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USDA'S REPORT TO CONSUMERS
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE OFFICE OF INFORMATION WASHINGTON, D.C.
March 1970 No. 74
CELEBRATE NATIONAL LAWN AND GARDEN WEEK MARCH 20-26
Nostalgia You Can Eat. Maybe honeysuckle brings thoughts of
Springtime evenings...warm days and plans for the garden. All
still true, but we will soot have a new type of honeysuckle that
offers edible fruit as well as creamy-white blossoms. It's called
Sweetberry. The new many-branched, spreading shrub will be among
the new ornamentals to be shown during the Second National Lawn
and Garden Week opening in the patio of the U. S. Department of
Agriculture's Administration Building in Washington on March 20--
for the first day of Spring. This new honeysuckle is hardy for
cold winters. It was developed as an outdoor ornamental for the
midwestern plains--more hardy in Iowa wherer 0 *vyeloped)
than most other plants of this species. l.Sx yet
available from commercial nurseries sin ~ is still-
evaluated at Ames, Iowa. Vei0
NEW PLANTS TO BE SHOWN
Highlighting the Azaleas. The "Ben Mob azale in-
guished by its red centered blossoms with- 4 will
be among the new plants shown at the Second N' awn and
Garden Week opening March 20. Named for the first director of
the National Arboretum, B. Y. Morrison, this azalea is a hybrid
of Asian ancestry. It has been 20 years in development at the
U. S. Plant Introduction Station at Glenn Dale, Md. The mature
plant grows to a height of 3 feet and a spread of 4 feet. It is
a dense, twiggy evergreen shrub, with dull, medium green leaves.
4ith a cultural need similar to that of other azaleas, it is
normally grown as a specimen or border plant. It blooms in mid-
or late May. B. Y. Morrison was famed for his development of the
Glenn Dale azaleas. His work is commemorated in the Morrison
Garden at the National Arboretum.
r7 c fI c' ft / 1
WHAT'S NEW IN TEE TOMATO PATCH?
Add Zing to Your Salad. To many people, a salad without a trace of tomato
is not a salad. Thus, the quest for more and better tomatoes is usually
high on the consumer's shopping list. Two new, highly productive tomatoes,
with ripe fruit on the vines, will be exhibited during the 1970 National
Lawn and Garden Week in Washington. "Mars" the name of one of the tomato
varieties, is about 3 to 41 ounces in size, and oblate to round in shape.
Internally its color is excellent. "Mars" also stores well on the shelf
after harvest. "Parker" is an Italian or paste-type tomato, pear-shaped and
slightly smaller then the Roma tomato. Both tomatoes are considered early
fruiting varieties and may be harvested by machines -- a desirable feature
for farm growers.
MAGNOLIA TIME ALREADY?
Soon -- It Will Be. What's new in the garden? "Susan" is. This new hybrid
has red-purple colors that come into bloom during mid-or late April. This
magnolia at maturity will range from six to ten feet in height. It has an
erect growth habit and tends to be rounded or conical in shape. It flowers
later than one of its parents, and tends to escape damage by spring frosts.
And...Susan inherits some fragrance from its Magnolia stellata parent. Not
yet available to homeowners however, "Susan" was released from the U. S.
Department of Agriculture to cooperating arboreta and nurseries in 1968. It
will be on display at the National Lawn and Garden Week show in Washington
on March 20th.
NOW AVAILABLE TO HOMEOWNERS
New Creeping Euonymus -- "Longwood". It's hale and hardy. It spreads quickly
to make a good ground cover. It does not pile up as most other forms of ground
covers do. It is well adapted for shady or partially shady areas and it does
well as a cover on low masonry walls. That's the Longwood -- so named because
of the famous Longwood Gardens at Kennet Square, Pennsylvania, which have
cooperated with the Department of Agriculture over a period of years in plant
explorations, particularly to the Orient. This one has been developed from
Japanese introductions. It is a good ground cover because it reaches a height
of only two to four inches. Tt will be among the new horticultural displays
arranged for Lawn and Garden Week planned by the U. S. Department of Agricul-
ture in Washington.
RESEARCH DATA AVAILABLE
Facts on Food Service. About a quarter of the consumer's food dollar is spent
for food consumed away from home, according to the U. S. Department of Agricul-
ture's Research Service. Research on the cost of foods distributed through
the food service industry is a continuing program with ARS. Methods of oper-
ation for the food service industry, facilities and equipment all contribute
to the cost of food. Current information on many facets of the industry,
including personnel management, has been gathered by the Food Research Center
for Catholic Institutions. The study was sponsored jointly by the National
Restaurant Association and ARS. Single copies of the 138 page report are
available free from the Transportation and Facilities Research Division, ARS,
USDA, Federal Center Building, Hyattsville, Md. 20782. Ask for ARS Study 52-46.
NORTH TO ALASKA
Help for Newcomers. Winter darkness, extreme cold, and higher living costs
are special problems for newcomers to Alaska according to the USDA-State
Cooperative Extension Service. The Service in the Fairbanks area now pro-
vides an 8 week TV series to cover problems peculiar to living in Alaska.
It also does a weekly news column to explain such things as winterizing
houses and cars and driving on ice and snow. Extension homemaker clubs
help by sewing reflective tape on school children's parkas to make them
visible in winter darkness.
Let's Reclaim Trash? That's the latest from the U. S. Department of Agri-
culture's Forest Service. The agency reports that about half of city solid
waste is wood fiber. Much of this wood fiber can be reclaimed. It can be
combined with other pulp to make newsprint, coarse paper, some bond paper,
building materials, and even new products. Scientists at the Forest Products
Laboratory in Madison, Wis., are working on the problem of reclaiming wood
fiber from trash. They have already produced a 20 pound bond paper in which
30 per cent of the wood fibers were reclaimed from the Madison city dump.
Ultimately, three or four specific grades of pulp fibers may be recovered
from solid wastes. The project can mean an improved environment for us all -
less solid waste to dispose of; less air pollution from burning these wastes;
and fewer demands on forest trees to be used for pulpwood.
THINGS ARE LOOKING UPt
For Bigger and Better Eggs. Hens have every reason to cluck with pride
these days. Their eggs are getting bigger and better. Better strains of
chickens, better feed and better egg handling are all contributing to larger,
higher quality eggs for the consumer. For example, only 67 per cent of the
eggs delivered to West North Central Region packing plants in 1948 rated
Grade A or better. In recent years, nearly 90 per cent of the deliveries
made Grade A or better. It's a general trend across the country -- so that
consumers are getting better eggs for their money.
OUT OF RESEARCH
Whole-Milk Powder. Dairy Fresh, a new dry whole-milk powder developed by
USDA research engineers looks as if it may easily hold its own in the super-
market race. It's a beverage quality, dry whole-milk with a long shelf life.
In a recent supermarket test, just about everyone who bought and used the new
powder couldn't tell the difference between Dairy Fresh and fresh fluid milk.
More than three-fourths of the consumers who bought and used the new product
said they planned on buying more. Sold at a price slightly below equivalent
amounts of regular milk, the powdered product could open up new outlets for
milk -- for camping trips, resort homes and other special uses where milk is
hard to carry or keep.
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
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"MEAT AND POULTRY CLEAN FOR YOU"
Mrs. Clean. What do you know about sanitation guidelines? Do you know who
checks the facilities used by meat and poultry processors? The U. S. Depart-
ment of Agriculture's Consumer and Marketing Service sets up regulations and
offers guidelines for the facilities used by processors under Federal Inspec-
tion. You, as a consumer, must also carry sanitary practices into your own
kitchen though -- in order to make the job complete. Answers to questions on
Federal inspection, plus tips to help you keep products clean and wholesome
are included in the booklet "Meat and Poultry Clean for You" (G-173). Single
copies are available free by writing to the Office of Information, U. S.
Department of Agriculture, Washington, D. C. 20250.
CLUB PROGRAM CHAIRMEN
Motion Picture Available. Designed for "arm chair" travelers who cannot join
the multitude of tourists visiting our Nation's garden showplace each year,
The National Arboretum (16 mm, color, 13 min.), will be a popular film this
spring. The film includes a sequence taken in the Far East showing a USDA
scientist collecting plants for developing new ornamentals to enhance the
American scene. The film shows a sharp contrast between the Nation's Capital
and the serene and beautiful gardens throughout the four seasons. Vivid
colors of thousands of azaleas, rhododendrons and other blooms are pictured
at the height of their season. Available on loan from land-grant university
film libraries; the film may also be purchased by writing to the Motion
Picture Service, Office of Information, U. S. Department of Agriculture,
Washington, D. C. 20250.
"New Guidelines for the Well-Landscaped Home". Sound. Color. 16mm. Thinking
of re-landscaping your home? Maybe just having a few professional ideas will
activate your interest in the landscaping of your property? By the use of live
action and animation the film offers guidelines for successful landscape,
various uses for trees, shrubs and flowers. Each step of proper landscaping
is explained and elaborated for the viewers to study and perhaps copy. Sev-
eral ideas for relating other materials into the landscape plan are also in-
cluded in the 14 minute presentation. For loan or purchase information write
to the Motion Picture Service, Office of Information, U. S. Department of
Agriculture, Washington, D. C. 20250.
SERVICE is a monthly newsletter of consumer interest. It is designed for
those who report to the individual consumer rather than for mass distribution.
For information about items in this issue, write: Shirley E. Wagener, Editor
of SERVICE, U. S. Department of Agriculture, Office of Information, Washington,
D. C. 20250. Please include your zipcode.
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