The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County

Material Information

The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County the voice of the Jewish community of Palm Beach County
Uniform Title:
Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County (Palm Beach, Fla. : 1985)
Place of Publication:
West Palm Beach, Fla
Fred K. Shochet
Creation Date:
February 9, 1990
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ;


Subjects / Keywords:
Jewish newspapers -- Florida ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Palm Beach (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Palm Beach County (Fla.) ( lcsh )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
newspaper ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Palm Beach -- Palm Beach


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 11, no. 27 (Sept. 13, 1985)-
Numbering Peculiarities:
Numbering in masthead and publisher's statements conflict: Feb. 20, 1987 called no. 4 in masthead and no. 8 in publisher's statement; Mar. 31, 1989 called no. 12 in masthead and no. 13 in publisher's statement.
General Note:
"Combining Our voice and Federation reporter."

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
This item is presumed to be in the public domain. The University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries respect the intellectual property rights of others and do not claim any copyright interest in this item. Users of this work have responsibility for determining copyright status prior to reusing, publishing or reproducing this item for purposes other than what is allowed by fair use or other copyright exemptions. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions may require permission of the copyright holder. The Smathers Libraries would like to learn more about this item and invite individuals or organizations to contact Digital Services ( with any additional information they can provide.
Resource Identifier:
44605643 ( OCLC )
sn 00229551 ( LCCN )

Related Items

Related Item:
Jewish Floridian
Preceded by:
Jewish Floridian (Palm Beach, Fla. : 1982)


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Jewish floridian
Volume 16 Number 3
Price 40 Cents
Vatican May Have
Failed To Aid Jews
LOS ANGELES (JTA) The Vatican may
have tacitly condoned the strengthening of the
Nazi regime and failed to aid its Jewish
victims, according to an unprecedented docu-
ment released by Catholic and Jewish leaders
in Southern California.
The document, the first of its kind to explore
the Catholic Church's role as an unwitting
accomplice in Adolf Hitler's consolidation of
power, will be sent to the Vatican, the National
Conference of Catholic Bishops in Washington,
and to 3,000 Catholic schools, seminaries and
parishes across the United States.
"This is in my opinion unique and is pioneer-
ing and ground- breaking, Rabbi A. James
Rudin, national director of interreligious
affairs for the American Jewish Committee,
told the Los Angeles Times.
The five-page statement was drafted by the
Catholic-Jewish Respect Life Committee, cons-
isting of 23 Southern California religious and
education leaders.
Leading members of the committee are
Rabbi Alfred Wolf and Monsignor Royale
Vadakin, both veteran leaders in Catholic-
Jewish relations here.
Relations between Jews and Catholics in
Southern California have long been considered
as a model for the rest of the country.
Vadakin said that while many Catholic-
Jewish committees in the U.S. have discussed
the Holocaust, the current statement is the
first to be published and distributed to educat-
ors. Parishes across the country will next
decide whether to incorporate the material into
their school curricula.
Titled "The Holocaust: At the Edge of
Comprehension," the document is based on
historical evidence, rather than church
U.S., Soviet Warn Israel
On Settling New Immigrants
LIN East Berlin Ameri-
can conductor Leonard Bern-
stein on the podium of East
Berlins Schauspielhaus where
he conducted Beethoven's
Ninth. The holiday concert was
televised around the world.
(APIWide World Photo)
Israel received strong warn-
ings from both the United
States and the Soviet Union
about settling newly arrived
Soviet Jews in the West Bank
and Gaza Strip.
In Moscow, the chief Israeli
consular official, Arye Levin,
was summoned to the Soviet
Foreign Ministry and warned
by the first deputy foreign
minister of the "grave conse-
quences" of settling immi-
grants in the administered ter-
ritories, according to reports
from Jerusalem.
Later, at a Moscow news
conference, the Soviet Foreign
Ministry spokesman said an
influx of immigrants in the
West Bank and Gaza Strip
would "expose the Middle
East to grave dangers and
would jeopardize the peace
In Washington, the State
Department said the United
States had informed Israel
that housing the new immi-
grants in the territories would
not help Middle East peace
"Building settlements or
putting even more settlers in
the territories is an obstacle to
the cause of peace," said the
State Department's deputy
spokesman, Richard Boucher.
Boucher said the United
States expressed its concern to
Israel, because "we have seen
reports that some of the
(Soviet) emigres have chosen
to settle in the occupied terri-
One report estimated that of
12,056 Soviet Jews said to
have come to Israel in 1989,
400 have gone to the West
The Israeli government is
not openly encouraging Soviet
immigrants to make their
homes in the West Bank or
Gaza Strip. Most who go there
do so to join families.
Anti-Semitic Consequence
Of Glasnost 'Perverse'
high-ranking State Depart-
ment official speaking here
called the re-emergence of
popular anti- Semitism in the
Soviet Union a "perverse con-
sequence of glasnost," Mikhail
Gorbachev's policy of open-
Raymond Seitz, assistant
secretary of state for Euro-
pean and Canadian affairs,
said that with the "dismal"
economic situation in the
Soviet Union, it seems inevita-
ble that "some people at some
time will seek out a scape-
Nevertheless, he said, it is in
the U.S. interest that Gorba-
chev's program of perestroika,
or restructuring, continue.
Seitz made his remarks at a
meeting of the Jewish Com-
munity Relations Council of
New York.
Seitz said that President
Bush would put forward a
human rights agenda at the
superpower summit in June
that would include asking for
resolution of the remaining
refusenik cases.
He said that "progress has
been made and continues to be
made" to free those who con-
tinue to be denied permission
to emigrate.
KOCH HONORED NEW YORK Edward I. Koch, right,
receives a silver kiddush cup from Seymour D. Reich, chairman
of the Conference of Presidents of Major American Jewish
Organizations. The former New York City mayor was honored by
national Jewish leaders at a luncheon sponsored by the Confer-
$70 Million More Sought
For Refugees In U.S.
With Congress back in session,
one of the top priorities for
Jewish social service agencies
is to secure an additional $70
million for the State Depart-
ment's refugee budget.
The money will bridge a
shortage of funds needed to
bring 40,000 Soviet refugees
to the United States this fiscal
year with full government aid.
An additional 10,000 refugees
will be admitted with private
A $65 million shortfall in the
State Department's overall
refugee budget emerged last
fall, when Congress appropri-
ated only enough money to pay
for 84,000 of the 111,000 refu-
gees worldwide to be admitted
this fiscal year with full gov-
ernment funding.
The gap grew worse when
the State Department recently
cut its refugee admissions
budget by $15 million to pro-
vide additional funds for a
Health and Human Services
Department program that
assists newly arrived refugees
with initial resettlement costs.
In effect, the State Depart-
ment cut funds from the pro-
gram used to bring refugees to
the United States so it could
help resettle the ones who
have already arrived here.
That move brought some
financial relief to Jewish com-
munity federations, which
receive roughly $1,000 in cash
and medical assistance from
HHS for each newly arrived
refugee. The federations
match that amount with an
average of $2,500 per refugee.
But the $15 million transfer
angered relief agencies that
are short of funds to help bring
the refugees to the United
Because a number of these
relief agencies work on behalf
of non-Jewish refugees, the
Jewish community has now
been hit with "an enormous
number of community rela-
tions problems," said an exec-
utive of one Jewish agency
Donald Hammond, director
of U.S. ministries at World
Relief, which, among other
things, brings Soviet Evangeli-
cal Christians as refugees to
the United States, said he
would have preferred that the
$15 million had stayed in the
State Department's refugee

Page 2 The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County/Friday, February 9, 1990
Tu B'Shevat Shabbat
Tu B'Shevat 5750, which falls on Saturday,
Feb. 10, has been designated JNF Shabbat
by the Jewish National Fund.
That agency, designated more than 90
years ago to transform the once barren
Jewish homeland into a thriving greenbelt
of forests, has to meet more than its
traditional responsibility of continuing the
planting of trees in Israel.
More than two million trees have been
lost to the intifada since 1987, consuming
an estimated 70,000 acres at a cost of $68
million. JNF is committed both to the
replenishment of the devastated areas and
the purchase of modern fire-fighting equip-
Tu B'Shevat, however, is more than a
"Jewish Arbor Day" which provides a
convenient day for world Jewry to plant
trees in Israel.
In our times, the JNF has planted some
200 million trees, meeting its challenge
declared at the first Zionist Congress. The
forests and woodlands provide not only
recreation areas for Israelis and visitors,
but are vital to the tourist industry.
Jews throughout our community should
convey a resounding message to Israel's
enemies regarding the futility of arson and
demonstrate anew our united support for
the integrity, security and future of the
Jewish State.
Israeli Press Faces
Public Opposition
struggling for the free flow of
information about the intifada,
the Israeli press faces not only
military censorship but opposi-
tion from large segments of
the public, who believe the less
news the better for national
"One talks about the public's
right to know," said Hanna
Zemer, editor of the newspa-
per Davar. "But it turned out
that most of the public does
not want to know,' she said at
a Tel Aviv University sympo-
"The public likes exposure of
senior officials and leaders,
but the public does not like to
expose itself," Zemer added.
Professor Ephraim Ya'ar,
dean of the social sciences fac-
ulty at Tel Aviv University,
said recent surveys show that
more than half the population
believes the press has too
much freedom in Israel, and
that more than 60 percent
believe that expanded press
freedom is harmful to the
security of the state.
Ya'ar attributed much of
that feeling to weariness with
news from the West Bank and
Gaza Strip.
But the news media, local
and foreign, is constantly
demanding more information
from the territories, regard-
less of diminished interna-
tional interest in the intifada.
The Israel Defense Force,
meanwhile considers itself
caught between the conflicting
responsibilities of keeping the
media informed and preserv-
ing security.
IDF spokesman Nahman
Shai told the symposium that
press freedom has not been
curtailed since the Palestinian
uprising started more than
two years ago.
He said that frequent criti-
cism notwithstanding, the
army insists that the informa-
tion it feeds the media is accu-
rate and reliable.
The critics have said the
army fails to give an accurate
update of events, especially in
comparison with Arab sources.
Jewish floridian
or Palm Seech County
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and Publleher
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Executive Editor
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Jewish Floridian doe* not guarantee Kaahruth of Merchandiee AbVertlaed.
SUBSCRIPTION RATES: Local Are* U Annual (2-Year Minimum $7.90)
Pluralism Can Ease Tensions
ever one looks across the
globe, innocent human beings
are being massacred by religi-
ous, racial, ethnic and tribal
In the Soviet Union, for
example, Christian Armenians
and Moslem Azerbaijanis are
slaughtering each other. All
over the world, fighting
between Christians and Mos-
lems, and Moslems and Mos-
lems is leading to the murder
of thousands of people in
Lebanon, Iraq, Iran, the
Sudan, Ethiopia the Philip-
pines. The toll of daily deaths
from religious and ideological
fanaticism is terrifying.
In virtually every case of
such group killings, one finds
that there is no religious or
political doctrine or ideology of
religious pluralism a convic-
tion of respect for difference,
of live and let live.
During my 30 years of work
in interreligious affairs in
many parts of the world, I
have come to believe that Jews
and Judaism have a fundamen-
tal contribution to make in
providing a moral and religi-
ous conception for human
unity in the midst of the diver-
sity of peoples and nations.
In an essay I wrote in 1974
called "Judaism, Ecumenism
and Pluralism" that appeared
in a book, "Speaking of God
Today" (Fortress Press), I
traced the Jewish views of
tolerance and pluralism begin-
ning in the Bible and devel-
oped by great Rabbinic sages
and Talmudists in almost
every century. It is remarka-
ble how advanced and positive
that tradition is.
The core of that tradition
was formulated by such promi-
nent rabbis as Maimonides,
Rabbi Menachem Hameiri,
Rabbi Jacob Emden, Rabbi
Samson Raphael Hirsch. Their
teaching was based on the Tal-
mudic principle, formulated by
Maimonides: "Whoever pro-
fesses to obey the seven Noa-
hide Laws and strives to keep
them is classed with the right-
eous among the nations and
has a share in the world to
The Seven Noahide Laws
prohibit idolatry, sexual
immorality, blasphemy, mur-
der, theft, cruelty to animals,
and the positive command-
ment of establishing courts of
justice (Sanhedrin 66).
Jewish leaders would do well
to sponsor conferences on the
Jewish doctrines of pluralism
as a serious means of helping
the human community, includ-
ing Israel, to avert further
bloodshed and intolerance.
Rabbi Mare H. Tanenbaum is inter-
national relations consultant to the
American Jewish Committee.
Tu B'Shevat:
Meaning Of Jewish Roots
Friday, February 9,1990
Volume 16
Number 3
Tu B'Shevat is the name we
use for the New Year of Trees,
although its translation is sim-
ply 15th of Shevat, the date
when it is believed that the sap
begins to rise in the fruit trees
of Israel.
However, its real name in
Hebrew Rosh
Hashanah L'ilanot refers to
trees and planting, an agricul-
tural festival marking the date
from which to count the age of
a tree. This was used originally
for reasons of the tithe in
Temple times and also to indi-
cate the maturation of fruit.
The New Year of Trees is
mentioned in the Mishnah as
one of the four New Years.
Trees occupy a central posi-
tion in Jewish law and fore,
beginning with a mention in
the Bible during the story of
creation. Trees are also associ-
ated with important biblical
events, such as Abraham sit-
ting under the oak of Mamre,
and Moses having a vision of a
oush that is burning and con-
In Israel, the Jewish
National Fund has been
planting trees for over 80
years. Almost 200 million
trees have been planted so
that future generations
could benefit from them.
It has made the desert
bloom and turned the
barren wastelands into
It is forbidden to destroy
fruit trees and use them dur-
ing a siege (Deuteronomy
20:19). The rabbis used this
verse to develop the idea of
"ba'al tashchit," meaning
"You shall not destroy." It is
interpreted as a general princi-
ple prohibiting vandalism and
wanton destruction of any
Whole sections in the Tal-
mud deal with the proper and
improper use of trees. For
example, it is forbidden to
plant trees within 25 cubits of
a built-up area. Also, roots are
carefully studied in terms of
relationship to soil, when
branches protrude into a
neighbor's land, the value of a
tree, etc.
There is a whole series of
blessings centered about trees
to be recited on specific occa-
sions. When the fruit of a tree
is to be eaten, a blessing must
be recited. On smelling fragr-
ant woods or barks, there is an
appropriate prayer. When one
sees trees first blossoming,
one should say "Blessed is God
who has provided the world
with everything and made
creation that was good, so that
people might take pleasure"
(Berachot 43).
Indeed, the Torah itself is
called "a tree of life." Leg-
ends, stories and parables
about trees fill volumes of
pages in Jewish literature.
But, perhaps the best known
and most instructive is the tale
of the old man who was seen
planting a carob tree as the
king rode by.
"Old man," the king called
out, "how old are youf
"Seventy years, your maj-
CMtincd o. Page 3

Friday, February 9, 1990/The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County Page 3
Kenneth Treister Explains Miami-Beach Design
Memorial Reflects
Architect's Expression
Jewish Floridian Staff Writer
The Miami Beach Holocaust
Memorial Gardens is the most
important and serious work
that 59-year-old architect and
sculptor Kenneth Treister has
ever undertaken in his life.
For five years he poured his
heart and soul, creativity and
passion into the work that
hundreds will come to see at
the official opening Sunday
and hundreds of thousands will
visit in generations to come.
In a sense, the concept is
even too boggling for the
Miami artist to comprehend. It
is one man's expression of the
Holocaust and yet that man
admits the Holocaust is some-
thing that is unexpressable.
"It can't represent one min-
ute of the Holocaust. You can
try to do it, but you can't," he
Each person who visits the
memorial will bring to it an
individual interpretation based
on such factors as age, reli-
gion, background and sensitiv-
And Treister says that's
what he wants visitors to do.
As Treister supervised work
Tu B'Shevat
Continued from Page 2
crews and prepared the finish-
ing touches in his khaki shorts,
lavender polo shirt, straw hat,
docksiders and sunglasses
constantly dabbing on Vasel-
ine for protection against the
hot sunhe shared intimate
thoughts about his design in a
poignant, walking interview.
He revealed the deep conflict
that he wrestled with before
the drawings even left his
board: How do you give a
proper memorial that respects
the death of a people, and at
the same time tell the horrors
of the Nazis?
He didn't want to use depic-
tions of barbed wire and other
Nazi death tools. That, he said,
would be like letting the Nazis
tell him how to express the
"I didn't want it to be grot-
esque. This was a beautiful
people, a beautiful civilization
of musicians, of dancers, of
folk lore, of religion and the
whole civilization was dest-
He decided upon mixing
despair with hope, life with
death, beauty with ugliness,
light with darkness and drew
heavily on the use of nature:
the sun, moon, water and sky
and foliage.
"This is a stage. See the
curtain of green,' says Treis-
ter as he points to the newly-
planted forest of palm trees.
"It's all a backdrop."
As a visitor walks through
this living memorial garden he
becomes a part of the art.
If there would be such a
thing as an artist's instruc-
tions about how to approach a
work something Treister
prefers not to do it would
start on the patio by the
reflecting pond where the title
of the work is engraved: "In
Memory of the Six Million
Jewish Victims of the Holo-
You will be standing on Jeru-
salem stone, a special rock that
was quarried in Israel from the
same earth that was there in
biblical times. It is the largest
use of Jerusalem stone any-
where outside of Israel. And
its use in the memorial gives it
a special connection to the
Jewish state, which did not
exist during the Holocaust.
He would suggest sitting on
one of the benches made from
whole slabs of Israeli stone,
under the wrought-iron light
esty," the man replied.
"How many years will it
take before that tree will bear
fruits?" the king asked.
"Perhaps 70 years," the
man replied.
Mockingly, the king contin-
ued: "Do you really expect to
ever eat fruit of that tree?"
"Of course not," the man
said, "but just as I found fruit
trees when I was born, so do I
plant trees that future genera-
tions may eat of them."
Contemporary Jews who
understand their roots con-
tinue in this tradition.
In Israel, the Jewish
National Fund has been plant-
ing trees for over 80 years.
Almost 200 million trees have
been planted so that future
generations could benefit from
them. It has made the desert
bloom and turned the barren
wastelands into forests.
In the autumn of 1988,
Shomrei Adama, Guardians of
the Earth, was created in
Pennsylvania. Its purpose is to
express the classic Jewish
respect and reverence for our
ecological roots. Its program is
designed to weave together
traditional Jewish wisdom,
such as ecological teachings,
music, art and restoration
activities. They have already
developed resource materials
on Judaism and the environ-
Andy Lipkis is a bearded,
boyish, homespun person who
makes his dreams about saving
the planet realistic. Inspired
by the belief that planting
trees can reduce smog, protect
the ozone layer, feed hungry
people and preserve the earth,
Lipkis has become a global
Johnny Appleseed. The organ-
ization he founded 15 yean
ago, Tree People, is directly or
indirectly responsible for
planting more than 170 million
trees around the world.
At the center of Tree Peo-
ple's philosophy is the belief
that people can save them-
selves by saving the land.
Most fascinating is the fact
that Tu B'Shevat is now a
Navajo Indian word in the
Painted Desert region of the
Navajo Nation. On this north-
ern Arizona Indian reserva-
tion, an extraordinary partner-
ship has been created between
Israeli agricultural experts
and Navajo farmers.
Now in its sixth year, the
unique experimental project
has brought two Israelis to
Arizona to teach impoverished
Navajo farmers drip-irrigation
methods the system devel-
oped in Israel to grow crops in
inhospitable soil.
Last spring the fourth
annual Navajo "Tu B'Shevat"
ceremony took place. Guided
by a kibbutznik, Indian young-
sters and adults planted
hundreds of trees around the
reservation and on the
grounds of the Navajo school.
While celebrating
Tu B'Shevat this year, Feb.
10, we should be aware that
Jewish roots are spreading
Rabbi Bernard S. Rodeos it rabbi
emeritus of the Temple of Aaron Con-
gregation in St. Paul.

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Miami artist and architect Kenneth Treister, right, discusses the
Holocaust Memorial with two assistants.
fixtures or on the low-lying
spiral steps that form an ampi-
theater around the reflecting
"The spiral is an important
Jewish form," said Treister.
"The continuation of life never
World-famous Victoria
water lilies with night and day
blooms will be placed on the
pond. A semi-circle with an
abstract of a menorah with
water from the pond running
through it extends in a small
"It's a place to come and
think, and try to understand,"
said Treister.
From the emotional silence
of reflection, Treister would
then begin the intellectual
aspect of the tour. (The memo-
rial would not provide a whole
experience if it were viewed
with only one of the two essen-
tial ingredients: intellect and
emotions, he said.)
There is a sculpture of a
woman and two children and a
quote from Anne Frank talk-
ing about hope and the good-
ness of mankind.(The same fig-
ures are shown dead in a com-
panion sculpture at the exit).
Enter a colonade of solid
Jerusalem stone hewn in one
piece in Jerusalem. It supports
an arbor, wood trelis, which
will have white flowering bou-
gan villas.
The story of the Holocaust is
told in pictures etched into a
granite wall. They are graphic,
poignant and stark. So are the
captions which were written
along with a synopsis of the
Holocaust by survivor, educa-
tor and committee member Dr.
Helen Fagin.
The etchings Fagin pain-
stakingly selected for this
aspect of the memorial are
based on authentic pictures
taken from Holocaust
Fagin included two maps in
Continued on Page 5
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Page 4 The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County/Friday, February 9, 1990
As Israeli-Palestinian nego-
tiations reach a sensitive
stage, the peace process is
beginning to touch the difficult
issue of Jerusalem. It is get-
ting closer to the day when
peace negotiations will face
this critical matter.
Public opinion polls have
shown that Americans over-
whelmingly support Israeli
control over a unified Jerusa-
lem, Israel's capitol and
Judaism's holiest city. Across
the political spectrum, Israelis
are not willing to cede sover-
eignty over their capital or see
it divided again. Jerusalem
also holds deep Biblical impor-
tance to Christians. They too
realize that their holy places
will be cared for by an Israeli
administration that protects
religious freedom for all faiths.
Since the late 1800's, a
majority of Jerusalem's popu-
lation has been Jewish. When
the UN debated the subject in
1947, it recommended that
Jerusalem be international-
ized. Even though Jews consti-
tuted more than 60 percent of
the city's population at the
Jerusalem Question Approaches
It is getting closer to the day when peace negotiations will face
this critical matter. ________,________
critical matter.
time, the Jewish Agency
accepted this proposal in the
hope of working out a compro-
mise with the Arabs. But the
latter rejected this solution.
During Israel's War of Inde-
pendence, Jerusalem was
besieged by Arab forces.
Within a six-week period,
1,490 men, women, and
childred died in defense of the
city. The Arab Legion seized
the Old City, capturing or driv-
ing out its Jewish population.
From 1948-67, Jerusalem
was divided. Jews were not
allowed to visit the Wall,
Judaism's most holy shrine, or
the Mount of Olives, cemetary,
where they have been burying
their dead for more than 2,500
years. Gravestones were used
to build latrines, and a mosque
was built over the graves.
Thirty-four synagogues, some
of them centuries old, were
destroyed. Jerusalem's Old
Quarter was turned into a
slum. Christians were often
denied access to their holy
When Israel liberated Jeru-
salem in 1967, that changed.
For more than 22 years, Jeru-
salem has been an undivided
city, where Jews, Christians
and Moslems have access to
their holy places. It is essential
to the cause of peace that West
Bank election negotiators not
call into question Jerusalem's
current status as a unified city
open to people of all religions.
Reprinted from Near East Report.
Dramatic' Shift Toward Autocracy?
Israelis may support democ-
racy in spirit, but in fact they
may be ready to give it up,
according to a survey just con-
ducted for the Israel-Diaspora
It showed a "dramatic" shift
toward authoritarian solutions
which could be ascribed to the
intifada, said Eric Carmon,
who heads the institute.
"There is no doubt that over
the past two years, different
elements have been at work to
undermine the Israeli political
system and its democratic
foundations," he said.
The survey, conducted by
Professors Ephraim Ya'ar and
Yohanan Peres of Tel Aviv
University, showed that 78
percent of Israeli citizens sup
port democracy, as defined in
general terms.
But when translated into
hypothetical specifics, the sup-
port erodes markedly.
About 45 percent of the
1,200 Israelis questioned
agreed with the statement,
"In Israel's current situation,
a strong leadership is needed
to bring order to the country,
independent of elections or a
Knesset vote."
Disagreement was regis-
tered by 42 percent, and 13
percent had no opinion.
When the same question was
posed in 1987, before the inti-
fada began, it was rejected by
59 to 34 percent.
Similarly, only 44 percent of
the respondents disagreed
with the statement that "a
slight threat to national secur-
ity is sufficient to justify a
serious limitation of democ-
Two years ago, 56 percent
opposed that statement.
The survey also showed that
supporters of the political left
and right have both hardened
their positions in the last two
'Jews In America' Depicts
6 Million Who Flourish
Forty-five years ago it was
Six Million Lost. Now the
United States has the largest
Jewish population in the
world: Six Million who flour-
In a coffee table book, "The
Jews in America," publisher
David Cohen claims the
"vibrant and diverse" com-
munity has flourished in
'"America's atmosphere of reli-
gious freedom, tolerance and
With an introduction by
author Chaim Potok, the 10-
by-14 inch hardcover released
last year is the ninth in the
"Day in the Life Projects"
that took candid pictorial
glimpses into the populace of
countries such as the United
States, China and Russia.
More than 60 accomplished
magazine and newspaper pho-
tographers captured scenes as
diverse as Jewish cowboys in
California to three young
siblings dressing up as Queen
Esther, a rabbi ana a bride on
As Potok notes in his intro-
duction, Jews in Old World
countries may have contri-
buted to their culture, but
never had they so much inte-
grated into the culture itself as
they have in America. It
creates both "enormous oppor-
tunity and significant risk, he
"Will the committed two-
thirds succeed in fashioning an
authentic American-Jewish
civilization, one rich in new
forms of individual and com-
munal expression as did the
Jews of Babylonia...? he
"Or will American Jews
become a modern-day version
of the vanished, culturally
attenuated Jewry of ancient
Alexandria so much a part
of their culture that
finally faded into it?"
Give The Gift of Trees
Through the Jewish National Fund
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Edict Attacked
mer Sephardic Chief Rabbi
Ovadia Yosef has run afoul of
the ultra-Orthodox Eda Hare
dit community over when to
light the Sabbath candles in
Yosef, who heads the
Sephardic Council of Sages,
ruied recently that 20 minutes
before sunset was ample time.
The haredi insist it must be
40 minutes. Their Beth Din
(religious court) announced
that it may condemn or even
excommunicate the prestig-
ious Sephardic rabbi, unless he
reverses himself.
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Friday, February 9, 1990/The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County Page 5
Cuomo to Address American Friends of Hebrew U.
Melvin and Eileen Kieffer
Kieffers To Recieve Lion of Judah
Rabbi Melvin and Eileen
Kieffer, at a reception and
light supper being held at Tem-
ple Beth Zion Sunday, Febru-
ary 25, 4 p.m., will be pre-
sented with the Lion of Judah
Barry Farber, New York
radio talk show host, will be
guest speaker. For informa-
tion, call 686-8611.
Governor Mario M. Cuomo
of New York will deliver the
keynote address at the Ameri-
can Friends of the Hebrew
University's annual Palm
Beach gala, on Tuesday night,
February 27, at The Breakers.
The event will celebrate the
65th Anniversary of the
Hebrew University's dedica-
tion on Mount Scopus in Jeru-
salem in 1925.
Herbert D. Katz, of Hollyw-
ood, Fl., National President of
the American Friends of the
Hebrew University, is serving
as chairman of the dinner-
dance. Former U.S. Ambassa-
Cairo Pence*
March Doubtful
Egyptian government is repor-
ted to be less than enthusiastic
about plans by Peace Now and
Kibbutz Artzi, the kibbutz
movement of Mapam, to hold a
joint Arab-Israeli peace march
in Cairo.
dor to the Soviet Union Arthur
A. Hartman will be the keyn-
ote speaker.
The event is part of a day-
long "Celebration of Excel-
lence" in Palm Beach, begin-
ning Tuesday morning with
the Hebrew University's
Fourth Annual Symposium,
entitled "The World in Transi-
tion," which will examine the
remarkable political changes
taking place throughout the
world. The Symposium,
chaired by community and phi-
lanthropic leader Diane Belfer,
is also at The Breakers.
Mario M. Cuomo
Continued from Page 3
the exhibit; one showing how
many centuries and millenium
Jews lived in the various East-
ern European countries, the
other showing how many were
murdered in each country.
Another pause for reflection
by an etched quote from the
23rd Psalm and then one
enters a dome with a yellow
stained-glass Star of David on
the ceiling. Depending on the
time of day, the reflection
from the sunlight above the
glass casts a reflection of the
atar on the walls of the dome.
Treister intentionally made
scratch marks on the stucco
walls of the dome to symbolize
how Jews desperately clawed
at the walls or the gas cham-
bers trying to escape the death
of the poisonous air.
Then one enters a tunnel
that was designed to appear
longer than it is. It's confining,
dark, serious, sad. Only little
slits let in shafts of light to see
the names of the concentration
camps on the wall: Mauthau
sen-Babi Yar, Treblinka,
Buchenwald, Majdanek
Theresienstadt, Gurs,
From the tunnel one
emerges into a semi-circle of
black granite walls. You look
up at the 42-foot bronze patina
sculpture that marks the cen-
terpiece of the memorial: an
arm with a hand that is open
and reaching to the sky.
Hundreds of tragic human fig-
ures climb upwards from the
base of the statue. Each one is
trying to escape, to climb out
of the hell but they all are in
the act of helping each other.
Some figures are free-
standing: an old couple saying
goodbye to one another, a little
baby, alone, crying, arms
stretched out but no one there.
Yet no figure manages to
climb beyond the wrist It is as
if only G-d, in His time, will
come and grab the waiting,
outreached hand and never let
There is a wall at the memo-
rial that will be engraved with
the names of the Jews who
perished in the Holocaust. The
victims of that silence.
That is why Treister said it
was so important to make his
memorial educational as well
as symbolic.
"I had to do it so future
generations wouldn't come
here and say, 'What is this?'
"The only important thing is
reaction, not in 1990 but in
years to come. This is a public
memorial hopefully for genera-
tions. One of the most frequent
things people thought in the
Holocaust was: Will people
You look up at the 42-foot
bronze patina sculpture
that marks the
centerpiece of the
memorial: an arm with a
hand that is open and
reaching to the sky.
Hundreds of tragic
human figures climb
upwards from the base of
the statue. Each one is
trying to escape, to climb
out of the hell but they all
are in the act of helping
each other.
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Page 6 The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County/Friday, February 9, 1990
From Cries Of The Dying, March Of The Living
Jewish Floridian Staff Writer
From the cries of the dying,
came the March of the Living.
Poland, April 1988. 43 years
after the Holocaust. It was
snowing, bitter cold and the
winds were biting. 1,500 Jew-
ish teens from around the
world pulled up the collars of
their blue jackets and carried
Israeli flags.
Less than five decades ago,
six million Jewish men, women
and children were murdered.
If the Nazi's had it their way,
no Jew would have survived.
The savage, tortuous deaths
would have continued until
every Jew in Eastern Europe
was pitched into a mass grave,
turned into ashes, soap, or
skeletons for scientific
These 1,500 teens, their
hearts crying with grief, minds
spinning with unanswered
questions, passions burning
with anger and spirits blazing
with a determination, "Never
Again!" walked the same two
mile path from Auschwitz to
Birkenau where the unthinka-
ble happened.
Then they went to Israel,
where the Jewish spirit lives
and will continue to live.
"They mature a lot as human beings," explained
Greenzweig. "Also, what comes out of it is they're
not alone. When they see kids from Latin
America, Eastern Europe, Canada, it's a part of
being a people. And that's the way they make it.
They help each other. That's an experience you
can't duplicate. It's like one of the kids said: In the
place where humanity failed, you learn to be
From April 18 to May 4, the
second March of the Living
will again unite Jewish teens
from all over the world. This
time, more than 3,000 youths
more than twice the number
of the first March will reaf-
firm the very essence of life,
the flame of the Jewish souls
that the Nazis thought they
could extinguish.
More than 60 Miamians, and
as many as 150 South Florida
youths all together, are
expected to participate.
The journey is not for every-
one and a special screening
process for participants was
just completed, said Gene
Greenzweig, director of
Miami's Central Agency for
Jewish Education and national
coordinator for the 1990
"First they are screened by
a team including a local psychi-
atrist," said Greenzweig.
"We're looking basically for
the ability of individuals to
undergo the deep psychologi-
cal intensity of programs and
physically be able to handle
For the next three months,
the youths who will participate
in the March will attend spe-
cial preparatory seminars and
lectures. They will learn about
the Holocaust, facts about the
places they will visit, listen to
survivors, and, Greenzweig
added, "hopefully learn to deal
with grief.'
But no amount of prior
knowledge will ever replace
the experience of seeing with
their own eyes.
"They mature a lot as
human beings," explained
Greenzweig. "Also, what
comes out of it is they're not
alone. When they see kids
Gene Greenzweig
from Latin America, Eastern
Europe, Canada, it's a part of
being a people. And that's the
way they make it. They help
each other. That's an experi-
ence you can't duplicate. It's
like one of the kids said: In the
place where humanity failed,
you learn to be human."
The trip is planned to coin-
cide with three major dates in
Jewish history. The March
itself will take place on Yom
Hashoah, Holocaust
Remembrance Day. It culmin-
ates a week in Poland, where
the pre-war Jewish population
was the second largest in the
Now there isn't even a frac-
tion of the former Jewish life
in Poland; in some towns there
aren't even enough Jews to
make a minyan.
Yet there are these young
Jews, holding hands at the
gates of Auschwitz-Birkenau,
singing the Hatikvah and
proudly holding high the blue
and white flag of Israel.
Then they go to the Jewish
state for Yom Hazikaron,
Memorial Day, where sirens
blare, work, traffic and activ-
ity halt and everyone who has
lost a loved one in the battle
for the Jewish state which is
almost everyone in Israel
As profound is the grief, the
very next day is turned into
rejoicing. The members of the
March will help celebrate Yom
Haatzmaut, Israel's 42nd Inde-
pendence Day.
An educator for some 40
years, Greenzweig considers
the March by far "the best
educational program I've been
involved in in my life.
"You change lives," he said.
"You see things happen. They
come away with an under-
standing they never had
before. Think as a kid how
your concern was what clothes
to wear to school. They realize
there's more to life than
shopping and movies."
South Florida Youth Recall First 'March'
The whole world is a narrow
bridge. And the main thing is
not to fear at all one of the
songs sung by participants
throughout the first March of
the Living.
Jewish Floridian Staff Writer
Lenny Cohen drew swirls of
rainbow colors and then cov-
ered them up with heavy black
He had just visited Aus-
chwitz with 1,500 Jewish teens
on the first "March of the
Living" in 1988.
"This is the way I feel," he
explained, "as if the black is
swallowing up all the colors
inside me.'
On April 18, 1990, some 150
South Florida teens will join
3,000 youths from around the
world on the second "March of
the Living."
Although they will spend the
next eight weeks receiving
intensive pre-trip briefings
and lectures, nothing can
unleash the roller coaster of
emotions they will experience
on the trip itself.
The 1988 March demon-
strated that. Two weeks spent
in Poland's former death
camps and the Jewish state,
resulted in poetry, artwork,
essays and vignettes that
express more emotions than
pass through a psychiatrist's
office in a lifetime.
In the collection published by
the Central Agency for Jewish
Education in Miami, Amy
Lane could only ask How? and
"How could this happen?
How did anyone survive* How
can people hurt other people?
Why doesn't anyone respect
our Judaism? Why do people
deny it? Why did so many
suffer? Why do I feel cold all
The works reflect anger,
despair, grief, bitterness.
"Business is booming. Busi-
ness is booming," Josh Sher
wrote in a poem he called
"Tours today/snacks
sell...Clean crematoriums/Gov-
ernment granted/Groomed
grass/Polished pave-
ment...Business is business,
and business is booming."
Jon Lasko wrote home to his
mom. dad, David and Lisi:
"...The want inside me to tell
you how much I love you guys
gets greater and greater. I
really feel guilty about how
badly I take everything I have
for granted you give me..."
But from the scenes of death
there also came feelings of
hope, a greater commitment to
Judaism, vows to never let it
happen again, a closeness from
sharing tears, hugs, hurt and
hope. Spontaneous actions
such as taking a piece of the
cobblestone road that had been
built with tombstones and
bringing it to Israel to bury.
Sara Goldberg walked
through the crematoria,
touched a baby's shoe and
wondered about the dead child
who once filled it.
As she marched with this
new generation of Jews carry-
ing high the Israeli flags, she
searched the faces of each and
every Pole.
"I looked deep into their
eyes, into their minds and
hearts. 'You tried to kill us;
you wanted us dead! Well now
look: The Jewish people live;
we are more alive and vibrant
than ever.' Am Yisrael Chai, I
thought as I marched. I felt
such intense pride to be a
Panama Says PLO Can't Open Office
President Guillermo Endara of
Panama pledged to 1,500 Pan-
amanian Jews that he will not
allow the Palestine Liberation
Organization to open an office
News of the meeting was
reported by David Bassan,
chairman of the Panamanian
Jewish community, through
Seymour Reich, president of
B'nai B'rith International.
Reich returned from a three-
day visit to Panama.
At the meeting with Endara,
the Panamanian Jews cheered
the new government. For his
part, the Panamanian presi-
dent praised the community
for its contributions to Pan-
ama, whose estimated 5,000
Jews are said to own more
than half of the country's busi-
Also taking part in the meet-
ing was Vice President Guil-
lermo Ford, who fondly
recalled memories of his Jew-
ish great- grandmother.
Vice President Ricardo
Arias Calderon spoke of Pan-
ama's deliverance from the
Noriega dictatorship by refer-
ring to the Passover prayer,
"Next year in Jerusalem.
"For Panama," he said, "it
is this year in Jerusalem."
WJC Halts Sale Of
Wolf Haggadah
NEW YORK The Geneva
Supreme court has ruled in
favor of the World Jewish Con-
gress in its legal case against
the Polish government over
possession of a rare Jewish
Manuscript stolen by the
Nazis, and almost sold at auc-
tion last summer.
Manuscript is the Wolf Hag-
gadah, a medieval Hebrew
text worth an estimated $1
million, a retelling of the Jews'
flight from Egypt in Biblical
The illuminated Haggadah,
dating from 13th century
France, was from the collec-
tion of Albert Wolf, a promi-
nent German Jew who willed it
to the Jewish Community of
Berlin in 1907.
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Friday, February 9, 1990/The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County Page 7
Religious Directory
NE 26 Avenue, Boynton Beach 33435. Phone 586-9428. Rabbi
David Shapiro. Cantor Abraham Koster. Daily, 8:30 a.m. Sabbath
services, Friday 8:15 p.m., Saturday 9 a.m.
West Palm Beach 33417. Phone 684-3212. Office hours 9 a.m. to 1
p.m. Rabbi Isaac Vander Walde. Cantor Mordecai Spektor. Daily
services 8:30 a.m. and 6 p.m. Friday night 5 p.m. and 8:15 p.m
Saturday 9 a.m. and 7:15 p.m.
GOLDEN LAKES TEMPLE: 1470 Golden Lakes Boulevard,
West Palm Beach 33411. Phone 689-9430. Rabbi Joseph Speiser.
Daily services 8 a.m. Sabbath services Friday 8 p.m. Saturday 9
a.m. For times of evening services please call the Temple office.
Road, Lake Worth. Phone 967-3600. Rabbi Richard K. Rocklin.
Cantor Abraham Mehler. Services Friday 8 p.m., Saturday and
holidays, 8:45 a.m. Daily minyan 8:15 a.m., Sundays through
TEMPLE BETH DAVID: 4657 Hood Road, Palm Beach Gardens
33418. Phone 694-2350. Rabbi Randall J. Konigsburg. Cantor
Earl J. Rackoff. Sabbath services, Friday 8 p.m., Saturday 9:30
TEMPLE BETH EL: 2815 No. Flagler Drive, West Palm Beach
33407. Phone 833-0339. Cantor Norman Brody. Sabbath ser-
vices Friday 8:15 p.m., Saturday 9:30 a.m. Daily Minyan 8:15
a.m., Sunday and legal holidays 9 a.m.
TEMPLE BETH SHOLOM: 315 No. "A" Street, Lake worm
33460. Phone 585-5020. Rabbi Emanuel Eisenberg. Cantor
Howard Dardashti. Services Monday and Thursday, 8:15 a.m.
FriHav evening, 8:15 p.m., Saturday, 9 a.m.
TEMPLE BETH SHOLOM: 224 NW Avenue G, Belle Glade
33430. Phone 996-3886. Services: Second Wednesday of every
month, 7:30 p.m.
TEMPLE BETH ZION: 129 Sparrow Drive, Royal Palm Beach,
FL 33411. Phone 798-8888. Sabbath services Friday 8 p.m.,
Saturday 9 a.m. Rabbi Stefan J. Weinberg.
TEMPLE B'NAI JACOB: 2177 So. Congress Ave., West Palm
Beach 33406. Phone 433-5957. Sabbath services Friday 8 p.m.,
Saturday and holidays 9 a.m., Monday through Friday 9 a.m.
Rabbi Morris Pickholz. Cantor Andrew E. Beck.
TEMPLE EMANUEL: 190 North County Road, Palm Beach
33480. Phone 832-0804. Rabbi Leonid Feldman. Cantor David
Feuer. Sabbath services, Friday 7 p.m.; Saturday 9:30 a.m.
TEMPLE TORAH: Lions Club, 3615 West Boynton Beach
Boulevard, Boynton Beach 33437. Mailing address: 985ID Mili-
tary Trail, Box 360091, Boynton Beach 33436. Phone 736-7687.
Cantor Alex Chapin. Rabbi Theodore Feldman, part-time. Sab-
bath Services Friday evening 8 p.m.; Saturday 9 a.m.
BETH ABRAHAM: 3998 SW Leighton Farms Road, Palm City
33490. Mailing address: P.O. Box 2996, Stuart 33495. Phone
287-8833. Services Friday evenings 8 p.m. and Saturday 10 a.m.
CHABAD HOUSE LUBAVITCH: 4623 Forest Hill Blvd.,
West Palm Beach, 108-3, 33415. Phone 641-6167. Rabbi Shlomo
Ezagui. Sabbath Services, Saturday, 10 a.m.
CONGREGATION AITZ CHAIM: 2518 N. Haverhill Road, West
Palm Beach 33417. Phone 686-5055. Sabbath services 8:45 a.m.
and 7:30 p.m. Daily services 8:15 a.m. and 5:30 p.m. Rabbi Oscar
Street, P.O. Box 857146, Port St. Lucie, FL 33452. Phone
335-7620. Friday night services 8 p.m., Saturday morning 10:30
TEMPLE BETH AM: 759 Parkway Street, Jupiter. Phone
747-1109. Services Friday 8:00 p.m. Rabbi Rachel Hertzman.
TEMPLE BETH EL: 4600 Oleander Avenue, Fort Pierce, FL
34982. Phone 461-7428. Sabbath Services Friday 8 p.m.
TEMPLE BETH SHALOM: St. Helen's Parish Hall, 20th
Avenue and Victory Boulevard, Vero Beach 32960. Mailing
address: P.O. Box 2113, Vero Beach, FL 32961-2113. Rabbi Jay
R. Davis. Phone 1-569-4700.
TEMPLE BETH TORAH: 900 Big Blue Trace, West Palm
Beach, FL 33414. Phone 793-2700. Friday services 8:15 p.m.,
Saturday morning 10 a.m. Rabbi Steven R. Westman. Cantor
Elliot Rosenbaum.
TEMPLE ISRAEL: 1901 No. Flagler Drive, West Palm Beach
33407. Phone 833-8421. Rabbi Howard Shapiro. Cantor Karen
Blum. Sabbath services, Friday 8 p.m.
TEMPLE JUDEA: 100 Chillingworth Drive, West Palm Beach,
FL 33409. Rabbi Joel L. Levine. Cantor Rita Shore. Phone
Brazil President Promises
To Review 'Zionism-Racism*
president-elect of Brazil said
here that Brazil's vote in 1975
supporting the "Zionism is
racism" vote at the United
Nations was "a mistake" and
that he would review it when
he returned to Brazil.
Fernando Collor de Mello,
who last month was elected
Brazil's first popularly elected
president in 25 years, told
Edgar Bronfman, the presi-
dent of the World Jewish Con-
gress, that "Brazil made a
mistake" in 1975 and will not
vote that way again, Bronf-
man said.
Farbers To Be Awarded At
Brandeis Palm Beach Brunch
Leonard and Antje Farber of
Ft. Lauderdale, philanthrop-
ists, will be awarded the Ber-
tha and Jacob Goldfarb Medal
by Brandeis University Presi-
dent Evelyn E. Handler, at the
27th annual Brandeis Palm
Beach Brunch. The event wul
take place on Feb. 11, at The
Breakers in Palm Beach.
The Farbers are the princi-
pal benefactors of the Leonard
L. Farber library on the Bran-
deis University campus in Wal-
tham, Mass., dedicated in
Admiral William J. Crowe,
former chairman, joint chiefs
of staff, will deliver the keyn-
ote address. Crowe will speak
on recent political changes in
Eastern Europe, America's
military preparedness and the
role of Israel today.
Temple B'nai Jacob
Men's Club
Chairman Theodore Rothner
announced that the Men's Club
of Temple B'nai Jacob will
sponsor a Testimonial Break-
fast, in behalf of State of Israel
Bonds, paying tribute to Rabbi
Morris and Esther Pickholz.
The event will be held Sunday,
February 25, 9:30 a.m. in the
temple at 2177 South Con-
gress Avenue, West Palm
Beach. Rabbi Morris and
Esther Pickholz will be hon-
ored and presented with the
Israel Freedom Award.
New York radio talk show
host, Barry Farber, will be
guest speaker. For informa-
tion call 686-8611.
Announcement is made of the engagement of Celia Blanche
Wilner of Singer Island daughter of Abraham & Zelotta
Wilner to Glen David Schwartz of Tamarac son of Alan &
Nancy Schwartz.
Feb. 9
Feb. 16
Feb. 23
Mar. 2
5:52 p.m.
5:57 p.m.
6:05 P.M.
Synopsis Of The Weekly Tor ah Portion
. .. "And the children of Israel went into the midst of the sea upon
the dry ground; and the waters were a wall unto them on their
right hand, and on their left"
BESHALAH Fearful of the hostile tribes the Israelites might
encounter on the direct route to Canaan through the land of the
Philistines, God sent the newly-freed slaves by way of the desert
near the Red Sea. As they journeyed, they were guided by a pillar
of cloud by day and a pillar of fire by night. The Israelites had left
Egypt presumably to worship their God in the desert. When
Pharaoh learned that the children of Israel would not return to
Egypt, he pursued them to the banks of the Red Sea at the head of
an army of chosen troops. But a miracle occurred: the children of
Israel were able to pass between the waves of the Red Sea that
divided before them and stood upright like columns. The
Egyptian hosts, plunging into the Red Sea after them, were all
drowned. At this sight, the children of Israel sang a song of praise
to God. On their journey through the desert, the children of Israel
were sustained by manna from heaven; water issued from a rock
for them at the bidding of God. The Amalekites did battle with the
Israelites, but were defeated by Joshua, the son of Nun, and his
(The recounting of the Weekly Portion of the Law is extracted and
based upon "The Graphic History of the Jewish Heritage," edited by
P. Woilman-Tsamir, published by Shengold. The volume is available
at 45 West 45 Street. New York, NY 10036 (212) 2484011.)
Benediction upon Kindling
the Sabbath Lights
Blessed art Thou, O Lord our
G-d, King of the universe who
hast sanctified us by thy com-
mandments and commanded
us to kindle the Sabbath light.

Page 8 The Jewish FToridiap of Palm Beach County/Friday, February 9, 1990
Brandeis U. Sociologist Predicts

N.Y. Will Lose Dominance
population of Jews in the
United States will decrease
slightly; New York will lose its
dominance in the American
Jewish community; Jews will
become more conservative
politically; and the division
between the Orthodox com-
munity and Conservative and
Reform Jews will deepen.
These are some of the eye-
opening predictions of a Bran-
deis University sociologist,
who has attempted to forecast
the future of the American
Jewish community in the year
Based on research con-
ducted nationally in American
Jewish communities, Gary
Tobin, director of the Cohen
Center for Modern Jewish Stu-
dies at Brandeis, paints a
somewhat dismal picture of
the future of American Jewry.
"The greatest threat to the
overall size of the Jewish popu-
lation may come from inter-
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marriage," Tobin wrote in an
article in B'nai B'rith Jewish
"In the past generation, the
rate of intermarriage has sky-
rocketed ... Meanwhile, rates
of conversion to Judaism have
"In the next two genera-
tions, the Jewish community
may be reduced by 10 to 30
percent because of intermarri-
age and assimilation."
Immigration and a high
Orthodox birthrate, Tobin
notes, will offset this popula-
tion loss, but this phenomenon
may cause interdenomina-
tional problems of its own.
Tobin forecasts increased
polarization within the Ameri-
can Jewish community, with
the Reform and Conservative
communities developing
shared institutional and lead-
ership networks that will sever
their present reliance on the
Orthodox community.
"Both groups will call them-
selves Jews, but in terms of
institutional, philanthropic and
other dimensions of Jewish
life, they will be almost separ-
ate." Ultimately, marriage
between Orthodox and non-
Orthodox Jews will become
increasingly problematic.
Moreover, as the community
becomes more acutely divided
into Orthodox and non-
Orthodox, tensions within
"secular" Judaism will
now with the
is enough to handle.
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Serving Broward and Palm Beach Counties
How to drive to the Northeast
with your eyes closed.
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