Haiti sun

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Haiti sun
R. Cheney, Jr. ( Port-au-Prince, Haiti )
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Unknown ( sobekcm )

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Full Text

-Reynolds To Open
After Week
S Shut Down

.. The minulti-'million-dollar baux-
ite mining project operated by
SReynolds Haitian Mines, Inc.,
'-'.at Mirgoane closed down Mon-
.'irday. and is scheduled to reopen
SDifficulties arose when the
CCivil Court at Anse-i-Veau hand.
ed down a decision on Septem-
Sber 5th. in the lawsuit brought
A. by a group of persons claiming
: they were owners of certain
Islands occupied by the Reynolds
o. company; and the plaintifs
v. started eilfor6ing the decision
threee days later by attaching
3! (Continud 16)

., '.

Two hundred workers broke
ground, thip week, at Mais
Gat6,n the 'construction site of
Haiti's new International air-
The Contractor for the cons-
truction u[ the airport which will
accommodate JET aircraft is
the Intcrnational Housing De-
velopmnent Corporation, of Mia
mi. More than four groups had
competed for this contract.
Membeaa of the Corporation
in their offices in the Exposi-
tion, next to the Tourist Bu-
reat4 declined to be interviewed
on their project this week,' ex-
plaining they would soor be
ready to release a story to the
general press, to enlighten the
The contract between the

k Left to Right: Mr. Clement Vincent, Introducer of Ambassadors
., Ministers, Mr. Joseph Baguidy, Chief of Protocole, Major Lionel Hone
.U.'S. Ambassador Gerald Drew, Mr. William Wieland, Captain John Fi
.C01onel Victor Croizat, Commander Charles Henriquez, and Colo
-t ovanne Douyon at Bowen Field Wednesday.

E ,Friends Of

-;*. n

SA group of promin
cansn, concerned wit
!ientineeds of the-.R E
j aiti an independent
ander-developed ni
: a stinategic -positi'
%Caribbean close t6 t
:i the United States
-med the Friends of I
6; a non-profit, non-poli

i- '"' ., .^
,, .Yesterday, the Se
4. the scene of ani incid
ricpuld have become inrr
,Our friend, 'Senator

ofquestionsr' 'of geien
revealedd befb'the 1

S o -,., ., .. ..-.
h' ,.


Haiti, Society Launched
New York
lent Ame- nization to advance the social
h the ur- and economic welfare of the
public of people of Haiti.
but acute To strengthen the Haitian
nation lying economy and help raise the
on in the living standard of the four mil
the shores lion population, Friehds of Hai
s, has for ti hope. to interest and inform
laiti, Inc., the American people concer-
tical orga ning Haiti; stimulate invest-
ment based on Haiti's natural
resources; popularize tourism;
support Haiti's remarkable na
BERY tive arts and culture; and will
lTE aunch an immediate campaign
Sto improve the health, medical,
and educational facilities of the
senate was Islahd Republic.
ent which First goal of the new orga
repairable, nization "is modernization and
Victor Ne rebuilding of the Medical
discussionn School of Haiti to be followed
al interest, by the building of a new. 350-
Oilifuie of
ke. 1) o (continued on page 2)
on page 2)

International Housing Develop
ment Coiporation and the Hai
tian Goveinment covers the.
amount of Six Million Dollars
With formalities cleared for
the handing over of the land
to the Contractors, preliminary
operations were opened Friday.
Meantime at the local offi-
ces, Saturday morning, the ma-
nagement was'busily installing
office furniture and personnel
and attempting the handling of
a large crowd of applicants who
(continued on page 15)

Wieland Here
For Tajks With
President Duvalier

U. S. Marines Train Haiti
Armed Forces

Mr William A Wieland,
Chief of the Latin and Central
'American Section of the U. S.
State Department, arrived here
Wednesday from New. York.
He was accompanied by Colo-
nel Victor J. Croitat of the
Marines Corps.
Mr Wieland who, took lodg-
ings at, Hotel Montana is on
his third visit to Haiti. He was
welcomed at the airport by U.
S. Ambassador Gerald Drew,
Mr Joseph Baguidy, Chief of
Protocol, Mr Clement Vincent,
Introducer of Ambassadors and
Ministers, Colonel Yovane Dou
yon, Commander of the Mili-
tary. Department of the West,
Commander Charles Henriquez,
Chief of the, American Naval
Mission, Major Lionel Honorat,
Chief f of ithq' Jurdlc Section
of Haiti's Armed Forces, and
Captain John Fahy, U. S. Mi
(Continued on Page 16)

Stormy Session
As Senators Debate
Officer Intervention
At Palace-
It will be recalled that du-
ring Wednesday's session, thie
Senate of the Republic, at the
request of Senator Kersaint,
closed the session to the public
in order to shear an important
It was yesterday, in fact,
that the question' was debated
in public and that the opinion
on. it was informed by the non-
equivocal' declarations of cer-
tain Senators. It is 11:55 A. M.
The questions of general inte-
rest are being *aken up. Sena
tor Gasner Kersaint has the
continuedd on page 2)



S(Top) Even Haiti has its train accident. A .motorcycle hit this Eron
orse in La Saline, Tuetdhy, head-on. The motorcyclist suffered bily
minor injines. "
(Center) White Wings. docked .peacfully .here after being captured.
off Baie de Henne.. Later released she 'aild on t6 Pue-to-eico. r
(Bottom). Thirty-eight-year-old Li.t tenzaht-Cblonel Andr6 Fareau, his"
.wife and eight young children leave for Argentina. ., .. .

The 225 Million
Dollar Bet,
Larry ALLEN and P. J.

Lary Alen and Friend
(In Newt-week)
Through a Washington pu-
blic-relations firm, Gen. Marcos
P6rez Jim6nez, exiled Venezue
lan. dictator now living in Mia-
mi,' offered last week .to give a
minimum of $ 225 million to
an Associated Press correspon.
dent, Larry Allen-but with a
(continued on page 16)

370 Furloughed
From U. S. 0. M.
Mr. Harry Yoe, Administra-
tor \of the United States Over-
seas Mission in Haiti, in an in-
terview Tuesday disclosed that
Education, Agriculture an d
Health Progrnams operated
jointly by Haitian Government
and is virtually at a standstill.
(continued on page 15) -


A Little known naval action:
took place, off the coast of Hai
ti, this past/1week. Nothing to
rival .action off .Quemb ..and
Matsu the battle was one-sided,":,
brief and ended with Haiti cap.
during the American craft
According to Mrs. McMillan,
a Puerto Rican, First-Mate bion .
the foreign vessel, it-: happened
thus: .
The aWhite Winfgsn was rid
ing at -anchor in Baie de -Henna,
just around the bend from Mole .
St-Nicholas. Captain Wenidel.
J. McMillan was'sitting-on'the.
poop drinking coffee with his
wife,' daughter Edith and' son,
Billy-Boy, when the early minor
ning calm was broken 'by the
whine of Springfield rifle bullets, .
(continued on page 16)

Gets B. A. Post
Lieutenant-9olopel Andr4 Fa-
reau, executive officer' of -the
Armed Forces of Haiti, -Wa as- ,
signed to the post of Military.
Attachli in Bdenos Aires this-.
Accompanied by his wife and
eight children, Colonel.'Fareau
left by air on Wednesday after-
noon for Argentina.
(continued obn page 16)


SuInday September 14th. 1958 Volume X No. 34 Port-au-Prince. Haiti



. 1.


STO MY S NA E S SSONbaed in closed 'session, before 4(F1IENDS OF HAITID ..
(ovudfopaeeven~ preseninfg yourselves at 9
the ~Palace everybody: officers, (continued from page 1)

fior. t he ribne th Ho al Cngessmen) we have soe~Xe thle public knowy already whabt
rble< Father Conc e d' ty; we must tak~e our res- it is all about. Everyb'ody in bed training and Gereral 1Hos missing young Haitiang
quess te Asemby t deide priibiitis.- ownis alkig aoutAn. pital andy University in. Port- industrial and business e
othprocedureb tobe follow Hee th~reau.Kersaint dia ENo, that is not true, we auk-P4rince, the capital city. It qqes and the cooperain
ed elaiv toth Afai (Of oge beomes accentuated. ~Ker did -not 4jit~ hu by the is the am of Friends of Haiti Americanl youth~ andf
7hich ~ ~ ~ Q~ awe soeithcledlares'that he ha_ al- clocklb stormily reore Sena to secur t he ~coo~perationof:grusi eont-ro c,
essio vestrday. waystahe'his responsibilties tor Constant who added: aWe leading American M4edi cal1 ta'cts with Haitiansmltrc
Theorator attempted to and that he "is still ready to waited 20 min~utes~ o n 1 y' Schoo rehabiltation' and of a. and garden. farmers whocn.'
!xoe ti Afairu but ~with~ take t~hem. Then he remiinded and we withdrew simple? be- .nain a o iac tpieaxnjrt~o ie
a h ofr g e t r tc n .ha Senator M oreau that at ano- cause th e President of the Re D, ;ea n ~ I e n D g k lu a o u ai
det fteafi hl ether ~timne, he andl oth~er~ Collea, public was in conference with Pr~~o fTopa ~iil r1rnosDv~~
publclyrevaledby he 6e gues had thie courage~ to accom' the Dom.inican. Amnbassadior at Cornell Univ'ersity, 1Dr Ha- dent of Haiti, sent the foloi
que dieclrtcs p other Se pany himn to s'ee the Presiden~t and, D.- Louis Mars. We unders rold Brown, M4. D. of Columx- cable. to L~ady Hamilton etK
nato asshal b sen frthr o th Reubli, o th oca- oodtheefoe' hatthe Presi-
~~pb ~ontheocc- ~odthrefre ha cold bia Medical. School~ whio has day, -The. foundingo te
-on.y Sioni of tie' incdent where he dent, of the Republic cudnot recently supervised the setting Fr~iends of Hati asan nlzi
Wedesdy mrnig ao~l -as~ vctim of an Aget of Thi receive ug... As for miyself I up of Mcedical Schools in Puer tin of the dist~ingushedaly
di io aiq'on ou~~ to Rico andl Formnosa, and Dr~ genine, fritndiiissof h e~
the Preident o the = or ,b thefrt\ time during also have my pr'estig~e .of Sena-. Howard A. Rusk,~ M. D. Chair- pl of the~ Unit4aSaei
ct e debtes, Senate Prsien tor toman of the Institute of Physi. deeply apreciated byth e;
t h'ebdwiigro et oiroly whlo tried. to~ centra- the Piresident did not have the C Mde~ n eaiia i.a cligt
h~db~s ~d aha tmatoieei~ S.tion of New Y~ork Universitytual history of or twontm
'arn leadeWatrshe~ of a. sub-commnittee -so closely rallied forme1
fior f te aison Militr do yo wis to be done, qollea M~oreau expessed, his thught o ~
Ir -hattnusedAeianhi ta ncetr ndahl
by t~e ameof ranc RoainTnu Kerai~? tat is ColIeague~ Constn tor rto inalmn hspoet elta h oalsret
appoacie, ad ate seera (I dsil tat a letter be writ had lost al notion of tim~e.To
I ~ pfi th Re saf thati we.. wa an f Haiti is yet-anotherepe..

thee~aor,'drrandd he lt p. bh,. esoned Senato minutes is to lie'-. nouced by itsPresident, Na Sio of the ~traditionalfi

.him hiseace) Ho Seniator Constant does no1t Malcolm ~Douglq taitn nrips f or ea
certan resrve ws noted i hod. himself for defeted- He Amrcnbrnftne'o udrng thege- times o-wolwie
made'Amrkaxor 'foloin dclra
exposing -of the,- peclraotests, red wth~ anger. xI call. le f Britain, famouseliefurs,.ucamnietioo,

the. epon threat fredsi betae othe peoplet~ '#
1,t of~e c countries wool s6otobe
embly teaed eseit I am sol

spok hesai. u didnotpas at cang-i -fren ofe~o Hati a ~e
rathor em geea eerms. ar wittcion, wicngo
hour t the Palace. Fucoe baicll as' imoran as an'.

fIt thet end Se& r- ofl metofudr-eel

nato Kesait hve o uderake and the ithe Chate-Mnhal- agemntsra
~~gae ekingug dipomti trbue jr-Airi
th, ar o hs oleae po-no te pinipeofrtevisit toq e thSe posfood ti of the waeofl Coin-e. wr;ay .S
procedure to b~~~nl~ follo Prnden ao thete Reubic: cats I exten mVerybs

In ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ wse and~ Shonator Stehe peoplekon aAfsrad ~ n olsi.te f ei
"dfecitdea hist Ctheg/e -Sena thes Consantf al~tndi M said. vHaiti is an ander-evnl e M
Seaewrt a leo ekni;Of m~esy. coc ade~ ofi Haitiz nta ou afot per. I I~d
s thei dbthe Senat beein eminently successfu ando1 tas
po~~~~oit biattlae, aduned the sressideton. h od he aytig
wer,~2 A brngng was matte be. M.n of.e tme newspaper! sua nita h epeo
M ore (Hea'*rt ~rapplause) coaltl Senaer PrtesidenatHies. conomync and rais h livingoat Hat coeat.n vr
au orolylt expand hade and Seoul4- Moreau beed ccei~pe In~o wa th e
....nownthathe dd no agree r- quaity'e all atigofs Sena Ho ad asr urgedebdy' Sesation sandasd cnthey t as rould noht dOffcerso rinsoffit
aac, ad ~e bearts'e and thrav of violeun- wait, th thobe Aeiaros eo~e. He Ik
wih h s &i id m a u e,,tis I shal refuse h ou pl acte my adhe thatn they inci nt be cons

whih oe, otff.11 it t~eletrt teChe ofln theEI ei MeI nator e Lu tehen aors of~ Se-redgn cide~d.mnnl er e ie rsien mrc
of~t adpetieo mem1 ~ceived~ Powcili ators waplaisping ~toa quite (Tbicansltd froghbinduerhd byCbeadouId asVc r
Mc~eu ho i~o, wejitha th. Afai th~et taudtoim te Foeegtxion a ely e man gedertionn of plThura-
b~ro halat et. aboe p ofs Nieu Senantorai be -e fromi the Senat waitedry''8)
ed rthe tht te Mniser f sand uu-ithan ir f -aln, almwasrestred intablit, hs rmaied taun E.Griies Vie Pesient- o
the Ineirbivtd gi aigtetiue hypoAeia n a
oapparte poposd t th Prsidet te CaseManhtta Bak a

SUDY SPEBE 4h.15i.H 1 U i A~

All About Stamps


By F. .Burton SELLERS

Nous repfoduisons avec plai.-
a ir cette magnifique page de
notre estimable colligne 1W. F.
..Burton Sellers, membre actif de
.:.-i'otre Club. I1 est figure au No.
-14 de notre inscription. Ext. de
.'*Pan American Philatelist* de
February-June 1957 VoL 3
., Whole No. 28 en a cu la pri-
: meu.r. L'auteur .nous l'a remise
'avec "sa smypathique autorisa-
rion. Nous P'en remercions vi-

4 Whenever I have shown, my
ooleotion of Haiti to oth&r, phi-
.$atelists, I have invariably been,
.'asked why I collected Haiti. Of.
.'tn 'I fear:. my answer to that
iq; question .lia 'been neither lucid
,I.or complete .- I- had never
Srealy thoughtiout all the pos-
Susib]e answers, for there are ma-
'.*iy. Noivthat I put the reasons
1. on papar, .I find- theri-e are even
More than I had originally ima-
igi ,
"^.gi ed" : ", .-" .

':,Perhaps' the most .dgent rea-
-..sou. for olqecting Haiti can beh
ifonain a casual "mepevtioni of
hte.righ t ha-nd columns of
:.s1.-1.'. ,' : o' '
$ostl's 'atalog c-.ow catalog
yralue. Wi hb,: only three excep
'tions there is not a major va-
[;giety of Haiti that presently has
a catalog v-alue in., excess of
$.17. 50, used or unused which-
.-ever is 4heaper. Even the three
ti arities are modestly priced ,'by
the Usual monetary standards
.for- rarities. No. 176, of' .which
; "Aere are only 10 copies rates
a $600 valuation. No 108c. and
;'t:No. 161 carry $200 and' $50 va-

lulation. Less than a dozen ca-
talog at from $10 to $20. All
the rest catalog $8 or less. The
majority are under $1.

To -the collector of modest
means, and most of us are in
this category the foregoing is of
major importance. It means a
good eollectiun of Haiti can 1)b
built with nominal expenditure.
Perhaps m o important, it
means that a substantially com-
plete, collection of the major
varieties is within the means of
most o0llectore. They must -ex-
clude two at the most threat
- from their collection because
of price and. or unavailability.
There are not many eurrefit
stamp issuiin'g countries' with
more than 500 major varieties
which can make this claim.
Anyone who h a s struggles
with the 1908-1917 issues of the
'United States, or with-the issues
of Argentma or Brazil, to -name
a few; wiH, rejoice 4n the ab-
sence of 'water-mark varieties i.
EIaitian philately. Haiti has on-
ly one. issue of six tamips on
wateriarked paper, and the
, watermarks can be seen just by,
looking at the reverse of the'.
' stamp. On frabjous joy -. l-
lect Hati'and bed.emancipated
romn the black-, tray -and the
benzine ,fumes!

, Do you uiow collect a coutmry
where you must be continually
on your 'guard' against cojunter-
feits and forgeries Haiti has
sonie, too, but.' they'- are not
(continued 6n page 13)



1 :. ? \ ...
*,: Five men have been arrested in' the morning. At nightfall he
.on suspic on of being responsi- had 'not returned as was, his
!1ble for the dehth of Desorme habituded, and his household
pernard'. KXnown as -T o t ou anxiously watched through the
whose body was found in, a night. A search was made
estate of putrefaction last Satur through the countryside. The
day' morning on his Jari, hear bod, of the farmer was disco-
%'hz. remdence, on the Plantation vered Saturday morning. It was
.at'Merger. ., found -that his legs and arms
'." ., had been severed by a sharp
Bemrnard is reported to have in~trunment.' .
!,Aleft his babitaiibn as usual on Police are holding the five
'eThursday, Septemriber 4th early men pending an .investigation.

I am -

Jamaican Mechanic
Burkett Expelled

Ernest Burkett, a British
National, was expelled from
Haiti this week. The automo-
bile mechanic end garage
owner flew home to his native
Jamaica by Pan American Air
ways at 10:00 A. M. on Thurs-
day. I

President Thanks Contributo-s To Special -

Fund And Asks Them To Forward

Contribution To Committee Treasurer

Port-,au-Pi ince, Septemier 8,
To the Businessmen and Indus
trialists of the Capital and of
thp Provinces. '

Profoundly touched by the
Birkett whohas lived in Hal marks of -sympathy which have
ti more than 35 years had already been shown him by the
worked with the West Indies different Businessmen and In-
Garage, tormerley owned by dustrtalists of the Capital and
Arnold BRAUN. When Mr. of the Pnovinces,,.the President
Braun scd 4ut to 'th9 Fabius of the Republic warmly ,thanks
family, Burkett continued with all hose who have sent in their
the firm. contribution to the work 'of
This year he opee' his national renovation.
This ycr he opeed-hig own since a 'Committee of Corn'm
garage on Rue des Miracles. c a in ty hastbeoC
Burkett is married and has five merce nd Inustry he ben
is. 'Blformed t receive ..the funds,
clhildron. One of his. sons.-Billy d in o o ao a -
and in orde-r, to 'avoid all con-.
Burkett is, married to a young .fusion, the President of the
Haitian girl. Republic requests the Business
Before Borading his plane, men ad Industrialists to kin-
Mr Burk .tt si:t'd he had' no.
Mr Burktt seatd he had. no dly address. the .amount of their
.idea Ih he had en expelledconiribution -iirectly to 'Mr Ju
,' ,' ,les taylor, c,'o Chamberlof
Comimerce, Treasurer of '.the
,._-said Committee.', *-.'
NATIONAL' COMMISSION aid Committee.' -'
:- FORMED. ,i.

Thp Haitian Goverjment..has
just announced the formation
Af a National)' Commission of
Civil Aviation. The Commission
is atthclbd to the Department
of Foreign Affairs, : and will "
have the tadk of finding a wAy
of.' practising a stricter control
Over the air sphce of the count
try and' of an Ifo prmation Cen
ter of Flying,'

The members of the,Com- FIRST CLAS ,PASS'E
mission are: -Messieurs Victor "'a |
Pierre-Lcuis, President; Lieute .. '% P l i
nant Colonel'Albert Maingnan, T' TO
Commander of the Aviation of "
the .Armed Forces of Haiti, En W '"*
gineer Cauvin, Major. Lionel w EST,' 2 4 th
'Honorht, Captain Pelissier Ni-' Ol 3 Days direct to th
', -. z "C 'y 31h r Americ
colas, and- Mrs. Fernande' -aro E. Ci/ "oder
che, Secretary. Ci'.. adne oda
.-0. I -- S ,a~idngS ronayl*
The coquett offices opened ,- 250 LBS. BAGGAC
in the Exposition area recently *
by bsi'nessman Ex mond Koiiri Ask abo ut round-l
have brought a daily animation complete accurate I'
to this sector through Ed- : --"-PA jTil
'mond's busy activities at his =- A 'ca,
bureau de Distribution du '.Ci- RuAbr aham Li
meant d'Haiti.' i '. .'



- Your choice of Presi
Rainbow. tourist serve
; weekly on giant, radar
Clippers*.' For reser'
S Travel Agent or.PAN

i, [I ",


The Businessmen and Indus ,'"
trialists will kindly note that. -
this measure 'will permit the
Committee to condense the, ,'
work of their detailed contribu ,
tonss into one account.

Dr Fran.qoi( 'Duvalier' .
.Presitent of the Republic. .' '



t4 NC G E R
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-rquipped,. Super-6 ,, .
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IS T. I ":

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DnLNO'~ t sO"" ..
T.low hr- e '306".2;,
rfl l. .. ".l-.

idet frslt~o clas-o

Sice. Three flights.
F-equippad Super-6,S

-vationsi caIIl yluf :'i
rAM .. ",..,!


an Fridays

Rue Dantes Destouches-Port au Prince-Tel: 345


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PAGN .3 .


- HArr SUN-

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HAM t 19

J E, !T': C, L 1. P
iansatlantic j et ers 'will be them for Commercial scrvi-ce.
'flying in comfort,
Currently for certification to Pan Am' guration of
'new a I I
pair. NMgW
h0:7 had, made predelivery flights passenger service this fall.' and safety before prov- 'ThcL4e -.165-pas&mger giante
over L a.tin Americai is
Co 60 toMexico Ckyand Caracas, Ve- Establishing 'sp e ed -records ided by. a new, airliner. The -will, be bringing the wor141s,,.,
-f light, the four most, remote s" virtually to
ev )o-rerful jet engines thrui
of time'"d disiance and push- nez4el with. nearly. cry
"imia ba& the 0 his ideas' 7;: It, fl" -the 2.609 miles. from b g Clipper -flew the 1,612 miles -irig'th"e'big Chipp rs off the Latin Americas doorstep.1
M exico from S Ju to New Y ork in ground and through the air at 0 ,.e
da trave Seattle, W, ashington to', an an
h 4, liburs and 95 mi- 3 hours iand 24 minutes, nor- aftitudes pp. to 40,000 feet.give AT %B.ACQULOU
enew!age is opening -wit
aelzing a top speed en mally a 5hour and 30 minute the vibra!tion-free,
th: first flights between an nutes, re passenger a
`Puexto.: Rico,'-and '%.Wevi uie 4 670 miles an h and trip. Two days later it'shuttteA alm'ost e6undless journev, cli- F Murisseau-Leroy s .4,
York of Pan- American; World' averaging 575.At -si d t-he back to an Juan in 3 hous minatin' the fatigue'of long air play`-j?,ARA1, Will be pr
`767 jOt,'C" Arne-' miles to Caracas from Mi- and 20 minutes., tAPS. ed atthe Bacoulu4i Night.041",
And thcM7 'Jet Clipper'Is the in-, round theater, Wednegda',!
riewo a'-n'gu' a d of th'fllji6et amii -in 6rdy 2 hours and 40 mi- All, these flight ri,-cords would
am. Dou lk ja.
'.bf, 44 Boeing as, nut md:returned in .2 h, 0 urs, have been regarded as pure fan tthroughly tested er- evening,,,at.8:3.9
minutes, averagidg 555 tay 30 years -ago ivhen Pan Ani ca
liners te'ing built for:. Pan. Am. and 32 al air liner ev put. hito'scr- author, will play the title role"
flsj miles an our.' Clipers began spreading -their ic` Boein d,
an h' spent $ 16,000,000 Madame Renau Andr6 Ccai fi 100-mile-an-hour wings owx La- building'apratotypawhich li" tent, Pierre. Mexile, Michelet;t
4. jetliner, prqvi- un America. Now Clipper n Dom
pjyi4 'flight e T ma4'b a Then the n ew Ame flown, hui6dreds :of hours: i Dieudonnc- C6'
'4Oy Certificated by the C. rica is '6ven I sheing. tim6.6ff ad- t sine 1954. Bo
U.S.1 conmerca jel, lyheli ests e. emg since -arid twenty- other artists 6om-''
I lv
T g' "fok cargo operations alad vance, egtimatcs'made by engi- his 6pent.lsoini45,000,00-0 dea plete. th. cast
Jii but not yet eers before jet Clippers ilegan 'veloping a: n 0 i's e suppressor ",K]Zaraio 13 the
&_4erlca "C 140 q.r Cr' story'.of a
delivered ground from thft'-
6b passengers, w ying- f I ose mq.Y.
mupdf4e 1;q miles carry, n Dow 11ces
f4rgoi SP!, which red 1 e, oountiy 'Wh
o-' 4A 23 "t, 'P. Anieric =-':,.b)r.:. 13,66n, The that Caracas no'
in tfs a jets.mean
2- 1h 0'. _.m. 19. Ise faotoir with-in acceptable had, sent him io.tqWnto
-COF)per Amerioa oomnianded our
will.'be only four h' s from limits for civilian air-portz. educa;ted., He returned to, the,
C _p;pieIr 'New -York ev
by 102 ain S "instead of On, ali The J-57-type turbojet engine comitry to take up 'life
4V pi[)-pjer and W, ,ayt aw 0 it noiv is. Mexico City and Pa- pow erin the 707 je h. flown' hi old playmate I s I .
n ".,
,23 N-W, VA '4 'Lil and
1%04. -ugue # p a will be 3'hours an.J 22 tho an,&',of h;Dur- on milit is Rara time qyp
t U_ h6n, the aircraft; d mori, than -160 Ai
0: sch& James min apart, rather',t an,
that the I
r Gbssip had it
t le in 7,all present, 5 hours and 6 ninute
-jet tankers of the same group wo dt oat this,-J
yorce iad. n go,
ju P t'A' A tQ b and ineteetd, of d 4-lipw-5S-mi- -h ic simeture as the 707 jet year-, A, terrib e. Acfi t had,
JIM, I den
-k 0 1 as
gmae le Vy by d' nute air joui0ey, thi! Buenos Clip& ha 1eu'in service been fon*en.
The, editof -of infl k I EY of ftei4o d official' Altes-Rio de Janeiro, flight will for some tim how
4ic, 0001 .". I q, I I I Simon, the Rra', Chi
mulbf&, i1i gaii:Jtiin -4taileta th d -hb, 'Then when -the first, thre ly decides that fie Fill
"an et Chprers Tangtng, ar into pA0 tAij the: bapd 6CPffi#' a
-,As .13iii Weross oceans Am
rGRed off the -awin" :ma qgrja predk atd.
eric4fi a lh
Nix asT- th
t. xn an aroun e oirld are ca 4ly pjAch
p was waggoa
44 de
Uiand, 3?q 'C'', ot ""i 4'k" travel timem by eRu" .,with iuOic* testing wagging.
N o 6 gosip: tonguej
UT L li*e n un
soull.: 46 1 1 1 Aud _n,
4ew 4. f1com.
P Oelut. pe
MI- X. 0 der 'all he _C1 d ed
A ap walk
ej b 'r
at, ut ai el
OL cql!",mg -109 trdv 6onditip. before CAA certified towards 4ngp:,
v d
ve 4h O
e 4 T S. C

'11, U

M '07.
(,.Dn,.t e labd AND S E
.&Vwi 500j's WM isat.
G]:)A UE
(t Nb R: i4 ij 7041 68 4 0.
A 11



The'.,' STUDEBAKER,: 19,58 model, combines the tentie d.,',
lolstiftj.j mlldnbsuwitavlr
f6jp cl
.b P*416444001 -the iports:,.mode ass StY16 ancl the adequate
'Port f
aapr -power,, or A t d fe -ice, d at great
your nee s -4 4 4 Ino era pn
ispLvings in gasolihe c M, 3 iom
T BUTOW'.10-R. 'H
T_; AlTt

^V&.AMC Aiulk "m iv, 'tw I d% W wriair I



Community Weekly Published Sunday Morning

Women's League Requests Consideration
For Women, Minors Held In Prison
i, .The plight of women who have been arrested, and held in
S prison and a number of !evuests for their well-being while in
I- custody -were set down in a letter to Minister of the Interior
".* Frederic Duvigneaud on August 28th. by Haiti's Ligue Feminine
Sd'Action Sociale. The case cof minors was also taken up.
i.g The contents of the exchange of corresp.ordcnce i:as made
public by the League's President, Miss Marie-Therese Colimon,
thi. week:
From a bhmanitary standpoint, the League is herebyfrequest-
uing 'you to proceed with liberating the expectant mothers, and
f the minors, actually in custody who can .only surfer from this
s, incarcerations, the letter from the Women's League stated.
| The members also requested Minister Duvigneaiud to bring

!< all the women who are presently imprisoned in the various cities
of the Republic, to'trial before natural judges.
The League further slated: cWe take this occasion to ask you
'", to consider the eventuality of conferring the, administration of
' Women's prisons to women in order to avoid regrettable in-
c .eidents'.
Their letter concluded saying they hoped their requests rvould
nmeet the usual cordial reception which the Minister has always
shown to enterprises so ,far undertaken by the Ligue Feminine
d'Action Sociale. ,
-.. Minister fluvigneaud's reply dates August 28th. ackn'pwledge
,. receipt of the letter concerning the women actually detained
.' in prison. He stated hq had given his best attention to their
^ eq est.7 .' '. ." .. .
-. 'TIhis delicate .quesi. wil.. be ezaimined with all the solici-
t.i rude which it merits',, Mr. Du'igneand assaued the League.
I" ',* --*. ,'..**


T. .' \ l i ."'
.'- .,}Washington.--President Eienhower is going to a summit
, .aonfeience 'after all'; not the KLhrushohev summit but the Ku-
2bit.chek summit.
: This will be a meeting of the heads of statof the 2.1 American
republics which has been a special project of President Juscelino
Kubitschek of Brazil.
A western hemisphere summit is needed. The United States
Las permitted the impression to grow that it'is more interested
in the welfare of nations far away than it is in its neighbors to
',the south. It is a complaint .which has sbme substance.
I". The Nixon, Mhiltoni Eisenhower and Dulles trips hae served
:-. to bring into the open the need to clear away misunderstandings
w which get in the way of solving real problems.
The grievances drise mainly out of! misunderstandings of U. S.
policy which. Latin American Conmminists do, theit best to
:.;,distort Th: p priincilal ones are these:
: Grieviice 1. That while we have given large ,economic aid
'^. elsewhere, Latin American countries can't even get loans.
Balancing2 Facts. Two-way trade with the U. S. is up six-
^ r'.fold sincc the end of the war. While it is true that the United
^.States devoted lBilli6ns to rescue 'the economic .,structure of
,Western Europe a buying market for a.l Latin Amerikan coun-
^ >tries. American military aid serves the .security of the whole
w. western hemisphere. I -
.:, Grievance 2. Latin Americans eye the vast American budget
ibad wonder why more economic aid cannot be easily forth
,coming. \
"Balancing Facts. Because of their own relatively low taxes
nL nothing over 16 per cent -- Latin Americans have little appre-
el: nation of ti1e heavy ta burdens carried by citizens of the United
i States- as steep as 91 per cent in the highest brackets.
I,' Grievance 3. -Democratic forces in Lati9 America resent our
dealing with' dictatorship governments.
|=: Balancing Facts. The policy of the U. S. is hon-intervention
g. the political processes of Latin American countries. The al-
i.t^ernative would be to take sides in national elections which
,ivould be. more resented.
There are, of course, grievances which do not rest upon,
misunderstanding. The one-commodity economies/of many Latin
..Amencan iaitions' are specially vulnerable to any recession in
|lthe Ui&'t6d" States. Whtien free-market prices in the U. S. go dawn,
||a: conntiry like Guatemala, for example, 85 per cent of whose
i,.oreign exchange comes from coffee, is acutely hurt. They would

h^ ,'

V. '-',.:
! 4i '

like price-quota stabilization.
The World Bank, Export-Import Bank, Economic Develop-
ment Fund, have been administered without 'a coherent policy
toward Latin America and Latin Americans have suffered from
inability to survey their own needs expertly and from being
shunted from one institution to another.
There are great capital opportunities in" Latin America and if
we do not help develop them the temptation is to turn to the
Communist demagogue who gives the appearance, if\nupt the
substance, of economic hope.

Bishop' Discussez Haitian Problems.
Housing, Medical Care And ,

Education Are Cited by
Episcopalian Prelate
mIn the New-York Times"
(Monday Sept. 8)
Housing, medical care, and
educationv were described yes-
terday as major problems fac-
.ing the Government of Hsiti.
The assertion was made. by
the Right Rey. C. Alfred Voe-
'geli, Protestant Episcopal Bi-
'shop of Haiti, who was guest
preacher at St. James Protes-
tant Episcopal Church, Madi-
son- Avenue -and .Seventy-first
Street. He said that the recent
.political crisis in.Haiti had not
,affected the work of the, chur-"

. .uThe church in 'Haiti is lobk
ling forward to the Governmet's
'interest in, the people, especial
ly in these three areas., Bishop
Voegeli said.

aPreaching the gospel of
love and. understanding and
redeeming society in this way
is an aspect that interests the
church as a whole in., endeavo-.
ring tb support the Haitian
Government as much .as possi-
ble., he dbclgred. -
He called sin the basis of all
the problems of the world, sav-
ing that the basis of sin ais
man putting himself in place of
aIt is this., kind of egoism
that is at the root of ,segrega-
tion, racial prejudice, and cor-
ruption-in government,, Bishop
Voegeli asserted.
The Bishop expressed his
thanks to St. James Churh
here for helping to establish
St. 'James Church anmd the
Resurrpvpnm in North-west Hai

ti as well as a dispensary on
the Island of Tortuga.
Funds for those projects
were raised at a parish fair
and Haitian art exhibit at St.
James a year. ago, Bishop Voc.
geli said.
aYour resources have helped
is immeasurably arid you in
ie United States have' shown
us-that you care-because God
cards,. he added.
Bishop Voegeli is also bishop
in charge of, the' Episcopal
Church's missionary district in
thS Dominican. Republic. He

has been

Bishop of Haiti. since


I. I



September 11, 1958.
Dear Sir
I hope your newspaper #tuch
widely read by foreign, resi-.
dents as well as Haitians will".
furnish some indication "as to
why several foreign residents,. .
one who had been more than
30 years in the country were
suddenly, expelled.
As a foreign resident myself "
who has an investment in thi .'
country and who intends to ,.
benlrge on this investment, the -
rumors which su-round these
expulsions makes 'one rnervciud
sad causes one to ponder 'alt
.his own position- "' = *
I remain. ,

Yours gratefully, -'
A foreign resident, '..'.
EDITORS NOTE: It is the' '
prerogative of any 'country-to"..
deport desirablee aliens. In-..
ternational Law males it .clear ,
(Cotminued on page 16)..
.-- ta''*'



,. ,,'. ,". ,. .


IN HAITIAN PRISON.CELL Pilofs'Fa' It I Haiti La`ndin
Takes a few:Minutes., ,advance landing authorization
By James BUCHANAN la The Miami Herald there,%,-
to Read the Rule or advance flight plan;
ti Landing foTe,,, this. flight was in d, 'it
but classless windows, added to pilotes Fault in Hal .
TWO Miami charter,.Pi.10,ts from the moment it T
wag p anq,,:,:
aid that thepresident of Haiti the men's discomfort.
Editor the Miami Herald: nldlt'
probably saved' their lives"by They were not permitted to
contact-U,. S., ernbassy officials, The Herald reported ,a, story Irresponsible air dpera ons,.:-
checking :his soldiers', machiner otg
gun 0 fi, re as the Y lar!id ed..dt (cand I if I we hadn't,,seen thecon- enitled, aTwo Miami .pil destroy:'the good name of the,
Sul, visiting sbrneone else in, the detained in Haiti-. United States, and the Ame
prison he' never wot;ld`_have can ublic gets the impnsion'j
Surgeon Duncan, 26, and' According to the report the
known we were there,,k Dob that dur, foreign neighbors are,-
med to scheduled,',qt -night
Ernest'.Bobbins, 27, rettL bins 'said. alway& in the wrong.
Mimi-aft6r spendingfow days, and the aircraff landed at Port-, I have fl(2" 'my Priv46.,.
in filthy, jail and prison- Complicating their release They -were r'e 1, e a e Prince, 14aiti at 1:30 in-the
u. air-plane in and out of tle, 076,,!
ahid'then completing the flight was. the fact: the two passion and ordered to refuel-.. their morriirig'. Samuel Duport. is quo',,ribbean and Latin Americaq.;.
t Able Argentino, Faijoe nd leave the country- ted,. ,Port_'auPrince was tountries a manytrips, for the.
td, Cui which -ad in errup gers plane a
e arpo, carried They found.'man of the Pla' heduled crefu"eli 9 and,
ted, by.' the revolt was Jitt ry and'Jorge A.',M y sc n stop ast 12 years, and have never.
$23.000 in cash for -a Curacao, ne's sma-11 itemi of equipment 'in. Duncan filed''ah inter
Haitians. Capta experienced any 'difficulty.
business deAl. The., Haitiang Ap'missig. national fligbt plan according
It or4y takes a few minuteg:
The two' Pilotr', employes Of Carl Mc ent
paPently figured,. the money DuPont Attorney to Aormal procedur to read. the rules.
du Pont Air Interests, W16-re
was to finance another revolu- Herinj said a complaint would Dupont's statements'are a-
held from Sat4rday, Aug. 30, ti
on atterApt.. be made to the Haitian govern- ue, he and.his
Y mazing and), if. tr R.' PAUL VVEES 1MR,
until -WOnesda noon, Sept throuiliAhe St 1 1. I .1 1 1 1 1, .
Wind and rains accompany- ment ate Depart pilots should. be investigated
while -authorities. checked
2, ing Hurricane Ella_: which ment asking damagers, for lost... by federal '. 'authorities. In the Ed. Note: This letter Was
thir backgrolinds. d those of is an written to the Mianii Herald,"
Pn swe t in thr6ilgii the barred time' and equipment. Pirt-au-Princei
their:,,two, Argentinian pagserim 1A
unlighted lield, ,surrounded by (Sept. 8th) by Paul Weemer,`,-
double be hills, and is, themfore,,, an ex- resident bf Mi ami; oWmr,,bf,.,
Their tr gan, when: THEY.OROKE: THE REGULATIONS,
va-l It remely. dangei&us loeration. the RiViera Hotel at, Pol
tler attempted a routine:1 Dupont, At FAu
Sedbndly, there is no govern Prince tfhohas made d6zens':
at., Port-au-Prince-
The two Atanii pilots-who came blunderiti- iuto.,a olosad air -d' -Haiti qnd flight of -flights to Haiti, piidtir,q
Sat ur ay 7 mehtTa io at
d Port Etna Suffered the consequences'have b6en given almost th"
)lans ar tranimitted through own
-We didn!t know it at the
w wise
full treatments ne s ihe' #rtesy of Aeronautical,
tirrie. Iiiinca'nsald. aBut-there co,
The only raissiii. link, in.the story.which -petered out 'in the Inc.' ii Pan American Mr. Weesner I I own a CownEt
,were 50. br,, 60: machine guns i 9e;ald M g d I "I't back, I h ome I in Miam i" Radio,
Miam on. ay, wi,- e pios A' \This
4 _1 irway;s. circuit los6s, at, 3 and had his own airline
-trained ori us, ill the tirrie -we -., ? I I I I F
grying eix. impression 6f -a Haitan jai, th MID 4, 5:00 P. -M, ilhicfi ., in that
were buzzing fhe. run N th was, 6 st vit'l eant oporating in the.Vnited Stata
Vay, ',.try- !and the'llone",that, gave, birth tothis 'story and ve-iT! nearly'caused
Raitian officials could!ibt have anid' the C"aribbean. He might,
ing, to get them to'remove th& the death of.,he pilots an1d,:their passengers.
arly. advarim" information of 6e ii&2hed 'as an aulthority'qn.:1,
oil drums eried
,they."had scatt th S 'flight: ying a privapr
Howdilijthe 'Mia-miInternational Airport permit esemen to- I aikcraft around
&roilnd uch a
file a fl ght; plan alid dei for Haiti, at, night when, durin he
'g t -416iti, like most oreigrv coun &i Caribbean -and. Central A.
4rWe were told latern: Dobbins astquamtr,.6f' century,,this-
airport-h&s been ellosed'te night
tries requires either' formal mel
added, athat when our' plane i "
f1i,6,,hts'uot: dyerr eqiu d le such fli
ppe, o aoconfodat
,.fiove7 in. sight the military, wan-
Reporting of Ithb, story from Miami has been, someivhat:lop-
--ted to open,' fire atr ofi But, sidj6d wiith, the declara aide by Mr. Dupont.
the decision 'was left to Presi- Veterain pilot, Paid Wessiner', in a letter Ao`the Herald, was-,
dbnt Francois Duvalier,) and he quick to'recogniZq ihere the-lbla'-me rests.
9a4 w'si 'we, it is a- small kplane,' _:,'-Friendly counsel'to )1r. Dupont is that if he hopes. to styjn
_10t, land-7 the plan,_for-hije' business servmol South America nil th
-aittn g were rolled rib el en e, ih h 'h s better fAmiliarize himself with -the fac
of Jife, S6uth:"q
away, tlie. landed, and f ihe- I b d r.
tbe-, four, men'.were lmmediate c pilots mentions, iswas a bad, ffionth for
1 .1 I I I 91da"MAU LT
comlany,, as ey hid lost a plane, At the- b6ttoni a Guantanamo
'S urided, -b 11 .,. I I I Vi FFWMPdT,
y 20 or''30
Bay 'load6d--, wi I tha'xines, foi. Fidel ,Castro. The manwho hired
Lc wiid cars 11
it had stated thii, was not his: fir'st s'" trip,
duct 'of ndi fLir at Piort-u-
-The wbni -pro 'this riight4a' Ing a,
.&We .Were for, an PrMice 16 that, now ple, Asure craft have been WaZaed -to sta clear
hour aw we 'stoo& besl 'the of Haiti' SAMS.
1'e_ wi-th':, -our,.h e It has becn.tbe moniun
1P ental task of this newspaper to en-
ed rj3 k unc an sai of yalchtis,. and of' privateaircraf I t which help
-Thiaii we .66aiage, the visits
li station popularize, a c to st-wise
wer ouritry' ouri
e taken 'to. a poied
an we sat 2,0. Urs, s all :ias: 'Mr' 11)UPOnt's. cost' bdth couAtries in good
qnt hard benches, against:. a A ......
av rec mmended often
that the red tape which% hampers
the vil cJ ya'chts and- at aift be cufto a mininturn..
Facing them all the time
"When tne state of emergfnc ie 'thing of th6, paat, n Haiti
-p-r-M a 4e 4a
the men, iaid, were 'three ar- cridt. e
unfort el W will We ViAtis of Pleasure
ds. -,Who'stared at: us, fmctlqn of' Une
1iM guair' fov6muf ion" Aaim
and repe edly m'told us em lrs U13 ingenieux:
make a. false move.-
dlspa3fif de s4ehce.
Finally transferred to -a call
61 es ctu pne-o
with criminals; the rents br
men later were' sent to the stands' que la cOnsfr(Ar+jO-n
m6 'e 1-4
main, prison where we were u p erCa.shio'n Sans.Cha r
with a better class of prisoners orber les Cahofs, ide
perme* d'abs a,
politicians and newspaper- fe. Vous aurez moims. de pneus
men*. rou
T plaf, ef enoins de Mais pan-e q6e la
Co S*rue0an Qlirip-Se clusive do
The men blamed 1heir trou-
Zoo& ar in e praftquement iles I
bles an the fact their flight Yl -",,tn:
plan, from Miami to Willems- vaiisons. babituefles.
+nel- 0mrarnn- tiv wnlir 'nf PAr+_ i R!! ill





In native idiom, a person
when possessed is amounted, by
his god, and thereafter becomes
his ch'wMl, or horsee. A devo-
tee may come under the in-
fluence. of a number of spirits
during a single ceremony or
dance, one loa succeeding ano-
ther. The first deity that ever
came to a person, however, for
him cpnsti-tutes the chief of his
gods his mait' tte -- and
the leader of any deities which
may subsequently possess him.
It is this loa alone that is -bap-
Stized,, and this one alone eta-
ken from his head' at his death;
as far as he is concerned, all
Shis other gods are under the
control of this mait' tete, so
that any agreement which he
may enter into with his princi-
pal spirit must be respected by
all the others.
Fundamentally, ip Haitian
peasant thought,'to be possessed
by a loa means that an. indivi-
dual's spirit is literally dispos-
sessed by that oJ the god. Per-
sonalities u n d e r g o radical.
b change in accordance with the
Nature of the deity, while even
"%tthe sex of the one possessed -is,
.'disregarded if it differs from
- *that of the god, so that, "for
example, a woman amounted-
Sby Ogun isalways addressed as
SPapa Ogun. One wears the co-
Jas of the god and the orna-
n: cnts he likes, eating and drink
, those things he piefers, and
otherwise manifesting his pecu-
liar characteristics rolling on
the earth, if possessed by Dam-
ball or chattering incessantly.
if by Gede.
Not everyone, by any means,
Sis subject to states of' possession.
f the- existence of individual
differences in the capacity for
Religious expression ps recog-
nized1, it becomes apparent that
*:, while some react to the super-
natural 'with immediate and
f. overwhelming emotion, and
' ..thers, though incapable of as
' deep a response, do senie the
'?*mysteries of possession, there
are still others who go through
i..ife without ever feeling this
",.religious kthrillu. In native ex-
.planation, .it is -.the former to
S. whom the gods manifest them-
I"selves, who. become the ch'wal
: of their loa; while to the latter
t: he deities never make them-
Sselves known.
Scientifically, the phenome-
Snon of possession in Negro cul-
rtures, at least, is as yet unsatis.
", facto-ily explained, largely be-
cause of the almost complete
.absence of adequate reports on
"tthie background and incidence
of specific cases. Perhaps the
In.ost satisfactory approach to
W.ts understanding is through a
j,.onsideration of it in terms of
differences in nervous ihstabi-

lity, which may be thought of
as predisposing different per-
sons to 'experience the religious
thrill in different degrees; or,
in other terms, by reference to
their differing susceptibility to
One'must reject an hypothe-
sis whJich attempts to explain the
Vodun of Haiti in terms of the
neuroses, even when, as in the
admirable exposition of Dr. J.
C. Dorsainvil in cVodou et N-
vrose Portau-Prinoe, 1931), the
approach neglects neither ac-
cepted genetic theory in stres-
sing the inheritance of neurotic
tendencies in voduist family
lines nor the important histo-
rical forces which have been
operative. For in terms of the
patterns bf Haitian religion,
possession is 'not abnormal, but
normal; it is set in its cultural
mold as are all other phases of
conventional living. That i,t gi-
ves release from psychic ten-
sion ddes not alter th9 case;
neither does the -fact that it of-
fers a way to the satisfaction of
unfulfilled desires, as when the
god, speaking through a wo-
man under possession, demands
a necklace or bracelet which,
though forever the property of
the god, will be worn by his
devotee. I
These facts merely empha-
size the. compensatory 'charac-
ter of the phenomenon. The
social situation of the indivi-
dual also enters; some undoub-
tedly simulate possession for the
attention it brings them, while
a person who experiences no
seriou-s difficulties in the course
O fhis life is perhaps never cal-
'led upon to ask whether or not
he is properly serving his gods;
is'never placed in a situation
for which possession *would be
a release. Hence to consider all
possession, as something which
falls within the range of. psycho-
pathology is to approach it han-
dicapped by a fundamental mis-
The best evidence of the so-
cially normal nature of posses-
sion is the existence of rules go-
erning its incidence which are
well understood by all. Not
everyone who is a cb'wal may
become possessed at any dance
or service, for the gods, if pro-
'ierly under control, are per-
mitted to come only to mem-
bers of the family giving the
-ite. If a loa persists in dan-
cing at a Vodun dance given
by another family, it is either
one of these loa bossal already
described, or a loa vagabond,
and may be scolded by the hun-
%an: "You must not come here!
You are not wanted! Go home
where you" belong'!
The passion with which a
-'erson resists his god, when he
reels possession coming on at
a rite not given by his own fa-

mily, is particularly instructive.
Men have been seen holding so
tightly to the rafters of the
shelter under which the dance
was being held that the muscles
of their forearms formed great
cords, while beads of perspira-
tion rolled down their fore-
heads. A person who must live
away from his family for a long
time usually takes steps to
"feed" his loa in order to sa-
tisfy it, for it is more important
to give offerings to the spirits
than to dance for them. He
therefore either quietly pre-
pares a sacrifice of cereals and
liquor in his own room or sends
money home so that his loa may
he "fed, at the family habita-'
tion, and his absence explained
to it.


When Vodun deities were
discussed in Mirebalais during
the writer's visit, most often two
,companies" of them were men-
tioned, the Rada and the P-

tro "squads,.
F r o m comparatively


times the impression has been
given that certain of these clas-
ses of gods perform only good,
and others evil. Nothing could
be further from the truth than
this attempt to read European
concept into Haitian ideology,
for though some gods are fear-
ed far more than others, and
some generally regarded with
'affection, even these latter bring
great harm to a neglectful de-
votee, while the gods whose
power validates the most malig-
nant magic may, in certain si-
tu'ations, work for the good of
their worshippers.
For while a general principle
in the cult of the dead is that
in the normal course of events
those who die deliver up their
souls to God, making the care
for these souls primarily a con-
cern of the Church, it is recog-
nized that there are others who
become loa. This occurs when
an individual, usually a priest
or priestess of the Vodun cult,
who during his lifetime was
known to possess great super-
natural power, dies without
having had his lea "withdrawn


from his head-. Burdened by
these spirits, and therefore
,aLIIable to get to God, his soul
goes to the bottom of a stream
there to .remain until, becom-
ing impatient, it demands to be
taken out. A ceremony then
brings back the tortured soul
arnd makes of it a "'loa nan ca-
narie a loa in a jar which
thereafter -acts as a guard for
its family.

There is little agreement as
to the place of residence of the
loa. In general, it is believed '
that they come from Guin6e ,.
each time they are called, re-
turning ivhen they have, in the
native idiom, descended from
the 'heads of their horses "
that is, when the possession, of.
their devotees has ceased. Those
under t h e water*, however,
being Haitians, remain in Haiti
for seven years until the cere-
mony just mentioned, of jiu- ;.
ring them nan canarie, has'bee'n
performed, when they, like the *',
other lea, return to Guinue. At '
the .samq time, all recogniz; the
Afrnicadin character of the loa,:'*'
whether they he gods brought;
from Africa or Cr6ole Ioa from
Haiti itself...
(Continued pn pagp. 10) :'

'*" :"' ,^ ~ fi = ^ --...- .'*.

- -
I. .
n '

Ao &

- '

The floods that cause tens .of .thousands of
dollars worth of destruction -'that damage
our land beyond repair need never happen
again! Powerful earthmoving machines -
and much'of the money needed to do the
job are ready to stop .the floods before
* they start ,
What are we waiting for, then? Commu-
nity action! When enough concerned folks
.get together and set up a watershed pro-
gram then well have action.
Federal funds are available for utip to 50%
of the total cost of developing an approved
watershed. public Law 566 is designed
"specifically for towns and farms with'water
problems that cannot be handled by their
own resources.

The watershed program falls into -two.
categories upstream application of soil
and water conservation practices such as
terraces, grass waterways, ditches and ponds
- and 'structural measures usually involv-.
ing building larger dams, etc.
Check with your local soil ahd water
conservation authorities on how to start a ...
watershed program. Join with interested
farm and civic groups to protect public
and private property and safeguard our '
most priceless heritage our soil and water.

Maurice Bonnefils,

Manager,, Chancrelle


.Pr*Cnuirp laund ,,s N rqln'.nd ITwemaks (tU NJ lkI (-Co

-^ZHWM""" -" ---------r-

--- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -

-^.^~~fa tt^^a a S^ ?K'? cc^ -" -

__ t I- ______ -^ a c^ '^ ... .^ --" ----------

s-s --a~a- ---...--- ----- ---- '_ -

-- ^.- -_ -s

- ~a&EEB- s- -s.--- c- --~--- -- --- -

--~~~ ~-~ -~~~

AYSPQEilfrBEnrf1thl 1


- ~-

:i Joseph report

harry Allen Assolcia'ted Press Carib Indian *as in town over
[he weekend he missed the seal-ping in Venezuela... Charlie
Piti was woelcomed to town by. FinmaneeV Minis~ter Jules Th6baud
turdav. He 'returned to D. C. Monday... Ti Barb Morrisson
jin Saturday. He has a corvette (car not battle-ship) arriv.
[ this weekehd... Toni De 'breed I&LM dis'trier manager here.
,pent most of the week ,talad-Je in bed... Carol Mahal and
r& siter do a smiling goad' job at the airport shop and refresh-
,'t bar.,They wetleome' fhe tourist with At=m pimeh fresh
WrBahilourt... Ti Pdi Bavssan Phum Barbancourt and La Belle
i$61 Pt iRs real activee' thin week... Gladys hogat Monier is
ing Miami.... Hiiheh A~braham, director H ait s. tourist
ice in Mi-ami caine to townm this week... Felix Je'tn Louis' ie-
hted Wedhtesddy T'i6 the Washington Embassy... Rfymond
lpomated from the Rue di Centre College this past week...
,.e Cabinei ILger Offices is a transformation to. behold.' The
aiieir decorators have donela tnasterifil job. The paintings by
b: "IM Lev'4tje ate iiiter'esting.. New Zealand butter climbed
B i ti~w.lhigh this week. Atherton Lee has become an addict to
i'Ctibe fib flavored beurre... Mrs. A-nri Soendrl ,returned
ti a l htg ,sejo-W ln the" Uited States Wednesday... Unaof-
icial said that the Maifb .S0?Yej team is coming }ack soon...
snjer disembarked 1" owen" Field with shoes to outfit-an
rmy.. They were arrayed bi" the. C4stons bench... Woman's
.'Pnie champion of thie iPetionviille Club is Josiane-Vital who
rsently iii New .Yrk with her parents di tindig the knar-
..4e of I.grdWVital... Axel Madsen has quit his job with the
lill 'and is returningg tb work on the family estates in the
PAit of Jaomel which recently lost its little pier to Ella... Thp
attache ,at the British Embassy is Clarence Roberts. Mr.
?Aberts is a Canadiana. His wife ig etpeted 4o join' hbim-here


..ou maui-ri,.
i1 'ceidav. on c6-tb
retotnin li nan t&.

Fiiz Vl6ye Cldrit6,
W=.ini Va chant6.
IL l o dan '
'I Ya dans6.
.:vl6 yobaile lblguei

VIp~ p& pal6
!.a lfTrmin djcA p&.



'e eglise! E~bri Dwi~

tkkir6,, voy6 oi sou Il a&
toUt' actionh-Ael gA1b* xoV
'ual' di li.'

Ai Bon'lIi eu', pas v16 oui moutrill
ix ouI- JA- '@ oui-ti.



uFwt Qj the F


~LL ~--~

Miss Marie-Maud Boisette left
last Sunday for Germany where
she will continue her studies of
the piano at the Conservatory
of Stntgard.e Mims Boisette was
granted a scholarship by the
Government of Federal Repu-
blic -of Germany.
Colonel Roger A uib ry vre-
tired from the Armed Forces
of Haiti on August 27th., and
was granted a pension of $ 180
per 'month.
Captain Roger Rameau, pla-
.irJ in retirement by the Armed
Forces of Haiti last month was
granted a ionithly pension .of
$I '10.00.
Mr. Felix Jeln-Louis, 1st. Se-
crethr'y at the Haitian Embassy
in Washington; arrived in Port-
au-Prince 'by alt, on hednes-

The Fea t of tie Nativity MIs
observed here .jMndaay, 'With
special religo0v" ceremonies A in the thajiel of -La

Assistant J)ireetor of aLa Re-
gie 0di Tb'ae et des Alluhcties.-
-Mr. Hbshi- 'Apolbh, 'is ipdrted
to be rbatfLyl improved Whdrv&
he is umidergoing medical treat"
mea it N-ew-'Yoxk's MedicaI
Center.. 1.. Apollon" had t&-l"
veiledd to.ileStates I*ith his
wife for two' weeks iigo to see
specialists. They are expected to
return to Haiti arly-in No-
PjI3ES# 69
Attorney Leon Alfred, noted
j.uris and 'former Secretary of
State, passed"'aWaj in 'his resi-
dbice it Ba bi&le, ui.. Monday
evbiiing lkollot*lgabe&a 6r.- attak
He va's 69. years df A&e.
h 'deceased "aa.s ihlgh es?
teemed in the .profession here
whh& lie *As bonAid~ied ait
authority on matters of juxiipru-
d6&ic. lie h-dter bTrtd hMMi-
.nister of Justice, ana1 taught at
7bh S*hbh1 .bf LaU' hi Pdrt-Aiii-
Hie *a 1tUna&-S&*eia'y oV
Finanke foxrseverl yeuqrs tinder
the 6ovbhrnmdnt of ex-ii'esideJi
Stenio Vincent.
impressive tuhera rites 'werie
held Tuesday afternoon )Nt the
Sacred. HAa-t Church li'n Tur-
gean. where a large gathering of
devoted fiends and relatives.
assembledd to pay.teir last'res-
The ilaiti Siiii "takes this id-
eaeion to present-its dei&pest
sympathy and condolences to
the 'ereatetl fAfiily parti'bbia-
ly to Mr. Herv'6 Alfred.
Winner-t of prizes in the Rtf
fie conducted by Ligue Fermi-
riinbl d'A :tion Sdciiale .lat Suh
day were announced 1mti week.
Thb resilt. ree ais" fbllb0w:

TiatNa 07-& WLS AiirM -- *--- a Li-- AA VVDA atria
chine won by Myrtha Nelson Dejean.
of Petit-Goavb; The winners, will receive
No. 7690 Electric Cake their prizes upon presentation
Beater. Set wdn by Moni- of their tickets to the League
que Larreur; I'in the Cit6 Dumarsais EgtimA,

6063-Electric Iron won by
Jessie Salnave;

Make Your Sojourn In Haiti Un'forgrettable


(2.000 Feet Above Sea-Level)
Enjoy Its Incomparable Cuisine
Its Spacious Swimming Pool .
And Atmosphere of Comfort and Luxury
At Reasonable Rates
N Restaurant land Bar Service
Now Managed by Mr., ad Mrs tMarcel Lopps


(In 'Cool JFetion-Vilie)

aFrom's tiar standpoint, the League is herely request-

,BecauSe of-the large .number'Of
gsests- t h e .managemeniitt of ,.B,
coulou begs its Weidiesday eve-.
fling clients to reserve, their tables
a h d o-der theifr dinners, in ad'
Vance-as much as possible, if they,
de$si' to-de during the evenig
Moreover, -the Management finds
ft under the.obhligai of ficharging
a modest t ,charge of Or 110
to cover'the cost of fr'provmen'1"s '
nade 1Jweek to. t Lttious
BacoiU61 rest at rile ini
cludes imported-Steaks ,46iverve-6, "
Good-mtusk 'is!ro've f'.ior
Pe&As daliWednesday tree.

'...... .,.

DO alkinmds of French: i.b@?tjes
V OftItbitias Smartest Indin nst

Stl ketyOUr favourite 'p fmb
from our lageejtion

''#EAN PA A 1OY '
We f fek you' thee.wp brld'sfamdus
be*bnds ut wrm -Port prices


etc.. -te...


i* *,, 1 .
S' ;. ",




,Tiket No. 0475--Sd~wingr Ma.

. 3762 Doll won tv Pqtri,-L-

.I. L"[I


V O DQO ?ELECTRIC accidentaly aem
thebilfrtemnh A,

The Electric L.ight. Company ted bill with. them in o9e
Wosi fte14aa* is dieted man temd a4jakon.J In ome, Jyiown to their worniippers, an] ids ~kidcstmr avoid ~any (loss of time a
bypissoft'h cult. ~The term pat f Hi~Eti, pan'tiecularlv in' the d'utie ow~ed them, are that beginningg Thursday, Sep-foante l.
paaoiad mam~aloi as desg /h plin ofth Cle-S~ae and equally well understood. The t1er1t.iwllsatut- The~ Electric tiflitco
en~ p~4ni~a Jier rewr4 fr th ~erormme ~ing off the current at the homesaksteCoerin
press amstuivpal e-arderes> of initiation for the these duties is good health, good oft~coesw~bfstomeifs in advising the
ofdl wteneve ittoer whsebil
ploye b o-Hiinwies uhicih include the ordeal harvests, and the goowil thPant theyeverei shAd'
~hi Mi- b tat nk~s li~ni ~~iini wsnen thepuai~luentforfr August are unpaid. b u
Tebaaiswhee asin ost e- knzo In i2ea1Mi, liowevef ne -ect is corresponiding ill for- Theen inr~ mayai also""
gions of Haiti, a priest is cald te k~any6 rite, through known tue this basis of belief~ iff at~rymmn ~fr heoodse. in ier ftaein '
tue0 date specified for non-paymenit mioods f:ve o h
a -tngna priesess a mambobynmiethreqrd nor erected the ceremuonial ofwor.blt oi-etigcra
of arrears. 1iwn bfre4son
perormd, hehunsi and ad- ,;.bi p. To avoid saying h eo-dwso rnf~eso.
FOTLIGFTR aio nwte rituals' in a xecoi ireo teeonvice cables occurring i
netin hrg o 1.00 (One v 'fZm~ te eit
general w ay, hold( and wai, te Th' e foregoing article wa Doldlar) the zones of Poct-au- frfo h etao
to sal ~ie ~od bed Irni. ~ ~ Prince and! Petion-Vilie, andanbrnhwty
aii L~ ina~Ha~i~ Vlley,~ $2.00 (Two 'Dollars) in other ani~~I
th uurad ti a ivnrin bigin h posessed dnJ.~ Herskoviets (Alf red A. K'nopf, ~ ie h oa~ the kindness of the cli
ts ism s ofe em lyd No pr o fmsc jote rt al t as ) ew oi1.93 all to settle their bills.ou4 av p th
ino i~ Under th customer con- th lcal Repiresentative f
mao it oldb osiee a~ilin~h ofcain u_ opn at Petion~-VillI;C"
tract ~with the. Company all
bills are due 'and payable todsBoqes Kencoff

The customers are generally onn
advised by the employees iocjntmaet
purely~~~~~~~h~g ofigou nature.n o r-alewhliehr.pror h call~Iing at their. hom
-r niame of thie Comnpanyt
rent for non-paymet a id mealidnt0
potaceinth scuarfild is~> 'th{n'o eeisans the the- h~is metalieniicto
begu -wthot'vsitng diine mot epert dummrs arethese tmpoyees arte note au oye44s;

n1~ delivered by~i thean Co-
Coprgi Iy* l
This,~~~~>~ thn osiuea u-aira

vinig, he ries isusully n- IM laim th cutomes ae rq-e
line, ~~~~~* of thtsse.fble elcrqe
der ossssin byhisgod, bt, dto ppl at-theC611tcor'

incudd ndr hetem odn.ofth Cmpnywih4 heMO geen

other~ mehdsc sgzn fie
DaSptebe 6,4 195y8.LMA
*oa cytlo aio ae nemri umay tmytebl hc sdlvrdt

ma ls-b epoed eer~hsie ha ~*ni LE PLU BELLES~~ T AQUE'ST thmec othb mlye

nete h rcie o lc seial n ae o hs5rW ,-C
Unde th hugan nd ain magc, dr the norauie~d a- ice lpfriai .SAS
bo ae asistntscaled hnsi thoogial~ysteia t isso fte SHE~ ou pw Te Eectic LghtCompny (Z
-o .s mtm s n te cs f rp e4etdt e h 'sar L C EF R D v ivtste ut m r h m ay ,

AA ti
/ A' V



To) ensure continuity of policy in the determination of national
requirements and the formulation of development objectives and
.targets, to advise onjiscal policy and budget planning, to pro-
vide for adequate technical and economic study, for objective
appraisal and establishment of priorities of projects for agri-
culagral reorganization and improvement, encouragement of
supplementary industrial and handicraft activities, utilization
of the country's economic resources, active, development of the
credit organization, of trade, transport and communications, ame-
t-vr:tion of health conditions and advancement of fundamental
cJIL..a:i~r, in short for the promotion of the welfare of the na-
tion, khe independent advisory national resources and develop-
ment board be established with five full-term mentiers.

So the special United Nation
mission of experts called in nir
years ago by Dumarsais Estimr
envisioned t h e now realize
Technical Council of Nations
Resources and Economic Devi
lopmened- that is serving as
right'arm to President Duvalie
in his attack on Haitian under
In line with present thinking
that no chief executive. can .car
ry out his functions unless h
has a staff' that presents issue
in capsul form and cad giv
form and detail to the decision
of the executive, Haiti now ha
its equivileat to planning board
found in Puerto Rico and othe
As all proposed projects anr
considered by the Court of Ac
counts headed by Minister Wi
'thout Portfolio Jules Blanchel
. as well as the Council headed
by Mr. Antoine Leveque, the
division of work between 'the
two bodies sometimes becomes
extremely blurred aEd they
therefore work closely together.
They are busy -these days
lifting out the many proposed
plans and projects coming across
their'desk, weeding out the
real from the ficticious. With
all the talk, however, 4f private
-contracts with the government,
some mvy be surprised to know
that a contract with the govern-
ment is not required to proceed
in business here.
The new industrial law pro-
vides that a pioneer in any in-
dustry is exempt from customs
on materials for ten years and
taxation the first year, with 20%
off the next five years.
The government found it ne-
cessary to plug rip certain loop
holes when some clever enter-i
risers utilized this law to add
- only the last process such as
bringing in flat sheets of iron
and corrugating them or im-
porting the tooth paste and
putting it in tubes here. "
There is a two edged pro-
blem since one important ob-
jective of home industry- is to
make products available at a
lower price. At the same time
they must give protection to
new industries to encourage
their growth. A further compli-
cation is that mot. .of te go-,
vermnent revenue comes from

ise oustoth tariffs; also' Haiti be-
a longs to the General Agreement
i6 on Tariffs and Trade.
Ad When sifting over proposed
ial contracts there are three crite-
e- ria that the economists try to.
a follow where possible. Priority
ir is given to quick money pro-
r during enterprises, those that
will not increase the public
g debt, and an effort is made to
r- separate the financiers, archi-
e tects and builders.
j As in the case of the new
e wharf and air port, they prefer
s to have partners rather than
s just financiers involved. The
s government is therefore furnish-
r ing the land and the pier. On
tie latter it will divide the re-
e venue on the passengers, but
- not on the material. The reve-
* nue goes to the builder for the
t first 20 years on the airport,
j which was designed by U. S.
e government experts.
S Because of the lack,of Haitian
s industry 80 opnts of every dollar
* coming into the country soon
Leaves for imported articles.
Even Haitians who'have capital
- often prefer to send' it abroad.
We have a numnler of examples
of Haitians preferring to start
industries in Jamaica.

Avoiding the pit falls of be-
coming too involved in/ unrea-
lizable-ivory tower projects; or
on the'other hand getting lost 1
in operational procedures, the
Technical Council has. come up
with an interim two year plan
which will be presented within t
a month to the Parliament. t
They must have a five year p
plan ready by the next session, .

With plans for the expansion I
of agriculture, theq problem re- I
verts to cultivation of sugar and a
coffee which now just- grows. A s
federation of coffee exporters r
and growers is projected to in-
crease the area of cultivation s
as well as improve the mnthods '
used. Government participation
with a coffee bank 'figures in
the plan. b

Big money is needed for a I
.4'dro,el.ot'ic.plamn agd to.epsta..
6ish lines if the Peligre project i

is not to become a white ele-[the flour mill

phant. There is sufficient mar-
ket in Port-au-Prince and Pe-
tionrille bu-t the electric com-
pany has the contract for this
outlet. There is also the pro-
blem of silting and reforesta-
Regional development of
trade, education and agriculture
in lin North is a vast under-
taking. Tlis ,will include 'de-
velopment of cottage industries
suc!h as weaving baskets a-nd
ln-.kiug chlies- and butter all
with the cooperation of USOM.
The Haitian government and
Point IV have a dairy coopera-
tive project in Cayes. They will
construct a butter and cheese
making plant so as to use the
milk of thousands of cows which
currently has to be sold locally
at very cheap rates because of
the lack of good transportation.
Appropriations haave already
been granted and the order for
equipment. placed abroad.

There will be a government
organization to buy fishing tac-
kle, hooks, nets, motors, boats
and other equipmeint to sell
cheaply to the fishermen on a
cooperative credit basis. They
are presently paying .as high hs
twenty times the necessary price
for some of thrse items. This
will at the same time involve
the necessity to make supplies
easily available throughout the
backeounmtry and teaqh the use
of the ,equipment, as well as
how to build better boats. Mar-
tin Routh, a UN expert 'in fis-
heries showed a group of fisher-
menhow it was possible to earn
$25 in three days instead of 6
gourdes 'with improved eqump-
ment and training, the same
amount of work. The office of
fisheries in the Department of
Agriculture will be reactivated,
to do this job. Up to now they
have been conducting explora-
tions of fishing grounds, re-
search, and fish founding as in
the Artibonite.
There is a rtral project to
teach cultivation, spread educa-
ion and medical care; and ex-
iand, the social life of the peo-
ile. Here the Bien Etre (Wel-
fare) can play an active role.
rhe desire is to add to the po-
iceman a n d tix-collector of
these more than 500 rural posts
a doctor, nurse and' teacher,
itreughtening the lines with the
rest of the country. With a com-
nunity center in each one for,
school and recreation the cost
vould be $30,000 Voila the big
The project of making silo
:ext out of saw dust and sisal
vaste from Pine Forest has al-
ready been contracted with the
F'rench.industrialist Gorse. The
>lanM for-making pressed build.
ng material will be located near

All thds in the general sche-
me to produce industries that
Will displace imports and solve
the balance of payment pro-
blem is obviously no mean task.
With the hard goal of making
the common good prevail over
individual interest, one member
of the boards tells of the Pre-



This is The Finest and Fastest Service


PdtionrVille: -Mrs. Paul '
-Corvington .,:

At Port-au-Prince: --Joe Gaetjens Rue Pavee '-'
-Albert Reiher Bois Verna 'i
Excelsior Sacr&-Coeur
-Louis Garoute Ave. Christophe'

At St-Marc: -Nettoyage i see Ave. Mag. AMb.;

S (Under American Management)
5 Minutes to Downtown Port-au-Prince







; '

S Celebration
0 Scotch



W AM OmMr *

(DAY, SEPTEMBER 14th. 19


sident's role in keeping them.'
together as a team, guiding.
them and in turn taking thei4"
advice ang defending it. Says1
this earnest economist: Yo11,
would live and die for a man'
like th-at'.
(The Iaiiti Sun will follow
With interest the progress
*t'pe Technical Council). ,



I i" 1. N -:',,` _!. 1_ .: ", .. ,- .: I I I I I 1. 1. I 1- ,; .. -- -', :
I, I I I :1, : I I I I 1 ....
.i .- I I I I : t I I ......
I i j I 0 i ... I I : ":
,,X.... '. ., ,: I I I I 1 I I I I 11 I I I I e ., :. -
I I I I I .1 I : :..
I I .
I .. I I I : I I.. ..
/ I I I I I I I 1. I I I I I I 11 1 1. 1
11 ...'''. ., I 'FAGE 11 : %
r,11111,, A 'Y, SEPTEMBER 14th. 1958 :.; I ,, EAM SUN V.. 1. I I I :.. ''.. I
, ,. .. k ,,- :1 I., I 11 I I- ,_ I ., ,. 1 I 4 =: ,, .."
, I I I ,,, i
-:'_ :1 .. I 11. I ,- -7-7- 7 _, .1 ,. I ..I' 't-- '
i '' : I I ., I I I I 1- 1 I .-, A.. 7. ',!fj .,
occupa, pn' .r,",W. 0 ., I t613,11- 11111
deatsl. A fiv'e-dollar bill each' of, led '-'up to -the ti -,'of "* cotll& W h,., .,6. "'... 6 '' ': :,
,v 11 Wff't-'COLLECT HAITI? ,. % ` I I I I., ,
" JU L .. I I ., _, .
g,, M,ariin'466 in .'' ,' 9 If It ..
.1 I 'r.. -- .1 1. I. -.1 I : I .recefit yeaTs would. coverH giti's H aiti by j4i P, :S. I., ., -,;1 ,. VNI t Ow ,Y:.
, ". 1. : ., t j .e in' %-
.; I I I : 1, __ i.;, L I' q` 4- ;:
7., P-M, P ,:s liaii -. 16i
3) 14 'ijis* '14- b ted 1 1. ''th .. .,
(04 U 0 agIR .,:, :' t Y, ,., 7 _! PIrm -postal output- 1915 an 9,'ccupation at 'h -, 'i h
-, f cn Aq c
_., ; 'to' e'r yo; .-' -1
ki : Ll A, 'r ,. ._- annual I I r. 1, 1,
19a ; I I 81'', ,- ,_ ". ., .. i ," .1 ,;
, : .1 11 y' TtL6 qrjo,4. ,: `Not6 ued un 19 .4. But ex,ou4li- t :: ta M4,6"inib 'few" 8.f
.&. tin til
11.., _T_, ,, ... :. nother pleasure' in c0lect- I I I
44, #,., & ". I 1: A I I I -
on ,a
4+ I I I .. -, ; ,%, 1. 1. .
Y Ww"k I PX4, el'u- T%, 4" i 'M& "' i I I e that iiich' d --
any w ,iz so zea ous _ieav '4
of th ?oamon stamps arf- T ing,11aid has. come to me as an', of history. ; will, i 0 N, I ,you'ca
1, ,_ j- I 11, I 1. .. ;., I ":
A*' S C" 'I, I I I rv6t&
", I g the interests of their : I 4 1 1 "I', .
I I i
A; __ I .. din I .. 9.11 1 ,-
%.?-'-. ,gu I I bne cted dividend --m- H iii !,easaut alizin' beUL ow. ;e.:
.W vd. U, ,, heap they assault _. 11 I 1. 1. I., oA m 1 Y07 _,%, .1 a- av a-r I a investigation to y 'K spem 1H I ,, ,.,.
I I I C a ,. I ;.- _IvIlL-
even I I all I i ., i 1:..
.1 clients t at, ,the t i a .H ere. ,
_. .. I !- I y won .1 Wr your cql-lec" .. .aiti is: :, 6nttstamjess v P .
,ihe'0ye, and ou a aaciudting hist-ory!," As .1. .. -, ; ,
cry. t their fa I I lids ,, ., 6 y o,,"::"
I I I.. I .,;,%':,
h ,.,, .. I tell Me I 1;1 4 "I
A Y_ .. '. -, li* m any stamps wem I d -1: : b 8:, 1".eftr.;
I '". 1; ,, I died thescenes 6T people c-,, under W-!Y.. .. I I;
e, not O eu a novice, could ... I of" stu I I I ckjic th, rqA'1100'i,`-
11 -'- I I -- .1 A sheet of, some th H i -I ,,- _'.
ijjjiqA e the d EF 4i's stamps my du-- ,., if you,, are' -the; co, 1 114 i d t 118'611t' I"
in. The ,counterfcjLq 1,rY ," ;- '..,'I- .,, e a'- ,a' -4 WhG tihue- up .Lo .1 on I., -. er an cog I I
, .1 .. I I I th ey .,p rin i p cte I I ., I I I 11 1. I r ': .., .. _. I I % :; I ,. `:, ,.' ,; 11 ,' ` ,A'
" i, "I ,tian iss;us ; I cleeked k interested i tell in the ,. I trri ory '!- .. I 'd
k4 fejiTst perforatcd issue are in, VijrgiP' 't e t'st
I I I r rialisity was aroused. '. -, ".. I ... I s p
1, I I I I I 4 .. I amp p0ar ., :1
I .
r' '' 11 q, 1 1930's- 'M ore recent issues haVe 1, -, ''I -, -: ;" _", I I
I I 1C d -';
,,-4arer i6 n, the, genuine sfampO ". Oil this, and b lfttj_ for o1a,6ciingj,;aga H 1. 11 t at read a ., in aiti is te'J, _O ..find th ''; I -:- %,
,: F ., .1 .. I I 1 11 I ;Y, .,, ,,, ,,,,,,!E; n .' ',q ,.,,t",,,,,,,,
., I ,
P- ". c '
I I. .1 .,
1, .1 1 1 1.11 I& _
-, b th k of'W ate:rlow 'and, A ; I I F ,
,, eenz e WOr eKe Comm en P .4'. ti I ItW C ; ", .,t
re postal :. _h 7'.91nd, there an, 'h" famorus4 .i --1
Y? bdau. th I d, -ft;,ul ., 1 died. 'The ov .. Ift I
ely soon S, 8
I I I .11 I r, ." ,, _'. -ty" 1.
,,, ., ... ... I- I. I %Sonsof:LDdi,o, ourvoisier i 1, W., _', _i 1.,-1,
I 'C uz _
teTf I m ade to, 'def I d' .- ,- 1. I myeH !so e'mgrossed 'in : fol.'be i a tiail-bla 4 are ?Ilani- I as;- 41, Lecierc-,
I 1 r ., 1. I .., .., ._ 4 11
it _1 I 4. ), '. .. I I I I
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_; I 6(f Sv z i I himis 4 ; f 11 U., th,:`1 fold ,So 'fitt I ,-"
reve- ,,,, vel hi .1 I b koc, Jamb Or' ,O
16 *617ilmni ,. -,ci ,own a qPt IL
I opjiig istory:o. ai.J., PiP 1 .. I I -; ,- "'
6 .__, I L ; I I .1 I. I 1, 1 I '. .1 I r ., ..
I -
119 1 1 ` __ 4 J f intei.-illationa; r eput e iu the, _f.1q1. lv.11 `9 Theii You C)a tA" -
",. nlue an no ,, I I -thing 11 coulld'fiiia.. th '; stal history'o a1ti. -7L,.so 6 PlAting. ., c-
If t to mralot colIectors. -. .. I Y %'', f- ,read'. every I I P pq %,. I n1z 1,
I -.;:, ", I i, .,I, ,. I I. 1.., 1 printing o posta ta F / I ", I ,% .-i
I 11 ,You',i too, wi 11 'en much", riem'ai : 1 1 -4ih
, r z ( 11 I i e, ,,,
.ar by: I .. I I I ins to. I ele '1-
xiiiieh. s6ught'afte ge 8 'P. I ll'he 'a maz6& wh b i W ". ffie, recon6tiuefjoqq,q.:
I I ... i ., ,
, ; i e ?. !. ... ',;, !_,
, I .: -, ; I I -, I-
I 1 ,
.- ", t t postal 'P'OU664 I I '.'_,,, f 'It., /I I
1 ,Cts,,of',W ,6f the- ir .. I '-,, 1 4'
1 ; her the pi6seii I W cL-. If you e -,a ta- 4 .. :".. ,.
''at s iialiks, I 4 into. 'Hitl s turbuiep"t d 6po li ;:": : ,
11 parftcu ." YO k, !%. ., .1 "", I -1 I : "I I 1. ,- ., "..,
-1 ., _.- -, j 1. iti i cA ecfor his ky:
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,,,,,I- .", 1,. 1, 4, Haa de: th&, : PTPV ., ., I A '. -, .. w ... j %... I 1_
w, copie --,7, and com- ., b you learn about. entJI,.,qri% i6eeaich: or:, repo', qDon Issue I
wi, I I -11 U) 1 .1 -1 rtih, I I,,- no s e. J ,I. 0] I I 'id. Sue I _,- ,,.
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t; ed..'O' th I assur ou .1 ,.
j,1T p '6m piices." Aer eis ,. 1% the first' all-viggro repix :, '. ,, ., 11
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w a .

ILnULAtLi Li. -- jL uULC iiIauvC ue ailU aciniu
The Band, Mr James wrote, i tribunal pour
cL12 is w st trainin 1'r en tribunal pour
American movie is working' straight thru the'Min lors election, papa, cr
i- .. .- n+ l__ 'CTnamin

F a rnornnunnrTthea world wtnrn his Ig-u AL Ca I v -,- 't' r-0 ii7Qi- rn pocvers- i vn oit ra venne iaroemenT t bnurt

. n ted at

1j1 La- J-
- October 5th. On (
7 they beg.n a midh

tern tour,
S stand at
to the I
week stan

ending w
the aB1
Then the
FliAmingo '
rind startir

koon thes

Octoberr 1
est and F
ith a 5-
ue Note'
y hop t
for a ti
g Decen
T h ,nr I1

Smarch6 libre, li oblige baille pour 1
e bananes? monopole pois rouge, mais
on Joseph fine livrer oun marmite poise
th6tonn6 ou& apres quelque temps qui

? Defense 'exportati.o
3 pour oun gourde c

as- Toute r6colte jois Grand'Anse ac Tiburon trouv6 Tan ha
diy grand negre l'Artibonite. Flibustier a baile 600 dollars
, n de droit et gentiment 1' ;ecevoi outtn licence exportation
ack acs fil6 Nassau. Qa, c6 ti fleur! Sources chatdes la Cal
.Vee c region qui pourri ac manger min 1' tellement encais
ber c6 V'or Grand Rivi®onflM. que yo cab filM oun pipiri


Choal po

r carrier vivres ac denr6es.
) m' nour. racnonter ndvsspe nr

*clare in his letter aniiu ii I pas coul6 riv

AIt i Jnfnrmatifn in 'liti 11 have to do sometUhng abOUl I ...n.r ro..o ("hc,a,,,, .A-A fot- ,-A pnm omnroa -

I other details

rou free of c,

- Port-au.

i-rrince .

If and.the. children
)n Haiti, one of

wo priva
ily they

e detec
ad comp
of Mia;

ve in the recent
olt- attempt and hi
ir report to ca secrn

fn VTifaiI

.qK connin a
EVOLT moyens
ives said bouquete
eted their esp&ce cL
i-ans in- Paul Va
Haitian France o
ad mate conscient
!t client., oun mora

trance Ea
ilture' ven
L6ry ac B
un en Hai
;I lan bouc]

:berpill I'.
MRANDE MUETTE c&" pas 1'arm6er
qui pas gain' voix au chapitre. D6pu
rance people la, qui vwve ac li qui t'a]
r, mauve coups eh b.en! yo coll6 Ot
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In a moving religious cere Miss Grace Christodoulou,
4.iony at 1he chapei of Saint of the United States arrived last
ose de Lima, Monday mor- week for her coming wedding
ing, Miss Nicolas, Bazin, to Pierre Phelps. The young
daughter of ex-Senator and couple will be married on Sep-
IMs. Louis Bazin took the veil. member 27th. at St. Peter's Ca-
'She is now a member of the thedral 'in Petion-Ville. The
congregation of the Sisters of bride-elect is the daughter of
.Haitians girls at the scholastic Mr. and Mrs. Basil Christodou-
turned out generations of young lou, the groom-elect the s6n of
establishment at Lalue. Mr. and Mrs. Henry Phelps of
SThe ceremony was presided Petion-ville.
Jbver by Monseigneur Remy Mr and Mrs Gerad 'Maison-
iAugustin. Auxiliary to the Arch neuve became the parents of
YSt. Joseph de Ciuny %ho have a new baby daughter on Sep-
t p rtaPrince ember 10th, at Cliique Ma-
bisop o Port-au-Prince. ternity Castera. Marie Chantal,
*'Tht young nun was conse- ., ,
SThe young nun was conse- and he: maman' the former Vi
crated under the name of aSis
Iratednder i thename of theSiese viane Giraud are reported in
r ter Colette of the Preenta- excellent from.
.j'tion., S-Age Nouveau. made its bow
r| to the public and salute to the
.Mrs Claude Robinson return press, on August 23rd., as a 1)6-
.- Mrs Claude Robinson return .
S, litical and soeio-culitu'ral week-
i.'?`'ed to Kingston, Jamaica, travel
thing KLM, on Tuesday qfter- y
The newspaper which is well-
-':inoon, after spending two weeks is
her4 with her husband, the presented carried portraits -of
wel. journalist-writer .Jean-Jacques Dessalines (1804.
^well -Known. joumalist-wnter ^ ^^
a 1806 1, Lysius F. Salomon (1880-
from British Guiana. 18881, Dumarsals Estim6 (1946-
0 "- 50) and Franqois Duvalier 1957
it Haiti's rulers which they), cap-
SEvelyn Weed and Joyce tioned: "Defenders of the real
country of nhe back country,
arolin two charming Chica- country of the back oury,
gans the Delta Airlines fa they assure.the living continui-
.oas of te Delta Airline Va*Tc
ly enjoyed their week at the Vty of a more thav secular expe-
lRancho. They flew home -rience.
I this week-end -after declaring
at Haiti was the uHighlight Front page articles were fia-
: 'of the Caribbean. They were turod under the pens of Joseph
i,.piloted a:ound town by Canape V. Pierre.Lbuis, Max A. Antoine
KVert's Wally and Dave, the Charles Antoine, Roger. St. Vi'c-
SIutiman Flite and Gerry Ho- tor and H6bert Piquion, with

ikarth. cOnmbres et Reflets -by Magloire
...-' The cAge Nouveau. is edited
Miss Evelyn Richard return by a Committee including Mr.
-ed this week from\studies at Joseph V. Pierre-Louis, and Mr
',"the Rivier College in Boston. Max Antoine.' Mr. Denis Jean-
SShe specialized in Secretarial lacques is Manager., English and Stenography. Mr. Joseph V.- Pierre-Louis
.' appointed Director of the
o' o 'Census Bureau thie week
S' did post graduate studies at the
I Mr and Mrs Keith Angel of Census Bureau in Washington,.
oint .IV were among the D. C. He is a founder of the
3'ests at Bacoulou's show and Age Nouveau'.
ce Wednesday night Mrs Another member of the staff
..gel was observing her birth- of the new weekly, M.r. 1Max
inay. Antoine, was appointed Direc-
-- tor of the Bureau of Labor, this
H.' week. He. studied Labor and
SMr. t r a'n k Ollweiler and Legislative problems in 19fi50, in.
tharinng wife Louise arrived France and' Switzerland.
*-rom Trenton, N. J. Frank is Ptetty mid-week visitor to
lith Socohy Mobil Oil Compa- 'Port-au-Prince for first time.--
i' Inc, in Caendmn, N' J. and Senorita Maria Del Carmen
tiLouise is a writer for uTrenton Fla'chsland Dillon of Buenos

imnesi Newspaper. kires, Argentina. After a t*o-
They went to Cap-Haitian lay stay here at the Castelhaiti
Tuesday, September 9 and vi- ihe flew on to Miami and New
Mted La CitadeHe, returning York. Senorita Dillon has en-
-ednesday an d attended the 'eirta-ined most of the Haitian.
Jjhowat Bacoulou. diplomats accredited to iheir
Ri.Beautious Najelah Hakime, homelandd during 'the past five
daughter M. Emile Hakime was 'ears.
5e happy winner of the Conr
ilext 'for a Miss Bacoulou this Mr. Jean A. Magloire, Secre-
*'WVeek. tary of Labor and Social Wel-
V- /Lavely Addie Maruska from fea, teiumned Friday from a
.Vaehington D. C, is in town. thoat trip to Kingston, Jamaica
-i~e is with, Lowes. Columbia where he accompanied his son,
a-herter. Shp is here for a month Jean, Junior who entered col-
lat the Olotffop.' ege there.-


Mais Gate...
(continued on page 1)

have been converging on the
office force all week.
On Friday, Mr Albert de
Roose, Expert on Wharf Opera
tions, arrived from Auburn,
New York, to direct the work
of improvements on the Wharf
at Port-au-Prince. The Interna
rional Housing Development
Corporation is also under con-
tract to carry out the improve
ments ir terms of the report of
the experts from the U. S.
Maritime Division and the ICA
who visited the country recent-

Mr. Lawrence Carol is Presi
dent of the Corporation, with
Mr Stanley Stevens, Vice-Presi
dent and Mr Thomas Duff, Pu
blic Relaions Officer. Mr Ren6
Lilavois, a young- Haitian, is
the Company Administrator.
The foreign executives of the
internationall Housing Corpora-
tion are staying at Hotel Mira-
bout, in Petion-Ville.

370 Furloughed
(continued" on -page 1)

Three hundred and seventy
(370) Haitian employees have
now been furloughed. The fur-
'oughing of the Haitian employ
ees started last week, and pro-
grams are being maintained in
skeleton form.

Program funds are exhausted
because the Haitian' Govern-
ment has not yet been able to
-nake its required contribution,
Mr Yoe explained. The quota-
part due is $84.000.00 in ar-
rears, and on September 15th
the amount due by Haiti will
be increased an additionrial $
42,000,00, making a total of
The Health, and Agriculture
Education Programs known he-
re since the Point IV technical
assistance program opened du-
ring the Trunma administra-
tion under the initials SCISP,
SCIPA (later changed to SAC
T) ans SCHAER, respectfully.
During the fiscal year of
1957-58 the United States put
one and e half million dollars
($1,500.000.00) into technical
-issistance @nd two millions ($2.
'0,0,000,00) in economic aid to

The 1958-59 technical assist
tance figure is expected to be
Lhe same, but direct economic,
aid has riot yet been determi-
Haiti's 1957-58 contribu-
tions to these' technical 'assis-
tance programs amounted to
q half million dollars ($500,
000.00), besides furnishing. cer-
tain facilities and technical
help to the program.


-Population Of Certain Districts
Faced With Starvation

Communique From The Archbishopry
On Occasion Of Cyclone dELLA>
Cyclone cEllan has caused great damage in certain parishes
-of the Archidiocese; among them: Cotes-de-Fer, Bainet, Delatte,
Gressier, Kenscoff, Bellefontaine, La Vall6e.
The population entirely is dying of hunger; churches, chapels,
parsonages are in need of repairs. Chrisrian charity commands,
us to fly to the aid of the unfortunate victims of the cyclone
as in 1954, after the famous -Hasel which left us such unhappy
This is why Sunday September 28th or Sunday October 12th
in all the parishes of the Archidioce and chapels having chap-
lains, a collection shall be made on behalf of these parishes
suffering disaster. The amount collected shall 'be sent to the
office of the Secretary at the Archbishopry for a proportional
distribution according to the ravages caused and the various
needs of the victims.
S Furthermore, charitable persons and institutions desirous of
aiding the victims should not forget the existence of the CA-
THOLIC AID at he Archbisoshopry to which they may -bring
their contributions in cash or in other forms every day from.
8:00 A. M. to Noon.
Things are hard, I know, but we must sacrifice to help those
more unfortunate than ourselves. Anid besides, the Good Lord
shall not be surpassed in generosity: awho gives to the poor
lends to God.n

Auxiliary Archbishop of Port-au-Prince

Affair Of Bribery
(Continued from page 1)
the Senate a: rumor 4iich, ac-
cording to' him, should be ra-.
ther a .:ase for the bailiff.
Constant affirms that in the
public, here is a questions of
a $400.000 bribery paid to con
gressmen at the' time of the vote
for the fisheries contract, and
'that the atelediol, has placed
his name on the list of the
Furthermoree,' one of his
friends confided in him that it
was his Colleague, Senator
Hugues Bourjolly who asked
the ntelediolists to aentraver
(implicate) him, Nevers, in the
deal. '-
Senator _Bourjoblly protested,
declaring, himself innocent, and
solicited from the. Senator of

4 i.

the West all information on
this -quidam. (individual), so
that he could demand an ac-
counting,- for this mischief, be-
-fore a court of justice., .-
SAs does Constant? we .think V-
that. -an affair of this. allure
'should have ,beep liquidated
behind the doors of [a. closed
'session, although we are parti-
sans of that democratic. prac-
tice of letting tlhe public' in on
:every affair; for we- can affirm
that our friends Victor Nevers
Constant: 'and Hugues 'Bourjolly
are honest citizens who have
nothing to hide.
Attention, ,. gentlemen, there
are people who have an inter-
rest in making enemy brothers
of both of you.
(Translated from uLe Ma-
tin,,, edition of September ,12,

Creole Buffet and Dancing ,

Friday Poolside Barbecue Dinner

and dancing.,

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