The Jewish Floridian of South County

Material Information

The Jewish Floridian of South County
Portion of title:
Jewish Floridian
Added title page title:
Jewish Floridian of South Broward
Place of Publication:
Boca Raton, Fla
F.K. Shochet.
Creation Date:
January 23, 1987
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ;


Subjects / Keywords:
Jewish newspapers -- Florida ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Boca Raton (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Palm Beach County (Fla.) ( lcsh )
newspaper ( marcgt )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Palm Beach -- Boca Raton


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 1, no. 1 (Dec. 14, 1979)-
General Note:
The Apr. 20, 1990 issue of The Jewish Floridian of South County is bound in and filmed with v. 20 of The Jewish Floridian of South Broward.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
Copyright Fred K. Shochet. Permission granted to University of Florida to digitize and display this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Resource Identifier:
44560186 ( OCLC )
sn 00229543 ( LCCN )

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Full Text
w-^ The Jewish -m ?
of South County
Volume 9 Number 4
Serving Boca Raton, Delray Beach, and Highland Beach, Florida Friday, January 23,1987
Murphy Sure
Peace Can
Be Reached
Only Means Still Impede
Israel-Egypt-Jordan Move
Congressman BUI Lehman makes a point in discussions with Foreign Minister Shimon
Peres during Lehman's recent trip to the Middle East.
Rep. Lehman on Tour
Unhappy Political Realities in Israel
Lead to Some Very Strange Behavior
U.S. Rep. William
Lehman (D., Miami) joined
other House members and
key State Department of-
ficials on a trip overseas in
late November to get a first-
hand assessment of
American security needs
and to consult on plans to
upgrade embassy security in
several Middle East and
South Asian countries.
In Miami last week, Lehman
told The Jewish Floridian that, on
the occasion of the trip, he travel-
ed by car from Aman, Jordan to
Jerusalem for meetings with
Israeli officials and American
ween Israel and Jordan may be
commonplace," he said, "but it
still shows tensions and paranoia
in that part of the world. In order
to cross the Jordan River into the
West Bank, we had to leave the
Jordanian vehicle, walk across the
Allenby Bridge and get into an
Israeli car on the other side."
Lehman added: "I also needed
two passports one stamped by
Israeli officials when I entered the
country, and another to show to
Jordanian officials upon my
return which showed no trace of
my having been in Israel."
Lehman is a member of the
House Appropriations Commit-
tee, which has allocated for Fiscal
Year 1987 $4 billion to combat ter-
rorism and to strengthen security
for U.S. facilities and personnel
DURING HIS trip, he and other
members of the delegation in-
spected the present U.S. embassy
in Amman and visited the site
where ten scattered U.S. facilities
will be combined into one new em-
bassy compound to improve
To emphasize these and other
points he enumerated in Miami
last week, Lehman recently wrote
in a Report from Washington that
"In Israel, it would be counter-
productive to discuss specific defi-
Continoed on Page 7
U.S. Assistant Secretary of
State Richard Murphy, win-
ding up a two-week tour of
the Middle East, said here
that he was "convinced"
that Israel, Egypt and Jor-
dan are serious about ad-
vancing the peace process,
though they remain at odds
over how to go about it.
Murphy, who arrived here from
Saudi Arabia Wednesday (Jan. 14)
and returned to the U.S. by the
end of the week, briefed Premier
Yitzhak Shamir on his talks in Jor-
dan and Egypt. His stopover in
Jerusalem was his second since he
came to the region two weeks ago
on his first visit since September.
HE TOLD reporters, "I am
returning to Washington convinc-
ed of the seriousness of purpose
about advancing the peace pro-
cess here, in Jordan and in
Egypt." A spokesman for Shamir
said Murphy informed the
Premier that there was no change
in the basic disagreement among
the three countries over how to
revive the peace process.
"There are good intentions, but
there is disagreement over how to
proceed," the spokesman quoted
Murphy as saying.
Egypt and Jordan are pressing
for an international peace con-
ference on the Middle East with
the participation of the five per-
manent members of the United
Nations Security Council and all
parties concerned, including the
Continued on Page 14
A Jewish Covenant
Miami Rabbi Bernat Voices Opposition
Rabbi Bernat
rabbis officiate at mixed
David Belin of Des
Moines, who chairs the
Commission on Reform
Jewish Outreach, calls this
"the most divisive issue on
the agenda of the Reform
to Mixed Marriage
movement." The Central
Conference of American
Rabbis, the rabbinical body
of Reform Judaism, has
declared its opposition to
participation by its
members "in any ceremony
which solemnizes a mixed
marriage,'' while
acknowledging the freedom
of every rabbi "to hold
divergent interpretation of
Jewish tradition."
Rabbi Alexander M. Schindler,
Continued on Page 10
Prime Minister Shamir
Contras Won't
Figure In
Reagan Talks
Prime Minister Yitzhak
Shamir said Monday the
Iran-Contra affair would
not be the focal issue of
talks with the Reagan Ad-
ministration during his up-
coming visit to Washington.
Shamir is to visit the U.S.
capital in mid-February and will
meet with President Reagan and
top administration and Congres-
sional leaders. But he conceded
that he expected the media to
focus on Irangate in their
coverage of his visit to the U.S.
HE SAID the Administration
continued to be engaged in
Mideast peacemaking efforts and
its involvement had not been
sidetracked by the Iran affair.
Shamir deplored the positions of
Continued on Page 10

Page 2 The Jewish Floridian of South County/frriday, January 23, 1987
..._im/. rr AP/Wide World Photo
IN CAIRO: U.S. special envoy Richard Murphy (left) meets last
week with Egyptian President Hosni M-ibarak to discuss Middle Jerusalem, Murphy said he appeared certain that the trio of
East peace prospects. Murphy arrived here following talks in governments want peace more than ever but that they are still
Amman with Jordan's King Hussein At the conclusion of his wrestling with the means of establishing a mutually acceptable
meetings with Mubarak, Hussein and leaders of Israel in framework for discussion.
SLA Weakened
But Israel Intends To Continue Support in S. Lebanon
Israel intends to maintain
its present policy of suppor
ting the South Lebanese Ar-
my (SLA) while keeping its
own military presence in the
area to a minimum, this
despite the weakened condi-
tion,of the SLA, a condition
which is giving Israeli
military policy-makers much
cause for concern.
This resolve to adhere to the
policy that has been in force since
Israel'withdrew from Lebanon in
June 1985, and to strengthen the
SLA wherever possible, was
enunciated this week by Chief of
Staff Gen. Moshe Levy
HE INDICATED that the deci
sion followed exhaustive delibera-
tions within the defense
Thirteen SLA soldiers were kill-
ed in a number of recent clashes
with Shiite Hizbullah units
usually attacks by the Shiites at
night on poorly staffed SLA posi-
tions Last weekend one such inci-
dent resuled in a Shiite defeat a
development warmly welcomed in
Israel. But the graver problem of
defections from the SLA ranks,
continues to concern Israeli policy
According to informed
estimates, some 20 percent of the
1,500-member force have melted
away into the hills and villages of
south Lebanon over recent weeks.
Israel has sought to stanch this
Israel Offers To Compensate
Family of Slain Irish Soldier
JERUSALEM (JTA) Israel has offered to pay
compensation to the family of Cpl. Dermot McLaughlin, a
soldier in the Irish contingent of the United Nations In-
terim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL) killed by Israeli shells
fired at a suspected terrorist position in the south Lebanon
security zone Jan. 10.
THE SUM OFFERED was not disclosed but was
described as substantial. McLaughlin, 33, was the father of
five children.
Chief of Staff Gen. Moshe Levy told reporters Sunday
that the incident was a "shameful mistake.' He said he had
received a report by a special investigating officer, and it
will be up to the Military Adjutant General to decide
whether further action will be taken.

Boynton Beach resident, Ed-
ward Dorfman, President
Emeritus, after five suc-
cessive one-year terms as
first elected President of
Temple Anshei Shalom of
Delray Beach, will be
honored at a Dinner-Dance,
Saturday evening, March 28,
at the temple. Many Boynton
Beach residents are temple
members and will be
hemorrhage by increasing the
salaries that it pays the SLA men
these are henceforth to be paid
in U.S. dollars, no longer in the
steadily plummeting Lebanese
currency and by insisting that
south Lebanese civilians can only
cross the border daily to work in-
side Israel if they have a member
of their family serving in the SLA.
IN ADDITION to Israel's wor
ries over the complement and
fighting-fitness of the SLA, there
are deepening concerns here over
the steady buildup of PLO forces
in south Lebanon north of the
I'nited Nations Interim Force in
Lebanon (UNIFIL) line.
Some Israeli sources have been
quoted as citing a figure of 3.000
Palestinian fighting men now
grouped in the areas around Tyre
and Sidon. These Palestinian
units, moreover, are buoyed by
their recent success in holding
their own against numerically
superior Shiite Amal forces
especially around the village of
Maghdoushe where the Amal was
beaten in pitched battles.
Israel was peripherally involved
in that fighting: its naval craft
shelled PLO positions on the
coast. Also, the Israel Air Force
has been used frequently of late to
bomb and strafe Palestinian
and occasionally Hizbullah ter-
rorist targets in various parts of
BUT THERE is a feeling
among some observers here that
Israel may have been
overestimating the military
strength of Amal, which, though
numerically large, seems badly
organized and badly commanded.
Particularly chastening to Israel
is the fact and it is by now a pro-
ven fact that the PLO has
enlisted the aid of the Beirut
Christian forces in infiltrating
men and materiel back into south
Lebanon. Israel has clear evidence
that the Christians both the
government circles around Presi-
dent Amin Gemayel and the
Phalangists have actively
enabled the PLO to use the
Christian-controlled port of
Junieh, north of Beirut, as an en-
try point.
While Israeli naval craft fre-
quently arrest and search craft en
route to Lebanon, and have
recently turned back the regular
ferry from Cyprus because it was
carrying PLO reinforcements.
Israel cannot impose a total
blockade on the busy waters off
In June. 1982. when Israel in-
vaded Lebanon, the enemy was
the PLO. and the ally was the
''hristian community
NOW IT SEEMS, in the ever
shifting pattern of alliances that
accompanies Lebanon's end
civil strife, the Christians are
moving towards Svria and the
Pl.t), and disavowing anj
'igial involvement with Israel.
Last week, in a Christian Radio
Broadcast monitored her. !-
Was referred to a.- "our Zioi
This setback, from the Israeli
standpoint, could he netter
countenanced if Israel's efforts to
reach a reliable understanding
with Amal seemed likely to
But, as throughout the pas-
years, Amal is still proving a
reluctant and unpredictable
target of Israel's overtures.
Moreover, its own failure to
defeat the PLO in battle, and the
steady rise of the fanatical Hiz-
bullah within the Lebanese Shiite
Community, has rendered Amal
itself a less attractive target for
such overtures.
Behind the rise of Hizbullah, ac-
cording to Israeli experts, lurks
an increasingly active and influen-
tial Iranian involvement in the
religious, political and military life
of Lebanon.
ISRAEL, therefore, is faced by
two equally unpleasant prospects
across its northern border: ,
growing PLO presence and an
ascendant, Iranian-backed Hiz
bullah which is driving the Shiite
moderates onto the defensive.
And if Israel's outlook for ac
commodation with the indigenous
forces iit sfflith Lebanon is bad, its
relations with UNIFIL have
reached an all-time low.
The killing last week of an Irish
corporal by Israeli tank fire has
triggered a flurry of openly con-
demnatory statements by
UNIFIL officers in the field, and
by UN officials and contributing
nations. The incident is seen as
topping a wave of SLA attacks on
UNIFIL positions for which the
UN directly blames Israel.
Israel, w'.-ich only belatedly ad
m .ted that its own tanks had kill-
e i the corporal, has now offered
monetary compensation to his
Who is A Jew? It's a Matter of
Identity. How do you define a
Jew? The child of a Jewish
mother? The child of a Jewish
father? One who performs mitz-
vot? One who merely calls himself
as a Jew?
B'nai B'rith Jacob Lodge No.
3246 invites you to a stimulating
meeting and your participation in
dialogue on this most perplexing
question The matter is at the
heart of Israel's Knesset. The
issue threatens to divide Diaspora
Jewry and alienate Jews n
the world
There wi be I full chacussi
after viewing the lynamic new
film ,-A Matter of Identity Thi-
15 minute presentation asks Wha'
issues are nvolved in "Who Is \
.lew" What are the differen-
lunts of view'' How should
1 taspora Jewry react to the ques
tion And, how will the answe
Israel-Diaspora relations
So join us. It will be a meeting
you will long remember!
(;>en meeting will take plao
Tuesday. Feb. 3, 10:30 a.m., at
Temple Anshei Shalom, W. Atlan
tic Ave., one mile east of Turn
pike All welcome Ladies invited
The Del Pointe Chapter of
Women's American ORT will
Monday, Feb. 2, there will be a
Mother to Another" luncheon at
Boca Pointe.
Saturday, Feb. 7, we are off to
Pompano Park. $15 covers reserv
ed seats, good food, free parking
Call Shirley 498-4667.
A-AAbot Answerfone offers:
"person to person service"
24 hours a day
A-AAbot Answerfone (305)586- 7400
213 N. Dixie Highway Lake Worth, FL 33460

Friday, January 23, 1987/The Jewish Floridian of South County Page 3
At Israel Embassy
King Birthday Brings Renewal Call for Coalition
The anniversary of the
birthday of the Rev. Martin
Luther King Jr. was com-
memorated at the Israel
Embassy here Wednesday
(Jan. 14) with calls for the
restoration of the coalition
of whites and blacks which
marked the civil rights
movement that was led by
the slain black leader.
Coretta Scott King, widow of
the civil rights leader, took note
that the Embassy was packed
with more than 200 Washington
area Jews and blacks for the
"Whenever we gather in the
name of Martin Luther King Jr. it
must be done as an interracial, a
multiracial, a multicultural kind of
way," she said. She said her hus-
band stressed that "we are all
part of he same human family."
THIS IS the fourth consecutive
year that the Embassy has mark-
ed the birthday of King, who
would have been 58 Thursday
(Jan. 15). The Embassy held the
event in cooperation with the Mar-
tin Luther King Jr. Federal Holi-
day Commission, the Jewish Na-
tional Fund of America and the
America-Israel Friendship
Asher Nairn, the Embassy's
Minister of Information, noted
that Israelis and Jews everywhere
have always admired King's
"courageous leadership" for civil
rights and his "rejection of anti-
Semitism along with all forms of
Israeli Ambassador Meir
Rosenne read a message from
Foreign Minister Shimon Peres in
which Peres noted King had made
"a singular contribution to the
moral heritage of humankind."
Peres said that King "identified
with the history, faith and ideals
of the Jewish people" and was a
true heir to the "prophetic
observance of her husband's birth-
day, of which the official federal
of man and were compelled by
their belief to do something about
ty relations director for the
Adolph Coors Co., who along with
Nairn was co-master of
ceremonies for the commemora-
tion, also stressed that "Jews and
blacks have shared much." They
"have suffered together and very
often against the same enemies,
prejudice, bigotry and discrimina-
tion," she said.
Also participating were
Washington Mayor Marion Barry
Jr., and Isaiah Robinson, vice
president of the America-Israel
Friendship League. The two black
leaders stressed the need to use
holiday was on Monday, is an op- the commemoration of King's bir-
portunity to begin a "new tradi- thday for a recommitment to the
tion." She urged a restoration of problems still existing in the U.S.
the cooperation between black
and white students, which marked
the civil rights movement of the
James Farmer, founder and
former national director of the
Congress of Racial Equality, also
urged the "restoration of the
Farmer, who organized the
Freedom Bus Rides through
Mississippi in the 1960s, stressed
that one-third of the persons who
rode the buses to bring about in-
tegration on the interstate buses
in the South were Jews.
He said they did so because
"they believed in the brotherhood
and abroad. This should be done
"whether in south Alabama or
South Africa, whether in
Mississippi or the Soviet Union,"
Barry said.
Both also stressed King's role as
a leader for peace with Barry
noting King's hope for peace for
Hospital Official in Zaire
To Organize Medical Facility
Israeli hospital administrator has
arrived in Zaire's capital city to
organize operation of the nation's
newest medical facility a new
hospital being built jointly by a
local Christian sect, the United
States Agency for International
Development and Hadassah.
Eli Mor, Administrator of the
Hadassah-University Hospital in
Jerusalem, will lead the Kin-
shasha hospital's staff of 157
medical and support personnel
through the early stages of its
operations over the next 30 mon-
ths. The facility occupies seven
buildings on the site of a small
hospital run by the Kimbanguist
Church and will serve about
150,000 Kinshasha residents.
Mor will be joined in six months
by the first of several teams of
doctors and nurses from the
Hadassah Medical Organization in
Israel who have volunteered for
rotating two-month stints at the
new hospital to help train its staff
in the latest techniques in patient
Funding to expand and upgrade
the site and to equip the hospital
was provided through a $1.5
million AID grant awarded last
September. The hospital includes
departments in pediatrics,
gynecology and obstetrics,
surgery and internal medicine and
is equipped with operating
theaters, recovery room,
diagnostic laboratories and inten-
sive care and radiology units.
The project has the support of
the governments of both Israel
and Zaire.
Kahane Told To Prepare
For April Trial in Kansas City
KANSAS CITY (JTA) A suburban Kansas City
Judge, William Cleaver of the Overland Park Municipal
Court, told the attorneys representing Israeli Knesset
member Meir Kahane and two local Palestinians to be
prepared for a mid-April trial. The three men face charges
stemming from a Nov. 18 incident here at which Kahane
Kahane, a founder of the Jewish Defense League and
now leader of Israel's ultra-right Kach Party, faces a
disorderly conduct charge in conjunction with his ap-
pearance at a meeting, during which he allegedly attacked
Mousa Shukair, a member of the Palestinian Human Rights
Coalition, for disrupting his speech.
Shukair and Rezek Muslet, another Coalition member,
also face a disorderly conduct charge in connection with the
incident. Shukair is charged with resisting arrest.
According to Kevin Moriarity, an Overland Park at-
torney defending Shukair and Muslet, the target date for
the trial is Apr. 8.
Ernest Goldblum
Eleanor Goldblum
Weekend Jan. 31
Ernest Goldblum, a
magnanimous philanthropist and
devoted member of the Anshei
Emuna Orthodox Congregation
has established the "Eleanor
Goldblum Scholar-in-Residence
Week-end" at Anshei Emuna as a
tribute to his late wife.
Each year an outstanding
scholar will deliver a series of lec-
tures to which the community-at-
large will be invited without any
charge. This series will be in-
itiated on Saturday and Sunday,
Jan. 31 commencing at 8:30 a.m.
and Sunday morning, Feb.. 1,
following the breakfast beginning
at 9:15 a.m. Rabbi Yonason Sacks,
Talmudic Scholar, will inaugurate
this program.
Besides his leadership at Anshei
Emuna, Goldblum has been in the
forefront in the conference on
Soviet Jewry in whose behalf he
has traveled frequently to Europe
and Israel, meeting with the
foremost public officials concern-
ed with the plight of Soviet Jewry,
and earning for him numerous
awards and international recogni-
tion. His innovative projects in
behalf of Holocaust and genocide
education have elicited praise
from many academic and political
As a man of benevolence,
Goldblum accompanied by his
friend, Mrs. Anita Penzer, take a
weekly walk of compassion
throughout the Delray Beach
Community Hospital distributing
flowers and cheer to all the
Israel and the Middle East.
Coretta King thanked the
Israeli government for holding a
memorial for her husband last
year and Israelis and our "Jewish
brothers and sisters" in the
United States for the King Forest
in Israel.
JEFFREY COHEN, represen-
ting the JNF, said the forest now
has 10,000 trees. He pointed to
Lenore Siegelman, program
director of the American-Israel
Committee to Commemorate
Martin Luther King Jr., who
planted the first 39 trees, marking
King's age when he was slain in
On display at the Embassy was
the American-Israel Committee's
travelling exhibit, "Hand in Hand
for Justice," which highlights
King's career, as well as Jewish
involvement in the civil rights
struggle. It includes statements
by King against anti-Semitism
and in support of Israel and Soviet
Siegelman said that the exhibit
can be rented by schools or
organizations and can be used
throughout the year.
Gayle L. Riedmann, daughter of
Louis Riedmann and Janet McCoy
of Omaha, Nebraska, became
engaged to Ralph R. Kazer, son of
Esther R. Kazer and the late Ben
P. Kazer of Boynton Beach.
Ms. Riedmann is a Certified
Nurse-Midwife and Dr. Kazer is a
reproductive endocrinologist.
They both practice at Nor-
thwestern University in Chicago.
A May 31 wedding is planned.
Religious Directory
Orthodox, Rabbi Dr. Louis L. Sacks, 16189 Carter Road, Delray
Beach, Florida 33446. Phone 499-9229. Daily Torah Seminars
preceding Services at 7:30 a.m. and 5 p.m. Sabbath Eve Services
at 5 p.m. Sabbath and Festival Services 8:30 a.m.
2134 N.W. 19th Way, Boca Raton, Florida 33431. Conservative.
Phone (305) 994-8693 or 276-8804. Rabbi Nathan Zelizer; Cantor
Mark Levi; President, Joseph Boumans. Services held at Mae
Volen Senior Center, 1515 Palmetto Park Road, Boca Raton. Fri-
day evening at 8:15 p.m., Saturday morning at 9:30 a.m.
1401 N.W. 4th Ave., Boca Raton, Florida 33432. Conservative.
Phone 392-8566, Rabbi Theodore Feldman, Hazzan Donald
Roberts. Sabbath Services: Friday at 8:15 p.m., Saturday at 9:30
a.m. Family Shabbat Service 2nd Friday of each month.
Mailing Address: P.O. Box 2262, Boca Raton, Fla. 33427-2262.
Phone: 394-5732. President: Dr. Israel Bruk. Services Friday
evening 6:45 p.m. Shabbat morning 9:00 a.m. Mincha-Maariv 7:30
p.m. For additional information call above number or 393-6730.
Services at Center for Group Counseling, 22445 Boca Rio Road,
Boca Raton, Florida 33433. Reform. Rabbi Richard Agler. Cantor
Norman Swerling. Sabbath Services Friday at 8 p.m., Saturday
at 10:15 a.m. Mailing address: 8177 W. Glades Road, Suite 214,
Boca Raton, FL 33434. Phone 483-9982. Baby sitting available
during services.
Located in Century Village of Boca Raton. Orthodox. Rabbi
David Weissenberg. Cantor Jacob Resnick. President Edward
Sharzer. For information on services and educational classes and
programs, call 482-0206 or 482-7156.
7099 West Atlantic Ave., Delray Beach, Florida 33446. Conser-
vative. Phone 495-1300. Rabbi Pincus Aloof. Cantor Louis Her-
shman. Sabbath Services: Friday at 8 p.m., Saturday at 8:30 a.m.
Daily services 8:30 a.m. and 5 p.m.
333 S.W. Fourth Avenue, Boca Raton, Florida 33432. Reform.
Phone: 391-8900. Rabbi Merle E. Singer, Assistant Rabbi
Gregory S. Marx, Cantor Martin Rosen. Shabbat Eve Services at
8 p.m. Family Shabbat Service at 8 p.m. 2nd Friday of each
month, Saturday morning services 10:30 a.m.
Mailing Address: P.O. Box 340015, Boca Raton, FL 33434. Con-
servative. Located in Century Village, Boca. Daily Services 8 a.m.
and 5 p.m. Saturday 8:45 a.m. and 5:15 p.m., Sunday 8:30 a.m.
and 5 p.m. Rabbi Donald David Crain. Phone: 483-5557. Joseph
M. Pollack, Cantor.
5780 West Atlantic Ave., Delray Beach, Florida 33445. Conser-
vative. Phone: 498-3536. Rabbi Elliot J. Winograd. Zvi Adler,
Cantor. Sabbath Services: Friday at 8 p.m., Saturday at 8:45 a.m.
Daily Minyans at 8:45 a.m. and 5 p.m.
2475 West Atlantic Ave. (Between Congress Ave. and Barwick
Road), Delray Beach, Florida 33445. Reform. Sabbath Eve. ser-
vices, Friday at 8:15 p.m. Sat., 10 a.m. Rabbi Samuel Silver,
phone 276-6161. Cantor Elaine Shapiro.

Page 4 The Jewish Floridian of South County/Friday, January 23, 1987
Levi Jet-Fighter
May Be Grounded
The Lavi jet-fighter, which has flown so
exquisitely through two test runs, may yet
be grounded. The Lavi is financed by U.S.
production grants. It is also too expensive to
build, according to Reagan Administration
officials, who believe that it would be
cheaper for Israel to purchase F-16 jet-
fighters made in the U.S., or even F-18's,
both to be equipped with Lavi avionic and
electronic systems.
Not so, argues Israel. In the first place,
say Israeli experts, the American estimates,
as repeated last week by Deputy Defense
Secretary Dov Zackheim in five days of
meetings with the Israelis in Tel Aviv, are
based on American production figures.
These figures, they say, would be substan-
tially lower if computed on the basis of
Israeli costs.
More important, in their view, to redesign
thousands of tailor-made Lavi components
for use in the U.S. jet-fighers, as Zackheim
suggested, would be excessively costly even
if the components could, in fact, be redesign-
ed. Indeed, Israel's experts argue that they
cannot. New development of these com-
ponents would have to occur from scratch,
they say.
Essential Issue Avoided
The constant U.S. argument that the Lavi
would be too costly to produce sounds
reasonable enough on its face. But even dis-
counting U.S. arguments, it studiously
avoids a far more essential issue the ge-
nuine American wish to avoid bankrolling
yet another achievement produced by Israeli
aviation designers and high-tech genius.
No clearer example of this can be seen
than in earlier run-ins between the United
States and Israel over the sale of Israeli-
- manufactured jekfighters, even of a far-
lower military and scientific order, to coun-
tries in Latin America and elsewhere. Under
those circumstances, the American denial of
permission for the proposed sales was based
on the fact that the Israeli planes incor-
porated U.S.-produced jet engines.
A Catch-22 exists in Israel's latest Lavi
dilemma because it was precisely for this
reason the right of the United States to
veto Israel's ultimate power over its fighter
force that Israel sought to produce a first-
class combat plane of its own and without
U.S. incumbrances. Nor, clearly, does Israel
have in mind American exceptions based en-
tirely on economics.
Israel's operation in Lebanon produced
U.S. threats to embargo more planes and/or
parts until Israel ceased the operation. In
the 1967 Six-Day War, when Israel's Air
Force was still based heavily on the French
Mirage fighter, France closed down all
shipments to Israel in an embargo that only
recently began to show signs of letting up.
What all this amounted to was political
blackmail rather than economic
Freedom from Encumbrances
In the end, Israeli experts see the Lavi as
an instrument designed to free their country
from the vagaries of shifting Middle East
foreign policies aimed against Israel,
whether these policies are formulated in
Washington or London or anywhere else.
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No doubt, the economic issue also weighs
as a factor, but in different terms. Should
the Lavi be grounded, it is estimated that
somewhere between 3,000 and 4,000
workers employed on the project would lose
their jobs.
Who, in the end, is likely to win the argu-
ment? Air Force Commander Maj. Gen.
Amos Lapidot has said that he likes the per-
formance of the Lavi in its initial test runs,
but that the Air Force could live without it
were it necessary. This may well mean that,
already, the handwriting is on the wall.
'We Shall Overcome'
The official national celebration of Martin
Luther King Jr.'s birthday on Monday was
in stark contrast to the realities of the status
of American civil rights today. In the past
few weeks, there have been reports of racial
incidents that strike at the very heart of Dr.
King's "I have a dream" address which he
delivered shortly before his assassination
and which was the very essence of his vision
of freedom for all Americans.
Some of these incidents included five
white cadets at the Citadel, the four-year
military college in Charleston, S.C, who car-
ried a burning paper cross into the barracks
of a black cadet and taunted him. The cadet
subsequently resigned from the Citadel, but
the Klansmen-like cadets were merely
penalized, not expelled.
Then, there is the case of Philadelphia,
where blacks buying homes in so-called
white areas have watched their dwellings
put to the torch. And in Boston, where a
black U.S. seaman was beaten severely dur-
ing shore leave.
Not to mention the eruption in the
Howard Beach section of Queens, N.Y.,
where white teenagers accosted three black
men walking on "their turf' with baseball
bats and a tree limb, and one block man, 23,
was killed by an auto as he fled onto a
parkway and what he believed would be his
get-away from the confrontation.
What would Dr. King say about any of this
if he could speak today? Or about the
reference to New York Mayor Ed Koch by
Mayor W.W. Goddbold of Brookhaven,
Miss., as "that Jew bastard"?
Thinking in Dr. King's terms, one can only
declare: "We shall overcome." But none of
this becomes the spirit of his birthday which
the nation was happy enough to stay home
Monday in celebration of.
Bishops' Conference
Issues Guide for Catholic-Jewish Dialogue
Friday, January 23, 1987
Volume 9
Number 4
New York
The National Bishops' Con-
ference of Brazil has issued
a 187-page "Guide for a
Catholic-Jewish Dialogue in
Brazil," according to Rabbi
Henry Sobel, coordinator of
the National Commission
for Catholic-Jewish
Dialogue sponsored by the
Bishop's Conference there.
Sobel, who heads the commis-
sion of five Jewish and five
Catholic leaders, is rabbi at Con-
gregacao Israelita Paulista in Sao
Paulo, the largest synagogue in
Latin America.
The guide was prepared by the
commission and distributed last
month to Brazil's 229 Catholic ar-
chdioceses and dioceses by the Na-
tional Bishops' Conference, and it
covers such subjects as Israel,
Jewish history, the Holocaust,
roots of anti-Semitism, Judaism in
Brazil, and interfaith cooperation,
Sobel said during his visit to New
York last week to speak to the
American Jewish Committee.
BRAZIL HAS the largest
Catholic population in the world,
some 117 million, and the Jewish
population is only about 150,000.
"The mere fact that the Catholic
Church reaches out to the small
Jewish minority reflects
theological and political sensitivi-
ty, commitment and vision,"
Sobel said.
Most significant is the fact that
the book acknowledges the
legitimate existence of the State
of Israel within secure boun-
daries, Sobel said. He emphasized,
however, that the Bishops' Con-
ference does not have within its
powers the ability to recognize or
not recognize Israel. "This can on-
ly come from the Vatican," Sobel
said. "But the mere fact that the
Brazilian Bishops speak of 'the
right of the Jews to a peaceful
political existence in their land of
origin' reflects tremendous
The introduction to the guide
says its objective is "helping
Catholics in Brazil to understand
better the historical, religious and
national aspirations of the Jewish
Written in simple language, the
guide is designed to stimulate
discussion on Judaism in the
Catholic churches and schools in
Brazil. Suggested questions in-
clude: Does anyone know a Jew?
Are there prejudices in this socie-
ty? To what extent is the figure of
Judas used to strengthen pre-
judices against Jews? The manual
points out the sources of tradi-
tional and continuing distruct bet-
ween Catholics and Jews.
THE BISHOPS' Conference is
known for its political activism for
social justice in Brazil. In addition,
"they are ecumenical in spirit and
action and deeply committed to
dialogue with the Jewish com-
munity," according to Sobel.
In November, 1985, in com-
memoration of the 20th anniver-
sary of Noatra Aetate, the first
Pan-American Conference on
Catholic-Jewish Relations was
held in Sao Paulo, under the spon-
sorship of the Brazilian Bishops'
Conference. Seven resolutions
were adopted, including one that
stated "Zionism is not racism," to
mark the 10th anniversary of the
United Nations General Assembly
adoption of the infamous Zionism
is racism resolution.
In his remarks to the AJCom-
m.ttee, Sobel said that the major
problem confronting Jews in
Brazil was not anti-Semitism but
Semitism the preservation of
Jewish identity.
"If we are mesmerized by anti-
bemitism, Sobel stated "we
divert our energy from' many
more urgent problems on our
agenda: Jewish identity, Jewish
education, Jewish values, Jewish
culture, we are so concerned with
the idea thai < may some day be
denied the right to be Jews that
we neglect our duty to remain
"OUR MOST urgent task in
Brazil today is not only to combat
possible anti-Semitic trends.
Brazilians are among a most
tolerant people, and consequently,
anti-Semitism is not a major
threat. The prominent task is to
motivate Jews to remain Jews."
Sobel emphasized that he was
not discounting difficulties facing
Jews in Brazil. He noted that:
Brazil is leaning more on oil-
producing countries to cope with
a mounting international debt of
$120 billion; pro-PLO groups have
used the Israeli operation in
Lebanon as a excuse to itensify
their public demonstrations; the
Methodist University of
Piracicaba recently joined with
the PLO in seminars on the
"Zionist threat"; and Brazil, as a
major arms manufacturer, has
sensitive relations with Saudi
Arabia, Iraq, and other anti-Israel
Arab nations.
Present-day uncertainties affec-
ting Brazil's Jews, Sobel told the
AJCommittee, center largely on
their former tendency to keep
their distance from social justice
movements. Unitl recently, he
stated, because of the rightwing
government, any movement for
human rights was automatically
interpreted as a leftist movement
against the government.
BUT NOW, he pointed out,
Brazil is on the way to becoming
one of hte world's largest
democracies. Moreover, he said,
the Roman Catholic Church in
Latin America has been opposing
the "conservative power struc-
ture" and Jews are less inclined to
avoid association with human
rights causes.
As a result, Sobel asserted, the
ethical values of Judaism have
more space to express themselves
and more of an opportunity to af-
fect the lives of Jews. "The pro-
blem Jews face," he said, "is how
Continued on Page 9

Can Modern Science
And Its Practitioners
Be Reconciled Today?
Friday, January 23, 1987/The Jewish Floridian of South County Page 5
Copynght Baltimore J ninth Txmen
All Publication Right* Reserved
Something deeply hidden had
to be behind things.
God is very subtle, but He is not
Albert Einstein
Fifteen years ago, Eli
Schmell was beginning
research for his doctorate at
Johns Hopking. His major
was in biochemistry. His
thesis was about fertiliza-
tion. One day at the univer-
sity laboratory, Schmell
peered through a
microscope as there was a
sudden flurry of cells
He called over his adviser, a
thin, ascetic, slightly Germanic
man. He took a quick glance
through the microscope lens and
stated, with an evenhanded,
clinical thoroughness, "Umm,
there's a lot of biochemistry going
on in there."
SCHMELL, intrigued by the
phenomenon, if not by his ad-
viser's reaction, again looked
through the lens. The apparently
unstoppable division of the cells
seemed even more determined
than before. Under his breath,
Schmell whispered in Hebrew a
verse from Psalms:
How great are Thy works, 0
Lord! Thy thoughts are very deep!
Schmell is the son of very tradi-
tional Orthodox Jews. He had at-
tended rabbinical college in New
York until he realized that he
would make a better scientist than
a rabbi. Schmell may have aban-
doned his formal training in the
rabbinate, but he had not aban-
doned his sense of the divine.
To Schmell, the cells' division
transcended the mechanics of
biology. What he was witnessing,
he felt, could have only been in-
spired by a "force" that did not
ordinarily enter into the equations
and hypotheses and laws of pure
his adviser, a dedicated man of
science, was confused and maybe
a bit put off by his Hebraic salute
to his Creator and, especially,
his lack of an equivalent salute to
biochemistry. After all, this was a
laboratory dedicated to science. It
was not a synagogue. For
Schmell's own good, it was best to
keep his religion distinct from his
science for two crucial reasons.
l)To keep his scientific in-
vestigations pure and
2) To get through his graduate
At least since Copernicus was
ridiculed in the 1500's for propos-
ing a heliocentric universe and
Galileo was tried for heresy for
similar ideas in the 1600s, the
popular mind has assumed that
science and religion are forever at
loggerheads, constantly jockeying
for supremacy in a world that
precludes peaceful co-existence.
Religion, laymen often think,
seeks to raise man's gaze to the
stars and beyond. It attempts
to invoke awe and humility before
whatever force gave the cosmos
life and meaning.
But science, in the frequent
view of the public, is content to
stop at the stars, to analyze their
gases, their patterns, their mo-
tions across the black unknowns
of space. It proceeds carefully and
deliberately from hypothesis to
proof, from a not-so-wild hunch to
what scientists hope will be ir-
refutable evidence. It may seem
Michael Edidin
cold and logical, maybe even
Yet the two disciplines are not
that discrete despite Eli
Schmell's experience with his doc-
toral adviser in the Hopkins
University biochemistry lab. They
are both searching for knowledge
about our world, both grappling to
comprehend a mysterious, often
mind-boggling universe. Science's
emphasis is on the depth of reali-
ty; religion's is on its meaning.
TO A JEW, science cannot be
easily shunted aside as if it were a
nasty inconvenience. As the
Jewish philosopher, Hillel, said
2,000 years ago, "The ignorant
man cannot be pious." By turning
his back on knowledge, man also
turns his back on wisdom, on the
ways of the world, on the ways of
Science and religion are also not
at irreconcilable loggerheads for
the simple sake of the scientist. If
science were pure reason and
religion pure intuition, scientists
would be two-dimensional and
schizoid, content with severing
their intellectual life from their
spiritual life from 9 to 5 and their
spiritual life from their intellec-
tual at sundown each Friday.
Few scientists are willing to
tolerate such splits in their lives.
Albert Einstein, for instance, that
almost mythical embodiment of
the 20th Century scientist, was
virtually a mystic. He wrote about
"the harmony of natural law,
which reveals an intelligence of
such superiority" that human
thinking is "utterly insignificant"
by comparison.
order came from religion, which
inspired an "aspiration toward
truth and understanding."
"I cannot conceive of a genuine
scientist without that profound
faith .," Einstein wrote, "I
maintain that the cosmic religious
feeling is the strongest and
noblest motive for scientific
The public's belief that conflicts
rage between science and religion,
said Dr. Julian Jakobovits of
Baltimore's Sinai Hospital, "has
more to do with perceptions of
what the two fields do than what
they actually do."
"Science and religion are ac-
tually very complementary," said
Jakobivits, whose father, the chief
rabbi of the British Com-
monwealth, has written widely on
science and religion. "These two
piece together different aspects of
a giant jig-saw puzzle. I don't
know anyone with a scientific
education who has been torn bet-
ween the two areas.
IN FACT? there is nothing
about science that would inherent-
ly pull someone away from
religion. Just the opposite. One
cannot but be dumbfounded by the
Creation and how everything fits
in so perfectly even down to the
smallest molecule. Realizing that
a masterful architect must have
designed all this is a religious
Rabbi Ephraim Buchwald of
New York's Lincoln Square
Synagogue agreed that little
strife marks science and religion.
The two disciplines, he noted, may
even have more similarities than
one might expect.
"Scientific reasoning is close to
Talmudic reasoning, he said.
"Both are baaed on carefully
made observations. Both seek
While these respective "proofs"
may differ, Buchwald noted, they
do not disagree on the essential
phenomena or on its previously
unsuspected order.
said that molecules have random
movement," said Buchwald, "but
it could not account for that move-
ment. Now, we see that there is a
pattern to molecular movement.
Genesis (the first book of the bi-
ble) may indicate that the world is
about 5,700 years old, but its
description of the sequence of
Creation from the simplest to
the most complex does not dif-
fer with the pattern of evolution.
Science also admits that it has no
explanation for the origin of the
Big Bang (the cosmic explosion
that may have created the
universe). They call it a 'force.'
We call it 'God.'
Quantum mechanics, the para-
mount theory of current physics,
postulates that arbitrary,
capricious energy pure chance
rules the world. It suggests that
the world is ultimately
unknowable and unpredictable.
An atom's location or its speed,
for instance, can be determined
but not both. Electrons and other
particles pop about at random,
without rhyme or reason.
Continued on Page 12-
Can They Be Counted in 'Minyan?'
Eli Schmell
As computers' power and "intelligence"
have increased, there has been occasional
speculation about whether they may be
counted in a minyan. This is a debate that has
persisted, in one form or another, since at
least the story of the golem the robot
created by kabbalistic rites in the 16th
Perhaps a bit puckishly, Azriel Rosenfeld,
an Orthodox rabbi who is also a professor of
computer science at the University of
Maryland, is inclined to include highly in-
telligent robots in minyans. Rosenfeld's
criteria for minyan membership rest* on
whether a prospective member has a soul.
"If it's intelligent," he said, "it has a soul."
Rosenfeld would determine whether ar-
tificial intelligence equaled human in-
telligence by submitting a computer to "Tur-
ing's Test," a crude gauge of intellect devised
by a pioneering cyberneticist in 1950. Under
"Turing's Test," an interrogator would con-
verse by teletype with a computer which con-
ducts its end of the conversation, to the best
of its ability, as if it was a human. If the inter-
rogator cannot detect the deception, the com-
puter is "intelligent."
Nonsense, said Avram Goldfinger. "Jews
are chosen for certain tasks," said this Or-
thodox computer scientist at the Johns
Hopkins University Applied Physics
Laboratory. "We have different obligations
than robots."
"And anyway," added Goldfinger, "I don't
know what intelligence is."

Page 6 The Jewish Floridian of South County/Friday, January 23, 1987
U.S., Not Israel, Responsible
For Iran Decision State Dep't.

The Reagan Administra-
tion has stressed again that
the United States govern-
ment, not Israel, is responsi-
ble for the Administration's
decision to sell arms to Iran.
"Israel does not make
decisions for the U.S.
government," State Depart-
ment deputy spokesperson
Phyllis Oakley said. "We
make our own decisions and
accept responsiblity for our
own actions."
Oakley noted that over the past
three days there have been news
reports in which members of the
Administration appeared to be
blaming Israel for the decision to
sell arms to Iran in exchange for
the release of American hostages
in Lebanon and for diverting ex-
cess funds from the sale to the
two weeks ago a memorandum
dated January 17, 1986, by the
then National Security Adviser,
John Poindexter, to President
Reagan which indicated that
Israel promoted U.S. contacts in
Iran in an effort to bring about a
more moderate government there
and suggested selling arms in
return for the release of the
hostages. The President did not
read the memorandum but was
briefed orally from it.
The release of the document
was followed by reports alleging
that Israel pressed the U.S. to
continue dealing with Iran despite
the reluctance of White House
Oakley denied reports that
Reagan or any other Administra-
tion official had apologized to
Israel for the attempt to blame
U.S. policy on Jerusalem. But she
confirmed that Thomas Pickering,
the U.S. Ambassador to Israel,
discussed the "issue" with
Premier Yitzhak Shamir on Sun-
day (Jan. 11). She said Pickering
did not present Shamir with a let-
ter from Washington, but orally
gave the U.S. position that it
assumed responsibility for its
HOWEVER, Shamir's
spokesman, Avi Pazner, said in
Jerusalem that Pickering assured
the Premier that the Administra-
tion was not trying "to make
Israel a scapegoat for the decision
made by Washington."
Oakley's comments came as
Yossi Beilin, director general of
Israel's Foreign Ministry, was
conducting two days of talks here
with Michael Armacost, Assistant
Secretary of State for Political
She noted that the talks were
part of the periodic discussions
between Armacost and the direc-
tor general of the Foreign
Ministry which began in 1983,
although this was Beilin's first
participation since becoming
director general.
The talks covered "the full
range of bilateral, regional and in-
ternational issues of mutual in-
terest to the U.S. and Israel,"
Oakley said.
"Shamir Says He Has Received
Assurances of No Scapegoating
Premier Yitzhak Shamir has
received assurances from
Washington that the
Reagan Administration was
not trying to scapegoat
Israel in the Iran arms sales-
Contra affair. Vice Premier
and Foreign Minister
Shimon Peres confirmed
this to the Knesset's
Foreign Affairs and Securi-
ty Committee last week.
He also disclosed that he sent a
meaaage of his own to Vice Presi-
dent George Bush reiterating
Israel's denial that it was involved
in the transfer of proceeds from
Iranian weapons purchases to the
Nicaraguan rebels, known as Con-
tras, or that Israel initiated the
U.S. arms sales to Iran in 1985.
was the prime mover in the arms
sales was contained in a briefing
memorandum to President
Reagan by his then National
Security Adviser, Admiral John
Poindexter, released by the White
Israel was also agitated by
reports in the U.S. media, at-
tributed to Administration and
Congressional sources, that it was
shipping weapons to the Contras
at its own initiative in 1985,
unknown to the U.S. until
"detected" by American
Israeli diplomatic sources in
Washington were quoted by Israel
Radio as expressing concern "that
Israel was now being made a
scapegoat" by the White House.
Peres confirmed that a message
from the White House was con-
veyed orally to Shamir by U.S.
Ambassador Thomas Pickering,
assuring Israel that the
documents released last week
were not intended as criticism of
ficial said that the White House
realized after the documents were
released that they were potential-
ly damaging to U.S.-Israel
A State Department source was
quoted in the American media as
saying that "Tom Pickering was
told to tell Shamir that the White
House release of the documents
was not an attempt to point
fingers and accuse Israel of
anything, but that so much partial
and incorrect information had
been leaked out, and the Presi-
dent had a commitment to get
everything out to the public, that
the White House felt it was impor-
tant to get them on the record."
The Poindexter memo stated'
that an emissary from Peres, who
was Prime Minister at the time,
brought to Washington a plan to
sell weapons to Iran as a means of
securing the release of American
hostages held by pro-Iranian
elements in Lebanon and for
mutually beneficial strategic in-
terests of Israel and the U.S.
The memorandum reportedly
was prepared by Lt. Col. Oliver
North, an aide to Poindexter at
the time.
PERES, in his appearance
before the Knesset committee,
blasted the Israeli media for
"drawing fire" down on Israel by
publishing reports of its role in the
Iran arms sale and transfer of
funds to the Contras. Israel has
maintained that it facilitated the
arms shipments solely at the re-
quest of the Reagan Administra-
tion to help an ally obtain the
release of its hostages. It has
vigorously denied any Contra
Reagan talks with Chief U.S. Arms Control
Negotiator Max Kampelman during a meeting
in the Oval Office at the White House last
week. Appearing to match a move by the
Kremlin, the President announced that
In Vienna
APAVide World Photo
Kampelman, who received final instructions
before flying to Geneva for the resumption of
talks on Thursday (Jan. 15), will serve both as
the head of the U.S. delegation there and as
State Department counselor.
Kreisky Quits Party Posts in Snit
Former Chancellor Bruno
Kreisky resigned Thursday
(Jan. 15) from his posts in
the Socialist Party to pro-
test the selection of People's
Party leader Alois Mock as
Foreign Minister. The two
parties comprise Austria's
coalition government.
Socialist leaders said last Thurs-
day that they hoped Kreisky
would reconsider his decision to
step down as honorary chairman
of the party and president of the
Institute for International Policy
and the Renner Institute, his
party's academy.
ACCORDING TO a Socialist
daily newspaper, Kreisky said he
couldn't go along with a foreign
policy designed by Mock, who was
head of the People's Party during
Kurt Waldheim's successful run
for the Presidency last spring. Ug-
ly anti-Semitic statements surfac-
ed during the campaign as the
World Jewish Congress repeated-
ly raised allegations about
Waldheim's Nazi affiliations and
military activities during World
War II.
Kreisky, who was controversial
himself for his contacts with the
PLO, Libya and North Korea,
allegedly is afraid that a Conaer-
vative Foreign Minister will be
unable to diminish the harm done
by the Waldheim campaign to
Austria's image abroad.
Moreover, foreign policy had
been a Socialist domain for many
years. Kreisky served as
Secretary of State in the Foreign
Ministry and later as Foreign
Minister before serving as
Chancellor from 1970-83.
Reaction varied to Kreisky's
decision, telephoned Wednesday
night to newly elected Chancellor
Franz Vranitzky from the hospital
bed here where Kreisky is ill with
MOCK CALLED it incom
prehensible, and both Vranitzky
and Socialist Party chairman Fred
Sinowatz said they wanted to ask
Kreisky whether his decision was
Vranitzky down-played the im-
portance of a Conservative
Foreign Minister, explaining that
foreign policy would be designed
through close cooperation within
government. He added that
Austria has more important pro-
blems than a struggle over Mock.
The Socialist Party Council ap-
proved the coalition agreement
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Unhappy Political Realities
Encourage Strange Behavior
Friday, January 23, 1987/The Jewish Floridian of South County Page 7
Continued from Page 1
ciencies in U.S. facilities.
However, an obvious example is
the U.S. Consulate building in
This is an old, graceful structure
dating from the Turkish Empire.
Today, scaffolding keeps the roof
from collapsing. This facility's
location only a few feet from the
street makes it a serious security
bassador Tom Pickering told me
that the U.S. Embassy in Tel Aviv
is in even worse shape. Only the
concern and diligence of Israeli In-
telligence services have prevented
a tragedy."
In Lehman's view, "The
deplorable condition of our em-
bassy and consulate underscores
the need to construct a new em-
bassy in Jerusalem in a protec-
table compound."
This raises the question of
American policy with respect to
the status of Jerusalem as Israel's
national capital a status the
United States does not accept and
that is symbolized by the U.S. em-
bassy in Tel Aviv.
But according to Rep. Lehman:
"An amendment sponsored by
Sen. Jesse Helms (R., N.C.) pro-
hibits the State Department from
spending funds on any U.S. em-
bassy in Israel that is not located
in Jerusalem, Israel's capital."
SAID LEHMAN: "While I sup-
port the transfer of our embassy
from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem, I do
not foresee a U.S. policy change
on this question until progress is
made on peace negotiations bet-
ween Israel and Jordan."
Referring to his discussions
with Ambassador Pickering, U.S.
Consul Morris Draper and top
Israeli leaders, Lehman
elaborated on what he
documented in his recent
Washington Report.
"The focus," he said, "was on
two new initiatives supported by
both the U.S. and Israel to
stimulate development on the
West Bank. First, the Jordanian
National Bank recently opened a
branch office on the West Bank.
At present, it makes only con-
sumer loans, but it will soon be ex-
panding into a full-service finan-
cial institution.
"Second, Congress has made
available to the government of
Jordan up to $15 million to sup-
port a Jordanian development
program to improve West Bank
roads, schools, clinics and utilities.
This year, the U.S. will provide $7
million for these projects."
ACCORDING to Lehman, while
both the U.S. and Israel support
these efforts with great en-
thusiasm, "no one believes they
will solve the problems on the
West Bank. Rather, the purpose is
to diminish PLO influence by
developing alternative leadership
and methods to improve the quali-
ty of life for West Bank Arabs."
Referring to a meeting he had
with Moshe Arens, a former
Israeli Ambassador to the United
States and a former Minister of
Defense, Lehman noted that
"Arens' office is in East
Jerusalem, which was in Jorda-
nian territory before the 1967
"I was accompanied to his office
building by a high-ranking officer
from the U.S. embassy, but he re-
mained in the car in the parking
lot. In keeping with U.S. policy,
our diplomatic personnel are for-
bidden to conduct business with
Israeli government officials in
East Jerusalem another exam-
ple of the strange ways of the Mid-
dle East.
Concluded Lehman: "Among
the subjects I discussed with
Arens was the Lavi jet-fighter,
which was developed by Israel
with U.S. economic support. Re-
cent test flights give reason for
optimism for the future. The Lavi
will make Israeli defense more
self-reliant, create new export op-
portunities, and develop Israeli
high-tech industries to help pre-
vent the country's most
knowledgeable and skilled resear-
chers and workers from pursuing
better opportunities elsewhere."
Public Losing Confidence in Labor,
Likud Coalition, Poll Shows
TEL AVIV (JTA) The public is losing confidence
in Labor and Likud, the principal partners in the unity
coalition government, according to a poll published Friday.
It indicated that both would lose votes if elections were
held now. The beneficiaries would be parties on the left and
right of the political spectrum.
ACCORDING TO the poll by the Hanoch Smith
Research Institute, published in Davar, 38 percent of the
electorate would vote for Labor and 27 percent for Likud.
This represents a 4 percent loss for the Labor Party and 1
percent decline for Likud since a similar poll was conducted
in September 1986.
Support for the leftist Citizens Rights Movement
(CRM) rose from 4.5 percent last September to 6 percent
now. The rightwing Tehiya Party went from 6 to 8 percent
approval by the respondents.
~ OF THE = I*

Israel Consul General Moshe Yagar speaks to Long Beach, L.I. The conference updated
students before the annual University Service students on current Israeli issues. The Broad-
Department Midyear Conference of the State way play, 'Hanna Senesh' was staged as part
University of New York at a gathering in of the program.
French Say
Jews of Lebanon Should Flee Country
Representative Council of
Major French Jewish
Organizations (CRIF) has
urged Lebanon's remaining
Jewish community to flee
the country at the earliest
possible moment to save
their lives. Fewer than 100
Jews are believed to remain
in Lebanon.
Roger Pinto, head of CRIF's
committee for imperiled Jewish
communities, made his plea a day
after a Shiite terrorist group in
Lebanon announced the "execu-
tion" of another Jewish hostage,
bringing to nine the number of
Lebanese Jews kidnapped and
murdered in less that two years.
THE LATEST victim has iden-
tified by the killers as Yehoudah
Benesti, 70, whose two sons,
Ibrahim and Youssuf, were slain
by the same group last year.
Pinto stressed that Lebanese
Jews "belong to no community"
as do Moslems and Christians,
"have no militias of their own and
do not enjoy the help or protection
of any foreign powers." Accor-
ding to Pinto, "They remain in
Lebanon because they love their
country," but the time has come
for them to flee.
Two Lebanese Jewish hostages
are believed here to be still alive.
They are Isaac Sasson, the former
president of the Lebanese Jewish
community, who was kidnapped
on March 31, 1985; and Selim
Jamous, the community's former
secretary, who was kidnapped
from his office on August 14,
They are believed held by the
same extremist terrorist group
responsible for the murders of
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Page 8 The Jewish Floridian of South County/Friday, January 23, 1987 London Theatre Open* Play
JSO LOFlUUenCe Showing Zionist 'Collaborators'
Gov't. Beats Back Five Motions
The government has
defeated five non-
confidence motions in the
Knesset over the new
economic plan approved by
the Cabinet. But it remains
locked in dispute with
Histadrut over a proposed
$30 million cut in subsidies
to the Kupat Holim (sick
fund) which was excised
from the Health Ministry's
The imbroglio forced postpone-
ment of the ceremonial signing of
the economic plan by the govern-
ment, Histadrut and the Associa-
tion of Manufacturers and
Employers. It had been scheduled
for Tuesday night (Jan. 13).
Talks continued throughout
Wednesday between Finance
Minister Moshe Nissim, the heads
of the Treasury's Budget Depart-
ment, and Yisrael Kessar,
secretary general of Histadrut.
The labor federation has dug in
its heels against the subsidy cut.
Kupat Holim, which provides com-
prehensive health care benefits, is
a major inducement for Israelis to
join Histadrut.
Meanwhile, the Education
Ministry is conducting its own bat-
tle against cuts in the education
budget. Members of the Histadrut
Teachers Association, mainly
elementary and junior high school
teachers, staged a one-day strike
Thursday (Jan. 15) against the
cuts and the education tax which
is another feature of the new
economic program. Classes were
held for only the first two grades.
DURING THE Knesset debate,
the government's plan was attack-
ed by both the left and rightwing
parties. Yair Tsaban of Mapam,
pointing to Labor Party leader
Shimon Peres, the Vice Premier
and Foreign Minister, who is a
strong supporter of the economic
plan, declared, "You will go down
as the man who organized the
counter-revolution against social
security in Israel."
Rafael Eitan of the Tehiya Par-
Swiss Air Force
ty charged that the coalition
government encouraged"destruc-
tive apathy" among the public. He
said Israelis have no confidence in
the government and have lost
hope for the future.
Shulamit Aloni of the Citizens
Rights Movement (CRM) attacked
the devaluation of the Shekel, a
major feature of the economic
plan. She said it was part and
parcel of the government's skew-
ed priorities.
Progressive List noted that the
military's refusal of cuts in the
defense budget was accepted by
the government, while it slashed
the budgets for health, education
and housing.
Communist Party leader Meir
Vilner assailed Histadrut for
"helping off the legs of
workers." He added that
government "wants to cut
their arms as well."
Nissim, replying for the gover-
nment, was repeatedly heckled by
Yaacov Shamai, who heads the
Likud faction in Histadrut. When
a hand vote was taken on the non-
confidence motions, both Shamai
and Histadrut chief Kessar were
absent from the chamber.
Royal Court Theater, one of
the most prestigious in Lon-
don's West End, will shortly
present a play titled "Perdi-
tion" which depicts Zionists
as willing collaborators with
the Nazis in the mass exter-
mination of Hungarian
The play has already drawn
angry protests from British Jews,
Holocaust survivors and others as
an insidious libel and propaganda
windfall for the Soviet Union and
anti-Israel hatemongers in Libya
and Iran.
Scholars of the Holocaust, in-
cluding Winston Churchill's
biographer, Martin Gilbert, and
Dr. Stephen Roth, director of the
Institute of Jewish Affairs and
himself a member of the Zionist
movement in Hungary during
World War II, have called the play
"preposterous" after reading it in
ACCORDING TO Gilbert, it is a
"vicious travesty of the facts."
Roth branded it "a libel against all
those who lived through, fought
and mostly perished in the
their in-
The playwright, Jim Allen, a war.
former miner, admits to being an
outspoken foe of Israel but claims
to be "very pro-Jewish" and that
he is "rescuing the Jews from
In an interview published in The
Guardian, Allen maintained that
the Zionist* were
favorite Jews" because
terests coincided with his "on the
basis of opportunism."
Allen's rationale is that "Hitler
wanted the Jews out of Europe,
and the Jews wanted a state in
Palestine. It was almost a volkist
(folk) thing, blood and land. Hitler
was fond of the Zionists, they
were good Jews, prepared to fight
for land."
Court Theater has several
wealthy Jews among its patrons,
and its chief fund-raiser in the
U.S. is believed to be the im-
presario Joseph Papp, a strong
supporter of Israel.
Allen's play is loosely based on
events in Hungary in 1944 when
the Zionist leader, Rudolf
Kastner, engaged in hopeless
negotiations with Adolf Eichmann
to buy Jewish lives in exchange
for trucks and money. Kastner's
activities were the subject of bit-
ter controversy in Israel after the
Plans To Buy 40 Teleguided
Military Aircraft From Israel
GENEVA (JTA) The Swiss Air Force plans to
buy 48 Scout teleguided military aircraft from Israel at a
cost of 50 million Swiss Francs, the Lausanne daily Le
Matin reported last week.
AIR FORCE CHIEF Gen. Walter Duerig said Scouts
purchased in 1985 were tested and found acceptable under
local conditions. Hans Rudolf Strasser, a Defense Ministry
spokesman, confirmed the Le Matin report.
He said Switzerland wants to reach a licensing agree-
ment with Israel so that local enterprise can have a hand in
manufacturing the aircraft.

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* For your child's safety, make sure there is
nothing metallic on the kite, make sure that
the string for the kite has no wire or metal in it,
and don't let kids fly kites near power lines.
Ordinarily, power lines are quite harmless. But
when a kite gets caught in a power line, it could become electrified.
Tell your kids to let go of the string and leave the kite alone.
Otherwise, the result could be deadly.
Always look up. Whether you're picking fruit or pruning trees,
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Don't be a victim of your own carelessness.


Friday, January 28, 1987/The Jewish Floridian of South County Page 9
Knesset Erupts in Flying Fists,
Insults As Soviets Look On
Present among 900 top executives and stars
honoring NBC President Brandon Tartikoff
at a recent Jewish National Fund dinner in
Universal City, Calif, are (left to right) actor
George Peppard; Mrs. Samuel I. Cohen; Dr.
New Plan
Samuel I. Cohen, executive vice president,
Jewish National Fund; NBC talk-show host
Johnny Carson, and Alex Moos, Carson's
fiancee. See story, Page 13
Aims At 'Permanent' Solution
(JTA) Israel has offered
the Security Council a new
plan aimed at reaching "a
permanent solution" to the
unstable situation in south
The Israeli plan calls for "an im-
mediate and total ceasefire in the
entire area of South Lebanon for a
period of at least six months,"
Yohanan Bein, Israel's Acting
Ambassador to the UN, declared.
Bein introduced the Israeli plan
Thursday night (Jan. 15) after the
15-member Council unanimously
approved the extension of the
mandate of the United Nations In-
terim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL)
for another six months.
THE ISRAELI delegate told
the Council that once the ceasefire
is established in south Lebanon,
"It will then be possible to
negotiate the territorial and
obligational aspects of a perma-
nent solution. These principles
should in Israel's view constitute
an accepted framework for a
dialogue on lines similar to those
envisaged in Security Council
Resolutions 242 and 338."
Bein stressed that Israel does
not consider the security zone it
established in 1984 in south
Lebanon to be permanent.
Moreover, he said, Israel is wor-
ried that the current stalemate is
harmful to all parties concerned.
Israel, therefore, is interested in
reaching a permanent solution for
the security of its northern
border, Bein said, adding: "For
this purpose, Israel is willing to
negotiate and cooperate with the
Government of Lebanon or any
other credible partner in that
country that genuinely seeks and
can ensure peace in Lebanon."
FIRST CHANUKAH IN 63 YEARS: David Goldfarb,in
wheelchair, arrives in New York last week to cetebrate his first
Chanukah in 63 years. Goldfarb, a Jewish cancer patient who
was allowed to leave the Soviet Union in October, is helped by his
son, Alex Goldfarb (left), and Claire Friedman, a member of the
New York synagogue where he attended the cekbration.
the contribution of UNIFIL in
maintaining stability in the area.
He rejected, however, the charge
made last week by UN Secretary
General Javier Perez de Cuellar
that Israel was the major cause of
the deteriorating security situa-
tion in south Lebanon.
Israeli diplomats said Friday
that they had not received any
response to their new initiative.
A spokesman for the Israeli UN
Mission said that Israel forwarded
its new plan for south Lebanon to
UN Undersecretary General for
Political Affairs Marrack
Israel withdrew its forces from
Lebanon in 1985. It maintained,
however, a "security belt" in
south Lebanon, extending three
to 15 miles north from the Israeli-
Lebanese border, as a buffer zone
against terrorist attacks on Israeli
villages and settlements in upper
Jewish Guide
Continued from Page 4
to adapt to this period of
liberalization. Just as we have the
liberty to manifest ourselves as
Jews, so do anti-Semites have the
liberty to manifest themselves as
Born in Lisbon, Portugal, of
Belgian refugees from Hitler,
Sobel was raised in New York Ci-
ty. He received his ordination
from Hebrew Union College-
Jewish Institute of Religion in
1970 and soon afterwards moved
to Brazil.
Some Of Us Will
Be Pampered
This Passover.
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Knesset ushers and guards
were forced to intervene
Monday in a clash between
left- and right-wing
members during a visit by a
Soviet delegation.
The three-member delegation
from the Soviet Peace Committee,
visiting Israel at the invitation of
the Hadash (Communist) Party,
was taken to the Knesset by their
hosts, who wished to show them
the parliament and introduce
them to members.
THEY MET in a private dining
room for about two hours with
Knesset members from the Labor
Party and leftwards, but when
they entered the Knesset
members' lounge and cafeteria
they were met by Geula Cohen,
Yuval Neeman and Eliezer
Waldman of the right wing Tehiya
Party displaying posters deman-
ding free emigration for Soviet
Communist member Charley
Biton grabbed the banner from
Cohen and tore it up. But the fiery
Cohen, who had apparently an-
ticipated his reaction, unfurled
another poster.
Insults soon gave way to shov-
ing and fisticuffs, and the Knesset
ushers intervened to stand bet-
ween the rival factions, but not
before Kach member Meir Kahane
physically attacked Biton.
COHEN FELL to the floor. She
later claimed that she had been
pushed down by Biton, but he
claimed that she had lain down on
the floor with her poster.
The guards escorted the Soviet
visitors, appearing white and
shaken, from the building.
Knesset Speaker Shlomo Hillel
denounced the incident, described
by parliamentary correspondents
as one of the most serious ever
seen in the Knesset. He said that
he would ask the House Commit-
tee to give him increased powers
to punish members who interfere
with the normal work of the
parliament and prevent visitors
from coming to see Israel's
parliamentary democracy in
Cohen and other rightwing
members demanded that Biton be
removed from the Knesset "for at
least a year."
Jews Urged
To Shun
SYDNEY. Australia (JTA) -
The head of the Beth Din (rabbinic
court) here has urged Orthodox
Jews to avoid non-kosher func-
tions to protect their own and
Judaism's dignity.
Rabbi Dr. Y. Kemelman said
that to attend a non-kosher func-
tion, sit in a corner and eat from
"a second or third-rate menu ...
looks to me as the adoption of a
ghetto status."
Moreover, the rabbi said an
Orhtodox Jew's attendance at a
public non-kosher function is to be
interpreted as a sanction, the
Australian Jewish Times reports.
The rabbi went on to advocate
kashrut at all public Jewish
events. "It should be clearly
pointed out to people that even if
their Jewish observance in private
is not what it should be, there is
nothing hypocritical about
upholding traditional sanctities
and amenities in their public
celebrations of Jewish religions
occasions," he said.
"Fed tiv personal touch of professionals with 30 years of experience.'
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Page 10 The Jewish Floridian of South County/Friday, January 23, 1987
A Jewish Covenant
Mixed Marriage Rapped by Rabbis
Continued from Page 1
president of the Union of
American Hebrew Congregations,
the central body of Reform
Judaism, supports this stance,
asserting: "Intermarriage
represents a potential drain on the
numeric strength of the Jewish
people and on its inner commit-
ment. Whether I like it or not, my
officiation would be seen as a seal
of approval and would therefore
become encouraging of intermar-
riage. If I participate, I give
license to those who say, 'Well,
the rabbis are officiating, why in
heaven's name is there anything
wrong with my intermarrying? '
MOST RABBIS justify their
refusal to officiate at interfaith
weddings by arguing that the
Jewish idea of marriage is that of
a covenant between two Jews.
Rabbi Haskell Bernat of Miami ex-
plains the rabbi's role: "Contrary
to what is often thought, the rabbi
neither confers God's blessings on
the bride and groom nor does the
rabbi 'marry' the couple. As a
m'sader kiddushin, the rabbi
serves as a witness on behalf of
the Jewish people. Symbolically,
the rabbi is the Jewish people at
the ceremony, and through the
rabbi we enter into the covenant
with the bride and groom."
But some rabbis and many lay
people believe that the normative
rabbinic stance is out of touch
with modem realities. Alfred
Miller of Montreal is among those
who urge rabbis to perform mixed
marriages. He says: "It is impossi-
ble to stress too strongly how bit-
ter the Jew feels when the rabbi
refuses to marry him. He feels he
is being rejected by the Jewish
people, leaving a scar from which
he rarely recovers. If a religious
marriage is refused, it does not
stoi) th^^pTejtrdm j^jjng'taar-'
ried iHonry* turns "them away
from the synagogue."
Contras Won't
Figure in Talks,
Shamir Says
Continued from Page 1-
certain Arab states which called
for Soviet involvement in a peace
forum on the grounds that
Washington had lost credibility in
the region as a result of the sale of
arms to Iran.
He spoke to reporters after
briefing the Knesset Foreign Af-
fairs and Defense Committees in
The Premier told Committee
members earlier that while he
might support posible changes of
tactics, he did not support the no-
tion of territorial concessions in
Judaea and Samaria.
HE WAS responding to queries
about an interview he gave last
week to Reuters news agency in
which he was quoted as indicating
that Israel might, in the course of
a negotiation, move to a position
favoring some territorial
Shamir has been attacked for
this statement by Gush Emunim
and there have been signs of dis-
quiet within his own Likud Party.
Meanwhile, Vice Premier
Shimon Peres is preparing for a
European visit that will take him
to three capitals. He is to meet
with Prime Minister Margaret
Thatcher in London, with Presi-
dent Francois Mitterrand in
Paris, and with the Foreign
Ministers of the European
Economic Community countries
in Brussels. He leaves Israel later
this week.
Dr. Mark Winer, a sociologist,
is senior rabbi of Temple Beth
David in Commack, N.Y., and
director of the Research Task
Force for the Future of Reform
According to Mel Merrians of
Larchmont, N.Y., rabbis should
solemnize mixed marriages "only
if the partners have agreed to
study Judaism seriously, maintain
a Jewish home and rear their
children as Jews." Merrians
criticizes those rabbis who co-
officiate with Christian clergy. "I
don't think you can be married
within two religious traditions,"
he says.
AMONG THE Reform rabbis
who officiate at weddings bet-
ween Jews and non-Jews, most in-
sist that the couple commit
themselves to maintaining a
Jewish home, joining a temple and
rearing the children as Jews.
Some, like Rabbi Harry Danziger
of Memphis, require that the cou-
ple study the same program as
those preparing for conversion.
These rabbis believe that of-
ficiating at an interfaith wedding
brings the couple closer to the
synagogue and to Judaism. Rabbi
Danziger says, "I see them after
the wedding just as often as I see
Jews who marry Jews."
Recent Jewish community
studies indicate that approximate-
ly one in three Jews currently
enters marriage with a partner
who was not born Jewish. Yet,
despite this rise in the frequency
of Jewish intermarriages, fewer
rabbis appear willing to solemnize
mixed marriage ceremonies than
might have done so 15 years ago.
The trend is particularly notable
among rabbinic students. Dr.
Alfred Gottschalk, president of
fhe Hebrew Union College-Jewish
Institute of Religion, sees the
tendency away from officiation as
"the temper of the times." Unlike
rabbinic students in earlier
generations, most students now
come from Reform homes but in
many respects feel closer to tradi-
tional Judaism.
Congregations that will employ
only those rabbis who officiatesat
mixed marriages are finding
fewer candidates to choose from.
Paul Uhlmann, Jr. of Kansas City,
who supports this kind of litmus
test in the selection of rabbis, feels
that the rabbi's position on this
issue should be a part of his or her
curriculum vitae. Rabbi Kenneth
Segel of Montreal compares a con-
gregation's choice to the selection
of a husband or wife. "If the con-
gregation feels that a rabbi's of-
ficiating at mixed marriages is im-
portant, it's right," he says.
BUT UAHC board chairman
Charles Rothschild Jr. rejects
such a test, and CCAR executive
vice president Joseph Glaser calls
it "self-defeating for congrega-
tions to refuse consideration of a
rabbi who will not perform mixed
marriages. In so doing," he says,
"they eliminate over half of the
members of the CCAR, reducing
the odds of finding the kind of rab-
bi they ought to have as leader,
teacher and pastor. It's unfair not
only to the rabbis, but also to the
Rabbi Bernat of Miami declines
to officiate at interfaith weddings
out of ideological conviction. But
he also believes that "his converts
have a special claim on him as the
guardian of the boundaries of the
Jewish people. He reasons, "Were
I to officiate, could they not con-
front me with, 'How can you give
to those unwilling to make our
commitment the same benefits
Lavi's Future
Up In The Air
prototype of the Lavi,
Israel's second generation
jet fighter plane, has
undergone two test flights,
but its future remains up in
the air while Israeli defense
experts mull over alter-
natives proposed by U.S.
Deputy Defense Secretary
Dov Zackheim.
Zackheim spent five days in
Israel two weeks ago trying to
convince its political and military
leaders that the Lavi, financed by
U.S. grants, is too costly to pro-
duce. But according to Brig. Gen.
Menahem Eini, head of the Lavi
project at the Defense Ministry,
many of Zackheim s ideas were
less feasible than alternatives
Israel has already rejected.
Israel Defense Force weekly,
Bamachane, Eini was quoted as
saying, "We've already thought of
all the possible alternatives. I can
say with certainty that they were
numerous and more realistic than
Zackheim's." While Eini stopped
short of accusing the Pentagon of-
ficial of carelessness, he noted
that "they (the Americans) left
here a document containing
thousands of pages which ought to
be studied' but some proposals
seemed "a bit fantastic."
Zackheim urged the Israelis to
abandon the Lavi in favor of an
already tried and tested aircraft.
Many more test flights of the Lavi
are necessary to prove its
capabilities and several different
prototypes are being produced by
Israel Aircraft Industries to
determine which is best, a lengthy
and costly process.
Zackheim proposed as options
the F-16 manufactured by General
Dynamics, and the F-18, each of
which would be produced under
license in Israel and modified by
the Israelis according to their
BUT EINI dismissed the F-18
as a very expensive plane. He said
the proposal that Israel buy the
F-16 and equip it with Lavi
avionic and electronics systems
would set the program back three
He explained that the modifica-
tion would require redesigning
thousands of components tailor-
made for the Lavi. "The designer
would have to begin the develop-
ment from scratch" and between
3,000-4,000 people employed on
the Lavi project would lose their
jobs, he said.
Zackheim had argued that, on
the contrary, modification of
American-built planes would en-
sure steady employment for
Israelis in high technology
Another view of the Lavi was
expressed by Air Force Com-
mander Maj. Gen. Amos Lapidot.
He said after the plane's second
test flight last week that he liked
it, but the Air Force could live
without it if necessary.
During a recent visit to Israel, Sen. Edward Kennedy (D., Mass.)
met with the leadership of the General Federation of Labor, the
Histadrut, including Masha Lubelsky, secretary general of
Na'amat Israel, to discuss the impact of Israel's proposed
economic program. Lubelsky pointed out that the proposals would
be detrimental to working women, in effect reducing their net
salaries by nine percent and discouraging them from continuing
to work.
and sacred privileges?
Many thousands of others not
born to Judaism are married to
Jews affiliated with Reform
temples. Although they may not
convert formally to Judaism, they
rear their children as Jews,
observe Jewish holidays at home,
and sometimes become active in
their temples. These "de facto
Jews" have become numerous in
some temples, especially in
smaller Jewish communities The
CCAR's 1983 resolution on
patrilineal descent legitimized the
Jewishness of the children of such
intermarriages in which the
mother is not Jewish, provided
that the children are raised as
the refusal by rabbis to officiate at
interfaith weddings and Reform
Judaism's program of Outreach to
non-Jews is widely misunderstood
as a rejection of couples who in-
tend to intermarry and an accep-
tance of those who have already
done so. But Rabbi Schindler does
not find the two strategies in-
congruous. "Outreach is predicted
on the asssumption that we can
oppose intermarriage without re-
jecting the intermarried," he
"The rabbi who does not choose
to officiate should spend extra
energy striving to convince the
couple that there is no rejection
involved. I invariably spend far
more time counseling the couple
to whom I have to say 'no' than
with the couple whom I will
marry. If possible, I attend their
wedding to demonstrate sym-
bolically my embracing them,
even though I could not myself
Lydia Kukoff of Los Angeles,
director of Reform Judaism's
Outreach Commission, sees no
contradiction between refusing to
officiate at interfaith marriages
and programs of Outreach to the
intermarried. Combining these
contrary strategies, she says,
reflects the distinction in Jewish
law between I'chatchila (at the
outset) and b'diavad (once it has
happened). Each of these cir-
cumstances, she notes, tradi-
tionally calls for a different
Rabbi Leslie Gutterman of Pro-
vidence works with interfaith
couples to "help them articulate
their own commitments and
enable them to write their own
service to be officiated at by a
judge. These couples usually come
away feeling that I have helped to
facilitate a meaningful beginning
to their married life. They know I
wish them God's blessings and
that what we have done is honest
and written with an integrity that
the couple can convey to family
and friends, whose support and
encouragement will be important
in nurturing their marriage."
day affects most American Jewish
families, brings into conflict two
fundamental values full in-
tegration into American society
and the preservation of Jewish
distincti veness. Nothing
dramatizes this conflict more
sharply than the interfaith wed-
ding. In order to bring more
knowledge to bear on this complex
topic, the newly-formed Research
Task Force for the Future of
Reform Judaism has begun a five-
year investigation into every facet
of Jewish intermarriage, in-
cluding conversion, unaffiliated
mixed marriages, and rabbinic of-
ficiation at interfaith weddings.
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212-594-0836 800-221-2791

Cabinet Okays
Friday, January 23, 1987/The Jewish Floridian of South County Page 11
New Program To Stimulate Growth
I The Cabinet has approved a
new economic program
which its proponents say
will stimulate economic
growth and exports, curb in-
ation and assure economic
I stability without causing
hardship to wage-earners or
(increasing unemployment.
The main features of the plan,
[agreed to after an exhausting all-
night session and intensive con-
sultations with labor and manage-
ment, are a 10 percent devalua-
tion of the Shekel; a 400 million
Shekel reduction in the national
budget; some minor tax reforms;
|and a new levy on education.
ALTHOUGH the prices of some
I subsidized goods and services will
Igo up as a result of devaluation,
Ithey are expected to be neutraliz-
|ed by wage-price constraints
to by Histadrut and the
lanufacturers Association. A
proposed 30 percent hike in
transportation fares was dropped.
he price of gasoline was not rais-
1. A total price freeze will be in
feet until April.
The budget itself, the subject of
ierce debate within and outside of
lie Cabinet for the past month,
emerged with the defense budget
iscathed. The modest 80 million
Shekel cut in defense expen-
iitures urged by Finance Minister
loshe Nissim with the support of
'remier Yitzhak Shamir was
^oted down by a majority of the
linisters, a singular victory for
efense Minister Yitzhak Rabin.
ie 80 million Shekels will be ex-
cised instead from the budget
A major and even more con-
aversial change of policy was
ie decision to impose an annual
iucation tax of between 100-400
Shekels per child, the amount con-
tingent on the parents' income,
tie Cabinet thereby deviated
jm the principle of free com-
pulsory education which has been
effect since the founding of the
BUT ACCORDING to govern-
ment sources, about 43 percent of
the population will be exempt.
Parents of more than three
children, residents of develop-
ment towns and families with a
monthly income of 1,000 Shekels
or less will not have to pay the tax.
The Treasury's ambitious plans
for major tax reforms, including
the elimination of loopholes and
exemptions, went by the board.
What emerged in the new
economic program was a reduc-
tion of the top income tax bracket
from 60 to 48 percent on incomes
of up to 9,000 Shekels a month.
Families earning more will pay a
surtax of 53 percent on the dif-
ference. Corporate taxes were put
in the 40 percent bracket.
Under heavy pressure from
Histadrut, the Finance Minister
was forced to abandon plans to
eliminate tax exemptions for new
development towns, working
mothers and the handicapped.
Nissim also backed away from
health care fees. Histadrut called
those proposals anti-social and
The 10 percent devaluation of
the Shekel may have the greatest
impact. Nissim gave assurances
Tuesday that it would not usher in
a new era of periodic
TEL AVIV Stock Exchange
reacted favorably. Virtually all
shares advanced in price following
the announcement. Investors
were apparently convinced that
the currency rate adjustment will
spur exports and business in
At a joint press conference with
Vice Premier and Foreign
Minister Shimon Peres, Histadrut
Secretary General Yisrael Kessar
and Dov Lautman, chairman of
the Manufacturers Association,
Nissim declared:
"Let me assure our public that
this is a one-time action ... It will
not upset our hard-won stability
. .. We have seized the oppor-
tunities to ensure that the effects
of the devaluation are neutralized
. and therefore the exchange
Hospital Administrators Strike,
Psychiatric Services Hit Hardest
lore than 10,000 service
nd administrative person-
nel at the 29 government
Jospitals throughout the
juntry began an indefinite
irike of the hospital system
londay, in what was
(escribed by Health
linistry officials as one of
he most serious crises in
ie strike-plagued govern-
ment health services.
[During the past three years the
bspitals have been struck by
hysicians and nurses.
| Hardest hit were the country's
ht state-owned geriatric and
110 psychiatric hospitals, which
luld not function Sunday night,
fd the 11 general hospitals,
ny patients were sent home.
[inor Earthquake
r earthquake, 6.0 on the
iter scale, was recorded in
thern Israel Thursday (Jan.
There were no casualties, or
age. An earthqui^v that
Bured 5.1 on the Rkhter i
recorded in Cyprus
charge of the Health Ministry's
hospital department, said that
while food and some laundry ser-
vices could be contracted for from
outside sources, the operation of
the hospitals' electricity, provi-
sion of oxygen, sterile laundry
services and janitoring services
including sanitation, cleaning and
garbage collections, could only be
provided by in-house hospital
The admission and discharge of
patients were also hampered by
the absence of clerical staff.
Operations were kept to the
minimum Monday.
The hospital staffs are deman-
ding improvements in their pay
and conditions which they say
have been promised them
repeatedly in recent years but not
carried out to bring the level of
their salaries up to that of similar
personnel employed in the
hospitals of the Histadrut's Kupat
Holim (sick fund).
THE STRIKING workers have
threatened to step up their job ac-
tions beginning Tuesday
without divulging what their next
steps would be.
Meantime, their spokesmen
denied statements by Health
Ministry spokesmen that patients'
lives were being endangered.
They stressed that they had
emergency staffs standing by in
all hospitals to deal with unfore-
seen conditions.
rate will stand for a long time to
The official rate now stands at
1.64 Shekels to the Dollar and
1.68 Shekels to a "basket" of
By "neutralization," Nissim
was referring to the government's
decision to waive 2.7 percent of
employers' payments to National
Insurance and Histadrut's agree-
ment to waive 2.7 percent of cost-
of-living increments occasioned by
devaluation. But Kessar warned
that if inflation rose despite these
efforts, Histadrut would demand
that the full COL increment be
tained that the new economic plan
"created the conditions for a con-
tinuation of the stability in the
economy and renewal of growth."
Its purpose, they said, was to
avoid unemployment and not
widen the social gap. They con-
tended that industry and exports
would benefit.
The entire plan is subject to ap-
proval by the Knesset where it is
expected to encounter some stiff
opposition. Three motions of non-
confidence were introduced by
Mapam, the Hadash (Communist)
Party and the Progressive List.
Yair Tsaban of Mapam attacked
the tax reform measures. He said
they would cost the government
upwards of 1 billion Shekels in lost
revenues. But President Chaim
Herzog has called on the nation to
"continue giving unified support"
to the efforts for economic

Jeremy Frankel, general manager of the Jerusalem Hilton (left),
and Peter van der Vliet, general manager of the Tel Aviv Hilton,
plant a tree to celebrate the unveiling of a plaque for the Jewish
National Fund's Hilton Forest in the Ramot neighborhood of
Calif. Won't Pay Settlement
Of Libel Suit for Senator
SACRAMENTO, Calif. (JTA) The State Senate
will not pav the $20,000 out-of-court settlement of a libel
suit on behalf of former state Sen. John Schmitz, who
described attorney Gloria AUred as a "slick butch
lawyeress" and an audience she addressed as containing
"hard, Jewish and (arguably) female faces.
ALLRED, OF LOS ANGELES, brought the suit
against Schmitz in 1982. Schmitz eventually agreed to
publicly apologize to Allred and provide $20,000. He hoped
the state Senate would pay the sum, as it did for his at-
torney's fees. But the senate Rules Committee voted Dec.
30 not to pay the settlement.
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Page 12 The Jewish Floridian of South County/Friday, January 23, 1987
Miracles Explained
Orthodox Scientists Still Struggling
Continued from Page 5-A
IN "God and the New Physics,"
Paul Da vies wrote that "the rules
of clockwork might apply to
familiar objects such as snooker
balls, but when it comes to atoms,
the rules are those of roulette."
Despite the wide currency that
quantum mechanics has in the
scientific community, a minority
has always disputed the theory.
Einstein, one of its chief critics,
said, "I shall never believe that
God plays dice with the world."
Avram Goldfinger, an Orthodox
Jewish physicist in Baltimore,
suggested that quantum
mechanic's assumption of the ran-
domness of the universe "only in-
dicates our inability to predict the
universe. It stresses our limita-
tions, not God's."
Goldfinger, who works in com-
puter science at the Johns
Hopkins University Applied
Physics Laboratory, said quantum
mechanics cannot "fully explain"
the universe because it is "an in-
complete system. According to
the standard interpretation of
quantum mechanics, the
'Copenhagen School of Thought,'
there is a 'classical observer' a
person or an intelligence that
observes the physical system. This
observer is not subject to the laws
of quantum mechanics."
"THE THEORY implies," said
Goldfinger, "that there are beings
who are different from the rest of
the physical world. They cannot
be described by the laws of
physics. They are different from
the rest of the world because they
have intelligence or a soul."
"The more I learn about the
structure of the universe," said
Goldfinger, "the more I see the
presence of a Creator. Everything
proceeds from simple systems and
simple concepts. In molecular
biology, for instance, RNA and
DNA's control of the pattern of all
life indicates that simple prin-
ciples yield unbelievable complexi-
ty and richness."
"And in physics, a few basic
laws try to explain the entire
structure of the universe. These
seem to be getting fewer and
fewer. For a long time, it seemed
that the universe could be reduced
to four forces the gravitational
force, the electromagnetic force
and, at the subatomic level, the
'strong' force and the 'weak'
force. (The former holds together
an atom's nuclei; the latter causes
certain types of decay.) But
recently, it has begun to appear
that tite electromagnetic and
'weak' forces are both examples
of a particular underlying force
Avram Goldfinger
that is sometimes called the
'electro-weak force.' "
"TO ME." said Goldfinger, "all
the great advances of science find
simpler and simpler explanations
of the universe. This fits in with
the Jewish concept of how the
world is constituted. When we
say, 'God is one,' we are making a
statement of immense simplicty,
one that is much too simple for us
to understand."
This sense that there is an
underlying order to the universe
may also contradict the Darwinian
view that the long train of evolu-
tionary adaptation was accidental.
But no conflict was perceived by
Avram Nelkin, an Orthodox
molecular biologist at the Johns
Hopkins Oncology Center and a
believer in the bible's literal ac-
count of creation.
"The mechanism of evolution
exists," said Nelkin. "From the
time of Creation on, organisms
have changed due to selective ad-
vantage. This may be shown in
test tubes with bacteria. Or it can
be shown with cancer cells:
Cancer develops becuase it has an
advantage over other, less healthy
NELKIN ALSO dismissed the
Darwinian idea that homo sapiens
descended from apes. "Phylogen
(lines of descent) indicates that
the genes of apes and man are
close," he said. "Whether we
evolved from apes doesn't even
enter into the debate."
Other aspects of classical Dar-
winian theory are also disputed by
Nelkin and other Orthodox scien-
tists. As Darwin and his followers
extrapolated backwards over
time, say the dissenters, they
assumed that contemporary laws
of nature were constant.
But Paul Dirac, a Russian
Jewish physicist who taught at
Cambridge University, believed
that the laws of physics and,
especially, the force of gravity
change over millenia. "If Dirac is
correct," said physicist Avram
Goldfinger, "then all bets are off.
If the laws of nature change, then
we can not extrapolate past
aura of scientific orthodoxy for
the layman. Frequently forgotten
is science's inability to take evolu-
tion beyond the status of a theory,
to move it beyond hunches and
guesses that will forever be only
partially supported by evidence.
"Evolution can be neither pro-
ven or disproven," said Simeon
Sticky Point
Can Science, Religion Be Reconciled?
Presumably, miracles are a sticky point for
scientists. Miracles defy the very physical
laws that give the universe a certain logic, a
reassuring law and order upon which the
scientist relies.
Medieval Jewish philosophers, who believed
in a rational explanation of the universe,
devised elaborate natural reasons for
miracles. The Red Sea divided because an
east wind arose, the tides were right and
the fleeing Jews' timing was impeccable. The
burning bush was only a play of the desert
light upon certain crystals on the bush's
leaves. The sun did not stand still during the
Battle of Gibeon. It just seemed that way
because the battle was over so quickly.
Orthodox scientists of today are still strug-
gling with miracles. To some, such as
physicist Avram Goldfinger and geneticist
Avram Nelkin miracles do not conflict with
science because they are outside the laws of
nature. By abrogating the natural principles
postulated by science, miracles are also
beyond them.
To biochemist Eli Schmell, "miracles occur
via the laws of nature. God plays by the rules
that he has set up. It would be very unsettling
if we have a God who keeps changing the
And according to gastroenterologist Julian
Jakobovits, "Certain laws were laid down in
God's blueprint at the time of Creation. These
included miracles that would not occur for
millenia. At the time that each occurred,
there was probably a scientific explanation
for them. But more important was the moral
lesson that we can learn from each."
Krumbein, a physical chemist in
Baltimore. "Orthodox biologists I
know admit that they use the
language of evolution in their pro-
fessional life. But they use it as a
model. Many people, unfortunate-
ly, end up mistaking their model
for reality."
Whether the Bible's account of
Creation meshes with the scien-
tific account is moot to most Con-
servative and Reform scientists.
To them, Genesis' purpose is more
existential than historical.
"IT OFFERS a philosophical
answer to a question that troubled
Israelites at a particular phase,"
said Baltimore Hebrew College
archeologist Barry Gitlin, a Con-
servative Jew. "The question was,
'What am I doing here?' The
answer of the sages in Genesis
was that man was the steward of
God's creation, that the universe
was an orderly place and that man
has an orderly place in it."
"I see the Bible as a record of
the aspirations, traditions and no-
tions of our ancestors during their
very early history," said Gitlin.
"It is a subjective record of God's
great actions on behalf of the
Jews as they saw them
together with the laws that bound
Jewish society. At the heart of it
all is the promise of the Jews to
act in a certain way toward
humanity and toward God."
Perhaps the most glaring con-
tradiction between strict Or-
thodox scientists and much of
science is the time required for the
laborious process of creation.
About 500 million years are said
to have elapsed between the
Paleozoic Era and the present.
preceded the Paleozoic time has
been calculated at between 1.5
billion to 2.5 billion years. In the
"big bang" theory of the universe,
100,000 years were required for
the cosmic gases from the birth of
the universe to cool just to the
type of temperatures now found
on the sun's surface. These ideas
are clearly rejected by strict Or-
thodox Jews who believe that God
created the world in seven days
5,746 years ago.
Some Orthodox counter that the
date of the Creation is an oblique
reference to the origins of civiliza-
tion. Some use Kabbalistic inter-
pretations to suggest that
previous worlds existed before the
one whose creation is cited in the
Bible. Others, such as Julian
Jakobovits and Avram Nelkin, say
that Creation did occur about
5,700 years ago, but God made his
works appear to be much older.
This divine deception, said
Jakobovits, was intended to in-
sure that man had free will.
"IF I COULD convince you in a
scientific way," he said, "that God
had created the world, there
would be no choice. In His
wisdom, He covered his tracks. If
He had created the world in a pro-
vable way, we would all have no
choice but to be angels. And that
would eliminate free will."
Jakobovits admitted that the
Book of Genesis is "internally in-
consistent." "Light," for in-
stance, is mentioned on the First
and Second Days of Creation, yet
the sun, presumably the source of
this light, is not created until the
Third Day. Also, three days elapse
until the creation of the sun, the
celestial body which "makes"
"To some extent, Genesis is a
metaphor," said Jakobovits. "It is
not an accurate, historical descrip-
tion of these events. But what has
gone wrong is that people believe
that science is historically ac-
curate and that the Bible claims to
be literal and accurate. Science is
only a body of knowledge as
perceived by available technology.
It examines evidence and makes
certain suppositions."
"Religion, on the other hand,
does not pretend to be a body of
fact," said Jakobovits. "It directs
people to where they should be. It
gives us a certain goal a moral
goal. It sensitizes us above mere
physical occurrences.
recognize that there is a physical
reason for a rainbow, but we also
look for a more spiritual reason
for its existence. Likewise, I am
bothered by those who say that
the laws of kashruth are for
reasons of health or by those who
observe shabbat because they
need to be regenerated. This type
of thinking is too limiting, too
"The tools of scientific in-
vestigation are limited," agreed
Hebert Goldstein, professor of
nuclear science and engineering
at Columbia University. "Only
certain logical, empirical methods
are allowed. This excludes a whole
realm of other possibilities."
Continued on Page 15-
Molecular biologist
Avram Nelkin

Friday, January 23. 1987/The Jewish Floridian of South County Page 13
Drilling for Oil Begins,
. Hopes High for Negev Results
Dr. Samuel I. Cohen, executive vice president
of the Jewish National Fund (second from
right), presents Brandon Tartikoff president
of NBC Entertainment (second from left), with
the Tree of Life Award at a recent dinner in
the latter's honor in Universal City, Calif.
Also present, from JNF's San Fernando
Valley region, are Ernest Goodman, presi-
dent, and Marcia Rosenthal, director (right).
NBC Solon Honored
Receives JNF Tree of Life Award
Some 900 top executives and stars
of the television and motion pic-
ture industries attended a recent
Jewish National Fund black-tie
dinner honoring Brandon Tar-
tikoff, president of NBC Enter-
tainment, at the Sheraton-
Premiere in Universal City.
NBC stars paying tribute to
Tartikoff included Johnny Carson,
Ed McMahon, Michael J. Fox, Ted
Danson, Kim Fields, Charlotte
Rae, Cloris Leachman, Betty
White, Jack Klugman, George
Peppard, Dan Travanti and Soleil
Moon Frye. The honoree is the
man credited with organizing
NBC's first winning prime-time
schedule in 30 years.
TARTIKOFF, appointed at age
31 as the youngest division presi-
dent in NBC history, was praised
for his accomplishments by Grant
Tinker, former chairman and
chief executive officer of NBC; B.
Donald Grant, president of CBS
Entertainment; Fred Silverman,
former president of NBC;
Lawrence Lytlle, senior vice
president for creative affairs,
Warner Brothers; and performers
Michael Landon, Jay Leno and
Nell Carter.
Eytan Bentsur, Israel's Consul
General in Los Angeles, and Dr.
Samuel I. Cohen, JNF executive
vice president, presented Tar-
tikoff with JNF's Tree of Life
Award for outstanding profes-
sional and humanitarian
Proceeds will go toward the
establishment of the Brandon Tar-
tikoff Forest and Recreation Area
in the American Independence
Park near Jerusalem. Referring
to the project, Ernest B. Good-
man, of MCA Inc., and president
of JNF's San Fernando Valley
region, stated "It is appropriate
that a man who has demonstrated
such a high commitment to profes-
sional excellence will now be
associated with improving the
quality of life in Israel."
'Execution' Revealed
Shiites List Another Jewish Hostage
NEW YORK Isramco,
an American company with
oil and gas interests in
Israel, reported last week
that drilling activities have
begun on the Agur test well
in Israel's Negev Desert.
The well is targeted for the
14,500-foot depth at a cost of
ssome $4 million. Some $10
million has been allocated for an
initial series of wells to be drilled
in Israel.
Isramco's partners in the activi-
ty, known as the Negev Joint Ven-
ture, include Dr. Armand Ham-
mer and other U.S. individual in-
vestors and a number of Israeli
companies. Isramco owns an eight
percent interest in the joint
ding, Dr. Joseph Elmaleh, chair-
man, said, "The Agur site was the
first chosen for drilling as a result
of geophysical and geological
studies which indicate the
presence of previously unknown
deep geological traps in the
Negev, running parallel to the
Mediterranean between the
Mediterranean Sea and the Dead
"These deep traps could contain
reservoirs of hydrocarbons in the
upper and lower Triassic, the
Jurassic and the upper and lower
Cretaceous formations, which are
historically oil and gas producing.
The traps are believed to have
prevented the migration and
subsequent dissipation of
hydrocarbons from the source
The joint venture group's
studies, part of an ongoing ex-
ploration program in the Negev
and offshore in the Mediterra-
nean, included 2,500 kilometers of
seismic lines and has cost more
than $8 million, thus far, Dr.
Elmaleh said.
"THE AGUR structure, which
is thought to contain gas, is very
large, approximately 7,500 acres
in area. Based on that size, and
also the thickness, porosity and
permeability of hydrocarbon bear-
ing reservoir rock, the Agur struc-
ture could have reserves equalling
400 million barrels of oil," he said.
Isramco, Inc. and its partners
have the rights to explore
2,000,000 acres in the Negev
Desert which comprises 40 per-
cent of Israel's uncontested land
The joint venture also has a
1,000,000 acre permit in the
Mediterranean Sea off of the
Israeli coast. Nearby in Egyptian
waters an oil well, the Mango I,
was recently discovered, which
was tested at approximately
15,000 barrels a day from the up-
per and lower Cretaceous
Wolf, 96
Passes Away
In Ontario
Wolf, a prominent merchant and
civic leader who successfully
challenged racial covenants in
Canada, has died in London, On-
tario at the age of 96. He had been
the first president of the Jewish
Community Council in London
and a member of the national
board of the Canadian Friends of
the Hebrew University.
Born Pinchas Baer in the
Ukraine, he came to Canada with
his parents early in the century
and built up a prosperous retail
business. He came to national pro-
minence in 1948 when he brought
legal action against an anti-Jewish
racial covenant on property he
wanted to buy in the resort area of
Grand Bend, Ontario.
When the covenant was upheld
by a lower court, Wolf appealed to
the Canadian Supreme Court
whieh voided the covenant in ^*Wfc;
entered Canadian law as the'No-
ble and Wolf vs. Beach O'Pines
case. The court barred clauses in
land or property deeds which
state that the property may not be
sold or rented or in any way used
by persons of a given race or
Although not religious, Wolf
was active in many Jewish causes.
He was a strong supporter of
Jewish culture and of the
Workmen's Circle when it had a
branch in London.
Shiite terrorist group in
Lebanon announced last
week that it "executed"
another Jewish hostage,
Yehouda Benesti, 70. He is
believed to be the ninth
Lebanese Jew murdered by
the group which calls itself
'The Organization of the
Oppressed (Mustadafin) in
the World."
He is also believed to be the
father of two other murdered
Jewish hostages; Ibrahim Benesti,
34, who was killed on February
15,1986, and Youssuf Benesti, 33,
murdered on Dec. 30.
THE EXACT identity and rela-
tionship of the victims is not en-
tirely clear because there is no
organized Jewish community in
Beirut. Jewish organizations here
have only sketchy documentation
on missing Jews believed taken
The Mustadafin said it executed
its latest victim because of his ac-
tivities "on behalf of Israeli in-
telligence." It released a
photograph of an elderly bald-
headed man with a well-trimmed
white beard.
According to the group's an-
nouncements, 10 Lebanese Jews
were taken prisoner during the
ast 20 months and nine have been
killed. Only three bodies have
recovered, however. Those
were identified as Haim Cohen,
38, kidnapped on March 30, 1985
and murdered on December 24,
1985; Isaac Tarrab, 70, murdered
in late December 1985; and
Ibrahim Benesti.
The French Jewish community
has appealed to the French
government and to President
Amin Gemayel of Lebanon to try
to secure the release of Jewish
hostages still alive and the return
of the bodies of those put to death.
NEITHER the French Govern-
ment nor Gemayel seems to have
influence with the Shiite ex-
tremists in Lebanon. Terry Waite,
the Englishman representing the
Archbishop of Canterbury in try-
ing to secure the release of
hostages in Lebanon, has in-
tervened on behalf of the Jewish
victims, so far without success.
He told a press conference in
Beirut Monday night that he was
also trying to act on behalf of
Israeli prisoners of war in the
hands of various groups in
Lebanon but could do nothing
unless Israel "stops bombing
(south Lebanon) and opens the
way to a peaceful solution" in that
Shiites claiming to speak for the
Mustadafin were quoted as saying
they would return the bodies of
the slain Lebanese Jews only if
Israel releases Lebanese and
Palestinian prisoners in custody of
the Israel-backed South Lebanon
Army (SLA).
Four students representing Yeshiva Universi-
ty took first place in the Greater New York
regional programming competition of the
Association for Computing Machinery. The
students, who competed with representatives
from 12 colleges and universities, earned the
right to participate in ACM's International
Programming Competition next month in St.
Louis. Representing Yeshiva University were
(from left, clockwise) Andrew hinder, Yosef
Gold, Zvi Sebrow, and Eric Safern. The
students, who are seniors at Yeshiva College,
solved three computer problems in only six

Page 14 The Jewish Floridian of South County/Friday, January 23, 1987
Convert Quits
Controversy Sends Her Back To Colorado
Shoshana Miller, the con-
vert to Judaism from the
U.S. whose right to status
as a Jew was upheld by the
Supreme Court although
she was converted by a
Reform rabbi, appears to
have temporarily defused
the fierce controversy
aroused by her case.
The Jerusalem Post reports that
Miller, who returned to the U.S.
to care for her ailing father, has
elected to remain there and not
claim the Israeli citizenship the
high court said she is entitled to.
HOWEVER, the rabbi who con-
verted her and whose Reform con-
gregation employed her as a can-
tor, Rabbi David Kline of Temple
Shalom, Colorado Springs, Colo.,
said last Wednesday (Jan. 14) that
Miller "hasn't announced her final
decision" about remaining in the
United States.
He said she is one of "three of
four candidates" for her old job,
and that the synagogue would
decide on a cantor by the end of
the month. Kline added, "There
are plenty of people in the temple
who would love to have her for a
Rabbi Yitzhak Peretz, of the
ultra-Orthodox Shas Party,
resigned as Interior Minister
three weeks ago rather than com-
ply with the Supreme Court's
order to issue Miller an identifica-
tion card as a Jew, without the
description "converted" or any
other qualification.
Murphy Sure
Peace Can
Be Reached
Continued from Page 1
Palestinians. Both countries
recognize the Palestine Liberation
Organization as spokesman for
the Palestinians.
Israel refuses to negotiate with
the PLO. It insists that any inter-
national forum must be a
framework for direct negotia-
tions, not a substitute for them,
and it is determined to prevent
the reentry of the Soviet Union in-
to Middle Eastern affairs.
THE U.S. APPEARS to favor
the Israeli position. Murphy, who
is Assistant Secretary for Near
Eastern and South Asian Affairs,
will meet Shamir again when the
latter comes to Washington next
month for meetings with Presi-
dent Reagan and top Administra-
tion officials. During his visits to
Israel, Murphy met with Vice
Premier and Foreign Minister
Shimon Peres and Defense
Minister Yitzhak Rabin.
Israeli sources believe Murphy
will return to the region after the
Islamic Conference in Kuwait
later this month. They believe
much depends on whether the con-
ference will give Egypt and Jor-
dan a freer hand to act. President
Hosni Mubarak of Egypt is due to
visit Washington a week after
Shamir's visit.
Israeli sources also maintain
that a major purpose of Murphy's
current Mideast tour was to allay
Arab fears over the Reagan Ad-
ministration's covert shipment of
arms to Iran and to restore
Washington's credibility in the
Arab world.
If that is the case, his success
was only partial, the sources said.
They noted that King Hussein of
Jordan, presently on an official
visit to France, said in Paris that
because of the Iran affair,
American credibility has sunk to
"nearly zero."
Deputy Minister Ronnie Milo of
Likud, whom Premier Yitzhak
Shamir put in direct charge of the
Interior Ministry until a new
Minister is appointed, has an-
nounced that he was prepared to
issue the ID card to Miller as soon
as she applied for it. But her ap-
plication must be made in Israel,
not from abroad, Milo said.
His statement further enraged
the Orthodox religious establish-
ment, particularly because Milo
acknowledged to the Knesset that
the Supreme Court's decision
established a precedent which will
have to be honored by the Interior
Ministry in the future. The Or-
thodox parties are reported
seriously considering leaving the
Labor-Likud unity coalition
government over this issue.
THE UNION for Progressive
Judaism, as the Reform move-
ment is known in Israel, says it
has 15 converted olim waiting to
apply for ID cards in the wake of
the Miller decision. But it is ap-
parently undecided whether to in-
itiate another test case at this
The Jerusalem Post, in an inter-
view with Rabbi Kline, reported
him as saying that Miller was be-
ing interviewed for the job of can-
tor in his temple. But he did not
say unequivocally that she had
decided not to return to Israel. He
said that she "had a miserable ex-
perience in Israel" and now wants
time "out of the limelight" while
she considers her future.
The rabbi added, "Her aliya just
didn't work out ... I'm not
ashamed of her having come back.
After all, the great majority of
American olim end up leaving
Savenor Elected
SAN JOSE, Calif. (JTA) -
Charles Savenor of Needham,
Mass., has been elected president
of United Synagouge Youth.
Synagogue cAfeu/s
Black And Jewish
Congregations Observe Martin
Lather King Day
Members of the black and
Jewish communities of Boca
Raton will come together on Sun-
day morning, Jan. 18, for a joint
worship service in honor of the
birthday of Dr. Martin Luther
King. Members of Congregation
B'nai Israel will participate in the
service at the Ebenezer Mis-
sionary Baptist Church.
This celebration, which has
become an annual one, was in-
itiated by Rabbi Richard Agler
and Reverend Anthony Holliday
in 1985. Since then, the two con-
gregations have engaged in a
number of programs intended to
foster improved race relations in
the local community. According to
Rabbi Agler, "This year it is
especially important for us to con-
tinue with our work. Recent in-
cidents in New York City, Tampa,
New Orleans and Arizona are
challenges reminding us of how
much is yet to be accomplished in
the field of race relations."
Reverend Holliday also looks for-
ward to the gathering. "We are
looking forward to continuing
dialogue and friendship."
The service to which all
members of the community who
come in peace are invited, begins
at 11 a.m.
Temple Anthei Shalom of
West Delray announces the
following series of programs at
the Temple Auditorium:
Sunday. Feb. 8, 8 p.m. Avec
Mit Der Luft Gone With The Wind
Spoof). Sam Amato's famed Kings
Point Little Show Players, in a
hilarious musical variety show
with songs and skits. Donation is
Wednesday, Feb. 15, 2 p.m.
FREE Book Review. Richard
Terry, renowned Humorist,
presents his own brand of humor
in interpreting the study of
Jewish Customs as presented n
the "Book of Why" by well known
author, Rabbi Alfred J. Kolatch.
This is one of two "WHY" books
answering most of the questions
as to why we do things as Jews.
Royal Palm Savings Bank is spon-
soring the Book Review and Eva
Roth will make the introductory
Saturday, Feb. 28, 8 p.m.
Mischa, Connie and Eddie, Music,
Songs and Comedy, featuring,
Mischa, former lead in the
American Balalaika Company,
master musician and Accordionist
extraordinaire; versatile Connie
Melodie, who sings show tunes,
comedy, popular and and opera;
and Eddie Barton, famed
songster, humorist, and story
teller, who as one of the Barton
Brothers, starred in Theatres
throughout the United States and
Canada. For three years, in Miami
Beach, he was the Star of the com-
edy revue, "The East Side
Story." Donation is $5.
Saturday, March 28, 8 p.m.
Dinner-Dance, honoring Temple
President Emeritus, Ed Dorfman,
who was President of the Temple
for five consecutive one-year
terms, from the time the Temple
was founded, through the comple-
tion of the current $1,500,000
House of Worship. The Music is by
renowned pianist, Elliot Weiner
and his Big Band Sound Or-
chestra, with accompanying
Entertainment. Donation is $36
per person. For advance reserva-
tions, contact Temple office. Ads
for the Testimonial Journal in
Dorfman's Honor can also be plac-
ed at the Temple office.
Sunday, April 26, 8 p.m. Wing-
ed Victory Singers, ranging from
Broadway favorites to Interna-
tiona] songs. Under the direction
of ever popular, Joe Barris, and
featuring, Norman Brody, this is a
group of seven fabulous enter-
tainers. Donation is $5.
The Temple office is open Mon-
day through Thursday, 10 a.m. to
1 p.m., phone 495-1300.
Temple Anshei Shalom of West
Delray is situated on West Atlan-
tic Ave., one mile east of Florida
Turnpike, Delray Beach Exit 32.
Temple Emeth of Delray
Beach, will dedicate its Friday
evening service on Jan. 23 at 8
p.m. to the South County Federa-
tion. Marianne Bobick, a past
President of the Federation will
address the congregation. At the
Saturday morning service on Jan.
24, Rabbi Elliot J. Winograd's ser-
mon will be on the subject "Ex-
istence of Jews in Egypt Then and
Now." Cantor Zvi Adler will
chant the liturgy.
Temple Sinai, 2475 W. Atlantic
Ave., Delray Beach, is having the
dedication of their Milton and Ber-
nice Weisenberg Meditation
Garden on Wednesday, Jan. 28 at
3 p.m. The impressive ceremony
will include local and national
celebrities who will participate in
also memorializing the Astronauts
on the anniversary of the
Challenger's tragic mishap last
year. Beautiful trees with ap-
propriate markers have been
planted for each astronaut.
Friday, Jan. 23 at 8:15 p.m. ser-
vices will be held and Rabbi
Samuel Silver's sermon will be
"Away They Went." Cantor
Elaine Shapiro will be in
Saturday, Jan. 24 the Pirke
Avot study group will meet at 9
a.m., followed by Saturday ser-
vices at 10 a.m.
For information regarding
membership, please call Temple
office 272-6161.
Theodore Bikel, star per-
former/social activist will lecture
at Temple Sinai of Delray Beach
Saturday, Feb. 14 at 8 p.m. His
topic will be "Jewish Music; A
Borrowed Garment Made Our
Own." Ticket donations are $7.50
and $25 patron, which includes
post champagne reception with
Bikel. All seats are reserved. Call
Temple office for information
276-6161. All Feb. 1 tickets will be
honored on Feb. IU-
Temple Sinai of Delray Beach,
will run an Art Auction on Satur-
day, Feb. 7 at 8 p.m. Donation is
$2.50 per person and
refreshments will be served, also
door prizes.
The Brotherhood of Temple
Sinai of Delray Beach announces
the following musical revues: the
On Saturday, Jan. 24, Evan
Mark Schwartzfarb, son of Susan
and Dr. David Schwartzfarb, will
be called to the Torah of Temple
Beth El of Boca Raton as a Bar
Mitzvah. Evan is a seventh grade
student at Boca Raton Middle
School and attends the Temple
Beth El Religious School. Family
members sharing in the Simcha
are his brothers, Todd and Mark,
his sister, Elissa and grand-
parents Marion and Milton Hoff-
man and Florence Schwartzfarb,
all of Lake Worth. Dr. and Mrs.
Schwartzfarb will host a Kiddush
in Evan's honor following Shab-
bat morning services.
music and dancing of the Mora
Arriga Family on Feb. 15; and
Light In Heart, illusions combined
with music on March 29. All per-
formances will be on Sunday even-
ings at 8 p.m. and all seats are
reserved. Tickets are $5 per show.
For information call 276-6161.
ACBL Sanctioned Duplicate
Bridge, Temple Sinai, 2475 W.
Atlantic Ave., Delray Beach, on
Thursday evenings at 7:30 p.m.
Admission is $2 and coffee and
cake will be served. For more in-
formation call 272-6161.
Including Perpetual Care
Offer Limited To Dec. 1, 1986
Thru January 31, 1987 Only
Act now and save on these
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Cemeteries Funeral Chapels Mausoleum Pte-Need Planning

Orthodox Jews Say 'Yes9
Friday, January 23, 1987/The, Jewish Ejogdian,of South County Rflg 15
Can Science and Religion Be Brought Together?
Continued from Page 12
To indicate what is disallowed
from pure scientific inquiry,
Goldstein told an anecdote about
the 19th Century French
mathematician Pierre de LaPlace.
After writing his definitive work,
'Methods of Celestial
Mechanics," he was invited to an
audience with Napoleon. The
monarch flipped through the ar-
cane tome uncomprehendingly.
He turned to LaPlace.
"And where is God in all this?"
asked Bonaparte
"Sir," replied LaPlace. "I have
no need for that hypothesis."
IT IS THIS very hypothesis
that could conceivably color an Or-
thodox scientist's professional in-
quiries. But after an extensive
round of interviews of such scien-
tists, no such bias was unearthed.
For one thing, Orthodox scientists
seem to have avoided those fields
in which persistent conflict might
The current roster of the
Association of Orthodox Scien-
tists, for instance, lists plenty of
computer scientists and
biologists, but no one astronomer,
astrophysicist or archeologist,
areas whose implicit cosmology
could challenge Biblical
But also, as Azriel Rosenfeld, a
professor of computer science at
the University of Maryland, said,
"It is perfectly possible to be in a
field and not give it much thought.
You can be a chemist and not care
about how the world came about
You ran design computer circuits
all day long and not think about
how wonderful the universe is."
"HOW MANY people in any
walk of life really think about
what they do and have conflicts?"
asked Michael Edidin. a Johns
Hopkins biology professor.
When Jeremiah and Socrates
brought these issues to the fore,
the mob got very, very unruly."
Those scientists who do ex-
perience conflicts may be suffer-
ing from a misunderstanding of
the purpose of science and
religion. As Azriel Rosenfeld said,
Snence is utilitarian and religion
is idealistic. They operate on dif-
ferent levels of intellectual
And yet, it is to science that
society usually looks when it
wants "answers" and "proof."
Perhaps that has something to do
with the American insistence of
strict separation of government
and religion, maybe on the
assumption that "proof comes
out of a test tube and not from
oracles and prophets.
Several centuries ago, the com-
ments of a clergyman probably
would have been sought on the
value of the space program if
there had been one in those less
"enlightened" times. But now
that we know that God is not "in"
His heaven, it is to the men in
white lab jackets that we turn.
"IF YOU want the 'truth' in our
society, you quote a scientist,"
said Julian Jakobovits, "but scien-
tists don't always deal with facts.
Hypothesis educated
guesswork is a staple of the
scientific method."
"Neither religion nor science
have an edge on truth," said Eli
Schmell, a biochemist with the Of-
fice of Naval Research
Laboratories in Arlington,
Virginia. "Both camps can be
rather pretentious about their
truthfulness. In both, you can see
the same type of dogmatic
Ironically, some aspects of
science that alleged bastion of
logic and empiricism require as
much faith as religion. Faith for
Eli Schmell, for instance, is re-
quired to accept the conventional
- and the patently contradictory
wisdom in modern science that
light is both a wave and a particle.
"This duality is no more difficult
than the God concept," he said.
"We speak of God as being in-
finite. I have the same problem
understanding infinity as I do
understanding nature."
required to accept some of the
basic premises of science,"
acknowledged Herbert Goldstein
of Columbia University. "We have
faith that the 'laws of nature' will
not be one thing one day and dif-
ferent another day. I interpret the
Torah passage about God renew-
ing his wonders every day as His
assurance that these laws will not
arbitrarily change."
"In a sense," said Baltimore
^physical chemist Simeon Krum-
*bein, "religious belief is now
easier because modern science
makes a clear distinction between
the physical and the spiritual. We
know, for instance, that if you go
to another planet, you do not find
a physical God. Even a concept as
esoteric as the resurrection of the
dead is easier to believe in our
scientifically oriented world
because we know that God works
on a spiritual plane and we work
on a physical plane. This may not
have been clear to scientists of
centuries ago who confused the
physical with the spiritual."
This may also not be clear to the
lay public of today that occasional
ly confuses scientific theory with
hard fact and religion with
antedeluvian explanations for
what may be, according to quan-
tum mechanics, an intrinsically
unexplainable universe.
BUT THAT does not mean the
search should cease, that it should
yield to impediments of cant or
dogma. In a sense, the inquiries of
science and religion may be more
important than their ultimate
answers if, indeed, there are
any. For as long as humans in-
quire into the ways of the
universe, complacency and indif-
ference are in abeyance and
challenge and, perhaps, even con
tradiction are in the offing.
Science, said Baltimore Hebrew
College archeologist Barry Gitlin,
is "the quest for the truth. It
moves us toward an understan-
ding of who we are and what we
The same could be said of
Albert Einstein once said,
"Religion without science is blind.
Science without religion is lame."
Science and religion are each in
dispensable to the other: Each
tries to make sense out of what
might be a nonsensical world
By envisioning science and
religion as two brawling, squabbl-
ing dogmas, faith is pitted against
reason, God is pitted against the
cooly rational men in white lab
coats. It makes religion appear
fearful of the tide of modernity; it
makes science appear fearful of
elements that cannot be reduced
to the hieroglyphics of formulae
and hypotheses. It makes, as
Einstain said, religion blind and
science lame.
For Slain Passenger
Italians Dedicate Forest
In Klinghoffer's Memory
TEL AVIV (JTA) A forest in the memory of Leon
Klinghoffer was dedicated in Yatir near Beersheba on Sun-
day by Deputy Prime Minister Arnaldo Forlani of Italy.
The Ambassadors of Italy and the United States also
planted trees in the memorial forest in memory of Kl-
inghoffer, the 69-year-old American Jew killed during the
1985 hijacking of the Achille Lauro cruise ship. Palestinian
terrorists killed him and then threw his body overboard.
"ISRAEL AND ITALY are united in the war against
terrorism," Forlani said at the dedication ceremony. He
said it was important that Italy should be represented at
the dedication because Klinghoffer was killed on an Italian
ship. The Klinghoffer forest sponsored by the Italian
government, is part of a five-million-trees forest donated
by Italian Jews.
Dial Station (1 ? ) charges apply These charges do not apply to person-to-person, coin, hotel guest calling card, collect calls, calls charged to another number, or to time and
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Page 16 The Jewish Floridian of South County/Friday, January 23, 1987
Temple Emeth Scholar-In-Re side nee Weekend
Temple Emeth of Delray Beach
will host its Annual Scholar-in-
Residence, Rabbi Reuven
Kimelman, on the Sabbath
weekend of Feb. 6, 7 and 8. He
will conduct a Symposium on Sun-
day morning at a breakfast given
in his honor by the Brotherhod.
Chaim Packer is the Chairman of
the Committee.
Rabbi Reuven Kimelman, Chief
Program Associate of CLAL
The National Jewish Center for
Learning and Leadership
(Formerly known as the National
Jewish Resource Center), is
Associate Professor of Talmud
and Midrash at Brandeis Universi-
ty. Previously, Rabbi Kimelman
held the position of five-college
professor of Judaic studies based
at Amherst College. He has also
taught at Mt. Holyoke, The
Jewish Theological Seminary, and
Hebrew University.
Rabbi Kimelman holds a
Bachelor and Masters degrees
from the Jewish Theological
Seminary; and Masters and PhD
degrees from Yale.
Waldheim Is
Blind To
His Past
VIENNA (JTA) President
Kurt Waldheim has suggested to
his fellow Austrians that their
country has a problem with its
past which "we have tried to sup-
press in recent years" and advised
them to learn from experience. He
also warned against evading the
The President spoke at the
traditional New Year reception
for the diplomatic corps at the
Hofburg Palace. It was his first
allusion, since his election last Ju-
ly, to historical agents that con-
tinue to haunt Austria. He did not
intimate that his own personal
past was part of the problem.
Austrians, he said, "have had to
learn to live with more interna-
tional criticism than ever before.
We consider much of it unjust, but
we may have heard some ques-
tions that were justly asked. Many
things we have tried to suppress
in recent years have returned
even more intensely."
But "it is never too late to learn
from these experiences,"
Waldheim said. "We have learned
there is no collective guilt for a
people but there is such a thing as
a heavy common heritage which
no individual can evade. Only by
being ready to draw the conclu-
sions from this past do we have
the chance to master the problems
of today and tomorrow.
The reception was Waldheim's
first meeting with the U.S. Am-
bassador Ronald Lauder, who was
absent from Vienna when the
President was inaugurated.
Diplomats from all other Em-
bassies, except Israel's, were
Israel has yet to replace its Am-
bassador, Michael Elizur, who
retired several months ago.
Jerusalem has made clear it does
not want an Israeli envoy to pre-
sent credentials to an Austrian
President whose Nazi past was ex-
posed during the election cam-
paign last summer.
Actress Cited
Hadassah honored actress Shelley
Winters and the Israeli design
firms of Gideon Oberson and Got-
tex at the fashion pageant here
Jan. 13 that launched the interna-
tional celebration of Hadassah's
75th anniversary.
Rabbi Reuven Kimelman
He has published widely in jour-
nals of scholarly and popular in-
terest, from The Harvard
Theological Review to Commen-
tary. His recent articles, "Can
There Be a Jewish Terrorist?"
and "Judging Man By The Stan-
dards of God," appeared as cover
articles of the B'nai B'rith Jewish
Monthly. Reuven Kimelman fre-
quently lectures for academic con-
ferences, synagogues groups, and
national Jewish organizations. He
has served as scholar-in-residence
in many settings, including
retreats and conventions for the
UJA Young Leadership Cabinet,
the JWB Biennial and Board
Retreat, the CJF General
Rabbi Kimelman is author of
"Tzedakah and Us." He was
delegate to the World Assembly
of Young Jewish Leaders in
Sodom, and selected by Moment
magazine as one of the Jews to
watch in the 1980's.
Sharon Criticizes Unity Gov't.,
Says Leadership Is 'Paralyzed'
Sharon sharply criticized the
Labor-Likud unity coalition
government in which he serves as
Minister of Commerce and In-
dustry Sunday night and told a
rally of 2,000 members of his own
Herut Party that their leadership
was "paralyzed."
Sharon, an outspoken Likud
hardliner who advocates massive
Jewish settlement of the ad-
ministered territories, derided the
unity government on that issue.
He said this was the first year
since the 1967 Six-Day War that
no budget has been allocated to
purchase land in the territories.
Speaking at the Tel Aviv
Fairgrounds, he demanded the
sort of education that would make
Israeli youngsters proud Jews. He
decried the "slackening of convic-
tion (of Jews) over all of Eretz
Israel and the erosion of national
pride." .
"This is what leads to the
weakening of the State more than
any security or economic pro-
blem," Sharon said.
The Tel Aviv Fairgrounds was
the site last March of an aborted
Herut convention. The convention
broke up in chaos as a result of a
power struggle for party leader-
ship between Yitzhak Shamir,
then Foreign Minister and Deputy
Premier, and Housing Minister
David Levy. Sharon's faction
aligned itself at the time with
In his speech Sunday, Sharon
urged that the convention be
reconvened at the earliest mo-
ment to instill new life into the
Herut movement. "There is no
need to wait for another two mon-
ths," he said.
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