Tillage, planting, and harvesting equipment on grain farms and rates of doing field work with these implements when draw...

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Tillage, planting, and harvesting equipment on grain farms and rates of doing field work with these implements when drawn with horse and with tractor power
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Mixed Material
Creator:
Washburn, Raymond Secord, 1887-
Merrick, Della
United States -- Dept. of Agriculture
United States -- Bureau of Agricultural Economics
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s.n. ( Washington, D. C. )
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UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
Bureau of Agricultural Economics


U~tV OFJL LI
D.CU.MNS DEOIPT


I U.S DEPOSITORY


TILLAGE, PLANTING, AND HARVESTING EQUIPMENT ON GRAIN FARMS

AND RATES OF DOING FIELD WORK WITH THESE IMPLEMENTS

WHEN DRAWN WITH HORSE AND WITH TRACTOR POWER

(Northern Great Plains and Pacific Northwest)









By R. S. Washburn, Assistant Agricultural Economist,

and

Della Merrick, Senior Clerk


Washington, D. C.
December 1936




































STATI'1:T OF COOPERATION AID ASSISTANCE
Thanks are extended to the many grain fac.,ers through whose
courtesies thj securing of the field data was made possible.
For assistance in collecting the field data the authors v-ish
to tIhEn!: the following:
Kenneth H. MUyors and Nathan Koffsky of the Bureau of
Agricultural Economics.
Williean I. Edens, Morgan C. RLochest"cr, H: nry M. Pevehou.se, ,
Cruz Vcnstrome, Dale C. Kieffor, Fay A. Given and Harry P.
'tc.rtkermoicr, temporary employees of the Bureau of
A.-ricultural Economics.
|i
i


n<*






I%



TILLAGE, PLANTING, AID HAVESTINIG EQUIPMENT ON GRAIN FARMS
AD RATES OF DOING FIELD 'ORK '7ITH TiESE ITPLEi-ETS
"HEN, DRAWII 'IT'-i HO-SE A'D JITH TRACTOR PO"'R
NORTHERNN GREAT PLAINS AND PACIFIC NORTHWAEST)




By R. S. Washburn, Assistant Agricultural Economist,
and Della Merrick, Senior Clerk, Bureau of
Agricultural Economics






CO! TENTS
Page : Page
Introduction .... 1 : Rates of doing field work with
Topography, soil, and type of : i-iplements of different kinds
farming .. 3 : and sizes when drawn with
Kinds and sizes of field equip- : horses and with tractors 42
ment 6
ment 6




INTTRODUJCTION

Successive years of low firm incomes have seriously reduced the
resources of many farmers in the spring wheat regions of the iorthtrn Great
Plains and in the Pacific Northwest. Because of the need for adjustments
in the organization and operation of grain farms in these. regions anr1 in
the light of changing economic conditions information with rcf,.rence to
farm organization and farm practicc.- w0s obtair._d.

The study was made in April, MIay, -nd June of 1934 and for the most
part 9ppliks to the crop year 1933. The fibld data were obtained by
personal interviewswfl 1,674 form operators in grain-nroducinr :revs of
the Northern Great Plains Fnd the Ptcific NorthwEst. The flrirling -areas
surveyed r-s shown in figure 1, '-re those outlined in United States Depart-
ment of Comrrm)rce, Bureau of the Census Bulletin "Types of FIrming in th.
United St tes, 1930". The fvrrmers interviewed g-ve dut- iled infornihtion
on the org' nization end operr-tion of their faris, such as ncre'.ge of wheat
r-nd other crops grown; o history of crop yields over n period of yt.rs;
the practices employed in the production of vi'hccet -.nd othbr crops; the
numbers and kinds of livestock; th; kinds -nd quantities of livestock
products; an inventory of the. kinis nd qa-'.ntity of equipment on the farm;
the duty of f,.rm mLchinery und the cost of operating power equip-nant.

As the study -imed to sho-.: the methods of Fro-ing -.nd harvesting
crops particularly -heat, the sample of farms may show a larger acreage of
wheat and a higher proportion of the land in crops than would a county
average. No particular effort was aiade for :,ny other selection, however,
and it is believed that the records obtained arc typical of grain farms in
the typc-of-far-iing ar-as studied.








































U S DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE NEG. 31921 BUREAU OF AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS
FIGURE I.- TYPE-OF-FARMING AREAS WHERE STUDY WAS MADE OF TILLAGE, PLANTING AND HAR-
VESTING EQUIPMENT ON GRAIN FARMS. (AREAS ARE THOSE OUTLINED IN UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT
OF COMMERCE, BUREAU OF THE CENSUS BULLETIN "TYPES OF FARMING IN THE UNITED STATES,1930").









In certain sections of the Northern Great Plains, particularly western
North Dakota, eastern Montana, and in many areas of South Dakota, conditions of
extreme drought prevailed in 1933. Because of the small harvest reported in
these drought areas the harvest work done with power equipment was abnormal.
The use of equipment in a normal season rather than that reported in 1933 has
been used.

In many are&s the use of large scale power equipment was common and con-
stituted a l-.rge part of the farm expense. For this reason a series of reports
dealing with farm equipment is being published.

The purpose of the present report is to make available e to research workers
and others, information relative to kind, size, and accomplishment of field
implements on representative grain farms. The first part of the report gives
numbers and sizes of field implements by type-of-farming areas. The second part
of the report shows the rates at which these implements did. field work when drawn
with horses and with tractors. The other publications in the machinery series
are:

1. Utilization of tractors End cost of tractor power on grain farms
(Northern Gre--t Plains and P-cific No.'thwest, 1133).

2. Utilization of combined harvester-threshers and cost of harvesting
s"iall grains with a combine (Northern Great Plains and Pacific
Northwest, 1933).

3. Cost of operating farm motor trucks on grain farms (Nortncrn Great
Plains and Pacific IIorth"-.cst, 1933).




TOPOGRAPW, SOIL, A-D TYPE OF FARM II;G

Physical conditions in the type-of-farming areas in the Northern Grulat
Plains, where the study was made, er favorable to the use of medium to large
equipment drawn rith tractors. The prevailing topogrPeny in the farming areas
is level to slightly rolling. The soil types rgngc from s-ands to cleys. Although
the proportion of the crop :-reo utilized for the production of different crops
varies to a considctruble extent in, as well r.s between, th; sever: l type-of-
farming areas, the agriculture of the r.-gi n may be classified 5s a casn grain
type oc fTrming ',ith -*heat tho mrjor crop (t':ble 1).

A cl-ssificntion of the crop ,re..s of the region indic-tes th.t proaor-
tionately more of the crop acreage '.'rs devoted to small grains aind summer follow
in central end western Mont'.n; Fnd in southocstern Wyoming th'n in the other
type-of-farming nre-s studied. In southcst,.rn '.Vyonina about 15 percent of the
crop area tus devoted to corn. Here, as well as in M.ontan-, few crops other
than small grains were grown. From ".-cst to e'st -. rtether decidedd ch' ngc in
cropping practice began to 2ppe;_r. Inster.d of .,'he't being alternated Jwith sum-
mer fanllo;, the common pr-ctice was to grow v/heL t in combination -:.ith corn, oats,
and barley, particul-:rly in vwcsturn. Minnesota and eastern north and South D-ikotn,
the greatest concentration of corn acreage being in southwestern i1innesot3 and
in central and -esturn South Dakota. A considerable potato acreage was g-rown
on some farms in northwestern tlubr'-ska and in western Minnosot:.. Otsitr crops












Table 1. Crop area per farm by type-of-fanning areas, Northern Great Plains,
190%
State and : : Farm : Crop area per farm _____ _
type-of- : area : : Small :
farming Farms : per : Row : grain : Other : Summer : Idle : Total
area : : farm : crops : crops : crops : fallow ::
Number: Acres: Acres : Acres : Acres : Acres : Acres : Acres
Minnesota :
225A :. 45: 364 50 212 58 22 : 3 : 305
226 : 16 297 11 91 53: 4 1 : 160
225D : 20 596 23: 825 56 27 : : 331
227A : 25 294 82 142 21 : : 245
227B : 29 245: 71 114 12 : 31 : 201
North Dakota: : : : : :
225B : 12 592 18 270 87 68 1 : 445
173 : 54 550 26 289 27 37 : 7 : 386
174 : 52 559 65 267 29 14 : 375
168 40 639 3: 779 45 83 1 : 511


169
172
170
171
136
159
166
South D-ikota
181
182A
174B
180
176
179
182B
175
142A and 177:
Nebraska .
184
185
Montana
137A
119B
118
113
114
115
116
87D
882.'
120
T'yoming
146A
Total


36 : 659
55 : 649
37 : 594
48 : 800
70 : 680
19 : 736
40 : 621

32 : 400
27 : 294
;51 : 564
50 : 454
41 :1,224
19 :1,733
26 : 478
29 : 930
27 : 856

47 : 656
22 : 7683

34 : 618
23 :1,037
29 : 842
60 :1,311
46 : 714
26 :1,274
41 : 616
2 : 716
42 b552
20 :1,9356

30 :1,014 :
1,270 : 717 :


6:
37
33
36
13
13
25

54
83
88
111
125
70
75
530
105

106
187

-46
13
10
4
:
2
3:


10

105
45


434
85
228
382
350
360
520

214
115
277
154
414
409
263
37 f
283

201
401

231
496
247
455
325
602
330

182
301

356
296


14
9:
18
8
9:
10
27

33
10
12
10
23
27
20
. 56
45

26
29

21
21
8:
2
11
28
17
35.
2- :
29

12
23


2
6
4
18
2C
45
11
11
17
14

C
20
(


7
1
1


.1

4
51
7
-I

2
4










8
1

9
59 :

.4
'5
:8
i7
'2
54 :
.8
.8
'8
:

)4

l1


7 : 500
8 : 346
2 : 282
6 : 433
21 : 424
18 : 458
66 : 499

6 : 311
S208
4 : 582
2 : 279
7 : 581
4 : 510
S358
16 : 484
12 : 446

10 : 352
9 : 665

20 : 341
11 : 606
57 : 370
72 : 720
5 : 543
8 : 1,094
10 : 478
18 : 315
: 384
8 : 496

3 : 680
12 : 436












Table 1. Crop area per farm by typc-of-farrning areas, Northern Great Ph.ins,
1933 Continued __________ __
State and : : Firm : Proportion of crop area
type-of- : : area : : Small : : : :
farming : Farms : per : Row : grain : Other : Summer: Idle : Total
area : : farm : crops : crops : crops : fallow::
: NJumber: ,Lcres :Percent:Percent:Percent:Percent:Percent: Percent


Minnesota
225A
226
225D
227..
227B
North Dakota
225B
173
17?4A
168
169
172
170
171
136
139
166
South Dakota
181
182A
174B
180
176
179
182B
175
142A and 177
Nebraska
18-
185
Monta na
137A
119B
118
113
11-
115
116
87D
88A
120
'Wyoming
146A
Total


: 4j.
.7

16
S 20
S 25
2 29

.12

S 52
S 40
526
* 36
S 55
* 37



257
S 48
: 70
S 19


S 32
S 27
S 31
: 30
41
: 19
: 26
: 29
7

47






22
* -I,


*~ '7


S 29
S 50
46
S26
* 41
: 22
: 42
20

0O
: 1,270


364
297
S39 6
294
243

592
550
: 559
639
659
649
594
: 800

680
736
621

400
294
564
: i54
:1,224
:1,733
478
930
856

656
768

613
:1 ,037

1,311
714
1 ,27-r
616
7165
:552
1, 93$

1, C1
7 17


9.8
6.9
6.9
33.5


1
6.7
17.4
.6
1.2
10.7
11.7

3.1
4-' 0


1 7.4

23.0:
1 9.8

21.2
13.7:
21.0
11.0
13. 0 :
23.5

30.1
28.1

15.5
2.2
3.7 :
.5
-
.2
.* n





15.4:
I0.6

1. 0.


56,.9
68.0
58.0
56.7

60.8








68.8:
8 .3'
-r.9








Old. 2
71.2











71 .2:
80.2:

32,.5:
Q'70














68.8:
Ofl r? v










53.2:




80.2
67.4







72.5
31.8
80.2



17.4


60.7


67.7


12.5
33.1
16.9'
8.5
6.0

19.6
7.0

8. 2
.68

6.. :
1.2
2.1
2.2
C- -

10.6
4.8
3.1
3.6:


1.0 1

7 1
5.3
5.6
7.-r
10.1

7. :




3.5
2.2
.5
2.0
2.2:
7.e :
111.1

5.9

1.9


7.2
2.5 :
8.2

1.5

15.3
.60

2
0.,' *


7.8
2.0
-T
.2

12.3
12.2


.7 3

2. :-
*-
L1



.8
.2

2.6
5.9


10.7
13.0 :
26.0
37r?.2

,2 .5





30.0
i.0O


1.?
.6


.5

cc
1.8

4
1.4
2.3
.7 :

5.0"
3.9
13.2

1.9

1.1
i.i7

1.2
.8

3.3
2.7

2.
l.i-



1.9:
15.- :
10.0
9
.7

2.1
5.7

1~ '

1. :
2.7? "


ICO.O
lO0.0
100.0
100.0
1 C. 0.
1C'.C


100.0
100.0
100.
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

100.0
100.0




IO--10. 0
100.0
100.0

i1L,,0.0
100.0
100.*0
lOCC. 0




100 .0
100.0
100.0
,100 .0


IuO. ',
100.0


*







grown to a limited extent in most areas were rye, spelt, alfalfa, and sweet-
clover.

Co:-.ditions in the Peacific No'thwest a:-'e cuite different in rAfny :'esnects
ltan Lc'l:-e in the N.orthern C-reat Plains. The soil type is mainly a silt loam
whereas the orevsilinc topography is rolling to hilly. Wheat was the principal
crop -,rown. It was alternated with summer fallow, wheat together with summer
fallow comprising most of the crop acreage (table 2). Few other crops were grown
to any extent except in tyne-of-fanrring area 56B in eastern WashinLton, where
neas were of considerable importance, and in type-of-farming area 92A in
southern Idaho, where the acreage of alfalfa was quite extensive.




KINDS AID SIZES OF FIELD EQUIRPIES:T

The kinds of field implements on farms in the areas surveyed are, of
course, Quite closely associated with the kinds of crops grown. In order that
the reader may have a clear picture of the kinds and sizes of field implements
on these farms, the implements have been classified in detail by type-of-farm-
ing areas.

Farmers in these areas have a decided tendency to keep abreast of the
changes and improvements that hrive been made in farm uquiplment as the changes
that have occurred in the implerients 3mployed in the harvesting of grain
demonstrates. Formerly all of the grain in the Northern Great Plains was
harvested with a binder or header ard threshed in a stationary thresher, Al-
though this method .f harvest still prevails in many sections of the Northern
Great Plains, there arc areas, notably in Montana, whorL harvesting grain with
the combined harvester-thresher has, for the most part, superseded other har-
vc'stinr methods. B-.-ccuse of th-se changes some of the implements shown in the
tables on farm equipment invntories which follow -.ro not in general use.

In tho Northern Groat Pl-ins, -nlows of the noldborrd type were rspre-
scnted by the greatest numbers. They wer, comm-non in all areas and for the
entire region those with 2-bottoms were the most usual (tr'.blc 3). This was
p.trticulc.rly true in Ml/inne-sota ::nd in eastern North 2nd South Da.kota where
fr.rms for the most pv'rt ar-. of ;ioderatc size and where a More or less general
type, of farming nr'evils. In the more westerly areas where farms are larger,
3-bottom and 4-bottomn. moldboard -nlows werc r-portcd more frequently than smnfllfer
sizes. Disk plows wcre confin-:d alr"ost exclusively. to the north central areas
of V:ontina (tablc 4), a.nd here, although they wore included in the farm inven-
tory, they we-'c being rc.pidly displacoid by vertical disk plows. j/ Vertical
disk plows wurz re-ort.ed in substa-ntial numbers only in the north central areas
of M.Iontana and in southeastern tJyoM.inZ (ta-.ble 5). Those of fro-. 8- to 10-foot
widths were the pradominoto sizes.

In the Pr.,ific INorthwest rmoldbocrd lows 'were cora-:ion to oll areas. Two-
and three-bottom plows \jsrc the onrs in most common use (table 6). Vertical
disk plov's wer, n:ot co.-ir.on excc't in arc-- 56A in Washington, where thc.y were
found on about 62 percent of the farms studied (table 7).



l/ Sometimes rc'f:-rrcd to as wheatland disk olows.












by type-of-farming area, Pacific Northwest,


State and
type-of-
farming
area


Oregon
56H
56D
rashington
46
56C
56A
56B
74
Idaho
56E
79
90
91A
92A
Total


Farms

Number:


33
15
23
29
15
404


Farm
area
per
farm.
Acres


1,676
1,412

1,823
1. ,465
1,259
488
472

665
1,116
942
642
740
1,085


Row
crops
Acres


'7
6

1





1


Small 1
grain
crops
Acres


591
598

597
657
541
222
190

271
377
383
220
170
426


: Crop area per farm


Other
crops
Acres


12
31

15
11
1
65:
10

9
39

17
46
21


Sunmner
fallow
Acres


629
568

519
663
524
133
132

225
314
315
187
164
390


Idle : Total

Acres : Acres


1,23
1,197

1,167
1,332
1,074
423
342


506
779
750
440
385
849


Table 2. Crop area per farm by type-of-farming area, Pacific Northwest, 1933
Continued
State and Farm :Proportion of crop area
type-of- : area : Small :
farming : Farms : per Row : grain : Other : Sumnmer : Idle : Total
area : : farm : crops : crops : crops : fallow ::
INumber: Acres : Acres : Percent:Percent: Percent :Percent :Percent

Oregon :
56H : 41 : 1,76: : 47.8 : 1.0 : 50.9 : .3 : 100.0
56D : 30 1,412 : : 50.0 : 2.6 : 47.4 : : 100.0
Washington : :
46 : 32 1,823: : 51.1 : 1.3 : 44.5 : 3.1 : 100.0
56C 41 : 1,465 : 49.3 : .8 : 49.8 : .1 : 100.0
56A : 63 : 1,259 : 50.4 : .1 : 48.8 .7 : 100.0
56B 58 : 488 : .7 52.5 : 15.4 : 31.4 : 100.0
74 24 : 472 : 1.8 : 55. : 2.9 38.6 : 1.1 100.0
Idaho : : :
56E : 33 : 665 : .2 53.5 : 1.8 : 44.5 : 100.0
79 : 15 : 1,116 : : 48.4 5.0 40.3 : 6.3 100.0
90 23 : 942 : : 51.1 : .8 : 42.0 6.1 : 100.0
91A 29 : 642: : 50.0 3.9 : 42.5 3.6 : 100.0
92A : 15 : 740: : 44.2 : 11.9 : 42.6 : 1.3 : 100.0
Total : 404 : 1,085: .1 : 50.2 2.5 : 45 .9 : 1.3 100.0


Table 2. Crop area per farm


1933







Although single-and tandem-disk harrows were connon to most areas of the
Northern Great Plains (tables 8 and 9), there waa a tendency for the single-
disk harrow to appear in largest numbers on the smaller general farms of the
more easterly areas, whereas the tandem-disk harrow was found in greatest num-
bers on the larger, more specialized farms in the more westerly areas. Single-
disk harrows of 8-foot widths and double-disk harrows of 10-or 11-foot widths
waie the most conmnon sizes.

In the Pacific Northwest sing-le-disk harrows were not reported to any
extent (table 10). Tandem-disk harrows were reported in annr:ciable numbers
only in areas 56A and 56B of Washington, areas 56H of Oregon arnd 79 and 56E of
Idaho (table 11).

Spike-tooth harrows were reported in substantial numbers in both the
Northern Grmat Plains and in the Pacific Northwest. In both of those regions
those of from 18-to 21-foot widths were the most com-on sizes (tables 12 and 13).
Spring-tooth harrows were recorded only for the Northern Great Plains (table 14),
and were of minor importance in practically all areas.

Duckfoot cultivators in the Northern Gr.:at Plains wcr? of minor importance
in most ar;Lts except M.ontanv (table 15). 'od weoders were confined almost ex-
clusively to the north central MIontana areas and southeastern Wyoming (table 16).
The 9-foot field cultivator end the 12-foot weeder wore the most usual sizes.

Rod wonders wcre recorde,-d in a nrcciabl num.b'.:rs in all areas of the
Pacific Northwest (t-hlo 17). The 12-foot machines wvcr the most usual size.
Duckfoot cultivators were of minor i' ortanco in the Pacific Northwest (table 18).

Packers occurred in all acrecs of the Northern Gr,::rat Plains, but were
renor'-d in greatest numbers in North Dakota (table 19). Those of 2-j-to '2-
foot width were the most common sizes. In thn' Pacific Northwest, packers wore
not found to any extent except in area 56B of W7ashington and area 79 of Idaho
(table 20).

Listers and lister cultivators in the Northern Great Plains (table 21)
were confined aL-nost exclusively to western South Dakota, northwestern Nebraska,
and southeastern Wyoming. The 2-row implement was the most camon size. Listers
and lister cultivators were not reported in the Pacific Northwest.

Disk drills were the corunon type of Grain drill on farms in the Northern
Great Plains and those of 10 or 11 foot widths were the most usual (table 22).
Deep-furrow drills wtre of minor ir-ortarnce except in type-of-farminr area 115
of Montana and in southeastern Wyor.mini, (table 23). Press drills were not
rcnortod to any extent ineay arua (table 24).

Grain drills (table 25) were not tabul:-ted by type in the Pacific North-
wost, but disk drills were of first imr-ortancj, followed b:, hoe drills, with a
limited number of shoe, deep-furrow, a.nd press drills. The usual sizes of disk
drills vure9 or 10 feet, whereps hoe drills of 10- or 11-foot widths were the
most usual.

Row planters and row-shovel cultivators (table 26) were reported in sub-
stantial niamber, in most areas of the Northern Great Plains except in the more
westerly creas of Montana where the acreage of row crops is limited. Two-row
planters and one-row cultivators were the most usual sizes. These implements
were not reported to any extent in the Pacific Northwest (table 27).












Potato planters and diggers (table 28) were recorded in the Northern
Great Plains in substantial numbers only in northwestern !`ebrask'a and in the
upper Red River Valley of Mvinnesota. The 1-row machine was the most visuall
size. These implements were not reported on farms in the Pacific Northwest.

Grain binders in the Northern Great Plains were reported in substantial
numbers in all areas, while headers were confined chiefly to the larger more
specialized wheat far7ns in the more v;esterly areas (table 29). Eight-foot
binders and twelve-foot headers were the most common sizes. Combines were not
found to any extent except in the more westerly .areas of the Dakotas and in the
areas surveyed in Nebraska, Wyoming, and Montana (table 30). Those of 12 foot-
width were the most usual size. Windrowers were of minor importance (table 31).

Grain binders in the Pacific Northwest were reported in substantial num-
bers in most areas except those in Idaho whereas, headers were not cornmon except
in areas 46 and 56A of Washington (table 32). Binders of 6-foot width and Ead-
ers of 14-foot width were the most usual sizes stablee 32). Combines wore common
to all areas (table 33). Those of 16-foot width wore the most common size.

Row binders occurred in substnr.tial numbers in most areas of Minnesota
and North and South Dakota whereas corrn ".ickers ware of, minor importance in the
Northern Great Plains. Corn nickcrs occurred in limited numbers in southwestern
Minnesota and in certain areas of Scuth D-kcta (table 34). One-row machines
were the ones in almost universal use. Row binders and corn pickers, were not
found on farms in the Pacific North-w.-st.

Mowers and sulky rakes wvrerc common in all areas of the Northern Great
Plains and the Pacific Northwest (trables35 and 35). The 5-foot mo'-or and the
10-foot rake w-re tnf most com-ion sizes.





10.

Table 3. Moldboard plows of different sizes reported by type-of-farming area,
Northern Great Plains, 1933
State : Size of moldboard plow
and :Mold- 1-: 2- : 2- : 3- : 4-: 5- : 6- : 7-: 8-
type-of- : Farms: board: bottom:bottom: bottom:bottom: bottom: bottom:bottom:bottom: ottom
farming : :plows:12-16 :10-13 :14-16 :12-16 :12-16 : 14 : 14 : 14 : 14
area : inch : inch : inch : inch : inch : inch : inch inch : inch
Num- :Nun- : Nun- : Num- : Nun- : Nun- : Nuim- : Num- : Nun- : Nun,- : Num-


:ber :ber : ber :


M, inn.
225A
226
235L
227A
227B1
No. Dak.
22 5B
173
174A
168
169
172
170
171
136
139
166
So. Dal:.
181
182A
174B
180
176
179
1823
175
142 A&177
Ileb.rasKa:
184
185
Month ria
137A
118 B
118
IL 1 19

113
114
115
ll,{
87D
68A
120
'..,"or.i nY
1-,A
Total


43:
16:
20:
25:
29:

12:
4.
52:
40:
36
55:
37
48
70:
19
40:




31:
30:
41 :
19:
26
9:

x, I







50:



C2:
C-7




50:
46:

-1:
23,


97: 6
30: 11
37: 5
43: 9
51 .130

24:
60: 5
115: 8
94: 7
73: 1
51: 9
75: 9
82: 5
125: 18
28: 2
77 4

54: 9
53: 9
56: 2
56 13
88 16
22: 9
13: 8
48: 8
3.9: 6

75: 18
Si : g

6? 18
7'l 7
45: 10
51: 9
34 : 14
7 1
7 2
36 10
28: :5
28: ,5

;.


127 0:z.008: 29?


her : her : ber : ber :


4

1 :
3 :





2
1 :
4
9 :
2
2





4

5 :
'-I
2 :
2 :
2 :
9 :

11
~10


1:

1 :
1 :


4
8:



0* :


59
10
22
25
30

14
34
76
.49
25
29
36
41
45
11
28

31
36
35
28
29
5
1:
17'
10

2)
z


2 :
1-,

6 :

1:
6:
12
5

C' :
IO:]

10

r~-


25
5
7
8
5


12
25
30

8
15
21
36
13
51

10
4:
14
8
52
5
2
12


her


7

2:



2
9:
4
8:
11
1:
5
12
24
2
14

-r



2
8
1

9


: her : ber : ber


2


1 :


18
1 : 1
1i? : 1


17 : 5
21 : 2
Cp -
10
5

10
i0 :a



21 :


21 C 216
580 161 :


I-.

1*













1*


1 :








































1I


1











1



































2"









i1.

Table 4. Disk plows of different sizes reported by type-of-farming areas,
Northern Great Plains, 1933

State ani : : : Size of disk plows
type-of- : : :
farming : Fanns: Disk :10-1 2:18-30:31-42:43-53:5 -66:67-78:79-90 :91-110
area : :plows: inch: inch:inch : inch: in2h: inch: inch: inch
INum- : Num- : Num- Num-: Num- : Nuum- Nuum- m- : Nm- Nur.-
ber : her : her : ber : her ber : her be er er: ber

NTrth'-akota :
172 3 : : 1: : 1: :
170 : : 2 : 2: :
166 : 40 1 : : : 1

South Dakota : : : : :
176 41 1 1
179 19 r) 1 2 2 1
182B : 26: 2 1 1
142A ar.d" 177 27: 2 1 1

Nebraska : : : : :
184 : 47: 1 : : : 1:

Montana : : : : :
118 : 29 4 : : 4:
113 : 50 26: : Z: : II: 7:
114 : 46 28: 5 11 11: :
115 : 26 28: : 1: : 7: 2 1 1
116 : 41 40: :10 12 10 4: 1 2 1
87D : 22 2 1 1
88A : 42 5: : 5
120 : 20 2: : 1: 1: : : :

Total : 568 153 : 4 :35 40 44 22 3: 3: 2





12.

Table 5. Vertical disk plows of different sizes reported by type-of-fanring
areas, northern Great Plains. 1933

State and : :Verti- S3ize of vertical disk plows
tne-cf- : Far.s : cal : :
farming : disk : 5- : 6- : 7- 8- 9- : 10- : 12-
area : :plows :foot : foot : foot : foot : foot foot : foot
INur:ber :Number : umbe r : Numbe r: Number Number: Nu.ber: Numbe r: Number

Minnesota :
225A : 43 8: 3 : 1: 3: : 1
225D : 20 : 2 : : 1 : 1

North Dakota : : : :
225B : 12 4: : 1: : 3
174A : 52 : 1 : : : 1
168 40 13: : 1: : 7: 5
169 36 1: : : : 1: :
172 55 1: : : : 1
171 48 6: : : : 5 1
136 70 17: : 1 7: 7 2
139 19 3: : 1: : 2
166 40 : 2 : : 1 : 1 :

South Dakota : :: : : : : : :
176 41 1 1
179 19 : 2 : 1: : 1
182B : 26 2 : : : 1: :
175 : 29 4 : : : 1 2 1
142A and 177: 27 4 : : 3: : 1
~ ~ ~ ~ *'.
Nebraska : : :
184 : 47: 6 : : 1: 1: 2 3
1.5 : 22 5: : 1: : 4

Montana : : : :
137A : 34 1 1
119B : 23 : 1 : : 1
113 50 35: : 2 6 19 8
114 46 41: : 1 1 13 10 15 1
115 : 26 13: : 3 2 3 8
116 : 41 28 1: : 1 8: 7 10 1
P7D : 22 2: : 2
?SA : 42 11: : 3 1 3 3 1
120 20 9: : 2: : 2 3: 2

VWyoing : : : : :
146A : 30 25: : 3 4 3 6 9


Total : 980 : 251 : 1 : ? : 16 : 79 : 73 : 61 : 3







1.;.


Table 6. Moldboard plows of different sizes reported by type-of-farming areas,
Pacific ..NorthJest, 1933_
..Size. of mnoldborird plows
State and: :Mold-" 1- s 2- : 3- : 4- : 5- : 6- : 8- 9- :- 12-: 16-
type-of- :Farms board: bottonrbottom:bottom :botta. :bottoiotbottom:botto bottom :bottom: bot tom
farming :plows:12-16:10-16:10-18:14-16:12-16:14-16:14-16:14-16: 14 : 16
area : : innh: inch: inch: inch: inch: inch: inch: inch: inch:inch
: Num- : Num-: Num-: Num-: Num-: Num-: Num-: Ium-: Num-: Num-: Num- :I lum-
: ber : ber : ber : b er br: ber : ber : ber : ber : ber : ber :ber
Oregon : : : : : : :
56H 41 : 80 1 12 59 4 1 3
56D 30 : 59 3 8 23 20 1: : 3 1
: :: : : ::

Washington
46 32 : 39: :11 26 1 1
56C 41 : 133 .6: 62 46 9 4 1 2 1 1 1
56A 63 : 81 4 33 39 4: : 1
56B 58 : 97 13 32 33 13 2 3 1
74 24: 48 16 :20 11 1: :

Idaho
.d.o :..- : :.' : :::
56E 33 : 60 8 10 34 5: : : 3
79 15 : 26 2 10 10 3 1
90 23 : 50 : 9 16 ; 18 6 1
91A 29 : 29 13 12 3 1: :
92A 15 : 38 12 8 4 .4: : : : :
Total 404 : ?30 87: 234 306 71 11 7 10 2 1 1


Table 7.


- Vertical disk plows of different sizes reported by type-of-farming
area, Pacific Northwvest, 1933


State and : .-Verti-:
tyre-of- : Farms :. cal *.:
far g : disk :
u- : : plows :
: lumber: lNumber:


0re. n.
56H

Washingtor
46
56C
56A
56B

Idaho
70
90
92A
Total


S 41


S 32
S 41
S 63
S 58


15
23

S288


5-i
foot
I lumber


6-
foot
liumbe


3


-0
7
59
2


5


1
4
71


2


1-

22


Size oC vertical disk plows

: 7- : 8- : 9-
: foot : foot : foot
r : -u.ber : IIunher : ljui.ibe
*


1

3



1


1

27 :


2
6




2

2
12


r


3

4







7


10-
foot
N umber





S 5
S 5
* 4
S 2


2


*
*
*
*
*










Table 8. -


Single disk harrows of different sizes reported by type-of-farming areas,
Northern Great Plains, 1933


State and "
type-of- : Single : Size of single-disk harrows
farming Farms : disk : 6- : 7- : 8- : 9- : 10-: 11-: 12-: 13-: 14-: 15-: 16-: 20-: 21-: 24-: 26-
area : : harrow :foot:foot:foot:foot:foot:foot:foot:foot:foot:fot :foot:foot:foot:foot:foot
SNum- : Num :Num-:Num-: Num-:Num-:Num-:Num-:Num-:Num-: Num-:Num-:Num-: Num-: Num-:; Num- Num-


Minnesota
225A
226
225D
227A
227B


North Dakota
225B
173
174A
168
169
172
170
171
136
159
166
South Dakota
181
182A
174B


:ber ber
1
:1: 2













: 2: 2


2
2
:1 1





1
: 2
:1 :

: : 2

: : 2

: : i


:ber ber
19 5
4
17 2
5 6
11 : 6


: 6::
: 13 :
21 : 6
25
15
26
:13
16
15 1
:7:
18: i

: 8 2
15: 5
11 : 2
13 6
:14 3


ber :ber
13

3:
7:
S15




18
20
S4
15
S4
: 2 .
1:
4

: 3 :

S9
: 16
S11 :
9:
20: I1


:ber


:1

:1


: 1













: 1
: i


:ber :ber :ber :be


: 1:


S2
S2



1




* S


* S

* :
* .


5,
S




'S
S


r :ber :ber
2;
:1
RI

1


1 5


:1:
2: :1i

4

4 :


1: 5


S


:ber












1
4


;ber




S
F

F
S


4t


ber
43
16
20
25
29


ber
41
8
25
23
35










harrows of different siz
Northern Great P.


L :
SSingle Size of single-disk harrows
Farmns : disk : 6-: 7-: 8-: 9- : 10-: 11-: 12-: 13-: .14-: 15-.:. 16-: -20-; 21-: 2,
: harrow :foot:foot:foot:foot:foot:foot:foot:foot:foot:foot:foot:foot:foot:foc
: Num- : Num- :Num-: 1In-:Num--:Num-:Num-.: Num-: Num-: Num--: Num.-: Num-: Num-: Num- :Mum-: N
ber : ber :ber :ber :ber :ber :ber :ber :ber :ber :ber :ber :ber :ber :ber :be,


Nebraska
184-
185

Montana
137A
119B
118
113
114
115
88A7D

120

Wyoming
146A


Total


: 12


1:


26
13


30
29
i29 :


8


*
16 :

325 :


8 :


: 15 : 1
S9 :1


9:

57 :417


: 4
: 1


1:

1:

2

2
1:
12
1:




59 216:


1:
1:








i :


1:













8:


1:








4:


4


1:

2 :20


3


4


1 :1


6

21


*
*
*
*


E


Tota 1 12


..... ............. .... ....... ..... .. .. .... ...... .








16.

Table 9. Tandem-disk harrows of different sizes reported by type-of-farming
areas, Northern Great Plains, 1933


State and : :Tandem-: Size of tandem-disk harrows
type-of-farming : Farms: disk : 6-7 : 8-9 : 10-11: 12-14: 16- : 24-
area : :harrow : foot : foot: foot : foot : foot : foot
:Number: Number:Number:Number :Number :Number :Number:Number


Minneso ta
225A
226
225D
27A
227B
North Dakota
225B
175
174A
168
169
172
170
171
13 'Z
139

166
South Dakota
181
182A
174B
180
176
179
182B
175
142A and 177
NIebraska
184
185
Montana
137A
119
118
113
114
115
116
87D
83A
120
Vi'yoming
14rA
T',tal


43
: 16
S 20
: 25
29

12
34
52
40
: 6
5
357
48
70
19
40


27
31
30
41
19

S 29


47
22

S 54
23
29
50
46
26
41
22
4 4'


30
:1,270


7
1
2
6
2

3
15
12
14
F
16
20
34
45
11
26

8
2
12
7
21
10
6
21
22

35
27

20
12
12
39
56
29
35
10
28
17

638
65_Z.8


1*




1*






2 :
1 :
















7





2
1














2


2r


1 :
34


4
1:
2:
2:


3:



1
3 ,:

8i:

6 :



4:
5
8 :

4:
5:






4 :





5



13






7

7:
25
2:
5:




17 :
5:

157


3:


3:
1:


.0
7
5
3:
.2
2 :
3:
57
)72

5


2
2:
6
7

.0
1:
.7
7


.5

7:
:

8:
9
.7
26:
-5


5:
9

Q8 .
F-a
F-6


2:







1:



















1.

1:
1:








6:


1:

















1 :






: 1








2 1





35r


*


*
*








17.


I.
Table 10. Single-disk harrows of different sizes reported by type-of-farming
areas, Pacific Northwest, 1933
State and : :Single. Size of single-disk harrows
type-of-farming: Farms:'Aisk : 6- : 7- : 8- : 9- : 10- : 11- : 12-
a rea : :harrow: foot : fort : foot : foot : foot : foot : foct
:Number :Nunber :Number :Number:-fumber :Number :Number :Number :Number


Oregon
5AD
Washington
56C
56A
56B
74
Idaho
56E
90
91A
92A
Total


30

41
63
58
24

33
23
29


15
316


3:

4
8:
6


1:
1'
3.
3.
38


I


12
1:


2:


2


2
4
6'

1~

3:


*
*

*
1 ;
*


1 : 2
5 : 20


1 :

1 :
5 :


*
*
*
*
*
*
1 :


5 I :


Table 11. Tandem-disk harrows of different sizes reported by type-of-farming


SState and:
type-of-
farming F
area

:b
Oregon
56H
| 56D
SWash.
46

56A
|56B

74
Idaho
56E
li '
90 ,
I. 91A
Seo A
Total :4

"* 4i


areas, Pacific Northwest, 1933
: :Size of tandem-disk harrows
:Tandem-: : : : : : : : : :
arms: disk : 5- : 6- : 7-. : F- : : 1-: 11-: 12-: 14-: 1F-: lI--. 22-


:harrow:foot:foot: loot:foot:foot:foot:foot :foor:foot :toot:foot:foot


Tum-
urn- :
'er

41
30

32
41
A3
58
24

33
15
23
29
15
04


Num-


I


:Nun- :Num- :NuM- :Num- :Num-:Nun- :Num- :Nun- :;Num- : un- :Num-: Num-


)er :ber

2r :
i :


5
4
26
52
F,


37
16
8
4
5
199


1;




1;


;ber
*
*
*
*
*
*


:


2





8


er :ber :ber

22:
3;


2: 2
2; 2
12
022 2
1 : 3:

25:
1 : 12;
6:
: 5:
1:
11 : 13 5"


:ber :ber :ber


2
7


1:

14
14
*1:

: I:




*2:
53.


3:
















3


:ber :be


1:
1:














2:


r :be












1:





1:


*r :ber












2:

1: 1


3: 1


:b








18.

Table 12. Spike-tooth harrows of different sizes reported by tyne-of-farming
... areas a No!ihern Great Plains, 1933
State and -: :Spike-:


type-of-
farming
area


: :tooth
:Farms: har-
: rows


Size of spike-tooth harrows


:8-10:11-14:15-17:18-21:22-2A:25-28:29-32:33-37:38-60


:foot:foot


:foot :foot


:foot :foot :foot


:foot :foot


Num- : Nun- :Num- :Num- :Num- 1
:beri : ber :ber :ber :ber 1
Minnesota : : :
225A : 43: 47: : 1
226 : 16: 16: 2: : 3 :
225D 20: 20: : 1: 2:
227A : 25 27 : : 2:
227B : 29 32 1 : 1:
North Dakota: :
225B : 12 12 1:
173 : 34 30.: : 1 8:
174A : 52 : 60 .
168 : 40 53
169 : 36 : 32 1 : 1
172 : 55 56 3: 2: 5
170 :37 43 2 : 1 : 5
171 : 48 52 5: 6:
136 : 70: 76 1: 1 7
139 : 19 21 1: 1
166 40 42 1: 1 1
South Dakota
181 : 32 36 1 : 1
182A : 27: 31.: 1 : :
1743 : 31: 35:
180 : 30: 33: 1 1
176 : 41 39:
179 : 19 16 : 10
182B : 26 23: 2: 1 11
175 : 29 30 : 4 :
142Aandl7:: 27 32: 2: : 3
IIebraska
184 : 47 : 47 : 6 : 6 : 16
1825 : 22 24 : : 1:.11
r.Montana : : : : :
137A : 34 37: : :11
119 : 23 25: 1: a: 4
118 : 29: 34: 5: 3:
113 50 48: 4: : 2:
114 : 43 49: 7: 3 10:
115 : 26 24: 1: 2:
116 : 41 : 47 : 6 : 6 : 13 :
27D 22 50: 1: 8 4:
SA : 42 23: 3: 1 12:
120 : 20 : 20 :1 4'
VJlroming : : : : ::
VWyo i n r
IK6A : 30 26: 2 2 14

Total :1270 : 1748 58 46 :181 :


Num-
ber

5
5
.4
17
11


12
12
2
6
16
11
27
30
5
4

11
20
6
24
14
3
9
7
20

14
9

17
8
15
14
13
9
11

2
11

6


Nurr
ber










S1
: )
* 1
* 2









: J















:


t" :Num-
ber

i2 : 9
3 3
4 7
7
6 : 13

9 2
6 3
.9 : 25
.8 : 11
.1 : 12
?0 8
8 : 16
9 3
5 : 19
5 5
8 : 21

6 : 15
2 7
6 :11
4 2
9 : 13
3

7: 6
1 4

1
1

1 2
2 1
5 4
LO: 4
1 1
2
2 1
LO : 6
2
S 2

1:


:Nuri-
:ber


I
* 11
* 1






S 6
* 1
S 2

S 2
S3
S 3
2

* 1

1
1
3



S 2

2
S 1

5
S 4
S 1
S 9
10
* i0
6
: 7
: 9
3
S 2

1


Nun- :Num-
ber ber



9 1






4
10 : 6






1
3 1

1
1
* 1





: 1 :


2 2
S 1


22
* 1 :
2 3
:4
:4
: 1 1







* 1 1
*:


421 : 255 247 29 27 24


421 : 255 :


247 :


27 :


24 ;


:foot :foot :foot :foot


*













Table 13. S3.ike-tooti, harrows of different sizes reported by type-of-farmin, areas, Pacific Northwest, 1533


Stete and :Spi;:e- :
tyne-of- tooth : S____ __ ize of spike-tooth harrows
fanning :Farms : har- :3-10 :1-14 : 15-t17 : 18-21 : 22-24 25-28 29-32 33-37
area : ,tovws :foot : foot : foot :foot : foot : foot :foot : foot
:Turn- : I uri- :1urr.- : lFTuri- : i'jrT- : um- : lunm- liurri- : um- Hum-
ber F :r ber .:er 'er ber : e r ':er : ber 'er
Oregon :
56H 41 54 1 : 13 12 : 7 : 6 : 3
56D 30 36 1: : : : 7 : 6 2

Washington : : : :
46 -52 33 : : : 8: 3 : 10 : 7 : 1
56C 41 93 : : 1 1 : 32 47 : 2 : 2 : 1
56A : 63 :75 : : : : 5 10 : 8 : 24 : 7
56B :53 72 : 3: 2 10 : 31 5 .: 9 1 : 1
74 24 27 : 1: : 8 : 3: 7 : 2 : 2 : 2
...... .


:3360 :61-79 :80-1)0
: foot : foot : foot
liu 1n- : l;uI- : Num-
ber ber ber

: 9 :; 3
: 18 : 2
118 2

: 2 : 2. -
: 5: 2
11 : 7 .- 3
S8 2
: 8 : -
22

...... ..............


Idaho
56E
79
90
91A
92A
Total


33 : 37
15 : 3
23 : 24
29 : 38
15 : 16
404 : 508


3


2
5
11
1


6
8:


18 :


42


7 :


*
* 10
* 7
S2


: 119


10

1


1C


7


1 :
1 :
*


43


1
6
4


66


1
i1


5 :


2 : 1 :
1 : 1 :

21 : 62 : 19


)2 :


to'2' ... .. ... ....... .. W W I
T 'W '!7








0.


Table 14. Spring-tooth harrows of different sizes reported by type-of-
farming areas, Nnrthern Great Plains, 1933


State and
type-i f-farming :
area


',:innresota
22 5A
226

C27B
2 2 '1r

4Z 2 T5B

Ncrth Dakota
225B
173
I74? 3

169
169
172
170
171
1I.6
139
166
South Dkota
181
3.74S

178

179
142A and 177
..ebras'-a
I1,5
o -at na
1.7A
l1S2
118
113
114
115
116
I.5A
"yo. i n,,
146A

Total


: Spring-:
Farms : tooth':
:harrows:


Number:


43
16
20
29

12
34:
52
40
6:
55
37
48
70
1)
40

,2
31
30
41
19
27

22

34
27
29
5 :
4 r
26
41
42


1 0, 74
1,0 74


1
'7
19
7


4






175:


Size of spring-tocth harrows
4-8 : 9-14 : 15-18 : 20-24 : 25-L8
foot : frot : foiot : foot : foot
Nuimbor: Number: Number: Number: Number


Number:


11
10
8 :
a
r,
'7:
.
22
8.
8
8

2:
'7
2
6:
2




4
1:
1:
.L

4:


4:
'7
8 :
2 :

2
.7
6
4

6
6:
1 :

e






?1


3:
1 :
I:



1 :







1


2.





1 :






1 :


5
7 :


5

1 :

1:
1:
2
3
1 :

1 :
1:







1 :





1:


1 :

1:
4




:'8 :







II : 6 2
5 1:
1 6


21 :1


2 :


107 : 19 : 8 : 3









21.


Table 15. Ducdf'ot cultivators of different sizes re'.,orte-d by t':e-of-
farring areas, i.lorthern Great Plins, l.''

State and: :Duck- : Size of duckfoot cultivators


type-of- : :foot : : :
farming : Farms:dulti-: 7- : 8-- : 9- :
area : :vaters: foot : foot : foot :
:Number: Number: 1intb er : Numb e r: lumnber :I


i0- 11- : iC- : 14- : 16-
fcct :foct foot : foot : foot
lumber : Ilumber:"'ur-ber :I Hurber :'Tumnher


Minnesota:
225A
226
22 5D
227A
227B
No. Dak.
225B
173
174A
168
169
172
170
171
136
139
166
So. Dak.
181
182A
174B
176
Nebras:.a
185
Monta na
13'A

118
113
114
115
116
57D
8BA
120
"Iyoming
T146A

! Total


43
16
20
2O
29

12
34
52
40
% 3 6

55
si 0
48
70
19
40

32
27
31
41




34
23
29
50
4A
26
41
22
42
20

30

1,092


24
2
14
4

1.
C12

9:
12
9:
27
12
1:

"


17
17



2
,I :
7

12


C1^

ii:
2' :
42
"r-
26
29
4:

18

2:

429:


a1
1:
2:




1:
1:

'I




5




4:









2r:


1:








1:

55:


6

4
1:


4

2
8:


1:

2
4
53


1
3
2



6:
1:

i :
1:





64


A 4

4 2
2. : 2
1 2
S 2
2
4.: 2

4
4: 4

S 1:

4 2:
1 4:


^ 1.
1:
2:



112

8: 2
: 4
2 15
21 : 7
8 86
8: i :




10 : :
: 82:
12 :
: 7

: 1 :


11 : 99


*


1:

1:





1:















L'- "
C;

'1







2I

4:

1:


1:

1:





4
2 :
4-'

1:
1:


A


8:

1 :



1:

1:

1:

1ii:
[I:
4.

:1

.1
4:
1:

4:


1:


0 90 : 4 1








22.

Table 16. Rod weeders nf different sizes reported by ty.pe-of-farming areas,
Ilrrthern Great Plains, 1933

State and: : : Size of rod we.ders
ty e-of- Rod : : : : :
farming :Farms :weed-: 7- : 8- : 10-: 11-: 12-: 13-: 14- 15-: 16- 16- 20-
area : ers :foot:fcot:foot :foot:foot :foot :foot :i oot :foot :oot:foot
SNu- uImT- :1 urn- 1'un- :Nun- :Num- :Num- :lum-- :um.- .Nun- um- :Nuin- Num-
ber : her :her :ber :ber :ber :ber :ber :her :her :ber :ber ".ber

ho. Dak. : : : : : : : : : :
174A 2: 2 1: : : 1 : :
172 : 55 : 1 : : : : 1
170 :37 1: 1
So. Dak. : : : : : : : : :
181 2 : 1
174B : 31 1 1
180 :30 1: : : 1: :
175 : 29 1 : : : : : 1: : :
1.- c. 177: 27 : 1 : : : 1 : : : :
iIJbraska
184 47: 1: : : 1:
Montana : : : : : : : :
127A : 34: 2: : 1 1: : :
119B 23 : 2: : 2
118 : 29 2 : : 1: : : :
11 :50 17: : 5 7 :1 1 3
114 46 174 6 17 : 9: : 1
115 :26 21: : :10 10 1 :
116 41 1 1
37E :22 4 1: : : : :
88A 42 : 2: : : : : : :
7'yo, ing : : : : : :
14FA : 0O 10:: : 18: :8 1: : : :

Total :93 :871: 2 : 2 28 2 41 1 i : 2: : 5











Table 17. Rod weeders of different sizes, reported b- tyre-of-farminG areas, Pacific Northwest, 1933

State and
tv-e-of- : Rod : -_Size of rod weeders _______
farming :Farms: weed- : 7- : 8- : 9- :10- 11- 12- :13- :14- :15- :16- :18- :20- :22- :24- :32- :35- :40-
area : ers :foot :foot:foot: foot: fot: foot foot oot: foot:fofoot fot foot ot:fot:foot: foot :foot: foot
:I'urF n- : Lum- : hum- I:uum- L-ur.i-: hum- um-u- um- Im- m-um- um-: u- u-: u-: u-:uMn- .imn- u:m.n- INum- I: wu n u- 1"un-
:ber :ber :ber :ber :ber :ber :betr :b'r ber :ber :ber :bor. :ber :3er :ber :ber :bcr :ber :ber
Oregon : :.. : .: : : : : : : :
56H 41 76 1 i "3 67: .. 1 2 1 1
56D : 40 SO : : 4 9: : 62: 5 :3 :12 24 11
5D:..3: 0: : :. 4: 9: 6: : 5: : 3: : 2: : 4: : 1:

Washington : : : : : : : : : : : : : : :
43 3 32 ,1 1 : 40: 8 : 1
56C :. 41: 115: : 1 : 1 14: 6 : 81: 7 : 1 1 3:
F6A : 53 : 109 : 2.: : 97: : 4: : 2: : 3: : 1
56B : 58: 47 : 1: : : 6.: : 33: 1 1 : : : 2.: : 3: :
74 : 24 18 : 1 2: : 2. : 8: : 1: : 2 2: : : :

Idaho : :
56E :33 36: : :3 : 7: 3 21: 1 1: : : : : : :
79 : 15: 6 : : : : 4 : : : : 2
90 : 23 : 33. : .: 5 5: : 2: : 22: 2: : : 1 : : 1
91A29: 5
29 *" : :: 18 .. ... : i :. : .
92A 15 : 14 "1 .0... i0 : 2 1 : 1 : : : : : : :

T : .. 2 a a 1 : 4 2 1a 4 9 1 1 1
.. .. aaa a a aa
Total : 404 : 520 : 2 : 9 : 4 : 45 : 19 : 463: 4 : 22.. 1 :.19 4 : 9 : 1 : 15 : 1 : 1 :







U
a


.. ......... :- ..: : .. :.:::::,.: A
.... ... .. ... .... .















Table 18. Duckfoot cultivators of different sizes reported by type-of-farming areas, Pacific Northwest, 1933

State and : : Duck- :
tyne-of- : : foot, : _____________________Size of duckfoot cultivators
farming : Farms : culti-: 6- : 7- : 8- : 9- : 10- : 11- : 12- : 14- 15- : 16-
area : vators: foot : foot foot foot foot foot : foot : foot foot : foot
SNumber: Number: lurmber: Number: Number: Number: I'umber: Numiber: Number: Number: Number: Number

Washinrton : : : : : :
46 : 32 9 : : : 9 : :
56A 3: 3 12 : 8 : : : 1: : 3:
b6B : 58 10 : 1 : 1 : 6 1 : 1
74 : 24 : 2 : : 1 1 : :

Idaho : : : :
56E : 33: 6 : 1 : 1 : 1 : 3
79 15 1 1
90 : 23 : 6 : : 5 : 1
92A : 15 2 : 1 i : : 1


Total :263 48 : 2 2 52: :.30 : 4 : 1 : 5: : 3: 1


. ... iiiiiiii .. .. .. "" .. .... ... ...... ...... ... ... ........ ..







vS.


Table 19. Packers of different sizes reported by tyre-of-farming areas,
Northern Great Plains, 1933

State and: : :Size of packers
type-of- :: : : : : : : : : : : :
farming :Faris:Pack-:2-3Z::4-4-: 5-6: 7-8:9-10:11-12:13-14:15-16:18-20: 24-: 30-
area : : ers : foot:foot:foot:foot:foot: foot: foot: foot: foot:foot:foot
: Num-: Nuri-: ltuhl-::ilu-:IL..L-:lui- :Iiumr-: Ill.i-: lunm-: mlum-: IHu-:Nuiu-:Ium-


Montana
225A
226
225D
227A
227B
No. Dak.
225B
173
174A
168
169
172
170
171
136
139
166
So. Dak.
181
174B
180
176
179
182B.
175
142A &177
Nebraska
184
185
Montana
137A
119B
118
113
114
115
116
87D
88A
120
Wyom i ng
146A

Total


ber

43:
16:
20:
S2b:
29:

12:
34:
52:
40:
35:
55:
37:
43:
70:
19:
40:

32:
31:
30:
41:
19:
26:
29:
27

: 47:
22:

34:
23:
29:
50:
46:
26:
41:
22:
42:
20:

30:


bar

12
3
6
5
1

9:
14
8:
11
45
11
18
19
25
11




27
ii :


7:
1:
1:
4:
2:
2
13
3:

6:
5:

5:
9:
2:

13
3 :
9:
9:
11
5:

1:


ber ber








C,
1


31 : b
2
1 :1
7 2
3: 6
6 3
10 : 4


2



1:

2
4

5






2


ber








:2
2
:1

:5
9
:1
: 3
:7

:3


1:


4







3:

1 :


ber

:1
:1
:1




:1
:1
:1
:1

:1
:4
:1
:1
:1


3:







1:

9.




1:


1

1





1

3
1

1


1
4:
1

:3
1


:ber

3:
1
4
3
1



5
5



*7:
5:
4
1
4

2



1






1:
.1





4:
2:
1
4
A,



1:


ber

4
1:
1:
1:


2
,3


2
2:
3

1
1


5:

1:



1:

1:
1
.1-

2



1:


3:

3:

1:


ber








1:
1:
1:
.5:







1 :


1:


2
1:








1:

1:


4:

2:


4:


ber

2:






1:


5


1:

2




1:







1:


2:

1:

1:
1:





1:
1:


ber :ber :ber

2


1:




.1


1:


:1

1:


:1,243: 349 78 33 33 55 73 45 25 20 2. 3: 2


:1,243: 349 :


78 :


33 :


33 :


*
35 :


73 :


45 :


*
25 :


20 :


*
*
2 :


3 : 2














Table 20. Packers of different sizes reported by tyne-of-farming area, Pacific Northwest, 1933


State and
typ-e-of-
farming
area


Oregon
53H
56D

Washington
46
56C
56A
56B
74

Idaho
56E
79
91A
92A


Total


_: : : _Size of packers ____
:Farms:Packers: 4- : 5- : 6- : 7- : 8- : 9- : 10-: 11-: 12-- 13-: 14-: 15-: 1G-: 17-: 18-: 20-: 32-


:Num-
ber

41
S30


S32
S41
S63
S58
: 24


: foot: foot:foot: foot: foot foot: foot: foot:foot:foot : foot: foot:foot: foot: foot: foot: foot
: Mjn- : ?ium- : Num- : Num- : Ihum- : Num- : Iun '.m- : ?rn- : i'um- : Num- : ?Tur.-: I 'urn- : I"u..,: 'umx- : Nu.n- : um.- : Nin.-


Num-
ber

6
3


:ber :ber :ber :ber


1:


2







1:


: 33: 7
: 15: 16
S29 6 :
: 15 : 3


381 92 :


:ber :ber :ber :ber :ber :ber :ber :ber :ber :ber :ber :uer
: : : : : : : *


1:


5




2


7:


1:


1:
1:

2
1:



2
4



11


1:


3:


5 :


2

2
8


19 :


3










3


1 1:


2: 3:


1:

1:


5.


3
5

1:


13


1:

4: 1:


3
2





10


1I


1:


2










3:


: .er


1:



2



1:




4:


5 3 7 5 19






*.1?


Table 21. Listers and lister cultivators of different sizes reported by
type-of-farming areas, Northern Great Plains, 1933

State and :
type-of- :List-: Size of listers :Lister: Size of lister cultivators
farming :Farms: ers : 1- : 2- : 3- :culti-: 1- : 2- : 3- : 4- : 5-
area : row : row : row :vators: row : row row : row : row
: Num- : um- : Nun- : Numn- : Num- : I urn- : lium-: Nun- Hun- : Num- :Ilum-
: ber : ber :ber : be r ber : ber : ber ber : ber ber :1er
.
North Dakota : : : : : : : : : :
170 37: 2 2: 2 : 2 2
171 48 3: : 3: : :

South Dalota: : : : : : :
182A 27: 1: 1: : : :
180 30 3: 1 2: : 3 2 1
176 41 6: 1 5: : 9 1 8
179 : 19 24 7 17: 22 2 : 14 2 3: 1
182B : 26 : 31 : 17 : 13 : 1 : 20 : 1 : 16 : 1 : 2 :
175 29 4 : ?14: : 5 4 1: :
142A and 177 27 14 3 11: 11 5 2 4:

Nebraska : : : : : : :
184 47 44 : 14 26: 4 40 3 : 25 9 3:
185 22 22: 3 17: 2 20 :16 2 2:
Montana .
...a a. :: : : : : :
137A 34 : 9: 7 2: : 8 1 7
119B 23 : 1: 1: : : :
118 : 29 : 3: 2 1: :; 4 4
114 46 : 1 : 1
88A 42 : 3: 3: : :
120 : 2 : 2: : 2: : 1: : 1

Wyoming : : *
146A 30 22 1 15 6 18 1 9 7 1:

Total 577 .195 : 61 :121 13 163: 9 113 24 :16 1


.






28.


Table 22. Disk drills of different sizes reported by type-of-farming areas,
Northern Great Plains, 193j

State an.d : : _____ Size of disk drills'_
type-of-fanning: Farms: Disk : 6-7 : 8-9 : 10-11: 12-1Z: 14-15: 16-17: 18-21
area : :drills: foot : foot : foot : foot : foot : foot : foot
:Nunber :Number :Number: Number :Number :Number :Number :Number :Number


Minnesota
225A
226
225D
227A
227B
North Dakota
225B
173
174A
168
169
172
170
171
136
139
166
South Dakota
181
182A
174B
180
176
179
182B3
175
142A an,! 1
j ebraska
184
185


Montana
137A
U9B
U19
113
114
115
118
87D
88A
120
Wyoini ng
146A


Total


*

IF
11
*
0
*

II
*
*
*


It
*
*
*
ft
4
ft
*
*
*
4
*
!*
*
*
t
*
4

(I
*
*
*
*
*
*
M

*
II
*
tt
H
*

77 :
ft
*
*
*
t
*
n
*
*
4ft
r
*
*
*
*
*
*
ft
*
11
i>
11
*

*
*
iff
*
K
n
*


43
16 :
20
25 :
29

12
34
52
40
36
55
37
48
70
19
40 :


352
27
51
30
41
19
26
29
27


47
22



2z?
29 :
50
46
26 :
41
22
42
20

30


46
16
22
23
30

16
27
72
52
31
57
34
52
75
212
4 :


33
7
34
21
42
21
19
35
25


40
17

35
28
33
60
53
27
58
48
25
23

20


3 4

3
5

1







9
1: 1:
1:
1







2 4
: 1








2
3 3

4

3 17







7
S 2,










6
1: 91:

















4








2 1
: 17:








2 4
: 7

















1 3

20 1524:
2: 18:

2: 4 :

1: 3:

i0 : 152


41
9:
20
20
23

14
22
61
49
31
44
24
49
61
17
25

27
7:
23
14
32
9
11
27
18

17
7

19
14
27
41
28
12
51
23
6
6:


9

938


2




1:

1:
1:
7



7
1:
1:
6:
3
4

2

8:
1:
3
2
1:
3



3
1:

3 :

11

6:
13
8
3:
5
1 :
8:

6:

122


3

2





4
2
2

2



6:
1:
10

3:




6:
8:
1
3:
3



1:

6:
3:
2:
1:
9:
1:




3:

1:

83:


1:

2:






















1:














4:


:1,270 :1.321 :


I






29.


Table 23. Deep-forroW drills of different sizes reported by type-of-farming
areas, Northern Great P-ins, 1933


State and: : : Size of deep-furrow drills _____ __
type-of- : :Deep- : : :
farming : Farns:furrot: 4- 7- : 8- : 9- : 10- : 12- : 14- : 16-
area : :drills: foot : foot : foot : foot : foot : foot : foot : foot
: Number: NumhL4e: r:1utnb r : Nunbor .iJurb -r : urtlbr : ribe r : Iurber : N durbr number

hMinnesot : : : : :


225A : 4.3 :
:


1 :


1 :


No. Dak.
172

So. Dak.
176
132B
142A L5: 177

Nebraska
184
185

Montana
113
114
115
116
87D
88A

Wyoming
146A


5: : 1 :


41 : 1 :
: 2 2 :
: 27 : 1 .4



47 : 3
22 5



50 : 3
46 : 1
26 : 21
41 : 1
22 2
42 : 1


30 21

:18 64


*
*
*
*
1 :


2





1:


1





1


C-

9.


1


9.

25


1.
1


3
1 :


1

10

1 :




t J
2
23 :


1










1~


1 :





1 :
1 :
1 :




4:

8


1:

i:


1:


*







30.

Table 24. Press drillsof different sizes reported by type-of-farming areas,
Northern Great Plains, 1933

State and: : : Size of press drills
type-of- : : : : : : : : :
farming : Farms:Press : 4- : 5- : 7- : 8- : 9- : 10- : 11- : 12-
area : :,Ltrills: foot : foot : foot : foot : foot : foot : foot : foot
: Number :Numb eor : Number :Numb rber : Number : iumbe r: Nbe r: Number :Number :Number


Minnesota:
225A :

No. Dak.
225B
17:,
174A
1690
172
170
166


43


12
34
52
30
55 :
37
40


So. Dak.
180 : 30
175 : 29
142-S 177: 27

Nebraska :
184 : 47
185 : 22

Monttrna
137A : 34
113 : 50
114 : 46
116 : 41
120 : 20

Wyoming
146A : 30

Total : 685


2


2
LO
1:
8 :






4
1:
3 :









4:



1:
4:
i :
2 :
1:


4:


73


3j
35













3 :


U.







1:


















5:


1:




















1:


1










1:


1:
4



1:








8:


1 :




















1:






1:



1:

4:


1:


2
7
1 :
3.
1:

7


7 :


1


3
4


1:
3:
1
1
1:


1:

41 :


1 :





1


5 : 3










Table 25. -


Grain drills of different sizes reported by type-of-farming area,
Pacific Northwest, 1933


State and
type-of-
farming
area


Oregon
56H
56D


Washington
46
56C
56A
56B
74
FI----


: Grain:
Farms:drills: 6-
:- .. :fo0 t


Hlun+1
ber

41
50


32
41
63
58
24


I:uID-
her

81
102


55
138
122
71
28


: lunm-
ber












*


Si-ze of Crain drills


7-
;foot
b elm-
ber







:1

*


: 8-
;foot
: : 'um-
ber

1



2

1
8
6
<


: 9- :10-
;foot ;foot
.^uxn-: :IUum-


ber

S1
: 4


ber

19
13


9
29
48
42
15

i


:11-
: foot
: NWTI-
.Num'-
:ber

S34
S29


533
S25
30
7


.12-
:foot

ber

12
S10


4
7
28
S 5
: 3


:14- :18-
;foot; foot
M Num- : K,:um-
.:ber :ber


4 5








: S


Idaho
56E
79
90
91A
92A
Total


33 42 5 6 14 6 11
:15 :21: : 2 2 11: : 6:
24 34 1 7 9: 10 7
29 41 2 4 15 12: 3: 1: 5: 1
15 18 1 :2 : 4: 6 2 1: : 2
405 : 753 :__3 : 8 : 51 : 204 215 171 : 89 : 5


I







32.


Table 26. Row planters and row shovel cultivators of different sizes, reported
by type-of-farming areas, Northern Great Plains, 1933

: : : : Row : Size of row shovel
State and : : Row :Size of row planters :s-ovel: cultivators
type-of-farming:Farms:plant-: 1- : 2- : 3- : 4- :culti-: 1- : 2- : 3- : 4-
area : : ers : row: row: row: row :vators: row: row: row: row


: Num-: Num- :Num- :Num- :Num- :Num-


Minnesota
225A
226
225D
227A
227B
North Dakota
225B
173
174A
168
169
172
170
171
.136
'39
166
South Dakota
181
182 A
1743
180
176
179
182B
175
14?'A & 177
Nebraska
184
185
Montana
137A
1191B .
118
113
114
115
11
88A
120
Wyoming
14T.a

Total


ber

S 43:
S 16:
S 20:
25:
29:

S 12:
S 34
S 52
40:
S 36:
55:
37 :
48:
S 70:
S 19:
S 40:

32:
* 27:
S 31:
S 30:
S 41:
S 19:
S 26:
S 29:
: 27:

S 47:
22:

-34
S 23:
S 29:
S 50:
S 46:
S 26:
S 41:
S 42:
S 20:

: 30:

:1,248:


b


er b

C8
14
17
26
30

8:
29
28
5
16
49
33
50
31
8
26

34
29
36
35
46
12
5
20
19

10
7:

23
10
12
9
2

4
3 :

4
1 :



7

706


'er :ber :ber

3 : 24: 1
14:
4 : 13:
2 : 21:
1 : 28:

8:
29:
1 : 26: 1
5:
1 : 15:
49:
33:
3 : 26: 1
1 : 30:
7:
1 : 25:

1 : 33
28: 1
324:

2: 27:
1 : 11:
1 : 4:
18:
19:

3: 7
6 : i:

i : 22:
10:
2 : 10:
8:
2
2 1
4
1
4



36 : 636: :


:ber





S 3
* 1












* 1




2
* 1
* 17


S 2














1




*8


Num-
ber

63
S 17
S 32
S 49
S 57

S 14
41
S 48
: 9
S 26
* 82
S47
S 50
S 52
10
S 36

S 64
S58
S 61
S62
S 91
S 27
S25
S 56
S 32

S 47
S 39

* 31
14
: 18
* 11
S 4
4
: 5
: I



S 32

:1,301


Num- : Num- : Num- :Num-
:ber :ber :ber :ber

S54: 7 : 2
S17:
* 23: 6 : : 3
S18:29: : 2
S26: 30 : : 1

S13: 1
S34: 7
34: 13 : 1
S8: 1
S21: 5 :
58:24:
S37: 10
S42: 8
S50: 2
: 9: : : 1
S31: 5

S37: 27
S23: 34 : 1
S22: 38 : 1
S23 38 : 1
S22 61: : 8
20: 5 : 1 1
S17: 8
S19: 15 : 1 : 1
S20:12

S30: 15 :
S 17 : : 2 : 1

S22: 9
13: 1
S15: 3
: 9: 1 1: :
S4
* 4:4
S 5:
1:
* 3: 3.:
35

S14: 14 : 4:

S815:4b1 : 16 : 19







33.


Table 27. Row


planters and row shovel ciultivators of different sizes reported
by ty'e-of-farming areas, Pacific Northwest, 1933


: Row : Size of row shovel
State and : : Row :Size of row planters:2hovel1: cultivators
type-of-farming :Farms :plant-: 1- 2- :culti-: 1- : 2- : 3-
area: : ers : row : row :vators: row : row : row
Nummber: TIumber: Number : Number :Number: Nur.ber :Number: Number
Oregon
56D : 30 1 : 1

Washington : : : : : :
56A 63: : : : 4 1 : 3
56B 58 2 1 : 1 7 5 : 2
74 24 1 1 : 8 8

Idaho : : : : :
56E 33 1 1 : 4 4
91A : 29 1: : : : : : 1


Total :237: 5 2 : 3 :24: 18 : 5: 1






34.


Table 28. Potato planters and diggers of different sizes, reported by type-
of-farming areas, Nprthern Great Plains, 1933

State and: : :Size of potato planters: :Size of potato dig"ers
type-of- : :Potato:
farming : Farms:plant-: 1- : 2- : 3- :Potato : 1- : 2-
area : : ers : row : row : row :diggers: row : row
:14umber:Number: Number: Number: Number:Number : Number: Number
Minnesota: : :
225A : 43: 23 16 7 : 24 24
226 : 16: 3 3: : : 4 4
225D : 20: 13 13: : : 12: 12
227A : 25: 1 1: : : 2: 2
227B : 29: : : : 1 : 1
No. Dak. : : : :
225B : 12: 3 1 2 : 3 3
173 : 34: 1: : 1
168 : 40: 2 2: : : 1 1
169 : 36: 2 2: : : 1 1
172 : 55: : : : : 1: 1:
170 : 37: 1 1: : : 1 1
136 : 70: 1 : 1 :
139 : 19: 1 : 1: : : 1 1
166 : 40: 6: 6 4 4 :
,So. Dak.
181 : 32: 13: 11 2 11 10 :
182A : 27: 1 : : 1 : 1 1
174B : 31: 3: 3 3 3
180 : 30: 1: 1 2 2
176 : 41: 3: 3 1 1
182B : 26: 1 1:
175 : 29: 2 2 1 1
1.2AC. 177 : 27: : 1 : 1
Nebraska: : :
184 : 47: 14: i 3 : : 16 16:
185 : 22: 18 9 : 1 : 22 18: 4
Montana : : :
137A : 34: : 1 : 1 :
114 : 46: 2 2: : : 3 3:
115 : 26: 2 2 1 1:
116 : 41: 1 1 : : 1 1
m : 42: 1 : 1 2: :
Wyoming: : : : : :
146A : 30: 5: 3: 2 : 5: 5 :

Total :1,007: 123: 96 26 : 1 : 127 122: 5









5
I i !
.. =. ... .. '!:






35.


Table 29. Grain binders and headers of different sizes reported by type-of-
tfarming areas, Northern Great Plains. 1933


State and: : : :
type-of- : : Grain : Size of grain binders .: : Size o
farming u:Farms:binders: 6- : 7- : 8- : 10-: 12-:Headers: 8- : 10-:


f headers
12-: 14-: 16-


area



Minnesota
225A
226
225D
227A
227B

No.Dakdta
2253
173
174A
168
169
172
170
171
136
139
166

SSo..Dakota
181
182A
174B
180
176
179
182B
175
142A & 177:


:foot:foot:foot:foot:foot:


Nurn-;
ber


43:
16:
20:
25:
29:


12:
34:
52:
40:
36:
55:
37:
48:
70:
19:
40:


32:
27:
31:
30:
41:
19:
26:
29:
27:


Nebraska
184 : 47:
185 : 22:

Montana
137A : 34:
i19P : 23:
118 : 29
113 50:
114 : 46:
115 : 26:
116 : 41:
87D : 22:
88A : 42:
120 : 20:

Wyoming
146A : 30:

Total :1.270:


Num-


be


; Num-; Num-:Num-:.Nurn -: Ium-:


.r :ber


64 :


18 :
28 :
29 :
33


16
43
50
72
66
51
34
44
83
19
60


39
28
39
34 :
44 :
13 :
24 :
24
25


40
21


29
IS
25
31
26
13
21
25
38
18

12


2 :
1 :

4









5
















2


2









5
10
2

1


:ber :ber :ber :ber


27:
10:
12:
8:
8:


13:
3:
2:
5:
13:
2:
2:
1:
13:
4:



16:
1:
1:





1:


2:
1:


5:
37:
5:
1:
1:

2:
7:
4:
2:

3:


34:
6:
14:
15:
21:


2:
33:
46:
66:
47:
47:
24:
35
66:
13:
49:


16:
24:
32
28:
26:
13:
19:
18:
13:


25:
16:


24:
12:
18:
22:
21:
13:
19:
11:
24:
14:

8:


3

1
6


7"






1

2
2
1


1
1









5

r1
1 :


:foot:foot:foot:foot:foot


Num-
ber


: Hum- : Mum- : Num- : Hum-: Num-


: ber
*


1:







1:

3
42
33
39
2

3



2
3
3
13


20
1


5
1


8
10
1
15
1
1:
2
4

8

5


:ber
*


1













1



1:


1
1
5
1























1:


1


:ber


:ber
*


1:

2 :
39 :
28 :
37 :
1 :

3



2
3
2
11


18



5
1


8 :
9 :
1
1:


4

7:


3


: ber


1

1:
1








1
1


2








1

4

1
1




2


1.298 34 178: 934:128 : 24 227 3: 10 :196 15


934:128 : 24


10 :196 :


16 :


1.298 :


34 :


178:


16


22? 3





36.


Table 30. Combined harvester threshers of different sizes reported
of-farming areas. Northern Great Plains. 1933


by type-


State and
ty"e-of-
farming
area


Mininesota
225A
225D

North Dakota
225B
173
169
172
171 .
136
139
166

South Dakota
181
174B
176
179
: 182B
175
142A and 177

Nebraska
184
185

Montana
137A
11%
118
113
114
115-
116
87D
88A
120

Wyoming
146A


Total


:Farms :Combines: 8- : 10-


Num-
ber

S 43:
20:


12:
S 34:
36:
S 55:
48:
70:
S 19:
40:


32:
31:
41:
S 19:
S 26:
S 29:
27:


47
S 22:


34:
23:
29:
50:
46:
26:
41:
S 22:
42:
20:


30:


1.014:


foot:foot
Num-: Num-
ber :ber


Num- :]
ber

1:
1:


2:
1:
1





5
3:
10
20 :
10
2:


1:
1:
5:
7:
3:
7
10


16
13


4:
8
14
32
28
23
17
2:
10
7:


18


277


1:










2
























3:


Size of combines


: 12-
:foot
:Num-
:ber


: 14-
: foot
:Num-
:ber


2




3:

1:









2


3:






2:
1 :

2


3:







19


: 15-
: foot
:Num-
:ber


1:






1:
2:
7
10
7.
1


1

1:
3
2

55


10
8


35
5:

14
9:
2
2
1:
5
4


14


125


1:








1:


1:







1:







1!

1:


1:


7 :


: 16-: IE
:foot:fooc
:Num-:Nun
:ber :bei


1:






1:








1:
4





3:
2
3:
3
5

1:



3:


27


n-


: 20-: 24-
:foot:foot
:Num-:Num-


1:



1:


3:
5
2






4
3:

2



2
1:



1:
2
14
13:
8:
4
1:
1:
2






70


her









:1











:1
5









1: 1

:1
3
1: 3
5









2 20


p I [ I


ber
















































:S


n i






37.


Tabln 31. Windrowers of different sizes reported by type-of-farmnning areas,
Northern Great Plains, 1933

State and : : I Size of windrowers
type-of-farming: Farms :Windrowersi 10- : 12- 1 16- : 20- 1 24-
area :1. : foot : foot: foot: foot : foot
Number: Number :Number:Number :Nunber: number: Ijumnber

Minnesota
225A : 43: 2 1 1
225D : 20 3 : : 1 2

North Dakota
225B : 12 2 : : 1
173 : 34 2 : 2
169 : 36 1 1: : :
136 : 70 6 : : 4 2
166. : 40 1 : : 1

South Dakota : : : :
18L : 32 1 : : 1
* 174B : 31 2 : : 1: : 1
176 : 41 4 : : 1: 3:
179 : 19 : 1 : 1
182B : 26 2 : : 1: : 1
175 : 29 3 : : 3

Nebraska
184 : 47 : 4 : 1 : : 3
: : : : :,
Montana : :
137A : 34: 5 : : 3: 2
119B : 23: 1 : : 1
118 : 29 1 : 1
871D : 22 1 : : 1
88A : 42 : 1 : : 1 1

Total 630 43 : 4 13 23 2 1




38.

Table 32. Grain binders and headers of different sizes reported by type-of-
farming areas, Pacific northwest 1933

State and: : : Size of grain binders : : Size of headers
type-of- : :Grain: : : : : : :
farming :Farms:bind-: 5- : 6- : 7- : -8- : 10-:lieader: 8- : 12- 14-: 16-
area : : ers :foot:foot:foot:foot:foot: :foot:foot:foot:foot
: Num-: um-:Num-:i Hum- :Nunm- :Num-:Nun-: Nun- :Nuvm-:Num-:Num-:Num-
ber : ber :ber :ber :ber :ber :ber : ber :ber :ber :ber :ber

Oregon : : : : : : : :
56H : 41 8: : 7: 1: :
b6D 30 21: 19 2
Wash. : : : : : : :
46 32 7 3 : 2 2 14 2 12
46 :2 7: : 2 2: : 14 : : 2:12:
56C : 41 42 1 :37: 4: :
56A 63 43 1 :15 : 18 : 9 21 1 5 15
56B 58 27: : : :23: 3 8 3 3 2
74 24 22: :1 14: 6 :: : 1
Idaho :
56E 33 30: : :10 20: : 1: : : 1
79 15 1 : 1
90 23 3: : 2 1: : 1: : 1:
91A 29 1: : : 1: : : 7 5 2
92A : 15 : 1 : : : 1 : :: : : :

Total :404 206 2 :84 52 64 4 52 1 16 32 3




Table 33. Combined harvester-threshers of different sizes reported by type-
of-farming areas, Pacil'ic Niorthwest, 1933

State and : _____Size of combines
type-of-farming:rarus:Corn- :10- :12- :14- :15- :16- :18- :20- :22- : 24-
area : :bines:foot:foot:Joot:foot:foot:foot;foot:foot:foot
Num- : Nun- :Nun- :1um- :Nunm:- : Nun- :Num- :Nun- :Num- :Num- :Num-
ber : ber :ber :ber :ber :ber :ber :ber :ber :ber :ber
Oregon : : : : : : :
56H 41 33: 1 10 4 :1 :12: 5:
56D :30 26: 4 : 2 :11: 3 : 5 1
Washington : : : : : : : : :
46 32 25: 3: : 6 :12: 2 : 2
56C 41 46: : 2 9 1 :15: 8 :2 3 6
56A 63 53: 10 : 7 5 :21 : 1 : 8 1
56B 58 28: 4 : 8 1 : 12: 3: :
74 24 10 : 5 :3 : :1 1: :
Idaho : : : : : : :
56E 33 20: 1 3 3 4 8 1
79 15 12: : 4: : : 5 3
90 23 22: 6 : 1 4 3
91A 29 20: 4 14 1 1
92A : 15 : 11 : 4 : 4 : : : 3 : : : :

Total :404 306 21 65 37 22:104 23 23 3 8







39.


Table 34. Row binders and corn pickers of different sizes, reported by
type-of-farming areas, Northern Great Plains, 1933

State and : : :Size of row binders: :Size of corn pickers
type-of-farming: Farmns: Row : 1- : 2- : Corn : 1- : 2-
area : :binders: row : row :pickers: rowv : row
:Number: Nunber: Nunber : I.murber : llumrber: Humber : Number


Minnesota
225A
226
225D
227A
227B
North Dakota
225B
173
174A
168
169
172
170
171
136
139
166
South Dakota
181
182A
174B
180
176
179
182B
175
142A and 177
Nebraska
184
185
Montana
137A
119B
118
116
Wyoming
146A

oTalu___


43 :
16
20:
25:
29 :

12 :
34:
52 :
40:
36 :
55 :
37:
48 :
S 70
19
40

32
27
31
30:
41 :
19 :
26 :
29
27

47
22

34:
23 :
: 29 :
41:



:1,064


24
112.
12-,
19
27

7
18
21
2:
7
34
26
235 :
8
6
17

25
7.
25
10
18
6
19

12

2:
6

16
6:
3 :



1 :


24
11
12
19
27

7:
17
21
2
7:
34
25
23
8
6
16

25
7:
25
10
13

?
6 :
17

12

2:
6:

16
6:
r.
1:

1:


414


1





1



1








2


5
6



3:


2

1:





5
.4
2
7 :
1:
0
3:
1 :


1 :
2:


2
15



3


2

1





5
13
2
6
11
10
2
1


1
1


419 a 83 '75 8


419 :


8
83 :


75 :


8


............









Table


:ber :ber :ber:ber :ber :b


Minnesota:
225A : 43:
226 : 16:
225 : 20:
227A : 25:
227B : 29:


No.Dakota:
225B
173

168
169
172
170
171
136
139
166
So.Dakota:
181
182A
174B
180
176
179
182B
175
142A & 177:
Nebraska
184
185
Montana
13?
119B
118
113
114
115
116
87D
88A
120
Wyoming :
146A


12:
34:
52:
40:
36:
55:
37:
48:
70:
19:
40:

32:
27:
31:
30:
41:
19:
26:
29:
27-

47:
22:

34:
23:
29:
50:
46:
26:
41:
22:
42:
20:


50:
23:
28:
29:
30:

16:
45:
33:
51:
40:
81:
38:
47:
72:
21:
46:

31:
27:
48:
44:
72:
38:
22:
39:
29:

50:
18:

38:
20:
28:
27:
31:
20:
35:
25:
48:
24:


30: 23:
50; 23:


S
44:
20:
20:
26:
25:

14:
43;.
32:
51:
39:
67:
33:
46:
71:
20:
44:
*
D
25:
24:
42:
35:
5:
3:
10:
38:
12:
*
23:
5:
*
33:
17:
26:
23:
21:
14:
33:
25:
45:
14:
12:
12:


5: : 42:
3: 17:
6 1: 23:
3: :
2 2: 27:

2: : 12:
1: 33:
11 :51:
46:
1: 357:
13: 62:
2 34:
1: : 45:
1: : 67:
1: 19:
1 41:
JW
5: 1: 25:
2: : 21:
6: : 32:
9: : 33:
49: 17 53:
22: 13: 20:
12: : 22:
1: 26:
15: 2: 29:

25: 1 44:
12: : 16:
S S
4: : 32:
2: : 17:
2: 28:
2: : 23:
6: 1 30:
4: 1 19:
1: : 32:
: : 17:
33:
9: 1: 17:

10: 1 21:


* S C C C S S C S


Total :1270:138*: 25:100: 237: 45:1169: :
Total :1270:1387: 25:1080; 237: 45:1169: 7:


S2:

1






5: 1 :







1:
1
1
2:
: i:
1:







1:
1:
1:


2:


23:


9:
33:
46:
45:
36:
51:
33:
45:
65:
15:
35:
S
20:
17:
16:
29:
13:

8:
20:
20:

32:


27:
16:
23:
21:
24:
18:
29:
16:
29:
17:

17:
* s


9: 961:
9: 961:


:Fhnns:









41.


Table 36. Mowers and sulky rakes of different sizes, reported by type-of-
farming areas, Pacific iLorthwest, 1933

State and : Size of movers : :Size of' sulky rakes
type-of-farming:Farms:Mvowers: 4- : 5- : 6- : 7- :Sulky: 6- : 8- : 9- 10-: 12-
area : : :foot:foot:foot:foot:rakes:foot:foot:foot:foot:foot
TI
Num-: Num- :Nun- :lua- :Num- :IQun- ,um- : um--: Nun- : Ijurn- :Ilur- :LuM-
: ber : ber :ber :ber :ber :ber :ber :ber :ber :ber :ber :ber

Oregon : : : : :
56H 41 23 : 23 : : :18 : 1 17:
56D :30 24 :22: 2 22: : :21: 1
Washington : : : : : : : :
46 :32 10: : 8 1 : 1 11 :11
56C 41 :35 5: : : 1: : 30 1
56A 63 26 :25 1 25: : :22 1
56B 58 64 :54 10 54: 2: : 51 1
74 24 16 :15: : : 14: : 1 2 :11
Idaho : : : : : : : : :
56E :33 27 :27: : :25: : : :24
79 :15 17 :17: : :15: : :1: 13 1
90 23 24 :24: : :20: : : 20
91A 29 30 1 :28: : : 27: : :3 23: 1
92A 15 17 : :16 1: :16: : : :16:

Total : 404 :313 : 1 :294 : 17 : 1 : 276 : 1 : 3 : 7:259 : 6





42.


RATES PER DAY OF DOING FIELD WORK "'ITE BD2LnSrES OF DIFFERENT KITS
AND SIZES V11h' DRAWN WITH HORSES AND WITH TRACTORS

From the standpoint of least time required to perform different field
operations, the implements in use should be those which, under particular soil
and topographic conditions, fit the available power unit, whether it be animal
power or tractor power. The level to rolling topopraphy thich prevails on
grain farms in the northernn Great Plains, together with fams of relatively
large size, particularlyy adapts the employment of tractor power on field imple-
ments to this region. The change from horses to tractors has been a fairly
rapid one, and while this change has been taking place, in some instances, horse-
type equipment of improper size and type has been used with tractors. Operators
of such equipment cannot hope to equal the performance of other farmers ho have
implements properly related to their power units.

In the Pacific Northwest, where the prevailing topography is rolling to
hilly, tractors have not displaced horses on grain farms as a source of power
to draw field implements to so large an extent as in the Northern Great Plains,
and this, in spite of the fact that the farms are larger than in the Northern
Great Plains. In the Pacific Northwest, tractors have been used longer than in
the Northern Great Plains. Mainly because of the steeper slopes, track-laying
tyoe tractors predominate, and the power employed to draw field implements is
more in keeping with the implements in use.

The average accomplishment of field implements of most common size,
when drawvr with horsesand with tractors, is shovn for the Northern Great Plains
in table 37 and for the Pacific Northwest in table 38. There are other com-
binations of implen-ents and power that differ in size from those shown in these
tables, of course, but only those that are in sufficient nu bers to give a
fairly reliable figure on ac-omnlishment ner day are shown.

Plowing with horses in the Northern Great Plains was confined mainly to
2-botto-: or smaller moldboard plows. Larger plows were drawn mainly with trad-
tors. A 5-horse team was the most co-aon source of nower used on 2-bottom
moldboard plows and the addition of another horse to make a 6-horse team did not
result in a greater work accomplishment -er day. Likewise, an increase in
motive power over that supplied by a 15-horsenower tractor on a 3-bottom 14-
inch moldboard plow did not result in covering a greater number of acres per
10-hour day. However, the use of a 20-horsepower tractor instead of a 15-
horsenewer tractor with a 4-bottom 14-inch moldboard plow resulted in an In-
crease of about 19 percent in acres plowed per 10-hour day. VertiCal-disk
plows were all drawn with tractors and covered about 3 acres of ground per day
per foot of width. WVith a 10-foot vertical-disk plow drawn with a 15-.-orse-
power tractor a-nroximately 17 percent more acres were covered in a 10-hour day
than with a 7-foot vertical disk plow drawn with the same power.

Plowing in the Pacific Northwest was almost entirely with the moldboard
plow. The amount of power used on a Liven size cf implement was somewhat larger
and the number of acres covered per 10-hour day was somewhat smaller than in
the Northern Great Plains. The use of an 8-horse team instead of a 6-horse
team, on a 2-bottom 14-inch moldboard plow did not result in a greater accomp-
lishmer.t per 10-hour day. M.oldboard plows of 4-bottoms and larger were almost
entirely drawn by tractors. The 25-horepower crawler-type tractor was the
most -or.or. source of power for 4-bottomr. and larger moldboard plows. An increase
in size of plow for this power resulted in an increase in acreage covered per
10-hour day.






4 .


Single-disk harrows in the Northern Great Plains were drawn almost entire-
ly with horses, whereas tandem-disk harrows were largely drawn with tractors.
Somewhat more power was used on tandcm-disk- harrows of a given size than or:
single-disk harrows but the acreage covered rur 10-hour day ,-as practically th;i
same for each type of disk harrow resulting in quite a material saving of time
by the use of the tandem disk when it is necessary to disk the land more than
once. Disking in the Pacific Northwest was almost entirely with the tandem-
disk harrow drawn with horses. The rates of accomplishment were quite comparable
with those in the Northern Great Plains.

Spike-tooth harrows used in the Northern Great Plains were mainly those of
from 15 to 28 feet in width drawn with from 4 to 6 horses, the most common size
of outfit being the 20-foot harrow drawn with 4 horses. For spike-tooth harrows
of that size the use of a 6-horse team instead of 4 horses resulted in an increased
accomplishment of only 5 percent. For spike-tooth harrows larger than 20 feet, an
increase in number of horses resulted in an aprreciable increase in acres covered
per 10-hour day. Trnctors of 10 and 15 horsepower were most commonly used as the
motive power for tractor-drawn spik3-tooth harrows. The use of the larger trac-
tor on a given size of implement did not result in greater accomplishmc-nt per day.
The usual rate of accomplishment iof spike-tooth harrows drawn with horses was
approximately 2 acres per day per foot of -;,idth whereas that of spiko-tooth- harrows
drawn with tractors was approximately 3 acr-es per day per foot of width. Horse-
drawn spike-tooth harrows in the Pacific northwest were mainly' those of from 10
to 32 feet in width and were drawn ;.with from 4- to 8-horse teams. The most com-
mon size of implement was the 20-foot harrow draw with either 6 or 8 horses.
The usual rate of accomplishment for horse-drawn spike-tooth h.rrows mras approxi-
mately 2 acres per day per foot of width while that of tractor-drawn spike-tooth
harrows was approximately 2.5 acres per day per foot of v.idth. Spring-tooth har-
rows were of minor importance in both the Northern Great Plains and in the
Pacific Northwest.

Duckfoot cultivators used in the IJorthorr Great Plains were mainly those
of from 7 to 12 feet in width, those of over 2 feet in width being mainly drawn
with tractors. Horse-drawn duckfoot cultivators covered approximately 2 acres
per day for each foot of vr width whereas tractor-propelled implements covered about
3 acres etr day for each foot of width.

Weeding with rod or blade weeders in the Pacific Northwest was mainly with
horses. The rod weeders in most general use were from 10 to 36 feet in width
while blade weeders in general use were from 12 to 36 feet in width. The most
cor-on size of horse-drawn rod and blade weeder was one of 12-foot width drawn
with ei~h~r 6 or 8 horses. The use of an 8-horse team instead of 6 horses did
not result in a greater accomplishment rer 10-hour day.

Listing in the Northern Great Plains was mostly with a 2-row implement
drawn with tractors. The 2-row lister drawn with a 15-horsepower tractor accom-
plished 54 percent more work in a 10-hour day than when drawn with 6 horses. In
a few areas of the Northern Great Plains it is a cormaon practice to use =,all
packers behind moldboard plows. Packers 'not used in connection with moldboard
plows were mainly those of from 9 to 16 feet in width. They were drawn almost
entirely with 4 horses. An increase in vwidth of packers resulted in an increased
accomplishment per day but not always in proportion.

Planting potatoes in the Northern Great Plains was mainly with a 1-row
planter drawn with 2 horses. The use of 4 instead of 2 horses to draw the 1-row
planter resulted in 14 percent more acres being covered per 10-hour day.





44.


Planting corn in the Northern Great Plains u;as with 1-, 2-, and 4-row
planters but by far the greatest amount of this work WP.s with a 2-row planter
draw-n with 2 horses. Two-row plart.crs drawn vith 2 horses accomplished 55 per-
cent more work per day than a 1-row planter draw with the same power. A 4-row
plaEr.'.-r propelled with tractor power covered about 195 percent more acres per
day than the 2-row machine drawn with 2 horsc-s.

Grain drills in use in the Northern Great Plains were mainly those of from
8 to 20 feet in width, the majority being 10-foot disk drills drai.-n with 4 horses.
A chLnt;O in Dower from 4 horses to a 10-horsepowcr tractor to draw the 10-foot
drill resulted in a 55 percent incr-ase in acres covered per day. An increase in
tractor power over the 10-horsepower tractor in connection with a 10-foot drill
did not result in an appreciable increase in accomplishment per day. Horses were
not used with drills of more than 12 feet vidth. The use of a 20-foot instead of
a 12-foot drill drawn with a 15-horsepov:er tractor resulted in an increase in
accomplishment per day of about 40 percent. Grain drills in the Pacific North-
west were of the disk, hoe, and shoe type, the majority being disk drills drawn
with horses. The use of a 10-foot drill drawn "w4ith 4 horses instead of a 6-foot
drill drawn with the same power resulted in an increase in accomplishment of
approximately 57 percent. Cultivating corn in tho northern Gren't Plains was with
1-, 2-, and 3-row cultivators. Two-row cultivators drawn with 4 horses covered
approximately twice as much acreage per 10-hour day than did 1-row cultivators
drawn with 2 horses.

Mechanical harvesting of corn was alm-ost entirely with the 1-row binder
drawn with horses. Binders of this size drawn with 4 horses did not accomplish
more work per day than when a 2-horse team supplied the nower.

Grain hav-wsting in the Northern Grsat Plains was with binders, headers,
and combines. Harvesting with the binder wa.s the most common method. Combines
ranked second in iinoortance with only a limited acreage harvested with the
header. Eight-foot binders and taelve-foot headers and combined were the ones
in most common use. The 8-foot binder drawn with a 15-horsepower tractor accom-
plished about 40 percent more work in a given time than a binder of the same size
drawn with 4 horses. Likewise, a 16-foot combine drawn with a 15-horsepower trac-
tor accomplished about 53 percent more work in a given time than a 10-foot combine
drawn with the same power. Grain harvesting in the Pacific Northwest was with
binders, headers, and combines, but the combine was by far the most common har-
vesting method. Horses were utilized to draw these machines to a much larger
extent than in the Northern Great Plains and because of a more rugged topography
in the Pacific Northwest the accomplishment per 10-hour day for implements of
comparable size and drawn by the same power was considerably less than in the
Northern Great Plains.

Harvesting of hay in both the Northern Great Plains and in the Pacific
Northwest was largely with 5-foot mowers and 10-foot silky rakes drawn with
2 horses. The rate of accomplishment in the Northern Great Plains was approxi-
mately 2 acres per 10-hour day for each foot of width while in the Pacific North-
west the accomplishment was slightly less.









Table 37. -
sizes


Rates of doing field work with ir.plements
when drawn with horses and with tractors,


of different kinds arind
Northern Great Pl',i:;s


Operation : ind and size of implenent l/


:Rmports: Povwer used 2/'

: I.ur'ber r


: covered
:per 10-hour
: day
: Acres


Plowing


2-bottom 14-inch moldboard plow
do
do
2-bottom 12-inch moldboard plow
2-bottomr 14-inch moldboard plow
2-bottom 16-inch moldboard plow
3-bottom 14-inch moldboard plow
do
do
do
do
do
do
3-bottorn: 16-inch roadbcard plow
4-bottomr 141-inch moldbcard plow
do
do
do
40-inch disk plow
bO-inch disk plow
7-foot vertical disk plow
9-foot vertical dish plow
10-foot vertical disk plow
do
8-foot single-dish harrow
do
9-foot single-disk harrow
1G-foot sinrle-disk harrow
do
do
do
14-foot single-disk harrow
20-foot single-disk harrow
8-foot tandem-disk harrow
do
do
do
10-foot tandem-disk harrow
do
do
do


64
219
143
12
90
17
45
4 2
10
237
21
30
13
12
43
7
27
19
15
10
43
38
17
13
164
26
21
28
21
36
24
8
8
22
14
44
43
27
133
20
14


: 4 horses
: 5 horses
: 6 horses
: 10-hp tractor
S do
do
: 8 horses
: 10-hp tractor
: 12-hp tractor
15-,p trlictor
17-hp tractor
18-hp tra.ctor
20-ho tractor
15-hp tractor
15-hp tr-actor
17-hp tractor
18-hp tractor
20-hp tractor
15-hp tractor
do
S do
S do
S do
18-hp tractor
i horses
5 horses
4 horses
S do
5 horses
6 horses
10-ho tractor
: 10-hp tractor
: lb-hp tractor
: 6 horses
: 8 horses
: 15-hp tractor
: 10-hp tractor
S do
: 15-hp tractor
: 18-hp tractor
: 20-hp tractor


Disking


5.0
5.3
5.3
7.1
8.0
9.5
8.4
11.1
11.0
12.4
11.6
13.I
12.3
14 0
14.3

14.
17.3
17.0
10.4
1 2.6
23. 0
25.8
'6.9
27.8
31.6
l.0
16.6
17.3
19.1
1,'. 4
0. 1
CO.8
33.5
q6.3
67.1
17.1
17.5
27.5
25.7
31.3
31.5
52.2
30.7




46.


Table 37. Rates of doing field work with implements of different kinds and
sizes when drawn with horses and with tractors, northern Great Plains -
Continued


Harrowing


: do
: 9-foot duckfoot cultivator
: do
* 10-foot duckfoot cultivator
: do


*
*
*
Operation : Kind and size of inplenent ]_/
*
*
*
*


: Acreage
Covered
Power used 2/ :p0z 1J-hour
day
Acres


15-foot spike-tooth harrow
16-foot spike-tooth harrow
18-foot spike-tooth harrow
20-foot spike-tooth harrow
do
do
do
22-foot spike-tooth harrow
do
do
do
24-foot spike-tooth harrow
do
do
do
25-foot spike-tooth harrow
do
do
do
do
26-foot spike-tooth harrow
do
do
do
do
23-foot spike-tooth harrow
do
30-foot spike-tooth harrow
32-foot spike-tooth harrow
9-foot spring-tooth harrow
do
10-foot spring-tooth harrow
do
12-foot spring-tooth harrow
do
do
7-foot duckfoot cultivator
8-foot duckfoot cultivator


.Reports:

SILumber:

S 71
S 36
12
S176
22
S 45
S 31
S 21
12
S 5
3
S 77
23
S 36
S 15
7
6
S 17
14
7
* 67
S 38
S 38
5
S 5
S 8
: 3 :
S 22
S 8
S 4
2
S 3
S 5
* 3 :
S 5
S 12
S 7
10
S 7
S 20
S 36
: 9 :
S 34
S 6
S 5


4 horses
do
do
do
5 horses
6 horses
10-hp tractor
4 horses
5 horses
6 horses
10-hp tractor
4 horses
5 horses
6 horses
10-hp tractor
4 horses
5 horses
6 horses
10-hp tractor
15-hp tractor
4 horses
5 horses
6 horses
10-hp tractor
15-hp tractor
4 horses
15-hp tractor
15-hp tractor
do
4 horses
6 horses
4 horses
15-hp tractor
4 horses
6 horses
15-hp tractor
6 horses
4 horses
6 horses
do
15-hp tractor
6 horses
15-hp tractor
18-hp tractor
20-hp tractor


Cultivatirg


30.1
32.8
34.6
39.8
43.5
41.6
69.7
45.0
46.3
55.8
73.7
44.5
48.1
50.8
79.9
40.4
53.7
55.8
87.1
64.3
47.2
48.5
55.7
76.0
74.6
41.9
111.0
83.5
107.8
18.8
20.0
15.7
29.2
22.3
23.6
36.0
14.1
16.3
15.1
15.6
27.8
16.0
29.6
35.7
32.4






47.


Table 37. Rates of doing field work with implements of different kinds and
sizes when drawn with horses and with tractors, northern Greet Plains -
Continued


*
*

Operation ; Kind and size of implement \_1
*
*
*
*


Cultivating:
Oont.


Listing




Packing






Planting
potatoes
Planting
corn

Drilling
grain



















Cultivating:
corn


11-foot dulkfoot
12-foot duckfoot


cultivator
cultivator


do
do
1-row lister
2-row lister
do
do
9-foot packer
10-foot packer
11-foot packer
12-foot packer
15-foot packer
16-foot packer
1-row planter
do
1-row planter.
2-row planter
4-row planter
8-foot disk drill
9-foot dish drill
10-foot disk drill
do
do
do
do
11-foot disk drill
do
do
12-foot disk drill
do
do
14-foot disk drill
18-foot disk drill
20-foot disk drill
10-foot press drill
do
1-row shovel cultivator
2-row shovel cultivator


: do
: do
: do
: 2-row lister cultivator
: 3-row lister cultivator


:Rpports:

lumberr:

8:
34
'7
5
40
19
43
35
3
14
2
16
2
9
37
S22
15
589

61
34
:-30
34
75
13
13
149
35
10
18
24
40
39
4
12
12
9
547
15
37
296
43
66
15


Power used 2/




1.5-hp tractor
15-hp tractor
18-hp tractor
20-hp tractor
- horses
6 horses
10-hp tractor
15-hp tractor
4 horses
do
do
do
do
do
2 horses
4 horses
2 horses
do
10-hp tractor
4 norses
do
do0
lO-hp tractor
15-hp tractor
18-hp tractor
20-hp tractor
4 horses
10-hp tractor
15-hp tractor
4 horses
do
15-hp tractor
do
do
do
,L horses
6 horses
2 horses
do
3 horses
4 horses
10-ho tractor
4 horses
15-hp tractor


: covred'.
:per 10-hour
Sday,
SAcres

S :35.0
34.0
S34.6
S41.4
S 8.0
S14.8
20.8
S 22..
0.7
* 20.7

: 0.0
S20.2
S41.5
4?. 4)
: 42.4
: 5.7
S 6.5
S 8.9
S13.8
S40.7
17.1
18.7
20.3
31.5
30.9
34.2
S33.2:
S22.5
36.4
S37.3
20.3
24.6
S37.6
43.8
28.8
52.5
20.0
22.2
7.7
10.5
14,.4
15.3
S26.5
S17.7
37.2






48.

Table 37. Rates of doing field work with implements of different kinds and
sizes .when dravm with horses and with tractors, Northern Great Plains -
Continued

: : : Acreage
1 : : : covered
Operation : Kind and size of implement / : Reports : Power uzed 2/ :per 10-hour

,Nmber: : daycrs.
: : N~unber : : Acres


Harvesting
corn


Harvesting
grain


Moving hay

Rakinr hay


: 1-row binder
do
do
do
1-row corn picker
do
6-foot binder
: 7-foot binder
8-foot binder
do
do
:10-foot binder
do
:12-foot heuder
do
do
:10-foot combine
12-foot combine
do
:14-foot combine
:15-foot combine
:16-foot combine
do
: 5-foot mower
: 6-foot mower
:10-foot sulky rake
:12-foot sulky rake


S25
S302
72
S12
S 6
12
: 18
S143
S633
50
S35
S37
S55
*6 84
S62
S13
21
S142
18
S10
S23
49
13
S731
S141
S654
101


2 horses
3 horses
4 horses
10-hp tractor
6 horses
10-hp tractor
4 horses
do
do
10-hp tractor
15-hp tractor
10-hp tractor
15-hp tractor
4 horses
6 horses
10-hp tractor
15-hp tractor
do
18-hp tractor
15-hp tractor
do
do
20-hp tractor
2 horses
do
do
do


8.r
7.2
7.9
10.1
7.7
10.7
12.9
15.3
17.0
24.3
23.8
28.6
29.7
22.2
26.5
28.9
24.0
28.9
28.5
31.5
3404
38.0
38.3
9.7
12.1
20.1
23.9


l_ The size of implement is the working w.idth
more implements in cor.bin.ation hitch.


and in some cases represents 2 or


_/ In all cases where tractors are indicated as the source of newer those of
the high-vwhccl type vwcrc used.





49.


Table 38. Rates of doing field work with implements of different kinds and
sizes when drawn with horses and with tractors, Pacific Northwest


Kn a
Operation : Kind and size of implement j_ : Report: Power used
: :


Plowing


Disking


Harrowing


: 2-bottom 14-inch moldboard plow
do
: 2-bottom 16-inch moldboard plow
: 5-bottom 14-inch moldboard plow
do
do
do
do

: 3-bottom 16-inch mioldboard plovw
do

4-bottom 14-inch moldboard plow


4-bottom 16-inch moldboard
5-bottom 3.4-inch moldboard
6-bottom 14-inch moldboard
8-bottom 16-inch moldloard

7-foot tandem-disk harrow
do
8-foot tandem-disk harrow


:10-foot

10-foot
:12-foot
:15-foot

:16-foot

18-foot
:20-foot

:21-foot
22-foot
:24-foot

:25-foot

26-foot
:50-foot

:52-foot
:56-foot

:40-foot
48-foot
:60-foot


-low
plow
\:lo:'


do
tandem-disk harrow

spike-tooth harrow
spike-tooth harrow
spike-tooth harrow
do
spike-tooth harrow
do
spike-tooth harrow
spike-tooth harrow
do
spike-tooth harrow
spike-tooth harrow
s-:',iks-tooth harrow
do
spike-tooth harrow
do
spike-tooth harrow
spike-tooth harrow
do
spike-tooth harrow
spike-tooth harrow

spike-tooth harrow
spike-tooth harrow
spike-tooth harrow


number:
46 : 6 horses
52 : 8 horses
42 : do
42 do
48 : 9 horses
41 :10 horses
15 :12 horses
12 :15-hp high wheel
: tractor
34 :12 horses
5 :15-hp high wheel
:: tractor
16 :25-hp track type
tractor
17 : do
9 : do
9 : do
9 :50-hp track ty-e
tractor
6 horses
5 : 8 horses
8 : 6 horses
28 : 8 horses
8 :25-hp track tyre
tractor
5 : 4 horses
4 : do
16 : do
7 : 6 horses
10 : 4 horses
9 : 6 horses
10 : do
41 : do
57 : 8 horses
4 : do
7 : 6 horses
9 : do
55 : 8 horses
9 : 6 horses
19 : 8 horses
3 : 6 horses
12 : 7 horses
20 : 8 horses
40 : do
5 :25-hp track type
tractor
16 : do
5 : do
4 :50-hp track type
: tractor


: Acreage
covered
:per 10-
:hour day
: Acres
5.2
5.1
6.4
7.2
8.5
8.4
8.8

12.1
: 9.0

12.8

14.9
16.9
: 17.6
: 21.2

: 350.5
: 12,7
: 16.0
: 15.6
: 17.7

: 30.8
: 26.2
: 31.2
: 25.9
:: 51.0
28.0
29.3
534134.8
: 37.6
: 40.4
: 35.8
44.4
46.9
42.6
50.5
45.6
: 43.0
: 60.8
: 56.5
: 50,0

: 79,0
:104.1
:114.2

:185.5





I.. -' *

Table 38. Rates of doing field work with implements of different kinds and
sizes when dravm with horses and .ith tractors, Pacific Northwest Continued


Operation: Kind and size of implement i_/ :=Report: Power used
*


Harrowing







Weeding


Drilling
grain



















Harvesting
rrain


: 5-foot
: 6-foot
: 8-foot
: 6-foot
: 8-foot
: 9-foot
:12-foot
:10-foot

:12-foot


:20-foot
:24-foot
:36-foot
:12-foot

:16-foot

36-foot


: 6-foot
7-foot
8-foot
9-foot

:10-foot

11-foot
:12-foot
:20-foot

: 9-foot

10-foot

: 9-foot

:10-foot

: 6-foot


7-foot


spring-tooth
spring-tooth
spring-tocth
spring-tooth
spring-tooth
soring-tooth
s-ring-tooth
rod weeder
do
rod weeder
do
do
do


harrow
harrow
harrow
harrow
harrow
harrow
harrow


rod weeder
rod weeder
rod weeder
blade weeder
do
blade weeder
do
blade weeder


disk drill
disk drill
disk drill
disk drill
do
disk drill
do
disk drill
disk drill
disk drill

hoc drill
do
hoe drill
do
shoe drill
do
shoe drill

binder
do
do
binder


Number:
2 : 4 horses
5 : do
2 : do
3 : 6 horses
2 : do
2 : S horses
8 : do
12 : 6 horses
13 : 6 horses
108 : 6 horses
18 : 7 horses
116 : 8 horses
5 :20-hp track-type
tractor
3 :25-hp track-type
tractor
4 do
iS : do
10 : do
9 : 6 horses
4 : 6 horses
4 : 6 horses
8 : 8 horses
4 :25-hp track-type
tractor

2 : 4 horses
7 do
30 : do
23 : do
17 : 6 horses
19 : 4 horses
82 : 6 horses
30 : do
27 : do
11 :25-hp track-type
: tractor
7 : 4 horses
27 : 6 horses
5 4 horses
62 : 6 horses
11 : 4 horses
16 : 6 horses
4 : do

13 : 3 horses
37 : 4 horses
14 : 5 horses
45 : 4 horses


:Acreage
covered
:per 10-
:hour day
: Acres
: 11.5
11.0
15.5
11.0
16.0
14.0
19.9
21.7
17.8
23.9
23.4
23.4

25.0

60.0
55.8
70.2
88.0
24.7
24.2
32.5
26.4

83.8

13.0
14.4
17.4
20.3
18.1
20.4
22.0
23.7
28.4

56.5
18.7
17.2
20.2
20.7
20.0
20.1
24.2


7.5
8.1
8.6
9.2





51.


Table 38. Rates of doing field work with implements of different kinds and
sizes when drawn with horses and with tractors, Pacific Northwest Continued

:::Acreage
S: covered
Operation Kind and size of inlplement / :J Report: Power used :per 10-
:. : : : __________:hour day
Number: : Acres
Harvesting : 3-foot binder : 55 : 4 horses : 11.8
grain :12-foot header : 13 : 6 horses : 19.8
:14-foot header : 29 : do : 22.1
:10-foot combine : 19 : 8 horses : 17.0
:12-foot combine : 24 : do 19.5
do : 15 :12 horses 21.5
:14-foot combine : 8 :16 horses : 25.0
do 11 :25-hp track-tyoe
S: tractor : 25.6
:15-foot combine : 7 :25-hp track-type
S: tractor : 25.4
:16-foot combine : 14 :16 horses 29.4
Sdo : 30 :25-hp track-type
S: : tractor 35.8
:18-foot combine : 5 :50-hp track-type
S: tractor : 40.5
:20-foot combine : 5 :50-hp track-type : 40.5
tractor
Mowing hay : 4-foot mower 12 : 2 horses .0
5-foot mower : 170 : do 8.9
6-foot mower : 12 : do 10.0
Raking hay :10-foot sulky rake : 163 : do t: 19.3
:12-foot sulky rake : 7 : do 21.3


l/ The size of implement is the working width
more implements in a combination hitch.


and in some cases represents 2 or




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