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EDUCATION* RESEARCH SERVICE
UNIV. OF FLCL .
P ,r A. 4 2009
The Farmer Cooperative Service
conducts research studies and service
activities of assistance to farmers in
connection with cooperatives engaged
in marketing farm products, purchasing
farm supplies, and supplying business
services. The work of the Service re-
lates to problems of management, or-
ganization, policies, merchandising,
product quality, costs, efficiency, fi-
nancing, and membership.
The Service publishes the results
of such studies; confers and advises
with officials of farmer cooperatives;
and works with educational agencies,
cooperatives, and others in the dis-
semination of information relating to
cooperative principles and practices.
It is the desire of Farmer Cooper-
ative Service to help farmers in every
possible way to improve their economic
position through sound development of
JOSEPH G. KNAPP, Administrator
Farmer Cooperative Service
U. S. Department of Agriculture
FCS can help ------------------
Organization of FCS ------------
Digitized by the Internet Archi. e
in 2012 with funding from
University of Florida, George A. Smathers Libraries with support from L'i RASIS and the Sloan Foundatlon
FARMER COOPERATIVE SERVICE
The function of Farmer Cooperative
Service, U. S. Department of Agri-
culture, is to help farmers improve
their economic position through the
development and operation of sound
Research, advisory service, and
educational work with farmer cooper-
atives has been going on in the De-
partment of Agriculture since 1913
when Congress first provided specific
funds for this type of work. Today
this program is carried on under
authority of the Cooperative Marketing
Act of 1926.
Farmer Cooperative Service (FCS)
is the agency in the Department that
deals with problems of farmers in
operating their own cooperative busi-
4 OUT OF 5 FARMERS
ARE MEMBERS OF COOPERATIVES
The work of FCS touches on the
lives of more than 4 out of 5 U. S.
farmers. These farmers market prod-
ucts, buy supplies, or get business
services through their own cooper-
ative business enterprises.
The foundation of our program is
research--with basic studies on organ-
ization, financing, management, ac-
counting, merchandising, transporta-
tion, and other aspects of farmer
Illustrative of FCS research have
been our studies of cooperative re-
volving funds and financing structure,
selecting and functioning of boards of
directors, and methods of improving
membership understanding. Many of
our studies are designed to promote
marketing and purchasing organiza-
tional efficiency. The value of these
studies shows up in increased net
returns for farmers.
Research work is not completed
unless it is put to use. Members of
FCS staff in advisory capacities help
farmers in a cooperative or group of
cooperatives with urgent problems.
For example, FCS has helped many
cooperatives on problems of consoli-
dation and operation. Much of this
work -- which has greatly improved
service to farmers while providing
them with substantial savings -- is
done in cooperation with the local
land-grant colleges and universities.
Education in sound cooperative
principles and practices is the third
responsibility of F.C.S. Results of
its studies are disseminated in pub-
lications and talks, at workshops and
clinics, and through many other out-
lets. The staff provides source mate-
rial for cooperatives, county agents,
other Extension workers, colleges,
vocational agricultural teachers, farm
organizations and all others interested
in farmer cooperative organizations.
FCS issues a monthly magazine, the
News for Farmer Cooperatives, to get
research results and other needed in-
formation out quickly. Many of the
articles, written by cooperative man-
agement as well, as FCS staff, give
down-to-earth facts about specific
farmer cooperatives, their operations,
and their problems.
One of our most valuable FCS pub-
lications is "Statistics of Farmer Coop-
eratives." This annual reportprovides
a complete record of farmer cooper-
ative growth and development. It is
widely used by cooperatives and public
agencies of various types.
-*"- *.. "
This report presents the latest
figures available on cooperative vol-
ume and membership broken down by
States and types of commodities.
It is of striking significance that 95
percent of all farmer marketing and
purchasing cooperatives voluntarily
provide current information for use
in this survey.
FCS Can Help
Through the years, FCS has built
a storehouse of valuable information
for those interested in farmer cooper-
--Suppose a farmer is one of a group
interested in the possibility of organ-
izing a cooperative to market farm
products or purchase farm supplies.
--Or, suppose a cooperative is hav-
ing trouble with some phase of its
In such instances FCS is often able
to help. The problem may call for
direct study to meet specific needs.
However, no new research may be
called for, as previous studies may
provide the essential information re-
Organization of F C S
following chart shows how
Cooperative Service is set up
FARMER COOPERATIVE SERVICE
Cotton & Oilseeds
Fruit & Vegetables
G a in
Livestock & Wool
Frozen Food Locker
History & Statistics
How the Farmer Cooperative Serv-
ice fits into the U. S. Department of
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This is Farmer Cooperative Serv-
ice. These are some of the ways it
carries out its responsibility--to help
farmers improve their income through
use of cooperatives in marketing farm
products and in obtaining needed farm
supplies and related services,
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
If I 3 1 11262 08500 2227111111DB lI1 IN II I ID III 11111
3 1262 08500 2227
The Story of Farmer's Cooperatives.
Educational Circular 1.
Helping Farmers Build Cooperatives.
a Farmer Cooperative.
Financing Farmer Cooperatives. Ed-
ucational Circular 5
How the Work of FCS With Farmer
Cooperatives Contributes to the Na-
tional Interest. Information 25.
Cooperatives in the American Private
Enterprise System. Information 24.
Co-ops Have a Place in Rural Com-
munity Progress. Information 23.
A copy of these publications may be
obtained upon request while a supply
is available from --
FARMER COOPERATIVE SERVICE
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
WASHINGTON 25, D.C.
Growth Through Agricultural Prc fes
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