Revitalization of the West King District

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Material Information

Title:
Revitalization of the West King District
Physical Description:
Book
Creator:
Marlborough, Russell
Publisher:
School of Landscape Architecture and Planning, College of Design, Construction and Planning, University of Florida
Place of Publication:
Gainesville, Fla.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
St. Augustine
Enliven
Live
Work
Play

Notes

Abstract:
St. Augustine is known as "Americas oldest city" and also one of the most walkable places in America. St. Augustine is in the northeast quadrant of Florida in St. Johns county. The driving focus of this proposed project is to reconnect and revitalize one of the fragmented areas of West. Augustine, W. King Street. West Augustine is in dire need of a makeover. This is one of the major entrances to the historic area and does not serve its purpose as this. The Main goal of this project is to create a master plan with a network of green spaces for King St. from Flagler College to west of US1 that will invigorate the dilapidated areas of West Augustine and impel future Economic Growth.
General Note:
Landscape Architecture capstone project

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Source Institution:
University of Florida Institutional Repository
Holding Location:
University of Florida
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All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
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AA00013332:00002


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1 Revitalivzation of the West King DistrictRevitalization of the West King DistrictRussell Marlborough University of Florida College of Design, Construction and Planning Department of Landscape Architecture Senior Capstone Project 2012

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2 Revitalivzation of the West King District

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3 Revitalivzation of the West King District A senior Project presented in partial ful llment of the requirements for the degree of bachelor of landscape architecture Prepared by: Russell Marlborough Capstone Advisor: Lestor Linscott Spring2012

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4 Revitalivzation of the West King District

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5 Revitalivzation of the West King District I would like to thank Linda Zylman, Richard Rutlage, and Bert Kerbs of Innocenti and Webel for their guidance the past ve years. I owe my love and passion for Landscape architecture to you guys. I would also like to thank the City of St. Augustine and Nancy Nikes Kline for their help obtaining the necessities to complete this project. And most of all to my studio family, the Landscape Architecture class of 2012! Thank y ou all for the best college experience these past ve years! You guys are awesome!

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6 Revitalivzation of the West King District

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7 Revitalivzation of the West King District I dedicate this book to the best family in the world. Mom, Dad, and Dan I wouldnt be where i am today without you guys.

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8 Revitalivzation of the West King DistrictAbstract IntroductionContext........................................................................................................................ ....................... History........................................................................................................................ ....................... Project Location............................................................................................................... .................Inventory & AnalysisExisting Land Uses............................................................................................................. ............... Visitor Experience............................................................................................................. ................ Access and Circulation......................................................................................................... .............. Existing Green Space and Canopy Cover......................................................................................... User Analysis.................................................................................................................. .................. Bike Study..................................................................................................................... .................... Focus Group Data............................................................................................................... ...............SynthesisOpportunities & Constraints.................................................................................................... ........... Case Studies................................................................................................................... .................... Goals & Objectives............................................................................................................. ............... Program........................................................................................................................ ..................... Table of Contents

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9 Revitalivzation of the West King DistrictDesign DevelopmentConcepts & Diagrams............................................................................................................ ............. Master Plan.................................................................................................................... ................... Node Design.................................................................................................................... .................. Streetscape Design............................................................................................................. ............... Architectural Character........................................................................................................ ............. Signage........................................................................................................................ .....................Design GuidelinesRight of Way................................................................................................................... ................... Parking........................................................................................................................ ...................... Surface Parking & Parking Requirements......................................................................................... On-street Parking.............................................................................................................. ................ Street Lighting................................................................................................................ ................... Crosswalks..................................................................................................................... ..................... Street Trees & Landscaping..................................................................................................... ........ Signage........................................................................................................................ ....................... Round-a-bout................................................................................................................... .................. Future Development............................................................................................................. ..............Conclusions References Table of Contents

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11 Revitalivzation of the West King DistrictChapter 1Inventory & Analysis

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12 Revitalivzation of the West King District St. Johns County is located in the Northeast quatrant of Florida just south of Jacksonville. Location St. Johns County

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13 Revitalivzation of the West King District introduction West King Street is a portion of County Road 214 located west of Historic Downtown St. Augustine. West King Street is a major e ntrance from the west into the historic downtown St. Augustine. It collects traf c from US 1 which leads north to the air port and to the city of Jacksonville, FL. Context Project Location

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14 Revitalivzation of the West King District St. Augustine is known as “Americas oldest city” and also one of the most walkable in America. St. Augustine is in the northeas t quadrant of Florida in the county of St. Johns. Spanish admiral and explorer Pedro Menndez de Avils founded this potion of “The Fist Coast” on Au gust 28, 1565, the feast day of Augustine of Hippo. Since Aviles landed in 1565 St. Augustine has been through British rule, a second Spanish rule American rule and the Henry Flagler era. St. Augustine is home to Flagler college named after Henry Flagler the American tycoon, real estate prom oter, railroad developer and partner of John D. Rockefeller in Standard Oil. Also located in St. Augustine is also home to the old Florida East Coa st Railway headquarters but was relocated to Jacksonville in 2006. Today St. Augustine is a tourist hot spot for its old city feel and attractions such as the Castillo de San Marco and ghost tours. History St. Augustine, FL

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15 Revitalivzation of the West King District Context Project Location The relatively at site is located between the San Sebastian Winery and the Florida East Coast railroad tracks a mile west of US1.

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16 Revitalivzation of the West King District Analysis Existing Land UseWest King is a two lane commercial corridor street surrounded by one to two story residential and commercial buildings. No stru ctures on West King Street possess historic value. The immediate land uses of west king street are predominantly commercial and residential with some institutional and other muni cipalities. There is also an abundance of vacant properties in the west king street area that have tremendous potential for redevelopment.

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17 Revitalivzation of the West King District Analysis Existing Land Use

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18 Revitalivzation of the West King District Analysis Visitor Experience

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19 Revitalivzation of the West King District Analysis Visitor Experience

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20 Revitalivzation of the West King District Analysis Existing Green Space & CanopyTree Canopy along King Street is heavily lacking. The lack of street trees along King Street and the disconected green spaces i s visually unappealing and discourages users from walking the West King District. Green SpaceCanopy

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21 Revitalivzation of the West King District Analysis Existing Green Space & Canopy

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22 Revitalivzation of the West King District Analysis User Groups1. Residents of West Augustine. 2. Merchants of West King. 3. Visitors to the West King District. 4. Students of Flagler College.

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23 Revitalivzation of the West King District Analysis Bike StudySt. Augustine recently completed a bike study for the entire city to be completed by 2015. The vision of this plan is that resi dents and visitors of St. Augustine will have the ability to get around safely on bicycles. The bike plan includes a network of bike routes, improvements in bicycle parking, the development of safety measures for observed issues, as well as an outline of how to complete this in a timely fashion. Route 8: Downtown to West Augustine Park goes right through the West King District and provides connection between West Augusti ne and Downtown. Recommendations for the area include: -Remove raised pavement markings west of Whitney Street. -Widen shoulder and/or narrow lanes to create bike lanes west of Whitney Street. -Investigate ways to mark around drainage inlets and ll gaps around grates. -Install SHARED LANE MARKINGS between Whitney Street and State Road 5/US1. -Install SHARED LANE MARKINGS between state Road 5 and Cordova Street. -Install SHARED LANE MARKINGS between Cordova street and St. George Street. -Replace grate at intersection with Cordova Street.

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24 Revitalivzation of the West King District Analysis Focus Group Data During a Phone interview on 1.19.12 with the Nancy Sikes Cline the City Manager involved with the West King District and long time resident, these are the concerns they expressed to me: Broudys Liquor Wall (unattractive): A Plain wall was built by the owner of broudys liquor to block the parking lot of the mecha nic that shares the parking lot with them. Suggestion: Demolish or turn it into a mural wall. Parking: Parking: There is very little public parking in the West King District. This discourages people from exploring and vis iting the business’s in the area. Suggestions: Add on street parking in areas in front of business’s and west of railroad tracks. Trash Cans: There are no trash cans along west king street for visitors and residents to dispose of waste. Bicycle Safety: Bicyclists are sharing lanes with cars and there is no indication of this on roads. Suggestion: Use the bike study St. Augustine just completed to make bicycling safer in the West King District. Open space at US1 Corner: Open space at the corner of West King and US1 is a major eye sore and provides no sense of entrance t o the West King district.

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25 Revitalivzation of the West King District Analysis Focus Group DataDuring my site visit on 2.10.12 I spoke to numerous business owners about issues in the area, these are the concerns they expre ssed to me: Crime: Due to the Crime rate and the lack of lighting, West King Street makes Business owners afraid to leave work at night and makes them worry about break-ins. Suggestions: Use CEPTED Design Principles to make the West King District a safer place. Pedestrians Safety: Crosswalks are relatively absent on West King Street accept for at traf c lights. The area needs more crosswalks to provide adequate safety for pedestrians to roam about the West King District. Sidewalks: Sidewalks are very thin in areas and very close to traf c. Suggestions: Remove Utility lines and add street vegetation. Parking: There is very little public parking in the West King District. This discourages people from exploring and visiting the business’s in the area. Suggestions: Add on street parking in areas in front of business’s and west of railroad tracks. Trash Cans: There are no trash cans along west king street for visitors and residents to dispose of waste. Signage: There is nothing informing people of the West King District and inviting them further west of the Historic Downtown A rea.

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27 Revitalivzation of the West King DistrictChapter 2Synthesis Based on the information I gathered during the inventory and analysis phases of the project, the west king district has many interesting opportunities and constraints.

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28 Revitalivzation of the West King District Synthesis Opportunities & Constraints

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29 Revitalivzation of the West King District Synthesis Opportunities & ConstraintsSan Sebastian Winery. Great anchor point for moving people from the Historic Downtown area to the West King District. Ervin Lovett & Miller of Jacksonville designed a 14 acre marina to be built behind the San Sebastian Winery. The marina was to included 17,000 sq ft of retail along king street, 96 condominium units, 15 residential/ of ce units, and an 82 room four diamond hotel. But was halted but the economy crash and construction barely begun. Opportunity for open space. No sense of an entrance to either historic downtown St. Augustine nor to the west king district and the intersection is confusing. Vacant lot on the SW corner of King and US1 intersection could be a great opportunity for a park and entrance experience.

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30 Revitalivzation of the West King District Synthesis Opportunities & Constraints

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31 Revitalivzation of the West King District Wall in front of broudys liqour store is said to be an eye sore and could be tore down or turned into a mural wall. Vacant Proporties along king street are great opportunities for parks. Open space along railroad provides an opportunity for a linear park and bike trail. The ROW on the immediate east side of the Rail road tracks are wide enough to incorporate complete street principles in the area. Synthesis Opportunities & Constraints

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32 Revitalivzation of the West King District Synthesis Opportunities & Constraints

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33 Revitalivzation of the West King District The ROW west of railroad tracks is much wider than the majority of west king street. Provides the room to incorporate complete street principles in the area. Depression area on the western portion of West King is a good opportunity for a retention pond and to continue the linear park. Nights of Lights is an event put on by the city of St. Augustine every year between November 19th and January 31st. Nights of Lights is a major tourist attraction and great opportunity to invigorate the economy of the West King District. http://www. oridashistoriccoast.com/nights/photos/ Synthesis Opportunities & Constraints

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34 Revitalivzation of the West King District Synthesis Opportunities & Constraints

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35 Revitalivzation of the West King District Sidewalks are very thin in areas and dont meet safty standards. Streets lack lighting that could make the area safer. Utility poles are an eye sore to the west king district buisness’s. Blighted Structures and Proporties such as this one are bringing down the visual aestetics of the area. Buying some of these proporties can provide urban in l opportunities Vacant proporties provide opportunitys for a park system and area to addequet vegetation for the area. Synthesis Opportunities & Constraints

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36 Revitalivzation of the West King District Give the West King District a Sense of Place. Identify and emphasize West Augustine’s personality. Implement Urban In ll Development Principles to jump start the communities economy, promote growth of the area, and give people a reason to explore this community. Provide Solutions for Circulation Problems: Pedestrian, Bicycle, and Vehicular traf c issues. Create connections between nodes and existing green spaces. Rethink parking areas to balance access and circulation along west king street. Give pedestrians adequate space to walk, shop, dine and enjoy their visit. Use the Bike Study that was just completed to increase bike saftey. Create Access and Signage Visitors to St. Augustine are relatively unaware of the West King District. Provide adequate signage in key places to encourage visitors and residents of St. Augustine to explore West Augustine. Create G ateways at the intersection of US1 and the railroad crossing at the west end of the project location to make visitors aware of the area and beut ify the the ugly picture West Augustine has currently. Synthesis Goals & Objectives

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37 Revitalivzation of the West King District The Focus Group Data collected in the analysis phase of this project was the driving factor for the Program Developed. Nights of LightsBring the popular Nights of Lights event to the West King District. ParkingRethink existing Parking to Provide Shared parking lots for the surrounding businesses. Linear Park DesignUtilize the area around the existing railroad to incorporate a new linear park along tracks. Signage & Promotion Impliment a signage plan to help increase understanding of west king street as a destination for visitors of st. augustine as well as its residents. Entry Experience at US1Redesign the SW, SE, and NW corners of the US1 intersection to create an appropriate entrence experien ce. Entryway at Railroad TracksGive visitors the curious urge to explore west king street by giving them a peek into the linear p ark and with the use of architecture and signage. Streetscape DesignProvide Street trees to help with Shade for West King Street Widen Sidewalks Incorporate crosswalks with signs and colors at key locations to safely move visitors across the street. Provide adequate lighting for the West King District so that people feel safe walking among the streets after dark. Use Paving and other elements to give more personality to the area. Local Grocery StoreProvide the residents of the West King District with a place to grocery store close to home. I95 on and off rampIncorporate an ingress egress point where Country Road 214 intersects with I95 to impel future economic gr owth. Synthesis Program

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38 Revitalivzation of the West King District

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39 Revitalivzation of the West King DistrictChapter 3 Design Stratagies

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40 Revitalivzation of the West King District CONCEPTDIAGRAMSUsers DiagramProgram DiagramConcept Development -Create a Network of green spaces linking the West King District. -Create a place people will rave about and tell their friends they have to visit. -Build on existing business district

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41 Revitalivzation of the West King District P.P. Pocket Park R.A. Round About SPC. Specialty Store SVC. Service O.S. Open Space P.B. Parking Below O. A. Of ce Above L. A. Living Above M.F. MultiFamily A. L. W. Artist Live Work Rest. Public Restrooms B. W. Boardwalk P. R. Prominade R.T. RetailCONCEPTFINAL

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42 Revitalivzation of the West King District Revitalivzation of the West Ki ng D istric t MASTER

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43 Revitalivzation of the West King District Re Re Re Re Re Re Re Re Re Re Re vi vi vi vi vi vi vi vi vi v ta ta ta ta ta ta a ta ta ta a li li li li li li li li li l vz at io n of the W W W W W est King Dis tr ic t t t t t PLAN

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44 Revitalivzation of the West King District Palmer Street & Pedestrian Mall Node 1. New Pedestrian Mall 2. Round About 3. Fountains 4. Raised Lawn 5. Ped Mall Crosswalk 6. Angled Parking King Street King StreetPalmer StreetPalmer Street1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

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45 Revitalivzation of the West King District A seventy ve foot wide pedestrian mall was added to west king street to encourage people to visit the area, stroll around, shop, have something to eat and enjoy the local artists work from a sidewalk gallery perspective. The Pedestrian mall runs north south and intersects the east west linear park which runs along the northern portion of the site.Image BoardBird’s Eye Perspective of Pedestrian Mall Palmer Street & Pedestrian Mall Node

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46 Revitalivzation of the West King District Linear Park & Pedestrian Mall Node 1. Linear Park 2. Pedestrian Mall 3. Railroad Buffer 4. Seating Area 5. Sunken Seating Area 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.Palmer Street

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47 Revitalivzation of the West King District Linear Park & Pedestrian Mall NodeThe Florida East Coast Railroad runs along the northern portion of the entire site. Currently there is a 85-100 foot buffer bet ween the tracks and the existing buildings. The right of way now includes a linear park for visitors and residents to enjoy. The connection between the Pedestrian Mall and the Linear Park will promote visitors and residents to walk, skateboard and bike around the West King District. Linear park wil l be buffered from the railroad by trees and other plantings which will also act as a screen to the visually unappealing train.Section: Linear Park & Ped Mall Intersection Image Board

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48 Revitalivzation of the West King District West King Community Park Node 1.Tot Lot 2. Interactive fountain 3. Open grass feild 4. Linear Park 5. Event Plaza 6. Fountain 1. 5. 2. 4. 3. 6.

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49 Revitalivzation of the West King District West King Community Park NodeOn the north east portion of the site behind the old grocery store is the new West King Community Park. Transformed from an abandoned open area, the space now can act as a meeting place for visitors and residents to enjoy a sunny day. Perspective of new Community Park Section of new Community Park Image Board

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51 Revitalivzation of the West King DistrictChapter 4 Character of The West King District

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52 Revitalivzation of the West King District Street Scape Design: Wide Sidewalks & Bus Stop ROW along West King Street uxuates between about 40 and 70 feet. The new design incorporates four different roadway layouts along West King Street. All travel lanes are 12’ wide and are shared vehicle and bike lanes. New design includes a 12’ wide bus pull off for bus’s and trollys in the area.

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53 Revitalivzation of the West King District Street Scape Design: On Street ParkingOnStreet Parking located in select areas along king street away from commercial area. Shared lanes are to continue through pa rking areas.

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54 Revitalivzation of the West King DistrictArchitectural Character Architectural Character Elevation: Retail with Of ce and Living space above Flagler College Lightner Museum Old FEC Headquarters Architectural Character Elevation: Retail Architectural Character is a major part of making West King Street feel like it is a part of St. Augustine but still have its own personality.

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55 Revitalivzation of the West King District Streetscape Elevations Streetscape Elevation: Retail w/ of ce & living space above Streetscape Elevation: Retail

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56 Revitalivzation of the West King DistrictSignage Signage is to be added to help give a personality to the West King District. Local Artists will be encouraged to submit work for signage for the district as well as art show signage and yers.

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57 Revitalivzation of the West King DistrictSite Elements Street Lamp with signage polesStreet Lamp with Flower BasketsCity Trash bin example

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58 Revitalivzation of the West King District

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59 Revitalivzation of the West King DistrictChapter 5 Design Guidelines

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60 Revitalivzation of the West King DistrictGuidlines for DesignRight-of-Way Design Guidelines Widen Right-of-Way in certain areas to be a minimum of 65’. Widen travel lanes to 12’ to make room for shared lanes and widen s idewalks in within the new Right-of-Way. Shared Lane makings to be incorporated all along West King Street. Shared Lane Markings for travel lanes. Parking Statistics New on street parking spaces are to be added in select locations throughout West King Street. Other parking areas to be located behind buildings or on the rst oor of Some buildings And Second two oors of others. Parking 3 story garage to be constructed west of the commercial district to aid in parking for events in the district. Surface Parking and parking Requirements Minimal parking requirements and standards for businesses located on West King Street should not be required. All parking new p arking lots are shared parking areas that are owned and maintained by the city of St. Augustine. On-street parking (Angled & Parallel) New design for on street parking is to incorporate planted bulb outs every 710 parking spaces to create sight lines to store fronts along west king street as well as shielding cars at intersections. These bulb outs also reduce the area pedestrians travel to cross King Street Source: Downtown Delray Beach Master Plan

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61 Revitalivzation of the West King District Street Lighting Utilities are to be relocated underground to improve visual aesthetics along West King Street. Lighting to be in correspondence with that of the Historic Downtown St. Augustine. Planter baskets and signage poles attached to light poles for promotions and aesthetic purposes. Round-A-bout Design Round-a-bout’s are to follow FDOT guidelines in correspondence with the number of lanes. Round-a-bouts are to have Standard 12’ travel lanes as well as an extra 5’-10’ buffer from the center island of the round-a-bout to aid emergency vehicles passing through. Center isl ands to be planted but not obstruct vision of drivers as made apparent by FDOT. Cross-walk Design Florida department of transportation approved crosswalks are to be incorporated in the design for pedestrian safety in the area Pedestrian crosswalk signs are to be located in-street when crosswalks are not near a round-a-bout, and on the side of the road well before round-abouts to allow drivers time to slow down for pedestrians. Guidlines for Design Standard Pedestrian Crosswalk Road SignIn-street Pedestrian Crosswalk Sign

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62 Revitalivzation of the West King DistrictGuidlines for DesignLandscape and Street trees Street trees are to be Washington Palms (Washingtonia robusta), Cabbage Palm (Sabal palmetto), and Winged Elms (Ulmas alata). T ree spacing to be 15 feet on center for palms and 25 feet on center for elms. Annuals are suggested to be planted in various locations includ ing planter baskets on street lamps. Plant material should be non invasive Florida friendly plants. Plant material is to be planted in such a way that it doesn’t obstruct sight lines of drivers. It will be necessary to complete planting plans for each block of the site. Plantings are to stay relatively cohesive throughou t. Planting Suggestions West King Street, the Pedestrian Mall, and the Community Park may include but not restricted to plants suc h as these: Trees: Magnolia grandi ora Southern Magnolia Cercis canadensis Eastern Redbud Viburnum obovatum Walters Viburnum Plantanus occidentalis Sycamore Shrubs and other low plantings: Nephrolepis exaltata Boston Fern Deites iridioides African Iris Muhlenbergia capillaries Muhly Grass Loropetalum chinense Chinese Fringe Bush Liriope muscari Liriope Juniperus conferta Shore Juniper

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63 Revitalivzation of the West King District Signage Signage for the West King District is in progress by a local artist in the area. Other artists will be encouraged to design sig nage for the area as well as events such as an art walk. The new signage for the West King District will be added to the St. Augustine Visitor Information Center (VIC) to promote the a rea. Signage will meet St. Augustine’s guidelines for signage. Future Development Future Development of the West King District should include an on/off ramp to Interstate 95. The lack of an on/off ramp to thi s major interstate highway restricts the West King District and areas west of it from reaching its full potential. Possible Light Rail to take over FEC Railway in the distant future. Architectural Character The Architecture of West King is to be in similar to building in the historic downtown but not mimic exactly. Colors, Roof Stru ctures, and building accents are areas of character focus. Guidlines for Design

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65 Revitalivzation of the West King DistrictChapter 6 Conclusions

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67 Revitalivzation of the West King DistrictConclusionsIn conclusion, The West King District has many opportunities for beauti cation but will have to be done sensitivly and in phases. The implimentation of parts of my project will depend on whether or not the nessesary infrastructure can be obtained so that bu ildings have the correct utilities.. The West King District will not be something dont in a few years but over time, butzz project will be a very rewarding in the e nd

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69 Revitalivzation of the West King DistrictReferences Image Sittings In the order that they appear: http://www. oridamemory.com/items/show/14214 http://www.answers.com/topic/castillo-de-san-marcos http://www.daviswince.com/2011/08/colorado-area-serves-as-case-study-for-u-s-retail-overview/ http://www. oridashistoriccoast.com/things-to-do/dining/ http://buildipedia.com/in-studio/featured-architecture/urban-redevelopment1111-lincoln-road http://plusmood.com/2010/04/dublin%E2%80%99s-grand-canal-square-martha-schwartz-partners-msp/ http://chinasights.blogspot.com/2008/08/linear-parks.html http://www.bcparks.org/jsps/linear_park.jsp http://playgallery.org/stories/hammond/ http://www.manhattancvb.org/index.aspx?NID=60 http://www.hsvcity.com/gis/greenways_new/AtwoodGW.htm http://www.roundrocktexas.gov/home/index.asp?page=1518 http://www.citywindsor.ca/residents/Recreation/Special-Events/Pages/Special-Events.aspx

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70 Revitalivzation of the West King DistrictReferences Source: www.sebastianinlandharbor.com http://education-portal.com/articles/20_Gorgeous_College_Campuses.html http://www.eastcoastcondos.com/Around%20Town.htm http://trainweb.org/vrt/AmtrakFEC/ http://www. ickriver.com/photos/8310125@N05/favorites/ http://www.propheaven.com/incEngine/?content=store&product=1030201254 Spoken: Jeremy Marquis Principal of Halback Design Group Nancy Sikes KlineCity Commissioner Valerie l. CasonGIS Coordinator of the city of St. Augustine Michelle Regan Graduate of the University of Florida, 2011

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Revitalization of the West King District Welcome to my presentation of the By: Russell Marlborough

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Project location is St. Johns County Florida

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st historic streets and city plans, St. Augustine is in the northeast quadrant of Florida in the county of St. Johns. Spanish ad mir al and ipp o. Since Aviles landed in 1565, St. Augustine has been through British rule, a second Spanish rule, American rule and the Henry Fla gler era. St. Augustine is home to Flagler college named after Henry Flagler the American tycoon, real estate promoter, railroad develo per and partner of John D. Rockefeller in Standard Oil. Also located in St. Augustine is also home to the old Florida East Coast Rail way headquarters but was relocated to Jacksonville in 2006. Today St. Augustine is a tourist hot spot for its old city feel and a ttr actions such as the Castillo de San Marco, its ghost tours, the Government House Museum, and much more. Brief History

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West King Street is a portion of County Road 214 that runs east to west. West King is a major entrance coming into the city and Historic Downtown. West King collects traffic from US1 and residential neighborhoods west of US1. CR 214 does not have on and off ramps to I95 so therefore traffic is much less than what its potential is. St. Augustine

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Context

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West King is a two lane street commercial corridor surrounded by one to two story residential and commercial buildings. No structures on west king possess historic value. The immediate land uses of West King Street are predominantly Commercial and Residential area with a some institutional and other municipalities. There is also an abundance of vacant properties in the west king street area that have tremendous potential for redevelopment. Existing Land Uses Commercial Residential Institutional Vacant Land Government Adjacent Bldgs

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Tree Canopy along King Street is heavily lacking. The Lack of street trees along King Street and the disconnected green space s i s visually unappealing and discourages users from walking the West King District. Existing Open Space & Tree Canopy Open Space Tree Canopy

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There are many blighted, abandoned, vacant structures that give a bad impression of the area. Particularly an old grocery sto re just west of US1 and a laundry mat next to the railroad tracks. These structures should be demolished or renovated to restore West Augu sti positive image. King Street is a major entrance into the historic downtown area but mainly for residents and merchants of the West King Distr ict King street intersects with I95 but lacks on and off ramps. This is part of the reason West King does not see the traffic it has t he potential to. Parking in the area is pretty limited to visiting the stores they are located in front of. Public parking is very scarce and the re are zero on street parking spaces. There are three traffic lights at the intersections of West King Street. 1.) US1 2.) Malaga St. 3.) Palmer St. Visitor Experience Blighted & for Sale Structures Adjacent Bldgs Traffic Lights Surface Parking FEC Railroad Circulation

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What sorts of businesses Currently make up the area? West King Street has a sort of artist/ artisan make up of businesses. Because of the lack of infrastructure it is hard for businesses to move in. Pawn and Jewelry shops A tattoo shop Two liquor stores Marine supply store Art gallery Caf A solar energy company A used appliance store

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Users of the West King District Adjacent Residents of West King St. Augustine Residents Merchants of West King and the Historic Downtown Students of Flagler College Visitors User Diagram

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Issues & Concerns Lack of infrastructure: A major prohibitor to the expansion of the West King District. Plans of expanding Infrastructure to the west king district and West Augustine and beyond being tossed around by city officials. Suggestions: Use this as a starting point. The city wants to know of development plans before jumping on board. Parking: There is very little public parking in the West King District. This discourages people from exploring and visiting t he business's in the area. Trash Cans: There are no trash cans along west king street for visitors and residents to dispose of waste. Bicycle Safety: Bicyclists are sharing lanes with cars and there is no indication of this on roads. Suggestion: Use the bike study St. Augustine just completed to make bicycling safer in the West King District. Open space at US1 Corner: Open space at the corner of West King and US1 is a major eye sore and provides no sense of entrance to the West King district. Crime: Due to the Crime rate and the lack of lighting, West King Street makes Business owners afraid to leave work at night a nd makes them worry about break ins. Suggestions: Use CEPTED Design Principles to make the West King District a safer place. Pedestrians Safety: Crosswalks are relatively absent on West King Street accept for at traffic lights. The area needs more crosswalks to provide adequate safety for pedestrians to roam about the West King District. Sidewalks: Sidewalks are very thin in areas and very close to traffic. Suggestions: Remove Utility lines and add street vegetation. Signage: There is nothing informing people of the West King District and inviting them further west of the Historic Downtown Area.

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San Sebastian Winery. Great anchor point for moving people from the Historic Downtown area to the West King District. Ervin Lovett & Miller of Jacksonville designed a 14 acre marina to be built behind the San Sebastian Winery. The marina was to included 17,000 sq ft of retail along king street, 96 condominium units, 15 residential/ office units, and an 82 room four diamond hotel. But was halted but the economy crash and construction barely begun. Opportunity for open space. No sense of an entrance to either historic downtown St. Augustine nor to the west king district and the intersection is confusing. Vacant lot on the SW corner of King and US1 intersection could be a great opportunity for a park and entrance experience. Opportunities & Constraints

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Wall in front of broudys liqour store is said to be an eye sore and could be tore down or turned into a mural wall. Vacant Proporties along king street are great opportunities for parks. Open space along railroad provides an opportunity for a linear park and bike trail. The ROW on the immediate east side of the Rail road tracks are wide enough to incorporate complete street principles in the area.

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Sidewalks are very thin in areas and don't meet safety standards. Streets lack lighting that could make the area safer. Utility poles are an eye sore to the west king district business's. Blighted Structures and Properties such as this one are bringing down the visual aesthetics of the area. Buying some of these properties can provide urban infill opportunities Vacant properties provide opportunities for a park system and area to adequate vegetation for the area.

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Case Study: Sebastian Inland Harbor

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Goals & Objectives Create a sense of place within the West King District. Bring in a variety of businesses to jump start the communities economy, promote growth of the area, and give people a reason to explore the communities. Give pedestrians adequate space to walk, shop, dine and enjoy their visit. Provide Solutions for Circulation Problems: Pedestrian, Bicycle, and Vehicular traffic issues. Rethink parking areas to balance access and circulation along west king street. Use the recently completed Bike Study to increase bike safety. Create Signage for parking locations and safety for bicyclists. Develop a network of green spaces that ties the West King District together. Using existing vacant green space, fill wholes within to unify the West King District together. Create Gateways at the intersection of US1 and the railroad crossing at the west end of the project location to make visitors aw are of the area and build on the negative image West King has currently.

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Program Parking Rethink existing Parking to Provide Shared parking lots for the surrounding businesses. Linear Park Design Utilize the area around the existing railroad to incorporate a new linear park along tracks. Signage & Promotion Implement a signage plan to help increase understanding of west king street as a destination for visitors of St. Augustine as well as its residents. Entryway at Railroad Tracks to the west Give visitors the curious urge to explore west king street by giving them a peek into t he linear park. Streetscape Design Provide Street trees to help with Shade for West King Street Widen Sidewalks Incorporate crosswalks with signs and colors at key locations to safely move visitors across the street. Provide adequate lighting for the West King District so that people feel safe walking among t he streets after Dark. Use Paving and other elements to give more personality to the area. Incorporate everyday Stores Provide the residents of the West King District with places such as a grocery store, hardware store barber, and a pharmacy. Get the city involved Bring popular events such as Nights of Lights & art walks to the West King District to impel economic growth.

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West King District Site Features

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P.P. Pocket Park R.A. Round About SPC. Specialty Store SVC. Service O.S. Open Space P.B. Parking Below O. A. Office Above L. A. Living Above M.F. Multi Family A. L. W. Artist Live Work Rest. Public Restrooms B. W. Boardwalk P. R. Promenade R.T. Retail Concept Development Create a Network of green spaces linking the West King District. Create a place people will rave about and tell their friends they have to visit. Build on existing business district

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Master Plan

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Palmer Street/King Street Round a Bout US1/King Street Round a Bout Promenade & River Walk Community Park Pedestrian Mall Sebastian Inland Harbor Project Skate Park Pocket Parks West Entrance Park Linear Park

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Node: Palmer & King Street Intersection

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Node: Palmer & King Intersection

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Fountains Planted Roundabout Island Angled Parking Raised Lawn Area Pedestrian Mall Cross Walk Seating area Node: Palmer & King Intersection

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Birds Eye Perspective: Ped Mall

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Pedestrian Mall & Linear Park Intersection

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Pedestrian Mall & Linear Park Intersection

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Linear Park Crosswalk Pedestrian Mall Sunken Seating Area. Sidewalk Cafes Pedestrian Mall & Linear Park Intersection

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Pedestrian Mall & Linear Park Intersection A

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Community Park

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Community Park

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Linear Park Fountain Tot Lot Interactive Fountain Event Plaza Multi use Field

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Section: Community Park C

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Perspective: Community Park

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River Walk

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River Walk River Walk Plaza Open Space Connection to Sebastian Inland Harbor Observation Deck

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Section: River Walk B

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West King District Character

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Roadway Design: Travel Lanes & Bus Lane

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Roadway Design: Parking and Sidewalk

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Typical Streetscape Elevations

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? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

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Phasing Plan: Phase One Phase 1 Extend ROW in certain areas along West King Street. Complete Roads Complete Community Park & Linear Park

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Phasing Plan: Phase Two Phase 2 Build Up Nodes and Pedestrian Mall Complete Community Park & Linear Park

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Phasing Plan: Phase Three Phase 3 Build up living space and pocket parks

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Signage West King District Signage Parking location Sign West King Street Signs Typical Building Signage Signage is to be added to help give a personality to the West King District. Local Artists will be encouraged to submit work for signage for the district as well as art show signage and flyers.

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Site Elements

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Future Development(2060) Proposal for an on/off ramp from I95 in the near future is imperative for future growth.

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Thank You!


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