Fayez Hamdan Sunday December 2, 2012 Marks Street Community Ce nter in Orlando, Florida Esam Alhadi, Interviewer and Translator for University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries Edited by Jardee Transcription Also present, Richard Saltzburg Alhadi: Hello, Mr. Fayez Hamdan. Hamdan: Hello. Alhadi: My name is Esam Alhadi. I teach at th e University of Florida in Gainesville. We are happy to be with you today. Hamdan: Thank you. Alhadi: We are here at the Marks Street Cent er in the city of Orlando. Today is Sunday, December 2, 2012. It is now 1:15 PM. Welc ome one more time, Mr. Hamdan. And we are very happy to have this interview with you today. Let us begin by asking you to tell us a little bit about the early phase of your life before coming to America. Hamdan: I am sixty years old. I left from my home country in 1970. I studied marine mechanical engineering in The Marine Institute in Acre in Palestine, and worked for a Swedish marine company which is part of the Swedish commercial fleet. It had an office in Haifa. I worked with them for five years. I was a mechanic engineer officer. Alhadi: Were you born in Acre? Hamdan: Yes I was born in Acre. By the end of my fifth year of service with the Swedish company, I decided to quit after having the opportunity to travel around the world three times. I went back to my country and then came back to America in 1975 to settle here. I arrived in the city of Houston where I ha d some friends and old classmates who were living there. That is where I began my new life in America. I started working for fast
food restaurants, and it didnÂ’t take me too l ong to move on to have my own business. Because of my background in mechanics, I open ed my own garage for repairing cars. I lived in Houston for thirteen or fourteen y ears. During this period, I came to know the woman who later became my wife. We move d to North Carolina, where I changed from garagesÂ—cars and mechanic workÂ—to restau rants. I bought my first restaurant in Morehead City. It was an Italian food restau rant that we named Magi c Pan. I started this business without having enough knowledge of rest aurant work. We were determined to drive this business to succeed, although we started it at a very difficult time for us. Our children were still very young, and we were still in the early stage of our lives. However, things went very well and we bought the building that we were renting for the restaurant. We moved on to buy another restaurant and so me residential units. The business kept on growing, and the children continued their e ducation until they reached college. Five years ago, we thought it was the right time to sell the business after receiving a very good offer. Currently, I am retired. Alhadi: I understand from what you have just sa id that you began in the marine sector, then moved to the field of mechanics, and ended your business career in the food sector. In which one of these fields did you feel that you were doing extremely well? Hamdan: I was driven by a personal love to the field of restaurants. This is why I left the maintenance garage and car business. The re staurant field was new to me and I had no experience in it. However, I was ready to learn how to do it. Alhadi: If I may, this sounds like a very stra nge shift from the very professional work of mechanics, which is related to your background, to a field that is totally different.
Hamdan: This is true. It is from one extreme to the other. I had a look at the area first and realized that it was an attractive tourist area located right on the coast. It is a small and beautiful city that usually has many tourists There are no big industries in the area. Although there were many car maintenance cente rs and car dealers in the city, I was prepared to start something new. I picked the restaurant field, although I had no idea how to run them. Alhadi: Who helped you with the restaurant work? Hamdan: My wife helped me. Alhadi: Is she American? Hamdan: No, she is an Arab. We started the rest aurant work together. It was very hard and we worked long hours between 4:00 AM to 11:00 PM. I was determined to succeed, but later I figured that it was too hard to keep doing it for too long. Alhadi: You mentioned that the restaurant you started with offered It alian food. Why did you choose to work in the Italian food area? Hamdan: The restaurant was offering Italian an d Greek food even before we acquired it. The men who owned the restaurant before me ha d trouble keeping it runn ing. They had it for one year. I got to know them and we negotia ted the deal of transf erring the business to me. We came to an agreement after training me on how to run the restaurant. I finally got it and began to develop my own skills in running the re staurant. I mastered the business and began to add new things until I became very successful in this field. I paid back the loan that I borrowed to start the bus iness. I also bought the building where the restaurant was located. Things went fr om good to superior and we bought another a
seafood restaurant located on an island in the ocean. I did extr emely well with that one as well, and my experience in restau rant work grew to a high level. Alhadi: That means you had only one Italian food restaurant. Hamdan: Yes, I had only one Italian food restaura nt and another sea food restaurant. The sea food restaurant was very big. Because of its location on the island, it worked well only during the ninemonth tourist season. It also required too much hard work for my wife and I who had to do it all. My brother came and joined us for a short period and then he decided to discontinue working with us. We decided to lease one of the two restaurants and to keep the real estate. As the sea food restaurant kept doing well, we invested the revenues that we made in buying new real estate, apartments, and shopping centers. Thanks to God that we did very well. My children were able to get a good education. Alhadi: What did they study? Hamdan: My daughter went to medical school and specialized in audiology. She is now an ear doctor. She studied at Nova University in Fort Lauderdale and then moved to San Diego, then to Minnesota, and then came back to Or lando to be with the family. My middle son has a commercial collection agency. He is doing very well. My younger son has two masterÂ’s degrees. The first one is in political science with a focus on conflict management and peace development. He st udied in Charlotte and then moved to Philadelphia. After that he moved to Paris American University to do a second masterÂ’s in international relations. He is not working in the field of politics because it is hard to get a job in that field. However, he is work ing. All my children are doing fine and things are going well with them. Alhadi: Mr. Hamdan, I noticed that you some times speak in Egyptian Colloquial Arabic.
Hamdan: True. I know that you are from S udan and that Sudanese and Egyptian spoken languages are not too far from each other. I al ways try to adapt to the language of the person I am talking to. Alhadi: How did you get to know the colloquial Egyptian? Hamdan: I went to Egypt two or three times, but I also have Egyptian friends and when I meet with them we converse in Egyptian Arabic. Alhadi: Are the Egyptian Arabic and the co lloquial Arabic spoken in Acre the same? Hamdan: They are widely different I always try to speak to any person in the language he uses. If I meet with a friend from Egypt, Syria, or Lebanon, I speak with them in their colloquial Arabic. However, the colloquial Ar abic that I am more familiar with is the Palestinian accent that is used in the costal Palestinian areas. I feel it is close to the classical Arabic. Alhadi: I am familiar with the Palestinian Arabic because I had the opportunity to live in Jordan. The colloquial Arabic used in the two countries is almost the same. Hamdan: True. Alhadi: When was the last time you visited Acre? Hamdan: I just came back two days ago. I was there for one month and five days. I had the opportunity to visit Jerusalem, Haifa, and Galilee. I belong to a very big family. Alhadi: That means your family and relatives are in the 1948 lands? Hamdan: Yes. I also went to the West Bank to visit my relatives in Jenin. I like to visit with my relatives as much as possible there. Alhadi: You told us earlier that your children are in different fields of work. Is any one of them close to the business field, or maybe thinking of doing business?
Hamdan: As I mentioned previously, my middle son is in the collection business. He has developed very good business skills and he is a very successful businessman. Alhadi: Based on your knowledge of the Arab bu siness community here in Orlando or in Florida in general, are there some Arab business firms that became large and well-known to everyone? Hamdan: You can find different types of Arab bus inesses. Some have grocery stores, others have gift shops, and others own commercial real estate. Some of them may have achieved high levels of success and they are do ing extremely well either in the real estate field or in investments in general. Some of them own shopping cente rs and others have restaurants, lands, or gas stations. Some ar e successful professionals such as doctors. Some of them went into the construction fi eld and own one building or more. I have been here in Orlando for five years and I know many of the Arab immigrants of different nationalities such as Syrians, Lebanese, Jord anians, Egyptians, Palest inians, Tunisians or Moroccans. Most of those I know are very successful. Alhadi: My next question may be a bit personal. You menti oned earlier that you are retired now, and you also mentioned that you now sixty years old. With all the business experience you have, why did you de cide to retire that early? Hamdan: What happened was that we grew tired of restaurant work. We decided to quit and come to Florida. The intention was not to co me here for retirement. We wanted to come here and start buying and selling things that don't need too much physical effort. We began with buying land, and with the ec onomy plunging downward, we lost too much money and that forced us to stop. It is clear that the economic life in the town and in the country in general is getting bad. This is why I didn't go into any other business.
However, I am willing to go back and start business again when the economy recovers. I don't feel that I am ready to finally retire just yet. I look forward to getting back in business. Alhadi: What you are saying is that this is not a final retirement decision. Hamdan: No. I would like to go back and do something. Alhadi: I agree it is still early to make a final retirement decision. Hamdan: True. I still feel I have the drive and energy. Alhadi: You dealt with the Arab community in Texas, North Carolina, and Orlando. What field do you feel that Arabs gene rally to do business in? Hamdan: In America there isÂ—. (interruption) Alhadi: Sorry to interrupt, but I wanted to say that most of the Arabs in America, and particularly those who come from Syria and Lebanon, work in the grocery business. Hamdan: Let me give you a general idea. When I arrived in Texas in the 1970s, I found that everyone loved to do a gas sta tion or grocery store business. Those who came in the 1960s mostly worked in the grocery store busine ss. They worked very hard and sent their children to school to get a good education. With the good level of education their children had, they went into professional fields of business such as medicine and engineering. They never thought of going b ack to the grocery store business. Arab immigration to America never stopped. Wh en the newcomers know of business owners who are very successful in their gas station or grocery store business, they try to do the same. However, the people of my gene ration who came here and didn't think of advancing the level of education we came here with, were stuc kÂ—that is, we had no option other than getting into the gas station, grocery store, or car dealership business.
This was the same case in Texas, North Carolin a, or Florida. Some of them might have owned companies. We merged ourselves wi th our American colleagues, learned from them and worked with them. Alhadi: I am interested to know more about you r first experience with marine work. It sounded like a very exciting experience. Can you tell us more about it? Hamdan: Yes I can. I joined this field after fi nishing high school. I came from a big family and my father didnÂ’t have enough fina ncial resources to support my education. I had to find a job, but I was always determined to keep m oving forward and to do as much as I could do with what I had at hand. I joined the co mpany and started working in the sea shipping business. I had a very good technical background from the vocational high school that I went to. I successfully completed many traini ng sessions and workshops. I also passed a number of tests before being offered a pos ition with the Swedish company. I boarded a ship for my first trip and I did very well on th at trip. I soon began to like that work and worked very hard to keep myself progressi ng in that field. A s hort period later, the company sent me for training in order to become better qualified and to develop my professional and technical skills. They sent me to join The Marine Institute in Acre to take courses there. Acre is located on th e sea. I kept working and I made very good money while I was still young. Although work ing in the sea was good enough and I had many travel opportunities, I always had questions in my mind about the future. I had the opportunity to keep working and get promoted from a third-ranking shipÂ’s officer to eventually become a captain a nd a chief engineer. The thing that I didnÂ’t like it about itÂ—and I saw it happening to other people w ho have been doing this kind of workÂ—is that they remained single for too long becau se of the long-distance trips and the long
periods they spent onboard travelling from one pl ace to another. I figured out that the job I was doing was not good for a person who want s to eventually settle down and have a family. That is the reas on why I quit that job. Alhadi: How long had you been working at sea? Hamdan: I worked there for five years. Alhadi: How much of the world have you seen? Hamdan: I have been all over the world. I visi ted America, Europe, Central America and South America, the Philippines, and China, Japan, and all of Africa. Alhadi: What was the longest sailing peri od you had without any chance to see the land? Hamdan: I once sailed from South Africa to Japan for twenty-five da ys without any stop. Rough sea conditions make sailing too tough. In many cases we had to face hurricanes and typhoons. These are unforgettable experience s. Rough seas make the trip take a lot longer. Alhadi: These sound like very exciting experiences. Hamdan: That is true. I will never forget such experiences. Alhadi: Do you have any other me mories that are still stuck to your mind from your days on the sea? Hamdan: Travelling by sea gives the opportunity to know about new traditions and habits and to get to see and know people who may be w ealthy, poor, or from the middle class. Alhadi: Did you learn new languages during these trips? Hamdan: Yes. I speak four languages, including Hebrew, Arabic, English, and Spanish. I also came to know few words from this or that language.
Alhadi: This is impressive. We are very happy to lis ten to the details of this rich life experience. I really hope you may consider going back into the business field. I believe it is still early to retire. Hamdan: Yes. I also believe it is still early to retire. I hope things will get better. We will wait and see. Alhadi: Do you see any opportunities out there th at might convince you to go back to sea work? Hamdan: I have the experience and certificates th at are necessary for sea work. The age factor may be the reason that stops me from going back. Alhadi: It is not necessary to engage in mechan ical work on the ship. It could be any office work that is sea-related, such as cargo and shipping. Hamdan: It is possible that I could do office sea cargo and shipping work. I have many friends who are doing work like this. The only reserv ation I have towards this proposal is that sea work is not exactly my area of specialty anymore. However, the idea is there and the experience is there and it is not hard to gras p the basic idea and deta ils of this work and get involved in it. However, my nature is that I always love to try doing new things in my life. Alhadi: I want to move on and ask you about the Arab community here in Orlando. How do you see it? Hamdan: Generally speaking, it is not too ba d. We have Syrians, Egyptians, Lebanese, Palestinians, and a small number of Iraqis. They are very good with each other. There are always opportunities for them to get toge ther. We have the AAC which brings all people of Arab descent together There is also a Syrian Cl ub that was established by the Syrian immigrants who arrived here as early as the early 1900s. That was the time when
Syria was known as Â“Greater SyriaÂ” includi ng Lebanon and Palestine. That club is still functioning. The AAC activiti es are open for everybody, a nd we always organize activities that bring the Arab s together. I donÂ’t see a probl em if any group such as the Syrians or Lebanese wanted to be on their own and have their separate church or mosque. There is nothing wrong with that. Alhadi: Mr. Hamdan, this is a very big and rich life experience a nd we are happy that you agreed to share it with us and to have it doc umented on tape. I am sure that our students will enjoy it very much. Thanks for giving us this opportunity. Hamdan: You are welcome. [END OF INTERVIEW]