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USDA'S REPORT OIT 4 SUMMERS ,,.
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE* OF INFO NATION WASHINGTON, D.C. 20250
March 1965 : .16 "
Food Talk for 1965. What about food prices this year? Not much
change say U. S. Department of Agriculture economists. Retail
Food prices are expected to be about the same as in 1964. Last
rear they rose lirrle more than one percent from the 1963 average.
Change in eating habits? Maybe not, but gains in per capital
consumptionn are expected for beef, poultry, and processed fruits
and vegetables. .Declines are expected for pork, lamb and dairy \
products. 3pend more? Expenditures for food are not expected to
rise as rapidly as incomes, so the percent of take-home-pay spent
for food will drop to around 18 percent -- an all time low.
-Jhere Does Your f'oney 3S? Ever stop to figure just what part of
,our food dollar goes for meat? What part for vegetables and
fruits? And what part for milk? U. S. Department of Agriculture ..
studies showed that a family of four on a moderate-cost food plan
I would spend $32.11 a week for their food needs. Of that, meat, ''
poultry fish, and eggs took the biggest share--$13, or about. 'i
40 percent. This buys some steaks, roasts, and ground beef as well
as pork chops, bacon, franks, luncheon meats, chicken and fish.
'Vegetables and fruit added the next biggest amount--$7.38, or 23
Percent. Milk, cheese, ice cream and other dairy products together
cost ';5.57. Flour, cereals, and baked goods came to $3.43.
Foods like margarine, butter, and salad dressings ran 89 cents. //
Sugar, marmalade or jellies and dessert mixes added 80 cents to the
bill. The rest--51.04--uas for coffee for adults and for some soft r ;- ;
drinks, seasonings, and the like. '-
Plentiful Foods for April. Timely for Lent and traditional for
Easter, eggs are particularly plentiful now and for weeks ahead.
Prices are at low levels and are expected to continue so through
the month. Eggs are high in protein and versatile in menu planning.
Calories? A large one contains 80. The Department of Agriculture
says prunes are also featured. Other plentifuls include broilers-
fryers, honey, canned pears, cabbage, onions, dried peas, carrots, and
canned pink salmon.
- 2 -
The Best in Eggs. Want the ultimate in egg freshness and quality? Look for
the USDA shields..."Fresh Fancy Quality" or "USDA Grade AA." These identifying
marks are printed on the carton or the sealing tape. The eggs meet the
highest standards of quality of the U. S. Department of Agriculture. "Fresh
Fancy" or "Grade AA" eggs are perfect for frying or poaching, since every egg
has a thick, high egg white and a firm, high yoke. To insure that the eggs
meet these rigid requirements, they are tested by the Federal-State Grading
Service under a Quality Control Program. Under the program eggs must be: 1.
Gathered frequently, 2. Cooled on the farm immediately after gathering, 3.
Maintained at ideal temperatures from farm to supermarket, and 4. Marketed
What The Grocery Tape Tells. Before you call the total you spend at the
supermarket your "food bill," take another look at that adding machine tape.
The U. S. Department of Agriculture notes that studies across the country
indicate such non-food items as paper towels and toilet articles, soaps and
cleansers, pet foods and cigarettes add an average of 20 percent to the total
spent in the store.
OLD WORLD NEW PRODUCT
WURLD Wheat Has More Vitamins. Niacin, choline, and minerals of original
wheat are almost completely retained in "bulgar"* made by a new low-cost
peeling process developed by the Department of Agriculture at its Western
utilization research laboratory in Albany, California. Called WURLD wheat,
the new product's name reflects its world-wide usefulness as well as the
initials of the laboratory at Albany. Analysis of WURLD wheat has shown
that it contains more than half of the thiamine, riboflavin, vitamin B-6,
pantothenic acid, and folic acid of the original wheat. The new peeled
wheat is comparable to whole wheat products and enriched white flour in its
content of major B vitamins.
Market News Keeps Food On The Move. Don't know whether you've ever considered
it -- but market news reporters of the U. S. Department of Agriculture and
cooperating States are some of the men behind the scenes who help to get
food and other agricultural products to the right places at the right time.
The Market News Service -- 50 years old this March -- tells farmers and
marketers about market developments when they occur, to help them decide when
and where to ship their products. This means less waste and expense in
getting the Nation's harvest to market...and it means a dependable supply
of the products you want when you go to the supermarket.
* Bulgur is cooked whole grain wheat, long a staple in the Middle East, and
now beginning to find flavor in the U. S.
- 3 -
Shoes For A Nation. Americans spend an average of $22 a year on leather
shoes and slippers; $7 a year more on leather goods. Leather is a five
billion dollar a year business. It takes 3 square feet of leather to shod
two feet. Where does your shoe dollar go? Here's an example worked out
by the U. S. Department of Agriculture economists: Take a pair of shoes
that retail for $9.95. The value of the raw leather is about 50 cents. By
the time the leather is tanned and gets to the factory the cost is $1.50.
Material for soles and linings cost about $1. Add $3 more for labor, profit,
overhead, and the manufacturer prices the shoes at $5.50. At the shoe store--
add $2 for salesmen and $2.45 for overhead and profit. The price to you--$9.95.
Fun Facilities For 2 1/2 Million. More than 2 1/2 million campers, hikers,
fishermen, swimmers, and boating enthusiasts are expected to take advantage of new
recreation areas being developed in 19 States through watershed projects approved
by the U. S. Department of Agriculture over the past 20 months. Such an influx
of people is expected to boost income in nearby areas, too. Local organizations
sponsor and carry out these watershed projects, with technical and financial help
from USDA. Want to know more about the USDA small watershed program? Write SERVICE,
Office of Information, U. S. Department of Agriculture, Washington, D. C., 20250.
SCIENCE AND YOU
Diets and Long Life. Overeating and your lifespan. Any relationship? Studies
with experimental animals show that overeating shortens their lifespan, the U. S.
Department of Agriculture reports. Laboratory rats that ate excessive amounts of
food and gained weight at a rapid rate died at an early age regardless of the
composition of the diet. USDA scientists are working on a series of long term
studies concerning the relationship of diet to body functions and the length of life.
Their experiments show that even when diets are nutritionally adequate, differences
in survival are found. Heredity also is a factor.
Man-eating Mosquitoes. To mosquitoes, men may be much more attractive than women,
say scientists at the Department of Agriculture. Scientists compared the extent
to which 50 women and 50 men attracted the yellow fever mosquito, in tests at
Gainesville, Florida. Scientists recorded how long each person was protected by
the chemical repellent deett," developed in Department of Agriculture research.
Deet is the main ingredient in many commercial insect repellents. Women treated
with the repellent were protected longer from mosquito attack--on the average--
than were men who had been treated. Persons in the test with high skin
temperature were more attractive to mosquitoes.
New England Leads In Brucellosis Fight. Connecticut recently became the fourth
New England State--and fifth in the Nation--to achieve freedom from brucellosis,
a costly livestock disease that can be transmitted to humans as undulant fever.
In the "good old days," undulant fever was one of the risks we had to take--along
with our unpasteurized milk. Today, however, undulant fever is a threat mainly
to people who work with infected cattle or hogs. Thanks to cooperative Federal,
State, and private efforts, livestock brucellosis is gradually being wiped out--
and with it, undulant fever. Last year only 400 cases of human infection were
reported, or about 1 case for each half-million population.
IIIIIIII ITYi i OF FLORIDA
3 1262 08740 0288
HOME AND FAMILY
Color-Coordinated Carpets and Soil Surveys. One of these days the American
housewife may not be too concerned when the children track mud onto her living
room carpet, say U.S. Department of Agriculture soil scientists. She may not
even notice the mud, for the carpeting may have the color of the predominant soil
in the area woven right into it. Carpet manufacturers have asked USDA soil
scientists to help in determining the general soil colors in different geographic
regions of the country, with the idea of incorporating these colors into carpet
patterns. This information is available in soil surveys made and published by
the Department. Although soil surveys are used primarily in determining the best
use, proper cultivation, and conservation measures for land, many others--in
addition to carpet makers--find them useful. They are used by planning officials
to locate sites for homes, schools, shopping centers, airports and industry.
Do Working Wives Pay? Expenses directly related to the working wife's job--such as
taxes, getting to and from work, and clothing, were estimated at between $900 to
$1,000 a year, according to a recent study in Ohio by the U. S. Department of
Agriculture. Gross earnings of 744 working homemakers averaged almost $2,900.
The wife's net income, after taking out her job-related and extra expenses,
amounted to about three-fifths of her gross earnings, on the average. This was so
when the household consisted of adults and/or older children. In a household
with preschool children, net income was about half of gross earnings. Seven
out of ten of the wives in the study pooled their income with their husband's.
Want more details? Send 25 cents to Superintendent of Documents, U. S. Government
Printing Office, Washington, D. C., 20402. Ask for "Job Related Expenditures
of Gainfully Employed Wives in Ohio, Home Economics Research Report No. 27."
College... A Look Ahead. What does it cost to go to college? There are as many
answers as there are students. But comparisons are possible, according to Paul
Vance, U. S. Office of Education, at a U. S. Department of Agriculture "Outlook
Conference." The median charges for tuition, fees, room and board for a typical
full-time undergraduate student at a public institution was $790 in 1963-64: $964
at universities, $749 at liberal arts colleges, $804 at teachers colleges, and
$678 at junior colleges. Corresponding charges for private institutions were:
all institutions, $1,399; universities, $2,048; liberal arts colleges, $1,493;
teachers colleges, $1,350, and junior colleges, $1,048. For a copy of the
talk, write to: Editor, SERVICE.
SERVICE is a monthly newsletter of consumer interest. It is designed for those
who report to the individual consumer, rather than for mass distribution. For
information about items in this issue, write, SERVICE, Office of Information,
U. S. Department of Agriculture, Washington, D. C. 20250
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