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USDA'S REPORT TO CONSUMERS
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE OFFICE OF INFORMATION WASHINGTON, D.C. 20250
February 1970 No. 73
riME TO THINK...OF SPRING
National Lawn and Garden Week 1970. Just look ahead a bit and
,ou'll find March 20th on your calendar. Circle it...color it
green...it's the first day of spring. It also marks the beginning
of the second annual observance of National Lawn and Garden Week.
Plans are afoot for announcements and proclamations for encouraging
everyone to participate in lawn and garden activities. Join the
rest of us...for the whole of spring 1970...ninety days of working
Faith the "Growing With America" theme. Plan to Grow in March, Plant
for Proper Growth in April and Pick a Growing Project in May are the
three phases of the program. A limited number of copies of the
>ooklet "How to Participate" are available free to committee chair-
nen of chambers of commerce, garden clubs, and other civic associa-
tions, on postcard request. Write to the Special Reports Division,
office of Information, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Washington,
D.C. 20250. Please include your zipcode.
47TH NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL OUTLOOK CONFERENCE F
Last Call For the Conference. Agricultural mists, s i'..,
extension people, home economists, and repr atives bu .ss
ill attend the Outlook Conference set for g| 16-19 at the .S.
Department of Agriculture in Washington. P c s for 19 ,'ill
be the main focus of the conference. Also c discussed 'be
the implications of national policies on foo ui rition,,- ro-
tecting the environment. Materials from the c r
obtained through Press Service, Office of Inform Depart-
ment of Agriculture, Washington, D.C. 20250.
LESS AND LESS LAND
More People But Less Open Space. Projections for more consumers in
the years to come brings up the problem of more people with less
land to share, according to U.S. Department of Agriculture economists.
In highly urbanized regions--like the Northeast and parts of the
Pacific Coast--high land and labor costs make farm profits harder
to come by. And the land is in strong demand for homes, roads and
outdoor recreation. There's no threat to the food supply but game
refuges and outdoor recreation areas--if not set aside soon--may
become a part of the past.
THE BIG THREE "B"s
Vitamin Value Data. More than 700 different foods and food forms have been
evaluated by the U.S.D.A.'s Agricultural Research Service to provide values for
three important B vitamins--pantothenic acid, vitamin B6 and vitamin B12. All
vitamins play an important part in the body's metabolic processes, but these
three B vitamins are especially important to central nervous system activity.
This information would be especially useful to physicians, dieticians, and
others who must formulate or oversee special diets. The report "Pantothenic
Acid, Vitamin B6 and Vitamin B12 in Foods" (Home Economics Research Report
No. 36) may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government
Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402. The price is 55 cents.
ANSWER TO PESTY PREDICAMENTS
Do You Know About The "Painted Daisy"? Householders who're bugged by insect
invasions have a choice of 10,000 concoctions to kill the pests, according to
the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Among the "safer" ingredients is pyrethrum--
extract of daisies. Pyrethrum is low in toxicity to man and animals. It doesn't
taint or damage growing food crops. Insects don't build up a resistance to it--
it leaves no residue. With the increased emphasis on environmental hazards, and
the development of synthetic pyrethrums on the market, the prospect is that more
of this "natural" insecticide will be used in place of its more toxic competitors--
or in combination with. The pyrethrum daisy--often known as the "painted daisy"
grows almost everywhere. However it develops its bug killing pyrethrins in
effective quantity and quality only when its grown in highlands near the equator.
Even then, it takes 80 pounds of dried flowers to produce a pound of insecticidal
Oh, So New. An azalea so new that it has not been named yet will be shown at the
Second National Lawn and Garden Week opening March 20 at the U.S. Department of
Agriculture in Washington, D.C. This plant was developed from azaleas intro-
duced from Japan. It grows to a height of 3 feet and a width of 3 feet and
is a twiggy, compact shrub. It has the highly popular yellowish-orange blossoms,
which come on in mid- to late May. The oblong-oval to elliptical medium green
leaves fall off in the winter. It is happy in partial shade or full sun. How-
ever...it is not yet available from commercial nurseries as it is still being
evaluated at the U.S. Plant Introduction Station at Glenn Dale, Md. And...it
must be given a name before it makes an official debut.
IN YOUR SHOPPING CART
Pick the Plentifuls. Vitamin C is abundant in grapefruits, oranges and orange
products and that's what you'll find on the plentiful food lists for February.
During the winter months the needs for vitamin C are greater than any other time
according to USDA nutritionists. Canned tomatoes, tomato products, broiler-
fryers, canned and frozen sweet corn, and potatoes will also be featured items
in your stores. Apple production this year is the largest since the 1930's--
production in the Western States is up 41 percent. Plentifuls for March will be
peanuts, peanut products, canned tomatoes and tomato products. Also to be listed
are: canned and frozen sweet corn, canned pears, broiler-fryers and rice.
- 3 -
EVER TRIED KIWI FRUIT?
Sure Sounds Good. An ornamental Chinese gooseberry, commonly known as Kiwi
fruit, will be one of the new plants shown at the Second National Lawn and
Garden Week, opening March 20 in the patio of the U.S. Department of Agriculture.
People who have tasted the fruit say that it is delicious for eating out-of-hand,
in salads, preserves, and ice cream. Both the fruit--the size of a hen's egg--
and the climbing vine will be shown. The fruit has bright green flesh, small
soft black seeds, and light brown skin. The leaves of the plant are bright
green and velvety. The plant originated in China and this variety has been 20
years in development at the U.S. Plant Introduction Station at Chico, Calif.
So far, it has been grown successfully only on the West Coast because it re-
quires long, hot summers. Further information on this ornamental may be ob-
tained by writing directly to R. L. Smith, U.S. Plant Introduction Station,
Box 1040, Chico, California 95926.
IT'S THE THROWAWAY YEAR--
Once It Was a Dream. Milady has often dreamed of buying a party dress, wearing
it once and chucking it away. Time was that this was too costly to consider.
Now, this is possible.- Nonwoven disposable fabrics are gaining strength in the
market place according to economists at the U.S. Department of Agriculture. A
party dress--a bridal gown--or a mortarboard--use it, enjoy it, throw it away.
Nonwoven fabrics are constructed directly from fiber--a web or mat of fibers
held together by a bonding material or bonding process. Bonded fiber fabrics
make up about 9.4 percent of total nonwoven production. Cotton fibers are
especially suited for products made for disposable sanitary and medical purposes
which is considered the fastest growing market for disposables today.
MORE AND MORE CONSUMERS
Where to Live? If our population grows by an additional 100 million over the
next 30 years and most of this increase ends up in the cities, they will add to
the almost overwhelming problems that already exist there. The Rural Affairs
Council, recently created by the President, is concerned with encouraging new
jobs in the towns and small cities of Rural America, training the people to fill
these jobs and improving general living conditions.
THE PESTICIDE STORY
DDT Banned for Home and Garden. DDT--once regarded as the "miracle" insecticide
of the modern era--may be on its way out as a dependable helpmate for the house-
wife, homeowner, and gardener. The U.S. Department of Agriculture recently
cancelled federal DDT registrations accounting for 35 percent of the total DDT
used nationally--including all home and garden uses of this popular pest control
compound. The action was prompted by mounting scientific evidence of possible
hazards to wildlife and contamination of the environment resulting from wide-
spread use of DDT and its ability to persist or retain its toxicity for many
years after application. The Department acted with the knowledge that many
insects have developed resistance to DDT and also that there are many effective
alternative pesticides on the market readily available for home and garden use.
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
4 3 1262 08740 0817
SUBTERRANEAN TERMITES H&G Bulletin No. 64
What about Termites? Are they really a big problem today? You bet they are.
Flight of termites occur most frequently after the first warm days of spring,
often following a warm rain. In warm parts of the country they may occur any
time during the spring or summer. And in heated basements they may even occur
in the winter. Worried. You might well be. Today the termite problem is aggra-
vated by the fact that much of the lumber on the market is from young, second-
growth trees which contain large amounts of sapwood. Deficiencies in building
design and construction favorable to termites also increases the dangers of in-
festations. This new bulletin written by U.S. Department of Agriculture specialists
of the Forest Service is available from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Govern-
ment Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402 for 20 cents.
HOW TO BUY LAWN SEED, H&G Bulletin No. 169
What's Your Lawn For? First make your decision on that and you'll know which
type of seed to buy after checking the new booklet on buying lawn seed published
by the U.S. Department of Agriculture. If you plan to use your lawn as a "show-
case" to frame your home you need one kind; if you want just a green ground-
cover you need another. Of course, you must be guided also by the limitations
of your area--do you have sun or shade in your yard? How much time and expense
are youwilling to put into lawn care? And which kinds of grass grow well in
your section of the country. Follow the label on your package of lawn seed
because unless you do you'll be in trouble. Remember too that "bargain" seeds
may actually be expensive--imagine after all your work and labor you produce
a coarse, ugly lawn. This new booklet is available from the Superintendent of
Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402. Price 10
MONEY SAVING MAPIDISHES, H&G Bulletin No. 43
Trying to Stretch the Food Budget? This is your book, ,Long on the U.S. Depart-
ment of Agriculture's publication list,' "Money-Saving Main Dishes" has been up-
dated for present day homemakers .*fighting thie battle of inflation. More than
150 recipes are included in the revised publication. According to USDA's Home
Economists, the average family spends well over a third of each food dollar for
foods commonly used in main dishes. For t his. money the family gets half of its
daily protein supply. Suggestions fo0Tel -balanced meals also include easy-to-
follow directions for preparing the foods. Copies o' the revised edition of
"Money Saving Main Dishes" are available for 30 cents each from the Superinten-
dent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402.
Please include your zipcode.
SERVICE is a monthly newsletter of consumer interest. It is designed for
those who report to the individual consumer rather than for mass distribution.
For information about items in this issue, write: Shirley E. Wagener, Editor
of SERVICE, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Office of Information, Washington,
D.C. 20250. Please include your zipcode.
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