Coast Guard bulletin


Material Information

Coast Guard bulletin
Physical Description:
4 v. : ; 25 cm.
United States -- Coast Guard
Treasury Dept., Coast Guard
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C
Publication Date:


federal government publication   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 1, no. 1 (July 1939)-v. 4, no. 1 (July 1948).
Numbering Peculiarities:
Issues for July 1939 to June 1942 numbered v. 1, no. 1-36; issues for July 1942-June 1945 numbered v. 2, no. 1-36; issues for July 1945-June 1948 numbered v. 3, no. 1-36.
General Note:
"CG 134."
General Note:
Title from caption.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 004847253
oclc - 01586958
lccn - sn 90034071
lcc - HJ6645 .C6
System ID:

Related Items

Preceded by:
Lighthouse Service bulletin
Preceded by:
Marine inspection and navigation bulletin
Succeeded by:
U.S. Coast Guard bulletin

This item is only available as the following downloads:

Full Text



Volume 3 W7ASHINGTON, AUGUST 1947' Number 26

,~r I"CI



On August 4, 1947, the Coast Guard
wil be157yeas od.Soon after Con-
gress had passed the first Ta~riff Act in
17.49, Alexander H~amilton, the first Sec-
retary of the Treasury, recommended d
to Congress the construction of "10
boats" to be employed "for the security
of the revenue." These were authorized
on August 4, 1790, and with them wmas
born the Revenue Marine, later to be
called the Rlevenlue Cutter Service, and l
finally to become the Coast Guard.
N-ot long after its organization the
Revenue Marine found itself invested
with additional duties. Eight of its
cutters were first placed in cooperation
with 12 vessels of the newly organized
Nav@ in the Quasi War with France in
1798 and did fine service~ in the summer
and fall of 1793, capturing, unaided, 16
out of the 20 French privateers taken.
Shortly after this the Revenue Ma rile
was entrusted with the enforcement of
the State quarantine laws; then with
the suppression of piracy and the slave
trade; also with the enforcement of the
neutrality laws and later with sup-
pressing all crime on the high seas.
In the War of 1812 9 cutters, aver-
aging 125 tons each, captured 14 British
vessels. In 1836, 8 cutters cooperated
wpith the Army and Navy in the Sen-
inole WCar in Florida. In the following
year the service was charged with ren-
dering assistance to "distressed naviga-
tors"" along our coasts. In the Mexrican
War of 18468--4 11 cutters participated,
2 of them winning gloryr in amphibious
operations at the mouth of the Tobasco
River. In the Civil War the service
foughtt for the Union with 6 steam cut-

ters, 3 paddle-wheel stealmers and 14
sailing vessels, I of which accompalniedi
the M~onitor inl its battle with the
Merrimac. When we acquired Alaskia
in 1867 a lon~g period of law enforce-
ment in that territory began for the cut-
ters, including protection of seal, hali-
but, and other fish and game. TChirteen
cutters cooperated with the Navy in the
Spanish A~merican War in 1898 with the
officers of the Hudson ge~ttinel the only
gold and silver medals bestowed by Con-
gress in that war.
The International Ice Patrol was
addedl~t to duties of the service in 1913,
anld in 1915 the Life Saving Service,
with its tradition of inltlr.-idif y, was
;1malgama rr~tedl with the Revenue Cutter
Service to form the Coast Guard. Inz
World War I, it suffered the greatest
losses, in proportion to its size, of any
of our armed services. In 1939 the
Lighthouse Service became part of the
Coast Guard, and in 1n942, soon after the
outbreak of World War II, many marine
inspection duties were transferred to it.
In the latest earlier the Coast Guard
partic~ipa~tc e in every amphibious land-
ing from Guadaleanal to Tokyo, and
from Casablanca to Southern France,
fought submarines by sea and air, cap-
tured Nazis in Greenland, and guarded
50,000 miles of our coasts with beach
patrols. It manned 291 Army, 351l Navy
-and 802 of its owcn vessels with a total
military strength of 239,422 officers and
men, including 45,000 Temporary Re-
servcists and 22,000 plant guards. 1,878
Coast Guardsmen gave their lives, and
1,SBS were decorated.

1 Pub-lished with thie approval of the Director of the Budget.

Distribut n (SD)L No. 30) :
A8: a, e. d, (5 ea) ; e, f, h, m (3 ea) ; remainder (1 ea)
B: e (14 ea) ; e, f, g, h, i (5 ea) ; j (3 ea) ; k (2 ea) ; remainder (1 ea)
0 : all (1 ea)
D: all (1 ea)






Thle Coast Guard acts as part of the
Navy in time of war and is under the
Trl'a or:l'. Department in time of peace'
In addition to its military duties it en-
forces the following laws:


Forllnrly~' 3 enforced for the Depart-
me~nt of Comlmerce?, thle Coast Guard now
enlforces these laws on "vessels of the
UnritedZ States" which are r c~Inired~ to
carury certain documents, sprc~ifie~Id by
law for each class, in order that their
identity and nationallity may be readily
atscertained. Penalties are imposed for
fraud and negligence in vessel registra-

Numerous other requirements which
vessels of the United States must meet,
such as space and accommodations for
crew and hospital and their general
cleanliness and accessibility; fumiga-
tion of forecastles; at stipulated inter-
valls and provisions of at least two exits,
are subject to Coast Guard enforcement.


Under the authority of the Interna-
tional Load Line Convention of 1930,
the provisions of the Coast Guard en-
forced United States Load Line Act of
March 2, 10207, are tended to merchant
vessels of 150 gross tons or over of coun-
tries which have ratified or acceded to
the convention, with vessels of foreign
countries having laws equally effective
with ours, reciprocally exempt. This
and the attendant coastwise act pro-
hibit vessels from proceeding to sea so
loaded as to submerge the load line.


Coast Guard enforced laws require
vessels of t-he United Staltes to have
American citizens as officers; a speci-
lied comp~llement of officers and crew, in~
thntlnei certfifirtd lifeboatmen; a mint-
Inum Ilnuber of licensed officers on pas-
...anuarl vessels to be American citizens,
wvithl 75 percent of ther crew; the entire
ctrewv of subsidized and cargo vessels to
be Ame-rienln citizens, with 10 percent
aliens int the steward's department on

such passenger vessels; the 8-hour day
for seamen, in port as well as at sea,
except in emergency or in certain ex-
trrnuatingr circumstances. Coast Guard
shipping commissioners located in most
of the principal ports superintend sea-
mnen's engagement and discharge.


Heavy penalties are imposed for fail-
ure of certain types of vessels to be in-
spected. Special regulations deal with
tank vessels. Frequent examinations of
such vessels by the Coast Guard enforce
various other requirements.


Vessels violating the international
rules of the road may be held at fault
following a collision. Inland rules of
the road, including regulations govern-
inlg the length of tow lines in inland
waters, are enforceable by the Coast

The Coast Guard enforces the law
regulating lights and signals on motor-
boats and all nonsteam vessels 65l feet
or over in length, the type anld number
of their life preservers, fire extin-
guishers, and the licensing of operators
of those carrying passengers for hire;
the regulations dealing with the obstrue-
tion of navigable waters, including ob-
struction or interference with any aid
to navigation; oil pollution regulations
applicable to vessels carrying oil for
fuel or in excess of lubricating needs on
tidal, coastal, and Inavigalbl waters;
local anchorage rules and regulations;
and issues regulations necessary to pro-
mote the safety of life on navigable
waters during regattas or marine

The President is authorized to in-
struct commanders of public armed ves-
sels of the United States to seize any
armed vessel, the crew of which shall
have attempted or committed any pi-
ratca ngre. vessel of the United States ulnlawfully
captured ulpon the hilgh seas.


The Coast Guard is cha~r~ged with the
preventi~ionil detection, and suppression



of violation of laws of thet Un~itecd Sta;tes ~
on the high sonls, inl harbors, hl:ty*,
soundsltl, r'oadst~eads, and the like bodies
of water along the coasts of the United
States, its Te'crritoriesf, aInd p~osselssiols,
and. shores of the Great Lakes, and on
the Great L~akes and1I (Cllcnneding~ waters
thereof. Officers of the Customs or of
the Coast Guard~(` may, at anly time, go on
bord;l1 any vessel or vehicle at any place,
within the United States or within 4
leagues of its coaswt, to examine tle
manlifests andc inspect, wa~;rc~h, and ex
aminee everyr part thereof and any per
*rnl, trunk, or porcl;lTage on board, using
all necessary force to compltl comp~li-
antce. Violations of the revenue laws
just-if- seisur~e:lln1 arrest. Crimes comm-
mittedd upon the high seas by American
citizens or upon American rcessels come
within the enforcement duties of the
Coast Guard.


The Coast Guard enforces the NCorth-
ern Pacific Halibut Act of 101:'12 which
makes it unlawful for any person to
catch any halibut at any time in any
of the waters closed to such fishing from 3
November 1 to F11 hrun ry 15~c each year
as established b~y the convention signed
heIven, l the United States and C7anada, ,
including the ~ichl >.-0>. the Berille Sea,
and ilc'ludringl and extending westerly
from, the territorial wafters of the
United States and Canada; thle Pel;1''i
Deep Sea Frnling= Act of 1912 which
gives effect to the convention between
the U~nited States, Great Britain,
Russia, and Japan for the preservation
of fur seals and sea-otter, in Norlth
Pacific waters and forbids anly Unlited
States citizen from Iilling, capturing,
or pursuing, at any time, any fur seal
in these waters, north of 300 N. and
sea otters within thle 3-mile limit of
the United. States territory only; the
act to protect walruses in Alaska; the
Alien ihngAct which prohibits
aliens, inlc~luingll companies, corporaZ-

cept with rod, spear, or gaff, in Alaskan
waters; the Alaska Game Lawp; the
Whatlling Trea ~ty Act which gives effect
to a convention between the United
States and 21 other countries anld regu-
lates the taking of righlt whales so as
to preserve them from extinction: the
M~igraltoryT Bird Act which gives effect
to the convention between the United
States andlt Great Britainl for the pro-
tection Of migratory hirds; and the
Spence FI~( is-inelll Act which. regulates the
taking and catching in the waters of

thle Gulf of 3D~~xic m or thte Stra;it~s of
F~l..ritl:i, outside thle State limits, comn-
menrreial . le~ss thaln 5> inches in their maximumr


The Coast G;uard enforces local, Statet
quarantine laws any' plac.- on the waters
of thle State, andt national quaralntine
laws on the hiigh seas anid unini\abrll e
waters of the Uinitedl Sltates; those por-
tions of the Air Comumerce Act which
provide .lIin-unities for 1110 exhiibition of
alny false light or ?iigna~l with inltent to
interfere with air nav1igation in thet ntav-
igable air~space or wa~ters of the United
States; thte immiigration laws which
ma1:ke it unlawful to bring into the United
.Ni~iio- or conceal or har~bor any alien
not duly admitted by an imlllinl:icat io
inspector or not lalwfullyv entitled to
e1lter Or TOSide therein; the neutrality
laws within thle 3-mile limit, as to for-
eign vessels and persons, butt anywvher~e
on the high~ seas as to Amer~icanr vessels
and nationals; regulations Illnhlibliil)n:-
the export or boarding of gold; or silver
coin, bullion, or currency; those pro-
hibiting the transportation on United
States nar waters of any intlam-
mtable, explosive, or like dangerous
eargo,, oncl~~llueing inl Such waters, or go-
ing into drydocki for repairs, while hav-
ing on aboard such (lnage~l'rlls eargo, until
it has been inspected and a safety permit
issued by the Coast Guard; laws govern1-
ing the transportation, import, and ex-
port of certain commodities, inemainelllr
adtulterated -re~lls certain hligh explo-
sives, lottery tickets, birds and animals
declared injurious, obscene books, con-
tr~aceptives andl abortifacents, and all1
cattle, sheep, w \ine, and goats, unless
inspe'~cted~ and certified sound and
healthy t intrtnlal revenue laws on the
high seas and marigabh*l~lr waters; and
certain sections of the Submoarine Cable
Act p--rtn;ining~ to willful and negligent
.injulry to submarine cables.


In l837 Congress authorized the Presi-
dent to employ "public vessels" for the
purpose of cruising the coast in severe
weather and aIffordtinlg aid to "distressed
nav\iga;tors."." The Coast Guard is
c anld property from shipwreck; wTith
tak~ling~ (.hurce1 of and protecting prop-
erty savedl from shipwreck and prop-
erly caring for bodies of such as mn,\I?



niirdri-al and sulrgicl~ aid to the crews
of American vessels engagedl''l in deep-
sea fisheries; with rec-scuing lives and
prollart.1,~ aiding vessels in distress, and
diStr'ibut~ing food an1d clothing to ma-
roonedl IIIIIle. dur11ing tfood times on the
>I; -imippri and Ohio Rivers and their


The International Service of Ice Ob-
servaltion and Ice Patr'ol, intitiatedl by
the~ United States in 1912, fllllow\ing~ the
sinking of the Titan~ic by collision with
an ;is-* b -r, conltinuedt whlen a formal
convention was signac~l at London by the
principal maritime powers, prescib.;~'li g
a p~ermainent and systematic patrol,
which the Coast G-uard now conducts.


"Air Sea? Rescue," innL ll'l ua r te in 1939
aind developed dluring~ 1!I-1.-1I;, is being
maintained as a regular peazcetimne Coast
Guard function renamed "'Search and
Re~scue." There are, as yet, no specific
legal bases for many of the instrument
talities used in ''ea wh~l and Rlescue"
but if the United States accepts its
obligation of maintaining seven and one-
half weather patrol stations under the
Provisional International Civil Avia-
tion Ogizio.necessary United
States enabling Ilegis~ntionl for both
"Search and Rescue" and 'Weather
Patrol" should follow*


On July 1, 19391, the Coast Guard took
over the ~iehlithouse Service from the
Depa~l'(ll'rtmt of Commerce and became
chairged~l with the construction, opera

and inspection of all aids to navig:Hinnii.
WaVrtimne development of LORAlN, pulse
radio navigation systems, and RACON,
fixed frequency transponder, together
with other wartimne developed aids, are
bingll carried over into the peacetime


In 19410, the Coast Guard established
an Atlantic W~eather Observation Serv-
ice, patrolling certain weather stations,
which were areas 100 miles square?, be-
twecen B~ermud~a and the Azo~res, for tle
pr~ote~ction of the rapidly increas:1ilg
trans-Atlantic air commerce. On Maly 1,
10)47, there were two of these in the
Atlatntic and two in the Pacific. W~ith
thne acceptance of thie United States re-

sponsibilities untlhl r PC.\O (see "Search
and Riescue") tllc numbellr'~ would be in-
crea\sedl to seven and one-half in *the
Atlatntic a~nd two in the Pacific.


T'he Coast Guard was directed by Ex-
ecuxt~ie order of December 21, 1936, to
aSSist inl I;eepIing~ open channels atnd
harlbors' by means of ice breatlling~ in ac-
cordanee with the reasonable demands
of commerce. It operates with its own
cutters ~ndl, on the Great Luke1;Is, its ow2n
sp~cia~lly decsignedl icebreaker, the Illack-


Thle Coast Guard is authorized to col-
lec~t anid compllile statistics of marine dis-
asters to htelp in determuining the loca-
tion of lifeboat stations and aids to

On July 16, 31040, certain functions of
the former Bureau of Marine Inspection
and Navigat~ionl of the D~epartment of
Commerce were transferred permlanent-
ly to the Coast Guard after being tem-
porarily performed since February 283,
14.These were in three main cate-
gories--those dealing with the safety
features of ship construction and repair,
and with afety.r) enllinionsenlt; those deal-
ing writh the enforcement of disciplinary
controls over merchant marine person-
nel, enforced by hearings units manned
by Coast Guard personnel and set up
in major ports at home and abroad; and
those dealing with the enforcement of
duties of shipowners and officers after
accidents, and other duties, many of
which wrere already being performed by
the Coast Guard for the Secretary of


Special Coast Guard duties in Alaska
only, not included among those per-
formed genelrar;lly, include: administer
oaths generally, including performance
of the nuarr'liaget ceremony when re-
quired; act in the capacity of Navy In-
telligence personnel when visiting Al-
aska villages; dispense justice in iso-
lated villages; perform when required,
the duties of United States marshal and
Conanissioners, and transport "foainglil
courts" to various points whenever re-
quired; carry the mail; transport na-
tives, teachers, educational and other



fi~dl to vo~te, b~y sending an :rllplic:rflon
to( thle D~ivisionl for Servicem~en's Vo ine~,
S!c~r~etary~ of suitel of New\\ Y..rls, Albanyl
1., N. Y., or to the board of e~lcct~ions of
hiis hiome county o~f retsidenic~e. Their post-
card't app`Ilicnt~ion many be obtarinced firom
yortrl voting: o~ffic~er or' by' wIrilillp to thle
Division for Ser~vicemcen's Vl.1ine~. Steere-
turly of S1-tat of ~lne Yor~k, Alhanlly 1,,
N. IY., or to the serviceman'~s local board
of elections of his homec county o~f relsi-
TPhe application shoulld be mailecd so
as to be re-.-~ivedl by thiis division not
later than October li, 1947.
Wartr ballots will be forwardled to the
serv\icemln by the local boards of elee-
t-ions commencing September 20, 1947.
The~se ballots, in order to be counted,
Inust be received by the Division for
Ser~viemen's Voting not later than noon
of November 3, 1947.
.Information relative to your voting
rights mnay be obtained from your vot-
ing officer or by wr.litil)L direct to the
Division for Servicemen's Voting, Sec-
i'tetary' of State of NewFp York, Albany 1,
N. Y.


Americat n D:efensie Service M~edals and
,.1;I-1- and World War II Victory Alwantsl
ar~e no~w beingf dlistributedl to eligible
pe~rsonnel of the Coa)st Guard aind the
Public Health Serv-iec who served with
the C'oast Guardi. To facilitate thlis d~is-
tribultion, each Coaist Guard Districit has
Ilaleisign.lth-. a number~ of offices where up-
plicaltions may be mlade andl medals
Th'i--- medals 1InIrI be obtained by ap-
pil~rlrio inl person andl pres.*nilne proof
of service, any' of the f-11nwinell docu-
mnents sevn=this purpose: EnInII~
NAVC~(G-c553. noctice of sepalration from
the Unitedl States Njaval Serv-ice-Coast
Guard; form NAcVCO-2742, diselnroll-
InentI1 temnporanry member Unritedl States
Coast Gual~rd: discharm-=' clrtifil.le, or
othru offcial proof of (cliL;ibility- for the-P*
awarfrds. If a personal :IIll,rance11 is not
practicable, a written Irllluest, enclosing
proof of 1izibrility for the awpards, may
he wh111ii-reme to the Commnandant
(P3D~I), United States Coast Guard,
Wa~shington 2Li, D., C. Area crnuspa;ign
medals will not be distributed at this

iupliii,- andl inispct Alaiskan vll:se**-;
with re~sultalnt r~emtin~nendal; tions fo' im-
p~rovemuent; and prol or('I sanitary condi-
tions; maknle surveys aIndl renderl re-llaris
on1 com'lllf.; J~innrhs maltters,~ wildlife, re-
giliin:l indlust ries, ushline school S~1 SOf fiS1,
etc.; transport Goverlrnment officials,
nuriic<, civilians, missioanaries, military
persornnel, andl t~ransionts where other
transportation faclilities are! diliultll or
unavilale;also destitute seanmen;
mal~ke" CI..-Iol..g~ial sulrVeySS and (Zltak tel-
sus of natt~ives-aud native villowew; anlld
makPt lI~civeil ]Iydtrclgr; I phii surveys and

Under the act of March 2, 1799, vessels
of the Revenue Mn lrine "s8hall whlenelver
the President of United' States shall so
direct, cooperate with the Nav~y of the
Unlited States." Under this provision of
law the Revenue Ma~rine, anrd it's su~c
cessors the! Revenue Cutter Service and
Coast Guard, were ordered to cooperate
wiithl the No vy and fought in all the
country's wars.


The act approved January 28, 1915c, as
amended (14 U. S. C. 1-Supp. Y), estab-
lishes the Coast Guard1~ (olnnihiningl t-he
former Revenue Cu~tter Service and the
Life Saving Serv~ice). As amended, the
law n3ow provides "The Coast Guard,
which shall be a military service and
constitute a branch of the land and ~
navral forces of the United States at all
'times, shall operate under the Treasur~y
Department in time of peI;c,' and oppr-
ate as a part of the Navy, subj~et to thfe
orders of the Recretary of the Navy, in
time-of war or w~hen the President shall
so direct. *


Ther Division for Servicernen's Votingr,
the official :1eenry;? for handl~ling~ the ser-
vice~men's votes for the State of Nov T
York, advises that alIllle n t i II I ei their in
the for~m of post cards prepared by it, or
by the Fedleral Government, or any other
writing wTherein the servicemlan signs
his name, hom~re residence address by
street and nlunih rl. city, town, and
co-unity, apd thie military add~rres, may
obtain a ballot if he? is otherwise quali-



and 1941 the Coast Guard operated two
ocean weather stations and during 1942
and 1-1~3 two ocean. weather stations
and two plane guard stations.
T'he commander in chief, United
States F'leet on Fiebrluary 20, 1944, d~i-
reeted that two additional ocean
weather stations be established. These
were occupied about March 10, 1944,
the four weather stations then being
located as follows:


The ocean weather station program
was housus1I in Hllol at the direction of
thte President, pursuanzt to a request of
the W~eathler Bur~eau through the Secre-
tary of Agriculture. It was muade a
joint W;eather Burealu-Coast Guard op-
eration.; the Coast G~uard providing the
ships and communication. facilities, and
the weather Bureau providing the ob.
servers and the special instruments: and
equipment requiredl. This arr an-.*enwni ll
still continues. The number and loca-
tion of ocean weather stations originally
deemed necessary was dleterm~ined by
the Weather Bureau in consultation with
the United States commercial air lines,
whose needs were being served. During
the wvar, the number andi locations were
determined by committees under the
Joint Chiefs of Staff, primarily the Me~
te~orological Commrrittee of which the
Weather Bureau is a mremaber. With the
establishment of the Air Coordinating
Committee, that body recommended and
approved the number and location of the
stations, and later the interested N~orth
Atlantic States agreed at London in
September 1946, that a minimum of 13
ocean weather stations were required,
at positions set forth in that agreement.
The Joint Chiefs of Staff and the Air
Coordinating Comnmittee have approved
the 13 stations minimum and the posi-
On Fe~tbruary 101, 19~40, the Coast Guard
cutters Bibb and Duane assumed posi-
tions, marking twco ocean weather sta-
tions on the great-circle course between
Bermuda and the Azores, located as
follows :

Station No. 1--34o N.
2--370 IU
3--430 N.

550 W
o0~ W.
380 T
440301' W.

On April 1, 19144, operational control
of ocean weather stations, and vessels
attached thereto, passed from the Coast
Guard to commander in, chief, United
States Atlantic Fleet. The actual oper-
ations were delegated to the commander
task force 24, in Argentia, with admin-
istrative and technical control vested in
the commander destroyers Atlantic
Fleet. This shift of control was for
reasons of military security and exer-
cise of command in the Atlantic Ocean.
The commander in chief, United States
Fleet, in M~ay 1944, directed that two
additional weather stations be estab-
lished immediately at 580 N. 370 WV.
and 500 NsT. 34o W. These were occupied
on M~ay 20 and 25, respectively, and
were temporarily designated plane
guard station C and weather station 5
in that order. Information was received
on May 22 that the British were to
occupy. two weather stations in 55~0 N.
300 WV. and 450 N. 18o W. In June
1944, plane guard stations A, B3, and C
w~ere redesignated stations 6, 7, and 8,
respectively. About this time, in order
to adequately man all stations, several
naval vessels of the Atlantic Fleet were
used temporarily to fill in until the
commissioning of the frigates (PF's)
for this duty. On October 21, 1944,
commander in chief, United States At-
lantic F'leet, directed the establishment
of eight ocean weather stations, includ-
ing two plane guard or flight security
stations; these latter, however, were to
make full surface and upper air weather
reports in the samze manner as weather
stations. The eight stations were lo-
e~ated~ as follows:

Station No. 1--35038' N.
2--37044' N.

530"21' T.
410 13' W.

These stations were continuously occu-
pied in various positions in the western
North Atlantic through 19~43. During
the summer of 1942~, two plane guard, or
flight security, stations were estab-
lished; one between Labrador and
Greenland and one between Greenland
and Iceland. These stations, plane
guard stations A and B, respctively,
manned by Coast Guard vessels, were
operated under the commander, Green-
land Patrol, a Navy task group of the
Atlantic Fleet, to protect the military
aircraft flying over this route to Great
Britain. These stations were later in-
corporated into the Atlantic Ocean
weather station net. Thus, during 1940

Station No. 1-34" N.
2--320 N.
3--43" N
4---540 N.
5---500 N.
6---5i80 N.

550 W.
400 W.
38o W,
44"30' W.
34o iT
520 w



8---580 N.

31030' r.
gua" rd.

Atlantic weather stations. The1I fo~llo~w-
.ine table shows the stations oc~cupiced
by the Coast C;uardt in the Atlantict for
the remainder of 19)46:
March~d 15 to May 1,____ 6
RI~lln 3 to May1 20_____ 1
Many 20) to June 10 3___
June 10 to Auguist 5_-- 1
Anandll* 5 to Sep~Itemlbe' ~22 3
Sepltemrber 22 to D~ecembrll~
15 ---________ 3
December 15 to Many 1,
1947__________ 2
The fluctuations were due to dem~robili-
The ocean weather stations in the
Pacific were manned by Navry vessells of
various types until the frigates, malnnedl
by the Coast Guard, heen a1I to operatte
in that area, about Mayl 10344-. T1IIn- com-
ma:ndel~r in chief, United States Fleet, es-
tablished a weather per..Il of 2 stations
in the northleastern3 Pacific in S193. This
was shiortly increasedc to 4, and 3 plane
=1narelI stations were established on the
flight line from San Fralnsc;cl to Pearl
Harbor. During thle ensuing years, the
number of ocean weather and plane
gurdllt stations in the P~acific was in-
creased to 21. It was not until April 15,
19146, that the Coast Guard entered thle
picture as an olperat~ing agency in the
I pacific. On that date, operational con-
trol of the then ex~istinep 5 stations east
Sof H~awaii passedl to the Coast Guard
to be operated cooperatively wnith thie
WFeather BTureau as in the Atlantic. In.
M~ay 1946, these 5 stations were reduced
to 3, and just prior to June 30, 1:0-110,
thle stations operated by the Coast Guard
in the Pacific were reduced to 2.
A tabulation of all ocean weather and
plane guard't stations, as of January 22,
101T,I, is as follows:
Total ocean weather station__ 34
Atlantie -_ _- _---- 12
British __------ 3
United States (CG)-- 9
Pacific --_____--_- 22
C':nnanl ___- ____ 1
United States (Navoy)_ 21
Total vessels manned by CG for
ocean station. duty- ____ 44
Atlantic _--- _----- 23
Pacific -_ __ _---- 21
U. S. We~;her~ B~ureau person-
nel involved (Atlantic onlly)_ 55
The Annual Number of Svensk
Sjofarts Tidning which is the organ of
the Swedlish shipowning industry, con-

The number of stations manned a~nd
their locations remained as of October
21, 1944. until VE-day in the springr of
10..In order to salfeguardl~ tlhe tre-
mzendous increase in air traffic involved
in the Irlldeploymenlut of allied air forces,
the combined chiefs of staff directed
an imnunediate increase in the number
of ocean weather stations. By July 1,
10-10,rl *2 stations were being maintained
in the Atlantic as follows:
Western North Atlantic by ~United
States _----------- 11
Easte~rn North Atlantic by United
Kingdom ___________ 5
South Atlantic between Recife
and Dakiar, by Brazil under com-
manderl~l. South Atlantic ]Fleet_- 4
By United K~ingdom_____ 2

Total ___________ 22
On November 1, 1041.-. United States stl-
tionsli 1, 5. 9), 11, and Brazilian stations
14 and 15 were discontinued. At this
same time, however, stations 12 and 13
were manned by Coast Guard undcer the
commander South Atlantic Fleet so that
as of November 1, 10rl-1.1 the Coast Guard
was manning2 91 stations, 2 in the South
Atlantic and 7 in the North Atlantic.
Demnobilization caused further redue-
tions in British-mannedl stations, so that
on January 1, 1946, the United States
wpas manninelllc 9 stations and the United
Kined..inll 5 stations, a total of 14.
DurlineL JTanuaryp 1!'40(. the British
abandoned four more stations and on
January 1, 1946, station 12 was re-
located in the North Atlantic to fill the
gaps left by the discontinued stations.
Station 13 was discontinued on March
1, 1946, endringr all South Atlantic oper-
ations. Therefore, on March 1, 1946, the
Coast Gutrd1 w~as operating eight North
Atlantic weather stations and the
British one. At a conference with the
Commander of Naval Operations on
M~arch. 1, 1940lr, the following was agreed
Reduce Atlantic stations to six
by March 15, ~1946.
Return operational control to
the Coast Guardl on the same
Stations 10 and 12 were disestablished
between March 1 and 15, and on May 1
the United Kingdom abando~ne~d its last
weather station, station 19. From that
date until the present the Coast Guar~d
has been the only agency operating



tains an account of S~weden's lifeboat
ser~vice. In Sweden there are 26 life-
boat stations, run and maintained by
the ~il'linan~t Society at ant annual cost
of less tha~n 210,000r k~U]ronor. (K~rona--
a9bout; 28 cents.) In N'l,-way where
thlere arle 28 stations, the annual er-
prendliture is between 800,000 and 900~,000
krronor. In D~enmark-, where the life-
boat service is run by the state, the an-
nual expendiiture is about '700),000
kr~onor. In Englandt, the Royal National
L~ifeboat Institution spends consider-
ably over 3,rli001,000l( kronor annually and
it is also saidl that the institution's plans
for blliblingll and modernising for the
nexrt few years run to about 40,000,000
T'he population of NorwFay is about
3.non.nonr and that of Sweden about
6,0:,10.That of Denmark is corre-
.spond~inglyF~ small. In grcatter London
alone there are about 9,000,000; people,
as manly as in NorwPay and Sweden
In1 Norway and Sweden the number
of stations is limited by the funds avail-
able. Sweden has accumulated funds
almountinlg to about 2,000,000 kironor,
which, the article states, might be used
for creating newcc stations, thus saving
the lives of many more seafaring peo-
ple, but if this were done the annual
income would be inadequate to the up-
k~eep and unless state aid were forth-
C(Inin*II: the stations could not be main-
tained.-N2\autical M~agazine, June 1947.


Public Law :: 3. Seventy-ninth Con-
gress, provides for the evacuation and
retunm of the remains of certain persons
whor died aInd were buried outside the
continenttal limlitS of thre United States
and whose remains could not be re-
turned to the United States due to war-
time hiip,.ine~ restricitions. The respon-
sibility for~ calrrying out the act is placed
upon the See~retalry of Wr1.
The War~ Depa~rtment plans provide
for 2 ports of entry into the United
States, at Neicw York andl San FIr~ancisco.
Also the estab~lislanent of 15 distribu-
tion centers at Army homes(' or deput 11
at B~rooktlyn, Schenectadly, Phiildlelphia,
Charlotte, Atlantan Me~mphis, Columblus,
Ohio, Chlicago, K!\nsas Clity, ForIt Wiorth,
San Ant-onio, ASF' depot in Utah, San
Fran~lcisco, Auburn,, Wash., and Mira
T~Lllil. Calif. The War Department will
provide escorts front, tlhe time of over-

seas disinter~ment to these centers. The
various services will then provide mitfi-
tary escorts for their deceased to the
The Coast Guard has 2161 recorded
overseas burials of which, it is pres-
ently estimated, 80 percent wvill be re-
turned to the United States for final
disposition, the first remains arriving
in New York or San Francisco during
October 1947, and continuing to arrive
at the rate of approximately 20 per
month until all areas are evacuated,
p~robazbly by the ll.spring of 1949.
Itemains will not be returned to the
r-nitedl States unless and until the next
o~f kin of the deceased has indicated a
desire in the matter in answer to in-
quiry from headquarters.


At the request of the State Depart-
menzt the Coast Guard will retain mer-
chant marine details in overseas ports
to operate as they ha2ve in the past but
without authority to hold hearings.
The Commandant has directed that
merchant marine details of one offcer
and one clerk each be located at Ant-
werp, Bremerhaven, Naples, Piraeus,
Shanghai, and Trieste,, with two officers
and one clerk each at Le Havre and
Merchant marine details will be at-
tachedl to consulates and other foreign-
service units. Coast Guard officers will,
under general supervision of principal
foreign-service offcers continue to per-
form their functions in connection with
the America~n merchant marine. Funds
have been made available by the State
Department for the paymenll'lt of the
personnel retained and also for office
space at the various ports.~?

The Coast Guard cutter Mo'( ndolotr re-
turned to Ar~gentia on June 2'1, 1947,
after her siecotnd cruise for the 1947 ice
season on international ice patrol. De-

ceeded to position 46i020C' N., .~:-:'II' WY.
and cr~uisedl to point TDO= fel' N., 47"0 ,
WV., running a current section, taking
11.adhythennurll ph I.;I soundings every 5
miles to the lowest depth, up to 900
feet, pecrmit100r by the dethtl~ of water.
Enmulellt~ at 48013' N., 50027' W., an ice-
berg was sighted. Another berg was



located at 0710 on June 2 at -100..'S' N.,
51""23' W. and the ./minialllr drifted with
this berg until mnidnighrt June 3 in order
to determine its set; and1 drift.
She then In-seco-dedl't to poslitionl -latI"('
N., 460"42' WV. to search for anld standc by
a berg reportedl~l~ sighted inl that position
at 0915 on June 2 by the S. S. Glbas-
cow. The search pla~n followed after
arrival at this position at 2043 on June
4, was that of a ladder crossing the re-
portedl position of thle ber'g to the south-
southeast. At .the comlpletionl of this
area search at 1030 on June 6 the cutter
commenced a ladider-searchl plan to the
northeastward. At 1700 onl June 6 and
at 1450 on June 8; she contacted Coast
Guardi plane No. 77255 and exchanged
search and positions at ea~ch meeting.
On June 9 she proceededl to Argentin
for refueling, the results of the search
being nc-galtiv~e. WClhile it is possible for
a berg to have been in thle reported posi-
tion at that season the 5-day search for
it by the M2endota enhances the theory
that the berg, if correctly reported, must
have dlisintegrated in 3 or 4 days, the
mean sea temperatures at the surface
during the search period being 050 F`.
After all factors were considered how-
ever, thte report of a b~ergS in this soutth-
erly position was considered erroneous
by some officers.
Returning to position 49040' N., 49047'
W., on June 12 the Mendota located a
large pinnacle berg and drifted in its
vicinity fo~r 24 hours, makingll short
radial search less~ emlanating from the
berg, in search of other hergs in tle
vicinity, meanwhile keeping contact
with the trackied berg by radarl. She
then proceededl~'~ to :51012' N., 47042' W.
to search for a berg on the eastern edge
of the Labrador Str~eam anld observe its
drift. The results of this seanrch being
negative she set a w~estwardl course to
the Str~ait of Belle Isle.
Firom June 15 to 18 the cutter was

soundings across the moutht of Belle Isle
Strait and vicinity, inc'llluin~ positions
off South Wolf Island, Labr'ador, Indian
Tilkle, and North. Wolf Rock. ,
Sailing south and southwest and west
she! located a 1;Inry berg5 on the 18th in
position. 54^"'-'' N., .3.: 41' W. and on
thie 19th proceeded southwest to cheek
positions o~f other bergs sighted on the
previous day. Not havl\ing located these
bergs she returned to thle large herlg and
remained with. it 20 hours. After fur-
ther cruising in search of hergs she
departed for Argentia on thle 20th. En-

route shec -ightedl four large ber~gs arnd
t~hree gr~owlcrs.
A tota;l of' 24 freet-ft.:11ling herle<~ aud. 13
frlee-floatlingf gr~owler wa;s de~ftecl~ted by
radtar duringilL this cruise, nil ofr themll
b.-ing~ above rgo. N., exclelpt: 6 herle~ and 7
armoursI whieh wvere in the vicinity of
48"004' N., 51':111' WV. In addition numner-
ous grlound~ed 1...-r;-s were .sighte~ oni thle
L~abrador shore.
TIhe berg in the Labra~dor Streamr at
400"28' N., 51o23' W. wans observed to
have a set nor'th-northea;st to north u11nd~
a drift of 0.41 knots.Th rgri-
nally sighted at -10 '40' N., -l!I 47 WV. had
a set south-southeast to southeast andi a
drift of 0.42 knots. Thie hereI originnlly
sighted in position 541047' N., -I3 .IA' W..
had a set south-southeas,?t to southeast
and a drift o~f 1.-12 knots.
The full meteorological p1~1rour1un. as
carried out by aill weather patrol ships,
was followed throughout the cruise a~nd
synoptic surface reports were trans-
mitted at 3-hour intervals. A bathy-
thermograph so-undings was made each
day~\ at noon for a distribution survey.
A totall of 107 reports I.~~regrlill the
Presence of ice was received during'l the
patrol froml other vessels anld ice re-
ports were received, from 5j21 vessels.
Information regardingll ice conditions
was sent to 20 vessels ait their request.
Altogether, 8'74 reports were rC(i. evive
furom 2417 vessels during the patrol ci\ving
sea water temperatures at their re-
spectiv~e positions.
Although no txne-ting~ scientific meas-
ure~ments were taken, some comparison
e~nu be madec~i, on tbo basis of this cruise,
of the- relative values, inl detecting the
presence of sea ice, of thec SC--4 r;larl
a medium rance,'I' S 1I;ulI. search radar
used durline- the war as early w:lrnine~
against aircraft and havl~ine~ an im-
~r'oved atntennae ptedestal, and the SU-
raidar, a 3 centimeter XY 1ind1I, medium
power, surface sourIChI ra:dar tlh--igned'
for use on smaller vessels, having a
ii-in~ch AZ scope or indicator on which
a time sweep produces a, horizontal
rance~i scalle on which echo .-~llnal< ap-
pear as vertical de~fl:,etions, with ranges
from 8.1100C--I^~1(.000 YardS and .RO~ miles.
As the limited comp~lement of radarmen
available permitted only one type of
radarfl to bre mnanned at a1 time, no con-
clusive results were obtained as to the
maximum range at which a berg could
be detected by these two different types
of r~adars. It is believed. Ullnwever, that
the SC--4 can detect very large bergs at
the greater rn nlg.-,; that the SU can



detect medium or small bergs or
growlers at the greater range; that
growlers low in the water with rounded
tops are unlikely to be detected sooner
by radar than by visual means; that the.
shape of anly bergr or growler above the
water is a vital factor in detecting by
radar; that vertical faces of ice return
the greatest energy; and that, in gen-
eral, with all types of hergs or growlers,
the SU is somewhat superior.
The average maximum range of detec-
tion for 18 large bergs by the SU range
was 211,000r yards. The average maxi-
mum range obtained on 10 large berrs
by the SC--4 was 30,800 yards. The
SC-1, however, was usually not manned
during the initial search but was used
for Irnneing on the berg while departing
from it, due to the mast shadow effect
on the SUI in that operation. The SU
demonstrated a superiority over SO-4
in detection of fog banks and other
weather formations.

The Commandant has a~uthorized
deeper loading of Great Lakes tank
ships to speed up the movement of oil
essential for the production of steel.
The Great Lakes tank ships move fuel
oil which is used in open hearths, rolling
mills, or plants inl the steel industry
where steel is made for ships' plates
and shapes used in the construction and
reconversion of merchant vessels.
~Waiver~s will be issued, upon application,
to individual tank ships, depending upon
surveys taking into consideration the
vessel's st re~n2eth age, and other factors.
In no ease will permission be granted
to decrease freeboard of tank ships more
than 3jo inch per foot of summer draft.
Waivers will be issued under authority
of Public Law No. 27, Eightieth Con.
gress, which provides for the orderly
reconversion of the merchant marine
from wartime to peacetime operation.
No increase in draft will be granted to
tank barges.


At 1010 on Sunday, June 22, 19147,
thie oil tanker Mal'rkal.v which had just
taken aboard 2,940,000 gallons of butane
gasoline, exploded, burned, and par-
tially sank~ at berth 168, Shell Oil Co.
dock, Wilmington, Calif. F~ire was

spread to several shore installations.
Property damage was estimated at more
than 101 million dollars. There wcas loss
of life and injuries. The Commandant
designated a Board, under authority of
Title 46, Code of Fiederal Regulations,
Part 136i.105, to investigate the casualty.
The board consists of the following
members: Capt. John Trebes, USCG,
chairman ; Capt. ]Edward Stuart,
USCGR; and Commander Philip A.
Ovender, USCGR.
RCear Adm. FIrank S. Higbee, USCG
(Retired), now port warden of Los An-
geles, received several letters of com-
mendation for his supervision of fire
fighting and casualty work by the mu-
nicipality in connection with the S. 8.


As the first flood began reaching the
St. Louis area, crest ~figures were re-
duced to predictions that would not
cause major damage from St. Louis
south but before all of the flood waters
could be passed into the lower river,
heavy rains began throughout the States
of Nebraska, K~ansas, Iowa, northern
illissoluri, and western Illinois and, in
many instances, as high as 6 inches of
rain fell in a 24-hour period causing new
crests on already flooded tributaries
which, in most cases, exceeded those of
the previous 2 weeks. On June 20', Coast
Guard equipment, manned by Coast
Guard Auxiliary and Naval Reserve
units was dispatched to Des Moines and
Ottumwa, Iowa, to work in evacuation
of those cities for the second week. As
the crest moved into the main stem of
the 3Iis~isisippi conditions were further
aggravated by numerous flash floods on
all tributary, rivers of upper headwaters
of the Missouri River throughout west-
ern Iowa, Nebraska, the Dakotas, and
Kansas producing newr-record stages in
many cities to as far south as ~WaZverlyT,
1Mo. Both the Missouri and Mississippi
River crests were so tired as to reach
the confluence of the M~ississippi and
Missouri simultaneously, producing new-
record stages on the Mississippi from!
Cairo to Cap~e Giradeau.
Coast Guard task forces were estab-
lished at Quincy, Ill., Hlannibal, Louisi-
ana, Pleasant Hill, WVinfield, Elsberryr,
and St. Charles, Mo., on the Mississippi
River; St. Joseph and K~ansas City on.
the Missouri River and Oakville, Iowa,
on the Iowra RivPer. All Coast Guard



flood-relief gear, personnlel and mobile
equipment, :asist-ed by United States
Naval Rservce plels.rsonel, ('oast~ Gualrd
AIusiliarIly and commulnicatio n equip
me~nt from Newv (rlea;ns, p~la-nes from
Trm ;lii City, E~lizatbeth City, and San
Di~g~o alir stat-ions welre thlrowtn into. the
1100 figt. s conditions improved~c in
the upper reachels of the Des .1[ninow and lt
Iowa R~iver1s, the taiski forces 1'na:Iawl
were mlovedi to nlewly threatened areas
of Alton, East~ St'. Louis, Granite City,
Dup~o, WaterlooC) ('louto', anld Grand
Towler, Ill., to provide necessary means
of evacuation aIs newr all-time recor~ds
were establishedl in those ar~eas. Adtdi-
tional work was handled by Coast Guard
,facilitie-s due to ther Ilarge number of
levee fa~ilur~es inundatting areas which,
during previous floods, had not required
On July 3, 1947, Coast Guard task
forces were still actively orngaged~ in the
entire area of the main-steml 311-sim-ippi i
fromr Alton. to Ca~iro, Ill., where aIll-time-
record stages still existed.


A twin rotor, g~lider-helicopter lifeboat :
that can be launched almost vertically
from land or water is one of several pro-
posed rescue methods now under study
by the Coast Guard. While this new
type of lifeboat is only an idea at the
present time, Coast Guard engineers be-
lieve the project is entirely practical.
The amphibious powered glider would
be towed behind the search plane--re-
leased at the scene of the dlisaster-
landed vrertically--rotors jettisoned or
folded back and muaneuvered as a con-
ventional motorboat while picking up
A visualized design for this helicopter
lifeboat is a streamlined, sea-worthy
huli-l-dedignd to carry a crew of three
plus a high overloadc of survivors. Two
three-bladed rotors, disposed fore and
aft on the streamlined bull, each re-
volving in the opposite direction, it is
believed could overcome serious bal
ance problems--with a small, fixed hor-
izontal stabilizer in, the rear, assuring
longitudinal stability. A, 600 horse-
power aviation engine is proposed to
furnish power to the twin rotors as well
as the boat's propeller. The rotors
either are .to be jettisoned or stowed
away once the lifeboat is waterborne.
The helicopter lifeboat, as in the case

of fireo fijxedl w\in~ clider lifeboat, is in-
tendedit to be towedc into thle air by a
towirope, fa~stenedt to a spe-.-~i;dly deC-
"signedc tow r~ele;se Ilevel onl the forward
portion of the hull. Vairious methods
of tows may be (Imph1"..ved such aS aiir-
cr~aft, boat, andau:Lt~omlobile (theo latter
possible by temlpor~ary wheels installled
for use on landl-jettisoned1 whlen alir-
borne) with the takre-o.ff almost inune-
dliate in winds of mnoderalte force. Once
airborne and clear of "fl'rnuinl .off. ets")
it will be possible for the pilot to handle
the craft much like ant aFirplane. In?
buinellii-, the pilot ma:y come dlowTn with
"poower on," the tow still pullinlg; re-
leasing tow and mnenruvering withl en-
.uillu- operat-ing;: or releasinlg tow and
glidinlg down vertically to a landing.
In addition to the pilot, a copilot,
pharmacist's mate, ol~r medical officer
may be carried in the helicopter life-
boat so that after laldinlg the pilot may
have assistance in stowing or jettison-
ing the rotor blades, getting unconIscious
survivors aboard, and giving them im-
mediate medical attention.
One outcltanding~ feature of this pro-
posed helicopter lifeboat is that it would
be able to land vertically on3 all but the
very roughest of seas-seas that would
ordinarily smash a conventional fixed
wing craft as it came in for a Illlanine.
Compared to a fixed wing glider of the
same carrying capacity, the helicopter
lifeboat would be smaller, lighter, stall-
proof, less susceptible to air gusts, fly
at lower air speeds, land at lower
ground speeds anld in smaller spaces, as
well as being cheaper to construct. It is
expected that a reodlynamically the
helicopter glider lifeboat will behave
itself as a conventional helicopter with
respect to sinking speed, rotor RPMl's,
and minimum flying speed.
At plriewn lt, hull models of the fixed
wind glider lifeboat have been built and
towing tanki tests for resistance, takze-
off and Ilanding,. as well as wind tunnel
tests have been completed by the Stevens
Institute of Technology. The "Roto-
chute" (az rotor wing glider) has been
undergoing exhaustive field tests in. the
laboratories of General Electric at
Schenectady, N. Y., for the past several
years. These tests have demonstrated
the scientific soundness of the principles
involved and the workability of glider-
helicopter lifeboats for rescue pur-
poses. Further construction of full-
scale models has been suspended by the
Coast Guard until additional funds for
the project are made available.



The Clontinandant ,ii in a letter to the
Chlilf of hNav~al Opu~~trntion. dated July
10, 1947i, requested that the N~av~y iz-
mlediately a2ssumle all responsl~ilibilit for
aids to navi\iga~tionr at advance Navy
bases o~ut~side the continental limits of
thle Unlitedl States, which are not in-
cludedl in areas where the Coast Guard
aids to naicrtied in function is covered
by existing legishalilan or Excu~tivee or-
ders. The Coast Guard will, insofar as

responsibility for aids to unv~\ig~lion within
the following areas for which l'gi-nltion l
or Executive orders now exist:
(ac) Territory of Alaska.
(b) T'crrltory~3 of Hawaii.
.(C,) Mlidway Islands.
(dE) Guamn Island according to ar-
rangemnents wher'eby the N;1\y performs
work on at reimbursablle basis with oc-
casionlal inspe~~tct io by the Coast Guard.
If thle Conlst Guard continues loran in
the Western Pacific, it will, inSOfar as
practicable, assist in aids to navigation
work at Guam as a collateral duty to
loran logistics.
(c) Amnericaln Samoan Islands accord-
ing to present alr~l1:~rangement whereby the
Navyr per~form~s work on a reimubursable
basis with occasional inspections by the
Coast Guard.
(f) Cape Mala Light and Radiobea-
con, Ca~nal Zone.
(a) Guantatnamo Bay, Cuba.
(b) F'uer~to Rico and adjacent Amrer-
ican waters.
(c) Amlerican Vir~gin Islands.
(d) Cr~istoba~l Mole Radciobeacon,
Canal Zonle, according to present ar-
IlrangenIeI'I~nTs hereby Navy op~erates sta-
tion aInd Coast Guard provides equip-
mkent matintenance through periodic
(O) Thle Coast Guard will assist in
aids to navigation wo~rk at other ad-
vance Navy bases in Ci llrihheI area;. in-
sofar as practicable as a collateral duty
to r(gular~ Coast Guard functions in the
The above does not include loran.

Lt. Comdr.. Axel B. Axelsen (R), marine
inspection, Providence, R. I., to maa-
rine inspection, Milwarukree, Wis.

Lt. Comdrl. Almond L. Cunningham,
Bedloe to ,1ardt (temporary duty pend-
ing further as~siginnont).t
Lt. Comndr. Daniel C. Dic~kert (R), ma-
rine inspection, Long Beach, Calif., to
m1arine inlspection, New Orleans, La.
Lt. Comdr. Gustaf Hr. Erickson (R),
marine inspection, Long Beach, Calif.,
to marine inspee'clionl. H-ouston, Te~x.
Lt. Comdr. Elbert Glaze (R), marine
inspecr~tion.l Corpus Christi, Tex., to
marine inspection, New Orleans, La.
Lt. Comdr. Louis J. H-ughes (R), marine
inspection, Cleveland, Ohio, to marine
inspection, St. Louis, Mo.
Lt. Comcdr. Fired E. Morton (R), marine
inspec~tionl, Sav~annah, Ga., to marine
illslpelt iinn. Charleston, S. C.
Lt. Comldr. W~illiam E. Schweizer, ma-
rine inspection, Norfolk, Va., to ma-
rine inspection, C1rlevetlan Ohio.
Lt. Comdlr. Emil E. Stienback, marine
inspection, San Francisco, Calif., to
marine inspec~ltionl. Jacksonville, Fla.
L~t. Comdr. Rtobert W~ilcox, headquarters
to Naval Academy appliedd communi-
clations course, 11 months).
Lt. Comdrl. Newton W. Winberg (R),
marine inspection, L~ong Beachn, Calif.,
to marine in peltction.l Mobile, Ala.
Lt. Osksar Aune, Horw hew w~r to First
Coast Guard D~istrict Office.
Lt. Otto Bentz, marine inspection, Nor-
folk, Va., to marine inspection, Newm
Orleans, La.
Lt. John R. Cody, marine inspection,
Char~leston, S. C., to marine inspec-
tion, Savannah, Ga.
L~t. Jewp~lh L-. C. Cullen (R), marine in-
4sc-tioln. Jac~ksonville, Fila., to marine
inspection, Savannah, Ga.
L~t. Nathaniel L. EI~wa~rds, marine in-
spection, San Franui;cisco Calif., to ma-
rine inspection, Miami, Fla.
L~t. Otto Gaich, marine inspection, San
F'rancisco, Cailif., to marine inspec-
tion, Sav~annath, Ga.
Lt. John B. K~lapperich,~l marine inspec-
tion, San Francll(ison.l, Ca~lif., to marine
inspection, Mahllile,) Ala.
Lt. Charles H-. La nglois. marine in-
spection, Long Beatch, Calif., to mna-
rine inspections, Tampa1);. Fila.
Lt. Martin Lentz, JTr., marine inspection,
LnnyII Beach, Ca:lif., to marine in-
spection, Temps1:1 Fla~.
Lt. N~orman D). MaIcLellan, Depot, ~Woods
I-ole, Mu-<~., to Hornbeamn (CO).
lLt. Lars. A. Sa~nde, marine inspection,
I'rnv\ilenlce,~ RC. I., to marine inspec-
tion, New Orleans, La.
L~t. (jg) Woodlley T. Clark, Tw\\elfthl
Coast G~uard D~istrict office to colum-
bine (CO).




Lt. Omdntr. Alexanderl c S. Gassawaly (RZ),
1.hyiii; l dlisnb:1ity.
Lt. (`Indr1. Le(Ste'r L. LouliS, paulllinL 30)-
year rectirecm;ent.
T:I~l. Elec. R2obert JT. Collins, pht-\.i:.1

Bosn. FErankl- E. Holbrookr, paulling6 ;ly=*


Lt. (jg) John BJ. Wa~rle, effective Augustlz
11, 1947.


Lt. Comdr. HaIroldl J. Babbitt, As yer to

Lt. Comdrl. Oscar D. Weed, Jr., Xevenl-
teenth Const Guard District cil1.-.- to
air dletalchment, Annette Islandl,
Alaska~ (CO).
Lt. Comdr~. Adrian F. WTerner, Aicadlemy
to Magnolia (CO).
SLt. EngenoIll I. Brownn, Aitalanlts to Thtir-
teenth Coast Guard District office?
temporaryy duty pninglll~l further as-

Lt. Edwin C. Crosby, air station, Biloxi,
'Ei~. z{ areraf repatir and supply
Lt. O~tto Galichi, orders fromt marine in-
sptction1, San Firnlrnc-l .e. Callif., to mra-
rine inspections, Savannah, Ga.,
amended; to marine inspection, Port
Arthur, Tex.
Lt. August Kleisch, air facility, MaT~y-
port, Flat., to Eighth Coast Guard Dis-
trict air detachment.
Lt. James L_. Riggs, Eight~h Coast Guard
District air detachment to air station,
San Francisco, Calif.
Lt. Robert E. Rountree, Twelfth Coast
Guard District office to Illeadquar~lterss
merchantt marine technical division).
Lt. Wale\ L. Saunders, orders from
Du2ana e to Cou-sr~lipr canceled.
Lt. Frank C. Schmitz, Onzondagan to Pa-
Lt. Hen~ry C. White, air fac~ility, Mayl-
port, Fl~a., to air station, Salem, Mass.
Lt. (jg) Ludlow S. Bakrer, repair base,
Boston, Mass~~., to Merrimae Riv~er
Light and L~ifeboat Station, Newvbury-
port, Alass. (CO).
Lt. (jg) W~illiam R. Bankrs, Jackson to
Lt. (jg) Ailexandier Cameron, merchant
marine detail, Antwerp, Belgium, to
marine inspection, Portland, Maine.

Lt. (.i") Donalld A2. Calswe~ll, E~ighth
Coust Gualrd District office to Navrl
Acatdem~y (applied~ colnununicatiions
course, 1.1 monthss.
Lrt. (jgr) Williamr HI. Dahn (R), SIpeed~-
wcell to Ivy.
Lt. (jg) Ward'c R. E~linich. Twe-lfth Const
Gualrd D~istr~iet cllicve to I'llle'teenth
c'an---t Guard't District ..I,-,l~ (furlther
assignments tal~oa~t).
Lt. (jg) James~ C. H~ef'fernlan, Braml~ble
to Xassarfracs.
L~t. (jg) Allmer Ti. Hovlandl, marine in-
spe~ction, B~oston, lAlass.. to marine in~
section, Port Arth~ur, Tel.
Lt. (jg) Bernardt E. Kolkhorst, Tenthl
Coast Guardt District office to Sage-
L~t. (jg) Danvid R. Rtondestvedt, Speed-
well to Iry.
Lt. (jg") Har1lan E. Sterling, Depot,
Woods Hole, Mafss., to Lega~c.
Lt. (jgr) Davidl C. Walker, Ltccttgucnz to
Lt. (jg) WTilliam J. Zim-kl. Seventh Coast
Guard District office to Naval
Academy (;wrninlT1_d (eng~ineer~ling,~ 1-
year course).
Endenrr Allyn J. Hlinton, Operatingr base,
.\11I1nwa1;. Calif., to air station, San
Francisco, Calif.
EnianI Frank E. Parker, Mlohawk to
Colfna. .
Ensign Ludwvig K. Rubinsky, Opl'ratll"
base, Pier 9, TNew York, N. Yp., to Oa~.
Chief Boatswain Charles H. BaRrtlett,
marine in-pec(4tion.~ Norfolk, Va., to
marine inspection, New Orleans, La.
Chief Boatswain Addlison NT. O~rmsby,
marine inspection, Norfolk, Va., to
marine in ~II **fla-en~ N\ew Orlean1s, La.
Boattswain Fralnk Coberly, marine in-
spection, Portland, Oreg., to cllwra;ting
base, Seattle, Wash.
Boatswanin Rlobert J. .EarneiSt, marine
inspection, Seattle, Wash., to marine
InspDec~til-~. New Orleans, La.
Boatswain. Paul VT. S;trephensoncll, marine
inspecrt ion.. Ta'mpa, Fla., to marine in-
spection, Mob~lilr, Ala.
Chlie~f Mach~inist Wiarren. W. Foye, Jr.,
Thetis to Argo.
Chief Machinist George D). King, Speed-
wrell to Iv~y.
Chiief Mlachinist Duffy E. Raw8pls, marine
inspection, "IPhiladilphia7, Pa., to
marine inspect~io.n. Cincinnati, Ohio-
Chief Carpenter Theodore E. Stone,
marine insp~clct clon. Norfolk, Va., to
marine inspections, Galveston, Tex.



Lt. (jg) W~illiau ]R. Gill Atala~nts to
Th'lirt can t II Coast Guard District office
temporaryy duty spending further
assignment). t)
L~t. (jg) E~lrne~st H3. Goldman, Fiirst Coast
Guard District office to cowslip.
L~t. (jg) Kieith Jorgenson, Onondaga to
L~t. (jg) Thomas J. O'Brien, air facility,
Ma;yport, Fl]a., to air station, San
F~rancisco, Calif.
Lt.' (jgS) Riaymond G. Parks, Jr., loran
radio station, Battle Harbor, Labra-
dor, to Fiirst Coast Guard District
oliesc temporaryy duty pending fur-
ther assignment).
Lt. (jg) Paul R. Peakz, Tlhetis to A~rgo.
Lt. (.jg) Paul T. Ryan, loran radio sta-
tion, Naulo Point, L~uzon, Ph~ilippine
bla mis,1~ to Ninth Coast Guard Dis-
tr~ict office (for further assignment
L-t. (jg;) w7illiam E. Sale, air station,
Biloxi, M\iss., to air station, Port An-
geles, Wansh.
Lt. (jg) John WY. Somnmers, Nor~lantpat
to lorant radlio station, Battle Hafrbor,
Labradlor (CO).

Lt. (jg) Samuel E. Taylor, Olrondagorr to
Lt. (jg) M~tilton B3. WCilliams, Jr., air
f~c~ility, M~ayport, Fla., to air station,
San F'rancisco, Calif.
Ensign John P. Greathouse, air facility,
May'port, Fla., to air station, Miami,
I:~lsicl Thomas W. Poers, Atala/nts to
Thirteenth Coast Guard District office
(ttemporary;l'\ duty pending further
Boatswain. Milton C. Mason, Onlorndaga
to Mallow.
Boatswain Alfred E. Prhalen, Irepair
base, Boston, Mass., to Ninth Coast
Guard District office (pending further
Chief Ml~whlinist Alvie McCool, Rl dbudl
to opera'itingL base, Honolulu, T. H.
Chief Machinist William? L. Potter,
Fourteenth Coast Guard D~istrict
otlice to Gr~eshram.
Chief Ma;chiniZst Joseph Bulrlu-lIl. Ala
plants to Thirteenthl Coast Guard Dis-
trict office (temIporary duty pending
further assignment).


Lt. (jgS) John M. Dempsey, Jr., effective July 31, 1947.
Lt. (jg) Richard S. Lodge, effective August 18, a!ll.


(Approved by the President on June 23, 1947)


Name and present rank: Retired raInke
Nicholai Aintipoff~ (C. B. 1M.) _______---__--_- -- --- --- C. B. M.*
James D. Blizzard (Electrician)______-______ Electrician.
Wilfred C. Brocklehurst (Lieutenant) .________- Ltieutenant.*
Lloyd D). Corlies (Ch. Machuinist)______---_--__- Lt. (jg).
Mlichael J. Cummcings (C. C. M.) _-___-_-- --- ---- C. C. M.*
Jamnes W;I. Davis (Ch. Pay Clk.) --_________--_ Ch. Pay Clk.
Jalmes J. F~iinne-c'on (Ch. Mach-linli t)______-_---_ Lt. (jg).*
Joseph J. Guinther (C. MM.lIM)____________-- C. M\oMIM.*
Robert H. H-ackw-orth (Ch. Rad. Elee.) C----_----- (h. Rad. EIlec.
Richard Hewitt (Ch. Pay Clk.) -_----------- Lieutenan~t.*
Willie A. M\ooret (Mul~ch~ini;;t) -_,_--------- Machiinist.*
Ear~l L. Stewar;~ld (Ch. Mach.) _-------------- Lt. Comdtr.
Wallter O. Thomas (C. R.31.) --- --.__________ C. R. M\.*
WVilliam Hl. Whiting (C~h. Carp.) ___---------- Ch. Carp.*
Anthony M. Z~iblich (Captain) .____---_____ Captain.

*May be advanced on retired list to higher rank under Sec. 8a and 10, Public La~w 305.




Williamn L~. D~enn (Chl. C~arp.)_______-----_ _
Osm~tondJ C. Funllllkinghamll1 (Lt. C1omdr.) ___-______
Walter L. rI11unley (Lt. ('IImanI.) _- _____~____
Ra;1lph H-. Leekr (Lt. Com~dr~.) -_ __---_______
S~pener L. Mlille.4t (Shipl's Clk.) _---____.___
Truxton E. M~idgelt t (Ch. Bos'n) _- ___________
Floydi D. Overhaluser (Lieutenant) ____________
Jamues W. Wanlsh (Ch. Bos'n) -__. __________.
Lester L;. Louis (Lt. Comdr~. ) -_____________
W\illianil C. Gill (Lt. Camudr.) _-__- __________
Mariivini E. Gray (C. M. MI.) _______________

Lt. Conrdr.
Lt. Com~ldr.
Lt. Comudr.
Lt. C:ourd~r.
Lt. Coindr.
Lt. Coundr.
L~t. Comidr.
Lit. Conldr.
Lt. Coindr.


Frank E. Holbrook; (Bos'n) ---------------_Ch. Bos'n.


(A~pprov~ed by the President on June 2,3, 1947)


Name and present rankl: Retired rank
Andlrewr H. Abrahaml (Ch. Gulnner)_______ -___ Ch. Gunner.*
Lawrence W. Croteau (Lt. Comdr.)___________ Lt. Comldr.
James Pine (Rear Adlmiral) ------------- Rear Admuiral.
Eugene W. Ureneff (Bos'n) _________-__-__ Bos'n.*

*May be advanced on retired list to higher rank under See. Sa and 10, Public Law 305.


Commander Herman T. Diehl, trafinling
station, M~iayport, Fla., to First Coast
Guard District office (aids to naviga-
Lt. Comdr. Sidney K. Broussardt, mer-
chanlt marine detail, Bremerhaven,
Gcenannyn to mat-rine inspection, Cleve-
land, Ohio.
Lt. Comdr. Christopher H. ]Endresen
(R), recalled to active duty; to ma-
rine inspection, P'ortlarnd, Oreg.
Lt. Gustai E. erchant m~a-
rine detail, Mars~ileille France, to mer-
chant marine detail, Bremerhaven,
Lt. Wendelclll J. H-olbert (R), subcontrol
center, Mayport, Fla., to Aurora.
Lt. Joseph J. McrClelland, Jackcson to
headquarters (Officer Personnel Divi-
Lt. (jg) Riussell A. Banker, Seventeenth
Coast Guard District office to loran
radio station, St. Paul, Alaskra (CO).
Lt. (jg) Alexander Camerori, orders
from merchant marine detail, Ant-
werp, Belgium, to marine inspection,
Perflanld, Ma:inP, amended; to marine
inspe ction, Baltimore, Xld. (inve;Lithat-
ing unit).

Lt. (jg) Jam~es W. Carroll, Ma~lripose to
Tama uroa.
Lt. (jg) Austin F. HE-ubbazrd, orders fromr~
Iroquo2Cis to Wlinonarl canceled; from
engineering duxty Iroquois to line duty.
Lt. (jg) Curtis J. Kelly, naval air sta-
tion, Banana River, F'la. (training),
to air station, Elizabeth City, N. C.
Lt. (jg) Paul A. Lutz, ComnAirT~ant
(temporary duty) to eastern area
Lt. (.jg) George A. Miller, subcontrol
center, Maypull~rt, Florida, to Aucrora.
Lt. (jg) Robert T. Norris, ComAirLa3nt
(temporary duty) to western area
Lt. (jg) M/itchell A. Perry, naval air
station, Banana River, Fla. (train-
ing), to air station, Port Angeles,
Lt. (jg) LewPis C. Powell, subcontrol
center, 31nype~lrt, Fla., to Aurora.
Lt. (jg) Harlan E. Stc.lTrlnz, orders from
Cowslip to L~egare amended; to Gen-
eral: Grcene.
L~t. (jg) Joseph R. Steele, naval air sta-
tion, Banana Ri\cr. Fla. trainingii,
to air station, San Frantiiwo,~~o Calif.
Lt. (jg) E'llsworllth A. Winnette, Loran
radio stations. Bakati Ishndc, MakIin
Atoll, to Laurel.

1.- ------------



Boatswain John E. Keoughan, Fiour-
tt:enrth Coast Guard District office to

Chief Machinist H-ugh D. 01mstead, air
stantion, Biloxi, Mliss., to atir stations, .

Machlinist R~ockl J. Salves, air station,
Mlayport, Fin,, to air station, S.
Petersburg, Fla.

Lt. Paul V. Long.
Chief Br'oatswain George K. Martin.
Boatswain Marcus N. Cobb.


Capt. John E. F~airbanksL; Bibb to
Specncer (CO).
Comdrl. ]Earle G. Br'ooks, Owjasco to

Comcdr. Joseph A. Bresntan, NORLANT-
PAT to Ingham~r~ (XEO).
Comdr. Richa~rd C. Foutter, n l
Coast Guard District Office to Train-
ing Station, Groton, Connecticut.
Comdr. WVilliam P. Hlawley, Spencer to
headquarters (F'lan;ting~ Units Divi-
Comdlr. John J. H-utson, Jr., Ninth Coast
Gualrd District office to Nolrre l (CO).
Comdr. Oswald A. Littlefield, First
Coast Guard District office to North-
ern inspector's o~ffice.
Comdr. Searey J. Lowrey, Fifth Coast
Guard District office to Eleventh
Coast Guard District office (chief,
Personnel Division).
Comdtl. Simon R. Sands, Jr., NTORLANTT-
PAT'l to Ninth Coast Guard District
office (chief, Personnel D~ivision).
Lt. Comdr. Ora Doyle, depot, South.
Portland, Maine, to Laurel (CO).
Lt. Comdr. Christopher H. ]Endresen
(Ri), marine inspection, Portland'
Oreg., to marine inspection, San F'ran-
cisco, Calif.
Lt. Comdr. Charles Fi. K~aminzski (Rt),
merchant marine detail, London, Eng-
Jand, to marine inspection, H~ouston,
Lt. Comdr. Chester I. Steele, Fourth
Coast Guard District office to Jonqulil
(CO) .
Lt. Comdr. Russell R Wue~rschle, Fourth
Coast Guard D~istrict office to Ivy
Lt. Bernhard R. Henry, Fourth Coast
Guard D~istrict o.fficeto Gentc~lian.~ (XO)

DOCA 7' "


Lt. H-oyt J. Caple, merchant marine de-
tail, Calrdiff, W~alers, to marine inspec-
tion, Norfolk, Va.
Lt. John T. Cherry, Laurel to 1Yamacraw.
Lt. Herman Wb. Klots (R), merchant
marine detail, London, England, to
me~trel aint marine detail, Antwerp,
Lt. Paul A. Ortmean, Fiourth. Coast Guard
District office to Liilac (CO).
L~t. Loy W. A. Renshaw, WCinona to
Lt. (jg) Alvin J. Boxrwell, recruiting
station, Halzlceton, Pa., to Fifth ~Coast:
Guard D~istrict office (temporary duty
p~e'rlingF further assingmcent).
Lt. (jg) Douglas H. Clifton, Mlinnetcollka
to Warchus~etts.
Lt. (jg) Albert B. Ellerman, merchant
marine detail, Naples... Italy, to Per-
L~t. (jg) Marltin WT. Flesh, Bedloe to W7il-
Lt. (jg) Paul A. H-ansen, yard to WVi-
Lt. (jg) Robert J. LoForte, loran radio
stat~iln. Saipan Island, Manrianus, to
Lt. (jg) Carol L. Ma~sonl (R), WVoodbine

Lt. (jg) George A. Miller, Aur~orn to re-
pair base, St. George, Staten Island,
N. Y.
Ens1ignI William R. Chanldler, Bedloe to
Ens~iLYn Bruce C. Johnson, W~~oodbine to
Chief IMachinist Joseph Buchello, Tlhir-
teenth Coast Guard District office to
Redbu~d (EO).
Chief Ma;chlinisit Wtilliam L. Potter,
Greshamcnz to Gentian.
Chief Machinist John J. Duff'y, operat-
ing base, Alameda, Calif., to Bal;sam.

Gunner Charles L. Dickerson.
Machinist Edward Engel.


Lt. (jg) Raymond B. Starbuck, effective
August 11, 1947.
Ensign Morgan L. Dring, effective July
11, 1947.
Lt. Comdr. Jamets P. Stow, ellec~tive
September 1, 1947.
Lt. (jg) Rtobe~rt F`. Lutz, effective sep-
tember~ 13, 1947.

11111111 1111111I Ill I11 11II ll11111

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