fjlewislti IFIIariidliiai m
OFPALMBEA CH COUNTY
Comb.n.ng "OUR VOICE" and "FEDERATION REPORTER*'
in conjunction with The Jewish Federation of Palm Beach County
.3 Number 5
Friday, March 11, 1977
Price 2 5 cent?
ipen Letter to Palm Beach Jewish Community:
ALAN L. SHULMAN
im Series To
[Jewish Community Forum
ored by the Jewish
btion of Palm Beach
|y will conclude its eleventh
I lecture series on Sunday
March 13 with Dr.
M. Sachar discussing
|Lessons of Modern Jewish
Educated at Swarth-
more College and
sity, Dr. Howard
I Sachar has not
limited his aca-
> demic career to
this country. As
cher and Jewish
lived in Israel for
I four of them as director
bdeis University's Jacob
wtitute. Since then he has
Israel at least once an-
I'or research and con-
fc including his Sabbatical
Ptinued on Page 9
The 1977 Combined Jewish Appeal Israel Emergency Fund campaign is
coming down the home stretch. The current world situation and conditions
here at home make it imperative that every Palm Beach County Jew
recognize his or her obligation, duty and privilege to make a personal
conmitment to Jewish survival.
Within the past year and a half, Israel has been condemned as being
a racist state by the United Nations; it has had to take extraordinary
measures to rescue Jews held hostage at Entebbe; and, most recently,
it has suffered the indignity of seeing the confessed killer of
Israeli athletes at Munich released from custody.
All of which serve to underscore the isolation in which Israel finds
itself among the nations of the world.
At the same time, Israel is struggling to create a viable and dynamic
society in the face of grave economic conditions brought about by
the Yarn Kippur War. Runaway inflation and devaluation of the currency
has forced Israeli families to lower their standards of living and
many families, particularly these who arrived in recent years are now
living below the poverty level. They must now receive some form of
public assistance in order to survive at a time when there is
less money available to help them. .
In almost every areahealth, education, housing and absorptionthe
Jewish Agency has had to reduce its budget, and the people of Israel
are being deprived of basic humanitarian services. They look to us, the
Jews of the Diaspora, to help sustain the fibre of life in Israel.
Here in Palm Beach County, all of the agencies of the Jewish Federation
providing educational, social and welfare services to the community
have been hit by rising costs and increasing demands for service.
It is the obligation and privilege of every Jew, man and woman, to
support the 1977 Combined Jewish Appeal Israel Emergency Fund
campaign. It is a moral imperative to be righteous. Are we Jews of
Comfort...or are we Jews of Conbat? Each one of us must ask himself
What will your answer be?
Alan L. Shulman
General Campaign Chairman
B Universe Highlights Cocktail
rtion for Palm Beach CJA-IEF
Aessinger. Miss Universe
.mTiveon. Israel, was the
honor at a Special Gifts
J ^ocktail Reception on
\ The event, held at the
>n Palm Beach was
whalf of the Jewish
*8 977 Combined
r-y Fund campaign. The
Chaired by Dr. Richard
and Dr. Stanley
I" attended by over 100
Singer spoke of her
as Miss Universe and
answered questions pertaining to
her life in Israel and as a sergeant
in the Israeli Army. She stated
that she hoped her title would
bring honor to Israel and help
promote peace and un-
derstanding throughout the
world. After her reign Ms.
Messinger plans to return to
Israel to continue her studies.
Alan L. Shulman, general
campaign chairman, discussed
the growing needs in Israel in the
areas of health, education and
welfare. He stated that most
Israelis must hold two jobs in
order to meet their monthly bills,
due to the 60 to 70 percent tax on
their income. "In addition,"
Shulman added, "they are called
upon to sacrifice a son, daughter,
husband, in the regularly
scheduled wars in the Middle
East." In asking the community
for an increased commitment to
the 1977 campaign, Shulman
stated. "Every Jew is con-
nected. one to the other. We
will not break our chain, we
will not sever our roots'."
The evening concluded with
pledges showing a significant
increase over last year.
Miss Rina Messinger, Miss Universe 1976 and Miss Israel was
the guest of honor at the recent Special Gifts Cocktail
Reception held in behalf of the Jewish Federation's 1977
Combined Jewish AppealIsrael Emergency Fund campaign.
Ms. Messinger is pictured above with the cochairmen of the
event. Dr. Richard Shugarman (left) and Dr. Stanley Stark.
(More pictures on page 7).
The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County
On Thursday, March 17, Golds
Meir group of Hadassah will have
Rubin Lefkowitz as their guest
speaker. The meeting will take
place at Temple Beth Sholom at
12:30 p.m. Lefkowitz will discuss
"The Implication of the New
Administration in Relationship
to Israel." Nomination of officers
will follow. Refreshments will be
The Golda Meir Study Group
will meet March 17 at 10 a.m. at
the Congregational Church in
Boynton Beach. Reports and dis-
cussions on the work of Hadas-
sah Institutions in Israel is the
program this month. All are
Reservations are now being
accepted for a weekend at the
Seville Hotel in Miami Beach,
May 21-23. The cost of the
weekend includes two meals
daily, all gratuities, a cocktail
party, gifts for the ladies and a
Tamar group of Hadassah will
meet at the Greenway South
Recreation Hall on March 28. The
program will include a film titled
"If I Forget Thee." Refresh-
ments will be served.
On Thursday, March 17, the
annual Z'Hava Hadassah will be
held at Golden Lakes Village.
The program will be a musical
comedy called "Ho-Ho Hamen,"
directed by Marge Goldstein.
Phil Goldstein will lead the
Tikvah Hadassah will hold i
Purim Festival on Monday,
March 21, 1 p.m. at the Jewish
Community Center. The program
is titled "Famous Women
throughout Jewish History."
Refreshments will be served.
Shalom Hadassah will meet on
Monday. March 21.1 p.m. at the
Salvation Army Citadel. The
meeting will include a celebration
in honor of Hadassah s sixty-fifth
birthday. There will also be a
presentation of an original script
of "The Frog Prince," with
original music and lyrics by
Harry Huret. The cast will in-
clude Arthur and Dorothy Janis
accompanied by Harry Huret at
The study group of Shalom
Hadassah will meet on Thursday,
March 17, 10 a.m. in*the Hos-
pitality Room. Herbert Sperber
will conduct the session which
will include discussions of
Zionism in the Bible.
WHO. .WHAT. .WHERE?
JEWISH FEDERATION OF
PALM BEACH COUNTY
Camp Shalom Day Camp
Community Pre School
Jewish Community Day
Jewish Community Forum
Jewish Family & Children's
Jewish Flodbian of
Palm Beach County
Jewish Students Union
Florida Atlantic University
"Mosaic" TV Program
Service to Institutions
Transient 0 Emergency
Yovel Hadassah will meet on
March 17 at 1 p.m. at the Sal-
vation Army Citadel to celebrate
the sixty-fifth birthday of
Hadassah as well as the birthday
of Henrietta Szold.
Ann Hopfan, the first
president of Yovel has been
elected president of the combined
Palm Beach Chapter of Hadassah
which includes 12 Hadassah
The Bat Gurion group of
Hadassah will hold its third
annual "Birthday Party" on
Thursday, March 24, 8 p.m. at
the home of Staci Lesser, in West
Palm Beach. Wine, cheese and
dessert will be served. There will
be a surprise guest speaker. The
chairman of the event is Fran
Pioneer Women have opened a
day nursery for the children of
working mothers in the develop-
ment town of Yamit, the new port
city being built in Israel's nor-
thern Sinai sands near El Arish,
it was announced here by Char-
lotte Stein, national president.
The new facility presently
cares for 35 children from four
months to three years of age. per-
mitting their young mothers to
undertake full-time employment.
Yamit's 500 pioneering first
families will he served by a new
branch of Na'amat, Pioneer
Women's sister organization in
Israel. Pioneer Women and
Na'amat, provide training, edu-
cational and social services for
women and children in Israel.
Jewish War Veterans Ladies
Auxiliary No. 408 of West Palm
Beach held its installation of
officers for the year 1977-78 at a
luncheon at the Holiday Inn in
West Palm Beach on Feb. 16. The
following were installed:
Rose Weinberg, president pro
tern; Gertrude Emmer, senior
vice president: Mary Mankin,
junior vice president; Lynne
Macaluse, conductress: Martha
Lee, patriotic instructress: Betty
Goldstein, chaplain: Ann Leicht-
ling. treasurer: Esther Bayer,
corresponding secretary; Ella
Kandel, guard; Estelle
Bressman, Violet Scher, Nettie
Manser and Mae Margolin,
Other officers serving in pro
tern positions are Mae LeVine,
Min Weinstein, Mae Margolin
and Nettie Hanser.
Belle Schwartz, Department of
Florida JWVA president, in
stalled the officers. Among the
distinguished guests was Rose
Schorr, past national president
The next regular meeting of
the Auxiliary No. 408 will be held
on Wednesday, March 16, at the
Jewish Community Center. Pros-
pective members are welcome to
UNITED ORDER OF
A meeting will be held on
Monday, March 14, 1 p.m. at the
Holiday Inn, Century Village.
Refreshments will be served. The
Donor Luncheon will be held on
Thursday, April 21, at the
WOMEN'S AMERICAN ORT
The West Palm Beach Chapter
of Women's American ORT will
meet on Wednesday, March 23,
12:30 p.m. at the Salvation Army
Citadel. The program will feature
Abe Spielvogel, pantomimist. A
Purim-Passover celebration will
be held and refreshments will be
On March 27 a "one-day" Flea
Market will be held at the Super-
X Plaza, Military Trail and
A tea will be given at the home
of Mrs. A. Dickstein on March 18
in honor of new members.
The Palm Beach Chapter of
Women's American ORT
(Organization for Rehabilitation
through Training) invites all
members to attend a mini-
seminar on Monday, March 14, at
the home of Mrs. Henry Blum,
West Palm Beach at 1 p.m. Reba
Mayer will review To Jerusalem
and Back, by Saul Bellow.
Members of the Palm Beach
County Region of Women's
American ORT observed "ORT
Day 77" on March 9. Their
slogan is "Education Today
Means Freedom for the Future."
Women's American ORT, which
supports the global ORT
program of vocational education,
is working coast-to-coast within
its 1,000 chapters to advance th
cause of a better vocational
OF JEWISH WOMEN
The Palm Beach Branch of the
National Council of Jewish
Women recently held a workshop
meeting to discuss "The Jewish
Family in Search of Itself."
The summaries were discussed
with professional leaders Ruth
Horowitz, family and marriage
counselor from New Jersey, and
Rabbi Mel Hecht from Fort
The next meeting will be held
on March 23. at the Women's
Halfway House. Lee Leffingwell,
director of the Halfway House,
will conduct a tour, and will dis-
cuss their programs. Members
are requested to bring books, to
begin setting up the library for
Donations of books are
The next regular meeting of
the Tel Aviv Lodge of B'nai
B'rith will be held on Wednesday
evening, March 16, 7:30 p.m. at
the Kirklane Elementary School.
The guest speaker will be
Philately has been
our only business tor
well over 40 years as
tioneer in N.Y.C.
Now located in Flor
da^orry, but we have no stamps to
sell.but we are always interested in
purchasing desirable material.espec
ially USA collections. We navel
earned the commendable Senior.Mem
bership in the American Society of
HERMAN HERST. JR., INC.
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Office Hmm: 040-9753
Pictured above (left to right) are the Executive Board
of the Boynton Beach Chapter of Women\ A~
Lillian Fleisher, Hannah Rosen Betty VoslT^"",
Joseph F. Zack, Freda Lipschitz, Presii^tlV
Anne Rovner and Gladys Rindzunner, who u nt'
sinning of a proclamation proclaiming March 9as ORTD,
Alfred Golden, national com-
missioner of the Anti-Defamation
League, whose topic will be "The
Importance of the Anti-
Defamation League." A question
and answer period will follow.
Refreshments will be served. All
are invited to attend the meeting.
Century Lodge No. 2939 of
B'nai B'rith will hold an in-
stallation breakfast meeting on
Sunday morning, March 20 at the
Colonnades Hotel on Singer
George Columbus will be in-
stalled as president for the
coming year along with the other
officers and the board of direc-
YIDDISH CULTURE GROUP
On March 15 at 10 a.m. the
Yiddish Culture Group of
Century Village will feature the
American Yiddish humorist
Hershel Gendel, and the inter-
national classical folk singer,
Maya Gendel, accompanied by
Dr. Rabbi William Shapiro will
speak on the meaning of Brother-
The Jewish Community Day
School of Palm Beach County
choir conducted by Rabbi Arnold
Richter, were the guest per-
formers at a recent Yid
Culture Group meeting.
than a thousand men
friends and visitors of
Century Village Yiddish Cu
Group attended. The
formance consisted of a me
Hebrew, Yiddish and B
songs. These songs were;
to a Canute on the themeol
Israel and Torah.
The director of the scho
Sidney Selig, made
support of the Jewish
munity Day School.
The program was coordin,
by Mrs. Arnold JacobsonJ
choir members are: Benji
Breen. Robyn Brody,
Deutsch. Scott Gladnick,",
Goodman, Amy Greene, Ho
Greenfield, Howard Jaco
Nancy Kripitz. Shuckv Miz,
Beth Nobel. Pamela Rob
Lisa Simon, Lisa Siskin, _
Stein. Jodi Stein, Jacob Stek
and Susan Tauer,
B'NAI B'RITH W0M
The Boynton Beach Cha
B'nai B'rith women wiU hold
election meeting followed
mini-lunch card party
Monday, March 14, 11:30a
Temple Beth Sholom,
Worth. For ticket info
call Kay Siegel.
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TheJewishFloridian of Palm Beach County
sell Addresses UJA State Conference
leaders from the
ft** appeal Nattonal
! Robert Russell, of
| on American Jewish
8 to increase their
1I0r the people of IsraeK
poke at the first UJA
(,t Tarpon Springs.
Jewish Agency in
is being forced to cut
for human needs by
rJ and the impact of this
I cutbacks may affect a
. 0f Jews in our
Think of the child who
uneducated, the im-
family that may go
1 housing, the wage earner
L go untrained for a new
J, the social gap that
in a country that
fulfill the heights of
I conference, a major ef-
ajto implement Florida-
help finance the Jewish
5 programs as well as
jty causes, was chaired
erg of Clearwater.
fg urged the community
to "broaden their
to include state-wide
onalization will give us
ortunity 1" use our
i resources to the fullest
larjic and small com-
Rico and the Virgin
f he said.
other featured address at
fcrence, Leonard Fein.
at Brandeis I niviTsity.
the impact of the
i>f supporting funds on
on in Israel, where plans
nd the free educational
i la thi' tenth grade have
threat to the [X'ople of
on leaw fnim his post
*( of the Manpower
r "nd Administrative
r al ""' Technion, has
Pned acting director of
f*' Akyah Center of
l,TJru Lei,y- who
"m fr year and a
[UP'f'H 'he vacancy
'"* return to Israel of
ir(e[ Leket is now a
pi & Cantor i
1 or Port Tjrrie
Israel is that the state will
survive, but the dream will die
because the costs were so great.
We must insure that this does
not happen," he said.
"These are real needs which
only we can solve; the
humanitarian programs funded
by your campaigns are crucially
important to a generation of
Israelis growing up at this very
moment. We must do moreand
we must do it now." said Prof.
The conference featured
seminars for community cam-
paign chairmen, Federation
presidents, small community
leadership, executive directors,
and the UJA Women's Division.
Aaron David Rosenbaum.
director of Research for the
American Israel Public Affairs
Committee, (AIPAC), reviewed
political problems in the Middle
East and their effect on possible
peace initiatives during the
During the past few years, the
UJA has developed regional
programming as a major part if
its national campaign activities,
redesigning the National
Campaign Cabinet into nine
Other regions holding
leadership conferences in the last
several weeks have included the
Western Region in Palm Springs,
Calif.; the Southwest Region in
Houston, Texas; the state of
Illinois in Springfield, 111.; and
the Mid-Atlantic Region in
Hasbrouck Heights, N.J. Among
topics considered at these
conferences were major UJA
spring campaign events in-
cluding a National Shabbat, a
National Walk-A-Thon, and a
National Campaign Closing.
No Bed of Roses For
Dutch Flower Men
By JON FEDLER
BONN (JTA) German
and Dutch flower growers have
expressed alarm at massive
imports of cheap Israeli roses.
Daily flights of Israeli fruit- and
flower-laden jumbos started
arriving at Cologne Airport late
By the end of this winter,
Israel will have sold about 50
million roses to Europe, and this
figure is expected to double next
THE EUROPEANS say their
roses cost about eight cents
apiece to grow, but Israeli roses,
in spite of air freight costs, are
being sold to wholesalers at "a
fraction of this."
In fact, German flower-sellers
are not passing on this cost
advantage to their customers on
Europe's biggest flower market
Roses, whatever their origin,
coat about 24 cents to 40 cents
each, retail. An even bigger head-
ache for flower growers is
resulting from carnations from
Kenya and Colombia which,
unlike the Israeli flowers,
blossom all year round.
THE GERMAN Flower
Growers Association has told its
members there is nothing it can
It recommends that they
switch to growing more exotic
flowers which, unlike roses and
carnations, cannot be trans-
ported long distances.
Community Day School Holds Benefit Party
The residence of Robert
Rapaport of Palm Beach was the
setting for the second annual
cocktail benefit in honor of the
Jewish Community Day School
of Palm Beach County.
The Palm Beach residence was
decorated in an elementary
school motif. The guests were
greeted by president of the Day
School, Max Tochner. and host
Mr. Rapaport. Kosher delicacies
and cocktails were served,
followed by a silent auction of
tfifts donated by Palm Reach
residents and merchants from
Max Tochner applauded the
participation of the many
residents of the Town of Palm
Heach who showed by their
presence that. "The Jewish
Community Day School is hereto
stay in the Palm Beaches. This
support will enable the JCDS to
In-come a significant school for
(ieneral Studies and continue its
unique program of .Jewish
heritage training." he stated.
The director of the school. Dr.
Sidney Selig expressed ap-
preciation to Jeanne Levy, Heth
Siskin. Joan Tochner. Khoda
Cole and Lorraine Yirshup for
their help in coordinating the
The Shomray Torah Societ)
(Guardians of the Torah I of the
Jewish Community Day School
held its first annual membership
induction at the cocktail
reception. The Society represents
a group of people who donate
funds to the school. The following
members were inducted into the
Honor Society by Dr. Selig: Drs.
Arthur and Riva Bickel, foun-
ders; Mr. and Mrs. H. Irwin
I^evy, patrons; Goldie Paley,
patron; Robert Rapaport,
sponsor; Dr. and Mrs. Hyman
Roberts. sponsors: Irma
Ullmann. sponsor; Mrs. M. F.del-
man. sponsor; Mr. and Mrs.
Robert S. Levy, contributors:
Mr. and Mrs. Max Tochner,
contributors; Mr. and Mrs. M.B.
Siskin, donors: Dr. and Mrs.
Arthur Virshup. donors: Dr. and
Mrs. Pierce Weinstein. donors;
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The.Jewish Fbridian of Palm Beach County
Mr. Rabin's Return
We welcome the appearance here of Israel Prime
Minister Yitzhak Rabin on Wednesday. March 9, to
address the Israel Bonds 1977 International Inaugural
Miami was the first city to welcome Rabin when he
became Israel's Ambassador to the United States in
Miami was the last city to bid him farewell upon his
return to Israel to take up even higher governmental
Now. the Prime Minister returns, this time just a
week to the day that he emerged as victor in the Labor
Party's nomination of his candidacy to succeed himself in
the May elections.
In this capacity, the Prime Minister should have
particularly pertinent news to bring to the community.
His appearance here is not only an honor to South Florida.
It will also be an opportunity to share in history in the -
Israelis Beat Red Team
TEL AVIV (.ITAI Israel went wild after the Tel Aviv
Maccabi basketball team's surprise 91-79 victory over the
Soviet Union's champion Moscow team.
As soon as the game ended, shortly before midnight,
the streets erupted with people cheering and dancing and the
sound ol automobile horns The victory assures Israel of a s|M>t
in the European ("up finals.
PRIME MINISTER Yitzhak Rabin led a list of ministers,
Knesset members and others who cablet! congratulations to the
team MKs Yosef Sarid of Labor and Ehud Ulmer of Likud said
the Israeli sports award should go to American-born Tal
Brodie, who is the captain of the Israeli team.
The Soviet radio broadcast the results of the game but its
listeners were told that the Russian team had lost to the
Yadlin Gets 5 Years
TEL AVIV (JTA) Asher
Yadlin. former head of Kupat
Holim. was sentenced to five
years imprisonment and fined IL
250,000 on several counts of
bribery, fraud and embezzlement
to which he pleaded guilty a week
Judge Hadassah Ben-Ito, who
pronounced the sentence, said
she disbelieved Yadlin "s claim
that he had turned most of the
bribe money he accepted over to
the Labor Party for its election
campaign fund in 1973. The
sentence can be appealed.
JUDGE BEN-ITO said that
even if the claim were true, it did
not mitigate Yadlin's offenses.
She added, however, that because
Yadlin pleaded guilty and
because his career and reputation
are ruined, she did not impose the
maximum allowable sentence of
Yadlin stood stony-faced
during the 40 minutes it took to
read the charges and hear the
judge's statement. He burst into
tears when the sentence was pro-
nounced. Members of his family
claimed he had been maligned by
Or PALM BE ACM COUNTY
Combining "OUR VOICE and "FEDERATION REPORTER"
In conjunction with Jewish Fortion of Palm Baach County. Ine.
CbmUMd Jewish Appeal
M IS Okeechobee Boulevard. West Palm Beach. Florida JS0
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Director. Norman Schimelman, Assistant Executive Director. Robert Kessler
Submit material lor publication to Ronni Tartekow. Director ol Public Relations
Just What is Breira Really?
A GEORGIA congressman is
relating Castroite threats against
American citizens to threats
against Jews if the State of Israel
institutes the death penalty for
terrorists who have taken human
Rep. Larry McDonald has
identified the Castroites as the
New World Liberation Front
based in California which, he
alleges, is behind a whole series of
Communist terrorist acts in the
U.S. in retaliation against those
who oppose friendly ties to Cuba.
IN THE view of McDonald,
the NWLF "consists of. among
others, remnanu 0f J
bionese Liberation AM
outfit with which Patri^l
w3 centrally ^f^,
6UWY PlrJ$Er\S AND
THE WEST BrNM^TrXlAMQtf
Israel and "has adSS
Nazi technique of usS
Zionists as synonomo?
new phase of m
McDonalds latest statCTy
in support 0f Rep. JH
brook s anti-terrorism billJ
M,^onald. barges. -J
bottled up in the House Jd
Committee for the
AS McDONALD sees it I
need the reestablishment
House Committee on Int,
Security to investigate
If the virulence of recentl
World Liberation Front art
against American Jews is*
dicator of things to come]
McDonald is absolutely!
The Connressional ,
features a statement by|
NWLF which is self-explan
"IF (ISRAEL Prime )|J
Yitzhak) Rabin imposes]
death penalty upon Pale
freedom fighters, this will
with swift revolutionary ,
We will retaliate against Zsj
terrorism against Pales
freedom fighters with
action against the ,le
American ruling class.
"These Zionist ruling
pigs will not butcher poor pi
fighting for a just life wiu
suffering drastic repercus
Continued on Page 13
Reporters and the Wiretap Ln
Friday. March 11. 1977
21 ADAR 1977
publishers opposed the Child
Labor Law in the first quarter of
this century on First Amendment
grounds: prohibiting "little
merchants" of any age from
hustling newspapers at any hour
of the day or night was viewed as
inhibiting distribution of in-
formation, thus violating "the
people's" right to know.
In the second quarter they
carried the National Labor
Relations Act (Wagner Act) to
the Supreme Court on First
Amendment grounds: since the
law permitted reporters to
organize into unions (as well as
other people) it would thus
"dictate to the press the persons
to be employed in preparing news
and editorials and therefore
control editorial policy, thereby
curtailing freedom of the press."
HERE in Florida in recent
weeks, television stations and the
Miami Herald won a ruling from
a Dade Circuit Court Judge that
the state's Security Com-
munications Act did not apply to
the media because it was a
violation of the First Amendment
and therefore "unconstitutional."
According to a Herald story on
Judge Donald Stone's ruling, he
found that "The Fourth Amend-
ment (which sets forth the rights
of privacy) must yield to the
First Amendment in this case."
The point at issue was whether
reporters are covered by the law
which prohibits a party to a con-
versation from recording such
conversation "without the
consent of all (emphasis mine)
parties to the conversation ..."
THE ANTI-WIRETAP law.
according to Judge Stone, "sub-
stantially impaired and almost
fatally eliminated the ability of
(reporters) to investigate, ac-
curately coroborate and dis-
seminate matters affecting the
public welfare." To which I dis-
respectfully say. Nonsense.
For this is the same kind of
publisher pap that the United
States Supreme Court has
rejected time and again. In ruling
that the press had to conform to
the National Labor Relations Act
(a decision in which, incidentally,
I had a personal stake since I was
one of 19 fired at the time
throughout the country for
organizing the American News-
paper Guild on my newspaper).
Justice Roberts pointed out in his
opinion that the law did not
regulate the press but only its
"The publishers of a news-
paper has no special immunity
from the application of general
laws," he said, and the statute
had "no relation whatever to the
impartial distribution of news."
IN A FAMOUS dissent in
1952, in whkh the issue of the
right of privacy and the First
Amendment came into play (not
involving the media, however),
Justice Douglas expressed the
opinion that the "sanctity of
thought and belief" provided for
in the First Amendment made
imperative a "constitutional
right to be left alone."
Atty. Gen. Robert Shevin has
brought the state's appeal to the
Florida Supreme Court where,
hopefully, the higher wisdom will
reverse Judge Stone.
In any event, a ruling either
way will most likely be appealed
to the United States Supreme
Court for what will probably be a
landmark decision. As a non-
lawyer I am somewhat puzzled
why the case, originally filed in
the Federal District Court, was
withdrawn by the plaintiffsi
fought out in a minor state c
But then, so many P
proceedings continue to
me in comparison withl
civilized New Jersey co
once covered as a reporter.
WHAT IS disturbing Ml
and I will match my recordl
investigative reporter whf
was threatened on seve
casions, who appeared
Grand Juries in connection)
four different exposes of or
corruption, gambling and I
market activities against a
these modern media secret I
recorders is the atb
sanctify someone who
no sanctity: the newsman
Mort Stern, dean of the]
versity of Colorado Sent
Journalism, summed it up I
believe, in an article in
"I find freedom of the [
times used as if it meant vu
nothing but the freedom
stitution makes no sue"
Unction, of course, beca"'
drafters had no bT*J
creating a class of PP*
were beyond the required*
the law that other citizens*
their often und*rr"",v,
was a privileged oct^
- when engaged oJJJ
citizen was to t*
from the ineviUby
hand of government.
If. in the pursuit d I
r ff af v*sSr
informed, a W*"*L,*1
perhaps kills, is n*"
Stat great god of An^JJ
lishers. the ^J^l
lts logical tha as d-JJ
more privileged than tnej
CIA and just pla*1^,,
when it comes to. uW*
lewt in Dade Circuit Co*
March 11. 1977
The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County
ers to theCditor
Yiddish Adds Meaning to Jewishness
The Jewish Ftoridtani
delighted with your
Jin the Feb. 11 edition on
Ci ol the Palm Beach
Yiddish festival and
JL : general. Your sen-
C ^ very much to tto
,\H of us who love the
because of its intrinsic
,ua| content, and because it
aninj. 1.1 our .lewishness
Uetfing "ur awareness am
Nation of our 1 K.ts. should
Yiddish live and nourish.
.the South County area, we
[been living with Yiddish on
[organized basis for three
Vlhrnugh a Yiddish Culture
L|r which nieels every
k,I,h evening from 7:.<) to
pin. ni the Boca Raton
limumiy Middle School, and a
Shir one which meets every
Qit evening from 7:30 to
ipin :ii the Delray Beach
laniir High Community
hii>. lieen for me a source of
deepest emotional and
hm.il Killi^t;i<'i ion 111 serve in
lioliiil ViMirdiniilor" of both
irsr circle'.. ;il which a
Inution "l groups singing.
b Iniin 1 In rhissirs. |M'i 1 \
un. ,11 il .hlllllt'Ssillfi III
L|j>l< final 1111 ii 1 I 11111--- nn
I |e 1-I1 life and hislon
I'llL'll-ll. Ill.lkl' llll ill) III)
ITo Raise Funds
(ninccrl ol .lewisl -nusir a
null com I'd i ill Ik- held
|i' lienelil 1 he United
PK|!lH W 11 Scholarship
lamlihi ('1 niors' Assembly
parsnip Yv id on Saturday
[.March '.'(.. ai Temple Beth
l \nrili Miami, under the
bonhip <>l 1 he Southeast
im. I nit 11I Synagogue of
pica .1 in I the Cantors
JnnliK ol i|. Southeast
Fkairrnen ol the event are
ton (iri.|M|sk\ treasurer of
pwtheasi Region and Cantor
WIit of Temple Kmanu-RI
[arhnlnrslup fund will send
Henam-rs lo Israel on the
*' "ilgrinuine ,1 I'SY on
I. Camp Utniah and other
F""-- \noiher portion of the
y^jllgive financial support to
niors institute, its
Potions und assistance to
alll Seymour Friedman,
Plvedireilor. United Syna-
ooutheast Region, in-
ly that cantors serving
iWagogue lay leaders are on
|nmi.ttee. The program will
fjr the leadership of Cantor
l!n*h. president of the
"?rs Assembly, Southeast
n and will be accompanied
I Irel F,"rshko- composer
rommun.ty music leader. An
r^lf of cantors will present a
r" Program that evening,
t'cipatiriK cantors are Zvi
&""El; Saul ft Breeh.
J^phael; Eleazer Bernstein.
i. n Nu" l-'eldman.
JJ- I,i1,vl Leon, Cantors
rVl u ,;"'k Lerner' B'nai
r.,.w'"am Lipson, Beth
Participants in the circles have
derived extraordinary pleasure
from the wit and wisdom of
Sholom Aloichem. two of whose
great literary works I have read
through from cover to cover
iTeryc dcr rnilkhikcr and Moll
peysi dem khaznsl and a third of
"which Menakhtm Mondl we
are now in the process of enjoying
A reasonable understanding of
mamc-loshn (Yiddish) is the sole
prerequisite for participation in
May I cordially invite all
readers of the Jewish Floridian
who are seeking this form of
mihlus to attend one of the two
SAMUEL A. PORTNOY
Professor of History
Florida Atlantic University
"m l.ipson, Beth
[" Wee Neu, Beth Israel.
wl Abraham Seif.
unimportant correction in your
editorial. Yiddish has been a
major language of the Jewish
people not for 500 years but for
1000 years. It entered into
Western civilization in the
Khineland region not very long
after the birth of the French and
German languages, in their more
EDITOR, The Jewish Floridian;
Rabbi Irving Cohen of Temple
Israel. West Palm Beach, gives
us a great deal to think about.
His recent article in the
Floridian compares our country's
behavior towards defeated enemy
countries with Israel's seeming
Intransigence concerning her
My use of the term "seeming
intransigence" is to highlight the
unlaireness of uniformed and
shortsighted persons who
wrongfully attribute that at
titude to the Israelis.
In the caw of the United
States, our enemies were totally
defeated and we could have
enforced complete domination
over them and controlled their
destinies for an indefinite period
had We so decided
But Israel's situation is dif-
ferent. She is not wholly master
of her own future and destiny.
She can more properly be likened
lo being a victim of international
circumstances and machinations
without the freedom of action in
her own self inleresl.
Therefore, no fairminded and
impartial observer can blame
Israel for her suspicious and
misgivings about some peace
proposals unless coupled with
reliable and irrevocable
guarantees for her independence.
safety, growth and development.
EDITOR, The Jewish Floridian;
I read with great interest Mr.
Leo Mindlin's article on William
Buckley and his "anti-
I was particularly intrigued by
his final paragraph in which he
stated that he would no longer
support Channel 2 with
donations because of Mr.
Buckley's appearance and
statement on their station.
I find this a narrow minded ap-
proach. If everyone who
disagreed with some person or
statement made nn Channel 2
would withhold contributions. I
am iifraid public TV would go
down the drain.
I help support Channel 2 and I
like to near both sides of the coin,
I fii-l that their programs present
all kinds of thinking. This is the
way it should be in my opinion.
West Palm Beach
c gitMl -* 'Co
The first long cigarette to bring
good taste to low-tar smoking.
Like a lot of smokers you may like the idea of a longer cigarette. You may also want low tar.
But longer cigarettes usually have more tar.
WeU, Vantage just wouldn't go along with that.
So we worked. Until we could perfect a longer cigarette with the famous Vantage combination of
fU Not the lowest long cigarette you can find. But very possibly the low est that you w ill enjoy.
New Vantage Longs. A blend of flavor-rich tobaccos with tar levels held down to the point where
ood taste stilkomcs through.
That's the Vantage point. And that's the point of Vantage Longs. Never before has there been a
long cigarette quite like "t- ...
Try a pack todav and sec if von go along with us.
Warning The Surgeon General Has Determined
Thai Cigarette Smoking Is Dangerous to Your Health.
11 mg. "tar". 0.9 mg. nicotine av per cigarette, by FTC method.
The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County
Jewish Community Center Presents
t Pantomime taught by Yacov
Noy every Tuesday afternoon is
attracting more children each
Adults also enjoy this highly
esoteric art form on Tuesday
evenings with Yacov.
t Musical tumbling goes
round and round with Nancy.
Photography with Marty
Becker is Free for Teens and
Adults on Thursday evenings.
Arts and Crafts meets on
Karate has taken a strong
hold on the JCC every Thursday.
Children, Teens and Adults
engage in a non-violent skill
weekly with Jimmy Diaz.
t A new Needlework course is
offered to children.
Pre-School Programs are
expanding in all directions. Tots
programs are offered in the
morning. Call JCC, 689-7700, for
details. Lisa and Nancy are
offering extended afternoon
All Pre-School programs are
designed to encourage critical
thinking, creativity and ex-
t Ulpan at the JCC is growing.
Two more classes have been
added for your convenience.
Learn how to speak Hebrew now.
Don't wait! We'll fit you into a
class anytime you are ready. We
have miracle teachers!
Yiddish Conversation is a
regular Wednesday afternoon
happening with Shoshanah
Diet Watchers have lost
nearly 100 pounds since they
began. Join them on Monday
evening at 7 p.m. and help them
add up their losses. Ann Gold is
in charge. The beautiful pro-
fessional scale used by the class
was donated to the JCC by Dr.
Pierce We in stein.
Dancing is good for every-
one. If you dance or just watch
others, it makes you feel good.
Join David Brunner on Tuesday
nights at the JCC for dance
lessons and a lot of laughs.
Singles don't feel shy. You are
welcome at the JCC. Partners are
f Sunday for Seniors con-
tinues to offer a wide variety of
programs every week at the JCC.
Your participation is welcome
every Sunday afternoon. Table
games are a staple of the
program. But there is nothing
square about the fun. Films,
speakers, rap sessions are the
order of the day.
t Comprehensive Senior Ser-
vice Center opens with a bang
... of a hammer, that is. We're
still fixing up and getting ready
for the grand opening. A bus has
been ordered to be paid for by the
Palm Beach Jewish Federation to
aid in transportation for
disadvantaged seniors. A little
bit of money is coming from a lot
of places. Basically the Gulf-
stream Area Council on Aging
helped the JCC put together a
program using Title III funds.
United Way has sent over their
top people, thanks to Dino Caras,
director. Al Irzyk, director of
information and referral sent
Fannie Simon over also. Soon
we'll have an Outreach worker to
make home visits and an RSVP
volunteer to interview volun-
teers. Meanwhile Jean Rubin, co-
ordinator of the program, and
Jeanne Sher, secretary to the
program, are busy decorating
and developing the services most
notably needed. Call 689-7703 for
any information. Free courses are
offered almost daily through the
cooperation of the adult edu-
cation division of the Palm Beach
County Board of Fducation. You
need not wait for an invitation.
Stop in today and give or get
whatever you need. The JCC is
ready to serve you.
Esther and Joseph Molat are
cochairpersons of the JCC Chai
Booster Membership Club. Any
Senior may join the JCC now for
$18. We need many tzadikkim to
help us do the work we have set
out to do. Don't be surprised if
the Molats call on you.
JCC Widow to -Widower
Workshop meets twice monthly.
Next meeting will be March 20,
Sunday at 7 p.m. Come and meet
others with common experiences.
Films, discussions and group
social activities are just part of
the program. All are welcome.
Wand and Body Gymnastics
for All Agea are taught at the
JCC Wednesdays at 7:30 p.m.
Jean Erde, class instructor,
believes in non-strenuous exer-
cising for better health. $10 for an
eight-week session. Sign up now.
For JCC Members Only:
Jean Rubin, (left) coordinator of the Comprehensive Senior
Service Center, shares the newest listing of "Chai" JCC
members with Esther and Joe Molat, chairpersons of the JCC
"Chai" Booster Club, in front of the Comprehensive Senior
The JCC will hold a 10-week
summer program for children
ages 3-12. Emphasis will be in the
creative and performing arts. Call
the JCC at 689-7700 if you have
not already received you Summer
Programs Coloring Book. Enroll-
ment is limited to JCC Family
members. Fees can be discussed
by calling Sue Levi.
t Sunday for Seniors features
a guest speaker in addition to free
backgammon lessons plus bridge,
canasta and gin rummy games
available. Steve Levitt, executive
director of JFCS will lead the dis-
cussion Sunday. March 13. All
seniors are invited to attend
beginning 1 p.m. at the JCC.
t Seniors coming soon
special trip to the Everglades.
Come in to the Comprehensive
Senior Service Center to sign up
or call Jean Rubin at 689-7700. to
express your interest.
# A special notice to every
Jewish person in Palm Beach
County to keep May 1 open to
celebrate Israel Independence
Day together with the JCC and
every Jewish organization at the
West Palm Beach Auditorium.
At this writing a parade, motor-
cade, booths, as well as a pro-
gram of music and dance, are
9 Attention Teenagers:
When the JCC host.
Prix Tennis TourZL". ,
Beach County the^S*1
". you will want taZl
keeping a record of "Zl
teen member who 52'
hours of volunteer Jj
the JCC. At the time
served as volunteer, S
trained as ball-boys and Z,
ushers and usheretteT'
Wayne today, 689-7700. '
Teenagers g0jng to
days in JeruSa.em Sa
w.Il give an intend
duction to the city which
heart of our people- fiv0 aT I
the Kibbutz N^resic^
(where you will exneri.^
depth the ecologyTC
geography of one area of
country), and extended
the Negev. Eilat, Tel :
Galilee and the Sinai. In a
three events have been pi
especially for our group -
tional weekend enjoying
hospitality with an
family; five days (again
Israeli high school j.,
through Gadna. the high
youth organization that pn
all Israeli youngsters tog*,,
the army; and two days at I
Maccabee games (the Je
Olympics) which will take i
Mornings for Toddlers fn
9:30 to 11:30 a.m. starts Ma
on Monday, Wednesday
Friday. Programs included
puppets, green thumb pn
storytime, music, cut and
and painting. Snacks'
provided. Enrollment is limiu
Call now for more information.
JEWISH COMMUNITY CENTER
of the palm beaches, inc
2415 Okeechobee Boulevard, West Palm Beach, Florida 334*'
B.C. Mum on Israel Payola
This JCC Youngster can handle cookies and crayons in the
after-school children's program. His name is Paul Simon.
By JOSEPH POLAKOFF
(JTA) The White House
has refused to discuss a
published allegation that
the Central Intelligence
Agency "provided large
sums to the Israel govern-
ment" for use in Africa.
The Israeli Embassy dis-
missed the report with a
In declining to comment,
deputy Presidential news
secretary Rex Grandum re-
ferred to the White House
statement in the King Hus-
sein case that Admin-
istration policy is not to
comment not to confirm
or to deny alleged covert
stories because if it did "the
operation no longer would
be covert." An Israeli Em-
bassy spokesman denied
the allegation, saying: "We
have never heard of such a
THE QUESTIONS arose after
the Wall Street Journal reported
that the CIA "played both sides
of the street in the Mideast" and
added: "While published reports
say the CIA has given millions of
dollars to King Hussein of
Jordan in an apparent effort to
strengthen relations with Arab
moderates, the Wall Street
Journal has learned that the
agency provided large sums to
the Israeli government."
It said the purpose of the
payments to Israel was to finance
"foreign aid" projects in African
nations "apparently" to bolster
"Israel's political standing on the
African continent." The period of
payments, it alleged, included
"at least the period" from 1964-
1968 and "perhaps beyond."
THE CIA paid Israel, the
Journal continued, total
estimated in the millions of
dollars. In the late 1960s it said
checks for several hundred
thousand dollars each were
frequently delivered by U.S.
government officials to the
Israeli Foreign Ministry in
"The money was then to be
channeled to the African recip-
ients," it said.
During the 1960s Israel began
to provide both military and
technical assistance to several
African nations, including
Uganda and the Central African
Republic, according to the article.
"ISRAEL HOPED to earn
both good will and specific
support from the African
recipients in voting on Mideast
issues in the United Nations,"
the paper stated.
"Nonetheless, most African
countries eventually came to
support the Arab cause
the early 1970s, they
breaking relations with Israel.
isn't known whether CM
payments to Israel have co
tinued since then," the Joun
Meanwhile, Israeli sources!
denied as "utterly without fo
dation" another report
that Prime Minister YiUh
Rabin engaged in unpr.
conduct during the 19"2
dential election. Discussing
Yadlin affair in Israel, financ
writer Elliot Janeway
mented in last Sur
"It is appropriate that Rabij
should be engulfed in an Isrttj
version of Watergate. He seen
to have learned nothing but i
gotten nothing from his own pa
ticipation in it during his tour ^
Washington. He accepted
probably met a jumbo-su
quota from CREEP (the Co
mittee to Reelect PreadeJ
Nixon) in defiance of all knows
standards of propriety, let *
Applications are being accepted for camp counselor
positions for the 1977 summer season at Camp sh^'f"v
Minimum qualification: must be entering tenth grade oy
^ Positions are available for CIT's, Junior Counselors.
Senior Counselors and specialists.
For information and applications contact Virginia
Coryn, Camp secretary, at the Federation office.
March 11, 1977
The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County
Israeli Beauty queen Visits pB
War Criminal I
Faces Deportation |
At left is Rina Messinger, Miss Universe 1976, from
Tiveon, Israel, speaking at the recent Special Gifts
Division Cocktail Reception for the 1977 CJA-IEF
Campaign, held at the Breakers. Below, Miss Messinger is
joined by Dr. Howard Kay (left) and Kenneth Scherer
(right), associate campaign chairmen and Alan L.
Shulman, general campaign chairman. Ms. Messinger said
that she hoped her title would bring honor to her country
and would help promote peace throughout the world.
Israel Must Disappear
The Palestine Liberation
Organization made it clear
I that it will not heed the
urging of Secretary of State
Cyrus Vance and others
that it change its covenant
|which calls for the replace-
ment of Israel and a single
democratic secular state in
|U of Palestine.
Farouk Kaddumi, head
of the PLO's political de-
I Partment, in an interview
|*ith Cairo's Al Ahram,
translated by the State De-
partment, denounced the
ca" for the terrorist
organization to amend "its
charter in such a way that
'twould guarantee Israel's
He declared, "How can
the West ask us to make
concessions while Israel re-
Ej*jI., to recognize the
President Anwar Sadat of
tgypt insisted that "We Arabs
! ready for peace now." He said
'.''should be the turning point
the Arab-Israeli conflict but
2">ed that "the United States
"uld use its utmoat power"
C n ethat end becau8e without
u-a. there was no chance for
Replying to questions on the
ABC-TV "Issues and Answers"
program, Sadat stressed his pro-
posed linkage between Jordan
and a Palestinian state, denied
emphatically that Egypt was still
receiving arms from the Soviet
Union and commented on Israel's
He said he hoped that coun-
try's general elections May 17
would pave the way for its full
participation in the Geneva peace
process. In order to reach peace
"we need a solid domestic
situation in Israel," Sadat said.
A $10 million lawsuit has been
filed against Howard Blum,
author of Wanted! The Search for
Nazis in America, his associates
in the preparation of the book
and the publisher
Quadrangle/The New York
Times Book Co., by Tscherim
Soobzokov, chief purchasing
inspector of Passaic County for
charges made in the book that
Soobzokov was a Nazi war
criminal, according to a report in
The Record of Hackensack.
Blum, who says he welcomes
the suit as providing an oppor-
tunity for him to prove his
charges, named Soobzokov as
one of the 59 ex-Nazis living in
the United States who have been
able to escape possible extra-
dition and prosecution for war
crimes because of laxness on the
part of the U.S. Immigration and
Continued on Page 14
ALBANY. N.Y. (JTA) -
Vilis A. Hazners, 71, a nationally-
p-ominent Latvian emigre,
denied in a U.S. Immigration and
Naturalization Service (INS)
court here that he committed war
crimes while an officer in the
Nazi-backed Latvian SS Legion
during World War II.
Hazners, who is facing
deportation proceedings, has
been accused of responsibility for
the deaths of an estimated
several hundred to 1,000 Jews in
Riga, Latvia, in July, 1941, the
Jewish Telegraphic Agency was
informed by Frederic U. Dicker, a
reporter for the Albany Times-
Union who first wrote an expose
on Hazners in the newspaper last
HAZNERS. who lives in
Dresden. N.Y.. is president of the
Committee tor a Free Latvia and
made broadcasts for the Voice of
Amerca in the 1960s, Dicker told
He is charged with entering the
U.S. from Germany in 1956 in
violation of the anti-war crimes
proviso of the Refugee Relief Act
of 1953. He was served with a
deportation notice on Jan. 28.
Dicker, in his investigative
report last November, wrote that
the accusations against Hazners
came from official present-day
Latvian publications and from
Dr. Gertrude Schneider, a Citv
University of New York pro-
fessor, Latvian history scholar,
survivor of the Riga ghetto and a
naturalized U.S. citizen.
DURING A visit to Latvia in
1971. Schneider, who had been
deported from her native Austria
to Latvia by the Nazis at the
beginning of World War II,
recalled a discussion with the
Latvian culture minister in which
he spoke of alleged atrocities
committed during the war by
persons now living in the U.S.
and mentioned Hazners.
THE DEPORTATION notice
states that Hazners participated
"in the collection of a group of
Jews in Riga and detaining them
in the Big Synagogue (Choral
Synagogue) on Gogol Street,
Riga, after which said synagogue
was set afire and the detained
Jews burned to death therein."
HAS JOINED THE
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It also means assistance to get
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Why not live it a try
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For further information or reservations see your travel agent
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The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County
I Levittown Censors Due for Court I
NEW YORK The American
Jewish Committee announced
this week that it would file an
amicus brief in a Levittown
(N.Y.) court case in support of
public school students who are
suing the District Board of
Education for removing a
number of controversial books
from the District's school
Samuel Rabinove, director of
the Committee's Legal Division,
disclosed the impending action at
a session of an all-day conference
sponsored by the National
Coalition Against Censorship.
The conference was held at Christ
AJC EXECUTIVE reported
that the school Board of the
Island Trees District, which had
taken the action, had said that
the books involved contained
"material which is offensive to
Christians, Jews, blacks, and
Americans in general."
Among the volumes which
were ordered removed were
Bernard Malamud's The Fixer,
Kurt Vonnegut's Slaughterhouse
Five, and Best Short Stories by
Negro Writers, edited by
In deciding to intervene in the
case, Rabinove declared, the AJC
feels strongly that Malamud's
novel is "a profoundly moving
account of how anti-Semitism
corrupts justice and ruins lives.
It is ludicrous that the Island
Trees School Board should
consider this Pulitzer Prize-win-
ning novel as supposedly of-
fensive to Jews."
Goldgraben Named to JFCS Post
Stephen Levitt, executive
director and Linda Kalnitsky,
president of the Jewish Family
and Children's Service recently
announced the appointment of
Irene Goldgraben, ACSVV, as
worker at the
and Spencer Gel-
lert on Feb. 16.
She is a specialist
in child and fam-
ily therapy. Goldgraben
Ms. Goldgraben has been
associated with a Home Health
Care Agency in Sarasota. Fla.,
prior to her joining the Jewish
Family and Children's Service's
staff. She has been affiliated with
the Jewish Community Service of
I.>ng Island from 1970 through
1975 and had been a staff social
worker for a community mental
health center in Brattleboro, Vt.
from 1968 through 1970. She is a
valedictorian graduate of
Castleton College in Vermont and
was the recipient of a master of
social work degree from the
University of Maryland-
Graduate School of Social Work
in 1971. She will be joining the
staff of the Jewish Family and
Children's Service in their newly
expanded quarters in West Palm
THE NATIONAL Coalition
Against Censorship, which
arranged the conference at which
the AJC action was announced,
includes the American Jewish
Committee and 25 other national
agencies concerned with the
dangers of censorship. Among
other groups in the Coalition are
the National Council of the
Churches of Christ in the U.S.A.,
the National Education
Association, the Newspaper
Guild, and the American As-
sociation of University Pro-
fessors. The Coalition encourages
its member organizations and
others to oppose restraints on
freedom of expression and the
suppression of ideas.
AMONG THE subjects
examined at the conference were
violence on television, the
desirability of the Federal Com-
munications Commission's Fair-
ness Doctrine, which obliges
broadcasters to present con-
trasting viewpoints on public
affairs issues, obscenity and its
regulation, and the problems of
negative ethnic stereotypes on
Participants included 125
representatives from the media,
educational institutions, religious
groups, civil rights
organizations, libraries, the legal
profession and public interest
7875 Blvedre Rd.. Wst Palm Boch. Fla. 33411
5 Day Program
4*.M NOON MONOAT 10*
rn m134 yr *m Kindergarten
CMMamtaaSar Oat. II. IW* ChMaMb*SbTDK.ll. H7
TaHiaa: S47.M m* Math TaMaa: US par ana*
Utk Na: $S u*. Ft. SI*
taantrariaa ha: U* laahtiat.aa SW
____________________4C1IP alOM THIS HM).------------
PW. a*..* m, chM th. It;.77 COMMUNITY PI! SCNOOl
Mf iWaaaiHiiiaaali aMlitiintaalaindmi.
Mail ta: COMMUHirr MM KNOW
laariri. I laaianaa a* Him iaad, Caaafy
2415 Oanchian afaif'
Wait Ma laach. Nan* itttt
50,000 Attend Funeral
of Hasidic Rabbi
JERUSALEM (JTA) -
Some 50,000 persons attended
the funeral service of the Hasidic
Rabbi of Gur, Rabbi Israel Alter,
who died here yesterday at the
age of 82.
The stream of people followed
the rabbi's bier from the
Orthodox Geula quarter through
East Jerusalem to the burial site
on the Mount of Olives. At the
rabbi's request there were no
ALTER HEADED the largest
Hasidic sect in Israel, with
branches in New York City,
I^ondon, Antwerp and other cities
with Orthodox Jews. His
followers, numbering in the tens
of thousands, were, however, the
decimated remnants of what had
been the largest Hasidic move-
ment in pre-Hitler Europe.
.The rabbi's first wife, children
and grandchildren were killed by
the Nazis. Alter, his aged father
and some other members of the
family managed to escape. The
rabbi remarried but had no
children with his second wife.
Sources close to the Gur
establishment said today that no
last testament has bepn f~ ,
signed by Alter desiStS*
ALTER BUILT an uhri.
modern belt midrash andhomek
one of Jerusalem's fttg
quarters, and this served as?h
focal point for his bearded black
clad followers who can be seen hi
their distinctive garb in all 0[
Israels main towns. w
the Aguda Party. Alter exercised
considerable indirect influenceh
Israeh politics, though
waned in his later years when he
became more secluded and less
involved in general affairs.
HE WAS consulted on per.
SOnKaii' financial "d other
problems by Jews of all shades of
Orthodoxy and all walks of life.
Twice a day he would receivt
people and the long queues
always represented a cross-
section of Israeli society -
alongside the "regulars" the
bearded Hasidim. Alter was
famed for his razor-sharp wit and
Fighting in Lebanon Again
TEL AVIV (JTA) Heavy fighting erupted betww
Christ urns and U-rrorists in southern Lebanon. Seven U'lwnese
Christians, including Phalangist militiamen and civilians.wen
admitted to the government hospital at Safad for treatment of
wounds. One PhalfUlgist died, and his body was returned lo
Lebanon through the open fence.
Perlecl for every
dlih; givai frash
maol oppaol to
run hwof and iDfl
| ilKm*... j ch.coflo 60632
DIST BY HI GRADE FOODS
SPECIAL PASSOVER PACKAGE FOR
OUR SOUTH FLORIDA FRIENDS
CHECK IN EARtY
APRIL 1 CHECKOUT
LATE APRIL 10
Services by Conlor Victor Gelb
ROOM AT ADJOINING
HOTEL. MEALS AT
OCEAN AT 43 ST MIAMI BEACH
Make this Passover
a warm celebration.
Take Eastern's Kosher tour to
Florida, Puerto Rico or Mexico.
It's a beautiful way to celebrate
Enjoy 10 or 11 days, April
1-11, in a luxury hotel of your
choice. Each hotel provides
three delicious Glatt Kosher
meals daily. Including two fully
conducted Seders. There are
specially planned activities your
children are sure to love. And
everything is done under strict
Orthodox Rabbinical supervision.
Choose the Florida sun-
shine and plan to stay at the
Diplomat in Hollywood. Prices
start at $525 to $695 plus
Or, if sunny Puerto Rico is
your preference, stay at the El
Conquistador in Las Croabas.
Prices from $549 to $739 plus
Or, choose Mexico and
stay at the Plaza International
or the Hyatt Regency in
beautiful Acapulco. Prices from
$509 to $719 plus airfare.
All prices are per person,
based on double occupancy,
April 1-11. Special lower rates
are available for children under
12 sharing a room with their
To reserve your Kosher
tour, and Kosher inflight meal on
meal flights see your travel agent
or call Eastern Airlines.
And make this Passover a
holiday celebration youll
remember long after it's over.
We've got the right time
and the right place for you.
"a*necr!Man a a regrsavad tamo* rmrt ol Eailern A* Una*. Inc.
The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County
A MMy Quk, tMMns your towwtodi* abowl Jwum-
Itm hat baan prepared In obearvanoe of the Tenth
Am^vwMry ef m flMinMoMen of lh cMv for into and
other mmmm paptf of th> American Jlah tom
Association by the Department of Education and
Cutturo of the American Section of tha WorM Zlontot
Pnpand by Tenter Qrmnd and Or A P Games ____^__
,.iom has been called by many names during ita long history.
are the Hebrew versions. What do they mean in English?
To what do the words Ir HaAtika refer?
\\ hk-h Arab country lies closest to Jerusalem?
What was Nehemia's role in the history of Jerusalem?
.... 0 was Ezra and what was his role in the period of the Second
|.... t is the reference of the following sentence: "Everyone with
neof his hands wrought in the work and, with the other, held his
Leapon: and the builders, everyone had his sword girded by his
iw about 250 years after Ezra and Nehemiah, Jewish life
I flourished in Jerusalem and Jews enjoyed autonomy until a Syrian
ruler desecrated the Temple. Who was he?
What happened as a result of the desecration of the Temple?
What Jewish hero was connected with this revolt? Of what
dynasty was he the founder?
What Jewish holiday commemorates the victory of the Mac-
PLEASE TURN AROUND FOR ANSWERS
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bpnf pajru sueauoiusBH Hd. A'iSBUAp ueauouisBH a\\jj -aaqeaaew
Up |6I .uu.ipu.xiapui juip uiaUaj oj tqtfnoi pus pai|OAaj sMar aqj,
|aj!||Bniuids pue .un'"j|ru qsiMap qsmHuiixa oj iqHnos pus |
ipauBjojdOq.w sauBqdid%j snqoorjuv ID aDUBpinS sqeiiuaqafvj
un onpmuaf jo s||B,\\ aqi jo Huip|inq aqi oj UOJOJ aauaiuas siqj,
inupaquns -"H PUB A*|q massy 1-:) >qi "
I uu|Bsnja'f puc puuq aqi jo tfurppnqaj aqi o( uoisuaunp |bjouj pus
fluids r paviaduij aq aquas b uoiibma A*f| C33H WZH qeiuiaqoN
DOW i:iiio|A<|By uioji uiapjsnjap o-\ paujniaj OJig (y| h\)H
Lniiko i)ljy aqi J a|ppim aqi inoqB uia|Bsnjap jo s|ibm aqi ppnqaj
[ub*i a|| it i uspjofici uia|Bsnjar jo aiij p|() aqi l?:i aansnf
|!J Mi"J.l. J" *1K) :*d 1 **Q P!ABCI J *13 *A"'!J MH Ul
sHa.ttsNv xis zinb
More tourists are visiting
(Kruger National Park)
(Home of the White Rhino)
...than ever before.
All these places are in
A world tour in one country.
For information, contact:
South African Tourist Corporation
610 Fifth Avenue
New York. NY.10020
Tel. (212) 245-3720
Fly South African Airways
747SP Direct from New York
on Friday and Saturdays.
SOUTH AFRICAN AIRWAYS
South African Airways
1100 Milam Street. Suite 1519
Houston. Texas 77002
Forum Series to Conclude With Dr. Sachar
Continued from Page 1
year there on a fellowship of the
National Endowment for the
Humanities, and in 1973 as
visiting professor at the
University of Tel Aviv.
His perspective of Jewish life
in America has been strongly
influenced by the Israeli ex-
perience. Dr. Sachar's comments
on Middle Eastern and Jewish
developments are periodically
taped via trans-Atlantic
telephone and are broadcast on
Kol Yisrael in Israel. He is also a
Kuest commentator for the Voice
of America, and is a frequent
lecturer at the National War
College and the National Defense
Dr. Sachar initially attracted
public attention in 1958. with the
publication of his first book. The
Course of Modern Jewish
Since that time he has
published numerous books on
Israel and the Middle East, his
more recent volume being A
History of Israel.
Dr. Sachar is currently a
professor of Modern European.
Middle Eastern, and Jewish
History at George Washington
Dr. Sherwin Isaacson,
chairman of the Forum Com-
mittee recently stated his ap-
preciation to all those who at-
tended the lecture series.
"We hope that the programs
were interesting and informative
and that the Jewish Federation of
Palm Beach County can continue
to bring to the community this
type of cultural program which is
so needed in the Palm Beaches,"
Dr. Sachar's lecture will begin
at 8:15 p.m. in Senter Hall, of
Temple Beth El, West Palm
Pictured with Dr. Charles Liebman (center), professor at Bar-
ium University in Jerusalem and guest speaker on the Feb. 27
Forum series are Dr. Dennis J. Tartakow (left), host for the
evening and Dr. Sherwin Isaacson, chairman of the Forum
Committee. Dr. Liebman discussed the Changing Nature of
OF PALM BEACH COUNTY
Make new friends at our social
functions. For information:
Surah 684-32:16 Morris -683-
THt Nt'A< MAGI
I n*rr Mrii't
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THE MOST MODERN 4 COMPLETE KOSHER SUPERMARKET
some things never change.
the undent traditions remain. generation aflef
generation. And today, v>e. observe Passover as our
forelalhers did thousands of vears ago.
Kor almost a century, the old fashioned good
ness of Manlschewltz has ushered in festive hull
day dinners in lewish homes all over America
i ins year, once again. MantwhewUx maim, geftite
fish, soup and other dHectahles will grace am
Treat your family and friends to a taste of tra
And have a good Passover!
Kor traditional goodness you can count on.
QUALITY JEWISH FOODS SINCE 5649
Produced uader strict Rabbinical auparvtalon ) Certificate on request
The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County
What Did Vance's Mideast Tour Accomplish?
By DAVID LANDAU
And GIL SEDAN
JERUSALEM (JTA) -
Secretary of State Cyrus R.
Vance, after his one-week, six-
nation swing through the Middle
East, has left the clear im-
pression here and apparently
also in the Arab states that
the months ahead will be a time
of intensive diplomacy aimed at
getting Middle East peace talks
under way before the end of the
The American time-table is
beginning to take shape. Vance
came to the Middle East with
invitations from President Carter
to the heads of state in the region
to visit him in Washington
during March and April. Prime
Minister Yitzhak Rabin is ex-
pected to go to the U.S. before
the middle of March, to be fol-
lowed by a succession of Arab
leaders. The avowed purpose of
these meetings with Carter is to
expedite the negotiating process.
VANCE SPOKE here of a
"Geneva-type" conference to
convene next fall. Asked what he
YOU CAN FIND IT ...HERE
CAMP SHALOM 1977
CAMP SHALOM IPre School, Elementary) 1
HHURN AT ONcfc TO CAMP OFFICE 1
Jewish Federation ol Palm Beach County
Please tnroll my child /children) in the summer day camp.
1 Child's Name Male G c I 'Rnlii Dai* i
Female L J
Name ol School ,., C,t**im in
2 Child's Name Male G r 'Ruth Date
Name ol School r.rH m $*pf '77
Parent's Nam** Phnne No
Artrlress Bus:ne Phone No
I wish to enroll my child (children) lor )si Period June 20 July 15 Q
Eiqht vveeks June 20 Aug 12 Q 2nd Period July 18 Aug.. 12 Q
I hereby apply lor admission ol my childlrenl to the day camp program ol the
Jewish Federation o* Palm Beach County
, r>ate .
Note Each cniid > Application m.ist be accompanied by isaymf.it ol Registration
& Activity lee. Chei fc pj. euii io Camp Shalom
7, 8 and 9tli graders
Please enroll my childlrenl
1 Child's Name
Namr ol School.
2 Child's Name .
Name ol School.
.Grade in Sept 77.
Female 1.!""th Date ,
. Grade in Sept.'77.
, Phone No ,
. Business Phona No
In the following prog'amis, 'please Chech !
7. 8 and 9th graders
NEW ENGLAND EXCURSION
1st Session June 29 July 12
2nd Session July 2.7 Aug 9
FEE S250 S20
MID WEST EXCURSION
IstSesson June 29 July 1 2 c
2'-rtSeiS'0n Ju'27 Aug 9 G
CALIFORNIA EXCURSION 9th Grade ONL'<
July 5 J. 29
FEE S630 S40
I nerfbv too v li adm.ssion ol my childlrenl to the Teen Travel Program of the
Je vsh Federation o< Palm Bead- County
Pa em Signature.
Note Each ch .d's application must be accompanied by payment ol Registration
ft Activity Cneck pavab to Camp Shalom
meant by "Geneva-type," he
replied, "You can call it what you
want." He appeared to be saying
that what matters is the sub-
stance of talks, not their form.
But observers here believe the
Secretary's choice of the phrase
"Geneva-type" reflected his
strategy for dealing with the
single major obstacle in the way
of Middle East peace talks the
participation of the Palestine
If the meeting is a "Geneva-
type" gathering rather than a
resumption of the Geneva con-
ference that briefly convened in
December, 1973, Israel may be
more amenable to some form of
PLO presence, the observers
IN CAIRO, Vance welcomed
President Anwar Sadat's latest
remarks favoring a Jordan-
PLO link-up before the Geneva
talks are resumed as a possible
means of bridging the gap
between Israel and the Arab
states over PLO participation.
Vance is believed to feel that
since Israel has always insisted
on a West Bank settlement
within the framework of ne-
gotiations with Jordan, it could
not object to Sadat's proposal.
Israeli reaction has been
ambivalent. On one hand, the
involvement of Jordan would
appear to negate the October,
19*4, Arab summit decision at
Rabat which designated the PLO
as the sole representative of the
Palestinians. At the same time,
however, the feeling here is that
Vance seems to be ignoring
Israel's unqualified opposition to
the establishment of a third state
between itself and the Hashemite
ISRAEL FEARS that such a
state, even if linked somehow to
Jordan, would be an irridentist
force seeking to expand at the
expense of both of its neighbors.
Israel would like to see the Pales-
tinian problem settled by the
creation of a Jordanian Pales-
tinian state with which it would
establish secure, recognized
These differences could become
a source of future friction bet-
ween Israel and the U.S. sources
For the time being, however,
Vance reiterated several times
during his brief stay in Israel
that as long as the PLO refuses
to recognize Israel's right to exist
and does not accept Security
Council Resolutions 242 and 338,
it cannot be a partner to the
THESE MATTERS were dis-
cussed at a Cabinet meeting.
Rabin stressed that relations
with the U.S. remain firm and
unchanged. He said Vance had
given him to understand that the
Carter Administration would
honor all political commitments
made to Israel by the Ford
The Prime Minister played
down Carter's reversal of Presi-
dent Ford's Dromino
Israel with coSSS>f'
said Israel should not S
move as a test of^i"
between the two countS S
stressed that continued unS
standing on the basic issues*,
the most important aspect nf
relations with Washington
American policy continues to
regard a strong Israel as a pr*
condition for any settlement!*
? "i.^108* that in'hit-1
talks with Vance he had me*
tioned the possibility of sun.
plying Israel with an alternative
to the concussion bombs
SIMILARLY, Rabin said US
, Kfirr.iet inte"*Ptors to
Ecuador did not indicate a
hardening of policy Z1JI
Israel. He said That" anS S
refusal of concussion bombs
reflected the new moral JJJ
American policy since the Carter
Administration took office.
Rabin said that Israel had
made clear to Vance that it would
not ve up defensible boSf
But^at this stage, no mapstr'e
El AI Awaits Decision
On Nassau Landing Rightd
Following the recent agreement with the government of Mexico
establishing landing rights for El Al Airlines in Mexico City, Israel's
airline has applied to the Air Transport Advisory Board of the
Bahamian government for landing rights in Nassau, thus creating a
new route to Tel Aviv via Mexico City, Nassau and Zurich.
If approved, the new route would be a faster, more direct route to
I srael from South Florida.
Although the hearing isn't scheduled- until sometime this month
sources in the Bahamian government anticipate the route to be ap-
proved a move that is expected to bring added tourist dollars to the
TRAIN A CHILD
in the way he should go, and when he is
old, he will not depart from it.
Jewish Community Day School of Palm Beach County, Inc.
2815 N. Flagler Drive West Palm Beach, Florida 33407
832-8423 / 4
Director: DR. SIDNEY SELIQ
The Jewish Community Day School la a BanafIciary Agency of tha Jewish
Federation of Palm Beach County.
Lfry, March 11.1977
The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County
March 21-30, during Phone-O-Thon you will be
asked to give a dime a day to meet the urgent needs
of Jews here in Palm Beach County and
the world over. Please say that you wall, or
Here's What Your Ten Cents
A Day Will Do:
t YOUR TEN CENTS A DAY will help provide a partial
scholarship, to enable a needy child to attend
Federation's Camp Shalom.
YOUR TEN CENTS A DAY will provide a daily hot meal
for a school child in Morocco for four months.
YOUR TEN CENTS A DAY will support a child in the
Federation's Pre-School for ten weeks.
YOUR TEN CENTS A DAY will provide a week's care for
an aged person living in a Malben home in Israel.
YOUR TEN CENTS A DAY will provide a partialI subsidy
for resident care at the River Garden Home for the Aged
YOUR TEN CENTS A DAY will provide a new immigrant
family in Israel with a month's subsistence grant to
help them in their initial resettlement.
YOUR TEN CENTS A DAY will help subsidize a con-
sultation and beginning treatment at the Jewish Family
& Children's Service, for a family in distress.
YOUR TEN CENTS A DAY will help support Jewish
student activities, through the state regional Hillel
programs, on college campuses.
YOUR TEN CENTS A DAY will provide two month's
care for an elderly person living in a JDC home in
YOUR TEN CENTS A DAY will purchase a copy of the
Torah, for a child's daily studies at the Jewish Com-
munity Day School.
The.Jewish Floridianof Palm Beach County
co-ordinated by the
Palm Beach County Rabb.nicol Council
iSabbmical f age
k devoted to discussion of themes and issues relevant to Jewish life past and present
UJA / Federation ShabbatA United Peoole
r Dr Willi.m U Gk..:.. .____________________________ r*V
By Dr. William H. Shapiro
Secretary Rabbinical Council
Palm Btach County
The National U.I A Shabbat
tails on Shabbat HaChodesh next
week. March lit Hopefully, the
rabbinate of Palm Heath County
will preach Bermona appropriate
to the occasion.
The Sadra of that week con-
cludes the Hook of Kxodus and
end with the recitation of the
words. Chasak. chasak.
V'nischuzake, "Let us be Strong
and let us strengthen one
another." It carries with it the
tradition of the continuation of
our common tasks as one united
Another important concept in
the Torah reading is that of
teruma, the voluntary gift to aid
in the building of the Tabernacle.
Everyone was invited to con-
tribute, each according to his own
conscience. In its modern con-
Dr. William H. Shapiro
text, teruma is a voluntary
contribution to the welfare of the
Jewish community. Each Jew
has the responsibility to share of
his means with his people.
The concept of leadership and
Hunch Klohim, The Godly Spirit.
is another major aspect of
Shabbat HaChodesh The
question of leadership arises
during the description of the
creation <>f the priestly garments.
Who are the leaders of the Jewish
community today? What are
their obligations and alter-
Any activity that contributes
to the strengthening of the
synagogue and UJA-Federation
relations enriches and sustains
the pace and vitality of our work
on behalf of the people of Israel,
our own communities and Jews in
need throughout the world. By
your participation in the first
Shabbat. you are forging another
link in the lifeline of spirit and
assistance which has made our
people truly one.
We stress the partnership
? ?Question Box? ?
By Rabbi Samuel J. Fox
Question: Why aren't the
Mallei Psalms recited on Purim
like they are on other holidays?
Answer: A number of reasons
are given for this omission. Ever
since the arrival of the Hebrews
in the land of Israel. Mallei is
recited only as a means of
thanksgiving for those miracles
that occurred in Israel.
The miracle which delivered
the Jews in the case celebrated on
Purim, having occurred outside
of Israel (i.e. in Persia), does not
call for the recitation of Mallei
Others claim that since the
Book of Esther (i.e. the
Meggillah) is read on Purim this
takes the place of Hal lei. What
greater praise is there for the
Almighty than to read and recite
the story of the miracle that He
provided for His people?
A third reason for eliminating
the Mallei on Purim is that the
beginning of the Mallei calls the
Jews "the servants of the Lord."
This means that they are entirely
redeemed from the bondage of
On Purim, even though the
Jews were saved from the op-
pression of Hainan they still
continued to live under foreign
rule and thus were yet under
some form of bondage.
Question: Why are the inter-
vening days characterized as
days of sadness?
the economy. In addition, the
pilgrims had to make sure to gel
back home and then return to
Jerusalem during this period,
making them tense in getting
their work at home done on time.
SYNOPSIS OF THE WEEKLY TORAH PORTION
"As soon as he saw the calf and the dancing .
Moses' anger waxed hot. and he cast the tables out of hit
hands" (Exod. 32.19).
KI TISSA The children of Israel were counted and each
man over 20 years of age contributed half a shekel as
"ransom." Bezalel. son of Uri, and Oholiab. son of
Ahisamach. were appointed to head the artisans who
made the Tabernacle and its vessels. The Israelites were
warned not to violate t he Sabbath day.
God gave Moses two tablets of stone containing the
Ten Commandments, written "with the finger of God."
However, to the impatient Israelites, Mooes seemed to Ik-
tarrying too long on the mountain. They made a golden
call, which Moses found them worshipping. In bis fury, he
broke the two tablets of the Law. The idolaters were killed
In the members of the loyal tribe of Levi. Moses prayed
successfully to God to spare t he children ot Israel despite
their backsliding. He ascended Mount Sinai again, and
there received a new set of stone tablets. When he
descended, "The skin of Moses' lace sent forth learns; and
Moses put the veil back upon his face, until he went in to
s|>oak with Him"(Exodus34.36).
(Th.!J?C^n,in9 ,h* **" Portion of the Law is extracted and K,
VZ"mrTtZ?r"?:C HiS,0ry J~'*h Merit.,." rtiM to? WolE
Tsam.r 15, pobhshod by Shengold The volum. ii avaiUW. at 75 M.Td.n
Answer: It was during this
period that 24.000 of Rabbi
Akiba's students died during the
Roman period. Also, there are
other tragic events which are said
to have occurred during this
There are some who claim that
even before this time, this period
was one of tension because it
comprised two basic harvest
seasons barley and wheat
which were staples of food and
' i'uM8nJ-rv";.al.8rS,,n,al P"1'1""*'"' Program in cx.peration I
. with UP V-( h. 5 and the Jewish Federation of Palm Head,
( ounty. Shown Sundays at 10:30 a.m.
Hosts Barbara Shulman and Steve Gordon.
MARCH ISGrace II..km Art
I .. MARCH 20-l)r Charles lael.n.an. prolessor from Mar Man
University in Israel. The Changing Nature of Israel-Diaspora '
existing between the Jewish
communities of the United States
and the community of Israel.
Partnerships among brothers are
not unusual and go back to our
Zebulon, because of its
geographic location and material
resources, was successful in
commerce and industry.
Issachar, on the other hand.
dwelt in tents. Its strength was
not,of worldly success but J
Pauling teach endi
brothers. Each tribe SJ5J
biBty to assist the other.
On the Shabbat, as on ShJ
throughout the year, m>7*
meaning and spirit of the Workl
which we are engaged aJi
to us and to our people.
Palm Beach County
1901 North Flogler Dove
West Polm Beach, Flor.do 33407
Rabbi Irving B Cohen
Sabbath services. Friday at 8:15
p.m. Saturday services 10 a.m.
TEMPLE BETH EL OF
P O Box 568
Boca Raton. Florida 33432
Rabbi Norman T Mendel
Sabbath services, Friday at 8:15
Moravian Church, 12th Ave and
Palmetto Park Rd Boca Roton
TEMPLE ETERNAL LIGHT
P.O. Box 3
Boca Raton, Florida 33432
Robbi Beniamin Rosayn
Sabboth services, Friday at 8 15
at Unitarian Universalisl
162 W Palmetto Park Rd
CONGREGATION BETH KODESH
2515N.E 2nd Court
Boynton Beach, Florida 33435
For information contact
Dr Sidney Roth, 732 5147
5348 Grove Street
West Palm Beach, Florida 33409
Rabbi Harry Z Schectman
Rabbi Emeritus Henry Jerech
Daily services at 8:30 a.m. and
Friday services at 8:30 a.m. and
5:30 p.m. Also at 8:30 p.m.
Sabbath services at 8:30 a.m.
and 5:30 p.m
TEMPLE BETH EL
2815 North Flagler Drive
West Polm Beach. Florido 33407
Robbi Asher Bar Zev
Sabboth services Friday ul 8 15
Saturday at 9 30am
Daily Minyan at 8 15 a.m.,
Sunday at 9 a m
TEMPLE BETH SH0L0M
315 North "A" Street
Lake Worth, Florida 33460
Rabbi Emanuel Eisenberg
Services, Mondays and Thursdays
ot 1:30 am.
Fndoy at 8:15p.m.
Saturday at 9 30 a m.
TEMPLE BETH DAVID
Sabbath services. Friday ot 8 pm.
10410 N Military Trail, Palm
Beach Gardens 321 Northlake
Blvd North Palm Beoch, Fla
Rabbi Hyman Fishman
Cantor Nicholas Fenokel
TEMPLE BETH SH0L0M
N W Avenue "G"
Belle Glade, Florida 33430
Stotsman, lay leader
Sabbath services. Friday at 8 30
TEMPLE B'NAI JACOI
275 Alemedo Drive
Polm Springs, Florida 33460
Sabbath services, Friday at B
Saturday at 9 am
Mondays and Thursdays at 9 a m
Services held at Foilh United
Presbyterion Church, Palm
P O Box 2306
Boca Raton, Florida 33432
Rabbi Nathan Ze1
Sabbath services Friday at 8 15
2nd and 4lh Saturdays ai 30
< i m
1775 N.E. 5th Ave
Boca Raton, Fla
Meets ot Methodist Fellowship
342 N Swinton Ave Delray
For information, coll Mr. Henry
Bloom, 499 1384
190 North County Rood
Palm Beach. Florida 33480
Rabbi Max I Forman
Cantor David Dardoshti
Sabbath services, Friday at 8*
Saturday at 9 a m
The.Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County
Just What is Breira Really?
Rabin imposes this
on the Palestinian
Continued from Page 4
Lb5S cannot protect themselves
enough for a sufficient
^ounTof time They shou.d
insider this carefully.
.We will show the Jewish-
.merican ruling class how ex-
'me|v vulnerable they are here
RE" belly of the beast. Their
fves will be in grave jeopardy if
We call on all comrades to
uove directly against all Jewish-
American ruling class blood-
suckers if Rabin moves to mas-
sacre freedom fighters. These
ruling class dogs are influential
both here and in Israel and are
THE GEORGIA Congress-
mans plea for federal anti-
terrorist legislation apart, he
makes a telling point which em-
phasizes the lunacy of terrorist
retaliatory fanaticism, and that is
that "many Jews are not
Zionists, and many Zionists are
The chilling reality here is that
terrorist organizations such as
the NWLF make no such subtle
If there is a lesson to be learned
[rom Hep McDonald's warning,
Eis that, as Jews, we fail to make
these distinctions among our-
jljves, too. and that our own
Ultra to do so can be just as
potentially disastrous to us as is
the NYV1.I 's refusal to define
who they believe are Jews, who
are Zionists and who are both.
IN ANOTHER Congressional
Ifieoin/ report, McDonald makes
Ireference to the presumably dov-
ish lirfira as an outfit '"which
I pretends to be a Zionist organiza-
tion but which in fact is a support
Ipoup for the Soviet supported
IPI.O' This is a breathtaking
I charge if he tan substantiate it.
We have come, in recent weeks,
I to know of the international war
[that the Jewish Defense League
j has declared on Breira for its
I willingness to come to a rapid ac-
commodation over the occupied
territories in fact so super-
compliant that it may well
jeopardize a more realistic ac-
The process is an eroding one.
It plays on the apparently
respectable sectors of political
public opinion, including Jewish
pressures, to accept peace at any
price and what some in sober
moments might consider more a
sell-out than an accommodation.
WE HAVE seen elements of
this war here in South Florida,
with the appearance at the Uni-
versity of Miami of Gen. Matti
Peled, who is by now an
acknowledged instrument of the
Washington-based Institute for
Policy Studies (IPS) and the
American Friends Service Com-
mittee, a favorite IPS watering
place, where Peled spoke earlier
this month in behalf of some
nerve shattering of his own.
The point here is that neither
the American Friends Service
Committee nor the Institute for
Policy Studies ever speaks nearly
so well of Israel as it does of PLO
The point also is that Gen.
Peled's appearance at American
Friends Service Committee and
Breira forums is increasingly cal-
culated to encourage contempt
for what Breira particularly has
come to call the "American
Jewish Establishment." All that
is missing are the NWLF's
favorite words, "pig" and "mad
AU copy from organizations
and individuals must be
submitted to the Federation
Office no later than 12 days
Monday) prior to publication
every other Friday).
Articles of current events
nd activities should be 150
*ords or less, typewritten,
double-spaced with pictures
dearly and properly identified.
together with the name of the
person submitting the story,
address, phone number and
Mme of organization.
Photos should be 5"x 7",
black-and-white glosay, and of
*>d quality. Charges will be
made for photo engravings.
The paper reserves the right
Mail material to:
w*t P.bn Beach, Fla. 33409
IN THE end, neither Peled nor
Breira can any longer be seen as
an internal Israeli sectarian
struggle involving an honest
difference of opinion over the
spirit of compromise.
More likely, they appear to be
precisely what Georgia's Rep.
McDonald brands them both as
being: "a 'Jewish operation' co-
ordinated in the United States
through Breira designed to split
away traditional support for
Israel; and an Arab operation'of
U.S. revolutionary Marxists long
in direct contact with the PLO
terrorists such as the Middle
East Research and Information
Project (MERIP), The Palestine
Solidarity Committee (PSC) and
These parallel terrorist support
campaigns, as McDonald sees
them, "come together in the
Institute for Policy Studies .
which in its many projects and
scenarios for revolutionary
change has never excluded the
role of violence and which has
members of terrorist organiza-
tions on its domestic and foreign
PRINCIPAL among these
groups and leaders is Gen. Peled
who, McDonald opines, "has
been meeting with the PLO
terrorists and urging support for
As Jews, it is increasingly
clear, we must begin making dis-
tinctions among our fellow Jews,
be they former Israeli generals or
not, particularly when the New
World Liberation Front and
other terrorist organizations
refuse to do so. It may be hard for
us to come to grips with the
notion that some JeWs would care
to do Israel or other Jews harm.
But they are Jews in name
only; if not outright Com-
munists, they are hardly Zionist
either, and we must be prepared
to know them for what they are.
McDonald's evidence seems
fairly substantial in these
matters, and if he is right, the
fat's long in the fire, and the
burnings are about to begin.
I Nazi's Scripts are Taboo I
NKW YORK (JTA) Radio Liberty, the federally funded
radio station that broadcasts to the Soviet Union, will stop
buying scripts from an alleged Nazi war criminal. Sig Mickel-
son. president of Radio Liberty, said.
In ;i letter to Rep. Kdward Koch (D.. N.Y.). who last week
demanded thai Congress investigate Radio Liberty for using
scripts supplied by ;i suspected Nazi war criminal. Mickelson
wrote th;it the station will stop buying any more scripts on
Lutvian life from Vilas Hazners. 71. a prominent Latvian
emigre living in upstate New York, who is aCCUBed of complicity
in the killings of several hundred Jews in and around Riga.
Latvi;i (luring World War II.
The disclosure on the connection between Hazners and \iai\ 0
[Jberty was made after a deportation hearing was held la t
week in Albany by the Immigration and Naturalize i ion Service.
Discover Brazil now.
Before everybody else has.
As the years goon. Brazil will become more and more popular.
And people will probably say it just isn't what it used to be.
So we suggest you fate advantage oi those beautiful beachfront hotels
soon. Ik-fore they're overrun.
And Rids famous wide open beaches.Copacabana and Ipanema. Before
And those quaint out of-t he-way gourmet restaurants. Before they're
And those incredible Inns on gems. furs, and leathers. Before they cost
the same at home.
Pan Am has group and individual tours leaving Miami. So you can see
Bra/il now. While it's still "what it used to he."
Your trip includes round trip GIT economy air fare, ground transporta
tion between the airport and your hotel, and tips. And baaed on double occu
nancv. 6 nightsat the Intercontinental' I lotel on Gavva Beach.
Your trip also includes a welcome cut kt.ul. a Brazilian style breakfast
every morning, and \ halt dav sightseeing tups
lb Pctropolis. summer mountain resort and lionicol Brazil's last
emperor, lo the famous beaches of l.eblon. Ipanema. and (lopacahana. And to
the tropical forest ot Ttjuca. Coreovado Mountain. .iikI i able ar tickets tor
Sugar l.oat. Kios most spectacular view point
lo help vou get the most ot Kio. we'll give VOU Pan Ams guide to Bio. a
niapol Kio. and a list ol suggested restaurants.
Ask your travel agent tor Pan Ams Kim Uwi/ei / Kin. PA 11 *IO.
Rio, Caracas, Buenos Aires,
Your trip includes round trip GIT economy, air laic, all ground transpnr
I,it ion and tips. And based on double occupant \. I i nights in deluxe hotels in
Kio. Caracas, and Buenos Aires
Your trip also iiu hides a well onie it* ktail in eat hcily. i out mental
breakfast in Caracas and Buenos Aires And Brazilian style breaklasi in Kio
As tor sightseeing, in Caracas you'll visit Plaza Bolivar, the Pantheon
(where Boln.u is buried), the Cathedral and the (.apitol building. In Buenos
Ams. yuull experience some Argentine country life ith a ranch tout, bar
heuue. and typical folklore show.
And in Kio. Sugar l.oat b\ table car. Con uvadu Mountain.'I i|iu ,i lorcsi.
and a trip to the hew Ins are planned.
Ask \our travel agent lor Pan Am's.S
Although these are group lours, indi\ iilu.il lour departures are also
available at higher prices.
Wi.-i//./. i i
Americas airline to the world.
See your travel agent.
A' tour is based on round trip Gl r economy air tare tor croups ot It) or mon-on selet led depart uft* dales Sunlit Ami rioin Aumi is based
tnCTTvcononn ail larelorgwupsol more on seated departure dates. \\e help u.u joinagmup It a group is not formed we try tourrangean
"' j | -n'.ij.,,, |r n/,.,-tl'.i\itt / A'." tour and in kcts tot c< mih Ann iu.ni A ii.ui must he purchased at least 7 days in ad\ ante. Departure taxes
iVsVofJ lor die U v. S ; VI lor Brazil. anJSI.H) '"r Argentina are not included m the price
The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County
By Own Policies
WASHINGTON The bitter
arctic storms subsided a bit last
week, but the legacy of this
winter's critical natural gas
shortage already has been
written in the cumulative agony
of a nation defeated by itself.
The ravages of the cold wave
have not created the pioneering
spirit Americans have always
depended on for the courage and
determination needed to fight a
common foe. Rather, like the
Arab oil embargo of 1973, the
wild greed of some of this
country's major industries helped
the weather defeat us.
LIKE PREHISTORIC men
and women denied the kindling
for firewood, we huddled in our
homes without heat as the
weather struck with little war-
ning, overcoming the most
sophisticated technology known
to man. But the weather was not
a completely common enemy.
Though most Americans suf-
fered, others gleefully watched
their profits soar beyond all
The Federal Power Com-
mission now has evidence that oil
and gas companies are holding
back the production of vast
natural gas reserves. The com-
mission recently completed a
confidential one-year in-
vestigation of natural gas
found that the oil and gas
combines have deliberately
delayed the production of natural
gas *>der the Gulf of Mexico.
Evf major oil and gas com-
pr -says the FPC study, is
ho .g back some production.
There are seven trillion. 300
billion cubic feet of known gas
reserves under the Gulf of
Mexico. The oil companies want
to preserve much of this for
future years, -hen the price will
be even higher.
The commission confined its
year-long investigation just to
the offshore gas that has already
been committed for delivery. The
investigators found that the
companies could get much more
of this gas to the market faster, if
they wanted to. This would
provide all the gas that should be
neeaed to ease the current crisis.
IN OTHER WORDS, there is
no gas shortage at the suppliers'
end of the pipelines. The shortage
is all at the customers' end.
The study charges that Amoco
has failed to drill a well in one
offshore reservoir. That untapped
gas alone amounts to 17 billion
cubic feet. The study also
identified two other large gas
reserves, which Texaco is keeping
out of production until 1981. One
of the reservoirs, known as
Lighthouse Point, contains more
than 100 billion cubic feet of gas.
The study also alleges that
Mobil is holding back the
production of more than 32
billion cubic feet of gas. Both Su-
perior Oil and Union Oil, says the
study, also could increase
Many congressmen are fed up
with the oil companies that are
hoarding natural gas. They're
also furious with the Federal
Power Commission for ignoring
the problem so far. In des-
peration, they are pressuring
White House energy czar James
Schlesinger to take some
The congressmen are par-
ticularly angry at Gulf Oil for
failing to live up to its contract.
Gulf promised plenty of gas to
Texas Eastern, a pipeline that
serves many northeastern states.
But for the last five years, Gulf
has cut back its deliveries to the
This has forced many factories,
schools and offices to dose down.
Rep. Andy Maguire (D., N.J.)
has written an angry letter to
Schlesinger about the matter..
The letter was signed by all the
congressmen from states that the
pipeline serves. The angry
missive charges that the Federal
Power Commission has been
"grossly negligent" in enforcing
ALS: The great oil, munitions
and industrial combines have
become governments unto them-
selves. They have their own
foreign service, intelligence
apparatus, secret codes and other
governmental trappings. So
great is the economic power of
these multinational, multibillion -
dollar consortiums that they
have become a separate world
power. Their representatives
actually assemble occasionally to
discuss on a world scale how best
to promote and protect their
or "third World" nations in
particular want to establish more
control over the giant conglom-
erates that milk the world's
natural resources for profit.
The United Nations, under
pressure from numerous Third
World members, is considering a
code of conduct for the multi-
nationals. But the United States
has paid only lip service to the
| We have obtained a con-
idential Treasury Department
eport that praises the jumbo
:orporations. The report calls
hem "a positive force in the
dobal economy." The Treasury
document also claims that the
multinationals are "transferring
capital and other resources to
where they can be most ef-
ficiently used and spreading
wealth throughout the world."
The Treasury Department op-
poses any United Nations control
over the giant corporations. The
confidential document declares
that "we should not support
general international codes of
conduct that are legally binding
because their provisions would be
THE DOCUMENT also adds
that the State Department agrees
with Treasury's position, but the
bureaucrats at State realize their
uncompromising opinion has "a
tendency to backslide under
pressure of international
Meanwhile, governments may
rise and fall. Wars may shake the
world, but the dividends keep
pouring in to the multinational
MUSKIE'S MAD: The tall.
ambling Lincolnesque senator
from Maine, Edmund Muskie,
has written an angry confidential
letter to the White House.
What'8 got the Democrat so
worked up are proposed cuts in
the budget of the Environmental
Protection Agency. This is the
agency that is supposed to
control pollution, pesticides,
toxic substances, factory waste
and drinking water.
Yet, Muskie said the agency
doesn't have the manpower to
enforce the antipollution laws.
For example, the new budget has
no money for clean lakes. The
logic behind the cutbacks,
Muskie grumped, seems to be "if
we don't know how bad things
are, then perhaps the furor
for environmental efforts will die
PLO Repeats: Israel Must Disappear
Continued from Page 7
"It is evident from the reports
of the California police that Arab
students in America have or-
ganized themselves into a pro-
PLO underground which must be
investigated by the Admin-
istration and Congress," said
Rabbi Joseph P. Sternstein,
president of the Zionist Or-
ganization of America.
Rabbi Sternstein cites recent
reports from California that Arab
students have been sys-
tematically cheating American
insurance companies to raise
money which some believe has
been given to the PLO terrorist
movement, urged the Admin-
istration and Congress to con-
duct a thorough investigation
and to "expel any who are found
guilty of violating American
Former Israeli Prime Minister
Golda Meir labels the United
Nations "a tragedy" and charges
that "the Arabs, the Moslems
and the Communist bloc rule the
Mrs. Meir states that peace in
the Middle East "depends on the
Arabs and it depends on the
world. But," she declares in the
current (March) issue of Ladies'
Home Journal, "the world is
giving in to terrorism. It is giving
in to oil."
Mrs. Meir was interviewed in
Israel last October by Julie
Nixon Eisenhower for Mrs.
Kisenhower's forthcoming book,
Special People. During the inter-
view, when Mrs. Eisenhower
referred to the inability of the
United Nations to counter
terrorism as "a joke." Mrs. Meir
"A joke? It is a tragedy. Not a
joke. The UN is a tragedy. There
sits the world. The Arabs, the
Moslems and the Communist
bloc rule the world. They can
pass anything they want to. And
what shocks me most is that the
free world just abstains."
City of Hope Dinner
Temple Emanu-EI Sisterhood-Board
B'nai B'rith Women-Mitzvah Council
Israel Bonds Ball
JEWISH FEDERATION-COMMUNITY FORUM
DR. HOWARD H. SACHAR
Women's American ORT-Palm Beach-Board
United Order True Sisters-Regular and Board
Temple Israel Sisterhood
B'nai B'rith Women-Boynton
Women's American ORT-North Palm Beach-Board
B'nai B'rith Women-Medina-Board
City of Hope-Board
Congregation Anshei Shalom Sisterhood
B'nai B'rith Women-Menorah-Board
B'nai B'rith Lodge-No. 2939
Women's American ORT Day
Labor Zionist Alliance
Temple Beth Sholom Sisterhood-Board
Jewish War Veterans Auxiliary
National Council Jewish Women-Okeechobee Unit
American Jewish Congress-Dinner
Women's American ORT-Evening-Board
Temple Beth El Social Sets
B'nai B'rith Women-Tzedakah
Israel Bond-National Dinner
Temple Beth Shalom-Men's Club
Temple Beth El-Concert
Temple Israel-Young Adults Picnic
Labor Zionist Alliance-Board
Jewish Family and
Jewish Community Center-President's Council
Temple Beth El-Executive Board
Temple Beth El Sisterhood
Pioneer Women-Golda Meir-Board
National Council Jewish Women
WOMEN'S DIVISION-$1,000 minimum luncheon
American Jewish Congress-Board
Women's American ORT-Region Board
Jewish Community Center-Executive Board
at Temple Beth El
2815 No. Flagler Dr., W.P.B.
Rabbi Asher Bar~Zev and Cantor Paul Zim|
Who will conduct Religious Services in Freod Sanctuary
OF PALM BEACH COUNTY
Hi* Telephone Number I*
SAT. M'Kll. 2...I : ,,.,.
SIN M'Kll. 3rd 9:M an..
><1 7:00 p. in.
MOV M'Kll. HI, :30 a ,
KMI. M'Kll. (HI. II I." ,, ,
SAT. M'Kll <;il, >> m ., ,
.ml (.ill ,,.,
SI V M'Kll. Kill, 9:30 ... nk..i>
Cantor Paul Zim Will Chant
SERVICES IN THE MORNINGS
SUNDAY AND MONDAY APRIL 3rd & 4th
SUNDAY APRIL 10th
PVSSOVF.R SHI MUM IN SENTER II M.I
I'll H'MOD WD SERVED W\ A
SAT. M'Kll. i.d AM \>
SI \ M'Kll :t,,l 7:30 c
l>i SEDER II..H.I...II 940.00 NO.VMKMHr.R
1.15.00 K)K MEMBERS
2m4 SEDER DmialioM 135.00 \<>\ Ml MliHt
130.00 MIR MEMBERS
Non-member* may obtain Tickets for these four services by
Donating $10 to Temple Beth El
M.hI (li.-,k f... SrtfariM jml Srrriret i<> TIMI'I.K BETH K.I. IBIS N- r'laplrr. ''
^.^^^Jll^I^^J^iL1'' A'"-|''-'l <> \ rir>l (....... Kifl Srm-d IUi>.
The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County
}adat: Illusionist of Eeonomie Miracles
, President Anwar Sa-
^onomic concept to bring
, out of its present swirl
.nine: he wants to bring
Z Western capital and
* petrodollars, foreign ex-
.and skilled Egyptian
nwer for the development of
I economy that needs botai
'^eiy as the desert needs
J But his idea is not without
E is only one of them.
# "economic opening
, the new and former
, utter after 25 years of
Dine a low profile) the chance
' back euphorically into
,ss. Especially in the
ty market. Rents of many
i and apartments offered to
ien firms have quadrupled
L the past couple of years. A
Liable furnished apartment up
[$2,000, with key money often
Lni'ng into several thousand
JrHIS HAS naturally meant
at the discrepancy between the
Suent and the rest is again
pidlv widening with all that
iv portend for political
Cbility. It is widely agreed by
plomats in Cairo that Sadat
List improve the lot of the
Binary Egyptians soon or
fv a possible upheaval. "The
of the economy is wagging
dog of Sadat's diplomacy."
' one Western ambassador.
to.senses a restlessness among
irkers in ihe capital. Wages are
eroded by "imported"
Nation, which is running at
|0ne pointer to the problem is
Egypt vast army of civil
\am- is, possibly l<>r the first
ne in the history of any
uniiv railing on the govern-
|rnt In freeze prices rather than
hup their salaries to keep up
| For ibis I hey will doubtless get
blessing of Abdel Moneim
IftBOUni. who was recently
nj|;hi mid Sadat's cabinet as
H>uty premier in charge "I eco>
at and financial affair*. A
chairman ol tl \rah
lUmational Hank. Qaiaaouni
often called i he father of the
jnsini Kgyptian economy.
uinally, he as a driving force
nlnd Vi-s.t's "Egyptian-
lion" program and Inter the
Mbnalizat ion laws.
UK WAS tor some time
(lamed Ini the country's lengthy
ukI ill economic isolat inn Hut.
turn meed I hat Kgvpt is ready for
Imw system, he has contributed
ihe present concept of the
His major task at the moment
rescheduling Kgypt'a debts
broad, which are estimated in
Ihe region ol 81S billion in-
cluding S8 billion in military
Expenditure An international
onference is expected to be
lied by Egypt in Paris in the
ming weeks to consider
wnedies for ihe country's multi-
pllkm dollar headache. *
Financial experts from the
United Stales. Japan and several
Patera Kurnpean and Arab
plates have been invited to the
pconomic summit, first suggested
|orne three years ago.
While the Egyptians may get
some joy from their Western
creditors, the story is different
with the Soviet bloc.
Negotiations with Moscow,
Cairo's biggest creditor, are still
running into difficulties. A
meeting between Egyptian For-
eign Minister Esmail Fahmy and
his Soviet counterpart, Andrei
Gromyko, on neutral ground in
the Bulgarian capital, Sofia,
recently ended in a deadlock.
"The Russians will never
forgive us for telling them to get
out of Egypt after the 19T3 war
with Israel," said an Egyptian
EGYPT'S DEBT problems
have not, however, prevented
Cairo from obtaining massive aid
from Washington. The United
States is expected to give in the
region of $2 billion to Egypt over
the next two years. But already
the question being asked by
officials in Washington is: will it
be used correctly?
There are fears that non-
military assistance may fail
because of hasty planning, man-
power shortcomings at
managerial level and. inevitably,
"mini-I^ockheeds." One State
Department official involved in
the Egyptian aid program
remarks that there are enough
safeguards to make possible cor-
ruption "a trivial problem." But
already the Egyptian press is
preoccupied with what it
euphemistically terms "diver-
Most of the aid is being
channeled to long-term industrial
development projects and
modernization programs. One
example is the modernization of
the El Misr spinning and
weaving plant at Mahalla.
Textiles play a large part in
Egyptian exports. The El Misr
factory, built in the days of
British imperial presence, is so
outmoded, say experts, that its
output per man hour is one-tenth
that of an American textile plant.
ANOTHER OF Sadat's head-
aches is that even with massive
U.S. aid, long-term indus-
trialization projects are not going
to work out unless Egyptian
talent is wooed back. The cream
of Egypt's managerial, pro-
fessional and technical talent has
been exported. It has been ex-
timated that 10 percent of really
qualified Egyptians are working
abroad. Many young professional
people left during Nasser's
"Egyptianization" program, but
may be lured back of al-infitah
gets off the ground.
An aspect of the aid program
that worries U.S. experts is that
it places too much emphasis on
industry and not enough on agri-
culture. Egypt's population, now
nearing 40 million, cannot feed
itself and must use much of its
precious foreign exchange for
food imports. But, for their part,
the Egyptians are optimistic. Dr.
Morssy Saad El-Din told To the
Point that the government has
fewer qualms today about
feeding the population.
One promising side to al-
infitah is that it has lured the
international oil companies back
to Egypt. Will the country be
able to join the kings of the oil
exporting club? The answer will
come within eight years.
BY THEN more than $530
million will have been spent on
exploration in the country by 24
companies. For many of them, it
will be a return to old pastures
vacated with the advent of
Nasser and nationalization in the
Now the feeling among oilmen
is that Egypt under Sadat is the
most secure of all the Arab
states. They have confidence in
Labor Faces Uphill Struggle
By YITZHAK SHARGIL
And GIL SEDAN
seized upon the paper-thin
41-vote margin by which
Prime Minister Yitzhak
Rabin defeated Defense
Minister Shimon Peres for
the Labor Party nom-
ination Feb. 23 as a sign
that Labor is hopelessly
divided and will enter the
May 17 elections in a
Most Laborites, on the
other hand, insisted that
the party now stands
united behind Rabin and
will receive a new mandate
from the electorate at the
RABIN RECEIVED 1,445
votes, and Peres got 1,404 votes.
But some Peres supporters took a
dim view of the future. Former
Defense Minister Moshe Dayan
said, "I am sorry about the out-
come, but I am sorrier about the
effect this decision will have on
the outcome of the general
elections." Former Foreign Min-
ister Abba Eban, a strong Peres
supporter, said that "Rabin won
because a desire for change was
interpreted as a dismissal."
BUT LIKUD leader
Menachem Beigin declared that
"Mr. Rabin did not gain the real
confidence of his party" Likud
campaign chairman Ezer
Weizman indicated that Rabin
will be Likud's prime target in
the election race.
"The Labor Party has elected a
candidate for the Premiership
who reflects its own image: color-
less and without imagination,"
Former Interior Minister Yosef
Burg of the National Religious
Party said that Rabin's narrow
margin indicated a difficult
period for the Labor Party. He
expressed doubt that the party
can unite around Rabin. Prof.
Yigal Yadin, leader of the New
Democratic Movement for
Change, said Rabin's precarious
victory "reflects a deep crisis
within the Labor Party that will
show up on election day."
BUT NAFALI Feder, political
secretary of Mapam, expressed
satisfaction with the outcome
which, he said, makes it possible
to preserve the Labor Alignment.
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"I believe Rabin will lead the
Alignment to victory in the elec-
tions, and he will form the next
Cabinet," Feder said. A
spokesman for Gen. Ariel
Sharon's new Shlomzion move-
ment said the Labor convention
"proved to the people in Israel
that this is the same party, the
same alignment which continues
the same policies, the same
system and the same in-
A spokesman for the leftist
Moked faction said "Rabin's
election was prefereable to Peres,
but the narrow margin means
that Rabin (Foreign Minister
Yigal) Allon will continue to
make policy according to Rafi
(Peres' faction) concepts which
does the work for Likud."
MEANWHILE, there is a
feeling of uneasiness among some
" Peres supporters that they may
face reprisals for having chal-
lenged the incumbent Prime
Minister. Rabin said at a press
conference after his victory that
he intended to include Peres in
his next Cabinet with an "im-
Transport Minister Gad
Yaacobi, who also favored Peres,
observed that the latter is still
the second strongest man in the
party. Tourism Minister Moshe
Kol of the Independent Liberal
Party said the results "indicate
the democratic contest in the
Labor Party which must now face
the difficult problems that the
But he refused to commit
himself as to which portfolio will
be entrusted to Peres. The De-
fense Ministry which he now
heads is one of the senior Cabinet
posts and there are few others of
equal rank that he could fill. The
group that supported Peres said
it would not disband.
"We have to meet, discuss and
decide on ways and means so that
we are not hurt for supporting
Peres. We have to make sure that
no one is hurt for supporting
Peres," a spokesman for the
him. The Sinai oil fields are back
in Egyptian hands less an
estimated 400 million barrels
pumped out by the Israelis
and there are promising new
prospects, especially in the Suez
Gulf. Egyptian reserves have
recently been put at 3.9 billion
barrels, with much vaster quan-
tities of untapped gas. Of all
potential investors, it is in the
oilmen that Cairo has been most
interested. The agreements with
all the companies except one
50-50 deal with Petrobras are
based on the Indonesian model:
the foreign oil companies finance
all exploration and development
costs and undertake to spend a
given amount on exploration over
a period of up to 12 years.
But if a major strike is made,
the Egyptian General Petroleum
Corporation will step in to pay
half the production costs. A joint
company has a contractual life
span of up to 30 years.
WITH THESE arrangements,
Egypt hopes to pump out one
million barrels a day by 1980.
And this is not over-optimistic
according to recent, reliable
reports. By the end of the decade,
predicts former petroleum min-
ister Ezzedin Hilal, "Egypt will
become an oil exporter of some
consequence." If Sadat is looking
to an oil-rich future, he is also
equally interested in promoting
the much-publicized duty-free
industrial zones along the re-
opened Suez Canal. But at the
moment there are few takers in
the international business arena.
For while they are interested in
the "economic opening" there is a
general complaint about profit
Yes, foreign capital can be
taken out of Egypt by investors.
But at the same exchange rate as
it was taken in which, over a
long-term period, makes a sub-
stantial difference. This is
another of Qaissouni's immediate
problems. And there is every sign
that the anomaly will be removed
by amendments he is now
Mow far the Egyptians will go.
both economically and dip-
lomatically, remains to be seen in
the months ahead. Sadat is aware
that the more foreign investment
he can attract, the less the pos-
sibility of another conflict across
the Suez. If he succeeds in the
months ahead. 1977 will be the
Year of Sadat. I fhe fails, Egypt's
open door policy may close for
some years to come and Sadat,
too. may find himself locked out.
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is responsible for three million people.
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