Site of the Gatun Lock, Looking South from the Lowest Lock Towards Lake Gatun - Panama Canal Route


Material Information

Site of the Gatun Lock, Looking South from the Lowest Lock Towards Lake Gatun - Panama Canal Route
Physical Description:
Angrick, Bill ( donor )
Keystone View Company
Place of Publication:
Meadville, PA
Publication Date:


Subjects / Keywords:
Panama--Panama Canal   ( fast )
Locks (Hydraulic engineering)   ( fast )
Excavating machinery   ( fast )
Labor   ( fast )
Spatial Coverage:
Panama -- Central America -- Panama Canal Zone


Several workers and their steam driven machinery working to excavate the future site of the Gatun lock.
Scope and Content:
B. L. Singley founded The Keystone View Company in 1892 in Meadville, Pennsylvania. The company quickly became the world's largest view company, having at least 250,000 negatives (of which some 50,000 were available as numbered views) by the 1930s. These images were meant to bring international experiences into the palm of the average person's hand, to be revisted in private or during social gatherings. It has been said that the ability of the stereograph to bring vicarious experiences to faraway people makes this medium parallel to the internet or television today. The Keystone View Company also focused on the educational value of their products, employing teams of people to write explanatory texts that were printed on the backs of the stereograph cards. This text, along with the imagery, presents the dominant vision of American ideals and interests during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Source 1: Source 2:
Gifted on behalf of William P. and Barbara L. Angrick

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
Panama Canal Museum Collection at the University of Florida
Rights Management:
Public Domain Presumed (e.g. expiry of copyright term): This item is presumed to be in the public domain. The University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries respect the intellectual property rights of others and do not claim any copyright interest in this item. Users of this work have responsibility for determining copyright status prior to reusing, publishing or reproducing this item for purposes other than what is allowed by fair use or other copyright exemptions. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Resource Identifier:
accession number - 2013.2.136
System ID:

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Full Text


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: The picture shows the way the Panama Canal
was dug. Drills run by machinery, dynamite,
steam shovels, and cars loosened, dug, and car-
ried away most of the dirt.
In the view a steam shovel is dropping a dip-
per full of dirt on a car. These shovels dipped
from 5 to 10 tons of earth and rock at one lift.
They loaded a train of 30 cars in from 7 to J5
minutes. One shovel loaded in one day 8,395
tons of earth. There were about Ioo of these
shovels used on the Canal.
In addition to the shovels, 560 drills were used.
Nearly 400 engines were needed to pull the 6,000
cars. There were 30 dredges, 30 unloaders, 12
tugs, and 70 barges used. And to operate these
tools 35,000 to 40,000 men were employed.
To unload the cars you see n the view, one of
the tools used was a spreader. It is a big iron
L affair pulled by steel ropeq or cables. It was

Lat. 9 N.; Long. 80 W.
started at one end of the train, and it pushed all
the dirt off the entire train as the ropes pulled it
forward. Of course the ropes were hitched to
engines. In this way the earth was spread on
each side of the tracks in the dumping grounds.
Much dirt and stone had to be taken out of the
place pictured in the view. Here now stand the
largest locks in the world-the Gatun Locks.
Here vessels are lifted, in three flights, 85 feet.
The total length, of the locks is almost two-thirds
of a mile, and their walls are 81 feet high. Gail-
lard Cut and the Gatun Locks were the two large
problems in building the Canal.
Who supervised the building of the Panama
Canal? Who owns the Panama Canal Zone?
IVhy wc'as the canal built? Name and locate an-
other large canal.
Copyright by The Keystone View Company.







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