References on the handicrafts of the Southern highlanders


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References on the handicrafts of the Southern highlanders
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Edwards, Everett Eugene, 1900-1952
U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Bureau of Agricultural Economics ( Washington, D.C. )

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oclc - 19406942
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/h$I.A j\ 1 j3L) Burtau rf Agri-:1 turn.l


Compiled by Everett E. Edwards, Asznci;.te Agriturl Ecrnr.irt,
Division of StaLtictic'il and "{irtriccl Fe>--rzh

i I
Introduction ..
-- I~i
'_ -~ '. ,T~ ,T-a ,

A greater variety and number of handLcraftz i-ir.- found in tnc
Southern Highlands than in any oth',.-r -,-ctio. cif tn.e Unitc-d Stntes.
Here the traditional crofts htve ;er-.i':tj rcm cclcni-"l ti-men ecCu-'C
of the more primitive lev;-l on 1.'.hich n.ciety i org-inizc'i a-.nd br-c..-u3
of the lack of comnunicntion and interch-Jne '.-ith thn -*xorld outride
the mountains. During recc-nt year. there hz b3-.z-n a mnerk-?d revival of
Handicrafts among the Southern Hi ahl.inders, largely an a result of t.-C
efforts of schools and individix 1 Iz..hi have c..cour.'-ged the mcjntain
people to make such articles for sal.-.:, and because -f a ,"i,:
appreciation of the beauty as well a- the utility of th-ir hmndivi.ork.

The Southern P'ighland Handicrar.ft Guild is dning- notable zervic.
in promoting cooperation beti,'cen the various c.'rftr--.en and nrnducing
centers and in encouraging originality .nd individ-'tlity,-, r-.rd decig-n,
and careful woroinrn'nhip. The exhibit -f .-ork by -Guild rr^.mb.-ro nmow
being circulated by the Amncrican Fedc-r'-ttion of Arts iz bringing; t hcsc
handicrafts to the attnnticn cf indiviiau-.lz -nd groves in the l-rriw
urban centers of Amnrica, ani is resulting. in P wider n.-ir]-et. The
proposal has recently been m.'ade th. t -il stor c, th-.t nror:-t- under
concession from the Federal Govermne!nt in th- '%r''t mrk, M'unt; in:r,
Shenandoah, and lcjnoth Cave n-tion.l1 pinrr-h. bc re tired tn buili tkc'ir
displays around th n:-tive mount.Ain hndicr:'.ft.

The incre-.sing interest in h.-rdicraifts gener: Ely ..nd t;n.-- of
the Southern Highlanders in particul r has li.-d to th cor' il..ticn rf
thi-s annotated bibliogr:,phy. Some f thl- rn terir.l r.-fcrr'.d t.'" r.
ephemeral but it has ben included in crd--r th- t the li:t nf r.:.f r ncr'
may be comprehensive. The index will be of nT.rtir'ul- r a.-ri.!t:LnC" in
locating references pertaining to s-pecific c.r ni:vatinn v n In ,'lir tn z.

Suggestions of pertinent additions will be .pproeri-.tcId.

S .i%,. ,!:

General References

Ambrose, iargaret A.
Hooked rugs bring cash to mountain communities. Ext. Serv. Rev.
(Washington, D. C.) 3:119-120, illus. September, 1932. (Il
"The hooked rug fireside industry as it has been developed on a
community-wide basis in two east Tennessee mountain communities....
The development of this handicraft in these two counties has been
largely due to the interest, and assistance of the extension service
through the county home demonstration agents, Mrs. Elizabeth
Lauderback, Hamilton County, and Inez Lovelace, Knox County."

Arthur, John Freston.
Western North Carolina, a history (from 1730 to 1913). 710 P. )
Raleigh, IN.C., Edwards & Bronghton Print. Co. 1914. (2):
Biblio-ranhy, P. 5.
See arts, p. 260-263; tanning hides and making shoes, p. 264-266; i
primitive tools and methods, p. 280-292; culture and manufacture of
flax, p. 2S2-2S3; agriculture, p. 289; dyes, p. 290..

Atwater, Mrs. Mary Meigs. :I
The shuttle-craft book of American hand-weaving. 275 p., illus.
New Yorl-, Macmillan Co. 192S. ()):
"Being an account of the rise, development, eclipse, and modern
revival of a national popular art, together 'with information of
interest and value to collectors, technical notes for the use of
weavers, and a large collection of historic patterns."
Part I cont-ins the following chapters: 1, Origins and development;
2, The decline of hand-weaving, and Weaver Rose; 3, The revival- modern
hand-w.aving; 4, Literature; 5, Collections; 6, Colonial coverlets-
types and age; 7, The lan-uage of weaving.
Part 2 pertA.ins to the technical side of weaving.
Review by Nellie I. Cr&bb in Mountain Life and Work 5 (l):295-3
(April, 1929).

B3ernat], P[aul].
Crafts in the Southern mountains. Handicrafter 3 (1):-41-44, illum. :
Noverxbur-December, 1930. (4)
"A few reeks spent in the Southern mountains, jaunting from craft
cente.-r to mountain school, demonstrated to me the rapid strides that
were bein- m:ue in the development of indigenous crafts as well as in
the introduction of new ones."
The Allr'nst'nd Cottage Industries and the Spinning heel at Asheville;
Mrs. S tone's nhop and the Blue Ridge beavers nf the Catheys at Tryon; the
AppaFlachian School, the WNavine Institute, and Miss Lucy Morgan's Weavers
and Potter, at P,-nland; the Cronasnorn's weaving department under the
direction of Mrs. H. N. Johnsnn; the Pi 3ota Phi Settlement School and
itn Arrow Craft Shop at -atlinburg; the Fireside Industries under the
direction of !Mrs. Anna Ernburg at Berea; the Mathenya on Ch-istmas Ridge
in th'i environs of Berea; the Churchill weavers at Berea.

Butler, Marguerite.
A dream corn true. !.iount'in Life -imd "'7rk 7 (3):1-., lll1-..
Octob,-.r, 1931. (5
Mio Frrances L. Goodrich -nd the r'.:idicr..fts of thi- .u'. rr.
ourt-Li.'e .rs,

Compbol1, OL.ive D.
A co-operating co-munity. ? Life anri crk 1 (I):'1-. .
April, 1 (6)
Among the cooperative orzani ati-nM- in the c1,'--r.1.nity of ? r.;:-...,
North Carolina, is a coon..-r.-tive handicraft a-.cci;'tir::.
For additional re'fereices on this c':ou2.ity zse tIe ,'-;'. C.
Ca.m-bell FolCk Sc'inol in FReferc:ice7 on the Sout'hrn Hi.::lqn",rs, by
Everett E. Edwards, issucd ':: the U. S. Der.;.rtment ,-f A,-ri :ul'tLrc
Library as its Bibliogra-.hicrl Cr..-Ltrib..tin.:- 2.

Eaton, Allen.
-" -ta 1.m c of Sou rn
A c.talo.-ue of mnulntain handicrafts o." the members of t' Soii rn
Highland Handicraft Guild.. .circ'..u.ted by the Amcrican Fcdcr.-.atirn Cf
Arts. [>:j p., illus. [n.p. 195',]. (7)
-he handicrafts of the Sout,' rn Hi.-hland:-., cy Allen Eaton, p. 5-11.
Price lists of the -oroducts of the micmbrs of th.P Guil'd, n. 12--7.
"The purpon-- of this exhiibition of the *.:ork of the Southern
Highlanl Handicraft Guild is to s-L. .z.t to the people :f our cc.-ntry
the quantity, quality, and variety of hannd wnrk which is dcne in tnc
area mno'vn :7s the Southern Hihl'mdz,. The Southrn Hi.-hland
Handicraft Guild is a coopnerating or7---riz-ti-n to which all craftsm.en
and handicraft -roducin.: centers are Pliiible whne '.7ork me,.-.ures up
to the huild's standard in cu'..lity, e.-"ign, and wor"-ianship. The
purpose of th.-: -uild is to onenc, urae not only cod design ani craftsman-
ship, but e:.pecially oritinalit:. and,, individuality in the thin-z made; and
to work out together problem \w..ich c:in..-o.t be solved by. the --parate
individual- or 'nroducin-- centc-rs alo.n."- Forw.'vrd.
The m-embers are: Allansta:;d C.tta.o :ndustrics, Aoheville, .. C.;
Asheville !formal and Associated Schocis, A:.heville, .N, C.; Azsoci.ate
mission of tlu.".t irini field, Va.; IMr. and A. E.
Ba-rnes, Murl, :y.; Micsz Joy ,imc' Brnton, Nndirsonville, N. C.; rc
CollL-e, Studnt Industries a.nd o.-. .':.ft Shon, rca, .,-; Blue
Ridge Inrustri..-.l School, Bris, Va.; Car'r rc .r; Corn .unit- ",iter, 'nrr
Creek, :nd... r. T ii;.n-. In- da i ... -rt.-i,-, M.C.; Crc n :
School, Inc., Croznore, 2.C.; Dorlhnl--,-ll sc:ool, t :ri:, :.C;
Mrs. G-or--ia M. M. ffi l.d, "-atlinbu:-.C, T:nin.; :ind.min Settlr!.,nt i- ol,
Hindman, 7,y.; Hoem-)lace, Ary, Y".; J-.n C. C:F .b.?ll 7ik c .--I,
Brassto-.-n, ,. C.; John and 1,ary ..arle Sc'.-l of Inau.tri-l Arts,
Hi., ins, C.; "Mt.},ny e, '.'-v r-:, B r>- r y.; 'Miss Mo. .'rrill, 0:7r. l,
3.C.; Mi-.-. Lucy :Iiorgii, P?, ..C.; mountaini n Cabin Zuilttr.., ".ct-n,
Ky.; Mountain Ui.:hbors, Oldr-.g-, "'a.; ,rmuntine-r Craft:-.:-ncs C ",'-
tive Acsociatiom, ;.or:anto.7n, 7'. ".; P.nland Tav.crz. an! Fttcr:,-,
Penland, I'.C.; Pi ?eta Phi -ettl-m-.-nt Sc.-incl, Gatlinbur_, 7-:-., Fino
:.'ou:ntai;. G-ttlem,-nt School, Pine ],'Iv.., n, :Iy.} isr Liui.-. Fi*.f,.:n,

ransstown, N.C.; Pleasant Hill Comiunity CraftB, Pleasant Hill, Tenn.; :
Mrs. John F.orex, Maryville, Tena..; The Shuttle-Crafters, Russellville,
Tenn.; The S ninnin Whreel, Beavtr Lake, Asheville, N.C.; Tallulah Falls
Industrial School, Inc., Tallulah Falls, Ga.; Tryon Toy-Lakers and Wood-
Carvers, Tryon, 1.C.; Weave Shnr, Sal-,da, NI. C.; Wood-Craft Shop, Gatlin-
burg, Ten:..; 7coton Fireside Industries, Wooton, 7y.

Eaton, Allen.
mountain n handicrafts. South. Llountain Life and Wnrk 2 (2):17-22. 1
July, 1546. (s)
"What they mean to our home life and to the life of our country."

The mountain handicrafts: their importance to the country and to
the ptnool in the mountain homes. Mountain Life and tork 6 (2):22-30, .1
iliu. July:, 19o. (9)J

Edwards, Everett E., compiler. i
References on the SouthLern hirhlinders. U.S. Dept. Ar. Libr. i
Bibliograsnhical Contributions ?4. February, 1934. 10(
In addition to an introduction and a section of general references* ,.ii
this biblio-rairhy has sections on agriculture, handicrafts, textile
milln, coal mining, church activities, education, public health, and. "I
folklore and folk songs.

Eppc, Julia Katherine. _*I
The spinning wheel. Prng. and South. Ruralist (Car.-Va. ed.)
47 (17):21. 7rovenber, 193j2. (14
"gh Sninni ch
"The Spinning Theel is a 7oman's Txchange, the members of which i
reside in the four corners of thr state [North Carolina]. They send.
in their articles on nhich they, themselves have set the value." It
is located on the southwestern edge of Aberdeen, in Moore County,
Horth COrolinn. Mrc. Cliff Page is the hostess and Mrs. yals operates
the curb mnr.:-t. Farm products, pottery, hooked rugs, quilts, spreads,
aiii all kir:z of plain and fanc- ne-dlework are amon- the things offered i
for salc. "

Ernburr, Anna M..
Hizt'ry of fireside industries.. Hanidicrafter 1 (1l):12-l, illus. .
October, 1i?. (12)

Erskine, Ralnh.
The handicraftsmen of the Blue Bidge. Craftsman 13:15S-167, illus.
;;overb.r, 1907. (13)
Th2; l:int two ages deal particularly with pottery making at
Juzg town, N, C.

aoc'drich, Fr77c', Loa! ia.
M'u,, t3in -. ',, p., i lu- "' .v*.:., Y", le ",iv. ?.: .-- ;
T ,, -, 'i l '^ i c-' : ^ iv ?re- -.. ','. 19 -1 (I. ')
L,- & .., IT* I C 1 v, L 1.
''-. v-,i.U -.. i- t..- foii teent., ..-re ",,.:' ,'-*,i b. t..r Y. ",1-'.. rsity
Pr..-.-s n tne Az-x:'a Stc:. nU t.2.-' a .1e u, li-'.ti- ,'r :.
"IT..i ir. -. r-ccrd 0 a n rati-. ti:.-.'t i-.- r- .. --. ;.-.
world rcf c':"1c. it tells is You -will r.t ftn i -' 1:-.r1
Creek t:i-v .i ycu i.mnt frr it."
In Fart 1, T]- crafts, t>, .'h.oter titles ar.: 1, :,. '-11 r-:ftz
(wer.,'' i ,; h.c th'w I nom rrv:-''. conte1T;'n, s.; the *- 'irI .: *::; cct. n;
linu :,-',-cl ,:>;.' j '.-'.:z; w'... :..n\ sl..;,'l-. I --::'. ; *i'... :. : -.r-A ,'.'.-. y ;
'p -k
s-,readl, tuf't.-d :u.i t,_n.-,t-o4; q- il t-; '" .'. ts; ".. r- i.' r f.z..-. -1;j.
tuos ',nd .r, f' rt2., nottery), t ;-- '; 2, Revival crafts in tr
South-.rn A-n-.lac-".i.ns (t>. AL 'n-ti!.! Got e irnluztries, o. 1-' ';
t'e Biltrrm-re E-t-ite, p. 3'2 ; i 7 .-.: .. rs -ri -n.->:rv. r.:
Tryon, I.C., p. >4-.5 ), p. .1-'.
P.rt r The people: 1, A 'inner, "-2; 2, Bia':- -.. "s .-U,
p. U4-y F; j, A lins3-y--oolc- -T' ir ., -t-'. ; :, -h-' tT-.rce rr' ::.',
4-c'"4 Cnt -rlets, p. hl- ; 6, '...r r b 3rv : .
r. ,5-70; 7, Worl: of the -..i-:,.-.;.rtc,, p. 71-79.
Ar.':-niix 1, r.e working? of ..- Ic.rn., p. -"V-S,; A6 -nii.: 2, Dye'
plant-, n. -*Fo6.
Revie-.-.' y Allen Eat-n in M.c",it .in Life rind W1rhm 7 (5):'"-;i
(Octcb.-r, 131).

Harlow, Alvin F.
Th,. frcntir.r rc:onle of the Apa:l,'i ':':, Travl (2):11-1'-, illu:.
JJI-- u. ,?^ n Y / 15"
Special attention is ;iven to the a:. nicr;:fts -,f ZL.Q n.rit in:,-r,.
The T.,icturc. arr ez.pecially ". ...; h
.eated on a che-n-Kl-:in ,u.hione ,-. ir r lec-l h.Ln.icr'.ft usin.7 a
i.ome-rane- ced. r churn; an nid -i-cc- of tin .-i- to .-rini corn; a
wat-r r..1i l.;' '- 'li.Lci v.. in lieu of a '.J ,M; :_.ara-." alc I ,r:::
TLo ltlinc.-r'c h .-'.2; m 'n.nt, in br'm w. from t"- cz.'. -f a hica-rv
Dcle. /.lit b' into t'.irn wit '-. and a n _-fl.I_' irn. .rt.d-; -':iruin
w.heel L .i th'- rcdl on *..r.i':-. t': a rn i s .., 'nt'. i .r <" '
,lotnin. hI va,.rn ; wOr:wcn t'..t r.ct'-.: a r--a..? :.:lf-b .':"! b- :K' t,

Harris, 'M.r. .Tu'.ian.
.A re':;l .f th indicraft3 in niral C. r--i.. Art '.:I T r- re-z
3:541-15i, illuc. April, 1912, (I1)
"It t'.-.--nr wrnri th,-, Arts ?nr'. C.-afts Ccr.ittee cC t.e
Gcenrgia F;ie"-ation of ','s C -, to ntr.ue to "'it
Gr-or'ia h-. dirrafi'tz, ,-.nd it is th-ir :--r,1 that a vizta r"fb "a.'tif'l
rre-'.tin,. and pi nfita'Lle I1 opn: l r:-:, -n cut b"-fore r,'-.r rr-.l work: re,
briu' ii, j-y 'n th'rn ani honcr t.o rur ccs-tr.lan"

ua#uiLnn, veorgu rUen.
Write 'To Festival keeps folk music alive. Musical Amer. 53 (I4):
7, A0 illus. September, 19j3. (M)
The article states that there were exhibits of "coverlids," pillow
tops, and looked rugs as examples of folk art at the third annual
Whitc- Top Folk Festival.
Malcci, Ola Powell.i
Home industries for farm women and girls numerous. U.S. Dept. Agr, .
Yeartook 1926:426-431, illus. (6i)
'7onc-:n ar.nd iris have been .uccessful in home industries because of
economical production, Gtandardizing products, and cooperative marketing i
with n-ightors. Exa-nmpl.:s of cooperative associations are county weavers, *,
nine craft, basket makers, and handicraft associations. Hi

.tornen market 4-H brand products in increasing volume. U.S. Dept. Agr. l
Yearbook 1925:614-620, illus. (Iq
In addition to thie int.rectiiig suggestions for marketing products
from f-irm homes, thte article mentions various handicraft undertakings
in the Southern States. l
Matheny,' .
Rcund t;.ble in fireside industries. South. Mountain Life and Work I
2 -):2-L. July, 1926. (.a,|
An informal discussion followed by reports of the various schools "
and weavinp centers renresented...

Mountain Life and ,nork v. 1- A-pri, 1925- 1f
Bt:reri Collez.-, Berea, :y. (2..
Issued mxirterlT, Jrsnuary, April, July, and October.
Published by the Conf-crcuce of Southern Mountain Workers "in theiii
interest of fellov.wship and mutual understanding between the Ap-alachian ii
Mcuatainz and the rest of tn'- nation." 'I
'Tile most of th.,- p-rtinent articl-.s in this magazine are cited'i
under their nron--r headings in this bibliograp'iy its great value as I
a source of inform.'-tion on thie Southern Highland handicrafts justifies ii
thisz ,:-cnyrate citation. "l

[Obenr,-rin, m.rz. Eliza Caroline (Calve- t)0.
A bock cf hand-woven coverlets, by Eliba Calvert Hall. 279 p., illu.
Bcte'n, Littl.-:, 3ro.;n & Co. 1)1P. (22)
O,- e. .c-rially Ah. j, The mountain weaver.
Th nth -r ch,..)t.rc are rt.' follow: I, Long, long ago; 2, A backward.
lir-ucr; 4, Cnv.-rlc-t narw-s; ',, Co.'er16,t designs; 6, Coverlet colors; 7,
T .e rrofe.sinnanl v.-avcr; b3, The storied coverlet; 3, The ancient cover-
lI t; 10, T h i-(.irlonom un.nnr.-,iated.

P.',Ilm:.r, Ec t.:.'lle.
Mnur.t. in .in lu.triei- in tV. r :i-, Coiunt r:," Life n A:1. rit', .'..
iUu-. Dc.c mb. 1)l4. ( ")
"Si:'r .' .. .h ",fly d:.,y' <'f th i" cr '.uitry, t> .'. : '.t .... "' -in" i-f

ILI~~F Cri, .
%vL t-l'n. rn o'lo t!:- ^ i:tr-lIn-', I i?.'' i. sc :. l *~i V'--l-..:- orf
Industries .. .. t.. BIl t:.:-r,.' -.-tate Li.~.- m.',Jc *.oz"i1 1, :.r. ,* rn.-il
ryst.-m ,..'.,ich i.-.'. I,-os th .-Irls **.I.,i l .'".; into d -1',.-:, r- ;.rnd \.r' .- ," r.~
of ,.rtic.tic L.LL t:. ..-:t i% b:i:, -'r. at ?ilt::-r. F -, .
'ind A-I1evill -' s in- dJ rn in a small-r ".'a in oth r cti.-.- 'M:i'I
in less conspimcu'.s T1..ce^::."
T'hc illu'trLtionc zi ..... t"-c fotl'.. l:.-: a collection of tn. vari.:i
out-)ut of th mounit:.rin.. rz; the "1lu.- curtainin Pir'r." in t'.. Thrite
House; a cov rl.-t in rrc-.,s ,i' ': :.;vin; a t;-.ical '",:tairin, r's
cabin; w\i:;,diri n arn frnrr, t'.e dist. ff; inside if an rId mri vcuitain h-m-.

S1Iby, ForL 3t T.
The m'.ikin:- of a -.ast by a :,:" cr.'t -,.nttcr. Indus. Edu-. .i.L7.
28:49-51, illuo. Auwnust, l]:.6. (?L)
The picture: .rd the facts for this article rere n,. -ured r.' the
v'riter on a *vicit t- a nu'-b. r of z:.;ll hon tt..ri c 1ItC in
central North Carolina. The pictures ::ere tak,.n at the Aur:Ln
Pnttery,, at .:-' .g,' ve.
"At nr'-.?ent t'.ere are .-.rr:... no more th:i.n -ri-;it or nin:- r'-cr.le
in the enLir:- c-ction who cin work at the T'1 y for-:'' :l: 'rde
onl L. y f r:. rld :-, e
only j'z^, ston., chiurns, anri mill: cr:c'k,, but since : r'j r-dz d -ve
made trav-:l -.or Able, th,..Z> f .-t-,i-tt.--..:'v pottr rs added
flower ..otz, v -. an, c. n2le stic:.-, to th,.-ir ,. .

Snebley, Ellen.
A modern order er ent:-rz ti:,- field, of th-. arts. ,rnol Arts '.sa.
32:1 >-13.-?, ill-Is. )ov;'bE._,', 19 .(-- )
Estill P.-*1e, hotter of the 3-lue 'rass State,

Stone, HFln "'il': -r.
E..%t!.-bi ,: Mo:untain Life nd '.'k 6 (.I):31-j:-. April, 19,. (.)

U. 2. Dept. A,.r. B',r. Agr. 7r-c:1. Div. ,r-. F -.,I-.?.t-icn rnd Fur"1 Life.
Rur-.l in:-.L-.,tries in Knott C-junt", .. '. 72"tr,-li.i.iry r. :rt
i --., i l1 .-.., .L.T... or:'a-h,-:d. t A-ni;..:t .,- D. C. -97,. ( '7)
3' "-:,.- C. "zc, r.. and iu.: -d in r" o aration with th.? '- itu_'
Agricuit.u- 1 7 r;-..rimrnt 3 :tinr.
Introductic:,; ';-.rct-:-ristic' 7i" thn _:re; mpt;Vide; rind crcop of the
inv..-,ti,_-it.- nr; fir^zid,-. !r, -3u".tries (':. '.:v]r-. rni oth. r t .-tIle w-rk;
baz:''et .ra'"in "; ur.iiturE t:'.:in- ); o -r r:.r 1 ii.d111tr .. (..: '.. 1 i in ,"
griz-.t ::.L kin ; rl ':c ,iin-; lanksmit'in; *tone -.rri1L); .-. ir.'i[. t--n.
Th.: i1i'.z1 r.t'Da n r. cl':.*? *.a. 'E. i'.- th. distrI'L ;-t -.n the tzr.
t:,..c-s of r~r-.l iriu-tries in Co'int: md >i,:turm-- .l :ir' .. f.rt.
wom'rn w, in 'W L a r-ill.-'ticn of -rrn'Lucto '": .-ni v.- .vin.-', ',n -. ;rr'rut If
"Itz lit" bac-,,.-t G ,

The hand-loom. Berea Quart. 17 (2-3):9-lI4, illus. July-October, .
1913. (

Mountain baskets. Amer. 'Mag. Art 26:546-549, illus. December,
1233. )
The baskets illustrated in this article are from the exhibit
circulated by the American Federation of Arts for the Southern
Highland Handicraft Guild. .:

Mountain handiwork nn view in Brooklyn; products of Southern home
looms anid other crafts shown at museum. New York Times Dec. 17, 1933,
sect. 2, p. 3, c. 1. (30
"An interesting part of the exhibition is a collection of
photographic studies of mountain people of North Carolina, Tennessee,
Kentuck4 and Georgia, made by Doris Ulmann."

Signed antiques allure the collector; in the McCormnnick exhibit are
found pedigreed pieces bearing the names of famous masters of the *
crafts. New York Times Dec. 24, 1933, sect. 6, p. 12-13.
The article includes several paragraphs on the display nf mountain I
handicrafts at the Brooklyn Museum. |

Southern mountain handicraft guild. Christian Sci. Monitor Mar. 1, 4
1932, p. 5, c. 4, illus. (
"The Southern Mountain Handicraft Guild sprang into being in 1930. I
At the present time it is comprised of 1i producing centers, which will '|
take over the work of Allanztand, continuing the sales and display room
in Anheville." "

[Whiting, Frederic Allen.] I
Native craftzimanship will come into its own in the Southern
Appalachians. Amnpr. Mac. Art 26:441-442. October, 1933. (33|
Exrcrcts from the Department of Interior release stating that
Scrrctary Harold L. Ickes prnpnoses that all stores operating under :,'
concezsion in the Great Smoky Mountains, Shenandoah, and Mammoth iiiii
Cave national park. shall build their displays around the native
mountain handicrafts and editorial comments on this move. ,,

Wilson, M.. C.
Hnme industric.; excerpts from 1927 annual reports of State and
county extension agent,. U.S. Dept. Agr. Ext. Serv. Circ. 85, 12 p.,
mimeogrrarhed. August, 192R. (i4
The excerpt. are arranged by States.

i'ilion, .
Mnrl~tin-- a'.ti,.itire.-; fu .a...* :,,n ,-,.-. .-irls. 'JS, D.'-t. A-:', --vt,
Serve. Circ. 7-, ,'., r' h, .. i .,.i' r, I" 7
7-xce" rts from. r. IA)^. r r-n tt .L ., .
',*Vorzt, Zi,'--rd ?r',,
F o o t : v I .1 0 .. : 1 -, n l .: ,[ :: r l : i l l u .. **"- *i .
Bruce Fu. C. [l r 2 ,

-O to-ev lnn I '" ., illus. Mil-.-..P, is, ?r-- .
Cn* [l:;"-]. -
Se. ,.,,cia l:r ch. 1I "n "Old :. t_ Dr::,ts," w.v.ic traces iCLt
that evere fo.-:,dI in the c-:.ins in the Li'lz of ;. ntucy in h-- vicrit-
nf Ber.:a.


(~* ~ )

(i** 7'),-..- rn -cific Cr,- ni:atinnn

Allanst:a-.. Cottage Industries
Arh7.ville, ::crth Carolina

Eas tm n, Fred.
An artist in religion. C'-ristian Cent. L7':-? --. A"-. 6, 19JO. (}g)
Th. .l1farL activities of r-.;inc 'c, ri-ch -' h r.. Cr.-i
n our, ta in: rs.

[Goodric'i, Tr:.,c,-i L.?].
All-.7t rid cott.-Lge industries. I- p., illus. :e-..- Yor: Cit:., ",cm.n's
BoirJ r, ' oisonv of the ?r"?b-terian Chxrh in th- SA.
J..t.. n SU -.
[1 %?].(39)

Shn~tl^. ar^ "Irufts. --,'rr rti Mission :.,. >o11-lj, illuas. .. :v-:.- .*. r,-b

l -) ( : ( ,)
S-.'. ;,..?r *.E a few women i., ?rlttain's Pve : *r
AFivvi] a n. ^ in a !7 r st way to rfive the f.t --in- 'ft

All.-r.w. :,.. *:-, t:, .- Tn ..... t.r er, A..,, -, t.. l-.* i i ,".i
o ,n ^ :..t. *; t of A-.,., le -..'. wit,: ,, m .s or thte ;.-- r l ,"- r--,Ln't ,r..
tc .. In ..r : i ..- 7 its i.- n e ..- :; r]* cr t, to --lte
'a. !,.-' "..-"*. .. L izola,...., j." 3; s t) iv.: to ...
nel,'.:,, r, v.':,: ; th ir o:in i,.'r;.rrJr.- a .. ir .-,, of
b l .l to t otr 1 :l .:Ct .:
o'-t.,, .r:,- to a 3t.,. 4r-; thiru, to v- rL ,-
ot cr-ti* -.'x tn.e

Eamington, C.
Swanping coverlets for shingles. Mentor 17 (5):34-35, illus.
Junal, 1929. (1)
Miss Frances L. Goodrich and the Allanstand Cottage Industries,
Asheville, North Carolina.

See alsn L, 4, ', 32.

Biltmore Estate Industries
Asheville, North Carolina

The story of making Biltmore hand-woven homes-Dun woolen cloths... 1 p. l
[n.p., n.d.J. '(412)
The Biltmore Estate Industries originated in an industrial school
established by Mrs. Ge-orge W. Vanderbilt in 1901 on the Biltmore
Estate. After about fifteen years the handwiveaving and handcarving
nere acquired by F. L. Seely and established on a business basis.

See also 114, 23.

Fireside Industries, Berea College
Bc-rea, Kentucky i

[Smith, John F.].
Firecide industries. Survey 47:453-454. Dec. 24, 1921. (43)
Editorial, based on a letter from Professor John F. Smith of the :
rural social science department, on the occasion of the dedication
of a new building for the Department of Fireside Industries of Berea

Urquhart, Ler:is K. .
Bcrea's Labor Day. Factory and Indus. Managt. 78:52-55, illua.
July, 192). (44)
B-rtal's Labor Day is an annual May event. It is "a day of parades,
labor naards, contests and prizes- a day set aside in recognition of
the labor activities which are, not incidental to the school program,
but a vit-.l nart of it."

Weidler, Albert G.
B-ren'z student labor program. Mountain Life and Work 7 (2):19-25.
July, 19J31. (45)
See rilIo the same autnor's article, "Dignifying Labor," in Mountain
Life ,.nd Work 2 84):1O-l', illus. (January, 1927).


"At B:-r.r.r. C llCe-3 labor is not incii :t .1 t. tri, -.-: I .r --r-'--,
b .t -. v'.tt.l pr.rt )f it. s.'i A v-.t 1- ',-'i- n. *i tro '..-, i, ive
cla:z r ioc- for d.-ilv Ila,,or riIJ. ,
For add it-1 -i-l r f r :.c,-.- ). P. r C :' .:- t'.,- ctl--:. on
t'l t "r';. ,'t i: r.1.:.n-. n t'-. 3outher:,. i ": l.r.i r., .. tt
3. Ed'.-.ri :.d i su by t.f-, U. S. D rt2T :.t ': Awri ':tr,
Libr-..r,' as its Biiliocr:.iphic-l Contri'utionc 24,

See alco 4, 7, 23), 57.

...ndicrt -uild, Dioce of, est. rrn Virini.iL
D-i".te, Vir.-"-i ni-_

Industrial -.:-.d h-.ndicraft To r u,. [6 )., illus, [n.r. n.i.]. (',,)
A t concc-rnin- the induztrial r, h....icr.ft o''rk f the
Handicraft Guild, Dioc..3. of So'-....-*.t-:r:, Vir.-ini for..-rl;.- the
Associ-.te L..issions of South'..,.. t "' ini:., Bl'.ti'I- Vir-inin.. iss
Mab-el R. Marnsfield of D,%nte, Vir-iA'ia, is director.

Jujtovn, :.ortht CG.rolinia

Davis, Ruth Arne.
Mountain folks1 tips. p6ttx.r: i:i'v. les cities. 7aShin,-t.)n,(D. C.)
Post Jail. 17, 1?34, p. 12. (47)

,Wood, Ruth X---dzie.
Ju,-tov.w, .'here they m--k., ju-. :.-r.tor 16 (3):3y-., illus.
A p r i l 1 913' (2n
Jx,.:to.c.', Tlorth C-rolin-., as .iizcover.. r: -.: r.a .?nted to th': -orld
by Juli-ni c'.n.i. *T:.cq-z B-, be,. There "a.'.rvivcrs nf a for-;otten
settlzmn.;t of St_.ffordzhir* cclnniztz still c- rried 'n a .nrc r
1l-os 1 Eliz..bct'..-n exi..t-ncc"l :C,-,n tn,. 3.b. ,.-.. -.n ht th-rr. nut.

See .-130 13.

M.? "-.t.i'n '"..i :;!-,'.or3
1dr.r 1'f 7.1-. C : .. i r-inia

H..-.j.oton, Jh:'.
Th.- -.rir.itiv3 life in moi'rn Virlrini-.; a crisis fo"r i.lI f-' 1.
B3:.ltinorc Su L .I- 1, 1'J .., :;-... ct.,, -. 1-?, Iluo.


[T7inn. Elizabeth J.].
1ou.:itzin nai;-hbors. [(] p. [n.p.,.n.d.]. (50)
" neighbors industrial centre r:as organized in the smmmer
of 1931. It was inspired by similar enterprises for reviving local
handicrafts in the Southern mountains."

See also 7 I

Moijtaineer Craftsmen's Cooperative Association i
M.iorgantown, VWest Virginia

Mount-iinear Craftsmen's Coonperative Association.
Instructions for ordering and price list. 3 P. [n.p., n.d.]. (51)

Society of Friends, American Friends Service Committee.
A rc--ort of the cervices- r.nd relief in the bituminous coal fields,
September 1, 1932-August 31, 1333. 32 p. Philadelphia. 1933. (52)
The development of handicrafts has been an important part of the
work of the American Friends Service Coomittee. This work has resulted
in the formation of the Mountnin Craftsmen's Cooperative Association.
"In the yeir $9105.91 worth of furniture azd weaving is soldl
through this association."
An earlier report entitled "Report of the Child Relief TWork in theiii
Bituminous Coal Fields, Sentember 1, 1931 to August 31, 1932," also |l
refers to "The creation of %;7ood-lot and hrndicraft industries, such i
as carpentry and cabinet work and kindred home industries."

See P.1-o 7.

Ozark Region

Randolnh, Vanre.
Ozark mountain folks. 279 p., illuas. New York, Vangu.rd Press.
193`1 (53)
s[.- e9-cecially ch. 6, Hill-billy hormespun.

The Ozarks; an Amzricn-n survival of primitive society. 310 p.,
illus. 14e. York, Vnnunard Press. [193l1. (54)
See er:ccially na. 2, The hill-billy at home; and ch. 3, romt nfolk
and social lii-f.:


Ponland 7eavers aind Potters
an.i the Wr-avi:; Insti' tc nt P. nlatnd, ,rrth C:rlirK'm

[Bernat, Paul].
The 1951 weavijir institute nt Penland. Handic raftr 3 (7): -37,
illus. !"ovember-DecTembtr, 1931. (5'5)

3urt, Amy M.
The Appalac.ian school. Don artm-nt of fireside indur-trio,.
Illustrations by icourtesy of Mrs. Bay:ard Mnor;an "7ootten. 16 p., illus.
Penland, N. C. [n.d.]. (56)
A beautifully illustrated leaflet concerning the history and work
of the fireside industries at the Ap-alacI'i~in Sc.ool, P,-nlnnd, ". C.

Ford, Bonnie Willis.
Another leaving g institute at Ppn. rind. Mountain Life and '7ork
9 (3):27-2. October, 1953. (57)

Learning from a great teacher. .Mountrit: in Life and Work 7 (3):2,'-23,
illus. October, 1931. (58)
"Mr. Edward F. "orst, of Chicago, w'ho, although reco,;ni:ed as one
of the foremost authorities on hand weaving in America, has for the
second time journeyed from hii Illincis home to give his time and
talent to a group of adult 1vom-n in the mountains of North Carolina."

1932 w-aving institute at Penland. Handicrafter 4 ()-):?, 11, 30,
illus. April, 1933, (59)
"From August 22nd to 27th, Mr. Edwarl F. 7ior:t, America's leading
authority on handweavin,: and author of two universally used books by
students of weaving, conducted the third annual v/eavin; institute at
Penland in 7"estern northh Carclina. .. .".7e shall...concern ourselves in
this article with the hi-;h lihts of Lhe 19)2 experiences and with a
brief -iro-.pectus of the 19)3 coursee"
See -. 31 for an a:Lnouncement concerning the fourth annul:- Weaving
Institutei- from Au.-ust 14 to 25, 1933.

Penland 'c.oes to the fair. Mountain Life and 'wTork 9 (3):I)-21, illus.
October, 1933. (6n)
Throu:h the efforts of Lucy Morgan, Penland w4-nt to ti'.1? Chicago
lorld's Fair with an exhibit of u-.ndicr'afts from the North Carolina

7Wen.ving institute at Penland. Mountain Life and 7-ork S (): -.
October, 1332. (61)
The third annual weavi:._ institute, conducted each suni. r by Edward F.
'7orst, and .pon.ored on this occ- ion by the Penland Weavers. and Frct'tr-.

Morgan, A. Rufus. 'iil
Reviving the art of the mountains. Spirit of Missions 95: 221-222, .
illus. April, 1930.
"Six-year-old hc-nd-weaving enterprise at Appalachian School has
helped the women of the mountains to find a new meaning in life."

A Southern mountain handicraft association; report of Penland
conference. Mountain Life and "rork 5 (2):31-32. July, 1929. (6}}j)

Tleaving institute and pottery at Penland. Handicrafter 3 (9):23.
March-April, 1932. (B)
Announcement of an institute for supervised instruction in pottery
and waving at Penland.
Further information on the pottery course and Weaving Institute may
be obtained from Miss Lucy C. Morgan, director, Penland Weavers and
Potters, Penland, North Carolina. i

Willis, Bonnie T. i
The living tradition. Mountain Life and W7ork 5 (3):13-15, illus.
October, 1929. (65)
"And so the beautiful old art which yesterday was only a tradition,
today gives new life, new hope, to a people who are innately progressive
and intelligent, but who, because of mountain barriers, have not been
able to enjoy their share of hxpiness and economic independence. And
how? The answer may be found by learning of the work of one woman, Lucy i
C. Morgan, Director, who seven years ago started the industry."

See also 4, 7.

Pi Beta Phi Settlement School
Gatlinburg, Tennessee

[Pi Beta Phi Settlement School]. |
The Pi Beta Phi settlement school. 20 p., illus. [Gatlinburg, Tenn.
n.d. (66)
The illustrations of the handicrafts are of special interest.

Redding, rinogene B.
An old art modernized. Handicrafter 1 (6):3-5, illus. August-
September, 1929. (67)
"17hin the weaving was first encouraged and taught' by the Pi Beta i
Phi Settlement School, which selected .Gatlinburg for its location
seventeen ye-tro ago, the industrial department had a small and humble
beginning. Now the department reaches nearly one hundred homes through i
the weaving, baskets and furniture m jcin. The people are taught individ.a-
ally a.nd entirely in the home, Q'1 the exception of a few girls each year
who ntudy weaving in the school.",

1i .

Redding, Winngone B.
The w-"in rnoetin-z. in u*t inTurj- M , Life ni .rk (1):
16-1S, illus. April, 19;,. (, ;')
"'Jeavin.r r-i tin d'.yv arc, b &i yc., in Q'i l i,,' ..'-.. n urr
intended nrim.,ril;' for th fortv-ziy.: :i ,.o v'e ':t *h.r. f-" '..
Arrow. CrZLft Shop of the P1 B-t" phi ',:n 1, t'! y 'r n :. to Ill, ":..
many aire -ln.( of thi rpnort 'rnity to c.*;- ."

Smith, Edward B.
Almost-lost arts of m..r..:t in folk arc r. c. tur, d. cr. Ve, T i-:..
News-Si'ntin-.,l Sernt. 241, l193, ct. illuG. (V -)
S3.n.cial attention is g-iv,-i. t- th. r viv-'l of th. fir.. -i.k id :-.-tric-".
at Gatlinl-ur, T. ezsee, r.d artic'l rl; th w ork at thN Pi -ta Fi.i
Settlement School.

See also 4, 7.

Pine Mctuntain Settl T. nt Sc'nol
Pi:i,- 1. _xut.'in, Wetntuck."

Pine Mount-in Settlem.-nt School.
Notes from the Pine Mountain S:ttl,n-:.t Scho,-. 6 (1):1-4, 4.v--mber,
1933. (7)
In thi- issue of th.1 r,:riodic:' leaflet isued b:,y the ?ir.:-
Settl-mrnt School describn, its work, see the se,:tion en induztriail

See also 7.

SC]ool for the Y':w Age
Salul--l, North Carolina

Garland, J.
Mini:i.T rnount-in Am:rica. Nature 1.8:g. 1S:122-1235, illus, A .-.t, 1931.(71)
th,: Plug RPidee spravl 1 lzilyr from P-n:.?:.1v.r..n to teorri. In
its f!st"eszces dwell some four million soul:., Aily --uc.d. of
unr-mitting toil little leav,v..ed by the tides Cf civilization that beat
against their foothills, 3.t oor, uw.tutord a.s% t.:.-v r.', t1..y L or.:-:o.zC
locked in thcir memories tnl1 t:;ir, tfiL o:-.! -olr..,r.s -.: arts
that c-.n be de-sc.ibed as p-..-r- ly .Anericrn.... S :- .. d ;,- t.:.- r-:lizr t'it nn
that -thi:.. precious is i'Ls. i '7' ith the- arts of tUl r-:u.tWi', r- "'.i
thr.t technological uiemplo:,ymi.::t i driving an entire Cls.-- b:'.ck to -'arirs
that are foredoomncd to failure, -irtist a.nd soriolorists v. c- rnci:.ed to
make it possible for native '.:on rrc n to retinu.i t.- t:.i, c',: ri..1 l c:-.t- ,-f
other days. t n.:.y G-x7" ri;:.:..ts bc:n tried ... An c-'*-n. :i. nt ti'.t c.t


farther than the others, however, is the School for the New Age,
at Saluda, North Carolina. Instead of refreshing the memory of -
mountaineers regarding their ancestors' is developing
a new art, inspiration for which is born in the natural surroundings."

Shenandoah Comnunity Workers
Bird Haven, Virginia i

Butler, Marion. [
Lonely hill billies make exquisite early American furniture.
Washington (D.C.) Post Jan. 17, 1934, p. 12, illus. ()

Hannah, Paul F. ii
The Shenandoah community workers. Nature Mag. 14:300-301, 313,
illus. November, 1929. (73
"...the story of a little group of families living close against
the slopes of the Allegheny Mountains of Virginia, who turned nature
from a relentless enemy into a close friend, and who are filling a I
need of nature lovers the nation over." The wood-working shops in
the valley bounded by Supin Lick on the east and the Allegheny peaks
on the west specialize in nature articles.

Marston, W. Frank. i
Toy factory is proving valuable to county ground. Toodstock (Va.) ;
Times Dec. 12, 1929. ,

Nelson, R. F.
Happy Valley moves ahe-.d. Natl. Republic 19 (12):29, 41, illus.
April, 1932. (TWV
Ha)py Valley in a mountain fastness of the Shenandoah Valley of
Virginia orgr.nizes itself into the Shernandoah Community Workers, a
non-profit making organization which supports its people by handi-
crafts. Harpy Vrlley has been chartered as the Forest Community
Fojindtion. It is loc'.ted in a bird sanctuary created by William
Bermard Cl;;rk. It has been designated a post office and named Bird
Haven. It can be reached by going to Mount Jackson and then west
toward Orkney Springs for eleven miles.

Strayer, Martha.
Virginia mountaineers, aided by mutual benefit community, produce
hundreds of hand-made gifts for Christmas shoppers. Washington (D.C.)
Daily News Dec. 17, 1931, p. 13, illus. (76)11

Un. igned.
Mount.-L int-o,,r:- t.-lce up to;/- : ".:. .. Ti' DCr- '
sect. 1N, o. 9, C. 2. C(7)
"Izolated far:nerc turn to t'.is r,-. c-:;t to e'1. -.t *"r in ....
Twvelvc mile.: b C.-~k ,f ;Ln.y r ,-i Y.I *h :,-uld i : ,.', .1 ::.t..' .r iI
conscious, in a fold of thi All.: ri ". .ti'. 7 i" r
Supinlick and the Gre.:&t 1ort':t M',c,'x itain, ti* L- hi r-i:ir. Cio:, Ccrm.':.L;ity
W'orkerz are makain. toy;."
Excer'ts from t-nis article ",.:.r :.nlrr t.,- titli, "'Pu'
Redeemed," in Lit. Dicezt 105 ( ):J (:.y 3, 19P').

Sh-enarndcah cc-rfi.mity work: r -,n in ic-.:trv." without in 1'-i- tr- I i, i:rtion.
Lo-.doun.-T.huqitir .:..g, 2 (A4):,', illu. ?.ll is. -, 191 (78)

The Shenanidoah coramwiity w-orkers; an ind,.-'try without indu:tri.l i:-a-
tion designed to help the han.ic'\ifts surv.ive. [6] p., illus. Bird
Haven. [n.d.t. (7r)

Virginia hi11, hide industry; wit}::ut t'oszs.1 Chriztizin 'ci. M',onitor
Feb. g, 1930, -,. 1, c. 1; p. 5, c. 2. (.:i)
Shenandoah Valley group turns from farming to .se ....orkin.-; to'z
for children fnrm main outpt; adults all receive .a:,'; artists
lend talents in designing orod'icts.

1Tharton, George 7., Jr.
A woodland industry in Happy Valle,-, Motorist S (6):11, 31,
illus. S pte:.,ber, 1935. (el)

he 3'"..ttle-Crafters
Russellville, T .nnenzee

[Dougherty Sicttrs].
From the loomz of the Shuttle Shco, P.usellville, Tennessee. [g] p.,
illus. [Runoellville, Ten:,., n.d.]. (EL?)

Larew, Mrs. Charles L.
R.usc-llville .ome carri.--s much history. Kno'ville, *-n... Jrr
Apr. 2, 13, p. 15. (83)

See also 7.



The Spinning Wheel
Beaver Lake, Asheville, North Carolina

Dingman, Helen H.
The spinning wheel. Mountain Life and Work 3 (4):7-8, 20, illus.
January, 1928. (C)
Located at Beaver Lake, four miles out of Asheville.
"'The Spinning T.heel', with other of the mountain fireside
industries, is making possible better economic and social
conditions, as well as preserving the rich heritage of mountain

Douglas, Clementine. i
The soinning wheel. [4] p. Asheville, N.C. [n.d.]. (1)
This leaflet gives a brief statement concerning the work of the j
Spinning heel. i

See also 4, 7.

Tryon Toy-Makers and Wood-Carvers
Tryon, North Carolina

McCabe. Lida Rose. i
Regenerating handicrafts in the Carolinas. Art World 3:159-161, |
illuo. November, 1917. (86
"A forerunner of future generations of craftsmen- like to the
mountain regions of Europe- is in process of ripening to-day among
the Blue Ridge of Western North Carolina in the wood-carvers and
toy-makers of Tryon. I
"Elenor P. Vance and Charlotte L. Yale...are the seed-planters
and care-takers of this timely garden of native handicrafters."
The Tryon toy-makers and wood-carvers. [10] p. [Spartanburg, )1
S.C., Band & Thite. n.d.].

See also 11.


r"umbeI r r r DEX
[:T.umnberr r,,fer to it, '. L.-.t to'-,.]

Aberdeen, I.C., Spinning 'h...1, 11.
Allanstand Cott-',e I' ibl.tri ..,
As-hevill-. ,. 1.C., 1, 7, 11, # -,
Ambrose, M. A., 1.
American Feder.tien of Artz., 7, ?.
American Friendz S-.rvice Co-mmittee, 5.
Anonymous. Sec Un:ruined.
Apr-alachian School, P-nland, UT.C., ,
56, 62.
Arrow Craft Shon, Pi BL ta Phi S,-ttle-
mrnent School, Gatlinb'urg, Tcnn., 4,
Arthur, J. P., 2.
Ary, Ky., Homrnlace, 7.
Asheville Norm.l and Ascociated
School, Asheville, N. C., 7.
Asheville, 1. C.
See Alliinst:.nd Cottage- Infdu-triec;
Biltmora Est,.td Industries;
Spinning ."he--l; Beaver Lrkc,
Associate Missions of South-.:, :-t
Virginia, Bl3wfi.ld, Va., 7, 46.
Atwater, M. M., 3.
Auman potter:-, 2.1-
Barnes, A. E., 7.
Basketry, 1', 1' i, 1S, 19, 27, 29, 67.
Beaver Lake, IT.C., The Spiniin'
17he-l, 7, 94, 85.
Benton, J. K., 7.
Berea CollewI, 7, 2, 37, 43-,45,
Berca, Ky.
Sei Bert.a Collegfc; Churchill
TWe-vers; Mat.cny '"- .2,vers.
Bernat, P., 4, 55.
Bibliogrqphy, 1 ).
Biltmore Ezt..te, 14, 23, 42.
Bird Haven, V'., Sh. nandoah
Cc.munity 'ork.-'rs, 72-'l.
Blue Ridge Industrial School, Briz,
Va., 7.
Blue Ridge '.W-avdrs, Tryon, N.C., 4.

? l i-fi ..l "a .A, t. !.'i *I .-- ft.
.co'-. t... t r. r. i 7 ,
Praz-t '.':., "..C., 6, .
T.0t, 6, 7.
a '* ., ?lT :i ~ iu-;tr'il
Sc!ircl, 7*
Brittr'.,t..s C.,ve, :....., .,. ,
3r.ockl..n [w.Y.J Mxv- m, urn' i .
j Mll -it
Brc..-::;., I-,, 15.
?urt, A. '., 5r-.
BuLb,., J., 4'.
UfJl I "...., 5, 7,7.
C..-In'l-llt, 0. r., 6.
Carr Cre..k Con.un ity Center, C' rr
Cr,. fly,, 7.
C theye,'.icr-ift Tryon, ',C,,4
Century of Progrsz, P'-nl-ndL exhibit, 60.
Ch.%ir, 14, 15.
Chernl:ee India.n R.zrv'-itlion, Cherokee,
II.C., 7.
Chic -io "Torld's F-ir, 60,
Chrisztrr'm Rid.L, 4.
Churchill 7eav-rz, B..rea, Ky,, L
ClO.:, 7. 3., 75.
Conf,.rinc? of Soouthrn Mount-iin
7orx'kcrs, 21.
Cooperative -*ntm-rnrises, 6, 11, IS, 19,
51, 5-.
Cotton, 14.
Count rp n.-z, 14.
Cvc'lets, 3, 14, 17, 22 23, 41.
Cr".bu, ,. I., 3.
Croz-.zner: School, C'os7norc, v. C,, 4,7,
Dm1t-., V".., Hnriicr- ft G'il.P, Diocepse
of Soutv,;'. "tern .'irglir.., 46,
Davis, R. A., 47.
Dingsii".r., "- }{. :'L.
Dnrl-ind-Bell Schccl, -ot ZrnriHng, N.,
DowIhnrty, S., %, 5.3
Douwlas, C., 0.,
Drz-ftr, 37, 4.
Duffi.'ld, 3 M., 7.


Dyes, 2, 14, 26.
Eastman, F., 38.
Eaton, A., 7-9, 14.
Edwards, E. -., 10.
Epps, J. K., 11.
Ernburg. A. U., 4, 12.
Erskine, R., 13.
Exhibits, 7, 17, 30, 31, 60.
Extension a-ents, 1, 18, 19, 34, 35.
Extension service, I, 18, 19.
Fireside Industries, Berea College,
4, 7, 43-45.
Flax, 2, 14.
Ford, B. W., 57-61, 65.
Forest Community Foundation, Happy
Valley, Va., 75.
4-H Club, 19.
Furniture ma-Lcing, 7, 15, 27, 51, 52,
67, 72.
Garland, J., 71.
Gatlinburg, Tenn.
See Pi Beta Phi Settlement School;
"ood-Craft Shop.
Genrgia, 16, 30.
See ulso Tillulah Falls Industrial
Georgia Federation of Woman's Clubs,
Arts and Crafts Committee, 16.
Goodrich, F. L., 5, 14, 32, 38-41.
Great Smoky Mountains National
Park, 353.
Hall, E. C., 22.
Hamnilton County, Tenn., 1.
Hampton, J., 49.
Handicraft Guild, Diocese of South-
western Va., Dante, Va., 7, 46.
Hand-loom. See loom.
Hannah, P. F., 73.
Happy Valley, Va., Shenandoah
Community '-orkers, 72-81.
Harlow, A. F., 15.
Harris, J., 16.
Hendernonville, N. C., 7.
Herbs, 14.
Higgins, N.C., John and Mary B.
Markle School of Industrial
Artc, 7.
Hindman Settlement School, Hindman,
Ky., 7.

Home demonstration agents, X 19,, i
Homeplace, Ary, Iy., 7.
Hot Springs, N.C., Dorland-Bell
School, 7.
Ickes, H. L., 33.
Illustrations, 1, 3-5, 7, 9. 12-la 2b,
27-29, 32, 36, 37, 39-41, -4., #..
49, 53-56, 58-60, 62o 65-69.
75, 76, 78, 79, 81, 82, 54. 86o.
Jackson, G. P., 17. .III
Jeans, 14. J.
John and Mary Uarkle School of :|
Industrial Arts, Higgine, 1.C., o
John C. Campbell Folk School, 6, 7.
Johnson, H. N., 4.
Jugtown, N. C., 13, 47, 48.
Kentucky, 25, 30.
See Berea College; Carr Creek 0.
Churchill Weavers; Hindman Set,
sent School; Homeplace; Knott
County; Matheny Weavers; Moa
Cabin Quilters; Pine Mountain
Settlement School; Wooton Piralns.
Industries. ,
Kentunkyr Agr. Expt. Sta., 27.
Knott County, Ky., 27.
Knox County, Tenn., 1.
Labor Day, Berea College, 44, 45p, i
Larew, C. L., 83. H1
Lauderback, E., 1. .ll
Linens, 2, l4, 37.
Linsey-woolsey, l4. I*l
Loom, 14, 15, 28, 36, 37. 40.
Lovelace, I., 1. I
McCabe, L. R., 86.
Madison County, -Va., Mountain NiOL
49, 50.
Malcolm, 0. P., 18, 19.
Mammoth Cave National Park, 33.
Mansfield, M. R., 46.
Marketing, 7, 18, 19, 34, 35.
Markle, J., and M. R., 7.
MaTston, VI. F., 74.
Maryville, Tenn., 7, 23.
Matheny, F. E., 4, 7, 20.
Matheny Weavers, 4, 7, 20.
Merrill, B. E., 7.
Moore County, N. C., 11.
Morgan, A. R., 62.

Morgan, L. C., 4, 7, 55-65.
Morgantown, Va., Moi-litc.ine'.r
Craftsmen's Cooperative Azsoci. tior,
7, 1, 5 .
Mountain Cabin Quilters, ""o-t.'n, T'y.,7,
Mountanin Life and W'ork, Public:tji 'n
of Berea College, 2I.
Mountain Nei-'hboro, Oldrng, Madison
County, Va., 7, 43, 50.
Mountaine- r Cvaftznen'z Coo-rerative
Association, Morgamtown, '.7. Va.,
7, 51, 52.
Murl, Ky., 7.
Nason, "7. C., 27.
Needle-ork, 11, 14.
Nelson, R. F., 75.
North Carolina, ?, 7, 23, 3r.
See Allanstand Cottage Industries;
Apn-ralachian School; Biltmore
Estate Industries; Ch-:rokee
Indian Reservation; Crogsnore
School; Dorland-Bell School;
John and M1&ry -. Mar.le Schiool
of Industrial Arts; John C.
Camrbell Folk School; Ju,,ton-n
Potteries; Penland "7ea'.oers i.d
Potters; Penland Weavin. Insti-
tute; Potteries; School for the
New Age; Spinning WTheel, Bctver
Lake; Spining Vnheel, Woman's
Exchange; Tryon Toy-M'.rs an
Wood-Ca--vers; Teave S"on.
Obenchain, 3. C. (Calvert), .
Oldrag, Va., Mountain lei -hbor:;, 7, ,c
Orkney Sprinv, Va., 75.
Ozark region, 5), 54.
Page, C., 11.
Palmer, E., 23.
Penland, 17.C.
See An.,alachian Sc.ool; Penland
Wcrivors anr.d Potterc; Pe-nland
Teavine.- Institute.
Penland Weavwrc and Potters,, Penl-ind,
1.C., 7, 55-65.
Penland Weavin- Institute. See
Weaving Institute.
Pi Beta Phi Settlement School,
Gatlinbur:-, Tenn., 4, 7, 66-3"9.

*-';;, craft I..
Pine .."j-'.t;iin Settlj-r.nt Zcr'h ;l, Fl.
:. '..*' t :.- T -y 7 7 :'.
.-itm n., L., 7,
Plw;.z;-at Hill Cr-.m-urity Cra^ft:-,
lQ"'7.a.t i l, -. ., 7
Pctteri .... 11 1 1., *., 47, -. -' C
Price lists, 7, tl.
quilts, 11, 1i..
R1Ind':1 V., 53, '-.
Rud'iin-, .. B., .
F .iT : ito.n, C., '-1.
Ror,.;:Y, T., 7#
Ro.e-', 7 v-:-r, 5.
R'.-S, i, 11, 17.
Rule, T., 25.
Rhz.cllville, T.':n., SOL-.- Shuttlc-
R:als, Mrs., 11.
SaludL, U.C.,
school for tl-'-,- 'T Av Age;
W- "ve Shop.
School fcr the -Tr?. Age-, Saluda,
:I.C., 71.
School of ridustrial Arts, Hic-inc,
!..c., 7.
S3agrov,_, I.C., p'ottery, "21.
Saely, F. L., 4c.
Selby, FT. 24.
3hen; .ndoah Community .Workers, 72-S1.
ShenandoaL- National Pz.rk, 53,
Shuttlc-Cvaft.-rs, ?hass'llville, Tenn.,
7, 8, '3.
Shuttle Shop, 92.
Shuttlz, 4o.
3leys, 14.
Smith, -. B., 69.
Smith, J. '. 7 43.
Snebley, S., 25,
Society of Friend., 5.
South-rn Hi.-hland Handicr-ift Guild, 7,
3., 63.
South-rn Hirni.anr-rs, ref rnce, 1i
Sjinnin,-, 2, 14, 15, 2,.
Spinnin: "';ie'.-l.
Aberde.-n, I.C., 11.
Beav-r Lai.:e, Ash-ville, N.C., 4, 7,
84, 85.


Spreads, 11, 14.
Stone, -, 4.
Stone, H. T., 26.
Strayer, M.; 76.
Tallulah Falls Industrial School,
Tallulah Falls, Ga., 7.
Tanning, 2.
See Hamilton County; Knox County;
Pi Beta Phi Settlement School;
Pleasant Hill Coimmnity Crafts;
Shuttle Crafters; Maryville;
Wood-Craft Shop.
Tools, 2.
Toy-Makers and Wood-Cairvers, Tryon,
1.C.. 7, 14, 86,9S7.
Toy making, 6, 9 7, 72-S1.
Tryon, H.C.
See Blue Ridce Weavers; Tryon
Toy-,akers and WoodZCarvers.
Tr-'on Toy-Makers and Wood-Carvers,
Tryon, N.C., 7, 14, 96, S7.
Ulmanh, D., 30.
U.S. Dept. Agr., Bur. Agr. Icon. 27.
U.S. Dept. Agr. Libr. Bibliog.
Contrib., 10.
Unsigned articles, 28-32, 63, 64, 77-1
Urquhart, L. K., 14.
Vance, E. P., 86.
Vanderbilt, Mrs. G. W., 42.
See Blue Ridge Industrial School;
Handicraft Guild, Diocese of
Southwestern Virginia; Mountain
Neighbors; Shenandoah Conmmity
workers; Thite Top Polk Festival.

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Willis, 3. T.. 65.
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rirm, 1. 3., 50.:
6rosa's bToiangs, APberani, V.'l
W~ood,." R. K.-, .48;, ".+++; ++ ". '** P
Wood carving, 142, T3f3 86
Wood Craft .Shop, OStlinbWIr: Tan
Wood working, fheai a
Workers, T7h,,,. .. +:
Wooll, 1104. T
Wooton Firesi.e Indoatt n, .

Ky., 7.
W0, Wooton, Ny. :"l
Mlountsai Osbin Quilters, t
Wooton Tireside Inid.tilaisttnl
Wootten, B. 1., 56. .
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