The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County

Material Information

The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County the voice of the Jewish community of Palm Beach County
Uniform Title:
Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County (Palm Beach, Fla. : 1985)
Place of Publication:
West Palm Beach, Fla
Fred K. Shochet
Creation Date:
March 23, 1990
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ;


Subjects / Keywords:
Jewish newspapers -- Florida ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Palm Beach (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Palm Beach County (Fla.) ( lcsh )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
newspaper ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Palm Beach -- Palm Beach


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 11, no. 27 (Sept. 13, 1985)-
Numbering Peculiarities:
Numbering in masthead and publisher's statements conflict: Feb. 20, 1987 called no. 4 in masthead and no. 8 in publisher's statement; Mar. 31, 1989 called no. 12 in masthead and no. 13 in publisher's statement.
General Note:
"Combining Our voice and Federation reporter."

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
This item is presumed to be in the public domain. The University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries respect the intellectual property rights of others and do not claim any copyright interest in this item. Users of this work have responsibility for determining copyright status prior to reusing, publishing or reproducing this item for purposes other than what is allowed by fair use or other copyright exemptions. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions may require permission of the copyright holder. The Smathers Libraries would like to learn more about this item and invite individuals or organizations to contact Digital Services ( with any additional information they can provide.
Resource Identifier:
44605643 ( OCLC )
sn 00229551 ( LCCN )

Related Items

Related Item:
Jewish Floridian
Preceded by:
Jewish Floridian (Palm Beach, Fla. : 1982)


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Jewish floridian
Volume 16 Number 6
Price 40 Cents
B'nai B'rith Men-Women Dispute
Klutznick Suggested
As Arbiter
Jewish Floridian Staff Writer
B'nai B'rith International
President Seymour D. Reich
has invited the leader of the
organization's estranged
women's division to meet "to
discuss any and all of the
issues that divide us."
But the fact that Reich's
invitation and the response by
B'nai B'rith Women national
president Hyla Lipsky were
conveyed through public media
releases, indicates the chill
between the two factions.
Tart, if not testy, public mis-
sives have been the venue for
communication since the
women's division leadership
unanimously decided to main-
tain its independence.
BBI, trying to consolidate its
organizational strength and
clout by drawing its 120,000-
member women's division
under its control, had given
BBW a mandate: surrender
your independence or be cut
off from B'nai B'rith. The
women's leadership, appar-
ently unintimidated, refused.
And Reich followed through
with the threat.
BBW president-elect Har-
riet Horwitz, of North Miami,
said as far as the women have
been concerned it's business as
usual. Horwitz maintained
that BBI can not take any
formal actions against the
women's division until its next
major conference in August.
But BBW delegates have
been denied votes on BBI com-
mittees since the January sha-
keup and new BBW members
have been refused membership
in the B'nai B'rith major
health plan.
Reich's letter to Lipsky is
the first public attempt for a
conciliatory talk since the
eruption. He suggested that
the meeting take place before
the BBW Delegate Assembly
meets in New Orleans in April.
Reich announced that he has
invited Philip Klutznick, a for-
mer U.S. Secretary of Com-
merce and honorary president
of BB, to help facilitate the
meeting process and he sug-
gested that Lipsky might wish
to invite a person of similar
stature from her organization.
Lipsky, responding through
a press release and not to
Reich directly, said, "I wel-
come this step wholeheart-
But she expressed concern
that Reich would "not be look-
ing to heal the distressful rift
between us, but only to deal
with a painful separation
which the BBI Board of Gover-
nors has attempted to
Lipsky also suggested that
"greater objectivity" would be
provided by an independent
For at least one local B'nai
B'rith member, the dispute
would best be headed off at the
Ainslee Ferdie, past presi-
dent of the South Florida
Council of B'nai B'rith, said
the spat between BBI and
BBW has echoes of the 25-year
dispute between the Jewish
War Veterans and control of
its ladies division by the
national organization.
That dispute only recently
ended in a compromise after
three court battles and,
according to Ferdie, a waste of
time, money, effort and sup-
E. Germany Will Pay
Israel, Relations Begin
BONN (JTA) East Ger-
many fully recognizes its spe-
cial responsibility toward Jew-
ish victims of the Holocaust
and is ready to establish diplo-
matic relations with Israel,
East German Prime Minister
Hans Modrow has declared in
a letter to his Israeli counter-
part, Yitzhak Shamir.
The letter was presented at
the end of two days of talks
between East German and
Israeli diplomats in Copenha-
gen. The two sides, which first
convened for three days of
talks at the end of January,
met this time to discuss the
issue of indemnification of
Jewish Holocaust victims and
possible payments to the State
of Israel.
According to sources in East
Berlin, the East German and
Israeli delegations in Copenha-
gen also discussed the many
years that East Germany
trained Palestine Liberation
Organization terrorists, a pro-
gram that ended with the
demise of the Communist
regime in East Berlin last fall.
Col Kovens, southeast regional chairman for the American Friends of Tel Aviv University and his
wife Roz congratulate former President and Mrs. Reagan at a gala held in the President's honor in
Los Angeles. President Reagan was awarded an honorary doctorate from Tel Aviv University.
Congress Move To Deny Soviet
Trade Benefits Loses Steam
proposal to continue denying
the Soviet Union major trade
benefits until it allows Jews to
leave the country on direct
flights to Israel is quickly
$60 Million
Raised At
Some $60 million, the largest
amount ever raised at a single
event of the United Jewish
Appeal, was pledged at a
recent breakfast for Operation
Exodus, the special campaign
for the settlement of Soviet
Jews in Israel.
The event, the first major
fund-raiser for the operation,
was sponsored by businessman
Leslie Wexner.
The singular amount puts
Operation Exodus "well on its
way" to meeting its goal of
$420 million, said Raphael
Rothstein, UJA's vice presi-
dent for operations, at a news
conference at the National
Press Club.
Rothstein was pinch-hitting
for Marvin Lender, the bagel
tycoon from New Haven,
Conn., who was delayed by
The $420 million goal was
set to meet the needs of the
hundreds of thousands of
Soviet Jews expected to immi-
grate here this year.
Operation Exodus will take
150 Jewish activists to the
Soviet Union March 25 for 26
hours of intensive meetings,
before continuing to Israel for
the prime minister's confer-
ence on aliyah.
losing support here.
Opposition to a linkage
between the direct flights
issue and a waiver of Jackson-
Vanik Amendment sanctions
was voiced by a State Depart-
ment official and representa-
tives of two leading Soviet
Jewry groups.
"We do not consider it
appropriate to add new condi-
tions to the waiving of Jack-
son-Vanik," Alexander Versh-
bow, director of the State
Department's Office of Soviet
Union Affairs, told the Com-
mission on Security and Coop-
eration in Europe.
The commission is a congres-
sional body that monitors
implementation of the Helsinki
human rights accords, which,
among other things, call on all
countries to allow their citi-
zens to emigrate freely. It is
chaired by Sen. Dennis DeCon-
cini (D-Ariz.) and Rep. Steny
Hoyer (D-Md.).
The 1975 Jackson-Vanik
Amendment denies U.S. trade
benefits to the Soviet Union,
known as "most-favored-
nation status," until the presi-
dent is satisfied that the level
of emigration from the Soviet
Union is adequate.
Vershbow said that Presi-
dent Bush is maintaining the
position he took during his
summit meeting with Soviet
President Mikhail Gorbachev
in Malta last fall.
At that time, Bush said he
would consider asking Con-
gress for a one-year waiver of
Jackson-Vanik if the Soviets
adopted and implemented a
promised new law institution-
alizing emigration reforms.
Implementation would
include allowing some 100
longtime refuseniks still in the
Soviet Union to emigrate,
Vershbow said.
But to add direct flights as a
condition would be a "mis-
take," Shoshana Cardin, chair-
woman of the National Confer-
ence on Soviet Jewry, told the
Micah Naftalin, national
director of the Union of Coun-
cils for Soviet Jews, said his
organization also opposes
"changing the goal posts."
Sen. Arlen Specter (R-Pa.)
had announced a sense-of-the
Senate resolution supporting
the linkage. But rather than
introducing the resolution, he
"filed" it.
In the House, Rep. Tom Lan-
tos (D-Calif.) also appeared to
be taking a more cautious
approach than he did last
week, when he warned, during
a House subcommittee hear-
ing, that he would lead a con-
gressional fight against a
waiver if direct flights are hot

Page 2 The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County/Friday, March 23, 1990
Position on Jerusalem United
Media accounts which indicate divisions
within Israel's major parties and among
American Jewish organizations over Presi-
dent Bush's comment on Jerusalem are
inaccurate and misleading.
All segments of the Likud and Labor
parties are in full agreement about the
status of Jerusalem as the eternal capital of
Israel, undivided but with protection for all
religions within the boundaries of Zion.
And with the exception of such individu-
als as Rita Hauser and Michael Lerner, the
mainstream of U.S. Jewry is solidly behind
opposition to Bush's apparent stand
against Jewish settlement in East Jerusa-
Hauser, who made a trip to meet PLO
chairman Arafat in Scandinavia which may
well have initiated American dialogue with
that terrorist body, and Lerner, editor of a
left-leaning periodical, simply do not speak
for a significant sector.
In Israel, the question which is being
hotly debated is whether or not residents of
East Jerusalem will be permitted to vote in
Palestinian elections. Likud says even the
discussion of their participation leads to a
question on Jerusalem's status. Labor says
all matters must be open to debate in order
to keep the peace process moving.
Whether Prime Minister Shamir's action
in firing Finance Minister Peres was
because of pressure on high right from the
Sharon-Levy-Ahrens wing of Likud or
because he himself thinks Labor has gone
too far is subject to question.
But Shamir has opted for confrontation
rather than compromise, and his reading of
the Israeli population may be better than
that of Peres and Defense Minister Rabin.
The bottom line is that it is up to the
Israelis themselves and not either the
Bush Administration or American Jewish
organizations to resolve the gravest
crisis to confront its fragile coalition gov-
Mandela Stand Questioned
American Jewish organizations which
raced with one another to embrace Nelson
Mandela's release hastened to make clear
their displeasure with the South African
anti-apartheid leader's pro-PLO and anti-
Israel statements.
Mandela seems unable to understand the
differences between the Palestinian inti-
fada and his African National Congress'
campaign against the rule of the Black
majority in South Africa.
Certainly there should be a firm message
to him that American Jewish backing for
more democracy in Mandela's nation does
not imply that Palestinian efforts to nullify
the only Jewish state in the world are
welcome to his support.
Jewish floridian
of Palm Beach County
Combining "Our Volca" and "Fao*falion Raportar"
Ftad Shochat
Editor and Publlahar
Advertising Diracloi
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Main Otllca a Plant: 120 N.E. 8th St., Miami. FL 33132. Phons: 1-373-4605
POSTMASTER: S#nd address changes to The Jewish Floridian,
"O. Box012973, Miami, Fla. 33101
For AdTtrtUiac infonaalioa call collect Joaa Teftaa 306-37J-*06.
Jawlah Floridian doaa not guarantee Ksshrurh ot Merchandlae Advertised.
SUBSCRIPTION RATES Local Area S4 Annual (2-Vear Minimum $7.50)
Catholics Study Vatican-Nazis
late 1970s, I served as a script
consultant to NBC-TV in its
preparation of the miniseries,
"Holocaust." In connection
with that important program,
a survey was conducted of
high-school students across
the country, who were asked
to comment on what they
thought the Nazi Holocaust
was about.
"I think it is a Jewish holi-
day," one student in Seattle
To the overwhelming major-
ity of the Jewish people, the
Holocaust is buried into our
consciousness as the most
traumatic event since the
destruction of the Temple in
Jerusalem in the first century.
Many of us seem to believe
that most Christians should
know what anguishes Jews
about the Holocaust.
As the Seattle high school
surveys and many other stu-
dies document, Christian
knowledge in America about
the brutalities of the Nazis
against the Jews is a mile wide
and an inch thin.
It is for that reason that I
believe the Los Angeles joint
document of priests and rabbis
is an important development.
It is intended primarily for
Catholics in the pews, and it
contains basic information
about the Nazis' systematic
campaign to exterminate the
Jewish people that most Chris-
tians would not receive in this
concise form from any other
If it is understood as the
beginning of a process of edu-

Includes Every Spa &
Call: 1-800-SPA-SLIM
Friday, March 23,1990
Volume 16
26 ADAR 5750
Number 6
cation of the Catholic people,
and not as a finished product,
then it should be welcomed by
Jews everywhere.
While individual Catholic
scholars have written coura-
geously about the world of the
Vatican and Pope Pius XII
maintaining "impartiality"
during the Nazis' rise to
power, this is the first time to
my knowledge that a group of
Catholic clergy have faced the
issue foursquare.
They joined their rabbinic
colleagues in declaring that
"in 1933, a Concordat was
signed between the Vatican
and Nazi Germany The
road was paved for a totalitar-
ian one-party state. We are
now free to ask whether the
compromises made by the
Vatican with the Nazis did not,
in the long run, do more harm
than good."
During our forthcoming
meetings with the Vatican in
the fall, we trust that this
spirit of candor and search for
truth will finally put an end to
the polemical way in which this
central issue has been avoided
in the past.
Rabbi Marc H. Tanenbawn is inter-
national relations consultant to the
American Jewish Committee.
Groups Urge Passion Play Revision
NEW YORK The National Conference of Christians
and Jews, the American Jewish Committee and the
Anti-Defamation League of B'nai B'rith appealed to the
producers of the Passion Play presented every 10 years in
Oberammergau, Germany, to continue their efforts to
revise the drama and eliminate a negative portrayal of
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Friday, March 23, 1990/The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County Page 3
Israel's Strategic Role Vital For U.S.
Changes in Eastern Europe
have provoked a great deal of
discussion suggesting Israel no
longer can contribute to Amer-
ican strategic objectives. This
assertion is based on one hope-
ful assumption and one incor-
rect one. The former is that
the Soviet Union will not
revert to past tendencies and
the latter is that Israel's strat-
egic value to the United States
is solely a function of East-
West tensions. As we will
show in coming weeks, Israel's
value as an ally has, if any-
thing, increased in the last
It is a mistake to view the
U.S.-Israel strategic relation-
ship through a Cold War lens.
To do so would result in the
mistaken devaluation of Israel
in the era of glasnost. Regard-
less of the Soviet threat, the
United States needs stable,
reliable allies.
In addition, American inter-
ests in the Middle East have
not changed. It is still vital, for
example, that the United
States ensure the free flow of
oil to Europe. And many of the
countries that threaten Ameri-
can interests are along the belt
from Libya to India. Israel has
a role to play as such an ally in
helping the United States con-
front dangers posed by ene-
mies like Libya. The Jewish
State can also deter the
growth of radicalism and fun-
damentalism that endanger
America's Arab friends.
Military planners must also
prepare for worst-case scenar-
ios in which the Eastern Medi-
terranean is NATO's most vul-
nerable spot. Recognizing this,
it is clear the Administration
will not pull the Sixth Fleet out
of the Sea. Moreover, these
naval forces will grow more
important because of the abs-
ence of naval arms control.
Arms and troop reductions in
Europe force the United
States to use naval deploy-
ments for force projection.
The Intermediate-range
Nuclear Forces (INF) talks
caused a shift from land to
sea-based weapons. After Con-
ventional Forces in Europe
(CFE) negotiations conclude,
most theater nuclear weapons
will be at sea.
Consequently, it is not sur-
prising the U.S. Navy's rela-
tionship with Israel has grown.
Access to Israel's shipyards,
Edward Gnehm, Deputy
Assistant Secretary of
Defense, told a House Subcom-
mittee last March, "helps
maintain our ships at peak
readiness." Haifa shipyard's
performance in ship repairs
has won rave reviews from
Navy officials. American sail-
ors also prefer liberty in Haifa
because they don't have to
worry about getting the kind
of hostile reception they
receive in many other coun-
tries. The U.S. now averages
about 25 ship visits to Israel
On an operational level,
after the reflagging of the
Kuwaiti tankers in 1986, the
U.S. Navy discovered during
its operations in the Persian
Gulf it had no RPVs (remotely
piloted vehicles) to locate
mines. The Navy turned to
Israel and obtained RPVs that
had been developed for recon-
naissance in Lebanon. And, in
January 1988, after two U.S.
Navy fighter aircraft downed
Libyan MiGs, their ship pulled
into Haifa harbor.
There are other examples of
strategic cooperation. Accord-
ing to Gnehm, the United
States and Israel now cooper-
ate "on the practical hands-on,
day-to day working level."
Since the beginning of the
strategic relationship, there
have been at least 27 combined
exercises. U.S.-Israeli maneu-
vers provide an opportunity
for the forces of both countries
to share expertise and meth-
ods. In the past, exercises have
centered around such areas as
anti-submarine warfare, a
threat common to both navies
in the Eastern Mediterranean.
In addition, the Marine
Corps uses Israeli-made Kfirs
as "aggressor" fighters in
pilot training for air-to-air
combat at a base in Yuma,
Arizona. Since American
pilots have difficulty getting
training in Europe because of
the weather, they use Israeli
bases where the climate is
more predictable and amena-
ble to Air Force training
requirements. Israel also pro-
vides an important testing
ground for U.S. equipment
designed for non-European
contingencies, such as fighting
in extreme heat and deserts.
Israel's cooperative research
on strategic defense projects,
like the Anti-Tactical Balistic
Missile (ATBM) system to
shoot down short-range mis-
siles, contributes to the com-
mon need to develop a defense
against rapidly proliferating
missiles and the increasing
danger of chemical weapons.
The United States is also
procuring Israel's Popeye air-
to-ground missile. This long-
range, highly accurate weapon
would eventually be used to
re-arm America's fleet of B-52
bombers for conventional mis-
sions. The Pentagon is also
interested in testing Israel
Aircraft Industry's Harpy
anti-radar attack drone. This
system needs no pilot, so it will
reduce the risk to U.S. airmen
by independently seeking out
and destroying enemy radars.
Most of the elements of
strategic cooperation remain
secret. One that has recently
been disclosed is the pre-
positioning of U.S. military
supplies in Israel. So far this
has been implemented on a
small scale, but is the subject
of on-going discussions. Simi-
larly, "dual use," that is,
allowing the Israel access to
these Americna-owned weap-
ons stockpiles, is currently
being negotiated.
From Near East Report.
Prague, N.Y. Museums Sign Agreement
New York Signing of an historic, cooperative agree-
ment between the Jewish Museum of Prague and New
York's A Living Memorial to the Holocaust-Museum of
Jewish Heritage was announced by Dr. David Altshuler,
director of the Museum of Jewish Heritage. Dr. Altshuler
recently returned from Czechoslovakia where negotiations
were concluded.

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Page 4 The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County/Friday, March 23, 1990
State of Israel Bonds
Honors Minkin, Sunday
A Cocktail Reception for the
Members of the Banyan Golf
Club will be held Sunday, 4
p.m. at the Sherbrooke Golf &
Country Club in Lake Worth.
Palm Beach resident, David
Minkin, member of Banyan
Golf Club, real estate devel-
oper, philanthropist and sup-
porter of civic, religious and
humanitarian organizations
will be presented with the
Israel Bonds Gates of Jerusa-
lem Medal.
Mr. Minkin is a member of
the President's Club of Israel
Bonds, and the holder of the
Prime Minister's Medal, the
"Ubi Caritas" Award of
Catholic Charities, the "Good
Scout" Award by the Greater
New York Council, Boy Scouts
of America, and has been
designated as "Master
Builder" of both Yeshiva and
Brandeis Universities.
Howard Stone, author and
lecturer, will be the guest
speaker. He is a former Senior
Vice President of "Operation
Independence," an interna-
tional network of businessmen
and industrialists committed
to strengthening Israel's econ-
Arthur Wasserman will be
Master of Ceremonies. Mac
Schwebel, member of the
State of Israel Bonds Presi-
dent's Club, is sponsoring this
For information, call 686-
Stuart Adelkoff To Receive
Lion Of Judah Award, March 30
Hunter's Run and the State
of Israel Bonds will present
the Lion of Judah Award upon
Stuart Adelkoff, president of
the Hunter's Run Golf & Rac-
quet Club and the Owner's
Association, and active with
Palm Beach County Federa-
tion, as a past Chairman of the
Hunter's Run Campaign, on
the Investment Committee,
and as its Real Estate Advisor.
Guest speaker will be Robert
Mayer Evans, former CBS
Correspondent in Moscow. He
is a veteran newsman and film-
maker, and has lived and
worked in several dozen coun-
tries spread over five conti-
Golda Belove, Chairperson
and Arthur Falkin, Associate
Chairperson announced the
event will be held Friday,
March 30, 1:15 p.m. at Hun-
ter's Run Country Club in
Boynton Beach. For informa-
tion, 686-8611.
GERMAN UNITY MOSCOW Federal Chancellor Helmut
Kohl, left., hailed the Soviet Union's approval in principle of
German unification as a "historic outcome" of six hours of talks
with Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachov in Moscow. It was for
the Germans themselves to decide, the Soviet leader said. Photo:
Home Religious Routines
Key To Jewish Identity
Religious routines in the home
are the key to creating Jewish
identity in a child, according to
Dr. Uzi Ben-Ami, a clinic.
social psychologist.
"These memories stay in a
child's mind as symbols of
being Jewish," Ben-Ami, of
the Jewish Social Service
Agency in Rockville, Md., said
at a B'nai B'rith Women panel
discussion on effective parent-
Ben-Ami said children
become accustomed to rou-
tines and grow up feeling that
Jewish rituals are an integral
part of their lives. He cited
research showing memories of
religious rituals as the critical
factor which brings uninvolved
Jews back to the fold.
"They remember a mother
or grandmother lighting the
candles on Friday night," he
said, recommending that fami-
lies have a ritual of weekly
meetings to discuss the past
week's activities or study por-
tions of the Torah.
The discussion was part of
B'nai B'rith Women's National
Training Institute.
Seen at a reception held in their honor at Temple Beth Zion in Royal Palm Beach from left to right,
are Rabbi Melvin and Eileen Kieffer, accepting the Lion of Judah Award, guest speaker Barry
Farber, and chairpersons Rebecca and Daniel Jatlaw.
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ U.S. Soviet Jewry
^^^^ Group Attacks
Bonds Will Fund
Israeli leaders abandoned
party politics to present one
message to the 40th anniver-
sary conference of the interna-
tional State of Israel Bonds
Organization at its various ses-
sions here during the past
The message was that Israel
needs the Diaspora's help in
creating jobs and housing for
Soviet Jews and other immi-
grants, who are arriving in
greater numbers than at any
time since the earliest years of
The price tag was put at
more than $1 billion for every
100,000 olim.
The conference, which
opened in France and closed
here this week, was assured by
Finance Minister Shimon
Peres that all of the money
mobilized by the Bonds Organ-
ization will be devoted to the
absorption of immigrants.
It will be used to build the
infrastructure, to pave the
roads, to construct power sta-
tions and houses, "and to
make the exodus from Russia
and its implementation in
Israel as agreeable, as quick
and as promising as we can,"
Peres said.
Shimon Peres
Prime Minister Yitzhak Sha-
mir, who delivered the princi-
pal address at a dinner in the
Knesset building, said that on
the basis of the present rate of
arrivals, "we estimate that we
will have to build about 35,000
housing units, 300 new class-
rooms in our schools and big-
ger ulpan facilities for thou-
sands of adult students."
"The people of Israel will
cover the major share of the
costs." Shamir said. "But we
are relying on world Jewry to
make extraordinary efforts to
help this great national enter-
prise," he added.
The National Conference on
Soviet Jewry, which has taken
a cautious approach to reports
of rising anti-Semitism in the
Soviet Union, is now urging
the Soviet government to
ensure the safety of the third
largest Jewish community in
the world.
"All we are asking the
Soviet Union is to enforce
their constitution and their
laws to ensure the Jewish pop-
ulation is not subject to physi-
cal harm," Martin Wenick, the
conference's executive direc-
tor, said in a telephone inter-
The conference's constituent
organizations decided at a
meeting in Washington to
heighten its profile on the
issue, raising the matter pub-
licly with people inside and
outside the U.S. government.
The group issued a state-
ment saving that the meeting
was held "to voice our concern
over the rising tide of anti-
Semitism in the Soviet Union,
whose pernicious manifesta-
tion we perceive as a threat to
the physical and emotional
well-being of that nation's
Jewish population of more
than 1.5 million.
"Mindful of recent events in
the Soviet Union, in which the
Jewish community has been
threatened by certain national-
ist groups, we urge the Soviet
authorities to take action.
If s been an honor
and a pleasure
for generations.

Rabinnic Concensus
On 'Get' Elusive
Friday, March 23, 1990/The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County Page 5
1 ""'
The Jewish Advocate
BOSTON "Get" is the
Hebrew word for divorce.
G.E.T. is also an acronym
for Getting Equitable Treat-
ment, a New York-based
organization which assists
individuals seeking a Jewish
divorce from a recalcitrant
Its aim is to promote the use
of a prenuptial agreement to
prevent future problems with
Agreement, which engaged
couples would sign, stipulates
that in the case of a civil
divorce, neither party will
withhold from the other a reli-
gious divorce.
Overwhelming number of
problems in Jewish divorce
involve men who, despite com-
pletion of civil divorce pro-
ceedings, refuse to give the get
to their wives.
Often the get is withheld as a
means of bribery or blackmail
regarding money, property, or
access to children.
The Conservative movement
has dealt with the problem in
two ways, both unacceptable
to the Orthodox. The Reform
movement does not require a
One method used by Conser-
vatives is the "Lieberman
clause," which is added to the
ketubah the marriage con-
tract. The clause, created by
the late Rabbi Saul Lieberman,
former head of the Jewish
Theological Seminary, states
that divorce disputes will be
referred to the court, or bet
din, of the Conservative move-
ment, which shall take the
necessary remedies. The civil
courts in New York have
abided by this.
But Orthodoxy says Jewish
law prohibits changing the ket-
ubah, even by adding to it.
The second Conservative
method is known as "kiddu-
shin al t'nai," which imposes a
conditional status on the mar-
Idea is that by signing the
ketubah and consecrating the
woman to him "by the law of
Moses," the husband is prom-
ising to abide by Jewish law. If
he refuses to give a get, he is
not abiding by Jewish law and
thus there was never a valid
marriage and a get is not
This is totally unacceptable
to Orthodox rabbis, who insist
that marriages cannot be con-
"When a couple is deciding
to get married, they can't be
signing an agreement about a
divorce," said Rabbi Menashe
Klein of Boro Park, Brooklyn.
Prenuptial agreements dis-
seminated by G.E.T. stipulate
that in the event of divorce,
spouses will appear before a
Rabbinical Court to terminate
the marriage according to
Jewish law.
Some versions also state
that breach of contract entitles
the injured party to legal dam-
ages and relief by civu courts.
The agreements do not deal
with the division of property
and assets.
There are currently eight
different prenuptial agree-
ments written by Orthodox
rabbis, and rabbinic consensus
on the subject appears remote.
Primary issue, according to
halachic authorities, is that a
Beth Din cannot "coerce" a
husband into giving a get.
Asked if being required to
live up to the terms of a pre-
nuptial contract is not similar
to being required to live up to
the terms of the marriage con-
tract, the Bostoner rebbe, Levi
Horowitz, replied that the ket-
ubah is a document separate
from the institution of marri-
It delineates the husband's
financial obligations to the
wife, but the marriage holds
even if he doesn't provide,
Horowitz explained. In any
event, it cannot be enforced.
Rabbi Aaron Soloveitchik of
Chicago, a halachic authority
whose opinion would be highly
respected if he were to
endorse one particular docu-
ment, agreed that the Bet Din
has no authority.
Even if the husband has
signed an agreement, he can-
not be forced give a get, Solo-
veitchik said.
G.E.T. is opposed to making
the divorce contingent on
property settlements or visita-
tion rights.
In order to obtain their get,
women have been known to
forfeit apartments, bank
accounts and even child sup-
port payments. In some cases,
women have been forced to
give up custody of their chil-
Rabbi Klein insisted that
Jewish law is "as lenient for
women as for men. We believe
in equal rights, but we don't
believe in more than equal
rights," he said.
Rabbi Kenneth Auman, for-
mer president of the Va'ad
Harabonim of Flatbush, in
Brooklyn, believes that "most
rabbis don't have the vaguest
idea of the practical, legal and
halachic issues involved here."
Because "no one agrees on
who is a great halachic author-
ity since Moshe Feinstein
died," Auman noted, "it will
have to be a coalition of rabbis,
a panel, that solves the prob-
"Difficulties in Jewish law
today are a result of panic,
fear and lack of self-
confidence" on the part of the
rabbis, said Rabbi David Nei-
man of Temple Beth Zion in
Brookline, Mass., a Conserva-
tive synagogue.
"Rabbis have made reasona-
ble and rational decisions that
they have had to withdraw
after criticism from the right
wing," he said.
"That's what has made
Orthodoxy so inflexible in the
last 300 years. A thousand
years ago the rabbis were
more flexible.
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Executives and rabbis of The B. Manischewitz Company and
Rabbi Menachem Genack, Rabbinic Administrator, Kashruth
Division of the Union of Orthodox Jewish Congregations of
America participated in the annual baking ofSchmura Matzofor
Passover. Shown, from left, Rabbi Emanuel Gettinger; Rabbi
Maurice L. Schwartz; Robert A. Mann, vice president; Rabbi
Menachem Genack; William B. Manischewitz, a director; Rabbi
David L. Silver; Robert J. Solot, vice president and Robert M.
Starr, president.
Olim 'Go To The Dogs9
Hope To Get Big Price
prisingly large number of new-
comers from the Soviet Union
have been arriving at Ben-
Gurion Airport with dogs. But
it now appears that many of
the canine members of the
family are not longtime
beloved family pets but rather
recent acquisitions, purchased
as a means to get part of their
savings out of the country.
A Tel Aviv veterinarian
reports that she has recently
received many telephone calls
from Jews in Moscow, Odessa,
Kiev, Leningrad and other
Soviet cities, whom she did not
know, asking her advice as to
the "best and most valuable
breeds" in demand in Israel.
They said they had obtained
her name and phone number
from friends who have already
arrived here with dogs.
The vet says her advice to
her callers is to bring with
them any pets they may
already have, but not to buy
any dogs to be sold here at a
profit. Israel is a small coun-
try, she explains, which
already has a sufficient stock
of domesticated animals.
She says that in conversa-
tions with the Soviet callers,
she has been surprised to learn
that in many of the families,
only the husband works. Ask-
ing how they managed to save
enough money to buy expen-
sive dogs, she is told that there
are not enough goods available
in Soviet shops on which to
spend even meager incomes.
Hence, the extraordinary
opportunity to save money.
Publix Meat:
Great Choice!
Choose from a large
selection of meats
including beef,
lamb and
veal. Or take
your prefer-
ence to our
meat cutter,
and we'll
custom cut
your order
you choose,
it's the best
in town!

Page 6 The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County/Friday, March 23, 1990
ADL Charges New Alliance
Party 'Cult-Like'
i i i
the bold black lettering of the
New Alliance Party station-
ery, highlighted by quotation
marks, is the party's Drief but
descriptive motto: "people
instead of profits."
But a recent study by the
Anti-Defamation League
of B'nai B'rith contends that
the NAP's philosophy might
just as well be "profits instead
of people."
In "The New Alliance Party:
A Study in Deception," the
ADL claims that the left-of-
center party that ran black
candidate Lenora Fulani in the
1988 presidential election is
nothing less than "part Marx-
ist sect, part therapy cult, part
entertainment enterprise. '
"Like the extremist politics
of Lyndon LaRouche," the
study says, "the New Alliance
Party has the trappings of a
cult." Its politics "is an amal-
gam of eccentric 'therapy' the-
ories, revolutionary rhetoric,
black nationalism, sexual ref-
erences, anti-Semitism and
intense anti-Israel bias."
Report refers to numerous
statements by Fred Newman,
whom ADL says is the leader
of the party, in which Newman
expressed support for PLO
terrorist Abu Jihad, Libyan
Colonel Moammar Gadhafi and
Nation of Islam leader Louis
Farrakhan. He also referred to
Jews as "the storm troopers of
decadent capitalism" who
"sold their souls to the devil."
ADL also alleges that New-
man a one-time college
teacher and the director of
eight "therapeutic centers"
where his unique method of
"social therapy" is practiced
used the centers for the
indoctrination of NAP mem-
bers and for political fund rais-
"It's the potential to lure the
unsuspecting or the innocent
into support for various activi-
ties of the party that is the
source of concern," explained
Alan Schwartz, director of
ADL's research and evalua-
tion department and editor of
the study.
"The NAP has all the fea-
tures commonly associated
with cults: a father figure in
Newman, the strict inculcation
of a specific point of view into
members that seem to do his
bidding, the extreme secrecy
of much of their activity, the
deceptiveness in the running
of these so-called therapy cen-
ters as a vehicle for promoting
Newman's ideology, as well as
the anti-Semitic scapegoat-
ing," Schwartz said.
But according to Newman,
the ADL study is not only
misrepresentative but slander-
"This characterization of the
NAP is a complete distortion
of the organization," said
Newman in a telephone inter-
view. "The report is filled with
error after error. They didn't
do much research at all. They
equate anyone opposed to
Zionism as an anti-Semite.
"As usual, the ADL is doing
their dirty work for them," he
said in a statement referring
to Israeli leaders. "The estab-
lishment Jewish leadership in
this country is working over-
"It's the potential to lure the unsuspecting or the
innocent into support for various activities of the
party that is the source of concern," explained
Alan Schwartz, director of ADL's research and
evaluation department and editor of the study.
time to protect the profoundly
racist, neo-fascistic Israeli gov-
ernment from criticism."
The controversial party was
formed in 1979 in New York
by community and labor activ-
ists, many of them Jewish, as a
progressive party for Ameri-
can underdog minorities. It
describes itself as a Black-led,
multi-racial left-wing party,
and has taken outspoken views
on gay and lesbian rights and
racism, as well as a staunchly
anti-Zionist and pro-
Palestinian orientation.
In 1981, it received notoriety
for launching the Dump Koch
movement, and in 1984 it vig-
orously backed Jesse Jackson
for the Democratic presiden-
tial nomination.
"It was a political organiza-
tion that was an organic part
of a movement of black, white
and Latino working class peo-
ple," Dennis Serrette, NAP
1984 presidential candidate,
described the party in a politi-
cal autobiography, "The Mak-
ing of a Revolutionary."
Since 1984, however, Ser-
rette's attitudes toward the
NAP have changed considera-
bly, and it was testimony he
gave in 1987 that ultimately
served as the basis for the
ADL report.
When serving as a witness in
the lawsuit of plaintiff Emily
Carter of NAP against the
Jackson, Miss., Advocate, Ser-
rette testified, "(The NAP)
seemed more preoccupied to
me around therapy than they
did the political. There was no
other organization I could ever
recall that controlled their peo-
ple the way the New Alliance
Party with therapy had con-
trolled their people."
He said that the bulk of the
finances and the membership
of the party came from New-
man's therapy centers, and
that NAP, "an organization
which portrays itself as a
Marxist organization, (is) noth-
ing more than a power play by
an individual to exercise con-
trol over a large number of
"He's just lying," said New-
man of Serrette s testimony.
"He was a longtime leftist.
When he came to the NAP, he
said it was the only left party
that had any relationship to
the people.
"Anyone who thinks Fulani
doesn t have power, doesn't
know who Fulani is," he said,
referring to the black 1988
presidential candidate who
serves as NAP chairperson.
"And Serrette had a relation-
ship with her. It's not only a
lie, it's a Hitlerian lie," he
Newman was equally dispar-
aging of ADL allegations
about his anti-Semitism and
questionable political alliances.
He did not deny having made
various statements in The
National Alliance, the NAP's
weekly newspaper, in which he
called Jews, "dirty," "self-
righteous dehumanizers,"
"murderers of people of
color," "racist bigots," and
"colonizers of Palestine."
"I have a statement to make
about Jews," he explained. "I
have a responsibility as a Jew
and as an American to say
what is wrong. It is precisely
because of my Jewishness that
I am so outraged that the
Zionist leadership is doing
unto others what was done
unto us.
"The devil I refer to is inter-
national capitalism and Wash-
ington, D.C. I don't think that
has anti-Semitic overtones at
all. I think it's a very pro-
Jewish position. I have a very
strong Jewish identity.
"From the ADL's vantage
"Kesher '90, WZO Summer Mission"
The World Zionist Organization has announced its plans
for KESHER'90, the second annual reunion-mission for
Israel program alumni, to be held in Jerusalem, from June
6th through June 14th.
During these eight days, program participants will have
the opportunity to meet with leading Israeli dignitaries, to
explore professional and educational options in Israel, to
enjoy extensive tours of the country, to socialize with
Israeli peers and professional counterparts, and to exam-
ine, in-depth, important Israel-related issues.
Like its predecessor, KESHER '89, KESHER '90 has
been created in response to the results of a survey
circulated among Israel program alumni in 1987. Accord-
ing to the WZO's survey results, 99% of those Americans
who have participated in programs in Israel claim to have
had an overwhelmingly positive experience and wish to
visit the country again. KESHER '90 will provide up to
1000 of these program "returnees" with the opportunity to
do so.
As a special feature, KESHER '90 participants may
choose to remain in Israel for up to three months, at no
additional charge, either independently, as members of a
special program for Zionist youth movement alumni, or as
participants in one of Israel's many exciting summer
programs. (Those interested can contact the Kesher office,
in Manhattan, at 1-800-888-KESH for further details on
summer programs, or the Israel Aliyah Center in Miami,
The annual International Plenary Session of World WIZO, the
Women's International Zionist Organization, was held recently
in Tel Aviv. Those attending were Left to Right, Evelyn Sommers,
President WIZO U.S.A.; Raya Jaglom, President World WIZO;
Mrs. Yitzhak Shamir, wife of Israel's Prime Minister and Mrs.
Lea Freund, Vice-president of WIZO U.S.A. and Chairman of
WIZO Florida.
European Commission
Denies Rescinding Sanctions
official of the European Com-
munity has denied an Israeli
newspaper report that the
body will reverse itself on
sanctions against Israel.
"As far as I know, the ele-
ments which prompted the
European Community to
decide several measures of dis-
pleasure against Israel have
not changed, so I don't think
that the E.C. position has been
modified so far," an E.C. offi-
cial told the Jewish Tele-
graphic Agency.
The official was responding
to a question about a report
published in the daily newspa-
per Ma'ariv, which said the
E.C. had notified Israel that all
E.C. sanctions against it would
be rescinded before the next
meeting of the community's
foreign ministers in April.
This meeting, which is
attended by Israel's foreign
minister and his 12 colleagues
of the European Community,
reviews the cooperation
between the E.C. and Israel,
as well as developments in the
The European Parliament,
the E.C.'s legislative body,
voted in January to recom-
mend measures against Israel,
such as freezing the scientific
cooperation between the E.C.
and Israel, because of its
alleged contempt for human
rights in the administered ter-
ritories and for closing Pales-
tinian universities in the West
The European Commission,
the E.C.'s executive body,
which is based in Brussels,
followed suit by postponing
the signing of an agreement on
energy cooperation, during the
visit of Israel's Energy Minis-
ter Moshe Shahal here at the
end of January.
Postponement was achieved
by delaying the visit to Israel
of the European commissioner
in charge of Mediterranean
countries, Abel Matutes of
Spain, and by canceling sched-
uled talks on scientific cooper-
ation in Israel.
MDA, Red Cross
Run Joint Drive
Ramat Gan, Israel As a
result of actor Dustin Hoff-
man's humanitarian appeal, an
unprecedented campaign was
conducted by Magen David
Adom's National Blood Ser-
vice Center in conjunction
with the American Red Cross.
Blood samples were collected
from 572 potential bone mar-
row donors, in a valiant effort
to save the life of 20-year-old
Allison Atlas of Bethesda, Md.
Hoffman donated $100,000 for
the project.
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Religious Directory
NE 26 Avenue, Boynton Beach 33435. Phone 586-9428. Rabbi
David Shapiro. Cantor Abraham Koster. Daily, 8:30 a.m. Sabbath
services, Friday 8:15 p.m., Saturday 9 a.m.
West Palm Beach 33417. Phone 684-3212. Office hours 9 a.m. to 1
p.m. Rabbi Isaac Vander Walde. Cantor Mordecai Spektor. Daily
services 8:30 a.m. and 6 p.m. Friday night 5 p.m. and 8:15 p.m.
Saturday 9 a.m. and 7:15 p.m.
GOLDEN LAKES TEMPLE: 1470 Golden Lakes Boulevard,
West Palm Beach 33411. Phone 689-9430. Rabbi Joseph Speiser.
Daily services 8 a.m. Sabbath services Friday 8 p.m. Saturday 9
a.m. For times of evening services please call the Temple office.
Road, Lake Worth. Phone 967-3600. Rabbi Richard K. Rocklin.
Cantor Abraham Mehler. Services Friday 8 p.m., Saturday and
holidays, 8:45 a.m. Daily minyan 8:15 a.m., Sundays through
TEMPLE BETH DAVID: 4657 Hood Road, Palm Beach Gardens
33418. Phone 694-2350. Rabbi Randall J. Konigsburg. Cantor
Earl J. Rackoff. Sabbath services, Friday 8 p.m., Saturday 9:30
TEMPLE BETH EL: 2815 No. Flagler Drive, West Palm Beach
33407. Phone 833-0339. Cantor Norman Brody. Sabbath ser-
vices Friday 8:15 p.m., Saturday 9:30 a.m. Daily Minyan 8:15
a.m., Sunday and legal holidays 9 a.m.
TEMPLE BETH SHOLOM: 315 No. "A" Street, Lake worui
33460. Phone 585-5020. Rabbi Emanuel Eisenberg. Cantor
Howard Dardashti. Services Monday and Thursday, 8:15 a.m.
Friday evening, 8:15 p.m., Saturday, 9 a.m.
TEMPLE BETH SHOLOM: 224 NW Avenue G, Belle Glade
33430. Phone 996-3886. Services: Second Wednesday of every
month, 7:30 p.m.
TEMPLE BETH ZION: 129 Sparrow Drive, Royal Palm Beach,
FL 33411. Phone 798-8888. Sabbath services Friday 8 p.m.,
Saturday 9 a.m. Rabbi Stefan J. Weinberg.
TEMPLE B'NAI JACOB: 2177 So. Congress Ave., West Palm
Beach 33406. Phone 433-5957. Sabbath services Friday 8 p.m.,
Saturday and holidays 9 a.m., Monday through Friday 9 a.m.
Rabbi Morris Pickholz. Cantor Andrew E. Beck.
TEMPLE EMANU-EL: 190 North County Road, Palm Beach
33480. Phone 832-0804. Rabbi Leonid Feldman. Cantor David
Feuer. Sabbath services, Friday 7 p.m.; Saturday 9:30 a.m.
TEMPLE TORAH: Lions Club. 3615 West Boynton Beach
Boulevard, Boynton Beach 33437. Mailing address: 9851D Mili-
tary Trail, Box 360091, Boynton Beach 33436. Phone 736-7687.
Cantor Alex Chapin. Rabbi Theodore Feldman, part-time. Sab-
bath Services Friday evening 8 p.m.; Saturday 9 a.m.
BETH ABRAHAM: 3998 SW Leighton Farms Road. Palm City
33490. Mailing address: P.O. Box 2996, Stuart 33495. Phone
287-8833. Services Friday evenings 8 p.m. and Saturday 10 a.m.
CHABAD HOUSE LUBAVITCH: 4623 Forest Hill Blvd.,
West Palm Beach, 108-3, 33415. Phone 641-6167. Rabbi Shlomo
Ezagui. Sabbath Services, Saturday, 10 a.m.
CONGREGATION AITZ CHAIM: 2518 N. Haverhill Road, West
Palm Beach 33417. Phone 686-5055. Sabbath services 8:45 a.m.
and 7:30 p.m. Daily services 8:15 a.m. and 5:30 p.m. Rabbi Oscar
Street, ''.O. Box 857146, Port St. Lucie, FL 33452. Phone
335-7620. Friday night services 8 p.m., Saturday morning 10:30
TEMPLE BETH AM: 759 Parkway Street, Jupiter. Phone
747-1109. Services Friday 8:00 p.m. Rabbi Rachel Hertzman.
TEMPLE BETH EL: 4600 Oleander Avenue, Fort Pierce, FL
34982. Phone 461-7428. Sabbath Services Friday 8 p.m.
TEMPLE BETH SHALOM: St. Helen's Parish Hall, 20th
Avenue and Victory Boulevard, Vero Beach 32960. Mailing
address: P.O. Box 2113, Vero Beach, FL 32961-2113. Rabbi Jay
R. Davis. Phone 1-569-4700.
TEMPLE BETH TORAH: 900 Big Blue Trace, West Palm
Beach, FL 33414. Phone 793-2700. Friday services 8:15 p.m.,
Saturday morning 10 a.m. Rabbi Steven R. Westman. Cantor
Elliot Rosenbaum.
TEMPLE ISRAEL: 1901 No. Flagler Drive, West Palm Beach
33407. Phone 833-8421. Rabbi Howard Shapiro. Cantor Karen
Blum. Sabbath services, Friday 8 p.m.
TEMPLE JUDEA: 100 Chillingworth Drive, West Palm Beach.
FL 33409. Rabbi Joel L. Levine. Cantor Rita Shore. Phone
Friday, March 23, 1990/The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County Page 7
Commission Seeks To
Improve Jewish Education
Washington Jewish Week
Morton Mandel is of that gen-
eration of North American
Jews who achieved the kind of
material and social success
their parents and grandpar-
ents only dreamed about.
But, at the peak of his for-
tune and power, Mandel
admits to a feeling of anxiety
that he thinks is shared by his
"colleagues in Jewish com-
munal activism."
"There is a great concern on
our part as to whether our
grandchildren will grow up to
be positively identified with .
. Jewish life," said Mandel,
chairman of the board of the
Premier Industrial Corpora-
tion in Cleveland.
"I don't want us to have
lasted these years and find
great success in being
accepted in America, and then
have the Jewish community
decrease in size and contribu-
tion," he said.
Mandel's concerns have led
to what is being called the
most important development
in Jewish education in the past
10 years.
Working through his Mandel
Associated Foundations and
major North American Jewish
education organizations, Man-
del has assembled a 47-
member commission of philan-
thropists and educators with
hopes of revolutionizing the
way North American Jews
regard Jewish education.
This June, when the commis-
sion announces the results of
close to two years of work,
observers are not expecting
surprising insights or radical
ideas for change.
The Mandel Commission has
already announced that it is
seeking ways to "professional-
ize" Jewish educators and to
make education a higher prior-
ity among Jewish communal
But one aspect of the com-
mission makes it significant:
with a membership that
includes twice as many philan-
thropists and foundation rep-
resentatives as educators, the
commission may have the
power and money to imple-
ment its proposals.
"While money doesn't solve
all problems, one of the things
American Jewry needs is an
independent, multi-million dol-
lar foundation to be able to
leverage money to respond to
critical needs in Jewish educa-
tion," said Dr. Alvin Schiff,
executive vice president of the
Board of Jewish Education of
Greater New York and a mem-
ber of the commission.
"Matching the proposals
with the availability of bucks is
challenge number one."
The North American Jewish
community already spends
some $1 billion on Jewish edu-
cation, according to Schiff s
estimates. That figure includes
the more than $500 million
spent in tuition to Jewish day
schools, $175 million in Sunday
schools and other "supplemen-
tary" programs, and millions
more in Jewish campaign,
adult education, community
center programs and campus
But while some 80 percent of
Jewish children in North
America receive some form of
Jewish education, only 40 per-
cent are formally enrolled in a
program or institution. And of
these, only 28 to 30 percent
Continued on Page 8
Synopsis Of The Weekly Torah Portion
. "And they came, both men and women, as many as were
willing-hearted, and brought all jewels of gold"
VAYAKHEL Moses gathered the people together and
instructed them in the holiness of the Sabbath. He also instructed
them in how to build the Tabernacle and its vessels. Bezalel and
Oholiab headed the skilled craftsmen working on the Tabernacle.
The people gave liberally toward the sanctuary so liberally, in
fact, that it was necessary to ask them to stop. Once again, the
details of the Tabernacle and its vessels are given, at the end of
this portion.
(The recounting of the Weekly Portion of the Law is extracted and
based upon "The Graphic History of the Jewish Heritage," edited by
P. Wollman-Tsamir, published by Shengold. The volume is available
at 45 West 45 Street, New York, NY 10036 (212) 246-6911.)

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Page 8 The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County/Friday, March 23, 1990

American Labor Support
Continues Long Tradition
Last November, delegates to
the biennial convention of the
AFL-CIO endorsed a strongly
worded resolution in support
of the State of Israel. The
resolution noted that "the
AFL-CIO has a strong bond
with Israel, a nation built by
the trade union movement
and that "in a sea of violence,
Israel continues to extend
basic democratic rights to all
citizens, Arabs and Jews alike.
It remains a thriving democ-
racy in which the basic free-
doms of association, speech,
press, and religion are
respected." The resolution
went on to deplore the violence
of the intifada and the "tra-
gedy of the Palestinians of the
West Bank and Gaza strip and
their inability in the face of
PLO intimidations to develop
leaders willing and able to
negotiate with Israel."
The resolution continued a
long tradition of support for
the State of Israel by the
American labor movement.
Indeed, since 1917, when the
American Federation of Labor
adopted a resolution endorsing
"the legitimate claims of the
Jewish people for the estab-
lishment of a homeland in
Palestine," perhaps no institu-
tion in American society out-
side of the Jewish community
has provided as much political,
financial, and moral support to
the Jewish State as the Ameri-
can labor movement.
The AFL-CIO has remained
steadfast in its support of
Israel for a variety of reasons.
One answer lies in the import-
ant role that fraternal finks
between American and Israeli
unions play in engendering
pro-Israel sentiments within
first established contact with
the Histadrut in 1928, and ties
between American and Israeli
labor have been unbroken ever
since. These types of long and
close institutional ties to other
The AFL-CIO has
remained steadfast in its
support of Israel .
democratic trade unions are
highly valued by the American
labor movement, and help to
place Israel in the company of
other industrial democracies
with great trade union move-
ments, such as England, West
Germany, or Australia.
The most fundamental basis
of AFL-CIO support, however,
is the labor federation's strong
commitment to industrial and
political democracy. A bedrock
belief in the indispensability of
democratic societies to trade
unionism guides and animates
the foreign policy of the AFL-
CIO. Historical experience
with regimes ranging in orien-
tation from fascism to com-
munism has convinced trade
union leaders that in the long
run, trade unions cannot exist
without freedom of association
Black And Jewish Leaders
Support Civil Rights Act
NEW YORK Leaders of
some of the nation's main
black and Jewish organizations
came together at the head-
quarters of the American Jew-
ish Committee to announce
their unified support for the
Civil Rights Act of 1990. The
bill was introduced to Con-
gress by a bi-partisan group of
Joint appearance by leaders
of the National Association for
the Advancement of Colored
People, the Anti-Defamation
League of B'nai B'rith, Ameri-
the Civil Rights Act.
"It is an overemphasis to say
there is any real break among
those of us who lead large
organizations," said Benjamin
Hooks, president of the
NAACP, referring to the
reported black-Jewish split.
"Some of those black leaders
who criticized this [alliance]
wholecloth couldn't fit their
whole movement into a tele-
phone booth."
"The issue of black and Jew-
ish relations has been played
point, the problem with NAP
is not that it's deceptive, but
that it may turn out to be
attractive to other progressive
Jews such as the ones who are
already building NAP," he
Regarding Farrakhan, New-
man admitted that he did not
agree with a great number of
the Black leader's positions.
Nevertheless, he states une-
quivocally that Farrakhan "is
not the enemy of the Jewish
people. He is deeply respected
by the black community, and I
respect the right of the Afro-
ca?5ewiah^ZrW AJfK" 9. ft r**r ***** W American community to sup-
SJZSSSZLSSZ: that su*Ke8t8 a "H0"8 MIH port its leaders that are
mittee and other organizations
appeared intended, at least in
part, to dispel the image of
growing antagonism between
blacks and Jews over strate-
gies to combat discrimination
in the workplace and else-
It also served to lay to rest a
dispute that had arisen in
recent weeks between several
Jewish organizations over
whether to demand a "religi-
ous accommodation" section in
apart between blacks and expressive of their struggle.
gress. "I think this is mislead- 22?5w V* th* A?L
ing. Unfortunately, the kind of ^'now'^eaS" n **
cooperation we see here, and w'
in the House and the Senate,
go largely unreported because
they are not all that dramatic.
I hope [this campaign] will
highlight our joint commit-
ment to work together."
The Ntw York Jewish Week
NAP has done its share of
baiting as well. Over the years,
Newman has publicly called
the ADL "a multi million dollar
slander machine," a "disgrace
to Judaism," and "a pack of
bullies." A lead article in the
Feb. 2,1989, National Alliance
was entitled, "The ADL: Jews
Without Principles."
and other democratic guaran-
Given this passionate com-
mitment to democracy, AFL-
CIO support for Israel is not
surprising. Israel, of course, is
the only democratic country in
the Middle East, and the only
country in the Middle East
with a free trade union move-
ment. Its well-developed, free
labor movement is widely
admired within American
trade union circles. This
admiration stems from the
crucial role played by the His-
tadrut in nation-building and
the fact that the founding lead-
ers of the Jewish State were
products of the labor move-
ment. American unions also
see Israel as something of a
model of social democracy,
with 85% of the population
organized into unions and an
extensive social welfare sys-
tem that includes a national
health and benefit program
administered by Histadrut. In
short, American labor has long
been convinced that by sup-
porting Israel, it is supporting
the most fundamental princi-
ples of free trade unionism.
We live in a time when dem-
ocratic movements are gaining
ground around the world;
sadly, this democratic revolu-
tion has failed to reach the
Middle East. Until that time,
supporting democracy in the
Middle East means supporting
the only democratic state in
the Middle East. And that
State is Israel.
Perry is Assistant Director of the
Jewish Labor Committee.
Boy Scouts Remove
Swastika-like Symbol
New York The Boy
Scouts of America will remove
an Indian symbol which resem-
bles a swastika from future
editions of the organization's
catalogue, the Anti-
Defamation League learned.
Decision was announced after
Jeffrey P. Sinensky, director
of ADL's Civil Rights Division,
wrote to Ben H. Love, the Boy
Scouts' chief executive.
Continued from Page 7
are enrolled in Jewish day
schools, considered the most
effective means of ensuring
Jewish continuity, according
to Liora Isaacs, director of
research at the Jewish Educa-
tional Service of North Amer-
ica (JESNA).
With so much Jewish educa-
tion taking place in part-time
"supplementary" schools and
informal settings, full-time
teaching jobs are low-paying
and rarely available. Figures
vary from city to city, but
starting salaries for Jewish
day school teachers are often
$5,000 less than for public
school teachers.
"You're not going to attract
teachers into the field when
the most they can earn after
10 to 15 years, with a master's
degree, is $35,000 a year, as
opposed to $45,000 to $50,000
for public school veterans,"
said Paul Flexner, director of
human resources development
And, with the possible
exception of New York's
Orthodox communities, prob-
lems in finding qualified,
licensed teachers exist for all
denominations, said Flexner.
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