The Jewish Floridian of South Broward

Material Information

The Jewish Floridian of South Broward
Portion of title:
Jewish Floridian
Running title:
Jewish Floridian and Shofar of Greater Hollywood
Running title:
Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood
Added title page title:
Jewish Floridian of South County
Place of Publication:
Hollywood, Fla
Fred Shochet
Creation Date:
April 13, 1990


Subjects / Keywords:
Jewish newspapers -- Florida ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Hollywood (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Broward County (Fla.) ( lcsh )
newspaper ( marcgt )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Broward -- Hollywood


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 13, no. 23 (Nov. 11, 1983)-
Numbering Peculiarities:
Issue for July 7, 1989 called no. 11 but constitutes no. 13.
Numbering Peculiarities:
Numbering in masthead and publisher's statement conflict: Aug. 4, 1989 called no. 14 in masthead and no. 15 in publisher's statement.
General Note:
The Apr. 20, 1990 issue of The Jewish Floridian of South County is bound in and filmed with v. 20 of The Jewish Floridian of South Broward.
General Note:
Title from caption.

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Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
Copyright Fred K. Shochet. Permission granted to University of Florida to digitize and display this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Resource Identifier:
44513894 ( OCLC )
sn 00229542 ( LCCN )

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Jewish Floridian
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Full Text
Volume 20 Number 8
Hollywood, Florida Friday, April 13, 1990
Price 35 Cents
Labor Claims New Coalition
aura of mystery and tension
hung over the Labor Party's
announcement that it had
succeeded in forming a new
coalition government.
Labor Party leader Shimon
Peres formally notified Presi-
dent Chaim Herzog and asked
Knesset Speaker Dov Shi-
lansky to call the 120-member
legislative body out of recess
for a vote of confidence.
Peres' formal notification
was delivered to Herzog by
Dalia Goren, secretary of
Labor's Knesset faction. A
copy went to Shilansky, who
said he would consult with
Attorney General Yosef Har-
ish about convening the Knes-
But apart from those brief
announcements, no hint was
given of where Labor found
the votes needed to break the
60-60 Knesset deadlock that
has prevailed since the Likud-
Labor unity government col-
lapsed under Labor's no-
confidence motion March 15.
Peres and his colleagues
were especially tight-lipped.
Observers had the impression
that the situation is volatile
and nothing definite can be
known before the Knesset con-
Continued on Page 2
Herzog Rebukes
Rabbi Schach
7,300 Arrive In Month
As Flights Resume
Hungarian state airline Malev
has resumed flights to Tel
Aviv, bringing Soviet Jewish
immigrants to Israel.
The first Malev flight from
Budapest since last month
landed at Ben-Gurion Airport
this week, Israel Radio
reported. It was followed later
in the day by an El Al flight
from the Hungarian capital
also carrying immigrants.
In New York, meanwhile,
the National Conference on
Soviet Jewry reported Monday
that at least 7,300 Jews emi-
grated from the Soviet Union
with Israeli visas in March, of
whom more than 99 percent
went to Israel.
The number of Soviet Jews
who emigrated on U.S. visas is
not yet known, but is believed
to be small.
The March figure reflects a
steady increase in Jewish emi-
gration since the beginning of
the year. A total of 4,713
Soviet Jews emigrated in Jan-
uary, and another 5,788 left
the country in February.
NCJW Elects
Nan Rich
According to unofficial
sources here, 65 percent of
Soviet Jews coming to Israel
travel via Budapest. The num-
ber of new arrivals is not
announced for security rea-
Malev abruptly halted the
transport of Soviet Jewish
emigres to Israel last month,
following threats by the Isla-
mic Jihad for the Liberation of
Palestine of terrorist attacks
on aircraft and airports.
The airline has now restored
regular flights, but has not yet
implemented an agreement to
start special charter flights
carrying Soviet Jews to Israel.
Sources here credited U.S.
pressure on the Hungarian
government to influence its air
dent Chaim Herzog, during his
monthly radio chat, obliquely
rebuked Rabbi Eliezer Schach,
who had declared the kibbutz
movement outside the Jewish
fold because its members do
not observe religious practi-
Chaim Herzog
Herzog coupled a forceful
defense of the kibbutzim and
their contribution to Israel's
defense with a renewed appeal
for electoral reform in Israel.
Nan Rich
Nan Rich of Miami, was
elected vice president of the
National Council of Jewish
Women (NCJW) at the organi-
zation's 38th National Conven-
tion in St. Louis.
Rich, immediate past chair-
woman of the National
Affairs/Community Services
Commission, also serves on the
advisory panel of NCJW's
National Family Day Care
Project and on the advisory
board of Home Instruction
Program for Preschool Young-
In addition, she serves on
the executive committee of the
National Jewish Community
Relations Advisory Council.
Recently, she represented
NCJW at the national confer-
ence of the Association of
Child Advocates. Ms. Rich is a
past co-chairwoman of the
Florida State Public Affairs
Committee and a past Presi-
dent of the Greater Miami Sec-
She is a member of the board
of directors of the Greater
Miami Jewish Federation,
chairwoman of the Dade
County Governor's consti-
tuency for Children, and a
member of the board of direct-
ors of Temple Beth Am.
Rich received her education
at the University of Florida,
and is the recipient of the
NCJW Hannah G. Solomon
Award and the "Woman of
Valor" Award from American
Friends of Hebrew University.
Established in 1893, the
National Council of Jewish
Women is active, through com-
munity service and education,
in priority areas of women's
issues, Jewish life, aging, chil-
dren and youth, Israel and
constitutional rights.
Moscow May Issue
300,000 Visas
year, Israeli consular officials
here expect to issue more than
300,000 entry visas to Soviet
Jews wishing to make aliyah.
But only about half of them
will make it to the Promised
Land before the year's end.
That's still an enormous
number, compared to past
years, when the vast majority
of Jews leaving the Soviet
Union chose destinations other
than Israel as their new
homes. But it is significantly
less than the total potential
The reason for the gap
essentially boils down to this
new reality: While it is easier
than ever before to obtain per-
mission to emigrate, it is har-
der than ever to leave the
It is difficult, if not impossi-
ble, to get a visa to come to the
United States as a refugee any
time in the near future, unless
one has immediate family
already living in America.
Officials at the American
Embassy here estimate that
they have distributed half-a-
million applications to Soviet
citizens since Oct. 1, 200,000
of which have been returned to
the embassy and forwarded to
Washington for processing.
But since the current quota
on refugees from the Soviet
Union stands at 50,000 per
year, most of these applicants
face a long wait.
They could come to the
United States as "parolees."
But most Soviet Jews reject
this option, since it means
foregoing U.S. financial assis-
tance and the right to become
an American citizen. (There
are bills presently before Con-
gress to enable parolees the
opportunity to become citi-
zens, and there is no opposi-
tion to the various measures.)
Most Jews eager to leave the
Soviet Union understandably
have chosen to make aliyah.
But while they will not encoun-
ter any Israeli quota, they can
expect long delays in leaving
the country.
A new electoral system is
needed, he said, to replace a
failing setup where small reli-
gious parties hold the balance
of power and exert dispropor-
tionate political influence.
The presidents' remarks
incurred the wrath of the
strictly Orthodox, although he
mentioned no individuals or
parties by name.
But the polemic against all
non-religious Jews and kibbut-
zim in particular is fresh in
mind and has drawn sharp
reactions from other promi-
nent Israelis across the politi-
cal spectrum.
Herzog's rebuke was coun-
tered by Shas Minister of
Immigration and Absorption
Yitzhak Peretz, who accused
the president of "polarization"
and alienating a large section
of the community.
Avraham Ravitz, head of
Degel's two-man Knesset fac-
tion, demanded that Herzog
Herzog, whose father was
chief rabbi of Ireland, is a
former Israel Defense Force
general and former Israeli
ambassador to the United
As president, a prestigious
but largely ceremonial office in
Israel, Herzog normally avoids
public commentary on contro-
versial issues. But he is known
to be deeply troubled by divi-
siveness in Israeli society and
the repeated political crises.
Five governments have fallen
since he took office seven
years ago.

Page 2 The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-HollywoodFriday, April 13, 1990
After Hussein Threatens Destruction
Iraqi Branded War Criminal
Israel branded Iraqi President
Saddam Hussein a war crimi-
nal and said it was "high time"
the civilized world banded
together to thwart his "crimi-
nal designs."
The statement, issued by
Foreign Ministry spokesman
Yossi Amihud, was Israels
official response to Hussein's
threat earlier that Iraq pos-
sesses advanced chemical
weapons that could destroy
"half of Israel."
"I swear to God we will let
our fire eat half of Israel if it
tries to wage anything against
Iraq," Hussein -was quoted as
saying in a nationally broad-
cast speech in Baghdad.
Former Defense Minister
Yitzhak Rabin called the Iraqi
leader "arrogant" and "boast-
ful," and said he was "actually
challenging the entire world."
"Israel is strong, and Iraq is
not beyond its powerful strike
capability," said Rabin, one of
the 11 Labor ministers who
resigned from the Likud-led
government March 13.
The Foreign Ministry's
statement stressed that "the
fact that Iraq boasts with
impunity about its murderous
chemical weapons and that it is
proud of its capacity to commit
crimes against humanity," is a
"reminder of the threat with
which Israel is faced."
In Washington, State
Department spokeswoman
Margaret Tutwiler called Hus-
sein's remarks "irresponsible,
inflammatory and outra-
Continued from Page 1
Pundits, meanwhile, focused
on five former members of
Likud's Liberal Party wing
who defected last month to
form a separate Knesset fac-
Their leader, Yitzhak Moda'i
and his colleague, Avraham
Sharir, were reported to have
cast their lot with Labor. The
three others reportedly
decided to return to the Likud
Moda'i has been engaged in
intensive negotiations in
recent days with Peres and
separately with Likud leader
Yitzhak Shamir.
Political observers do not
rule out the possibility that
other Knesset members associ-
ated with the Likud-led bloc
may have secretly switched
their support to a Labor-led
She added that "nobody
should be trumpeting chemical
The Israeli statement
accused Iraq of "using univer-
sally banned chemical weapons
against innocent civilians and
its own citizens" in the recent
The reference apparently
was to the use of poison gas by
Iraq during its eight-year war
with Iran, including alleged
use of the lethal weapons
against its own Kurdish popu-
"It is high time for the civil-
ized world to act in unity and
see to it that Saddam Hussein
will not find it possible to
pursue his irresponsible and
criminal designs," the Israeli
statement concluded.
But Jerusalem also sought to
calm tempers.
"Israel has no aggressive
intentions against anyone,"
said Avi Pazner, press spokes-
man for Yitzhak Shamir, the
caretaker prime minister.
Rabin, speaking on Israel
Radio, called Hussein's threat
to destroy half of Israel "non-
He admitted the Iraqis have
the long-range missile capabil-
ity, but Israel's reaction would
be "many times more severe,"
he said.
PLO Puts 11,000
Fighters In Lebanon
Beirut Palestine Liberation Organization forces in
Lebanon have completed war games and brought their
military strength in Israel's northern neighbor to 11,000
men. This is a third more than the PLO could put into
battle before Israel's 1982 incursion forced the Palestin-
ian armed troops out of Lebanon.
At the same time, hard line factions pressed for an
immediate resumption of terrorist attacks against the
Jewish State. Others said the military strikes should not
renew until the peace talks centered on Palestinian
elections collapse completely.
Chairman Yasir Arafat has pledged to renew the
assaults on Israel if the negotiations backed by the
United States and Egypt fail. But Ahmed Jabril, leaders
of the General Command of the Popular Front for the
Liberation of Palestine said Arafat should resign now
because of the "obvious failure of his recognition of
Baker Softens Position
On Jerusalem Settlement
Congress has taken a strong
lead on the issue of Jewish
rights in a united Jerusalem,
while the Bush administration,
which has waffled on the mat-
ter for the past month,
appears now to concur, at least
in part.
The House Foreign Affairs
Committee unanimously
approved a resolution reaf-
firming Congress' view that
Jerusalem must remain the
undivided capital of Israel.
It is virtually assured of pas-
sage on the floor.
Fk>rit>i of South Broward
Editor and Publisher
( Frr4 Shock,!
Published Bi-Weakiy
Executive Editor
Main Ollice Planl 120 N.E 6th SI Miami Fla 33132 Phone 1 3734605
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Friday, April 13,1990
Volume 20
13 NISAN 5750
Number 8
The resolution, introduced
by Rep. Eliot Engel (D-N.Y.),
closely resembled the non-
binding resolution unani-
mously adopted by the Senate,
where it was introduced by
Daniel Moynihan (D-N.Y.).
Secretary of State James
BaKei, iiiiuu nut, uas sof-
tened an earlier administra-
tion position by asserting that
Jews have a right to live any-
where in East or West Jerusa-
Baker stated his view in a
March 16 letter to Rep. Mel
Levine (D-Calif.), which was
released over the weekend.
"1 am also well aware of the
great significance which Jeru-
salem has for the Jewish peo-
ple, as well as for the people of
all religions," Baker wrote.
"Clearly, Jews and others
can live where they want, East
or West, and the city must
remain undivided," Baker said
in the letter.
His words were warmly wel-
comed by the Conference of
Presidents of Major American
Jewish Organizations, the
umbrella organization of Jew-
ish leaders.
Religious Parties
Remain With Likud
Labor Party's hopes of putting
together a viable coalition
government seemed to be fad-
ing fast this week as Wednes-
day's deadline for accomplish-
ing the task loomed relent-
lessly nearer.
On that date, the second day
of Passover, the 21-day man-
date Labor Party leader Shi-
mon Peres received from Pres-
ident Chaim Herzog will
Unless the Labor Party chief
has good grounds for request-
ing an extension, as allowed by
law, the baton will be passed to
acting Prime Minister Yitzhak
Shamir, leader of Likud.
The Knesset is evenly split
60-60 between the two major
parties and the factions sup-
porting each.
Peres has failed so far to pry
loose a single defector from
the Likud bloc to break the
arithmetical deadlock. The
mysterious "Knesset member
X" Laborites claim was ready
to bolt Likud has yet to show
his or her face.
Peres is still courting the
ultra-Orthodox Degel HaT-
orah and Shas parties, with
eight Knesset votes between
them. But they have remained
firmly in the Likud camp,
despite their reported affinity
for Labor's land-for-peace for-
Political observers wrote off
Degel after its spiritual men-
tor, Rabbi Eliezer Schach,
delivered a fierce attack on the
non-observant Jews of the kib-
butz movement at the party's
convention in Tel Aviv on
March 26.
Schach's polemic was consid-
ered a slap at Labor, which
draws much of its grass-roots
support from the kibbutzim.
Labor has what it believes is
a firm deal with the ultra-
Orthodox Agudat Yisrael
party. But it is good only as
long as Peres' mandate lasts,
the Agudah repeatedly makes
Labor's hopes glimmered
briefly last week when a bloc
of five Likud defectors calling
itself the Party for the Adv-
ancement of Liberal-Zionist
Values indicated it was pre-
pared for coalition talks with
Peres. The five are former
members of Likud's Liberal
Party wing, led by Yitzhak
Moda'i, the former minister of
economics and planning.
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Friday, April 13, 1990/The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood Page 3
Harvard Professor Alan Dershowitz
Jewish Timidity Linked
To Leadership Vacuum
Special to the Advocate
Alan Dershowitz, Harvard
Law School professor and
defense attorney of choice of
some of the country's most
prominent and notorious
clients in recent years, is on a
roll. And we're not talking
bulkies, bagels or bialys,
although he had a brief fling as
a restaurateur of Harvard
Square deli that went kaput
after a few months.
A recent issue of TV Guide
featured him as a natural for
splicing up the popular TV
series, "L.A. Law." He was
featured on the cover of the
March 12 issue of New York
magazine with one of his
clients, New York hotel queen
Leona Helmsley. They are
appealing her conviction to a
four-year prison sentence and
a $7.1 million fine for tax
"I believe she's innocent,"
Dershowitz said during a
recent interview in his Brattle
Street, Cambridge home. "I
really think she got a bum rap
and I think the only reason she
was prosecuted is because
she's an outspoken, aggressive
Jewish woman. I think if she
were not a woman, she would
be praised for her outspoken-
ness. She was an easy target
for the prosecution and now
her life is full of tsoris. I think
she's due a refund from the
government. We're going to
prove she overpaid her taxes."
This is the latest in Dershow-
itz's show trials. He also
defended Claus von Bulow, a
case he won on appeal. He
wrote about it in "Reversal of
Fortune," which is being made
into a film.
But perhaps the title
of Dershowitz's latest book,
"Chutzpah: The Adventures of
a Proud and Assertive Ameri-
can Jew" best describes this
brash, bold, aggressive lawyer-
professor from Brooklyn who
attended Yeshiva University
High School, Brooklyn Col-
lege, Yale Law School, and
became, at 25, a faculty mem-
ber at Harvard Law School
and at 28, a full professor
there, the youngest in the
school's history.
Although he is 51, Dershow-
itz has the energy and vitality
of a younger man, with fire in
his belly. William Safire
defines chutzpah as "enter-
prise, audacity, brazen impud-
ence with cheek." Dershowitz
is all of that because of the
inextinguishable Jewish
dimension at the core of his
Why did he write his new
book, which he dedicates to his
wife, Carolyn Cohen?
Although he has become a very
public person, he replies, "It's
about two things: a part of my
life of which I m very proud,
which is relatively unknown. I
think it's very important for
lawyers to understand that
they don't have to give up
their Jewishness to be success-
ful in the mainst, that being a
good Jew and being a good
lawyer are very consistent."
Second reason is because he
thinks the American Jewish
community is at a crossroads.
"I think that today Jews
reflect a lot of the fears of the
past because we still think of
ourselves as guests in another
person's country. It's a reflec-
tion of assimilation. We're at a
stage in our history when we
don't have to think of our-
selves that way because every-
one else thinks of us as first-
class citizens, yet we don't."
During his career at Har-
vard Law School, Dershow-
itz's chutzpah has made him
into a self-acknowledged
gadfly to President Derek Bok
by his insistence on appointing
Jewish deans (there were none
when he first arrived there),
objecting to holding classes on
Jewish holidays and the Sab-
bath, and having Harvard's
commencement coincide with
Shevuot. He does not hesitate
to voice his views and promote
the best interests of Harvard's
Jewish faculty and students.
He has been called "Har-
vard's first Jewish Jew" by his
friend and fellow-
professor, Dr. Allan Stone. "I
felt alone at the beginning.
When I was hired and
accepted, I was expected to act
like a guest at somebody else's
university. I wasn't expected
to make a fuss about teaching
on the Jewish holidays. I was
expected to melt into the tradi-
tions of the Law School. It was
okay for me to be a Jew, but I
was not supposed to '.too Jew-
ish," and I didn't accept that,"
he recalls. But he founded the
Harvard Jewish Law Stu-
dents' Association and often
speaks out to the administra-
tion on behalf of Jewish issues.
Dershowitz protested vehe-
mently in 1987 when then-
President Richard von Weiz-
sacker was the fourth German
CJF Conducting
Jewish Census
NEW YORK The Census
Bureau has begun conducting
the bicentennial (21st decen-
nial) census of the United
States. At the same time, the
Council of Jewish Federations
completed the first of two
stages in carrying out its 1990
National Jewish Population
Purpose of this historic Jew-
ish survey, established as a
result of resolutions passed by
the Conference on the Demo-
graphy of the Jewish People in
Jerusalem in October, 1987, is
to examine the universe of
"Jewish" and "Jewish Affili-
ated" people across the U.S.
and create a database for anal-
ysis and future comparison.
This Jewish data collection
process is important in that
the U.S. Census has never
recorded religious affiliations,
and there has not yet been any
organized research conducted
to yield this 'census' type data
for Jews on a nationally repre-
sentative basis.
head of state to be awarded an
honorary degree at Harvard.
"I believe it was an outrage
because Weizsacker said he
wanted this degree to restore
his father's honor and his fam-
ily name. The degree specifi-
cally said he was 'a scion of a
distinguished German family.'
The only thing distinguished
about his family was that his
father was a Nazi Secretary of
State and a war criminal, and
Harvard has never honored a
Holocaust survivor."
Dershowitz relishes his role
at Harvard as "an outsider,"
and not as a team-player. "I
feel more comfortable as an
outsider because I want to
enjoy my freedom. But I don't
feel like an outsider as a Jew.
I'm an insider. But I'm not
part of the Jewish establish-
ment. I don't hold office in any
Jewish organization
because I'd rather be able to
speak my mind, act on my
conscience, be independent
and not have to worry about
loyalty to any institutions," he
Yet, he laments the absence
of any real leadership within
the American Jewish commun-
ity today, with the notable
exception of Seymour Reich,
Chairman of the Conference of
Presidents of Jewish Organiza-
tions, and AIPAC, the Ameri-
can-Israel Public Affairs Com-
mittee. Locally he has great
respect for Anti- Defamation
League Executive Director,
Leonard Zakim, and promi-
nent long-time Jewish com-
munal leader Attorney Louis
"We need more assertive,
professional Jewish leadership
because I think Jewish leaders
today are afraid to take risks.
They have to help us under-
stand just how much we've
contributed to this country to
make it as great as it is. We
have no apologies to make for
our contributions. We've
helped so many other people to
overcome, we're entitled to it.
Nobody handed it to us on a
silver platter."
Dershowitz would like to see
Yeshiva University or Bran-
deis offer political leadership-
training and spokesmanship
programs for Jewish elected
and professional officials. He
sees a vacuum in the Jewish
political arena.
2 Israeli Arms Firms
Make Largest List
PARIS (JTA) Two Israeli
firms are among the 100 lar-
gest arms exporters in the
Western world, according to a
study released here by the
Stockholm-based International
Peace Research Institute.
It ranks the government-
owned Israel Aircraft Indus-
tries 58th and Koor Industries
94th on the list, which is
headed by such American
giants as Mcdonnell Douglas,
Lockheed and General Dyna-
Deadline Bulletins
BRUSSELS (JTA) Belgian and American Jewish
officials return from a visit to the site of the former
Auschwitz death camp encouraged by the construction of
an interfaith prayer center away from the premises.
JERUSALEM (JTA) Three army reserve officers in
the midst of a hunger strike for electoral reform receive
encouragement from President Chaim Herzog.
NEW YORK (JTA) Anne Henderson Pollard is
released from a halfway house here.
TEL AVIV (JTA) Israel is hit by another health care
crisis, as 2,600 physicians walk off the job at government
hospitals throughout the country.
WASHINGTON (JTA) The United Jewish Appeal held
a special Freedom Seder here to launch its Operation
Exodus campaign. The seder included a satellite link with
Jews in Moscow, Jerusalem and Washington. Vice Presi-
dent Dan Quayle participated.
MOSCOW (JTA) At the same time that anti-Semitism
is increasing and economic conditions are worsening, an
incredible renaissance of Jewish culture is taking place
British Magnate Expands Ownership
TEL AVIV (JTA) British press magnate Robert
Maxwell has tightened his grip on Ma'ariv, Israel's second-
largest daily newspaper. He increased his share of the mass
circulation afternoon tabloid from the one-third he acquired
last year to 45 percent.
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Page 4 The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-HollywoodFriday, April 13, 1990
True Festival of Freedom
Festival of Freedom.
That designation for Passover has not
been as timely since the original Exodus
brought our ancestors to Eretz Israel.
On the eve of Pesach, the modern Exodus
of Jews from the Soviet Union and from
Ethiopia brings olim to the State of Israel
in numbers not seen since the early years of
the Jewish State.
With the full cooperation of the govern-
ment in Addis Ababa, the sometimes for-
gotten Jews who have maintained their
traditions and culture in Abyssinnia
against all odds are climbing aboard direct
flights from the Ethiopian capital.
It is not quite as easy for the vanguard of
hundreds of thousands of Soviet Jews, for
the USSR continues to ban direct flights
from Moscow to Tel Aviv.
But the newly free nations of Eastern
Europe are filling the void, and planes land
at Ben Gurion airport with immigrants
from transfer points in Hungary, Romania,
Poland and Finland.
While the Ethiopian Jews seem more
motivated in their journey to Israel, the
Soviet arrivals bring a welcome mix of
engineers, physicians, academicians, fac-
tory workers and retirees to Israel.
With a surprising majority of the Russian
olim opting for direct absorption, Israel's
ability to take in the massive wave of Soviet
Jews is strengthened. Only the success of
the various Fund raising campaigns for
Exodus II remains necessary to insure
their integration into the nation's economy
and society.
Passover's meaning was never better
emphasized than in the dramatic accep-
tance of thousands of new immigrants into
Israeli homes for the Seders which mark
the start of the Passover around the globe.
The eternal message that Jews are their
brothers' keepers, this year is far more
than a passage from the Haggadah.
As we prepare to eat the Matzoh of Hope,
we are reminded that just as it is we who
were brought out of ancient Egypt, it also
is we who are on those planes from Hun-
gary, Poland and Ethiopia.
Happy Passover.
Mount Sinai Merits Support
Mount Sinai Medical Center's leadership
in medical treatment, research and teach-
ing has received community support consis-
tent with its national esteem.
The $18.6 million pledged and the launch-
ing of a $50 million capital funds campaign
established new standards in Greater
Miami hospital fund raising.
Additional community support will guar-
antee Mount Sinai's high level of compet-
ence and caring.
'Mission 1000' Return
Greater Miami welcomes home its
hundreds of delegates whose "Mission
1000" was a demonstration of the solidar-
ity of our community with the State of
Their unusual joint journey already has
resulted in much favorable press for local
Jewry's role in helping Israel meet the
challenges of the intifada, its increased
immigration and an ongoing economic cri-
If their enthusiasm translates into lead-
ership and action for 1990, every goal of
the mission shall have been achieved.
Fanatics Threaten Air Travel
pose a group of Italian or Irish
immigrants wanted to come to
the United States, mainly for
repatriation with their fami-
lies. And suppose a group of
American extremists declared
they would not let them into
this country because the
United States belonged to
And further, suppose the
American extremist said that
if the Italian or Irish immi-
grants embarked for America,
they would explode Alitalia or
Aer Lingus airlines.
How do you think American
Italians and Irish peoples
would feel about those threats?
Pretty much the same way, I
think, that most of the Jewish
people feel about the latest
JNF Clears
Land For
Soviet Olim
by an enlarged budget, the
Jewish National Fund says it
plans to assist the absorption
of thousands of new immi-
grants through its regular land
reclamation, afforestation and
educational activities.
The JNF board of directors
has approved a $100 million
budget for fiscal 1990-91 star-
ting April 1, a 14 percent
increase over the last fiscal
The JNF plans to assist the
government's Housing Minis-
try by developing land for
immigrant housing and join
the Tourism Ministry in the
creation of new parks and rec-
reation areas to expand and
improve the tourist infrastruc-
Both endeavors will create
jobs for new immigrants as
well as for discharged soldiers
and residents of development
towns, the JNF said.
The enlarged budget will
enable the JNF at the same
time to maintain its vigilance
against forest fires, add fire-
fighting personnel and equip-
ment and broaden its youth
It will maintain summer
camps for about 1,000 immi-
grant youths this year and
summer programs for a total
of 14,000.
threats Islamic fanatics have
made about blowing up East
European airlines carrying
Soviet Jews to Israel.
Soviet Jews are now caught
in a terrible double bind. If
they remain in the Soviet
Union, the right-wing nation-
alism such as Pamyat threaten
many of them with anti-
Semitic pogroms. Should they
emigrate to Israel, Islamic
extremists threaten to destroy
the Soviet and other East
European planes.
Neither the Soviet Union nor
the United States nor any
country for that matter can
afford to capitulate to these
thugs. For if they do, secure
international air transporta-
tion will become hostage to
this latest form of piracy, and
no one anywhere will be
One bright spot in this dis-
mal scene took place recently,
when Poland's Prime Minister
Tadeusz Mazowiecki, speaking
at an impressive American
Jewish Congress dinner in
New York, said that this coun-
try is prepared to play a role in
helping Soviet Jews emigrate.
Ironically, if he acts on his
words, it may be a Polish
leader who will give backbone
to the superpowers not to
knuckle under to these Islamic
Rabbi Marc H. Tanenbaum is inter-
national relations consultant to the
American Jewish Committee.
Work For The Census
And Help Every
American Count
Census employment amiHjnts to more than cold, hard facts. Your
efforts can help contribute to improvements for the nation, the
neighborhood you live in, and yourself by providing vital statistics
n >r many uses from the apportionment of Congress to business
and community planning.
The largest number of jobs is for census takers. You'll work in an
area close to home, checking mailing addresses, delivering ques-
tionnaires, and conducting on-the-spot interviews. The job lasts
fromi two to eight weeks, the hours are flexible, and the pay is
$6.50 per hour.
It's good work with an even better benefit.
If you are at least 18 years old, or a high schml senior, contact:
South Broward District Office
(305) 964-4100
And if you are fluent in a language other than English, there may
be some special opportunities open to you. An equal opportunity
It Pays To Get The Facts

Friday, April 13, 1990/The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood Page 5
Southern Jews' Uniqueness Debated
A hundred delegates from
10 Southern states assembled
in Charleston, S.C, to learn
more about Jewish life in the
old and new South. They were
attending the Southern Jewish
Historical Society's 14th Con-
ference on the Southern Jew-
ish Experience.
Originally scheduled for
November 1989, the confer-
ence was rescheduled because
of Hurricane Hugo's devasta-
tion of Charleston.
The conference, which began
with services at Charleston's
historic Reform Temple Beth
Elohim, was marked by differ-
ences of opinion on what
makes Southern Jews tick and
where they fit in the grand
picture of American Jewry.
Dr. Mark Bauman, professor
of history at Metropolitan Col-
lege in Atlanta, differed with
much that has been written
about Southern Jews as being
assimilated or "hyphenated
Jews in the South, said Bau-
man, "were influenced by the
regional subculture in a rela-
tively marginal fashion. Where
they were most influenced, the
causal factors were ecological
and were not unique to the
In fact, he said, "to a
remarkable degree," Southern
Jews' experiences "were far
more similar to those of Jews
in similar environments else-
where in America than they
were to white Protestants in
the South."
Still, Bauman emphasized,
the Southern Jews' particular
contribution to American
Jewry is notable. "American
Jewish history is not New
York City Jewish history," he
At the closing session of the
conference, two Jewish profes-
sors from Southern state uni-
versities shared their unique
experiences teaching religion
in the Bible Belt.
Peter Cohen, professor of
religion and philosophy at
Appalachian State University
in Boone, N.C., said that his
Jewish students usually
receive lower grades than
their non-Jewish classmates,
including in courses on
"They simply have not read
the Bible growing up, and they
assume they know this mate-
rial better than others in the
course because it is 'their
book.' "
Dr. Jeffrey Gold, professor
of philosophy and humanities
at East Tennessee State Uni-
versity, Johnson City, Tenn.,
said, "I used to think the
greatest theological difference
separating Judaism from
Christianity concerned the
role and status of Jesus
whether he was the son of G-d
and the Messiah."
But after teaching thou-
sands of conservative funda
mentalist Christian students,
Gold said, "1 have concluded
that there is something deeper
and more essential" differenti-
ating Jews from Christians.
"The dispute settles arouna
the concept of original sin.
Most of my Christian students
believe nature, life, and human
beings are irredeemably cor-
rupt and/or condemned. They
believe human life is not
sacred." That, he said, is just
not Judaism's teachings.
AJCommittee Reports
Survey Finds Anti-Jewish Feeling High In USSR
NEW YORK First sys-
tematic study of anti-Semitism
in the Soviet Union in decades
has found disturbingly high
levels of anti-Jewish feeling,
according to the American
Jewish Committee.
The study, carried out in
Moscow and environs, was
funded by the Committee, the
National Science Foundation,
and the University of Houston.
It was fielded under the aus-
pices of the Institute of Sociol-
ogy of the Soviet Academy of
Sciences and directed by Dr.
James Gibson, professor of
political science, University of
Houston, and Dr. Raymond
Duch, assistant professor of
political science, University of
Field work for the study,
which was carried out between
Feb. 16 and March 4, consisted
of face-to-face interviews with
a random sample of 506 adults
in the Moscow area. The sur-
vey questionnaire consisted of
some 350 items, and the mar-
gin of error was plus/-5 percen-
tage points. Eighty-eight per-
cent of the respondents were
of Russian nationality, 3%
were Ukrainian, 2% Arme-
nian, and 2% Jewish.
Broad theme of the survey
was political tolerance in the
Soviet Union, and, within that
framework, special attention
was given to attitudes toward
"The findings on the Jewish-
related questions in this
study," said Sholom D.
Comay, AJC national presi-
dent, "point to the classic anti-
Semitic syndrome, in which a
significant portion of the popu-
lation openly dislikes Jews and
of Florida
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openly likes their extremist
enemies; large numbers of peo-
ple hold strong negative ster-
eotypes about Jews, and a con-
siderable proportion of the
population is at best neutral
about Jews and thus open to
"Given the right set of condi-
tions which certainly exist
in the Soviet Union today
this can make for an explosive
mix," Mr. Comay added.
Comay said AJC's Board of
Governors, meeting in Wash-
ington this past weekend after
learning of the survey's find-
ings, adopted a 15-point "plan
of action" to respond to the
findings. The first point called
on the leadership of the Soviet
Union to "condemn manifesta-
tions of anti-Semitism in their
country," adding that this
required "the personal atten-
tion of President Gorbachev."
Among the major findings
were these:
Asked whether they liked
or disliked Jews (on a scale
ranging from 1 to 11), only
18% of the respondents indi-
cated any degree of liking.
Eighteen percent indicated
dislike of Jews, including 6%
who indicated the strongest
degree of dislike, while 65%
were neutral.
On the same "like/dislike"
scale, 14% of the respondents
expressed a liking for the
ultranationalist, extreme anti-
Semitic group Pamyat, while
another 23% were neutral.
Eight percent of the
respondents agreed that
"More than any other group in
society, it is the Jews who are
responsible for the problems
the Soviet Union is experienc-
ing today," while 13% were
uncertain on this question.
Thirty-three percent main-
tained that "When it comes to
choosing between people and
money, Jews will choose
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Twenty-three percent
agreed that "Jews have too
much influence over Russian
culture," with 21% being
Ten percent felt that
"Jews deserve to be punished
because they killed Christ,"
and 15% were uncertain.
Questioned about their
perceptions of other people's
anti-Semitism, 48% said that
"anti-Jewish feeling is on the
rise around here today," while
44% found it "about the
same." Only 5% saw it as
"diminishing." Also, 17%
thought that "most people in
the Soviet Union are anti-
Jewish," 60% that "only some
people are anti-Jewish," and
19% that "very few people are
On the positive side, the
researchers reported very
large majorities of respon-
dents favoring equality of
opportunity and freedom of
emigration for Jews: 91%
maintained that "Jews should
be free to decide for them-
selves whether they want to
remain in the Soviet Union or
emigrate;" 90% agreed that
"the government should make
every effort to see that the
rights of Jews to equal educa-
tional opportunity are
respected throughout the
Soviet Union," and 88%
endorsed the view that "the
government should make
every effort to see that the
rights of Jews to equal employ-
ment opportunities are
respected throughout the
Soviet Union."
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Page 6 The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-HollywoodFriday, April 13, 1990
30 Olim On Late-Night
Matzah Shift
Lev Dvorkind, who immi-
rated to Israel from the
oviet Union in January, is one
of 30 Soviet new immigrants
working the night shift at the
Rishon Le Zion Matzah Com-
pany to meet the seasonal
demand for matzah.
Ironically, Lev Dvorkind did
not have enough matzah last
Passover in Leningrad to feed
his family for the entire eight-
day festival. And in previous
years he was unable to procure
any matzah at all. This year
there will be no shortages.
"My grandparents used to
bake their own matzah," says
Dvorkind, who is an engineer
by profession. "It feels very
good to be here in Israel, and
though this is hard, sometimes
boring work, there is a tremen-
dous satisfaction for us in it."
Like their ancestors who
fled Egypt and were forced to
take unleavened bread in their
haste, the 30 newcomers from
the Soviet Union employed by
the matzah factory in Rishon
Le Zion have little time on
their hands. In the mornings
they study Hebrew at ulpan.
After doing their homework,
they toil at the matzah factory
The Bush administration, key
senators and Jewish groups
have vowed to explore possible
ways to repeal the 1975 U.N.
resolution equating Zionism
with racism.
At a rare hearing of the
Senate Foreign Relations sub-
committee on Near Eastern
and South Asian Affairs, a
senior U.S. official said the
United States has "called on
the Arab world to repudiate
the odious line that Zionism is
The hearing the subcom-
mittee's first in 1990 was
devoted to a discussion of a
sense-of-the Senate resolution
introduced Jan. 31 by Sen.
Rudy Boschwitz (R-Minn.),
which calls on the U.N. Gen-
eral Assembly to repeal the
resolution. A similar version
had been introduced in the
House on Jan. 23 by Rep. Bill
Green (R-N.Y.).
The official, John Bolton,
assistant secretary of state for
international organizations,
noted that in recent years, the
United States and Israel felt
that "the time was not oppor-
tune to seek reversal."
Bolton did not provide any
timetable for requesting a vote
for repeal except to say that
"now is the time to reassess
the situation."
He said that the United
States is consulting with the
35 countries that joined it in
opposing the resolution in
1975. In addition, it is consult-
ing with governments that
voted for the resolution "but
which have subsequently
acquired new governments
and new thinking," Bolton
from four in the afternoon to
one o'clock in the morning.
"This is like a dream come
true," says Larissa Grush-
kova, a nurse from Moldavia
who has been in Israel for five
months. "If you'd have told me
last Passover that this year I
would be in Israel, I wouldn't
have believed it. If you'd have
said that I'd be working in a
matzah factory I'd have said
that you were crazy."
Grushkova's family in Mol-
davia used to arrange a seder
every Passover. But many like
Edward Kushman, a building
technician from the Ukraine
who came to Israel four
months ago, have never partic-
ipated in a seder. "Now we can
live like real Jews," he asserts.
"I'm very excited about being
able to celebrate Passover. It
will be a very special occa-
As the new immigrants
speak, the conveyor belts of
the Rishon Le Zion Matzah
Company roll incessantly on.
Stacking and packing the
crisp, freshly baked produce,
these Soviet Jews who came to
Israel in Operation Exodus
clearly take profound pride in
their assignments even though
Direct Flights May Start
From Ethiopia To Israel
Ethiopian government is dis-
cussing an agreement between
El Al and Ethiopia's national
air carrier to facilitate direct
flights to bring Ethiopian Jews
to Israel.
Kassa Kabede, a ranking
Ethiopian official now visiting
Israel, told a news conference
here that his government con-
siders the reunification of fam-
ilies to be among the highest
humane endeavors.
Kabede, a special adviser to
President Mengistu Haile Mar-
iam of Ethiopia, said he sug-
gested to Prime Minister Yitz-
hak Shamir and Foreign Minis-
ter Moshe Arens that their
countries establish joint teams
of social workers to locate fam-
ily members and facilitate unif-
Ethiopia* was one f-the
many black African nations
that broke diplomatic relations
with Israel after the 1973 Yom
Kippur War. The two coun-
tries resumed ties only last
Prior to that, the Jewish
population in Ethiopia was
reported to have been politi-
cally harassed, in addition to
suffering from famine and the
ravages of civil war.
In the winter of 1984-85,
some 10,000 Ethiopian Jews
were secretly air-lifted to
Israel from Khartoum in
neighboring Sudan by a round-
about route. The clandestine
movement, known as "Opera-
tion Moses," was halted by the
Sudanese authorities after it
was leaked to the news media.
Nevertheless, about 15,000
Ethiopian Jews were living in
Israel in 1986.
Recently, Jewish immigra-
tion from Ethiopia has
increased, but figures have not
been made public. A Jewish
Agency official said it was
about 100 a month.
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Jewish Family Service
Selects New Board
it is menial work for most of
them who are academics and
"I can never remember
employing such highly moti-
vated factory workers,"
observes manager Baruch
Berko. "They are model
employees with a marvelous
work ethic. They are punctual,
well disciplined and honest."
Like all temporary workers
in the factory, the Soviet immi-
grants are paid $5 an hour for
their pains. This provides a
useful additional income to
supplement the money they
receive from the Jewish
Agency and the Israeli govern-
ment. All the immigrants are
living in rented apartments in
Rishon Le Zion as part of the
direct absorption process,
funded by UJA's Operation
"We are working here for
much more than money,"
stresses Ari Sharpnik, an elec-
tronics engineer from Lenin-
grad who arrived in Israel six
weeks ago, "though the money
is very welcome indeed. But
more than that, baking matzah
makes us feel that we are real
Jews once again. It is like
becoming reacquainted with
an old friend whom we have
not seen for a long time."
The Nominating Committee
of Jewish Family Service of
Broward County has submit-
ted its slate for 1990-*91.
Nominations to the Board
include: Gary Baer, Jacque
Brauser, Herbert Dell, Leah
Daub, Ivy Cowan Feinstein,
Rabbi Leon B. Fink, Marta
Friedman, Dr. Howard
Fuerst, Cathy Green, Cathy
Gross, Mitchell Habib, Rabbi
Samuel Jaffe, Tina Koenig,
Joyce Roaman, Judy Roberts,
Marcy Roberts, Merle
Schneider, and Barbara Y.
Continuing on the Board and
not standing for reelection are:
Janice Edelstein, Lloyd Ede-
Istein, Ruth Friedman,
Michael Goodman, Jeff Her-
man, Estelle Loewenstein, Dr.
Perry Seider, Bonnie Sobel-
man, Florence Straus, Herb
Tolpen, Esther Wolfer, Life
Board Member, Israel Resni-
The following have been pro-
posed for election as Officers:
Laurence A. Greenberg, Presi-
dent, Elaine Pittell, 1st Vice
President; Ellen Platt, 2nd
Vice President; Merle Orlove,
3rd Vice President; Bernard
Kopet, Treasurer; Corinne
Kahn, Secretary.
Past Presidents and Mem-
bers for Life: Deborah F.
Hahn, Dr. David Sachs, Fred
P. Greene, Natalin Heiden,
and all other Past Presidents.
Nominations and election to
the Board of Directors will
take place at the April 19,1990
Board meeting, at the Jewish
Federation of South Broward,
2719 Hollywood Boulevard,
Hollywood, at 7:30 p.m. Instal-
lation of the Officers and the
Board of Directors will take
place at the 28th Annual Meet-
ing on Thursday, May 24, 1990
at Temple Solel, 5101 Sheri-
dan Street, Hollywood, at 7:15
Mr. Samuel B. Waterman was honored and presented with the
Scroll of Honor, on behalf of Israel Bonds recently at the
Fairways Royale. (Pictured) Mr. and Mrs. Samuel B. Water-
Solidarity Sunday Revived in N.Y.
NEW YORK (JTA) After two decades of activism on
behalf of Soviet Jews, the rallying cry of "Let My People
Go" was changed to "Let My People Fly" and "Bring My
People Home." It was the first Solidarity Sunday amid
Police estimated 127,000 people gathered opposite the
United Nations for what was called an emergency "rally of

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Friday, April 13, 1990/The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood Page 7
Bread Of Affliction
Becomes Bread
Of Freedom
Isaac Woudstra, owner of the
Hollandia Matzo factory, is
happy that the Iron Curtain is
gone, even though it means a
big loss of business for him this
Passover season.
For decades, Hollandia qui-
etly exported hundreds of
thousands of pounds of Pas-
sover matzah to Jewish com-
munities in Eastern Europe,
with the orders coming
through the American Jewish
Joint Distribution Committee
and HIAS in New York.
"Almost every year, we pro-
vided communities in Albania,
Romania and Yugoslavia with
as much as 250,060 kilograms
of our matzah," Woudstra
said, adding, "Strictly kosher,
of course."
His factory is under the
supervision of the Chief Rab-
binate of the Netherlands.
"Our shipments always went
straight to the Jewish commu-
nities of, for example, Buchar-
est or Belgrade.
"Even Ethiopian Jews in the
deserts of Eritrea tasted Hol-
landia matzos," Woudstra
"It was never announced
that the Joint was involved. Of
course, it was all legal and
officially approved by the
"But too much publicity and
a clear connection with Jewish
or American relief organiza-
tions could have done serious
harm," Woudstra said.
"Now I can speak freely
about our shipments to East-
ern Europe, and that's a good
thing. But their freedom and
changes caused some personal
loss for me," he admitted.
"This year, the Joint doesn't
order from Hollandia. There is
no need for them to intervene
anymore between the factory
and the consumers.
"Today, matzos from Israel
are shipped in a complicated
procedure from New York
through Holland to far behind
what used to be the Iron Cur-
tain," Woudstra said.
Of course, there is still Alba-
nia, the only Stalinist state left
in Europe, isolated and unre-
But Hollandia export matzos
to Belgium, France, Denmark,
Norway and Sweden.
It also sells its product in
West Germany. Much of it
goes to West Berlin and the
small Jewish enclave in East
Berlin also benefits, Woudstra
pointed out.
Woudstra believes that while
he has lost some of his market,
he has seen the fulfillment of a
prophecy by which "the bread
of affliction finally turned into
the bread of freedom for our
brethren in Eastern Europe."
Soon, he added, instead of
the matzah coming to them,
they will go to the matzah. The
time does not seem too far
away when they will be cele-
brating Passover in Jerusa-
lem, the Dutch matzah manu-
facturer said.
Not since the asking of the Four Questions
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'Such a Noise' Ideal For Children
Aliana Brodman, born in
Munich, Germany to parents
both of whom survived Aus-
chwitz, is the author of a new
book, "Such a Noise." It is a
Jewish folktale, retold with wit
and wisdom. Handsomely illus-
trated by Hans Poppel, a Ger-
man musician and set desig-
ner, the 32-page volume is
aimed at children ages 5 to 8.
Both Brodman and Poppel
now live in Massachusetts.
"Such a Noise" is published by
Kane/Miller, who specialize in
foreign children's books.
Hebrew U. Women Unit
To Hear Gerald Schwartz
"This Year in Jerusalem"
will be the topic of Gerald
Schwartz, president of the
American Zionist Federation
of South Florida, at a Thurs-
day, April 19 luncheon meet-
ing of the Greater Miami
Women's Division of the
American Friends of the
Hebrew University of Jerusa-
lem. The 11:45 a.m. event is
scheduled at Ocean Pavilion,
5601 Collins Avenue.
Schwartz, a former South-
eastern United States regional
director of the Hebrew Univer-
sity organization, will discuss
the centrality of Jerusalem as
the undivided capital of the
State of Israel.
Florence Feldman, execu-
tive director of the AFHU
women's division, said the
luncheon session is open to the
general public. Reservations,
at $10 a person, may be made
by telephoning 868-0287 or
Schwartz, past president of
the Miami Beach Lodge of
B'nai B'rith was national
chairman for Israel Bonds of
B'nai B'rith. He is a member
of the Young Presidents Club
of Mount Sinai Medical Center
and president of the Gerald
Schwartz Agency, a Miami
Beach-based public relations
and marketing firm.
Schwartz is executive vice
president of the South Shore
Hospital Foundation, chair-
man-elect of the Miami Beach
Chamber of Commerce, imme-
diate past president of the
Civic League of Miami Beach
and past president of Tiger
Bay Political Club.
He has served in executive
capacities for the United Jew-
ish Appeal, Israel Education
Fund and State of Israel
Bonds and is former national
vice president of the American
Zionist Federation. He also is
associate national chairman of
the Friends of Na'amat USA
and former Southeastern
director of the Israel Govern-
ment Tourist Office.
World Care
On Sunday, April 29 World
Care will celebrate its 14th
anniversary of community ser-
vice with an Intergenerational
Picnic to be held at T.Y.
(Topeekeegee Yugnee) Park,
Hollywood. Senior Citizens,
abused children, other needy
and underprivileged in the
community will be guests at
the picnic.
The event, staffed by volun-
teers and financed through tax
deductible ticket sales to the
general public, will encourage
Mr. and Mrs. Jack Mindlin
were honored and presented
with the City of Peace Award
at a Tribute Brunch by Israel
Bonds held in the Olympus in
Bnai Zion
The Southeast Region of
Bnai Zion will hold a Gala 42
Israel Independence Day Cele-
bration Luncheon honoring
the Men & Women of the Year
on behalf of the Bnai Zion
Medical Center on Sunday,
April 29, noon, at the Sheraton
Design Center Hotel, 1825
Griffin Road, Dania. Dancing
to the Harry Frank Trio. For
information call 456-1999.
individuals to actively "spon-
sor" an abused or abandoned
For more information about
World Care or the picnic, call
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Page 8 The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-HollywoodFriday, April 13, 1990
New European Democracies
Face Anti-Semitism
New York Advent of
democracy in Eastern Europe
has opened the doors to anti-
Semitism but the extent varies
from country to country,
according to six East Euro-
pean Jewish leaders who met
privately with the Anti-
Defamation League.
"Democracy is a positive
thing (but it) has only brought
anti-Semitism out into the
open," said Dr. Josef Klansky
of Prague, who estimated that
there are 5,000 to 6,000 Jews
today in Czechoslovakia.
"Of course," he said, "peo-
ple have the possibility now to
say things that they couldn't
before ... but I don't see a
dangerous fascist movement
in Czechoslovakia."
The leaders, invited by Ken-
neth Jacobson, director of
ADL's International Affairs
Division, were in the U.S. to
promote Jewish life in the
Eastern bloc, including the
opening of a new Jewish
museum in Vienna, and to
express their varying concerns
about the renewed specter of
Jacobson told the group that
accurate information regard-
ing anti-Semitism coming out
of the Eastern bloc is "very
important" to ADL because of
the mixed reports received in
the West. He asked them to
maintain regular communica-
tion with the League on the
Belgian Foreign Minister
Says Time Running Out
West is "losing patience" with
Israel's handling of its conflict
with the Palestinians, Belgian
Foreign Minister Mark
Eyskens told a Jewish maga-
zine here.
He expressed hope that "the
moderates in both camps will
prevail over the extremists
and hawks," but added that
"we have the impression that
time is working against the
Eyskens, quoted in an inter-
view published in "Regards,"
an organ of the Jewish Secular
Center, said that "the Arab
leaders tell us that the mode-
rates in the Palestinian camp
have difficulty remaining mod-
"It's obvious that in the
West, one does not always
comprehend too well the posi-
tions of the Israeli govern-
ment's Likud component," the
foreign minister noted.
He added that "without
interfering in the affairs of a
friendly country, I see that
Western Europe as well as the
United States are losing some
Asked about Belgium's posi-
tion, the foreign minister said
his country supports Israel's
right to exist and to have
secure, recognized borders.
"But we think at the same
time that the Palestinian peo-
ple has the same right to exist
and that one must find a for-
mula for peaceful co-existence
and eventually for coopera-
tion," he said.
Dignitaries To Join
'March Of Living'
Prominent international
leaders will join 3,500 Jewish
teenagers, including 130 from
South Florida, in Poland as
part of "The March of the
Living," April 18-May 3.
When the high school stu-
dents march from the Aus-
chwitz to Birkenau death
camps on Holocaust Memorial
Day, Sunday, April 22, digni
taries will march alongside
them in commemoration of
Jews who died tragically in the
Dignitaries include Nobel
Laureate Elie Wiesel, World
Jewish Congress Chairman
Edgar Bronfman, publishing
magnate Robert Maxwell,
Israeli Ministers Ehud Olmert
and Motta Gur, Speaker of the
Israeli Knesset Dov Shilansky,
and Knesset members Geula
Cohen, Charlie Biton, Shevach
Weiss and Menachem Wer-
Jewish Computer Networks Will Link
JERUSALEM (JTA) A unique research project will
allow an electronic linkup to connect hundreds of Jewish
educational and social organizations worldwide. The com-
puterized Holocaust encyclopedia at the New York Holo-
caust Museum; Geshernet, a system connecting Israeli and
American schools; and the Well, a network which has a
Jewish electronic discussion, will be able to connect to a
single network.
Hadassah Aids Blind Kenyans
NEW YORK Six hundred blind men, women and
children in a remote section of the African nation of Kenya
will see some for the first time after a unique
expedition, in April, by eye surgeons from Hadassah
Hebrew University Medical Center in Jerusalem. The
doctors will perform free eye operations on blind sufferers
of cataracts, retinal detachment and other eye diseases.
gery, Protocols of the Elders
of Zion has recently been pub-
lished in Yugoslavia. Discuss-
Mirko Mirkowic, a writer
and editor from Zagreb in
Yugoslavia, reported that
those in his country's new
political parties "all swear by
democracy and human rights
... they look to the West and
know that in the Western
countries, anti-Semitism is
looked upon badly."
While we hear "individual
outbursts" of anti-Semitism,
he said, there is no "coherent"
anti-Semitic movement. He
cited one "ominous" anti-
Semitic statement made by an
extreme right-wing nationalist
party calling "Jews and Serbs
enemies of the Croatian peo-
ple" and added that a new
edition of the anti-Zionist for-
Dedication of the Hungarian Holocaust Victims and Heroes
Memorial in Budapest is planned July 8.
ing that country's governmen-
tal problems, he acknowledged
"a difficult situation" but said
Yugoslavia is "not on the
verge of disintegration."
Another Yugoslavian, Mla-
den A. Svarc, who described
his vocation as philosopher and
journalist, said that there is
"some anti-Semitism" in Slo-
venia, but cited Croatia as the
place where rising nationalism
could result in anti-Semitism.
In Hungary, anti-Semitism
is growing and "it is not for-
bidden," according to Ilona
Benoschofsky, director of the
Jewish Museum in Budapest.
"After 40 years under one
party, the Communists, we
now have 22 political parties
and some are voicing senti-
ment against Gypsies and
Jews," she said, citing recent
newspaper articles and radio
speeches as being anti-Semitic.
T^T It IV 1-riTI I T

Full Text
Page 2 The Jewish Floridian of South County/Friday, April 20, 1990
JNF to Reclaim Land for Soviet Jews
NEW YORK A joint communique issued from Jerusa-
lem by Moshe Rivlin, JNF world chairman, and from New
York by Ruth W. Popkin, JNF president, and Dr. Samuel I.
Cohen, JNF executive vice president, announced the
inception of "Operation Promised Land," a campaign to
raise funds needed to reclaim land in the Galilee, Jerusalem
and Negev regions for the absorption of thousands of
Soviet Jews emigrating to Israel.
U.S. Opposition to PLO Renewed
GENEVA (JTA) The Arab bloc, preparing for a new
drive to have the Palestine Liberation Organization accep-
ted as a full member state by the World Health Organiza-
tion, will run into the same stony opposition from the
United States that foiled its efforts last vear.
OSI Seeks Witnesses to Nazi Crimes
NEW YORK (JTA) The U.S. Justice Department has
asked the World Jewish Congress for help in locating
witnesses to war crimes committed by the Nazis and their
collaborators in Poland between 1941 and 1942.
E. German Teens Fear Neo-Nazism
BONN (JTA While significant numbers of East
German teen-agers share views of the far right, nearly
two-thirds worry about neo-Nazism, according to a govern-
ment-sponsored study published in the East Berlin newspa-
per Berliner Allgemeine.
E.C. Mostly Aligns with Arabs
BONN (JTA) The European Community differs only
slightly from the Arab position on Israeli settlements in the
West Bank and Gaza Strip, according to Gerard Collins,
the foreign minister of Ireland, who currently chairs the
E.C.'s Council of Ministers.
Argentina Plans to Extradite Suspect
NEW YORK (JTA) Accused Nazi war criminal Jozef
Schwammberger, ordered extradited from Argentina, will
be handed over to West German authorities May 3,
according to Manuel Tenenbaum, director of the Latin
American Branch of the World Jewish Congress.
Montreal Jewish Cemetery Desecrated
MONTREAL (JTA) For the second time in seven
months, a Jewish cemetery has been vandalized in Mon-
treal, and local Jewish officials hold neo-Nazi Skinheads
responsible. Swastikas and slogans were spray-painted on
headstones in the Baron de Hirsch Cemetery.
Black Reps Drop Idea to Slice Aid
SAN FRANCISCO (JTA) Ten members of the Con-
gressional Black Caucus have backed off from their
proposal to cut U.S. foreign aid to Israel to provide more
funds for Africa and the Caribbean. When the caucus
completed its budget and presented it to the House Budget
Committee, Israel's full $3 billion allocation was intact.
French Racists Arouse ADL Fears
New York Recent anti-Semitic articles and personal
vilification of French Jews by the far right, racist Front
National (FN) have raised new concern in the French
Jewish community, according to a report distributed by the
Anti-Defamation League.
B'ti Canada Urges Passage of Get Bill
OTTAWA (JTA) A senior delegation of B'nai Brith
Canada, seeking to curtail abuses of withholding the get, or
Jewish divorce, appeared before a committee of legislators
in Ottawa to urge passage of BUI C-61. The bill would
prevent a Jewish spouse from withholding a get from a
partner as a bargaining tool to gain advantages in
monetary settlements and/or custody agreements.
S Edilo' and Publisher
of South Countv
Fred Shochet
Adverlii! ig Director
AJCommitee Charges
Church Council With Bias
Upon entering the three-story permanent exhibition of the United States Holocaust Memorial
Museum, visitors will be issued identity cards similar to the samples above. These passport-like
cards, which bear the identities of people caught in the Holocaust, will personalize the Museum
experience for visitors.
House Approves
Loan Guarantee
The House of Representatives
approved $400 million in inv-
estment guarantees to provide
housing loans for newly
arrived Soviet emigres in
The $400 million was con-
tained in a $2.4 billion supple-
mental appropriations bill for
this fiscal year, which began
Oct. 1. President Bush
requested the bill, which also
includes emergency aid for
Nicaragua and Panama.
The bill, which was approved
362-59, also contains $35 mil-
lion to help Jewish groups
bring Soviet Jews to the
United States or resettle them
in Israel.
2 Jewish Governors
Will Not Run Again
Madeleine Kunin. the first Jew
and first woman to serve as
governor of Vermont, has
announced that she will not
run for a fourth two-year
term. The only other .low pres-
ently serving as ^rnvernor.
Neal Goldschmidt, also has
announced he will not seek
re-election, after serving one
four year term as Oregon's
chief executive.
NEW YORK The Ameri-
can Jewish Committee
charged that a "Prayer From
Jerusalem." composed by the
Middle East Council of
Churches and intended for use
on Palm Sunday, is a thinly
veiled attack on the State of
Israel in liturgical form.
The AJC asserted that the
use of the "Prayer" in
churches during the Christian
Holy Week would inject a divi-
sive and polarizing element
into such services.
The MECC is composed of
24 Middle Eastern church bod-
ies, and since its founding in
1974, the Council has reflected
a consistent anti-Israel posi-
Rabbi A. James Rudin, the
AJC's interreligious affairs
director, and Judith H. Banki,
the Committee's associate
interreligious affairs director,
declared: "We believe this
prayer, which has been distri-
buted to many American
churches by the National
Council of Churches, transmits
a strong anti-Israel bias. The
'Prayer from Jerusalem'
makes the reckless and unjus-
tified claim that Palestinian
Arabs ate being deprived of
their 'very right to life' by
Israel. Such language implies
that the physical destruction of
the Palestinian community is
the goal of policy of Israel.
This is a malicious slander."
German Firms Searched in Gas Probe
BONN (JTA) Two more West German firms are under
investigation for helping Libya manufacture poison gas,
the state prosecution in Stuttgart confirmed.
In this case, the firms, Abacus and Rose, are being
investigated for attempting to buy and send computer
components to Libya.
Executive Editot
Main Office 4 Plant 120 N.E tn SI Miami. Fi 33101 Phone 1 373-4906
Par Ae>rtm.f iafenaaUee rail railed Jaaa Teflaa Mt-373-aM*.

Jewun Fio'idian doe* not guarantee Kaehrutn of Merchandise AOvertiaed
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^ riday, April 20, 1990
. olume 12
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B'nai Mitzvah
Friday, April 20, 1990/The Jewish Floridian of South County Page 5
Beth Ami Congregation of Boca Raton held its second Annual
Dinner Dance on March 18 at the Gleneagles Country Club held to
honor (right) Rabbi Nathan Zelizer, and (left) Cantor Mark Levi.
Adam Linn
On Saturday morning, April
28, twins Adam and Alison
Linn will be called to the Torah
at Congregation B'nai Israel of
Boca Raton. They will share
the reading of the portion of
the Torah called Tazria Met-
Adam and Alison will be
joined at this simcha by their
mother, Jill Hoffman, and sis-
ter Merfdith. Grandparents
Erica Ann Kagan
On Saturday morning. April
21. 1990. Erica Ann Kagan.
daughter of George and Susan
Kagan. will be called to the
Torah at Congregation B'nai
Israel of Boca Raton. She will
read the Shemini portion of
the Torah.
Erica will be joined at this
simcha by her brother. Aaron
William and her grand-
mothers. Ann Kagan and Mar-
guerite Miller both of Miami.
A student at the Boca Raton
Middle School Erica enjoys
reading, swimming and dance
while indulging her hobby
On Saturday morning. April
7. Jessica Wasserman, daugh-
ter of Ted and Leslie Wasser-
man, was called to the Torah
at Congregation B'nai Israel of
Boca Raton. She read the Tzav
portion of the Torah.
Jessica was joined by grand-
parents Murray and Mildred
Ross of Lake Worth and Lil-
lian Wasserman of Greenacres
City, Fl.
ii .-.-;. ,i ,u tflids l in' Boca
Katun Middle School and
indulges her love of music by
studying the piano, modern
dancing and enjoys horseback
Alison Linn
Irving and Lorraine Hoffman,
Boca Raton, will attend along
with many other guests.
Both attend Loggers Run
Middle School and share a love
of music. Alison takes her
physical exercise through
dancing, while Adam prefers
soccer and weight lifting. Both
are active members of
the B'nai B'rith Youth Organi-
Newly elected officers of the Knights of Pythias 11th District Assn
of Palm Beach County are, from left, Bill Sheldon, secretary;
Morris Snetiker, treasurer; Al Goldberg, vice-president and Dave
Altbuch, president.
Theory On Diets
Ahead Of Time
medical advice of a 12th cen-
tury Jewish scholar is turning
out to be contemporarily valid,
according to a leading nutri-
tionist at the Hebrew Univer-
Connie Steinberg, who
advises the general university
community on proper diet pro-
cedures at the University's
Cosell Center for Physical
Education, says that Rabbi
Moses ben Maimon, also
known as Maimonides, or the
Rambam, was not only one of
the greatest religious authorit-
ies of all time but also a unique
authority on diet and exercise.
Steinberg said the sage's
advice concurs with some of
the latest theories. Maimo-
nides, she says, advocated a
whole-grain, low- fat, fresh-
food diet, frowned on between-
meal snacks and favored drink
in moderation with meals. He
also believed in exercise as a
necessary adjunct to proper
diet, Steinberg said.

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Friday, April 20, 1990/The Jewish Floridian of South County Page 7
Synagogue News
Anshei Shalom
Holocaust Remembrance
Day, Yom Hashoa, will be
observed on Sunday, April 22,
at 3 p.m.
A ceremony has bee/i
planned in the Temple culmin-
ating at the Holocaust Memo-
rial Monument on the outside
of the Temple.
Temple Anshei Shalom will
celebrate the groundbreaking
for the expansion of the Tem-
ple on April 29, at 1 p.m. Many
dignitaries will be present.
Beth Ami
Friday evening April 20 at
8:15 p.m., Rabbi Nathan Zel-
izer will conduct services. He
will speak on "The Holocaust
Where Was God?" Rabbi
Zelizer will be assisted by Can-
tor Mark Levi. An Oneg fol-
lows services.
Saturday morning April 21
at 9:30 a.m., Rabbi Nathan
Zelizer will teach the weekly
portion of Shemini and will
preach on "Learning From
Tragedy." A Kiddush follows
Beth Ami Women's Club will
hold a "Chai Fashion Installa-
tion and Luncheon, at the Syn-
agogue, Tuesday April 24 at
noon. For information, 487-
Friday evening April 27 at
i:15 p.m. Rabbi Nathan Zelizer
ill conduct religious services,
ind will speak on "Do, Not.
sspair 0 Israel." He will be
ssisted by Cantor Mark Levi,
/ho will chant. An Oneg fol-
lows services.
Saturday morning April 28
it 9:30 a.m. Rabbi Nathan
Zelizer will teach the weekly
portions of Tazria-Me^zora,
and will speak on "Israel Inde-
endence." A Kiddush follows
Beth Ami Brotherhood will
lold its next breakfast meet-
ing at the Synagogue, Sunday
aorning April 29 at 10 a.m.
Section and Installation of
lew officers will take place at
^hat time. R.S.V.P., 483-4849.
Anshei Emuna
Rabbi Dr. Louis L. Sacks will
>reach the Sermon on the
^heme "The Art of Accep-
ance" at the Sabbath Morning
Service on April 21, at 8:30
^.m. Kiddush will follow.
Rabbi Sacks will preach the
permon on the theme "The
lammer And The Anvil" at
Ihe Sabbath Morning Service
}n April 28, at 8:30 a.m.
Kiddush will follow.
Daily classes in the "Judaic
lode of Religious Law"
schulchan Oruch) led by Rabbi
Racks begins at 7:30 a.m. pre-
leeding the Daily Minyon Ser-
vices and at 5:30 p.m. in con-
junction with the Daily Twil-
ight Minyon Services.
A D'var Torah in Yiddish is
)resented by Rabbi Sacks in
[injunction with the Seu'dat
>hli'sheet celebrated each Sab-
f>ath between the Twilight Ser-
For information call 499-
Temple Kol Ami
On Friday evening, April 20,
services will begin at 8:15
under the leadership of Rabbi
Sheldon J. Harr and Cantor
Seymour Schwartzman. At
this time, Sindy Reich, daugh-
ter of Janet and Richard
Reich, and Mark Halpern, son
of Carol and Robert Halpern,
will be called to the Torah in
honor of their B'Nait Mitzvah,.
On Saturday morning, April
21, services will begin at 10:30.
At this time, Damon Geller,
son of Stacey and Preston Gel-
ler, and Robin Silberman,
daughter of Adrianne Silber-
man and Joel Silberman, will
be called to the Torah in honor
of their B'nait Mitzvah.
On Sunday morning, April
29, at 10:30, Temple Kol Ami
of Plantation will be holding a
Prospective Membership
Brunch. For information, call
Temple Beth El
At Shabbat Services on
April 20, a Yom Hashoah Ser-
vice Holocaust Observance
at 8 p.m. will commemorate
the Six Million Jews who per-
ished in the Holocaust. Special
emphasis will be placed on
behalf of the million and a half
children destroyed by the
Temple Beth El will hold its
regular Shabbat worship Ser-
vices this Friday evening at 8
p.m. Rabbis Merle E. Singer
and Michael L. Feshbach will
officiate. i .
On April 21, a morning Bible
Study Class at 9 a.m. Shabbat
Morning Services begin at
10:30 a.m.
Brett Goffin, son of Rosaline
and Peter Goffin, will cele-
brate his Bar Mitzvah this Sat-
urday morning at 10:30.
A Talmud Study Group is
held every Saturday morning
at 10:40 in the Chapel.
The Shabbat Services at 8
p.m. on April 27, will celebrate
the Adult B'nai Mitzvah of
Beverly Goldstein, Kathleen
Raskin and Sam Ehrenthal
and the Adult Confirmation of
Gail Smith-Gottheim. Rabbis
Merle E. Singer and Michael
L. Feshbach will officiate.
Rabbi Feshbach will deliver
the sermon.
B'Yachad, Temple Beth El
Mid-Singles group, will hold an
evening of fun at the Pompano
Harness Race Track. You
must reserve before April 21.
Call 392-8726.
B'nai Israel
Founders Ball
April 28
The Inaugural Founder's
Day Ball tor Congregation
B'nai Israel will be held on
Saturday evening. April 28. ai
the Marriott Crocker Center.
Honored at this event will be
Joel \'a ident since its founding in
1JI86. Mr. Joel Xadel is Presi-
dent of American Media
Chairing the ball ate Bar-
bara and Abel Zalcberg. Reser-
vations by railing 241-8118.
The dedication of the Sanctuary and building of Beth Ami
Congregation was held Sunday April 1. Ritual chairman, Louis
Fisk (left) and Aaron Rudd are placing the Torah in the Holy Ark
during the dedication.
Israel Museum Building Last Wing
JERUSALEM (JTA) The last wing of the Israel
Museum complex in Jerusalem is to be completed in the fall
of this year, in time for the museum's 25th anniversary
Labor Asked To 'Give' One Month
NEW YORK (JTA) Rabbi Avraham Ravitz, leader of
the Degel HaTorah party, told the daughter of the late
Egyptian President Anwar Sadat that Labor Party leader
Shimon Peres should return to the government of Prime
Minister Yitzhak Shamir on one condition: that Shamir be
given a one-month time limit to respond positively to the
peace initiative of U.S. Secretary of State James Baker.
Joan Bronk Elected President of NCJW
New York Joan Bronk of Teaneck, N.J. was elected
President of the National Council of Jewish Women at the
organization's 38th national convention in St. Louis.
Canadian Journalists Score Publisher
MONTREAL (JTA) A French-Canadian press tycoon
who admires Adolph Hitler was accused by a professional
journalists association here of skirting Canada's anti-hate
Iraqi Offer
reported offer by President
Saddam Hussein of Iraq to
dismantle his weapons of mass
destruction if Israel does the
same seemed to satisfy four of
the five U.S. senators who
held a news conference win-
ding up their fact-finding mis-
sion to the Middle East.
Only Sen. Howard Metzen-
baum (D-Ohio), the lone Demo-
crat in the group, led by Sen-
ate Minority Leader Robert
Dole (R-Kan.), was dubious of
Hussein's peaceful intentions
and in fact suggested that the
Iraqi leader suffers from a
"war psychosis."
In Washington, the Bush
administration welcomed Hus-
sein's reported offer, but not
the condition attached to it.
The senatorial junketeers
visited Egypt, Jordan and
Syria before coming to Israel.
But it was their unscheduled
side trip Thursday to Iraq
reportedly arranged by Presi-
dent Hosni Mubarak of Egypt
which aroused greatest
That was possibly because
Hussein shocked the world
with a threat to destroy "half
of Israel" with chemical weap-
ons in his arsenal.
Arab Terrorists
Continued from Page 3
The report said, "After clos-
ing the airport, police escorted
passengers to the port of Lim-
assol, where they took a ferrv
to Israel."
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Page 6 The Jewish Floridian of South County/Friday, April 20, 1990
Israel Ever-Changing Magnet For All Tourists
Jewish Floridxnn Staff Writer
Our rabbi always says on the
Sabbath, an extra soul enters
us and for that day we are
elevated to the highest level.
For this American visitor,
each day in Israel gave that
Poets can sing its praises
and artists capture its beauty,
but there is something about
the Jewish state that exceeds
words and physical grasp.
Perhaps no where else on
earth can the politics be as
chaotic, the problems as over-
whelming, the burdens as
heavy, yet the unity in an
indescribable way be as
As a short-term visitor to
Israel it is impossible to under-
stand what it is like to live the
daily life of an Israeli.
It is especially difficult
because from a tourist's per-
spective, Israel lives up to its
motto: "Come to Israel, Come
Stay With Friends." Eretz
Yisrael becomes your home,
the people your hosts. And like
a gracious host, it tucks away
its problems as best as
possible and brings out its
My recent visit to Israel
coincided with the first day of
spring. Wildflowers of every
shape, size and the most bril-
liant colors turned the country
into a Van Gogh palate.
It remains hard to grasp how
a country just a little larger
than the state of New Jersey
can offer a taste of geography,
climate, religion, archeological
sites, botany, food and culture
that one would almost have to
zig-zag the world to otherwise
In less than three hours, one
can leave the lush green moun-
tainous Galilee in the north,
cross the Negev desert and
arrive at the Dead Sea, the
lowest elevation on earth.
In less time than that, one
can stop at Jericho, the oldest
city in the world, and arrive at
development towns and new
settlements built just within
the past decade. Or better yet,
stand in one spot and look
upon thousands of years of
ancient cities whose various
layers have l>een uncovered in
archeological digs.-
Jerusalem is a keen example
of the gentrification process
underway in Israel. Just last
month, bulldozers began clear-
ing land across from the Jaffa
(late, one of the entrances into
the walled Old City, for what
officials are calling the single
Jews Cautious
huanian Jews are cautiously
supportive of the Soviet repub-
lic's declaration of independ-
ence, according to members of
an American Jewish group just
returned from there.
Majority of Lithuanian Jews
view independence as better
for them than Soviet rule, said
Dr. Barnett Zumoff, who
spent four days in the Lithua-
nian capital of Vilnius as part
of an eight-person cultural
mission to the Soviet Union.
Staff writer Ellen Ann Stein at Dead Sea resort near Masada.
most ambitious development
project to date.
For 20 years plans were
drafted and redrafted until the
project was accepted by Jeru-
salem city officials. Slated to
include a major hotel, shopp-
ing mall, restaurants and cafes
and extremely expensive
apartments, the project is
expected to give the area an
important economic injection.
Yet, officials claim, it will be
constructed in such a way that
it will not ruin the flavor of old
Israelis who live under
constant threat of attack from
hostile Arab neighbors none-
theless forge ahead with the
toil and sweat and energy that
has given unparalleled sophis-
tication to a country preparing
to celebrate its 42nd birthday.
They are more than willing to
share the fruits of their labors,
and not surprisingly, are con-
fused by potential visitors,
particularly their Jewish
brethren, who stay away
because of safety concerns.
There is no denying that it
would not be wise to drive into
a turbulent Arab village
even though drivers will take
you there or pick flowers on
the Syrian or Lebanese bor-
der, particularly in the times of
the Intifada or Arab uprising.
Israelis point out that such
precautions would be the same
as avoiding certain neighbor-
hoods in New York or Miami.
But that aside, they maintain
Israel's crime rate is much
SHEMLNI On the eighth day of their consecration,. Aaron and
his sons offered sacrifices for themselves and the people, at
Moses' command. Then Moses and Aaron came out of the tent of
meeting, blessing the people. The glory of God appeared; a fire
from Heaven consumed the burnt-offering on the altar. At the
sight, the people cried out and fell on their faces. Nadab and
Abihu, Aaron's sons, offered "strange fire" on the altar; a fire
issued forth and devoured them. Aaron held his peace.
The priests are commanded not to drink wine or strong drink
when entering the tent of meeting "that ye may put difference
between the holy and the common, and between the unclean and
the clean" (Leviticus 10.10).
The portion details the laws describing cleanliness and unclean-
liness in regard to the eating of animals, fowls, and fish.
(The recounting of the Weekly Portion of the Law is extracted and
based upon "The Graphic History of the Jewish Heritage," edited by
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This was my third visit to
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JERUSALEM (JTA) Only 175 immigrants have
settled in the administered territories over the last 12
months, according to an internal Jewish Agency report
leaked to Ha'aretz. An additional 1,300 immigrants have
settled in portions of Jerusalem lying beyond the Green
Line, territory formerly controlled by Jordan.
ROME (JTA) Yasir Arafat took his campaign against
Soviet Jewish aliyah to the Vatican, telling Pope John Paul
II that the massive wave of emigration would cause
"dangerous demographic changes" in Jerusalem that
would "distort the historical character and civilization of
the city."
BONN (JTA) The extreme right-wing Republican
Party and 15 other reputedly neo-Nazi factions qualified to
participate in the parliamentary elections in the state of
Lower Saxony on May 13. But political observers say there
is virtually no chance any of them will receive the minimum
5 percent of the popular vote necessary for a seat in the
state legislature.
UNITED NATIONS (JTA) Israel has charged the
United Nations with "silence and passivity" on the subject
of Palestinian-on-Palestinian violence in the West Bank
and Gaza Strip. Claiming that between December 1987 and
March 1990, more than 200 Palestinians died at the hands
of their brethren, Israel's Ambassador Johanan Bein called
on U.N. Secretary- General Javier Perez de Cuellar to
make a "personal forceful condemnation of these despica-
ble activities."
STRASBOURG, France (JTA) The European Com-
munity's legislative body has called on the E.C.'s 12
member states to impose an arms embargo on Iraq. A
resolution introduced by the mainly left-wing factions of
the Parliament of Europe condemned the "aggressive
attitude of the Iraqi regime toward foreign countries and
toward its own population, notably the Kurdish peoples."
WASHINGTON Soviet Foreign Minister Eduard
Shevardnadze ends three days of talks with Secretary of
State James Baker showing little inclination to change
Soviet policy on the Middle East peace process, direct
flights to Israel and the renewal of diplomatic relations
with the Jewish state.
NEW YORK (JTA) Fears of anti-Semitic pogroms in
the Soviet Union are unfounded, but Jews have cause to
fear increased nationalism and populism among the Soviet
working classes, according to.Qr, Elena Bonner, human
rights activist and widow of Soviet dissident Andrei
LONDON (JTA) A document implying that Czar
Nicholas II was assassinated by a Jew was put on sale by
the famous Sotheby's gallery here, despite protests from
Jewish groups that it was perpetuating a discredited
anti-Semitic canard. It was withdrawn after failing to get
the minimum bid of 350,000 pounds about $370,000.
BRUSSELS (JTA) Justice Minister Melchior Wathelet
denied that Belgium has made any "pledge" to the Abu
Nidal terrorist group in exchange for the release of Belgian
nationals kidnapped by the gang two-and-half years ago.
AMSTERDAM (JTA) The 38th annual Yad Vashem
awards to Righteous Gentiles were presented here Tues-
day to 40 Dutch men and women who risked their lives to
save Jews during the Nazi occupation of Holland in World
War II. The awards are sponsored by the Yad Vashem
Holocaust Memorial in Jerusalem, and this year many were
accepted posthumously by the children or grandchildren of
BONN (JTA) An official of the former Communist
regime in East Germany who found asylum in the West
confirmed that his country had been a major provider of
weapons to Israel's Arab adversaries. Alexander Schalck-
Golodkowski said East German arms were sold to Iraq,
Jordan and Egypt, and to non-Arab Iran, an
implacable foe of Israel since the fall of the Shah.
JERUSALEM (JTA) The caretaker government will
allocate $160 million for development of the Voice of
America's powerful radio transmitter in the Arava region
of the Negev. According to the acting minister of communi-
cations, David Magen, Israeli entrepreneurs will be the
l>eneficiaries of B0 percent of the allocation.
Arab Terrorist
Attack On Plane?
TEL AVIV (JTA) Mystery
surrounds Tass reports that a
Soviet airliner carrying Jews
to Israel was the target of a
Palestinian terrorist attack in
Israeli and Cypriot authorit-
ies said they had no informa-
tion about the alleged incident.
Soviet airliners, moreover.
do not fly to Israel.
The official Soviet news
agency reported, nonetheless,
that an Aeroflot jet carrying
Jewish immigrants to Israel
was attacked by Palestinians.
An amended version issued
later by Tass referred to an
attempted attack on an air-
craft carrying Soviet Jews on a
scheduled flight to Israel via
Continued on Page 7
Friday, April 20, 1990/The Jewish Floridian of South County Page 3
Gorbachev Statement
On Anti-Semitism Debated
President Mikhail Gorbachev,
addressing a meeting of the
Communist Youth League in
Moscow, has made what is
believed to be his first public
statement condemning anti-
Leaders of Soviet Jewry
advocacy groups responded to
the long-awaited statement in
mixed fashion, some welcom-
ing it, but others saying it
minimized or only partially
addressed the problem.
Gorbachev's long-awaited
remark came quietly, in
response to a question posed in
Moscow at the 21st annual
congress of Komsomol, the
Communist youth movement
of the Soviet Union.
Asked what measures he
intended to take in response to
"abnormal conditions of life
and activities of Jews in the
Soviet Union" because of anti-
Semitism, Gorbachev replied,
"I believe that we ought not to
allow raging of nationalism,
chauvinism, anti-Semitism or
any other 'isms' to occur."
"It is necessary to take the
path of harmonizing intereth-
nic relations, to set up legal,
economic and social prerequis-
ites for people of all ethnic
groups," wherever they live,
he said. "There is no other way
that I know of."
A copy of the statement was
forwarded by Yuri Dubinin,
Soviet ambassador to the
United States, to Rabbi
Arthur Schneier, president of
the Appeal of Conscience
Foundation, an interfaith
group that promotes religious
freedom in Soviet bloc coun-
tries and other nations that
experience any religious

Fll I HI s
Reform Body Issues
Russian Prayer Book

Soviet Jewish immigrants
with limited knowledge of
Hebrew or English can now
participate in Friday evening
services with the help of a
booklet containing a model
service in Hebrew, English
and Russian.
The 63-page publication, a
work first published 10 years
ago, has been reissued by the
Union of American Hebrew
Congregations, central body of
Reform Judaism in North
The model service, including
the candle-lighting ceremony
that ushers in the Sabbath, is
designed to introduce Soviet
arrivals to Reform Jewish lit-
urgy, with which few of them
are familiar.
The booklet explains that
while the basic structure of the
service is similar to the tradi-
tional format, a minyan is not
needed for such a service and a
rabbi need not be present,
since it can be conducted by a
lay person.
Republication of the booklet
is part of an intensive effort by
the Reform movement to
"reach out" to new arrivals.
Rabbi Alexander M. Schin-
dler, president of the UAHC,
criticized the failure of congre-
gations to do a more effective
job of bringing Soviet immi-
grants into American Jewish
religious and communal life.
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Price: 35 Cents
Largest Rally Supports Electoral Reform
TEL AVIV (JTA) Israelis
made clear their disgust with
current politics and disdain for
the politicians at a giant rally
for electoral reform here.
Between 100,000 and a quar-
ter-million people filled Mal-
chei Yisrael Square outside
City Hall and overflowed into
side streets, to hear speaker
after speaker condemn the
way the Knesset is chosen and
to propose changes.
They carried banners
addressed to Knesset leaders
and members reading, "We're
Fed Up With You" and
"You're All Corrupt."
According to one police offi-
cial, it was the largest public
gathering in Israel's history,
surpassing the Peace Now
rally of 1982 against the
Lebanon war.
But electoral reform is a far
less polarizing issue and seems
to transcend party politics.
The only hint of partisan
dissent was the relative abs-
ence of kipot, indicating that
the protesters were mainly
The religious parties, like all
of the smaller factions, would
probably be reduced in size and
influence if the present system
of proportional representation
is replaced by the direct elec-
tion of Knesset members.
Several Knesset members
and a few junior ministers, all
from secular parties, mingled
with the crowds, but none
addressed it.
Soviet Jewry activist Natan
Sharansky also spoke,
addressing his first political
gathering that had nothing to
do with Soviet Jews. He
recalled his musings during
the days when he was still a
prisoner in the Soviet Union,
when he believed he would find
a better political system when
he finally got to Israel.
Alas, "There is much still to
be done," Sharansky said.
But HUC Will Honor N. Y. Chief
Mayor Dinkins Defends
Jackson, Mandela, Tutu
York Mayor David Dinkins
defended Jesse Jackson, Nel-
son Mandela and Bishop
Desmond Tutu, while at the
same time criticizing Israel for
its relations with South Africa,
in a speech on black-Jewish
"In truth, there has never
been an absolute consensus
between our two communit-
ies," Dinkins said. "What we
have had is a remarkable deg-
ree of agreement on the ends
we seek, if not always the
means by which we would
arrive at those ends."
The mayor was addressing a
select crowd of prominent
Jewish and black community
leaders, who were assembled
at Hebrew Union College to
view a new photo documentary
exhibit, "Blacks and Jews: the
American Experience, 1654-
While Dinkins made refer-
ence to the "historic alliance"
between black and Jewish
Americans including the
1909 formation of the
NAACP, the civil rights cases
of the 1940s and '50s, the '60s
marches and the deaths of
Schwerner, Chaney and Good-
man he also addressed some
of the black positions and
issues that have been sore
points in the black-Jewish rela-
While Dinkins admitted that
Jewish apprehension over
Jackson's "Hymietown"
remarks "is understandable,"
he said that the black politician
had "humbled himself at the
1984 Democratic National
"It is not productive to con-
tinue to raise issues for which
Reverend Jackson has apolo-
gized," the mayor said.
Dinkins noted African-
American dismay over Israel's
past relations with South
Africa, saying Israel cut its
military ties to the apartheid
regime only after objections
were raised in the United
"Israel can be a true 'light
unto the nations' and lead the
fight against apartheid by
imposing full sanctions and
divestment," Dinkins said.
At this point in the program,
a note was passed to Paul
Steinberg, HUC vice president
and dean of faculty, from HUC
President Dr. Alfred Gotts-
chalk. It was announced after-
ward that the college would be
awarding Mandela an honor-
ary degree and would Dinkins
like to sponsor it.
DEMANDING ELECTORAL SYSTEM REFORM Tel Aviv A crowd of tens of thousands
Israelis gathered in a main Tel Aviv square to protest political corruption and demand reform
Arabs Told To Threaten
U.S. Mid East Interests
Egyptian government-
controlled newspaper Al Akh-
bar has urged the Arab world
to "threaten U.S. interests in
the Middle East."
In a strongly-worded edito-
rial, Al Akhbar called on Arab
states to adopt a more militant
posture in order to compel the
U.8. fee forooe Israel to make
territorial concessions.
"By creating Israel in 1948,
the United States and the
Soviet Union tried to gain
control of the Middle East,"
the editorial asserted. "The
U.S. has always supplied Israel
with arms and aid, making it
stronger than all the Arab
states combined."
Therefore, the editorial con-
tinued, "it is surprising that
the Arabs continue to deceive
themselves and hope that the
U.S. will help them to restore
the stolen rights of the Pales-
tinians The time has come
for the Arabs to realize that
only their own strength will
restore their ownership
rights." Those rights, the Al
Akhbar editorial declared,
"will be restored when Israel
and the U.S. realize that the
Arabs have the force enabling
them to threaten the Israeli
presence and U.S. interests in
the region."
"U.S. policy only strives to
gain time for Israel," the edi-
torial complained. "This is
reflected by the dozens of
envoys sent by the U.S. to the
states of the region during the
past twenty years, without
even a sign of hope appearing
that Israel might be ready to
surrender the territories it
conquered in 1967, and with-
out any effort being made to
New Olim Pouring In
compel Israel to implement
United Nations resolutions."
"The Arabs must under-
stand that force is the only
way to regain their rights," Al
Akhbar concluded.
Meanwhile, a second edito-
rial in Al Akhbar argued that
Egypt's strategic planning for
the 1990s should be based on
the principle that "the Arab
nation is in a fateful conflict
with Israel."
Endorsing the views of
Egyptian researcher Col.
Ahmed Abd el-Halim, Al Akh-
bar pointed out that "the chal-
lenges to Egyptian national
security are both internal and
external," and one of the most
important of the external chal-
lenges is "the Israeli chal-
lenge." It did not further
explain what that "challenge"
consists of
Thousands of Soviet immi-
grants, who have been arriv-
ing in even greater numbers in
recent days, did have to wait
until "next year in Jerusalem"
to celebrate seder here.
More than 1,000 immigrants
from the Soviet Union arrived
here during the three days
before Passover began Mon-
day night, officials confirmed.
Few details were forthcom-
ing. For security reasons, the
Israeli authorities imposed a
blackout last month on the
exact number of new arrivals
and their routes. But flights
from Hungary, Finland and
Poland are much in evidence.
Absorption Ministry person-
nel waiting at Ben-Gurion Air-
port to process the newcomer?
are also in the dark, for techni-
cal reasons.
"Not only do we not know
how many flights are arriving
each day, but we also don't
know how many passengers
the flight is carrying," said
Ephraim Cohen, director gen-
eral of the Absorption Minis-
He said the situation eased
with the installation of a new
computer system Sunday.
Meanwhile, a direct flight
from Moscow landed at Tel
Aviv last week, but it didn't
bring immigrants.
News Scene
JERUSALEM Prime Minister-
designate Shimon Peres calls on Jordan's
King Hussein to rejoin the Middle East
peace process.
JERUSALEM The Construction and
Housing Ministry will build 30,000 apart-
ments for new immigrants, none of them in
the administered territories.
NEW YORK Yelena Bonner, widow of
human rights activist Andrei Sakharov,
deplores recent manifestations of anti-
Semitism in the Soviet Union, but says
pogroms are unlikely.
NEW YORK The Conservative move-
ment in Israel is about to open an institute
to assist in the conversion of non-Jews to
Judaism. The legality of its conversions is
sure to be challenged by the Orthodox
religious establishment in Israel.

Page 8 The Jewish Floridian of South County/Friday, April 20, 1990
Ethiopian Jews Israel Bonds
Suffer Uncertainty campaf^n
Editor. Near East Report
Most of the Jewish commun-
ity's attention is rightly
focused on the plight of Soviet
Jewry. It is essential to ensure
that all Jews who wish to
emigrate from the Soviet
Union are able to do so. At the
same time, the smaller, but no
less embattled, Jewish com-
munity in Ethiopia must not be
ing Jews from their homes,
and encouraging assimilation.
The United States and Ethi-
opia had been allies, but
Jimmy Carter severed rela-
tions with the Marxist govern-
ment because of Mengistu's
abysmal human rights record.
Mengistu is now fighting to
save his regime and has
appealed to the United Sates
to improve relations. He
claims his Marxism was a con-
George Bush played a key
lives five years ago. He is
position to do so again.
role in saving Jewish
in an even better
Five years ago, Israel and
the United States worked
together to secretly rescue
7,000 Ethiopian Jews. When
the original Israeli effort
Operation Moses was
halted, every member of the
Senate wrote to President
Ronald Reagan requesting
that he do what he could to
help in this effort. The Presi-
dent responded by dispatching
Vice President George Bush to
Sudan to help arrange the air-
lift known as Operation
Integration of those Ethio-
pian Jews in Israeli society is
one of the Jewish State's
greatest success stories.
Though some problems
remain, the majority of Ethio-
pians in Israel have adapted
well to living in a dramatically
different culture. Hundreds
now attend Israeli universities
and serve in the army while
thousands more contribute to
the Israeli economy by their
much-admired work ethic.
Biggest problem Ethiopian
Jews in Israel face is psycholo-
gical the uncertainty of the
fate of their families and the
guilt of having left them
behind. As many as 15,000
Jews most women, children,
and the elderly were unable
to be rescued. Some 1,600 chil-
dren in Israel, orphaned by
circumstances, have parents
trapped in Ethiopia.
Ethiopia's leader, Mengistu
Haile Mariam, agreed at the
end of last year to allow family
reunification, but this has not
yet occurred. Israel just reo-
pened its embassy in Addis
Ababa after restoring rela-
tions severed in 1973. It is
hoped this improvement in dip-
lomatic ties will facilitate the
immigration of Ethiopia's
remaining Jews.
Meanwhile, about 3,000
Jews have moved to the Ethio-
pian capital in the hope they
will be allowed to leave. These
Jews have little or no money,
no jobs, and difficulty finding
food and shelter. And they
may be the lucky ones. Most of
the other Jews are trapped in
regions that are either war
zones or already occupied by
rebel troops.
Ethiopia's Jews have always
been persecuted by their
superstitious neighbors who
believed they possessed the
"evil eye" because they were
involved in crafts that other
Ethiopians eschewed. Today,
the government is trying to
combine small villages into lar-
ger towns, thereby breaking
up family structures, separat-
version of convenience necessi-
tated by the U.S. action that
forced him to turn to the Sovi-
ets for help. The Soviet Union
has now turned its back on
The United States is reluc-
tant to improve relations with
Mengistu because of continu-
ing human rights violations.
But there is no love here for
the Eritrean rebels either.
They are supported primarily
by Arab states, including
Libya and Saudi Arabia. The
Arabs object to Mengistu
because his government is not
Muslim and is an impediment
to their goal of making the Red
Sea an Arab lake (Israel is a
bigger obstacle).
Members of Congress,
including the 40 senators and
90 representatives who belong
to the Congressional Caucus
for Ethiopian Jewry, believe
Mengistu must take concrete
steps to protect human rights
in his country before U.S.-
Ethiopian ties can be
improved. One such step would
be to fulfill his humanitarian
commitment to allow the reun-
ification of Jewish families.
George Bush played a key
role in saving Jewish lives five
years ago. He is in an even
better position to do so again,
both in the case of Ethiopian
and Soviet Jews. For the
American Jewish community,
the saving of these lives is a
mitzvah of the highest order
and an invaluable means of
strengthening Israel.
CHICAGO State of Israel
Bonds is launching an emer-
gency campaign as well as a
new bond issue in an effort to
raise an additional $100 million
for the resettlement of Soviet
Jews in Israel.
45 Bonds local campaign
chairmen representing com-
munities in the United States
and Canada met here last
month to launch "Operation
Aliyah" to enroll Israel Bond
purchases in the $100,000 cat-
A new $100 million issue of
State of Israel Zero Coupon
Dollar Savings Bonds, called
the Infrastructure and
Absorption Issue, is being
offered for that purpose.
The new bond will be added
to other offerings by the Bond
Although all proceeds from
Israel Bond sales this year will
be applied solely to resettle-
ment, the task of fund raising
is still challenging.
The bond organization's goal
for 1990 is $1 billion; in the
entire history of Israel Bonds,
total bond sales have totalled
$10 billion.
Over 180 unit owners, including their friends, attended the Third
Anniversary Luncheon of the Villas of Seville Area Condo
Association ofDelray Beach, at the Crystal Lake Country Club.
The committee included Sylvia Waldner, chairperson, Saul
Gutkin, Sarah Kenyan and Bill Sheldon (left), Eve and Bernie
Rudin, and Kate and At Belok, dance at the Seville Area
Association Third Anniversary gala celebration.
(Left), committee members, Sarah Kenyon, Saul Gutkin and
Sylvia Waldner, chairperson, respond to condo-ites checking in
at the Seville Area Condo Association Third Anniversary
Israelis Leave Because
Of Economic Reasons
Israeli emigrants leave for eco-
nomic reasons, not because of
political dissatisfaction or the
Arab "intifada," according to
a new study.
Study was conducted by Mir-
iam Weiss of Columbia Univer-
sity, for the Jerusalem Center
for Public Affairs.
Contradicting claims by
some Israeli doves that the
rate of emigration has
increased because of the Arab
rioting, Weiss found that
"most Israelis who leave the
country" do so because they
"feel thev have very little
opportunity for (financial) suc-
cess in Israel."
Majority of the emigrants
are males between the ages of
24 and 35, and "many have
just completed their regular
army service and have no pro-
fession," Weiss writes.
"Others have completed six-
month job training courses and
then cannot find jobs."
Many of those who even-
tually become permanent emi-
grants initially go abroad as
tourists, Weiss notes.
"When their money supply
diminishes they look for jobs
and often end up doing work
that they would never think of
doing in Israel," Weiss contin-
"As time passes, it gets har-
der and harder to return to
Israel, especially for those who
have no profession ... A great
number marry locals, become
citizens, and have children who
assimilate and often have no
Jewish education."
"Much the same is true of
graduates in the professions,"
according to Weiss. "There
are some 34,000 professionals
with second and third degrees
who are jobless since there are
not enough openings for peo-
ple of these ranks. Recently
qualified academics suffer
from lack of opportunities in
Israel due to budget cutbacks
at universities.
Wartime Slave Laborer Sues Siemens
BONN (JTA) A former slave laborer at the Ravens-
bruck concentration camp is suing the giant Siemens
electronics company for more than $40,000 in unpaid
wages and damages.
Unification Holds Up Reparations
BONN (JTA) European Jewish circles seem to be in
agreement that the question of East German reparations
to Holocaust victims should be held in abeyance until
German unification is effected.
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Page 4 The Jewish Floridian of South County/Friday, April 20, 1990
Earth Day's 20th Anniversary
Earth Day. Sunday, April 22.
A mere 20 years after the first observ-
ance, Earth Day has burst onto the Ameri-
can scene as a major event, something
between a holiday and a global happening.
The statistics are frightening, if not
Every minute, 100 acres of tropical rain
forests disappear. Half of America's land-
fills may be full in just 10 years. Pollution
threatens more than half of the nation's
supply of drinking water.
Even as the centennial of Marjorie Stone-
man Douglas calls attention to the ongoing
threat to the Everglades, the vulnerability
of the Florida Keys to oil drilling remains
Congressman Larry Smith's measure to
ban such drilling deserves support from all
Floridians, not just environmentalists.
Passage of the omnibus Clean Air Act is a
good start, but there are many gaps to be
The Jewish Floridian this week under-
lines the involvement of some Jews in the
battle to save Planet Earth. Impressive as
are the stories described, they are too few
in number.
Just as the Jewish community took the
lead in the Civil Rights Movement, it must
be no less forceful in picking up the mantle
of ecology protection.
Public awareness of issues ranging from
global warming to recycling, from water
conservation to efficient energy use, all are
worthy goals of Earth Day. Establishment
of the Environmental Protection Agency
(EPA) was a direct result of Earth Day
Two decades later, a partially mobilized
populace must fight against the obvious
oil spills, ozone destruction and extinction
of animals. But it must search out the less
publicized issues as well, and do battle on
all fronts.
Because saving the Earth not only is
everyone's business, it's all-out warfare.
Young Judea Names New Director
NEW YORK Rabbi Glenn Karonsky has been appoin-
ted national director of Young Judaea, the national Zionist
youth group sponsored by Hadassah, the Women's Zionist
Organization of America. He succeeds Irv Widaen.
Iraq, Syria, Libya
lations of the massive chemical
warfare and growing missile
installations in Iraq, Syria and
Libya should give all Jews
and non-Jews a far more
realistic perspective of the
magnitude of the genuine
threats and challenges that
face Israel.
Preoccupation with the inti-
fada and the ups-and-downs of
the peace process between
Israel and the Palestinians
have tended to Obscure the
real reasons for much of
Israel's anxieties over being
pressured to take "risks for
The Middle East today is the
most concentrated scene of
arms transfers in the entire
world. Not only do Iraq, Syria
and Libya constitute growing
and grave threats of chemical
and missile warfare against
Israel, but Saudi Arabia and
the renewed PLO concentra-
tions in Lebanon are added
weights to the mounting mili-
tary scales against the Jewish
Personally, I am a moderate
and a centrist, and I want to
see careful responsible steps
being taken to resolve the
Israeli- Palestinian issues.
But the prevalent notion,
even in some Jewish circles,
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Threats To Israel
that Israel is primarily respon-
sible for intransigence in mov-
ing forward to the negotiating
table, without taking into ade-
quate reckoning the terrible
military threats that hover
over Israel, is to me not only
naive, but potentially self-
Superpower relations in
recent weeks also raise added
anxiety. The universal eupho-
ria over the I'.S.-USSR era of
glasnost is now seriously chal-
lenged by the events surround-
ing the independence move-
ment in Lithuania and other
Balkan states.
Despite the virtues of gla-
snost, which most of us wel-
come, Mikhail Gorbachev is
still capable of showing his
iron teeth. And the UnitpH
States suddenly remains
strangely passive as the Rus-
sian giant reimposes its mili-
tary dominance over small Bal-
tic states.
Should we blame Israel for
hesitating, even resisting,
entering into an international
conference on Middle East
peace when the possibilities of
imposing superpower designs
is a clear and present reality?
Israel has much to resolve in
its search for peace, but there
is true fault "in the other
stars," and they need to give
concrete evidence of peaceful
intentions before the Jewish
state is expected to risk its
very existence.
Rabbi Marc H. Tanenbaum in nil- r
national relations consultant to tKe
American Jewixh Committee.
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