The Jewish Floridian of South County

Material Information

The Jewish Floridian of South County
Portion of title:
Jewish Floridian
Added title page title:
Jewish Floridian of South Broward
Place of Publication:
Boca Raton, Fla
F.K. Shochet.
Creation Date:
April 29, 1983
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ;


Subjects / Keywords:
Jewish newspapers -- Florida ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Boca Raton (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Palm Beach County (Fla.) ( lcsh )
newspaper ( marcgt )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Palm Beach -- Boca Raton


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 1, no. 1 (Dec. 14, 1979)-
General Note:
The Apr. 20, 1990 issue of The Jewish Floridian of South County is bound in and filmed with v. 20 of The Jewish Floridian of South Broward.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
Copyright Fred K. Shochet. Permission granted to University of Florida to digitize and display this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Resource Identifier:
44560186 ( OCLC )
sn 00229543 ( LCCN )

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Related Item:
Jewish Floridian


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Full Text
tU&rtsti Flcridiar
Of South County
Serving Boca Raton, Defray Beach and Highland Beach
Volume 5- Number 17
Boca Raton, Florida Friday, April 29,1983
Price 35 Cents
Campaign Over $2,550,000
Abby Levine, General Cam-
paign Chairman announces that
the 1983 Federation-UJA drive
has reached over $2,550,000 in
the Regular Campaign. The
Special Fund is approaching
Levine expressed the opinion
that he expects the Regular
Campaign to reach $2,700,000 by
the close of the campaign at the
end of June.
"Our drive is showing
tremendous vitality and excite-
ment in its closing days. I am
pleased that our volunteers are
not slackening and are working
right down to the wire," Levine
Levine stressed that the
campaign is still in full swing in
many neighborhoods including
Loggers Run, Wood Lake. Boca
Bath and Tennis, plus many of
the area condominiums.
Holtzman Urges U.S. Examine
Nation's Business Ties to Nazis
Z "CHOR: Hitler wanted to exterminate the entire Jewish race. The
Nazis dnamt of a museum in honor of the extinct Jewish race. But
nearly Id vears later, the Jews have survived. Here a survivor prays in
the morning during the American Gathering of Jewish Holocaust
Survivors held in Washington, D.C., earlier this month.
Reagan Promises A Secure Israel
Wiesel 'Be Faithful To Israel'
The security of America and
Israel, the two "safe havens" for
Jews, will never be compromised.
President Reagan promised more
than l").OO0 people recently at-
tending American Gathering of
Jewish Holocaust Survivors in
mton. D.C. After Reag-
an's speech, Elie Wiesel. survivor
and author, rebuffed Reagan's
policies toward Israel, saying
that "Israel is threatened mili-
tarily by her enemies and politi-
cally by her friends."
In his speech, Reagan also
called upon the Soviet Union to
tell what happened to Raoul Wal-
lenberg whom the President
called one of the moral giants of
our time.'' Wallenberg, a Swede
who helped save 1.000s of Jews
by giving them protective
papers was arrested by the Rus-
sians in Budapest and may still
be alive in a Soviet Union Gulag.
The President thanked the
Holocaust survivors, more than
11,000 attended the gathering,
About This Issue
Six separate stories as well as extensive photo
coverage concerning the American Gathering of
Jewish Holocaust Survivors in Washington, D.C,
appear in this issue of the Floridian. Because of the
importance of this unique and historical gathering, the
Jewish Floridian in cooperation with the Floridian of
Fort Lauderdale and Hollywood assigned Andrew
Polin, a local reporter, to cover this story.
His reports are more than a mirror of daily occurences.
They reflect the voices of our past and of Jewish
history. We urge our readers to bring special attention
to this issue.
for choosing America as their
second home. "Our most sacred
task now is insuring that the
memory of this greatest of
human tragedies, the Holocaust,
never fades, that its lessons are
not forgotten." said Reagan, who
was accompanied to the Capital
Centre by First Lady Nancy
"We must see to it that the im-
measurable pain of the Holocaust
is not dehumanized, that it is not
examined clinically and dispas-
sionately, that its significance is
not lost on this generation, or any
future generation. "Though it is
now a dry scar, we cannot let the
bleeding wound be forgotten," he
said. Reagan's hardline position
toward Israel was rebuffed by
Wiesel, chairman of the U.S.
Holocaust Memorial Council.
Wiesel said there was "only
one land and one people ready to
embrace us" when the "entire
Continued on Page 13
(JTA) Congress has
been urged by former Rep.
Elizabeth Holtzman to
authorize the establishment
of a special commission
with subpoena powers "to
examine what our govern-
ment did with Hitler's
henchmen here."
Holtzman, who is presently
District Attorney Of Brooklyn,
was referring to the Nazi war
criminals hired by U.S. govern-
ment agencies after World War
II and helped by them to escape
justice. The former member of
Congress from New York
delivered greetings and the
opening address at the plenary
session of the American Gather-
ing of Holocaust Survivors here,
marking the 40th anniversary of
the Warsaw Ghetto uprising.
attended last week by more than
15,000 Jewish Holocaust sur-
vivors and their children. Many
of them were guests at a
Congressional breakfast at the
Capitol, where they met with
more than a dozen Senators and
Representatives from their home
states and districts. The plenary
session was followed by a series
of panel discussions. One of the
most important topics, to which
most of the day was devoted, was
the special role of the children of
survivors and its many ramifi-
Holtzman, who called for "a
relentless war against anti-
Semitism" because "we must in-
sist on the right of Jewish sur-
vival," said that Klaus Barbie,
the "butcher of Lyons," now
awaiting trial in a French prison,
is not the only Nazi murderer
helped by the U.S. government.
She said the government hired
more than 20 Nazi war criminals
after World War II with full
knowledge of the charges against
Holtzman, who as a member of
Congress spearheaded the drive
to root out former Nazis living in
the U.S. who obtained American
citizenship by lying about their
past activities, stressed that
those Nazis still at large in the
U.S. must be brought to justice
SHE SAID the US. must call
on Canada and on the Latin
American countries to act
similarly with respect to Nazi war
criminals within their borders.
European countries also must be
made to exert greater efforts in
that direction, she said.
Other speakers at the plenary
session expressed appreciation to
the U.S. for having provided a
haven and opportunities for
Holocaust survivors. They
praised the heroism not only of
the defenders of the Warsaw
Ghetto but of Jews who resisted
the Nazis in many other parts of
Some of the panel discussion
topics were on the "Integration
of the Children of Survivors into
Society," "Creative Responses to
the Holocaust," and "Anti-
Semitism in America."
Schindler Leads U.S. Delegation to Warsaw Memorial
- Kabbi Alexander
achindler, president of the
Union of American Hebrew
Congregations, led a dele-
ption of 24 Reform Jewish
'eaders to Poland to attend
wemonies marking the
anniversary of the
Warsaw Ghetto
last week.
Our presence cannot be con-
strued as support for the present
1 Svernment there or as endorse-
ment of the suppression of
""man rights in Poland,"
^mndler said.
. jkttar, our purpose is to
wajrate the restored synagogue
m Warsaw, to visit the Jewish
cemeteries we helped repair, to
honor the memory of the heroes
of the ghetto in the place where
they died, and then to go on to
Treblinka and Auschwitz to say
Kaddish and to renew the vow
that those who lie in unnamed
graves will never be forgotten."
SCHINDLER recalled the cul-
tural exchange agreement, signed
in 1981, between the UAHC and
the government, church and aca-
demic institutions in Poland,
under which sacred objects,
books and manuscripts, his-
torical texts, paintings and other
items that were thought des-
troyed in the Holocaust are being
made avaUable in the United
States for exhibition, reproduc-
tion and scholarly study.
A special aspect of this pro-
gram, Schindler said, was the
raising of funds from Reform
synagogues in the U.S. and
Canada to help repair crumbling
Jewish cemeteries in Poland.
Thus far. he said, about $25,000
has been raised and seven ceme-
teries in Warsaw, Lublin,
Bialystok. Lodz and Cracow have
had restoration work begun.
In Warsaw the UAHC delega-
tion is meeting with Joseph Car-
dinal Glemp. Primate of Poland,
and will be received at a reception
in the American Embassy there,
Schindler said. He pointed out
that participation of the UAHC
in the ceremonies in Poland had
been decided after "full consulta-
tion" with the U.S. State Depart-
ment, which he said "urged us to
SCHINDLER will &h take
part in the rededication and re-
opening of the Nejeck synagogue
in Warsaw. In behalf of Reform
Jews in the U.S. and Canada, he
will present to the congregation
eight silver Torah ornaments
from the collection of Mount
Neboh Congregation in Man-
More than 1,000 Jewish rep-
resentatives from Western coun-
tries including several hun-
dred from Israel are expected
at the ceremonies. A highlight of
the visit will be the official cere-
monies in Warsaw's Grand Opera
House at which President
Vladislav Jablonsky will repre-
sent the Polish government.
Schindler will address the
gathering. Other scheduled
speakers are Julius Berman,
chairman of the Conference of
Presidents of Major American
Continued on Page 12

of Sou f h County
4 Personal Story:
Shirley Enselberg
By age Shan
as i aood Carez^z. gsr-
Wlmrvcr Sfemr-
on a farm is
Work: War IL pasinr a
she woujd ia.
ass r*z _n_ ::
One of
ewe her from Ik*
the He
parents as
rut tier as tbear o
oar Gentle =>e;g^>ors
for mt to be hocused one of she
provnees aet a fam wxa non-
Jew* Shark?? saad She _-ved or. far= :'-:cr. jc< ". *I _=*.- tae
cad of the war c :*5 There was
bo eoatac: bee wan. the two
Tr-r- :.:- .-: J =.?
no were abve. and my
parents ^:2t knew rf I vac
airve sat sud 'Want I cease
back bo h*r wxi ray faeuy I
receraS *leaded the American
Gatnertsg of Jews Hoaocamc
- A f-Tf- D C
B*sc*_? the other famx? had
y^ja ceded or taker the pair* of
=> baaaogxa. br-.ry My hoeae as
far as I was oca-emec was tr.y
Kh farm as the luir.nah
she ssjc I was
-.ha: fa-"? wahoat
I was a kid I oaedtowiah
that 1 oooki make lumliiae
dreadfal happen to the Ger-
of was a
not by the
bat by the Ameneans.
to the aoaad of a
(bopped and the
which was at the
foot of Bay bad crashing oa ray
My bed was covered
100s of peases of htxk gkae.
Shaky, who was not S-years-oid
:aet '
Raton, wear* the display on the Wersear Ghetto at the America]
Gathering of Jeuxsk Holocaust Survivors. Mrs. Enselberg, whotm\
bomtn 1941. was raised during the wmr by a gentile family
oa the door magac
aaajjaaj M :aa*
hare heeied some-
the anger has not dn-
Here I was, a bale
Jew** kid and. bacanse I was a
Jewish kid. ray wkak tab was
dntruptad because of scene crazy
or whether one hair hie head
was Jewish," she said.
"The crazy part
of them didn't at
Jewish, she conunoed "As an
I have a respoosabiUty to do
I can to create a danate
we don't lose our Ju
n -*: -r: *_*: X ne i
"i ibb nil.i good jab of m-
doctrru*.: u =* recajs I woujd
BaB: reerr-.^zm '. -**= *
Cachofac ikanh.' she said Tbe
!._ie cent a r-mtar: after
That's why my kids are at the
Sooth County Jewish Day School
so they are completely sur-
rounded all the ume with Yid-
dashkeu. she stated. "We most
bgbt the flame to keep Judaism
gomg because I think Hitler dad
each a great yob of iheluijing
There isn't enough thit i
be said about the Holocaust,-!
Shsrky added. "There Inij
enough that can be said aboal
how horribly Jews were treated.!
how thoughtless people can bej
and bow they can forget thai
humanity We must continuiDjI
remind people that the Holocaal
and that it was the meal
thing that ever hn|
all live and i
part of
A Relative Found
tksa coLaborated
The only tame they did go
d they ventured oat at aU-wj
siakt- And ererytai
wal&ecocs. they wares:
she sud. Some people heaped
them, sarkwkag the aetghoors
who found the Genrib bimuy to
By tae war s end Shark? and
Bar parents hen suevrvee
driey was physacaBy
her cisr^pced cann-
lao left scars, emoucca.
hm a Toaag ckan I had
fears that
to the
tape sne s I doat '
ever reafly
typacai Geatapc. psn
K< i Jiijt oc !
who cod aot coo-
i ewna *" Tbbh
pas to get everr
Jewam soai off
of this earth. "It djdn t
matter whether he was born Jew-
ah or whether he was half- Jewj-fc
Shirky Enselberg. a ladder in
I'kjBjm dunng the Holocaust,
to the .American Gathering
of Jewish Holocaust Survivors
looking for information. ****
any tafbft or morsel wharh could
teB her what had happened to
four rebaives long believed dadj
The nsssmg bafc to her
brought sad news, but she i
found anot her lmk
la all i^nrf Shirley's thm|
aunts and an uncle died
! Great News For Floridians !
When flanfe get* kat ami kaaai-k. Jaay aaal Ar-

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mmtntm I
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For reserveuons and
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*be^ .oc escape the Faorda heat
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Escape to the BrKtvnan
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do more than bve from one meat to the
next Thats*hv*rreonthetoCd
Amencan Ptan. sef \ g two sumptuous
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There wi be no announcement at
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Room stacri vou just left rv- need to
rush ow the got course or terns courts
L**ger at the pool al day cu choose
We have one outdoor and odour (con
tarwig heath dub and et *h*ipooi
spa) Pta> dupbeate bndge take art
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SocometotheBnckman Wherethe
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Hcsel Brckman
Scaati Faesburg. MY 12779
Hssas Card Vaa. \mea
Ckcrkxasng a great
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The Posner FamQy

Bv. April aua
\A Personal Story
Elizabeth Lefkovitz
I Elizabeth Ungar Lefkovitz was
oldinn her sister's baby when a
jan asked. "That is your child?"
(A different time, a different
Bace, a different man, and that
kiestion would have been an-
ered without much thought.
] But Elizabeth was surviving
first selection she and other
^w9 went through as they
ntered Auschwitz, the largest
tath camp erected by the Nazis.
he man asking the question was
r. Josef Mengele, the "Angel of
In front of this latest group of
Lws arriving at Auschwitz stood
lengele. now living in a Latin
nerican country, safe for the
; being from Nazi hunters.
With one movement of his
gf^Lgcr was life or death,"
at^Hi/abeth. (hen a young woman
xg^B -1'. recalled. "If it was a sign
itajlw left, nobody would ever see
be.^Kivhncly again. If it was right,
to^Ktn fur right now you were
ulh^Bung. which doesn't mean
ntHiything. for life was cheap in
^1 "When we arrived in front of
engele. he looked at me, 'That
your child?' I had no time to
swer because my sister im-
do.'^Bediately took the baby in her
ms, and he gets so mad that we
st time for him that he pushes
e to the right side, and I had to
," Elizabeth remembered.
hen I could stop to look back,
didn't see my sister anymore.
id I never see her again."
Elizabeth Ungar Lefkovitz, 59,
puipB Highland Beach, is one of the
alioHirvivors who now tells the tale
the world will remember that
hjgB 11 million people butchered by
Be Nazis and their collaborators,
million were Jews. One
illion Jewish children, including
r sister's baby, were murdered.
Elizabeth, along with more
11,000 survivors, attended
American Gathering of
wish Holocaust Survivors in
ashington, D.C., earlier this
nth. She was a young woman
20 when she arrived at Ausch-
itz with her sister in 1944. Other
mbers of her family had
eded her there.
| In Auschwitz, Elizabeth found
aunt who had information
out her family "She learned
^at my father is living and was
Block D and my sister was in
Hock C," Elizabeth said.
[ "And I learned that my mother
i sent also to the left side," she
[Her father sent Elizabeth a
lessage, telling her to find her
|her sister, llona, a 13-year-old
W. The problem was how would
M switch blocks.
"In Auschwitz, you never offer
yourself for anything. That I
learned in the very first day be-
cause you never know where you
would be sent," Elizabeth said.
The inmates feared they would be
sent to Mengele. who ex-
perimented on living people.
"If you get to Mengele, it's no
good," Elizabeth learned early
After receiving her father's
message, five women were sent to
look for blankets. Elizabeth
switched places with a women
who wanted her daughter in
Block C with her.
Once in Block C, Elizabeth
traded places with the daughter
who went back with the other
women. Five women left. Five
Ilona was in the "show win-
dow" block for the war. This was
the block the Red Cross would
visit. Thus, Ilona was in good
condition when Elizabeth found
In this block, however, Ilona
knew nothing of Mengele nor the
selections, although they Were
counted twice daily. "They know
exactly how many people they
killed everyday. It was one thing
also to make you a little more
suffering because in the morning
it was so cold and at noon it was
so hot and you had to stay
outside in the sunshine or rain,"
Elizabeth said.
After being in Block C for two
or three weeks, there was a spe-
cial selection called. Elizabeth
thought it was for Mengele. She
tried to prepare Ilona. They stood
in the back, away from the
"Angel of Death."
Mengele started picking out
200 girls. "I was the last one,"
Elizabeth said. "I just lost my
mind. I began to scream asking
him to let my sister come with
me." She then had to point her
sister out.
"I had no other choice," she
said. "She's a pretty girl. Of
course, she can go with you',"
Mengele told her.
The girls, 13 to 15 years old
except for Elizabeth, were
dressed up and fed. Then, a cruel
joke occurred. The girls were
taken to a shower room. "The
guard came back in five minutes
and we were standing exactly the
same like he left us," she said.
The guard started screaming.
"We said, 'If you want to kill
us, you will kill us, but we will
not open the gas," she said. "Are
you crazy?' And he began open-
ing up the showers. Really it was
After three days, the 200 girls
were taken to the train station.
Elizabeth's father was in the
clean-up crew at the station.
" 'Only from the kids barracks?'
he asked. We said, 'Yes.' "
I want you dead before you
go with this group ... Go to the
electric wire,' ordered their
"We were preparing to go to
the electrical wire," she said.
"My father say so, we do it."
But there were other
Hungarian girls who understood
what their father had told them.
They too were going to the wire.
"When we began, the first
group to move into the train, we
turned and already were making
the first step to go to the electri-
cal wire," Elizabeth said. Just at
that moment, American planes
bombed the train station.
The girls were taken back to
the camp. The clothes were taken
away. Later, another group of
girls was selected. Their destina-
tion would have been the front
where they would have served as
prostitutes for the German
soldiers. Elizabeth said she read
that none of the girls in the
second selection survived.
If what occurred at the death
camps came as a surprise to
Elizabeth, she was not oblivious
to the anti-Semitism which
existed in her native Hungary
before Germany invaded in
March 1944.
Prior to arriving at the death
camp, Elizabeth lived in Foldes,
Hungary with her parents and
two sisters. Anti-Semitism
existed many years before the
Germans arrived.
"The complex of inferior is the
feeling. You feel always inferior
from everybody else," Elizabeth
"You were afraid because we
had vandalism against Jews all
my life." Although her town was
not bad, elsewhere Jews faced
"The next town it was terrible.
Sometimes you were afraid to
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Boca: 3S6-44e Broward 42ft 4WW
REUNION: Elizabeth Ungar Lefkovitz hugs Jolan Petrover Deatch
at the American Gathering of Jewish Holocaust Survivors. Jolan, who
now lives in California, went to school in Hungary with Elizabeth's
late husband Andre. They found each other at the 1981 Gathering in
Israel when a relative saw Jolan's T-shirt with her name on it.
walk out in the streets," she said.
"It was a problem in the country.
It was raining, it was the Jews'
fault. It was no rain, it was the
Jews' fault..
"Everything was blamed for
the Jews," she added. "Still,
Hungarian Jews feel they were
very Hungarian.
"I think that was our
tragedy," Elizabeth said, adding
that Hungarian Jews could have
survived if they had run away in
1940 or 1941. By 1942, it already
was too late. Young Jewish men
were sent to labor camps that
The Hungarian Jews learned
quickly whether they were
Hungarians or Jews. "A day
after the German invasion we
know we were not Hungarian,"
Elizabeth said.
The day after the invasion,
Jews were not allowed in the
streets or to travel, she said.
Jewish businesses were turned
over to Hungarian Nazi officials.
When the invasion came, Eliza-
beth was not home. She was in
Csorna with her sister who was
pregnant. Her brother-in-law was
in a labor camp.
Her parents and younger sister
were deported first. She never
saw her mother again.
They were deported, first to
Sopron, a ghetto close to the
Austrian border, and then to
Auschwitz. The cattle car taking
them to Auschwitz was packed
with 100 people in each car. It
had not been cleaned after
carrying horses.
"We had no water. We had no
food. And the second day, we
already had a couple of people
dead," she said. "Of course we
were scared. We were scared to
death. First time in my life I see a
person dead."
"And your nephew crying all
the way that he was hungry,"
she said. "When we arrived .
in Auschwitz we didn't know
what could happen. We thought
they would take us to labor
camps and we'd go to work."
"We know it was persecution.
But we didn't know it existed,
the death camps," she said. "We
don't know that they would take
them and kill them."
At Auschwitz, Elizabeth would
learn the truth.
Early on, Elizabeth learned
about the crematorium at Ausch-
witz. A huge fire in the sky
panicked the latest group of
Jews. "Then the guard came in
Continued on Page 4
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Page 8
rrt"iIln "JtiuBh rttinauOCXtr *outn county
Prifry. Aprfl a,;
ITS A MATCH; Survivors came to the American Gathering of
Jewish Holocaust Survivors in hopes that a brother, a sister, relative,
or friend long thought dead might still be alive. A computer system
with 45.000 entries, including 5,000 added during the four-day
gathering, was used. Five hundred possible matches wen made
through the computer.
All Photos on Pages 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, and 8 by Andrew
A Relative Found
Continued from Page 2-
One aunt and uncle went to
Auschwitz in 1942. "Chances of
anyone surviving from 1942 is
highly, highly unlikely," she
said. The other two aunts were
sent to Auschwitz in 1944.
"They could have lived, but
there was so much deprivation,
so much abuse," Shirley said
pessimistically. These two aunts
were on one of the last convoys
from Belgium to Auschwitz.
The information was found in
the "Klarsfeld" book, a detailed
document recording where
French and Belgian residents
were sent.
Through a computer system,
which held more than 40,000
entries, Shirley found a cousin
she didn't know existed. The
computer matched their maiden
name, Gola.
"We had a chance to talk. We
had a chance of getting togeth-
er," Shirley said. "She had a
tough time accepting that we
could be related probably because
she was looking for someone
closer to her age."
By putting the mangled jigsaw
puzzle pieces of their stories
together, it looks like the two
women are second cousins on her
father's side. Shirley's father died
four years ago.
In Yiddish, Freida Weinrich,
born 1924 in Poland, told her, "It
could be. It could be."
"It's a wierd feeling. It was
tough," Shirley said of her en-
counter with her cousin, who now
lives in Memphis, Tenn.
"We're hoping that we will be
able to make some sort of
family," Shirley said.
<7ewish Flor idian
of South County
Execute* Editor '
". Frad Snocnat
Editor and PubUahar Eacutlva Editor Q ROSENBERG
BOCA RATON OFFJOE 2200 N. MM Hw,.. So*. 20*. Soc Raton^Ts^PhonTMm,
^^ M..n Offlc PUnt:, N.E. h St., Miami. Fta 33101 Phoo. KItSsOS
Puf mir.RianIwiHisnJttmr\mnmm*,PABmt+$aTXimmmLn, sum
v^TS^J^*^ F*2!!?:- Ft ""* '*-". a a~
vice Praaidanla. Martanna Book*. Ertc Dackingar. Norman Stona; SacnHary Oladvi w.m.hT^.
Traaaurar. M.rgarat Kottlar. Enacutlva Dlractor. Rabbi Bruca S Warahal **nni*.
Friday, April 29,1983
Volume 6
Number 17
Elizabeth Lefkovitz
Continued fawn Page 3
and he was screaming, 'This is
the crematorium. Get ac-
customed to it'."
"We couldn't stand the smell
because it felt like flesh was
burning, and it was," she said.
In October 1944, Elizabeth left
Auschwitz. The night after Jews
working in the gas chambers
blew up the crematorium.
"I left Ilona in October when I
was taken away from Auschwitz.
I left her behind. I left behind my
father. He was also alive," Eliza-
beth said.
After Auschwitz, Elizabeth
was taken to a German labor
camp where many of the women
froze to death. As the war moved
closer, Elizabeth was moved
again. "If you couldn't walk,
they just shot you and killed you
in the road," she said. "They
didn't want us in life so that we
can tell the story."
Their next destination was
going to be Dresden, but it was
bombed. They went on.
Elizabeth was getting weaker.
"They helped me to walk another
five kilometers. It was very, very
cold," she said. Three girls buried
themselves deep in the straw to
keep warm. The next day they
found themselves half-frozen. A
German guard pushed a bayonet
into the straw, but the girls had
promised they would die silently.
"That was the longest minute
in my life," Elizabeth said. It
took them several days to dig
themselves out of the ground.
"We looked terrible," she said.
"Bone and skin and a big tummy.
No hair."
Eventually, they were arrested
by the police and jailed for three
days. Those were happy days
because they were warm and had
food. The concentration camp
group also was 300 kilometers
- ". -i
away by then. A police officer. Vfuels because the .
who couldn't believe their tale, States quota for Hungarian?!?
eventually let them go. full. Once again, ElizabethSt
The Rueaians arrested them Jay wHWtf*ans. U, 190V
next. "We're still fighting for our. ^*"*!^.^%hl*nd Beach'
survival because the Russians Andre died m tQRi
don't like Jews either," she said.
The Russians also let them go.
In July 1946, Elizabeth had
made her way back to Hungary
where she realized she had no
family. Her parents and both
sisters were dead. Out of 89
relatives, only five survived.
The suffering continued. "The
only thing you feel after libera-
tion is that we were not liberated,
but were condemned for life. We
don't call ourselves liberated,"
she said. "You couldn't feel
happy that you lived."
In 1946, Elizabeth married
Andre, also a survivor, and they
lived in Budapest for three years.
"Then, he left Hungary because
he was invited very friendly to
join the Communist Party, and
he didn't want to. We had to
leave," she said.
Eventually, thev ended up in
Andre died m 1981.
Now, the pain, the ajuruUn
still iat. It* **]
during the gathering wlT*
memories are relived coiistaX
"The reason 1 go to this (t&
gathering) for a second time j!
because I expect to know son*
thing from toy sister. I &,.,
believe she's dead," Elizabeth
said, starting to cry. Elizabeth
who went to the gathering in'
Israel in 1981, did not find her
sister in Washington.
Despite the sadness in m
finding her sister, Elizabeth
remains determined, as are other
survivors, to remind the world
that sue million Jews were
slaughtered as the world watched
"Never say it can't
again," Elizabeth said.
"Everywhere it can happen.
Monday, May 2.1983
Time: 7:30 p.m.
Topic: "Color Me Beautiful"
If you have not received
Federation office 368-2737.
your invitation, please call the
111 S in Tnfc ^^3 yao'i/c already rWsfercJ
-fot-'rta' \9S3 Camp Haccatcc summer swjo*!

;>i t n
Prid.y, April 29,1988
ThtJewuk fleridian of South County
Voices of
The Holocaust
Barry Spanjaard, now a man in
his 50s, remains "vary resentful"
toward the childhood he never
He spent his early teen-age
years in concentration camps.
But Spanjaard was different
from the other victims in the
camps. He was born in America.
Barry's parents were Dutch
immigrants living in New York
City when he was born. The
Spanjaard family returned to
i Holland in 1932 because his
grandfather was ill.
"We went there in '32 and got
I stuck there when the war broke
out.'' Spanjaard said recently at
the American Gathering of Jew-
ish Holocaust Survivors in
| Washington, D.C.
He was 13-year sold when his
I family was arrested, sent to a
transit camp and eventually
[shipped to Bergen-Belsen "where
people were not killed. They just
I died there."
Spanjaard remembered the
I' hunger and the lice and the fear
[of not being alive the next day."
It was his U.S. birth certificate
Iwhich shielded the Spanjaard
I family from immediate death. He
Icould have gone back to the
| Unit id States in the early 1940s,
nut the United States would not
ept his parents until 1945, he
"By staying I was at least able
Itn save my mother's life," he
Had it not been for his U.S.
[birth certificate, Spanjaard said,
I JwmJd Juwe. gqru- fit might to -
|lhf gas chambers.
"My grandmother1 was ar-
rested and within a week she was
U'nt to the gas chambers," he
He and his parents were ex-
changed for five German officers
in January 1945, four months
before the war ended. His father,
whose health had deteriorated
drastically, died two days after
their release.
Fifty years ago, a 2-year-old
boy traveled from country to
country. No one wanted to
shelter him or his family from the
Nazi threat.
For that reason, U.S. Sen.
Rudy Boschwitz, R-Minnesota,
said Israel must be secure.
Boschwitz's family left Ger-
many in 1933, just several
months after Hitler came to
"We went from country to
country to country seeking ad-
mittance into the United States,"
Boschwitz recently said at the
Capitol steps before the Ameri-
can Gathering of Jewish Holo-
caust Survivors.
"We had left early enough that
we were able eventually to gain
admittance into the United
States," Boschwitz said.
But for two years, his family
traveled with no place to go.
"My family was in Uruguay
and South Africa and Kenya and
Shanghai and Cuba. Eventually
my wife was living in Brazil be-
cause when my father-in-law
went to the American 1 in
Switzerland just before the
war he was told in no uncertain
terms that the United States was
not available at that time," he
"If we seem to have a great af-
finity for the state of Israel it is
rooted in the traveling of that lit-
Continued on Page 7
Not sines the birth of Israel has
something so tiny mads it so big.
HUMAN GUINEA PIG: Dr. Josef Mengele, the "Angel of Death" in
Auschwitz-Birkenau, used living p pie for his experiments. Eva Kor,
of Terre Haute, Ind., center, was used by Mengele in one of his ex-
periments on twins.
. /;. p
MUSEUM: Jewish author, Elie Wiesel, third
from right, accepts the symbolic key for the
Holocaust Museum from Vice President George
Bush. The museum will be located in Wash-
ington, D. C. The ceremony took place during the
American Gathering of Jewish Holocaust Sur-
vivors held in Washington earlier this month.
New Hour*
Mon.-Thurs. 11-9
Prl a Sol. 11-10
Sun 109
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Tfc- /-....-1 DI--J-W
Page 6
The Jewish Floridian of South County
Friday. April 29,
AJComm. Statement
Takes Israeli Settlement Policy to Strong Task
The American Jewish Com-
mittee, in a major policy
statement, is taking issue
with Israel's West Bank
settlement policy as un-
helpful to the peace process
with Jordan in accordance
with the Camp David ac-
cords. At the same time, it
calls on King Hussein of
Jordan "to seize the oppor-
tunity offered him" in line
with the accords "to join
uneqivocally and without
preconditions in peace ne-
gotiations with Israel."
If he does so. the policy state-
ment said, the AJCommittee
"would be prepared actively to
urge the government of Israel to
be flexible in such negotiations
and to make significant compro-
mises for the sake of peace, as it
did in response to the peace ini-
tiative of President (Anwar)
Sadat of Egypt."
BUT IF Hussein "and moder-
ate Palestinians once again reject
the opportunity for full participa-
tion offered them by President
Reagan (in his Sept. 1 initiative),
or if their acceptance is hedged
by crippling preconditions, then
it should be made clear to the
American public that the absence
of peace is due not to Israel's set-
tlement policies or alleged 'in-
transigence.' but rather to the
fundamental refusal of the Arab
world to accept the permanent
reality and legitimacy of the
State of Israel."
The AJCommittee statement,
titled 'Position Statement on the
Middle East," was issued by
AJC's president Maynard Wish-
ner. The statement had been un-
animously adopted after exten-
sive discussion by the AJC's
Board of Governors at its
meeting Mar. 21. Wishner noted
that the policy statement had
From Golda Meir's Book:
Bond With Land is Irrefutable
Golda Meir, who served as Is: .el's fifth Prime Minister (1966 -
19741. was born in Russia in 1898 and came to the United States in
1906. living in Milwaukee She settled in Palestine in 1921 and became
a national figure in the Histadrut I Labor Movement!, the Jewish
Agency and the Government of Israel after 1948.
She was first Ambassador to the USSR. Labor Minister and For-
eign Minister, before becoming Premier. She died in November, 1978.
This extract is taken from the book, 'Golda Meir Speaks Out.'
Published in Hebrew in 1970, it is an abridged version of Golda s
statement on receiving an honorary degree of Humane Letters from
the Hebrew Union College Biblical and Archaeological School of Jeru-
Each one of us, as he studies
the history of our people, ponders
from time to time on what the
Jewish people might have been
had Jews acted differently than
they did at a particular time or
place. Often we are simply unable
to explain in a rational way how
the great miracle occurred which
made us what we are today.
We are an ancient people, and
we speak of thousands of years as
if they were but days or weeks.
Just a few weeks ago. we cele-
brated the 1.900th anniversary of
the destruction of the Second
Temple. Nineteen hundred years,
and still Jewry survives, scat-
tered in all corners of the earth! I
am not referring to Jews who
were unable to fulfill their destiny
or to survive physically in the
face of pogroms or persecutions. I
refer to Jews whose heroism
enabled them to remain Jewish in
a spiritual national sense.
OFTEN WE lament the
divisiveness which exists within
the Jewish people, and we speak
(too often, in my opinion) in an
exaggerated way about our fail-
ings and shortcomings. Yet we
Continued on Page 12
been issued before President
Reagan's comment on Mar. 31
that he was suspending the sale
of promised F-16 jet fighters tc
Israel until Israel co: .. ..'ted its
withdrawal from Lebanon.
The policy statement empha-
sized that the U.S. "should re-
frain from applying unilateral
pressure on Israel and should not
slow down or stop the shipment
of military equipment to Israel,
our most important strategic ally
in the Middle East."
pointed out that Israel could not
be expected to withdraw from
Lebanon until effective arrange-
ments for its security against ter-
rorist attack from Lebanon had
been negotiated and Syrian and
PLO forces had also agreed to
The statement noted that the
Camp David accords led to the
signing of a peace treaty between
Israel and Egypt. These accords
also called on Israel, Egypt and
Jordan and the Arab inhabitants
in the West Bank and Gaza to
proceed with negotiations on the
future status of these areas. "The
refusal of Jordan and the Pales-
tinian representatives to partici-
pate in such negotiations has
been the major impediment to
achieving the broader peace fore-
seen at Camp David."
Continuing, the statement
"The American Jewish Com-
mittee calls upon Jordan and the
Palestinian inhabitants of the
West Bank and Gaza to join in
direct negotiations, as called for
in the Camp David accords. The
American Jewish Committee is
confident that an expression of
willingness on the part of Jordan
to commence negotiations
with or without participation by
the Palestinian inhabitants of the
West Bank would be met by
Israeli flexibility and willingness
to make the necessary compro-
mises to achieve peace, consist-
ent with its security needs.
"JORDAN, too. would be ex-
pected to make compromises.
Therefore, no partv should set
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preconditions to the negotiations
envisaged at Camp David, for
they serve only to delay their
"The American Jewish Com-
mittee believes that UN Security Hon Arabs who are not ciTi^n?1,
Council Resolution 242 embraced israel. could in i he course of tili
undermine the democratic and
humane principles of the State of
ity necessary to enable the
parties to reach agreement on the
future status of the areas a<
being unhelpful to the peace nm.
"MOREOVER, the America,,
Jewish Committee shares the
concerns of many Israelis that
the continuing and indefinite I,
raeli administration of the West
Bank and Gaza, with governance
over the lives of more than a mil
in the Camp David accords, as
applied to the West Bank and
Gaza, ought to lead to territorial
compromise through negotia-
tions and to full peace between
Israel and her neighbors. As ne-
gotiations commence, we can
expect the parties to place
maximal positions on the table
including their respective claims
to sovereignty. These positions
will have to be compromised in
the course of such negotiations.
"Therefore, we view acts by Is-
rael which could limit the flexibil-
The American Jewish Com-
mittee believes that in the ab-
sence of negotiations conwnine
the West Bank and Gaza, it mat
well be that Israel's current set-
tlement policy, if continued, may
make withdrawal at a later date
no longer a viable option for any
Israeli government. There is an
urgent need, therefore, for Jordan
to enter into negotiations with
Israel now."
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All Contributors to the Federation campaign
in Delray Beach, Highland Beach and
Boca Raton and others who have contributed
to the South County campaign are invited
to the Annual Membership Meeting of the
Monday, May 16,1983
7:30 p.m.
B'nai Torah Congregation
1401 NW 4th Avenue
Boca Raton, Fla.
Dessert and Coffee served after the meeting
RSVP South County Jewish Federation Offloo 368-2737
Report on Year's Activities
_ ^, Campaign Update
Election of Officers and Board Members
James B. Bear
Gladys Weinshank

Friday. April 29, 1983
The Jewish Floridian of South County
Page 7
Voices of The Holocaust
Continued from Page 5-
tie boy from country to country,"
Boschwitz said.
"It is not a mixture of loyal-
ties It is not a misdirection of
oriorities. Not at all. It is just a
feeling of kinship we have for all
jeWs, no matter where they are,"
he said.
"And our history indicates
that, indeed, Israel must live," he
"Because we can not tell when
the state of Israel will be called
upon again to be a haven," he
BoechwitZ said there were
righteous Gentiles who helped
jews and even some countries,
. including some in Latin America,
I who took in Jews.
"But never again can that hap-
pen. Never again can we allow
| that to happen," Boschwitz said.
Roschwitz 50 years later
| still remembers those days.
i have that long memory of
I that little boy traveling from
country to country with no place
I to go," he said.
,Iu Gejdenson, a Democratic con-
gressman from Connecticut,
traveled a path filled with fear.
Gejdenson, the son of sur-
vivors, was born in a displaced
persons camp in Germany.
"We all knew what happened
and periodical references of why
we don't have uncles and cousins
I or nephews explained very
pointedly what had happened,"
he said.
But his family did not readily
speak about the Holocaust. It
was two years ago when Gejden-
son. ihen 33, read his first book
about the Holocaust. It was
Night" by Elie Wiesel.
"It was with fear that I turned
each page. Fear that it would
somehow so disrupt my life that I
would not be able to continue for
in each page of Elie's book I saw
what happened to my family,"
said (iejdenson, speaking on the
Capitol steps before the Ameri-
can Gathering of Jewish Holo-
I caust Survivors held earlier this
As a child of the survivors we
have a special responsibility. We
have a responsibility to see not
only that it does not happen to
us. but that we, who so often
have been first, dare not wait to
Gejdenson, who opened his
speech by speaking in Yiddish,
closed with a quote by a German
"In Germany, first they came
i for the communists, and I did not
speak out for I was not a com-
"And then they came for the
trade unionists, and again I did
not speak out because I was not a
trade unionist.
"And then they came for the
Jews, and again I knew it was
wrong, but I was not a Jew.
"And then they came for the
Utholics, and again I knew it
was wrong, but I did not speak
| up because I was not a Catholic.
"And then they cams for me,
?nd by that time it was too late,
or there was no one to speak
up." p"
Nearly 40 years ago, Sam
dolman became a Jew, a dedi-
I wted Jew.
That was the day when he
wiped liberate Dachau, a concen-
tration camp, as well as two
We could smell it 20 miles
h*,ay The Peop'e n Dachau said
|l*y couldn't smell a thing. The
I People who lived there, 10 miles
m Munich." Golman recently
while attending the Ameri-
can Gathering of Jewish Holo-
icaust Survivors in Washington
l"-<- held earlier this month.
The crematoriums still were
hot when they liberated Dachau,
said Golman, who was a field
director for the Red Cross at-
tached to the 36th Infantry Divi-
sion of the U.S. Army.
Upon entering Dachau, Gol-
man said they saw "people sit-
ting not even looking up. Maybe
weighing 75 to 80 pounds. Not
even bothering to look up. Not
bothering to even pay atten-
"It was hard to get any kind of
reaction out of most of them.
They were glad, but so weak.
Nothing seemed to move them
until probably the second day
and then they began to realize,
my God, they were going to make
it. They were going to live."
Prior to that experience, Gol-
man said he was an indifferent
"All of a sudden 1 became a
dedicated Jew," said the 71-year-
old St. Louis resident.
"I think for the first time I be-
came a Jew. For the first time I
really became a Jew," he said.
One man was a liberator. The
other, a victim-
Rabbi Hershel Schecter of New
Continued on Page 8
Regina Barshak wears the same
yellow Star of David patch she
was forced to wear 42 years ago
in France. She originally was
from Paris and was placed in a
camp near there. Ms. Barshak
was set free because the Nazis
were interested in Polish Jews.
Her family, however, went to
Study medicine in Israel
A challenge and
an opportunity.
Touro College and Technion- Israel Institute of Technology
announce a new program leading to an M.D. degree
A new door is open to an M.D. degree from
one of the world's great teaching and research
centers. Starting in September 1983, the
Touro-Technion Program will offer qualified
college graduates a unique American-Israel
educational experience.
The program's 18-month American phase
provides advanced science and Hebrew
language studies at Touro College's beautiful
15-acre campus In the New York City suburb
of Huntington. Upon successful completion of
these courses, students will receive a second
baccalaureate degree and may continue their
studies in Israel.
Israel phases of the program comprise 6
months of initial bridging courses, 2 years of
advanced clinical study at Technion's Faculty
of Medicine in Haifa, a thesis and a year of in-
ternship in Israel. An M.D. degree will be award-
ed by Technion to students who successfully
complete its program requirements.
Our goal is the development of skilled and
compassionate physicians who also will be
well-prepared to meet internship, residency
and licensing requirements in the United
For applications and information call or
Center for Biomedical Education
Touro College
30 West 44th Street
Mew York,ItY. 10036


TU- T-...J.L F
The Jewish Floridian of South County
57365: The number tells the tale.
Just one of many survivors who
had a number tatooed on their
arms by the Nazis.
Mayor Koch Calls
Anti-Zionist Resolutions Anti-Semitic
"Anti-Zionist" resolutions
passed in that "monument to
hypocrisy," the United Nations,
are actually anti-Semitic, New
York City Mayor Edward Koch
told more than 10,000 cheering
people attending the American
Gathering of Jewish Holocaust
Survivors held earlier this month.
Koch, himself a Jew, gave the
hardest-hitting speech during the
four-day gathering in Washing-
ton. D.C. "We will remain ever
vigilant, ever alert, to the threat
of those who skillfully stoke the
fires of anti-Semitism." he said
during the closing ceremony held
on the grounds of the Washing-
ton Monument. "Sometimes they
use new code words to convey
their message. In the United Na-
tions, they pass anti-Semitic res-
olutions and call them anti-
"They seek to isolate Israel
into a non-nation' just as the
Nuremberg Laws turned Jews
into 'non-people. Koch con
tinued. "They don't want peace
in the Middle East, they want Is-
rael destroyed. They may talk
peace just as Hitler talked peace
at Munich, but their real objec-
tive is the destruction of Israel."
Koch called the Palestine Lib-
eration Organization "terrorists
who murder and maim, women
and children, and whose greatest
dream is to finish what Hitler
started. America must never give
acceptability to those who want
to destroy Israel." he added.
"Israel lives. And Israel with
Jerusalem as its undivided capi-
tal will continue to live," Koch
said. He did not confine his Criti-
cism just to the Nazis and PLO.
He also criticized the world and
the United States for not doing
more during World War II to
save Jews.
"There was nothing secret
about these atrocities. American
diplomats in major German cities
sent detailed reports to the State
Department of what they and
499-2551 499-2552
| ..
- I
I7N 1
-- *9 1
MON.-THURS. 11-10 P.M. FRI.. SAT., SUN. 11 AJI.-11 P.M.
their staffs had seen," Koch said.
"Every American consulate was
jammed with Jews seeking visas
to emigrate to the United States.
Jews waiting in the streets to be
admitted to the consulates were
beaten by Nazi mobs," he added.
"The world knew. The world
knew, and the world did
nothing," Koch said.
"There was some half-hearted
attempts to deal with the Nazi
menace. President Roosevelt or-
ganized an international commit-
tee to handle refugee problems,
but he refused to formally recall
the American Ambassador to
Germany, a move that would
have signalled strong American
disapproval ot Nazi savagery and
that might have slowed it down.
"Instead, President Roosevelt
simply asked the ambassador to
come to Washington to give a
'first-hand report,' Koch said.
"The President did criticize the
German government, but, when
asked if America would take spe-
cial measures to help Jewish
refugees, the answer was
negative. No modification of
American Policy was contem-
plated. How shameful!" he said.
THE HOLOCAUST: Jews crying out, "Why do we have to die?" is
symbolized by Alfred Tibor's bronze sculpture. Only one hand
belonging to the youth is held in a fist. Tibor, now from Columbus,
Ohio, spent two years in forced labor for the Hungarians and Ger-
mans. Later, he served five and one-half years in a Russian Siberia
Voices of The Holocaust
Continued from Page 7-
York remembers April 11, 1945
vividly. That was the day 38
years ago when he, as a chaplain
in the U.S. Army, helped liberate
"that hell hole called Buchen-
Schecter. speaking recently at
the Capital Centre before the
American Gathering of Jewish
Holocaust Survivors, remembers
when the tanks rolled through
and liberated the camp.
He remembered a young boy
whose eyes he will never forget.
That boy now Rabbi Israel
Lau. an Israeli also will not
forget that day.
Schecter took Lau in his arms
weeping. When the lad became
frightened. Schecter laughed.
Schecter then asked Lau how old
he was.
"And I answered what dif-
ference does it make. I'm older
than you," Lau said, adding that
Schecter thought he was a little
crazy from what had happened to
"Why do you think my child
that you are older than me." Lau
recalled Schecter asking him.
"Because you cry and you
laugh as a child. And 1 stopped
laughing and I can't even cry so I
must be older than you." he said.
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Llay. April 29,1983
The Jewish Floridian of South County
Page 9
It's all yours. A wonderful vacation in ancient, mystical
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With hotel, car and round trip airfare included. It's El Al's
"Sunsation '83" tour package. And its unbelievable for
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You'll board an El Al jumbo jet at JFK Airport in New
York and fly non-stop to Ben Gurion Airport. You may
choose to stay In the exciting 20th Century city of lei
Aviv in a luxurious hotel overlooking the sea. Or you may
want to go on to Jerusalemwhere first class accommo-
dations will make you feel like King Solomon. An Avis
Rent A Car will be yours for 5 full days so you can
leisurely drive to the places you've only read about in the
Bible. You'll love exploringfrom the Jordan Valley to the
breathtaking heights of Masada.
One thing more. As a special bonus. El Al will give
everyone on our special "Sunsation '83" 6 Day/5 Night
tour a 20% discount voucher You'll be able to use it on
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So call your Travel Agent or ring El Al and ask for the
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larommc Jerusalem hotel Jerusalem hrton

Page 8
Tl. *_...--1 war
Page 10
The Jewish Floridian of South County
Friday. April 29,
Does Your Group
Need A Speaker?
Call The South County Jewish Federation
Speakers available for both Jewish and non-Jewish groups.
Organizations in the News
Temple Sinai-Sisterhood is
planning a Mother s Day week-
end. Saturday to Tuesday. May
T-10 at Beaurivage Hotel. Miami
Beach. The cost of $125 per per-
son includes three dinners, three
breakfasts, entertainment. Please
cail Shirley Feingold. 499-2530
for your reservations
Temple Sinai Single* will hold
their paid-up membership lunch-
eon on Tuesday. May 3 at 12
noon. For reservations and
further information, please call
499-8933. Gittle Roth. President.
Jewish War Veterans Poat 266
will hold their next meeting on
Thursday. May 26 at 7:30 p.m. at
Anshei Emuna. 16189 Carter Rd .
Delray. Please call 499-0372 or
499-3803 for further information.
B'nai Zion will hold their
monthly dance on Sunday, May 1
at 7:30 p.m.. at Luigi's Dance
World. 4850 W. Oakland Park
Blvd.. Oakland Park Shopping
Center. Music by Luigi, Coffee
and Cake, and free beverage be-
fore 8 p.m. Donation $3.50. Pro-
ceeds will go to the B'nai Zion
Home for Retarded Children in
Temple Beth El-Singles will
hold a pool party on Saturday.
May 14 at 8 p.m. There will be
goodies galore. The cost $3 per
person. Please call evenings,
Ilene 392-8957 or Renee 487-4462.
The party will take place at the
home of Ilene Jurist.
Jewish War Veterane-Snyder-
Tokson Poat 459 Auxiliary will
hold a Mother's Day luncheon
and cruise to Singer Island on
Sunday. May 8. For further in-
formation, please call 483-1029 or
Anabei S halo m-Sister bood-
OrioU Jewish Cater will hold a
Flea Market and Rummage Sale
Sunday. May 1 at 9 a.m. in the
Carteret Savings parking lot on
Military Trail and Atlantic Ave
For further information, please
call 498-1785.
B'nai B'rith Women-Integrity
Council will hold their next meet-
ing on Sunday, May 1 at the
Frontier Restaurant on Federal
Highway in Boynton Beach. For
further information, please call
Gertrude 499-2225.
B'nai B'rith Boca Teeca Lodge
will hold their breakfast meeting
in the activities building on
Tuesday. May 3 at 9:30 a.m. Mr.
Abe Yomack. District 5 Commis-
sioner of ADL will give a
humorous-serious appraisal of
the Jewish contribution to Amer-
Temple Emeth Single* Club
will hold their next meeting on
Monday. May 2, at 12 noon at the
synagogue. 5780 W. Atlantic
Ave. Delray Beach. Please note
that the date has been changed.
The guest speaker will be Jack
Bums on "Pros and Cons of
Living Alone." Election of offi-
cers will also be held. Refresh-
ments will be served. All singles
are welcome.
Temple Emeth-Sisterhood will
have their next meeting on
Thursday. May 5. at 12 noon. For
your listening pleasure a skit will
be presented by sisterhood
members entitled "Is This Your
Life?.-' There will be a coffee hour
and all are invited to attend.
Hadaaaah-Ben Gurion will hold
their general meeting at 12 noon
and the Board meeting at 9:30
a.m. at Temple Emeth. 5780 W.
Atlantic Ave.. Delray Beach, on
May 12. Installation of officers
will take place along with a
drawing, honoring Mother's Day.
Refreshments will be served.
Hadaaaah -Shalom Delray will
have installation of officers at
their Tuesday. May 3. meeting at
9:30 am. at Temple Emeth. 5780
W. Atlantic Ave., Delray. The
Shalom players will present one
of their famous skits. Refresh-
ments will be served. For further
information, please call 499-1290.
Hadaaaah Manachem Bagfa
will hold their next meeting on
Wednesday, May 18 at 12 noon
at Temple Emeth, Delray Beach
Installation of officers will take
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Phone: (305) 27S4104
A Rabbi's Message
I waa reared in a home where it
was not the money that my
father brought (how could he as a
Chasidic Rabbi on Henry Street
in the ghetto of Manhattan! that
made him dear to me. It was his
heart and learning that filled my
home with cheer. Oh yes, and his
"knip" too. I shall never forget,
when I wasted time, he gave me a
"knip" that turned me into an
'' instant astronomer.''
We had a "home" even though
we did not have a nice "house" to
put it in. No refrigerator, a piece
of oilcloth in the kitchen was all
the wall-to-wall" carpeting,
little furniture, no appointments,
no "nothin'.'' Yes, my home had
hard times, but we had good
times. It was a spiritual structure
in which I enjoyed the good taste
of life. We did not sit around and
ponder how to "keep up with the
Joneses." instead we discussed
the ethics of our Fathers in order
to develop finer character, more
love for one another and how to
foster a life-lasting fellowship.
We had no hobbies, no bonds, no
stocks, and no stamp collections,
no cares, but we had frugality,
laughter, and parents who set
good examples. My father was
busy davening and teaching in
the little shul
My mother was home 24 hours
a day. She was the last to go to
sleep and the first to rise in the
morning. She always got up at 5
a.m.. no matter what day it was.
Yes, when my mother spoke.
"She opened her mouth in
wisdom." She seldom com-
plained, nor did I ever hear her
boast and shout. "All that I did
for you." She was not a
bookkeeper, who kept a record of
what she did for me. for my
brothers, sisters, and father. She
seldom, if ever, said a word of
How well I remember when she
inspired me with her words of
wisdom. Yes. she praised me and
she scolded me, as she saw fit.
Rabbi Nathan Zelizer
How beautiful and helpful were
her quotations which contained
so much cognizance. Her homely
philosophy accomplished more
than my teachers in making a
"mentch" (a human being) out of
me. When I was lazy, she would
say, "Arbet macht do leben zis,"
my father then adding, "Time is
life: He who kills time is guilty of
murder." That scared me into
looking upon time as the most
precious of all my possessions to
this day. People even now, ask
me, "Rabbi, why are you always
in a hurry?" I tell them, "I have
not time, I am ten years behind in
finishing what I have to do before
my time runs out."
When some little thing upset
me, my mother would comfort me
by saying, "May this be the
worst loss of your entire life." Oh.
how she stressed the need for
good behavior among people.
"Men darf zich shemen mehr far
mentchen den fakr got. Men vert
rnisht orem foon geben," instilled
in me the need for charity.
Instead of "shrein epes." she
would in a "still small voice" say,
"Kler nisht. der ebershter vet
elfen." Yea. I was reared in .
home where mother proved. and I
believed, that "mother kncL.
best." She helped mjtt
duties, develop my abilities and
fulfill my responsibilities &!
helped my family become a uni
and gave us all, a sense of
belonging to each other.
Yea, Irespected the opinion,,]/
my mother, because her opinion.
were worth respecting. When she
opened her mouth, she had
something to say. My Jewijk
mother was a real. Yiddish!
mammi." She did not become the
butt of jokes by comics She wu
not depicted as a "whiner." but
yes. she had to be Jewish to be a
"Jewish mother."
In Leviticus 26-29. it says of
mother in time of crisis: "yon I
shall eat the flesh of your sons
and the flesh of your daughters'"
The Rabbis say that this meant
that a mother that is not a good I
mother can destroy the child,!
both physically and spiritually.
"Tor as Imecho." Mother's
Torah. means mother's daih I
conduct in the kitchen, in the I
market place, and among
neighbors. Only thus, can the
mouth of a mother be used for
healing and not blistering.
Yea, Mother's Day in my home
was an everyday religious ex-
In the plan of God. our
mothers gave us life.
In their kindness, our mothers,
guided our footsteps.
That is why as long as we live,
our mothers are alive in us. in our!
children and for generations to
Of course, not all mothers can
claim this distinction My mother
was the kind of Jewish mother,.
who, until my dying day, will'
make me aware of my love and
appreciation for her
Mv mother!
A familiar sight
at Kutsher's.
,_ > FLORIDA ^
J2J2?L!a^!!!lSl2?,lon-and ^ ** *
stew steps to the goM course, tennis, boeOng end ereno.
of scenery, but e change of pec* "aifmwMmam^
^ff.ffi[ ffP* Qfti> 8lllWMr Eni"rtainffMnt
iwcello. New York 12701 (914) TM-et

1 Friday. April 29, 1983
The Jewish Floridian of South County
WASHINGTON iey could be your average
nup of tourists to the nation's
Ipital with their cameras, rain-
gts, and ID. badges except
khat those badges said Ameri-
can (.athering of Jewish Holo-
caust Survivors," and the home-
owns listed were Lodz, Kovno,
Varsaw. and other European
towns. The ID. cards also bore
the names of Bergen-Belson,
Puchenwald. Maidanek, Ausch-
witz. Hirkenau and other Nazi
death camps.
The 15,000 survivors and their
relatives who assembled to at-
iend this conference here repre-
sented "an unparalled number of
IpartK-ipants not only of survivors
nut in the history of the Ameri-
an Jewish community," accord-
ling i" u (iathering official.
TO HELP house the delegates,
over 400 people in the area of-
fered their homes, including non-
Ijews. many of whom sent
[flowers. Hundreds of volunteers,
[both Jewish and Christian, or-
[ganized by the United Jewish
jAppeal Federation of Greater
IVNashinnton, helped with many
lusks. During the closing
Jdjy. Washington churches of all
faiths rang their bells as a token
|of their solidarity.
One of the primary tasks of the
I Gathering at Washington's huge
new downtown convention center
was the process of matching sur-
vivors to long-lost friends and
relatives. A computer containing
I names of 35,000 Holocaust sur-
jvivora was set up to facilitate this
task. The lirsl two people to be
reunited were Ellie Oking from
Philadelphia with his relative
Sidney Hue liner ot California.
Soon there were additional re-
unions; most,-however, did not
locate the loved ones thev
sought, lost so long ago.
Throughout the three days, the
crowd attended plenary sessions
and workshops, visited the
numerous booths of the major
American Jewish organizations
and other institutions such as
Yad Vashem. and just enjoyed
mingling with one another.
ONE SECTION of the huge
center which attracted many
visitors was the exhibit. "The
Artist as Witness: Art by Sur-
vivors.'' In many different media
the artists. Holocaust survivors,
had chronicled their heart-searing
memories of the doomed ghettos
and the indignities, punishments
and death in the camps of Hit-
ler's "Final Solution."
Many of the conferees also
examined the scale model of the
future United States Holocaust
Memorial Museum to be estab-
lished in two old U.S. govern-
ment buildings near the Wash-
ington Monument on the mall.
The transfer of these buildings
which resemble concentration
camp barracks took place when
Vice President George Bush
presented the keys to the famed
writer, Elie Weisel, chairman of
the U.S. Holocaust Memorial
Another feature of the Gather-
ing was the continuous showing
of several films about the Holo-
caust and taking of videotape
testimonies for the Yale Univer-
sity Documentary and Research
THE SECOND day of the
gathering was devoted to dis-
cussing the role of children of
survivors, the second generation.
These young people attended in
large numbers and many brought
their children to include the third
generation. The Jewish Tele-
graphic Agencv asked some dele-
gates how they felt about attend-
' ing the conference and the inclu-
sion of the second generation.
Esther and Abe Feigenbaum of
Chattanooga, Tenn., who both
lived in the Kovno Ghetto, ex-
pressed a positive opinion about
the value of the huge reunion of
survivors. Mr. Feigenbaum said,
"My feeling is that the second
generations, children of Holo-
caust survivors, must assume the
responsibilities of making sure it
is not forgotten for future
generations, for posterity."
Helen Milich of Flushing,
N.Y.. who was sent from Lodz,
Poland, to several internment
camps, was liberated when she
was 19 years old and came to the
U.S. in 1949. She felt somewhat
sadly that the Gathering "was
almost like reliving those days
. there are no words." Al-
though she is proud of the life she
made for herself in the U.S. and
her fine family, she said, "There
is still so much heartache, so
much turmoil inside you because
you know that your life would
have been entirely different."
ONE OF the two-generation
families attending, that of Esther
Elbaum of Whitestone, N.Y.,
herself a survivor and widow of a
survivor, also used the Gathering
for a family reunion. Her three
children and daughter-in-law
came from both east and west
Her son, Stanley Elbaum of
Woodland Hills, Ca., said, "The
children of survivors have to
carry on and continuously pro-
mote the fact that the Holocaust
will never die. The only way that
Tween Travel (7th and 8th Grades)
Session I
June 13-July 8
1st week Preparation Trip to Keys (3 days)
Day Trip to Castle Park
2nd and 3rd week Washington, D.C. Trip (16 days)
4th week Return from Washington, D.C.
Day at Beach and Barbecue
Session II
July 11-August 5
5th week Preparation Trip to Orlando (3 days)
Day Trip Ice Skating
tith and 7th week Trip to Atlanta, Baton Rouge,
New Orleans (16 days)
8th week Return from New Orleans
Day at Camp with Picnic at Beach
For further information Call:
South County Jewish Federation 368-2737
it will live on is by the children of
the Holocaust survivors being in-
volved in this type of event .
Next year the children of Holo-
caust survivors are staging a
conference themselves."
Like most conferences, the
Gathering was a mixture of
formal speeches and informal dis-
cussions, asking questions and
pondering the right future poli-
cies but it will be many a day
before Washington, a city which
hosts hundreds of conventions
each year, sees a conference as
unique, emotional, and appre-
ciated as the American Gathering
of Jewish Holocaust Survivors.
It could be truly described as "a
Popular Will
The Knesset vote for Chaim Her
zog as Israel's next President
reflected the popular will, accord
ing to an opinion poll published
last week in the Jerusalem Post
Interviewing more than 1,000 re-
spondents, Dr. Naomi Shemer of
Modi'in Ezrachi found 56 percer.
supporting Herzog with only 17.3
percent favoring the coalition
candidate, Supreme Court Jus-
tice Menachem Elon.
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Telephone 392-2002

Page 8
ffc- rj.i --. -~ -
mftttM noru6d*i>f South CbuAty
From Go/da s Book.
Warsaw Memorial
Jewish Bond With Land Is Irrefutable
of remaining a united people des-
pite the many differences which
persist among us.
We are indaad. if I may be per-
mitted tn say so. the most non-
conformist of psoplsj. at toast we
are non-coniormist in oar rela-
tioaahip to each other Each of us
ht impelled to express himself
with great individual emphasis
and firmness, yet despite it all.
our unity as a people remains
strong after the lapse of so many
and in the direst cir-
Lsst night, or rather early this
norning. I sat at my desk and
-ead tens of letters signed by tens
Soviet Jews. Some were
written by groups and some by
ndhiduals. All of them ex-
ressed one idea with such force
hat as I read their words, my
Zionism and my sense of belong-
to this land seemed almost
"ess strong than theirs And who
are they* Middle-aged men in
I hen- fifties or elderly men in their
sixties and se>enties"
I READ a letter signed by ten
Jews, young people born in 1996.
1937.1940.1960. exprstwng their
passionate desire to live then-
lives as Jews in Israel letter
made public in Russia, regardless
of its personal, economy end po-
litical consequences.
In the lace of this phenomenon,
each of us must ask the question:
Whence tins rniracfc? Tee Rus-
sian Jews are living in a spiritual
desert, and what a desert it is'
Yet they express their will to be
with us. to live in Israel Thev de-
clare that their dwelling place is
alien to them, that they belong to
their own land, to the land of Is-
rael. They do not make this pro-
nouncement secretly or in the un-
derground but address it to the
Soviet government and to the
world There is no assurance that
they will ever arrive here. Yet let-
ter after letter ends on the same
note: I am prepared for any-
thing, but I have one desire, and
that is to live and die in Israel."
I am always a little afraid that
precisely here, where it is so
wholesome and easy to be a Jew.
where one can vew oneself and
his own generation as a natural
link to the Jewish past without
any need to argue or to prove the
point, there rurks a potential
danger for the continued strength
of our uniqueness I am some-
times fearful that Jewish con-
sciousness in Israel might be-
come too natural, too unreflec-
-..-.t and that our sabras might
lose the sense of wonder at the
miracle of Jewish survival
SHCK.LD THIS happen,
something very basic would be
missing from the souls of our
young people- But then thev dis-
cover a unity binding them to-
gether beyond the difference of
language and circumstances, that
the strangers i from the Diaspora)
are really dost relative*, mem-
bers of one people. In that way
the young Israelis wiD learn the
great reality of our being one
people, wherever we may be.
united despite all the
that superficially:
Differences in modes of re-
become less arid less important in
the future, for beyond them, the
decisive factor of the unity of Is-
rael everywhere will prevail.
Our bond with this land is not
only spiritual Go out and look:
Israel is made up of a stone here,
a tree there, a road, a hill.
Archaeologists here dwell on the
natural and blessed link between
the Jewish spirit and the concrete
facts of our history, our rooted
ness in the soil of this holy land.
We an not the people of the spirit
in the sense that w* hover be-
tween heaven and earth. We have
earth, and we have sky. Where
there is soil there is also spirit.
This spire cannot be shaken be-
cause it is deeply rooted in its
IT IS POSSIBLE that our fate
still has mam difficulties and
dangers in store for us. However,
just as from my childhood on I
have bebev ed firmly in Jewish in-
dependence, so I believe in per-
fect faith that we will live in a
Jewish state which will be just,
creative and dedicated to the
Jewish spirit.
It will be rich in the enduring
qualities of our age-old and ever-
new tradition, and it wiD be a
Jewish state at peace with our
neighbors Many Jews will come
here, as many already have come,
not because they have no other
choice, but precisely because they
are free to choose the Jewish
state as the one that is the best,
the most beaetiM. and the only
one for them
We're 82 years oW,
and we never looked
*e wr cobb* a beg way spent the ether 50 weeks
sure we used to send of the tear laerssded
law -v- ^-.: feajB dry apanaamts. we t*
frees mks see ef the
StatioB to pet as ear art pairing resects
jraests and boasted asset ef the bed
eiertnnty m ewrn ream Vet deep down we re
FreadK reentry eiare aamtkesaw* Afrwedh
teat became the suewr ilniiiea. iliuiiiaj. IT
refuge of these she pbre where you can get
a a; from the tennaaj
jr is
fa e start ear 9th
feserauoa of hosts
manning in the wax
we $a> to you just as
we w. been saying these
1_ _- ran
bst H \ears
Coast up to the..
And tmyoj yoarsetf
UrmsVVt Vwt Ct>
ttotrt<*Ui &{;*
Jewish Organizations; Rabbi
Isaac Lswin. a leader of Agudath
Israel of America: and Henry
Taub, president of the American
Jewish Joint Distribution Com-
gogues, international branch of
the Conservative movement, will
be represented at the ceremonies
through its vice president, Leon
Jobon, as will the World Federa
lion of Jewish Fighters. Par-
tisans and Camp Inmates,
headed by Stefan Grayek of Is-
rael, its president.
The World Jewish Congress
will be represented at the cere-
monies by Greville Janner. M.P..
of London, president of the Board
of Deputies of British Jews and
\ ice president of the WJC; Dr.
(let-hart Riegner of Geneva,
secretary general of the WJC:
and KaJman Sultanik of New
York, vice president of the
Yad Yashem. the Israel gov
eminent- sponsored Holocaust
museum and documentation cen-
li r in Jerusalem, will be rep-
> m nfrd it the ceremonies by
7. il ..ii Hammer. Israel's
\| -:. i ..f Rducaliua.
Two US Jewish groups have
pauon m tne carsmoruai tv^I
are the Jewish Ubor CoiamiS
and the Workmen's CirckAa?
vhring leader of the Wares
Ghetto uprising. Marek EddnJ
serve on tne roush-govemQu-I
versary here, where ensbvwaai]
and humiliation is now the lot of
e whole society, where words ni
gestures have become nothini I
but lies, would betray the spoil
of our struggle The tre|
memory of the victims aadl
heroes, of the eternal striving hi
truth and freedom, will |J
preserved in the silence of gravel
and of hearts."
Commenting on this stat
ment. Schindler said: "I rect|
nize and appreciate Dr. Edel-1
mans feelings. There is no right I
or wrong here. Each of us muni
decide as the heart dictates."
In Israel. Grayek also re-1
sponded to Edelman's contentiotl
by noting that he had argued I
with the former Warsaw Ghetto)
leader about k. Grayek charged I
that Edelroan was a SocialistI
Bund leader in Poland and hail
always been anti Zionist and had)
failed to spvak out against ami-1
Semitic tendencies in his country.|
Highly qualified Hebrew-Jewish
teacher needed for private day
school. Send resume to Hillel
School, 2801 Bayshore Blvd.,
Tampa, Fl. 33629
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I Oats
UdiSliU li.lLYlCTw W

iy, April 29,1988
nn the Bookshelf
i*f South County
Behind Canada's Immigration Policy
, i. Too Many: Caaa^a-d jointhe fsculty of the Uiuversitv heaxtleM and mrirth.
rjl Jess of Europe 198-1948
'SJ Irving Abella and Harold
hrjoper. Toronto: Looter and
SpSen Dennys, 1982. S38 p.,
Ill'-95- __________________
f/wish Floridian Book Editor
is is a sad and bitter book. It
the woeful story of how
utterly failed to respond
the dire needs of Jewish
es for a safe haven. What
Ices the story particularly
is the change which took
in 1948 when Canada
ned its doors wide and became
I of immigrants. By then, of
irse. it was too late for the
tims of Nazi persecution.
can personally testify to the
Iferent attitude which
evailed in 1948, since that was
year I moved to Canada to
j University
of Toronto. I can still remember
the cordial reception which I
received at the border from the
immigration official who greeted
"Welcome to Canada," he said.
"I hope you will like our country.
In five years, you can become a
citizen." The attitude prior to
1948, as somberly set forth by
Abella and Troper, was comple-
tely opposite to that which I
WHAT MAKES the story so
oppressive is the fact that, since
1948, Canada has been deserved-
ly known as a country which
welcomes immigrants. Indeed,
because of the many new immi-
grants, Toronto is now one of the
most cosmopolitan cities in
North America. But, before 1948,
Toronto was a dull town, and
Canadian immigration policy was
Reagan Promises
A Secure Israel
| Continued from Page 1
|rld closed its gates to us."
at land was Israel, Wiesel said.
therefore, my friends, to re-
r means to be faithful to
el. he added. "And to be
hful means not to apply pres-
ion Israel."
['Israel is the only country in
1 world that is threatened mili-
ily by her enemies and politi-
lly by her friends," he said. "To
nember means to remind those
threaten Israel that it is
ong, morally wrong, humanly
" ____________________
/iesel also said people need to
nember Jews who are not al-
yed to keep their faith in the
lie! Union. "When they go to
bi Yar, they are arrested," said
J, refering to the 1941 mas-
cre of 70,000 Russian Jews by
; Nazis.
'They shouldn't be, and there-
my friends, to remember
Bans to issue an appeal so pow-
that it will break all the in
jfference in the world on behalf
I the Soviet Jews," he added.
I While Reagan spoke of people,
Ich as Wallenberg.f(ho saved
ws, Wiesel used them as an in-
ctment against the world for
doing enough. Yes, there
re people who saved Jews, but,
neael said, they were few, very
"i in numbers. For those who
' help, Wiesel said, "We feel so
ateful that their names will be
ribed in our memory until the
M of all times."
"But remember, my friends,
they served as an indictment be-
cause they proved that it could
have been done. It was possible
to save Jews, but not enough
tried, not enough dared," he said.
Wiesel also talked of the spe-
cial code survivors have among
themselves. "Nobody will ever
understand what we felt. Nobody
will ever know what we know. We
have a code that nobody can
decipher," he said. "Therefore,
when we meet and we smile to
each other and we use one word,
one name, and then we know that
we belong to the same family, to
the seme Jewish family of man,
and women and children."
"Our code is a peculiar code,"
Wiesel said. "Words that to other
people mean something, to us
mean something else."
"Trains to people mean explo-
ration, a sport, leisure," he con-
tinued. "To us, trains mean a
voyage, a journey to the end of
"Wordslike'selection,' which is
a poetic expression, to us it
means fear. It means death."
When Jews tell their tale of
"despair and fear and terror and
death," Wiesel said, "we don't do
it to arouse pity. We don't want
pity. What we want is under-
standing. What we want is an
awareness, a sensitivity. What
we want these people to know is
that what happened once, and
because it happened once, must
not happen again to any people."
Camp Maccabee
An exciting Summer experience within a
Jewish atmosphere.
Varied actMtte* Include:
wwmHtHnQ msnvction
Free Swim DaHy
Arts and Crafts
* Music
Two four-week
School division ___
Mini bus pick-up to and from camp
For Information call
South County Jewish Federation
Jtwtsn Community Contor Dopartmont
heartless and restrictive.
The authors of the book .
Ontario historians who spent four
years meticulously searching
through archives and manuscript
collections in Canada, the United
States, Europe and Israel. They
also interviewed 32 individuals
who were important sources of
information, some of them
having been significant actors in
the melancholy drama.
The value of their thorough-
going research is made clear as
the authors pile up the evidence
for their insistence that, prior to
1948, Canada had one of the
worst records in the world when
it came to admitting refugee
Jews. They recognize that no
country, including our own
United States, has much to be
proud of as a source of sanctuary
for Jewish refugees.
BUT THEY prove beyond any
doubt that Canada, with its vast
spaces, was especially cruel and
heartless in denying admission to
people who were eventually
slaughtered by the Nazis and
who might have been spared.
Before the 1948 change in
policy, Canada admitted a bare
5,000 Jewish refugees. Bolivia
and Chile each admitted about
three times as many; China and
Brazil more than five times as
many, Argentina ten times as
many, Britain 14 times as many,
and the United States 40 times as
How can one account for this
dismal Canadian performance
prior to 1948 in the face of
Canada's current and correct
reputation as a caring, kind
The authors clearly and ad-
mirably set out the answers to
this conundrum, recognizing full
well that there is no simple,
single explanation Anti-
Semitism was certainly a major
element. Hatred of Jews in Que-
bec combined with the strength
of the provincial governments
limited Prime Minister
Mackenzie King's freedom of
action. The weakness of the
Canadian Jewish community and
dissensions within it resulted in
an inability to influence govern-
ment policy.
THERE WAS no great
popular outcry against the
government's callous stance.
Difficulties in the pre-World War
II Canadian economy limited
employment opportunities and
militated against immigration,
The government's perception,
undoubtedly accurate, the* it
would lose rather than gain votes
by admitting Jewish refugees
was another factor.
Perhaps the most important
factor, a basic attitudinal one, in
accounting for the harsh and
indifferent Canadian policy is
reflected in the incident which
gives the book its title: "... an
anonymous senior Canadian offi-
cial ... in the midst of s ram-
bling, off-the-record discussion
with journalists in early 1946,
was asked how many Jews would
be allowed into Canada after the
war. His response, though
spontaneous, seemed to reflect
the prevailing view of a substan-
tial number of his fellow citizens:
'None,' he said, 'is too many.' "
Weicker Assails Reagan Policy;
Says It Places Israel in 'Jeopardy'
Republican Senator assailed the
Reagan Administration for
"acting in such a way as to put
Israel in Jeopardy." Lowell
Weicker of Connecticut told some
1,300 persons at the 71st anni-
versary banquet of the interna-
tional Young Israel movement
here that Israel is America's
"only stable ally" in the Middle
East, and "we must never act in
such a way that would jeopardize
her future."
The event, attended by Israel's
Ashkenazic Chief Rabbi Shlomo
Goren who delivered the benedic-
tion. Mayor Edward Koch of New
York, and Lt. Gov. Alfred Del
Bello, honored a number of local
community, civic and religious
leaders. Weicker, the main
speaker, called on the Reagan
Administration to release the 75
F-16 jet fighter planes ordered by
Israel which have been embar-
goed since last June.
HE URGED Congress at the
same time to "draw the line" at
AWACS and disapprove any
further arms sales to Jordan or
Saudi Arabia until they agree to
participate in the Camp David
peace process.
Weicker also urged the U.S.
and Israel to make every effort to
achieve the withdrawal of all for-
eign forces from Lebanon Is-
raeli, Syrian, Palestinian and the
multinational force of American,
French and Italian troops so
that Lebanon can become once
more a viable nation. He said s
stable Lebanon would stabilize
not only Israel's northern border
but the entire region.
Weicker. who chairs the Senate
Energy Policy Committee,
warned that the temporary
respite in the OPEC price hike
should not induce a sense of com-
Porrpano Beach 2300 North Federat Highway
D'fecfly across from Fashion Square
- i '.t -hi > ru s 94? sioo

Jason Braun
On Saturday. April 30. Jason,
sen of Philip and Judi Braun. will
be called to the Torah of Temple
Beth El of Boca Raton as a Bar
Jason is a student of Boca
Middle School and attends the
Temple Beth El Religious School.
Family members sharing in the
Simcha include include Jason's
grandparents. Morris Mogelever
and Julius and Pauline Braun of
Boca and Pompano Beach, along
with brother. Joshua.
Out of town guests include
Ethel Bernstein and Sheila
Ekelblad of Providence. R.I.
Jason's hobbies are tennis and
fishing. Following services, Mr.
and Mrs. Braun will host a
reception in Jason's honor.
David Birnbaum
On Saturday. April 30, David
Birnbaum, son of Allen and
Judith Mason, will be called to
the Torah of Temple Beth El of
Boca Raton as a Bar Mitzvah.
David is a student of Potomac
School and attends the Temple
Beth El Religious School.
Family members sharing in the
Simcha include David's gran-
dparents. Elsa Aarons of Miami
Beach and Charles and Anna
Monashefsky of New York City,
along with brother. Jason.
Out of town guests include
aunt and cousins, Barbara,
Debbie and Clary Laden of New
York City. David enjoys surfing,
all sports, making rockets and
racing motorized cars.
Following services. Mr. and
Mrs. Mason will host a reception
in David's honor.
Dr. and Mrs. Harold Atschuler
extend an invitation to all family,
friends and congregants to wor-
ship with them when their son,
Jeffrey, is called to the Torah on
the occasion of his Bar Mitzvah
on Saturday morning. April 30 at
9:30a m. at i- naiTorah.
Mr. anu Mrs. Anthony
Camp .ma a .-.ounced that their
son J; n w. railed to the Torah
or th( cca- n o! his Bar Mitz-
\ah on ^atur :.iv Mincha Service.
; Torah.
tu~ r..--. bi>
Community Calendar
April 29
Community Relo'ions Council meeting, 12 noon.
May 1
Diomond Club. 9 a.m. meeting B'nai B'nth Integrity Council
May 2
South County Jewish Federation Career Women, 7:30 p.m.
Women's American ORT-Boca-Glades, 10a.m. Board meeting*
Women's American ORT-North Pines, 10 a.m. Board meeting
Women's League for Israel, 10 a.m Board meeting Hodassah-
Ben Gunon, 1:30 p.m. meeting Free Sons of Israel, 7:30 p.m.
Anshei Emuna-Sisterhood, meeting 12 p.m. Hadassah-Boca
Maariv, 1 p.m. Board meeting B'nai B'nth Boco-Teeca Lodge,
9:30 a.m. meeting Brandeis Women-Boca, 10 a.m. meeting
Temple Beth El-Solos, 7:30 p.m. Board meeting Temple Sinai-
Men's Club. 7:30 p.m. meeting Hadassah-Shalom-Delray, 9:30
a.m. meeting.
May 4
Women's American ORT-Region. 9:30 a.m. executive meeting
Hadassah-Menachem Begin, 9:30 a.m. Board meeting Jewish
War Veterans-Snyder-Tokson Auxiliary. 10a.m. meeting.
Jewish War Veterans-Snyder-Tokson, 10 a.m. meeting Temple
Emeth-Sisterhood. 12 noon meeting B'nai B'rith Women-
Genesis, 10 a.m. Board meeting.
May 6
Brooklyn Friendship Club of Century Village West, 10 a.m.
B'nai B'rith Integrity Council, 9:30 a.m. meeting B'nai Torah
Men's Club, 9:30 a.m. meeting Anshei Emuna-Brotherhood.
9:30a.m. breakfast meeting.
Temple Emeth-Singles. 12:30 p.m. meeting Diamond Club, 9
a.m. meeting Hadassah Association of South County, 9 a.m.
May 10
Zionist Organizotion Association, 8 p.m. meeting Hadassah-
Aviva, 10 a.m. meeting Hadassah-Shalom-Delray, 9:30 a.m.
meeting B'nai Torah, 7:30 p.m. Board meeting Temple
Emeth-Brother hood. 7:30 p.m. meeting.
May 11
B'nai Torah-Sisterhood, 7:30 p.m. Board meeting.
May 12
Temple Beth El-Sisterhood, 10 a.m. Board meeting Jewish
Community Day School, 8 p.m. P.T.A. Elections Hadassah-Ben
Gunon, 9:30 a.m. Board meeting Hadassoh-Sabro, 8 p.m.
installation Hadassah-Ben Gunon, 9:30 o.m. Regular meeting
note change from May 19.__________
Any information, photos, pertaining to formation and early
years of the Jewish Federation in South County for
the purpose of creating accurate historical archives. .
Please contact Federation office Helene Eichler -
368-2737 or mail to the attention of Helene Eichler
.South County Jewish Federation
2200 N. Federal Hwy. Suite 206
Boca Raton. FL 33432
r**r+M*>** 9 WATERFRONT
uondo s & homes
*39,00O to M, 500,000
Call Joey Eichner Realtor 391-9420
John B. Dolan & Co. Realtor
We're on A*1*A In Boca Raton
25% OFF ON
Selection of Frames in Stock *
Point of View Optical
Delmar Shopping Village:
Corner Palmetto Park Road & Powerline
Boca Raton, Florida 392-9355
Eye Exams By Appt Only. Ind. Optometri8t39I-0J*39
With Purchase of Prescription Lenses*Offer Exp. 5-1-83
May. ApfT
May 15
B'noi B'rith Olympic Lodge XI, 9:30a.m. meeting.
May H
B'nai B'nth-Naomi. 1 2:30 p.m. meeting Diamond Club, 9 am.
meeting Women's American ORT-Boca Glades, I p m
meeting Women's American ORT-Pmes North, 12:30 p.m.
meeting Women's League for Israel, 10 o.m. meeting
Federation Annual meeting, 7:30 p.m. B'nai Torah
Women's American ORT-Region Board Planning Conference,
10 a.m. meeting.
Nay 17
B'nai B'rith Delray Lodge, 7:30 p.m. meeting Pioneer Women-
Zipporoh, 10 a.m. meeting.
Temple Beth El-Brotherhood Breakfast 10 a.m. Women's
American ORT-Boca Glades, 12 noon meeting Hadassah-
Menochem Begin, 1 2 noon meeting.
May 19
Temple Emeth-Sisterhood. 12:30 p.m. meeting Women's
American ORT-Oriole, 1 p.m. Board meeting Pioneer Women-
Kinneret, 12:30 p.m. Board meeting American Mizrachi
Women-Kfar, 10a.m. meeting.
May 22
B'nai Torah Men's Club, 9:30 a.m. meeting Temple Emeih-
Smgles, 9:30 a.m. Board meeting.
May 23
Pioneer Women-Kinneret, 1 2:30 p.m meeting Diamond Club,
9 a.m. meeting B'nai B'rith Shomer Lodge No. 3122, 2 p.m.
May 24
Hodossah-Aviva, 11:30 a.m. meeting Pioneer Women-
Zipporah, 12 noon meeting.
May 25
Women's American ORT-Sandalfoot, 1 p.m. meeting
Hadassah-Boca Maariv, 12:30 p.m. meeting Women's
American ORT-Delray, 12:30 p.m. meeting B'nai Torah-
Sisterhood, 7:30 p.m. meeting Hadassah-Menachem Begin, 12
noon meeting.
May 26
Anshei Emuna-Sisterhood, 10 a.m. meeting Temple Beth El, 8
p.m. Board meeting Jewish War Veterans-Auxiliary, 7 p.m.
meeting Jewish War Veterans-Delray, 7 p.m. meeting
Women's American ORT-Onole, 12 noon meeting Jewish War
Veterans-Snyder-Tokson, 10 o.m. Board meeting Temple
Emeth-Brotherhood, 10 a.m. Board meeting Temple Emeth-
Sisterhood, 10 a.m. Board meeting B'nai B'nth-Genesis, 1 p.m.
May 29
Jewish War Veterans-Snyder-Tokson, 11 a.m. Memorial Day
May 30
Diamond Club, 9 o.m. meeting.
Religious Directory
1401 N.W. 4th Ave.. Boca Raton. Fla. 33432. Conservative.
Phone 392 8566. Rabbi Theodore Feldman. Sabbath Services:
Friday at 8:15 p.m.. Saturday at 9:30 a.m. Family Shabbat
Service 2nd Friday of each month. Minyan on Monday and
Thursday mornings at 8:15 a.m.
16189 Carter Road. 1 block south of Linton Blvd. Delray Beach.
FL 33445. Orthodox. Rabbi Dr. Louis L. Sacks. Services daily 8
a.m. and 9 a.m., Saturday. Phone499-9229.
Conservative Services at First Federal Savings & Loan Associa-
tion Offices. West Atlantic, corner Carter road. Delray Beach.
Fridays. 8 p.m. and Oneg Shabbat. Saturdays, 9 a.m. and
Kiddush. Edward Dorfman. President. 6707 Moonlit Drive.
Delray Beach. Fla. 33446. Phone-499-6687. Rabbi Emeritus
Jonah J. Kahn. 499-4182.
333 S.W. Fourth Avenue, Boca Raton, Fla. 33432. Reform.
Phone: 391-8900. Rabbi Merle E. Singer. Assistant Rabbi
Richard Agler, Cantor Martin Rosen. Shabbat Eve Services at 8
p.m. Family Shabbath Service at 8 p.m. 2nd Friday of Each
Mailing Address: P.O. Box 340015. Boca Raton. Fla. 33434.
Conservative. Located in Century Village. Boca. Daily Services
8 a.m. and 5 p.m. Saturday 8:45 a.m.. Sunday 9 a.m. Reuben
Saltzman. President. Joseph M. Pollack. Cantor. 483-6667.
X18? >C.,lrcter,Ro?d-l block *uth of L"tn Blvd.. Delrav Beach,
"* J3445 Orthodox. Rabbi Dr. Louis L. Sacks conducts
bnmir which consists of commentaries on Torah before serv-
ices each day and evening at 7:45 a.m. and 4:45 evening. Serv-
ices daily 8 a.m. and 9 a.m.. Saturday. Phone 499-9229.
Cason United Methodist Church. 342 N. Swinton Ave. icorner
LaKi Ida Kd.l. Delrav ft kefa, PI Reform. Mailing Address- PC
Box .901. Delrav K.a. J3444. Friday at 8:15 p.m. Rabbi
Samuel Silver. Pr< Bernard Etish. -76-6161.
>fcU*S( lCC*:-*-*X;

Friday. April 29,1983
The Jewish Floridian of South County
Page 15
In half an average life-span,
Israel has built a modern democratic state.
Fleeting Episode in Experience of Other Nations
Israel's 35 years of state-
hood are rooted in 35 cen-
turies of Jewish life in the
[land of Israel. In 35 short
years, less than half an
average life-span and in the
jives of many nations no
oore than a fleeting
episode, Israel has built a
aodern, democratic state,
absorbed hundreds of thou-
sands of newcomers and
ieveloped its economy, all
be while being compelled
i defend its very existence.
On May 14, 1948, five months
lafter the United Nations General
Assembly vote paving the way to
[statehood, Israel regained its
[independence to become a
homeland for the Jewish People.
|About 800,000 people lived in the
country 650,000 Jews and
[150,000 Arabs and Druze. In
|l983, Israel's total population is
4,010,000, of which more than
9,000 comprise the country's
\ral> and Druze communities.
ISRAEL IS a pluralistic,
egalitarian society in which
ople of different religious,
ethnic origins and social tradi-
tions co-exist, and every citizen is
equal before the law.
Since 1948, Israel has
welcomed more than 1.7 million
Hews, coming from more than 100
{countries. Many were survivors
of the Holocaust in Europe or
Jews forced to flee from Arab
ands. Others are immigrants
vho want to participate in the
Building of the Jewish state,
today, more than half of the
country's population is Jewish
Israel is basically an urban
ciety. Almost 90 percent of all
Israelis live in more than 112
urban centers and three major
cities Jerusalem, the capital
llpop. 410,0001; Tel Aviv-Jaffa
Ipop. 3,'W.OOOt; and Haifa (pop.
K30.000K Nearly half of Israel's
total population lives in the
[coastal plain bordering the
[Mediterranean, from Nahariya in
W north to Ashkelon in the
In 1948, fewer than 10 Israeli
[towns had populations of over
j 10,000; today there are at least
[65. Some are new development
[towns built since the early 1950s,
[each based on a comprehensive
[plan for housing, employment,
I distribution of services and the
|s\ling of new industry.
RETURN TO the land has
Ibeen one of the central efforts of
1 modern Israel. Some 10 percent
of all Israelis today live in 125
rural centres, 230 kibbutzim and
360 moshavim. The kibbutz
the best kown of Israel's co-
operative agricultural villages
a democratically-run com-
munity in which all property is
ollectively owned and work is
I organized on a shared basis.
About 2.8 percent of Israel's
population are kibbutz members.
Some 3.7 percent of Israelis live
n a moshav a cooperative
village in which each member
family owns and operates its own
farm, but marketing and services
*"* organized on a communal
Education is allocated a major
Portion of Israel's national
b"dget. In 1948-49, 135.000
youngsters attended school in Is-
rael; currently over 1'.26 million
Israeli youth are enrolled in the
country's education system. In
Israel, education is free and
compulsory for all children aged
5"16. and f.-ee for those who
continue through high school.
Today, 88 percent of all three-
year olds and 97 percent of all
four-year olds in Israel attend
Pn-achool programs. the
highest rate in the world.
OVER 116,000 students are
enrolled in Israel's seven ac-
credited universities and other
institutions of higher learning.
Today, Israel boasts more than
2900 educational institutions and
over 76,000 teachers.
In 1948, Israel's 66 hospitals
provided 4620 beds; in 1983,
27,500 beds are available in 48
hospitals throughout the
country. Israel's doctor to
population ratio of 1:415 is one of
the highest in the world. Over 90
percent of Israel's population
receives comprehensive medical
care through one of the com-
pany's voluntary health in-
surance programs.
From a semi-agricultural
economy 35 years ago, Israel has
rapidly developed into a modern
industrial state, whose gross na-
tional product has increased more
than tenfold. Today Israel is
almost self-sufficient in food
supply and its production for
export is shifting to technology-
based industries. Finance, trans-
portation, communications,
construction and other facilities
are highly developed to serve the
country's growing economy.
From S28 million in 1949,
Israel's net export of goods has
climbed to some S4.8 billion in
1982. Today more than 90 per-
cent of all export goods are in-
dustrial products, including
polished diamonds, processed
foods, textiles, chemicals and
plastics. Recently, over 25
percent of Israel's industrial
output has been high-technology
electronic equipment, much of
which has developed as a result of
close collaboration between Is-
rael's scientific research centers
and local manufacturers. About
half of Israel's exports go to
European countries and about 20
percent to the United States.
ISRAEL'S agricultural econo-
my has traditionally been based
on citrus. However, virtually
every kind of farm produce has
been introduced since the
founding of the State. Intensive
cultivation in fields and hot-
houses as well as revolutionary
developments in irrigation and
harvesting have made Israel a
world leader in agricultural
production. Since 1948, the area
of land under cultivation has
increased from 408,000 acres to
1,075,000, while Israel's farm
output has grown from SI30
million to more than $600 million
in the 1980s.
The tourist industry earned
over $900 million in 1982, a year
in which more than a million
visitors came to Israel, attracted
by the country's geographical
diversity, archaelogical and reli-
gious sites, and almost unlimited
sunshine. About 60 percent of the
annual influx of tourists comes
from Europe and some 30 percent
from the United States.
In 1982, about 23,000 tourists
came from Lebanon and Egypt,
in addition to the 100,000 from
Arab countries who have visited
Israel annually via the Jordan
bridges since they were opened in
extensively; 3700 books are
published annually, as are more
than 700 newspapers and maga-
zines. Concert halls are found
throughout the country and the
per capita subscription to per-
formances by the Israel Philhar-
monic Orchestra is the highest in
the world. Dance, drama and all
kinds of visual arts are created
and widely appreciated. Some 90
museums record more than 10
million visitors each year, while
25 official outdoor sites and 180
national parks and nature
reserves welcome about 6.5
million annually.
After years of conflict in the
Middle East the State of Israel
and the Arab Republic of Egypt
concluded a Treaty of Peace in
1979. Israel hopes that the
general development of peaceful
and mutually fruitful relations
with its other Arab neighbors will
move forward.
Take TWA to Europe
and take off up to 51%.
[ /S* ~ "\ % Kj W si' t
. i iM-vy

r"i i\ f* *k
i 1 -*'*
' 1 ipfli
Now get great savings
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guarantee these low summer fares.
Roundtrip Airfares!
TWA also has great deals
on vacation packages. Almost all
of our 72 Getaway* Europe
Vacations are now priced less
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TWAs Europe. For reserva-
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call your travel agent or TWA in
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t Add $3.00 departure tax.
FARE CONDITIONS' Some fares subject to government approval. There are advance purchase and minimum/maximum stay
reoutrements ae well a* cancellation penalties associated with these fares which vary by destination. Certain fares require travel
onspacaV days of the week Travel at these fares must ortoJia .Al laws raqs^wiuaiiMil|i purchase aa1 aw swbysct to chanfle.

Page 8
Page 16
The Jewish Floridian of South County
Friday, April 29


t\4 I
* '**



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1 ^A

More than 1,000 happy Jews,
celebrated Israel Independence
Day in South County with a day-
long celebration sponsored by the
Community Relations Council of
the Federation ;- ^operation
ith area svnag- md Jewish a ssional
entertainment was provided in
the sanctuary and social hall of
Temple Beth El of Boca Raton.
The program was chaired by
Rose Rifkin, Mid-East Task
Force Chairperson of the
Community Relations Council
and was addressed by James
Baer, President of the South
County Jewish Federation. The
Colors were presented by the
Jewish War Veteran*, Snyder
Tokson Post No. 469 and Post
Ribbons were awarded for the
best posters in the area-wide
religious school poster contest
For grades 4-6, first prize win-
ners, Erik Persoff and Mike
Levy; second prize, Emily
Cohen; third prize, Danielle
Rafer. For grades 2-3. first prize
winner, Steven Cohen; second
prize, Michael Shaffer; third
prize, Carolyn Grantz. For grades
K-l, first prise winner Lee
Shaffer; second prize, Si
and third prize Stefanie Leil-1
CRC Chairperson. Msri
Bobick indicated great
tion at the fact that the fair |
tiriued throughout the day
was a beautiful day both'
sically and spiritually.''

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