Cattle feeding situation


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Cattle feeding situation
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United States -- Bureau of Agricultural Economics
United States -- Agricultural Marketing Service
U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Bureau of Agricultural Economics. ( Washington, D.C )
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aleph - 029026578
oclc - 85233313
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/1 2,C^ri:. Washington, D. C.
~Release -
IToon, October 12, 1932


The shipments-of.sto.elwr a:d feeder cattle into the Corn Belt States
during September were. relatively, sisall, according to the report of the U. S.
Department of Agriculture.. The estimated shipments of such cattle, inspected
through markets, while abirt 4 per cent larger than the small shipments in
September, 1931-,'.were 7 .per cent smaller than the 5 year average September
shipments and third .smallest for the nonth in ten years.

For the three ,-.onths, July to September, inclusive, however, shipr.ients
into thp Cnrn Thit States were about 8 per cent larger than last year and about
5 per cent larger than the 5-year average for the period. The larger total
movement this year was due to the rather marked increase in shipments into the
five States east of the Mississippi River where the number this year was 26
per cent larger than last year and 40 per cent above the 5-year average. The
mLiovement into the six States'west of the Mississioppi was about the same as the
very small movement in 1931 but 10 per cent smaller than the five-year average.

The larger shipments of stocker and feeder cattle through mark-ets for
the three months' period this year than last occurred in spite of greatly
reduced market supplies of cattle. The total receipts of cattle at the 7
leading middle western markets during these 3 months were smallest for the per-
iod in at least 16 years, being 12 per cent smaller than the small receipts
of last year and 16 per cent below the five-year average.

The increased shipments of stockers and feeders this year were due to
the fact that although total market receipts were smaller, niost of the reduc-
tion was in cows and heifers and steer numbers vere not greatly different,
and that a relatively large number of heavy weiFht steers, which in most years
would have gone for slaughter, weret.tajen out for a .%ort feeding period,
Records krom 4 leading markets siow thait' shipments of feeder steers weighing
900 pounds and over during the 3 months, July to September, this year were
- larger, both in actual numbers and as a proportion of total shipments, than
last year and the largest in actual numbers in six years. Compared with last
year the proportion of medium and light weight steers and of cows and heifers
decreased but that of calves increased.

While the shipments of feeder cattle from stociyard markets into
Nebraska and Kansas have been very small this year, reports indicate that there
has been a fairly heavy direct movement of feeder cattle into the principal
cattle feeding sections of these States and that the supply of locally raised
feeder cattle is relatively large.

Cattle that arc fed in the Western States do not usually go into feed
lots until late in the year and little information on cattle feeding is avail-
able early in October. In most western States, feed supplies are much larger
this year than last and some increase in cattle feeding from the relatively
small volume of last year is ex-pected. In the principal cattle feeding sections

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of Colorado, however, feed supplies are very short -.nd the number fed there may
be less than the small nuLber fed last year. The number of cattle now on feed
in feed-lots and on ranches in California is above average for this time of year
and the number fed this season is expected to be fairly large.

Reports from most States were to the effect that difficulties in financing
feeLin; operations were- tending to hold down the purchases of feeding stock.
The a'oove figures, however, do not indicate that, in general, this has been
of great importance. With funds from the Regional Agricultural Corporations,
which have been set up by the Reconstruction Finance Corporation, nor avail-
able in most feeding areas, the matter of financing feeding operations for the
balar.ce of the year nill not be a limiting factor in cattle fLeding. ThNo
available supplies of feeder cattle and the relative prices of such cattle and
of fat cattle-will be controlling factors.


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