The Jewish Floridian of South County

Material Information

The Jewish Floridian of South County
Portion of title:
Jewish Floridian
Added title page title:
Jewish Floridian of South Broward
Place of Publication:
Boca Raton, Fla
F.K. Shochet.
Creation Date:
November 7, 1986
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ;


Subjects / Keywords:
Jewish newspapers -- Florida ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Boca Raton (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Palm Beach County (Fla.) ( lcsh )
newspaper ( marcgt )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Palm Beach -- Boca Raton


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 1, no. 1 (Dec. 14, 1979)-
General Note:
The Apr. 20, 1990 issue of The Jewish Floridian of South County is bound in and filmed with v. 20 of The Jewish Floridian of South Broward.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
Copyright Fred K. Shochet. Permission granted to University of Florida to digitize and display this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Resource Identifier:
44560186 ( OCLC )
sn 00229543 ( LCCN )

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Full Text
The Jewish
w^ The Jewish -^ y
of South County
Volume 8 Number 36
Serving Boca Raton, Delray Beach, and Highland Beach, Florida Friday, November 7,1986
if FredShocht,
Price 35 Cents
Red Cross
Bars Israel's
Magen David
The Rev. John McKnight from Sydney,
Australia, went to Israel last week to trace
Mordechai Vanunu, the Israeli technician
dismissed from Israels atomic energy plant
in Dimona, and who subsequently sold Israel's
alleged nuclear weapons secrets to the British
newspaper, the Sunday Times. An Israeli
Prisons Service spokesman stated that
Vanunu 'is not being held in a Prisons Service
Said To Equate
All Religions
'Anne Frank' Ruling Spurs Protest
The Anne Frank Center
here has joined the moun-
ting national protest against
a Federal court ruling that
upheld the right of a group
of Christian fundamentalist
parents in Greeneville,
Tenn. to keep their children
out of the local public school
when "The Diary of Anne
Frank," among a long list of
other books, was read in
classrooms as part of the
The decision by Judge Thomas
Hull on Oct. 24 that the parents
had the right to protect their
children from what they consider
"Godless" influences and teach
them to read at home, shocked
academic, legal, publishing and
religious circles all over the
"THE DIARY of Anne Frank,"
along with such classics as "The
Wizard of Ox," was found objec-
tionable by the parents because
they stress humanitarian values
and deem all religions to be of
equal value, an anathema to the
religious right. All of the books
cited in the case are part of a basic
reading series published by Holt,
Rinehart and Winston.
At a press conference at the
Netherlands Club here, the Anne
Frank Center stated that it "joins
with national and international
leaders to condemn attempts to
ban "The Diary of Anne Frank'
and other books from public
Continued on Page 11
International Red Cross
Movement appears to have
erected a permanent barrier
against recognition of
Israel's Magen David Adorn
(Red Shield of David) as a
humanitarian agency by its
recent decision to change its
official title to the Interna-
tional Red Cross and Red
Crescent Movement. Israel
and Jewish organizations
have objected vigorously.
The Red Crescent is the Red
Cross equivalent in Moslem coun-
tries, just as the Magen David
Adorn is in Israel. The decision to
incorporate the Red Crescent was
endorsed without a vote by
delegates from more than 120
governments and 137 national
societies attending the Interna-
tional Conference of the Red
Cross here, a quadrennial event.
PINHAS ELIAV. the Israel
government delegate, said restric-
tion of recognition to Christian
and Moslem emblems means that
Israel is excluded from the various
international societies which coor-
dinate aid for victims of natural
disasters and armed conflict all
over the world. He maintained
that the Magen David Adorn,
which sent observers to the con-
ference, fulfills all criteria for full
membership, except for its
Israel has been seeking full
membership, to no avail, since the
Red Cross Movement was
reorganized in 1948-49, in the
aftermath of World War II. Eliav,
lodging a strong dissent from the
conference consensus, noted that
the six-pointed Star of David was
Continued on Page 11
To Iran?
All Say,
'We're Not
The allegations of U.S. of-
ficials' involvement in the
plan to sell $2.5 billion
worth of American weapons
to Iran have been met with
uniform denials by those of-
ficials or their
The allegations, presented in an
affidavit by defense attorney Paul
Grand in support of a joint motion
by attorneys in the case to dismiss
Continued on Page 6
Election Results
In the general election held Tuesday Bob Graham
emerged victorious for the Senate defeating Sen.
Paula Hawkins. Bob Martinez was elected governor to
the state of Florida, succeeding in his bid to become
Florida's second Republican governor since
The state lottery issue was passed overwhelmingly
with a 62 percent victory while the casino gambling
issue was defeated by a 70 percent no vote.
Others victorious in Tuesday's election were
Agriculture Commissioner Doyle Conner; Attorney
General Bob Butterworth; Comptroller Gerald Lewis;
Education Commissioner Betty Castor; Insurance
Commissioner Bill Gunter and Secretary of State
George Firestone.
Because of the heavy turnout, in some precincts as
much as 70 percent, some election results were slow in
coming in. In some instances results will not be deter-
mined until the absentee ballots have been counted.
The Israeli Consul Gen-t at Miami, Yehoshua Trigor, speaks with members of
the public after delivenru, a lecture on the outlook for peace in the Middle East to a
history class at the Boca Raton campus of Florida Atlantic University. (See story

Page 2 The Jewish Flondian of South County/Friday, November 7, 1986
Interior Sec'y. Raps
Human Rights Status
In Soviet Union
The United States
Secretary of the Interior
Donald Hodel, speaking at a
ceremony to mark the 100th
birthday of the Statue of
Liberty here last week, said
freedom can only have
meaning when "all of the
spiritual brothers and
sisters of the Yuri Orlovs
and of the Anatoly Sharan-
skys once again can know
the God-given blessing of
Hodel delivered a scathing at-
tack on human rights conditions in
the Soviet Union on Liberty
Island with the newly-refurbished
Lady Liberty towering behind him
from her perch in the New York
He called on the Soviet Union to
"tell the world the truth about the
fate of that courageous
humanitarian, Raoul
Wallenberg," the Swedish
diplomat credited with saving
about 100,000 Hungarian Jews
and who was arrested by the
Soviets near the end of World
War II.
TO THIS day, rumors persist
that Wallenberg may still be alive,
imprisoned in the Soviet Union.
Since 1957, the Soviet govern-
ment has maintained that
Wallenberg died in Lubyanka
Prison in Moscow on July 17, 1947
of a heart attack. But others
claimed to have sighted
Wallenberg in prison after that
Hodel also dedicated an empty
chair on the stage where
dignitaries were sitting to those
who could not share in this
celebration of freedom. "This
empty chair symbolizes the
millions and millions of people
throughout the world who yearn
for freedom for them the
Statue of Liberty's torch is not
lit," Hodel told the crowd of
several hundred people.
He focused on human rights
violations in the Soviet Union in
his speech and noted that the sub-
ject of human rights was at the
top of President Reagan's agenda
in Reykjavik although the con-
troversy over arms control over-
shadowed the importance of that
"Issues of good and evil aside,
we also should understand that
the Soviet government's
disregard of human freedom of its
own citizens directly affects
American self-interest," Hodel
aptly states when he assured us
and the masters of the Kremlin
that we are going to continue to
make an issue of the subject of
human rights, 'a government that
will break fiath with its own peo-
ple cannot be trusted to keep faith
with foreign powers.' "
Cantor Isaac Goodfriend of the
Holocaust Memorial Council par-
ticipated in the celebration of
Lady Liberty's centennial, sing-
ing the French and American na-
tional anthems and several other
patriotic songs. Representing the
Fvench government was Minister
of Culture and Communication
Francois Leotard, who also ad-
dressed the assembly.
Meese View of High Court
Not 'Law of Land/ Prof. Says
NEW YORK Attorney
General Edwin Meese's con-
tention that U.S. Supreme
Court decisions are not "the
law of the land" is
motivated by his personal
political beliefs, and not by
objective constitutional con-
siderations, according to the
dean of the New York
University School of Law.
"That this doctrine should be
expounded by the nation's chief
law enforcement officer is nothing
short of astounding," said Dean
Norman Redlich. "Make no
mistake, it is motivated by opi-
nions that he does not like, mainly
the question of school prayer and
a woman's right to terminate a
REDLICH SPOKE as the 1986
recipient of the Fund for Religious
Liberty Award which was
presented to him last week at the
Pierre Hotel by the American
Jewish Congress. The
AJCongress established the Fund
for Religious Liberty in 1985 to
maintain the constitutional
guarantees of religious freedom
and church-state separation
which, according to Dean Redlich.
"are under the most profound at-
tack in our nation's history."
The potential for the intrusion
if religion in government has
i underscored with the ap-
pointment of Supreme Court
Justice Willim Rehnquist, Dean
Redlich said. He noted that Judge
nquist "has stated flatly that
the establishment clause is design-
ed only to prevent an established
church," and not necessarily
government support of religion in
Dr. Redlich added that this is an
open invitation for the reimposi-
tion of school prayer and govern-
ment funding of religious sym-
bols. He further stated that "this
view, which is shared by other
judges on the Court and by the
President of the United States
undermines our precious
American heritage and should be
anathema to Jews."
DEAN REDLICH, co-chairman
of the American Jewish Congress
Commission on Law and Social
Action, has been Dean of the New
York University Law School for
the past 11 years. The Commis-
sion on Law and Social Action is
the legal division of AJCongress.
During his remarks here, he paid
tribute to the Commission which
40 years ago had the "novel" idea
to use litigation for social causes.
"Indeed," Dean Redlich said,
"The Commission on Law and
Social Action may have been the
first public interest law firm in the
United States."
The award was presented by
Judge Edward Weinfeld, U.S.
District Court Judge for the
Southern District of New York.
Judge Weinfeld has been on the
Federal bench for 37 years.
Lester Pollack, chief executive of-
ficer of Centre Partners, and
president of the Jewish Communi-
ty Relations Council of New York,
served as dinner chairman.
AUm Ben-Gurion (left), grandson of David
Ben-Gurion, recently spoke at the Jewish
Museum in New York to kick off the year-long
celebration of his grandfather's 100th birth-
day. With him are New York City Coun-
cilman Stanley E. Michels (center) and Dr.
5 Soviet Jews
Benjamin Hirsch, executive director of the
David Ben-Gurion Centennial Committee,
sponsor of a series of events commemorating
David Ben-Gurion in the coming year. AUm
Ben-Gurion is visiting in Miami for Israel
Bonds this week.
Defended by Jewish Lawyer, Let Go
Five young Orthodox Jews
arrested in front of
Moscow's main synagogue
on Simchat Torah were
released after being defend-
ed by a Jewish lawyer who
lives in Paris and New York,
according to press reports
from Moscow.
The lawyer. Samuel Pisar. who
was in Moscow with a delegation
of the American Jewish Congress,
has had frequent dealings with the
Soviet Union.
The five identified as Sasha
Lieberov, Sasha Zhukov, Vladimir
Geyzel, Sasha Ilin and Konstan
Alexeiev were detained for
disturbing the peace and each fin-
ed 50 Rubles, the equivalent of
about $75.
THEY HAD been arrested im-
mediately after the departure of
writer Elie Wiesel, who was in
Moscow to arrange for Soviet par-
ticipation in a conference on non-
Jewish victims of the Holocaust,
to be held in Washington in
While there, the Nobel Peace
Prize recipient for 1986 also met
with Soviet Jewish refuseniks.
Wiesel had sought without suc-
cess to meet with Soviet leader
Mikhail Gorbachev and dissident
physicist Andrei Sakharov.
The Simchat Torah celebrations
in Moscow draw a large crowd
every year of Jews who do not
otherwise attend synagogue, and
it is the main Jewish event in the
Soviet Union. On this occasion,
Jews gather in front of the Chorai
Synagogue and sing and dance in
the holiday's tradition.
THE FIVE who were arrested
were involved in a "tussle," accor-
ding to the press. Pisar reportedly
said two police cars drove slowly
down the street to disperse noisy
Pisar told the press that he was
called upon in his hotel by a group
of Jews who asked him to go to
the Kalinin Borough courthouse
where the five were to appear.
Pisar said that a crowd of about
100 relatives and friends of the
defendants had gathered in front
of the building. He told the press
that he wrote a note to court of-
ficials saying he was a lawyer
familiar with Soviet law and of-
fered his assistance.
PISAR SAID he was then per-
mitted to attend the police pro-
ceedings on the case. Under
Soviet law, police may administer
minor penalties. Pisar described
the Soviet magistrate as being
polite as she questioned the five
men and assessed the fines.
The arrests occurred as
Konstantin Kharchev, chairman
of the Soviet Council of Religious
Affairs, was visitng Simchat
Torah celebrations in New York
as the guest of the Appeal of Con-
science Foundation. In a press
conference recently, Kharchev
denied harassment of persons
engaging in religious activities.
Of the confluence of events,
Morris Abram, chairman of the
National Conference on Soviet
Jewry, told JTA: "It belies all of
the statements made by Mr. Khar-
chev that are designed to throw
sand in our eyes and obscure the
true facts. Mr. Kharchev's mis-
sion is one of disinformation; the
arrests are a Soviet reality."
Refusenik Goldfarb Trades Talk
With New York's Mayor Koch
telephone at the Columbia
Presbyterian Medical
Center has been ringing off
the hook since refusenik
David Goldfarb was brought
there two weeks ago after
arriving from the Soviet
Union on Armand Ham-
mer's jet.
But the National Conference on
Soviet Jewry thought that Mayor
Koch might like to greet Goldfarb
so, accompanied by NCSJ Chair-
man Morris B. Abram, the mayor
spent a lively half-hour with the
hero who lost a leg at Stalingrad
but won the battle of nerves with
the KGB.
The Mayor and Abram arrived
at the hospital to find Goldfarb
looking remarkably fit, despite his
recent ordeal, during which he
was denied proper medical atten-
uTesse0; a ** f "*
. DESPITE THE presence dur-
ing the visit of media journalists
toe mayor assumed the role of
rr!5ortT',1' f'ring questions at
uoldfarb almost non-stop.
Responding, Goldfarb re-
counted the chilling story of his
arrest on trumped up 'SpY"
?rRgeS,,hilinterro^ation bV the
K(,B and the attempt to get him
to betray journalist Nick Daniloff
Were you afraid during the in-
terrogation?" the mayor asked
"No, Goldfarb replied. "I had
nothing to be afraid of. I had done
nothing wrong."
Goldfarb spoke also of his
release from the Soviet Union. He
had refused to leave without his
wife, Cecilia. He noted that his
daughter remains there, and vow-
ed to work to get her, and
thousands of others out.
ABRAM mentioned the long
struggle of Goldfarb's son, Alex-
andr, to obtain his family's release
from the Soviet Union. Alexandr
received support from the NCSJ
during the ordeal. The NCSJ also
facilitated Alexandr's presence in
Iceland during the Reagan-
Gorbachev meetings.
Responding to the mention of
Alexandr, the mayor asked
Goldfarb, "is he a good boy?"
The father answered in the af-
firmative. Then the mayor asked
what the word is for "courage" in
Russian. When told, he pronounc-
ed the Russian word several
times, then its English equivalent.
"Courage," he exclaimed, looking
at David Goldfarb. "You've got
Youth Group Donates
Tzedakah Box
Recently, the Boca Raton
Synagogue Youth Group suc-
cessfully completed its first fun-
draising project. In addition to
selling Gold C books to family and
friends, members also took turns
manning a table at Publix where
they quickly implemented some
unique selling techniques. For
their efforts, eleven of the
members raised in excess of $400.
Holding to the spirit of Judaism,
the group donated a silver
tzedakah box to the synagogue.
The box will be a permanent
reminder to all who enter our new
building that our children are in-
deed very special.

Friday, November 7, 1986/The Jewish Floridian of South County Page 3
Soutl County Synagogue Jlfeuig
Sisterhood, Century Village
West, will have their next regular
meeting on Monday, Nov. 17 at 10
a.m. in the administration
building. An interesting program
is planned. Boutique and
refreshments as usual. "Almost
sold out" Thanksgiving at Crown
Hotel, Nov. 23-27. For informa-
tion and reservation, please call
Sylvia 483-0669 or Sylvia
482-5180 or Hilda 483-0424.
The Brotherhood Dance will be
held Nov. 9, 7:30 p.m. Free
refreshments. Complimentary
tickets. Open to all, 2475 W.
Atlantic Ave., Delray Beach.
The Sisterhood of Temple Sinai
will hold their Paid-Up Luncheon
on Monday Nov. 10 at the Temple
at noon. An entertaining program
will be provided. Reservations are
essential. Please call Natalie
Berendt, 499-8376.
Rabbi Samuel Silver of Temple
Sinai, Delray Beach, will be heard
on the coast-to-coast radio pro-
gram, Message of Israel, which is
aired on the ABC network. Local-
ly the program is broadcast Sun-
day, Nov. 16 at 8:05 a.m. on
WSBR, Boca Raton, 740 on the
AM dial.
Temple Sinai of Palm Beach
County services will take place
Friday, Nov. 7 at 8 p.m. Cantor
Elaine Shapiro will be in atten-
dance. Sermon by Rabbi Samuel
Silver will be "The Deluge."
Rabbi Dr. Louis L. Sacks will
preach the sermon on the theme
"Noah ... the Weekly Torah
Biblical Portion" at the Sabbath
Morning Service on Saturday,
Nov. 8 commencing at 8:45 a.m.
Daily Classes in the "Judaic
Code of Religious Law" (Shulchan
Oruch) led by Rabbi Sacks begin
at 7:30 a.m. preceding the Daily
Morning Minyon Services and at
5:30 p.m. in conjunction with the
Daily Twilight Minyon Services.
The Sabbath Talmud Class com-
mences at Sunset.
Mr. Harry Cope, Mrs. Lucille
Cohen, Dr. Nathan Jacobs and
Mrs. Nora Kalish are the
chairmen of the Membership Com-
mittee. For further information
call 499-9229.
Reform Movement's Commission
On Jewish Education Meets
The Joint Commission on
Jewish Education composed of lay
people, rabbis, educators, cantors
and the UAHC Department of
Education staff met recently in
New York. This group meets year-
ly to set goals and objectives of
the movement's educational pro-
gram for the 780 Reform
synagogues. Each member of the
commission is appointed to a com-
mittee which meets prior to the
meeting to discuss particular
Robin Eisenberg, director of
Education at Temple Beth El is a
representative of the National
Association of Temple Educators.
Robin is the treasurer of this na-
tional professional association.
During the commission meeting,
she served as the chairperson of
the Parenting/Project Malachi
The Parenting/Project Malachi
Committee develops programs
which strengthen Jewish family
Austria to
Recall Envoy
in Israel
Chancellor Franz Vranitzky
announced last Wednesday
(Oct. 29) that Austria will
recall its Ambassador in
Israel, Otto Pleinert, for con-
sultations over Israel's failure
to name a replacement for its
Ambassador to Austria,
Michael Elizur, who has
retired and left Vienna.
Vranitzky, speaking after a
ministerial council meeting,
said the move does not reflect
ill-feeling between the two
countries, but that Austria
wants to know exactly what
Israel's position is. He said
Pleinert had approached the
Foreign Ministry in Jerusalem
for an explanation and he is be-
ing called home to give a first
hand report for evaluation.
VRANITZKY would not
rule out the envoy's return to
Israel after reporting to the
Foreign Ministry here. He did
not say how Austria would
react if Israel decided not to
send a new Ambassador to
An Austrian radio report
from Jerusalem said Elizur
was still considered there to be
the Ambassador to Austria,
although the Israel Embassy
in Vienna is presently headed
by the Charge d'Affaires, Gi-
deon Yarden, on a temporary
life and helps hundreds of Jewish
parents raise their children and
move closer to synagogue affairs
and Jewish life. Activities include
parent/child groups, "How-to-do-
it" sessions on holidays and a
myriad of models to take
Religious School classroom learn-
ing into the home.
Temple Beth El has been on the
forefront of this project including
workshops for parents, family
Shabbat programs and Family
An announcement was made
that the Jewish Parenting Center
Program established by the Union
of American Hebrew Congrega-
tions has been designated the reci-
pient of the William Petocheck
National Jewish Family Center
Award. This award was establish-
ed to recognize exceptional con-
tributions to the strength and
stability of American Jewish
As part of the commission
meeting, a resolution in favor of
day care centeraalled in Reform
synagogues was discussed. This is
a direction in which the Depart-
ment of Education will be moving
to provide models, materials and a
The commission heard about a
number of innovative programs.
They ranged from an interfaith
class for children of five churches
plus one Reform temple in Tyler,
Texas to a program to bring unaf-
filiated families into Jewish study
in Denver to a program called
CLUWS (Come Let Us Welcome
Shabbat) in Manhattan which ex-
poses people to the hows, whys
and whens of Shabbat observance.
Boca Raton Chapter has
scheduled its first membership ac-
quisition and orientation event of
the season to be held at Patch
Reef Recreation Center on
Wednesday, Nov. 12 at 10 a.m.
Mrs. Helen Zalkin will be the
keynote speaker. Luncheon will
be served. All Jewish women are
cordially invited to attend by mak-
ing their reservations with Sarah
at 483-0429 or Miriam at 482-3487
before Nov. 9.
Integrity Council will hold
their regular meeting on Friday,
Nov. 14 at Patch Reef Park on
Yamato Road, Boca Raton at 9:30
Mitzvah Chapter will hold its
next meeting Monday, Nov. 17 at
10 a.m. in the administration
building of CVW.
Coming attractions planned are:
"Steve and Edie"; "Legends"
with Mary Martin and Carol
Channing; "Cats"; "I'm not Rap-
paport" with Judd Hirsch;
"Cabaret" with Joel Grey; "Social
Security"; Cruise upon the "Sea
Escape." For information call
483-0981 or 483-3645.
The Mae Volen Senior Center is
sponsoring a "Sunday is for
Singles" Dance at the Center,
1515 W. Palmetto Park Road,
Boca Raton, every third Sunday
of the month from 2-4:30 p.m. The
next dance is Nov. 16. Admission
is $2 for members and $2.50 for
non-members. Special Door Prizes
For Men! For information, call
The Delray Chapter will meet
on Tuesday, Nov. 11, noon until
three, at Congregation Anshei
Emuna, 16189 Carter Road (south
of Linton Blvd.), Delray Beach;
Songs by Johnny and Carlos spon-
sored by Savings of America. For
information call Mae Levitt,
You've got the right idea. You're eating a high fiber cereal because
you know how beneficial a high fiber diet can be.
But do you know there s a bran flake that's highest in fiber, best
tasting and absolutely Kosher?
Its Post* Natural Bran Flakes.
Post* has more fiber than the other leading bran flake And Post*
is oven toasted. So every flake is crispy, golden and delicious
Now that you vedecided to haveahigh fiber bran flake, make sure
it's Post* Natural Bran Flakes. The best tasting, highest fiber bran
e 1986 Ganwal Foods Corporakon
Where keeping Kosher is a delicious tradition.

Page 4 The Jewish Floridian of South County/Friday, November 7, 1986
Charges Pressed Against Orthodox Group
Jerusalem police said last Sun-
day they would press charges
against Rabbi Elia\u Abergil
who led a group of Orthodox
men in an attempt to disrupt
prayer services at a Reform
congregation in the Baka
suburb of Jerusalem on the eve
of Simchat Torah. He is also
charged with making threats
against the local Reform
The Jerusalem Police chief
said that accounts of violence
at the incident were much ex-
aggerated. Minister of
Religious Affairs Zevulun
Hammer, nevertheless,
ordered an inquiry. According
Round Two of National Unity
Israel's government of national unity described at its forma-
tion two years ago by detractors and supporters alike as a recipe
for national paralysis reaches the half-way point with a record
of surprising longevity and accomplishments. The rotation of of-
fices between Prime Minister Shimon Peres and Foreign Minister
Yitzhak Shamir took place Oct. 14. The unity government became
necessary after the 1984 election, in which the electorate denied
both Peres' center-left Labor alignment and Shamir's center-
right Likud coalition the votes to govern without the support of
the other.
For the past two years the forced combination of Labor and
Likud, plus several smaller, mostly religious parties, has survived
a succession of major and minor crises. Some were caused by out-
side events, some by members of the government.
Reagan Administration officials and the Israeli public alike
have given national unity high marks. In fact, consistent and
strong public support for the government under Peres has check-
ed the impulse of some politicians in both major parties to use a
crisis to bring down the government and force early elections. No
one wanted to risk being seen as an opportunist willing to
sacrifice popular policies.
Polls consistently show that the Israeli public endorsed the ac-
tions of the Peres-led Cabinet. These included the successful fight
against rampant inflation, the military withdrawal from Lebanon,
improved and smoother relations with the United States,
and diplomatic efforts to revive the peace with Egypt and, if
possible, expand it to other Arab countries. If many, especially
Likud supporters, were skeptical of the latter, they as well as
Labor voters appreciated the positive effect Israel's peace cam-
paign had on the country's international standing. And Peres'
conciliatory style seemed to lessen the dmsiveness of domestic
Israeli politics as well.
Many expect the general approach followed successfully by
Peres to continue under Shamir, despite the gulf in political
ideology. And some of the same people who anticipated a short,
ineffectual life for the unity government two years ago now
believe it will continue another year or more and perhaps reach
the end of its mandate 25 months from now. As both Peres and
Shamir have pointed out, the same 33 basic guidelines which
outlined policy since the fall of 1984 remain in force.
Melvin Friedlander, director of George Mason University's
Center for Middle East Studies in suburban Washington, D.C.,
put it negatively: "The same pressures which prevented Labor
from doing many of the things it wanted to will prevent Likud
from doing what it wants whether on settlements, the peace
process, or other areas The only thing which would tear it (the
unity government) apart might be how to handle a Jordanian
peace initiative."
An Israeli academic analyst currently in Washington agreed
that a legitimate proposal from Amman might provoke a split bet-
ween Labor and Likud over how to respond. That could bring
down the government and force early elections. But a Jordanian
initiative appears unlikely "if it's true that King Hussein has
basically given up on the possibility of doing anything in the short
run and is working on a long-range effort to change the balance of
power between Jordan and the PLO in the territories."
The analyst said that Peres will remain committed to the rota-
tion concept with Shamir as Prime Minister because such a stance
will reinforce his credibility as a statesman. His leadership as
Prime Minister already did much to erase an earlier wheeler-
dealer image. Peres has vowed to continue pursuing his ides for
peace while Foreign Minister, even if some in Likud object.
However, in Israeli politics the Prime Minister and Defense
Minister tend to set the agenda, and the Foreign Minister has no
direct control over developments in the territories, the analyst
Unlike Peres, who has sought to make the "Jordan option"
workable, Shamir stresses the autonomy proposals for the West
Bank and Gaza Strip outlined in the Camp David Accords. Rabin
would be "slightly more reluctant" to assist Jordan's goals in the
territories under Shamir than he had been under Peres. If Peres
sees no opportunity to expand the Arab-Israeli peace, he might
torn his diplomatic activism toward Africa, Eastern European
countries, the Soviet Union and even China. "And given Peres'
preocupation with technology, this might tie into efforts to im-
prove relations with Japan," the analyst said.
An Israeli official commented that "if there is any change, it
will be in style, not substance .. Both parties will still have pari-
ty and no decision can be taken without the other side."
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to the police, Abergil is
suspected of having violated
Article 171 of the Criminal
Code. If convicted he could
face up to three years in
prison, Abergil was released
on bail.
escalated the ongoing con-
troversy in Israel over
freedom of worship for all and
religious extremism. Rabbi
Richard Hirsh, head of the
Progressive (Reform) move-
ment in Israel, said that pro-
tection of minority rights was
the essence of democracy.
But Sephardic Chief Rabbi
Mordechai Eliahu said on a
radio interview that while he
abhorred and condemned
violence of any kind, he oppos-
ed freedom of worship if that
meant equality for all branches
of religion.
Hammer, leader of the Na-
tional Religious Party, stated
that he favored complete
freedom and protection for
private worship but was
against "importing problems,"
meaning apparently the
pluralism of Judaism that
prevails in the U.S. and other
countries. Israel recognizes
and supports only the Or-
thodox branch.
charges that he hurled abuse
at the Reform worshippers
and that he and his supporters
resorted to force to wrest
Torah scrolls from them.
Eyewitness accounts of the
events at the Kol Haneshama
congregation that Friday
night said "Abergil and his
followers entered the com-
munity center gymnasium
where services were being
held. At first they just watch-
ed. Then, two of the younger
intruders asked to dance with
the Torah scrolls and attemp-
ted to grab them. When they
failed, Abergil began scream-
ing invectives at the congrega-
tion, calling them evil and cor-
rupt. He said they made the
synagogue into a house of
gregations this Sabbath.
IN NEW YORK, Alexander
Schindler, president of the
Union of American Hebrew
Congregations, the Reform
movement, said Sunday: "The
attempt by ultra-Orthodox ex-
tremists to disrupt a joyous
celebration of Simchat Torah
in a Reform synagogue in Holy
City of Jerusalem fills us with
profound sadness,
demonstrating as it does the
fanatic and unremitting effort
of certain groups to impose, by
force if necessary, their view
of how other Jews should wor-
ship the Almighty. We are
grateful to the Jerusalem
police for pressing charges
against the perpetrators and
to the Minister of Religious Af-
fairs for ordering an investiga-
tion into this reprehensible
PLO: At Home in Washington
At a time when the United States is urging action against inter-
national terrorism, the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO)
continues to operate an office in the nation's capital. But
Washington's hospitality toward the PLO may be running out as
Congress and the Justice Department investigate the Palestine
Information Office's (PIO) activities.
In documents filed with the Justice Department, the informa-
tion office states that it is wholly supported by the PLO. Last
year, the PIO received $280,000 from the PLO to "bring the
views of the Palestinian people... to the attention of the
American people as well as to government officials throughout
the U.S."
The office disseminates publications, arranges speaking tours
and meets with foreign diplomats, mostly from Arab and East
European countries. Last year, PIO staff members conducted
their first meetings with Congressmen on Capitol Hill.
A State Department spokesman defended the operation of the
PIO office saying that it may engage in diplomatic activity as long
as it is registered as a foreign agent and staffed by permanent
residents of the United States. The same activities, performed by
non-U.S. residents working as diplomats, would be illegal since
the United States does not recognize the PLO.
The Senate recently adopted a measure introduced by Sen.
Frank Lautenberg (D., N.J.) directing the Justice Department to
investigate whether the PIO is in full compliance with the Foreign
Agents Registration Act (FARA). Although the office has been
open since 1978, the Justice Department, which oversees the ac-
tivities of foreign agents in the United States, has never con-
ducted an on-site evaluation of the PIO's activities.
Speaking to the Conference of Presidents of Major American
Jewish Organizations recently, Attorney General Edwin Messe
revealed that the Justice Department already has begun to look
into charges that the PIO might be engaged in activities for which
it is not registered. Should the investigation reveal that the PIO is
acting in violation of FARA, its continued operation would be call-
ed into question .
The renewed interest in the PIO follows two hearings con-
ducted earlier this year by the Senate Subcommittee on Security
and Terrorism. Subcommittee Chairman Sen. Jeremiah Denton
(R., Ala.) called the sessions to examine the role of Yasir Arafat
and the PLO in international terrorism and to explore how the
United States can respond.
In his opening remarks, Denton decried the PLO's "cult of
righteous violence" and asked committee members to assess how
Arafat can be made accountable for his actions through the "full
weight" of U.S. resources and international law.
Throughout the hearing, Denton called for tighter control of
PLO activity in the United States in order to prevent the terrorist
organization from "building a terrorist infrastructure and expan-
ding their propaganda machine within this country." A Justice
Department witness said he could not assure the committee that
"any and all (PIO office) activities are legal."
Testifying before the committee, Lautenberg expressed his con-
cern that the PIO office in Washington might be used as a base for
terrorism and urged that it be registered under the Voorhis Act, a
statute applied to organizations which engage in civilian military
activity and advocate the violent overthrow of a government. The
act would require the PLO to disclose the full extent of its opera-
tions and funding. Citing reports that the PLO offices in Europe
have been used in planning terrorist attacks, Lautenberg said:
"The fear that this Washington office could be used as a base for
terror is not farfetched ... We should not take that chance."
In El Salvador
Press Gratifwd by Israeli Aides' Good Work
By YITZHAK RABI from El Salvador last week.
A two-member Israeli The two men stayed in San
rescue team that went to El Salvador, the capital of El
Salvador to help the victims Salvador and the city hit hardest
of the devastating earth- bv ,the. quake, for three days
Friday, November 7, 1986
Volume 8
Tear Minimum S7)
5 HESHVAN 5747
Number 36
quake there Oct. 10 said
they "encountered scenes of
terrible destruction and
human agony.
Many efforts were made to save
trapped children, men and women
under the rubble caused by the
earthquake but many people
are still trapped and in urgent
need of help, if they are still
described by Col. (Res.) Gavriel
Rappaport, a former head of the
Israel Defense Force rescue unit,
and Moshe Rubin, an agronomist
who established the Israel Agency
to Save Human Lives, in an inter-
view" with the Jewish Telegraphic
Agency upon their arrival here
evaluating the rescue efforts of
teams from various countries and
those from El Salvador and advis-
ing the authorities on how to
streamline the efforts to save
more lives. More than 1,000 peo-
ple were reported killed in the
Rappaport said he gained a vast
knowledge of how to help disaster
victims during his army service
that included rescue efforts of
Israeli soldiers trapped in a
building in Tyre, Lebanon, after a
gas container exploded and
destroyed the building.
MORE THAN 70 soldiers and
30 Arab terrorists who were being
held in a detention area in the
building were killed and scores of
Israelis were burned in that 1983
disaster. Rappaport also par-
ticipated in rescue efforts follow-
ing the 1985 earthquake in Mexico
and September's earthquake in
The two Israeli volunteers arriv-
ed in El Salvador with a half ton
of medical supplies for the earth-
quake victims sent by the Israeli
"Upon our arrival we received a
letter from the Salvadoran
authorities and a pass permit to
the devastated areas. The rescue
efforts there were going slowly.
In many cases there was lack of
proper equipment, such as heavy
bulldozers and cranes to clear the
rubble and free the trapped vic-
tims," Rubin said.
The effort of the Israeli team,
however small in size, did not go
unnoticed. The picture of the two
appeared in the El Salvador daily
Continued on Page 10

Friday, November 7, 1986/The Jewish Floridian of South County Page 5
Tradition: What Happened To It in Spanish Weddings ?
Aryeh Benzacquan, a young
rabbinical student, always knew
that when it came time for him to
marry he would do it right in
Benzacquan's case that meant a
ceremony conducted according to
the customs of the Jews of
Spanish Morocco, with all the
For his bride, the Tangiers-born
Benzacquan, an active member of
the Spanish Moroccan
Genealogical Society in Israel,
chose a daughter of Spanish
Morocco. "Mercedes comes from
Tetuan, a town 60 kilometers
from Tangiers so renowned for its
piety that it was called 'little
Jerusalem,' says Benzacquan.
In an uncharacteristic depar-
ture from tradition, the bride and
groom met on the campus of Bar-
Ilan University where they were
both students. In Spanish Moroc-
co, marriages were generally ar-
ranged by the parents, and the
couple saw little of each other un-
til they got to the chupah. "My
father told me that the only time
the couple could meet was at the
havdala ceremony at the close of
the Sabbath."
BUT ONCE THEY decided to
make it official, the Benzacquans
conformed strictly to the old
ways, which date from pre-
Inquisition Spain. The official
merrymaking began on the Sab-
bath preceding the wedding. "On
this Sabbath, known as the Sabt
ed Rai, or the Sabbath of royalty,
the bride's family welcomes the
groom's family into their home to
formalize the union between the
two families," explains Benzac-
quan, a custom which signals the
beginning of a long week of
feasting and celebration.
The next step on the road to the
chupah is the Berveriska, or hen-
na ceremony, which takes place at
the bride's home upon her return
from the ritual bath. Dressed in
the traditional gold embroidered
velvet gown and elaborate conical
cap, the bride is accompanied by
female friends and relatives to the
mikra. She comes home to a gala
party at which special songs are
sung in Hebrew praising her beau-
ty and virtue.
A Yemenite Jewish couple at their 'henna' celebration.
"In old Morocco, this night used
to be called 'the night of the con-
tract,' because on this night the
bride presented her dowry," ex-
plains Benzacquan. Today,
however, the evening has lost its
legal meaning. "My bride came to
me without a dowry," confesses
the young rabbi to be.
IN MOROCCO, this evening
was also an occasion to honor
community notables, particularly
the members of the Chevra
Kadixha, or burial society. "At
the celebration, the members of
the Chevra Kadisha would hold
onto the bride's conical cap and
lead her into a room of singing
guests," says Benzacquan. "Then
her father would come to bless
On the next day, the wedding
ceremony took place. According
to the custom of the Sephardim,
or Spanish and Portuguese Jews,
the couple prepared themselves
for this awesome event, not by
fasting and prayer but by partak-
ing in sweet foods and delicacies.
"In Spanish this is called adulaar
a boca, 'a sweet mouth is an omen
for a sweet life,' explains the
portly Benzacquan.
Because the groom is con-
sidered like a king on his wedding
day, he annoints himself in a
special, perfumed bath of
rose water and rose petals. "In old
Morocco, the groom's friends
prepared the bath for him and ac-
companied him to the bathhouse
with song and rejoicing," explains
Benzacquan. In modern Israel,
however, Benzacquan's friends
led him only as far as the shower.
Toward late afternoon, the cou-
ple proceed to the synagogue
where a special prayer service is
held in their honor. They take
their seats inside a special chupah
called a trono, or throne. The
trono is literally a small sukkah
constructed from Torah scroll
coverings (parochot) and covered
with a white cloth. It is held
together on four silk and flower
covered poles. Contrary to
Ashkenazi custom, the couple ex-
periences the ceremony sitting
down. "Why should they stand if
they are royalty," says
In contrast to the levity of the
preceding days, the mood at the
wedding ceremony is heavy and
solemn. "At my wedding
Continued on Page 9-
'Shalom Sesame'
Violinist Perlman, Actress Franklin Inaugurate Latest TV Series
NEW YORK It's a long way
from "Sesame Street" to Israel.
But Bert and Ernie, Grover, and
Kermit the Frog have packed
their bags, waved "Shalom," and
made the trip. Along with travel
companions such as Kippy ben
Kipod, an oversized Hebrew-
speaking porcupine, and Moshe
Oofnik, an Israeli grouch, the
"Sesame Street" gang has
teamed-up with world-renowned
violinist Itzhak Perlman and
American television and Broad-
way star Bonnie Franklin to host
the first five episodes of "Shalom
Sesame", a new series which
adapts the best of Israeli "Sesame
Street" for American audiences.
Produced by the Children's
Television Workshop (CTW),
alphabet and teaches his daughter
the Hebrew letter "Bet."
Audiences will travel with
Franklin as she visits her first
Kibbutz and learns from its
members about their unique com-
munal way of living and working.
With a young Yemenite friend
named Ofira as her guide, Bonie
Moshe Oojnick is the grouch
on new 'Sesame Street' takeoff.
World renowned violinist Itzhak Perlman
shares the 'stage' with Kippy ben Kipod, an
oversized Hebrew-speaking porcupine.
Another 'Shalom Sesame' character is Moshe
Oofnick, an Israeli grouch.
creators of "Sesame Street,"
"Shalom Sesame" explores the
rich diversity of Israel's people,
places, traditions, and culture.
FROM A STREET cafe in Tel
Aviv, to the amphitheatre in
Caesaria, to Kibbut Ein Gedi near
the Dead Sea and the Shuk (Arab
Market) in Jerusalem, American
audiences will travel with
Perlman, a native-born Israeli,
and Franklin, a first-time tourist,
as they explore the sites and
sounds of Israel.
In one scene, Perlman, who
grew up in Tel Aviv, sits in a
street cafe on Dizengoff (.'el
Aviv's Fifth Avenue) with two
young Israeli friends, reminiscing
about his childhood. In another
scene, he introduces the Hebrew
visits the old and new cities of
Jerusalem, experiencing the blen-
ding of different cultures and
traditions. Highlighted are an ex-
cursion to the Jerusalem Theatre,
a trip to Mea Shearim, a religious
neighborhood, and a visit to the
Shuk. In another scene, Kippy
visits the Knesset (Israel's Parlia-
ment) in session.
children, "Shalom Sesame,"
through its unique blend of
American and Israeli culture, can
provide a sense of belonging to
their Jewish heritage while being
a part of American culture. Most
important, "Shalom Sesame"
presents American audiences with
Continued on Page 9

Page 6 The Jewish Floridian of South County/Friday, November 7, 1986
Arms to Iran?
All Say, 'We're Not Involved'
Continued from Page 1
the charges, indicate that U.S. of-
ficials debated and eventually ap-
proved the sale of American
weapons by several of the defen-
dants to Cyrus Hashemi, a
government informant who
presented himself as a weapons
buyer for the Iranian government.
The affidavit named Vice Presi-
dent George Bush, Marine Corps
commandant Gen. P. X. Kelley
and Defense Secretary Caspar
Weinberger among those officials
with whom the defendants had
GRAND, the attorney for
defendant Samuel Evans, also
claimed in his affidavit that there
was a general policy debate within
the Administration over the
possibility of approving covert
arms sales to Iran.
With the indictment of four
Israelis in the case, the Israeli
government was faced with ques-
tions about reported Israeli sales
of American weapons to Iran. The
Israeli government denies the
reports and has disassociated
Egypt Hails
Egypt has congratulated Premier
Yitzhak Shamir on the assumption
of his new office. A letter last
Monday (Oct. 27) from Egyptian
Vice Premier and Foreign
Minister Esmet Abdel Meguid
wished the Israeli leader good
health and success and expressed
hope that the "progress made so
far between Egypt and Israel will
be a solid basis for a comprehen-
sive peace to encompass all the
partners in the area."
The message arrived a week
after similar good wishes were ex-
tended by Cairo to outgoing
Premier Shimon Peres who took
office as Vice Premier and
Foreign Minister after the rota-
tion of power in Israel's unity
coalition government. Observers
here said the time lag reflected
Egypt's doubts about Shamir,
given Likud's hardline policies on
the Palestinian issue.
But Shamir himself, it was
reported from reliable sources, ex-
pects a marked improvement in
bilateral relations between Israel
and Egypt once arbitration of
their Taba border dispute gets
underway in Geneva in December.
itself from the defendants in this
case, although several defendants
claimed the Israeli government
was fully aware of their involve-
ment in alleged negotiations to
sell weapons to Iran.
Prosecuting Attorney Lorna
Schofield had no comments to the
JTA on the affidavit except to say
she had filed papers in response to
the motion to dismiss charges.
Those papers are not presently
available in the public court record
of the case.
American government officials
responded to the allegations
against them with denials and
reiterations of American policy on
arms sales to Iran.
spokesman Don Kaufman told the
JTA, "The U.S. is neutral in the
war. We do not ship arms to either
side and do not grant licenses to
ship arms from other countries."
Kaufman explained the U.S.
ban on weapons sales to Iran, say-
ing, "Iran is intransigent in ef-
forts to bring the war to an end.
We are opposed to any arms going
to Iran."
Vice President Bush's
spokesman Stephen Hart told the
JTA, "Allegations that (Bush) had
a role in this are ridiculous the
Vice President had no role in
this." Hart said he could not res-
pond to questions about a general
policy debate within the Ad-
ministration over covert arms
sales to Iran.
Marine Corps spokesman Maj.
Anthony Rothfork said Gen.
Kelley is aware of the investiga-
tion and the allegations concern-
ing him but does not know
anything about the case itself.
Rothfork said Kelley does not
know the defendants John de la
Roque or Bernard Veillot, who
stated repeatedly on the tapes
that they were in contact with
Kelley. Rothfork said Kelley was
not involved in any decision on
selling American arms to Iran
through the defendants. Kelley
himself was not available for
A PENTAGON spokesman
gave similar responses to ques-
tions of involvement of Pentagon
officials and said they could not
comment on a case still in
Kashruth Under Strict Supervision Synagogue on Premises A/C
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Prior to the overthrow of the
Shah of Iran in 1979, America
considered Iran a critical ally in
the region. The 1979 hostage
crisis effectively severed official
U.S. relations with the present
day regime and cut off all arms
Officially, until today the U.S.
government maintains a hard-line
stance on Iran: no diplomatic rela-
tions, no weapons and that means
no licenses for resale of American
weapons by other countries.
The Israelis pledged to stop
such shipments in 1979 when the
U.S. charged they were under-
mining the government's at-
tempts to block the sale of all
American weapons to Iran
followng the seizure of the
hostages at the American em-
bassy in Teheran.
Israeli Consul spokesman in
New York Baruch Binah told the
JTA that Israel fulfilled certain
"contracts" with Iran until 1981
and Iran paid for thsoe goods.
SINCE 1981, Israel has never
acknowledged any sales of
American arms to Iran. Israeli
leaders Yitzhak Rabin and Shimon
Peres on recent visits to the
United States were questioned
repeatedly by the press on these
reports of arms sales and
categorically denied government
involvement in each instance.
In the most recent press reports
in September, the Danish Sailors'
Union announced it had evidence
of Israeli shipments of thousands
of tons of American-made
weapons to Iran aboard Danish
ships. The Israeli government has
denied the newest charges, also.
Shortly after the arrests of the
four Israelis in Bermuda, in-
vestigators discovered that Gen.
Avraham Bar-Am carried a letter
authorizing him to seek out buyers
for Israeli military exports in-
cluding weapons and technology.
THE LETTER, however, as
Israeli officials hastened to note
did not authorize Bar-Am to
negotiate arms deals and
specifically not the deal alleged in
this case. Binah said Bar Am is "a
private person acting on his own"
and "had a license to deal in arms,
not to break any laws."
Defense lawyers interviewed by
the JTA said they expect the ques-
tions of American and Israeli of-
ficial involvement to be central
issues in the trial scheduled for
late this month.
David B. Hermelin (left), chairman of the American ORT
Federation Executive Committee, meets with Israel Defense
Forces Chief of Staff Gen. Moshe Levy at the World ORT Union
Congress held recently in Jerusalem. Gen. Levy noted that "The
10,000 ORT gradautes who will enter the Israeli army this year,
equipped with their technological training and know-how, are a
guarantee that we will be in the forefront of technology, which is
the real battlefield of the future.'
Israeli Consul General
Assesses Outlook for Peace
A peace settlement between
Israel and its Arab neighbors
eventually will be reached, Israeli
Consul General Yehoshua Trigor
predicted during a recent lecture
before a history class at Florida
Atlantic University.
Trigor based his prediction on
the fact that Arab countries have
been unable to defeat Israel
militarily and that some Arab
leaders, such as the late Anwar
Sadat, have accepted the ex-
istence of the Jewish state and
shown some accommodation.
In speaking to the class, Trigor
emphasized the strategic dif-
ficulties faced by his nation in
defending itself. He pointed out
that Israel is a small country in
geographic terms with a relatively
small population of 4.2 million
He said Israel needs a strong
defense and intelligence capability
because of these facts of life. But
he admitted there is a harsh cost
to the economy because of the na-
tional resources channeled to the
defense effort.
Trigor, chief diplomat at the
Israeli consulate in Miami, spoke
to students studying the "Arab-
Israeli Conflict," a class taught by
Dr. Thomas Mayer, visiting pro-
fessor from Tel Aviv University.
. Jv.
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Survivor Praises
Italians Who Protected Jews
Friday, November 7, 1986/The Jewish Floridian of South County Page 7
A Jewish Holocaust sur-
vivor who was rescued by
Italian soldiers shared his
story with the Italian Am-
bassador to the United
States and the American
Jewish Committee here last
week to illustrate the com-
passion and
humanitarianism of the
Italians who rescued and
protected Jews during
World War II.
Ivo Herzer, whose family was
smuggled into Italian-occupied
territory in 1941 with the help of
Italian soldiers, recounted his ex-
perience at a ceremony honoring
the Italian Ambassador, Rinaldo
Petrignani, at AJCommittee
"deeply moved" by Herzer's
dramatic account, which he said
he heard for the first time at the
ceremony. "Now I know you and
your story and I will never forget
it," Petrignani said.
The AJCommittee presented
Petrignani with a lithograph
depicting a white dove inscribed
with Shalom in Hebrew and
English in deep gratitude "for
assistance given by unknown and
known Italians who risked their
lives" to rescue Jews.
The ceremony came just two
weeks before a major conference
is scheduled to convene at Boston
University Nov. 6-7 to discuss
scholarship and first-hand ac-
counts of the little known but
dramatic chapter of Holocaust
history, the Italian rescue of Jews.
After being presented with the
lithograph, Petrignani said, "I ac-
cept (it) with humility, with deep
feeling and also with a sense of
sadness because we all know that
all this should never, never have
happened." He added that he ac-
cepted the honor on behalf of "the
unknown Italians who are really
the recipients."
"THIS STORY has to be
known and it has to be told,"
Petrignani said. "The Italians
who rescued Jews did not do it out
of a lofty ideological conviction,"
he said, "but in the name of
Achievement Awards
(JTA) Leonard and Bernard
Shapiro, chairman and president,
respectively, of the Familian
Corp., have received the Major
Achievement Award at the Trade
Awards Dinner sponsored by the
government -of Israel and the
American-Israel Chamber of
sincere, basic human solidarity."
The rescue of the Jews is "a
history of which we can be pro-
ud." Petrignani acknowledged
some persecution of Jews and
discrimination under the fascist
regime of Benito Mussolini, but
said "the persecution in Italy was
not comparable to what happened
in Germany."
Petrignani said the Italian peo-
ple rejected the discrimination
and that those policies had
"alienated the Italian people."
"There was help and denunciation
at the same time," he said. "But
the Italians showed solidarity and
human compassion."
Herzer shared a brief account of
his family's experience with the
Italian Ambassador and members
of the AJCommittee and the Na-
tional Italian-American Founda-
tion who attended the ceremony.
Herzer and his family lived in
the capital of Croatia, Zagreb,
when Italy, Germany, Hungary
and Bulgaria occupied Yugoslavia
in April, 1941. About 70,000 Jews
lived in pre-war Yugoslavia and
about half came under the
vehemently anti-Semitic rule of
the Ustasha, the Croatian fascist
party, during the occupation.
Herzer's family was among those
who found themselves in the
Croatian-ruled territory and
decided to attempt an escape to
the Italian occupied zone.
ON July 30, 1941, Herzer and
his family left home with fake
travel documents and boarded a
train for Spalato, the capital of
Dalmatia occupied by the Italians.
But guerrillas had blown up part
of the railroad tracks and the
family was forced to disembark in
a town called Gospic, a stronghold
of Croatian fascists.
As he exited the train, Herzer
saw a long line of Jewish families
in chains wearing yellow badges
being marched off to a Croatian
concentration camp. Quite by
chance, Herzer's father met a
small group of Italian soldiers
near the home where the family
hid after the aborted escape. He
managed to convey to the soldiers
that he was part of a group of
Jewish refugees who feared for
their lives.
The sergeant reassured
Herzer's father that he would ob-
tain permission to put the
refugees on a train to Italy. The
sergeant never got that permis-
sion. But late that same night, he
brought a small contingent of
Italian soldiers to the hideout and
escorted the refugees to the train
station. The soldiers even carried
their luggage.
THE REFUGEES boarded an
Italian Army train, where the
sergeant remained by their side.
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They were served food and drink.
The sergeant saw to it that his
refugees arrived safely in Fhime,
Italy, where he beseeched the
authorities to care for the Herzer
family. Then he left. Herzer never
knew his name.
Sadly, the Italian authorities
turned back the refugees and
Herzer's family was sent back to
Zagreb, where the Ustasha had,
just one day after their departure,
come to take them off to a concen-
tration camp and then occupied
their apartment.
The family escaped a second
time to Susak, near Fiume, where
they hid from authorities. After a
few weeks, the Italian police
discovered the refugees, but
released them one day later. They
were taken to the town of Cir-
quenizza, and there the top of-
ficials of the Fifth Corps of the Se-
cond Army promised the refugees
protection and freedom to the
degree that was possible in those
Later the Herzers and other
refugees were put into internment
camps in Italian territory but
were free to study, worship in a
camp synagogue and organize
themselves in any way. Herzer
completed his high school educa-
tion within an Italian camp.
particular experiences from that
time which he said illustrated the
deep-felt humanitarianism and
compassion of the Italians
towards the Jews.
On Yom Kippur, October 1,
1941, the military authorities in
Cirquenizza lifted martial law and
prohibitions on public assembly to
allow the Jews to hold Yom Kip-
pur services in a school.
A few months later, just before
Christmas, 1941, an Italian ver-
sion of the USO visited the town
and the commander of the Army
unit there invited the Jewish
refugees to the show. The Jews,
the only civilians invited to the
FAU Engineer
Receives $260,000
Research Grant
Dr. Zvi S. Roth, an assistant
professor of electrical and com-
puter engineering at Florida
Atlantic University, has been
awarded a grant of $260,000 for
research in three new areas of
robotics. Dr. Roth serves as direc-
tor of FAU's Center for Control
Systems and Robotics.
Awarded by the Florida High
Technology and Industry Council,
the grant is part of a $1.4 million
program by the State Legislature
to aid the commercialization of
ideas generated by the Florida
University System and encourage
partnerships with industry.
A native of Israel, Dr. Roth
earned both his bachelor's and
master's degrees at Technion-
Israel Institute of Technology,
and his doctoral degree at Case
Western Reserve University. He
joined the faculty at FAU in 1982
as visiting assistant professor.
A day-long battle in east Beirut
in late September between Chris-
tian militia and Lebanese Army
troops loyal to President Amin
Gemayel and militiamen backed
by Syria left more than 50 people
killed and 200 wounded. One pro-
government figure, National
Liberal Party leader Daniel Cha-
moun, "expressed his hope that
the world would now see how
Lebanon is combatting Syrian ter-
rorism" (Voice of Lebanon, Sept.
27). Leaders of the anti-Gemayel
Christians, Elie Hobeika, said the
battle was only the beginnir
(Beirut Radio, Oct. 1).
Jay Maxur (Uft), president of the ILGWU and vice president of
the American ORT Federation; Sam Fine, manager-secretary of
Local 91-105 and Chairman of the American Labor ORT; and
Rita Schneider joined in the recent dedication of the new Edward
Schneider Classroom at the ORT School of Engineering in
Jerusalem. The classroom will memorialize Eddie Schneider,
former chairman of American Labor ORT and American ORT
Federation treasurer, in which capacity he played a leading role
in guiding the international ORT network of vocational and
technical schools providing education to 158,000 students in 17
show, were seated in the first row
and told they were the guests of
About 15 percent of Croatian
Jews survived because they cross-
ed into the Italian occupation
zone, Herzer said. "In those
years, when Europe abandoned us
Italy was our true homeland,"
Herzer said. All historians and
survivors "agree that the basic
motivation for this was the Italian
humanitarianism," he said.
Herzer's experiences have im-
pelled him to organize the
testimonies and scholarly work on
Italian rescues of Jews during the
Holocaust. The culmination of his
efforts will come at the Nov. 6-7
conference in Boston which he will
chair. Conference organizers said
they hope to produce a book based
on the interchanges at the
Attention: Organizations
& Synagogues
Please forward all news releases and per-
sonal items to the
Jewish Floridian of South County
Main Office
P.O. Box 012973
Miami, Florida 33101
1 A-AAbot Answerfone offers:
"person to person service**
24 hours a day
A-AAbot Answerfone (305)586- 7400
213 N. Dixie Highway Lake Worth, FL 33460

Page 8 The Jewish Floridian of South County/Friday, November 7, 1986
1 I

USY Joins Crusade Against
Drugs, Alcohol Abuse
United Synagogue of America
(USA), the congregational branch
of Conservative Judaism, has join-
ed the national crusade against
drug abuse and alcoholism.
Franklin Kreutzer, 46, interna-
tional president of the two-milion-
member USA, called on all Con-
servative institutions and on the
Orthodox, Reform and
Reconstructionist synagogue
movements to admit that the pro-
blem of drug abuse and alcoholism
exists among Jews and to "open
the synagogue to appropriate,
recognized forms of counseling
and information-sharing
KREUTZER was one of 150
selected guests from all walks of
life and all religions invited to the
White House last week to attend
President Reagan's ceremonial
signing of the 1986 drug bill.
Reagan said the bill, enacted by
both Houses of Congress, "marks
a victory in our crusade against
drugs." He urged ''all
Americans" to be "strong in your
intolerance" of the illegal use of
Kreutzer urged a unfied ap-
proach to the problem by all bran-
ches of Judaism in the U.S. He
said that as a constituent member
of the Synagogue Council of
America, which represents all
branches, the USA will press for
creation of a task force to deter-
mine how individual synagogues
all over North America can help
Jewish individuals and families af-
flicted with substance abuse.
He also called on the established
rabbinic organizations to involve
themselves in helping families
cope with the problem of drugs
and alcoholism by participating in
and opening their facilities to
groups such as Alcoholics
Anonymous, Narcotics
Anonymous, Al-Anon, Al-Ateen
and Families Anonymous.
United Synagogue Youth, which
he described as the largest
organized religious youth group in
North America, will be urged to
consider various proposals for in-
corporating drug informational
projects into their various con-
ferences, meetings and
He said the National Youth
Commission of the USA will also
be called on to consider proposals
on an ongoing basis to keep the
flow of information available to
Conservative Jewish youths.
Kreutzer sent a message to the
Education Commission of the
U.S.A. urging the development of
family education programs to
stem rampant substance abuse.
He noted that this issue affects
not only children and adults as in-
dividuals, but tears families
asunder. The situation can be rec-
tified only by fortifying total fami-
ly structures with skills and in-
tervention that can have an im-
pact on each family member, he
Jews Join Pope's Prayers
For Peace in Assisi
ROME (JTA) Delega-
tions representing 12 of the
world's major religions of-
fered prayers for peace at
Assisi last Monday (Oct. 27),
each according to its own
tradition and in a multiplici-
ty of languages.
They gathered in that medieval
town at the invitation of Pope
John Paul II for an unprecedented
display of ecumenicity in the cause
of peace, and though each group
prayed separately, all were of a
single voice.
The Jewish delegation, headed
by Rome's Chief Rabbi Elio Toaff,
was the most visible, not because
of its numbers which were disap-
pointingly small, but because it
was the only faith that chose to
pray outdoors.
ABOUT 60 MEN, women and
children huddled together, sitting
or standing around a long brown
table in a cobblestoned alleyway,
facing a building that housed a
synagogue in the 14th Century.
The site was selected by Toaff,
in order, he said, "to be close to
the Jewish families who once lived
here and from whom Francis of
Assisi is said to have descended,
and whose doctrine was closely
related to and influenced by 11th-
Century German Judaism."
Toaff led a study session,
reading excerpts from the Torah,
Talmud and Mishneh relating to
various aspects of peace. The
Jewish group offered this prayer:
"Our God in heaven, the Lord of
Peace will have compassion and
mercy upon us and upon all the
peoples of the earth who implore
his mercy and his compassion,
asking for peace, seeking peace."
PRAYING simultaneously in
churches and buildings scattered
around the town were delegations
from the various Christian
denominations, Hindus, Moslems,
Buddhists, Jainists, Shintoists,
Unity and Diversity to be
Theme of CJF General Assembly
Sikhs, Zoroastrians and Bahai:
also Africans and American
The Jewish group was mainly
from Rome and other Italian com-
munities. There were 30 youths
from Rome's Jewish high school, a
couple from Florence, a Jew from
Paris, and a few Israelis. The
relatively small numbers of Jews
from abroad was attributed to the
Simchat Torah and Shemini
Atzeret holidays, during which
observant Jews do not travel.
But some of those present com-
plained to the Jewish Telegraphic
Agency over the dearth of Jewish
representation from the U.S.,
Europe and Israel. "They could
have come sooner and celebrated
Simchat Torah with us in Rome,"
said Oscar Laufer, a high school
Miriam di Castro, a young
member of WIZO, explained to
the JTA why she joined the group.
"I'm tired of politicized peace
rallies. It's a relief to be able to
join a Jewish group participating
in a worldwide prayer for peace
instead," she said.
THE PRAYER sessions ended
with the distribution of olive bran-
ches and plants by about 30
youths, including six Jewish
youngsters wearing blue and
white skull caps.
For "theological" and historic
reasons stemming from Vatican
Council II 20 years ago, the Jews
were included in the "Christian"
rather than the "non-Christian"
delegations. Thus they found
themselves in the forefront of the
final procession to the Basilica.
"The warmth with which we
were greeted on the way by the
Assisi townspeople, was excep-
tional," Dr. Joseph Lichten, the
Rome representative of the Anti-
Defamation League of B'nai
B'rith, said.
In the piazza, an Italian Bud-
dhist group broke out into the
Hebrew song, Hayveinu Shalom
Aleichem (We Welcome You).
NEW YORK, N.Y. In an en-
vironment that fosters religious
and political diversity, achieving
and maintaining greater Jewish
unity and continuity have become
a significant challenge for the
North American Jewish communi-
ty. Reflecting and taking up this
challenge, the 55th annual
General Assembly of the Council
of Jewish Federations, to be held
Nov. 12-16 in Chicago, will focus
on the theme "Klal Yisrael
Federation's Role in Building
The General Assembly which
will include a group of Fort
Lauderdale Federation's leader-
ship is the largest annual gather-
ing of North American Jewish
community leaders and will
feature plenaries, forums and
workshops on the theme and on a
wide range of topics of broad in-
terest and significance.
The theme will be addressed
directly by CJF President
Shoshana S. Cardin, who will
deliver the Keynote Address dur-
ing the opening Plenary on
Wednesday evening, Nov. 12.
On Thursday morning, Nov. 13,
Rabbi Harold Schulweis, scholar-
in-residence, will address a major
Symposium Plenary on the topic
"Klal Yisrael Challenges Fac-
ing North American Jewry in
Balancing Unity and Diversity."
This will be followed by four con-
current Symposiums designed to
explore the theme in greater
depth: "Building the Federation
Agenda in a Climate of Religious
Diversity," "Political Differences
and Jewish Unity on Public Social
Policy Issues," "Achieving a Na-
tional Consensus on Jewish Com-
munity Relations Issues" and
"Israel-Diaspora: Promoting
Global Jewish Unity."
Also addressing major plenary
sessions will be Vice President
George Bush, Hon. Shimon Peres
and, via satellite from Israel,
Natan Scharansky. Addressing
the Small Cities Opening Plenary
will be Reuben Greenberg, Chief
of Police of Charleston, South
Carolina, who was featured last
year on "60 Minutes."
This year's Assembly will in-
clude 15 forums, consisting of for-
mal presentations by experts and
panelists, with opportunities for
questions and answers. The
forums will deal with topics rang-
ing from the current situation of
Ethiopian Jewry ("A Community
Half Home, Half Waiting") to
"New Frontiers in Service
Delivery" for new populations at
risk, with special attention to the
"Jewish Poor and Near Poor" and
to "The Growing Problem of Ad-
diction in the Jewish
The challenge of building com-
munity will be examined from a
number of perspectives, in-
cluding: "Campaign as an Instru-
ment for Building Community,"
"World Jewry: Building a Global
Jewish Community," the role of
the CJF/CUNY North American
Jewish Data Bank in "Building an
Awareness of a National Jewish
Community" and "The Role of
Jewish Education in Building
Some forums, such as "Election
Analysis: Outlook for Israel and
Domestic Needs" and "State and
Local Elected Officials: Powerful
Allies for the Jewish Communi-
ty," will focus on domestic
politics, while others will be
devoted to timely problems in the
current world situation, such as
"Placing soviet Jewry on the
Summit II Agenda" and "The
Arab World: The Role of Ter-
rorism, Religion and Politics."
In addition, close to 100
workshops have been scheduled
throughout the Assembly for
discussion and interchange on a
wide variety of topics, including
the impact of Israel on North
American Jewish youth,
Federation-Synagogue relations,
anti-Semitism in America, adult
Jewish education, child day care,
hospice care, the implications of
the new tax laws, contemporary
Hebrew Free Loan Programs and
meeting the need6 of Jewish
singles, adolescents, college
students, the elderly, the poor and
near poor, the disabled and Soviet
Special events this year will in-
clude a rally in Grant Park to pro-
test the continued oppression of
Soviet Jewry; a special centennial
commemoration of the birth of
David Ben Gurion, featuring per-
sonal reminiscences by his grand-
son, Alon Ben Gurion, and a Shab-
bat lecture by Rabbi Lee Levine,
PhD., Professor of Jewish History
and Archeology at the Hebrew
University and Visiting Professor
at Harvard and Yale.
Candle Lighting Time
Nov. 7 5:18 p.m.
Religious Directory
Mae Volen Center, 1515 W. Palmetto Road (N.W. corner, east of
1-95), Boca Raton, Florida. Conservative. Phone (305) 994-8693 or
276-8804. Rabbi Nathan Zelizer; Cantor Mark Levi; President,
Joseph Boumans. Services held at the Jewish Federation, 336
N.W. Spanish River Blvd., Boca Raton; Friday evening at 8:15
p.m., Saturday at 9:30 a.m.
1401 N.W. 4th Ave., Boca Raton, Florida 33432. Conservative.
Phone 392-8566, Rabbi Theodore Feldman, Hazzan Donald
Roberts. Sabbath Services: Friday at 8:15 p.m., Saturday at 9:30
a.m. Family Shabbat Service 2nd Friday of each month.
Mailing Address: P.O. Box 2262, Boca Raton, Fla. 33427-2262.
Phone: 394-5732. President: Dr. Israel Bruk. Services Friday
evening 6:45 p.m. Shabbat morning 9:00 a.m. Mincha-Maariv 7:30
p.m. For additional information call above number or 393-6730.
16189 Carter Road 1 block south of Linton Blvd., Delray
Beach, Florida 33446. Orthodox. Rabbi Dr. Louis L. Sacks. Daily
Torah Seminar preceding services at 7:45 a.m. and 5 p.m. Sab-
bath and Festival Services 8:45 a.m. Sabbath Torah class 5 p.m.
Phone 499-9229.
Services at Center for Group Counseling, 22445 Boca Rio Road,
Boca Raton, Florida 33433. Reform. Rabbi Richard Agler. Cantor
Norman Swerling. Sabbath Services Friday at 8 p.m., Saturday
at 10:15 a.m. Mailing address: 8177 W. Glades Road, Suite 214,
Boca Raton, FL 33434. Phone 483-9982. Baby sitting available
during services.
Located in Century Village of Boca Raton. Orthodox. Rabbi
David Weissenberg. Cantor Jacob Resnick. President Edward
Sharzer. For information on services and educational classes and
programs, call 482-0206 or 482-7156.
7099 West Atlantic Ave., Delray Beach, Florida 33446. Conser-
vative. Phone 495-0466 and 495-1300. Rabbi Morris Silberman.
Cantor Louis Hershman. Sabbath Services: Friday at 8 p.m.,
Saturday at 8:30 a.m. Daily services 8:30 a.m. and 5 p.m.
333 S.W. Fourth Avenue, Boca Raton, Florida 33432. Reform.
Phone: 391-8900. Rabbi Merle E. Singer, Assistant Rabbi
Gregory S. Marx, Cantor Martin Rosen. Shabbat Eve Services at
8 p.m. Family Shabbat Service at 8 p.m. 2nd Friday of each
month, Saturday morning services 10:30 a.m.
Mailing Address: P.O. Box 340015, Boca Raton, FL 33434. Con-
servative. Located in Century Village, Boca. Daily Services 8 a.m.
and 5 p.m. Saturday 8:45 a.m. and 5:15 p.m., Sunday 8:30 a.m.
and 5 p.m. Rabbi Donald David Crain. Phone: 483-5557. Joseph
M. Pollack, Cantor.
5780 West Atlantic Ave., Delray Beach, Florida 33445. Conser-
vative. Phone: 498-3536. Rabbi Elliot J. Winograd. Zvi Adler,
Cantor. Sabbath Services: Friday at 8 p.m., Saturday at 8:45 a.m.
Daily Minyans at 8:45 a.m. and 5 p.m.
2475 West Atlantic Ave. (Between Congress Ave. and Barwick
Road), Delray Beach, Florida 33445. Reform. Sabbath Eve. ser-
vices, Friday at 8:15 p.m. Sat., 10 a.m. Rabbi Samuel Silver,
phone 276-6161. Cantor Elaine Shapiro.

Friday, November 7, 1986/The Jewish Floridian of South County Page 9
POC's Father Says His Son
Is Being Denied Medical Aid
Broadway and television star Bonnie
Franklin will team up with violinist Itzhak
Perlman to host the first five episodes of
'Shalom Sesame.' Perlman is a native-born
Israeli, and it will be a 'homecoming'for him
as he sits with friends in a street cafe on
Dizengoff. Franklin will be a first-time
tourist, exploring the sites and sounds of
'Sesame Street'
Set To Appear in Israeli Version
Continued from Page 5-a
the side of Israel often over-
shadowed by evening newscasts:
the Israel which blends an ancient
and modern culture, beautiful
landscapes and rich traditions,
and the Israel of warm friends,
neighborhood, and tolerance.
Family Magazine has also been
created for children and their
parents in order to reinforce and
extend the curriculum goals of the
series. Produced with the same
high standards set by CTW's
other publications such as the
"Sesame Street" and "3-2-1 Con-
tact" magazine, the full-color,
brightly-designed, 40-page
magazine has been conceived,
written, edited, and designed by
[ the very best of CTW's creative
staff, with the assistance of Israeli
photographers, artists, and
Jewish educational advisers.
The major purpose of the
magazine is to provide a bridge
between American and Israeli
children, and make "Shalom
Sesame's" transition from Israel
more meaningful to American
non-Hebrew speaking audiences.
Related activities, stories and
games can reinforce what was
presented on the programs or,
perhaps, more important, enable
parents and their children to ex-
plore together the culture, tradi-
tion, and language presented in
the series, even after the viewing
is over.
JOAN GANZ Cooney, president
of CTW, said, 'Shalom Sesame'
is an important experiment since
Tradition: What Has Happened
To It in Spanish Tradition?
Continued from Page 5
it is the first foreign co-production
of 'Sesame Street' to be adapted
for American audiences."
CTW is making arrangements
for the American Friends of
Rechov Sumsum (a volunteer
group of American supporters) to
serve as distributor for "Shalom
Sesame." The American Friends
organization is planning to have
these five shows and the family
magazine available as a home
video project through ar-
rangements with Boards of
Jewish Education, Federations,
and other national organizations
in select cities across the country.
Eli Evans, president of the
Charles H. Revson Foundation,
the major contributor to the pro-
ject, said: "Everyone interested in
creating bridges of understanding
between American children and
children all over the world will be
interested in this project. 'Shalom
Sesame' is one great step toward
cross-cultural understanding."
Dr. Vladimir Magarik, the
father of Jewish Prisoner of
Conscience Aleksei
Magarik, said in a press con-
ference here last Thursday
that his son is being denied
medical attention after he
was brutally beaten in the
Siberian labor camp where
he is serving a three-year
sentence on trumped-up
charges of ''drug
Dr. Magarik said that he spoke
on the phone with his son's wife,
Natasha, in Moscow, who inform-
ed him that Aleksei has a severely
cut lip as a result of the vicious
beating he suffered when he
refused to join the labor camp's in-
ternal police.
"My son was beaten because I
am a citizen of Israel and because
he applied to leave for Israel. He
is considered an 'enemy of the
state' because his father has an
Israeli passport," Dr. Magarik
HE POINTED out, however,
that his son, a 28-year-old cellist
and a father of a baby boy, was
transferred from the section for
hardened criminals in the camp to
a section of less dangerous
The press conference was spon-
sored by the University Service
Department of the American
Zionist Youth Foundation and the
Coalition to Free Soviet Jews.
The press conference also mark-
ed the conclusion of a two-month
visit here by Dr. Magarik and his
daughter Chana to publicize the
plight of Aleksei, particularly
among students and young people
across the United States. The visit
was sponsored by the University
Service Department of the AZYF,
the North American Jewish
Students Network, and the Stu-
dent Struggle for Soviet Jewry.
During their visit, Dr. Magarik
and his daughter undertook a
bicycle "Freedom Ride for
Aleksei." "We traveled more than
1,000 miles on bicycles across the
U.S. as well as tens of thousands
of miles or more on planes and
car," Dr. Magarik said. He said
that he and his daughter were
very encouraged by the support
they encountered by thousands of
young Americans on behalf of the
plight of Aleksei.
tan Borough President, who also
addressed the press conference,
said that he sent cables to
Aleksander Rekunkov, the Soviet
Procurator-General, with copies
to Soviet Leader Mikhail Gor-
bachev as well as President
Reagan demanding the release of
"I also hope to travel to the
Soviet Union as soon as possible
to meet with officials and per-
sonally plead the case of Aleksei
Magarik and other refuseniks and
Prisoners of Conscience," Dinkins
said. In the meantime, he added,
"We demand that he (Aleksei)
receive humane treatment in
keeping with international ac-
cords. It is absolutely intolerable
for a political prisoner to be
beaten while in state custody and
then be denied medical treatment
for his injuries."
Aleksei first applied for permis-
sion to go to Israel in 1981. His
visa application has been
repeatedly denied. His father and
sister have been living in Israel
since 1982.
Money Won't
Change Cabbie
anybody's standards, Sasson Naf-
tali, a taxi driver from Tirat
HaCarmel near Haifa is a big win-
ner. He hit the jackpot in the na-
tional lottery last Wednesday. His
$5 investment brought him a
return of $900,000.
Naftali, 43, who is of Iraqi
origin, has been playing the lot-
tery for years. He never scored
big but never gave up he told
reporters at his two bedroom flat.
Asked if he would share his win-
nings with his five children, 11
brothers and sisters and his
parents, Naftali replied, "My
children will have to work to make
everyone was crying," recalls
Benzacquan. The responsibilities
of marriage and family life are
regarded with the utmost
seriousness, he explains.
AFTER THE glass is broken,
the family retires to eat a special
ceremonial feast at which hymns
of praise are sung to honor the
young couple.
The Castillian marriage con-
tract, used by the Jews of Spanish
Morocco, is unusual as well. First
of all, explains Benzacquan, it con-
tains modifications which en-
courage the cause of women's
rights. For example, a Castillian
ketuba states that the wife may in-
herit directly from her husband's
estate, so that in the event of
widowhood she will have her own
money and will not need to depend
on her children for support. The
ketuba also lists, in detail, the
lineage of both the bride and
groom. After the wedding it is
taken to the mother of the bride's
home and hidden there.
Following the wedding
President Elected
Eleanor Fraenkel has been
elected president of the Jewish
Federation of Greater Baton
Rouge, succeeding Bill Emmich.
ceremony, the bride and groom go
to their new home. Behind the
door a bottle of milk, oil and sugar
are left as good omens for the
house. "It is also traditional for
the bride to bring the couples mat-
tresses," adds Benzacquan. He
and his wife followed both of these
The wedding celebration is
followed up with a week of gala
feasting. "In old Tangier each
night of Sheva Brachot, or Seven
Blessings, was used as an occasion
to honor a different group in the
community. One night was for the
Chevra Kadisha, another night for
neighbors, another night for the
"poor," says Benzacquan.
happy that they decided to marry
in the traditional style. Departing
from tradition, however, Benzac-
quan made sure to see the lineage
on his ketuba which begins with a
well-known kabbalist who surviv-
ed the Spanish Inquisition and
was reputed to have had daily con-
versations with the prophet
The Benzacquans are proud to
have preserved the flavor of old
Morocco and relish occasions
when they can reenact and/or
resurrect old customs and tradi-
tions. "I'm just waiting for the
Brit Mila of my son," says Ben-
zacquan with a grin.
"Create Land From Sand"

DO YOU HAVE a share in the redemption of
HAVE YOU MADE your contribution to the
Enclosed is my gift of: $___________

All contributions to JNF are tax deductible.
420 Lincoln Road Suite 353 Miami Beach. Florida 33139 Phone: S3&6464

Page 10 The Jewish Floridian of South County/Friday, November 7, 1986
// Syria Attacks
Israel May Well Use Tactical Nukes
The Reykjavik summit and
its aftermath have focused
worldwide attention on the
difficulties of curbing the
nuclear arsenals of the two
superpowers. In recent
weeks, however, reports of
Israel's nuclear capability
have provided grist for
various journalistic mills
and generating speculation
among Middle East
The Sunday Times of London
originally brought this subject to
public attention with its front
page story, including a photo iden-
tified as "the nerve center of the
bomb factory." The newspaper ac-
count attributed no fewer than
100 nuclear weapons to Israel.
the details of Israel's purported
nuclear capability, have surfaced
for more than a decade now. with
CIA sources having estimated
that Israel possessed some six to
10 devices at the time of the 1973
Yom Kippur War.
Coincidentally, the latest revela-
tion came shortly before Syria had
been conclusively identified by the
British Government as having
directed the aborted plot to
destroy an El Al airliner and only
a short time after reports of a con-
tinuing military build-up by Syria
aimed at Israel.
The link between these three
developments has not been ade-
quately appreciated. Until now,
Israel's ability to deter Arab ag-
gression has been discussed in
terms of a conventional response
to be fought with the usual mix of
tanks, planes and infantry.
FOR ISRAEL, this meant con-
taining initial attacks with a small
Jews To Be
California-based author who
denies the validity of the
Holocaust and a
Massachusetts carpenter
are teaming up to create a
garden that they say will
honor "those Jews who
have spoken out against the
cult of Zionism ..."
Dubbed a "Garden of Remem-
brance for Righteous Hebrews,"
the exibit is scheduled for comple-
tion next spring in Vineyard
Haven, Mass., a community on the
island of Martha's Vineyard. Ac-
cording to its organizers, it will
honor 11 Jews known for their
anti-Zionist activities.
They include Prof. Noam Chom-
sky of the Massachusetts Institute
of Technology and Rabbi Elmer
Berger, founder of the American
Jewish Alternatives to Zionism.
the most prolific purveyors in the
U.S. of articles denying the
veracity of the Holocaust, is in-
itiator of the project. He said it is
a means to "reciprocate the
generous spirit of Yad Vashem,"
the Holocaust memorial in
Jerusalem that features a garden
honoring "righteous gentiles"
who saved Jews from the Nazis.
No sarcasm is intended in the
anti-Zionist garden, according to
David Wayfield, a 63-year-old
carpenter who owns the wooded
site on which the garden is
"The Jews we have chosen are
brave people and deserve to be
honored," he told The Advocate.
regular army and then, following
full mobilization within 48-72
hours, moving swiftly to destroy
attacking formations on Arab ter-
ritory a so-called "counter-
force" strategy.
However, with the growth of
sophisticated Syrian air defenses,
significant increases in the
number tanks and artillery, and,
most recently, the acquisition of
accurate Soviet surface to surface
missiles, Israel's ability to deter
has been weakened. These
changes in the military balance
along with the extensive defense
line now in place on the routes to
Damascus, would make an Israeli
counteroffensive a much more
costly and lengthy operation.
Given these new circumstances,
a quick grab by Syria of all or part
of the Golan Heights followed by
Soviet pressure for an immediate
ceasefire before Israel could
regain captured territory is an in-
creasing possibility.
As Israel's conventional deter-
rent strength is called into ques-
tion, a new scenario must be ad-
dressed not only by Syria, but by
the United States and the Soviet
Union, the substitution of a
nuclear deterrent for a conven-
tional one.
FOR YEARS now, Israeli
leaders have stuck to a standard
response that Israel would not be
the first to introduce nuclear
weapons into the Middle East.
And it has generally been
understood, and reinforced by
events during the Yom Kippur
War, that Israel would use
nuclear weapons as a last resort to
"prevent Masada from falling
again," or, in more modern terms,
from having its population center
At this point, it would certainly
be prudent for Syria to consider as
it moves toward strategic parity
with Israel that, under certain cir-
cumstances, Israel might be temp-
ted to use small yield tactical
nuclear weapons to defeat a
Syrian attack instead of expen-
ding lives to do so. The lack of a
similar Syrian nuclear capability
adds credibility to this scenario.
So while it is still useful for
analysts to count the number of
men, aircraft, tanks and artillery
available to both sides, it would
also be timely for all nations with
a stake in a future Syrian-Israeli
conflict to ponder how best to pre-
vent any Syrian miscalculation
which could have incalculable
Dr. Gordon Tucker (left), dean of the Rabbinical School at the
Jewish Theological Seminary of America, chats with Benjamin
R. Civiletti, former Attorney General of the United States, who
spoke on 'Law's Role in Shaping Society, 'first lecture xn a series
on 'Pursuing Justice: Law, Ethics, and the Public Good,' The
series is one of a number of public programs being presented by
the Seminary in celebration of its centennial year.
Salvadorans Thank Israeli Aides
Continued from Page 4-
El Diario De Hoy with a short
story on their efforts to help.
"WE BELIEVE that such ef-
forts by Israelis can help Israeli's
image around the world. Israel is
pictured as a militaristic state. We
want to show the true face of the
people of Israel who care about
human life and are ready to ex-
tend humanitarian help wherever
and whenever needed," said
Rubin, who is a member of Kib-
butz Hulata, north of the Sea of
Galilee. Rappaport, a member of
Kibbutz Beit Alfa in the Jezreel
Valley, nodded in agreement.
The two said they were late in
reaching El Salvador because it
took time to raise money for the
trip. They said the Israel Agency
to Save Human Lives, which spon-
sored their trip, is newly formed
and has almost no financial
resources at present. "Originally
we had a team of four with a
doctor and an expert on rescue
dogs but for financial reasons
we had to do with only a two-
member rescue team," they said.
Dial Station (1 *) charges apply These charges do not apply to person-lo-person, coin, hotel guest, calling card, collect calls caHs charged to another number, or to time a
charge calls Rates subject to change Daytime rates are higher Rates do not retted applicable federal, state and local taxes Applies to mtra-LATA long distance calls only

Friday, November 7, 1986/The Jewish Floridian of South County Page 11
Said To Equate All Religions
Anne Frank Court Ruling Spurs Protest
Continued from Page 1
khools and libraries. The Center
Jls for the reaffirmation of the
)iary' as a vital tool for education
nd understanding."
I Joining in the appeal were W.
fhomas Osborne, U.S. director of
he Anne Frank Foundation; the
(on. Joop Den Uyl, former Prime
Sinister of The Netherlands; Sen.
^lfonse D'Amato (R., N.Y.);
(ayor Edward Koch of New
fork; Bishop Philip Cousin, presi-
lent of the National Council of
Churches; Rabbi Mark Tanen-
aum, International Director of
he American Jewish Committee;
nd a group of prominent actors,
[laywrights and authors.
Red Cross
Bars Israel's
Magen David
Continued from Page 1
lymbolic of Jewish history,
Ireativity and Jewish suffering, as
pell as being a religious symbol,
i are the red cross and crescent.
"To our regret, we encountered
lack of readiness and
misunderstanding and even the
ime political hostility which was
nd still is manifested against the
[mancipation of the Jewish people
a nation," Eliav said. Non-
ecognition of the Israeli symbol
[iolates the principles of the inter-
national humanitarian movement,
|e said.
HE WARNED that "The revis-
statutes will further aggravate
le situation by crystallizing even
nore the imposition of two
religious and civilizational
tmblems on our global
kumanitarian movement."
Another strong dissent was
[oiced by Daniel Lack, represen-
Jtive of the World Jewish Con-
ress, which has observer status
It the conference. "The use of the
[mblems associated in the eyes of
iny with the two great religions
\i Christianity and Islam en-
shrines the religious polarization
tiat propels the emblem crisis into
lprecedented proportions of
ravity," he said.
"The joint and exclusive use of
ie Red Cross and Red Crescent
the very title of the movement
. renders permanent an anoma-
which contradicts the letter and
spirit of the Red Cross
philosophy by the reciprocal and
lutual reinforcement of these
signs as the symbol of
[eligious polarization and ex-
llusivism," Lack said.
Brazil Protest
. Jewish leaders in Brazil have
protested an agreement between
he PLO and the 6,500-student
4ethodist University of
firacicaba for "cultural ex-
changes" and co-operation in
rdemocratic, anti-imperialist,
Miti-Ziontat struggle" (Associated
Press, Oct. 7). The wire service
loted that increased activity by
lhe organization on Latin
American campuses "comes as
he PLO's influence in Europe has
*en hurt by a backlash against
^rab terrorism."
New Director
new executive director of the
jolda Meir Association is Beryl
Iichaels succeeding David
reilich, who will work for the
p^sociation in Israel as well as
fstablish a desk for American af-
fairs for the Israeli Labor Party. *
ELI WALLACH, the actor,
who performed in the stage ver-
sion of "The Diary of Anne
Frank," told the Jewish
Telegraphic Agency at the press
conference that "to counter this
thing" he would work with the
Center to help raise funds to pay
legal expenses to appeal Hull's
decision. Wallach said the Ten-
nessee ruling was a blow to
pluralism in American schools.
"Could you imagine if a Jewish or
Moslem child" refused to read
books considered objectionable?
he asked.
In reply to a question, he said he
believed the Reagan Administra-
tion contributed to the Tennessee
case by its indication "that the left
liberals have been forbidding
religion in the schools."
Sheldon Hamick, lyricist of
"Fiddler on the Roof," and
playwrights Wendy Wasserstein
and Christopher Durang, affirmed
their determination to speak out
on behalf of "Anne Frank" as well
as the freedom to read and learn
in accordance with the liberties
guaranteed by the United States
JOHANNA REISS? author of
"The Upstairs Room," a book
about her own experiences as a
Jewish child hiding in Holland
during the war, said, "I wonder if
our children are not supposed to
know there really was a World
War II." She said her book has
been removed from libraries in the
Osborne observed, "The
message of Anne Frank has
lifted her up as a symbol of one
among millions, and as an inno-
cent child among the worst cen-
sorship the contents of her
message (is) that she sees
goodness in humanity."
Osborne added, "America is not
a Christian nation. That's a
dangerous proposition for anyone
to put forth. America is a safe
haven for Christian believers and
people of all faiths ..."
High-Tech Industrial Park Planned for Galilee
UJA Press Service
JERUSALEM One of the
most exciting ideas for Israel's
development is Hevel Alpa'im
- Region 2000. It aims at br-
inging 100,000 Jews to the
mountains of the central
Galilee, and setting up one of
the most sophisticated science-
based industrial parks in the
"Hevel Alpa'im is a com-
pletely new idea," says
Yehuda Dekel, director of the
Jewish Agency's settlement
department. "We are going to
develop a world-standard in-
dustrial park, to the smallest
detail, and have it fully opera-
tional by the year 2000."
Although planners are still
working out a few of those
"smallest details," the general
structure of the plan is well
defined. According to Orli
Gilat, chief of the Hevel
Alpa'im planning team, the
new region will be a
thoroughly integrated system
of commerce, industry and
social organization.
Unlike other industrial parks
around the world, Hevel
Alpa'im is planning the entire
region. Science-based in-
dustries are being selected on
a number of criteria for com-
patibility, projected produc-
tivity and usefulness. Com-
munities for workers
employed in these industries
are being planned villages
and towns that will appeal to
technically-oriented Jews who
will insist on a superior quality
of life. Then, a comprehensive
communication system will be
set in to ensure efficient
highway links to both work
and community facilities such
as schools, hospitals and shop-
ping districts.
Already part of this in-
frastructure exists, Ms. Gilat
said. "We envision the town of
Carmiel as the main popula-
tion center and th* provider of
the high quality community
services. Of the two
subregions Tefen and Segev
Segev today is in a position
to absorb 3,000 new families.
Most of the professionals liv-
ing there today commute to
work in Haifa, but as high-
tech, science-based industries
open in Hevel Alpa'im they
will be absorbed there very
The massive program receiv-
ed Jewish Agency approval
earlier this year, and it plans
to devote much of its develop-
ment budget to the project
through the coming decade.
Simultaneously, they would
open a new economic base
which promises to attract
more professional immigrants,
strengthen Israel's balance of
payments and provide
challenging employment for
the many science and technical
graduates of Israeli univer-
sities. The Region 2000 con-
cept originated with Prof.
Ephraim Katzir, a President of
Israel, but didn't quickly take
root, Foreign consultants
tinkered with it. Committees
debated its merits. En-
thusiasm was slow. Then, one
day, Ms. Gilat, a planner at-
tached to the Jewisn Agency's
Haifa office, took private in-
terest in the former Presi-
dent's idea. She gathered all
the plans, theories, charts and
maps and took them home.
Night after night, she organiz-
ed them, refined tlem, and
then converted the~<; ideas to
plans for road layouts, in-
dustrial site development,
water and electrical in-
frastructure, and all the other
elements of physically creating
a new community.
Think of the
Future Today
Another Smart
Investment and more
Pre-Arrangements at Beth Israel Rubin
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When Prof. Katzir saw the
new plans, he gave them his
blessing. So did the Jewish
Agency's leaders, and today
Ms. Gilat works on her design
on "company time" with an
entire team at her disposal.
News Briefs
NEW YORK A $1 postage stamp honoring Dr. Bernard
Revel, the first president of the institution that later became
Yeahiva University, was issued by the U.S. Postal Service in a
special ceremony Sept. 23 at the University's Midtown Center in
NEW YORK The Jewish Labor Committee reports that a
resolution condemning the Soviet Union for "consistently and
deliberately not delivering mail to certain of its citizens, notably
Soviet Jews and others expressing a desire to emigrate," was
passed by the American Postal Workers Union AFL-CIO at its re-
cent convention in San Francisco.
BALTIMORE State of Israel Bonds sales in 1986 totaled
$332,957,000. This represented a $51 million increase over the
same eight-month period last year and $110 million over the
similar period in 1984.
NEW YORK The People's Republic of the Congo has
apologized for remarks by its Foreign Minister alleging a
resemblance between Israel and South Africa and Nazi Germany.
The apology was sent to the U.S. Representative to the United
Nations, Vernon Walters, who had lodged a strong protest
against the analogy.
NEW YORK "Connections: The Odyssey of a Jewish
Children's Book" will be the theme of the Third Jewish Children's
Book Conference, to be conducted by the JWB Jewish Book Coun-
cil on Thursday, Nov. 13, at the UJA-Federation Building. 130 E
59 St.
ISRAELI DEFENSE Minister Yitzhak Rabin declared that
Israel would not appear at any international conference to discuss
the Middle East at which the Soviet Union would participate
unless one of two conditions are met. These are, "restoring
diplomatic relations with Israel and, even more important, open-
ing the gates of the Soviet Union to free emigration for Soviet
Jews," Rabin said in a speech to the Heritage Foundation.
"Without the Soviet Union doing one of these two conditions we
cannot see any international forum in which the Soviet Union is
included and in which peace is discussed," he said.
(REG. $3,200)
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Page 12 The Jewish Floridian of South County/Friday, November 7, 1986
Pros Are Furious
Political Jobs for the Few
Brandeis U. Sells Stock
In S. Africa-Related Co.'s
Foreign service profes-
sionals are furious with
Shimon Peres, who took of-
fice as Foreign Minister two
weeks ago, for what they
see as political appoint-
ments tnd preferential
treatment for a selected few
in his efforts to reorganize
the Ministry.
They are also angry with
Premier Yitzhak Shamir for alleg-
ed cronyism in last-minute ap-
pointments and promotions he
made before switching jobs with
Peres under the Labor-Likud
rotation of power agreement.
Peres ran into an increasingly
bitter conflict with the Foreign
Ministry Staff Committee which
threatened to lodge a complaint
with the Supreme Court over his
decision to divide the office of
Foreign Ministry Director
THE DECISION, approved by
the Cabinet, was to appoint
Avraham Tamir Director General
and former Cabinet Secretary
Yossi Beilin as Political Director
General. Tamir, who served as
Director General of the Prime
Minister's Office under Peres, ac-
cepted the dual appointment
It was necessary in order to
create a senior Foreign Ministry
post for Beilin, a close Labor Par-
ty associate of' Peres, whose
nomination to be Israel's next
Ambassador to Washington was
vetoed by Likud. Peres himself
has not concealed his anger over
the cool reception he received
from career diplomats when he
assumed his new office. As a
result, he is working mainly with
his own political staff to the exclu-
sion of Foreign Ministry profes-
sionals and this has further arous-
ed the ire of the professionals.
They also balked at Peres' in-
sistence that Minister-Without-
Portfolio Ezer Weizman and his
aides be housed within the
Foreiam Ministry Drecincts. Weiz-
man previously served under
Peres in the Prime Ministers Of-
fice as liaison for Arab affairs.
no less bitter over Shamir's reap-
pointment for an additional two
years of nine political Am-
bassadors, men from outside the
foreign service who were installed
in embassies abroad when Shamir
was Prime Minister in the Likud-
led government in 1984, before
the national unity coalition was
They are uncomfortable with
Shamir's decision to grant the
personal rank of Ambassador to
six Foreign Ministry officials
widely seen as his personal
friends, at the expense of more
senior, experienced diplomats.
Peres himself is unhappy with
Shamir's appointments. Some
observers believe that his shared
grievances with the professionals
in those cases will eventually lead
to a rapprochement between the
new Foreign Minister and the
Ministry staff.
WALTHAM, Mass. (JTA) -
For the second time in a month,
Brandeis University has sold
stock in South Africa-related com-
panies found not to be in com-
pliance with the university's in-
vestment policies.
The three companies whose
stock sales were announced by
Brandeis President Evelyn
Handler are Exxon Corp.,
Chevron and Mobil Corp. The
total value of the stocks is approx-
imately $500,000, nearly 20 per-
cent of the university's holdings in
companies doing business in
South Africa.
THIS SALE, coupled with last
month's sale of about $200,000 of
investments in Reynolds and
Reynolds Company,
Schlumberger Ltd. and Union
Camp Corp., brings Brandeis
divestment actions to approx-
imately $700,000 within the past
four weeks.
The remaining portfolio in-
vested in American companies do-
ing business in South Africa
amounts to about $2 million, ap-
proximately 1.5 percent of the
university's $130 million
"These companies, Exxon,
Chevron, and Mobil, are highly
rated regarding their compliance
with the Sullivan Principles,"
Handler said in announcing the
divestment action. "There is,
however, a very high likelihood
that they are not in compliance
with another university invest-
ment policy concerning corpora-
tions or their subsidiaries that
provide services to the South
African government or its
IN 1979 the Board of Trustees
adopted a statement of principles
to guide the university's decisions
concerning holdings in corpora-
tions doing business in South
Africa. In those principles, three
categories of corporations were
identified for monitoring or possi-
ble divestment.
One of those categories included
corporations or their subsidiaries
"that make products for or pro-
vide services to the military or
police organizations or to any
agency of the government of
South Africa that are used in a
substantial way to implement or
enforce the apartheid system."
I' i
War on Terrorism
Will Aid Middle
East Peace
TEL AVIV (JTA) Foreign
Minister Shimon Peres
distinguished between the Arab-
Israeli conflict and the war
against international terrorism
last Tuesday (Oct. 27), but sug-
gested that the latter will benefit
the peace process in the Middle
Peres hailed as "courageous"
and "correct" Britain's severance
of diplomatic relations with Syria
because of the alleged involve-
- ment of the Syrian Embassy in
London in the attempt by Jorda-
nian national Nezar Hindawi to
plant a suitcase loaded with ex-
plosives aboard an El Al airliner
at Heathrow Airport in London
last Apr. 17.
PERES SAID, in an Israel
Radio interview, "In my opinion,
we must distinguish and differen-
tiate between the Arab-Israeli
conflict and the war against inter-
national terrorism. The two
should not be linked together."
But "in the final analysis, the
fact that the war against interna-
tional terrorism is developing now
will also benefit the peace process
in the Middle East." However,
Peres stressed, "first of all, we
must clip the wings of this horri-
ble violence, which is of a Satanic
He referred to the ruthlessness
of Hindawi who gave the suitcase
bomb to his unknowing Irish
woman friend, Anne-Marie Mur-
phy, who was pregnant at the
x time with his child, to take aboard
the aircraft which was about to
leave for Tel Aviv with 375
"I believe that the English deci-
sion is courageous, correct, and
even though not many followed in
its steps, I hope that it will mark
the correct path in the war
against terrorism," Peres said.
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