Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County

Material Information

Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County
Uniform Title:
Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County (Palm Beach County, Fla. : 1975)
Portion of title:
Jewish Floridian
Place of Publication:
Miami, Fla
Fred K. Shochet
Creation Date:
December 3, 1976
Physical Description:
8 v. : ill. ;


Subjects / Keywords:
Jewish newspapers -- Florida ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Palm Beach (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Palm Beach County (Fla.) ( lcsh )
newspaper ( marcgt )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Palm Beach -- Palm Beach


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 1, no. 1 (Feb. 28, 1975)-v. 8, no. 40 (Dec. 17, 1982).
Numbering Peculiarities:
Issue for Jan. 2, 1976 called v.2, no. 22, but constitutes v.2, no. 1.
Numbering Peculiarities:
Numbering in masthead and publisher's statements conflict: July 28, 1978 called no. 14 in masthead and no. 15 in publisher's statement; Aug. 25, 1978 called no. 16 in masthead and no. 17 in publisher's statement; Aug. 10, 1979 called no. 15 in masthead and no. 16 in publisher's statement; Oct. 22, 1982 called no. 31 in masthead and no. 32 in publisher's statement.
General Note:
"Combining Our voice and Federation reporter."

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
Copyright Fred K. Shochet. Permission granted to University of Florida to digitize and display this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Resource Identifier:
44607504 ( OCLC )
sn 00229550 ( LCCN )

Related Items

Related Item:
Jewish Floridian
Succeeded by:
Jewish Floridian (Palm Beach, Fla. : 1982)


This item has the following downloads:

Full Text
uemsti Floridian
[ Number 25
F"day, December 3, 1976 ------
Frrt k. Shochet FrWay, Dtcimbtr 3, i7 Price 25 cents
'aim Beach Participants Report on Trip to Israel
riences in Israel have United Nation.s condemnatio_ of -. ^,,.. .,_____ ^
eriences in Israel have
ir lives and enhanced
identity." This was
sentiment expressed
esentatives from West
i to the "This Year in
United Jewish
Itional Conference in
llrs Paul Klein, Mr.
lax Tochner. Mr. and
TUchill and Mr. and
Lustig were among
jans who traveled to
ke part in the Con-
bn. horn out of the
United Nation's condemnation of
Zionism as racism, sought to
prove dramatically to the people
of Israel that the Jews of the
Diaspora care for Israel, not only
by giving money, but that all
Jews share the same concerns,
history and the quest for sur-
"This mission of solidarity
made the slogan 'We Are One' a
reality," stated Dr. Klein.
"Our mission theme was From
Holocaust to Rebirth,' and our
experiences ranged from the con-
centration camp at Matthausen.
Austria, to the dedication of Jews
everywhere uniting to preserve
Israel," said Carole Klein.
"In Matthausen," she con-
tinued, "we, along with 350 other
members of the Young Leader-
ship portion of the mission,
relived, in our own way, all the
horrible atrocities that one reads
and hears about."
"It made us aware of the un-
questionable need for Israels
survival," stated Joan Tochner.
"If Israel existed in 1938 the
Jews would have had a place to
Continued on Page 10
jog Urges Jews to 'Fight Back' \
nst Arab Anti-Semitic Action
|recent Arab actions
ndiration that "a
fcmitic world cam-
|er way." Israel's
ons Ambassador
Addressing an audience of
2.000 North American Jewish
leaders attending the General
Assembly of the Council of
Jewish Federations in Phila-
urged Jews to delphia on Nov. 13, Herzog called
on all Jews to recall the anti-
Semitism of Hitler.
"This time, let us fight before
it is too late," the Israeli Am-
bassador declared. "We owe it to
our forebears. We owe it to our-
Continued on Page 7
mm Lecture Series to Begin Jan. 16
Isaacson, chair-
hi Committee of
the Jewish Federation of Palm
Beach County, announced the
Campaign Facts
11'wish Agency has proposed a minimum 1976-77
[million. It is far short of need and has rightly been
|of desperation. The difference must be made up by
Agency's immigrant housing budget has been cut
pn to $91 million to $50,236,000 over the past three
Nil ion plan to relieve overcrowding more than
**r room remains stalled; meanwhile, building
budget for education has been reduced to
paition of a free tenth grade is jeopardized, some
t>K left uncompleted and scholarships are being
[higher education budget is down 10 percent to
1 the land with the third highest university at-
fnis is the smallest allocation since 1959 when
Universities, compared with seven now. Operating
Ped during that span.
Rations for health, agricultural settlement and
fees are down as much as 40 percent. Construction
V mental institutions has been halted; only 40
Mement consolidations will be attempted.
ktions are up for social welfare services and youth
but not enough to meet rising costs. One of
families will be deprived of professional coun-
l i^ 8ix "MiP homes delayed, 24 day care
I. .000 Youth Aliyah applications held up, $17
p ally needed new programs canceled.
t.h* fir8t 8ur8 "> 1971 more than 100,000 Soviet
?ted to Israel, and many times that number are
landing visas. Those who have arrived need
are, training, jobs. Their successful absorption
'>or those who follow.
speakers tor the 1977 Annual
Lecture Series. The five cultural
and educational progams are held
on Sundays at 8:15 p.m. at
Temple Beth El, West Palm
The program is as follows: Jan.
16: I. L. Kenen, honorary chair-
man of the American Israel
Public Affairs Committee
(AIPAC) will discuss "The
American Jewish Forces for
Israel's Survival;" Jan. 30:
Naomi Levine, executive director
of the American Jewish Congress
will speak on "The Future of the
American Jewish Community;"
Feb. 13: Hyman Bookbinder,
Washington representative of the
American Jewish Committee, will
review "The Washington
Report;" Feb. 27: Dr. Charles
I.iebman. professor at the Jewish
Theological Seminary in New
York will discuss "The Changing
Nature of Israel-Diaspora
Relation;" March 13, Dr.
Howard H. Sachar, author and
professor of history at George
Washington University, will
speak on "The Lessons of
Modern Jewish History."
The Jewish Federation's
Forum brochure has been dis-
tributed in a communitywide
mailing with a ticket order form;
an order blank appears elsewhere
in this issue.
For additional information
contact the Jewish Federation of
Palm Beach County.
Holding a Young Leadership sign during the mass march
through Jerusalem, is Dr. Paul Klein (center), accompanied by
Mrs. Joan Tochner (left) and Mrs. Carole Klein. The march was
a demonstration of solidarity during the recent "This Year in
Jerusalem" United Jewish Appeal National Conference.
CJFWF Resolution
mThe President of the United
ZThe White House
Washington, D.C.
Dear Mr. President:
the 45th General
Assembly of the Council of
^Jewish Federations and
Welfare Funds meeting today
in Phildelphia, more than
2,000 persons from over 200
MJewish Federations, which
mcomprose over 96 percent of
| the Jewish population of the
m United States, expressed their
Mdeep disappointment and
^concern with the vote of the
United States at the United
Nations Security Council
myesterday which deplored the
Stare of Israel's supervision of
I" the administered territories
and east Jerusalem.
This United States vote
appears to be completely
-contrary to the repeated a'f-
I firmations in the United
^Nations during the past year
by the United States
Sgovernment of its unshakable
commitment to the security of
m Israel.
We now look to you for
further assurances that this
vote in the United Nations
Security Council represents no
change in the United States
government's strong support
of the State of Israel and that
the United States will con-
tinue to exercise strong
leadership in the forums of the
United Nations in support of
the security of the State of
We attach herewith a copy
mof the resolution passed
unanimously by the delegates
to this 45th general assembly
expressing our strong views
on "efforts toward peace" in
the Middle East and the need
for strong support for the
State of Israel.
Jerold C Hoffberger
President, CJFWF
Hon. James Carter
Plains, Georgia
Dear Mr. President-Elect:
The following message was
sent today to the President of
the United States expressing
our great concern at the vote
of the United States at the
United Nations Security
Council yesterday. We are
sending to you as a matter of
The national interests of the
United States and Canada are
served by the commitment to
Israel's security. It is
grounded in a deep sense of
moral obligation and affinity
with a sister democracy, the
sole free nation in the Middle
East and the only dependable
ally amidst the volatile
struggle for dominance in the
Arab world.
No Arab regime or
movement has as yet formally
recognized the legitimacy of
Israel as an independent
Jewish State. That refusal
remains the crucial im-
pediment to any movement
toward a settlement.
Continued on Page 11

Page 2
The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County
Israeli Defense Minister
To Address UJA Dinner
NEW YORK One of the
fastest-paced campaigns in
American Jewish fund-raising
history will climax on Thursday,
Dec. 9, when Israeli Defense
Minister Shimon Peres addresses
the 1977 UJA Leadership Dinner,
General Chairman Frank R.
Lautenberg announced today.
Lautenberg said the dinner
would mark the culmination of a
national, advanced-gifts cam-
paign phase that began before
the Entebbe raid last summer
and reached a high point in
October during "This Year in
Jerusalem," the 3,000-strong
UJA National Conference held in
" 'This Year in Jerusalem'
defined a new dimension in
Jewish history: combining
dreams with deeds, ideals with
action, promise with reality,"
Lautenberg remarked. "In
Jerusalem, we affirmed that all
Jews are responsible for each
other. In 1977, the challenge is
ours: to build a vibrant Jewish
community at home, to keep the
lifeline open to Jews of the USSR
and other lands, and to make all
Israeli society a crucible for
testing ideals and a laboratory
for moral excellence.
"With more than 300 cam-
paign meetings scheduled
throughout the country during
the next two months, the cam-
paign has taken on intensity
reflecting the maturity of the
American Jewish community. By
his personal example, Shimon
Peres exemplifies this degree of
idealism and commitment for
he understands that Jewish unity
means the fulfillment of basic
humanitarian needs," Lauten-
berg said.
One of the youngest of Israel's
political leaders, the Harvard-
educated Peres was put in charge
Volunteers are urgently
needed to assist with the 1977
Combined Jewish Appeal -
Israel Emergency Fund cam-
paign. Please give your rime to
the Jewish Federation of Palm
Beach County, and help insure
Jewish survival around the
For information contact the
Jewish Federation at 689-
All copy from organizations
i and individuals must be
. submitted to the Federation
' Office no later than 12 days
(Monday) prior to publication
I (every other Friday).

Articles of current events
and activities should be 150
words or lees, typewritten,
double-spaced with pictures
clearly and properly identified,
together with the name of the
person submitting the story,
address, phone number and
name of organization.
Photos should be 5"x 7",
>lack-and-white glossy, and of
?ood quality. Charges wiE be
nade for photo engravings.
The paper reserves the right
Mail material to:
ewiah Floridian
/ o Jewish Federation
/eat Pafan Beach, Fla. 33409
of the fledgling Navy Depart-
ment of Israel's Defense Ministry
in 1952, and three years later
became its director-general. From
1959 to 1966, when he resigned to
help form the Rafi Party,
together with David Ben-Gurion
and Moshe Dayan, he served as
Deputy Defense Minister under
Prime Ministers Ben-Gurion and
Levi Eshkol. After the Six-Day
War, he was Minister of the Ad-
ministrated Areas, dealing with
complex rehabilitation problems
of Arab refugees.
Two other major leadership
events will be held at the New
York Hilton during the week of
the leadership dinner. On
Wednesday, Dec. 8. the
American Joint Distribution
Committee will hold its annual
meeting and on Friday, Dec. 10,
the United Israel Appeal will
hold its annual meeting.
David Frankel
Koah Award
The Israel Koah Award, a
special award highlighting the
vital role of the Israel Bond
program, was recently presented
to David Frankel for his
dedication and untiring service
on behalf of his Wellington
neighbors, at a Testimonial
to Louis Ru-
benstein, co-
chairmen of
the Welling-
ton Com-
mittee for
State of Israel
Bonds. Fran-
kel was
honored for
his dedication
and "his FRANKEL
friendly smile,
his outstretched hand and his
concern for our health and en-
Kobert St. John, news
correspondent and author, was
the guest speaker at the break-
fast. St. John is a recipient of the
Medallion of Valor, the highest
honor which Israel bestows upon
a non-Jew.*
Under the leadership of Louis
Rubenstein and Dr. Irwin
Strossberg. the Wellington Israel
Bond Cabinet includes Albert
Baker. Louis Brenner, Bea
Cheyette, Jennie Coppola,
Herbert Edelstein, Dave
Goldberg, Dr. Jules Halpern.
Fred Kaplan. David Leight, Moe
Moss. Alex Penn. Nat Raskin.
Abe Rosen. Dr. Frank Schuster.
Ben Silverman, and Arthur
Sidney Selig Named Head
Of State Jewish Educators
Dr. Sidney Selig, director of
the Jewish Community Day
School of Palm Beach County,
Inc., was elected president of the
Jewish Educator's Council of
Florida at the annual meeting
Special Art Show
At Gallery Two
Phinney's (Gallery of Fine
Arts) has announced the opening
of Gallery Two, to take place Dec.
3, from 8 p.m. to 11 p.m., with a
special showing of Watercolors
by William Pachner, Oils by
Robbie Robinson and Sculpture
by Don Seiler.
In 1945 William Pachner. born
in Moravia. Czechoslovakia,
received confirmation that his
parents and grandparents, his
brother and cousins (eighty
relatives), had been annihilated
in Nazi concentration camps. He
left his position as art director of
a national magazine to devote all
his time to painting "what he felt
had to be said."
William Pachner has been an
instructor at the Art Students
League in New York and has
been the recipient of Guggenheim
and Ford Foundation Grants. He
has had numerous one-man
shows including several at the J.
Camp Gallery in New York City.
He has taught at Florida Gulf
Coast Art Center and the Tampa
Art Institute.
held recently in Miami Beach.
The Jewish Educator's Council
is a statewide group of super-
intendents and educational
administrators in Congregational
schools of all denominations, of
Day Schools sponsored by
Orthodox and Conservative and
Reform and Community
Agencies as well as Central
Bureaus of Jewish Education.
Dr. Selig has been responsible
for the academic growth of the
Jewish Community Day School
movement locally and nationally
and has brought educators from
the entire Southern states to
Palm Beach for national con-
ventions. He has written ex-
tensively on values clarification -
linguistic psychometrics,
behavior modification and
educational administration.
Philately has been
our only business lor
well over 40 years as
a Licensed Auc
tioneer in N.Y.C.
Now located in Flor
ida Sorry, but we have no stamps tol
sell.but we are always interested in
purchasing desirable mater ial.espec
ially U.S.A. collections. We have|
earned the commendable Senior,A*em
xrship in the American Society ot
P.O. Box 1583, Boco Raton,
Flo. 3343?_______391-3223
R. L (Bob) Newhart. L FD Colin J Ragey. LED.
Lawrence S Ftville. 1. FD. Wilham R. Zttm, Jr.. L.ED
Michael K. \\ ick. I. FD. General Manager
413 Hibiscus St 410J Parker Ave 1540 Hypoluxo Rd
West Palm Beach West Palm Beach Lantana 582 9061
832 8121 833-4061

Temple Beth El, West Palm Beach, will host a "pre-Chanuk
party for all children of the Palm Beach County Jewish
munity, from kindergarten through grade seven on S L
afternoon Dec. 12, at 12:15 p.m. in Senter Hall SptSI
tertainment will be provided by Yacov Noy, Israeli Pant
Artist The Temple Beth El Sisterhood will provide the ckldl
with a Latke-lunch.
Leadership Development Group
To Hear Earl A. Jordan, Dec. 4
Earl A. Jordan, executive
director of the Jewish Com-
munity Council of Metropolitan
Houston will speak to the
Leadership Development Group,
on Saturday evening Dec. 4. His
topic of discussion will be "Who
Is A Jew? Why Jewish? "
Rabbi Jor-
dan, served as
rabbi in
Cleveland. Oh.
and Norwalk.
Conn. from
While in
Cleveland he
was the first
rabbi ever to
teach theology
at John Carrol
University, a
Jesuit institu-
Formerly the director of the
Rabbinical Advisory Council of
the national United Jewish
Appeal. Rabbi Jordan conducted
several missions to Europe.
Israel and Iran for rabbisui
as university students.
the summers of 1973 and [974J
led groups of university stud
through Europe and Israel L
traveling six week count]
modern Jewish History.
After studying the holocaust!
Germany and Austria, tfc?
students met with Soviet Jen]
they arrived in Vienna and I
traveled to Rumania where I
has contact with another kio__
Jewish community. Theclimuj
the course was four weeks
Israel which allowed themul
depth treatment of la
problems as well as the ft
spiration of Israeli
The Leadership Develop
Program is sponsored by
Jewish Federation of Palm I
County and encourages
stimulates the training
development of potential lea
for the Jewish communi
through intensive study semin
and weekend retreats.
First Marine
National Bank and Trusti
114 NO. "J" STREET
Member F.D.I.C.
t3t A ROY 41. PALM WAY
Coll me for your FRit copy of
"Buyer's GvioV' For Homes Or CoWommiomsU
Office Phone: 141-9753 Residence Phone:
3385 W DmwHwy IWIPambrokaRd
Stavan Morn. F D Sonny tevttl. f .0
949-4315 9217200
425So OM** I
Ph*p ***'*|

The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County
Introducing The 1977 Combined Je
Appeal-Israel Emergency fund
Campaign Cabinet.. ..
Page 3
Associate Chairman
** Insurance
Advance Gifts Special Gifts
Division Division
Condoa Division
General Campaign
Condoa Division Health Services Division
High Rises
Associate Chairman
Gifts Division
Dentists Division
General Community
Construction Division
General Community
High Rises
Division Palm Beach
Not pictured are: Dr. Thomas Davidoff. Dentists Division; Jerry
Hart man. Accounts Insurance; Robert S. Levy, Upgrade
division; Mel Schwartz, Boca Raton Division; and David UchJU,
Cemlos Division.

Page 4
The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County
*. December 3,,
Talk About Expediency
Henry Kissinger is bewildered. At a meeting of the
NATO nations in William sburg. Va., last week, he
wondered what the fuss was a- .bout meaning the
reaction to the U.S. vote to censure Israel for its settle-
ment policies on the West Bank and what the Third
World-Arab bloc-Soviet satellite nations resolution called
Israel's illegal occupation of the Old City of Jerusalem.
Somehow, we keep remembering all those heartwarming
things President Ford said throughout the recent presi-
dential campaign and right on up to Nov. 2 so far as Israel
and the Middle East were concerned.
None of what he said squares with the U.S. vote at the
United Nations. And that's what the fuss is all about
the obvious fabrication, the lie to suit political conditions.
Not so far as Henry is concerned. As Henry sees it, the
U.S. vote in favor of the consensus statement reflected
American policy since the Six-Day War.
All we can say is wow.'Talk about expediency.
. And Then Came Carter
Lest our reaction to the Kissingerean bewilderment
seem partisan, we are urged also to comment on a Jimmy
Carter observation about Jerusalem last week.
Referring to the devoutly to-be-hoped-for decision to
move the U.S. Embassy from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem, the
President-Elect said that he wasn't sure about that at all.
Reminded that the move was affirmed as part of the
Democratic Party platform last summer at the convention
which nominated him for the presidency, Carter
responded: "I have never said I would fulfill that contract
... I may or may not want to move the embassy to
Jerusalem, but I'm not committed to that at this point."
Nice going particularly because when he was
scrabbling for votes here and there, we never heard Mr.
Carter say so much as a single word like that.
Those Soviet Dropoilts
A far-reaching discussion is currently taking place in
Israel and in the American Jewish community over what
position should be adopted on the issue of Soviet Jews
who obtain exit visas to go to Israel but who drop out in
Vienna and decide to go to other countries.
The nub of the problem is whether the dropouts should
be given any assistance by Jewish aid organizations and
whether such aid, as is now being given, is actually en-
couraging the high dropout factor.
What is at stake is the entire issue of aliya on the part of
Soviet Jews who wish to live as Jews and the con-
sequences for Israel of the high dropout rate estimated to
be some 50 to 60 percent.
The very nature of aliya negates what amounts to
flight, a continued dispersion of Jews throughout the
world and the implicit renunciation of Israel as the
homeland of the Jewish people. Leaving one country for
the sake of going to another country other than Israel does
uot solve the very basic needs of those Jews who them-
selves proclaim the desire to live as Jews.
At issue is not Jie freedom of choice to decide their
destination but their destiny and the historic importance
of aliya to Israel. Soviet Jews, more than other Jews,
should appreciate the historic imperative, since their own
struggle against Soviet injustice helped break a historic
pattern of silence against Soviet oppression.
JusticeNot Revenge
There is great satisfaction in the appearance at U.S.
Immigration and Naturalization Service hearings of three
persons accused of war crimes in the Nazi-occupied Baltic
countries during World War II. They face deportation on
the charge that they lied about their participation in
atrocities when they entered the United States.
Boleslavs Maikovskis, 75, of Mineola, L.I., Karlis
Destlavs, 65, of Baltimore, and Bronius Kaminskas, 73, of
Hartford, are all charged with the murders of Jews and
non-Jews in Latvia and Lithuania.
While the hearings on their cases have been postponed
until January or February, and long legal battles are
expected, the INS has finally taken the stand that the
"murderers among us" cannot continue to be immune to
eJewish Floridian
In conjunction with Jewish Federation of Palm Beach County, Inc.
Combined Jewish Appeal
MIS Okeechobee Boulevard. West Palm Beach. Florida 33409
OFFICE and PLANT-1NE 6th St.. Miami. Fla. 33132 Phone 373-4806
MIAMI ADDRE-o- P O box 2873. Miami, Florida 33101
Editor and Publish* r [ Executive Editor Assistant to Publisher
MORTON GILBERT- Advertising Representative
Tht Jewish Floridian Doss Not Guarantee The Kashruth
04 Mm Merchandise Advertised in its Cloumns
All P.O. 3678 returns are to be forwarded to
The Jewish Floridian, P.O. Box01-2973, Miami, Fla 33101
CFrod K. Shochst> Friday, December 3, 1>7e |
Published Bl-Weekly Second Class Postage Paid at Miami, Fla
SUBSCRIPTION RATES: (Local Ares) On* yeari4 00. or by membership to
Jewish Federation of Palm Beach County, 2415 Okeechobee Boulevard, West Palm
Beach, Fla 3340* Phone *? 5*00. (Out of Town upon Request)
FEDERATION OFFICERS: President, Stanley Brenner; Vice Presidents, Rabbi
Hyman Fishmen, Dr. Howard Kay, Kenneth Scherer, Dr. Richard Shugarman, Or.
Stanley Stark; Treasurer, Stacey Lessor; Secretary, Bruce Daniels; Executive
Director, Norman Scttimelman, Assistant Executive Director, Robert Kessler
Submit material far publication to Raewi Tartakew, Director of Public Rotations.
Mr. Carter and the Middle East
THERE IS a great deal ot
insight to be experienced for
Jimmy Carter-watchers between
now and the inauguration.
The insight begins, somewhat
exotically, in the recent visit by
Polish Communist Party Chief
Gierek to Moscow.
Most observers have tied the
visit to the fact that Pland is
currently suffering severe
economic woes. These woes, as in
the case of other Soviet satellite
nations, are incontrovertible.
BUT THE Gierek visit is a
prelude to far more important
things than Poland's plea to
Moscow for assistance.
It presages a resumed Soviet
grip on its East European empire
from Warsaw to Prague even if,
as in the story of the chicken and
the egg, one does not know which
came first, the low state of
economic affairs in the
nations or the recmdesr^T'i
brute international T&gJ
munist power there.
The German press |
tical observer of East EuJSj
affairs, and the Berlin tv I
possibilities: "Unrest in ffi
(eronomk) was JJ*""
signal to Moscow, too
unrest in an Eastern bloc S
necessarily takes on an 3
Soviet tendency A V*|
strative support of the PoU
Communist Party, which U
fallen ;-*~ >-" -
mto difficulties,
Wtl I
^Jkssssfl HBBaB^BBl
MIn i i Ml vJJAf&JJ
(Tariarf^W r '9
111TLaVv* V I1 c'SflefiH-' *mh af^-M
I CCS 'ol f^BV^Vajt^
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/ JaaaVSfL wtti^* it It (U
AND SO, argues the BaJ
Tagesspiegel, the Gierek via*
was illustrative of one Co*
munist in trouble fraternally
asking for aid from another Cony.
munist, and getting it.
On the other hand, continue)
the newspaper, "Gierek will prob.
ably have to pay the price for this
brotherly help- through a forced
support of Soviet hegemonial
claims in Europe."
In essence, however, it doesn'tI
matter which comes first, tail
economic woes or the renewed I
"Soviet hegemonial claims." Tsj
bitter fact is, observes the Tag\
spiegel, that "On this point, un-1
pleasant surprises are to be I
anticipated in the future."
FOR THE FrankfuruA
Rundschau, the meaning of the
Gierek visit was far more ob-
vious. "It stands beyond doubt,''
opined the Rundschau on Nov.
10, "that Moscow made up its I
mind to win back ideological and
political territory that was sacri-
ficed to the illusion of the unity of I
European Communism" in
illusion fabricated, no doubt,!
especially for the heyday of|
Kissingerean detente.
I said before that the I
catastrophic economic factor in
all of this is "incontrovertible'|
Continued on Page 13
Jews Continue to be Caring
By definition, a cliche is a com-
monplace phrase and, by custom,
a phrase to be avoided by the
more articulate among us.
Picture Steve Allen reading from
one of those New York Daily
News letters to the editor, raising
his voice as he cries out, "A
nation that can put a man on the
moon ought to be able to figure
out how to get decent people who
want to work off welfare," and
your mind bogs down.
"Put a man on the moon,"
indeed. That was one of Ann
Landers' recent responses to a
letter. It's a phrase which repeats
and repeats can't get the
traffic lights to work, the water
running through the pipes, the
buses coming on time, but there
goes that man again to the
moon and qualifies not only as
a cliche but, if you'll pardon the
tautology, an overworked one.
HAPPILY dropped from
editorial sight was one that came
into common currency some 30
years ago: "In this atomic age
. ."I probably have written this
before, but I never can forget the
editor to whom this cliche was an
"automatic" until the day he
wrote an editorial suggesting
that "in this atomic age" what
the local police department
needed desperately to catch crim-
inals escaping across the Passaic
River was a rowboat And he
wasn't joking, although everyone
laughed him out of town.
But like paranoia, sometimes
using the man on the moon as an
example is not so crazy a
thought. After all, our tech-
nological skill is obviously great
and it has produced great bombs
that can kill great amounts of
people, and it has produced
rockets which can give us
glimpses of other worlds.
Why, indeed, cannot all this
great skill be channeled into ways
of helping people?
IF VOTING means anything,
the electorate continues the mean
streak that became noticeable
several years ago. School budgets
are voted down with monotonous
regularity in those places where
they vote on them even if it
means closing the schools.
Bond issues that would help
the less prosperous are rejected
but, as in the case of the Dade
County Zoo several years ago,
funds are approved by the same
voters for what, in contrast at
least, must be considered a
' '' the indicators are that a
maj ity of the articulate people
in this country have become
selfish, defining, as one writer
has put it recently, t. common
good in egocentric te ,-.ia." Poor
people can go to hell. Blacks may
stew in their second-class juices,
and so on.
BY AND large, Florida voters
were picky and choosy when it
came to voting on nine amend-
ments last Election Day. And
again, they turned their backs on
the less fortunate in our society
by rejecting the two amendments
which might just might, mind
you break up the large city
slums to some extent.
Passage would have really cost
no one anything and would have
helped some.
Plain meanness prevailed, as it
did in 1972. when the only Bonds
for Progress questions turned
down were those which would
have provided day-care and com-
munity centers and housing loans
for those who could not pay the
conventional interest.
THERE ARE some few people
who do believe that if you can put
a man on the moon you should be
able to do for people. Again, this
year, as in 1972, the voters in
those by now easily-identified
"Jewish" precincts defied the
trend of the times and voted
strongly for Amendments 4 and 5
which would have been of as-
sistance to those of lesser means
and the inner city inhabitants in
That pattern went for the mid
Beach precincts which voted for
Ford equally, as well as for the
South Beach precincts which
gave a heavy majority to Carter.
The one aberration which stood
out was Point East which voted
heavily in favor of No. 5 and just
as heavily against No. 4.
At any rate, those two
amendments were defeated ana
that is no surprise.
WHAT IS a surprise and
course of satisfaction, is tl
Jews continue to be a canng
people, undoubtedly the ontf
such ethnically or religW
identifiable group in this country
In a recent talk to the Amer-
ican Jewish Congress, W
spokesman Irving Howe I wow
of Our Fathers"! commented m
if the American Jews were w
"cease the kind of Iwge *T
participation and Kfneros
which marked their role a at
Civil Rights movement; U m
were to turn their backs on j
poor, the blacks, the exploited,
they were to settle into J
urban complacence "t"^
sisted mainly of writing cm
for Israel... then a njor>nfl
would think. nattenngchangew
self-perception would navr
follow." .
As the 1976 election reveal*.
hasn't happened yet.

, December 37l976
The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County
Syria Okays UNDOF Mandate
SYRIAN TROOPS, serving as
part of the all-Arab peace-
keeping force, crossed the Litani
River into southern Lebanon and
reached Marj-Ayoun, a township
just north of the Israeli border
settlement of Metullah.
The Christian radio station in
Beirut reported that other Syrian
units crossed the river on their
way to the Lebanese port of Tyre.
More alarming, however, was
the bazooka attack Friday on an
Israeli patrol along the Lebanese
border near Zar'it and the firing
today of several Katyusha
rockets at Nahriya from across
the Lebanese border.
In both attacks there were no
casualties, and Israelis returned
fire. But the incidents, the firstin
that region in nearly a year, may
Damascus radio has an-
nounced that Syria has
^j to a six-month
extension of the mandate of
L United Nations Disen-
gagement Observer Force
(UNDOF) on the Golan
Heights, due to expire Nov.
But developments in
Lebanon over the last 24
hours have caused concern
in Israel and may require a
new policy decision with re-
spect to that country in the
[very near future, sources
I here said.
Israel Levels Salvo At
Report by Palestinians
UNITED NATIONS (JTA) Israel has reiterated its
(charge that the report by the 20-member Committee on the
Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People is
"nothing but a prescription for the dismantling of the State of
Israel in stages."
The Israeli statement came as the General Assembly
I prepared to begin its discussion of the report which is expected
I to he stormy and acrimonious.
THE STATEMENT issued by the Israeli UN Mission said
I that the committee's report is simply "a recasting of the
I Palestine Liberation Organization's statements before the
Noting that 16 of the 20 members of the committee did not
Ihave diplomatic relations with Israel and that "some of them
|even deny Israel's right to exist," the statement declared:
"The recommendations conflict with Security Council
[Resolutions 242 and 338, and are designed to bypass these
resolutions which form the only agreed basis for the solution of
[the Arab-Israeli conflict in all its aspects including the question
I of the Palestinian Arabs."
THE COMMITTEE'S report, which calls on Israel to
Ievacuate from all occupied territory by June, 1977, and ad-
vocates the establishment of a Palestinian state under PLO
aegis was rejected by the Security Council a few months ago
|when the United States vetoed it.
Rabbi Fishman to Serve
At Temple Beth David
Temple Beth David announced As vice president of the
thai rabbi Hymen Fishman will Federation, he serves as chair-
*rve as the synagogues first man of the Allocations com-
lRabbi mittee.
have signaled the start of a new
wave of terrorist activity in
southern Lebanon.
might have been a test of Israel's
reaction. A senior security source
was quoted today as saying that
Israel would not permit a renewal
of terrorist activity near its
border and would take the
initiative against terrorist groups
that disturb the tranquility of the
The Syrian troop movements
are regarded as less ominous for
the time being. Israel has
repeatedly informed Syria,
through U.S. diplomatic
channels, that it would intervene
should Syria concentrate forces
near the Israeli border.
Damascus is believed anxious
to avoid a confrontation with
Israel at a time when its army is
spread thin in Lebanon and for
that reason is also interested in
preventing a renewal of terrorist
activity in the border region.
SOURCES here said that
Israel would not regard the
presence of token Syrian forces
south of the Litani or at Tyre as a
provocation but would react if
large Syrian formations entered
the border area now held by
Lebanese Christians.
But the situation is less stable
than it was a few days ago.
Damascus is under pressure from
Moslems and Palestinian ter-
rorists to send troops into
southern Lebanon to end the co-
operation between Israel and the
Lebanese Christian population.
The Israelis are also disturbed
by the bazooka and Katyusha
attacks which came as a surprise.
For months Israeli defense of-
ficials have claimed that the
Christian and non-leftist Moslem
forces in southern Lebanon were
sufficiently strong to prevent any
terrorist activity there.
Meanwhile, Defense Minister
Shimon Peres told a Cabinet
meeting that a Syrian takeover of
southern Lebanon would en-
danger Israel's security. He said
Syrian troops were gradually
spreading over southern Lebanon
and that they would take over the
northern part of that country in
the not-too-distant future. As of
now, only a small part of
southern Lebanon is still "Leba-
nese," Peres said.
The Modern Conservative
synagogue is located in the north
ld f Palm Beach County.
uj'Ces are ternPor"rily being
held Friday evenings, 8 p.m. at
[Westminister Presbyterian
lUurch on Military Trail in Palm
| Beach Gardens.
Rabbi Fish-
Iman has
lrved in the
I plm Beach
[since 1963.
| formerly the
spiritual lea-
\^ of Temple
lBh El, he is
[Presently the
dministrator FISHMAN
lliiShalom Menwrial Park and
lcVrLC.nt,nUe to 8erV >n *h
Rabbi Fishman is active in
^munity afffairs, having
18.7? as former president of the
Igbbinical Council of Palm
peach County, vice president of
F* Jewish Federation and serves
P'the National Board of ORT.
EL aUo a funder of the Jewish
^munity Day School.
Jewish Federation of Palm Beach County
2415 Okeechobee Boulevard
West Palm Beach, Florida 33409
Enclosed is my check for $ for
Subscription Series Tickers
Individual Program Tickets [may be purchased of door]
Student Mm ission *
Please Make Checks Poyoble To: The Jewish Federation of I
Beach County
"tone: 832-B361
"7 Poincian. Way
& Glasses Loaned FREE
An outstanding professional counseling agency serving the Jewish
community of Palm Beach County. Professional and confidential
help is available for
Problems of the aging Marital counseling
Consultation and evaluation service* Parent-child conflicts
Vocational counseling Personal problems
Private Offices: 12415 Okeechobee Boulevard
West Palm Beach, Flo. 33409
-s. Telephone: 684 1991
F" 3200 North Federal Hwy. Soito 206
E Room 12 Boca Raton, Fla.
S Telephone: 395-3640
Moderate fees are charged in family and individual counseling to
those who con pay (Fees ore based on income and formly sue)
Bernard Mycorn, president of Temple Beth Shalom, Lake
Worth (left), presents a check totaling $3,137 to Norman
Schimelman, executive director of the Jewish Federation of
Palm Beach County. The check represents proceeds from a Yom
Kippur appeal to be given to this year's 1977 Combined Jewish
Appeal-Israel Emergency Fund campaign.
Arabs Say Brazilian Jews
Ignore Brazil for Zionism
RIO DE JANEIRO (JTA) The representative of the
Arab League in Brazil has accused the Brazilian Jewish com-
munity of defending "the position of Zionism more than the
interests of Brazil." In an attack timed to commemorate the
first anniversary of the United Nations General Assembly
resolution linking Zionism with racism, Mohamad Nouri al-
Jisri, the League's representative, also charged that Moshe
Erell, the new Israeli Ambassador to Brazil, was interfering in
Brazilian internal affairs by saying that Brazil made an "error"
in voting for the resolution.
Phone 689-5900
subscription tickets |

^TY ^
7875 Belvedere Rd West Palm Beach. Fla. 33411
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jwfaa) rtMrtnii ? I

*e iu
The Jewish Fbridian of Palm Beach County
Fri*y. Decent
Rumania Seeks Spur
To New Tourism Plan
WASHINGTON A promise to spur tourism to Rumania
and an urgent plea for accelerated Jewish emigration high-
lighted a meeting in Bucharest earlier this month between
President Nicolae Ceausescu and David M. Blumberg, president
of B'nai B'rith.
"President Ceausescu quite forcefully made evident
Rumania's determination to maintain its independent foreign
policy and to continue its good relations with Israel," Blumberg
He said that the Rumanian president "called for a peace
settlement in the Middle East as a primary need, and one which
would open the way to the solution of other international
NEW YORK Jacques Torczyner, a past president of the
ZOA and member of the Executive of the World Zionist Organ-
ization, has been appointed chairman of the Convention Com-
mittee for the 80th National Convention of the Zionist Organ-
ization of America which will be held in Israel next summer. The
appointment was announced by Dr. Joseph P. Sternstein,
president of the 120,000-member ZOA.
KIAMESHA LAKE, N.Y. Mrs. M. Milton Perry, of Elkins
Park, Pa., was reelected and installed here for another two-year
term as national president of the Women's League for Con-
servative Judaism. The installation was performed by her
mother, Mrs. Reuben Magil, of Philadelphia, who herself has
been active in the activities of the League for almost 40 years.
JERUSALEM The Lawrence Peirez Memorial Grove
some 1,000 trees planted on a hillside overlooking Jerusalem
was dedicated here by the Anti-Defamation League of B'nai
B'rith in memory of the ADL leader.
Mr. Peirez, who died Oct. 15 at age 61, was chairman of
ADI.'s national civil rights committee, a member of the
League's National Commission, and international vice president
of B'nai B'rith. He was a resident of Great Neck, N.Y.
The grove honoring Mr. Perez is in an area of the Jerusalem
Forest designated as the Bicentennial Year Region and com-
memorating 200 years of American democracy under the
auspices of the Jewish National Fund.
TEL AVIV The afternoon paper Ma'ariv declares that
leading Israeli economists have ascertained that a large number
of Jews in the United States trade with Arab countries. Among
the materials sold to them are also found different electronic
Many of these Jews continue to support Israel, while at the
same time they transfer knowledge and development to Arab
lands. They see no contradiction in supporting Israel and in
strengthening the economic potential of countries which are in a
state of war with Israel. Some of these Jews are sure that their
trade with Arab lands will ultimately lessen the Arab's hatred of
SAN FRANCISCO The Bank of America, the worlds
largest bank, said that it would stop giving any assistance to the
Arab boycott of Israel. The bank said that it had instructed all
its branches to stop immediately the processing of letters of
credit and other documents containing boycott provisions.
A spokesman at the bank's headquarters here said that the
instructions applied both to its United States offices and to 114
branches in 44 other countries.
NEW YORK Former Prime Minister Golda Meir has called
on American and Canadian Jewry to help maintain Israel's
development program to avoid the threat of unemployment, to
enable the country to provide jobs for new immigrants and to
make possible for Israel to negotiate peace from a position of
economic strength.
Mrs. Meir, who spoke by telephone from her home in Tel Aviv
to a meeting of the National Campaign Cabinet of the Israel
Bond Organization at the Waldorf Astoria in New York, em-
phasized that Israel's economic development program depended
to a very large extent on the proceeds from the sale of Israel
NICOSIA, Cyprus | Some 300 Arab and foreign resear-
chers from 46 countries will convene an "intellectual conference
on Zionism" in Baghdad, the official Iraqi news agency
reported. Forty anti-Zionism research papers are to be delivered
and discussed by the conference, organized by Baghdad Uni-
versity under the auspices of President Ahmed Hassan el Bakr
of Iraq, the agency said.
Topics listed for discussion include "Racism of Zionism in
Theory and Practice," "The Relationship Between Zionism and
Imperialism," and a "Comparison Between Zionist Racism and
the Humanism of Arab Nationalism," the agency said.
NEW YORK As soon as the American delegation returned
from the World Conference m Israel for Yiddish and Yiddish
Culture, the American Committee assembled under the leader-
ship of Cochairman Israel Breslow to set in motion plans for a
permanent national council to implement the resolutions to
continue the innovative planning emerging from the Jerusalem
meeting in August, 1976.
In Israel, the necessary steps were taken immediately to form
continuing organization, a World Bureau for Yiddish and
Yiddish Culture to begin implementation of significant world-
wide projects to promote Yiddish studies in schools, universities
and Ulpanim; to intensify the Yiddish Book Club on an effective
operating basis; and to develop urgent projects such as a
Yiddish Theatre Workshop.
Highlight Survival of Major Cities
importance of the survival of the
major cities of the Northeast to
the American Jewish community
was stressed at the second annual
Breakfast Conference on Social
Concerns sponsored by Agudath
Israel of America and its careers
agency, Project COPE (Career
Opportunities and Preparation
for Employment).
More than 100 government
officials, educators, community
leaders and representatives of
social agencies attended the
meeting at the New York Hilton
entitled "A Conference on the
Needs of the Middle Class Urban
DR. SEYMOUR Lachman,
professor of history at the
Bernard Baruch Graduate School
of City University of New York,
and former president of the New
York City Board of Education,
and Richard Ravitch. chairman
of the board of the New York
State Urban Development Cor-
poration, stressed the importance
of the city to maintaining Jewish
life as well as the ethnic values of
other groups.
Ravitch, who is also president
of the newlyformed Jewish Com-
munity Relations Council of New
York, accused the federal govern-
ment of fostering policies that
undermined the middle class and
its values, including the idea of
social and economic betterment
for the Door.
He said while the poor must
still receive the bulk of the aid the
survival of New York City
depends on a return to middle
class values, including ensuring
physical safety and economic
IRVING ANKER, chancellor
of the Board of Education of New
York City, also attacked the
federal government, specifically
the Office of Civil Rights of the
Department of Health, Edu-
cation and Welfare of deliberately
bringing about segregation in the
major cities of the United States
in order to protect the suburbs.
Anker, who denounced a recent
OCR report charging the New
York City school system with
discrimination against minorities
and women, said the federal
policy was creating all-Black
school systems in the nation's
major cities.
However, he noted that the
Camp Shalom Day Camp
Community Calendar
Community Pre-School
Friendly Visitors
Information-Referral Service
Jewish Community Day
Jewish Community Forum
Jewish Community
Relations Committee
Jewish Family & Children's
Jewish Floridian of
Palm Beach County
Jewish Singles
Jewish Students Union-
Florida Atlantic University
Leadership Development
"Mosoic" TV Program
Service to Institutions
Transient 0 Emergency
bulk of Jewish children in New
York City attend the public
gional commissioner of the U.S.
Labor Department's Bureau of
Labor St .istics, said the bulk of
the A met 'an Jewish population
lives in tl Northeast, the region
that has experienced a large de-
cline in jobs in the last several
years while there has been a job
growth in the rest of the country.
He said 50 percent of the
Jewish population has had some
college and college graduates are
the ones finding it harder to get a
job. Bienstock noted that the
other half of the Jewish popu-
lation does not go to college and
praised Project COPE for helping
these people.
P>ent would improve0"
of the low birth rate of iL
said the agency ???
some 5^000 person, "
founded in 1975, taJtJ.,1
People from the urS,tl
class who were exner
mp?yfr the gf,
V"pE s programs include on
job training, vocational \.
cation and classroom training
Rabbi Morris Sherer exenw
president of Agudath IsrT
America, presented COPE s 19
New Horizons Award to J y
Smith, administrator of n
* w, A3
community 1

December 4
Temple Beth El Sisterhood Bazaar Jewish Community
Day School Square Dance
Leadership Development New Group
December 5
Temple Beth El Sisterhood-Bazaar
Congregation Anshei Sholom Sisterhood -Testimonial
B'nai B'rith Art Auction
December 6
Jewish Family and Childrena Service Executive Board
ORT-Palm Beach-Book Review
ORT-Royal Palm Beach-Board
Congregation Anshei Sholom Sisterhood-Board
United Order True Sisters-Board and Regular
Jewish Community Day School-Board
Temple Israel Sisterhood-Board
December 7
Workmen's Circle-Board
Temple Beth El-Board
ORT-Palm Beach Regional-Mother to Another Luncheon
December 8
Temple Beth Sholom Men's Club
United Order True Sisters-Luncheon
Jewish War Veterans-Board
Pioneer Women-Golda Meir
Labor Zionist Alliance
American-Israeli Cultural Foundation Cocktail Reception
December 9
American Jewish Congress
Hadassah-Golda Meir-Board
H adassah -Yovel -Board
Hadassah-Bat Gurion
Temple Beth Sholom-Board
December 11
Hadassah-Bat Gurion Bowling Evening
December 12
Temple Beth El-Pre-Chanukah Party
Temple Emanu-El-Annual
Temple Emanu-El Sisterhood-Board
Temple Beth El-Program with Yacov Noy
Pioneer Women-Golda Meir-Rummage Sale
December 13
ORT-Palm Beach-Board
ORT-Royal Palm Beach
ORT-North Palm Beach-Board
Labor Zionist Alliance
B'nai B'rith Women-Boynton
December 14
B'nai B'rith Women-Medina-Board
B'nai Bjrith Women-Tzedakah-Board
B'nai B'rith Women-Menorah-Luncheon
B'nai B'rith Lodge Number 2939
December 15
Temple-Beth Sholom Sisterhood-Board
Jewish War Veterans Auxiliary
Hadassah-Myrtle Wreath Awards
Israel Bonds-Fashion Show-Luncheon
December 16
National Council Jewish Women-Okeechobee Unit
Hadassah-Golda Meir
........... ..--<.

^y_ December 3,
The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County
[erzog Urges Jews
Continued from Page I
Lm We owe it to our children
W, e owe it to the generations
i come he told the audience
|2 greeted his words with a
ending ovation.
iHerzoe noted that American
'.Sent policy is directly
-fluenced by the degree to which
[Irican Jews voice support for
L| "The ordinary Jew in the
* will not be pushed
found the Ambassador
sclared. "He will fight. Action is
ded to prove to the world that
e stand as one, ready to face our
IHerzog called for action
bndemning the recent consensus
eement reached by the UN
urity Council on Israeli ad-
nistration of the occupied
"A massive Jewish reaction is
ary. Your task is a vital
In your hands lies the
Iture." the Israeli Ambassador
Lid. "How many could we have
Led in the past if we had fought
fcck?" he asked his assembled
I Herzog noted that "each and
tery one f us has reason to be
loud" and cited the 800.000
fish refugees from Arab lands
jo today are productive citizens
[Israel compared to the 500,000
rab refugees who are today still
[refugee camps.
|Turning to the recent action of
e UN Security Council, Herzog
Died it "despicable behavior"
1 called the members "lacking
Imoral courage."
"The action can only be labeled
as a direct and very serious insult
to the Jewish people but what
hurt the most is the willingness
of the United States to go along "
Herzog declared.
He noted that a similar
resolution introduced by the
Arab nations last May was
branded by the United States as
"one-sided, biased and un-
"Never has U.S. prestige been
as high in the Arab world as
when it stood by its friends
courageously and firmly."
Herzog stated.
"As Jews we must stand as a
proud people ready to take a
stand on these issues. Each and
every one of us has reason to be
proud," he said.
"Action is needed to prove to
the world that we stand as one to
face our enemies," Ambassador
Herzog demanded.
At the conclusion of his talk,
Raymond Epstein of Chicago,
who chaired the session, informed
the Ambassador that the General
Assembly had sent telegrams on
Friday to President Ford and
President-Elect Carter protesting
United States actions in the
Security Council.
Members of the Palm Beach
County Jewish community who
attended the General Assembly
were Dr. and Mrs. Howard Kay,
Mr. and Mrs. Stanley B. Brenner.
Bette Gilbert, Staci Lesser,
Jeanne Levy, Robert Levy,
Norman Schimelman and Robert
Practice Mobilization
Ended Successfully
TEL AVIV (JTA) An 18-hour practice mobilization
' Israel's armed forces has ended. It was described by military
^des as remarkably successful. No details were disclosed.
The purpose of the exercise was to determine how long it
uld take to call up the reserves, equip them and send them
V to battle in case of an emergency. Several thousand reserve
piers were involved.
THE CALL-UP order, issued by Gen. Yekutiel Adam,
hef of Operations at General Headquarters, was broadcast by
to and television and repeated hourly throughout the day.
Aircratt dropped leaflets containing the orders over Tel
in. Jerusalem, Haifa, Beersheba and other large population
reservists were ordered to report to their units, designated
code names.
THE OWNERS of private vehicles recruited for national
vice were instructed to bring them to pre-arranged areas for
Israel took the precaution of informing the neighboring
P states in advance that the mobilization was only a
Pctice exercise.
Open* 7
M Fri.
Closed Sat.
H.n,,.,.n Military Trail* Haxrrtilll In thr Mini Mall
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A New Discount Warehouse
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U3333 Look For Tn0 fl*9 "o' $&*
Mon. thru Saturday 105
aJPt^SAVE .....

Gen. Ariel Sharon has an-
nounced that he is severing
connections with Likud, the
non-Labor opposition party
he helped create three years
The Yom Kippur War
hero told a press conference
here that he planned to
found a new party to offer
an alternative to Israel's
present leadership in next
year's elections. He did not
disclose who would be on
the new party's election list
but promised to publish its
platform within a month.
SHARON, a ranfrrovergi..'
Sharon Quits Likud Party
figure because of his outspoken
criticism of the conduct of the
Yom Kippur War, said he was
disappointed with Likud. He
called it a great idea that never
came to pass and claimed that it
offered no real alternative to the
present regime.
Sharon said he has been urging
Likud to come with firm pro-
grams and to introduce new faces
among its candidates standing
for election but all in vain.
Informed sources said that the
rift developed between Sharon
and Likud because the party
insisted that the veteran Herut
leader, Menachem Beigin,
continue to head its list.
Beigin should stand for election
like every other candidate and
not be automatically propagated
to the leadership position. Some
said Sharon wanted to head t)
list but he denied this and said I
wanted only a democratic Likuu
Labor Party circles said thai
Sharon would eventually rejoin
Likud because his defection
today has in fact strengthened
his bargaining position with that
They said that a separate party
headed by Sharon would take
votes from Likud and from the
hawkish faction of the National
Religious Party. But they did not
believe that a new Sharon party
would receive more than 2 to 3
seats in the Knesset.
WHILE SHARON refused to
disclose the position his party
would take on major issues, he
said its platform would be based
on certain axioms he considered
vital to Israel's security.
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Page 8
The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County
Fridy, December 3.1
New Congress Will be Tough on Boycott
Rep. Benjamin S. Rosen-
thai (D., L.I., N.Y.) pre-
dicted that the new Con-
gress convening in January
will promptly pass stronf
legislation to outlaw com
pliance with the Arab boy
cott of Israel and American
Addressing 300 leaders
of the Anti-Defamation
League of B'nai B'rith
attending the agency's 63rd
annual meeting at the
Waldorf-Astoria Hotel,
Rosenthal said, "The deep
national concerns which
earlier this year led the
House and the Senate over
helmingly to pass strong
anti-boycott legislation are
even stronger as a new
Congress and President
prepare to take office."
HE WARNED, however, that
the American public "does not
yet understand fully the implica-
tions of boycott compliance, and
the Arabs and their allies in the
U.S. business community will
continue doing all in their power
to perpetuate this situation."
In a report at the same session,
Arnold Forster, the ADL's gen-
eral counsel and associate
director, said that the American
banking industry's "recal-
citrance" in ending its role as
"major enforcer" of Arab boycott
regulations has been cracked by
the recent actions of several
major banks.
He cited announcements by
one of the world's largest banks,
3ank of America, and by United
Bank of California, Provident
National Bank and Continental
Bank of Philadelphia, and
Sterling National Bank of New
York that they will not. or will no
longer, handle boycott-tainted
letters of credit.
Will Indian be Extradited?
FORSTER said that a new
ADL banking survey, currently
being completed, has at the top of
the list of banks which continue
to honor such letters of credit,
Chase Manhattan, Citibank,
Chemical and Irving Trust. The
rest will be revealed, he added
upon completion of the survey.
Rosenthal, who is chairman of
the House Commerce Consumer
and Monetary Subcommittee,
said that the Commerce Depart*
merit's identification of boycott
participants and the Treasury
Department's guidelines for
imposing tax penalties against
certain participants have "con-
fused and distressed the Amer-
ican public and business com-
munity, and have done little to
meet their legitimate concerns."
These concerns, he declared.
State Department will now have
to decide whether to extradite an
Indian Jew to face criminal
charges in India or allow him to
remain in the United States.
District Court Judge Gerard L.
Goetel has allowed Elijah
Ephraim Jhirad to remain free on
$50,000 bail pending the depart-
ment's decision after certifvinir
and turning over Jhirad's file to
the department.
JHIRAD, a Judge Advocate
General of the Indian Navy for 18
years, and a president of the Fed-
eration of Jewish Communities in
India, has been the target of
extradition procedures by the
Indian government for four years
on charges he misappropriated
$1,600 from India's naval Prize
"can be met only by *,.
dear legislation to alfiS **\
-nti-comoetitive and^L*
mtory Arab pressure, ?H
American businesses.' *"|
Treasury Department's prJM
RjbKoff Amendment totL 1I
reform Act of 1976 (which dJd
certamux benefits to coZ^l
complying with the boyeff^
so limited as to be 51
useless." M *"*
He explained that the nJ
hues would discouraged
formal agreements tT .!$
U.S. firms, thus having the S
of condoning wHIffi
undateral actions to refrain^
doing business with Art!
boycott targets. Moreover J
declared, no penalties would U
imposed upon companies which
furnish information needed h
the Arabs to perpetrate thi
Jews in Rome Protest
Release of Nazi WarCriminal
ROME (JTA) Jewish demonstrators, led by Rome's
Chief Rabbi Klin Toaff, protested vigorously against the
decision by a military tribunal here to release a Nazi war
criminal serving a life sentence for ordering the massacre of 335
civilian hostages in March, 1944, in reprisal for an attack by
partisans on an SS squad.
About 250 demonstrators marched to the Ardeatine Cave;
on the southern outskirts of the city, where the massacre took
place 33 years ago.
Rome's Mayor, Carlo Guilio Argan, supported the
LATER THEY were joined by several hundred more
protestors in a march to the military hospital where former SS
Col. Herbert Kappler. 69, is said to be suffering with terminal
Kappler, who has served 29 yars of his life term, had his
sentence suspended temporarily last March after West German
Chancellor Helmut Schmidt interceded on his behalf.
The Tribunal's decision to release him was attributed by
the protestors to pressure from West Germany, one of Italy's
major creditors.
WHILE RABBI TOAFF spoke to the duty officer at the
military hospital, about 50 young demonstrators broke through
the gates. But they were stopped by police.
Some demonstrators said they would remain at the
hospital compound through the night to make sure that
Kappler was not in any of the ambulances leaving it.
Sources close to Kappler's lawyer said the ex-Nazi wished
to return to West Germany. The Tribunal ordered his release on
grounds that he had passed the 28-year minimum before parole
can be considered, that he had a good conduct record in prison
and that he was seriously ill.
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The 63-year-old Jhirad asserts
that the Indian charges are
politically motivated against him
because of his outspoken defense
of Zionism and Israel and
because of his pro-Western anti-
Communist views.
The turning over of the files by
Goetel was a formality following
the U.S. Supreme Court's refusal
to review Jhirad's appeal. But
Goetel noted that the U.S.
government has not appeared in
the case.
IN CONTINUING the bail on
which Jhirad has been free for the
past four years, Goetel noted that
there is no law on whether some-
one awaiting extradition can be
freed on bail. But he said if bail
had not been allowed, Jhirad
would have been in jail for four
The judge added that it should
be kept in mind that there will be
a new administration in
Washington soon and that India
is presently in a state of political

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L December 3,
[OPEC May Shake
[orld Again Dec. 15
Washington An event
ning up that will affect
American citizen. The
has been relegated to the
cial pages But it could
line whether we will have
r round of price rises.
lis important event will take
next month. The Organ-
pn of Petroleum Exporting
jtries, known informally as
|C will meet on Dec. 15 in the
' sheikdom of Qatar.
en nations belong to
C. Together, they rig the
of oil.
SAUDI Arabia, for
Lple, it costs 12 cents to
xe a barrel of oil. But
b to OPEC, the Saudis are
to sell the same oil for $12 a
||. Now the OPEC nations
tiling for still higher prices.
eria has been talking about
[percent increase. The Shah
i has suggested at least a
it would this mean to the
American? A 15 percent
; would cost consumers an
tonal $6 billion for overseas
f course, oil is our lifeblood.
I it to heat our homes, run
ories and fuel our auto-
Petroleum is also the
[for hundreds of products,
from fertilizers to
IIS MEANS the price of
products would go up.
unscrupulous business-
men, to judge from the past,
would take advantage of the cost
increase to jack up their prices
more than necessary. So the
American people would probably
wind up paying more than $6
billion in price increases.
It seems to us, therefore, that
the coming OPEC meeting is
more important than a dry story
on the financial pages. We have
gone to sources high in the White
House, State Department and
diplomatic community to find out
what the OPEC nations are likely
to do.
SURPRISINGLY, our sources
are optimistic. U.S. diplomats
and economists have been busy
behind the scenes educating the
OPEC leaders on global inter-
dependence. Our sources believe
the OPEC leaders now under-
stand that higher oil prices will
cause inflation in the West. The
OPEC nations, of course, can't
eat their petrodollars. They must
invest their huge profits.
They don't trust Communist
governments. So they have
invested most of their petro-
dollars in the West. Inflation in
the West, therefore, will cheapen
their petrodollars. Our
economists have just about con-
vinced the OPEC leaders that
they now have a huge stake in the
financial stability of the West.
OUR SOURCES, therefore,
believe the OPEC nations will go
to their conference next month
ur Operators Set Cruise to Israel
119-day air-sea Passover
to Israel has been an-
by Diamond Tours of
and West Coast Israel
Associates of Los Angeles.
newly formed association,
pour operators jointly
the SS Ithaca for the
| from March 29 to April 15.
ngers will fly trans-
it on TWA and Olympic
fW flights to Athens,
| to the Greek Islands of
Santorini, Heraklion,
and Lesbos, use the ship
9hotel for the eight days in
during the Passover Week,
I visa Istanbul before
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"re for the U.S.
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Miciude port taxes or the
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F8 between the airport and
The Ithaca Air-Sea Pas-
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one traditional Seder on board
ship and one Seder in a kibbutz
near Haifa, specially selected
menus, Israeli and international
nightly entertainment and a
Resident Rabbi who will conduct
services on board ship. Optional
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The 12,500-ton Greek
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Additional information and
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through authorized travel
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The Jewish Floridian of Palm Reach County
with a clearer understanding of
global interdependence. The
Saudis have always understood
this They are expected to be a
moderating influence at the
meeting. But even the Shah of
Iran according to our sources
has been taking a more moderate'
stand in private.
rioaCt'the most radicl of the
UPLC nations, Algeria, is ex-
pected to be reasonable about oil
prices. Our sources say Algeria
doesn't want to isolate itself from
its Arab neighbors.
So insiders now predict that
the oil price increase won't be 40
percent or even 15 percent. They
are convinced it will be about 10
percent. Of course, that still
means over $4 billion in price in-
creases for Americans.
gressmen have been doing some
dramatic undercover work in the
nether world of narcotics dealing.
On Sept. 19, six legislators, ac-
companied by New York City
officials, piled into three police
"surveillance vans." They drove
through some of the city's worst
heroin-infested neighborhoods.
The incredulous congressmen
watched the street transactions,
as pushers peddled drugs to their
customers. It was a bright, sunny
day. The illegal drug trade was
conducted in the open. Some
transactions took place in full
view of uniformed policemen. A
pusher even approached one of
the van drivers and tried to sell
him some drugs.
The marketplaces were pointed
out to the congressmen. Certain
street corners were reserved for
heroin dealers, others for cocaine
connections, others for ampheta-
mine and barbiturate dealers.
ON THE night of Nov. 1,
meanwhile, Rep. Charles Rangel
(D., N.Y.) took a tour of the nar-
cotics neighborhoods. He was
shadowed by undercover
detectives. He walked along
Eighth Avenue. He strolled down
7th, 26th, 41st, 117th and 118th
Streets. He told us that these
streets no longer belong to the
people of New York. They belong
to the pushers.
Page 9
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Pag* 10
The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County
Pictured above is David Uchill on a hillside overlooking th.
Pictured with a group of Israeli soldiers from the 82nd Armored Division on the Golan Heights of Jerusalem. Uchill and his wife Rose were participants wl
are Mr. and Mrs. Max Tochner. They visited the army base as participants in the Young community portion of the "This Year in Jerusalem" *
Leadership portion of the "This Year in Jerusalem" UJA National Conference. October.
Palm Beach Participants Report on Trip
Continued from Page 1
go and perhaps six million would
not have perished."
When the Young- Leadership
group left Matthausen they
boarded the airplane along with
33 Russian immigrants who were
on their way to start a new life in
Israel. While on board, Joel
Abramson, National Young
Leadership Cabinet chairman,
read a message to the Russians
on behalf of the UJA Young
Leadership present:
"Our dear brothers and sisters,
our group, the Young Leadership
of America, are very happy you
are here with us on this Journey
to Israel. We wish you happiness
and success in your new life in
this free Jewish land, which
belongs to you, to us, and to all
Jews of the world." The group of
Young Leaders sang "Shalom
Chaverim" Welcome
"Israel to us seemed to be a
country of contrasts. We drove
through deserts and fertile
valleys, visited ancient Jericho
'and modern Tel Aviv, and toured
old and new Jerusalem," Dr.
Klein said. "We also had the
opportunity to visit and interact
with many Israelis, in their
homes as well as on an Army
Mr. and Mrs. Tochner spoke of
their experiences at the head-
quarters of the 82nd Armored
Division in the Golan Heights,
just 15 minutes away from the
Syrian border.
"We were impressed by the
youth of the Israeli soldiers we
realized that the young people of
Israel were making it all hap-
pen," they said.
One of the most dramatic high-
lights of the mission was a mass
march through Jerusalem, cul-
minating at "the Wall."
"How do we help you visualize
and feel the thrills we felt when
3,000 American Jews, joined by
Israelis, marching bands and
dancers walked down the streets
of Jerusalem into the Old City
and to 'the Wall,' in a massive
display of solidarity," the
Tochners stated. "A massive sea
of blue 'This Year in Jerusalem'
windbreakers walking arm in arm
from the office buildings of the
modern city of Jerusalem,
winding down 2,000 years of
Jewish history, along the way
giving American and Israeli flags
to the little children, the future of
Israel, our future, too."
The problems of Israel were
also evident to the participants of
the mission. Over 40 percent of
Israel's gross national product
must go to defense, "and Israel
has precious little remaining for
housing, education, welfare and
health services," stated Mrs.
Klein. "They must rely on Jews
throughout the world to aid them
in those needs that are essential
to building the quality and excel-
lence of life."
What was evident to Mr. and
Mrs. Uchill, representatives on
the community portion of the
Mission, was that Jew* through-
out the world need the State of
Israel now more than ever.
"Jews all over the world are in
trouble," Uchill continued, "and
Israel is their only chance. our
only chance for survival."
Mr. and Mrs. Stanley Lustig
were impressed by the
tremendous hospitality shown
them by the Israelis and the
great feeling of solidarity
exhibited during the many mass
gatherings on the mission.
"Being in Israel has given us
the feeling of how important it is
for all Jews to take an active role
in the fate of their .fellow Jews,
here, in other parts of the world,
and in Israel. Israel's existence is
one answer to the horrible in-
cidents of the Holocaust, and to
the oppression of Jews anywhere
in the world, now or i
future," concluded Dr. and I
"There is much moretoi
The best advice we can give j
is go to Israel and see for!
self. The best way to in
feeling of pride in one's I
is to visit Israel. And wheni
do, you'll feel like you're!
In an unprecedented move, Soviet authorities have reu
Boris Chernobilsky (pictured with his wife and two daughte
and Dr. Iosif Ahs, two Soviet Jewish dissidents who had fat
the possibility of up to five years in prison for peaceful prate
in Moscow last month, according to reports reaching
National Conference on Soviet Jewry fNCSJ).
United States-Israel Friction Apparent
TEL AVIV (JTA) Israeli
leaders are making no attempt to
conceal their anger and dis-
appointment with the United
States for its support of a con-
sensus statement of the Security
Council that strongly deplored
the establishment of Jewish
settlements in the administered
Arab territories and declared that
all Israeli actions "which tend to
change the legal status of Jeru-
salem are invalid."
The new friction between
Jerusalem and Washington waa
evident at the Histadrut Solidar
ity Conference here where 660
American Jewish leaden of the
Histadrut Foundation were
addressed by Premier Yitzhak
Rabin, former Premier Golda
Meir and U.S. Ambassador Mal-
colm Toon.
RABIN remarked that he was
well aware of the American at-
titude and positions, "but I do
not have to say that these are
always right." Mrs. Meir was
more vociferous in giving vent to
her feelings. She described the
American support of the Security
Council consensus as harmful
and insulting to Israel, and
"We do not deserve it," Mrs.
Meir said. "Those who back the
U.S. attitude at the Security
Council know only too well that
they cannot compel Israel to
accept something that will un-
dermine its security. If anybody
thinks he could force us and
soften us through a UN reso-
lution be is mistaken," she said.
Mrs. Meir questioned whether
American policy has "changed
Colder Work in Jerusalem
JERUSALEM (JTA) The last major work by the
famed sculptor Alexander Calder, who died last week at 78, will
be erected at Holland Square in Beit Hakerem, Jerusalem, next
May, it was learned here over the weekend.
Calder donated the model for the work during his first and
only visit to Jerusalem last year. He picked the site himself.
THE SCULPTURE is now being completed at Tours,
France, It is being paid for by Phillip Berman of Allen town. Pa.
overnight," and if Washington
believes that a weak Israel would
be easier to deal with.
SHE SAID that talk of the two
sides taking risks for peace "are
nothing but lip service" because
to date it was only Israel that
took risks by returning territory
and strategic positions.
Toon told the delegates that
the American representative at
the Security Council joined the
consensus only after negative
elements were deleted from the
statement. He said the U.S. had
to maintain its credibility in the
world and in the Middle East,
meaning apparently that failure
to go along with the condem-
nation of Israeli actions in the
Arab territories would have lost
Washington leverage in the Arab
Toon was summoned to a
meeting with Foreign Minister
Yigal AUon at his Tel Aviv office
and was told bluntly to inform
Secretary of State Henry A.
Kissinger about Israel's "deep
sorrow" and disappointment over
America's position in the
Security Council.
A COMMUNIQUE issued by

the Foreign Ministry later said
AUon had informed Toon that
"Israel was not unaware of dif-
ferences existing between Israel
and the U.S. concerning Israel's
policies in those areas," but that
there was no necessity to voice
those differences "every hour"
and in "every place."
The communique added that
AUon had "expressed his apprec-
iation in regard to positive
elements in the U.S. repre-
sentative's speech concerning
Israel's policies, but pointed out
that as for as Israel was con-
cerned, the negative content of
the final statement for out-
weighed any positive comment
that may have been mads."
IT WAS apparent that Alton's
snger was more than simply a
reaction called for by diplomacy.
During a chance meeting with
Toon at a reception for visiting
American Congressmen here,
AUon snapped "good morning"
to the U.S. envoy and was over-
neard by reporters to say, "It is
only a diplomatic duty that I
greet you good morning on such a
According to American offi-
cials, the U.S. joined the con-
sensus statement because it was
more moderate than a smularo
which the U.S. had opposed I
the Security Council last May.
The officials said that
making the statement ffli
imous, the US. forestalled
even stronger condemnation j
Israeli practices in the ad-
istered territories.
SUCH A statement
most certainly have been I
by a majority of the
Counril in face of UA
position. Since the condenuas
was in the form of conf
statement rather than *
resolution, it would not na
subject to an American vw>
Israeli sources here and
Washington reportedly w
agree in private wj
ican explanation. But they
nonetheless, deeply cone
on Israel will be brought to"
much sooner after the *"**"
Presidential elections tl
They are also clearly all
that the Security Cound
ment wUl encourage e*
elements in the ^uTvl,
areas to launch a new

L December 3,1976
The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County
Page 11
CRC Update
Chairman Community Relations
Council Jewish Federation of
Palm Beach County
hollowing are question and\
E, from a reprint of the
Jewish Committee,
*te of Human Relations)
imAt: h American support
el responsible for high oil
r- That was the Arab
Lnda line in Oct. 1973,
[the Arab states launched
oil embargo and the
buation of Petroleum
ting Countries (OPEC)
fcl prices 400 percent.
\t then, however, it has
clear that the embargo
.ally intended to demon-
Western dependence on
OPEC countries and to
lidate OPKC power as a
fixing cartel. I In fact, the
jice hike did not originate
(the Arab states though,
fasly. they try to get
|al mileage out of it.
ding to the Senate Sub-
fttee on Multinational
ations, the impetus came
Iran, which is not an Arab
and Venezuela, halfway
Itheglobe from Israel).
I prices will remain exor-
as long as the oil-
ing countries enjoy a near
oly of the world's fuel
. Stringent conservation
fs to reduce oil con-
lion and the speedy
ppmeni of alternative
I and supplies of fuel not
Ibandonnicm of Israelare
Uy ways to being down the
of oil.
?h Court to Hear
toother Case
US. Supreme Court an-
I that it will hear another
i the issue of how far an
must go to accom-
I the religious observances
case involves Larry
on who was fired by Trans
Airlines in 1969 for
to work on Saturdays.
belongs to the World
Wiurch of God, a Christian
" observes the Sabbath
undown Friday to sun-
Saturday in the manner of
pox Jews.
N0V 2, the Supreme
l'P'11 4- in an almost
Wi case involving a
F of the same church who
W the Parker Seal Co. of
split decision had the
r at"rming a lower court
El. bm or of the com-
fcj"^Was inconclusive as
frjedent. Nevertheless, it
Trim y the National
^mission on Law and
Lah^ ,CLPA> wich
JSSj* the Orthodox
fcquestion remains how
gjy 'highest court inter-
r language of a 1972
A* ?u the 1964 C'vU
. that requires em-
Z^e "reasonable
of w Lto the *
of workers as long as
ison case, a U.S.
y* with the law in
10 "aolve Hwdison-,
[ g^ry to the com-
" reLPreme Court
render a derision
next mimnw.
Question: Doesn't the U.S.
need Arab investments
markets to
Answer: The oil nations are
investing their excess profits all
over the world, with large
amounts going into U.S.
Government bonds, money
markets, stocks and real estate.
The U.S. is also probably the
largest supplier of military
hardware to Iran, Saudi Arabia
and other OPEC countries, and
American companies are con-
tracting to supply millions of
dollars in goods, services and
know-how to the Arab world.
Even the highly publicized
Arab boycott of companies doing
business with Israel is, it ap-
pears, applied capriciously, and
often ignored altogether when the
Arab states need what such
companies can privide.
While the U.S. encourages
Arab investments, purchases and
business dealings with American
firms. Congress is exploring the
need for additional legislation to
guard against takeover and
control by foreign investors of
certain strategic industries, and
to strengthen protections against
discriminatory business practices
aimed at American Jews and
companies doing business with
There is no evidence to date
that a nation's support ot non-
support for Israel figures in the
Arab's investment decisions. In
fact, the less developed nations of
Africa, which cut off relations
with Israel at the bidding of the
Arabs, have been among the
hardest hit by the Arab's
economic policies.
Continued from Page 1
Israel recognizes that the
resolution of the problem of
the Palestinian Arabs is one of
the conditions of a true Arab-
Israel peace. It has offered
repeatedly to make sub-
stantial contributions toward
such a resolution within a
general settlement.
We urge the United States
and Canada to continue to
provide strong and consistent
diplomatic support for Israel
both in international forums
and in its dealing with other
nations in the Middle East, in
order to achieve recognition,
reconciliation and a lasting
peace settlement, arrived at
by meaningful negotiations
including face-to-face
We laud the repeated
rea formations during the past
year by the President of the
United States, the Secretary
of State and the United States
Ambassador to the United
Nations, joined by members of
Congress, of America's un-
shakable commitment to the
security of Israel, reinforced
by the Administration and
Congress with economic
military grants and credits to
Israel. Further, we note the
positive developments which
have taken place in the last
year such as the im-
plementation of the Sinai
agreement and the "good
fence" at the Lebanese border.
We look to the President
Elect of the United States and
the recently appointed
Secretary of State for External
Affairs of Canada to cany oat
vigorously and prom||Uy the
measures that will support
Israel's security and speed the
achievement of peace in the
Middle I .at.
Fascell Says Helsinki Worth It
wing refused entry to the Soviet
Union and its satellites to study
implementation of the Helsinki
Accord, a group of U.S. con-
gressmen declared that the Hel-
sinki Accord was beginning to
nave a productive, though still
limited effect on the improve-
ment of East-West relations.
However, they told a press
conference at the U.S. embassy
that while practices in some
countries had become more
lenient, procedures for emi-
gration to reunite divided
families not to speak of or-
dinary travel or tourism have
not markedly altered.
of a study mission to Europe, are
Sen. Claiborne Pell (D., R.I.) and
four members of the House of
Representatives: Jonathan
Bingham (D., N.Y.), Dante B.
Fascell (D., Fla.), Mrs. Millicent
Fenwick (R., N.J.), and Paul
Simon (D. 111.).
Asked by the JTA whether the
Helsinki Accord had eased the
flow of Jewish emigrants, Mrs.
Fenwick said that there seemed
to be a steady flow, suggesting
that there might be a quota on
the volume of people allowed to
She also claimed that it was no
longer necessary to acquire a
characteristika a character
reference from an employer in
order to obtain a visa.
SHE AGREED that leading
refuseniks like Profs. Lemer,
Levich and Azbel, were still
banned from leaving.
However, she pointed to the
emigration of Prof. Anatoly
Rubin, the expert on ancient
Chinese philosophy.
"In August, 1975," she said,
"I was told it was impossible to
mention his name to the
They spoke to many refugees
from the Eastern bloc. In Vienna,
they met Jews who had just
arrived from the Soviet Union,
and officials of the Jewish
Agency and HIAS.
REP. FASCELL, chairman of
the mission, said he was con-
fident, on assuming the presi-
dency, Mr. Carter would support
the Helsinki Accord "as long as
implementation is part of the
process, and with human rights
right at the top."
The Soviet Union's refusal to
permit the study mission to visit
its territory was "contrary to the
whole concept of Helsinki," he
He was noncommital about a
suggestion that the mission had
been barred because the Soviet
authorities feared it would seek
to consult with the unofficial
Soviet Helsinki "watch-dog"
group set up under Prof. Orlov.
Mrs. Fenwick pointed out that
she and some of her colleagues on
the study mission had been
attacked as "enemies of detente"
in the Communist bloc press.
Extend Chanukah Greetings To
Fi..oot.nds.ndTo; lYour Motives and Friendsl
Mr. Mort Gilbert
900 S. Military Trail, WPB 33406
[Cost of gretting is $10.00]
r------------' ii iii -
l """"""
Mr. and Mn..............................................
Extend Chanukah Greetings and Bast Wishes for toe New Year to
Or Call Mr. Gilbert at 683-1193
Jewish Community Day School
5348 Grove Street West Palm Beach
Added Attraction:
Tickets Available T- :Ve<
at 8 P.M.
DONATION $5.00 Make Checks payable to Jewish Community Day School
ft. Cong. Anshei Sholom, 5348 Grove St., W.P.B. 33409

i e 14
fne JeivtsA Floridian of Palm Beach County
V)?r CC' Teen Councii Board plans some of the many Winter events for teens mentioned in
JCC presents. (left to right) Sandy Klinger, Patty Waltzer, Michael LifshiU, Sandra Gam,
Ateve Kaplan, Eva Kornberg, Ira Kornberg
Flexer to Sing At JCC Seniors
Shoshana Flexer, soprano and interpreter nf i_
songs, will entertain the Senior Adult Groiin ?"fh,rtl
next regular second Tuesday of the month mJ? the JCc3
Mrs. Jean Rubin, chairman of the groSJ? **"*r
Mrs. Flexer has sung for many Jewish and i. i
in New York and along the eastern seacoast B?
and television. She sings in eight lantrua.,L k '
Yiddish and I sraeli songs. uu&uage8 but sped.
In addition to the program, there will be PK l .
holiday celebration. The public is invited to M-Jy.l,tl*
of Dec. 14 at 1 p.m. attend the aft,,
Mayors Visit Jerusalem]
salem since 1967 ;,
some of the majorZ
running the city.
The mayors, who an I
study Israeli appr^
vanous problems" asSl
questions regarding
aspects of Jerusaem
toured the city.
The 16 mayors will be in
as Part of an exchange p
between the two countries
THE TRIP, spoMor^
Israel government and tb.1
of Local Authorities in
Sixteen American mayors who
arrived here for a 10-day visit in
Israel met with Jerusalem Mayor
Teddy Kollek at City Hall.
The delegation, headed by
Mayor Kenneth A. Gibson of
Newark, who is chairman of the
U.S. Conference of Mayors, was
received by Kollek and his wife.
icans to sit where his own council
members usually sit and said,
jokingly, "I hope this session will
be easier than the usual City
Council meetings."
Kollek told the visitors about
the rapid development of Jeru-
JCC Presents
Widow and Widower Workshop will be conducted at the JCC in
cooperation with Phil Weinstein of Levitt Memorial Chapels on
Dec. 5 and 12 at 8 p.m. Vivian Becker. M.S.W., executive director
of the center will lead the group in a discussion of their ex-
periences and explore new ways of relating to a new existence.
On Dec. 12, Pamela Nestinger, M.H.T. of Growth Associated
and staff person with Dr. Robert Alsofrom will lead the workshop
I he emphasis will be on the emotional and practical aspects of
adjustments to a different life style. The event is being chaired by
Cheryl Eisenberg and Marlene Ganz. Fee: JCC members free
non-members $10.00. Call 689-7700 to register.
Backgammon for Beginners: An eight-week course in begin-
ning backgammon will be taught Mondays at 7:30 p.m. at the
JCC. A maximum, limit of 12 people in a class has been set and
students are expected to supply their own standard size boards
Instructor Jane Lieberman will commence classes on Jan. 3 Fees
r ired* $1' nonmember9 ,2- Advance registration
Sunday for Seniors: Just a reminder that the "Sunday for
beniors has begun and we would like you to join us on Sunday
L>ec. 5 for an afternoon featuring backgammon, bridge'
discussions and general good times. Light refreshments are
served. Beginning at 12:45 p.m. (There is no charge. For more
information call Joel Levine at 689-7700.
The Second Tuesday Club for Senior Adults will be going aU
out Tuesday, Dec. 14 with a Chanukah Latke Party. Enter
tainment will be provided by Shoshanah Flexer, a professional
singer specializing in Jewish music. Come and bring friends
Donation 50 c.
Registration is now taking place for a Yiddish Conversation
Class. To meet everyone's needs, call the JCC office to indicate
your interest so we can begin in January.
Beaux Art Show and Sale will take place on Sunday, Jan. 16, at
the Westward Shopping Center. Quality area artists and craft-
sman are being sought to participate. Arts and Crafts classes for
children and body painting for teenagers are planned. Many art
prizes will be awarded during the day.
Mimi Kreisler invites interested persons to join the newest
cultural force in the community. Proceeds will benefit the JCC
Scholarship Fund.
The JCC now has available a Shook Katan featuring some hand
made Israeli Jewelry as well as art and wall hangings. AU
proceeds from the sale of these items will benefit the JCC
Scholarship Fund. Please come in and browse. In addition, books
of Jewish interest and T-shirts appropriate for Chanukah gifts are
available at the JCC offices.
sti^ss^zzr .shafts
^I^F"-* Cookia8 instruction will begin Thursday. Jan 6
from 10:00 ajn to 12:30 psn. This will be a 6-week course in
[Baltic udI Middle Easter, cooldng. Lolik, an Israeli gourmet cook
lof hephardic origin will be the instructor. Registration is limited
land participants are asked to sign up in advance Fees JCC
members $12.00, non-members $25.00. Fees do not include
lingrediants. Take home what you cook. Call 689-7700 to rerister
Class limited.
Satudary night. Jan. 8, 8:00 p.m.. Kathy Eggleton will give a
talk on Astrology at the center. Come and hear what can be
learned from a birth-time horoscope. Well hear about how
astrology can be useful in counseling and personal self-
actualization. Skeptics as well as enthusiasts are invited. Coffee
and cake will be served. Call 689-7700 of you plan to come and
being friends.
Ulpan Modern Hebrew Conversation: Registrations for the new
semester of Ulpan instruction are now being taken. Both
beginning and intermediate levels will be offered. The emphasis of
the Ulpan method is on modern spoken Hebrew. Classes are
limited. Call Sue Levi, 689-7700 for more details.
D P"E'^Dr Myles Coolev *>" aBflin be offering a course in
Parent Effectiveness Training on Monday nights at the JCC from
Jan. 10, to Feb. 28, at 7:15 to 10:15 p.m. Parents interested in
improving the quality of family like through a better un-
uf!^,n heldful. Fees: JCC members $45. non-members $55.
December is Teen Month at the JCC
Dec. 5-Senior High Teens-Beach Party at Phipps Park.
Barbeque. good company, last beach days. 11:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m.
ree: JCC me nbers $1.50. non-members $2.00
Dec 20-24. Senior High Vacation Trip to Atlanta. A week long
excursion featuring tours to: Stone Mountain; Six Flags over
Georgia; Atlanta Underground; Omni Sports Arena; Omni
Amusement Complex. Fee includes food: JCC members $80.00
non-members $110.00. ~~.w,
C.n.i 2i Junj,nHi8h TriP Cypress Gardens .nd Cape
Canaveral. A carefully supervised tour designed expressly for
tweens. Fee: Members $40.00; non-members $60.00.
For Children of AU Ages:
Special events:
Mini Camp for a Maxi Experience-
forFihhildr?!! K"6 ^f^ From 2031 'Registration open
Jrith or "'her week) 9:00 a.m. to 3:00 p.m. Monday to Friday
A hill program offering a combination of educational field trips
and presentations, athletics, music and arts and crafts Contart
Wayne Karlin at 689-7700 for registration. intact
On-Going Classes:
Registration is still available for courses recently added to our
ongoing classes. Tennis for beginners. Tuesdays 4 to 5o m fol
grades one to f.veJCC members $10; non-memben$H) Arta ani
d^oaLTd"S rrS iferi"g Ceramic8' moMic- ".
12 workshops on Jew,sT?alue Za K"9c1her^rh is a series of
number of registrant on sjEZiS T?* pen to limi^
JCC membereand JS.S i*SZlT TS**1' Fne to
resources provided by the JOffTS? *""** AU materials and
will be a culmmatingweekS o?^ ,HW ^ rWerve a P,ace There
the participants wee*-nd study and encounter planned by
of the palm beaches, inc.
41S Okeecbobee Boulevard, West Palm Beach, Florida 3Mf
Telephone *89-77tt
Alton Woi
The Cabinet unani
supported Foreign Minst,
Alton's strong expresskil
pleasure over the U.S. t
ment of the consensus su_
by the Security Council
conveyed his position u|
terms to U.S. Amb
Malcolm Toon.
He called the Council's i
"a blow" to any politicalp
toward peace.
criticism at a Cabinet i_
told hi.s colleagues that;
reaction has been expn
other member states .
Security Council as well i
In a radio interview,,
the U.S. move was i
diction of its conduct
Security Council last May]
it rejected what, accords
Alton, was a less hostile j
Officials here speculatad|
the American support oft
sensus statement wail
tributable to Secretary d\
Henry A. Kissinger's
interest in restoring ha I
credibility with Arab
an even-handed statesman.)
that the U.S.
elections are over, I
seeks to restore the .
status quo ante, and this 1
the future course An
policy may take in the
East, the officials said.
Odd Fellows
"Honor and third
night" was the meeting t
the Palm Beach Odd
Lodge No. 88 recently
their own Temple, do
West Palm Beach.
More than 60 lodge:
including some visitors
of town, participated in'
the visitation of Florida >>
Grand Master, Brother M
Downs of Palatka, FT-
witnessed the third degree'
performance conferred up
new members, accord
Brother Max Davidoff, i
secretary. ^
New officers for W,
elected and the assent
proved a "Day of Lw%
trip slated for Friday. 1*^
A New Year's dance ij
planned to take place'n<
Village West Palm
Palm Beach Odd
Lodge No. 88 meets every
and third Wednesday <*|
month at 7:30 p.m.
AU Brother Odd"
residing in or visiting ,
Beach may a"end

The Jewish Fbridian of Palm Beach County
^Carter and the Middle East
Page 13
jatinufd from Page 4
Lpfc in the last hjJf-
years or so, the Last
I Communist bloc has
only to equal but to out-
Soviet Union in tech-
this end, countries like
Hungary and Rumania
rd the blandishments
credit and industrial
But inflation and
in the West caught
juntries in a terrible bind;
uld not afford to buy more
new prices at the same
that they found it in-
gly hard to pay back what
id long since signed for.
indebtedness to Western
iism increased as their
economic capability to deal with
the indebtedness declined.
GIEREK visit was
ostensibly intended to cast the
Russian Bear in the role of the
Lone Ranger riding to the rescue.
for playing footsie with the cap-
italists? From no on, you do it mv
way, or else ...
THIS MEANS a renewed and
stronger exchange of goods with
the Soviet Union, inferior goods
at that, and an end to satellite
Hut as the'.Sueddeutsche Zeitung dreams for abandoning mediocre
points out th* I Soviet technology
points out, the Lone
Ranger "has no high esteem at all
for refractory Poland (or for any
other revanchist satellite), but
there will be MM advantage to
him, too, in helping Poland."
As the Zeitung sees it, "In
return for this aid, Soviet Party
Chief Brezhnev demands 'ideo-
logical unity and political sol-
idarity.' "
What Moscow can hence-
forward preach to the enslaved
states is this: Sm what you get
It means a tighter Soviet grip
on the Eastern bloc than before,
at least since the mid-1950s.
All of which makes the
President Ford statement in his
second debate with Jimmy Carter
about the diminished, if not non-
existent, Soviet presence in
Eastern Europe an absurdity.
That statement, some pundits
declare, helped seal Ford's doom
in his race for the presidency.
made at least as absurd a
statement in the third and final
debate, when he said that under
his administration the United
States would send no troops and
offer no challenge in the event of
a Soviet invasion of Yugoslavia
when now 82-year-old Tito finally
passes away.
Both absurdities are opposite
sides of the same coin: that old
sacred cow, spheres of inter-
national influence, which must
lot be challenged or disturbed. If
me had to choose between ab-
surdities. Carter's statement is
the more compelling one, not only
>ecause, since he is President-
Elect it can hardly matter any-
more what Ford said, but because
what Ford said was said in
late Dept Pressed to Explain Consensus
- The State
kment is hard-pressed
pplain convincingly
the United States
in the UN Security
to censure Israel
than two weeks after
Bent Ford was telling
rican voters his
Administration was sup-
porting Israel in every way,
and Secretary of State
Henry A. Kissinger said
only a few days before that
he would not "preempt"
the incoming Carter
Administration in the
transition period.
The Department is ex-
plaining that the Council's
rance, Brzezinski
\For State Sec'y?
t-Elect Jimmy Carter's
coordinator has in-
the successor to-. Sec-
|of State Henry Kissinger
' yet been selected, and
lissinger would provide
[to him and the new Chief
ilton Jordan, head of
successful campaign for
pidency, said on the CBS-
program "Face the
he does not rule out
I Vance, former Defense
or Zbigniew
"'. Columbia Uni-
professor. from high
| the new administration.
HAVE been mentioned
f.rUniners for Secretary of
the President's
P" lor National Security
'.about Carter's reference
Mr their meeting
Mh Plains. Ga., as his
M old friend," and his
1 tong relationship with
him, Jordan said there is a
tradition of former Secretaries of
State being available to the
President and their successors for
advice and counsel.
"I am certain that President-
Elect Carter, when he is Presi-
dent, would want to have that
kind of relationship with
Secretary Kissinger," Jordan
"No specific role has been
discussed. That would be inap-
propriate before Gov. Carter
decided who he wanted to be his
own Secretary of State. So that's
premature at this point.''
SAYING IT is also
"premature for us" to discuss
suggestions that Kissinger serve
as a special envoy to the Middle
East, Jordan said that in the*
interim period before Carter is in-
augurated Jan. 20, the "main
thing" is for Carter and Vice
President-Elect Walter Mondale
"to have a close relationship in
the exchange of information"
between them and President
Ford and Kissinger.
tportation Hearing for
wi. Janitor Postponed
I Kamin i/ ~~ '"^A) A deportation hearing for
'ish ad char8ed with complicity in the murder of
janu and children in Lithuania in 1941, was post-
'5or' a 7.3"year-1d janitor in Hartford, Conn.,
Wat t a" ImmiK,,ation and Naturalization Service
fataWT? on char&es that he falsified his Nazi past
^'grated to the United States in 1941.
its Ri i AR^ES were made against two Latvian
fctkJ. 7t aV8 Maikovskis, ?2, of Mineola, LI., and -
New Y^' of Baltimore when they appeared in INS public* acknowledged its unfair-
ew ork and BnlHm> nets. He told the Council: The
condemnation of Israel for
its settlements in admin-
istered areas and other
policies is a "consensus
statement" and not a
"resolution" and therefore
it is not binding on any
questioned by reporters as a
distinction without a difference in
the anti- Israel impact it is
designed to make on Western
public opinion by Israel's
The "resolution" and "state-
ment" argument was offered by
State Department spokesman
Robert Funseth when he was
asked why the U.S. had blocked
similar Soviet-Arab proposals in
the Council last March and May.
He pointed out that those
resolutions called on Israel to
"rescind" those policies while the
"statement" said "refrain."
Also, he said, no country is
named as "profaning holy
places." Since Israel alone is in
control of the Holy Land,
reporters were mystified as to
what other country could be
involved in the Department's ex-
planation about "profaning" in
the statement.
AS FOR Kissinger's pledge
not to "preempt" before the Ford
Administration leaves office Jan.
20, Funseth explained that the
Administration is still the
government and has "respon-
Since the censure was
deliberately delayed from
presentation in the Council by its
backers during the election cam-
paign, Funseth was asked
whether the U.S. would have
agreed to it two weeks ago.
He claimed it would have,
contending the statement reflects
the U.S. "previous position," and
"we consistently held to that."
This "consistency" was
questioned by reporters who
wanted to know now it was
logical that the position was con-
sistent when for five years the
U.S. had resisted such condem-
nation in the Council and this
was the first time the U.S. agreed
to it.
EARLY THIS year, William
Scranton, the U.S. Ambassador
to the UN, criticized Israel's
policy of establishing settlements
;n the administered territorities
as an obstacle to Mideast peace.
Funseth would not discuss a
question on whether the U.S.
delegation at the UN was divided
on the position it had taken. He
pointed out that the delegation
received its instructions from the
The question arose because one
U.S. delegate, Albert W. Sherer,
with the 14 other Council
members to condemn Israel at
this time was seen as based on at
least three other reasons. One is
that Egypt sponsored the
condemnation, and Egypt is
seeking to regain its leadership in
the Arab world.
President and Mrs. Sadat both
publicly hoped for a Ford victory
in the Presidential race. A
political "thank you" from
Washington was thus in order.
Another factor is that the
OPEC nations meet next month
on whether to raise oil prices
which the importing nations,
including those in the Security
Council, oppose. Joining them
was considered an inexpensive
way for the U.S. to show its
solidarity both with the im-
porters and the oil-rich Arabs.
A THIRD, more subtle factor,
is that Arabists within the U.S.
Administration are believed to be
bent on recognizing the Palestine
Liberation Organization, and this
was an opportunity to move a
step closer toward that goal.
Pro-Israelis, embittered by the
U.S. attacks on Israel's policies
in the administered territories
last spring, were not mollified by
the softening in the latest censure
by "consensus."
An Israeli Embassy spokes-
man said, "It is another obstacle
to peace. It poisons the atmo-
sphere." Similar reactions
issued by major
Advertising Representative
His Telephone Number it
Beyond these things, the
Carter statement acknowledges
the reality of Soviet expan-
sionism, which is what the
German press saw in the Gierek
visit as prelude, and I agree;
while the Ford statement, tem-
pered by the Bismarckian myth-
making of Henry Kissinger,
denied it.
FOR THOSE of us particularly
anxious about the President-
Elect's future foreign policy in
.he Middle East, there is much to
be learned in how he reacts to the
Soviet Union's renewed power
plays in Eastern Europe as
exemplified by the Gierek visit to
For example, why is it ac-
ceptable in our eyes these days
or so many countries to move in
jehalf of their national integrity,
including some on whose soil our
best men have spilled their blood
to defeat them: North Vietnam
on South Vietnam, the inev-
itability of North Korea on South
Korea, the possibility of the
Soviet Union on Yugoslavia, not
to mention the lethal can of
worms that Syria on Lebanon
But when it comes to the fate
of Israel, all the world can think
of is amputation Israel's
Carter's reaction is consistent
with his statement on projected
Soviet invasion of Yugoslavia,
then will his consistency apply to
Israel and the occupied ter-
ritories, too?
Or will it flipflop wildly, as the
Ford administration flipflopped
hardly two weeks after the elec-
tion when it voted at the United
Nations to censure Israel's
occupation policies and her
"illegal" presence in Old
How Carter reacts to renewed
demonstrations of Soviet power
in Eastern Europe may well hold
the answer to what he will do in
the Middle East that is,
assuming he operates on the old
principle that what is sauce for
the goose ought to be sauce for
the gander.
If President-Elect Carter is not
consistent with his campaign
statements, then amputation is
indeed in Israel's future.
West Pa|m Beach
You can obtain substantial
savings when you purchase your
needs at the most beautiful All-
Jewish cemetery in Palm Beoch
For Details Phone
686 0646
Palm Beach County's Only All Jewish Cemetery
Serving the entire Jewish Community
5932 Okeechohee Blvd. W Palm 684-2277
W. Palm Beach. Fla. 33409 Oelray 427-3220
ngs were also postponed until January or
criticism of Israel which
dominated these proceedings has
been largely one-sided and ex-
Royal Palm Memorial Gardens
[Esf. in 1962]
5601 Greenwood Avt., Wtst PoJm Beoch
Dedicated Garden of David
for information on prontod planning

"i nejewisn tloncUan of Palm Beach County
With the
Palm Beach OUT Delegates
Attend National Conference
The city of Cincinnati Oh.
recently welcomed 600 delegates
of Women's American ORT to
the Eleventh National Board
Delegates from the Palm
Beach County Region were Ann
Cohen, Executive Committee
chairman and Harriet Paul,
education chairman.
Guest speakers at the con-
vention included Rep. Morris
Udall (D-Ariz), Ruth Eisenberg,
national president of Women's
American ORT, Michael Avt-
zour, deputy director of ORT
Israel, and David Albertstein,
chief of operations of the World
United Order Of ******
True Sisters
A meeting of the United Ordei
of True Sisters, Inc. Palm Beach
County No. 61, will be held
Monday, Dec. 13, at the Holiday
Inn, Century Village.
Initiation of new members will
be held. Refreshments will be
served prior to the meeting.
On Wednesday, Dec. 8 a birth-
day luncheon and fashion show
will be held at the Ramada Inn.
Frances Berger is in charge of
Pioneer Women
The next meeting of the'
Pioneer Women, Golda Meir
Club, will be held on Wednesday.
Dec. 8 at 1 p.m. at the Jewish
Community Center, West Palm
Beach. The program will be a film
showing "50 Years of Pioneer
On Sunday, Dec. 12, the Golda
Meir Club of Pioneer Women will
hold a Rummage Sale at Super-X
on Military Trail, from 9 a.m. to 5
National Council
Of Jewish Women
The National Council of Jewish
Women, Okeechobee Unit will
meet on Thursday, Dec. 16 at
12:30 p.m. t the Jewish Com-
munity Center.
A Chanukah program will be
presented by Esse Salking and
Dorothy Surtshin accompaniec
by Ruth Hyde. A coffee and
social hour will precede the
For information Etta Levine
can provide Aore information.
Yidd&h Culture
The Yi(
Century Vj
next two
Culture Group of
^ge meets Tuesday
10 a.m. at the
ge Clubhouse. The
programs are as
On Dec. jRShirley Fleishman
will chair IB meeting and Rose
Herzberg wm be accompanied bv
Fannie Fsflbw on the pino.
Jack Zuckeflpn, vocalist, will be
accompanieftby Ruth Hyde on
the piano aM Dori Dacher will
perform selobd readings.
On Dec. ] I the program will
consist of Bn Finkenthal and
Jackie Lorbgf, violinists; Helen
Penka, piadiit; Philip Herman,
mandolin; JPaul Mendelsohn,
Esther ajfd Leon Colon,
vocalists; and Gabriel Rabinbach
performing selected readings.
The B'nai B'rith Olympic XI
Lodge of Boca Raton is spon-
soring their second Annual
"Thanksgiving Sharing
The public is invited to donate
staple foods, canned goods or a
cash contribution\so that less
fortunate families in the area may
also have a day of Thanksgiving.
B'nai B'rith Palm Beach Lodge
will hold its second Annual Art
Auction on Dec. 5, at the
Sheraton Inn at Palm Beach
Lakes Boulevard.
Viewing will begin at 7 p.m.,
with the actual acution taking
place at 8 p.m. A large selection
of art will be on display.
Century Village
The Century Village Mandolin
Ensemble, under the direction of
Mac Ball, recently performed for
the Deborah Hospial at the
Salvation Army Building. They
also gave a concert at the Golden
Lakes Condominium, the
proceeds of which go to the
United Jewish Appeal.
Temple Israel
The Sisterhood of Temple
Israel is sponsoring a special
fund-raising luncheon for their
Braille Project. The luncheon will
be held in Schwartzberg Hall at
Temple Israel. West Palm Beach,
noon on Monday, Dec. 13.
Proceeds will go to Volunteer
Braille Services.
Bea Fichman, chairman of the
Volunteer Braille Servcices will
conduct the meeting. The speaker
of the afternoon will be Teri
Abrams, teacher and Mobility
Specialist for the Exceptional
i Child Education Program.
The Temple Israel Sisterhood
Volunteer Braille Services are
available to the Palm Beach
County School system through
their Exceptional Child
Education Program, as well as
serving the schools in the United
States whose enrollment includes
blind children.
Day School Friends
The Friends of the Jewish
Community Day School will be
sponsoring a Square Dance on
Saturday evening, Dec. 4, 8:30
p.m. at Camp Shalom, on
Belvedere Road, West Palm
Beach. There will be a caller,
prizes and refreshments. Louise
Samuels ia in charge of reser-
ORT Union.
Nathan Gould, executive
director of Women's American
ORT, spoke of developing the
ORT presence in the United
States by building more
vocational schools here. He said,
The .RT 8al was to reach into
the individual community within
the next 10 years."
A new ORT school is being
constructed in New York, Gould
said and, "ORT members are
interested in the global program,
but their interest also lies in the
vocational training aim in our
communities in the United
The North Palm Beach
Chapter of Women's American
ORT (Organization for
Rehabilitation through Training)
is holding their annual luncheon
on Dec. 7 at the Flame
Restaurant in North Palm Beach.
A gourmet luncheon and
professional entertainment will
be featured. For further in-
formation contact Barbara
The first of three mini-
seminars of the Palm Beach
Chapter of Women's American
ORT will be held on Monday,
Dec. 6 at the home of Mrs. Henry
Blum, West Palm Beach, at 1
Helen Witt, education
chairman, will review "World of
Our Fathers" by Irving Howe.
Dessert and tea will be served.
Members and friends are invited
to attend.
On Thursday evening, Dec. 16,
Nathaniel H. Levi of the Norton
Museum will show slides and
discuss Van Goah in his
presentation "To Know Van
Goah." The showing will be held
in the Card Room of Southgate,
South Palm Beach at 8 p.m. for
the members and friends of the
Palm Beach Chapter of ORT.
Refreshments will be served.
Tikvah Hadassah of Century
Village will hold its next meeting
on Monday, Dec. 20,1 p.m. in the
Hospitality room. The program
will feature "Chagal Windows"-
history and narration, with film
by Helen Nussbaum.
Yovel Hadassah will hold their
next regular meeting on Wed-
nesday, Dec. 15, 1 p.m. at the
Ramada Inn. Palm Beach Lakes
The program will feature
Chanukah Songs. a can-
dlelighling ceremony, and will
celebrate the birthday of
Henrietta Szold. the founder of
Hadassah. and the Youth Aliyah
A luncheon and card party, will
be held on Tuesday. Jan. 18, at
the Sweden House. Rose Pearl is
in charge of tickets and in-
Shalom Hadassah will hold a
general meeting on Tuesday,
Dec. 14, 1 p.m. at the West Palm
Beach Library, on Clematis
The program will consist of a
Chanukah candlelighting
ceremony with an original script
by Lillian Yelowitz.
The Study Group will meet in
December in the Hospitality
Room to continue the series on
Jewish Personalities and the
Prayer Book.
A Mini-Bazaar and Cake Sale
will be held on Thursday. Dec. 16,
from 10 a.m. to 3 p.m. at
Chatham R 355, Century Village.
In the event of rain, the event will
be postponed for the following
Golda Meir Hadassah has gone
over the 400 mark in their current
membership drive. Since this
past June, 71 new members were
added, in addition to 12 lifetime
On Dec. 16, Golda Meir group
will meet at Temple Beth
Sholom, Lake Worth, at 12:30
p.m., in honor of Chanukah. A
candlelighting ceremony is
The "Goldaliers," a choral
group directed by Pearl Bassiur
and accompanied by Norma
Plump, will entertain, Refreah-
menta will be served.
Area Bond Campaigns Begin
Golden Lakes Sets Event
The 1976-1977 Palm Beach
County State of Israel Bond
Campaign gets under way with
special events being hosted by
area condominiums, according to
Michael B. Small, general
The Golden Lakes Village
Israel Bond Committee is hosting
a Chanukah celebration on
Monday evening, Dec. 6 at 7:30
p.m. at the Golden Lakes Village
The Second Annual Gala
Chanukah Celebration will honor
Marge and Philip Goldstein, at
which they will be presented the
Koah Award in recognition of
their service for the Jewish
Eddie Schaffer, humorist, will
be the guest entertainer. Refresh-
ments will be served.
Mr. and Mrs. Max Koffs serve
as general chairmen of I
Golden Lakes Israel Bond I
m,tee. The committeey
Helen Brown. Mr. and Mn "
Berger, Mr. and Mrs ii
Bernstein Mr. and Mrs. w]
Brand, Mr. and Mrs H,
Deutsch, Mr. and Mrs rl
Feit, Mr. and K Ge
!SStem- Mr and Mrs.
Gordon, Mr. and Mrs
Greenwald, Mr. and Mrs
Halprin, Mr. and Mrs fo
Herman, and Mr. and Mrs I
Also serving on the comn
are Mr. and Mrs. Isaac Ka
Mr. and Mrs. Koffs, Mr.
Mrs. Leon Langberg, Mr
Mrs. Fred Lassoff, Mr. and!
Ben Pack, Mr. and Mrs L
Preiss, Mr. and Mrs. Morris I
wartz, Mr. and Mrs. 1
Sharpe and Mr. and Mrs. Mk
Bonds to Honor Sylvia Messing
Sylvia Messing of Palm Beach
and New Jersey will be the guest
of honor at the Fourth Annual
International Premiere 1976
Israel Bond Fashion Show and
Luncheon on Wednesday, Dec. 15
at noon at the Breakers Hotel, it
has been announced by Mrs.
Henry Blum, Palm Beach County
Women's Division Chairman.
Fulfilling a commitment to
better the lives of underprivi-
leged or sick children, Mrs.
Messing is involved in many
Mrs. Messing's concern for
better education for all in-
dividuals, children and adults,
remains another priority. She
believes that through education
people's lives are broadened and
opportunities become realities.
She is one of four individuals
who will be honored by the local
chapter for Cystic Kibrosis
year. A Sisterhood board mem|
of Temple Kmanuel C
gation, Mrs. Messing also
with Hadassah and Na
Council of Jewish Women.
a patron of Variety Internati
an organization to help si
children. She, along with
husband, Morris, are active
the Israel Bond Organization.
Because of their support.
and Mrs. Messing have
honored by the Sylvia and M
Messing School for Further E
cation at Hebrew University
"We are proud and d
honored to have the privilege!
paying tribute to Mrs. Messi
said Mrs. Blum. "Sheisawoi
of rare compassion, and a w
whose deeds symbolize
humanitarian efforts.'' she
Soviet Authorities Releas<
Two Jewish Activists
NEW YORK (JTA) Soviet authorities have un
pectedly released two Jewish activists who were facing pns
terms of up to five years for their part in demonstrations
Moscow Jews last month to demand to know why they h
been denied exit visas.
Boris Chernobilsky and Dr. Iosif Ahs, who were to
trial shortly on charges of "malicious hooliganism," werei
by Soviet authorities that they were being freed because it
their first offense and because both are family men.
THE NATIONAL Conference on Soviet Jewry called
move "unprecedented" and reported that it was "&*****
amazement by other Jewish activists who said they could
remember a previous incident where criminal charges d>d i
ultimately result in conviction and imprisonment.'*
According to the NCSJ, veteran activist Vladimir St
attributed the Soviet action to pressure from the United bW
NCSJ chairman Eugene Gold said the release*
welcomed and added, "We are glad the Soviet a"""*,1*
dropped the unwarranted charges against the two Soviet
whose only wish ia to emigrate to Israel."

The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County
016 and Qaay in PubIic SeRvice. .then What?
uaIFA In the 28 years since establishment of the
. f Israel the average age of the Government
State oi _i_j___^_ .,, fa. ..., tl.
'^lio'narv "young P60^ wno rebelled aginat the
SSaM and fought off the Arabs have grown
** 4 mv in service to the State, but few of them
their positions except for reason of death.
was 33 when he served as Israel
at the UN. Ben Gurion held the in-
,,,! nosition of secretary general of Histadruth at
Krai AUon headed the Palmach at 27. Men of this
IS. would todav have little opportunity to fill posta of
IJilar responsibility. The old-timers have not retired.
YITZHAK BEN AHARON, who six years ago had
I lied for mandatory retirement from all positions of
dership responsibility when the office holders reach
aee of 70. this year attained that age and is clearly
Snomood to enforce such retirement upon himself.
Eight years ago an attempt was made to implement a
rtovel solution of this problem. Uri Avneri, then a
latmber of the Knesset, proposed a bill calling for
loMtion of a Council of Veterans of the State," or as
the press quickly dubbed it, a House of Lords. Avneri
presented the Knesset with his detailed proposal.
FIRST OF all, he would limit Knesset membership to
no more than twelve years three terms. He pointed
to the Israel Defense Forces, which seldom keep a
general in responsible military position beyond his 40s.
However, since the "aging" generation of leadership
cannot simply be discarded he proposed that they
become members of the House of Lords.
He would also automatically put in that body retired
Supreme Court Justices, Chief Rabbis, ex-prime
ministers, municipal mayors who were not reelected
pensioned top generals, etc. The Upper House would be
a^eservoir of the best brains and experience in the
Women's Qpoups
k^ a&6 Up to
million memBeRs
[JEWISH WOMEN'S organizations in this country count at
; one million members. This is no small force in American
l communal life, considering that the total Jewish population
(United States men. women and children is below the six
Be importance of the Jewish women's organizations is usually
Sin the fact that they raise millions of dollars each year for
*b causes. Of equal importance, however, is the fact often
oked that through the activities the women play a
.ndous role in strengthening Jewish consciousness in their
among the younger members of their families.
| Boris Smolaal
Ken who are active in Jewish organizations are also taking their
^ very seriously. However, moe'; of them are too busy with
interests to give too much of their time to communal
ELHARDLY find time to read tne nPria ad literature
i they receive from their organizations. Their interest with
uina! affairs expresses itself more through generous financial
butions than in devoting much of their time.
sis not the case with the women. Women read all the material
1 receive from the organizations to which they belong. They are
I missionaries for their organizations in spreading the contents
m material. They constitute a huge army disseminating in-
?i" ,k u *nowledKe on activities of Jewish interest.
*ry they help to develop Jewish consciousness.
ebest-known organization of Jewish women in this country is
wah. It has 350,000 members, which is more than the total
ship of all the Zionist groups of men in the United States
ough Hadassah is the organization of Zionist women in this
y it would be a mistake to think that its program is devoted
""very to Israel.
0E\ER, the major task in which Hadassah is engaged is
fJ^for the programs it conducts in Israel, primarily in the
"I field. This has been the center of its work ever since the
Uob was established about 65 years ago, when it sent the
rwp of American Jewish nurses to Jerusalem.
dm a^'V,euin American Jewish communal life are the women's
u TkV led Jewish APP^ "td of the Jewish
_these groups conduct fund-raising separate from men
among their own members tens of millions of dollars a
OMEvs AMERICAN ORT is also one of the important
liUofth j" country. It has more than 120,000 mem-
"tonal S ply interested in financing and promoting the
trig, of T*/^Brains which ORT is conducting for Jews in
ions f worU. teaching them various technical
denahlinIum artlsanship to complicated modern electronics
g them to stand economically on their own feet.
also thIKi ?f the, natinal organizations of Jewish women
prestirin. Council of Jewish Women. This is the
It ..,i Rroup of organized Jewish women in this
'frwnFp '" 1893 when the wave8 of Jewi8h
* European countries grew larger with every
*An*rican i W0MEN i another organization that is active
I* Jewiah ed. scene- lt conducts public affairs programs,
htikrt Drnor081'0". Pro8rani8, community service programs,
f "grams. It is also supporting a variety of services in
AVNERI WOULD give that body full power and
authority to debate and to deliberate on all major issues
of the day, in every field. They could offer opinions,
advice and recommendations, which would not
necessarily be binding on anyone.
The idea was at first greeted with some amusement.
Then it gathered scattered elements of support. But
when the Knesset debate was held the arguments were
all against the House of Lords. Who would want to be
in a body which had no power or authority? Indeed,
persons named to it would have reason to feel insulted.
They would be told, in effect, that they were no longer
good for anything but to talk and nobody had to
listen to them.
The vote was taken and when the hands were raised,
only the single vote of Uri Avneri was cast in favor.
But the problem remains of how to get the old-timers
co vacate their seats and make way for younger per-
sonnel. The accession of Zevulun Hammer to the
Cabinet as Minister of Social Welfare at the age of 39 is
an encouraging and hopeful step in the right direction.
"toeofth American Jewish Congress is
It follo,e.Tajor "'"on*! Jewish women's groupa in this
l** suhJl I-, Pliciea of the American Jewish Congress
rweJN f funda for th" AJCongreaa. Th
lountry WKn loped orgMiMtion of Labor Zioniat
S,"borrnov e lntere8ted primarily in raising funds for the
The Pioneer
women in

Books on Chad.sim,
hitlep and medicine
FRED BERK is America's leading teacher of
Israel folk dancing. In this slim volume entitled
The Chasidic Dance (UAHC, 64 pp. $3), he has
compiled articles written in the early 1970s
discussing the origin of the Chasidic dance,
material on the development of various forms of
wedding and other festive dances, a history of the
Chasidic dance in the Jewish theater and a
definition of the Chasidic movement.
This survey is followed by a section describing
the dance steps with pictures to introduce us to
the world we hardly know.
WE ARE so inhibited in America in 1976. We
have no spontaneity, no "ecstasy of spirit" as the
Hassidim would say. How many Jews will look at
the Chasid on the street with embarrassment
let alone consider celebrating a Jewish holiday in
a way other than filing solemnly in and out of the
How many feel free to feverishly dance in
celebration of the giving of our Torah rather than
standing by silently watching?
WE NEED not agree with the ideology of
Chassidism, but we may well enliven our attitude
toward the Jewish holidays and enrich our
feelings for Judaism with less formality and
rigidity. And add more reinforced joy, ecstasy
and spontaneity of spirit .
H. W. Koch examines the origins and develop-
ment of The Hitler Youth, 1922-1945 (Stein and
Day, 348 pp. $12.95). Some of his research and
interest comes from personal experience. As a boy
he belonged to a Hitler Youth unit during World
War II.
Koch describes the emergence of the movement
and its rise to power. He shows how the National
Socialist party manipulated the energy and social
consciousness of German youth for its own ends.
By examining the literature, education and
training of the Hitler Youth, Koch provides a
scholarly study of the effectiveness of totalitarian
Susan panof-fl
HOW FRIGHTENING in its similarity to an
American Scout promise which many of us have
made as youngsters, is this Hitler Youth oath: "I
promise in the Hitler Youth to do my duty at all
times in love and faithfulness to help the Fuehrer,
so help me God." Interesting how God's name is
invoked for the support of such activities.
Neil Shulman's account of the misery and
mirth of medical school is chronicled in the enjoy-
able and lighthearted Finally Tm A Doctor
(Scribner's. 258 pp. $7.95).
The author takes us through his pre-med
courses in college, and exposes us to the very real
anxieties of students trying to get into medical
school. He then treats us to a look at the rigorous
four-year stint of medical study itself.
Along with his determination to be a doctor,
Shulman exposes the emotional traumas he had
to face to achieve his goal: the frantic "firsts" in
the operating and emergency rooms: his first
death, a pediatric patient: and his sexual
frustration and deprivation during years of
serious study. Shulman says he is the nice Jewish
boy who finally became a nice Jewish doctor. He
has combined the serious and the comical in a
nice, warmly humorous book.
ispael's BasketBall Season
Is Well Un6ea Way
THE BASKETBALL season is well underway
in Israel, and there have been several additions to
lineups which will have a bearing on the outcome
of the future champion of the National Basketball
The biggest piece of news in this area is that
Mickey Berkowitz, who was a star with the
Maccabi Tel Aviv five prior to last year, has
rejoined his team after a stay in the United
States. Berkowitz wanted to attend an American
college, and after trying without success to enter
Duke University ended up at Nevada-Las Vegas,
a basketball factory.
UNFORTUNATELY for Berkowitz, the Las
Vegas team was just loaded with super talent,
and as a consequence the Israeli star rarely per-
formed with the varsity five. He did perform in
yeoman fashion for the junior varsity and was
promised a shot at a starting berth this year by
the coach at the institution.
Desptie the glamor of American basketball,
which apparently was beginning to wear thin with
Berkowitz, the former all-time junior star of Israel
decided to cast his lot once again with his
Maccabi teammates after contracting for a tidy
sum plus receiving a guarantee that he would be
established in the sporting goods business, much
as Israel's hoop idol, Tal Brady, has been set up
by the Maccabi basketball organization.
Berkowitz had dreams of becoming the first
Israeli player to break into the professional ranks,
but the competition here is just too much for him.
NOW THAT there is but one professional leage
in the United States, Berkowitz realized that his
chances for ever making the grade here were very
slim and decided to take what insiders advised us
is a very lucrative Maccabi contract. The cost of
maintaining amateur basketball in Israel is going
up very rapidly, and the "amateurs" in Israel
receive much more money than they did, say, five
years ago.
The Maccabi team probably should be favored
to win the league title what with the addition of
Berkowitz: the unexpected return of Lou Silver,
former Harvard University stickout. who ap-
parently fell in love with an Israeli woman and
decided to settle in the Holy Land rather than
make his mark in the industrial field in the U.S.
IN ADDITION, the Maccabians of Tel Aviv
have, for International Cup purposes, signed the
most valuable player, last year, from the Eastern
Professional League, Aulcie Perry. The writer
was instrumental in aiding the Maccabians in
securing the services of Perry, who is built like a
toothpick but has one of the finest shootirur
touches within a radius of 25 feet of the hoop.

The Jewish Floridian of Palm Btach County
Oft|t 7i
Eabbtmcal Page
devoted to discussion of themes and issues relevant to Jewish Iffo past and present
co-ordinated by the
Palm Beach County Rabbinical Council
Rabbi William H. Shapiro
Your Rabbi Sneaks
Some Thoughts on Chanukah
Temple Beth Sholom l,.W
More than 2000 years ago,
when our people yet dwelt upon
its own land and the beautiful
Temple stood in Jerusalem,
Palestine fell under the rule of
Antiochus, the King of Syria.
In his attempt to completely
subjugate the Jews and destroy
their faith, he proclaimed
paganism to be the state religion
of Judea and turned the Temple
into a heathen shrine.
The Jewish population was
ordered to offer public sacrifices
to idols. Antiochus might well
f Synagogues in ftttttfl Palm Beach County l^l^l
190) North Flogler Drive P.O. Box 3
West Palm Beach, Florida 33407 Boca Raton, Florida33432 426-1600
Rabbi Irving B. Cohen Rabbi Benjamin Rosayn
Sabbath services, Friday at 8:15 p.m. Sabbath services, Friday at 8:15
TEMPLE BETH EL OF at Unitanan-Universalist
BOCA RATON Fellowship Building 162 W. Palmetto Park Rd
P.O. Box 568 Boca Raton, Florida 33432 391-8901 Rabbi Norman T. Mendel Boca Raton
Sabbath services. Friday at 8:15 2515 N.E. 2nd Court
p.m. Boynton Beach, Florida 33435
Moravian Church, 12th Ave. and For information contact
Palmetto Park Rd., Boca Raton Dr. Sidney Roth, 732-5147
- ANSHEI SHOLOM 5348 Grove Street 275 Alemeda Drive
West Palm Beoch, Florida 33409 Palm Springs. Florida 33460
684-3212 Sabbath services, Friday ot 8
Rabbi Harry Z. Schectman p. m.
Rabbi Emeritus Henry Jer~ch Saturday at 9 a.m.
Daily services at 8:30 a.m. and Mondays and Thursdays at 9 a.m.
5:30 p.m. Services held at Faith United
Friday services at 8:30 a.m. and Presbyterian Church. Palm
5:30 p. m. Also at 8:30 p. m. Springs
Sabbath services at 8:30 am
and 5:30 p.m.
" 2815 North Flagler Drive CONGREGATION
West Palm Beoch, Florida 33407 P O Box 2306
833-0339 1 Boca Raton, Florida 33432 Rabbi Nathan Zehzer
1 Sabbath services Friday at 8 15 Sabbath services, Friday at 8:15
p.m p m.
Saturday at 9:30a.m. 2nd and 4th Saturdays ot 9:30
Daily Minyan at 8:15 a.m..
Sunday at 9 a.m. TEMPLE BETH SHOLOM At Boca Federal Savings & Loan Association
315 North "A" Street
Lake Worth, Flor.da 33460 3901 Federal Highway, Boca
585-5020 Raton
Rabbi Emanuel Eisenberg
Services, Mondays and Thursdays DELRAT HEBREW
at 8:30 a.m.
& Friday at 8:1 5 p.m. CONGREGATION
Saturday at 9:30a.m. Meets at Methodist Fellowship
TEMPLE BETH DAVID Hall 342 N. SwintonAve., Delray
Sabbath services, Friday at 8 p. m. At Westminister Philip Bialer, Lay Leader For information, call Mrs Carl
$* Presbyterian Church Miller, 278-1985
10410 N. Military Trail. Palm Beach Gardens. 321 NortMaVe Blvd., North Palm Beach, Fla.
I Rabbi Hymon Fishman 190 North County Road
i Cantor Nicholas Fenakel Palm Beach, Florida 33480
N.W. Avenue "G" Robbi Max L Formon
Belle Glade. Florida 33430 Cantor David Dordashti (
1 Jack Stateman, Lay Leader Sabbath services. Friday at 8:30
Sobboth services. Friday at 8:30 p.m.
p.m. Saturday at 9 a.m.

have succeeded in his sinister
purpose to destroy our faith has
it not been for a courageous band
of pious people. They took up the
struggle against him under the
leadership of Judah the Mac-
with a spirit of
loyalty to
their people
and devotion
to God, the
small un-
trained Mac-
cabean army
succeeded in
defeating the
numerically RABBI
superior Sy- EISENBERG
nan armv.
The Temple was then purified
and rededicated. An unused cruse
of oil containing sufficient oil for
but one day's burning
miraculously lasted for eight
days. It is therefore that we
celebrate this Festival of Lights
(Chanukah) for eight days, while
we praise the Lord for the
miracles performed for our an-
cestors in ancient days during
this season.
The eight day Jewish Festival
of Chanukah beginning at
spndown. Thurday Dec. 16.
Kislev 25, has a historic
significance which transcends
Judaism. It commemorates what
is thought by many historians to
be the first recorded instance of a
people's fight for their religious
freedom and cultural identity.
This is the struggle which has
persisted for the Jewish people
over the centuries, and the fact of
its celebration is testimony to be
survival of Judaism despite
endless persecutions.
But what, then, is the
significance of Chanukah for us
in the 20th century?
First Chanukah com-
memorates and celebrates the
first serious attempt in history to
proclaim and champion the right
of a people to be different. The
primary aim of the Maccabees
was to preserve their own Jewish
identity and to safeguard for the
Jewish people the possibility of
maintaining its traditions.
What was being defended was
the notion that a vibrant society
needs diversification, for only
then will that society continue to
grow, drawing on the varied
belief's and talents of its people.
Seen from this point of view,
therefore, Chanukah possesses
broad human significance and is
far more that a mere Jewish
national celebration. As a festival
of liberty, it celebrates more than
the independence of one people, it
glorifies the right of freedom for
all peoples. It is also a fun-
damental precept of the U.S.
Constitution, the guarantee that
each person has the right to
worship or not to worship ac-
cording to individual choice.
Second, Chanukah affirms the
universal truth that the only
effective way of dealing with
oppression is to positively assert
the principles and values which
are threathened by that op-
The Maccabees were not
simply fighting the Greeks
because of an abstract or
academic dislike of tyranny.
Rather, their concern was the
safeguarding of their identity as
Jews. Thus the famous war of the
Maccabees was not only a fight
against Antiochus and all he
represented, but also a fight for
Finally, Chanukah reafirms
each year the commitment of all
of us to the preservation of the
Jewish people.
M this Chanukah. u
reaffirm those values for
the Maccabees fought. And 1
again, vow to rededicate'
selves to the task of preser,
all that which has proven to I
such value and worth in
religious heritage, if juda
and the Jewish nation ul
? ?Question Box?
Question: Why is it required
by Jewish law that Jews actually
live in the booths called succoth
for the week of the Succoth
festival, at least to the extent of
having all their meals in the
Answer: This was ordered by
the Bible (Leviticus 23:42, 43)
where it is written "Ye shall live
in succoth seven days." In the
same text the reason for this
requirement is also given as, "so
that the future generations will
know that I caused the Israelites
to live in booths when I brought
them out of the land of Egypt."
There is a difference of opinion
among the sages of the Talmud
(Sukkah lib). One opinion says
that the latter verse refers to the
actual booths or temporary
structures that the Israelites
used during their journey
through the wilderness because
they were traveling from place to
place (Rabbi Akiba).
A second opinion claims that
it is not actual booths that are
remembered by our succahs but
rather the clouds of Divine Glory
which the Almighty directed
over the traveling Israelites to
protect them from the natural
elements such as the sun, heat,
The Zohar (Emor 103a)
contends that the Almighty
linked seven precious clouds
with the people of Israel when
they traveled through the
wilderness. Some associate these
clouds with pillars of smoke from
Mt. Sinai during the Revelation,
while others associate them with
the pillars of smoke rising from
the altar of sacrifice to indicate
that the Almighty was with His
Question: If the festival or the
observance of living in the
succah commemorates the ex-
periences of the people of Israel
during the exodus why do we not
use the succah during the
Passover holiday when the an-
niversary of the exodus is ob-
Answer: A number of reasons
are advanced for this choice in
date. One opinion states that if
the succah was used in the
summer or spring it would not
exactly appear that it was used
to fulfill a commandment of the
Lord, but might simply look like
a summer residence used to
escape the heat.
Others contend that the
succah is also a symbol of exile,
since a Jew leaves the comfort
and security of his home to live
in the succah.
. This experience is especially
fit for a date right after the Day
of Atonement (Yom Kippur)
when the judgment for every in-
dividual is sealed. Than are
some who chum that the
is an indication of faith and I
in the Almighty.
The point was that even!
months after the exodus, ini
of the hardships the
faced, they still displayed1"
and faith in the Almighty.
after the judgment of
Kippur is sealed we really dol
know its contents but wedisf
our faith and trust in
Almighty to the extent that l
if our destiny may inc|
deprivation, we still retain;
faith in Him.
Still others claim that
succah dwelling was ordain_
the fall because this was whe<
the crops had been gathere.
and in the midst of enjoyin.
rich harvest a Jew was ordd
to remember the plight of
less fortunate or his own hu
Question: What is a sheii
Why is it that many religi|
women wear one?
Answer: A sheitel is I
The development of the pradj
of wearing a wig developed hi
two sources: on the one hand,!
have Talmudic sources wlf
indicate this practice came ah
out of a desire to beautify on|
self or to embellish a shortag
hair in order to make one's i
more attractive to ot
husband. This was there!
considered as a cosmetic and|
On the other hand, it camel
be a means by which a marnT
woman covered her origi*
natural beauty in public so]
not to become excessively
tractive to men other than
husband. Some women cove
their heads with some forml
cloth covering. Others woraj
When wigs became as
tractive or sometimes even r
attractive than one's nato
hair, some rabbis of note
hibited women from wearing*
in public without covering!
(Chatham Soferl. Others *
mitted it.
One can observe the int
concern of religious circwj
preserve the honor and of Jewish women through
various statements in
literature regarding wigs.

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