbrr.--ist,-r uf-ttie
l'tcasiury rommunicaied in that report and why was
not Congres- rquesteld to pro.i.t l-sr the deficiency ?
For the already given. That is a document
-,r the People, general circulation, prepared ac-
ecordingly with a jusl adlmixture of sellcongratula-
tu.n and a glowing account of the asucce's of the Trea-
sury, nolwuhstandlng many embarrasaatents and tri-
als. Surely that was not a place to expose deficienries.
Such an eCxposition would riot have been in good
ke-ping with the valedidtory pvaneg'yric which the Se-
creairy seems to think the occasion required
Now, sir, although, as I have already remarked,
there i. unqiiuesionably a very great pressure upon
the Trea-urv alt thins nitomerit, requiring prompt relief,
I ai s,-.rtsltiined to saa that the exhibitions itf the Se-
Lr:-taryn upon this subteet are fsr front being satisfac-
tor, True ex.lan.tlions which he offers do not show
such a pressing exigency as is represented to elist,
an.] as undoubtedly doei'sexist, How does it appear
Iv h Insi own showing He has made no coommunica-
tion lirc-ctly to iheHouse, nor e'en to the committee;
but the hunoratbl chairman of the Committlee of
Ways and Means has private communication, which
lie has used, -hoving the emrbarrassments of Ithe Do-
parinient. l is n-i an official document, the accuracy
of which we have-any umode of testing now or berealf-
t.-r. But wh..i is it ? First, as Io'tbe means of the
Treasury during thef irsal quarter o f the year. The
Secretary represents them to be as follows
Heriptel Irim customtis, deducting draw-
backs 32,000,0U0
Receipit from lands 450,0011
Miscellaneous sources, and banks, &c. 60,000

honorablel associates on the curirtutee, (Messrs.
Alherton and Vandeiporl,) gave us the strongest as-
surances that the issue Ihen contempIlated could all be
easily redeemed witnhmin that vyeast. Well, air, theNy
are nearly all outstanding still, and, so far ft'rom be-
ingable to redeem them, wearecalled upon lor a fresh
supply, to be redeenied within thi. Near-eertamnly to
be redeemed out of the abundait incoming rev-nu-as.
I ventured Lu difl'er with the Secretary anrid the lihon'..r-
able members to whum I have relenrted at th il time,
and endeavored to demonLstrale not only thil the re-
venues of the year would be inadequate to meet tile
expenditures of it, but to predict that, helm're the cluse
uf that session, another call would t'ce made tor about
five millions more. Accordingly, in July, aiolhhrr
call was made for four millions and a half. Theevent
happened precisely as was anticipated. Conlr,s,
however, Ihought it had gone fiar enuugh, and did rnot
accede to the Secretary's request, I'ul, in lheu u'Ji, r.
sorled to the cspedihent of posuiponing a portion oL ithe
appropriations to tle present year This t pEdient,
together wilh tirhe payment byv" ithe laIte Bank oL th'
United States of its last bond, a ountiing tI to iil-
lions and a half, enal-led the Treasury to weather tle
storms which threatened it; williout, howe-ver, tire ir-
dempiion of the notes issued under tie act of '31-'t
March last, which had been so conlidenily pr-mol-ed,
amounting, al tlhe Close of tle year, to. near llVe rld-
lions And, what is further to Ibe remarked, alsoo' if
the Secretary's estimates of I he receipts rf lasi year had
been lenified by the results, i l there had been no Iallnmn
off in the customs and sales of lands, he c.uld not then
hate redermed tie ouLtstainding notce-s In his annual
report to the la.t sea..luit, he esinaiLmad ihe rrecsipli tt
Ihe year 1840, from cuslonis, lands, and iiisccllane..ii-,
at 5i19,t.It,1al1). Jt nou appear that ihe% amnuntlrd
to .17,197,763, railing shbt of hiM .cltimtatls.jr .r .-
400,}01). Now, iflhtia lai urn hadL been rtce.,aJ, and'
his expectations thus f'ulil ed, it is erilent hI,- eould.
not have releemed tie uuteitanding inlesit, en silth
the aid of all the unexpended urris ,n the TreasuTy
at the close of thIe ar TheI iii,sncv iw,.ild .til
have-been t-ver two millions Wih lis rcrci-,nt txpre.
rience fresh before us, what degree ofconfidence can
we be expeciled to iepi,se in tle assurances now given
of the ability of ihe Tredasury in redeinem tie proposed
issue vlathin ihe current yeai I regard it as utterly
out of Ihe qumslion, nit.l ntlV lo o rl itl lh-te, i'u
impossible, without other minen's, to rler.nt, iie, nimc
millions now outstanhirng. whictih il fill due at no
distant day, arnd this I 'dill proceed to demonstrate.
At the last session 1 endea'-ored to shov, anrd b,-ltt
did concluoivel-' how, that the r'xicn.liur,- r cil' the
Go'errnmentl lor ilhe three preceding 3cars ha'l exceed-
ed its accruin, revenue, upon an atcrage, about eight
million, annually; and juit at tlhe close oftho session
I attempted tol demrn-ir,,tle that tie expenditures of
lasl year would eicer.l thle irncorme I'y nearly the same
amount What has ibcen the ri-ulh '

The receipts into ihIe TiTeasury t'oni the
accruing revenues, lands, misceltlane-
ous, and all thelorainn.rv sources, iesti-
rasing tur tie lhuurlh quarler,l were
And the espendiures, Ito urdiniary cur-
rent eLrpcne-a, wtre



Showing a deficit of S-.91|5tii
The estimates of the fourth quarter, embraced in the
general aggregate of expenditures, are five millions;
bui the Secretary -ai, that the other Departments
place the amount higher The 1prob.,bilii y thatthe
"others" will come nearer the niari, and Lih ,i the. defi-
cil wI tlius be increased. Now, sir, as well as I can
judge, aboul a uilion a half of appropriations of last
year, and whit-li would oridinarily have been expended
then, have been postpuneil tl ihis If the operations
of Government, theiptire, had been conducted in the
usual mude, the deficit would have fallen little, if any,
short of esven million of dllra It was supplied min
this way:
The effectual balance on hand January 1,1840, was
S2,216,7119 In the annual report of the Secreta-
ry, December 3, lri3'J, he estimtndtd the 1'altr-iet which
would be on hand 31st Dtcembtr at f I ,l.'5t.r4, but
it now aprtari to hate been about $690,000 more.
Why he should hate been a. fir mistaken so near the
close of thie year i not exi laine-, and perhaps is of no
consequence :
'To the actual balance on hand S2,246.14
Add receipts from Bank of the United
States and other depsite banks 3,300,000
Excess of Tieaasurv notes esuej over -
those redeemed 1,675,488
Amounting to -S7,22,11
Deduct balance on hand now t aii

0. $5,631,382
By this computation, which probably is the best
mode of stating the aco-uni of the year, il appears
that, for Lti roramlinary curretnt expmn.c^t (-IslO, exclu-
sive of Ihe redemption of Treasury notes, over five
milli-,ns and a hall;, besides all Lhe "ac.-ruing revenue
of the year, w-re requisite; and thifi after the post.
ponement of so large an amount of appro'priations
hai been already stattl In any 'ien Lof Ihe .ubile'
the result is the siawe. With Ithesf,,tier'ibt-
facts before us, what reas-n is there to espec'l that the
receipls of this year will not only be adequate to meet
all the expendtturess of mt, but will so far exceed them
as to enable the Department ii pay near five millions
of outstaning notes Vea the Secretary expects
that, while iCn each of the laaLt four %ears the receipts
have fallen short f Ihe expense. six, seven and eight
millions, the tables are n,.w to be turned. Thereceipts
are to take Ihe lead, and to adtnrce beyond theexpen-
diutes, nearly as rninurh as for Ifur successive years
they have alien behind. This aill certainly, le ave-
rv great change in -ur rinancil alOairN, and a very de-
sirable one Let us see, iouseer, whether it beprac-
licable, and hoi il cran lie i trected In the first place,
as regards the erpendimtrc': .of lir6
The Secretary estimates them, "for ordi-
nary purposes,' t $19,250,000
We hate already seen that they amount-
ed last year to - --- 22,489,349

Showing a proposed reduction of fi3,239,349
The firEl question arising hlice is, ut.on that class
or classesoi espendiutres is ihrri-. .lg remru.ktion to fall '
'Whieie are tihe iteaiv t% hich mrke up IhJ- SLiMn total
Ifit required neir twenlty-two nmillhoin and a half last
year, and uter twien' vlour iiidhons and a half for the
Receding year, to carry on thle a. rdinmri, .p. nations of
.aerniment, what ,ground is there four suppo-uing that
the same services can be perfrnimed thins ear lir nirin-
leen millions and a quarter 7 I am not rin:tI klokingat
all at tihe apptrupmir,nan made, or p.roro,.d, for the
last or the r.resernt year, but at tie raiinunt actually
trpended. I am aware Ihe plir,..triaiiron-. which have
been requested are ,nad,.e I) urresp.iid i tiloseesti-
m.ilrsoli expenditure Bit I wi lh to know what la-
ai.lh eSpendnures rAwere- tiadse i in -4li vlwhh may be
di-pensed wtmh in 1'-ll \\'hlateTr.,o.i-,nc,5 isto be
reformneid WVe all know atliat, ioting to lh.- enmbarrass-
ed 4iaLeof the Treasury lai Vtyear. otith the a propria-
lions and the expiendilu'res avere kept dut n lothe low-
est pf.-s-ile amount Where ictr here ,I" any greater
reduction for the present year'l The Secretary an-
swers in he-se words:
"It is believed that lie ordinary expenses of 1841
ought to t fall orne, niillhons ielo., th-se ofi 1840, as the
pensions hatE diminished by drath5. lewier Indians
remain t..' be remou cdl, erveral exp, neie public build.
Ings have been niorlv linishd-, arid hiol, ilc.tin.s ali
the Serninols nimust bN nearer o, a cl-,se "
These are the hta.las of expenditure in %.1lihi hthe
riducton of ov three llllllll lr a ,|unll-, 9i. I,-
posed t,. be imaile, and I will etxa.miine th'min in tI.. or-
der they are name,]
1Ist. As to the peniisns The Secretary has refer-
red, several ltmpe, in his reports, to the great relief
v hch the Treasury is to experience from the deaths
of the' oal s..ldier- 'r f the Reluli.', anr,.] ili.eir aged
and irmpoverisheid ailiows. lie E.-eirs,,almnost impa-
tient, hecauPe they are sr) Ion-r a char.,- upon the
country But let ihat pa-s i-fj.,r nuhd,)rs he ex-
ct 10o save 1rC.rm Illi source I B3 the rel[rt of the
Comartiassioner of Pensioni, ainl o'f ithe Secretary of
War also, it app-ear that t ihe tolal ainoint drawn
.from the Treasur,, during the past year to pay pen-
sions, tis i.018,t6t," in roundnumlt.e, iw,, millions
It appears, further, from the slatinm rni c.flhe Cfommis-
sioncr, ihai tIhe pFensioners, tXiX.lidive of na-al, are di-
nded into st classes, t Intitalid, under act >f 1818;
under act -a I.i-'., under art f IM32; unrier act of
l?36; under act of 13-i Unjdr the first class there
are 4,-29 pensioners, and ilhe ,Juaths laim yar wer, 48
-n-ol quie one per c,.nt Undtr the ,.r',n.J cli,.:
are 7,94, pensioners .an-i llthe .li.uths ljast ear a' ire 2inTi
-a little oter three Pr L-ernil. Un.l-r I'lie third class
there are 6u5, an.d ,le.ths were l-aL.out three. pr
cent. Under the iourlh class lihe nunibeir is 23.2t7,
and Ihe ileaths were 9714-,miLtthlin.g o,.er four per
cent. Under the fill ca-s ihr there at_7.Niio and the
deaths were 139-whitch i, lit%, p,r :rent. Under the
sixlh cla.s the number i, 5.5Ht;, an.d the deatlsi vwirt
171-a little ,vir three per cnti.
Now, sir, ink-icing souie all..ance fr death, the
knowledge .-f which had not couae to the Department,
as the Comni.,loner sugg.sls ima the ca.e, and s,,ine.
thing Ibr the advancing age efihe renmaiins.- pension-
Prs, from which it is probhible lhat Ihe p.i cJentage of
ildeaths will in'resI hloum ye,-,r t..- year, I s6up.[oe that
tie number oflleathA in I1I iwill .eit-p.r .-Ai. a.".
whule number in all tle rclasseA., and thlin, i a lar.rr
lir.portion, I thinly, than has et-r taLken place in ,r.n
Iwo years IogeiLher sine llip perisliun laws ha,-v hi-ell
in operation th- sating ul-.-n Itlhaat hsi, will I,.jut

S200,480, and no nmoe. But, .n the olher hand, ihel
Commiissiner supposes that there will t'e 1,411.1 added
t,, the sixth cInas ,luring ithe pres-ent ye..r, those appli
crLIonI have alresadJ Iben riade, and ar'- ,trhtr taluia-
nanli.,n, and, itI' o, they will l'e erinTitld to the wh,.,l
live years' pension, payable at on-ce, nich %ill un.i
doubliledly r, quie ',,in ihree to four hurnIred tIus,,rindl

The a lproptialiui bill already re..prlI'l
for t paZl]m(nil of pL)niotrisE, serlu.
siieof Ithc fourth elas., which is pro-
,drd for by tlihe act f" 1 32, aniunit. to Ih> fla rii.ias, i.,'
Tin. ci:ndm,hn ap[Iropriatu:in undi. rlhi- cet
'.I' e32 a 3- lniirda i Ly tlie pSe'rctiry
fir lhis yer,,r i,
The unexpended balance of former ap-
propriations, now on hand, applicable
to the service of this y sr .

Mak'tg, ',r the patientt f 't"'-nri.n-i for

This exceeds the .ani.urt,. ,' .,rin
from the Trm-,'i,,, flor lI.- ytar




a 2,2ii: 55.


The amount thus estimated, and to be appropriated
for the year, is either wanted or it is not. If it is
wanted, it exceeds the amount drawn from the Trea-
sury in 1840, as before stated, and there will be no re-
duction,-but rather an increase from this source. If
it is not wanted, why is it embraced in the estimates,
and why are bills reported to appropriate it It is not
understood, I presume, that the whole amount paid
for pensions last year was but i2 iij '6,3. This was
the sum drawn from the "i' ........" and formed
part of the current expenses...f IM.t' The amount
actually paid was probably somewhat larger, perhaps
200,000 to 131,11.11s The balance was made up of
money drav.'r n iti '., and forming a part of the ex-
penditures of that year, but remaining in the hands
of the various pension agents unexpended. Some-
thing undoubtedly remains in their hands now, which
is to be added te the sums before stated, as applicable
to the service of 1841, but which will form no charge
upon the Treasury of this year, as it is already with-
, %n fr.j,n it.
The s-cond reason, -.] by the Secretary, for
the cX .,ehdil r[.lj. i,:,n in. is, that fewer In-
.t",.- 1 r-i-mr,, r' t'r T-,,1,,i-l N,.t what were the
r,[p- .Jdtiti- 1,- ir r irh,.als I .st ,->iti The Commis-
sioner of Indian Affairs reports: That, during the
preceding year, 5,671 were removed ; 4,500 of them
being of the Wii,,inl.-.c,...-, for which an appropria-
tion of $45,000 ta s ,, i,.,. last year, and which was
probably sufficient. If the remaining 1,171 were re-
moved at the same rate, the whole cost of removals
lastyear wa.- lu V.i 1.0 Iti also appears bytlie same
report, that 21,\ I -iII ',..,.- to beremoved; and al.
thuu., ilre are "fewer" than there were a year ago,
ytt irr -,. [i full enough remainingto allow as many to
be removed in 1841 as were removed in 1840. How
does it appear that such will not be the case 1 But
grant that the whole amount will be saved, and it will
add but $56,710 to the reduction estimated on pen-
The next reason is, "several expensive public
buildings have been mostly finished." .'
Last year, we appropriated for finishing the custom-
house in New York, which will be
saved this year, $118,000
For the Treasury building $105,000
For the Patent Office 100,000
For the Post Office 125,000
Amounting to 330,000
This year the Commissioner
For the Treasury 40,000
For the Patent Office 30,000
For the Post Office 175.000

Less than last year



Which, added to the $118,000 Tor the New York
custom-house, amounts to $203,009, as the total of
reduction on pullh, 1,, unless Congress see
fit to reduce the al.i.r,mi.r m.I.. below the estimates of
the Commissioner.
The last reason relied upon by the Secretary is,
"hostilities with the Seminoles must be nearer to a
close." Well, Isuppose "they must be," if they ever
come to a close, which is somewhat doubtful. Bet
how does that bear upon the expenditures of this
year Is the war to cease now Are no expenses
to be incurred for its prosecution this season 1 Now,
sir, although this Florida war has been the great vor-
tex in which so many millions of money have been
ingiulfed; yet the expenditures of last year on account
of it were exceedingly small-only $300,000 were
appropriated for that object. This was the only ap-
propriation made last session for this service, and if
the whole of it can be saved in the expenditures of this
year, it contributes but a small proportion of the
whole amount expected to be reduced. We are deal-
ing 'eiiih nriulirin: MAere than three millions and a
eu.F,.r 1 ine am.-ui.ti of reductionproposed; and all
tbih iteii- with which we have been furnished amount
it., lu1 a ew hundred thousand, viz:
On pensions, $200,480
For removal of Indians 56,710
On public buildings, 203,000
Seminole hostilities, 300,000

Total, $760,190
Assuming this statement to be correct, which it is
not, and that this whole reduction could be made, it
is nearly counterbalanced by one single item of a
new charge upon the year 1841, for which no corres-
ponding expenditure was made in 1940. I mean the
payments for the census-a service rendered in 1840,
and for which appropriations were made that year,
but have not been expended-not drawn from the
Treasury. The charge thus imposed upon 1841
viill be about i';-'iliiii l, of which "l',, .ii'ii.l are
wanted for the first quarter; the balance will fall
upon tie residue of the year. This single item, new
in its character, and chargeable solely upon this year,
very nearly meets all the reductions which can be
made from the sources indicated by the Secretary.
But this is not all. There are other and heavier
expenses to fall upon the Treasury in 1841, of which
the Secretary takes no notice, although it is scarcely
possible he was not advised of them. The honorable
chairman of the Ways and Means is equally silent
upon the subject, though well known to him also. So
far from the6i .iin.g any reduction this year, because
"hostilities miit, i Seminoles must be nearer to a
close," there is now a proposition before the Commit-
tee of Ways and Means for an appropriation of near
two millions and a half of dollars, submitted by the
Secretary of War on the 17th December last, ten days
only after the estimates for the year were prepared.-
The necessity for this is represented as very urgent.
About half a million of it is wanted to pay for arrear-
ages of 1840, for services already rendered, and which
ought to have been a charge on that year, and not on
1841. Why was it not embraced within the estimates
for this year 1 Was it not known to the Secretary
on the 7th December, the date of his annual report?
Was it kept back by the Secretary of War, and why
so I His report is dated December 5. Now, sir, on
the 13th November preceding, the Paymaster General,
in obedience to the directions of the Secretary of War,
submitted to him an estimate, amounting to $250,690,
for payment of militia mustered into service in 1840.
iir-n Ilie 17th December, the Secretary of War speaks
ol it in these words:
Tihlis pay is now due; and, as the troops stand
mo.d, in need of it, justice to them requires that it
sh. .-I!.l be paid to tha atthe -earliest possible day."
\Again, General Jesup, on the 14th November, sub-
mitted to the Secretary of War, by his directions "an
estimate of the amount which will probably be re-
quired for the service of this 'li '/ ,, ,,' in prosecut-
ing the war in Florida." 'I I, i -ti,,,,te, in, lu.I;rn.,
two hundred thousand dollars for arrears of I li.i x-
penses already incurred, but not paid, amounts to
$1,300,000; of which he requested that $400,000
might be appropriated "as early in the session as possi-
ble," being wanted for immediate use. On the 28th
November, General Jesup, in another report to the
Secretary of War, says that the failure of the Arkan-
sas delegation to effect a satisfactory arrangement
with the Seminholes induces "the belief that a greater
amount will probably bhe required than that for which
I presented an estimate on the 14th inst." Again, I
inquire, why were not these sums, thus approved by
the Secretary of War, and made known to him by the
middle of November, and urgently requested on the
17th December-why were they not embraced within
the estimates submitted on the 7th December I For
the rear.-n brforc sua.jiv,lhl That is a document
widelyH allteej-ilo,. ate riu exposition of the finan-
cial condition of the country-of its income and its
diiburis.mThrni.-.a document which warns us not to
exceed the estimates, arnd ainin.i1ts to show that great
reductions can be er-t..t.eI in ite expenditures of this
year. If these sums had been included in the esti-
mates, all these boasted reductions would have been
scattered to the winds. The fallacy would have been
obvious. But Ihz are chi.,r.r- Eup,- the year, which
I see no way -ioi.lmr r Th e i-nrse has been in-
curd n .l- .] is ,ta ,,,n ,n Executive authori-
ly alone. It n, qiAi ._ n,- .nriotn ir.j,n Congress, and
we halt;, n.i raltern titie btut to1 |t.|1,lV the ii.tans 'in .tI-
ira.u \nj it. I ii.,ae ah,_i-..-% snid that n.- lrv li ll' i
trimil i,is I ir.,d i ... i t r, ih i ea r he .irrea-.a3. d o" I-4it -
h'l.. 1, ilmnm. i. icquin el f'.r i., -ul-. ,-t,.n.i ir.]
nai i.n .. nd till C u iri.' tir,,,,,r tr.,-ne-al i Dcip mil i,1
Oc0- .ais l. [niti'pall., if molt v. hioliy b, reaiuiingi inr
-e ranle. i ,-Olii "i il ien c.dl. 1 iiiih i i and volunteers.

They are already in the service, by Executtve direc-
tion, anil the Set'retary pripoies to retain them during
the %ear, '.r until thei war be closed. The sLitmate Is
in trl Ihrain
For arrearages o militia, service'- of 1840, '21'i,44 02
Fur pav oifGe,,rgia tlunlteies,3 months,
115,-hi, 29,446 08
For the Quartermaster General, as be-
for c stated, i 1,300,000 00
For paV ol 1,500 irnountcd arind 500 foot
volunteers blor thIe ytar t1 1, estimat-
ed by Paymaster General, 489,01096
For pay of one battalion foot volunteers, 77,206 82
For subsistence for militia and volun-
teers and i ,habliunlis.esiia,aed by ihe
Commissar) Crneral uf'.Siiliiairicc, f222,421 87
For Medical Department, by Surgeon
General, 16,000 00
For Ordnance Department, by Colonel
of Ordnance, 30,000 00
$2,385,329 75
To show that these expenses are already partially
incurred, and are now going on, daily, and weekly,
and monthly, I will readfrom the report of the War
D department.
In order to render the regular forces available for
offensive operations, a brigade of Florida militia was
raised for the defence of Middle Florida, and placed un-
der the command of, Brigadier General Leigh Read of
the territorial militia."
"The troops that were in the service of the Terri-
tory in virtue of a law of the Legislature of Florida,
were mustered into that of the United States, ar,d form
part of General Read's brigade, which has been in-
creased to 1,200 mounted, and 500 foot men, and may
be raised to 1,500 mounted, and 500 foot; a force which
is considered ample for the protection of that portion of
the Territory assigned to General Read's command. *
"TL- r.:oul,,r Ilr..o'i. now in Florida amount to about
4,500 ilt 1,n. ant.J .'.-..1' in service to about 2,000. I
recommend that authority be given the Executive to
engage the services of this description of troops for a
twelvemonth, or during the continuance of hostilities
in Florida. The term of three months is much too
short to insure efficiency, and frequent enlistments are
a fruitful source of insubordination as well as of great
additional expense."
General Jesup also says, under date of NL.A ember
There are outstanding claims to a considerable
amount, arising out of the volunteer and militia ser-
vice, which have beer, ,. ':." .1 ., the Executive, and
for the payment of %i' i, uinds are required. Means
are also necessary to carry on the service during the
remainder of the year, (1840,) as well as to provide
for the approaching campaign. The urgency ol an im-
mediate appropriation is therefore obvions."
Now, sir, from these extracts, it is obvious that the
militia and volunteers are already in the service, and
that it is intended to keep them in the service. They
are called out by the Executive for a period of three
months; and, when that expires, they are discharged,
and immediately called out for another term of three
months; and so on, amounting to constant service.
This, probably, the Executive has the power todo, un-
der existing laws; and this, it is manifest, he intends
to do, and the estimates are framed accordingly. The
authority which the Secretary requests is, not to call
out an additional force of 2,000 men, over and above
what are now in the service, for a twelve month, but to
extend the term for which he is now authorized to call
them out, from three to twelve months. If it be grant-
ed, very well; the expenses are not increased by it, be-
cause, if it be not granted, he will exe.cise the power
he now possesses, and take them into service from three
months, as long as, in his judgment, it is necessary.
In either mode the service is rendered, and Congress
must supply the means of payment. It is, therefore,
apparent that the appropriation requested, of near two
and a half millions, is not at all dependent upon whe-
ther Congess grants or withholds the authority to call
the militia and volunteers into service for a term of
twelve months. This expense is going onr, and will
go on, unless the Executive, after 4th March, order
this description of force to be disbanded. It will not
be done before; and, if done then, the expenditures
will probably amount to at least a million of dollars,
which will fall on 1841, but embraced within the esti-
mates of the year. To give a little further insight into
this expenditure, and the mode in which operations in
Florida are conducted, I will read a letter from an offi-
cer of the United States Army, of high rank, now on
duty there, not known to me personally, bufwho, I am
assured by an honorable member of the House, to
whom it is addressed, is a gentleman of high reputation,
and of the strictest honor and veracity. I am not at
liberty to give his name; the reasons for which every
gentleman can readily appreciate. I will read only
the portion of it bearing on this subject. It is dated
"ST. AUGUSTINE, December 31, 1840.
"Before it was known last summer whether the bill
authorizing the President of the United States to ac-
,'tli the services of not exceeding 2,500 volunteers
.,.rdl.I or would hot pass in Congress, a force of 500
mounted and 500 foot militia were authorized by the
Secretary of War to be received into the service of the
United States in Florida. The mounted force was
afterwards doubled, and again in September increased
to 1.200, all to be called Florida militia, and to be
mustered for a term of three months. The mounted
force was all mustered in, and, when the first term ex-
pired, discharged, and re-mustered for a second term
of three months: and this practice is to continue, so
as to perpetuate the force, both mounted and foot, in
service. None of the foot were mustered till recently,
and not till they were assured thie duty to be required
of them would not take them from home. In going
hence to Tallahassee, in October last, I ssw a letter
from a lieutenant colonel of militia in this mounted
force, to a man who was requested to raise a foot com-
pany, in which it was stated, the men of the company
will remain at home, and if any Indians or signs of
them shall be discovered, word will be sent to the near-
est mounted force to go in pursuit. This changed the
disposition in several companies, and induced the mem-
bers to become foot men instead of mounted. Since
my arrival here I have been furnished with the follow-
ing copy (from the original) of a letter from the Brig-
adier General in command of the Florida militia. Its
genuineness cannot be doubted, for the order is in the
handwriting of that officer. It is proper for me to
mention that there is no Florida militia in Middle or
East Florida, except a small company uniformed in
this place and in 'allahassee. None else have had
the least organization since the commencement of the
war; and the companies now in service, and called
Florida militia' by order, are made up of such as are
willing to serve in them-some residents in the coun-
try, many dii. ,.I d soldiers, citizens from Georgia,
and some entire companies from that State.
[Copy of Order.]
Newnansville, Dec. 4, 1840.
"' The troops of the Sedentary Infantry service, of
which Captain Broer's company is an integral portion,
shall riot at any time be ordered on active duty ; nor
will it ever occur, during their term of service, that
they shall be ordered to march a greater distance than
twenty miles beyond the head-quarters of their respect-
ive companies. They will be directed to remain at
their usual places of abode, and expected to engage
sedulously in the pursuit of their usual occupations.
[Signed] "' LEIGH READ,
Brig. Gen. Florida Brig.
"' Captain BROEa, Mandarin.'
This 'sedentary' service for whimh they are paid,
subsisted, clad, and doctarel, i- su.'._'-..rI, arI, I am
credibly informed, by the ., i r, a,',., %i' War tu Gene-
ral Read. His letters of October last will no doubt
show it."
We have here some account of the mode of conduct-
ing affairs in Florida: "a sedentary infantry," direct"
ed to remain at their usual places of abode, and ex-
pected to engage sedulously in the pur~nit of their
usual occupations." The value and the economy of
this description of force may be in some degree appre-
ciated by the description which General Jesup gives
of the laborious duty devolving on his department.
Among others, he instances the examination of ac-
counts purporting to have been certified by volunteer
and militia officers, for the service of boats, wagons,
and other means of transportation, and for supplies of
foiage, fuel, building materials, camp equipage, &c.,
purporting' to have been purchased, which accounts

are Ibuad, upon investigation, to be entirefabrications,
both in cer ificeates and affidavits, or to have been cer-
tified by the officers under the mistaken idea that this
was the proper means of obtaining, through the amounts
so charged, payment for supplies which they believed
should have been furnished in kind to their men."
The result of this is, that, so far flom anticipating
any diminution of expenditures on account of the Flo-
rida war, an excess qf expenditures in 1841 of two
millions of dollars seems inevitable.
But, further: there are other expenditures falling
upon I II, froani wh,'h the Treasury was relieved in
1840. Tim, ,,p.-p.ind appropriations amount, aswell
as I can judge, to about a million and a half. In many
instances, the work for which the appropriation was
designed has been already done, and the materials fur-
nished; upon fortifications, forts, ordnance, navy
)ar.l. &r TI r n,, f.1IS40, and the expenditures
*,-.ns.-u'iit ihi, r .i, ti it. ihu-i been thrown on 1841,
and area proper charge of in:r'ei-l.d .- i.rI,.]lrre ]i.r
i1. I.Ai -r ,., ir T ht '-il i alr.-ily .j p'..i riae 1. I f.r na-
% ti .-hii ", 'I [ nliii, d i. ,il,j a ch.irge. a' already at .
ted, on this year, firomi which the lasIrI xealmpi
There arevarious others, .uch a the claims of Maine

for militia services, dbout &-2-25,, private bills, &c.,
nowhere embfacekd in thet esiinaitr., tut all of ills de-
_cription I ill group together (.n rule furnished by
i, Secretiarv hims-elf, and which was iirmerly prac.
ifed upun In his report submitted in Decnibcr,
1i37, speaking of the expenditures of the year, he
"The propriety of adding also the contingent sum
of at least one million ofdollars to cover appropriations
made by Congress beyond the estimates, has been so
fully tested by the experience of several years past,
that the correctness of the measure may no longer be
considered as doubtful. But the usual excess of ap-
propriations thus made by Congress is not imputed by
the undersigned to any special inattention or extrava-
In estimating the appropriations for the coming
year, the'Secretary embraces nothing for this contin-
gent sum, and his estimate of disbursement is predi-
cated upon that of appropriations. Now, sir, to sum
up the comparative expenditures of the two years, how
does it stand I
Actual expenditures in 1840, for current
purposes i2 li.l319
Deduct saving on the items enumerated
by the Secretary 760,190

Deduct further, excess last year for long
session -



Would leave for the expenditures of
1841, unless some further reduction
can be shown ,49,159
Add expense of census 721,000
Florida war 2,385,329
Navy pensions 110,000
Postponed appropriations, 1,500,000
Contingent sum 1,000,000---5,756,329
Expenditures of 1841, based on those of
1840 $27,185,488
This is the sum for ordinary current expenditures
merely, which, by the course of policy and measures
of the Administration now in power, has been thrown
upon the present year, and for which those who are
soon to administer the Government are in no degree
resp,.rsmil-le. I hie in,a. included the debt due on ac-
euuni .of this Diir..t, I.eing a charge of $60,000 more
thi; yvar (hn ih,: lar'. Let that stand as ,art of the
'".,iintom -nh iiilh.ii To this aggregate is then to
Ih a.ld, d ilir ,,,,n i.i,.,.i of Treasury notes outstand-
ing, issued under former laws, estimated by the Se-
cretarylat $4,500,000, and we have the sum total for
the service of the year of thirty-one million six hun-
dred and eighty-five thousand dollars, (31,685,000.)
Thisestimate, I am aware, differs widely from that
of the Secretary. He assumes that the expenditures
of the year, for ordinary purposes," if Congress
make no reduction from the estimates,
w ill b e ...'. 111
For the funded debt and district debt i 4,":,'i
For the redemption of Treasury notes 4,500,000
Amounting, in the whole, to 23,899,200
TO BE T',,Nii Cn.

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Hon. John H. Eaton, Walter Lennox,
Dr. B. Washington, Hon. M. H. Grinnell,
Bernard F. Carter, Va. Dr. Thomas Miller,
S. Starkweather, N. Y. Hon. Chris. Morgan,
Walter Hellen, Win. Thomas Carroll,
Chas. H. Pitts, Bait. Hon. F. Granger,
Thomas Allen, W. A. Bra dley,
Hon. Ths. W. Williams, Hon. W. C. Dawson,
Robert S. Patterson, John P. Van Ness,
Hon. W. Cost Johnson, Hon. Edward Curtis,
S. P. Franklin, Columbus Munroe,
Thomas L. Smith, Hon. D. Jeniter,
Hon. S. Mason, W. L. Brent,
Charles Lee Jones, Hon. T. B. King,
Hon. W. C. Preston, Alvaa,,dir Hunter,
Jos. H, Bradley, Rce'r.lJ J.hnson, Bait,
Hon. John White, P. Murray.
The Managers are requested to meet at Gadsby's
Hotel on Tuesday evening next at 7 o'clock.
feb 9-td
HEAD DRESSES.-We have just received, and
w:ll .o'pe' ihis morr, ir, g. a fIVe cis- fanny g,.ods
from Ma.Jam. Gjubert ,''.l Phil]delpFiia. cot,,msiinmgof
handsome nr t- -ile i thf die-. s, cdal., &c to
which the atiiiirnlti,'f l'the lI,,dJue'i tes .etifiult in' icd.
feb 6-3r Penn. ave nue, ,pposite Br,,wns


The District Committee of the Senate, proposes, I
perceive to amend the existing Charter by making a
new division of the city into Six Wards, giving a
power to impose a poll tax on every free white male
inhabitant of 21 years of age and upwards, requiring
him to be registered, and allowing him to vote, aind
making it unnecessary in the Mayor and members of
the two Boards of the City Council to be free-holders
As the present Charter is proposed to be continued
for 20 years longer, with the amendment I have men-
tioned, I deem it my duty, as a citizen, respectfully to
suggest to the committee and the Senate, the [roprie-
ty of making a few more alterations in the present
Charter. By that instrument, a new Mayor is to be
chosen, by the two boards, only in the event of the
incumbent's" death, resignation, inability, or removal
from the city. No provision is made for hit removal
when guilty of crimes or misdemeanor." Itf he should
commit a felony, which may be bailable, he can still
remain in office, till he is prevented from acting by
death or imprisonment. The inability mentioned in
the Charter, means only a disqualification from physi-
cal or intellectual infirmity, and not fiorn moral causes,
and if a Mayor should be guilty of the crime of theft,
robbery, or even murder itself and be bailed, there is
nothing in the Charter to preclude him from officiating
as the Mayor of the city, until his punishment (if death
or imprisonment) shall prevent him from discharging
the duties of hisoffice. This possible case should be
provided for now, that Congross has taken the atl.ieri
into consideration.
By the 15th section of the existing Charter, the
Commissioner of the Public Buildings is required to
"reimburse tothe corporation a ju- prop.:'rii..r rf any
edp, r'i incurreil in laying open, paving, or otherwise
iiproimrig anr .l" the streets or avenues in front of,
adjoining to, or passing through or between any of the
public squares or rt:fr"' lh is to be paid
out of "any moneos ariirnr Iruak ilie sale of lots in
the city, belongs ci t. i( I -. r,,,i from no other
fund." Since the passage of this act, a large portion
of these public lots has been given to charitable insti-
tutions, some' them lying beyond the limits of the
city, and I believe it often happens that the Commis-
sioner has no funds in his hands from that source to
apply to the object intended to be provided for, and
the improvement therefore fails to be made. It also
occurs, not unfrequently, that the removal of nuis-
ances on the public lots provided for in the 14th sec-
tion of the amendment of 1824, is neglected from the
same cause. These sections, therefore, should be
so amended as to render it obligatory on the Commis-
sioner to make the required improvements and remove
the nuisances mentioned in the above section, and to
defray the expense out of any money in the Treasury
of the United States, not otherwise appropriated; and
not leave them thus precarious and uncertain. But
there is another evil which sometimes exists. In fill-
ing up streets or private lots, the lots belonging to
the United States are left in their original condition,
and not being considered as nuisances, according to
the legal meaning of the term, -though very offensive
and injurious to the adjoining property, nothing can
be done withthem, and they aie permitted to remain
in that state. This should also be provided for in the
new Charter. As the streets, avenues, and open
spaces are considered, and by the Supreme Court have
been decided, to be the exclusive property of the U.
S., it would be but just to insert a provision requiring
these streets, &c., in be opened, graduated and im-
proved, at the public expense. The land which they
occupy, having been a gratuitous transfer, the least that
Congress could do, would be to keep them in repair,
especially all the most public and leading ones of the
The 9th section of the amendment of 1824, would,
I think, be improved by making the number of asses-
sors for Washington six instead of three, thus giving
one assessor to each ward of the city; this would be the
means of rendering the assessment more just and un-
exceptionable inasmuch as the citizen of the ward, by
being better acquainted with the value of property in
his district, could give a fairer estimate of that value
than one residing at either extremes of the city.
I have no objection to the poll tax proposed in the
committee's amendment; but I think, it would be very
injudicious to take away the property qualification of
the Mayor and members of the two boards. Our re-
presentatives are the representatives of property, and
not of political rights, and the executive officer and
those who are to impose taxes on the property holders,
should be themselves men of property, to give them
such an interest in the city as would prevent them
from recommending and imposing too heavy burdens
on the citizens who are endeavoring to build up the
metropolis, by vesting the earnings of their industry
in substantial improvements. What does the Mayor,
Alderman, or Councilman care about the debts the
corporation may contract, or the amount of taxes the
owner of property may have to pay, provided he is to
be exempt from the burden, or exempted from the con-
sequences of their own acts'I For thirty years al-
most the whole expense of supporting the corporation
and making the improvements which have been made
inthis city, has devolved on the property holder. His
taxes have, sometimes, been almost ruinous, and al-
ways very heavy; and experience has shown that, un-
less the members of the two boards are the owners of
'property and tax payers, there is great danger of run-
ning the corporation into debt and of increa-ing the
weight of taxation. The property qualification, there-
fore, should be considerably increased, rather than
taken away.
In some degree to equalize the burdens imposed up-
on the citizens, I would suggest that the corporation be
vested with the power to lay a tax on bank, insurance,
and other stocks held in this city. There is no just rea-
son why the owner of real property should be obliged
to pay a heavy tax, while the owner of productive
stock is wholly exempted from the burden.
But what will appear still more unreasonable, the
proprietor of unimproved lots which yield nothing, is
taxed at the rate of 75 cents for every hundred dollars
worth of land, while the owner of stock, which per-
haps yields ten per cent, pays nothing towards the sup-
port of the corporation and the improvement of the
I have deemed it my duty to throw out these few
suggestions for the consideration of the committee.-
There are other ainr nd s ntor which might be adopted,
that would be advantageous and important, but I have
not time at present to point them out.

D. S. GREGORY & CO. Managers.

35,295 Dollars. 40 of 1,500 Dollars.
Class B, for 1841.
To be drawn at Alexandria. Va., Saturday, Februa-
ry 13th, Ili41
35,295 Dollars. 10.(11i1) Dollars.
5,000 Dollars | 3.500 Dullars
4,000 Dollars 3,035 Dollars
3,0(0 [.llars
40 of 1,541i Dollirs
5 .Of ftji'iii, c r
Tickets fill--Halves. i5-Q-jrilers 2 50).-
Ceii.rtike .)l"eP. c-aka.'- o1"5 \', hl,,le Tickctmifi 3ii
Do do.'- 25 Hallf do 5
Do. dt. :25 Quavers ilo 33. 50

armtlctt^Siicth eronllrtsri.

TItssIv, Februay 9v, I.11
Thi VICE PRESID)ENI' submitlied a misage
from mih PrtsJent ul ithe Ursitied Statevs, iransmillng
a rep.-r 1,fI ih" t n'.i' ,i,li. nvr.6-a i-r the e ixplim aiiuii anil
survey -. i l( Norlhiie rr, btuin dim l l. I relatncF.e
to a further appropriation for the comnplehiiin .I the du-
ty a.-...'r,,-d tothem. The iinws.-ge ,,inI rtelrrd to the
Committee on Foreign Relations, and ordered to be
Also, a report of the Secretary of the Treasury, in
compliance with a resolution of the Senate, showing
the quantity of public land ceded to each of the respec-
tive States for certain specified purposes; which was
laid on the table, and ordered to be printA d.
Mr. YOUNG presented the joint memorial of the
General Assembly of Illinois, pro%,-ing the eatablish-
ment of a Marine Hospital at the (i,ty n-f Cairo; which
was retfarred to the Committee on Commerce, and or-
dered to be printed.
Mr. HENDERSON presented a memorial of citi-
zens of Warren county, Mississippi, in favor of the
pa t-s'- ofagenerAl bankrupt law; which was laidon
Ihi- table.
Mr. CLAY of Alabama, from the Committee on
the Public Lands, to which a resolution on the sub-
ject was yesterday referred, reported a bill to ar.nex tis-
Cherokee territory, in the State of,atI, lu the
Coosa land district, and the removal of the land office
of said district.
On motion of Mr. C. the bill was then reconsidered
as in committee of the whole, and ordered to be en-
grossed for a third reading.
On motion of Mr. WALL, the bill further supple-
mentary to an act entitled "An act to establish the ju-
dicial courts of the United Stats.:," [ai-ed ihe 2ltl, of
September, 1789, was taken up mandl c,.niJ..i.d as in
committee of the whole, and ..',direfd I.u l.e engrossed
for a third reading.
Mr. NORVELL, in puruinane.' of ,pr.-i...u notice,
asked and obtained leave to bring in bill authorizing
the Statesto tax any land, wItilII other linil seold by
the United States; hlcnih read lIsee, and refer.
red to the Committeeon Public Landi
The bill to alter on ofr i ternims t-I' the circuitl court
of the District of Ohio, and ibr olthIer puip,-s.e, and
The bill tor the refiel of Ihc heirs ..f Daniel PeltLi-
bone, deceased, Were sttri'ly raii a third inote and
The bill for the relief of Jacob Pennell an others,
owners of the Elizaof Brunswick;
The bill for the relief of the Steamboat Company or
The bill for the relief of Gaspar W. Wever;
The bill for the relief of certain companies of Mis-
souri volunteers; were severally considered as in Com-
mittee of the Whole, and ordered to be enrosised fior
a third reading.
The bill to revive the act entitled "An act to enable
the claimants to land within the limits of Missouri and
Territory of Arkansas to proceedlings to try
the validity oftiheir claims," aIIlprdnJ int 21h ul MNIAVy,
1824, and an act amending the same, andl Pxh'n.lng
thepIovibions of said acts to claimants to lanr-di ax ihin
the States of Louisiana and Mississippi, was taken up
on motion by Mr. Linn, who peop..edcedtrr aimeid-
ments thereto, which were agi ed to, atd ihe t hill as
amended was discussed by Messrs. King, Linn, Se-
vier, and Bayard, and was then ordered to t1e engrosas-
ed for a third reading.
The bill to establish a uniform system of bankrupt-
cy throughout the United States was taken up, as in
committee of the whole.
Mr. HENDERSON resumed the diha'e, and re-
viewed the opetationn of thelaw a I.,[.'Isedi bin the sen-
ator from New Hampshire, if aiopinid, on
and other incorporations, and the po 'r ol Coringreos
so far toextend such a provision Ii lit, bill cuihl hbe
made to include one corporation, he argued that it
could be extended to 11l tur|..,iii,ims, ard, rItIsc-
quently, a township, a city, a cuniy or a Sliaite, arid,
in short, any thing that bid f cor)piate existence,
could be embraced ; but he dmitiI haliii -tuilh .oer ex-
isted in that body.
Mr. WALKER, of NhMassi.ip,i, followed at great
lengthin support ofthe amendment; and argued elabt-
rately for the power f CCuigna..; Lt suljec- 0barnks and
other corporations to a. UniiniuintL Bankrupi st 6siin, and
replied in Jrtlil to ihe arguineiint. o, Mr Calhoun de-
livered on .a |.iniou4 d.&N.
Mr. CALLi-JU N :sid tIh S-enator from Missssirp-
pi had i.i;sa.ppiehend-d lhi. argument on a piecediing
day. rho nae--hu-ii tI as not wi, tIher a Sialci can ex-
empt individu ,I cLniz.ts I'roin iheoperalton of hbe puw-
ers of this Gusirinmtni, butl whtlhtr, when ithe State
has exercised ias aknuttdaed ptOWina, this GOsern-
ment can eiT ii-c p ..'aera detlruciite olt Ime acknow-
ledged pO-v. rm L f tlie Stats, and ..:-.,noeqcnily all the
remark- ,j Itit Senatier irom Mins-instspi, li:uiided on
that ninm[.pr, tinilun, Iil tu i, thne giourid. He (,MIr.
Calhoun) adi n... doubt the G. nir I Goaernintr ni might
tax indivicul, cinr.O.i;mig rie.rpaialouns, an. ihe cor-
porations tin, nSsrla ei in-, accorling lu hii estimate uf
the laying p.aitr it iwais. g,..I ioni-% and n.A lut des-
troy, for destruction ,,-uld d.-feai its own object.-
nWlh r-spae ti ihthtdeltoi ul' tH,, Slupieme -'uurt, he
h.d ir- Ine.,ll -tn,.n It ( xlies- thl,' opInmon Ilhat il t as
wrong. He believedI ins- Siatei. h-id the right i leiy
the tax, and he believed the Senatl.r fruoin Missiasipa
was wrong in supposing the decisih.n a.,, funded on
the assumption that the bank was a pur'lic andl nol a
private corporation. Be that as it might, hi i Mr.
Calhoun's) memory could not be- nii.takenr on the
point that the taxing power was treated as a power to
destroy ; but he thought it was the reverse of that,-
But to proceed toanother puint. The .inatir ir.iiit
Mississippi had placed hi. ,igurnr-nt, as he kMNr (C'l-
houn) understood it, on :hi gr.,und hat itic bankrupt
power was an absolute power.
He (Mr. Calhouo) understood it iigihi exlenil to
all cases of debtor and creditor, and ti.t %a'. winst he
understood by absolute power. Bankirliry was n
technical tersi, and he concurred %,ti in he Srolt..r
from New York, [Mr. Wi.;iit ] a.. ii, tih li t natuur
from New Jersey, [Mr. W, aIm.] inho i:aJs- a r,-lrtin on
the subject last year, Ithal it t%..! nhaiid tn 'rediturs
and not to debtors, and thot eu6l1 liad b-en lie basis
of all bankrupt laws heretofore conoiderted o" prop .-ed
for adoption, and o seqiiily thai t was .-eistru:.tiae
of voluntary bankruptcies, which were treated as mere
insolvencies. Now what was the dill, nrtnc between
public an.t |.'ail,,,iLr- ." 1 li ,ne va-- said
to be an ii.',rp.i.rat ..n i--r n-liit till and spec al int, -
rest; but llme i,-in l ci.-.> I'.f r a ipuli-' l.orputse, or
under the plea of a ui.i- lip.--',, II noulj tae a
gross abuse of power ",. 'inier -u .h plinilegis, iinh-ra
it were to promote some public object, and the [,epiln
of the United i -las-i iin, a, J these pri'. ale nrnnorpra-
tions were useful mu |iumiuairiun trade, a;nd nat ig.iiinn,
and commerce, and a-' nimln, II such, thtn, a'.re ire
object, what possible difference could it 'make wtieiher
the interests were separate or otherwise !
After a tew ,thit r ,,benjjii.anns Ie defended tlte r;ght
of the States '.,, le suttiori,\ over the b,,mnk of
the States, and to insist upon forfeitures for suslen-
smon ; and he inquired whether it had cons,- to thins,
that Congress was to interfere because the State Le-
gislat'ires were to- iiouien, ',r tao c.,rru^[ Il. Jo ii.-
He was of opinion minam mm a'.,'. int lur L.uoinres lo un-
deitake it. Hethen sintid t j. iuimsgruund..-I. which
he opposed this prj-u-!,. He ,.i.s.iu. ,i as It admog
to a breaking up al a -.'nyieoin mu a[itinc littedles and
credit of the counlts'r ten, r-i-iCetnim:,icmt, bdi'-U5e it
would force ous a 'isi ct,1 etlIInLIe.J nl all .,/t.r Lhehind,
and because they te^ul mint d., i a' ilinisil .ia ilauticn
of the Constitutiomnind ..1.. d i.i,,a.o- il'thi.e,d
this proposition, tlmy a.t;lt gtl [prnI.'~le a-. hi-r
would include evern tia ,ip ,n t .-i Enlaind rimr
these and other re.,',n-, re eipj...-tl list,,, |..jiiknio
Mr. v' ALKER. 'I r,' Snlrrtr trm Southl Caro.
lina admits the power .l iln s Got ernmeni1ot to ta ace
institutions, but denies the pinatrr rl in nclairsn ihthm
within the compulsory 1irtiaijn- i a tankiujt jaw.
Now, is not the power as expre.-s' granined in Iho
Constitution in the one case a. trn tnhe uther : 'I he
Senator contends for their exemption onthv riroun.
that they are established for public tar i,n.-e. But tho
banks :tiilnrelvmns e :laian ihjl they cere e-r'allistted lur
private lin ri.uov-. and at ny the poter olt tie Siule to
revoke or annul their charters. l'he eiase c-i Mac-

Culloch, in !lth Whreamn, e~ai,reisly ,Jeci.Jed ihatl mh
Bank of ie Unitri ,States w.,w- e sf mpin from tiTu.ti-On
by a Stats, b causs she was a aIeini uf h- ti Ce-
neral Gou.-rnniisnt In rel|v i l0h1' I arglutintlt that
banksin holt >,r in partn owned bhy Si".1e, are SAie
ameimiii, he would t tii hat il itie ,.ili':ers oa' tbesa baiks
weLe elected a ind ljiJ by II.e ?lt.ile, and ilie Slale were
responsible 1 -.. tiniir i.rijis, iLhein thy night, wilth
some -IDuuitmilnlt, ark to Li' eaeempiid Jruin the ope-
ration' oi'a Irinkrupit l.i
Mr. i'LAY., of Al atam.i, sail. thie tIiCers of the
State bank --f Aar.,miiii .,rc eliciCII hy tie Legil.a-
ture ofthe SIlalPe, arn.l li y vere as muoil the agen s of
the State, as lie lto.. n i,, .ti-.'es. waere of Ithe Sinaia
in New Ei,'Irinl Befre Com,gr,'ss can apply Iri
Ce,m. ulsor) p.osulion--i a bankrupt law to t1t,1e in.
stilutions, Ili tIhVy unsli lrl dinmt i.e pv.,.er ,fihe Stales
10 ineoril,..ite ban6s iTtie) should c unie sut l'
ainid a.J\,acati ai et e\lulae' ilinenilie currenriY His
should imtjl o V.illi. ihein in lll, a- h le oul'l nti. go
tor the pmIs, n-t jpiop-inin. iThe Senaltur it.u- Mis-
1isSlIpil haLl illuJed i,he ni.inentaole i' ,-ndiltiin of
le bitnks uf Atlalainir iHe wass nut Aihllg Iithatl this
Giterninenl slhouhll interfere in the alffaita of his

. -I-v

btate, and eispeeially those which Were within Ihe
exclusive province of his State. What was the pur-
port ol this whole mattiler, but saying that the Slates
were either unable or unwilling to manage their own
affairs. The Senator alludes i. the deplIorable condi-
tion of these banks, and speaks ofthis Goternment as
the only power which can correct the eil. He, k Mr.
Clay,) im one, would be gladl to see the Federal o.
vernment attend to tis own affairs, and attend to them
suecesslully. He thought the queiton had assumed
no new siape since the Lbriefidtcuiussiun tof vtltida\,
nor, indeed, a-nce the last session, a htn he had aio-cd
to strike banks fromt ihe bill. As to the taxing power
of this G.overnmenl. he helJ it to te strictly limi,ned to
revenue purposes. Becaus-e the banks in Nhlsisvippi,
or in Alaiama, or in any other Male, nere in a badly
condition, was with liiin n) argument in ia&or of .ur
travelling out four coriitut'onrial sphere to apply a
Mr SE% IER having obtainel the Iloor, said it must
lie apparent to every Senawor thIat ilwre wais not the
remulest chance ot tint bill p.,atiii. C(ingress at the
presietl e-tsicon ; and to pre en a iurthtr wa-le of the
time of the Senate, he nt%,d to lay ihe hill on the
Belbre the question wastaken, a notion ir ad.ilijurn-
ment was made, which pre% filed
And the Senate adjourned.

TiL'.npit FebI. 9, n-1841.
This day being set apart a. a -ecisel order for the
bills reported by Mr. Underwood, frt..n a ei-ecl com-
mittee in relation to steamboat exp.l..s.insa-
Mr. JONES move. that the special order r be post-
poned until Thuisdav ne-lt, and thal the Houre pro-
ceed with Ihe consideraltion of the bill tbiore' the House
yesterday, making apprrirtattona 1,r the pa ment of
pensions for the year -1841
Upon trinquir} made of the C'hair, it vai arnwvvtred
that a nialority could tIhe order, but that it
would then lose its speciality. The Sp,,nakc r uggtmcdl
that the postponement might be muade by comrnoi, con-
sent, in which case it woul.J reniain a special oudcr
The Chair Ihen inquired it there wtv. any objceiii.n.
Mr. CUSHING ut.jecleJ ; and then
Mr. JONES moved th.,i the special order be poast-
ponad until I huiiday next., and tue rution was car-
ried hy two third. ., eo that it renainm a special order
lor that day
Mr CAVEJOHNSON moe.l that hercafllrthe
daily hour for the meeting of the Hu-e be eleven
o'clock in the forenoon, unril eh.-rwise aCei.pteJ
There was objei lion Io ithe introudd:t.,n ot this mo-
tion, on which ihe rules wrie Eulpen.lcd. and ihe mo-
iun was reciivied and ordered,
The fHlue then, on motion of Mr. JONES, ofVa.,
resolved iaselh inlm Committee of the Whole on the
state of the Uiion, and resumed the consideration of
the bill making appropriations Iur the payment of pen-
sions fur I he year I- I.
The question reutred on the following amendment,
movrd yeLer.J by b Mr. rhonipion ot S..,uth Caro-
lina, Chairman of the Cuiomittee on Mil ditary Affairs:
Sc "2 Arid b,. itfar er enacted, That S ll liit.0
be. anrid the same is leiebv, appropriated, to be expend-
ed under the direction ol the Secretary of War, tbr
the benelit of such of the Seminole chiefs and war-
riors as may surrenrI.Jer for emigration.
Mr. NIM A CLOiiPER resumed his remarks from
v, sterday, in ieily to portaon,- of the argument of Mr.
Giddings having reir-rince toi the causes of the Florida
War. Some lurhi, r explanaih.ns took place between
Messr5. Cotper and Evan, in relation to the pend-
ing conlroveras bi tween the States of Georgia and
Mr. COOP.R, ;n the course of his remarks, was call-
ed to ord.-r y NIr ANDREWS, of Kentucky, for ir-
reltarricv and at a subsequent period, when replying
to the remarks of Mr. Giddings as to negro-stealing,
and whilst eetii.g those r-niaks with allusions to a
certain casr ui negr..-siruliril in Ihiu, was pronounced
to be out of order-by the Chairi,.in
Mr BLA,. It initing that his colleague (Mr.
Co,,Ipi-r) v iieiprrly r,'ypitlin to arguinents which the
g.'rtlirm in fron. Oin i., Mr. G.iddih ng- P had been suffer-
ed to make, appealed tFri1 Ih. .hI- tion of the Chair.
Some ciri.%reation ensuitd on the point of order, in
which BLACK, ALFORI), ADAMS, and
WVISE plrticipated, after which
The question was put Shall the decision of the
Chair stand a. the ludgment of thr committee and
was decided in the negatie; A'yev 56, noes 82.
So th deciriaion of the Chiir was rvereed.
Mr THOMPSON, of South Carolina, would ap-
peal in the honorable enitber from G,:.rgia t., sa\
w etiier it w's pruJInt or proper in this ilt uu' ..,n .i'
a topic Ihoweer improperly drig.ed ir., tLhii dhite'i
upon which every Southern marn shuuld only kI..l as
a Sorut hern mn, to be provoking this family quarrel
between Southern Whigs and Southern Demor-,,.is
and whether it isjust to rea3rd the r,r, ot.', ,i .f
the o',se,,,e nim.emhi-is of the VWhig party as an exponent
ol the tingehos and npiitornIs ,f that lirrv on this sub-
*ect \V,,uld it riol be better, more fair, and more
jU-t tl, wait one horl nionith and hear thi dditinrguJoi .I
head f l'lhat parly speak for hirumsll' NMr T. wouil
pledge liiinscif that G..n H.irison %%ill .o speak and
a:t upon the uhjeet ofl'alihtioiio a6 to s.tisify even the
itneibct fr.,,i Gtorgia, and to setal frever his lips ex-
cept in praizt.
Mr. COOPER proceeded in I.. remarks, (interrupt-
ed Ib) evplanationi f'r.m NMlAsrs. Njst,.:t and Giddings)
and concluded at ten minutes past two o'clock.
Mr. BLACK then obtained the floor, and express-
ed himself decidedly op[..,.;d ito the amendment of the fr,.,_1 'outih t'Crulin, (Mr. Thompson,) as
being irrelevant to the bill before the committee, and
as liin. irupi,.er at this time. And, he said, he would
hi- corltenlnil himielfi with simply giving his vote
again.l.t it .1 a11, iiiL ii. had it not been that for three
long hours vvsierday the g.nilk.,i.,. from Ohio (Mr.
Cld.ln.n-i lad teen perinitrel iu ihuse, vilify, and
misrepresent Ihni a.-] his cr,,ittlieni2
Mr. B. then lliid I-, th. he i'Ih- which had been
made hy h;ntieif aitdl,-, ,:sr.i-ri.,, to arrest
'the g-entleuan frin liii, in h,- *urn., ul' r,.,i, ki which,
however, had been unsuccessful. The consequences
ot uff'. riii. the geritleiian 1o go on could not but be
fbiresf n lly eVer .i.. riihb.r ut the House. He would
say that it wa- rii hi?. in,. nation to argue the abstract
question of slavery on this floor; he had been in-
structed by his constituents to hol.l n,, *r.,-,io nit with
abolitionists heite. Mr. B. then iiiinai, j th it if the
gentleman iron Ohio would come amongst his (Mr.
B.'s conistiuenis aind promulgate his doctrine there, he
would find that Lyinch lc>w..uld be inflicted, and
that the gi nil.'mar, would reach an elevation which he
little dreamed of. Let the gentleman put that down in
his book.; let him carry it back home, and tell it to his
inidigiatiion mertin,_,
Mr GIDD1NG. rose to a point of order, which he
was about to reduce to writing; when
Mr. WISE said: Let us get through this discus-
sion as soon as possible-let us go on without inter-
Mr. BLACK tlhen proceeded in his remarks. Once
only he was ri,,tri,.,J by the Chairman, ,irlni tih,.
reaching of a certain paper sent to 1l,- Clerk ; lilies,
that the Chairman did not consider the course of re-
mark in order; but that, under the decision of the com-
mittee, made this [.:.rr, ni,, the Chair did not feel at
liberty to call I i cenileriian to order.
Mr. B. then proceeded, and was discussing ques-
tions connected with the policy of the non-slavehold-
ing States on the subject of slavery, &c., when
Mr. WISE ,,aJ.'d an appeal, as a Southern man, to
Mr. B]i,'k, ni i-. Jiscu -* the matter further.
Mr. Bl't'N L,\1 ,.Iptd the gentleman from Geoigia
would proceed, and that the subj....i would be ,ih.-.ii".
ed at length, if possible. The -i,.uih na ..jii. rn,
more for this now than for any thie ..= and if the
'enilerniian fr.. 11 Georgia did not proceed, he (Mr. By-
niuir,) -,ii'hl.l rl ,11 the right to do so. It was time we
should come to a settlement of accounts in these mat-
Mr. BLACK r,2ain proceeded.
Several points ..i' tirder were raised, which elicited
some desultory discussion, and in which Messrs. War-
ren, Rayner, Bynum, Morgan, and Custis participat-
ed ; but no action was laken up.,n Ihrm.
And Mr. B LA_'-K ag..,.v procecdeJ, (interrupted
for purposes o' expllriatiun biy Mllsi Wise, Aibert
Smith, and Rives.)
After which, Mr. WISE rose and called the gen-
tleman to order, on the gr.,uJd thlt his remarks were
out of order, ever under the decisn imule bythe com-

iniatlep this m.rning.
Thrc CHAIRt decided that the gentleman was in
Mr. WISE appealed.
And the question bcin-Y put, the decision of the
Chair was reversed, and N r Black was declared to be
out of order.
Sub;.euenrly, on motion of Mr. A. SMITH, (ob-
jection having been made to Mr. Black s proceeding,)
leave was granted that he (Mr. B.) should proceed in
And Mr. B. proceeded.
Some further inierrulp.Gn took place; after which
Mr. BLACK read, foi, the especial benefit of Mr.
GiJdinrgs,, third, fou.tti, and fifth verses of
tie Goitl ol'lihe holy St. MatEiwiv
MNr B then proctA-ltd to read from the Emancipa-
tor neriwpapcr.
Mr. VW 1IE roec to a point of order.
The CHAIRMAN decided that Mr. Black was
out of order.
Mr ANDREWS objecit'd to the gcniI ri,.n's pro-

SMr. A. SMITH moved that the gentleman haie
lease to proceed
Which motion preaiing-
MIr BLACK ,pioc'n.l.d ILIw i i ii lien hi
closed hi remiarks.
The CHAIRMAN ih,. -iv the I' r Io
Mr DOWNING, or F i.jrda, w .rii .i.precat
in,' ihe ex-aorilinary clih ,rcler of th lic di.cudsston
which had ltki.n place ul.,n .a jie'riire it c ,..le obti-cl
of u hih %wa.d 1o give pt-ae ti Fl.rili, proceedLd t,1)
reply ri. that .ruriun ol'tlie at.rij ni r Nol Mr L;iddingo
ahiih cunit.lnid Lhi.-riet a5 inl the Flinrt
d.iias in rrl.ior, to ithe rnu.- ,'wihs'ivIr, ind to vin-
ditlit h N i'Mr D'sa i c..iiiui u,-nirih iherh',,mrn. This
hi diiJ at greal eraigiti-,ni tlin, nuirui lv into details
-arnid l rIun.riting iljaL i he ,Iumerias which had been
r,,.J l tihc g,,rnli-men I'nii Ohio -rname s.ine of them
1'irm lrdia-ne, nieof uf lihe iniii slu and all of
ith i fioin pa.rtil and pr.-juiii.d l ,.'urc"s And he
d,'nid that the sentiments of the gentleman from
Oito onr a certain subject were the ,aenimic(nt, of the
great %h;g jp.rti -or of that part in the State of Ohio.
HF. rvgr. cited thai the gentleiiian could not have per-
nineiel Ithis sulibjcti lopaess at this time-believing, as
he did, that if the genius of Homer could sleep some-
times, the genius of fanaticism should sometimes also
bepermitted to slumber.
Mr. D. believed that this was a glorious moment to
terminate the war-he believed it miht bi terminat-
ed, if the money was voted promptly now; but let the
chance pass, it would never return.
Mr. D. concluded at a few minutes before 5 o'clock,
and Mr. SMITH, of Indiana, having obtained the
floor, a motion was made that the committee rise. No
quorum having voted, the committee rose and reported
that fact to the House.
At 5 minutes to 5 o'clock, P. M.
Mr. MALLORY, of Va., moved an adjournment,
and the qu'-ti,ri% was taken by yeas and nays, and
negativedl 'Yea, 37T na.s 62.
A c1,ll .,fthe Flouse wa, then moved by Mr. LEET
-negatived 45 to 50.
An adjournmen i was then again mnoied and carried.
And the House ailjourned until ti morrow, eleven




The present circulation of the Madisonian is about
Subscribers are permitted to forward their names un-
der the frank of Postmasters. We must again inform
them that letters cannot be received unless free or
postage paid.

We take th e following extract from the Colo-
nial Magazin.., for January, published in Lon-
don. If, asis thought, it expresses the views of
Lord Palmerston, it is important. We are now,
it seems, to be intimidated into concession to the
entire claims of the British. Possibly the delay
in the negotiation of the Boundary question is
improved in the preparation of the squadron al-
luded to. Shall we see only when the fleet is in
From the Colonial Magazinefor Jan 184-1.
"It is our duty to settle at once the boundary ques-
tion. We are now maintaining a large and expen-
sive army in Canada and New Brunswick; let a
powerful squadron of ships of the line, heavy frigates,
steam-ships, and bomb-vessels, be ordered to rendez-
vous in Halifax at the opening of the navigation in
spring, and measures be, in the mean time, taken,
through our Minister at Washington, to declare, per-
emptorily, that the boundary must be fixed within a
given time. As the Americans are always so ready
to take advantage of the imag ned difficulties of Eng-
land, let us not lose the present opportune period fobr
the claiming and establishing of rights, which have
been fraudulently withheld "

Yesterday hbei;na thie day appointed for the offi-
cial examination of the votes for President and
Vice President of the United States, the two
Houses proceeded at twelve o'clock to the exe-
cution of the order in regard to it, adopted on the
2d inst.
A message having been received by the Sen-
ate, that the House of Representatives was ready
to receive them, the Senators preceded by the
Vice President, the Sergeants-at-Armns of the
two Houses, the Secretary and his assistants,
went to the Hall, and took the seats provided for
them on the right of the Chair. They were re-
ceived by the members standing. The Vice
President was conducted to the Chair as presi-
ding officer of the meeting,-the Speaker occu-
pying a seat on his left. Mr. PRESTON, the teller
on the part of the Senate, and Messrs. CUSHINO
and JOHN W. JONES, the tellers on the part of the
House, took the places assigned to them at the
Clerk's table.
The Senators and Representatives being seat-
ed, the Vice President proceeded to open the
packets addressed to him containing the votes of
the different States. These having been read at
length by the tellers, and complete lists having
been made, the Vice President then rose and
announced the following result:
Whole number of votes for President, 294
received- --- - 234
He therefore declared WILLIAM HENRY HAR-
rISON, of Ohio, duly elected President of the
United States for four years from the 4th of
March, 1841.
Whole number of votes for Vice President,
294. -
Of which John Tyler, of Va., receive 1 234
Richard M. Johnson, of Ky. 48
Littleton W. Tazewell, of Va. 11
James K. Polk, of Tenn. 1
He therefore declared JOHN TYLER, of Va.,
duly elected Vice President of the United States
for four years from the 4th of March, 1841.
After this announcement, the Senate retired
to their Chamber; and a joint committee con-
sisting of Mr. Preston, of the Senate, and
Messrs. Cushing and Wise, of the House, hav-
ing been appointed to wait on General Harrison,
and inform him of his election, the two Houses
immediately adjourned.

Gen. HARRISON yesterday made a visit to the
President of the United States. He expects to
leave the city in the course (f a day or two on a
visit to his relations in Virginia.

Among the strangers now in the city is the
Hon. Elisha Whittlesey, of Ohio.

We understand that Gen. IIARiSON will attend at
the City Hall THIS DAY, from the hour of one o'-
clock to three, to receive the visits of Ladies, together
with such gentlemen as have ladies under eecoqt.

We regret to learn that Hon. JAMEs GARLAND has
been detained from his seat in the House of Repre-
sentatives, for the last few days, by indisposition.

The President clci of bthe United Sittes
r.a-lied this cit ntn Tus-day I.v he nito- trig
.rain of cat ifr-iri IT iitoi t,..l',.\ t in 11 .n nd
I ., lock.
His arrival at the 1I-,ilcuad Depot was an-
nounced by agun from (I'.rpiol Hill, anil rioti ith-
standing a %trr heavy and unpleasant snow
stormn whicrli began early in the morningand con-
tinued during the day, the avenues werre- killed
with multitudes of citizens and strangers, who
had assembled to behold and hail the man who
has been chosen by the united voices of the peo-
ple to preside over the aftlairs of the Republic.
According to the programme of arrangements
previously published, the citizens, including the
Central Democratic Tippecanoe Club, assem-
bled at half past nine o'clock at the City Hall,
and moved in procession to the Depot. When
the gun was fired announcing the arrival of the
cars, the agitation of the multitude was im-
mense, and the rush to the doors of the car'
house so great that it seemed impossible after-
wards to preserve the lines. Pr, ceded by the
Marine Band, the procession, with Gen. Harri-
son on foot at its head, moved lier,.ii the two
lines of people to the City Hall. Notwithstand-
ing the continual fall of snow, the steps and
balconies of the houses along the streets were
crowded with people, il1clu7n1.1 great numbers
of fair ladies, to whose animating cheers of
welcome, the General, with head uncovered,
gracefully bowed acknowledgment. All were
inspired with enthusiasm-multitudes were
curious to behold the venerable head of 'the far-
famed Hero of Tippecanoe, while many farm-
ers from the -urrounding country, and Itiuecha-
nics of our own Di triirt were eager to ,. tloouie
the deliverer of the country, in whom all thiir
present hopes of good government are now cen-
tred. On reaching the "Odd Fellows Room,"
at the City Hall, the Chairman of the Commit-
tee of Reception, who is also Mayor of the city,
addressed the President elect as follows:
"In obedience, iuir, to the wishes of my fellow-citi-
zens of Washington, I beg leave to offer to you, in
their name, a cordial and heartfelt welcome to the Me-
tropolis of the Union. They could not have assigned
to me a duty more gratifying to my own feelings, or one
which I should be -nore proud to perform.
"As there was no portion of the American People
who had so deep a strike in the issue of the late Presi-
dential Election as the inhabitants of this city, there
was no portion of them who felt a deeper solicitude in
the event of it, or a more sincere and grateful joy at its
glorious result.
"Although the peculiar subjects of Federal legisla-
tion, and at the mercy, as it were, of the Federal ru-
lers, the people of this city yet dared to think for
themselves, and publicly to avow their disapproval of
the measures of the Admini trationj; they dared to in-
voke their countrymen throughout the Union to rise
up and rescue the Govern ment from the hands of those
who had abused their trust, and whose rule had proved
so disastrous to the public weal.
For exercising this sacred right-a right inseparable
from every just notion of republican liberty-a right
never questioned but by tyrants, and never surrender-
ed but by slaves; for exercising this free American
privilege, they have been subjected to indignities and
oppression, which put to shame the most fl.igrant of
those acts of British oppression which impellediur fa-
thers to take up arms. Still, undismayed by the mena-
ces of power, and unsubdued by injustice, the people
of Washington shrank not from their duty. They
continued to assert the free right of opinion and of
speech, to proclaim their own wrongs and those of
their country, and to bear testimony against the incom-
petency and unfaithfulness of the public rulers; and
they have the proud (satisfaction of believing that their
voice was not altogether unheard in the awakening of
their countrymen to a sense of the public danger, and
to the necessity of a change in the Executive Gov-
t" Eleven years ago, sir, you returned to this city
from an honorable and important trust abroad, the first
victim of a remorseless political proscription, till then
unknown to our history. You now enter it atthecall
of your country, to take the place of those who pio-
scribed you, and to occupy the elevated station which
was prostiluted to your persecution-thus signally re
Ituk... an intolerance alien to the spirit of liberty, and
jtuinr-hiri,: an example of retributive justice honorable
to our republican institutions, and cheering to the
friends of free Government.
"The necessity of reform is inscribed on every linea-
ment of the National Administration ; and you, sir,
have been chosen by your country the honored instru-
ment of that reform; in you the hopes of the nation
are now centred--hopes, indeed, made bright by un-
doubting confidence.
"Happily, sir, in your known character and past his-
Lory we have every guaranty for a faithful, wise, and
honest adminisi ration of the public affairs; and we have
only to pray that it may prove as happy h.r v,.i.C-eli, ,-
sonally, as we are confident it will be advantageous for
our common country.
"In the name of my fellow-citizens I make you wel-
come to the city of your official residence."
To this address General Harrison briefly but
happily replied. He thanked the people of Wash-
ington for their cordial reception. A long and
intimate acquaintance with them had left no
room to doubt that he should be received amongst
them with kindness. Were he to look round for
a society in which to locate himself while exe-
cuting the functions of the Presidential office, it
would be difficult to find one preferable to tit
of Washington. He looked forward to -.,ieik,
intercourse with the citizens with pleasure.
With respect to the unpropitious circum-
stances of the affairs of the District, to which
the Mayor had alluded in his address, Gen. H.
said, whatever they might be, he begged him to
believe that there was no disposition wanting on
his part, by all the legal means within his pow-
er, to contribute to their improvement or refor-
Mr. J. A. BLAKE, President of the Central
Democratic Tippecanoe Club, was then intro-
duced to General HARRISON, and made him a
brief and neat address on behalf of the Club, to
which the General replied in appropriate terms.
After this ceremonial, an hour was spent in a
personal introduction of many hundred citizens.
The General appeared to be in fine health and
spirits, and the people seemed to be well pleased
with the courtesy and kindness with which they
were received.
He was then escorted by the Committee to
his lodgings at Gadsby's Hotel, where he also
received visits from a large number of his fel-
low-citizens, including many distinguished mem-
bers of Congress. The General, the gentlemen
of his suite, (Messrs. Chambers, Todd, Cope-
land, and R. Wickliffe, jr.,) and the Baltimore
Committee who had attended him to this ciy,
and the Mayors of Georgetown and Alexandria,

were afterwards entertained at dinner by the
Committee of Reception.
Gen. HARRISON will remain at Gadsby's Ho-
tel during his present visit.

The Official organ parades, in an editorial ar-
ticle, an extract from a recent speech of Senator
Tappan, making, besides many unfounded and
insolent insinuations against Mr. CLAY, the fol-
lowing charge:
We have heard the Senator describe, in his gra-
phic way, how the next Administration would make
a clear sweep of all office-holders, with probably no
There is not a particle of truth in this state-

ilUeil. Mr. ClaV did not iake the declaration such a pipuhiiion, will be a course not only wholly at
here atiribui, d lo him, iior any ihins like it. It var vith ,oundJ polc i, bu inconsistent with common
is or oof lli, numb ileis lisripric ratiollSi .1r lisri.r,, as- il s our future inercourse with
hiht, i lie Gh11. :puts ,,,th .ior,.ill,,.., tihe rc- the nai.r., tho hold ic r-ignty over the neighbor.
m irlk .1 Srt.l i.,ir i-.r ,l I M r. Talif ,r Ihi adoplt ," lsi-ail and ai hRI sam- i tts1 entail upon our con .
it froth tat p Mr. ad, iiguou- obuider selili icnt a condition of embarrassing
ed it from that pollt.d source. Mr. Clay had, and ainful insecur.y. The ill blood created by the
in the course of hi, -p., .-h on tli. repeal of ihe present struggle 11 continue until our generation
Sub-treasury, c isualli, rl'rr ,d i,, tilo report that shaI hese lip..ed anay. and as %ell might w,, look
the Administration pall)y to prolong for barmni, ous un.,n between ra,.terikl by nature [lie
their pa ronace and power al'k-r lihe fourth of mosti oppost.c and duiordamt in theireharacitcr, as to
Ma:h i next, by means of r.,iyiitii,,,. on the expect it arttinit an ecen, ior a season, prevail be-
part of those whoee terms are to expire soon tavn ithe inhraLblanti- of the c,,urtry anil hose by
after 31 da a.iy.nad b pr mniatir, lI) fillign up tlitr p hti tI-irr lionies h to e leer, made di sedlat, and their
ofli,-e-; and, he said, that if the Senators on fanilies in c,lI li--..od *tuicilrredi. To talk. ibien, of
the other side flattered themselves with the idea p-ace, a- ei,,diiion ol.lIi,.ig likely to enture, while
that General Harrison would be prevented by the Indiata remir, in ith1 eounilr. i ,- rrso than idle,
any Lepe1. ro-~,.,ranct: ofhuman rna-
any such contrivances from execising his consti- andt espealsviler a gro,-tr,r.n hmn na
tutional rights, and being actually P,.4dd tore, and espeallyjo" the charaer or the sage, or a
f rom the 4th of March next, they would probaby. nioit reprehensible di..regard of the baleiful cone-.
from the 4th ofsMarhnext, they would probably quenc which nimu.t ineitably result from any mea-
fid themselves mistaken. With r-gard to the sure short of their altsolute and entire removal That
removal of subordinates, who lave li,-. ri attend- to su h ignorance, the oppo-te policy in Miew is altrin-
ing to the proper business of their offices, he butable, I, for one, will not believe; for, if Mr. Van
spoke in such terms as to call forth from Mr. Buren is not, by his own personal experience, enlight-
BUCHANAN a compliment to his liberality, ened upon the subject, he has about him those who
It is, however, i dif.- inu ti, find the conductors know and can point out its utter madness and folly ;
and contributors of the Globe, Loco-foco Sena- and I can, therefore, discover but one rational way
tors, and other spoilsmen raising their hands to explain it-it is, nevertheless, one which however
and voices in holy horror against "removals." little him it may be, I am compelled, by the
To refresh the memories of these persons and force of facts, to adopt, namely: That his project of
To refresh the memories of these persons, and ', -. *-
treaty and peace with the Seminoles, is designed as
to show the country what reason they have to an imposture upon the people of the United States, by
complain in advance, and with what grace they which he hopes to secure to himself the credit of clos-
can, under any circumstances, cry out "pro ing an expensive and disgraceful war, at the moment
-cripiion." we present a few extracts, taken at he is going out of power, by a false peace"--a peace
random from the paper which was their official which he well knows will exist only in name-and in-
organ in 1829. volve the new administration in the odium of renew-
Hear how one of these writers (probably ing hostilities, which will, in truth, have never ceased.
Ati-os Kendall himself) urged the necessity of A FLORIDIAN.
making- "a clear sweep of all office holders." Boston o Spo t .
One of the duties imposed on the President Elect
is, to see that the laws are faithfully executed. For BOSTON, February 6, 1841.
this he is responsible to the people. How can we ex- THE TARIFF.
pect that duty to be faithfully done, if he retains in I was pleased with the remarks of Mr. Cushing re-
office the partisans and retainers of Mr. Clay lativ,,e to the tariff, and my views are in unison with
"We ask any man of common sense, whether a his in wishing for a discriminating tariff, not a high
friend of General Jackson, who has promoted his dec- protective tariff with extravagant duties, for the pro-
tion, under a solemn pledge to the people that the section of one class of manufactures to the manifest
public abuses will be corrected under his Administra- injury of another class, but a tariff that will give equal
tion, will not be more likely to aid in reforming those protection to all the diversified interests of every sec-
abuses, than a partisan of Mr. CLAY, who has opposed tion of this country. We ask not for a tariff that will
the election of General Jackson, under a pledge to the give a revenue to exceed the wants of the General Go-
people that there were no abuses to correct V' vernment. for we denretate a distribution of the sur-

Observe again how the same organ expresses
surprise that any one should doubt whether
there would be a general removal.
We wonder if the editors can be serious in ex-
pecting the President to be able to work that efficient
reform which the people look for at his hands, if he
retains in office, to the exclusion of his friends and the
advocates of reform, those political enemies familiar-
ized to the abuse and corruption of the preceding Ad-
ministration ?"
The following paragraphs would apply, per-
haps, not inaptly to some of those who have la-
bored to get up this clamor in advance.
The very word (Reform) acts like an electric
shock upon some men, who, knowing that they ought
to be removed, find themselves in office.
One of the first objects of such men is to prevent
the action of the President upon them, by getting cer-
tificates of good behavior.
The object is well understood. They expect to
alarm the President out of all reform, lest it should be
attributed to his advisers.
The character of the President is the best reply
we can make to such efforts."
Hear how the arguments and remonstrances
against indiscriminate proscriprion were answer-
ed b) those who now are so shocked at the idea
of any removals !
"The cry for reform by the people is loud enough
to drown all screams and cancel all sickly appeals to
magnanimity or personal friendship for official salva-
If there be any man in office who would starve if
turned out, it is at once an argument for his remo-
Root, hog, or die !"
The following extracts present some of the
reasons which were urged by the spoilsmen for
the "clear sweep of all office-holders."
"We expect General Jackson to punish Messrs.
*- *-and * *--because the first is un-
fit for his situation, and the other- two are servile
We expect him to punish Mi. N., the Register of
the Treasury."
We expect him to punish Messrs. * *-* *-
and **, and a host of other subordinate libellers,
by appointing as their successors men who will dis-
charge their duty to him and to the pu lie."
We expect him to extend this salutary system of
reform to every branch of the Government."
"He has been selected by the people under the hope
thai he will do so."

ALLvALE ,January 29, 184t1.
Tit,','.ll. ALLEN, ESQ..
Oui Territory, which has already been cruelly and
irreparably injured by the misrule of the administra-
tion of the greatest and best," and that of his foot-
step" successor, has been of late, and now is, in a state
of great agitation and excitement, (especially the
Eastern portion of it,) in consequence of well authen-
ticated reports which are current among us-that it is
determined upon by Mr. Van Buren and his advisers,
(as if poor Florida had not already received more than
sufficient of evil at their hands) to fasten upon her
their parting curse, in the shape of a treaty of peace"
with the Indians, by which these devils in human
form, some of whose hands are, at the very moment I
am writing, reeking with the blood of our slaughtered
women and children, are to be permanently located
upon a soil, to remove them from which, has cost the
nation untold millions of money, and what is of far
greater importance, led to that which will prove, if the
now indicated policy of the.present administration is
carried out, a useless and wanton waste of human life
Against a measure so fraught with ruin to Florida-
so entirely destructive of the little hope by which her
citizens have been sustained under their protracted
and multiplied sufferings, as well as hostile to the true
interests of the United States, they will and must re-
monstrate in the strongest and most emphatic manner
to the power itself, which meditates the evil; and
should their remonstrance be unheeded, their dernier
reliance must be upon an appeal to the Senate--that
sheet-anchor of the Government-and that body will,
we may not doubt, interpose to save us. On the score
of interest alone, this measure is wholly objectionable.
but td ere are numerous other outweighing consider_
tions existing in the case which should consign it to
utter reprobation. It proposes to cede to the savages
a large, and some of the fairest portion, at least as far
as climate is concerned, of the Territory; and there-
by establish upon our exposed seaboard frontier a popu-
lation which has never entertained towards the Ame-
ricans, as a nation, aught like genuine kindness of
feeling--a feeling not at all likely to he augmented
Seven should they consent temporarily to suspend overt
acts of hostility) by the recollection of their present :e-
lations with us. It seems to me that thus to locate

plus moneys among the States, but a revenue that will
meet only the wants of the Government, nothing
more. I am satisfied that duties must be laid ere long
on either luxuries or necessaries, or both, as it is appa-
rent to every observer that the revenue from customs
under the Compromise act will fall far short of the ac-
tual and necessary expenses of the Government.-
With these views, I am of the opinion that a discrimi-
nating duty of twenty per-cen turn should be levied on
silk hats, silk bonnets, silk dresses, silk parasols and
umbrellas, believing the manufacturer of these several
articles ought to be protected from foreign competition,
with the same justness as well as the wool, sugar and
cotton grower. A like duty should be imposed on
gunny-cloth, immense quantities of which are now
imported, and used exclusively for bagging cotton, to
the manifest injury of the Kentucky manufacturer,-
The tariff law of 1832 imposed a duty of 31 2 cents
per square yard on cotton bagging without regard to
weight, width or quality, if suitable for and used for
cotton bagging. At the time of the passage of this
act, gunny-cloth, (which is made of jute, a species of
grass of the East Indies,) was not known in commerce
as cotton bagging, consequently it has been decided in
our courts as free of duty, although it is suitable for,
and used exclusively for bagging cotton. Crude salt-
petre should be taxed a like duty, and for similar rea-
sons, as it is imported in a crude state (so decided in
our courts) nearly equal to the best of Amercn ri -
fined. The muslin de lines of France, which are
composed wholly of combed wool, should pay the
same rate of duty of the muslin de lines of England
which contain a moiety of cotton.
There are many perplexing questions involved in
the phraseology of the Compromise act in relation to
worsted goods, and therefore a revision of the tariff
would be not only satisfactory to the merchant,
but of much pecuniary interest to the Govern
meant. For instance, the Compromise act makls free
of duty the following, to wit: "bleached and un-
bleached linen, table linen, linen napkins, and linen
cambrics, and worsted stuff goods, shawls, and other
manufactures of silk and worsted, maufactures of
silk, or of which silk shall be the component material
of chief value, coming from this side of Ihe Cap.: of
G od Hope, except sewing silk." Now, shalloonscom-
posed entirely of combed wool are admitted entry free.
Why because they are known in mercantile parlance
as worsted stuff goods. Serges, on the contrary, com-
posed of the same material are dutiable because not
known in mercantile phraseology as worsted stuff
goods. Worsted damask table-covers are liable to the
woollens duty, while worsted damask in the piece is
free of duty. Worsted and linen hearth-rugs, sealots,
&c., are charged with a duty of 15 per centum as a
non enumeiatedarticle, (by decision of court) while
carpet bags of the same materials are liable to the

this basi-when not a dollar of paper can be found,
we may be '"covered with blessings and benefits;" but
I cannot peceive, as we have descendeil in the scale,
that contracion has brought with it any extraordinary
" blessings and benefits" either to the rich or to the
poor, certainly not the latter, but, on the contrary, it is
epiJcnt to all that it has produced an almost total stag-
nation of busintr. and conseqiueril much distress
imorig tho-e who have to depend on their industry for
[ he Woods, v.ocalists, have gone to New 'York with
the tntintion of returning Inmmediately to England.
While Mrs. W. is uniterally esteemed and sdiired,
h, has an excellent faculiy of rendering himself inost
excceiively disagreeable to all 94tli whom hecomes in
c.ntrt ici The truth is. I behieve, he has a hlille too
much John Bulliarm atoul hum, wi,ch we Brother Jo-
nathars nriever could adimieie Mis WVo.d appeared at
Mia. Batle)'s ii, on Saturday evening, and was
deeply aff.ted by the kind manner in whicel the audi.
ence received her; but he did ilo deem it prudent to
make hi. appearance, and had already taken his depar-
We have as yet no inlbrmatton ol any action ofrour
Legislature consequent upon the suspension, though
we have a rumor that it will be legalized. This, I
presume, will be done, nd the banks authorized to
issue small npioes.
Several merchants from the South and West have
arrived here itlh U. S. Bank notes and drafts on the
Bank, and ifour merchants are wise enough to receive
these atpar, Newv York and Boston may have cause
to regret the course pursued by their brokers awards
the Bank. X. Y.

Ncm Yorft Corresponbencr.

SNcr YoRa, February 9.
Although the fact has not been officially promul-
gated, it is well understood ] here that Robert IH. Mor-
ris was on Friday last removed by the Senate from the
office of Recorder or First Judge of the Criminal
Courts of this city, and Hon. Frederick A. Tall-
madge appointed in his stead. Confirmations usualJr
stand over to the next Exe-niive day, and 1 presume
this change is announced in the Albany Eveniag
Journal of to-day.
The delay in this case has been mainly cause. by
the pertinacious resistance 01of the Lo.o Foco mino-
rity in the Senate, to whom the majority have afforded
every indulgence. Mainly for the vake of delay the
minority moved a reference of the whole matter to the
Attorney General (Willis Hall) for his opinion there-
on. The majority readily consented, anl in due time
Mr. Hall's opinion was received; I have nut seen
it, but I hear that it is triumphant-irresistible in its
support ol th GO rrn,..r's course
iThe Money panic continues here Stocks are all
lower to-day, except.,U. S. Bank, which clk.sed at
28 ,1-2-2 per cent. higher than the closing price yes-
terday. Still, the fall ithmin a few days is tremen-
dous. North American Trust and Banking Company
is down to 24 1-2; Sionington Railroad 07 3-4; Har-
lem 31 3-4; Canton Company -27; Vickaburgh Bank
Domestic Exchange has Improved to-day. On Phi-
ladelphia 4 a 5; Baltimore 31-2 a 4; Richmiond 4 1-2
a 5; North Carolina 3 a 4; Augusta 7 i-2 a 8; Mo-
bile 8a 81-2; New Orleans 5 a 5 I-2, Cincinnati and
Louisville 7 a 8, St. Louis8 a 10, Exchange c.n Eng-
land remains 8 1-4 a 3-4.
There is no fear of suspension here. Our City
Banks are stronger positively than ever before. The
amount ofspeciein their adultss yesterday was $5,504,-
The Newburyport(Mass.) Bank has been stopped
by the Bank Commissioners for some alleged irregula-
rity, but its- friends allege its entire solency. It ba
only $13,000of cash resources in hand, while its liabi-
lities exceed $100,000.
Our rier is still closed above the Highlands, but
theice is too weak I'orcrossing with teams. Great in-
convenience is iell especially al Albany. where the
river Uoften impassable by reason olfunsound or float-
ing ice, and the mails are forcdil I, go round by-Troy,
e miles aboae. The Albanians are resulted on hav-
inga bridge of their own, winch Troy will resialt to
the uttermost. It would embarrass the navigalion to
Produce looks down. Cotton is duft and Western
Flour has been sold to-day for export at 4 75,.
Bulwer's new novel, NIGHT and MOSRNiNO. will be
published next week by the Harpers, anticipating its
reception from England. Itis of ihe Ocreeau x School,
and abounds in passages of irillinrg interest.
The same publishers have in tlreds a mo-t interest-
ing work, embodying the results of Meaors S TEPHENs
and CATHERWOOD'S late exploration of the ruins of
Palenquve, or the vast ruins of an ancient city which
are foundin SouthernMexico, near the Inian village
of Palenque. The engravings for this work aie pre-
paring at great cost in Fr.gland and the book will ap-
pear early in the spring. It will be one of great tiie-
rest. Yours, H.,siLn.

Music AND MAGIc.--The Masters HUGHES, "ill
remain at the Museum, foi three n ghsi m.-re, in con-
junction with Mr. YOUNO, the elkbrited mo.,giitn,
who has been performing before crowded audiences
lately at Baltimore.


woollens duty. Silk twist is free ofduty because our--
Tt- ^ /, ^ .1 Ne'w Series for 1841-T~en copies ftor Ten Vol.
District Court has decided that it is not sewing silk, lars. ono
which is.the only exception in said act. Shawls of
most all descriptions under this act are made free of on the 5th day of December, I1)S4, the subscriber
commenced the publication of a S-..nd .,,rins ol the
duty, because the merchant orders the manufacturer to Lou CABIN-a journal of which from .l,0i.0 up to
make silk the component part ofthe article, and which 80,000 copies were circulated during the Presidentlial
will constitute the chief value. The cotton grower contest of 1840. It will be continued et.r one year
and ma e w1i be be itd a dy be from the date ofits recommencement, and, if tIhen dis-
and manufacturer will be benefitted should a duty be continued, the last number will be delayed a week so
lerded on both silks and linens, as its use would be as- as to contain Gen. Harrison's Annual Message to
tonishingly increased. Congress.
The tariff needs a revisIon iroa, the fact that the The Log Cabin was originally eslabli.hed as an
St d o e t s r o advocate of the principles and m,-a.-ures orl TItONAL
Compromise act omitted to make the same reduction on REORM on which a, iriai.riy tf the People ol the
bounties paid on refined sugar and domestic spirits, ex- Union combined the;r t fftiis and put ortih iheirrt rIng-
ported, as on the raw material when imported. Ithas eat energies to overthrow Ihe ani-repubiicen Admin-
been ascertained that, had the same reduction taken istration of Martin Van Buren 01-f tho.e ptinci-
ples and measuress it remains and will cottlinue an ar-
place in the rate ot drawback, as in the rate of duty on dent, inflexible suppotir It nadJocats a Hritrrnch-
sugar in the raw state, a saving would have been made ment of the National Esperidiiure, a Litmiiaton of
in zone year to the United States of about $80,000 Executive Pasr..nage anj Sway. a rigi.d regard to
Principle in rpmovls fr,,m &n Worth in Aplioint-
in this one point on .uaar alone. rnts to Offiei, Modr.aliun in' he exertiie a o i Pow-
ments t., bjrlice, iModeratto, In, the ever-:ise il Pow-
No United States Bank stock is offered for sale in er, and a pirriarv regard in ill things to the wiahesand
this market. Boston bank stocks stand firm; railroad welfare of the people.
stocks are much soughtjafter, and prices steadily tend- The Log Cabin ig published e'ery Saturday, and
sard e a r t contains--on the 1irst I-age, a condensed account ot
ing upward. :he r.e-t important Dvrba-ei ir Congress and other
------------ Politie.l matter of gerntral inteet; un the second,
9iftlaO ltd COrr^SDOltl C. Editorial slrictures on National puliyv -nd proposed or
-- Tpending Pul,,cal measures, with a summary of Elec-
PHILADELPHIA, February 9, 1841. tots, State- Legi-taton. &c., on the third page, Do-
U. S. Bank stock sold to-day at 30 cash. Exchange maestc and Foreign News, carefully condens-ed and
-dya-0csh xhne lucidly presented o n the fourth page, liitvraty and
on New York from 4 to5 per cent. premium; specie Nihewllaneouis Realings, eilracts triin New Works,
about the same. &c., generally ol'fa olid and practical character Very
As the U. S. Bank now receives only her own :e' Adte-tti.-nierii- iJlal ant y tile be admitted.
n s n e n p n of dt d h All the numbers of The L.-,2 Cabin frinm the comn-
notes and specie in payment of debts due her, they rencemerni of the presentl Serti will be fiiwarded to
will all soon be redeemed, and are now, in conse- new suhsciibers who desire thtm. They contain the
quence, nearly or quite as good as thoseof the other Pre-ident's and Governor' MeNs-ages, thle Official re-
banks. This is a measure ofjustice to the note hol- urn byh Stales and C.:.unites of the late Electi,,n for
Sis a e o t t Pre-ident comp.inared uith Ithose of 183;, a summary
ders and saves them from the tender mercita of he of th-e ebates in Congress, and such other matter
brokers whowouldbe very glad to depreciate thenotes which i, dremed vwothy of prservastnoi. The size
and buy them up a 0tO per cent discount, .f tie pa[ci is not inconeient flor binding.
There was a meeting of the delegates from the dif- Tiic L,, C.BiN i publi.htd every Salurday morn-
t cy ad c y bk o y ing on a lair rolal sheet, and regularly mailed to sub-
ferent city and county banks on M.inal .t-rin;ng, at s-ribers by FPrda'i nmails. It is conipaclly tilled with
which measures were adopted for regulating thebusi- interesting and instrurtlie matter and inttn-led to be
ness of the banks with each other, etnlinig balances, no wise inFerior in interest and 'alute to most of its
nore cileniled co emuporries. It is afforidd to sub-
&c. It was there determined, as I learn, to pursue a scribes at il 510 or the whole year, four copies for
restrictive policy and theitby prepare foray rscaump.tionii File d,,llsrs, or e, copies fbr Ten Dollars To those
at as early a day as practicable. This policy will of who wish no back numbers, nit will be sent from this
course have a tendency to lessen the amount of our tame frish for p 25 a sogle cOlV, or qre Ibr Five Dol-
.. ,. .. lard. S tnscriptions 1 re refiiectlully sub~ciid byv
circulating medium, now nearly reduced to a specie H' oREELEY .
I basis. It-may be that when we get quite down to Feb 1 I, 1-41 -:3w

. .. ... '-A <,^ ^5

liahed and thia lay received, lIr sale by F TAY-
LOlR. Mary lueen of Scotts, a Journal ,,t'fher -20
years Captivity, Trial, and Execution, from State Pa-
rsand Conlemporary Letters and Documents byW.
oa. Walter, author ot the Liife and Tinimes of Sir Thi,-
maa Moore-in two volurrm-s, illustiated with nn en-
graved Portrait, from an original pantin of1 MNary,
now in the Royal Collection in Pari', and aih two
autograph Letters, one written in her seitcenth the
other in her ihirty-si-th year. no' 30)
MISSISSIPPI VALLEY, i-v Timothy Flint,
to which ia adld the Physical G,.otr.,r.hy ol'"lh At.
lantic States, an'd of the" ,hole Continent. Second
edition, in one large octavo volume
A few copies of this valuable work are this lay r,-
ceived fobr sale by F. TAYLOR. Prike 2 '75., p,'itl-
lisahed at 4 dollars no, *J1
L.. 'Budlget 'ofthe Bubble Family, by Lady Lvitun
Bulwer, 2 vols.
Sam Slick on hi, Journey, or the Saving andl Do-
ings of Sam Slick the Cloek Mker, tlhird-ocries.
I-umphrey's Clock No. II.
Are expected this day, and nill ie Il.r sale by P.
TAYLOR, or for circulalion an-i',, the ibseriliers
to the Waverl], Circulating Librory. ntV 2,)
,' ing the conternpor.ary History uf the Nati..ns ,-.f
Antiquity, with .,h.etvat'iora ..n Chronoloal.rIl Er.,--
by Jnshua Toulnun Smith, author of' Smih' pt.g-
resa of Philosarphy aniorg the Ancient.," I tol, price
6-2 cents. Just receitcd, for silL by
nov20 F. TAYLOR.
ChEap--I volume t mo. i'O I ,...ii ni in leiath r,
containing 4132 closely pirnted pages. prr'" '2 cenLs.
dlee 1F. TAYLOR.
THE STATESMAN. 1.., Jihr, HInie,, of Mi,
our Pnnciplesa '. Lei-l.nIation and Laa, I ,.Ilume
o,-tao 1i jus-t published and this ,itv rec ivie.1, Ior sa. le
by F. TAYLOR. -lee I
SrOR HOUSE, N-w York.--Thb un. rr,,m ig-,
tre-peefullyv announce that [lie price, a i hr L.-a
dies' Orinary, ibor each ptoron, will be IT2 [per dy.
Gentlernt-en's Ordinary 2 dlo."
Children under 1-2 years, and -srvanla I ...
'Patlors with private lall4., l;'r e ach
person 3 do.
And I;or the Parl.,r used by the party 3 extra.
Th- suhscnters are really to make arrangements
with ihmilires, for the winter .n reasonable terms.
Single entlemi'e-n a,'orainolalte, with good rooms
by the year, or lorthe winter sei'smn, atfair rates.
The .-us:rlhis h le been informed that Hack
Drincrq iaie reporitl the A.t.r House full," when
tt wa, no: true. Thc'' reports have been made so
"requentlv a. to inducr us now to) refer to them.
We rcknowlediw with gralitu.h. the liberal patron-
age bestowed, andpromise to pay unremitted ilattntinil
to oar patrons
AugI ll-t"
EMOVAL.-J. V, N. THROUP respectfully
tinortrn- his friends and the public generally, that
he has removed his enTigriin office to Missouri ave-
nue, between 41 I--2 and it;ih ire. ts, one rMinute' nilk
from his old triind, vihere .orders fbr (rni.rairg ail
copp.r plate printin.', will tL'. tharJfidlyl r.-ceived and
ptnctually atttenld tI
N B. Orders left at the wat, b-mnialing shop ofMr.
D. FsrrR will be atirndled t.i. aug 23-tf
LLco.nraninng the articles '6,h ,ifl, historical h, it1i h
ha'.- nteii atiracrll at.ertii:.n or those otiginallv ap-
pearing in the Einl.ur' R.'vifw. in--e t"25, kinrr
the productions. ofT Babingiton Nla..aulrv, Ser'..rarv
.tal aitiinl m.-mber of PaurlInit, rnt fr Edlini, ; pni-
ducitons which hape be.:n univerrall] ,lnitr.-,j lbotih in
England and Armerica during the lais tireen ,.-r.- t1rr
Ihfir vivid eloquence, r s..r ,r:I. learninT, amil s[l.tiidur
of illusttation. *2 volumes handsomely printed.
An ailditinal supply this day received, for sale by
F. TAYLOR. Sept 18
pNGLISH BOtOKS-Juit recci,,d, for s.le l.y
Gullivet's Travels, I renvao ..Iuine, em-nibelljih.d
with mtiore than rfrour lunilred beauiial engraved illuo-
Irationis from desigr.s Iy Grandlle.
Chatins Lanmb'ts W.rk coinp.let. in I volunw,,u.
l Illutalrat.-d edition of La Martine's Tr,.els in the
Hulv Land many engraving
The complete works of La'U Marline in Frerch, all in
onee lorge '.vo volurie, Bru;isl's edition.
1Miscellanies o LitLerature, by D'lsraeli, I vol S-o.
Huukp'si HIul.jry ,fRome, 3J %..,s mo.
Ox otbrd Bible's witlh very b1-autirul *iuvIt nTgra ings;
The complete works of Beaumont 'i,d Flether, in
eoclavo vols.
The Dramatic WVoks of Masstnger and Ford,com-
Splete in 1 octavo vol
All the Dramatic WVorks of Ben Johnson, complete
in one volu niectavo.
The Ladies' Flower Garlen, lIv Mr- L,.u,.-,n, one
vol qurrto, filled with pluindidl'y c-.lred groups of
Anil many others, of' liich ,ih.? li hst 'ill be contin-
ued in a subsequent aheriistcment. e[pt 15
NGLISH BOOKS-Ba,'un's Es.;ays and Wis-
domr or ihe An'.'iints, I vol.
Hornet rT.:.oke's Dti-erri.,n- of Parle.yv, new edli..n,
London, I'14i, compl. ie in I vol.
Pull, Ir's Hol,,Iy and Profane State, 1 vol., London,
I ',40.
Chaneip's Can.?rl,.urv Tale, 2 vols.
Enfitield's History uf Philh....ihy from the Earliest
* Periods-new edition, complete in 1 vol. octravo.
Bourienne's Napoleon-i4 vols.
Esa.ys and Selections, by Basil Montagu, 1 vol.
Mhilan's fC':,niplcte Poetical WVorks-3 vols.
Lamarin.'o; Woilki in French, complete in 1 octavo
volume-many engraving.
Sketch. of Popular Tumults, illustrative of the
Evils of Popular Iglnorance--l1 vol.
The complete Works of Charles Lamb i' 1 octavo
History and Antiquities of the Dorcans, by Muller,
2 j.)Is.
Percy's Reliqu.- of Ancient English Poetry, the
whole work complete in I V1ol.
Painting and the Fine Arts, by William Haslitt,
B. R Hayden, I vel
And 'natny ui h:r., just received for sale by
.J.Ibr the voting -The Cli'tldcn', Finai sl Book,
translated I'rom the Fimn,-h of Berquin, author of the
Children's Friend," e ,th engravings.
The (Children's Companion, with engravings, by
the sante author.
The Juvenile Foigt.t Me Not, a Christmas and
Birthilny Souvenir, tbr I1 It.
The Fairy Gifi, a collection of New Jersey tales,
with Iw,, hundred r-noravins.
Fnendvhrp's Otlerut;i, a new Souvenir, for 1841,
l'eauii'ully illustraieil ,and richly bound; and many
others of the san,,. character.
Just reciv:.-.l and for sale at the lowest prices by
oota. ____ F. TAYLOR

MX A RINER'S LIBR ARY, ".,ne octavo volume of
1492 pages, 'ull b,',un~i, v.uh manyengravings,
price 87 tlscs o.f r-markable 'o' au-.,. -hil.wrecks, adventures
at sea, the whale tishery, Skte-hes, &c. &c.
Just received, for sale by
o- 16 F. TAYLOR
T HE PICTORIAL BIBLE. bieini' the Old anl
New Tcstarnenls, a'cnrdlin. t..i the aoth,.rize.J
version. illu-tratei iv mih nidmn honlt.'d wv",'.l C ., re-
presentlie the c' er,t alh, lures, the l.pndsc:,pe e,.n,-, :,ni nn, l-inal ihal \n' .,
or t'rim authentic cor,,'a,.'og, rnd s-ul'iet'l- ..f ,,-
fume anil anLtiqutlie Iron, the l Ii r l .,.'i,Re, to, 1,1 hiih
are add,tI Otrtgiral Notes hieteiy explin,il.,r' 01' the
.ngravinni aid of :uch pai-'a-_Bes c,,imtie,:l, ciill the

hil-tory, gcof r[pi, n,ouural hi~iory, an lIa In i, i .n ,"
Ihe Sacredr .Siti[ture, ai re']ulret,'ib-.rai-n, compint,:
in Ihree beatU lul vitumine-,s, lately tmpor-il tiLo
dinii and fIr sale by F. TAYLOR. oct 2

M .iR. F. C LARBE ha- ihL honor to in.:.rm the
Ladiea and Gentlenin ..f WVasliing;.n and
Georgetown thai his Dancing Aealeimv will re-open
on Tuesday, fictoher i, at his dwelling house, on
Pennsylvania Avenue, oppoite Fuller's Hlotl. and at
Georgetown at tIhe- Unon Hol-, 1, herea a -uwL-rip
llto p 'apr is now ecn'lr. ai -rona.- a suftiel, nt ntibvr
of subhsertli rhll hbe obtained
Huursoftuimion Ior LaJdis, from 3 to 5; Ibr Mas-
tirs, from 5 to0;, and I..r Gerntleminen, from 7 to 9..
N. B. Boardinl schools and seiminaris will be at
tended, ii'rcquire, at both places. sep[t 1-',,v5'v,
t)RD- BAtJ 20N _,S ( K-S aa
T"ORL B AC(N T- 'CiR-k "romplete tin 2lar.
L.ulumes, a beautiful Lon.ln ..hlttri, with a p,>r-
Ir.,ii. A tiew c..,icsjust iniptilI'-d hy F TA UYLOR ;
pi ce t12 dollars, a lo-er price than it has hret,.brt,
beeansold for in the Unit,-jd States. sef.t I 15

-Dr-a any oneknow a neighbor or afriend who
hasi lbeen bald, and whi.fse hiad i nowicovered with
fine hair 1 Onet ,lhsr- coat collr vas c,--red with
,lndlruff, though I rushed c>ery hour-hiirhi has nowv
aniulihed ,nlrirel'% l Or on. whoea hairs rt etrl'. age
w, re lurnino pteNv, 1ho0 rnv ti t10not arcv flnir !
Chuldr ni whose head' erre cov, rod with ,curf,vv hor
hit woulil gr.iw, that Lore now growing the- full-
esl cr.ops %fIhair i Soii.-cas-s iiiUSt Ie kniswn I..i) ost A" k the,- ii,: cais,- andl .,u will I-, old.
these thing, l ti b r,-n ,ln,n' t.3 ti,, it- I ft'l'e BALM
OF CoILUNIMBIA Of *20 vr'.rs ,ruwvth is thtA ari-
cle', its deanit inier,'aHn atninually -.ine.e hundtIred pQi
Crinl,--ttliuu h wg I n dils-e. rei nut .pp.te.ii b ty any
thinj, f.r the sain -purlio-. ir," '.% e'il,-.l byn almost
numnbtrle nn.s i r.ii r..luc ind. i r.| it .elli, th ill ruin
the hliar It us, 1 J is' y c > r' -'111m (':in inor' II r ihese
II.Ct.i be. wanted-refer to the recommendations by a
lit o ,_a' ii, [r-,i-'l .l,th u neiui|lli.l I-,' anr.v other
arti le L..,-k i rhi,-e 'hlrt,.' s -l1 1 tih; 't i..l.- Stay
anit preserve your hail ly it- i-e, ,,r it' I.'d'l i-.toreit.
Lai's, a'ien.l t., this-lhun.lrIl- in fashionable life
art- usai, it a.n their .nl artile really fit for thetoilet.
L..ln, hawr is vi nv apt to i'ill out. Ladies, use the
Bal,i, ofC.,luiml.i in itr. to. iin0 yourselves the dis-
grace of baldness -. n, Xl,, ,.f your persons.
It is your duty, is it,,,rl,.ii ito preserve the beau-
ties ofnatume, with ,libih a bountiful Creator has en-
dowed you-use the Baln, for it will do it.
Several most flagrant attempts have been made to
counterfeit the true Balm of Columbia. Some of the
impostors have gone so far as to counterfeit the splen-
didwrappers, and the Falls of Niagara, and every ex-
ternal mark except the name of Comstoqk,which they
dare not forge.
To avoid impositions therefore, always look for the
name ofComstock & Co. or L. S. Comstock, and ne-
ver buy the article unless it has that name upon it.
Sold wholesale and retail, only at No. 2 Fletcher
street, N. Y.
From the Boston Chronicle of Jan. 10.
We see by an advertisement in another column that
Messrs. Comstock & Co., the Agents for Oldridge's
Balm of Columbia, have deputies to sell that article in
Boston and elsewhere. We know a lady of thibi. city
whose hair was so nearly gone as to expose i-ir, ly
Ih r |,ii i,.l..t.:.,I developments, which, considering
i.-i ii, v I',.-kehi.. a most ainm.;, i-at I, .-ii..ii, was
nm.l Im r ,-alty 1, ry unfortu:i,,.- N'.srieriil. she
mourned the loss oflocks that she had worn, and,after
a year's fruitless resort to miscalled restoratives, pur-
chased, some in..ntl- .'.,,', a bottle or twoof 01,1ril..''4
Balm, and she has ..,-w rl;jnl",t- in rich 1,i'in-i,.
glossy, and of raven ' We are not puffing
-none of the commodity has been sent to us, and, in-
deed, we do not want any, f'.r thu-.h w... .-.l.-.:' .1
to wear awig a year ago, we have nou, tlir,.u, 'h I'-.
virtue, hair enough, and of a passable quality, of our
The Balm of Columbia has been imitated by a no-
torious counteneiter. Let it never be purchased or
used unless it have the name ofL. S. COMSTOCK,
or the signature of COMSTOCK & CO. on a splen-
did wrapper. This is the only external test that will
secure the public from deception.
Address COMSTOCK & CO.
Wholesale Druggists, New York, 2 Fletcher st.
COLONEL SEAVER, Postmaster at Batavia, is
knowing to the fact, that Dr. Bingham, of Genesee
county, aged 70, and for more than 17 years very bald,
has had his hair fully restored by the use of one bottle
of the Balm of Columbia from COMSTOCK & CO.
For sale by CHARLES STOTT,
E. H. & C. H. JAMES,
dec 1-ly Washington City.

ASK, INQUIRE-Ask those who know.-Those
Only who know by trial or immediate observation,
can form any idea of the effects, of the perfect relief,
of the almost charm-like cures effected in cases of the
Piles, Rheumatism, all Swellings, and all external
Pains, no matter how severe, by the use of Hay's Li-
niment. Find one who has used it that will not laud
it to Ibe above'all things ever used, and you will find
-what cannot be found.
For the relief of suffering human beings who may
be afflicted. I beg you to ask-ask of those who
know. Gentlemen know of cases unconquerable by
all other remedies or physicians, though tried foi many
years, that have been cured by the use of the genuine
HAY'SLINIMENT. Thousands of persons know
similar cures. We appeal to their sense of justice-
their human feelings.
It is but a duty you owe to your suffering fellow be-
ing' to let this great remedy be known. Speak of it
ther, to all your friends. This will save much pain
V.h,-rr the ni.; apersrs are not read, or where readers
ate mc reil'.Ii- because so many worthless articles
.are idl.:rtl,-,l t;,r the same purpose. To buyers we
ito illl iIn have used it do not say it is beyond all
prratie, tIhen i,. rnot take it. The proprietor will not
all.-w i lois arti-,l. to be paid for unless it cures, when
all the dilre,-i,..., are fully followed. Will any one
suffering refuse now to try it If he does, he ought
to be pitied more for his obstinacy than his suffering.
Mi. Hays would never consent to offer this article,
were he not compelled by~his sense of moral-or reli-
gious duty-to do all in his power for the victims of
distress and misery. For this purpose he would sooner
devote a fortune, than secure a dollar for any worth-
less iari,'le.
L(A)OK OUT.-Some swindlers have counterfeited
ti,; rti'-le, sad put it up with various devices. Do
r .., iip,. p 1 upon. One thing only will protect
you-it is the name of COMSTOCK & CO. that
name must be always on the wrapper, or you are
cheated. Do not forget it. Take this direction with
you, and i si %y h li, or neverbuy ; forit is impossible
for ,hyv oti, r i' t, be true or genuine.
Sold by COMST'IOCK & CO. 2 Fletcher street,
N. York.
"Caution" is the Parent of Safety.
An attack of the "Piles" may be [..-;t;\sl. pre-
vented by using (when th. ir; ..-in;i..n.r -., .ptoms are
felt) the celebrated HA"Y.S LINMI.IN'l. There
are more than one hundred people in this city, and in
the United States an immense number, who have suf-
fered beyond endurance by this dreadful complaint,
who keep themselves wholly free from attacks by ap-
i.]i, lrV h,- Liniment when they feel any symptoms of
ics approach.: of this there is the most peribet proof.
j1z None genuine without the name of COMSTOCK
& Co., written on the Mtrappers.
FLORENCE, Ala, Sept. 28th, 1838.
A .*,r-il, i.,n of the highest standing in this town,
who has been dreadfully afflicted with the Blind Piles
for the last 26 years, called upon mc and freely con-
fessed to me his situation. After describing the seve-
rity of the complaint, he remarked that he had not been
so well for 20 years past as he was at that moment.
He had used one bottle only of Hay's Liniment. To
use his own words, he saidI," the whole human family,
who were thus afflicted, ,,u.',iit ,, be made acquainted
with this medicine." Siini..l
Mrs. MANWARING, of Jamaica, L. I., has
been under the hands of several physicians for a year
past with an unhealable fever sore on her ankle,
and has been part of the time quite unable to walk,
:, iml -,..i f mill -.I,' has now by the use of two hot-
tit ..I" II .;, Linn.h. nO' been entirely cured. To this
fact Judge Lamberson, and J. F. Jones, Esq. Editor
of the Long Island Farmer, and many theirr citizens
of that town will testify.
An astonishing fact!-Hays' Liniment has now
been used in some thousand cases, and no failure can
be found. It will cure every and all cases of Piles. No
charge without such result.
All must be spurious without the written signature
of Comstock & Co. Look carefully for this, and the
name of Solomon Hays.
Sold at No. 2 Fletcher street, N. York.
For sale by CHAS. STOTT,
C. H. & C. H. JAMES,
dec 1 Washington City.

MR. COOPER'S New Novel, and Lady Bul-
wer's New Novel.
Mercedes, a Romance of the Days of Columbus, in
two volumes, by the'author of The Spy, Pioneers,
Pilot, &C.
SThe Budget of the Bubble Family, in two volumes,
by Lady Bulwer.
Are just published and this day received, for saleby
F. T A Li)R, i-r for circulation along with all other
neu. Bi.,k air-n.-g the subscribers to the WaverlyCir-
eul n-t Lierar
Te-rn,- ill it,.- Library, .5 per r~inum; 3 dollars for
six months, or oni ili r ji:,r 1 iini,' month, dec 1

HI(-UND CANDY, for public ppsaker law-
yers, clergymen, and all others A h,-,i i,,c.- rr lungs
may let- .uulis,: tIu we tkness, ] viU iuiiin or disease.
The ad I, er-,r.r i:.- ni for the patentee, has just re-
re i ain s|.lv oai."f tIe above article, valuable for its
ntediniiml pr[,,n rile-, mi.1 highly recommended by the
lihy-iiann at idie Nuilli for sale (in sealed packages
nly.v) by. F. TAYLOR,
qt 123 Bookseller.

CAL ECONOMY -Speeches of the Rihl
H-,n George Canning, o I ociavo volume of fr'33
page.. conta-ning also hies life and copious extracts
froitI lus wrtings; price l-2
Spo echlies ofr the Riht Hon Will;am Huskisson,
snd the Right Hlon ifr. WVnd lhani, with the life of
ialh. The tvLo contrincd in I volume octavo 616
I,.'d1k ; pric.S ` $l 50., published at 3,50.
Sp. U.b,. ,l" Philips, Curran, Grattan and Emmet,
in 1 oluline o'a o; |iei r 1,.25
Airneric'an (Oar...ri,, or SIectior, from the Speeches
I.a",_e. handoomely b..undl, price $1,25, published
at ,52 5i
Thi motl Ci-lebraled of Chatham, Burke,
andi Erskine, 1 octavo volume ..f 540 pages, hand-
..r.m,1y l,outd for S1,95, published at$3.
And many (thIlirr- .t" ,ihe same class, for sale at the
same low range of prices, by F. TAYLOR.
June 13.
Home's Introduction new and handsome edition,
1840, ,.( ri h',riJoii h II..uLi1, 5 dollars.
Burdler's Pi, ii .%..-'Ln, new and enlarged edition,
o,.,,... tull l.ou ,.lhc,-i phA. r l. 1 -25.
lii, r,,rih's Co'ncordance, ,,.. full bound, $1 50.
Sni r',.'' Ri Ilel'iilunS, compl ie in one volume 8vo.
full bound, $1 25.
Watson's Body of Divinity. 8vo, 776 pte-.. I 75.
Bickerstith's Harmony of the Gospels, 'Ii, cnits, 1
vol. of 420 pages bound.
Hawkes' History of the Prot. Episcopal Church in
Maryland, 1 octavo volume, $1 75.
And many others at the same low average of price.
sept 15
by Mrs. Grey, author of "The Duke."
Humphrey's Clock, number 12.
And the continuation (in two volumes) of Jesse's
Court of E,,,.',n.l und. r ith Stuarts and the Protec-
torate, are iI,,. .1 r, ,'. ,vr,, ibr salebyF. TAYLOR,
or for circulation from the Circulating Library. oct20
in one volume, with many engravings.
Also, second volume of "Ten "TII,..--,r,.I a Year."
Numbers 3 and 4 of Charles O'Mallers, the Irish
Dragoon," with engravings, are this day received, for
sale by F. TAYLOR, or for circulation among the
subscribers to the Waverley Circulating Library.
oct 16
1OCAHONTAS, a Legend, by Mrs. M. M
Webster, just received by F. TAYLOR,
oct. 20 Immediately east ofGadsby's.
AMERICAN ALMANAC, 1841, just received
oct. 20 Immediately east ofGadsby's.
S READING," drawn up at the request of the
Mercantile Library Association of New York. Price
37 cents. Just published and this- day received for
sale by F. TAYLOR.
june 23.
lumes, Paris, I ; with an Introduction and Essay
by M'. Guizot, on the Influence and Character of
W -l.,,.',ion Just imported and for sale by
May, 12. F TAYLOR.

NJRY, 1I. ii,.- -, refutation of the arguments and ob-
jections thlr I',I been urged against the Bible, ar-
ranged and classified in alphabetical order, complete
in one volume of 347 pages; price 62 cents in neat
cloth binding. For sale by F. TAYLOR.
may 21
OVEABLE BINDERS.-For keeping, in a
book-like form, Newspapers, Pamphlets, Let..
tears, Music, or any other papers which should be kep.
in regular order. All the various sizes are just received
For sale by F. TAYLOR,
Immediately east ofGadsby's.
UMPHREY'S CLOCK, Nos 5 and 6. The
August No. of Lady's Book. The Fatalist, or
the Fortunes of Godolphin. 2 vols.
A system of Practical Medicine; Dissertations on
Fevers, and Diseases of the skin. Edited by Alexan-
der Tweedie, 1 vol., just received by
Immediately east of Gadsby's Hotel.
EBSTER'S BIBLE.-The Holy Bible con-
taining the Old and New Testament in the
common version, with amendments of the language,
by Noah Webster-I1 large octavo volume, full bound-
price $2 25 (published at 5 dollars) just received for
sale by F. TAYLOR.
1ULWER'S WORK; Godolphin,' new edition,
J2 vols. Just received by
Immediately East of Gadsby's.
Also, Crowes' History of France, 3 small vols.
Scott's History of Scotland, 2 small vols.
Lee's Geology for popular use, 1 vol. aug 23

J rical, Biographical and Geographical Dictionary,
running from the earliest to the present time, contain-
ing also a complete Chronology and very numerous
illustrative engravings; small quarto, 700 pages, well
and handsomely bound; price only 4. .5-1
sept 15 F. TAYLOR.
RONS. By James, author of the King's High-
way, Richelieu, &c. is just published and expected to-
day or to-morrow, for sale by F. TAYLOR, or for
circulation from his Circulating Library. sept 15
CHOOL BOOKS, Fine Arts, &c. For sale low
by F. TAYLOR, immediately East of Gadsby's.
sept 15

OORE'S LIFE OF BYRON.-Just published
a new edition of The Life of Lord Byron, with
his letters and journals, by Thomas Moore.
As a composition it deserves to be classed among
the best specimens of English prose which our age has
"The Letters, a' least those which were sent from
Italy, are among the best in our language. They are
less affected than those of Pope and Walpole; they
have more matter in them than those of Cowper."
And if the (ji-l...lstorv style of Lord Byron was
artificial, it was rI n.- iiii admirable instance of that
highest art which cannot be ,lsiinin', l>h, .. Iroin na-
ture "-Macauleiy's Miscellani'. -.p i ..s's
Complete in 2 octave vols., iajii,,l...ii>,- ,,hiore, with
portraits. Price $3 25. Just reeevedby
nov. 6 F. TAYLOR.

NEW BOOKS.-Texas in 1840, or the Emi-
grant's Guide, by an emigrant from the United
States, 1 vol.
('trii,.t Applied to Agriculture, by Chaptal,
Humphrey Davy, Professor Renwick, and others,
1 vol.
Armstrong's Treatise on Agriculture, with notes,
by J. Buel, 1 vol.
Capt. Parry's Three Voyages towards the North
Pole, new edition, all comprised in 2 vols.
First Principles of Chymistry, by Professor Ren-
wick, of Columbia Colleme N.Y
Elements of M> tli ,I'i.l......j.l., by Professor Up-
ham, of Bowdoin College.
The Social Destiny of Man, or Association and
Re-organization of Industry, by Albert Brisbane, 1 vol.
Bacchus, a prize essay, on the nature, causes, effects,
and cure of intemperance, 1 vol.
This day received and for sale by
Nov 6 F. TAYLOR.
publishing in Patis, in large octavo volumes,
with very numerous Topographical and Military
Maps and Engravings, dedicated to the Army and
National Guard of France.
C'est la premiere fois que l'on essaye de reunir
dans une meme collection les meilleurs ouvrages qui
traitent de l'art militaire. Ce travail est fait par deux

hommes des lettres; et comme ils ne sont etrangers ni
l'un ni I'autre a la science des armes, ils comprennent
tout ce que cette offre de difflcile."Extract from the
Volume 1. On the Tactics of the Greeks, (Thu-
cydides, Xenophon, Arrianus.)
Volume 2. On the Roman Armies and Soldiery,
Volume 3 will contain The Military Memoirs of
Napoleon. -
To be completed in six volumes, the first and second
of which are now received, and may be examined at
the bookstore of
oct 14 Agent for the Paris Publishers.
M/ ARRYATT'S NOVELS-Cheap.-Captain
J.Marryatt's Novels, ten in number, all contain-
in 2 large octavo volumes, well printed and full
bound in leather; price for the whole B"2 51i, pubil-h-
iv .ri,;nJllI at an average price of $1 50 i r sea'lc
nrcl.- F...rrdeby F. TAYLOR
nov 6

H EALTEI -Many of our h-.Jders no doubt are
possessed with this all iml|orianl blessing, which
they may long retain, it particulti regard rnd care be
paid to thenitselvea that, wlhen.,-ir they i el the least
indilsp.:sed, t, proc ure a proper ,,-.-Jicnle in "due sea-.
s-n.' Bul, on the contrary, we find thousands who
are laboring under disease, and many, we fear, will
prove serious, if not attended to early. Would those
persons resort to the medicine that has established it-
self in thousands of cases, which is DR. HAR-
eminently recommended for diseases incident to the
human race, they would be replaced back again to
"life's sweet th-_sin, ," which is "health." |
We speak from occular proof, knowing, in many in-
stances; where cares have been performed by the use
ofthis medicine, with marked success in various com-
plaints-such as Dyspepsia, Liver Complaints, Rheu-
matism, Pain in the Breast, Side and Back, Costive-
ness, Nervous Weckness, Emaciation, General De-
bility, &c. &c. This medicine consists of two distinct
kinds, viz:-THE GERMAN APERIENT and
IC PILLS, the former to remove bile and all exere-
mentitious matter from the body, thus cleansing, and
purifying the system, after which the latter are used to
give strength and vigor to the weak and debilitated or-
gans, restore the lost appetite, andl produce tranquil
rest and sweet repose. We highly approve of the
"Doctor's theory" of treating diseases, which certainly
is safe and effectual, and advise the afflicted to give his
medicine a fair trial.-Daily Ch-ronicle.
Lii.HTH Street, Philadelphia.
For sale by R. FARNHAM,
feb2.-ly Pennsylvania Avenue.

hereby certify, that I was afflicted for eight years
with a severe nervous disease, attended with constant
pain in the breast, side and stomach, loss of appetite,
no rest at night, sickness and dizziness in the head,
pain in the stomach after eating, and other symptoms
which attend indigestion, my bowels were weak and
rieulrbt. Having had advice of various physicians
,h ring it"f- long period, and used much medicine which
only produced temporary relief. In the year 1839, I
was often unable to leave my house, and being a POOR
WIDOW. dependent on my own labor for ,i lirn.', was
..ligF-.I t.. go from house to house to obIi i1. it I at
Siwingth iv'e up all hopes of recovery, and trusted to
liiii "iiht. created all things." I fortunately was fa-
vored with work in Eighth street, when the family, dis-
covering my miserable situation, immediately recom-
mended Dr. Harlich's Compound Strengthening and
German Aperient Pills, which they procured for me.
I used them, and continued for about three months;
during the time my strength rapidly increased, my
countenance and palid cheek returned to their former
and natural colors. Since I have fully recovered, and
at present enjoy perfect health. I feel it my duty to
inform the public at large of the great virtues ot Dr.
Harlich's medicine, that others may procure it, and be
likewise cured. I am well known in this city, any
person wishing to see me, can call at my residence.
Jackson at., back of 144 Poplar Lane.
VF Principal Office, No. 19 North Eighth street,
Philadelphia, where testimonials may be seen.
Also, for sale by R. FARNHAM,
feb 2-1y Pennsylvania Avenue.

MEDICINES.-The following certificate was sent
by Mr. E. B. Hinman, Agent at Cincinnati, Ohio.
There can be no mistake in it, as the parties are well
known:-" Mr. Ezekiel Rigdon, of Anderson Town-
ship, Hamilton County, Ohio, was several days trou-
bled with Bilious Affections, Acidity at the Stomach,
attended with the usual symptoms of Dyspepsia, and
having made trial of medicines without finding relief,
was cured by the above medicines."
Cincinnati, June 30th, 1840.
YET LATER.-Mr. Vance, of Washington
County, writes as follows:-Dear Sir,-Dr. HAR-
LICH'S PILLS are performing some of the most
wonderful cures in this vicinity ever heard of. They
were introduced -here about six months ago, by one
of my neighbors, who bought half a dozen packages
from the Pittsburg office. I am aware of four cases
in this place where complete cures have been perform-
ed, one of severe Rheumatism, two of Dyspepsia, and
one of a most shocking and aggravated Nervous Com-
plaint, of ten or twelve years standing. I send you
enclosed five dollars; please to forward PILLS for
that amount by the bearer, William Ward.
July 27, 1840.
N. B.- The above certificates, compared with the
very many already received, certainly must convince
those similarly afflicted, that they can yet be relieved
by the use of these invaluable medicines.
street, Philadelphia.
TRUTH WILL PREVAIL.-Dr. Harlich's me-
dicines are daily increasing in public favor, and want
from any but a fair trial to establish their worth. We
have a communication in our columns to-day from a
person long afflicted, which is but one of many
vouchers for this medicine.-Spirit of the Times.
For sale by R. FARNHAM, Pennsylvania, Ave-
nue. feb. 2 ly

Dr. HARLICH-Dear Sir: Having been for a
number of years exposed to the hardships of the river,
in my occupation as boatman, finding my bodily con-
stitution giving way to the enchantment of disease.
I put off applying for aid, however, from time-to-time,
until I became alarmed. My appetite failed, and a
degree of weakness was apparent; my bowels very ir-
regular, mind fluctuating, head light and unsteady,
pain in my side and breast, bad taste in my mouth, &e.
In this state I labored for a length of time, when I at
length noticed the virtues of your medicine in similar
cases, and was induced to use it, which I am happy to
inform you that a cure was the final result. I sulemn-
ly declare that Dr. Harlich's Compour -Il .Sr. ., -'.,..
ing and Aperient German Pills, have he"', it, 11. ,r
of restoring my health, and therefore believe them
worthy of public confidence, where medicine is neces-
sary. Truly yours, &c.
Signed, E. STREETER.
Pittsburg City, Jan. 14, 1841.
N. B. The above case is worthy of public confi-
dence, knowing all contained to be facts. The medi-
cine alluded to, is doing much for the benefit of suf-
fering humanity in this city and it.i:'l-i."'in- States,
being an eye witness of many case, m-i I'
41 St. Clair street, Pittsburg, Pa.
Principal office, 19 North Eighth street, Philadel-
phia. Also for sale by R. FARNHAM,
feb.2,ly. Pennsylvania Avenue.

wish to inform the afflicted, through the medium
of the Public Press, of the wonderful efficacy of that
truly valuable new "discovered Medicine,' viz Dr.
feel and consider it my duly, in order that others may
receive relief from the same source. For two years 1
was subject to that peace destroying disease, DYS-
PEPSIA ani its accompaniments, OBSTINATE
CONSTIPATION of the Bowels. Flatulency,
pain in the side and stomach, sickness in the head, &c.
and used medicine until I began to think there was
no help for me; I had little faith in "published reme-
dies" until I called on some of those who have been
cured by the above medicine, which induced me to
give it a trial. I procured the medicine and used it
for three weeks, when my health was entirely restor-
ed. It is now about three months since I quit using
it, and no return of the disease or its symptoms r .i'peir-
intg, I feel warranted in adding my testimony in -,,'
of others, before the community. Accept my best
wishes, and believe me ever yours, &c.
January llth, 1841. Pittsburgh City.
3.-t00l'.'-e alnd t. neral Depot, No. 19 North Eighth
'r,-t, PI,h-ieiplii, where the most respectable nre-
O'r ni i- 1.1 It.,..n will be given, in favor ofthis valu-
able medicine. Also for sale by R. FARNHAM,
Pennsylvania Avenue. feb.2,lyJ
il/ ORE PROOFS of the efficacy of Dr. Harlich's
ILV Compound Strengthening Tonic and German
Aperient Pills. Mr. James Perot, Schuylkill Third
street, cured by the above medicine. His symptoms
were pain in the stomach after '.,lini loss of appetite,
pain in the side and breast, -irt, n,.|, with a hacking
cough, costiveness, anil m iy" olh.. r sensations not es-
sential to mention. Hlie i ,illin.- to give any satis-
faction to any inquiring -rsnii .I the wonderful ef-
fects of the medicine. For sale at No. 19 North
Eigtbh stmr-t Also, for sale at the Bookstore of Ro-
L.-r it [a rnhainm, Pa. Avenue, Washington'city.
ap 2-ly
I tiful likeness, by Fenderich, just published, is
thisaday received, for sale by F. TAYLi0R, price 75
cents, lo., thb-i with a large collection of strikim i like-
nesses ,.-f ,.timr Public Men, embracing alof-all ..If
any eminence, taken directly from life by Ih sanme
artist. "june -25

A consolidation of Budel's Cultivat.or and the Genesee
WtILte GAYTLOh & i 11rtlL'C uTuaCKat, Enicroas
Prospectus of Vol. 8, for 1841.
THE Cultivator was established to improve and
elevate the Agriculture of the country ; to iite a
proper tone to the morals and mind of the farmer; to
show him theili,;nity anid it]'..N.|., o;l'hi profession;
tostore his min,,l iitli uiCl'ul kn'.i. I and eoin,'e
him that while all classes are and must be More tr r'I-
dependant on each other, he alone of the whole can
make any near approach to independence. If there is
one thing more than another, which in this country
gives a man superioril .:'er hi- feillovw men, il is
knowledge; and this kn,,:, leih., .--kn.vle'.l-e which
is as essential to the sue.-cs' ,.'.,l,' "rneIt uoi L- tbLlter
men,-it is the design tihe t-'ulhiat.,r IIaidl in im-
[,aI ...TI I
rrh. volume for 1840,is filled, nirel- wilh original
communications, embracing art., Ic- 1'ito ab..IIt Ji1ii
Correspondents, from almost evei) .ii,- in lihs Union
If an increase of subscription beyond any precedent
in the history of A_'rioult u r l Ji,n.inals,-if the almost
unanimous voice .'t the |ieubll 'i .1-s in our favor,-if
the multitude of pri %-ie ',.1i il-sit' rn ; l,.im ii,,i:,l-n we
have received, ',lded to a circulation amounting ili,
first year to twenty-two thousand, may be admitted as
evidence, then we have certainly :ii'st rl'unildant rea-
son ,i.,'- ',i iifl,-.l with thesuccess wi ich h1,,Idel
the iini.n, ithr -'ultivator and Genr.. rrnm r Ni)
expense has been or will be spared to render the Culti-
vator worthy (if iT,..ari,..r.eii.- t1 las received. In the
number, variety% an,,l ,'i IIin.'.-, .f its Illustrations, it
is without a rival at home or abroad, the last volume
being embellished with nearly one hundred engrav-
ings, illustrating the improved breeds of Horses, Cat-
tle, Sheep, Swine, Buildings, Implements, &c., mak-
ing the Cultivator, all things considered, it is believed,
the cheapest Agricultural paper, ever published in this
or any other country.
TERMS-One Dollar per annum-Six copies for
$5--the money to be remitted in advance, free of post-
age. A commission of 20 per cent will be allowed to
Agents who obtain M25or more subscribers, and 25 per
cO-" i i..- .,.0 1..1,in 1101) or more. All subscrip-
ti r-'r,mm, nee C t ith, ; % ine.
P--tmairhii ,.r-I ,it'enh iii-n disposed to lend their
inrtlent i. iid I. i" u- ,1"X A,' tllirr, are resp'ct-
fully requested to a-it .-' t,-cni- AlIr,.-
Publishers of 1hs Cultivator, Albany, N. Y.
dec 17

for 1841, (the twelfth volume of the series,) contains
its uscal amount of valuable commercial, political, sta-
,I-tiil and scientific information. It is lately received
.r i|h by the subscriber, price $1, and can be sent
through the mails, at a trifling expense, to any part of
the country. A few complete sets, now scarce and
difficult to be procured, owing to the constantly in-
creasing demand for the work, may be had atthe origi-
nal price, by applying to
dec 15 F. TAYLOR, Bookseller.
0 THE PUBLIC-The proprieior of the Wash-
ington Museum, after a year s experience, finds
that with the present number of subscribers the great-
est exertions and the most rigid economy, he has beer
enabled to keep the establishment open. During which
time bythe kindness of many citizens, he has nearly
doubled his collection of curiosities, which is now but
little inferior to many Museums in the larger cities.
He therefore hopes that the present and many other
subscribers will contribute their assistance and thus
enable him to double his exertions; and in a fewyears
this city will have as good a Museum as any in the U.
The public are respectfully requested to call and
judge for themselves.
Open from 9 A. M. till dusk every day.
N. B. A person will wait on subscribers and others
for their names.
The Hall of the Museum always in readiness for
Balls, Concerts and Fairs, &c. at the shortest notice.

EORGIA ILLUSTRATED in a series of views
of Natural and Public Edifices. Published in
quarto numbers, each ,'.,mtliini-, 3 large engravings.
he first number of the above is this day received by
F. TAYLOR, who will receive subscriptions for the
work-price $5 for 12 numbers, dec 19
PRESENTS, in great variety, for sale by F.
TAYLOR, many of them just unpacked, comprising
the best works for youth, of Miss Edgeworth, Mrs.
Hofland, Miss Leslie, Peter Parley, Mary Howitt,
and many others. Juvenile Souvenirs, Drawing
Books, Albums, Port-folios, colored Toy-books, Gold
and Silver Pencil Cases, Ladies and Gentlemens
Penknives, Illustrated Books of Travels, richly bound
and embellished editions of the most esteemed authors
in Poetry and Prose, Pocket Books, Caid Cases, La-
dies and Gentlemen's Writing Desks, Bibles, Prayer
Books, Annuals, &c. &c. at unusually low prices.
dee 19

"It only requires to be known to be certain of support."
[A general exclamation.]
T HE unfortunate are respectfully informed that
the Albany Lock Hospital, established and mo-
delled after the much celebrated European Lock
Hospital, has in t.v rs -.;r,'-e been founded at Head
Quarters, No :t N. r..n -mr t, Albany, N.Y. To
those unacquainted with this institution, it is necessa-
ry to mention that it has for its object the cure of all
such diseases as syphilis, scrofula, strictures, diseases
of the urethra, lumlago, flour albus, impotency, dis-
eases of the womb, seminal weakness of both sexes
nodes, caries of the bones, gonorrhoea, gleets, with all
venereal complaints, &c.
Persons, ignorant of the nature of Disease, are not
aware that many stages mark its progress from the
commencement to its full development, ori.,.n;ri"r-- in
a most simple form, and through neglect or injudicious
treatment, assume a more aggravated state of disease,
and occasion abscess, ulceration, pseudo syphilis, can-
cer, premature old ase. too -ften enin- in a protract-
ea incurable state (.i ,ii-er J.I.-1 t-ir. m-
This institution is under the superintendence and
management of Professor COOKE, M. D., D. D.,
LL. D., of the city of Albany, N. Y., who will give
his personal attendance at the Dispensary, attached
to the Institution, at all hours to invalids requiring his
professional services. He having had much more
experience in this branch of medical practice than
usually falls to the lot of any one member of the pro-
fession, therefore feels such confidence of his ability
to give universal satisfaction, that he assures all appli-
cants, none need despair of a complete recovery.
The unfortunate therefore, who have suffered from
the want of success by those less experienced, are in-
vited to visit the Hospital, which only requires to be
known to be sure of support, where the most perfect
secrecy may be depended on, and the utmost privacy
will attend those who call. The whole house is ex-
clusively appropriated to the use of patients, who will
always be received into separate apartments, and at
no time, unless at the request of the patient, will a
third party be permitted to be present.
Professor Cooke'has a number of handsomely fur-
nished private chambers, at No. 33 Green street,
where he will receive ii-, n who may require,
medical aid. Residing i,,,-.-If .,n the premises, he
will thereby be enabled to dedicate more than ordina-
ry attention to his patients. Gentlemen will find it
both convenient, as well as economical, in all cases of
disease, to retire to these furnished rooms.
The Pectoral Essenc.- "' ie '. ueni,,r., Ilv known
as an r . I]. ...I I no.Ji. in." r |p, ir.-, .,t thisin-
stitutien lt-. t-lie-e.\ ... it l d.-d,,l.,J' superior to any
specific extant, , i-r[v i I.t,- recommended in all
cases of coughs, co'l-1, c-.ii, croup, hooping cough,
as well as in all complaints of the chest and lungs.
Travellers, therefore, ministers of liir, orators
public speakers, and families, should never be without
their abundant supplies.
As I'on.' as Prfi; -,,r CooKE desires to benefit the
public,t i -proper he should continue his advertise-
ment, for the good of strangers, as it is well known,
people are extremely shy in speaking of cases of a
delicate nature, even where a physician is pre-emi-
nm successful.
('"i,,ini,-.,ii..hi, postpaid, to the address of Pro-
fes-.r f- .-,-. N M D, D. D., LL. D., Albany, N. Y.,
enclosing a bank note as ,--..unv.. Ihr.i fl'- will have
attention-(none others will be received)-or a per-
s.,nial .,-ioul i.;in in ,vy be had at all times as usual, at
ihe Dsti., nr,t.:r -iVli-h is properly fitted up and ar-
iang-.d wiih >in,- .ait offices for confidential inter-

;,-Counselling fees and charges reasonable.
O,. No. 3 Norton street-House No. 33 Green
street, Albany. mar 3 tf
SECOND Ni. -."i MNrir Hunhrl'.s l.ek.L t.y
k Boz, just received, for sal b F. TAY' LOR im-
mediately East c-f G,dull,v'1. ll,.,t'l mIay. 19
ARRIAGE, a Nuv.,1 ano The Inlitril.nee, a
Novel, by NMi,; Ferriar, auth...r ol Deinrv"-
the two contained in one,, ,ie',-,., lume Prc' l;ir
Ihe nliol.- one dollar. The -arie hooks Imiaing s.jlJl
her, rulre at two dollars for one, art, one dLollar fil't.y
for the other. For sale by

(logelher with ,uuch other uzerul matte) the ma-
jorities in evi-ry coirnly in the United States at the
last election-25 cents.
Gouna s History .n" Paper Money and Banking in
thie LI nitrd States- 25cenr..
Goiuge Ls Inquiry into the expediency of dispensing
nith bank agency' tinl aIsnk iaper in the fiscalconcerrin
of the Iurt.'Il aSiat,,s--25cents
Holl.nI d Lilfe and Poltial Opinions of Martin
V'.,n Bucii e teliet.n of 135) one dlullar.
C..n.l, Rtguti's Tra.tici- on Curiency andil Bank-
ing, it-W and imprined edilion, it the riauced pIice of
SI 25.
RII]ti. is '" Free Tradi Advocate," -2 vols.
Ra._ti-t's "' Exanin.r,- I vol.
Fors-ideby F TAYLOR.
Subscriptilmnb taken Io the Demiocrali' Review
(m..,ilhl,r fil 1iJlars per annum,) andil to Bron-on's
i B...-I. t.r Louarlerly Re in ," lihree dollars per an-
nuoi i june I

ille in nine voluri.:s. t hie ninth just published
by ,mIl-,r olf .'ormresa.) ar, fIor sale low- a -ingle copy
only flirsle .by F. TAYLOUR.
Sti 11I.LER'S WORKS, in German, coinml-le in
-' I 1 rr.:- oi.eau o volumes.
Thl, 'i.iilI.ite works of Lamartine (prose and poeti-
,'ali u Frenhli. All in one large olumrne, Brussels
-di..n utill nuianm t,,_i, aings
Chanson's de Beranger, in Cour pockliet volumes,
Brussels edition.
Gil Bias (in one volume octavo) Ornae de 600 Vig-
nettes par Gigoux. Price $5 50.
Don Quixote, in French, Viardots translation, '2
vols. octavo, containing one thousand vinnette's and
beautiful t-r graving., il I
And i in:,ny ohlc r'Irerih books, jut innpacIed] by
** Books imported to order frout London and
Paris. june *23

L published (1840) and thi-. d, received, giving
a complete and full account, and g.'neral history ana
description of the nations, countries, cities, seas, 'ers
lakes, canals, mouJnl,ins, ,ol'hanoes &' in the know
world, with the .'.,veriiient, nianners and custonnis
arii rt iIi-.n naItiri hi, o'tin 'rd pedluetions, trades
,,iilU' ,iulf tLUNe eui O SI illi,' tdli sit,.', ,A ,l' each, llus
treated with very niltiruus en-,T',,ings, &I a Dic
tionary ofCommtrnc The whole re,nTndelled, and lthis
historical and statistical department troug'uhl down ic
the present time; complete in one rictav"0ol of mt44
pages-for sale by F. TAYLOR.
june 18
A new and beautiful iditioni, printed on fine
paper, with a portrait of the auntlhor-,:-, of the com-
plete Works of Mrs. Hemans, with a Mermioir hy her
sister, and an Essay on her Genius, by Mrs Si:,oir-
ney, in 7 royal 12mo volumes, handsomely bound in
embossed cloth or in extra binding.
Also, just published, the complete works of Lord
Byron, published in a style similar to the above, in
i.hlit beautiful volumes, large tviie.
Also, Memoirs and Letters .l' Mlad.cune Malltran,
by the Countess De Merlin, 2 vols.
This is the only complete edition of the Works o
Mrs. Hemans, and contains many new poins, tog.e-
ther with other matter not embraced in any ot her t.c
tion of her works. Among the new poem.- will.
found De Chartillion, a tragedy, A TiIle lof Ihe Se-r
Tribunals; Superstition and Rvlhion, A Talc 0i
the Fourteenth Century; Se.m crund Pa",aneI fronm
Goethe; Selections from Juven-ile Poemsr; 'Enlranl
and Spain, and Wallace's Invocation I., Bruce. Just
published, and for sale by
ap 24 F. TAYLOR.

LIVER COMPLAINT.-Thus disease only
terminates in another of a more serious nature, if
proper remedies are not resorted to in time. Inall
forms of this disease, Doctor HIa, ,'te' Comp,.urid
Sirergtlii-ninr. and German Apetricnt Pills, ill per-
form a perfect cure-first by cleansing the stomach
and bowels, thus removing al diseases fronm thie lier
by the use of tI.- G,-rm-n Apert. nt Pills, after which
the Compound Sntrengilieni,, Pills an- taken t1. gi%
strength and tone ,I, tthue t3 inder organs which re-
quire such treatment only to effect a ise.rnant cure
These pills are nearly put up in small packages, with
full directions.
For sale at N'o 19 N.-nrih Eighth street, Philadel-
phia, and at the "booketorc of Rotert Farnham, Penn-
sylvania Avenue, may 9
_hicp, last Iedition, I4-li, large octave ti30
cloi-sely pnrmit- pay.-, ith two hundred Frcgravingpa,
e.,nlaininm al,... a t-'trnm.rci.s Dictionary and much
other il'seful an,] aluable niatller not usually conlained
in wn.rks ..f Iliin cls handsomely printed, nn- large
olunte it. frill leather binding F-r sale by F TAY-
LOR, Ior 02 '75, 1 published al t55.) nov ii
UMPIHREY'S CLOCK, Nsa tO and 11. NIo.
"2 oiC'harl,-s O'MNlaly, the Irish Dragoon.
Ten Thousand a Year, in 2 ciols.
Howard Pinckn'.-y, a novel, by the author of" Clin-
ton Bradshaw," &c.
Just received, for sale by
A EASTERN BlOUNDARY-Now on the way
from New York and titqted th.-,day
F. TAYLOR in .ne, ilume octao, with an ap-
pendix and eiiht maps Th, Right ,l' the Unittd
states tothe Territory 'laimitid by them, prin,'ipallv
extracted from ,he tl:,i, ni.nt laidu bel.iie the King of
the Netherlandsanc rk ,sed ty Albert Gailatin "
Also, The Seh.,ol ufor P:.h-tirian., or Non-com-
mittal," a comedy in fi'e ai.s, translated fro,,nm these
French of Scribe. nov '24

CHARTISM, by Thomas Carlyle.-"It never
smokes but there is ire "--0/ld Prorerb.
Just published, and 1 hie lay recrieed, Ir sale byV
Also, Carlyle's Life of Schiller, with an examina-
tion and extracts of his works, 1 vol Goethe's ntiel
ofWilhelm Meister, lrans4tirel by ('nrlyle; ('arlyle's
French Revsluti...n, a hti'iry, in 3 olumei
Will l'e r.' in aday or two'"N Misccllaries, 'in
4 volumes, and Sartor Resartus," in I voluine, my
the same author, nov .4

N 1\'T A l. t i RN IT'H ILOGY OF THIE U.
Land Birds, in one novel of 830 p-e-
Water Birds, in one volume of Gti'. ages, by The.
Nutall, A. M.; F. L. S.
Eaton's North American Botany, ri-murinising the
native and common cultivated Plants, n,rth ol" Mehxi-
co, yel'.u.,i arran.,'. according; to the arhfictl snd na-
tural ii, Ih,_-,l. En-hi-li -dlitloi I1-4I1, wilh ajdilt,,n
by Pr..,lM-,oi WVruhl
The Complete Grazier, or Farmers' and Cattle
Breeders, and Dealers' Assistant. 1 volume octave,
London. Just received, for "sle. by
nov 24 F. TAYLOR.

THE subscriber respectfully informs his friends and
the puhilt eon,.r., Iv, uiht he ha- ;u-t receive-d a
fresh supply ii'" L:-lies aknalkin-i Shois- anil SIl[.crt-
Also, -' l.w eas.s uer, lh itian'i fine [1rees Boots
Also, a iw c'i's ,..- nil. ni-ne's Harriun Boot,
which he will sell cheap for cash.
A few doors west 'f Mr John WVaters', and
nearly opposite R. Fainhn'ia Staltiner' Store
nov 17-tf
R EMOVAL.-Mr. and Mrs. SANTaeoerN o have
removed to the house of Mrs. Gasawavu aorn, r
of Pennsylvania Avenue and 10th street, where a
ion',rn _..' ik.,r L ,]1ss, ansl new ecitnirng ,:ha.s, f,.r
(t.rri he n .'.re n--v' fbrluiiit. r the study oit'h," French
anjt uruislh lain ]i:os,-s Incltruti'l,[n given io the
former also in the Italian anil Latin lianrungee, ani in
the En,,ii.h bt:n.,:hh. -, Pei'iianshup, aoi n or,
Piani ir (-,tiir Prsate ]eseorms ilt ni at the dcl .-I-
lingsof pupils if desired I'raniationlatn .iJe with
exactness and despatch.
Oct 6-6t.

' R.\;GUET -New atl inipro'..dedJlt..n, al a re-
ilu -' l t'ri',, i. |-t puului| cel andl thisi la received, for
salt 1.% F FAYLOlR, wheh.. 1.r ste ea olke'tion af
0l,' bAot nv...rl:s on r'urrenev and Finance, and all
oth--r Inrrn'h, of Politi" 1 Kenrnmy, more complete
in,] ext. usie thin 'an ine fb-und c-ls-chere inr tIhe
IcJnrd, Sltlra ,11 I'.i r ..le at thre lone-N ri,'e3
T RHE BRITISH DRAMA, in two large ,eltan
,,ilun,'s ofl'.-ighil hiunlre-, paces each, well print-
e-d an] hand.,mnrly boundi, wvith Pnraitigs, contain-
inmg, ie hiu.-ie, ..'f ihe b.;l ,lav s in the lanLtua.-,
.exelu.din. Sh.ik-prare's l price for thea set four dol-
ais, eltui.iaent to I c--nis for rach play .tnt re.
Cikel t by F TAYLOR.
L Geu. W Burnap, I volume, price one dollar.
lu'2 t received, fer rale by
,-ct 20 F. TAYLOR.