The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County

Material Information

The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County the voice of the Jewish community of Palm Beach County
Uniform Title:
Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County (Palm Beach, Fla. : 1985)
Place of Publication:
West Palm Beach, Fla
Fred K. Shochet
Creation Date:
May 18, 1990
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ;


Subjects / Keywords:
Jewish newspapers -- Florida ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Palm Beach (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Palm Beach County (Fla.) ( lcsh )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
newspaper ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Palm Beach -- Palm Beach


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 11, no. 27 (Sept. 13, 1985)-
Numbering Peculiarities:
Numbering in masthead and publisher's statements conflict: Feb. 20, 1987 called no. 4 in masthead and no. 8 in publisher's statement; Mar. 31, 1989 called no. 12 in masthead and no. 13 in publisher's statement.
General Note:
"Combining Our voice and Federation reporter."

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
This item is presumed to be in the public domain. The University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries respect the intellectual property rights of others and do not claim any copyright interest in this item. Users of this work have responsibility for determining copyright status prior to reusing, publishing or reproducing this item for purposes other than what is allowed by fair use or other copyright exemptions. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions may require permission of the copyright holder. The Smathers Libraries would like to learn more about this item and invite individuals or organizations to contact Digital Services ( with any additional information they can provide.
Resource Identifier:
44605643 ( OCLC )
sn 00229551 ( LCCN )

Related Items

Related Item:
Jewish Floridian
Preceded by:
Jewish Floridian (Palm Beach, Fla. : 1982)


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Full Text
hejewish floridian
Volume 16 Number 10
Price 40 Cents
West German Chancellor Helmut Kohl, left, adjusts his spectacles
during opening ceremony of the World Jewish Congress. At right
is Edgar M. Bronfman, president of the WJC watching the
situation. It is first meeting ever of the World Jewish Congress in
Germany since it was founded in 19S6 in Switzerland. AP/Wide
World Photo.
United Germany
Seen At Historic
Berlin Meeting
Representatives of world
Jewry made clear their expec-
tations of a united Germany
and were assured at a gather-
ing here that its dark past will
never be repeated.
Occasion was a three-day
conference of the World Jew-
ish Congress. It was the first
time the WJC has met on
German soil since its founding
in Switzerland in 1936, when
Nazism was on the march in
Gathering was held at the
initiative of West Germany's
Jewish community and drew
an audience of prominent Jew-
ish leaders from Europe,
Israel and America.
Presence signaled that Jews
are prepared to adjust to the
reality of one Germany, if it
adheres unswervingly to dem-
ocratic principles and peace.
But the notable absence of a
few Jewish leaders sent a dif-
ferent message: that time
could not obliterate what Ger-
many did when it was last a
powerful united country.
WJC President Edgar
Bronfman emphasized the grip
of history when he observed at
the outset that "there are
many Jews who could not
bring themselves to be in this
city because of the anguish,
the pain that Berlin signifies."
He said he understood "the
intensity of their anger and
their bitterness," but added,
"We are here because we have
something to say to a united
Although they delivered
their speeches separately,
Bronfman and Kohl engaged
in a dialogue of sorts.
Bronfman raised several
demands that he said the Jew-
ish people must make of a
united Germany.
Continued on Page 6
Bush Reassures Kolleck
Mayor Teddy Kollek of Jerusa-
lem emerged from a meeting
with President Bush convinced
that Bush has no objections to
Jews living in East Jerusalem.
"I have no doubt that the
President has no objection to
Jews settling all over Jerusa-
lem without any exception,"
Kollek told reporters after the
30-minute White House meet-
Israeli Ambassador Moshe
Arad, who accompanied the
mayor, said Bush had not
actually made a statement to
this effect.
But Kollek seemed to base
his confidence on his belief
that Bush had endorsed a let-
ter Secretary of State James
Baker sent to Rep. Mel Levine
(D-Calif.) at the end of March.
"Clearly, Jews and others
can live where they want, East
or West, and the city must
remain undivided," the Baker
letter said.
Thousands March
Before Knesset
eral thousand demonstrators
demanding electoral reform
greeted Knesset members
with jeers and catcalls as they
drove up to the gates for the
opening of the summer ses-
Police and Knesset guards
kept order, but the message
was clear.
Placards reading "Bribe-
takers!" and "Go home!" left
no doubt that the public is fed
up with a system that has left
Israel without a government
since March 15.
On Independence Day, peti-
tions bearing a half-million sig-
natures were presented to
President Chaim Herzog, urg-
ing him to initiate changes in
the electoral process.
Now two Labor members of
the Knesset, Avraham Burg
and Haggai Meirom, have sub-
mitted a private members bill,
calling for a presidential com-
mission to review proposals
for electoral reform.
They propose a 15-member
panel, chaired by the president
of the High Court of Justice. It
would have the legal powers of
a juridical commission of
inquiry, able to call witnesses
and take evidence.
The commission would sub-
mit its recommendations to
the president and the Knesset.
Parliament would decide by
roll-call vote which reforms to
adopt, and would then dissolve
itself. Elections would be held
under the new system.
D.C. President Bush meets Jerusalem Mayor Teddy Kollek in
the Oval Office of the White House. Kollek said his meeting with
Bush convinced him that the president has no objection to Jews
living anywhere in that city. AP/Wide World Photo.
Diplomats Warn Israel
On Negative Reactions
Widespread negative reaction
to the occupation by Jews of a
complex of buildings in Jerusa-
lem s Christian Quarter has
sent Israel's diplomatic core
into a state of near panic,
according to cables from
Israeli envoys worldwide that
have been received by Israel's
Foreign Ministry.
The government is trying to
minimize the fallout from the
event, in which some 150
Orthodox Jews moved into the
buildings known as St. John's
Hospice, during the days pre-
ceding Easter.
The Jerusalem weekly Kol
Ha'ir quoted pne diplomatic
cable over the weekend: "Feel-
ings are heavy. I returned
myself only two days ago from
Israel, and I am not convinced
that we realized there, in the
midst of the political struggle,
the depth of the rage and
frustration here regarding the
issue," one envoy wrote.
Official spokesmen claim the
matter is now in the hands of
the courts, and that the gov-
ernment has no reason to
Avi Pazner, actine Prime
Minister Yitzhak Shamir'*
media spokesman, has brushed
off the affair.
Continued on Page 6
NEW YORK Palestinian leader Faisal
Husseini defends controversial remarks he
recently made criticizing Soviet Jewish
immigration to Israel.
BONN On two occasions in recent days,
vandals have desecrated gravestones in
East Berlin's Jewish cemetery with anti-
Semitic graffiti. Among the stones dese-
crated was one marking the grave of
German Jewish playwright Berthold
LOS ANGELES A maverick pro-Israel
activist is convicted of making an illegal
political donation to support the re-election
campaign of Sen. Alan Cranston (D-Calif.).
JERUSALEM Attorneys for John
Demjanjuk petition the High Court of
Justice to postpone the appeal of his death
sentence for Nazi war crimes.

Page 2 The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County/Friday, May 18, 1990
News Briefs
Mossad Hero May Get Posthumous Award
TEL AVIV (JTA) Elie Cohen, a Mossad agent
executed in Damascus in 1965, may become the first Israeli
to be posthumously awarded honorary military rank.
Acting Defense Minister Yitzhak Shamir and Chief of Staff
Gen. Dan Shomron will decide whether to approve.
Settlers in Territories Warned
NEW YORK (JTA) Soviet Jews who settle in the
Israeli administered territories would be arrested and
charged with war crimes if they were to return to the
Soviet Union on a visit, a top Soviet official said last week.
Yuri Reshetov, chief of the Soviet Foreign Ministry's
Department of International Humanitarian Cooperation
and Human Rights, made the statements.
Senate Passes Housing Guarantees
WASHINGTON (JTA) The Senate has joined the
House in approving $400 million in investment guarantees
to provide housing loans for newly arrived Soviet emigres
in Israel. The $400 million was contained in a $3.4 billion
supplemental appropriations bill for this fiscal year, which
began Oct. 1. Differences in the two bills must be ironed
out by a House-Senate conference committee.
Israel Watches Mubarak Diplomacy
JERUSALEM (JTA) Israel is watching with consider-
able concern the latest foray into inter-Arab diplomacy by
Hosni Mubarak, president of Egypt, the only Arab country
with which Israel is officially at peace. Mubarak visited
Damascus, first trip to Syria in 12 years by an Egyptian
head of state.
Amb. Morton Abramowitz, Promoted
WASHINGTON Morton Abramowitz, the U.S. ambas-
sador to Turkey, will soon be promoted to the rank of
"career ambassador," the State Department's equivalent
of a five-star general.
Skinheads Get Stiff Sentences
DALLAS (JTA) A U.S. district judge imposed stiff
sentences of from four to nine years on five leaders of a
Skinhead gang here last week, two months after they were
convicted on charges of anti-Semitic and other racist
Israel Rejects Servicing Iran's Jets
TEL AVIV (JTA) Israel has rejected a request by Iran,
made through intermediaries, to service jet aircraft
engines, Ha'aretz reported.
Bulgaria Restores Ties With Israel
TEL AVIV (JTA) Bulgaria on Thursday became the
fourth Eastern European country to renew diplomatic
relations with Israel, broken in 1967 following the Six-Day
War. Bulgaria's restoration of ties with Israel follows those
by Hungary, Czechoslovakia and Poland.
Anti-Racism Bill Passes French House
PARIS (JTA) A bill providing penalties for racist and
anti-Semitic propaganda passed the National Assembly by
a 307-265 vote, after a stormy debate. But the watered-
down version, which got by the lower house of Parliament
only with support from the majority Socialist and Commun-
ist parties, is expected to founder in the Senate.
Schwammberger Arrives In W. Germany
BONN (JTA) No date has been set for the trial of
accused Nazi war criminal Josef Schwammberger, who was
extradited from Argentina.
-Jewish floridian
Edllof and Publlahar
ol Palm Beach County
Combining "Our Vote*" and "Federation Reporter"
-5 Fred Shoehet
Advancing Dlractof
Main Office a Plant: 120 N.E. 6th St., Miami, FL 33132. Phona: 1-3734606
POSTMASTER: Send address changes to The Jewish Floridian,
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SUBSCRIPTION RATES: Local Araa U Annual (2-Year Minimum $750)
Agency Faces $250 Million Shortfall
Exacutlva Editor
Friday, May 18, 1990
Volume 16
Number 10
ish Agency for Israel faces a
budgetary shortfall of approxi-
mately $250 million for its
fiscal year as the anticipated
number of Soviet Jews arriv-
ing here doubles from 70,000
to "at least" 150,000.
With some 10,500 Soviet
olim arriving last month and a
steady stream arriving daily
from several European stag-
ing points, what has been
labelled "Exodus II" is caus-
ing almost monthly revisions
in planning.
Housing remains central.
A crash effort to provide
rental units is underway, as
the supply of 15,000 rental
units presently available
shrinks rapidly.
Construction of an addi-
tional 15,000 flats begins next
Another 6,000 units
already have been started.
At least 5,000 flats are
being rebuilt.
Yet another 15,000 units
will be started before the year
Uri Gordon, head of the
Jewish Agency Immigration
and Absorption Department,
says more than 30,000 Soviet
Jews arrived in the first four
months of the year.
Thousands more immi-
grants are coming from Ethio-
pia and Argentina.
Special campaigns are in
progress to provide jobs for
immigrants, with retraining
for teachers, doctors and other
professionals emphasized.
Agency head Simcha Din-
itz, former Israel ambassador
to the United States, will meet
with senior U.S. officials at the
State Department to expedite
American aid.
Dinitz will visit Miami and
other major Jewish communit-
ies to accelerate the United
Jewish Appeal's Operation
Exodus campaign.
Maj. Gen. Uzi Narkiss,
Agency information director-
general, is touring the United
States to promote a billion
dollar campaign by Israel
El Al Receives
New Approval
NEW YORK El Al Israel
Airlines says the Chief Rabbin-
ate of Jerusalem has granted
to El Al's Tel Aviv kitchen a
(glatt) 'Kasher Lemehadrin'
approval, said to be the first
such approval given to a cat-
erer outside Jerusalem. These
special meals are available on
all flights out of Tel Aviv, as
well as on Europe to Israel
David Shein, vice president,
general manager, El Al for
North America said, "As part
of the kosher upgrade, an addi-
tional, separate and com-
pletely new kitchen has been
built on El Al's catering pre-
mises, according to the specifi-
cations of the Chief Rabbinate
of Jerusalem."
Bonds for the Soviet immi- and other Israeli-oriented
ouiiua i" agencies have launched their
gran own fund-raising efforts to
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Friday, May 18, 1990/The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County Page 3
Farber Bars Revisionist Historians From His Program
NEW YORK Barry Far-
ber, whose Carolina drawl and
strong right-wing views have
been a talk radio fixture for
more than three decades, is
now standing up to revisionist
Trying to convince Ameri-
cans that the Holocaust never
happened can "make for excit-
ing radio, and very few talk-
show hosts will refuse that,"
says Farber. But it's not for
Heard six days a week on
WABC in the New York listen-
ing area, and seven days on
national network radio, Far-
ber said he rejected the
advances of revisionists when
he learned that "this was a
well-financed international
The talk-show host reported
his tussles with the revisionists
at a meeting in New York of
the Association of Orthodox
Jews in Communications,
according to a report in the
Jewish Voice, a monthly peri-
odical published in Englewood,
"Freedom of speech involves
my freedom not to put danger-
ous people on the air. This is
my policy locally and nation-
ally, he told the Jewish Tele-
graphic Agency.
Occasionally, standard pre-
screening will fail to prevent a
revisionist determined to air
his views from sneaking on
Farber\s show.
In such instances, his tech-
nique is to respond to the
Emigre Teaches
Soviet Judaism
NEW YORK The task of
teaching basic Judaism to
Soviet Jewish immigrants is a
difficult one, but Rabbi Moshe
Boudilevsky has a big advan-
tage: he is also a Soviet
"It's more than just that
these people come in with zero
knowledge," said Boudilevsky,
who grew up in Kiev and left
the Soviet Union 12 years ago.
"They've been brainwashed
for decades. Being Jewish in
Russia is a very negative expe-
After studying in Israel for
eight years and living for a
short time in Glasgow, Scot-
land, Boudilevsky came to the
United States two years ago.
Barry Farber
revisionist's assertions with
documented reports from
Nazis who took part in the
mass murders.
He told the meeting that he
has been contacted by revision-
ists who begged to be inter-
viewed because their goal is to
"prove" that the Holocaust is
nothing more than "a Jewish
mirror trick conjured up to
make the world forgive the
Jews for 'stealing' Arab land
in the Middle East."
The revisionists infuriate
Farber, but he is more angered
by the way some Jews try to
rebut them.
"Jews become insane; they
scream and holler. The Jew
might win if the audience were
all Jewish, but that's not who
is listening," said Farber, who
is Jewish.
He suggested that when the
revisionists address the sopho-
more class "at say, the Univer-
sity of Alabama," they do
beautifully, "because the 19-
year-olds love to be courted.
"The (Jewish) screamers
lose the sophomore class."
He said the problem stems in
part from the fact that almost
every Holocaust survivor has a
history with "a few small
holes," which the revisionists
"pick upon."
"Who cares whether the
Nazis arrived on a Wednesday
or a Thursday; the important
thing is that the Nazis dest-
royed a Jewish witness' whole
family," he said, calling the
tactic "a lawyer's trick, used
to destroy the credibility of a
But, Farber told the meet-
ing, "if the revisionist can
show that the survivor said the
Germans arrived on Wednes-
day, the revisionist can
attempt to prove that the Jews
is a liar and cannot be trusted
about anything, including
whether or not the Holocaust
took place."
Farber also criticized liberal
Jews in the United States
concerned with "free speech
rights" for Nazis.
Calling such concern "hypo-
critical," he said Jewish attor-
neys defend Nazis because
they believe the Nazis are pow-
"If you would not support
them when they are big, don't
support them when they are
small," Farber declared.
Havel Offers Czech Site
For Soviet Emigrants
This Year...
Israel and Paris;
15 Memorable Days From Only
President Vaclav Havel of Cze-
choslovakia has offered to
have his country serve as a
transit point for Soviet Jews
immigrating to Israel.
But he insisted he would
have to have "guarantees"
that the newcomers would not
be settled in the administered
Havel referred to that and
other subjects as he ended a
three-day official visit here,
the first to Israel by an East-
em European head of state.
While he proposed no spe-
cific mediating role for Cze-
choslovakia in the Middle East
conflict, he indicated in com-
ments to the media that his
country would like to serve the
cause of peace in an even-
handed manner.
He said the new Czechoslo-
vakia, founded on the quest for
peace and human rights, was
inevitably disturbed when
those goals were not attained
in other regions of the world.
Havel recommended that
Israel accept U.S. Secretary of
State James Baker's formula
for an Israeli-Palestinian dia-
It has been rejected by
Prime Minister Yitzhak Sha-
mir's Likud government. But
Havel said his discussions with
Israeli leaders and Palestini-
ans led him to believe that
Baker's plan could serve as a
basis for peace.
He said his "hair stood on
end" when he heard Iraqi
President. Saddam Hussein
recently threaten to destroy
"half of Israel" with chemical
Havel met with Palestine
Liberation Organization leader
Yasir Arafat when Arafat vis-
ited Prague recently and
apparently plans to see him
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Page 4 The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County/Friday, May 18, 1990
Jerusalem Day
Importance Intensifies
Yom Yerushalayim, or Jerusalem Day, is
of much more significance this year than at
any time since the City of David, the City of
Peace, was reunified 23 years ago.
Miami Beach will be the site of one of the
major observances in the United States
May 23, with Israel Minister Oded Eran's
participation providing evidence of the
importance recognized by Israel.
Mayor Teddy Kollek has properly criti-
cized the involvement of the Israeli Govern-
ment in the procurement by Orthodox Jews
of a building complex in Jerusalem's Chris-
tian Quarter in the Easter season.
He also says the reaction by world media
and by non-Jewish religious bodies was
"overdone." The covert purchase and set-
tlement overshadowed the dignity with
which the virtually concurrent holidays,
Passover. Easter and the Moslem Rama-
dan, were observed in unified Jerusalem.
And President Bush's comments which
brought into question the Israeli claim to its
own capital city have added to the Arab
world's well-orchestrated opposition to an
Israeli Jerusalem.
World Jewry must make evident that it
stands with the Israelis in insisting that
Jerusalem is the eternal, undivided capital
of Israel. Jerusalem Day offers the oppor-
tunity to display our solidarity.
V-E Day, 45 Years Later
This month marks the 45th anniversary
of V-E Day, the final defeat of Nazi
Germany by the United States. Soviet
Union and their allies.
May 8, 1945 brought to an end not only
the nearly six years of actual war, but the
12 years of the sadistic and savage rule of
the Third Reich.
In the final days of the greatest global
conflict ever, the horrible reality of the
Holocaust was evidenced by the stark
terror of the liberated death camps in
Central and Eastern Europe.
Ironically, as the nations there bask in
the glory of their just-won political free-
dom, the specter of anti-Semitism looms
large over both the former Communist
satellite countries and the Soviet Union
And at exactly the same time, steps
towards the reunification of Germany move
forward with such speed that prohibitions
against the slightest repetition of the sins
of Nazism may not be imposed.
This should be a time of watching and
waiting, not just for world Jewry but for
the Russians, Poles, and other peoples who
suffered the slaughter of millions of their
own population.
'Soap Theory' No Myth
Spring 1946, when I
returned from Japan, I looked
up one of my pre-war friends
in Boro Park section of Brook-
lyn. His name is Herman Jut-
kowitz. He spent the war years
in Africa and Europe. This I
remember as if it happened
He showed me a bar of soap
with the German words "Men-
shen Seif' stamped on it. This
is no myth. His parents owned
a Shomer Shabbos grocery on
Ft. Hamilton Parkway and
44th Street.
Reason for this letter is to
set the record stright. If you
can locate Herman, about 68
years' old, you'll get the same
reply. In fact, I even remem-
ber he consulted a rabbi, who I
believe advised him to bury it
in a Jewish cemetery.
Nathan Weinberg
North Miami Beach
Jerusalem Different For Jews,
Christians and Moslems
observance by world Jewry of
Yom Yerushalayim Jerusa-
lem Day May 23 will focus
much attention on the mean-
ing and historic role of Jerusa-
lem in Jewish history.
Undoubtedly, the recent
tumultuous events centering
on the attempt to inhabit St.
John's Hospice by Orthodox
Jews will evoke parallel inter-
est in the place of Jerusalem in
Christianity and Islam.
Jerusalem is unique among
the cities of the world, with
special although differing
claims on the religious and
cultural sentiments and loyal-
ties of millions of Jews, Chris-
tians and Moslems.
In testimony that I was
invited to present on Jerusa-
lem before the House Foreign
Affairs Committee some years
ago, I made the point that
Christianity and Islam have
invested their reverence for
Jerusalem on particular locali-
ties or sites which are con-
nected with specific events in
their religious histories the
Church of the Holy Sepulcher,
among others, for Christians;
and the Dome of the Rock for
In contrast, Judaism has
sanctified the city as such. In
doing so, Judaism has kept
alive the significance attached
to Jerusalem in the Bible, and
that has been of decisive
importance for the command-
ing central role of the Holy
City in Jewish tradition until
this very day.
As Israeli biblical scholar,
Shmaryahu Talmon, has writ-
ten, "The city name Jerusalem
is mentioned in Hebrew Scrip-
tures some 750 times. Zion
appears 180 times Alto-
gether there must be some
2,000 mentions of Jerusalem in
the Hebrew canon."
Initially, Jerusalem had
served as a foreign cult place
inhabited by Canaanites and
later Jebusites. But it was
through the actions of King
David that the "foreign" city
was transformed for the first
time in history into the capital
"the metropolis" of the
Jewish people.
For Christians, their holy
places have been a constant
attraction for Christian pil-
grims, but there is nowhere a
desire of homeless Christians
to return to the original land of
their religion.
In Jerusalem stands the
third holiest shrine for Mos-
lems, but the homeland of
Islam is Arabia. Thus, the criti-
cal interreligious issue in Jeru-
salem is the assurance of free
access and protection of the
holy places for Christians and
Moslems, but Jerusalem and
Israel are not the homeland for
them as it is for Jews.
Rabbi Marc H. Tanenbaum is inter-
national relations consultant to the
American Jewish Committee.
great a
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Friday, May 18, 1990/The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County Page 5
From Death Camps To Israel
South Floridian Teenagers 'Live' Holocaust
Special to Jewiik Floridian
While many of us commem-
orated Yom Hashoa (Holo-
caust Memorial Day) by partic-
ipating in local ceremonies,
130 South Florida teenagers
marched arm in arm through
the Auschwitz death camp in
Poland, down the same hope-
less road their ancestors
marched to their deaths 47
years earlier.
The group was part of the
March of the Living, which
united more than 3,500 Jewish
high school students, from
around the world, in Poland
and in Israel.
This was no ordinary trip, no
vacation or good time. These
young people underwent an
intense experience that orga-
nizers, and the students them-
selves, say has changed their
"In two weeks we saw you
change. Everything you
learned on this trip will give
you new commitment, dedica-
tion and understanding of the
Jewish people and the Jewish
state. In your hands will be the
future," said Gene Greenzweig
on their final night in Israel.
Greenweig is executive direc-
tor of the Central Agency for
Jewish Education, local spon-
sor of the trip, as well as the
program's national coordin-
Students, who completed
their journey last week,
returned home with mixed
"Now that I have seen the
gas chambers and cremator-
iums, I finally realize what the
Holocaust was although I don't
understand it any better," said
Michelle Billig, 15, from North
Miami Beach.
The group spent time in
Warsaw, Cracow and Lublin,
visiting the few historic
remains of once thriving Jew-
ish communities, which were
much like their own home-
towns are now in South Flor-
ida. They visited Treblinka,
Majdanek, Auschwitz and Bir-
kenau, some of Nazi Ger-
many's most destructive death
camps in Poland.
They saw the many railroad
tracks that brought Jews from
all over Europe to their final
destination at Auschwitz.
They touched the walls of the
gas chambers which still bear
the desperate scratchmarks of
the victims.
They recited Kaddish before
the terrifying black ovens in
the camp crematoriums, light-
ing memorial candles in mem-
ory of their own relatives and
the millions of others whose
lives ended in ashes.
They sang Hatikvah in the
camp barracks, and listened,
wide-eyed, as an eerie wind
whispered through the cracks
and swung the decrepit doors
back and forth.
They searched the faces of
the prisoners in pictures hung
on the barrack walls like fam-
ily portraits. After awhile, the
faces all looked the same, men
and women alike, with their
shaven heads and matching
dirty uniforms. They recoiled
in horror at the thousands of
They recited Kaddish before the terrifying black
ovens in the camp crematoriums, lighting
memorial candles in memory of their own
relatives and the millions of others whose lives
ended in ashes.
pairs of shoes, trying to com-
prehend that each pair
belonged to someone.
They looked at the mountain
of human hair, some of it still
braided and beribboned, ima-
gining the head it had once
adorned. They cried in front of
the children's shoes and cloth-
ing, grieving over a child who
never had a chance to experi-
ence life.
"The camps were much big-
ger than I had imagined. The
Germans were so efficient.
How could they kill so many
people in such a short time?
It's just incomprehensible,"
said Ryan Feig, 17, from
Miami Beach.
Like Feig, many of the stu-
dents felt the stark horror of
the camps. They also experi-
enced anti-Semitic incidents
from some of the Poles they
"When we were marching, I
saw Polish people on either
side of us watching, laughing
and pointing. That really got
to me," said Morris Pataky,
16, of North Miami Beach.
Ranana Dennis, 18, from
North Miami Beach, was upset
over a group of young children
eating ice cream cones in Aus-
chwitz that they had pur-
chased from a shop in front of
the camp.
"How can they play there
like it's a playground?," she
Other students were spit and
coursed at, and doors were
closed in their faces.
"We were there to show
everyone that we're still alive,
in spite of what they tried to
do to us," said Jason Hoch-
man, 17, of North Miami
Beach. "I stood up straight
and held my head high."
A number of Holocaust sur-
vivors accompanied the stu-
dents, returning to the places
where they and their families
"I could not have come back
to this place without all of
you," said Erna Rubenstein to
the students after the march
through Auschwitz. Ruben-
stein, who now lives in Boca
Raton, survived Auschwitz.
Rita Hofrichter, of Miami
Beach, survived the Warsaw
Ghetto. She patiently
answered the students' many
questions, providing them with
an idea of what it was like to
live in Poland as a Jew during
the war years.
"Just before the war, I was
doing the same things you are
doing now. I went to school,
ballet class, parties. One morn-
ing, I woke up to tanks and
marching boots. My grandpar-
ents were killed and my life
was completely changed,"
Hofrichter told the students
while standing in the Miodawa
Synagogue in Cracow, where
she and her parents attended
during the four years they
lived in that town.
There were joyous moments
as well. On Shabbat in War-
saw, the students took part in
the afternoon service at the
Nozyk Synagogue, the only
synagogue left in Warsaw,
built in 1902 and used by the
Nazis during the war as a
stable for their horses.
The teenagers filled the syn-
agogue with their presence as
well as their young, vibrant
voices, joining the tired voices
of the handful of old Jewish
Continued on Page 6
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Page 6 The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County/Friday, May 18, 1990
At Press ^Ts^
TEL AVIV (JTA) An Israel Defense Force general,
Moshe Bar-Kochba, who publicly criticized the army for
not being sufficiently tough in fighting the intifada has
been reprimanded by the IDF chief of staff. Gen. Dan
GENEVA (JTA) The World Health Organization
opened its annual assembly here Monday, apparently
determined to devote the two-week session to urgent
global health issues, instead of political wrangling over
admittance of the Palestine Liberation Organization.
WASHINGTON (JTA) The United States expressed
concern Monday with a recent Israeli arms delivery to
Antigua that ended up in the hands of Colombian drug
traffickers. The original delivery of Uzi submachine
guns and Galil assault rifles and ammunition was made
to the Caribbean island, where opponents of then
Panamanian President Manuel Antonio Noriega were
being trained for a possible coup.
BONN (JTA) Diplomatic sources here have confir-
med that the United States has provided the West
German government with information about a second
chemical weapons factory under construction in Libya.
But the government has not yet verified reports that
some West German companies are involved.
BRUSSELS (JTA) King Baudouin of Belgium paid
personal tribute to the 23,880 Belgian Jews who per-
ished in Nazi concentration camps, at an hourlong
memorial ceremony that took place here. It was the first
time a Belgian monarch has attended such an event. The
king placed a wreath at the memorial in Brussels
dedicated to Jewish deportees and Jews killed in the
resistance movement.
Continued from Page 1
"These are the sort of
events which do not leave
marks. In the long range, they
are insignificant," he said.
"There was a little noise at the
beginning, and now it's over."
The official sang-froid may
stem in part from the fact that
Greece s new conservative
government turned out in
force to celebrate Israel's
Independence Day in Athens,
even though the Greek Ortho-
Continued from Page 5
men, the final survivors of
what once was a thriving Jew-
ish world in Poland.
"It really was a special
moment for all of us and it felt
good being there together,"
said Dr. Leon Weissberg, the
Broward contingent's trip
There were joyous
moments as well. On
even uiuugn me ureeK urcno- Qhnkknt j-, Warsaw th/>
dox Church is the complainant ^woocm Warsaw, the
in the case. students took part in the
afternoon service at the
Nozyk Synagogue, the
only synagogue left in
Warsaw, built in 1902
and used by the Nazis
during the war as a stable
for their horses.
East Germany Settles Jews
About 200 Soviet Jews have
recently arrived in East Ger-
many and are settling down
under a program organized by
the government, according to
Irene Runge, a Jewish cultural
Runge is one of the leaders
of the Judischer Kulturverein
(Jewish Cultural Association),
an independent group that was
formed during last year's dem-
ocratic revolution in East Ger-
many. One of the first public
acts of the association was to
United Germany
Continued from Page 1
"The new Germany must
forever teach what happened
(during the Holocaust), so that
the lowest point ever reached
in man's inhumanity to man
can never occur again," he
The new Germany must be a
tnie democracy, which means
that "all minorities are guar-
anteed equal protection under
the law," he said. He also said
the German people "must
always support Israel. You
must never help those who
would help destroy the Jewish
In response, Kohl sketched
his vision of the responsibili-
ties of a united Germany.
"It remains the duty of all
democratic forces to fight
without compromise all those
who spread anti-Semitic preju-
dice or decry the Jewish reli-
gion and faith," the chancellor
The World Zionist Organiza-
tion, which is a partner in the
Jewish Agency, decided to
boycott the WJC meeting in
Berlin. WZO Chairman Sim-
cha Dinitz, who is also a WJC
vice president, believes now is
not the time for conciliatory
gestures by the Jewish people
toward the German unification
petition the government to
give refuge to Soviet Jews who
want to leave their country.
Runge said that the Soviet
Jews arrive here with East
German visas and live tempor-
arily in government-sponsored
reception centers until they
find jobs and apartments.
But Mayor Teddy Kollek of
Jerusalem fears it will take
long to mend the damage
caused Israel by the settle-
Kol Ha'ir said Israeli diplo-
mats in the United States
reported many angry tele-
phone calls, not a few from
traditional supporters of
Israel, Jews and Christians.
There is also concern here
over the effects on Jewish fund
raising overseas and Christian
pilgrimages to Israel. Pilgrims
account for about a third of the
1.5 million tourists who visit
Israel annually.
"Any blow to the relations
between Israel and the Chris-
tian institutions might result
in serious damage to tourism,"
said Yossi Shoval, a spokes-
man for the Tourism Ministry.
Meanwhile, the Jerusalem
District Court ruled last Fri-
day that the settlers may not
appeal against the eviction
order because there were no
merits to the appeal. It also
ordered the settlers to pay
$2,500 in court costs to the
Greek Orthodox Church.
After all the tears had come,
and none could cry anymore,
the teenagers left Poland for
Israel. Upon boarding the El
Al plane at the Warsaw air
port, the mood immediatelj
changed from one of sorrow tx
one of joy.
"I feel like I'm already ir
Israel. I'm happy to be leaving
Poland," said Susan Ginsberg
18, of Hollywood.
The week in Israel include<
observing Memorial Day foi
Israel's fallen soldiers anc
Israel Independence Day
hearing from Israeli Defens*
Minister Yitzhak Rabin, anc
visiting some of the many his
toric sites, including the West
em Wall. The students
savored the atmosphere
constantly exclaiming abou
the comfortable security o
being in a Jewish state.
"I have a much better under
standing of the importance o
Israel after having seen what ]
saw in Poland," said Eve Nel
son of Miami Beach as sh(
stood before the Westeri
Wall. "Everything has mucl
more meaning and I will d<
whatever I can to make sun
that this place remains a Jew
ish homeland."
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Friday, May 18, 1990/The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County Page 7
100 Years Of Hebrew Language
Through Eyes Of First Modern Hebrew-Speaking Child
Today, Hebrew is naturally
accepted as the popularly spo-
ken language of Israel, and
Eliezer Ben Yehuda as the
visionary pioneer who intro-
duced Hebrew to the vernacu-
lar. Virtually every city and
town in Israel boasts a Ben
Yehuda street to commemor-
ate the man whose genius
made him the first to recognize
that a nation must have a
language as well as a jand.
But it wasn't always so.
"Crazy Zealot"
A hundred years ago,
Eliezer Ben Yehuda was con-
sidered by the people of the
Holy Land to be a crazy zealot,
whose ideas were dangerous
as well as odd. Most of his
fellow Jews believed that
Hebrew should be a holy lan-
guage only, and they shunned
him. His children were ostra-
cized. His family almost
starved; his first wife and most
of his children sickened and
Still, he persisted. No mem-
ber of his family was allowed
to utter a word other than in
Hebrew even though no one
else could understand them
in order to prove that Hebrew
could be a living language.
The person who bore the
brunt of Ben Yehuda's experi-
mental zeal was his eldest son
Itamar, the first child in the
land of Israel to speak Hebrew
as a day to day language.
Itamar's story, which is also
the story of the introduction of
'Hebrew as a modern language,
is told in one of the best loved
books of Israeli children's liter-
ature, "Habachor B'Beit Avi
(E.B.Y.)" by Dvorah Omer.
The title is difficult to trans-
late because it contains a play
on words, but roughly it means
"The First Bom to the House
of E.B.Y. (My father)."
Omer's books are to Israeli
children what Louisa May
Alcotts and L.M. Montgo-
mery's are to North American
children. They are almost uni-
versally read and beloved.
Dvorah Omer herself is so well
known to Israeli readers that
in a 1989 survey by the Hada-
shot newspaper, she was voted
by readers one of the most
outstanding Israelis in their
field since the establishment of
the State.
Now in its 22nd edition,
"Habachor B'Beit Avi" has
won such plaudits as the
respected Lamdan prize for
Hebrew literature, and is
regarded as an Israeli chil-
dren's classic. Although the
book was first published more
than 20 years ago, it retains its
freshness and appeal: 10,000
copies have been sold in the
past two months alone.
Dvorah Omer was one of the
first to tell the real story of the
struggle to establish the
Hebrew language in Israel.
Ben Yehuda (born Eliezer
Perlman in Lithuania) came to
Palestine in 1881 convinced
that Hebrew should be revived
as the language of the Jews in
their own land. Not a mere
theoretician, he ruled that in
his own household, no word
other than Hebrew be heard,
and he devoted much of his life
to the compilation of a multi-
volumed modern Hebrew dic-
Until Dvorah Omer wrote
her biography, the dark side of
his passion and its effect on his
children was little known.
"Like almost everyone else
in Israel, 1 thought of Eliezer
Ben Yehuda, when I thought
of him at all, in terms of a
popular song at the time:
Eliezer Ben Yehuda, crazy,
crazy, crazy for Hebrew," or I
thought of the streets named
after him, or his dictionary. I
never considered his life story
"One night we happened to
attend an interview program
and the host introduced Ehud,
the son of Eliezer Ben Yehuda.
The whole audience groaned.
He seemed very old and boring
as he walked up to the stage. If
I hadn't been in the front row,
I would have walked out. But
National Vice President
B'nai B'rith Women
Elect Carole Romer
Carole Romer of North
Miami Beach was elected Vice
President of B'nai B'rith
Women at the organization's
biennial convention.
A BBW member since 1962,
Mrs. Romer served as a mem-
ber of the national Executive
Board and as a member of the
National Planning Committee.
In the early 1980rs, she served
as chair of the BBW South
Coastal Region.
Romer, whose numerous vol-
unteer efforts have gained her
a listing in Who's Who in
World Jewry and Who's Who
in Florida, has taken an active
role m B'nai B'rith Women
Programs in North Dade,
including medic alert, drug
rehabilitation, and prevention
of birth defects programs.
She also was instrumental in
developing a BBW program at
ne Parkway Children's Cen-
fcr, a facility for emotionally
disturbed children in North
Dade County.
She served as a member of
the national B'nai B'rith
Youth Organization Commis-
sion and as president of the
Florida Region B'nai B'rith
Youth Organization Board.
She was president of the Hillel
Foundations of Florida, and in
1987 was honored by the Hillel
Foundations of Greater Miami.
She has been actively
involved in work on behalf of
Soviet Jews, serving as a
member of the South Florida
Soviet Jewry Council since
1984. In 1985, she traveled to
the Soviet Union to meet with
Jews awaiting permission to
Her community service
efforts include work with the
Citizens Advisory Council for
Dade County Public Schools,
Temple Beth El, the Jewish
Women's Political Caucus, and
the Center for Fine Arts.
as he told the story of his
childhood, the audience was
"I said to myself, 'How is
this possible? I am a third
generation Israeli and I have
never heard these stories.' I
saw that Hebrew speakers had
little knowledge of who Eliezer
Ben Yehuda was. I had to hear
more so I met him again,
wrote an article, and even-
tually a book."
Told through the eyes of Ben
Yehuda's eldest son Itamar,
the book tells the painful story
of the mental and physical
anguish his family suffered as
a result of his determination to
speak only Hebrew.
Omer describes Itamar's
feelings when neighborhood
children were forbidden by
their parents to play with him,
or even speak to him. In one
incident, his pet dog was
stoned and killed by unthink-
ing children.
"After I finished the book, I
gave it to Ehud Ben Yehuda to
read with trepidation, because
I had been critical of his
father. He told me, 'Dvorah,
he was worse. He never
explained to us children why
he was doing all this to us.'
"I see Ben Yehuda as an
extremist, but when we look at
the pioneers of that genera-
tion, they were all extremists.
Their values were primary;
they were like Abraham sacrif-
icing Isaac, except that an
angel didn't come to the res-
cue. Think of Theodor Herzl.
One of his children committed
suicide, another was mentally
ill, one died from drugs, and
perhaps his mission may have
been a contributing factor. But
without Herzl would we have
had a Jewis state?
"I don't judge Ben Yehuda,
because through him we
achieved the modern Hebrew
language. Ben Yehuda sin-
cerely believed he was fighting
a war for Hebrew, and his son
was on the front line. His story
reminds me of the works of the
prophet Jeremiah: 'Then there
is in my heart as it were a
burning fire shut up in my
bones, and I weary myself to
hold it in, but cannot."
Synopsis Of The Weekly Tor ah Portion
. "The seventh year shall be a sabbath neither sow thy field
(Lev. 254).
"... hallow the fiftieth year and proclaim liberty throughout the
BEHAR "And the Lord spoke unto Moses in mount Sinai,
saying. When ye come into the land which I give you, then
shall the land keep a sabbath unto the Lord. ... in the seventh
year shall be a sabbath of solemn rest for the land thou shalt
neither sow thy field, nor prune thy vineyard. And the
sabbath-produce of the land shall be for food for you: for thee, and
for thy servant and for thy maid, and for thy hired servant and for
the settler by thy side that sojourn with thee; and for thy cattle,
and for the beasts that are in thy land: (Leviticus 25.1-7).
Following seven sabbatical years, the 50th year is to be observed
as a jubilee. "That which groweth of itself of thy harvest thou
shalt not reap" (Leviticus 25.5). Scripture then states "And ye
shall hallow the fiftieth year, and proclaim liberty throughout the
land unto all the inhabitants thereof; it shall be a jubilee unto you.
... Ye shall return everyman unto his possession" (Leviticus
The same laws pertaining to the sabbatical year hold true of the
jubilee. In addition, all fields return to their original owners;
every Hebrew slave is free to return to his home. A Hebrew slave
can always be redeemed; if he is not redeemed, he goes free in the
jubilee year.
"And if thy brother be waxen poor, and his means fail with
thee; then thou shalt uphold him: as a stranger and a settler shall
he live with thee. Take thou no interest of him or increase; but
fear thy God; that thy brother may live with thee. Thou shalt not
give him thy money upon interest, nor give him thy victuals for
increase (Leviticus 25.35-37).
(The recounting of the Weekly Portion of the Law is extracted and
based upon "The Graphic History of the Jewish Heritage," edited by
P. Wollman-Tsamir, published by Shengold. The volume is available
at 45 West 45 Street, New York, NY 10036 (212) 246-6911.)
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Page 8 The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County/Friday, May 18, 1990
TORONTO (JTA) Canadian Jewish organizations have
hailed a federal judge's refusal last week to consider an
Arab group's petition to bar Ariel Sharon from entering
Canada. Sharon, who was Israel's defense minister during
its 1982 invasion of Lebanon, is scheduled to address a
dinner of the Canadian Friends of the Jerusalem College of
Technology here June 11.
TEL AVIV (JTA) The Israeli navy has denied that one
of its vessels in the Gulf of Eilat fired on the Jordanian
royal yacht while King Hussein was aboard. But at the
same time, Israel has responded to a formal U.S. protest by
promising that such an incident will not happen again.
WARSAW (JTA) An official of the Wiesenthal Center
has expressed grave concern over anti-Semitic violence at a
folk festival in Kielce, Poland. Dr. Shimon Samuels,
European director of the Center, discussed the incident
with Deputy Interior Minister Krzystof Kozlowski and
government spokesman Henryk Wozniakowski at a meet-
ing here.
Hezbollah Pressures Bush On Hostages
Bonn President Visits Treblinka
BONN (JTA) West Ger-
many's president, Richard
Von Weizsacker, journeyed
back to his country's darkest
f>ast to pay tribute to the mil-
ions of Jews slain by the Nazis
in Poland during World War
The German chief of state,
on an official visit to Poland,
laid a wreath at the memorial
to the Warsaw Ghetto uprising
and conversed with Polish
Jews, including Chief Rabbi
Menachem Joskowicz and sur-
vivors of the death camps.
At a visit to the former
Treblinka death camp, where
more than 800,000 Jews per-
ished, the president wrote in
the visitor's book: "He opens
the dark abyss and brings from
it the dark into the light," a
Quotation from the Book of
Weizsacker was a soldier in
the German army when it
invaded Poland on Sept. 1,
1939, starting World War II.
Kohl Pledges
Israel Aid
German Chancellor Helmut
Kohl pledged continued sup-
port for Israel by a unified
Germany in an effort to soothe
American Jewish concerns
over the imminent merging of
the two Germanies.
"Close and trustful political
dialogue with Israel must
and will be an essential
element of the Middle East
policy pursued by a united Ger-
many, the chancellor said in a
letter to Seymour Reich, presi-
dent of B'nai B'rith Interna-
tional and chairman of the
Conference of Presidents of
Major American Jewish
The West German leader
also pledged German commit-
ment to Israel within the Euro-
pean Community, and said
that while the E.C. is partici-
pating in efforts to bring about
a negotiated settlement of the
Arab-Israel problem, "we also
know that the right of self
determination of the Palestini-
ans meets its limit where
Israel's right to exist is conc-
German correspondents
reported from Warsaw that he
personally expressed the wish
to commemorate the Jewish
victims of the Holocaust dur-
ing his Polish trip.
President Bush came close to
accusing Israel of taking hos-
tages, but promptly backed
Bush said he believes Israel
is holding hostages, but con-
ceded it was a matter of defini-
tion. Israel views the Shi'ites it
has in custody as legitimate
prisoners, the President said.
Bush made his comments at
a news conference, where he
said "the United States is
opposed to taking hostages."
He added personally, "I want
to see all hostages released."
When a reporter asked if he
considers Sheikh Abdul Karim
Obeid, spiritual leader of the
Moslem fundamentalist group
Hezbollah, and 400 other
Shi'ites held prisoner by Israel
to be hostages, Bush indicated
He said, however, that there
are "definitional problems"
regarding Israel's view of its
Pressed to explain, Bush
replied that "some people view
people they hold as having
broken their laws, some don't,
and it is not for the United
States to make these deter-


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REPORT xmlns http:www.fcla.edudlsmddaitss xmlns:xsi http:www.w3.org2001XMLSchema-instance xsi:schemaLocation http:www.fcla.edudlsmddaitssdaitssReport.xsd