Haiti sun

Material Information

Haiti sun
Place of Publication:
Port-au-Prince, Haiti
R. Cheney, Jr.
Creation Date:
October 29, 1950
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 46-47 cm.


newspaper ( marcgt )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
Haiti -- Port-au-Prince


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began Sept. 1950.
General Note:
"The Haitian English language newspaper."

Record Information

Source Institution:
Duke University Libraries
Holding Location:
Duke University Libraries
Rights Management:
The University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries respect the intellectual property rights of others and do not claim any copyright interest in this item. This item may be protected by copyright but is made available here under a claim of fair use (17 U.S.C. §107) for non-profit research and educational purposes. Users of this work have responsibility for determining copyright status prior to reusing, publishing or reproducing this item for purposes other than what is allowed by fair use or other copyright exemptions. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder. The Smathers Libraries would like to learn more about this item and invite individuals or organizations to contact Digital Services ( with any additional information they can provide.
Resource Identifier:
32441147 ( OCLC )
sn 95058138 ( LCCN )
Newspaper 2117 ( lcc )

Full Text


t -~


- ND IT CAME TO PASS in those days,
that there went out a decree from
Caesar Augustus, that an the world
should be taxed.
e-5 l(And this taxing was first made
when Cyreahmiu was governor of Syria.)
And all went to be taxed, every one into his
own city.
. And Joseph also went up from Calilee, out aOf
the city. of Nasmareth, into Judaea, unto the city of
David, which, is called Bethlehem; (because he was
of the house and lineage of David:)
To be taxed with Mary his espoused wife, being
great with child
And oitwas, Hat, winle thy were there, the
days were accomplished that she should be delivered.
And she brought forth her first-born son; and
wrapped him in swaddling clothe, and laid him in
,a manmgerbecaum their was no room for them in

* And there were in the same country s-phes
abidinin. the field, keeping watch over their flock
by night.
And, lo, the angel of the Lord came upon them,
and the glory of the Lord shmone round about them:
and they were sore afraid.
And the angel saMid unto than, Fear not: for,
behold, I bduing you good tidings of great joy, which
shall be to all people.
For unto you is bom this day, in the city of
David a Saviour, which is Christ the Lord.
And this shall be a sign. unto you; Ye shall find
the babe wrapped in swaddling others, lying in a
manger. /
And suddenly there -n was with the angel a multi-
tude of the heavenly hst,aising Godnd say-
ing, Glory to God in the tand earth p ,
ood wm toward-mwML

And It came to pass, as the anges we g
away from them into heaven, the shepherds a
one to another, Let us now go even unto th
and see this thing which'Is com to psso, wi.
the Lord bath made known unto us. :
And they came with haste, and found Maay, a-
Joseph,. and the babe lying in a meager.
And when they had seen it, they made knuo
abroad the saying which was told them ommM
ng this h -d.
And all they that heard it wondered at'
things which woen told them by the sphqerds. ^
But Mary kept all these things, andpl
them in her hert. L:
And the shephesretuned, glorifying and, p
ing God for an the things that they had: bmeu-
mm, as It wm toi unto them.


* '. .. -'".. .,.

.,: .: CI
. .' ::. s






S Special Xmas Dinner

P Tuesday Evening Dec 24 th

from 7 O'clock

I GcktaUils, Red & White
I Wines included

S Cover Charge $7.50 per Person
SMake your Reservations Early

S1100 feet altltlde
Most thrilling view., oer-
Iqoking the hay, the ci-
Sty, the plain., the
mzountahis0. .
Partially alr-condflioned
Swimming pool
Do luxe room all with
private bath & telephone
BoxI11031, Port-eu-Prnir,

Sflow-Siop in Jaiti

|at E Price!
..b. dy but nobody In the Caribbean
C, can undersell Haiti today...
olag known for its charm, iuts scenic beauty, iu incomparable climate,
I;, throbbing drum beats...Haiti now offers visitors, as a result of
.. legislation, an additional treasury of joy in its magnificent array
Tourist shops, laden with goods froni thdie four corners of the earth
tiall at prices only a fraction of what travelers pay' at
tis from France. England. Italy. Denmark, Germany. Austria, Swit-
.land, klolland, Spain, Meyico,.. .plus an incomparable collection
,Haitiin Handicraft.. .mahogany, sisal, turtle shell, precious metals,
Otery and ceramics, embroidery, woodcarvings and primitive art...
*| French Pirfumes Danish Silver
; Swiss Watches French Uqueurs
German Cameras Spanish Mantilla's
Swedish Crystal Danish Porcelain
French Crystal Haitian Rugs*
British Cashmeres Haitian Rum
a; French Gloves Haitian Jewelry
French Beaded Bags 0 Haitian Fabrics
I English Bone China 0 Haitian Mahogany

"Paga,. Ro' eltar of the Caribbean ki
liq.'U Governmemt Tourist Bureau
**rRockefeller Plaza, New York City

IH .Sun. SUNDA9 DtEC.22.1957


cHAITI-SUN. Page 3

sunday 22nd. Dec. 1957


Bmas Revels oi Am

'\ I^^^^^^ ^^^^^^^^^^^-""

:-u ctChristmas! Christmas we
L"cowne from the sky
I: Bringing thee thy heart's

LAetire L
E For the Good Lord


delightful, so fresh, so limpid.
Calm blue skies, that only rare
clouds spotted from afar to break
the monotony. Skies with stars
without number, diamonds on
obscure depths. Moonlight nights
often as bright as the day. Vir-
gin hedges of generous ,Fleurs
de Noel,hedges of human cha-
racters, sometimes red, someti-
mes yellow, sparkling Cinnns.

M rvs. Fortuna
;uery, n oated
educator and
vriter who re-
:alls for our
readers the at-
ncsphere of
2hristmas o f

*r.y ca.z.x.. ... ... ...- -
: It was so firmly believed in
he- olden days. Everyone. from dor of thle danii. the 'gobbling
bthe beginning of December. felt of the turkeys which mingled
selfl, wonderfully. sprouting with the trimphiant crowing of
ings. Those wings which car- the cocks, the trumpeting of the
ed him to lile encounter ol a ducks, thie smothIered clucking
ew life, better than the divine of the hliens, well-fed, fattened
breath of an idea. or" a belief. iowl, deltine-d for certain death
a hop( ol the imghl nii the eve ot the
b!~g day.
SWintel il thile Carribean. 0o In the -trecs. the typical shop
es vellovw. sparkling Canna. ware.. tihe lotteries attracting
hrysanthemums and Dahhlia3 lithe students and children in
|"From the barn yard could be house service out on various er-
eltard in the incomparab!e-' cin i rands a table covered with a

*- *-.: *" ...

either Day
red cover exhibits for infantine
coveting dolls, puppets, fol-
lies, races, checkers, dominoes,
lotos, monkeys, bears, household,
tea and coffee sets, silverware
sets... Tickets costing 10 c. only
but which give a chance to win
one of these marvels if .yourl
name is drawn.
You take one, then two, then
five, but; the indiscernable pri-
zes at first view, orange, Bengal
matches, confetti, firecrackers
are those that seem to come out.
It all has to be recommended, la-
ter or tomorrow; Luck is a ca-
pricious thing, alas!

It was in this season that the
apples were imported, the shop
windows groaned under their
weight, this was part of the
Christmas scenery. They went
in company with the balloons,
balloon with. whistle, singing
over four notes. Dialogues were
engaged between the groups us-

ti Joseph report

The Pres'denut's keen interest in Touristic Development for Haiti was demonstrated
recently when the received a group of U.S. tourist agents ignited to Haiti KLM at the
N.otional Pal.:.e. Granting the visitors a special audience in the -Salon Jaune,, the
president roused great enthusiasm when lie stated that hlie would work to make Tnu-
'ismin Haiti's No. 1 industry.
prcsidcnt Francois Duvalier. shown greeting Mr. Edward Murphy, U. S. General Ma-
nager of the KLM Airlines, u'ith Mr. Jean Alagloire, Minister of Tourism, Mr. Licien
Dalumec. Privatelc Secretary of the President. c'nd jimrnalist Aubelin Jolicoeur, Press

-ic ,, -music. ,or.iuiLs.I1 ve un ii, 111 sltation naudio-nalu is bringing
ing these balloons, much more pleasure to thousands of fans here...
solid that the soap bubbles, they BABY OSWALD lVJWE walked off with the seventh prize (an
burst with the loud noise of a award of Madame Estime) in UNESCO's Contest last Sunday. The 15.
firecracker, sometimes causing months-old charmer is the son of Mrs. Gisele Row of 2nd Impasso'
bitter deception. Lavaud
I GERARD RESIL who starred in the local performance of aCyrano
From the first of December, de Bergerac. is said to have decided to become a Cadet in the Hai-
children untirngly exerted them iian Army... --.
selves with certain activities. In MAIR. RAYMOND MOISE, Introducer of Ambassadors at the Foreign
order to offer the babe infor the chumange Office, on behalf of the Haitian Government, -Knighteds the Argenti.
chtableauxs for they sowed seeds ofmangei na Charge d'Affaires. Thursday, during a ceremony at the Chancery
acorn in boxes, their sowe stems reach when he presented him the Diploma and Insignia of the National
corn in boxes, their stems reach Order of Honour and Merit...
ing to 10.centimeters by the mid odro ooradMrt
ing to 10centimeters by the mid MR. PHILIPPE CANTAVE, Haiti's Cultural Attache and Counsellor-
die of the month, and the box MiniMLster to Mexico arrived here from his post last week...
then represented a portion of a -
most touching green lawn. They tCAPTAIN RICHARD G. HELLAS, Director of the Inter-American
also made lanterns or cardboard. Geodetic Service in Haiti was seen at his desk this week after an ab-
cutting out silhouettes of ob- sence of three months...
jects such as scissors, spoons, TOURISM MINISTER JEAN MAGLOIRE flew to the U.S. last Sun-
flowers, boats, stars, circles, half day on a brief official mission. On the eve of his departure, the Se-
moons and traditional inscrip- cretary of State and Mrs. Magloire grouped the high personnel of the
tions : JOYEUX NOEL! VIVE Natiopal Office of Tourism at the aNivarna. Restaurant, and together
NOEL!* (Merry Christmas! Hoo they feted the TENTH ANNIVERSARY of the creation of the Tou-
ray for Christmas!). Ornament- rist Office : Other guests attending were Mr. Lamartiniere Honorat.
ing the cardboard objects with Myr. and Mrs. Auguste Magloire, Jr., Mr. and Mrs. Kurt Fisher, Mr
bright-colored tissue paper, they Jules Blanchet, and Mr and Tourism Director and Mrs. Robert
adjusted the six sides of the Theard...
cardboard, and mounted them DISCRETION. WISDOM AND PATRIOTISM is the new motto sug-
on the bottom destined to carry gested for all anxious to see the country prosper suggested by a local
. a minuscule oil-lamp. The effect daily this week, commenting that many visiting businessmen are pre-
was that of pieces of window, sently sounding-out potentials in Port-au-Prince.....
glass The kids proudly carried THEODORE BAKER, editor of 'La Ruche., is reported to be pre-
them suspended at the end of paring a Souvenir Edition of the publication which has been inactive
a stick, walking out their aut- for years. The special number is expected to appear on newsstands on
hors were seated solemnly in January 7, 1958, with Theo and several of his collaborators on the old
the family circle in a rocking sheet Lucien Daumec, Laurore St. Juste and Jacques Alexis comme-
chair or in a chair of their size. morating the 12th Anniversary of the 1946 Revolution...
On Christmas Eve night rows of MARGRETH CAMERON, wife of the American Engineer. Walt Scandles illuminated the porches Don Cameron. will leave Haiti on or about January 15th to join her
and banisters all evening. i husband in Monrovia. Liberia. Walt who left Port-au-Prince on No-
I The fronts of the stores flouri I
h o t o u vember 25th is under contract with Brown & Blaulvelt, the company

snen wihn mangers. toys ao ali
kinds, boxes of crystalied fruits.
almonds, sweets, chocolates, nou
i gats and all kinds of goodies.
The dressmakers and modis-

(Continued on Page 12)

that i[ll construct Monrovia's new Water Plant......
CHAMBER OF COLMMIERCE members elected a new Executive Com-
mittee during their last meeting which is composed of Messieurs
SLouis Decatrel. President. Raymond Roy, 1st Vice-President, Carl Bon-
del. 2nd Vice.President. Claude Paquin, Secretary and Jules Taylor,

- ~Page 3.

Page 3


JOURNALIST AUBELIN JOLICOEUR-was being congratulated by
his -confreres, this week after his name turned up on the list of the
personalities decorated by the Dominican Government recently during
a Goodwill Mission to the neighboring republic. Aubelin was given
the rank of Knight, the highest grade in the Dominican National Or-
der aJUAN DUARTE'. Mr. Jolicocur was a member of the Haitian de-
legation that accompanied General Kebreau, Army Chief of Staff, to
Ciudad Trujillo ifron Nov. 25th to the 30th...
LIGUE FEMININE D'ACTION SOCIAL is meeting Friday afternoon
in the clubrooms in the Cite Dumarsais Estime (Exposition) for a fi-
nal brushing-up of their plans for taking holiday cheer and comfort
to the inmates of the various institutions for the needy. Miss Lydia
Jeanty, President of the League, will head a delegation of the mem-
bers to Pont Beudet to take turkey dinners to the mental patients
aCOUMBITE. made itsbow to the reading public this past week
with a dashing burnt-orange banner designed by Cidor and
artist Daniel Lafontant, illustrating the various phases of
national life, each personnage at work in his respective trade. The
new journal was hailed and fittingly welcomed by its confreres of the
'Fourth Estate, with the public enthusiastic over its literary and artis-
tic' stamina and writers of great talent. Ceumbite, slashed out at the
desertion of Haiti's Jamous pointers from the homeland, notably Max
Pinchinat who is in Europe, and Roland Dorcely and wife Nicole in
the U.S., and Luce Turnier Carpi and her husband for Canada. The
new confrere a bi-monthly, is edited by SNAD and is run by four dy-
namic youngsters: Michel Philippe Lerebours, Gerard Resil, Michel
C. Hector and Frank Nau......
HAITI JOURNAL'S new set-up includes noted journalist Maurice
Laraque, and equally well-known newsman Edouard Charles...
PAINTER ANTONIO JOSEPH's exceptional talent has won him a
scholarship from the Guggenheim Foundation Galeries...
HERBY WIDMAIER'S Sunday morning program of excellent. Ame-
rPICn rnul,-. hrniAnd n,-4 ,,.- L h:.. A,.A'.. D a4in:.U ii -_i-T:1yr : '-:-

4Page 4


Voodou Clrilismas

Odcle blenncsson.Rigaud

Photo from
Odette Mennesson-Rigaud

aIndped, this people may not always have a profound know
ledge of its gestures and of'its prayers, but in this, it resem
bles all peoples. The Christian dogma of trans-substantiation
should not be taxed with esoteries, under the pretext that
the man in the street ignores this word 'and has only a dim
understanding of the things.
(Dieu d'Eau -God of' Water) Marcel Griaule.
i The very ancient cult of Mithra, offspring of Mitra, divini-
ty of India of the Vedas (name or form of the Sun) adopted
by the Greeks of Asia extending from Asia Minor to Greece
then over all the Empire of the Roman world, to the shores
of the Rhine and the Danube and to the depths of Britain.
The cult of Mitra, identified with that of the Sun, was reln-
ted to that of Agni, god of Fire. This identity was kept, the
birth of Mithra was celebrated December 25th, solstice of
Winter. The representation of the great symbol is almost al-
ways identical: it is the sacrifice of the bull between the
Altar of Fire and the Spring of Sacred Water.

Tn l.lmnno and in nthper nlirn. -" ofItal i,. ^- ... .. .

tries the ancient ceremony of
[he Sun has little by little, been
replaced by rites having, princi-
pally, purification as its purpo-
se The Fire may be interpreted
in two ways: the creative po-
wer Fire and the destructive and
purific Fire. The culte of Mith
ra rise from the first preferen-
ce then little by little, the sen-
se was 'changed (all in keeping
the date of the solstice) so as to
preserve only the purifying cha
racter of Fire. In foggy and cold
-countries it seemed necessary
-to increase the calorific power
of the faltering Sun. In Egypt,
in Africa, in HAITI, tropical
-countries, the' cult of the Sun
'has been kept in all its essence.
If, in Haiti, the Voodou Christ-
mas Ceremony has also little by
little been turned by the culte
towards a more material, more
utilitarian purpose, a purpose of
protection, it is because the Ne
gro, although spiritualists, thinks
that the Sun' attributes a grea-
ter power to the magic powders
that have so far been made: pow
ders and compositions (Kimanga)

IThe article .Voodou Christmasm,
was written, upon request, exclu-
s.vely for the 'Haiti Sun', by Mrs
Odette Mennesson Rigaud, reco-
gnired authority on the Voodou"
Cult. Sihe is French, uanid the wife
of the Haitian author Milo Rigaud.
Odette Mennessor. Rigaud has
"studied tht folklore and Voodou
in Haiti over the past fifteen years,
ai:l has contributed g r e a t 1 y ,
through her wirritings, to a better
unileristanding and appreciation of
the subject.
She owns perhaps the largest col
election of photographs taken dur-
ing the ceremonials of the Voodou
ade pts, having personalib made
thousands of unusual scenes of
of their dances ands customs. It is
to her that visiting ethnologists
vid anthropologists turn for pic.
tures from her treasured collec-
Mrs. Rignud lias collaborated
with various Anthropological ma-
ga:-.ines among which are: vPrimiti-
ve Man,, a publication of the Ca-
tLholic University of America; 0M6.
moires de I'lnstitut Francais d'A-
frique Noire-, published by IFAN;
'Bulletins. of the Bureau of Eth-
nology of Haiti. "Conjonctionn,
Haiti; 'Zaire-, a Congo Revue,
Bulletin of the French Institute of

"i~i~L~u LujJ iCL-L ytear ats cer- ,.. ,
ein up) e l year ascer. Presence Africaine,, edited in Pa-
tain countries do for the Yule
logs serving to purify the.per ._. .
sons and the houses, serving all
the ,quangas* of protection, ser simple in certain families where.
ving for the ,guardian>> of the hil it is conducted by the (,Servant
dren, as well as for those of all of the aSpirits', while there where
the other categories, the Fire becomes the principal ele
It is also on the date of the ment it attains all its mystic full
solstice of Winter that it is the ness. In certain o.Houmfors the
tradition of remounting the pro ritual requires the sacrifice of
tective guards in a special ce several beasts, the preparation
remony. of the powder and bath taking
the place of the Fire, in impor-
IN RAMlI tance, which from the log be.
comes a simple braisier.
Christmas it celebrated, with There is no syncretism wha-
few exceptions, in all the Houni tever in the choice of the date.
fors, of Haiti. Following the tra The enlightened Voodouists, and
dition of each Society, or of each naturally the family, it is celebrated different know that the 24th of December
tly and more or less with gran marks the solstice of winter. In
deur. They prepare, principally, the countries where Voodou is
the ritual powder and bath which'i only to'erated it is not at all sur
will serve during the coming prisin" that an atavistic crafti-
year. magic help for keeping ness causes the adepts to pre-
away the evil air,. the mala- tend to ofeler Noel. (celebra-
dies or the spells csentp, and fi- te Christmas) in the Roman
nally protection for children Christian sense .. more or less
from the floups-garous) (were- in appearance. And since Voo-
wolves), dou recognizes and reverences I
The ceremony may be very (Continued on page 5)

Sunday 22nd. Dec..Iggl
I f/(ittttll'lffl >lfll~llff I ff~l"flt~lflll~ll ~ f lf|ifllfi~t i(((flff tlf f fl, ll,| f (II|) ', ( :



Bamboche Room
Starring Haitian Songstress


very NighLe except Monday

I- 0.

a ctAue-caor/i"
*C ompefe/y lv Al;conOMIN7ed
* raYo/os Cuishe

X*fZ/7won&/ )QtMo01Ae2e
X epawajzl ccrpn/ao

*l &teltcaoreIqIf/)t
*4kAty/ Ct~i&wE(9f GfMoCoW~l



"d ,Mm w B F br TI OLu4,
* o L I" O aui. a W &iM s 1. ..*

You know

it's a really fine
Sctcr"] whe-n fit'



* a i?* ** S

I BLBrnI S9.- "1 o qiing stronrL,

to the ,,HAITI SUN,
.............. ...... Sim plh y Clip H ere .....................
and fill out Blank
Please eend on the c: HAITI SUN, for one \ear to
N A M E ..........................................
A D D R E SS ..........................................
CITY.................. STATE .................
C O L'U N T RY .........................................
I enclose ..........................................
(lf 'vour si lcril)tion is in IHaiti. send S5.00
If in the dllai area $10 includingg or.'1c)
If it ik outside the dollar area send no,.tag' stamps
of %our country to the vaalue

S, i2...' 22i..
S~llitl~i p *C"(-.

1.3 -7

\ W4TSL uPage 5


(Continued from page 4)
the -Bon Die iGood Lord) as ved 6y the Society, its African
the ,Grand Maitre (All Migh- origin or the region of Haiti to
ty), and all the Saints in his sui which it is attached.
te-' the esoterics of which are
identical to those of its ,Loas' BATHS
(Spirits- its artifice appears
only as a venial sin. But the The baths of Christmas are
ceremonies unfold under a ri- frottes:. (anointed) on the Rada
tual uniquely ot African orign, points, by preference, while the
creolized more or less according powder will be .:pilee (pounded)
to the place, and too often tend- on the Congo and Petro points.
ing, unfortunately, to debase it- The leaves the bark and the
self. The old cult of Mithra pee with which they will serve eit-
severes in spite of the appe.- At times it is on the eve of the
ances. feast that the Society members go
It is the ,Petre* which, more together to a chosen spot myste-
generally, preside over the rious place, a spring inhabited by
Christmas ceremonies, the Ra- the Spirits. During a -ceremony
das, Nagos, Dahomes, Congos,' vhich'will laIst all night, to the
Anmines, etc. being associated sound of the songs and the drums,
with them. The latter Loas canT'f the Hlounsis. possessed going
on the contrary, predominate, into the bushes and the woods,
according to the rituals obser- turning, i- their white robes, in


quest o0 tie necessary flowers
which they bring back by armsful.
The water of certain springs is
also utilized, most often salphurit
water. The ritual must be scrupu-
lously respected to obtain that
which is indispensable to the pre-
paration of the %ath, or of the
puo'der, aid ,which comiauncA.CtZ-
to them the magic power. Certain
barks are at times searched fr 1
far into the mountains.
Christmas, on certain Petro ri-
tuals may call for the sacrifice of
a pig. bit of the blood of the
animals killed is mixed with the
said powder -de Noel. (of Christ-
mas) or with the ,Kimanga' (ma-
gic composition using white raw
rum and various ingredients as a
basis). In other Temples a red

' plumaged roq is sacrificed, in the
mortar. Moistened with alcohol,

-.,3nd. pounded, lthe residue v.i01
be mL-xe: \it. the pn vder.
S T %- e v, e.. ,, tifl. ltadilio 1i l
ceremony has nothing of tht
Sdre;idLilb which caused a Marcus
B::chi to Fl.ncih. Invited to the home
of t'ie wel!-known -Houngan. -
Ti cous',n -. he relates tlinr he
withdrewew before the end of the
ceremony so great was his trou-
bled sensations putting i t
:nild:y --ol what he had just
rituessc.. In reading this passage
from a noted anthropologist, only
P. slight hilarity can come ovdr
you. Among the most beautiful
ereimnonies are particularly those
Nvhich arc held in the regio:i of
Leogane, where the huge logs are
From nigtfall the drums call
the Servants, the members off
'the family, all the opititt caille,
(others belonging to the house.
hold), for all are duty-bound to hli
present at the ceremony of Christ.

mas. They gather in one
of the rooms of the Temple
which is' used as the Peristyle
(in this region). Soon a dense
crowd has invaded the room,
the songs begin according to the
ritual, each Spirit being greeted
according to its hierarchic turn;
to the center a very large bayev'
(large round wooden receptacle)
is played. It is consecrated by
the c.Houngano and all the famir-.
ly, then covered again with a
,ed scarf upon which two sabres
arc inter-crossed. Around it
kneel or squat all the Servants
dressed in white and wearing
their large collars. Prayers beg.
in, extremely long ones, address
ted to each Mystery alter God,
first in French then, very much
more complete in sacred Voo-
dou ctongues. The psalmodic
responses, modulated to the Afri
can, follow each other during an
hour or more...



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io -.',--.

|Page 6 ,HA II-SUN,, Sunday

SHandicrafts Earn $3-Million In Yearly Revenue
them with the most original dis.

With keen initiative and sleeves rolled up David and Wally Talamas
answer the call of tourism, their sister Alice seconds them.

IT is estimated that Handicraft "ANSWERED A NEED

Industries in Haiti put three mil-
lion dollars into circulation every
year. More than all they are a
constant reminder at home and
abroad of the high standard of
Haitian Art which today is the
envy of the Caribbean.
High on the list of Ha.tian Han-
dicrafts arc Mahogany carvings.
And outstanding in this field is
Canape Vert, founded by two bro
others David and Wally Tala-
When the two young men,
fresh from school in the United
States, opened their Tourist Shop
four years ago, they decided that
the highly competitive business
needed stimulation.
! David and Wally Talamas with
their father Nicolas Talamas, as
the silent backer, instead of wait-
ing for tourists to discover them
went on the town and discovered
the tourists.


They studied, the tourists to
such a degree that of the 365 days
of the year they were sighted 366
nights in succession on the night-
club circuit mingling the vi-
sitors, conducting their own Gsl-
lup poll.


As a result they discovered that
the majority of tourists were in
search of a suitable souvenir that
was both .representative of Haiti
and practical. The tourists showed

The Talamas brothers lost no
time in ferreting out a wood car-
ver, a sculptor by the name of
Roger Simeon and set him up in
a litfia lnrl.-shnn at tho renr of

a *1 Ll b Wt. IT -!MU rdL L-l^- il t! L ear-* V U L/
the store carving heads, masques
and a variety of statuettes.


But tragedy struck the store.
Mourning draperies appeared .
over the workshop when their
head carver lost his life in an
automobile accident only three
blocks from the store on the
Grand'Rue (cHaiti Sun 'May
1955). Roger Simeon's young ne.
phews Luc, 10, Ricot, 12: Carlo
10 who were working as sand-
paper boys in the store after
school were then encouraged by
the Talamas's to try their hand
at the wood carving. -
Today, the three yotmung Simeon
boys are among the best produ-
cers of 16 carvers who work for
-the Canape Vert and are erthu-
siastic about the work they do
each day after school at tEcole
The products of the revival of
this forgotten art are displayed
to advantage in permanent exhi-
bition at the Hotel Beau Rivage.
Casino International, Riviera
Hotel, Radio Haiti and even a
number of well-known United
States restaurants and night-
Carrying the original Canape
Vert trade mark after only three
years in business, their carvings

surprising interest in the few have been shipped from the Bal.
available Haitian carved stqtuet- tic to the Pacific. to countrne,
les. The tourism bought the maho- too numerous to list here
vanY ware such as salad bowls, AWAIT WINTER SEASON
hut what i; is h'ckin :% .1 14 When lie toWU'-istSl t'omCe wdri'-
varied collection l1 \\'M'oldein i- ing in this \winter season they
.ttvopologienil -nrcuwn will find Canape- Vert a\ a;iin

play of wood carvings. But the
boys, David who attended the
Universities of Richmond, Va.
and Miami Fla. studied psycho
logy and business and Wally, a
graduate of the Washington
School of Art and Hargrave Mi-
litary Academy, Virginia, say
that whatever may have been
said about free-spending tourists,
experience has proved that they
want value for their money. And
that they will not buy an unu-
sual voodoo design until its my-
thological significance if any
- IQ frillv ovnlainnd

A symphony of carvers at work on original desnns in Canape Vert's
-ateliers. I

ing through the night has been

WORTHWHILE SOUVENIRS called one of the natural charms
of Haiti. The tourist especially
The brothers also believe that if he is musically inclined will
tourists besides returning t o purchase one of these large
their homes carrying memories "etambourss even at the expense
of a wonderful time must carry of paying overweight to the air-
back an interesting and worth- lines or shipping" it by clipper
while cobjet dart> which will cargo.
not end up in the basement or The Talamas brothers feel it
attic as so many souvenirs do. is their carved highly polished
The carved death masques which Haitian oak drums that have
the Canape Vert has in dozens helped build their store's reputa-
of original designs is now in vo- tion abroad. A Hougan (voodoo
gue in salons and dening-rooms priest) whose family has been
throughout the world as a chic making drums for generations
wall ornament. supplies the Canape Vert with
MAGIC DRUMS the artistically carved tambours
The pulsating rhythm of the'which receive ritual blessing be-
Haitian drum continuously echo- fore they go on sale a't the st.ore.

They are the same drums that
would hold honored places in
any houmfort. (voodoo temple).

eWe are not night hawks, all-
though we are out every night
in- the weeks, the brothers told
the eSunb in an interview this
week, ewe feel that Tourism Is
still' in its infancy and has to
be cradled along and we since-
rely 'believe that our job does
not finish at five when the
other stores close. Our only ul.
terior motive is that we steer
the tourist we can in the direc-
tion of our Grand'Rue stores,
and that, added the brothers, cis
only naturals.

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for full in'orrmalion see your :roveil agen


".aday Dec. 22nd. 1957

Where the heavens

Are Nearer

(From Our Own Correspondant)
CALCUTA, (India)


the high Fotu-la. And then there
bursts into view the Indus, look-
ing like a minor stream in its
deep, narrow, rocky bed turbul-,
ent, yellowish-'green. Ladakh is the
only part of India still watered by
this greet river which gave the
subcontinent its name. From here
it flows, in defiance .of all seem-
ing probabilities, north-west into
Pakistan, on its way to the Arab-
ian Sea.

Leh itself, -11,500 feet above sea
level, is situated on a small oval
plateau, ringed in by hills a pic-
turesque huddle of flat roofs over
grey-white houses, made of sun-
burnt bricks. Its -main street and
shopping centre is a single broad
highway, about 200 yards in length,
with small open booths on either
side, a market square at one end
with a flag mast and a narrow
gateway at the other. The rest are

PDa 7

narrow winding lanes lined with a
double row of blank walls, small
barred windows pteeping out like
eyes, crude heavy unpolished wood-
en doors, with attractive handles
wrought in brass, always barred.
Three thousand souls live here.
Yet the streets and lanes of Leh
are astonishingly clean; no do-mes-
tic refuse even At the doorsteps-
perhaps because there is no muni-
S (Continued on page 12)

.1 learnt about the functions of First, we fly over and across .
my body-, the young scholar in- the Indus valley. To the right, holy LHAVTIANT AM ERICAN SUGAR COM I
formed me with a broad smile Amiarnath passes by. To, the left, U AR C M
and obvious excitement. FIe was beyond, in the distance, rears the S '
returning from school, his, satchel 'majestic height of Nanga Parbat, S. A
bursting with books, his cheeks a now in Pakistan, Below, the fa- A
deep brick red, his meagre stature mous Zoji-la slowly slips past, a Authorized Capital $ 2,000,000
robed in an ankle-length brown corridor in sheer ice the wings -
woollen gooncha caught at the of the plane almost scrape the E
waist by an orange scarf; hfs hair.. steep slopes. To the left, again, E( Port-au-Prince, Haiti
close-cropped, his feet bare.
this was in Leh, capital of. A -
Ladakh, waV up in the further rea- Doctor and Mrs. A. V. Care -, West Indies
ches of Jammu ,and Kashmir, on and Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Gamier
the southern edge of the Pamirs this past week announced the corn. -
-the roof of the world. Ladakh is ing marriage of their children Anto.. Planters and Manufacturers
India's northernmostt territory; nine and Andre. The young couple P ntr nu t rer
stretching right into what is usually will exchange vows at the EgliseE
termed Inner or Central Asia. The Metropolitan on Saturday, January S( US INE HASCOd
capital, 252 miles from Srinagar, llth at 6:30 P.M. .JL J2 AO
sis connected to Kashmir by the old '
caravan route, historic and roman- x x X REFINED SUGAR HASCO CRYSTAl
tic. By air. however, the journey R
lakes just under an hour and a Mrs. and Mrs. Jean Huc, are the SEMI -REFINED SUGAR -POPULATT
quarter over what looks like a proud parents of their first child, S MI EFINED SUGAR POPULAI
petrified ocean of' soaring snow- a bouncing 8-4 pond boy who
peaks, breath-taking, divinely beau- appeared on the scene last week SUGAR... an ENERGY BUILDE
tilul- as if all the gods were out at Cinioue Dr. Poux. Christened SU A ... n E R
encamping, their white tents gleam -Reginald,- the tiny heavy-weight (
ing in the liquid sushine. brings the Alberie Bcrthomieux up

2:'- ?+ '' :"o"" &" ..5 A.;+J^'T^ ^ ^ 1^a:'. + ^,-" "" A +*'.^ ^ A..'" -*=-Y4+ '''*ij-!" ''.,

0 RONDO Washing Machines





Trading Co



K g


Pae8C7I U~SnayDc 2d

Community Weekly Published Sunday Morning

O,0ne of the last things the United Nations General As-
sembly did before adjourning on Saturday was to pass a
resolution to establish a fund of $100,000,000 to "provide
systematic and sustained assistance in fields essential to
the integrated technical, economic, social development
of the less-developed countries.D Behind this relatively
small sum and these relatively dull words may be depict-
ed, first, a change in the attitude of the United States
Government and, second, a good deal of hope for effecti-
ve U. N. action in the beneficiary countries.
For eight years there has been floating around the Unit-
ed Nations an idea usually contained in the cryptic ex-
pression SUNFED,, standing for a Special United Na-
tions Fund for Economic Development. The United
States has opposed this plan until the present year. See-
mingly, our Government didn't wish to put out very much
money unless it could be indelibly stamped "Made in the
U. S. A., This year we changed our minds a little bit. We
were already contributing about $15,000,000 a year, a
small sum, to what 'is called the Expanded Program of
Technical Assistance. This year we offered to double our
contribution, and Saturday's resolution merely added an-
other $15,000,000 with the expressed hope that contribu-
tions from other countries wduld bring dithe total to $1000,
000.000. This resolution passed unanimously.
If we compare even $30,000,000 a year with the many
billions that we have put into foreign aid it seems like a
dime handed out to buy a hungry man a cup of coffee.
We have, however, accepted a new. principle, which was
warmly backed by one of our delegates, Representative
Walter H. Judd, a Minnesota Republican, who acted as
our spokesman.
What is actually new in this plan, which the Secretary
General yesterday referred to as "a major achievement,"
is that the United States has At last consented to go into
the field of capital development through the agency of
the United Nations. If we can put in $30,000,000 next year
the time may come when we may put .in.a great deal more,
diverted, perhaps, from the purely bilateral assistance on
which we have heretofore largely concentrated. If we
believe in the United Nations at all, this is a wholesome
Editorial of Tuesday Dec 17
iT -

jfaiia rin i ravri
Editor Here...
Wednesday afternoon by thi
Flight ,978 of the KLM arrived
lovely Miss Shirley ING Trave'
Editor of the Dallas Times Herald
This attractive young girl who
does an outstanding job for the
Herald is very popular with the
travel people. She has been re-
commended here to the Delta Of-
fice and the El Rancho's Owner,
N. Albert Silvera and Pierre Chau-
vet of Agence Citadelle by the
charming admirer of Haiti, Miss
Frances Niles, Sales Representati-
ve of the Delta in Dallas. Greeted
by Mr. Ernst Beaulils of Delta,
and Journaliste A u b e I i n Joh
she lodged at El Rancho. She is
at her first trip to this area from
which she wants to see enough to
sell it. Young and beautiful, Miss
ing, and his wife to brush up on
Niles reported, and will certainly
enjoy the Haitian Joie ie vi-re.
She has been in Havani to at-
tend the opening nf the Riviera




For Advertisments


Plans For

Theatre de

r U
W : Folkluori0 ji

*.. ^ S rehearse'
e for the ..
Tourist :

i rtor and s
S lists are w o
;-' Ing dut pl'
Ior is t o embed i
and modern
the Theatre4i
Verdure 'w i
Ac visitors m
: enjoy lolnltie
dance aspect
clues suchbe
x,..these pictmij

----.----. ,,
,. ,:,? Here of. esm
.ber of the'%
tianal F

#erforxners willihave dre
rooms and other fadlities, w
spectators will find greater'
i fort and have clearer %lia
stag:, during shows.

Work is being rushed with-,u
gineers,.- Architects. musiczpv
stage setters and choreograPh'
bent on being ready on time.

.. .. .... .. 's. 7



MUMn::nr ..h.n UM n.n e .. .

i Winter time is Summertime in Haiti. And all t
Year round it's time for a Yacation in the Sun in ait
UThere is no month of the year that .there is not an opp.-
ltunitv for enjoying the beauty of this exotic land andiS
charming people whose spontaneous gaiety is so-e
Expressed in their dances.
SOn the opposite page, JEAN" LEON DESTINE, fr
Imous Haitian interpreter of Folklore Dancing portlay'
Sthe "Spirit of Haiti",, in moods of leaping abandon to
Sthe pulse-quickening throb of the Drum, which is thl
Music and language of Haiti, or in the paen of savaWO
fjoy as the Slave bursts his Chains.
n Folklore Dances are a weekly feature of Haiti's Out
door Theatre the Theatre de Verdure in Port-fa'
Prince as' well as part of the nightly entertainment.
"provided by many of the luxurious hotels whici 1W0
Sthe Vacationer in Haiti even' modern comfort and 0'
:sines to thrill the gourmet.
SHaiti's countryside too, is rich in history as befibs
Sthe Second Republic of'the Western Hemisphere to0v
Sits Independence.


Page 8

Sunday Dec. 22nd. 1e


H S Sun. SUNDAY DEWt.i957

a .9yXao.s..

rr'wows, 4mdYear*

Contimenlal Cuisine
Sw;i> Chef
Open Daily
oroma Salvalor, Manger

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1ai Sl oSun SUNDA9 IJEC.22.i957

In Ithe protected waters of Haitis enchanting bay.
S At less expense than staying in a hotel

Only 21/2 hours from Miami by Pan American

Hundreds of miles of calm cruising along It's shores with strange
und historical splendor in every mile.- Far off the beaten tourist
path, with modern hotel comforts always with you.

-ormer airline captain, offers a 98 ft. diesel Yacht for charter
by day, week or month. Rates as low as $25 par person par day.
', meals Includedl 3 double and 2 single Staterooms plus crew
quarters. Yacht complete and comfortable equipped for tropical
P 0o m p eteI fog ot l n
arullng. For complete Infortilon, or reservations contact your
yaht broker or-- "



A Parisian, charged with
horse-stealing, -explained: "I
did it so-I could climb up on
the horse. I'm suffering from
asthma and need altitude to
A Mansfield, Ohio. muan,
under whose coat police found
two fat hens, said in -his own
defense: "I was walking down
the street and they followed
In court for robbing a bank
of $300, a Madison, Wis., man

, explained that he did it to
show his probation officer he
was making.a living..

SAn Indianapolis man.7kht
in a barber shop at midnight,
told police: "I just wanted to
be first in line for a haircut in
the morning."

The owner of a television
set in Britain, charged with
not taking out a license (as'
required in most European
countries), told, a judge: "I
'thought it was like a dog'-)t
had to bp sixl months oli be-
fore you got a Ulicense.-'

In San Francisco, a burglar
suspect, who was asked why
he was carrying a hammer,
pliers and a spring-blade
knife under his coat at night,
said: "I needed the* tools be-
cause the heel on my shoe
kept working loose."
A Londoner. arrested for
being drunk, told police: "'I
was merely working overtime.
My job is tasting beer and
A after putting a worthless
'17 check in a church collect
tion plate, two Grand Rapids,
Mich., men declared: "We
thought we ought /to give

- The largest oceanfront hotel in Port-au-Prince,
now enlarged and modernized under new owner-
ship. New air conditioned Bamboche Room
cocktail lounge. Swimming pool, excellent cuisine,
American Plan. Write for descriptive folder.

......................... .....................................
General Manager


one name stands out


* 0 a






We sincerely hope that you will have a nice time in Port-au-Prince and we are looking forward to being
of service to you in our store and factory, where we can offer you an immense array of figurines,

bowls, trays,

carvings and sculptures.

David and Wally


a a

~ 0@







1 0




Sunday Dec. 22nd. 1957




COPPER may prove Haiti's se- square miles there are three mines:.1 ND]
cond string to her mineral bow Casseus, Brpsilliac, and Meme
now that bauxite mining is already where an estimated tonnage of 3
under way. miUion tons of 2.5% copper can be
Extracted' There are also about
The existence of copper in Hal. 4 million tons of lower grad e-ore. Constrlalions, Contract
ti has been known for nearly a At a ccst oi $1,500,000 the com-
hundred years In tact sincL 1860 'pjany carried nut the following Address:
spniincdric efforts at exploitation work. [
have been made. But these only 1. Aerial photography of the( P
scrav.hcd toe surface andi i'; as concession; _|.._
not u:tiL 1955 that %itn if.-dc-rn 2) Magnometer survey; '. tr............ ...........
tlLhnrr:; es and cnoagh -.rpittil 3) Geological mapping; .
- a really serious cffoi-r .'.'as 4) Diamond drill exploration: I-
niade. 5i Underground exploration; :R:' For Pttlic arl
6) Geochemical contour maps ;,
The most promising depn-.'s arc 7) Several miles of road con-
located in the North Eas, prr. rf struction. H
the island in the area knowi .es I Over twentyfive houses wete reri
Terre necivc. Past opinion had been built for the accommodation of the a- b e -1
that these were not commercially employees a Mess hall, kitchen,
exploitable. Two years ago, how- clinic, machineshop, stores, office, : Builde
ever, a concession for the exploita- were all constructed. Diesel elec- .
tion of the mines in Terre neuve trick plants were put in to provide U a Gr
was gr.ned for a period of twenty adequate lighting facilities. : Phone: 3955. P. 0..
five .\ears to Sedren.. S.A., a wholly Cables: TECOMEI
owned subsidiary of Consolidated; More Than 100 Workers'
Halliwell Ltd.. bf Canada. .... :..
In an area of some one hundred From 1955 to 1956 more than a

iri s specially Canadian. have located Beach Comber
i'on, copper, manganese. lead, zinc I
is and even gold in Haiti. But this is Mr. and Mirs. William McCornty
the firs; time that a mining opera- will fly to Toronto, Canada soon
S-0 tion of the type now existing at to establish their residence. The
E o o f j I 7 Terre neuve has been set up in Mc Corney's said they feel really
SHaiti. sad to leave Haiti.
thousand people were at one time By introducing competent and X x x
o., another in regular employment experienced Canadian mining prin- The Jule. Gornail go to New
Since the:i, due to the completion ciples, Consolidated Hailliwell Ltd. York this week where he expects
of a.l surface work at Meme, the is doing something for Haiti which to complete his studies inAceount-'
worl;ing force has been consider- will reveal i~s value more and ing, and his wife .brush up on her
ably :-educed. more as the years roll on. her English. -
At the present moment, 95% of President of Consolidated Hlallti- --- -_____
the employees are Haitian. The well Ltd., is William Plexman, NOTICE IPORTANT
few foreigners working at the Well known Canadian mining en- NOTICE- r inORTANT
mines are specialists, gineer and prospector. Sedren, SA. For all information concerning.
Despite the present low price of has as President Fortune. L. Bogat, the purchase of tle book entitled
copper, the company envisages the Haitian businessman and distribu- ,COMPILATIONS FOR HISTORYs
possibility, of putting up, in the tor for General Motors, who has 'The Six Provisional Govern-
near future, Concentrating Plant over 57 years of business cxpexien- menls from December 6, 1956 to .
at Meme, and making arrangements ce. General Manager of the mines, October 22, 1957..
for the exportation of the concen- is ,Virgil Fran, of the United Sla, Apply to Mr-. Clement Celestin,
treated mineral, tes and his Office Administrator Port-au-Prince, Haiti Boiq Ver-
and Accountant is a Canadian, 1. na No. 43 or -La Maison du Li-
The company also intends to H. Reyfields. vre., at Rue Bonne Foi, No. 20.
continue with the prospection of For persons already registered,
the whole concession when the Naturally, the future of Sedren .the two volumes will be sent them
Meme works are finished and to is closely linked with the prospect directly.
make possible the exportation of of copper on the world market.
the concentrated mineral by the Recently, with the Sputnik bother
erection of suitable plant. and the all out efforts of the Unit- EAU DE'
In the past, prospeeoiuu by geo-e cd States to catch up with Russia COLOGNE
logists from various countries, es- the price firmd a little.

s, Immigration vis.'s, L' rAo tions, utc.
Rue Dantms Destouchc'-
P. 0. Box 354
hones: 2.345, 3591

Private Construction Work

I sec

Construction Co. S A.

rs of the Military City)
BOX 284





^Sl Gmra az&w
*VERY LOW DiUTy Rue Bonne Foi.-Phone:2390 -.-
;, ./, .'





Sna De._d. 95______Page 9
* peiall Caadia. h'e lcate Bech C mbe



Page 10. uHMTI-SUNu Sui iday Dec. 22nd. 1957

OTTAWA, Sept. 18-West Indies
officials have indicated that tech-
nical assistance of various kinds
from Canada would be welcomed
by the prospective new Common-
wealth Federation.
Two officials form the West In-
dies met Tuesday with Canadian
% government officials for what the
External Affairs Department des-
cribed as *discussions of a preli-
minary nature. on economic mat-
ters of common interest.
Afterwards one Canadian official
said the West Indians mentioned
the possibility of seeking techni-
cal assistance from Canada for the
Caribbean Federation, which is to
be consolidated next year.
The West Indies also likely wo-
uld seek to send persons to Cana-
da for training in various fields of
comnmerce and industry.
The West Indies officials at the
discussions are Sir Stephen Luke,
Comptroller for Development Wel-
fare in the Caribbean Islands ter-
ritory, and John Mordecai, Federal
Secretary for Jamaica.


An area in southeastern Venezuela ng exploitation of great quantities
along the Orinoco River, is under- of natural resources. Surveys have
going rapid industrialization, ac- established the existence'of vast
cording to the Pan American reserves of natural gas, manganese,
Union. bauxite and coal, iron ore and
The region was virtually unin- water, power.
habited territory about a decade I
ago. Today a vast army of cons- A major project is the con-
lU.ip'inn :nn-rq nd llurlrs is struction olf a 38 .000.000 ste etpl,

working in shifts around the clock
transforming the once-black re-
gion into South America's -Little

Industrialization received its im-
pulse from the discovery and grow-

plant at Puerto Ordaz. This plant,
covering 11,250 acres at the junc-
tion of the Orinoca and the Caroni
rivers, will have an initial capaci-
ty of 700,000 tons of steel a year
when completed in 1959. Eventual-
ly, the plant's output will exceed
1,200,000 tons annually.

Iron ore to make steel is avail-
able in almost unlimited quantities.
Numerous coal mines arc in opera-
,ion. A hydroelectric installation
has a potential of 4,000,000 kilo-

------------- ________ ____

Soccer Honor For Srffl, d j
Son of-Schweitzer P
Hospital Head __"- --
Hartford, Conn., Nov. 26- Ian A.
G. .Rawson, a Trinity College
Freshman, son of Dr. and Mrs. W.
L. Mellon, of the Hospital Albert
Schweitzer. Haiti, was awarded ,.
Freshman Soccer Numerals last
night (Nov. 251 at hc annual Fall g h I l.|
Sports Banquet.
A total of 47 varsity letters and'
40 freshman numerals were award-
ed to Trinity football and soccer ihe ki&s of
athletes. Guest speaker was J. 0.
Chrisian, athletic director at the iL, LnO.r
University of Connecticut. rie hfops
The combined totals of the four
Bantam fall teams reads 11 wins, "wi *
10 losses and 2 ties. Coach Dan
Jessee's V'arsity gridders edged -
arch-rival Wesleyan 20-19 in the
season's finale, to gain a 1-5 mark, J
while Roy Dath's varsity soccer .
crew emerged with 5 victories, 2
.defeats, and I tie.
Freshman fooballers. coached by ?-
Chet McPhee, compiled a 0-3-1
record, losing a 21-19 squeaker toi
Wesleyan in their final game. The
frosh soccer squad achieved the
most success With a responding
5-0 season; Coach Robert Shults' ,
boys pounded Nichols J. C., Wes- .....
leyan JV's. Springfield, Amherst, /
and Wesleyan Frosh A




i --mm m= .,. ""-oo.J.. ipCO
-^^' ^^Si-i- ^gy ^^w- ..j^S 'v I .'
- --To S RTAG-


ae CtS IF av range too k

supl thi yes. o yues uu pet
cagtshort u,- .. at:r,,,gatio. or fm=---" gp:rrher i e ilu=,-,
PA e YO rau h Wat a pond fo t r o e is to put it .wher

Of w ater that falls hereab ou Clea r o wat erD
That's where yoUtl, realheYw ter. Clear T rato r .
Bulldoze in terracest tockponds, dmdit
'stealing brush and scrub .hen you ow a Cat Diesel Trac

^ ~ ~i a d^ o n a r at o .....o^ -
and storage-. our spar time when aroUnd. In dry fall, yo1
You cn do ll th sti orsaYe busy all year arud1 packed grOWl~j
tor- f-lere's the tractor that stays i a on the hax d
can plow or subsoil where wheel r bogr n hWe e Invi te you t
y You'll Plow where srefusel you- p g ads
the feed lots, i d roads 'Where wheel tractors ontoatWe o r store. el
see thetractorthat works best in every season a
deehetract monstration" t call us right now?

arranlge f6r h at
W h ile y o u 'r e th i nkin g a b o u t It, w I n .

S For free literature, "Power Farming," tel
..- ". ".. Diesel Tractors fit your program, send ua c,


ling how Cat I
oupon. I

I farn.-.-- acres, with a-res of crop land and
---acres to clear.
S I want a demonastrauon-no obligation.
0 Check here if you are a student.
I .
S C -Sate________
tfo City- B~ ~~-
A_ _ __ -


S^EICA ou1in.iPCO
i PLACE GEon I iB.D .,
L 1. PLACE GEIrR.-lk) IP '

Haitian Tractor Equipment Co. S. A.

Maurice Bonnefil, Manager Chancerelles



Page 10.



inday Dec. 22nd. 1957


( r

\ ,

Sfmday Dec. 22nd. 195'

(Continued f
The Servants now turn about-
the ebaye* while the men, red
handkerchiefs about their necks
and waists, prepare themselves
10 anoint the bath',,. The pac-
kets of fragrant leafy palms
are brought in procession by the
Servants, turning, backing up to
each, demi-possessed. Placed on
the ground the twgs are rapidly
separated from the leaves. The
latter are vigorously rubbed
in the cbayeD with the aid of ri-
tual water brought from the
IHoufrort in heavy jars. The Ser
rants turn about and about, pres
sing one behind the other all
around the bath. A magic round
made alternatively in one sense
and then the other. All the Ra-
da spirits are greeted: Legba,
Loco, Damballah, Agoue, Erzu-
lie, Ogou, etc. each by three
songs. Several persons become
.possessed,. The Spirit or Loa,
then approaches the -bayes, bring-
ing its magic affluence to the bath
being prepared.
Tile bath is terminated, the

I HA1TI-SUNn Page 11

X1.I AS .tar shudders; the Spirit requires
..--- .... a more rapid cadence. Faster
rom page 4) the drums beat, faster the pes-
the room to the other, turning ties fall... The zSimbis. are
in place, the cbaye.' carried by stretched out against the pedes-
hand. Whistles blow, switches tal. The rCitass dance...
strike outside, .Foulah. (action The powder is gathered up and
of fiercely vaporizing a liquid placed in a ccoui gourdee) and
with the mouth) follows uncea- entered into the cDjevau,, of the
singly from the Hounran; the lJoumfor. Certain of those who
drums thunder louder and loud- were possessed* by the Spirits
er bringing the excitement to a stretch out on the ground. Im-
pitch. The new tLoas or Spi- mobile, unconscious, they are in
rits file towards the abaye>. At a state of cadaveristic rigidity.
last the baye* is.carried through Rapidly a band of cloth is tied in a
the narrow door of the eDjevaus chin-bandage for, them. Cotton
and placed before the tPe.s hermetically seals the orifice of
Into the hall the Spirits come the nose, mouth and ears. After
and go, saluting, talking to each long minutes the Spirit Cime-
other, very calm now, or dane- tiere-Boumbas manifest itself.
ing before the drums. Three, then four and five are
The Houngan takes out the seen to slide over the floor in
big wooden mortar, very an- the direction of the yard where,
cient, as well as the two pes--
tlIes. After the consecration the XMAS R]
men surround it, red handker-
ohipfs nhnast thair n.b-ae. n

-A-lz* ajuuL Lnjeu ir & neC anm
waists. The ,Hounsisv bring the
bark and roots which must be
pounded. Two strong boys face -
each other across the mortar;
they have remnved thpir chirtc

water, greenish, foaming, fills- nd the red handkerchiefs are
.baye'. The wild odor of the bright on their fine black skins.
leaves impregnate the room. The They lift the pestles and, with
Houngan orders the sides (cleared a dull thud, the two heavy ins-
for now it is a matter of carrying truments of wood fall back, ham
the ,baye, to the *DJevau., (one mering the bark. Rythmically
of the interior chambers of the they rise and fall in cadence. An
Temple). odor rises up, penetrating, irri-
Powder is stewed with the aid taking and yet agreeable, from all
of a firebrand. All the Servants, these roots reduced to powder.
meh and women grip thire baye. POSSESSED
by the sides, lift it and begin to The cGrands-Boiso Spirits ha-
* balance it rythmically. The Spi- ve come to *seller, (saddle) their
Srits *Petron and -Congo, appear *chouals, (horses) (voudou worship
at each instant. Soon all those who per). They immediately take
surround the 'baye become -pos- part in the ceremony, going so
sessed,. far as to mount the narrow edge
This and the heavy human of the mortar, without for all
mass which encompasses it are that, interrupting the work. The
shuffled about ,from one side of cGrand-Bois) dance; the tall mor





*r r Jrrr

the log has been lighted. Tree
trunks arranged in star forma-
tion send the flames high. The
spectators gather around the
fire leaving a passage by which
the Spirits may pass straight to-
wards the fire. The two Congo
drums have changed the rythm;
it is now more muffled, ressoun
ding in the calm night The sky
is dotted with stars and, beyond
the large beadfruit trees which
surround the acaille (thatched-
roof hut) can be seen the fleece
of the sugarcane fields.
The Boumbax Spirits, some
rolling, sliding, others, running,
reach the fire. The flames rise
to a height of two meters, and
when the Spirits dance on the
wood piled high wiLh wreaths of
sparks rising In a rain of gold.

The Spirits, happy bathedv them
selves with rapture in the fla-
mes. Certain of them seat them
selves on the incandescent
stumps while others lay themsel
yes out against the brazier or
seize with their naked hands a
red hot stenm stuck in the mid-
dle of the fire. The tKitas
bound, jump lightly from log to
log, Ihen execute three small
turns at the summit before turnA
bling down to the other side. A
Brise a dare-devil, more ma-
jestic, climbs the scaffold of
trunks slowly, his eyes and teeth
flashing in the moving light of
the braziW, of short flames lick-
ing at his ankles. The spectators
keep carefully at a distance from

(Continued on page 12)

(Continued on page 3)

tes were over-run with work. places resounded to the cNoel 'Point de la Libert4 (in the Ex-
Bright colors, especially red, d'Adam, (Adam's Christmas) the position Cite) and there 'would
were utilized for the clothing minute awaited for hours, since indulge in drinking Trempe
:of the day. the beginning of Advent since (a drink made of many herbs
On December 24th, in the the beginning of the Year. To and raw white rum) from eZo-
evening, all the chuch bells be- these pious accents, were added douventv place and invoke Mus-
gan their clangor and light the voices of the drunk and the set, Baudelaire, Verlaine by reci-
sprang up in panes of their nar-' drunkards whose attacks were ting their poems as well as the
row windows. Church members directed at everyone not well de verses of the Hymn of Hymns,
coming in from everywhere, the fended, and in a leitmotov: Christmasi
servants under fatigue- half as Tom-TOMS Here is the Saviour. Offshore a
leep, followed carrying chairs In the mountains which ring silver moon glides over the oce-
and folding chairs... The manger the city the tom-tom sounded, an and the staxs become dim dis
was left at home where the Pe- insitent and hurried. It is he appearing one after the other in
tit Jesus reposed 'on the straw night edes devoirss duties* (du- the flush of dawn.
under the new white handker- ties) towards the departed souls For almost forty years the
chief, between the Virgin Mot- of the ancestors, a surviving prac Christmas Tree has slipped out
her, Saint Joseph, the ox, the tice of the rituals of the Afro- of our customs and the watch
donkey, the shepherds and the Mater. Those who answer the night in the families are more
angels. At home ..had also been summons, guided by the call of and more ceding their places qo
left the turkey soup keeping hot the drums climb the slopes to- organized parties in the casi-
on the ashes of the charcoal sto- wards these Prayers, these tMan nos, night spots and dancing
ve or the appetizing ham or the ge Yamm.* (yam eaters). They places.
young pig, according to taste, partake of this strange spiced
Between the Psalms or two phra food, drink their alcohol, join in The churches nevertheless
ses of tMinuit Chretien,h one re the songs and dances whose mys each year attract an increasing
membered this regal aftermath, tic movements are confined to number of the faithful thirsty
without however attaining t h e a rugged voluptuousness. These for hope, inspiration and fervor.
guilty impatience of the priest drunkards will do also near two INOEL D'ADAMs which unites
of Trois messes basses) of Al-. o'clock in the morning to taste -all the voice's all the hearts through
phonse Daudet the ,riz dore' (golden rice) at! ,music, the universal language,
Zinna's home, in the sectldn of is being sung less and less...
At midnight, all the sacred Pisquettes, today known as Rond What a pity!



" Page 11


Page 12 "HAITI-SUN" Sunc]aw Dec. 22nd.

cipality yet. But, in reality, it is
because everything, to the last
straw, goes to make manure for
houses. There is not a single local
newpsaper, and those from Srina-
gar and beyond take a month to
travel up, since they come by road.

Food is austere -- mere ground
wheat or barley made into sattu,
and taken with some vegetable or
meat when these are available, and
always plenty of Tibetan brick tea
prepared with salt and butter. No
loaf of bread with breakfast, or
cakes with tea, for there is not one
bakery in town. Rice is prohibitiv-
ely expensive, since it has to come
all the way from the valley and so
are sugar and everything else
which is imported. But there is
chang to compensate. It is the local
brew from barley and does it
have a kick!
The climate is, of course, extrem-
ely severe. In winter all is snowed
under. Even the Indus is frozen.
I Spring dawns at about the end of
May, when the tall, gaunt poplars
burst into myriads of small green
buds and the occasional apricot
blossoms into its charming raiment
of pink and white. The peasants
start ploughing to sow their only
crop of wheat and barley, which
they must harvest by October. And
though the sun cahn be hot on a
midsummer day, the nights are
cold, very cold, throughout the
year and have to be faced with an
acute shortage of fuel, since there
arile no natural forests in Ladakh
and people cultivate trees for their
firewood in private walled-In gar-
dens, as one' keeps poultry for

Of historical survivals, there is
the fort in Leh, with the conven-
tional moat around itt, built by
Zorawar Singh some time near
1840, when he conquered Ladakh
for Kashmir. Four of bis guns are
also there, which he must have
brought all the way from Jammu,
over the mountains.
In this land of the lamas, how-
ever, much more interesting to see
are the gompas. They are the
Buddhist places of worship-cum-
monasteries, and the lives of the
lay people are very intimately
bound up with them, not merely
in relation to their heavenly aspi-
rations, but also in their day-to-
day activities, including the arts,
the finer accomplishments and fes-
tivities. There are no compartments
yet in a Ladakhi Buddhist's cons-
cousness and outlook a separate
walled-in one for the spiritual, as
distinct from that tor the daily
secular routine.
Every hamlet has its gompa, but
the most famous, the richest and
the oldest is at Hemis, about 30
'niles south-east of Leh. There i-
supposed to be a road leading to
it and to Sakti beyond, in the di-
rection of Lahoul. You see it for a
while outside Leh, a sandcovered
track. But later it is difficult to
trace. It merges in the general
landscape, which is one stretch of
boulders, shingle and sand. with
no grass, bushes or trees.
There are fields along the Indus
- neat green squares with low

boundary walls. The rainfall here
being only three inches a year,
everything, including the trees, has
to be irrigated, and so all culti-
vation is confined to areas in close
proximity to the rivers, perennial
snow-fed mountain streams, or
springs. The (farm houses stand
singly, each within its own patch
of cultivation, instead of crowding
together in a single village. In the
background, quite close, are the
mountains in sharp razor-edge
fold, bare as a new-born babe.
Tt is a steep climb to the Hemis
Gompa, built high up against a
semicircular rock of deep ochre,
with large patches of sheer jade
and purple. Facing it is a range of
dazzling white peaks a float against
a brilliant turquoise. A swift moun-
tain stream rushes down by the
right and theer are some terraced

fields on its further bank.

The architecture of the Gompa,
however, is not impressive. It is
primitive, a low, square, squat,
flat-roofed, whitewashed building,

(Continued fromnz page 7)


paintings and murals and ancient
wooden block-printed sacred texts,
the last bound in boards and
wrapped in silk. There is an im-
posing statue of the Buddha in
gold. By its side hangs ah autogra-
phed photograph of Mahatma
Ghandi, presented by Mr. Nehru
v.hen he visited Hemis some eight
years ago. There are, of course,
plenty of saffron-robej lamas, old,
young and very young They live
in the hotel-like buildings nearby
and they are the people's cons-
By the time one gets back to Leh
the sun is setting. The snu..-clad
summits turn a pure gold in th2
last lingering, rays. Lower down,
ihe mountains have wrapped their
flanks in the deepening evening
shadows a sombre blue. till
night overtakes them. And then
only a black mass remains in out-
line against the faint g3low of the
stars. The stars here are bigger,
more brilliant and much lower--
almost within reach of the haiid
Teic heavens arc nearer.

of gift articles and
t "utti+..s Service




redolent of age. But inside are The Lama WHERE THE LOWEST PRICE, IS THE OLVPRIC
some beautiful and very old scroll '


the fire which roast your tface
even from a distance of several
meters. s .. 's
The hours pass, the Spirits are *&
never tired of playing with the e of
fire, however they do not forget tfe
to ctraitert (take care of) all the c
cpititt caille: s which surrounds I K
them, either for the purpose of (
curing a sick person, or f or re-
moving hard luck. E. M
eCiTmnetiere-Boumba.>, eyes shin[-!!
dieg through the white cotton of ( *
his chin-bandage, scrutinizes the
circle of spectators Ie picks 1
out 'a small girl of six years (
whom he draws towards him. The interior workmanship of the 1957 STUDEBAKER is
The *Loa) places the young thin -( tIre talented work of Master-Craftsmen who have faithfully ,
body across his shoulders and z(t adapted the automobile to the ideal of modern life.
passes through the fire before (
putstiughherdon ofh'er b et .STUDEBAKER has developed the concepti6 eof autonto-
putting her down oil her feet. :F-( a
Not at all frightened, the little bile comfort in keeping with the criteria of real elegance. '
girl smiles, confidently. Mothers Quite a number of factors will make you appreciate the)V
bring their babies; still asleep additional advantages offered you by STUDEBAKER. the ear
ring ts wh the supreme economy of'European motors.
carrying them by the hands, or The only American ear combining elegance and sturd'ness
the feet, the little brown plump that is really different for 1957.
bodies are passed through the 8 Distributor in Haiti: Tipco (Place Geffrard)
flames, then returned to the mo Diw
th r1 whn thnk c the Qnir t forhh

the magic bath which they have
just had. The Spirits dance
about the fire, alone or in
groups. Under the impulsion of
the drums, one or the other de-
taches itself, jumps, spins,
bounds into the flames, crosses
the brazier. The songs rise up in
the cool air of the night which
is almost over.

Little by little the flamnies di-
minish. Dawn flames in the East,
the crowd breaks up. The
QLoas. or Spirits leave one nf.
ter the other, leaving then
achouals. (those mounted by
the rLoask) a little tired, but
without any burns whateverr.
They enter their homes to rest
or to stretch out on the 'nattes
straw sleeping squares in the
rooms of the Temple






** M

in the best of

hands when you...

Phone: 3313 Ticket Office: Jos. Nodal & Co.
Bldg. Jos. Nodal & Co., General Agents
or see your Travel Agent

Only 2 more Days Iet to


Avoid the last minute rush


with comfort and select thi

gift you have been after a

where you will find thousand

-- -- I

Sunday Dec. 22nd. |



Page 12

Sunday 22nd. Dec. i9 3 7 c i IAITI .SUN:) Page 13

Huguette Cardozo. The couple. will
combine a business-cumr-pleasure
jaunt in connection with their
plans to export Haitian hats and
.hoes to Europe.

Miss Ghislaine
Marries Peruvian
hiss Gmnslaine Foitevien, eldect
daughter of Colonel and Mrs.
Constant PoiteviLn, %%as married
on December 15th to Enaineer
Luiz Arturo, at Turialbla. Costa
The newlyweds arrived in Port-
au-Prince, Friday afternoon, where
they will spend two weeks.
In a 6:00 P.M. ceremony at the
Sacred Heart Church in Turgeau,
the young couple received the
nuptial benediction, with a large
gathering of relatives and friends
attending the ceremony. A sump-
tuous reception followed the reli-
gious rites at the home of the pa-
rents of the bride.
The marriage of the distinguis-
hed yonug couple was the culmi-
'nation of a romance which began
wien both were specializing at the
Agricultural Institute of the Inter-
American Institute, in Turialba, on
scholarships from their respective
Mrs. Arturo, the former Ghis-
laine Poitevien, returned t w o
years ago to resume her duties
with SCIPA, after obtaining her
diploma as a specialist in Library
Technique. A year later she ac-
cepted a position offered her
by the Turialba Institute Library,
and returned to Costa Rica.
Mr. Arturo, a Peruvian, obtain-
ed his degrees as Engineer-Agro-
nomist at the Institue and also re-
fiLII MC unLu Utr

Paula Arlet recently opened her
shop at Impasse Lavaud, with baby
and children's clothing as a spe.
cialty. The sign ,Prenatai' puts
oveff the message of the attractive
wares to be found in th: ,vitri-
nes for the tiny tots.



Miss Marion Shaw returned to
spend the holidays with her mot-
her. Mrs. R. Shaw.. Principal of the
Union School in Port-au-Prince.
Friz Lherisson, young Haitian
talisman flies to the big city soon
on an important business trip.
Eric Tippenhauer, sugar mNl in-
dustrial, has been in Cuba for the
past two weeks in connection with
the opening of his new factory in

Jean Rock, young Haitian .hom- F. Andersen, Manager of Souther
me d'affaireso is planning an ex- land Tours here, flew to Aruba
tensive business-cum-pleasure trip on a brief company matter, and is
abroad this year. expected back in Port-au-Prince
this week.
xxx j xxx

Moussa Talamas flew last week Roger Martin moved his family
to Havana where he will spend the for several years' residence, to the
Christmas holidays with his family U. S. taking the Pan American
there. Airways plane on Friday.
I xxx
Victor Saliba has been made Ma-
nager of the'Talamas Brothers au- IT.-.s. Hilda Fife-Baker will leave
to parts. Saliba who already runs shortly after Christmas to visit
his own store is now -a cbeval' with her daughter Edith, and son-
between the two enterprises, in-law-, Reverend Morisseau and
two grandsons Eddie and Frantz
xxx in Detroit. Michigan.
Lovely Jacko Sassine, Secretary
in the Haitian Consulate in Miami, Penny and 'Cathy Stokes, twin
spent a month's vacation here, with daughters'of Major and Mrs. Louis
the family. S. Stokes observed their first birth-
xxx day anniversary yesterday, Deceinm-
ber 21st. The smilling, chubby -ju-
Mr. Frank Lamarre, the new melles, had a ,ti-ftte, in the after
,Pre'ftet. of the Arrondissement of noon with tiny friends on hand to
A:tuin, and his friends celebrated -cieer as they puffed out their
the occasion with a sumptuous re- twin Candles.
option at his home, this week. xxx

Mr. and Mrs. Arturo will visit xx
several Caribbean Capitals during
their honeymoon and will then r-e "M-r. Oct.ave iippolyte of Les Ca-
turn to Costa Rica to resume their j"c observed his birthday anniver-
respective posts with the Institute "r'y this month -do men tell
of Inter-American Affairs. i1ir ages?- Well the exact date
i;n December and the number of
Gerard (-Chewpic.1 Fils-Aim6, years. are still keeping us guess-
turbulent member of the first 4r.g.
grade at the St. Louis de Gonza- xxx
gue establishment, turned six i
,ears of age on Deccm')"- 21st. Hotel Riviera's Berard Pollas is
-xx planning a jaunt to Kingston, Ha-
vana and Mexico City, in the near

Gerard Blanchard's exposition of future-
his dress and costume designs is
still drawing admirers toI the hump
of Mrs. Eugene Carrie at Petion- Anton
Ville, since it was opened last Departr
week. Gerry inspiringly designs scouting
the models, and hands them over town. i
to Mrs. Carrie who does things to he U.
the superb French materials when 'n three
she creates his designs into dresses
house coats, bathing .suits, play
suits, costumes, and what-have-
you. The I
%xxx I nov ha
of stud
'Th Henri Phelps family, and
thai of the Evremont Carrie's are
becoming mergers in the nor-too- Frits;
distant future, for they have given Haiti's
their blessings to their betrothed flies to
children Annie and Raymond. Paris,


no (Tone) Douyon, of the
nent of Agriculture's Ac-
Department, and-man-about
is reported to be flying to
S. on 'his second trip with-
e years, soon.

Mr. and Mrs. P. M. Millikin, of
Littleton, Colorado arrived in Port.
au-Prince this week.. via Pan Amer-
ican Airways, to spend-the holi-
days with their daughter, Mr. and
Mrs. Russell Gregg and family of
; Mrs. Millikin, auther of several
books and many stories, plaris to
include Haiti in some of her fu-
Slure writings.

i '

'Winter season last Monday night,
With a gala show in t'ne newly open
ted Patio. Many prominent Haitians
aid visitors attended. In spite of
the adverse weather quite a crowd
gathered to see the sketches, songs
and dances depicting the charm of
Haitian life, arranged by Impresa-
rio Coster, reputed to be the best
in Haiti.

I xxx
Louis NlMauet daughters are The Women's Cooperative of the
ek in Haiti six years .Saint Catherine Cooperative,, ha-
ics in Ottawa, Canada q> organized an Exposition and
x gSale of fing needlework and em-
broidery to encourage Haitian
z Mevs. owner of one of workers It is being held at Hotel
leading Souvenir Shops Plaza, on the Champ-de-Mars, from
o-day to Roma, Madrid and D-cember 18th to Ihe 22nd, and
with his wife. the former is open to the public all day.

Continued from paige 3)

EL LIBERTADOR. V.nezue'an mniitilar geniouais died 127 years ago.
C ):-.inr.ta";a'un of Lhe anniversary of his death %as marked at Port-
.u* Prince by filing tc(remionies among which wcre those of the So-
c.ete Pet.on-Ltlikvi. tilh the personnel! of the Venezuelan Embassy
ratilcip.iting in a radio broadcast and a pilgrimage to the monument
%here ihey r.iaccd a huge wreath, and sairld a prayer for the repose of
t';Ce souli of Simon Bolivar...
THE NATIONAL COFFEE OFFICE's new Director General is Mr.
Berl i DiD.ail!e. Scientific Agriculturist...
tion for tie President of the Republic, Dr. Francois Duvalier, and
Chifs,; of the Diplomatic Missions accredited at Port-au-Prince. The
receptiu:t i)ok place last Friday evening at the home of Minister and
Mrs'. Beauvoir..
,CITY MARKET, won a prize of One Thousand Dollars for noted
Haitian painter, Castera Bazile, who entered the Contest of the Inter-
national Union of Official Organisms of Tourism...



Casino International
Gn~fiai&S.~i ~ma4~ifaw


Up To December 24th 1957




: Dance Music
lv' Joe, Trouillot's Orchestra
1 olkloric Shfiow
Ie,' the Casino Troup -anl the
Revellati6n of the Day:
The Baritdne, Belizaire
: The Cha-Cha Cbi.tos
: Folkloric Show Belizaire
: Folkloric Show Belizaire
: The Cha-Cha Chitos
SThe Cha-Cha Chitos.




Everv Night: Tlhe Joe Trouillot Ensemble

Saturday: Admission $1.00
The number on the Ticket gives the right to participate
in a lottery for a magnificent Swiss watch. This lottery
will. he held at 30 minutes past midnight
Miy Surprises will be announced on the Pro'gramme of the Slhows.
.on December 24th and the Holidays




Has the Most Talked-Of Show in Toiwn

A Unique Cast A Thrilling Spectafcle





Sunday 22nd. Dec.. i957

,,iAI TI.SUN:,


rPae 13

*a~ 14 HAT-U Suda 22d Dec. 19..---.* I- -

Tourist Director, Engineers

Hold Round Table Contab

A select group responded, Fri-
day afternoon, to the invitation of
Tourist Director Robert Theard, to
meet with officials of the National
Office of Tourism, at the Chamber
of Commerce for a round-table dis-
eussion on improving the attrac-
Stions and amusements to be offer-
ed visitors to Haiti. He was assist-
ed by Mr. Gerard Dabady.
Mr. Theard opened the meeting
with a well-turned speech, and
asked those present to listen to
the reading of the report made to
the Minister of Tburism by Mr.
Emmanuel Desdunes, Director of
the TheAtre de Verdure Massil-
Ion Coicou.
The points covered in thq report
were rather in favour of having
Engineer Seymour Godefroy add-
ressed the group on the subject of
creating a modem theater. Dr.
Cerlo, Italian producer here to
make a film, and Mr. Kurt Fisher
Chairman of the Tourist Shops
Assn. and Jean Leon Destine, inter-
national dance authority.
One of the major problems came
up when it was found that a diver-
gence of opinion existed from the
standpoint of the actors and that
of the tourists.
Mr. Pierre Blain, speaking for
the actors of the trop performing
at the Thfitre de Verdure, stated
that they would like to have &,
completely new theater built,
where many of the inconveniences
experienced by the players would
be eliminated.
It was pointed out, however, that
the tourists themselves liked the
present aspect of the theater and
certain necessary repairs and remo-
delling carried out.

Several committees were appoint
ed to study the various problems,
consider the various aspects of the
question, and to prepare a final
plan that would cover the needs
of the artists, the finances involv-
ed, the comforts of the audience,
and bigger and better shows, cos-
tume needs and scenery.
Miss Jacqueline Dartiguenave,
Miss Marthe Posy and Mrs. Made-
leine Cassagnol-Mallebranche of
the Tourist Office Secretarial
Corps took minutes of the meet-
The Committes were formed as

The Theatre Building Project
Engineer Adrien Roy (Derot Con-
struction Co.)
Engineer Seymour Godefroy
Architect Albert Mangones
Architect Augustc Magloire

Technique of Orientation

Mrs. Lavinia Williams-Yarbrough
Mr. M. Germain
Mr. Maurice Dieudonne
Mr. Pierre Blain
Mrs. Lina Mathon-Blatichet
Mr. Rodrigue Scott

Stage Setting

Madme Murat
Madame Legagneur
Mr. Gerard Blanchard
Mr. Savain
r *
Recruiting and Training

Mrs. Lavinia Williams
Mr. Gerard Resil
Mr. Emmanuel Desdunes

of Actors

Minister Duvigneaud

Host Reception

For Legislators

Mr. Frederic Duvigneaud, Minis-
ter of the Interior, National De-
fense and Coordination, entertain-
ed at a/banquet at the lHoitel Vil-
la Creole, on Thursday, in honor of
the members of Haiti's Legislature.
The closing of the First Extraor'-
dinary Session of the 38th. Legis-
lature had been marked earlier the
same day at the Legislative Palace
where Minister Duvigneau stood
at the tribune of the National As-

Dr. Farnqois Duvalier, President
of the Republic attended the re-
ception, accompanied by members
of his Cabinet, and other Govern-
ment officials.

A Drink Can Win

A Free Trip

To Havana

Patrons of the Hotel Riviera this
winter will be given an opportuni-
ty to win a free trip to Havana
with a two-night stay at the fa-
mous Havana Ruicra.
With every .drink clients will
,get a numbered ticket and ever.
nigh; fi\e tickets will be placed
into a box At' the end of each
month, from the 150 tickets de-
posited, one will be drawn. The
winner will be entitled to a Tree


VOODOO JEWELRY is another Exposition. Later he organised the
of Haiti's craft industries which Foyer des Arts Plastiques."

not only earns dollars butL makes
friends for Haiti, especially in
the United States.
Mainspring of the industry is
the Bijoux Chenet factory at Bi-
zoton run by Jean and Winifred
Mrs. Chenet who was born in
Brooklyn, New York, lirpt came
to Haiti in 1945 as a Rosenald
Fellow, studying Caribbean motifs
as part of the expansion of her
knowledge as a designer of jewel-
She had followed th;s c:-af, as
the natural development of her
interest in Art and had achieved
quite a reputation in the United
States and Canada where her work
had been displayed at exhibitions.
Hers was the first scholarship in
crafts to be given by the Rosen-
wild Foundation.
SHer work had been pictured in
Harper's Bazaar, Vogue, Esquire,
McCall's and similar- publications
and she had made an educational
film and had appeared on radio
and television.
A guest speaker at the Small
Businesses Conference sponsored
by the U. S. Department: of Com-
merce, Mrs. Chenet received a cer-
tificate of commendation from the
New York State Department of
Commerce for her help in promot-
ing Small Businesses.
Back in the United States after
her visit to Haiti Mrs. Chenct met
Jean. who was then on a Rockfeller
Fellowship studying the History
of Art and Museum technique.
When he returned to Haiti in 1945
he had a wife and Haiti was on
the way-to having an'important
craft industry.
Jean was the organiser of the

trip to Havana and two nights at IMuseum qf the Haitian Peopl
luxurious Havana Riviera Hotel. which played a great part in the

i.A' PullIIsit, .- i" riuh Ci il' r i Frpi.',,fii ii-icd ;j thij Toor.rit Deportmentr plans to developed.

Fascinated still by the Haitian
Folklore Art forms, Mrs Chenet
decided to make them better
known in 'jewelry and with' her
husband started their Bijoux Che-
net factory.
Today Chenet Jewelry is widely
known, especially in the United
States and has served to cement
many frienships for Haiti with vi-
sitors from many parts of the

Thaddeus Hyatt
Coming Dec. 29

Mr Thaddeus Hyatt, President
and owner of Air and Marine Tra.
vel Service is expected to arrive
in 'Haiti on Dec. 29th. on a .wo-
day visit. During his stay he will
be a guest at the Montana Hotel.
Air and Marine are the Tour
Operators who handle the largest
volume of travel business tL the


Mrs. Francoise

The sa nbws of the death of Ma-
dame Francoise Marini, resident
of Marseilles, France was receiv-
eu here with widespread regret.
She had only recently observed
her 100th anniversary.
The distinguished centena r i a nII
was the mother of Mr. Dominique
Marini, owner cef the famous Ho-
tel and Cabanc Choucoune esta-
Although his mother had not
had the opportunity of visiting
Haiti, personally, she was a great
admirer of the country of adoption
of her son, Dominique who came
to Haiti thirty years ago.
When he married Mademoiselle
Andr6e Roy, daughter of the late
ex-President. Eugene Roy, they
formed a dynamic team and join-
ed Haiti's pioneers of the Tourist
Industry. Under their combined ef-
forts -Choucoune, came into being
and has grown into an intei na-
tional rendez-vous of American and
European visitors to Haiti. Mr. Ma-
rini visited his mother in France,
only last year.
Hundreds of cablegrams and ex-
P ressions of condolences have
i poured in from friends of Mr. and
Mrs Marini, on the occasion of
Their great loss.
STo the bereaved family., includ-
Sing Mr.h and Mrs. Marini, Madame
SG. Poggi, daughter of the deceased.
'Mr. Rene Marini, grandson and ile
1.dmcrous relatives in Haiti Lind
broada, Haiti Sun joins in pre.;ent-
ming its deepest %mp2tliv and cop-

A (;. A Coue Mr,.dcll 1957
Oinl:. twi, month, u-,c Servcl Elec-
tric XVLnder BarAqualung, double
tank -- \ith fi, d I ?. c ot access.
sorice Air cornpresoiU, flippers
and masks. Spearains Oi. ner lea'.-

ilg country Apply Villa Trrpica-
na. P-etion.Ville

Sunday 22nd. Dec. 1957

Page 14


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flour +aitian Shopping


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