, o U CE, l -Jeamone -. "- "'. ,BSAI.' -E' --l6.e J..i 1u e tombr... oth,:.
\W eWeSfTrn g : i StateS
-1t : .: t .. .. -'
- .g ; a : -,.C _?. .
iEiti- en-.Tra nin nUn States ....IL ...te o 'n ':
e eno.n o .
In -"iv #t oi _..,.. w er h. -
T.7L 7.4 .e
In: Uni T1I;
eTuberculosis ie ithn AeadAiD Oevs Tie e. p
.j~*A; 77" :u:sj
sGnt toh .i ..ie S t f, ..ourdin ..ap e o uArTu rget l i rc o s soci r, vbi ,
isve;linen con ucting acolio Gmt" ia sE n m uoehcotromek A Rtoo."le' o an"r0"f'
ha of theifllng list~~o~ it salion threDni stolers goot.&re e Ae.psiCQ Miqrh, !SkTiet a cttioe tyl
:.pr ~ngse ealong wtra tn e tin k th, U.S" thr hea. foani.e dte rt is a 'k ow n slasthe D Hi.tx -S. r onerechd pr obabl
b r d ti t i U Wme, B is dl ordre"-, oi ge tting ou r xinaec eo H i ES Ar o R. in tt t wi th ead g ir e p m e hw i se r stal :alieiO r -
t14ki^ IStp uaxn mnho be cosd a reaca of thmoe Iasti dl dire ofbtoe N C teginanlitti veor. t e
nes. .o'. n .i in ute (H A.T., ) ar e Dr;a e Turgot 'fben elospse sor oiaffo.; i. -: .nbhin t .. ..se
pattree ands -u -omed ko ber rol In tise Jint *of. app et ee ", [ tT.. rise ai.. ,,
for r n i I. tie, ep te
". e o~rkRep hoanio std ,ie sme Ens ea en
" t De t ae: list I aiti" an" s ynailors c andsoldiersawts A.iv-o our rid nis ao youst er o ea .t thdle' e f s t o d of ac e hi e i
A, ng .an brine utu-oug ab~ilgity...r-e "o .D ta. 1" Va.i l g e. Chga 0Bs tD ui H : a oertai oe t maeal t ee
y 5 N~ t ateaci ne. o ek wt oll etus Hlslc he N o fr atero dr aIH. esupiintede m l l .a Sep er Iuftd
ce ceas Inss titue the o ba s t "aord a e 'ig"o -..I
-, )y oo~dnNO, VC an s m pobl h o beh appd wt ne oins ip e i.di d c of- ino GNot. g vkrs
thte26 eBr, are 'Dr' iT,' y adres as .n
s O )qi -&&!iR,-I,v
A .- .a- .. .. -., the project Yo ur r lweiasopa so r-i o "fangtorn Sy ser wortk-(bsie 'f" '
.e ... o a ..ov r .'. fb c"nog- "n '. ..a g.
Budget feor rh DctLY fnancia SentstT WY eas dea Pe m aTI Em e PI wod wc -a o poiau
e d lo n d w i ng t exhink, I 'atold o that I 'o t u- n Dog coust ro) ablsisn
.l -he th e bibA. graph andk to h; ab the nowiies sew took .
d' ..T e "e" -f e d a d t h "o ""o m 'f l a' "
en :tt el Uap t e rie te nlbe 7 t4. w t o p veb-chltuorwe abet a 9 mrea d
r-a. ..ow at a A wo onne s rd el Fo -e Inl e
T et th epl 'tann ed : bfguo The an onal Bdg t ta for -th. e ls t
t ihe. 192 rcise as y rin 1- thitabt we ar e re- man. f --.h g.." : a -ei
seht 4o t iLC~islativ e sent ingf .u apeciathud srU t D. dfQ FCt toi ad rmntiln4 A
d t 5 nw odedr cipldt p o ath Lre7ht
AAe -ssid..nt bs
~the. 'ged berl fteonomic stud opahlerns of oour Financeshave ien, ed t or ln g, om si- HoeHer, wteo -- b i thermtonej
t e- ."r o ie rd the s e er of e Bud- de di catio voer ou e o r e, e
e in --mesl s aaokl Youci,- w.ok honos .r1 Ao staesU, y h -r
to. "eu es s~Jp i~bs tsourgene- the._ .. ... ........ fi ..eld ,' o f the e#sbg.o.
G hIt e cn bigtiontesgtabTilt-yTof the bNalao ar a py ag n the g tisa- n b P o oae
-achnine. W e w i tu ti o o ouae r Maoeri, hD. Qdelde "9te".e eriedd. of pa6. 1i
S e i who thres day-, Higac to- form a tr
:Ait"ero'orata Folklore o
ne g i t e tBy and large. ii my a r .'Xess .L- thse s.'.l._ true7
-tr iO vacd- h meober ofSegedfl h-ueacco n the pj of Your e spum igns me. abl .
Gusta" e fte g aTI ;Sub- en s odered th ar ae ic o the sery es.
...m n.4 n 4.mr _i, e eteiae 12) the budib iography ands t titoteu 0r ppreianriani w -
(Cgedrontinu e ofth a roing -by tta o the Flklore Js tn line. pass tore
continued witt the same ferae- bg is no soa- aftue ,
.,~~it "an, th ..~rcto tha the. '..eg to be .',-':: .'r-..'R., :,:;./;
,.,.. P.V, t "H A I T S U N fundry September 9th, 196 .
S a i 'Jean Munier arrived here last week as Vice-Consul of Tra c "' Mrs. Naideen Abrams, a
y a t Tc T h 1ir WP 0 ort au Prince, accompanied by wife Giu'i na. du i.ter Ge O'l;ce Manager from Ciuca-
:evieve 12 and sons Didier 10 and Thieiry 5. spent two days here t we
B"Charmantes" Iris Bruel ar.d Shirley Pleskovi came here .. cm a ^- h
By AUBELIN JOLICOEUR daughter Pamela 16 and so
By last week to visit Haiti and did everything possible to enjoy what Richard 8. They were guests a
their Country has to offer. They covreed all the well publicized Cabane Choucoune. Pam wil
S Do not bam me i I do ot listen Max pots here including Cap-Hatien and its world famed Citadel. finish High School next yea,
Pfefer. the literary Agent from Miami, hused Iris, an ace dancer, ..found Roger Pottevien to make her forget and will go to the Universit
at the Grand Hoteli Oloffson. He' goes too-far her recent boy friend in St. Thomas and Shirley was happy be- of Illincis of the University o
beyond the call of praising whom he likes. The to study Social ScieB
beyond tyond words to meet with artist Lynne-Hunting she was asked to ces and Government problems
talent scout sees genius everywhere. You, re look up.here. She is an excellent. dance
a genius, he said to me, you are so thiented, Mrs. Abrams and her childte
you are worth a'nmillion. And he kept enumor- -"-Mr Philippe .Leguichard, Manager of. Air France here- and were taken around tow-'lb
$ eating the many_.fields where my talent shows his chic wife Maragarita and daughter Diana 10 and son, Philipp3 Jean Pierre de St. Cristo;.,,
up. 72 year old Max has been here since Jan- 1'. .8 have returned"from a fortnight Puerto Rican. ager of Tropical Tours.
S** Dick Rubenstein, ,i"
uary, went to the States and Europe In April for three months "Lynda Bauer and Ann Huff landed here last week for a very mist from .Philadelphia' ad-
and is back at the Darling of Writers and Theater People which short visit. Lovely Lynda a pianist,, is working for hpr Master gentilel. femme" .Ro'be:t
is the Oloffson. I appreciate and enjoy your. good taste and yqur Degree at. the American Crnsorvatdry of Chlicigo. Charming Miss made, their outings here las
Sense of selectivity, he praised. You always- selected the most Ann Huff is a teacher 'f organ and piano at the same Conserva- week In. -company with "sym
--beautiful girls. We must come- to a Gentleman agreement: You tory pathiques" Misses Edna,
.select and I, take, he suggested in a low thin voie. I am very ano, a teacherene Smon, al
selective, but I trust you. I will take anything given by -you with flJohn Xnapp returned to 'Schbol in Florida last week -after .cretary als. from New
close eyes. Since you are so selective, intervened humoristic A' a month 'vith'the Mongeaus. Philippe Mongeau also went back They were guided around-
Seitz, Owner of the Oloffson, why did you choose the Olofsoh-. t'.-school. .- by, Lionl&Toussaint.. &
It seems that you never made mistake in your life, replied prompt- **"Peter H. White, a Probatiqn Officer in the Court of New "***Dr. Glines, expert i
ly Max Pfeffer in his mangled English with and Austrian accent. York and his "jolie femme" Rosliid spent -a week at the O'off- .Education from Garden Grove
i. ."*Ross Donaldson, Director of program Services for NBC-is son.. Mr. Murry Steinfeld and his charming wife Nancy were alifornia arrived withered hia
::..making his third visit here this week. His job at the NBC con- guests at. Pension Sendral last week. wife Kuth and two children
sists in developing new. entertainment programs. Ross s staying **Jean Robert Corvington. went to Mayaguez last week to Laurie and Harlan. He Nwas me
.--: *="Ross Donaldson, director of T SHRDLU CMFWYP SHRDLU resume his studies in agricultural sciences... Andre Charlier wint at the airport by Mr. Murphy
-***Hotel Caribe-Haiti, one of the most bewitiful hotels of Haiti, o Paris to study Medicine. Attache Culturel at the 't
g,,attracts a very nice crowd -to'its unformat Thursday Night. The -*Edmond and Linda Murphy went back to School in New Embassy. Dr. G wil teac
-Ianager George Kenn and his attractive wife Esdige discve-ed Orleans after two months here with their parents, the Direco-. **Lavinia Williams. Yarb.So
te..secret-of catching the interest of .the Night. Club goers ad t the USI and Mrs Ed.' Murphy. oug, Founder of the Haitia
tihe orchestra of Felix Gulgnard, the Black Blouses and dancers =*MM. Daniel Brun and Claude Marcel Gentil of. the SHASA Institute of Folk and classic
CGerda- Belmont and Arnold Elie make the rest.- met at the airport early .last week, IVr. Frank Weisse, Mauag'ng dances arrived Sunday .fi
*. "*Beautiful brunete Silverstein 'and lovely blonde Jackie Perle Directo" of Ceneral Motors in New York and Mr. Sheffer Gilbert Jamaica where she-:has be
Si 'erstein av-ite d-by the G overam enP
-:came, conquered and left, but the memory .of their visit here Buchart, Representative of the General Motors in Sari Juan, P.R. i n v t ed by the G vermeng
i.s still -vibrant. These .two charmers have been charmed by the .**Mr. Sydney YU arrived here last week to replace Mr. Kiu as- ptgrae of. lance: for the Tli
:. agic Island. They become two Good Will "Ambassadresses" for change d'Affaires of the Re public of Chixra (National st). depeo enceceledrations.
0iti in. Miami 'Beach. A very .dear friend of Charlotte, Miss Josie I .
Dubins wrote to .the Sun this week to tell her interest -for the NEWS-' FROM -
ros'.outry 'and the enjoyment she derived from. reading a copy of -ST '
-hi interesting publication that- Charlotte generously shared with NORTHWEST
er'pon her return trip from. Haiti" Ad she subscribed or fur- Our colleaguof Port Paix -
I'iMther editions. With Charlotte and. Jaclde Haiti and the ati Sun forms: "If a fire breaks out, we ..,
Sbd sold in a very large cirl in-Florida. shall return to the old system:
-- 'h ll.return to-the- old. ..
ward off, the~danger with some e "
.Steen ogers; son of -Sargent Rogers .. 'h .i.. e s e.-
buckets of witqr. when there is
.-(helicoiteres,. USNM)- and wife .flew to a fire-engine .in the town. But .-->
'"Meinphis Tennesseee, last ,week .to resume this pump cannot operate be-
his studied after two -years here with Hisc- a cause' of a lack of.a -batter. L. ,t ,,
-i-. parents -He was seen off by hisn mother, r Again, we ask the Mayor of the ... ,
'" lie.Abre. Silvea "Xatby 'ity, Mr. Michel Sylvain, to se- WI A FREE TIRE IN T
e d-three lv Abel e:.i Sl"vet; WIN A FREE TIRE IN THE ...
: 77_i,. 3y .,_ .. ."7 .., i _j. .Siously conside the question: a .... -"
S a Judy. Q arvey. b terS costs -only .30. or. $40. FIRESTONE LOTTERY..-;'
*L.omdaols un-ks,. a .mec anica'En -.l Matin" Augist .29. and ... ... .
gne efrofn. Chiciae and, his pretty WV e i- 30th 196. From. Aigust 22, O962, oS te m er'
'............,. ..- -. ,r -. ,0 .. o'.., epte ber;
!,.T-:' an.-bp't. originally .from Lithuania -o -. ar
4d heya Jast wee~r _ontheir honeymoon and have extended their .- 1962, any .tomer. 'a.lsSTO
o :rnat the ote Parna. LliUn is quite a dancer.. En ..., Real Estate Agency PASSENGER TIRE for cash will automaticay
'..1.Joel a Berard-Liaptaud, sons oLMr and. Mrs"Enst Liau- LOISEAU & Co.- take part in the DR A I NG SEPTEMBEi
d.. fleto -Euro~e.Sunday. Joel ,ll. elvetr6nics at Aix-La- uBoerdon 22. At the time of purchase you wi i'receie",r
Chapelle Gerii any- id .Bernrd will. enterthe Sbhool of Medi- P- hone,,2620 Ticket for each FIRESTONE PAS ENE 5-
neof the University of Strasburg,,, Frnce: Cable Addres: AILOICOc NE
S*Dier M. Hall went to Montreal on idayAugust TIRE you buy for CASH. Drawing wilLbe'
Si ,"y mechanics (Diesel). .. Renting of Houses, Apart. on September 22, 1962, and the holder .of" eI
..... ..na ing"-poesso of biochemisr aon ents, Bungalows, Camping
Dr. Kndall King, ofessor of biochemistry .and nutrition Hosefo r s hor b r long Winning Number receives another. First
fae Virginia. Polytechnic Institute of la.ckburg, Va and Pro- period. Tire of the same kind-he bought free fchqr
or3 obert 'Kelley in charge of Animal husbandry at the same a v FRES T t W "IN '"EW "i7
."Insftewere. meet at the. airport lqst week .by Dr: Harold Wood. .Sales information available ill pay the r :
ot'ad f 'Public He.alth 4t the .USam. -. for sugar cane, cotton; fruit, CASH the same amount he paid for-the
tS- "Kerndall. Kg. was here two years agoon a nutrition study sisal,. etc., plantatlonp and purchased. ""
i.. Colu.mbaandothes U.S.. He. fas returned for a practical states and varin improved and.
'4ow, up. His prompt purpose is to find practical -ways of in- unimproved condition. Come in to your FIR T NE STO
ng the protein in the aitian peasant's diet. commercial business such Your chance of winning a FREE
.Genti" Miss Gladys Maitre. daughter- ot Mr and Mrs bars, restaurants, and-hotels' .
alba itre flew tbo Boston.last weekin company with her mo- bought and sold excellent because the CONTEST
Qg dys iho seat' nearly aeyear. in Kingston, ll continue Joseph SEAU. is only ONE MONTH. '..
""" .. .- .... ..Manager-
,. k ...... s.., .'.ett. .. : .. > j:uj 2 ..,- .-. 1 ..- ,, I -. Is,.,!" e
P ... ". ,gq= .' = ",.,,,.:" -=. ..; ...; ,-.... .' ; -: .V -: j..h : .' :. ..... =. -, -"-.,. -,." "- ... :. ...ii=.,.@
Delegate Of New York
Fair' Explains Facts
caki.ng.at pries conference .held at the Chamber of Commer.c
i.t week ;'Mr. larles elett lelegte of the New York Wor:'-
Uir tq'.be held firom 1961-65. Mr. Poletti outluhed -the objecdve
..fair- in- which -Haiti has already accepted l partic'*lte. Mr
lefti Js '; former g6verior of New York -.
om ipft'to right:, Mr. Dumnikic Charieir, Secre&aryof the Ass
aUion of Haitian Journalists and an editor of' "Le.-Matin" Mr
ward R. Murphy Public .-Affairs Officer at the Ameriean '.iEm
riy;i M. Poletti and Mr. Jeanw Magloire, editor a'P lsheb .
t 'weekly-newspaper "Oedipe". (Cliche USIS).
'-" -' .:: ." ". "
Who LpveYour' Pets
.w .-.., YYILABLE
ea,-o-Powd. l & Liquid So"
S" leas'.ticks anil-.ce)
t 20 RuLe Bonie Foli
/.-;' -'':: *
& r ,Ae.SM.
E CAR PERSOAL mTRRVEa. GOw
on.?ue du QuAi
SSculptures by PAINTINGIs b
IDTkA n rn A,tul;e- Cedor
i. DU PERRI ER.
..-.._ ........... -.. -. .
: re las w .eee th N. r A .. e .- .h .,r
.. .x .bt0 t.. D -S::.
(95 iou^ Pe'effr ^ 3Y5;k
i... ba.g i. .. a-. oq
nanid a e I P i e, ,yt ion
VB 1; 1,000-. ,.; 9
ubic2 ,25;:00 o,00u
. 516 835e a K-,d;:Iao 3-
e' -1,53 09,000 In icaraeua ,
r lset weekxplaite the N" prpose of.*Fa oenfoL sits monthsax- 300 a spima, c6o;ideraon *
9 4 a sse lo ow62,95; : en 0 ..
A a bddadte hoth 1. u tinie lominf cn ts oreeg b lie r
Gda AirTeDa POf TReb. abl oti-,io364 Iory3 r
-G LINCOLN G p
gnzandr adhissth GE ePresd e nt ando. uIr88g3
r. bt .las oa: te (T.
., .Mti CharNlIbiestin Broc es, Werdungris 'brie! viit 2e;,od0 perant ovr.Ot
-WFirith U h ep ltaned1te of. ger f. -ofeie%"b
Itrdlast whek thasa'rahe Nbw York Faitr, opeAingR foja sixlonths i .r.ay be aue u:" .nt
nd .194 t ad esix ronblnt aint o1A5, the pavilcoa of the USR will.be4e T ao exportsao. mpat h .t -)
". .. .. -." -"o
Squa in size to that of say, Honduras SalvadoF, -Mdnac or-iti -1) The Rey publi of ait
henr wiesl hoi sh t oe lu nc o nth e C it. ltua l ext .. s iecpal o wepuideti o se.
,- Ahae be dedicated to each of the 105. coun trie, n the first Re r ei
ie rxa1e oe ihdlt -at a bre pe taitted to epot e20
aside at heair as Day Of he Republic of Haiti oe y In
Chiefs of Satae eand Cainet dmisters have l beenu.iited by the a s '" a :
-organizers andMr Poletsaid he PwOUishes that aa. o-the Presiden b .ale, dreto,.ocPctiono -
SFis, Duvai ad ile Mnisters wll honor Haiti Day at .hore O tfie ofCo.eUn the
D r.a ran coiDvr a hb o :'lvdtA. (The" rnma ,
the Fair RGith tEheirpresence'. eh sd gn to' ar
2 : er o Vote g*- ,en'
Land which rents r6 a square foot at the Fair has been allot- ".is related -.to h ae icountr's.ot
.Hed Haiti at the Rood Point of the .Aericas Avenue between udo- teme of exports. tor Imports)t
Uesia and Peru, th -r. Poletti m ..informed. the bvo-year po e uctbon "cypt 5
Mr. Pole hwas accompanied bythis.assistant Dr. Georges th cuies shall be
S n Benneif explained .the prcidse of .th iesm~ir.. its cultural ex- en special consideraton
Change and peoples to peoples aims. .nhwt 2ine in thie, first yereo
'C hat eletdes Flitzcurs in ,,o teaproosntbon boatao
.Artia ait'i sreph prsentedato. te
nh n o isGARDEN PRODUCTS aboeronce by IarBerli. D."
cr Ae Avalabe Ecusely t o- 700,000 bas iedctedction
de .:Y.d, Arede A ilabet giotaecloel A autthoie by t he ofCofnci tbai
and RIGAandD GROCERIES the second and thd yearsite.
is an oasis of sotds, especially for businessmen nd In no event, however, shall tht.-
their wives who wish to lunch in the City. extra exports allowed those
Some of specialities of the "maison", Haitian in foatcalcula "in
the distribution of v notes. .fi: :
,thrticular, have been handed down for generation's Hait was represented at-the-
Lancrevse. homard flambe, poulet a ta Russe, tassot da-ile, director -ot Production.."
de dinde, tassot-de filet, griot, escape avu gruyere, at the o f f ic-e of Coffee andr .
teak an poihre etc.Mr. Rene L. Amboise of the":
if, W4,it. c ral "Grand Conseil Technique."' .
-. ".. .- ,of ... ."e if,, ; .
... ,... io 1a er-a t't .1
PAt01 4 H A IT I SU N '' Nurday September 9fi, 19382
Simrportant in a world of sover- more. effective fiscal manage--
eicn states is an additional mar- men:. As backgro'md, some-
S~ ~ gy in of freedom ol'action. Car- thing more might well be said
,f f r lying valorization burdens has concerning the recent history of
,By Professor William BATES badly as their 1tith century oral South American restriction, always been the responsibility coffee taxation. -'
otnued from t French colonial or 19th century Under this scheme Haiti's res- of the major producers. The From the U.S. occupation uni
(Continued from last edition) cultural elite predecessors., In ponsibility in 1958-59 was to with- Haitian government financial til the year 1929 the Haitian
...-SOME FINAL PRQBLEMS the long-run Haitian exports hold five percent of the first position being what it is, even coffee- industry was taxed on
OF BROADER SCOPE must finance (directly or indir- 300,000 bags and ten percent talk of stock accumulation" is the basis of a specific export.-
-' The world market outlook for ectly) the bulk of Haitian de- above that. No .attempt was meaningless. duty of six U.S. cents per kilo-
cofee is by no means so dim velopment expenditure. made to honor this agreement: gram. On the average thii
as to justify a major Haitian Studies of the world coffee nor apparently, was any at- In a previous section I have amounted to about sixteen per-
effort to, shift to other export outlook (Spring of 1954) charac tempt expected. questioned the wisdom of hea- cent of the value of the export
.rops Coffee has proved itself terize the period 1955-57 as one vy, inflexible taxation of coffee crop. As coffee priices fell dur-
fc'well-adapted to .-aitian condi- of "equilibrium" after virtually The Haitian case for excep- exports at a time when world ing the 1930's the percentage n-i-
,.tions. Even more than that, it a decade of shortage: Through- tional treatment is a very strong coffee prices are undergoing a creased steeply-to 37 percent
m"may well.be that major produc- out the coffee producing world one. .Haitian exports are still major downward adjustment. by 1935-36. Low world coffee.,
..tion increases could be brought planting has been heavy since well below the level of the 1920's My suggestion was that revenue prices and loss of the French
l.about, .by rejuvenation of this World War II, particularly dur- -it would be. ridiculous to con- lost. from a reduction of coffee market proved such a biiude'
ad'inddstry, more-rapidly and ing the years 1950-54, and the tend that the industry has' con- e x p o r t duties be recaptured on the industry that the export
it. less' cost and risk'than thru current outlook is one .of sur- tributed one iota to the current from selective increases in im- duty was substantially reduced .
ntttempts to bring about major plus with the price of Santos 4 world surplus position. ort duties. Just how success- in subsequent years, only to bej -I
i*ansion of new or minor going as .low as 32 cents a ful such policy would be is not readjusted upward again ?;d4u
W1.9" s. This is not to deny the pound (FOB)- in the next few An even stronger Haitian ar- at all clear-rates on. "non-ess- the War. Taxation contain, to,-
r~imortance of diversification years, u h ess restrictio-iist gument is one based on over- ential" imports are quite high be on 'a specific basis until
..p great dependence oil coffee schemes are effective. (Forty- whelm'ing national necessity. as it is. But no solution over the 1946. '
s long been a probelm in five to 50 cents is forecast as- Many Sputh and.Central Ameri- next, few years will be "satis- In that year. ..rinciep "*'
,i~tih But. diversification is a summing effective, restrictionist can -countries (big and small) faetqry",, except, perhaps, size- basing. a part of ,the. tax upe
prYy long-run proposition.. The schemes-always with the dang- have overcome the initial hurd- able and continuous foreign aid. price of coffee' was introduced.
iterpstihg -fact is that coffee er of shqrp collapse). The long- ie in their economic develop- The problem for Haiti is corn- -the effect by the late ortiej -.
a maintained its:.cebitral posi- er-run outlook. (mid-slxties is7-ment efforts. Haiti has not yet plicated by a pattern of severe .was to -raise& the total tax to'
"non-"in'" the Haitian economy apparently, for 40 cent coffee, been so privileged and has to annual fluctuations in coffee around 17-18 percent of export
lite -he a v.y discriminatory with recovery to around 45 cope with the next to lowest le- crop size of such magnitude values-or slightly heavier tag-
ai and d"absence .6f sust- cents in. t e" early seventies as- vel of per-capita income in the .as to paralyze the economy (to ation than that of the 1920's '
ved rf gsterniment;- efforts to' Braiilian .industrialization raises hemisphere. The' outlook is dim,. say nothing of government" de- With the crop year 1953-54 -. d
n ikitp '.or expand prboduction.'internal labor costs of that ma- indeed, if expansion of tHe cof- velopment efforts) every other new tax, depending on .price.'
didstry of .-such proven jorlsupplier.. fee industry is to be excluded .ear unless substantial exchbn- was added to the, system; anri
power deserves ,some Currently, there is, of course, from future development progr- ge reserves are available. We the tax rernained changed
-and- favorable alention;. lots of .-alk ana negotiatiopt ams., .. will conclhide this turly by hav- until the return to a" straig,
.e.. paado" js thdt- mid 20th .oncerning alorization --- the ing a look at those 'fluctuations specific d ty. incth~\fall, of- i9
ir .-"developnnt .reform;- most -.receilt.agreement (parti- Finally, one of the real pri- and the possibility of mitigation" The net .eect from 1953-54't'i--
meed-- coffee exports as ally successful).- called for gen-. vileges of being small and un- 'their effects *thru somewhat (Continued .fln pag6);
.FROM APRIL. 15.TO DECEMBER 14 .
'r Hourly Rate (Minimum 4 Hours) $ 1.00 plus 8 c per Mile -
.-- Daily Rate (24 Hours) 7.00 plus 8 c per Mile -
,N .. .. Weekly Rate .$35.00 plus 8 c per Mile "
(RATES FQB SPORT: CARS. SLIGHTLY HIGHER ) .
SASK FOB QUOTA ION ON LONG TERM- RENTALS.
S -ES INCLUDE: "
a it, hsuratEe Hand Maps-.
T-.. E RA:`CHARGES FOR:
A po Hotel by Per PickUps or Dlive
'- ,"" ".."
.. FIESTAA CAR RENTALS OF HAITI
AUTO S. A., General Agents LICENSEE
360 Avenue Jean-Jacques Dessalines .
Phones: 3134 2772
-7 HOSTELLERIE DU ROI CHRISTOPHE
.0. Box 46
i'" ,.. ." : A l"
Sunday September'9th, A96,
H A I 1 1 U 48-Cou'ntry Cbnference cs and the Trepon.ezaosess
Discusses radicatibn DParticipating Agenes .:
.. AnAN .G.. LANGUAGEE N"EWlSPAPER V .
T .E daAN ENGLISH LANGUAGE NEWSPAPE' Syphilis More than 150 experts M6
Community Weekl Published Sunday Mnlnorig countries around. the world .
5dltor-Ppbllhpae BERNARD DIEDERIO I Dr. Gerard'Boer present papers'and lead disc
Gerant-igesponsable iUCIAUCLAIR LABISSMM 'Representing Haida sions during the' Forum. .
SETABLHED Dr. GERARD BOYER Washington, Sept. 5 Phsi- Representing Haiti atf .
Reps. Haiti t' Talks clans Public Health Officials, Conference is rgerard A..Boye
A SERIOUS SITUATION -HAS BEEN REMEDIED and Research 'Scientists from 48 M.I, Professeu--de Dermat
SSeptember 5, 1962 countries are, discussing plans Syphilgraphie a la Faculte
_____;_______ __ for. the eradication of syphilis Medeine de 'ort au Prince.
TO MY FRIENDS IN IAI4 at a five-day Conference here ,
Just as the business community of' Haiti was about a note this week. .
to aist a fate worse than death, at the hands of Pan hav e enjoyed each of Morethan 100 participants A Trade
American Airways, someone up there, came. to the you, that have enjoyed my are attend the World Foruman ade
rescue,. work and enjoyed living in on Syphilis and other Trepone- Mission To Seek Ne,
Haiti, however, the lure of my matoses .'(diseases which, like
Pan Air re-established the daily service which will daughter, the grand children s.yhilis, are caused. by cork- I,,kes In Crbl
lyring in all-important mail and newspapers to the and cool, colorful Colorado is td screw shaped organisms called markets In Caribbea
community. The shuttle service now established is to keep me in Haiti in Spirochetes), which opened -
omunity. The shuttle seice now esbished is a retirement. Tuesday. Arrangements are being ma
daily air-flight from Montego Bay in Jamaica to Port .S. Secretary of Health, Edu- to Arrangementsd are being mats
an Prince and Santo Domingo City.; At the latter point If any of you are ever in the cation and Welfare Anthony to Trand a 30issiong Austraibe
there is a daily connecting jet flight to San. Juan, Puer- vecijty of Denver, be sure to Celebrezze welcomed the dele- Trade lsson to the Caribbe
to Rico, but an overnight stop if one is enroute to New look me up and we will do the gates .and" Dr. Luther Terry,' about hntral Ameof catoar
York; but one can go on to San Juan and catch one of maynot be in the phone Surgeon General of the U.S-. the Minister for Trade, r.
several flights from there to New York book for a while but you can Public Health Service, gave, the McEwen, has announced in Ca
h fe always get.. in touch with' me opening address.
through my daughter. be'rra. -
The shuttle service to Jamaica, makes good connee- r. E. F. HANIFEN T m "
tons at Montego Bay by two jet-flights, one to Miami 3392 Vivian Drive The meeting is sponsored by The Mission whose membctor"
nd. another to New York. Wheatridge,. Colorad the American Social Health As- straianll reprimary awinde sector
There is a slight delay if one wishes to go from Mon- (A Residential Suburb of sociation, the American Vene- dary indus wil
Denver) real Disease Association, and about five weeks siin'g o
go Bay to Kingston.. p11e: s- e .. u Het S r about five weeks visiting cow
tego. -.Bay to Kingston.__ Phone: 238-2617,. the U.S. Public Health Service, tries in the area. Mr: McEwt
S' with 'the World Health- Organi- es the area. Mr.- McE
Tie. projieller-driven shuttle, service seem a discour- AU REVOIR nation and the International American aribbean and Centr
gem*ent to tourists. Yet who knows: plenty of tourists W. H. (BILL)' FRASHER Union against Venereal Diseas- sTantial ard developined aul
ike -to get off the beaten path. w which Australian exporte
S, m i ..c.n.. s h jsc wti. 4og oc e *.i4 ) 'uld nbw reach'. direct wi
Pan American seems to have justice with it. Their FRIDAY NIGHT : the inauguration of the n
flights' now a.re almost all with jet-planes and we are Government-asisted shippi n
4theoniy, country in the nearby Caribbean with no air- O iL 1'1 ,A service to the area.
port for jet-landings; the anachronistic propeller-driv- The Departmento Trde
en Planes for the shuttle-service then seems a conces- FAMOUS CREOLE BUFFET 8 P.M. arranging a full scale publicJ
sioe on their .part to serve our interests in Haiti. NATIVE FLOOR SHOW 9 P.M. campaignh in the :-area befo
,z '". 4 and duiingg the mission's vis
;_ &DANCING TO THE MUSIC OF THE The i&d it WAustralian Tra
& CASTEL COMBO UNTIL 12 P.M. Mission to South "American
STREET OBSTRUCTIONS ADDS TO prted substantial sales in
,:.-. TRAFFIC PROBLEM countries visited.
t,' We have not ceased to call to the attention to those !' t t
it i. 6*t concerns the necessity to keep the streets of
hIe Capital free of broken ddwn automobiles and can-A UTTMIN
| struction materials etc. By cleaning up the streets the A .A
bajor problem of traffic congestion is eliminated. -
':there are some mechanics who set up their work-
ops right .in the public thoroughfare while building
!n tractors arrogate themselves the right to fill part 4
fK the street with their construction materials.
Such a situation aggravates the congestion of traf-
c in out streets and is a danger to motorists as well
pedestrians. It is most urgent this problem of clean- 4 '
i g up the public thoroughfares. *
--("LE JOUR" August 28th, 1962). Jo
*I lies Des Fleurs S. A. FOR
SCORES ANOTHER FIRST BETTER CAKES WITH
S SALTED TOASTED CASHEW NUTS ETE A WIH
EXPORTED IN 4-OUNCE CONTAINERS BETTER TASTE
AVAILABLE IN HAITI EXCLUSIVELY AT 4
EPICERIE HENRI RIGAUD BETTER TEXTURE
PRODUCTS OF UNSURPASSED STANDARDS
-l OF FOOD PURITY ,:A4 o ., :6., ,
. *- .. .- ,- ,
(Continued from page 4)
1957-58 was that of a straight
ad valorem duty of about 18.5
percent as long as the price of
coffee was belov, $41 per 100
livres and a slightly 'progress-
ive tax as the price rose to
fifty dollars. Even if price con-
U tinued to rise the tax remained
at 27.5 percent of value.
The principle of recapturing
a substantial part of the record
price rise in the interest of gen-
eral welfare was a thoroughly
sound one particularly since
part of the proceeds were sup
S.posed to be earmarked for long-
run e c on o m i c development.
Some side effects of the tax can
only be characterized as capri-
cious in their effect.
When the price of coffee was
between $40 and $50 per hund-
". red livres, the special tax of
50 percent on all value received
over $40 worked directly against
the tax penalizing low quality
coffee, in that it discriminated
against higher grades of coffee
.receiving a premium in the
; world market. Actually, this ef-
:. feet could only- have' been sign-
ificant in 1957-58, since ,world
price was above $50 throughout
the previous seven years. This
problem could easily have been
a voided by tying the tax to the
. price of a standard outside
brand, such as. Santos 4. Final-
ly, it is difficult to see the rea-
son 'for reduction of the progres-
iive bite from 50 percent -of all.
additional value in the $40 to
S.$50 price range to 12.5 percent
: Much more fundamental, -a
real difficulty with the '"price-
Sprogressive" seheme:was..-that it
failed to make allowance for the.
fact that a short crop severely
: slashed peasant incomes, even
.th the price was high. In such
years there was no "windfall".
.In any case, as of October 11,
'i 1958, .a .new tax was instituted,
which wiped- the books clean
Sand established a heavy speci-
'HAI TI SUN''
.c di:uty of $10.42 per 100 livre.i
-plus the quality tax already
COFFEE TAXES PER
At prices ruling
1959, this meant taxation of ap.
proximately 33 percent of value
dn Type 5, or rates comparable
to those of the middle thirties.
Such heavy and inflexibe taxa-
tion of a single export crop, in
the face of steadily declining
prices, raises some difficult
questions. True, no one can bh
certain what peasant reaction
will be. Prices to the' peasant[
today, although down to less
than half that of the peak of
the boom, are still comparable
to 'those of the late 1940's. If
the decline continues, and the
past is any guide, there will be
a reaction -but only 'marked
after a period of years. Per-
haps more important, there is
some question if this is a
promising atmosphere in
which to enlist peasant
support for a government camp-
aign to. increase production.
When all is said and done, there
is good reason to tap windfall
gains in an industry such as
Haitian coffee, but it is risky
indeed to cut down near the
As is typical of coffee coun-
t r i e s, there are substantial
short-term fluctuations in Haiti-
an production-some the result
of climatic' factors and others.
apparently, independent thereof.
The pattern seems -to be the
common one of alternating
;years of large and small -crops.
The phenomena is alleged to re-
OIL S. A.
UNE ECONOMIC EXTRA
'EC ESSO EXTRA
TOR OIL PREMIUM
LE FERBLANC DORE
:: m, ; :6 :_,,'," ,'.. / d:.i: .::. :.. "...
suit from a natural process of
resting after a heavy yield-the
plants being "put in step" with
,one another by a year of highly
favorable, or unfavorable, gen-
eral Climatic conditions. The
'fluctuations in the Haitian case
are, perhaps, unusually severe
in consequence or age of plant
and lack of mulching and us2
of fertilizer to stabilize the sup-
ply of plant nutrients.
In any case, one of the most
interesting recent developments
is an extremely marked in-
crease in the violence of the an
hual fluctuations. During the
eight crop years 1951-52 thru
1958-59 change in size of crop
from one year to the next has
never been less thdn 8.2 million
kilos, and the average differ-
ence between successive crops
has been only slightly less than
fifty percent of the average'
crop of the period. One must go
back twelve years before 1951-
52 to find an annual difference
as large as 8.2 million; back to
the early thirties to find a se-
ries of three; and to the peiioi
1907-08 thru 1914-14 to hnd a
series comparable to that of the
1950's It is also interesting to
note that the fluctuations of the
1950's have become- increasing-
ly violent. Strangely enough,
this development has evoked'
little cromrnent, even in coffee
Tracing down the explanation
has been a research adventure
in itself. The standard biologic-
al theory did not seem adequate
as an explanation of the sudden
violence of the fluctuations be-
ginning in the 1950's In addi-
ation, for 35 years previous to
1950 there is as much evidence
of a three year cycle as there
is for the recent distinct two
year pattern A good deal of
digging around resulted in a
supplementary hypothesis which
seemed to provide the missing
High coffee prices plus an in-
Itial large crop put pressure on
the peasants to harvest as ra-
pidly as possible. The result
was stripping of the trees and
Sunday September 9th, 19602
arnajc to the crop in the fol-
'owing year. Thus the natural
fluctuation was intensified by ,
man-made one. This somewhat
more complex explanation was
appealing in that there were de
finite policy implications. The
crop fluctuations, with their disi
organizing effect on the, econo
my might be countered, not on
ly by mulching and renewal o(
old plantations. but by better
Months later I stumbled into
another line -of thinking. I 1had
had the strong expectation that.
when income from coffee was
high, local food prices (corri
petit-mil, red beans and' rice)
would also be high. One would
expect this primarily in cofhse-
quence of demand effects on an
inelastic fopd supply. As it, tur
ned -out, the reasoning was
sound for price movements ovei
a period of years but complete
ly wrong for annual variations;
In all seven of our coffee cro
fluctuations high p r i c e s.:foi
these basic foods correlate wi
the small coffee crops and low
prices with the large.
(Continued on page 13
2 Cu. Yd. Bucket 'Fast-acting Hydraulics 4-Wheel a.d
2-W ee ,.;
Drive.* Automatic Bucket Control Kick-outs Power Shift..Trans-.
mission Choice of 105 HP Diesel or Petrol Engine Excellent.' 3"'
Visibility to Front and Rear Safe,, Easy and Comfortable to Operate
Cgterpillar,Calf od lr cavafa i aore legileed Tilairks o Clafirpilbi Tnlraod Ca
HA'rTIAN TRACTOR & EQUIPMENT Co. S. A. '
MAURICE W>ONNEFIL Manager, Chancerelles '
SSunay September 9th, 1982
TELE-HAITI. WEEKLY S
, FROM SEPTEMBER 10th TC
jMOAUDAY SEPTEMBER 10th, 1968
5:30pm-Musical Program 1(Mire -Tele-Haiti') :
**5:555 -veling General Program Schedule &. Weather Report
6:0(0prit-L- 's Learn English ,, .
6.30pm-CA- TOON .
7:00pm-TOMBSTONE TERRITORY... '
-7:S3pm--Children's prograr'-(2nd part)-.; .
4,:45pm-Telenews (1st edition) F-view of tihe' da4' i4t .
00pm-The -Ford Show: FURY: "Joey and the Wolf Pack",
'8:30pm-The Campbell Soup Co. Prografn: SEA HUNT
9:00pm--Telenews (2nd edition) Summary of the late news, pre-
senited. by the Esso Reporter
9 :05pm-Powell Industrial Works' weekly program:-"!I Love Lucy'
"Baby Pictures" .
."9.35pm-ROSE MARY CLOONEY, Show
j .:00Ptm-Close of program National Anthem
d .. i "
-.1 TUESDAY -SEPTEMBER uth, 196i
5: 30pni-Muical Progri m (Mire Tele-Haiti) ...
I 5:55pm-Evening General Program Schedule
'6:00pS-t-Let's Learn Englisn
6:30pih-Ciildren' Program, 1st Part.
Mtt-4.(7obber & Bondel presents: My Three S9osr "Fire Watch"
7:3ore's program: second. edition .
7:45pm--tlep ws lst edition) Review of te ay's event
8:00pm-Amperica speaks to you
8: 30pm- leeanema (1st part) -
9 9 0pm--Tdlenews (2nd edition) Summary of the 'late news, pre-
scented d by the Esso Reporter
-. 10:00pn-Cose of program National. Anthem
SWE ESDAY SEPTEMBER th, 1962
S5;30pm-Musical Program (MiAre.. *Tele-Haiti)
5:55pm--Evening General, Program Schedule
6:00pm-Let's Learn English .
7 :00pm-DRfAGNET with Jack Webb:-"Big Daughter"
7:30pm-Children's Program, 2nd Edition
g :45pm--Telenews (1st edition) Review of the day's events
'8 :00pmn-DESTINATION DANGER
8:30pm--M & S Construction presents: BAT MASTERSON
9 p': m- Telenews (2nd edition) Summary of the lath.hews,-, pre-
sented by the Esso Reporter
':.9:05pm-Le Pavilion des Vrietes presented by the Curaeao Tra-
Sling Co. '
9:35pm-GUY LOMBARDO Show
x10: 00pm-Close of program -- National Antheni
THURSDAY SEPTEMBER 18th, $962
5:S30pm--Musical Program (Mire Tele-taiti)
-5:55pm-Evening General Program Schedule
6:00pm-Let's Learn English
7:00pm--State Trooper with Rod Cameron: "Furyon Freemont"
7:30pm-Children's program (2nd edition)
7:45pmr-Telenews (1st edition) Review of the day's events
8:30pm-TELECINEMA 1st Part
9:00pmr-Telenews (2nd edition) Summary of the late news, pre-
sented by the Esso Reporter
10:00pm-Close or program National Anthem
FRIDAY SEPTEMBER 14th, 1962
5:30pm-Musical Program (Mire fele-Haiti)
5:55pm-Evening General Program Schedule
6:00pm-Let's Learn English
6:45pm-PHIL SILVERS Show: "RICH KID"
7:15pm-El Rancho presents: The Night Club La Ronde Orchestra
7; 45pm-Telenews (1st edition) Review of the day's events
"'11 A I T I
t.CXpm-.AlLrcd-. IIn c.ccks I:escnts: -."T0 e Wet Wa tloc '..p
Capsule ... -, :- .
8.30pm-Ie DLirrer des Mohican' presented bya' g'.qie -Cbrn
merciale. d'Haiti: "STUBBO'N PIONEER
9:00pm-Telenews.-(2nd.editiQn) Sunary oft te ih e nes, :
sented by the Esso Reporter -
9:05pmii--MADEMOISELLE' DE PARIS .
10:00pm---Clqse of pErogram National Anthem
"' .' ..
SATURDAY SEPTEMBER l5th, 1982 '.. -.
5:20p3o&-Musical Program (Mire Tele-Haiti-, ,
5: 55pm- ,Evening Program Schedule
6:00pm--Let's Learn Englisi Review of.the courses of the week'
7:00pm--WELLS FARGO TALES& ,"Bob Dawson"'
7:3 pm--Children's Program .
7:45pm-Thlenews (1st edition) Review. of the day's events
S00Opm--OUR MISS BROOKS- '
830pm--M.: SQUAD.: ,"Woman from Paris" .
9:00pm-Telenews.(2nd edition) Summary of the late news, pre-
spted by the Esso Reporter
10:00pm-Close of program'- National Anthem
S12:3Dpm-Musical program Mire Tele-Haiti. --- ----
1:00pm-Prpgranm Schedule .. .
1:05pm-Widen your kneedge ... .DIN
2:0O0pm-Tele-Journal. :-CO TA S '
3:00pm-USANA Program: DESTINATION DANGER -
3:30pm--WAGON TRAIN: ."The Betnal Sierra Story'" cll., Lobster Di.h
4:30pm-Telecinema'' .'' '- .
-.. SPEC T
6:00pm-~End of program National Anthem. S L.
S.. .." *S ,,<.s,, : .. ...:
for any and a.who wish to partake ofthe beautify ,
'goodness of a` peaceful vacation amidst the sur- KYONABEA
rounding of nature's own greenery. -
38 Miles From Port au Prince Have Your Party .44
HUNTING ... .. .. FISHING Y O NA
-SWIMMING .... RECREATION
BUNGALOW RESTAURANT Swim, 0pearfish, Snorkle,
WATER SKI ................ RELAXE Water-Ski And Sail
For your reservation, call up In ODVA Radlo-Station at in .Safe- Coastal Wate ii.
POR! AU PRINCE Fir om KYONA .
Corner Rue do Ceutre and deil Cesares'. DEEP-fal flB O
.. ., .% .. .. .: .1
laiti's "Gingerbread Palace" and famed hostelery the Grand Hotel Oloffson, show place oa
Haitian architecture, exquisite cuisine and conte led living. Set amongst a myriad of tropical trees
and gardens (he Ololfson, complete with mlniat ure pool, is the haven for the uninhibited, -
.. .- "
EQJIPMENT FOR THE
Ha3NDIQAePE aI) REW^
I .. n NEA. :4:
PORT Dt PAIX
S. e ';
S'"fhe Americai Wdnien's A.s
action of -ifititthrough 'its-pi
siderit, Mrs., 'Da d Keogti a
nou nc e, .the presentation
equipment to the -new. "hosp i
for handicapped ehildren:.fa eiw&
Port. deL Paix. .T s hospite
which is called- the-Hosajo
Hope and is ng by .Mis3p W
line' Biradshaw, as oflici- s
opened on July 10 of tbhis year.
-The donation -by the wometnj
group -consisted of: &e double
decker steel bunk beds co.p
te with mattresses, along witi;
21 quart pressure cooker .
At the same' time;. present
tiQn was made to the Salnati6o
Army Clinic at Fnd des Negr
'of- a generator qf 2. and a .'hal
kilowatts- br -the purpose of ru
ning electrical. medical q. eqtO
ment such as .a blodo centri&f
ge. .. .
SUNDAY SEPTEMBER 16th, 196?
:, the helm
S.for two -
E by JO
S On a dr
w submarine. On Ab- through my thoughts.
org und floor t e
.. submarine -14 feet long, miss-
ile-shaped and sleek- was pois-
ed on a bpat trailer'as if ready
for adventure and only moment-
arily awaiting discovery. It had
':. two open cockpits; in the rear
one there were controls tb drive
the propeller' and operate the
elevator and. rudder at the steim.
......According to a notice Scotch-ta-
r ped to the byv, the submarine
l.F.Was constructed, of fiber glass
and .could cruise four miles an
Hour 'for two hours on one bat-
tery charge. Made in Italy, it
The following day I went bacK
to Abercrombie's to look at my
love again. It was gone. I sear-
ched the floor in growing dis-
may until a salesman asked me
if I were looking for a particul-
ar item. "Yes," I said. "What
happened to the submarine?"
"The one you had here a few
"Here?"' He sounded, quite
;sary fire failures!
GIVES LONGER SERVICE
Husky double-chevron cleats
In new' B.F.Goodrich Rock
Service tires give hill traction
in forward or reverse, guard
against slippage. The tire. is
built' to .its inflated shape. It
A Girl In A Sub
mastered the airways, was sold by Healthways of Los "Not a real one," I explain-
e takes to the sea at Angeles. Cost:' $1,500. ed. "I mean, not the big Navy.
of a submarine built kind. A small one, just for two."
Promoted By Gustave I left the submarine there, .
LE Former Tarzan of but I could not forget it. I am He went to find someone who
laeo. a busy woman -fulltime house- might know. The someone he
wife and part-time writer- my found sent me to the purchasing
)AN DICKINSON mind so jam-packed with neces- agent, who had bought the-sub-
sary and extraneous matter that marine in the first place. The
ab day in the dreary there is seldom room for any purchasing agent was a strong
of winter, I walked more distractions. Regardless, believer' in small submarines.
rumble & Fitch's New that evening and all the next lIe spoke dreamily of the part
- to look at a used day and the next evening the they would play in the future,
id fell in love with a bright yellow sub kept cruising but he had sad news. The sub
... .. ... .. ahtflit ha d naiuht my uey uwas
truly gone, sold to a quiz show. Miami I wouid find an expert
submariner named Jordan Klein.
When I told him I was going And so it was, when I went
to Los Angeles soon on business, south several months later, that
the purchasing agent suggested I became a pupil of Jordan
that while there I should certain- Klein, a versatile pilot,-a mas-
ly try bearding the sport's No. ter of submarines, hydroplanes,
1 sea 'lion right in his home wa- airplanes and'-last motor cars.
ters. The West Coast sea lion he Jordan .wears a neat black
had in mind is a large, full-voic- beard and has large black eyes
ed and exuberant horth Italian that assume astounding .propor-
named Gustav Dalla Valle, the1 tibns underwater he has the
commander "of the Healthways look of a Spanish grandee, the
submarine fleet. .tastes of a Portago but none of
the flamboyance. lie always
During my stay in Los An- talks softly and has great pa-
geles, Gustav Dalla Valle ..did .tience, derived no doubt from
not have time to teach me to working with strange machines
run a sub,, but he started me
on my way by Jetting me ride
with him in the vertical jungles,
of kelp off Catalina Island. Gus-.
t&v has tie6n diving steadily for "
25 years a constantly joyftIl
man whenever'seawater is flpw-
ing through his lush, sun-blea- l
ched mustache. In our tour off
Catalina he piloted the sub with
vigor, first running it on the ?
surface. a( low speed, then at
high speed, forwarQ and rever- ,
se, circling and zigzagging. ".
Then suddenly with a warning '- Ia
bellow. "There she goes!" he'
pushed the bow under. For 15
mi.ts as IT nlternatelyv held my -
flexes evenly no. localized minutes a. Y ..... --- -.y
stresses that cause unnecessary breath and gasped for air, he
tire failures. continued 'dunking us up and
Keep your offthe-road equip.- down, running the sub like a
.ment on the jib. See us for porpoise. Each time we surfac-
t 'B.F.Goodrich -Rock Service ed he ,would bellow through the
-tes. .You'~ be money ahead! water draining from his musta-
dce, demanding to know how r
S" liked it. Before I could say
-' FOR MINES "Fine" or "I am beginning to
SLE- RITENION -drown, down we would go
In Rock Servic ti QUAMUS Magan
wthstaud double twhe. 1m- i
.. pact' of ordin, mate r.-,uiaZl After this porpoisy stint, using
resist heat blowout and EART nMOVII scuba gear.. I traveled for about
".- 20 minutes underw(ater wjth Gus-
tav. Near the end of this under-
sea tour, Gustav dived the sub
S. to 50 feet. I had every intention
E0." 1 -- of going the full 50 with him,
but during the descent, while
trying to equalize ear pressure.
I.=i:;;'",'- .. .-'. I fell out. Or more -correctly, I
DISTRBUTOR:, fell 'up. Being too buoyant, I
It: : s iply 'floated out of my seat as
S. WILLIAM NABE, S.A. / the sub continued down.
JUST EWEIVED I
S F GOODRICH: Tires and. Tube Batteries I took some of Catalina's wa-
PORT AU PRINCE. ter back east with me two
S PIERRE SANSARICQ Jeremie ears full and some in my sin-
S GERALD DELAQUA Jeremle uses, but not enough to put out-
NABIB AGE Saint-Mar fire. Gust had told me
NoB : ;- S. E- ain.m.. .. that when I dried out, if I was
V' .... 4 stmI set .n 'becoming a-pilot in
M UN".I :.. .. ...... .".-.".
.,;' '= .='. .,T ".'; %,.. ,.;' .." .-" a a.::,. r'. ..."'* .- "x., .. '- "" ',: .,-
'HOTELS & RESTAURAN
Gustave Dqlla Valle former
Spearfisherman and Skin diver
of Port au Prince is now a
leading under-water figure In
the U.S. Gustave promotes
the .new Sub.
-* -- .* .. *, '- .. '. '.;- ,
and contending with half idiots,
like myself who are attracted tor
them. As we towed the sub -to
water behind Jordan's car, -at
stoplights along the boulevards.,
the people would stare and in.
quire. Jordan would usually ex-
plain that it was a submarine;
or sometimes, just for the hell,
of it, that it was a rocket in
which we were going to shoot
ourselves high into the sky. Ei-j
other answer would do. Miami is .
that kind of town.
Piloting the sub, Jordan 'point-
ed out, is basically simple (now"
that I think about it, so is rid .
ing a barrel over Niagara). I :
operation of the sub's throttle
and elevators and rudder is no.
great problenr, for the sub is
not very sensitive in its respon-,
se to these controls. But there-
is a hooker in the deal, another.
control. When properly weight-'
ed, the sub is barely buoyant,
riding very low, cockpits awash'
like a swamped canoe. Of ne-
cessity, there is a buoyancy con-
trol, located between the cock-
pits, so it can be submerged'
and resurfaced efficiently whe-'
ther it is underway or standing1
still. The buoyancy chainbe't o'"
the Health*ays sub is simply
ah inverted bok' open'ht the'bt-'
tom. By means of a switch, 11ie'
pilot valves'air into this boxliki
chamber from a tank. In a liole
in the top of the biooy i.
I *. tM,
a t -
r at Haiti's leading
ITS & BY CONNOISSEURS -
V THE woLD -
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chamber there is an open-ended forms, of motion and colors mix-
hollow pipe that slides' up and ed, 'past shining 'clouds of yellow
down .like the handle of a butter grunts, -ast -a barracuda -poised
churn. When this hollow pipe is like a sword, its face full of
pulled up so .its lower end- is hate.-There on the side of a cor-
flush, with -the top of the cham- al. scarp by nay shoulder was a
ber, naturally all air can escape. sea urchin, five times larger
The farther the pipe is pushed than expected, a glistening,
* down, the nore air'l the cham- symmetrical sunburst of dell-
'ber will hold. As any skin diver cate, lacquered spines. On top of
knows, there is a further corn- the scarp, lavender sea fans
plication: air is, compressible, spread giant filigreed -leaves to
displacing less water .the deeper the light, .their -edges- tattered
you a and .displacing more as and yellowed like lae ,discolor-
you ascend; thus, the afiount edi by'age._Over the .middle of
of'i d rived from any given a canyon the. soft whine of the
.q.atity of air varies with the engine died as Jordan cut off
.de.h / the power. We drifted in silence
nd AttAl mnn the limv flonnr
dropped out of sight; Frqm tie
sound, I felt sure I had shaken
both Jordah and a section of the
hull loose. But when the water
cleared, good old. Jordan was
still in the front cockpit arid the
hull intact. I had- skinned my
The coral grew high around
us. Switching on a little air to
lift us off, I put the throttle in
reverse, backed off, added more.
air-and hedgehopped the tol 6df
the reef, clipping sea fans as I
went. Getting back some confi-
dence with this maneuver, I tri-
ed to surface. I proceeded slow-'
Ir warmnnlmbeinr that a diver
na seu e on. ccuy u I uo y,. gA* u w -i U -
'he buoyancy chamber, Jor- Climbing out, we found' that should never ascend faster than
dan said, was something I would somewhere along the way we his bubbles. I oolked to port' and
have 'to experiment with, and had picked up a passenger. An starboard and behind me for a
for my first try le wisely towed 18-inch remora had clamped on- bubble with Which to pace my-
the sub behind his 20-foot in- to the hull. self. I looked up for- a bubble.
b6'rd into the ocean where I* Oh God-the boat! We were co
would be clear of the crowd The full significance' ming up directly under Rick
ad 4'vice versa. From the very of this gesture by the remora Fried's boat. Our forward speed
stt 1. ran the sub rather well is inescapable. The remora spe- would never carry us clear. '1.
on tbe-surface, circling andcom- ciese are habitual ,hitchhikers, -had to get down. In panic I push-
ing .alongside Jordan's anchor- customarily riding around. affix- ed the stick full forward. I push-
ed boat with aplomb. Then, to ed to large shArks, rays, billfish ed the buoyancy pipe all the way
my. chagrin, with Jordan seated and other 'worthy travelers. Our downry-exactly the wrong thing.
backward in the forward -cock- sub had acquired the status of a I had pushed it down to go
pi to' observe me, I failed to big and important fish; on its down. It's up' to go down, and
witch, where I was going while hull it carried a remora, the down to go- up. Too late now.
concentrating on the buoyancy underwater world's official 'But .Jordan, rising in his seat
control on my first attempt to stamp of .approval. Having obs- with his customary finesse, took
submerge. I ran into Jordga's servedd the, remol-a awhile, I con- most of the impact. -
boat. Its .hall would bear the eluded that the honor might be*
m s,'40o this day, except that short-lived. Whenever we start- -This collision had not been so
Jordan, bless him, leaned for--ed up, the remora'had difficulty jolting as the earlier ones; per-
ward ib the .nick of time and holding to the slick fiber glass. haps in some small way I was
r tqok- madh of the impact him- it kept sliding back until its making progress. Slowly, slow-
sel f. -uch is the Io of a .man tail was scant inches from the ly, I did learn, so that toward
t'a "i propeller. the close of my third day, Jor-
S dan was satisfied to let Rick'
On y.. -next try to submerge, After five minutes of dawdling Fried ride- and play front blmp-
I| succeeded l pe'tacularly, B.e- in the canyon, Jordan motioned er for me. That afternoon- Fried
:pressing the elevuitor all the nme into the- pilot seat. I started and I had no collisions afid only
'way, I kept raising and- .rasing cautiously, switching just enough one close call: on our first des-
'tie-buqyancy pipe, letting out air into the buoyancy chamber cent, cautiously angling up-cur-
air. Suddenly: the sub responded,' to lift us off, and for a few sec- rent to avoid ramming Rick into
going-down rit a'`45 degree an- onds we moved serenely along his own boat, I almost garroted
:t4e, gathering speed, a machine the canyon. Then, as if it knew, him on the anchor line.
possessed. I expected the nose my incompetent hands were
',to bury in the sand 20 feet be- .again at the' controls, the. sub Over a 30-foot bottom Rick
;low, but instead it hit and re- began picking up speed. The and I played 'chase with a big
'bounded five feet. Meanwhile, I channel narrowed and 30 feet barracuda pack and prowled
h' ihad quickly lowered the buoy- ahead came to a dead end. I over the memories and remains
,ancy pipe and added entirely pulled back on the stick but of a sunken 'ship. Skeletal frag-
'itbo much air. So back up we could not get the nose up en- ments of. the. wreck were still
zoomed, almost straight up. The ough. I could not decide whether intact-the wood stem, some
Ibow of the sub broke the sur- to cut 'the engine while I was planking and bared ribs now sil-
face, hung in thin air. and, like still over the landing strip, so vered by the chemistry of the
tm rocket fizzling at Canaveral, to speak, or hit the air switch sea, and the ship's cargo of ce-
f fell back into the sea. hard and try to lift the sub over ment bags, now turned to stone.
the reef. Finally, too late, I hit Off to one side lay a broken
Before the day was done, I the switch, blasting more air chair, and in a clot of sea fans
'had managed to go down and into the buoyancy chamber than a bevy of fish danced atop a
* qome back without bouncing off it would hold. The excess air rusty bed-spring. The sea takes
the bottom, but I could never swooshed out of the open bottom, for its own all alien objects, ab-
achieve the delightful hovering bubbling up around me in a sorbing them or transforming
state of neutral buoyancy. Most roaring white cloud, obscuring those it cannot absorb. As we
of the time the sub seemed to Jordan and the reef. crisscrossed over the wreck, all
go in right-hand circles and sel- of it looked as if it now belong-
dom traveled level. Somewhere I thought we might make it. ed there, except possibly the
Hidden in its machinery it had Kaboom! We hit. The nose had broken chair, the bedspring and
mind of its own. I was at the cleared the top; the keel hit a toilet bowl that still stared up
controls, but it was running me amidships. For an instant in the like a large white eye.
*round. swirl I saw Jordan teetering
I above me, like a kid on the After-we had spent about 20
i For my second day of train-
Sing, Rick Fried, a friend of Jor-
dan, towed the sub behind his
i bat to the outer reefs of the
I Florida Keys. It is in such love-
ly waters that the bright yellow
sub belongs. As-if sensing this.
on our first tour below, with
I Jordan piloting, the sub was on
i its best behavior. We sailed
4 through a vast scene of flowing
other end of a see-saw. Then he
minutes alternately sightseeing
Caribbean Construction Co. S A.
Builders Of The Military City
Gen. Manager: Gerard THEARD
Phone: 3955. P. O. BO 284
around the wreck and mnakirg
forays into the. barracuda pack,
Rick elt. .He simpy stretch '' SUBMARINE FACTS
his arms But and floated off.
The submarine Is available
Swas along The s4unwa min US. from all Healthways
low, the 'water darker now and. dele s, sLx-w e ek delivery
bluer. I should piuobably retui-n 51,5. Deluxe model,' i,10;
to the boat- too, but I could not has built-In iba units and
iust yet. I. had the; feel of th plexglss canopy.
controls now. I steered the sub Ma.m sp fDo
into the hollows and ifted it anreverse: ots on i
safely over the brows of coral an ad S b low.s 0
'tmes. I sailed up and up, out [engta over i 1_ feet .
of each of the long-fingered got- nches. Qros wdi 7
g6dttins and the sea whips, hbld- pounds n s lal adle,
ing the sub steady ,on its course it is seasly towedlon boat
through the troubled upper w- raers. ....
-ters. I drifted .back down, skim- : ,,'
ming' the bottom, prop-washing Cockpit space ldw' bot
the .parrots and angelfish that occupants to wehr scuba ta'k
browsed in brown -pastures of blocks supplying leingh ai
encrustihg coral. I wandered at shallow depths to stay
past graveyards of dead coral;: a r alid a' ompl te
through wine-colored gardens of two-hour cruise on .one ba
feathers and fans. Like Alice in m reqed
her Wonderland, I might ever to rey.charge sub batteries u
-be! wholly accepted here, but I g common trickle chargers,
was no longer a stranger. And six to mo hours; using quier
for this short time, at least, I c at service. 9 oi
was mistress of the domain, rid- one our.
itg through it in.style on a spe-
cial kind of magic carpet. ..
tIme. VAVINIA WILLIAMg YARBOROUGi! |
REGISTRATION DAILY FROM 8:00. a.m. to 8:00 p.m.
A SPEEAL SUMMf R COURSE -
Beginning September, 1962
,DAILY COURSES IN,'
' 2.-Modern Ballet .. .' ,.
3.-Tap Dance ".
4.-Haitian 'Folklbre' ,, ; '
School located on the Champ de Mlar, nexttoeA Theater. '
5.-Ballroom Dancing and special training in "Pas..:
-. de Deux'l, and Choreography. .
WATCHES OF GREAT DISTION
TQGIVE AND WEAR WITH pRIB I.
Ref. 7317 ,, Nec Plus Ultra n ofselfwinding
watches 3t Jewels Gyrorron powered.
See the superb :960 Girard-Perregaux
t Selection,) models at foremost jewellers.
ON SALE AT TH
S': H A I T I S U N '' F und:y September 9th, 1963.
T. B. Control Program In Grand Anse mean that the children arQ b?- coastal villages. People there d
ing constantly exposed to a ter ot Ove as c!o.e together as they
Enters 6th .MIY enth tic a m ou n t of tuberculosis do in city homes and -market
through the adult population places. Their homes.-are farther
(Continued Irom page-l) or not the person with a posi- pared with BCG in extensive and unless they do receive pro- apart and the people t o a lot
evolving during this period will tive reaction to tutrerculin is animal studies and proved to tecton the children, too, will of their living ott of doors where
continue as a part of the work sic t. If the person is sick, the give superior protection, al- join the ranks of the infected as there is less crowding and more
of the Haitian Department of diseased area will show on the though its effectiveness in peo- about thirty percent a read % air space which lessens the
Health to be extended to all of X-ray. The X-ray diagnosis can pie has not yet been determin- fecthave this time ony an e- chance of breathing in tubercu-
Haiti. be confirmed through an exam- ed. festive vaccine can present this loss germs. ,
The first approach was to con- nation of the person's sputum. The vaccines are being admi- from happening.
duct a.pilot study to determirte If the sputum contains tubercle nistered under the rules of a numbe r of positive regard to th Around 5,000 peoplduring the pltu-
I the extent of tuberculosis in the bacilli, the person has tubercu- controlled scientific study. soof positive reactors, berculin tested during the pilot
District "'6 Jeremie scientifical- losis without dotbt. that the effectiveness of both however, changed as the team phae of te of the HATT program.
ly by utilizing' the tuberculin If the X-ray does not show any. vaccines in people can be deter- moved inland to, more remote Those who received X-rays. had
:* test "andhest X-ray and, also, disease, the person with a posi- mined and compared, areas and to isolated coastal vii- to come to Jeremie because the.
to %wor1k Wot such details of ad- Live reactiofi is not sick with tu- ages. Here ouly about lifty per- equipment available was not sui-
miniseering the program as the berculosis, but he now knows It is known that both vaccines ceni. of the people tested had po ted to withstand )rugged trau.-
:-'best methods of transportation, that he is infected and Miay, are safe and that they do give sithve reactions. The areas test- portation-by boat.or jeep. How-
record keeping and follow-up. someday, develop tuberculosis if protection against tuberculosis. ed nc d e Grand Cayemite, ever, suitable portable equip.
.he does not take care of his The questions that the scientific Beaumont, Les Basses and Mo- ment is expected to be on hand
The pilot phase has essential- health, study hopes to answer include: on. by October, the month set for
ly been completed and the data The program of .1ATI provides How much protection in people expanding the program.
obtained is in the process of be- for treating-those persons whose and for how long? Do they give The variance in infection rates
ing analyzed. On the basis of its X-rays Piveal that they are sick enough protection to warrant between the- larger centers of The areas to be visited in. Oc-
findings, the program will be with tuberculosis. The sick per- widespread use throughout Haiti population and the isolated vil- tober have been selected and
expanded to. reach more of the son may be sent to a' hospital and, perhaps, other cuontries ages may be explained, in part, the best, transporfaiion to each
people of the District of Jere- for treatment, or he' may te which have a high rate of tu- by the following factors: i determined. HATI now has. two
nmie in 'October. treated as an outpatient at a berculosis? bewpeoplefrots, the HATI and the Spit-
Generally, the program of lJ. hospital, or he may be treated The American scientific group Few people from the "out- fire, a Land Rover; a jeep,, and
A.T.I. is carried out in the fol- at his home. L believes that the effectiveness of side" who migh bring tubercu- one horse as means of trans-
?--lowing manner; the vaccines can be evahiatd in losjssin with them ebme in Aind portation. Plans include' adding
A team of doctors and medic- Medical treatment consist' of six years, and all -vaccinees will out of the Isolated inland and another horse to thg ,fleet.
, al technicians -first enter a vill- anti-tuberculosis drugs.,bed rest, be followed for that length of
",age prepared to tuberculin test and surgery, if indicated. These time and receive periodic tu:.
the population. Someone, prefer- methods of treatment are some- berculin tests and chest X-rays
'S. ably a resident of the village,' time supplemented by giving to keep a check on their state .
. helps record the. names of the the patient concentrated prote- of health.
b. 'people %on cards by families or ins and vitamins to help build
. householdss. up his general physical condi- The vaccines are not given to
tion. In addition, the patient is people who are infected with tu-
Each person is then given an taught to. eat foods that will .'-berculosis. but only to those
injection of 'tubertbllin, a liquid give his body the most help, in whose reactions to the tubercu-
.. product that will reveal whether overcoming tuberculosis. The pa-"tin test is negative. The reason
or not a person is infected with tient is also taught sanitary for this is that a positive reae- -
Stuiberculosis;..-liat is,. whether or measures for the protection of tion gives the person as much
S r'.iot he has living -tuberculosis his' health' and the health of protection as that afforded by .
germs in his body. '. those close to, him. .' a vaccine. In the United States,
S .Forty-eight. hours latdr, the for instance, about one-third of
-4team returns to "read" or meas- The more-,Oedple in .a.'commu- the total population is infected ,
ure the person's reaction to the nity .who are sick'with tubercu- but only -about three percent ofr TROPICAL GAS OMPANY NC
a tuberculin. Depending uporn the loss, .the greater. is the chance those who are infected ever COMPANY.. INC.
'lack ot response or the size of that those who are not infected break down with tuberculosis. Makes everyday a "Holiday" in your kitcen.. Use
.the- reaction, the test is read as will become infected because tu- everyday "Hoiday" in your kiten,. Use
"negate'e"0or "positive" and tie 'berculosis is ah infectious-dis- .'P"r6'ction by vaccination, how- the "Gold Star Award" winner, ,the TROPIGAS.range.
4esuits .are .;recorded on. the ease. ever, has an advantage over the No finer range anywhere .today..
I!c s-. t4e: rrson'shame:- For. te protection of, people protection offered by a positive ,
4 A-7,.' i-,eg iave reading means that who are riot infected, two anti- tuberculin: Protection by vacci- EFFLEX TOP BURNER A single. flame with.
|.lr :is w-,rasno-o .tuberculosis tuberculosis vaccines are being nation may prevent thue infec- countless accurate stage of adjustment for ery cook
1ger. in hisBody, He may be given in the. ptgram. .tion as well as disease. A per-
ignn.eed from fast boiling or. frying down to. gentle
4 1- .'but' it is -lt because Pf O. ne" f the vaccines is BCG son who is not infected .cannot ing need from fast boiling or frying down to gentle
4/ick bt 'hois" to because 1. Onehofthawe w son who is not inetenano
t ciulosis. .. which has' been widely, used get tuberculosis. On the other bo .in g. .
o'oitive'reaction means .that throughout the world. The" other hand, the person who is infect- "
:,tl~- personn does have tiberculo- is Ri which ywas developed by ed, though this offers'him some EQUAFLO OVEN BUTRNER Makes possible neaw-
|t.iieR.tnms min his. 'body, but he Dr. Vandiviere and Dr,. Willis protection, 'can develop tubercu- perfection. Hea 'is spread in a rectangular, patern ,the
.a p'..or may not be sice, and their associates of tfe. North losis from the living tuberculosis shape of the oven and h'b"iler. No hot center, no cold
'.'--..e'tise,'Of the chest X-ray is Caiolina Sanatorium Syss e m. germs that he has in his body.
.-the key'to finding out whether The latter, R1, has been corn- corners. .
R '' .. The advantages of an effective "
,aanti-tubrculosis vaccine wold PIN POINT PILOTS Cool, econoniatle Pin PoIn
accrue mostly to the children of Pilots are only one third the size of ordinary pilots
SHlaiti and their future children, a flame so tiny it keeps range cool in any weather1 an
For instance, the tuberculin tests saves you money, too. ,-
-. S 1 given -to the people of Jeremie
o and surrounding areas, such as
The Direction of the Casino International take Trou Bonbon and Vieux de Je- HUGE OVEN with visualite window.
(-.pleasure to present to its amiable clients the Spec-. remie, revealed that almost 10t :
I (nfacle. of the SeaLwon: *4 percent of the population had po. LiFT TOP BURNER and PULL-OUT BROILEI fq|
sitive reactions after age twenty. easier, more thorough cleaning.
S- FOLIES ANTILLAISES1' One series .of 114 X-rays made '.
i4n. of eveni fifth school-age child fma
the lime-light, the FnklorioTroup ofthe in o f every ith wischool-age child -ECONOTROL BURNER makes every ustensils :
the results of their tuberculin .
-SHOW AT MIDNIGHT tests) ,,uncovered four active
S' CHOICE MUSIC BY cases of tuberculosis and two Lifetime guarantee of all burners.
THE CASINO INTERNATIONAL suspected cases.
b t Too many features to hst here. You must see It to
directed 'by the The- active tuberculosis oas6 prc te it. "s t t
At erlois d ppreciate it. Easy terms too.
S MAESTRO QUESNEL DUROSEA t rate 'among adults is believed
S. to be considerably higher, al-
thoegh the exact rate has not TROPICAL GAS COMPANY INC.
yet been determined. This would RUE PAVEE
a--.' ../." .". :' ... .. :. .. ,- P A rJI' *
!&f.__'_...: 3. -., '.- -. -. .- -. .. .
i:^l ^^ at ^ ^,t _.....".** ^ .:; *^..:.^..^,.:,j,.^:. :,:,.
- Sunday September 9t, 1963
''HA 1 T UN
* tPANORAMA DU FOLKLORE HAITIEN" application of this lainw.ogc 23, 19627- "A Book on-;th, Ha. to.t bring out his true self...
Letter From Michel 1. Honorat To with a view of promoting the tian Folklore" and signed: j JU-' It seems that' your publication
Letter From Michel .L.. [oloorat To evolution of the Haitian cominu- LES. has an excellent and rare qua
Author Emmanuel C. Paul nity. This community facing lity: quality which puts off the,
(Continued from page 1) facts, is confined to the pxag- the disturbances of the Western In spite of your efforts to pre- track those people who neyv&
*. Your objective was not only e r a te d specialization of t h e civilization and enduring the vent any misunderstanding of had any sympathy for .our ol
,to "let people know", but also American method. The interpe- impact of the relation from misappreciatiori, there is A real ancestral traditions'
-.%to "let them understand". To netration of all the branches of causes to effects, between its confusion in the mind of Mr. ,
reach this objective, you used cultural Anthropology calls for slowness and the current pro- JULES that. should be 'studied Once more, congratulations
the .interpretative method. The more than a simple description gress of the other -members of with perspicacity. If I could and felicitations -
methodology is not simple, but of the facts: its requires also humanity, presents a corn- follow my inkling to put aside
':it -takes in the contents,of the the explanation, the constios plexity capable of putfg off for a moment work I am do-. "
* l,'whole work. The same princip- analysis of concepts and forms, the track the most lucid people. ing, I should -psychoanalyze him' Michel -.amartinIere .onoriat'
.:'le guided me during-the inves- in order to bring out human un- In the very;mniddle of this corn- .
i't.tigations for the publication of derstanding in time and space. plexity, it is quite impossible to .
'i-tny book "The Folkloric Dances Understanding it is your great- point out the cultural contribu-
- of Haiti". est rit,, my dear Paul. -' tion of the community without ATTENTION! YOU
r .These days, mete ethnogra- NIevertheless, the interpreta-1 running into the complexes
viphy, which only reports the tive method inust be helped by brewed from thd mutual ac-' Wh .,Lv Y e
a;-" & positive mind, and strict log- tion of the different cultures Who .Love Your Pets
ib'.- .Charming Jamaica ic, which 'o not mismterpret! which helped to mould our mo- NOW AVAILABLE
i' Party Visits the- easily misunderstood facts, saic... There is something Fresh allies Vaccine
| of popular culture.. And those worse, some shortsighted pers. Flea-Go'Powde A qi ,
A charming party of Jami- facts present a wide range of ons consider it as a illdoer who
'cans ended an enjoyable fort- interpretation. When someone! encourages the persistence of ( s ts and lice)
"'nliglit vacation in Haiti this tries to explain too much a fol- the so-called old superstitions Other Veterinary Supplies
"week and-left behind them the kloric fact, there are manybeliefs... What happens then? A D .MA TI
warmest feelings. of friendship. I chances that the philosophy of Between the method of work, CLAUDE MARTIN.
"" The .party included sympath- the people whose naivety or the researches and their re- 20 Rue-lone Fof
"'Wtic -Mrs. Gladys Day, her "mi- depth does not reach or sur- suits, he is obliged to abandon .
nonne" daughter Marcia and passes scientific knowledge be very often his intellectual occu- -
Sfamnily friend Mrs. Bernice Ste- misinterpreted. ,I am sorry 13 option to explain to everyone '
phens. -- bave' not enough time to under- that his job- doesn't imply an
Gladys is the sister of Haiti's take a discussion about the interpretation of the facts he
-old and fast friend Ed, Brand- chapter HI devoted to Folklor- collected, but the display of .a CENTRE D'ART NOTICE
ford .and Bernice owns the corn- ic Dances. A simple question of large amount of knowledge to
portable "Ho m e Accommoda-t terminology -9-not of essence or be used by other missiohulies, ote To Art Connoisseurs
tions" at -7 lHgzley Park -road concepti6n- seems to oppose other specialists who would di- T
in Kingston. us in a slight divergence. In rect the opinion of the readers The CENTRE D'ART is open ALWAYS dalt,
.,kiwing their pleasant stay fact, the same positiviim puts in one way or another..." from 9- am to 12:30 pm
herge they were ,lodged at the us in the midst of the interpret- In the same study I thought from 2:30 pm to 5:00 pm *
Pension .Flaibert. i action to be given to the mater- along with Dr. Georges Bdlan-'
S als ,ve collected, studied and dier: "The profession of Ethno- And Sundays by appointment.
.. .lained- for the- fuTh-comprei logist needs a protection against! ,
hension of folkloric facts that: the pressure qf hurried solli-i
we have not invented. citors and the complacency of, Permanent exhibition hang on the gallery's Second *toe
S' ..... In "-Temoignag'e -sutr la vie et the courrterfeiters." and a current show hangs in the gallery's first floor.
In "Temoigge -Sur la vie et a c
S' l'Oeuvre du Dr. Jean Price- My last considerations, dear Persons, with an appreciation of art will be reward-
/:": o! Mars", when considering the in- Paul, put an end to. this letter, ed by visiting the Art Center.
fluence of his thoughts, I point- while I wish to call your atten-; FOUNDED IN 1L944 Rae de la Ievolute
.. ed out the delicate position of tion to an article printed in "Le
VIRGINIA the Ethnologist in our complex Nouvelliste" of Thursday Aug.
Republic. "The Tragedy of the
Ethnologist, I said then, is that
he is confronted with a situa-
problem of knowing the Haitian H.I-W-il
JOSEPH NADAL C Co and his envi9onmenf' -and the PANTAL Oldp
Dr. RENE CHARLES
Former member of the- Departient of Medicine of
Sthe "Mount Sinai Hospital" New York and of "Strong
SMemorial Hospital" Rochester University N.Y.
i- .INTERNAL MEDICINE
t (DIABETES, Nutrition, Obesity Liver,
Clinic Pape, '87 Bois Verna
'hoq'lone: 5052 Residence: 232 Lalue.
INDISPENSABLE FOR '
MHE ENJOYABLE PARTY'
AGENTS FESTIVITIES *
The only sweet LIQUEUR made in Scotland ona
the basis ot the finest pure old SCOTCH WHISKl.
Indispensable for festivities and for oevry occa- .
i son. 4
EXCLUSIVE AGENTS: .
L. Preetzman-Aggerholm & Co.
I ^ ^ ^ ^^ ^ ^
NND SUPERB AND FAMOOS
C Qguali t. .0go dm Sisal.
GRAND RUE atetu tin go U.6. PHONE : 2.6-8 49
I F SHER' S
CORNER SHOP -
RUE BONNE FOI
HAITIAN MAHOGANY CRAFIS STRAIGHT
FROM OUR OWN FACTORY
LIBERTY OF LONDON FABRICS FRENCH- PERFUME "
CREDIT CARDS ACCEPTED
FREE PORT PRICES
P' PA('pI' I
si( 10ot1 imed from page 1)
year. It proved true in every
respect. First, it gave us the
proof of what the national ef-
fort pould realize -at the level
of national finances. For the
.first time four (4) years the
Budget of the Government has
been .carried through without
any budgetary help or foreign
assistance. More than anything,
this liabit 'had the tendency to
put in the functioning of the Pu-
blic Finances a pernicious spir-
it of facility and National -resi-
gnation. 'Indeed, a large part of
I' public opinion can't realize that
a National Budget may be exe-
Scutect without direct foreign aid.
We shall give evidence disprov-
I ng -this as often as will be ne-
Then, the present year has
.given us the opportunity to
5 make a survey of our errors
-,, and to -acknowledge our limits.
Without any complacency for
our efforts, we have analyzed
the execution of the Budget. We
think there in a long stretch to
:be covered as much in the ori-
entation. gf Public Expenses as
-in the collection of the taxes.
We are decided to dc- our ut-
i most to improve the Budget of
.:the Republic, to convert it into
a representative Document,. and
(-.agent 'of the general Policy of
'I .my Government. in the line of
-the Public Expenses, since 'last
1 year, we--have adopted the sys-
tenm of "Credits by activity of
Service". Starting next year,
.'-this -method will enable us to
., find -out the.,productivity '-f the
Different public services: dad tj
.ia.earry out plans 'to minimize E
*wastage; likeyisq -it will allow
-is 'tostait projects within, cer-
ita Minhisterial -Department or-
leoincentfle olud effort on
Sofie activities- at the prejudice
Mless' efficien others. -.
..As ifrthe mobilizationof .Pu:
bli e resources3 we are sure that
Fiscal Evasions frustrate the
Government -of an important
"percentage of income from tax-.
e. .and duties.- A serious effort
i willbe. made duringthe next
rsi.s 'fear' to 'reach .in a* more,-
.covenlent way the matter sub-'
lmitted tob..-taxation.- As for In-
r:e[al Taxes, it Will aim to a
t-eqpfte. revision of ourT system
Mi.view .of simplifying tax col-
iton. proceedings, of caincell-
in the so called "Nuisance
MTaes" calling for a big effort
'of collection' resulting however
]- FLOODS IN
Six hours of torrential
ruin at Montrouis caused
.extensive .flood dam age
aid' according to a report
tublishled in' "Le 3our" 3
.persons were 'carried off
b.y flood waters at Roseau
:they.are presumed to
bfhe (ood watprs caused
1e most damage at Pier-
m ayali where a stream
P '.olen by the rain burst
-baMk an4 demolished
ber of. homes.
K ,.,; ', -- -..- -- .
tol : 4:,;- ...,.: .... .,
ER '',.' .'Y''''..' :" "::.
one project or plan year to an-
other due to the biennal cycles
of the Coffee crop on which de-
pends the whole economy of the
(A comparison 'of "the amount
of the' coffee crop for preceding
...The year 1962-1963 was con-
sidered as a low crop year-ex-
ceptionally good within a cycle
of- reduced production. It was
thpn necessary to consider a
draw tack... In ordqr to pre-
vent this "stumbling-block, it
was .then decided to -adapt the
Budget to the Biennal Cycle of
the Coffee Crbp.
The concept of a Biennal Bud-
get is not .a new theory in the
Science of Finances, but it is,
the first time it is 'applied to
;ilblic efpenses,.in -:Hati. Of
course, thefe was no -question
of .voting a Budget for two
,ears,-it would be against the
:onstitution-,but only an adap-
alafxin ws made .taking .into c-
ount the Haitian conditions and
he regulations of the Interna-
id al Monetary Fntids. In har-
mnny with this institution which
adopted right away the Haitian
uggeitions' on a- Biennal Bud-
;et. it 'was agreed to compute
he income upon a" basis of two
years -a good and a bad one-
ttarting from well established
statistical calculations. The. ave-
-age Revenues of those .-two
rears should constitute the res-
ective. budget of each of" the
ext two years...
...This' computation led us to
determine. the total amount of
the next budget -1962-1963 at
Gdes. 144,000,000, 'in'. full coop-
eration with the Mission of In-
ternational M o n e t a r y. Fund,
after discussions, during the
last weeks, of -the renewal of
the Stand-By Agreement ac-
dbrding to which our BNRH is
assured to have enough Dollars
for the. exchange operation-if
need be during the next year.
In.-comparison with the pre-
.ceding Budget, it seems that the
.simple calculation reveals tha.
the exercices are well balanc-
ed, with however a" great deal
of improvements, regarding the
You will note the differences
which appeared in the project
of Budget for 1962-63:
1)-G. 1,000,000 to the Depart-
ment of Agriculture and Natpr-
al Resources- for the function-
ing of Rural Schools built by
the Haitian-American Coopera-
tion for Education and. the Ru-
ral Norrh&l School.
2)-G. 109,820100 to Foreign
Affairs. Department for the pay-,
ment of debts to International
3)-G. 600,000.00 to' the Dept.
of Education for the monthly
payments of new teachers.
4)-G. 123,400.00 to the Dept.
of Labour and Social Wdlfare
for its program of Rural Crafts-
5)-G. 20,000.00 to the Dept.
of Coordination for the rewards
"Prix Dumarsais Estime" and
C. 50,000.00 to the Service of
the Border area.
6)-G. 552,964.00 to the Health
Department for the Nursing
School, the functioning of some
projects of the Pbte Cole, "Pi-
lot-Project". of 'Cul-de-Sac. Plain
to be, realized in cooperation
7)-G. 165,596,00 to the Dept.
of Commerce and Industry 'for
the functioning. of a .civilian
Aeronautics Bureau, the organi-
zation of the Cooperatives Ser-
vices and the textile workshop:
8)--G. 57,000.00 to the Just!ce
Department for the furniture
and the equipment 'of the "Tri-
cording to the specifications
suggested to us and through a
great deal of work. If unfortun-
ately it turned to a work of
"Science-Fiction", believe me it
is only a temporary misfortune
when we are not able to scrut-
inize the consciences and the
hearts nor to convert into real-
ity the most secret interior, nor
is it allowed us to convert dark
nights into sparkling days. I
tell .you again, this misfortune
is temporary, because we will
undertake- this program, not
like a rich and prosperous fi-
nacier but with the confidence
of the honest and busy worker,
conscious of' his responsibilities
and the powerful presence of
the. claims of a scoffed and cur-
sed population. Why? I asked
you once in one of my preceed-
ing address. We will take our
ime, but you will see that the
promises I made 'during the
'presidential campaign 'were not
elector.l-talks forgotten as soon
as I had delivered them.
To. those who are following
with attention the daily efforts
of the government, T shall re-
mind that the big work has al-
ready started. -The Permanent
Committee of Economic Liber-
ation is" workingg hard. The con-
struction of 9,000 houses is un-
dertaken at "Cite Simone 0.
Duvalier". Actually about 1,000
houses are almost. completed.
Those 'houses will accommodate
the dwellers of "La Saline" in
a center appropriate-to the tra-
ditional economic activities of
, this population. Progressively,
this program will b'e extended/
to the back-country according
to .the specified productive pro
FOCUSING, COMPOSING AND
EXPOSURE SETTING IN ONE
REFLEX CAMERA WITH
NI KOR 50mm F:'2.5 LENS.
15mm SINGLE -LENS--
Sunday September 9Th, 1932
S196263 BuD iget .'cct of the next one is reg- bunal Terrien' (La,.d Co.iti
is U9 6 U uuu60 uJ i is'ering a definite drawback 01 tiansierrea to P-ort iau Prin-..
in almost nothing, 4d, I l.,, million gourdes. As stra ige Al Ilowed to ne De,.. 0.
to reinforce the most logical s It may seem, it is however I,ajnaices a spe-cidil r'und o l Sa-
tax Posts. a slight improvement, of which onlization of G. 2,000,000 in view
For the Custom Duties, the we -are giving proof in the fol- of sealing up any gap in the
application of the new Code and lowing. In the actual project, collection of Taxes and Duties.
Tariff and the reinforcement of we didn't consider as current Here are the main elements
the control will increase and account the value of Gdes. of the projects of Budget tnal
stabilize the Custom revenues... 3,000,000 reserved in the pre- my Government intends to car-
What is the surest way to sta- ceeding Budget for the cons- ry out for the Fiscal year 1962-
bilize the Budget? To what level truction of the Jet Airport. This 1963.
should it be fixed for the sta- amount will go to a special ac- However, there is a question
bilizatiorn to meet the minimum count out of the budget. Some to ask. What will be the parti-
revealed by the 1961-62 Budget? -items of our Public Debt have cipation of the Government of
The statistics, in this respect, now been adapted to our cycle ihe Republic in the economic
are r a t he r discouraging. It of revenues; they represent also development of the N at io n?
seems that even a short or long Gdes 3,000,000. Finally, we have Last year, I had announced, the
term program can't be envisa- Gdes. 2,000,000 as "masse de start of a short-term program
ged. manoeuvre" which were not of Economic Development. We
The total amount varies -from used during this past year. A have planned ,this program ac-.
Officers' Pensions "
The following officers are pen:-
stoned off and their pensionwill
be liquidated on Octobeg 1st. r
196 -2: .'.. ,t
Captain Arcel Toussaint, 9. -
Captain Esau Jn-Joseph nM'"
dre, Gdes. 660.00; t '
Lieutenant Jn-Dieiivlle Guer-
rier, Gdes. 495.00 .
-Lt. Granvil St. VIL G. 412.50.
Lt. Alphonsi Denls, G. 495.00;
Lt. Dumar Cherenfant, Odes.'
Sub-Lt. Lemithe BelloftA, G.
Sub-Lt. Antoine BenIs Gles.j
. M I M P
IR CE -
New At: LITTLE EUROPE
THE HOME OF EXQUISITE GIFTS
i i, "_ ,
, '.. -
* ;~-,~- ". -- '
-- ~ -' i'--1' -: ~ -. ;- r..~ ~
jects of our two year Plan. To'
prevent any possible s!ownesp?
or delay, the financial resource,
for these works were kept out
of 'the Budget and poured into
a special account of the BNRH.
These resources may reach the
amount of G. 2,000,000 during
the next 1962-1963 Budget. ,I
will be happy to display before
you next year what the Nation-
al Effort will have been able
to realize. Along with this Efi -.
fort, some basically indispens-
able works of infrastructure
will be undertaken, starting in,
October thanks to new fiscal'
sacrifices. We will thus try to'
maintain a certain level of jobs-
by means of redistribution oLf,
National wealth, avoiding the
increase of'the actual deflation.
I seize this occasion, to point
out in public the tremendous
job which is carried on by the-"'
"Movement of Renovation- Na--,,
tionale" under my direction.,,.
When the' realization of this
"Mouvement" .are not systema-
tically silenced, they are denig-
rated. At a time the gerieral
economy showed marked stag-.
nation, this organization is the
only one to increase the .fields..
of National Efforts and to set
out a program for the benefit of
the masses whose good effects'
will be felt along with there'
spreading of its action... -.
...By the way, don't believe,,
that my government is indiffer-
ent to the solution of our bener-
al problems: power, roads, prd"P
motion of the agriculture... "
We will fight together against-,,r.
pov-eHy and we will win... a.;,.
nation can't die... ... ;
Siuniday September '9tb-, 196!-'
".H -A-IT1I .,-S-UA .. .- ...- ..- .
'- ". ':-4 ::.'1 = '.: : ; ; .
Ad 'the Teledo
A. thi, to-. your colection .of night watchmien. s toes .-
el;one. sent a small boy intotown to ask theman the
at.es"' fo!r to send out some .gas so .he cold Flit. .he mos4|
S,;wq e keeping 'im aware at night! -Another couple of t,
onel!te"names to cope. with are ."Miroir, des Angei," and "L
usr La?. nit to mention Did'St. Luce. -The Boy ~C!cQU laqd'
job surely has..paid off. 'That's one of the prettiest, sp6ots
n -jthe.Boul'.----Meanwhile, back in the States,. what with tei
It bf-wigs-a guy must have to identify his date by a distin-'
mark to-c.owif he's taking' out the same girl twice. -Donx
t it'CAro (Fidel) Pereira showed" up first part of. the wek
eface as naked as a jaybird.. Attaboy,. Carlo, back to the
s.ykck "shadow and show. .'em odu're a man. -Mrs. Cl' ford'
4-aa .d-A the Brandtlets took off for the U.S. last Tuesday.
broken:letric line in'town Tuesday had the linchers at the.
t li"1arbdii' -Rond Pont leaning "back from the ttables.ito
ptrsplration 'froi 'dripping on their plates. Like a lot- p-
e 47 5Pri. appliances, air conditioning -is-' wodderfu when it
r... .4 ee-Gerard ialthaza. made-the news again" the other-
'.,Never unde'-estimate the power of a woman (especially her
setrinngs); ,:-he all-time late arrival' of ,the Evangeline las'
e.sfay.4had Agefice Citadelle in a-ditper- -They handle thli shore
.. uos i -frI* that ship. She. docked about -.5 o'clock and .thert the
is.caime. And how! Looking back, Tuesday was quite arnevent-
day, in'.a way.. -Pat.Weekly is back,, .patched up like .new.The.
aucos blane'- all, ,his ills on -nerves. k-The Jean-Claude Fou-
sas wajifig gme is over. It's a .9-pound boy, tiamed Dmitri;
o.Wednosday, following Tuesday, as it usually -does, there'
-, waiter inthe R4nd Point area..Dan .Alen asked one 'of hi!i
'stomers who .had come. in and gone right -to .the ien's' room, if'
.'.had turned .the water off. (Joke).. Th e.'man :answered, "Y!es,
d'Tjust' put some in your reservoir too!" Coops!. -Most reveal-
nole,-of 1ll-on'rthe 'Wail" in Berlin'is' a sign'in a former pub's'
o.wind w with a verse toe.heeffebt that so near to th-'t.Mauere'
4 -'. .,: .
all), bth the. wine,.and the general tnood has.become Aur''.-
p jblikeeper- has-retreated to Schoeneberg. -Lopg, lei ai.d
Chip Mobre (George's son), has a habit of saying, "Merci-,
.coup-and-a-half". 'These kids!'-Tom Dell celebrated his fth
mversy at ElI Rancho on. Saturday by 'thr6wiriga nice dinner
rty Everyone else at El Rancho comes and .goesi,'hut -Tom
es on forever! ..Vive la Dell! --Speaking of hotels, Choueoupe will
full again all next week. Group business is ith;i specialty. Mu
I and Rene Marini are planning a visit 'to-New York about mid-
eptember. -Colgate-Palmolite donated a big box 6f their. pro-
ncts to the Evangelican Mission last week. -If .anyone :t, i.iter-
ted, I know. where there are two dictaphones for ale (used), at
-gain prices. All I want is 5 percent Most likely takers. should
Georges Heraux, Andy Anderson or Pierre Chauvet, or maybe
ie of the hotel managers. A busy' executive- never ihow-s flow
ch time he can save until he's used one (don't let your secre-
tell you she doesn't know how to use one-she can learn (in
easy lesson). -What's this.. war of nerves between Aubie and
? What gives?. And a little bird told me that Tony is planning
rip to the altar in the Fall --DouDou Koehler is off for a
month's vacation to the U.S. about Sept. 12th. She's hunting her
lacement now. --In case you're one of those people who has
the medicos' launch from Jeremie at the wharf and thought.
name "HATI" was a misspelling of Haiti, you'll be hiaipy, to
that stands for Haitian-American Tuberculosis Institi.e.-
't. Pat Hurley, commander of the warship McDonoughl of the
U.h Navy, in-harbor last week, ,was the only one who remembered
i~dsbreakfast aboard invitation Thursday a.m. He sent his launch
aclk at 6:30 to pick up invitees, but nobody showed. His ship came
riom the independence celebrations in Kingston and is leaving
iere for Trinidad to celebrate their's. They have a 14-piece band
.n .board (a borrowed one) for the occasions. Imagine borrowing
Sbapnd! It's a good idea-let there be musicat least.
IDENTITY PHOTOS PASSPORT PHOTOS
'DEVELOPING ENLARGEMENTS REPRODUCTIONS
FASTEST SERVICE IN TOWN
Avenue Marle-Jeanne, No. 5 Cite de I'Exposltion
4- 6 If O e-''"n".. it WO l di-eZ w"
A -. "- ".. .-. -D ": .j: *o
(Continued from page 6) official prediction fell .in. te-B,-' B. iuat oleI*- Y
'A common factor segms to C, or b range .: tt
ve operated to reduce or, ex-.; 'The. p pose o the ~ l t.- bo %tahd;Ui
arid coffee production and to'-. mentary Vtx..picpld' hebP"to b ride-t.::itn '
4aise or lower. food prices -- "captee, for thel- ee coae ee e
,actor o powerful that'it, over- fare, af part-f indfalls due 'o au
helms the( d`eand- effect( it favorable natural f :.tors stability (hw"eu;,
seens to me, no% that is high -.World pices. ,incht 'ami
puat be -weather "Favorabile- cli would be.'the objective there- -mnprogran l
4ivatic conditions- bring about a ceipts migh:well turned- ide a
ge coffee, crop.. and, at- the -bver "tov as-iecal" econ d avalab
"ne. time, ablinipmally large ,. velqppment accoht in theN- .
tops, ol- -corn, pefit-mi, red' .tionalBank, ito be- expedeild ,irpi gr&,
means andd rice. .'The fact that directly: for. development: pro-, p
e correlation doas- not hold as ts or; 'evi-rbetter-; used -tp high s
well f9r rice. and :plantins'is service :. 4dvelppinnt iloans.1h In. b .1 -- 3-
obably onfirnaing. eevidence- edt~r t ise, -the- 'fund ..MibtlIdbe:. :,iale
these. 'are primarily irrigated -- J.adled. in suizp" IlaiOh ata' "t ar
rop. Finally cotton is on the projectss continue diru low. aje
:ppiosite cycle from coffepd Rain tax years-i.e. o lhat .wi dfas ans
in -ertain, seasonswhich ivors finance .-a'continous develop ed changes
'coffde is danagi g otton pri ogrami le
and a. generally et .season en. no-.ri
courage the, b611 weevil. The above is 'uimply.. an ex- Haitiai apb
Thus' far it" has not been.pos.- ample of. a different approach. "-tc i~ or
sible to confirm tr e above hypq- to, theecoffee tax problem. Aiy .thing mor than
thesis with di re' t- evidence thing which can bHe- i o e Iakh Ding could'be maa L
ifri' rainill' tables. But-;the advantage of excejtiohally good-.! lihne ', '' iflA
price data alone. is quite con- ;
vincing., This, retreat to, a _na- ..' -
tural explanation' is somewhat .i .U .' .'...
disheartening since- ^te.theory-- .' U -.
tends io 'rede'e the scope "-' '" '
dity- probably remains m th -- .
first two. explanations ,i.o.eyv -- '. '
for o4- ini oads- to iade" ... .
the Tmagnitude o f tB Ydct -.u
.tions ^by ,-..efffeMe5-ti e o r .-
po .cy. n 8 ,- .
'if itt is -bsile o
the ad tinist att r
there is mnuchhtobe "d i,' :i
cognition of revenue 'e
ments and inabiity: t-lv, v,
come. or property ties on" the ..
peasants--cobined wth &a sd'i,
plementaty tax based on..pt0 e
and size of crop. The tax might 6M
be, set .up as .follows. By July .
of each year it would be poss- "
ible to make a-- rugh-estiiate -,
of the. size of the new crop,, to .
be 4hare egi n le,-m "
August oW arly eat -
Quantity .'tio 9t
set up in the law, as indicated "
Size Design- -Bags of ...- .
ation o0 Kilos
A-Poor crop under 350,000 ,
B-Fair crop'- 350,000 to 425,000 ; Noisoap, not" a
C-Good crop 430,000 to 500,000 rea -Halo cannot Gvfra 'ant
D-Excellent crop Over 500,000 leave dulling, dirt- "sof-water" lather
Also, the law would contain catching soap film! -nelds no special rinsel-
three sets of supplementary tax
rates, depending on the price of
Santos 4. If A were officially Removes embarrassing ,. Halo leaves hai.soft, .'-f
predicted, automatically, o nly Sdadiuff from both hair j manageable-shining with
the basic specific tax would ap- and scalp!. colorful ,natid hi igh.s '
ply for that season. Increasing-
ly steep schedules would be "
applied, automatically, when the Yes aping" ur hair with
even finest lquidor oil)y cream
'""h p~oo leaves dullig,
CACTOUE ISLAND dirt-catching film. Halo, made The arrest
."TBO BEACH" with a new ingredient. contains / seIll
ONLY-30 M1NIFICHS no soap. no sticky oils. l
PROM PORT-AU-PRINCE Thbs Halo glorifies your hair shampO
ENTRY (INGLUDING( the very first time you use it.
Ask for Halo-America's Iln
RO T- P favorite shampoo-- today. America
blade. 50 Ce t s
Private Dressilng Bo Halo reveals the hidden beauty of the haiT
Wiite Sand Beach -. -.
."- I '-O-V.,:",.: --: : ,'-,,,:, % : ;- r I ".- '; :, : -:. ,.7: --,."
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Sociologists From. 50 DONATION TO ST-VINCENT I I I -%,:, M'. %.,. i
:,- -x, 'g J- 2-
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FOR HANDICAPPED ,,:'
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I I ,- 1 -1 ,,, I I I I I ,
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""-' L 4-Washiugton, Auk. 31 I!-,, dicapped Children 'was the: reci- ceived the gifts on behalf of St. i:,:
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,;, 'Social, faclors influence econom- pient on Thursday, August 30, Vincent's SchooV, and helped -to 1. .' : 7 I I
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10 development and how econo- I ,a donation 'of toys and gifts present them to the children. ,. "I ; X,,,*,,, -
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rmc modernization affects so for 100 children as a result of, The -USS Macdonough, in ex- 7. I E, .
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,- cial: patterns will be one of the a generous gesture on :the part pressing its concern jor the wel- -',':, L ::.- ,j-'
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l- I I- -men. of th capped children, ". .;.V I
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.. I U.S. Navy destroyer. Macdon- continues the fine' tradition of :::I .' .1 1 I
''iltli World Congress of, S I -:j --1 ,..:'-
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,; 11 .. ough, which is currently making a whole.series'of US Naval units -',
-166 here next week. '-,.,,,, .,:,,. es
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I Ab6ult, Jl dele'gates ftom I .11 ..,.,111nl -. -1 000, its1irst viit to Port au. Prince. Which have f urthered local pro '. v,i,,,.R.-' ,
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" I Commander, W. G. Hurley, jects through .the donation of ,.
?- 'more than' 50, countries I .. -., :, 1 I" II .
,.- are ex I el'...x-111 10.. ,;. '., l: ;. .,; ,d-
e -to' Captain of the .vesse materials, I.- ... .,-. >,; ,
-- Pect d attend the 'September I 1, Lt.. Q.g) money, gifts, building X", .. X. .,; ,- .
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'' Lvther'W. S Ion, Communica- and skiIIed'labor. The.USS Fre- ,<.V,.:,:]4, 1.
,2-8 ,Meeting. it, 'is.. be'ing, held I I ..,4. -:,5. ,', ,:, I. I ...
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- I I I I ic Sof,UNESC(j tions and Special Services Otfi- mont,.'USS Mullphen, the. USS :,.. ,', .. I
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,- ti 'l, 8 F ,. and'Second Class in addition. to, the USS Macdo-j .., S.:::.'- .,.:- .- I
cientific' and Cjjltura' : aymoriville I I ,': .. i,
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f, I Radarman ,Carl. Rice, and the; ough, have made. contributions 1- Y'Z.,,5, -,X,x;";'., '',,.''
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% ", L -- I 11 I n Eiiibasy's Cultural to worthy local -projects under .1 ::, .., .".
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-" Mmund R. M?4r- program o vate coopera-; .1. --
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,k -;,bev6lop ent en- tion kn I I to of m other main p4y, rticipated In the pres own'Rs the "Peop 1. ,:l 1
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v,,qicpica 61 "the cnf4ence'w'ill be tation ceremony. I I People' progralp I I I., I 11 11 I 1 1. --
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'-7 -,'M 4 'Zociologists, 'the Poij ,-, I 11 1. -1 A vote of thanks to the offic- Officers and mcil'of.the USS Macdonough,-,onateJq -,
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1 lili-"6ia : and' the'- Publi and Sister Joan Marga'ietj whose ers and men of the USS Macd0117 Capped children at St. Vincent's, School, llot aq P -
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k-:;"Thd`Natur I e 7.,and Problems of chiaritab -f Jal cohscience st ath I I I I I""
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I I I I I I I PairticipaC Lt., (j.g.) Luth Sk .
.1 I I 1- iig in th enlation are:
-l,,,'., The World C'biigr6ss lollows ,. : I .1. I I t .1 I 1. -e pres ,_ I I I ,!Br, ,?,.
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K--,,ihe 57th:*A'n'nua11Meetin'g, 'of, the' \.% -' 1, -1 I I I I ) I Communications, and ial Siftvices Officer'; lbommandor,: V.--,.
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ty September 9ethT. -" 1" os
-"I :'':hr14,1 T ehoc .dust,.d nd &
GEORGE COMMELLGY prominent importer or St. To tat the -mobilae Undiovi- breakdown of ~- e
s, Virgin Islands1 was'a visitor-at Rancho on Monday, joined eo:- l edeu n1'ion prognr-.n ..--,B-rat roof
C;O iMELLEY..on Wednesday, The Commeleys 'own the a.dx. It cai. ao be an ex- ort '-f desi" .
cjd-storabge piant in St. Thomas... FLYINGERY- tourist t'rayga ce in erms rof wresebs e 'wh 'e
i s4stiere is: active.., ANDRE LOPEZ, president ol'TBringuen time; Expense -u4 maint.- ing cost ad"'wegh -. A.
&Co .San Juan hada large .-4 plan land at; Bowen Field ee .problems.. d Bhereh -ide stiB e. i'"nia 5Up^ot
$ transportt ofMs product throughout -the Caribb a e e nc.... ht. expctl-useakers a ha andu .
.or o bthe rmobil aso large eTo.gh t
F.RITZ DEBROSS experienced a fall Saturday rom ,ni ..m.. m, 'tographi tiois
caued her immdate -hospitalization. It was feared her ich : y ase in the roo "' ,..
-...-h.aro o.e m. r A-.r:e ..
fractured and ,Wednesday noon-,she underwent' s et d -bitthe..e
ito. Her mother flew dowp frm .the States. and ,G re-' t to meet certain pe- Aprojecion st
vered ro her coma and recognized her; allher; all her numerous ui y h"o 'specs' -.inclu" ded sin 'pr. ect ci
IR,^or"t 'r,,".a* ef-e;^ 7^.^ --neid& ore h' .du.
,, ids -ar e praying, -f her asto.V&. ; oER -.ft -. a.W all consider modifying, a4. or- audino" 'I.- alad a bhci,
a.for iu Moday a Ij~.l return n, th e.; sa ui t unit tailor-mde for Hati; -o- o thel Iboa of t
,ee MYRNA e GlIE 'daughr A ;' AN building"yoir own. bert Wessenan sent two The s tl
.LO RE an. -gra dA-ughtei, of the ,- i"a. ,". s. o--ui equipment w'hcli must,.
LOIRE; will wed. C.jfe.n, CuRISTIANeT"o.W ..MIc- Agcultural information work- uelo. ,with the paatment leadd tthe vehicle. -Even this
-au ..ce f. Ch. ie.. .n a. ,dt er in Haiti. decided, that. they oleAgricult. an4d P be liden iia w
2... ,- .needed a large-. .oeh...le which .be-used akim the projectint-
r-ofSaMin'rimty optebper 28th. tOu4g. ,,-e- could carry exhibits n additii Haiuian triends dung s face. But the niusllnn -Creei
It .....& w...e.t-, to theestan di p efit, .I t n her e f i-p i te provides two-way i.. w c
S a. e -. A- built-in.. -generator was' .ndt -oodu s.e. be. pointers wil. better accommodate large.. '-
mi on the. Garrefour road.. PICARI SA ade quatbecause. thised the he piked .pin.Hati withF..pont groups. There hare several, adu-
d doing th esaime good business de it&+ lktebepi':.. CROS' function to a: paticular :vehicle,. Four Missions in -Ecuador. Vt- atags. to this sarrangdm nt;:
EORGE-_ PRRY .is 'operating the&i'-.n." te u..ntpa o and' occasionally, .schbe:d.l-ed nezuela and Colomiba. an ther ag e o tis, ror corVd~S -t;
eot shop n Ave Joh. Brown... the. ere, M AGESat functions had .to be "calied'off ".* f tor ..people to, .trip over, di. to
flATE; (theown, th.coHbie's ,m...on the ede to h..cameal tb pll e. quipmenr off he stan.,;
o. mohe l .i l u -. the vehide -' ed with either of the latter am- b) in event -of- rahti, lleqtrI
on **at a hr ionth "ni" ",re'ednof":Beium ,. sn e pt th'u ..e .
t, BdNIFA'CE'retor of hePort.deb,,c.ani unU;was on0.teplgtning board:. 6-- A .ery 'useful gadget is sa aged) .can .be saely.dput c eisei;
cingatmeFrcas c- ofthe co -voltage transformer-. t side the vehile iess .
esto to- e .new osstor SGaa t six b ien es only .ute weelro tea called doe vibrato oe te h t ome
~ required-for .modificat on of the inveet=wa This lutc, r n easily mani In su,'e .
,avicle ac. l s BDY TIPbONNHEFIL is off to, Ohid to s.dy .Eng-ehile into ut- pptamat ionrirts e- it' .. ::
eering.s: ''When he-gRETE'A PIERROTa was "ueturgthoo.fro'fan 'ando.the cost. s l han-thiut rert :. cle thr i
sia rthe S she:o igchted a- gNw p ofr Cah Moreafogies -in a of a ready-made u it. to .110' I j .cy 'clhe hdeecpbed'at
ianl p boat. at sea: The .a'nANy .AST. GUMARD ship-nd:er : Some of, the features, of th- t :ba utof been ope.. d:' b -.autho
SmmandoIieut. isLAmR sUR. torka w the do bans and b de- "homemade" unit are:.- o- i maxidei op less .num Ieroutts bcasf on'.hoe frdt.
sited .thdm in Miami... Missn Ma. ,LEG e rL Ted .to h in provides lenty- of pow- eth uedie' sti.-: e w asso ogea'
Ae,. ds IV.-raleRsO.. .BOB TIPPENHAUER is o .r ad ltrtnig-. t 2-Elestric tooutles and loud- ov for the am.ui t n i.ecord- iTuc closer than any other ii-" uit
sinesrLha'urdof Puerto Rico,-New York an d Montrea fo' hisspeaker plugs ae builtin to er. t anbe s-ith ve- useqd i date. r
M and promised Miami s pport with a donation of boxing and parallel, p hitting input or mobile units, ca light. r st,. the
her gym matFrials. Commissioner Klein also promised free tick- output atmany ofvthe locations les- wre td o t, 'an noseen is a. bit hen-
,o to Port au Prince dignitaries to the World Heavy-weight champ Wiring is pafely concealed be- that it couldng bebde : du r takes o few tactic
ntship about this month in Miami. Klein veels LISTON WILL hind panels, leaving fewer wir- the driver'Isnsaid-e o sf s o get the "hang", ofper
UVELLISTE after a month du and a half ir hospital in New York... are movable:.W, the .operatoif can. ,o"hld..e eas -h. a '
S- 3--The 2.5 KW generator is s rack bthe sto;a T he atlr stable eunder- wcidy confi
o secured by 2 teng nuts to a smledndg room on ons. Secondly, there fl orland
ii position beside the driver. It issein screnGflde ing Room. Only" for the p rojec-
BAL ID SEPTEMBER OF t AT 9:30 PV.ION an el. eyrwi d nutis. y c aOn- bEhice. p eletri. i outgb the adatd.-.'
oAT ventcle, in necessa to. Th een fithels theo isow w of ,orade r gean d itof; the-. pe
1-Two loudspeakers, trans- duty outdoor screen is disa"s- a
C A ANE U U NE ported inside the-truck, can be emble.d and placed on .the oor,-..
Sset on top in about a hal min- its muslin screen folded up. These shortcomings ae great-
.BALL OF THE END OF THE VACATIONS ute ing nuts. They can be Each' piece of electronic equip Iy outweighed by the advanta-
-ntBA TISTE O etra can be left in position while box, lined with foam rubber, ly that someone more ingenious
With NEMOURS In-BAPTISTE Orchestra traveling but low-flying trees thickness' of which is governed will find a solution-to these pro- -
on remote roads in Haiti dictat- by the sensitivity and weight of blems..
eOR THE E IT OvF Tl ed that they be dismounted. the machine. When any parti-
Fn a r mi n Ole F gols H 5-t-A 25-wat. t public address cular apparatus is used, its An interesting sidelight which
LIGUE FEMININE IACTION SOCIALE amplifier serves for daylight own box serves as its table, attests to the simplicity of oper-'.
operations for large groups. It More than a dozen buckles are nations was evidenced on two se-
ADMISSION $1.00 cLn also bolster the 16nn am- built into the walls and floor of parate occasions when a 13-
plifier or tape recorder ampli- the cab to permit seciing- the year-old Haitian boy, presented
a at ier when necessary. Under boxes with ropes. In this man- A-V functions completely unass-
Tickets on sale at Libraie Caravelle and Office of st condition a crowd of. 500 er, it is very simple to remove listed, and using all of the equip-
the Ligue Feminine (Exposition City). ,theaas laivnbap aq Uo aidoad- any machines which will not be meant in the unit.
-4tri th h the ro; te or -..
I: the roof y >as ". v .Theueeful-.a. b tep. *p .
t,-: B NIFACE-W. W unit" t--w loudspeaker, tn-dyodenis a- .
E PAC. t' -1 A I T I SUN '' unday September 9th, 1
S\\ R A' Coya4 pTm.* 'CONSUILTEZ
.80EfF R A ET N C E.VI,.I.... LS3MILLURBi SRI. P.S RNDRE-'ODE D VOYTE AGENT
..BOW9I .CARAVEU..E L 2 wMEuM JETS SUR 1L PLUS GRAND RESAU DU MONDE VOYAGE
S -' II "- rt Ml I el ^ I f IIIIft I DL 't
I- In a-laiti T is WeeK (ontimi ead).
**". 'Mr. Murray Graber (drives a big white buick coanertible)
has succeeded'in making the Montana-.a very lively place' agaii..
i 'he ros Morne hotel attracts a large crowd, eVery 'Tesday. arid
.- Friday daice nights. :
***Mi.s. Jean Brison, former Iderl-Mttclhl returned ii st -week
-rm a A -yweek 'trip to New Yotk ano 'Montreal. A ?gtadjate
.the Sbhool of flkir StylLet in New York u fV.n ars n (go,I-nIderu
.',wlio' has 'her Beauty Salon, at 190 Lalue wenttit'i' attnd Refrehher-
(_Courses at the-sanme School and during .a visit td r sister Mrs.
S-Ducheine in Moitreal, she stopped hL many 'Salofns and attetide I
J- ,;arious"c-onferences.-Her many customers are delightffi With the
ivbw modes, she picked..' .
,-: ?*Julia Saieb flew'tbo New- York early' this week ccom, iqBd.
,'by .her four sisters, and brother GeWi. Ti-man.-:-I.a's '
p16 lopesome --after; the departure' of .hig. tiaslAHe: cold -not'
Opany'them to.school, his-lfather is-singing a visa" blues.
***Barbara -(Babzy) .evine-. and irma. Menick, two teachers
om1ni New .York; stopped at the Olofspn ,Thursday last on a swing
F-through the Caribbean after.a nine week :totr.all of.Latin PAmreri-
:.a-'Bby 'teahe&s:art m 'a:.High Schopi a IndTma'-ls ah' elemetairy
Sbheib t chi. They are 'both 1 ervenit travel.drs. Babiy spdet -two
,'^eap ^ib ice froi -1959 -to -196. aching. 'art at thie School of
l Ue 1 -:'it Force "ase-near Nancy where she- earned Fre- ch,
','/ '=:: ..4, '". ., N. -/, 2 4.Z ,, .. -,
ope.' La-st year she visited Rus-
sia, Turky and Israel.
Babzy, a "ravissante" blon-
de was like a -sleepy dove try-
ing to, recuperate drom 'playing
too hard- in tlogota, where .'she
thought for a; few-idays that'she
'met her sister, oul. .
Irma--who is .charmiffg, but
certainly not as popular. during
the trip as the. lovely: and.,at-
tractive iBat-bara, Wks atill live-
ly in -arriving here.'last ,week.'
She's a' kepen-,espeneht qf the'
Hitian meringuee '
Babzy -was,-very -impressed
with ithhe Haitian .'rt.' She got.
at. the:--Red Carpet.sa lovely
phiriting ',by 'Charles "Obas, .onee
of our. leading .pinters. .
FOJR SALE TO HIG-HEST BIDDER.-
TRUCK HAL-tON a inStructions fo
AND TRUGK QikLTR bil N ia bids. are avail
WILLYS JEEP able in th eG:4 office of the NM
The vehicles may be seea val Mission. All bids niust b
fropn 7:30 a. m. to 2:00 p. m,, -received before 1:00 p. m., 2
Monday 'through. Friday at the September 1962. 'The Naval Mil
U. 8. Naval Mission (Chrysler -sion reserves the tight torefus
Building), Champ de Mars. acceptance of any and: all bids
SPECIAL BENEFIT RECITAL
By World Renown 'Haitian Guitarist ,, "
: TFRANTZ -CASSEUS..; :.
MonddyNightatEtl Rancho 9:00 p.m. -
Proceeds Will Go To Operatin "Koumabitje'
.I -- -4
-N- -I U
'Riding on Water
.i ieo n ot Britain' goes
'nto the CO-ni. _n M iete Brit-
,ibh automakers hope to. aptirp
a larger ,s la, th6epiandiig pe
*Continetal. market io'' cars. .,
UTieir most ambitious entry forI
Europe's mass .'mrket'is- the
Brltis- Motor 'Corp's nw :our-f.
-ioor-Morris'1100, which is,'aut
a fo-t shorterhan a Volf wkw
en.. To, smooth the ride. On u-
:rope's caiInberbd rod t .t,
Mprrpi';int, uces a liel b us't
)ension system, ctc f oe o
a.. stie Sspersio. alter Its two
'ke -omppnent rubber and I
-Set Per e e a w e ,.J E
gke & ld ill.!C
5R.the n : r cylindi
ea efont wheel hi a
pite. hpck\cffompresses- the 1-Gavotte
nt .. lii.er, w ii in turn .. o
squeezes the llid tbo the t-ear. -,A
The 'rush of' fluid expands Ihe 4- ygi ;l
rear 'ylinder".which then l -.ifts / :4 4.BL)ZUVaT!!
he tail lightly to '"ride" with -' D5-Daf.eEspagnole
the .butia After the rear- wheel -.'
.passes : te-bump, "the fluidi r. 6..-*, qtt ,- -
tte I'3t front w eushisonig 7' m" uc e
"e .:p6ra144110dct. -,
e-rnt t was designed .by .D.nse Venezu .. 'l : ""
T.Cgs i ft ed'T ui i i- -.orn I lo-Petro -.
Aliec ssiaguois "ho'-M 'ys "ny allo Froith
S.is,-i not to' design fashion ac- Coumbite .-' r:'o: -La
^essoriesor status symbols, but Ib Tremolo '*4
*rtotorears-things that tfavel.. as ".*7-
t'fflciently as possible from A -'NOTES ON FRA NTZ-.CA9SSE
to .'B. A n-i:'ar'' should take .its Bon i i Haltl ran :, guitar, a
hape- from'the'ee"hgineering th p" n-" n' ites" 'r "
SithtoAU it." Thd 1100.-speeds and aprofessionnurosuirpg l alues ob 9 1he
utip to 77Tm:p.h., oh a, 48.h.p.. efig- ates a also.i.nurous roeinoappals.-H bf
muie aced up front. ilaltian to-evAhlo' the' arpe rth gt6ttr6a lv.
''"' '.: m ....' ." ,o '-maa recordl the onutta'
lxept from "-IME, .the of h ls-Raitfan Suit .'e.
.'rti News .u'gaagnt Mr. Cas.eus now lives inr New York.-City whe rehe aoi4
~ B.a,.^;- dhe "Operation Coimmbite'" program of assistance for theai
o thes'ef AUTO B.A. bt dm :n f .
':- Gened al Abi t--sW h .C. '.tM a 'l J .' i ...ttl;. -.
HAM '.e '- tDISION $2.00