Cattle feeding situation


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Cattle feeding situation
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United States -- Bureau of Agricultural Economics
United States -- Agricultural Marketing Service
U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Bureau of Agricultural Economics. ( Washington, D.C )
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oclc - 85233313
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0 .November 10, 1953

The cattle feeding situation to the end of October indicates that the volume of
.cattle placed on feed tnis feeding season will be smaller than a year earlier, ac-
cording to the Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Decreases in cattle feeding are ex-
pected to be rather general with only a few States having as many or more cattle on
Sfeed as last year. The movement of feeder cattle into the Corn B>.lt since July 1
Shas been considerably below the volume moved a year earlier. Feed grain and hay
i supplies are generally adequate in tne Corn Belt States except in parts of Kansas,
and Missouri, but pastures are poor in much of the Corn Belt0 Feed supplies are
short in Texas aid other sections of the central and southern Plains StatLs hit by
.drought, However, prospects for wheat pastures improved in that area recently.
Feed supplies are adequate in the western feeding sections.

The decrease in Corn Belt cattle feedir.g is expected to be relatively less in
the eastern Corn Belt than in the western Corn Belt States, Missouri will likely
have a substantial reduction, and K.msas feeding will continue at or below thc
reduced level of last season.

Shipments of stocker and feeder cattle into the 9 Corn Stqtes for which
records are available for the months July through October were about 24 percent
sma -1r '. tan last year. ,-ll of the Corn Belt Sta.tes showed decreasts from last year
during the July-October period. Largest decreases were in lowr., Illinois. Nebraska1
and Wisconsin. Feeder cattle inshipmcrntts from public markets were 'lso well below a
year ago in Missouri and Kansaso

In the West, cattle feeding operations rire expected to be blow a year ,:go,
although feeding activity in Crlifornis, is .xoncttd to continue at the hig-h Level of
a year ago, and a few other States injy cqual last yeap.r. An e-stimated 307?000 cattle
and calves were on feed on Octobc:r 1 in Californin., Pro-lucers nave been sto..'ing
interest in custom feeding tLis senson0 Coorzdaos' cattle feeding during ti.,. late
fall and winter will be smillr rThn r. year earlier witr, con.,idLrab.Le rJuction in
farm feeding. Commercial. f,'eed. yardr. will. rsc lavt. fLUWS crttle o:n feea in tr.,-t
State, Althou-h feel supplies arc a.,undcnt in the feeding sections o: tii- northern
mountain arers, farm feeding is e:.ypc.t-d to be greatly I.ed..Cd &rtd .-r.gcty responsi-
ble for the smaller number to be ft.. in TIdlaho, Oyegon, nnd other. ;Kstrn Et:.tEs0
Numbers to be fed in Tetas are expected to be low dur to tne limit, d feed supplies
caused by the extnded droLight. hove,," as a res-lt of recenL r.ins wheat prsture
prospects imrprored mater ial..y, creating v demnnd for stocker cattle. It mt.y be
that by the first of next ye,-..r tie armoer on feed in Thxas will be as lt.,rgE .s '
year ago, which was ait a very low level,

The 1953 United Stotcs corn crop is expected to be 5 perc.nt l-.rger than the
1942-51 average. The c"op s of generally excellent quality, :n-,aturint without
serious frost damage. H-y production -in 1953 is 1 percent larg- r tnan tte 1952 crop
and is adequate for feed ng opc'rt1tLr.3 in most of the iniportnt feeaing .areas. Feed
supplies are relatively short in .i -area extending from evstcrn Colorado and New
O xino through Kansis and Misrc.4 ,B

The average price -f feeder steers pir hundred pounds nt 8 markets during
October was $7M64 bel.iw last October, and the average price for tne July-October
period this year was $3-59 lower than for the same period 1,st year0 ,lanchbrs

been reluctant to dispose of feeder cattle, at prices that prevailed earlier this
fall. At the same time many cattle feeders have found it more difficult to finance
feeding operations this season following financial losses incurred last season.
Feeder steer prices reached a fall low of $15.59 per hundred pounds at the 8 markets a
for the wetk ending October 8. The price of feeder steers for the week ending
October 29 was $17.41 per hundred pounds, compared with an average of $24,20 for
the same week a year earlier,

Of the'cattle moving into feed lots a higher proportion are of lighter weights,
The record for. 4 feeder markets shows that during the July-October .period the
".number of feeder calves and steers under 700 pounds shipped to country points was
down 26 percent from last year, but made up 59 percent of the stocker and .feeder
cattle and calves going to the country, compared with .57 percent a year ago, "The h
number of heavy feeder steers weighing.over 900 pounds shipped ..from these.B8 markets
during July-October was down 44 percent from a year. ago.

Special surveys made October 1 in the three. leading cattle feeding States in
the Corn Belt-Illinois, Iowa and ijebraska- showed 3 percor t more cattle .on.feed
than on October 1, 1952. However, the number placed om feed during July throughh --
September was estimated to be 6 percent smaller than. a year earlier.. .:

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