REPORT OF THE DIRECTOR OF INFORMATION, 19W:
iTNIITED) STATES 1)EI'\iARTMENT O(, A l:In (''ITI1 l :,
OFFIE (1O IN JFIlMATION.
W a.41h;i.(/o/( D. (i'., R<'//i'n r /7. I/s i.;.
Hon. 111:r2m A. WALLACE,
Hec'rctary of I 'n !fi, ili>.
DEAR MII:. SE(CETARIY: I subl)mit herewith ;ia report of the work of
the Olli.e of Information for the fiscal year ended A ine ;, I'V'.I.
M. S. EIsi ., i,., i :.
Dire/or of lifotr'fat;iion.
Early in the fiscal year 1:19' the Sc-'v!iary of Agric.ultur dlirect.ed
that major improvements be made iln tile structure and administra-
tive functioningll of the Iepartment in order to expe lite itis services
to the public. One purpose of reorganization was to establish within
the Department a central pl:.-niniitg l iiic'y to work with the bllui'.Il
and local plianiiiiig groups of farmers in devi-i g, within the frame-
work of the acts of the Cong1g-.-,, programs better adapted to local
need.. A -icond purpose was to group the admini'-flt: ion of pro-
grami n--igi'd to the D)epartim-ldt, so that they might move toward
clmm on .-oals with a minimum of friction. A third was to
strengthen the staff agencies which help the bureaus of the Depalrt-
ment coordinate their lines of work. As one of these staff l-,ci ir-,
the Office of Information was directed to pl:;ie itself in a position
(1) to coordinate and synthesize information originating in all
bramince- of the Deplartment, and (2) to render g'Iatc'r -cr\ices to
farmers and the public generally.
Accordingly, the personnel of the Otheli was increased somewhat.
Sevefal editorial workers \wer transferred from the action agencies
to the OtHi'e. and three additional editorial workers were employed
to round out the staff of a new Division of Special RIlorts. This
Di'vision prepare-, -perial informational docu illltie! reporting or inter-
pre'tiing the total work carried on by the -etveral bureaus-material
that could not be prepared by any one of the bureaus alone. Addi-
tional technical and clerical personnel enabled the 011h. e to carry on
an enlar-ed volume of -;- eices for the bureaus in the way of printing
procurement, du plicatiing, di.-triibution. and photogialiphic and draft-
INFORMING DEPARTMENT PERSONNEL
One important new phase of iinfrml:ational work is the develop-
ment of method' of informing the personnel of each bu.;;n a of the
2 ANNUAL REPORTS OF DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE, 1939
activities of all bureaus and of the unifying objectives of the Depart-
ment; this is essential in order that each of the programs may daily
play its key part in attaining these objectives. The first step to
this end was to initiate weekly conferences of information officers of
the bureaus. The 1,IallI'.1 repre-e'ntatives inform each other of pur-
poses, provisions and progress of programs, so that in issuing public
information each bureau is able to point out the relationship be-
tween the programs it administers and the programs administered
by other bureaus. Other action now under way includes consulta-
tion with people of the Office of Personnel and of the bureaus on
inliethods of informing all employees concerning the purposes and
organlizat in of Department work, participation in orientation meet-
ings for new employees in Washington, and preparation of materials
for future use in such meetings both in Washington and in the field.
A second important new phase of information work is the prepara-
tion and distribution of many types of informational materials needed
by the farmers, techiiriinn-, and ad(miiiisir ors who are planning
agricultural programs. The democratic process of hammering out
the plans through disission, composition of different ,i's of opinion
and interest, and formulation of mutually acceptable conclusions can
succeed only when the per-ons who take part are informed of all
phases of their problems, and know the public aids that are available.
INFORMING PLANNING GROUPS
For a number of years Department ageniier have been gathering
much basic information concerning the flundlAiiAiiltal thing with
which planning eails--the land and the relationship between land
and people. Year by year, as noted in my previous reports, the
volume of information is-n-ed has grown in pace with the volume
of material gathered. The fiscal year 1939 saw the increase that
would be expected in the issuance through publications, by press,
and by radio of a type of information that is indi:-pe!n.I-ile to an
ornlerly transition from an exploitative to a conservation type of
agriculture. Among the publications issued during the year to carry
information of this sort to planners-and to the inter-t-'dt general
public-were a definitive exposition of the problem of preventing
erosion, To Hold This Soil, the first item in an ex( en,_ive -.u.rie of
surveys of erosion and land use conditions which eventually, water-
shed by v\waer:-heid, will report for the whole country basic data on
the capabilities of land for various uses; technical and popular pub-
lications giving detailed analyses of the land problems of the southern
Great Plains, and the land-utilization programs for the northern
Great Plains; a bibliography on soil erosion and soil and water con-
s.rX nation; a popular publication on crops that deplete, crops that
conserve, and crops that build soil. Be-.ide the iiicea-.e in publica-
tions needed for the information of planning groups and the public
generally, there was also a cons-iderable growth in the issuance of
such material to the prn-s and through radio. Especially noteworthy
was the se'ie,- of 22 talks and interviews broaldc:a-t in the National
Farm and Home Hour by the editor of the l1;'s Yearbook of Agricul-
ture. Tlih-e talks .-lunilal:rizedl for listeners the principal facts on
land utilization in the United States presented in that volume.
DIRECTOR OF INI 'OiM.I'ION
Be-is. ililng an increased volume of basic information tie De-
parlt imni devi-ed' more effev'li\ e ways of describing lthe purposes and
lprov ioi- of the available Federal aids. lPtblicat ionis issued for this
purpose include Pl: aningi for a Permanent'i Agricuiltiure, which de-
rilbedl between one set of covers all the act ion programs anId sug-
gletd lhow these proral s Ian be used by coop)erating citizens to
solve lthe problems of land use as they exist. in anly par t of t he cou)n-
tlry; anld booklets explaining the provisions of thle water -facilities
prograpi and of the flood-control pog'1r:;iin-t w\e p grails ...ii ly
autholiz.ed by (Coingri-..- and just geil.ing 11114er way in 1939.
To inform i'Imembers of planning groups on t(ie possibilities of State
action in the fields of taxation, zoning, etc(., as well as to give facts
about Federal aids, the Department planning agency, tlie 1Burea of
Agricultural Eciioinomic, coopiei: ingii w\vithl State agencies and11 action
I;rei.us, inaugurated a new series of leaflets. Tle A. A. A. pr,.itly
enhanced the effectiveliie-i of lduplicated anId printed materials issued
from W:-hinlllgton to the State A A.A..coiiinittees and traismlitted
by these State conunittees to farmers in co(nllullllity alnd county colm-
mittees who carry on the work locally of a:ltiniisterinlg tlie adjust-
.ienlt, conservationn, crop insurance, and(1 other pr1, i .11: is. Thle ex-
pelie''cii of 6 years in working out tlie nationaIl )progr tas of con-
servation, land use. crop) adjustment, st abilization of supplies for
(co1-1n le 1rs, and support for farmers' inicomle lias taught tlie informa-
tion staff and the administrators how to provide the considerable
am(,ount of information rIequired in conducting tle programs in forms
that will carry the necessary facts and interpret atiots and yet con-
sume as little as possible of the ti of tof the 95,000 farmiier conllilittee-
men whose work deternlinies the success or failure of the progri.iiiis.
To inform farmers of the unifying obj~eli \,-, of the whole group of
governmental efforts is just as important as to inform' employees of
the Department ite ilf on these points. Visual materials bring these
objectives home vividly. During the year the A. A. A., with assist-
unc'e from the Otlice of Information, issued a soun(d-slide film, Pio-
neering a Permanent Country, for the use of the community and
county committees of farmers. The A. A. A. had in preparation a
motion picture presenting the objectives of the total Federal pro-
gr'a-n with respect to conservation of soil and water. This Office
cooperated with the Extension Service in planningiii the subject mat-
ter for an exhibit, Deep Roots for American Agrici'lture, portraying
the unifying objectives of the national agricultalacul prog-r ,: Ii to be
shown at meetiIt62- of farm orga;ni,.iz:tions.
ECONOMIC INFO. .MATIION
As in every other year throughout the past two decades, public
deii imd for economic information grew steadily. Information g:ath-
ered by the Depart meant of Agriculture's representatives in this
country and abroad, often being interpreted by its analytical staff of
economiists, was, issued by methods noted in my previous reports.
A new trend in economic reporting and interpretation is analysis
of the marketing and distribution sy-temis in various local :ities. and
4 ANNUAL REPORTS OF DEPAlRTMENT OF AGRICULTURE, 1939
the issuance of reports pointing out bottlenecks which oblt-truc:t the
free flow of farm products, and analyzing alternative methods of
eliminating the bottlenecks. Outstanding amlliong such reports for
the present year was Barriers to Internal Trade in Farm Products.
With accelerating speed the nutrition -i.ienlii.ts have gatheredd a
1si;-; of new knowledge which, applied, can greatly letter human
and animal health. The outstanding scientific publication of the year
by this Department was the 1939 Yearbook of Agriculture, Food and
Life, -11iiiiiiiing up modern knowledge concerning nutrition of men
and nutrition of animals. The Yearbook :tiv'\, as the source docu-
imiit for a wider program of repolrting through press and radio on
this important fundamental topic. Bringing the problem of correct
nutrition to more immediately practical focus, the surplus removal
and diversion activities of the Department were altered during the
y.;ir by ij;ntiguration of the food stamp order plan. The purpose
of this plan fundamentally is to bring about a wilder dist ribution
of the health-giving surplus foods among the low-in mlie groups of
the population. One of the benefits envisaged to farm and national
economic welfare is the stimulation of consumption among all in-
come groups of the llpliuses of health-giving foods, particularly of
fruits and \ve;.,t il h.--, dairy, poultry, and meat products. The in-
formation services of the Department helped to speed up such con-
sumption. The home economics releases to the pi, '--, particularly
after the designation of surplus products that could be bought with
the blue food order stamps, carried facts about the nutritive values
of the foods that were in surplus, and about methods of making the
foods into aplptiziing dishes. Similar information was i-,iied by
radio in the National Farm and Home Hour each week, and in the
syndicate services to individual radio -tit ions.
Printing and binding expclnitluresi for the fiscal year 1939 totaled
$1,089,970. This included $:8;,0,618 for administ ratiive forms and
binding; $!''8,:93 for reports, regulatory not ice., periodicals, and
otlier aliiiiii-.ti aive publications; $-200,340 for technical publica-
tions; and $289,619 for popular publications. Expenditures for sal-
aries and expeln-es were $379,383, of which $81,665 was for the
1nliiitimnaiie of a duplie;itiing plant.
Funds were allotted to the Office of Information during the fiscal
year to provide for additional work on behalf of the agencies. A
total of $2
tion and use of agricultural land rtb-,i.re-., $7,130 fr'ii, land utiliza-
tion and 'retireniiiit, of -iiliiarginiil] land, $5,283 from elmergelicy
relief, agriculture, and $5,000 from flood control appropriations.
DIVISION OF PUBLICATIONS
The list of new publications issued during the year gives an indi-
cation of the scope, vai ied character, and importance of the Depart-
Iientl's publication program. The most important siigle publication
DIIRE(CT)OR OF IN 'O01TMATION
issued by the Department and reported to le the lah r,-t publication
job done each year at the 6( government Print ing Ofllice. is the Year-
book of Agriicultre. The issue for 1w1::1' carries the subtitle "Food
and Life," and is all extellsive up-lo-date treatment of the dual sub-
jects, Intrition of man all nutrition of animals. This slouiil serve
as a useful reference work on these subjects for many years.
As previously noted, the public year by year demand: ss more in for-
imation o0 n conservation of natural resouir..-, all on economic situa-
tions affectintg the welfare ,of citizens. Amolg the publications
newly issued this year to provide sullch information were a gro ip of
special siglnificance, ilnchliding Pl'lalnningl for a Perm1analent Agricult ure,
Barriers to Iltelrnal Tra(de ill Fa11r Plro(ducts, several repi.rs oi
Er,'-i, anid Land Use Condlitions on various an:,s, The Lanud Utili-
zation IProgram for thle Northern Great Plains, Problem-Area Grouips
of Land in the So)utherni Great Plains, An Outline of the Water
Facilities Pr' gtaa Fam ly Income and ExpenIlitures, Outlook for
Farm niamily Living, The Land in Flood Contl ol, To Hold this Soil,
Biblig;raphy on Soil Ero'ion and Soil and Water Conservation
Soil-I)epleting, Soil-Conserving, and Soil-Building Crops, and The
Be,-idles i-lin l thlt-e publications on the subjects which are at the
heart of the problem of getting uIp a permanent agriculture for the
United State,, the Department continued its older program of publi-
cat ion for the use of scientists, farmers, homemakers, and o(ii-r the
Vrsultl s of research or 'regulatory work, and recommendations for
fariling and h(ll(o lmeakiI igI practices.
Below are listed the 19 Farmers' Bulletins, 21 Leaflets, 41 Miscel-
laneous Publications, 50 Circulars, 64 Technical Bulletins, and 22
unnumbered publications newly issued during the year.
LIST OF NEW PUBLICATIONS ISSUED DURING THE FISCAL YEAR 1939
10-'. Mi'oeriizitgiii Cotton Gins.
18ii.: Culture and Pests of Field Peas.
1 ,Ii. Community Buifliii.-' for Farm Families.
1 II.7.. G radiing Wool.
I1',;. Hard Red Winter Wheat Varieties.
1IT7. Lamb and Mutlton on the Farm.
isI, Rice Culture in the Southern States.
IM 'I. Soil Defense in the South.
1810. Soil Defense in the Northeast.
1811. Control of Insects .\t.nkhig Grain in Farm Stira,.
1812. Native and Adapted Grasses for Conservation of Soil and Moisture
in the Great Plains and Western Statr.s.
1815. Grading Dressed Turkey:.
1816. Mechanizing the Corn Harvest.
1817. Cr. nv iiiv Wheat in the E.;atern United Slates.
1818. Mechanical Milk Cn,,liii, on Farms.
1819. Infectious Anemia (Swamp Fever).
'1 '2. Silos, types a il construction.
1821. Containers for Fiuit. and Vegetables.
I --'2. Seed Corn.
160. Crimson Clover.
163. Legumes in Soil Conservation Practices.
164. Erosion on Ro;idl and Adjacent Land-.
165. Soil-Depleting. Soil-Coin-erviii. and Siil-Buililing Crops.
6 ANNUAL REPORTS OF DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE, 1939
166. Soybeans for the Table.
167. Facts About Cotton.
168. Dual Purpose Pines.
169. Preventing Gin Damage to Cotton.
170. Date Growing in the United States.
171. The Timothy Crop.
172. Why Fruit Trees Fail to Bear.
173. The Bud-Graft Mi.tilId of Propagating Vinifera Grape Varieties on
174. Bean Bacterial Wilt.
175. lr.nlidi.rtiii of the Cultivated Black Currant in White Pine Regions.
177. The Pasteurization of Milk.
178. Dwarf Fruits.
179. The Native Papaw.
180. How to Keep and Increase Black Grama on Southwestern Ranges.
181. Drying Seed Cotton.
182. Housefly Control.
268. A Gr.liplii Summary of Agricultural Credit.
269. A Graphic Summary of Farm Animals and Animal Products.
"'-'. Market Diseases of Fruits and Vegetables; Crucifers and Cucurbits.
2'. ,.. Famous Trees.
303. Native Woody Plants of the United States.
;:-i,-. The Horseflies of the Subfamily Tabaninae of the Neartic Region.
::l,;. The Forest Products Laboratory.
307. Knots in Second-Growth Pine and the Desirability of Pruning.
309. Forest Resources of the North Louisiana Delta.
312. Bibli.-grnphy on Soil Erosion and Soil and Water Conservation.
313. Forest Resources of Northeastern Florida.
314. Ovi.rh.-liil Cleaner-Drying Systems for Seed Cotton.
316. Descriptions of Types of Principal American Varieties of Spinach.
317. Improving Poultry through the National Poultry Improvement Plan.
318. 4-H Club Insect Manual.
319. Plans of Firin Buildings for Western States.
320. Organization of 4-H Club Work.
321. To Hold this Soil.
322. Housing Requirements of Farm Families in the United States.
323. The Farm-Housing Survey.
324. Factors to be Considered in Preparing Minimum Wage Budgets for
325. Grain Grading Primer.
326. Forest Resources of Southeastern Texas.
327. Motor Fuels from Farm Products.
328. The Service of Federal Grain Standards.
329. Officials and Or.;iiiz;tioni Concerned with Wildlife Protection, 1938.
330. The Miinnie-orm Seed-Grain Treater.
331. The Land in Flood Control.
332. Outlook for Farm Family Living.
333. The Farm Outlook for 1939.
334. Land Facts on the Southern Plains.
335. Workers in Subjects pl'lrtaiiiing to Agriculture in Land-Grant Collhgi:
and Experiment Stations, 1938-39.
337. Abbreviations used in the Department of Agriculture for Titles of
339. Family Income and Expenditures.
342. Hosiery for Women-A Buying Guide.
343. Directory of Field Activities of the Bureau of Biological Survey.
346. Short-Time Camps. A Manual for 4-H Leaders.
347. Lumber Requirements for Ni.niform Residential Construction.
348. Federal Le-ii-l;t.tin. Ruling-, and Regulations Affecting the State Agri-
cultural Experiment Stations.
350. The Wildlife Restoration Program under the Pittman-Robertson Act
351. Planning for a Permanent Agriculture.
D)IRECTO)It OF IN OIMAtITION
471. Forests and Employment in Germany.
472. C'oiparative Value ,f 1I' 1., re Sows and (ilts for li.. .i. in- Market
11 ,,- -
473:. Variety Strdlies iln Relation to Fiusarimiu \\ilt of PeaIs.
1-T7. 'Evalulation of Sulgaor-l ct Types ill Certail S i i'-i(' t ;Iili_" Dis-
tricts ill tlie U united Slates.
477. \initer lWheat: nd SorgIthui l''1roductimo iin hlie Siouthernl Great Plains
Under Limited Rainfall.
.47). Agricil iitr l InvcsIt ti.-.il ionL s at the Illited States Field Sl:tioll Sacatlon,
Arizionm 1:9, 1 :'.-I
-481. Food ('onsuiinption of C'hildren at th National ('hild l sii'e:rcih C'ii itctr.
-482. Suilrf;ice 1i' ll Ill alid I''si t on ( rl;nit ic i o iiit taiii Soil of( 14 l1io as
Iiltliiciiucd Iy iI.iji.. ('over, Soil D lisl ruibalce., Slope. :ald Pli'e ilita-
tionl Ilnll( silty.
4S.; 'roloseld Miniiin ll ll nirnNts of Types o"f Iipholstery 1 1.nri(s
4S4. EIff'ct of l)aIo of Il iirvcst (Ion Yield m ltd AililiI,. (iQuality of hicr.
4'.-.. T 'lr: -i-tirlch s Ilrevisttignta Galiani, a P'lupi l I arasitl of t'1 l Ettlm Leaf
I| ; Fla tors Affecti('Lii El sablishilenl t of I). .i:.l Fir Seedlings.
4S7. Selel ing Fertilizers.
41'S. l)'evolo, pi inelts in MAeclaniCal l'quimii et nd 1Meltliods inl Si.., r-lI"et
-14.'. Selection. Ins11tllation, aliii-i. iand .M:lin liciiUeIt:' of Wood Flloor for
-in. Soil Elrosion iln tle Karst Lands of Kentutcky.
1'01. GI;rs Culture and Ranige Iil]iptroveim nti ill the ('Cetra;l andi Southe'rn
4'. Pcran Soils of the Gulf and Southeastern States and Mainitenatce of
I1.: A li e Earlaine Potato, a New Early Variety.
494. The Texas Leaf-('nitiii Ant and Its Control.
-4'.1. Thlc Sweetpotato Leaf Beetle.
-If',; Time of Irrigating Potatoes as .\'ffi'i..li Stolon Growth and T'il-r
Set and Development.
497. Composition of the IRhizome. Stem, and Leaf f oSome Horticultural
Forms of ('anna in Relation to Thi'ir Possible Use.
-4,s. ].-:r. of Potash on Grade. Slhape, and Yield of Certain Varieties of
Sweet potatoes (Grown in South Carolina.
499. A Comparative Sltiny of Suitability for Dryin*. Purposes in Forty
Varieties of the Sweetpotato.
,i. U. S. Noo. 5. l5iiL,,.r. a New .MI-.lic-Resistant Refugee Bean.
501. Ieaction of Wheat. Barley, and Rye Varieties to Stripe Rust in the
r'ir2. Sweetpotato lProp,i. :ition and TraiI-hil itii i Studies.
50:. '1 li Selbago Potato. a New Variety Resistant to Late IBlight.
504. Early Winter Food of Iuffed Grouse on the George Washington Na-
50-5. Market Classes atnd Grades of Feeder and Stocker Cattle.
50ti. Control of the Corn Earwormi on Fordhook Lima Beans in Eastern
-.'7. IDiets of Families of Employed Wage Earners and Clerical Workers in
",.Ii. The Comparative Attractiveness of Various Small Grains to the
509. Mi-hrooin C;:-inuz Soil in Relation to Yield.
510. Air Blast Gin Performance and Maintenance.
511. Control of Black Rot of Pineapples in Tr.ansit.
512. T.,ii ',\ii of Onion s.til in Relation to Storage Conditions.
.513: Curly-Top-Resistant Sugar-beet Varieties in 1"41,.
514. Differential Staining of Sections of lipr'i-*.rved Bovine Udder Tissue
Affected With Mastitis.
515. Handling and Shipping Strawberries Without Refrigeration.
516. Control of Cyclamen and Bruiad Mites on Gerbera.
517. Tli' Northstar Strawberry.
8 ANNUAL REPOIl:'.s OF DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE, 1939
518. Breeding Areas and Economic Distribution of the Beet Leaf-Hopper
in New MNixico, Southern Clira;di.,, and Western Texatn.
519. The Tobacco Industry in Puerto Rico.
520. Wildlife of the Atlantic Coast Salt Marshe-.
521. Studies of Gaps in Suiig P.;ir Rows and Their Effect UIniin Yield Under
.22". A Soft Cheese of the Bel Paese Type.
524. Determination of Slaughter-Steer Grades From We.ighl s and Measure-
528. New Chrysanthemums.
E;1l: chemicall and Physical Properties of Certain Soils Developed From
Granitic Materials in New England and the Piedmont, and of Their
612. Symptoms on Field-Grown Tobacco Characteristics of the Deficient
Supply of Each of Several E.leirti.il Chemical Elements.
615. Si li-'i of Potato St'iiranE Houses in Maine.
616. The Reproductive Cycle of the Coyote.
617. Conservation and Use of Soil Moi-ture at M;imlan. N. Dak.
618. Bi,,l],-ir.;l Studies on the Leafhopper Enii;e.-._;a fabae as a Bean Pest.
620. Genetic Relations of Some Color Foct'.rs in Lettuce.
621. Shrinkage and Dr--iiiin Yields of Hogs.
622. Removal of Lead Spray Residues From Apples Grown in the Shenan-
';..:. Finliiiii;i iii of Baled Cotton With Hyldr, yanlic Acid for the Pink
1'-l. Studies on the Epidhlt inil .y of Curly Top in Southern Idaho, With
Special Reference to Sii_';r Beets and Weed Hosts of the Vector
6'25. Stickiness and Spotting of Shelled Green Lima Beans.
626. Stumpage Prices of Privately Owned Timber in the United States.
627. Body Icing in Transit Refrigeration of Vegetables.
I;2.; Effect of Supplementing Winter and Summer R:iIge on Gains of Steers
in the Northern Great Plains.
i-'!. Communicability of Infectious Abortion between Swine and Cattle.
1;::;i. Yield of Even-iAged Stands of Ponderosa Pine.
631. The Stnr;ic. of Sweet Cherries as Influenced by Carbon Dioxide and
632. Loss, During Storage, of Vitamin A from Alfalfa Leaf Meals fed to
633. Principles of Gully Ero-i0in in the Piedmont of South Carolina.
634. Food of Game Ducks in the United States and Canada.
635. Comparison of Alfalfa and Western WlC-nti'ra.-. hays for wintering
yearling Heifers in the Northern Great Plains and their Influence
on Summer Gains.
636. Correlations between Annual Precipitation and the Yield of Spring
Wheat in the Great Plains.
637. Subsoil Mi-lure under Semiarid Conditions.
I;:2T. Tmpiiii.:ture and other Factors Affecting the Germination of Fescue
640. Growth of Lemon Fruits in Relation to Mi-(IIr Content of the Soil.
641. Red Rot of Sugarcane.
642. The Field Cricket in Relation to the Cotton Plant in Louisiana.
6-13. FiIdIl Habits of North American Diving Ducks.
644. The Chemical Determination of Soundness in Corn.
(45. Manufacturing and Sv.rvi.-:,hli ty T,-1 -on Shr tin, made from Two
Selected Mill Types of Cotton.
61-41;. Marketing Commercial Cabbage.
647. Field Studies of Certain Diseases of Snap Beans in the Southeast.
649. Relative Values for Milk Production of Hay and Sil;,. Made from
Immature Pasture IHrli:; o.
650. Control of the Blue MAll (Downy Mildew) Disease of Tobacco by
651. F1r.E-i Fire Insurance in the Northeastern States.
052. Flow of Water in Irrigation and Similar Canals.
1)IIRECT Ot OF INFOI:M.\TION
Technical Billli --Cnl, C iliinn.*d.
;.,:: A Rlevision of tle Miles of the Suilll':iinily Tors(oninui( :l1 North
America, the West Indies and the llawaiian Islands.
(i;5. Cllanges in Weedy Plant Cover on learnedd S: ,.-I, n--11 Land andiu Their
;, i ).i Doriiiney in Lettuie Seed and Some Faltors Inlhilutncig its
; 'i5;. Cost of Producinig l:\ I r:i Il, IHoney in Ca(lifornia.
;;,Gs. Vallccinationl of (aires and Yearlio_,- Against Bang's Disease.
G;-.4'. The Sand Wireworni aiId ils Control in the South ('arolinli Coa( tl
,;i;'. The Hollhenhein System in the M:,11:ugementl oft Plermanent Pastures
lor D)airy C(nttle.
di'1. R.-:i," Flonls and Liihs by lihe Use of Colosl1r'in. hlood Sernin. )and
Sul slitute Mil Is.
112I Cottonll Sold in itle 'eed iin thle l United t ltes.
;i;:S. I.l'lT.-.t of (C .nlliii, Seed Cotton on Lint Quality :1id Ginniing I. li. 1. ir y.
I; ;1. IRelative l.-rits of Producing Creep>-fed, F1 er, and Iot-f'atteiled
(nlves in the Appalnchi:nl R1i.-iJii
i; i-. Roeltioiishiis Aimong Produietion and Grald Fa.tors of leolf.
0i.;i;. Pythiuln Root Rot of S.im:,reaie.
i*;;7. W ilit.in'i i Sleers oil D1I'reill Plhllaes of Nutritioni froin W eil iit.. to
21 Years of .\A e.
0;IS.. B -l'ii-iilit. Fi I -,/ill. ilnd Ch mllical Injury of Pokatoes ill TranllSit.
,;il;. Fertilizer Placeminent for Potatoes.
670. Relation ()If Temnlratiure Iand Misture Coll lute to I.,.,,, ity of
Cli \\ ill F",-.,ae Seed.
il71. 'nComposition and Properlies of Goat's AMilk is Colmpared wit ll ow's
672. VYapr-leat Treatient for ithe Control of Narcisslus lIulb Ploss in lhe
:7T.. The Distribution of Insects, Spiders. and NMiii.-; in the Air.
1i74. Bre:ikinit Str eiigil. Eloii.litiiii. and F.lildit, Elul ; rai(nie of Films of
Starches and Gelatin Used in Textile Siziii.
il7.-1 S..wa-.. Irrigation as Prnacticed in the Western Stalets.
i;7Ti Sliiik-iL anlld Cooking Time of Rih Ronass of Beef of )Ifferentl
:r:;I,- as Iiitluenced by Style of C(utting and .11M.li~,1 of Ruosting.
(077. Ep.-riiniet.l in Pr.,eilin, IHolstein-I'ri,--i;i Cattle for Milk and IButter-
fat-PrI',dl,.inu Ability, and an Analysis of the Foundalion Cows and
of the First Cutbred Generation.
679. Studies on the DIevelopment of the Pii.-.-i. Capillarid, Capillaria
,;'1. Tih Effect of Intensity and Frequenly of C(lilpiil on Density and
Yield of Black (Iraina and Tuli-.l Grass.
s12. Plantation Organization 'and Operation in tlhe Yazoo-Mi--i--i-l1i Delta
Unnumbered plublieat ions
Southeastern Idaho Land Utilizalion 'Pro.ject.
Dixon Spring Land Utilization Project.
The Bean 1lossomn Land Utilization Project.
TIi, Alh-.iii, Land Utilization Project.
The Land Utilization Irogr:am for the Northern Great I'lains.
Rural Z'n ini, and Your County.
Barriers to Internal Trade in Farm Products.
Buibdliii Rural L..bir-lhipi.
Handbook of Fire Control EImluipmluenI.
Sawtooth National Forest.
Dry Skim Milk.
Transition Curves for ITihuw\\:lys.
Hands to Save the Soil.
Erosion and Related Land Use conditionss on the Froid Demonstration
Erosion and Related Land Use (Con'(,iti,, on the Reedy Fork Demonstration
Area, North Carolina.
Erosion and Related Land Use Conditions on the Minot Area. North
10 ANNUAL REPPOliI'- OF DEPA.\Il .1.NT OF AGRICULTURIL, 1939
I-:r'osin and Related Land Use Conditions on the Elm Creek Watrli',]l.
Erosion and Related Land Use Conditions on the Scantic River Watershed,
Problem-Area Groups of Land in the Southern Great Plains.
I-:r.,si-ii and Related Land Use Conditions on the Watershed of White
Rock Reservoir Near Dallas, Tex.
From Ridl'- to River.
An Outline of the Water Facilities Pr'- :l in.
OTHER PRINTED AND DUPLICATED MATERIAL
In addition to the new publications above listed, the work of the
Division is concerned with two other avenues for the di,-;elination
of agricultural information. One is publication in nongov.limental
scientific, scholarly, or other periodicals. The other is the duplica-
tion of material by the iiiinwii ,gr;phl, multigraph, or multilith proc-
esses. The Division handled 2.520 articles prepare by Department
workers and int.-ild(d for outside delivery or publication. Exactly
44,047 copies of reprints of 297 of the articles were purchased for
official use at a cost of $2,379.66. The material implicatedd was of
temporary or administrative nature in accordance with the practices
recoi mnlended by the Interdepartmental Committee on Printing and
Processing and approved by the Joint Committee on Printing, the
Bur' ,;1 of the Budget, and the Comptroller GenCral, and although
of great importance in the execution of the Depart meint's extensive
program of work, it w\as not of such character as to jiu-iif I\ Iciig
printed. During the year 141,085,920 pages were issued, an lincuease
of 34,587,541 pages over the number issued the preceding year.
By far the largest item in the Department's printing bill is for
job work. This consists of the official administrative forms and
miscellaneous material necessary for the conduct of the Departi imnt's
business and the execution of its authorized projects. In addition to
the new publications listed and the purchase of reprints of articles
in outside periodicals the printing and binding expenditures went
for job work, for reprints and revisions of Department publications
previously issued, periodicals published by the Department, author-
ized printing done outside of W:,lliigton, binding, and miscellaneous
During the year 21,!:;',4:130 copies of publications and 4,250,300
lists of publications were distributed. Of these, 11,;,3,179 were
Farmers' Bulletins and Leaflets. The Superintendent of Documents
sold 604,322 copies of Department publications and 18. .s full and
partial ,siib-riptions to Depn ltmnent periodicals, the total amounting
A total of 1,578 manuscripts of all types were received in the Divi-
sion for publication in 1939, as compared with 1,505 in 1938. In
the Section of Illustrationls the drafting unit completed 2.726 jobs
and the photographic unit turned out a total of 279,507 items in-
cluding prints, negatives, plates, slides, enlargeotmets, and photostat
copies. Requisitions to the number of 7,183 were drawn on the
Government, Printing Office for work to be done there. In addition,
155 rleanses were granted for printing to be done outside of the
Go\veirnmeint Printing Offie.
DIIRECTI'()O OF IN FORMATION
Table 1 gi\. a detailed report by series of t lihe Ip lications
received and distributed during the year.
T'.AILI: 1. -1cport of piblicafions recciOld and di4lribuled b!l tlh 01p. of
Infornaltion, .Jul 1, I '.;., lo .lun ". I', 1
Agricultural l Sit nation .l...
Animal reports .
Alas A i rict rictl rriiltue ..
('lii tuloh ical 1 ). a.
Crops aold Markr'
Experimncut sil tion ulltiis and r,-
Fn' i in rii Sttion Uoord
IF I. i. 'T -'ervite liReview
Faritiers' ii lll ins
Farmnters' bulletins lists ....
Fire Control Nots..
Forest rvice r'cren.ition;il folders
Invenltories of sreds and plants in -
Jouirtal of Aoric ullural R'esarch _
.\rn'iin I researchh separates ......--
l..1u.i 1 I..,h Review .----.... ..--- .
Leaflets .. ---.. -.. .....
Miscellaneous circulars -.--------
Ml iscellalneous publications -...---.
Monthly list of publications_--- -
Monthly Weather Review--. ------
Monthly Weather Review separates--
North American fauna-------------
Posters ------------------- --- ---
Public Roads..--- ---. --....---.
S, rv. i.' and regulatory announce-
m ents ---...---------.--.. -----. --
-,,i Conservation --------------------
Soil surveys ---..-----.--------.-------
Statistical bulletins ------------------
Statistics .- -.. ... .--.... .
Weekly weather crop report and snow
and ice bulletins ....._..--------. .
Yearbooks .-_. ......_-----....-----
Yearbook separates -...------ ....---
( 'opi of
13i 1. Il
7, 107.. O0 650.000
1. 071, 350 ..---- -.. -
1t. 443 58, 100
--.. .. 1. 500
..--- 36, 000
2, 047, 255 725, 000
684, 450 801,500
.-- --. 14,100
1, 574 ----
261,540 279, ( 00
.-------. 57, 400
136,518 843, 525
15, 265 32, 500
2, 028, 449 1, 267, 010
..-------- 288, 080
7,090 15, 000
. .......... 14,369,788 10.182,140 1
T,, l II Ii
ri t ai iiJa
13 1. 117 S 71
)0l 1. 9 11
;S 7M1 ) I ..5
I I, 11 0 0 1 'I I.. 3I O I
4, 1 i5, 000 5, 219 30)
300 72', 143
44. 1, 5(51
---------- 70, 50
------- 30,0i )0
1,840, (X0 4.612, 255
16, 000 55, 150
709, 000 2, 194, 950
--- ----- 20, 400
------. ---- 14, 100
139, 410 679,950
------- -.- .400
99, 500 1,079, 543
5,694 19., 131
64,500 483, 225
1,013, 575 4, 309. 064
S 22, 090
8,000 2''. 194
19, 366, 521 *l 449
ll tri I
li- rib. li
*"-q 1 *l)Jr;-20
: ;1, 2() i
1 ';31, 1. 0
13 l2i I
9, 20);, 700
1. 20. 10i0)
2, 226, 570
2SS, 080 .
| 6C70 116.524
26,182, 730 117, '. 719
Rel '::llniz;ltionl of the Department on October 6, 1!9,s, brought
about in :t i;y (ich;,ng, in information work, mentioned earlier. At that
time the Press Service I' ,cmelle the clearing house for all d.el:-ptmental
information issued to the press.
The pre--. continued to call upon the Department for a considerable
volume of information on the national farm programs, results of re-
-eari1cl work, and eni, omic facts related to agriculture. The large
metropolitan dailies asked mainly for national and regional stories
reporting agricultural events or conditions and pro, ,re-- in national
progral'mis; the smaller daiilies and weeklies sought loc:ilizedl stories
on such topics.
In the year just closed every effort was nma~i to supply the press
with the matter most desired and needed by readers. The number
1 -"d .
12 ANNUAL REPORTS OF DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE, 1939
of mimeographed relea- e sent was only 5 more than in the previous
year, in spite of the enlargelmelnt of Department activities during the
year. In all, 1,0.99 releases were sent direct to the pr1.es last year.
The number of stories sent to State extensioni editors for local
adaptation and distribution through the Weekly News Service was
more than double the immbler prepared last year. This increase was
to be expected, as this relatively new -er ice developed in usefulness
to the readers of the local press in various sections. It is unlikely
that the number of stories in future years will exceed the 292 sent
this year. MNl;ly of these stories were -sent to the extt.en0ii-i editors
in only a small number of States, and it is probable that no one
State editor received more than one-third of the total.
The plan of preparing stories in Washington and sending them to
State extensionn editors for distribution within their own States has
now lbeote establi-hed for getting many types of inform-;ition to
farmers quickly and accurately. In the past year, 45 States cooper-
altdl in this plan of news (Ii--eiinillation. In addition to the 292
stories of primary interest to fanners, 110 stories of special interest
to women were mailed to extension editors in the Homemaker Nevw-
Service. These stories are localized and distributed in the same man-
ner as those dealing with farm subjects. The Homemaker News Ser-
vice supplies readers of the press in States which do not have a
woman writer on the extensi,-on staff with useful information that
they otherwise woullld not obtain. The news .'r\ ice for homemakers
has been improved by the addition of a story each week on foods,
based upon subjects that are seasonal at the time of iualnce.
IMPROVEMENT OF MAILING LISTS
For many years it has been the practice of the Press Service to
revise its mailing lists annually, dropping the nai.lme- of those who
do not return quest ionnaire cards. Another long-e l;iblished policy
is that names are added to mailing lists only upon request. Because
of these policies it will not be difficult for the Department to comply
with the new postal regulation requiring that no material be mailed
under penalty privilege unless the recipient has requested it.
To keep pace with the public's growing desire for pictorial ma-
terial the Pr,.; Service has greatly striengthened its photographic
eri\ice to writers and editors. The photographic file has now been
revised and is in use constantly by writers and editors. We have
tried to make this file large enough to give a comprehensive
idea of the Depart iient's work, but not so large as to be unwieldy.
Many of the photograLphs were culled from the collections filed in
some 35 offices in different, parts of the Department. Others were
taken by a staff photographer in Walhiington and by photographers
of the Farm Security Administration and thlie Soil Conservation
Service in the field.
Cooper; tion of the Farm Security Administration and Soil Con-
servation Service enabled the Press Service to make many pictures
last year at field stations of other hrueaius that do not have pho-
togi;iphers. When Farm Security Adminiitriation and Soil Conser-
vation Service phot ,,gr:lDpiers, in connection with their regular duties,
happenedl to be ne;ir a place where the Pre-, Service wanted a set of
DIRECT'I t OF INFORMATION
pictures they were detailed to get theml for us. IIn tllis way, we have
been able to putl together seeviral; pictrlie essays o( some of the De-
p11rtilent's reseaeiarch iegiin in W :I-Iiii,'iloll, iontilli(edi in the field,
and a))pplied in I11mlly (lifferelnt places. As ill the past, the Press
servicee 111et m1111111ro1s re(olmnI--s frotm co elecial news pho(,1 In :)iphers
fo' ideas for picture strips for use ini rotlogLivn\re sections and in
iII ig'a.i iies and arranged for ithe taking of the0 e pictilres.
.\t the request of phott] I i,-1l) ers represent inlg the lnews -ervi,-.
IelIWSpapl,*,-, anl news reels iln Wasllingi(ton) a mailing list was set up
to receive all rele.i-,- that c;in ble Illist rated to good( :ia(vant:age, :i
well as a:(ivance notices of meetiII- tls Iles p)hotoir pders cover.
lBroadcastinllg of iinfornia ti ()oI a risilln out of lie e(,rvi(ces aild activ-
ities of te I )e p:rit llmen of Agricnulltre increased IIotiteably ti s year.
The Inuitber (of NBC associated slatiolns rieletl-ing the Nationail Farmn
and Ilome Hour inin-c'.ied to 104 as of September 26. 1931S: (lie numn-
ber of local station s which receive tlie Departinwt's Farm Flashes
i'ln-ra-ed by 9!) to reach a new high of 431; local stations that have
requested tlie liHome makers' (Chts tot al 255. Nine local stations
dluiring' this year launched iin-l:ining public service farm lr' ,,ra,,,
and p-i, ht participation Iy the Departiment of Agriculture and State
land-,,rnni t coll'g-. The number of stations sub,-iriling, to t le United
Press Radio News Service (which carries a feature known as On
the Farmi Front to which the Department contributes) reached 315.
At the r,' qi-u of Station WLW the Depart.ment contributed seven
programs in Tlie Nation's School of the Air, diliwfl,(d to junior high-
school students and carried by the MAf al network. Arrangemen)its
were made by the Farm Security A iinii-t r.ition with KOA. Denver,
for a weekly series of broadcasts by Department of Agriculture and
other Federal and State agencies covering services rendered by those
agenci-es in the area -it ,d by KIOA. This proir;im is known as
Problems of Plains and Mountains. One broadcast to SuiIlh Ameri-
can listeners ;iu put oi tlhe air from New York by NBC February
12, 1r:.i, and carried by RCA communications to Argentina f>or
itlea- ill that country by El lnndo network. The Department con-
tributed 23 brim:iI dats in a series arrani',ed by the National Emer-
genty Couincil for presentation on local stations under the gener al
title of "T. S. Government R1e ports." This is not a complete rer''d
of Department of Agriculture broadclras(in i, but it is indicative of
the wide r1an1 of reuRnlar and special radio services reporting useful
infr'inalion from the research and action programs of the
D.1Ipa rt' imet.
Participation in the National Farm and Home Hour continued to
be a major radio a:i viiy of the D'p:ir'tment. This prI'i aiia entered
its eleventh viar October 2, 1!3:>. Nineteren bureaus, otfices, and
action agnencic- were represented this year. Notable broadcasts dur-
ing the year were 8 dressesss by the S.r,.t.' ry of Agriculture, 1 by
the Under Secretary, and 2 lh the Assistant Secretary; weekly
reports by official: of the Azricul't ial Adjustment Administration on
objectives and progress of the national farm pri-ogramli ; 3' broadca-t-
by officials of the Soil Conservation Serv\ice giving information
14 ANNUAL REPORTS OF DEPA.\:ISMNT OF AGRICULTURE, 1939
to assist farmers in conserving soil and water; 22 broadcasts by the
editor of the Yearbook of Agriculture, 1 an.ed on the 1938 Yearbook,
Soils and Men; 30 broiadae:ts by officials of the Forest Service and
46 episodes of Uncle Sam's Forest Rangers-all giving information
that will asisit in conserving forest resources; the monthly special
land-grant college, 4-H Club, and home demonstration programs.
Special attention was given to information for con'IL-iiners and home-
makers, including 48 broadcasts reporting research by the Bureau
of Home Economic. and a series of 30 broadca-Lts reporting work of
10 different bureaus of particular -viwice to (coiniiumctrs and the pub-
lic at large.
For the second successive year the National Farm and Home Hour
was shifted to daylight-saving time during the summer limonths.
Effective Sept emb er 26, 1938, the last 15 minutes of the National
Farm and Home Hour was dropped out of the program and replaced
with five regional farm news programl1, three of them commercially
sponsored. The Department of course in accordan;ie with its estab-
lished policy took no part in tl e-e or any oiliera commercially sponsored
A major change in the Farm Flash manuscript service for local
stations became effective February 28, 1939. Previous to that date
a 7-minute, 6-day-a-week script service had been provided. This
was replaced with an individual news story script service, each news
story scrutinized carefully as to its application and then sent im-
mediately only to the States in which it applied. This change was
accompanied by progress toward servicing all individual radio sta-
tions through the State ex ten-.ion editors. In March 1939, the number
of States in which the editors ditrilbite the Farm Flashes reached
43 all States except Colorado, Connecticut Kentucky,
Wyoming, and Vermont. In Connecticut and Vermont the Farm
Flashes are incorporated in News of New England Agriculture,
syndicated to several station in each New England State by the
New England Radio News Service. Therefore, the Department's
Farm Flashes now pass through local hands to radio stations in
all but 3 three States. These Flashes are now received by 431 sta-
tions an increase of 99 over last year.
The Homemakers' Chat syndiiealed manuscript service was con-
tinued this year. Requiestts for this 6-day-a-week service have
steadily increased. The Chats are now sent to 255 radio stations and
to 169 individuals (inltly home demonstration agents) who use
them as reference material and, in some cases, as sources of informa-
tion for broadcasting. In 19 States (8 more than last year) the
Chats reach the stations through the State extension editors.
The Department provided United Press Radio News with from
400 to 800 words a day of Department news and information for use
in the On the Farm Front feature. As of June 1939, a total of
315 local stations subscribed to the United Press Radio News Service.
The Consumers Counsel Division of the A. A. A. cooperated with
the General Federation of Women's Clubs in a weekly trans-con-
tinental consumer program over the NBC Red network.
In the far West the Department broadcast a 15-minute (Monday-
Friday inclusive) regional farm and home program known as West-
ern TUnlit ed States Department of Agriculture. This program is
DIRECTOII OF INFOlMA.\I'ION
carried by 6 stations associated with tlie NBC Pacific Coast Blue
network. This prD)og' is pn-~.nted during the noon hour (12:45
to 1:00 p. in., Pacific standard time, at present). During this year,
12 bureaus and olfices (of ilie IDepartllment a1nd the extellsion servir',-.
of 5 W~t ,lerii Sl ias participated in 240 bro(ad'-;i-.s d'-inied to pro-
vide far-wst.l.iir li..t,,,in.rs with inforniatioll applyillg to western
agriculture and holli,:lkit lg.
State extension services i:ade iiarke1d pr,'.gress in usi n ra ldio as
a means of providing tlie public with news and information arising
front tlie research and tlie service work of the land-g'ran[t coll..'-- allnd
the Department of Agriculture. During this year 4 States (Minilie-
-o(i:. New 1ilexico, Okl(ahloma, and Wa-lhingtlon) addedll radio slpecial-
ists to tlleir extelisioll staffs, brillngig to 21 the uiiiiinber ,of States in
whicl 1 ( I oire I)ersos devote nost of t leir tilllee t (t levlop illnt
of radio p'rograni -.rvices. At least 10 (olier State extend sion serve ic\'(
are providillg radio listeners with fari and Lhonme information: and
in thle remain ii lli 17 States a certain amount of broadit-.l ing is done
by State ad11( coillty extension workers.
Tlie Departienit broadcasts only in tlie inie made available, -b
he bro ad' .tiing stations. No traini-mitters are operated by 1lie 1)e-
paritmenit, aind( the Coingnlr- appropriates no funds for hiringl t rans-
mitting facilities. So the Department seeks and accepts tie coopera-
tion of individual -i:llions and of networks. The maintenance of
cooperative relationships with thl,- radio organizations is onei of lhe
fund:iine'ntal ri-ponsibilities of the Radio Service. Not only does
the Radio service do this for the Department, but it al-I cooperates
with the State extension services in developing improved service
through the individual stations and in maintaining rIila; ionships.
DIVISION OF SPECIAL REPORTS
+culture has included the preparation of information materials deal-
ing with related phases of the work of the various agernics of the
These materials have covered a variety of subject matter, as wide
;i thie activities of the Department and have been uscd in the pre'pa ra-
tion of bulletins, in -pecial reports, to supply information for farm
journals, and to supply information for Departmi(llnt personnel.
The work of the Special Reports Division is concerned lai i_.-ly with
reporting the total effort of the Department to bring services to the
people of the Unitel States. As noted earlier, there has 1 :;'e an
increa-i--g need for informational ti.elriails in this field.
When farnimr- were concerned chiefly with problems of efficiency
in production and market ing, most Depali tlim l bulletins reported
research activities. In recent years there has been a growing d.llr- nd
and a growing_ need among farmers for information on factors affect-
ing the markets for their products and on factors affecting their
incomes and Ihiir welfare in general. Info miation miiaterials are
being, made available on the total prIogr:mll of the Departmieint in
relation to ilih-e problems.
The need for methods of dealing with the newer and more difficult
problems of agriculture hlas resulted in a large number of legislative
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
16 ANNUAL REP')RTS OF I)DEPARTMIENT OF A( i3 1262 08740 1534l l
3 1282 08740 1534
eIna1;l-tiniit which have gri.ltly bro'adened the responsibilities and
the work of the Department. Under this legislation and previous
authorizations the Department is now cne trlir ed with problems of
:asisting f;ar~eiirs to bring about a stable income and balanced rela-
tionship with the rest of our economy, with problems of ciintervation
of basic resources and greater -eclurity of tenure, and with problems
of efficient production, distribution, and use of agricultural products.
With such a compreliein-lve program of public aids to agriculture
in operation it has become clearly necessary to provide f;riners of
today with informational iiiatri.als that will bring to them in co-
ord(inated and most highly useful form the fi;ct, about the whole
range of new and old agriculi iral programs. This is a new informa-
tional need felt and expressed by farmers. It does not supplant the
need for the informational materials originating in the older and
still conti iuingir programs of research, regulation, and service. The
new types of information must be supplied in addition to the older
In cooperation with all the agencies of the Departnii-ni, the Di-
vision of Special Reports prepares the newer types of ifiifrmn ti(nal
materials pre:-rltilng comprehensive suI IImari.es of the relationship
of all the programs to the problemii-. of farm ers and the general public.
The Division was -.ITffed and its work started late in the year. Im-
mediately iiindertaken was the preparation of a new publication,
Achieving a Balanced Agriculture, reporting the entire program of
Federal public aids to agriculture. Also started v as the prepara-
tion of a series of imanal.-, one for each State, giving the facts about
the operations of Depa'rtimiclnt of Agriculture agencies in each State,
and directing c(it iz:ens who wished to avail themii-elves of Departmient
services to the headquarters of each Department agency in the State.
Planniing of other series of materials needed in helping citizens use
the departmental -ervices was under\v;iy at the close of the year.
U. S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE: 1939
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, Washington, D. C. Price cents