Haiti sun

Material Information

Haiti sun
Place of Publication:
Port-au-Prince, Haiti
R. Cheney, Jr.
Creation Date:
June 10, 1962
Publication Date:
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 46-47 cm.


newspaper ( marcgt )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
Haiti -- Port-au-Prince


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began Sept. 1950.
General Note:
"The Haitian English language newspaper."

Record Information

Source Institution:
Duke University Libraries
Holding Location:
Duke University Libraries
Rights Management:
The University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries respect the intellectual property rights of others and do not claim any copyright interest in this item. This item may be protected by copyright but is made available here under a claim of fair use (17 U.S.C. §107) for non-profit research and educational purposes. Users of this work have responsibility for determining copyright status prior to reusing, publishing or reproducing this item for purposes other than what is allowed by fair use or other copyright exemptions. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder. The Smathers Libraries would like to learn more about this item and invite individuals or organizations to contact Digital Services ( with any additional information they can provide.
Resource Identifier:
32441147 ( OCLC )
sn 95058138 ( LCCN )
Newspaper 2117 ( lcc )


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101% 'T^^rtM withli&sta rented MG. a fpet paslr.

'..: .1e International -Club safe and sure tranisportation-for
le Commerce has launched .he active Priest. -The 'Club has
:fu.-raising campaign to placed, contribution boxes in eA-
rbovide fatherr Roger Riou tablishments around the' city
if Ie de La Tiltue. wit a'a juch as.RCA.
lew boat. .
At preset. Fater Riou makes ReO0noldS Gives
he' 'rossitg from the mainland TWAfT
o his;Islandhopital in a. not- BUILDING OF -
0o" soumd, ancient 'home-made l- OSITA '
aunch ditV0e by. a .fickle ,out- ..- I... ..
eiard-moto. Mr. Walter L. Rice, Piresident
of'Reynold's Haitian MiBs on a
The *three mile crossing is one fof" rny sit. ort an' Prince
f the choppiest, 'lqugbest st foc- d 1u o t a Prince
Sthes :hopf c stal w hest sri f and the Company Bauxite Mines
phes of oastal waters rivAfling a laon at, iragoane
f at, Miragoane
is neighboring windward, pa this wee made a thousand dol-
age.- .. .. ,
I. nAhH nwrath n

.The new laumich.,is necessary
or the"transportation of suiilies,
persoqp ib heed of urdent, medic-
1 cares as t well as providing

"Nouveau Monde"
The Cap Haitien weekly "Le
ouveau' Mqnde" was awarded'
he "Coupe Emile de Girardin",
accordingg to a letter addressed
o editor Gerard de Catalogne
Pierre de Lignac, President
f the Intemnational Federation
,French language Press.

Mr uqutributoAn "wa rd the con-
structlon of the 400-bed Bel-Air
Hospital. '
The Under-Minister: of Public
Health Me. ,Lueldh'. Daumec re-
:eived Mr. Rice's eck from
Reynold's Lawyer Giorges Le-
ger. Fis on behalf of the Central
.Committee of the Bel-Air 'hospit-
al fund.
Mr. Justin L. "Dejean of Port
au Prince received, his diploma
of "Wasteri of Science" of the-
(Continued on page 6)


Presentation Of 'Chants
Club -Union of Jacmel, 3d artists played the musical
which aims to discover and part with accordion and violin
agnify spiritual values, jnd the attendants, enjoyed the
'as; pleased 'to- introduce, concert. Some pretty girls per-
last Siinday light, to the formed valuable sketches, and
iacmelian audience, on 'the told rich and hearty poems.
ecasion 'of -the Mothers' However the top attraction of the
bay, the new selection of party was the introduction of the
enms pauW 0d by Bon- poetical work of Bonrard Posy:
'd Posy under the title "Les Chants *du Silence" precee-
tes Chants du Silence" ded by the reading of the Fore-
Melodies of Silence). yard written by the well-known
The party during which intel- iewsman Louis P. Baptiste. The
ct and charm came, into emu- latter was hot present and he
tion with erimotional feelings, was replaced by Me. Morel La-
-a i.Completesttccesq -Talent- fond who introduced to the au-
.i :.,-, ,L Z :." .:'-;:',.." :..** .+ ,;. .:."*-''-

| Iente'iI Of1HaiaAne-A en n

4010MDiploaRtic l
ll n naniestations commemorating Haiti ?
Sh10th annen anniversary o Haitian- The TV progcam.was-
S n eran diplomat i relations ed with filmed sequences

S. as officially opened Tuesday. American Civil Wr, a;'p
ven*g with 'a half-hour Televi -duking which aijtian P
SMr Max Cave, attache of 'the ion w starring the U.S. Am- Fabre Niplai Gelfrard
Protocol Office in the Foreign assador to Haiti, Raymond L. treated a keen interest hi
Relations Department 'has' a hurst on. dstiny'of American, negoes; '
iged to the anto Domingo Presented by Yvan Desor, as suffered from, the' chains
Embassy as Secretary rd at of th eque Voys slavery. He was .largely e
g to to "Le Jour.' a r l e s,. Ambassador ;sible .for the transp rnpg, ofi 2
e* Oi June 4th "Le-Jour" report- Thuiston noted that this date co- outhe ri tegroes tqot
at the sanet time 'Mr. Raoul- ieided with the 100lth annver- the were given, land
ASilait had been se 4ry of the signing. bo President ibonite-Valley. This .enti
fron *. postIof Charge d'Afiair" Ibrahaln Lincoln of-a law h am- however, d. not .e
.-A..-'of the Embaisy in the. Do- o g the first diplomatic represpn- (CoatinuedlI, pag'

minicari Republic to" the Foreign
Office in.Port au .Prince. :
.Sunday IMr. Alejandro Mencia
Lora, according- to' "Le Matito'
arrived to replace .,Ir. Valla-
nueva Gaktmed as.. ,Dominican
Charge d'Affair in Port- au Prin-

Cornell University
To Present Musical
Review At Rex
Port an Prince As part of
centennial celebrations of Haiti.
an-American diplomatic- rela-
ions a 22-member American uni-
versity 'theatrical group will pr6.
seht a musical program at the
lex Theatre June 20th.
,-This gala Verformance will bhe
'y the Cornell University The-p
itre, a highly talented group of
fingers actors and danedrs tour-

Niblock New British
S Charge d'Affair j
The, new JBiitish Chrge, ty's Consul at that. pos. i
d'Aftfar, Mr. H. Niblock.1 1957. when, he.:w t:ne"
who arrived fr6mn his post Monrovia, Libera as Fiit
I. Consul General'in Texas rotary and Consul a. i alsoj
tsUt moith and took ove* Co..tin..e on
'Her Majesty's Embassy
frqm .,Mr. oper whohas
been transferred to St.
Paid, Minneapolis is a .nat-
ive of Belfast, Northern ad4 I. I f I
Born in BelfastJn. 19U-, 'Mr.'
Niblock as. been in British' Fori
eign. Serce since 1947. Ie serv-
ed 'as BritisP- Vice Consul in Bre-
men, Germany, from 1947 to 1950
And .therk was transferred to Bor-
deaux, France, where he stayed
for eight, months... From, Bor-
deaux he went to Copenhagen,
JAenmark, as Commercial Atta-
che. In 1953 .Mr. Niblock left
D e n m ar k for. Frankfut-Main, Mr. H. NIBLOCK, new 1ro

(Continued on page 6) Germany, an4 ,wa. Her h;jes- -.'-,Chnrg..'fa
~-- -..."' --
Tuesday June 12th, Mr. Geor- C. "A. ,
. ;es-Marle Chenu, second Secret. 'JUnder-the title "t a bu- erty ana. .; areW or
7ry of the French Embassy will able Man a ,,Departed: not n the Bist '.M ufitfb i
'alk on "The Common Market Massillon '0.100 u", ("L4 been alas, and'-wpfr '
u Africa" at the Frenchnstit- Nouvelliste". May 29) Les- where? .le thus had thrown.
ite, at 8:00 p.m. e Manigat rcas for s elf into action, aimating
the character and.persona- manifestations ..
lity of Mfiaslloh loicon energies: i ae he i a iert '
who "died before- dawn on men the street. So, M' 2
May 14th" at the 'age of illon hbad aab.himself a to
Je *e S7.. th sixer, and, made forty-six, but'fI
SKeeping -at the ,. head of his emphaiie, as :the tidents -,nY|
class in St. Louis did not 'prevent pupils of the time thogt'.
-ilence the magistral analysis of him from being an invincible could do it: .optimndts, generoi,.:.
the real qualifications of Bonnard goal keeper and a good musician. idealists, patriots With an ardent ..
Posy as a poet of combativity, After graduating with high hon- soul, and progressists above alli:-
a poet of delicate feelings and of ors from St. Louis, Massillon Coi- a bit naive what"' :. .
every day life... cou went on to the University of With the help of scholarships,:
During the reading of the fore- Haiti, and graduated the' same Massillon. Coicou went on to Pa-,
.vard, two young girls from Ly- year, at the head of his class ris. After presenting his thesis,
cee Celie Lamour, Misses Marie- in bqth schools, from the Law "'The Monetary Policy of the Re-'i-.;
Claude Civil and Monette Vin- School and the Polytechnic Ins- blic of Haiti since 1915", he.-,
cent heartily recited two poems titute. vas declared Dr. in Economical :
from the Selection "Elegy in the "But in the meantime had Sciences by the jury of the Law.-: "
honor of Patrice Lumumba" and come the revolutionary crisis of School of Paris on June 14th,
"Mamnan". They were saluted by .January 1916," Manigat says 1951. He also attended the epono'
great cheering. "'Massllon, still a student, was inics section of the Institute of'.
A message ol congratulation in the -first rank of .this youth Political Studies of Paris wherb .
(Contiued on page!11); revendlatg in t e name of Il-. l (Onthined on .a.m
(Vqnlnue 'U)revodic





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Monday June 4th, the 98th anniversary 'pL the arrival of for
*..rM.' .,. b
Sisters of "S. Jpuep e uy" n H),iI.ti .as qiseved. ''hey wpre
B..' ,M. M, Louise, Mother, Superior Marle.Therese 'lqerese de
,. apd wn.pnd. Established in Port, au Prjince, they Qqqci.,ei,
hI- flrst establishment: LALUE... A 'new Cine- was inaugurated
kt,.tte Beaubouuft" Friday afterpoop. -Mr. 'JMreel Heeor is the
anage... Many new City Councils were appointed by Ar
e Pres i Pt of the' Rdpublic: CAyES: ,Jex Si4rp, Ptesi-
r.N rF a Hel, Piere, members: .CALkP-PpR.lN:
,ae .-qgid, ,Presidenti Aruq BR9w !!io ,c ,S*qul, B.yer.
T'.- J;EAN DU SUD: AJtynor St. Jean. President; .Sylvaii'
Sand .Janine Joseph members. HINCHB: Roland Mathurin.
"onae*lfeph and Mine Fene (jiles, members; THO.
.i e.i? nha .Pres., qjl q%.pig e4iai( and Ranplels.
,giabz] ... 1 N! P or Chvp gqew CogpR] Geperal of WHit.,
%g#f s 0/ .HyBpi1e, Atthche Joridique. at "Institu.
t-e..reScial' returned frori Kingston on special Mission...
ek, oloeT- and. -Mrs -hein offered a diner in honor ol
Nr.y l ,^ e r.good, freri., ..1 erre Pros.
e! bf lealts Srvite d'HI. is home ^rn a special mis-
M.:.. .. e,e~ .a e in.1957 by
;aimofthe, -fete4 its 5th anniversary Saturday Jmune 2nd, ueder
Patr.ageo of the Ambansadoirs. p~ Span and Mexico in UptiJ...
W .,. ?.. .,.Di ect l. ,p.I .
S'pSto pahn e w wire' ll iarU 6 at--a w iig, o'i Ige.'s
1... -D eplacb in M,. at; t'. en-g thi month...
.rtuna er returned hqme b a-Ar43 a special
e.' V A_ ', s e19 'i ad ad e Gareir

,.;.", .,.' .'
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i'W iW. N,- TT_ o thie;D.I tpn-o tp e
large d'Aff.aires a.i.' hi t.ue ..^. I i.dadghter.Uh Tr. and Mrn
,b!ei% Uie: ,wifq 9o1 Rger--iresor'
.Ju'y 7th" at 6:'30.pnat Sacrer, sone

e-I P ycqrt. CoRp issre GeoeralI
S.r7ceived. 1,e S ,.and diplojna of
'W of Chevaier fto. Mr. n Dco
Ji,"on... Lt. -Fanuek Seraphin, offi-
return from 2 .weqks of studies.

iiSKt,' lt AlL i : Eiltti ....- t .


I Galbridth Urges
.Educ.~.p in Fight
Against Poverty

Portland, Oregon, June
th..-.L p I pt1# Galb-
raith, U.S. Ambassador tq
noa, believes that ippro-
gnuent of .s .-qjAp's peop-
through education is the
.cey to improving the na-
ion itself.
Mr. .Gilbraifi, a noted econo-
ist,. said that .;he central feat-
ire of a povepty-ridden comXnun-
,ty is. the abpepe. o' any teeqd-
-ngy ,to gfyl ee.. There -is
stagnation in output' and income
vbich perpetuafes 'itself froni
,eneration p generation, he said
I a .coqienepcerent address at
e is. id Clark College here
;unday. Mr.-- Gbiath received
4i honorary degree. ..
She added tat'there -has been
t growingg rpcog"ition. of. the
urgpncy.. edu q4tion for ecoop-
raic' 4esgelqpment. "Uptil -peopjle
have a p4 rt i, qeqnoqic pjrog-
ress, there will be no economic
progress, *he-said ...
iA nation's -.:pveirty, -Mr. .Gaib
'rgith" sid, is 'th -product of
imiany causes"' ad its' correction
6all9 for..diverse .'remedie s,., as
required by. specific ces. .
''On d, ofur advantages, '-Po
tenily at leas;, Over- the. so vet
desi" -r ecooi' develop-
amert i. a create. o red, -aom

JOs for their corhenien ce. T, r
a.. m..e. presmpJtive. reme'esj
for poverty. that come much
ei,,..reapj, t9 hard than others.
Techpial assiS.t~ ce is
ri to farmers than land r-
-p'S -A h1qbroelectric,' jower.
-project is easier to*upch than
,a... sund. syse of elementary
' e tipn..' .
To ,aR. effective systemi
*o: p*,b11 adp0ni$ra.ton foir -peo'-
.;. Dnowly. eama friogj.i colvt.
.ial rule:. is peculiarly : baffling.
-et 'i- .a back 'la$i systemni, '. ass
iliteracy,-..a corapt, .inco~l petept
*.r e~,flous public; adi:mistj-
'tion. 'r all. three -are, the -heart
of.-the natter, the ]rpvisidnt f
technical ild or-t.e. darmig-inn-of
riv&s. will. do litfe good; Gi %en
other causes; their may- dn o .great
good." .
There is, however, the Ambas-
sador pointed out; mone gen ral-
ization with which ve- are at
.east reasonably sile. People are
;he one. conRon" dinoniinator- .t-
progress... No improyep ent. is
possible, with unimkprpvied people
nd advance', is inevitable when
people are .liberated 'and educa-
ted." : -. : -- .

"It would be wrong to. write
down teb_ importance of. roads,
railroads power plants,- mis
and ,ot .r familiar furniture of
conomid .'development," -he said.
'"At some stages .o development
&-the.'stage that. Ihdia and. Pa-
;lsc how .reached r elt-

SLt. Ali x Cayvqof thie, aiilan Cot uGaardi 4op.
rbma we&k sbeoalizatuon ,I-i -t
Sa- "Da- e Ir ] "i .tr_" 'Ceeni'
S.arrange by S. Naval in
":. ,. 4- ,-
"-. J i .. .I ... .i, .. -- : !

SL ...

FA 4

'he Wi~d o s~a pfre :c ~ tal .-fieN 2
: slims rare n rill'oa n e, nu ,-
truenly thr tedliriml ya' I _

Ag ee r* i ot>ffe a ru
R. r a 61$ (o 6V Ph r I: c "" It F I ". M I P "W .. t' 7" "I". '1"'

h itli~rde-O afg lOt the i." miniature : .-
.-N..E SAil. gft Is c
ola. ih' =ebrll~ .. ll.i ,~,

: :- o ly .ha OWtN d m d:' ,
SaX T MA1 Q -1I Morado phri trecrystal. 6 4-. ,"
gleams withry a r-S arte brill'cianceT" ovl;Jm loo.'
wits -hardess is auraSt I4*sU9 m i*, g iS .
You wic'~ll chrs your g llue~i

men ,ldi .. h
SwssQ--rp'yatgo igreife


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*--- --A-1-IT-I-S-UN

SUNDAY- .J T ,ro ,yi962

.SUNDAY JUlftE 10, 1962'


Purism And

Implied. To f
-. ,: 0 t. .- *'. "
.M / .

ln ealy-research note,i aribbean Sudles, I, 1), Mervii All-
enutn tt ece siy'of considering, among other social fact-
.:the,y' *se of the Caribbean Creoles, the Attitudes
S 'tlio languages-'" which prevail throughout the area. An
.-' b tesible group of attitudess are those' expressed by .the
pAtd prescripvists who are lound "in this area. Whether
es are significant' or. not may be open to question. If
.1l ignifcant, then we.can at least. know that one specific
t .qiSto bdi.rewmoved. from consideration.
ne. that hCole languages are less-highly regard-
languaged and c pan___
s 'ati -;.'tig.glve -been "descnribft and
-nlifr,. in ors ring mrom. the scholarly;state-
ga Taylor ("N languages for Old in ,th West
tiwnrave Studied s5 Sociology 'and Histot i, 3)
prnnodezrients o th man in the street, 'who pro-
t.t' at isecond6r third haid from jthealiost irr onsible
l0..whi..lh olphb'!en Idevopqdifrom d one of the-poor-
the work of Otto esper-en. The popular statements
*st $ value or the "inadequacy",' of -the Creoles- belong, of
1p., the folklore; the statements all fit the types enumerated
Blo eld' .Secondary and Tetiary Responses to' Language"
so much so that it. begins that nothing could possibly be added
lo Bloomfield's list. But there are differences in the disparaging
valuations, condescending as all of them are. One person who
Undervalues Haitian Creole may hope to have it completely sup-
'lanted by French; his counterpart in Curacao may actually feel
protectivee towards Papiamento. These .evaluations are the most
ert stuff f attitudes toward languages. Probing for them is hard-
.. '

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Note To Art Connoisseurs
The CENTRE D'ART is open ALWAYS dail3
from 9 am to 12:30 pm
from '2:30 pm, to 5:00 pm

And Sundays by appointment.

Permanent exhibition hang on the gallery's Second store
and a current show hangs In the gallery's first floor.
Persons with an appreciation of art will be reward-
ed by visiting the Art Center.
FOUNDED IN 1944 Rue de la Revolutlon


ly deep probing. But, in their own superficial way, -they might pro-
itlably form part of the study of the socio-linguistic .whole.
Prescription has,' for some time, stood well outside' 'the range
of interests of those who consider 'linguistics tq be a science. Our
first teacher explained to us, the first day, that linguistic is des.
criptive, not .prescriptive; and prize works of Fries, Hall, -and
others were cited to show how little the prescriptive "school-marm''
(who was always named Miss Fidditch) had to -do with the tough-
minded discipline into which we might be initiated if. we were
sufficiently though-minded. Not that every scientific grammarian
always disregarded the school grammars completely. Bloomfield
himself, although always critical 'of them, frequently cites .them
in, order to show how' better formulations can be made. Lately,
even descriptive analysts have again been paying sonxe attention
to the schools, although not considering Miss Fidditch as the au-
thority she counts herself. The transformationists especially, with
their emphasis upon the intuition bf the native speaker and even
of the analyst as against the not-quite-mechanized process of pho-
neme hunting, have frequently reverted to the traditional grammars.
Miss Fidditch's proud rules come rather to be regarded as one
great,, concentrated repository of-linguistic intuition. Pike, in lect-
ure at least, has stated that he is trying to formulate "What all
language teachers have known (intuitively) all along." 'thus, the
Pooh-Bah school of linguistics seems less prominent than it once
was. What the piristically-minded schoolmarm says is right is
not right for that reason, but it no longer seems so certain that
it must therefore .be wrong.

Perhaps an analogical procedure might be adopted in the meas-
uring of attitudes toward languages. The purists and prescriptiv-
ists are not real competition for the serious worker in that field.
Perhaps they might be worked as great, convenient mines of naive
informant reactions. This is not to make any a prior statements
that such attitudes are influential upon such matters as language
change. But perhaps it would be the part of caution to avoid
the judgment, a prior, that they do NOT. A respected scholar
like Kenneth Jackson, working generally outside the field of self-
conscious structuralism, has seriously'suggested that certain prono-
logical patterns may be traceable to ideas about what is better
in language, even to the teaching of the schools.

It would seem that some such focus of opinion is needed, since
almost anyone can be persuaded to voice an opinion about the
Creole languages. If these opinions differ in detail, they agree
amazingly well in their direction. The person who condemns one
of them and wants it replaced by a prestige language almost always
calls it "weak," "not a written language," "good only for limited
activities," etc. On the other hand, the person who feels called
upon to praise one of the languages almost always damns it a
little bit with the type of praise which he utters: It has a "quaint
flavor" or "charm"; it should be preserved for its utility to the
"simple people." Even an ardent nationalist like Daniel Guerin
calls the French Creole "un parler sans doute un peu rudimentaire,
mais plein de charme'-et de sel" if the world ever runs out of
salt and pepper, it can evidently replenish its supply from the
Creole languages! and accepts it as quite natural that in public
speaking "Jes orateurs s'expriment-ils en francais (autrement l'au-
ditoire se sentirait blesse dans son amour-propre)..." Or, if the
language is Papiamento, it is "eminently conducive to the learning
of other languages." (There may be an odd sort of truth to this!)
Or, in it, grammar -horrible stuff!- is "streamlined", so that
there is as little as possible of the ghastly stuff. It is not only
streamlined; it is also "windblown although one may be per-
mitted to fear that some of the salt and pepper might be blown
away. Such attitudes are expressed in the pages of Cassidy's po-
pularizing Jamaica Talk and in the conversation of a learned an-
thropologist (name with-held for my protection), not just in the
meanderings of the lubbery., unthinking man on the street.
In the narrower field of prescriptivism (for what IS prescriptiv-
ism, if not narrow?), I seem to detect a split into two directions
father than unanimity; and, in a merely programmatic statement
like this, perhaps it is permissible to describe only partly searched-
out tendencies. Tentatively, the two types of' prescriptivism which

(To be Continued on Next anIsue)
./ "



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effect the Creoles may be'laiefl
ed Internal and External. T2
s, the. prescTiptiviSts may d..
egard the recommendations i,
lied in titles like Hall's Mave
'our Language. Alone!
hanged .to Lingulstics and -Y
anguagq) and Hands Off
in English! (presumably stiWl:'.
force) by trying to change i
ganuage either to make it "mor
ike itself" or to cause it'to
change into, 'or be absorbed intb|
prestige language. If both"et
ernal and internal prescripti
sts may be at work in ea'Q
ingle language area-as may...,
he case-there does seem .to 1
dominant trend in each afea,.;'
I ," W.', ^ NI
Condescending as they mafeI'
toward monolingual speae
Papiamento, the presclptiv.i
working on that languageA,:a
largely of the, Internal. variety :
one of them would prohhib
piamento from using the
,t the form of either worleW
-er on the grounds that the et-,
.-ons involved are borrowed, re'
pectively, from Dutch and Span-
sh and therefore foreign to Pa-R.
piamento. These "simple and d' ':
-ct" people must.. presumably',0
put everything into the active
vith nan... ("They..."). People'
Employed in bet Ministry of CE0l
'ure will, tell one that PapinMpn
i is "dying" (or, in one spIe%-
fic case, has died!) because ^fie
is 'taking over "whdle wo
-.changed (presumably in
'ig) from other languages..:Ai
either prescriptively-minded
in would, deny to Papiamento
the right to that redundancy'
which seems to. be a' necessity
to the structure of any language
at all of its levels. This sounds"
ite Miss Fidditch trying to keep
'er students from saying visible
the eye, except that the pres-:
criptivist ain Curacao is primarily:;
interested in encouraging t.r
avio and discouraging ,tAr avlo-'-
,ran because the former is in ac-
cordance with and the latter for-n
'gn to the "genius" of the lan- '
guage. Simplicity and directness>-,
are qualities attributed both to
'e language and to the "folk"
vho speak it.





*NDAY : UN. 196,-


S.A MISCHANCE or two havb
i;, somehow spoiled the afternoon,
':.;little things, mere snags -along
f,-,Jthe path, but ,enough in sum to
-tear the flimsy garment of tran-

I am putting the disturbance
.aon paper for no other reason
than to-rid my spirit of it.. Mark
i-`.Twain has a stor, of a rhyme
obsessed th- shameless minds of
. ticket-.punchers, .until they suc-
c"eeded in passing on its haunting
? nonsense to some other. I am
',sure 'there are legends and tales
" -'of. the grimmer sort affected by
iaH;.es Andersen, wtiibh embody
-.; the same principle. Get rid of
a.. spell .by passing it on. The
-poets practise it in a body. Hen'
ce the corpus, of dismal songs
-.' m Catulhus to Yeats a;d Hous-
and the-gloom of manifold
ae. The bards are talking out
c.k disturbance .of their .spirits,
ad. having gotten it all on pa-
'Oer .and engendered melancholy.
in '.readers yet qnrborn, they no,
l' threw their quills in the'
or.pocketed'.their pens, put
i?:poetic feet on the mantelpiece:
d .spent a nierry evening., I,L
rat any rate, am frank. If you:
rljo read want to share in this!
ernoon'sannoyance, read no;
f r. This is intentional ca-

i.. --I -. i. ..- -

J 4.'- -

4' ..'

.,... --


Not 'that I have aught to say
in self-analysis. I do not, in fact,
know why I should have reacted
so ill to a minor frustration and
its allied consequence, why I
should have found it impossible
to marshal thought enough to fin-
ish writing what I set out dili-
gently and with some enthusiasm"
to write, and why instead I
should have begun to wander a
trifle aimlessly, and so" lic'i t
time-cons u m i n g em p.loy-
ment. There are those of SIloom-
sbury and "elsewhere who delight
in their temperamentality. I hate
it like a cold.
The Way Of Life
The smile may be apt. I some-
times think that there 'are ills
of the spirit which are epidemic
in their incidence and infective.
How otherwise pxplpin the Ger-
man phenomenon, the Teuton
ongoing g to lie prostrate under a
jack-bo6t and worship goose-step-
ping feet? How otherwise explain
features of the Japanese mirid?
'\nd when the- local abnormalities
become endemic, as diseases of
'he body have been found to be
in whole cominmnities, then, of
m-urse, you have a national spir-
it, a community outlook, V. crop
of attitudes -quite characteristic
of a people, and determining in
many ways its chosen way, of

Sir William Ramsay's brilliant
interpretation of the strange sym-
bolism of the letters to the sev-
En churches in the %Apocalypse
took this very phenomenon for
its theme. The great archaeolog-
ist showed that each Asian city
manifested a spirit compounded
of its history and geography, and
that the faults and excellencies
of the Chtirch which grew in, its
midst ,were a rendering and. a
reflection, of the vices and .the
virtues in the community, at..lar-
ge. ,
I have been led thus for by
the remark that a malaise of the
mind -is cohtatgious, or perhaps,
to use the word' I used before;.
endemic in a society, a disturbI
ance beneath the surface and
stirred easily to life, just as a
breeze through the window. in
Lhe smia wee hours will awaken
my thigh's sciatica to growing
activity. My restless afternoon
may be neither my fault nor my
parents, but a whiff of the great
world's sorrow.
Petty. Cares
Sitting by Walden Pond, near
inid-19th-century Boston, long be--
fore Masshchusetts hadi notice,
about air-raid shelters,, alas, and
concerning the clearing df main,
highways in the 'eient of armedL
invasion, Thoreap ventured the
suggestion that the majority., of.
men lite "lives of quiet desper-
ation." A plague on the horde of
them, then, it they have 'polluted
the atmosphere and weakened
my soul's. resistance, to je petty
cares, of every day. .
I grant. that this mid-century
would, give 'Thoreaue some olid
substance for his. diagnosis. The
hole world, bound into such a
all that there is no ecdaping the
aptics of. criminals pind fools,
lives under the shadow of 'mrn's
vn inventions. Snarling abroad
.with fingers. op atomic trlggersj
the. world's thugs have compelled
he decent' of our gibbal number
to prowl 'sinflar'ly.I Hlug with
weapons, and the'. sheer 'weight
them is..aburden on the soul.'

Real. Estate Agency
U15 Botrdon
Phone 2620 -
Cable Address; AlaOICO

Renting of Houses, Apart-
ments Bungilows, Camping
Houses for short oir long


SRe. NecPlI Ultraofselfwinding '. :
.. watches -y Jewels .-'Gyrotr b powered.' '. '.
. See the superb 1960' GirardPerc pgux ... ,-*-
aSelection models at foremost jewellers. -. ,.



L A ~.j A.0 a.. "" ,.C1 .c. -''. 2t -

R 'e R t .J 'k s



I 4 ,, -' ',,-:^
4 ,



TWO GRAND PRESENTATIOS. Sales. Information available qu v -w, uent:
-' 1 .-FRIDAY JUNE 15th -- 7:45 p.m. for sugar cane, cotton, fruit,- w,-'. -CE
7:, The .Complete Ballet of "LES StiPwHnDES" sisal, etc., plantations and UN L6RVIC
,.d "LE' MARIAGE DE LA PRINCESSE AUTRORE" estates of various .types and .
2.-FMIDAY .JUNE nd 7:45 p.m. sizes and in improved UNE GRANDE RESERVE'
unimproved condition. I
tThe S Apts of "THE SLEEPING BEAUTV" Ballet Commercial business such -
-. Entriane: Reserved Seats: $2.00 bars, restaurants, and hotels, -DE PLU1SANCE!
t ,: General Admission: $1.00 bought and sold I ..
AC:.bralbme LAC"aveCleR x Theater. Lavlla Josepli O U X UN DEMARRAh IMMUDIAT! '
.,., .. ..-" .
o x .< .. ,h'5 q "' -' I* .,.,.,.b.. ,, *S. ; .. ,.. ,0,. ,. ..
a-,_.+.,_ ,r_.. _, --_... ., -,_o- _- -o ... 4 '44" ,." -..

?AGE 4

By Grammaticus

ex Theater

--- --- -- I


Wordsworth might well talk the peace of anywaiter only feel!
about poetry being emotion re- like a c alm befii the storm
membered in tranquillity. i-3With "bT 1otiiis,. n. erpreted ;arnd
Bonaparte down 'and dead, arid unreinxmbered, turf sour. iZ the
England policing a feeble W world *ul, sm .dge t. ..rod ai. givd
with some measure of Christian- aoceti uh A a
ity behind the policing, there this.' .
was an opportunity for tranquil- There stands' the ,case. I feel
lity beside Derwentwater. Today better, in every way. Do you?

Caribbean Construction Co; 8A,

Builders Of Th'e wijitary City.\

Gen. Manager: GerardTHEARD..

Phone: 395. P. O'. 284 :.


SUNDAY JUNE 10, 1962




S community Weekly Publbhed Bunday Morning
Gerant-Bespounable d MAUCOLAB Am ,
nlBTrasRMEDn IN ia .


The torch tit Sylvio; Cater and men like him tried.
to keep alight in Haiti has become nothing .but a smolil-
or,,ing heap, of embers.
Haiti's sportsmen except for the Army Rifle-team,
t-and footballers nolonger bring home laurels won in-
pcontests in other parts of the worlds/Indeed they hardl-
9y vietwe abroad any more.
Jaaia 'is staging .an Inter-American Olympic Ga-
mes next August that will draw craMck. a*lete from all
ver the Hemisphere. As, yet there is no indication that
we I l, ipa te. e, .
..'.Fttibh is' our National Sport It's the only game
Sdaw a crowd. LaSt month our team gave Ja-
#onwd walloping but will they bemnJa the Olymp-
jfc competitions? *
..'-True, Haitian. teams have- turned on neighboring
m to inflict stinging revenge, but in Jamaica and
^i, qgq closest neighbors football is pnly one of;tAny
p sports. Their runners, jumpers, basebalers,
and. hockey players are -winninu frequent
*onal lahmels. *
,tO~; 7 #Ameriks coach ~arenee busesatit,. who; man-
ged the U.S. team to the Mexican Olympics some years
go, said that he has seldom seen such individual kth-
etic ability as in. Haiti. He even.. went so far asto re-
et uasuslingreu' in tletWorld Olyminpi&si
There is. a an mzin amount of untapped athletic
-leutin Haiti, and there are small groups of enthu-
Sreally oncetae oil football, tennis and

Butfhie lack of 'public interest throws a damper on
tt6It n i te athes of form
;pmnatein' non competitive sport clubs.
S.Most of, the present-day .members of social Ilbs gp-
ther to exchange the latest small talk, play.a .rubber
!pr two of bridge, and sip. a wiskey-oda.'A few actually
take' the trouble to get out of the collarmand-tie .and.;
'pat out a game or two of tennis. Very few deekeintrate
ion the game. -
'. Swimming pools abound in Haitian hotels and the
g1omes' of 'the "bourgeoisie", and there is no excuse -for
e desinterest in swimming shown by their owners.
4erhap,. if the schools installed pools and held inter-
cjehool competitions; thereowould be a lot more interest,
s the boys who afe really interested in swimming but
jlio cannot afford the' luxury of a private pool would,
lien he given an outlet for their interest.
,2 Golf is virtually non-existent. Hockey unheard of
or roller skating, baseball, cricket, jai-lai, hand-
WI, water sports, all have no adherents here. Boxing
I starved, to death.
A handful of horse-lovers tried to make a go of polo
'nd horse-riding and there is a select circle of volley-
all players. The Coastguards and the Army indulge in
/'an annual basket-ball competition with three or four
civilian teams.
i.. Juvenile delinquency in big cities can only be com-
iiated by sports. Healthy competition in the playing
;i)lds has long been recognized as the perfect answer
the neurotic and physical problems that beset the
:!Many young boys, deprived of other emotional and
physicall outlets seek 'recreation in the brothels of the
frontier while others find even more harmful forms
Sports provide the perfect solution to problems like
perversioni, crime, and. neuroses.

S .,

'Every Wednesday Night

f I f
..:i S

(free Meringue Lesson at 9:30 p.m.)



And-eompetitive exercise also does wonders for tired
businesepten, overweight from long hours.. in a swivel
chair, or, their wivps, overweight from too much con-
tinemgent in the. home. A drive through the provinces
4f any British West Indian island on any /Sunday in
t6i year will present a never-ending view of hundreds
of cricket or football matches. In the cities there are
gyms, swimming clubs,, civic centers and Boys' Clubs.
In Port anu Prince there is 'little "organized sport. In
the'Provinces there is less. /
Nevertheless, there is still a spark in the torch left
by Cator which maybe fanned into flame once more.
New hope is being found in the emergence of a small
group of spearfishing, smorkling and boating enth us-
iasts. Rod and reel fishing is. also gaining in popularity.
* There is no need for expensive buildings, -pools or
civic centers (that the Republic can ill.afford, to date)
to foster this side of Sport. The deep-blue, placid La
Gonave Bay is free for the taking, fish abound among
the reefs.
There must be a .great step forward, citizens must
play theiWpart in encouraging other branches of sport
-offering cups, collecting m one y for playing fields,
helping, to .form ;Cvic Centers. They will find the re-
sults encouraging and rewarding.


'. i i S ,i ', Pb^^i

I many sermons were delivered.

It was in June 1932/ that five".,
young Haitians: Marcel. Jeanty,
Philippe Charlier, Fortune L. Bp-
'gat,. Armand Mallebranche and.::
Daniel Brun founded in FPort an
Prince *a company in partner-'.F'
ship known as: Mallebranche'I'
Jentil, Bogat & Co. (MAGE-'
BOO). We can however say with-
out exageration that the iultlat-'
ive of that association; was daue
to Gentil and Boegat, who had :
just furnished 14 years of ser- %
vice .with the West Indies Trna
ding Co, an American Fir es.
tablisbed in Haiti in 1918,and of. .'
which Mr- E. Pawley was ,the '.
President, TWITCO was the -dis I
'tributor for General Motors 'pro-, '
ductq, Du Pont De Nemopur. '4;
ROA-International, Good.Year,,
Winchester, SS Sewing Machin-;:'
es and numerous other products.,, .
When the liquidation of TWITO :".
took place, Gentil-was Sales-Ma- .;i
nager, and Bogat Stock-Manager ,;.
and Director of publicity. '

In order to continue the 'sale
of their products in Haiti, 'thi
manufacturers represented by 4'2
TWITCO, expresse-itheir Inted' .
tion of turn over their agencies .:
collectively to any commercial'
organization which ,would be ma- ''.?
naged by' Gentil and Bogat.*
From the start of its operations, '
MAGEBCO, which was to been- ,.
me later on La Societe Haltien- '
no d'Automoblles SA, gave fill-
satisfaction to those who had In-
trusted it with their Interest., ,
Bogat & GenlU left no doubt '
about their ability to properly.
manage the pew business Tent-
The capital of MAGEBCO was
$15,000, but only $9,000 were so-
tually paid up. The energy, the
perseverance, and the honesty- -
of the parsers helped them 'to
overcome the money difficulties,
they often had to face. A busi-
'icss association with 30 years of
e-dstence in Haiti Is..something
very rare. At the time that our
friends of SRASA. founded MA-
3EBCO. no one believed In the
recess of such an enterprise. It
is therefore with great pleasure
that We are presenting our com-
nliments as well as our best 1
wishes of success and lone life
to SHASA, where wp only have

* Ameriean *Missionaries
In Pot

Three American Missioaries
*roi .the Evangelic Society of
Oklahoma 'arrived in,. Port last
Vcdnesday June 6th, They .are
.ev. J. Oscar Wells, Marshall
.,vard and Denvet Moore who
spend ten days in Haiti. The
.1 ,sion is 'rep esenfed in Port

.-rrtine Dorisca, of the Evang-
lie Mission of Bethesda. The
iay after their arrival, they vi-
.-ited Thiotte, Marche Lettellier,
-rigot and other places where
,Mission is In full activity. A
speciall church service took place
the main seat of the Mission,
"ue du Peuple, No. 55 where


,-! *A f


S- I. ,

Abovt 4 Painters

The. last paintings are going off at Brochette Gallery. People
used to say that the period after the Carnival was not the best
time for exhibiting. The Christmas season is much better for sales.
2, This year, 'the evidence knocks down that assertion. the "Bro-
chette"' exhibition opened in the middle of the pseudo off-season
by Cedor, Lazard, Denis, Brierre and others, met with success
of curiosity, and real successful sales. We would like to consider
this innovation as a demonstration of the improvement 1of the
'style of Haitian painting and a proof of. the progressive increase
,'.'- 'of 'Itq reputation abroad.

Today we wish to point out how Cedor has improved his person-
al touch, how his work gains, at each exhibition, .a the respect
.of munificence and floridxless. We'feel that we are"before a placid.
S'ind whicl, through the poverty and'the simplicity, of daily life,
is r g to .point out the qualities of kindness of our people. I
' 4 still remember one of .his water-colors "Ti-Tantet" (Little aunt),'
showi the'face 'of L child of our community, a melancholic head
ebelished thanks to some delicate pink colors. Unexpectedly
S:in -the same pink color, Cedor painted,agoat laying on the ground.
t'iuiinded by a softened light, and looking at us in a seemingly
Sinelint tanner,, the animal ,inspires ,an 'immense peacefulness.
iW iW eet the same idnedhss on thq meditative fabe of 'Ti Paul",
I ochre-color melted 'vith 'a -'eyish-yellow color which seems
ato be diffudsd all arbund'if.-Every time we see ,a new painting of
.,CLdor, we discover a sober dexterity, 'a chaste 'expression, and
the fraternal gdodness, of the: hea*. -

S" *' ', '. .. -,, I.'

.M -Cddor to Lazird, it seems we jump from the interiial tor
external,, from' the spirit with .its, secrets to the body with its
le emotions. .
S ere ia :"An Mouei'!" :1(Help!) in which, in the frame o',a
tw poor -ople of .our :country are painted in a' sorrowful
'titude. Withqitt any doubt, they are just', calling their, neighbours
Ssare a mo'urni. In thi indigo blue that. Eazard cherishes,
S Is .pmethg. tragic.. The blue' of our mountain, the .blue of
eaants'clthes, the bluq 'of otdr ink,! au( these anonymous
ues regnate. he paintings bnd strike 'the eyes implacably,
nJ,.ei essity, like r4n orse. .. .. ,. ...... ..
ome py re plmyihg marbles. They ur n-
,thueirdark shaded faces, .their oB ee ;the broa. d
Their lo clothes, and their a'- .' 'nqroruhd the.
c e in the middlee of which one o ie i:v th: 'eat
rItininM ent' th inbotionless *iarble;"V vg|'le & p g el
'i itbeinga ti.e ocably deadd"' Ad m-
-k :lebque ,
'tiBt style of Lazard. Profilds in .o6t o c -atatudes;
'Mybe hq oah'farther irin 's deep Uiid? r conBiede,
vs t a ,conu-ence,.
derl 'thi 'peaceful' be ting oi d ee te
dist res pf ifes? n & hlis style
St very ti,, eual to him, ej .,- '. .
4''i' 2'

Jean.Leon Destine's, CORN
Company Highlights' MUS
Charity Bal For 'Under. (Cont
privileged Chldren g fivea
ican and
A Gala Benefit Dance and En- the U.S.
tertainment sponsored by the Cultural-
Haitian-American Artists Society he C
vwik be presented on Saturday s, shed
evening June ninth,.at Manhat- ,merican
tan Center's Grand Ballroom. 4mencan
The event entitled '.A Night by Unive
.n Haiti" will be highlighted by McCalmo
spectacular .floor show featur- fal Br
ig Jean-Leon Destine's Haitian nager, Jo
Dance .Company- with1 Myrta
Garcia, and Constant Jparity as Tickbets
guest artists, Rodolphe' Legros, 1l be o
Olatunhji and his African "Drum- d nusi
ers and ,Dancers knd mapoy Ameridan
'thersm. Oscar Brand'will act as tural Se,
Master of Ceremonies.. Embassy.
Among the guests of honor 'will be-.$1.00;;
be Anne Bancrdft, Augie and .'x, 'HOw
'Marg,o Frant Casseus,) Geof- title of I
-ey Holder and zany.'other ce- show, is
lebrities. usical1 0
.' f. :4
Galbraith Urges... and
(Continnued from, page.,) (. outstpndi
strategy of development. But we ols;4' i
re coming to'iea1 ize i ethinlk,
-at there is a 'certain' sterility '
mn ecohomie monuments it that
' Isolated islands .l .a
sea Df 'illiteracy., Conqluest ol. this
.comes first ,' -

Progress whith has' recgnizk
.that,' economic liberation 'is a '
frequesit first tep to,'.ec nomidn
advance,;- Mr. Galbraith. taid,
"until people have a partly in'edo-,
nomic process, there wIki b o
economic progress... recognition.
of the indi peseability of so
justice for social progress -is a
major step.". .,,, .. ""

', The wbll-known Haitian law-:
yer -Me. Georges C. Bodcherpau
.- .. *. .... .-.. : .,-'... -' .

wnerue r ne 'wi,
in tfie .Cu rt'
capital ff Cc
Many, parents
14. Ifn 5/Tn fl*i


at : Af

inued from. page 1) es tl
countries in Latin Amer- theater
d the Caribbean under The E
Department of State's homa,
Exchange Program. other
rnell University Theatre cent
led 'to arrive Via Pall the m
i"juzie 19th accompaniedd thors
rsity Professors George -es in
)N, Joseph Golden and ion b

en&s, and .company ma, rs, will be in ]French..
hn Scott. 'Author of the musical. albut
,s dramatic coach Joseph Golt
for the .June 0th show er, a perceptive yoWng man wit
i sale at principal bop' professionall theatre and telev
c stores, at thed Haitian- .sion experience. "In choosing th
Institute. and the Cul- album type presentation", h
action' of the American 'said, 'weq 'elt that w could
General admission- will comb'thrdugh the best, most
reserved seats, $2.00. .presenthtiVe North American mz
to. Grow 'A .1 musical" .-calsj and.choose Jhose. moment
theh company's; musical tien.,' idea, .rc, and music a
.a review of Aeican e e m e.d t6,speak i a sing
comedy prepared' espe- vice," In an album, ''adder
Sp:s t La& America We could enrich' iighlhts' wit
rainludes highlights :of 0 story aid trace the,ariivia a,
1g. American msisgal growth of, a distinctive' music
song and dapce. Imttr.- art'. or"..

" ", t ,..I1 E C r.
-" ; '-* $, 1 i = ..

r -' te



,i 'S p .. .-', .' .l

' thi est p, f ."SCOTCH

ns able tof, tstMitia- and' f ir vm y oW 0
-, .
r" 'e.; xLUS i a.. "An'T .,

a. ara i a a' a.- -.

T5WS' .9',-: .' :,' ', '. ": 4" ; '- '"": "
-.4 "4- 1. ,

.s2 w -- ---_ 4 ~.:~ D AND BUfY HAITIAN HANDICRAFTS .
A. ... r. I .- : .. .. .O N T ROE U E uD U-QU A l
U' D c r .p5-.1 1 .. .. ,m !* ,t *. '.. -***
- uO.DUPeRReIR .Lazard SAVE qUP TO 60'_Per Cent ON IMPORTS,.

-&&'_ -s "' -: :4 +,'. ,



he .development of musical
e in the United States frot
Black 'Crook (1866), to Okld
West Side Story, an
top. musical dramas qf re
years, describing some c
major plays, composers, at
'and predominant ihfliuer
that development. Narra
etweean the musical numn

'* l' ^ <

MY '.


FROM JUNE 11h TO JUNE 17th, 1962

Monday. JUNE 11th, 1962
5: 3prm-Musical-Program (Mire Tele-Haiti)
5:55pmr-Evening General Program Schedule & Weather Report
: 00pm-Let's Learn English
: 40pm-Children's program
T.:00pm.- -
i;7:30pm-Children's "program (2nd part)
"'7:45pm-Telenews (1st edition) Review of the day's events
:00pm--The Ford Show, new series: FURIE
:30pm--Alfred Hitchcock presents.
:00pm-Telenews (2nd edition) Summary of the late news, pre-
sented by the Esso Rdporter
:05pm--Powell Industrial Works' weekly program: "I Love Lucy"
:30pm-TV Concert
0:00pm-Close of program National Anthem

esday JUNE 12th, 1962
5:30pm--Mhsical Program (Mire Tele-Haiti)
.5;5pm-Evening General Program Schedule
:00pm-Let's Learn English
: 35pm-Children's Program
|:40pm-Children Program
t00pm-NOBBE & BONDEL presents. "My Three Sona"
M30pm-Children's program: second edition
:45pni-Telenews (1st edition) Review of the day's events
rm--America speaks to you
.i Teiecanema (1st part)
jjZTelenews (2nd edition) Summary of the late news, pre
ented by the Esso Reporter
S5.piTelecinema (Cont'd)
00pm-Close,of program National Anthem

ne .NE .13th, -1962
S _-ViasMicaY-Program' (Mulire e-Haiti)
-tvning General 'Program Schedule
i P"--et's Learn English
pm-Children's Program
40pm-Childreri's program: Cartoons
0 -0pi-Dragnal, -with Jack Webb ', *
30pm-Children's program: Cartoons
,lpm-Telenews (1st edition) Review of the day's events
00pri--Les Dames du Corps Diplomatique Presentent
i15pm-Actualites d'Israel a
:30pm-Boulangerie La Poste presents a new chapter of "Le
Comte de Mohte Christo"
r00pm-Telenews (2nd edition) Summary of the late news, pre-
sented by the Esso Reportpr
-05pm-Heraux Tours Program "Le Livre des Voyages"
pmp-Germany Today (Documentary)
m-Close of program -- National Anthem

ursday JUNE 14th, 1962
m--Musical Program (Mire Tele-Haiti)
pm-Evening General Program Schedule
0pm-Let's Learn English
3Spm-Children's Program
;40pm-Children's program
*-00pm-ICI INTERPOL (last week episode)
)30pm-Children's program (2nd edition)
.Spm-Telenews (1st edition) Review of the- day's events
'00pm-M. SQUAD presented by M & S Construction
00pm-Telenews (2nd edition) Summary of the late news, pre-
sented by the Esso Reporter
O05pm-Telecinema (Cont'd)
ipm--Close of program National Anthem
y JUNE 15th, 1962
rm-Musical Program (Mire Tele-Haiti)
pm-Evening General Program Schedule
[m-Let's Learn English
pm-Children's Program
pm-Heure dfantine No. 2




7:45pm-Telenews (1st edition) Review of the day's events
8:00pm-Sea Hunt
8.30pm-Le Lornies des Mohicans presented by :'Banqie Com-
inu ciale d Haiti"
9:00 pm-Telenews (2nd edition) Summary of the late news, pre-
sented by the Esso Reporter
: 30pin-Gun Smoke
10:00pm-Close of program National Anthem
Saturday JUNE 16th,,1962
5:30pm-Musical Program (Mire Tele-Haiti)
6:00pm-Presentation of Evening Program
6:05pm-Let's Learn English Review of the courses of the week
7:00pm-Children's Program Wells Fargo Tales and Cartoons.
7:45pm-Telenews (1st edition) Review of the day's events
8:30pm-Pan American World Airways Program: Ic Interpol
9:00pm-Telenews (2nd edition) Summary of the late news, pre-
sented by the Esso Reporter
9"05pm-German Actualities with.Gerard Jolibois
10:00pm--Cloe of program National Anthem

Saturday JUNE 17th, 1962
12:30pm-Musical program Mire Tele-Haiti
1:00pm-Program Schedule
1:05pm-Widen your knowledge
1:20pm-Children's Program
1:30pm-Children's program
3:30pm-Wagon Train
4: 30pm-Telecinema
6:00pm-End of program National Anthem.

Beautiful Peligre Lake .

for any and all who wish to partake of the beautiful
goodness of a peaceful vacation amidst the sur-
roundings of nature's own greenery.
38 Miles From Port au Prince
4 HUNTING .................. FISHING

. WATER SKI ......... ...... RELAXE
t For your reservation, call up In ODVA Radio-Station at
1- Corner Rue du Centre and des Cesar 68. a
^t^&^t^^h~fS^&^>^SS^own 10^^>A^E'^SA at^yo~


* .-

t. :

I- y:

--- .-- I- a
Haiti's "Gingerbread Palace" and famed hostelery the Grand Hotel Oloffson, show place o

Haitian architecture, exquisite cuisine and contented giving. Set amongst a myriad of tropical tree

and gardens the Oloffson, complete with miniature pool, is the haven for the -unIlbited..

AY JUNE 10, 1962

Excellent Lobster Dishes *

By The Sea-Side'
.At .

Have Your Party At.
Swim, Spearfish, Snorhe, -i
Water-Ski And Sa .'
In Safe CoastalWater.'"
'rom KYONA .

British Charge d'Afairs'
(Continued from page 1) '..'
Monrovia, Liberia, as First e&Se.
retary and Consul and also a
Charge d'Affalres. In 1959 M
Niblock went to Houston, Texas,
as H. M. Consu in charge d'i
Commercial Affairs at the ,Brit&
ish Consulate-General, covering%
the states of Texas and New Me4
xico. Mr. Niblock has now come"
' Haiti as Charge -d'Affaires -t:'
the British Embassy in Port ai
Prince. He is married and has;.i
"o sons. His wife has accompa-
nied him to Port au Prince and
his two sons ar studying in BrE
tain. The oldest son is at the
London School of Economics and
the youngerwill be. going to New
Conllge, Oxford, in October
'ds year.
--- -. ...,I


FO I TEIOArb he salaies of th workers at home must be pad c) to take any steps deemed necessary for the control of the A 4 c t k can e ba n wri
t-.1ach teihiit aice of te eWrork the employer7 or by periods ot work performed at home or by the job. 'ril 5.Tecnrc f w he cn it isba p yeawtrg
a we for t ton It sharl compulsotily be in writing when it is passed for a yea
letVtm o o le n447.- -Any one who, intently or in dishonesty make s a or more or when the contract is collective. v
e IJ jof-,hc ree4 Cdere to. hecotrct o workxa~ thos s~tj1 ~Article 45.-The miaximumn duration of sevcs cannot ece
Dpva l L a ,& tiin C,, d 'n odl se d ote otat fwrt cribed by the present law; any one that makes a false declaration 1 otsi h okri o copre yhsfmlo w
op ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~1 mla nk~a~~a dxlit j months if the worker is not accompanied by his family, ortw
,ves n reis liable to mnmum fine of Gdes. 50 to 250 for the most or to y e is.
CIIAPTER ~~ d VhII -qEx~ualifications whe i is a qalified Worker; Arigl40 Thsl 44'ate imb h mlyr otewr- prisonment not ex ceding three months if the fine is not paid. caanniotei
CHAPInnlen VMt cle9 flT is byteepoert hwr Articel 459-The infringemnezts to the contract of law cno
'e) the dae he Wtrs employed and the notice for his tiisdssal, er aimikpi 'peftrritting be lattei to transform themn in previously This decision shall be taken by the Tinbunal of ,Labour and shall berpuished b5y pTena sacionngms. t otat lwcno
0n -artiiesthatwil~be o- ack or te -emplyer ai.anybe pt tothespecal ccout-o theDGT nd ocia Wefarefor Artilee4y. he poviionsof hefpesenoCoearldtshtoall
h e o P oeAr ti e Das t d a y :to b eo e xe ct e d at hoe e oAe r t o s e v e s pe s al b to ra c ktd of w o r k at h ump to w hth e t he e x ecu t i n to f it s s p r ora m '
Ar e eo sl r-p edure represent gamme of Education of the working class p en c6 Teiations of the ract Co deelatd ntocsu
Ari e wo4k2per6ore theemployer or hisrepresefve shall ofter mta register tahe present Cod nall be mad Article 448.w [ are also applicable to the agricultural laborers,
b okr their home or arr other place freelybselecteda bycaly prepared to this effeli, saped by the Offce of Inspectio Article 441.-A salary. can be zed only AthrAhe limlitsI pre acts of violence, intimidation, gift or promise, shall obtain the easpphbltoheanuurlaorrs
cepaio fsal rles inferior to those. which must bepaid a ril 6.l'onrclua lbue a eeieaslr n
underhesupervision or close direction of the latter. o o a b te l i i mtosed tetootchennimum salary in -
Artice -The work to the task is the one performed at home a) Name, Christian name, o the worker; Aicle 442.Thebooks, tools o uipment or material necessary cording to the prvisions made in the present chapter or these to th e ilxch
bapc a be gedupnadcrti od- b) Number of identity card, leld by the worker and that of his for the execution of a, work and longingg to the Worker cannot of a contract of work in wiintg or of a scale of salaries fixed by The salaries payable in kinds, shall exclusively be in legal money.
andd:q t q to hlc tet D et of waohic ana pcrial har beall be and to Article 462,-The partial payment of the salary in kind, may
ofixed beforehandisuch as:dquantity,,qualityandduration c) -The salary that hasbeen fixed; th4frb to a t vwor to e a Departmeountog Lrom Gde 1oato GWel 50 or sf the offender be authorized but it cannot, in ay case, represent more than half
A;Ucl 44l isoride to 0e an tot tciv wor the total aa~' Ih Gert p1ace bo the empoye at ifteofne
-Ish Wok o b unishdeed.a nepoeaypro h ss d The date when the wrhas hndda teurtofxdonSdasnd-holidays. cannot pay, to an imprisonment spreading from 3 to 6 months to of the total salary. The property placed by the employer at te
A e consderoed aun em tnd y person o beforehand for its ecuto th b ofLour to be put ; a worker's disposal, to sow it and harvest its products, cannot be
ex ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ o s Thear emlne mak moreovere asil fo tayien nae kind. Ther payen ofnune bye saaiuary aou o ept oaspca
th dsr icego another one ner thonditions provied fork h inm 0 The quantity arid quality Of t he w I rk so that the work may be execute inm- conformity with the legal account of the Department of Labour and Social Welfare in view considered as a payment in land. The payment of the salary
th tw r cdngarticles, in ordertre tuo;ptitform someit work huaving The mae Ihtpbiob force related to the duration 61 works, weekly rests of the application of its program of Education of the Wgrkmng Class. salb oea es wc ot iha tevlo ite as
f)~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ atura quntt aned qult ofsple rmtralta rvsosihall be done at least twice a month with an interval of fifteen days.
a~~~~~~~~ comrilcaatr ai-lgl oias Article 463.-The normal duration of the work is 8 hours daily and
edary is the one that has a task entrusted ktm by might be placed at the worker's disposal; ha ea oias ,Article 449-The Chief of a Concern, the, sub-contractor who in Arce46 Thnomldronotewoks8hurdayad
Thewor Inemethat shall be paid separately,.
1 prsnsg)The number of control card corresporidmg to the: work to Article 44 LThe Pim weete work at haine is performed order to substract himself from the obligation of paying a salary 48 hours weekly plus overtime work ta hl epi eaaey
oney orseerl ersons -nidsracmecil adcat edonet; -swl stb c otools ised by the Worker, must p6b- or in order to pay a remuneration inferior to the One established In case of absolute necessity, the duration of the day s work
h) ghe dat whenw l pthe joberashanded
agiutua:oncern, whatever its nature may be, even if the h)Tedt hdtejbwshne.senf he :conditionsk ok byglre and security. required by- the comi- beforehand, shall destroy in whole or in part or shall tamper with (Continued from page 10)
o This registrar must be kept for a period of at least five years potent authorities sthe oef or papersnprovided for by the present te
said coner ha an asc ofmp wti proeesiiena teahin pageo oron0f.)trr

caiyistution, any undertaker or intermediary having some in the archives of the concern and should be ready. forpre-tat. If the Work 1pris ee L h worker's home, the latter canf as elements of the control of work at home or by the job, shall
wokdoeinhs domicile must declare his activities at the DGT tion on any request of the Thispectolr of Labour. be deprived- of his, onlteact-omly in Qase of infections and contagious be pursued and punished as falsjfier according to the provisions -ep" d u lls h a *
rhyalin IV.,se~t~

t er stipulated. disease. ofhMe Penal Code.
-A onrolreisrarshllbe ep byth Srvie f cle 432.-A bolillet shall be handed by the DGT to the Article4:Te or at home nay be forbidden by the DGT .Article 45(9,-Athy inifringemebnt to the present law for which
Artile 30.- cotrolregstra shll b ket bytheServce f Ari e445-hflark ag lfa lfglo ifie i ?
v:LburIsetion whose part shall be to ascertain the numbe. 'of worker, free of any charge on the laticers part, and at his domli in, dustibsthat, I n reason of their nature, risk, the health or life 9pecial pnaltyhs o lcnfedshlb pmhdbafneo
sevnt morig in a home or to the task, indicating: cile. The employer or his~pitxy Imust note all iniformaiion) required 6f the workers and that' of heir ites.2 !31des. 5b-to Gde 500 or by an irtiprisonment not exceeding a year,
a T herae hnd Christian nsime,of the worker; and every time the worker receives or hands a work and is paid Aitd48-. h11l ith t? utbiondes of tl G rayo aeo nnfnmh ftl ie
b)Tenmber of his id6ntitY. card and his address; the- salary due to him for this work. Othbr al ity n charge of. the 6plhcation of the law: In case of repetition, the fine shall- be doubled and the offender,
c)Te g and sexe of the Worker; Except for the time necessary to enter this iorniation, Qh a) to se hemptloeres; for a period of, oils year, shall be deprived ,of his licence. The
booklet must rma.'in in the worker's hands and shall be presented b) to- fx-the mnIodel I& o the doe mental. required. by the present amo unt received shall be placed in a special account of the De-
ont request, fmothe cim tent authority.- partme e of Lbour and, SOheal Welfare in view of the development
If a worker perfof~i job at flis private house and iworkn i r of his program of Educeation of th orking Class.

one of his employers. T.T E W ORLD CIAPTER IX
ff T--T, RArticle 433. The woriety in his private house ,hall be' allowed
ock.~<~ 4Scounto thela~elt oI h

all benefits deriving fituif the provisions of th a eae otLabour Employed In Agriculture
prvents (HOnnCesagry fire fiuesl: control- and pa,ment of pvertim e
A-O paid Agricultural Labourers--
01V8d Ld SE~t ril 3:Ts y. of the Worker who works at borne nmusL

-GREATER TRU iON ill no case,'kifrd to the one paid-for the salm job Article 451.-Are cohnidef'ed as agricultural labourers, those who
usydtbbhvo a worked of the sallie chbrtumudty, wholois working in a, workshipp. perform for the benefit of a third Person and against salary, the .
InnwBFGoec ok The. sallary of a worker -worknrig'hy the job, Mtdt i fUsuaI wotiks performed. an agricultural undertaking, cattle breed-
Service tires give full traction to the legal minimum of eight ho='work. If the worker at oeing or log industry.. Tihe agricultural worker can be employed on
infrard or rgeverse, guard a spwmnhrslr hl nt1 n 1 d1?Rernmaent basis or on a part time basis; he can f4rmneae
built to its inflated shape. It same work to other workers of the 'male sexe. oathe bagis ofttime, byr the job or on contract.
flexes evenly- no localized Atcle 452. -Wlirks of- an industrial or of U commercial character mb
stesses that cause unoncessary ,Article 435.-For the execution of a job,%the worker may furmish devdVMfialutaero obiee sarclua ok.g

deivc Irmariutr at4o0osdrda arclua ok.6
either his technique aloneB both technique and the mr AtThe directors, adminristiatots, accountants or employees of an
metothe jb.-e s for whc ewrs I hep ;hl h vk r fIn .h .d ....statv staff of agricultural. enterprises cannot be consider-
BF.Goodrich Rock Service teriail and m the-occurrence of a dama Ige suffered by hsmtra ed as-agricultdital abourers.
tires. You'LL benoe h h before Arti a t h mlyetelsssalb cle 453.-- e provisions of the present chapter are applic-
supported, by the worker'.alone. If the Worker furnishes able to arct ctrrss atebednlgidsreIo f
SM ~ ~ ~ kow how in case of a darnage, only, the fault -he, has fid.mlaas it was: provided for under title II of the'present Code, except cream-al c cannot, Gives f Iagran
be ispoabrkto im. he vorie? hallnot No ibeentwhen: the enterprise is a farmil ta leave dulling, dirt- r
ILX NLto claimn iaby aaiyi h magcur eret wrlvaArticle 454.-N o petsbn or Company can, for somebody else, catthing soap film!P
s, obetei.ofihddpbfp h ipoe wsoc4 griev t expe reer I it workers, unless it detains a icdence delivered by the com-
po iordinsiky materhils, gthe damage was caused by a defect in the materials used if flumdusnme to r nbr, w) )rover you~aa petenit authority. 6 Rmesmbrasing Halo leaves hair soft,
blwnt ndM Wi i i)sveapit n nasrst@ hckn hall be )nponxie glorious sf Swieating of labour by subcontractors is forbidden as well as dandrufffrom both hair manageblde---shining h
Ina'e sparaelyfor ach thatis u ed# i pu eddn aace poitle j that Lelicateflavo any dleddutn from salaries, that might be usedtopy tlanscp ooruntrlhglits
forallpaf t6b& aid rae 9 he I nirc to an employer,.his proxy or any intermediary (re-
ithi ghtt) a tm 46 tindt ephmoti (or keep Yes, "soaping"jour hair wt
Article 436. fen the defect causing it e dliag 1a job). even finest ligni or oily cream
td wtte th d teti siil b mae o thArticd le 6.-- The fact that the head of a family has beean re- Stt o aIdli
the :ceador Wri the dedutielfn shall be commuirfcated inwriti crtuted dosnot,' imply that another member- of the famffly is with a new ingredient, cootsains
bee enite toa MA S Hr Y-F, & ita ndle als empoyd Consequently, any worilen and children who, with Thus Hoalo grj:orbi
BRCAL WILIA bARR S.A. appreciate in eac 'aethe dsefed or, damiaO caursed ad dete 'mle s, preeeire ne ary or suppleemqntary Pov ss ieyuuea
TUST RECEVEDmine- the remourt ofthe deducton, without arrn retdic o te -ari osewreeimeb ieandrlworker for Hal-Amric's In
jht V o aodree
IUS 'RECIV D rteshapo-tdy ...A

.5i Anyen invet ok salb asd50prette te entlorye of thisea& aolo ivets dead ity ,unihd CA I U I L N
VxtclDu6.-healieutra Loksalleboyares of24mothe noierI boerfore the exdo e urtion of the. work ac;ifh

01y, exceptonally be Increased witou 1nhoursng daily lo and thei The t natuthe epofe thes etoerpieaned hecnchchl
arles, ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 8 toThs nofcalhldyt iklevs adana eai proorei on in which thea ONLY 3clo0s id oblied
Ve, pamntoioetiewok shall be remnaaeia rscied 50 therecent gv the woiet the employer an theANSPORTAT-PION)
iie.a saar, Article 475.-If eponyter shall- haetogv the noie orbl orkst' awereeO L $.1
Article 465.-The enageent woflers sthalenjo 1 ar chrest of 24 xmonted notic byfr the enc ea duaiohfeh- contractwsca eid, iofl hhlen o06t

shallnmoreoverlbe mentild wto ut m in cur in les any loseas on- thei bed tat the employer Wishtae' tofrne the:orntractr whi.clnht shall_ .rvt resn om
saares, toh ei hsica onteffi ial hoidas torb i cklaepidanadeannnfre.o oemr er.Te-ooi golgdt
av, wic 466hallberemulturate aaoues presentitled by the prsameNPRTTON
bts~~~en giv thecato andic ctoiio the employer.,-dto om e
C ode. Anduitrla workersnth .t o h ntc,.sr wrsweeOLY$.
Article 46.-When tengaementoofrlessue than1ear ob hiladio n is exctdwihbfurfc htte otatwscnclewudCilrnM-5
blag~~~~~~~~Prvt Dressing, hems stsy h oniinspecrbdbyt
-totunhealthy orktis, on ato cahes thein ofremses mahnse tat edgn-gsniud np~
dangber theirlthysical. integrityd isfobddearn. e t naiat
Article such as cuto allo lhaboresaeentits to hv there ownromean

#gdfasoitions and coaltlo auris thosaera guesaranee to thei~rwit
shia.oIndu tratls worek ears.
Article 468.-Thn he employer iassomelse thefurnigatione of fur-
'ticangloassitngce muto saisf thes condi h ebr fterf-9HUenTations presrebd brip
i competnt authorities. Inalcss the premises o uste d coner.lSuch ngs 0ya tis~ilm
e i$9 m stbhe shealtywel vuenoilathed ablishm rante its dinhaitntsar ar-cnipu osdne
msbed such as oal o the neesaryupents thave their onecssroo tand ato aimm ~s an

tospraer thner cildre according to o rthe ir thex srglegint.qiepr e rce
Theem plye d s hale l requ irealth at theas hcoussdin b kepth instrctood.m d r e .I lir x iii
cponditions anohalfuns the maauteorialneessar to thirwht
washn tile as 46. ncall yagr.clua ocrswee tlat5
Articlge chldenar wrkng he employer is compel ed to furish fre ofan
c are on Whenprto the benfciarn ies, alolated ical a nad fhromany-iVU otnziefato
euicate isacro i okesn, the members s oblfe thoi fa-ua the nou ea.eaation -SaCp tait V ure -Grip
nperat ivin withne thmonspl the p orkemiss ofithe clgodsncer.Scssarn de0Goodye a a 6t4s mo kin tavail
asith maincesallsupoe the 'stablltohishmentect, a: ipensafry hepro cog porvu onr une~
Govermethodso pubro Sevidigticelpshal be'eeydb h Allez es Vor rres puour Vous
i:Ihe sta saulthorites. encorage th Irato la forcsin C0Vttd e 00 tr'adto. ,
nedy concr itus expecthed the coobperaecotee in the struggeraanst
trticle~~~~~~~rqus par-I the famigles t teshrcrppr teem
.6ierni brinsea erain unh althy aes of 9ands a td the colnstrucios
;ud proisions ie ofth saniaryn atheobreitis. o h rdut.-
tractois,~~~~~~~~grc au son shares, Afsepoiesdsie oteclnit

A rohticl sh.-nall aegovricultura concerns wheronout leasth cou0
44,p as oge cshiden are wotrkongar th emplyrovisobiged tontaine
orge ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 1 se Inspectio ofLaou.. n'8pcileenionqtpor o hrenecodpt
'Acl 472.-Th he concerns is locatehoder fayrb pas fomally aisde Vo. obenz nu nemeiearet ulo
-,eti rtng hoeer, i the emly r s olie robabencoualge~ the creatio s tof a G m 9 .9.
copeatiedestlineld to supl thewrkGers. wi00thes algodsnrces msar pneun dtracteur Goodms_ en rasrat
Stheiril meaintenatnce and shall, tothsefonctud, aplyfore hel tom mntinsg db "Trpl Tlbeud Qe Xtu.
tril 73 Tesadcnrcts. mustl conei the eolowngoores
-!h Goenameant' -hribtian naerv anucviouits f hdcohucir
Thperstarshallohaveo -a-ncouragethe creation of d Cmisseions XB lEz vte&lqQoyAR.
destined tear study togte thee yrbears if the land, uh by the nern.

ploe br ins acertai qunit y ofree ns and the colonist ut oits
w lerk itgh the of shain the P9EU GOODYEA- ofU tHhQU prodcts The,

&nI nh kh o event, bein terio t-5-o half.

j -.

"al'.. .. ,.'t ... ... .. "'"'','.'":' 1;' -' -''-: '- i; ^ ,- ;.: -'. ;f';,v ..', T-,'' .* "

T2)J*lt t~hes c6olonstq 2p4 hi~s catt1%%' lfl*liZg : naturin**rBi __
L..',:;^ T ?P '. ".
" t"' po) "'p' e" }'." "ti"; %6 "v"s"o "'" ""' a

*t he i srOleot
t~WOktt t~~a& oi4 the therm

*JA~~th It'Aon6tcd.

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S MBO-SH (52 PAS 15; -


S. .. 300 PASSENGERS FARE' FROM $95.00

-.N,-*. W & C--o.

NIS WALKER J oseph Nadal & Co
-..- e..-. .'. N D. AD.ESIKY *



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_: I I .. I I I '- x ,. .!, : "" .1 I I I 1. 'I ,_ ]is -courses ,At 'the ..:Law School
,.;, ,, ,, 'h _.:. I i.0, T::_7,- _.,,- ,_-
'' I .1 I 11
at I 'de en enee., a .at the',
''preii6tinced _7by the Tribun z of Labour for, the profit of the, Divi- eficeland to-preserve4 leirJairpess,- eir I ,. Et6 ology,
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itceived ,shall -, I I .. ,ffi I I I .. 'Vexceptional ten For
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jBhftr. i So ciat' 1 M ",V'6V ,,Lrabhi : --'And ,the Chid of eir,, -i, I I ., I
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' ':::M ticle,494.Anyone who..injently or,. dishonestlyll- mA es .a false, ,,: ,the w6rks,, in. -;ill: premi .d I.b '- i t h' _;.1 I Y, ar. -, __ I
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O m I in:a register or, a: I I I I ,,, 7 -' I I I ,,, .1 -., ;,';i; 1,1_ AVj 1,'M jD'6 6r fie qe ented
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I I I I I I -1 .? I I I ,; COM M on conferiDnee aw tit edstdrn
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. ,_ 1. I ,- -yr,
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1c confereneq4olv,, ee 'A116-
rdceived, shall be 6ntertld. Hl-a,., special account qfAhe]. -3-To rle .: c6mm" tion of all b iks, 'riegj'sten 'and d.c. '' .1 11, I 1. 1
, amount thus I I I i I :._, 009. I ...
4 ", I I I 11 I ,: '. _-, 1 1 t6; to 11CM10 ,- i ,),ro r(tl-a
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,; 1.,;' 1Z -- ,. ".fthe, Whole ,,
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US DA 1tUNE: '10, 1962


i,- Presentation of
I "Chants dua Silence"
(Ceninbed tronft page 11)
L pansion, to escape frof.' the. sce-
[nery of fLaGossell=earid to live
i elsewhere.- Are they? ,rlght oi
".wrong? It is not our aim to make
any comments about their deci
' '
"Whatwe can say,! my dearj
Botmad,' Is .flat your merit is,
kigreat. Up to now you haven't
b bepn attracted- by.theI "pink ho-:
EiCnIZ'3, ovevhohlmhed-, by. beauty,,
lgoy anid bappiness., As .a faithful
son, you are sharing .the pain-'
diu i situation. of 'our ,city. of Jac.
mel. :Youo -are breathing i. it.1
sad' atmosphere.. You .stay in
close contact with.; iome, of its
miseries, .its despair,' its slow
agony .You' dii muchi better. .')i
have 'decid tol iite4pret> Iby
xneans of wooel so many feelings
which are 'disturbing its private
life. -. .. .

- "And you have chosen to offer
to our dilection its melody inri
'"Chants du Silence" ..,

"I like the comdpsi qof~your
tical work, the 'stylb of your
rg accnts and
vto take, for exampleyounex .s-
e and expressive '-aein "Jac-
14el Triste" (Jacmel, the me-'
ancholic) you so friendly dedi-
ated,.to me. -,

:"Youar inspiration is essentially
acimelian, whether you are ma-.
g thehome-ild:ryou~are
ngm ina 'ow.voice the. soun
'appiiin -.. or',th"' hboib. 'Your
tical style is remarkable and
ills the. attention 'because 'ybu
e the 'isucesaul. it: ieter -of,
Melahchdil1and idienice.
I"'' wish to congratulate you
'that reason,- my dear- Bon-.


Tribute To A., Frient
(G&etinaid fr e'pageq"if)

onomlical develoepmnet of 'La-
Amnerica" tas discusosed. He
negotiated with IBD about
i|ligre. During -these conversa-
a in New York, 'he waif sick
underwentt his"last opera-
HiS 'forigh'ocala'gnes: visi-
-hhid -at the hbpiliHl.'"The or-
a tion which .we;rejrdseWt",
hy said, i'wants to contribute
!o, the return to health of this
_0e sample of a Haitian whose
ompetence and manners we ap-
d-;eciate. '. -
As a man, he was .popular,
f:'']ways open, engaging, "sym-
A- 9pthique." available tinder pru-
.'.e.t and reserved. -ppearances."
!;ne of the greatest lucks of
nie short life is that never could
Vpblitics harden his mind and
,iA valuable man has. depart-
!e Monday May 14th, before
|dn. Or rather has retired mne-
in the peace of the Lord.
3isHung about, this these -days,
tas as a need, not because 'his
.e was a friendly one but be-
f se it/was a true value, 'a sure there are very few.
S(Ooutinued' on page 12)


(C. continued from- page 12) -
wdrk, to see how far they are in conformity with the legal
provisions, to draft.,a copy and make some excerpts.
4-To require the posting of provided for by the laws'
on 'Labour. '
5 5-To..set apart and take away samples of matters' nd substan-
'ei that are used or 'handled.
'..And, ,In general,. to make 1ll examinations control and ne-
qessary enquiries, in yvew of guaranteeing the osbervance
.of tbe laws on'labour.
.ArticLe 498.-The Inspectors df L.ab6ur mqst never,have any
interest of any srt,' direct or i'irecti in ,the- establishments placed
"' I .' # '' i J
under their control. ,
a) It'.is als' forbidden to the.p,, td.reveal the secrets of manu-
facturing. or fading as a rule, theg, processes of working which
fthey may acquire in.performing iheir function. .
-.tfi ; ac: iey "
) 'To, give' wrong information in their, reports.
.' c) '.To divulge-'all' information or complaints 'that ,may reach
them, concerning. an infringement to the laws on 'Labour.
Article .-99.-The .-Inspectors may organize conferences,7 form
joint" councils to.i.s iiss" iuth the repies'bntatives of the profes-
sional associations, of employers ahd workers, ..on questions related
to the pIlcatioe' of "the lawvs on',I'bbour, on the security and
.health o .e'worlerre 2 -
"Article 500.-In- order, o obtain ,the .maximum of efficiency in
'the control,. of inspecion, the: number 'of the Inspectors is fixed
while ta g uto account: -, ,
-Th- importance of the work to done;
2-The number, nature, iinportahce and location of the esta-
blishments subject to the control dff the Service of Inspection;
T3-The number and .variety. of.-the categories of workers who
are working, in these establishmentS ;
t4-The importance of- the attributibus t the' Indpection. Division
S.regarding mthe rinbe i nd complexity the laws, whose ap-
Y plication, it mnuht guarantee. ':' ',
S'Article'501.-The' establishments shallbe, inspected a s often as
.It is deemed necessary so as to insure ah. efficient application of
the. legislation of wo .
i' Article 502.-The re prts drafted up by the Inspedtors and the
accounts given by them within the frame .of their attributiobs are
lie as true untill the contrary is proved. '
. These' official reports shall be dated an4. shall 'mention: ,
1) The name, bChristian name; home address of .the offenders;
2). The *.atred ol, the offence-as well as the circumstances in
'- .-"bhit'took p1ece;, '
.3). r O.a.nee to 'the articles or laOagraphs of the laws, pro-
: Ww ls, regulations of t]he Code that have been
M *.
'Article' 603.-In pdnetrafing on the premises of ; concern for
an Inspption .visit, the Inspector must, at once, apply, with cour-
tesy to tle'empl $yer or his''proxy, submit him the documents es-
tablishing his titles and' qualities and ihiform him about the object
of his visit ,.
Article %4:'.--The employer or his proxy' to whom' the Inspector
shall apply iist supply all information liable to'..let him accom-
plish the duties attached to his_ work and to 'answer clearly all
questions put to him.
In case the Inspector is hampered in the execution of his task,.
the latter shall draw up an official report and shall, at once, ask
the Judge of Peace for help in the execution of his task.
The Judge of Peace shall be compelled to answer this request
Article 505.-The Service of Inspection of Labour may, if neces-
sary, require the assistance and collaboration of the Corps of San-
itary officers or any other Government administration technicians
in order to take all necessary steps concerning sanitary conditions
prevailing in places where people are working and also the health
and security of the workers.
Article 506.-Before entering his functions the Inspectors of
Labour, on requisition of the Secretary of State for Labour and
,Social Welfare take an oath drafted as follows, before the Civil
Tribunal of their jurisdictions:
"I swear to fulfill the duties of my profession with courage, im-
partiality and independence, and never to reveal the secrets of
manufacturing and methods of exploitation that I may come across


Avenue Marie-Jeanne, No. 5 Ote de 'KExposlton

. 11

In the berecise of my functionl. "
An official report shall be drafted, copy of which shall ,'be
dressed by the Dean of 'the Civil Tribunal to the Secritary of~[
for Labour and Social Welfare. .'" 2
Article 607.-The Inspectors of Labour intervene to solve i
conflictss of work and difficulties that may arise between thi
player and the worker, or between employers 'and workers, soi
to find a way to conciliation outside justice, and if not possible'
transmit themi care of the competent service of the Departme,
the Arbitration Committee or to the Tribunal of Labour aso.
to the case. ..
Article 508.-The corps of Inspectors of Labour shall i.con
compulsorily of a determined number pt female inspectorss*
shall especially be in charge of controlling the conditions prev
in places where women and children are working.
Article 509.-The Service of general, ispectipn'must pe
every year a general report, especially on the following tppicd:ij4
a) Laws and regulations that lie Within the competence q fi
Inspection Sa Labour;
., b) The staff to be effected to the Inspection of Labour;
c) Statistics of the establishments to be inspected, and nuni&rl
..: of'workers, busy in these establishments;
d) Statistcs of' inspection visits; '
e) Statistics; of.infringements and sanction'to be applied i*
I) Statistics of accidents occurred in the work;"
-g) Statistics of professional diseases.
'* General Provisions
Article 510.-The. Inspector that shall contravene to the p
-visons pf the articles of the present title shall jbe a"suBi
pension of 15- days to one month loss of salaries'.an disi
in case -of repetition, without .prejudice to iii enal punishmep
he might incur.
Article 511.-The refusal to'obey the Inspector's orders pas
within the limits bf his attributions, the false declarations, int.
made to an Inspector performing his'functions shall be fted ,
200 up to Gdes .1,000 or' be imprisoned from 15 days to
nionths to ,be pronoimced by the Tribunal of Ihbour. In
insults, threats and ill treatments, .the offender shall be"f
from. 500 to 2,000 goutdes or be ~iprisoned during period
ing from 6 months to a year to be .pzqno unced by the.'ompettd
Tribunal as provided in Article,.259 ot t i~ Prebt Ce& .
In .case of repetition, both punishments. shal l, iIicti 'to .
offender. The amount received shall be entbred dfi tle. credit s1
of a special, account open for,the Department of Labour and'Sol
Welfare in' view of the development of its program.: of Educt e
of the Working Class.
r The provisions of Sectiofi IV, paragraphs and. I of Law .
4of the Penal Coe related to rev plts and outrages co-niF
against the legal authorities oa public forces, shall be applica&let
in favpur of the Ipspector of Labour in the exercise,of his Iuai
Article 512.-Any infringements to the laws on Work, shall, 6&-"
cording to the official report presented by the Inspedtor of Labioa .
Jbe judged by' the Tribunal of Labour, and the judgment that,.!
pronounced, shall be enforced at once, even if the offender appeAit'
to the Supreme Court. The Tribunal of Labour shall be conidpe't
ent to decide on any claims to the private interests of the parties. .'
The application of any condemnation shall be made throu
imprisonment, as prescribed in Article 36 of the Penal Code., ",.
Article 513.-The Inspectors who shall neglect to comply with 1
the provisions of Articles 501 and 502 of the present Code, shall' be'.,.
liable to be punished according to the importance of the offence,
by a simple blame or by a fine varying from 1 to 3 thirtyeth and
'in case of' a repetition of the offence, by a suspension varying from
one to four. weeks, with loss of salaries arid even dismissal.



T 1 A T S UN ''SUND3AY JU1NE 16, -1969

fH Eh u2le i Acodigt-eopno

Me~~~~RAS rgyfrmhs n vstt avn.S -CMPVEPOLM C --redutor e. as the
('eo plITN ~d7h Teiutilctoto iiso uaces er ma
if ter i jmpnglie rzy Wll yu ant av mch I Prlamhtciclstisa fRURAL MARKET s P laces:.ha it le! shopkeeperso the, giti wofh
:,Hfe Edithorus t illgrogg -frotm hisbressen vicsit t eo Ha ckana. Say st, o as thjc frgl-supresadif ponns a-olco
pepeinti clm' fIdo ic ny npopew( IFn concerning ; Jon' 7ura ) ar-T multpliatov ns, or etsensi on rua shp-e~s alv. mari
th-nts-ing tohtere its an k oe crz. Well you ntcdnt't hinav e etstrmottucehbi.I, gta h efei dmslta tatala teimossy
jum ve ppeared hee n yoyswlo et Ick sens tharla et a cgr cles o Deuies a :i of ru ral maribtios, p nlac esr-a ito aome Deo utesa nte, thq.* qof thee
ii wth out' able r -Frit Ks DearJohn" l ett ued rhighthaveickingwl, eaetemte ekn fvn ddcid f ae rbehAdt ti
quesoltion of a wijch dufu mrega ;upprytmer oarosd ithsopoentqs.o e xcontextor.oft peatra
onheart eu it Ifn' Iut do, a peick only on'e ople his h amb rge' than 30oneascviinatotes te ifeet hef o Ste ty( atwsru tie sn
thfo m aisbury t ea n mse pttestenih e h ieprninentshae rualwa, r a dk MInithepr ovics Ithery. used to veehn) te istae
.it.~~ Iuc hopee; Dc F .et new Shaspheicd thpay hios nam eogt' ithrou andreutra are'plcs in eh brum int -gaytit4h $diin
big lenog to ltake itan he'su 66nkn Reubic namin it Ktlhatha t.r Geea df, atlye as the 0ua goea
ha s dyou ifever at ulear &C.ever, ad'anybois .r e lcmde ikSemsn that box go I p of Deuis o otiuini re onsom ee Dpties Iitend to meet
er ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ t se ng reve "txs1ad-o t 1y t
a solutionelain w hichn'saucers. littlem e oppose told de ison th tht0ho
b 'eatClaut tdidn'tte h his in antcppetite agai e atehi s Jeanmblurgers ea c .-lsf, h ah eR prsent real-'
than 30trin years ciila bouthoEvereone the talking chiefs toe Stwane' Iy (What, -wa trdth e, ts whot
and h This ofm aisbury Steak random mashed potaon tength of, thpDprt etshveawasread-te f nero to co ea conv -ening tri:sdb id ieu take'r
~ 7 o olchpe uptscomnaSh eekpher klld pup look somily ant th,'-bi ase o!
&t hit.Sch ishlou hve. -Dcr letad n ew tvial" witou any reslt .e" makt lae ntheak' into -acu e zcniin

n uhlike parlttent beare he's obnln of namitg itok the Kola -Tapto ofl lif.I 1t e probl hemo rural ag .rketmpla-
tht Mualle r ho & Co. tevbery when his redemierg FAthB box- and Whee lit u Dhte
porcelawith theguid s andteirnas. -A Jusitl bird theold methtor )e obigel t exaynn itaxs," hegllpbr
eZ _.e fuctonvnieng sofutiony' toeac
Queen Cabudntthe businessanwhosethisg ag rain, bohi to JenClue 'stD Foz N, 0 e 1ra, sinealth- ent shoolem fory'
abou tow wtedontecrctspeillyn whatis difretaou hme! KnwThe o 0 0resent th samenev idner, IN the tx
xe ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ s- coc In sadMvMmws' nbtta ehdcpe ae insecsl, i he Notheir
amean -himse is my week tog commit mahem sone the proof-read- h Nrth-est the, Suho h
e y Freeo Ponly choppe gu Ithis c tlunl as week, hery k Aide to tbnt.Inew faiyadteslesgusedtios
a rd which sh Mould hav rad 6mnthow v al e" Hos e put han "Nce-stletoerglain"ncn
.wher ig e the "W Gholaives been -oo maailal suprt.Wycudi ordywt h eeds anHamh
w,.$ ehes parte rnts are ther ona iif t.r H-eond too thme tok Capo the aproble of thrcncra ed arketlas
seetshoe Ciower, hopin foprnede bestnchen his thme V rgin IsandsC adwehp orDpuis

reol aboult thel buineysoman won Sentdais erand boldys to het the.ecovnet ouirt.e
1se~~~~~~~~ra since the prole beadetoesInadr'tn' ote t

cam ibak an said Mr.that was"--i in't ino bu ace dnt tahe hadc pie sam Ce id rnesume in te Northi
th name himenlofoinoLtleEr from thRunvrt e storeT e note read: th North-West, athe South mornthe
:" beloFree PoreSoping ". It's in till ar funnngy story.eA siedbtlsin to nw rm.akH in
Gerarr All eein Mglii co -o o-ol d maonsrheltert whohasoo uccamedas hae toeropne, its- redced armd
!~~~~~~~~~stl thole reglaton me) con-b ouda ans aeaCner h
ed M in makingm he Gindiaes Dog Fodoe whentosnapot Why shouldng'tdgt0 hug vl(tk l
I av pickedI the runtofthe isn tterigh --Sud toe m ligkt. hto lf thedy aspeths of anzthe-on.endaes
Theboy should dwelleif they ?open Con bbedased holiday when othe (UMT
cris e shipshome in, beauseather V. Isaneeks don't baithr tose
they'engt eo ughn I busnersswthi out.l -and there a grchid en are in r tomlawnn bo theT Noti
wh buqts Wh iten' RsShad Roe? I'vesu e got. such allen n forit, enT Oin RhEO maPENED: I
I'd r wthin I athe wady who el didn' kisnohe, rmiracl s don' hap-sthsts hsn jut~a
...pen ... -Whe lanugo int Littl Europe afrotm time Bonn Sw itze look -M otsa e. eoIn yo
se ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ s hlas i' isto uhi eHDt sa nbd-wt Tnuu ewnot woeekm afte.aoemnt
'srigtaead and up Thre'san w ithR r co anditonn unth inthe woanl
he's~~~~'In shut doon. However, bit estl los lesng-m
. n js elo Ith ca eilng handit Ne-'oar Bcunninly cocaled b otmtlesln onw rmCpHii
..,fliqu or -tkep2th ing theool magn!eTern dlates too-rf aeraarde the.I~r pOMPOSNG waANDce -n

(for fool uli e m)arelon be fons t an'Cmr enter Th Jeaanyud employees ar high- tONo
OPTIMA wie indic ae too a uopiear an when h tosa ysowking Sain OFrisae.I i ~o dta
Francert-" prime 0"il monitoringag the tadio thsleeahe E, E
lreasu liht If th circuit NIsnOt right redi i t StpaS.a

m-- febd r shouldn elecsint nwhr the ot Clobbe ed lougant of thold
gea"and. Ikncown" who'dn pron unrnown Increadsen s
were~ ~ ~ ~ i then toak me t-itle! B Drnadl e't Y ou? h hufe t L U R P
"I Gu0i'sdues back home ivn ameatter of eeks Can't wato d atorse
their~~~~~Pr aueen activties families are seial hi sho o
:ydre-nto-Wma. I udrstand thinki and tha~e cilde areu here TH OE FEOUS' 'GIT

-rn "s '. 's .. ', .M i .a ... t U ..i.'*. .. '.4. ." .: .'" .e .. ".
U.s; :Ambasadoran.Ma a1n. 'at din e i
Sdui gthe week forormer U .S. tjanguage WAthi li e"
Azbasador by Uruguay Edward. fluently, ia ed. NC

Embassy; Port 'au Prince. in .x:
S 9 4042. Ambassador 'Spjarks was; Mr. u 4 t o4 ..m, s
serving 'ait"' ortvide during the nager iof the .Ca
ter-Arerican Conference at zr Corporation of San
NP64ta de pste"recently. re- = Rico a.. a t y..
tirement .rom the .State Dedpikt ort- vai Princea. His "o
13 ,neat bec^qdnes etoot j une 30. 'maufactu es 'ear b. '
xx ', .nalerials anid sizes an
Mr. Valnti dard Blactue -tdvantae :of '.i lck.a ei e

...Ii, ) a ..theG Tua. relle d)., ad the- bab rr.t, .. e..i
S ,coup e of avaga nzagm m t .n out .of miy o
aIthe l a diagly er to asba my arrotn ca .-J ac mek a a kaeis bac,
epi le repnty ilorgNe satont :. st ug 3ea n soldBe raep Hley rsius tiai n ahet iBragg, w ith;a .Q.- of 142! He yfatrnl f

bey Bhelletphinidelphda ith a/gilt during %lnceheo in r honor Ga ther As Toaquese rashe Jf Reese says, beoe as found a Ti no e oVl
osbit ln( th 't8..sadt.e batby em

(phrkn bat week. Iwiss Kelo9 aie Minist (ntat arepl ihe owD a Liber Bell" f.m eAZ D .i.en h ey sre, 'you on a op of a bloater bc
r ma ies'. c ar D Dan dlIhoue also re ded an tion o eputy cos id the be a is goo T hnd ap..-. butt just, Ci i ha e

L pee ion adIp at rwelnsph buie' wdal rbe a prie opat bosto. o ,s b:i, R-V as,ti d t --- oting'hap. o" ,in is
t o tree 1 m t, 4 a I rp e a asynting thi U. flegeps daacgd? c l- any wet ran
.Ia gy roterto as- my." rd).- I
a .. n.S .a f eF -3sles with .e i e e r m r o u l .

: ". tArehe i Avil 'b' f..' E x e.usively "' is iAti a .


i reas e e effic iency oyitrwpberesa- A Wr
j' tion to meek. 1cii r challene an opptity la of Toany feaurses St6dst .erW. ioou mst see it

MIre pople are .eatin and .-living better an ever, "
bfore, weariflg better clothing, living in hettdr ornes,

nbappekite, agriculture must provide' nw land for

h. 'No ,er range any er too.dai.
S. !, TOP BURNER singib flame'. .

EoJH.. ,ip.zng farmers and governmental bodies meet the ,,chal- count. -ess accuratestages of ad-3"bdie t for ey .avery e.oi
.3 wi t too ba s ti.. ag 1 ... and" sEQUAFLO OVEN- BURN R 'a. possible ne.

--- ,-:o rs, bulldozersperfection. Heat is spread in a, rel'ingu'a" pattern. the

machines clear land of trees .. .... 'tr and rocks, move earth p- "oro PILOTS Cool; eco"'omatic Pin Point'
.. .... hoo.. t A' easier, more ..orough cleaning.

..u.q.f.a. i q.'I...arb..,4 Cupmb...Ca. appreciate it. Easy terns too.
I,,MJACTO J. Il.MENT .o. --.RUE P2VEE .. ..
i'_. :...:rd .b Fob&, x. '- ., .. :, -
''r poo e- ar latnad-lvn ee~ta ever'- .. .*
A,..'.. : ..:.. -, ,: :.- ,-: ...,;.,:.. .:':'... .. ..:. ,. .:,. : i h r u p .e .S a d r s f'F o-. : :,!.. .

::~h dingrn #oeg~ andltit sew12-. .. "d .

,' "" 4 "g d"' "4 '.M".'' .
~ ~ ~ i lie 0 .-. .' .. .. .4 a".n

ut.' .,i-AT.,TAU0 HUE VTwihR'uaitXinowN
ji'it Tair Core S.rog RUE aning

agep yet r euain aswe oterna-veewaesgnata .egaue o thIr7
sidet Ge- tins o th word Atthe on-striiesAllok dreserch re- ixity'i~stil tour g Vil7, ;)niM Fisw--,n7a717v
rnind 1uid f he.I ghy ch rgd lain-tolliia -A eicn ea-iv -oendeys.T eyar~uiouiedb h slPp
Reeen meia S ntedbae n h tos.T ee nlu e Dr lvi r terulsurobets ep esi lk ittnioa A e
7-- h ore o hc a oidd e izn frlrVc-rsdn i ifroteibA dd ali e fe a ttri
'hurc oV Vh lqin oc fCalsatteHiinAeia nt
Sumner,~~~ ~ Prsdn icl a t1r.Emn aghs i-or id oeew antlirgrtedsie hpr
th Vus aifcin o inn h oin r E ~nll ogsnil n aoiu icl b sagyaan h
a Edund t o Jun 5,1862whih prvi-poin, Pofqshi f tiernaioial ch'tapprciae th tw c~m off7iarelos s Er
Lttahe o ,dd fr te no ifitionfo ort aw; V& ice ipsinte, hstd oth rs Vilirdi 01 le 1i a ekigi'AGENTnd
7, ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ A = En r l rneo .. ilm ti lan IVzi Mamgt V.cals DIVintest ot c n u
'to% o' h p q e t t v wi h t e tt e o n e na i a e a i n ; L o
itute.o f- DrI'misr hsM.Bnai ria dcto pcals h ertadmseosmam fh .P dls

862~~ EmntAhtecocu ,o oftepo Cmleithehe co mite f 'te-
Aram am M.D ito n ot n- tha es, 4uph and Dr. Wondr6 'uetd s in reali ing V 4Wtl Dir of u ouritry always, however
altetd yPei eat thef ton l of, rnes W omiorld. CoAtte' tahe c sit dsin bn shad concillwt h lc clr uhnia
"PriMarc -, 18' fepreindsnentin oft e d li h is chrged n otrbti ngt te piearan re a-' ism e xpr6e'6essn; o. wr th e stenhhiE- b of the clamps

,Hati suh s tude ,eeedur Amerubica Seat debai t e, irn te o f ratios ewentese icue Co isno ote uanusuapedl' y Brbrjpcsets 1epe oal pr giosy oee
-'hooviy o n ed~d the cours offiily m re h e o pltoio ou et which *or was soundo erniza still-id, tanig 90 our fu it tno e r ve na
ree serr buti en maietain oeanne aan f ur inec ae Expositio 're cluthitr
orte Citnilo Hita clig tepro o rco ni- shn forea and sb ti enjom61 o1 11d e e ,e co ias o h
al iChurc of Inth is re spe~t aprva e s -ina As arof the Cefl n tAe mit ry proi- Ir efngig %,.y topr i uiiepesr nh is
d~~~~~u mine ori- eed we c. sopia %mria Amrcn rfsorvstigH
An ~ ~ ~ c an Mr -htiut wQt Ambasado 7,rs ti,. drsie alcue a
Fortia au Suner Psreiorar t Preindent Soh d ih at tEdmndang-on esehicn.Altefahei nter tlth pcueofrutad tr

Aie t-o ata ilmtsc a r nfcneo ..Dpo ai accbeit anch as thios -discip Brle, (B-rn g.Chil)see n th
0 ateptpg nthe s ue, ep D C sa isact le. of hesing thae aoin,'D. Em~ne' o n ewo-nain h xlrto o h nv eo te epe
da~igtteeas er dmn t fJue5,162wic t oint Proes20oh of Ithis m iontha ThIsaso sam the hs fu itrsdm s

ee oMhanx b-ysane, C sorn others' at theirdVb.Agirtning1 lJ n,.o thng epy sic xrs
..sened t th Re'Thate whie hoigh there divers tyf the 'p rea ecIndty neef W ou painti outhe
Director Juf the1 epaetaiv ot- with t c titl och oI pro ise wqr the future.i
''Jofii P. ~~ Wonder maniettionsl weaill Leo thorre-d y~tros e ft
Haiti'd.Benjamin edMATaN"

an-Amrica erNn on,,

i n s i t u e r o m m s s a T u s r o iedT nT h i ~ c r n E S W I T I-'u u d r m n e g r

Wonder ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ BTE realdtefomrWidnofNwSaphiebTarr'Et-J- h
F,~~~~~~BTE TElmai e-oTUREm e -ca

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