Haiti sun

Material Information

Haiti sun
Place of Publication:
Port-au-Prince, Haiti
R. Cheney, Jr.
Creation Date:
November 15, 1959
Publication Date:
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 46-47 cm.


newspaper ( marcgt )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
Haiti -- Port-au-Prince


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began Sept. 1950.
General Note:
"The Haitian English language newspaper."

Record Information

Source Institution:
Duke University Libraries
Holding Location:
Duke University Libraries
Rights Management:
The University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries respect the intellectual property rights of others and do not claim any copyright interest in this item. This item may be protected by copyright but is made available here under a claim of fair use (17 U.S.C. §107) for non-profit research and educational purposes. Users of this work have responsibility for determining copyright status prior to reusing, publishing or reproducing this item for purposes other than what is allowed by fair use or other copyright exemptions. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder. The Smathers Libraries would like to learn more about this item and invite individuals or organizations to contact Digital Services ( with any additional information they can provide.
Resource Identifier:
32441147 ( OCLC )
sn 95058138 ( LCCN )
Newspaper 2117 ( lcc )


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Full Text

.::... 'Weekly

S- Every

S Sunday

..' V S:

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NOVEMBER 15th, 1959 Port au Prince, HA ITI No. 37 Avenue Marie Jeanne Cite D

Senator Capehart.

With Twelve American

M And Industrial Leaders

Modern painter Gesner Armand who recently returned from Mexico
opens the Centre d'Art season December 4th With a one-man showing.
Above Armand is holding a recent work admired -by Artist Luce
Turnier who will follow January 8th with her first .showing in two years.


- The Centre d'Art's 1959-60 season talent among the modern artists of
will open on Friday, December 4th Haiti. "'
with a one-man .exhibition of paint- On. January 8th Luce Turnier,
ings and drawings by the very Haiti's outstanding woman .painter,
young.and brilliant Gesner. Armand, will show for the first time in two
recently returned from a year in years. During this period she built
Mexico. Art, lovers who recall his a workshop studio and has been
previous work will be astonished by hard at work op. her 4-rawing and
the rapid maturing of this fresh new painting.

'Haiti's Boxing Champ-
Moves To Pakistan
Gerard. Francois undefeated box-
ing champ of Haiti has moved his
family to Pakistan to live with his
father-in-law, the -famous Curtis.-
Francois' eye-sight was impaired
gn a sparing bout with Cuba's one-
time champ Agramonte. During the
past two years he found it increas-
ingly harder to find employment
nd persuaded hi' father-in-law to
arrange for their transportation to
Morocco where he had lived since
leaving Haiti in 1952. Beatnicldsh
Curtis popped up in Pakistan and
invited Firancois to bring his daught-
er- and eldest son to Karachi. Mr
Curtis married a tahitian and came
to Haiti with her twenty years ago.
A steady income from the U.S. per-
mitted him to devote himself com-
pletely to the study of voodoo, snak-
es, birds and insects.

Presidential private secretary M.
Clement Barbot left suddenly. for
Hamburg Thursday afternoon upon
', receiving word from his wife, who
fIew to Germany Sunday, that their
Hn Herve had taken ill.
.ii-r. and Mrs. Barbot had been
S.concerned over- the health of their
S. on.who was studying medicine in
"-" Hamburg.
S.Mr -Barbot accompanied by an
aide and friend Mr. Edmond Khou-
ri cllppered to San Juan and New
York-and Jetted to Hamburg. Pre-
sident Dr. Francois Duvalier and
members of his immediate family
weW at Bowen Field airport to see
him off. The "other Barbot children
are also studying in Europe.

'.. .

~ .' .., ,-:

Other one-man exhibitions will in-
clude the' first exhibition in Haiti
of paintings by the greatly talented
American artist Barbara Aubin,
well-known for her teaching courses

The search for "Miss Haiti" got
off to a vigorous start last Tuesday
at .the Hotel Beau Rivage when
committee members and planners
delved deep into the foundations of
a beauty contest.

Replying to an invitation of
Tourist Board Director. Raymond
Roy, Mrs Pierre Merceron, wife of
the Army Chief of Staff and Mrs
Paulette St. Lot the committee
spent two and a half hours in
frank discussion weighing Miss
Haiti's requirements.

The Queen elected will represent
Haiti at the Interamerican contest
to be held -in Cali, Colombia from
(Continued on page 16)

Television for Christmas is 'the
promise executives of the Republic's
first T.V. company ..made to the
Haitian public this past week.
.Andre Apaid, managing director
of Tele-Haiti sent out thousands of
letters. to families' .-tifying therfi
that television would be in opera-
tion here "bientot". He interpreted
his "bientot" as meaning before
Christmas. Hundreds responded the
invitation contained in his letter
to visit the company's showroom

Senator Homer E. Capehart of In-
diana a member of the United Sta-
tes Senate's Foreign Relations Com-
mittee arrives here tomoTrow on a
two-day visit.
The Republican Senator is accom-
panied by committee staff member
George C.' Denney Jr and a party
of twelve business and Industrial
Senator Frank Carlson, Republi-
can of Kansas will arrive the foll-
owing day on an independent visit.
When Senator Capehai't and his
Indiana party arrive from Kingston
on Panam flight 431 at 3pm they

Balloting opens here and in two,
other departments for the election
of six senators today.
The elections are expected to. go
off in coniplete calm and serenity;
Except, for an occasional appear.
ance of a candidates poster on "a
car or telephone pole and an abs-
ence of meetings or heated election-
eering over the radio interest in the
elections has in this department
been only "familial".

The vacancies happened w h e 1n
the. Government accused six of
plotting the overthrow of the Gov--
ernment and" introducing commun-
ism in a statist form.
Those of the Senators are in asyl-
um at the Mexican' Embassy on




(Continued on page 4) (Continued on page 16) 1 Morne Noie-.

Ex-Soldier And Diploj

Changing Face Of Fishinc

A former Army Captain and ex- steadily since it was instituted
Ambassador are revolutionizing the year ago.
fishing industry. Today Fishermen along Ha
Captain Guy Clerie and Pierre horse-shoe coast hail the sigh4
Hudicourt have quietly launched the white and green "Coulouh
a progressive Haitian enterprise as their Life-Line with the res
that is injecting new life, and doll- the world.
ars into isolated coastal fishing com-
munities from the Mole to Cayes Fishermen sell their catch to
and making fresh fish available to-stations setup along the coast

-all strata of life in Port-au-Prince
hitherto unheard of cut prices.
The two men who have been join-
ed by Jean and Maunce Clerie
stepped up their fishing operation
this. week with the purchase of the
fgrty-one Ft. Philip from Gerard
Baltazar which they have renamed
Balbarin after a small red fish.
A third vessel is being outfitting
for the Gonave-trade.

FAO's Marine Fishery expert En-
glishman Martin Routh who enth-
usiastically provides the .company
with technical help pointing out
that the launching of a. private en-
terprise of this caliber is the ultim-
ate goal of any technical assistance
"Fruits des Mers'" has progressed

d a

k of
t of

get cash in return or if they wish
to improve their fishing they can
purchase with fish new nylon nets
from the company. The sale of
boats at cost for fish is also envi-
saged by the company. Besides
hauling to port in its special cold
storage cargo hole a thousand
pounds of fresh fish, oysters, rock
lobster's tails, live lobsters and gi-
ant Live sea turtles the Coulouhou
has become the village 'postrhan
doing dozens of small errands. A
letter to post in Port, request for
medicine, material for a fisherman's
wife, and a ride to Port are just
a few of the request the sympathet-
ic coulouhou skipper gets during the
course of a weekly-voyage.
Prioi to this week the company's
operation with only one boat was
limited- But the acquisition of a
second will make it possible for

the regular collection of fish from
both the North and South coast
each week. Both vessels are outfitt-
ed. for benito (Tuna) fishing and
can trawl as they travel up and
down the. coast.
To ensure ,the sale of fresh -fish
the "Fruits des Mers" established a
Fish-monger shop, the first- shop"
to exclusively sell fish in Haiti, on
the Rue des Casernes. Their second
more elaborate store opened on the
Champ de Mars next to the Ameri-
can Embassy last month. The third
and fourth open this month in the
popular markets Marchand and
Salamon. All four shops have deep
.freeze equipment and the fish are
sold under the most hygenic con-
ditions. Although the company is
giving the fisherman top prices,
fish is retail in their .shops here
at aii all time record low price.
(Continued on page 2)

The giant statue of Alexandre
Petion on the Champ de Mars is
getting a small park enclosure this
week. The park will help preserve
the monument to Haiti's first Pres-

^^^^ ** ^^ ~~ _- ---- ^ -- __ __I



umarsais ESjTME -- No. 2




'ill be welcomed by a special sen-
.te commission composed of Sen- -
itors, Arthur Bonhomme, Gasner '
Kersaint, Henri Marc Charles; Died-
donne Legros, Jehu Gamier. '
Tuesday Senator Capehart will "
meet with -President Duvalier and
depart for Ciudad Trujillo the foUl- '
owing day. The party will return
o Haiti. for several hours intransit .
to Catacas Friday. -"
Accompanying the Senator are: .
Mr George Buschmnan Attorney of
Cincinnati,, his son Earl Capehar.
-... -
HAITI this week is the current
issue of The Saturday Evening
Post (Nov. 14th).
Page 28 and five continuing
pages contains a hilarious ,and
beautifully written story by John
Kobler telling the "histoire' o
Roger Coster of the Hofel Oloff-
son and, Haiti.
With an absorbing color spread A
of photos by 'Frank Ross, this
priceless considered
mana from heaven for Haiti'i
Tourism Industry. "L ,, ,

Attorney of Indianapolis, Mr-Horace
Coats of Dougherty Company, .M,
Charles Cole of Cole and Sons '
South land, Mr John A. Fairchild, -..
of Raythoon Manufacturing Comp--
any of New York, Mr James Greg- '
ry Indianapolis, Mr Samuel H liar-r- "t
rell General Grain, Inc Indianapo- ",
lis, Mr Raymond F. Keley Dyna-,
(Contldued from page ) ..
----r--,.,. >'.




.- :1,


ix STT" SUNDAY, NOV. 15TH, -19
PAGE 2 '__Am SU Buiin U'p'"ee

Fruits De MeNor Company Building Up Flt

Haiti Imports
$2,000,000 of


Mbre than fifteen million pounds
of 'smoKed cod and herring that
drains the economy of between one
and a half and two million dollars
are imported from Canada and Scan-
dinavian countries annually. This
new Haitian Industry is expect to
help cut Imports.
Guy Cl6rie who hails from the
,Coastal town of Jeremie saw the
- need for a Haitian Fishery on the
Industrial Level as a boat owner
and amateur deeprsea fisherman:

Founded 1944
Exclusive agents:

Aix, Amiama, Armand, Bazile,
Benoit, Bigaud, Blanchard, Desro-
slers, Duffaut, Hyppolite, Joseph,
Leveque, Liautaud, Montas. Nor-
mil, Obin, Pierre, St. Brice, Ste-
phane, Turnier, Vital, many others.

17 Rue' -de la Revolution

From Pan American
In town ,one block toward
bay, half block to left.
Open Monday through

9-1 3-6 Phone


Gerard Ballazar completes deal for the sale of his trading vessel The
Philip to "Fruits des Mers" by shaking hands with Guy Clerie while Jean Clerie pours over cargo accounts aboard the flag ship-of the new
partner Pierre Hudicourt and FAO Marine Fishery expert Martin Routh fishing fleet. '
watch on. -

He launched his industry on leav- The survey showed clearly that LAVILLE OF DELTA FAMOUS POLITICAL
ing the Army two years ago there were economic quantities of FROM RUSSIA WRITER HERE
only to loose his first boat by fire tune at various points around the BACK FROM RUSSIA WRITER HERE political
while it rode 1at anchor off his beach Haitian Coast, notably off the Mole Boy what a contrast", was the One of the top Americanhilds is visit-
at La Mer Frappee. St. Nicolas, Jeremie and He A Va- description Sterin Laille, Delta coluing Haists Marcius Childs is vtsit
He found all the encouragement che. Airlines district Sales manager sta- ing Haiti withhis ngtone from their
and advice needed from FAO ex- Commercial trails out of Mole St. toned in Haiti summed up Russia home in Washington, b.c.
pert Routh and was soon joined by Nicolas where a community salting when he returned from a ten day
Pierre Hudicourt who has held for station was set up, proved success- tour early this month Old friends of Naval Mission Col-
a decade a number of Ambassad- ful and every effort was subsequent- Mr Laoille flew AirFrance to onel and Mrs Robert D.. Hemin, the
orial post around Latin America. 13, made to ercot'age private in- Moscow via New York and Paris Childs are spending four days here
FAO HELP vestment in this kind of fishery. last month on a l aupin sponsored at the Montana.
Routh came to Haiti in 1955 as He endeavored to increase the tour. escribed as a man every
FAO fisheries officer to advise and supply of fresh and salted fish' at He took a twelve hour train ride ident (U.S.) must read Mr Child's
help the Government in its marine better prices for the country's mark- from Moscow to Leningrad and re- column is syndicated throughout the
.. '. ,.. turned in tifty-fie minutes by the United States

In 1956' Routh was instrumental
in bringing over a Cuban fishing
boat to demonstrate the tuna fishing
possibilities along the Haitian coast.

While "Fruits des Mers" was shill
in the planning stage the giant"
Taiyo Fishing Company of Jap-
an. came to Haiti and negotiated
a contract with the Government for
rights to use Haiti as a point to
tranship Atlantic-caught tuna to
reefer ships. The contract in re-
turn called for Taiyo to develop
Haiti's coastal fishing. After sever-
al months of transhipping tuna car-
gos here Taiyo went their way and
dropped the arrangement.

FAO's Routh carried out some
demonstration fishing in early 1958
and showed that FAO's trammel
net in the hands of the local fisher-
men even with their primitive boats
increased the size of the catch con-
siderably. But the problem of how
to get the poor fishermen to use
the new net could not be solved
until "Fruits des Mers" opened the
new industry with a vast new hor-


Russian T.U. 104 B Jet. It viberat-
ed a'little at the tail he commented,
but it was fast. '
On a visit to the Kremlin 'he not-
ed that Lenin and Stalin both in
special glass caskets needed a
shave. There was some speculation
that even after death the nails and
hair continues to grow on a well
preserved body.

Mr Robert A. Lyon Executive se-
cretary of the American Friends
Service Committee discussed with
President Dr. Francois Duvalier
Thursday the possibilities of the
"Friends" doing community work
in Haiti.
Mr Lyons explained that he is
here to explore the situation. Friday
following a long exchange .with Mr
Herve Boyer UnderrMlinister of Fi-
nance Mr Lyons went to the Arti-
bonite to have talks with ODVA
director Garvey Laurent.

Contributions To help insure that a constant
is on hand for any emerge

President Doctor Francois Duva-
lier received Mr. Child in his office
at the National Palace Friday. M,.
Childs was accompanied by Ted
Arthur, USIS' director here.

A.D.P. is the new Advertising and..,
Publicity Agency that opened recent-
ly under the management of two
of the most experienced local. jnen.'.-
in this field today. .

Managing Director Gerard A. DA-
bady and Roland Montas, both sea-._
soned news and radio men, have -A
studied abroad in Europe .as well- '
as the States. Their Agence de Dif-
fusion et de Publicite, headquarter-.,.
ed at 72 Bourdon is organized for, -i
Radio, newspaper and cinema pub-: .
licity as well as public relations
work. .

supply of Blood

m- I-:

Above a U.S. Sailor gives blood to Volunteer Blood Bank
at the Sanitorium. This past week
Haitian Army Soldiers gave their blood.



1:' ~


UNDAY, NOV. 15TH, 1959

i Joseph report

The Russians may be enroute to the moon but Haitians are holding
their own in the herb line. Bio-stim a new scientifically tested stimulant
-squeezd from a little old Haitian herb is now on sale at La Belle Creole.
...'--If' is advertised as giving a sense of well-being, especially for the aged...
:-'.'The Dominican Military Attache who replaced Colonel
s Trujillo speaks English Prench and Creole. He went to- school at
th' "e1.Brothers in Cap-Haitien... With all the publicity about the excellent
Artibonite rice crop the market price here has fallen over a dollar a
Shundredweight... LawyerLt-Colonel Jacques Laroche is studying for a
- degree at the faculty of Ethnology... Economic attache Hodges of the
American Embassy in C.T. visited here Tuesday... Villa Creole Hotel
opened work on the construction of a new poolside bar. Monday. Albert
Mangones is doing the job... Mr. Jean Sylla director of Rural Educa-,
lion returned from eight days in .Puerto Rico where he studied that
islands educational system... Richard Doebrich of Wiesbaden, Germany,
-- a camera'expert like his Uncle Mr Sally Kahn is photographing Haiti
from all angles... Aaron N. Nadler of Brooklyn checked into the Hotel
Sans Souci last week for a spot of research in the Field of Entomology?
and insect collection. Haiti has had some prehistoric insects.
Frank J. Jordan News director of NBC in Chicago is getting married
December 26 and. planning a Haitian honeymoon... Problems have arisen
in the Soya bean oil refinery business. Tax is hitting the raw oil imported
by Brandts, Assad and Madsens... SS Haiti Merchant arrives tomorrow
from Miami with material for the completion of the new American Em-
bassy... Ti Georges Leger is- on a New York business trip. He flew co-
pilot in the Reynolds plane with Henri Wiener as far as Naussa.. Teddy
-- Carathanases a leading Haiti fan from White Plains N.Y. sent a babygram
to A. Jolicoeur this week announcing the arrival of another fan-daughter
Valqnie Dia. Teddy and her husband Paul will put off their visit till
next winter... Auto Spare-part dealer Lue Desroche is doing a post-gra-,
duate course at the Sandstone college on the Rue du Centre... The Guede-
Nibo night-club opens at the International Hotel and Country club (Thor-
land'9:30 pm Nov. 17 flder the patronage of Jean-Jacques Honorat. A
midnight show is on the bill... nice, re Herii.rstii 'of Time and Life returned
to his Panama HQ Tuesday after two weeks on Hispanolt.-'He inter.
viewed Pesident Duvalier... The 'Shell Offices, new streamlined and air-
conditioned have been voted the best in town...
Andre Narcisse, a leading folkdancer and choreographer has been
appointed director of the Theatre de Verdure (Open-air theater I. He
replaces Pierre Blain.. Madame Lucie Bayard is recovering at Canape
Vert hospital from running into a Camiott at Gonaives. The collision
caused her a broken leg and head injuries.. Young Melle Chantal Hudi-
court broke her arm recently at home in Petionville... Jackie Debrosse,
leaves bientot to join the U.S. airforce... Eileen and Robert-Mason Pollock
writers of the Rearder's Digest article on Haiti Art movement are plan-
ning to visit Haiti in February on completing their new book. "Joie
et Pelnes d'Amour" by lMaurice Chevalier as told to them... The Austral-
ian Salvation Army worker Miss Leah-Davids is returning from vacation
in England to work in Fond dbs Negres. The Salvation Army has opened
a' school, and workshop at Croix des Bouquets for the blind and handicapp-
ed... New American Embassy secretary Beatrice Bosanac is stopping
at the" Sans SoucL.. The Bamboche room at the Riviera is picking up
on Saturday night under the new T & T management. The old Hotel is
out to recapture its former gaiety... The Webbs ended a two year assign-
ment at the American Embassy in C.T. 6y vacationing in Port enroute
home to-D.C. for reassignment... The Union School is publishing its own
newspaper monthly... The tomb at the palace that someone called a
coffin is in reality a Sarcopbage, a temporary marble resting place which.
Sidas a fad in old Rome. There's nobody inside... Nicole. one of the great
.dancers of Haiti will be the star of this season's Oloffson' Monday night
show... The Spatolas of Philly hauling rock-lobster tails in from Gonave
in a real "wing and a prayer" plane received reinforcement in the form
of a sleek vessel named the Gala. Captained by John Buckley of Nassau.
The Gala arrived Saturday with John Ehling abroad.

,-- PANTAL. Sidq



The biggest town east of Jacmel"from the beautiful yellow flowering
and south of the Cul de Sac is Cassia tree which serve as shade
Saltrou. The origin of the town's for the coffee. The bi-weekly ca-
name is disputable. Some say it m i o n n e tt e serving the capital
comes from the French "dirty creacks past with his happy human
bole", others pointing to the salt load. Many of the people in this
marshes a short distance from the area explain they are recent immi-
town where salt is still obtained grants from Jacmel, Marigot and
for curing the fish exported to neigh- Cayes-Jacmel, that the land they
bouring towns and markets, say are farmnning is government land and
Sal is Spanish for salt and the Trou that- the future looks better. As
is French for hole. you near the coast the countryside

Today in the coffee trees on
neighboring mountains is the pulse
which gives life to Saltrou. This
year- that pulse is quickened with
the expectation of a harvest three
times the size of last year. But
Like every town it has its problems.
In travelling to Saltrou you have
a choice of two alternate routes.
By sail boat from Jacmel or over
a tortuous mountain road from
Port-au-Prince.- The latter is only
recommended in the dry season
for the hardy rubber physique type.
Leaving the capital you strike out
across the Cul de Sac and climb
steeply to the 5,000 feet elevation
of the invigorating "Foret des Pins"
-After catching breathtaking views
of lake Sa'umatre and Enriquillo
one travels through dream-like sur-
roundings in the soothing tempera-
ture for some 30 odd miles. A stop
is made to gaze upon the gorge of
the Riviere Saltrou which cont-
ains the Pichon waterfall. One is
told that a hydro-electric plant and
irrigation for the Mapou plain be-
low have been contemplated by the

As you descend gradually to the
coast you pass ,over the rich soil
of the plain-soil so deep that dur-
ing the rains the road is bottom-
less. The mountains are one conti-
nuous coffee grove glowing golden

When chauffeur-guide Lucien Jean
Pierre discovered a watch on the
back seat of his car after a day
of driving Neuw Amsterdam pass-
engers around he handed it into the.
Tourist office as lost property and
forgot about it.

The Borel watch priced down to $33
(Free Port Price) was traced to
the Le Perchoir shop on Boutillier
where the modern bookkeeping sys--
tern revealed the sale and name
of the purchaser.

The Neuw Amsterdam on a nine
days cruise of the Caribbean was
located at sea between Havana and
-management cabled -asking "Has
anyone lost their watch and what
brand". MNr Me Cabe of Philadel-
phia replied "yes -a borel" and the
case of the missing watch became
a cruise-shil legend. The exchange
of cables cost the LBC $37 and a
deserving but unexpected reward
of a waterproof automatic Nivada
watch for old time chauffeur-guide
Lucien Jean-Pierre.

becomes drier and less populated,
beside the road are stacks of lignum
vitae logs. for shipment by boat to
Jacmel; soon you mount a low
hill which has stretched below it
a lovely panorama: in the fore-
ground a crescent shingle beach
marks the seaward margin of a
bajahonde-clad plain, while in the
distance are imposing cliffs of
gleaming white chalk and the wee
rock island of Colombier. At the
far edge of the plain stretched out

along the sea shore, lies the town.
of Saltrou. With grass growing in
creaks past with his happy human
the main street it sports a moder-
ate number of two-storied building.
A quiet town not outstanding for
the prosperity-or poverty, the loc-
al people tell you it has diminished
in importance since the opening of
the road to Port au Prince as the
coffee instead of being loaded into
sait boats for export to Jacmel is

loaded into camions at interior
buying. posts and transported to
Port au Prince. The sail boat is
too slow and risky for the coffee
speculator of today. But there is
hoped in Saltrou. Their hope is
bound up in the possible coming
of a motorboat service between
Saltrou and Jaemel. Monsieur Da-
vid, the very hospitable toothless
operator of the town's ."ti night
club", says "Tout ce qui arrive
dans la vie est nehessaire."

Stan Swinton, Editor of The Associated Press' General World News
service on a six day vacation with wife Helen at the Oloffson takes time
out to visit AP's Port au Prince bureau.

7 -4"

ws~7?l9d (0^ C-^


Community Weekly Published Sunday Morning
Geinat-Responsable / MAUCLAIR LABISSIERE





!-.. .


(Continued from page I)

held at the Centre d'Art. The Three-
Obins. father, son and brother, will
show for the first time as a group,
representing the Ecole" primitive du
Nord. Robert St. Brice, considered
by many people of discernment to
be one of the major artists of Haiti,
will show for the first time. Bet-
ween these one-man shows -there
will be a series of group exhibi-
Following its extremely success-
ful and well reviewed group exhib-
ition of the artists of the Centre
d'Art, last October ,the Janet Ness-
ler Gallery, 718 Madison Avenue,
New York, will present to the New
York public for the first time on
April 18th' two of Haiti's most dis-
tinguished artists, Antonio Joseph
and Georges Liautaud.
On October 7th, 1960 the Centre
d'Art will open the Philadelphia art
season with an exhibition at the
Newman Galleries, one of the larg-
est and most beautiful art show-
rooms in the United States. It Is
expected that the invitation 8 to
10 preview of this exhibition will
be one of the artistic and social

-highlights of the '59-'60 season in
this great American City. Many
persons are planning to attend this
opening from New York. The show
will include a selection of high qua-,
lity primitive paintings and sculpt-
ure and a special emphasis will be
placed on the three leading non
primitive artists, Luce Turnier, An-
tonio Joseph and Gesner Armand,
each of whom will be represented
by large groups of their works. For
the first time in the United States
the emphasis will be placed on the"
modern' artists of le Centre d'Art.
Robert XV. Coctes writing in the
"New Yorker" last month found
two Manhattan exhibitions of Hai-
tian Works interesting.

Declared Codes: "There are two
exhibitions that complement each
other in a way that I found interest-
ing the showing of paintings and
sculptures by modern Haitian art-
ists, at the Janet Nessler (this
closes on Saturday, October 3rd,
by the way), and the one by Philip
Reisman, mostly also of Haitian
scenes, at the- A.C.A. The sudden

S .he "bourique-age" is 'by no means 'past in Haiti.
While news of IJet flights to the 'Caribbean becomes "old
S stuff" Haiti's gallant little internal 'airline. Cohata, is doing
its very ,best to keep up a schedule to important towns in
h. e provinces with -a single 'DC-3 passenger aircraft.
With the second DC-3 in (Miami for its periodic engine
adhange this week business for many in the provinces' was
P' paralized.
: In Cap-.Haitipn, Hai'ti's second city many passengers were
left stranded. Others 'were forced to make the six hour trip
I .. by roaJd. For the North with dozens of 'new prospective
customers from Point (Four's 'Pote Cdle, the West Indian
Pruit project and the new Sugar 'Mill not to mention the
hundreds of tourist wishing to visit the Citadellle, the acqui-
S I "sition of new passenger aircraft, is now 'absolutely imperative.
Acquiring at least two more DC-3 in 'the U.S. with the
S present dar change over to jets ,should not 'be difficult. '

.In the formation of each citizen there should ,be a sustain-
ed effort on the part 'of the school to make 'him acquire ade-
quate -and indispensable knowledge on 'u lba'nity and civism
S w hiBch may nourish his personality 'with those elements that
make of the individuals civilized human beings and helpful
to society 'and to the country.
In the field of technical or practical training of the mo-
dern youth, including those who dedicate intensely to aca-
demic studies, there is seemingly an albsenrce of adequate
Splas of study in 'connection with urbanity arnd civic educa-
tion. The preceding generations, even though they 'attended
. .- s Bchool with more 'difficulty, found in them o the time to learn
the social rules governing human coexistence and also to
S acquire fundamental knowledge 'on the rights and obliga-
: tions of the citizens.
SPresent day study plan's not always give due importance
to the subjects of urbanity 'and civics, which 'are so necess-
S ary to convert the boy 'or the addole'scent into a person cap-
able of behaving decorously in 'his social life, in :his relations
with others, and of being 'a responsible citizen, conscious
of his rights and of his obligations..
(Perthaips the regrettable deficiernices that are evident as
a result of the lack of dedication to these subjects may serve
to make timely rectifications, in order that the imperious
need to stress on this 'kind of studies in school programs
may be understood. Only that ,way 'can each individual 'be
changed into 'an element prepared to Ibehave in society in
a civilized way 'and who, 'besides, knows what the country
is as a spiritual value and what the Refpublic is as 'a political
institution. I
Haiti's needs for both industrial and domestic fuel are now met chiefly
through wasteful, indiscriminate .burning of wood. It is impossible to
evaluate in any precise manner even the approximate amount of wood
that thus goes to waste. It is imperative that the ruinous practice of
charcoal making which is commonly adhered to in the Haitian country-
side and which contributes to the appealling deforestation and resulting
soil erosion should be changed in harmony with the rational reforestation
a conservation policy.
There are cheap, simple, and efficient methods for converting wood
and woodwaste into -charcoal, together with several valuable by-products.
In the development of rural industries for production of construction
materials the combination of charcoal burning with lime production in
small integrated units have been suggested. Other combinations, e.g.,
the integration of small gasogene plants with such modest industries
of importance for rural living as pottery kidns and small bakeries, are
also worth considering. Study should be made. to determine the most
appropriate types of gasification and carbonization units, as well as the
best locations for such units throughout the country.
The possibility of converting the energy of the prevailing winds into
power should be given special consideration. In many countries wind
is utilized by means of Inexpensive installations for direct pumping of
water or for performing industrial operations which do not, require con-
tinuous supply of energy. Where this is called for, small electrical gener-
ators can be attached to the wind wheels. Such units have been devised
and exist in the market. The installation for utilization of the wind power

* .?

have proved successful and inexpensive in use, can be widely distributed
and are simple to operate.
Systematic assembly, preparation, and recording of meteorological
data and installation of experimental wind utilization units in different,
parts of the country, with a view to selection of the most appropriate
types for use in Haiti, have been recommended by -the. United Nations
Mission to Haiti (19-19).

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upsurge of art in tiny Ha- iW'.
phenomenon that has long Qintti
me, for in the past couple -of-
ades it has produced an a
talent that would be a"eCredit to a.
nation ten times the size. .

More than that, the affairsk it the
Nessler indicates that a second ge- .
neration of painters is coming to-
maturity in that little dbuntry,.-since-
of the two dozen artists on the rost-.,.'"
er only six -among them Philozme
Obin, Wilson Bigaud, and Casteid:
Bazile- are veterans of the origa
al renaissance. If the rest areno
quite so exuberantly talented, th
are still quite respectable in .tB
accomplishment. In a few case' i
they are a shade too accomplished"'

Antdnio Joseph, for instance, eee '"i -
to be stranded, for the moment ati-
.least, in that twilight zone tweenj.;
the naive and the truly-profession'
al, as does Bourmnond Byron, xvi)'
his "Invocation". There mare other :
pieces, though, like Pauleus Vital's.-
picture of a gang of laborers Workl
ing in tune to a pep-up-band called':N.
"'Coumbite (Work Music)", .and Ro-
bert At. Brice's savage, symbol i
"Tete," that still have much of the t.%
old high-stepping extravagance, and.-
the same, can be said, in the'casei-J
of the small group of sculptures, of-'.
Georges Liautaud's "Six Persons"
and Winged Devil."






Work Stepped Up On Irrigating Artibonite
By PETER KISS Of The New York Times
B 0 R EL, Haiti, Nov. 7.-Bareiegged Haitian peasants water start moving swiftly again. ir pays for crops in the land tak-"it is preparing four livestock feed
r wade at work today in paddies of green ritc plants where Nearly one-third of the total gro- en over, and takes the first year's silos at St Marc, and will put up
pnv th yerhre were creasinl sa srt ejected' irrigation area of 35,000 hect- profits or ,losses. The peasants keep a new slaughter hobse. It carri
ony t ee years go ere were, increasingly salty es acres had been desert. Irrigation working the land with ODVA seeds on social welfare, including
specked with 'caitus and mesquite. water has been turned on such and fertilizers, and will get 60 per schools to teach literacy to ..aidult
land for fifteen days at a time, cent of the crop in ensuing years. water and sanitation improve nt
This is the dramatic change that washing its salt down into the clear- Livestock and poultry demonst- for villages, and school fr ,voc-
has come over the Artibonite Valley Development Organization (ODVA ed drainage canals. rations are being introduced at Bois tionpl education. *
near Trois Bornes here. The Ar- by French initials), has been gven The process has then been renew- Dehors with 1,001 hogs, worth $20,-. The Artibonite peasants have b
tibonite project -denounced by all a free hand by President Francois ed for another fifteen days, and 000, and 100,000 baby chicks, of quick to profit by examplee'd o' LW.
-sides in the 1957 Presidential camp- Duvalier to work for efficiency, m- then rice, a relatively .salt-resistant, the same value, donated free to portunity. Mr .Lurent says:- i
ign as a multi-tnillion-dollEr fizzle stead of politics. I crop, has been put in. ODVA by the Heifer project, of income' already reaches 595'A pe
and conduit for graft- is throbbing On the job at Valley headquarters Rice ilds have grown from an Woindsor, Md......... ODVA is sel- son a year. All .Haiti's per-capta'
with new life and paying returns since October, 1958, he slashed the initial 2,000 pounds a hectare -a ling these to growers, along with income is only $65. "
to Haiti. staff from 1,200 to a low of 600. It' hectare is 2.47 acres- to ',000, 200 dutks it has bought from Unite' ODVA is running on a Vo'.
The overall power and irrigation has now again expanded to 800' pounds, even without fertilizers States growers to bolster fish pond, budget this year, and n addit .
-project, once envisioned as Haiti's with the start of construction under. still to come. Fast-growing vanrie- demonstrations. has just borrowed $500,000 J1or, is
Tennessee Valley Authority, has a new United States loan to finish ties gie two crops a year. qDVA also has a rice-processing, development works from ae'.di
*, never gotten any .electricity origin- irrigation itorks. e It cost ODVA $60 a hectare to mill at .Dezeau, and plans veget- organization set up under tPeUite ..
.g"lly .planned from its 120-foot-high nMr Laurent, 35 years old, is a reclaim such I'and. Present rice able canning plant at Pont-Sonde, States technical aid progrnam.p' -
..Peligre Dam. master in agricultural economics: crops are bringing $400 a. hectare. -- '
This is despite Haitian spending fronf the University of California The rice also required. a fight NEW INDUSTRIAL MORTGAGI ,
of $30,000,000 so far, mostly through in Berkeley, married to an Ameri- against rats, which had so thrived BANK OPENS
United States loans, as against an can Wit he met at the university. as to become a national scandal. The Haitian Mortgage Bahk has that one of the major .problmi ';
Original project estimate of $14,000,- Working with him are five United With help from a United States In- taken over the old local of .the Na- here is the problem of unepl
000 in 1951. There are three idle States International Cooperation Ad- teror. Department expert, ODVA tional BIank of Haiti and is expected ment. However,:in spite of the'strJ.,: .
32,000-kilowatt generators on hand, ministration experts headed by Nor- wiped out 80 percent of the rats to commence operations shortly. ing '16w standard of living ail'.,:.
but Haitians estimate it would cost man Ward.- His ODVA technical dir- by setting out poison bait. President Dr. Francois Duvaler ing in this country, Hat -
an unavailable $7,000,000 more to sector is another American, Charles presided over the inauguration last you .believe it? 'is rch ich
I finish the electricity, phases. B. Wiggin. The organization has ODVA aims to avoid one-crop wek. her man-power, richmby .vi
S.Irrigation. and drainage canals, retained an American engineering dependence. It has rented and ev- ith incorporated capital of over. and intelligence of her people "
however, have, given an upsurge to concern, with twelve technicians on yelled 150acres of former rolling a million gourdes the Bank has Mr The main objective of the Mor1-
:'the entire area in which 102,000 in- -the scene, to supervise the final banana lands at Moreau des ,les, J.J. Berkowitz of Miami Florida as gage Bank is to create employment
Shabitants dwell crowded on 200 irrigation construction. and. with Point 4 aid begun plant acting President and Clemard 'Jo- or these people, to give them
square miles. One of Mr Laurent's first moves ing' tomatoes pnd other vegetables seph Charles the active Haitian housing, to assure them income that
-' s 'Garvey Laurent, administrator of here was a basic one cleaning as demonstration crops aimed at businessman as Executive Vice- wil enable them to support pp
'the government's Artibonite alley Iout clogged drainage canals to let the United States winter market' resident and Director. The *Con- families and healthy children. TheL-('

I. ernationa D n e .- Miami Friday. cated not for the rich, but for
International Dinner |,^ ifeay adre t.
oiledbe 1se atr our major ari.Theg.
S"of Directors of the Bank It was an- rooney e .Bank makes herewi
e lsbe re-invested in the country -
nt a a of P ie Foand Iueda o n that betta r housing and factory'-
". 's A t Sn s s ocig t d Mr lJ..pennethe active a tweawn rorn onesoe .,t
v A Mr J.Jeneth Ed" a we o or g editions 'will always. bea,
NOVEMBER 21st 7 p.m. g the bank. In agui o inale th a e Dir
S r speech lire stated: ae. tors and empltyees of'the Mortgag..e
RaiserFbrG ner L H o-al "Fiieids and neighbours are the ankymsp-ye t he ga
k Aoterms I would like to use in .add Af er Ailities in order. thdi itei
l. M a tern itty arl W n r'o ucssa ctgannt becopeie' I-es.
dedication of the International Bank: Our success canot be ct mples.
1 iM ,e r at s ofricinds because of the, warm sym- witi ,ot vour help, Mr. President.
." Tifckets AvaiaJle h san time, we have experienced.'
,lo ,1,,e ,a.v 2.Ct .he shqrt .,ste-, the rst ex-etended assistance 'frotnir,('
neighbours.,because of the,sh. r dist- You and Your Government. We d.o ,
.'. A t H otel SJnS, ancen. between .you r country and hope that the -same cooper.a .ur
2 & ours. will ever be ours for the benett i'.0 '
PNSORBED BY THE AMERICAN WOMEN'S ASSN QF HII) A survey : even sight, ewiereveal elo s o aititnpeoples .m .
Thank you for your' presendbi.,"
T which is the evidence of your in- ..
terest in our efforts. .,


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E] 6 '" "]HfAITI,SUN" SUNDAY, NOV. 15TH, 195

German Auto Group Open New

Tourist Horizon.i

Haiti can expect increasing numb-
ers of European visitors as a re-
sult of the pioneer tour ot sixty-one
members of the German Automobile
club the organizers of the trip Tra-
vdltyme of New York indicated in
correspondence received this week.
The German group lodged here

The SS "CRISTOBAL" of the Pa-
nama, Line arrived from New
York at 7:.00 a.m., November 14th,
'On board are a total' of 130 pass-
engers of which the following 33
disembarked at Port au Prince:
Mrs. Dantes Destirnoble Adee, Mr
& Mrs L. P. Aggerholm, Mr. Chris-
tian Aime, Miss Claire Albert, Mr
& iMrs Charles C. Drysdale. Dr
Gerard Frederique, Mrs Vera Gal-
lup, Mr & 'Mrs C. J. Glassman,
Miss Arista Hubert, Mrs Louis P.
Jacob, "Miss Rose Kincaid, Mrs
Martha Laney- & 3 children 12, 11,
8 years, M'r ;Christianne Louis, Mr
& Mi's' Thomas Moore, Mrs Fannie
F. Nierling,. Mr Leon Noel, Mr.
Pradel Pompilus, Mr & Mrs Jack
D. V. Reeve,' Mrs Therdse Sada &
son, 12 Yrs., Mrs dith Sassihe,
Miss Eileen Scanlon, Miss Margue-
rite Scanlon. Mr ,Salvadore Stella-
cio, Miss Rita Viau.

at Hotels Choucoune and Montana it the Red Rose maison on Avenue .
for the longest stopover during their John Brown. .
trip through the Caribbean voted SAW OLD FRINDS
Haiti the high spot. They were im- SAW OLD FRItEN eDS
pressed by the large number of Dr. Fritz Leibl, chief surgeon at
German speaking Haitians, whom the Marien hospital-in Cologne was
they niet at a reception tendered surprised to meet an old friend ot
by their Minister and Mrs Luedde his student days (24 years ago) Dr
Neurath. The German Minister and Otto Siebert DPH consultant physi-
his wife also accompanied the vi- an forth WHO in Hat. The .or-
sitors on a trip to Sand Cay by mer students of Wuerzburg Univer-
launch aand swimming. sity celebrated their reunion at Ho-
tel Choucoune Roof Garden.

Many of the Germans were im- Esslingan textile tycoon Otto Zim-. '
pressed by old Haitian gingerbread merman %was a member of the.par-.'*
architeture model Angelika Zehet- ty. All were equipped with at least
bauer (At left) took time out to vis-, one movie and still camera each..

5 Cruises Cancel Calls At Havana:
Growing hppreheosion over anti- day that they were watching 'the
American feeling in Cuba by West Cuban situation closely. .
Indies cruise passengers has re-

suited so far in the cancellation

of five scheduled cruise ship calls
by three companies at Havana. Se-
verai will call in'Port-au-Prince in-

At least two other major Lines
are expected .to bypass the Cuban
capital. In addition, all the operat-
ors of luxury liner tonnage on- wint-
er voyages -to the Caribbean from
the Port of New York said yester-



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This developmeQt has grown oQt
of reports of unrest in Havana.
These have brought letters .from ,.-
prospective passengers expressing .
anxiety and concern over .being ;
ashore in Cuba this winter.. As a
result, alternate itineraries are be-
ing developed by cruise operators. .

The steamship lines that have can-
celed calls at Havana are the Swed- ,.
ish American, the Cunard and the
Grace Lines.

The Swedish company has ann- .
ounced that "because the unfortin-, -
ate publicity. coming out .of Havana. *.
has caused consternation among
passengers" it was decided to ell- .
min'ate stops at Havana on three
voyages by the liners Kungsholm .
and Gripsholm. The sallings are. :'
those of Nov. 19, Dec. 19 and Jan.6.' ,

On the Dec. 19 cruise of the Grips- :"
holm calls at Georgetown, Grand ':
Cayman Island and' -Nassau, the, ..:
Bahamas, will be substituted. On-".'
the two other trials vessels, will call';
at -Port-au-Prince, Haiti, and Nas-.,
sau instead. *

The Cunard Line said .yesterday
that the routing of the Mauretama.
for her eighteen-day cruise-oni.Feb.5.
25 would ,be changed and that the
vessel would -call at Kingston,' Ja
maica. .
Other Stops Slated ..

A study of cruise" folders issued:
by the Giace Line showed that the '
Santa Rosa, sailing. from, here- on'n.-'
Dec. 18 on a fifteen-day trip, will.
omit the Cuban capital and -will'.
stop instead at Port-au-Prince .and .'M

A spokesman for the North "Ger-. .1
man Lloyd said here yesterday that \
a final decision on cruise routings /'
for the liner Berlin for her Dec. 23
cruise and two sailings of'the Bre-.-
men in February would ,be-inade d.
today. He added that Kingstpn
been selected for the Berlin .bt t~
no ruling had been made as et..
for the alternate ports for tae.B)'
men. ,

The Holland-America Line;6
yesterday that the question:of
ting Havana from the winter
schedules was under. consider*
and that a decision would' be.ia
"very soon". It could mitls.
elimination of eight calls t
port on voyages by- the lii's
tendam, Nieuw Amsterdam udn.
Rotterdam between 'a.' 5_,ii
March 25. .

Spokesmen for other" 'eis
they too might .cancel calls ati
vana in the event paB
tion should grow worse.. --- .- -,
,: :

|qAY NO."5Hf15 hAT Sj PG

SDo Your


in Haiti

It is getting so that people are
Staking vacations as much to
S.-shop as to play golf, lounge in
the sun or just relax. And, no
wonder when you consider the
:. savings to be had through Free
':.Port-Shopping. A couple who
formallyy might spend $500 on
:'. Christmas gifts finds they can
'buythe same gifts, in free-port
..shops, at savings up to 60% of.
U. S. prices. So, for the $250
or so they save, they enjoy a
i wonderful vacation in Haiti.
i perhaps the most famous free-
port shop in the world is La
^ Belle Creole. located, in the
'heart of fascinating Port-au-
Prince, Haiti. Here one can
r2 -: find a veritable wonderland
.-full of the world's most de-
; sired merchandise. Swiss wat-
', ches, Cshmeres, Handmade
bags, Gloves, Crystal, China,
Silver, French Perfumes, Ca-
meras, Li4uours and a seem-
ingly endless array of native
handicraft make La Belle
'Creole more a shopping cen-
ter than a ordinary shop. Con-
: a rider that one can bp.y the
world's most famous Swiss
watches Patek Philippe,
Omega, Ulysse Nardin, Tissot,
Nivada, Jaeger Le Coultre,
-Borel, Juyeia, Audemars Pi-
guet-at discounts of 50% of
Sthe U. S. advertised prices,
-";.and it is, no wonder that La
i elle Creole is famous. The
S.m e applies in China, Crystal
',-, nd the rest every fine brand
S' represented. Before buying
expensive watch it might
well worth your time to
4.^ .nsider a trip to HIaiti,
.-A. NV ustas, President of La
Belle.Creole and Haiti's most
S vgorous promoter of tourism,
i perhaps another reason for
n the. surge in popularity of
., free:port shopping. His ad-
V.ettsing in. support of travel- has appeared in most
leading U. S, publications and
I he continue to pursue a po.
.I cy of cooperating with tra-
Vel agents in their various
.. .- lom9ions 'to increase tou-
.. '-bm. Among the most popular
i. innovations he has created is
he practice of sending a bot-
tie oft free champagne to any
-i itor to Haiti who happens
to be celebrating a wedding
Sanniversary or to be on a
i oneymoon.
5 ,. year La Belle Creole is
I se. f celebrating a 10th an-
S;aiv;ersary and Al Noustas has
o* -Aubled. his efforts "to make
e world 'conscious of the
S'.'.advartages of traveling-to-
0hlop.- The store will hold a
tw.. month long sale offering
:even greater discounts on fa-
Pnotuu brand merchandise.
i ryday. exclusive items will
A i- elected to be sold to visi-
-ors at prices that -wall as-
f..toImd them. No doubt thou-
S.ands of tourists this year will
_a^i oe home from vacations in
i ,.-richer, in a way, than
S*' they went away.
Si .:: ,;, .
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OAY, NOV. 15TH, 1959





mO x.,CA NON




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Collect's le


--~~ 'olto' lem"


SUNDAY, NOV. 15TH, 1959

*. 'A


4 "


I'.-'1.' *,

By Charles NUTTER
The Louisiana Purchase, by which
the struggling young United States
acquired all or part of seventeen
states by purchase from France for
$15,000,000 in 1803, was the third
greatest event in the republic's his-
tory, ranking directly behind the
Declaration o f Independence and
the framing of the Constitutiorf. It
doubled the size and multiplied
many times the power of the new
nation, and completely changed its
history since it meant the inevitable
expansion to the Pacific Ocean and
domination of the hemisphere by
free, liberty-loving and progressive
people who were united.
The Purchase was the United
States' greatest diplomatic triumph,
the greatest, strangest real estate
bargain in ail history. It marked
the beginning of the end of New
World colonies, and laid the scene
for the Monroe Doctrine. It was a
great "accident of history" quite
unforeseen even a month before it





A trip to Europe in the wonderful world of Pan American
.. what a glorious family holiday! There's so much to
see and do in the Old World-famods art collections,
historic monuments, superb cuisine-don't deny your
family this wonderful opportunity!

Now, in addition to London, Paris and Rome, Pan
American extends its Jet service from New York to
seven more cities Amsterdam, Frankfort, Cologne,
Dusseldorf, Brussels, Hamburg and Copenhagen. And
Pan American offers 48 Jet flights weekly to and from
Europe, many of these non-stop on the new Inter-
continental Jet Clippers*

Remember that during the economy season hotel rates
are much\ lower. And for a family traveling together,
hotels and restaurants offer special rates.

With Pan Amn's Family Plan only one member of the
family pays full fare. All others save up to $300 (dollars)
each, depending on class of travel. This means on a
holiday to Paris, for example, a family of five can save
up to $1,200 (dollars)
For details seeiyour Travel Agent or Pan American.

The story of the Louisiana Purch-
ase is the story of many men and:
events besides Toussaint and Liv-
ingston. They were Napoleon, Tal-
leyrand, Jefferson, Madison, MIon-
roe, Barbe MVfarbois, the Mississippi
River flatboaters, Haitian freed-
men,. British diplomats and Ame-
rican politicians.
The territory had been a constant
drain on the French and Spanish
for 250 years, but has flowered
through American industry, capital
and labor into the richest area in
the whole world.
The original Louisiana consisted
of the entire territory drained by

was made. It established the United
States qs a world power and fact-
or for peace, and was a great mil-
estone in history, significant far
beyond general knowledge of the
The Purchase" was cradled in St.
Domingue, or modern day Haip,
and the chief architect, for whom
no credit ever was given, was Hai-
ti's most notable soldier and states-
man Toussaint Louverture who wip-
ed out a proud Napoleonic army
sent there to subjegate the Haitians,
and thus broke the back of Napo-
leon's dream of colonial empire.
Within the year the proud Corsican
was willing to let Louisiana go to
the Americans at a giveaway price
while the great negro leader, who
led him into that cul-de-sac, was
left to die in a frigid French pri-
son, forsaken and forgotten.
It is no coincidence that the anni-
versary of thdie Louisiana Purchase
and Haitian Independence fall with-
in months of each other for they

stemmed from the same root, de-
feat of the great French army un-
der General Leclerc, and his death
from yellow fever late in 1802.
Toossaint, the most remarkable ne-
gro in history, correctly saw through
Napoleon's flattery and sensed his
aim to restore slavery to Haiti.
-Although deserted by the United
States, whom he had befriended,
and backed only by his disciplined
army of ex-slaves whom he had
trained, he fought Leclerc's crack
French army to a stand-still and
eventual annihialition.
"Rid us of these gilded Africans
and we shall have nothing more
to desire", Napoleon wrote Leclerc
in July, 1802, adding "my intention
is to take possession of Louisiana
in the shortest time possible". He
ordered preparation of a large army
in Europe to sail for Louisiana to
take possession of thip territory
which he had won back in tricky
diplomacy from Spain. He planned
to' build a great French colonial
empire there, and had he done so
the whole history of Europe, might
have been changed for his restless
energy might have been absorbed
in the New World Colonization in-
stead of European wars.
The United States would have
been hemmed in on the west by
the Mississippi River as it was at
that time, and never would have
become a continental power united
from ocean to ocean.
Toussaint changed all that when
he met Leclerc with resistance on
the shores of Haiti. Six months lat-
er Napoleon's favorite brother-in-
law was dead of yellow fever, and
when this news reached Napoleon
early in 1803 it coincided with A
militant attitude by the Americans
against Spanish closure of the Port
of New Orleans, and imminent re-
sumption of Napoleon's war with
England, with- no way of protecting
or holding Louisiana. To save face"
and revenge himself against the
hated British, Napoleon sold Loui-
siana to the Americans in a casual
transaction hastily and nnexpect-
edly arranged in Paris in April,
1803 and consummated in New Or-
leans December 20, 1803 with trans-
fer of almost 1,000,000 square miles
of land won without spilling a drop
of blood.
Since the free enterprise system
is the first, most direct and most
useful by-product of American uni-
on, strength and freedom,, the Loui-
siana Purchase marked the beginn-
ing of the free enterprise system.
The Purchase is also the story of
another great and little known man,
Robert R. Livingston, called "the
wisest man of his day" by Presid-
ent Thomas Jefferson, a great com-
pliment considering the magnitude
of his contemporaries.
Alone and with no authority or
power to do so, knowing full well
his decision would change world
history as well as that of the United
States and would be difficult to
ratify and to finance, Livingston
nevertheless acted with courage,
decision and without delay in a six
hour period that transformed Ame-

the Mississippi River and all of
its tributaries, approximately two-
thirds of the United States, ,and wag
made up of all or parts of thirty-
one stares spread from New Yoik,
Pennsylvania, Maryland and Virg-
inia westward to Idaho and Monk
The Louisiana area never flower-
ed under either France or Spain,
and indeed was a financial headache
to both countries throughout the
two and a half centuries they con-
trolled it. Governor General Cadil-
lac Jooked the place over and told
Grozat that "This whole continent
is not worth having." Crozat disre-
garded this advice and accepted
as a gift the trading rights of all
Louisiana. more than two thirds
of present United States, but found
it too expensive and troublesome
and surrendered the grant in less
than five years. The India or John
Law Company lost twenty million
dollars in expensive schemes to de-
velop the commerce under charter-
ed privileges. It was conceded that
the French government squandered
over forty million of livres in co-
Ionization efforts in Louisiana.
The truth was that in 1800 Loui-
siana still was a colonial pawn of
European politics, little appreciated,
poorly. developed and settled,' and
of actual small intrinsic value to the
governments of Spain and France
which had passed it back and forth
in accordance with whims of their

President Thomas Jefferson had
come into office in 1801 and had
ded Loui- dispatched Livingston to Paris as
et treaty, Minister with instructions to clar-
nsequence ify the situation at New Orleans
other than by blocking if he could the retro-
.' Napole- cession of Louisiana to France, by
e it back convincing the French that the city
ret treaty of New Orleans .and the Floridas
wdqe valueless to them and should
ates had '. (Continued on page 9)







., ,I

iAnTV 0

- Z?~~AZ4 a

A Haiti Victory Gave U.S. Louisiana

succeeded in getting a five year
treaty with Spain giving the United
States the right of deposit at New
Orleans which was essential to set-
tlement of the western area of the
thirteen colonies. The right of barg-
es and ships to exchange their car-
goes at the mouth of the Mississippi
River was essential to the develop-
ment of mid-United States, New Or-
leans was the key to the Mississippi
and the Mississippi Valley must ei-
ther be in the hands of the United
States or a friendly nation if it was
ever to develop middle-America.
"There is on the globe one single
spot, the possession of which is our
natural and habitual enemy that
being New Orleans," President Jef-
ferson declared.

Spanish mistakes helped to .crys-
tallize the situation for in 1802 the
Spanish intendant Morales suspend-
ed the new-lapsed deposit rights,
inflaming the west and inciting se
rious and inflammatory talk of war.
Congress spent weeks discussing an
appropriation of five million dollars
and raising- of an army to move
on New Orleans and seize it. Jef-
ferson thundered: "We must know
at once whether we can acquire
New Orleans or not. We are satis-
fied nothing else will secure us
against a war. The future destinies
of our country hang on the event
of this negotiation."

October 15 through March 1/

Weis brWis desagreables p
^nMMu5 <. 4la consfrucioui t694.
CaItioa Sams Chanib Id

M aurm pSm

r -. a we


Rue Dantes Destouches-Port au Prince-Tel: 3451 -

iwp A~. %.ftmma


- ^ ;.,'... ;.^

In 1762 France had cec
siana to Spain in a secr
Spain did nothing of coi
to develop the territory o
occpation of New Orleans
on coerced "Spain to cede
to France in another seci
in 1800.
In 1795 the United St

SUNDAY, NOV. 15TH, 1959


A Haiti Victory Gave U.S. Louisiana
(Continued from page 8)

be given to the United States, to abandonment of the enterprise." but if I am obliged to give it up,
get permanent rights of deposit or, Thus began the crucial month of it shall hereafter cost more to those
if possible, to buy the city of New April, 1803,- during which everything who force me to part with it, than
Orleans. A Congressional grant of was concluded and arranged, even those to whom I yield it. The En-
-$2,000,000 was made for -the latter though it took many more months glish have successfully Urken frqm
purpose. to ratify the transactions, and sev- France; Canada, Cape Breton, New-
'* At this juncture, the United States eral years to "sell" the Purchase foundland, Nova Scotia, and the
4: -would have settled for the perman- to the American people, and to con- richest portions of Asia. They are
e 'ent Fight for joint use of New Or- vince the governments of Great engaged in exciting troubles in St.
leans for transshipment of river and Britain and Spain that the Purch- Domingo. They shall not have "the
ocean commerce. ase was legal and must be respect- Mississippi, which they covet. Loui-
ed. *, siana is nothing in comparison with
Livingston was one of the great- Each day made history during their conquests in all parts of the
-est Americans of all time, and his this eventful April. Livingston had globe, and yet the jealousy they
choice by Jefferson was a fortunate builded far better than he knew, feel at the restoration of this col-
.one. Livingston accepted the post and coincidental events had set the ony to the sovereignty of France,
as Minister to France because he stage for the final act. Leclerc was acquaints me with their wish to
wanted to learn how to be a better dead, Napoleon had lost Haiti ir- take possession of it ,and it is thus
farmer. He felt that residence and retrievably, he faced an immediate they will begin the war. They have
study in Europe was necessary to war with England well knowing twenty vessels in the Gulf of Mexi-
learn improved scientific farming that protection of' distant American co. and oul' affairs in St. Domingo
methods in practice there, and he colonies without great naval forces are daily getting worse since the
wanted to import these ideas and was impossible, and he had no death of Leclerc. The conquest of
practices to the United States. such forces. He desperately needed Louisiana rnig't be easily made,
All during 1802 Livingston work- money, he had thought well of the and I have not a moment to lose
ed diligently on his mission, writ- retrocession but some of his. mnist- in putting it out of their reach. I
ing memorials, consulting with off- ers had debated earnestly with him am not sure but what they have
icials and laying groundwork of op- against it, probably influenced by already begun an attack upon it.
I position to colonization of Louisia- Livingston's earnest and convincing Such a measure would be in accord-
na, and attempting to -purchase propaganda. ance with their habits, and, in their
INew Orleans and West-Florida. In April 10th of 1803 was Easter place, I should not wait. I am in-
September he told Secretary of Sunday. Napoleon was at St. Cloud 'lined, it' order to deprive, them
State Madison: "There never was where he had summoned Count of all prospect of ever possessing
a government in which less can be Barbe-Marbois and Due Denis De- it, to cede it to the United States.
-done by negotiation. There are no cres, his Ministers of Finance,'Navy Indeed, I can hardly say that I
people, no legislature, ho councill- and Colonies. After a general re- shall cede it, for I do not yet pos-
ors. One man is everything. His view of world events, and the French sess it, and if I wait but a short
ministers are mere clerks, and his position Napoleon arose, and with time, my enemies may leave noth-
legislature and -councillors but par- the earnestness of a conqueror, said: ing but 'an empty title to grant to
ade officers. All reflecting men are "I am fully sensible of the value the Republic I wish to conciliate.
opposed to the wild expedition to 6f Louisiana, and it was my desire They only ask for one city of Lou]-
Iobuisiana, but no man dares tell to repair, the error of the French siana, but I consider the whole
Napoleon so. But I am persuaded diplomatists who abandoned it in country lost, and I believe that in
that the Whole will end in relin- 1762. I have scarcely received it the hands of this rising power it
4quishment of the country an before I run the risk of losing it; will'be more useful to the political

and even the commercial interests
of France, than If I should attempt
to retain it. Let me have both your
opinions on the subject."
The next day Napoleon said to
Marbois ,"The season for delibera-
tion is over. I have determined to
renounce Louisiana. I shall not only
give up New Orleans, but the whole
country without reservation. I
do not undervalue Louisiana.*" I
regret parting with it, but I am con-
\inced that it would be folly to
persist in trying to keep it. I com-
mission you, therefore, to negotiate
this affair with the envoys of. the
United States."*

Talleyrand opposed the sale: but
was first to break the news to Liv-
ingston that day, although casually.
They met socially and as always
Livingston was importuning Talley-
rand to consider turning New O'-
leans over to the United States when
suddenly Talleirand turned to him
and said: "How would you like to
buy all of Louisiana?"
The idea started Livingston who
was unprepared for its implicat-
ions, and he replied the United
States sought only to purchase. New
Orleans. Talleyrand told him to
think it over. Then he met Barbe-
Marbois and negotiations continued
without delay.

"What are .the boundaries?" Liv-
ingston asked Talleyrand at one
stage of proceedings. "I don't
know," Talleyrand replied, and
again pleaded ignorance when ask-
ed wpat was being sold. "Do you
mean we are to construe this in
our own way," Livingston persist-

ed. "I can give you no direction,"
Talleyrand replied. "You have made
a noble bargain for yourselves and
I supose you will make the most
of it."
Indeed Talleyrand made clear he,
did not even know if France could
deliver the territory if it was sold,
as Spain still held it in her possess-
ion. But Livingston later told Ma-
dison: "I was willing to take it
in any form."
Although their fellow Americans
were slow to realize significance of
their action, Livingston and Mon-
roe were conscious of the greatness
of this event when they signed the
treaty, and so was Napoleon. At
(Continued on page.tO).



- 41



~ -'4

I ~i;~





4 *-






(Continued from page 9)

that time Livingston made this sta- ly increased opportunities and res- to his commissioners at once. When
tement: "We have lived long, but ponsibility, it changed the whole word came that the Purchase might
-,this is the noblest work of our policy, of the nation in every way. be "lost" unless ratified. quickly,
"whole lives. The treaty which we It met furious resistance from he summoned Congress into special
have just signed has not been ob- Spain and from England., session for mid-October.
tainted by art or dictated by force; The British were in fact outfitt-
equally advantageous to the two ing an expedition to proceed to Despite the opposition the treaty,
contracting parties, it will change take over Louisiana at the very was ratified in late October, 1803,
vast solitudes into flourishing dis- hour that the Treaty was signed. and the conventions providing the
tricts. From this day the United The American negotiators had not money-approved in Coflgress in No-
-' States take their place among the an hour to lose, as it developed, vember. John Quincy Adams, who
powers of the first rank4**. and they well knew this fact. Je- later was to become president of
And Napoleon said: "This access- ferson also quickly sensed this fact the United States. opposed ratifi-
sion of territory strenghtens forev- as well, and while at first he was cation. Four more negative votes
., er the power of the United States; taken aback by the fact of the would have killed the treaty and
i and I have just given to England Purchase when word finally reach- lost the territory, but Jefferson car-
?-: a maritime rival, that will sooner ed Washington in mid-July of 1803, tried the day.
or later humble her pride. The day he did not pause long, particularly
may come when the cession of after Livingston sent word that Na- On November 30 of that year
Louisiana to the United States shall poleon might back out of the treaty Spain returned Louisiana to France
render the Americans too powerful if ratification didn't follow quickly. and twenty days later, on December
I for the continent of Europe." Jefferson at first believed the 20, 1803, the French flag in the
The Purchase meant a complete Purchase was unconstitutional. He Place d'Arme in New Orleans
change in policy for the United Sta- consulted his attorney general to (Jackson Square) was lowered and
tes as it doubled American terri- see if it would be necessary to pass the American flag raised for the
'i tory and carried the nation west to -enabling legislation before ratifica- first time over vast areas west of
,-the Rocky Mounfains. It 'meant vast- tion, but he gave his approbation the great 'Mississippi River.

W 41


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SUNDAY, .NOV. 15T 19 "


Thinking of Haiti, you may never
follow with a thought of porcelain,
but you should! For living or visit-
ing Haiti makes you one of the
luckiest people in the whole Carib-
bean areas as far as porcelain is
concerned. For you have the largest
collection of world famous porcel-
ains rigpt here on your own Rue
Bonne Foi than n any of the rest
of the Caribbean ports. Isn't that
something? Makes you want to go
right out and take advantage of
it. Needlesss to say we think you'd
be wise if you did for you'll not
only find a great variety in select-
ion, but all price tags are decided-
ly free .port ones so buying por-
celain is quite a bargain too.
Dinnerware and silver probably
more than any other "Hospitality"
item reflect the personal good taste
of their owner. And most certainly
the choice of dinnerware is the more
important, time-consuming one, for
once you have decided on the par-
ticular pattern you want to eat with
for years to come, you choose silv-
er to company or accent it. Choos-
ing porcelain was once one of the
most important decisions a young
bride or prospective b r i d e pould
make, but not so today when the'
porcelain remains the same high
quality, but the price is so much
better. Today you might even think
of having a second set and not con-
sider it luxurious living. But one
set or two, you'll naturally blend
your dinnerware with the rest of
your mode of living and that alone
makes it quite a problem.
Do you favor the traditional table
with it's silver candlesticks and
floral centerpiece, or the table that
leans to the Victorian times with a
good deal of "busy-ness" about it,
or are yours the cool modern views
that belong in the contemporary
home? It doesn't matter which pic-
ture you fit into, for you'll find
any number of patterns designed
to please in each category. There
is the beautiful Spode.Chinese plate
with oriental gold trimming for the

traditional home, or the exquisite
Rosenthal treasure and electric
blue and rich creamy plate with
14 carat gold work. The Victorian
miss will dote on any number of
the all-over flower garden plates...
and she'll especially love the de- '
licate flared cups with their thin. ,
-curving handles. C o 1 o r s will be '-
light-hearted and many, and the r
pattern will keep your eye moving
all over the plate. The modern miss., ,
wipes a clean plate with little de-
sign so she'll choose a pattern .
by Bernardaud of Limoges, France
perhaps. They're cleverly pff-cent, '
er and there is usually a single leaf,
maybe two, never more. Or she'll-'.
choose the square shaped plates
that also mark their mistress as
being contemporary minded... then
too, she might, prefer a bit more
dolor,and will enjoy the pastel tint-
ed line drawings of a romantic
rendez-vous spot designed by Ros-
enthal. It's as gay as a Vertes
sketch pad, and just as appealing,
Note too the many, many patterns
by the world's most famous names
that will blend, into almost any pe-
riod.... and they come in so many
different colors and combinations
that you'll surely find just the tone
you, prefer.
Remember, no matter what your
taste, your whim, or your pocket
book... there is .a pattern of fine
porcelain waiting for you at LA
BELLE CREOLE... where you'll
find the biggest porcelain collection
in the entire Caribbean area. Take
advantage of this tomorrow and
start your porcelain set, -add -to one
you've already begun, or even pick. .
up a coming anniversary present .
in the form of porcelain for some-
one very special!

,. 3

SNOV, 15TH, 1959


The 'Caribbean'l

SOut All Ov

.eCaribbean is now a year winter season including many effi-
Bimdj.:playgrount' of the .Americas, ciericy apartments.


Bonaire, Ihe island of' flamingos,
is 'developing a new hotel in addi-
tion to the Flamingo Beach Hotel.
"B. G." the popular name for
British Guiana, has added more
rooms. Many new tours with guides
are' ready foi" those who wish to
go into the hinterland for hunting
of jaguar, duck, etc.
Colombia, the land of emeralds,
has moved into the tourist picture
this year with its low costs for hot-
els, foods, etc. Planned tours are

travelel this summer has been
.'all time high." Many of the
and countries are receiving
close to the level of business
.,winter season and airlines
hotels. have been booked to
capacity. Reservations even
i "i' made weeks in advance
,'-thde. Full bookings indicate
bconlued 'popularity with the
hin. winter season nearly a P"sell
',Iavelers are advised to book
axice for a '-tri to the many
ids of "tCe-Caribbean-
Wakilyear. is a New' Year in the
bel~ii f-o r building and; n e w
Wte.,-. facilities are continually
i.-tii. 'Jt is rumored that 18 new
tels tare'in,.the planning stage in
Bgua;-,;* .
l,':miles long white sand palm
-hWof Aruba is in the "big" pict-
'LIVI"th the' summer, opening ot
fabulous Aruba Caribbean Hot-
N e popular Ball Restaurant, a
me's delight, .is planning a
Er'.)East Indian .restaurant on
eh' with .all the decor and
b6ios'30-odd courses 'pf the East

Sdof' b'w'est addition to the
of resortt -hotels is the
ie.undee-. to 'be. open' early
Sear. early. 200 new rooms
l'l .,dy- I.Barbados for the

Ire pace.-, "

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more luxury

and a flawless sporting pedigree

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Sweeping' ahead with all the zip, sparkle and road-
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1 Telephone 3134--2772


PAGE. 11




SBinY Marine- Colonel Bombing
,, Bustin Haiti's Mornes

re r If a farmer or members of his it will contribute to fighting erosion
family should receive a light tap on and help to keep the wood that -
the skull from a nut as a big yell- made Haiti famous from disappear-
A large concern in Paris has pur- ow 'copter thrashes the skies over, ing altogether.
chased property in Guadeloupe and head he should not credit the show-
Martinique for two 250-rdom de-luxe er of mahogany seeds to a phenom- .. .
resorts; to be ready in these French enon of nature but to M'arine Col.
Islands within four years. Robert Debs Heinl. Rest Rooms Open : .
Haiti is back in the picture bigger The Chief of the Naval Missio.i Tourist Need Filled :
and better than ever. Hotels are to Haiti developed a Johnny Apple- The embarrassing days whenA i
being expanded, shops have new seed streak while hovering over the tourist had"to return to the cruise -'
"lines" of merchandise for bargain numerous Pald mountains on fre- ship or hotel to powder the nose'
hunters. Planned entertainment ev- quent trips to the interior in the or wash the hands, has gone for-'.
ery night at a different hotel is mission's 'helicopter. ever thanks to the recent inaugut-
ready to greet the guests. Prior to each trip h6 harvested ation of several chic super-hygenle, :-
A new 200-room Sheraton Hotel nuts from the large mahogany washrooms in the City.
in Kingston, Jamaica, has been giv- trees on his (Kingsland Gros Mor- Without ceremony this past week
en the "go ahead". It will have ne estate) front lawn and filled 'a La -Belle Creole opened an elaborate
a convention hall with a capacity sack with which lie personally "Ladies" and "Gentlemen" with :'
of 1,000, night clubs and jumbo- bombs the eroded mountains. spacious facilities, comparable :,to
.si.e swimming pool. i the. world's finest 'Rest sfatios;'"'
Puerto Rico is busting at the Having run out of feed the Col- Located on the second floor of the
seams with Sheraton adding a newt onel now is receiving',contributions store's Haitian shoes departrnenrt,..i
hotel. The 170-room El Ponce' Hot- from Mr Everret Shrewsbury of the w.ns built, during the summer at
el; Intercontinental's latest addition, Electric company and Sister Anne considerable expense to LBC.
will open early next year and many Marie of the Episcopalian School With the transformation of ethe,
'of the hotels have added more The Colonel's theory is that e'en Place .Gffrard into a parkingpark
rooms to cope with the demand. if one or two of the thousands of b:, Texaco a. rest station with 4
Even little Saba is due for expan- nuts planted from the air should first Pay toilets seen in Haitiill
sion with an additional guest housesprout into big mahogany tree be innovated. *
to meet its ever-growing popularity. .
St. l4itts will have its first large ; .
i new hotel going up in the near ,, -. .
I future. It will include a fabulous .. .
vI iew of across the sea. to Nevis and
swimmiing pool facing, this view.
Property is rapidly being sold' in
St. Lucia for new resort hotels. with .
SReduit Beach being 'the popular lo-
cale. e 4
The- French side 'of St. Martin
will soon have its first "resort hotel
to complement the ever-growing re-
sort development of the Dutch' half
of the island.
St.. Vincent, the land of Captain
Bligh, is also moving into the res- .
qrt..picture in a big way with invest.-. '
ment incentives to encourage mord I. ,',. '
resort building. t '.
Thve.mysterious. exciting Surinamni PHLCQ. TROPIC. 103
has a spanking new modern air- e ghIn ATIONAL 6-BAND RADIO *-
has a spanking new modern air- n to the High-Fidelity brilliance of thb Phikco master m.odea.. ,
conditioned hotel and more-.rooms 'you'll thing you'r' in the studio, so keen and del at,is every. .prog!f
have been added to. the completely IBut that's only one' of this model's many' fne features; others ndd
renovated. Palace Hotel.. Complete short wave' and standard 'broadeWst reception ,on 6: Ba
TNT, the explosive Trinidad and Fascinating 'long-low' styling-fully ,2ft. in width-with rich walu" ,
.Tobago, is jumping with tourists fromspeaker etw of -ce frt
a o High-Fidelity sound from" speaker network of ehio-egne front 3
and diplomats, now that Trinidad and dynamic side speaker. ', -..
is the -capital of the Federation. .Bailt- antenna. -.d' s. e: .i.-
The Trinidad Hilton. Hotel construe- Separate bass and treble audio controls. *' =. : '
tion is moving' fast and all hotels ,
have had to add more rooms. -
The t h'r ee "Saints" Th o m a s.
CroLx and St. John 'of the U.S. Virg-. J "*'

station between the islands with Hy- -'.
drofoil boats. Hotels have new .
swimming pools, more rooms, and '
more shops and night clubs are ,;:
opening to meet the continued in-
1 a ands. ghtonel bsd in"FIRESTONE INTERAMERICA C
crease of visitors. I,' 4
And next year will be another 1 ,; :
New Year -look for new islands Ral Io Pleasure.
coming out the sea- Vieques, St. "'
Barthelemy, Anguilla, Barbuda. NOW ENJOY HI-FI


Through Its Postage Satamps

A For complete information in Haiti

Stamps and other details which will be

LES PLUS BeL ES s AiOU furnished you free of charge, write to

S oUo P.. Box 7 Port-au-Port-au-PrinPlce

growingin popularity.
Cuba will have nearly 2,000 travel
agents meeting in Cuba, October 17,
with planned tours to the- rest of
the area. As a result .the public can
obtain all the latest information
from their favorite travel agent.'
The .new. restaurant at Fort Nass-
au in Curacao is a recent attract-
ion where Dutch, American and
East Iridian foods are served. Casa
Amarilla Shop is a: brand new quart-
The highest mountain in the An-
tilles on- the island of Dorninca
can now be reached by improved
roads and the guest houses are all
newly renovated for. the season.
Three rederit hotel developments
along the fabulous Grand Anse
Beach in Grenada are beyond the
planning stage, with one of'them
ready .soon-.



Sy ,' .,p ;-.I, .
7 : ": -
_ ^PAGE 12___

[. N MOROCCO Liquor sales are e
r ', o up in the United Sta
of a service LA BE instituting this wei
.',,. of the tax loaded
Northern neighbors.
Under the BELLE
".ir,. ,. internationall Liquor F
ice an American tou
ase the five bottle q
"::":"pricks with delivery
York Central clear
; "Broad St.
....By paying as littib
quart of scotch th
eliminates t h e em
lugging the bottles a
ing excess baggage.
The most popul


., ,Build'
Frederick Quinn of USIS interest
,. in Art movement here. Gen. M
The "United States Information
Agency in Haiti. is represented by P on
m-i Cultural Affairs Officer Theodore

'; S. Arthur and Frederick Quinn, ass-
;' istant. The- program attempts to
.,: answer questions Haitians might
hk -- k about the tted States, and to
.present aspect of American hist-
..'Ory ,affd -c0lte 'to 'Haitian audi-
,^., H..- -
; s-.. part of his work, Mr. Quinn
,y'has el.a-eo"itacts with young Hal-
.j-.lan writes 'and/ artists. He has
.stated: .'IThe tremendous energy
i''.nd vitality of .the Haitian art mov-
.;'. ement-is a to its coun-
f ry. "More and more people arO
'.j.coming to iee 'the emergence of
l. truly -creative school of Haitian
:'..-t with a major place, in the -at't
",wr orld. I consider myself fortunate
;' be able .to see this development
.* ;. ; *. '** .' .. .* 1
;'-. Quini spent last year in IVtorgcco,
e.:.; eloping the USIS films pogg'am
te'Y. I e-His work took him '.to 'all
.'. t, p.s of.. the country, anid 'raniged
i^ pn 'planning showings :fdr 1 I' Mountain tribesmen to organizing
~'.. iangs for schools.

:: ; A graduate of Allegheny (
S Meadville, Pa., he also a
Dickinson College. An Engl
S'.erature major, he minored
." ory and fine arts.

: 1 -. -
;i, i .Quinn spent,, two years
':.. staff of a medium sized Per
',. a .aa. daily, and almost four
*'i%- in radio and radio news worh
"' ing, writing, and horseback
.,,_are his main side interest
of" the-tallest American in ti
tt" ends St. Trinite Cathedra

I! ,'A -
f ,i "'< "",
-.* '' .

.:i / *- /H
1^1 SB

.,.... .- 1) Ga t,
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'-^ S^
SUNDAY, NOV. 15TH, 1959 '


expected to pick scotch whiskey are available as
tes as a result well as Beefeaters gin for $2:30 a
LLE CREOLE bottle, Harvey's Bristol Cream for
ek for the sake $4:30.
ever thirsty

Lrist can puirch- Last year according to 'Atherton
uota, at special Lee of Kenscoff the Hawaiian Is-
at LBC's New lands harvested pineapples from
ring house 115 about 80,000 acres which yielded a
S gross revenue of 120 million dollars,
Sas $2:70 for a a gross revenue of $1,500 per acre.
ie tourist also Not all soils will grow pineapples,
barrassment of but Haiti, with a climate compar-
Lround and pay- able to that of Hawaii, can -easily
find 40,000 acres or more of suit-
ar brands of able land for pineapples.

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AT ,.








Toastmasters Club
On 24th October, the Port-au- in English, each membei- has ah
Prince Toastmasters Club received opportunity to speak, either exteni
its official Charter from Toastmast- oraneously on as part of a'
ers International at a presentation gramme of prepared speeches which
dinner held at the Hotel Choucoune. 'are based on principles set 'tor
The presentation was made by Mr. in a "Basic Training Mant ,
Ed. Weissinger, founder-member ,of These speeches are, then crit ":
PAA Miami Toastmasters Club. constructively by other metb
What is this Toastmasters Club? So that members may enjoy '
Toastmasters International is a quent opportunities to speak,'|.g
non-profit, non-political, non-parti- ide and evaluate, .the member
sail, non-sectarian educational or- is limited to 30 active members..
ganization of over 2,800 clubs in' The Port-au-Prince Toastmaste
the United States, and 30 other Club was started by a small ban
countries, now including Haiti. The of enthusiasts, one of whom had
Home Office is in Santa Ana, Cal- previously belonged to a Toastas:
ifornia, USA. ters Club in the Far East. A Steer
Its objects are to provide memb- ing Committee was formed aid n
ers with ,opportunities to improve soon sufficient potential menabers
their abilities to speak in public, had been recruited to hold an .inu '.
conduct meetings and improve their gural meeting on 29th June 15s. 1
executive capacities through' pract- Now, the Club, which has the slog
ice, mutual constructive criticism/an "Toastmasters is 'more than.
and assumption of responsibilities Club its an education", is. upto it.
within the organization, full active membership, 'and on 5t
October elected its first Executiv
Since its inception by Founder Committee: .'
Ralph .C. Smedley in 1932, more President: D. G. Crew
than half a million people have be- Educational Vice-President: R'Ji
nefitted from membership in Toast- Abbott
masters International. Administrative Vise-Presi de't i
Each Club, such as the Port-au- Col. O. G. Johnson -,
Prince Toastmasters Club, receives Secretary: G. Laraque "
literature and advice from the Treasurer: W. Macintosh
Home' Office, which also puts out Sergent-at-Arms: E. Lemke. ',
a monthly magazine "The Toast- Sophocles said. "To speak much'lis
master". one thing, to speak well. another",
; and we extend our congratulations
The Club meets once a week ,eith to the Port-au-Prince Toastmaster
er for lunch, or after close of bus- Club in trying to live up to 'hi
iness. At each meeting, conducted precept. '

L __

I 1

(As Told By

o:.. oiqul's. mother, weary of feed-
--rang.. a big. fellow, like Bouqui, told.
4iim one morning: ',
..-Bouqui, your brother Malice is
ai'.a-.hard worker: yau you are the
laziest .of. all the lazy people "on You just don't want to work.
~,..Look, I am tutoring over this bull
to yoIu. Go sell it at the slaughter
house. With the money you get
0i:.from the sale, take it and do some
K;i'd.of business in order to provide
-' yourself with the necessities of life.
am tired of. feeding a big fellow
.likeyou." _
Without uttering a word, 1ouqui
--took koff with the bull, spent the .the market.
.;Around six o'clock that evening,
',,h._.Jreturned home ith three eggs
I ;'. m hi'.s pocket.
",. What?. Is that all you brought
. back?" shreiked his mother. "Bou-
.4u. ; -where is the money from the
F',!Nale 'f -the bull?"
. Mama," t explained Bouqui, "I
,;old,the bull.'iWith the money from
teb.ll I bought'a goat. I sold the
.!"With 'the money from the
..gOat.I1bought a rooster. I sold the
i,.with the money from the
ost'. I- bought three eggs."
VTitnerre!" cried his mother.
K :tBouqui exchanged a bull for
ea-eggs!' Bouqui ou ce you
ebrdinutile," (you are hope-

P '..P g' up a broom, she shower-
lows-on Bouqui with the "bois
.bTdiff.'i~iroom stick) and overcome
5'. -trage she had a congestion and
pst -consciousness.
'. aflice who took in the scene
"without a 0ord went to fetch a
doctor-, who arrived 'immediately...
S.Afher a thousand turns and detours,
.'the doctor, a "tete marteau" (ham-
*1mer-head) prescribed a warm bath
Vo 'feuille corossol" (sour-sap leav-
Si s 'to. calm the nerves of Bouqui's
As Malice was going out for a

LY, NOV. 15TH, 1959

76 ., '



& jcse a Bwf0 k A Audubon The Great Naturalist Painter




little, he called Bouqui and said:
"Bouqui, I have prepared the bath
for mama. It is on the fire. As
soon as it is ready, send for me.
Do you understand? No more fool-
"D'accord" (o.k.) responded Bou-
qui. .
Malice went away and left Bou-
qui fiear the fire.
One hour later, Bouqui, wishing
to show himself master of the si-
tuation, placed maman in a "ga-
melle" (wooden basin) and empti-
ed the contents. of boiling water
from a tin can over her Then non-

ticking the expression on his moth-
er's face, he shouted:
"Ah! Mama is pleased! Lo6k how
she is laughing. I'm going to light
her pipe for her." --

He took his mother's pipe, lighted
it and placed-it in the corner of
the mouth of the poor, unfortunate
woman who gave not a sign of life.
Malice, worried over the delay
by Bouqui to send for him, hurried
back home. Seeing him approachb,
Bou.pi cried out:
"Malice, Malice.! I- gave maman
her bath. She was so pleased- that
she is laughing there in the basin."
Malice, feeling a presentiment,
ran into the room. Spectacle!!! He
found Bouqui's maman "raide
mort," -(stiff dead) "dent-grignin"
(grinning) and "cachimbo" (bam-
boo pipe) in the corner of her jaw.
"Au secours... au secours!"
(Help... help!) cried Malice. "Bou-
qui has killed mamAn. Mama died
from "Cancannin" (scalding).
All the'neighborhood was alarmed
and everybody ran'to the/house to
aid Malice ih making preliminary
preparations. -
Next day, they held funeral serv-
ices for Bouqul's mama. Bouqui
wept plenty.
Two days after the "Derniere,

Was A Haitiaz
The following revealing article established in Le Cap Froncois, did
was writer by Anthony St. Cyr in business with one Jean Audubon,
answer to a "Haiti Sun" contest to retired officer of the French Royal
establish the origin of Audubon. Navy who had gone into business.
WHO WAS AUDUBON? travelling back and forth between
Prologue his native Nantes and Le Cap Fran-
The identify of John James Audu- cots. Here he sold French wines
bon has sometimes been veiled in and silks, and took back cane sug-
mnystery. Some, and among them ar, and indigo. As a side line, Mon-
Alice Thyler, a descendant of Au- sieur Audubon also, brought in a
dubon, tried to associate him with few slaves which he sold in Les
the Dauphin, son of Louis the XVI, Cayes.
but this has been proven false. Captain Jean Audubon, still young
The information gi-'en below was and enterprising, naturally became
obtained partly from Oxilus Fou- enamoured of the lovely young cre-
gere, son of Belloni Fougere, who ature, Antoinette Rabin, who kept
himself was the younger brother house for her grand father, Mon-
of Jean-Jacques Fougere, later call- sieur Fougere.
ed Audubon, and partly from the Things went on and finally old
following authors, Francis, Hobb- man Fougere clamped down a
art Herrick who wrote "Audubon mean hand on the projected wedd-
The Naturalist", and "History of ing of Jean Audubon and Antoinette,
His Life and Tittle", and from Rabin, especially after he had dis-
Constance Rourke's book "Audu- covered that the. Captain was al-
bon". ready within the bonds of matrimo-
W\HO WAS AUDUBON? ny in Nantes:" M'eanwhile, The
John James Audubon, certainly hands of Destiny had already ear-
the greatest naturalist-painter and mai-ked Mademoiselle Rabirn as an
ornithologist who ever lived, accord- instrument of its dictates. There-
ing to Cuvier, was born in the har- upon following the usage of the
bour of Les Cayes in the Colony of times, Miss Rabin was obliged to
Saint Domingue on April 26th, 1785. abandon her parent's home. We
Monsieur Fougere, rich merchant find her as passenger on board an
unnamed .schooner leaving the port
of Cap Francois on April 19th, 1785
I '. |m..-dJ r- thaU- ~ M-. If me On% /" -.

up a trick in order to get back at
Bouqui. He took a piece of iron,
heated it until it was red, placed
it in the sun; then calling to Bou-
gui, hfie said:
"Bouqui, you killed mama. There-
fore you deserve to burn."
Bouqui had a "peur bleue de l'en-
fer." (a dread of fire). Upon hear-
ing the word, he trembled like a
"The only way you can be for-
given," continued Malice, "is to
sit down without your trousers, on
this piece of iron for one hour."
"Is" that all," asked Bouqui.
"Yes," said Malice dryly.
Bouqui removed his trousers and
sat down on the piece of iron.
"Chi-i-i-p!!!" And Bouqui jumped
up like a crazy man crying: "Bou-
da'm boule! Bouda'm boule" (my
rear end is burning).
It took "pince and piquoi" (every-
thing you can get hold of) to catch
up with Bouqui, lay him "sous-,
ventre" (on his stomach) and ad-
minister a cataplasm composed of
gross sirop" (molasses), "huile
mascriti" (raw castor oil) and "zo-
ranges surs boucanes" (roasted
sour oranges) to Bouqul's bottom.
Ever since then, all the cronies
of the neighborhood call him: "Bou-
qui Bouda Boule" (Bouqui of the

Priere" (last prayer) Malice made scorched bottom).




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Not so long ago there lived
in Haiti a couple of creatures
whose exploits have lived on
after them in folklore tales
which are recounted around
the fire after supper under the
Mapou tree.

7 I -.

iness connectiqns. It is in the bar-
bour of Les Cayes, upon arrival of
the schooner in the early hours of
April 26th, 1785 that Antoinette Ra-.
bin brought forth into this world a
boy to whom she gave the -name
of Jean-Jacques Fougere, Jean, aft. -
er her lover, and Jacquies Fougere
after her maternal grand-father
with whom she lived. This is the ._-
child who later became the great-.
naturalist-painter ornithologist. -and .
Epilogue .
Mile Rabin bore Captain Audubon
a second son who received the name
of Belloni Fougere. She lived in
Aux Cayes with both her sons; but
during one of Audubon's trips to .:
France, his slaves revolted,. Antoi-
nette lost her life and the two
young boys miraculously escaped' "'?-
death. Jean-Jacques was' hidden 'by
some friends in Aux Cayes while .-.
Belloni was hurriedly removed to-. -
Jeremie. On his return Jean Atldu-...
bon who moaned the death of An- '
toinette and perhaps that of Bello- .
ni hurriedly took Jean-Jacques back 0-'
to Nantes where he officially .with
his wife, A n n e Moynet, adopted
Jean-Jacques together with a young-.-
er girl. Muguet, whom he aalsoi"-.
brought back from the Colony "

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PA-- 14

Paa Pl
0;". Pan. American World Airways is
-proposing to inaugurate jet airliner
f flights to five new cities in the Car-
ibbean areA starting December 10.
," :Additionally, Pan Am is hoping
to. materially increase jet service
.. to three South American cities now
being served by the 575-mile-an-
hour, pure jet Boeing 707 Clippers,
disclosed Wibur L. Morrison, exec-
utive vice-president in charge of
'the Latin American Division.
"Our estimates are that Pan
Ani's expanding jet service will
boost tourism to the Caribbean and
South America by 20 per cent dur-
ing 1960," Morrison added.
Cities planned for Pan Am's ex-
panding, worldwide jet network are
San Juan, Puerto Rico; Ciudad Tru-
jillo, Domaucan Republic; Nassau,
Bahamas; Montego Bay, Jamaica
-and Miami. PANANM opens Jet serv-
S ice. to Puerto Rico November 21,
nearly 3 weeks ahead of schedule.
-Jet Clipper flights carrying 121
passengers would operate between
New York and San Juan, Nassau
and historic Ciudad Trujillo. Others
tould link Miami with San Juan,
Montego Bay and Ciudad Trujillo.
Six more jet Clipper flights a
week would be scheduled by Pan
.Am between New York and Cara-
cas, effective October 25. Addition-
ally, the jet service between New-
York and Buenos Aires, inaugurated
". y Pan Am on July 20, would be
increased from two to four flights
eeldy. These flights also serve
-Caracas and- Asuncion, Paraguay.
S- .,The new schedules are subject to
the approval of the governments
S concerned. They will offer both first
class and tourist accommodations
Sat the same fares now being charg-

-. :


* &i



ns To Expand LatliA Amerikau
fiscal year, some 53 per cent more Indies and the rest of L1 Af
than the prev ious year. ica." ..
"Indicative of the importance of The big jet CUpprs a....
good air'transportation in this area businessmen an even s
ed on piston-engine flights. utes. Present New York to Ciudad is the fact. that nine out of ten of pendable method of pelaeig nrd'
With the pure jet airliners, this Trujillo flight time is 5 hours and these United States visitors came and receiving delivery of a '
winter's travelers will find tropical 45 minutes. by air," Morrison said. goods. The Boeing707 jet
Latin American lands virtually twice -- Miami and Montego Bay would "Spending by United States tour- have about three times 6re
as close, in time, as they have be joined by four times weekly jet ists in overseas lands now amounts able cargo space than p ent .
ever been before. Clipper flights. The Boeing 707's to more than $1.5 billion a year.
"Swift jet service represents a can make the 550-mile hop in 1 Pan Am's forecasts indicate that MORE THAN TO_ OF ; .:

Lush flowers grown in Haltard-'
gardens are flown Clipperes- i
throughout the Caribbean ever~ j
week at an average monthly vi
of 2,100 pounds. *e
Only Clipper Cargo speed, adid
schedules make possible this i
tant source of revenue'for Haiti .'l-
The traffic traces back toij-948
when Atherton Lee, w6rld-fainpuf |
horticulturist, settled down in Haiti
bought a chalet in the-. cool. mount
ains of Kenscoff, aand, devoted;Ji
time to cultivation of tropical flw
ers recognized as among, te mo 0
beautiful specimens in the earibit
The flowers are picked -and
ed into a refrigeration) ro om inarIl
the next morning, they arepl%
in boxes and taken to Pan Ani C
go office at the airport. ..
Then they are shipped -to consi
ees throughout the Caribbea-e_.'
most cases delivery is within'o i'h
At the beginning, the flowe erfs1-
sent twice a week to Ciudad..^TiT."'
]lo. Curacao, and Havana. Now,
new markets have beenv-7delpe4.
to. San Juan, Miami, ahd Nadi ]
and daily shiprfients are -iidde-Iev-,',
ery day to these destinations:'.-

major breakthrough for would-be
travelers to the Caribbean and
South America who have been balk-
ed by the limitations of time and
money," Morrison pointed out.
"Now, a vacation in these areas
is as close as a drive to the mount-
ains or seashore.
"Pan Am jetliners are bringing
the major resort areas of the Car-
ibbean within about four hours of
New York. arid less than that from
The new jet flights call initial.
for daily flights between both New
York and Miami and San Juan. The
New York flight time will be cut
to 3 hours and 25 minutes' from 5
hours and 20 minutes. It will be
only 2 hrs. and 20 min. between Mi-
ami and San Juap, compared to
the present.3 hours and -15 minutes.
New York and Nassau will be
only 2 hours and -10 minutes apart
by Pan Am jet Clippers, compared
.to the present flight time of 4 hours
and 30 minutes for the 1,100-nule
flight. There will be six weekly
flights initially, under 'Pan Am's
Four jet flights weekly have been
scheduled between New York and
Ciudad Trujillo. New Yorkers can
reach Ciudad Trujillo, 1.630 miles
away, in only 3 hours and 15 min-

hour and 25 minutes, compared to
the present time of 2 hours and 5
minutes. The flights also would ser-
ve Ciudad Trujillo.
The number of Pan Am jet flights
to the Caribbean probably could be
increased considerably later to meet
the demands of the peak winter
travel rush, Morrison said.
The Pan Am executive pointed
out that in the, postwar period, as
fast air transportation became av-
ailable, the Latin American area
has supplanted Europe as. the favor-
ite overseas vacation spot for Ame-
"The U.S. Department of Comm-
erce estimates that in 1958 some
700,000 American travelers visited
the West Indies, Central and South
America," Morrison said. "That is
63,000 more than went to Europe."
Generally favorable currency ex-
change rates, free ports for shopp-
ing bargains and a year-round ideal
climate make Latin America an
ideal vacationland, he added.
Morrison pointed out that in 195S,
Unilled States visitors spent $193,-
000,000 in the West Indies, Central
America and South America. Tour-
ism ranks-ahead of sugar among
Jamaica's industries, he added,
while Puerto Rico had a tourism
income of $48,000,000 during this

$4 billion in revenue from tourism
can be funneled into the economy
of the Caribbean and South America
and other areas over the next three
.\ears by the jet airliners.
"The tourist dollar goes directly
into the hands of the people -
bootblacks and bankers, maids and
merchants. It is new money infused
directly into the national bloodst-
ream. It spreads widely and quick-
"And it is the new Pan Am jet
Clippers which will be bringing
these dollar-spending tourists in ev-
er increasing numbers to the West
on-engine airliners.

PETION-VILLE, Faiti. A villa
in this Port-au-Prince suburb has
added a wing and inaugurated oper-
ations as a guest house. Known as
the Chatelet de la Montagne Noire,
the new resort is owned by Franck
Magloire, owner of Le Matin news-
paper. Managing the Chatelet- is his
wife, Peggy Hansen Magloire.
Rates are available on both Ame-
rican and European Plan. The "de-
luxe" program is $60 daily for a
double, breakfast at the hotel, other
meals at any hotel or restaurant
desired, car with chauffeur.





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SUNDAY, NOV. 15TH, 1959

r bachelor tendencies succumb-

S rage Tuesday night. In
a an atholic service at Christ
-Roi c,: it ch Andy wed long time
n amona Langer, an meric-
can travel agent. The newly weds
ent the night in the Montana's
hone oon 'surprite and left the fol-
lowing day for a two-week honey-
mnoon in Jamaic .

Dr -Margit Langer, a- German
dreelande writer who is married to
the foriner editor-in-chief of "Duesmb-
-- eldorf-Handelsblatt" on a three
L, -'rieonths tour, of America is here vi-
Orsiting with her brother Dr. Otto
S&ebert of WHO.

Mrs F&to Braun (former Huguette
!-. eager celebrated her birthday
.;.Friday night in a gay Montana

-'Mine Vie Alfred Vieux and o s

--. honeymoon visited with ahe Douyons andf
DrFatto rgit Langer, ans German

R.B W ho Bisson arrived with
the forerch, Australian-bohef of wife
d Junior :to work for the Point
.u last week. The Bissons who
Seldorf-sades in India and Ltheria
s topping a wi t the Sans Souci.

ee a brief intransit visit
F Douglas Pawley for uguette
eager assador celebra to Brazl, Pres.
an advigor, onetime top
sFriday eight ina advisor and man-
'iti 6f the old (late twen-
st Indies Trading Company
Sha..-Eortune Bogat, an
s e sign Alfred Veuxr Pawley's
He aso visited with friethe Doyons and
attois.~ *

SJuniortonio Stephen, graduate
,.'the Port au Prince medical eria
4c1 ..,.w -a prominent practicing
stoppin. Puerto Rico ith his
e hospa brieftal is vintransiting with
on' Avenue John Brown.
last here during the Sl-former
f ruia advikeor, onetime top

-.aSptais Charls Wadvisor an cele-
fed the M aine Corps birthday
er at -Le Perchoir. His
S iere Mil the Ramine Allen,
e'i es Dessalines Commander
SRen Baucicaut, Capt. Nerva
i-.-Albertune St Albin. an

"tz Mfevs (Shoe Manufact-
are awaiting the arrival of

hds-.signa L. Preetzd Mr PannAgeys
0il. fbe welcomed oack tof
.- ble next week after
tor Anto Eurpe. They have
a .. new M. G. Magnet.

Wrs Robert FrambrinI of.
erican -Embassy gwe an
i ."A party at their Morne
i ville a Wednesday evenbirthdag.
s e uests were M e thRame barren,
'Ree Bauci Canada and Mrsut, Capt. Nerva
S':I'President of Auto Snn-Ag-
**Hffl adPresideti of Auto S.A

Proceeds from the International
dinner at the Sans Souci November
21 organized by the American Wo-
men's Assn. will go to purchase a
new operating, table and accessor-
ies for the Maternity delivery ward
at the Gen. Hospital. Pamela Heini
and Ramine Allen have sold eight
hundred dollars, worth of advertis-
ing for the souvenir menu.

Emmanuel (Itiano). Ambroise of
Adlermatic sewing machine fame
is in the U.S. on a business-cum-
please trip.

Mrs Anne Kennedy of Diquini is
coming up from Caracas next week
for a forthnight visit with friends.
Governor (New 'York) Rockefel-
ler's sister Mrs Mauze has purchas-
ed a large painting by Haitian art-
ist Antonio Joseph.
Dr. Doren Venn, Gynecologist at
the Schweitzer Hospital is going to
wed a fellow South African bientot.

Mile Gladys Mercier says "I dos"
with Bebe Bailly January 31st at
the Sacre' Coeur.

Jacques Armand of, Port-au-Prin-
ce is President of -New York Uni-
versity' Evening Students Associa-
tion a tribe mark of distinction
for this young Haitian.

Jean Magloire Jr. was welcomed
home Saturday afternoon by his
father Interior minister and Mrs.
Magloire. A cadet at the Mexico
Military School for the past two
months Jean Magloire is here on

Mrs Elias Noustas returned Sat-
urday from visiting her new grand.
son in Mexico.

Agronomist Rene Laroche return-
ed this weekend from a study trip
to Jamaica.
.* *
Esso's ,senior salesman Reynold
Canez "returned from an extensive
trip around the provinces' just. in
time. Saturday wife Ghislaine pre-
sented him with a seven pound
baby boy their first child.

Dr and Mrs William Larimer
Mellon returned this weekend from
two months in Europe where they
visited with their soldier son in
Germany and Dr Schweitzer in. Pa-

Roger Coster (See current issue
of The Saturday Evening Post)
flew to San Juan on business Sat-
Raymond Mars and his family
returned to their home in San Juan
Saturday after a visit to Port. Dr
Price Mars the eminent statesman
is over from his Ambassadorial
job in Paris for a short home leave.

Westinghouse Rep. R o g e r Bou-
card flew to Miami Tuesday.
The Dominican Embassy officials
have moved into their rebuilt com-
bination Ambassador's residence
and embassy next to El Rancho



When it comes to tradition you
cannot beat the United States Mar-
ines. Wednesday on the 1,S4th anni-
versary of the founding of the
Corps this tradition made a Buck-
ingham Palace guard look like a
rumba dancer.

In Haiti as where ever else Mar-
ines found themselves that day,
they observed exact the same birth-
day ritual.

The U.S. Naval Mission to Haiti
which is staffed by Marines except
for several Navy men rivalled
Quantico, USA the citadel of its
tradition, with a Birthday Ball at
Cabane Choucoune in Petionville.
The "Semper Fidelis" men und-
er the command of Colonel Robert
Debs Heinl Jr gave their guests,
which included most high ranking
Haitian Army officers and their
wives, a full dress ceremony from
a mountainous cake carried by four
Captains to the reading of the pres-
cribed birthday section of the Ma-
rine manuel.
Colonel Heinl led the ceremony
accompanied by American Charge
d'Affair Philip Williams, Interibor
Minister Jean MVagloire and Chief
of the Armed Forces Brig. General

Pierrne Merceron.
Following the American National '
anthem and Marine hymn the Col-
onel cut the cake with a sword
carried by Colonel Little an officer
who served in Haiti. It was also
the last sword to be carried in bat-
fte (Boxer rebellion) by an office-r.
The first piece of Cake went to
the oldest Marine present in keep-


The wives of foreign diplomats
accredited to haiti are endeavor-
ing to top their community chest
contributions this year with a mov-
ie night at the -French Institute
November 25. The ladies distribut-
ed six hundred dollars last year
amongst orphanages around the
Capital and this year they hope to
give -ever more. Tickets to the mov-
ie "Keys of the Kingdom" with
-Gregory Peck are on sale for $1.00.
During interrhission christmas cards
hand-painted by famous Haitian ar-
tists Spenser Depas and Luckner
Lazard will be sold.
Author Selden Rodman, "Haiti or
The Black Republic" is c 0 m i:n g
dowvn for a visit this winter.

ing with the rules. Following Gun- Interior Minister and
nery Davis a crack marksman Stff as guest were s
who served in Nicaragua the young- Apart from the ritu
est received a slice. Breaking Marine dress uniform
slightly with the rules Lt. Bonth- ordinary collection of
ron celebrating his birthday the ening gowns made th
same day received cake before the morable one.


ova Scotch

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Aux Cent Mille Articles

Dadlani's Maison Orientale



Army chief of
served. -
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is and extra-
beautiful e- .-
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The new American consul is 36
year old Hugh Douglas Jr, a Cali-
onian, Princeton graduate, wAho
..has traveled the wideth and breadth

Sof Europe, North Africa and Latin.
- The nAme w ca. merica consul is 36
S .Mr Douglas arrwed in Port last
eek' with his wife and four child-
n rei: Sandra (9) Douglas III (5)
Stevens (3yrs 9 mths) and Patricia
m mths).
_During his fifteen years in the
A ', Department of State, Mr Douglas
has been a Diplomatic Courier, vice-
consul in the American Consulate
General in Hamburg, Munich, St.
Johns N.F. and Glasgow Scotland.
Prior to coming to Haiti -he was
in charge of the Near East and
African desk -of the Foreign leader
Exchange Program. Under this In-
ternational education exchange sys-
tern people from foreign countries
-- are: invited to make a sixty day
-tour of the United Statesand see
.. ,..



American version of their particular
field. Several- Haitians visit the U.S.
annually' through this programs'
Travelling with the diplomatic
pouch proved an interesting but
tedious task. A half a dozen times
he traversed Russia to Moscow. He
made a first-hand study of the
hardships of travel in a number of
Iron Curtain countries such as tra-
velling in a windowless train. Dur-
ing six months of riding around
Latin and Central America Mr Dou-
glasr passed through Haiti but did
not get a chance to stop off.

During his term of vice consul
in Munich he met and married a
pretty member of the Staff from
St Clairsville Ohio.
This %week they took time out
from house-hunting to celebrate
their wedding anniversary.

Haitians seeking visas will find
Mr Douglas a quiet soft spoken
sympathetic Consul at home in their
language. He succeeds Tom Davis
who completed his tour of duty two
months ago and is now on -home
leave in California.



When the cruiseship Franca C
berthed here on her maiden voyage
froni 'Miami Monday amongst the
three hundred tourist who romped
ashore was a Haitian folklore troup.
The folk dancers flew to Miamil
and travelled back to Haiti on the
Franca C entertaining the guests

on the highseas.






IA.D.P -

(Continued from page 1)
and station 384 Grand Rue opposite
the, Fire-Station and examined the
large array of Westinghouse T.V.
sets of all .sizes, description and
prices. Haitian landscape lovers
need not be concerned about T.V.
antennas deforming the Haitian
"caille paille" with prices for the
seventeen inch set starting at $199.'
Edouard Gentil, .the country's
leading electronical engineer this
week, stepped up construction of
the. company's transmitter tower
t170 Ft) on top of Bouflilier across
from Le Perchoir restaurant.
Mr. Boris Frank manager of Tele-
Curacao and Tele-Aruba part of the
company's chain of television and
radio stations that extend over the
U.S. and into the Caribbean arrived
here Wednesday to take charge' of
planning the T.V. Program.
Tele-Haiti through Morris Rosem-
berg holds the sole -.television fran-
chise in this Republic. Mr Gerald
Bartell who heads the Bartell Fa-
mily _Radio chain in the U.S. and
the two other Teles in the Caribbean
will operate Tele-Haiti. The Bartell
group recently acquired WOV in
New York.
The company has not yet disclos-
ed what viewers--can expect to see
but it is believed the programs will
include french films.

1 (Continued from page 1)
January 21 to 31 1960. Her title
will give her fame and riches.
Today from 5pin'till II pm cert-
ain candidates to the Miss Haiti
title will appear at the Club Cam-
araderie in Bois Verna.
This week nation-wide publicity
is expected to be intensified by.
press, radio and night clubs in an
all-out unprecedent 'effort to find
a. truely representative Queen be-
fore December 10.

(Cdntinued from page 1)
mics Corporation of America, New
York, Mr Russell W. MtDermott
Insurance executive Indianapolis,
Mr Wallace G. Rouse Berlanti con-
struction company New YorR and
Mr Charles Tweedle Macon.
Senator Capehart who wilT be
lodged .at Hotel Montana is a mem-
ber of Senate Committees on For-
eign Relations and subcommittee
on American Republics affairs
Banking and Currency. Government
Operations and" Defense Production.

Col. Constant To Madrid
:Colonel Gerard Constant. Inspect-
or General of the Haitian Army will-
be posted to Europe as Military
Attache newspapers reported this
week. ,
Colonel Constant onetime Chief of
the National Prison will be attach-
ed-to Haiti Madrid Embassy.

S o* lmhrd

SChmCo esJ/ques.
S. lamb

I. -

HAITI TRADING CO. S.A. (Chamber of Commerce BIdW1

For all kinds of French IM-
visit Haiti's Smartest -di"
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