The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County

Material Information

The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County the voice of the Jewish community of Palm Beach County
Uniform Title:
Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County (Palm Beach, Fla. : 1985)
Place of Publication:
West Palm Beach, Fla
Fred K. Shochet
Creation Date:
September 20, 1985
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ;


Subjects / Keywords:
Jewish newspapers -- Florida ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Palm Beach (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Palm Beach County (Fla.) ( lcsh )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
newspaper ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Palm Beach -- Palm Beach


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 11, no. 27 (Sept. 13, 1985)-
Numbering Peculiarities:
Numbering in masthead and publisher's statements conflict: Feb. 20, 1987 called no. 4 in masthead and no. 8 in publisher's statement; Mar. 31, 1989 called no. 12 in masthead and no. 13 in publisher's statement.
General Note:
"Combining Our voice and Federation reporter."

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
This item is presumed to be in the public domain. The University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries respect the intellectual property rights of others and do not claim any copyright interest in this item. Users of this work have responsibility for determining copyright status prior to reusing, publishing or reproducing this item for purposes other than what is allowed by fair use or other copyright exemptions. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions may require permission of the copyright holder. The Smathers Libraries would like to learn more about this item and invite individuals or organizations to contact Digital Services ( with any additional information they can provide.
Resource Identifier:
44605643 ( OCLC )
sn 00229551 ( LCCN )

Related Items

Related Item:
Jewish Floridian
Preceded by:
Jewish Floridian (Palm Beach, Fla. : 1982)


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Peres Denounces Kahane's
Anti-Democratic Views
he interior of the Shrine of the Book at Jerusalem's Israel
fuseum, where the Dead Sea Scrolls are exhibited. WZPS
hoto by Richard Nowitz. (See related story on Page 13.)
Premier Peres has denounced
the philosophy of Kach Party
leader Meir Kahane as the
greatest danger to Israeli
democracy and vowed that us-
ing democratic means, "we
will fight against this incite-
ment and defend the values of
Israel, not only the land of
Kahane and his followers de-
mand the expulsion of Israel's
700,000 Arab citizens as well
as all Arabs living in the West
Bank and Gaza Strip. Address-
ing a meeting of educators at
Ramat Hasharon, Peres said,
"Never in my wildest dreams
did I ever imagine that
something so anti-Jewish,
which stands in such contradic-
tion of our historic heritage,
would arise in the State of the
Jewish people.
He described "Kahaneism"
as a "Sword of Damocles"
banging over a Jewish and
democratic Israel. An
organization which believes
that "might is right" and that
because "we are strong we'll
expel the Arabs, cannot know
who in the end will be
mightier," the Premier said.
He warned that those who
hate anyone who belongs to a
different people or who holds
different views "will end up
hating anyone who hold dif-
ferent views inside the coun-
try. Violence has no con-
straints," he said. He deplored
the apparent rise in popularity
of Kahane's movement. "I
.iever imagined that young
people and adults in Israel
would be attracted to this idol
worship," he said.
According to recent polls,
about 40 percent of Israeli
youths sympathize with
kahane's views and Kach,
which holds one Knesset seat,
would win five or six if elec-
tions were held now.
Jordan Vows To Curb
Terrorism Against Israel
American and West European
diplomats who recently confer-
red in Amman with King Hus-
sein and other Jordanian
leaders have conveyed to
Israel Jordan's assurance that
it will do everything possible to
prevent Palestinian terrorists
from attacking Israel from
Jordanian territory, Davar has
But, according to Davar,
political sources here have ex-
pressed doubt that Hussein
could in fact control terrorist
activity despite his good inten-
tions. The possibility of ter-
rorist activity across the
hitherto quiet Jordanian
border has arisen following the
return to Amman of several
elements of the Palestine
Liberation Organization
Abu-Iyad, PLO chief Yasir
Arafat's key aide, has denied
that the top PLO leadership
would move to Amman. He
said in an interview in the
United Arab Emirates
Continued on Page 11
Israeli Poll Shows
60% Favor Amnesty For Jailed Members Of Jewish Underground
fercent of the Israeli adult
plic favor amnesty for the
pprisoned members of the
fewish terrorist underground,
pie only 34 percent are
""unst their pardon, accor-
The Federation offices
will be closed at 2:00 p.m.
Ion Tuesday, Sept. 24 and
lall day Wednesday, Sept.
I25 in observance of Yom
Jewish Agency work
[affected by Israeli
I economy .. .page 2
ICommunity Rep reports
I on Project Renewal...
Page 3
Chaplain Aides program
in full swing... page 5
Update/Opinion... page 7
Jews on TV... page 8
Jewish fast days
"mined... page 11
Black/Jewish relations
ding to a public opinion poll
published in Maariv recently.
The poll was taken by the
Modi'in Ezrachi Research
A profile of the responders
indicated the usual breakdown
on such political questions
most of those in favor of
amnesty were said to be from
Asian and African countries or
the children of Oriental com-
munities, with lower education
and in the lower income
A further breakdown show-
ed that while people voting for
the Labor Alignment were
evenly split, 86 percent of
those who said they voted for
the Likud favor pardon, and 96
percent of Kach supporters
want the Jewish underground
prisoners pardoned.
A Hanoch and Rafi Smith
poll in the Jerusalem Post gave
results similar to that of a
Modi'in Ezrachi poll on the
popularity of political parties
that was published in Maariv
The Smith poll gives Labor
38 percent, with another 11
percent favoring small parties
"close to Labor," giving the
"Labor Bloc" 49 percent; the
Likud polled 22 percent;
Tehiya and Kach together, 22
percent: the religious parties
eight percent, giving what the
pollsters termed the "Likud-
religious bloc" 30 percent of
the total.
Examining the popularity of
Rabbi Meir Kahane, the
Smiths found that 20 percent
had a positive opinion of him,
17 percent had a "not so
positive opinion" and 58 per-
cent had a "very negative
El Al Conducts Safety Tests
JERUSALEM (JTA) El Al is conducting exhaustive safe-
ty tests on its Boeing jumbo jets, both on the ground and in the
air, in the aftermath of recent fatal accidents involving the
American-built aircraft.
The company's engineers are using X-ray and other
sophisticated equipment to search for invisible cracks in the
Pratt and Whitney engines that power the Boeing 737. Such
faults are believed responsible for the fire that destroyed a
British Airways 737 at Manchester Airport last month with the
loss of 50 lives.
Guided by the Boeing company's own crash data analysis, El
Al's overhaul unit at Ben Gurion Airport is also examining and
testing the engines of the larger 747 jets. Last month's Japan
Airlines crash that took more than 500 lives and the Air India
plane that crashed off the coast of Ireland in June were both
Boeing 747s.
"We religiously implement all of the bulletins regarding
safety regardless of cost," Arieh Fruchter, head of El Al's
overhaul unit, told The Jerusalem Post. With far fewer Israelis
flying abroad this summer because of the steep travel tax, El Al
cannot afford to ground its planes in peak season.
The Jewish Telegraphic Agency learned that some
maintenance work is being carried out in flight. Top technicians
aboard the planes monitor their performance while airborne.

Pay 2 The Jewish Floridjan of Palm Beach Co^ty/Friday, September 20, 1985

Jewish Agency Feeling Impact Of Government Austerity Program
Views Of Israel: Past and Present
Douglas Kleiner, campaign
director of the Jewish Federa-
tion of Palm Beach County,
recently had the opportunity
to visit Israel with a group of
campaign professionals from
around the country. Mr.
Kleiner served as an instructor
of a professional seminar with
the Institute for Leadership
Development in Israel, and he
attempted to put the present
state of the Israeli economy in-
to perspective.
"What is important for us to
understand," Kleiner said, "is
that the economic problems of
Israel didn't come out of thin
air. There are causes and ef-
fects in economic life."
Kleiner observed that until
1973 the Israeli gross national
product was growing at a
healthy 8-9 percent annual
rate. Calling the Yom Kippur
War of 1973 "the first blow,"
Kleiner noted that this conflict
crippled Israel's ability to pro-
mote capital formation and
forced the government to bor-
row large sums of money to
resupply a beleaguered air
force and to keep the country
running while its civilian army
was mobilized for many
Ironically, the economic
downturn intensified after the
1979 signing of the Camp
David accords, which Kleiner
estimates cost the government
of Israel between $12 and $13
billion, mostly in terms of
much-increased oil costs due to
the relinquishing of Sinai oil
fields. Kleiner pointed out that
the phased withdrawal from
the Sinai was staggeringly ex-
pensive for other reasons as
well. Two Sinai airfields had to
be rebuilt in the Negev, and
the government was responsi-
ble for resettling moshavim
populations, wheh were
uprooted after 10 to 12 years
of hard work settling the Sinai
and establishing communities
there. I
Kleiner concluded that the
Camp David treaty was
"essential to sign, and the
most expensive treaty in con-
temporary history, which the
Israelis have had to pay for, in
cash, by themselves."
"The economic shock of the
Yom Kippur War and the
Camp David accords is
something which is shaking us
today," Kleiner continued.
"The Israeli economy is in
trouble because unfortunately
there have been too many
wars, and, like all developing
countries of the world, they
were hit with an energy crisis.
Moreover, Israel has to try to
stay up-to-date militarily with
neighbors who are armed for
free with state-of-the-art
equipment by the Soviet
Union," and this requires a 20
percent chunk of the govern-
ment's budget, or about $5
billion this year.
Kleiner emphasized that the
current government austerity
program is designed to
stabilize the Israeli economy,
and he stressed the impact of
Century Village -
United Jewish Appeal
Jewish Federation of Palm Beach County
Our 1966 Federation-United Jewish Appeal campaign
at Century Village raised $250,000 a total for which we
can all be proud! For 1966 our total is "Plus 150" which
means a total of $400,000. We all know what Israel means
to Jews world-wide. We also know the value to the United
States of a firm, strong Israel.
We need help! We need you!
Century Village-United Jewish Appeal Committee
Emanual Appelbaum
Jack Appelbaum
Ida Barton
Teddy Blenden
Barney Cohen
Nathan Cohan
Joseph Fum
Bertha Goldman
Henry Grossman
Mr. A Mrs. Jake Nuaebaum
Abraham Sea ver
Mr. A Mrs. Joe Shaevitz
Aaron Shay
Eddie Starr
1. I will organize an entire area
2. I will assist in organizing an entire area
3. I will be responsible for the following buildings
Phone #
Pleaae return to: Wadler & Grossman, Co-Chairmen
Century Village-United Jewish Appeal
Jewish Federation of Palm Beach County
501 South Flagler Drive, Suite 305
West Palm Beach, Florida 33401
The City of David dig site has revealed a stone wall built in the time of Solomon.
This home in Metulla, facing
the Lebanese border, is rein-
forced with steel walls to
deflect bullets and shells.
the belt-tightening on the
work of the Jewish Agency in
Israel: "After 1973, slowly but
progressively, available
governmental funds for
health, education and general
welfare in Israel were frozen,
and even decreased. In
response, beyond its tradi-
tional responsibilities in Israel
in the areas of immigration,
absorption and rural settle-
ment, the Jewish Agency tried
to protect certain segments of
the needy population by taking
over some of the progran.s
which the government could
no longer afford, especially
those which deal with the aged
and disadvantaged children.
Today with the austerity pro-
gram there are some extreme
cutbacks affecting health,
education and welfare ser-
vices, and the work of the
Jewish Agency is becoming
even more important and vital
to Israeli society, not so much
because the Jewish Agency is
doing more, but because the
government is doing leas."
The budget of the Israeli
government includes $9 billion
allocated to pay off ac-
cumulated debt from borrow-
ing after the Yom Kippur War
and the energy crisis and $5
billion for defense, Kleiner
noted, leaving slightly less
than $3 billion in "disposable,"
unrestricted reserves after the
$7 billion budgeted for a
relatively static system of
human services is substr acted.
"And that $7 billion is for
everything," Kleiner emphasiz-
ed. "That's for the entire
judicial system, the entire
system of public education,
roads, sewers, in every Israeli
At Israel's border with Lebanon, an army jeep spreads a thin
layer of dust over a perimeter road in order to expose the
footprints of infiltrators.
and Israeli-Arab community,
Kleiner went on to note that
the money raised last year for
the Jewish Agency equals
almost 20 percent of the
"disposable" income available
to the Israeli government.
"This is very significant," in-
sisted Kleiner. "What makes it
even more significant is that
the Jewish Agency is doing
very specific kinds of things
with the money. For example,
60 percent of the dollars being
spent in Israel on disadvantag-
ed youth or lads in trouble are
Jewish Agency dollars."
Kleiner cited three Jewish
Agency programs which could
serve more people with in-
creased support. Noting that
four youth aliyah villages clos-
ed last year due to lack of
money in the national budg-
et for updated vocational
equipment, Kleiner observed
that while 18,000 youngsters
are being served by youth
aliyah, another 4,000 young
people are shut out from the
program due to lack of funds.
"It's tough to know that there
are 4,000 kids who should be is
this program and aren't,
because youth aliyah save*
kids. It's simply a money
Jewish Agency efforts in the
areas of immigration, absorp-
tion and housing are also being
affected by the current
economic crisis. "We've got
terrible housing problem a
Israel which hurts the pro-
gram of the Jewish Agency
because we haven't got apart
ments or flats to move people
into, which means they stay
the absorption centers longer
- and we don't have money
build new absorption centers,
i Continued on Page 19-
The Midrasha Judaica High School will hold their annual
Succoth Bar-B-Q on Wednesday, Oct. 2, 6 p.m. at The
Jewish Community Day School, 5801 Parker Avenue, West
Parni Beach. Regular classes will then be held from 7:30
p.m. to 9:30 p.m.
The Midrasha Judaica High School is sponsored by the
Jewish Education Committee'of the Jewish Federation of
Palm Beach County, in cooperation with local synagogues
and the Jewish Community Day School.

Friday, September 20,1985/The Jewfth Floridiah of Palm Beach'County Page 3
4 Lifetime Friendship
Palm Beach County and Hod HaSharon
Elizabeth Homans, Project
[Renewal's community
representative to Palm Beach
and South Broward Counties,
has for many years thrived on
involvement and work in the
Jewish community. Having
made aliyah to Israel with her
family in June, 1983 after fall-
ing in love with the land and
the people upon first visiting
Israel in 1980, Elizabeth found
that she had too much time on
her hands, despite her nursing
duties at a Be'er Sheva
hospital. Living and working
in Israel was a dream come
true for her, but she missed
the spiritual fulfillment she'd
known as an active member of
the Women's Division of the
South Broward Federation
and as a leader in the B'nai
B'rith Women's group.
Ms. Homans remembered,
"At one point when Sumner
Kaye (executive director of the
South Broward Jewish
Federation) was in Israel, I
said I missed communal work,
and he said, 'Maybe you could
go to Hod HaSharon and find
something to do in Giora or Gil
Amal (two Project Renewal
neighborhoods).' Despite the
hour and a half drive, I jumped
at the offer. I knew the ideas
behind Project Renewal, and
what I saw for me was the op-
portunity to get involved and
to make a connection between
Israel and the Diaspora."
So Elizabeth Homans went
to Hod HaSharon, and during
the first two days of touring
th two neighborhoods, she
was very impressed.
"In Giora," Ms. Homans
remembered, "I witnessed the
first election of a
neighborhood committee.
After watching the residents
make decisions that were go-
ing to affect their lives, I said
to myself 'This is great!' "
Ziona Kemmelman, the pro-
ject manager, took Elizabeth
| to see the day care centers, the
early childhood enrichment
programs and the senior
centers, and the more she saw
the more Ms. Homans wanted
to get involved. But how?
As she and Ziona were
discussing possible roles,
Shmuel Itzhok walked in and
Ziona said, "I think I've got it
for you." Itzhok is a madrich
who works with disadvantaged
youngsters in Gil Amal, and
after agreeing to help him,
ElizaMh wondered if she'd
gotten in over her head as she
anxiously awaited the first
Wednesday "on the job."
"I wondered how I was go-
ig to relate with these kids
without knowing the language
well," recalled Ms. Homans.
As it turned out, "the guys
accepted me right away, but
e girls saw me as a threat;
however, after three or four
weeks everything was fine,"
Homans said.
Ms. Homans described her
m* at the moadon (youth
center) by saying, "I wasn't a
counselor, but I brought them
| pother element. Part of the
mporuince for these kids was
"P. fact that I, an American
"ving near Be'er Sheva, came
w^' LAmal specifically to be
2L m- l became a part of
"*">: I met their families and
*as accepted into th?
ESZStf^bi RenJ6Wal ProP-. thousands of children,
teenagers, adults and senior citizens have received a new
nnizmi niuinnn xviun
this has been accomplished,
but there are still steps that
need to be taken.
"The people have come far
enough to hold elections and
make decisions and become in-
volved on committees that af-
fect them. But they still have
outside guidance. They don't
do this alone. Nevertheless,
because of Project Renewal,
the mayors of municipalities
with neighborhoods in trouble
have been made aware of the
people's needs and in turn the
residents have become more
involved with the municipali-
ty," Homans said.
Noting that Project Renewal
sets goals for the holistic re-
juvenation of targeted com-
munities, Ms. Homans added,
"While we're helping them
build a better place physically,
we need to bring them up
socially, and that's where the
social programming comes
Ms. Homans then listed an
impressive array of social
welfare programs currently in
operation in Giora and Gil
Amal. Beginning with prenatal
care for pregnant mothers and
early childhood development
programs, almost every aspect
of individual growth and
socialization is addressed by
Project Renewal programs.
The newborn program
assesses infants' needs, and
workers simultaneously help
instruct mothers on infant
care, dispelling dangerous but
persistent myths.
Ms. Homans noted that on
Sept. 1 the Jeanne and Irwin
Levy Day Care Center opened
in Giora with 60 eager children
participating. Special after-
school tutoring programs help
formerly disinterested
students catch up
"In the beginning," Homans
recalled, "70 percent of the
children tested in each
neighborhood were below the
Israeli standards of learning.
Three years later, that figure
has been cut to 40 percent.
This year we have your^ters
from the program attending
university and people going to
vocational school, learning to
be nurses and teachers. There
"These kids have problems
in their lives, in school, with
their families, with
themselves," she continued.
"There aren't as many kids in
the program now as there
were at the beginning, and this
is a very positive sign. Every
kid who comes now is present-
ly in a learning situation,
whether it's school or a voca-
tional program. These are
the same types of kids who, at
the beginning of Project
Renewal, were not learning,
were on the street. The
Moadon has given them a place
to feel free, a place simply to
When the opportunity arose
for Elizabeth Homans to
become the Project Renewal
community representative for
the Hod HaSharon
neighborhoods, the residents
were thrilled that they'd be
seeing her more than once a
week. Judging from the
positive response to Homans'
dialogue with the Federation
staff, the twin community here
in Palm Beach Couinty is also
very pleased.
"I want to be in Hod
HaSharon as much as possi-
ble," Ms. Homans explained,
"because I'm involved with the
community meetings. It's a big
responsibility to know exactly
what's going on. By being visi-
ble, a trust has developed bet-
ween me and the people who
live there, between me and the
project staff, and between me
and the municipality. Working
with the kids like I did gave me
the opportunity to know the
residents and to understand
the true concept of Project
On her three-week visit to
South Florida, Ms. Homans
has been busy reporting on
Project Renewal's ac-
complishments. Assessing the
program for the Jewish Flort-
dian, she said, "The value of
Project Renewal has been im-
measurable in these two
neighborhoods. The goal was
to improve upon what existed,
to help the people establish a
better self-image and be able
to control their own lives and
become a part of the communi-
ty at large. To a great extent
lease on life and the tools with which they can control their
is an entirely different attitude
toward education now. Before
Project Renewal, by the time
the kids were 16, they were
out of school; they were delin-
quent, in trouble with drugs, in
trouble with the law."
Ms. Homans went on to
describe the afternoon home
center program for youngsters
whose home-life is lacking.
And the social programming is
available to senior citizens,
who Ms. Homans admits in-
itially had difficulty dealing
with the changes, even though
they were positive ones.
Yet even these elderly
citizens, coming from an en-
tirely different cultural
background, can now read and
write Hebrew, and there are
two senior centers, one in each
neighborhood, which are buzz-
ing with activity daily.
"Because of Project
Renewal," Ms. Homans con-
cluded, "a difference has been
made in these peoples' lives.
They were once closed off with
no real future, no light at the
end of the tunnel. Now a whole
new world has been opened up
for them. Through all the pro-
gramming and encouragement
the people are realizing that
they don't have to wait for so-
meone else to speak up or to do
for them."
Admitting that attention to
Project Renewal was deflected
recently due to emergencies
such as the Lebanon War and
Operation Moses, Ms. Homans
nevertheless observed that
"even in the back seat during
the emergency campaigns,
Project Renewal received con-
tinuing financial and emotional
support. People like Jeanne
and Irwin Levy and Michael
Burrows, who have been in-
volved in the project from the
beginning, never faltered.
Their support and belief in the
project is ongoing."
Although Project Renewal
activities in Hod HaSharon
have been going on for five
years, Ms. Homans noted,
"It's only in the last year to 18
months that we're beginning
to see a real change in the
residents taking an active role.
It took a while. It didn't hap-
pen overnight, and those ac-
tive roles are just beginning.
Even though we've come so
far, there's still a long way to
go. We're trying to help the
residents understand their
responsibility, not only to
themselves, but also to the
twin communities in the U.S.
that have provided them with
the vehicle to reach the point
at which they've arrived."
Elizabeth Homans, our com-
munity's representative in
Hod HaSharon.
Ms. Homans then pointed
out that the originally-planned
"phase-out" of Project
Renewal after five years of
"twinning" should not be con-
sidered in Hod HaSharon.
"The fact is," she said, "that
the connection made between
Palm Beach County and the
residents in Giora and Gil
Amal is forever. The people-to-
people friendship, which is the
heart of the Project Renewal
philosophy, has been establish-
ed, and I don't see the connec-
tion stopping. It's an ongoing
program. The physical
facilities that have been and
soon will be built must be
maintained, and the input
from the Palm Beach County
community is vital as far as the
maintenance of the social pro-
gramming is concerned.
"We can't back away from
our responsibility to Project
Renewal because the five
years are over. We don't see
the programming phasing out,
per se, because everything is
not done. What we hope for is
that the twin community will
in the future be able to step
back and share the successes
of the people as they take
responsibility for themselves."
Ms. Homans noted that the
proposed multi-purpose facili-
ty in Gil Amal which will
house an early childhood
enrichment center, a senior
citizens' center and a youth
club will require a signifi-
cant financial and emotional
Describing herself as an
idealist, she added, "We all
have a dream for the future of
our own people. We have the
dream that all our children will
Continued on Page 19

Page 4 The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County/Friday, September 20, 1985
Focusing On
The Extremes
The most important thing to understand about the media is
that it loves a bizarre story. That is why Meir Kahane's threats
make television screens and newspapers far more often than
Prime Minister Shimon Peres" calls for peace through
A few months ago, I asked an American journalist (who had
just been assigned to his magazine's Jerusalem bureau) if he in-
tended to write about Israel's decent majority every now and
then. Or would he continue the tradition of focusing on the coun-
try's lunatics.
The reporter agreed that the good people in Israel con-
stituted the majority of the population by far. But. he added:
"They are not where the action is. There is a different Israel, a
new Israel. Kahane and his supporters, religious extremists,
crazies of every stripe. They are the story today."
I asked him how he would cover the United States if he were
a foreign journalist. Would he write about the increasingly
tolerant majority or would he focus on those who are bent on
creating a religiously homogenous, intolerant America? He said
that he would certainly focus on the latter. "Those people are
organized and they are growing more powerful. Besides, nuts
make better copy."
I couldn't be too angry with the reporter. He was simplv
speaking the truth. Nor did I want to echo Spiro Agnew and
others like him who consistently attacked the media for repor-
ting on what's wrong with America, rather than on what's right
with it. After all, I don't want to watch newscasts about the day-
to-day doings of the good people who made America work.
Nevertheless, there is something truly peculiar about the
media's fixation on all that is ugly about Israel. Perhaps there is
growing intolerance in the Jewish state. But Israel is far from
alone in that regard. Take a look at our neighbors to the north, in
Canada. The New York Times Aug. 20, carried a story on the ex-
odus of English-speakers from a part of Quebec. It was not a ma-
jor story, nor is it a new one. Since taking control of Quebec 15
years ago, the Parti Quebecois has imposed the French language
on the English-speaking minority. In cities like Montreal and
Quebec City, language police actually monitor shopkeepers to
make certain that they are doing business in French, while the
outsides of their establishments are inspected to ensure that
French is inscribed on the storefronts.
The Times article points out that young English-speaking
Quebecers have a hard time finding jobs as employers prefer hir-
ing native "Francophones" (French-speakers). Slowly, but in-
evitably, the English-speakers are leaving Quebec for other pro-
vinces. They have been leaving for the past 15 years.
This development just a few hours by car from upstate
New York should be of significant interest to American jour-
nalists. But it isn't. Journalists do not consider Canada to be a
very interesting place and don't devote much space to events
there. It is not Israel.
Imagine, though, if Israel started imposing Hebrew on its
Arab minority. If it started putting restrictions on the use of
Arabic; if it officially discriminated against Arabic speakers.
Just suppose Arabic-speaking children in parts of Israel had no
schools to attend (as the Times reports is the case with English-
speaking children in parts of Canada) and had to study in
Hebrew. Can you imagine the press uproar?
In Israel, however, Arabic is an official language of the coun-
try. It is the equal of Hebrew, which is imposed on no one. Of
course, the situations in Israel and in Canada are much different
The battle between the English and the French for control of
Canada ended in 1763. The Arab war against Israel has con-
tinued on and off for the last 50 years. Since January, 14
Israelis have been killed inside the country by terrorists. Never-
theless, Israel remains a fundamentally tolerant country -
albeit one with its share of oddballs, fanatics, and crackpots. The
real story is not why Israel under siege as it has always been
includes in its body politic a viciously racist fringe. The story is
how, despite everything, it has managed to preserve democracy
and keep the fringe far from power. Other countries, with far
less provocation, have done far worse.
(Near East Report)
An Answer To Israel
Jewish floridian
of Palm Beach County
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Friday, September 2to' 1985 5 TISHRI5746
Volume 11 Number 28
Sen. Inouye (D., Hi.) is the
ranking Democratic member of
the Senate appropriations sub-
committee on foreign aid. This
article is excerpted from his
address at a breakfast session
of ADL's National Commis-
sion meetings.
Economic and financial forces
threaten to do what hostile
neighbors have tried to do in three
wars and 37 years of unremitting
armed antipathy towards Israel.
There is no question that Israel is
militarily strong and confident,
but in talking with their leaders I
see a concern that economic
weakness and the almost insur-
mountable difficulty of confron-
ting a complex array of financial
problems may force them to alter
the very character of the govern-
ment and the society.
Americans should begin to ad-
dress the contradiction that
Israel, in order to avoid destruc-
tion by more numerous and better
equipped adversaries, has been
forced by us to spend itself close
to ruin. I believe that we must act
in the American national interest
not in the interest of Israel but
in our national interest to in-
sure that the weight of debt does
not crush this little democracy and
center of freedom in the Middle
I am convinced that Israel is in
danger despite steps which have
been taken. For example, there
has been a 20 percent pay cut for
all government employees. The
ambassador of the State of Israel,
who receives less than $15,000 a
year, is the lowest paid am-
bassador in our nation's capital.
THERE HAS been a reduction
in government forces in excess of
20,000 employees, apd for a small,
" country- like Israel,' 2u,OJ0O,. is;
possibly the equivalent of 400,000'
in the United States. The Bank of
Israel is in the process of being
reorganized to become more
autonomous and independent. A
major charge made against the
government of Israel was that the
Bank was the arm of the cabinet.
That is going to change.
The State of Israel owes other
governments $24 billion. This is
equal to its annual gross national
product and 678 percent more
than its annual export earnings.
Total debt service today is about
$4 billion per year, slightly more
than 40 percent of the Israeli
budget, and about 27 percent of
that is debt service to the U.S.
This year, Israel will repay the
United States $158 million in prin-
cipal, and $1,018 million in in-
terest. Over the next several
years these amounts will increase.
If the repayment schedule is not
changed by the year 2020. Israel
will have paid the United States
$28,897 billion in principal and in-
terest. This debt is almost totally
in the form of military sales
impression that we just give
money to Israel. On the contrary.
Israel has been paying prime rates
when dozens of other countries -
many not necessarily friendly to
the United States receive
preferred concessionary rates.
The burden of this debt and the
impact upon Israel's security and
stability cannot and should not be
underestimated. And. these pur
chases by Israel, were made for
military hardware which is being
used in the front line of American
defense the Middle East. We
conveniently forget that.
In total, Israel's per capita debt
is the highest in the world. The
frightening prospect of repaying
this debt is compounded with the
recognition that the external
forces caused Israel to go
into debt have not changed.
In the past ten years, Israel's
economy was dealt three severe
blows. First, the cost of petroleum
sharply increased following the
return of the Sinai as a result of
the Camp David Accords. The cost
of energy imports increased from
$100 million in 1972 to $1 billion,
500 million in 1984.
ABOUT SIX months after the
signing of the Accords, I told
Prime Minister Menachem Begin
that I thought Israel had gotten a
bum deal. For the first time in the
history of mankind, a country was
literally forced let's face it, we
told them what do do to give up
lands that were acquired by con-
quest, land adjacent to theirs, in-
volved in their external security.
Certainly, the U.S. gave up the
Philippines, halfway around the
world, but we refused to give up
Puerto Rico, California, Arizona
or New Mexico.
At the time the Accords were
signed there were other
agreements, not in writing but by
handshake. One told Israel to give
up the Sinai oil wells, and the
U.S. would make certain that
Israelis would not suffer from the
loss. Soon after that the
world faced an oil
Americans lined up at gas
and we forgot Israel's pre
because we were concerned
our own. Israel, not able ton,
its neighbors for oil. turned
Netherlands and paid the
Then the U.S. told Israel J
we would replace two airfieldsi,
the Sinai. Construction bea]
and so did inflation, fueled bv
oil crisis. The U.S. said our am
ment was strictly for the cost at
1972 In 1972, Israeli defet
spending was $1.5 billion It
now $4.5 billion for expendi
needed to maintain a dete
and a defense capability
an enormous Arab build
financed by oil dollars and
Soviet Union. Israel has increj
her defense expenditures th
fold; the Arabs, 700 percent
ing the same time period. Thefo|
largest importers of arms in u,
world today are Arab countries-
Libya, Syria, Saudi Arabia, Irari
IN 1981. I asked the
Undersecretary of State for
Continued on Page 5
Asher Kashri is one of many Israelis who lost their jobs dui
ing the continuing national economic crisis. He is concerned
but hopeful about being able to support his wife and daughter
at their home in Kiryat Shmona in Israel's Galilee. Tie
Jewish Agency, which receives msot of its funds front United
Jewish Appeal/Federation Campaigns, plans to build high-
f*yyt3E*ydJ communities in the Galilee, but needs addi-
tional funds. Such communities will alleviate unemployment
and improve Israel's ability to compete in other countries
Fueling The Flames
The Egyptian government
has made clear its unam-
biguous condemnation of the
murder of an Israeli diplomat
in Cairo. However, the official
condemnation does not alter
the fact that the Egyptian
press has been fueling the
flames of anti-Israel, anti-
Jewish hatred despite the for-
mal peace which exists bet-
ween the two nations. Accor-
ding to Ha'aretz (Aug. 22), a
recent article by Ihsan Abdul
(Judus, whose columns appear
regularly in Cairo, called Israel
the unnatural country." It
said that Israel has no right to
exist and that it will meet the
same fate as the Crusaders'
state which existed in the land
of Israel for 200 years and
then was subjugated.
Ha'aretz also pointed out
that the PLO's spokesperson
m Egypt, Ahmad Sidqui Al-
Dajam, is a regular contributor
to Al Ahram where he
describes the supposed crimes
of Israelis, Jews, and Zionists.
It adds that the rhetoric of the
"Revolution in Egypt"'
organization, which claimed
"credit" for the assassination
of the Israeli diplomat, could
have been lifted whole from re-
cent articles in the Egyptian
The Mubarak government
must understand that words,
especially fiery rhetoric, have
consequences. It probably can
not control every vicious anti-
Israel attack in the "oppoa
tion press." However, it cm
and should take action to stop
the dissemination of anti-
Semitic and anti-Israel pro-
paganda in the mass circula-
tion dailies and weeklies. Such
propaganda helps foster
climate of hate a climate
conducive to murder.
(The preceding editorial ty
peared in Near East Report!

Radio/TV/ Him
MOSAIC Sunday, September 22, 9 a.m. WPTV
Channel 5 with host Barbara Gordon.
L'CHAYIM Sunday, September 22, 7:30 a.m. WPBR
1340-AM with host Rabbi Mark S. Golub The Jewish
Listener's Digest, a radio magazine.
SHALOM Sunday, September 22, 6 a.m. WPEC
Channel 12 (11:30 a.m. WDZL TV 39) with host Richard
Wednesday, September 25, 10 p.m. WXEL Channel 42.
The personal history and intriguing intellectual life of
Jacob Bronowski, creator of the landmark television series
The Ascent of Man are examined.
ISRAELI PRESS REVIEW Thursday, September 26,
1:15 p.m. WLIZ 1340-AM. A summary of news and com-
mentary on contemporary issues.
Sponsored by the Jewish Federation of Palm Beach
September 22
Golden Lakes Temple Sisterhood 10 a.m.
September 23
Jewish Family and Children's Service 7:30 p.m. Temple
Beth El Sisterhood board 7:30 pm. Women's American
ORT Poinciana noon Jewish Community Day School -
executive board 7:45 p.m. Women's American ORT -
Mid Palm -1 p.m. B'nai B'rith Women Boynton Beach -
board 12:30 p.m. Temple Judea
September 24
Erev Yom Kippur Hadassah Bat Gurion 10 a.m.
Women's American ORT Lakes of Poinciana board -
12:20 p.m.
September 25
Yom Kippur
September 26
Jewish Federation Community Relations Council
Meeting noon Jewish Community Center Family Suk-
kot dinner 5:30 p.m. Hadassah Tikvah 1 p.m.
Women's American ORT West Palm Beach board 9:30
a.m. Temple Judea Sisterhood Temple Judea Men's
Club board
For more information on the above meetings call the
Jewish Federation office 832-2120.
Golan Heights Traffic
May Be Closed at Night
JERUSALEM (JTA) Certain areas of the Golan
Heights may be closed to nighttime traffic as a means of
preventing terrorist incursions. The army is considering
the measure which would affect Jewish settlers and Druze
SENIOR OFFICERS of the Israel Defense Force
discussed the idea last week with leaders of the Jewish set-
tlements and found them favorably disposed. Although the
Golan Heights have been peaceful in recent years, the up-
surge of terrorist incidents elsewhere has raised concern
that it too might become a target.
Chief of Staff Gen. Moshe Levy and other senior of-
ficers toured the region following a special meeting of the
IDF high command in the Israeli border town of Kiryat
Shemona. The meeting was held there as a demonstration
of IDF attention to the security of the northern villages.
Ex-SS Member Severely Injured
_ PATERSON. N J fWNSl tion at a hospital here after being
Tscherim Soobwkow the 61 vear- "tiured when a Pipe bon CXP
wl? -bornfoS^memtSof at his home early on the mom-
* Waffen SS is listed, according >"K of Au" 15"
atest reports, in critical condi-
Friday, September 20,1985/The Jewish Floridian of .Palm Beach County : Page 5
Chaplain Aides
Sound Of The Shofar Stirs Activity
In Institutionalized Community
The sound of the Shofar
stirs many areas of activity in
Palm Beach. Not among the
least, is the renewed activity in
facilities for the aged nurs-
ing and retirement homes and
hospitals. The Rosh Hashanah
and Yom Kippur Services pro-
vided by Palm Beach Jewish
Federation Chaplaincy under
the direction of Rabbi Alan R.
Sherman will, in a sense, mark
the beginning of the so-called
"Palm Beach Season" for the
elderly in the institutionalized
During the summer months,
Jeanne Glasser, co-chair of the
Federation Chaplain Aide Pro-
gram, juggled a severely
reduced number of Chaplain
Aides to provide Sabbath Ser-
vices in an expanding list of
facilities for the aged. She
reports that there are 26 at
this time. A loval "band of
aides," despite the onslaught
of summer sun and storms,
stuck to their rounds, main-
taining the health of the
Chaplain Aide Program by
one-to-one friendly visiting at
hospitals and "homes" and ex-
ercising their talents at Sab-
bath services. At a recent
meeting on Sept. 3 the com-
mittee made assignments for
the conducting of High Holy
Day services. Following is a
list of their names and the nur-
sing homes and institutions
Maishe and Nettie Stein,
Atlantis Nursing and Con-
valescent Center; Norman and
Tillie Mutterperl, Boulevard
Manor Nursing Home; Phil
and Rita Sher and Sam Olen,
The Convalescence Pavilion of
Jupiter; Charles and Alice
Kurland, Convalescent
Center; Murray and Bea Kern,
Darcy Hall, Lakeview Manor
and Lake Worth Health Care
Center; Lou and Cynthia
Mashioff, Eason Nursing
Home and Ridge Terrace
Health Care Center; Florence
Poel and Ilsa Mollen, Florida
Four Seasons Manor, Inc.
Other nursing homes and in-
stitutions served are Al
Stillman, King David Center,
Palm Beach County Home and
Royal Manor Nursing Home;
Joe and Evelyn Donner,
Lakeside Health Care Center;
Harry and Estelle Berger,
Manor Health Care Nursing
Home; Phil and Rita Sher and
Bea Lebson, Noreen McKeen
Residence; Sid and : Sylvia
Berger, Medicana Nursing
Jeanne Glasser
Center; Frank and Ethel
Shapiro, West Palm Beach
Village Care Center; Sam
Jungries, Sutton's Home for
the Aged; Rabbi Alan R. Sher-
man, Glades Correctional In-
stitution, Lantana Correc-
tional Institution and the
Joseph L. Morse Geriatric
Persons interested in joining
the ranks of the Chaplain
Aides may call the office of
the Chaplain at Palm Beach
Jewish Federation (832-2120).
An Answer To Israel
Continued from Page 4*
Security Assistance, James
Buckley, what impact the provi-
sion of advanced military equip-
ment such as enhanced F-15s and
the AW ACS to the Arab countries
would have on Israel. The official
response of the government was
that the threat could be met
through the purchase of additional
F-15s, F-16s or other mixes that
the Israeli military may believe to
be necessary or desirable. I told
the Secretary that the implica-
tions of this policy were ominous.
Our arms sales policy will only
put Israel further and further into
debt and will engage Israel in a
war of economic attrition which it
cannot possibly win. With their
enormous oil wealth, all the Arabs
have to do is to purchase more
arms. Israel, already indebted,
will not be able to keep up.
This is the most severe of the
blows which have been dealt to the
Israeli economy over the past ten
years. Gradually, Israel has mort-
gaged control over the economy
to its creditors, the largest, the
United States of America. The
amount of principal to be paid at
high interest rates for a pro-
tracted period obviously will
undermine Israel's ability to deal
with its current crisis.
I HAVE a very simple proposal
which I've discussed with several
of my colleagues. The interest
rates in Israel's loan portfolio
range from 11 to 15 percent, all
prime rates with a weighted
average of 12 percent. My pro-
posal would reduce this 12 percent
to five. We have accorded this
treatment to other countries
where the economic conditions
were such that repayment would
be difficult. This amendment
would not forgive Israel its debt.
Israel would continue to repay
the interest, but at five percent,
reducing the interest charges over
the life of the existing portfolio by
$8,417 billion. That would make a
significant impact on the economy
of this little state which would be
strengthened in its ability to han-
dle both emergency and long-term
economic concerns. Just cutting
interest rates to five percent
would cut Israel's spending on
debt service in half. In turn, this
would reduce the need to borrow
to finance debt and increase the
availability of funds for defense
and other essential services.
And, more important, the peo-
ple of Israel would be strengthen-
ed in their conviction that the
United States supports them and
recognizes their very real
sacrifices for peace in the Middle
East. We have been sending
garbled, conflicting messages
over the years. For example, our
President, Secretary of State or
members of Congress would say:
"We stand by Israel; we will de-
fend Israel to the last man; Israel
is important; it is the only
democracy." Then we sell the
AW ACS, the enhanced F-15s.
IT'S TIME we sent a strong,
clear, unhampered message that
we stand by Israel and I think, by
this proposal to cut the interest
rate, that message would be sent.
One of my colleagues called my
proposal "an extraordinary and
unprecedented step." But what if,
for comparison, we put the Israeli
appropriations under the Defense
Department. We give $129 billion
to NATO compared to $3 billion to
Israel. What do we get from
NATO and what do we get from
Israel? When Israel gave us the
secret on how to knock out the
Russian SAM missile sites, that
made up for more than $4 billion.
When the Israelis captured ar-
maments enough to supply five
PLO armies, that set back the
Soviets for many years. That
meant something to us. We've
been getting our money's worth
from the standpoint of in-
telligence information from the
Mossad, versus intelligence infor-
mation from NATO. There's no
UJA Young Women's Leadership Retreat
Penny Beers (front row, fifth from left) and Julie Cummings
(back row, fifth from right), members of the local Jewish
community, recently attended the UJA Young Women's
Leadership Cabinet annual retreat at the Hudson River Con-
ference Center in Ossining, New York. Both women have
been very active in many facets of our local federation, with
Ms. Beers serving as co-chair of this year's Jewish Women's
Assembly and Ms. Cummings serving this past year as cam-
paign vice-president of Women's Division.

Page The Jewish Floridly of Pahn Beach Coimty/Friday, September 20, 1985 WonWil '8 DiviSWH PlailH OutreOCk Dty
Single Parents, Children of Divorce Targeted
JFCS Offers Support Groups
"From what you see on
television and in the movies,
you'd think that getting a
divorce was some yellow brick
road to personal growth and
happiness; all the stories of
personal freedom and hap-
piness; the joys of being single,
the good sex life out there; the
jokes about falling off the mar-
riage merry go round and hav-
ing fun. The great new life.
"But ask someone who's
been through it. There is
nothing funny or easy about
divorce. It is a savage emo-
tional journey. Where it ends,
you don't know for a long
time." (From the prologue of
Crazy Times Surviving
Divorce, by Abigail Trafford.
Divorce is painful for the en-
tire family. Jewish Family and
Children's Service of Palm
Beach County, Inc. would like
to help by announcing the for-
mation of two support groups.
Support groups can be ex-
tremely effective in helping
single parents cope with
anger, guilt, loneliness, rejec-
tion and single parenting. A
Single Parent Support Group
will begin on November 13, at
7:30 p.m. Sandy Grunther,
MSW, LCSW will be the group
leader. Mr. Grunther has had
extensive experience in
counseling families in crisis
and has led this group several
For the first time, Jewish
Family and Children's Service
will be offering a support
group for Children Of Divorce.
Children will learn how to deal
with this stressful time
through professionally led
group discussion and games.
This seven-session group will
be under the direction of Bar-
bara Friedlander, MSW, who
has had past experience with
children's groups at Jewish
Family Service in several
Virginia cities. The Single
Parent Support Group and
Children Of Divorce Support
Group will meet at the same
time and location so parents
and children of the same fami-
ly can both attend if so desired.
Prescreening and preregistra-
tion is required and will take
place in late September and
October. The fee is $25 for the
series of both groups. Please
contact either Barbara
Friedlander, MSW, or Sandy
Grunther, MSW at 864-1991
for information and screening.
JCDS Retains Dr. Cooley
Dr. Myles Cooley, a clinical
psychologist practicing in the
local community for the past
12 years, has been retained by
the Jewish Community Day
School of Palm Beach County,
Inc. on a part-time basis to
assist the faculty and staff by
providing professional
guidance for teachers in help-
ing their students. Dr. Cooley
will be working with classes in
a group setting, and acting as
a consultant to the faculty and
staff in the area of child

By working with classes in a
group setting, Dr. Cooley ex-
plains, "The content of these
groups has to do with recogniz-
ing how we feel and how other
children feel about things, how
other children have feelings
that are just like ours, and
developing an understanding
and empathy for the way
others feel." He also hopes to
"help children learn how to
react better to negative ex-
periences in their lives rang-
ing from being taunted by
another child to getting a bad
grade to problems at home."
Dr. Cooley sees one of his
major roles as a consultant to
the faculty and staff in the
school. This role includes
assisting teachers with
academic/behavior problems.
"As a consultant to them with
Dr. Myles Cooley
their problems and questions,
indirectly the benefit accrues
to the children."
Dr. Cooley received his
Bachelor's and Master's
Degrees in psychology at
Bucknell University and his
PhD in clinical psychology
from the State University of
New York at Albany. He is an
American Board of Profes-
sional Psychology Certified
Diplomate in clinical
psychology, past president of
the Palm Beach County
Psychological Association, and
past vice-president of the Palm
Beach County Mental Health
Association. Dr. Cooley has
been the recipient of the Men-
tal Health Association's Ser-
vice Award, and the Bell
Award for outstanding leader-
ship and commitment in the
fight against mental illness
and the advancement of men-
tal health.
Kohl Salutes Jews of Augsburg
^.N? .7 (J7A) ~ Chancellor Helmut Kohl has con-
gratulated the Jewish community in Augsburg on the
reopening of the synagogue there, destroyed during the
notorious Knstailnacht of 1938. "Your temple may be in
the diaspora, but you, the members of the Jewish communi-
ty, are here at home," KohJ said in a cable.
TJe federal state of Baden Wuertemberg and the
Augsburg municipality made public funds available to
rebui d and restore the synagogue. Augsburg, one of the
9Sk ? m Germany> is currently celebrating its
2,000th anniversary.
The New
Under Rabbinical Supervision
OCT. 15
5085 Okeechobee Blvd.
(in the same shopping center)
(Okeechobee & Haverhill)
Looking forward to serving you again
with better than ever...
Meats Deli Appetizers Cooked Foods
Quality Variety Prices
Adele Simon (center). Women's Division vice-president for
Outreach compares notes with Esther Szmukler (left) and
Jeanne Glasser (right), co-chairs of Outreach Day, to be held
on Oct. 9.
USSR Reverses Decision
On Visa For Publisher
Reversing an earlier decision,
the Soviet Union granted a
visa to Bernard Levinson,
president of the Association of
Jewish Book Publishers, to at-
tend the Fifth Moscow Inter-
national Book Fair. The fair
opened last Tuesday.
Robert Bernstein, president
of Random House, and Jari
Laber, two other Americans
who asked for visas to attend
the fair, and were rejected, did
not get visas, an official of the
Soviet Embassy here said.
Levinson learned about his
first rejection last month and
immediateJy.-.complained >to."
book fair officials. The Em-
bassy official did not explain
why the three Americans were
barred or why the ban on
Levinson was lifted and not on
the other two.
A-AAboT ANswiRf(>Nf
A Division of
Computerized Switchboard Live Operators
213 No. Dixie Highway, Lake Worth, FL 33460
For Top Prices Call:
HOUBS: 9:30 o.m.-6:00 p.m.
Member ANA i Chamber nl Com. i

Friday, September 20,1985/The Jewish Floridito of Prfmjfeach^olihiy 'Page 7
>:;::wT j ^y/.
Nowadays, Israeli coins and
jnedals arrive with "viewing
Instructions." The latest
liedal issued in gold, silver and
fcronze contains a hologram in
he center. Looked at in the
orrect way, a multi-colored
|tar of David will appear. The
Ledal is named "And There
was Light," and was created
L the kinetic Israeli artist,
Vaacov Agam.
Fifty Christian clerics from
Jouth Korea completed an in-
tensive course on "The People,
the Book and the Land" at the
Martin Buber Institute for
Adult and Continuing Educa-
tion of the Hebrew University
bf Jerusalem.
San Francisco gourmets look
forward to their annual chop-
ped liver contest. This year a
special category has been add-
ed called "The Honorable
Menschen Bar Mitzvah best in
presentation." The steadily in-
creasing participation in this
contest proves that San Fran-
cisco Jews refuse to let down
5000 years of Jewish
Lone acts of bravery against
overwhelming odds are so rare
an occurrence that they occa-
sion international media atten-
tion when they do happen, ex-
cept when the hero is a Soviet
Jew. Soviet refusniks are such
heroes. Clearly, nothing has
changed for the better in the
U.S. Attorney General
Edwin Meese
I Edwin Meese HI, Attorney
I General of the United States,
I was the guest speaker at the
(Jewish National Fund's
I "Tree of Life" awards din-
ner honoring Chief U.S.
District Judge Manuel
Lawrence Real, of the Cen-
Itral District of California.
Judge Manuel L. Real
Announcing the award, JNF
president Charlotte Jacobson
cited Judge Real's long
career, which she said, "is
characterized by innovative
thinking, dedication to the
highest business principles,
and active participation in
humanitarian efforts."
New Violence
On The West Bank
Iviolence erupted on the West
iBank recently where Israeli
I troops, cracking down on terrorist
[activity, shot and wounded four
I Arab youths who ignored warning
phots as they fled from a military
|checkpoint in Hebron.
A military spokesman said the
Itroops fired into the air before hit-
jting the youths, one of whom is
]12-years-old. All four were
I treated on the spot by medical cor-
Ipsmen and taken to a hospital.
I They had been stopped for a
I routine identity check but turned
land ran.
Meanwhile, parts of the Arab
[town of Ramallah were placed
[under curfew after an Israeli bus
[as pelted with stones. A
[firebomb was thrown at another
|bus "ear Mt. Zion in Jerusalem.
A bomb was discovered and
safely defused in the Jerusalem
suburb of Gilo, at a school crossing
not far from the spot where six
Pedestrians were slightly injured
by an explosive device last week.
There were no injuries in any of
| w incidents.
A crowd of angry local residents
gathered, and there was con-
| siderable shouting in support of
J**i Meir Kahane and his ex-
tremist Kach Party which
demands the expulsion of every
Afab from Israel.
The military authorities an-
nounced the six-month closure of
w East Jerusalem book store. Al
Mannar, on grounds that it was a
front for the Popular Democratic
Front for the Liberation of
Palestine, a terrorist group.
treatment of Russia's long-
suffering and much abused
Jewish community, despite the
new smiling faces presented to
the West. Mr. Gorbachev finds
it easier to make headline-
grabbing gestures regarding
nuclear tests than the simpler
one of calling back the hounds
of the KGB from the heels of
hapless Jews. It is against this
hideous perversion of human
rights that Jews who enjoy
freedom must continue to rail
and to rally their friends. We
salute our heroic Jewish
refusniks and must not aban-
don them.
A bizarre story printed in
New Zealand newspapers with
a Reuters New Zealand Press
Association by-line claimed
that Israel and South Africa
developed a chemical weapon
which would kill only non-
whites. The story was
preposterous and reeked of
macabre propaganda. The
amazing factor was that an in-
ternational news agency such
as Reuters carried the tale.
Reuters subsequently recalled
the story saying it was picked
up from a Soviet newspaper.
While Reuters regretted runn-
ing the story, it is a sad com-
mentary when a responsible
news agency prints such a tale
without questioning its source.
Israel is in deeper trouble than
we thought.
Amnesty International, the
human rights organization,
has conveyed its concern to
Syrian President Assad over
recent public hangings in
Damascus. It also protested to
the Lebanese government
about atrocities committed by
Shiite Amal forces against
Palestinians who were tor-
tured and killed at the Sabra
and Shatila refugee camps.
The public hangings were of
sue individuals convicted of
spying for Israel.
A small replica of Jerusalem
was supposed to be built near
the Brooklyn headquarters of
the Lubavitcher Rebbe, now
83. However, instead of Zion
coming to Brooklyn, Brooklyn
is to be brought to Zion. Chaim
Bermant relates that a replica
of 770 Eastern Parkway (the
Lubavitcher H.Q.) is to be built
at Kfar Habad near Ben
Gurion Airport. It is to be no
cheap artifact in papier-mache
or plastic. The Rebbe wants
the real thing, and what the
Rebbe wants, the Rebbe gets.
Two Israeli architects will fly
to Brooklyn to take
photographs of the original so
as to reproduce it in detail.
Brooklyn at Kfar Habad will
cost at least a half million
dollars, but the Rebbe's
devoted followers feel it is not
too much to meet his wishes
and will make the Holy Land
that much holier for them.
A sizeable number of non-
Jews participate in the one
year study programs at Israeli
Universities. In addition to
enriching their understanding
of the Middle East, it gives
them an idea of what it means
to be a religious minority.
About 25 percent of the North
Americans who take part in
this program eventually make
Solel Boneh, the construc-
tion company owned by
Histadrut (the Israeli Labor
Federation), was involved in
building the world's second
largest Roman Catholic
cathedral which Pope John
Paul II opened in Abidjan, the
capital of the Ivory Coast.
Leading members of Solel
Boneh were present at the
Top executives of major
Israeli hi-tech corporations
and Israeli government of-
ficials will staff information
booths at a series of exposi-
tions to be held in the U.S. and
Canada, to recruit engineering
and marketing specialists for
Israeli hi-tech industries.
Qualified professionals are
sought in computer elec-
tronics, medical engineering,
solar energy, etc. They also
hope to attract Israelis who
work aboard but are interested
in returning home.
Congress is moving to
rename the street in front of
the planned site of the U.S.
Holocaust Memorial Museum
to "Raoul Wallenberg Place"
in honor of the Swedish
diplomat who saved 100,000
Hungarian Jews in Budapest
from the Nazis in WWII.
Wallenberg was captured by
the Red Army in 1945 and is
believed by many to be still
alive in a Soviet labor camp.
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Page 8 The Jewish Floridjan of Palm Beach Bounty/Friday, Sepfembef 20, 1985
Jews Themselves Seem to Shy
Away from 'Jewish' TV Sitcoms
Jewish Exponent
She was a woman besieg-
ed by family and
A simple woman.
But the world refused to
leave Molly Goldberg alone.
Husband Jake the tailor. The
world hung on his shoulders like
a bad suit. Could he fashion a suc-
cessful career in the Bronx, or
would he be relegated to misspent
hours sewing Molly's apron?
Son Sammy. All they asked
from him was nachas. But could
he deliver?
AND MOLLY could Molly
survive the move to the suburbs?
Or would the trek from 1038 E.
Tremont Ave. to Haverville be toe
jolting for a woman whose whole
life had been spent sitting by the
same windowsill poking her nose
into her neighbors' business?
And what about the sex?
The story that had to wait until
now to be told, the story that has
shocked and startled millions over
the years we bring you "Molly
Goldberg and Her Changing
Jewish TV Neigborhood."
"YOO-HOO, Mr. Mick Belker."
"Good morning, Mrs.
"Nu, what are you doing down
there in such an outfit, dressed as
a rabbi."
"Shh, not so loud, Mrs.
Goldberg. I'm undercover try-
ing to catch this hairbag selling
trefe disguised as kosher
"Well, come right upstairs.
Your mother just called. She has
this question about an insurance
"Ah, Mrs. Goldberg, do I have
"Yes, yes, you have to. What
kind of son would you be if you
Growling, Mick heads up the
stairs. "Here, hold this careful-
ly," Mick Belker barks, handing
Barney Miller his gun.
Judd Hirsch portrayed Jewish
taxirdriver Alex Rieger in the
Umg-running series, 'Taxi.'
RHODA THINKS for a second.
"Good enough."
Molly watches as Alex collects
his fare from Rhoda ("You'll take
a 10 percent tip and like it"), who
hops into Jacoby's car and takes
off. As Mick gets into a heated
argument with his mother on the
phone in Molly's apartment ("No,
Ma, I can't come over now for
soup"), Molly surveys the scene,
letting out a huge sigh.
"I nut don't know what this
Jewish neighborhood is coming
to," she says, closing the window.
"How times have changed."
Indeed, times have changed for
television's series portrayal of
Jews since the late 1940s and
mid-'50s, when Molly Goldberg
and her family faced problems
that evolved from the immigrant
experience and conflicts between
first- and second-generation Jews.
Today's television Jew is iden-
tified more by an attitude, style of
speech or caustic wit than by the
character's sense of Jewishness or
Judaism. Just when you start to
suspect that a Maude is Jewish, a
Christmas tree crops up in the
As Archie Bunker would have
said, "You can always tell a Jew
easy just look at the yamaha on
his head."
Those yamahas are missing
Interviews with actors, direc-
tors, writers, producers and net-
work honchos reveal that the Jew
portrayed on television series to-
day has at once grown and
regressed from those halcyon
days of the early '50s. The
stereotypical characterizations
the whining inflection, the beard-
ed family sage, the hunched-over
acquiescent husband have, in
the main, given way to a blander
Jewish persona. Today, the Jew is
a product of video assimilation
a byproduct of the melting pot
with much of the uniquely Jewish
qualities boiled away.
undeniably Jewish character or
theme will be woven into a series:
Archie Bunker, a Protestant, cop-
ing with his niece's Bat Mitzvah
("All in the Family/Archie
Bunker's Place"); a Dr. Fiscus ex-
plaining the meaning of Passover
to friends at the hospital ("St.
Elsewhere"); Arnold's decision to
convert so he can have a Bar Mitz-
vah like his Jewish friend and get
gifts ("Diffrent Strokes"); and
Simka querying Alex on the
rituals of kashrut ("Taxi").
But these instances of overt
Jewish identification have proved
to be exceptions.
Why has the TV Jew been
homogenized? Why has his
religion become a guessing game?
Why have some characters
started out Jewish (Dr. Alexrod of
"St. Elsewhere") and lost their
religion along the way?
(Remember his gift of a ham to
Mrs. Hoffnagle?)
Surprisingly, say many of those
interviewed, the problem may lie
with Jews themselves the
Jewish writers, directors and pro-
ducers who help decide what
viewers will see.
"A large part of the problem
stems from the fact that many of
the people making (programming)
decisions are Jews," says Dr. Eric
Goldman, director of the JWB's
Jewish Media Service in New
York. "They do not want to be
bothered or hassled by the Jewish
community. 'Bridget Loves Ber-
nie' was a good example."
IT SURE WAS. "Bridget
Loves Bemie" was an example of
the tsuria a network can en-
counter when dealing with a
touchy Jewish topic.
The CBS sitcom featured an in-
termarriage in which Meredith
Baxter portrayed Bridget
An amused Dr. Fiscus (Howie Mandel) has difficulty believiru
that a bag lady (guest star Tammy Grimes) is really thefairyml '
mother of a sick young boy whom she has brought into St Eliauu
Hospital on NBC-TV's 'St. Elsewhere.' Dr. Fiscus once erpkn-
ed the meaning of Passover to friends at the hospital. But aim
with Dr. Axelrod in this popular TV series, both have lost their
Jewish religion somewhere along the way.
Theresa Mary Coleen Fitzgerald
to David Birney's Bemie
Steinberg. This 1972 television
adaptation of theater's "Abie's
Irish Rose" caused a storm of
Jewish protest and lasted only one
season. Jewish network ex-
anything, lady, he's not Jewish.
And, to tell you the truth, 1 don't
get dates so often that I can afford
to be late."
"You're not going to see Peter
Gunn, are you?" a baritone voice
booms from the sidewalk.
"The only Jewish
characters you used
to have on TV were
sweet, saintly and
wishy-washy. It was
difficult to get fully
dimensional charac-
ters done."
Shimon Wincelberg
ecutives will not soon forget that
"What am I going to do with
this? I sit behind a desk," Barney
says, the gun dangling from his
hand. "What do I know from
"Exactly," Molly taks-tsks,
shaking her head.
"Excuse me," shouts a driver
hanging out the door of his cab.
"Can I help?" Molly yells down.
"Maybe. My name's Alex
Rieger, I'm new in the
neighborhood," says the cabbie.
"I've got a passenger here wants
to go to Brownsville. I'm lost."
"I'll say," says Molly.
head out the window. "Hey, lady,
enough with the wise cracks. How
about just giving us the
"And what's your name, my
R/>?da' Rhoda Morganatern.
Look, I don't mean to be rude, but
we re in a hurry. I have a date
there waiting for me don't say
Harold Gould portrayed what one television viewer called the
'emasculated' Jewish father of Valerie Harper in the TV series,
'R&4+lMany viewers st\U gflij&gHarper is Jewish. 'Igu/jsg-**'*
a kind of backhanded compliment,' she says.
"Who's that?" queries Rhoda.
'Yen, Jacoby, Peter Gunn's my
date. So what?"
"You can come with me. IH
take you to him."
"Why should I go with you,
Jacoby? How do I know I'll be
safe? My mother told me never to
take a ride with a man who
doesn't have a first name ... Do
you have a first name?"
"Yeh. Lieutenant."
Indeed, says Goldman, Jewish
programmers and writers, aware
of the Jewish community's sen-
sitivity to the way they are por-
trayed in media, shy away from
creating Jewish-related series.
"They don't want to be
bothered," he says.
Joel Siegel, critic for ABC-TVs
"Good Morning America" nd
New York's WABC-TV, agrees
The Jewish community can exert
pressure on programmers, he
says. "There is a fear of that m
Hollywood. And the TV stakes

Friday, September 20, 1985/The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County Page 9
lave become too high."
Cherney Berg, producer of
MThe Goldbergs," understands
khat sensitivity. His hit show was
f. the same time praised and
Utirized. "Most of the criticism
Sefrom Jews," he says. "They
djdn't want to make waves."
Today's Jews often share that
ame fear, says noted actor
ierschel Bernardi. "There is the
^lief on the part of Jewish pro-
ducers and writers not to make
raves," he says, explaining why
jLgre is no real interest in the
business to portray "real" Jews.
"Psychologically, Jews are
.afraid to be depicted," says Dr.
[Paul J- Fink, chairman of the
[department of psychiatry at the
[Albert Einstein Medical Center's
[Northern Division and medical
Idireetor of Einstein's Philadelphia
Ipsychiatric Center. He, too, feels
"they don't want to make waves."
AS MEMBERS of a minority,
Ijews are disproportionately
I represented in the higher echelons
lof television network decision-
I making.
This is one important reason
Ivou see relatively few shows
Idevoted to Jews and/or Judaism,
Isays NBC-TV Entertainment
[president Brandon Tartikoff
["Because so many Jews are
| behind the camera."
Kenny Solms, a well-respected
Hollywood comedy writer ("The
Carol Burnett Show," "Rhoda")
agrees. "Many Jews are writers
|and producers," he says.
To present Jews as objects of
I humor would mean that these
same Jews would have to resort to
portraying stereotypes. "You
can't portray Jews as cheap and
I m o n e y -grabbing. These
stereotypes are so ugly and un-
true." says Solms.
Jewish television executives
I may just want to accept their per-
sonal success quietly, adds
Goldman. "The Jews in the
Business do not want to draw at-
tention to themselves.
"Itl sufc&nMan octasionaf""
segment about Jewish topics,"
says Goldman. "It could be just
one out of 30 segments done dur-
ing a year. That adds a certain
uniqueness to the program."
For instance ... "I remember a
M'A'S'H where there was a bris.
There was a 'Quincy' about
Holocaust survivors, and an 'All in
the Family' where Archie gave a
eulogy at the funeral of a Jewish
friend. Even 'Have Gun Will
Travel' had two or three Jewish-
theme shows, as did 'Gunsmoke'
and 'Bonanza.' "
recalls those segments clearly.
Wincelberg, one of Hollywood's
most talented, respected and pro-
lific writers, was instrumental in
introducing Judaism to the wild,
wild West. "The only Jewish
characters you used to have on TV
were sweet, saintly and wishy-
washy,'' says Wincelberg. "It was
difficult to get fully dimensional
Jewish characters done."
Wincelberg changed all that
with his introduction of Nathan
Shotnoff to "Have Gun Will
Travel." a 1957 series that ran six
years with Richard Boone as the
gun-for-hire Paladin.
"Nathan Shotnoff was
somewhat abrasive, self-confident
and open about his Jewishness,"
says Wincelberg. The writer also
introduced the type of character
to "Hec Ramsey*' (1972 to 1974),
a series that also starred Richard
. Wincelberg also is proud that "I
introduced the first black outlaw
a Western ('Have Gun'). After
"ft, the field was opened up for
other people."
Sometimes the openings were
wta rather than canyons. "Actors
Nehemia Persoff and David
Woshu found that unless they
worked on accents, there was no
room for them to play Jews."
Producers had certain quotas
' characters. "They rationed
Producer Norman Lear of 'AH
in the Family' is acknowledged
as one of television's leading
trend-setters where the Protes-
tant Archie Bunker copes with
his niece's Bat Mitzvah as he
argues that 'You can always
tell a Jew easy rust look for
the "yamaha" on his head,
you: one Jewish character a year,
one black a year," says
TODAY, he notes, such restric-
tions have been dropped. "At one
time, there was a ghetto mentali-
ty. Today, there is a lot less of it.
There is still, however, a feeling
that you have to homogenize
characters. The producers make
you feel that they are doing you a
great favor by throwing you a
The bones thrown Wincelberg's
way have been meaty. "I have had
a relatively easy time selling
stories," he says. "I was able to be
more adventurous. I did my best
work writing about Jews. I receiv-
ed seven Writers Guild Award
nominations; six were for Jewish
The '60s and '70s provided room
for creativity, a welcome entice-
ment for a writer such as
Wincelberg, who admits "I like to
hr.eak.nevv;gri)ud,".J.n the past
feeWe? However,- the oppor-
tunities have been fewer.
"In the last 10 years, I have
been more cautious," he says.
Is it time to throw caution to the
wind? "We have gone through a
million cycles," says actor Bernar-
di of the ways Jews have been
depicted on television. "Jewish
characters are shown as either the
butt of humor or as heroes
never as real people."
When a producer does make an
attempt at reality, at "making
waves," he may find himself
drowning in the effort. Actor Ber-
nardi cites Norman Lear,
eminently successful producer of
such series as "All in the Family"
and "Maude," as a mogul willing
to take risks.
A DECIDEDLY Jewish Murray
Klein, portrayed by Martin
Balsam, was introduced as Archie
Bunker's business partner when
"All in the Family" evolved into
"Archie Bunker's Place." The
character never really jelled. As
far as the new series was concern;
ed, it "was not very popular,"
says Bernardi.
"Look, it's an old story. The
depiction of the Jew in any
cultural medium can never be nor-
mal the identity is too loaded.
He is always shown living in rela-
tion to the Gentiles, never to
That should not be so surpris-
ing argues Allen Lichtenstein, an
assistant professor of television
and radio at Brooklyn College.
Lichtenstein has done extensive
research on the topic of the way
Jews are depicted on television.
"Television does not portray
characters realistically," he says.
The medium instead opts for
"cardboard characters.
Look at Mick Belker of "Hill
Street Blues," says Lichtensteur
"He is a tough m g-*
anti-stereotype" o? the Jew. Ye
he is stereotype of tough
cop. He is the reversal of the
Jewish character when compared
to (fellow cop Henry) Goldblume,
who is portrayed as cerebral,
humanistic. But Belker is no more
One has to understand the
dynamics of commercial television
to know why so few Jews or
Jewish issues are depicted.
"Television is going after mass
audiences," says Lichtenstein.
"Jewish issues are not perceived
as particularly interesting to the
mass audience. What you get is a
homogenized American who hap-
pens to be Jewish."
PRODUCERS are not in
terested in in-depth portrayals.
"You end up with shallow
characters," Lichtenstein says.
"Anything beyond that, they shy
away from."
Ironically, the more successful a
show becomes, the more the
character is fleshed out. "Only
when a show is on for a while,"
says Lichtenstein, "can you look
for new things, can you find
underlying substance." Writers
attempt to stave off viewer
boredom by introducing in-
teresting nuances to the
Actors can infuse their
characters with an ethnicity that
may elude or be ignored by the
writers. Bernardi, who has per-
formed as Tevye in productions of
"Fiddler on the Roof on Broad-
way and all over the world, is pro-
bably best remembered by televi-
sion audiences for his portrayal of
Lt. Jacoby in the popular "Peter
Gunn" series from 1958 to 1961.
"Was Jacoby Jewish? To me he
was," laughs Bernardi. "He
wasn't supposed to be; he had no
ethnic background. But I used
parts of myself to play him."
INDEED, other actors have
drawn on their backgrounds to
make the ethnicity of their roles
ring true. Bruce Weitz, who por-
trays the scruffy Mick Belker on
NBC-TVs "Hill Street Blues,"
thinks there is a purity about
Belker unblemished by the ragtag
world in which he works. That
purity stems from a Jewish
''His dedication and
perseverance appeal to me," says
Weitz of Belker. "He's a
"Like Belker, I am beholden to
my Jewish traditions," says
Weitz. Belker is "an extremely
loyal friend" and a man dedicated
to his mama. "He's an efficient
policeman who has a tender heart
of gold."
That would also be the way to
describe the haimish title
character of "Barney Miller," a
police show with a seemingly
endless life in TV syndication.
Barney had all the qualities one
aspires to," says Hal Linden of his
alter ego, who headed a motley
crew of detectives for eight televi-
sion seasons beginning in 1975.
"There was a certain talmudic
side to Barney, to his philosophy
and the manner in which he handl-
ed things.
"When (program creator) Dan-
ny Arnold and I first discussed the
part, I didn't want to make
Barney an ethnic character. But
we finally agreed that Barney
should be Jewish." That sense of
Jewishness, the Solomonesque
m-anner in which Barney Miller
1 landled his often clashing crew of
detectives, came through in the
writing, the actor says.
Hirsch's Jewish sensitivities
also helped give shape to Alex
Rieger of "Taxi." "Originally, the
character was called Alex
Taylor," Hirsch remembers, "but
I had it changed to Rieger
which was the name of my friend
from junior high school." Alex is
also the name of Hirsch's son.
"I wanted Alex to be a Semitic
character; being named Rieger
does not put him in the position of
being white bread."
Sometimes, however, a white-
Brandon Tartikoff, president
of NBC Entertainment, takes
the position that most of the
Jews in TV are behind the
camera. That is why there are
so few shows left that are
devoted to Jews or Judaism.
They don't want to make
bread actor can add zest to a
corned-beef character. Such was
the case with "Rhoda" and its two
leading female stars, Valerie
Harper and Nancy Walker.
Neither actress is Jewish,
though the respective roles they
played as Rhoda and the mother
who loved her certainly were. In-
deed, many "Rhoda" junkies still
think Harper is Jewish. "I guess
it's a kind of backhanded compli-
ment," she says.
"Rhoda" in many ways typified
televison's approach to Jewish
characterizations. The family's
Judaism was hinted at but not
delineated. "Rhoda was Jewish in
the sense that the majority of the
population in the world would
regard her as having traits. To
Jews, however, those traits are
not necessarily Jewish," says
TV CRITIC Joel Siegel thinks
Rhoda's Jewishness may have
gotten chopped up in one of the
food processors she received for a
wedding gift.
Ah, the wedding. "Rhoda
wasn't married by a rabbi," says
Siegel. "There was no mention of
religion at the wedding." And her
husband Joe Gerard, played by
David Groh was not depicted as
"I think someone made a deci-
sion not to have a Jewish wed-
ding," says Siegel. Such a decision
was a safe one, he says. "It's like
when they made Archie Bunker a
Protestant," an unrealistic choice
since "there are only about 11
Protestants in Queens," the New
York home of "All in the Family."
"It's safer that way," says Siegel.
Jeffrey Fuerst, assistant
curator of the Museum of Broad-
casting in New York, also is in-
trigued by "Rhoda." He talks
about Martin Morgenstera, the
father portrayed by actor Harold
"If (Molly Goldberg's husband)
Jake was a cutter in someone
else's factory, then (the character
played by) Harold Gould owns
that factory," says Fuerst. "They
are of the same ilk."
That is not necessarily a good
thing. Fuerst sees in both Jake
and Martin "an emasculation of
the father figure." He also thinks
that "Rhoda's parents were a bit
of both. They didn't evolve. They
were much more grandparent
figures than characters."
"Rhoda" had some not
altogether positive things to offer,
what with heavy doses of guilt on
each episode. Audiences may well
wonder, "is that what it means to
be Jewish in America?
TURNING THE channel back
to "Hill Street Blues," we come to
grips with Belker and Goldblume.
He is the spiritual son of Molly
"He is more a reflection of a
liberal America to be Jewish.
i idliihlunic is a caring Democrat .
because he comes from a history
of 5,000 years. His actions are
those of a big-hearted liberal.
Indeed, Goldblume may be a
symbol for what is happening to
American Jews today.
One contemporary program
which comes close to the Jewish
family at work and play is not that
at all. The "Bill Cosby Show,"
NBC-TV's series about a black
family of high achievement with a
physician dad and an attorney
mom, seems to show warm family
elements once ascribed to "The
proudly announces the opening of
Green Pastures

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Page 10 The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County/Friday, September 20, 1985
Rare Judaica May
Be Exhibited
In U.S. Next Year
Four years ago, Dr. Philip
Miller, librarian of Hebrew Union
College-Jewish Institute of
Religion in New York, and I were
invited to Poland to seek out im-
portant Judaica that had survived
the Holocaust.
That pilgrimage resulted in the
exhibit, "Fragments of
Greatness," and initiated a conti-
nuing quest to uncover and
display publicly in the U.S. other
hidden pockets of Jewish ritual ob-
jects and manuscripts left behind
by our ancestors. The success of
"Fragments of Greatness" paved
the way for our current work at
the Vatican.
AFTER AN extensive period of
negotiations, the Union of
American Hebrew Congregations
received an invitation from the
Vatican to view Judaica that has
been seen previously only by a
handful of scholars. As a result of
our trip, a selection of the Vatican
collection may be exhibited in
1986 for the first time in the
United States.
Our delegation to Rome was
headed by Rabbi Alexander
Schindler. president of the
UAHC. Dr. Walter Persegati,
secretary of the Vatican museum,
and Monsignor Mejias, an official
with the Commission for Rela-
tions between Catholics and Jews,
joined us as we examined various
tombstone inscriptions dating
back to the second century of the
Common Era.
With the exception of one small
inscription, all of these were
chiseled in Greek, the dominant
language of that period. Yet many
of the tombstones were heavily
decorated with Jewish symbols
the menorah, the lulav (palm
branch), the etrog (citron), and, in
one case, a matzoh, possibly in-
dicating that the person had died
at Passover.
WITHIN THE Vatican's ongo-
ing exhibit of Judaica, we viewed
a Spanish Torah, a Megillah, two
candelabra from the apartment of
Pope Paul VI, one of a pair of
tefillin, and a silver filigreed
Megillah case.
The next day. Father Leonard
Boyle, prefect of the Vatican
library, accompanied us as we
toured the manuscript collection.
With the help of our two
specialists, Dr. Miller and Dr.
Michael Singer, associate pro-
fessor of Jewish history at HUC-
JIR in Los Angeles, we selected a
dozen manuscripts and printed
books for closer examination. One
of the items was a 12th Century

39 IF
Dr. Philip MiUer (left) and Rabbi Philip Hi*
examine ancient Jewish burial tablets 1
Vatican Museum. w
Torah written on leather in the
tradition of North Africa.
We read codices of the 12th,
13th and 14th Centuries, produc-
ed in Rome, Spain and Germany
the Spanish codex distinguish-
ed by its exquisite illuminations.
Also on display was the first Son-
cino Bible, printed in 1488, and
the Bomberg Bible, printed in
Venice in 1522 with the permis-
sion of the Vatican authorities.
We also saw the famous
Samaritan tri-columnar bible (in
Hebrew, Arabic and Samaritan)
with commentary written in
Palestine, and the Polyglot Bible
(1514-17) in Hebrew with transla-
tions in Arabic, Aramaic, Arme-
nian, Coptic and Ethiopian.
THE LIBRARY'S collection of
gilded glass some pieces intact,
others fragmented includes a
2nd Century CE piece that depicts
the Temple of Solomon. We also
were shown seven ancient oil
lamps decorated with engraved
What did all this signify? First,
that Hebrew, along with Latin,
Greek and Arabic, was, in former
times, not only respected but
venerated, that the mark of a
scholar was his command of any
or all these languages. For exam-
ple, in 1701, a Vatican library
scribe took some 30 of Pope Cle-
ment XI's sermons and translated
them into Hebrew, completely an-
notated and vocalized.
As of this writing, Dr. Persegati
has received clearance from the
director general of the Vatican
museum to release its Judaica for
exhibition in the United States.
We await final world on the
material in the Biblioteca
THE VATICAN must be ^
mended for having workedfl
hard to bring about this eihl
tion, and, above all, for hk
preserved our Jewish heritM|
making it possible to fill gape J
our knowledge of the past.
Included in our delegation wenl
Dr. Maury Lettxmtz, benefactor!
and patron of special projecti ul
Jewish history and president A
the Knoedler Gallery; Spencer!
Partrich, of Detroit; Rabbi ftm-l
nell Schwartz, of Detroit's Temple
Beth-El; and Father Joseph Fen-
ton, Office of Communication j
U.S. Catholic Conference.
Rabbi Philip Hint is _
tant to the president of
Union of American Hebi
Congregations for Specit
Antigua and Barbuda Issue Postage
Stamp Honoring Maimonides
Antigua and Barbuda
have issued a postage stamp
depicting Moses ben
Maimon, better known as
Maimonides, whose 850th
birthday is being celebrated
in 1985.
Official date of release of the
stamp was June 17, and it was
designed and < printed by the
House of Questa in multicolor
Maimonides was born in Cor
doba, Spain on the day before
Passover in 1135. His worldwide
reputation stems from his role as
a religious leader, physician,
philospher and scholar.
AT THE TIME Maimonides
was 13 and became Bar Mitzvah,
the city of Cordoba was overrun
by a sect of Moslems who would
tolerate no other faith in their do
main besides Islam.
Rabbi Maimon and his family,
along with most of Cordoba's
Jews, were forced to flee. For the
next ten years, they wandered
from one town to another in
southern Spain, unable to remain
long because of the continuing
conquest of the Moslem sect which
had originally forced them out of
During this period of upheaval,
the young Maimonides continued
to study and refine his
philosophical skills. In 1159, his
family and other Jews from
southern Spain managed to settle
in the city of Fez, then the capital
of Morocco.
Religious intolerance once again
forced them to flee after a brief
five-year stay. On their way to
Egypt, young Maimonides visited
the Holy Land. There, they made
special pilgrimages to the cities of
Hebron and Jerusalem.
Just a few months after arriving
in Egypt, tragedy struck the fami-
ly when Rabbi Maimon passed
away. Support of the family was
now assumed by a younger
brother named David. For a while,
all went well as David became a
successful jewel merchant who
specialized in importing precious
gems from India.
ON A business trip to India,
David was caught in a storm and
drowned when the ship wrecked
in the Indian Ocean. He was car-
rying the entire family fortune
with him at the time.
In order to support the family.
Maimonides began to practice
medicine. His reputation
developed to such a point that he
was eventually appointed to serve
as the personal physician of both
the Grand Vizier and Sultan of the
Egyptian caliphate.
BARBUDA Then and Now: In 'Then' photo (left) are seen
David'8 Citadel and part of the Old City walls
shortly after the Six-Day war of 1967. 'Now'
photo (right) shows this same view, but with
lush green landscape added. ^^
In addition to the extensive
medical practice that he carried
on, Maimonides found the time to
compose very important works of
Among his most significant
scholarly achievements are the
publication of Moreh Nevuehim
and Mishnah Torah. Among
students of Jewish religious
philosophy, his contributions are
considered unique.
Of him it has been said, "From
Moses (the Lawgiver) to Moses
Maimonides), there arose none
like Moses (Maimonides)
AT THE AGE of 6J.|
Maimonides passed away. In ad"
tion to his activities as physician I
to the royal court of the caliphate
and composer of pr>ied.
philosphical works, the son |
Maimon was also the Chief RaW
of the Egyptian Jew.isM
Antigua and Barbuda is I
former British colony situatehJ
the Leeward Islands of the Car*
bean. The stamp honoring
Maimonides is available as a *j
issue. A special souvenir sheet
with floral design decoration
the border, has a $5 face value

Jewish Fast Days Signify
Purification And Remembrance
Friday, September 20, 1985/The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County Page 11
kyhen we contemplate the
Lai observance of Yom Kip-
Trwe often think primarily
[fasting, a form of physical
istinence which over time
been regarded ambivalent-
. by rabbis and scholars.
J>me say that the fast is for
L sake of physical mortifica-
ln and purification. Others
latest that on Yom Kippur
, is so close to G-d that he
lould disregard his body,
Losing only on his spiritual
|Be that as it may, Yom Kip-
is not the only fast day in
Wish observance, and we
hould realize that most ritual
Irivations of food are
ciated with both the cycles
nature and events of
tstorical significance.
] How many Jews fast on the
after Rosh Hashanah?
ditionally, this day was a
st in commemoration of
.daliah, a pious Jew an-
ointed governor of Judah by
Jabylonians following the
sanction of the first Tem-
|le. His mistaken countrymen
eld him responsible for their
^fortunes and killed him.
[fter his death, complete
[saster befell the unhappy
ommunity, and this fast
leminds us to examine
lurselves rather than blaming
Ithers for our troubles.
In ancient times many of the
Jewish festivals were con-
nected to celebrations of
[atural phenomena. It appears
liat each of the nature
festivals was preceded by acts
If purification or cleansing,
Vhich included fasts.
For example the fast of the
|0th of Tevet (December 22,
|985) precedes the feast of the
15th of Shevat (Tu B'Shevat,
January 26, 1986), the beginn-
r of the tree-planting season.
Symbolically, the fast of the
loth of Tevet represented an
rttempt to remove the gloom
nd darkness of winter which
beclouded man's soul.
fan's relationship with G-d
Seeded reinvigoration.
Historically, the fast of the
fOth of Tevet commemorates
he beginning of the siege of
Perusalem by Nebuchadnezzar
fn 586 BCE.
This fast-feast cycle
Repeated several times
rinter turns to spring:
The fast of the 13th of Adar
'larch 25, 1986) precedes the
feast of Purim on the following
Tay. Historians claim that
Esther fasted before engaging
in the most dangerous action
W her life. This fast-feast is
"so related to seasonal
Jordan Vows
To Curb
Continued from Page 1
[newspaper Al Wahda that the
leadership would remain in
I'ums where it moved after its
ppulsion from Beirut in 1982.
Jl.wever. Abu-Iyad confirm-
I?1 that the presidium of the
lfpx!eAtln,e National Council
r-M ), the Palestinian "parlia-
pent m exile," has transferred
lth, I?man- He ^so disclosed
W!e PL0 has closed down
l^ses in Tunis and has moved
Eon'0 Iraq and SUth
changes. At the spring equinox
ancient Jews observed the
purification of the Fast of
Esther followed by the raucous
celebration of Purim, com-
memorating the triumph of
Mordechai and Esther over
Haman and the triumph of the
sun over "old man winter."
Pesah, on the 15th of Nisan
(April 24,1986) is of course the
feast celebrating the release of
the Hebrews from bondage in
Egypt and the advent of spr-
ing. However, the day prior to
Pesah is known as the Fast of
the First Born. When the first
born of the Egyptians were
slain during the final plague,
the first born of the Hebrews
were saved. In appreciation
for this, it has been customary
for Jewish first born to fast on
the day before Pesah.
As a complement to the
winter/spring fast-feast cycle,
there is a summer/fall cycle
Summer, historically and
emotionally, has been a period
of bitter woes for the Jewish
people. While many of us go on
vacation and enjoy the slower
pace and recreational ac-
tivities of summer, Jewish
tradition is filled with many
solemn and ascetic summer
The so-called "three weeks
of distress" begin with a fast
on the 17th of Tarn muz (July
24, 1986). According to tradi-
tion, many catastrophic events
took place on this day, in-
cluding Moses' return from
Sinai with the Tablets of the
Covenant. When he found the
Israelites dancing around the
golden calf, he cast down the
Tablets and they broke. This
was also the day when the
Torah scroll was burned by a
villainous traitor and when
idols were erected in the
The 17th of Tammuz has
agricultural and mythological
associations as well. According
to Mesopotamian myth, Tam-
muz, the god of fertility,
descended to the netherworld
on the summer solstice, and
with his departure the streams
dried up, fertility in the plant
and animal worlds ceased, and
sickness began to plague
The first nine days of Av
(August 6-14, 1986) are for
Jews the period of greatest
distress during the entire year.
The fast day of the 9th of Av
(Tish B'Av), commemorating
the destruction of the First
and Second Temples, is often
called "the black fast" in con-
trast to "the white fast" of
Yom Kippur. As with the 17th
of Tammuz, several tragic
events, in addition to the
destruction of the Temples,
are associated with this day.
The city of Betar, Bar
Kokhba's fortress, was cap-
tured by the Romans, and on
this day the generation of the
Exodus was told that they had
to die in the desert, for they
had despaired of G-d's power
to lead them to the promised
Tish B'Av also has a connec-
tion to the natural cycle, for
the 15th of Av was observed as
the feast of the tree harvest,
and in ancient times it may
well have been preceded by
purging and purification on
the 9th.
In fact, Yom Kippur, when
many Jews fast as a part of
their atonement, is connected
to the feast on the 15th of
Tishri, Sukkot. Again, a day of
general purification precedes a
feast day, in this case a feast of
ingathering and thanksgiving.
It is interesting to note that
on the Sabbath and the eve of
Yom Kippur fasting is not per-
mitted. Conversely, on the day
of a Jewish wedding the bride
and groom are supposed to
fast until after the ceremony,
which is often purposely
scheduled late in the day to
give the couple ample time to
review their lives and recite
confessions of sins, similar to
the contrition of Yom Kippur.
So there are more tradi-
tional fast days in Jewish
tradition than we may have
realized. What mitigates the
introspective solemnity and
physical privations of those
days, however, is their linkage
to festivals which celebrate
joy, abundance and man's
spiritual unity with and faith in
Strom Bar Mitzvah in Cracow
NEW YORK (JTA) Eric Strom, an eighth grader
from Stamford Conn., had his Bar Mitzvah in Cracow
He and a delegation of 12 persons accompanying him, in-
cluding his family and Rabbi Emily Korzenick, spiritual
leader of the Stamford Fellowship for Jewish Learning,
were greeted by the Warsaw Jewish community upon their
arrival in the country.
Korzenick is a member of the Reconstructionist Rab-
binical Assembly which is affiliated with the Reconstruc-
Sist movement. Strom's Bar Mitzvah is the first m
Cracow in 35 years.
THE VENUE OF the Bar Mitzvah was changed from
the Remu Synagogue to the Temple Synagogue to accom-
modate the anticipated increased attendance. The Temple
Synagogue is used only on special occasions, not regularly
throughout the year.
The Bar Mitzvah was the outgrowth of a visit to
Cracow last April organized by the UJA-Federat.on.Cam-
paign of New York for leaders of the Federation of Jewish
Legal Recourse Sought
To Prevent Kach Rallies
JERUSALEM (JTA) Police Minister Haim Barlev is seek
ing legal ways for the police to prevent rallies of Rabbi Mei
Kahane's extremist Kach Party which incite hatred agains
Israel's Arab population and frequently lead to violent confron
tations. He has asked Attorney General Yitzhak Zamir if then
are any.
Existing laws empower the police to break up officially per
mitted rallies if the speakers are suspected of incitement. Th<
problem is the legal definition of incitement,which is a delicat*
A government bill specifically outlawing racism at
distinguished from less specific incitement, has passed its firs'
reading in the Knesset. It may make it easier for police to breal-
up Kach rallies when it becomes law. But political and lega
observers worry that Kahane and his henchmen will tailor their
inflammatory remarks to remain just outside the legal definition
of racism.
Concern over "Kahanism" has risen since public opinion
polls indicate that Kach could win as many as 11 Knesset seats ii
elections were held now. Recent Knesset legislation banning
racist parties from running for office may keep Kach out of the
next Knesset.
With G.Washington's*Seasoning
and Broth they'll never say
'Fen' to your flanken!
For a more flavorful flanken, mix
in G. Washington's Rich Brown
Seasoning and Broth when you
add the water and vegetables to
the meat. G. Washington's Sea-
soning and Broth is more than a
flavor enhancer. It's a complete
seasoning The special blend of
herbs and spices flavors your
flanken in more ways than one
And it does wonders tor your
stock, too! With G.Washing-
ton's they'll never say 'fen' -
they'll say'morel'
K Certified Kosher ted Pans
4 pounds beet short ribs
2 tablespoons shortening
V.; quarts boiling water
3 packets G. Washington's
Rich Brown Seasoning and Broth
Lightly brown short ribs in shortening, drain Add remaining ingredients,
stir Cover and cook for 2 hours over low heal, or until meat is tender
Strain stock, set aside as soup Slice the meat Serves 6 to 8
6 whole peppercorns
3 stalks celery
3 sprigs parsley
2 onions
2 carrots
Not alms* David and Goliath haa
aomathlng ao tiny made it ao big.
It's Tetley s tiny little tea leaves. They've been making it big in
Jewish homes lor years. Tetley knows that just as tiny lamb
chops and tiny peas are the most flavorful, the same is true for
lea leaves That's why for rich, refreshing tea, Tetley bags
are packed with tiny little lea leaves. Because tiny is tastier1
K Certified Kosher
TETLE Y. TEA -.. i.i<

Pag 12 The Jewish Pknkban of Palm Beach County/Friday, September 20,1885
Hadassah Resolutions Address U.S.-Israel Ties, Soviet Jewry, Apartheid and Kahane
Delegates representing
385,000 American Zionist
women nationwide unanimous-
ly called for stronger ties bet-
ween the United States and
Israel, at the 71st annual Na-
tional Convention of Hadassah
in New York City.
The convention delegates
also reaffirmed Hadassah's
commitment to Zionism, con-
demned the apartheid policies
of South Africa and demanded
that the Soviet Union permit
that nation's Jews to emigrate
to Israel in several resolutions.
The resolution on U.S.-Israel
ties commends President
Reagan "for his strong affir-
mation of Israel as a friend,
democratic ally and invaluable
strategic partner of the United
States in a region vital to
Western interests."
It also states that Hadassah
believes that "the best in-
terests of the United States
are served by its close relation-
ship with and support of the
State of Israel,' and urges
"the continuation of signifi-
cant financial assistance" to
Israel. "We believe that the
heightened measure of
economic, political and
strategic cooperation between
our country and Israel will
enhance the cause of freedom,
of Middle East stability and
world peace," the resolution
The delegates also adopted a
resolution opposing an inter-
national conference on the
Middle East conflict "because
we believe such an interna-
tional forum would result in
granting the Soviet Union and
the most extreme elements in
the Arab world veto power
over any real movement
toward peace."
"We urge the Administra-
tion to remain firm in its in-
sistence on direct, face-to-face
negotiations between Israel
and the Arab states without
preconditions," the resolution
The resolution also calls for
Egypt to "live up to its com-
mitments" in the Camp David
Accords and "to normalize
relations with Israel We
believe that the enhancement
of the relationship between
Israel and Egypt will con-
tribute to confidence in the
peace process ."
In other resolutions on
U.S.-Israel relations, the con-
Nursing Robots Serve Disable
Researchers at the Faculty
of Mechanical Engineering of
the Technion-Jsrael Institute
of Technology are devising a
nursing robot that will run er-
rands, fetch objects, serve and
even cook in response to
verbal commands.
When Johan Borenstein of
the robotics department issues
a firm two-word command:
"Sink-move," the robot model
wheels across the room on its
way to the sink. And when
Borenstein issues the next in-
struction: "Home-move," the
model returns to his side.
Research in progress aims at
the development of a
sophisticated nursing robot,
capable of performing varied
tasks for the physically disabl-
ed, i.e., opening or closing a
cupboard, window, or door,
replacing a video cassette, or
preparing simple dishes.
The nursing robot will com-
prise at least three major com-
ponents: a self-propelled,
computer-operated carriage,
the robot mounted on it, and a
fixed source of radiation
either infrared or laser beams
to serve as a permanent
reference point for the
system's frequent
The carriage, equipped with
sensors to help it avoid or
overcome obstacles, will move
in response to voice signals
from the patient. Spoken com-
mands will activate the robot
and arm and activate
numerous possible tasks.
A direct telephone link will
enable it to dial a number on
request or if an emergency oc-
curs and help is needed. The
robot will "see" with an "eye"
very similar in design to a
camera rangefinder.
In spite of this system's ex-
tensive capabilities, it is ex-
pected to be relatively inex-
pensive. Its developers target
retail price is $10,000 and it is
hoped that the project will be
completed by the end of 1986.
"Israel is an ideal place for
the development and export of
robotic systems," notes Prof.
Yoram Koren, head of Tech-
nion's Robotics Laboratory,
"because software is at the
heart of the system and we
have a fond of the right sort of
expertise in this field."
Technion-Israel Institute of
Technology is a cornerstone
for liners development and
Early prototype of nursing robot at Technion's Robotics Lab.
has been its most comprehen-
sive academic center for ad-
vanced technological educa
tion and applied research for
more than 60 years. More than
25,000 Technion graduates
have been key to Israel's
agricultural and industrial
development, economic
growth, and national security,
bringing Israel to the forefront
of high technology.
Six People
Injured In
Bomb Blast
people were slightly injured when
a bomb exploded in a bus stop in
Gilo, a suborn of Jerusalem. They
were rushed to a hospital and
released several hours later after
being treated for their injuries
and shock. Police detained 11
suspects in the bombing. The
bomb was planted in a bosh near
the bus stop. The explosion
demolished the bus stop and an
adjacent fence. Windows
smashed in nearby houses.
vention delegates commended
the Reagan Administration for
its stand on international ter-
rorism and opposed arms sales
to "Arab countries that do not
negotiate directly and make
peace with Israel." The
delegates also called on the
U.S. government "to
recognize and support the
established status of
Jerusalem as the capital of
Israel ... by moving its em-
bassy from Tel Aviv to
The convention also resolved
to reaffirm Hadassah's "belief
that Zionism is the fulfillment
of the Jewish people's right to
self-determination and to live
in freedom, democracy and in-
dependence in their ancient
homeland, Israel."
"We condemn any linkage
between Zionism and racism,"
the resolution reads. "We
believe that the United Na-
tions General Assembly
Resolution 3379, adopted ten
years ago on November 10,
1975, which falsely and
slanderously equates Zionism
with racism, is itself a form of
bigotry and anti-Semitism."
In a companion resolution,
the delegates commended the
U.S. Congress for its passage
of a joint resolution condemn-
ing the General Assembly
The Hadassah Convention
delegates were sharply critical
of Russia's "ruthless suppres-
sion" of Jews and the "virtual
closing of the gates of the
Soviet Union to Jewish
emigration." The resolution
expresses Hadassah's "anger
and indignation" over harass-
ment of Jews who apply for ex-
it visas and added that "we
unequivocally condemn ;thr
growing number of arrests,
trials and imprisonment of
Soviet Jews."
In an equally sharply-worded
resolution on South Africa,
Hadassah affirmed "its deep
abhorrence of apartheid"
which it described as a
"system of legalized racial
discrimination." "It is a
system which denies the most
basic human rights to the over-
whelming majority of its
population simply because of
their color or race," the resolu-
tion says.
"We deplore the state of
emergency imposed
South African g0Ven
which has resulted in
victimization of its dt
The convention de,
were equally critical^
Kahane the American
who made aliyah to hJ
who has called for the de
tion of Israel's Arab
tion. They approved a i
tion which "strongly"
demns the racist ove
Meir Kahane's ideolo
adds that "We <
Kahane's attempts to i
Zionism as incompatible!
democracy ... Kahan
distortion of our sacred 3
traditions and our Zionist p
ciples is reprehensible
The resolution also
"Israel's record as a mot.
democracy," and quotes]
the nation's Declaration <
Establishment of the Su
Israel which ensi
"complete equality of ,
and political rights to all 3
habitants, irrespective
religion, race or sex."
In other actions,
delegates praised the wot.
Maureen Reagan and thej
delegation to the United i
tions Decade for Won
Conference in Nairobi in,
and applauded their success!
blocking the inclusion
world "Zionism" in a port
of the final conference dm
ment branding racism
apartheid as "obstacles
The delegates also
mended the "valiant
aliyah and absorption o
pian Jews by the governn
of Israel" and the supp
th' U;S."for toe-Etii
rescue effort, while also
pressing "deep concern
the plight of those Jews I
still remain in Ethiopia":
pledging to "continue ouri
forts to ensure that the enti
Ethiopian community wills
be reunited in Israel."
Finally, delegates affi
aliyah as the highest
Zionist commitment and
tively encouraged and
ported this act of per
fulfillment and commit!
Hadassah to intensify iw I
port and implementation'
aliyah programs.
Mappy, !HeaOhy
Delray Beach Office
13769 N. Congress Avenue
Delray Beach, Florid* 33444
West Palm Beach, Office
2001 Palm Beach Lakes Boulevard
West Palm Beach. Florida 33409
Capital Bank
Dade Broward Palm Beach
Member FOC

Friday, September 20, 1985/The Jewish FToridlan of Palm Beach Coun^_Pag^l3
erusalem's Israel Museum Celebrates Its 20th Year

_ upon a time, not so long
a man had a dream. He
d of a beautiful edifice
would house the artistic
of his people as well as the
to, of others. He wanted a
Horv which would be a fit-
,0wplace for an old people,
someone once remarked
ases too much history and
ough geography."
because that man happened
persistent, hard-working
Kollek. undoubtedly the
s best-known mayor, and
the edifice he dreamed of
be in his beloved
iem, his dream came true.
Israel Museum, a series of
modern interconnected
jns crowning a hill above the
,i of the Cross, in May of this
celebrated its 20th birthday.
ROUGH THE years, it has
lie a place of pilgrimage not
for a never-ending stream of
,1s, but also for Israelis from
er'the country. Unique in its
tion, which makes the Bible
alive, serving a population,
I of which had never seen a
um, it is a young, burgeoning
ution, buzzing with activity,
on the move, ever bringing
eye openers to its public. It
j;ularly prides itself on the
[that one-third of its member-
are children. "It is for the
of young Israelis who are not
to travel abroad that we must
show the heritage of other
res," says Kollek, still the
's moving spirit.
rtunately, along with
rs, the museum also attracts
tors and artists who are hap-
donate their art works to its
essive showrooms. Thus,
ii Edmond de Rothschild con-
ited a resplendent 18th Cen-
roccoco salon, which became
first period room in the
um, followed by the donation
,vid Berg of New York of an
lish period room, complete
Sheraton and Chippendale
iture and 18th century
ish silver.
addition, two complete
les are on the premises:
from a town near Venice, built
701, the other from Horb-am-
in Germany, the only hand-
ted wooden synagogue to
survived the Holocaust.
E BRONFMAN family of
Mada and the Gottesman Foun-
lon helped finance the Samuel
nfman Biblical and Ar-
logical Museum which mir-
the 5,000-year-old history of
Jewish people. Pottery from
nd Temple days is on display
well as Canaanite sacrificial
, fertility figures, jugs from
Israelite period, artifacts from
times, mosaic floors,
games children played in an-
t days. A major collection has
ntly been added that of the
Moshe Da van.
separate building distinguish-
by a white dome composed of
'sands of mosaic tiles is the
ne of the Book, home of the
Sea Scrolls. The white
poised against the abrupt
wall at its entrance, sym-
i the theme of the Scrolls of
Sons of Light against the Sons
kness. It was the late Yigael
who discovered the papyrus
> in a cave near the Dead
i they survived the centuries
of the dry desert climate.
mng the artists who
nted some of their works to
museum, Belgian surrealist
Magritte figures prominent-
tk!ei0f the earl>e8t acquisitions
"* Israel Museum which in
brief 20 year existence has
itupled in size is the
We collection of the late
*av showman Billy Rose.
lted in a beautiful garden
1 by Japanese Isamu
Um> sculptures inclwiu
such famous names as Rodin,
Maillol, Picasso and Archipenko,
as well as many contemporary
ALMOST ON any given after-
noon one can see, outlined against
the blue Jerusalem sky, children
of all ages happily climbing on the
smooth round figure (the work of
Henry Moore) which graces the
top of the hill. The original fear
that the extreme Orthodox would
object to the sculptures as being
idolatrous has fortunately proven
Avant garde sculpture by both
Israeli and other artists is shown
in a corner of the garden, named
the Billy Rose Pavilion, while the
neighboring Jacques Lipshitz
Pavilion harbors some 140 Lip-
shitz bronzes.
The largest of the intercon-
nected nine buildings is the
Bezalel Pavilion which contains
both classical and contemporary
paintings, Judaica (including the
two synagogues) and the Palevsky
Design Pavilion which shows in-
ternational design displays. One
of the most striking permanent
exhibits is devoted to pre-
Columbian art from Central
America, with figures, jewelry
and other objects presented most
The overwhelming membership
of young people is due mainly to
the unusual Ruth Youth Wing,
named in memory of Ruth Rod-
man Freiman of Washington,
D.C. A packing crate which
brought a shipment of 17th Cen-
tury Dutch furniture to the
museum was, in fact, the first
children's museum, recalls Karl
Katz, the former Bezalel curator
who had urged the creation of a
special place for children. "We
painted the crate, cut a doorway
and some windows. There was
room for ten or twelve children
who drew and saw slides."
THE FIRST real building open-
ed in 1966, with four classrooms, a
small exhibition area, an
auditorium and a yard. The pre-
sent building, opened formally in
1978, contains some 12,000
square feet ten classrooms, a
storage area, an auditorium, two
exhibition areas, a library, a
recycling area and offices. Some
35,000 children are members at
the annual cost to them of two
Ayala Gordon, chief curator of
the youth wing says, "We see in
this an educational tool of the first
order." The children, who are
given maximum freedom to ex-
press themselves spontaneously,
are far from passive observers.
For to appreciate the work of
others, the curator insists, the
children must themselves create.
And create they do, whether they
participate in a miniature ar-
chaeological dig, or draw their
self-portraits, or, dressed in
period costumes, dance a minuet
in the museum's French period
In addition to the daily visits of
some 400 pupils, coming from
schools in Jerusalem and outlying
villages as well as from kibbutzim
throughout the country, children
and adults can also participate in
more than the one hundred year-
long courses embracing a wide
range of subjects, from ceramics
to photography, from weaving to
film making.
These days, as the museum
celebrates its end-of-teen birth-
day, it has launched a number of
new projects. Probably the most
interesting of these is the new
Irene and Davide Sala Wing for
Israel Communities Traditions
and Heritage. The life cycle -
birth, childhood. Bar Mitzvah,
engagement and wedding
customs, as well as typical Jewish
homes from east and west, and a
large collection of costumes, head-
dresses and jewelry of vanished
Jewish communities will be shown
in a permanent, three-dimensional
display. "We have been collecting
for the past 20 years and now we
will have the space and opportuni-
ty to show our collection under op-
timal conditions," says Dr. Shifra
Epstein, the curator for Jewish
She adds that the new wing is a
natural outgrowth of past tem-
porary exhibitions such as those
which brought into prominent
relief Jews of Morocco, Yemen,
Bokhara and Kurdistan. In fact,
more than 300 objects alone have
been obtained from Israelis of
Kurdish origin objects which
they had carried with them to
their new homeland.
OTHER SPECIAL anniversary
events include the dedication of
the Selma Picciotto Gallery of
Asian Art, the largest comprehen-
sive exhibition of Asian Art on the
Asian continent, and the Aaron
and Blima Shickman Old Masters'
Gallery. More than 200 works of
art which have been promised to
the Israel Museum by the owners
either as gifts or bequests will go
on view as the "Promised Gifts"
exhibition. Included are ^Paul
Klee's "A group of masks," and
"Variete" by the German-Jewish
artist Max Beckmann, the very
first Beckmann to be exhibited in
this country.
Later on, the Ayala Zacks
Abramov Pavilion for Israeli Art
and the Dr. Julius and Hilde Merz-
bacher Gallery within it will be
dedicated, bringing to an end the
museum's 20th birthday
Holocaust Survivors Examine Growing
Phenomenon Of Holocaust Deniers
THIS YEAR, some 1,600
children and 600 adults are taking
part in these courses. Also under
the aegis of the Ruth Youth Wing
are the programs at the Paley Art
Center, named after William S.
Paley, former chairman of CBS,
and serving Arab children in East
Jerusalem. And for those who find
it difficult or impossible to come to
the museum, the museum comes
to them in traveling exhibits pack-
ed in suitcases, and using models,
reproductions-, tapes and slides:
The growing phenomenon
of Holocaust denial and the
"moral obscenity" of the
presence in Canada of as
many as 2,000 Nazi war
criminals, more than a few
of them naturalized
citizens, was examined at a
day-long forum of the
Gathering of Holocaust
Survivors and their
children here.
The three-day gathering heard
speakers representing the
Canadian government,
academics, parliamentarians,
jurists, leaders of the Jewish
community and the survivors
The gathering marked the
40th anniversary of the
liberation of the Nazi death
camps. The occasion was fraught
with irony because four decades
after the event commemorated,
the victims have come under
attack in many quarters.
ADDRESSING the forum,
Manuel Prutschi, national
director of community relations
of the Canadian Jewish
Congress, observed that
Holocaust denial is the newest of
the intertwined strands of anti-
Semitism which include the age-
old stereotype of Jews as
crooked financiers, an in-
ternational conspiracy by Jews
to rule the world, and anti-
The latter, according to
Prutschi, "is the cutting edge
and the point of the knife of anti-
Irving Arbella, a professor at
Glendon College at York
University and co-author of the
book, "None is too Many,"
which dealt with th exclusion of
Jewish refugees from Canada
before, during and after World
War II. referred to this situation
in his address to the gathering.
"We live' in a society that is not
racist, but, in fact, had racism
written in black and white in
(its) immigration rules long
before the war with 'preferential
and non-preferential' im-
migrants," be said.
Minister of Culture in the
Ontario government, who
chaired the afternoon session,
contrasted the exclusion of
Jewish refugees with the open
door for Nazi war criminals,
among whom are the Holocaust
deniers. Hs reminded his
audience of several thousand
that the late Prime Minister
Wiliam McKenzie King signed
an Order in Council permitting
three war criminals to remain in
Canada after the Supreme Court
had ordered them deported.
"You could not enter Canada
if suspected to be a Communist
_ and Jews were suspected of
sympathizing with the Com-
munists. But nobody asked the
5,000 members of the Waffen SS
Galicia division what they did
during the war," Ostry said.
Sol Littman, Canadian
representative of the Los
Angeles-based Simon Wiesenthal
Center, called Canada today "a
haven for Nazi war criminals.''
He noted that it took 20 years to
deport the notorious Albert
Helmut Rauca, an accused mass
murderer of Lithuanian Jews,
although everyone knew where
to find him. "Why did it take so
long? Because nobody really
cared," Littman said.
RAUCA, a Gestapo officer in
Kaunas, Lithuania during the
war, became a Canadian citizen
in 1966. He was arrested in June,
1982, subsequently denaturalized
and deported in 1983 to West
Germany where he was tried by
a Frankfurt court on charges of
murdering 11,583 Lithuanian
Littman noted that the Rauca
episode sent a "shudder"
through the Lithuanian,
Ukrainian, Estonian and
Slovakian communities in
Canada. Members of those
ethnic groups were among the
most vicious Nazi collaborators
during the war, serving as death
camp guards and in some cases
operating the extermination
machinery for the Germans.
Littman affirmed that there
are as many as 2,000 war
criminals living in Canada, by no
means all German, who should
lawfully be prosecuted.
Irwin Cotler, a professor of
law at McGill University,
declared that "the presence of
Nazis in Canada is a moral
obscenity. The Canadian
government should understand
that one Nazi war criminal is too
MILTON HARRIS, president
of the Canadian Jewish
Congress, spoke about the
denaturalization procedure as a
possibility. He said Justice
Minister John Crosbie will soon
introduce new legislation to
speed up prosecution. "But to
pass such a law, a lot of political
pressure wiD be needed," he
Edward Greenspan, a Toronto
lawyer, explained that war
criminals are not brought to
justice in Canada because the
1949 Geneva Convention covers
only future crimes, not crimes of
the past. "The honor of Canada
is diminished by the fact that
many war criminals got
Canadian citizenship," he said.
Cotler expressed the
prevailing sentiment at the
gathering when he said "We
must bring war criminals to
justice if we wish justice to reign
in Canada."
Svend Robinson, a member of
Parliament for the New
Democratic Party, said, "If the
evidence is strong let us put
them on trial. If a criminal gets
old he is still a criminal."
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Page U The Jewish FJoridiaa of Pmlm Beach County/Fnday, September 20, 1966
Rabbi Haskel Lookstein
To Head UJA Rabbinic Cabinet
Haskel Lookstein, spiritual
leader of Congregation
Kehilath Jeshurun in New
York City, is the new chairman
of the United Jewish Appeal
National Rabbinic Cabinet,
Alexander Grass, UJA Na-
tional Chairman, has
"Rabbi Lookstein is a skilled
communicator with keen in-
sight into the forces that shape
and motivate the American
Jewish community," Grass
said. "We are fortunate to
have him lead the Rabbinic
Cabinet at this critical time.
"During the 1985 Cam-
paign," Grass continued, "the
American rabbinate played an
exemplary role in support of
the UJA fundraising for the
absorption of Ethiopian im-
migrants in Israel. We look to
the Cabinet's continued
leadership in this great task."
"The Rabbinic Cabinet,"
said Rabbi Lookstein, "united
Orthodox, Conservative and
Reform Jews in the building of
the Jewish people. What bet-
ter expression of Jewish unity
can we find than our helping
Ethiopian-born Israelis
become full participants in
Israeli society and contem-
porary Jewish life."
Rabbi Lookstein is first vice
president of the New York
Board of Rabbis, vice chair-
man of the Greater New York
Conference on Soviet Jewry, a
member of the executive com-
mittee of the American Jewish
Joint Distribution Committee
and a member of the commit-
tee on religious affairs of the
Federation of Jewish Philan-
thropies of Greater New York.
His book. Were We Our
JDC Aids Yeshivot Outreach Efforts
In his long black coat and
long black beard, Rabbi
Reuven Elbaz looks instantly
out of place, hanging around
the street corners, discothe-
ques and pool rooms near his
Jerusalem yeshiva.
In the Galilee there is
another Orthodox rabbi who
seems to have lost direction;
early each Sunday morning he
leaves his wife and children at
home in the Galilee develop-
ment town of Migdal HaEmek,
and goes to the nearby Tel
Mond Prison, where he stays
until Friday lunchtime.
He is not a paroled prisoner,
nor is Rabbi Elbaz turning
delinquent. The two are part of
a growing cadre of young rab-
bis in Israel who are reaching
out to uninvolved Jews, to
delinquents and to criminals
and who are scoring major
"It's a phenomenon that's
very hard to explain," says
Stanley Abramovitch, director
of the Joint Distribution Com-
mittee's Yeshivot program in
Israel, which supports some
180 Israeli yeshivot among
them Rabbi Elbaz's Or
HaChaim Yeshiva and the
Migdal HaEmek institutions.
"People far from religious
life are suddenly reaching for
their roots, and changing their
whole lifestyle to get in touch
with their Judaism."
Around 40 yeshivot in Israel
today teach newly-religious
Jews and in several of them,
a third to half of their students
have served time in Israel's
An 18-year-old, who now
spends his days in prayer and
study at the Machnei Yisrael
Yeshiva in Jerusalem, for ex-
ample, has two bank robberies
behind him. At the Or David
Yeshiva in Pardess Katz near
Tel Aviv, around 10 of the 30
students have done time, most-
ly for drug-related offenses.
"Rehabilitation of prisoners
through religion is more suc-
cessful than anything else we
know," says Abramovitch.
"There are virtually no repeat
offenders among the newly
religious ex-convicts, whereas
a large percentage of the
general prison population will
serve future terms."
No special privileges are
given to prisoners who chose
to study inside jail. At
HaMa'ayan Yeshiva in the
prison near Beersheba, for ex-
ample, learning follows a full
working day and only
toward the end of a prisoner's
term will he be allowed to
study full-time.
The JDC's Yeshivot depart-
ment keeps closely in touch
with these radical new ap-
proaches in Israel's yeshiva
world, using its 1985 annual
budget of $1,375,400 to en-
courage them as far as it can.
The Joint's support of
yeshivot follows on in a long
tradition. Its very first act
back in 1914 was a grant to
Palestine yeshivot and this
emphasis was reinforced after
World War I by the Jews of
Eastern Europe, who
declared: "If you can't send us
food for the soul, there's no
need to send us bread."
Between the wars, JDC
funds helped rebuild, expand
and maintain the great
yeshivot of Europe, and
following the destruction of
World War II the Joint played
its part in rebuilding Europe's
gutted yeshivot in the soon-to-
be-bom State of Israel.
By 1948, 3,000 students in
41 yeshivot were subventioned
by JDC. Today that number
U.S. Rejects Israel's Charges
State Department indicated that
it does not accept Israel's charge
that Jordan is allowing the
Palestine Liberation Organization
to reestablish terrorist bases on
its territory.
The Department's deputy
spokesman, Charles Redman,
repeated his earlier statement
that while the PLO has
"facilities" in Jordan, it does not
have bases from whijh to launch
terrorist operations against
Israel. He refused to comment on
a report that the Israel Cabinet
has decided to ask the Reagan Ad-
ministration to persuade Jordan
to close down any such bases.
Redman said Jordan has been
"quite consistent" in its opposi-
tion to terrorism. "Jordan is firm-
ly opposed to terrorism," he said.
"Indeed (Jordan) has suffered
greatly from it and has played a
positive role in preserving securi-
ty in the area."
has risen to 30,000 students in
180 of Israel's approximately
500 yeshivot.
"Our help is student-
centered," says Abramovitch.
"We haven't enough money to
do everything, so we under-
take one-time projects with
long-term effect such as
modernizing a yeshiva kitchen
to improve general health and
hygiene, or installing solar
water heaters to reduce ongo-
ing electricity costs."
JDC is especially active in
supporting new types of
yeshivot which respond to
Isrel's changing needs. The
schools for former prisoners is
one example. Another is the
yeshiva which combines Torah
study with vocational training,
equipped young men and
women for the job market.
And some 40 of the JDC-
subventioned yeshivot, located
in or near disadvantaged
neighborhoods and develop-
ment towns, add community
outreach to the curriculum;
their students become active in
the community as teachers,
youth club leaders, summer-
camp counselors and "big
Rabbi Haskel Lookstein
Brother's Keepers? The Public
Response of American Jews to
the Holocaust 19S8-19U, is be-
ing published this month by
Hartmore House, New York.
Currently serving as Joseph
H. Lookstein Professor of
Homilectics at Yeshiva
University, Rabbi Lookstein
was ordained in 1958, and
received his PhD in Modern
Jewish History from the Ber-
nard Revel Graduate School,
Yeshiva University, in 1979.
He is past president of the
University's Rabbinic Alumni.
In 1972 and 1975 Rabbi
Lookstein visited the Soviet
Union, where he officiated at
Sukkot and Simchat Torah
festival services.
The United Jewish An
Rabbinic Cabinet, which -
hold its annual Conference!
Cambridge, Massachusetts i
December 3 to 5, and spon'
Rabbinic Mission to Mon
Greece and Israel, Febru
23 to March 7, 1986, strives!
enhance the partnership I
ween the rabbinate and
UJA Shabbat, a program t
the Rabbinic Cabinet that i.
observed each year |
synagogues across the cc
try, will be celebrated
January 17 to 18, 1986.
State Moving
Licensed & Insured
West Palm Beach
Ft Lauderdali
An Ivitation To The Entire Jewish
Community to Attend
Graveside Memorial Services
Sunday, the 22nd of Sept., 1985
1:00 PM
a, 'Dedicatd Garden of David)
5601 Greenwood Ave.. West Palm Beach
(Just North of St. Mary a Hospital"
2:00 PM
6411 Parker Ave.. West Palm Beach
%*^S^ miststhe Hyh Hoiy ?is in memory
Rabbis reoresenrin^tl d, ^ accOT^ance with Jewish tradition,
duct the seZTces8 *** *"* Can^ Board of Rabbis will con-
private) tuHai JS^^^Z'S^ *?* *** ^ *
%^?s^inceC19^tery association Irving the burial needs of Jewish

Friday, September 20, 1986/The Jewiah Fioridien of Palm Beach County Page 1&
he High Price of Freedom
i *
r Wo// is director of the
Defamation League of
IB'ritfi'x Israel Office in
release by Israel of
11,100 Arab prisoners
Ig'the outgoing Hebrew
among them some
fious murderers for
Israeli POW's held
e since 1982 has
| a great challenge to a
|.held Israeli tenet:
capitulate to the
nds of terrorists.
nation which has paid an
titantly high price to defend
I against terrorism most
ally over 650 Israelis killed
[war in Lebanon is asking
virtually an unprecedented
ion: "Why bother if we are
[to turn these killers loose
|aEI. IS used to the grotes-
Imhalarir. of numbers in
Jer exchanges. As far back
Sinai campaign of 1956,
Egyptian I'OW's were trad-
lone Israeli pilot. In 1983, in
Wforsiv IDF soldiers held
|e PLO in Lebanon, Israel
led 4.50(1 prisoners from
|ion, along with 100 PLO
ers from Israeli jails.
el has always considered the
l of soldiers captured in bat-
J a matter of highest princi-
Ipart from the humanitarian
pts, as Defense Minister Yit-
bin told a startled nation,
is concern for military
|e: that every Israeli soldier
into battle with the
prance that shouhL.-tesbj
(hostage, his counfry vvuf be
tenting in securing his
I what made this exchange so
ent and controversial in
| is that among the terrorists
I are unregenerate killers
erpetrators of some of the
(vicious attacks against inno-
ople. These include Kozo
koto, a member of the
kese Red Army Squad that
127 at Ben Gurion Airport in
terrorists responsible for
|978 coastal road massacre,
26 Israelis were gunned
\, and many other murderers.
oner exchanges in the past
usually marked by joyous
sts. But this exchange trig-
I an unprecedented barrage
jhadsm, renewed appeals for
1 punishment, and embroil-
i coalition government in a
oversy over amnesty for a
dieted ring of Jewish
m the Israeli Government
(apparently united on the ex-
's! despite the high cost en-
Id. the reaction of the media,
F opinion leaders, and most
Ma canvassed was decisively
of the deal. Many voiced
view that Israel gave too
to Ahmed Jabril's popular
F snd, had the government
more patient, could have
a better deal. Of particular
"wn was the release of hun-
>of Palestinians to the West
I and Gaza.
EERAL commentators felt
18enirity risks did not justify
; exchange and would under-
Israel's anti-terror effort.
er the release of hundreds of
iroerers who are allowed to re-
1 among us, our leaders have
weir moral right to order
Ffs to risk their lives in stor-
Kobjectives," said Ze'ev Shiff,
Irespected military correspon-
fc kk AreU- referring to the
*e rescue and other IDF
"er-iermr assaults.
Terming the agreement
"humiliating and frustrating,"
Shiff claimed the exchange is
"another layer in Israel's
psychological enfeeblement which
began with the war in Lebanon."
Yediot Ahronot the country's
largest daily newspaper, chided
the Israeli POW's families for
their incessant pressure for an ex-
change. Calling the release date
"a holiday for the parents and the
POWs, but a trying one for their
country," the paper criticized the
families for "preferring to en-
danger Israel's security rather
than wait another year or two for
their loved ones."
sion, on the other hand, won some
backing for giving preeminence to
the ethical considerations involv-'
ed. "Sensitivity to human life is
what differentiates Israel from its
neighbors," opined Hatzofeh. the
religious party daily. 'This extra
sensitivity sometimes weakens
Israel's bargaining position .
but stems from greatness," said
its editors.
Several security experts felt the
heavy price paid by Israel in the
exchange compromised the state
in its stand against international
terror. "Never again will Israel be
able to condemn other countries
for submitting to blackmail," said
General (res.) Shlomo Gazit,
former IDF chief of military in-
telligence. "We can no longer say
Israel is in the forefront of
fighting terror," he added.
Some officials in the defense
establishment believe that the ex-
change will fuel further terror at-
tacks against Israel. "Now, an
Arab terrorist setting out on kill-
ing spree knows if he is captured
alive he will only sit in jail for a
few years, until a prisoner swap is
concluded," said a veteran
counter-terrorist operator.
change gave rise to demands for
the death penalty for terrorist
killers. "Executions are
preferable to the killing of
prisoners by our own soldiers or
the release of murderers out of
surrender," said Ze'ev Shiff.
Others, however, disagree on th^ .
deterrent value of capital punish-
ment, noting the spate of suicide
terrorist attacks in Lebanon
The release of so many
dangerous terrorists by Israel
generated pressure, and in-
evitably created a more favorable
political climate for the pardoning
of the Jewish terror conspirators.
With the "Jewish underground"
trials wrapping up soon, the Gush
Emmunim settlers' lobby and
other nationalists have mnuntH a
campaign for the pardon of those
Jews already convicted of ter-
rorism against Arabs and release
of those still facing proceedings.
Their argument "why should
Jews goaded into counter-terror
sit in jail while the worst
murderers are set free?" has
gained considerable support, par-
ticularly in Likud circles.
Several Likud officials, among
them party leaders Yitzhak
Shamir and Ariel Sharon, have
called for the release of the Jewish
underground members.
Significantly, they did not receive
the backing of former Prime
Minister Begin who said that the
prisoners' exchange and Jewish
underground issues ought not be
linked. Peres was able to quell a
brewing coalition crisis by
threatening to resign over the
clemency issue.
DESPITE, the criticism in
Israel over the release of the Arab
terrorists, there was no
widespread support for pardoning
the Jewish underground. "It is
one thing to give in to blackmail to
save innocent lives. It is quite
another to exonerate Israeli
citizens who acted as vigilantes,"
said a Jerusalem eductor.
Echoing this view, the
Jerusalem Post editorialized that
"the price of three Israeli soldiers
has been painfully high, but it
should not now be used as an ex-
cuse to rip up Israel's legal
Some people fear that the
release of the terrorists will also
fuel Kahanism and anti-Arab feel-
ings in Israel. "The image of
Israel as being 'soft on terror' is
just the kind of issue that can win
Kahane new followers," said one
former Likud official.
HAS ISRAEL gone soft on ter-
ror? Surely in its intentions it has
not, but what the implications will
be only time will tell. "Each issue
must be considered on its own
merits," said Rabin, who as Prime
Minister in 1976 gave the order
for the Entebbe rescue.
Israel's frustration and despair
over the high cost of freedom for
its captured soldiers should not be
confused for lack of resolve to
stop terrorism.
where shopping is a pleasure 7 days a week
Publix Bakeries open at 8:00 A.M.
Available at Publix Stores with
Ftfcsh Danish Bakeries Onry.
Freshly Baked, Rye,
Pumpernickel, Homestyle
White or
Italian Bread
Available at Publix Stores with
Freeh Danish Bakeries Only.
Top with Publix Premium
Vanilla Ice Cream
Apple Pie
I Available at PubHx Stores with
Fresh Danish Bakeries Only.
Filled with Your Favorite
Flavor of Ice Cream
Ice Cream Cake
($2.00 Discount with Coupon)
Available at All Publix Stores
and Danish Bakeries.
A Delicious Taste Treat
Bran Muffins.................tSM09
Danish Pecan Ring.......a** $1"
Prices Effective
Sept. 19th thru 25th J985
Available at Publix Stores with Fresh
Danish Bakeries Only.
Topped with Creamy Chocolate
Eclairs...........................2 tor $1
Many Danish Bakeries have a full Una of Jewiah
Item, available. Choose from a selection which
includes, Sponge Cake, Rainbow Bar Cake,
Almond Tarts, Coconut Macaroons, Teglech,
Bowttes and many other items.
*2.00 OFF!
With Thi Coupon ONLY and the Purchase of
Filled with your Favorite Flavor
Ice Cream, 8-Inch Site
Ice Cream Cake
(Coupon Expire* Wed., Sept. 25,1985)
(Vero Beach to Homestead Only)
(One coupon per Item purchased.)
: (Accounting II)

Page 16 The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County/Friday, September 20, 1985
Senior News
The Jewish Community Centers Comprehensive
Senior Service Center is a network of services for seniors
designed to encourage and foster growth, independence
and activity for persons in their later years. Varied services
through a Federal Grant Title III of the Older Americans
Act, awarded by Gulfstream Area Agency on Aging,
enhance the everyday lives of older adalts throughout the
The Jewish Community
Center, Comprehensive Senior
Service Center is pleased to
announce that daily
hot Kosher meals will be
served at the Center at 12:30
p.m. Following lunch, par-
ticipants will have a choice of
attending various programs.
At least two different ac-
tivities will be offered each day
at 1:15 p.m. Buses will leave by
Shamir Visits Japan
Foreign Minister Yitzhak
Shamir left for Japan recently
on the first official visit to that
country by an Israeli diplomat
of his rank. He took with him
high hopes that his trip will
lead to a significant warming
of relations with Japan in the
areas of business and com-
merce as well as diplomacy.
Shamir, who also is Deputy
Premier, was accompanied by
several prominent Israeli in-
dustrialists, among them the
directors general of Tadiron,
Israel's electronics giant, and
El-Op, another nigh-tech
While in Tokyo he was to
confer with Foreign Minister
Shintaro Abe and Prime
Minister Yasuhiro Nakasone.
There was a possibility he
would be received by Emperor
Japan traditionally has been
cautious in its political and
economic relations with Israel,
mainly because it is totally
dependent on the Arab Gulf
states for its oil. The coolness
extends to the commercial
1 sphere. Japan's top auto-
makers, Nissan, Toyota and
Isuzu, have remained aloof
from the Israel market for fear
of encountering the Arab
Nevertheless, Japanese cars
are popular here and the
Subaru Range, manufactured
by one of the smaller com-
panies, is the best-selling vehi-
cle in Israel. Recently, another
Japanese car-maker, Daihatsu,
ignored the boycott and began
selling to Israel. The boycott
has not deterred the major
electronics companies, Sony,
Sanyo and Sharp, which have
been selling their products in
Israel for years.
Shamir will leave again
shortly after Rosh Hashanah
to accompany Premier Shimon
Peres to the opening of the
United Nations General
Assembly in New York.
Israel Banned From Chess Olympiad
will not be allowed to par-
ticipate in next year's chess
Olympiad in the United Arab
Emirates (UAE) because the
World Chess Federation's
General Assembly decided last
year to hold the tournament in
Dubai, which has since refused
entry permits to Israeli
players. The UAE said it did
not grant the permits because
Israel and the UAE are in a
state of conflict. The discus-
sion of this ban was a major
topic of discussion at the
Federation's conference
recently in the Austrian city of
Israel Belfer, the Israeli
delegate to the conference,
said Israel is realistic enough
to know that it will not be able
to break the ban for 1986. But,
he said, "we want the principle
reviewed that never again in
the future could a Federation
event take place without
Federation members being
granted visas."
The Comprehensive
Senior Service Center
needs the following:
Record Player
Tape Recorder
Movie Screen
Adult Games
Call 689-7703 and ask
for Didi if you can fulfill
our wish.
Star Soccer-Player Removed
For Smuggling Heroin Into Israel
TEL AVIV (JTA) Shlomo Shirazi, a popular Israeli
soccer player and fullback in the Betar Jerusalem football
team, has been removed from the national eleven, after he
turned state s witness in a case against himself and seven
others in an alleged burglary and drug ring.
He was detained by police together with the others
mainly from Netanya, on charges of planning and carrvine
out a number of armed thefts in the Netanya area traffick
ing in drugs and smuggling heroin into the country.
SHIRAZI AGREED to turn prosecution witness and
the police have accordingly dropped charges against him
But the national soccer team management said it would be
impossible to allow a man who has implicated himself in
criminal activities to play in the Israeli uniform in interna-
tional games. t
2 p.m. Reservations for lunch
must be made in advance. Call
Carol or Lil at 689-7703 for in-
formation and/or reservations.
Following are programs
scheduled through Sept. 27:
Thursday, Sept. 19, 1:15
p.m. "Exploring the Mean-
ing of the High Holidays
Part II" Ann Lipton Special
Program, after lunch everyone
Friday, Sept. 20, 1:15 p.m.
99th Birthday Celebration of
Jack Kant.
Monday, Sept. 23, 1:15 p.m.
Games, "Arm Chair Travel"
Tuesday, Sept. 24, 1:15 p.m.
Chassidic Melodies of Yom
Kippur Charles and Alice
Wednesday, Sept. 25
Thursday, Sept. 26, 1:15
p.m. Nutrition Education.
Friday, Sept. 27, 1:15 p.m.
The Holiday of Succot
Rabbi Joel Levine of Temple
Judea, Special Program, after
lunch everyone invited.
On Sept. 5, Nina Stillerman,
Coordinator of Volunteers con-
ducted a special training ses-
sion for volunteer Home
Delivered Drivers and Con-
gregate Meal Hostesses.
Carol Fox, Site
Manager/Nutrition Service
Coordinator and Jean Rubin
Director of Senior Program at-
tended and complimented
these dedicated volunteers for
the fine work they are doing.
Refreshments were served.
Volunteers are needed in all
phases of the Jewish Com-
munity Center program.
Become part of the JCC fami-
ly. Call Nina for an interview
Monday through Thursday
from 9 a.m. to 2 p.m. at
The Palm Beach County
School Board Department of
Adult Community Education
provides instructors for a
variety of classes throughout
the year. The Fall sessions of-
ficially begin Oct. 21. Classes
are to be announced. The
following classes are continu-
ing from last year:
Wednesday, 1:15 p.m.
"Fitness Over Sixty," Bea
Bunze, Instructor. Proper
breathing and simple
movements can bring you
greater zest and energy into
your life. Join this class and
improve your everyday living.
No fee but contributions ac-
cepted. This class in ongoing.
Friday, 2:30 p.m. -
"Writers Workshop," Ruth
Graham, Instructor. This class
begins on Oct. 25. A vital
group of creative people meet
weekly to express themselves
in poetry and prose. Advance
registration for this class is
TRIPS Lido Spa Hotel -
Sunday, Oct. 27-Wednesday,
Oct. 30.
Double occupancy, including
gratuities: members $140 per
person, non-members $145 per
Single occupancy, including
gratuities: members $155,
non-members $160.
Make your reservations now
for a fun and health holiday!
Call Nina Stillerman,
Mondays, 2:30 p.m.
"Speakers Club" Meets
every week. No fee.
Tuesdays, 2:30 p.m.
"Timely Topics/Round Table
Discussion A stimulating
group for men and women who
love to discuss and listen to
various topics of the day.
Meets every Tuesday except
the second Tuesday of each
month. No fee.
Second Tuesday Activity,
1:30 p.m. Meets the second
Tuesday of each month. A
variety of stimulating pro-
grams are enjoyed by all.
Refreshments are provided by
the Second Tuesday Council.
Everyone is welcome.
Second Tuesd,.
10 a.m A great M
">UP that meets fl
Tuesday morning eacTJ
Special activities and t-3
683-0852 if you'dll
this group.
Thursdays, 2 i
Assistance." Edie Ren,
surance Coordinator
assists persons with
surance forms and
questions every third"
day of the month PL
689-7703 to aJkJ
Thursdays, 10 a.m. -
Through Movement," L
extension class'at'
Challenger Country QJ
Poinciana, Lake Worth]
Golden, licensed Di
Therapist. On Oct. 1 at 1J
"Joy Through Movement"
begin its seventh year.
cises to slim you down |
prove your posture, daiL
help you relax and loael
awkwardness of mo
and rap sessions to en
to express your fee.
various subjects. Call
964-1455 to register. A i
of 10 lessons is $25. Ma
checks to the Jewish
munity Center. Attire: i
table clothing, polo
shorts or slacks. Class isi
to men and women.
JCC News
The Singles Pursuits (38-58) of the Jewish Commu,
Center are setting aside tables at the "Champagne Un
the Stars" dance to be held at Temple Israel, 1901.,
Flagler Dr., West Palm Beach, Saturday, Sept. 21. r>
ment in the amount of $7 should be made out to Ten
Israel Sisterhood and mailed to Mim Levinson, P.O.
3666, West Palm Beach, FL 33402.
Sunday, Sept. 22, all meet at Toojay's, Loehmann'i
Plaza, Palm Beach Gardens at 11 a.m. for brunch. Bi
Goldberg is hostess and eager to greet one and all.
High School Juniors and Seniors will have the oppor.
ty to take a 20 hour course at the Jewish Communiq
Center in preparation for the Nov. 2 SAT exam.
The Center has made special arrangements for the Ir
W. Katz Educational Consultants to offer their 20 h,
course to help prepare each student to take the exam.
Such topics as insight into the structure and rationale oil
the exam, vocabulary building, techniques for improving!
reading speed and comprehension; review of basic mattl
and grammar and much more will be covered.
Classes will start Tuesday, Oct. 1 from 7-9 p.m. and --,
be held Thursday, Oct. 3, Tuesday, Oct. 8, Thursday. Octl
10, Tuesday, Oct. 15, Thursday, Oct. 17, Tuesday, Oct. 221
Thursday, Oct. 24, Tuesday, Oct. 29 and Thursday. Oct. 31.1
Fee for JCC members is $120 and for non-members $175. A]
$25 deposit to hold the space must be mailed to the Center,!
2415 Okeechobee Blvd., West Palm Beach 33409 by Mob'
day, Sept. 23. Balance to be paid by Oct. 1.
For additional information please call Joel at 689-7700.
The Jewish Community Center's Parent/Toddler pro-i
grams are especially designed for children from six monthH
to 36 months. These programs run for 15 weeks.
The Creeper Caravan group for ages six to 12 months,
held at Camp Shalom (Belvedere Rd. One mile west of the
Turnpike) Mondays from 9:30 to 10:30 a.m. A time to meet 1
new friends and share experiences as well as a place for ex-
ploratory play for parent and child. Fee for JCC members
$45, non-members $55.
Playland for 12 to 18 months old is held Wednesday and
Friday, 9:30 to 10:30 a.m. at Camp or Tuesday and Thurs-
day, 1:30 to 2:30 p.m. at the Center, fee for JCC members,
$75, non-members $90.
Potpourri for ages 18 to 24 months Wednesday and Pri-1
day 10:30 to noon at Camp Shalom or Mondays 1 to 2 p.m.
at the Center. Fee for JCC members $90, non-members
These programs are especially designed to meet It*
needs of the parent and the young child, to introduce ferent materials, encourage the development of motor
skills and parent and child working together.
For additional information please call Gail at 689-7700.

Friday, September 20, 1985/The Jewish Floridian. of Palm.Beach.County Page 17
Restoration Of 'Old Alliance' Sought By Black, Jewish Leaders
Ly of the views of black
Ceressnien indicates that
Vv feel the once strong
iL, of blacks and Jews
Jriorated during; 1984 but
E the alliance still endures,
Lrding to the World Jewish
L Jewish view of the con-
Ion of those relations was
Iressed by Israel Singer,
|C executive director, who
| that "we have not yet ar-
id at the point we would
, to be with the black com-
nity," and he described
.ails of Jewish-sponsored
lograms to increase
Herstanding among blacks
Cut Jews and Israel,
fhe report, described as the
fet of its kind, was based on
lividual interviews con-
ked over a five-month
period with members of the
Congressional Black Caucus.
The report surveyed the at-
titudes of the black Con-
gressmen on social and
political issues affecting rela-
tionships between the two
The findings were assessed
at the first of a series of
private meetings between
black and Jewish leaders, held
in the House of Represen-
tatives, convened by Edgar
Bronfman, WJC president,
and Rep. Mickey Leland (D.,
Tex.), chairman of the Caucus.
Bronfman said the purpose of
the survey and of the meeting,
"was to lay the groundwork
for encouraging mutual
understanding on the leader-
ship level and for promoting
substantive cooperation bet-
ween the two communities."
The report is based on inter-
views with 16 of the 21
members of the Caucus in the
98th Congress. The survey,
conducted by Dr. Kitty Cohen,
faculty member of the
American University in
Washington, D.C. and a con-
sultant to the WJC, was com-
missioned by the WJC and the
interreligious and community
relations department of the
World Zionist Organization.
The image of the Jewish
community, as perceived by
the black community, is of an
ethnic community economical-
ly well-off, politically organiz-
ed, powerful and part of the
ruling establishment. But the
Jewish community, though
considered part of the white
community, is still
remembered as an ally in the
civil rights movement and still
a strong partner in the social
change process.
The majority of the black
Congressmen attribute the
deterioration in relations to
Jewish reactions to
Democratic Presidential con-
tender Jesse Jackson's hateful
and scornful remarks involv-
ing Jews and Israel.
The Congressmen are aware
of differences with Jews on af-
firmative action and on quotas.
The Congressmen feel that
Jews see quotas as a ceiling to
their aspirations, but blacks
see quotas as a means of
achieving the goal of social
justice. Blacks see quotas as a
The respondents are almost
unanimous in believing that
joint black-Jewish efforts can
help influence policy-making
on such issues as appointment
policy to the Civil Rights Com-
mission, and appointment of
minority representatives to
the Supreme Court. The
Caucus members share the
Black, Jewish Teens Share Heritage In Africa, Israel
Assistant Director,
Philadelphia Chapter
roup of 12 black and Jewish
En-agers from this city shed
firs together at Yad Vashem
[Jerusalem and at He Goree
1 Senegal, West Africa, site
(slave shipments to America.
ley spent a month visiting
pel and Senegal on a trip
imned by black and Jewish
dership in Philadelphia led
[ George Ross, former board
airman of the American
fw'Ah Oonrrttrittjie's
Hfidelpnia'cSfipW. SHAW*'
pp. William Gray III (D.,
|'I saw the strength of both
ople," said Loree Jones,
dling both countries upon
return home. "The slaves
It by by being strong. And in
pel, Jews had hope and
urage to protect their lives
and their homeland."
The themes of strength gain-
ed from history and hope to be
shaped in the future were
repeated frequently as the
students spoke of black-Jewish
relations and the lessons learn-
ed from their travels.
"We participated in
something that's never been
done before. One of the main
points that came out is how
close we got. We bared our
souls to each other," said
Steven Segal, a senior from
Girard College in Philadelphia.
"We learned so much," they
all agreed. "Each night, we
..{M ^.fe^S.^.differetit
things affected us, said
Tamara Ross of Bodine High
School for International Af-
fairs. "We each found our
place in the group and learned
to work together," Jones add-
ed. "And it wasn't just us, but
we could look to the adults,
like Congressman Gray and
Mr. Ross working together, to
see what black-Jewish rela-
tions could be," she continued.
The project, over 11 months
in the planning was originally
suggested by Gray after he
learned of a black student trip
to an Israeli Kibbutz. He ex-
panded the idea to include
black and Jewish students and
a visit to African culture.
For the Jewish students,
seeing their own roots with
black friends took on special
poignancy. "If you grow up
not knowing you should hate
each other, we can start young
and be an example for others
to show we can get along. I
want to share with everyone in
'Philadelphia i and everywhere
that it can be done, and it will
be done," stated Steve Segal.
At Beit Hatefutzot in Tel
Aviv, the students began to
understand the history of exile
and dispersion of Jewry
around the world and the cen-
trality of Israel to Jews. "I
brought back an impression
fforts Begun To Increase American Tourism To Israel
pials and representatives of
ading hotel, airline and
lurism groups met with pro-
minent Jewish business
ders for two hours recently
an effort to devise new
Jethods to increase American
urism to Israel to boost
Nel's beleaguered economy.
[Max Fisher of Detroit told
porters after the private
Meting that tourism is the se-
pnd fastest growing interna-
onal industry, second only to
N petroleum industry. He
P said that Israel's tourist
nlities are currently being
- even with tourism
owing at only about half
Peir capacity.
[*!* meeting was under the
r?PIces of the tourism com-
P'Uee of Operation In-
endence, a group formed
wally last February and
insisting of a task force of
p 100 international Jewish
FBiness leaders seeking to
H> strengthen Israel's
ronomy. Fisher is chairman
. Operation Independence,
1X1 of the tourism committee.
[While he did not reveal
** of the meeting, Fisher
HlJJjnced that Operation In-
^Mence has recieved a
commitment from national
rabbinical and congregational
leadership of the major bran-
ches of Judaism for rabbis in
some 2,500 synagogues in the
United States and Canada to
announce a new program to
expand Jewish tourism in
Fisher, an industrialist and
long time activist within the
American Jewish community
he was founding chairman
of the Board of Governors of
the Jewish Agency told
reporters at the Harmome
Club that Operation In-
dependence is a 10-year pro-
ject that will deal with other
economic issues such as ex-
ports from Israel.
"Israel within the next
decade has to establish its
economic independence, and
not depend on handouts" from
the U.S., Fisher said. Israel is
provided with some $4 billion a
year in economic and military
aid from the United States.
Fisher said the goal of the
tourism effort is to increase
the number of visitors to Israel
by some 500,000 after five
years. It was noted that more
citizens of West Germany visit
Israel than American Jews on
a yearly basis.
Operation Independence
Max Fisher
leaders held their first plenary
meeting in Jerusalem
September 10 to 13. Premier
Shimon Peres has said Opera-
tion Independence has assum-
ed "critical importance in
Israel's efforts to arrest infla-
tion and stabilize its trade
deficit. He addressed the
plenary meeting.
In Jerusalem, the task force
was divided into eight working
trroups, each dealt with a
specific field of business activi-
ty. They were exports of con-
sumer goods to the U.S.; ex-
ports of industrial goods to the
U S tourism; capital invest-
ment; trade with Europe and
Africa; sale of government-
owned companies; special pro-
jects; and legislation.
about the culture, the state of
mind, the hopes and fears of
the Jewish people," Jones ex-
plained. "They will be strong
to protect their homeland
and Blacks know what it
means to be strong." Tony
Stills was impressed that "no
matter what happened to
Jews, they are a family."
Part of the itinerary was
planned to allow the students
time to discuss the differences
in perceptions, feelings and
history about themselves and
the two other countries. In
Senegal "people were very
proud of their heritage and
also of their technological ad-
vances. Past $nd present.were
mixed together wherever we
went," added Brett Singer of
George Washington High
School. Singer learned that
Senegalese today often repeat
their names in greeting since
"slaves were stripped of
everything their identity,
their names, their clothes. So,
to say your name over and
over meant you were proud of
who you were." Jews and
blacks alike were impressed
with Senegalese hospitality.
"There is so much poverty,
and yet they shared anything
they had with you," said
Michele Seligman, of Girls
High School.
The students will be speak-
ing to the press, radio and
television before returning to
school and addressing
assemblies and youth groups
throughout the year. Irving
Broudy, a member of the
board of the AJC Committee's
Philadelphia chapter, added
"the leadership and planning
committee made lasting
friendships in working on the
project, and that is one impor-
tant result too. And the
parents formed a network
when one child would call from
overseas, they let each other
know the latest news. So at all
levels, we made friendships
that will last." The Planning
Committee hopes to make the
project an annual event.
Whether pushing the tour
bus out of the mud in rainy-
season Senegal, or having the
"incredible, unbelievable" ex-
perience of climbing Masada,
the students agreed with
Steve Segal's summary: "We
can start young and be an ex-
ample for others to show how
we got along. Barriers that
might exist can be broken
conviction that the two com-
munities can achieve more
together than they can
Impediments to cooperation
between the two groups are
seen mainly in the misconcep-
tions they hold about each
other, and lack of mutual
understanding. Other
obstacles are priorities dif-
ferences, an obvious example
being Jewish preoccupation
with Israel.
All agreed that there is
social discrimination against
Jews but some said it is not as
bad as in the past and not as
bad as that against the blacks.
Most agreed that Jews, direct-
ly or indirectly, discriminate
against blacks.
Israel's ties with South
Africa are cited for the
negative view in the black
community of the ties between
the American Jewish com-
munity and Israel.
Notwithstanding the
negative perception by blacks
of Israel as theocracy, most of
the black answers reflect a
positive view of Israel as a
democracy and as a nation
whose problems are not
primarily racial. They
unanimously support aid to
Israel, differing only in the
amount of aid they favor.
Most Congressmen proved
to be unaware of Israeli op-
position to apartheid. Many
pointed out that American
blacks are simply unaware of
Jewish opposition to
Jackson's primary campaign
was seen as having a positive
impact on the black communi-
ty.. .but .the... mmttmdaDts
understood it had a negative
impact on black-Jewish rela-
tions. Jackson's position both
on international issues, such as
Israel and the Palestinian
Arabs, and on domestic mat-
ters, relating to his
"Hymietown" remark and
Black Muslim leader Louis
Farrakhan and the media's
major reporting on such mat-
ters increased tension bet-
ween Jews and blacks.
Singer, in nis comments,
said Jews were "somewhat
disappointed at the lack of a
black outcry about Farrakhan,
both in Congress and in the
black community."
Singer said, "We Jews don't
fear that kind of phenomenon.
We attack (Rabbi Meir)
Kahane when Jewish racism
lifts its ugly head, often and
early, and we expect the same
from our co-dissidents in the
black-Jewish dialogue."
He added that Jews
understood "the fear" blacks
have about "the thugs"
around Farrakhan. "What we
are trying to do in this
dialogue is to strengthen the
center and the intelligent
moderates in the black com-
munity by meeting them
halfway and even further on
their concerns, domestic and
On specific actions, Singer
said there are students visiting
Israel this summer, and there
are scholarship programs for
such visits by black students.
He said a program was in place
for this fall for visits to Israel
by groups of American black
leaders, including Con-
gressmen, to observe at first
hand the process of absorption
of Ethiopian Jewish

Page 18 The Jewish Floridian of Palpi Bead) County/Friday, September 20, 1985
Iniquity, Sin and Repentance
Jewish Federation of
Palm Beach County
The quality and character of
the High Holy Days differ
from all other holidays in the
Jewish year. The 10-day
period, beginning with Rosh
Hashanah (the Jewish New
Year) on the first of the
Hebrew month of Tishrei and
concluding with Yom Kippur
(Day of Atonement) on the
tenth of Tishrei, is known as
Yamim Noraim the days of
The feeling of Yom Kippur is
not one of mourning, but
rather one of seriousness. The
Kol Nidre chant sets the tone
for the day of fasting and soul-
searching. More a legal for-
mula that a prayer, it ex-
presses the idea that man's
plans and promises, no matter
how earnest, cannot always be
fulfilled. In the coming year
as in the past year promises
made to God and to the wor-
shipper himself may be wiped
clean fi m the slate. However,
those c mmitments made to
one's fellow man are not so
easily eradicated; this is an
issue between man and man.
The Hebrew word chet is
usually translated in English
as "sin." This, however, is not
a translation which carries the
message of the Hebrew. Chet
has its origins in archery, and
the term is used to indicate
"missing the mark." Such is
the Jewish concept of sin
the missing of one's goal, los-
ing sight of the important
things in life. Among those
spelled out are sinning through
word of mouth, abuse of
Rabbi Alan Sherman
power, disrespect for parents
and teachings, exploitation of
one's neighbor. As a nation
we are also guilty of
underachievement. Having the
knowledge and the means,
why can't we accomplish in the
social field what we have done
in the field of science?
Not living up to our potential
is not only a sin against God
but it is also a sin against
ourselves since that person
makes of himself a lesser
human being. In this regard a
noted author once remarked
that "we are not punished for
our sins but by them." As our
prayers relate:
Forgive your neighbors the
wrongs they have done you,
and when you pray, your sins
will be forgiven.
If I nurse anger against
can I ask pardon of the Lord?
Showing no pity for one like
can I then plead for my own
If I. a creature of flesh, nourish
who will forgive me my sins?
High Holy Day Services
Congregation Beth Kodesh
of Bovnton Beach will observe
the Sabbath of Penitence with
special services at 8:15 p.m.,
Friday, Sept. 20 and 9 a.m.,
Saturday, Sept. 21. Rabbi
Avrom L. Drazin will discuss
"Penitence, the Art of Return-
ing" on Friday night. Cantor
Abraham Raster will chant the
Yom Kippur will begin with
Kol Nidrei at 7 p.m., Tuesday.
Sept. 24. Rabbi Drazin's ser-
mon will ask "Is It Possible to
Forget the Synagogue?" Yom
Kippur services will begin at 9
a.m., Wednesday Sept. 25.
Yizkor Memorial services will
begin at 11:30 a.m. Rabbi
Drazin will ask "How Do We
Know What To Remember?"
Closing services will begin at 5
p.m. with Mincha, followed by
Neilah at 6:30 p.m. The shofar,
marking the end of the fast,
will be sounded at approx-
imately 7:30 p.m.
Ethiopians Demonstrate
Ethiopian Jewish immigrants
demonstrated outside the offices
of the Chief Rabbinical Council
last week, charging that the Coun-
cil was not honoring an agreement
to facilitate marriages within the
Ethiopian community.
Leaders of the community met
with Premier Shimon Peres last
week to air their complaints.
Peres was instrumental in getting
the Chief Rabbinate to agree to
sanction marriages of Ethiopian
couples who could prpve they are
Jewish. Otherwise they would
have to undergo ritual immersion.
a religious conversion rite.
The Chief Rabbi originally
demanded that all members of the
Ethiopian emigre community per-
form the ritual and would not
allow them to marry if they refus-
ed. The Ethiopians, all devout
practitioners of Judaism, de-
nounced this as an insult which
cast doubt on their authenticity as
The agreement was expected to
end the conflict which has marred
the absorption of the Ethiopian
Jews since their arrival in Israel
last year. The community leaders
now say it has not been honored.
Iniquity can be described as
the Sin of Passion. When King
David committed the sin of
passion with Bathsheba he
prayed: "Master of the
Universe, forgive me this ini-
quity," (Sanhedrin 107a).
Cain, who murdered his
brother Abel in a moment of
passionate and uncontrollable
jealousy, cried out: "My iniqui-
ty is greater than I can bear."
We commit iniquities, like
David and Cain, when we are
under the influence of a great
urge that gets hold of us.
becomes irresistible, and dic-
tates our actions. Our own ini-
quities need not lead only to
criminal crimes. Many times in
the heat of anger we hurt
those we love by uttering an
uncalled for insult. Many
times, after a wrong has been
committed against us, our
heated passion leads us to take
revenge. Iniquities committed
in the heat of passion can be
corrected if we would only
think before we act.
Forgiveness, however, by
itself is inadequate. It must be
coupled with a sincere desire
for repentance, to say to
ourselves, "I can do better."
The theme of repentance
has, through time, been the
response of the Jewish
recognition of the frailty of
man. Judaism cannot tolerate
the pagan notion that one
shows himself "unmanly" and
loses face by admitting himself
to be at fault. The Greek
philosophers also had nothing
praiseworthy to say about
repentance. To their way of
thinking, good men do no
wrong and even a penitent is
an evil person. They tended to
believe in absolute forms of
good and evil.
In Jewish thought, to stand
in need of repentance is no
shame. Yet, too many of us, in-
stead of searching inside our
souls for our own shortcom-
ings, choose to pass judgment
on that of our neighbors'. It is
easy to be critical of others,
but it takes a mature person to
pass judgment on himself.
Rabbi Israel Salanter once
said: "It is usual for a man to
express concern for his own
body and for his neighbor's
soul. He doesn't worry about
his own soul nor about his
neighbor's body. The reverse
should occur if man is to re-
pent. Man should pay more
concern to his soul than he
does to his body. He need not
concern himself about the soul
of his neighbor but rather
make certain to provide for his
mundane needs.
The most poignant moment
of the day comes in the con-
cluding service, the very last
moments of Yom Kippur as
the sun's shadow covers more
and more of the earth. "You
desire not the death of the sin-
ner, but that he return to You
and live. Wide open are the
gates of Your forgiveness to
all who truly seek to be
Then in a final reminder the
great call of the shofar is-
sounded, and the Yamim
Noraim comes to a close.
BEACHES: Services held Friday 8:15 p.m. and Sauad,
a.m. at The Jewish Community Day School, 5801 ParWi
West Palm Beach. Mailing address: 5737 Okeechobee RM
Palm Beach 33409. Phone 478-2922. Rabbi Howard J
Hazzan Israel Barzak.
Palm Beach 33409. Phone 684-3212. Rabbi Isaac VandeH
Cantor Mordecai Spektor. Daily: 8:30 a.m. and 5:30 p.m. Pn
8:30 a.m., 5 p.m. and a late service at 8:15 p.m., followed bv(
Shabbat. Saturday: 8:30 a.m., 5 p.m., Mincha followed bvI
501 N.E. 26 Avenue, Boynton Beach 33435. Phone 586-9
Rabbi Avrom L. Drazin, Cantor Abraham Koster. Mondav I
a.m.; Thursday 8:30 a.m. Sabbath services, Friday 8:15
Saturday 9 a.m.
GOLDEN LAKES TEMPLE: 1470 Golden Lakes Rlvd wJ
Palm Beach 33411. Phone 689-9430. Rabbi Joseph Speiser.E
services 8:15 a.m. and 5:30 p.m. Sabbath services Friday |
p.m. Saturday 9 a.m., 5 p.m., Mincha followed by Sholosh !"
Methodist Chapel. 165 Ohio Road, Lake Worth. Mailing add.
6996 Quince Lane, Lake Worth, FL 33467. Phone 965-6053.1
day night services 8:15 p.m., Saturday 9 a.m. Rabbi Richard!
TEMPLE BETH DAVID: 4657 Hood Road, Palm Beach Ga_
33418. Phone 694-2350. Rabbi William Marder. Cantor Eanl
Rackoff. Sabbath services, Friday 8 p.m. Saturday 10 a.m.
TEMPLE BETH EL: 2815 No. Flagler Dr., West Palm L
33407. Phone 833-0339. Cantor Elaine Shapiro. Sabbath ser
Friday 6:30 p.m. (June 14-July 26), Saturday 9:30 a.m. I
nyan 8:15 a.m.. Sunday and legal holidays 9 a.m.
TEMPLE BETH SHOLOM: 315 N. "A" Street. Lake Wa
33460. Phone 585-5020. Rabbi Emanuel Eisenberg. 0
Howard Dardashti. Services Monday and Thursday 8:15
Friday 8:15 p.m., Saturday 9 a.m.
TEMPLE BETH SHOLOM: 224 N.W. Avenue G. Belle L
33430. Sabbath services Friday, 8:30 p.m. Phone 996-3886.
TEMPLE BETH ZION: Lions Club, 700 Camelia Dr.,
Palm Beach. Mailing address: PO Box 104,650 Royal Palm 1
Royal Palm Beach, FL 33411. Sabbath services Friday 8 .
Saturday 8:45 a.m. Rabbi Seymour Friedman. Phone 793->ll
TEMPLE B'NAI JACOB: 2177 So. Congress Ave., Westl
Beach 33406. Phone 433-5957. Rabbi Dr. Morris Silberman.l
tor Hyman Lifshin. Sabbath services, Friday 8 p.m., Sati
and holidays 9 a.m., Monday and Thursday 9 a.m.
TEMPLE EM AM -EL: 190 North County Road. Palm _
33480. Phone 832-0804. Rabbi Joel Chazin, Cantor David
dashti. Sabbath services, Friday 6 p.m.; Saturday 9 a.m.
Abraham: 3257 S.E. Salerno Road, Port Salerno. 287-8833. \
ing Address: P.O. Box 2996, Stuart, FL 33495. Services F
evenings 8 p.m. and first Saturday of each month 10 a.m.
Beach. Phone 689-4675. Sabbath services 9 a.m. and 5 p.m. 1
services 8:15 a.m. and 6:30 p.m.
857146. Port St. Lucie, FL 33452. Friday night services 8 p.i
Saturday morning 10:30 a.m. Phone 465-6977.
Parkway Street, Jupiter. Phone 747-1109. Rabbi Alfred L. Fried-i
man. Services Friday 8 p.m.
TEMPLE BETH EL: 4600 Oleander Avenue. Fort Pierce, Fll
33450. Phone 461-7428.
TEMPLE BETH SHALOM: St. Helens Parish Hall, ajl
Avenue and Victory Blvd., Vero Beach 32960, mailing addressi
P.O. Box 2113, Vero Beach, FL 32961-2113. Rabbi Richard Bf
Messing. Phone 1-569-0180.
TEMPLE BETH TORAH: at Wellington Elementary School]
13000 Paddock Dr., West Palm Beach. Mailing address: P.O.Bofl
17008, West Palm Beach, FL 33406. Friday services 8:15 p*l
Rabbi Steven R. Westman. Cantorial Soloist Elliot Rosenbumi
Phone 793-2700.
TEMPLE ISRAEL: 1901 No. Flagler Dr., West Palm B*j
33407. Phone 833-8421. Rabbi Howard Shapiro, Cantor RoWl
Bloch. Sabbath services, Friday 8 p.m.
TEMPLE JUDEA: at St. Catharine's Greek Orthodox Churjl
Social Hall, 4000 Washington Rd.. at Southern Boulevard !*
Joel L. Levine. Cantor Anne Newman. Mailing address: 5l
Okeechobee Blvd., West Palm Beach, FL 33409. Phone 471

Friday, September 20, l$85m Jewish Floridian of Palm Attach County Pafefe 19
I Sunday. Sept. 29, a
Ld-dish supper will be
|at Temple Israel. Reser-
Insare a must. Phone calls
|e office must be made by
day. Sept. 26. Each fami-
[ |l bring its own main
L the Sisterhood will pro-
fail the fixings including
Lt and beverages. After
jieal is completed, services
fbe held in the Sukkah in
lourtyard. The Sukkah has
I decorated by the Youth
lp 9th through 12th
jes. Kiddush will be in the
Eh, conducted by Rabbi
lard Shapiro and Cantor
Robert Bloch.
Monday, Sept. 30, is the first
day of Sukhot. Services will
begin at 10:30 a.m. Rabbi
Howard Shapiro will explain
the meaning of Sukhot and
how it relates to Reform
Sukhot is the beginning of
our Food Pantry. It is tradi-
tional that each person atten-
ding a service or function dur-
ing the entire month of Oc-
tober bring a contribution to
the Temple. Temple Israel
received an award from
UAHC for its outstanding
work in behalf of Social Ac-
tion, and is the only synagogue
in Palm Beach County to par-
ticipate in their Joint Project
with the Methodist Churches.
Items that are needed are as
follows: Baby food, canned
juices, canned fruits and
vegetables, stews, soups,
meat, poultry, rice, single-
serving canned items for per-
sons living alone, detergents,
personal hygiene products and
other non-perishables.
Services for the Sabbath of
Repentance will be held on Fri-
day, Sept. 20 at 8 p.m. at St.
Catherine's Cultural Center.
Rabbi Joel Levine and Cantor
Anne Newman will conduct a
Memorial Service Planned At Menorah Gardens
ibbi Alan Sherman,
plain of the Jewish Federa-
of Palm Beach County,
| conduct a Days of Repen-
memorial service on
ay, September 22 at 11
at Menorah Gardens
Cemetery off Beeline Highway
in West Palm Beach.
The annual memorial service
is traditionally held at
Menorah Gardens and other
Jewish cemeteries throughout
the world on the Sunday bet-
ween Rosh Hashanah and Yom
Kippur. Special commemora-
tion of the Jewish martyrs and
those who perished in the
Holocaust will be included.
For information,
Menorah Gardens.
Jewish Agency Feeling Impact
Continued from Page 2-
Rained Kleiner.
Vhen large numbers of im-
fcrants arrive, like the
liopians did. many have to
placed in hotels, which is an
rly dependent situation and
, which we would- prefer to
|id. Again a money pro-
n," reiterated Kleiner.
Israel, as in all countries
^re the GNP stops growing
inflation rises, housing
are negligible. In the
i and '60s, Kleiner observ-
I new immigrants spent ap-
pximately six months in an
orption center and then
were able to function in
pety by finding a place to
and a job close to home.
s, and places to live near
es of employment, are
i much harder to find now.
he Jewish Agency's rural
Element program has been
an integral part of Israel's
long-term development, but it
too is facing a monetary
crunch. In the past farmers
starting out on rural set-
tlements were given lump-sum
grants for initial living ex-
Eenses and capital needs,
[owever, when these grants
are reduced, then less land is
developed for independent far-
ming, so fewer farms come in-
to being, become self-
sustaining and produce capital
goods for the economy. "When
the money needed for capital
development trickles instead
of rushes in, then a farm
doesn't come on-line for ten
years, whereas in better times
this would take four years,"
Kleiner said.
"With enough money, the
Jewish Agency and the people
of Israel wouldn't have these
particular problems," Kleiner
Candle lighting Time
Sept. 20 7:01 p.m.
Sept. 27 6:53 p.m.
stated, and he indicatd that
this year's Federation-UJA
campaign effort will call atten-
tion to the need for increased
giving by committed Jews.
"Our funds can't prevent
wars, unfortunately, or create
oil underground in Tel Aviv,
but we can alleviate social
pressures in Israel very suc-
cessfully," concluded Kleiner.
"We can feed and clothe and
equip more kids for a bright
future. We can establish more
viable economic sub-units on
farms and in our Project
Renewal neighborhoods. If we
can spend more time with new
immigrants, we can do a more
adequate job of integrating the
new citizens with the Israelis
who came ten years ago. Now
frankly, that's our role next
year. Who can say 'No, I won't
five one more dollar' when the
sraelis have their backs to the
wall like this?" asked Kleiner.
"All it will take is a little
more from everyone," said
Kleiner, "to accomplish a lot
more overseas and in our com-
munty as well."
Area Deaths
brief service followed by a
roundtable discussion on Rabbi
Levine's Rosh Hashanah
The discussion will center on
the themes: "The Reform Jew
and the Freedom to Choose"
and "The Reform Jew and
God." Members of the con-
gregation will have the oppor-
tunity to engage in dialogue
with Rabbi Levine and further
explore the meaning of the
High Holy Day season
Following the roundtable
discussion, the congregation
will participate in an oneg
shabbat sponsored by the
Sisterhood. For more informa-
tion, call the office.
Tickets are still available for
Yom Kippur Services, meeting
at St. Catherine's Cultural
Center. Rabbi Joel Levine and
Cantor Newman will officiate.
On Kol Nidre night, Tues-
day, Sept. 24 at 8 p.m., Rabbi
Levine will continue his High
Holy Day sermon series on "A
Reform View of the Reform
Jew." He will speak on "The
Reform View of the Reform
People." On Yom Kippur,
Wednesday, Sept. 25, at 10
a.m., Rabbi Levine will speak
on "The Reform Jew and
Social Concerns."
The Annual High Holy Day
"Ask the Rabbi" discussion
will be held at 12:30 p.m.,
Family Services will be con-
ducted by members of the
Senior Youth Group at 1:30
Continued from Page 3-
w up in a world of peace.
make our dreams realities,
have to do our part. If we
it take the time, make the
prt and make the commit-
f\ financially and emo-
Hy. we can't have the
P?. Project Renewal has
Ha neW reality to -^ ,e
po had no future but who still
ftft*h Homans has work-
['"ooth Israel and America
m the dreams of the
. I. pe?P'e realized, and
vaJues her work with Pro-
Renewal most highly.
t}w best thing I've done
Wd % *?Israe1-" she
fnea- Working with Pro-
ject Renewal has given me the
opportunity to work with
Israelis and make a contribu-
tion to make sure the state ex-
ists forever."
The direct Israel-Diaspora
connection constitutes the
backbone of Project Renewal
and is the reason for the pro-
gram's overwhelming success.
As Elizabeth Homans conclud-
ed, "People in the Diaspora
have helped provide the future
in Israel, and Project Renewal
has helped these residents
learn that they have a future.
We in America have opened
the door so that they can walk
into the future. Sometimes we
have to hold their hand, but
sooner> or later they 11 walk
p.m. Ral>hi Levine will be the
moderator of a panel on
Jewish Survival at 2:30 p.m.
Afternoon, Yizkor and Con-
cluding Services begin at 3
p.m. with Rabbi Levine speak-
ing on "The Reform Jew and
Afterlife." Tickets are re-
quired for the Yizkor Service.
For information about
tickets, call the Temple office.
Membership includes tickets
for the High Holy Day
* urotogy and ttroiogHw/ iurgert peoUdtn
dtsontm femmde mconitetenve and ft/Mr'
disorders *iwr of the btmddet ami pntsimte '
I tmrr ntrgrrv mntbohc and ullra\.mnd
management of kidney none? mole wxwai
dy%fmmnon ond imptant surgery *
Diplomaie. American Board of Urology
Graduaie. Harvard Medical School
Mauachutem General Hospilai
Harvard Program in Lroloav
offfot hours by appointment
Flagler Square Madical Buiidrng
1840 Forest Hill Boulevard.
WM Palm Beaten
Wishes To All Of You A Happy New Year
New Office hours
Monday thru Friday 9-5
By appointment only
4847 Fred Gladstone Dr.
Wast Palm Beach, FL 334171
Phone: 471-5111, Ext. 182
Boris, 80, of West Palm Beach. Riverside
Guardian Funeral Home. Weat Palm Beach
Haxel, 82, of 1501 S. Flagler Drive, Weat
Palm Beach. Riveraide Guardian Funeral
Home, Weat Palm Beach.
Mary, 75. of Century Village, Weat Palm
Beach. Levitt-Weinitein Guaranteed
Security Plan Chapel, Weat Palm Beach.
Henrietta, 74, of Weat Palm Beach
Menorah Gardens and Funeral Chapels,
West Palm Beach.
Mabel, of Pine Road, West Palm Beach
Miiell Faville-Zern Guardian Plan Chapel,
West Palm Beach.
Rose 84, of Century Village. West Palm
Beach. Riverside Guardian Funeral Home,
West Palm Beach.
Rosa B., of 100 Paradise Harbour Blvd. in
North Palm Beach. Riverside Guardian
Funeral Home. West Palm Beach.
Marv 75 of West Palm Beach. Menorah
Gardens and Funeral Chapels, West Palm
Check why it makes sense
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Page 20 The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County/Friday, September 20, 1985
Youth Village Alum Wins Volunteerism Award
Gershon Levy, a retired
agricultural consultant and
alumnus of Hadassah's Meir
Shfeya Youth Village, has
been cited by the International
Conference of Volunteerism
for his "exceptional service to
Levy was recognized for his
volunteer work in organizing
and teaching vocational train-
ing courses.ior youths in a pro-
gram sponsored by the Israel
Defense Forces during the
conference's recent meeting
Prior to becoming involved
in the IDF youth training pro-
gram, Mr. Levy spent several
years in Africa under the
auspices of the Israeli Interna-
tional Development Coopera-
tion project where he taught
modern farming techniques
and organized agricultural
clubs in remote villages. Levy
also taught first-aid to
villagers and organized
cultural programs for youth.
Later Levy serviced as Pro-
gram Coordinator for
UNICEF in Central Africa and
supervised agricultural, com-
munity development and
health programs in seven
Levy attributes his success
and his humanitarian impulses
to the values instilled in him by
the Meir Shfeya village. Meir
Shfeya, originally an
agricultural high school for
girls, was adopted by
Hadassah in 1924. As the
village grew, the school admit-
ted both girls and boys, and at
the insistence of Henrietta
Szold Hadassah's founder
formed a close association with
Youth Aliyah.
"Shfeya rehabilitated me
completely," he says. "I was
taught there the importance of
four great priciples: work as a
spiritual value; study; the
group; service to society ... I
often think of how easily I
could have taken a wrong
direction in my life, if it had
not been for Henrietta Szold
and the village of Meir
The first meeting of the new season of thp \ha n_. i
Chapter will be hefd on Monday, Sept 23 1 Dm t^
Sunrise Bank meeting room in the Gun Club faJ-
Center, 4645 Gun Club Road, West Palm Beach. M
This will be a business meeting for all members to di**.
and plan projects for the coming year.
Husbands and friends are invited.
Future event: Nov. 25-29, Cruise on the S.S. Emerald]


The victim of breast cancer is not always
the older woman. Or the woman with a
history of breast cancer in her family.
Or the woman who "doesn't take care
of herself'
The truth is, one in every eleven
women will develop breast cancer during
her lifetime.
In the time it takes you to study this ad,
three more women will have developed
the disease.
And one more woman will die from it.
If you're a woman, there's only one intel-
ligent way to protect yourself against
breast cancer: Early detection.
By setting up a monthly routine of
Breast Self Examination, you can often
detect any abnormality leading to breast
cancer in its earliest, most curable stages.
Unfortunately, not all forms of breast
cancer can be easily discovered in a typical
manual exam.
That's why we're asking women past
the age of 35 to set up one more lifesaving
An annual visit to the new Diagnostic
Breast Center.
At JFK, we understand how frightening
the idea of breast cancer is to a woman.
And that's why we're so committed to
our Diagnostic Breast Center. We want
to help you live without that fear.
In a simple one-hour visit, you'll be
shown a film and given thorough instruc-
tions on the lifesaving habit of BSE
(Breast Self Examination).
You'll also receive a private, profes
sional examination and a safe, low-dose
And, depending upon the results of
these tests, you'll be introduced to such
sophisticated procedures as Transillumina-
hon (light scan) and Ultrasound. New
technologies that can diagnose even the
most subtle abnormality quickly, safely, |
You won't need a physician's refemiItoj
visit the Diagnostic Breast Center. SinfT
call 433-36/3 for an appointment m0
our office hours, 8:30 AM to 5 PM,
day through Friday. '
Remember, there is no typical breaa
cancer victim. A
That one woman in eleven looks va
much like vou.
150 JFK Circle, Atlantis, Florida 33460

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