.A. C. TRUE, Director......
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRVITCUJK, -
STATES RELATIONS SERVICE.
A. C. TRUE, ]Director.
HOW TEACHERS IN RURAL ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS MAY
USE FARMERS' BULLETIN 779, HOW TO SELECT A
Range of use.--General.
Relation to course of study.-This bulletin should be used in.con-
nection with the study of the care and management of farm animals.
It is highly important that the prospective farmer should know a
*ood sound animal when he sees it. He should form the habit of
Looking for good points and defects in animals.
Topics.-The material in the publication should be grouped into
eight lesson topics: (1) Regions of the horse, page 4, figure 1; (2)
stable vices-general appearance, pages 3-7; (3) learning to tell the
age of a horse, figures 2 to 10 and accompanying legends; (4) fore-
parts-head, mouth, muzzle, face, eyes, ears, poll, neck; (5) fore-
parts-shoulders, chest, forelegs; (6) the barrel or body; (7) the
hind parts-hind quarters, hind legs, hock; and (8) the horse in
action-lameness, walking, trot, easy gaits, canter, testing the wind,
adaptability for specific kinds of work, vices.
Study questions.-Topic 1: The teacher should reproduce on the
blackboard the drawing showing the regions of the horse. Give the
pupils a thorough drill on locating and naming the regions.
Topic 2: -What are the symptoms or indications of wind sucking?
Of stable kicking? Of stall walking? Of weaving? What charac-
teristics indicate that a horse is in good health ? Give directions for
examining a horse. How is the height of a horse determined ? What
is a hand "? What two temperamental extremes are found in horses ?
What are some indications of a desirable temperament ? Summarize
the indications of good quality. What are the most common colors
of horses? Which are most desirable? Which are undesirable?
What are the most useful years of a horse's life?
Topic 3: Have the pupils learn the appearance of a horse's mouth
at different ages. The pupils should be given as much practice as
possible in judging the ages of horses in the community. Horses the
ages of which are definitely known should be used.
Topic 4: What are the characteristics of a good head? Compare
such a description with horses in the community. Examine the
mouths of horses. in the community for defects. What is the muzzle ?
What might scars about the lips indicate ? What do blemishes about
S the face.indicate ? Give directions for testing the eyes. What defects
i'.;.:' ;"0 ; 94701'-17
,: I, ,' ,
S.... ....... UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
S3 1262 08928 7857
2- /// "" '
about the eyes sh'u1'be noted s Give the chractersticf
sirable ear. What defects of the ear should be looked fr.
poll evil? Give the qualities of a desirable neck. Point on.
the community that have desirable and undesirable necks.
Topic 5 Wh't is\ indicated by short shoulders? St
ders? Sloping shoulder.? 1 What is fistula? Sweenied.
What are tLe characteiStids of a good chest Point 'oat : i
the community that have forelegs taking approximately th : -
tions of those shown (n gure 15. In figure 16, name, loa
give symptoms of tbhd casess of the foreleg.
Topic 6; Describe ,a' desirable barrel or body. Point oi.
-community horses conforming to such a description. What bi
may be found on the body ?
Topic 7: What qualities, in the hind quarters are' desire
draft horse? A light horse? Examine figures 27 and 28.
these with the conformations of horses in the community.
locate, and give indications of blemishes and diseases of the hin.
Topic 8: Name the different gaits. How is each executed
horse ? For what is each valuable ? Observe horses in action t
gaits. Give directions for testing the wind. What are the syn
of heaves? Name some of the more common vices of horses.
should be guarded against in purchasing a horse. :
Illustrative material.-The illustrations in this publication should
be utilized in connection with the study of the topics. When praeti:-
cable, examine horses in the community in connection with the stu~py :
of the several topics. a:ia i
Practical exercises.-Studying animals in connection with the iy-:v:
eral topics affords valuable practice.
Correlations.-Have the members of the class reproduce the .ouf "
line showing the regions of the horse. Number and name the region. ,-:
Arithmetic: Make a horse survey of the community. Ascertain th "i
number and value of the draft, roadster, and light animals. Find th.;
total value of all horses in the community.
Geography: To what extent are horses raised in the commuint l
What types and breeds are raised? If there is a surplus, what sent
tions of the country afford markets? If the community does not raise;ii
a sufficient number of horses for its own use. in what States or:sec...
tions are the additional horses purchased? Estimate the amount o-1'.
money that comes in or goes out of the community as the result oa:i ,
selling or buying horses.
,E. A. MILER, -
Specialist in Agricultural Edtcati o .
C. H. LANE,
Chief Specialist in Agricultural Education.
MARcH 31, 1917. 0
-I J; :
: :" i
WASHINGTON : COYNBRNUENT PrINITNlltr.l.09