The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County

Material Information

The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County the voice of the Jewish community of Palm Beach County
Uniform Title:
Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County (Palm Beach, Fla. : 1985)
Place of Publication:
West Palm Beach, Fla
Fred K. Shochet
Creation Date:
April 24, 1987
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ;


Subjects / Keywords:
Jewish newspapers -- Florida ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Palm Beach (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Palm Beach County (Fla.) ( lcsh )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
newspaper ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Palm Beach -- Palm Beach


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 11, no. 27 (Sept. 13, 1985)-
Numbering Peculiarities:
Numbering in masthead and publisher's statements conflict: Feb. 20, 1987 called no. 4 in masthead and no. 8 in publisher's statement; Mar. 31, 1989 called no. 12 in masthead and no. 13 in publisher's statement.
General Note:
"Combining Our voice and Federation reporter."

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
This item is presumed to be in the public domain. The University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries respect the intellectual property rights of others and do not claim any copyright interest in this item. Users of this work have responsibility for determining copyright status prior to reusing, publishing or reproducing this item for purposes other than what is allowed by fair use or other copyright exemptions. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions may require permission of the copyright holder. The Smathers Libraries would like to learn more about this item and invite individuals or organizations to contact Digital Services ( with any additional information they can provide.
Resource Identifier:
44605643 ( OCLC )
sn 00229551 ( LCCN )

Related Items

Related Item:
Jewish Floridian
Preceded by:
Jewish Floridian (Palm Beach, Fla. : 1982)


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Full Text

Jewish floridian
Barry Unger
Tom Mills
Unger, Mills To Address
Church/State Forum
The Alabama decision on
secular humanism, the role of
religion in public school educa-
tion, and censorship will be ex-
amined at an upcoming special
forum on "The Church/State
Dilemma: The Challenge of the
Future." The forum will be
held on Monday, May 4, 7:30
&m., at Temple Israel. 1901
o. Flagler Drive, West Palm
Addressing these issues will
be attorney Barry Unger, Na-
tional Chairman, Church/State
Commission, National Jewish
Community Relations Ad-
visory Council (NJCRAC), and
Palm Beach County School
Superintendent Tom Mills.
The announcement was made
by Leonard Hanser, Chairman
of the Local Concerns Task
Force of the Community Rela-
tions Council of the Jewish
Federation of Palm Beach
County, who will be serving as
moderator of the forum.
In making the announce-
ment, Mr. Hanser said, "We
recognize that the Chur-
ch/State issues now before us
have and will continue to have
a profound affect on our
freedoms. By learning all we
can about these challenges to
Continued on Page 7
Eban Defends U.S. Jews
Against Israeli Criticism
Abba Eban, chairman of the
Knesset Foreign Affairs and
Defense Committee, sharply
criticized charges made
recently in Israel that
American Jewish leaders
reacted fearfully to the case of
Jonathan Pollard, an
American Jew sentenced to
life imprisonment for spying
for Israel.
He said that American Jews
are entitled to differ with
Local Holocaust Survivor
Donates Sculpture To
Museum... page 2
Inter!aith Breakfast
Features Rabbi Eckstein 3
The Betrayal by Elie Wiesel 6
Israel Look Ahead...
page 19
Israel, charging that the critics
of American Jewry hurled
"condescending platitudes"
without really knowing or
understanding the American
Jewish community.
Eban, who is also the chair-
man of the special intelligence
subcommittee investigating
Israel's role in the Pollard af-
fair, spoke at the Pierre Hotel
where he was awarded the
1987 International Shazar
Prize of the Israel Historical
not mention the Pollard affair.
But his remarks were clearly
aimed at Shlomo Avineri, a
distinguished Israeli scholar
and academician, who trig-
gered controversy last month
when he charged that
American Jewish leaders
displayed a galut mentality in
their reaction to the Pollard
case. Furthermore, Avineri ac-
cused the American Jewish
leaders of "cringing" for fear
of charges of dual loyalty,
thereby belying "the conven-
tional wisdom of American
Continued on Page 2
Kohl: Holocaust Should Not
Be Dismissed By German People
Chancellor Helmut Kohl, in his
strongest public statement on
the Nazi era, called the crime
of genocide against the Jews a
crime "unprecedented in
history," declaring "we should
keep alive the memory of the
full extent of that terrible
past" and "will oppose any at-
tempts to dismiss them from
our thoughts or belittle them."
The Chancellor's remarks, at
a luncheon Tuesday, April
7, in honor of tne visiting
President of Israel, Chaim
Herzog, was seen as a warning
against attempts by some
West German scholars to
equate the Nazi extermination
oi Jews with other crimes in
modern history and by neo-
Nazis to rewrite history by
claiming the Holocaust never
"THE PERIOD of genocide
is the darkest chapter in Ger-
man history," Kohl said. "We
Germans have to live with the
terrible truth that in the days
of National Socialism the Jews
were subjected to unspeakable
suffering at the hands of the
Germans ... It is part of our
self-image that we keep alive
the memory..."
Kohl ended his speech with a
toast "to Israel's future in
peace and self-determination."
But he made clear that West
Germany and Israel differ on
approaches to Middle East
Bonn strongly supports an
international conference to
resolve the Arab-Israeli con-
flict, the Chancellor said. "We
welcome the fact that the idea
of an international negotiating
forum is gaining increasing ac-
ceptance in Israel. The posi-
tions are still far apart, but
there are encouraging signs,"
he said.
He also reiterated Bonn's
long-standing support for the
right of Palestinians to self-
HERZOG, responding, said
Israel's realities were all too
often poorly received. He cited
the participation of Israeli
Arabs in the political process,
the daily contacts between
Israelis and Egyptians and the
heavy traffic between Jordan
and Israel over the Jordan
River bridges.
Alluding to possible West
German softness on interna-
tional terrorism, Herzog warn-
ed: "Terrorists are united.
Their victims are not. Ter-
Continued on Page 5
Terrorist Firebombs
Wreak Havoc In West Bank
terrorist firebomb which killed
an Israeli woman and severely
burned her husband, their
three children and a family
friend in their car on a road in
the West Bank Saturday
night, (April 11) raised ten-
sions to a fever pitch between
Jewish settlers and the local
Arab population. It triggered a
new confrontation between
settlers and security forces,
with possible political reper-
cussions for the shaky Labor-
Likud unity coalition
The victims were Ofra
Moses, 35, who was trapped in
the car and burned to death;
her husband, Avraham, 37;
their children, Tal, 5, Adi, 8,
and Mir, 14; and their friend,
Yosef Lallo, 14, all of whom
were hospitalized with first-
degree burns.
The bomb struck the car on
the way from the Moses' home
settlement of Alphe-Menashe
to Petach Tikva. Shortly after-
wards, furious Jewish settlers
descended on the largest near-
by Arab town, Kalkilya,
smashing windows and
vehicles, stoning the mayor's
home and setting fire in fields
and orchards. The settlers
justified their attack on
grounds that the security
Continued on Page 4
Yom Hashoah
7:30 p.m.
Sunday, April 26,1987
1901 North Flagler Drive
West Palm Beach
Beate Klarsfeld
Renowned Nazi-Hunter, Portrayed In
A Recent Television Docu-Drama
Sponsored by The Holocaust Commission,
Jewish Federation of Palm Beach County.

Page 2 The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County/Friday, April 24, 1987
Holocaust Memories Transformed
Into Art By Local Survivor
Editor's Note: This article
was first published in the June
6, 1986 issue of the Jewish
Floridian of Palm Beach Coun-
ty. An update appears on this
page, "Sculpture To Be
Donated To National
Holocaust Museum."
The living room walls in Joe
and GabrieTe Wachtel's subur-
ban Lake Worth apartment
are covered with oil paintings,
watercolors and black-and-
white etchings. Still lifes are
juxtaposed with scenic land-
scapes of Switzerland and
Israel. Etcings depicting a rab-
bi tutoring a youngster in
Torah and a bearded Hassidic
grandfather reading a prayer
are hung above bookshelves
and tables adorned with stone
sculptures: A white alabaster
bear protects her cubs in a
cave, while a three-foot black
granite fawn stretches her
neck gracefuly skyward.
Standing out among all this
impressive art is an oval-
shaped assemblage of green
and red alabaster flames with
a hole in the center, sitting on
a revolving pedestal and sur-
rounded by hand-made barbed
wire. The artist calls the piece
"Flame of Freedom:
Remembering the Holocaust."
The creator of this artistic
montage is Joe Wachtel
himself, who painted, etched
and sculpted these works after
harvesting a talent that lay
dormant unitl he retired.
"I was a poor Jewish boy
raised as an orphan who was
lucky enough to survive the
Holocaust," said Wachtel. "All
of a sudden I realized I could
do these things."
Afraid of a stagnant retire-
ment after working in the New
York clothing industry since
coming to America with his
wife and son in 1963, Wachtel
finally felt secure enough to
become a full-time retiree
after he discovered his hidden
artistic talent while taking art
courses at Palm Beach Junior
College and the Norton
"I took up oils first, then
watercolors, then sculpture,"
he said. Referring specifically
to "Flame of Freedom/'
Wachtel added," I first tried to
express the Jewish experience
of the Holocaust in oils and
watercolors, but I had to tear
them up, I wasn't satisfied."
The artist explained the con-
cept and process behind the
Holocaust sculpture, which
started as a picture in his mind
and then a sketch.
"After we (the current
generation of Holocaust sur-
vivors) are gone, no one will be
around to tell an eye-witness
story," Wachtel said. "A flame
should be kept alive; the people
should always know what
The sculpture on one side
depicts the figure of a man sur-
Reception with
Beate Klarsfeld
World renown Nazi-hunter
Given on behalf of the
1987 Jewish Federation of Palm Beach County-
United Jewish Appeal Campaign
Sunday, April 26,5 p.m.
at the home of
Arnold and Marilyn Lamport
North Palm Beach
$100 Minimum Commitment to the
1987 Federetlon-UJA Campaign
Debbie Hammer, Jewish
federation of Palm Beech
County, 832-2120
Attention Young Adults
WHAT: Young Leadership Retreat
WHEN: May 1-3,1987
WHERE: Palm Beach Hyatt
Sponsored By:
United Jewish Appeal
Council of Jewish Federations
Florida Association of Jewish Federations
Jewish Federation of Palm Beach County
For more information, contact Mark Mandal, Director
of Leadership Development, at the Federation office,
rounded by flames struggling
to reach the center, where the
hole represents a tunnel-like
means of escape. When the
sculpture is swiveled to the
other side, a cupped hand
amidst the flames represents
survival, freedom and the will-
ingness of the Jewish people to
help each other.
The piece, made of cold, hard
stones smoothed into soft
curves by hours of chiseling
and polishing, in every way
portrays the dichotomy of the
Holocaust its inhuman
cruelty and the resulting fierce
determination to survive it et-
ched in the hearts of the
Jewish people, realized in the
creation of the State of Israel.
"Every single hit with the
hammer and chisel made me
happy," Wachtel said about
the work. "Lots of hard labor
went into that piece, but it was
Joe Wachtel proudly displays his sculpture, "Flames of
Freedom: Remembering The Holocaust," which will be
displayed this Sunday, April 26, 7:30 p.m., at Temple Israel,
as part of the Community Holocaust Observance.
a labor of love."
Their lives here in South
Florida are ethereal compared
to the agony they experienced,
but like most survivors they
Eban Defends U.S. Jews
Against Israeli Criticism
Continued from Page 1
Jewry feeling free, secure and
unmolested in an open
pluralistic society."
"Do not believe anything of
it," Eban told the more than
300 guests attending the af-
fair. "Everybody knows it is
not true ."he exclaimed. To
begin with, Eban said, the
analogy between American
Jewry and any other galut is
wrong, because there is no
same Jewry around the globe.
"There is American Jewry,
French Jewry, or Moroccan
Jewry, and each is different,"
he observed.
Claiming that "American
Jewry deserves the dignity of
being studied" by its Israeli ac-
cusers, the veteran diplomat,
who served as Israel s Am-
bassador to the U.S. and the
UN, said that Israel and the
American Jewish community
"are the two superpowers of
world Jewry."
AMERICAN Jews "have
the right to their opinions"
and they do not have to be
"docile" toward the Israelis,
Eban said. "We ought not say
to you, give us your money and
don't worry us with your
Turning briefly to other
issues, Eban said that Israel,
entering the fifth decade of its
independent life, no longer
faces the danger of physical
destruction. But he said
Israelis sould be "inspired by
history," not "bewitched" by
it, as many were in the wake of
the military victory in the Six-
Day War in 1967. He called for
a sense of "proportion and
restraint" to reach a realistic
view of Israel's position and
alternatives in the Mideast.
Eban received the Interna-
tional Shazar Prize, named
after the late Israeli President
Zalman Shazar, for his ac-
claimed book and television
series, "Heritage: Civilization
and the Jews." The award was
presented to him by Nobel
Laureate Eli Wiesel, and Prof.
Salo Baron, the distinguished
Jewish scholar and historian.
presenting Eban with the
award, Wiesel noted that
history has a way of dealing
justice to the Jews. "Look," he
said, "all the people who were
involved in the Bitburg affair
are no longer in the White
House, except for one. But our
President is never really in-
volved in anything." Wiesel
was referring to the controver-
sial trip of President Reagan
to a German military cemetery
in Bitburg where Nazi SS
troops are buried.
feel compelled to remember.
"We must let people know
that we are still here," said
Wachtel, speaking of his
generation of Holocaust
witnesses. "The Holocaust
should never be forgotten."
"We always try to look at
the bright side of things," said
Mrs. Wachtel, who lights
Shabbat candles every Friday
evening in gratitude for her
survival and as a commitment
to live as a Jew. "Sitting here
in our apartment and enjoying
life, we are the happiest people
in the whole world."
Though not as religious as he
was growing up, Joe Wachtel
has certainly reaffirmed the
faith which was seriously
shaken by the atrocities he
witnessed during the war.
"I attend shul every week
because I like to be with my
Continued on Page 14
Sculpture To Be
Donated To National
Holocaust Museum
It was a little easier one year later for Holocaust survivor
Joe Wachtel to express his feelings about what motivated
him to create his sculpture, "Flame of Freedom:
Remembering the Holocaust." The magnificent work of art
had been included in the first public snowing of his work
which had been on exhibit for the past three months in the
Palm Beach County Governmental Center through the
Palm Beach County Council of the Arts. And when the Na-
tional Holocaust Museum in Washington, DC is completed,
it will hopefully be displayed there "as a tribute to those
who did not survive."
In an effort to deal with those painful memories and
tangibly record his story, Mr. Wachtel has just finished put-
ting his thoughts down on paper. "Forty years have gone
by. We are the last ones (who witnessed the Holocaust).
Some people say that it's not true, that it didn't happen.
How dare they say it didn't happen," Mr. Wachtel said.
Hisi story movingly relates how some of his close family
members miraculously were reunited in the summer of
1943 "at the time the Nazi war criminals were rolling back,
driven by the advancing Red Army." He recalls how his
Aunt Goldie withdrew from reality upon learning the
following day that her husband, who was dying frm typhus,
was thrown into a mass grave at a Nazi camp. "She lost
complete control of her mind," writes Mr. Wachtel. "Every
day she took a candle, seeing other people doing it... lit a
candle, and sat there for hours ... I went with her to that
site of the grave; I heard what happened. I will never
forget that scene, hundreds upon hundreds of candles lit by
wives, children, brothers, sisters, families, and friends."
m?16 8ight of tho8e flames wa etched in his memory.
Never will I forget those flames. That inspired me to
create a stone statue, a memorial, an eternal flame which
will never extinguish, always reminding us of those flames
in that unmarked grave ..."
The sculpture will be on public display once more during
the Community Holocaust Observance, Sunday, April 26,
7:30 pm., at Temple Israel, 1901 N. Flagler Drive, West
Palm Beach.

Friday, April 24, 1987/The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County Page 3
Interfaith Breakfast To
Commemorate Israel Independence Day
Clergy of all denominations,
Jewish community leaders,
school principals and students,
and government officials will
S" in together at an Interfaith
reakfast to celebrate the
39th anniversary of Israel. The
community event to highlight
the solidarity among people of
various faiths will be held on
Friday morning, May 1, 8:30
a.m., at the Hyatt Palm
Beaches, West Palm Beach.
Leonard Hanser, Chairman
of the Local Concerns Task
Force of the Community Rela-
tions Council of the Jewish
Federation of Palm Beach
County, and Chairman of the
Interfaith Breakfast, and
Honorary Chairman Rev.
Thomas Graham, Pastor of
Trinity Temple, have announc-
ed that Rabbi Yechiel Ecks-
tein, President of the Holyland
Fellowship of Christians and
Jews, will be the guest speaker
and entertainer at the event.
In a joint statement, the Co-
Chairmen said, "We are
honored to have Rabbi Ecks-
tein address our annual
breakfast. As President of the
Holyland Fellowship of Chris-
tians and Jews, he is involved
on a daily basis in promoting
interfaith understanding. Ac-
companying himself on the
guitar, he will relate his ex-
periences, beautifully in-
terspersed with the music of
Israel. His presentation will be
a fitting tribute to Israel's
39th anniversary and we invite
all community members to join
with us."
Rabbi Eckstein, a 35 year old
Orthodox rabbi, has devoted
his life to religious bridge-
building. Although he admits
what he is doing is controver-
sial, he hopes to span the
religious and cultural chasm
separating Jews from Chris-
tians especially evangelical
and fundamentalist Christians.
Attempting to engender
understanding and respect
between religions, he founded
his organization in 1983. Prior
to that he worked with the
Anti-Defamation League of
B'nai B'rith.
Besides running the
fellowship, Rabbi Eckstein
General Nativ
To Address Aliyah Council
Israeli General Moshe Nativ,
head of the Zionist Delegation
of North America, will be the
guest speaker at the next
scheduled meeting of the
Aliyah Council of Palm Beach
County on Tuesday, April 28,8
p.m., at the James and Mar-
jorie Baer Jewish Campus, 336
NW Spanish River Blvd., Boca
Raton. He will address the
topic, "Diaspora, Israel Rela-
tions In The 21st Century: The
American Jewish and Israeli
The announcement was
made by Harvey Grossman,
Chairman of the Council, who
urged those interested in
Israel and/or making aliyah
(emigration to Israel for those
who wish to make a new life
for themselves) now or in the
future to take advantage of
learning more about the
Jewish state. "General Nativ,
who made aliyah himself in
1946 at the age of 14, has long
been involved in his country's
development, both in the
military and in private life. He
will bring us the latest infor-
mation coming out of Israel
about that country's relation-
ship with the United States.
We welcome all who are in-
terested in Israel to hear Gen.
Nativ's informed comments,"
stated Mr. Grossman.
Gen. Nativ is Treasurer of
the Jewish Agency of North
America and Chairman of the
Executive Committee of that
organization. After making
aliyah, he enlisted in the
Israeli Army as a private in
1949 and served until 1983
reaching the rank of Major
General. After leaving the
military, he joined Bank Leumi
as senior Director General in
charge of the bank's personnel
until 1986 when he joined the
staff of the Jewish Agency.
The Aliyah Council is com-
prised of representatives of
organizations and community
leaders and individuals who
are concerned with the State
of Israel. Dr. Mark Rattinger,
Chairman of the Israel Task
Continued on Page 6
Jewish Federation of
Palm Beach County
Former Executive Director
Jewish Federation of Palm Beach County
Hyatt Palm Beaches
$5.00 per person
RSVP Ronni Epstein,
Director of Communications,
serves as chief rabbi at Park
Synagogue in Chicago. He is
on the faculty of Northern
Baptist Theological Seminary
and the Chicago Theological
Seminary. He is the author of
What Christiana should Know
about Jews and Judaism. A
former cantor, Rabbi Eckstein
also is an accomplished
guitarist who entertained
Israeli troops during the 1973
war. He has recorded four
albums of Israeli-Hasidic
In addition to the guest
speaker, a candle lighting
ceremony will be conducted by
LaVonne Stiffler, Regional
Director of Bridges For Peace.
The Interfaith Breakfast is
sponsored by the Community
Relations Council of the
Jewish Federation of Palm
Beach County. Cost of the
breakfast is $9 per person and
reservations may be made by
sending a check to the Com-
munity Relations Council,
Jewish Federation of Palm
Beach County, 601 So. Flagler
Drive, Suite 305, West Palm
Beach, FL 33401.
Rabbi Yechiel Eckstein
For more information, con-
tact Rabbi Alan Sherman,
CRC Director, at the Federa-
tion office, 832-2120.
The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County regrets that
the name of Stanley Lunitz was inadvertently left out of
last week's issue listing the members of the Soviet Jewry
Task Force of the Jewish Federation of Palm Beach Coun-
ty who participated in the Passover Matzoh Appeal. Mr.
Lunitz was the first person to send in his contribution and
his box of matzohs went to Alexander Abezgauz of
Jewish Women In The Women's
Movement: A Perspective
Community Activist and Civil Rights Law Specialist
Women's Division
Business & Professional Women's Group
Invlto all women In the community to an
on Wednesday evening, May 6
6:00-9:00 p.m.
Networking 5:30 p.m.
777 South Flagler Drive
West Palm Beach
$25 per person includes
Dinner, Program, and
Valet Parking
R.S.V.P. by April 30
Women's Division
Jewish Federation of
Palm Beach County
office, 832-2120

Page 4 The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach Cbunty/PViday, April 24,1987
'60 Minutes' Puff Piece
"Nonetheless, the fact re-
mains that one and a-half
million Soviets identified as
Jews apparently live more or
less satisfying lives there (in
the Soviet Union) ... And
theirs has been a story largely
Those mind-boggling asser-
tions came not from Moscow's
official Anti-Zionist Commit-
tee, not from a Pravda
editorial reply to Western pro-
tests on behalf of Soviet
Jewry, but from Mike Wallace,
veteran CBS reporter and
regular on "60 Minutes." On
the March 22 show Wallace did
a segment which attempted to
look beyond the headlines
about the 10,000-plus
refuseniks and the 400,000
other Soviet Jews who have
received invitations to
emigrate to Israel.
Instead, he tried to examine
the status of "the other" Jews
of Russia, the anonymous 1.5
million. Wallace began by
noting that in the Soviet Union
Jews are identified on their in-
ternal passports as members
of a nationality, not as
believers in a religion. He then
interviewed Lt. Gen. Mikhail
Milstein, described as a former
Red Army intelligence chief.
Milstein explained that he was
Jewish because his parents
were but added that his wife
was a Russian and their
children were Russians, not
"Because, you see, I don't
know anything about
Jewishness. I don't know."
Undeterred by this unin-
formed source, Wallace
asserted that "Milstein is not
alone. There are hundreds of
thousands like him in the
Soviet Union."
Wallace undertook an excur-
sion to Birobidzhan the
Siberian "Jewish Autonomous
Region." He acknowledged
that Birobidzhan Stalin's
grim answer to Zionist desires
to emigrate to Palestine was
never popular with Jews and
today counts only 12,000 of
them out of a population of
200,000. Nevertheless,
Wallace considered newswor-
thy the fact that "top jobs here
are still held by Jews," and a
local Yiddish daily is edited by
"a powerful anti-Zionist" Jew.
First Things First
Moscow keeps hinting that the gates of emigration for
Soviet Jews are about to be, if not opened wide, at least
unlocked. Officials have told American Jewish leaders that
11,000 Russian Jews will be allowed to leave within the
year and that conditions for those who remain will improve.
The 11,000 figure corresponds to the 10,000 to 12,000
refuseniks who nave sought approval, unsuccessfully, for
visas to emigrate to Israel; some applications go back to the
early 1970's.
Meanwhile, meetings between Soviet and Israeli officials
continue to be held partly to demonstrate Kremlin in-
terest in participating, with the United States, in a Middle
East peace conference. Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir
recently "de-linked" demands for significant increases in
Jewish emigration from the reestablishment of diplomatic
ties before Israel will accept the Soviets as partners in the
Middle East peace process. Now the emphasis is on emigra-
tion as an end in itself. The restoration of diplomatic rela-
tions, Israel contends, is a separate issue something the
Soviets should do in any case. And a Soviet delegation may
visit Israel to discuss consular activities.
Moscow's motives for improvements on Jewish rights,
emigration, and for openly meeting with Israeli officials in-
clude polishing its image with the West in general and the
United States in particular. Obviously, the Soviets want in-
creased American trade and financing and a superpower's
share in Middle East diplomacy.
But first things first. Although monthly emigration
figures have started to creep up, they are still stingy. And
although Soviet diplomats are more gracious to Israeli
counterparts, part of their rhetoric remains harsh. Exit
visas for 11,000 refuseniks would be a welcome develop-
ment. So would reestablishment of consular relations with
Israel. Nevertheless there are 400,000 Soviet Jews who
have taken the first official steps to leave; the rest of their
two million brethern wait to see what Kremlin intentions
really are. While Soviet-Israel discussions raise hopes,
restoration of full diplomatic ties would signal real change.
If Soviet practices improve, there is no doubt that the
West should reciprocate. But not before.
(Near East Report)
Jewish floridian
of Palm Baach County
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Friday, April 24,1987 25 NISAN 5747
Volume 13 Number 17
Wallace did spend con-
siderable time with the
Brailovsky family, refuseniks
who have been trying to
emigrate to Israel for 15 years.
Victor Brailovsky explained
that he wanted "to live in a
Jewish country" with "my
own people ... to be involved
in (the) process of rebirth of
Jewish culture."
Yet, as if he missed all but
one sentence from the
refuseniks, Wallace intoned
that "if it is just Jewish culture
that the Brailovsky family
seeks, they could go to the
Jewish Autonomous
Region ...
That was not all Wallace
missed. In speaking with
Samuel Zivs, Jewish deputy
head of the official Anti-
Zionist Committee, he never
referred to the lawyer's two-
decades service as a Soviet
spokesman on "the Jewish
While Wallace observed that
anti-Semitism has deep roots
in Russian culture, he added
that it is against Soviet law.
He never mentioned that the
law is often violated by the
government itself.
Wallace cited the existence
of 60 synagogues but did not
explain that these could hardly
question." In the early 1970's gjjfa for a Jewish population
before mass emigration took
place, Zivs was travelling to
the West, explaining publicly
that only a few Jewish
malcontents wanted to leave
the country. It was a line
Wallace let Zivs repeat
Terrorist Firebombs
Wreak Havoc
In West Bank
Continued from Page 1
torces failed to protect Jews.
A curfew was imposed on
Kalkilya, liable and another
small village in the area Satur-
day night and remained in ef-
fect until late Sunday after-
noon, April 12, when Ofra
Moses was buried in Petach
Three rows of citrus trees
were uprooted by military
bulldozers that day on the road
where the attack took place.
The official reason given was
to clear away a possible am-
bush site. The citrus grove was
apparently owned by Arabs.
Kalkilya, normally a bustling
market town of 23,000, has
had a long history of peaceful
relations with nearby Jewish
towns and settlements in
Israel and the West Bank. It
attracts thousands of Jewish
shoppers daily and especially
on Saturdays when Jewish
businesses are closed.
Thousands of Arab workers
there find jobs isn adjacent
Jewish population centers.
According to Israeli
authorities, the Arabs of
Kalkilya have a vested interest
in law and order and if there
are anti-Israel sentiments,
they are low key.
The town is governed by
Mayor Abdul Rahman Abu-
Sneineh, who was appointed
by the Israeli civil authorities
and is apparently popular with
the townspeople. There were
no indications that the ter-
rorists who attacked the
Moses' car came from Kalkilya
or had any connection with the
But the Jewish settlers
struck at it nevertheless. Ac-
cording to Mayor Shlomo
Katan of Alphe-Menashe, "the
local residents would not have
had to take the law into their
hands if the security forces
had done their job."
The attack last week was the
latest and the worst of many
Opponents called Maryland
State legislator Thomas Ken-
nedy's 1818 bill abolishing any
religious qualification for
holding state office "the Jew
bill" and an assault upon
Christianity. He lost his seat
soon after, but regained it in
1824, and the bill passed two
years later.
incidents of unrest in the ad-
ministered territories during
the previous week. Recent
rioting and stone throwing by
Arabs in East Jerusalem and
the West Bank was linked to a
hunger strike by some 3,000
Arab security prisoners
demanding better conditions.
Mayor Abu-Sneineh of
Kalkilya told the Jewish
Telegraphic Agency that the
Jewish rioting in his town
would not improve the situa-
tion between Arabs and Jews.
estimated at 2 million
especially if most synagogues
were closed most of the time
and if their government-
designated rabbis were
suspect in the eyes of many
would-be worshippers. He
noted that more than 250,000
Soviet Jews have emigrated in
recent decades without real-
ly explaining why. Nowhere in
the program did he mention
the crackdowns on Jews and
Jewish ritual and study.
Finding that even those
Soviet Jews "who have 'made
it' seem to us tentative, wary"
about their nationality,
Wallace did not grasp that this
might well be the result of
decades of official oppression
and powerful social discrimina-
tion. So, having seen a
Potemkin village, he reported
an equally two-dimensional
If the process sounds
familiar, it should. Three years
ago Wallace filed an analogous
whitewash of Syria (NER,
Feb. 10, 1984).
Mike, back to you.
(Near East Report)
Analyst Says
Lavi Will Fly
Recent Israeli press reports have said that a decision on
whether or not to produce the Lavi fighter-bomber will not
be made until after Defense Minister Yitzhak Rabin com-
pletes a May trip to the United States. Israeli Army and
Navy officers have expressed concern that the Lavi
designed to be the "state-of-the-art" close-air ground-
support craft for the 1990*s and beyond will take funds
from important projects such as replacing Israel's aging
3-submarine fleet and upgrading the armor corps.
But a noted Israeli military analyst believes "the Lavi
will go ahead." Speaking on background to a group of jour-
nalists in Washington recently, the analyst praised the air-
craft on technical grounds and referring to the large role
played by U.S. subcontractors and potential technological
benefits to the United States as an example of what
U.S.-Israeli strategic cooperation could be.
"Israel doesn't have a problem with the Arabs in the air,
but on the ground," he noted. In the 1973 Yom Kippur War
the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) lost more than 20 percent
of its aircraft, not to enemy planes but to ground-to-air
Since Israel maintains only a small standing army, it
needs an aircraft to support its ground forces against
larger Arab armies until Israeli reserves can be mobilized.
The plane must "be able to hit that bridge, hit that head-
quarters over the (anti-aircraft) missiles." The Lavi, the ex-
pert believes, is that plane.
He said that from the F-4 Phantoms of the 1960's U.S.
warplanes have been "air superiority" craft. One of the
latest, the F-16C, "is not bad, but is not an air-to-ground
plane." The Lavi, however, 40 percent lighter than the
Phantom but able to carry the same weapons load and
with a "radar profile which is highly classified" is made
to order for the conditions the IDF is likely to face.
More than two dozen test flights have demonstrated that
the Lavi now is a plane, not a concept, he argued. And its
Putting the same equipment into
the F-16 an alternative suggested by some would im-
prove the U.S. plane's capabilities but would not yield an
integrated ground-support fighter-bomber comparable to
the Lavi, he asserted. ^V
Not going ahead with the plane will not necessarily free
the $450 million ($350 in U.S. aid) Israel has committed an-
nually to the Project for other high-cost procurement pro-
jects, the analyst said. Instead, the funds likely would be
spent by the monetarily-squeezed IDF on operational
needs, resulting in "no Lavi, no nothing."
(Near East Report)

Radio/TV/ Film
?MOSAIC Sunday, April 26,9 a.m. WPTV Channel
5 with host Barbara Gordon Green. Jewish Family and
Children's Service.
LfclfAYIM Sunday, April 26, 7:30 a.m. WPBR
1340 AM with host Rabbi Mark S. Golub The Jewish
Listener's Digest, a radio magazine.
SHALOM Sunday, April 26, 6 a.m. WPEC Channel
12 (8:30 a.m. WFLX TV 29) with host Richard Peritz.
ISRAELI PRESS REVIEW Thursday, April 30, 1:15
p.m. WLIZ 1340 AM A summary of news and com-
mentary on contemporary issues.
PERSPECTIVES IN FAITH Sunday, April 26, 9:30
a.m. WPEC Channel 12 The Holocaust will be
featured with guests Ed Lefkowitz, President of the
Holocaust Survivors of the Palm Beaches; Barbara
Steinberg, Director of the Jewish Community Day School;
and Rev. William Compton, WAGG Memorial UN
Methodist Church.
SHOAH Monday, April 27, 28,29,30, 8 p.m. WPBT
Channel 2 and WXEL Channel 42 WXEL will repeat
each segment at 1 p.m. the following day This four-part
documentary of the Holocaust by Claude Lanzmann has
been heralded as a "masterpiece.
GENOCIDE Friday, April 24, 2 p.m. WXEL Chan-
nel 42 The story of the millions of men, women, and
children who fell victim to Hitler's "Final Solution" is nar-
rated by the late Orson Welles and Elizabeth Taylor.
*Sponsored by the Jewish Federation of Palm Beach
Community Calendar
April 24
Free Sons of Israel 12:30 p.m.
April 25
Jewish Federation Leadership Development Program
7:30 p.m. Women's American ORT Mid Palm Pompano
Race Track
April 26
Yom Hashoah (Holocaust Memorial Day) Jewish
Federation Holocaust Observance at Temple Israel -
7:30 p.m. Jewish Federation Young Adult Division
Campaign Event 5 p.m.
April 27
Temple B'nai Jacob Sisterhood -1 p.m. Jewish Communi-
ty Center Spring Program Session Begins Brandeis
University Women Palm Beach West -12:30 p.m. B'nai
B'rith Women Boynton Beach board 10 a.m. Jewish
Family and Children's Service board 7:30 p.m. Jewish
Community Day School executive committee 7:45 p.m.
Women's American ORT Mid Palm 1 p.m.
April 28
Jewish Federation Leadership Development Commit-
tee 8 p.m. Yiddish Culture Group Century Village -10
a.m. Hadassah Lee Vassil Women's American ORT -
Lakes of Poinciana board 12:30 p.m. Temple Beth
Torah Men's Club 8 p.m. Na'Amat USA board -10
a.m. Jewish Federation Budget Review Meeting 4
p.m. Jewish Federation Jewish Education Meeting -
8 p.m.
April 29
Morse Geriatric Center board of trustees 4 p.m. Yid-
dish Culture Group Cresthaven -1 p.m. National Council
of Jewish Women Palm Beach installation luncheon at
April 30
Hadassah Henrietta Szold luncheon/cards noon
Hadassah Bat Gurion 9:30 a.m. Na'Amat USA Coun-
cil Program workshop Jewish Community Day School -
Tour of the Land of Israel 7 p.m. Jewish Federation -
Board of Directors Meeting 4 p.m.
For more information, call Jewish Federation office
Kohl: Holocaust Should
Not Be Dismissed
Continued from Page 1
rorists' know no boundaries
nor do they respect sovereign-
ty. Israel will not compromise
with terrorists and will hit at
the sources of international
terrorism, of which the
Palestine Liberation Organiza-
tion is a major element.'
Herzog and Kohl met
Friday; April 24Vfc98WThe Jewish Floridiaii of Palm Beach County Pay 6
Academy Award-Wmiiiiig
'Genocide' To Air April 24
The Simon Wiesenthal
Center's Academy Award-
winning documentary
"Genocide" will be shown for
the first time on 145 PBS -
TV stations throughout the
United States, during 1987.
The film, narrated by
Elizabeth Taylor and the late
Orson Welles, can be seen
locally on WXEL West
Palm Beach, on April 24 at 2
"Genocide" is the story of
the millions of men, women
and children who fell victim to
Hitler's "Final Solution." The
dramatic narration of the late
Orson Welles, accompanied by
original historical footage,
chronicles the rise of anti-
Semitism and Nazi Germany.
Elizabeth Taylor's narrative of
the true stories of individual
suffering and heroism, accom-
panied by innovative and im-
aginative graphics, brings the
viewer close to the personal
tragedies in a way never
before depicted. The film is in-
troduced by legendary Nazi
hunter Simon Wiesenthal, and
privately before the luncheon.
Their meeting was described
by both Israeli and German
sources as "very construc-
tive," though differences re-
main on the peace issue and
on possible West German arms
sales to Arab countries still
technically in a state of war
with Israel.
From the film
Genocide," a montage of some of the
the powerful musical score is
written by Elmer Bernstein
and performed under his direc-
tion by the Royal Philharmonic
"Genocide" has been called,
"dramatic," "compelling" and
"unforgettable...,' an
"unabashed assault on the
emotions." It was produced by
the Simon Wiesenthal Center
in dedication to the victims of
the Holocaust, and in the
hopes that through viewing
"Genocide," millions of people
throughout the world,
especially young people, will
learn the important message
that never again must a
Holocaust be allowed to occur.
The Simon Wiesenthal
Center has also made available
educational guides to compli-
ment the film and to assist in
teaching the lessons of the
Holocaust and its contem-
porary implications.
Amnesty's Israel Problem
(Twersky writes widely on
Israel-related topics).
(First of three articles)
Amnesty International (AI)
Secretary General Ian Mar-
tin's January visit to Israel
predictably triggered another
round of charges of human
rights violations and counter-
charges of political bias.
On the face of it, Israel is an
unlikely target for Amnesty's
attention. The Jewish state
has always prided itself on its
human rights record, its
democratic character and in-
herited liberal traditions of
Justus Weiner, an Israeli
Justice Ministry official who
devotes much of his time to
responding to AI letters told
Near East Report that
"human rights is a subject in-
tertwined so thoroughly with
Jewish history and the Jewish
experience that a Jewish state
would not be fair to itself if it
did not take (Amnesty's) in-
quiries seriously."
A disproportionate amount
of Amnesty's fire has been
directed at Israeli treatment of
West Bank Palestinians. But
examination of the issues
?uiets the doubts about
srael's record. It does raise
disquieting questions,
however, about both AI's
methods and its message.
Essentially, Israel is a victim
of the flaws in Amnesty's
world view, which makes little
distinction between
democratic and dictatorial
regimes. In AI's view, the
political world is composed of
human rights-abusing states
and lonely-but-courageous
dissidents whose rights are
There are several major pro-
blems with this, all of which
work to Israel's disadvantage.
Few, if any, allowances are
made for the differences bet-
ween democratic states which
respect legal norms and in
which abuses may be and
frequentlv are checked, and
dictatorial states which rest on
a foundation of abuse.
AI's published material,
which often triggers
thousands of protest letten
from all over the world, draws
an unfair share of attention to
democratic and liberal states
because of the greater ease
with which information can be
collected. Finally, given its
anti-state bias, AI pays little or
no attention to guerrilla and
terrorist activities.
does not say against Israel is
that its charges are ignored. A
special unit within the Israeli
Justice Ministry spends most
of its time answering letters
from thousands of AI
members and branches around
the world who have "adopted"
Palestinian Arabs under house
arrest or in Israeli prisons.
Weiner says that "Israel is
probably the only country in
the world which comprehen-
sively and as a matter of prac-
About the only thing that AI Continued on Page 9
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Page 6 The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County/Friday, April 24, 1987
The Betrayal
Why did the world stand mute to a cry for help?
On April 26, 1943,
Mordechai Anielewicz, com-
mander of the Warsaw Ghetto
Uprising, wrote his last letter
to the outside world:
"For a week we have been
involved in a life-and-death
struggle. The Warsaw Ghetto,
the last of all the ghettos, was
suddenly surrounded on the
night of April 19 by the
regular German Army which
has begun the liquidation of
the remaining Jews. In the
first two days the Germans,
after suffering great losses,
were forced to beat a retreat.
Later, after receiving rein-
forcements of tanks, armored
cars, guns and finally aircraft,
they began a regular siege of
the ghetto and a systematic
burning of all the houses. Our
losses are enormous, taking in-
to account the number of vic-
tims of shooting and of the
fires in which men, women and
children perished. Our end is
imminent. But while we are in
possession of arms we shall
continue to resist.
"We have rejected a German
ultimatum to surrender
because the enemy knows no
pity and we have no choice.
"As we feel our last days ap-
proaching, we ask you to
remember how you have
betrayed us. The day will come
for us to be avenged for the
shedding of our innocent
blood. Help those who at the
last moment will slip through
the enemy hands to carry on
the struggle."
For years and years I have
been haunted by this letter
which symbolizes to me the
ultimate loneliness and the
astonishing lucidity of the
Jewish ghetto fighters.
Analyze it and you will unders-
tand why.
They were alone and they
knew it. All other
underground organizations
received support and direction
from their headquarters in
London, Moscow and
Washington; not the Jews. All
clandestine resistance
movements operated in
German-occupied areas where
they could find shelter and pro-
tection among the local in-
habitants; not the Jews. And
yet, they fought.
With neither training nor
weapons, they fought with
remarkable bravery inflicting
severe losses on what were
then the mightiest legions on
the European continent. The
ghetto resisted longer than
Poland, longer than France.
Five weeks into the insurrec-
tion, they were still fighting.
Whom? "The regular German
Army." Not only the SS
batallions and the Gestapo
units but the Wehrmacht
itself. Officers and soldiers of
the Wehrmacht were thus
engaged in fighting and killing
Jews, the liquidation of the
ghetto was their doing.
Where did Anielewicz and
his comrades find the courage
and the experience to openly
take on the combined armed
forces of Hitler's Third Reich?
They were young, so young:
most of them, teenagers. What
gave them the strength to
seize Jewish history and carry
it forward? Were they naive
enough, innocent enough to
think that their combat would
bear tangible, positive results,
that the killers would stop kill-
ing, that the outside world
would pay attention and
Some contemporaries in-
cluding Dr. Emanuel
Ringelblum, the renowned ar-
chivist and chronicler of
Jewish suffering in Poland
have wondered: "did they wait
so long? Why didn't they
decide to resist right away, in
the beginning, when the ghet-
to numbered 500,000 Jews,
and not merely 30,000 hungry,
hunted-down, emaciated vic-
tims of fear and persecution?"
Perhaps these questions are
valid. Mine are of a different
nature: "How is one to explain
that they managed to fight at
The first five pistols were
smuggled inside the ghetto
sometime in September, 1942,
according to "Antek's"
posthumously published
memoirs. The first armed
clash with the Germans occur-
red four months later,
culminating in the full-scale
revolt in April. Hence the
?uestior>: How did the ghetto
ighters succeed, in such a
short time, to grow and
become a full-fledged
clandestine army with its units
and commanders, supply of-
ficers and liaison agents?
Naturally, their deep
motivation served as an impor-
tant factor. "To die with digni-
ty" was their obsession "not
like sheep led to slaughter."
To show the world that Jewish
resignation has given way to
Jewish resistance, and thus
"save Jewish honor."
Except that the world refus-
ed to listen. News about the
armed struggle had reached
Allied capitals but the events
received poor coverage, and
had no follow-up. Only one
mass demonstration took place
in New York to commemorate
the heroes of the Warsaw
Ghetto and its victims. People
simply did not care.
They did not even care in
Warsaw itself. Eyewitnesses
and chroniclers tell of Polish
couples who gathered around
the burning ghetto watching
its valiant sons and daughters
jump from windows into the
flames. Why hasn't the Polish
underground extended more
help? Why haven't the Allies
responded to the desperate ap-
peals from the Jewish in-
surgents? Only one message of
moral encouragement was
sent to the ghetto.
Life as usual
In the meantime life went on
as usual. Jewish worshipers
crowded into synagogues
celebrating Passover.
Students of mine checked com-
munity bulletins of the time:
How many rabbis devoted
their sermons to what was
happening in Warsaw? How
many political leaders made
their protests known? Jews
were fighting and dying and,
to the outside world, it meant
No wonder that Mordechai
Anielewicz, in his last letter,
used the word: "betrayal."
How did he put it? "You have
betrayed us. Yes, he and his
comrades were betrayed, as
were all the Jews in occupied
Europe. Everybody was too
busy with other things, with
what they considered to be
Holocaust Survivor, Now A Psychologist,
Helps Israelis Cope With Loved Ones' Death
UJA Press Service
TEL AVIV A spare,
graceful man with arresting
blue eyes and a gentle reserve,
Patya Dagan, 61, is a healer of
minds on intimate terms with
trauma, loss and death. As a
psychologist with the Kibbutz
Movement Guidance Center
based in Tel Aviv, Dr. Dagan
counsels patients with a wide
range of problems, but it is in
dealing with death, and par-
ticularly the death of loved
ones as a result of war, that his
help is most consistently
"My colleagues tell me that
because of the number tat-
tooed on my arm I can make
contact with patients," he said
in a recent interview.
"Perhaps that is so. They see
that I smile, that I can talk
about mundane things and
they are reassured that it's
possible to adjust.
Recently Dr. Dagan treated
a couple, both Holocaust sur-
vivors, who lost a son in Opera-
tion Peace for Galilee in
Lebanon. "Treat isn't really
the proper word," he
reflected. "How can anyone
treat them? I become a sort of
partner. I tell them that one
doesn't ever overcome this
kind of loss, one only learns to
live with it.
"My life is different from
others. I live closer to death,
with a greater awareness of its
irreversibility. Sometimes get-
ting up and out in the morning
is a gigantic effort. But it's
"In Israel we are tremen-
dously influenced by wars," he
added. "We are probably the
only country where so many
mothers and fathers bury their
sons. It is a total reverse of the
norm, and it affects our entire
society. We are always aware
that we raise sons who will be
soldiers. The fathers, too,
serve in the reserves well into
middle age. Consequently,
there are many fears that are
Dr. Dagan himself learned to
deal with fear early in life.
Reared in Prague,
Czechoslovakia, he lost both
his parents before World War
II, while a teenager. His older
brother and sister managed to
leave the country just before
the Nazi invasion but were
unable to get him out. Alone,
he joined a commune of Zionist
teenagers and young adults
without families and later lived
on an agricultural training
farm of young Zionists prepar-
ing to go to Palestine.
In 1941, at 19, the entire
group was rounded up and
sent to Theresienstadt, the
grotesque showcase of Ger-
man "humaneness" toward
Jews where a charade of nor-
malcy was enacted for the
benefit of Red Cross delega-
tions and Nazi propaganda
films. In fact, the inmates
were systematically starved or
transported to death camps.
Of the 15,000 Jewish children
who passed through there, on-
ly 150 survived.
Dr. Dagan survived three
years at Theresienstadt. In
1944 he was taken to
Auschwitz, and in January
1945, as the Russians closed
in, he was one of 4,000 inmates
sent on a forced march. After
three days and nights of walk-
ing in the snow, 3,000 were
machine-gunned to death and
most others were wounded.
"Three of us spotted a small
shack and ran for it," he
recalls. "We lav down under
some beds. After the mass
shooting, the Nazis began to
check the area for survivors. I
saw boots entering the hut,
and in a moment, the boots
left. He didn't bother to look
under the beds. That's why I'm
sitting here today."
After the war Dr. Dagan
returned to Prague, where he
enrolled in a theater school
and studied psychology. He ar*
rived in Israel in 1949 one of
thousands of Czech survivors
in a rescue operation
organized by the American
Jewish Joint Distribution
Committee and the Jewish
Agency for Israel, the major
beneficiaries of the annual
United Jewish Appeal/com-
munity campaign.
In Israel he lived in Kibbutz
Givat Hayim, and worked as
an actor, director and writer
with Tel Aviv's Cameri
Theater. Later he studied at
New York University. Today
Dr. Dagan continues to write
plays, including a highly
popular television series
dramatizing everyday family
His Holocaust experience
was many years ago but it is as
close to him as the numbers
tattooed on his arm. Yet he,
his wife who also survived the
Holocaust, and their son, 16,
are optimistic and future-
"Now I live for happy
4hings, he says, "even if I
spend a great deal of energy
doing so.
"For a survivor, living in
Israel is a positive thing, he
adds. "We have taken respon-
sibility for our lives in every
way, because this is our own
country, for better and for
worse. I think that those who
chose to go elsewhere may
have hampered their
rehabilitation. They are still
struggling with the dilemma of
'us' and 'them.' Here we are
integral in the demography.
We are all 'us.' "
Elie Wiesel
more urgent priorities.
Hence the despair of the
Bundist leader Shmuel
Zygelboym who, on May 12,
1943, chose to take his life. In
his farewell letter, he said:
"... I cannot be silent. I
cannot live while the remnants
of Polish Jewry, of whom I am
a representative, are
perishing. My friends in the
Warsaw Ghetto died with
weapons in their hands in the
last heroic battle. It was not
my destiny to die together
with them but I belong to them
and in their mass graves ...
By my death I wish to make
my final protest against the
passivity with which the world
is looking on and permitting
the extermination of the
Jewish people."
Poor Zygelboym. His protest
was hardly noticed. The
massacres continued and the
free world continued not to
care. More ghettos were li-
quidated. More communities
gathered to die in Treblinka
and Belzec, Sobibor and
Auschwitz, and more Jews
rose in arms to "teach the
world a lesson in courage and
humanity," but their impact
was weak; their lives and their
death weighed little in the
scale of history. The fact re-
mains that, with the Allied ar-
mies marching into Poland and
Germany, not one single
military commander made one
single change in his plans to
liberate one death camp one
day earlier ... Why not? I
wish I knew the answer.
But then, at times I am
afraid. Afraid of the answer.
Reprinted from the Jewish
Week and The American
Aliyah Council
Continued from Page 3
Force of the Community Rela-
tions Council of the Jewish
Federation of Palm Beach
County, encourages those in-
terested to attend this meeting
which is attempting to in-
crease participation in this
area. "As strong supporters of
Israel, our task force endorses
the work of the Aliyah Council.
We hope that many of our
community members will take
this opportunity to learn more
about Israel and perhaps get
involved with the Council," he
The Aliyah Council promotes
and develops community
awareness and understanding
of the concept of aliyah,
establishes and maintains
linkages among community
groups and organizations con-
cerned with aliyah, and pro-
vides ongoing assistance to the
Israel Aliyah Center, and
shlichim (Israel emissaries). It
also provides encouragement
and support to individuals
from the area who are plann-
ing to emigrate to Israel.
For more information, con-
tact Harvey Grossman, Aliyah
Council of Palm Beach County,
at 764-6688.


Friday, April 24, 1987/The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County Page 7
Left to right: Max and Joan Tochner, Leah and Phil Siskin.
Left to right: Arthur and Lorraine Virshup, Eileen and Myron Nickman. Dr.
Virshup is the President of the JCDS. The Nickmans served aa Honorary
Chairmen for the evening.
Heinz Eppler, Alan Shulman, Helen Hoffman, David Eppler, Ruthe Eppler,
Elizabeth Shulman.

Shirlee and Erwin Blonder, Marva Perrin. Mr. Blonder is the President of
the Jewish Federation of Palm Beach County. Mrs. Perrin is the Vice Presi-
dent of the JCDS.
Scholarship Fund Dinner
Dance Held For JCDS
The Jewish Community Day School
held its First Annual Dinner Dance in
support of their Scholarship Fund on
Saturday, April 4, at the Hyatt. One
hundred fifty people attended. Couples
who "Sponsored a Child" with a girt of
$2,600 or more to the school's Scholar-
ship Fund were the honored guests of Krischer.
to provide scholarship assistance, were
announced. They are the Sally and Irv-
ing Salins Endowment Fund and the
Martha and Max L. Feinberg Scholar-
ship Fund.
The evening was co-chaired by Sandra
and Marvin Rosen and Eva and Barry
Honorary Chairmen
Barrv and Eva Krischer, Sandra and Marvin Rosen. The Krischers and the the evening. In addition, two new en- EUeen ^ Myron Nickman.
RwSwTere Co-chairmen for the evening. dowment funds which were established
Unger, Mills To Address Church/State Forum
Continued frost Page 1
our Constitutional rights, we
will be able to make more in-
formed decisions and, hopeful-
ly, take action to uphold our
beliefs. Mr. Unger and Mr.
Mills are experts in their fields
and will bring us up-to-date on
these issues. We urge the com-
munity not to miss this oppor-
tunity to hear two such
outstanding speakers."
Barry Unger of Merion, Pen-
nsylvania is serving his second
term as President of the
Jewish Community Relations
Council of Greater
Philadelphia. He is Secretary
and a member of the Ex-
ecutive Committee of
NJCRAC, and chairs their
Commission on Church/State
Separation and Interreligious
Relations. Mr. Unger, an at-
torney, serves on the National
Executive Committee and the
National Commission on Law
and Social Action of the
American Jewish Congress
and is Vice President of the
AJCongress of Greater
Mr. Unger currently serves
as Chairman of the Memorial
Committee for the Six Million
Jewish Martyrs. A member of
the Philadelphia Coordination
Council on the Holocaust, he is
a former Chairman of the
JCRC Legal
Palm Beach County
Superintendent of Schools
since 1978, Tom Mills began
his career as a teacher in Palm
Beach County in 1962. Subse-
quently he served as a dean,
assistant principal, principal,
and assistant area superinten-
dent, all in local Palm Beach
County Schools.
In the community, he has
served as Chairman of the
United Way Campaign and on
the Board of Directors of the
Children Services Council and
Palm Beach County Urban
League to name just a few of
the many civic organizations
with which he is affiliated. He
has received numerous awards
throughout the years including
the Brotherhood Award from
the Brotherhood Committee of
the Palm Beaches and
In addition to being spon-
sored by the CRC, co-
convenors of the Church/State
Forum are Flagler Evening
Section, National Council of
JewishWomen and the Anti-
Defamation League.
For more information, con-
tact Rabbi Alan Sherman,
CRC Director, at the Federa-
tion office, 832-2120.

Page 8 The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County/Friday, April 24,19&7
Senior News
The Comprehensive Senior Center, through a Federal
Grant Title III of the Older Americans Act, funded by
Gulfstream Area Agency on Aging, provides a variety of ser-
vices to persons 60 years or older, along with interesting and
entertaining educational and recreational programs. All
senior activities are conducted in compliance with Title VI of
the Civil Rights Act.
The Kosher lunch program
of the Jewish Community
Center is designed to keep per-
sons healthy physically and
mentally. Participants enjoy
delicious, nutritious foods that
are a result of carefully plann-
ed menus by our registered
Dietician along with varied
programs. Volunteers and
staff are helpful and gracious.
Diners enjoy meeting and
eating together each day.
There is no fee, but contribu-
tions are requested. Reserva-
tions must be made, so please
call either Carol or Lillian at
Tuesday, April 28
Wednesday, April 29 Ex-
ercise (Chair) and Health
Educ. with Shirley Sheriff
Thursday, April 30 Enter-
tainers Dora Rosenbaum,
Fanny Uskow and Ethel Mos
Friday, May 1 Melodears
Choral Group (Hebrew and
English Songs)
Kosher Home Delivered
Meals Homebound persons
60 years or older who require a
kosher meal delivered to their
home are eligible. Each meal
consists of one-third of the re-
quired daily nutrition for
Persons who need meals for
a short period of time, until
their health returns, should
call the JCC at 689-7703 for in-
formation. There are no set
fees for meals in this program
but we ask each one to make
weekly contributions.
Transportation is available
in our designated area for per-
sons sixty years of age or over
who do not use public
transportation who must go to
treatment centers, doctor s of-
fices, hospitals and nursing
homes to visit spouses, social
service agencies and nutrition
centers. We service the han-
dicapped in our special lift
vehicle. There is no fee for this
service but participants are en-
couraged to contribute their
fair share. Reservations must
be made at least 48 hours in
advance. For more informa-
tion and/or reservations,
please call 689-7703 and ask
for Helen or Norma in the
Transportation Department,
between 9 a.m. and 4:30 p.m.,
Monday through Friday.
Transportation to the JCC
Kosher Meal Program is
available for people in
Cresthaven, Lakeside Village,
Southwest Palm Beach and
Lake Worth area and Boyn-
ton. Call 471-9558 for
transportation and 689-7703
for a reservation for a Hot
Kosher Lunch.
The School Board of Palm
Beach County Adult and
Community Education
Classes: The School Board
provides Instructors at the
Jewish Community Center.
Weight Control. Mondays
at 1:45 p.m.
Exercise and Health
Education. Wednesdays at 11
Speak Out. Wednesdays at
1:15 p.m.
Palm Beach Junior College
of Continuing Education
North Campus: Provides In-
structors at the Jewish Com-
munity Center.
Improve Your Memory.
Fridays at 2 p.m.
Intermediate Bridge Series.
Wednesdays at 1:30 p.m.
Speakers Club. Thursdays
at 10 a.m.
Home Financial Manage-
ment. First and Third
Wednesdays every month at
1:30 p.m. By appointment.
Health Insurance. Third
Thursday of each month. Call
for appointment or
Timely Topics. Mondays at
2 p.m. Any member who
wishes to attend luncheon
before the meeting (at 1:15
p.m.) may do so by signing up
the week before or calling
Ruth at 689-7703 for
A-AAbot Answerfone offers:
"person to person service"
24 hours a day
JCC Decade Of Service
In Congressional Record
A-AAbot Answerfone (305)586-7400
213 N. Dixie Highway Lake Worth, FL 33460
Editor's Note: On March 12
Senator Lawton Chiles an-
nounced to Congress that the
Jewish Community Center
Comprehensive Service Center
of West Palm Beach, Fla. was
celebrating a Decade of
Distinguished Service to
Seniors. Following is a copy of
the Congressional Record of
March 12 of the 100th Congress,
Washington, D.C.
Mr. CHILES. Mr. Presi-
dent, I would like to bring to
the attention of my colleagues
a significant anniversary
celebration in the State of
Florida. The Jewish Communi-
ty Center, comprehensive
senior service center of West
Palm Beach, FL is today
celebrating a decade of
distinguished service to the
seniors of Palm Beach County.
The Jewish Community
Center comprehensive senior
service center was formed in
February 1977, as a result of a
Federal grant awarded to the
Jewish Community Center to
provide transportation for
transit-disadvantaged persons
60 years or older. The many
requirements of the increasing
older population demanded the
development of a variety of
services and activities and the
Jewish Community Center
responded to this need. The
center has come a long way
since the first $35,000
transportation grant in 1977.
This service became and still is
the lifeline to persons 60 years
and older.
Two years later the center
was awarded another grant by
the Department of Transpor-
tation providing two more
vehicles which enabled an ex-
pansion of services. As the
years went on, more moneys
were awarded to the center
and fine recreation and educa-
tion programs were developed,
making the center a place for
stimulation, enrichment, and
good fellowship. In 1983, a
long-time request for funds to
develop a kosher meal pro-
gram was finally granted and
the Jewish Community Center
established the first kosher
nutrition program in Palm
Beach County, both in a group
setting and to homebound per-
sons. This year the Jewish
Community Center's grant,
under the Older Americans
Act will enable them to pro-
vide six different services.
They now have expanded ser-
vice provision to two sites, the
original in West Palm Beach,
and another in Delray Beach.
Over the past 10 years, the
center has provided 228,860
transportation trips to persons
who had to go to doctors, to
treatment centers, to
hospitals, and nursing homes
to visit spouses; they have pro-
vided 100.740 hours of general
education and 52,741 hours of
recreation to persons who at-
tend the many classes such as
writers workshop, yoga, time-
ly topics discussion group,
rikers club, exercises in the
r, you and your health, sex
after 60. Second Tuesday
Club, holiday celebrations,
cooking for one, and many,
many more. The Kosher meals
program is only four years old,
but in that time it has served
117,266 meals in the center's
dining room, sent 91,363 meals
home to shut-ins, and offered
8,956 hours of nutrition
All these grants have provid-
ed the "bare" essentials need-
ed to develop these various
services and the center has
called upon numerous com-
munity resources to help offer
the best for older adults. The
center has collaborated with
various agencies and profes-
sionals who provided their ex-
pertise and time to enhance
the program. Hundreds of
volunteers have spent
thousands of hours at the
Jewish Community Center
these past 10 years serving in
many capacities to augment
the very small staff.
Besides offering a variety of
everyday life sustaining ser-
vices, the senior center has
become a warm, friep'dlg place
to be with people, to attend a
class or lecture, to enjoy a
good kosher meal, or even
more important to meet a new
friend. The center is known for
its concern for older adults and
the staff can be proud that
they have been able to develop
a program that has enhanced
the lives of all those whom
they have touched.
In this year when we take up
the reauthorization of the
Older Americans Act, I can't
think of a better example of
Federal, State, and communi-
ty interaction toward reaching
the goals set out in that legisla-
tion. I know that all of my col-
leagues join me in expressing a
hearty "well done" to this fine
center on the occasion of their
10th anniversary.
Four couples will be
presented Israel's Freedom
Award by the State of Israel
at a gala Lucheon being held
at the Pelican Club on Sun-
day, May 17 at 1 p.m. This
event, a first for the Treasure
Coast, is being planned in
conjunction with Israel's In-
dependence Day and 39th An-
niversary. In Vero Beach,
Temple Beth Sholom will be
honoring Carol and Paul
Kanarek. In Fort Pierce,
Temple Beth El will honor
Dorina and Sidney Tanner,
Beatrice and Sidney Motel
will be honored by Congrega-
tion Beth Israel of Port St.
Lucie and Sally and Nathan
Putchat will be honored by
Congregation Beth Abraham
of Stuart. Special guest
speaker will be Robert Mayer
Evans, veteran newsman, TV
and film producer, Mr. Evans
has lived and worked in
several dozen countries
spread across five con-
tinents. He is a former CBS
News Foreign Correspon-
dent and CBS News Bureau
Chief in Moscow. For more
information, call the Israel
Bonds Office in West Palm
Beach, 686-8611.
JCC News
On Wednesday, April 29, 6:30 p.m., meet at the Center
(700 Spencer Dr.) to plan upcoming events. Join us and
share your ideas with us. After the meeting the group will
go out for a bite together.
Get together Tuesday, April 28 from 5-7 p.m. for Happy
Hour at the 391st Bomb Sqdn. (Southern Blvd. and hark
Rd.) Donation: $1 plus own fare.
Meet Monday, April 27, 7 p.m., for dinner at Ciao's
located on U.S. 1, no., of Southern. Join us for this Nor-
thern Italian dining experience. RSVP by Friday, April 24.
Meet at a members home on Saturday, April 25 at 8:30
p.m. for an evening of wine, cheese, interesting conversa-
tion and fun. JCC members $3, non-members $4.
Discussion Group
Gather at the Center Wednesday, April 29,7:30 p.m., for
an interesting and informative discussion entitled "How
Do I Feel About It?". The group will be led by Harreen Ber-
tisch, M.S. in Clinical Psychology, Assistant Executive
Director of the JCC. Coffee and cake will round out the
evening. Donation: JCC members $1, non-members $2.
To Plan Coming Events
On Monday, April 27, 7:30 p.m. meet at the Center to
plan upcoming activities. Bring ideas and creativity and
join us input is welcome. -^,
Meet at the Center Thursday, April 30, 2 p.m., for a
special afternoon of entertainment featuring Shoshana. Br-
ing your friends all are welcome. Donation: JCC
members $1, non-members $1.25.
For more information, call the JCC at 689-7700.

rad^ Aprfl 24, 19ff7^^ Page 9
Background Report
South Africa Reacts To Israel Decision To Curtail Relations
Israel's decision last month
to curtail its relations with
South Africa, including a halt
to new military contracts, was
greeted more in sorrow than
anger here. Strong resent-
ment was expressed against
the United States which Presi-
dent P.W. Botha accused of
"bullying" Israel into reducing
ties with South Africa.
Editorial comment was
generally along those lines.
Understanding was expressed
for Israel's dependence on the
United States for economic
and military aid and even sym-
pathy for its being in such an
equivocal position.
Anti-Semitic backlash, most
of it from anonymous
quarters, was reported in the
daily press. The South African
Jewish Board of Deputies
issued a careful statement,
noting that Israel "takes deci-
sions having regard to the
necessity to protect its own
sovereign national interests
... In this regard it is noted
that Israel has been subjected
to significant pressures from
the United States."
The statement went on to
reaffirm the Board of
Deputies' opposition to "sanc-
tions and disinvestment on the
ground that it undermines the
ability to create conditions in
which steps can be taken
toward the achievement of an
apartheid free and just
Hany Schwarz, a Jewish
member of Parliament for the
opposition Progressive
Federal Party (PFP) sent
telegrams to Premier Yitzhak
Shamir and Foreign Minister
Shimon Peres of Israel stating
that he could understand the
pressures being brought to
bear, but that as a country
itself subject to sanctions and
boycotts it should appreciate
that such measures were often
Another Jewish parliamen-
tarian of the PFP, Helen Suz-
man, an outspoken foe of apar-
theid, told a Jewish women's
meeting here reported in
the press that Israel had to
make up its own mind in its
own interest. "It is unlikely
the position of Jews in South
Africa would affect the mind
of the Israeli government" in
this matter, she said.
The newspaper, The Star,
commented on March 20, two
days after the Israeli decision
was announced, that "the
news that Israel is being coerc-
ed into the 'enemy' camp will
be greeted more in sorrow
than anger in South Africa
where the realities of strong-
arm international politics have
been well understood of late."
The paper cited Israel's need
to win back friends in black
Africa and for support at the
United Nations on Palestinian
issues. "Even the stoutest
friends have felt compelled to
condemn apartheid. When the
chips are down they are being
asked to stand up and be
counted or suffer the conse-
quences," The Star said.
Die Vaderland of the same
date stated editorially, "We
notice with disappointment
but also with understanding
that Israel had to succumb to
American pressure and side
with the sanctions campaign
... There is also understan-
ding that Jerusalem didn't
want to sour its relationship
with Washington any more
after the Pollard spy
The Sunday Times observed
that "The plight of Israel is not
enviable. Unlike South Africa
it is not a repository of vast
mineral wealth: it is a poor
country which relies heavily on
the wit of its people, the quali-
ty of its industry and the
generosity of its benefactors
primarily the United States. A
decision to support sanctions
was thus inevitable."
The effects of Israel's deci-
sion on the South African
Jewish community was ex-
amined by Patrick Laurence
writing in the Weekly Mail for
March 20-26. He found South
African Jews to be in. an
"awkward situation" caught
between Pretoria and
Jerusalem. According to the
writer, "Anti-Semitism per se
is no longer part of
mainstream Afrikaner think-
ing. But when Israel adopts a
belligerent stance to South
Africa, hostility towards Jews
can surface."
Business Day reported that
"Swastikas have been drawn
on mail frrom SA to Israel and
the Israeli Embassy in
Pretoria has received
telephone threats after
Israel's decision to impose
limited sanctions. The Nazi
symbols were drawn on
several air mail packages mail-
ed via Israel's El Al airlines to
private individuals .. .
Telephone callers have cursed,
shouted anti-Israel slogans
and made threats to the Em-
bassy in Pretoria for the past
few days ..."
Die Afrikaner reminded
Israel on March 25 that "the
Jewish community in South
Africa is one of their largest
benefactors" and that the
South African government,
during the 1973 Yom Kippur
War "allowed hundreds of
thousands of Rands to leave
this country freely (for Israel)
and that this still continues."
President Botha, in a speech
in Lichtenburg, reported in
The Citizen on March 26, also
indicated that billions of Rands
in aid for Israel had been at
stake when it made its deci-
sion. For the U.S. to apply
fressure of this kind against
srael was nothing less than
"bullying," Botha was quoted
The newspaper Beeld said,
"In the past the power of the
Jewish vote in America was
able to prevent pressure being
brought to bear on Israel.
These days American Jews
like all other Americans are
being caught up with great
success against us. Luckily we
as well as Israel already have
well developed arms in-
dustries. A termination of
military cooperation should
therefore not be crippling to
anyone. Cooperation in other
areas will hopefully still con-
tinue." SED Brown, a rightw-
ing extremist known for his
anti-Semitic views, wrote in
the March, 1987 issue of the
South African Observer that
"Thanks to Mr. P.W. Botha
and his radical leftist revolu-
tionaries, South Africa today
is firmly on the road to the
kind of 'nonracial democracy'
for which every liberal, com-
munist, Zionist and interna-
tional financier has assiduous-
ly been working since the end
of World War II ... South
Africans have yet to learn, and
learn fast, firstly that Zionism
is racism pure and simple and
secondly, that wherever
Western man happens to be he
is in a racial war ... with the
forces of world Zionism, which
teach not only their own 'racial
superiority' but whose aim is
control and dominion over all
other races of mankind."
NJCRAC Welcome Moves Against
South African Apartheid Regime
National Jewish Community
Relations Advisory Council
(NJCRAC) welcomed Israel's
March 18 declaration that it in-
tends to refrain from entering
into new defense contracts
with South Africa. "We are
further gratified that Israel
has announced its intention to
continue reducing its ties to
South Africa and to consider
additional measures,"
NJCRAC said in a statement.
The national umbrella
organization also called upon
the seven governments that
were identified in a State
Continued from Page 5
tice provides substantive
answers to nearly every
(Amnesty) inquiry."
But according to a senior AI
figure, "the official (Israeli)
replies ... (merely) contribute
to a fuller picture of the issues
involved and the continuing ef-
forts required to eliminate the
reported abuses." No quarter
is given: Israel's replies only
confirm the existence of the
alleged abuses.
And the charges against
Israel are published before
Israel is asked to reply.
AI's methodology sets Israel
up, and lets the PLO off. When
Israel attempts to do what
Amnesty prescribes, i.e. bring
those responsible for (PLO)
terrorism to justice, it gets in-
to trouble with human rights
advocates who see in the PLO
a legitimate political vehicle
for Palestinian Arab
It is not even clear that AI
sees PLO terrorism as a pro-
blem. In discussing British
methods in Northern Ireland,
Amnesty's 1984 report, Tor-
ture in the Eighties, speaks of
"the classic dilemma of how
far a society that regards itself
as a liberal democracy is
prepared to allow illegal
methods in its resistance to
'terrorism.'" (The original
text places the quotation
marks around the word ter-
rorism; 'torture' does not
receive similar treatment.)
But when it comes to Israel,
not even that "classic dilem-
ma" is allowed. In a book in
which Poland recieves two-
and-a-half pages of attention;
the USSR two-and-a-half
pages; Libya two pages; Syria
two pages; Israel gets three.
Iran which a UN investiga-
tion has just charged with over
seven thousand political
murders last year got two
(Next: Skewed Concern.)
Department report earlier this
month as having circumvented
the United Nations arms em-
bargo against South Africa "to
immediately begin the process
of disengaging from military
relations with South Africa.'
The seven named are France,
Italy, Israel, West Germany,
Great Britain, The
Netherlands and Switzerland.
Noting that NJCRAC has
since 1966 condemned apar-
theid and "the oppression of
14 million non-whites in the
Republic of South Africa by a
totalitarian government," and
has supported the Comprehen-
sive Anti-Apartheid Acts of
1985 and 1986, the statement
"We join with others in the
community of conscience to in-
sist that all nations, including
those Arab states which pro-
vide South Arrica with the
petroleum which fuels the
apartheid regime on a daily
basis, act now to press the
government of South Africa to
abandon the odious policy of
apartheid and move quickly
toward non-racial democratic
From Mirage To Pitfall
On his recent Middle East trip former President Jimmy
Carter attacked the Reagan Administration for what he
called "missing leadership" in the Arab-Israeli conflict.
"The United States," he said, "has not taken a leadership
role in the past six years," apparently forgetting the 1982
Reagan plan, which called for a Palestinian Arab entity to
be affiliated with Jordan on the West Bank and Gaza Strip.
He might have learned from the plan's immediate rejec-
tion by Israel, and subsequent dismissal for different
reasons by Jordan and even the PLO, that America can-
not lead where parties in the region do not want to go. In-
stead, Carter blamed Reagan for "being more inclined to
... inject the Marines into Lebanon or use American bat-
tleships to shell villages around Beirut than to seek
negotiated solutions."
Again, he forgets: this time the May 17, 1983 agreement
the United States mediated between the Israelis and
Lebanese. The agreement was sabotaged a year later by
Syria; if the Reagan Administration is to be faulted in this
case it should be for not using enough force to back its
diplomacy. It retreated after terrorists exploded truck
bombs in Beirut, instead of going after their Iranian and
Syrian supporters.
Carter also praised Chairman Yasir Arafat for saying
that direct PLO participation in an international con-
ference on the Middle East might not be necessary. "This
helps to remove a lot of potential opposition from Israel,"
Carter concluded. Once more, his omissions are telling. It is
not only Israel which objects to PLO involvement in Middle
East diplomacy; the United States does too, unless and un-
til the organization accepts U.N. Security Council Resolu-
tions 242 and 338, recognizes Israel and halts terrorism.
As for the idea of a conference itself, it was to avoid just
such an imbroglio that the late Egyptian President Anwar
Sadat made his ground-breaking trip to Jerusalem. Oddly
enough, it seems that Carter misunderstands the major
achievement of his Presidency: The Camp David Accords
and the Egyptian-Israeli peace treaty. As a mediator at
Camp David and after, Carter performed heroically. As an
initiator, he already had failed, seeking to convene an inter-
national conference jointly with the Soviets while Sadat
and former Israel Prime Minister Menachem Begin were
agreeing that peace would have to be made directly bet-
ween the parties involved.
Just before Carter began his latest trip, Jesse Jackson, a
probable Democratic candidate for President, extended the
Carter thesis in a speech to an Arab-American group.
Jackson criticized the Administration for its alleged
"military approach to the problems in the region," called
for a second sovereign Palestinian Arab state in addition
to Jordan and said U.S. diplomacy should proceed
"under the auspices of the United Nations." He also set up
his favorite straw man, labeling as "racist" depictions of
the Middle East as a region of nameless terrorists.
Reality, however, intruded on the Carter-Jackson ap-
proach. As Syria was taking credit during Carter's visit
for assisting in the release of a second Saudi kidnap vic-
tim in Lebanon, it also was being implicated in a fatal cafe
bombing in the Red Sea country of Djibouti. About the
same time, even members of Arafat's Fatah organization
were criticizing his "concession" on PLO representation.
The Carter-Jackson line rests on illusions. More pitfalls for
it are certain.
(Near East Report)

Page 10 The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County/Friday. April 24^1987
Hie Rabbinical Corner
churches will be present to
participate in the event, in
which Jews and Christians,
white and black, will be united
by bonds of the brotherhood of
snared memory and shared
hope for a world in which no
holocaust may ever again be
brought upon humanity. 1 urge
you to attend and participate
in this Yom Hashoah obser-
vance. As we count these days
between the Redemption of
Passover and the Revelation of
Shavuot, may this day of
remembrance count in the life
of our community.
Lessons From The Holocaust
& J? A5S1 m "We could live-but theywon,t
STfcVLN R WESTMAN iet m," is especially ironic as
Temple Beth Torah we p e {7^, Yom
The old Yiddish complaint, Hashoah, Holocaust Remem-
Crown Heights Tensions
Police Trying To
Keep Situation Cool
Police in the Crown Heights
section of Brooklyn "are doing
their utmost to ensure that it
will be a comfortable, peaceful
summer" following tensions
which have been heightened
there in recent weeks over in-
cidents between blacks and
Hasidim, according to a police
spokesman who spoke to the
Jewish Telegraphic Agency
following a march Saturday,
April 11, by black protesters
through the Crown Heights
Problems in Crown Heights
reached a crescendo because of
a firebombing Feb. 26 of a
black woman's house in the
neighborhood, in which a
witness claimed to have seen
two white men dressed in what
looked like Hasidic garb flee-
ing the scene. The woman
whose home was firebombed
claimed to have heard them
say, "Burn, burn, burn,"
before allegedly vanishing into
the dormitory of a nearby
POLICE, the spokesman
said, are being educated there
on the "ethnic awareness of
both groups," and there is con-
stant communication between
the police community affairs
department and community
clergy and political leaders of
Crown Heights, he said.
The local clergy informed
their congregants not to par-
ticipate in the march, the
spokesman said. The local
Hasidic leaders cooperated
with the police in ensuring that
the masses of Hasidim would
not be lined up along the route
of the demonstration.
The police were notified of
plans for the march some
weeks ago at a church meeting
called by a local black political
figure, according to the police
the Brooklyn neighborhood
that is home to the world head-
quarters of the Chabad
Lubavitch movement rebutted
recent media accounts of
ethnic tensions in their com-
munity, which focused on a
march of blacks through the
streets of the ethnically mixed
Although the number of pro-
testers in the march was
estimated to be between
400-500, police said the
number varied between 200
and 500 depending on the time
of the march. One police
spokesman said it was difficult
to give an exact number of
those joining the protesters, as
it kept changing as the mar-
chers swung to different
streets and passersby or
residents of the houses along
the route joined them or left.
The spokesman in the police
community affairs department
said there is definitely tension
in the area on both sides, ad-
ding that "the complaints that
we get in the police depart-
ment are exactly the same
from both sides of the fence."
Crown Heights is a racially,
ethnically mixed neighborhood
where it is estimated that
presently about only 10 per-
cent of the neighborhood is
Jewish. The Lubavitcher
Hasidim have lived in the
neighborhood since the early
1940's, when the Lubavitcher
Rebbe, Menachem Schneer-
son, came there from Europe.
THERE ARE also small
numbers of other Hasidic
groups living in the
neighborhood, although the
Chabad Lubavitch Hasidim
outnumber them in the Jewish
Some 2,000 helmeted New
York officers lined the route
and a police helicopter hovered
slowly above, as the
demonstrators staged a noisy
but peaceful march in response
to what they claim is police
bias toward the Jewish
Chanting "No Justice, No
Peace!" the demonstrators
drew attention to a private
security patrol run by the
Crown Heights Jewish Com-
munity Council, as well as to
the firebombing, but enlarged
their claims to embrace a host
of issues in the torn Brooklyn
community. Among the
placards carried was a banner
saying "We Lost, We Lost,
We Lost," referring to the
deaths of several black and
Hispanic individuals killed in
what they claim are incidents
of police aggression.
THE JEWISH community,
on the other hand, has pro-
tested the deaths of two
Hasidim in what appears to
have been ethnically-
motivated incidents.
Black anger has been
directed at the private security
force run by the Lubavitch
community, which blacks claim
is a vigilante group. It is com-
posed of only Hasidic
members, "Lubavitch-paid,
not trained by police, and per-
form to the best of their abili-
ty, sometimes crossing over
what might be called the valid
legalities," the police
spokesman said.
"They've made arrests, held
people at times," the
spokesman said, adding that
Continued on Page 20
Rabbi Steven Westman
brance Day, which occurs this
Sunday, April 26. There are
undoubtedly countless people,
Jews and Gentiles alike, who
would like nothing more than
to forget both the victims of
the Nazi horror and the lessons
which mankind should have
learned from that shattering
epoch. Indeed, no less a
leading light than former
presidential advisor Patrick
Buchanan thinks that so much
of his own government's bring-
ing of Nazi war criminals to
belated justice plays into the
hands of the Soviets Hitler's
own canard!
Yes, some would like to
forget, but the daily news
events, whether local, na-
tional, or international, won't
allow us that questionable lux-
ury. The beating of Delray
Beach veteran Murray
Hymowitz, the rise of anti-
Semitic acts in Palm Beach
County, as documented by
ADL, the Demjanjuk trial in
Jerusalem, the first visit of an
Israeli head of state to West
Germany, commencing with a
wreath-laying ceremony at the
Bergen-Belsen concentration
camp where Anne Frank and
30,000 others perished all of
these and countless other,
unreported incidents bring
home the lessons of the
Holocaust to us repeatedly.
What are we to do with these
lessons? Are we to succumb to
the medieval canard of the Jew
as eternal victim? Must we
transform ourselves into
Jewish-style Rambos as we
sink to the level of those who
hate us? Or can we learn that,
even in the hell that was the
Holocaust human beings acted
with love, with compassion,
with concern, and with faith
toward one another, Jew and
Gentile alike. Although they
were few in number, the
righteous Gentiles who saved
Jewish lives both the
famous, such as Raoul
Wallenberg, and the
anonymous, "average" Chris-
tians, like those who hid my
own parents after
Krystallnacht deserve our
honor and our respect.
One such "righteous Gen-
tile," Beate Klarsfeld, has
dedicated her life to tracking
down Nazis and bringing them
to justice. Our community will
be honored to hear her speak
at our annual Holocaust Obser-
vance, which will be held this
Sunday evening, April 26, at
Temple Israel, beginning at
7:30. Members of many area
Religious Directory
501 N.E. 26 Avenue, Boynton Beach 33435. Phone 586-9428.
Rabbi Leon B. Fink. Cantor Abraham Koster. Monday 8:30 a.m.;
Thursday 8:30 a.m. Sabbath services, Friday 8:15 p.m., Saturday
9 a.m.
West Palm Beach 33417. Phone 684-3212. Office hours 9 a.m. to 1
p.m. Rabbi Isaac Vander Walde. Cantor Mordecai Spektor. Daily
services 8:30 a.m. and 5:30 p.m. Saturday 8:30 a.m. and 5:30 p.m.
GOLDEN LAKES TEMPLE: 1470 Golden Lakes Blvd., West
Palm Beach 33411. Phone 689-9430. Rabbi Joseph Speiser. Daily
services 8 a.m. Sabbath services Friday 8:15 p.m. Saturday 9 a.m.
For times of evening services please call the Temple office,
Methodist Church, 6513 Dillman Road, West Palm Beach 33413.
Phone 478-4720. Rabbi Richard K. Rocklin. Cantor Abraham
Mehler. President Murray Milrod, 965-6053. Services Friday 8:15
p.m., Saturday 9 am.
TEMPLE BETH DAVID: 4657 Hood Road, Palm Beach Gardens
33418. Phone 694-2350. Rabbi William Marder, Cantor Earl J.
Rackoff. Sabbath services, Friday 8 p.m. Saturday 10 am.
TEMPLE BETH EL: 2815 No. Flagler Dr., West Palm Beach
33407. Phone 833-0339. Rabbi Alan L. Cohen. Cantor Norman
Brody. Sabbath services Friday 8:15 p.m., Saturday 9:30 a.m.
Daily Minyan 8:15 a.m., Sunday and legal holidays 9 a.m.
TEMPLE BETH SHOLOM: 315 N. "A" Street, Lake Worth
33460. Phone 585-5020. Rabbi Emanuel Eisenberg. Cantor
Howard Dardashti. Services Monday and Thursday. 8:15 am.
Friday Evening, 8:15 p.m. Saturday, 9 a.m.
TEMPLE BETH SHOLOM: 224 N.W. Avenue G, Belle Glade
33430. Sabbath services Friday, 8:30 p.m. Phone 996-3886.
TEMPLE BETH ZION: 129 Sparrow Dr., Royal Palm Beach, FL
33411. Sabbath services Friday 8 p.m., Saturday 9:00 a.m. Rabbi
Seymour Friedman. Phone 798-8888.
TEMPLE B'NAI JACOB: 2177 So. Congress Ave., West Palm
Beach 33406. Phone 433-5957. Sabbath services Friday 8 p.m.,
Saturday and holidays 9 a.m., Monday and Thursday 9 a.m.
TEMPLE EMANUEL: 190 North County Road, Palm Beach
33480. Phone 832-0804. Rabbi Joel Chazin. Cantor David Feuer.
Sabbath services, Friday 8:15 p.m.; Saturday 9:30 a.m.
TEMPLE TORAH: Lions Club, 3615 West Boynton Beach
Boulevard, Boynton Beach 33437. Phone 737-7687. Cantor Alex
Chapin. Sabbath Services Friday evening 8 p.m.; Saturday 9 a.m.
Beth Abraham: 3998 SW Leighton Farms Road, Palm City
33490. Mailing address: P.O. Box 2996, Stuart, FL 33495. Phone
287-8833. Rabbi Israel J. Barzak. Services Friday evenings 8 p.m.
and Saturday 10 a.m.
CONGREGATION AITZ CHAIM: 2518 Haverhill Rd., West
Palm Beach 33417. Phone 686-5055. Sabbath services 8:45 a.m.
and sundown. Daily services 8:15 a.m. and 5:45 p.m.
857146. Port St. Lucie, FL 33452. Friday night services 8 p.m.,
Saturday morning 10:30 a.m. Phone 878-7476.
TEMPLE BETH AM: 759 Parkway Street, Jupiter. Phone
747-1109. Services Friday 8 p.m.
TEMPLE BETH EL: 4600 Oleander Avenue, Fort Pierce, FL
33450. Phone 461-7428. Sabbath Services Friday 8 p.m.
TEMPLE BETH SHALOM: St Helen's Parish Hall, 20th
Avenue and Victory Blvd., Vero Beach 32960. Mailing address:
P.O. Box 2113, Vero Beach, FL 32961-2118. Rabbi Richard D.
Messing. Phone 1-569-4700.
TEMPLE BETH TORAH: 900 Big Blue Trace, West Palm
Beach, FL 33414. Friday services 8:15 p.m. Saturday morning 10
am. Rabbi Steven R. Westman. Cantor Elliot Roeenbaum. Phone
TEMPLE ISRAEL: 1901 No. Flagler Dr., West Palm Beach
33407. Phone 833-8421. Rabbi Howard Shapiro, Cantor Peter
Taormina. Sabbath services, Friday 8 p.m.
TEMPLE JUDEA: at St. Catharine's Greek Orthodox Church
Social Hall, 4000 Washington Rd., at Southern Boulevard. Rabbi
Joel L. Levine. Cantor Anne Newman. Mailing address: 5849
Okeechobee Blvd., No. 201, West Palm Beach, FL 33417. Phone

Friday, April 24, 1987/The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County Page 11
On Friday, April 24 at 7:30
p.m. Temple will have its mon-
thly Kumsitz (sing along) Ser-
vice. The Temple Israeli Dance
Group and Adult choir to par-
ticipate in the service.
Shabbat Service on Friday,
April 24, will be conducted by
Kabbi Howard Shapiro. Joseph
Wiseman, son of Mr. and Mrs.
Michael Wiseman will
celebrate his Bar Mitzvah and
chant the kiddush.
Services will begin at 8 p.m.
Everyone is invited. During
the evening service child care
will be provided.
The Sisterhood will hold
their annual Rummage Sale on
Sunday, May 3 and Monday,
May 4. Hours for the Spring
"Rummage-a-Rama" will be
from 9 a.m. to 3 p.m. on both
days with every kind of mer-
chandise for sale lots of fur-
niture, fine adult's and
children's clothing, jewelry,
linens, color TV, microwave,
housewares, dishes, books,
New Transit Procedure
Established For Soviet Jews
Soviet Union has agreed to
establish a new transit pro-
cedure for future Jewish
emigres that would eliminate
the phenomenon of noshrim
(dropouts) Jews who leave
the Soviet Union with an
Israeli visa, but when they ar-
rive in Vienna choose to settle
in Europe or the United
According to Rabbi Arthur
Schneier ot New York, who
said he negotiated the new
procedure last month in
Moscow and Bucharest, Jews
leaving the Soviet Union in the
future will go to Israel through
Rumania where they will not
be able to obtain visas to the
United States or other
Schneier, president of the
Appeal of Conscience Founda-
tion, an inter religious group
working for human rights and
religious freedom, told the
Jewish Telegraphic Agency
Monday (Mar. 30) that he
negotiated the procedure in
meetings with Communist
Party Secretaries Aleksander
Yakovlev and Anatoly
Dobrynin in February, while
attending the International
Forum for a Nuclear-Free
World for the Survival of
Humanity in Moscow. He also
discussed the issue, he said,
with Rumanian President
Nicolae Ceausescu who
assured him of his support of
the new arrangements.
"If anything, the new transit
procedure will clearly establish
the genuine quality of invita-
tions extended by Soviet Jews
already in Israel to their
relatives in the Soviet Union,"
Schneir said. "I feel therefore,
that it could increase the
number of exit visas given to
Soviet Jews because it
represents a genuine process
of family reunification.'
Schneier noted, however,
that regardless of the new
transit procedure, he believes
that more Jews will be allowed
to leave the Soviet Union in
the future.
Noting that the details of the
new emigration procedure are
not yet finalized, Schneier said
that Jews who are given exit
visas will be flown to Rumania
Cronkite, Buchwald To Receive
Honorary Degrees from Brandeis U.
WALTHAM, Mass. -
Former CBS anchorman
Walter Cronkite and syn-
dicated columnist Art
Buchwald are among nine in-
dividuals who will receive
honorary degrees at Brandeis
University's commencement
Sunday, May 17.
Poet Adrienne Rich, U.S.
Sen. Claiborne PeU (D., R.I.)
and Frank Press, president of
the National Academy of
Sciences, also will receive
honorary degrees at Brandeis.
Bar/Bat Mitzvah
Lisa Fetterman, daughter of
Beth and Evan Fetterman of,
Palm Beach Gardens, will be
called to the Torah as a Bat
Mitzvah on Saturday, April 25
at Temple Beth David. Rabbi
William Marder and Cantor
Rackoff will officiate.
Lisa is a seventh grade stu-
dent at Howell Watkins Junior
High School. She is a Kadima
member and enjoys volleyball,
fashion and calligraphy. She
will be twinned with Dana
Lvovsky of Moscow, Russia,
who was denied her freedom to
be called to the Torah as a Bat
Joseph Charles Wiseman;
son of Michael and Mimi
Wiseman, of Lake Worth, will
be Bar Mitzvah on Friday,
April 24 at Temple Israel. Rab-
bi Howard Shapiro, will
Joseph attends Conniston
Junior High School where he is
in the 7th grade and is active
in the band and soccer. He en-
joys drums, basketball, and
remote control cars.
Family members and friends
sharing the simcha are his
sister, Stacey, and grand-
parents, Sadie Berman of
Pompano Beach and Mr. and
Mrs. Maurice Wiseman of
and from there directly to
Israel, without an opportunity
to apply for a visa to the
United States. He said he
could not disclose the name of
the Rumanian city that would
be used for the direct flights to
Tel Aviv, "out of security
Rumania, the rabbi noted, is
the only East European coun-
try that has diplomatic ties
with Israel and that "there are
regular flights between the
two countries." Although of-
ficials in Jerusalem and
Washington said Monday they
were not aware of a change in
Soviet emigration procedure,
Israel in fact has been actively
seeking such a change in order
to stem the growing number of
Prime Minister Yitzhak
Shamir, during his visit to the
United States last month, ask-
ed the Reagan Administration
to deny refugee status to
Soviet Jews who leave the
Soviet Union with an Israeli
visa. It is estimated that more
than 80 percent of Soviet Jews
who received exit visas in re-
cent years claimed refugee
status upon their arrival in
Vienna and settled in the
United States instead of conti-
nuing to Israel.
Schneier told the JTA that
the new transit procedure will
be enacted "shortly" after
"technical arrangements" are
completed. He could not pro-
vide an exact date.
Area Deaths
Abraham W.. 77. of Wast Palm Beach
lienorah Garden* and Funeral Chapels.
Weat Palm Beach
Sol, 69, of Weat Palm Beach, lienorah
Garden, and Funeral Chapel.. Weat Palm
Freda, 8J. of Palm Beach lienorah Gardens
and Funeral Chapels. Weat Palm Beach.
Rose. 72, of Century VUlage, Weat Palm
Beach. Riverside Guardian Funeral Home,
Weat Palm Beach.
Bernard D.. 8S, of Century Village, Weat
Palm Beach. Riverside Guardian Funeral
Home, Weat Palm Beach.
Yetta, 90. of Weat Palm Beach. Levitt
Wein.tein Guaranteed Security Plan
Chapel. Weat Palm Beach.
Nat. 82, of Century Village. Weat Palm
Beach. Menorah Garden, and Funeral
Chapels. West Palm Beach.
Hyman, 77, of Palm Springs. Menorah
Gardens and Funeral Chapels, West Palm
Irving. 77, of West Palm Beach. Riverside
Guardian Funeral Home, West Palm Beach.
Anna, 83, of West Palm Beach. Menorah
Garden, and Funeral Chapels. West Palm
Candle lighting Time
Jb*\ April 24 7:30 p.m.
toys, etc. The public is
In anticipation of the com-
pletion of the new synagogue
building, the Board of
Trustees is welcoming the
community to attend a special
Open House, Sunday, April 26
at 10:30 a.m. at the new Tem-
ple, 100 North Chillingworth
Refreshments will be served
under a tent. Tour guides will
be available to take guests into
the new Temple. Facilities in-
clude a four hundred seat
Social Hall-Sanctuary, a
Chapel, a religious school, a
large outdoor patio, a library,
brides room, a catering size
kitchen, Judaica gift shop, lob-
by, and offices for administra-
tion, the rabbi, cantor and
Students from the Religious
School will present a musical
program in the new social hall.
Temple Judea is a
metropolitan area congrega-
tion which invites all members
of the Jewish community to
participate as members. For
more information, call the
Temple office or Rosalee Savel
during the evening.
Rabbi Joel Levine will speak
on "The Pollard Case: A
Realistic Assessment" at Tem-
ple Judea Sabbath Services,
Friday, April 24 at 8 p.m. at
St. Catherine's Cultural
Center, the corner of Southern
Blvd. and Flagler Drive. Can-
tor Anne Newman will chant
the music.
Rabbi Levine recently
returned from the Conference
on Conscience in Washington,
D.C. sponsored by the
Religious Action Center of the
Union of American Hebrew
Congregations. One of the
many vital agenda items
discussed was the Pollard
Child-care will be available
under the direction of Miriam
Ruiz. The congregation is in-
vited to attend an oneg shab-
bat following services spon-
sored by Sisterhood.
The new Temple Judea
synagogue is nearing comple-
tion and is located at 100
North Chillingworth Drive off
Congress Ave. between Palm
Beach Lakes Blvd. and
Okeechobee Rd. For more in-
formation about the Temple,
call the office at 471-1526.
urges you to
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Page 12 The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County/Friday, April 24, 1987
17 mg. "tar". 1.3 mg. nicotine, av. per cigarette by FTC method.
Smoke Contains Carbon Monoxide.

Friday, April 24, 1987/The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County Page 13
Slepak Ends Fast With Appeal 'Do Not Forget Our Fight'
"Do not forget our fight, that
is the message to all no matter
what is your religion."
This was the appeal made by
Alexander Slepak Sunday,
April 12, as he ended a 17-day
fast on the steps of the Capitol
in support of the struggle of
his parents, Vladimir and
Maria Slepak, and other Jews
to leave the Soviet Union.
Slepak ended his fast at a
ceremony on the Capitol steps,
one day before the 17th an-
niversary of his parents' ap-
plication to emigrate from the
USSR. He lost 20 pounds dur-
ing the fast.
MORE THAN 100 persons
attended the ceremony and
heard similar appeals from
Elie Wiesel, the writer and
Nobel Peace Laureate; Jeane
Kirkpatrick, former United
States Ambassador to the
Soviet Union; and represen-
tatives of the National Con-
ference on Soviet Jewry
(NCSJ), the Union of Councils
for Soviet Jews, and the U.S.
Committee to Free Vladimir
They stood behind a banner
which quoted Vladimir Slepak
as saying: "If you turn your
eyes from us, even for a mo-
ment, we will cease to exist."
Wiesel, a Holocaust sur-
vivor, stressed that "nothing
is so terrifying to a prisoner or
to an exiled person than to feel
that no one cares."
Slepak, a 35-year-old
medical student at Temple
University, Philadelphia, said
that "with all my heart I want
to believe" in Soviet leader
Mikhail Gorbachev's promises
of democratization and
"glasnost" (openness). But,
"we want the deeds and not
the words," he declared.
HE NOTED that his father,
who had also fasted in front of
the Soviet Presidium in
Moscow, was attacked by
Soviet police Saturday, April
11, and told he was under
house arrest and would be
beaten and arrested if he tried
to leave his apartment. But on
Sunday, he was allowed to
leave the apartment.
The elder Slepaks attended a
seder at the U.S. Embassy in
Moscow Monday night April
13, where they met with
Secretary of State George
Shultz. The Secretary visited
briefly with Alexander Slepak
prior to his trip and took pic-
tures of his two children to
show the Slepaks who have
never seen their
Kirkpatrick said that "We
would be concerned with the
Slepaks if they were the only
Soviet citizens denied their
rights ... They are not
SHE SAID glasnost "has
still not altered the plight of
the Jewish community" which
is denied Jewish schools and
Jewish history books and the
right to freely practice its
religion. She said the Soviet
Union still imprisons Hebrew
teachers, attacks Zionism and
continues to lead the effort in
international forums to brand
Zionism as racism.
"If it (the Soviet Union) uses
its great force against its own
citizens how can we
possibly expect that it will not
use that force against any peo-
ple, any country that is weaker
than it," she said. She added
that no one who is "concern-
ed" about peace and arms con-
trol cannot be concerned about
the Soviet violations of human
ecutive director of the UCSJ,
also noted that "a nation that
makes war on its innocent
citizens, a nation that cannot
keep its solemn international
agreements even in human
rights, can hardly be trusted to
keep any other kind of agree-
ment. So it is a measure of how
fearful our own society can
become when we hear expres-
sions of hope and relief based
only on soothing Soviet pro-
paganda and the release of a
landful of our enslaved
He stressed that while there
is talk of openness, "restric-
tions on the right to emigrate
are ominously being
Wiesel asked if the Slepaks
are being denied exit visas
because they were among the
Continued on Page 14
Jewish refusenik Vladimir Slepak and his
wife, Maria, stage a protest in Moscow to
demand permission to leave the Soviet
APAVide World Photo
Union. Authorities have said that Slepak, a
former radio engineer, knows state

Page 14 The Jewish Floridum of Palm Beach County/Friday, April 24, 1987
Shown receiving the President Country Club Award, (left to right) Buddy
and Reva Goodman, presented by Zollie Baratz. Co-Chairman.
Shown with Senator Howard Metzenbaum (D., Ohio) are (left) Helen
Kirschner and (right) Hermine Weinstein, Women's Division Co-Chairman
Israel Bond Campaign.

Shown with Senator Howard Metzenbaum (D., Ohio) (center) are Ben
Roisman, General Chairman (left) and Bernard Plisskin, Dinner Chairman
-J P
Front row, seated: Honey Plisskin, Arrangements Chairman; Reva Good-
man. Honoree; Pauline Roisman, Reservations Chairman; back row stan-
ding: Bernard Plisskin, dinner Chairman; Buddy Goodman, Honoree; Ben
Roisman, General Chairman.
President Country Club Makes Record
Breaking Israel Bond Purchases

The President Country Club
on behalf of State of Israel
Bonds recently held their
Third Annual Gala Dinner
Dance in the Regency
Ballroom, Hyatt, Palm
Reva and Buddy Goodman
were presented with Israel's
coveted Lion of Judah Award
for their commitment and
dedication to their people and
their community. The Good-
mans were also presented with
a Book of Tribute and their
names were added to a plaque
that will remain at the Country
Special Guest speaker for
the evening was Senator
Howard Metzenbaum (D-
Ohio). Senator Metzenbaum is
a champion of human rights
and an advocate of other
critical issues of today such as
church-state separation, in-
cluding matters such as prayer
in the schools and the effort to
prevent the teaching of
Slepak Ends Fast
Continued from Page IS
first to seek emigration and
now the Soviets demand "they
should be the last."
Slepak said his parents have
suffered enough, noting that
they were 43 when they first
applied and are now 60 years
Mark Levin, the NCSJ's
Washington representative,
said this is "not an end, not a
beginning, but a continuation"
of the struggle for the Slepaks
and other Soviet Jews. He ex-
pressed the hope that the
traditional ending of the seder,
"Next year in Jerusalem" will
mean for Soviet Jews "This
year in Jerusalem."
The event on the Capitol
steps was led by Nathan
Levinthal of the Committee to
Free Slepak, which presented
Shultz recently with a petition
signed by some 10,000 persons
urging him to make a personal
appeal for the Slepaks to Gor-
bachev. Shultz has promised to
do so as well as for other
Soviet Jews, including those
suffering from cancer who
want to be reunited with
In addition to his meeting
with Shultz, he also met with
House Speaker Jim Wright
(D., Texas), who led a Congres-
sional delegation to the Soviet
Union last week.
called "secular humanism" in
schools. He is a fighter on
behalf of American interests in
Israel and has been a leader in
the struggle over arms sales to
the Mid-East. His remarks
about America's relationship
Continued from Pag* 2
people," said Wachtel, who
with his wife organized a
nightly candle-lighting
celebration during Chanukah
for friends in the
Speaking of Israel, Wachtel
said, "We ve been there four
times. It's my country, even if
I don't agree with everything
they do. I will try to defend
Israel with my life."
As a member of the
Holocaust Survivors of the
Palm Beaches, Wachtel con-
siders communitywide educa-
tion to be essential. "We speak
up to remind people that we
are the last witnesses."
Wachtel perhaps speaks
most eloquently through his
art. Nevertheless, he utttered
a simple yet articulate maxim
derived from his experience as
prisoner, partisan, father and
artist: "We should never again
see brother killing brother."
with Israel and contemporary
issues facing the Jewish Com-
munity and the State of Israel
inspired the group of over 200
to purchase close to a half
million dollars in State of
Israel Bonds.
General Chairman for the
President Country Club Cam-
paign Ben Roisman and Din-
ner Chairman Bernard
Plisskin applauded their fellow
members for a record breaking
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Focus On Issues
A Neglected Group In The Study
Of Holocaust Survivors
Friday, April 24, 1987/The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County Page 15
studies done till now on the
Holocaust and its victims, one
group has been neglected.
They are the survivors who
were children at the time. It is
only within the last six years
that a cumulative study has
developed to deal with the
traumatization of those who
were no older than 13 when
World War II began.
In Sands Point, Long Island,
a quiet suburb of New York Ci-
ty, a privately funded study
began in 1981 compiling
testimonies of the children
who came through the
Holocaust, reaching out to ar-
chives and private individuals
in Europe, Israel and
throughout the United States
and Canada in search of writ-
ten accounts of memories.
The Jerome Riker Interna-
tional Study of Organized
Persecution of Children has to
date collected 500 interviews
with child survivors. Volunteer
interviewers continue to ferret
out these people and record
their personal experiences
before, during and after the
Specific interest in child sur-
vivors arose from the work of
a husband-and-wife team
directing the Riker Study,
Milton and Dr. Judith
Kestenberg. Milton
Kestenberg is a New York at-
torney whose work in
challenging refused West Ger-
man reparations claims by
Holocaust survivors who
claimed psychological impair-
ment led him to question the
reasons for the refusals.
In working on these claims,
he found they had been refus-
ed because German-authorized
psychiatrists contended they
could not validate that the
stated psychological problems
were actually induced by the
Holocaust. As Kestenberg
questioned survivors about
their experiences in order to
refile their claims with the
German government, the in-
formation he gathered made
him increasingly aware of the
psychological makeup of child
survivors and the emotional
legacy passed on to their own
Dr. Judith Kestenberg, the
Riker Study project director,
is a psychoanalyst specializing
in child development. In 1972,
she founded Child Develop-
ment Research (CDR), a non-
profit organization, whose pur-
pose is the prevention of emo-
tional disorders in children.
CDR runs a center for parents
and children, babies, pregnant
women, mothers with babies
and/or toddlers up to age four.
"Through these years," she
said, "we nave learned to com-
municate with these babies
and have taught parents to
communicate with them. We
invented methods of com-
municating with children non-
verbally before they could
speak fluently.'' CDR
therapists work with move-
ment, art and music therapists
in order to study non-verbal
communication with children.
"It is this experience that
gave us a new understanding
of how babies think. These
observations enabled us to
begin to study on a new key
how children felt when they
were traumatized by the
Holocaust," Dr. Kestenberg
Dr. Kestenberg repeatedly
noticed that in therapy, the
Holocaust experience was not
factored into the behavior of
survivors and their children as
a contributing element.
Morevoer, psychotherapists
conceded that they themselves
were guilty of minimizing or
ignoring altogether the
Holocaust as a major con-
tributing factor to mental il-
lness, witnessed by the fact
that therapists found it dif-
ficult to identify with the im-
pact the Holocaust had on
their clients. The result was
that the therapist became
what one called "a partner to
the denial of the impact."
Psychotherapists in
America, said Milton
Kestenberg, shared the
resistance to the Holocaust
and its experience with the
rest of America. "This was
taboo," he told the Jewish
Telegraphic Agency, em-
phasizing that readiness to
discuss the Holocaust is only
recent. "It was quiet because
we (the U.S.) didn't do
anything about it."
The guilt was felt not only by
America, he said, but by the
survivors themselves, for hav-
ing survived when others did
not. This was fueled by a lack
of sympathy from people
regarding the survivors'
Holocaust experiences.
Milton Kestenberg recalled a
woman who had been adopted
by an American family as a
"second daughter" on condi-
tion that she never speak
about her Holocaust ex-
periences. She kept her pro-
mise not to talk about them, he
said, "but she never forgot
them, either, and their
memory constantly gnawed at
her. She nurtured these
memories inside her and she
developed a neurosis."
Eva Fogelman, a
psychotherapist who is a
research associate and Board
member of the Riker Study,
said that during her work with
groups of children of sur-
viviors she found some parents
who were themselves only
children during the Holocaust.
Fogelman said that
therapists, in interviewing the
child survivors, found that
these people had not previous-
ly had the opportunity to talk
about their experiences. "It's
such a great sense of relief to
finally share it with somebody
and get a chance to talk about
it," she said.
Most people, said Fogelman,
don't ask child survivors what
they went through during the
Holocaust because they feel
they don't remember, that
children couldn't have a
memory of such things. "It's
as if they didn't see anything,
hear anything, feel anything,"
Fogelman observed. On the
contrary, said Fogelman,
"they are completely left with
nightmares and the horrors
that they experienced."
Fogelman told JTA that
child survivors have actually
related in the interviews that
their parents said to them,
"You were too young to
remember anything." But in
reality, Fogelman said, child
survivors, with the guidance of
experienced interviewers,
have a lot of memory that is
pertinent to how children ex-
perience trauma, "they have a
lot to teach us about how
children cope under stressful
conditions,' she said.
Until now, Fogelman said,
there has been no systematic
research on the effect of the
massive psychic trauma on
children as compared to
adults. But now, 40 years
later, "we are trying to
understand from a
psychological perspective from
people who had different kinds
of experiences" what varied
reactions arose from experien-
cing childhood during the un-
precedented persecutions of
the Holocaust.
"We don't know a lot of this.
Today in psychology there is a
whole new field on stress and
coping, but even in that
literature there's no differen-
tiation between children and
adults," Fogelman explained.
She said that during the in-
terviews with child survivors,
many of them said they felt
they didn't belong anywhere.
They felt they did not belong
with the second generation
because they didn't go through
the Holocaust. And they are
constantly being told by those
who were adults then that they
couldn't remember. As a
result, child survivors have felt
isolated, alienated from a
group of people with whom
they share a common historical
Over and over again in inter-
views with child survivors,
said Fogelman, interviewers
were asked, "Am I the only
one or do you know any other
people I could meet?"
Therefore, meetings were set
up for child survivors to have
an opportunity to meet with
each other to share not only
On a recent visit to Ben-Gurion University of the Desert in
Sde Boker, former President Carter lays a wreath on the
grave of David Ben-Gurion.
their experience of the past,
but also how they feel today,
as well as their creative
responses to coping with losses
and trauma.
In these groups, Fogelman
explained, the child survivors
encounter a sense of family,
community, heritage, culture,
language exactly those
things they lost during the
Holocaust. There are now child
survivor organizations in
several major U.S. cities. The
first of these groups was
begun a year-and-a-hau ago in
Los Angeles, this past Simchat
Torah, the Los Angeles group
met and danced with the Torah
together. They also celebrate
Passover communally.
''These organized
meetings," said Fogelman,
"are not only self-help kind of
groups where people share
their feeling, but they have
become for many people an ex-
tended family, a Jewish com-
munity that they feel they
didn't belong to, a re-creation
of a sense of belongings."
Fogelman said that child sur-
vivors in these groups have
repeatedly said, "This is the
first time I feel like I belong
Vanunu Trial
TEL AVIV (JTA) The trial
of Mordechai Vanunu, scheduled
to open in Jerusalem district court
last week, was postponed because
of a dispute between the defen-
dant and his lawyer. No new date
was announced, and legal
observers doubt the proceedings
will begin until late next month.
Two of 12 student leaders are arrested for
staging a sit-down protest at the entrance
to the Prime Minister's office last week.
JTA/WZN Newt Photo
The students were protesting against
government plans to raise tuition fees.

Page 16 The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County/Friday, April 24, 1987
Stone At Bergen-Belsen Shows Solidarity With Past
BONN (DaD) President
Chaim Herzog of Israel ship-
ped his most important and
weightiest item of luggage a
good week in advance of his
state visit to the Federal
Republic of Germany. It was a
one-ton stone from Jerusalem
that he unveiled on the site of
the former Belsen concentra-
tion camp last week (April 6)
as a token of the Jewish peo-
ple's solidarity with the vic-
tims of the Nazi holocaust.
Symbolic gestures are par-
ticularly important in relations
between two states and two
peoples whose ties cannot be
termed normal even now, 27
years after the historic
meeting between Chancellor
Adenauer and Prime Minister
Ben-Gurion at the Waldorf-
Astoria Hotel in New York
and 22 years after am-
bassadors were first
PRESIDENT Herzog noted
in a recent interview that ties
between Israel and the
Federal Republic of Germany
might have grown so close
and, at times, so cordial over
the past 22 years "as a reac-
tion to the extremely tragic
The Federal Republic is
Israel's largest sales market
and trading partner by far in
Europe. More German tourists
visit Israel than from any
other European country. With
no European country does
Israel have more joint
research projects, twin towns
or more intensive youth ex-
change programs.
"The importance of all these
ties is that they have fostered
closer relations not only bet-
ween the governments but,
gradually, between the peoples
too despite the past, he
TWO WEEKS before his
state visit, the German soccer
team proved fine ambassadors
of their country. It was their
first visit to Israel and the first
international between the
World Cup finalists Germany
and Israel's comparatively in-
experienced national side. As
political and human aspects
Continued on Following Paje
Organizational quislings
try to ignore Pollard's
kind of commitment to
Israel's welfare.
Abraham Scherr
Historic meeting between David Ben-Gurion (center) and Chancellor Konrad Adenauer in New York in 1960.
Historian Says Pollard Acted Out
Of Deeply-Held Ideals About Israel
4 j
The self-styled American-
Jewish organizational
spokesmen about the
Jonathan Pollard spy affair
remind me historically of
the Polish Jews in the ser-
vice of that country's nobili-
ty, whose collaboration
eventually led to the
slaughter of whole sections
of East European Jewry by
Chmelnitzky's Cossacks.
Pollard acted on the basis of
deeply-held ideals, something
these organizational Quislings
try to ignore; everything to
them has to be put in terms of
dollars and cents or self-
interest. What has been their
major cry? that Israel has
"dared" to act as an indepen-
dent nation instead of an
American satellite. It hardly
ever seems to occur to these
establishment marionettes
that Israel is the Jewish
homeland, not the United
States whether the question
is Pollard or Russian Jewish
IT MIGHT be well to remind
the Anti-Defamation League
and the American Jewish Con-
gress self-appointed
spokespersons, as well as the
other groups striving to make
the United States an easier
place to assimilate out of ex-
istence, that their New World
Paradise has always used
various ethnic groups for its
own ends. Freedom of religion
was far from the minds of
those who allowed the mass
migration from Europe; it was
cheap labor and unlimited pro-
fits that were the motivating
factors, a situation that has re-
mained unchanged.
Many Russian Jews were
duped into immigration to the
United States recently for
American propaganda ends
Abraham Scherr, PhD, is an
historian who lives in Tampa.
He has written this article for
The Jewish Floridian.
rather than "humanitarian"
reasons, and their desire to
return to the Soviet Union has
become both visual and vocal
lately something that has
scarcely occurred among the
Soviet Jews who moved to
Israel, perhaps because
pluralism creates neither jobs
nor security, while the Jewish
State tries to take care of its
own people.
How many times must the
murder of the Rosenbergs for
reasons of political expediency
be repeated before American
Jewry gets the message? Con-
trast the espionage cases of
the Walkers and Ronald
Peltons with that of Pollard
and then talk about who did
more damage and who got the
stiffer sentences. Pollard's
"crime" was to reveal to the
world that the United States
was withholding information
from its Israeli ally that con-
cerned the Middle East.
FOR THAT he should have
been deported, as is the case
when the agents of "friendly"
countries are discovered apy-
Coatinned on Following Page
Malaysia's President
Likes To Talk About Zionist Plots
In recent months, Malaysia
has become one of the most
persistent and vitriolic at-
tackers of Israel and Zionism.
Its President, Dr. Mahatir
Mohamed, likes to speak of
"Zionist plots" and "interna-
tional Jewish media," and he
even opposes the performance
of works by Jewish authors
and composers.
In November, 1986,
Malaysia bitterly criticized
other states of Southeast'Asia,
and especially its neighbor
Singapore, on the eve of for-
mal visits by President Chaim
Earlier in 1986, at a meeting
in Zimbabwe, Mahatir Moham-
ed said that "the expulsion of
the Jews from the Holy Land
2,000 years ago and the Nazi
oppression of the Jews have
taught them nothing. If at all,
it has transformed the Jews in-
to the very monsters that they
condemn in their propaganda.
They have been apt pupils of
Abraham H. Foxman is
associate national director of
the Anti-Defamation League of
B'nai B'rith and its director of
International Affairs. Robert
B. Goldmann is director of
ADL 's Paris office.
Dr. Goebbels."
LOOKING AT the country's
policy towards its own
minorities, the reasons for
such racist attitudes become
evident. Under Mahatir,
Malaysia has become a racist
nation, patterning its actions
literally after Nazi Germany.
The kejr term for policy toward
minorities primarily
Chinese (34 percent) and In
dian (9 percent) is
Just about half die popula-
tion is Malay (Moslem). The
English translation of
Bhumiputra is "rooted in the
soil." In German, it is bodens-
taendig. This is the word
Hitler and his chief ideologist
Alfred Rosenberg used to
distinguish the native, bodens-
taenduj, or "Aryan" popula-
tion from the minorities
mostly Jewish.
Under Mahatir Mohammed,
Malaysia follows the same doc-
trine as Nazi Germany in the
thirties. It distinguishes bet-
ween those who have their
roots in the soil" and those
who, no matter how many
generations ago, were im-
migrants. Thus, people who
have completely absorbed the
majority culture, except for
religion, and have for genera-
tions considered themselves
equal members of the national
community are no longer first-
Continued on Pace 18
Contrary to Mahatir's chafes, it is
he who is a Goebbels pupil.

Friday, April 24. 1987/The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County Page 17
Peres Encouraged By
Talks With Soviet Officials
Foreign Minister Shimon
Peres returned from Europe
Thursday, April 9, saying
his meeting with two senior
Soviet officials in Rome en-
couraged his hope that Israel
could negotiate peace with the
Arabs without superpower
The meeting, which had
been unscheduled, followed
Peres' two-day official visit to
Spain. His stopover in Rome
was to attend the openings of
the Socialist International
PERES TOLD reporters at
Ben-Gurion Airport that his
90-minute private discussion
with Karel Bruten and Alex-
ander Zutov of the Soviet
Communist Party Central
Committee's international af-
Foreign Minister Peres
Historian Says Pollard Acted
On Basis of Deeply-Held Ideals
Continued from Preceding Page
ing. Much news is made about
the Russians microwaving the
American Embassy in
Moscow, but scarcely a word is
written about the British,
French, Germans, and others
who use this process on the
U.S. and each other around
the Western world.
Industrial and military es-
pionage is rampantly used by
every nation, there are no
friends or enemies. Only the
United States plays the
hypocrite about it. Who can
forget the U.S. denial about
Francis Gary Powers and the
U-2 flights over the Soviet
Union? This is the same coun-
try that now cries foul over a
possible Israel coverup? Talk
to a Frenchman about U.S. ef-
forts to undermine Charles de
Gaulle, or the attempts to steal
the Algerian oil strikes away
from the French (it was at this
time that the U.S. began to see
merit in the cause of Algerian
Who in this country can lec-
ture the Israelis about the
West Bank territories with the
blood of the Indians and ware
of conquest fought against
Mexico for their territories in
the southwest? Save your
"moral outrage" for your own
historical escapades.
WHAT YOUR American
Jewish Congress, Bnai Brith
and other establishment
groups are really concerned
about were their own privileg-
ed positions within American
society, and the Pollard affair
rocked the boat by showing
that Israel was a sovereign
state with its own national in-
terests separate from those of
the United States.
Reform and Conservative
movement notables reflect
American Jewry by and large:
convenience markets making
their products palatable to the
Christian community, so that
they will not notice any great
difference between them.
Christianized Judaism is what
the American junk religion
Jew wants to peddle in Israel;
in this way their own cons-
ciences are salved over their
betrayal of true Jewish
When a Pollard comes along,
it unnerves these peddlers of
the lowest-common-
denominator Jews, who would
gladly settle for a Star of
David atop a Christmas tree,
by emphasizing that a real
Jewish identity transcends
consumerism and pluralism
both. It means standing on
principles instead of profit
margins, where a heart-felt
cultural identity outweighs a
"fistful of dollars," and this
terrifies the Establishment
Jews as much as wearing a
yarmulka in public.
It Took 22 Years for Israel's
Chief of State To Visit Germany
Contin.ed front Preceding Page
weighed more heavily than the
scoreboard, the atmosphere
was carefully monitored on
both sides during the German
soccer squad's three-day visit.
The German visitors proved
sensitive guests. At their own
request the squad, led by team
manager Franz Beckenbauer,
visited the Holocaust
memorial at Yad Vashem,
Jerusalem, on the first day of
their stay.
"When I laid our wreath at
Yad Vashem," said Cologne
forward Klaus Allofs, "it was
as though I were laying
flowers on a relative's grave.
He and his team-mates were
shaken by the memorial's
testimony to the horrors of the
Nazi regime.
piece of rock from Jerusalem
at Belsen as a highlight of
what was a first state visit and
the wreath laid by the German
soccer team at Yad Vashem,
making the soccer interna-
tional almost an afterthought,
do indeed, as deeply-felt sym-
bolic gestures, testify to a
special relationship.
"If we are to ensure there is
no repetition of the tragedies
of the past," President Herzog
said before flying to Germany,
"we must make sure a strong
common foundation is laid for
the future."
fairs department, was con-
ducted in a serious and balanc-
ed atmosphere. He said he
found "openness" on some of
the matters on the agenda but
no agreements were reached.
"I can tell you that I return
encouraged by the chances of
reaching direct negotiations
without international powers,
including the Soviet Union,
trying to impose solutions on
us," Peres said.
"As for the Jewish question,
it should be noted that there
have been several important
changes," he told reporters.
He said they were "not all we
would like to see ... the
number of immigrants or
more accurately of those leav-
ing has increased. Six of the
eight Prisoners of Zion have
been released. And a low-level
bably come direct to Israel."
Peres summed up his con-
versation with the Soviet
diplomats as "the first serious
direct dialogue between us and
Soviet representatives. I am
not ready to go into further
Peres dismissed the storm of
protest raised in Likud circles
by his advocacy of an interna-
tional conference for Middle
East peace. He stated before
leaving for Madrid that one of
his objectives was to solicit
Spanish support for such a
forum. Premier Yitzhak
Shamir stated pubiicly that he
hoped the Foreign Minister
"would not succeed."
'Israel's foreign policy is not
an article here or there, or a
blessing or the opposite of a
blessing," Peres said, "but a
continuation of the peace pro-
cess and the process of open-
ing up the gates of emigra-
tion" from the Soviet Union.
Peres said he would be
reporting to Shamir on his trip
and would take up their dif-
ferences when they meet.
Shamir for his part, told a
group of Likud Liberals that
the idea of an international
conference was "crazy" and
advised Peres to forget it and
get down to the "serious day-
to-day problems facing
Hold That Smile Please
Prof. Yeshayahu Nir of the
Hebrew University of
Jerusalem may have the
ultimate photo album of the Ci-
ty of Gold. The fruits of his
eight years of research
through archives, cellars,
boviet delegation will probably museums, libraries and private
arrive (in Israel) to discuss collections
limited issues.
'I DON'T think that is the
end, I think it is a beginning,"
he said, "and I think we can
work toward expanding the
opening which has been made,
and also to ensure that those
leaving (the USSR) will pro-
are many rare
photographs of the city, in-
cluding the oldest.
The later, landscapes taken
in 1844, were located in an old,
rural chateau in France, which
formerly belonged to the
French nobleman
Nir said the photos he has
found document the ap-
pearance of Eretz Israel as
well as the natural beauty.
However, like photos of the
American West and Native
Americans, some of the photos
are exotic and romanticized,
portraying a world that didn't
truly exist, he explained.
His research, and many of
the photos, are reproduced in
both English and Hebrew
books, the former called "The
Bible and the Image: The
History of Photography in the
Holy Land 1839-1899.
Remember the past, as EL AL takes you back to your roots in
Eastern Europe. You'll be able to tour places like Budapest,
Warsaw and Prague. More important, you'll be able to discover
your heritage. Then, rejoice in the future as EL AL takes you
forward to Israelsymbol of the Jewish spirit reborn.
For more information about EL AL's new Jewish Heritage Tours
to Eastern Europe and Israel, see your travel agent or call EL AL at
1-800-EL ALSUN (1-800-352-5786).
For a free, detailed color brochure, please write
Jewish Heritage Tours
850 Third Avenue
New Vbrk. NY 10022
The Airfne of brad
The airfine people befieve in.

Page 18 The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County/Friday, April 24, 1987
Le onid Dov Zeliger: A Portrait Of Fortitude
When a man or woman is
awarded a Hebrew Teacher's
Certificate by the National
Board of License, it is not nor-
mally a front-page news item.
But when that newly licensed
Hebrew teacher is in the
Soviet Union, such licensing,
routine in the United States,
represents a remarkable
breakthrough and a feat of
amazing fortitude and
Leonid Dov Zeliger is a man
in his late thirties who was
born and brought up in the
Soviet Union, where he was
trained as an electronics
engineer. He is married to a
woman named Mira and has
two daughters, Rachel and
Dina. The family lives in
Rishona Chapter are having their regular meeting on
Wednesday, May 13, at 12:30 p.m. at the American Sav-
ings Bank, Westgate, Century Village.
Entertainment and collation to follow. All members and
guests invited, welcome.
The final meeting of the season for West Chapter will
take place on Monday, April 27,1 p.m. at Congregation An-
shei Sholom. There will be entertainment.
West Boynton Beach Chapter will hold their installation
luncheon on Monday, April 27, 11:30 a.m. at Kristine's
Restaurant, Lake Worth. Call Charlotte Burke for
The Rishona Palm Beach Chapter will hold their In-
stallation Luncheon at the Holiday Inn Oceanfront Resort,
Singer Island, on Thursday, April 30 at noon. The incoming
president, Toby Glazer, as well as the new officers and
board for the 1987-88 season will be installed by Claire
Braun, vice president of the Florida-Atlantic Region.
Entertainment for the afternoon will be provided by
Dora Rosenbaum and Fannye Usakow, duo pianists, who
will perform a medley of classical and popular
Shalom W. Palm Beach holds their closing meeting
Wednesday, May 20, 12:30 p.m., at Congregation Anshei
Sholom. Terry Rapaport, member of the National Board
Executive Advisory Committee, will install the following
officers: President, Helen Nussbaum; Vice Presidents:
Ethel Roey, Augusta Steinhardt, Lillian Schack, Rose
Kagan; Treasurer, Sarah Gewirtz; Financial Secretary,
Estelle Kashdan; Recording Secretary, Sadie Ackerhoft;
Corresponding Secretary, Flora Schwartz. Refreshment
will be served.
Coming events:
May 3, 4, 5, Florida Atlantic Region Conference, Royce
May 13, luncheon/matinee performance "Applause,"
Royal Palm Theatre. Call Lillian Schack.
Tikvah Chapter will be at the Regional Conference May
3, 4 and 5.
There will be a Mother's Day Champagne Brunch at Burt
Reynolds Theatre on May 10. "Almost Perfect" will be per-
formed. Contact Ann Zolchonock for reservations.
Theodore Herzl Club will have their installation
meeting on May 7, 1 p.m. at the Lake Worth Shuffleboard
Courts, 1121 Lucerne Ave.
On Monday, April 27, the Lake Worth West Chapter
will hold their monthly meeting at noon at the Beach
Federal Bank, corner Gun Club Road and Military Trail.
Mr. Bob Costello, a representative of Prudential, Bache In-
vestments, will be the guest, and the topic of his discussion
will be "Safe Investments Other than C.D.'s." Questions
will be answered and prizes will be given. Ladies, please br-
ing your men. A mini-lunch will be served.
The Palm Beach Chapter will hold their installation lun-
cheon and card party on Tuesday, April 28, at the Bohe-
mian Gardens, 5450 Lake Worth Road at 11:30 a.m. Call
Nancy Giustetti, or Lean Hammer for reservations.
Poinciana Chapter will have their regular meeting on
April 27, at noon in the Social Hall of The Challenger Club
at which time the Officers for 1987-88 will be installed.
The Installing Officer will be Miriam Fogel, President-
elect of North Palm Beach County Region. A Mini-lunch
will be served.
The Program will be, "Soundsfamiliar," an afternoon of
song and dance presented by Tom Duane and his group."
Spend an. jnjoy the Lido Spa in Miami on May 3,4, 5, 6.
Closing L jnchen for the summer months to be held at
Manero's on Monday, May 18 at 1:30 p.m. Guests invited.
This seemingly typical hus-
band and father somehow
managed to develop a skill that
has been tacitly forbidden in
the Soviet Union since the
1920s. He learned Hebrew.
And, having learned it, he
began to teach it to others.
This, too, is tacitly forbidden.
How does someone learn
Hebrew in a country where it
has long been forbidden, albeit
unofficially, even to possess
Hebrew books? Mr. Zeliger
picked up the language
wherever he could. He
remembered wisps of Hebrew
prayers that his religious
father and grandfather had
taught him. He studied old
tombstones in Jewish
cemeteries. And during the
1960s he managed to tune in to
the Hebrew broadcasts of
Israel's "Kol Yisrael" news
programs that even the Soviet
Union could not bar from
crossing its borders.
In 1977 ten years ago
Mr. Zeliger and his family ap-
lied for a visa to leave the
oviet Union. Like thousands
of others, they were turned
down. Mr. Zeliger lost his job
and since then has been sub-
sisting on his meager earnings
from doing odd jobs and from
teaching Hebrew. His wife
Mira, trained as a radio
engineer, was also forced to
leave her position and current-
ly works as a kindergarten
In April 1980, Joel and
Mozelle Berkowitz, a concern-
ed couple from Newton,
Massachusetts, visited the
Soviet Union where they made
a point of meeting several of
the so-called "Refuseniks"
(Jews who have been refused
permission to emigrate), in-
cluding Leonid Dov Zeliger
and his family. The
Berkowitzes and the Zeligers
established a warm friendship,
which, despite barriers of
distance and language and
political conditions, they have
maintained ever since through
correspondence and regards
brought back and forth by
other Americans visiting the
Soviet Union.
In late November 1983, Dr.
Hyman Pomerantz of the
Jewish Education Service of
North America (JESNA)
received a hand-written letter
from Mr. Berkowitz contain-
ing a most unusual request.
Mr. Zeliger, in a letter to Mr.
Berkowitz, had wondered if it
would be possible for him to be
administered an examination
in order to achieve some kind
of official certification of his
level of expertise and com-
petence to teach Hebrew and
Judaic subjects.
"I'm sure you realize the
type of personal commitment
and heroism that one must
have to study and teach
Hebrew in the USSR," Mr.
Berkowitz wrote.
He added that "Leonid in-
dicated that others would also
be interested in the exam. It
seems to be of great impor-
tance to them. Can it be any
less for us?"
Dr. Pomerantz and his col-
leagues on the National Board
of License, the organization
that certifies teachers and
principals in Hebrew schools
all across the United States
and Canada, agreed. They
deemed that Mr. Zeliger's re-
quest was a reasonable one
and that such an examination
would not be inappropriate.
But, it is one thing to agree
in principle, another to imple-
ment such a project. First of
all, a test had to be devised
which would not be so easy
that it patronized nor so dif-
ficult that it discouraged the
Soviet activist; one had to
know what level he had attain-
ed. Then, there was the
technical problem of getting
the test to him and back from
him without endangering him
and his family unnecessarily.
The first problem was dealt
with after Mr. Zeliger re-
quested a number of books
from Mr. Berkowitz that pro-
vided some insight into his
level of proficiency. These
books included Menahem Man-
soor's Contemporary Hebrew
and Hebrew Newspaper
Reader, Kurt Leviant's
Masterpieces of Hebrew
Literature and M. Lewittes's
MiSifrut HaDorot (From the
Literature of Generations).
The examination that
resulted was entirely in
Hebrew and consisted of four
sections. The first three tested
Mr. Zeliger's proficiency in Bi-
ble, Hebrew literature and
grammar. The fourth and last
section of the test instructed
the examinee to write a corn-
Continued on Page 20-
Malaysia's Prexy
Speaks of 'Zionist Plots'
Continued from Page 16
class citizens. Only Moslem
Malays enjoy this status. All
that matters is race, which is a
shorter version of "roots in the
UNDER THIS policy,
Mahatir Mohammed has
established quotas for reduc-
ing minority shares in the
ownership of productive enter-
prises, public service jobs,
management positions and
educational opportunity. In all
these areas, the Chinese, and
to a lesser degree the Indians,
have had a share far exceeding
their proportion of the
Yet even to start counting in
these terms when it comes to
minorities who have not had
any special benefits to help
them achieve their position, is
to be racist a la Hitler.
He, too, started by
hatemongering against the
"preponderant position" of
the Jews in the economic life of
Germany, in the universities
and the arts, as well as in the
political life of the Weimar
Republic. To be sure, Mahatir
Mohamed has not gone as far
as to write a Malay equivalent
of Mein Kampf or projected a
"final solution" for the ethnic
PERHAPS and hopefully he
never will. Yet what he has
already done to discriminate
against Chinese and Indian
citizens of Malaysia is enough
to cause a steady exodus of
young Chinese to Australia,
Britain, Canada and other
Commonwealth nations who
treat their citizens as equals.
He has even forbidden the con-
struction of a Chinese
In this sense, too, Malaysia
follows in the footsteps of Nazi
Germany in the mid-thirties
when Jewish participation in
higher educational institutions
and in cultural activities was
being reduced and segregated.
The "New Economic Policy"
that implements the
Bhumiputra principle has not
had the desired effects. Malays
have remained far behind the
quotas Mahatir Mohammed
had set for them in possession
of shares, management posi-
tions and educational ac-
complishment. And while a
good deal of Malaysia's
economic recession of the past
couple of years has been due to
falling world market prices of
its chief export commodities
oil, rubber and tin economic
problems have been ag-
gravated by counterproductive
effects of Dr. Mahatir's ad-
ministration toward
Malaysia's minorities.
WHETHER ONE likes it or
not, the enterprise of Malay-
Chinese has been the
locomotive of the nation's
economy. Modem Kuala Lum-
pur is a monument to this
spirit of productive investment
and hard work. Malaysians of
Chinese descent have been
among the country's most
loyal citizens and, as testimony
to their loyalty and sense of be-
ing rooted in the country, form
part of the majority coalition
headed by Dr. Mahatir and his
party despite the official
Again, as in Nazi Germany,
here is a minority that has
made and can continue to
make an invaluable contribu-
tion to the nation's develop-
ment and the well being of all
its citizens. All these factors
argue for a policy of pluralism
under which a fairer distribu-
tion of opportunity and na-
tional wealth is possible and
manageable without
discouraging those who have
"disproportionately" con-
tributed to the country's
Yet racism is by its nature ir-
rational and, when it is domi-
nant in policy making, reason
and fairness are cast aside.
Mahatir Mohamed's govern-
ment is racist with all the
consequences for his own peo-
ple this implies.
Separate Issue,
Says Shamir
TEL AVIV (JTA) Premier
Yitzhak Shamir said, last Thurs-
day, that the plight of Soviet Jews
should be considered apart from
Israel's policies toward the Soviet
Union and must not be "held
hostage" to Israeli negotiations
with Moscow.
Addressing representatives of
the American Council for Soviet
Jewry in Jerusalem, Shamir also
complained that American Jews
are not doing enough to persuade
the U.S. to abolish refugee status
for Jews leaving the USSR

Friday, April 24, 1987/The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County Page 19
Israel Looks Ahead
The End Of The Beginning
(Part One Of A Five-Part
(Editor's Note: Murray
Zuckoff participated in a re-
cent United Jewish Appeal
Department of Communica-
tions/Public Relations special
mission to Israel to study the
changes the country has
undergone since 19U8 and the
outlook for the period ahead. In
the course of the mission, he
met dozens of local political
leaders, representatives from
industries, agriculture,
research and development, kib-
butzim, mo8havim. Project
Renewal and ordinary
1938,10 years before the State
of Israel was born, David Ben
Gurion wrote a letter to his
children in which he said: "At
this crucial moment we must
bear the simple truth: in the
diaspora our history was made
by others. In Palestine by
ourselves. And whatever
others scheme and foreigners
do, if we are able to create
history even in the worst possi-
ble conditions, they shall not
be able to overcome us."
Israel did create history, and
in the worst possible condi-
tions, and, j has not been over-
come. This might very well be
the theme of Israel's 40th an-
niversary next year, with one
modification: creating history
under far better conditions.
What lies ahead can be
described as an unprecedented
period of great possibilities in
technological, scientific and
medical innovations, profound
social changes, progressive im-
provement in relations with
the international community,
and an acceleration of Zionist
The possibilities at home are
quantum leaps in the fields of
high-tech industries and
agriculture; intense and plann-
ed efforts to settle the Galilee
and the Negev, the continued
restructuring and renewal of
decaying neighborhoods and
blighted lives, and far-
reaching applications of com-
puter science to medicine and
research and development.
The next period will also be
marked by greater national
self-assurance and self-
sufficiency in the economic and
military fields. Israel has the
technological know-how to
produce its own sophisticated
and innovative military
weapons, thereby reducing its
dependence on American
military aid diverting some of
the attendant pressures from
American administrations.
Israelis in all walks of life are
saving both privately and
publicly that the country's um-
bilical ties to the United States
must be severed in order to
change the perceptions of
Israel as nothing more than a
vassal state of the U.S. in the
Middle East.
Israel may also be expected
to adopt a more critical and
less symbiotic relationship
with diaspora Jewry. At some
point, Israelis note, Israel will
nave to forego advice from
afar and paternalistic treat-
ment that characterizes
"checkbook Zionism." It will
no longer accept the status of a
poor relative from either the
U.S. Administration or
diaspora Jewry.
In short, ever more Israelis
are saying that Israel's rela-
tions with the world at large,
Jewish and non-Jewish, will re-
main correct but it will be less
reactive, less skittish and more
independent. It will be more
assertive in determining its
own domestic and foreign
needs based on what it
perceives as necessary for sur-
vival and growth, not as others
see it.
The consensus of many
Israelis is "We do our own dy-
ing and we'll do our own living,
unless there is someone out
there who wants to do the dy-
ing for us."
This is not a hard-nosed at-
titude, nor one of arrogance
and impudence. It is a declara-
tion of independence from
what Israelis feel are undue
pressures some refer to it as
"meddling" from all sides to
shape up according to an im-
age projected by others.
For 40 years Israel has been
beset by war and unremitting
and relentless terrorist attacks
in which thousands of Israelis
have been killed, wounded and
maimed. For 40 years fathers
have been saying kaddish for
their sons.
It has had to weather con-
tradictions, conflicts and ten-
sions between Ashkenazim
and Sephardim, secular and
religious, tradition and moder-
nity, overcrowded cities and
barren spaces in the Galilee
and Negev, shanty towns and
squalor in the shadows of posh
high rise apartments and com-
mericial buildings, Jews and
Arabs, dreams and realities,
hopes and fulfillments.
Through all this, Israel has
absorbed almost 2 million Jews
from 120 countries speaking
70 languages. But now, while
it continues to call for more
aliya, yerida (emigration) is
No other country in modern
history has had to contend
with so many diverse problems
and pressures. No other coun-
try could have withstood them
and still continue to survive
and progress. To compensate
for the uncertainty of life and
the fate of the nation, Israelis
chose to act as if they didn't
care what the rest of the world
thought about them.
They acted out an existence
that might have taken its cue
from a line in the Broadway
hit, "My Fair Lady," to
paraphrase, "Israelis don't ac-
tually care what anyone says
about them as long as it's pro-
nounced correctly?' But this is
beginning to change. Israelis
are becoming more reflective
and introspective, more sen-
sitive to interpersonal and in-
ternational relations.
Winds of change are blowing
throughout the country.
Ironically, the more changes
that are taking place the leas
they are noticed or alluded to
by the world at large. And
Israelis are angry about this.
The world media, for example
with the exception of the
Jewish media continue to
view Israel through the prism
of hard-headedness and
Israelis resent having their
country depicted as a
homogeneous entity best
represented by diehards and
rightwingers like Menachem
Begin, Ariel Sharon, Yitzhak
Shamir, Guela Cohen, the
Gush Emunim, West Bank
Jewish settlers, and a
rapacious and bellicose foreign
policy typified by the invasion
of Lebanon.
Headline hunters abroad
and unfortunately some even
in Israel continue to depict
Israel as uncaring, self-
centered, rambunctious and
hardbitten. They focus almost
exclusively on ethnic tensions
and conflicts, political im-
broglios, gyrations of politi-
cians, extremists, strikes and
anti-Palestinian activities.
But, Israelis point out, there
is "another Israel": people
who seek peace with the Arabs
and Palestinians, oppose West
Bank settlements, develop and
implement cultural enrich-
ment programs for Jews and
Arabs, seek to settle the
Negev and the Galilee, renew
and revitalize cities and the
lives of the poor, and share in-
dustrial, scientific and medical
advances with developing
For example, Israelis note,
there are about 50 societies in
Israel devoted to fostering
Jewish-Arab understanding.
Some of the more outstanding
ones are:
The veteran Beit Hagefen,
the Arab-Jewish center in
Haifa, which was created more
than 23 years ago by the late
Mayor Abba Khoushy and now
has some 20,000 registered
and paid-up members, 60 per-
cent of whom are Arabs and 40
percent Jewish. Neve
Shalom/Wahat Al Salam
(Oasis for Peace), a settlement
34 kilometers northwest of
Jerusalem where Jews and
Arabs live and work together
and which includes a School
for Peace from which more
than 10,000 students have
graduated since 1980; Givat
Haviva, a Mapam-oriented
study center for Jews and
Arabs; Hilai, the Israel Center
for Creative Arts which was
founded in 1984, active in
Maalot-Tershiha in the Galilee,
the only jointly administered
Jewish-Arab town in Israel,
and in Mitzpeh Ramon in the
In politics, more and more
Israelis are saying that Israel
will have to, and indeed
should, talk to the Palestine
Liberation Organization. This
view was until recently shunn-
ed and attacked by almost all
Israelis except for extreme
leftwing ideologues. This is no
longer so.
Minister- Without-Portfolio
Ezer Weizman, whose Yahad
Party joined the Labor Party
earlier this year, and Labor
MK Haim Ramon, an
outspoken dove, are calling for
talks with the PLO because,
they say, whether Israel likes
it or not, Palestinians by and
large accept the PLO as the
"sole legitimate represen-
tative of the Palestinian
Weizman was very blunt
about this. Talking to a group
of students recently, he said:
"I invite (PLO chairman Yasir)
Arafat to dial 242338 (a
reference to United Nations
Resolutions 242 and 338) and
to stop the shooting. Then I'll
be ready to sit down and talk

Rachel, a young Ethiopian Jew now living in Israel, displays
a photograph of her family left behind in Ethiopia. She
discovered the photo among ones brought to her school by
visitors who had been to her hometown in Ethiopia and had
photographed members of the village. Rachel says she likes
living in Israel with her sister, but that she is sad much of the
time due to her separation from the rest of the family. Cur-
rently, some 16,000 Ethiopian Jews live in Israel, but bet-
ween 7,000 and 10,000 remain in Ethiopia, waiting to be
peace with him. People who
say the PLO poses a danger to
Israel's security make me
laugh. To put it politely, that's
nonsense. We must sit down
with the Palestinians to find a
solution to the problem. What
can we do if Egypt, Jordan and
the Palestinians view the PLO
as their representative?"
Akiva Eldar of Haaretz
wrote recently: "We won't be
able to evade the questions of
Palestinian representation
forever. Unlike the interna-
tional (Mideast peace) con-
ference, which is merely a
skeletal framework, this is an
issue which touches the very
nature of the peace settlement
ultimately to be reached."
Meanwhile, Eldar noted,
Israel is "muzzling Palestinian
representatives who are con-
sidered 'authentic'"
Ze'ev Schiff, Haaretz's
respected military correspon-
dent, denounced "the sort of
gratuitous suppression that
arises from Israel's military
rule over more than one
million Palestinians." Referr-
ing to an incident last January
when Defense Minister Yit-
zhak Rabin prevented three
Erominent Palestinians who
ivor a peaceful solution to the
Mideast conflict from atten-
ding an international con-
ference on the Arab-Israeli
conflict in San Diego, Calif.,
Schiff wrote: "What's par-
ticularly troublesome in this
brouhaha is the hypocrisy of
same of our leaders, who claim
to be searching for moderate
Palestinians with whom to
conduct talks on resolving the
conflict. It may well be that
local Palestinian leaders can-
not, in fact, stand up to the ex-
treme wings of the PLO, or
even the more radical
elements with Fatah; but we
are doing everything in our
power to stop whatever ability
they have to do so."
Labor Party members of
Knesset, including Vice
Premier and Foreign Minister
Shimon Peres, Abba Eban and
Ora Namir are trying to put
together a peace front with
representative Palestinians
from the West Bank. The pro-
jected front calls for peace
within the framework of an in-
ternational conference which
would include "legitimate
representatives of Israel, Jor-
dan and the Palestinian
These statements were not
met by public derision and
relentless hostility as they
would have been in the past.
There was no public outcry
and no one demanded any
There are other winds of
change in the Labor Party.
There is the nucleus of a
"young guard" that is callng
for greater sensitivity to
Israel's poor, Sephardim,
Arabs, development towns,
and the reordering of
priorities away from West
Bank settlements to the settle-
ment of the Galilee and Negev.
This nucleus includes Peres'
advisors Nimrod Novik and
Yossi Beilin, and Maalot
Mayor Shlomo Buchout,
Sderot Mayor Amir Peretz,
and Yeroham Mayor Baruch
In addition, the Labor Party
received an infusion of new
and progressive blood when
Mayor Eli Dayan of Ashkelon
announced that he was joining
the party. The 37-year-old
mayor, a lawyer who was born
in Morocco and was a member
of the now defunct Democratic
Movement for Change and
Tami, twice won the municipal
election in the Likud-leaning
town. He said he plans to run
for the Knesset m the next
elections. In announcing that
he was joining Labor, Dayan
said that in the past the party
had closed itself off from
young leaders in development
towns, but that this was now
For many Israelis these
developments, which are
routinely unreported in the
foreign media, and many
others in the life of Israel,
represent the country's com-
ing of age. It is the end of the
Awards Made
Pamela Cohen, president of
the Union of Councils for
Soviet Jews, and Marilyn
Tallman, co-chairman of
Chicago Action for Soviet
Jewry, have received the
Raoul Wallenberg
Humanitarian Award here
from the Prince and Princes of

Page 20 The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County/Friday, April 24, 1987
Leonid Dov Zeliger: A Portrait Of Fortitude
Continued from Pag lfr
position and offered a choice of
four topics, one of which was
"Write a letter to a friend."
Mr. Zeliger wrote a letter to
his friend, Mr. Berkowitz, both
as an accompaniment to his
completed examination and as
part of the examination itself.
The examination was
transmitted to Mr. Zeliger
through Mr. Berkowitz, who
received the answers fully a
year later and brought them to
Dr. Grad and his faculty for
"correcting." To the amaze-
ment of everyone concerned,
the responses were of high
quality, written in fluent
modern Hebrew.
In his letter/essay, Mr.
Zeliger spoke of everyday life
in the Soviet Union and of the
almost beautifully routine ac-
tivities of his family, activities
that could occur anywhere. "I
Crown Heights
Continued from Page 10
"some have been valid, some
have been inappropriate. In
this precinct, we have an
organized civilian patrol
through the police depart-
ment. We've urged the Hasidic
patrol to sign up with the
police department and patrol
their own area. They'd have
radio contact with the police.
A handful has signed up with
the police," he said, "but the
majority are independent.
They communicate within
their own group, telling a resi-
dent to call police emergency
when necessary. Nobody ad-
mits to being armed."
The march, occurring on
Shabbat, stopped briefly at the
770 Eastern Parkway
Lubavitch headquarters,
where the Lubavitcher Rebbe,
Menachem Schneerson,
celebrating his 85th birthday,
was addressing a crowd
reported to number 10,000.
The demonstrators were kept
a block away from the
building. No incidents or ar-
rests were reported.
United Israel Appeal honored
former Rep. Michael Barnes of
Maryland at its annual
meeting April 7. Barnes was
feted for his leadership in Con-
gress in helping to obtain near-
ly $82 million in refugee reset-
tlement grants from the U.S.
government in the past four
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I BU pr wk p.p.. dbl. OCC.
P.O. BOX 317
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t14-2f2-tS4S or 242 4523
haven't written to you in a
long time," he explained in
flowing Hebrew, "because all
this time I was busy with
repairs to the apartment and
also I wanted to send the test
and it was rather difficult to
find material for the answers."
He went on to describe the
work he did to refurbish his
apartment, the harshness of
the Soviet winter, and other
fairly mundane matters that
one might expect to find in an
ordinary letter to an old
At the very end of the letter,
however, he added that "there
is no change in our situation
except that a month ago the
Office of Visas informed us
that our 'case' is 'closed com-
pletely and permanently,'
meaning that they will no
longer receive our request and
that this negative reply is
final. That's it."
The members of the Na-
tional Board of Licensing were
impressed and deeply moved.
Mr. Zeliger's Hebrew style
and the depth of his responses
were far beyond the expecta-
tions of anyone on the Board.
Those who had expected to
award Mr. Zeliger a purely
ceremonial certification were
thrilled to realize that he had
in fact fully earned his
In June 1986, therefore, the
National Board of License
issued a "Permanent
License," printed in English
and Hebrew calligraphy and
embossed with an official seal,
to Leonid Dov Zeliger. The
diploma indicates that Mr.
Zeliger "has fulfilled the re-
quirements prescribed by this
Board and ... is hereby
authorized to instruct in a
Hebrew school."
As a Hebrew teacher in the
Soviet Union, he currently
works with three groups of
students, according to Mr.
Berkowitz: people over 55,
young beginners and advanced
Hebrew teachers.
And recently, according to
the National Conference on
Soviet Jewry, an organization
dedicated to the release of all
"Refuseniks" who wish to
emigrate from the USSR, the
indefatigable Mr. Zeliger has
written a 671-page Hebrew
textbook which has been
smuggled out of the Soviet
Union and published in Israel.
Entitled Ivrit, which means
"Hebrew," it is written in Rus-
sian and Hebrew; includes
Aguda Rabbis
Warn On Mezuzahs
Concerned that thousands of
non-kosher mezuzahs have
been brought into the United
States from Israel, the Na-
tional Conference of Agudath
Israel Branch Rabbonim urges
recent purchasers to have
them checked with reputable
Hebrew scribes.
The letters in the parchment
of the mezuzahs are improper-
phonetics, grammar and
reading and writing exercises,
and has been hailed by scholars
as an "excellent fundamental
Mr. Zeliger continues
courageously to teach Hebrew
in the Soviet Union despite
government disapproval and
sanctions. Why does he do it?
In May 1986, Mr. Berkowitz
visited the Soviet Union again
and was given a message by
Mr. Zeliger to take back to
American Hebrew teachers.
No one can take your
language from you," Mr.
Zeliger said. "They can take
your house, car, job but
language will always be with
you. Language is not just
words but thoughts an ap-
proach to life both
psychological and social.
"Hebrew teachers all over
the world," he continued,
"share a kind of spiritual
brotherhood. We feel similar.
We are giving something im-
portant of high cultural
value and it lets Judaism
Ironically, Mr. Zeliger's at-
titude is in sharp contrast to
that of most Americans, who
are hardly rushing into the
teaching profession in general,
much less into Hebrew
teaching in particular. As Dr.
Grad observed, "If it is possi-
ble for a Russian Jew, under
adverse conditions with no ac-
cess to books but out of
strength of his determination
to achieve such results, im-
agine what we could do in the
United States, given our vast
resources. If only men and
women were half as eager to
become Hebrew teachers!"
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and their use technically does
not fulfill the mezuzah mitz-
rutlv Edge Lasagne
1 paXaoe (8 .cream cheese
y, cup milk
ia cup minced onion
l teaspoons dried basil
! teaspoon garlic ponder
i teaspoon dned oregano
2 cups broccoli tlorets
\ cup shredded carrots
y4 cup grated Parmesan cheese

For this lesson
in Italian we want to
insegnare (teach) you
how to select the best
pasta for your bambini
(children) and marito
Everything you
need to know can
be summed up in
one word: Ronzoni
(old family name)
1967 Ronzoni Foods Corporation
1 TjpHZONl
I > KlMi
rtOTEllE '24
For over 70 years,
Ronzoni* has used
only the finest, natu-
ral ingredients like
100% durum wheat
semolina in its pasta!
That's why all 70 ^
different shapes
and varieties
have a wonderful
sapore (flavor) and
robustezza (robustness).
JtpN'ONI f ^2
Ronzoni is also low in
cholesterol and has no
added salt. And its certified
Kosher and Parve so its
perfetto (perfect)
with all your meat or
cheese sauces.
Before we say c/ao
(goodbye), please tell us
everything you've learned.
Ronzoni Sono Buoni-
Ronzoni Is So Good*
Eccellente (excellent).
u Kosher and Parve

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