Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County

Material Information

Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County
Uniform Title:
Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County (Palm Beach County, Fla. : 1975)
Portion of title:
Jewish Floridian
Place of Publication:
Miami, Fla
Fred K. Shochet
Creation Date:
July 1, 1977
Physical Description:
8 v. : ill. ;


Subjects / Keywords:
Jewish newspapers -- Florida ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Palm Beach (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Palm Beach County (Fla.) ( lcsh )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
newspaper ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Palm Beach -- Palm Beach


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 1, no. 1 (Feb. 28, 1975)-v. 8, no. 40 (Dec. 17, 1982).
Numbering Peculiarities:
Issue for Jan. 2, 1976 called v.2, no. 22, but constitutes v.2, no. 1.
Numbering Peculiarities:
Numbering in masthead and publisher's statements conflict: July 28, 1978 called no. 14 in masthead and no. 15 in publisher's statement; Aug. 25, 1978 called no. 16 in masthead and no. 17 in publisher's statement; Aug. 10, 1979 called no. 15 in masthead and no. 16 in publisher's statement; Oct. 22, 1982 called no. 31 in masthead and no. 32 in publisher's statement.
General Note:
"Combining Our voice and Federation reporter."

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
Copyright Fred K. Shochet. Permission granted to University of Florida to digitize and display this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Resource Identifier:
44607504 ( OCLC )
sn 00229550 ( LCCN )

Related Items

Related Item:
Jewish Floridian
Succeeded by:
Jewish Floridian (Palm Beach, Fla. : 1982)


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Full Text
' v*
Wiidliiai m
in conjunction with The Jewish Federation off Palm Beach County
3_ Number 13
Friday. July 1, 1977
Price 35 Cent*
What West Faces
t Belgrade Confab
long recent U.S. studies
jviet international stra-
: is-"Soviet Shadow Over
* published by the
tr for Advanced Inter-
nal Studies at the
trsity of Miami Its
Irs are Walter F. Hahn,
Institute for Foreign
Analysis, Cambridge,
\; and Alvin J. Cottrett of
tetown University's
for Strategic and
Uional Studies. This is
tecond in a three-part
\ary of the Hahn-Cottrell
reproduced in To The
International and sheds
m just what the West is
in its Soviet adversary
I Belgrade conference.
liet- Russian writers contend
I the former metropolitan
"continue to dominate
sources of the emerging
i." In fact, Moscow charges
he exploitation by the West
sot diminished "but in-
in many instances." In
Bting the West for its
exportation of the
fping nations, the Soviet
singles out the multi-
bus, driven by the desire for
(profits, who unleash not
conomic wars, but "real hot
whenever they think their
Ms are in jeopardy.
i Russians currently see the
fie of the emerging nations
"new phase." The critical
in the Soviet Union's
In. is recognition by all
?pin*; states that the
l>g scarcity of oil and raw
jials gives them leverage
Ihe West, while the Soviet
and the "socialist corn-
provides an "economic
alternative while
power imposes con-
ts on the West's freedom of
THIS BELIEF in the inevita-
bility of conflict between the
industrial consumer nations of
the West and the raw material
producing countries of the Third
World is a logical feature of
Marxist thought.
...In. Mo8COW'8 preception, the
"basic contradictions in the old
system of economic relations
between imperialism and the
developing countries were clearly
manifested in unprecedented
foreign trade and monetary-
financial conflicts countries."
Clearly, the Soviet Union is
doing all it can to intensify this
conflict. The Russians remind
their audiences that trade in raw
materials, particularly fuel in
recent years is the epicenter of
the crisis shocks and the weakest
link in the system of capitalist
international economic relations.
MOSCOW encourages the
developing nations to pursue the
"non-capitalist road" and lessen
their dependence on the in-
dustrial West by nationalization
of their resources and redirection
of their economic alignment
patterns. The Soviet Union
assures the Africans of its
support in creating a "new world
economic order" which "provides
for a radical restructuring of
world economic ties, eliminating
unequal exchanges, insuring
equitable participation of the
developing states in resolving
monetary-financial problems,
establishing control over the
'activity of multinational cor-
porations, a fair redistribution of
material, financial and technical
resources," says Tass, the official
Soviet news agency.
They have singled out Africa
as a particularly promising
spearhead against Western
economic interests.
According to the official
government newspaper, hvestia,
"the situation which has
developed in Africa has called
into question the continued
existence of the Continent as a
storehouse of cheap raw
materials for the imperialist
Notsfeook, 1977
few Begin Government
Takes Over Officially
JERUSALEM (JTA) Prime Minister Menachem
introduced his government to the Knesset Monday with
-ch that was generally conciliatory in tone. He urged the
r-1 States to strengthen its ties with Israel, called for
red friendship with France and invited the Soviet Union to
te moves to reestablish diplomatic ties with Israel.
IE ALSO called on King Hussein of Jordan, President
; Assad of Syria and President Anwar Sadat of Egypt to
with him for honest and serious discussions of peace
Continued on Page 11
monopolies." Although the U.S.
is still trying to "keep Africa a
raw material reserve and market
outlet for the monopolies and...
extend political domination to
the Continent using neo-
colonialist methods.. .it is not so
easy for the imperialists to
Continued on Page 10
Weizman Says Likud Will
Annex Bank 'Immediately'
BONN-(JTA)-Gen. Ezer Weizman of Likud, slated to
be Israel's next Defense Minister, said that Israel will annex
the West Bank and introduce Israeli law there "immediately"
according to an interview published in the weekly magazine
He said that while there would be no Israeli pull-out from
any part of the West Bank, the situation in Sinai and on the
Golan Heights was "different."
"THERE ONE can talk about border corrections, though
obviously only small changes to the present borders and not to
those prior to 1967," the former Israeli Air Force commander
was quoted as saying. Asked if this meant full annexation of
the West Bank and the application of Israeli law, Weizman
replied: "Yes, immediately. I think it would be only fair to
extend Israeli law to this territory."
Camp Shalom Opens New Season
Camp Shalom began its fifteenth season
on June 20, with the arrival of over 300
boys and girls from the Palm Beach
County area. Andrea Jacobson, a senior
counselor, is shown welcoming the first
group of youngsters as they step off the
June 20 marked the opening day for Camp
Shalom's summer program as over 300 boys
and girls from Jupiter to Boca Raton stepped
off buses at the camp's 18-acre site, located
west of the Florida State turnpike on
Belevedere Road.
"We look forward to a very successful
camping season," stated Robert Kessler,
camp director. "We have an excellent staff of
specialists, supervisors and counselors who
are anxious to develop the best possible
program for our boys and girls."
"This summer we are developing our
program around a central theme," said Ronni
Tartakow, Program director for the camp.
"We have chosen 'It's a Small World,' with
each unit representing a different country.
This way our program will be educational as
well as recreational. We are planning some
very different and exciting things this year
including an International Carnival and a
'camp-wide, world-wide sports com-
petition.' "Also being planned is a balloon
launch and the production of two major
musical plays.
Camp Shalom has been in operation for 15
years, serving children from all areas of the
Palm Beach County Community. The day
camp is a program of the Jewish Federation
of Palm Beach County.
Boys and girls assemble for the first
day's activities at Camp Shalom. The
summer day camp opened June 20,
beginning its fifteenth successful season.

Page 2
The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County
Friday, juiy Jl977
With the
The Delray Chapter of
Women's American ORT
(Organization for Rehabilitation
through Training) is sponsoring a
theater party at Florida Atlantic
University in Boca Raton on
Saturday, July 16 at 8:30 p.m.
"Purlee Victorious," a spoof,
will be performed by the Summer
Repertory group. Terry Shear
and Nettie Meyerson are charged
with reservations arrangements.
At the last meeting of the
season of B'nai B'rith Lodge
2909, a Certificate of Retention
Award was presented to Norman
Axe, Lodge treasurer, and Boone
Darden, commissioner of Police
in Riviera Beach, was the guest
The next meeting is scheduled
for the Fall.
President Moe Moresque of
Haifa Lodge 2969 of B'nai B'rith
announced that the board of
directors will meet every second
Tuesday of the month. Repre-
sentatives of the Greater
Broward 1'alm Beach Council
will attend the meetings and
member contact will be made.
Information on Seville Week is
available from Lou Reiser of the
Village Royale on the Green
The Golda Meir Club of
Pioneer Women will hold a
membership tea on Tuesday,
July 19 at the home of Selma
Rind at 1 p.m.
Regional Coordinator, Grace
Herskowitz, will speak.
Rabbi Dr. Morris Silberman
was elected spiritual leader of
Temple Emeth of the Delray
Hebrew Congregation for the
coming year.
Rabbi Silberman attended the
Jewish Theological Seminary,
Long Island University, Dropsie
College, Auburn University,
Fairleigh Dickinson University
and received his Ph.D. from
Thomas Edison College in West
Palm Beach.
ORDAINED in 1952 at the
Yeshiva University, Rabbi
Silberman has served the pulpits
of Temple Beth Israel in
May wood, N.J., Congregation
Shearith Israel in Columbus,
(ia and Congregation Shaare
Torah in Brooklyn, NY.
Rabbi Silberman is affiliated
with the American Psychological
The members of Bat Gurion group of
Hadassah who received special awards at the
annual installation luncheon are (from left)
Joan Dober, a new life member; Erica Wald,
immediate past president, holding the
Region first runner-up award; Sheila
Engelstein Myrtle Wreath Service
Award; Ann Sales installing officer-
Barbara Wunsh, newly elected president
with a Myrtle Wreath Service Award and
Sheila Lewis Myrtle Wreath Service
Selig to Address Confab
Dr. Sidney Selig, director of
the Jewish Community Day
School of Palm Beach, will ad-
dress the National Conference of
Jewish Communal Service in
Washington, D.C.
The Conference, now in its
seventy-ninth year, consists of
professionals in the fields of
Jewish education, case work.
Federation directors, family and
child workers, social workers,
center directors and community
relations workers.
Dr. Selig will present a paper
on "The Jewish Professional
His Rights and His Respon-
sibilities." Another paper on this
theme will be presented by Dr.
Samuel Shaffler. bureau director
of the Chicago Board of Jewish
Dr. Selig is president of the
Jewish Kducators Council of
South East Florida and holds
membership in professional, psy-
chological and educational
organizations on local, regional
?nd national levels.
Association, Educators
Assembly, Principals
Association, the National
Council for Jewish Education, is
a director of special projects of
United Synagogues and has
served on the board of the
National Jewish Welfare Board-
Armed Services.
Seating for High Holy Day
services is now in progress. Leo
Gralnick, Ben Kessler, Carl
Miller or Ed Rosenthal can pro-
vide information.
Installation of officers for
1977-1978 of the B'nai B'rith
Women Mitzvah Council 518 was
held June 5 at the Holiday Inn,
West Palm Beach. Zelda Wolff,
of Hollywood, membership
chairman of B'nai B'rith Women
South Coastal Region, was the
installing officer.
The Mitzvah Council is the
umbrella organization of the six
chapters of B'nai B'rith Women
in Palm Beach County.
The elected officers are:
President, Freda Bompey of
Boynton Beach; Administrative
Vice President, Gertrude
Lefkowitz of Delray Reach:
Membership Vice President.
Rose Rosen of Delray Beach:
Fund-Raising Vice President,
All copy from organizations
and individuals must be
submitted to the Federation
Office no later than 12 days
(Monday) prior to publication
(every other Friday).
Articles of current events
and activities should be 150
words or leas, typewritten,
double-spaced with pictures
clearly and properly identified,
together with the name of the
person submitting the story,
address, phone number and
name of organization.
Photos should be 5 "x 7",
black-and-white glossy, and of
good quality. Charges will be
made for photo engravings.
The paper reserves the right
to edit.
Mail material to:
PALM BEACH 832-0211
1201 NE 45th ST
p 1
Call mo for your Fffff copy of
Boyor't GwoV' For Homes Or Comiomimwmt
Offko Ph; 40-9753 RttNmci Pho; 422-4000
IBtSW Oh* Hay
HnmHmU. F0
U*t1. F D
Raye Feinstein of West Palm
Beach; Treasurer, Sophie
Dickson of West Palm Beach;
Financial Secretary, Helene
McCauley of Palm Beach Gar-
dens; Recording Secretary, Helen
Sickerman of West Palm Beach;
and Corresponding Secretary,
Evelyn Jay Fisher of West Palm
The members and officers of
the council and the chapters
participated in a full day work-
shop given by Zelda Wolff and
Ruth Goldberg, regional director
of B'nai B'rith Women South
Coastal Region.
Recently elected officers of the
Leon Atlas Chapter Knights of
Pythias are: Sally Feinberg,
president; Fay Solow, Daniei
Hecker, Pearl Malmet and
Leonard Antelis, vice presidents;
Ann David, financial secretary-
Pauline Hecker, recording sec-
retary; Ira David, corresponding
secretary; and Jennie Coppola,
Reservations are now being
token for Thanksgiving Weekend
at the Deauville Hotel on Miami
Beach. Anne and Len Antelis can
provide more information.
The next meeting of the group
will be held on Tuesday, Sept. 6
at the Holiday Inn. Century
Village, at 1 p.m.
When we put our name
a Riverside chapel.
Announcing a new Riverside chapel
in West Palm Beach.
Unlike many other Jewish funeral directors in
Florida, Riverside is not represented by any other
Our new West Palm Beach chapel is another
example of how this policy helps us to provide
service dedicated only to the needs and wishes of
each family and the requirements of Jewish Law
and Custom.
From the original concept to the completed
building,our new chapel is wholly in keeping with
Jewish tradition. It is spacious and comfortable.
It contains a Ritualarium (Mikva) and other required
facilities for the observance of the Jewish Ritual
of Washing(Tahara).
And, reflecting another Riverside policy, it is
manned by one of the largest staffs of Jewish per-
sonnel available in Florida. They are people who
understand Jewish tradition,and honor it. And in
that tradition, we serve every family, regardless of
financial circumstance.
4714 Okeechobee Boulevard, West Palm Beach
Other Riverside chapels in the Greater Miami area:
Sunrise, Hollywood,North Miami Beach,
Miami Beach and Miami. Five chapels serving
the New York City Metropolitan area.
For pnorottona symbol ot JHi tradition.

The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County
Page 3
Seymour Bellak and Cissie Tishman
iBellak Hands Gavel To
Temple's New Prexy
At the annual congregational
Inetting of Temple Israel held
latently, the following new of-
lictrs and trustees were elected:
President. Cissie Tishman;
a Presidents, Kurt Leighton,
ichael Small. Selma Uhlfelder;
usurer, Merton B. Levinaon;
tetary, Burton Sharff;
atees, Henry Blum, Gerald
dberg, Jerome Greenberg,
Thomas Davidoff. Myron
to, William Schuldenfrei,
lene Gross, Dr. Jeffrey B.
.jvus, Gerald Friedman, Jerry
pochman, James Hughes,
orris Kraft and Victor Smith.
Trustees remaining in office
Barbara Ackerman, Henri
uton, Janice Denner, Dr.
Richard Shugarman and Frank
The newly elected Presidents
of the Sisterhood and the Men's
Club are Fran Zeitz and Michael
Wiseman, along with the past
presidents of Temple Israel, also
serve as ex-officio members of the
Temple Board.
The meeting also approved a
revised set of by-laws.
The outgoing President
Seymour Bellak expressed his
thanks to the board and the
congregation for their help
during his two-year tenure of
office, and in turn, Bellak was
given a standing vote of ap-
preciation for his leadership of
the Temple.

^\TY flfc.
7875 Belvedere Rd., Wnl Polm Beach. Flo. 334) 1
5 Day Program
ua new mmm*i-me*i
Preschool 34-year-olds
Child mutt bt 3 by Dec. 31,1977
Tuition: $66.00 par month
Registration Fat: $40.00
Members of the Jewish organizations
throughout Palm Beach County met recently
to help organize the Community Calendar.
Marci Scherer, Calendar chairperson (right)
and Ronni Tartakow, director of Public
Relations for the Jewish Federation, assisted
the groups in planning for the '77-'78 season
by resolving existing conflicts on the
calendar. Organizations that have not as yet
submitted dates for the coming year are
requested to do so by contacting the Jewish
Federation office.
hassan Invites Israeli Joimnalist
King Hassan of Morocco,
possibly the only genuinely
moderate Arab leader, envisions
an alliance between the Arab
world and the Jewish world,
including Israel, that within 10
years after a peace settlement,
could constitute "a world power
of the first order." Such is the
view of Nathan Andre Choura-
qui, a 59-year-old Algerian-born
Jewish writer and jurist who
holds French and Israeli citizen-
ship and lives in Israel.
Chouraqui disclosed details of
his talks with King Hassan
during a 10-day visit to Morocco
last March in an interview pub-
lished yesterday in the Jerusalem
Post. He said "The King saw
such an alliance as a balancing
factor on the world scene that
could lead to peace and
HE SAID Hassan regarded
world Jewry as an integral part of
a Semitic bloc based on the
Arabs' population and oil
resources and Jewish techno-
logical, military and financial
Chouraqui said he had
refrained from reporting his talks
with the Arab monarch until now
because he preferred that Hassan
make his views public first. This
the King has done at a press
conference with French news
media, Chouraqui said.
And in the meantime, Has-
santhe. the pro-royalist indepen-
dent party in Morocco, won a
landslide victory in the Moroccan
parliamentary elections last
Friday giving Hassan wider
public support than ever before.
CHOURAQUI said his contact
with Hassan came about as a
result of the King's interest in a
book he had written. "Letter to
an Arab Friend," in which
Chouraqui proposed a Jordanian-
Palestinian-Israeli confederation
with open borders and the
creation of a Middle East Com-
mon Market.
Chouraqui said he was invited
to visit Morocco as the King's
guest, and although he entered
the country on his French pass-
port, the King knew he was an
Israeli resident of Jerusalem.
He said he met with Hassan for
90 minutes on Mar. 8. The King
inquired about Yitzhak Rabin
and Shimon Peres and wanted to
know which of the two was a
"hawk." He also showed interest
in the 500,000 Jews of Moroccan
origin in Israel and expressed
hope for the normalization of
relations between Jews and
Arabs and fear of another
Mideast war, Chouraqui
HE SAID the monarch told
him that, contrary to recent
reports, Morocco was not urging
Moroccan Jews to leave Israel
and return to the land of their
birth. On the other hand, Hassan
said Morocco would welcome
visits by Moroccan Jews and
other Israelis.
According to Chouraqui,
his meeting with Hassan was
significant. "It is very important
that a King as strong as the King
of Morocco extends his hand in
peace to us," he told the Post.
Pre-School to Offer
Afternoon Program
The Federation's Community
Pre-School at Camp Shalom is
planning to reinstitute its after-
noon program. This program, a
response to parent interest, will
be an optional extension of the
well-established 9 a.m. to 12 p.m.
five-day a week program.
The three-hour afternoon pro-
gram will be taught by school
director, Phyllis Morgan, and
teacher, Herta Pederson. The
sessions will offer music, gymna-
tots, dance, crafts and nail and
A swimming program in the
fall and spring months will be
offered between 3 and 4 p.m. The
swim program will be conducted
by a water safety instructor.
Fees for the established five-
day a week morning program
are S636 per year. Fees for the
addition*1 3-hour afternoon
program are $350 per year. For
parents interested in a full-day
program (9 a. m. to 3 p. m.) for the
entire school year, fees are $800.
Fees for the swim program have
not been established.
An enrollment of ten is
required to begin the afternoon
program. Interested parents
should call the Federation office
for registration information.
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The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County
Pr*dy. Julyi.u
Gay Rights/Afterthought
The Jewish Floridian has waited to let the dust settle
in the struggle over the Gay rights ordinance before
making any comment. This is not to suggest that the
picture is already sufficiently clear repeal of the Dade
County ordinance extending guarantees of non-
discrimination to homosexuals occurred only a few weeks
Further to complicate matters, it appears that the
struggle is now going national.
Nevertheless, some of the issues involved have
already fallen into sufficient perspective, so far as we are
concerned, and what they suggest is that the original anti-
discrimination ordinance written by Sen. Harry Cain when
he was a member of the Dade County Commission in 196P
should never have been revised by the present commissioi
in the first place.
From a total community point of view, it is our beliei
that homosexual affectional and sexual preferences are not
the moral issue or the human rights issue for legislators
either to guarantee or to deny.
From the religious point of view, we regret the at-
tempt on the part of those who saw the Gay rights
struggle as a human rights struggle and who, in their zeal
to prevail, made it a Jewish struggle, as well.
As we see it, the parallels they drew to the Holocaust
and to anti-Semitism generally in order to arouse the
sympathies of Jewish voters were and still are spurious
and with little intellectual or historic foundation.
In this regard, we take exception to the positions of
our own columnists who have supported retention of the
revised anti-discrimination ordinance on the basis of these
opportunistic appeals to emotion.
We also regret the fact that rabbis in the South
Florida community took sides in the struggle, which has
resulted in divisive communal feelings. Ditto for the
Jewish organizations and agencies that involved them-
selves in the struggle, adding their support to the con-
fused notion that the repeal referendum was a Jewish
An Important Distinction
We propose no set of feelings one way or another so
far as homosexuality itself is concerned. Nor do we pose as
judges of others. In fact, it will be recalled that The Jewish
Floridian was, to our knowledge, the first publication in
the South Florida community, as early as last year,
specifically to open its news and opinion columns to
Jewish Gays and their pleas for support for the establish-
ment of a Gay synagogue here.
For weeks, our Letters to the Editor forum was filled
with dozens of reader responses, pro and con. Our studied
opinion of that experience substantiates our conclusions
here. The Jewish Gay plea for support for a Gay
synagogue was one of the opening salvos in the sub-
sequent Gay rights ordinance victory.
Now that the ordinance has been repealed, it is clear
that the struggle will be resumed locally and nationally.
As individual Americans, it is anyone's privilege to
become involved in political and/or ideological
movements, the Gay rights movement included.
But it is our position that there is no justification for
organized Jewish community involvement in this
movement. Furthermore, should the Gay synagogue issue
be raised again, it will be our position that there is no
justification for the establishment of such a synagogue.
Syrian Jewry's Plight
We agree with the Committee for Rescue of Syrian
In view of the Carter administration's outspoken
policy on human rights around the world, we wonder why
it has failed to speak out on the plight of Syrian Jewry.
Syria is the only country in the world which main-
tains a total ban on Jewish emigration while non-Jewish
Syrians are readily able to emigrate.
The 4,500 Jews in Syria have suffered long enough
under Syria's flagrant disregard of the University
Declaration of Human Rights.
Saudis' Time Magazine Budget
Jewish Floridian
In conjunction vttk Jewish Federation at Fata Beach County. Inc.
Combined Jewish Appeal
Mis Okaochoaee Boulevard. WM Palm Batch. Florid* SMOt
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MIAMI ADORERS: P.O. box an, Miami. Florida M101 ____
Editor and Publisher Executive Editor Assistant to Publisher
MORTON GILBERT- Advarttotofl Representative
TM Jewtot Ptoril Daot Nat Raaraetoa Tha Kaahratb
All P.O. MRt roturna ara to ba forwarded to
The Jewlah Elorlduui. P.O Box 01-MTI. Miami. Fla. Ml01
Published Biweekly Second CUi PoeUae Paid at Miami. ria MMXO
SUBSCRIPTION RATES: (Local Area) One or by membership to
Jewish Federation af Palm beech Ceanty, Mil Oa.eecheOoe Beuleverd, west Psirr
each. Fla. 3Mt. Phane UllfM (Out af TOWN upon Reouett)
FEDERATION OFFICERS: President, Stanley Brenner; Vice President*. Nobb
Hymen Pishman, Dr. Ma ward Kay, Kennath Scherer, Or. Richard Shuaarmen. Or
Stanley Stark; Treasurer. Stacay Lesser; Secretary, truce Daniels; Eiecuti*
Director, Norman Sch.melman. Assistant Executive Director, Robert Kessler
Subm.t material tor pvaticaf ton to ten*. Tarteaew. Director of Public Relations
Friday. July 1, 1977 16TAMUZ6737
Volumes Number 13
ALONG WITH every other
American, I notice with tome
considerable envy that Saudi
Arabia hat just announced a f 10
billion budget surplus at of June
Radio Riyadh report* that 68
percent of a projected 141.4
billion upcoming expenditure of
funds will go for social and
economic development.
The largest single allocation
will be *9 billion set aside for
defense, presumably against
those nasty Israelis. Another $6
billion is being allocated for con-
struction of roads, railways and
THESE ARE generalized
figures based on revenues of
$41.4 billion as opposed to ex-
penditures of S31.5 billion.
It is refreshing to read about a
country that earns more than it
spends. As an American, and I
have already admitted it, the
Saudi budget causes some con-
siderable envy in me enough,
in fact, that I am inspired to take
a closer look at the figures to see
if the whole story is really being
Of the $31.5 billion outlay.
Radio Riyadh only accounts for
The Citizen
16 billion. What do*.,
country intend to snanT
ddition^$16.6 billion o^
AT LEAST one case n,,,:
ft. June 6 editSryr'
Magazine, Pages 44-52, that tL
None of these pages is numt B
except by extrapolation. ,
different from Time's
format. Each of the unnumb
pages is accompanied by a *
an intimidating set of cross*,
Arab swords with an unlikeH
palm tree growing out of the
juncture and the statement '\
report by the Kingdom of Sau
saudi Arabia s increasingly clo
relationship with westerd
We are no longer meant
think of Saudi Arabia as
anomalous medieval deser
bastion blessed by the gods wii
a limitless supply of oil that i
has the west, so to speak, oven
barrel and drinking to the tune <
its creaking spigot.
NO, Saudi Arabia is als.
becoming contemporaneous
civilized, industrialized, skillhi
in the ways of a wise wester
world and, above all, educated.
"Saudi Arabia's present un
versities are also being ei
panded," says the report, "anl
three new ones will b\
established. The University
Riyadh's enlarged new camp
will have ten million square fei
of teaching space more than i
I suppose it's that old env
again, and this time it urges i
to remark: "Uram, at le
Continued on Page 9
Yes, it Was a Jewish Vote Issue
So you didn't think that
referendum on June 7 was a
Jewish concern? Well, it was if
nothing else, it was that statis-
The statistics also show very
plainly that it was not the
concern of the Orthodox rab-
binate as advertised. Or that of
Rabbi Irving Lehrman who came
down on the side of the Save Our
Children campaigners at a press
NOT THAT many Jews dis-
agreed with Rabbi Lehrman's
statement that "Jewish tradition
is constant in its rejection of
homosexuality as a legitimate
alternative lifestyle." It was that
more agreed by their 60
percent vote against repeal of
what was popularly labeled "the
gay rights ordinance" with the
liberal majority of Reform rabbis
and community Jewish leaders
like Marshall Harris that the
issue was more importantly one
of human and civil rights.
Be it ever so eroded by circum-
stances in recent years, the
tradition of civil rights and civil
liberties advocacy by American
Jews remains constant and no
other distinguishable ethnic
group in our society can make
that claim.
IT happened again on June 7 in
Dade County, USA. Almost 70
percent of the vote waa cast to
repeal the controversial ordi-
Only 61 of Dade's precincts
showed a majority the other way,
and 61 of them were among the
74 I select as "Jewish" precincts
in the analyses of voting patterns
I have presented here on
numerous pott-election oc-
A closer study of Miami Beach
indicates that some of the
precincts we still label "Jewish"
may have been changed because
of the Cuban influx on that island
in recent years, but that will only
bolster the fact that Jews still
vote consistently on the side of
liberalness with comparatively
few exceptions.
AND EVEN in those precincts
in the South Beach area where
the Lubavitch-Lehrman-Bryant
influence seems to have taken
hold, the majorities for repeal
were extremely slim.
The Lubavitch-Orthodox
influence against what has been
the traditional American Jewish
position on issues of First
Amendment concerns is not only
on the question of homo-
In 1972 all but one Jewish
precinct voted against a proposal
to introduce an amendment to
the Constitution permitting
prayer in the public schools and
that was the one of greatest
Lubavitch concentration on
South Beach.
AS JU ANITA Greene wrote in
her post-election analysis in The
Miami Herald, the patterns in
this latest referendum generally
followed those of the 1972 vote on
the constitutional amendment to
allow prayer in the public
While other factors
determine the voting this time
the hysteria and fear engende
by scare ads and active int
vention of the conservative rell
gious bodies among them
nevertheless points up the failu
of Jewish secular leadership in i
area where that leadership on
was dominant.
There is a new generation tt
has arisen which appears not
know of the American JewisJ
striving for survival and fii
class-citizen status through
struggle for civil rights.
IT IS A generation wh
needs as much education
American Jewish history as
does in the proper way to wii
tfillin. It needs to be reminded, i
we need the constant reminder!
the Passover story, that the rablj
who stands up for prayer in'
public school and for second a
citizenship for any minontj
stands against the traditions i
the American Jewish community
The work of the Communi?
Relations Council on ^half
Soviet Jewry is important. Tn
is no excuse for continuing
neglect its role of educating '
Jewish community tsptof
those newly let loose from
ghettos of the mind -on
traditional self-serving role
defending civil rights
ubertiesLi America. The June|
vote was a Jewish vote, ana
would be wise to heed its mes
that there is a percspM
diminution of that vote.
(A personal note Wh
this column appears, I **P
to be in Milan, Italy, and w
be unable to keep you adw
on the state of the nafwfc_
alone our community, "
the first week in August, w
I return. It is a vacation*
believe we mutually dtstn**

The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County
-------------...,,iu.u'io;raim aeacn Lounty
Israel, DIG Flap Reported Settled by Huge Vote
ByJONFEDLER DIG officials which were deemed milling the body to a firmly pro- quiet, behind-the-sce
Page 5
BONN- ending dispute betweer.Israela
.mbassy here and the German-
kraeli Association (Deutsche-Is-
07er statements and actions by
DIG officials which were deemed
hostile to Israel, has been settled.
At its annual meeting in Bonn
earlier this month, by an over-
whelming majority of 212-40,
DIG'a members endorsed a
statement of principles com-
mitting the body to a firmly pro-
Israel course.
THE settlement of the row is
regarded as a personal triumph
for Ambassador Yohanan Meroz,
who at the time of his arrival in
November 1974 conducted a
quiet, behind-the-scenes cam-
paign to oust left-wingers ap-
parently intent on making DIG a
"pro-Arab" or "anti-Israel"
instrument. Meroz also played a
key part in drafting the state-
ment of principles.
Two key clauses in the "guide-
lines" are a requirement that
DIG parties visiting Israel
should seek out "representative"
organizations for political talks,
and a statement that "official
Israeli policies are not to be the
subject of critical public state-
ments" by the DIG or its various
Continued on Page 8
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Page 6
The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County
Friday, July i_ i97?
The Camp Shalom staff received an intensive course in Water Safety and
swimming techniques. They are shown above participating in life-saving tech-
niques which were taught by the Water Safety Instructors on the Camp Shalom
During the week of June 14 the staff members of Camp Shalom's summer day
camp participated in a four-day intensive orientation program. The group was
involved in workshops ranging from a course in Transactional Analysis, which
involved understanding of themselves in relation to their dealings with
children, drama, music, arts and crafts, Judaic program, athletics and
Judge Jerome Hornblass (second from left), member of the UJA Young
Leadership Cabinet, acted as "scholar in residence" for the recent Leadership
Development Retreat held at the Sheraton Inn on Singer Island. Pictured with
him are (left to right) Kenneth Scherer, cochairman of the Leadership Develop-
ment Program, Anne Hornblass, Robert Kessler, staff advisor for Leadership
development, and Dr. Howard Kay, cochairman of the group.
Members of a combined Leadership Development Group from the Jewish
Federation of Palm Beach County, met recently for a weekend retreat at the
Sheraton Inn on Singer Island. Under the leadership of Judge Jerome Horn-
blass, member of the UJA Young Leadership Cabinet, the group discussed all
aspects of Judaism from its "roots" to the present time. Above the group
participates in a Shabbat service led by students of the Jewish Community Day
School of Palm Beach County.
REG. 674.85 vOt^
The first microwave oven with a memory! It greatly cuts down the
time you spend in the kitchen without sacrificing flavor. Amana
"remembers" how long to defrost, cook, when to shut off and calls
you to dinner with a "beep". 675 watts of power to cook most
everything in % the usual time. Stainless steel interior with
convenient pull-door. RECEIVE an oven cart, cook kit and country
cooker with purchase. # RR9
New Era Electronics, at all jm stores except lauderhill and pompano
Thia product hat a Manufacturer's Warranty. For a free copy of the warranty write,
Jordan Marah. P.O.Box 614. Miami. Florida. 33137.
A uni ol Awd StOfM

The Jewish Fbridian of Palm Beach County
Page 7
[eet Camp Shalom Staff
Unit Head
fll Hoffman graduated
Hofstra University in
ork with a Bachelors
, in English and edu-
" She has had 13 years
-jence working with
S. Judi has worked at
Jp Ramah in New York
was a counselor and
rvisor at the YM-
uA Day Camp in
mingdale. L.I. She was
instrumental in estab-
yng a dav camping pro-
w with her husband
nt at ConKr.'nation Beth
n in I-ong Beach.
1970-72 she taught
il in New York. Judi has
Beth Rachel, age
Unit Head
Anne Sloop attended
Queens College in New York
where 9he received a
bachelors degree in Edu-
cation. She taught school for
five years in New York and
Pennsylvania. In the past
she has worked as a staff
member of Treasure Island
Day Camp in Oceanside,
N.Y. and the Copake
Country Club in the Berk-
shires. Anne recently moved
to Palm Beach Gardens with
her husband Ronald, a
dentist, and her two
daughters Jessica. 6. and
Emily. 3
Unit Head
|Can>l Shubs is u senior at
em Connecticut State
ge. majoring in Ele-
ary Education. Carol
i a past president of
B'nai B'rith Youth
nizatinn and demon-
her expertise in
with children last
ner as a staff member at
np Shalom. She is a
nber of the Crescent
i Theater uroup at her
ge and lives with her
Ms. Mr. and Mrs.
ge Shubs, in West Palm
when she is not in
Unit Head
Cathy Dreyfoos
presently attending the Uni-
versity of South Florida in
Tampa where she is a senior
majoring in Special Edu-
cation. Cathy has been with
the Camp Shalom staff for
the past three years and has
also worked with Camp
Sunshine, a camp for the
mentally handkrapped. She
has worked with Head Start
and the Lions Industries for
the Blind. Cathy lives in
Palm Beach with her mother.
Joan Dreyfoos, and her
brother Robert.
is =
!. Resident Underwrites
fellowships for Brandeis
annual fellowships for
K students in the life
js. whose work is in areas
I lo cancer research, have
mderwritten at Brandeis
y by Mr. and Mrs.
jii Dreuin f New York
' Palm Beach.
I C. and Minna L.
'graduate Fellowships in
fences, which are being
' 'n honor of Dr.
H King, Dretzins
Personal physician,
BuUy provide up to
01 tuition and fellowship
"'each of five students.
Jj* students in biology,
7. biophysics or
'gy. although
or physics graduate
' "y also be eligible if
" related to the life
** Fellowships will
a from the Dretzin
wist previously eatab-
. ndeis to finance edu-
Wevision programa.
L7* re The Dretzin
iwSd'ir*88.0' u?le-
llutn^ m conjunction
: retired automotive
nd prominent
*. has been long-
time supporter of Brandeis and
serves on its Board of Fellows.
HE IS A past president of the
Jewish Community Services of
Long Island, past chairman of
the Automotive Divisions for the
Federation of Jewish Philan-
thropies of New York and the
United Jewish Appeal, and a Life
Fellow of the Metropolitan
Museum of Art in New York.
Dr. King, who practices in
New York City, teaches medicine
at Columbia University and Mt.
Sinai School of Medicine, and is
the author of more than thirty
Eublications. Three scholarships
ive been previously established
in his honor: The Frederick H.
King Merit Scholarship at Mt.
Sinai School of Medicine, The
Frederick H. King Scholarship
and Financial Aid Fund at Mt.
Sinai, and a scholarship at the
College of Physicians and Sur-
geons, Columbia University (Dr.
King's alma mater).
2S7 Poincians Way
Bart & Glasses Loaned FREE
The Forum committee, under the leadership
of Dr. Sherwin Isaacson (fourth from left),
met to evaluate the past programs and begin
planning for the 1978 annual Forum lecture
series. They are (left to right) Dr. Peter
Cummings Named To
Seminary Board
Wunsh, Thelma Newman, Dr. David
Newman, Ronni Tartakow, staff advisor;
Elsie Leviton, Dr. Paul Klein and Dr. Dennis
Tartakow. The Forum is sponsored by the
Jewish Federation of Palm Beach County.
Alan Cummings of Palm
Beach, owner of a chain of radio
stations, has been elected to the
Board of Overseers of the Jewish
Theological Seminary of
Cummings, formerly of
Chicago, is national director of
Michael Reese Hospital in
Chicago and Palm Beach chair-
man of the American Technion
Society. A former trustee of the
Anshe Emet Synagogue in
Chicago, he is also past
president, trustee and treasurer
of Temple Emanu-El in Palm
Beach and has served as director
of the Jewish Federation of
Chicago and Trade Division
chairman of the combined United
Jewish Appeal effort in Chicago.
The Board of Overseers, a
national body of prominent lay
leaders, is expected to install
Cummings during its first
meeting of the coming academic
year. The Seminary is located in
New York City.
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Page 8
The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County
F"day. July i
Jewish Community Center Present*
Celebrate the Victory at
Entebbe with the children and
staff of the JCC program for the
Creative & Performing Arts. This
victory celebration will take place
on Tuesday, July 5 from 7:30 to
9:30 p.m. at Senter Hall, Temple
Beth-El on Flagler Drive.
Twelve Israeli Scouts who will
be visiting for the weekend in
Palm Beach County under the
auspices of an exchange program
arranged by the Jewish Com
munity Center will feature songs,
dances, drama and entertainment
by the children and the Israeli
visitors. People of all ages are
welcome. The UJA will benefit
from each donation of tl ad-
Single Adult Programs will get
a big boost on Monday, July 11,
when the JCC Revakot &
Revakim and JCC Prime Time
Singles will join together. An air-
conditioned bus will leave the
JCC at 7 p.m. to take them to
"Oh Bananas" in Coconut Grove
for an evening of music and
entertainment featuring Iris
Saltzman, psychic astrologer. Go
bananas to "Oh Bananas," the
"in" place! Food and drink are
dutch treat that night. The bus
will return to the JCC at mid-
night. Bus fare for the evening is
$5.50 per person. Join the crowd.
Join the JCC Singles! Call 689-
7700 to reserve a place.
Under the leadership of Sam
and Marion Rubin there will be a
Garage Sale and Flea Market at
the JCC offices and facilities on
Sunday, Aug. 7 from noon to 6
p.m. If you have a merchandise
or would like to bake a cake,
please call Marion Rubin at 686-
9592. Tables are $15 each or $25
for two tables, payable to the
JCC. This is an opportunity for
community organizations and
individuals to sell plants, an-
tiques, books, odds and ends,
jewelry, toys, arts, etc.
Admission is free. Kosher hot
dogs and drinks will be available
for snacking. Bring friends and
pick up the summer slump on a
Sunday afternoon.
A Human Sexuality Weekend
featuring workshops by Libby
Tanner, MSW, associate pro-
fessor in Family Medicine of the
University of Miami School of
Medicine is sponsored by the
JCC Women's League at the
Sheraton Ocean Inn on Singer
Island on Saturday, July 23 and
Sunday, July 24.
The program is open to the
community and begins at 7 p.m.
on Saturday, July 23. The first
workshop is "Female Sexuality,
Joys and Vicissitudes."
Discussion will focus on
physiology of the female sexual
response; the continuum of high
to low responders; normality and
female sexual dysfunctions.
On Sunday July 24 Workshop
II will focus on male physiology
and sexual response and dys-
function. Workshop III will
respond to the question of sexual
issues in contemporary marriages
or non- marriages. To get free
information call 689-7700 for a
detailed brochure.
Israel Dig Flap Settled
Continued from Page 5
executive organs.
THE statement reaffirms
DIG*s main task as "the creation
of solidarity with Israel and its
people." The "starting point" for
the organizations activities is
"the knowledge of the crimes
which Germans committed
against the Jews in the years
Meroz told the gathering that
despite "differences of opinion"
between DIG and the Embassy,
"the question was never asked,
whether the DIG is necessary or
desirable." But the organization
could only perform effectively if
there was "maximum co-
operation" with the repre-
sentatives of Israel.
Applications are now being accepted for the Federation
sponsored Study Mission to Israel, which will depart in the Fall
for two weeks. The Mission is open to all men and women of
Palm Beach County. All participants will be requested to attend
three seminars that will be scheduled in September, prior to
leaving on the Mission.
For information and applications contact:
Jewish Federation of Palm Beach
2415 Okeechobee Blvd.
West Palm Beach. Florida 33409
Telephone (305) 689-5900
Michael Puder-Harris,
chairman of Adult Programs of
the JCC invites participation in
the development of the Fall
programs for Adults by joining
the Adult Program Committee.
Call the JCC office to give your
name and express your interest.
Dr. Thomas Davidoff,
chairman of the Children's Com-
mittee announces that former
Cub Masters, Scouters and
Explorer Advisors are invited to
help Aaron Savith, Shofar
counselor and Scout committee-
man form a Cub Pack, Scout
Troop and /or to become a
member of a Jewish Committee
on Scouting. Contact Aaron
Savith, Shofar counselor at
Southampton B-134, West Palm
Beach 683-8806 or the JCC. 689-
Summer Ulpan for Adults and
Teens where you can learn to
speak, read and write Modern
Hebrew by taking a special
eight-week summer Ulpan
Course will be offered this
summer. The JCC will be ad-
ministering these classes at the
following locations: JCC
members and / or synagogue
members fee: $40. Non-members
$60. Classes meet twice weekly,
each session lasting two hours.
West Palm Beach, Temple Beth-
El, Beginners: Monday and
Thursday 9 to 11 a.m.. Inter-
mediates, Monday and Thur-_
sday, 11 a.m. to 1 p.m.,
Advanced: Tuesday and
Thursday 7 to 9 p.m. At Boynton
Beach, Boynton Plaza (Congress
Avenue and 2nd Avenue),
Beginners, Wednesday and
Sunday 9 to 11 a.m., Inter-
mediates Wednesday and
Sunday 11 a.m. to 1 p.m.,
Advanced Wednesday and
Sunday 2 to 4 p.m. At Boca
Raton, Temple Beth El of Boca
Raton, Beginners: Monday and
Wednesday 6:15 to 8:15 p.m.,
Intermediates, Monday and
Wednesday 8:15 to 10:15 p.m.,
Advanced, Wednesday 4 to 6
p.m. and Sunday 5 to 7 p.m.
Yosef Yatif, certified Ulpan in-
structor and graduate of Hebrew
University is the instructor. Call
Sue Levi at the JCC, 689-7700.
for registration and placement
Every Wednesday Night from
7 to 10 p.m. JCC Teens gather at
the Teen Lounge for fun and
relaxation. If you haven't already
met Michael Soil come on down
and enjoy!
The JCC's Creative & Per-
forming Arts Summer Program
is in full swing. Call 689-7700 to
find out how you can join the
program for the remaining four
two-week session. Learn to play
the chalil learn Israeli folk
dancing learn new Art Skills
learn Karate learn Ballet.
Three scouts from Israel, who are par-
ticipating this summer in the Camp Shalom
program, arrived recently at the West Palm
Beach International airport. They wen
greeted by their "host" families with whom
they will be staying for the summer. Pic-
tured (left to rightf are Lisbeth Barron,
Marty List, Hadassa Goldberg, scout; Eyal
Giladi, scout; Karen and Diane List, Nitsan
Bedrah, scout; and Daniel Schimelman.
Transportation: The CSSC will
be open all summer with our bus
busy taking transit dis-
advantaged adults (60 years or
older) to hospitals, nursing
homes, nutrition sites,
physicians' and dentists' offices,
shopping and social service
agencies. The JCC Bus has been
the "magic carpet" for so many
people these past months.
Letters of appreciation from
users of our services, regarding
the fine treatment they have
received from our office staff and
our drivers are swelling our files
and hearts. The following letter
was received last week:
"Words fail me to express my
profound gratitude for the
laudable work being done by the
Jewish Community Center. I am
88 years old and what an ex-
perience I encountered on my last
trip to St. Mary's Hospital,
visiting a friend who has cancer,
and being driven there by a
wonderful girl named Margaret.
"I left my raincoat on the bus
containing $50 in the pocket,
never expecting to ever see it
again, but I phoned and reported
it to you. How kind and thought-
ful of you to phone me here at the
Pennsylvania at 8 o'clock the
same night to tell me that your
dear Margaret had turned it in,
only for Margaret's taking care of
it, was I lucky to get it back. I
have told this story to many of
my friends and they could hardly
believe it. so from the bottom of
my heart will I always pray for
the Jewish Community Center."
Call, then ask for transportation.
Citizens Information and
Referral Services: You need not
wonder "where, why or who"
anymore. Citizens I & R Services
are available at the CSV
Monday through Fridav i
I & R specialist, pJS
who is here to help Z\l
answer, to your J2j
^ programs H
Second. Tueaday Clob,T
for Seniors. Consult Yf]
Watch for them to begin,
Summer Classes: Two
Education classes will be _
the jcc this mmStSi
for 10 weeks, no 2?
Reading: If you are beginnia
already have one, join with,
others and learn to Up
Classes are restricted in L.|
according to the demandTel
be forming a second one/1
Oail Weinstein for info
Writer's Workshop:
Bf-twlckv ad"lt education!
tractor, leads this class ,
Monday at 1 p.m. Call I
Weinstem for information at
Volunteers have played I
important role in the devj
ment of the JCC throughout!
year, helping to make so mad
our dreams come true. Each!
volunteers aid in making
wheels turn faster and n
efficiently. They are our "Di(
Machine." Become a 1
Volunteer. Stop in at the CS
office and talk to Bill Blackn
Hospitality Corner: The t
is on all day drop in andl
Have a good summer!!
Do you hare a uor,
vacuum cleaner that you i
donate to the Jewish Commui
Center'' Just call us and ut
be happy to pick it up.
of the palm beaches, inc
241S Okeechobee Boulevard, West Palm Beach, Florida
Telephone 689-7700
CAMP SHALOM trie Set x>l. Elementary)
J*uh Federation ol Pel". Beech Count,
2416 Okeechobee Blvd.. West Palm Beach, Florida 3J409
Pleaw enroll my child 'children! m the summer dv camp
1 Ch,.d > Nan-*-.
Name ol School.
2 Child Name .
Name ol School.
M.I. U, _
Fennel I""" *"-
. Grade in SepI "-
Parent's Name.
Me- D
Female i
_____ Grade m Sept '".
riB'rth Date.
I 1- i
Phone No
Business Phone No
1.1 Period June 70 July'5
I with to enroll my child (children) lor
tiflht weeks June 70 Aua 12 ? 2nd Period July 18 Aua '7
Eight Weeks J225 f 140 Registration and Activity Fee
Four Weeks 1125 -f 120 Registration and Activity Fee
For eoch odditcnol child from the tamo family: light Wotki-1205 -r >*>
FourWeakt-IIIS-f S20 |M
I hereby apply lor admiuion ol my childlrenl to the day camp proorem o
Jewish Federation ol Palm Beach County
Parent Sitnaturi.
Note Each cmltf, application must be accompanied by payment ol Ret"!*
ft Activity lea. Cher k pe._4e to Camp Shawm

.July l.1*77
The JtwUh Fbridian of Palm Beach County
Peg* 9
[Saudis' Time Magazine Budget
^aUnad front Pag* 4
m if not quality," which
apply to Pages 44-62
jy a lot of space with
content, something like
0f those desert kingdom*
mu8t someday come to
m with the doom of all one-
b societies: decline into ghost
ations when once their
^ are outmoded. Something
jftw Magazine itself.
LrrriCE, I didn't say used up,
1 ith i wnat the oU lobb)ri8t8
, constantly intimidating us
,. i said outmoded, meaning
paioil will no longer be vital as
[Ibrcant because realpolitik is
i making it necessary that
oil no longer be vital a* i
lubricant, and so S10 billion
surplus budgets, and the sandy
empires they build, like
Ozymandius, will be "the decay/
Of that colossal wreck, boundless
and bare/ The lone and level
sands (that) stretch far away."
But to Pages 44-52 again, none
of which Time marks, "paid
advertisement" as required by
law because the crossed Arab
swords with the unlikely palm
tree growing out of its juncture
presumably gets neatly around
that and so shyly fills the maga-
zine's greedy coffers by decep-
tion. How does Time make them
They begin with a picture of
Franklin Delano Roosevelt
holding forth a hand of friendship
to King Abdulaziz al Saud
aboard the USS Augusta in
February, 1946, a sort of
Alexander Knox loving it up with
Peter OToole. Who did not love
Franklin? How can we do any
less today?
SOMETHING must have
happened in the intervening 32
years to frustrate the promise
proposed in the photo that is
sepia-toned to sentimentalize the
anguish that always enshrouds
unfulfillment, again presumably
those nasty Israelis, whom
Franklin would not have liked
Hence, how can we not love the
Particularly when in Pages 44-
52 there is a special message to us
here in our own community
relating to how Saudi Arabia
helps "medium and small firms,
as well as the majors" in the
U.S., including II million in
orders to a small Florida-baaed
firm, which of course goes un-
wonders that the Saudis have
been pumping out of the depths
of their oil-laden lands. Not only
do they help themselves; they
help us, too, who haven't seen a
balanced budget, let alone a $10
billions surplus, in Lord knows
when. Under these circum-
stances, forget the cost of gas.
How can it possibly matter?
My own obsession with all of
this is just how much of that un-
accounted for $16.5 billion in
expenditures Pages 44-52 of the
June 6 edition of Time Magazine
cost the Saudis. For certainly, all
of that balderdash was a paid
advertisement, whether so
marked or not.
Never mind the outlays for
defense. Forget the cost of roads,
railway and airport expansion
programs. I can pretty much
figure this stuff myself.
I WANT to know how much
Time skimmed off the top of the
barrel for all that oil they let the
Saudis spread across Pages 44-52
of their June 6 edition.
Not that it was any akin off
Time's back to publish so mighty
a fabrication, aince like
everything else in the magazine,
Pages 44-62 are a wondrous work
of fiction, "vast and trunkless
legs of stone" that "Stand in the
desert / Half sunk, a
shattered visage."
But as to things budgetary, it
must have been no mean sum,
and since Radio Riyadh the other
day was waxing so eloquent on
the Saudi exchequer, how come
they failed to list this mighty
work, too?
How the Cabinet i Because Someone Cared
Will Stack Up \
nposition of the new Israeli
einet that Prime Minister
chem Begin will be working
as his new government
i official command has been
I here.
It contained a few surprises,
concessions to the
onal Religious Party (NRP)
i several alterations that could
l construed as inducements to
Yigal Yadin's Democratic
wment for Change (DMC) to
its decisions not to join
Likud-led coalition. If no
are forthcoming, the
(up of ministers will be:
I PRIME Minister, Begin;
nse Minister, Gen. Ezer
peunan; Finance Minister,
mcha Ehrlich; Foreign
|inister, Moshe Dayan;
"er of Commerce and
wtry. Yigal Hurwitz;
' of Interior, Yosef Burg;
ter of Education, Zevulun
Minister of Agri-
Gen. Ariel Sharon;
of Energy, Itzhak
u; Minister of Construction,
n Patt; Minister of Health,
Shostak; Minister of
ous Affairs, either Haim
"man or Aharon Bu-Hat-
Minister of Absorption,
wly David Levy of Likud if
not elected Secretary
"PShalom Day Camp
munity Calendar
unity pre School
lo"na,|on Referral Service
wCommunity Day
"* Community Forum
,nh Community
Pptaont Committee
^Family & Children's
P*" Beach County
*"h Singles
'^Students Union
""P Development
a'c"TV Program
^'o institution*
The Interior, Education and
teligious Affairs Ministers
belong to the NRP. Likud
retained nine of the 13 ministries
announced so far for itself and
will have a tenth if Dayan of-
ficially joins Likud as expected.
The NRP. which had two
ministries when it belonged to
the Labor-led coalition,
demanded three in the next
government and Begin gave in,
apparently in order not to delay
signing a coalition agreement
with the religious faction. If the
Ministry of Religious Affairs is
incorporated into the Interior
Ministry as suggested, a
Ministry-Without-Portfolio may
be created for the NRP.
THE MAJOR surprise was
Sharon's agreement to take the
Ministry of Agriculture. He had
been slated to head a new
ministry coordinating the various
security services. The DMC
objected to the creation of such a
ministry and Begins abandon-
ment of that portfolio, for the
time being, was seen as a gesture
toward the DMC.
Sharon told newsmen that he
had acquiesced because the most
urgent task now is to form a new
government without delay. Three
ministries are being held open for
the DMC Social Betterment,
Communications, which will
include transportation, and
Likud and NRP leaders are, in
fact, still urging the DMC to join
the government before it is pre-
sented to the Knesset. But Yadin
is standing firmly by his position
that his party will not participate
in the new regime under present
conditions. He said that so far,
conditions have not changed and
be will not resume negotiations
with Likud. The new government
will be able to count on a slim
majority of 63 Knesset seats and
would represent a far broader
political spectrum.
By Stephen Levitt, A.C.S.W.
A personal view from
the Executive Director of
the Jewish Family &
Children's Service
(All case names mentioned in
these articles are fictitious; client
information at Jewish Family &
Children's Service is held in the
strictest confidence.)
I have concluded my first year
of service to the Palm Beaches.
In that time I have witnessed a
remarkable awakening of spirit
and energy on the part of the
Jewish Community. I have seen
an ambitious Senior Citizens'
program unfold one pro-
viding for transportation and
information and referral services
for our county's elderly. I have
seen the staff of the Jewish
Family & Children's Service
triple in size, and more im-
portantly, increase the quality of
social services to our Jewish
JFCS to Provide
Minor Home
The Jewish Family &
Children's Service is interested in
hearing from members of the
community, especially seniors,
who may be in need of minor
home repair services, but who are
unable to afford such repairs.
Under the terms of a recent
grant to a county-wide welfare
agency, such repairs will be
offered free of charge to those
who qualify.
To learn more about the pro-
gram, interested persons should
contact the JF&CS in West Palm
Beach or at the South County
office in Boca Raton.
I have seen the opening of a
branch office of JF & CS in Boca
Raton, and the initiation of
sorely needed counseling services
to the burgeoning communities
on our immediate southern flank.
I have seen our sister Jewish
Community agencies, the Day
School, the Jewish Community
Center, grow impressively.
Yet this is not a proper forum
for self-initated accolades. Much
remains to be done. Our com-
munity needs are great. Our
resources at times are seemingly
few. Low cost housing, nursing
home services, better home
health care possibilites, better
transportation, and Kosher
nutrition services at low cost, are
all still in an uncertain future for
our county's seniors. Our
younger families and singles need
more resources, more direction
and a greater societal affirmation
of their role and purpose. As
matters stand now, the media
glorify the banal, inane and per-
verse in American family life.
What we need to see more of is
the positive side of human family
Very often families or in-
dividuals will initiate appoint-
ments with our staff, ostensibly
to solve "problems." Upon
deeper exploration, however, in
some instances there is no
problem, per se, rather the parent
is seeking justification and af-
firmation of his/ her authority
with the children. In an age
where parents are portrayed as
milquetoast on television and
their children expect "Wonder
Woman" for mother, it is little
wonder that parents are confused
about their proper role and
authority with the children.
In next year's columns I hope
to expound upon these issues as
well as others. For the summer
months, this columnist will be
gathering new ideas to share with
you. I wish all of our readers a
pleasant and restful summer and
the best of New Year's greetings
this September.
(The Jewish Family A Children's
Service is a non-profit agency
designed to meet the social,
emotional and counseling needs
of the Jewish community of Palm
Beach County. Our office is
located at 2411 Okeechobee Blvd.
Telephone number is 684-1991/
Irving 0. Met says
An outstanding proressiono/ counseling agency serving the Jewish
community of Palm Beach County. Professional and confidential
help is available for
Problems of the aging
Consultation and evaluation services
Vocational counseling
Private Offteti:
Marital counseling
Parent-child conflicts
Personal problems
2411 Okeechobee Blvd.
West Palm Beach, Fla. 33409
Telephone: 684-1991
3200 North Federal Hwy. Suite 206-
Room 12, Boca Raton, Fla.
Telephone: 395-3640
Moderote fees ore charged in family and individual counseling to
those who can pay (Fees ore based on income and farrtily size)
The Jewish Family ond Children's Service is a beneficiary ogency of
the Jewish Federation of Palm Beach County.
The Most Trusted
Mime in Kosher
Poultry and Foods
If you are
buying Kosher
poultry today,
be sure you get
real quality and the
genuine Empire
Kosher Poultry

Page 10
The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County
y- July 1,1
The Western Enemy at Belgrade Confab
Continued from Page li
achieve their objectives. In fact
this is hardly possible at all in the
final analysis."
THE RUSSIANS have thus
sought to encourage all raw ma-
terial-producing countries tc
institute measures along the lines
so successfully followed by the oil
producers. Soviet spokesmen
have called, in particular, for
developing countries generally to
resort to nationalization of their
resources and cration of cartels to
control prices. They have noted
with approval that nations are
following the Organization of
Petroleum Exporting Countries'
(OPEC) example, raising the
prices on their exports of
minerals and agricultural raw
materials and food items.
Within the framework of
analysis, their observation that
the Third World constitutes a
huge deposit of mineral resources
and other natural wealth takes on
special meaning with respect to
Africa: "Africa holds a leading
position in the world both in
reserves and output of many
kinds of raw materials.. .The
deposits of the minerals in Arica
are indeed unique."
A Pravda article pointedly em-
phasized the stakes for the U.S.
"In U.S. imports, the share of
strategic raw materials imported
from Africa amounts to 100
percent of the industrial
diamonds, 68 percent of the
uranium, 44 percent of the man-
ganese, which is used in the steel
smelting industry, 36 percent of
the cobalt essential for aircraft
engines and high-strength alloys,
33 percent of its oil and 23
percent of its chromium used in
the manufacture of armor, air-
craft engines and gun barrels."
ACCORDING to a leading
authority on Soviet-African
affairs. E. A. Tarabin, in a
projection of annual deliveries of
African raw materials to the
West by 1960, the West's depen-
dence on Africa for certain raw
materials will increase.
He predicts, for example, that
deliveries of chromites (from
South Africa and Rhodesia) will
increase from 1.9 million tons in
1970 to four million tons in 1980;
of iron ore (from Liberia, Mauri-
tania and South Africa) from 57.8
million tons in 1970 to 80 million
tons in 1980; of copper (from
Zambia, South Africa and Zaire)
from 1.28 tons in 1970 to 2.5
million tons in 1980.
: jKabbiniatl (Hamtv I
? ?Question Box? ?
By Rabbi Samuel J. Fox
Question: Why doea the Torah
Law insist on two witnesses in
order to convict s person?
Answer: Generally speaking
the requirement of the two
witnesses applies to such cases
where an individual stands to be
corporally punished or to be
forced to give up his possessions
in some form.
In many cases, if it is just a
matter of establishing a fact, one
witness is usually acceptable.
Some Jewish commentaries state
that the reason for this is simply
a decree of the Almighty which is
not subject to question (i.e.
Moses Nachmanides).
OTHERS STATE that if there
is only one witness then it is
simply a matter of one man's
word (i.e. the person on trial)
against another (the witness).
Why should we then believe one
person more than another?
Still other rabbinic sources
state that two witnesses are
required because while it is
possible that one witness might
be prejudiced enough against the
person in question to unjustly do
him harm, it is less likely that
two witnesses would collude in
order to do this. It is also
mentioned in some later sources
that Jewish law wanted to use
every possible means of giving
the indicted person the benefit of
the doubt and assuring the court
of unquestionable testimony in
establishing the truth of the
While one witness may suc-
cessfully pass the test of severe
cross-examination which the
Jewish court itself pursues in
such cases, it is less likely that
two witnesses would pass this
test, since Jewish law insists that
their testimony be identical in all
respects before the person can be
BASICALLY, the right to
take away a person's life, or to
afford him any physical punish-
ment or even financial punish-
ment, is that right which ex-
clusively belongs to the
Almighty. Man, when the
Almighty allows him this right,
must emulate the pity, restraint
and concern of the Almighty.
In the Book of Deuteronomy
"And Balaam saw Israel and said: How
goodly are thy tents, O Jacob, thy dwellings, O Israel"
(Num. 24.2-51
BALAK Hearing of the Israelites' victory over the
Amorites, Balak, king of Moab, became frightened.
Jointly with the elders of Midian, he sent messengers to
Balaam, the son of Beor, urging him to curse Israel.
Balaam was both a soothsayer and a prophet, and it was
believed that bis curse would lead to the defeat of the
Israelites. But Balaam, hearkening to the voice of God,
twice refused to accompany Balak a messengers on the
hostile mission. Finally God said to Balaam: "Go with the
men; but only the word that I shall speak unto thee, that y
thou shalt speak" (Numbers 22.36). En route to Balak, an 1
angel warned Balaam. When ha arrived, ha had Balak Z
build seven altars and make appropriate sacrificial of- I
ferings preliminary to Balaam's cursing Israel. But when
the time came, Balaam gave the Israelites his blessing
instead of his curse. This reversal was repeated three
Mosbite and Midianite women seduced some of the
Israelites, persuading them to worship the idol Baal of
Peer. As a result, s plague broke out in the Israelite camp.
The plague ceased only when Phinehas stabbed an
Israelite man to death for consorting with s Midianite
ini rc of Mm Weakly Portion of Mm Law Is extracte* an* sate*
mm "Tho Graphic History of Mw Jowls* Merlfooo," aSMoS fey P. WsMaiaw.
Taemlr, *M, annum fey ISsoM. Tfea v**mm m avallafew at 1% Milan
Lass, Now York, N.V. least. JMB* Schlan* Is arsliSat of tfto society
ifributtof tto volumo.
both Heaven and Earth are sum-
moned to be the witnesses
against Israel for misdeeds,
making two witnesses. Similarly'
does the Torah insist that man
use at least two witnesses before
convicting anyone (Numbers
35:30: Deuteronomy 19:15).
Question: Why does the
Jewish calendar emphasize the
beginning of each month (i.e.,
making it a lunar calendar, in-
stead of a solar calendar)?
Answer: The mystics (like
Recanati, for example) give a
variety of reasons for this
practice. First, it is considered a
symbol of the pattern and
destiny of Jewish history. Just as
the moon sometimes grows larger
and sometimes grows smaller in
appearance, so do the Jewish
people at times develop from
strength to strength and at times
grow weaker in time. Since the
small phase of the moon even-
tually gives way to the brighter
phase-so do the dark moments in
Jewish history give way to the
bright moments.
Some see in the phases of the
moon the symbol of the Almighty
Himself who is sometimes ob-
served in all His glory in the
Golden eras of history while at
other times it seems as if He is
almost hiding from man in the
dark ages of history. There are
also some who claim that the
moon can be seen both by night
and by day while the sun can only
be visible by day. This indicates
that Jews find value both in the
bright as well as in the dark
moments of history.
Question: Why are the months
in early BibttcsJ literature men-
tioned without names, bat rather
by numbers?
Answer: The months are
counted from the Passover
month to indicate that Jewish lite
counts from freedom. Thus the
Passover month is known as the
first month, while the next month
is called the second month, etc.
The months of the year are thus a
broader historical experience
than bving for and in the present.
"I've been thinking
that fence"
maybe we SHOULD do something abo\
Synagogues in
Palm Beach County
*uo*m C0NStKVAWtWmr-\
1901 North Flogler Drive P.O Bo* 3
West Palm Beach, Florida 33407 Boca Raton. Florida 33432
8338421 426-1600
Rabbi Irving B. Cohen Rabbi Beniamin Rosayn
Summer Sabbath Services Friday at 8:00 p.m. Sabbath services, Friday oi 8 ll p.m.
TEMPLE BETH EL OF at Unitanon-Universalist
BOCA RATON Fellowship Building 162 W Palmetto Park Rd
333 SW Fourth Avenue Boca Raton
Boco Raton, Fl. 33432
Robbi Norman T. Mendel
Cantor Martm Rosen
Sabbath services, Friday at
8:15 p.m. Saturday morn '")
services at 10:30 a.m.
5348 Grove Street
West Palm Beach. Florida 33409
684 3212
Rabbi Harry Z Schectman
Rabbi Fmfntus Henry ler>ci
Friday 8:30a.m. 8:00 pm.
Saturday 8:30a m., 7:30 p.m.
Daily8:30am.7:30 p.m.
2815 North Flagler Drive
West Palm Beach, Florida 33407
833 0339
Rabbi Asher Bar-Zev
Sabbath services Friday at 8 15
p m.
Saturday at 9:30a.m.
Daily Minyan at 8:15 a.m.,
Sunday at 9 a m
315 North "A" Street
loke Worth, Florida 33460
585 5020
Rabbi Emanuel Eisenberg
Services, Mondays and Thursdays
at8 30a m.
Friday at 8:15 p.m.
Saturday at 9:30a.m.
Sabbath services, Friday at 8 p.m.
At Westminister
Presbyterian Church
10410 N. Military Trail. Palm
Bsoch Gardens 321 Northloke
Blvd.. North Palm Beach. Flo.
Rabbi Hyman Fithmon
Cantor Nicholas renaksl
N W Avenue "G"
0elle Glade, Florida 33430
Jack Statemon, lay leader
Sabbath services, Friday at 8:30
275 Alemeda Drive
Palm Springs. Florido 33460
Sabbath services Fndoy at |
p m
Saturday at 9o.m
Mpndays and Thursdays at 9a i
Services held at Faith United
Presbyterian Church Poll
P O Bo 2306
Boca Raton, Florida 33432
Rabbi Nathan Zeli/er
Sabbath services. Friday at 8
p m
2nd and 4th Saturdays at 9 30|
a m
Meets at
Weight Watchers
1775 N.E. 5th Ave
Born Raton Flo
P.O. Box 1214, Delray Bead!
Florida 33444
Sabbath services Friday at 8:0
p.m. Fellowship Hall, Cose
Methodist Church, 342 N. Swinto
Ave.. Delray Mr. Henry Ble
190 North County Rood
Polm Bsoch, Florido 33480
Robbi Mo* I Forman
Cantor David Dordoshti
Sabbath services, Fndoy of 8
Saturday ot 9 a m.
2515 N.E. 2nd Court
Boynton Reach. Flortda: 33435i
Sabbath ..ryica*. rridoy-*
Soturdoy-9:30 a.m. ^.
Server, held ot **#]
Methodist Church Social Hon
3215 N. SeocrestBlvd.
Boynton Beach, Florida
For information call 7Ji-Jt^,

The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County
Page 11
UJA Campaign Closes:
Kollek, Strelitz Stress Solidarity
United Jewish
campaign the most
J s,nce the Yom Kippur
Tame to a close last week
ieorous statement of
n Jewish solidarity with
General Chairman
R. Strelitz of Norfolk,
[.JrJ a UJA National Cam-
ma-til* in honor of Jeru-
C Teddy Kollek,
"We pray that Jerusalem
L. light unto the nations.
Jewish people, it is a light
,ul the symbol and bed-
ilour faith. We number 13
in the world today. If we
_ as Jerusalem is and
be united there need be
Unit to our accomplish-
More than 500 campaign
from throughout the
States attended the
AYOR Kollek termed Jeru-
ji city that "pulls on very
[wings in the Jewish soul.
Bturies, the return to Jeru-
meant independence for
Je, a chance to decide our
[hte." Kollek praised the
; "the one organization
lots across all areas of life to
American Jewry to
a unified expression of
ty with the people of
jibing Jerusalem as "a
Kollek noted that the
j "all the problems of all
-plus some moreand all
oblems of Israel plus
more." He stressed the
humanitarian needs
I brought about by the great
of new immigrants who
(leUled in the city, the sharp
between the poor and
iddle class, and the need to
Ibridges between the Jewish
and Arab communities. "We are
still far from achieving all we set
out to achieve," he said.
Strelitz, making his first public
appearance since his election as
general chairman a month ago
said: "As we fulfill our pledge to
the people of Israel, we must
fight for the human values im-
portant to all people. For too
many, human values have today
been forsaken for the open valve
of oil flowing from the feudal
states of the Middle East. We
Jews remember, however, when a
tiny flask of olive oil kept the
lamp of freedom lit for eight
days. We must not let the world
forget that the fuel of freedom is
not oil, but the spirit and courage
of men and women devoted to
basic human values.
"OUR TASK is to keep alive
the old dream ... the dream that
has spanned 4,000 years of
Jewish life and found continuity,
strength and direction in this
century in the United Jewish
Appeal. For we are united in our
commitment, Jewish in our out-
look and our appeal is for funds
to help build a world of dignity.
New York City's Mayor Abraham D. Beame (center) addresses
United Jewish Appeal leaders while General Chairman Leonard
R. Strelitz (left) and Jerusalem's Mayor Teddy Kollek (right)
look on. Beame greeted UJA representatives prior to the
National Campaign Closing luncheon on June 1.
Jewish Community Day School
Of Palm Beach County, Inc.
2815 N. Flagler Drive, West Palm Beach, Florida 33407
Is now accepting applications for
Pre-School-Full or Half Day
Kindergarten-Full Day
Grade l-Grade Vl-Elementary School
Grades Vll-VIII-Junior High School
Transportation throughout Palm Beach County
Admission Tests Required
Application Forms & Further Intormation-
Dr. Sidney Selig. Director
832-8423 4
Financial Assistance Available
Deadline May 15, 1977
^is> rri:-''
Jewish Community Day School of Palm Beach County, In*
2t16 H. FlagJer Drive, Weet Felm Beeen, Fla. 1M07
honor and peace.''
Frank R. Lautenberg, who
served as general chairman
during the past three UJA cam-
paigns and who is now president
of the organization, reported
that, with 80 percent of the 1977
campaign completed, a final total
of $475 million in pledges is
projected. He stressed, "If UJA
represents anything, it is excel-
lence in Jewish life leadership
and the will to persevere for
Jewish ideals in the face of ad-
Mayor Kollek presented
participating American mayors
with awards on behalf of the UJA
and Mayor Beame responded for
the group noting that he had
been "thrilled to visit Jerusalem
last year for the first time. The
work we do in UJA is of tremen-
dous importance and gives each
of us the opportunity to help the
people of Israel."
COMMUNITIES represented
by elected officials were: in New
York State: Liberty and Troy;
New Jersey: Englewood, Greater
Dascack Valley, Haworth and
Teaneck; Connecticut: Hartford,
Norwalk and Westport: and
Wilmington, Del.
Tel sen owe 832-8423 /14
A Benef Icle/y Agency of the Jewleh Federation of Plm Beach County
New Begin Gov*t
Takes Over Helm
I Continued from Page 1
between Israel and its neighbors.
With respect to France, Begin recalled the good relations
that existed with Israel until 1967 when France adopted the
Arab point of view.
He said that France had too many good friends in Israel
and Israel too many good friends in France for the nations to
remain apart.
BEGIN SAID that it was the Soviet Union that broke
diplomatic ties with Israel and therefore it was up to Moscow to
take the initiative to renew them. He said, however, that if and
when the Soviets approach Israel, Israel will demand that any
Jew desiring to leave the USSR be allowed to do so and that all
Jewish Prisoners of Conscience be freed.
THE LIKUD leader urged yordim emigres from Israel
to "come home," especially those living in the U.S. and other
western countries. He said the government would assist them
to return.
On the domestic scene, he appeared to lay down a deadline
for the Democratic Movement for Change (DMC) to reverse its
recent decision not to join his coalition.
Begin noted that three ministries have been left open in his
Cabinet for the DMC Justice, Welfare and Transportation
and Communications. But he warned that they will remain
vacant "not longer than four or five weeks."
HE READ to the Knesset his new government's
guidelines, including the statement that "the government
announces its readiness to take part in the Geneva Conference
at such time as it shall be invited to do so by the United States
and the USSR on the basis of the Security Council resolutions
242 and 338.
Prior to his appearance at the Knesset, Begin visited
President Ephraim Katzir at the Presidential residence to
inform him officially that he has succeeded in the task of for-
ming a government, assigned to him by the President two
weeks ago. He met with Katzir for about 15 minutes and
presented him with a letter containing a list of his Cabinet
R. L. (Bob) Newhart. L FD Colin J Ragev. L.FD.
Lawrence S. Faville. L FD William R. Zem. Jr.. L.FD
Michael K. Wick, I. FD Ceneral Manager
413 Hibiscus St 410) Parker Avc 1540 Hypokixo Rd
Wtst Palm Beach West Palm Beach Lantana 582 9061
832-8121 813 4061
ST2AL0M \::mcbtai pajtc
Palm Beach County's Cemetery
Exclusively tor the Jewish Community
1. Tribes of Israel Mausoleum
2. Bible Garden
3. Private Estates
4. 24 Hour Counseling Service
S32 Okeechobee Blvd.
W. Pafcn Beech, Fla. 33408

rage 12
The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County
Hoax or No, Idi Amin Dada Has Made His Mar]

The weeks preceding the
London June 8 to 16 Common-
wealth Prime Ministers' Con-
ference were fraught with anxiety
for Britain's Prime Minister
James Callaghan. His worries
were not centered upon possible
Commonwealth criticism of the
latest Rhodesian initiative,
British support for South Africa,
inadequate foreign aid, links
between the Commonwealth and
the European Economic Com-
munity (EEC), but whether or
not Idi Amin Dada, self-
appointed Field Marshal Presi-
dent of Uganda, would attend the
Conservative opposition leader
Margaret Thatcher said that
Amin's attendance would be
"repugnant" to the British
people and as the opposition grew
the "Keep Amin out" chorus
became louder.
TWO WEEKS before the
conference, the government
announced that it had made con-
tingency plans to prevent Amin
attending while Amin himself
was still announcing that he
would be in London. But
whatever plans Callaghan had,
the question Amin's advisers
were asking was whether or not
the Ugandan leader would afford
a humbling at the London get-
Bruce Courtney-Fitch, who
was once Principal Assistant
Secretary in both the Milton
Obote and Amin administrations
until sudden arrest, detention
and deportation pitched him into
the comparative obscurity of
British provincial journalism,
believed the Ugandan president
would attempt to attend the
Now living in Sussex,
England, Courtney-Fitch
believes that a key part of Amin's
complex character is "his bve of
cocking a snoot at the British
aristocracy." That observation is
reminiscent of journalist-author
David Martin's comment in his
Amin biography: "Another
important part of Amin's
character is his determination to
command those who once com-
manded him."
East African Standard's man in
London does not expect the
Uganda president to attend the
conference. As long ago as April,
when the issue of Amin's possible
attendance became a media
talking point, he was telling the
BBC's Nationwide program that
he expected Amin would "keep
things bubbling" until the very
last moment and then withdraw
under the pretext of some crisis.
But in the countdown to the
conference no one was making
hard and fast bets. In the six
years since he ousted the un-
popular Langi president. Dr.
Milton Obote, in a coup. Amin's
unpredictability has kept pace
with a situation in Uganda
described by the International
Commission of Jurists (ICJ) as
"a reign of terror worse than any-
thing in recent African history."
The number of dead in Uganda
is unknown, with the estimates
ranging from between 25,000 to
300,000. And it is not just a
question of numbers either. What
has shocked the world is the eye-
witness accounts enough now
to be accepted without question
of the manner in which people
have been killed. Until the weight
of evidence became such that the
reports could no longer be dis
counted, many observers
journalists among them, dis
regarded the evidence of the
regime's brutality, believing it -
perhaps understandably to b
politically motivated.
IN THOSE six years the
weight of the evidence has grown
until, in another report last
month, the ICJ, condemned
Amin's regime again, releasing
further shocking details of how
Ugandans were dying in the
country Sir Winston Churchill
Alive or dead, hoax or no hoax, Idi Amin Dada has embarrassed a world that is
itself none too pure. This says more about the extent of his outrages than
anything else can.
once described as "the pearl of
But, despite the evidence,
sections of the world press have
refused to take Amin, and
therefore by association, the
tragedy of Uganda, seriously.
Hence, while Ugandans died
hammering each other to death,
their heads smashed by a car
axle, thrown to crocodiles, burnt,
shot through the eyes, made to
eat their own flesh, their genitals
hacked off it was the
"sayings" of Amin that dom-
inated world interest.
Apologists for the Amin
regime claim that the Field
Marshal cannot be held
responsible for every death that
has occurred to which the counter
argument has been that, while
this is obviously so, Amin must
bear the ultimate responsibility
for all that has happened since
January 1972.
THE COUP unleashed, cer-
tainly at his initial direction, a
purge of the Lango and Acholi
tribes the "warrior" tribesmen
of which the army was mainly
comprised and which might
prove a fifth column for the Langi
Obote. Since then the killing has
snowballed as the rule of "law"
has been overruled by that of the
The army now comprises
mainly Amin's own tribesmen,
the Kakwa and their fellow
northern Moslems, the Lugbara.
To these he has added several
thousand Sudanese, ex-Any any a
guerrillas who fought the
Sudanese Khartoum govern-
ment. Apart from the army.
Amin himself has a praetorian
guard comprising Anyanya,
Nubians and Palestinian gunmen
belonging to the one-time
terrorist Palestine Liberation
The Lugbara and the Kakwa
total population estimated to
be 300,000 in a country of nine
million are tribes which have
been barely affected by modern
developments in Uganda during
the Sixties, the Lugbara still
practicing ancestor worship. It is
these men. many illiterate, who
now run Uganda.
THE COST to the country's
economy has been disastrous.
Thriving cotton, coffee and sugar
industries produce half their
former output and even the
increase in commodity prices
brought the country little benefit.
Britain, which had hastily
recognized the Amin regime with
promises of 920 million aid, soon
learned that Amin was not to be
the easy, compliant, successor to
Obote that they had imagined.
When in 1972 probably
because the $20 million aid had
never materialized he expelled
almost 100,000 Uganda Asians,
he began a gradual downward
trend in his relations with Britain
which ended in 1976 when Britain
warning its citizens still in
Uganda by choice that they were
there at their own risk broke
off relations with Amin.
Throughout the turbulent
years as Uganda's president,
Amin has courted and angered
the Israelis, the Americans,
the Russians, and many of his
fellow African leaders, not least
Presidents Julius Nyerere of
Tanzania and Kennth Kaunda of
Zambia and Jomo Kenyatta of
Kenya. Both Nyerere and
Kaunda were to attend the
London conference and two
weeks before the conference was
due to begin neither had in-
dicated they would boycott it if
Amin attended.
Kaunda together with Sir
Seretse Khama of Botswana and
non-Commonwealth leader
Samor Machel of Mozambique
boycotted the OAU summit in
Kampala in 1975 to protest
Amin's excesses. For a while it
looked as if Black Africa was
prepared to condemn Amin's
brutal regime but when former
U.S. Ambassador to the United
Nations Patrick Moynihan
described Amin as a "racist
murderer" Africa closed ranks
once more around the Ugandan
But then, on Sunday, May 22,
the Ghanaian ambassador to
France announced that Ghana
had suspended diplomatic
relations with Uganda and was
closing its mission in Entebbe,
the old colonial capital over-
looking Lake Victoria. It looked
like the thin end of the wedge and
by midweek diplomatic circles
were waiting to see if other Com-
monwealth countries would
follow suit.
Britain has said that pre-
venting Amin from attending the
conference was her responsibility
alone. Callaghan, questioned by
Thatcher, was saying that
Britain would not involve other
members of the Commonwealth
in the dispute.
"ANY DECISION taken is not
one in which I wish to involve
other members of the Common-
wealth," Callaghan said. "It will
be for the government to reach a
conclusion on this matter.
A "statement" was promised Voice of Experience
and it looked as if the British
government would, ultimately,
have to declare its intention of
physically preventing the
Ugandan leader from stepping
onto British soil. There was little
doubt that Callaghan s Minister
of State, Foreign and Common-
wealth Affairs, Ted Rowlands,
had discussed the possibility
with Commonwealth leaders.
Although he smilingly told
newsmen on his return to Britain
in late April: "We did more than
just discuss President Amin,"
there was little doubt that the
threatened arrival of the
Ugandan had featured high on
his itinerary.
THERE SEEMED little room
for compromise at the British end
as the opposition to Amin's
possible arrival mounted and
Callaghan hinted at measures to
prevent it, and the British Prime
Minister's quiet insistence that
Amin would be stopped indicated
that agreement had been reached
with Africa's Commonwealth
leaders as to how to do it.
But while London speculated
there seemed little doubt, too,
that Amin's advisers were taking
a long, serious look at the
situation. For many, a weakening
of Amin's position and a
humiliating rebuff in London
would weaken his position
would be a weakening of their
own. It looked likely therefore
that they would advise Amin
against going to Britain.
Despite his apparent charmed
life he has survived several
assassination attempts including
one last year in which a hand
grenade bounced off his shoulder
and killed three other people
without harming him
mmenae tribal-b
organization he
has, allied with
cunning sens
EXILED Ugandan, fc.
the U.S., Kenya andTaiizanS
actively working to erK"
rule and while it Jfl
g to little Zn
Placard protests their k
becoming increasingly persis
Refugees fleeing into Kd
carry reports of coup and 3
coup8 and growing militaryl
affection with Amin's SJ
Christian officers are ala
his Moslemization of the (
while troops are reported
contented at non-payn
wages. '
shrewd and
survival aided his r
power, but security organizat;
like the Ugandan State Res
Bureau ultimately tend to >..
their own internal intrijrues
reluctance in recent months I
abroad, presumably cony
that those he leaves behind i
for their own survival, en
that he survives. He res
visits Libya, has been to y]
slavia, the U.S., the Vatican,]
flew to Zaire during the
Shaba conflict.
But as conditions
Uganda each trip abroad I
creases the risk of his being <
thrown, and although Gh_
soothsayer "prophet John"
whom Amin is said to be ^ _
influenced has forecast tha
will rule for 20 years, An
survival tactics (such as dm
behind presidential parades iaj
unmarked car) indicate that I
not prepared to leave his
Allah's hands alone.
But, as May neared June|
hulking Ugandan president '
still insisting that he would I
London and promising to i
2,000 mistakes by the Bri
government as a result of
the Callaghan government i
not "survive."
THE NEWS that the relati
of the late Dora Bloch. "5,|
Anglo-Israeli passenger
the skyjacked French
murdered in Uganda after j
successful Israeli commando I
on Entebbe airport, would
serving Amin with a sumn
seems not to have pertur
Uganda leader. The prosp
protesters attending his
movement is also unlikely
deter him. Says Courtney-Fi|
"There is no point in thin
you can embarrass Amin
Amin can't be embarrassed."
And while all the evid
confirms that viewpoint it
underlined the probability
the British government
planning something more
mere embarrassment.
For days, the continent
guessing, with fake reports I
Uganda announcing
was on his way. Now, the sU
out: it was all a big joke. /
never left his country in the!
place. Pressing businef,
him, the radio reports dec"
at home. To the Point lntern|
'<> i ,\\V
Bob Connolly

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