Warner Arundell. The Adventures of a Creole ( Volumes 1-3 )

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Warner Arundell. The Adventures of a Creole ( Volumes 1-3 )
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3 v. : ;
Joseph, Edward Lanzer
Saunders & Otley
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Social life and customs -- West Indies   ( lcsh )
Description and travel -- West Indies   ( lcsh )
Social life and customs -- Venezuela   ( lcsh )
Social life and customs -- London (England) -- 19th century   ( lcsh )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
individual biography   ( marcgt )


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" ... it is taken from a very voluminous manuscript, which partakes of the mixed nature of memoirs, a journal, an autobiography, and a collection of letters and essays. These bore, in their title-page the following inscription : "The life, adventures, and opinions, of Warner Arundell, Esquire"--Editor's Introd.
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edited and compiled by E.L. Joseph.

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University of Florida
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LONDON: PalNTD BY J.A.llU MOYal, C.AHL eTaaT, L&ICNT&ll llQl!.t.llL




TO THE RIGHT HONORABLE LORD BARON GLENELG, HD 11.USSTT'S PIUMCIPAL SSCUTARY OJ' STATS FOR TBS COLONlU. MY LORD, SeooLD your Lordship condeacend to honor these Volumee with a perusal, their Author flatten himaelf they will direct your attention to many ab118e8 in our West Indian Colonial System, which call loudly for correction. The hope of bringing eome of them under your notice, haa induced me to take the liberty of iDICribing this Work to your Lordahip. I have the honor to be, MY LoBD, Your Lordship's humble Se"ant, Poar or Sr,u, Ta11u10.1a, 20, 11117. EDWARD L. JOSEPH.


INTRODUCTION. Puv1ovsLY to submitting the following nar rative to the reader, it is necessary to inform bitn that it is taken from a very voluminous manuscript, which partakes of the mixed nature of memoirs, a journal, an autobio graphy, and a collection of letters and These bore, in their title-page, the following inscription : The Life, Ad ventures, and Opinions, of W amer Arundell, Esquire." The Editor of these volumes thinks it his duty to inform the Public under what circumstances he came into possession of these papers of Mr. Arundell. In giving this information, he prefers speaking of himself in the first person singular, rather


viii INTRODUCTION. than assuming the right of Editors and Kings,-viz. to talk of themselves in the plural number. Amongst a thousand and one literary projects which I had formed, one was to write a history of the war of the independ ence of Columbia, Mexico, Peru, Chili, and Buenos Ayres. When I designed this Work, I considered more what ought to be done than what I was able to accomplish. The paucity of materials for compiling a good account of this most momentous occur rence, renders it necessary for him who would undertake to become the historian of this important revolution, to visit all the principal cities on the great South American continent ; in order to inspect such few scat tered records as were preserved during this most sanguinary civil war, and to consult with all the surviving chiefs who figured in the contest, w hetber living in the New World or in Europe. To do this required leisure


INTllODUCTIO!I. ix and a fortune, neither of which I possessed. Hence, I was obliged to abandon my profor the present, probably for ever. During my variolis and generally fruit less attempts to obtain materials for my projected history, a friend suggested that., as Mr. Warner Arundell had spent some years on the Main, during a most interest ing period of the wars of Columbia, he might be able to give me some infonna tion on the subject ; especially as it was known that Mr. Arundell had of late com menced journalising. My acquaintance with the Gentleman who is the hero of these volumes, com menced twenty years since. I first met him in London, in the house of Don Louis Mendez. After this, I became his companion during a remarkable voyage across the Atlantic, recorded in the second volume of this Work. We separated on our


x INTRODUCTION. ai:"val in Trinidad, and did not meet again for some years : subsequently we both were residents of this colony; but, living far from each other, we seldom met. During this residence of Mr. Arundell in Trinidad, he was the suhject of a most disgraceful persecution. He left the island, hut retunied in a few months, possessed of a very large fortune, and here married a most amiable and lovely Spanish creole. But, notwithstanding our old acquaint ance, I applied to him for the information I required with some reluctance; for, al though I was one of those who refused to join in the frantic and disgraceful hue-and cry against him, yet fortune had placed us in very different situations. He was in the possession of great wealth ; I, after many years' residence here, was in an humble situation. But I still took the resolution of waiting on him. I sent my name to him : he came to me. The instant I beheld him,


INT&ODUCTJOK, xi I perceived I had wronged him by my diffi dence. He did not receive me as some rich men meet an old acquaintance, who has been subject to harsh treatment from fortune. No; he took iny hand as that of an old friend, who had dared to defend him when he was assailed by calumny. In Mr. Warner Arundell I perceived a man who had been proud in adversity, un bending when suffering under persecution, but affable and amiable in prosperity ; one who endeavoured to forget injuries, and sincerely forgave insults, although he pos sessed the memory of the heart," as gra titude has been beautifully denominated. On makiog him acquainted with the cause of my visit, he immediately offered to put me in possession of that part of his journal which related to his adventures in patriot and he informed me, that, by looking through his papers, amongst a l?ad of dross I might find some ore, from


xii which useful metal might be extracted. He, however, added," I fear you will not have the phlegm to inspect all my papers." Never doubt that," was my reply; I have had perseverance to read through the whole of Abbe Raynal's historical romance." That," said my friend, was rather a trial on your credulity than on your pa tience : my voluminous manuscripts will put your application to a much severer test." On my persisting to request that he would allow me to read his manuscripts,, he took from a chest a mass of papers of truly alarming bulk and weight. They consisted of thirteen /1mulred and seventyeigl1t sheets of foollcap, closely written; to compile which, he had employed the leisure time of some years. Lest the reader should wonder what


m'nODUCTJOlC. xiii there was in the life of this worthy Gentle man that required so much time and paper to record its incidents and reflections, I must explain, that he possessed a most powerful memory. Every thing be had seen, read, or thought, he seemed to recollect, when compiling his voluminous manuscripts. For example, he opens his journal with an account of the first settle ment of his fimu1y in the West Indies. This indnces him to give a history of the Bncaniers, and an immense number of anecdotes of all the old families in the West Indies ; with a vast variety of traditional stories, which relate to the Arundells, and the delcendants of Sir Thomas W amer, the first English governor of St. Christo pher's, who was his maternal ancestot'. In the part of the narrative which I have abridged into the first short chapter of the first volume, takes up so much space in his manuscripts, that, if it were printed


xiv INTRODUCTION. oerbatim; .it would be equal in length to the whole of that volume. In the progress of his Work he gives the whole history of the two Maroon wars in Jamaica; an ._ccount of the rise, pra gress, and termination of the iD. the West Indies consequent on the revolution : he carefully transcribes every letter that he ever received or wrote, and all remarkable conversations that he ewr heard : be gives his thoughts on a vast va riety of St1bjects, and relieves the narrative with all kinds of essays on various matt.ere which came within the scope of his observa tion ; such as, on the mode of education in Caraccas ; on militia training ; on naval and military affairs ; on medical in London ; on the practice of physic in the West Indies, &c. In short, his voluminous journal embraces a number of treatiaefs; which, however unfit they may be to pUbliah in an autobiography, I may one day print,


INTRODUCTION. :xv under the title of the' Arundell Papers-;' aa this Gentleman has given up his Work to me for my own advantage. But I anticipate. I kept the papers of l\lr. Anmdell until I abandoned all idea of writing my projected history. I then re.. turned them. At the same time I informed the worthy autobiographer, that, if he would take the trouble of extracting from his MSS. that which might not be improperly denominated the personal narrative, it would fonil a moral, and, I believed, a not unin teresting production. Have you," said he,, '' any inclioatiOft to make the abridgement yourself? it will be an easier task than to write history, and, during the present age of light reading, a more direct road to fame." I at first declined this proposition, saying that he might get others to do more jostice to his papers. To this he that I was the only person he had met with in the


xvi INTRODUCTION. colonies who shewed a disposition to pur sue literature as a profession ; and that, if he sent his manuscript to England, its bulk would frighten any Publisher or Editor. Perhaps a few scattered essays might find their way into the periodicals of the day, or a few stories would be trimmed and dressed up by literary caterers for the monthly appetites of readers of magazines; these same purveyors being so utterly ignorant of West India manners, feeling, and even climate, that the most egregious blunders would be introduced into every paragraph. In short, Mr. Arundell pTe vailed on me to undertake the task which I had suggested to him. I really believe that his motive for urging me to become the Editor of bis pro. duction was, that he hoped its publication would be productive of profit to me. This, with a delicacy of feeling which has always characterised him, he never mentioned.


JNTBODUCTJO!M. One condition alone he attached to the leave he gave me to publish a part of his journal : it was, that whenever I wrote of living per sons, or of those recently dead, I should, instead of real. use fictitious names or initials. The above statement will account, if not apologise, for many defects in this prodoc tion. When the reader observes some parts of these volumes too much abridged, and others too much extended, he will please to take into consideration the diffl cu.lty one has to encounter who attempts to condense into three small volumes the sub stance of a manuscript closely written on more than three re81DS of foolscap. Amongst the many errors in this Work, I throw myself on the mercy of the reader for one class in particular. Mr. Arundell's papers are full of those peculiarities of Ian guage which may not improperly be called creolisms.' My wish has been to expunge


xviii llllTRODUC'l10N. these, and substitute English words; or, if the story required the creole words to be retained, I have endeavoured to explain them. either in the text or by notes. Bot, having myself resided for nearly twenty years in the colonies, it is very probable that I have unwittingly copied into these volumes many expressions which will be scarcely understood on the other side of the Atlantic, without having given the neces sary information. For this I entreat the indulgence of the liberal. It is difficult to live many years in a country without con tracting some of the peculiarities of its dialect or idiom. I have now a few words to address, not to the Englisll Public in general, but to my fellow Colonists in particular. Not having used the real name of a single person now alive in these islands, should any one on this side of the Atlantic perceive, amongst the numerous pen-and-ink sketches con-.


xix tained in this Work; any delineation which should strike him as having an ugly resemblance to himself: let him not make me accountable for caricaturing him. All I have done has been to select a few out of many of Mr. Arundell's sketches, reduce them to a moderate size, erase the names they bore, substitute other appellations, and fit them for their frames. After this declaration, I hope no one will give himself the unnece1&&ry trouble of calling on me for 1atufaction for any re marks contained in the following pages : for, although I was once silly enough to make a voyage to Lospatos, to give a young Gentleman, as the term goes, 1ati1-faction,-that is to say, to stand up while be twice fired at me,-1 have, thank Hea A amall ialand, situated in the Gulf of Paria, between Trinidad and t.he Main, "here duela used frequently to take place. See the 7th chapter of the eeCond volame of thi.I Work.


xx INTRODUCTION. ven, lived to see the folly and wickedness of fighting duels to satisfy the caprice of any one. I have now reached the age of forty ; a time of life when a man's fighting days, as well as his dancing days, ought to be over unless be be a soldier or a dancing-master.


WARNER ARUNDELL: THE ADVENTURES OF A CREOLE. CHAPTER I. "Dayao' luig '1118. "-Boa111. I deecended from one of the moat ancient English families known in the West Indies. The "Arondells" came to the New World when it was poueseed by the Spaniards es.elusively. The aboriginal Indians were nearly es.terminated ; the few of them that remained were powerleee ; and alt Europeans were prohibited by the subjects of the crown of Spain from settling either in theee islands or on the neighbouring continent : nor were they even permitted freely to navigate these VOi.. J. B


2 WARNER A.RUNDBLL: When the Arundells first made their precari ous lodgment in this part of the globe, they came with a few hardy adventurers, their own country men. These met and joined with some Normans and Dutch ; and all together essayed to establish a settlement in the island or St. Christopher. The plantations of these people having been de stroyed by the tyrannical Spaniards, the oppressed planters revenged themselves by slaughtering the cattle of the St. Domingo colonists, and by man ning small vessels, and retaliating, as free booters, the cruelties of the Iberians, who to those wild bands the names of Picaroons," and Bucaniers." One or the earliest, and not the least valiant, of the freebooters Christopher Arundell by name-was the progenitor of the author of these memoirs. This rover, under the assumed name ef Hurrican, or Harrigan, carried terror amongtt the Spaniards, not only in the Atlantic, but also in the Pacific Ocean, until the appellation of the latter became a misnomer. At length, having amassed an immense fortune, under what may properly be called hie nom de guerrt, be settled in Antigua, married, and had his real name introduced into his mar Freebooter; hence the French Creole term ofjii61U1in',


TBB A.DVBNTll'BBS OP A CR.BOLE. 3 riage contract. This was in accordance with the cuatom of bucaniers ; hence, formerly, in the West Indies, the following eentenee was pro Yerbial, A man's name is never koown until be marries." The Testigee of this custom may ltill be traced amongst the French creoles, who, in ordinary aft'airs, are called by, and even tign, one name, and yet, on solemn occasions, subscribe another. When, in 1713, the inhabitante of Antigua killed the tyrannical and iofamoua Governor Park, a deeeendant of this Arundell, who was my great grandfather, was foremott in executing this decree of summary justice. My father'e name was Henry Bearwell Arun dell. He, like bis anceeton, was what in the West India islands is called an .Amigor&ian; and lest the mere English reader should not comprehead thie Greek..toned word, I must ezplain it to mean a native of Antigna, in which island my father poueued considerable property, titles, and hoDOUJ"8. For enmple, he was in the commiaion both of the peace and of war ; being an uaietant jadge, a brigadier-general of militia, a coroaer, and a member of the House of Aaeembly. Many anecdotes I have beard of him in all those capa cities : two or three I will relate, as tbe7 ae"e to


4 W.ARNBR ARUl!fDBLL: illustrate the manners of the colonists in those days. When his majesty, at that time Prince Wil liam Henry, visited Antigua, preparations were made by the militia in order that bis royal highness might see with how few blunders it could go through Dondas's eighteen man

TBB .ADTB1'TUBB8 OP A CBBOLB. 5 eztre. wants of the aable warriors; so, march iog them down to hia etore (warehouse) in St. John'1, he caueed the whole regiment to screw their splay feet into shoee with which he gratuit ooSiy supplied them. Most of these people having Gxinea feet (i.e. great toes which stood oot at right angles from the foot), felt pain at having them cramped with the work of the coni wairier; but they, notwithstanding, gave three cheers to the generous Brigadier Arundell, beeause they knew that shoes would give them eol'D8, which might prove neeCul vouchers that they were of free condition. Thia requires explanation. During former wan, when any merchant vessels were captured in those seas, there were often found on board many black and coloured persons. If amongst them any appeared who had corns on their feet, they were deemed free, and treated as prisoners of war: such as unfortunately were destitute of coros, were naturally supposed never to have worn shoes, as shoes were not allowed to be worn in those islands by slaves. Brgo, said the alt-water logicians, those who are without corns can't be free; and, accordingly, those who had no COl'D8 were sold in the first friendly or neutral islands as slaves, for the benefit of the captors. 1 have explained this, because I conceived that -


.. 6 'W .ARNBB ARUMDBLL : no European reader ever before beud of the advantages of corns. On another occasion, two militia officers, one a _Major Morgan, and the other a Captain Hazell, had a dispute. The major told the captain that he had a dash of the tar-brush on bis skin ;" that is, his race was tainted by having a slight admix ture of African blood in it. This was at that time considered a more infamous reproach ihan to have said that the father of the captain was hanged ; for a man to have in his escutcheon a bend sinister in the form of a gibbet, was a trifte compared to his having on his skin the stain of the tar-brush." A challenge was the conse quence of this affront. The parties went out; and the captain vindicated the purity of his blood by shedding the heart's blood of his opponent. The parties met at Green's Bay, and fired at sis paces, before crowds of witnesses ; and the major fell, to rise no more. My father, in his office of coroner, summoned a jury to sit on the body" of the deceMed ; and, after bearing all the evidence of the case, charged the jury, whom he enlightened with many a quotation from Coke, Holt, Forster, and Blackstone; for, like most other unprofessional West India gentlemen of the old school, he had what is a most dangerous thing, namely, a little


TBB ADVBllTUBBS OP A CRBOLB. 7 legal learning. Theee citations were intended to aet forth the difference between justifiable homicide, manslaughter, and murder. My worthy parent argued, that if two persons go out and me at each other, at the" gentlemanly distance" ol ten or twelve paces, should one be killed, the sarvivor eould not be considered guilty of mur der; because, be said, both parties aiming at eech other's life, each one acted 11 defeaderulo, and that, ergo, neither the dead man nor the living oae committed a crime. .. Nay,'' argued the learned coroner, as there are great chances of a man eecaping unhurt when fired at with a pistol at twelve paces, when, unfortunately, any one is slain at that distance, the law ought to consider it nothing more than chance-medley, which Judge Ponter derives from cluuul mi'/e; which means a bot mixture. And we all too well know how many duels take place in these islands in coJlle queuce ot takiog too much of hot mixtures. But, gentlemen," added my father, "the caae is very dllf'erent when two penons stand eo near each other u five or sis paeee, and firehe who l&aDda at that distance to receive a shot, is morally sure of being killed, so that he com mits while he who shoots him does not kill him fairly, bot butchers him. Now, to batcher a man is to slaughter a man ; and I need ..


8 WARNBR ARUNDBLL : not add, he who slaughters a man is guilty of manslaughter." Thus argued my father; but the jury took a different view of the case : and, after consuming a great deal of time, and twelve bowls of san garee in debating the question, whether they should pronounce a verdict of accidental death," or died by the visitation of God," wisely retumed the latter verdict, doubtless con ceiving, that to be shot in a duel is to receive a divine visitation. The coroner, who, like most men that puzzle themselves into error, was out rageously intolerant of the errors of other people, felt quite indignant at this unreasonable decision, and said be hoped shortly to see the time when he who sent, or carried, or received a chal lenge, would be considered all equally guilty of murder. On hearing this, Captain Hazell threatened to horsewhip my father. Wbatenr might be the feelings of the coroner, the creole blood of the Arundells revolted at this insult. My father, despite his own tirade against duelling, that day sent a message to the captain, met him in the evening, and gave him a dangerous wound in the neck, from which Hazell with great difficulty recovered. But it was as a member of the Antigua House


TBB .lDT&liTUBES OP A CRBOLB. 9 of Aaeembly that my worthy father shewed to the greatest advantage That respectable body, Hke most other West Indian duodecimo editiou of parliament, from time immemorial claimed a right always to keep np a standing quarrel or two either with the governor or t'he chief judge, or with both. WbOBOever his excellency," or "bis honour," for the time being might be, they were ever with one or both a& open warfare; or, "Nursing their wrath to keep it warm.'' In those disputes, my father was always the colonial "Hampden, who, with dauntless pride, The little tyrant of his i1le withstood." Many are the protests kepi in the records of the Hoose of Assembly against the ruinom and un precedented encroachments on the liberty of the subject of some now nearly forgotten governor, in which my father's name stands at the head of the protesters ; and many a ream o{ paper he consumed in writing home memorials to the 1eeretary of state for the colonies against judge and attorney-generals, no longer remembered. B2


10 W A.RNBR A.RUNDBLL : So great was my father's fame aa a senator, that his friends persuaded him to get into par liament. In an evil hour he followed their coun sel : he mortgaged an estate he held in St. Kitt't, and another in Antigua, to raise what may be called the sinews of politics as well as of war; and, in 1782, crossed the Atlantic, bought a borough, and took his seat on the opposition side of the house : this was during Lord Shel burne's administration. His first essay in parliamentary debate was rather inauspicious ; be made a speech of some length, but without that applause he was wont to command at St. John's, and was replied to by a young member, who made some witty, but rather unjustifiable allusions, about the house being enlightened by a wise man from the west. He further threw out some hints about my parent being a negro-driver, and the descendant of a bucanier, and then sat down. After this, two or three members rose to rejoin; and, amongst the rest, my father. The speaker con sidering, perhaps, that as bis character bad been attacked, he ought to have precedence in reply, therefore pointed to him and wished to call bis name, but this the noble speaker could not re collect; so, instead of calling out Mr. Bearwell


TBB ADVDTUJlBS OP A CRBOLB. 11 Arondell, be said :Mr. Bear,-and made a sudden pause; which awkward affair convulsed the house with laughter, and gagged my parent. The following year, Lord Shelburne having been ousted, the coalition administration came in, upon which my father, for a valuable consider ation, accepted the Chiltern Hundreds, and ever after disclaimed against the corruptions of parlia ment. Some twelve years after this, a hurricane haring injured my father's St. Kitt's and Antigua estates, he was obliged to give them in trust to the mortgagees, Messrs. Keen and Leech, of St. Christopher, and retire to live on a fine plantation he had in Grenada. Here, at an adTaDced period in life, he married a young lady of the old creole house of Warner; and, notwith B1anding the great disparity of age between the parties, they enjoyed, during some months, much domestic happiness.


12 WARNBR ABURDBLL: CHAPTER II. Oh, bloody times Whillt liou war and battle for their den11 Poor humleu lmnba abide their enmity.'' Sa.aurll.laL MY father's marriage took place in 1704, and the following year the West Indian colonies were convulsed in an awful manner, from one end to another. St. Domingo was suffering from the united curses of a servile and a civil war, which termi nated, after years of misery, in the extermination of the white colonists, the liberation of the black bondsmen, and the establishment of the worst form of government known-a military tyranny. )amaica was ravaged by the maroon war; Martinique, Guadaloupe, and St. Lucia, having been inoculated with the French revolutionary eruption by that barbarous agent of the conven tion, Victor Hugues, took the inft->etion; the people of these islands acted, on small stages,


TRB 01' A CRBOLB. 13 the bloody tragedies which were performing in Paris. The nominally free blacks were more cruelly beaten than while they were called slaves; bat this was done with staves, on which were written Liberte et egalite !" and the scanty popnlation of Trinidad, which, both in manners and language, were more French than Spanish, were ripe for At the same time Vietor Hagnes sent his agents to St. Vincent and Grenada, these men, in the former island, excited the black Caraibest to reTolt, who, for many months, desolated that beautiful island; while in Grenada, 80 well did the emissaries of Hugues 1uooeed, that most of the white French, and by far the greater part of the slaTes, f'ree black and coloored population, unfurled the standard of rebellion, and com menced hostilities by treacherously capturing the governor, and fifty of the principal English in habitants, whom, with the exception of three, they slaughtered in cold blood : a war of the most cruel character was then continued in this island, which threatened to end in the extermi nation of one of the belligerent parties. A lllCt. t Black Caraibee, a mi:1ed race (ram the Carai"bes, nod a cargo ol Africa .i.., .. Aid to be wncked oll" Heq11ee.


14 WARNER A.RUKDBLL: The emissaries of Victor Hugues committed a capital error in intrusting the chief command of the rebellion to a rich coloured proprietor, n amed Julian Fedon, instead of confiding its conduct to the more energetic Lavallee, or the more sagacious Louis La Grenade; both of whom, in common with the (ormer, were mulattoes. Fedon was not destitute of courage and ordinary abilities, but in the former be was inferior to Lavallee ; and u to talent, be could not compete with La Grenade. The French agents chose Fedon, on account or his estates forming a good point ti appui. The latter offered to make La Grenade second in command, which offer Louis indignantly refused, and then threw the weight of his power into the scale of the British. Lavallee was then ap pointed second to Fedon, but was fortunately killed in a broil in his own camp, early in the war. These events were propitious to the Eng lish, whose troops, joined by the island militia from the commencement of the rebellion up to the arrival of the immortal Abercrombie, dis played nothing but ineffectual valour, repeatedly suffering themselves to be surprised by their more vigilant enemy. I am obliged to make the above historical


TBB ADVB1'TURES OP A CREOLB. )5 sketch of the state or Grenada in 1795, or what follows would be somewhat unintelligible to the reader. At the beginning of the war my father's estate was desolated, and his young wife and himselr narrowly escaped through the fidelity of his slaves, who defended a mountain tract, over which they passed. My parent had long since resigned his rank as brigadier-general, in con sequence of some dispute with Governor Home. During this war he acted as a volunteer, in which capacity he took charge of a post on the north side of the island, where a quantity of military stores were deposited : he preferred his com paratively defensive station, as it allowed his being near his beloved wife, who was far ad vanced in what ladies call an interesting state. No doubt some of my fair readers will exclaim, why not have sent her to a more secure and tranquil place 1 To which exclamation I may re ply, that security and tranquillity were scarcely to be found at that period in the West Indies. The sun bad declined beyond the hills when one or the assistants or the commissary entered my father's apartment; and, with trembling hands, gave him some despatches. What is the matter, Conway, you look alarmed?" said my father.


16 WARNBR ARUNDBLL: No wonder," responded Conway; the negro that brought this said he was five times fired at in passing the guava-bush, within a mile of this post. Gracious me who wou]d imagine the rebels would dare to approach so near us ? But I always said, one day or the other, we shou]d be dislodged, and then who woul

TBB ADVBNTUBBS 011 A CRBOLB. )7 your danger! .. said his wife, who had entered his room unperceived. She added, you have assured me, love, that the post is impregnable ; and, as to the mere report, smoke, and smell or powder although the first is not music, the second incense, nor the last perfume yet, woman as I am, I have enough of the blood of the Wamers to tolerate them She said this in a calm tone, wLicb strongly contrasted with the cowardice of Conway. And do you really anticipate an attack 1" said the latter. Yes, Conway ; we shall have warm work o( it, you may swear I" We have warm work-not me You re member General Lyndsay placed me in this situation, to assist the commissariat with my pen, and-" Not with your sword I I remember you used to tall in fits at the commencement of every action, until your behaviour caused so much andal to the militia, that no one would stand next you. Strange, that an Irishman, and a gentleman of good family, should have so poor a let of nerves Sergeant Bluit now entered the apartment ; my father gave the necessary orders to prepare against surprise ; he also consulted with the ser-


18 'WA.RNBR A.RUNDELL: geant as to the safest part of the irregular fort in which to place bis wife. At this part of the con ference Conway interfered, and reminded my father of an armed schooner, called the Hostess Quickly, which WAS hired by the government for the service of the commissariat, and which wae anchored oft' the fort. Better allow me," said Conway, to con duct the lady on board, and I will take the greatest care of her." And of yourself too, doubtless ; it is cer tainly a safer and more commodious place during the expected attack, than in this imperfect gar rison," observed my father. The lady dissented from the proposition of being sent on board the Hostess Quickly, whose captain was a complete sot; but, after some little persuasion, she consented to embark, which she did in a canoe, accompanied by the timid Conway. The watch was well kept during the night in the fort. About two in the morning, the dark outlines of a body of insurgents were discovered issuing from the neighbouring bills, and stealing along dift'erent tracks towards the station. Each little group was followed by negro women, car The negreuea of Grenada, during this rebellion, oaed cbeer folly to perform the part.I of borau in dragging artillery,


TBB .4DVB1'TUBBS OJI' A CREOLB. )9 rying knapsaclui-gyon, and ammunition; for, during this war, these members of the fair eex were indispensable auxiliaries: no body of rebel1 moved without this kind of baggage. They advance whispered Sergeant Bluit; I'm blowed if it Wi't wonderful bow quietly they move, considering their rear-guard ia composed of women." The insmgents bad now formed themeelves into a compact body ; they paused, and one of them advanced to reconnoitre; the tall form of this man bespoke him to be the leader, Joseph Catean, a1iaa Y oyo. Down with your rifte, Cadjo," Rid my ather, addreesiog a Coromantee negro, who, a d"ay before, had deserted from the enemy' camp, and joined the little garrison ; down with your rifte, or you are a dead man I I suspect you. Do you wiah to fire, to give your old friends notice that we are awake 1" But the smpicion was ill-founded,-thirst of vengeance, and not treachery, caused the African thus prematurely to level his piece. Damn Y oyo," muttered the negro, lowering his arm; me want for pay him, because he Gya", .ortolrade buiet, attached to tlae ehoolden, back, ml forehead, to enry 1oec1.. Tbe name ad ianntion are Indian.


20 WARNER ARUlfDBLL: curse my mama in Guinea, and call me black nigger-dog; ooromighty make black man first, white man after; but debil put it in a buckra man and nigger woman head to make (beget) mulatta bastard." Y oyo now was seen to approach the fort ; it was so contrived that no sentinel appeared on his post ; the mulatto leader beckoned his party, who approached the garrison, gliding through the darknees as noiselessly as ghosts ; they had come within pistol shot of the walls. Steady, boys; musketry and carronades to gether fire I" At this order thirty muskets and riftes were discharged ; and, at the same moment, a masked battery of three pieces of ordnance vomited their deadly charge of grape and ca nister amongst the enemy, who, being taken them selves by surprise at the moment they expected to surprise the fort, were thrown into confusion : the fire was, however, returned, with little eS'ect, by a small body of white French soldiers, who shouted Vive la republique Some advanced even to the walls, but those could not be surmounted, for the party that carried the scaling-ladders had fled. A few English gunners, under the command of Bluit, served the cannon, which again poured their mortal charge amongst the besiegers, who were obliged to desist from their ill-fated enter


TBB ADVBNTURBB OP A CBBOLB 21 prise, and retreat, leaving more than forty of their number dead on the field, and carrying away many wounded. Cadjo, the deserter from their camp, did not fire with the rest of the besieged, but rose to the top of the rampart.a in order to make IUJ'e of his aim, whereby he e:r.posed his person, and received three wounds, which did not make him change his position, nor alter the stem glance of hit pro truded eyes. At each wound his muscles slightly qui'rered, and he drew his breath sharply through his clenched teeth, eo u to produce a kind of histing sound, which were the only indication& be gave of feeling the balls, although each wound ns mortal, eo intently wae his Tengefol search directed to light upon the man who had committed the unpardonable offence of coning the mother of a Coromantee. At length he discovered Y oyo, trying to rally his flying partisans; the African aimed at, and ehot him through the bead ; and then fell himself, haviug jnet time to say, "Ah, ab! Yoyo, no go curse me mother again ; me go." Here a slight tremor shook hie frame, and he expired. Well done militia and artillery," said my father, when this brief affair was over ; it will be long ere the] will pay us another night visit Ah! what can that drunken brute, Keating, be doing


W A.RNBR A.RUNDELL: with the Hostess Quickly t See, he is carrying the sloop round the point. What made him hoist anchor at this hour t perhaps Conway has infected him with his cowardice.' My father's attention was suddenly called oft' from the schooner by hearing a volJey of fire-arms in the neighbouring hills, over which the discom fited rebels had retreated. Bravo!" he ex claimed ; that fine fellow, La Grenade, is, ac cording to promise, intercepting the retreat of the insurgents." May I never see the trunk-maker at the corner of St. Paul's again," cried Bluit, if the darkia and Johnny CrapOU8 ao't catching it this here blessed night As conjectured, the intrepid Louis La Grenade had intercepted the retreat of the rebels, amongst whom dreadful havoc was made. Despite his order, his people gave no quarter, not even to the women ; such is the nature of a mixed civil and servile war Morning broke, and La Grenade arrived to congratulate his brother victors of the garri8ou ; he was, however, concerned for the mysterious disappearance of the schooner. Perhaps," said Louis, Captain Keating is gone round to the carenage; yet, what can be his motive? He is a steady seaman when sober,


THE ADVE:MTURBS OP A CREOLE, 23 and eober be must have been Jut night, for yesterday be aent to me for a little taffia, protetting he bad not a drop on board ; bot this I took care to forget to eend." Sergeant Blwt now eaid that be recollected the last evening, when Conway went on board the Boateas Quickly, he carried a cue of On hearing which, my father tumed deadly pale. SeTeral militiamen, who, in disobedience of orden, left the fort to pick op conchs and chipet for their brealdast, now returned with alarm, and stat.eel they bad di.ecovered OD the beach a part of the body of Conway, dreadfully muti lated by the sharks, the back part of the skull being perforat.ed with a ball. Subsequently the bodies of the captain and several of the crew of the schooner were found, all bearing deep wounds, and all more or leu tom by thoee ravenous 6sh ; and several eaDoes were seen adrift, which, OD being brought ashore, La Grenade identi6ed as belonging to the rebels. The mysterious disappearance of the H08teee Quickly was now too well explained. During the attack OD the post, which was so signally defeated, another party of the enemy bad boarded the &ehooaer and captured her, doubtleee slaying every New rum. t A IOrt or 1bell061h.


24 WARMER ARUICDBLL: one on board, save a young man of the name of Smithson, who saved bis life by swimming. Often have I heard La Grenade attempt in vain to describe the agony of my parent for the Joss of the wife of bis bosom,-the lovely, young, and affectionate wife of bis old age : this was so dreadful, that the mulatto wished death, or even insanity, would come to the relief of hie friend. La Grenade at length, partly by force, hurried him from the fort, in order to make him go to the capital, St. George's; but shortly after they commenced their accompanied by some partisans, they were attacked by a party ofthe enemy. A man standing by my father was shot, and fell : this event aroused him to action, be eeized the arms of the wounded man, rushed amongst the enemy, and performed such desperate acts of valour, that be seemed possessed with a demon: indeed he was so, poseesaed by the demon of re,enge. The mulatto leader, though himself as brave as most men, was utterly aetonished at the terrible acts of bis friend, who, from that time to the end of the war, associated with him in all bis enter prises. Grief had paralysed my father, but ven geance aroused him. In s0 much fear was he held by the int!urgents, that they called him le beque tigre (the white tiger).


TBB ADVBKTURU OP A CREOLE. 25" During one or La Grenade's expeditiom, the ldnoce-guard, marching amongst the mountains, suddenly came on a party in an ajupa (a tempo rary hut). It was suspected that Fedon was there, which made the advance-guard pour a mar ... deroos volley into the ajnpa, and all within it reu, either killed or wounded. On examining the ajupa, it was found (shocking to relate !) that the killed and wounded were all women, who had been employed in a pious purpose ; they had been singing a kind of creole requiem over the corpse of a white lady, decently decked in grave gear, and laid out, according to the custom of French creoles, with a crucifix, and a plate containing a fowl's foot with some salt in its breast. The body was supported by a temporary bier, composed of palm-branches (or rather fronds), while two resinous brands, in lieu of candJes, were blazing at its head and feet. La Grenade and my father now came up ; and the latter, with indescribable emotion, discovered that the corpse was the earthly remains of bis beloved wife. He embraced it, and, for the first time since his misfortune, shed a flood of sorrow. He had conjectured that his wife, like most women taken by the enemy, after suffering un utterable cruelty and indignity, bad been murdered. The spectacle before him seemed to conVOL.I, c


26 WARNBB ARUNDBLL: tradict forebodings, for the corpse bore not the slightest mark of wound or mutilation. On the contrar.y, it bad those gentle, and even beau tiful, although pallid traits of countenance, which Shakespeare, with anatomical truth, describes as shewing the difference between the body of one who died naturally and one who had been murdered,-" a timely parted ghost." Besides, the care bestowed in laying out and attending the body, indicated that the lady's deathbed had not been surrounded by monsters of iniquity. My father felt what Ossian, or Macpherson, called the joy of grief." What a strange composition is man! The very black troops who, in error, fired on defenceless women, employed in a pious purpose, and who, when they discovered their mistake, thought more about the loss of the ammunition expended than of the people slain and wounded, now shed tears at seeing my father recognise the body of his wife. In silence the troops carried the bier and the corpse through the rugged pass, preceded by a few drums and fifes playing a dead march. This artless procession had a solemn effect as it moved amid the mountains. Henry the Sixth, Part JI., Act iii,, Sc811e I


TBB ADVBJCTUBB8 OP A CBEOLB. 27 CHAPTER III. Rest thee, ay darlillg, the tiae it lhall oo-. When thy aleep ahall be broken by tnunpet IUld drum.'' TBB protracted and ruinous war or Grenada at length drew towards a cloee. The great Sir Ralph Abercrombie arrived in the island ; and, after complimenting the troops or the line and militia ror their bravery' he lamented that, through the procrastination and indecision or their commanders, their valour had not been productive of better results. He reconnoitred the enemy's position, aod declared that in twentyfour hours the whole of the strong posts would be io his posaession : aod he kept his word. By a series of prompt, simultaneous, and masterly maoreuvrea, he surrounded the enemy, dislodged, and dispersed them. The blow was most eft'ectaal; the rebellion was cmshed. After this no efectual stand was made or attempted. Many were killed in pursuit ; many were made


28 WARN BR ARUNDELL: prisoners ; many availed themselves of the pa1' don offered, on condition of their surrendering within a limited time ; while some, who were con scious that they ought to expect no mercy, still concealed themselves in the mountains. The de ceived slaves had joined the insurrection, because the mulatto leaders promised to establish in the island liberty and equality ; by which they meant, that they, the mulattoes, should be free and equal to the whites,-not that the poor negroes should be equal to them. These misguided men re turned to their work, singing in creole French, with melancholy voice, C'est naulatre qui manier now ra." ('Tis the mulattoes who brought us to this.) How different from the tone they used when, haul ing cannon up the hills, they chanted, Fire in a mountain!" At this period of affairs, my father one day was sitting in the tent of La Grenade, beside a beautiful lake called the Grand Etang, when an orderly announced the arrival of a flag of truce. Admit him!" was the order, which was readily obeyed. A negro belonging to the insurgent party was A rebellious negro song.


TB ADVBNTURBS OF A CJlBOLB. 29 ldmitted blindfold. He held a long s"ooar-cane in his band, to one end of which was appended a fragment of a wb.ite shirt, to shew that he came u the bearer of a flag or truce ; the other end of the cane the negro wu gnawing. The fold wu removed from hie eyes ; and be stood in all the dignity or an African His woolly hair had been plentifully dusted with powdered lime, by way of apology for hair-powder. He wore over his cocoa-nut formed head a French cocked-hat, to me a naval phrase, athwart abipe." On this hat was a staring tricolor eeckade, on which some literary character of Fedon's camp had written, Liberti et egalite.'' Oo a negropennistoun jacket he had a large pair o( worsted epaoletes. A cartoucb-box he wore in front, as a Highlander carries bis purse. Under this he had a canvaes apron, which reached down to his knees. This was necessary, at, in the moet literal sense of the term, he was a 6a11$CU/otte. He also had a bayonet without a acabbard at bis side, the point of which, to pre Yent accidents, was stuck into an Indian corn eobb. He was round-shouldered, and so miser ably knockkneed," that it wu wonderful his lower limbs supported his body. I say, compere, bas General Fedon many more such fine troops as you?" asked La Grenade.


30 WA.RNBR A.RUNDELL: .Apr<>p08-eomrade, I think I have seen that respectable figure of yours before?" '' Oui, Monsieur Louis," replied the bearer of the flag of truce : you bin a see me at Massa La Roche's habitation." As I live, it is my old friend Quashy J I always knew you to be coward, and how came you in Fedon's army?" C'est la faute de Monsieur Victor Hugues;' he bin make me a volunteer against my will." How did he manage that, compere l" Ma Joi, Monsieur Louis, he take me from massa plantation, and tell me to fight for liberty and 'quality. Me been a tell him me no good -for soldier, 'cause me so lame dat me no aabby (cannot) run away. When be beare (hear) me say dis, he call out, Ah I bah like one man sheep dat choke wid him fat ; ha bah citoyen he say, ''spose you no sabby run away, you go make the most best soldier in a world. Me want soldier for fight, no for run away; so me no take you lame excuse.' So him send me to Monsieur Fedon, who make me brave man, 'cause he go shoot me if me coward. But me Man-sheep, in the negro lingo, aigni&ea a ram, 11 womn abeep meena a ewe. Men and women 818 often nsed by negroea 11 synonymous with male 1111d female. Thus, the Cbineae call a male infiinl a" bull child."


11'BB ADVBNT11:aB8 OP A CBBOLB. 3) no like Vietor Hognes, 'ca1188 he make Sonday eome only once in ten days: that the way French baekra cheat nigger.'' "Bot who sent you with this Sag of tTnce ?" General Fedon, him send me ; bot &ell me after I bring letter, give Monaieor Arnndell no 'euion for come back." My father opened the letter. While he read this, Louis La Grenade ordered some food and drink to be given to the poor devil, Qaasby. The letter alluded to now lies before me. It is wriUen in French ; but, having a number of ereolisms in it, I prefer translating it rather than giring the reader a mere transcript. It runs thaa:-" The White Tiger doubtless regards Fedoo, the mulatto chief, u a monster ; but you will y, Jong after my ignominious death, or banishment from this fair island, that I was not unicruel. You remember a brute named SmithBon, who, bat two yean' since, came oat to Grenada, and was eold on a puncheon to pay bis passage. This man, on the public parade, reviled me Alluding to the toa.l change. iii the cal1111dar, md the iuti tatilm of the decadea iDatead of weeb. The Frenob oegroes thought lhia c1iup ._ made merely to cheat them out of oae day of reet permoDth.


32 WA.RNBR A.RUNDELL: because my l!okin was brown, reproached me with the vice or my father, and taunted me because my mother was a slave. He would have struck me, but that you interfered, and told him you would resent a blow given to me as though it were aimed at yourself. You called him a con temptible scoundrel for daring to abuse a man of colour who was scarcely allowed to defend himself, although that mulatto was every way bis superior. I saw the effects your interference produced on Smithson. He trembled with fear: he was as cowardly as he was tyrannical. I then vowed vengeance against him, and gratitude to wards you. My first vow is unfulfilled-my in sulter has hitherto escaped me ; but 1 have requited my vow of gratitude towards you. On the night Y oyo attacked your post, I surprised the intoxicated Keating and his sleeping crew. They shared the fate of those who suffer them selves in war to be surprised. Amid the carnage, I heard the voice of a female calling on your name. It was the voice of your wife. A ruffian French sailor had raised his hand against her : a blow of my cutlass slew him. Your beautiful spouse fell on her knees and embraced mine. I thought on the hour when you vindicated the cause or the poor despised mulatto, and I saved her.


TBE A.DVENTt.'BBS OP A. CREOLB. 33 This unhappy war led me such a wandering life, that I never could find a time to restore her in her delicate state of health. But she had eYery necessary care bestowed on her until she died, while giving birth to her child. I would hue caused her to be decently interred, but that the troops of La Grenade butchered the women who were employed in the pious office. Howenr, the inf'ant lives, and draws the milk from the breast of Julie, the nurse of one of my children. I will place your boy in your hands, if yoo will meet me to-morrow evening, as the IUD descends, near the large rock beside the three cocoa-trees, at the nearest bay of St. David's. But be sure to draw oft' all the troops stationed about there, or never llball you behold the beautiful infant of your age. I rear no treachery from Arondell; but, should any in judicious friend of yours attempt to betray me, the life of your boy eball be sacrificed. Remember the hour is sunset. "JtJLIEN FEDON." On reading the above extraordinary letter, my father remained eome minutes absorbed in mental de,otion. He then asked La Grenade's opinion as to bis mode of proceeding. Meet him by all means," said the partisan c2


34 WARNER ARUNDBLL: captain. I will take care that all the troops be withdrawn from the bay. I do not think he intends treacl>.ery. At all events I will be con cealed with a party behind the rock, so a.a to give you succour should the worst happen." But yon may sacrifice the life of my child?" No ; I will not appear unless you call my name. I do not wish to entrap poor Fedon. It is not the part of a skilful captain to slay an op posite leader, if the latter happen to be a man of common-place abilities, because his succeS&Or may be a superior man. What a choice Victor Hugues made when be appointed Fedon to head the insurrection Had my father been at leisure for reflection, he might have observed a trait of old rivalry in La Grenade's remark. Bot he was too much absorbed with the thoughts of obtaining bis child to pay attention to Louis's jealousy. He agreed to La Grenade's arrangement, and the friends separated for the night.


CHAPTER JV. What ba.-e I gained by this adnnture? A child." TBB sun was sinking in that glorious tabernacle which generally receives him near the equator, when my father stood beside the surfy shore of the little bay, indicated by Fedon as the place of rendezvoot. My parent bad Julled the suspicion of La Grenade, who was persuaded not to conceal a body of his partisans, as proposed, behind the rock, as it might endanger the life or the child ; for Fedon was a proscribed man : Abercrombie had set a price upon his head. II any ambuscade wns set near the place of meeting, IODle one of those who composed it might fire on him for the sake of the reward ; and, exposing the mulatto chief to this risk would have been an act of treachery.


36 WARNBR ARUNDELL: The scene where my father stood waa solitary and gloomy, for the demon of war had lately traversed the spot, and desolation followed his foot-prints. My father beheld the upshot rays of the now set sun, and cast his eyea most anxiously toward the mountainous interior of the island, whence be expected the arrival of the brigand ; but be came not. Suddenly a faint dash was heard from the calm sea; my father instantly wheeled round, and beheld Fedon and eight or nine other insurgents at the shore, beside a canoe, which bore marks of being newly made, and very roughly finished : it had, in fact, been constructed by the party who now sat in it, in order to make an attempt at escape. But four days since this frail vessel was the trunk of a tree which vegetated in the neighbouring moun tain; and it had only been brought down the previous night, and concealed behind the very rock where Loois La Grenade proposed to J:llace an ambuscade. Had this been the case, the hours of Fedon's life had been brief; but my parent's foresight saved the insurgent leader. The faint sound which aroused my father's attention was caused by the brigands launching their canoe. Their chief looked cautiously about to see if there were any enemies in view ; but my parent and La Grenade bad drawn oft' all


TBB ADVJUfTUBB8 OP A 'CBBOLB. 31 &he troops from the neighbourhood of the bay, otherwise the situation of Fedon would have been desperate. The brigand general approached my futher, followed by an old negreas belonging to the lat ter, called Phmbe, who bad fallen into the bands of the insurgenu tle night of the capture of the Ha.tees Quickly. She carried an infaot, which Fedoo took from her and plaeed in the anns or my father, who regarded the child with in expressible feelings of pleuure, and noted, or thought he noted, a resemblance between a.Ae features or his child and those of his departed wife: he pre.ed the child to bis bo&0m, until Plebe, almoet by force, took the babe from him, and enveloped it in a shawl to keep it from the night air. Fedon may God, in hia infinite mercy, .bless you for this act of bunianity !" sobbed my father, grasping the mulatto's dark hand. Arundell, I thought not that a man lived who could draw a tear from mine eyes; little thought I that I should weep for a white man; and leaet of all, that that white man should be a Briton." Wba& unhappy event caused you to be the tool of the monster Vietor Hugues?" You were witness of tha.t event, Aiundell.


38 WARN BB .+.RU1'DBLL : Nay, start not :1 do you not remember when Smithson, on parade at St. George's, spit on me, and called me a mulatto dog 1 You must re member it, for you nobly vindicated the cause of the degraded man of colour. That day I retired to the Belvidere plantation, weeping with rage, and cursing my dead parent for having brought me into this world, to be spurned, and despised, by the basest of white men; until a sud den design of vengeance occurred to me, which I immediately prepared to put in execution. And to do this, I loaded two pistols : with one I in tended to shoot Smithson, and with the other to blow out my brains : this would have aft'orded a noble example to my despised brethren. While I was in the act of loading my pistols, there ar rived on my estate two agents of Victor Hugues, who at once offered me the meana of vindicating my own insult, the insult of my race, and of satisfying my vengeance." And your ambition," added my father; and so, to revenge the disgrace of being af fronted by a contemptible wretch, you placed yourself at the bead of an insurrection which has deluged this lovely island with blood." No; not merely for revenge, and certainly not for ambition, did I consent to become the leader of this war: my object was more noble


TBB .ADVlmTUBB8 OP A CBBOLB. 39 I fought for liberty and equality-not as these words are, I find, understood by the boUow hearted French, but I aimed at emancipating the slaves, although I myself possessed a valuable gang. I wished to lll&ke the negro reepected despite his inky skin, to induce the mulatto to comider himself a man, although his brown complexion told him he was the son of the tyrannical white man. Yee, .Arundell, when I reftect on the myriads brought from Africa, and sacrificed in tbeee islands to European greedi oeu, I sigh when I recollect that I have not in my veins the pore blood of the naked and sa.vage Alrican. Look on these lovely islande : did the Supreme Creator bid them raise their erdant heads from the Atlantic that they should be made altan whereon that ineatiate devil, European avarice, should sacrifice millions of the dark children of Guinea, after having im molated the whole race of Indians? This archipelago," continued Fedon, once poYeUed a numerous and happy progeny ; the white man came, and the red children of the Antilles were exterminated. Millions after mil lions of the dark tribes of Guinea have been brought hither by white men : where are They have perished, except a miserable few, who live to give birth to offspring whose in-


40 WARNER ARUNDBLL: heritance is bondage, whose complexion is re proach." Feclon paused ; then added, Farewell, Gre nada land of my birth, adieu! No more shall I behold your fertile valleys and breezy moun tains, unless I get from afar such glimpses of you as the damned get of Paradise.'' Saying this, the brigand chief grasped my father's hand, then rushed into his frail canoe, which, in an instant, was propelled out of sight by eight paddles. Scarcely had it disappeared, ere the face of the sea assumed a frowning aspect, its waves blackened and foamed, and the winds moaned over its surface, indicative of the coming storm. At the same instant, from the mountainous centre of the island a loud and long-echoed peal of thunder roared and rebellowed, as though the demon of war gave a parting salute to the chief who bad kept the island in a state of com motion for fifteen months. Phrebe hurried my father and the infant under shelter from the coming tempest; my parent put up a sincere prayer for the safety of the pi:eser,er of his child, amid the storm, which raged with awful violence, and to which the desperate in surgents were exposed, in a miserable and scarcely finished canoe, on the bosom of a tur bulent ocean.


TBE DVB1'TVB.E8 OP A CBBOLB. 41 Nothing further was heard of Fedon by the inhabitants or Grenada; but a few days after, the canoe, upside down, with a compass nailed to its bows, was picked up at &ea, which seemed to indicate the fate of the party. The infant, preserved by the humanity or gra titude of Fedoo, is the writer of these pages.


42 W.ABNBR .ABUNDELL: CHAPTER V. Ob that I were once more a eareleu child." CoLaa1DG1. I w.As christened by parson May, a clergyman who was, in the most literal sense of the word, a good defender of his church; for when, during the Grenadian war, the rebels attacked the parish church oC St. David's, which was con verted into a temporary fort, the worthy minister fought like a hero, while a major of the St. George's militia was on his knees in prayer. My father had me called by my mother's maiden name: hence I bore the designation of Warner Arundell. Such havoc had been made among the women of Grenada by the war, that it was with extreme difficulty my parent procured a nurse for me : this at length was found, in the pel'80n of Mrs. M'Shain, the wife of an Irish soldier. During the latter part of the war my father


TRB ADVB1'TURB8 OP A CBBOLB, 43 bad become very active, for he was spurred by engeanee. After the expulsion of the enemy he lost that stimohu, and naturally fell into his former habits. During his youth and middle age he was of a procrastinating disposition, and, moat creole gentlemen, indolent, eave when extraordinary occurrences excited him, on which occaaions few men could be more active and indefatigable than he. He had now fallen into the sere and yellow leaf: his Grenada estate bad been destroyed at the beginning of the insur rection, and he failed to exert his interest to obtain compemation for his losses from the British go-rernment. Hia St. Christopher and Antigua plantations were put out to dry nurse, uader the care of Messrs. Keen and Leech of St. Kitt's; which gentlemen managed his eistatee ery well for their own interest-for they were honourable men, who never eommitted an act of injustice towards themtel'fee. Doring the war, all my father's papen relative to his Leeward Island plantations were either d.troyed or carried oft". He might easily have replaced them, by going to St. Kitt's and An but he deferred this from time to time, until he appeared to have forgotten the lou, and at length he could not bring his mind to think of buineM. His favourite amutement seemed to


46 WARNER ARUNDBLL: When any work was to be done, mutual accusations were bandied from one to another for a long time ere the job was set about, if it ever was commenced. If a gentleman arrived on a visit to my father, ere one could be persuaded to take his mule or horse into the stable, the female part of the establishment were obliged to call their male fellows in bondage, lazy black raskela, which the latter resented by ungallantly desig nating the ladies black female doge; and these criminations and recriminations generally lasted half-an-hour, ere the buckra'1 beast was taken out of the sun. Yet, with all the faults of these poor people, I should be unjust did I fail to acknowledge that, to my father and myself, they were most affec tionately attached. My parent, like most creole gentlemen of the old school, had high notions with regard to the absolute authority of an owner over his slaves ; yet, like most creoles, was an indulgent master, and more under the inftnence of his bond-se"ants than he himself was aware of, or than the mere European would believe. When in comparative prosperity, he was kind to his domestics, which they gratefully recollected when age weighed down his energies, and ad versity clouded his approach to the grave. In our house, there was not the slightest


TBB A.DVB!l'TUBBS OP A. CREOLE. 47 appesraoce of what the people of England (rich ia terms of domestic economy) call tiJinelS; yet, nothing touching the comfort of my father or myself was neglected. Scipio was our vain d curp1 at table; he used to watch my father's appetite with as moch anxiety as a young pbylician obeenes the appearance of his first patient. If my parent shewed leas than ordinary relish for hia food, he (Scipio) used to become (to use his own expreeaion) bhte bn; although, bow a negro could become bloe vexed, is in vain to inquire : hilt wo betide cook Caar if my father disapproved or the fish-soup, or if the green turtle wu over or under dreesed; be would, if that happened, lean the ball in which we dined, dart into the eook-room (kitchen), and, if he did not break Ceiar's bead with the kitchen-ladle, he would fracture the latter with C&lSar's tough and wool defeoded cranium. Should M888 Warner (my eelf) appear pony, this circumstance would cause a choral anathema to be poured from the throats or the whole female part of the establishment, in nery key from C minor, to F alto, which dis cordant notes were intended for the ean of old Phcebe, whom they would accuse of negligence towanle me, and whose black mother in Guinea they wou1d execrate. Strange to say, the first reproach one negro generally makes to another,


48 WARNBB ARUNDBLL: is respecting the sahleness of their skin ; thus veri fying the adage of_ the kettle ca11ing the pot smutty names. Sometimes it was imagined by this dark coterie, that my nurse, Mrs. M'Shain, obliged me to apply too studiously to the lessons in read ing and writing which she gave me : when those suspicions were awoke, the whole black train, men, women, and children, would give tongue to the worthy Irishwoman, calling her a white cockroach, and flat-footed buckra,t and telling her she would kill poor Mass Warner with" read," and make him learn book till he grow double ., Of these there was little cause of fear : poor Mrs. MSbain was tenderly attached to her foster child ; and as to my growing do11ble, consider ing my age, I was as tall and as upright as an Indian corn-stem I was most fortunate in having so kind a nurse. Through the doating affection of my father. he would never suffer me to be sent to school ; so that, but for this worthy woman, I should have passed my infancy without necessary instruction. She was the wife of a soldier, but had received a tolerable Mucation ; her husband had kept a A name of reproach for a white penoo. t A European of low origin.


TBE A.DVBKTUREB OP .A. CJlBOLB. 49 llnall shop in Sligo, until he commeuCed clandestinely to deal in whisky made by people of short memory ; that is, who always if not &heir own duty, at least the duty of bis majesty. From selling illicit spirita, he t.ook to drinking them, which caused him to neglect his shop, until his landlord aeized bis stock in trade to pay bis rent. Whisky, the cause of his misfortune, beeame hie conaolation, until, at the Sligo fair, a recruiting serjeant, whose tongue had come in eontBCt with the stone of Blarney, drew such a picture of the salubrity, riches, and beauty of the West Indies, and the joys of the life of a soldier io those colonies, that he induced M'Shain to enter into one of the regiments going out with Sir Christopher Grey's expedition. His worthy wile followed bi& fortunes. She bad a child born about the 8allle time. that I first saw the light, who died the day after my father received me from Feclon : hence she supplied the place of a ftl-oo.ne. She was, therefore, taken from the degndecl situation of a camp-follower, and placed by my father in his own house, where her husband occasionally used to visit her. He, partly through good conduct, and partly through bloody wan aod sickly seasons, obtained promotion to the rank of a lance-corporal ; and, no doubt, be VOL. J. D


50 W ABNER .4.RUNDBLL: would have obtained further preferment, but for an unfortunate discovery he made; namely, he found out that rum had a strong resemblance to whisky : hence he was too often seen in the canteen, where new rum, improved by having tobacco infused into it, consigned him to the hospital ; and, in those days, from the military hospital tO a soldier's grave, was the brief and general route. Poor M'Shain died by that poison commonly sold in West Indian _canteens. and which, during the early part of last war, killed more British soldiers than did balls, ba.yonets, or yellow fever. After the death of her hueband, my nurse be came more attached to me than ever. But, to return to my father's t1laves : those who worked out, although they seldom paid above a tithe of what they gained, never failed to bring to their master some little present for himself or young masea. If a fine chicken-turtle, a large grouper, or delicious roek-hynd, was caught by any of our fishermen, no price would tempt them to sell it; no, it muat be sent or brought as a prcaent to maeea. The fioeat pine-apples, sappo tillas, or shaddocks, that could be gathered, or even pilfered, by our people, were continually seat to Maaea W aroer ; in ebort, if my father received little money from his slaves, he wanted


TBB .ADVBJITUBES OF .A CBEOLE. 51 little, and fared in coo&equeace of the pn!SeDts he received, and these were always giYen with pride. Two of OUJ' people had acted so bravely in ring my parents' lives at the beginning of the wat, that my father emancipated them; another, named Cuffy, had performed sach eigoal service u a guide and partiean, that the local govern ment plll"Chased his liberty. Yet, these three free men treated ua, if poesible, with more reepect and dection than even our slaves. I verily believe thoee meu would have fasted a whole day, ere tlley would allow us to be without a.Dy luxury they could procure. Cuffy wae a creole of Her ealean stature and strength ; and, withal, as bran as he was powerful. Wo betide the black or coloured man in Grenada who would refo.11e llllleot to Cuffy' a continual 8.llel'tion, -namely, that the extinction of the rebeUion was owing to the skill and bravery of hie late master. None of our slaves would enr hear us talked of while they bad the power of firing a lick (makiug a blow), or bittieg a butt, at the calumniator. He who dared say aught against M181& Arnndell in the presence of any of his negroes, generally suffered assault and battery. Negroes 11Dd creoles generally 6gbt more with their Lew tJaq bands.


52 WA.BNBB A.RUNDELL: CHAPTER VI. Last scene of all, That ends this strange eventful history, 11 second childiahneaa and mere oblivion." Sa.tUHARL Mv father gradually sunk into a state oflethargy; hie fowling-piece was laid aside, and he used to spend hours gazing affectionately at me; now and then a mournful observation would escape him, which seemed to be predicative of my future destination. His once large fortune had now melted down into a small competence; and, as he foresaw I should have a long minority, he judged that what little property he could be queath me, would be wasted ere I became of age; for, in the West Indies, the property of minors was wont to be managed so well by the adminis trators as to have given rise to a proverb ; viz. Appoint me to be your executor, and I care not whom you constitute your heir."


Sometimes, after gazing at me so penenriagly and doatingly, be would break his long and me lancholy silence with brief, bot mournful obeer ntioos, such as these : Late marriages make early orphans." Poor Warner I you came into this world amid troubles, woes, and dangen, and your life will correspond with your birth." I was but seven years old when I heard him frequently make those obsenations : at that time I knew not their import, but I have often since then thought of them, when misfortune laid her leaden hand on me : how far they were prophetic, the reader will be able to judge. At length, age and sorrow confined my fa ther to his bed, on which he waa vieited by a French emigrant, who, during the late troubles in Grenada, waa fortunate enough to choose the right party,-tha& ia to say, the party which ultimately was sneeeaeful,--iLnd by thil choice he ved his estate. He advised my lather to send for k .edecin D'Alentour, who had lately arrived in the co lony. I must ya word or two of thia learned The ban. D'Alentour was a Frenchman, who, for some political offence or jealousy, was sent to perish amid the pestilential swamps of Cayenne, whence be escaped to this island. Having a prepoasessing


WARNBR ARUNDlltL r appearance, and that eort of tact for imitating their soperiors with which most Frenchmen of the humble orders of society are endowed, the pretensions to noble blood, which he did not fail to advance, were admitted by most per8(>ns whom he met in Grenada. He who possessed a good stock of impudence could bring that commodity to no better market than the W ettt Indies, and this D' Alentonr soon diecovered. He pompoosly asked several colonists, in which of the learned professions a gentleman was most likely to suc ceed, as he could easily qualify himself for the pulpit, the bar, or the practice of medicine: that is to say, he proposed turning a priest, without knowing a word ol Latin ; becoming a lawyer, without understanding a syllable of the language in which the laws of the land were written ; or, flnal1y, getting a to kill, without knowing a bone in the human body. Thie last profession he fixed on Dr. D' AleotooT came to my father's bed-side, took snuff with the gi'ace of one who had a War wick Lane dispensation to break the sixth com mandment, felt the patient's pulse with the adroitness of an Edinburgh protess

TBB ADVBlfTUaJIB OB A CBBOLB. 55 '' Mafoi I wish I had beell called in 800Der," (wLicb, doubtleea, be d.idJ as be would have made his bill .lomger). Monsieur Arundell," he con tinued, has got a severe COllJ' d air," -which term is a geoeric name amongst the French of the West ladiea fOr all that numeroua elus or di t8lel whieh men, women, and children, oa those pm. qf theil' bodies situated betweea &he erowu of their head &lld tbe soles of their feel The cloet.or ordered my ther to wash b.ia with eau. de Colog11e, tie round his templea ihe le&vea ot the Pa/aa. Chrilti, and take every hoar a spooufal .of what he calJe,d magnesia.._, whieh be thue prepared;-He mixed an of calcined magnesia. in a pint of water, and, OB the Dlizture settling, mew of' the clear liqaid. Now, u the water ""ld _not, in uatw'e, eoatain 111110b or the qeclifi._., the patitmt mjght as well have taken the former ere it was mixed. But, it ma' be aaid. in fa,,_r ,'4 Dr. D'Alemour, tlaa' if his preamptioas did.no. good, they did no bum ; aad I wiah all medical practitioners could claim equal iugative merit. N.ay, u watching the be1U' .., .ibe. ebamber .. clock, to direet him in taking the magnesia water," afforded some am119ement to 111y worthy parent, I verily believe that the dc>ctor's vlilits might have ofsome


56 W.A.RNBR .A.RUNDBLL: service to him, but that be sqft'ered, at one and the same time, from the effects of two disorders, to neither of which it .was in the power of science or quackery to minister ; I meao, old age, and a mind diseased. The next remedy administered by this professor of the art of killiug, was a dose of what he called tincture of cream-of-tartar," which he prepared by mixing a gill of brandy with an ounce of cream-of-tartar, and then straining off the spirit. Now, as cream-of-tartar is no more soluble in spirit than powdered granite, the medicine did as much good as did the ftint in the soup, as recorded by Joe Miller, or some such classic. The patient drank the cognac neat as imported ; and, being little accustomed to drink raw spirits, the tincture increased his lethargy. An English friend of my father ad vised him to call in the aid of Mr. Martin, the 888istant-surgeon of the neighbouring garrison, who had of late been auecessful in treating the officers who had the sangar, and the men who had the rum fever. But Dr. D' Alentour dieseated from this, alleging that he could not consult with Martin, because the latter was only a sur geon, whilst he (Dr. D' Alentour) was a physi cian; and that the patient's case was not a surgical one." Urging, further, that he had no


TBB .A.DTDTV:aa OP .& caBOLB. 57 meam of consulting with Martin, became he (Martin) was eo ignorant that he could not .,esk Freneh,"-this modest man not recollect ing that surgeon Martin might, with equal right, have upbraided him with ignorance in not being able to converse in the English language. I would propose," added IY Alentoor, '' to hold our conference in Latin ; but the English pronounce Latin so barbaromly, that no ciriliaed nation can understand them. Mais," added the doctor, nou autres la langue Latine avee le veritable accent du pays Lacin !n Be il known that Dr. D' Alentour knew u much or Latin u of Chinese. While riding home, the doctor met with a fonner patient, by name Coteau, whom he had attended while attacked with bilious fever, but whom he left when he supposed he was dying, and who, nevertheless, on Martin being called in, recovered. Dr. D'Alentour expressed surpriee at seeing the late sick man well, after he bad pronounced his sentence of death. Coteau explained, that after he was given over by D'Alentour, he called in Martin, who gave him other medicine than eau de magnesie, and teint"re tit ahne-de-tartre. n2


58 WARNER ARUlfDBLL: What did he give you?" asked the sapient doctor. "Mafoi," replied Coteau, "he poured calo mel into me until he drove away the fever. I am now nearly well ; but I have 80 much mer cury in my bones, that I am a living barometer. In short, I can't touch a dollar or a joe without their turning as black as a silver spoon boiled in poisonous fish. Bonjour, monsieur le medecin ;" and, saying this, his former patient left him, and turned up to his small coffee plantation. Left to himself, D' Alentour resolved to Collow Martin's plan, and administer calomel. Without considering, according to the creole parable, that What cures a ratcatclier kills an overseer," be prepared a large box of calomel pills, and sent them to my father, with directions to take one each hour throughout the day. Ere half the contents of the box was taken, salivation ensued, which 80 debilitated the poor patient that he In moat of the West India island certain &ah, 111eh as the dolphin, grouper, canlly, &e., are aometimee poieonou, owing, 11 some aay, to the copper-banka, or, u othen allirm, to the mamanill .. applee on which they feed; and hence there is a custom or boiling a silver spoon, or other piece or plate, with fish. If the 1ilver turns black, the &sh i1 thrown away, u unfit for food


TBB il>TB1ft'17&E8 OP & OBBOLB. fJ9 died. His skilful phyeieian anind wliile be wu ei:piring ; shook his bead ; said that the eue was deepen.te ; but aagely obeened, that had my father been a yoooger man, and poe-ct of a stronger he might line l'MO't'erecl.


60 WABNBR A.1lU1'DBLL: CHAPTER VII. Do all we can, Deathiaaman Who never 1pareth none." P. P. Tall i.a11a e1.aaa. A WBsT hrnu.N funeral has fewer of the trap pings of wo than a European interment. In Europe, the custom of keeping the corpse un buried for a week or two after death, allows the ceremonions mourners time to rehearse their parts, while the first paroxysms of wo of thoee who since1ely grieve for the deceased have some what abated; but this ardent clime prevents our keeping the mortal remains of the departed above ground for more than a few brief hours, or, at the furthest, for more than a day. Little preparation can be, therefore, made for the mournful occasion. Here, we hear of the sick ness of a friend in the morning, and receive an invitation to his funeral that very evening. The


TBB ADTBJl'Ttl'BU OP A CBBOLB. 61 rtlatiTes of the deceased appear overwhelmed with the first and full flood of sorrow ; and those mockeries of wo, hired mourners and motet, are here unknown. The acquaintances of the deceued often appear at the funeral in coloured garments, the time sufficing not to allow them to furnish themselves with black habiliments. But, although they have not the livery, they baTe, in general, the looks of wo. In the West Indies, the progress of the angel of death is terrifically rapid; and ghastly corruption closely panues bis gloomy flight. Bence, in theee islands, those who follow the remaina of a late friend to the ho1lle appointed for all," look, in general, more under the influence or awe than do European attendants on a funeral. My father" mortal remains were followed by many friends, and by all bis alaTes, whose grief, thcagh brief. was yet Tiolent and sincere. He, haring been a brigadier-general of militia, was baried with what are called military honours ; that is to iay, the solemnity of the burial-ground wu disturbed with three Tollies of musketry aod artillery, instruments mounted by man for the Christian purpose of destroying bis fellowcieatoree. The day after the funeral, the Hawk, sloop of war, anchored in the earenage. The veaeel brought


64 W AR1'BR ARUNDBLL : adept in the use of arms, which reasons combined to render him the only gentleman in his regiment who had never either sent or received a chal lenge. After shedding a few tears over the grave of bis elder brother, my uncle placed the remains of my father's shattered Grenada fortune in the hands of Messrs. Flint and Sharp, merchants of St. George's, gentlemen very like Messrs. Keen and Leech of St. Kitt's, who had, to use a Cockney's expression, done for" my father's St. Christopher and Antigua estates; or who, as we say here, were good hands at draining" plantations. The former firm so managed matters, that, al though my slaves were much harder worked after than during my father's lifetime, yet I seldom got a sixpence through their exertion. They were all employed about the house, store, and plantation, and on board of the shipping of Me88rs. Flint and Sharp ; yet, so heavy were the doctor's and nurse's bills for them when sick, and so trifling were their earnings to me when in health, that the succession of Bearwell Aron dell" always appeared on the debtor side of the books of Messrs. Flint and Sharp; and the debte so augmented in the course of years, that thoee respectable gentlemen were obliged to bring my slaves to the hammer to pay off the debte incurred


lrp\\tm,\\l\\t 'neeA c\erk.. buying them in, and theneitd'!Wlnening t.hem. to the house: and it it \n\lt 'When 'they became the property of Flin\ they were considered the most nl.uUl\e \&ves in Grenada. l relate this ma\let foT \be inf onnation of the Europee.u reader, for tbaet ot ilie West Indies we\\ know, that minon in these islands bu this peculiarity-\\ ueur "P"l'O&pel'S until it becomes t.ba\ 0 the necuton. My father's Grenada estates being, u my worthy ocle &}lt.ly said, settled (as a man is said to lie eeltled aftet' having bis brains knocked out), he commenced eumining into the state of my eduearioo, which, thank.a to Mn. MSbain, was respectable for a boy of my age. I could read tluently, write a fine hand, and knew the four tint rules or arithmetic; besides which acquire. ments, I could swim, ride a donkey, and talk creole French, which was u much my mother tongue as English. Gm you ttaod fire, Warner 1 asked my uncle George. I replied, that I bad never tried. "Whatl'' said my uncle, with ut.oniahment, "Derer taught to stand tire! My poor, dear diiJd bow your ednca-tion bu been neglected\ bo I be'-ore heard Of 1' OOJ Of eight. Je&l' eYer .u


66 W .&.R?fBR A.RUMD8LI. : of age, brought up in a Christian country, with out being able to stand fire ? Why, my dear Warner, your cousin Amelia, when she wu a year younger than you are, would, without wink ing, suffer me to shoot a eappotilla from oft' her ftasen head ; and oe could handle her pi8tol dexterously before she inished her firet 88lDpler." Having expressed my willingneu .to learn, my uncle placed a wine-glus in my hand, which he bid me hold by the foot, with th"a tips of my finger, with my arm extended in aR horizontal direction : he then retired about twelve paces from me, and cocked a loaded duelli.g .. piltol. Now, my dear Warner," said he, "steady! look at me, not &i the glue; don't allow yoor hand to shake the pistol is only loaded with powder; look straight at me, not at the glass : to-" bang went the pistol, which, as he mid, was only loaded powder. Bravo!" he exclaimed; yon &Fe tteady under fire ; and uow, hold it once more, for the other piatnl. Steady, again ; open your eyes and shot yonr DlOuib, and see what the pistol will aend yo11.'' Again the pistol went off; but this time there was a ball in ii; for I, at one and the same moment, saw the flaah, beard the report, ud. felt the glass break in my hand, my uncle having struck it on the rim.


" Bravo my dearest child ; you ue a trae Arndell," said my relative, embracing me with u much ardour as though I had learned the moat diftienlt a11d 118ef'ol leuon. In order further u to teaeh the young idea IMnr to lhoot," be brought from bis trunk a J>&ir ol pistole ef abont seven iaches in length o( bmel, and &hewed me how io eharge and discharge them ; at first with corks, and then with ballets. In tile eoane of that day and dte next, l became so dexterous in the 1l8e of the lbal'king irons," that my uncle and myae1f contried to break every glass in the lloue, and were, conseqaeotly, l'elinced to drink out tA ealabuhes and mooa-nat shells, until a h81a 1appl1 could be prueured from tow.. My uncle next taught me fencing, together wdh a liUle negro, wbom he instrnoted purpoeely, in order that I might dlmtend with one of my own .ru. Owing to thoee le880m, and to beetnent pl'Mtice, I have seldom met lrith one who eou1d compete 1ridt me in fencing, ud aevel' with any one who enrpaued me in the dutel"OU8 use of ftre-81"1D8. Thie neceuary pan of my West Indian edueation being completed, my ancle proposed to .t me &o.i the land of my birdl &o the land of my father's-namely, to Antigua; fbr, at


68 WARNER ARUNDBLL: this period, there was scarcely a good school in Grenada. To get me to the latter island, however, was no easy undertaking; for, at this period, the Caribbean seas were infested with privateers. But Lieutenant Rotherham, of his majesty's ship Hawk, coming round to Guave, near which bay was my father's house situated, he offered my uncle to give me a passage to Antigua : be had orders to cruise amongst the islands for some weeks, and then sail for English Harbour, at that time the general rendezvous of men-of-war. No objections were started to my making a voyage amongst the Antilles, as it was judged good for my health. True it is I was free from all kinds of disease ; but I shot up so tall for my age, that, as my_ worthy nurse and preceptre8l', Mrs. M'Shain, expressed it, "she was afraid I might outgrow my strength." This kind-hearted woman entreated, and was permitted, to accom pany me ; she seemed to have for me all the aft'ection that a widowed mother has for her only son.


TBB ADVBNTUBBS OP A CREOLB. 69 CHAPTER VIII. .. oer the glad watera or the dark blue sea, Oar &JaouglilB u "Ddleaa and our IOU! M free." BYtOlf I TOOK. leave of my uncle, and of the slaves, with such tean a a child sheds; and, accompanied by my nurse, embarked on board his majesty's ship Hawk. She weighed anchor, and stood out fOt' sea, making a serpentine course among the Grenadines, an immense number of little islands lying aliout and between Grenada and St. Vincent. I experienced little sea-sickneN, and had, therefore, leisure to look about me. I remember what struck me the most was the extraordinary diference between men-of-war sailors on board, and the same men on shore. I had often noted them when they were rambling up the country on "liberty" (leave of absence), running about as frolieksome and thoughtless as boys just let loose from school ; capering, as though the island


70 WARNBR ARUNDBLL: was scarcely big enough for their "land-cruise," and calling the negroes "dark.ies," "snow-balls," and tea-pots ; while the latter would in return denominate them "Jack ta," and mimick their expressions; such as, I say, darkie, gi us a junk of sugar-stick," as they call the sugar-cane. Yet, the negro and the man-of-war's-man are uniformly good friends, became the latter are the only white men who, in these colonies, will drink with slaves : both, too, in common, love a good humoured laugh ; and each looka on the other with kindness and pity, unalloyed with con tempt. But how dift'erent are sailors on board ship! The fact is, the businees of a seaman is far from being of that light nature which we, who live at home at ease," are too proud to suppose. So much is there to be learned ere one can become an able seaman, that, to be muter of the pro fe88ion of a sailor, it is absolutely nece88&ry to be a man of good sense. I am aware that much of the steadineu of the British sailor is owing to the rigid discipline kept up in the navy ; yet, whoever has observed the countenance of the Eoglish sailor during a storm, a chase, or a battle, and noted the quickness of his e)e, the lines of deep thought his TI8age displays, and his calm, grave, yet intrepid demeanour, mUlt


TBB A.DVBJITURBB O A CREOLE. 71 allow him to be a very ditf'erent sort of man from the frolieksome being his gambols on shore woold eeem to indicate. We quickly p888ed the Island of Cariacon, wida i&8 sugar estates. The oval.formed Union ltlaod displayed its undulating and verdant land, looking like CODSOlidated waves of the ocean. Mayaro and Canaan, with their cotton plantations, diaappeared before us, and at night we lay becalmed off St. Vincent. A shore-boat came off to us with despatches &om Govemor Bentinck, which informed our captain that a French privateer lugger, called tbe Sanseulotte, carrying only three guns, but full of men, bad lately been doing much milchief amongst the small craft navigating amid the Grenadines. Lieutenant Rotherham could not avail him relf oC this information until the morning, on accouut of the calm ; but with the sun arose a fair breeze, and away darted the Hawk in quest of her quarry, taking her Sight round the islands and rocka between St. Vincent and Canaan, but without success; and at length we put into the bay oC the la&ter island. Here came on board a Scotch gentleman named Allardice, the owner ofa cotton plantation io the island, who informed Rotherham that, &om an eleTation of his estate, he had


72 W A.RNBR A.RUNDBLL: seen the privateer oft' the point to leeward, and bearing towards Mayaro ; at the same time introducing to the captain a good-looking Maho medan negro, named Sayebe, a fisherman, well able to act as a pilot amongst the Grenadines. I," said Mr. Allardice, will pledge myself for bis fidelity ; be served under me as a ranger during the Caraibe war, and has no reason to favour the French. But, away with you -you have not a moment to lose." The ship was put about, and in a few minutes we were clear of Canaan harbour. Scarcely waa this the case, ere the Sansculotte appeared in sight, right to leeward, and bearing towards l\layaro. A moderate breeze was blowing, every stitch of canvass was hoisted by the Hawk, aa well as by the chase ; but it soon became apparent that the Sansculotte would be captured if she continued running before the wind, for we were gaining on her, as the sailors express it, hand over hand: she, therefore, hauled her wind, and stood towards Union Island. The Hawk im mediately did the same, occasionally firing her long Tom at the lugger with some effect ; although, standing on a wind, she was rather gaining on the sloop-of-\var. Off the end of Union Island there is an islet, or rather rock, called Prune. Between this and


THE A.DVBNTUBJUJ OP A CBEOLB. 73 the island there is a hazardous passage, BO nar.: row that it would seem impracticable to any thing larger than a good-sized boat ; but this plSS&ge the privateer, in its desperate eituatiou, resolved to try, the astonishment of Rotherham, who now proposed running down to the leeward of Union Island, and cutting her oft' as she came out of Prune Passage, as it is called. The pilot opposed this, assuring the commander that he would arrive at the other side of the pl9S&ge too late to cut oft' the logger. The uegro cast his eyes upwards to consult the appearance of the weather, and then said," In a few moments it will be nearly calm : this I well know. It is flood-tide-there is room enough-if you wish to take the lugger, yon m11St follow her through that p888&ge : there is space and water enough ; and by the time we a11e in, the wind will have died away, and we can then warp her through." "What t" said Rotherham, "carry the Hawk iulo that narrow creek Impossible I Shorten your sail, and get a kedge over your stern ; and, if I do not bring the ship safely through the passage, blow out my brains." There was an earnestness in the black pilot's manner that convinced Rotherham of his good &Uth. In an instant he acceded to his propoeal ; VOL. I. B


74 1t" ARND ARUNDBLL : the sails were shortened ; Rotherham himeelr took the helm ; and in a few minutee the Hawk was in the Prune Passage, standing after her chase, to the manifest dismay of the latter. It appeared to me, that, bad the Hawk been one loot wider across the beam, she would actu ally have struck and been jammed between the rocks ol Union and Prune. Here and there the passage widened ; when it did, the breakers were seen to fling their white foam against the aides of the Hawk, as though the waters of the creek were displeased at her intrusion The long Tom was now discharged at the lugger with such fearful preeision, that a loud crash, accompanied with piercing shrieks, fol lowed the thunder of the cannon ; producing frightful echoes Rmong the to which the startled galdings and fish-hawks responded. At this instant, the crew of the San1CUlotte became desperate. Her anchor was cast ; she had no room to swing round ; and her stem lodged on the rocks : by which manceuvre the captain of the privateer endangered both his own and his enemy's vessel, whose destruction he con templated by it. But it had been foreseen and provided against by the commander of the Hawk; and, accordingly, in an instant every stitch of


TBB ADVBKTUBBI OF .A CJtBOLE '15 moss, ave her ftying-gib, was Jet go, etreaming ia the light air, which, as the pilot had foretold, bad nearly died away. She ran down the pueage with a gentle conne ; her kedge, or etreamanchor, being thrown over her stem, just brought her up u her bowsprit came within a few feet of the lugger, whose crew had abandoned her and 900ght refuge on Prune Rock ; while the steady aeamen of the Hawk, with eweeps and pan, kept their ship off the rocks on both sides of the creek. In less than a minute, a part of the Hawk's crew were on board the privateer. These active fellowe soon cut her cables and warped her off the rocks. One of her boats was lowered over her bows, by which she wa11 safely towed into the open sea, followed by the Hawk. Fortune favoured the enterprise. Had the wind, contrary to Sayeb's calculation, not languished into a calm, the injury, if not the de1tructioo, of both vessels would have been in emable ; but the knowledge of the weather which the fishermen amongst the Grenadines poasess, is astonishing. The parties who now go shooting amongst the islets, view with wonder this passage, rendered memorable by the captare of the Sanscu lotte. The Mahomedan slave having assured Ro-

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76 WARNER A.RUNDELL : therham that the crew of the lugger could not escape from the rock, on which there was not a drop of water to be found to sustain life, the latter gave himself no trouble at all about them ; but, in the evening, they appeared, hailing the Hawk, and hoisting a shirt on a stick, and then lowering it by way of signal of surrender. They were soon brought off, guarded by a few marines. On the arrival of the prisoners on board, our captain wished to speak to them ; but not. one of them understood English. Pass the word," said Rotherham, for any one on board who can parley vouze Frans:ais. No one answered, until I stepped up and said, I could speak French. The fact is, I spoke the jargon called in these islands, creole French," a lingo principally made up of corrupt French, but mixed with Spanish, and English words. However, this patois is the mother tongue of about a million and a half of people in this part of the world. Fortunately for my credit as a linguist, most of the privateer's men had been long enough amongst the islands to learn the lingo alluded to, so that I did duty as a good interpreter. I pleased the commander, and the crew, and myself, by shewing I was of some use on board. To use a creole expression,

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TBB A.DVBJCTUBBI OP A. C&BOLB. 77 "I looked on myself as somebody." I became mcb a favourite with the offi.cers and men, that it was said of me, and a great Newfoundland dog on board, that "we were in everybody's mess, but in nobody's watch."

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78 'lff ARK BR ARUNDBLL : CHAPTER IX. Near fair SL Vincent, quite unknown to fame, An ialand atanda, and Bequia ia ita name." Lina It& rfw St, YillClftt Oourr1. IN the course of the afternoon, I overheard a conversation between Lieutenant Rotherham and the black pilot, which made a strong impression on my mind. The lieutenant was so pleased with the man's conduct, that he proposed to him to buy his manumission, provided the pilot would volunteer to serve in the Hawk ; to which the negro objected. He frankly, but respectfully, told Rotherham, that he did not wish to change one kind of slavery for another, -for in such light the negro regarded the discipline of a man of-war. Any service he might be considered to have rendered as a pilot, he would thankfully receive payment for on his a1Tival at St. Vincent: "But as to my freedom," added the pilot, "that I shall obtain when it pleases Allah to take my

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TBB AJ>V&llTU&BS O .A C&BOLB. 19 yoang master from a troublesome world." The tone or deep devotion with which the negro said this, interested the commander and other ofticera, who proceeded gradually to draw from him his hie&ory i of which I shall give, as concisely u pollible, the particulars. Sayeb was a Mandingo ol the tribe called FoWa/u; he had been captured in war, and hurried down to the mouth of the Senegal, and there embarked on board of a slaver. He reaolred, rather than remain in the hands of Caffea (heathens), to commit suicide; but, conceiving it would be sinful to mutilate one of Allah's chosen creatures, be resolved to kill himaelf' by abstaining from food, and actaally remaiiled without taking any sustenance for three da19 ; nor could persuasion, threats, nor force, caose him to change bis resolution, until the sargeon of the vessel, who spoke the corrupt Arabic of his race, di88uaded him from it, by eonriocing him of the sinfulneea of aelf-destruc tion. The medical man promised him his friend lhip: this promise he kept. During the voyage he distinguished him from the rest of. the slave1 on board; and aever obliged the Mahomedan to eat or drink aught forbidden by the Koran. On the arrival of the cargo of hwna C
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80 WA.BNBR A.RUNDELL: at St. Vincent, the doctor settled in the island, and bought Sayeb, whom he made his confi dential domestic. This confidence was well merited by the grateful African. Sayeb took unto himself a wife of his nation, by whom he had several children. On the breaking out of the Caraibe war, the savages, and their scarcely more humane com rades, the French brigands, murdered S&yeb's wife and children, together with the family of his kind master, save one child, who concealed himself in a cane-piece. Having one common cause of enmity, Sayeb and his master fought bravely, side by side On one occasion the slave was desperately wounded, and the master stood over the disabled negro, and bravely kept him from falling into the hands of the barbarous foe ; on whose retreat, the surgeon carried him off in his arms. Sayeb recovered from his wounds; but his master, during the progress of the war, received a ball in his body, which decided his fate. Ere he died, the. Mahomedan swore to protect his only child : this vow be faithfully performed. He worked for the child as though it had been his own son. So sueceseful were his labours as a pilot and fisherman, that he gave his young master a good educatjon. Poor Sayeb

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TRB A.DVB1'TURB8 OP A. CBBOLB. 81 eould himself read little Arabic, and was, therefore. not unacquainted with the advantage of lettera. It had pleased Allah," he uid, to visit his young master with a dreadful afBiction." In fact, the poor boy bad that most loath90me and incurable malady -the leprosy, and was obliged to go and live remote from man, on the little islet called Petty Nevis;" but his faithful Mahomedan never forsook him, nor ever allowt>cl him to want for any thing which the negro could procure, or the diseased youth required. The story of poor Sayeb affected the com mander and oflicers of the Hawk to much, that, in addition to a handsome gratuity for his services, a liberal subscription was made for hi" benefit, in which most of .the seamen joined, when informed of the affection the poor slave had evinced for his afflicted master. \Vhat a pity," said the surgeon oC the t"essel, who was a Scotchman, so good and sensible a man should be doomed to perdition on account of his being a Mahomedan l I was at that time little of a theologian-I am not now a pn>found one ; but I then thought, and have since continued to think, that the man who conscientiously folJows the religion of. bi11 fathers, and fulfils his duties to his God and to E2

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82 W .A.RNBR ABUlfJ)BLL : hia fellow-men to the best of his abilities and limited knowledge, will never be doomed by his merciful Creator to eternal perdition. Night came on, the winds were light, and the Hawk, with her prize in tow, glided on amongst the Grenadines. The silver moon threw her trembling reftection on the deep blue sur face of the Caribbean Sea, and made the salt crowned rocks and islets appear covered with a robe of whiteness. When I first beheld in Eu rope a winter lllnd8C11pe, with its clothing or snow, it reminded me of this scene. After ki88ing my nurse, and begging her ble88ing, I retired to my berth. I beard the long-drawn Allahoo" of the Mandingo negro, as he, with mellow voice, chanted his evening prayer to the God of Mahomet. The tones of hie devotion had a solemn effect even on those who knew not one word of that most magnificent language, Arabic. At length the copious prayers of the Ma homedan set me asleep; and that, too, so soundly, that it _was not till I awoke the next morning, that I became aware or' a severe tempest that had overtaken the Hawk in the night, and con siderably damaged her sails and rigging, as well as those of her prize.

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TBB AD ... B1'Tt1a.E8 OP 4 CHO. 83 The little wand called Beqoia being under oar lee, our commander r&D into ita fine harbour, ealled Admiralty Bay, to reit. In thil ialuul there lived, and I hope still lives, a family bearing my paternal name ; one of whom invited my nurse and myself to pass our time on shore at W. houae, whilst the Hawk refitted. Bequia owns the completest pecimeo of white creoles that I have ever met with in the W e1t Indies. These live at the west end of the island. They are a &lender race, with ftaxen hair, keen grey eyes, deeply sunk in their orbits, with skins as white as chalk, save where the l1ID baa freckled them ; and the freckles in their faces and hands bear as great a proportion to the white parts as the bolea in a crumpet bear to the eTen part of the cake. These freckles give them a kind of pepper-and-salt coloured complexion. They have just as mdch muscle as prevents the sharp edges of their bones from catting through their skins; but this muscle js u tough and dry as whip-cord. They are a hardy, active, hospitable, and thoughtleu raee, who indulge in intemperance without a headacb, enjoy indolence without ennui, and are pug nacious without being malicious. F.ach family of them bas one or two slaves, who live on tenns of equality with it. They

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84 WJ.BNBR A.RUNDELL I cultivate a little cotton and provisions ; or, aa they call it, bread-koind ; but their principal dependance is on their fishing, the finny tribe that swim around their island plentifully supplying their tables. Their best friend, however, is the hawk's-bill turtle, the shell of which is hoarded up by them; and once a-year, or oftener, the head of the family procures a passage on board a drogher to St. Vincent, where he disposes of it. It then finds its way to England, where it is called (I know not for what reason) tortoise shell." With the proceeds of this shell, the Bequian buys a quantity of lines and cords, suf ficient to keep his nets in order, and as much dry goods as. his family requires ; and with the residue of his cash he purchases a puncheon of liquid fire, commonly called rum, with which to give a jollification." This only finishes with the contents of the cask, after which he spends two or three days in allowing a few wounds on his cranium to heal, and then soberly recom mences his cotton cultivation, his fishing, and his turtle-catching. The destructive and irreclaim able vice of solitary intoxicl\tion is foreign to his habits. Their dance is peculiar to them: they use two or three negro drums, beaten with the hands; and these produce monotonous notes, to which

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TBB A.DVEMTURBS OP A. CBBOLB. 85 they dance with more agility than grace, though not entirely without the latter. The male dancers carry what they call a beau-stick, which is a heavy piece of cinnamon-wood, not thicker than that which the humane law of England allows a man to beat his wife withal, and about thirty inthes in length ; and with this beau-stick, they, at irregular intervals, strike at each other, still keeping time to their rode music. The person struck at generally is active enough to ward oft' the blow; otherwise, the only check the stick receives is on its encounter with the head, limbs, or body of the party aimed at, who takes the matter in excellent part, retaliating on the Etriker, or tiring a lick" at some other person near him. The dexterity displayed in warding otr blows, and the good-humour shewed when they receive them, are astonishing. As the ta.ffia (new rum) circulates, the mirth and fun grow fast and furious ; the combat darkens, the blows thicken, sticks and heads rattle; until, amid laughter, the lights are ex tinguished, and thwack! thwack! thwack! re!Ounds, each laying about him without seeing, knowing, or caring whom he strikes. Those whose heads are made of penetrable stoft' now make a rush towards the door, or bolt through the eides of the fragile, wattled house. All this

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86 W AU88 ABtJN.l>JILL : is done in the beat poasible temper. Such are the humoure of a west-end Bequia jollifica tion." The cotton-planters of Bequia have a high notion of honour; and this I shall beat exemplify, by relating the particulars of ao encounter I "itnessed. A Bequian, named Derrick, was caulking his boat, aided by his negro. They had been quar relling, as it appeared; for, as I came up, the African said, You take 'vantage ob me, 'cause me is one poor slave; 'spose me been free, you no go tell me so." What!" said the master, throwing down his caulking-mallet, do yon raaly think I'd tell a slave what I'd be afraid to say to a free man I'll put myself on a footing with you, as I would not own a man I am afraid of. Come on," Mid the cotton-planter, putting himself in a boxing attitude; if you behave. like a coward, I'll flog you like a dog ; but, if you licks me like a mao, I'll give you a joe.'' I call on you, little buckra," said the slave, addresaing me,-" I call on you to be my wickedness (witness) tbat maasa wants me for fight him. Remember this, if it come before justice.'' A johonnH, eight dollan.

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TBB ADTDTURB8 OP A C8BOLB. ff1 At hearing this, the cotton-planter looked a ..Wime picture of Grenadiae rage and. olfendecl dignity. y oa infernal blood or a -1 when did you eTer know me, Jack Den-ick, to be Cond of jutice? (he meant law). Put down your mallet, and fight like a man Fight they did, but not like men ; they fought like enraged built. Ac velut ingenti Sita, summ09'e Tabumo, duo conversis inimica inpnelia tauri Frontibua incurrant."-V1aG1i.. Each looked scowlingly at the other, and then walked back several pacee, with their chins rest ing on their breasts ; and then, at one and the IEDe instant, both MHhed forward, their organs o( combativeness (situated opposite to where Gall p111Ce8 them), encountering with a most Tiolent lbock. Some yeal'8 after this, I heard an officer rt!COUDt that, at the siege of Badajos, two shells, fired from opposing batteries, met mid-way in their flight, burst, and spread destruction around them ; on hearing which, I tbongbt of the encounter of the heade of Jack. Derrick and his elave. The simile, however, was incomplete ; the hells burst, but the craaia were of a leu fragile material.

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88 W AR!fBR ARU!fDBLL : Dire and long was the conflict ; the heads, knees, and unshod feet of the combatants, were much used, but their hands very little, save when each tried to get hold of his opponent's ears; in order, as he expressed it, to butt M.a brairu out!" During a pause in the fight, a brother planter, oa.med Simmonds, brought Derrick a large. glass of grog, who drank half of it, and then, with a chivalric air, handed the remainder to his slave, saying, Here, drink half with me. I'll take oo advantage of you; I'll beat you fairly, or you shall me." The grog finished, the ram-like encounter recommenced. The African bad the more strength, but the creole the more activity, of the two : the black possessed better wind, but the white more bottom. At length the Bequia l\follineux fell, and de clined further combat; on which his master, after kneeling down and inspecting his bleeding head, bid him .go to his mistress and get his wounds aud mouth washed with rum; cautioning him not to swallow more than a mustard-phial of it, and further advised him to pay his skull with glue. The negro went; on which Derrick threw off his light cotton dress, took a bath in the sea, dressed, and went to his wol'k, as if nothing had

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TBB ADVBl!fTtJRBB OP A. CRBOLB. 89 happened to him; but, by this time, hie spouse had appeared on the late scene of action. Is this the way you treats your poor slaver said the enraged virago. "You only has one neger to fetch your children a pail of icaater, and you beats his head till its as as a boiled pumpkin!" "No such thing," replied the husband; I fought him fairly ; he is made of good stufF; I would not take a hundred joes for him." But, not wishing to hear any more of this aft'air, I now passed on.

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90 W 4R.RER 4JU7Xl>BLL : CHAPTER X. Ibn gt es eey nichta al glluck, Zn uegen ohne die talrtik ; Dotcb beMer obne taktill: iegen, Als mit denelben unterliegeo." TTaouu So110. Taa Hawk having been refitted, we embarked, and stood out of Admiralty Bay to cro88 the channel to St. Vincent ; but, the wind proving contrary, we had a long paS88ge across that rough channel. Mr. Allardice of Canaan was on board, and entered into conversation with the commander on the subject of the late Caraibe war in St. Vincent, as both had been acthely employed in that affair. The lieutenant severely criticised both the con- Thia may be done into Engliab tbu : Yon aay 'tia nought but luck alone Make thOM beat whom no tactic mown; Better, without, the foe to beat, Thau with tbo1111 taotic:a to .reuwt."

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TBB A.DVB'RTURBS OP A. CRBOLB. 91 duet of those who commanded the militia and the regulars during that war, in marching with their drums beating, and their colours flying, to fight a savage enemy who crouched like Coses, and glided like serpents, from their foes ; yet, at unespected times, darted like rattlesnakes upon their less vigilant, but better disciplined enemy. Whenever," said Rotherham, the lobsterhleks beat, it wu owing to their courage; but wheneTer the darkies and brownies got the better, it was caused by the soldiers fighting with tactics lpinst a cunning enemy who defied all tactfe1, and against whom tactics could be of oo avail." From talking of the war generally, they spoke '4 many events and anecdotes that each, and 101Detimes both, had been concerned in. One of those occurrences was the taking and retaking of Dorsetsbire Hill, a fortress on a mountain which eommanch Kingston, the capital of St. Vincent, in which affair the commander of the Hawk had borne a conspicuous part. I will relate it, at nearly aa I can recollect, in Rotherham's own words:-" It was midnight the Hawk was anchored of Fort Charlotte, and I was waiiing on the goYernor for orders; when his son, Colonel Seton, rmbed into the room panting for want of

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92 W A.RNBR A.RUNDBLL : breath (like a grampus coming up to blow), with his face begrimed with powder, as sooty as Jack in the dust, and with three musket-ball boles through his hat. What are you doing here?' said the go Dorsetshire Hill is taken said the colonel. What! Doreetshire Hill taken by a set of undisciplined savages; while a son of mine, with a regular force, had the charge of it!' We fought,' said young Seton, while our ammunition lasted ; we killed twice our own number, and then charged our way out of the fort with our bayonets.' Dorsetshire Hill taken!' again cried the old man. 'The wretches must never remain in poeeeasion of it until daybreak, or ihe island will be lost. You shall have plenty of ammunition ; Foster's Regulars, Whytell's Militia, and Seath's Rangers, shall assist you. Return, sir, and ere day allows the savages to look down on Kingston, exposed to their mercy, retake the fort Do this, or never more return.' My men,' said the colonel, are dis heartened and exhausted.' Dare a son of mine,' said the old man sternly, rising from his seat, -' dare a son of

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THE ADVB1'TU1lB8 OP A CBEOLB. 93 mine stand there, when I bid him begone to retrieve his lost honour ; and start obetacles, when it ia hia duty to devise expedients 1 Have I begot a coward to disgrace my old age ? "'Coward!' proudly echoed the son, casting a look of offended pride at the old man, and leaving the room. "The governor looked after his son, then clenched his hands, and strode across the room several times : at length he paused suddenly, and e:rclaimed, He will fall! my boy will perish I .My BOD, the prop of my age, I have sent on a murderous expedition, whence he will return no more. But it. is no fault of mine : my honour his own honour requires the sacrifice : yet, would to God we bad not parted in anger!' "At thia juncture I ventured to speak to him; bot scarcely could I say, Your excellency,' when the old man turned round, and looked surprised and displeased at my having been in the room to notice his agitation. Well, air,' said he, sternly, what do yoK want?' "' Merely,' aaid I, to ask your excellency's permission to allow me to join Colonel Seton with the seamen of the Ha.wk; we may be of 10me use to him.' You have my permission,' said the old

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94 WAJtNBR ARUWDSLL: man; 'it is an excellent idea; perhaps you may save my son -I mean, take the fort.' He then grasped my hand ; and I hastened from his presence, and in a crack collected my lads. With the permission of young Seton, I led the way, we having a negro guide before us. At each step of the ttteep track leading from Kingston to Dorsetshire Hill, we expected to meet a sentry on the look-out, but the devil a man did we meet. The fact is, the Caraibes and brigands, after the capture of the post, found a large cargo of spirits stowed away, with which they spliced the main brace ; and were as merry and as tars at Portsmouth Point after taking a Spanish galleon. We could hear their songs and laughter a mile oft'. They had entirely forgotten to set the watch on deck ; so up we went until we reached the ramparts, where we perceived a black Caraibe three sheets in the wind, who staggered from a sentry-box, carrying a gun athwart his shoulder as a milk maid carries her yoke. As agreed, we all fell flat on our faces ; while Bill W eigbton, our boatswain, advanced, with the intention of get ting the weathergage of the sentry, and clapping a stopper on his muzzle before he could give the alarm. Bill was a humorous fellow : he was 1uch a mimic that he could imitate 'any voice or

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TBB .A.DTBtn'UBSS OP A CREOLE. 95 &1111Dd. He had blackened bi& face and his bands ; and as it was that part of the West India day which is darkest -I mean, just afore twilight appears -be might have passed oft' well enoagh for a black nigger. So he advanced on &h Caraibe. "'Whacomedat cried.the half-dnink eavage. 'Stop da 'spose you stand, me chuck (&tab) you; 'llp088 you nm away, me shot a you I Let me see wba you go do.' to threaten to bayonet a man if he stand, and to shoot him if he run, is to place a man in a quandary, or, a.11 our schoolmaster aed to call it, a dilemma ; aod so Bill IDlwered the darky in bis owo jargon, coolly crying out: Me no da stand, me no da run, but me da come for bring you a lille (little) taffia.' "' Ah!' answered the savage, him bin de right tuft' (stuft").' Dat you go koow when yon taste um,' laid Bill, handing the savage a large flask of ttrong rum, without which the boatswain teldom left the Hawk. The Caraibe grounded bu musket, took the ftask, put it to his thick lips, and wu taking a long pull; but, while the liquor 1fU glucking down his throat, Bill seized hia neck with the force of a screwjack. I heard

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96 WARKER ARUNDELL: a kind of a gurgling noise, as the strong rum, and stronger gripe of the boatswain, choked the Indian ; and a blow from my cutlass settled the fellow, who fell without a groan. \Ve passed without noise into the fort, and surprised the enemy in the midst of their carousal. It was no fight-it was a mere regular slaughter ; and in a few moments the fort was cleared of the enemy. As day appeared, we hoisted the colours of Old England on the flagstaff; and, as the morning-breeze fanned the ensign of St. George, we hailed it with three cheers, which were replied to from below by the inhabitants of Kingston, who were overjoyed to see the fortress again in the possession of their countrymen. Twice, during that night, had Dorsetshire Hill changed masters. Never shall I forget the meeting of the old and young Seton. The colonel looked proudly, yet affectionately, at his father ; and the old man so far forgot the soldier, that he wept li.fe a father on seeing m safety his wronged but victorious son.''

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TBB ADVBlfTUllBI OP A CBBOLB. 97 CHAPTER XI. Tboa, too, woald crowd the lonl1 _., Delighd'ul prdea of the Wt ; CllU th1 .a-., thy n11.,. rr-. Majeetic ia th7 woody crest." &a...., Oii ru TH wind at length favoured us ; we pueed the frowning rocks and batteries of Fort Charlotte, and entered Kingston Harbour, a beautiful and deep bay, well protected by that fort, and one on the opposite side, bearing the poetical denomination of" Fort Old Woman." Donetshire Hill guards the town to landward. The fim view of St. Vincent's is magnificent : noble mountains rise in masses, each higher than the one before it ; until the mountains of the centre, crowned with mists, seem to look down with majesty upon the subject hil1a around, which gradually decrease in height, until they 'fOL. I. p

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98 W.lRNBB .lBUNDBLL: approach the Caribbean Sea, whose deep blue waves fling their snowy foam, conch-shells, sponges, marine eggs, and white coral, at their feet. The fertile plains and vales are hidden by these mountains, which have perpetual verdure : yet, owing to the cultivation of their bases, sides, and even summits, and the ever-varying kaleido scope of light and shade caused by the shifting clouds, the surface of this island bas a singu larly party-coloured appearance ; and, when the traveller looks from its elevations, his eye is gratified with the sight of the Grenadines, which, although no longer fertile, are so beautifully placed and so fantastically formed, that they heighten in an eminent degree the beauty of the sea-view ; while a hundred veseels, sailing among those countless islets and rocks, appear like gigantic bees hovering about their hives. Lieutenant Rotherham having borrowed a pony for me, we rode in company over several parts of the island : we visited the botanical gar den, established, at a vast expense, by govemment, but abandoned subsequently, to the reproach of the genero'UI inhabitants of St. Vincent. We made an expedition to those fertile plains in that part of the island called the Caraibe country, and then newly brought into sugar cultivation: we inspected the awfully grand and tremendoua

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TRB .4D\'DT11RB8 OP A. CRBOLB. 99 enter ealled the Soufriere, which, a few years after this, opened ita terrific jaws, and blew from its infernal throat a burning flood, which spread ruin over the island, and aff'right amongst the windward Caribbean islands. We also climbed to the summit of the mountain ealled the Bon-homme, preceded by a negro guide, who called our attention to a brief but very pleuing song of some invisible bird ; our cicerone informing us, that, although this &00g wu ever heard on the Bon-homme, and no where elle, yet, 80 shy was the eongster that it never wu eeen by human eye : indeed, our guide espre&led IOIDe doubts of its being a bird at all. I uked him if he thought it wu ajunaby (spirit). May be," responded the negro; although llOllle think it a little snake, and others eay it is a lizard : but, whatever it is, its eong is ever '1eard here, and no one ever saw the singer." Whether this tradition, which is pretty gene.rally believed, be, or be not founded in fact, I can not determine. To me the proverb of the I aell the story for the same price I bought it." The invisible songster would form an escellent subject for a poem, to any one capable of writing it. Mentioning poetry reminds me of an eooen- A g....u -or a Tolomics 111011Dtam in the Wiit Inda

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\ }()() WAR1'BR .ABUMDBLL: tric character whom we met while riding from Caliagua to Kingeton. He was a middle-aged man, of rather corpulent form, abort, with little fat bands, t1hort feet, and high insteps, as though balls of Oeeh had been added to them; 9.Dd, on the whole, hie peraon bad more &he appearance of a globe than of any thing human I ever beheld. Hie dreee was ei"aular, and most inappropriate for a West Indian climate; it consisting of a green round jack.et, buckskin ineapreeeiblee, top-boots, and a little round wig : hie fat cheeks, and aol dier' e alJowaoce of mouth, appeared to have been often moved by mirth ; and hie little gray eyes seemed to correspond with hie risible featW'e8. Altogether, hie visage declared that he was Do child of wo ; but, on the contrary, that be looked on the world as pleasantly as tbymetere generally do. Real poets appear to be a care-wom race ; but, in general, poetasters live on ucellent terms with themselves. The former think profoundly, to please others ; while the latter thiok, super ficially, to please themselves. Rotherham asked this original the road to Kingston, who immediately answered," To Kingston, the road 11 easily lieod ; Mark but this track, the way it goe., Open your eyee, and follow your noee.

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TBB ADVB1'TUB1l8 OP .i CRBOLB. ]OJ Elease me, lir ; but, baTiog the gift of nrsifieation, I eometimes ue it too frequently I, air, look through nature up to nature's God,' not through the green spectacles of but through tile tele&cope of divine poesy." The lieutenant complimented him on hie ready rhymes, as well as on hie apt quotation. "TMiey air," 1aid the poetaster, I han read a little ; and, as for rhymes, I can make one of'hand for any word in the Eoglih language Can you make a rhyme for lliloer ?" asked Rotherham. The man of ver1e now checked the mule be JOCle, paoaed for about fifteen seconds, and then demered the following 1tao1& :" Winter clothes Albion with lilMT, Unlike the hot clime of this isle ; Fleecy looks the land until "1"-Dure of spring makes nature 1mi1e." "Yon eee, sir," said the poetic tailor (for such he wu), The poet eye in a line Crenzy rolling,' often glances at a lucky thought." We were now joined by a gentleman whom the lieutenant recognised aa a phy1ician, and who aalnted us, and then aid to the man of rhyme,-

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102 W .&.RNBR ARUNDBLL : "Well, Dickson, you are, I suppose, enter taining the lieutenant, and delighting this young gentleman, with your verses?" Yes, doctor," was the reply ; I left no calling for this idle trade, for I stick to the shop. But who, to dumb forgetfulness a prey, This pleasing anxious being ere resigned, Left the warm precincts of the cheerful day, Nor left one poem, verse, or rhyme behind?" I know not," said the doctor, whether to admire most your extemporary rhymes, apt quotations, or judicious alterations : but what, Dickson, makes you wear that hot dress, and, above all, that wig, during this sultry weather?" Habit, sir, habit all dress is habit (ha ha! a good one that); but I've wom a wig ever since I left home: I believe there is more in a wig than you suppose. Why, sir, I believe our colonial judges would be wiser, and our lawyers more learned, if they wore wigs: bow graTe and lion-like the lord-chancellor looks in bis wig and, captain, even your profession might be ren dered more noble in appearance by wearing peri wigs, as every one knows who has seen that beautiful specimen of art, the monument of SU: Cloud@ley Shovel. What can look more graceful

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TBB .A.DVBNTUJlBS'OP A C2BOLB. 103 than the figure of the admiral, thrown on shore Crom the wreck, with bis immense periwig on his head? I wrote a poem on the degeneracy of the uavy, since seamen left oft' wearing wigs, and substituted little pigtails. It begins thus : Sir Cloadesley Shovel looks BO big, In his full Bowing periwig; Not such rata -tails as they wear now, Sticking out at their ears like the bristles ofa 10w." The doctor now spurred his hol"Be into a trot, evidently to get rid of the rhymes of the tailor, for he seemed to be inclined to proceed to a great length with his poem. The lieutenant spurred bis hone into a canter; my little pony got into a gallop; while the tailor whipped bis mule to keep up with us, at the same time continuing to recite his beautiful venes -but at length ceaaed, either through lack of breath or verses ; en which the doctor pulled up hia hone, and we followed his example. The tailor now turned up a little road to leave WI ; but, before he did so, said, Good bye, gentlemen : if you should visit Kingston morrow, be at the court-house ; my action against Rose comes on. I plead my own cause; and that impudent little fell ow, Carr, is opposed to me: he threatens to cut me up; for, e'en

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104 WARNER ARUNDBLL: though vanquished, he can argue still.' I've not forgotten his conduct during the Caraibe war. Full for measure I'll give to this knave, Ir he makes me a butt, why, 111 give him a 6law !" The little tailor now left us. A singular character this," said Rotherham. He is as siugular as be seems," replied the doctor : I served with him during the Caraibe war, and must say, in spite of the proverb which makes tailors ninth-parts of hu manity, that he is a good man; a braver little fellow never drew trigger. He kept our detach ment alive, with his doggrel verses and mis applied quotations. The lawyer be talks of as about to oppose him is a scurrilous dog, and, withal, a coward. On the night of the famous affair of Dorsetshire Hill, be was, as the marshal says, non e1t inventUB.' We might have con cluded be had been killed, but that we knew him to be too great a poltroon to expose himself. What bad become of him no one could con jecture, until the poetical tailor dragged him out from under a newly-tarred canoe, amid peals of laughter. This, Carr bas never forgiTen; and, no doubt, to-morrow will give the man of rhymes a severe handling, for old enmity's sake; but he'll get what the tailor calls measure

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TBB A.DTB1'TURB8 OP .&. CREOLE. ) 05 fur measure: If yoo have time, I'd advile your being at the trial." We took the doctor's advice, and next day went to the court-house. As I do not write theee memoirs merely for the West Indian reader, I shall often be obliged to paUl!e in my narrative, to give to those who have never visited these islands, explanations which such aa have resided here will find onneceasary. The latter have my full per1Pissio11 to pau ovet" any such explanatory p8888ges ; the generosity of which permission, to skip whole paragraphs, can only be appreciated by the karud; that is to eay, all who write that they may see tbeDl8elves in print. But now to my explanations. From time immemorial, it has been the custom to allow to the lawyers of these islands a latitude in abusing their learned brethren to whom they are opposed, u well as the suitors and witnesses, which the gentlemen of the long robe in Westminster Hall leldom indulge in. I know a contemptible little W1'etch here, who has not sufficient talent to make a respectable parish-clerk ; who bu too little honesty for ao exciseman; who has repeat edly been detected in the most nefarious trans actions; and who livea in the open violation of all the decencies of life,-I say, I have heard this P2

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106 W A.RNBB J.RUNDBLL : miserable creature utter the most revolting false hoods against the character of as honourable a soldier as ever bore his majesty's commission. I also knew an old gentleman of the bar, eo remarkable for the fluency, violence, and bitter ness or his invectives, that, 88 a last threat, it was common for an enraged dun to tell his close fisted debtor, If you do not settle your account, I will fee old to bwckguard you." Snch being the practice of the West India bar, it is not surprising that the parties abused often have recourse to what, in most places, is called club-law ; but what, in -St. Vincent, ia called cinnamon -law.' Thus are lawyers often exposed to serious quarrels ; and hence, to be a good advocate here, requires a man of some personal bravery; and it is not more necessary for him to study 'Tidd's Practice of Pleading,' than to practise at a mark is. Coke on Little ton,' and Wood's Institutes,' are scarcely as essential to him as are Mortimer's hairtriggers. These circumstances, and the diminutive size of legal libraries in the West Indies, gave rise to a proverb which mos thus : A lawyer's toola are,-' Blackstone's Commentaries,' and a brace of pistols I" A stick of cinnamon, or caw-tree, ia the weapon generally .. ec1 to convince lawyers that they are in the wrong.

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TBB A.DVBTUBB8 OP A. CREOLB. 107 John Felix Carr, the lawyer who was oppoeed to the rhyming tailor, po111e11eed little personal courage, as the story of his being dragged from aoder the fresh tarred canoe teatified ; but, whatever he wanted in that bravery which ia here ee&e11tial for the practice of law, he lacked not scunility. The action in which the man of rhyme wu plaintifF, wu to recover a sum of money for clothes made to order. An attempt was made to set op a defence on the plea of overcharge, but it (ailed: however, it aft'orded the defendant"s counsel an opportunity of speaking, which the latter shamefully abused: indeed, seldom have I heard BUcb a flood of invective aa wu poured out by Carr against the knight of the thimble. His dress, personal appearance, misapplied quotations, and, above all, his doggrel verses, were ridiculed most unmercifully; wheo, at length, the lawyer at down, having exhausted his copious vocabulary of BCUJ'rility. All eyes were DOW fixed OD the tailor, who pleaded hie own cauae. He roBe to make his reply, and, fixing a stem glance oa the lawyer, &aid," John Felix Carr, You run me very hard at the bar; But when I smelt powder, you smelt tar.''

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108 WARNBR ARUWDBLL: In an instant the tables were turned on the gentle man of the long robe : peals after peals of im moderate and uncontrollable laughter bunt from every part of the court-houee at this grotesque allusion to the well-known and lnekless canoe adventure of Carr. Spectators, lawyen, and even judges, joined in the general chorus of cachinnation: all save the tailor, and the person whose exploit t.he triplet celebrated ; the former eying the latter with looks of defiance and tri umph, while John Felix Carr indicated by hie appearance that he wished for a trap-door by which he might sink down to the antipodee. The poet's victory was complete-he gained his cause. Just as the nest trial commepced, the court was interrupted by a singular event. It was the last day of the week, and, as usual at this time of the war, beef was scarce and dear. For seyeral days before, an advertisement informed the good people of Kingston, that on the Satur day there would be slaughtered a cattk. This unfortunate cattk happened to be a superannuated bull, who, on the Island of Canaan, was the pa In the W 81t lndie1 the word catcl i1 not 1pplied to Ill tame 1oimab of puture, but ooly to the neat kind. The word i1 here ulled in the 1ingulv number: catll1, although not good Engli1h, i1 good creole.

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TBB .t.DVlm'ftJIUIS OP A CRBOLB. 109 tri.vdl or many a horned quadruped ; and the \)OOr animal, having eened his muter long, per hps conceived it wu not altogether correct to be dragged to the shambles in his old age. The coan of law stood very conveniently on the gronnd-ftoor of a house in the same square with the 11aughter-hoose : the bull, doubtless, thought be bad a right to appeal. t.o the ball or Justice; and 80 he broke his halt.er, Cl"Olsed the square at a gallop, and forthwith bllJ'8t into the courtbome, unid astonished judges, jurymen, lawyers, witnellle8, suiton, and the whole host ofwoollylaeaded auditory which generally attend a W eet Indian tribunal. Here was a scene easier imagined than de.cnDed ; here was a novel and unexpected plaintiff', that would not be brorD6"tna. The tables were turned in a literal sense, and with them their loads of papers and inkstands in one chaotic DW8; whilst lawyers, judges, and tpectatoN, rasbed oat of the doors, and sprang through the windows. The court wu cleared as quickly as though Beelzebub, i11 propri/I pe1"lon/J, had appeared t.o claim his own. This event was what Scotch lawyen would call a charge of lwrning. Most fortunately, however, it happened that the bull was neither guilty of assault nor battery ; he merely contented himself

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110 W A.RNBR A.RUNDELL : with appearing in court and protesting against his ill treatment, which he did by standing on the floor, lowering bis head, extending his tail, and lowing both loud and deep : perhaps he was cowed by the novelty of his situation. Several butchers soon followed him into the court, and tried to turn him out. He would not allow them to enforce their writ of kabe
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TBB .A.DVB1'T17Jlll8 OP A. CJlEOLB. J 1 J CHAPTER XII. "With haate To their known etation cbeerfull1 they go; And, all at once diadaining to be Jut, Solicit enry gale to meet the foe," DRY DH. I A.GA.IN embarked on board the Hawk, who wu ordered to cruise amongst the singular crescent formed by the Caribbean Islanda, fol" a week ol" two pl'evious to her going to Antigua. On the eighth day of onr cruise, while we lay ofF the insalubrious island of St. Lucia, we received information that a fine French brig of war, called Le Premier Consul, waa amongst the islands, upon which we ran down to the Saints," wheie we discovered a brig to leeward of us, which, as it afterwards appeared, mistook us for a merchantman, and immediately beat up to windward as if in chase of us. Rotherham manreuvred so as to keep the weather-gage of the enemy, and yet seem endeavouring to escape, which waa done to

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J ]2 WABHBR A&U1'DBLL; deceive the Frenchman, our commander judging that the brig of war could outsail us. Suddenly, when the veaeels were near enough, the Hawk altered her course and ran down to Le Premier Consul to engage her; upon which the latter, discovering her error, shewed a disposition to escape ; but, finding flight impracticable, she be gan the engagement by pouring a broadside into the Hawk, as the latter came within range of her guns. Prior to this, my nurse and myself were ordered into the cockpit: the order Mrs. M'Shain obeyed, but I evaded. There -was a lad on board of the name of Jack Thompson, a midshipman, and eon of the purser, who, although several years older than myself, was scarcely my height. Between us there naturally arose such a friendship as boys are capable offeeling. Just before I was ordered below we bad the following conversation:" Now," said be, Warner, we shall see glorious fun ; toe shall take the mounuers, see j( we don't. I am stationed here to see that the boys are smart with the ammunition : it will be such a lark!" But," said I, are you not afraid?" Afraid!" he ejaculated ; no; the mOIUUM"s are afraid of us When I heard a lad not my size declare that

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TBB .A.DTBWTUJlB& OP .A CllBOLB. } )3 the enemy was afraid of a, by which pronoun he included himself, 1 felt an inclination to see what he called the gl.orimu fun. I asked my friend i{ I could remain on deck. "To be sure you can ; the skipper won't notice you ; and if the JoA11:ny Crapea should board, 111 protect you Saying which, he touched hie little square dirk, and looked an inch taller. On deck I remained with Jack Thompson, to see what he called the larlu: but the enemy's broadside convinced me there was no fan in the matter; it drove three of our ports into ooe, aod killed and wounded Beveral men and one officer. "' Don't mind it, Warner," whispered the undaunted little Jack, on his observing me torn pale ; you'll see such a go just now." "Don't return their fire," said the com mander; let them go on, we'll pay them off juat now. Ready about; raise tacks and sheets; mainsail haul ; let go, aod haul. .. All these orders were given with coolneH, and obeyed with alacrity, while the enemy wu blazing at us. Round went the Hawk; and, while she lay with her waist.guns almost touching the stern of the enemy, she backed her main-topsail, and poured into Le Premier Consul a destructive broadside, the effect of which was murderous.

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J J 4 W AB JC BB .lBU1'DBLL : The enemy replied with two stem-chasers, but their effect was insignificant compared with that of the guns of the Hawk, whose position waa such that the artillery of her whole broadside swept the length of her opponent's deck; upon which the Frenchman strove hard to get from his dis advantageous situation, but this he did not effect until be was most severely cut up. Although a mere child at the time, yet I well recollect the sensation I felt on this occasion, when I fint saw the men strip themselves of every article of their clothes save their trousers, and gird their loins as tight as they could with their handkerchiefs, and heard them cheer, and the TILliant Jack Thompson eay, "Now we shall see a lark." I shared io the general excitement during the silence that immediately preceded the enemy's broadside ; I felt a sensation of awe and restless ness not easily described. I had no inclination to go below deck, but a kind of ne"ous wish to move about; not merely to get out of danger, for of that I scarcely had a clear idea. When the sudden flash, smoke, and burst of thunder, poured from the side of the French brig, my respiration was checked ; and, as I noted several of our men fall, and the moment after the lee scuppers run ning with blood, I felt a dizziness of head and sickness of stomach ; but no sooner did the Hawk

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TBB .A.DVBlf?URBS OP A CBBOLB, 115 retam her fire with a murderous raking broadeide oYer the enemy's stern, than I partook of the undaunted Jack's enthusiaam, and thought it "glorious fun." If courage consisted in mere in9eltll'bility to danger, boys would be more nliant tban men. Thrice the enemy attempted, in vain, to board : tlfiee, when the yard-arms of the hostile ehipe cl'Olled each other's decks; and once, when they bad iojudieioosly l'1ID their bowsprit into our midahipe. On thit lut occuion, they were not only repulsed with great lose, but raked again, with such murderoue eft'ect, that, after an ine6eetual attempt to sheer oft', and a brave, but 1lleleea resistance, Le Premier Consul haule.t down her tricolor, having three-fourths o her crew either killed or wounded. During the engagement, I stood by my little fiiend, the puner's eon. On one occasion I caught the eye of the commander, who called out to me, What do you do here, you little creole imp of darkne881 get below I" when something occurred which called oft' his attention from me, and I remained near the midshipman, reeolved, as Jack said, to see the fan out. Bot poor Mrs. M'Shain suddenly miaed me, and, amid the din of arms, inquired in a districted manner for me, of all who wen below

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116 W A.RNBR A.RUNDBLL : deck. These consisted of the surgeon, his mate, the wounded who required to be dressed, and such as were employed conveying them into the cockpit. She received no answer to her anxious inquiries, until the steward, having to support a wounded officer down to the eurgeon, told her that I was with Jack Thompson, on deck. The love for the child she had suckled now overcame all her womanly fears : she sprang on deck, caught me in her arms, and rushed toward the companion ; but, ere she reached this, a random mueket ebot from the enemy's veeeel prostrated her on the deck, a warm and bleeding corpse. Stunned by the fall, I lay some moments in her arme, covered with her blood; and, when I wu enabled to disengage myself, I stood up, and called upon my affectionate nurse not to mind the 1088 of a little blood, as the doctor would make her better-promising, if she would go below with me, that I never would leave her again : but she stirred not. I knelt down to kiss her; to do which, I raised her head, when her fixed and glazed eyes told me too well that she was dead. I .. ad seen the corpse of my poor father, and, child as I was, could recognise the ghastly visage of death. I knew she had died in the attempt to eave my life, aod telt that I was the cause of the mortal wound which deprived

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TRB A.DVBMTUBB8 OP A CRBOI.B. 117 1llJ orphan childhood of an dectionate nane, whoae friendship I needed, whole love for me equalled the love of a mother for an only in6mt, aad whom I loved as maeh u child could love mother. I clasped her warm, yet inanimate hand to my lips, held it there, and cried u though my little heart were breaking : the tears I at that time abed were the bitterest that ever moist.ened my cheeks, for they were the teal'I of grief', despair, and remorse. As this tramaetion took place at an important put of the engagement, it e8C8ped general ob senation. A few minutes, however, alter the enemy &truck, Lieutenant Rotherham diacoTered me weeping beside the body o( the poor Irish woman; which scene moved him to more eorrow than he expreseed for the slaughter of a consider able part of the crew of the vessel he commanded. All the Hawk's hardy men sympathised in this melancholy event; and even many of the brave prisoners who were brought on board, when idmned of the circumstances attending the death oC my poor nune, abed tears. After the engagement we were becalmed, and the body of my beat friend, together with thoee of saeb as had fallen in the engagement, were committed to the deep ; to be torn to pieces by those ghouls clthe ocean, the &harks; who, allured by the t11te_

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WARNER ARUNDBLL : The first evening I spent in St. John's, I was surprised at the cries of the negroes vending their wares ; some, who sold candles, calling out, with a creole drawl, Fine mould caandles hard like a tone! (stone) burn like wax (then, in wtto t10ee): half a bit and four dog4t a-piece and ever and anon another itinerant merchant would call out You want any prat?" meaning by the last word, sprats. Negroes have an utter aversion to the sibilation of our language, and hence they generally cut out all the S's while speaking English. A few days after my arrival, I was sent to a school kept by the well-known Tom Harris. The mention of this worthy's name will create in An tigua many a pleasing, and many a painful recol lection. Many an assistant judge, member of the house of assembly, and colonel of militia) will recollect bis lengtlly form, deep voice, and creole jokes ; nor will they easily forget the terrible quantity of tamarind-rods, kept in pickle in a Bristol tripe-jar, wherewith to coerce the obstre perous young West Indians to learn lessons. Harris was, to use a trite proverb, which he himself was fond of quoting, neither crab nor creole, but a true-born Barbadian." Why a Dog i1 a email copper coio.

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TBE ADVBMT't'BE8 OP A CBBOI.B. 121 Barbadian considen himself not a creole, it is in vain to inquire, for they have all the peculiarities which distinguish natives of the West Indies in a more eminent degree than any inhabitants of the Antilles. It has been observed of Lrother Jonathan, that, &om some peculiar anatomical conformation, be has an aversion to let that part of his body rest on a chair, which the chair-maker intended should occupy his handiwork. If this aversion resuJts from the physical conformation of the Yankees, then creoles in general partake of this peculiarity; for brother Jonathan is not fonder of cocking up his heels than is the genuine bomebred West Indian. Indeed, so indispensable to the West Indian's comfort is this posture, that an Antigonian having, late in life, for the first time visited London, where he was lodged in elegantly furnished apartments which bad door-windows, the creole, not finding his accustomed windowledges whereon to rest the keels of his feet,'' after in vain trying various positions and expedients in order to get into bis old easy attitude, he at last exclaimed, "What an uncomfortable room ; there is not in it even a place to cock up oae's legs!" I never iJaw a man who was fonder of elevating his heels above his head than was the respectable l'OL. I. Q

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12"2 WARNER ABUNDBLL: pedagogue, Harris. The moment the school wu dismissed, be would stretch himself on a sofa, raise his legs over its arms, so as to be at least eighteen inches above the level of his head, and then call out, Molly! come here, and scratch my head ; and you, Tom, rub my legs." On which, a bee's-wax-skinned damsel, and an ebony-coloured youth, whose nails were pared for the purpose, would commence applying fiic tion to his lower limbs and upper story, the titilation of which seemed to be to him a source of calm gratification, for he would lay for hours enjoying this process of dry-rubbing without changing a glance of his eye, or a muscle of his features, which all the while expressed tranquil delight. Tom Harris was extremely fond of news; not general political news, but the gossiping intel ligence of Antigua and the neighbouring islands, to obtain which be had the custom, on entering the school-room in the morning, of asking the boys, What news 1" when each scholar who had aught to communicate, in his turn stood forth to relate what he knew or had heard, or even some times invented. What news, boys? .. inquired he, the first morning I went to school; on which a coloured lad, named Dyer, said,-

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TBJI ADVB1'TURB8 OP A CRBOLB. J23 "Bruce's schooner, loaded with mol-booies, IDd eonsigned to Lightfoot and Hill, was yesterday wrecked oft' the Five Islands." Any other news?" asked the Yes, sir," said a tall youth, named Langton ; "Jut Thursday, in the court-house at Montserrat, Lawyer Daniele said something disrespectful of Tom Piper; and so, sir, he waited until the eourt broke up, and then broke the lawyer's head u he was going down the steps or the courthouse; and they were to go out when the Flying Yllh came away." "Any more news?" said our master. "Yes, sir," said a little black pupil, named Semper ; Sam Matthews, the poet, has made a ne" song about young Mr. Jepson, who is to be married to MiM Lightfoot, which be sung last night at his lecture on heads." "An excellent subject," eaid Harris; both the lovers stutter; should they marry, they'll At.itate before they have matrimonial differences, u neither or the parties use the paru of 1peec!& readily -ha, ha, ha l And here our preceptor laughed at hie own joke; and we, as in duty bound, laughed at his sally. A kind oC 1UCkereL

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124 'W A.RNBJl ARUNDBLL : "Any other news?" asked our dominie. "Yes, sir," said a young man, named Morgan, who was the ol
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TBB A.DTBICTURBS OP A. CREOLB. } whom nobody knew any thing about, came by his death, God knows how!' and so, sir, they buried him." I dare say," said oor master, that he was killed io a quarrel occasioned by drinking ; at all uents he was found in lupuw. I shall be cautions how I drink any of Sommersall and Sons' madeira, lest I should take a dose of Portuguese tincture of cooper. Any other news, bof?" A little boy now stood fomrd, and informed tbe pedagogue that Parson Audain, having heard that Mr. O'Halloran bad spoken slightingly of Cllle or the pm-IO'R'' privateers, that respectable cJerieal character came down from Dominique and horsewhipped O'Halloran, and that they were on the point of going out, when a Moravian brother, being shocked at the idea of a minister fighting, got the parties bound over to keep the peace. !' Is there any more news?" asked the dominie. Yes, sir," said a lad in a sailor's jacket and trousers; "Captain Morris has run away from the French prison in Guadaloupe." Captain Morris run away? impossible '' es.claimed Harris ; it was only the other day that he lost hie leg. How could a man, with only one leg, run away?"

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126 W AR!fBR ARU!fDBLL : He hopped away, sir: I saw him myself as I was coming to school; and see, sir, if he isn't coming this way I" Sure enough a middle-sized man, rather slen der, but remarkably well made, with a lively countenance and but one leg, entered the school room with a short, but hearty laugh, having neither crutch nor wooden leg, and holding a stick in his band, which he used more to flourish than for support. On entering he gave a loud cheer, in which our master and all the scholars joined. Morris had been the pupil of Harris; and the former was so delighted at meeting bis old master, that, with incredible agility, he hop ped over all the forms and desks, and, in a mo ment, was in the arms of his old preceptor, who was so delighted at seeing his pupil safe, that he gave the boys a holiday, although the greater part of us preferred stopping to hear Captain Morris give an account of his escape from the prison, which he did pretty nearly the following words :" You must have heard of my taking a hooker bound from Bordeaux to Guadaloupe, quite close to that island. I looked at her cargo, and found it made up of hams that hadn't as much fat aa would grease a marlingspike; vermicelli that looked quite wormy; sauMges as black and as

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TBB .A.DV.B'RTUllBI OP .A CRBOLB. J 'J:l bard u lignum vitE; olive-oil, and belly-vengeance claret. The old skipper as owned her cried so bard, that I was moved ; and so, said I to the old DWllll7', take your hooker and rot; get cargo into Point-Petre; but remember, don't let the governor know I am beating on and oft' here for at least twelve bo1l1'8 after you get in, which he promised to do, and then talked a great deal about recouoiumlce and Aounr; but no sooner did the old French beggar get in than he 'peached me. Well, on the information of the vermicelli captain, a large sloop-of-war was sent out after me; the breeze lasted long enough to bring her up, and then died away : there waa no sheering o&', eo at it we went, hammer and tongs. The llOllJUt'er bad three times my weight of metal, and four men for my one ; but I arn't the boy as ealls for quarters, when, as Jonathan says, I can go the whole hog.' I nail my colours to my mast; sink I may, but never while he bu the command, will Morris strike. u We worked round the moun&ur like a cooper round a cask, and I am sure I should have licked him, but, as luck would it, a chain-shot carried away my starboard pin, and I lay on the deck bleeding and stol}oed ; on which my lads got disheartened, and allowed the 11Wtlueers to fight 118 at long shot, when, of course, their heavier

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128 W A.B!fBR ARUlfDBLL : metal told so well, that we got dismasted, and my lads surrendered. I told them before we be gan the action, never to haul down their colollJ'8 ; but, both our masts being carried away, they said they had not gone against my orders in calling for quarters, because there were no colours to strike; they having come down when the masts fell. They took me into Basseterre, where a French doctor cut away and trimmed my limb. They treated us like dogs, which was a shame. I defy the naouuur1 to say that ever I ill-treated a prilloner; and Victor Hugues can tell that boatload after boat-load of French that I captured, have I sent to Guadaloupe. without ever asking a sous of ransom ; and as to humanity, I blew out the brains of J aoob Swainson, the Swede, becal18e he dared to take liberties with a French mamsel. But what did they do with me and my crew ? they sent us up into the belfry of an old church, where they fed, or. rather starved, us on black bread and S()Upe a l' onion, made with two buckets of water to an onion. When I got well, they said I might go about the island, if I'd give them my parole not to slip my cable; but I politely told 'em, I'd see them damned first; for that, though I had but one pin left, yet I would give them le9-bail-that I owed

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TBB .\DVB1'TURB8 OP .\ CBBOLB. J 29 them a grudge, and would pay them off in /wpl I Upon which they asked the interpreter what I meant; bat, Lard! the beggar couldn't tell ; for they have such a poor language, that they can't transiau, a good Enttlish joke into Freoeb. Bat to make abort of my &tory, they cooped me up with the :rest of the crew in the belfry, the door of which they kept barricaded. Once a-day they sent up a man in a buket, with our mieerabJe rations: they hoisted him up outside the cbuch, with a tackle and fall. One day, as die fellow stepped out of his basket, I jif'ed a lick at his head which stunned him, and I then emptied his basket and got into it. The man llelow took me for the man as went up, and lowered me down ; however, he soon found his lliltake, when he tried to seize me ; but I gave him a boz with my ltead in his vict1U1lli11g-office that upset him, tied and gagged him with his own rope, and then, hop, pop, bop, away I went, like a locust, at the rate of eight knots an hour. Bat the alarm was soon given, upon which I crept into a copse and hid until night, eating guavas to keep the deTil oot of my stomach. After it got dark, I partly crept and partly hopped towards the sea, where I found 1eveml canoes; but the Johnny Crape1W8, to preveat my getting oft', I suppose, had hauled them up a2

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130 WARN BR AR UN DELL : on shore ; besides which, they had set sentinels all along the coast. Howsomever, I crept under one of these canoes ; and, from time to time, I raised my back and coazed it towards the shore, some'at like a snail carries his shell. At length I got it to high-water mark; but a sentry, who walked fore and aft, kept such a sharp look-out, that I could not venture to turn it over so as to right it. I was much annoyed by a number of Guadaloupe hogs as came rooting under the canoe when they smelt me: those beasts are as lank as greyhounds. The negroes say our hogs are gentlemen, because they do not work; but that the French pigs are blackguards as are obliged to work hard for their own living. When the serjeant came to relieve the guard I took advantage of it; and, while they changed sentries, I capsized the canoe without being beard, got in, and shoved her oft' with my stick, and then broke out one of the thwarts, of which I made a paddle, using it first on one side, then on the other, Indian fashion. But the soldier heard this, and called out, Qui va IQ. l which waa a hint for me to say nothing, but get as far oft' as I could ; then bang went his gun, the ball whiz zing over my head : away I worked for life or death. I now heard and saw a crowd of soldiers,

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TS:B ADVB1'TURB8 OP A CBBOLB. 131 with ftambeaox, bellowing and llJCf'eing on the lhore, and in a minute five or six eanoes were after me, but their ftambeaux enabled me to see them, although they could not see me ; so, instead of pulling out to sea, I worked round a point, on which stood a BDl&ll battery, while they, on a wrong eeent, went out into the offing, bot at length returned in despair, upon which I notured with my canoe to sea. I wondered I wu not discovered from the fort ; but, as Cudjoe ys, night baa no eyes.' Guided by a star, I now paddled away for life, until with fatigue I fainted away. I moat have been insensible for several hours, for when I awoke, l found the morning was breaking; bow &omever, the tide, as the Lard would have it, had carried me out to &ea. I eaw an English frigate cruising within a mile of me, but I also saw about a dozen canoes leaving the shore in pursuit of me. What was to be done? 1 had lost my j_,.., paddle when I fainted ; but with pleasure I bind what I did not expect, that is, a pair or broad-bladed eculls, chained to the inside of the eanoe beside the rowlocks, which night hin dered me from seeing before. No time wu to be lost ; with a strong pull I broke the padlock A geaenl DUile for a negro, H Paddy i1 for an Iriabmaa.

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)32 WARNBR ARUNDBLL: which held the chain, and out went the sculls. In a moment l made my canoe leap from wave to wne, like a Hying-fish ; but some of the French canoes, having eight paddles, were gain ing on me, until one of them fired at me ; the ball, however, missed my head, and glanced oft' one of my sculls. This attracted the attention of the frigate; the first-lieutenant, who had the watch, at once guessed what was going forward, and, in a quarter-less-no-time, stood towards me. My eyes! how the canoes did take French leave of me when they saw the frigate stand towards the shore I got on board of her safe and sound, but almost exhausted, jllSt as the French batteries kindly told the captain that we were very nearly within the range of their guns." Such was the a.ccount given by Captain Morris, of an escape which, considering that but eight weeks before he had lost his limb, waa a surprising achievement. As this man was the most extraordinary privateersman known in those seas since the days of the bucaniers, I will pause in my narrative to give some account of him. He was a singular amalgamation of good and bad qualities; brave to recklessness, generous to prodigality, and, withal, a religious enthusiast. On one occasion, being oft' the French part of the island of St. Martin, the enemy from a rort

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fBB !DTBllTUBJIS OP A CRBOLB. )33 fired pieces of iron at his vessel, and carried away bis main-topmast. These, he B&id, were ucbristian shot, and for that reaeon swore be woWd, that night, carry away their flag-statr to replace hie mast. And he kept his word ; for that night he landed, stormed their battery, killed and wounded twenty men, brought otr their Sag-staff, and absolutely made a top-mae& al iL Repeatedly bu be been known to restore a prize because it had been bravely defended. When on shore, be was a constant attendant at ehnttb, where his piety, although somewhat Ollre, wu, to all appearance, sincere. Often have I eeen him in bis pew, with bis weather heaten countenance screwed up to three sharpe, in order that he might seem devout ; his boatswain-like voice giving the responses to the litany louder than the clergyman's. During the lenllon, he would rivet his eyes on the preacher, aud, at every period, utter a groan loud enough t.o distract the parson, and attract and disturb the attention of the whole congregation. On one occasion, a French refugee from St. Domingo having uttered some senseless obse"ation against Divine revelation, called him out, and, to prove himself a good Christian,

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136 "W AJUfBB A.RUNDELL : CHAPTER XIV. "Nothing like your real Trinidada." Ba11 Jo. AN event took place which called me from Antigua: my uncle George had lost his only daughter. Thia young lady was on the point of marriage with an officer of a regiment stationed at Trinidad. The lovers, while imprudently at. tempting in a gig to cross a stream,-which, at that time, was swollen by one of those floods so frequent in that island, were swept away, and not until the next morning were their bodies found, a mile below the ford, locked in each other's arms. This was a terrible blow to my uncle. He had a partner in his plantation, named Seiior Thomaso, a worthy creole Spaniard, who wrote to my Antigua friends the account of this melan choly event; and his letter advised my being sent immediately to Trinidad, as my uncle, who

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THE A.DYS1'TUBBS OP A. CREOLE. )37 WM a widower, had residing with him what ia hen. called a housekeeper, a French creole female, of mixed blood, although of a very wr complex.ion, called Fanchinette. This youag woman, Seiior Thomaso mere than hinted, bad obtained an improper aicendency onr my uncle &ince the death ol his '. o.nly daughter; which Meende11ey wa,_ likely to ab\tse. ThoJUIO, therefOrt, my being sent to in order to remiDd $J .nele tha' I was hll mural heir. I lllQ"t e:xplain that the term housekeeper, ia these iU&nda, is not applied to those steady, poli&ieal, female stewardeaeea, who so demo.rely aauge the domestic affairs of a family in England; far hm it. l\lany persona here, who keep no houses, keep houekeepers. My aunt took three weeks to consider the good advice of Seiior Thomaso, and then sent me to Trinidad. I was shipped on board a kind of yacht, called the Game Cock," belonging to a Mr. Warner, of Bequia; which vessel its worthy owuer had caused to be built and maintained for the purpose of taking him and his matchleu, yet ofteu matched, breed of cocks from colony to colony, in order that they might fight the chanticleers of nery island in the Caribbean sea. Mr. Warner, a very distant relation of my

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138 WARN BR ARUNDBLL: mother, was going to Trinidad, because he was told that some one there possessed the finest breed of cocks in the West Indies. He promised to take great care of me, and kept his word ; his attention to me was almost as unremitting as that which be bestowed on Iron-Beak," his fr.vourite cock, which, he said, had won for him more than four thousand dollars. Our voyage was very long, in some measure owing to calms, light and contrary winds ; but the principal cause of its length was this, -whenever the winds became bafBing, or died away, Mr. Warner landed on the nearest island, taking with him a coop of birds, and anxiously inquiring, if any person, of untainted blood, would sport a main? as be would not degrade his cocks, by allowing them to contend against those of people of colour, much less with those of persons of pure African blood. Altogether, we were no less than sisteen days beating-up from Antigua to Trinidad, in cluding the time lost in beating-up for matches at cocking. At before day-break, on the seven teenth morning of our protracted voyage, we made the northern shores of Trinidad. As the brief twilight illumined the horizon, I viewed this fine island, which appeared to me totally different from any other in the W eat Iodie11.

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TRB .A.DnnrrtJRB8 01' A CRBOLB. ]39 The other isJanda have, from the sea, a light verdant hue, while the northern mountains of Trinidad have a sombre appearance, on account oC their being clad from their bases to their very summits with gigantic timber of super-lumriant growth, whoee colossal columns 1upport endleee nrietiee of mOllel, wild pines, vines, tendrill, and parasites ; some depending from the venerable branches of trees of centuries, like immeme beards me.ming on the morning-breeze ; others, paruite plants. decking the sons of the mountains like party-coloured robes; some graeelol vines were entwined round a hundred trees, like magnificent fringes. Here and there the fan tastic limbs of the giant bombez ci8ba shook ite leaves above the surrounding ocean of foliage ; while the fig-tree, with its hundred trunks, twisted its agratefu' leans, like the convolutions of immense serpents, round its neighbouring trees, which soon must fall beneath its insidious embraces. The extraordinary means which this last wonderful tree uses to aggrandise itself, by destroying its neighbours, seem more to belong to animal instinct, than to mere vegetation. The Spuaiard1 call thleaY, wbicb at lint get aapport "-llllmJuDdiug ire., and then destroy tbem, lol i1f1Ntoa. The F.ncliala aegro. giYe them tbe 1poetical, but more bamorou llllleaf idtma (bugging cnole).

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140 WARNER ABUHDELL : While the mists of moming hang on these mountains, they have a sombre appearance, but it is the sombreness of uncultivated fertility. We made several ineffectual attempts to pass through the boca1,-passages formed by several am.all but beautiful islands, which rise abruptly from the flood, and stand, like bold sentinels, between Trinidad and the opposing point of Soutlt America, breaking the turbulent force of the and guarding the tranquillity of the noble gulf of Paria : without these isles roll billow of a roaring sea ; but within them, seem to: ripple the watere of a lake of Paradise; At length we aucceeded in getting through the boca, called Apes' Passage, into this magoi ficent gulf, in which the united navies of the world might safely ride at anchor. The sun .had risen over the silvery waters of Paria; the mists gradually formed on the mountain-tops, many rolling themselves into one, like extended lines of an army concentrating into columns. Slowly they ascended above the mountains' heads, as suming red and purple hues, and leaving the outlines of the extraordinary range to stand in bold relief to a sky of cerulean loveliness. The mountains of Trinidad differ in their form, as well as hue, from all others in the West Indies. The latter rise, range close above range,

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TUB A.Df'B.NTURBS OP A CREOLE. J4J to the centre of the island, where one mountain superior to the rest, which look as tho11gh they bad men, and were rising from the ocean. Trinidad is a square island, apparently an ampu tatioo Crom the great South American continent, and rent therefrom by some unrecorded convulsioa of nature. If this conjecture be correct, the range or mountains which extend across the northern side of Trinidad, in a direction from tast to west, must have joined a similar and cor range, which appears on the opposite com of Paria, and which traversed the whole continent of South America; being, in fact, the termination or the Andes. The centre of this island iB nearly flat, save that two hills gradually rise there,--one called Tamana, the other Montserrat. Towards the south, the land becomes undulating; and, at the southern extremity, hilly, but by no means mountainous, although tbeee bills are marked in the maps u inaccessible mountains." The explanation of whlch is, that the English have never made a sor of the interior of this ie.Jand ; but have coo tented tbemaelveswith merely copying the Spanish llllpl. The so"eyors who made these, although 1 Captain Columbine baa made a good suney of the north *8toftliia colony, the interior of ,.bicb is; to \bill clay, DDllllf. 'fJed.

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142 W ARUlfDBLL : they gave tolerably correct outlines of the coasts, and such few parts of the island as were inhabited ; yet, when they came to the uninhabited portions, with the characteristic indolence of their nation, they put down every hill that was fatiguing to climb, as "inaccessible;" and Mallet's map, from which all the rest are copied, although it impu dently pretended to be taken from actual survey, was a mere blundering transcript and translation of the Spanish map ; I say a blundering transcript, for the following most ludicrous mistakes appear in it : -In about one hundred places in the Gulf of Paria, of that correct specimen of hydro graphy, we see such notices as these, 14 break ers, 13 breakers, 12 breakers," &:c. Now, as any one, who has ever been in the gulf, knows you may as well look for icebergs there as breakers, they are puzzled to understand it : the fact is, the Spanish hydrographers put down all over the gulf" 14, 13, 12, not breakers, but brazoaAnglice, fathoms. For this mistake," says a late visitor of this island (Coleridge), he ought to have his head broke." The foregoing ridiculous error reminds me of one in Zuiiiga's History of the Philippines,' Sometime11"ftten brafor, but pronounced Tbe a, or f, in Spanub, ii pronounced nry like our tb.

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TBB ADVBNTURBS OP .& CRBOLE. 143 wherein the Sandwich Islands are called, Lo. 111111 tk Saa DWlc -the islands of Saint Duiak I Who would have imagined that Lord Sandwich would have been canonised as a saint t At the sun aroee, I saw a flight of more than ten thoosaod flamingoes winging their way from Trinidad to the Spanish main, haring the appearance of a triangular body of fire, u they majesti cally flew over our vessel. To this 80cceeded fligbtt of millions of the parrot tribe, varying in aize, from the aeveneoloa.red parroquet, about the dimenaions of a lark, to the large and gaudy macaw. The breeze freshening, we were enabled to keep closer in shore. Our ean were now astounded by one of the moat discordant cries I ever heard. Thia hurraA proceeded from the throats of about one hundred red, or Alouto monkeys, the most wild and untameable of the Simian tribe. The sound that approached it nearer than any other that-I ever heard, was produced by the hooting, howling, and groaning, oC a drunken, yel thirsty English mob, at an election, when they wished to ahew their dis approbation of the party which did not give them beer. By means of a telescope, I was enabled to 5ee thousands of brilliant humming-birds, the

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}44 WARNER .&RUNDELL: appearance of whose waving, ruby, topaz, and golden plumage, and graceful forms, delighted my youthful eye. Here, the humming-birds are so numerous, and so beautiful, as to justify the original name which the aborigines gave to this island ; and by which it is still known, by their few descendants, who yet inhabit the isle of their fathers; I mean" Iere ;" that is to say, island of humming-birds. The Game Cock" now passed between an islet, called Gaspar-Grande, and Trinidad ; on the first of which, fortifications were being then erected, which have long since been abandoned. There it was that the brave Spanish admiral, Apodaca, saved his fleet, consisting of four sail of the line, from falling into the hands of the English, by setting fire to them, and then rowing away to Port of Spain. The flames of one of the ships were extinguished by Admiral Harvey, who captured her; the remains of the other three may still be seen under water. We now approached town ; and the apertures between the mountains, which form the beaq_iiful valleys of Cuesa, and Diego Martin, relieved the sameness of the hills, which bounded the view from the gulf. The. sombreness of the virgin forest was here and there contrasted by the cul tivation of man ; and the dense woods them-

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THB .lDVBBTVBBS OP .A. caBOLB. 146 eelves assumed a 1miling upect; for, amid the waring expanse of dark foliage, here and there bloseomed the ponij, a tree ae tall u any which Europe produces, and the fiowers of which are or the mO&t brilliant golden hue ; while below, rows or majestic bois-immortels," with their deep rose-colonred foliage, glowed like ftre, as the sun shone on them : these gave a grateful shade to the pleasant alleys of cacoa. The scene was diversified with a hundred dift'erent kinds or palm, including the palmiste, or palmetto, which here rises at least fifty feet higher than do any I had eeen in the other islands. Here and there I obeened cane plantations, but these appeared to lack that neatness which the eugar ettates have in Antigua; yet the canes ofthe latter place bear as great a resemblance, in point of size, to thoee of Trinidad, u a porpoise bean to a whale. Altogether, the prospect of the coast, sailing from the Bocu to Port of Spain, ii the 6.nest I ever beheld, or ever hope to view. Tbe tne wbieh prodoeM the chooolate-uut ( Co. ia "'-aaly written cocoa; which latter produ-th.e cocoallllt, i1a bocuical -being c-llllCi{lro. TOL. I. B

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) 46 W A.RNBR ARUlfDBLL : CHAPTER XV. Oh I Tillany, Ti111Dy, Tillny I I think upon't; I think 1 llDlll it; ob, Tillan7 8BAll:IPIU8L W B landed at Port of Spain, the principal town of the island of Trinidad, and which was, at that time, moat unlike what it is at present. It was then a straggling town, composed of wooden houses ; yet its stores were crowded with rich merchandise, for commerce shed her golden -smiles upon the island. We landed on a Sun day ; but there was not the slightest appearance of that respect for the Sabbath which I observed in Antigua, although the Sunday market was, at that time, common to e'1ery town in this part of the world. The bustle or this place astonished me ; as did also the mb:ed hue and costume of the popula tion, and Babylonish variety of tongues. Here strutted the gaudy officer of militia ; for there had

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TB8 A.DVBrrt18B8 OW A. CBBOLB. }41 6een a parade that morning, and almost every man in the island is in the militia,-there being a eoJooel, and a more than proportionate number of majors, captains, and 10balteros, to every fifty men. There lounged, but in Iese pomp, an officer of the line; here and there rolled along a naval ofticer; the gaily dreued Spaniard shewed hit laced mil and gold buttons ; and the plainly draed Eugliehman, with his naokeen jaeket and jean trousers, etood beside the smart Frenchman, with his powdered hair, cue, short inexprea1>les, silk lltockiogs, and buckled ehoes. Sometime& a Chinese or two would appear; and nu and anon an athletic and ferocious-looking 11mbo would ,.; together with groups of the nmed nee between Indians, negroes, and Europeans, called Peons,-all wearing the dangerous r:w:Aillo (knife, or poniard). Crowds of negroes walked to and fro, chattering, jesting, and laughing, u merrily as though slavery and degradation were blessioga; while here and there were numbers or tastily-dreued women, of the clasees called mulattoes, mestees, and quadrooos, who were the m0&t beautiful of those claasee which I, at that time, bad ever seen. The dialects of the people of Port of Spain The .Used nee between tbe Indian aod uegro.

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148 WAaKBR AauDBLL: were aa mixed aa their complexions and dreeees. Chinese, corrupt Arabic, spoken by the Mandingo negroes ; a hundred different vemaculars from Guinea; English, with its proper accent, and then with its creole drawl; Spanish, with its true Castilian pronunciation, as well aa with the slight corruption with which the South Americans speak it; creole French, European French, Conicao, various kinds of patou, German, and Italian, were all spoken in this town. But I have a more melancholy task to perform than that of describing the party-coloured inhabit ants of Port of Spain. On Mr. Warner presenting me to Senor Tomaso, as the nephew of his late partner, that worthy man informed na that my uncle had died twelve days since, having neglected to make his will, as he believed ; but the worthy Spaniard informed us, that he 8U8pected an infamous conspiracy to have been entered into between Fanchinette, an ucril>ano, or notary, named Gregorio Nunez, and four others, to deprive me of my uncle's property. As these suspicions afterwards proved to have been too well founded, I will at once relate the particulars of the conspiracy. Fanchinette and Nunez got up a poat mortem will in the foll?wing ingenious, but by no means original method. After my uncle died, they

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TRE ADVBXTURB& O .I. CBBOLB. )49 placed his corpse in a chair, where it wu supported by two of the conspiraton, whilst a third held the head from behind by the hair ; Nunez then read a will, which purported to bequeath the whole of my uncle's property to Fanchinette, at the end of eery clause of which, the corpse was made to nod, u &88ellting; and, when the whole IJad been read, a pen wae placed in its cold baud, and ita name signed to the paper. The Spanish law, in force in the island, re.mred seven witneuea to a will ; bot u Febrero (the Blacbtone of Spain) says, that an eecribano represents the Trinity, he therefore counts for three ordinary witneuea: thoe, the oath of Nunez, and the affidavits of four other aeoundrele, were sufficient to render the pretended will valid. Bot the parties, to make assurance doubly 1are, had caueed a drunken Spanish priest; called Poablo Valdes, who bad been chaplain to Apodaca'& ship, to marry Fanchinett:e to the said inanimate body. This marriage was managed in the following manner. Valdez they knew to be a priest of doing a villanous act when in his sober senees, which, unhappily, was seldom the cue; and, indeed, never after 'be had taken hie dinner. He never drank before ma88, in the morning ; but what be took at night was suffi cient to muddle him during the forenoon. Late

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) 50 WARN BR A.RU "DBLL : in the afternoon, this priest waa eent for, by which time he had taken his twenty-seventh glaes of old rum and water. On his arrival, they in formed him that my uncle on his death bed, wished to make reparation to Fanehinette for having cohabited with her without leave of Mother Church, by marrying her, and requested that he (Valdez) would perform the marriage service. Now, occurrences of this nature often did take place in Old Spain ; and hence the priest naturally believed what he had been told: and, moreover, Fanchinette and Nunez plied the un happy man so plentifully with noyeau before the performance of the ceremony, that he might, per haps, have seen an elephant were it within a few feet of him, but as for human beings, they were objecta far too minute for his clouded vision. He was supported into the room where lay the corpse: he mumbled through the matrimonial service by rote, as reading it, from his staie, was out of the tion ; and the nest day he absolutely imagined that he had united, in the holy bands of marriage, George Arundell and Fanchinette La Jloche. To fill up the measure of her iniquity, t"o months after this event, Fanchinette declared herself with child by her late husband ; and, nine months and two weeks after the death of my uncle, she gave birth to an infant. Thus it

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TBB A.DVBlfTU&BS OP A. CBBOLB. )5} beaune a common saying in Trinidad, "that & dead man made a will, married a wife, and begot a child." I have eeen the infim.t of Fanchinette, which is as like the equinting, villanous-lookiog esctibauo, as one logger-headed shark is like another. Senor Thomuo took a liking to me, and per mlded Mr. Warner to leave me with him: this the latter consented to do, provided my aunt at Antigua made no objections ; and to this the old lady agreed. Seiior Tho1Qaso1 from some threat eaing expressions dropped by one of the witnesses of NUDeZ during a quarrel, threw the matter of the will and marriage into court; bot, alas! ii was a Spanish court of law. Enough evidence wu obtained to throw a doubt oo the authenticity ot the will, and the validity of the marriage, but not enough to set them aside ; at least so the lawyen said. These gentlemen made their plead inp so voluminooa, that, long ere the cause wu decided, the estate of my uncle was swallowed up by law-expenses. To give the reader some idea of the administration of justice in Spanith courts, I will relate the following fact. A barber who had, previously to its interment, lbaved my uncle corpse, charged four dollars for the operation, and, like every debt owing by or to the succession of George Arundell, thi1

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152 W A.RNBR A.Rt71'DBLL: demand was thrown into court, where the charges on it alone amounted to eight hundred dollan; which were paid out of my uncle's estates, the judge, escribanos, and advocates, pocketing it all, and the poor barber getting nothing but the satisfaction of feeing bis own lawyer. We have all heard of two cats, who found two pieces of cheese, and, disputing about their respective shares, applied to a monkey, who, in order to equalise them, piece by piece ate up the claims of both parties. If any human, or rather inhuman, tri bunal resemble Jacko in the fable, it is a Spanish court oflaw. In the meantime, Seiior Thomaso sent me to a school in Port of Spain, where the English, French, and Spanish languages are taught indif ferently, in both senses of the word. I had, naturally, great facility in acquiring languages; my knowledge of creole French made the study of good French easy, and, living with a Spanish family, I eoon acquired a respectable knowledge of the Castilian tongue. I must now pause in my personal narrative to relate a public event, which, however, was fated to have an influence on my own fortunes. About this time, the island was kept in a state of alarm by frequent rumours, and official accounts, ef a strong French and Spanish fleet being in the

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TBB ADVB1'TURB8 01' .A CBEOLB. }63 West Indies. Here they efFected no conquest, for this they had no time to attempt ; but they levied contributions on different islands, some of which they bad not time to receive, ere they beard that the hero of the Nile was in pW'8oit of them: they started away without pocketing the booty they were on the point of receiving at Barbadoes. The very name of Nelson made them fly, although they had twenty-one sail of the line, and he but ten. At length, however, the tleet of Nelson did appear oft' the northern coast of Trinidad. There was an old Spanish fort on an eminence, at the place called Las Cuevas, garrisoned by a few black troops, and commanded by a French emigrant in the English t1ervice. Nelson attempted to communicate with this little fort, but the Frenchman could not understand his signals; on which the admiral despatched two or three boats for shore, when the Frenchman, well knowing the fort could not be defended, spiked his two guns, pitched them into the sea, blew up his little fortreu, and set off to town, there tpreadiog a report that the enemy's fteet were in light. On Nelson's part the mistake was mutual: aeeiog the fort deatroyed, he naturally concluded Thia triling ein:v.matmoe bu, I belieYe, Dot be8ll 110ticed of the biographere' of Nellon.

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15i WARNBR ARUNDllLL: the enemy were in posse88ion of the island. He had long been in search of the combined fleets, and be hoped he had uow, at length, caught them. He accordingly sailed into the Gulf of Paria, with the hope of making the mouths of the Oronoke as famous in history as be had rendered those of the Nile. Certainly, no part of the world possesses a sheet of water better adapted for the collision of hostile navies than the Gulf of Paria. Two fleets encountering in this gulf must fight, without hopes of the defeated party escaping: it aft'ords a fair 1ea and no favour. On Nelson discovering his mistake, he scarcely waited to explain he merely sent on shore a commissary, named Whitmore, a passenger from Barbadoes to Trinidad, with a hasty letter to the governor, to which be awaited no reply, but sailed away in pursuit of the enemy. Such was the decisive promptitude of him who, a few months after, fell gloriously in the arms of victory at Trafalgar. On the false alarm of the French fleet being in sight taking place, three guns were fired, and a red flag hoisted upon every fort in the island a signal that the colony is placed under martial law. Immediately all was bustle and confusion in every street of Port of Spain ; drums rolled, fifes squeaked, and bugles brayed ; in every

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TBB ADVBlfTVRBS OP .I. CRBOLBe ) 55 Jioaee 11'88 heard the ringing of iron ramrods in the barrels of their muskets; the clattering of llbres in their steel cases ; the clicking of pistols ; the reports of every kind of ; and the elanking or the horses or the cavalry, mounted infantry, officers, and aides-de-camp, u they galloped to and fro. In a few minutes the whole of the militia tamed out to a man, and aaeembled on the parade-ground, there awaiting the orden of General Heslop, who wu at this time governor and commander-in-chief. The general rightly jadged the capital to be indefensible, and there ilre ordered all the merchant-shipping to anchor under Fort George, an unfinished fortresa, situated on a high and steep hill, near the sea, about four miles from Port of Spain. He recommended the inhabitants to send their most nlnable etrects up to the fort, whither he de spatched the greater part of the militia aod troope of the line. This was the best thing that could have been done, had the alarm been true, for the town was indefensible ; bot the fortress, garri119ned by all the disposable force of the island, and well provisioned, could not easily be reduced. It commanded all the roads to town ; IO that the capture of the latter, while Fort

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166 WUlNBR A.RU'NDBLL: George held out, would be little acquisition to the enemy, io a military point of view. All were in haste to send their valuable pro perty up to the fort : carts, mules, &c. were employed to tl'aosport money to it ; merchants' books, and public records, were sent up on the heads of negroes. Scarcely was the eteep road cleared of those passengers, ere the militia began their march, commanded by officers who shewed more zeal than discretion ; hurrying their men up the steep path, or permitting them to hurry themselves up, in double-quick time, although the thermometer wae at ninety in the shade -but no part of the winding and precipitous road shaded. The men were clothed and accoutred in heavy marching order, although only citizen soldiers, and consequently unused to military fatigues. To complete the whole of these ab surdities, they were marched in subdivisions, in stead of ranks of four, so that the road was unnecessarily crowded. This ridiculoue march caused the death of many men. My worthy friend, Sefior Thomaso, went out with bis company he being a captain in the militia ; and I, ae well as I could, ran by his side Like most Spaniards in this part of the world, he posaessed a broad leathern belt, for the pur-

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TBB .ADVBJfTU1lB8 0'1' A. CRBOLB. J57 Jll*I of secreting specie about his person in times ofpnblie danger, which belt [ aaw him fill with doabloons ere be set out, and brace round his body over his shirt. He was aged, and rather : the road up to the fort being steep, long, and intolerably bot, ere he got more than of the way he turned pale, complained of fatigue, and a few minutes after fell. The eYent created a little confusion : some privatee remoYed him off' the road. and placed him under the lbade of one of that species of palm called one man belonging to his company olanteering to keep guard over him. When, in a few momenta, the whole of the militia had -.ended above the spot where Senor Thomuo lay, in his fainting fit, the eentinel loosed hie coat, waistcoat, and stock ; knelt down to ob&ene his captain, and then aaid to me,-" My good lad, is this your father 1" I informed him he was not, bot my kind friend." Then, for Heaven's sake, my boy, run up to the fort, and get a little vinegar -it the only thing that will save Captain Thomaso's life I Run, for the love of God In an iDStant I rushed up the steep hill to the fort. I did not take the winding road, but,

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168 W'A.BlfBR ARUKDBLL: with the agility of a kid, scrambled through the bushes in a direct line. Out of breath, I arrived at the garrison, where all was tumult ; many of the men, from causes before stated, had fainted, and some were attacked with coup de soleil. In vain I implored for a little vinegar; no one could or would grant my request. At length I saw a surgeon, who was in attendance on the sick, and him I en treated to grant me that which I was told would save the life of my friend. He asked me what I wanted with vinegar? I told him the accident that had befallen Senor Thomaso. It appeared he knew t.he wort. by Spaniard; and promised to go with me himself and see him, the moment he could give relief to those who were danger ously ill. Two or three militia-men were attacked with apoplexy, from wearing the stock with which the British eoldier is absolutely tortured in an inter tropical climate, and the surgeon had to open their temporal arteries, which operations took up more time than I wished ; but at length the doctor, hastily tying up his small case of instru ments, and taking in his pockets a phial or two, bade me lead on, and followed me down where lay Senor Thomaso. In a few minutes we

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TBB .lDVBllTlJ'BB& 01' .A. CRBOLB. )69 arrived there; bu.t, alas! he wu beyond all human aid. There lay his corpse, with his little bag of Catholic relics aospended round his neck ; hilt his gold crosa and heavy belt of doubloons bad disappeared nor was the sentry to be bmd. I thought not oC the doubloons, nor of the 11enrinel, for grief overpowered my young mind. It appeared to me that all those who attempted to befriend me were doomed to death. I felt myself an orphan boy in a land where all things were strange, and all men were strangerB to me. l wept until I thought my heart would break. The next day, when the false alarm subsided, the relations of Senor Thomaso made inquiries as to who was the honest sentinel who had so kindly volunteered to guard their deceased re lative. This was easily ascertained, nor was it difficult to conjecture what became of the doub loon-belt ; but not one shadow of proof could be obtained to criminate the suspected thief, even before a court-martial. He said that he ooZ.Rtarily watched his captain until he died; but that he neither volunteered, nor was ordered, to keep sentry over a corpse. And he further alleged, that the moment he found the captain was dead, he went up to his duties at Fort George.. This statement he could not prove ;

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]60 WARNER AROKDBLL; but such was the confusion in the fort at the time of this occurrence, that the friends of Thomaso could not disprove it. On the whole, nobody believed this uian innocent of stealing the belt, and yet no one could blame the court martial, which unanimously acquitted him. The same man, three years after this event, was very busy, during the conflagration of Port of Spain, in saving bis neighbours' goods, while hie own house was burning, by which disinterested conduct be lost all he had in the world-at least he often said eo : and yet, such ie the envy of this wicked world" (as the old women say), that there were not wanting those who asserted that he had plundered to the amount of many thou sand dollars during this calamity. One thing is certain,-namely, that, a very little while after the fire, he rose like a pbrenix from its ashes, and became a respectable merchant; respectable in the sense of the word as used by the witnes9 in Thurtell's trial,-" because he drove hie gig." This man ie still alive, but hie name I will not mention to those who are not and have not been inhabitants of Trinidad, as to them it would be useless ; and to those who are, or have been in the colony, it would be needless.

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THE J>fBIJTU8B8 OP A CREOLB, 161 CHAPTER XVI. Wit.Ii lflml, ruohed, dapairiag eye, I each aimed d.rt; For one bu cut mr deuen tie, And quiy .. in mr heart.. Bvu .. I UHTBD the death o( the good Tbomaeo with grief more deep and lasting than is felt, in general, by youth; for I felt that, by his decease, l W"ll left a friendless and plundered orphan, in a land Car from my own. Friendless altOgether I was not : the surgeon or whom I have spoken took me to his house and treated me kindly ; and, two days after' the alarm had subsided, brought me to Dr. Manuel Lopez-not a doctor of medicine, but, like most Stianish adTocates, a doctor of laws. Thie gen tleman enjoyed the situation of guardian-general of orphans, the name o( which office sufficiently indicates its nature. I have but one observation to lllake against this office, which is this : -the

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)62 WA.RMBR A.BUNDBLL: more the guardian-general of orphans involves in litigation the property of those whom the laWB commit to his protection, the greater are his emoluments. This remark is intended to apply to the office, not to him who filled it; it were ungrateful in me to complain of the honour of Dr. Lopez. There are some persons possessed of such natural probity, that tbey will act with rectitude despite of the severest temptations of the enemy of mankind : hence we sometimes meet with even honest Spanish lawyers ; one of these rarm. ave1 in terris being Manuel Lopez, doctor of laws of the university of Caraccas, and guardian-general of orphans of Trinidad. The doctor was a little thin man, with features which, at first view, seemed rather mean ; but, on looking well at his finely formed forehead. arched eyebrows, and penetrating eyes, any one would form a dift'erent opinion of him from that which a first glance might give. His eyes were the most lively I ever saw, their brilliancy seeming to illuminate his dark and deeply pock-marked visage. Taken altogether, his countenance, when well considered, indicated shrewdneu and integrity ; at least I thought so when I knew him. Most of ns think ourselves physiognomists ; and, after we are well acquainted with a person, are apt to persuade ounelves

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Till .lDV1UITU&B8 OP A CBBOLB. J63 that his conduct corresponds with the impression which his features made on us from our ii.nt acquaintance with him. On the surgeon's introducing me to Dr. Lopes, the latter received me with a k.indne11 that seemed really parental; and, on his being iabmed that I was the nephew and probable heir of the late George Arundell, be immediately despatched one of his clerks for the Padre fir something had occurred which folly convinced the priest that he had been imposed upon, when in a state of intoxication, to marry an intriguing woman, not to a dying penitent, but to a corpse! and for which act, horror and remorse had seir.ed the old man, and were weighing him dotm to the grave. With tottering step the padre entered the room ; his eyes were dim with age, and a long aonne of inebriety had distorted and bloated his once fine set of features, now rendered haggard by the angnisb of remorse. On being told who I wu, the old man was much affected ; his pale upeet aa&umed an ashy hoe, and he trembled in every limb ; bnt, recovering himself, he made the Bign of the cross on my forehead, saying, "&udico te in iao111iftl! Patria, d Filii, et SpiritUt Sacti .Amen." He then fell on his knees, placed me before

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}64 WARNBR ARt71'DBLL: mm ; and, taking my closed hands between hie own, which be held up in a anpplicating posture, he poured forth a prayer in hie noble mother tongue, with a deep voice rendered absolutely awful by strong emotion. "Holy Mother of Heaven," said he, "pardon me for the odious offence which I have committed in profaning the ordinances of thy Son, while in a state disgraceful to a brute beast, doubly disgrace ful to a man, and unpardonable, eave through thy. intercession, in an anointed but unworthy eon of the altar. Forgive, Holy Virgin, the injuries which I have been instrumental in inflicting on this defenceleu and plundered orphan boy; shower thy blessing on his youth, bis manhood, and his old age ; protect this fatherless child in bis pilgrimage through this valley of the shadow of death, and sanctify his deathbed ; so that, when he awakes from this mortal dream, he may open his eyes to the view of the glory of thy Son ; but let him not awake to the immortality of torture to which we wretched sojourners on earth would be condemned, but for the eacri6ce of thy oft"spriog." The priest now repeated in Latin the ftrst of the seven penitential Psalms, during the progreea of his recital of which, his sobs became frequent, and tho tean flowed down his aged cheeks in a

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TBB ADVJOITURBB OP .&. CRBOLB. 166 eopiOUI etream : at length bis emotions got ao m the better of him, that the sul"geOn and Dr. Lopez raised him from bis kness, and conveyed bim t.o a IOfa in the next room, where he fainted. I must relate the cause of this scene. One Antonio Cardoza, a wretch with one eye, like a Seotcbman's herring, an accomplice of the eseribano, Valdez, having taken an inflammatory Mer during the 'late marching and counter marebing, sent for the man-of-war priest, and made to him a confeeaion of the whole infamous proceeding with regard to the false will and pre tended marriage. Scarcely had the penitent finished hie guilty confeuion, ere, terrified with the exclamations of the astounded and horrified priest, he fell into a fainting-fit, from which be only partially recovered, when, gasping for breath, an awful rattling in his throat told that he was summoned to answer for his crimes W>re a tribunal which required no witnessee. Padre Valdez now, on bended knees, and with tears, besought Cardoza to permit him to publish bis confession, his vow not allowing him to do aowithout the consent of the penitent; the priest telling him, at the same time, he could not give Tbe negroee uy, that Kotcbmall ge herring wa hab one eye;" DUDely, a herring split down ill the bM:k. In fact, bath a. gi ... iuteed oC a whole

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166 W.&BNBB .&BUJmBLL: him absolution without this consent : upon which the dying man muttered something, which Val dez believed to be consent, and yet wu not asaured of it ; and Cardoza then died, without making any other sign. The unhappy, but conscientious priest knew not what to do under these circumstances ; he wished to make reparation for the crime he had been unwillingly led to commit, and yet he felt not assured that he ought to make use of the confession of Cardoza. He immediately wrote to the bishop, who lived at Angostura, up the Oronoke, an account of this extraordinary affair, without mentioning names, in order that the bishop might get a dispensation from Rome, to ,,.., allow him (Valdez) to publish the disclosures of Cardoza. In the time of war, when letters have to cross seas between coantries engaged in hoe tilities against each other, their conveyance is tardy and uncertain ; and hence the dispensation did not arrive until grief, remorse, and the severe penance be underwent, bad brought Padre Valdez to his deathbed : but, ere he quitted this I life, he had time to make, before competent wit nesses, sufficient disclosures to expose the whole conspiracy of Nunez and Fanchinette. The priest (Valdez) was incapable of committing a crime when in his sober senses ; but he was addicted,

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TBB .l.DVBNTUllBS 01' A CRBOLB. )67 u already mentioned, to one vice, which is the moet profligate parent of many crimes. The police were sent in pursuit of the escribano, Fanchinette, and the three surviving wit. neues to the will: bot the latter bad long since left the island, being of the lower clsaa of Peons, who pus to and fro between Trinidad and the Spanish main, and which clua is stationary no where; and aa to my uncle's late housekeeper, and her paramour, they were far too nimble for the tardy alguaci.ll or Port of Spain : they escaped to Comana. After this, I was declared the undisputed heir of my uncle's estate: but, alas I there was DO inheritance to dispute about; the whole of hie property having been torn and devoured piecemeal by a set of legal sharks, who bore the names of oydores, useasors, eacribanos, depositaries, aequestrators, advocatee, algnacils, al guacil-mayors, &c. &c. Why the Spanish laws continue to be, in pa.rt, in force in Trinidad, against the wish of every honest man in that island, the various colonial 1eeretaries of state for the last thirty years can tellor, perhaps, cannot tell. During the many months the above events took place, I resided with Dr. Lopez, who kindly wrote to my friends in Antigua, and proposed

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168 W AB1'BR ARU1'DBLL : taking charge of my education. This proposal be made when he had hopes of recovering some part of my uncle's estate; yet, when those hopes proved fallacious, he, notwithstanding, continued his kindness towards me. The doctor occa sionally employed me in translating law-papen from Spanish into English. He had commenced studying our language late in life; so that, when he met aught, in reading English, which he did not understand, he applied to me for explanation, which I easily gave. One day I so pleased the doctor, by giving an extemporary translation of a passage in' Coke's Institutes,' that he said I would make a good lawyer. I expressed hopes of becoming one, when he immediately proposed to send me to the Unive.rsity of Caraecu. To this I readily assented, and the doctor wrote to Antigua, re questing my aunt's acquiescence, proposing himself to defray all charges consequent on the measure. To this the old lady acceded imme diately. In truth, I think she would have started no objection, had he proposed making me a cobbler, a priest, or a duly qualified Italian opera-singer; for, although she had been kind to me during my infancy, yet she verified the old proverb, out of sight, out of mind : be sides, she was the mother and grandmother of,.

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TB1I ADVBBTUJlBI OP.&. CBBOLB. )69 numerous, indolent, and spendthrift family. Dr. Lopez gave me a little money, many boob, lll1ICh good advice, a letter of credit, and several lettera of introduction. He then shipped me on board the schooner Baracouta, a veeael employed in the clandestine trade carried on, even during the war, between this island and the Main. I wu consigned to Professor O'Keilly, of the UniYenity of CaraccaB, and a Spaniard of Irish extraction. VOL. I.

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170 CHAPTER XVII. O'er the wild moantailla, and 1-.ari.ant plaill1, Nature, ill all the pomp ofbeaut1, reigns." MoWT00111&aT. March the heary mul&1 eeeurel1 slow, O'er hilla, o'er dale1, o'er craga, o'er rocb they go." Pon' 1 liad. CAPTAIN JoNBB, of the schooner Baraconta, after a passage of five days, anchored his vessel off La Guayra, took me ashore, and, as directed, delivered me to Don Pedro Jenkinson, an English merchant, who, having married a Cadiz lady, put a Spanish handle to his name, to the scan dal of all the Old Christians" of the vice royalty. Don Pedro Jenkinson, as he loved to be called, received me politely. After reading European Spaniardacalled themlelYea Old Christiana; natin of South Americ1, they denominated Creoles; and Proteltanta, wbo cc;nformed to the ritea of the :Roman Catholic ohurch, N" Cbriatiana.

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TBB ADVBlfTUU OP A ORBOLB. 171 Dr. Lopez's note of introduction, be despatched Jetter by a muleteer over the mountains to Omccu, to Profeeeor O'Keilly; and the fol lowing uy the professor sent his own mule for me, by his servant, Jose Garcia, mounted on another mule, to act as my guide, and a third mule, led by a negro-boy, for my luggage. We set out together, about two o'clock, to traverse the mountain which lies between La Guayra and Caraccas, ascended the zig-zag road, and, in about half-an-hour, I found myself in the coldest region I ever entered, for I had never before been on such an elevation. The view from this mountain track. was magnificent : below us lay the city of La Guayra, with its old fortifications, its streets and spires ; around us were three ridges of uncultivated, unsurveyed, and boundless mountains, with rich valleys between them, over the bottoms of which cultivation spread her light green carpet : this strongly eontrasted with the sombre verdure of virgin forests, that shaded the whole of the mountaina around us. now called a halt, we dismounted, and unloaded the sumpter mule. Let us," said Garcia, milk a tree." I stared at this proposition; and Jose climbed an ordinary looking tree, which had thick dry leaves, and roots

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172 W'A.RNBR A.RUNDBLL: above ground. When he g0t to one of its lower branches, be made a cut with his atcheti into tbia branch, and instantly issued a stream of liquid, reaembling milk in colour and consist ency; Jose caught this in a large calabash, and gave it me to drink, aseuring me that it was both sweet and wholesome. I tasted it, and found it deaemng of Garcia's praise ; it had a fine aro matic odour and flavour: altogether, it is one of the most grateful and least cloying a88tlasives of thirst I ever drank.. The palo ck oaca, or cow tree, is the best friend the traveller amongst the mountains about Caraccas can eneounter. The Indian tradition says it sprang from the grave of the general mother of mankind. t We now came to what the Caraqneiios:f: eall the saddle, that is, the highest ridge of the mountain between Gnayra and Caraccas, which is about six thousand feet above the level of the sea. The mule road up which we paeaecl had been ent with great labour, bot, ever and anon, it looked awful to one unaccustomed to Moteltni i1 a kind of cotlMI. t ha botanical nlllll8 ia Galueundro11 111U.. I un told it ia mentiooed by Humboldt, whose worh I have neur Mr. Lockhart o( Trinidad attempted to naturali1e thil tree in the 1aUer ialand, but, 01Yi11g to 11ecident, he failed. !';DY of Caraccu.

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TBB .t.. C8BOLB, ) 73 mountain traeka. But from my infancy I bad beeo a mountaineer, and therefore heeded not tire giddy path up which our animal& dragged themeelvea, nor the ugly-looking log bridgea, thrown over ehaams, mountain streams, cataracts, aod dried gullies. The latter, during the rainy leUOO, carry tremendona torrents down their red ud pebbly canals. The eagacioos mulee, ere they place their sure hoots on a doubtful log of thoee precarious bridgee, would stoop their heads and mell them; whn, being arged from behind b7 tile voice of Joe6 calling .out, "Mula! mu/a! carmitba J they would tread on, or leap over, the -.id log, aa beet satisfied their judgment. I -re the reader, that, notwithstanding their near CODeaDgniuity to the animal which has eve!' been emblemrieal of stupidity, the mules of South America potBell judgment. At length we obta.ined a view of the city of the alley, the noble Caraccas: it lay spread out hen.th u with its many c1'09&-surmounted spires, its coantlesa roofa, and hun.dred thousand inha)>itants. A part of the city was built on the rising of the circumjacent mountain, a part on the banks of a beautiful stream ; but it principally stood on the plain part of the valley, whose real beauties far exceed the imaginary ones of the happy valley ofRuselae.

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174 WABNSB AB'ONDBLL: Caraccas being about two thousand feet above the level of the sea, its air is delight fully cool. The gardens round it nourish all the delicious fruits which an inter-tropical cli mate can boast of; while on the towering eleva tions by which it is surrounded Boorish all the fruits and vegetables of Europe. Jose Garcia delivered myself and baggage to Professor O'Keilly, who received me in a ftiendly manner. Like most dignitaries of the University of Caraccas, Dr. O'Keilly was in holy orders: his clerical duties, however, took up little of his time, and less of his attention. Be filled the moral philosophical chair ; but, aJ. though a very learned and laborious man, he WU yet a very eccentric one. He read much, as it appeared to me, for the mere purpose of picking out all that was odd and whimaical in boob ; as some collectors of objects of natural or UD natural history set the greatest value on mon sters. The more improbable any theory ap peared, the warmer was it espoused by the professor. He broached few of these theories in his lectures, because some of them were scarcely deemed orthodox; but I, being an in mate of his house, and his favourite pupil, wu enlightened with all his private opinions. Like Lord Monboddo, he conceived that man origi

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' TBB ADTIIX'l11BBI .OP A CllBOL. 175 ..Uy had a tail. Some philosophers think that man ii, by nature, a quadruped ; but Professor O'Keilly, on the contrary, held that man is, by natu:re, a qoadrumanoaa animal, like the monkey. He conceived that man' a lotDo-Aandl had grown into feet by their being cramped into shoes ; nor would he admit the appearance of the Indians as oft'ering proofs against hie theory. Thoee people, be laid, had, for some thousand years, worn no sboet ; yet they all descended from the common parents of mankind, who, shortly after the flood, had cramped, by means of shoes, their lower hands into their present forms. He contended that an ape, and not a serpent, tempted Eve. He believed that the land of his fathers (Ireland) wu the land of promise held out in the Scripture ; that comets were hells for the damned ; that the Iliad was the production of King Solomon ; and that all the rest of the worb which men take in general to be the genuine works of Greece and Rome, are forgeries of the middle ages. Further, he held that the modern pantomime was the remain of ancient paganism, handed down by tradition ; and that our old mends, Harlequin, Columbine, Pantaloon, and Clown, were no others than Mercury, Psyche, Charon, and Momu. He believed Europe to have been

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populated by an Egyptian colony, who, after the lapee of agee, nearly exterminated an aboriginal race they found there ; and t.bat the modem gipeies are actually the descendants of this aboriginal people. He contended that they were neither Egyptians nor East Indians, bat nothing more nor less than the vestiges of the aborigines of Europe. I said I was the favourite pupil of Dr. O'Keilly : this was owing partly to my being a protege of Dr. Lopez, and partly to my being a good listener; but principally because I was looked upon as a prodigy of the university, on account of my pos8811ing an extraordinary me mory, and a surprising aptitude in mastering both living and dead languages. I, with great facility, made Latin verses; and, although the sense of these somewhat halted, yet they marched on regular Roman feet. True it is, that one third o_f each verse was made up of phrasee taken from Horace or Virgil ; another third of expressions plundered from Ovid, or other au thors of the Augustan period ; while the remain der was original nonsense ; and yet they passed muster for collegiate poetry. My themes, too, used to be much lauded ; and, although they wanted depth, yet they had the requisite length and breadth, and were all, Cerberus-like,

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TBB ADVB!fTtTBBI OP A CRBOLB. 177 headed. True it ii that the style of thue productions was loose and earele ; yet they were clOltly ad .,_,,antlg uritlea, as far related t.o penmanehip. Their logic was filmsy; but they were eompoeed in better Latin than at that time ft8 ued in the uniYenity, uad hence they were wUYenalJy UJDired. Bot here I most pause in the Im of my collegiate acquiremeJlta. Io the mathematical eeiences I made no progress : no mule on the 1-' to Porto Cabello, when being flogged be he would not eroa a log bridge which he conceives 11DS0und, ever displayed more .obJti'*1 than I shewed in c:rouiog the Pota1 .Ali--.

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178 W ABNBR .&.BUNDBLL : CHAPTER XVIII. I plunged beneath the ocean wa.e, And newed the monaterw of the Old S.,. DuetNG the times of vacation, and other boon "not set apart for the study of mathematics and humanity, I used to practise what may not be improperly called inhuman acquirements. I renewed the lessons in fencing, and firing at marks, which, some years since, my uncle George had given me ; besides which, I learned to handle the spear, and throw the poniard, u practised in South America, with great dexterity. Jose Garcia taught me to play some Castilian airs on the guitar ; and I acquired the art of rattling the castanets, and dancing fandangos and boleros, without any teaching. Hence I became rather a favourite amongst the piebald members or the fair sex of the city of Caraccas, than which few parts of the earth possess a love-

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TBB ADVB11T1JBB8 OP .6. CRBOLB. 179 lier collection or women, and no place a greater variety of complexion. The purest white that ever left Europe, the most glossy black ever stolen from Africa, with all the endless grades and shades caused by the intermixture of Spanish, Moorish, Jewish, Indian, and negro races, might here be met. Sometimes, during the vacation, I made ex cunions amongst the mountains and savannas, where I acquired that which availed me more than the art or making up" Latin verses -I became an extraordinarily fearless and safe honeman. I was remark.able for my equestrian acquirements, nen in this land -where beggars uk for tm medio real, in the name of the Virgin, while they are on horseback ; and where it is common for a lad to spring on the back of the wildest horse that ever flew across the plains, and break him in, or break his own neck. I also learned to throw the lasso with great dexterity : I could noose any given limb or hom of the wildest bull that ever made the savanna rebellow with his roar. At La Guayra I leamed to swim to such perfection that I became a perfect creole Leander. I could swim further, dive deeper, and keep longer under water, than most pearl-tieekers of the island of Margarita ; which

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180 1" ARJllU AllUKDBLL : last acquirement had one day nearly cost me dear, as the following fact will testify. Being in La Guayra during the month of June, I was tempted by the heat of the lowland to bathe in the sea : I swam out to some rocks, which lay a quarter of a mile from ehore, and then dived to pick up some beautiful ehells. AB I got near to the bottom I balanced myself in mid-water, to observe a most beautiful phenome non. It being noon, and the son crouing the equator, near which stand La Guayra, his beams were reflected with surpassing splendour on the surface of the water, which was agitated into rippling waves by the mid-day breeze: these little waves were reflected on the sandy bed of the sea, which reftection shewed like a waving and shifting net of burnished ail ver. I saw this net, with pleasure, spread as far as my eye could reach, save where my own shadow, as it were, intercepted it. Suddenly this was overshadowed by a most terrific object I instantly cast my eyes upwards, and, gracious Heaven! I beheld, right above me, one of the most terrible monaters in nature, known to the English in these seu under the appellation of the shovel-nosed shark (Squalua tigriatU of Linnmus). The extreme hideousness of this fish can neither be described

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!'BB 4DVBJn'UBJM OP A C'&BOLB. )81 hy the pen, nor delineated by the penci1. lt8 body, althongh much thicker than mine, and thrice it.s length, was nothing compared to its lafflly head; the latter formed, as it were, the upper line of the letter T, while ita comparatively alender body W88 like the vertical stroke of that Jetter : a pair of enormous azure eyes pi:otruded from either end or this T-formed head. Below thiebot, alae above me opened a semieireu1ar mouth, big enough to swallow me entire. This, I perceived, was furnished with several rows o(eaw.Jike teeth. The appearance of this monster gained nothing from the light in which I saw it; it being, as I before said, right above me. I east a few glances aloft, and observed his glaring eyes, that looked at once stupidly dull, and mghtfolly malignant. Their savage ken was directed down upon me ; its greedy mouth was opening and shotting, as if in anticipation of ewaDowing me. I cast a glance at my limbs, and over my body, and mentally asked my Creator (may he furgive the involuntary thought) if he intended that hiiJ image, into whose nostrils be had breathed the breath of life, should become the prey of euch a marine demon as floated above 1 This singular idea flashed through my mind with

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182 WABMBB ABUMDBLL: the speed of lightning : there was little time for reflection. I swam, still under water, to another place; I could obse"e, by the shadow of the mon ster, that he still followed me. Upwards I dared not look ; in vain I tried to dodge my tormentor: where I stopped, he stopped ; and, go where I would, still his shadow fell upon me. What was to be done t My strength and breath were fast going ; to remain much longer under water was imp088ible, and to rise was to make for the jaws of perdition. I sank to the bed of the bay, to arm myself with some conchshells : these might have been of some use, could I have gained the surface of the water unharmed, in which case I might have hurled them at his enormous head. But no, the shark seemed aware that I could not long remain below, and he appeared determined to catch me as I rose. Suddenly a ray of blessed hope shot acr08I my benighted mind. I was beside a rock that had a small cleft through its centre, which, near the bed of the bay, had a horizontal passage: down this cleft I had often gone out of mere boyish desire of adventure ; and to this chasm I swam, and in an instant darted into the horizontal part of it. Ere 1 did this, the hideous 6ah

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TBB A.DTDTUBBS OP A. CRBOLB. )83 liecame, too late, aware of my manmuvre ; and, ll'Om the pre880re of the wat.er, I became sensible that he sunk down toward1 me : but the love of lite made me too quick for him, even in his own element. I pas&ed through the horizontal pus.ge, and in an instant I wu buoyed up through the vertical cavity of the rock, and rose to the IDrf'ace of the water, all bot suffocated, to inhale the bles&ed air. Still the persevering aea-devil lolJowed ; it had also forced itself through the aperture of the rock, bot whether this was too small easily to admit its enormous head, I know not-eertain I am, that the shark did not pass the cleft tor eome seconds after me. By this time I stood upright on the top of the rock, on which there were two or three feet of water, and a few rapid st.eps brought me out of immediate danger. I bad gained a part of the rock which was out of the water, although it afforded but bad footing, it being &1 sharp as the blade of a boat oar. On this I, however, got as the monster emerged from the paasage, still pursuing me : it made a rush towards where I stood, but I was out of its element; it raised its huge bead as if to B11Certaio where I was, and, at this instant, I burled one of the conch-sht!lls, which I still held iD my hands, at his head with such effect as to

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)84 WARNER ARUNDE'L'L: -stun the flsh. It now lay motionless for some seconds; while I, to prevent the sharp edges ot the rocks from cutting my feet, was obliged to kneel, and partly support myself with my hands. I now perceived the fish lashing the waters upon the rocks until they were in a foam ; the fact was, it was high tide when we both came up, and as the water was f'ast receding, it could not get off for want of depth. Some minutes had elapeed ere I perceived its predfoament, for my attention was directed towards the shore, to which place I called for succour, using every exclamation of distress that I recollected : at length the fish becll.me completely high and dry, and I perceived the danger of my late mortal foe, but felt no generous pity for him. I Dow fearlessly changed my uneasy position, and stood upright OD the fiat part of the rock. I was too much exhausted by my late adventure to essay swimming ashore, and saw with joy a canoe approaching me : one of the men in her proved to be my old friend, Garcia; who, being informed of my late escape, called out, Santa Maria it is el capitan del puerto (the harbour-master) that is on the rock I must inform the reader, that I had often heard of a large and well-known shovel-nosed shark, called el capitan del puerlo ; who, in _J

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TB .A.DVBTUBB8 OP A. CllBOLB. }85 the Bay of La Gua.yn., was ae well known u Port Royal Tom was in Jamaica. Whether my late foe was the identical copitaa dal p1U1rto, I eumot tab upon myaelf to say ; but Joee, and the two men of the canoe, treated him with little ceremony: they beat the helpless 1hark'1 bead with their paddles. until he was again stunned. and finished him by cutting off hie tail, and running a matcheti through hia brain. Yon seem well acquainted," said I to Jre, I neither betray nor injure him by giving an account of his adventures with el capillUI del pwrto. You must know, Sefior Juana, I was not always the steady servant of a Christian profeseor; but, some years liuce, I was as wild as a Savanna colt. I uaed to purloin little articlee

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186 W ARKBB ilUBDLL : from the cargoes of your countrymen at La Guayra ; but, by the bleuing of San Antonio, I always kept from pilfering any but heretics. I was one concerned in robbing a bale of India goods with a French eailor, named : be was not altogether a heretic, but almost as bad, for he was an Atheist ; that is, he did not believe in God." Here Jose crossed himself. Well, eeiior, I one day met this in Caraccaa : he beckoned me to follow him; I did so. When we got out of the city, said," Jose, may I trust you?' To be sure,' said I ; especially while it is my interest to keep good faith with you ; for you know, without good faith, we never can rob together .' Do you see this key?' said the French man ; I made it myaeJf; I am a bit of a black smith, and lately worked at Thomaso del Fuego's forge.' "'What of that?' said I. It fits,' replied the back-door of the great cathedral ; I got the impression of it in soap while I was talking to the purblind sacristan. This black.smith's child is a passport to the cathedral : let us, this night, carry oft' the

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TBB ADTB1'T17:aJIS OP A OllBOLB. 187 cllapJ, and strip the Virgin of her pearls and diamond crown ; it will make our fortunes.' I was shocked at this sacrilegious proposal, ud threatened to 'peach him ; but the Frenchman pretended it was all a joke, and we parted : bat, four nights after this, to the horror of all Christians of the viceroyalty, the whole com mWlion-plate, golden candlesticks, and jewels of the Virgin, had disappeared. "The bishop and all the priests anathematised the unknown robber, and all concerned with him. Wherever I turned, I heard people talk or the robbery ; they said the plunder was worth fi>arteen thonsand doubloons. Now, although I would not 888ist, nor be in any way concerned with in the robbery, yet I thought it bat &ii' t.hat he should give me some part of the immense booty to make me hold my tongue. Where to find him I knew not, but guessed he wu at La Guayra; so I hired a mule to go thither; but, coming a.long this same road, while pu&ing the croee which was erected over the grave of Felipe St. Jago, who was murdered the year before, the beast absolutely took fright at seeing the crou, and threw me on the rock beside the road, and I broke my arm in the fall. I wu lo ... tin ---plate la called.

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taken back to Caraccas, and a terrible fevei: fell on me: I looked on all this u a judgment from heaven-for why? because I waa thrown near a CJ'088 I immediately sent for Padri Buen ln tento, and told him of all I knew of : he would not give me absolution until I made a secret declaration of this to the alcalde. After I did this, the police sent its algoacila in ponuit of the French aailor 1 aod he was taken ; but, save my secret evidence, nothing appeared against him. The prieetl wanted the civil authorities to put to the torture; but the oydor, who was half a heretic, aod belonging to Miranda party, declared that, by the Partida.I, t torture could only be used to extort confeuions where there existed what the Spanish law called halC-proo&; but with regard to the French sailor, nothing appeared against him but auspicion. This deci aion by no means satisfied the biahop, and' eo, u usual, the clergy and the lawyen went to logger heads; and all this while wu im priaoned at La Guayra, and I waa in the hospital, recovering from my fall. At length Buen lntento, who wu a wily Italian priest, proposed to me to get farther Jadp; lit.sally. a hevw. t SpaaUJa oode of lawa.

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189 intelligence from FJ'8D9>is; and I followed hit direetioo. Ae soon as I recovered, the pad1' got me arrested, and, with the understanding of the pelice, I was lodged in prison, in the same room with the French .Uor, under pretended 1uepieioo eC beiag concerned with him in the robbery. ,. Frangoie at first wu shy, because be suspected that his arreat waa eamed by my inf'ormatioa; but, on being told that I was imprisoned on die 11UDe ebuge u himself, h.e opened his breut to me. I found he had, somehow or other, got filea, and had nearly made hit eecape, by cutting through the window-staneheont: he told me, if I wauld go otl' with him. he would shew me where the coacealed plate and jewels were. To this I consented; and that very night we made our eaeape. We got a canoe jut as day dawned, and paddled out to the very rock on which I found you and the shark. '' He asked me if I could dive 1 I told him thu, since my arm was broken, I was even afraid to swim, until the bone became better set. Out of the canoe went be-dived-and, in a moment, brought up the jewelled coronet of our Lady of Ceraceu, shining with its pearls, and glistening wi&h ita brilliants. "' There I said holding up the crown; this is worth one hundred thousand

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190 WABJfBB .A.8t7JfDBLL: dollars : with this, and what is below, we wili steal oft' to Trinidad ; there is enough to make men of both of us. One who is poor ie a dog; he who is rich is a man.' Although I had acted under the direction of Padre Buen Intento, who, I suspect, even caused to be supplied with files ; yet, I confess to you (may all the saints forgive me !), that when I saw the rich crown of our lady, I was tempted to join the godless French sailor in his flight to Trini dad, although, doubtless, he would have corrupted me with his impious conversation : but I made up my mind, as soon as I came to Trinidad with the plunder, to become a pious Christian. Again he dived, and brought up the heavy gold candlesticks of the cathedral ; then brought up the chalice: in short, he completely freighted the canoe with the objects of bis sacrilege. He called on me to balance the canoe while he jumped in. Now,' said he, laughing, 'we'll start along shore for the Gulf of Paria; we'll bid defiance to the bald-bead priests, and all their curses, bells, books, and candles.' And, as he said this, he made an eft'ort to leap into the canoe, when his thigh was seized by the shark well known in the Bay of La Guayra by the name of el Capitan del Puerto. The shrieking

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TBB ADVB11T17:&B8 OP A CUOLB. )9) Frenchman was dragged under water, and with horror I beheld the sea-demon cut him in two, and devour him piecemeal. In less than a minute nothing was seen of him but bis blood, which dyed the emface of the water." "And what," said I, became of' the' chureh pJate and jewels ? What should become of them 1 replied Joee, shocked at the terrible punishment which revenging Heaven had inflicted on the sacrilegious WTetcb : I immediately paddled to the shore, sent for Paiire Buen Intento, related what had taken place, restored the property, made my peace with Mother Church, and became a reformed man." "And what reward did the Italian priest bestow upon you 1" said I. He gave me abeolotion, and his blening," replied J oee.

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)92 WARNR ARUNDBLL: CHAPTER XIX. Earth felt the wound, and nature &om her IMt. Sighing through all her worb, pn 1igna of wo." Mruoir. l BAD now spent seven happy years in and about Caraccas ; I was seventeen years of age, and nearly as tall as ever I became : I was little short of six feet in height. True, my frame was slender, and better calculated for acts of agility than of strength ; although by no means de ficient in the latter quality. I passed as much of my time in open air as my studiea would admit of. Often have I slept in a chinchora," (that is, a net-work hammock, suspended from the branches of a tree), with no other covering than the foliage afforded. The fact is, I had a keen relish for sports and athletic exercises. They were generally solitary. I was but little disposed to be associated with those about me, who consisted of my fellowstudents, most of whom were devoted to gaming

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and rioting, to neither of which I wu ever inclined ; and, as t.o the bigoted profel80n, few young men would think or forming friend ships with them. I occasionally made acquaint. aaee with a few English and Freneh residenta or La Guayra and Caraccas; but these acquaintaneee never ripened into friendship, for they were mere moneymaking animals. Sometimes my old intimate, Jose Garcia, ued to chat with me ; but, having an nity or observing him closely, I found him one foorth knave, and three fourths bigot. Hia apentition, though etrong, was only enough to keep his roguery in cheek. Jose's education wu just sdicient to enable him to read certain parts of the miasal which are in daily me ; but, had his obtuse mind been ab.arpened by certain productions from Voltaire and Tom Paine, he might have been what the French, during their 6nt reYolntion, called a philosopher : in which Cllle he never would haTe gone to ehurch, but I llD DO& sure that he would not have gone to the galloWI. I wu a great fa?ourite with Profeseor O'leilly, so that I obtained all the benefit of bearing his faueiful theories. He could not a plaiD the1e to many him; for, some of them being by making them publio VOL. J,

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196 'W' A.RNBB A.RUlfDBLL : dee&n when a tropical hurricane careen over it. Her countless roofs and tall spires roee with this motion ; and, as the agitated earth eank, with the deafening roar of a thooeand thunder-clouds, her long streets and grand edifices were prostrated on the shuddering earth, burying ten thousand of her shrieking inhabitants in the ruins: the 1ubterraneons noise was now overpowered by the frightful groans which roee from the fallen city. An immense thick cloud of dust arose from the ruins below me, and mounted like a column of smoke : this, to the survivors of the valley, darkened the sun for eome minutes; while to those who, like me, stood above the city, it gave to the orb of day a deep red dye. Gradually this cleared away; pure light shone again on the nlley of Caraccas, to exhibit to the survivors of the late calamity their noble city a heap of ruins, and their kindred and friends either slain, muti lated, or buried alive under tons of overthrown building materials. Here and there the earth 1hewed dreadful chasms, newly opened; and from the mountains were burled immente rocks, or rather quarries, which rushed down the woody 1idea of the hills on the devoted city. One 1tupendous rock, weighing many hundreds of tonll, was detached from the earth above me : it plunged put me, crushing whole treea ; and,

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TBB .&DVBKTVBBB OP A CUOLB. 197 after five times croeaiDg the winding road, ou which it destroyed four mules and seven human heings, it alighted in the suburbs of the cit.f, having fallen three thouaand feet. The earthquake ceased. I breathed again, and hastily prayed : it was terror" which had &Ken" devotion's mien;" but, after a few momenta, my mind became more calm, and, con tequently, more fit for devotion : I knelt and lddreseed my Maker in mingled supplication and thaokagiving. Long and fervently I prayed, until I felt myself called upon to 111e exertion to mccoor my iellow worms-for to proud man appeared to me. Immediately after this awful demonstration of the weakness of humanity and the power of the Creator, I made my way down t.o the grand ecene of desolation ; a journey not unattended with danger and labour. The detached rocks lnquently blocked op the mountain track, and obliged me to climb &JOund and over them; The hende o( 1enral clocb, that were oYertumed without lltiDg entiftly datroyed, pointed to HHU minutel paat (our: cm dcnded -.thing lilre data, to the time when the lint lliock How long -h ehoek 1-ted, many pretend to tell with great minuteneu; but no two 1gre9 ; nor dany one llate that be held a top-watch in hi baud during thie eYent. Pmou who belieYe th.a 111rt1aquah. _,,,., haYe liule idea of the neJa a orilita&ioll ooouioaa.

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198 1URMBR A.RU1'DBLL: most of the bridges over torrents and gape were de1troyed or injured, and large rents appeared in the winding path ; most of which impediments I surmounted by climbing from tree to tree, on each side of these chasms, by means of their branches. I was young and active ; yet IO laborious wu the journey into the ruins of the city, that it took me three houri to arrive at the scene of devu tation. The moon had risen in surpassing beauty, shedding her placid light over the prostrated city and her wofal children, whose distress gared description. Dying moans, and groans of distress, mingled with cries of anguish and sym pathy: here a group of sous and daughten of a family were flinging aside rafters, tiles, and bricks, to discover, and, if not too late, relieve their buried parents : there, wildly shrieked a mother, bearing in her arms the mangled corpse of her infant : here strode a resident of the mountains over ruins, to discover, and, if possible, to assist his friends. All was distress, exertion, and confuaion : every one who escaped unhurt from this terrible visitation, exerted himself to relieve his fellows ; but there was no one to direct his labour. I at length entered a church, which had

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'J'BB .lDVBTUBJl8 OP A. CRBOLB. J 99 not been thrown down by the convulsion of Da tare, although the roof and walls were cnacked in all directions. Here were a number of prieets and old people, 1Dpplicating aid from their wood and stone saints, who were, I thought, scarcely in a condition to afford 888istance every image of them bad been overthrown. Soddenly, a ll'emoa.r of earthquake was felt, when instantly ll'08e the cry of Santa Santa Maria bu& the damaged temple withstood the slight shock. Coomdering, however, that if any other violent trembling of the earth were to occur, the di lapidated church would be the very worst place to be in, I qoi&ted it. A keen north-east wind gave me a sensation of eold, u I scrambled over masses of roins,-now and then lending a helping hand to extricate eome snft'erer, or &o drag out eome one whoae Eerioga were pueed,-ontil I arrived at the spot on which, a few hours since, stood the hoDSe of Proa.or O'Keilly. It had fallen, and killed my friend the profeaeor, Jose Garcia, aod all the eerYaDts of the establishment, save one gray-headed negro, who was sitting on an overturned pillar, weeping the fate ofhia muter and his fellow slaves, -amongst whom were his wife and three ehil dren,-all of whose bodies bad been taken out. Weary with my exertions and emotione, I

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200 W AB'NBB .ARU1'DBLL again scrambled over prostrated streets to 6nd a shelter for the night, until I came to a house that was uninjured. Here I heard several penons talk English : I solicited, and obtained an entrance. The house belonged to a Mr. W--, an English merchant. I found several Englishmen here :Ssembled, who, like myself, had been exerting themselves to aid the distressed. Strange to say, although there were many Engliah in La Guayra and Caraccas, not one of them was injured by the late awful occurrence. Some refreshments were offered me, of which I thank.fully partook, and then slept under a kind of portico. I record one fact, which does honour to the Caraqueiios : not one robbery was known to fol low the visitation of Heaven, although property of immense value lay exposed to any one who would disgrace human nature by turning thief on such an occasion. The earthquake of Caraccas prolonged the domination of Spain over Columbia. Some years before this, Miranda, eecretly instigated by the British government, sailed from Trinidad with an expedition, composed principally of adven turers who were, like himself, natives of South America. Their object was to gain the inde pendence of their native land; and their project

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TBB OP .A OJlBOLJI. 201 would have succeeded, but they were opposed by the clergy, who, at that time, were a potent body. They availed themselves of the occurrence ol the earthquake : this, they penuaded the people, was a judgment from Heaven, on account or the rebellion; hence the liberation of Co lumbia was deferred. She i8 now independent, I hope ehe will be happy. The two following days, my humble exertions to aid the distressed were renewed, amid scenes too painful, and too much alike, for description. In the suburbs of the city I found a mole quietly grazing : this animal, the worthy but eccentric Profeseor O'Keilly had presented to me bat one week previous : I also recovered some part of my wearing-apparel, and my fowlingpieee. I croeeed the mountains to La Guayra ; the bridges and gaps in the road had been roughly repaired, so that I gained the seaport without accident. I La Guayra had shared the fate of Cuaccas; it was a heap of ruins I sold my male to Jenkinson, and took my passage on board or a launch bound for 'frinidad. J[ 2

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202 .._ W.ABNBR ABUNDBLL: CHAPTER XX Pidol.-Si fortuna me tormenta, Sperato me contenta." Henry JV A Sou TR AMt.:RICAN launch is a strong,_ ugly looking vessel, of most ina.rtificial build, about sixty feet in length, and eight in width. When loaded, its gunwale is only a few inches from the water; but it has a kind of bulwark around it, composed of tarpaulin ; a deck, made of canes, or reeds, which is covered with undre811ed bulJ hides; it has two large and ill-formed latine sails, and a jib-sail. The launch I sailed in was manned with five naked Indians, and two peons, including the patron. Its cargo was of the true Noah's ark description: it was made up of wild-hog's flesh, smoked goat's ftellh; several kinds of dried fish; ropes made of various Smoked beef.

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TBB A.DTB1'T17BB8 OP A. CBBOLB. 203 kinds of palm fibres; cueada bread, ftoo.r, starch; inferior kinds of sugar loavee, called papilones ; plantaim, pompiom, Indian corn, turkeys, fow la, monkeys, macawa, parrots, parroquets, dogs: a full-grown ant-bear, or aloth, and a young tiger, in a wooden cage, completed this coJlection. The passage was long, yet by no means unpleasant. The mode of our navigation was as primitive as the construction of our veeseJ ; we bad not, nor did we need a compass, because we hugged the land the whole voyage, which was made during the nights : when the wind was mvourable we sailed; when otherwise, or calm, the Indiam rowed with broad-bladed oan, standing op while they pulled. During the day the patron .ent out a kind of wooden mudhook, compoeed of several piecea of forked guavabranehes, lashed together, which did duty for an anchor. Doring the heat of the day the crew elept; their nap luted about eleven hours. When the sun was setting they awoke, and took an enormous meal, which sened them for twentyfour holl1'8. When the sun set, up went the wooden anchor, the sails were set, or the oan put out, and away went the launch from headland to headland.

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2 04 W ABM BR ABUHDELJ.: During the day, while the crew of the launch s lept, I went ashore, and amused myself with s hooting. At night I slept soundly; the creaking o f the bulwarks, as the seamen pulled the launch, and their singing a kind of monotonous extempore s ong, acted as good soporifics The continual change o f scene, and my favourite diversion of. shooting, served to alleviate my grief. I felt for the loss o f my Caraccas friend ; but I was of an age w hen hope is too vivid to let sorrow take a deep root in the mind : hitherto I had been used to lose, but never to be destitute of friends. At length, on the eleventh day of our voyage, the launch anchored oft' the King's Wharf, in Port of pain The capital of Trinidad had been totally detroyed by fire since I left it; but, in place of the t raggling wooden streets which existed during m y sojourn there, the foundation of the finest t own in the West Indies was laid, which wu finished a few years after, under the government o f Sir Ralph Woodford. My meeting with my worthy patron, Dr. Lopez, was aft'ectionate : he had beard of the wful catastrophe at Caraccas ; the evil newt t ravelled faster than a South American launch. T he doctor's fears for my safety were at an end,

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TBB AJ>V'El4TUBB8 01' A CREOLB. 206 by my appearance; bot I brought him news of the death of his friend O'Keilly, which much affected him. The next day the doctor commenced inquiring iuto the state of my education; during which inqoiry my vanity received a severe check. I thought to surprise him with my proficiency in the dead as well as living languages ; but he treated my accomplishments rather coolly, and begged to look at some of my theses, which he examined with different eyes from em ployed by the head of the University of Caraccas : for the latter had looked for beauty of style, and pority of Latin; the doctor, on the contrary, i
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206 WA.BNBB A.BU1'DBLL: several languages, that I had been taught to think deeply in one." My worthy patron himself displayed no great depth of thought by the remark, as profundity of thought cannot be acquired by precept. The doctor counselled me not to proeecute my studies of the Spanish law, becaaae be be lieved that, in a short time, it would cease to be the law of Trinidad. To use au expreasion of Junius, he was a good lawyer, but no prophet." In 1836 the colony is still hag-ridden by a legal monster, more hideous than that of Frank enstein, having a body very like the Corp1U jwril cioilis. The laws of the Indies form its legs; one arm is made up of orders in council, the other of English common-law ; and, although it iis gifted with an English tongue, its head and features are Spanish. On my going to see if there were any letters for me at the post-office, I found one from my aunt, who bad grown very frail : abe expressed a desire to see me ere she died. Thie letter bad remained in the post-office for more than three months, although, at the arrival "f every packet, Dr. Lopez sent to ask if there were any commu So tbe Spuiilh oolooial oode i1 oalled.

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TBB 1.DV.B1'TUaa OP A cmK>LE. 207 nieation for me, and waa answered in the nega tive. This shameful kind of neglect ia ioo common throughout the West Indies. The great man of letters, Sir Francis Freeling, ehould be iulormed of this circumstance. By Dr. Lopez's direction, I immediately prepued for a voyage to Antigua; but, no opportunity ofering, I was kept two or three weeks in Trinidad waiting for a Yessel. During my short 80journ in Port of Spain, an eYent took place as alarming and as ludicrous as that which, IODle years sinee, broke up the court at St. Vincent. In the latter island a ball came into court ; but in Trinidad a much greater body, viz. a whale, tried to go to church. Instead of de8CJ'ibiog this event from my memory, I will make an extract from ao old newspaper, The Trinidad Observer,' in which it is recorded. I am the leu scrupulous in embodying the Wlowiog aketch into these memoirs, becauee 1 originally wrote it ; therefore there is no plagiariam in the case; for, according to Tony Lampkin, a man may rob himeelf at any time.

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W ARlfBB ilUlfDBLL : A TALE OF A WHALE. Who eTer heary a tale afore Of big &1h left in a lon:h 1 No 10mebody eabby a whale afore Take path for go in a church.' NqnS-,. TeB busy hum of man had ceasednothing was heard but the buz of insects, which, as Bryan Edwards saye, produces a pleasing sound,' not withstanding the reflection that the notes of some of them (the mosquito, for example,) are pre ceded, accompanied, or followed by a sting: besides these sounds, the stillness occasionally wu broken by a thousand cocks, which, in thit island, crow through the night; and the barking of a thousand dogs, which keep op a continual chorus. As the incessant yells of these curs preclude their being of any use aa watch-dogs; as nobody here keeps hunting-dogs in town ; and aa the beat of the climate puts lap-dogs out of the question, I have yet to learn why these canine ene mies of Somnus are permitted to murder sleep' in this town. However, with the exception of those weak sounds, all was tranquil in Port of Spain. Soddenly was heard a lowing, moaning-in

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TBB A.DVB11T11BD OP .l CBBOLB. 2()g lhort, an indescribable noise, each u imagination might give to an enormous ox the 1ize of Tamuaa Mountain. 'What could it bet' asked all who beard it, -that is to say, all the inhabitants of the town : no one could tell. Some conjectured it W'8I the IOUDd of artillery, eaaaed by a eea-fight : this it coald not be-it was not so distant: others took it for the rumbling which preceded an earthquake; bat then, again, it was not a 1abterraoe-0111 noise. Whatever was the cause, the my1t.eriou notes, like the ominoUB "oice which the Scotch usurper heard, bid the deoW!n1 of Port of Spain sleep no more.' The sounds grew louder and louder : mingled prayers were heard in English, French, and Spanish; and I regret being obliged to record, that cuJ'lel, not dlJep bat lowl,' were uttered in the three languages : these were, no doubt, Died u mere interjectioDS, upreuive of astonishment. Many were the mosqaito dOlle8. swallowed to allay alarm ; and many were the vows of repentance : these were so lineere, that eome of them were remembered six boan after. Darkne11, which inereuee fear, at length began to disappear; yet the indescribable sound continueduntil, for a moment, it wu lost in a louder noile, for the morning gun wu discharged

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210 W ARKBR ARUKDBLL : from the sea.fort ; and, 88 its echo died away amongst the mountains, and on the placid Gui( of Paria, it was answered by the cracked bell of the old Catholic church, which announced the time for celebrating early mase. In all the streets leading to the church might be seen crowds of decently dressed females, followed by little niggars,' carrying chairs and prayer books ; and even a few men were obse"ed walking towards the time worn edi&ce. AB these approached the church, the noise that had rendered the preceding night sleepless became louder, and, on their arrival, it was explained; for on the shore, near the church, was seen a rudis indigeataque mules, which, 88 Polooios b1S it, was very like a whale;' (two novel quota tions, by the by). The leviathan had been pur sued by a thrasher and a swordfish, until it ran ashore, and the receding tide bad lef't it high and dry.' I suppose this, as there ie no authentic instance of a whale going to church as the old negro song from which I take my motto wisely observes. Any whale that is found on the shores of Britain becomes the property of their majeeties, the head falling to the share of the king, and the tail to the queen,-in order, as our lawyers ay, to supply their wardrobes with whalebone:

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TBB 4DVB1'TU8BS OP A C8BOLB. 2J J this being rather a wbimaieal reason, considering that wiefol whalebone is found in the bead alene. But here, the royal elaim it either unknon or disregarded ; so that the 6sh wu eomidered the property of all those who chose to cot blubber otF it; and all who, having Roasian appetites, took. slices of its red fleeh for their breaktuts. Many of those who, the preceding night, were terrified by the bellowing of the stranded fish, now laughed at their fear, and seized on axes, adzes, and cutlasses, to revenge tbem&eles on the unfortunate cause of their alarm, aud to eeenre a part of the prize. All was bustle: The fishermen forsook the ltrand, The swarthy smith took dirk in hand,' to hack and hew the poor whale, who proteited most loudly against the inhospitable treatment. It is true that the fish could ate bot one of the nine parts of speech-that is to say, the inter jeetion; but this he employed, ore moet lustily : insomuch that it disturbed the devotion of the few in the church, as Padre Arestimone that day said JD88S to a thin congregation. The cutting and slashing of the whale

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W ARNBR ABUNDBLL : proceeded rapidly; bot it never once occurred to aby one of those on or around it to secure the fish. This was everybody's business to do; but, as usual with everybody's busine1111, nobody did it. The whale's bellowings bad become fainter, and at length had ceased. His butchers, there fore, conceived, ''Twas greaae, but living grea.ae no more.' The fish was thought dead stock: few supposed he would become floating capital. "' I say, you lubbers!' said the mate of a London vessel, formerly in the Greenland trade, you are not llacting according to Oil (he was a cockney.)-Wby don't you run a harpoon into him, and belay it to that ere Aorue with a line?' The only one who took notice of this good advice was a negro boatman, who, like the whale, was half seas over (the tide had risen); and he replied in an old proverb, giving it a new reading,-' Ebbery body for myself.' The dissection proceeded ; when suddenly Rose 6-om sea to sky the wild farewell Theo shrunk the timid, and stood still the brave.' In short, the whale, by a desperate effort, dashed

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TBll ADVB1'TUJUl8 OP .l CllBOLB. 213 fiom the strand into the middle of the gulf, earrying about twenty involuntary paaeengen on hie lacerated back; while the unfeeling spectaton on shore gave them three cheers as they went oft: Here Wal a scene which may be imagined more easily than described : it could be well picted by Cruikshank. Johnny Gilpin flying by the Bell at Edmonton, on the back of a restive hone, is a eabjecl flat, 1ta1e, and unprofitable.' compared to the view or the dingy inhabitants or Port of Spain going to sea on what they erroneously supposed was the back of a dead whale. Away they went, shrieking, yelling, blubbering, and wailing, until the fish, by sinking, washed them oft' his back. 11 I am happy to be enabled to say, that all the crew which performed this unprecedented Yoyage were safely landed : this wa1 owing to their being all good swimmers, and to the pro.mpt 118Utance obtained from 6ehing canoes. They eteaped the jaws of sharks and baracoutas (creole cod-tish), who were employed more profitably in punning the whale than in attacking hie late tormentors .. What became of leviathan has never been ueertained ; it is supposed that, wishing to indict the inhabitants of Port of Spain for cutting

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214 W.A.B'KBB .A.RU'KDBLL: and maiming, under the black act, he caused a meeting of all the sea-lawyen in the Gulf of Paria." Sailor call aharb --latoycn, and denominate lawyen laa4 IMrks. I know Dot for what reuon, u no two thillp CID be more diuimilar than lawyen and aharb.

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TBB ADVB1'TUBU OP A CBBOLB. 216 CHAPTER XXI .. A -tagntion labouring in her W'OIDb. Duk ad oluminou the npoun rise, Aad hmg their horrors in the ueilhbouring akiee; While thotagh the Stygian gloom that biota the day, hi daaliog atreab the rind lighminga play." CoW'Pla. A nw days after this event I embarked for Antigua, on board of' a cotter called the Sea Fairy,-a beautiful ve88el, built at the Bermudas, or the cedar of those islands The captain of' this passage-boat was a negro, called Joe Rogers, a Bermudian, and, like most of' bis countrymen, or rather fellow-islanders, a marine Jiiek-of-all-trades; viz. a ship-builder, rigger, sailmaker, caulker, sea-cook, wrecker, smuggler, Baher, whale-fisher, pilot, and privateer s-man. Joe had seen the world. He had, as he informed me, been captured by a French frigate, and sold aa a slave in Martinique, whence he attempted

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216 W .A.RNBB ARUKDBLL : to escape in a boat with three others ; when they were picked up by a Dotch privateer, and Joe was to act as cook, ontil, on the arrival of the Dutchman in the Channel, he planned another escape, which, from its nature, could only have originated in the brain of a semi ampbibious native of Bermuda. He secretly got a quantity of corks, which he sewed op in various parts of bis dress, especialJy his pockets ; and, with bis habiliments thus rendered buoyant, he determined to jump overboard in the Channel and swim ashore, as soon as he was informed which was the English coast. In this attempt fortune favoured him. In coming home, the Dutchman ran a-head of his reckoning, and, on a foggy morning, found himself nearer the Cornish coast than he either wished to be or calculated on being ; when all hands were haatily piped to put the ship about. During the bustle occasioned by this event, Joe jumped overboard. "We were," said the negro, "hardly eight miles from the shore, which, you know, sir, an't nothing of a swim for a Porgie, even if I hadn't the corks." After half an hour s swimming, he was picked up by an English brig-of-war. He gave inform& A favourite liab or the Bermudian, aod heooe DSti'l'M or the Bermudu are called Porgie.

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TBB AD'VB1'TUB'.B8 OP A C&BOLB. 217 tion of the Dutch printeer : the latter was pur111ed and captured; and the captain of the brig, tD reward Rogen, impressed him. The poor illow served, as he expreesed it, tlie majesty, for ten years, during which time he got tour wounda and lost three of hie fingen, and then obtained his clieeharge, a 8111all pension, and a good deal of prir.e-money, with which he returned to the still vexed Bennutbes ; for it is a well-known fact, that the Bermuda negro fears exile more than llaTery -at least, the mitigated slavery of Bermuda. Thia circumstance confers honour both on the bondsman and the master. HoweTer, Joe, for a very little sum, obtained his free paper," and bis old master employed him, giving him the charge of the Sea Fairy We set sail at noon, cleared the Bocas ere eTeoing, and the next morning were oft' Cariacou, running with the wind three points free -when utern we discovered a sutpicious-looking achoo ner, which immediately gave clutse to us. Joe, being confident of outaailing the schooner, hoisted British colours : the strange vessel in formed us she was an enemy, in as plain language as her bow-chasers could speak ; but the shot, although well intended, fell abort of the mark. Joe took the helm, and kept the enemy's TOL. I. L

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218 WARNER ARUNDBLL two masts in one, as he called it ; that is, he kept right ahead of her, so that the bow-guns she from time to time fired, retarded the schooner. The cutter suddenly went about, and ran close under one of the numerous Grenadines. Good-by, momieur soupe-maigre cried the Bermudian; "you'll not catch me this time: Joe Rogers wont be sold again to dig cane-holes after having served the majesty ten years." The chase was interesting. Had we been in the open sea, and the breeze.a little stronger, the schooner might have captured us, but the light wind suited our beautiful cutter to a crack ; she drew less water than did our pursuerscon sequently, could run into creeks, and so near the land that the schooner dared not follow us. Joe evidently knew the Grenadines better than did those on board the schooner ; which causes all combined to favour the escape of the Sea Fairy. In a short time the enemy's hull was below the horiz?n, then her lower wls disap peared; and, _on running round Mustique, we completely lost sight of her. Joe having heard from a fisherman off Mus tique that an English brig-of-war was cruising to windward of St. Vincent, he beat up to the north ward of that island, where he fell in with her,

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TRB ADVBKTURBS 01' A CRBOLB, 219 ran his cutter under her counter, and gave information of the privateer being amongst the Grenadines. Can I depend on your information?" said the captain. "To be sure you can: do you think I'd deceive you after I've se"ed tAe majesty for ten years?" ImmediateJy the man-of-war was put about in pnrsuit of the echooner ; and, as she left us, we heard her drums beat to quarters. She, however, did not succeed in capturing the privateer. Several months after this she was taken near Barbadoes, but not until she had done great damage to our colonial trade. A light wind now carried us opposite the Bay ofChatean Belair. We were completely becalmed all night. About midnight I heard what I took to be a peal of artillery from the interior of the island. I went on deck to ascertain the cause of this alarm. Scarcely had I got up the companion ladder, ere I supposed one of the crew was throw ing sand on me from above. I called out for such as were playing their practical jokes to desiat : no one replied, and this unaccountable pelting continued : the skipper told me it had been falJing all night, but he was ignorant of the cause. 1 looked above, and found the sky the

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220 WARNER ARUNDBLL: darkest I ever beheld ; the sand-storm and sin gular report contimied. I remained awake the whole night, which seemed interminable. Morning at length arrived, but she arose not with thot1e blushes with which she generally greets the Caribbean Sea. Slowly and sullenly the gloom of night retreated, and was succeeded by a dismal twilight: hours passed, but the f'aee of heaven did not brighten, although the sun was many degrees above the horizon. The fall of sand, mingled with ashes, continued until the aurfaee of the sea seemed discoloured ; the bold outlines of St. Vincent were the same as I before beheld them, but its beautiful hues were gone; her tree crowned mountains, c11ltivated vaJleys, galba fenced plantations, picturesque villages, and gushing cascades, bore but one ash-like hue; the very air was so mingled with the sand-shower that it appeared of a gray die. My attention was now called to the Souffriere, or volcanic mountain. This is the last of a chain called Morne a Garou: it poured out volumefl of thin black smoke, together with the sbowen of sand, which fell in every direction for the dis tance of thirty leagues. Mum, iu creole French, &igoiliea 11 hill: I believe thi1 word i1 a prov iuc:iali1m.

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TBB ADVB!fTUBBS OP A CRBOLB, 221 Not a breath of air stirred ; we were, therefore, COD8trained to lie off the Bay of Cbateau Belair all day. Noon came, but the sky aaeumed the hoe of midnight; for the mah of smoke from the volcano had completely overclouded the whole atmosphere. Gradually, the volumes which burst from the crater U81lmed a red hue, expanded, and rose with awful rapidity, and with a roar so deafening u to spread alarm through every island lying within two buodred miles of St. Viucent Birds were beat to the ground, the starving cattle ran, bellowing, about the sand-covered pastures, and the shrieking IodiaBS and negroes urged their flight to the capital. The air became hot and sulphurous, and the island shook by repealed ear&hquakes ; not, iodeed, aoeh visible undulations as I lately beheld overturn the city of Caraecas : the surface of St. Vincent trembled with a horizontal motion. The gloomy evening was succeeded by a night palpably obscure; the dome of heaven was com pletely overclouded by the volcanic canopy, and eeemed as starlese as a subterranean vault: the gigantic torch of the Souffriere rendered the dark neu visible. A conflagration now rose from its summits in the form of a reversed pyramid, ap parently as huge as the whole island. The extent

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222 WARMER ARU1'DBLL : of this fire may be gue88ed when the reader is informed that it burst from a new crater one mile in extent ; and the terrible outlet of the Java formed but the apex of this fiery triangle, over which hung masses of clouds of truly Stygian hue and density. These clouds were continually rent in all directions by what appeared to be electric flashes; while large globes of igneous matter were hurled in every direction over the island, setting fire to it in a hundred places. The Sea Fairy lay to the north-east of the Souffriere. The lava poured out from the new and rushed down towards us: opposed by a high point of land, the liquid flame accumulated until it assumed the appearance of an infernal lake"; augmented by fresh streams of Java, it arose above its mountain barrier and precipitated itself towards the sea, carrying down with it an immense wreck of rock. and burning wood. Be fore midnight this cataract of fire reached the sea, while another burning torrent rolled down the eastern side of the mountain. An earthquake now shook the island ; this was succeeded by a fall of cinders ; a more alarm ing shower of stones, mixed with fire, followed : the latter lasted until near daylight. It fortunately happened that the stones sent from the volcano were very light ; hence, few J

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TBB A.DVB.l!fTURB8 01' A. CBBOLB. 223 were hurt, and fewer slain. From the immense quantity of ashes which covered the island and the Grenadines, famine was apprehended : this wu obviated by the prompt humanity of the nejgbbouring colonies. One plantation (that belonging to Theeega) was so completely covered with volcanic matter that it was obliged to be abandoned. The negroes and Indians a,ccoonted for this by saying, that the blaek Caraibs, who formerly held the lands of this estate, bad put a malediction on it previous to their going into exile. Geologists, who have been compared to an imect on the back of an elephant, speculating on ita intestines, declared that this extraordinary eruption was connected with the earthquake of
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W .l.B1'BR il1T1'DELL : CHAPTER XXII. What lltrallge ennt, what aggranted ain t They stand conricted or a darker ain." H..i.1t1u Moaa. MY aunt appeared to be in a dying state; but had her physician supposed she would die every day for the last four months, and she lingered on for fourteen months more. Through life she was of a dilatory disposition, and she absolutely seemed to procrastinate her death. On my arrival she again sent for the doctor, and asked him to tell her, candidly, if ehe had any chance of re covery : he answered her in the negative. On hearing this, she ordered every one out of the room except myself; she then rose, and bade me open a part of the mattrass on which she lay : she told me to take out a fragment of an old silk gown, in which was sewed up a quantity of gold Spanish and Portuguese coins, to the amount of about two hundred joee.

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TBB ADVB1'TUBB8 OP A CRBOLB. 225 "Here, Warner," said the old lady; "your father lent me, just after I married, twice the mm which is here. I might have noted this in my will, or bequeathed you the sum ; but I have no faith iu wills-I always thought them unlucky : nobody ever gets any thing from wills in the West Indies but executors. I am sure, if I left you two hundred joee, yon would never get it; so I give it you, or rather pay you half what I owed your fiuher. But if I should recover (and I am only eighty-two and there is old Mrs French, who is hearty, and lives on chocolate, although she is one hundred and eeven)-bur what was I saying 1 ab, yes if I sboaild recover, then, Warner, I trust in your honour, as the eon of a gentleman, to give me back the two hundred joee; became, yon know, you could never force me to pay you, for your father made me sign no paper when be lent me three thousand dollars. However, I give you all the money I have by me, in cue I sboaild die, as an act of ju11tice; but don't let any of your cousins know a word about it. Perhaps the doctor is right, and I am on my deathbed ; therefore, promise me, Warner Arun dell, always to act as a gentleman, in never suffering any one to insult you with impuni&y." The little traits of eelfishne88 which my aunt's speech betrayed did not much impress me with L2

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226 WA.RNBR A.RUNDELL: reverence for her: however, I promised to fulfil her requests. The day after this interview with my aunt, I visited my father's Antigua estate, now put out to dry-nurse under the superintendence of Messrs. Keen and Leech, of St. Christopher's, merchants who kept their books with great regularityespecially the debit sides. When the slaves learned that I was the son of their old master, their reception of me was painfully affecting. All the old people, who re membered the kind treatment which they expe rienced from my father, kissed me, and wept like children. The whole gang blessed me, and prayed that I might inherit my rights, and become their master. One and all complained of the most inhuman treatment which they experi enced from the manager of the estate, an Eng lishman, of the name of Lowery. It is a remark able fact, that, with the exception of emancipated slaves, Europeans, in general, make far more oppressive slave-owners than creoles. I inquired into their complaints, and disco vered that they were too well founded : I therefore immediately laid them before the attorney-general, whose duty it was to attend to such charges. This officer, with both zeal and abilities, redressed the grievances of the poor people. He instantly

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TBB ..lDVB1'TURBS OP A CRBOLB. 227 caused Lowery to be arreated, and a strict investigation to be made into his alleged offences : the result was, be was fined and imprisoned. For the credit of Antigua, I most record, that, after his imprisonment, Lowery was so uni'mally scouted, that he was obliged to leave the island. He went to the 80uthern states of Ame rica, where be continually abuses his country; which, he says, is completely enslaved,-without recollecting his own tyranny, and that his adopted land of freedom contains three millionas of the least protected and most degraded slaves in existence. I was so pleased with the conduct of the attorney-general, that I called to congratulate him: he observed, that he had only done his duty. Good God added Mr. Attorney, had I not prosecuted this Lowery, what would they have eaKl in England ? I suggested, that it was our duty, in the colonies, to mitigate the evils of slavery by punishing its abuses, without regard to what might be said or thought elsewhere. "Right, young gentleman," said the attorney general ; your eentiments do you honour : it becomes us all to love justice for the sake of her intrinsic beauty. I am most happy in being the instrument of exposing and punishing the inbu-

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W AR1'BR AKU1'DBLL : manity of this scoundrel; it will let them know, in Downing Street, that we crown-ofticen of the colonies are not unmindful of our duty. The proeeeution and conviction of this Lowery will make quite a sensation in the Colonial Office : I should not be astonished if I were to be ap pointed to the fint vacant judgeship that occurs in the West Indies. Young as I was, I had sufficient penetration to perceive that, while the attorney-general talked of loving justice for the eake of her intriDBic beauty, he had an eye to the first vacant judge ship. Poor human nature! he who would think well of you, should endeavour to find apologies for all the backsliding& of mankind ; but, when he beholds any one perform a laudable action, he should not too curiously pry intO the motives which instigated it. Me88re. Keen and Leech gave orders to Lowery's succe880r not to admit me on the estate: these orders I set at defiance. I sent wl>rd to the manager to recollect that I violated no law in visiting my rightful property, and, therefore, would defend myself, if he dared attempt to turn me oJF: of this I had little fear. I always went on the plantation during the day, when I was surrounded by my father's faithful slaves, who would have risked being Sayed alive rather than

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TBB ADTDTO'BU OP A OBEOLB, 229 laTe allowed me to be inaolted. This fact the manager knew, and, being of a pacific di1poeition, affected not to eee me. I 8000 became wearied with the eamene88 of Ansigna ICellery, and its Lundy-foot coloured IOil. This caoeed me to visit St. Christopher' 1. This island beal"8 the same Terdant and moontaiooua aspect as Grenada and St. Vincent. It is a beautiful colony; but I would adriae its in habitants to look oot for a commodity of good names : why this fine country should be called St. .K.itt'e, its inhabitants be deaignated Kittiforrians, and two of its noblest prospects be called Brimatone Hill and Mount Misery, cannot be euily explained. On Tieiting my father's St. Christopher' estate, a similar scene took place between the negroee and myself, ae that which was acted at Antigua ; bat with this dift'erence,-the manager wu an old man of exemplary humanity, and all the negroes were lood in his praise. It appeared that, during my father's life, he had been an overeeer on the IUDe plantation. On my arrival on the estate, with true West Indian frankneu and hospitality, thia worthy old gentleman, whose name was Codrington, came to me and begged me to spend a JtaT ur two toith him : he called all the negroes

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230 WARNBR ARUNDBLL before the house, told them I was the son of their old master, gave them the rest of the day for a holiday, sent them five gallons of rum belonging to the estate, and a fat sheep and two dozen of madeira from his own store, to make merry withal A negro ball was the consequence of this munificence. Invitations were sent to Codriogton and myself, which were accepted. The orchestra consisted of a cracked fiddle, miniu the first string, three African drums, two tam bourines, and a triangle. This music, although it mocked all tune, did not mar the skill, for most creoles dance remarkably well. The hearty manager frisked beneath the burden of three!!Core," to the tune of Go to the devil and shake yourself." I danced with his grand daughter, a very pretty girl of fifteen, three or four shades darker than her grandfather. These proceedings were by no means approved of by Messrs. Keen and Leech, who sent wonl to Codringtoo to order me oft' the estate. To this message the latter refused compliance, de claring that, while he bad charge of the estate, he would admit whom be chose on it. He fur ther threatened to leave the plantation instantly. This the worthy partners by no means relished, for reasons which I may explain at some future

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TBB ADVBNTtJRB8 OP A CRBOLB. 23) period. They wanted to keep on good terms with Codriogton ; hence I was allowed to visit the property as I chose. Meeel'8. Keen and Leech began to look on me with alarm, and it became evident they wished that I had been swallowed up by the earthquake at Caraccas. After a few days, they sent Mr. Arnold, their bead clerk, to me, to propose purchasing a commi88ion for me in a West Indian regiment, and charging the same to my Cather's encumbered estates. In order to induce me to accept of this offer, Mr. Amold said, "that such was the mortality amongst the officers in the West India station, that I might raleuJate on rapid promotion ., This obsenatioo had the contrary effect it was intended to have. I had as little fear of death a11 most young men, bot I did not like to expose myself to bloody wan and sickly seasons," in order to gratify the amiable wish of Me88rs. Keen and Leech. I proposed that they should allow me three hundred p<>unds per annum until I came of age, in order to enable me to prosecute my legal studies. To this they would by no means agree : they said the bar in England was overstocked, and as to colonial legal practice, they declared it most unprofitable. The fact is, they feared, if I became a lawyer, I should too

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J 232 W' A.BKBR ilONDBLL : soon discover their mo&t profitable colonial il legal practice. After two days spent in negociating, they finally agreed to allow me two hundred and fifty pounds sterling per annum, on condition that I instantly went to England to study medicine. I left St. Christopher's for Antigua, to take leave of my bed-ridden aunt and thoughtless coosiu, previous to my elllbarking on board the Tickler, a ship lying at St. John's, and partly belonging to Messrs. Keen and Leech. I must here relate a circumstance connected with my visit to St. Christopher's, which will shew the effect of old West India prejudice. In coming away from Basseterre, just as I was getting into a boat, a negro, apparently inebriated, put a letter into my hand, and said that he bad been looking for me half the day. I was belated, for the small sloop which was to carry me to Antigua was under weigh, and had a favourable slant of wind. I took the letter, jumped into the boat, and, fearing to miss my passage, caught hold of an oar, and pulled until I got alongside. As soon as I was on board, the vessel made all sail for Antigua, run ning, with the wind oft' her beam, at the rate of The etpitel o( St. Cbriatopber'e.

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TBB .A.DVB1'TVlt&8 O .A. CBBOLB. 233 eight bots an boul'. We were half ovel' before I recollected that I bad not read the letter. I broke the aeal, and round it to be from one of my brothen; for it appears I had five, and two sisten, of wboee aisteoee, up to that moment, I never heard. The fact was, that previous to my father's marriage he had a large family or coloured children : theee, although neglected and looked down upon in eonsequence of having committed the sin or bearing a brown complexion, were, in every eense of the word, respectable. The lettel' ran thaa:-"SIR. Buletene, July 18tt. I eoPB you will not be oWended at your coloured brothers taking the liberty of writing to JOO ; but, having heard or your bold and humane eondoct, in vindicating the cause of our late fatJiers oppreseed slaves in Antigua, we (that it, our brodaen, William, Henry, Clarence, George, our listen, J aue and Anne, and myself) judged you to have too good a heart to look with acorn on your poor coloured brothers and sitters. Jane, who saw you at Government House, said yo reeembled our lamented rather, and had nch a kind-hearted look, that she was sure you did not know she was your sister, or you never

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234 WARNBR .!RUNDBLL: would have pused her so coolly, although the tears were in the poor girl's eyes. I hope, Mr. Warner, we shall not offend you in what we propose. We are all, thank God, well to do in the world, and know that, although you are our youngest brother, you are the head of the family, because you are a white man. We the ref ore beg that you will come and live with us: we will maintain you as a gentleman ; and, when you are of age, between us we will find money enough to make Keen and Leech give you back your rightful property. We advise you not to enter into any arrangement with these scoundrels. Do, good Mr. Warner, remain with us at St. Kitt's; we all love you; and dear sisters Jane and Anne, although both married, will take much care of you, and be as kind to you as sisten should be to a younger brother. Hoping these lines will give you no offence, I remain, dear Warner, Your dutiful Brother, RODNEY ARUNDELL. To WARNER A.RUNDBLL, E1q.'' While reading this affecting and aft'ec tionate letter, I was obliged to pause repeatedly,

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TBB A.DVB1'Tt1BB8 OP A CRBOLB. 235 in order to wipe away the first warm tears I bad shed for many years. My kind brothers and sisters were offering to act as my parents, and yet addressing me in the bumble style of slaves, fearing to give offence while they were inspiring me with gratitude. I, in a moment, recalled the features of my poor sister Jane, as she regarded me, with tears in her eyes, at Govern ment House ; and, while her warm heart over flowed with affection, she feared to accost me, lest, influenced by the abominable prejudice of the West Indies, I shonld repulse her sisterly loTe, and treat her with scorn. Such was the acenl"lled distinction which existed between mem bers of the same family, whose complexion dif fered. I begged the skipper of the passage-boat to put back, in order that I might visit my worthy hrothen and sisters ; but neither entreaties nor protrers of bribes could induce him to do this. He ea.id be had letters from the house of Keen and Leech to the captain of the Tickler, which must be immediately delivered : in fact, the skipper was the agent of these people. On my arrival in Antigua I hired the swiftest boat I could find, which I despatched with a letter to my affectionate family. In my epistle I expreeeed such sentiments as any one not dead to

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236 W ARNBR A.RU'NDBLL : all emotions which do honour to human nature should feel. I regretted that the intoxicated mesenger of my brother did not give me his letter till the moment I was getting into the boat, and that I did not read it until I was half way to Antigua. I further informed them, that I could not return to St. Christopher's at pre..cient, because the vessel on board which I pledged myself to take my departure was expected to sail in a day or two ; if I missed my p888age in the Tickler, I could not go until next year, for she was the only ship that was to sail before the hurricane season, so that I should have to wait for the next convoy, which would not sail, perhaps, for six months. I implored my brothers, or one of them, to come over to Antigoa by the return ol the boat, and bid me farewell ere I crossed the Atlantic. Away went the boat, as swift as six oars could propel her, the coxwain promising me to be back in sixteen hours. The next morning I anxiously looked for the return of the boat-but abe came not ; noon arrived, but uo boat appeared; the sun was declining, and I looked in vain at the harbour for the boat I bad despatched for my brothers. My anxiety now became intolerable, for the captain of the Tickler sent me word that he would sail the next morning at eleven. I ac_

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TBB ADVBKTUBES OP .A CBBOLB, 237 cued myself with having treated with neglect my afectiooate brother, and even meditated breaking my engagement to sail with the ship, rather than leave the West Indies without an inteniew with my family. Walking up and down the wharf to look out mr the boat, I OTerheard one merchant ask auother, who W88 using a spy-glass, what Yl!llel that wae which was beating up to get into tbe harbour ? I can't make her out yet," said he of the telescope. Soon the veseel, which was a ballahoo schooner, made another tack ; and he said, I see it' Rodney Arundell's ballahoo: what, I wonder, brings him to St. John's t I 1Uppose it is pastengers, for bill deck seems crowded with men, women, and children." This was sufficient information for me ; I at once comprehended that my brotben, sisters, and their families, were coming to visit me. The ballahoo soon worked through the harbour, and ran within fifty feet of the shore ere she came to an anchor. I called for a boat to go on board: none coming readily, in a moment I threw off my jacket, waistcoat, and shoes; and, regardless of sharks, plunged into the water, swam alongside, a.ad, while the vessel was swinging round to the uchor, I caught a rope, jumped into the main

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WA.B.NBB A.BUll'DBLL: chains, thence on deck, and ruahed, dripping as I was, into the'arms of my brothers and sisters. The scene which now ensued was one of such intense pleasure that it operated on the feelings like pain : had not the fountains of my heart overflowed, it would have burst, as my affectionate and long-neglected sisters and brothers embraced me. I will not dwell longer on this interview, which, even now, I cannot think of without strong emotion. If the complexion of my re latives indicated they were natural children, their conduct demonstrated they were natural brothers and sisters. My family was larger than I calculated: until the last two days I knew not of the existence of either a brother or sister. I had no less than seven of them : all these had families of children, which they brought to see me; so that I was introduced to an extensive and fine collection of nephews and nieces. The Arundells were ever a prolific generation. I slept not that night, but spent it, on board of the ballahoo, in recounting all I had heard and seen, and asking and answering questions : the replies bore about the same proportion to the in terrogatories as one bears to ten. The next morning I took leave of my Antigua friends, and went again on board of my brothen'

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TBB A.DVBJfTUBBS OP A CBEOLB. 239 vessel, where I took breakfast. The captain of the Ticklermade a signal for the passengers to embark, on which my brothers' ballahoo ran alongside the ship, and placed on board, by way of sea stores, such a collection of sheep, goats, turtle, poultry, plantains, yams, sweet potatoes, edoes, arrow root, Guinea and Indian corn, cayenne pepper, fiery pickles, guava-jelly, pine-apples, tamarinds, and so many kinds of fruits, both fresh and preserved, that I was well provisioned to go round the world on a voyage of discovery. The hour of arrived : my brothers embraced me, and wished me good lock ; my poor sisters kissed me, and prayed God to bless me. I experienced that heaviness of heart which none can conceive who have not bid farewell to dear friends, when they know they will not meet again for years. As the ship achieved the dangerous navigation amongst the reefs which surrounded Antigua, my brothers' vessel, with all the family on board, aceompanied us. When we got into the open sea, the vessels separated; my brothers gave three cheers, by way of exhilarating me after our mournful leave-taking, and my dear sisters waved their handkerchiefs to me while we continued in sight of each other.

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240 WAB'NBB ABU'NDBLL: CHAPTER XXIII. And now I'm in the world alone, Upon the wide, wide 1ea." BYROlf. WREN the mournful thought11 which always attend the separation of mends had somewhat abated, I was presented by the captain to my fellow-passengers It bas often been observed, that nothing brings people so well acquainted, and in so short a time, as being confined in the same cabin during a voyage. The viciSBitudes of the weather, the tedium of unemployed time, and the want of a hundred little comforts to which landsmen are accustomed, and which are not to be found on board the best provided ships, are severe tests of the tempers of passengers; and the small space in which the little community of the cabin are necessitated to move, brings them in such con tinual contact, that he who has sailed four thoo-

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TBB A.DVBlfT17Bll8 OP A CBBOLllo 24) sand miles as fellow pu!Mlnger with another, generally knows more of him than he could learn b1 living together in the same houee for twenty years : hence, in a short time, I soon became well acquainted with all the inmates of the cabin of the Tickler, whom I shall proceed to describe, beginning with the officers of the ship. Fint, let me speak of the sailing captain," u he was called by the crew. Captain Medway na a native of Surrey; a rough-spun seaman, who was always swearing at the crew, but was civil and obliging to the passengers. He used to excuse his laugoage to his men by reminding us that they were not Englishmen, but men of all nations. This was common in the merchant service during the war. If," said Medway, "I spoke polite English to these Frenchmen and Dutchmen, they would not understand me; but when I swear at them, they know well enough what I mean because why?an English d-mme, like an English guinea, is well understood, and passes current all over the world." Medway classified European (oreigners into two divisions : all born to the northward of Great Britain be denominated Dutchmen, and all to the southward he called Frenchmen. Medway was a good practical sailor-few VOL. I. JI

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242 WA.BNBR A.BUNDBLL: men could better manage a ship when under canva.."8 ; but bis ignorance of the theoretical part of navigation was astonishing. The latitude he could contrive to discover by means of his quad rant and 'John Hamilton's Moon Tables.' He did this, however, merely by rote, without shew ing the slightest knowledge of the principles on which those tables were conetructed. Having no chronometer on board, he wu obliged to depend on his "dead reckoning" for his know ledge of the longitude ; for of lunar obse"ations, to make use of one of the fighting captain's" expressions, he knew as much about them as a dog knows of his father.'' My readers must be rather puzzled at the expressions, sailing captain" and fighting captain," on board a merchantman. I will ex plain. During the voyage out, the ship was under the command of Captain Trevallion, and Medway was his mate. The former wu a native of Cornwall, and as brave and skilful a seaman as ever fought or sailed; but, having been an old privateer's man, he was little calculated fur the merchant service, being much too fond of fighting. He had orders from the owners of Dead reckoning" me111111 the aituation oC the ship, eaJ. cnlated according to the diatance run, without regard to ,obeer ntiou made by quldrant or aextallt.

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TBB A.DVB1'TUU8 07 .A CBBOLB. 243 the Tickler to run oot to Antigua u quick u he could, without the couvoy, and, should he meet with an enemy, to avoid an engagement, ii poeaible ; if not, to make a running fight of it, and, at all events, to aim only at beating oft' hie opponent TrevaJlion, however, little regarded these orders. In the middle of the Atlantic he met with and relieved the crew of a sinking veS&el, joat as she was going down. Hence the Tickler became well manned. A few days after this event, a French corvette gave chase to her. Trevallion took the helm, and, by false steering, allowed the enemy to gain oo him. SodJenly he pot about, ran acroes the bows of the corvette, and raked her. The Frenchman found be had caught a Tartar." Nevertheless, he fought bravely, as Frenchmen 1111l8lly do, but shewed little skill in the en gagement. After considerable loss of men, he contrived to bring his corvette yardarm and yard-arm with the Tickler; and the fight wu maintained on more equal terms. The corvette was more numerously manned, and bad more guna; bot the decks of the Tickler were much higher. The Frenchman muatered his crew in the waist, preparatory to his boarding the ship. Trevallion had foreseen and prepared against this eYent. He had broken away a part of his

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244 W A.BNBR ABUNDBLL : quarter bulwark; wheeled round one of his quarter-deck guns, until its muzzle became almost pointed forward -it was charged with musket-balls. He depressed the piece, leveJled it himself, and fired it amongst the intended boarders. The gnn went overboard ; but its dis. charge was murderous to the enemy. After this, they again attempted to board, but, weakened in numbers, they were repulsed with ease. The third attempt to board the Tickler so far suc ceeded that they gained the deck of the ship; but, after a smart hand-in-hand engagement, they were driven partly into the sea, and partly back to their own vessel. The corvette then at tempted to sheer off, but conld not effect her escape. The wadding of one of the Tickler's guns had lodged between the stern -poet and the rudder of the corvette ; this prevented her going about. Trevallion availed himself of this acc i dent, and got his vessel in such a position as to rake her over the stern ; this he did so effectually that the was obliged to strike, having three-fourths of her crew killed or wounded. The account of this action I had from the supercargo. It tended to raise Trevallion more in the estimation of the Patriot Committee than i n that of bis owners. True, he had made a

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TBB 4DVBlfTURB8 OP A CREOLB. 246 prize, but be bad di.obeyed order: hence be YU divested of his command, but allowed his pay. The charge of the vessel was given to the ci-deoaat mate, with orders that if, during the Toyage home, the Tickler was obliged to defend herself, Trevallion wu to have the command during the engagement. The supercargo was a Mr. Holywell, a native olLondon, and a man of Herculean stature; with that lresh and ruddy appearance which, in England, is said to be "the picture of health," bot which, in the Antilles, indicates that the firm of "yellow fever, apoplexy, and company," have a mortgage on the person, foreclosable at a moment's warning. He had a constitution well calculated for home C0118Umption, but not fOr exportation to the West Indies. He was an o.cellent-humoured, good-hearted, but somewhat YUlgar man-not vulgar in his acts, bot in his words. He had an inimitable twang of cockneyiam in his discourse, and was ever using such terms u bang-up," bow are you with your eye out 1" and other phrases equally Attic and expressive. His great delight was to talk of the ring, not of Hyde Park, but at Moisey Hurst;. and the court," by which he did not mean the eourt at St. J ames's, but the fives court.'' He boasted of being the best amateur boxer

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246 'W' .ARNER .ARUNDBLL : in England -a regular right-and-left-banded hitter, and an ugly cut1tomer for any scientific tnan." By science, Holywell meant the know ledge of boxing. The fact is, his discourse wu so mixed up with the cant of the boxing-ring (which, I am told, is precisely the same with that spoken in the felon side of N ewgate ), that I was often puzzled to know what he was saying. On the occasion of the enemy boarding the Tickler on her voyage out, this regular right and-left-banded hitter behaved with extraordi nary bravery. He caught up a sword with bi1 right hand, whilst with his left he grasped a double-headed shot. Thus singularly armed, he rushed amongst the boarders, and dealt destruc tion around him. The sword he only used to ward off the blows of bis antagonists, while he struck, with his left hand, with the double headed shot, and always with good aim and deadly effect. This 1cientific mode of fighting was at once so novel and tremendous, that he knocked down -I beg pardon, floored eight of the enemy, and created a complete panic. During the whole of the time be was engaged in this extraordinary conflict, he was (as Trevallion told me), purely for his own satis faetion, invoking "inverted blessings" on the bodies, souls, eyee, and limbs of the enemy.

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TBB ADVBlfTUBJr8 OP A CRBOLB. 247 Of the pusengen, properly ao called, the oldest .was Doctor Grey, a physician, who, for thlrty yean, bad taken care of the health or the good people of Montserrat, until his own health JJad decayed. He retired &om the West Indies, with an entire fortune, and a broken constitution. The nut of my fellow-passengers I proceed to notice was Mr. Moses Fernandez, a native of Curasoa. He was of the Jewish tribe; a rather Bmall, compact-made man, with handsome fea tares, strongly indicative of the race from which he sprang. He did not mess with us this his religious eeruples forbade ; all he ate of f reeh animal food waa poultry, which he killed him lelf', dreeeed by his own slave, and in his own utensils. It was wonderful how rigidly this man ldhered to the laws of the Pentateuch and the traditions of the rabinim. During the most stormy weather he never neglected, in the morning, to bind his phylacteries on his forehead and )ef\ arm ; and then, with his face turned to the eut, be repeated the long Hebrew prayers of bis forefathers. Although he took bis meals apart, he usually joined us after dinner ; causing, at the same time, Isis 11enaot to place on the table a bottle or two COlllDIODly writtea nbbim,-u the plunl o( 1tnpb ia com llOllly wriUeD lllnlpb.

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248 W ABNBR AllUBDBLL: of exquisite wine, or of a curious cordial : a large stock of both of which he potisessed, and liberally supplied us with. His conversation was enter taining, if not instructive. Like a pocket ency clopiedia, his mind was stored with a little of every thing, whilst yet he knew no subject pro foundly, save music. His skill in playing on the guitar surpassed that of any one I ever heard of or met with. He could imitate in a surprising manner, with this simple instrument, the sounds produced by a military band using his fingers on the board to produce the tones of a Bis knowledge of vocal music was great ; his voice was a fine, deep-toned tenor, inclining to baBB. During the silence of a mild moonlight night, while the ship stole over the silvery waves, it was truly delightful to hear this son of Israel ing a Hebrew psalm to one of the beautiful traditional airs which are, perhaps, as ancient as the words which be sang, accompanying them with his dulcet guitar. Thirdly, there was a Monsieur Blanchard a refugee from St. Domingo, who, during the revolution there, escaped to Jamaica, and finally ettled in St. Christopher's. Although this gen tleman had been seventeen years amongst En glishmen, he could not speak one word of our language. Frenchmen, in general,_ have such a

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TBB ADTB1'T17RBS OP A. ORBOLB. 249 high "Opinion of their own tongue, that they seldom learn any other; hence they are, commonly, the worst general lioguisia in the world. However, although M. Blanchard did not speak English, he understood it pretty well. I will next enumerate Ensign Riven and family; the latter consisting of his wife (a very beamifol young creole), an infant of about two months old, and Lucy, a mulattess, who attended the lady and child. Lastly' although not the least diverting or the pueengen, there was, belonging to the ensign, a la..ge A&ican baboon, called J umbee ; not in appropriately named, as I thought, for this brute had more of the devil in him than any animal of his apecies. We were three days running down to the Virgin Islands. We passed Anguilla passage, and got into the Atlantic ; bot on the fourth night of our voyage a hurricane came on, which blew with greater violence than any storm I ever witnessed. The with difficulty escaped wreck; but, having sprung her mainmast, and being otherwise damaged, we were obliged to put into St. Thomas's-a Danish island, at that time in our p088e88ion. In an agricultural point of .AD African word, denoting an eril iphii. JI 2

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250 'WARlfBll ARUlfDLL view this colony is unimportant, its soil being rather sterile ; bnt it is invaluable on account of its situation for commerce. In no part of the world I have ever visited conld so many of the good things of this life be procured, at so cheap a rate, as at St. Tbomas's. Since its restoration to the Danes it has become a free port ; and, I am sorry to be obliged to add, it is now a complete receptacle for slave ships. I believe the Danish government do not encourage this infamous traffic in slaves ; for -to their honour be it spoken Denmark was the first nation who abolished the slave-trade : they ought, however, to look to what is going on at St. Thomu's.

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TRI AJ>VDTUBS 01' .t. CBBOLB. 261 CHAPTER XXIV. r .. F.agtand whee with &YOUriDr pl." DIBDnr. Wa remained eight days at St. Thomaa's, whilst the ship was being refitted, and then embarked, with a fair but moderate breeze. My time was palled as pleasantly ae time ie generally spent by landsmen on shipboard. During fine weather I ued to f'ence with Blanchard, or practise pistolbooting with the ensign : when the wind did not admit of these pastimes I amused myselt' as well as I could, chatting with Mrs. Rivers; talking to Doctor Grey about my intended profession ; listening to Holywell's historical accounts 0 pugilistic encounters ; teaching several parrot'J we had on board their accidence ; playing with the baboon ; learning the nee of the quadrant ; dimbing the rigging ; feeding my poultry ; reading and re-reading several letters of intro-

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252 WARNBR A.RUNDELL: duction, which were given me in St. Christo pher's and Antigua, for various persons in Lon don ; building castles in the air ; and prac tising other rational and irrational amusements. Amongst the latter, I may comprise eating and drinking when I had neither nor appetite, and going to bed when I was not sleepy. If it were not for the many hours spent in eating, drinking, and sleeping, the life of a paesenger across the Atlantic would be intolerable. The first day after we left St. Thomas, being placed at table opposite to M. Blanchard, I pledged him in a glass of Madeira, saying, A votre sante, m01aneur." Holywell, who knew not a word of French, must needs follow my example, but blundered most unfortunately. He filled his glass, looked at the Frenchman, arid said, Voui sentez, monsieur." Blanchard perceived the ridiculous mistake, but knew no offence was intended ; he therefore bowed to the intended compliment, and replied, with the deepest gravity,-" Yous mnate:z, nwuieur." Tbia was mistaken by Holywell for a return of com pliments. Every day during our voyage this ridiculous scene was repeated. Generally about the third glass, after the cloth was removed, Holywell bowed formally to Blanchard, and, ere be sipped his wine, said, Yous sentez,

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TBE ADVBl\"TUBBS OP I.. CREOLB. 263 You monsieur," conttantly answered the Frenchman, with the apparent eolemn politeness of one who replied to the com mendation of ,. moll81'ch ; while all at the table who understood French,-that is, Doctor Grey, Fernandez, the ensign, hie lady, and myself, were in danger of being choked from suppressed laughter. After we had passed the Tropic of Cancer the weather became unfavourable for the prosecu tion of our voyage. From day to day occurred "a succe88ion of light ain, languishing to calms," as midshipmen's log-books have it. Sometimes lhe vessel had barely sufficient wind to make her feel her helm; and sometimes, for a whole day, she lay on the blue, glassy surface of the water, with her useless wheel lubed to its standard, and her sails flapping against her masts and yards, helpless as a dying giant. The passengers lounging listlessly under the awning ; the looking out for a breeze, and marking those distant rufBings on the face of the ocean called cat's-paws," occuioned by light airs wb!ch die away ere they reach the vessel ; the mate whistling in vain for a wind ; the seamen lazily and unwillingly employed making spunyarn, or painting the boats. Even the finny tribes of the deep se6led to participate in the

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'W A.RlfBR A.aUNDBLL: indolence which the calm inspired. Sometimes a solitary grampus shewed iu uncouth form above the waters, and, after blowing with the force of a high-pressure steam-engine letting off its vapour, it leisurely dived from sight; whilst, ever and anon, we discovered those wolves of the ocean, the sharks, slowly prowling about the vessel, as if waiting for some one imprudent enough to bathe -or some wretch whom acci dent or death should consign to the deep. During one of calms, the baboon, Jnmbee, went aft, and deliberately took up his mistress's gold watch, which had been incautiously left on the capstern. He held it up to his ear, as if to ascertain how it went ; he then tried to open it-in this he did not succeed. He ne:1tt began to knock the watch on the capstern : bis master, on seeing this, rushed aft to rescue the watch from his clutches. J umbee perceived his intentions, and, as quick as thought, sprang into the mizen-chains. Up he flew; and, in lees than six seconds, was snugly seated on the mizen royal yard, holding up the watch as if in triumph ; chattering and grinning, as though he enjoyed his master's vexation. What was to be done? From experience we knew that it would take all the men in the ship a full half hour to catch this active rascal ; and it was cf>njectured that, during

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TBB ADVBRTUBB8 OP & CRBOLB. 265 the chase, he would throw the watch overboard. The steward, who was a favourite with Jumbee, went below and brought him up a plate of sweet meats, an article on which the baboon doated. The steward called him by his name, and held up the plate. On seeing and smelling this, J um. bee "grinned horn"bly a ghutly smile" of ap proval, pitched the watch overboard, and, seizing the royal halyards, The cords 11ipt lightly through hie glowing hands, And, quick u lightning, on the deck he stands ;" not, however, like William in the song, to receive kitl8e8 sweet-bot, in lieu thereof, a shower of curses, kicks, and cuffs, which his master bestowed upon him. The ensign at last walked away, fairly weary with the exercise. The poor lady wept at the loss of the watch, which hap pened to be a fnmily-piece ; and we suspected the circumstances of the ensign were too strait ened not to render the loss important, even in in a pecuniary point of view. I hinted this to Captain Trevallion, the super cargo, and the rest of my fellow-passengers, and proposed a little subscription to purchase another watch on our arrival. This was instantly agreed to: and it was furthef proposed, that I, ae the

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258 WA.RNBB A.BUKDBLL: originator of the subscription, should present Mrs. Rivers with the toy ; when the conference was laid aside on the boatswain's calling out, "A shark hooked I" All hands ran aft as the mate began to haul in the line. When under the counter, he proved to be an immense fish, insomuch that it was found impracticable to take him out of his element with the line. Drown him cried the captain. To drown a shark seems paradoxical; it means, however, to keep his head above the water, with his mouth full of that element, until be is almost stiffed. A Norwegian sailor darted at the fish his graives (a harpoon, with a number of barbs): this prevented hia escape, u he, by plunging, soon afterwards broke the hook: however, the stern-boat was lowered, cords were run about him, and be was safely brought on deck. The throbs of the captured fish now became so violent, that I feared he would heal in the deck. At last, the black cook, with hia kitchen-cleaver, by a well-directed blow, severed bis tail from the rest of his body ; and the Norwegian gave him a finishing stroke, by running a harpoon into his brain. The liver was taken out for the sake of its oil, and two Russian seamen took a large allowance of his flesh. The rest of the crew not liking shark," the carcass was ordered to be thrown

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TBB A.DVB1"'URBI 01' A. CRBOLB. 267 overboard. Dr. Grey requested to be allowed to disleet the maw, in order to shew me a pecu liarity of the stomach of the shark, and to de moutrate the surprising power of the fish's gaitric juiee. By means of a large knife, he cut into the maw; and, behold amid a quantity of beef and pork bones, which bad that day been thrown overboard, to our joy and surprise we found the very watch which had been, but half-an-hour beG>re, thrown into the deep by J um bee. What is not the least extraordinary part of the event is the fact, that, although the works were deranged by the ran, the glase remained unbroken. The mb, doubtless, caught. it in its fall, and mistook it for food. We bore it in triumph to its fair owner. I thought this one of the lucky discoveries made by comparative anatomy. I forgot to relate that J umbee was, immediately aCter the theft of the watch, condemned most UDaDimoualy to be chained for the rest of the voyage in the long-boat: this sentence the steward and carpenter executed, whilst J um bee protested loudly and forcibly against this encroachment on the liberties of the simian subject. The tones of his protest were, however, too discordant to be eloquent. After this adventure, a number of stolies were related about eharks; amonget the rest, that of

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'WARJIBR ARU1'DBLL Port Royal Tom, and the shark which brought to light the concealed papers of the American ship, and caused its condemnation. I, also, re lated my adventures with tl capitan del pwrtn; of La Guayra's, and Jose Garcia's encounter with the same fish. A light breeze sprang up, and the ship proceeded at the rate of three miles an hour. It continued during the whole day and the following night, but the next morning it died away. The Tickler lay As lifeleu as a painted ship Upon a painted ocean ; or, rather, like a dead whale on the water. The captain now talked of putting us on a short allowance of water. All the passengers became listless and dispirited, when an event occurred which strongly agitated the feelings of every one on board the vessel. The mulatto servant of Mrs. Rivers was walk ing on the quarter-deck with the child; she became weary, and eat down upon a hen-coop, placing the infant beside her. Something attracted her to the side of the vessel ; and, for a moment, she left her little charge alone. The baboon, who had, unperceived by any one, dis engaged himself of his chains in the long-boat,

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TBB A.DVB1'TUBB8 OP A. CBBOLB. 269 flew on the quarter-deck. Before any one could interpose, he caught op the child ; and, with as much rapidity as he bad mounted the rigging on the preceding occasion with the watch, did he ale aloft with the child to the mizen-royal-yard, keeping the infant in his paws, and chattering u though be enjoyed our alarm. I cannot describe the feelings of the wretched parents, as they beheld the pledge of their mutual lone, one hundred feet above, and otJl!r the surface of the ocean, into which they momentarily eqiected it to be plunged by thi11 hideous carica ture of humanity, then to be devoured by some monstrous fish. The shrieks of poor Lucy were distressing; the lady fell into a fainting fit; hiltt the silent sufferings of the father connhed every muscle of his body Captain Trevallion now took upon himself to order both the wretched parents, and their scarcely le. suffering attendant, to be forced into the cabin. He .further ordered all on deck to go below, or bide themselves 'This could be safely done, as not a breath of air required the attention of'the crew, even to the wheel. I concealed myself under a tarpaulin, near the tal'rail ; Captain Trevallion was beside me. A fe moments before this unfortunate event I had loaded my pistol to fire at a m"1'k. I took

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200 'W ABMBR .A.BUMDBLL : the weapon (still loaded) with me, coneemng that circumstances might require my using it. The baboon, finding we had all disappeared, ceased his savage grimaces; and, sitting on the royal-yard-arm, commenced, in that frightful situation, to dandle the child, much in the way he had seen the none do on deck. He flung it up, and caught it, until it made ua shudder to look at him : but he displayed no malice toward& the poor babe-quite the contrary; had it been ite own cub, he could not have guarded it with greater care. In fact, the males of the simian tribes have much of what phrenologists call philo progenitiveness; the infant, too, had always peared a favourite with him : at the same time, he shewed no disposition to descend from bis perilous situation. Captain Trevallion looked around, sighed, and whispered to me that, in a few moments, the fate of the poor babe would be decided ; as, by the appearance of the clouds, a ,brisk gale, if not a storm, would arise from the southward, and that it would be neceBB&ry to call up all hands to take in sail for our general safety. Scarcely had he spoken, ere the brute shewed that he, also, anticipated the coming gale. Be oommenced looking towards, and apparently smelling to, the southward; and we began to

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TBB ADVB1'TVBB8 OP A OBBOLB. 261 breathe, as he descended to the main-top-gallantmut, holding the child, of which he took the IDOlt extraordinary care, by its clothes with hit teeth. He made his way by the shrouds into the main-top: here the infant began to cry, and the brute absolutely sat down and dandled the child, to quiet it. The cries of the infant increasing, he gneped its arms with his hind paws, caught the mizen-stay with bis fore ones, and warped himself into the mizen-top, carrying the child suspended, as it were, to bis hind paws. Here he took the child again with his teeth, and descended by the mizen-shrouds, until with pleasure we beheld him bring the babe to the very spot from which he took it. But the adventure was not yet finished. Lucy had left a saucepan of pap on the hencoop, and the baboon brought the crying child there for no other purpose but to sti.11 its wailings with food. He commenced, after a &ahion, to feed it. This he did so awkwardly, that he endangered choking the babe by eram ing too much food into its mouth. The cries of the babe became distressing; at the same moment the steward raised his head above the companion ladder. The baboon seemed to comprehend the intention of the steward, and shewed no dispo&ition to relinquish his hold of the infant. He

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WABNBB ABUNDBLL: caught it up; and, with chattering noise and diabolical grimaces, was rushing again towards the mizen-chains, when a sudden project occurred to me, and which I executed almost as quickly as the thought flashed across my memory. My unerring pistol was in my hand, cocked and loaded : ere he could leave the quarter-deck I levelled and fired at him, with so true an aim that the ball passed through the bead of the beast without injuring the child : it glanced by the steward, and lodged in one of the spokes of the wheel. A simultaneous huzza from the crew cheered this perilous and successful shot. I caught up the infant, and consigned it to the arms of its late frantic, but now happy, parents ; and, as I their blessings, thought myself the hap piest of human beings. The reader will believe this the more readily, when I state that I enter tained for this creole lady the warmest emotiooa of affection short of love. Poor Mrs. Rivers was so beautiful, that it seemed to me impossible to look on her without affection ; yet, innocence was so sweetly blended with her youthful, but matronly lovelinell8, that he must have been indeed a heartless libertine who could have entertained a dishonourable thought respecting

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TBB ADVBNTURBB OJ' A. CBBOLB, 263 her. The poor young lady acarcely recovered the shock her nerves 8U8tained by this event dW'ing the remainder of the voyage. The carcass of J um bee wu consigned to the eharks. Meanwhile the clouds had blackened on high, and the ocean beneath us had changed ita amre hue to an inky dye. To the southward the billows raised their foaming heads as if to in form us that the wind had awoke fioom ita alamber, and was advancing on us with the might of a giant refreshed by his long sleep. All hands were called. The flying kites, aa eeamen can the upper sails, were taken in, after a good deal of swearing from the captain, and ekipping about of the crew. The lower saila of the Tickler were next reduced -but not a tingle moment before their reduction was neceseary. One deep and long-continued peal of thunder roared and re-echoed around the horizon. The foreign seamen anticipated a hurricane, which they imagined most follow the slaying of the baboon To attempt to argue such men out of a superstitious notion were useless labour. They believed that bad weather would roUow the death of the brute as much as they believed in their own being ; but could no more account for their belief than they could explain the cauae of their existence.

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WARN BR A.RUMDBLL : At le11eath the breeze caught us, and with such force that the Tickler could not shew a stitch of canvass, eave her jib, stonn-staysail, and fore-topsail closely reefed : by means o( these we scudded at a tremendous rate. How ever, the wind was steady, and as fair as it could blow; so that we made progress to the north ward and eastward, for six days, at the rate o( twelve or thirteen knots an hour. The eeamen thereupon changed their opinions : they said the baboon bad no hand in the good breeze, but alleged that the hurricane we had met with before we put into St. Thomas'fl, and the long succession of calms after we left that island, were caused by Jumbee being on board. It is quite clear," argued these profound sea-logicians, that this must be the case ; because since he was thrown overboard we have had the finest breeze ever remembered." Running rapidly to the northward obliged me, for the first time in my life, to cover myself witl a blanket at night when I went to bed ; for in the West Indies, and South America, I used only a sheet. As we drew towards the banks of Newfound land, the weather became hazy, damp, and foggy. This is more intolerable to the native of an inter tropical clime than the severest cold.

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TBB A.DVBNTURU OP A. CBBOLB. 265 Our steward was a Barbadian, who had aever been out of the Caribbean sea until the present voyage: his predecessor had died at An tigua, of the "new-rum fever." One morn ing, after we got into cold weather, as I was talking to Doctor Grey, he came to us, look ing very pale, with his eyes protruding from their eockets, like a harpooned dolphin, and altogether appearing aa much alarmed as though be had been visited by the ghost of his friend, Ju01bee. Oh, doctor I" said he; and he stopped short, as though his utterance were choked. ''What is the matter with you, man t" inquired the doctor, hastily catching hia wrist, and feeling his pulse, as it were mechanically. "I is a dead man," said the steward, mourn fully and syllabically. Yon have the strongest pulse for a dead man I ever felt. In the name of God, what ail yon ? said the physician. Don't you eee t" rejoined the steward. "See what1" asked Grey. Why," replied the steward, the smoke is CODling out of my mouth The fact was, the Barbadian never having been in a cold climate, he was utterly astonished ou pereeiving, when he came on deck, as he exVOL. I N

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WARNER &RUNDBLL: preued it, that the smoke came out of his month in other words, that the rarity of the atmo sphere made his breath visible. After explaining to the poor Barbadian the caose of bis needless alarm, we enjoyed a hearty laugh at his expense. It was, however, no laugb iog matter to the steward ; for fear had so got the better of him, that he was sick for four days after this-yet was he any thing bot a coward. He was twice wounded at the taking of Marti nique, in which affair he acted as a volunteer. He belonged to the division called the" Barba does flute-players." The last phrase I most explain. Doring the late war, an expedition for the purpose of cap turing one of the French islands sailed from Barba.does. A number of Barbadians joined the expedition as volunteers. On debarking on the hostile shore to take the capital of the island, the Bams separated themselves from their com rades, ran into a cane-ield, where each cut as large and straight a sugar-cane as be could find, which he commenced gnawing, holding it in his bands and. bending his head to it, rejoining, at the same time, his division. Now, these cane eatere at a distance looked, for all the world, A cant pbrue for Barbadiam.

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TBB ADVBllTUJlBS OP A. CRBOLE. 267 Die men playing on flutee. When the enemy, \herefore, beheld on their shores an army which i-essed' a body of flute-playen compriaing several hundred men, they came at once to the conclusion that the expedition mll8t be far too JlJ'ODg for them to cope with ; and, under this persuasion, immediately aarrendered the capital at discretion. &.ch is the story of the Barbadoee fluteplayere ; and, whenever it is told, a hearty laugh at little England is generally created. Of coarse, I do not pledge myself for the authen ticity of the story Daring ou voyage we often met with sus picious-looking ve81ela, bot we generally oot sailed them Sometimes, too, we obeerved priftteer..looking ecboooers; bat they always kept at a respectful distance, being, doubtleu, awed by the high decks and eighteen guns of the Taekler. I did not regret this, having little. eonfidenee in the motley crew which navigated her. As we approached the chope of the Chan nel,"' an immense number of vessels, of all sizes, bearing English coJoore, p&8led 01 ; indicating that we were fast approaching the Mistreea of Colonies, the Queen of tbe Ocean, the Empreas of Commerce Great Britain

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268 W.&.BMBB ABUMDBLL: At length, on the forty-aecond day after we left St. Tbomas's, land a-head" was discovered at day-break. I did not rise i>r three hours afterwards; eo that, when I came on deck, we were well up with the Comish coast. I felt a degree of emotion at beholding the land of my ancestors the land which I even had been taught to look on as" home." "This is," said I, "the country whose sons conquered at Agincourt, Poictien, Blenheim, and Trafalgar ; the land which produced Shakespeare, Milton, Bacon, Newto!1, and Locke!" What! that land?" said Captain Medway, pointing to the gloomy coast of Cornwall ; it never produced nothing but tin-lead and parsley pie A fishing-boat came alongside the Tickler, and, for a few bottles of rum, supplied us with mackerel and new potatoes, which we ate with surprising relish. We had left a country in which turtle is the food of the poor, and pine-apples are often given to swine ; and yet we considered new potatoes and fresh mackerel as absolute delicacies. So true it is, that the scarcity o( almoet any eatable article will cause it to be conaidered as a luxury. A pilot-boat, belonging to the Island of Scilly, came alongside, and asked u1 if we had any

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LONDON: f'lkll'TBm B\" 1.0.tU \ CAtl>'TLI ta&al'. L&ICSt"T&"

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\ 2 WARlCER ARUMDBLL: population ; the total absence of black, coloured, and Indian people; the rosy looks of the women, so different from the languid and lily complexions of my fair countrywomen; the ruddy appearance of the children ; the masculine, and often corpu lent, figures of the gentlemen ; the clownish aspect of the' country people, with their smock frocks, worsted stockings, and ponderous lace boots; the immense size and fatness of the horned cattle; the noble figures of the horses; the sheep, clad in thick woolly coats, so diJFerent from the light hairy jackets in which Nature has arrayed the sheep of the Caribbean Islands ; the endless variety of the costume of all the people I met, so different from the eternal white jackets and trousers of the Antilles; the dissimilarity of the feathered tribe ; the absence of the palms of a tropical climate, and the total difference of all vegetable nature for not a tree, shrub, fruit, legume, leaf, flower, nor even blade of grass, was exactly like aught I ever before beheld,-all, all I saw made me feel as though I was transported into another planet. True, I had seen most objects I looked on, delineated in wretched pictures; but these gave me about as good an idea of what I was a spectator of, as the miserable images we see on China cups give us of the Celestial Empire: for, excepting a few portraitE, J

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m .&D9&naw cw caaour. a ,..,....,pod pairing ia dae West Jcliee. ..a, Jiicmw ,.,._. in die Antill-, are oldie King of Spirio ia prolle, deliueued ... -Ill gold -.n.er, ecmmaonly called Wloom.-.._.. fteill&pm lay diroagh the -..h ... 111111 -pl.m. or Cornwall; -] a ............ or tbe eoantry ame-1' I ...._. .Wsp, Ar-, ad eouagee, .............. .,.. in ..... uriety. J ...... -niD ... ___ .__......,alleJloltbeWt ........................ ol&oa&h Mi.-.121, .... a wunry renMidlld bJ eokintimt, N-.il\*.,..pW111Mtometo ................... oltbe

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4 'WAR!fBR ARUNDBLL: When we stopped at an inn to refresh, or lodge for the night, the extreme neatness and comfort of all that could r ender our stay agreeable, were, to me, remarkable. The civility of the host and hostess, the activity and intelli gence of the servants, delighted me : this at once shewed that I was in a land of freedom, where the exciting hope of gain stimulates men and women to exertion ten times more arduous than the fear of the scourge of slavery. In the West Indies there are not many inns and taverns, and fewer good ones : there, as well as in private houses, the black and brown domestics move about as little as they can help. Every trifling office you want a West Indian servant to perform, must be repeatedly, and often peremptorily or dered, before it is done -if it ever be done : here, the waiters, and well-called servants of all-work, seemed to anticipate your wants, and, before yon can ask for a thing, it is at your command. In the West Indies, a servant drawls about the house as though locomotion is painful to him ; while the English domestic talks, acts, and rans, as though he were doing it for a wager against time. The free servant of Great Britain works five times as hard as the slave of the West Indies ; for the energies of the latter are weighed down by bondage. I am aware some will say that the l

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TllB Al>TDTVaD Oii A caEOLB. lj

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' .. I 6 WARNBR ARUNDELL: On entering London, I took leave of all my fellow-passengers with mutual good wishes, saYe Dr. Grey. He invited me to remain with him few days at the Tavistock Hot.el, Covent Garden, until, by the advice of himself, and such friends as my letters of introduction could procure me, I should resolve where to fix my residence during the time I was obtaining my medical education. The doctor had not been in London two days before he met with an old fellow-student aod correspondent, named Molesworth, wlio was in extensive practice as a physician in the west end of the town. He had been the preceptor to seYera.l medical students from the West Indies, and, many years since, knew my father. After in troducing me to him, Dr. Grey proposed to place me under the tutelage of his old fellow student; to which Dr. Molesworth made no objection. We agreed that I should become a resident in the doctor's house during the pro9e cution of my studies ; and I arranged to pay him 1501. per annum for my board and lodging. He promised to assist me in my studies, to take me with him occasionally when he vii-ited bis patients, and allow me the use of his valuable medical library. The next day I removed from the Tavistock Hotel to the doctor's house in Bedford Square: I

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nm uw A aJ10u. 7

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8 WARNER A RUNDELL: Manners of the English ; I would rather they should consider it as A CBBOLB's NOTIONS OP' Hm11E.' Amongst the first things which struck me in England, was the brief speech and rapid pro nunciation of all orders of people, save those who are, or affect to be, taught the hat-ton. It would not please the Bond Street loungers, or the dancers at Almack.'s, to be told that, when they lengthen their words, and speak in that drawling tone which is, or at least was, fashionable when I was in London, they merely imitate the lower orders of people in the Caribbean Islands; yet such is the fact. Let two creoles, of the humbler classes of society, meet in the West Indies, and something like the following dialogue ensues. Each word is lengthened as though the parties spoke by musical notes, and each syllable were a breve. How you do, my body 1" Pretty well, thank you, old fellow ; how yourself?" Well, thank you ; how your family do?" "All quite well-only Samuel, Daniel, Jona than, and Jacob, have the fever every night; but their health is good, for all that."

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THE ADVBNTURES OP 4 CBEOLB. 9 "Thank you; but how is your negro boy, that ha'\"e mar cf utomac ?" "lie is dead, thank you, body And so they continue the conversation for about twenty minutes. But in London, two per rons of the lower order of society meet : each nods to the other when they are about eight yards off; one says, How do 1" the other does not reply, but says, How do you do?" By this time a few rapid steps brings them to gether (for all in Lortdon walk as though they did it for a wager) : one says, Fme weather;" the other replies, Yes ; only a little foggy, rainy, and cold." By this time the parties have passed each other, and each turns his head round, t.o that his chin rests on his shoulder, to continue the peripatetic discourse ; yet disdaining to lose time by :1toppinglike two vessels passing each ()tber on opposite tacks, and asking their respeclil"e longitudes, without heaving to. Any news?" says one; "Nothing strange," says the other; "Good-bye," calls oue; "Good-day," replies the other. Both nod like Chinese man darins; at the same time, they look one way and walk the other, until each runs against another pv.senger in the crowded street. Should a West Indian ask his way to Cornlill of a passenger in London, he gets for answer, B2

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) 10 WA.BNBB ABUNDBLL: Tum to your right, and then take the second to your left ; take the third to the left, and follow your nose along Fleet Street, and any fool will shew you the way." This is said so quickly that the informant leaves the stranger to doubt if he ought to turn at first to the right or to the left. But let an Eng lishman ask his way in the West Indies, and the following dialogue is likely to eneue. "Can you tell me the way to Mr. Muscova doe's estate?" "What, eir don't you know the way to Mr. Moeoovadoe's ?" No; or I would not ask it." "You must really be a stranger." I am a stranger ; but will you please to direct me!" Why, let me see do you know the Dry River!" Yes, I do." "Well, it'e not there." After a pause, your guide adds, But you'll cross it, hearee (do you hear)? and when you get to Cane Garden, you'll etrike across the pasture, till you come chock againet the fence; then kt>ep op to windward, Eastward and westward ia called windward and leeward, on account of the trade-win de. Creoles are remarkably fond o{ mari time pbnisea.

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TBB ADVBNTURES OP A CBBOLB, ] ) 11 meet up with the bottom of the vaUey ; then cross the gully, and, when you get to : k-pit, any nigger will shew you Mr. l\f usie's estate." fact is, he first ascertains that you are a !1'1 &nd then gives you such directions as ot a native can comprehend. the West Indies, most persons shew a to know how their neighbours get on ; land, people are too much occupied with iVD business to think about that of another. e.y be attributed to the small communities colonies, and the vast population of the country : yet, with all allowance for these, dness of Englishmen respecting the con f their neighbours struck me as a remark trait. A friend of mine, a retired ndian, who lived some years at the Hum-Covent Garden, told me an anecdote, strongly coincided with my conclusion. thua:o gentlemen were in the habit, for some of dining in adjoining boxes at that tavern. b.ree years, by dint of rubbing their elbows t each other, they became so intimate as as they passed to go into their respective At the end of five years, they used to ige brief how d'ye do's 1"_ but, although ...

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12 WARNBR ARUNDBLL: they, every day for seven years, dined at the same hour next to each other, they were never known to dine together, nor were ever seen to shake hands. How ditl'erent is this from the continual shaking of hands in the West Indies I The following fact I can speak of from my own knowledge. I once, in company with Dr. Molesworth, visited an old gentleman who lived in Bloomsbury Square : he sent for the doctor to consult him, he being slightly indisposed. The doctor, among other questions, asked bow be slept the preceding night. "Very badly," was the reply. I was kept awake by a racket in the next house. I don't know the cause of this merry-making of my neighbour; I never knew the family to have any noisy party at their house before." Now, the fact was this ; the old gentleman had lived for thirty years beside his neighbour without being intimate with him or bis family; and the merry-making which kept him awake was caused by the marriage of his next-door neighbour's only daughter. In the West Indies, I often read of Old Eng lish hospitality : l suppose this term meant the hospitality of England in days of old, for the English of the present time do not seem to un derstand the meaning of the word. I certainly

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TBB A.DVBNTURES OP A CREOLE. 13 did meet with some hospitality in London, but it was in the apartments of retired West Indians. These were generally located in and about Sloane Street; they generally live in pairs, unless the parties have families. I always knew where to find them by these signs :-They generally have 1 pair of green parrots hanging out of the parlour rindow, and a monkey chained down the area; &t'e the doors and windows carefully lined with :n, and a black porter or lackey to open the >or. When introduced to them, I found in the of audience a sideboard, laid out in the fest Indian style,-with much glass, and little late ; large glass candle-shades, a huge sangaree. with an open bottle or two of madeira1r, in general, West Indians do not decant their ine. One or both of the hosts lay swinging in cotton hammock, from which they scarcely ;se to receive their visitors, who were desired help them1elves, or to call for what they auted. If two persons in the West Indies live on rms of intimacy, the parties never think of ring each other an invitation to dinner, unless e inviter entertains a party, as an invitation 1uld be thought too formal. A friend is ex. to drop in at meal-times, and partake of

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14 WARNBR ABUNDBLL: what is going on ; to announce bis intention of taking coffee or soup with his friend,-tbat is to say, coming to breakfast or dinner with him : this he does with as little ceremony as he asks for a pinch of snuft'. All this is necessarily dif ferent in England : none there thinks of inviting himself to take coffee or soup with any one; and, as to an invitation, he who visits a friend in England on the strength of one of them, will find the party too formal to be hospitable. One practice at dinner in England I must protest against : an invited guest is not allowed to do as he pleases. I felt this as a great annoy ance, after being used to the free-and-easy tables of the Caribbean Islands. At every formal party I was at in London, I was pestered beyond my patience to partake of things which were my aversion, after having satisfied my appetite with viands that I liked. The wont of all this was, that, while the host and his family were per secuting me, in order to make me cram as much into my stomach as though it were a cotton-pack, the parties absolutely conceived they were ex ercising politeness and hospitality. Nothing astonished me in England more than the frequency of the repasts. In the West In dies two meals in twenty-four hours is all we

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TUB ADVDTUlUts OP A. CREOLE. 15 r; in England they consume four solid .er day, and a good supper at night. ithstanding our abundance of turtle ; the ariety and delicacy of fish ; the venison e ofour lean, but delicious mutton; the ce and good quality of poultry in the -yet the materiel of the kitchen in Eng-1finitely superior to that ofa West Indian oom :" but I think the cookery or the much superior to that of England. lined in houses that sported first-rate irtists, but thought their compounds be nparison inferior to those of the black m cook.a of the West, whose culinary 1 a kind of composite order between the ric dishes of the British, and the Co cookery of their Gallic neighbou1'8. rew words employed in business in EngLstonishing. In London, two merchants :>ciate the sale of a West Indiaman, with le cargo, in less time and with fewer nan a storekeeper on our side of the would take to sell a demijean of rum. is so remarkable, that mercantile is more rapidly transacted in England any other country on earth. A mer in one of the Antilles wrote a most ;e and lengthy" epistle to a London ---

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16 WARNER ARU:SDELL; house, anu received for answer a lelter ru thus:SIR, \V RITE shorter }etteni, anu dra your money. Your obedient," &c. When a West Inuian wishes to expre88 a11y business is set about, he says it is o carpet ; an Englishman says it is on the The latter certainly uses all his energies to while 1he iron is hot. This brevity in trausacting business is into English courts of law. When a w rolonial lawyer is retained, is expected, w the cause in which he is engaged will admi speech or not, that he will make one, to tbat he merits his fee, to gratify hie clien to amuse the party-coloured auditors wb ways loiter about a West Indian court o who are as fontl of hearing suits determia were the Athenians of old With the pated fellows of Westminster Hall the different: when nothing need be Nid, or ao can be said, the English lawyer wi1ely h tongue. Eloquence in Weatminster Hall used to support argument, but &he jadgtl

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TB ADTUTV&a .. camu. 11 nuld hWD molt awfially OD an1 oue who abould pnmme to me ora&ory for the mere purpoee of ...mg hia lee, or or amuing the byatanden. The appuent wat ol charity iD the people ti Eaglaad. often ahocbd me. In the W eet JDCiiet, it 1'U'elJ happem Uaat any oae complain tJl hapr; ww it cloa, the wanta of the an..... are promptly aupplied. U application Ill .... lo the home of the opalea& for 1UCCOar, 1 ed. m i9 lea& iato tJae kitchen, or a .W. ii Wei oat fbr him ia an out-hoaae ; ....., ..,..W lo lie el &Jae JuamWe order of .... ...-U, uW into tM ball, and --19a 6it ..._ ..... ii given to

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18 WARNER .&RUNDELL: in whose behalf their humanity has been eierted were unknown to them. It is remarkable that this has been the common practice of poor mu latto women since the earliest days of colonisa tion in this part of the world, as we learn from the oldest Spanish historians of these islands. In the Antilles, even the poor slave allows no child of want to solicit in vain, while he bu the power of relieving him. Often have I seen sailors who had lost their way up a West India colony, or who had been turned adrift for misconduct-often have I seen such feeding out of the calabash of the poor negroes. When white men become incorrigibly bad, and are deserted by all, they skulk about the negro village of a plantation, and are maintained by the slaves Having witnessed the above general bene volence of the Caribbean Islands, I wu fre quently shocked in England at beholding the indigent solicit in vain the cold hand of charity. Much of this apparent hardness of heart is, doubtle88, owing to the poor-laws, and to the number of impostors which a dense population always possesses, who are ready to abuse and deceive benevolence ; yet, amongst the many fortunes that were wrecked during my too brief sojourn in England, I never heard of one that

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TBB ADVBNTUBES OP A CREOLE. )9 was ruined by charity. I know that political economy condemns the giving of alms and relieving of wants, as injurious to society ; but, thank God! I am not a political economist. I more than once witnessed a greasy wellfed magistrate bully and abuse a parcel of houseless wretches, who had violated the vagrant-law ; in other words, had committed the sin of being miserably poor. I felt as pleued with the well fed reprover of poverty as I suppose an English man would feel, on his first arrival in the colo nies, at beholding a negro-driver, with his cartwhip, persuading a slave to work faster by means of the argumentaun a posteriori. That the English are not wanting in public charity appean by the tact of the existence of an immense number of noble public institutions, in which all kinds of calamities are relieved, and to where the unfortunate of all descriptions can retire. The hospitals of London bear glorious testimony of national benevolence, and, I hope, call down blessings on that province COYered with houses." Often, when viewing those magnificent re ceptacles for the maimed and worn-out defenders of their country at Greenwich and Chelsea, I felt the justness of the observation of a foreigner,

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20 WA.RNBR ABUMDBLL: who, alluding to the wretched-looking palace at St. Jamea'e, and the splendour of the hos pitals for decayed seamen and soldiers, said, that the English lodge their kingsin a hospital, and their beggars in palaces. The women in England are, in general, beau tiful. The great advantages they possess over the fair of the Antilles is in having countenancei more expressive and animated, and complexions more beautifully variegated. Nothing can exceed the transparent skin of the women of England; and the mingled white and red shewing through it, like the delicate tints of well-painted por celain appearing through the which art gives it, while the blue veins being visible, ren der the whole so lovely, that it can be compared to nothing so aptly as the 6eecy pods of new opened cott.oo, wet with the sparkling dews or morning. The complexions of creole ladies, of unmixed European descent, are fair as lilies ; but the rose is seldom reflected on their countenances. Their lips are well formed, but want the ruby die or fair Englishwomen. Their lack of expression and animation is owing, doubtless, to their sedentary habits and retired manners : that the climate alone cannot account for. This is proved by

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TRB ADVBNTURB8 OF A. CRBOLB. 21 the fact, that no women on earth have more animated and expressive visages than women ol colour. The women of the Caribbean Isles do not, in general, carry the folly of tight-lacing to the pitch that it is enforced in England ; hence, their toaraure is often better, and consumptions 1common among them. I know, a waist pinched in like an hour-glass is, in England, thought a beauty ; so is a crippled foot in China, a ftattened forehead amongst the Cariabs, and a tattooed face amongst most savages. The Creator made women of the most lovely form : what a mixture of folly and presumption it is to attempt to alter that which came perfect f'rom His bands The eyes of the tair creoles are fully as beau tiful as tboee of Englishwomen : the former are languishing and indicative of benevolence ; the latter, animated, lively, and expressive of every emotion of their active minds. The women of England-and, from what I have seen, those of France-may learn one thing of creoles: that is, to walk. The Freuch ladies trip as though they walked on sharp pebbles; the English fair marches with the long pace of a ligbt-intaotry man ; the creoles walk grace fully.

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24 WAR!fER A.RUNDELL: war, than in raising palaces, public offices, and churches. I shall not attempt to describe my emotion the first time I saw a play in London. True it is, I bad witnessed a dramatic representation, or misrepresentation, in the West Indies ; but these were amateur performances. Some of the ama teurs possessed abilities ; but ridicule was thrown on the whole attempt by the ladies' characters being acted by young men. Let the reader, if he can, conceive a tall youth of twenty, play ing Lady Randolph ('Douglas,' by the by, is a favourite amongst amateurs)! The young man will not consent to lose his whiskers: he there fore endeavours to conceal them under the lap pets of his cap; aod, ever and anon, as he turns bis head, his favourites" peep out. Conceive a person so situated acting the part of Lady Ran dolph, and, with a full tenor voice, address Anna (represented by a tall, dunning clerk), and saying to the said Anna,--" I found myself As women wish to be who love their lords." or let the reader suppose he witnesses the exhi bition of Otway' s Orphan,' the part of the tender Monimia enacted by a short, squat lad, with a woolly head, a mask of paint over his dark face,

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TBB ADVB1'T11RB8 OP A CREOLE. 25 and a pair of large eaMmgs nspended by thread from hie uo bored ean; nppose such a youth, wiehiog to be pathetic, exclaiming, with the voice of a boll--calr,-" Why was I born with all my 1a'1 softness?" Let the gentle or simple reader euppose all this, and he will 10rm a faint conception of a West India dramatic ubibition, and have a &imer idea wbat my feelings were at beholding the aupernatoral or preternatllral Macbeth of Sllalr.espeare, while Kemble and his 1till more illllltrious eiater, played the principal characters. Unused as I was to theatrical display, the aeeuracy of the sceaery, the shadowy way in which the witches performed their incantations, uad the picturesque appearance of the plaided warriors, delighted me. But when I heard Macbeth deliver the immortal air-drawn dagger soliloquy ; when I saw bis daring lady tempting him to blood, like. an incamate fiend ; when I witaesaed the confusion of the guilty pair after the murder of their sovereign; and, above all, hen I beheld the conscience haunted sleepwalker, endeavouring to wash from her hands the "damned spot,"-1 quailed with horror, and yet, at the 1B1De time, felt intense delight. This i1 a VOL. II. c

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I \ parado% which I shaU'not attelDptto .. 'iolve: the pleasure resulting ftom beholding sublim:e-tra gedy, well acted, has often been attempted 'i& be explained, but without suecess. ,.. I most add, that the after-piece appeared to please the million; better than tbe Diute!-pieee of Shakespeare, suppOrted by the talent of Sid dons and Kemble ; f'or the latter was. stl9t&ined by greater performers, viz. a stttd or hOrsee. I had read, both in the West lndiea and in England, or the open imtnorality in the colonies. The censure&, although 1' litile o\"er drawn, were true in the main ; but, after perusing them, in simplicity or my heart I conceived that the morals Cit England were pure as the unsonned snow of the clitnate. This error was removed on my entering the Baloon of a London theatre. I will venture to 'say, that the profligacy I there beheld shocked me more than any Englishman was ever shocked by con templating any scene of libertiuism in our part of the wor1d. Creoles in gtmeral are we11 pleaeed with themselves, and consequently p1eased with all around them. Ir a calamity happen to him, he persuades himself that it -was caused by no fault of his, and that another year will amend the mis fortune. The ne%t year, in the West Indies, bas I '--

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TRB A.J>V-BJl.TVllB8-0i' A CllBOLB. 27 llecome proverbial ; the .next year is to redreu all grimmces, and to compusate for all loues : Im tlle nest y-.r of the creole, like tbe to morrow" of the debtor, never arrives. The fact is, hope ia the coD&Ola.tion of mankind in general, bat it ie often the evil genius of the creole. He pasively for the beet at the time he should actively prepare Cor the worst. Such being faili.Dg of my compatriots, I could not but be l>rcibly stn.ek with the oolllltlesa number of croak.en I met with in Euglaod. The creole aircaatle builder is le88 prudent than the English grmnbler, bot uot a whit less wise. During every war for the last two hwadred yean, our West India colonies au.ft'ered C111elly. Provisions were, at timee, so dear in the colonie&, that wheaten loaves were oft.ell too UpeJL&ive to be seen on the tables of tile moat opulent ; and the mass of the people were obliged to live on the crude vege&ablea of the ialands. But the creoles who suf fered such privations consoled each other by yiog, the times would change, and that flour wonld be at two.dollars a.-barrel next year;" while, at the same time, if an English operative wu deprived of the slightest article of con IWDption, which we in the colouies consider as luxories, he would be ready to rise in rebel lion. at the aill of the first man of the people

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W ABMJl:R 4BUlfDBLL : who should propoee to attack the Tower or plunder the Bank. The disposition to grumbHpg is not confined to the lower orders ; but the pleasure of the well educated croakers in England consiste in pre tending to be miserable and in the am.iala endeavour to make others as unhappy as they wish to appear When I first came to England, the long ware afforded sufticient themes for croak ing : when I left it, the well-informed croak.en were predicting all sorts of misfortunes, becau many persons were using their best endeavoun to educate the lower classes ofeociety. They pro phesied that national schools would become na tional evils; that, as the humble ranks of society became well-informed, they would become dis contented; that all people would cease to obey the laws when all could read them, and a revolu tion would be the consequence. I regretted to hear this ; because I came from places where the labouring classes are illiterate, and I have beheld the evils resulting from the want of letters among the cultivators of the soil, the hewers of wood and drawers _of water Those who fear that education will cause a revolution, know nothing of history, or treat it as an old almanack. Were the furious outbreak ings, during the middle ages in France, which

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TBB A.DVBTURB8 OP A CRBOLB. 29 were called Jacqwriu, caued by the diWlllion of useful knowledge t Were the riots of Wat Tyler lad Jack c.de brqpght about by national schools, or the want of them t To come nearer our own times-waa the freosy of the Parilian moba, daring the Reign of Terror, caused by its members lleiag too well instructed t No, no ; the rising of the great unwashed" has often been occasioned by want and oppreuionmore oft.en by their .ignorance, being misled by artful demagogues : bat never did men rise, never will men rite in molt became the echoolmaster is abroad : Nbellion, generally, is the child of ignorance. The inaidiou harangue of the factious orator is Deter more dangerous than when addressed to an illiterate mob. That venerable monarch, George 111., wished dl&t every one of hia subjecta had a Bible, and were able to read it : a more benevolent wish was aever espreued by any prince ; a wi1er saying wu neTer recorded of any king since the days of Solomon. One of the many things which astonished me in England, was the want of geographical ation that pervaded all ranks of aociety. Great Britain rules one-fourth of the globe in all parts of the world ; she pouesses colonies ; her merebandise and manufactoriea supply every mart;

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30 WA.RNER AllltNDBLL her shipA. crowd every sea;. travellers trate every inhabited and uninhabited country': and yet the EngliSh, in gene..,J, know as much of geography as a mole knows of longitude. The ignorance I complain ot was often taken advantage of by the writers on both sides of the controversy, during the long agitation of the queetion of colonial slavery. Some years since, a book was published, pur porting to be a description of the West Indies, which placed Trinidad in the Gulf of Me:sico. This geographical blunder, and twenty others equally gross, passed unobserved, although the book was reviewed by most of the principal pe riodicals of the day. Repeatedly, in the Home of Commons, the most finished orators have talked of the bland of Demerara ; and I myself heard a senator of some celebrity ay, be hoped to see the day when the negroes in the West Indies would peaceably eajoy tluir ad firuide8 Talk of a people enjoying their fire. sides in a climate where, in the month ofJanoary, the mercury stands at 92 in the shade there is fever in the very thought. I could, if I ehoee, .write a whole volume on the subject of the ridi culous geographical blunders which I heard people in England make. Such are the impressions made on me by I _____

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TBB A.DVB 1'TVRB8 OP A OBBOLB. 31 EnglialJ : I them with eome diffidence:.' I kno;. experience how eesil1. is led tp make enoneous con.. laughed at the ridiculous .. 4qat tourists have made in the West lndiflll : ; _., r : ..;. 1,, ; f:r j.1 .. 'J ; ; : ,..' I 1 ', 1 .. '! t ..... i .1, ... I l .' i .1.,. I l 0<. f

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32 W.ARN.E.R. ABUlfDBLL: CHAPTER 11. Ob I "oman, in our boan of eaae, Uncertain, coy, uid bard to pleue, When pain and anguish wrilig the brow, A ministering angel thou.." ScoTT, I at lut their mi1eri.ee rilnr9d In that tile garret, which I C&RDOI paiAt." Ca.a.au. HA v1NG taken op mueh time thought in London, it is now time to tell w did. On the sailing of the first West Indian after my arrival, I wrote to my brothu but received no answer by the return packet. Months elapaed, and no reply I wrote again and again, but no BDPrer At length I thought the &.mily sligb&ell me, I wrote no more. My lettem were .... 11nq the reader shall be informed, jD du ...., this occurred.

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TBB .A.DVB1'TUBBS OP .A. CRBOLB. 3.'J Every quarter I received a brief letter from Mesn. Keen and Leech, enclosing a bill of exchange for 62l. 10.. on Messrs. Sucker and Soos, Feachnreh Street, at ninety days' sight, which was duly honoured. I became a pupil of Dr. Molesworth, attend ing with him whenever he had an extraordinary cue, and I could find time. Occasionally I took instructions from his apothecary in the materia .mm. I lost no time, but attended Brooke's, Carpae's, and Bell's lectures: I walked the Middleeex Hospital, and became dreeeer to one of the principal surgeons; studied chemistry and botany ; read every book on medicine which Dr. Moles worth recommended. My knowledge of Latin and French ae"ed me much in this respect. In lhort, I displayed 888iduity to gain a knowledge of my profeeaioo as a surgeon ; for the gentlemen of Warwick Lane refuse to grant a diploma to any one who has not washed hie hands in the Cam or Isis. However, I cared little about this, because I intended to practise in the West Indies, where the obsolete distinction between physician and surgeon is little attended to : both branches there, as they ought to be every where else, are practised by the same person. As the progreu I made in my medical studies can haTe little intereat to the general reader, I c 2

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34 W' .1&.ND .A.JlUlfDBLL I will pats over them, and merely l&ate, application wu noticed and praiaell b1 all lectures l attended. Nothing worth relating occan-ed Dtil:.J ary 1815; when, during one mieerable and snowy day, -.vbicb ia peculiarly unpl to a nati, e of the torrid zone, l went into r dreS6er's shop in Warwick Street, Golden Sq to get nay hair trimmed. The operator assistant were both employed ; I waa, obliged to wait until one of them wu d' The barber obeerving, by my blowillg my that I was diu.greeably atreetied by the asked me to go into his back J'OOID, whea was a fire. I agreed t.o tbia propaeilioa went in, took a seat before the ...t myself, until the hairdreeaer despaUliad W. tomere. On looking round me, 1.,. on table a body of the most btaut.iiil heir. ii beheld. It wu of a lighW>ro-.. CGloar elegantly curled, more than sis feet iD and of the moat eilky tes:ture I ere t8'1.W The Dl8ll or the other customers, came to me. Be .._. dapper man, with a deep pctti:ID-imllfta nauce, which looked :U ilao.gb. :ft _...., eculptured with Jt nM1gb chi..t.. ... w.. tallow : and yet hia pale Cl'Ulllpl&-miilil" .-1111

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TBB ADTSlftUDS.OP-A.WBOLB. 85 Mil 1he tna. of ud intelligence e11 plainly: 'IJrittea -0a them, :that, unpoly u they were, they seemed any thing mt dilagfteable. Ball tlnlow apleaaant expreelion fnto m Yimge. Yow seem; 'lir, te enjoy the 'fire; you don't ":said he. I replied, that a c!earhsty day 1f88 tolerable, --.. I eould bnoe m)'Hlf witbuereiae; but datl h&ted-tbe1foggy waaher of his climate. "Pwceie, sir, yoo are a tbreigner1" '..'Jfotie:uetly: I am a W-eat 1-ndian." -c Blaie .. me, .a-1 you ue a West Indian, and ,ee }WU" are .u WI' u aay BnglilU.n I I tbuugbt:'fCAll"tift8' of the West Indies were ..,,. <-Jattoee)." .Iiledat:the which, how .. _.., ta co-<*i in Eagland, where moat per.. IOll eonceiive. mnlattoe& the pure detcendants of 1rblb, dark by 'being born in a tonid ----.. ". -"Yott1,._,ald prefer, perbape, that I shoold eat -;.m IJere;.*1 the cold ehop 1" OOllllilMwi: to dtis soggestin; and, with to tbe tradesmen of. toado11t1be :tied ... napkin round my neck, and eoma.aoed.redocibg1my mperftaOUll hair .. hail'I cot too cl0ee:

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36 I would advise you apinet that, for one who poeases 10 Aue a head of 8Hea looks." I told him to operat.e u he cboee. There, air, you ab.ew your good seeae : lean the matter to me, and I'll aet olf your head to the be8t advantage. A young man's prospects are often in8uenced by his hairdreMer : aothiDg conduces ao p:roch to improve the appearance of a youth, u haring his lock1 skilfally trimmed; it give. him a preposeeeeing appearaaae, which often does him good service. A handaome look, sir, is often more valuable to a young gentleman than half a fortune. Having the bead well trim med on the outside, does a youth aometimes more eervice than having it well lined with brains. I eee, sir, you wince as the cold sci8in touch your neck. : always know a man from a warm country hT that, air. There, sir, I think that will do. You look admirably, although I ay it tllat should not say it, inasmuch as I contributed tO your good looks with my own hands and sci880l'S." I peeped into a small mirror, and upre&Rd myself satisfied, for the man had really performed his operation w.eU and quickly. I gave him a ahilling. Here, sir, is your change," said the man of the scidOrs ; and be tendered Ille sixpenoe.

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TRB ADVIUITUIUIS OJ' 4 CRBOLB. 37 '' Never mind the cbaoge," said I. Bless me! I would not mind it were you a '1r years older; but, air, aispeuce ia my price, llld I coald not think ol taking more of a youth than I charge a man." Perceiving I still neglected the change, he Mded,-" Well, air, as you ebooae ; bat I'll give you a piece of adYiee which will, perhaps, be worth than sixpence. Never offer a tradesman doable what he asks, because he paya a compliment to your appearance. &cuae me, eir,-ha, ha, ha!" I &hanked the man for hia advice, which was not bad, considering I paid for it. 'fhe loquacioua barber pereeived I n:s:ed my eyes on the hair I have spoken or: he said,-" Fine hair, Bir: I haYe been in the trade, man and boy, thirty years, and never aaw any article IO beaotiful. his the colour oC your hair, only half.+dozen shades dark.er. It is lovely, and it belonged to as lovely a young woman as Der I aaw. She ia, like yourself, from foreign pvt&, becauae she has a blackamoor woman aa her ee"ant. Poor young lady I gave her, last week, twice as much as it was worth in trade, because &be appeared in distress : she took the money with a tear in her eye, which &be tried to

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38 W .AUJlll .a\lltn'(DBLL : conceal. I g0t amioua to find out who she wu, and sent my boy, Bill,-a 'cute lad, air,-toiJllow her : the went to a butcher and a baker, wltere he bought eome provision, which her tawny servant carried. Bill then followed them to a back alley in Swallow Street, where she liYee. BiU asked all about her, and found she i& the wife of a poor sick ofticer, and mother of three ehildren. The good creature sold her beautiful hair to titfr the hunger of her sick husband, and tim:aiDing babes-God bleae her! Why, love you, air, yea have a tear in your eye t Yoo need eGt hicW it : you should be ashamed of sel1Wl tears, bdo cause they are unmanly ; bat the *"' that are lhed for the distrea or &ootaer do tJ.s hoaeur." "Will you allow your boy/' Ired I., ''to shew me where this lady lives-t" That I will,'' replied the worthy trimmer ol. hair; and the more willingly beeaue I bellP6 your visit will be one of benevolence." He called bis boy, and bid him shew me where the diatresaed fami1y re1ic1ed. He took laim uide ere we left the shop, and I beard Dim at.y to ttie boy in a whisper,"Now, Bill, if.he eJFers yoa aaythiag 'Clon't accept it, and I'll giw you what be 'WUltl you.: take." I took leave of tb kin4 barber, and followed.

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TSE A.DYBfiUJUE fW .A CllBOLll, 30 hil lad about foDI' hundretl ,ma: he took me up 9Jdri,alley ,.'f 1'lris nthe ho088," said the boy; "you will lad: tbe family in the garret.'' Up l went; bnt, before I got to the Ant I pl95ed to recollect what I wee abont, Al'eeted "1 the story told by the barber, I l'llblval, in the first iapalte of my feelings, to ,..,,. the utreu of the family. I poueeeed the IDlliie Gldoiog this, Jaaving just returned from daeeit.J-with.my quartef's allowanee in my pock. Doi, woal4' my viait be well taken t The hasbend of th, lady wu an .Ueer ia -the army, and might reaeat that u an inmlt whicll I meant 88 an ace of kinda I recollectal *1iat the husband wu lick, abd. l J'eSObed to introdace myself 88 a medical student, and. to beg pennilllion to preolllribe mr tile gentleman. Approving of this &lw.ugbt,.: l ascended, and kaocked at the door of the garret. Came in, .. aid a faint voice. I lifted. the latch, ancl a sight 1truck my eyea which, utenished me. The garret had no covering but the tiles of the ho,.. ; t.he light. wae admitted through a aiegle f. leade.latiice, which held green and knotted panes of glase, some broken, arid lDIDCMd:l'lfi*h, pP'f 'l'lulb"91a this. window was

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4() WARKU ARUKDBLL: eeen a vast 111818 ofroofa of houaes, thickly covered with the discoloured SDOW of London ; in a 1111811 grate lingered the embers of a nearly utinct fin: an ancient table, with two old-fashioned chain, were the only articles of furniture in the room. Against one of the raften bung a tarniahed aod worn uniform of a lieutenant of iofim.try ; and beside the wall was a letter-holder, fall of thoee vouchers of poverty, pawnbroken' duplieatee. In one corner of the room crouched a malattoe, with a blanket over her : she seemed t.o try io vain to keep herself wum. Aa I entered, she rose, and I at onee recognised her to be my old friend, Lucy. On a &ck-bed in a corner repoeed my fellow-passenger, Rivers, with two children by hia aide : the three were covered by a military great coat. The father was ao worn by misery, that, bad I not known Lucy, I ehould not have recognised him ; beside his bed sat hie beautiful wife-for beautiful she was, de11pite her wretchedoesa. Although famine bad thrown his pallid hae over her cheek, she support.eel an infant in her arms ; her dress bore marks of fade4 gentility. Grim poverty seemed to pervade the cold room. Maasa Warner screamed Locy ; and, alter a second, the distreleed both uclaimed, Mr. Arundell!"

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TBB ADT'JDn'1JRBI OP A caBOLB. 41 I knek to embrace my old friend ; after which I exclaimed, looking round me, Good God! Captain Rinn--" and checked myself. "I unden&and you, Mr. Arundell-you are alaoeked at our wretchedness: and, truly, these are not 1pleadid apartmentll for the lieutenant ia his majestys army-t.he heir-pree11.mptive of a luge estate ; nor is dt.ia fumitore suitable to dae rank of the .daagbter oi a colonel. But what broughi you here? I thoughi indigenoeconcealed me from all my acquaintance." I stammered out something, not very coherent, about my coming to visit a person I ht\IHd wu lick, in order to improve my meiical 1tudies. "Arundell," said he, grasping my hand, you are a worthy young man; but be advised hy rae never attempt a IalseDood.. Nay, I meant no offence. Never attempt disaimulation; fer, practise it aa you will, your is i.o boneat for yoa to become au adept in it. So, Amelia, our youog friend, who saved our eldest boy, baa paid us a visit to try his hand a doctoring on me : like P. P. the pariah clerk, liO bleed adventures be not, except on the Bat, whatever brought you here, I am happy lll08t happy-to see you." "Mr. Wa,rner could have no other motives in visiting ua but those of kindneu ; he is, there.

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42 W.A.RlflUl AlttJ'll'J>BJ.L: fore, welcome," said the lady, extending her bud; which I took. here .ia your old acquaintance, who shot Jumbee. Nay, don't cry so.; the gentleman ia a friend." But the poor child wept on ; and tbe otber two joined him, deap.ite motber11 attempt to quiet them. Their's waa the. raiere "' iug of infancy ; it waa the wailing of (amine. Each cry reverberated iQ tlte hearta or the .father aod mother. Most agooi.aiog to ears or the parents are the cries of 111.e .cbild,en for Mod, when the latter 9&tisfJ the. qn.viogs or their ofFspring I "How are you, Luc7,t" s,id.I. Pretty miserable, Maua'W amer; hope 1": are the eame." "You 8ee1ll weak, Lucy. I hepe you are DOt sick?" No, maua; only a little weak aad CQ).d. Thia couu.try cold for tr.tie ; eveiry body cold like the I t;LO .. (ai.ckneu) biit hWJger.'" "That ia a disease I ea.n. eaail1 Rise, ii you able,. .lilld get .eometbing t for ,.ourself; and order some ab I am periabing with c:old." : I put a into )le;r b&pd. She et.ood my JXMUiug, was to-send

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TBB Al>nntttrRB8 01' A. CRBOLB. 43 aometlring to aatisty the cravings of the starring fimi!y, without ot"ending the lieutenant or bis wfte: "Blemings OD your good heart, MB88& war .. oer! I just tell missis, God Almighty go send him angel to help us; an him send ,,bat ls mi>re better than angel-him send a kind yoang man to-relieve us, and teed the starving child mi, .. eaid poor Lucy, bursting into tean. I_ hurried her ollt of t1ae room, and, OD the knding, gave her directions what she should procare tbr the immediate use of the hapleu flmily. Arundell, this is 'Olt kind," said Rivers, grupiiag my hand with an the strength that licknese left him -hia felt deadly cold; but I .Wh1ever be able to J*Y you. The poor half. pay of a lieutenant scarcely support.a us when I am in health; and now disease has reduced aa''to this state of misery. For the last week fitave been 1obsistiag on my poor Amelia11 hair; and, just before you came in, ehe talked of eelling W' teeth to a dentist.'' :. I eoiieavoored to divert the melancholy con ty inquiring After hit malady. Thie I Coand to be an inveterate tertian fever. U ndet getting some medicine, I stepped out it6il a bottle or port wine. On my

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W AJU(88 ilVJfDBLL : return, I found that Luey had been moat ex peditious : she had procured r-.dy-dreaeed proviaioDS and fuel. In no place can all these be obtained so readily aa in London-for money; hut without it, a man stands a greater chanee of famishing in Fleet Market than on the rock of Sombrero, or in the wilds of South America. The children and Lucy ate so ravenoualy that I waa obliged &o iaterpole. The lieu&enut and his lady ate more sparingly. I, howeTer, eauaed them to partake of a little wine ; ud Rivers explained the caue of hie preeent mis. fortune. Previously to my acquaintance with him, he had been captured by the French, and eent w Cayenne. In the same prison with him was a colonel and his daughter, his present wife, whom he married ; a chaplain of an English ment, also a prisoner, performing the ceremony. Shortly after this, Cayenne was taken by tile English. His father-in-law wu sent home, and, 1ubeequeotly, to Ceylon. Rivers remained in the West Indies, until ordered to England in 1812. On his arrival, hie father was mortally o8endecl at his marriage, beCaaae he maintained an old grudge against the father of his wife: he would not speak to him. Rivers, having nothing to depend upon ba&

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TBB ADVDTVRD OP A oaBOLB. 40 his word and his ensign's commieeion, joined hit regiment in Spain ; his aft"ectioaate wife follow iag him ; and her old slave Lucy took senice in a West India &mily. Three yean' hard fight ilg, and two woanda, got him promoted to the Dok of a lieutenant. At the peace, in 1814, he was pot on half pay. His father now sent for him, and made the following shameful propcml: riz.,.as he wu manied in a French priaon by a clergyman now dead, without the necessary formalities being observed, the father told him, it he would take advantage of those circum stances, and deny the validity of his marriage, he would give the lieutenant 10,000l., and settle an annuity on the lady. Rivers would not listen for one moment to a proposition so infamous, and upbraided hit father in no meuored terms. The old man's wrath knew no bounds : he bought up all hie eon's debts, and caused him to be al'l'elted and thrown into prison. His wife sold all her little trinkets to free her husband ; and even Lucy (who had rejoined them) added her saYings. He got out of gaol, but was attack ed by a tedious malady. The expenses occasioned by this reduced them to their present milery. I remained with Rivers long after night set in, and then trod my way through the sno, to

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46 1URMB8 48UJJDRLL: 111y apartments at Dr. Moleeworth's. The nut day, as I left my residence to viait Rivers. I met the celebrated Dr. Baillie. He had 'ftf peatedly seen me with Dr. Molesworth, and 1'88 condescending enough to pay me some atteotien. Have you," said he," ever seen a ease '4 CAorea Sandi Viti 1" I replied in the negative. If you have nothing better to do, step iDio my carriage, and I '11 shew you a moet eurwordinary case." I told the doctor I had a patient or my OWD w visit. Yon a patient!" said the doctor, good humouredly. What, not being duly quali6ecl, you are going to kill without a licenee This is downright poaching upo11 our manor." I am," replied I, acting under peculiar circumatances." I have little time," 1'4doined the doctor, "to listen to peculiar circumstancea, in this cold wea ther, at the door of my carriage. I am going towards St. James' Square; if your patient lins in that direction, take a ride with me." I entered the carri&ge, and begged him to take Swallow Street in his way. This he ordered the coachman to do. Seated in the coach, he asked me abou& my

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TBB ADTB1'TUBBS OP .l CRBOLB. 47 pl&ient.: I, as briefly aa I could, related how I became acquainted with Rivers, and in what 1tate I found him and his family yestenlay. The doctor seemed interested io the 9tory, and asked me how I intended to treat the sick man. I said that I 1lad ordered him to take a doee of antimony, com bined with the submuriate of mercury ; and that, it the medicine operated well, I intended to ad minitier alternate doses of solution of anenic and Peruvian bark. "Not a bad method of treating a tertian,'' aid the doctor ; but wm you aWFer me to act as your consulting doctor ?" To this humane and condescending proposi tion of the physician of royalty, I, of course, consented ; and, in a few minutes, we were at the entrance of the alley in which lived the lieute nant : the readily mounted to the garret with me. Rivers was 8Urprieed, and seemed rather eliagrined, at receiYing a visit from Dr. Baillie, wliom, however, he did not know ; bat the doctor's kind inquiries soon dispelled the cloud from his brow. His displeasure, doubtless, arose from being seen under such indigent circum ltances. After inquiring into the patient's symp toms, he gave me directions, in Latin, how I was to treat him ; begged that I would visit rum at

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48 W .l.B'KBB ..l.Bll':NDBLL : his lloue in the afternoon, and left me with Riven. After the doctor went, I could not but oblerve what an air of cheerfolnese the trifling sum I hall given Lucy had diffiised around the miserable garret. Riven inquired who the kind phyliciaa wu whom I had brought to aee him 1 I told him, and then went to a neighbouring apothecary, where I got the medieines recommended by the doctor. The lientenant's disease, which had never been well treated, soon gave way to the remedies recommended by the grdt Baillie. On visiting the doctor in the evening, be, after inquiring how the lieutenant got on, addreued me thus : Look you, Mr. Arondell, just before I aw you this morning, I visited a hypochondriacal peer-one of thoee who, for ever, -' The doctor tease To name the namele1111, ever new disease.' Vexed at being sent for to treat an imaginary complaint, when I had more patients really sick than I could attend, his lordship perceived my impatience, and was offended. I left him : be sent his valet after me with a note, which in formed me that be would dispense with my future visits; but it enclosed a check on his

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TBB A.DVBKTURB8 OP A. C&BOLB. 49 banker for fifty pounds. As I dislike pocketing fees from people who are not sick, I resolved to give the money to some charity. Now, Mr. Arundell, I will thank you to give or eend to your poor friend the fifty pounds, without letting him know from whom it comes." I consented to aid the doctor's act of bene volence, and sent the money by a man belonging to Middlesex Infirmary I enclosed it in a leUer, and made a fellow-student write the addreee, lest Rivers should know my hand-writing. The next day I visited my patient : he challenged me with having sent the money to him. I pledged my honour that the money had never been mine. He asked me if I would declare that I did not know who sent it. I declined an swering. He rightly guessed whence it came. He said he would not accept it ; but that he felt himself so much better, that he would receive it as a loan, being convinced that he should be able to repay it in a short time: In a week or two he was so far advanced in convalescence, that he was enabled to employ himself copying drawings for a picture-shop in Rathbone Place. The emoluplents he received for his labour were but trifling ; but they helped him to eke out the slender income of a half-pay lieutenant. He removed to a more decent lodgVOL. II. D

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50 W A.BlfBB A.BUll'DBLL ing, whence poverty was banished : he had learnt frugality from misfortune-that st.em teacher of the use of money. In a few weeks after this, tJie wholesale ho man butcher, Buonaparte, having escaped from Elba, set Europe once more in a ferment. Rivers readily joined his regiment, and behaved so well at Waterloo that be was promoted to a company. The last time I heard from him in Europe, he was with the army of occupation in France, where he lived comfortably with his fiunily on the full _pay of a captain.

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TBB ADVB'lfTUBU OP A CBBOLE. 61 CHAPTER Ill. Ab! [ am but a ball for Fortun' loot To IJnlrll where'er Ille lilta." Tiu TIOO CililllU. b 1816 I studied hard, in order to pass exa mination as a surgeon ; and calculated that my next quarter's allowance would pay all the ree8 or my license, as well as purchase a email ease or instruments. One afternoon I heard the postman's peculiar knock at the door. Th is was opened by the porter, and I heard the man of letters an nounce, Mr. Warner Arundell, -two shillings and two-pence." I sent the money ; and, on look ing at the address, I recognised the well-known writing of the head clerk of Keen and Leech. The address was ominous; having a Mr. before my name, instead of an Esquire after it. It was a single instead of a double letter; consequently contained no bill of exchange. The contents ran thus:-.. Buaeterre, St. Chrietopher'1, SIR. April lit, 1S16. "Referring you to London prices cur rent for low quotations of muscovadoes, and at

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52 WA.8NBR A.RU1'DBLL: the same time to accounts current, hereto annexed, exhibiting increased expenses and decreasing crope of your late father's estates (Arun dell and Clarence) in this island and Antigua, we beg leave to ad.vile the foreclosure of our mortgages on the ume, 80 aa to save any further loss to our house. "Under these circumstances, it will not be in our power to continue the remittance (per your order) of 2501. sterling per annum. We regret that the kind feeling of our senior towards your late respected father's memory should have induced him to advance (per your order) the several sums we have remitted since your departure for Eng land, with which your account now stands de bited in our books, and which, together with the old balance, we trust you will speedily liquidate. Hoping to hear satisfactory accounts of you (post-paid or franked), we beg leave to assure you of our readiness to forward your views, whenever you may be pleased to place us in funds. We are, Sir, Your obedient faithful Servants, KEEN AND LEECH." "To MB. WARNER ARUNDBLL, LeNDON. ("Per Packt.")

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TBB ADVBlfT111U18 01' A C&BOLE. 63 The news contained in this ralcally letter eame upon me unexpectedly, aod threw a damp apon my spirits. I was not much in debt ; but, on the other tide, I had little money. At no period of my life was I a good manager in pe cmUuy matters ; and all the money my aunt gave, or rather paid me, together with my last qaarter'a allowance, were nearly expended. While I was reperusing the epistle of Keen and Leech, Dr. Molesworth came in. He asked me what aewa I had received from the W eat Indies. I put the letter into hia hand. He read it, and llid,-" Sad news this, Mr. Araodell ; more especially at the preeent, when you moat want muoey. But, at the same time, I cannot help obeening how admirably this letter is written. What a buainese-like style I" D-n their Btyle '' said I. Hnah I" said the doctor ; don't swear : it is highly immoral. Learn to take matters phi losophically. Young men are apt to be violent. Take pattem by me ; see how cool I am.'' Truly, doctor, you are as cool as Cooper, amputating a limb, and upbraiding the patient for groaning. But can yon please to advise me what I had better do in my present difficulty t" Why, in the first place, you are stopping

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WARYD ilUWDBLL: with me at much expense, when you might liT a t very trifling cost, at tboee cheap lodging kept by persons who, in the phraseology of th b ills they stick in their windows, take in youn 1 men, and do for them.' I will follow your advice to-morrow mom i og, as soon at I find any one who will take "'' i and do for me, if you have no objection." None in the leaat; because I expect hH pupils from the West Indies, and your ehambeJ will be wanted for the accommodation of one o f them. And then let us see what you hall better do. Were you licensed as a surgeon, I could get you into an apothecary's shop. Yow pay would not be great at first; but, after s time, it would be augmented ; and, if you behavE y ourself, you might become a partner in the hop.'' A partner in an apothecary's shop!" said I, with some disdain ; for I had the ridiculou5 prejudices of creoles against shopkeepers. What taid the doctor; you think it degrading to turn shopkeeper 1 We have, in corn, been called a nation of shopkeepers; yet he who so denominated us found us too power fol for the nation of cooks and dancingmaaten, that for a dozen years bad cringed and fawned to his tyranny, and a dozen years before that

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TBB OP A CREOLE. 55 talked of liberating the world. But, 88 you object going into an apothecary's establiehment, would you like to go 88 surgeon on board a South Sea whaler ? I could, I think, get you that appointment." That would be more acceptable, doctor." Or how would you like to go as surgeon on board a veaael bound to Sidney with convict&? Or to go," added I, as pa88enger on board the same vessel at the charge of govern ment, with a letter of recommendation from the Recorder or London, written in a business-like style at the Old Bailey. But, on the whole, I prefer going in a whaler." 111 see about it to-morrow. You can re main with me to-morrow, at all event and I '11 make no charge for the day's expen&etl. Let me eee ; bow does our account stand ? You owe me a month's board this day. Troe it is you are not quite of age ; therefore, in one respect, in capable of contracting debts; but then, you know, I can demand by law from a minor any l'eason able upenses for his maintenance." Dr. Molesworth," said I, with a little warmth, 1 often beard you say that you knew my father to be a gentleman in every sense of that noble word : I have lived four years in your

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56 house, and trust you haTe not found me degenerate." By no means,'' replied the doctor. Then why talk to me of a legal demand ? I fairly owe you some twelve or thirteen pounds. Gentlemen pay their juat debm because they are just, and wait not for the law to oblige them to do an act of common honesty." Heyday! young man; I neTer berore obsened you were prond." "Because you never before knew me poor." I wu getting angry : I bad received bad tidings enough to rutlle tbe temper of most men, and I thought the doctor's eelfiah remark was ill-timed. Fortunately, the discussion was cot short by the arrival of company. Wine was introduced, of which I partook freely ; bot it failed to elevate my spirits. At an earlier hour than usual I retired, taking leave of the doetor with cool politeness. AITived in my chamber, I looked O\'er the state of my finances, which 1 found rather above twenty pounds. I went to bed, but not to sleep. After tossing and tumbling for three hours, I fell into a doubtful slumber : but unpleasant dreum tormented me. I thought I was in Antigua, on the Clarence plantation, and my father stood

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TBB ADVBTVBBS OP A CRBOLB. 57 beside me ; that Keen, Leech, and their clerk, Arnold, were in conversation with my parent. The old gentleman, methought, upbraided them with cheating me, when Leech threw an immense ledger at my sire: it miased him, and knocked me down. As I fell, I thought the aeeount.book lay on my mouth, so as to prevent my breathing ; while, at the same time, Keen, aided by his clerk, rolled a hogshead of muscovadoea upon me. In vain I attempted to roll of the ponderous cask, and remove the heavy ledger from my mouth. I could not respire, while a ton-weight lay on my breast. I tried in Tain to shriek; and, at last, did so: until, with a start, I awoke, and the incubus vanished. I found myeelf lying on my back ; the bedclothes bad lodged over my mouth and nose, so as to impede my respiration. I could not sleep after this attack of night mare, bot patiently listened to the information attempted to be given by the watchman: he, every half-boor, called past --o'clock; what the 'intermediate word was I could not catch, bot he always added, "a cloudy morning:" for the watchmen in London. are paid for waking people, to tell them the hour of the night and the state of the weather. Thia WU ill 1816. D2

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5S WARNER ABUJrDELL: Day at length dawned; and the watchman's cry gave way to the sweep's wailing call, wbieb sounded like Weep, weep!" To this succeeded the dustman's annoying bell; then followed the milkman's call. A hundred voices formed what is called the "Cries of London," mingled like a Dutch medley, and proclaimed that the busy metropolis was awake. I arose, made my hasty toilet, sent the doc tor what I owed him, and set out to look for a place where, according to cockney phraseology, young men are taken in and done for." After walking about for half an hour, I found myself in the Haymarket ; when suddenly, passing Pan ton Street, I encountered my old friend, Captain Trevallion. We warmly saluted each other; and he asked me to adjourn with him to his lodgings in Jermyn Street. Arrived there, he inquired about my prospects. I briefly expl11ined my situation, and shewed him the business-like letter" of Keen and Leech. Very concise and satisfactory," said Tre vallion; "but I wonder, when they advised yon to pay postage of any letter to them, they did not pay the postage of their letter to you. Well, Master Arundell, what do you think of doing?" '' I have not made up my mind about that." Do you wish to make your fortune I

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TBB ADVBNTURB8 OP A CBBOLB. 59 toppose you do. I will tell how this can be done hand over hand. You know what is going on in South America : the whole continent is in a state of war. An expedition is fitting out to auist the patriots ; amongst the rest, I go, with a recom mendation from Don Mendez for the command of a ship in their service. You ought to know their country; you have been there, and speak their gtOberish: that is the country for you. Bolivar is carrying every thing before him. In a few months af'ter our arrival, the republicans will be in posses sion or Peru and Mexico, where gold and silver are more plentiful than tin and lead in Cornwall." How am I to get there?" asked I ; I have not the means of paying my passage." Take no thought about that. You are a sorgeon-not licensed; but no matter, you are able to set a broken limb, or, if necessary, to dock one: that's all that is required. The Saucy Jack sails in a few days Crom Portsmouth : the agreement with the passengers is, that a doctor shall be provided for the voyage. You are the man ; you'll get your passage free. Take breakfast trith me, and then let us go together to Mr. W: he will introduce you to old Don Mendez, who will give you a commission as surgeon in the Columbian service; and as to the owners orthe Saucy Jack, I warrant they'll give you a

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60 WARNER ARUNDBLL: passage if yon will consent to act as doctor during the voyage." I took. breakfast with Trevallion; duriog which repast, he seemed so enthuaiutic about his future prospect& in South America, that I entered into his views ere we swallowed our first cup of tea. Half an hour's walk brought us to the house of Mr. W--, in a street leading out of Totten ham Court Road. I found him the very merchant at whose house I took refuge during the night after the earthquake at Caraccas. He did not recognise me at first, but I made him recollect me : he received me with great warmth, heard Trevallion'e account of me, and proposed in stantly to introduce me to Don Mendez. To this we consented: the don lived close by, and I was ushered into his presence. He seemed a little elderly man, with a aallow complexion and hawk's eye, which was lively enopgh to have belonged to a man thirty years younger ; his room was crowded with eoliciton for the honour of bearing commissions in the South American service. He gave a brief audience to each candidate in his turn, and always granted his recommendation of the applicant for a com mission ; which recommendation he addressed to the different insurgent chiefs : none were rejected. I never saw so many heroes in one room-ac

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TBE ADVB1'TUBB8 OP A CRBOLB. 61 cording to their own account. Each had seen the most extraordinary services, and had been in all the battles that bad been fought aince their birth. Ooe sallow-looking, middle-aged man, who had been in the Eaat, and was diamiued the Com pany's service because he was too lucky at cards, said that he, with a single company of sepoys, had defeated the grand army of Raja Roul JOUJkr Rum Un. I am not sure that I am correct io the orthography of that potentate's name, never having seen it written ; bot that was the way it was pronounced by Captain Curri, late of the East India Company's service. There were several Frenchmen in the room, who were not a whit behind the English candidates for commissions in bravery: not a Johnny Crapeau of them but had been in all the scenes of glory which were recorded on the Napoleon column in Paris. They proposed to eat all the Spaniards in South America I Verily, they looked hoogry enough. All, both English and French, had cultivated most warlike whiskers, and some had extensive mustachios. Perhaps, when they modeatly pretended to be heroes, they feared that they should look barefaced; and hence encouraged the growth of hair on their countenances: or it might have been done to conceal their bluahea.

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62 W.ABJrEB .ABU1'DELL: Many of them !laid they had been majon-who, perhaps, had been serjeant.majors ; and one C?r two shewed the marks or drunken broils as the scars of honourable wounds. Old Mendez ap peared to believe all, and granted every one the commission he required, provided he could pay his pusage on board certain vessels. The fact was, this patriot was leagued with a set of llCOUD drels, who were speculating on the credulity of certain per80ns, by fitting out ships for the of carrying passengers to South America, making them pay enormonaly high for villanous accom modation ; hence, while the trumpeters of their own exploits thought they were deceiving Mendez, they were his dupes: this I afterwards discovered. At length my time arrived to be presented to the don. Mr. W--introduced me as an old friend, a graduate of the University of Camccas, and a pupil in surgery and medicine to some of the first physicians of London: be added, that I was solicitous to obtain th&. appointment of sur geon to the South American army, and willing to officiate as medical man on board the Saucy Jack. Finding that, unlike my fellow-candidates for promotion, I did not blow my own trumpet, Mr. W--kindly consented to give a blast or two of his own in my favour. The don spoke to me in Spanish, and was pleased at finding I replied ...

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THE ADVBHTURBS OP A CRBOLB. 63 in pure Castilian : he asked under whom I had studied at Caraccas, and who were my preceptors in London. Being well satisfied with my an swers, be said to W--, in a low voice," Thia young gentleman will do well ; he is superior to the flock that apply for commission111, although he does not sound his own praise." He then wrote out my commission, with an order on the Colombian go'eroment for pay, at the rate of JOO dollars per month, to commence Crom that day. He advised me to join the Saucy Jack the evening of the following day, and he would acquaint the owners that he had found a surgeon ; he further told me, that all the passen gers were already on board, and they only would wait until I arrived. I promised to obey his instruction11, and took my leave. I went to Dr. Molesworth's, took a cold fare well of him, removed my luggage to Trevallion's lodgingll, and commenced taking leave of a few frieuds. My time was too short to allow my taking out my license as a surgeon : in this, as well as in all I did since I received the letter of Keen and Leech, I acted precipitately, and shewed little knowledge of the world. lo the afternoon, as I was walking along Fleet Street, I rect>ived a hearty slap on my back. Turning round to see who gave me this rough

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64 W' .A.BlfD ABVlfDBLL : ealute, I reeogni&ed Mr. Holywell, the late supercargo of the Tickler. How are you, with your eye out?" said he. This was bis coatomary aalute, for bis lan guage was the same he uaed during oor voyage home. Four years' residence in London made him appear more stout and rosy about the gills. During the passage I often saw him naked, taking a l'hower-bath, and used to admire his tine mu cular frame. He appeared to poeeeea all the traits of irresistible strength of the Farnese Hercules, without the heaviness which characteriees that celebrated statue ; but now, being dressed in what he called his swell toggery .'' with his enormous crop of cravats, huge bunch of seals, red waistcoat, frock coat, and ill-cut dufBe great coat, he seemed a Hercules covered with the skin of a new-slain bear. The people of London seem to dress for three purposes: for warmth, decency, and, lastly, to disfigure their forms. How are you, my trump? You look in prime twig!" said Holywell. We in vain tried to enter into conversation. We were partly hindered by the number of cant phrases with which Holywell interlined his diacouree, but principally by the abominable noiae of a thousand vehicles, many of them carts loaded with iron hara: these prevented, with their noiae,

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TBB ADVB1'TUBB8 OP A CBBOLB. 65 our hearing each other. My companion eeized me by the arm, and led me up one of those retired alleys which lead oft' from moet of the noiay streets ofthe city. We entered into one ohhoee quiet, cleanly, but dark houses ofaceommodation, 10metbing between a chop-hoU8e and a tavern. "Waiter!" eaid Holywell. Sar!" replied a voice; and immediately, oat of a dark recess in the room, appeared a smoke-dried-faced waiter. A bottle of blackatrap," said my friend. "D'ractly, 6ar," replied the waiter, vanishing into darkness, and immediately reappearing, as if by magic, with a bottle, two glaues, and a corkscrew. These be placed in a little box, uncorked the wine, and once more left us. The wine was auperior to that Day and Martin-look ing composition which, I believe, is a mixture of sloe-juice and gin, but which the inhabitants of London swallow for port, "neat a1 imported/" We entered into conversation. Holywell inrormed me that, from having been the managing clerk, and occasionally the supercargo of Sucker and Sons, he for the last three years had been in businees for himself in Wood Street, and that he u doing well. I, on my part, related all that had occurred t.o me since we parted, up to the hour

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66 WARND .&aUNDBLL: of my receiving the letter of Keen and Leech. He read it, and said,-" They are out-and-out coves, and up to the time of day: they got you away until they were able to trump op a Flemish" account against your estates, and then bilked you out or them. But yon don't intend to put up with all this?" What can I do 1" Get a license to use your lancet ; cl'088 the Aerring-pond to St. Kitt's; live by physicking the darkies ; in the meantime, appeal against the forecloeure of the mortgage, and bring the matter before the chancery beak." I have but one objection against following your advice-I have no money." It won't take much blunt to do what I re commend, and for that I give you tick, and you may pay me when yon are Bush or skreeos. 111 come down with the dust this moment. Waiter t pen and ink. I'll give you a flimsy (check) on Ransom, Moreland, and Co. What shall it be for? one hundred, or one hundred and fifty? say the word." The ready way that Holywell offered his assist ance astonished me; I never could have suppmed Bank ot Eogl111d ootaa, I belieYe,

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TBB A.DVB1'TURBS OP A. CREOLE, 67 that one who used such vulgar language possessed so munificent a disposition. After thank ing him for his generous oft'er, I told him that I cou.ld not accept it, explaining that I was under engagements to Don Mendez. "Cut the old cove, by all means," said Holy well, or you'll be 'Piflicated. He's a knowing blade. Lord love your West Indian simplicity I What a cake you are, not to see the rig! He is playing into the hands of a set of crosa ship4 01'Den, who are fitting out vessels to carry pU84 engers (spoonies like yourself) across the Dolpllin Bi"1'. The accommodations on board these craft are on the cheap-and-nasty plan, and yet the blunt for the passage is shamefully high. A set of coves apply to him for commissions, telling the old one long yarns about their service ; he seems to swallow all their crammers, and grants them whatever commissions they ask,-captains, ma jon, colonels,-all the same to Mendez, and all the me to those who get those humbug com .. missions. They think that they humbug the old codger, and he well knows that they are his gulJs. My Lord! Warner, I did not think you were 811Ch a Johnny Raw!" I tried to combat his disparaging notions of Mendez, and did this with greater warmth because I suspected that they were true, and

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68 W ARNBR ARV1'DBLL : that I had been duped. I, however, told him that I paid nothing for my pusage, because I agreed to act as a surgeon on board the Saucy Jack. "So far,'' observed Holywell, "so good: you'll loee nothing, perhaps, except your time, and will gain what I suspect you want,-tbat is, experience. The patriots and royalists are fight ing like game-cocks : should the Spaniards floor the Americans, you're done up ; but if the republicans succeed, they'll give you a large tract of ground, which will be like that of Teague, -if you have it for nothing, you can't make your own money of it." There you are mistaken," said I ; the land in South America is very rich." So," replied be, ia the bottom of the sea : but how we are to get the riches out of it, ia a question that would puzzle a horse to ao8W'er, and he has a longer head than either of us. Arundell, don't go I" I was, however, obstinate, because I supected I was wrong. Finding I was resolved on going, he ceased persuading me against it, but asked me if I wanted any thing for the voyage to which he could &Hist me 1 I replied in the negative. He inquired if I had a set of surgical instruments : if not, he could recommend me to a friend of hie

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TRB ADVlll1'TURB8 OP A CREOLE. 69 who would supply me, to be paid for when I eould. I answered, that I certainly wished for &he instruments of my profeeeion, but could not afford to buy them ; neither would I take credit for them, because I conceived it dishonourable to ran in debt without having any prospect of paying f'or them. After discussing a rump-steak, dressed in the nnrivalled London fashion, we separated with mutual good wishes, but not until Holywell asked me where my present lodgings were. We parted about four o'clock. The next morning, after I had breakfasted with Trevallion, the servant of the house brought in a large parcel. On opening it, I found it to contain a complete set of surgical instruments, in three eases, with my name engraved on each case, and a letter, written in a disguised hand, which stated that the instruments were the present of a lady. It was easy to see through Holywell's generous device : I was intimately acquainted with DO lady, and surgical instruments were not preeeots that women would think of making. If I bad the slightest doubt as to who, with such deepatch, sent me the cases, it was removed by looking at the seal of the letter. It bore the im pression of a negro supporting a cup, designed

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70 W A.RlfBR A.RUlfDBLL : to represent cup presented to the boxer Crib, after his defeating an American negro. I had noticed this impression on one of the large seals wom by Holywell, and a lady was not likely to have a fac-simik of it. My first resolution was to return the instru ments to my generous friend ; but, on reflection, I thought it would be ungrateful. I recollected that I possessed an old-fashioned and valuable gold watch and appendages, which had belonged to my father, and which had been in my possession ever einee my childhood : these I to send to Holy well. As I looked at the laat vestige of my poor father's property, I shed a tear at the thoughts of parting with it, and kissed the toy, as though it possessed feeling. I consoled myself with the reflection, that, if my sire's spirit hovered about me, he would not be displeased at my sacrificing this relic to satisfy a proud sense of honour. "Pardon me, dearest parent," apostrophised I; pardon your orphan son, for parting with this, your last relic : but my motives for so doing are such as you, were you beside me, would approve. Your mournful prophecy, made during my in fancy, is being fulfilled ; but, though indigent, I will never be despicable : oppression and mit fortune may weigh heavy on me, but they shall never bow me down to dishonour or beggary."

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TBB ADVBl'ITUBBS OP A CREOLB. 71 I wrote a letter to my friend, !n which I took ao notice of the instruments, but requested him to keep the watch until I should return ; and, if he never should see me more, to retain it for the sake of our old friendship. I packed the watch in a small ease, directed it to Holywell, and or dered the landlord or the house to eend it the next day : this he promised to do, and kept hie word. That evening, with five pounds in my pocket, I took my leave of London, and, accompanied by Trevallion, seated myself on the top of the Portsmouth stage, to join the Saucy Jack. As day dawned, the coach descended Poetdown Hill, and, after taking breakfast at the Blue Poets, I went on board the Saucy Jack. The captain said he was glad to see Trevallion and myself, as we were the only passengers he had, to wait for. In the afternoon the pilot came on board, and, with a light breeze, we worked out of Portsmouth harbour.

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72 W A.RNBB AR11lfDBLL : CHAPTER IV. While I hue time and apace, Before 1 further ia my tale do pea. It aeemeth me accordant 1111to reuon, To tell 1111to yoa all the condition or each or them 80 it-moo to me ; And who they were, ad ol what degree." Ciuvcu. On, on the Yeuel lliea-the land ia gone, And wiada are nade iD Biaay'a aleepl.-i.y." BTao:c. IT wa11 evening before we fairly got into the British Channel. During the night we passed the coast of Devon, with a light but favourable wind ; the next moru.ing we were off Cornwall ; and the third day of our voyage, the land of Albion had vanished from our view. It is now high time that I should say something of the vessel I sailed in, and the captain and pasaengera I sailed with. The first had been adver tised as the celebrated fast-sailing American

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TBB ADVBMTURBI OP A CRBOLB. 73 schooner, Saucy Jack," which bad been captured during the late war, and had been fitted up with superior accommodations for passengen to South America : but, instead of being, as pretended, a Baltimore clipper, sbe was built in the north of England, and was u mere a tub at sailing ae ever fell behind a convoy. The accommodations were most incommodious, and the provisions abundant, but execrable. She was about 100 tons harden; had on board a skipper, mate, five seamen, two stewards, and a cook; and carried thirty-seven regular passengers, besides two females,-one the wife of the captain, and the other that of the cook. I will describe the captain, and some of my fellow-passengers, as I did on a former occasion. Fmtly, there was Captain Canter. Never wu a man better named ; for be was a hypocrite and a knave, with the. fear of the Lord for ever in his mouth, and the lowest scoundrelism in his heart : he would have been atrocious, but wanted force of character. He said he had been a muter in the navy : I hope, for the honour of the service, that this wae not the cue. He had a wife, not altogether deficient in peraonal attractions ; but she had a mouth such a mouth as used to be painted on a sign board, ere John Bull learned French, when the VOL. II.

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'W .lB1'D .lBUWDLL : Bonlogne Month wu represented by a bull, and a human, or rather inhuman, mouth. As this poor oman wu oot deetitute of modesty, she confined herself to her ea.bin, where her situation wu 1DOlt pitiable; the other was the cook's wile, &om the lowest omer of GG&port. The passengers were diided into two eluae1-thoee who were going to South America to enter the navy, and .those who _intended to join the &Tmy. I shall give the naval gentlemen the pre cedence. Firstly, there was Lieutenant Jenkins. Hewu, aa be used to describe himself', all aa one as a piece of the ship." His fatheT was a purser; be had been bom on shipboard, and had pas!ed so much of bis time afloat, that he was ignorant oC the ..,.-eys of the world to an incredible degree. If l'Ver the expnssion of a man's having sailed round the world without going to it, was applicable to any one, it was to Lieutenant Jenkins. I never &Rw a landsman, who had not seen the sea, so completely unacquainted with the names of' dit' ferent parts of the ship, as Jen kins was of tile different parts of a house. Jenkins's pe1'80nal appearance was remark able. He was six feet three inches in height, but his limbs were out of all proportion short; hence, when he sat down, from the e::dnu>t'dinary

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leagth of his body, he looked u tall &11 ordinary men ltaadiug. He had a moet iodeecribably comic vilage : the countenance of Lietou, betide hit, would look awfully tragic. He generally smiled, or, to speak more correctly, grinned; but wheo be tried to look serious, it seemed an effort against nature, for it was evident that his heart ns almost bursting with mirth His laugh was droll; but his attempts at ecrewing up hie features to three sharps, in order to look grave, wu enough to convulse with cachinnatioo a whole Quaken' meeting I have spoken of his ig norance of the way1 of the world : this I will illustrate by an anecdote. Ou.e evening we were talking of the inhabit ant& of London, when, unexpectedly, J enkios edged in his opinion of the people of that eapital. He said that the Londoners were the greatest set of cheats alive Several persons dis puting bis judgment, Jenkins was called on to explain the cause of bis sweeping censure Beeauae," said Jenkins, they took. me How were they cunning enough to do that t" asked several of us. OR which the lieu tenant told his story thus. "You must know, when I was laying at Yaarmouth (he pronounced the last word Q1'e

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16 W ARNBR ARUNDBLL: roturuln ), I heard two or three fellow middie.s eay as how in a tragl.ie they always spoke the best English. Now, you know, I don't speak the best English, because why? I've been all my life at sea : and so, said I, bow can I hear a tra gedie l And ao Jack Phillips, our master's-mate, says, says he, You may hear and see a trogeJiL in Lunnun.' W t>ll, I axed liberty to go up to Lunnun to see a trogedie. I took a quarter deck passage on board a stage-coach. We bowled along, at the rate of eight knots an hour, until we got to a large house in Lunnuo, with a board before the door, that had a picture of a large pig \\' ith a long snout and a fort on its back." The Elephant and Castle," said several voice11. That's the name of the ship-house, I mean. I axed the way to a play-house. They told me to keep before the wind for half a league, and I'd meet with one, beside a stone bridge over the Lunnun river." It was Astley's," said several voices. I dare say it was," replied Jenkins. Well, I got there. They had lights all round the houtie, -bow, midships, and stern ; and I beard the band sawing away at their fiddles inside. I was going in, when a man, in a little box, called to me, Pay here, sir.' How much,' said I, 'do I j

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TBB ADVBNTURES OP A CREOLE. 77 you ax to let me in? Four shillings,' said he. 'Won't you take leas?' said(. 'We never make any 'batement,' eaya be. But I axed him, suppose I paid him four shillings; whether he would shew me a tragedie? The man in the box looked at me, and, with a purser's grin, said, To be 1are, we will shew you a tragedie, or any thing else you like.' Well, I paid him a crown, and would not take the change ; so much did I wish to eee a tragedie. In I went. Now, instead of a tragedie, what do you think they shewed me!,. What 1 asked a doz.en persons. .A pony-race!" said Jenkins, striking the table with his fist, so as to make all the glasses on it rattle. A'nt I right to call the Lunnuners a eet of scoundrels t I paid my money to see a tragedie, and they shewed me a pony-race I He was promoted, at the late peace, from long services as a midshipman, to the rank of lieutenant, and put on half-pay. This was hu manely doue by the Admiralty to many a friendleae midshipman, who otherwise would have been turned loose on the world, without the means of subsistence. The second was Lieutenant Jack -a handsome, dapper little fellow, who would have been an agreeable companion, but for one monomania. He took it into bis head that he could sing with

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78 W ABNER ABUKDBLL : an ear so accurate, that it he heard Tally high 0 the grinder,' played in slow time, he would guess it to be the Dead March in Saul ; and a voice as agreeable, though not so flexible, as that or a turkey-cock. Lieutenant .Jack imagined be could sing. He had an astonishing memory, insomuch that, I believe, he knew eve11 song in the English language, and sung them all to OM tune-if tune it could be called that tune bad none. Not contented with torturing regular songs by his manner ot gabbling them, every fine piece of poetry ti.at struck him in Wolfe (the 'Death of Moore was his favourite), Byron, Moore, Scott, Campbell, and Coleridge, he committed to memory, to be sung by him. He eYeD used to attempt passages out of Milton's 'L' Allegro, aod II Penseroso,' set to his own music ; and, while he had the atrocity to mangle the mOllt beautifal poetry ever composed, he absolutely held our taste in great contempt, because we did not ad mire his singing. The third was a Lieutenant Britton -a large, raw -boned, hard -featured man ; a native of Shields, and what is called in the navy a north country Jock. Seldom have I seen a better sailor, and, at the same time, never one less cal culated to make a good ofB.cer. He was repeatedly turned back, as the term goes, wlten he wished

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TB B ADVBMTl1BE8 OR A CBEOLB. 79 to be pueed u a lieutenant ; and wu at length promoted oo aecouot of many acts qf penol\&l bra'fery in boarding ud cutog out. Like Hamilton, Britton wa. single-speeched:" be aeldom said more than .two or three wordas at a time, unless when any person or thing provoked him. When the fotIPer was the case, he clenched his bony hand. which formed a fiat that might have done honour to Front du &uf, and address the offender thus : Look. you, mate, if you do that again, I wont youno, I'll qnly give you one blow, &hat thall you smell. hell! and it shan't be between the eyeai neither." Britt.on ued to sleep in a hammock., out of choice ; and, if uy oue plyed him the stale tiick. of cutting down his suspended bed w the night, hia roar would awake all of us. He would exc:laim,-" Look you, my hearties, if I lay .my grip on the mackerel-faced son of a marine as cut me down, he bad better have bold of the moon with his fingers greaaed I'll not box him-no, I'll only give him one blow 88 shall make him smell hell l and I'll not bi& him between the eyes, neither." This threat of avenging hillllelf by means of one blow, which was not to be given between the eJea1 was used, with little variation, not only

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80 W AB1'f8R il11MDBLL : when penona annoyed him, but when thiagl displeued him. If we found any pan of the viaiona bad (Do unusul thing) he'd esclaim,-" I wish. I bad the owner of this craft here ; I'd Dot box him-no, I'd give him only one blow," &c. The same threat was issued against the maker or purchaser or every article that di. pleased him; he menaced to make them smell the sulphureous region.t by meana of one blow, which was not to fall between the eyes. All OD board becatoe anxiooe to know where Britton intended to aim thie myeterioas blow; but, he being a powerful man, no one wished to ascertain it from penonal experience : in fact, the mystery of the threat awed all the turbulent spirits OD board the Saucy Jack. I, one day, asked him in what part of the body he intended to strike eome one he was using his old threat againat. Why, doctor," he replied, being. as I believe, the strongest man on board this craft, it would not be fair for me to attack any one; but I'd advise no one to miale1t (molest) me, or, by-, I '11 not box him, becauae he couldn't stand against me-all I'd do would be to gh-e him one blow-no more; he ehould smell hell; but I'd not hit between the eyes, neither."

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TBB .lDVBlfTUBEI OP .l CBBOLB. 81 I need not deecribe Captain Trevallion ; but shall only state, that, when he found out the deception practised on the pueengen in pa911ing off the Saucy Jack as a Baltimore clipper, and beheld the shameful want of accommodation and badness of the provisions, he saw into the ICOGndrelly trick:S of old Mendez, and augured hldly of tbe expedition. Thia preyed on his spirits. Hence, he took to the bottle : after the fint ten days of the voyage he was seldom sober. The rest of the naval paMengera were mid shipmen and masters'-mates, dieebarged at the peace, and young students who were dismissed the nanl college. A wilder set of youths could not be found. Be it recollected they had no one to command them ; every one on board was as good a man as another-if he could box as well. The Saucy Jack was a complete floating republic : the captain bad no authority. Twice or thrice Canter told them to behave better, for rear of the Lord. He was laughed at. Once he attempted to enforce order, by threatening to pat some riotous young men in irons; but he wu frightened from his purpose by being threat ened to be cobbed. Before I speak of the military gentlemen, I u111st state, that we bad a pel'IOn on board, by B2

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82 WA.R!f.BB A.aU!fDBLL: the name of Price, a lieutenant or marines, who said he intended to take se"ice in either the Columbian army 01' navy. In one respeet, Lieu tenant Priee had a &tronger constitution than most men I b&ve met with: he could eat more and sleep longer than any one I ever saw. When not engaged at one or other or these diversions, he used io amuse llimsell by practising, on a single-keyed flute, an air which he intended for. God s&Te the King" -as he kindly informed us. Tbe first in years. and rank or the military gentlemen was Major MDonald Glenlyon. He had seen much semce in various parta or the globe; bot his fortune and prospect. had been ruined by a love of the bottle. His features, and especially his eyes, gave indication of hia unfor tuoate propensity. Yet they bore marks of having been handsome. His fine brow, COYered with curled, but gray locks, and the whole ooatour of his physiognomy, shew.a the yeterao of twenty campaigns, and the toper of six bottles. If the heathen deities existed, Bacchus would have been propitious to the Saucy Jack. -.We had twoGermaa gentlemen on board; sohliers of' tertUne-that '8 to say, soldiers withe>ut fort1me. &th 'had .titles in their own conn-

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TBB A..l>VBJIT178B8 01' .6. 08BOLB. 83 tzy, which they prudently dropped on board the Saucy Jack. When not persecuted by the ruffianly part of the paue11gera, I used to spend my time teaching theta gentlemen Spaaiah, aod taking instructions from them in German. The nut I shall notice waa one who called himself Dr. Beadle; a delicate lad, a11.d a warmhearted timplet.on. He bad been an apothecary's shopman, in Ialington, and solicited and ob\ained the appointment of uaiatant-au.rgeon to the Columbian forces -at leaat, Meiidez toW him 80. I will not weary the reader by describing the rest of our motley collect.ion of pasaengers. Some had been ofticen in volunteer corps ; some went to join the Sooth American army, to avoid going into the Fleet. Several were sent by their &ienda to Columbia, in the hope of their getting settled in that republic; and thua saving their Gunilies the diagrace of bearing that they had died of a sore throat, oceaaioned by their beiug kept in a etate of sU8penae while cooling their heels, b an hour on the stretch, before the debtors' door in Newgate, by the recommewlauon of the Recorder. One bad rwi a111&y from a ecol.ding wife ; and one becauee, accorcliag to Ser,ieant Kite, he bad disobedient parents. Two or three exceptions most be made to the above censures.

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84 Amoogat thCMe wu Mr.-, a pel"IOB attached to the be/la lettru. Such were the mea wllo, early in the straggle between Spain and her colonies, went to take service with the latter. Their beharioar, during the protracted pa.age of the Saucy Jack, made me dilgusted with my species. lo the early part of the voyage, the military part of the p888engers were moetly .....tck. In mere joke, they were treated most inhumanely by ,the naval people. When the se&-llicknesa paseed, the pipeelay aristocracy, u the aoldien were called, prepared to retaliate; and a eeriooa frOfaa was about to take place. This happened near the Bay of Biecay ; when hostilities were suspended by the occurrence of a most tremendous titonn, which blew with awful riolence for four days. At the commencement oC this blow,'' it fortunately happened that Trevallion was sober ; and the eltipper, knowing the sn perior skill of the Coroishmao, gave him tem porary charge of the vessel. The event juatiied the deference paid to Trevallion : we escaped as violent a storm as ever wu remembered, with little or no damage. When the weather moderated, a peace was The Editor oftbe pNleJlt Memoin. I J

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TRB ADVB!n'VKU OP A CRBOLB, 86 efeded between the belligetent paaaengera ; and a set o( rules were d'rawn up tbr the maintenance o( We all signed them; but they were \ro1'.en befure the 1ubecription1 were well dry. I have already stated, the captain bad no command over the ship, and the sailon ref'used to interfere with the gntl.ernm : the whole of the passengers need t.o drop their own disputes to unite against the skipper when he dared t.o interfere : in fact, we were in a complete state or mutiny. Practical jokes, of the roughest and most dangerous kind, were continually being played o6. These brought on 6ghte-not duels, but boxing encounters-which generallyterminated in favour of the naval gentlemen; because the Bailon had their sea legs, and the landsmen were I steady on board or a little vessel like the Saacy Jack, while under weigh. But it was not an uncommon eYent to see a landsman beaten daring rough weather; and, afterwards, the ftllquished would attack the victor in a calm, and beat him in hia turn. I escaped these blackguard encounters until we got beyond the latitt!de of Madeira, when I was one day addreued by a youth of the name or Purcell, a ringleader in most of the horse-play on board. He was a stout-made man, with a

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86 W A.RMBB .tRUDBLL 1 ruddy comple&ioo ; hair the colour or a gravel pit, and extemive whiekers to 111&teb.. He uked me to lend him a nameleas implement out of the mediciae.chest, for the purpose of playiag of eome abominable pradical jokes. fiis I refuaed to do. He ca&d me a loblolly-boy : l took no notice of the insult. My forbearance imboldeued him : he then said I was a coward : this my creole blood could not brook. As they in dinner-speeehee, Uoaoc11
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TBB ADVSTUBllS OP ORBOLB. 87 iamiog whiskeN, stooped my bead, and beat his Yiaage against it by drawing him t.owardt aud pushing him from me alternately, until bis features became undistinguishable, being all mixed up getber and run into each other 1 until hie human face divine .. was, ae the Barbadiau y, maehed op like a eour-eop. I did not let him go until he called for quarter. Pul'C(:U did not recover the beating for three This event gained me some reepect: I had overcome one of the beet boxen on board. As we advanced into warm latitndee, the jokee became more frequent. We had two or three pigs on board ; these the jesters would not allow to be killed, as they aided their beetial frolics. They were continually introduced into the berths of the paaeengers ; and if the party in whose dormitory the quadruped memben of the ewinish multitude were placed complained of the nuisance, a dozen backetB of ealt water were flung into bis berth, over bed and bedding, to cleanae it. No one at night eonld venture on deck with out the certainty of getting a daek for his eupper. The mate and crew used to join in theee larkings." A 10aro10p ia a aolt lclnd ofCrait.

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88 W A.l11'BB A.BUB DBLL: But it was when the naval part of the puaoengen used to remain up at night to take a lunar observation, that there waa, to ue their own expressions, the devil to pay, and no pitch hot." For us to get sleep when a lanar was to be taken, was a lunatic hope. On thote occasions, the mirth and fury grew Wt and furious. Shark-hooks were affixed into the mattrasses of those who attempted to go to sleep, and just as they were dropping into what Jenkim called "the arms of Murphy" (Morpbens), by means of a line and a block or two, the mattrl88 was dragged from under the dozer, who was thrown out of his berth ; and the neat morning a dozen mattrasses were fonod hanging high op the masts or rigging. Little Beadle, who considered me in the light of a brother chip, bad a berth right over mine. We contrived to mak.e our respective mattraues fllst to each other's berths, and so to secure them with small tacks that they could not be euily dragged from under us. The next night a lunar" was to be taken (of the correctness of theee lunar observations, I shall have oecasion to speak anon), but by this time the word lunar had become synonymous with a mad uproar; in somuch that the two Germana, who knew little of

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TRB A.DVBJITUJm& OP A. CllBOLB. 89 believed that the wordt to take a lllD&I'," really meant to get intoxicated for the purpose of committing outragee. On ihia occuion, a shark-hook wu let down into little Beadle's berth; but, in conaeqnnce of our precaution, his mattrae1 could not be dragged on deck. Down went one of the gentlemen huwiaoe; aad, not daring to attack me, he slipped a cord over the heel of poor little Beadle, while we were asleep. At a given eignal he wu inbnmanly dragged out of hie berth, had his held severely cut during the execution of thit shameful plan, and was suspended down the hatchway by the heel, like the infant Achilles being by Thetis into the Styx. I was awoke by the cries of murder. I hastily rose ; and, by the light of the full moon, perceived the poor little apothecary hanging by one leg down the hatchway, his other three limbs and bis body wriggling in all directions to relieve himself from his torturing state of suspense. Blood was dropping from his forehead ; and his shirt, from bia revereed situation, thrown over hie bead. Murder I murder vociferated Beadle ; I am murdered! you'll all be banged if you don't cnt me down I" I got the poor man relieved from his un-

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00 W ARNBR A.B.UllDBLL: pleasant situation, dressed his wounded forehead, and put him to bed. After this I declared aloud, that, wboeYer wat the scoundrel who practised such an atrocious act ag&i.D.&t so delieate a young man, he was un worthy being called a gentleman ; nevertheless, if he po88e88ed the spirit or a man, I hoped he would declare himself, and that I would meet him with pistols as soon as we went ashore. U he did not declare himaeU, in addition to his being cruel he was cowardly ; and if I, at any time, should discover who he was, I would pub licly horsewhip him. This speech produced a buzz of applame from those who were not lunar obseners, and much muroauring from those who were: no one, how ever, seemed inclined to accept my challenge. During the preceding day, the German gentle men and myself had been practising at a mark with duelling pistols, and my proficiency in the use or those arms astonished all on board ; I having hit a penny-piece fourteen times running, at ten yards' distance, although the schooner was in motion at the time I fired, which I did at the word or command. The apothecary aent for me, and said, I *hank you, doct.or : you are a genuine gentleman,

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TBB ADVBKTURBS OP A. CREOLE, 91 without any adulteration or admixture ; but, pleue God, I shall find out who the aeoundrel is, and then bis heart's blood shall pay for this night's frolic.'' I thought this the mere ebullition of im potent, but excusable rage. I ha"te subsequently found that Beadle expressed bis fixed determina tion : he was delicate and nervous, but not a coward. I told him, however, to compose him self, and not to think of revenge. The next morning I found him much better than I expected, although I saw that he would bear to the grave the scar of the wound he had received on his forehead. Several or "the naval passengers declared to me at dinner their determination of taking another lunar obee"ation, as their sextants were adjusted, and the moon was within observing distance. Look you, gentlemen lunar observers," said Major Glenlyon, I give you fair warning that I have arms in my sleeping-place : therefore, if, during your nocturnal rambles, you should pay a visit to my berth, you11 meet your death-and &here's a pun without intending it. But, seriously, twice within this has my mattrasa been dragged tram under me ; and, if this stale trick be again tried to be played o.lf, he who makes the

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92 W .A.Blfll A.RUlfDLL : attempt may expect an ounce ot hot lead, or a Coot of cold steel, in his breast. I'll drill a hole through the body of the first wan who disturbs mJ rest." Several of the lunarians got together alter this, and aaid they were determined to get the major's mattrase on the top-gallant-mast-bead that night. I advised them not to attempt it; I bade them recollect the major was a veteran, and not at all likely to make an idle threat. They laughed at what I told them. The result proved nu laughing matter. Glenlyon prepared to make good his word. Price, the marine officer, was a kind of paraaft.e of the major; they alept in contiguous berth., in a narrow puaage opposite the bread-room. The lieutenant oft'ered that night to keep guard over Glenlyon; the latter took into bis berth a loaded pistol, a skean di,., or Highland dirk, and a bottle of whisky. The flret part of the night he was undisturbed. Finding his arms to be useless, he applied his mouth to sip the mountain dew. In a few minutes after tuting hie darling beverage, the whole of it was transferred to his stomach ; and, shortly after, his note gave intimation to the lunar observers that he slept soundly. On this, Britton descended the companion ladder, and made towards bis bed, with a shark-hook in his hand.

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TBB A 'DVBllTUBBS O A CBBOLB. 93 Who comes there t" called the vigilant marine officer. Britton st.ood aside ; on which, Price roee to seize the man who, with a shark-hook, tried to m11rder sleep. But, like moet persons leaving their beds in the dark, he knew not which way to tnrn; and, groping about, he unfortunately ran the index finger of his left baud into the mouth of the snoring major. This partially awoke the sleeper, who was dreaming of whisky and shark-hooks. Being but half awakened by the finger's entering his month, he was confused: he, however, concluded that it must belong to a band &hat intended to bowse up his mattra11, and his jaw closed on the finger with such force as to bite it off at the second joint. The major then struck out with his dirk : it passed through the muscles of the upper arm of the unlucky marine, and was stopped by one of his ribs, or the thrust would have been mqrtal. This was not all. The blood of the Glenlyons was roused : the half dreaming, but enraged and whisky-inspired veteran fired his pistol in the dark, with a better aim than he used his skean dhu : the ball paased 1Cr088 the breast of Britton, and inflicted an ugly flesh-wound. All this was done between sleeping and waking, drunkenness and sobriety. So much

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94 W'.lRlCBR AB'OlCDBLL: for taking lunar obeervations, and bottles of whisky to bed. A bowl and a deep moan from Price were the first sounds we heard of this ai&t.ir. To theee succeeded a brief flash, and the report of a pistol ; and the next moment, we heard an exclamation in the dark, of "Oh, I am shot, by -1 If I 6nd out the man who fired at me, I'll give him only one blow, that shall make him smell hell ; and I'll not hit him between the eyes, neither." This was enough to tell us that one of the wounded parties was Britton : lights were called for, and brought. Suepecting what had hap pened, I hurried to the narrow passage near the bread-room. The first object which met my eye was poor Priee, seated on ihe companion-ladder. He wati, indeed, an object; his left baad was mi,iru a finger, and the arm fairly pinned to Jait rib by the dirk, which was still in his flesh: I hastily drew it out; he moaned most ludicroualy. Against the bread-room .stood Lieutenant BriUon, with a wound in his breast. The bn11 had pa.seed right across it, curying the whole of the wadding, and a piece of the waistcoat, into the .ftesb, for ht was only three feet from the muzzle of the pistol at the time of its discharge : lUs shirt, when I looked

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TBB ADVBllTO'Rll8 OP A CRBOLB. 95 at him, was still on fuoe; he stood, swearing to finish the man who wounded him, with one blow, which, 88 a matter of coarse, was not to be aimed at between the eyes. I eaosed the lantern to be brought to Glen lyon's berth, whence, I rightly guessed, all the mischief proceeded. ,. What the dml have I in my ?" llid the now fully awake and sober major. I looked, and beheld ft wu the missing finger of the poor marine officer, which the major bit oft" at the commencement of the tragedie, as Jenkins called it. With as much despatch 88 I could I dressed the wounded men. I was obliged to probe the wound of Britton deeply, in order to get out the wadding and piece of cloth carried into it. J, howeTer, got them to bed; and, just as I was putting up my instruments, a deputation, consisting of Lieutenaw Jenkins and Jack, and about ten other naval passengers, came to me to ask my opinion of the state of the wounded men. I told them I saw no immediate danger from the ounde; but unpleasant consequences tnight re1ttlt from locked -jaw : fever might al&0 be occasioned, by thfl circumstance of the men being wounded during a transition from

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96 YARlfll ilU1'D:RLL: a cold t.o a warm climate. Thia indirect danger might, in some meuore, be obviated by their being kept quiet, as any disturbance in the veeeel might bring on fatal consequences. This I said in order t.o get a little peace on board the Saucy Jack. I might aa well hal"e preached peace t.o a hurricane. Lieutenant Jack aid, that they wished to know if the parties wounded were likely t.o do well ; in which case they would not 'peach the major, bot they intended to cob him. I protested against such an indignity being put on a veteran who had served his country honourably for twenty-five years. They said they would cob him, despite of me. "We will see that," said I, taking ont a pair of loaded pistols. The Germans, who only par tially understood what was going on, asked me about the matter : I briefly explained it to them. In an instant they drew their sabres, and !'wore to stand by me in protecting Glenlyon. Poor little Beadle, wounded as he was, left his bed, took a blunderbuss withont a lock, and swore t.o stand by me, whether I was right or wrong The apo thecary did not know the occasion of the quarrel. Others of the military passengers appeared armed: the lunar observers also armed themselves. The captain's wife shrieked in her cabin ; and the

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THB ADVB1'TURB8 OP A CBBOLB. 97 Hipper told us to keep the peace in the name of the Lord. All was instantly and uproar below the deck of the Saucy Jack. At this juncture the major left his bed, with a pistol in his band, and called out for a parley in a clear voice, which was heard above the loud affray. There was something so marked and im pueioned in his manner, that he instantly commanded attention. He spoke thus : Gentlemen, however I lament the acci .. dents of this night, I blame not myself. I wamed you against disturbing my rest ; you disregarded my caution, and must take the coneeqnence. I deeply regret having, unintention ally, wounded Lieutenant Price, and am ready to make him every reparation in my power, and to o8'er him every apology an officer should de mand or a man of honour give. As for Lieu tenant Britton, I am not sorry for wounding him ; my only regret is, that when I fired my pistol in the dark, he did not receive the ball in 6-ont, instead of in an oblique direction. If he feel himself aggrieYed, I will give him satis faction; but my weapons are those of a soldier and a gentleman. I fight not like a co11ter monger or a coal -porter : I am too old to receive a box, even it it be not aimed between VOL. JI, p

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W ABlfBll .&lllJBDBLL : the eyes.' I will not 1abmit to what you term apl;bed. Looi lt6e said he, throwing beck his shirt, and exhibiting his almost naked hme. Old 88 be wu, it was erident that nature bad modelled him in perfect manly symmetry. Bit skin was 88 white as ala.bester ; bot it bore many a deep ICaJ'. He pointed to those marb, and said,-" Look here Thia wound I got at Alexandria, in the fortysecond, when that regiment annihilated the invincibles ; this was given with a French musket-ball at )laida ; these two in Spain; and this sabre-cot ia France. Think you, gentlemen, with the&e vouchers for having done my duty, I will tamely suffer insult and degradation? No; rather tbaa that shall take place, I'll send this schooner to the devil! I am not in jest. Just below me art eighteen barrels of powder, consigned by the owners of this vessel to the patriots : on the fint usault on my person, I'll fire amongst the am monition, and up we'll all go together ; thus finishing the voyage lritb klat, by paying a flying visit to the upper regiona." He cocked his pistol and depreseed its mmle, ready to make good bis awful threat that instant .If there was any doubt of bis resol11tion, his appearance set this doubt at rest. His body Wll

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TBB ADVJllfTUBBB A caBOLE. 99 projected forward, eo as to rest priacipally on the right root, while his left toe toucbed tbe floor ; his right finger was on the trigger, jtllt touching it, without the slightest tremor ; the pietol wu pointed downwards towards the magazine ; his lefl band clenched ; his nostrils distended ; hil look directed, like the pistol, downward; and the 1pirit or the great deru gleaming in his eye. I Dffer saw eo complete a picture of calm desperation. Major! for God's salr.e, major, 'twas a joke ahouted a dor:en voices. Be it considered a said he, letting down the pistol to half-cock ; but do not carry the jest too far, iC you do not wish to visit the upper regions." Give up the pietol said eeveral naval puaengers, advancing on him. Instantly he recocked the pistol, held out bis left hand, and said, Stand oft'!" with a voice of thunder. Again his looks became u stern as those of Satan, and the lunar observers stood back over awed. I now interposed. I hope, Major Glenlyon, you do not suppose that these German gentlemen and myself would pot an indignity on you, or voluntarily suft'er othen to do it ?

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100 1'AllXBB .&.BUXDBLL: No, Dr. Arondell," said he; yoo, and those German gentlemen, are men of honour." Then why play Guy Fawkes, and send us up into the air t We, perhaps, have no wish to go to the next world with the present respect&ble company. I am sure you must be aware that we have journeyed sufficiently long together on this globe. Come, come, uncock that pistol, and retire to your bed ; we will pledge our honoun to protect you. Again be oncocked his pistol, took it in his left band, placed his right in mine, and said," Doctor, you are a gentleman: nothing bet ter can be said of the Prince Regent ; nothing worse shall ever be said in my he,aring of W amer Arundell, while M'Donald Glenlyon can bold a sword, or draw a trigger. Good night. I'll carry this with me to bed, but will only flee it defensively Saying this, the major went to his berth, and the rest of the pasllengers moved oft', either to rest or to talk over the events of the night. As Jenkins went to his dormitory, he said, "This looked more like a tragedie than a pony race." I have related at length the above events, because they were the most serious in their con sequences of any of the practical jokes played of

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TBB .ADVBJfTUBB8 OP A. CBBOLB. JOI on board the Saucy Jack; bot, unless during a storm, not a day, and seldom an hour, passed without the occurrence of similar pieces of buffoonery.

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102 'W'A.BlfBB A.BU1'DBLL: CHAPTER V. And then we cotched the trad&-winda, and OYer the line we ruu; When Neptune cammed oa boll'CI, to aban hia youger Soi,.,.. s..,. Fu6 por lUDa 1 YolYio tnaqailado." Cuuwn1. AT length "'e approached the tropic of Cancer. It has been the custom for centuries to shave, as it is termed, those who cr088 for the flnt time the tropic, unless the vessel is to pass the equator, in which case the shaving is deferred until the equator be traversed. This absurd custom originated with the bueanien. These men pretended that, when they passed the tropics, they were no longer subjects of any European power. Hence their proverb, No peace beyond the line." Bot the free. booten called themselves the children of Nep tune : they had a ceremony, over Yhich they supposed that deity presided. One of the he-

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TBB 4DVKKTUUS A. C8BOLB. 1()3 booten came on board, dreued ludicrously u Neptune, and baptised his children. I have eeen llllDWICJ'ipt, written in 1609, in po118e88ion or the deecendant of one or the bueanien, whieh deeeribes this ridicaloos and somewhat impiou1 ceremony in such a way u to leave no doubt that the modem nautical saturnalia were derived from the old bucaoiers. The oath administered by the freebooter, Neptune, not to eat bieeuit while the party swearing could get wheaten bread, anle&I be preferred the biscuit ; of never k.iSliog the se"ant, when he could kiae the mistreee, unleaa he liked the se"ant better, &c. &c., were, according to this maull8Cript, just the same as the oath admiuietered by the representen of Neptune of the present day. During the last tnry, the aailors have kept up this mummery; Becaue," say those exceJlent geographers, while the ship is croaeing the line the captain bu no command, it being in neither latitude nor longitude." Thia idea reminds me of the prayer ohbe Irish emigrant in Canada :" I..ord have aen, on me, a miserable sinner l three thousand ilea Crom my own country, and seventy-five nWee from any where else I"' On the occasion or the Saucy J aek ero88ing the tropic. much preparation was made ; but the.e aatumalia were to differ from all others of the

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104 W A.RNBR A.RUN DBLL: sort ; insomuch that, u it is usual for the parts of Neptune, Amphitrite (or, as the old sailors call her, Mrs. Neptune), the Tritons, or Neptune's barber and barber's clerk, and other drtnJUJIU of this salt-water mummery, to be played by the foremast men on this occasion,-it was agreed that the r6les should be filled by such of the naval passengers as had cl"088ed the line, and that none who bad not passed the tropic should be allowed to escape shaving by paying a fine. This displeased the common seamen, as it pre vented their getting 110me little perquisites from the sons of Neptune. The night before we expected to CJ'08S the tropic, Beadle had stowed himself away in a boat amidships, to avoid being pelted with potatoes, which happened to be the gentle diversion of that evening. Under that boat the principal actors of the forthcoming drama consulted ho to perform their parts. They agreed that, in ad dition to the usual rough frolics practised on these occasions, the most revolting additiom should be made; and that the major, the two Germans, and myself, were to be singled out to be shaved with great severity. Beadle communi 'Cated this to n1e, and I immediately set on foot a counter-plot. The major and Germana I could depend on to back me ; the rest of the military,

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TBB ADVBMTURBI O A. CBBOLB. )()5 and such of the naval puaeogen as had not e1088ed the tropic, promised to aid me. Treval Jioo, who in moat disputes stood neutral, now took my side, eo that I waa well 1upported ; wlaile Neptune's party could muater but eleven hand&, including Britton, who wu too recently woonded to be of any assiat&Dce to them. By my advice, we all secretly sent trifling preaents that night to the seamen and stewarde, telling them that certain pueengen had taken tJae shaving into their own hands, but that we did not wish to deprive them of their accustomed perquisites. The men were thankful ; and I, by this manreuvre, succeeded in gaining their neutrality, if not their friendship. The next morning, at breakfast, I called the atteotion of the whole of the pauengers; and said, u it was customary that paesengen should be abaved when they first croeeed the line, or pay a forfeit, we preferred the latter. I said, for DlY own part, I was born aouthward ofthe tropic comequently, must have pused it; nevertheless, I was willing to pay the forfeit. "No forfeits shall be accepted," said Purcell; 700 eball all be shaved, by G-d I" We shall see that," said I. He who lays hands on me may meet with Aeener usage than .he upecta. Once more I caution you against P2

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f06 1'.A81'R .AllUlfDLL: molesting us, or p'll get lathered and .UTed younelves." My caution wu laaghed at; and the captain advised me to eubmit, for the sake of the Lord. Captain Canter," said Major Glenlyon, "let me adrite you, in the f'ortbeommg aJfray, to stand neutral, anleee you wish to be aide accountable for the aeta of theae men. If you interfere in the slightest degree, the moment I get ashore, you moat meet me u a man of honour." And me, alao," added I, "should .the fall." This threat had the eft'ect of aecuring the neutrality of Captain Canter. Noon arrived; uid several of Neptune' party atuek a hair acl"088 their spy-glaaes, in order to make the lubbers who looked through tliem believe that the line was Yiaible on the horUon. We were ordered below. This order it wu DO& our design to oppose. Down we went ; and &he farce commenced. Schooner, ahoy I said a voiee in the tmia chains. Ay, ay !" replied the skipper. "What are you t whence come you? and whither bound l" The Saucy Jack, from Portsmouth, booad

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TBB .ADV:mnt1BB8 OJP A CJrBOLB. 107 to South America, with pusengen to liberate Colombia." "I took you,'' said Neptune, "for a trans port, going to Botany Bay with a cargo of conYiets." Thie sally of Neptune muted a laugh. It wu, however, a calumny on thoee "Who let\ their country, for their country's good." "Rule Britannia" was now struck up by two flutes; and his godship appeared on deck. The flutes then played one of Dibdin'il eonge, commencing Daddy Neptune one day;'' and I recognised Lieutenant Jack's turkey-cock gab ble, trying to sing The tight little island.'' N ep tune was riggtd out with three sheep-skins, had a swab over his bead, by way of a wig, and looked sublimely ridiculous. This part was played by that most ludicrous-looking man, Jenkins. The Tritona were dressed with equal elegance. "Can you _give me something to drink?" aid his godahip. Canter gave him a aquare case bottle, which held three pints of rum. Neptune held it to his lips, and emptied a third of it at the first pull. He drew a long breath, and then renewed his draught. The Tritona now interfered, in order

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)08 WA.R1'BR A.RUMDBLL: to get their share. Neptune resisted their claim: in about two minutes be drank the whole. The eft'eeta of this were instantly visible : he squinted awfully; looked, as we say, nine ways for Sunday ; talked thick, and hiccupped every third word. This act of ioebriety aftlicted him for five days with delirium trntol8. Have you (hiccup) any of my children on board?" said the staggering Neptune, in a &I setto voice. Here is a list of them," said the captain, handing him a paper. Let's have a squint at your list," said Nep tune. In truth, be did squint at it. After a hiccup or two, be said, in two voices-one bass, tbe other high falsetto I Ree you have plenty ol (hiccup) cockneys on board. I don't like them (hiccup), because they took me in. They made me pay (hiccup) four shillings to see a (hiccup) tragedie, and shewed me a pony-race. And who have we here t one Dr. Arundell (hiccup). Why, he's a creole: one of those (hiccup) who live by eating (hiccup) crabs; and when they die, the (hiccup) crabll eat them. Bring up the (hic doctor, to begin with." Down came three of the TritonaPurcell was one-and seized me.

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TBB ADVBHtJB.88 OP A CBBOLB. )09 Hands off, gentlemen, n said I, or yon '11 repent it." They were hurrying me towards the companion ladder, when, at a signal agreed on, my party rushed on them, overpowered them ioBtantly, forced them into three chail'I, gagged, ud well bound them. Immediately their hair was cut close, and their heads lathered. We now cautioned the Tritons not to stir, or the razors would cot them. In the course of a few minutes tlaeir heads were shaved 10 clean, that they looked like gigantic billiard-balls. All this time the hatchway was closed by our own party, to prevent succour being afforded to the barber's clerks. At a given aignal, four buckets of water; provided for the occaeion, were emptied on the Tritons; and they were sent up with our com pliments to Neptune and his party, and a mesBlge to the effect, that we had set up a new shaving establishment, on our own account, below; and if any one wished to descend, we wonld give them a shave "free, gratis, and. for nothing." Your amateurs of horseplay like to have their jokes turned on themselves. Purcell and his companions, according to Sancho, went abroad for wool, and returned shorn. I never men so crest-fallen as they looked.

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HO W.ABlfD ilODm.L: As soon u the hatchway was opened. Nepa tune himself staggered down, and endwared to seize the major. To overpower Jenkins wu ao dilticult matter, far gone as he wu in liquor. We forced him into a chair, but hia head Wll wen then too elevated to be open.led on, by 19810D of his unnatural length of body : he Wll laid on the ftoor, his body supported, and we clipped his locks, not liking to shave him for fear of accidents, he being too drunk to keep his head 1teady. He straggled hard, and, at length, lay exhausted on the ftoor, and I ordered his cram to be looeened. He was completely helple.. Those on deck called on the crew of the veesel to auist them ; but the latter refued, finding that we were too numerous for them, and not wishing to get their beads shorn. The rest of Neptune's party desi1ted from their aborti11e attempt ; and thus ended the 1baving on boud the Saucy Jack. I took advantage of this event, and organiled a society for the auppftll8ion of practical jok, called, Tar and Featlwr." We kept a back of tar ready in ten"orna, telling the admirers of sky-larking that the firat pel'IOD who 1hoald practise any improper jest should be tarred and feathered. This kept them in awe three days ; the fourth, 'Purcell etole some cowhage

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TBB ADTDTU:aa OP .&. CRBOLB. ) J) oat of the medicine-chest, and attempied to place it in the berth of one of the Germans, wbieh woald h...e tonared the foreigner at night. He wu caught in the fact, and told he would be tarred and feathered. To avoid this, he carried a loaded pistol about him. In the evening, u he was descending the companion-ladder, three backeta of water were thrown on him. He drew his pistol ; bot, being wet, it would not go off. We now overcame him, stripped him naked, painted his body with tar, and emptied a whole pillo or feathers on him ; at the same time informing the rest of the naval paeseugen, that we would eene all in. the same way who should attempt any improper joke. Thia act had the desired effect: it pot a com plete stop to taking lunars." A culinary proverb says, Too many cooks spoil the broth : in our case, too many sailors spoiled the voyage. At the beginning of the pa.age, the naval gentlemen formed themselves into ntches, to 888ist in navigating the schooner ; hence the crew bad little to do -that little they neglected. The mate was as careless a young -.a u ever skulked from hie duty ; the captain "" generally locked up in his state-room with his wife: hence, the ecbooner was managed, or mismanaged, by the passengers. How we arrived llfely is wonderful, considering the way the Saucy

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) ) 2 W AB1'B ABUBDBLL ; Jack was navigated. Often, in the Western Ocean, have I gone on deck. in the night when not a sailor was to be seen,-the gnatlenwa kept watch by caulking the deck. (sleeping on the deck),save the steersman, who, being drunk, was keep ing the schooner's head due north, at the time when our course lay south-west; in other worcb, going to North America, when we wished to go to the West Indies. The mate came to me one morning, and asked if I had been on deck in the night? I said I had. At what rate," inquired he, "was the schooner goiug?" I replied, I had no opportunity of knowing, having had a bucket of water thrown on me, which immediately obliged me to go below to change my dress. He asked another, who said, when he was on deck, he thought she was geing at the rate of six knots. I'll give her six all night," eaid the careful mate. The fact was, he had slept during bis watch, and, of course, never hove the log. To those who live at home at ease, it may be well that I inform them that the log is a email piece of wood, by means of which, a knotted line, and a minute or half-minute glass, the rate of a ship's sailing is ascertained. At the begin ning of the voyage, the mate reported the schooner

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TBB ADVB1'Tl."RBS OP A. CRBOLB. j 13 to be going eight knots, or miles, an boor. Tre-nllion looked at the aea with an experienced eye, and declared his doubts of the vessel's going fast. He hove the log himself, and found eight knots run out. Notwithstanding this, he pe,... sisted that she was not going so fast, but said the line must be too short, or the glass too long, or both. He waa right in the last surmise-both the line and the glass were defective. A vessel navigated with such shameful negli geoce as was the Saucy Jack could not be where the dead reckoning made her. unless by wonderfnl chance. Her latitude was easily to be found, by means of a solar observation with the quad rant; bot, as we were without a chronometer, her longitude was attempted to be taken by lunar observations. Now, whether those who took the lnnars really understood observing the angular distance between the moon and a fixed atar, or not-for it is a nice operation; or, whether they did not make the voluminous calculations necesllry, I cannot aay. Perhaps they possessed the requisite skill, but thought more of skylarking than observing the planets, and of rom-drinking than of consulting the Nautical Almanack. Cer tain I am, that their lunar observations gave the me longitude to the vessel as the captain's deadreek.oning. He praised their skill, becaoae it

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114 WAR1'BB ARUKDBLJ.: coincided with his ealculations ; they compli mented his accuracy, became he agreed with their lunar obeenations; and all parties were two hundred and eighty-seven leagues &om the mark, owing to bad steering, short Jog-linea, and loag minute-glasses. Were these memoirs to be read by nautical -en as mere 6ction, the above statements would be pronounced too improbable for rom&Dce. All I need say on the subject is, that there are alive, at present, three persons in Trinidad who eaa "Touch for the accuracy of my statement. I should have paused before I related these facts; bat, lately, I was told that a veeael croaed the Atlantic, with the intention of going to the West Indies. She ran, pa.seed the whole of the Wanda, and never stopped until she crossed the Gulf of Mexico, and went to Louisiana ; but I suppoee she bad not any of the Saucy Jack's lunar obaeners on board. On the seventy"'8eventh day of our voyage, the dead-reckoning was up, and our longitude was run down, .according to the naval pueeDgers; but-alas for the credit of their skill !-DO land appeared. We had certainly run more than the distance between England and the Wee& Indiea; but we had not run the right way. All day we aailed on, and in the e-Yening laD.d Wll

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TBB ADTDTURES OJ' A CRBOLB. ) 15 IDODnced a-head. Trevallion, who happened to be only halt-tipsy, said, That is auch land as you may ehove your thumb through. lt'e Cape Fly-away.'" The others remarked, that it must be land, beeaaee it agreed with the dead-reckoning and lunar obeenations. Night set in, and the eaatioos captain hove the vessel to for fear of raJining put the island in the night; hence, we lay to 800 miles to the eastward of land. Morning eame, and the land of the preceding night melted into thin air. The IChooner wu again sped on her way. We ra all day, and at night another cloud acted the part or Cape Fly-away: Again we lay to i>r land, which TBDished u morning dawned. A third time wu thie most ridiculous f&rce repeated. In the morning the land wu not to be seen. The luar observers, and the skipper, looked crestlallen; and the military pauengere uked them if t.he moon was within observing distance. In the evening, that marine Will-o'the-wiep, 'Cape Fly-away,' played his pranks again: a cloud was declared "land a-head." We did not heaYe to, because there was not a breath of air ltirring,-" A sure eign," said the skipper, "that we were cloee to one of the islands, beeause it was the land-calm." I said I never heard of tbe Jandooealm before. The 1kipper employed

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116 WAB1'B& ARUNDBLL: thorough English logic to convince me be wu right-he offered to lay a wager. So confident were the naval passengers that they were but a few miles Crom land, that they let down a boat. Eight of them got in, taking a compUB and, of course, a quantity of grog ; but when they bad pulled about eight miles from the vessel, what Captain Canter called the land-calm ceased, aod a violent succeasion of squalls blew. They were glad to hurry on board the schooner, where they arrived at midnight, worn out with fatigue. The next day, we wished to speak9 seYeral ve88els we saw ; but, conceiving, I suppose, the Saucy Jack was a suspicious-looking craft, they ran from us, and our schooner was too doll a sailor to come up with them. The following day, however, we spoke an American brig, who gave us the right longitude ; although, I dare swear, the ignorant Yankees had not one oil board capable of taking a lunar like the pas sengers of the Saucy Jack. Finally, on the eighty-fourth day of our eventful voyage, we passed the Angeda passage. That night, with the Virgin Islands full in view, the candidates for commissions in the Co lombian navy took several most beautiful lunar observations ; and fairly demonstrated that the rock of Sombrero was precisely in the same Ion-

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TBB ADVBKTUBBS 01' A CBBOLB ) 17 gitade that it was at the time every chart on boud was engraved. At the end of our voyage to St. Thomaa'e, the captain measured the Jogline, and, as Trevallion surmised, found it too abort. He compared the minute-glasses with hie watch, and found a great deal too little sand in them. This precaution of measuring the line and ascertaining the inaccuracy of the glatseB, after we were in sight of land, will be applauded by nautical men. The next day we entered the port of St. Thomas; where old Mendez told ufl we ehould meet with a Columbian agent.

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118 WA.RN BR A.RUlrDBLL : CHAPTER VI. Rei>f'lled from port to port, tbe.r ne in nin, And track, with elow uuteed.r ii, the main." UYDD 8cA.RCBLY lad we entered the harbour or SL Thomas's before the harbour -master came on board. He was a Dane; but, like most well. educated men of his nation, spoke English. He informed us that the Columbian agent had left the island, and that the cause of the Republicam was desperate ; insomuch that it would be mad ness for us to join them. This was heavy news for us : most on board were destitute or the means of returning to England. The harbour-master, however, told us that there was a resident of the island, although at that moment absent, who was a Jew merchaut: he had lent considerable sums to the Colombians; he was momentarily expected to return ; aud, doubtless, would assist us, and give us counsel how to proceed.

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TBB A.DVBKTURBS OP A CRBOLB. JJ9 The Dane further informed us, that a brig, with volunteers for South America, had arrived a few weeks before us ; and the pusengen, having landed, behaved so badly,boxing, duelling, rioting, drinking, and getting in debt,-that the governor would not allow us to land. In vain we pleaded that St. Thomas's was a free port, and that the Saucy Jack. was under British eoloars, from a British port, with British papen : the harbour master said, such were the imperative orden of the governor. He further told the captain to anchor between Blackbeard's Fort and a large Danish frigate, the _Minerva. He told us our motions would be watched by the frigate, and cautioned us against going ashore, unless we wished to be fired at by the man-of-war. The captain said that: in consequence of the length of the voyage, we were short of water. The harbour-master wrote a note, and sent it by his own boat on board the Minerva. In half an-hour, two boats, rowed by a set of stout, red haired Danes, came alongside, with six pun cheons of good water, which the captain caused to be pumped into our own casks. The captain of the frigate came on board, and we, in vain, remonstrated with him about the injustice of not allowing us to land. Our skipper

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120 WARRBR ARUMDBLL: eaid we were all well.behaved gentlemen, and would act dift'erentlyfrom ourpredeceuon-(God forgive him for the assertion!) Canter's anxiety to land us proceeded from a desire to get rid of us, in order that he might carry the schooner away and sell her, before she had performed her engagement of landing 011 in Sooth America. This I afterwards learned. Bat his lie wa11 thrown away-the Danes would not allow us to go ashore. The fact was, the authorities at St. Tbomas'e, finding the cause of the Republicans desperate, wished to propitiate the Royalists, by whom they were, not without reason, suspected of favouring the opposite party. The harbour master, having heard several persona give me the title of doctor, inquired of me if I was in the medical profession 1 I an swered in the affirmative. He told me that the yellow fever was raging ashore, and amongst the neighbouring islands ; therefore, if I applied to land, my application would be granted, as the want of sufficient medical men was sorely fell ashore, and that I should meet with great en couragement in St. Thomas'&. AU I bad to do, was to submit to a few que11tions from the medical society ; and, if my amwen were approved, they 1t'ould grant me a license to practi8e.

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TBB ADVBBT11RB8 OP A. CBBOLB. )21 I desired a few moments to think about hi1 proposition, and walked aside. Purcell now stepped up to me, and said, Yoocannot go uhore, doctor." What is to hinder me 1 Honour, sir ; that is, if you have any. You have beaten me-you have caused my head to be shaved-you got me tarred and feathered. Go ashore on this island ; you know I cannot follow you : go, and thus skulk from giving me the eatisfaction my injuries demand." Enough, sir," said I; I will continue with the schooner until the end of the voyage, although she should sail to the regions of the damned." I immediately went to the harbourmaater, and told him I declined leaving the Teteel. Many will blame me for my conduct ; I now blame myself. I owed Purcell no satisfaction ; be bad behaved like a blackguard, and I merely treated him as he deserved : but, to be accused of skulking from a duel through fear, was not to be home by a man of my age, spirit, and education. From my infancy I bad been taught to belien that none but poltroons feared duelling, and that cowardice was more disgraceful even than murder. The inculcation of such maxima on my young mind wae not to be wondered at ; VOL. JI. G

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l?& .: W'.l.la1a1hla111l'UJrL& 4 -. ler, 11aoooiding' to 1a.-tradition preseJ"l'ed Ua' our '6Mlily; -an .. WU thefint who IJllOllgbt intn ftuhion : d'Mlling rw1th piltOls. The tl'lllirito dlqd"c:io:raR"cbm. &rriy -in the eevtnteeeth cientoty, de ROue;, a .P,noh bf d...-lna cwrage, Eoglieb ,_.en, fbr porpoee of.plundering thei,. mutual eue ttie Spaniardt; bqt be: eeldCJfD .Hedlolig in companywith any Cfl tbeht vesaele before be te quaTr'el with, and kiH, .aeme CJfMs "li&l!Oc!ia!elf;' HiA praetice was-. to the rp&'f'ties'to meet him at the finit plaee ofl*8Cliog, leaving of.-artns to tile ehallenged; 'but, Mieh wu bis de:itetity in -us& of' all of steel weapons employed by the buianien, Mi 'die. king ooardiog .. ptte, tbthe short. poniard; lfttoUl tile rapierl to the common matched; &om the Prenoh tothe Spaaieb eepadron,trhat, chOO&e what arms hie epponent1 would; De always killed them. He elew, in tingle m(jre than .. thirty mien. My : anee1tor, .{Jhristoph'er' Arumt.11, bavingincurrtd the &llgfr of Andre, the latter challenged him to oo re at Tonnga, auddecide tbe;r diffetenee by !fnottal' oom llat,' leaviag the ahoice ohreapon 10 the-EngUshmRn. aruadeU weot Oll"lbore, .... nd bl'bn'tht> pal'I' of pistflls, 11etbe UIBiritb"Wbitb

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he dwse .t.M D01Dbat .. tbe:Ji'NOChoaan :duned; at this innovaoo :f the-rdinary nn. of.tlaelliag I for, up to dlM period, fire .. arrne hai never been oiled on such occaaiaaa. Cltristbpber De Roeeer pal tee gtieateet indipity ovhilD if.be. 'ftlilled t0:fightwhh pistole. FiJl&lly, pitteh w::e emplo}'E!d. At. the fint. .diacha11e1 AruqtieU, Jhot 'be the .liitart h.nae;; in -mQtt eom kts Mnoogat .ahe pilftob .tlut annJ -&"'J'rds M ..btiq J#Sfl .. .. uy e>ther ft!&p!PI .... a.Wail'& !!f Wa& in ,iqos civiliud and J; 11PtPti9n f;ilie ..... t.,_.. ;wo .... ;.. my.. det41.anipalioo of llMlittiag P:111'odl. : : : TJae, lea: qJ,. A. ev.Uag eet HJ. awJ,1hed>bet pla,dd.)ight on prod t4>.'f!n, .aQd &iefile bil, teeoery, ,4o bl'Oitd. and ,fa.ce. ;f iwhic1-l,bad :viawed.for lhe 1-.t.. dwee : 11mjo,e4 ,iJie ch-.. I walked tJu, ... .. I ,)l;"et11MP-Ml11-; 1A1 ... In .. *'-' morning h)l! guh, : "fed ffOIP., the Dallih fliptQu.

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I bawd the eeeka csowing on shore. I reeolleeted-wlaere I was,.asni '81t the bad tidinp of the pnNiou d&y more deeply tlaua before: this eensation I have of'aen experienced. When calamity first comes on m, it stuns like heavy blow;. it is after a night's .Jeep that we feel the eft'eete of evil news. Early in the morning a boat left the shore, and made iowards oar vessel ; ebe was intereepaed hy ene &om the Danih frigat.e, and orden.t alongside, BO narrowly were w. Wlltcbed. Afttr being cieiained by the Miae"8, the beet apptoached ue. A paseenger waa seen in .heJ", wlio ,,,. rightly eenjeetared to be the ilew menb8Dt gpoken of by the harbour-muter. H.u...-spy.gluse11 were levelled at him to eaaola .... they called the cot of bis jib. He was promuIJNd a handsome, little m&o. M ea.me within pistol...bot of the eahooner, J thought I kMw tbe person. I was right: he wae my old fellow-pM&enger, Moses Fe.....tes. Oar aetoaiahment and joy at this meeting were mutual. Fernandez gave us iorormation that old,J>on Mends was not the reoogniaed agent of ae Columbians, but, as 1 be ( Femumdea) 8Upec&ed, a mere advenwrer, leagued with the owners ol the Saucy Jack aufl other BIR, he

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TBB .ADVBll'l'1JB.m O .A O&BOLB. 125 ..ideli., .iwe went to the Main, our .-vicee woald M aceeptahle to tlle i.pohlioana; md, although Mendes Hd no right to grant commiMiom, yet, U. of our shewing a williagnen to terre them, the insurgent chieii would, doobde, pe the appointments whicJI Mendes had promiaed. Fernandez eeemed to think the came of South America by no meana so bad as tile harboorllll&er deecribed. The domination of Spain over w eoloniea might linger on for a few mon.th'9 perhaps for a )'eal' or two; but the great South Ame1 iCllll continent mD8' and woold be free. At the same time he candidly Mmitted, that hope -.ight IO!Dewbat inftaence his opinion, as be had emliarked his fortune in the cause. He coun1elled. ll8r beating np to Triaidad, and obtaining the llest adTiee and uaistance we eoold from an agent of tile Colombians we 1boold meet with. there; and w.bence we might eaily get up the Ohnoeo, the Garapichie, or down to the illand al Margarita., which were pointu d'appai of the imurgenu. After having given thill i1&formation to the JIUMDgen in gen.en.I, he took me aside and llke.l me iD what oapaeity I came. When I liold him, be seemed quite pleued ; becauae :he aaMl die' South Amerieana were more in want ol

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)26 W.&R'NBll Alt111f'Dln.t: than military a.6venta"'91 whb out tC) avoid & pmon.' He tiahhlds in a"ldw fOT 'he eeetned $amebow elraractere Re gaft\me, in detail, mucli ilatne acoouot of"tlle of-:tbe re'Voltttion which he bad given to tile mt. lie added,-' !, ,, I reel that the Lord of H.,. \Iii ordained' that 'the eon Of Ametica Shall the blood-red .. siar of perseceting 8f*ia is setting. Yea, the ptoud Castilia'il't, jg Laughty that they wwld suffer none bot selves io theM seas, will, 1n ea few' rjean, lie here destitute of a : harbour to-thelter lhelr "teesels from a storm. Brion, whO, likeme; It' .lew o1 hu alteady dri.,en oui of the Caribbean Ste. Spain, f say, 1'ill smk: the curse oftbe Twt!lte 'PriibeS"ndgtll'W aown'. ARndeil tald die l;n ......... pa88ioned tone, i beara'.Spanish'.nMDe,ftdi.-y nch a.ad bread 1-.1n whic'h bore the ble!.i.,ge! ef the wme, and i'ft&tigated priests, those preachers of-llumiUty;iy .. ,......., or pride; tf1bae. of 'hlood0 -by tti ..... lOll' 1andl and''dHJ\'e1nt1y

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TBB ADVJU'WJlBS 01 4 CUOLB. hepetl What, though .\n' .-ll her : id'.4oM kmples a. list: martyred J.ewa il.e&bibitie41 INn.in _the day .when. the At(I da,F.-like the of hell, r.. travel the nenhem ,aPd in eNe;ry.towJ>,, .Yl1; univenity, and even monastery, could: her wiah his bret)ue.n, :who held feat in the faith which aia .for fo11r )4llU'9' liv..d .and S.p.W. endr : of Abraham., base, J11CQb, and f:he l11>J the ehild.feu .C .iiau be the M..ah into tJ>e ,lao.d EL>,him theiJ Bina, ud,will ,give: agam to tbeJU!i lh.ll W,Oftfpip iD. tb;q third .te&npW., dear .. pf .aa.riw11 t)la.t .. qf}he, firs,, ll$bo-.h .wi,Jdow of &ime.w_he..-the irpip ,the WSv aa4 ia of Md., wolf!eS. .. jo. the.. ruins, Blaaria\ rr8pUM' abaU l'Jr.e ... glor1.frpJJ1 .aepn61 l'Qi-, Pd .ie.,...ved froip .,'-.;:", .. : .. i; :0 "M1Y.eet ..

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m 'W.Alla .AROlfDBLL: far had his feelings abstraeted bis rea8oR -'' yes," eontineed he, thanks to the Lord of jUBtice, Spana i1 falling I Already she is like a seeming goodly tree, whose heart is rotten. She penecoted the children of the covenant; ahe drove the leuned Moors from her &Oil; ehe exterminated a whole :race f)f God's creatures in this western world. But she prospered not. She brought gold into Europe, like ae an 888 carries preciou metal : the richer were her galleons, the poorer becatoe her children. She depopu lated her mountains and valleys, to aeud her offspring to the New World; and she imported dDeaie in retilrn : and now her colonie8 tum against her, like as the children of' the wicked rise against their parents; while a bigot-an em broiderer of pettic.."08ts-1its on her throne, to misdirect her energiett during hi life, and be queath to her the corse of cml war at his death." After saying this, Fernandez walked the deck hastily for some minutes, ere hie emotion BUb sided. At length, he aaid,-" Pardon me this abstraetiOD, Mr. A'rundelt; but, &ince my youth, hatred of Spain baa been my ruling pueioo. I have long plotted her downfall in tlais hemiaphere, and I now see prospect of ID)' darling hopea being realised.' After this explanation he became c:alltl. Be

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TBB AJ)Y.BICTUB.BI 01' .6. OBBOLB. }29 promised to send me, in t1ae coune of the day, letters of introduction to all the insurgent chiefs; with the whole of whom be wa1 in eorreepondenee. He then inquired into the state of my fiuaoees. I told him. these were low enough ; ,.JI I bad was about nine dollars, which I got uchanged for a trifte at a shop of one of bis Vibe, at Common Hard, Portnnoutb. "Well," replied Fernandez, when I send yea oft' the letters, I will also remit you one hundred dollars, by way of a loan. No words of refusal or thanks ; you will be able to pay me shortly, as I intend visiting the republiean umy. Remember, it will be a loan; although I will not take a Shylock-like mort.gage, or a pound of your Christian flesh. One day or ano&ber you will be able Jo pay me ; but, should I die before that day arrive, give the sum to the first poor despised Jew you meet, and tell him to place it in one of the bo:see kept in all synagogues, to relieve the wretched laraelitee who atill, like ghosts, haunt the roina of Jerusalem. la there any thing else I can serve you in?" I suggested that, from the length of our voyage, a little fniit would be acceptable. He lll&de a note of it, and then took & formal leave of my fellow-pusengent, and a friendly one of lllf, saying,o2

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130 W'.&RBR A'R1711'1>KLL: 0 The Lotd blee!I and preae"e thee ; the Lord make hit faoe on thee, and give .... peace!'' Tht ee boon after tbiS; hie clerk am"edoe: board with 1 proanlMd letters, oae buadred doHars, lit8el, aha4docktr and other kinds of citron, and a smaller ...,. of pinewappies .d 6eber Weat. Indian frOit. Aa tltis:eeceptable preaeot ,...., *'6.cient to lut the witole of the untit we-should anive at Trinidad, I. made a general dietributioo ol tlteftuitJ Aftsr 1-..ing lived for three months on:aalt proisibns1 frait1 is.IDOllt lnmio: heoce.1 ury tbaring the two Wxei among the pbsellplS got me into more fa\'Our witit them than if I bad given them a tholl88nd dollanl. Evea t.he J'vnM"'ohllefvers 'Mid 1""'8 uet abad .fellow after all; and I am tol that BritlOn"dedarR, ilrst mtU1 :who said I wu not a geatleman, heW4>Uld glve:hittrone blow," 1&a. AhGt>tainh18 ttto-more puscheoas o0f: water ftotn .. the ftigat6, we; that aftel"llOOll'; 98, .i11huspitabbdal1111d St. W.e Cdle :'fAoagitid8': .r v.ainbabit.Mi ialud, on which, we were told, the goverllbtuiof.:6*' 1kept lb.: Sreeral volnwteeted Mbcmtrand 11hbiod.GID8.11

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TBB ov o.aoLB. .13l &o the island. Iu. &bout an lao1Uf it r-oroed, JoMed with twiae. I ID tthill robbery, but I partook of the pork; soothing, my cemeienoe with tbe ebat.ill!JoY. no, eating the stolen meat. would .not hee!efil thei owner,-01 the pip. I WM.a bed:ouuiat,.,bet .lGad. a,@41W appeti&e. .. .;. "" .. : ,. .. ""' We had,. lmg dead beM fntfD,8&, te Triaidacl; btM ille.-beaaviour tlf thetpueeagen; ia general, w.u. hirte lll880J>I: fintt1 thool>tful .tidiap 11*1 St. Thomas'.-threw a damp: an "fheir1aama\ spirits; .co.Uy, the criillaoce ofr.ther1-and ... i!atlw elub oTerawed the lt:ina1iaos ; !ndi but not the ,Jeut aua&i ot .tZIKtuililit)I,, UlO, quantity of .nd ruia 1'.erhtld, J IO that, of, neceseity, e ;hadt what ia. cNIWil a temperande eooieey;on biGar4. ,, : We.were. taineeu
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132 WARJIBB A&UJJDBLL: brought us acl'OM the Atlantic, but had in the island. He gave us far more gloomy ae counts than we beard at St. Tbomu's. The agent we expected to meet bad left the island, a ruined man. Angostura, np the Orinoco, had fallen into the hands of the royalistl, ud Margarita was now the only rallying point of the insurgents. The governor of Trinidad (Sir R. WoocUord) sent us word that the came of the rebels, as he called the patriots, wu ao dee perate, that he thought it his duty to disBoade as going to join them. And, if we promised not to do this, all those of the passengers who chose to remain in Trinidtd, and were capable of exercising any trade or profession by whieh they might gRin their living, should ha-re all his interest to get employment. Such as cboae to turn planters, he could easily obtain situations for ; and for those who wished to retum, be would endeavour to get them cheap or free pass ages to England. In tlie mean time, the govern ment possessed a large unoccupied building, called Cumberland House, which Sir Ralph Woodford offered as a temporary dwelling. 1\e governor only kept his word far as related to Cumberland House. .As sooo as the mass of the pa11engen came ashore to. reside, the governor took no further notice of them. .Bm,

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TRB .u>VJUITUR 01' A. CRBOLB. J 33 in iutice to his memory, I mutt here obterve, that the conduct of my fellow-pasaengen was aufficient apology for the neglect of Woodford. A daily repetition of sueh r;ceoes as took place on board the Saucy Jack occurred at Cumberland House ; with this addition, the unfo1tanate inmates were often without food : hence, they com menced a system of marauding on the oeigbboun bprovisions. So many fOUJl robberies were committed, that .poultry became scarce in that end of Port of Spain ; until yellow fever and new nun thinned, ruost awfully, the passengere of the Saucy Jack. Bat I anticipate. The passengers, before they would aceept of the govemor's proffered aid, desired to consult on the subject. We held a council of war on boa.nl the Saucy Jack. Gloom presided over oar consultation ; adversity seemed to weigh down the apirita of the whole, but particularly those who, during the passage, had been DlOllt turbulent : all looked and spoke with grav ity. This wu not the gravity of wisdom, but of disappointment and despair. Much wa.B said, bnt nothing resolved on, until Trevallion spoke thus:" As we hllve been duped by the owners of' tbe Saucy Jack, let us start with her to Mar gsriUL, a.nd there get a privateer's commiuion,

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136 'W ilKB& ..t.JlClfD.BLL : or soldiers, and informed 111' that the eebooner "as sei7.ed for having arms on board contrary to law. Her anchor was taken up, and she was moored right under the guns of the old Spanish fort, whence escape was hopeless. This, in a moment, put an end to the notable scheme of Trevallion, took away the enthusiasm from the pusengers, and restored their despondency. The history of the seizure of the vessel was tbie:-Canter, as soon 88 he beard the propoeal of TrevaHion to carry _oft' the schooner, went aehore unseen by us, and oft'ered a custom-house officer a email bribe to allow him to land certain arms and ammunition he had ou board the Saucy Jack, confeaeing, in pretended confidence, that he had no legal title to have them. Sir Robert Wal pole said every man had his price. The truth of this axiom was known to Canter, for he knew all the weak points ofhaman nature ; be, therefore, was aware, that if you oft'er a man much leu than his price, be feels it as an attack on his honour and dignity. Thaa, one who, for ten thousand pounds, would betny his friend, would resent, aa a deep insult, an oft'er of one hundred pounds as the price of hia honour : hence, the commander of the Saucy Jack promised a bribe to the custom-house officer much lees in amount than the said officer coold

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TBB A.DVBNTUBB8 OP A. CRBOLB, )87 obtain as his share of the booty, were the vessel seized. The result was, that the officer promised Canter to wink at hia landing the contraband arms; bot, a few minutes after, he caused the echooner to be seized. Be did his duty because it coincided with his interest. By the humanity of the collector, the passengers of the vessel were allowed to go ashore with their luggage. No sooner were we out of the Saucy Jack, than, as if a sudden recollection had occurred to Canter, he went into his cabin, and 'produced the copy of an order in council, which fully authorised the schooner to carry arms and ammunition. The custom-house gentlemen scrutinised this paper, and were obliged to confess that they had no right to put the broad arrow on her. That mark was taken off, and the disap pointed collector mi@sed his prey. The fact was, the whole seizure was a manreuvre of the captain to get quit of the passengers, and prevent their committing the villany of carrying her off, by performing the meditated robbery himself. He started with the vessel that evening, sold her, together with her cargo, to the patriots, pocketed the money, let the crew shift for tbem eelves, and went to the United States-"To add one rreeman more, America, to thee.''

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138 WA.RNER ARUlfDEJ.L: Thus the owuer took in the passengers, t passengers wished to retaliate, but Captain was too keen for both parties. What became this respectable character in America I ne1 heard. Brother Jonathan is no ad\"ocate 1 capital punishment, or l'c.l that bef< Captain Canter dies, he will be an uallld cl racter. Should he ever return to England, will not die io a horizontal position.

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TUB A.DY.DTIJBBI 0. A. OBBOLB. 139 CHAPTER VII. 1'-4 daoa tbi1 challenge ; mark bat the penning o( it." DuC11Dt ad ll8ria nap." .,.., 1,..,. Hoa.acs. O" going ashore, I found that my old friend Dr. Lopez had left the colony. Not wishing to join the assembly at Cumberland House, I took up my residence at a tavern kept by Fanny Nibbs, in Port of Spain. The first morning of my residence there, I bad a visit from :Beadle. His request astonished me: it wu, that I should stand his friend in a duel between himself and Lieutenant Jenkins, whom, it appeared, little Beadle discovered to be the person who was the principal in the disgraceful transaction of dragging him out of his bed, and anspending him by the heel, on board the achooner. I thought this delicate youth, with his girlish face, the last person who would have recourse to fighting. Often, when practising with a pistol during our pueage, he used to quit

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, J4Q WA.RlfBR A.R171fDHL: the deck, declaring himself too nervOUB to bear fire-arms go oft' without starting; and, I believe, up to this moment he had uever exploded an ounce of gunpowder in his life. But, notwithatanding his feminine appearance and weak nerves, he wai not a coward, as the result pl'OTed. I informed him that I would have been his second, but that, from some expressions which fell from Purtell, I myaelf momentarily expected a hostile meseage from him. Beadle left me, to seek old Major Glenlyon. About two hours after this, as I expected, I was waited on by Lieutenant Jack, who banded me a written challenge from Purcell ; a postscript of the letter containing the challenge, etat.ed that the lieutenant was to attend as hie (Purcell' a) friend. I asked Jack about the time and place of meeting. He told me that the laws ofTrinidad were most severe against duelling ; bot that, in the Gulf of Paria, and about thirty miles from the Port of Spain, lay an islet, called Loepatoe, which, being neither in this jurisdiction nor owned by the Spaniards, was commonly made a place of hostile meeting by persons living on both aides of the Gulf. He propoaed tbat. the nut Jt ie DOW CODlidered .. pvt of the colon7 ol'Triaided.

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TBE A.DVUTUABS OP .A OBBOLB. 141 momiag w.e should go thither in a sailing-boat : farther, that Jenkins and Beadle, who also were a.bout to" torn out," should accompany ua. Thu we aboald form a hostile parti n Trevallioo, who consented to aot u my secoad. I had an ezcellent pair of Mor timer's pi&tola in my trunk, which we agreed 1hou1d be used on the occaaion. Trevallion dined 1Jith nae ; and, after dinner, we walked out to gether. Gloomy as were my prospect&, I could not bat admae tile noble scenery by which we were &enoooded, and the marked improv.emente which had been effected in the appearance of the oouatey by .. tbe preseDt governor. We walked iato the country until we came to the plautation that, a few years since, was the property of Don 'Thomuo aad my uncle George. We were kind ly received by the present proprietor, who 1hewed 111 all ovet the estate, telling os what a bad plant.er his predeoeuor was, and what improveDleDts be had -made; above all, he tried to i&pre88 U8 with a magnifioent idea of what an extraordinary crop he was going to make next year. He did not knowme, for, einee the death

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142 w .unn .AanDBLI. my uncle, the pbmtation had pMeecl thro'U8h.a dMen bands ; but every proprietor wu rained llf it, although eTery mel'ehaut that ne gociated its aWairs got rich. At a late hour in the evening we anived at Mn. Nibbs's tavern. I penmded Trew.Hion to sleep in the same chamber with me, lelt a should be Tiaited -by an evil spirit*: whioh often haunts Earopeans in the West lndim, called tafia. AB the name of thia spirit is not 1o be found in King James'a book on demonology, I must acquaint the Eaglish reader that it ia better known by the demmination of rum. A little before daylight ne.t mom.mg, we were at the place appoiated for embarking to Lospatos. Early as we wue, I foud tile Gal" panions of my voyage waiting for -lll were, Purcell aod hia BeOQlld. :Beadle and hia friend, the major, Jenkins Nr1&1 u.tenclea by Britton t fiD.a!ly, them were Trevalilion. arvt, myBelf, We got into the. boai hired for the-oc. sion, hoisted sail, wiih light. breeie, steered towards Lotpatoe. We wiere. a-mile. t'WO from Bh01'8J 81'8 day opened .-, :I I '. !'. ])uring: ihe mat put of om little TI>yage cell slept; but slUhlen stem. ud nif. dered it evideQt that .. he slumber. From the relation in which I stood io

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TBB ADTJIJlt'9.88 OP A OBBOLB. )43 appear to. notice him minutely ; pt; GOW! anci as I oast a gJance at him. I eunW not. bat obeene that his ruddy features appeared flushed, and were quivering, as though he .sUt'ereiil: extnme mental or bodily pain ; a.A -. .snd U.. & deep ejgh escaped the lleeper. Lienteaaol Jaek once lhook him : he opened ma hl<>odlhot' eyee, with a bewildered stare, looked sound him. W8M is the matter with you?" said hi11 friend J u ha.Te you been drinking 1" Did yao not see him? said Purcell. '"-Him! who?" _,.,Why,. my father! How he shook tbotl& gny loeks u me, which I brought with sorrow to t1ie grave W (Lie dewn, my-gooci fellow, and, if pouible, Off dU ill4med intoxication." Again Pinell lay down on his back in the bottom of the boat, and aoon commenced snoring, a& tboogh be were ttifling. J whispered TrevaDioa. tlaat it WU nece1891Y to untie his black cravat, torn him over on his Bide, and rai1e his be.ta, as-be lay in an uncomfortable position. :U,. aclfliae.rw foHc>wed; he ceased snoring, but -...actd : tJMttt.ering in his perturbed sleep. h._ ... ; J

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14.f WA.Blf88 A.BUMDBLL: His mu.rmurings were, at fil'lt, inarticulate ; be paused for aboot half a minute, and said plainly," That cone again! Is it not enough the old man died cuniog me, but he must come over the great ocean, after he ia dead, to repeat bil curse, now he knows I am about to die?" He started violently, and opened his eye1. After looking wildly around, he said," Is it not strange the old man won't let me rest 1 But both he and I never forgave --" Lieutenant Jack shook his head; he appeared under an impression that Purcell was the wone for liquor. I perceived that he was under the influence of fever, which caused a determination of blood to the bead, and consequently he wu delirious : in fact, he was attacked with that disease which, for want of a better name, is called yellow fever. He was just such a subject as this demon would mark for his victim; he being plethoric, sanguine, and of intemperate habits. Such were my speculations ; but I was obliged to keep them to myself. While 1 was looking intently at him, Lieu tenant Jack. observed me, but misconstrued my thoughts. I fear," said he, that my friend will not be in a fit state to meet you ; and therefore, to

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TBB A.DVB1'T17BB8 OJ' A. CltBOLB. )45 prnent disappointing you, I shall be obliged to take his placethat is, it you have no objection to me as his substitute." I bowed courteoualy low. Gentlemen should be extremely polite to each other when arranging their amiable plaDt to blow each other's btain1 oat. The son had riaen high in the heavens, and wu intensely hot, as we neared Lospatoe. Pureell slept, muttering continually : now and then we caught a word or two of what be articalated. His sleep seemed to be disturbed with the recollections of his father's having cursed him. As we were entering the little harbour of the itlet, he woke and called for drink. You seem to have had too much drink already," said his friend, Give me water!" cried Purcell. I don't want your cursed grog, which taste& like a river of hell! Give me clear, cool, bleseed water. Oh, would to God my gullet were the channel of the Thames A large calabuh of water was given to him, which he could not be sa i to drink : he swallowed it with such avidity, that the glucking noise caused by his throat &ounded louder lhan that of a thirsty horse. The boat was run aground and secored : we VOL. II. B

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148 W.\8NBR ilUBDBLL:. '' None or your elaek-jaw, doctor; I did not come here to make apologies." Nor I to receie them,'' irmly replied Beadle. It wuagreed that Britton should give the wonl to fire. I eteod aside, t'o obeene the appearanee of the parties. The ludicrous features of Jenkins had a trait of doggedness, otherwise they were of the same comic cast. I eaw that tboee of Beadle seemed pale, and I could even obsene a alight blue tinge on hie lips ; but he seemed 6rm and collected. He appeared comciom that he stood on the brink of eternity ; bot he still stood firmly. He exhibited a strong ioataoce of constitutional timidity conquered ht moral courage. Britton gave the word "fire!" Both pistols were diaebarged the same instant; both pistols fell to the ground t.ogether ; and, at one and the same moment, Bea.die fell forward on his face, aDd Jenkins sprang up high, and came down on the sand : his ball had pa.seed through the temple of the apothecary, while the ball of Beadle had passed through the aorta of the lieu tenant. A brief pang of agony, and Beadle Wll no more: after a violent, but short tremor, the heart of Jenkins eeaeed to beat. Scarcely an ounce of blood stained the sand of Lospatos, on

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}50 1U.a1'BR AJlUWDBLL: eyes to wipe the big sweat-drops that had mlleo on them from my brow. Thia done, the aecuned objeete,the bodiee of the slaio men, who, but a few momeots berore, were in life and health,came on my vision. Oh, how I wished that I had been drowned ere I reached the hated shores or LospatOA Long minotee tied, and we scarcely changed our position. Now and then we gued on the two corpses, and then looked at each other and shuddered. Suddenly we were aroneed from Olll' lethargy by Purcell, who, with the looks of a demoniac, rushed amongst us. Ha, ha! said he, both fallen! both at the same .time have finished their v.oyage, and know in what latitude hell lie&! The old man told me this would happen, the lut time be appeared in the boa.t. And look aloft, there! Do you not see that?'' He pointed above, and we caet our eyetJ wards to -&he clouds to whieh .his finger waa rected. Do you not aee," said the deliriooa man," do you not see my old Cather's &owning fea tures, and bia hand pointing upwards doa't ym aee it?" We all remarked that one of tbe nooa-ticle clooda of the tropics, which hung over _.Lotpa&ol,

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TBB ADT&lfTU8B8 OP A O&BOLB. J51 had 181111Ded the form of a gigantic profile of a homao face ; and, just above it, another fantastic roll of vapour had curled itself into the delinea tion of a baud, with a finger pointing upwards. Of course, imagination aided tbie vaporons for mation ; yet eo remarkable wae this cloudy por traiture, that it struck us all, at the same moinent, u bearing a striking resemblance to a human Tisage and band. See eee how the old boy frowns on us all and see, where his finger points aloft, to where, in fiery letters, is written his CW'Be I never knew that a vindictive old father's curse would be logged in the ak.y. Oh, that my poor mother had not before him I Would she not, think you, have dissuaded the old man from having his malediction against her favourite child written in heaven t An enraged father knows not pity ; but a poor mother will plead at the throne of beaTeB, like an angel, for an erring child. Oh, my poor mother! would that I could lay my head on your bosom : a tear from your eye would qaeneh the hell-Sames burning on my brow He pre1111ed his hands to his burning temples, 11 a Sash of lightning rent the clouds which had acted upon his imagination, and glared on the dismal, ill-omened eland. At the same instant a

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152 W.A.BlfU .A.BVKDBLL: long peal of thunder roared over LosJ-t.ea, and 'WU echoed tiom the Qulf. '' Hark!" id tile delirious man," how the old fellow howu at me I I'll hide myself in tbe aea!" He mat.le two or three hurried steps towarda the water; bat, his stt'ength failing him, he fell on the sand. We carried him into the boat, and covered him with a Ail, by way of awning. I moistened hi1 lips with a little water, and he became lea turbolent. He yet muttered about his father's cane ; ao terribly had it taken possession of hia imagiaation. I felt his pulse, and found he had ao violent a fever that its beating could not be counted. The appearance of eeveral wltares, wing ing their gloomy way from Trinidad, and approaching to where the bodiet were lying, called our attention to them. Silently we drew Jl811', drove off' the carrion birde, end tamed the flee of the dead upwards. Both the countenances of the tlu men bore the marb of extreme .gony: their cadaverous looks were liok.ening to behold. We cot a few mangrove stieb, with which ft made a deep hole in the nd, above high-waler mark, in whica we .placed the bodies of Jeokim

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TBB il>VDTUBBI O A. CUOLB. 153 ad .Beadle, and covered them with the and we dug from out the grave. Now and then, a abort ejaculation, or brief supplication for mercy, broke u it were involuntarily from us. Our prayers were not for the dead : oor devotion was eelfiah. None of us bad that day tasted food. Our little store of provisions, laid in for this inauspicious voyage, was now produced. Some of us ate a little, but complained that the viands bad no taste; they, however., drank leu sparingly. I could swallow nothing but water. Few words were spoken, Done wasted. We seemed, to use the expreuion of Wordsworth, All silent, and all damned." We rose to depart Lieutenant Jack addl'e88ed me thus : From the unhappy state of my principal, Mr. Arundell, custom might require that I should stand in his place as his eecond ; but I hope the awful termination of one doel -" He paused. I replied, Enough, sir; there is 8Ufticient blood on our bands already." I hope," said the lieutenant, that our courage will not suft'er in the opinion of the world." Curses on the opinion of the world I re a 2

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154 WARN BR J.RUNDBLL: plied ; behold the result of the inftuence of that opinion pointing to the mound ol sand that lay over the grave of the duellists. We launched the boat with some difficulty, in consequence of Purcell being in it. The after noon breeze wafted us soon from the bated shores of Lospatos ; and, from that time to the present, I have never been able to look on its gloomy, un peopled shores, without shuddering. We arrived in Port of Spain that night at nine o'clock: we landed secretly. No one saw us depart for, and none eaw us return from, our unblessed voyage: we quitted the island with the caution of fugitives from justice ; we came to it as stealthily u murderers. Medical assiatanoe wu that night proeured for Purcell. We informed the physician of what was tbe faet, that be was attacked with feyer while sailing on the Gulf. The doctor's look at once bespoke deepair: the disease md already got beyond the management of science; for that mysterious forerunner of death, black vomit, had made it& apperanee. Through the night, and the nut day, be raved about his father's cone; and the third morning after the attack eommenced, be W88 borne to a haaty gral'e.

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TBB ADVUTVRBS OP A CBBOLB. )55 CHAPl'ER VIII. Sent in tbn foul clime to 1.npiab, Think what thOUIUU fall Ua HiD i W uted with di.aeue and anguiah, Not in glorioua battle elain." GLOVIR .boUT this time, i.e. in 1817, the demon of civil war was distracting South America; and, as if this CU1'Se were not a sufficient visitation, yellow fever infected the air of the whole continent. Soon the pestilence reached the West Indies. Whence this dieease came, or whether it be imjlortahle, are questions that need not be mooted in this work: sufficient it is to obeerve, that the aame kind of fever circulated round the entire tropical parts of the globe. In most of the iouthem, and aome of the northern states of Ameril!a ; in many parts of India lying without the tropics-; and even in Europe, an epidemic prevailed, which, if not what is here called the yellow fever, was a malady very like it in its

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)56 W AB)IU .t&ORJU.S. : general character, but rendered lele violent by a more temperate climate. Nothing could look more gloomy than the capital of Trinidad, during the prenlence of this malady. Businees seemed to stagnate : many fled into the country, Tainly hoping to escape the disease : nothing was heard but the tolling ot funeral-bells, and little seen but the long proceE&iona of the showily arrayed Catholic priests, and their red-habited choristers, acolytes, and crucifers, goiag to administer extreme unction, or singing funeral dirges, and carrying the scarcely cold, yet already putrid, victim of the epidemic to the house appointed for all The tolling of the fuaeral-belle became eo incessant and disheartening, that Sir R. Woodford ordered their discoDtinuance. A .great miafortune in the colonies was, the supply of Peruvian bark ran out ; inaomacla, that it was sold as high as forty or fifty dollan the pound. This is diagraceful to the W eat Indies, which possesses a soil and climate weU adapted for the culture of the tree which p duces this bark : nor does it speak much in favour of the botaaical knowledge of the Trini dadian i as io that maguificeut ialand are to be found, growing wild, subatitutes fur that valuable drug, little, if at all, inferior to the best cinchona.

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TBB .A.DVBBl'Va81 01' A OUOLB, )57 SeYenl pel"IOlll were attacked wit.h the dileue in question at the taTern at which I put up. On one or two oocaeiom I ventured to give my opinion t.o the medical man in attendance : he thought something of my skill, becnee my Tiewa or the cue coincided with his OWB. Most men think highly of the judgment of tboee who judge as they do. He inquired if I were a regular mem. ber of the profetsion : I told him under what circnmstances I left England without a license : he advised me to call on the governor, and explain this matter; and he woald, doubtless, give me a note of introduction to the medical board, who would examine my qoali:&cations, and if these were found respectable, that body would give me a license to practise. Pursuant to thit counsel, I waited on his excellency. I went to Government Home, and announced my name : I was instantly admitted into the presence of Sir R. Woodford, who, unlike most governors, was never absent from his post during holl1'8 of busineu, and at all times and places acceuible. I wu struck with the majestic appearance of the governor. He wore the Windsor uniform; his eye WM penetrating, his l>row capacious, and all his features regular, b.ndeome, and even noble, but indicMive of a haughty disposition.

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He was most unlike the portrait which; some years subeequently, Sir Thomas Lawrence painted for his excellency. The cauee of this wu, his countenance had two distinct kinda of expl't!8&iou, the most uulike each other that auy eet of features eTer could assume. The one might properly be called hie official face, which had, io u ex traordinary degree, an air of hauteur, mietrust, aud penetration : but bis non-official countenance was affable and amiable ; insomuch t.hat, if Sir Thomas wished to paint the beau-ideal of a finished gentleman, he could scarcely have choeen a beu.er study than Sir Ralph Woodford while entertain ing his guest& at St. Ana'a. The painter copied the features of the private gentleman ; and the portrait, therefore, bore no resemblance to the governor of Trinidad. His excellency received me with a haugltty politeneae ; but, in one sense, bis manner was not dimuat-for be eame so close to me that, at one time, I thought he wished to ealute me in the New Zealand fasbioa, by joining noeee. The cause of thie was, Sir Ralph possesaed the eense of smelling most aoutely, and had a monal detestation to the odour of 1trug oriok. No priest ever hated toleration mare iniemely than Woodford hated dtunkeonesa. Henoe it wu ltit eutom, en .. iog 8 vwi from .. iODe: who

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TBB .ADVBllTORB8 OP A CRBOLB. )59 came to pay hit respects to the governor, to approach him eufliciently close to catch the eeent of the breath of the party. If the visitor had drank the smallest quantity of spirits within many boun of the visit, Sir Ralph would detect it, and 1'rite him down in his powerful memory as one accustomed to indu1ge in ardent spirits. Few of those ever obtained favour from his ex .. cellency. Having been submitted to this singular scrutiny, he retired a foot or two, and then deli berately viewed me from head to foot, when his haughty features relaxed int.o a smile of con deecension and approval. He asked my name. I told it. He at once eaid,--., Ah! Mr. Warner Arondell-1 recollect now. You came out ae surgeon t.o the Saucy Jack ? 1 bowed assent. I regret," continued his excellency, that & gentleman of your appearance should have come hither on eo fruitlesa an enterprise, and am more sorry that your fellow-passengers should have been pel'80ns so wild in their conduct. I am told," said the go,ernor, looking int.o myeyes a& though he were fencing me,-" I am told that, not sa.tieied with the ravages created by the pretMbt insalubrity of the climate, your fellowpaaMng., are committing repid euicide on

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their reuon, and slow aaieMle on their health, by continued intoxication. Aad I am f'orther informed, that already two of the innwtes ol Comberlod Howie have dippeared in a myateriou mumer. Now, sir, I have atrong reuoD to euapect __ .. Here the governor wae iatenapted, forta nately for me, or be would have observed my confusion. The interruption proceeded from a Portugueee servant, who had followed Sir Ralph from Madeira. The man spoke to the governor in Portuguese, and announced &hat Dr. Cb.icuto waited on bis e:a:cellency. "Admit him," said the governor. I was now about to retire, when Sir Ralph motioned me to remain. He ie only a Spanish lawyer that waits on me. Our conference wiU be very brief'," eaid his excellency. Dr. Chicano was admitted. He was a middle aged South American, with a form incliDed to cor pulency, a bright twinkling eye, ud a homorom Ce"antic cast of countenance. The governor addreseed him in Cutilian, which, in common with al1B08t all European luguages, Sir Ralpll spok.e fluently. It was evident the governor, supposing me a stranger, conceived I knew not the language he spoke; consequently, be ad

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TBB A.DVBKTUBB8 O:V A. CBl!.:OLB. 161 dreaed the lawyer as though be were holding a printe conversation with him. I, of coune, did not eeem to notice what be said. I have aent for you," laid Woodford, Doctm Chicano, to consult you as a lawyer : the question I shall put to you will be brief, and I know you too well to suppose you will give me a complicated answer to a eimple query. You are aware that the illostrioue board of cabildo bu of Ja!_e been shewing some signs of -contumacy to my will : in fact, it ie trying to imitate those petty bat turbulent bodies in the old Eng lish colonies, called houses of assembly. Now, my question is this : what power does the Span ish law allow me u g<>Ternor and president of the cabildo ; and what are the duties of the res& of the members of this illustrious body?" Sir Ralph," replied Chicano, I will define your legal powers, and their duty, in a few words Yoo have the power, by Spameh law, of ordering the illustrious board to do whatever you please; and it is the duty of the rest of the members to aay, Si, Beior .' Saying this, the doctor of laws bowed po litely low; and the governor bowed still lower, in appronl of ihie short but signifieut advice. The eabildo la a linll of town.onncil.

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162 WA.RNBR A.RUlfDBLL: I had resolved not to seem to ondentand what took place ; but the laeooic, yet complete definition of the authority which the Spaoiab law gave to a governor took me by surprise, and I amiled involuntarily. Sir Ralph's eye caught my countenance, and his penetration instantly in formed him that be bad erred in addreasing Cbieano before me, under the presumption that I did not understand the language spoken. You understand Spanish t" aaid he to me, in that language. Si, senor," was my reply, bowing lower than either. A flash of displeasure passed over the brow of the governor ; his lips curled, until, with hie fine teeth, he bit the under one. He drew up his form, and addressed me with greater hauteur than be had yet used. Pray, Mr. Arundell, to what cause am I to attribute the honour of your "fiait t" With as few words as I could condense my sentiments into, I informed him of my motive for waiting on him ; which was, to solicit a letw of introduction from him to the medical board, in order that I might be examined, and, if found competent, licenaed to practise u a medical man : politely reminding him of his promise to aid any one of the puseDgers of the Saucy Jack who

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TBB .ADVBKTUBBI 01' A. CBBOLB. ]63 ehose to remain in Trinidad, instead of joining the insurgents on the Spanish Maio. "' Have you, sir, any diploma or surgical license?" aid the governor. I replied in the negative ; explained how I hutily left England when on the point of being examined; at the same time ehewed him certiil eates of having attended lecturee, walked hos pitaJe, and atodied under eminent men, who all wrote handtomely about my aseiduity. In fact, I possessed more vouchers of having received a tolerable medical education, than did most of those who practieed the healing art in the West Indies. The goTernor looked over niy papen care fully, bot coolly. Humph!" eaid be, u newspapers ob-1ene, oery important if tru." He said this in a tone wb.jeh made me under stand that he doubted the authenticity of my papen. He added,'' I never knew any one who came out to join the rebela on the Main, but could pro duce unexceptionable testimonials as t.o character, as advertieements state." I fell di&pleued at his remark11. From my infancy I abhorred falaehood, and never could tolerate aay one' throwing a alar on my veracity.

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164 W.A.RXBB .A.8VMDBLL: The governor continued,-" I fear, air, I can be of little use to you in recommending you to the medical board. It meets to-morrow. Y oa may apply to be examined, and it is in their power to license you ; but, so far from reoom mending you, I will caution them to eumine you with the greatest rigour, and, if you are not found to po8Se88 knowledge which shall bear oat these fine certificates, I will ad vise them to reject yoo ... And I presume," said I, acconiing to that gentleman," pointing to Chicano, you have the power of ordering them t.o do just what y>11 choose, and it is their duty to say,' Si, seiior.'" This ill-timed retort brought a frown on the brow of his ucelleocy: it made Dr. Chicano smile ; which, when Sir Ralph obse"ed, his face grew red, insomuch thtLt, passing his hand down one of his cheeks for a moment, the white marks of his fingers were visible. I have a duty to perform, sir," said the governor, with warmth, in guarding his ma jesty's subjects from trusting their health to the care of ignorant persons. If you have received the education you pretend to, you need fear no scrutiny of the medical board ; but, if it shall be found that, like many who come to this part of the world to turn doctor, you are merely from the counter of an apothecary-"

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TBB A.DVBKTlJ'BBS OP A. ORBOLE. 165 To preTent such a cliscorery, interrupted I ; to prevent the medical board's licensing a mean, ignorant apothecary, I decline being ez. amined." I took my papers, bowed, and wu taking my leave, when he Did, in a milder tone," Pardon me, young man-I meant not to ol'end you : you eeem soaceptible, and rather proud." My pride, Sir Ralph, is defensive pride." All pride is sinful," said his excellency. '' Then what a sinner you must be I" thought I. Bot I replied,-" I cannot help my pride ; I am of a proud race, who, until the last five minutes, nner suft'ered any one with impunity to question their veracity." Saying this, I bowed again, and left Government House. Doring this interview I was much to blame, nor was the governor's conduct very commend able; roused my anger, by more than hinting his doubts of my veracity. I know I have a reasonable stock of vices; but mendacity, I believe, is not of their number. I hope I am not destitute of .irtues ; but in the brief catalogue of them humility is not to be found. Sir Ralph, as I was subeequently informed, regretted his harsh tr;atment of me ; more especially when Dr. Chicano, who, it appeared, knew

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166 W ABNER A.RUNDELL : me, informed him that I was nephew to an old and respeetable colonist of this isl&nd. He made inquiries about my character : these eatisfied him, and added to bis regret of having otfeoded me. He proposed reconciling me at his supper-table the following night; and no man knew better to gain the good-will of his guests than Sir Ralph Woodford. But, just aa his invitation arrived the next day, l was on the wing for the island ol Margarita. 4.n independent schooner that afternoon ar rived from the Main, bringing news that Angoe tura was recaptured by the independents; that Bolivar, assisted by M'Gregor, had given the royalists a defeat; and, finally, the independent cause was flourishing. The schooner was de spatched by Bryon to Trinidad, where, it WU supposed, many persons were waiting to join the patriots. 1 did not hesitate to embark on board the schooner, which was going to Margarita. Glen lyon, the two TrevaUion, Britton, Jack, and several passengers of the Saucy Jack, went with me. The rest were discouraged from pro ceeding, and found employment in the island, or were provided for by-new rum and yellow fever. Just as I was embarking, the governor's Por tuguese servant put a note of invitation to supper

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T11B .6.DVB:NTUBD OP .6. CBBOLB. 167 into my bands. I returned a pencilled aoawer, politely declining the intended honour, aa I, at that moment, was embarking to pay a viait to General Ariamendi, the. commandant of Margarita, and the enemy of Sir Ralph Woodford. The governor of Trinidad bated all the insurgent chiefs, and their cause. Our voyage was pleasant: the next day I was in the populoua, but arid ialand of Mar garita.

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-168 'W AaNBB Aa1J'KJ>SLL: CHAPTER IX. AV8lllllr, avanar, oom,.-oe {:on IOll rmu al nnmbro nnar; Libertad por. sempre clameno.; Libemd, libertlld, libemd Patriot &1111. TBB island of Margarita, considering its size and want of fertility, possesses a dense populalion, which is, perhaps, the most industrious and ener getic of any people that speak the Spanish Ian guage._ The Margaritans were more devoted to the cause of freedom than the inhabitants of any part of the adjacent continent : hence, this island was repeatedly the last stronghold of South Ame rican freedom, wherein the defeated, but undaunted, patriots retreated, and whence they sallied forth to liberate the New World. There being as yet no history of the South American revolution, the following brief sketch of it may not be unacceptable to the reader of these memoirs. It may se"e to give him such an

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TBB A.DVBlfT1JBB8 OP A. OBBOLB. )69 idea of this stl"angely neglected, but most im portant event, as a rough map, drawn by a pen, without scale or compue, may give a man of the general outlines of a country. lo the present advanced state of knowledge, it is, perhaps, superftuoua to remind the reader, that whenever a colony gets too strong for the parent state, she will shake oft' her dependence: for, let a colony be however well governed, it will still contain some discontented spirits-eome diaappointed men, who are ready to magnify every trifling, real, or imaginary grievance, into tyranny on the part of the parent state. But, so extra.ordinarily misruled were the Spanish de pendencies, that, had not the bulk of the colonists been tbe most loyal people that ever breathed, they would have revolted a century ago. Every article imported into the New World was made a monopoly. In short, the whole Spanish colonial system was one of monopoly, and of that sort of tyranoy which is founded on the ignorance of those whom it oppressea; and is, consequently, opposed to permitting any political knowledge to the people. In English colonies, lying about the eame distance from the metropolis 88 those of Spain from the Peninsula, the produce and manufacture of the parent state may, in general, be bought in the wholesale at the rate of from 26 VOL. JI. I

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J 70 WA.RNBR A.RUNDBLL: to 60 per cent above their firat cost; bnt in the Spanish Main, from this practice of mo nopoly, few goods, unless smuggled, could be bought for Iese than 600 per cent above their European price, and often 5000 per cent profit on certain articles waa exacted by the purchuer of the monopoly. This state of tbiogs caused discontent, and, as a matter of co11rse, a wiah for independence. Again, Spain, by a degree of infatuat!on to which history can scarcely find a parallel, encouraged the North Americans to throw oft' their dependence on England, on account of a dispute about a tri8ing duty on tea and stamps, while she herself waa exercising the most cruel system of taxation on her colonies ever recorded. Had Waahington not succeeded, Bolivar had remained a mere amiable, but indolent creole ; and Paea, a wild tamer of scarcely more wild cattle. What ever were the grievances of the insurgents of North America, the conduct of the Bourbons of France and Spain, in assi11ting the rebellious aub jects of England, was as foolish as it waa wicked; and their folly and wickedness recoiled ou their own heads. The spark which aet France in a state of conftagratioo, wherein Louis XVI. lost his crown and life, was brought by his subjects from America. The King of Spain sent pa_rtisaDI

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THE A.DVBNTUBBB OP A. CBBOLB. 171 &o liberate North America; and, amongst these, Miranda, the father of South American liberty, learned the art of war, which he used to free his oppreseed land. But the greatest cause of the South American revolution was the shameful partiality shewn by Spain to her native population, in preference to her transatlantic subjects. A Spaniard quitted bis country with a barren title of nobility, and in some provinces of the Peninsula all are noble : he came to the New World, made a large fortune, which bis descendant, bom in America, might inherit; yet W88 the latter considered as an inferior to the partHmU who came out yesterday a and illiterate adventurer. The Spaniard was con aidered noble because he was a Gachupin. South America had her native aristocracy; but Spain looked on them u a race inferior to her native plebeians: hence, the Marquis del Toro, the Mar quis de Berroteran, Count Xavier, and the Mar quis de Casa Leon, were refused offices which were trusted to clerks of Cadiz. Although Spain attempted to keep her co lonists in utter ignorance, yet occasionally know Thi word wu talceo Crom the Mnicana, wbo called white men CacAopitla. Tbe Spaniard applied the term to any one o( their countrymen wbo 1ettled in tbe New World during the war oC inde peodence. The word Cocllupm wu uled to de1igoate a Royaliat.

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172 WARMER A.RUMDBLL: ledge would find its way into South America. She could not prevent them from paying occa sional visits to North America, where they be held a people, who had thrown oft' their depend ence on the mother country, without having a millionth part of the complaint against England which the southern division of America had against Spain. These, although not all, were the principal causes which rendered South America the soil of independence ; but England bu the honour or disgrace of sowing the seeds of revolt in this soil. Spain, at the end of the last century, found her self unwillingly obliged to join France in a war against England. Great Britain cast her eyes on the colonies of Spain ; theee she could not spare an army to conquer, but she supposed she could easily revolutionise. To do this, Spain bad set her the example. The year after war was de clared, Trinidad was taken-an island, from its situation, of great importance to further the plan of aiding a revolt in South America : hence, Dundas sent to Governor Picton orders to prcr mote an insurrection on the Main. These orders the governor executed with such zeal, that Don Jose Antolin del Campo, notary-public to the See Picton' Proclamtion, June 16, 1797.

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TBB .ADVBXTURB8 OP A CRBOLB. 173 government of Margarita, ol'ered, by proclamation, a reward of 20,000 dollars for the head of Don Tbomaso Picton. To this proclamation the governor humorously replied, by offering a reward of 20 dollars for the head of Don J os' Antolin de) Campo. Truly, the head of the hero of Badajoe was worth a thousand times as much as that of a Spanish escribano. The result of these efforts to revolutionise South America wu a conspiracy by Goal, and two other state prisoners, who were 11hut up in La Gnayra. This conspiracy was detected and suppressed by the Spaniards. All the time England was at war with Spain, 1be encouraged the insurgents; but, when the latter was overrun by the French, the relation of Great Britain towards South America became changed : she could not aid her to throw off the yoke of the mother country, and at the same time preserve her faith with the imprisoned Fer dioud, whose cause she had espoused. She eoald not, in policy, assist the royalists in Co lumbia, because it aeemed more than probable that Napoleon might eventually succeed in establish ing his brother Joseph on the throne of Spain : hence England preaened a kind of wavering neu trality. This was bard on the insurgents, who continually looked to Great Britain for assistance.

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174 WABlfD A8UKDELL: All was now confusion in South America : the enlightened part of the creole population wished for independence; the Cachupins wished to remain loyal, but knew not to whom to be loyal. Joseph Buonaparte commanded them to obey him as king; the junta of Seville, the regency of Madrid, and the junta of the Asturiu, sent their respective commands to America ; and ea.ch or dered the colonies to submit to and acknowledge their authorities, and deny the authorities of the others: while each important city in South .Ame rica eet up a little jnnta of its own. All thit time, Miranda was making progress in rendering his native land independent. This patriot was a native of Ca.raccu. He had served in North America, where he formed the plan of liberating his country. In further ance of this design, he entered into the French army during the early part of the revolution. Disgusted with the atrocities of the Reign of Terror, from which he narrowly eecaped, he for years wandere4, about Europe, soliciting by tul'DI each power to aid his design. In 1806, he sailed from North America with a small private ex pedition, and came to Trinidad, where he got many recruits; for, since the conquest of that island by the British, it always afforded an UJ lum to the discontented on the Main : hence

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TBB ADVBK'l'17BB8 OP A. CBEOLB, ) 76 .Miranda found there many men of desperate fbrtune, not altogether unacquainted with the 1mell of powder, because in Trinidad almost every man is obliged to be in the militia; and, since the government of Picton, Trinidad has pouessed the most respectable militia in the West Indies. There can be little doubt that Miranda would have finally sueceeded in hia many and pene. vering attempts to give liberty to his country, but for the occurrence of the earthquake in 1812, which I witneued. This event happening on Holy Thunday, and on the anniversary of the declaration of independence, the priests, who by the new constitution were deprived of many privileges, penuaded the mass of the people to believe that the awful convulsion of nature wu a Divioe visitation for their haviog thrown oft' their allegiance to Ferdinand. Miranda suffered now considerable revenes ; and, after labouring for thirty years for the deliverance of his natal aoil, he 1urrendered to the Spani...:.U, under a promise of amnesty. This was violated, and be died in prison at Cadiz. 3 et was not all Iott to the patriots : still they made bead, and fought for years. Santiago Mari.Do brought an expedition from Trinidad, and joined the great .Simon :Bolivar, who liberated

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176 W' 4Bl!l'BB ill11'DBLL : and armed his alavee for the deliverance of his country. Jn 1815, .Morillo arrived in Colombia, with a well-appointed army of ten thousand men. He was joined by all the Cachupins, by the Islaiioe (Canary Island men), and by many of the loyal creoles. The cause of the patriots now looked desperate : they JlOlllM!888d many a bold partisan ehief, but no soldier whose knowledge of tactics could compete with the new 8pauish com mander. He, however, comlltted one error, or, more properly speaking, crime, which ruined his cause. After his armral in America be in formed his king that the only way to conquer Venezuela was to exterminate two-thirds of its inhabitants. His acts responded with his strocione advice, or rather exceeded. it in atrocity. It soon became evident that bis aivJ, was to exterminate or reduce to ruin every man, woman, and child, born in Columbia. When weak insurrections arise in a state, the government may, in policy, treat all the in&ut'gents as rebels: when a rebellion is dangerou from its strength, the first object of the govern ment should be its suppresaion, and, when that is accomplished, the punishment of its chiefs : bot when the insurrection is so general that it is doubtful if the state can conquer it, policy die-

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TBB ADVB11rTUBB8 OP A OJlBOLB. J 77 late& that the horrors of civil war 1hould be alleviated by treating prisoners captured from the insurgents in the same way as ordinary prisoners of war are treated by civilised nations. Every execution of an in1orgeot, while the iosurrection is unsuppressed, calls for retaliation ; each act of inhumanity engenders another sanguinary mea1Ure, and lessens the chances of conquest on the part of the govemment, by making the rebels desperate-u most men would prefer dyiog in the excitement of battle, wherein they can sell their lives deer, to perishing by the hands of the executioner. An army, like that of MoriJlo, which attempts the conquest of a country by the indi&criminate massacre of its inhabitants, places itself in an awful dilemma : if it be defeated in its object, the vengeance of the country will anni hilate it ; if it succeed, it gains a dear triumph over a land of desolation. Until repeated disasters bad endangered the uiatence of his army, Morillo wished to be a eecond Pizarro, but he had not a set of naked Peruvians to slaughter. The atrocities of the Spanish general diagusted the Americans, and called forth retaliations ; until acts of inhumanity, at the recital of which nature shudders, became common in both camps. Soldiers in war are, in general, pitiless beings, despite the severest disJ 2

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) 78 W AaMBR A.BtJlfDBLL : cipline ; but the discipline of Morillo, Bovee, and Morales, commanded the indiaeriminate daughter of the aged, the infirm, the mother, llDd infant at her breast. This naturally caused abhorrence to the Spanish name. Spain warred on old men and women ; the aged and females of Columbia warred on the Spanish murderer io self-defence. While the creoles were partly Royalists, the war was doobtfol: when the whole of the South American& joined against Morill0; his army melted away like ice, imported from Europe, exposed to a tropical sun ; and the remain& of the people of Columbia, reduced to a eixth of their number, became independent. Such is the brief ootlinee of the Sooth American war of independence. The Spaniards never poaseeeed any party ia Margarita. On their landing they Backed Ae sumpcion, the capital of the island: the mea fought while they could, and then retired to the mountains. The aged, infirm, the women ud children, took refuge in the churches and coo. vents : here they were slaughtered by the Royal ists. I saw the blood of the murdered near the altar of one of their eburcbee ; Arismeodi, the patriot commander of Margarita, would not allow it to be washed out. Behold," said he, men of Margarita, the

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TBB ADVBKTURB8 OP A. CRBOLB, 179 church of your God stained by the murderous Spaniards with the blood of your fathen, wives, IJiaten, and infants! Swear on the altar of the etemal God, which the slaves of Ferdinand have strewn with the gray hairs of age, and the treBBes of the maidem of this island swear on it to avenge this outrage I" And the Mugaritans swore vengeance against the Royaliets : well, too well, were their oaths fulfilled. Repeatedly the Spaniards landed at Margarita to exterminate the inhabitants or this laet fortreas or independence ; bot 88 often they retreated, baftled, from this island, leaving one half or their numbers to reed the vultures. These attempts were so often repeated, and so unirormly defeated, that the inhabitants used to hail, with stern joy, the arrival of the Royalists in the Bay of Pampatar. Men, women, and children, would exclaim, Hurra the Cachupin dogs come Uttering an untranslatable oath, they would retreat to the mountain of Macanon ; which being covered with prickly pears, they could not be puNUed with success. From this height they continually rushed down on the invaders, who were allowed no rest night nor day ; until, from the incesaant attacks of the Margaritans, the Spaniards retreated from the island, ba8led and

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J80 1f.A.RllD A.Bl1l'fDBLL : diagraced. A people resolved to be &ee cannot be conquered. Morillo, and his ten thousand men, were insufficient to subdue an island whieh contained a surface of but thirty square leaguee, although the islanders were obliged to oppose stones and clubs to his muskets and artillery. When I landed, I was introduced, by the captain of the veuel I sailed in, to Colonel Ari. mendi, a man or middle age, whoee straight and glossy hair indicated that he was a mestezo, i.e. of mingled Spanish and Indian bloOd. He received my fellow-pauengen and myself cordially. and advised Trevallion, Britton, and two others, to join Brion's ieet, at that time in the Oronoco. This they agreed to, and. that evening we took leave, and they went on board a sloop. Glen lyon, the two Germana, three other paasengen, and myself, he proposed to send in a launch to Cumana, in order to join a small party that were going to croSB the Sierra de Bergaotia to join BoJivar, who was about to make an attempt for the relief of Maturin, which was closely by the Royalists. We consented to this arrange ment, and Arismendi invited us to dine with him. We went with the commandant to his dwell ing. Pusing a sentinel at his own door, A.U. mendi asked the soldier for hie cigar : the latter

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TBJl AJ>VB1ft'171U18 OJP A C&BOLB. J8J thought he withed it to light his own, and gave it to the colonel ; but, perceiving the commandant coolly put it in his mouth, smoke it, and enter at the door, the sentinel followed his officer, exclaiming, Caranaba commandant, you are not going to steal my cigar He spoke in anger; the commandant swore at him ; and he returned the compliment with compound interest. Arismendi told him he would send him four other cigars, and walked into the house. This was the first ecene of republicanism I beheld : it gave me a poor opinion of the dis cipline of the army I was about to join. Trifles often indicate great political changes. For three centuries the parrots of South America were taught to speak a rough couplet, indicative of the hatred between the Spaniards and Portuguese. It ran thus: -cc Lorita real Por l'Espalia, no por la Portugal." The parrots of Margarita were now taught to say, Lorita patriota por l' America, no por f pana." The heads of all the poor birds that persisted in uttering the old cry were mercilesely wrung off. An 1nl111111tion equinlent to indeed I'

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)82 W'ARNBB ilUNDBLL: I elept that night at the quarters of An.. mendi. The nest morning, an Independent privateer, commanded by one Captain Griftitha, entered the Bay of Pampa&ar. She brought a Spanish brig, which she had captured ; and lady, whose arrival excited universal joy. Some months previous to this, the command ant's second wife, a moet beautiful woman, while bathing at night, was captured by a party of Morillo's army. About thu eame time her husband attacked an advanced poat of the Spaniardt, which he cut to pieces, eave one Colonel Monter, and about one hundred and fifty men, whom he made prisoners. Thia colonel was one of the moat merciless of those concerned in the m sacre in the church. Morillo knew hie worth, and sent a meuenger to Arilmendi t.o Y that, if Colonel Monter was spared, he would restore the lady; if not, she should be slain. This threat would have placed an ordinary patriot in a trying situation, for the commandant was tenderly ai to his wife ; yet, the blood of his alaugh tered countrymen called out for vengeance on the infamous Monter. But Arismendi possessed the stem feelings of a Spartan : on receiving the message, he_ caueed his own son to sever the bead from the body of the blood-thirsty coloDel

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TBB ADVBXTURB8 O:P A C&BOLB. }83 before the meeeenger of Morillo, and sent him back with a threat that, if his wife were slain, he would hang up the hundred and fifty prisoners he had captured. Nothing could exceed the rage of Morillo at thia: he ordered Arismendi's wife to be killed ; bot seYeral officers, fearing the ven geance of the patriot, interceded for her. A solitary act of humanity was now performed by Morillo: he sent the lady prisoner to Cadiz, whence she escaped a few days after in man's attire, and got on board a Spanish ship bound for the' Hanfia : this was captured by a privateer off' the Azores, and the lady was brought safely, by Captain Griffiths, to the arms of her husband. A general joy pe"aded the island .of Mar garita on the debarking of the lady. Nothing was heard bot Viod la patria f' long live our noble commandant and his lady She landed under a salute of artillery. All the inhabitants were mustered on to receive her. A car was procured, in which she was placed-the men dragging and the women strewing flowers in her way ; while the aged and children in Toked blessings on the beautiful wife of the pa triotic Arismendi. The car was dr&i,aged to the house of the commandant, more than a league

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184 W'ARMBR iltJJfDBLL: up the country ; after which she walked, in solemn procession, to the church, the floor of which was stained with the blood of the Marga ritam. She knelt, and returned thanks to the Supreme Disposer of events, f'or her happy de liverance, while the solemn edifice was filled with people, who joined in her devotion.

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TBB ADV BRT17RB8 OP A OBBOLB. ) 85 CHAPTER X. Along the b8Dlc1 of OroDoe, Tile Yoice of 6-lom .bevd at leagth ; Thy s.Diboa, MatariD, are woke With dauntlea1 hearta, ud arm1 ohtrength." Colulltbia Soni of Likrcy. TH next moming I took leave of Arismendi, and went on board a Patriot launch, with the two Germans, Major Glenlyon, and three other of my fellow-paesengers ofthe Saucy Jack. The commandant told us to be sure and keep our fire-arms loaded, as the coast between Marga rita and Cumana was infested with Royalist launches. This advice we, fortunately, did not neglect. We (that is, late pa88engers of the Saucy lack on board the launch) elected the major as oar commander; and the patron of the launch, a gigantic Sambo, -a sullen man, but brave A mill o( mised Indio ud negn> race.

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J88 W.ABNU ABUKDBLL: and cool-took charge of the rowers, and eight volunteers, of mixed Indian and European race, who were going with us to join the Republican army. We were half the day pulling over to the Main ; we then wound round the various points of land, in a westward direction, towards Cu mana, until evening, and then anchored all night The next morning we took up our wooden anchor, and proceeded on our voyage ; the Sambo patron cautioning ua to keep our arms loaded. This caution was not needless. As we proached a point of land, we heard, on the other side, a voice exclaim, in Spanish,-" Pull away, my boys !'' and a great number of men replied, Vioa el Rey Fernando I" To arms I" exclaimed our patron, in a low voice. Instantly every musket we had was cocked, and all our loaded piatols were in our belta. We had fourteen muskets and two blunderbll88e9 in the boat, besides a number of pis101s : we alao had a swiYel in the bows of the launch, whieh waa loaded with musket.balls. The exclamation of the Royalists gave us warning of their approach, ere we could see each other, being OD dift'erent sides of a projecting tongue of laud. This circumstance allowed us a precious minute

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TBB .A.DVBICTUBBS OP A CREOLB. 187 far preparation, which we failed not to improve. We rowed to the point, and ran into the man grove-brancbee, which skirted the shore and hung over into the eea. The rowers took in their oars and seized their arms. This wae not done a moment before it wu neceeeary, for a large launch, having twice our numben, shot round the point ; and the nnt notice they received from us wu a di&eharge of great and small arms. One of the Germans levelled and fired the swivel with murderous preeiaion, using a spark from his en-'"41a11 for the latter pur pose. The great anne being dilcharged, we did not remain to load again ; the Sambo ran u on board ere they had time to recover from their emprile or me a aingle gun at ua. Our pistola completed the confusion : a shot from one of mine laid low one of their rowers. Major Glen loyn reserved the fire of one of the blunderbtl88e8, which be now discharged at the Royalist patron, a white man. He killed him, and wounded another. Several of the Caehupina jumped into the 11eL We boarded -a brief struggle took place -and the launch wu oun. I regret to say, that one of the Germana and Major Glenlyon were killed in boarding. Beeidea theee, we

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188 w aMBa AaUN DBLL : had two rowers and three Margaritans badly wounded. I am sorry to say, that, after the capture of the launch, our patron made his people &re ou the wretches whom we had driven overboard. Few of these escaped. The prize was valuable on account of its freight, being loaded with arms and salt. She had belonged to the patron, a European, who had a plantation of indigo, near Barcelona ; and the crew were his own negro slaves. Thia capture was mainly owing to their uclamation of Ra11W8 mru:kac'Aoa I Yioa el Reg Fenu:ou:la!" which caused us to surprise them. Four of the poor negroes were allowed quarter, by the intercession of the passengers, on condition that they would volonteer to join the Patriots, and help to row the prize. All the Margaritana lent their aid to do this; and in the evening we arrived, without accident, at Cumana. Poor Major Glenlyon, after escaping twenty glorious campaigns, was killed capturing a miserable launch; and Miiller, the German, who e:spected to die a Columbian general, was slain before he reached the Patriot army. As we entered the Gulf of Cariaco, we ad mired the magnificent scenery, the noble harbour,

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TBB .AJ>VB!ITUBBS 01' .A. OREOLB. 189 the beach, on which vegetated gigantic specimens of cocoa-trees. Date, and other palm-trees, raised their elegant forms, aod mingled their graceful fronds amid the dark and thick foliage of the tamarind. The tall flamingo flew about the coast, while the winged jackals of the south, the gali nazo, vultnre, or turkey-buzzard, hovered above for prey. War, horrid war, had too well fed these gloomy birds. We landed, and were hailed with joy, in con sequence of our capture. Colonel Rocio was the commandant ad interim, and he made us as wel come as his confined means would admit. Aris mendi had given me a note of introduction to him, and this procured me tolerable quartere. The town of Cumana, before the revolution, had 20,000 inhabitants ; but scarcely 500 were now in it. I slept in a cotton hammock ; and the next day, after partaking of an early breakfast, we set out on our journey across the country, to the Guaripichi. We were eighteen in number, including two guides : I had three mules, one to carry myself, and two othere for my baggage. It was night before we reached the foot of the Brigenteen mountains, which is a spur of the great range of the Andes. Here we encamped under an ajoupa, or hut or palm-leaves, erected by ourselves. We all slept in carried for the occasion.

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JS>2 W4B1'BR ARUlfDBLL: in vain in the history of the North American war of independence. Before the revolntioo he had a princely fortune. He, during years, com manded the armies, established the liberty, and swayed the destiny, o! his country ; and be died poor, although he neither was enravagant nor luxurious. These are tacts which will be told of him by History, which can shew no greater patriot in her records than Simon Bolivar. I next was introdnced to the redoubtable Sir Gregor M Gregor. In England he is principally known as the author of the Poyais scheme ; here, he was @poken of aa the hero of twenty battles. He was a dark-haired powerful mao ; aod, with the exception of Paez, one of tbe most terrible men for acts of personal bravery in the Republican service. He had two Caults, which were the cause of all his misery and degradation : the &nt was, an immoderate thirst ; aod the second was, an aversion to water. Having mentioned Paez, I must My a word or two of him. He is stated t.o be a mulatto, but, judging from his appearance, I should pro nounce him of that mixed race of Spanish, In dian, and negro blood, whieh resembles the class in South America called Peons. At the begin ning of the long war of independence, be was a mere Llanaro ("4.nglitt, man of the plaine), a

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TBB A.DVBlfTURBS OP A ORBOLB. J 93 keeper or hunter of wild cattle on the great savannas. He is a man not of e:a:traordinary stature, but yet one of matchleu strength and activity. By a dexterity peculiar to South Americans, he could throw down the fiercest boll that ever bellowed on the plains ; his feats of horsemanship would astoniah an Arab ; he aoon be came distinguished above bis comrades for acts of daring, insomuch that he was the terror of the Spaniards. No man, since the days of Samson, ever slew so many as Paez (always excepting tboee who kill by patent medicine). Yet, with all, this Paez was a mere savage ; he knew nothing of the theory of war; all he could do was to &laughter, and excite others to slay by mere personal example. He would fight until he fell from his hone in a state of exhaustion, and go into a kind of hyeteric, which was peculiar to him; when, hie friends conceiving it dangeroue to touch him, he was left to foam and struggle during the paroxysm. His accomplishments con sisted in being able to speak Spanish, with the alight corruption which that language has suf fered in Sooth America; he could say, by rote, the Paternoster, and utter a few oaths in broken English. Behold the eft'ects of education An English ofticer, on whom Paez doted, with that real friendVOL. II.

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194 W A.RlfBR ARUlfDBLL : ship which fears not to tell unpleasant truths, informed Paez that he was, with all his braTery, a mere baTbarian, and that he would remain one until civilised by letten, when he would become a trnly great man. Amid the privations, toils, and alarms, of a te1Tible war of extermination, did Paez, under the direction of his Engl.db friend, learn the alphabet. Middle-aged as be was, he acquired knowledge with extraordinary rapidity ; and he is now a man of respeetable attainments. He has been prelident of Colom bia; which situation he has filled with honour to himself, and advantage to his country. He nites bis own despatches, but bis secretary cor rects a word or two here and there ; he speaks to the congreae fluently, sensibly, and, at times, eloquently. In short, Jose Antonio Paez, who, but a few yean ago, waa a mere ferocious par tisan, is now a politician and an accomplisbed statesman Twice has his moderatioo and pa triotism saved Colombia from the horrors ol a civil war I also became acquainted with Santiago Marino, who was, perhaps, the beet strata.gist in the Columbian service. His eaptnre of Gaeria with a handful of men from Trinidad-his de stroying a whole division of the Spanish army, by manceuvriog to get to windward of tltem,

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TBB ADVJl:tn'UBBS OP A CRBOLB. 196 and theq setting fire to the savanna-might do honour to a better soldier than was supposed to have been engaged in this war. But he was haunted by a demon, which often besets the South American creole: that fiend is-gaming. We marched up the Guaripiehi, along the magnificent savanna which spreads from the Oronoco to the Brigenteen mountaios. Far as the eye could reach, one immense and apparently boundlesa plain extended nntil it was lost in the horizon : all around, the verdure of pasture melted into the circling ether, presenting to the eye the Ta&tness of the ocean, without its mono tony. Here and there a river wound through this vast B&vanna, whose meandere might be traced by the forests which flanked its banks ; while in other places arose groves of the gigantic trees of the tropics, which, in the dittaoce, shew ed like green islands elevated out of the ocean like pasture. Flocks of wild honies, although thinned by the war, were yet visible, each troop under the command of two or three noble stal lions. But the mares outnumbered the males, by one hundred to one ; for the latter are 10 vicious as to destroy all the rivala they can muter. Moat of the females were followed by a beautiful foal or two. All the flocks were of one colour, a brown bay: they approached our out-

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196 'W'A.R1'BR A.RUNDBLL: posts, wildly at us, sniffed the air; and, at the neigh of one of their commanders, they set off at fuJl gallop, occuionally flinging their hind heels in the air, as if in defiance of us. We also met several immenl'e herds of wild deer, sporting over the glorious plains. Here was a beautiful country! Providence intended it as a paradise man made it a hell We approached Maturin. The siege was abandoned, and the garrison made an unsuCCE'99-fal aortit on the retl'eating Royalists. But, al though t.he people of Matorin were beaten back into the town and half dismantled fort, they aided Bolivar ; and, but for this sally, the Spaniards would have effected their retreat in good order, without coming to an engagement. Finding they could not do this, they formed in line as the patriots advanced, and a distant can nonading eommenoed as the two divisions ap proached I was on horseback on a little eminence, so that I was enabled to command a view of the aft'air. Both parties were formed in one line-, without having any reserve. We had eightsmall piecea, the enemy se-ren; but theirs were of larger calibre. In this affair, as well u moet of the engagements that happened, until the laat year or two of the war, ammunition was searoe.

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TUB ADVBJITURB8 01' .A. C&BOLE. )97 We had the numerical advantage iu cavalry; but tbe Spaniab troops were rather better armed. Both cavalries were mouuted on native horses. In general the Spanish troops ued the sabre, and &he creole the I saw the two line& flanked by their reapective cavalry, slowly advancing, cannonading each other. Three of our pieces were well served by English gunners, and they produced a visible eft"ect on the enemy' line ; the other four were worked by creoles, and their fire wu a wute of ammunition. The Spanish guDS produced little better effect on our line. Aa they advanced within maaket-ahot of ua, I could perceive a body of Maturinans sally forth cautiously in their rear, to take advantage of any dieaater that might happen to the Royalista. This obliged the latter to despatch. a part of their cavalry to keep them ia check, or they would have been attacked in the rear. Both parties halted within about one bandred and thirv yards of each other. as if by mutual consent, and each line 6red a volley of musketry. I saw the flash, and clouds of smoke of both lines, and perceived men fall on either side. Before I heard the reports, they again loaded, and, at double quick time, advanced. halted within twenty yards, and again each party discharged an irregular, but well-directed volley. I

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)98 'WARMBR ABU!l'DBLL: Before the smoke blew oft", both Jines rushed together, both were broken and miog1ed, and all were fighting with the naked steel ; the Spaniards using the awkward bayonet, the creoles, the less warlike, bot more dexterous matcheti, having Rong away their muskets. The cavalry, on both sides, engaged with mutual slaughter, but out producing any decided eff'eet. The infantry displayed little discipline; but no soldiers could fight with more fury, or rather animosity. The general melee of infantry lasted about ten minutes. The Royalists gave way; but, their cavalry coming to their re1ief, the insurgents could not pursue them, although they remained masters of the field. Again, our troop charged the Spaniah horse with little success: however, this charge enabled our line to re-form and re-arm itself with the muskets which they had diecarded while the enemy retreated behind its cavalry; and, by a rather confused attempt at an eckellon mevement, gained a wood a little to the left. The insurgents had captured two guns. Again the Patriots adnnced, apparently to dislodge the Royalists from the wood ; but, on receiving and returning an irregular fire, they In the line the bayonet is a tremendous weapon; but it i1 u awkward in1trumeot in a tingle combat, being purely oll'eosin, ud nry un"ieldy j

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TB'B ADVDT17RBS OP -' CRBOLE. 199 aeemed to be thrown into confusion, and formed behind their cavalry. The Royalist hor&e now charged oun, and were repulsed ; when a cry of Viva la patrial" was beard in the woodl, which made the SpaDiah dragoons retreat in gft!&l dis order, followed by the insurgent cavalry. The fact was, on the appearance of the partisans from Maturin, the brave Paez, at the head of his mounted guerillas, made a long detour, in order to join them, unperceived by the enemy. This junction he could not effect; but he got into the, IDl&ll wood, where he dismounted his troops, until he perceived the Spaniards take up a posi tion at its entrance. He now mounted, and made one of his furious charges on the enemy. The Spaniards were taken by eurpriae; and, before their own cavalry could come to their relief, the1 had fled in all directions. They were followed by Paa, who cut down great numbers of them. Some attempted to seek refuge in the town, bot the MatoriD&DI formed beyond the suburbs, and cut them to pieces. Five of the Spanish guns were captured, and the greatest part of the baggage fell into our hands. The Patriots, headed by Paez, punned the enemy until night. Thie affair decided the fate of Maturio. We entered it ae victors, or rather ae deliverers. It

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20() Y ABND ABtTNDBLL: had long been defended by it& inhabitant., bat was on the point of yielding when Bolivar ar rived with relief. A body of women had fought in one of the forts, hence eaUed El forti.nlo
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TBB .&.DVB1'TURB8 OP.&. CUOLB. 201 the Cachupins I My houee is destroyed ; my boeband was murdered in his hammock; and now, my two boys, whom I blessed, and bade go forth and revenge their father's death, have boda fallen Holiest mother of Heaven, I am now a frieodlese outcast !" She wiped her eyes with her black and dithevelled locks. When she again looked up, and beheld the Spanish and creole linee mixed, she shouted 88 loud 88 though she wished to be heard by her countrymen,-" Fight on, brave patriots fight for vengeance! fight to revenge Maria Gonzales, whom the Spaniards have robbed of house, home, huebud, and children The execrati?D of the houeeleae wretch,the malediction of the widow of a murdered man, -the curse of the childless mother, on the d88tard who turns his back on the bloodho11nd tlaves of Ferdinand !" How this woman could perceive her sons fall (for fall they both did) is to me astonishing, conlidering the distance she was from the lines, and the confusion and smoke which existed. I can not 1uppoee she merely g11essed these events ; and yet it seems all but impossible that the human vision, quickened as it was by the love of a mother for her sons, could have discerned the x2

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20"2 W A.RXBR A.RUNDELL : fall .of two particular men, at 1Uch a distance, and under such circumstances. At night, I was going over the fteld to render what professional &88istance I could to the groaning wounded. The foll moon had ri8eo over the little wood. near the field of battle, OD the branches of which perched a thousand vol tores, in order to be ready for their horrid breakfast the next day. Again I perceived the wretched Maria Gonzales, crouching, in a manner peculiar to people of the New World, her thighs doubled, as it were, on the calves of her legs, and the whole weight of her frame on her heels. She held up the body of one of her sons who was slain, while her bead drooped over the shoulder of the corpse. Touched with this pitiable sight, I held a lantern that I carried to see if there was yet hopes of recovl!ring him ; but he was dead. The poor mother looked up, with utter despair, and said," He is dead! My brave boys, my poor children, must feed the vultures A groan near us startled the Meetija : she shot a glance around, and, perceiving it came from a wounded Spaniard, she started on her feet, exclaiming,-

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TBB. ADVBlfTtJBBS OP .A. CBBOLB, 203 The curse of the widow on you and your country!'' She caught up a part of a broken musket, and, with one vengeful blow, put the Spaniard beyond his misery.

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W ARRZB &BURDELL : CHAPTER XI. We are bot warriors (or a 1"11'kiog-day: Our gayaeu and oor guilt are With rainy marching in the painful 6eld. And time bath worn ua into 1lonary ." I w AS now fairly embarked in the cause of South America. I led a wandering life, generally seven or eight hours a-day on horseback ; and the rest of my time was chiefty employed in the arduoua duties of my profession. My quarters were in the forests which border the Oronoco, in the great plains of Guiana, the mountains which branch off the main chain of the Andes, and terminate on the shores of the Carribean Sea, or on the rich savannas of V areonee ; watered by the A pure, the Arauca, the Meta, and a hun dred other rivers, which, although noble etreams, are mere tributaries to the monarch -flood -the Oronoco. Often, in the unrecorded skirmishes and

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TRB AIJVSrrtJIUIS OP .A. CREOLB. !Of) tauJee which took place in 18J7 and 1818, in Colombia, was I obliged to join in the fight in self-defence : sometimes when the party to which I was attached was attempted to be sur priled; ud ofteo have I acted as a volunteer. These afFairs were too. numerous, and had too much aamenees,-and, I regret being obliged to add, were marked by too many deeds of horror ,-for me to relate. I cannot reflect on the see.ies through which I passed at this period of my life with pleasure, nor can I describe them without pain. I shall, therefore, spare the reader, aa well as myself, the misery of the recital; but will merely give a slight sketch of the insurgent army. Nothing eould be more picturesque than the appearance of the Columbian troops; and, in one 1ease, nothing Iese military. The men were dreeeed in all the various habiliments of the Eaglish, French, and Spanish armies ; and many had the undress of the aboriginal Indians. One would have a British artilleryman's coat, orna mented with French worsted epaulettes; a Span ilh &&Sh, a caalry helmet, and blue Pennistown trousers, such as are worn by the negroes in the West Indies. Another would wear a blue sur tout, minus collar and skirts ; an old staff cocked-

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206 W' ABBD A8Vl'fDBLL : hat, which bore the marks of former epleadoar -the tarnished gilt lace aeemed The poor remains of beauty once admired i" while hie lower man bore no other habilllneat than the Indian gtliacou. Their anns were as vario as their wai.form, if uniforms they could be called that uniform were not. We had muskets of all European nationa,-musketooDB, rifles, fowling-pieces, cara bines, and bhmderbuues ; Indian bows and arrows of all sius, from the aix-feei bow of the Caraibe to the two-feet bow of the Cboea Indian. The latter generally was used to shoot poiloned arrows, marehetis, and even hard wood. Indian clubs were often resorted to; and I have eeen men, armed witb these sharp and beery clabe, do terrible execution in close encounters. The colour of oar soldiers included all complaiom and intermixture of European, Indian, and African races. The most efrectiTe troops of the Patriots were their cavalry, mounted on the bard1 horses of the Savanna. They were geuerally furnished with matchetia, and sometimes with A piece ot cloth or lather, ot about mur mcbM h1 ill extent, ornamented with bead1, &c. The guiacola ii tbe lllll dre11 ot the South America IlllUall.

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TBB ADVBllTVaa 01' A ORBOLB. '}ff/ eabres. Pistole were often given to the uoopa; but seldom carried, and eeldomer used. Their favourite weapon was a lance of about eight feet in length : this was handled in various ways ; aometimes with one l1and, but often with both. It was but rarely thrown. Some had carabines, bot the South American cavalry preferred the blunderbuss to all kinds of ire-arms. This they uaed to load with slugs. The dreeees of the savanna cavalry were truly of primitive cut, consisting in general of what they called a poncho ; i.e. a blanket, with a bole in the middle through which the head was admitted : this waa tied round the middle with a .luolian, or wild vine. Some of these ponchos were more elegant, being made of coarse blue cloth, and lined with red or yellow ftanne], while some of the chiefs indulged in the luxury of drawers and check shirts. During the heat of the day, these ponchos were taken otf, and placecJ between the saddle and the rider, and at night they did duty for blankets. Their saddles were of wood, wade in the Spanish fashion, high be Morillo wu dangeroaaly wounded with a luce, thrown at him while he WBI in the centre ofa hollow square So duteroua were the Patriots in the use of the luce, that the Sp11Diard1 uaed t? say, Por Ull& !aoza una b'1a" (a lance can only be oppoeed bJ a ball.)

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t()8 WA.RMB& A.&UlfDBLL: hind and before, such u we eee in the old C.U tilian editions of Don Quixote ; they were, however, COTered with the undressed hidee of the eavanna cattle. Their reins were of the eame materials; but they had bits of such power, that, with ease, they could atop their halt hroke in hones amid their moet furious career, and throw the animals back on their haunches. A chinchorin, or net-work hammock, made ot the bark of certain trees, and a parcel of tasajo (smoked beef), were generally fastened behind the saddle. Such was the appearance of these Tartan of the eavanna. As regular troops, they co11ld not have etood against European caYalry; but as partisans, the Spaniards, to their cost, found them truly terrific. Of the British auxiliaries of thia period, I regret that, in general, I canoot speak favourably. They were too much like the passengers of the Saucy Jack, and were perpetually complaining of the iooonveniencies of their 1tations. Most were profeued gamblers; and in no situationeonld that interesting claea of English (the gamblers) be placed, in which they had greater scope to in dulge their amiable peculiarities, than in the insurgent army. Most of them had come to Columbia in full expectation of finding it a land, not of milk and

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TBB ADVBHURBS 01' A ca&OLB. 209 honey, but o( gold and silver; where there woulcl be litde fighting, much pay, and immense pbmder. They found bard fare, hard fighting, no pay, aod but little plunder. They seemed not displeased at the continued recurrence of hard blows; on the contrary, as if the enemy did DOi al'onJ them enough, they were perpetually u:ereiaing their pugnacioua prope!Llities upon each other. Exceptiooa must be made to the above 8Weep ing cenaure. When, at a later period, eo mau1 British joiu.ed the Patriots that they were en abled to ac& ia a body, they shewed the 8paoiarde the mettle of their pasture. When the Britieh legion waa actiag, not aa mere parti18111, bu.t in pitched battles, it wu the terror of the Spaniards. Tlae division of Colonel Farrier, in 1821, at Caribobo, retrievtd the day, and fully proved that they were of the aame materiala wbieh l>rmed the aquaret of infantry at Waterloo, agaiut which &he eavalry of France spent their' fury W Yaia. But ia 1817, many of the Patriots were so anuoyed by the reiterated complaints, and per petul duele of the British, that they used to say, '11 the English were good for, wu to fight amongst themaelves. However, Paez, no bad judge of the qualities of warriors, wu of an opposite opinion. He became so attached to the

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2}() W AlUrBR .ARUlfDBl.L : British, that, for months together, the Eoglieh language was the only one which be would condescend to curse and swear in. He would about, while leading on hie Llanaroe, Avanea.r, muehacoe l God dim my ey.e I Mueron los Caehupinoa; the bloody devils I" &c. &cc. When be uttered these and similar expreeeiona in battle, Heaven might have mercy on the eouls of the Spaniards which came within reach of his lance or sabre, .Or Jose Ant.onio Pees had none on their bodies. The want of a commiuariat wu. teverely feh by the insurgents. Owing to unneeeuary W'8Ste at one period, for weeks together we were eon atrained to live on smoked and fresh beef, a particle of salt, bread, vegetable food. I remember once, on the Upper Oronoco, a mule teer arrived in oar camp with two animals loaded with bags of aalt: every haD.dful of this was literally sold for an ounce of gold, er a pound weight of silver. A doubloon, or sixi2ea dollars. was actually paid for the p1ivilege of dipping the hand into one of the bags of salt and taking out as much aa the hand could oontain. After the rapid and advantageous sale of his the muleteer commenced drinking gurapo, and A fermented liquor, often made of cane-juice aod pm.. pp lee.

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TBB ADVSlfTl1BU OP A CRBOLB. 2J 1 gambling with eome Samboe and negruee ; until, heated with drink and gaming, the party fell to quarrelling, and he was killed that night with a poniard. There was no coroner's inquest held on his body, nor any judicial inquiry made u to what became of his doubloons and dollars. After a time, we became somewhat reconciled to our carnivoroua mode of living ; but the privations or our army were often extreme. I recollect ooee making a long march, in the height of the dry season, acrou the savanna, near Tabasco. We were dreadfully in want or water, until we approached a clear epring of this neceuary ele ment. Impelled by thirst, we hurried towards the water, when, to our vexation, we perceived a party of the enemy making towards the spring in an opposite direction. We had with us a number of women and children ; but the passion for drink (for appetite it waa not) overcame the fear of death. The women and children ruahed before ua, while the men prepared for battle. The former approached the spring, while the Span iards nred on those famishing and defenceless ereaturee. We returned their compliment. After a few random shots, by which eeveral poor females and two children fell, the ammunition of both parties were expended : we mutually rmihed for ward, and met at the spring. Here a deadly

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.. 212 YAR!f8R ABUlfJ>BLL: struggle took plaee, in which I mixed, and was tDrtunate enough to cut down the commanding of&cer of the Spanilh party : yet, while the men bight, the children ran between their legs, and took haaty draughts or water with their little hands. I even observed that some of' t&e Patriots etooped, and, while with their right bands they warded othhe blows ol the enemy, they.employed daeir left in dipping them in the stream, and JDCNst. eniDg their parehed lipe. At lengtli tile enemy, fewer in aumbers than we, and, under the influence of unsupportable thirst, were beaten and driven ftom this .&el, or spring or contention. I wae now about to drink, but turned from the water with loathing, oo accomat of its bearing tJae guilty colour o( the late a&ray ; btit the women dtank, exclaiming, ".&ta aloe 0011 la aangre del eJSm1igo." I relate this anec dote not through a love of the horrible, but beoauae it may give those who love to eit quietly, surrounded by the comforts of happy peaceable &gland, and read of. battles, eome idea of the war of independence. The rancorous leelingw oC the belligerents made it truly a gunw a --taW'&I' to the death. Our stock of medieinee was aoon exhauted. 'It i1 eweet witll the blood ofdae ."

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TBB .ADVlllfTU8118 O .A CBEOLB. 213 This WU or Iese comequence in Sooth America perhaps, it would have been in any other country, on accoant of the abundance of Yegetable medicines which that country produces. But little of my at'8ntion was taken up u a physician : 1DOlt of my profesliooaJ labour wu required for the CW'e of the wounded. Contrary to the prac tice of most military surgeons, I found the num ber of gun-shot wounds bore no proportion to those inftided by ateel. This could be accounted for by the scarcity of ammunition to which I before alluded, and which gave this war of exter mination a peculiar character. On one oecasion, while I was dressing the wounded at the house of a desolated cocoa est.ate at Curupano, I remarked that the few goo-shot wounds I was treating turned out much worse than I had reason, from their nature, to antici ; hence, I began to suspect that the bullets with. which ihoee wounds were inflicted, were poisoned. I told my suspicion to a Sambo co lonel, who was standiag near me. He asked me if I thought the poison used on thia occasion was the Indian bane. I replied, I supposed not, becaoee that poison caused death a few minutes after it miagled with the blood; while the poison that I suspected waa used, only aggravated &he wound, and rendered it more dangeJ'ous, although

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214 W ARNBR .1.RU'BDBLJ. : I could not say bow much the effects or the Indian poL<10n might be modified by the beat which the lead acquired in being discharged. On the whole, judging from the appeannee of some bullets I bad extracted, and woanda I dres& ed, I judged that it was mineral poison which the enemy used. Can yoq not poison our aeiior doc tor ? said the Sambo. I replied, that it was my doty to heal, and not to poison. And yet," replied the colonel, I hae seen that. you can kill as well u cure You possess the character of a troublesome Cello to the Cachopins with your pistols. I mr.self saw you bring down two in one day on the Apore." But, eeiior," I rejoined, 1 acted, in the excitement of battle, as a volunteer and a soldier. I cannot abuse my art aa a surgeonwhich is one of humanity-by turning poiaoner." The Sambo could not understand my reaeon ing. He said, that he thought it no worse to destroy an enemy by poison than by steel or gunpowder, after the enemy had set ua so bad an example as to have recoune to eo dastardly a method. He declared his determination to steep all the balls used by the regiment in curari, or Indian poiaon. I believe he kept his word.

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TBB .lDVDTU8B8 OJ' A. CBBOLB. 216 This Sambo was the famous, and, aubaequent ly, the infamous Cutillo, who, many years posterior to this, attempted a counter-revolution in Columbia. The hat.red evinced by the South Americans to priests was surprising, considering they are eo superstitious that they lately, in one province, anathematised and excommunicated the mos quitoes; but it was easily accounted for, by re eollecting that the priests were all determined and, most of them, eanguinary Royalists. Many of them, not satisfied with preaching against the revolution, took up arms and furiooaly fought for Ferdinand. Seldom were they known to shew or entreat for mercy to a prisoner; and, on the other band, when any of those warrior priests fell into the hands of the insurgents, they were butchered without mercy. An Andalusian Capuchin, called Padre Andres, but better known by the nom de gurre of Barba Negro, or Black Beard, used to boast that he was invulnerable to the balls of the insurgents. .He, perhape, believed this himself, and his many and wonderful escapes from battle, and the way he need to espoee hi1118elf with impunity, impressed many of the insurgents with a belief.that he wore a charmed life. He used to wrap his cloak round his arm by way of shield, raab forward

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1" .lBll'R .lBUlfDSLL : into the lines or the republieans, and, with his heavy toledo apadi.1&, deal death and tenor around him. Some thought him the devil; the Royalists thought him a saint. At length, Barba Negro's career waa cut short by Schmeder, my German fellow-paaeenger. Having heard that the priest was innlnerable, he resolved to try the effects of hie carabine on him. He sought him long ; and, at length, discovered his black beard streaming like a meteor on the troubled air. He took a good aim, and shot the priest through the head. The Capuchin," said Schmeder, could not resist a ball fired from the carabine of a heretic." Those of the South Americans who beard this, doubted not that be would be damned ; bot, at the eeme time, they admitted he was a good shot. Spqilh inrord.

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TBB ADVBllTURBS OP A CRBOLB, 217 CHAPTER XU. Je crua que la eiir& d dnniera amoun, cette rierg. qu'on eDYoie au priloaaier de guerre pour -iaanter 1a tombe; dUl8 ceue penuaaion je lui dia, en balbutiant, el t.Yec un trouble qui, pvtant, ne Yenoit paa de la crainte du bQcber, Vierge YOlll etel digne dee premierea amour1, et YOUI n'ete1 pa &lite pour lea denderea.' FoaTUNB now set in full tide against the repub licans. Morillo carried every thing before him. Victory after victory crowned his efforts. He had in Columbia alone nine thousand Spaniards, and four thousand native troops, and a vast number of Canary Island men, wboee devotion to Ferdinand was boundless. Morillo's rage for extermination was without limit ; it increased with his power to do mischief: while the in surgents were disputing and disagreeing amongst themselves, dispirited by repeated disasters, un paid, badly armed, worse clad, and depending entirely on the wild cattle of the savannas for VOL. II. L

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218 WARK BR AR UK DELL : food. They had lost all the strong foriresaes on the Caribbean Sea, and held po&Se98ion of no thing but the natural fastnesses of the Oronoco, and the unconquerable island of Margarita, which should be as sacrecl in the eyes of the S.outh American patriot as Thermopyle was to the Greeks. Despair alone held the bulk of the army together; but it was the despair of bravery, which preferred death on the battle field to death on the scaft'old. The chiefs were undaunted. The brave Libratador, the inde fatigable Paez, the Spartan Arismendi, the skil ful Marino, the daring Sublett, and the furious Monagos, now broke up their regular army, and commenced a system of guerilla warfare, which allowed the Royalists no rest, and which, after many months of bard fighting, ruined their anny. My situation during this guerilla war wu any thing but agreeable. As a volunteer, and as a surgeon, I had gained much approbation, but little or no pay. My well-provided chests were at flrst plundered, and then lost, together with a part of my instruments : the drea I wore was the only one I possessed, save one "hich I had stripped from the body of a Spanish officer, whom I killed in a skirmish at Rio Carribe&. One of theee dresses I used occaaionally to get

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THE .A.DVBKTURBS 011' A ORBOLB. 219 washed by some of the unhappy females who followed the camp, for the poor protection it afforded. Many of these bad been educated as ladies, reared in the lap of luxury, and bad been the bella of Venezuela ; for no fault of theirs they were now doomed to be the wretched de pendants on our wild army. Theae poor women willingly performed the most menial offices for any one who would share with them such miser. able rations as we obtained. Such was the con sequence of the crimes of Spain-crimes, in this respect, unlike those of the first ravagers of the New World, for they were com01itted in vain. One night, after a bard day's ride, I arrived at a poet far up the Oronoco, which waa maoded by one Colonel Penaogo. Here wa1 a party destined to attack the enemy, who were encamped at the mission of Alta Gracia ; but, unfortunately,"we had that day captured from the enemy a qnantity offiery Spanish wine, which the colonel injudiciously allowed his troops to drink. The eft"ecte of this imprudence soon became Tisible : several quarrels took place ; the colonel interfered, and an Indian, of the tribe called Y aruros, struck him. Had he slain the man on the spot, or bad him tried by such courts-martial as were used in tbe insurgent camp, the matter would have blown over; boi; unfortnawly, Penango

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WARMBB ARUlfDBLL: bad seen the way in which the British auxiliaries treated men guilty of insubordination, by appeal ing to their feelings with the aid of a cat-o' nine-tails, and was determined to introduce the practice of flogging amongst his partisans;.. with out recollecting that, the naked Indian being two thom1and years in civilisation behind the moden1 English, the former could not appreciate the beneficial effects of the said cat, with its un natural number of tails. We all know that in the British army flogging is absolutely necessa" for the maintenance of its morality and dis cipline; or, if we know it not, it is not for want of being told ; bnt savages conceive that flog ging is fit only for dogs and slaves: hence the whole of the Yaruros in our camp vowed revenge for the insult offered to one of their tribe. Pe nango bad marched to surprise Boves ; but, en camping during his march, Pore, the chief of the Yaruros, sent a message to the Spaniards, in forming them of the expedition under Penango, and advising them to attack the insurgents in the night, when the Y aruros would rise on the Patriots, and assist the Spaniards. In pursuance The last Maroon war in Jamaica, in 1795-6, trbieb hpt, for eighteen montb1, that ialand in a atate oC alarm, end cost one million sterling, arose from llogging two ltlll!'OODI. Hiii tb .. y been shot, their comrades would not hue noticed it.

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TBB ADVENTURES Oi' A. CREOLE. 221 of this advise, Boves despatched one Colonel Borero, and one hundred and fifty men, to sur prise Penango. The Spaniards did not arrive until half-past four in the morning, by which time the Indian traitors had given over all hopes of an attack that night, and were asleep, when the Spaniards shot the sentinel and attacked the Patriots. The Indians rose from their sleep; but, in the confusion and darkness, knew not one person from another : they rushed on the Royal ists and insurgents, each fighting the first be met. All waa confusion ; and it so happened that most of the Patriots effected their escape. More of the Spaniards fell ; but of the treacher ous Yarnros scarcely one survived the night at tack ; for the Royalists, observing several of the Indians fight lloa'&.inst them, conceived they were betrayed, and turned on the Yaruros, who ob tained the reward of their treason. The whole affair was badly conducted by all parties. But I must relate my share in this trans action. I had, the previous night, arrived in Penango's camp, much fatigued, having that day fairly knocked up two hardy horses, having been three times attacked by skirmishers, and having swam five wide streams, before I tasted any other food than tasajo and some water. I fouod in the camp plenty of provision, which

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22'2 'WARKBR ARU1'DBLL: had been taken from the Spaniards. I supped very heartily, and drank much more strong wine than I was accustomed to take ; bnt I stopped short of intoxication. I tethered my weary hone under a tree, and, with my hammock, ascended its trunk. Having tied this to two branches, I got in, but in vain essayed to sleep ; being hin dered therefrom either by e:ii:cessive fatigue, or by having taken too intemperate a meal, or by both circumstances combined. I pa.seed rather a feverish night. At length I recoJlected having about my person a small wellsecured phial of laudanum, which I was in the habit of carrying lYith me, in order to drop a very small quantity into the very bad water I was sometimes neces sitated to drink in the savannas. I applied to this somniferic, aud soon felt its effects : I fell first into an uneasy state of confused dreams, and finally into a heavy sleep ; hence, when the camp below was attacked, I knew nothing of the circumstance, although I recollect dreaming of having been in a battle. The Patriots having at length been driven from the camp, day opened, and the Spaniards were masters of the dear-bought field. One per ceived my suspended bed, and pointed me out to bis comrades. Instantly a vulley of muket baJls came rattling about my leafy chamber.

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TBB ADVBSTURBS OP A CRBOLB. 223 None hit me, but one cut the cord of my ham mock. Down I fell, fortunately feet foremoet. I plunged from branch to branch in a state of insensibility, until I alighted on a bearded Span iard one of those who had sworn never to shave until Ferdinand was restored to hie do miniona in Venezuela. This man s neck broke my lall, but my fall broke hie neck. I was stunned with the tumble ; and, when I came to my senses, I found myself tightly bound, and in costody of two Catalonian soldiers. They told me not to stir, for my life, until their colonel came. This pel'80nage soon approached me : he was a little dark Andalusian. He ordered me to rise ; I did so. He looked sternly at me, and asked what rank I held in the iasurgent army. I told him I asked," said the because, ammunition being ecarce, his excellency baa or dered us to sabre every man below the rank of captain. To those of or above that rank, we give a musket-ball." A pretty dilemma I am in thought I. But," continued the colonel, General Mo rillo Mid nothing about barber-surgeons ; and I know not what rank they hold. However, I suppose I must compound matters with you, and

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224 WARNBR ARUNDBLL: gin you a pistol-ball. What would you advise us to do, sefior doctor 1" My advice to you," replied I, is, that you treat me as all civilised nations treat prisoners of war." Modest and disinterested advice this, CtJMa rade; but what good should we get by follow ing it?" "Why, colonel, General Bolivar might be induced to treat one of yoor party, whom the fortune of war may place in his power, after a similar humane manner. Besides this good, you might avoid some evil. I am a British subject ; and, should you kill me in cold blood, it might get to the ears of my nation, and induce them to look with little favour on your cause." Ferdinand the Beloved cares not for your nation, nor all the nations of the earth united. God gave the New World to Spain, and we will subdue its rebellious sons, Wo betide the king who interferes to aid the rebels we will hurl him from his throne, as we hurled Napoleon from his usurped seat. But, I must say, I respect the English : they rendered the victorious Span iards some service in one battle that I saw. Thia took place at Salamanca.'' All this was very modest, considering that at

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TBB A.DVBNTURB8 OP A. ORBOLB. 226 Salamanca the losa of the Spaniards, in killed, wounded, and mi11&ing, was four men, thooght I. The little colonel continued," But what right have you to claim con sideration as an Englishman, after being taken in the camp of the rebels?" "'here," added I, I was exercising my humane profession as a surgeon." He who assists insurgents with his skill in medicine eqoally deserves death with him who aids them in battle. What right had you to join South American rebels, who wish to rob King Ferdinand of his colonies 1 About the same right that your country men had to assist North American rebels, who wished to rob King George of M.1 colonies. Your nation, senor, aided the people of the United States to throw oft' their dependence on Great Britain. During the war in North America many Spaniards were taken by the English, but no one was slaughtered in cold blood." Ay," said the Spaniard; but our king declared open war against yours, and, as always was and ever will be the case, Spain triumphed in war. We liberated the North Americans, and now the ungrateful viJlains are selling arms and ammunition to the rebels of Venezuela. The North Americans were rebels, until our king L 2

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226 WARN BR ARUNDBLL: pleued to proclaim them a nation. When that was the case they were no longer insurgents, bot became a people, at war with England, and Spain became their allies ; so that it was neeeseary to treat all persons taken on both sides u prisoners of war. But you do not join one people at war with another; you join a parcel of creole banditti, and must pay the t'orfeit of your own act. I am sure you can have nothing reasonable to urge against my arguments, because I know that I am rigbt, and that yoa are in the wrong ; so there need po more be said about the matter. Here, Francisco, load your pistol. Kneel, Englishman: take this hand kerchief as a bandage." I can look death in the face, senor, there fore want no bandage. Here three doubloons I have about me; you may as well have them as another. Will you be pleased to grant me but five minutes for prayer, before I quit thi1 world?" The English heretics are always generous," the Andalusian, looking at the coins ; but I never knew that they prayed before. However, teu minutes shall be yours." I knelt to pray, and a cold perspil'lltion ran from my forehead. In a moment, all I ever did of good or evil crowded on my memory. My

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TBB 4DVBlfTlJBBI OP A CRBOLB. 227 thoughts, despite myself, wandered from devo tion. At one time I looked at the noble scenery by which I was sarrounded, and recollected that in a few minutes my mortal eyes would shut on it for ever. I glanced at my own pel'80n, and remembered that, in a few hours, it would be festering in the equinoctial sun, the prey of tigers and vultures. At length I ceased altogether to pray, on hearing the following dialogue :" Colonel, for the love of the Holy Mother of God, save that Englishman Why so, Captain Raymond ?" He saved my life.'' How did that happen 1 Captain Raymond, a creole Royalist, now told the Andalusian that, after a skirmish at Ba rancoe, I found him on the field, wounded and faint from loss of blood; that I dressed his wound, carried him to a copse which lies beside the village of Barancos and the Oronoco, and there supplied him with a small quantity of proV1810D. After many days' hiding about, he ai length rejoined the Royalist army. Yoo know," said Borero, "that it is our general's orders to give no quarter; and, ac cording to the Priest Diego, it is a soldier's duty to obey, should his general order him to commit the seven deadly 1ins; because, in that case, the

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228 W' A&KB& A&USD&LL: soul of the general, and not that of his ofticer, would have to pay for it in purgatory. NeTer theless, it is a pity to shoot so fine a young man, especially after haring saved your life. He is as generous as his countrymen usually are: do you know, the p<>Or devil gave me three doub loons immediately after I ordered him to be shot! and what renders this act the more meritqrioos is this, I never should have thought of having him searched for money. He is not altogether destitute of religion, because he just now asked to be allowed to pray; although he must know that, being a heretic, die when he will he is sure to go to perdition. However, all I can venture to do is to conduct him to tbe head quarters of Bovee, and leave him for that general's consideration. He may be saved in this world, although he is certain of being damned in the next. You had better interest Padre Salomon and Sefioritta Ximines in his behalf, as they are always for saving prisoners. Captain Raymond, I leave this prisoner in your charge, while I go to give orders to Sergeant Perez to search the dead rebels; perhaps they may have doubloons about them as well as this Englishman, and it is necessary for the kiug's service that I take possession of them."

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TBB ADVBMTUR:U OP A CRBOLB. 229 Saying this, the Andalusian went to speak to his sergeant. I now rose and grasped the hand of the grateful Raymond, for I fully felt the obligation I owed him for bis rescuing me from immediate destruction. When maddened by the excitement of battle, I feared death no more than one might who was conscious he pouessed a hundred lives, but no soul ; yet, when I was no longer dazzled by the false glory of war, but had calmly to look on the king of terrors, I felt the awful truth,namely, that I was unfit to die. Through life, I had thought more of conducting myself as a gentleman than as a Christian ; I meditated much on the laws of honour, but little on the laws of God. SeYeral of the Spaniards being wounded, I voluateered to dress them. Both the colonel and Raymond were pleased with my proposition ; to aid which. my instruments were found and brought me. Some refused to be dressed by an insurgent, lest I should purposely treat them un1kilfully ; but, when informed I was an English man, they all gladly to my operations, saying, the English were not assassins. I was nearly two hours prof'euionally em ployed, and the wounded were carried into three canoes, to be rowed up the Oronoco.

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230 W ARBR AllUDBLL : After partaking ofa breakf'ut oCaripa (Indian eom bread) and smoked we eet out on ou man:h to Alta Gracia. A eergeant wu about to tie my bands, when Raymond again intertered, and forbade this, saying be would be responsible for my CUlltody. The colonel aaid, if I would give my honour not to escape. be would allow me to ride a mule. I acceded to this, but said, that if any aUempt was made by the insurgent.a during our march to rescue me, I would be merely passive ; and, if they succeeded in the attempt, and I got back safely to the army or Bolivv, I would procure the liberation of &0me Royalist priaoner of my own rank. I admire your eandour," said the colonel; but, should any attempt be made on us during our march, I will order two of my men to blow out your brains." With this amicable undenstanding, we COID menced our march. 'fhis was conducted in 80 irregular a manner, that 1 half regretted giving my honour not to escape; for, even bad I been bound, it would have taken less talent tlaaa Vidocq posseased to have given my coodncton the slip; but when I recollected that, by so doing, l should compromise the grateful Raymond, I thought it infamous to attempt to escape, even had I not given my honour not to do thia.

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TBB .lDVBNTURES OP .l C&BOLB. 231 I observed that the Royalist troops were less ragged than the Patriots ; but those by which I was surrounded might have se"ed George Cruikshank as studies for Falstaff's regiment, save that they looked rather too oulre. After a hot march of three leagues, we came to a halt. All the party, sentinels included, took. a regular siesta ; in a few minutes they were 'all nodding,' and some snoring. Oh, how I wished for a party to rescue me! but, I suppose, the Pat.riots, about this hour, were also taking their nap. About five o'clock we again set out; and, after marching about half-a-mile, we came to a poet of the Royalists. Here we crossed to the right bank of the Oronoco in several large canoes; and, after a short march, we arrived at the head-quarters of General Bovee, at a mis sion called Alta Gracia. I was instantly lodged in a large thatched building, which was dignified with the title of Casa del Rey (the king's house.) I was well secured, by having my right leg and hand chained : these chains were fastened to a thick iron bar, within a foot of the unfloored ground; I, however, was able to stand, sit, or lie dotrn. Scarcely was I fastened before I heard a gruff voice exclaim, In with you, dog of a Hollander! and two men dragged io a well

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232 W A.BNBR A.BU1'DBLL : dressed little man, who, by the twilight, I dis covered to be my friend, Moses Fernandez. I wu about to utter an exclamation of surprise, when he cheeked me, by placing his finger on his mouth. I instantly comprehended his sign, and suppre&Md all appearance of recognition. His looks bespoke deep regret at our respective situations. They placed the man in a pair of stocks at the other end of the hall : they then left us to our meditations or conversation. Moaes spoke t.o me in English, lest we should be overheard "Our days," said he, I fear, are numbered; but do not seem to know me." He asked me how I came to be taken ? I briefly told him my late adventure. He, on his part, informed me that he was captured in a Patriot launch going up the Oronoco. Our conversation was interrupted by another companion in misfortune being put into the stocks. He was a middle-sized, well-built Frenchman, with a military mien He had been despatched by Paez with a flag of truce : his mission wa to ascertain if I was taken ; and, if that were the ease, to offer a Spanish major and subaltern in exchange for me ; and, at the ea.me time, to threaten that, if any injury were done to me after my capture, the said major and subaltern should lose their heads the next morning, although

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TRB ADVENTURES 011' A CRBOLB. 233 neither of theirs might exactly fit my shoulders. The white rag which did duty for the flag of truce bad been purposely destroyed by some Indians who waylaid the Frenchman; and the poor officer, instead of being received as an envoy, was treated as a prisoner by an army which gave no quarter. The Spaniards would have butchered him on the spot, but several creole Royalists protested against it, and the Frenchman's fate was referred to General Bovee, who was mo mentarily expected. The fact was, the unfortunate bearer of the flag of truce was a &eemaeon, and he met with several of his craft amongst the Royalists : these were doing what they could in order to get him released. Bonjour, camarades," said the Frenchman to us. We returned his salute. "We are, I surmise, pretty near our last gasp. I know not how you feel, gentlemen ; but, for me, if they give me the death of a soldier, I care'Uot how soon it takes place: life I have not found so happy as to make me dread falling into annihilation. Yes I let bigots, who believe in childis1i stories of heaven and hell, fear death ; we philosophers know it to be a cessation of life, and nothing more. What priests call the soul, my friends, is but the oaechanical action of the

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234 WA.R!fBa &RU!fDBLL: brain : this thinking part of the human frame ii bom with the body, is imbecile with the body during infancy, strengtbell8 with it, decays with it, and, doubtless, perishes with it. Life aft.er death I a pretty story for knavish priests to tell, and credulous fools to believe. 1 would u lief give credence to one who tells me of the soul of a steam-engine, which, after being broken to pieces, will animate another and more perfect steam-engine Little religion as I poeeesaed, I was shocked with this ill-timed, uncalled-for, and &eD1ele11 bluphemy. Fernandez seemed to feel as I did; but the present was no time for religious arga ment, and the Frenchman seemed neither to expect nor desire controversy. He added," I forget, camaradea, yon may be of a dil ferent way of thinking : if eo, I beg pardon; and, lest my opinion may disturb your deTotion, I will bid you good night for the present." Saying this, be lay down, and in a re .. minutes was asleep. Before I could make aoy remarks on die language of this atheist, we heard the guard tum out to receive the general. He did not enter the Casa del Rey, but stood at the door, in conversation with Padre Salomon, a priest, who had been humanely interceding to aave us. The

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TBB ADVENTC&BS OP A CREOLB, 235 stem Bove& was not to be moved Crom his &an guioary reeolvea. We could not see the speak.en, although we heard them. Every third word the Spanish general ottered was an obscene oath, with which I need not stain my paper. A pretty affair this !" said Bovee : Borero takes the English barber-surgeon, a heretic, for sooth; and yet you, a priest, beg mercy for him Gomez captures a rascally merchant, who was going to supply the rebels with arms, and brings him all the way here, instead of allowing the alligators of the Oronoco to make food of him; and Jose Maria catches a Frenchman, a pretended bearer of a flag of truce. Inltead of settling these fellows at once, I must be plagued to give orders to have them shot or eabred : bot their execution shall take place this night, by the --" "Swear not!" interrupted the priest. "Would you destroy their souls? Will you allow me no time to prepare them for a future state 1 Be it so; their sins be at your door; and on your own immortal soul be the offence of sending three men before their Creator uuconfessed I" Do you not know that two out of the three are l1eretica, being a Dutchman and an English man?" l'el'ponded Bovee. However, I will not iucur the censure of the church by cutting

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236 WA.RNBR ARUNDBLL: them oft' too soddenly: I'll defer their execution until to-monow noon. Are yoo satisfied? Well, satisfied or not, it ahall be eo. I will go and give orders to Colonel Ximenes about this matt.er. We heard the general depart, and the priest teJl the sentinel that he was going to confess a dying man, but that, in half-an-boor, he would return to attend to us. Fernandez and myaelf exchanged a few me lancholy words, and then each commenced pnt.y ing-Fernandez using the Hebrew language. Do, good sentry, let me in/' eaid a silvery voice. It is against the general's orders, seiioritta," responded the sentinel ; but he is never long angry at any thing you do, for who could be displeased with la angela de la nailericordia (the angel of mercy)? Go in, con dioa." The door now opened, and I discoYered a female form, carrying a emall silver lamp f'ed with cocoa-nut oil : this threw a doubtful light into the haJI. She went to the stocks, and there perceived the Frenchman asleep. She ex claimed," Holy Virgin! to sleep at such a time!" She theo held the lamp so that it threw its small but clear light on the Jew; but he, ab sorbed by his devotion, paid no attention to her,

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TRB ADVBNTURB8 OP A CRBOLB. 237 and continued his prayer in a language to her unknown. The eaints aid you !" she said ; but where is the tall and bandeome Englishman they told me of?" She held up the lamp ; and, perceiving where I sat on the ftoor, cl'088ed over to me, and lowered the lamp in order to see me. By this means I had a full view of her person; and, heavens! what a divine wion I beheld She seemed Io form a woman, but in years a child," not being more than seventeen : and yet she was taller than the generality of women ; while her stature seemed increased in height by a part of her long raven tre88es being rolled into a masa, and confined on her head by means of a very large tortoise-shell comb, ornamented with gold and Margarita pearls. These shewed like a coronet, while a part of her gloMy tresses hung beside her small ears, and played on her deep bosom. From her comb depended a rich black veil; her dreea was of black velvet. She wore a profusion of rich jewels; these could scarcely be said to set oft' her queenly form and noble features, in which seemed to be united the Cas tilian traits of rotDance with the indications of creole benevolence. And I must here observe,

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238 W .lRlfBR ARlTlfDBLL: that the feminine beauty of Spain, when trans planted into the New World, seems to flourish with greater loveliness than that or any European nation. Her large black. eyebrows surmounted a pair of eyes quicker in their expression than any I ever beheld. Their darkness contrasted strongly with the alabaster wbiteneea or her pellucid skin ; and, when she spoke, she displayed a set of pearly teeth, beautiful beyond any I had ever seen. Her voice was rich and silvery, while a natural and commanding grace accompanied all her movements. Such was the apparition which stood before me, and which I contemplated by means of the small lamp she held. On any occasion I aboald have beheld with pleasure this
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TBB ADVBWTURBS OP .l CRBOLB. 239 feel This ditine creature still regarded me, at first with deep curiosity, and then I perceived a smile of pleasure steal over her features ; at length she uttered the words," Poor fellow! and you, too, must be butchered, te add to the crimes of the sanguinary Boves ln11tantly her eyes became suffused with teal'I I muet now inform the reader that, although I had never before beheld this lovely female, yet I bad often heard of Maria Josefa. Ximenes, by her well-known appell11.tion of la angtla dt I<& milericordia. Her cousin, Colonel Ximenes, having been captured by one of Bolivar's parties, he was about to be put to death, in retaliation for an insurgent colonel slain by Morales ; when Maria Josefa, with a degree of praiseworthy enthusiasm, clad in all her rich habiliments and jeweUery, left the Royalist army, and arrived at the out-posts of the Republicans without acci dent-for her beauty protected her from insult. At her request, she was conducted to Bolivar, before whom she pleaded so eloquently for the life of her cousin, that the Liberator, who was not stem by nature, but rendered so by cireumetancee, granted her prayer, on condition that she would endeavour to obtain the liberation of one Colonel Borroteran, a nephew of Bolivar, and his eeeretary, who was at that moment a pri-

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240 1r AJllf.E& ARUWDBU.: aoner in the Royalist camp. This she do, and well kept her word. The fef( Mon.Jes Wat Bot to be moved by her eloqt and the nephew of Bolivar was ordered shot; when a great number of creoles i camp, thinking themselves slight baiviog their 6ivourite's prayer rejected, n1W'mur aloud, and a dangerous mutiny was to result from the Bterooess of Monies. Hi found that he bad better yield with a good than risk a disturbance in his camp ; for: period tbe cause of Ferdinand looked doub 1 The colonel was sent to his uncle ; and that time Maria Josefa, being &WI her influence -amongst her compatriots, .1J fllr benevolent purposes. She fearlessly 1 between the belligerent camps, and was res by both parties aa a sacred : person, even a priest of eighty yea.rs oaf age woold been molested. Many an tmforiuoate Rl and Patriot owed their liYe& tG her intertc whichsome of the 1818 nuguinary chiefs o armies chose to eneourage1 while, in the Re camp, the more cruel officers feared the infl she possessed. She-often alleviate41 the mile 1 the wretched women and children who wen pelled to follow boih camps. Her endea yours to soften the rigours <1

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TBB .&.DVB1'Tt1BB8 OP A CREOLB. 241 aavage war were so incessant and successful, that both parties called her the angel of mercy. She even made a feminine weakness which she poalelfed (viz. a love for t1plendid dJ't!81) subservient to her benevolent exertion. As her jewellery threw a dazzle around her person by which she wu recognised from af'ar, the wildest goeriUa of Paez knew Maria Josefa, and would u soon think of plundering the gems of bis patron saint, u of taking one pearl from the necklace of Senoritta Ximenes ; the roughest Llanaro, whose dress was but an old blanket, and whose looks were more savage than those of a naked Indian, would crouch hie lance and bow his head with the courtesy of a knight-errant, when he eaw the well det!ignated angel of mercy ap proach ; while the most clownish Biecayan or Catalonian of the Royalist camp wo11ld hail her return from the insurgent lines with Vim la tntgela de la misericordia Poor fellow and you, too, must be but chered, although you saved the life of my compadre, Raymond aaid Maria Josefa. So l!Bys your general, beautiful senoritta." "Are you a good Christian 1"t Gouip. 1'hia kind of rel.t1ouhip ia more ucred unoogat die Spau..iarda tbm 11111ongat 11.1. t B-o Cltridiaito, 111110opt Spuiardt, meaDI 1 Catholic. VOL. II. II

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242 1V ABNBB A.Bll llDBLL : I hope I am a Christian ; bot fear I cannot apply to myself the epithet, good. I resemble you, fair lady, too little for that." Would you wish a priest to administer to you the last consolation of religion t" I am a Lutheran Christian," replied I (for by that designation the less intolerant creoi. call Protestants, instead of the more obnoxiom word, heretic). I added, Yet, I believe that the prayers of a worthy priest will do no harm to a doomed man, even should we differ in oar modes of worship." That is well. We say the English are heretics ; yet we know them to be generous, honourable, and humane. If they are not, they ought to be Christiana. Padre Salomon will shortly be here. He will attend you and yom two companions there ; although the one is asleep, and the other seems to pray in a lu guage I never before beard. Bat would yoa wish to write, before you die, to your father or your poor mother 1" Here her eyes became again filled with tean. She continued," Ah, little did that mother think, when she pillowed your bead on her bosom, that the fair locks of that head would be stained with your Light hair ia, iD South America., coDlidered IDCllt 1-atic.J.

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THB A.DVTURD OF A CRBOLB. 243 life's gore ere the days of your youth were passed Bot I wander. I can procure you pen, ink, and paper, if you desire to write to your parents." "I have none, sweet senora. My father died in my infancy, and my poor mother left this troublesome world the day I entered it.'' 0 Bot you have brothers and sisters, cabal lero Inglese?" I have, fair creole ; but I would not wish them to know the death that your stern general has doomed me to die to-morrow." But have you not," said my interrogatress, lowering her voice, '' some lady that loves you, or whom you love! Yes, surely you have, for I see you pause. Send her some love-token, before you quit this world. You know not what to send. Be ad'f'ised : send her a lock of your fair hair; and, if she be worthy or your love, she will never part with this simple, but natural, dying gift. Here are my scissol'8. Tell me where the lady of your love lives, and I will endeavour to deepatch it to her by the first safe opportunity that I meet with ; and, in the mean time, I pro mile, on the honour of a descendant of a Castilian, to wear the lock in my bosom for security." "Cut the lock you1'8elf, fair damsel," said I. She did so ; and then said, -

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244 WARNER ARUNDBLL: "' To whom am I to send it, seiior ?" You promisM to wear it in your bosom, senora. Keep your word, and I shall die happy." But to whom am I to send it ? Whois the lady or your heart?'" Had I been asked the question bnt ten minutes ago, I should have replied that I had no lady of my heart; but now I have one, the print of whose feet on the earth I am not worthy to kiss." What say you? Is it possible !-1 mean, who is this person that, within a ft:w minutes, has conquered your affection?" She is called-and rightly denominatedthe angel of mercy." A sudden blush onrspree.d the beautiful (ea tures of Maria Jose&. She looked at me with a smile. Thie soon vanished; aod she said,-" I kof'w not, senor, you were a I am an English creole, ldvely demoiselle. What made you suppose l was French?" Because we have been in each others com pany but ten minutes, and yet you employ your wit in trying to Hattl'r me." Flattery, fair one, is the meanest species of fali;ehood. I am English-therefore, of a natioo

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TRB ADVBNTUBBS OP A CllBOLB. 245 not remarkable for flattery. I am a gentleman, aud therefore disdain falsehood. I am a Christian, and, conSEquently, would shudder at a lie, standing as I do ou the brink of eternity. But I declare to you, as an Englishman, a geutleman, and a Cbriiltian, that until I beheld you I knew not love; but, since my eyes were bleseed with your appearaoee, I am your unwortl1y b11t must puasiunate lover. I have no object to gain by wy avowal, well knowing that the marine Mora.lest has doomed me to death to-ruorrow noon. But keep you.r sweet promise i wear but tbe lock of hair you have severed from my head in that lovely bosom, and I will die contented; while my last breadl shall be employed in invoking blessings on you." Sbe again bl111bed, and 1miled through her tears. Afwr a pauae, she said,. I em wroog to listen to. an amorous decblraiioo. No, ao; Maria Josefa U8 a more 81&Cred duty to per.form than to lis&en to tales of love. The soft passion aeeord1 wi&h happy time1. 8-ven Jiu made me tibe in11trument of good to othen, aad I will.faidllully fulfil my deetioy." 'J'.be word ca6ullero, in Spaniab America, i1 in a MOM uactlJ u we underataod the word gentleman in ii. noblest 'elgnfteatff)a, t lHoral marine Mrgeaat 't the battle orTral'algar.

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246 W A.BNBR .uroJiDBLL: She again pauaed ; and, pressing her handt to her temples, said, in a tone of eoliloquy ," It there no way to e&Te him t" Her cogitation wu disturbed by the noiae occasioned by the sentinel of the door preeenting arms ; and suddenly entered a handsome creole, in the dress of a Spanish colonel. He bore a toreh of resinous wood ; his face wu oJ'IUWlented and disfigured by black whiakera and muatachiot. Yet, notwithstanding these, and a nern milit&rJ air whieh he bad, hit features were eo strikinglJ like those of the lovely Maria JOlefa, that they might have been taken for twins. He ehot a look of suspicion at me, and a glance of dW. pleasure at his eouain, for auch ahe wu. How keen-sighted is pueion I Colonel Ximenu loved Maria Josefa. Ooe would have thought the1e was nothing in our reapectin mm. ationsto e:scite bis jealouey; yet his features told me that I caused it. At the ll&llle moment, I felt a sudden degree of abhorrence for the handsome Colonel Ximenes. I thought-would I had m.1 good steed and truety matcheti, and that you were equally well armed and mounted, and we had a clear stage and no favour ; I think I could giYe these fine features of yours a slash, which should injure their beauty. I believe we were not in each other's company above two seconds, before

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TBB A.DVBSTUBB8 A OBBOLB. 247 we hated each other as cordially u though we had been .friends for twenty years. A conversation now took place between the couaina, which I shall relate, omitting the says he and eaya she; to which I have an aversion. Maria Josefa here! How is this 1" '' Does Colonel Ximenes ask why I am here, when I have victims to snat.ch from cold-blooded slaughter?" True, aelioritta, you are called the angel of mercy. To your active humanity I owe my life." And to my exertion shall thii young gentle man-I mean, these three people, owe their lives." Impouible Oar general has sworn -" "To continue a butcher. I have heard of bis amiable vow. He calculates on exterminating the race of creoles ; but let Morillo, Boves, and Morales, not be too elated with their succese. Bolivar is beaten, but not subdued ; Arismendi has IWorn vengeance, and he ever keeps his oaths; while Paez hovers about their army like a fiend of destruction. Sick of this war of death, I have long entreated that it might be conducted with eome slight degree of mercy. But I will cease to entreat; I command that the lives of theee men be saved! "Are you mad, Maria?"

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248 W.A&'NBR AJlUICDBLL: No, I am sensible-semible of my power Let me but utter one word, and every creole io the Royalist camp, who now raises bis traitoroo1 arms against his country, will join the Patriots, strike for liberty, ana Columbia will be free! .. Here her sweet countenance assumed an air of majesty, and she spoke with the boldness or ao inspired prophetess. Rash girl! are you weary or life Speak low, for the love of God '' No; I will speak out! It is long since I ceased to fear death. Call in the sentinels, and I will tell them that Spain is tyrannical. Span iards are blood-hounds ; and creoles who aid them are traitors and fools!" Every limb of Ximenes shook with emotion. He caught his cousin's hands, fell upon bis and then said, in a whisper, cc For the sake of Heaven, for the love or your friends, for the sake of your country, be pacified, Maria. You know not what you do. You will involve us all in ruin. Be patient, and Sooth America shall be tree. Your rashness will be. tray the land of your birth." Maria replied in a low voice, but which I distinctly heard, being too interested in the con versation to lose a syllable, Be it so. I have long s11spected this.

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TDB 4DVBMT11RB8 O:P A CUOLB. 249 May your plot succeed But, at all that Englishman muet be saved. Rather than he ehould be sacrificed, I will, ere morning raise three thousand creoles to his rescue. Nay, nay. frown Dot on that youth. Antonio Xipieuet!, is this a time, when war is your native land, to think of love or jealousy? Shame! shame!" Maria., retire a minute or two. l will think how to rescue thia She now pa.seed over to where Fernandez and the Frenchman were confined, and entered into couvenation with the fonqer. Meanwhile, the colonel was lost io meditation. The torch he held threw a red glare on his fine features, and enabled me to obeerve They seemed to be strongly agitated ; aqd once or twice he put hie hand on hie forehead. At lengtla he aaid, No, no; she sa, ed my life, and I will rescue him, even if he be born to blast. my h11p-pinese." He now advanced k>warda me, and held his torch near my face. Suddenly, hie stern look relaxed iuto wonder : he exclaimed, la it possible? My old friend Do you not recollect me? I answered in the negathe. M2

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25() W illfB8 ABVWDBLL : He -.id, Do yoa not remember giving me an orange when I wu a pri11>nert" I now recollected that, when Ximene. wu tak.en, he was marched many miles, exposed to the rays of a buming san, until he wu nearly perishing with thim. 1 happened to have an orange, with which I moistened hie parched lips, his own hands being at that time bound. Little did I think, at the moment I performed this aet of common humanity, that it would have conduced so much to my advantage. Instantly the colonel's behaviour totally changed. Give me your hand he cried ; I tender mine in friendship." And I accept yours with the same feeling.'" Maria Josefa beheld our salute with tears of pleasure; which, when Ximenes observed, hie features again became stern. He motioned her to retire. She withdrew a few steps. I will," said the colonel, endeavour to effect your escape. Major Pena wishes to 1&ve yonder Frenchman, who, careleu ol hia fa&e, sleeps soundly. Pena and he belong to some foolish eecret society. I will conault with him; but, if I aid your flight, yon must promise me, on the well-known faith of your countrymen, to quit South America, and not appear here for four years."

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THE ADVBKTUBB8 OP A CBBOLB. 261 I looked at Maria, and saw, by her countenance, that she wished me to accede to her cousin's proposition. I, therefore, agreed to the propoeal, provided that my friend Fernandez, and the Frenchman, should be also allowed to escape. To this atipulation he promised to conform, and 11aid,-" Now, let me seek Peiia and padre Salomon. Maria Josefa, we have not a minute to lose. Is this a time for you to coquette with a man whose life is at stake ? Away call bit her to me the Indian, Guiocolo : he can be trusted ; he shall guide these three men to English Guiana. At the same time, tell Pedro to procure t10mething for these people to eat and drink-they have need of it : away Maria Josefa did not move oft' eo quickly as her cousin wished. She read in my countenance expressions of doubt, and said to me," Fear not, caballero : Colonel Ximenes is passionate, but not dishonourable ; he acts from audden emotions, but those are never treacherous." I believe you," replied I ; no one can be dishonourable whose features resemble yours, fair senora." Away I" said the colonel, and banded her to the door. She went: he then said," I have much to prepare, and, little time;

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let me get yon foW' awift laones, and for y our arduous journey. Saying t.b.i.5, lae quitted me. The latter part of our conference was 8fl iu 'u pprueed Toices ; bat at one ti.rue the pl of Muia Josefa so far got tbe better o J d i scretion, that I wonder ahe waa not over l by the se. utinela who were ordered to ware Casa uel Rey. B1.t thete people were ployed, tweu1y yards from the building, dri 1 guarapa, smoking rank Virginia cigan, playiug a& lflontt for rials, with a ...11 Jirty pack of cards. I was about to congmtulate Fernandft o prospect of escape, when I beard the gum without shout, W .:lcome, padrt! Salomun; gi"e 1111 beueJictiou, and
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' TB.il A.Dv.BJl'l'UBB8 A CREOLB. 263 what the mo:lern -Jews coneeive to oo the founda tion-stone of their faith Hear, 0 Israeli Jehovah is oal' Lord; Jehovah -is One. When be saw the priest enter, he8uddenly topped in bis devotion; test the ehould discover hie religien ; -for_, althoagb he knew that the learaiog of Spanish prieats, in general, ia con fined to being able l'o say ma by rote in Latin, which they ecareely undentand, yet 80llle few of them are very learned. This wa& the case with Salo1DOD; he ins&antly perceived of what religion Fernandez was, and a convenation t.o<>k place, in that mixed aucl torn.apt Hebrew which is spoken by Jews of the Pft!MDt day. What," said the priest, does a child of Israel do in_ the eamp '.of Christiane?" Fernande made uo BD8Wer, not wishing to confeu, although he weU knew priest had diseevere4 it. The latter continued,. u Proceed with your pnyere: fear me not; I will not betrayyou to the bigoted soldiers, or they will tear you in pieces. I come to you with tidings of mercy." When did not a priest of that religion which pretends to belieTe in the Pentateuch, -and yet dares to alter Jehovah's commandments, by

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WARM BR .&.RUNDBLL : soppreuing the aeeond when did not such a one talk of mercy ; yet when did he ever practise it towards the suft'ering race of Israel 1 You know my language; you know my creed. Go to your savage general, tell him that I am the Cura-;oa merchant whom Christians name Fer nandez, but who is called Masha Ben Simon when summoned to the desk of the synagogue to hear that Law read which Jehovah gave to hiR chosen people." No," replied the priest, I will not betray you. I pity the errors of the children of Israel, but I will never harm any of them. I am, myself, a descendant of one of the Twelve Tribes." Why wearest thou the dress of the Christian priest?" Because I am one." "I hate a Spaniard; I doubly detest a Spanish priest : but, for thee, I at once loathe and despile thee, because thou art an apostate. Be thou cut oft', and thy name erased from the book of life I" As Fernandez said this, he spat on the ground, to shew his contempt. I was prepared for all this, when I told thee Catholica omit the 1econd commandment, and diride tJae tenth iAto two pan..

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THB ADVB1'TURB8 OP A CRBOLB. 255 I was a servant of the Christian altar. I have choeen my creed; remain, if God wills it, by thine. But we lose time. Leagued with Pefta, I come to aid your escape, and that of your companions." I will not be indebted for my life to an apostate." Then remain to be slaughtered, and have thy body devoured by wild beasts and obscene birds, instead of being interred in ground conae erated by an lsraelitish rabbi. Hast thou no sons nor daughters, whose descendants, thou vainly hopest, will be the Messiah that thou expectest?" I have, like Jephthah, an only daughter, for whose dear sake will I even thankfully accept of life at the hands of one who has for saken the religion of bis fathers." Be it so : I forgive your reproaches, and go to aid your escape. Awake your sleeping companion, if you wish to save him. I go to assist Pefia and Ximenes in preparing for your fiight." At this instant Maria Josefa entered, follow ed by an Indian of the Chyma tribe, together with a negro, who bore a small basket of pro visions for our repast, and a heavy bunch of keys, the same which confined my chains. I must inform the reader, that Ximenes had

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266 'WARM BB A.IWlfDBLL : eent to the eentinel:s a quantity or rum, which was part or the cargo taken in the launch with Fernandez. What with the epirits and the pack of cards, they neither knew nor cared for what took plaee in the Cua del Rey. Mana Josefa eaw the priest, but doubted if be was fully acquainted with the plot for eff'eeting our escape. She threw herself on her knees, clasped hie, and exclaimed," Father, for the love of all the saints, betray me not; but lluft'er me to deliver thia dear, dear English youth I Oh, do not refuae my prayer ; or you will break my heart Blessings on thee, dearest child said the priest, laying hie hands on her bead ; truly hast thou been called the angel of mercy. Hi therto thou hast saved men for the love of Heaven; .but now, poor child, thou urgest thy humane prayer for the love of your handsome Englishman! Nay, blush not, nor droop thy beautiful head : Heaven, in its own good time, will reward thy virtue, and, perhaps, bless thee with thy lover. I go 1.o aid your cousin in his preparations for the flight of these three men. God be with thee!" The priest now left us: and, while Fernan dez awoke the Frenchman, whose name waa D'Aubert, and acquainted him with our prospect

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TBB ADVENTURES OP A CREOLE. 257 of escape, Maria hastily informed .. me of the means of our flight. We ate a hurried, but hearty supper, which conshlted of Indian corn bread, South American cheese, and turtles' eggs. We drank, between 118, a bottle of tolerable sack. All this time, Guiocolo was busy unlocking my chains, and l008ing the stocks ; while he placed in the middle of the hall a large quantity or palm-leaves, which had been brought into the Casa del Rey to new thatch it This it was designed to set fire to, in order to cover our retreat, and account for our disappearance. While this preparation was going forward, a more serious task devolved on Pena, Ximenes, and Raymond, who willingly joined in the plot, in order to requite my having saved him at Baraocos. Supper beiug finished, Guiocolo, after care fully l'econnoitriog, told us that, by passing a back-door which he opened, we might evade an encounter with the sentinels. We cautiously stole out, accompanied by Maria, and led by the In dian ; but we lef't the faithful negro, named Pedro, to kindle the fire amongst the palm-leaves, about an hour after our flight : this he was punctual in doing. When we got about six hundred yards from the Casa del Rey, we were challenged by a

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258 WARNBB ARUNDBLL: drowsy sentinel. We gave the pass-word, of which we were informed, and were allowed to proceed. Twice, after this, were we challenged by sentinels, and with the same result. Maria Josefa, enveloped in a cloak, leaned on my arm, and accompanied us .. As eoon as we passed the out-posti of the camp I conversed with my fair preserver. I will not repeat aU that took place between us : let it suffice that, encouraged by her admis sion that I was not so indifferent as others she had rescued from the Spaniards, I had the cruelty to propose that she should fly with me. No," she said ; that would be disgraceful in a daughter of the house of Ximenes, and dis honourable to my cousin Antonio, to whom I have not plighted my faith, but yet I promised never to give my hand to another, until the con clusion of this unhappy war. Here I remain, to fulfil a sacred duty, to which I am vowed; that is, fearlessly to use all my best endeavours in order to soften the rigour of this cruel civil war. My cousin has stipulated that you return not in leu than four years. If Heaven at the end of that time should preserve us, and if you really love Maria Josefa Ximenes, you will, doubtless, find her somewhere in Venezuela : if, however, at the end of five years I hear nothing of you, I

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TBB A.DVB1'TUBB8 01' A. CRBOLB. 269 go to Cuba, and become the bride of Heaven. Take this ring, dear Englishman : it is or value ; but part not with it, unless you should be pressed by necesaity." Much sooner will I part with my life!" I kissed her long, slender hand, ae she gave me the ring; when, with the frankness of pure and holy innocence, she offered me her cheek. I preeeed the trembling girl to my bosom : she wept, prayed for my deliverance, and aeked my name. I told it, but regretted that I bad no writing-materials whereon to inscribe it. W amer Arundell said she. 1 shall .ever remember it-for it is written here. I am wrong. perhaplll, so far to encourage an utter stranger ; but the Virgin will not, I am sure, suffer poor Maria Josefa to love one unworthy of her aJfee tion I No, no, dear heart! your honest features tell me that the Mother of Heaven has not suf fered such an atlliction to fall on me. But, hold I I had nearly forgotten. Here is a belt in which are sewn twenty-two doubloons : these may serve you, dearest Warner Arundell But see, Guiocolo and your companions are impatient, and wait ; therefore let us part. God bless and restore you to me in happier times! We again embraced ; and then, by a violent

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260 W 4RNU ..4.RUJiDBLL: effort, we I felt as tbottgh my hea11 was tom from n1y bosom, as she left w.e and hastily w-lked t.owarcl15 the camp : a.ad if my ha.cl not retuMJ.ed .apd hrried me Oil, I 11hould have remain .. d for aome tUue rooted the spot. We walk.ed forward, at a lOpd paoe, for about a mile, when we joined a pa.rty of. fbef conaiatipgofthe padre Salomon, Colonel Ximeu.es. Raymond, Major PeD&, and my old friend Colonel Borero., who had captured that morning; but who, for a email douoeur by l.laymond, u:a.der of a loa.n, aeaisied our eecape. Four noble bones, well and pai:tly laecled, but wj.thout their were feeding on a quantity of corn meal. Let. the hones feed," 88id ; we bave still before us er.a the Casa Real will fired by Pedro." .He me apari, while the FrellChJJlaJJ. entered into conversation with Pelis, ..-.Eef ... the priesi1 &o, be ed. reconciled in.raeci JQJ!: 'foald, by a circuitous route knotm to few, 0011.dattl me acro88 d19 plains rivert, '""6, and hjeb l's)' ,..qd tlae Wver

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TRB AD'1SM'l'URB8 OP A. CRBOLB. 261 Eesequibo; and that he had made every prepara tion tbt the occasion which time and circum ltallces 1"t)9ld admit or. He en11merated all the articles he had su-pplied us with : these consisted of three horee-pistols; an English fowling-piece; four pounds of powder; a proportion1&te quantity of shot; a small bladder fotl of salt ; a qaan tity of tasajo ; and four hammocks. fn a port manteau, attached to my saddle, be placed three ehirts ; he gave us two long knives and an axe; while Guiocolo was furnished with two Indian bows, and a quantity of poisoned arrows. Each horse carried a slball beg of Indian corn. After enumerating these, the colonel ea.id," Depart, in God's name, sefior Inglese; but I fear you carry away the heart or one who i dearer to me tbsn'my own soul: Would that Maria Jose& had never seen you t However, ( have promised to aid your escape, and 'I hue kept my went. Hate I acted the part of' a rous riTal ? I expressed my satisfaction .at bis honourable conduct Remember," 1aid he," your prGmise not to re1nrn during four yeal'S." I told him I would not break my word. We &hook each other cordially by the baud ;

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262 W A.RNBR ARUNDBLL : and, the horses having made an end or their pro vender, the Indian bridled them. While he waa doing this, Colonel Borero stepped up to me, and apologised for not having the three doubloons which I gave him in the morning to retum to me, because, be said, be had lost them at monte. He produced a dirty pack or cards, and offered to cut double or quits for the money. How he was to pay if he lost, he did not say; I, however; hu:q:ioured him, and lost, which I was glad of. We all took a cordial leave of our deliverers. Even Fernandez said to the priest," The God of Israel bless you We have chosen different roads ; but I hope we shall meet in Paradise." By this time the Casa Real was fired. Pedro had managed affairs so well, that the house was in full blaze before the fire was discovered. Its combustible materials burned so readily, that we were, as I afterwards learned, supposed to have perished in the flames. The fire illuminated the night-clouds, and the sparks flew in all directions. The church-bell at Alta Gracia rang an alarm, and the drums, fifes, and bugles, called in vain for the soldiers to extinguish the flames. We heard these notes of alarm ; it was our

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TBB ADVBNTURB8 OP A CREOLE. 263 signal to mount our well-laden and noble horses, and commence our arduous journey-Guiocolo, the Indian, leading the way. Our animals carried us at a tremendous rate. In a few minutes we were out of heariug of the drums, bells, and bugles, of the Royalist camp, and were on our way to Essequibo.

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264 WARNER ARUNDELL: CHAPTER XIII. To tnivene o'er Plain, forest, rier,-man nor brute, By diut of hoof, nor priot of foot, Lay in that wild luuriant 10i1 ;. No signs or trHel, none or toil." BYRO!(. ALL night our guide. rode before us, at the full speed of our horses, shaping his way by the stars, for road or track over the country there was none. Neither D'Aubert nor Fernandez were first-rate horsemen ; but the fear of death is an excellent riding-master. It was about midnight when we started, and, as day opened, we were, as I calcu late, about fifty miles from Alta Gracia, when Guiocolo drew up his horse : we did the same. He advised us to dismount, as animals were con1pletely blown. Down we got, leading the horses, to cool them, but walking as fll8t as we could on our journey. We walked about four miles, when we came to a broad but not deep

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TBB ADTBMTURBS OP A. ORBOLB. 265 stream. I saw the propriety of the Indian' advice. The animals were now cooled, and could cross the river without injury. Guiocolo told us to allow them to drink: we did so. The stream was not out of the horses' depth. On the other aide of the river the Indian gave them a greater quantity of corn than I conceived was prudent ; but he said the horses were heavily laden, and could better carry corn in their bellies thau on their backs. I do not think the admirers of the English turf will agree to this mode of feeding ; but it occasioned no apparent inconvenience. We drank some water while the horses fed, and each ate a small of aripa. Again we mounted. At first we walked; we then gradually increased our pace to a quick gallop, which we till about noon, when we came to a thick forest, the branches of which bung too low to allow us to ride. We dismounted, and walked for about half-an-hour, when we came to a pool of not the clearest water. Here we bathed, and fed ourselves and our horses. About three P. M. we again set out, riding across a steep range of hills, until about eight at night, when we came to the borders of savanna land, through which ran a stream. Our careful Indian now tethered our horses with lazoes ; and we suspended our hammocks to low VOL. II.

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266 W ARNBB ARUNDELL : savanna trees, and ale pt in open air. We took the precaution of making a good fire to frighten away tigers and pumas, as well u to keep the horses near us, in case any of them got loose ; for those animals will keep instinctively near the fire. So fatigued were we, that we all slept soundly; but, every subsequent night of our journey, one always watched while the others slept. We enjoyed undisturbed repose for about eight hours; and, as day opened, we were awoke by the notes of the pouie, or South American turkey. Again were our hones fed with grain, and watered. While the animals were eating, Guiocolo brought down with his bow a large pouie : oft' this we made a hasty breakfast ; and, notwithstanding that it was killed with a poisoned arrow, it tasted deliciously. We perceived a very fine tiger ; but, on our shouting, he de camped; running with surprising grace. The symmetry and beauty of these animals are as tonishing. Those who only behold them pent up in cages can form no conception of their elegance of form and colour. However, as they are apt to give travellers rather ugly scratches in the great savannas, they, after all, are better seen in the Zoological Gardens than met with in the plains of South America.

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THE ADVBMTURE8 OF A CREOLE. 267 The Columbiana say the jaguar, or tiger, mises with the puma (South American lion), and produces an extremely ferocious mongrel. I doubt this, but record it as a mere report, which, how ever, is currently believed. We rode until about noon, when some cocoa nut trees, planted in rows, informed us that we were approaching a Aato, or breeding farm The Indian threw oft' 'ail his light clothing, save a !llliacou, in order to look like one of the un reclaimed savages. This he did to approach the hato and reconnoitre, lest we might meet with enemies at the farm. He returned in a few minutes, telling us we might safely approach, as there were not people enough to attack us. The war had left but three boys and one woman in the place. We walked our horses to the large unfinished house of the hato. The poor woman who posseseed it was much alarmed at our appearance We soon found means of quieting her fears : this done, her joy and hospitality seemed to know no bounds. She gave us an excellent meal, re plenished our supply of aripa, Indian corn, and tasajo ; she gave our horses, what is very com mon on hatoes, a pail of milk each with aripa broken up in it. This is an excellent mode of

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268 W'4'RNBR ABUNDLL: cattle intended for a long journey ; but I do not expect it will be practised in England. The old woman preeeed us to stay that day. To this we consented, it being the last house we expected to enter, save two days' journey on, where was a mission under Padre Rodrigo, an Andalusian Capuchin. What a beautiful place ia a South American hato with its flocks of wild dark bay horses, each squadron led by its captain ; its immense droves of horned cattle ; its general appearance of plenty, content, and, I had almost said, hap pinesa : but happiness is not merely the abeence of misery ; it ia a positive, not a negative en joyment. Man was not made to live in the w-ild secluaion. of a South American bato ; the inhabitant of which, having little to think of, seemed to think of nothing. The poor woman who owned the place appeared scarcely able to command sufficient words, in her.natiYe language, to express her limited ideas. She, however, was most kind to us. We offered her money, some of which I possessed, thanks to the generosity of my angel of mercy ; but the woman would accept of none. She, however, was most thankful for five or six charges of powder, which we gave her. She thought herself overpaid.

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TBB ADVBXTURJl8 OP A CBBOLB. 269 The next day we set out rather overloaded with presents, from the bato ; but, conceiving ourselves beyond danger, we went on at leisure. We journied a great part of the day across a aaanna, without coming to a drop of water for the ho.reee, and bad nothing to drink ourselves but guarapa, which we took from the hato. Towards evening we came to a wood, which, like most of those in South America, abounded in the wild pines which adhere to branches of trees. Each of these contain, in the driest sea son, a quantity of pure and cool water. With some labour, we collected a sufticient quantity for our horses, and crossed the wood. At the edge of this, we erected an ajupa, lit a fire, and 1lept in our hammocks during the night; each watching about two hours in his turn, while the rest slept. D'Aubert had a pinchbeck watch, which served us to divide the night. This kept pretty regular time, as it only lost about a quarter of an hour out of every twenty-four; but we easily regulated it. The Indian gue88ed the time, pretty accurately, by the stars. We started at daylight the next morning, for our abundance of provisions obviated the necessity of our looking out for game. After a somewhat fatiguing ride, we, in the evening, came to a mission of the Pariagotoe Indians, under the

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270 WARNER ARUNDELL: direction of the Capuchin before mentioned. On stating what was truth, in one sense, that we came from the camp of the Royalists, we were kindly treated. The Indian alcalde, or chief officer, receiTed us in great state, and turned out a whole regiment of naked Indians to escort us to the Caaa del Rey, a kind of caravansary. They provided a tolerable repast for ue and our horses. The Indian magistrate behaved with great state and munificence, because D' Aubert gave him the brass seal which was attached to his watch. Oor horses were well fed, and we slept soundly, after having paid our respect& to the padre. The next morning we viewed the mission, which seemed an earthly Paradise. It was situ ated on the banks of a beautiful etream, which was flung from a rock about six hundred feet in height This cascade looked like a falling stream of molten silver. The land aboot the mission was extremely fertile ; the houses, although formed of slight materials, were built with regu larity ; all the necessaries of life, and many of its luxurie11, were abundant. The old padre was in his eighty-seventh year. Poor man, hie extraordinarily long sojourn amongst the Indians had nearly extinguished his mental faculties. Al though he was etill able to attend to the old

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TBB .ADVBJl'TUR&S OP A CRBOLE. 271 routine of his clerical ctuties, he was absolutely ignorant of the war which was desolating a part of the very province in which he lived. Some of the Indians told him of this ; but he would not believe that the people of South America could enr be so impious as to talk seriously of warring on the King of Spain. We, of course, did not broach the subject : it was quite enough for him to know that we were on our journey ac1'088 Spanish Guiana to Essequibo. He seemed not to like to talk of the news of the day, bot asked us if it was true that the French bad decapitated Louis the Sixteenth 1 On our answering in the affirmative, he said,-" Holy Virgin! what will they do next ? It being one of the numerous fltu of the Spanish calendar, the naked alcalde requested that we would stop and spend the day at the miuion. We hesitated at thia; but, at the par ticular request of Fernandez, we remained. I thought I obse"ed that he seemed more devout that day than any other. We exchanged a few charges of powder and shot for as many turtle-eggs, prepared in a mass, smoked deer, dried fish, and cassada bread, as we could conveniently take with us ; and the alcalde ordered four Indians to carry a part of our luggage over a mountain which we had to

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272 W ABlfBR ilUJU>BLL: cr01S, bot which could DOt be ridden over. The second momiog after our arrival, we mounted our hones and set forward at a walk, with Indian. on foot. We did not halt until we reached the .f'oot or a steep and J'OCky mountain, which the Pariagotoe Indians called Guiago. After partaking or a temperate meal, and water ing our horses, we commenced climbing this steep ascent on foot, the Indians leading our hones. We were soon out of breath, ,and were forced to pause and bold OD. by branches or dwarf trees, which eent their roots into the crevices of the rocks, and appeared to vegetate with very little assistance from the earth. All the rest of the day, and long after the &u.n had eet, we eontiooed our toilsome ascent. About niD.e at night we arrived at a place where the hones could st.and at ease, and where we found the remains of an Indian but. Here we slung our hammocks, and, worn with fatigue, we alept soundly; but, towards morning, we found the weather so cold, owing to our elevated situation, that we were constrained to warm ourselves at the fire which, as usual, wu lighted to keep oft' tigers, ae they abounded in tbeae mountains At daylight we commenced our deeeent. This was leas fatiguing, but far more dangerous, than our ascent. Repeatedly we slung ourselves,

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TRB AD'VBNTUBBS OP A CRBOLB. 273 by branches of dwarf trees, down rocks and &el'088 chasms. How the animals passed these obstacles is astonishing, but they had the agility and security of foot of goats. We crossed a smalJ stream of water, in which we bathed the ho1'9e8; and which, we were told, became one of the many mighty tributary riven of the Oronoco. We rested on the borders of this stream during the night, and the next day came to a most magnificent sa vanna, but one that was only inhabited hy pumas, tigera, serpents, and wandering Indians, equally wild. Here our pedestrian fellow-travellers proposed to leave ue, but Guiocolo entreated them to proceed as far as a grove and stream which lay about three leagues and a half further, where we intended to encamp, as he much feared being attacked by Caraibes. The Pariagotoes demurred at this, until I oft'ered them ten charges of powder to come with us. This munificent offer they could not resist. We mounted our horses, and the In dians bounded forward with such activity that they kept our animals in a smart trot. or course, we soon arrived at this grove, but the horses would not enter it : they all smelt the air, laid their ears back, bounded in all directions, but no eft'ort.'l of ours could make them advance. "There must be a tiger there," said Gniocolo. Instantly the Indians threw off their guias, N2

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274 .WA.RMBJl A.B1JKDBLL: and each fitted an arrow to hie bow and ad vanced. I left my horse in charge of D' Aubert ; and, having loaded my fowling-piece, proceeded with them. AB we entered the grove, a deep growl told us we were near our quarry. A large and lank tigreu appeared, with a cub in her mouth. One of the Indians shot hie arrow and wounded her; two others missed ; and Guiocolo struck her in the beck with a poiaoned arrow : but still she was making oft'. I took aim, and sent a bullet right into her brain: this finished her career. On looking round, we found the cub she carried, as a cat carries her kittens, and another: these appeared scarcely two days old. The fear of losing her young hindered her ftight, and cost her her life. The Indians said they would endeavour to keep the little creatures alive, and bribg them to the mission as a present to the padre. The tigre88 must have lately struck down a deer, for the greater part of its carcua we found near her. It had been killed within an hour or two, so that we dressed and ate it. The Indians preferred the tigl'els, which, they said, was better food. Strange to eay, they preferred the flesh of the jaguar to beef or venison. It grieved Fernandez to partake of food not slaugh tered after his own manner; however, he had but the choice of eating it or sta"ing.

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TB'B .tDVBlfTUBBI 01' A CREOLE. 275 We made our ajupa that night in the groYe: the oext momiog we parted with the Pariagotioe Indians. We fed our bones well ; for a clear ride of one hundred miles lay before us, through a country iuhabited by wild tribes. We started about seven o'clock, according to D'Aubert's pinchbeck cbrg.. nometer. We rode all that day, and half the night, ere we came to a place where we could conveniently bait our honee. When we did arrive, we bad difficulty in keeping the animals from drinking too much. Unfortunately, we had no kind of instruments with us, IO as to enable our taking any kind of obeervation : we had not even a compass. This I regret the more, because the moat fertile and noble country lying between the Upper Orinoco and the Essequibo is entirely a ''"'" incognita. Pretended mape of it exist, but, to my own know ledge, they are most inaecurat.e placing moun tains, rivers, and lakes, where plains only exist; ed oice oer"ad. Our route was cireuitoue and wandering in the extreme ; sometimes we went for two days with out advancing ae many miles. This wu occa sioned by eome inaccessible mountain or other obstacle lying acl'OIS our path : hence, the actual distance we went wu very dispreportionate to

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!76 WA.RMB .t.aU1'DBLL : the progresa we made in a direct line. Often we took immense circuits in order to avoid hostile and savage Indians, o( whom Guiocolo stood in great dread ; for this man, although faithful to bis undertaking in an extraordinary degree, and courageous when opposed to animals, was, I sas pect, cowardly when encountering men. His timidity, I aormise, cost us many a day's journey. The sixth day after we left the mission, our Indian guide advised a halt, as our horses wanted rest-telling ue, that about five leagues onward lay a river, which he called the Matagatoe. Fernandez dissented from the opinion of Guiocolo ; and eaid that, although our animals were weary, we were not, and advised us to dismount and lead our horse&. I was astonished at this, because Fernandez was the oldest of the party ; in fact, he had long pused the prime of life. We, how ever, agreed to follow his advice; and, after a long and tedious walk, we came to the banks of a noble river. Here we rested, previous to our croeaiog it. Scarcely bad we time to repose, ere the Indian regarded the etream. with some alarm, and said we muet erosa instantly, or we should be detained for several days. The fact was, he Enr1 lllcliua tribe O.U. Ii, .. mommial, &.o. by a cli&net name. I

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TBE ADV81'TUBB8 OF A caBOLB. 277 noticed, by the visible rising of the river, that a flood of rain must have fallen in the mountaioa, and that the banks would be soon overflowed ; in which ease, we might be detained for weeb before we could croea it-for we now might daily expect the rainy aeasoo. It was fortunate that we bad followed the advice of Fernandez in not halt ing, as the Indian although be did not thresee the result of hie good counael. We crossed the river, swimming our hones, and holding on by their manes. So strong was the current setting in, that we were carried down the stream nearly half+league before we were able to Cl'Ol8 it ; and then, with great difficulty, we mounted the ateep bank. Almost all the rivers of South America have a &hallow bank on one side, and an abrupt one on the other. We erected our leafy tent on the banks of the Matagatoe before sunset; and the next day, men, u well as horses, were so complet.ely fatigued, that we were conatrained to halt. We could not do this in a better situation. We had wood, water, forage, &h, and venison, at our command ; and auch abundance of the terekay, or small river turtle, and its delicious eggs, at oar very feet, that it would be worth while for a London alder man to take a journey to the river Matagatoe (or the purpose or enjoying it: but (shocking to

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278 W A.R'NBR .A.RUJrDBLL : relate!) we were obliged to broil all we ate, having no cooking utensils. The first evening after we passed the Mata gatoe, I observed that Fernandez became more than usually devout. This I at firet attributed to his being thankful for having safely C1'088ed the river, as he could not swim; but, although I could not understand the language in which he prayed, for this he always did audibly, yet I thought I could distinguish the word Sabbath in Hebrew. It now struck me that it was the eve of the J ewieh Sabbath. Thie at onee accounted for hie anxiety to rest the lut week at the mission, and to puab on this day, in order that he might rest on the morrow. When he had finished his devotion, I questioned him on this and I found my conjecture correct. When I recollected that for months I bad never known one day from another since l joined the insurgents, nor the days of the week, I stood rebuked in the presence of the pious Jew. I told him so, and praited him for recollecting, amid all hie toil and wanderings, the ordinances of his religion. "Why," said he," Warner, should we forget the eervice of God 1 Has He forgotten oe, when, in six days, He created this globe; the sun, that animates all nature; the moon, whose silvery

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TBB ADVBKTURB8 01' A C&BOLB. 279 light oow glitter& on the swelling river ; the stars, which gem yon blue vault? When He bad breathed the breath of life into the D011trils of our first parents, whom he created after his own image, He rested the seventh day, and consecrated it. The river &batkjon, therefore, flows duriog six days, and, on the seventh, ite waten are atatiooary; the very damned in hell have reat on the Sabbath. Why, amid this desert, the dwelling-place of the tiger and the cannibal, ahould we forget our Creator, seeing He abandons os not? When I repose beneath our wretched ajupa, I close my eyes in sleep with the full auurance that the archangel Michael stands at my right hand; at my le& watches Gabriel ; Raphael and Uriel are stationed at my feet ; while, above me, hovers the spirit of the living God. This yon poor atheist would call the dream of enthusiasm ; but it is a dream I would not like to be awoke from. Kneel, young man ; praise the God you wonbip, for His having delivered you. Kneel, Warner, and supplicate a blessing on the head of one whose name I often hear you murmur in your sleep ; implore a benediction on Maria Josefa, the angel of mercy. I like not the appellation of angel to be given to a mortal ; but, if ever daughter of Eve deserves it, she doea.

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280 WABNS8 A80KD8LL: Doubt not, you will meet again in happy times, when the maiden shall be as a crown onto you." For the first time for some years I shed a devout tear: I knelt, and prayed fervently. D' Aubert knew not what Fernandez 1aid to me ; for he understood scarce a syllable of English, in which language we conversed. It is singular, that of four persons thus brought by chance to gether, one was a Jew; the other, although baptilied, was a mere heathen ; another was, or pre tended to be, an atheist; and, finally, I was an unworthy Chri11tian. "Warner," said Fernandez to me the next evening, I think I shall convert you to Chriet. ianity, although a Jew myeelf. Be advised: let us not proceed to-morrow, but keep y
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f I TRB ADVBMTlTRB8 OW A CREOLB. 281 rheumatism : but the exertion he was obliged to use, and to which he cheerfully submitted ; the rude fare he was necessitated to partake of; the frequent immersions he underwent; and his sleep ing continually with no other shelter than an ajupa,-which is merely a few leaves to keep off the dew ,-all combined to cure him completely of his chronic diseases. Twenty-five days after we left Alta Gracia, we came to an encampment of comparatively civilised Caraibes, called Bock Indians : they spoke no 8panish, but a little broken English. These con ducted us to a muddy-looking, partly natural and partly artificial, canal, which leads to the Esse quibo. We agreed to give our pistols and the remains of our powder to them, if they would convey oe to the British settlements. This they consented to do; and we embarked in a large canoe, having given our horses and fowling-piece to the faithful guide, Guiocolo, who, I afterwards learnt, disposed of the fine animals for a trifle, and returned by himself to Alta Gracia. During the journey I was by far the most active of the party, not ezcepting the Indian; but the confinement in a canoe for several days in a enmped posture, together with the miasma from the swamps of old Dutch (now British)

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282 WARNER ARUNDBLL: conjoined to give me a very bad intermittent fever. This increased in violence until we arrived at Essequibo. I hailed with joy the appearance of the British flag. A boat, with several officers, came alongside of our canoe. These gentlemen were astonished at our wild appearance. This was scarcely to be wondered at. Our clothes hung together in tatters ; our toes were peeping through our shoes as though they were looking out for fresh lodg ings ; our hair had not bad the benefit of a comb for some weeks; and we had each a month's beard on our faces. On Fernandez informing the officers that we had escaped from the Royalists, and had journeyed from Alta Gracia, they be haved most humanely to us. These gentlemen bad come in a brig, on what is called a maroon party, i. e. a party of pleasure. They sent for a boat, and had us removed on board the brig. Each underwent shaving from the hands of a military barber. After this, the Jtiod officers had a meet ing, and each agreed to furnish us with some articles of clothing; hence, we were enabled to enjoy the luxury of clean linen, and appear on deck in decent attire. A military surgeon being of the party, I re quested his advice as to my malady ; he immedi-

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TBB A.DVBMTUBBS OP A CREOLE. 283 ately ordered me into a berth, and gave me a glass of hot sangaree. In short, we were most kindly entertained by these gentlemen ; and, the next day, we safely landed in the town of St. Demerara. END OF THE SECOND VOLUME. LO!
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"""!"' -"' .. .. I' _} .. l I ; T f / .-f a J r J !. '- .I .f. ., ,_ LONDON; T PJUlf'l'llD aT 1AU 1rcioraa, c.un.a &Tun, 8QD.Aaa. -./ I ,;

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WARNER ARUNDELL: THE ADVENTURES OF A CREOLE. CHAPTER I. Farewell the grave pacific air, Where never mountain zephyr blew, The manhy lenla, lank and hue, Which Pan with Cerea uner !mew ; The Naiads, with obecene attire, While round them ohaunta the croaking choir." Au11un11. I LODGED in a pretty good tavern in St. George's, and was attended by the military surgeon. When it became known that I was of their profession, several medical men came to see me ; but, in spite of all their care and skill, my fever increased in violence. I lent D'Aubert three doubloons from out of VOL. III. B

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4 W -'RKBR ARUMDBLL : questing that, as 'soon as I should be able, I would join him at St. Thomas'a. My disease, from an intermittent, became a continued fever ; from which, after two months' confinement, I recovered sufficiently to walk out. During my malady, I received the greatest kindness from the good inhabitants of St. George's. I was an utter stranger to them ; but, apparently for that very reason, they paid me all the atten tion in their power. The visits of these kind strangers became so frequent, that my medical friends were obliged to interfere. During my sickness and subsequent convalescence, I wanted for nothing which could be obtained in Demerara. At length I was sufficiently recovered to visit in my tum these kind Anglo-Dutch Samaritans. The Dutch had originally settled in the upper and more healthy country, but removed down, near to the mouths of the rivers, for no other reason, that I could ever find out, but because they discovered Demerara to be as complete a South American Holland as heart could well desire ; where swamps, dams, dykes, canals, frogs, and agues, are to be enjoyed in the greatest abundance and perfection. St. George's is a fine-looking town, but is

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TBB ADVBMTUBBB OP A. CBBOLB. 6 nearly all built of wood ; hence it has been burned down twice every three years, more or less, on an ayerage. The inhabitants are a fine-looking race of people. Their customs are a mixture of those of Holland and England ; but I must protest against the general habit they have of drinking 1chnaps (small glasses of Schiedam) early in the morning. In this respect, the people of Dutch Guiana differ &om the inhabitants of the British West Indies : the latter, in general, are so abste mious that they seldom get inebriated before dinner, and scarcely ever drink any thing before noon stronger than sangaree, punch, and grog. The lower orders here speak a jargon, called Poplomento, which is a mixture of Dutch and Spanish. Until I dined with a Dutch family, I never sufficiently appreciated the humour of Falstaft"1 comparing himself,. when confined in the buck basket, to a Dutch dish stewed in grease. The cookery of Demerara is far too unctuous for my palate. One dish I must except from this sweep ing censure: it is called "pepper-pot." The relish for this, like the taste for olives and A voceda pears, is only to be acquired by practice-it being by no means a tempting-looking mess; as the reader may judge, when I inform him, it is composed of the refuse of all the edibles from the

PAGE 576

6 WA.RNBB A.RUNDELL: table, saved from day to day. Like Sir John Cutler's stockings, it (the pepper-pot) is conti nually changing, bot never allowed to wear out. Fish, tlesh, fowl, and amphibious viands, are continually added to this everlasting mess, boiled up each day with strong American peppers and casaripe. The older the pepper-pot, the more it is relished by the true gourmands of Demerara; insomuch, that I was told Mynheer von --, when he went to Europe, took with him his ancient iron boiler of pepper-pot, and a sufficient supply of casaeum and casaripe to last him during hie voyage home and out again. Not with&tanding the want of elegance in this omnium gatk.erum, I can assure the reader that, when the taste for it is once acquired, the thing is exquisite. My convalescence advancing slowly, I gained strength enough t.o look about me ; when I began thinking ofwaya and means, and calculating what I had better do before all my money was spent. One rooming early, while I was deeply engaged in these ruminations, D' Aubert came to me, and said, that a French sloop of war had come up to St. George's, on board of which was a distant relation of hie, who bad informed him, that hie A rich nuce, made t'rom the juice or the poiaonoua CUllJ'll J'09t.

PAGE 577

THB ADVBMTVBB8 OP A CBBOLB, 7 (D' Aubert's) elder brother was settled in the co lony or Cayenne, and was part proprietor or a fine estate there. He said he was going to see his brother, and persuade
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8 W A.BNBB ABUNDBLL : through the countries described ; and, lastly, because, in the course of my travels, I had met with the author. When we read a good work, we are generally disposed to think highly of the author ; but the perusal of Lavayesse's work would by no means give the reader a true insight to his character ; the production being a very laudable one, whilst its author is as infamous as political intrigue, upionage, and bigamy, or, rather, polygamy, can make him. Picton having detected this man in eome nefarious transaction, whilst the latter re sided in Trinidad, Lavayesse was obliged to fly to a French Picton declared that, if he ever caught him, he would bang him. Lavayesse heard of this ; and, knowing Sir Thomas to be a man of his word, be sailed at once for France, lest the fortune of war should place the island in which he had taken refuge in the hands of the British : be settled in the south of France. When the English invaded France (in 1814), Lavayest1e was snugly located with one of his three wives in a village near Bourdeaux. One fine morning he awoke, and found that, during the night, the British forces bad taken possession of the village. A sentry was promenading before bis door, of whom be asked, in English, to what division of Wellington's army he (the sentine9

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TBB A.DVBNTUBBS OJ' A. CREOLE. 9 belonged? General Picton's," replied the soldier. "Sacre bleu!" exclaimed the startled Lavay esse, well remembering the threat of his old enemy, whom, by the by, he bad likewise abused in his book. "Sacre bleu! bas be crossed the Atlantic, Portugal, Spain, and the Pyrenees, to find me out here I" He mounted his horse, and never stopped till he reached the gates of Paris. Although the distance between Demerara and Cayenne is trifling; yet, it being a "dead beat," with many adverse currents, we were ten days getting there : however, I did not regret the length of the passage, as the sea air renovated my health, and gave me the appetite of four English ploughmen. At length we landed in the well-fortified city of Cayenne. The meeting between my companion D' Aubert and his brother was affecting;' and, when the former introduced me as a partner of his escape, the elder D' Aubert received me with great cordiality. I now found myself, for the first time in my life, in a French colony. The slaves of Cayenne are humanely treated ; but the laws against free blacks and people of colour are a disgrace to France. Would it be believed that, in a French B2

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10 W .A.RNBR A.RUND.LL : colony, in 1819, coloured people were forbidden the use of ehoes, and that the women of the mixed race were not allowed to wear either bonnet. or gowDB. Hence the beautiful Mulattesses and Mustezes of Cayenne, out of eheer oppoeition to these etupid ordinances, ueed to parade the streets without shoes, according to law, but, at the same time, with moat elegant silk stockings. Owing to these laws, the French women of colour invented the dress which, in their colonies, i11 called a la Capresse. This consists of a rich and valuable Madras kerchief, tastefully tied round their beads, in lieu of the forbidden cap or bonnet. The strongly contraeted colours of the Madras well harmonise with their dark com plexion aud brilliant eyes. Instead of the for bidden gown, they wear a jupe, of a colour to match with their Madras; over this they wear an apron of linon, furnished with little pockets, embroidered and fringed. An elegantly plaited and fringed chemisette, with sleeves reaching but half way to the elbow, confined with massive gold huttons; a heavy neck.lace, and ear-rings of the same metal, complete their costume ; while the boeom is covered with an Indian kerchief. I have often seen beautiful European women dress a la Capres1e at a masked ball ; the costume sets off their persol!B to admiration.

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TBB .A.l>YB1'TURB8 OP A. CR!lOLB. 1 l My health being fully re-established, I spoke to the elder D' Aubett about commencing my medical practice. He immediately introduced me to Doctor de Beau, the principal physician of the colony, as an English physician and aurgeon who had escaped from the Spaniards, but who bad the misfortune to lose all hi& papen ; amongat which, eaid D'Aubert, with great serious neH, were at least half-a-dozen medical di plomas from f univernte d' .Angkterre. Having aome scruple about telling downright liea myself, I felt moat grateful to Guillaume d' Aubert for eaving me that trouble, by telling them for me. Doctor Le. Beau expressed his willingness to obtain for me a license to practise in Cayenne ; for which purpose, he stated, it was nece88&ry I should pass examination before the medical committee. I presume, sir," inquired I, the examina tion will be conducted in Latin ?" No, sir," replied the doctor, in French: you seem sufficiently to understand our langnage for that purpose." I answered in the affirmative ; but I perceived that my proposal of being examined in Latin caused the doctor to regard me with a good deal of respect. Two days after, I waited by appointment

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12 W.\RNBB .\BUNDBLL: on the committee, four in number. Their ex amination was lengthy, but by no means difficult. It consisted principally of anatomical questioos. When they asked me any thing relative to phy siology, or the practice of physic, it came in the form of queries as to what was the pracuce in England; inquiring, in each case, Comme11t f aiton chez '10Ull" Ice. Yet, on the whole, the ex amination impresseti. me with rather a favourable opinion of the medical knowledge of the com mittee ; and, what was more important, I suc ceeded in creating a similar impression on the committee, who granted me a license to practise medicine and surgery in Cayenne. After the examination was over, one of the committee iorormed me that a surgeon of the colony, who had lately died, bad left all his books and iostrumeots to his (this word has, in the French colonies, the same signification with 'housekeeper' in the English islands); and be suggested to me that I might obtain the boob and inatruments at a reasonable rate from her. I waited on her, and found her a very handsome M usteze woman. She eeemed to mourn for her late paramour as sincerely as any widow could. When I entered her humble apartment, she was seated beside a cotton ham mock, in which slept her sweet babe ; whilst

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TUB ADVBNTURBS OP A CRBOLB. 13 she watched her young orphan, and brushed the fties off with a small tamarind branch. On informing her of the purport of my visit, she shewed me the books and instruments. The former consisted principally of odd volumes of medical works, and three or four divorced tomes of Voltaire. Their companions had been lent out ; and in the colonies no one ever thinks of returning borrowed books. -The instruments, although inferior to those I had lost on the Main, were yet positively good, and in complete order. I asked her what she expected for them. She said she would leave the price to me. I offered her one hundred and twenty dollars. This she at once accepted, and with so much gratitude, that I easily perceived she considered that she was overpaid. She exclaimed, as I gave her the money, V DUB autru .Anglaia etu ri genereuz/" The poor woman with this sum stocked a little shop, and did very well. I took op my quarters on D'Aobert's planta tion, which was near the city ; and, there being few medical men, and much sickness, I soon got into extensive practice.

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14 WAR?JBR CHAPTER II. -" But, chief of all, Ob, Jou of eight I of tbee I muat complain; Blind amonget enemiee. Ob, wone tban cbaina, Danr-, or decrepid age I" &NOft.ffOttUta. "Three clYil bnwla, bred of'an airy word." B-.11u Jllli.c. WALKING along the city one day, I perceived a negro boy leading a blind old man, with long white locks hanging on his cape and over his shoulders. The old man stopped to take a pinch of snuff, when, the careless lad's attention being attracted by two dunghill cocks, who were fight ing for their own amusement on the opposite aide of the way, he cro88ed over to see the battle. The blind man missed his guide, and called out, Jean Louis, where are you ? '' The boy's attention being engaged, he did not reply. The old man again called the lad, when the boy answered, in Creole-French, "Mi 111oi ici, monaieur" (I am here, air); but still stood looking at the cocks. The blind man got into

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TBB ADVBNTUBBS OP A CBBOLB. )5 a furious passion, and attempted to cross the street. At that moment, a cart, loaded with coffee, and dragged by three mules, was trotting down the street. The negro carter was (no unusual event) asleep on the shaft. Perceiving the old creature's danger, I sprang forward, and caught him up in my arms just in time to prevent his being run over. I then carried him under a kind of piazza. When informed of the situation from which I bad rescued him, the old man thanked me, and offered me a pinch of snuff. I was surprised at observing on the lid of his box a portrait of Robespierre. But," said the old man, where is that poliuon, Jean Louis?" I am here," said the careless lad ; but, at the same' time, keeping out of the reach of his master's gold-headed cane. "Where are you t" again exclaimed the sight less man. I am here," said the little blackguard, crouching beside a large bale of cotton. The old man stepped forward, and groped about where the voice appeared to come from, till he caught hold of a corner of the bale, which he mistook for a part of the dress of his

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16 W A.RNBR A.RUNDBLL : careless guide. Uttering a countless number of "Sacre tonneru !" &c., he commenced beating the cotton-pack. Between each blow, the young ruca1 called out, Pardonne, Monsieur Victor!" Had the boy really received the blows which the blind man intended for him, every bone in his body must have been broken : the old gentle man seemed in a most vindictive mood. At length, he ceased beating from sheer want or breath, when the lad seized him by the sleeve, and began leading him away. Where," inquired the blind man, is the person who saved my life?" On stepping to him, he said,-" I thank you, citizen -I mean, monsieur ; and I shall ever be grateful." I replied, that I had done no more than the most common act of humanity ; to have neglected to have acted so would have been to have stamped me as a monster. Monsieur,'' said he, vous veritable Je suis Anglais, monsieur," I replied. Monsieur," rejoined he, I honour your country." He took oft' his little old-fashioned cocked hat, and said," Give me your hand." I did so. Come,'' said he, you must go with me

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TBB A.DVBNTUBBS OP A. CBBOLB. 17 to my cMteau. I 'respect the English : although, as a patriot, it was for years my duty to act against them, yet I honour them, because they were the firsl who shewed modern Europe the example of bringing a royal tyrant to justice. You behold in me a poor, blind, and despised old man; but, in my day, I have made some noise in the world, and history will do me justice. Like your great Milton, I have fallen on evil days. Still am I the hater of kings, kingcraft, and priestcraft.'' Wishing to know who this old man was, who modestly compared himself to Milton, I inquired whom I had the honour of addreYing? "Victor Hugues,'' said be, drawing himself up with much pride. GraciousGod! I had rescued and ebaken hands with the Robespierre of the Antilles-the in famous, the sanguinary Victor Hugues I -to whoee machinatione I owed the death of one, per haps both, of my parents. How are the mighty fallen I" I had lived to see the butcher of thousands of prisoners of war-the man who, when governor general of the French West Indies, struck terro1'.' through the Caribbean Islands. I had lived to

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18 WABNBR ABUMDBLL: behold him a helpless object of eompMSionthe sport, the mockery, of a wretched negro boy. So great had this man's power been in the West Indies, that he was able to set the French Convention at defiance ; and be kept possession of the government ofGuadaloupe in their despite, until he was displaced by stratagem, and sent to r.ule Cayenne. With a part of his ill-gotten wealth he purchased a valuable estate here ; and when, in 1809, that colony surrendered to the British, Captain Yoe, with that spirit of critninal lenity for which the English are laughed at by foreigners, allowed Victor terms of honourable capitulation, and sent him to France. There, even Napoleon, who subsequently sanctioned the atrocity of Davoust at Hamburgh, was, or pre tended to be, shocked at the murders and rob beries of Hugnes ; but, in conformity with his usual policy, he judged it better to make him dis gorge the greater part of bis plunder than to bring him to a public trial. For some years he lived despised in his native country. At the first restoration of the Bourbons he returned to Ca yenne, where he still possessed his estate Af filcted by unhonoured age and blindnese, his house was still the rallying point of all the discontented Jaeobins who voluntarily went, or for their crimes

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TBB A.DVBNTURBS OP A. CRBOLB. 19 were sent, to French Guiana. Here he lingered until 1826. Few men's lives were better formed To point a moral, and adorn a tale.'' But I anticipate.-On his announcing himself as Victor Hugues, I felt a shudder as though I had been handling an old fangleu rattlesnak,. With a sudden eft'ort I disengaged myself from the bloody hound, and involuntarily uttered the word Villain in a suppressed voice. I arti culated the expression by surprise ; for who, in calmness, could have used harsh language to one so fallen 1 but the old revolutionist caught the word, andunderstood my sudden action. He turned his face towards me-his sightless orbs glared around -all his features were writhed into a most savage espression ; and the last disciple of Robespierre stood revealed. He muttered some thing in the Marseilles patou, the meaning of which I could not catch, and then whispered something to the boy. I left him, but perceived that the little negro followed me, while his old master waited under the piazza. The next afternoon, going on board an Ame rican schooner, to attend two aeamen who were ill of the intermittent fever, the captain-a tall, slender Kentuckian, called Ezekiel Coffin-said

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WABNBB ABUNDBLL: he was going on shore to play a match at billiards with a French officer. As he knew not a word of French, be begged me to meet him at the billiard-room, to act as interpreter. This I pro mised to do ; and at the appointed hour (six o'clock) I was there. Coffin's opponent belonging to a regiment of Qte garrison, the room was rather erowded with French officers : amongst these were several dis appointed soldiers out of commission Many or these were existing at Cayenne, and were ca11ecl by the liberal inhabitant.a, t1ieu neoutadu ;' bat by the royalists they were denominated, 'Napoleon's last-stake ruffians.' I observed, after I entered the room, that Victor Hugues' boy was there. He whispered one of these old moustaches,' and, pointing to me, qnitted the room. Coffin was an over-match for his opponent, and was eleven points a-head, when a disputed stroke occurred, which created some discussion. I WBB appealed to by Coffin as interpreter, and by the other party as a judge ; but I declined inter ference in the latter capacity, stating that I had no knowledge of the game. The officer t.o whom the negro lad had whispered stepped up to me, and said, in a rude manner," Sir, you know the game well enough, but

PAGE 591

TBB A.DVBKTURBS OP A. ORBOLB. 2 l do not wish to give your opinion, because it is against your friend." I pledged my honour that such was not the case. Your honour I'' said he, with an insulting look,-" the honour of a Monsieur ROlbmuf et pomme de terre !" It was evident that this man wished to pick a quarrel with me. I resolved to do all I consist ently could to baulk hie amiable intention ; so I pretended not to hear his insult. Meanwhile, the majority of the company decided (very unjustly, I have been told) that the game should be recom menced. It was eo ; and my friend Ezekiel beat his opponent with ease, 11.nd afterwardt challenged any one in the room to play for one hundred dollars a game. But no one would take up the gauntlet; so we adjourned to another ro0m, and, calling for a bottle of claret and cigars, we com menced drinking, conversing, and smoking. Scarcely were we comfortably seated at our wine and cigars, when the rude officer entered the room. He advanced towards me, and said," I hate the smell of tobacco." Many persons," replied I, coolly, "have the same antipathy ;" and I continued my conversa tion with the American captain. Thie provoked the Frenchman, who added,-

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22 WARKBR ARUMDBLL: I have said I hate the smell of tobacco: I must add, air, I also detest those who nae cigars." It wu evident I could not escape a quarrel with this man, without the appearance of cow ardice. So I replied," Perhapt, air, you have not an equal hatred to the smell of powder, nor a similar detestation against those who use pistols." There, sir," rejoined the Frenchman, "you have divined aright. I delight in the smell of powder, and in those who have courage to draw a trigger. Are you of the number, Monsieur Godd1m'f" '' I am an Englishman-I hope I have an swered your polite interrogation; if not, I m118t add, that I am an early riser." Will you rise early enough to meet me at the pasture of St. Louis's plantation to-morrow morning at seven o'clock, with pistols, Monsieur Pomme de terre '!" I will not fail to be there, Monsieur Soupmaigre." "Enough, air,'' said the Frenchman, and he left us. Coffin's ignorance of the French language prevented his understanding what had takea place; so I explained it to him. He volunteered

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TBB ADVBNTURBS OP A. CRBOLB, 23 to stand my second, and to lend me a pair or good American pistols. It was now past eight o'clock, and the gates of the city were closed : we were, therefore, con strained to remain at the tavem. I slept little that night; for thoughts of religion, and of Maria Josefa,_ would intrude on my mind. I felt I acted wrong in acceding to the wish of a ruffian, who, it was evident, had endeavoured to insult and irritate me into a duel. But when I recollected that the high spirited senora would doubtless despise me were I to conduct myself like a pol troon, I became somewhat reconciled to my conduct. Juat as the gun fired, at five the next moming, Ezekiel left me, went on board his vessel, and brought me a plain, but very good, case of pistols. They were not hair-triggers, but went off very easily; and their barrels were remarkably trne : this I found on firing at a mark. A few minutes before seven we were at the place of appointment, when we perceived a con course of persons approaching us. I was about to retire, but perceived the mob was headed by St. Foix, the officer whom I came to meet. He advanced towards me, and, preeentiog to me a slender, genteel-looking French officer, said,-

PAGE 594

24 WARNBB ARUKDBLL: Permit me to introduce to you Major Du moulin, who will act as my friend on this occasion." I wondered at St. Foix bringing with him so many persona to witness that which, amongst the Englieh, is conducted in eecrecy. I, however, announced to Coffin the office o( Dumoulin. Unfortunately, it happened that the seconds could not undentand each other's lan guage ; so I was obliged to perform the part of interpreter between them. "The captain proposes,'' said Dumoulin, that you fight a voluntt1er." Neither Coffin nor myself knew what the Frenchman meant by fighting a volunteer. The lflajor explained that, in the French colonies, what is called a volunteer, is, placing the com batants at the distance of twelve paces, arming each with a loaded pistol, and a quantity of am munition. At a given signal the fight com mences ; each discharging his pistol as soon as he chooses, and loading and firing 88 &st 88 he is able, until one of the parties fall. This method of fighting, with some variations, has now become common in Martinique, Guadaloupe, Cayenne, and St. Lucie. Coffin expressed bis surprise at the propoaed

PAGE 595

'1BB ADVBNTURBS OF A CRBOLB. 25 method: "But," said he, "I guess it's the cus tom of the place; and so, doctor, 'when we're in Turkey, we must do as the Turks do.'" We were soon prepared with loaded pistol8, and stood at twelve paces. Commence," said Dumoulin. This was the signal agreed on. St. Foix, fearing, perhaps, that I should get the first shot at him, discharged his pistol too quickly-a common fault with young duellists : the ball passed several inches in front of me. He then commenced to reload. I had reserved my tire ; feeling confident I should have no occasion to load a second time. I aimed at giving him a flesh-wound in the upper part of the thigh. Well knowing that I could hit the centre of a card at ten paces, I doubted not that I could send a ball through any given inch of the body of a man at twelve yards; without recolleeting that a card is easier hit than a man because, the former not being able to return your fire, your ne"es are much steadier. I levelled, and pulled the trigger. My ball struck my antagonist, but hit him more than a foot above the place I aimed at: it entered into the hip-bone, and inflicted a wound of a very serious nature. As the smoke cleared off, I saw the late insolent St. Foix groaning, kicking, and writhing on the ground. VOL, III, c

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26, WARNER ARUNDELL: l joined the surgeon of the garrison in examining the wound. We noted the direction of the ball, and both shook our heads. A hammock had been provided, in which St. Foix was placed, and he was immediately borne oft' the ground by two uegroes. Coffin and myself were about moving oft', when Dumoulin accosted me thus : Monsieur, you seem to be an excellent shot ; will you allow me the pleasure of trying my skill. against yours in using the pistol?" I am not," replied I, in the habit of firing ou those with whom I have no quarrel." "But, sir," rejoined the major, "if you knew how it would gratify me, I am sure a gentleman of your politeness would not refuse me the felicity of exchanging a shot or two. Well, sir, to gratify you, let us load." Load we did. The major stood on the same spot where his principal, but a few minutes pre .. viously, was placed. l took up my old position as near as I could guue, for we did not measure the ground. I wished to give Duu1oulin the precedence in firing, but he desired me to take the first shot We paused. At length I said,-" Will you to fire ?" "..4prez 1'0fU1 moneieur," replied the major, wi&h the greates&

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TBB ADVBNTURES OP A. CREOLE. 27 In fact, had we been brothers, and our pistols charged with corks instead of balls, we could not have conducted the matter with greater biea#aMCe. Finding neither of us was willing to fire first, I proposed to toss up a franc-piece for the first shot. I did so, and lost. We resumed our dis tance. The major elevated his pistol too much. I perceived this, and, before he fired, called out," Too high-lower your aim, sir." He fired as he aimed, and the ball passed through my Leghorn hat, near enough my head to touch my hair. I told you you were too high, major." "Your shot," said be, "will be a better one, I presume.'' Let me try," I rejoined. At the same time I diScbarged my pistol. an<\ struck him six inches below where I shot St. Foix. The ball entered the muscles, but, being turned off by the bone, made one of those extraordinary routes which pittol-balls will sometimes take. It made a semicircle of one-half of the major's body, tearing its way between the muscles and the bonee. The wounded man staggered-drew bis breath through his closed teeth with a biasing eo11nd, but uttered nei&her complaint nor groan. He eoon steadied himself, and recommenced loading; but, before

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28 WARNER ARUNDBLL: he bad well got the powder _into the barrel, he again staggered, fell, and faint.eel. I was now in hopes that the day's work was over; but, as I was again moving oft'" with Coffin, a grenadier officer, of ferocious aspect, exclaimed-" Rellez, f--1 You shall also eboot me, er I will avenge the death of my comrades.'' He added much abuse, which I need not repeat. I, for the thircl time, loaded my pistol most unwillingly, to fight another .. volunteer." Again was the word, "C01Rruncez," repeated. I again wished to give my opponent precedence. He deliberately took aim-I fairly saw into the barrel of bis pistol. He wished to be sure of his mark, therefore delayed too long to pull the trigger. This is a defect in duelling, almost aw bad as firing too quickly: keeping the ana u tended for some seconds renders it ne"one and unsteady, so that, when the trigger is pulled. the baud is jerked. I obse"ed that the more the grenadier officer attempted to ateady b,is hand, the atrooger its tremor became. He pe.uaed for ee veral seconds. The torture of standing in such a 1ituation, with a mortal enemy deliberately aiming at my life, became most insupportable. My anxiety grew into rage: a sudden Cain-like thought tlaehed on my mind. To conoeive and to

PAGE 599

TRB ADVJl!ITUBBS OP A CREOLE, 29 execute vengeance, with my proficiency at aiming, and with a loaded pistol in my hand, was the work of one and the same instant. I fired, and struck my opponent right over the region of the liver. This jerked bis arm-his ball went several feet above my head-he gazed wildly around, uttered a deep groan, and fell on the earth. The looks of the bystanders indicated that he was mortally, wounded. I calculate," eaid Coffin, they'll let you alone now." His calculation was fallacious : several voices called out for satisfaction and for vengeance; but all proposed to fight with the small sword. "Be it so," said J ; I can only fight one at a time. Choose your w8Rpons. I added, in Englieh, to Coffin, They want my life, and I'll sell it dearly." That's right," answered the American ; make hard bargains to the last. Just our way in old Kentuck." My readiness in acceding to fight with the small aword made 11everal hang back; but, under pretenoe of sending to the garrison for a pair of swords, some delay took place, during which, as I afterwards learned, the following manumvre wae put in practice. There was in the fort a corporal, who was considered the best swordsman

PAGE 600

30 'W'ABNBB ABUNDBLL: in the colony. A friend of the man I had last wounded ran to him hastily, and briefly told the corporal what had taken place ; offering him two louis, and his interest to obtain him promotion to a halbert, if he would fight me. The corporal readily consented, but remarked that I, being an Englishman, might object to fight with -a souo.fficier. To obviate this, an officer's coat, far mo tight for him, was procured ; and he came thus dressed on the field, with a pair of small swords: of these he offered me the choice. From my boyhood I was an excellent fencer, and at this period was in good practice, aa I ueed to take a bout at the foils every day with the younger D' Aubert ; so that I felt as coo6dent of success with the sword as the pietol-aad io mortal combat, confidence, to use a homely phrase, is "half the battle." I caat a gflance at my opponent. He teemed a well-made young man, but hie appearance was injured by hie epauletted coat, which, I ba\>e be fore said, was far too small for him. Having on only a light nankeen jacket, I did not strip fi>r the encounter, but merely turned up my sleevta. '' PuU oft' your coat, said sevel1al officers to the corporal. He took it half oft'; but, by this act, the French soldier diacovered a very ragged shirt. He hastily put it on again.

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TRB A.DVBNTUBBS <>P A. CREOLE. 31 ''Take ofF your ooat," again exclaimed eeveral friendly voices. "Never," said the man, io an under-tone, :which, however, I overheard; "never will I allow the English coquin to laugh at the ragged shirt of a French soldier." The poor fellow's honest, yet ridiculous na tional pride, was at once ludicrous and pathetic. The encounter commenced. My opponent handled bis weapon well, bot I bad several ad vantages over him. Firstly, his unfortunate tight coat acted considerably against him, by restraining the free nee of his arm. M expected I was a novice in the use of too sword, and treated me with contempt, until a prick on the upper part of his right ann convinced him that I understood the use of my weapon. Lastly, l had the advantage in length of arm. I acted almost wholly on the defence, till he longed out too far. I parried his thrust, returned it with a feint, and pricked him in the breast with a coup de Bonde. Thia was merely a flesh wound, but it made the eorporal lose bis temper. He tilted at me w.ith 90eh fury that I could have repeatedly taken hi11 life, but contented myself with giving him a third 8Cl'at.cb, as I now felt confident I could master him at pleasure. He had lost much blOQCl he l>ecame furious as he grew weak-he leaped for-

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32 W A.RNBB .A.BUJIDBLL : ward at me so quickly, that he nearly plunged his sword through me. Bot my life was eaved by a mere accident. In springing forward he alighted on a mushroom, which made him slip and fall. I lowered my sword as he fell. Bravo!" exclaimed twenty voices. Again the corporal came to the scratch ; but be acted with more caution, as several voices called out to him to keep bis temper. I now became the assail.ant; and, after a feint or two, I pot in practice a trick which my uncle George had taught me when I was a boy, and which was peculiar to him. It was a manooovre by which you get your opponent's swordpoint into your own guard ; and, with a sudden jerk, not easily leamed or described, you disarm your antagonist. The trick succeeded. My nent's sword flew out of his hands, and he stood at my mercy. He gnashed his teeth, stamped, tore his hair ; until, overcome with the violence of his feelings, and the loss of blood, he fainted. It was evident to the spectators that I could repeatedly have killed him. They looked on me with awe, for I had defeated their best swords. man ; yet did they eye me sullenly-afraid to attack me, but most unwilling that I should leave the field with a whole skin. Suddenly, the two D'Auberts, with a party

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THE A.DVBKTURB8 OP A. CREOLE. 33 of Royalisw, appeared : for hitherto all the speetatonl present were of the Jacobin faction ; and party-spirit, at this period, in Cayenne, was at a pitch of frenzy. '' Where are the ul&88ins," said the younger D' Aubert, who have plotted to take the life of my brave eomrade, to gratify that rancorous old blind adder, Victor ff ugues ? In an instant the whole cause of the duels stood explained. I now undentood why Hugues's negro boy followed me; why he pointed me out to St. Foix, and whispered to him in the billiard room; and wherefore the latter had fastened a quarrel on me. The fact was, I bad mortally oft'ended the old wretch, by uttering the word villain I" as I left him. He vowed vengeance, and had endeavoured to keep bis vow. In a French colony it is difficult to find an &81881io ; but duellists have ever abounded in them. All the men I had wounded (11ave the corporal) were the direct of Victor Hugues; the soldier was indirectly in his employ. On the arrival of the D'Auberts and their party, all was confusion. The most violent lan guage waa used on both sides ; at least every third word waa an oath, and every oath comprii;ed three or four r's, which rattled in the throats of the swearers so roughly, that one would c2

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WA.RNBR ARUllDBLL: have supposed each of them had swallowed a curry-comb, which was yet sticking in their throats. Each man wished to speak, and none appeared to care about being heard From nasal speaking, cursing, swearing, struggling, and stamping, they came to boxing, a la Franf
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TRB A.DVBNTDRBS O P A. OBBOLB. 35 was who had overheard the conspiracy on the part of Victor Hugues, St. Foix, and their asso ciates. She informed the police of what she had overheard, who sent their lazy gau d'artRU to prevent mischief. They never interfered, as I have shewn, till at the end of the fray. The poor woman also related to D' Aubert the same circumstance ; and by hie interference, in all probability, my life was saved. The Mustese thought I bad acted liberally towards her, and she was grateful. After she quitted me, l attempted an act of devotion for my signal deliverance ; but I found my mind too much weighed down by a sense of guilt for me to pray. I then went on boa.rd the American schooner to visit my patients. Here 1 met Coffin, who advised me to quit Cay enne instantly, as I should always be looked on with hatred by the Jacobin party in that colony. He said that, having met with but a dull sale for his notions" at Cayenne, he was about to proceed to Trinidad, to which island he would give me a passage. I promised to think of his kind oft'er, and retunied ashore; and, oo my arrival, inquired concerning the men I had wounded. I may as well inform the reader at once what became of them. St. Foix, although lamed for life, lived long

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36 WARMBB ARUNDBLL: after. Dumoulin had the ball extracted, and wa1 well in six weeks. The wounds of the poor cor poral were very slight. But the most astonishing casualty was in the case of the furioui grenadier officer, whom I had supposed mortally wounded: he had received but a slight hurt. The fact ap peared, either I bad overloaded or underloaded my pistol. The ball struck him on one of the t&lse ribs : this, yielding to the blow without breaking, saved him from a wound in the liver. The ball, which had scarcely penetrated the skin, was easily removed ; the false rib was l'f'.Stored to its former position, and in a week the patient was well. All this I heard at a later period than the one I now write of; at which time I merely learned that the wounded men genei-ally were doing well I was hesitating about taking the advice of the American skipper, when the French govern ment saved me the trouble of deciding. The day after my duel, an ordinance was duly published in the colony. of Cayenne, and throughout all other French colonies, which prohibited any Eng lishman from holding real property in any 1''reoch colony, or from exercising any trade or calling therein, the profibt of which amounted to six hundred dollars per annum. I must beg the reader's permission to say

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TBB ADVB1'TURE8 OP A CREOLE. 37 a few words on the subject of thia just and liberal law. At the end of the last war, the standard of England and her allies floated triumphant over the gates of Paris. Every French col(lny was in possession of the English ; and they had been dearly purchased with the blood of thousands of the children of Great Britain, elain in their con quest, and tens of thousands who had perished in keeping them. Yet, at the peace, in the exercise of that spirit of generosity which the English con sider magnanimity, but which foreigners deride as sheer folly, our ministers gave back to France, Martinique, Guadeloupe, Cayenne, and the Isle of Bourbon, without any reservation in favour of such British subjects as had embarked large capitals in these colonies, while in possession of England. A few years alter this wisely negotiated peace, the French government expelled every Englishman from those islands, and from Cayenne, like convicts, at a few weeks' warning, obliging them to sell their properties for any thing the French colonists chose to give them. Yet, at this same time, Frenchmen were, and still are, in pos session of the most valuable properties in Canada, the Isle of France, St. Lucia, and Trinidad ; where they contrived, and still contrive, to make for tunes much quicker than Englishmen, and where,

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38 W .A.RN8R .A.RUNBBLJ. : in fact, they acted, and still act, as though they were the rightful proprietors of the soil-beading every contemptible faction against the govemment, and insolently treating the English as mere inter lopen. hl the colonies last mentioned, the lan guage is more French than English: they will not condescend to learn our barbarous tongue ; they always send their children to France, to be edu cated as Frenchmen, in detestation of English men. Coe/ion Anglais is the common designation applied to us ; and French priests in these colonies are oontinually preaching damnation to all heretics. Verily, John Bull, thy designation is only a nomme de g11erre-in peace thou shouldest be called John Calf. I gathered in as many of my debts as I conve niently could, took leave of the D'Auberts and one or two of my acquaintances, and embarked, with my books, trunks, instruments, and about four hundred dollars in money, on hoard the Ark, Captain Coffin, for Trinidad. Thia remark applies, not to Catholic prieata in general, but only to the French priests in thoae coloniea.

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.. TBB ADVB1'TUBB8 O A C.EOLB. 39 CHAPTER III. The wild deer and wolf to a coert can ftee; But I have no refuge from aorrow and dangerA home or a country remains not for me." CAllPHt.L. IT was afternoon when I went in a canoe on board the Ark. Going towards the vessel, I met the skipper in his gig, pulling ashore. He told me that he could not sail before evening, u his people had to take oft' some molasses : he had to wait, besides, for five passengers ar.d their ser vants. Unwilling to retum ashore, after being weJl prepared for my departul'e, I went on board the schooner. The only men on boanl were my two late patients, who were now convalescent, yet scarcely able for active duty. I went below, and, with the assistance of these men, got my small travelling mattrass into the best berth-using thus the tact and selfishness of an old traveller. Experience may often improve our wisdom, but it seldom amends our morals.

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40 1"ABNBR ARUNDBLL: Being somewhat wearied with the exertiota of getting ready for my little voyage, I lay down in my berth, took a volume of La Fontaiue, and en joyed that pleasing state a man gets into when reposing from corporeal labour, and tasting the sweets of mental leisure. About au hour after I came on board, I heard a canoe approach the vessel. I perceived, from the berth I occupied, that a man and a woman came on board. The man spoke in Creole French to the people of the cauoe about the price of bringing him on board, when he suddenly ea.id,-" Great God, Julia! I have forgotten the rosary that my poor mother gave me : it bangs over the chamber-door; for Heaven's sake return and get it.'' Mter some grumbling, the female consented to return, and she went ashore in the canoe. The male passenger now addressed the two Americans in French, and asked when the cap tain would be on board 1 '' I guess I can't understand your gibberish," said one of the people. The man now walked aft, and commenced talking to himself; for he seemed one of thoae who have the. infirmity of being obliged to think aloud. They speak not French : I must not seem to

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TBB A.DVBMTURBS OP A. CRBOLB. 4) ondentand English, or that circumstance might betray me one day or other." He paused : then said," Would that we were fairly at eea I shall never deem myself out of old Victor Hugues' power until I am far from this nest of pestilence; &hen will the blind wretch who, for twenty-five years, bas been my evil genius, be balked of bis victim. Bot should I be discovered at Trinidad 'Tie scarcely possible; and, at worst, I can bot ftnieb this hunted, persecuted being, by taking the dose old Julia hae prepared for me. Let the priest say what be will, I will not die the death of a felon, although I may perish like a dog : the gibbet shall never claim my body as a traitor, although Satan may get my soul through my suicide." I heard the above soliloquy involuntarily: it wae evident he who uttered this strange mono logue intended it not for other ears, u it was enough to caoee him to be looked on as an object of suspicion where he was going. Not wishing to overhear more of his discourse with himself, I left my berth ; passed forward between the decke, crawling over the remains of the Ark's cargo of notions.' By these means I got before the mast, and came op by the fore hatchway. I then en tered into conversation with the two American

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eeamen1 while the unknown paesenger wallr.ed backward and forward on the after part of the deck, muttering to himeelf. At length, on per ceiving me, he desisted from hie walk, and eat down on a hen-coop. I walked aft to salute him, and perceived that I had seen him before ashore; for, once seen, be .was too remarkable to be forgotten. He replied to my salute, and seemed to wish to avoid me. I will, however, describe him. He was a mao much above the middle stature, very large-booed, -or, to ase a more appropriate term, raw-boned. Never in my life saw I any one who betteT de served the appellation of a living ekeleton than my fellow-passenger; he would have been an ex cellent allhject for Brookes to give a lecture on osteology. His hair was crisped, but gray : he wu, I euppoee, a mulatto; but his skin had such a f>&llid hue, and his visage seemed eo cadaverous, that it was not easy to decide from what race or races he was descended. His eyes were 1-ivid, ebooting their restless glances aro11nd, as if in suspicion ; they had that appearance of wildness which I should judge symptomatic of latent inanity ; they were protruded, yet surrounded by a deep hollow, u if the bony orbits were too big Mr bis organs of vision. He had a large and remark ably fine aret of teeth ; these (as his mouth wu

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TRB A.DVZ!f'l'U&BS OP !. CRBOLB. 43 rather wide) looked eooepicuous, and with his pale lips and lank cheeks, w:hich seemed little more than parchment-Jike skin. His fine teeth would have ornamented an ordinary set of features, but they added to the ghasdinees of his spectral lineaments. His inclination to eoli loquy I have already noticed ; but when be was listening to another, and thinking of what be ehould reply, his lips mond as though he prac-. tiaed inaudible speech, if I may be allowed the expreseion. This reminded me of the aetioa of eome people, who, if suddenly asked which is their right hand, cannot reply until they go through the motion of handling a pen. The female companion of this singular looking being now came on board, and gave him the mhlaing rosary, together with a nnall bag of relios which many of the old creoles carefully wesr round their necks : she called him by the name of Saint Jago. This woman seemed rather under the middle size ; her attitude was erect, her teeth perfect, her skin of glouy blackness, and her eye clear enough to belong to a person who had only attained middle age : yet, on looking closely at her shining bald head, and a hundred minute wrinklet1 on her forehead and cheeks, uy one accustomed to behold those l'emarkable specimens

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44 WABNBR ABUNDBLL: of longevity which are often met with amonget negroee (especially of Jamaica and Martinique), would pronounce that the old woman was near a hundred years of age. Such, indeed, was the fact ; although she seemed as active and healthy as most persons of half her patriarchal years. Presently, Captain Coffin came oft' with the molasses he had long been waiting for. Another boat came, with three more puseogers and their ee"ants : these consisted of an Eogliah gentle man who bad settled in Cayenne, but who was obliged to quit the country on account of the late laws ; a very beautiful young lady, who was his daughter ; and his eon. The latter had been eent, at the age of ten, to France, for his educa tion : there he forgot bis native tongue, without properly acquiring the French vernacular; hence he now spoke English with a French accent, and pronounced French like an English traveller, who, posting through Europe, obtains enough of French to make himself understood. The anchor was weighed : we aet sail with a fine breeze, and, two days after this, the Ark was making her way amongst the Grenadines. The sun was setting, as the light schooner careered merrily amongst the islets. As we ap proached my native land, Grenada, Saint Jago, my mysterious fellow-passenger, who, until this

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THE ADVBlfTUBBS OP A CREOLE. 45 part of the voyage, was always below deck, now came up. Leaning over the bulwarks, be looked intently at the outlines of the island, which now appeared on the edge of the horizon, as it were, mingled with the clouds of the evening. He did not speak ; but his lips moved, and he repeatedly sighed. A tear now and then gathered in his wild eye, and rolled down his pallid cheek. Night came on : still this singular man remained fixed in the same position, and as immovable as the figure-head of a ship. Leaving Saint Jago still on deck, I descended the companion-ladder, and at a late hour went to my berth and slept. I awoke the next morning very early; the moon being full, I mistook its light for twilight, until I came on deck, when I perceived my error ; but, being now abreast my native isle, which the vessel was slowly passing, I resolved not to return to my dormitory, but to remain on deck, and get a good view of Grenada as the sun rose. By the light of the moon I again perceived this spectral mulatto, apparently in the very position I left him the, previous night. Still were his eyes fixed on the land of my birth. I climhed into the main-top, in order to get a good view of Grenada. Soon the brief twilight of the tropics mingled with the lunar rays, until, through a congregation

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48 W ARl(BR ilUlfD.B.LL : At the beginning of the wat. whiC)}i followed the :French Revolution, he bad been captured and kept on board a prison-ship at Gnadaloupe, where he suffered and witnessed incredible cruelty from this now fallen man. In short, in this conTena tiou I gained the friendship of Dr. A. I now consulted my new-made friend about obtaining a license. I related under wbat cir cumstances I left England, under whom I had studied in London, and informed him of my active practice in Columbia and at Cayenne. I believe," said Dr. A., "you will not find it difficult to pass the medical board, of which I have the honour of being president, and to which I can introduce you. We meet to-mo.JTow. week : in the mean time, if you wish to brush up your medical studies. my library is at your service." I took the hint, and for a week devoted most of my time to the library of Dr. A.; and on the appointed day presented myself as a candidate for examination before the medical board, which consisted of a president and three members. The first inquiries of this body were direc&ed to ascertain my knowledge of Latin. This they did not do by putting questions to me in that lan guage; but they placed in my hands Gregory' Conspectus, and asked me to tranelate a page

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TRB "-DVBKTUBBS OP "-CRBOLB. 49 or two. As it wanted neither a Parr nor a Poreon to constrae this, J easily made the extempore translation required. The first question asked of me was by a Dr. Burke, a gentleman of respectable medical attain ments, but one who wii1hed to pass himself oft' for a wit. "Suppose," said the would-be facetious doctor, you were called in to attend a patient who was attacked with typkU8 icteroides, and he were to die the second day of your attendance, what would you do?" "The same as most West Indian medical practitioners would do," was my reply. And .what is that?" Try to make the executors of the deceased pay me for killing him." This retort on the ill-timed joke of the doctor turned the laugh against him. I will not repeat the rest of the examination : it consisted of a jumble of questions from the members, on the subjects of surgery, anatomy, physiology, chemistry, the materia medica, the practice of physic, and one or two questions abo11t botany When the members had exhausted their inquiries, the president took me in hand. I found that Dr. A. possessed the art of sounding the depths and shallows of my medical VOL. 111, D

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kaowledge in a superior tlegree to the otlt.er three. He had been at one time an exuniner in the university of Edinburgh: he bad received bis eduieation there du.ring the days of its glory ; besides this, he bouted thirty years of merlical experience in the W eat Indies. The doctor seemed determined to draw me out : he, how ever, Ceased questioning me, and declared himself satisfied with my proficiency : in tba opinion the rest of the board concurred. The worthy president waited on the governor, and announced that I had been found competent to practise physic and surgery in Trinidad. Sir R. Woodford granted me a license, whiea was an nounced in the gazette of the colony. The town was at this time overstocked with medical men ; but one part of the island wu much in want of them. From the Great Pitch Lake, all the way to the southern extremity of the island, not one physician was to be found to attend the thinly scattered population. I hired a small, wooden, cottage -looking house, about three miles from the village of La Brea ; purchased a horse, and very soon obtained an extensive, but not very lucrative, practice. The fact was, the population in this part of the island only live in detached spots on the sea border ; hence I was often obliged to ride thirty

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TBB Al>TB1'TURU OP A CRBOLB. 51 miles to visit a patient. My exertions and labour were severe; bot I cared little for this. I had still three years to spend away from Columbia, wherein all my hopes were centred. I counted the days that I was to pass before I could CJ'088 over to the Main in eeareb of Maria Josefa, who occupied all my dreams and much of my waking thoughts. Little news from tlLe Main eYer reached me, on account of the furious way the war wu carried on in Colombia, and the unaccountable hatred of Sir R. Woodford to the cause of South American independence. We in Trinidad, al though living in sight of the Main, knew no more of w bat went on there than we did of the politics of China.

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52 W .ABllBB A.BUKDBLL : CHAPTER IV. TJae cibiftnt action of mu. of gt'ftt tpirit, i1 oner co .. out of acticm. We sbould tbi11k tbe IOU! wu oner pat Uito tJa. body to ataod still." -Joew W &a1T1:.a. TRERB was one advantage in my present situa tion. I was kept in continual and ip laborioua employ by my practice. This supported my animal spirits. He whose body and mind are active seldom becomes melancholy. Had it not been for this circumstance, my four of hopeJess banishment from her who waf/ Qf m1 heart wouJd have been intolerable. My practice was not very lucrative, .. for the greatest number of my patients poor people of colou r, who had little or no to pay They generally, however, sent me so many pre sents of fish, poultry, vegetables, and eggs, that well at very little cost. I attended a few :plantations by the year, as is the custom in and the profits which I derived fro111. them more than supplied my wants ; fol'.,. al-

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TBB .lDVBNTURBS OP .l CR1'0LB. 53 though, 88 I berore said, I never was a good manager in pecuniary matters, yet, on the other hand, I never was extravagant. I must now relate a circumstance that had considerable influence on my fortunes. The negroes in Trinidad were, generally, well treated. This I attributed to the prevalence of the Spanish law, beyond comparison the most humane for the government of slaves or any ever devised; but I need scarcely add, that, in spite of the most hu mane laws, from the nature of slavery the bonds man's situation must depend on the disposition of his master or manager. Many have asserted, that all who govern negro slaves in the colonies are monsters. This absurdity is believed by the mass of the people of England; while those who attempted to defend the abominable system or West India slavery, pretend that instances of cruelty never occur. Those who manage slaves have immense power over their happiness ; and human power never did, never can, exist without being abused. Great violence has been shewn by the condemners and approvers of colonial slavery: I however, it will be found that the crimes of slave-owners, in general, have been exaggerated; but that the system itself was not, in fact could not, be too loudly condemned. Such are my opinions of slavery; which are necessary

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W.A8MBR ..lRUBDLL: here to be in order that the following cireulllltanoes may be uoderBtood. There was a plaotatioo near my dwelling, owned and managed by a. foreigner, of the name .of Jacopo. One day, as I was riding by the beaeh between my home and his plantation, I perceived awretehed negro lying on the nd and moaning. I dismounted to learn what was the matter with the poor creature. I found him suft'ering oder the dilease called mal d' atomac, and from the eft'eeta of a most unmerciful Bogging, which ap peared to have been recently inftieted. I never aw a ma.o'a ekin 10 terribly torn. Perceiving, from the symptoDll of the man, that he wu in aa alarming state, I called to two fishermen, who, for a small sum of money, conducted the miserable slave to my dwelling. Here I dressed his lacerated back, and gave him a little wine ud other restoratives ; for medicine the patient eoald not take. I asked him who was his master? He told me it was Jacopo. The slave thea related to me occurrences of atrocity perpetrated by this mao, which horrified me. I ahould scarcely have believed all this, but for three corroborative circumstances. Firstly, Jacopo never suffered either myself or any other medical man to vilit hi1 tl.;M; 88CODdly, the deaths whioh oc curred on his plantation were aupicious ; and,

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TBB .A.DVBlfTUR&B OP .6. O.llBOLB! 66 tRirdly, the appearance or the miserable object relating tbeae acts of atrocity, who wu evidendy in the last etage of"""' d'eltomae, and yet had received that day a flogging eufticieat to endaager the life of a hMltlty man. What shall I do with this poot creature t it would be inhuman to send him to his master," apostrophised I aloud. The negro heard this, and !'Ole from the pallet on which I had placed him. He looked at me, and said,-" No, no, good massa doctor; no send me to cruel m888& ; let me die here, and I will pray God Almighty to bleas you witla my dyiag word." To have returned the man to hia remoneleee master would have been an act of the gresteet i1lhumanity. I immediately wrote a note, esplaining the situation of the slave, to the oemmandant (for so the magistrates of Trinidad were ea.lied), and ordered my 1:1e"ant to mount my horse aad ride there : but on his way I told him to call otl two of my neighbours, and urge their immediate attendance at my residence ; for I felt 888ured that the poor creature had not loog to live When my servant left me, the Alriean's fatal .ympt.oms increased rapidly; his dark. skin turned to a livid palenese, hi1 eyes rolled wildly, hie

PAGE 624

pulle became weak aud irregular, his handa -&D.d Eet aa cold as marble, and he closed ws eyea.. li9peleas, I poured a little bu.mt brmdy into his mouth : he it, bot opeo.ed .his eyet, lopk.ed. wildly at me, and said,. that you, good doctor? God bleable you!" After this, the fatal eymptoma inereued, and the death-rattle 11ounded in bi11 tbroa&. My servant bad now been gone au.fficiently long to .retarn from his errand: but. it appeared ihe ieo.mt11andant was on a visit to town; and, to ihe disgrace of the be it spoken, .tl\'9 ieltud posseues no coroner, At. length .I perqeived my senaut riding along the .coa11'7 fp)loiwed. by three .persons mouoied : these I eooll wade oat lo be tb.e two fl'ienda I had sent for, .ud Jacope. The latter walk8'1 in.to my hall in a furious paesion, .followed by my two neighbou.n. He was a remarkably dark man for an F..uropean, and 1'0re e&l'-rings. He add.retsed me with great wrath in Pren.eh, wbieb he spoke ba.dly,.and with a singing Italia.D accent. The following W&log11e took place. How dare you eueourage my r1111a.way negroee in you houte ? 1 I am Mt in the. habit or .being addressed so abruptly; aod when gentlemen come into my

PAGE 625

TRB .lDVBNnltul8 OP A cmBOLB, 5"/ house, they take off their hats. But to your queetioo: your slave was not a runaway. -1 fuund him on the beach in a state of exliaomon, and had him carried into this house." And how dared you to interfere between me and my slaves ? Sorely I may do what I like with my own slaves. I will do so, in spite or every Englishman in the island, and of the rascally English government, who wish to plunder me of my property." Jf I am rightly informed, Mr. Jaeopo, you came sixteen years ago to this island, with a pedlar's pack, from Martinique :' you, I have been told, now poeeess a barrel of dollars and doubloons. I do not mention yoor former poor 1tate to hurt your feelings, but only to remind you that, in common prudence, yon ought not to abuse the govemment in whose territory you have raised yourself, in a few years, from beggary to wealth You shall answer for this abuse, doctor. But I have come for my slave Quashe ; he is in this house, and I will have him he it my property." "He will ecarcely be worth the trouble of being carried home, sir, as a piece of property." : Being carried h<>me the viltain shall walk 1>2

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68 home, and. I'll horsewhip him every 1tep of the way. I i.oaist on 1eeiog my necro." Behold him exclaimed I : at the ea.me time I threw open the inner door of my apenmeat, and poinLed &o the corpee of the murdered wretch, 11 it lay on the pallet, with the visible marka of having died &om ill treatment upon him. Behold your property ,, The two spect&tors of this scene recoiled with horror. Jacopo turned blue in the face as he bebeld the remains of the victim of hia cruelty. 1 pointed tomy door, and motioned him to quit my house, u I regretted 1 had not the means of arresting him. He did not obey my direction, but, after a pause, commenced abusing me in the JD01t outrageous manner in Italian; a language which, although .1 could read 8lld understand, I oould :aot 1peak. Quit m.y houae, sir!" exclaimed I. He UMd his scurrilous language with redoubled violence, employing every oath in hit native tongue ; and "9 Jaaguage1 have auch a va.riety of imprecation u that of Italy. Hitherto my indignatioa was so intease, that it restrained my ire ; but bis per eistipg io refusing leave my apartaieot, toge. Uier with bis scurrility, made me break. oot into opea rage. l teir.ed the 1COU11drel bJ the tbodlder,

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TBB ADVDTURBS OP ORBOLB. 69 and exclaiming, Quit my hou1e, murdered" I ftung him from me with euch fury that he went through my door, and fell against a kind of wooden railing. Thia gne way t.o tlle velocity with whieh I threw him, and he rolled down a hill on which the house at.ood. Recowring himself, he recommenced bis abuse; until, pereeiing I was again advancing on him, he mounted his horse, and galloped along the beaicb towarcla his own plantation. I now opened and made a polt-neortem exa mination of the body befOre my two frieadt ; and, it being impossible to keep it much loitger, I cauaecl it to be aa decently interred u circum stances would admit of. I then hired a fiehing-boat, in which I went to tcnn!;"tUld distinctly related all that had red to the governor. Hie excellency thaked me fOf' the promptitude and zeal I displayed in the matter ; sent me to the attorney..general, who took down my deposition, to which I 1wore ; and a warrant was deepatched by the alpaail mayor to apprehend Jacopo. Unfortunately, the movements of the alguuil mayor were conducted with too little eecrecy. He embarked on hi1' duty in a sloop ; but the friends uf Jacopo, having got information of what was goiag on, despatched a shore-boat with inform--

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60 ation to him. Tbe alguazil mayor'a vellel was Healmed, &od therefore the boat got dowa eight houn before him. Jacopo hired a French maug gliog veeeel from Martinique, to carry hina o.r &he colony. He paaeed through the Serpent's Mouth, taking with him bis barrel of moaey and the eucration of his slaves. As this affair waa never allowed to appear in the newspaper of the island, how the acco11Dt of it got to England I never could diaeorer; b11& this I know, that, four months after, I receied a franked letter from the secretary of the Anti slavery Society, thanking me for having brwgbt to light the cruelty of Jacopo, and requesting ma to give him information on a number of subjecta respecting slavery in Trinidad. He begged. me to answer a whole list of queries ; and, bf "'"1 of a postecript, the seeretary added. tile 89Ciety would gladly reimburte me for any expemea I might be at in obtaining the iufurmation 1'4'qWred. I saw through the real purport of tbit le&&er : it was merely offering me a bribe to become a spy. oo the community amongst which I lived. l wrote to the secretary in reply, thu I did not.like to become a member of either the aotislavery or pro.slavery party 1 that, with regard to tbe aftidr of Jacopo, I had only dooe my duly, and-Wpeil I should always act the 'Jame way, should I be

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TBB .lDVBN1't1RB8 OP 4 OREOLB. 61 placed in similar ciroamt.tt.oees ; further, that; although I knew a apy to be a 11cmary evil, yet it wu an nilf and that, as a gentleman, I abhor red mk.ing on myself 80 mean an office: finally, I begged to deuline further correspondence. After writing this letter, I sealed, directed it, and sent it to town by a drogller, requesting the master of the ve111el to rot it in the post-office. Here I did wrong: I should have taken the letter to town myself; for the captain, an illiterate man, instead of puttiag my letter in the post-oflice, sent it, with twenty other letters for town, into the newi;..room (there is no internal post-office in Trinidad)! it lay there for two weeks, exposed on the table to the ga:r.e and speculation of all the violent pro-slavery gentlemen that visit it. Inquiry was set afoot : the letter was found to have come from. me, add instantly I became a man suspected of corresponding with the enemy. No one would touoh the letter. Had it come from a land of pestilence, it could not have been more avoided; until a half.pay officer, who was settled in the island, took it to the post-office. This gentleman waa a violent anti.slavery partisan; bot he was a man of eo a was 80 impru daaij and bad such a total disregard for troth, tlaet : would have hurt the most righteous cause that ewr existed. W-heu attacks were Dlade on

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W AKNBB .lRU'HDaLL : my character, he inflicted an injury on me by attempting my defence. He said be was my friend ; that I wu right to expose the horrors of the present system ; that I was a man of first rate courage and talent ; and that, in a short time, I would make the slavers' tremble at my name. This penon's defence of me injured me much. Although I never spoke to the in my life, I knew not theee circumstances for a month after tbia event, but then l found them out to my cost. All this suapicion and misrepresentation might have been avoided, bad I myself placed the letter in the post-office. Our duty to our neig-hboura forbids our doing wrong ; our duty to ourselves bids l18 avoid the appearance of doing wrong.

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I TBB A.DVSKTUBBS OP A CR'BOLB. 63 CHAPTER V. Were the 1econd1 u anne to shedding blood 11 the principU., duel1 would be 1.eu fatal than they p-u, -"-Z..oon. A FEW days after sending this letter, I was called one morning to endeavour to restore animation to a boy that was apparently drowned. After nearly exhausting all the methods used on auch occasions, I had the happiness of aucceeding in re111s citating the youth. I ordered him to bed; told the people in attendance what to do, and returned to my house. I found there, waiting for me, a gentleman named Powel. He asked to speak with me in private. I took him into my ber, and be opened his commission. It appears & Mr. Nayamith, a friend of his, had got into a quarrel with a Mr. Smith, after having dined to gether at Powel's house. The cause of thie im portant dispute was this : as the wine circulated. the partie8 indulged in that ill-natured kind of raillery called quizzing. Naysmith eaid to Smith, that he would not have such a name as Smith had, for it indicated that his ancestor who ga:ve

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W ARl'fBB AllU'HDBLL : name to the family must have been a blacksmith." Very tne," replied Smith, be was so; ud your great-grandfather was his apprentice. But my ancestor found yours such a donderheaded fellow, that, after serving eix years with him, the mater kick.ed the apprentice out or his shop, telling him that he was so stupid that, do what he could, be would be nae smit!&. Thie is the cause of your family's name of Naysmith." Would it be believed, that this most ridiculous pun on a man's name brought on a quarrel-a challenge and was likely to terminate in a dael? I being the only medical man in the quarter, Powel called on me, by consent o( both parties, to offer me one hundred dollars if I would attend on the ground as surgeon. You, Mr. Powel, are the friend of Mr. Naytmith : who is the friend of Smith?" Mr. Snnthsoa," replied Powel. '" Enough smiths on this occasion," rejoined I, "to stand a hammering: no doubt they will not flinch from fire. Where is to be the place, and what the hour of meeting?'" The parties are to meet," said Powel, at the back of the old boiling-house on SheJdock grove estate, at five this evening." Enough, sir; I will be there."

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TRB A.DVHTO.RBS OI' A. CIUIOLB. 66 With this ueurance the eecond quitted me. Left to myself, I began to consider on the aft'air seriously. Here were two young men about to try to take each other's livea, on account of & quarrel too ridiculous even for laughter. I put both parties and their seconds dowo as fools, but I often found that fools c.ould 6re good shots. On the whole, I conceived it to be my duty to apply secretly to a magistrate of the quarter, Mr. Pennyfeatber, and get the parties bound &o keep the peace. I rode to the estate of that gentleman, who lived about a mile from my resi dence. His mansion st0$d off the ground, ele. vated on hard wood so that a carriage might \le driven under the floor of his dwelling. As I approached this Trinidad Temple of Themis, a paper was blown out of the and into my C.ce. At it was not sealed, I bad the curi osity to look at this document. It commenced thus: Personally appeared before me, Richard Pennyfeatber, magistrate, myselt, Richard Penny&ather, esquire, pleater, who, being, duly sworn," &c. &c. The fact is, tbe wortb.y Mr. Pennyfeather swore to an affidavit before himself, taking the oath as a planter, swearing himself, and duly authenticatiog the paper as a magiltrate. This stray paper gave me no great idea. of the wisdom of Mr. Pennyfeather.

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66 W AB1'SR ABVBDKLL : I walked up the alieps of hia wooden house, and entered the hall. Here the magiatrate was seated at a large cedar table, dreeaed in hie roie tk chacbre. On his head wu tied a Madru kerchief, and he wore slippers ; one ear was uncovered, in order to allow it to 80pport a pen. He had a round contented faee, which he did all he could to compote into magisterial solemnity. He appeared" As who should say, I am Sir Oracle, And when I ope my liPs let no dog bark.'' His table was covered with papers. On it were plaeed, 'Johnston on the Law of Spain,' and a prayer-book, with two stripes of blue paper, in the form of a cross, pasted on one side of it, fur the benefit of such Catholiee as wished to be sworn. He sat in an arm-chair, with one leg thrown over the 11ide, dispensing justice; or, rather, dispensing with justice, in true West style. I gave him the affidavit which the wind had blown out of the window. He thanked me, placed a lead on it, and proceeded in listening -to a charge of assault. The particulars of thit I will relate. An assistant to the algnazil mayor having a writ of execution against an inhabit.ant of the quarter, he went to meet him, after the latter

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TRB 4D'TBKTURB O A CBBOLB. 67 had di11ed and wined. The defendant refased to pay t.he debt, give up a levy, or to go with the officer The latter, at\el' vainly remonstrating, proceeded to hit writ by tapping the 4etendant on the shoulder, when the debtor knocked the marshal's-man down. Two or tlu-ee friends, being present, now interfered, and paid the amount of the writ ; but the officer 10nght justice before the magistrate on account of that usault. The f8cts were fully proved, and not denied by the defendant, who only alleged that the officer came at an improper hour ; u be 1h0'1ld not disturb people after dinner. "Very improper conduct on the part of the mm"Shal's-man: besides, Mr. What's-your-name, 700 began the &88&Ultt said the magistrate. I began the ueault ?" replied the officer," how so 1" Why, you tapped him on the shoulder." But, sir, this was not an auault; I did this in virtue of my writ : it authorises me to arreet the defendant, unless he pays the money, or gives up eome property to be levied on. Here is the writ of the Complaint Court." At this the magistrate did what no magistrate should do-he got into a pa1&ion. Io Trinidad, the marahal is entitled, by writa or execution, to take body or goods.

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W ARNO ARt1NDBI.L : D-n the Complaint Coon and its proceedings I let it take care of ita own ofliceN. I have nothing to do with it or ita writs. Why, it was only last May that the jadge of the Complaint Court gave forty dollars damages to a free black woman, who brought an action of talse imprisonment against me, for having sent her to gaol for a montli on a charge of AigA tr(UOlf. Jadge Wamer not 'Oaly released the woman tlM 6nt day she was impriaoned, but gave hef' forty dollars damages-for all she was proved to have been guilty of treaaox, having said that she hoJ*I to see the day when the negroea would be nd the white people black! I hate the very name of the Complaint Court. No, no, DO I Mr. Thingumy; yoa began tbe uault, by tapping the defendant on the shoulder; and, if he knocked you dowo, he was justified, in self-defence. That's my decision." The poor asaistant alguazil mayor wu feign to submit. As he was leaving the hall, he said to hi018elf," A time there WM, that, when the hraiDI were out, the man would die." What's that you say t" asked the magistrate, -"you'll knock my brains outf" No," replied the officer; "that' utterly iuapouible.'' And he left the room.

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TBB A.DVUIJ'U.RBS or A Ca'BOLB. 89 The magistrate lleing now disengaged, I asked and obtained a private interview. I in formed him that Messrs. Smith and Naysmith were aboat to figbt a duel, and requested that he, as a would put the parties under an arrest, and biad them over to keep the peace. "To tell you the truth, doctor," &aid the juetice, I do not like to put any body under arrest, since Judge W &T'ner made me pay fol'tj dollare and all costs for imprisoning a woman for 4igA treuon. I only committed her for one 11H>ntb ; but the judge said I committed myself. However, can you ewear they are going to fight r "No, sir," said I; "but I will swear that I believe, if not prevented, they will fight." But," said this Solomon, I can't arre!rt people on belief." Well, then," said I, I will swear that I 1uspect that they intend a breach of the peace Intend a breach of the peace I Don't you )f.now, doctor, that the laws never iaun tionl l If you will swear positively that the fight '!Ifill take plac:e, I will send a warrant to arrest them; but not else." But eonsider," rejoined I, "no mortal, un gifted with propbeey, can swear that an event -.ill take place. BesidP., Mr. Pennyfeatber, if I could positively 1wear that they were predestined

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70 WA.RMB& .l81J1'J)BLL: to fight, I could also nrev t1lat you could not prevent the battle, ud my applying te yoa wouW be folly." I care not for your argument about precD. tination, for I am no predeetinarian : all I C!8ll say is, if yoa won't ewear positively that the parties will fight, I will have nothing to do in the matter until after the duel has taken ; ud then I will be sttre t.o be right." Their blood be upon your hand1 I" said I, and left. him. Verily, the breed of Dogberries and Verges will never be extinct : they are u common now as in the days of Shakspeare, and are as rife in the colonies ae they were at Messina. As there was no other magistrate within twenty miles of me, I despaired of putting a stDp to the duel by the interpoeition of the law. I might prevent some _injury by going to the ground, but could do .no good by remaining away. Hence I had my instrument& let\ at a house near where the duel was to take place, and took with me a pocketreaee and two tourniqaetl. I arrived on the spot about a minute after the time appointed, and found the parties Peady, and waiting fur me. Naysmith and Smith seemed two good-looking men, of not more than twentysix years of age. They, within a few yeara of I j

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TBB A.DVBTV:&BS OW 4 CBBOLB. 71 this time, had been takea from the plough-tail ill their own country; but, having got to be managers of estates, they were resolved to settle their differ ence like in this land of powder and ball, instead of fighting it out with the fiat or stick, as they would have dooe in their native country. Powel was an easy-tempered man, who seemed out of ,his element as second; while Smithson wu by tar the oldest of the party : judging by hie gray hairs and weather-beaten features, he could scarcely have been less than fifty-four. He was middle-sized, very stout made, and had a dasged and forbidden countenance He looked as though he were on ill terms with himself and all about him. Powel commenced measuring the distance (ten paces were agreed on): when he got to the third st.ep, Smithson said," Stop, air ,-you are making strides, not paces Powel, too yielding for a second, stepped shorter. The men were placed in a position dift'erent from the general way that duellists stand. They stood face to face, instead of the common station of persons who fight with pistols, which is this: the principals are placed in a line with each other; if the one faces to the east, the

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72 WARHBR ARUNDBLL: other faces to the west, so that each presents hia right side to his opponent; the right foot is tu med to the adversary, and the head is inclined a little to the right shoulder. In this position a man can aim well, and yet the chances of a mortal wound are much less than if the parties faced each other fairly. I went out of my way u surgeon to rectify the position of the du.ellists Smithson, who did not approve of the interference on my part, gave the 'word, "Fire!" The parties discharged their pistols as soon as the word was given -for neither wanted courage ; but two more complete Yahoos at handling pistols I never saw The balls of the principals went nearer to the seconds than to each other One passed so close to Smithson, that be turned deadly pale. Powel (who was little fit for a second,) gave me a look which solicited advice from me. I beck oned him, and, when he came near enough, I whispP.red," For God's sake propose an accommodation; the quarrel was foolidh, and enough has been done to satisfy the parties In accordance with this counsel, Powel pro posed that each party should advance five paces, and shake hands. If the gentlemen came here," said Smith

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TBB ADVB!ITUBBS OP A 08BOLB. 73 aon, to shake hauda, they need not have brought pistole with them, nor fee'd the doctor there with a hundred dollars.'' There was something insolent in the manner of this man towards me. Again were the pistols loaded, and again were they discharged. What became of N ayemith'1 ball I never discovered ; but Smith's ball struck a stone near the foot of his antagonist, turned past him. I now openly interfered, saying," For the sake of Heaven, gentlemen, fire no more ; this most ridiculous affair has gone far enough: two shots a-piece are surely sufficient.'' Again the sullen Smithson put a negative on my proposal of accommodation ; and added, The doctor wishes to earn his fee easily, but be shall have at leaat one man's wound to dress, unless one should be beyond his relief." Two things were evident to me : first, Smith., eon wished to see mischief done; and, secondly, he wanted to shew ill-will towards me. He had a reason of bis own for this, which, long after, I learned. For a third time were the pistols loaded and fired. But on this occasion the ball of Naysmith cut the knot of the cravat of Smith ; while the ball of the latter carried away the waistcoat VOL Ill. B

PAGE 642

bmton of Nayanith. It was erident they were improving by practice. The looks of the combatants, and of Powel, indicated that they thought an accommodation should be now agreed on. Smitb10n, however, deliberately employed himself loading the pistol of Smith, in a cool business-like manner. "For the aake of humanity let us desist," said Powel. u It is downright murder; each bu :fired three shots." Yet neither bu even hit," added Smithson. "Murder or manslaughter, I ea.re not. If they fire every particle of powder and shot we haTe, I do not stir until claret ia drat0n." I now interfered. There wu but one pair or pistols on the ground, which belonged to Powel. I asked him to allow me to load the pistol of bis principal. He gave it me. I brushed out the pan, cleaned the barrel, and poised the arm ; it,.... of Mortimer's make, and, judging of it without trial, I believed it excellent. I carefully loaded it, addressed Smithson, and uked him if be thought a fourth shot necessary. '' Ay, Doctor Bolru, I care not bow many fimes they fire ; I will not stir from here until a man is on the ground, by G!" Then, by G-! sir, one of these men shall

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TBB ADVB1'TVBBS OP A. CBBOLB. 76'. be either you or I. You hold one pistol, I the other ; chOOBe your distance, and let Powel give the word." Smithson's looks were suddenly changed. Until this moment they were thoee or a bully; but, on pereeiviug the turn which the affair was likely to take, his mouth wae thrown open-he drew a deep inspiration, but his respiration seem ed suspended. Big sweat-drops appeared on his forehe&l, while bis wea&her-beatea coun tenance tumed into a sort of dark blue. He exhibited such milerable tokeas of fear, so im mediately after having expressed a resolution to bring others into that danger which he himself bad not courage to meet, that scorn and con ... tempt for him were plainly depicted in the countenances of the spectators. A long pause eDRed ; during which, the wretched Smithson attempted to speak, but could not plainly articulate a word. "Away, sir!" eaid I; never meddle more with aft&irs of honour. These gentlemen and myself will keep the secret or your miserable fear, and your anguinary disposition. Your gray hairs and eowardice protect yoa from merit ed chastisement. Return to your home, look into a mirror, and Y whether your &ce, on which time has inacribed many a furrow, should

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W' ABNB .lllUNDBLL : belong to one who stir1 young men to deeds of blood, from which you yourself recoil with terror. Come, gentlemen," added I, shake hands." The late duellists did &o willingly. By this time, Smithson became sufficiently collected to speak. He trieCI hard mechanically to screw bis courage to the sticking point: he closed his teeth and inflated his cheek. At length, after a considerable effort, tie said," Doctor Arundell, you shall answer for this another time. No time like the present," said I. Again I cocked my pistol ; as I drew the trigger, bis jaw fell ; and Smith, Naysmith, and Powel, burst into a horse laugh at the almost ludicrous fright which his visage betrayed. I let down the hammer of the pistol I held. Powell went up to Smithson, and took the wea pon lie held from him, then wiped it, as though the touch of a coward had been infectious. He then put his hand on the poltroon's shoulder, and said,-" Go away, miserable I go We will not betray your secret; but never speak of one of as more. Away with you!" Smithson now mounted his horse slowly ; but, as soon as he was well seated, he buried the rowels of his spurs in the flanks of his heavy

PAGE 645

TBB A.DTJU(TUBB8 OP A CBBOLB. 77 Canadian steed, which bounded forward with all the swiftness it possessed. However, ere he started, he darted at me the blackest look of malevolence I ever witnessed. We now agreed to keep secret the whole affair, unless Smithson should be incautious enough to mention it himself. This man pos se88ed a small breeding farm near the savanna, at Chaguanas; to which place be hurried. He bad the prudence to keep his own secret. Smith and Naysmith became friends after this-never making puns on each other's names. It was known they had been out and fired seyeral shots withput effect ; the particulars of the duel, liowever, did not transpire. We all adjourned to the dwelling of Powel, who vided an excellent supper. The next morning the cautious magistrate sent his alguazils for them, and had them bound over to. keep the peace after their war was over.

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18 WARKBB .ARUJfDBLL: CHAPTER VI. Wli7 Root to the 'blut ThoM -11en. like ltan from the llnmmeat out 1 'Ti.I die In liool ruia all d.reMU'ull7 cJri,.& C.tPHl.Lo .. Tiie "-mind itlel( &play By CIDbnd malice aad rH'eugef\11 1plte." S.DISD'I P'llirJ ca-.. TaunDA D, although beyond comparison the most Fertile of the West India Islands, is, in proportion to its size, the least populous ; in &cl, in general the only cultivated land& lie along a pan of its coasts. The interior of this ooble island is co vered with virgin forests, rendered impassable oil account of underbrush ; and one quarter is sepa rated from another by undrained but moat ferti1e lagoons : hence the common way of going from Port of Spain to distant quarters is by boa.fl, or anall veuels. Whe11, however, the dJy Ma sons are longer than ueual, persona who, like myself, are fond of solitary rides, may pass over

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TBB ADVBNTUBBS OP 4 CRBOLE. 79 the lagoons, and through old Indian tracts of the forests, to the capital of the island. This was the case about a week after the late duel. I mounted a half-blood creole galloway I owned, rode over the Pitch Lake, and passed the woods to Oropouche, where I obtained a guide, who con ducted me to the comparatively populous district called N aparima. Here I visited a medical friend, with whom I dined, and at whose house I slept. My busine88 in town was to learn, irI could, how the wars were going on in the continent; but, as I had to call on several ac quaintances in my route, I preferred going by land rather than sea. The next morning I set forward ; about two miles of actual distance before I advanced one in a direct line. l called upon several persons in my way, and about noon I arrived at Cbaguanaa. This qua.,.. ter is .eeparated from town by a savanna of about lix square miles in extent ; but, to the reproach of the colony be it known, that, for want of a few drains, this fertile piece of land is inundated and rendered swampy, for eight or nine months in the 7ear, by the River Carony.t Finding no boat by Comapted Crom the Iadia word 11...,.__, aiagle taill.' t l1NN ii I 8Jle NII in Columbia b.ri.Df the UIM Dame.

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80 'W..BNBR A&UNDBLL: which I could get to town from this quarter, I wished to go acrosa the savanna, but could get no guide: however, I met with a Mr. Bmmlow, a surveyor, who had just come from town. Over this plain it was an eft'ort of some difficulty to pass, because the river, having during the whole of the rainy eeason inundated the fertile land, bad covered it with immense tall gr&IS and rushes. The Spaniards had not as yet set fire to the savanna, which they do, during most dry seasons, to render the plain passable, as well as to burn the deer and other animals which bar hour in the rushes. A savage method this of taking game, as fifty animals are reduced to cinden for one which is discovered fit to eat. Mr. Brumlow saluted me, !Dd I replied to him. I never liked him : he pouessed a set of features which indicated shrewdness and ill natured irony. He was a man of undoubted courage, and poueued a remarkably bold and full voice. He had a little wit, which he ever employed in quizzing. A professed quiz I always regard as either a misanthrope or a fool : if he bas wit enough to succeed in his ill-natured banter, he i8 the former; if he bas not, be is-a blockhead. Brumlow seldom smiled, except when be uttered an ill-natured jest; his smile was indi-

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TBB ADVB1'TUBB8 OP A CBBOLB. 8J cative of any thing rather than benevolence : in short, this unamiable man was a living sneer. Having been disappointed in obtaining a situa tion from the local government, be was always at the head of every contemptible little faction in this community. On one occasion, he took ad vantage of violent discontent which was preva lent in the island, and proposed, at a public meeting, that the inhabitants of Trinidad should throw off the yoke of England I Had they been insane enough to follow his advice, and a lew fri gates had entered the Gulf of Paria and battered. the capital of the colony about the ears of its in dependent inhabitants, Mr. Brumlow would have stood on his hilly residence, three miles from the scene of action, smiling at the folly of hie dopes, and coolly calculating the effects that each broad side produced on the devoted town. Yet this man was considered the Cresar of a little place the patriot of Trinidad A fine horse that, doctor," said Brumlow; a North American, I presume?" No, sir ; he is a creole, of part English blood,'' answered I. We have few of that breed here," said Mr. Brumlow ; although creole aeses, of English blood, abound in these colonies." B2

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82 W .lRlfBR .l'BUlUJBLL : Brumlow smiled, after his manner, at his oWD witticism. cc There wu a Jaugbing deTil ia bis sneer." I added,-" Judging from the appearance of your dret&, covered with bu1T&,' I suppose you have ridden from town aeroee the savanna." I have," said die su"eyor. Can you please direct me the road 8.Cl'088 r inqt1ired I, ''Certainly," said Brumlow. Pass through yonder canuco (small plantation), and then keep in a northward direction until yoa come to four remarkable palmiste-trees, which grow in a row ; here cut your eyes across the savanna, and you will perceife a bluft' point of ladd -a spur of the northern mountains, which terminates in the plains. Here, the difficulty of the route com mences. You will have to force your way through the fox-tail grass and the tusk-rushes, which will cover yourself and horse ; but steer by the mountain, in a direct line, for about three miles and a half, and you will come out at the Carooy, which you may easily swim, and get to St. Jo seph. I would, however, advise you to borrow or

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TBB Al>VBMTURB8 OP A. ORBOLB. .buy a cutlasa, as you may meet with snakes in the way. I would lend you mine, but I want it my self, having to survey in the woods to-morrow. You can buy a cutlau of any of the free people about here." I thanked him for his minute direction and advice. We separated. I had not ridden a hun dred yards before I came to a cottage, belonging to an old discharged soldier of a condemned regi ment, which, some years since, was disbanded here. Thia man was trimming some coffee trees in front of his houee, before which sat a lame negro. I asked the soldier if he could sell me a cutlass: he offered me the one with which he was working for a dollar. I paid him the money, took the tool, or weapon (for it is here used as both), and asked him for a drink of water. That you shall have, strengthened, if you wish, with a dash of the finest new rum in the island. I keep none of your old etinking stuff at my quarters." "I would rather take the water unmixed," said I. Just aa you like," said the old soldier ; l>ut please to unligbt, and come into my barracks, at all events." A creoliul (or alight."

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84 W .A.RKBR .A.RUNDBLL : I did so. The cottage was dark. I saw aome 81le lying in a hammock, but could not distinctly see his features, until the soldier opened the window and light streamed into the house. By this I perceived that it was Smithson who was lounging in the hammock. There was a mixture of shame and sullen anger in his iron features, which gave him a peculiarly gloomy look. I turned from him, drank water from a large calabuh, took my cutlass, mounted my horse, and pro ceeded on my jonrney. My animal being somewhat jaded, I walked him. We soon got into grass of about five or six feet in height, when I perceived that I was fol lowed by some one, I could not see whom. I stopped my horse ; the person who followed me stopped also. I called to him, he retreated and disappeared. I now came to the four palmiste-trees, well described by Mr. Brumlow, and perceived the point of land towards which I was to make. Hitherto I had found his directions correct, and therefore doubted not the rest wae equally so ; but, when he said that to strike across from the palm-trees to the bluff point of land wu the most direct way, he told truth only in one eense of the word; it was the direct way, but not the route I ought to have taken, nor that w'bich be himself

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TBB ADVDTUBB8 OP A ORBOLB. 86 took. I should have made a detour to the east w&rd, to avoid the very fox-tail grass and tuskruehes through which his mischievoua loTe of hoaxing sent me. I now entered a dense mUB of vegetation, the like of whiCh I never beheld. The inundations of the Carony, the immense fertility of the land, and the inter-tropical eon, produced a growth of rushes each thicker than a man's arm, and from fifteen to eighteen feet in height. These grew so close that it was with great labour my horse could force his way through them. The diffi culty of our progreu became .so great, that, recollecting Brumlow's love for quizzing, I was about to return : however, I still proceeded, at the rate cf a mile an hour, hoping every minute to come to where the vegetation was less gigantic and dense. Having crossed from Alta Gracia to Eaeequibo, I feJt ashamed of turning back from a journey of four or five miles; for I knew by the form of the hills, of which I sometimes got a glimpee, that every Jaboriou1 step the horee made brought me uearer to St. Joseph. The poor beast fairly groaned under hie ex ertion amid the tough tusk.-rushee, which eeemed to grow taller and taller. I now perceived with utonishment a great number of fallow-deer ruah past me, fur theee animals never herd together

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86 in Trinidad. Preeently, a quantity of agoateea (Indian conies) leaped put nmniog though for their lives in the eame directioa; yet l heard no dog bark, nor any eound or a cbue. An alco (wild dog) or two, and several racoom, bounded put, but seemed not in panuit of the agoutees. Again, as my bone proceeded, he pat hie hoof OD a land-tortoise ; the slow animal drew hie short legs and small head into his tough shell, over wbicla a waggoD might have puaed without cracking it; and DO sooner 1'88 .the hone's hoof oft" the tortoise, than he took hie tardy way in the same direction tbat the Dumber of animals were going. A flock of quank, or muek-hogs, and &eTeral lapes, now rushed by, grunting and squeaking. Presently a large tiger-cat, followed by tix or eight kittens, ran put me ; and now l peroei:red a large boa-constrictor gliding among the ruebes. I grasped my eutlue, and dismounted to defend myeelf from the enormous reptile ; but it pueed on, followed by eeveral other SD&kes : it neida withed to attack nor to avoid me. What could all this mean 1 Wu I in my proper eemee, or were all the animal in the iaJancl :e.rore Mn. .Ud 11M .. ,.. a deer ill Trinidad pat it ...,.,., iii die wiodowa oh boDM, l neYer heud oh ct.Ir ill thi1 ialmd &hat had aatlen.

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TBB .lDTU'l'Uaaa OP ORBOLB. 87 at peace with each other, and about to meet in grand congress ? I remounted my horse, who, to my amazement, followed in the track of the large boa ; and, although the poor beast was jaded, it plunged forward, uing exertion which astonished me, until the animal was covered with foam. A breeze shook. the heads of the rushes. What could those IQU'ing and crackling sounds mean; and that smoke, too? Gracious Heaven& I the truth now Saebed on my mind : the savanna had been set on fire! My suspicion at once poiuted to Smithson ; and I waa right in my conjecture, as I afterwards found. The ftigbt of the various animals was at once explained : they were rushing from the devouring element. Hopes of escape amid this immense maae of io6ammable vegetable matter I bad not : yet I eparred my horse. It was needless : the poor animal seemed instinctively to know our danger bemre I did, aod plunged through the rushes with all the 1trength he was master of, taking the same route u the rest of the animals. On, on, good steed if the con6agration, which roars and crack.s with a deafening eound iu our rear, catches us before we get from amongat these accaned. roahes, we shall be reduced to duden in a few eecoode l"

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88 W ilK.Ba A.BlJRDBLL : I closed my eye1, on account of the 1moke which rolled onwards, and which nearly choked me. The Sames pursue us on the wings of the wind ; but, merciful Providence, I see a chance of deliverance before me! the rushes dccreaee in size, and the ground becomes humid : yet the devouring element pursues us. We were saved! a few desperate plunges of the horse brought us into a muddy perennial lake, to where all the animals of the savanna had 1ped, or were speed iog. Had we been five seconds later, the roaring and cracking flames would have caught us ; and, as my hortse plunged into the middle of the pool, which teemed with animals and 1erpents, the fire absolutely p818ed over our head!I from the sides of the lake. I disnioonted, stood up to my breast in muddy water, which 1teamed from the beat; the animal1 groaned from the etFects of the in supportable caloric : none attacked, none seemed to fear another. I saw several poisonous snakes, that were overtaken by t.he flames on the banks of the pool, tum round, and, with stupid rage, attempt to fight with the fire. As they felt it bum their extremities, they erected their alender forms, opened their wide jaw1, elevated their baneful t'anga, and darted at the ftames: in a few moments they were reduced to black cindel'I.

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TBB .A.DVDTURBS 01' .l CREOLE. 89 As the conflagration spread its pyramidical arms above the streaming and muddy waters, my situation was almost insupportable ; yet I thanked Providence for my deliverance. It was true I was in purgatory ; but, for miles round me raged a hell. At length the wind, which was blowing with violence, remitted, and shortly after died away ; the flames shot up in a vertical direction, and my aching eyes were blessed with the appearance of the clouded sky. The fire now burned with a steady roar for about five minutes, when another breeze Jent the flames over the yellow lake. I etooped until my chin touched the thick water, to avoid the heat: finally, I ducked my head underneath for a second to cool it, when the wind again lulled; and I, with my hand, sluiced water over the head of my groaning horse. The breeze now finally died away, and the clouds above me indicated that a heavy shower of rain was near falling. The fire slackened ; and, in about half an hour after I bad taken refuge in the perennial lake, it had burned out. But the surface of the earth was calcined like a brick, and too bot to be passed over by the foot of any animal. If the rain did not fall, I had the uncomfortable pro spect of spending ho'!lrs in my preaent

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lituation1 and with my present company of reptilea, who, although now at peace with their neighboUJ'8, might BOOn recommence hostilities. I made my hol'le wade its way to where stood the branchleae trunk of an old crooked savanna tree, which, being in the middle of the water, had escaped barning. I buckled the bridle to this tree while I went to reconnoitre, in. order to ucertain where I eoald most conveniently throw wat.er on the calcined earth, to room for myself and my horse t.o stand on tBn"a ji'lfll4 uatil the rain, or dews of evening, shoold sufficiently eool the ground to allow our passing over. I had not left the horse a minute before it att.ered a neigh of diatrea. I grasped my catlul and ran to ics aid. I found that an enormou mackawel, or boa-constrictor, of about nreaty five feet in length, had caught the poor beast ill its fold : a pan of the reptile waa knotted round the old tree ; two coila were aboat the beut. The serpent had passed hia body between the tore legs of the horse, and was in the act of seizing it by the throat, when a thrust from my ca.tlaa pierced its eye, and entered right into ittt head. The ire of the mackawel wu now tumed on me : it elongated its body so that six or seven feet of its neck wae clear of the horee, which, however, it shewed no disposition to relinquiab.

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TBB .A.DVB1'TUBB8 01' A CRBOLB. 91 It roee ita head oYer me ; ita double tongue quinred in its mouth ; its jaW'I opened until they aeemed to be dieloeateci ; aad it breathed on me 9ith its internal breath, the oclou .. of which is unlike aught elae I ever smelt. It hesitated to lower it& head for the attack ; I stooped iato the water ; it alao 1tooped ; until, judging it within reach of my arm, I rose and made a cut at it, which diYided ita lower jaw. The boa now turned from me : I made a blow at the part which was coiled rooud the tree, and divided its tail from the rest of its body. This eeemed to be a COMtJ dA grat:d: it appeared to loee all power; its bleeding head fell into the water, ud the poor bone uttered a note, eomedling between a anort and a groan, at being relined from the strangling conYolutiom of the Mrp81lt, althoagh they were ltill about it, util, with my cutlue, I divided one of the eoile, near tbe eaddle, and the reptile' eevered body fell, bleed ing and writhing, into the water. A moat welcome shower of rain, such u occun occasionally in Trinidad during the dry season, now fell ; the burning earth absorbed it, while it hilled and sent up clouds of steam. I han -n to beline that 1D1ke1 can emit thia odour to frighten their prey ; in C.Ct, thia is what ia called their fuoi. lllliClll.

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WAQNU A.BU1'DBJ.L: I got my bol'lle out or the river, but he WU too much exhau1ted to carry me; I therefore led him to the Carooy river, where I bathed him and myaelf, going into the water with my muddied elothes. Crossing the Carony, I came to the plantation of the worthy Baron de-, a gentleman born in Grenada, of noble French blood, whoee father took the right side ol the civil war of that island -that is tO ay, the aide that WU eventually succeesml. When he, that evening, found I was a countryman of bis, hit hoepitality was warm in the estreme. Thia wu fortunate ; for my savanna adventlll'e, and the broiling and stewing which I got in the muddy lake, brought on a slight inftammatory fem'1 which confined me to the house of the worthy baron for twelve days. My fine creole galloway took a cold, and died two days after our escape from the fire.

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THB ADVBNTUBB8 OP A CRBOLB. 93 CHAPTER VII. The world i1 full of atrange vicissitudes, .And here wu one exceedingly unpleasant." "The TWJ bett oflllllder, md the blot For enry clan their malice enr shot; BYRON. The man that mentioned him at once diemiued All mercy from bia lips, and sneered and biased." Cowr1:a. I RODB to Port of Spain on a borrowed animal, belonging to the worthy baron. On my arrival I wrote a letter to FeTnandez, in which I re counted to him what bad taken place since we parted. I requested to know from him how affairs were going on in Columbia : above all, I inquil'ed if he had heard any news from my dearest Maria Josefa Finally, I told him I had written three times since I came to Trinidad, but received no answer. The cause of this was, I bad sent my letters to town, forgetting to have the paid, and being directed to a foreign colony, they remained in the post-office.

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94 ,.. A.aD 1.a11D:U.L : While I was in the humour of ICl'ibbling long letters, I wrote one to my brother Rodney, entreating him to acquaint me what wae the cause that neither he nor any or the family had ever answered my letten. The writing of tboee lengthy deapat.chea employed me until evening. The next morning, early, I went to place them in the poet-office. It was not yet opened, so I took a stroll down to the king's wharf. Here, against the harbour-master's oftice, I saw a paper pasted, running thus:" To sail on the 20th for Antigua, St. Kitt's, and St. Thomaa'e, the fast.sailing cotter' Pickled Timber.' For freight or payage apply to the captain, on board." It struck me that, by giving the letters to this captain, I might stand a better chance of their reaching their destination than by sending them through the poet-office. I called a ahore-boai, and ordered the men to put me on board the Pickled Timber. Could I see the captain ?" said I, as I got on board. I iB the captain," said a very good-looking, middle-aged black man. I is the captain, at service." Do you go to St. Kitt's and St. Thomas' a?"

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TBB ADTDTVBBI OP A OBBOLB, 95 I dou, please the Lard. Do you want a passage, sir?" No, my friend: ba.t I wish to know if yoa are acquainted with a man of colour in St. Chrie topher's called Rodney Arandell t" "To be 8UJ'e I do#, and all his fam'Jy, 1Jro. thera and sisters, and all : good people they ii, too. I knowed the father from whom they ii degenerated (be meant descended). They ii as well to do as any brown people in the West Ingies." Thank God I thank God '' said I. "Why, Lllrd bless me, sir, sit down on the hen-coop, until the boy brings a chair. Is you relations to the Arundells 1 I am their .brother." You their brother Are you the young gentleman that went away again1t their conaeot for to learn to be a doctor, but of who they could oeer find out what had become ? For the Lard's sake, Mr. Aruodell, come with me to St. Kitt's ; they'll all be too glad to see you. Your poor sister Jane is my oldest boy's godmother. Many a day bas abe come to my house, and cried until her heart was ready to break, because she did not Too glad, i, t. verr glad.

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96 WAJUUUt. AaUDBLL: know what had becGme of you. Why did you not write to ?" '' I did, my goocl fellow; I wrote twenty times, but never got 8B Ullwer." Strange they. neyer beard a word from you ; and when they Geed te ax at Keen and Leech, they never got no 1atiefMtioa. Once your brother Clarence met old Leech. ana axed what had be<".ome of. you, a.nd Leech toW him be beliend yon had taken to bad courses.." The villain !" 1 That's just w.bat yovt brotker Clarence (l&}led him: he said be wu. a villain; and, being a good liand at b.Uting, he fired hia bead into old Leech's stomach, that upaet him, for which he waa sent to gaol for two months." My poor brother! it must be those villaina who intercepted my lettera." Well, sir, I bows well they often wrote to you, but, not knowing where to find you, they put in the letters to Mr. Warner Arundell, Esquire, England.' All the came back, and they Md to pay the postage twice over." My worthy fellow, will take charge of thi1 letter ; and further tell them, I will depart from this island to see them in less than six weeks?"

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TBB ADVBXTUBB OP A CREOLE. 97 I will," said the man, "please the Lard;" and he put the letter in his Bible, which he locked away. Lard, Mr. Arondell, I knowed your Cather before you was born ; many a black dog (copper coin) baa he given me. As t.o your poor brothers and sisters, they'll cry for joy at hearing you u safe ; and I declare yoo is u tall as aoy of your brothen, but a great deal more handsome. Lard they is more uglier than you by a great deal." Do you know a merchant of St. Thomas's, or called Fernandez ? Oh, for the matter of that, every body knows the rich Jew merchant, Fernandez." Will you carry a letter from me to him?" To be sure I will. But where do you stop (reside)?" When I am in town, at Patty Chalotte's tavem; but my general residence is down the coast, beyond the Pitch Lake." I axes, sir, because I wishes to send you a case of liquors and a bundle of German sausages, which I brought with me from St. Thomas's, if you will take them for a present." I would rather buy them of you. What is their price ?" I'd rather give them to you, for they don't VOL, III.

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98 W A.8l!fBR A.BUl!fDBLL : cost me much; because why? I Ao,, a bad memory." "How can your having a bad memory have any thing to do with the cost of your mer chandise?'' Why, air," aaid he, in a whisper, "I forgetl to pay duty." This good man, for such lie was, told me a number of anecdotes of my family, which, how ever important to myself, can little interest the reader. I took breakfast on board the Pickled Timber; and at about ten o'clock. went ashore in good spirits. The cutter sailed Ave days after this. On landing on the king's wharf, I went into the news-room, a small airy building, erected on posts over the sea. I was a subscriber to this establishment. On entering, I nodded to several persons with whom I had formed a alight ac quaintance, and was astonished that my nods were only repaid with frowns. All I looked at turned their backs on me. What, in the name of all that's odd, can this mean? thought I. Several persons quitted their chairs as I seated myself, and all commenced whispering to each other, and pointing with their chins at me. They then called an old gentleman, who was keeper of

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TRB A.DVB1'TUBB8 OP A CBBOLB. 99 the establishment, and whispered to him. The old man advanced towards me, and commenced humming and hawing, as if to clear his throat, in order that he might deliver a disagreeable meeeage. At length he opened his gold snuff box, and addressed me at the same moment. Dr. Arundell, I hope you will not be of fended with me; but 1 am desired by the com mittee to announce to you, that your last quarter's subscription will this day be returned to you, and that, in future, your presence in the news-room is not expected." And pray, Mr. -, what may be the cause of all this ?" I am not charged with giving any explana tion, and do not like to proceed further with a disagreeable commiesion than I ean help; but I suppose that the gentlemen of the committee will explain when they send you yonr subscription ... The old man bowed, and I quitted the room, puzzled beyond bearing at all this mystery. Two hours afterward, I received a letter, en closing the amount of my last quarter's subscrip tion, and the letter which Pringle, the secretary of the Anti-slavery Society, had sent me; together with an epistle, which ran thus:-

PAGE 668

)()() "WAJUIBB iltrltDJIJ.L: To WABNBB ABUNDllLL, Baq., Svrgeon, -tc. "Sia, Suspicion was thrown on your conduct by OUI' seeing a letter, which wu traced to have come from your address, to the secretary of the Anti-slavery Society. This suspicion was strength ened by a declaration of Ensign --, the noto rious emancipationist, who said you are his friend, and that you are a saint, who will play the deoil in this island. But some unknown friend of the colony has fully proved that you a spy in the camp, a traitor to the community which gives you bread ; in fact, one who wiBAu to cut aU owr tliroats beliind our bac'/u. We have most circwaipectively investigated your conduct; and when we look to tlie right and to tlie left toe ue atraigl&l before ua. '' We enclose yon the letter of the Aoti-alavery Society, which, having the post-mark on it, can not be a forgery, and must have been received by you. Not wanting to have any thing further to say to one who wishes to instigate our lw.ppy slaves to murder us, we beg you will not again enter the newa-room. We return you the last quarter's subscription.

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TBB ADVB1'TUBD O A caBOLB. 101 "Mr. Wilthrope having tould us you were a great duellist in Cayenne, we inform you that, in order to eave you the trouble of calling on any of us for an ezplanation, we have consulted the oftieen of the fi.nt division of the militia forces, and they agree that no gentleman ought to meet a person of your character. cc We are your obedient Servanta, cc RoasaT BLADDBa, JoHN RouoHHBAD, FRBDERICJt BRUMLOW, GEORG& LANCASTBR, JAMBS LUMBER, THOMAS JBWBL, M.D.'' Vexatious as this aft'air was, I could not help laughing at its eztreme absurdity. In my unlucky correspondence with the Anti alaTery party there was nothing, if fairly consi dered, that the most bigoted colonist could blame; yet circumstances were against me. My incau tion in BeDding my letter by an illiterate man, who left it on the table of the news-room, instead of putting it into the post-office ; the downright liee of the violent ensign, who injured me by his abominable attempt at defending me ; and, above all, the anti-slavery secretary's letter being placed

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102 'WARICBR J.RUICDBLL: in tlae newroom,-all theae, taken together, certainly justified smpicion suspicion which I could not remove, and which, if I could, I would not be allowed to remove. But I began io comider how this letter could have been obtained. Two weeks ago I left it locked up in my desk, down the coast. In thil desk there were forty-four doubloons and some dollars-all I possessed in the world. I felt alarmed ; for I knew that, when party-spirit once sets in against a devoted man in a little community, almost every species of villany against him is considered justi6able. Some years ago, in this colony, set of libels appeared in the gazette against the cha racter of one of the most enlightened judges that ever presided over any tribunal in the Wes& Indies. An action wu entered against the libellers. The night previous to the day fixed on for the trial, a ruffianly set of men, beaded by tbe notorious Crawford, broke into the oourt-bouse, and stole therefrom an iron chest, in which was the original declaration, without which they could not conveniently go to trial. The next A wretch who, OD bi1 death.bed, conl'ellllld to his hlTing poiloaed be IUD.

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TRB ADVBNTURB8 011' A ORBOLB. ]03 moming the chest was found in a neighbouring field, broken to pieces ; the declaration, and a oonsiderable sum of money, having been taken from it.. The greater part of the money was subeequently returned by an Irish priest, who said he received it under the seal of confession ; but the declaration was destroyed. Would it be believed, that the well-known perpetrators of this outrage were not only received in society as gentlemen, bat applauded as having done a meritorious act ? I relate this anecdote to shew how far party feeling is carried, at times, in this island. It was clear to me that my desk must have been broken open or stolen to obtain this letter ; and those who took the letter would not leave the money behind. To recount all the ingenious ways I was tor mented would be tedious. Almost all the free of the island rose against me ; every species of crime was ascribed to me, or rather as included in one monosyllable, i. e. saint.' I was called a 1aiat, and threatened to be made a martyr. The packet, which should arrive twice every month, was long over-due ; so that for four weeks no news was heard from Europe : hence the gal-

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}04 WA.B1'BB A.aU1'DBLL: lery whisperer& in Port of Spain, who form what bas been called The Trinidad Society for the Dift'usion of Useless Knowledge,' wanted a sub ject to talk about, when, fortunately, the popular clamour set in against me. These worthy gentle men attacked me, as the chameleons of the island attack flies, with their tongues. The gazette bad long been in want of a leading, or a misleading, article; it now teemed with violent paragraphs on the subject of my turpitude. Besides these heavy columns of prose, three sharpshooter& fired at me in verse. The first of these was one George Lancaster, who used to spend one half of his time in getting drunk, and the other half in getting sober. The second of this triumvirate was James Lumber, an Irishman, who ran away from America to get quit of his wife. This man was continually learning scraps of poetry, in order that be might spout' them in company and appear very learned. The third was a young man, who was not the worst of men ; but, unfortunately, some fools or knaves of his acquaintance had flattered him into a belief that, when scribbling wretched rhymes, he was composing original poetry. His veraes used to remind me of a certain reptile,

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TBB .u>VBNTVBBS OP A. CRBOLB 105 which, from the obtusity of its e:a:tremities, is called the double-headed snake. Look at it as you will, you never know its head from its tail. The joint productions of these three lumi naries blazed conspicuously in the paper of the colony.

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106 'W AB1'BB A.BVJl'DELL : CHAPTER VIII. Unnatm'tl deeds Will breed unnatural uoubl .. : infected minda To their deaf' pillows will di8chuge their HenltL" 8BAltSPLt.H Bat NG more alarmed about my money, which I feared had been stolen, than at the fanatic cution which I was suffering, I took a passage on board a drogher which was going down to the Pitcti Lake. I arrived, long after it was dark, at the singular village called La Brea, built on the sea-shore, near this lagoon of bitumen, on a stra tum of pitch. This stratum is continually subject to a slow action : hence, one who visits the village will perceive every house in it to have a slant or inclination towards the sea. Let him return in a month, and every house, perhaps, will have gained its perpendicular. Perchance, in another month, he will find all the houses slued from the sea. Sometimes they are at right incline,' and some times they oblique to the left.' All the houses are built, of course, of slight materials.

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THB ADVBTURBS OP A CRBOLB. )07 I did not like to remain at this village, being anxious to get to my dwelling, which lay beyond the dark lake of asphaltum. This can easily be traversed on one aide, near a range of bushes which vegetate on a slight stratum of earth, lying on the pitch ; bot, if you go far from the bushes, yon meet with a quantity of shelving chasms of from three to five feet in depth, fi])ed with water, rendered sulphurous and tepid by 1<>me subterraneons, or rather BObbituminous action. The night was the darkest I ever be held ; not a star was to be seen ; the heavens were black as a closed vault ; the Pitch Lake, and the water in the crevices, were so black that I could not tell the one from the other. I strayed from the bushes, got into the middle of the black lagoon, and, every third step, fell into the aper tures already described, and involuntarily partook of one tepid bath after another. I felt my way with my feet, until I came to what I thought to be a crevice. I prepared to leap across, made a strong effort, but, instead of jumping over, I floundered in the centre, although the chasm was only four feet in width, and I must have jumped nearly twice that distance. This blunder I re peated twenty times. I now lost all idea of the points of the compass. I looked up, but no stars

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108 Y ARNB& ABUMDBLL: appeared to direct me. I knew that at a certain part of the lake the pitch is fluid, and, in my wanderings in the dark, I might get into this spot, from which there could be no hope of eacape. Thie danger now appeared ao preesing, that, at one time, I thought of remaining on the hard pitch u"ntil the moon, which would soon arise, should lend her friendly light to get me oat of my pre15ent difficult situation. But, although the water in which I had been immersed waa tepid when I fell it, yet, when I came out. it soon got cold : hence, I began to feel chilled. Hoping to arouse some of those who have cottages on the borders of the lake, I raised my voice, and called for succour. After hailing three times, I pereeived a light about two hundred yards from me. I redoubled my calls for aid, and some one, from whence the light gleamed, called out in Creole French," Qui moune fa-( who is that)?" I replied, in the same dialect, that I had lost my way in the lake, and asked if any part of the pitch between me and the light was soft. Some part," replied the voice, is too soft to bear the impression of a foot, but you will not get ancle-deep into it. Advance in a direct line on the light."

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TRB ADV.BMTC&U OP .l OBBOLB. 109 I did eo, slipping into the water at every twentieth step. At length I got to the beacon : a tall man held it ; a woman stood by his side. They were near two housea. At length, on ap. proaching the parties, to thank them fo! their aid, I perceived that the man was no other than the breathing spectre with whom I came from Cayenne; and the woman beside him I recognised as the ancient negresa who also came with us. I thanked this singular-looking being for the service he had rendered me, and asked him if he had any servant whom I could pay to guide me over the lake. I have no eervant but this aJJcient dame, and she is old enough to be my grandmother, although I am. not a young man;" Have you a flambeau, or some splinters of hard wood to make one of, by the light of which I may traverse this lagoon?" I have not, sir; but--" He paused, aad looked at the beldam : her appearance was most inhospitable. The man added," You can wait here until the moon rises, when you can pau the lake with ease." He again looked at the female ; she shook her head at him, as if blaming birn. Come in," added this liviug skeleton.

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1 JO WAR1'BR ABVDBLL: I entered one of the two small wooden houses; he put down the lamp he held, and, for the 6nt time since our present meeting, looked me foll in the face. He very seldom looked directly at any one, even when speaking to him. I think," said he, "we have met before, sir?" "We came together from Cayenne," replied(. His lips made an motion, and be looked down again. True, true ; we came from Cayenne toge ther, u you eay. Nay, old Julie, do not beckon me so much ; we cannot be eo inhoepitable as to refuse shelter to a benighted traveller. You must stop here to-night. Go, old dame, to the other house ; heap more fuel on the fire to dry the gen tleman's clothes-they are all wet." The negress departed. Here," said this singular man,-" here is a dry shirt, and a warm take oft' your wet clothes, and put on these; they will se"e you for the night, and, by the morning, your own suit will be dry." I changed my dress, and Julie returned, my clothes, and hung them to dry in the other house, about forty yards from the one in which I was. The disposition of Saint Jago (such was the name by lvhich he went) seemed to warm; and he, by persuading the old woman, and bis

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TllB .o\DVB1'TUBB8 OP A CBBOLB, 111 own aaeietance, got me a tolerable supper, composed of an original omelette and a part of an agoutee, being its second appearance on the board, together with a remnant of a bottle of mn c6te. Of these I ate heartily, but drank sparingly. You are," said the man, so temperate in your draught&, I should scarce take you for an Englishman." I am an English creole." or what island?" Grenada." At hearing this island named, his face elon gated, and he changed significant glances with Julie. After a pause, he said, looking any way but at me," You are a young man, I t.ake it ; therefore cannot remember -I mean, have no recollection--" He seemed confused, and the old negress gave him a dark, reproachful look. He said, more collectedly," You are, as I was saying, a young man ; may I ask what year you were born in?" l W5," replied I. It was now evident that I had touched one of the cords of his heart. The appearance of this man, at all times cadaverous, now became pecu liarly ghastly. As his jaw fell at my naming the

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112 'W.ARMBR ABUMDBLL: year of the rebellion of Grenada, it was evident I had recalled an unpleasant train of recollectioos. We again attempted to enter into conversa tion, but there was something constrained about our discourse. The negress, whose eyes, not withstanding her extreme age, gleamed like thoee of a rat, never ceased watching the mysterioas Saint Jago. After apologising for want of accommodation, and saying, what I believe was the truth, that, since his arrival in Trinidad, he had never enter tained a guest," he lighted me to the place where I was to sleep. This wu a kind of rude first ftoor, or garret; for it united both, as it was the highest part of the house. I went up to it by seven or eight steps of a ladder, and, when the palm-thatch by which the cottage was covered scarcely afforded me room to stand upright. A hammock was suspended for my accommodation, and my host bade me good-night, telling me that he was ahout to sleep in the other room. I lay down to rest, but not to sleep. The manner of St. Jago was extraordinary, he seeming always afraid of the old woman, who continually watched him: their conduct was remarkable, if not suspicious. True, he had fulfilled the rites of hospitality ; but this he did hesitatingly, and with a bad grace-while in the countenance of

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TBB A.DVBMTUBBS OP A ORBOLB. l J 3 the old woman I read ve:a:ation at my intrusion, and strong hatred against me. My situation was one of constraint. I could not quit the house without a violent breach of good manners ; yet, by remaining where I wat1, l felt that my presence wu a restraint on my host, and knew that [ wu incurring the malediction of his ancient do mestic. I lay down in the hammock, but could not sleep. The night was sultry : I opened the win dow to admit air, and beheld a singular scene The clouds, which had ovel'lpread the vault of heaven, had been driven by the night wind to '1ie southward and westward, where they were piled on each other in black and heavy masses; while, ever and anon, they were rent in all direc tions by the successive coruscations of lightning, although no soond of thunder disturbed the profound stillness which reigned over this extra ordinary lake of pitch. The waning, yet still almost full, moon had risen high in the heavens, and shed her placid light over the broad lagoon of solid and fluid pitch, which wu of intense blackness; while the crevices crossed each other, and broke the dark plain into ten thousand sections. These cracks were filled with water, on which the moon's rays falling, they seemed like an immeD1e net of silver

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J 14 W'A.llB& A.&VBDBLL: spread over this lake of bitumen. The etl'ect ol the lunar beams on this square league of aspbal tum, intersected all over its eorfaee by apertoree filled with water, is indeecribable, and unlike any thing else in nature. I almost regretted my resolution of pusing the night in a house where I felt I wu not wel come; for, by the light of the moon, I now could plainly see the way I ought to have croued-and, like most enlightened persona, I wondered how I could blunder in the dark. But to lve the hou1e now, after, u I supposed, my host bad gone to his repose, wonld have looked auspiciom. Feeling, however, no inclination to Bleep, I deacended the ladder, paased through the lower room of this slightly-built houae, and quitted the cottage, in order to walk about the lake until I should feel inclined to sleep ; u to lie awake under the warm thatch waa intolerable. In order to avoid some buahee, I was obliged to pua the other small house, about forty yards from the one I had left, to which St. Jago and the old woman had retired Thia was built aa lightly as the other: both were formed of palmiste boarde, ao badly jointed, that one standing outside migh& see, through the crevices, what wu going on within, without any efFort at peeping Hence I was enabled to see that my skeleton host and

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TBB ADVBJllTUBB8 O A. CBBOLE. 115 his African servant had not yet retired to rest, but were in conversation. I wu about to make a detour, in order to avoid eaves-dropping, when .an e:spreuion that fell from Saint Jago arrested me. Hie words were u follow : What, murder that fine young man I I have enough blood-stains on my soul already, thanks to your couneel and the orders of Victor Hugues." Having heard, by chance, these suspiciou1 words distinctly. on accoant of the stillness of the night, although they were spoken in a tone little above a whisper, I felt that I should be justified in listening to more. The force of a robber may be .repelled by foree ; with greater reason may the plots of the cunning U8&88in be counteracted by the cunning of the intended victim. Taking ofF my 1lippera, I puaed with a noiseleu step to ahe side of the house nearest where this sin gular pair sat, and overheard the rest of their confabulation. The negresa replied thus to Saint Jago :" Well, let him go ; and to-morrow he will inform the commandant, that the aechaded man who livea near the Pitch Lake is Julien Fedon, the brigand chief. Remember, I, Julie Sanois, who never was a falae propheteu, tell you that

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Jl6 'WAPaa A.BUlfDBLL: yonder white cockroach at this moment knows who you are." So," thought I, here is a discovery! My old fellow paesenger is the infamous Fedon, whose escape from Grenada was connived at by my father, and to whoee act of gratitude I owe my life." Thia man was supposed to have been droned, because his canoe, with a compass nailed to the bottom of it, was picked up at sea; although there prevailed an obscure rumour that he had beea taken on board a French veeeel and landed in &his island. The dialogue continued. Fedon said," I cannot believe that a man who poeseues so frank and open a countenance can betray one who has relieved him and hospitably sheltered him." Believe it not, although I, the aibyl of St. Domingo, eay it l Believe it not, although I never predicted faleely I You have made some remarkable gaelll8S" Guesaes I call you my prophecies gaellMS 1 When I told my coapere, Joupaint !'Overture. that, if he entered into any treaty with the faitblees French, be would end his days in a mieerable A term oC replOMh applied b7 to wlaite people.

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TBB .ADVBJITUBBS O:P A CRBOLB. J 17 prieon, far from his native land,-was this a guess? When, years after this, I heard that he bad perished, amidst cold and wretchedness, in a dungeon, by order of one who hated the race of Apica, and who trod on the necks of kings, I cursed the minion of fortune, and foretold his downfall. Fall he did, like a ball of fire which ia spit &om the jaws of a volcano, and which shoots up to heaven, but sinks to its native hell I Was it by guessing that I predicted the singular &.te of Marie Joseph Tascher? More than two score years since she came to me, a smiling creole girl, who wished for nothing but to dress and coquet. Julie Sanois,' asked she, can you tell me my fortune 1 I can,' said I ; it will be a remarkable one. Twice you will marry, but neither of your marriages will be happy ; once you will be a widow, but yoo will die neither wife nor widow.' Terrible predictions these,' said Marie Joseph; but tell me more.' Ask me no more, Mademoiselle Tascher.' She urged to know all. I said, You will be greater than the Queen of France, but will die, broken hearted, in an hospital.' She affected to laugh at all this; but twenty-five years after, when she waa hailed as the Empress Josephine, she must N1poleon'1 di11ike to negroe1 wu rem1rbbl1.

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118 W ABK BR ABV!fDBLL : have remembered the prophecy or the sibyl of St. Domingo, and shuddered at that portion of it which was to be fulfilled. Some dozen yean passed again, and the smiling creole died at the old hospital of Malmaison, neither wife nor widow, but a divorced and broken-ltearted woman." Here was another discovery. The singular old woman was no other than tlte celebrated sibyl of St. Domingo, as she was called, Julie Sanois, whose remarkable prediction respecting the Empress Josephine I bad heard years before it was fulfilled; it having been currently talked of in the colonies. But to continue with what I overheard. Fedon replied to her," PropheteH or impostor, whichever you be, I will not allow thia young man to be injured with my consent, and wash my bands of hil blood." His blood shall not be spilt ere be departs hence. He shall take from my hands some of my poison, which, although it has no taste, colour, nor odour; yet a single particle, placed beneath the nail, kills as surely as a cannon-ball." "Julie, I know it is impossible to move you from your purpose; therefore, good night," eaid Fedon. Where go you? to sleep in the house with the Englishman ; to awake him with talking to

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;. TBE ADVBKTURBS OP .A CRBOLB. 119 yourself (your old trick), and cause him to quit the cottage, and betray you? Remain here, if you wish not to die the death of a felon." I now heard Fedon repeat the Lord's Prayer in Latin ; for, although he was far from a well educated man, he, like most Catholica, kn&w his Paternoster. With a noiseless step .I regained the house I had quitted, and, by the light of the moon, perceived in the lowe1 room a cutlass This 1 took into the upper apartment, and laid it under my hammock, lest any attack should be made on me. After thanking Heaven for my new deliverance, I again threw oft' the robe-de-ckambre I wore, and lay down, but felt neither the dis position nor wish to sleep. I lay for two hours in the hammock, listening to the occasional hooting of the owl and the con tinued ticking of my watch. The time seemed to move with a leaden pace; when, about two in the morning, I heard the door below open, and could see, through the kind of trap-door in the floor, that Fedon entered, bearing a lamp in his hand. He muttered to himself, I cannot aleep in yon der smoky hut." He 11et down the lamp, and partly mounted the ladder. I pretended sleep. Judging from his voice, be only raised his head high enough to look at me, and then said, Sleep in peace, poor youth! Pleaae Heaven,

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J'l() WAR1'8B ABVWDBLL: in the morning I will caution him againat taking aught from the hands of old Julie." He descended the ladder a few seeoads after this. I opened my eye11, and saw that he wu undressed, aJl but a hair shirt, which he were for penance. "Let me," said this man, "again aay my prayen. Perhape Heaven will ble1& me with sleep." He knelt before a wooden crucifix, and repeated the evening prayers of the Catholic church; he then took. a Prayer-book, and rnd aloud the seven penitential psalms. He trimmed his lamp, added some castor-oil to it, and then lay down on a small mattrass placed on a kio4 of rough wooden settee. I watched this man for nearly an hour. He turned from side to side, as if in the vain at tempt to obtain sleep. As be fell into a kind of 1lumber, he would start, or rather shudder, and open bis eyes. At length, lying on his back, .lie slept with comparative tranquillity for about half an hour. I bad ta.ken my eyes off' him for some short time, and begun to feel drowsy, when my attention was aroused by the sleeping Fedon' saying aloud,-" Who calls?" I cast my eya downwards, and saw that the reatlet111 wretch bad in his sleep started from bis couch: his eyeaete wide open, and their pupils awfully dilated and fixed. This I could plainly perceive by the light of

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(, TBB J.DVBMTUBB8 OP A CRBOLB. )2) the lamp which be had caught up, and held in his left band, near his frightful visage, which had now 888omed traits of terror that made me shud der to look at. Was he insane, or under the influence of somnambulism ? Who calls 1" again said the conscience etruck wretch. His voice was sepulchral, his lips scarcely moved as he spoke, and the words sounded, as they proceeded from hie breast, like the tones of the voice of a ventriloquist. He spoke with long pauses between every sentence. "Who calls? Ah! is it you, Captain Deseree? What I have they dared to attack Belvedere! Order the negroes and mulattoes to fight for liberty and equality !-What they threaten to dislodge us?-then down with the governor and the rest of the prisoners !-Why hesitate? I tell you it is Citizen Victor's orders, and he must be obeyed !-Tell Captain Joseph to shoot and cut down the prisoners, I say !-Right, Coteau! pass your cutlass through the bodies of the English IWains -Remove the filthy corses the flies are eettling on them-see what a vapour arises from them, as the sun warms their stiff wounds!" The tortured wretch now paused for a few seconds; his couutenance, which had taken the traits of stern command, gradually changed their appearance, until they assumed the looks of acute VOL, Ill. G

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122 W ABBa 4BVKDJU.L : apay and utter deepair ; wbile hie aepulchral voice &UDk almost to a low moan. He said,-" Behold, father I behold the aet8 for whicb I beg for abaolation. No, no! nei&her hair shirt, flagellation, prayers, nor fasting, though I have continued them twenty-6.ve yeuw, can plead at the throne of mercy for pardon ; after tbea murders it cannot be. Were l forgiven, th.ere would be none dam.med, and bell would be t.eout leu. It cannot be-you flatter me. Were I for given, they would not visit me aa they do. I tell you that often, amid the dark.Dees of night, and sometimes in the glare of the eun, the forty-eight murdered men gllde before me in middle air they come even now-do you not aee diem tthere they are, marked with blood and soil, clOHly grouped together, like a blanch ol cnabe. red grapes I See, see!"-be continued, in a v
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TRB ADYBlfT11RSI OP A. ORBOLB, )23 been tor some time accustomed to look real danger in the face as eoolly as other men who are used to war ; bot beholding the horrors of the ghastly aomoambulist made me shake like a coward. I wae soon aroused to act in aelf-defenoe. The old sibyl had heard the last aleep-ravings of Fedon, and came from the other house hastily to awaken the wretched man. She shook him rudely. Ah I" be exclaimed, has Satan seized me, deapite of all my penitence 1 I thought it would be thus." She seized a calabash of water, and dashed it in his face, on whieh he fell; but not like one who falls from the eft'ects of a wound. It seemed as though all the musoles wbieh support a frame while he stands,-had nddenly given way. Awake, 'Malh1Nra:1: I" exclaimed the old aegrees. She shook him rudely, and raised his face from the ground, for the room was unftoored. What! bu all the bloody group vanished? Ah! thank God it was all a dreamt'' eeid he. "Arouee yoanelf-yoo are betrayed!" ehrieked the African. Betrayed I by whom t ha 1.,

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.. 124 'W..\RlfD A1lU1'DKL: He ni1hed to e eot"Ml' in seal'Cb of his t'llt lua, bat, of coone, did not find it. 1GO have betrayed yourself! The Engli!ah man abotl'e knows your secret : he o..-erh...S your hninga in youl" sleep. I them my1811. He otutt-be destroyed I Where is my eutlaaa ?., said Fedon. ( Sit.te with me," I replied : so is your eeel'flt. Do not attempt aught against me: if you try to moua1 this ladder, you are a dad 1nan. I &'In atmed, younger, stronger, and more active than younelf; bat fear me notr-1 am not yoOT ebemy." "' Fire the houte, and bunt him r shriekefi the beldam. Fools, forbear! I can leap the window IOlll bdbre the ftaJnta ean reach me ; but I w'ill not betray you-by the hesvaa aboe me, I will aot! Listen 1 Julien I owe :01y iif& to yon : I waa borh in yonr camp. In lhC>rt, I am the IOB of Bealtell Arundell, le Bagid 7-iger!'' &C Mefoiful Htavena you the ion of B6U"lfell Arundell !" He clasped his hands and ten on hie knees; while I descended the ladder-talc:ing effl't' to keep pouellion of the C11tla88. TM caution was needleu ; be roee from hia .genutee-.. ...

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TBB A.DVBJfTURB8 OP A OBBOLB. 125 tion, fixed bis eyes OD me, and, after minutely inepecting every feature in my face, said,-" It is he it is the son of the white man, who vindicated the cause of the poor de epieed mulatto, and whoee mother died in my camp. Ah, I am sick at heart-lead me to my seat!" We did so; when, overcome witb hit feelings, be fainted. It was some time before I recpv.erecl him. He then addreel5ed the old negl'888 : See I" eaid he ; behold the .ia&nt that you aided to bring into die world. Do you not recollect being his mother'& midwife-:...-that IFhocn he reeemblea? and you, tWs ereoU'ut night, wished me to destroy him Wher:e it your prophetic pGwer?" .. 1 Said I oot, Juliieu replied tlte.eibJJ, t.hat be knewwho you weret" Away,. eoreereea.! )IOU would murd.re4l ._ ton of my deareet friend; but God pardou you, and me also I ueed not entreat you nut w betray me ; I believe no traitor' blood ftows in your father' race." : I had no wish to give ihil anhappy man up to justice. True, .be bad committ.ed one. et which ia scarcely to be paralleled in the annals of the Cl'.imes of eivi.l wu; bot, with his eand crimes,' he posseeaed one virtue : he wu

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)26 1rAR1'BB A.BUlfl>BLL: grateful, and to ltie gratitude I owed my lift. His death on the gibbet at this time could have answered no good purpose; aud the local govern ment would not have thanked any one who should have forced them to punish a man for criaMs committed a quarter or a century ago. He related his adventures to me. After be took leave of my father, a violent storm arose; when he and his fellow fugitives saw a French privateer, towards which they made. A put got on board, the rest were drowned, having perished in the attempt to board the printeer: his boat being picked up, caused the report of his haTing been lost to be credited. The priva teer landed Fedon in Trinidad; here he remained until the next year, when his old enemy, Aber crombie, took the island. He then went into the woods in the centre of the island ; and, t'or two years, lived the life of a recluse. He then visited the uninhabited northern shore, where a French vessel having put in for water, he got on board and escaped to Martinique. Soon after this the British made an attack on that itiland, when the timid and hunted Fedoo concealed himself on board of an American veMel, I have reason to beliue that there lives at thia 1110meDt (t8S6) ill Trinidad, a maa who eecaped with Fedoo.

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TBB ADVBNTUllB8 OP A ORBOLB. 127 and went to the United States ; in which k.utd of liberty free coloured persons are so ill-treated and degraded, that they may be truly said to be slaves without owDel'I. He was glad to escape frOlll this repoblio on board of a veseel bound to St. Domingo. Here, in 1803, he was taken by Rochambeau, and sent prisoner to France : after a time he was permitted to go at large. Under the directions of a priest that he met in France, he commenced the series of austere penance, which he atill, practised. The climate of Europe being too cold for him, he came out to Cayenne in 1808, where he met with Julie Sanois, whom he had left in Grenada twelve years tiloce. The following year his old enemies, the English, captured the colony. Although be had taken the Spanish name of Saint Jago, he feared hia old foe might still diacover him ; he, therefore, left the colony, and joined a wandering horde of Indiana, with whom he remained five years. At the peace of 1814, Cayenne was re stored to France, and he returned amongst civil ised men. The blind Victor Hugues, having heard that Fedon had buried a considerable treasure in Grenada, advised him to go to recover it. Fedon refused to venture to the land of his birth. Some words took place between the parties, and the

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128 WARBBR A&UlfDBLL: blind ruffian threatened to get Fedon aseeeeinated. The timidity of the old brigand chief having increased with his yeare, he eo feared the threat of the old revolutionist that the restless uile came in the same veesel with me to Trinidad. A more wretched being than this, perhaps, exieted not. EziJed. from the land he loved, hunted like a flying-fish, fearing human and Divine vengeance, practieing the moet severe adl of mortification and penance, and yet despairing of Heaven's mercy. At daylight I took leave of this unhappy man, and never eaw him more ; for the very nm day he quitted the island in a smaggliog cotter bound for Martinique. I

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THE 4DVBNTURE8 OP A CRBOLB. 129 CHAPTER IX. .. Hi po01 "'' With bis disease of all-1bouecl ponrt1, Walka like contempt alone. Su.tUPUJtE. 0l't my arrival at my house, I found my servant (a free lad or colour) wearing a countenance 80 pale aud wo-begone, that I might have been alarmed, but that I long since anticipated the worst that could happen. Old Croaker sayll, if I recollect right, that there is this advantage in frettiug away our misfortunes before they couw, for that, when they do arrive, we do not feel them. This I now verified, when I heard of my letters being stolen I judged that he who was scoun drel enough to break open my desk to get at a letter, would not be honest enough to leaYe my money. My coDjecture was correct Two nights after my departure, my servant went to a belair (a negro dance), and did not return until daylight the next morning, when he found the o2

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130 WA.R1'BR A.8U1'DBLL: house had been broken open, my desk forced, and a small cedar box, containing almost all my money, and some o( my papera, stolen. The young man went immediately to the magistrat.e, Mr. Pennyfeather, who came, inspected the premiees and the desk, shook his head, said it was a clear burglary, both according to English and Spanish law, and went away. I made a few inquiries, and, after a little in vestigation, found out the following faeta. The afternoon preceding the robbery, a strange white man, with a lame negro, came in a boat from up the coast. They landed in the evening, and the white man leaving the cripple in charge of the boat, took the road to my holl8e: be stopped at a cottage, and inquired hia way. The occupiers described him as a middle-sized spare man, with red hair, and an erect military car riage. This description aoawered exactly with that of the disbanded soldier ; and I now reool lected having seen a lame negro, making maioo ropes before his door. One of my neighbours, who saw thia boat during the evening, noticed written on her stern, J. Smithson, Chaguanas.' The lame negro slept in a kind of shed, wherein sugars are placed, at La Brea, and, in the night, Ropu medt Crom. the inaer bark of the maboo..tree.

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. ; TBB ADVDTURBS OP i\ OREOLB. 131 the white man called him hastily, and hurried him down to the boat, when they set off, rowing together towards town. An old watchman, situ ated in the shed, saw all this, and remarked that the white man, when he arrived and called the negro, had under his arm a small box, exactly answering the description of the one etolen from me. All these circoms&ances taken together, although they did not amount to legal proof, left no doubt on my mind that the robbery was committed by the old soldier; and l had nearly as little doubt but it must have been abettedor con nived at by Smithson, who, being the only man in the colony with whom I had a dispute, pro bably himself placed the letter of the anti-slavery secretary in the news-room, or induced the soldier to place it there. l wrote all this to the chief of the police establishment, but never heard that any thing was done in consequence of my letter Having lost my horse, l wrote to a neighbour, one Moqsieur Le Jeune, for the loan of one of his "or a week or two. Some months previous to his l had attended him while he was attacked .vith a desperate fever, from which I was fortunate enough to recover him, and his gratitude knew no bounds ; at lea&t he said so. He prof-

PAGE 700

13t WARWBR AaV1'nLL: fered to give I kaow not what ; bat tlae promieea of a conaleeeent to hie phyaieiaa are Aeldom remembered after the patient i6 eatirel7 well. Thil was veri6ed by Monsieur Le Jeu.ae: he now wrot.e me a most insulting note, refuBiac to lenci me a hQl'llt!, Wlleae be were sure," aai4 the letter, "that it would break my neck." He added, by way of poe&acript, that he sboald dispense with my future atteudanee u medical rnaa on his estate." Oh, oh I" said J ; my fame his traTelled before me; I have been canonised tOr a .._ already in this quarter." There was &0mething lib retribution for this ungrateful affront. After writiug and sending the letter spoken of, he worked himaelf up into such a furious pasion at wbat he termed my villany, that he called for his hone, saying .M would go to me, and personally tell me what be had written. The horee waa brought. Ia order to overtake the boy wbom he had despatched with the note, he spurred the animal violentl7: the horse was spirited, and. Le Jeune a bad rider; away weut the ateed, aod oft' went Momieur Le Jeune. He came to the ground, dislocating bis left shoulder in the fall. I walked as far as Powel'& house, hoping I might borrow a s$eed from him. 1 found w.itb.

PAGE 701

TBB ADVB1fTtJRB8 OP A OREOLB, 133 him Smith and hie late antagonist, Naysmith. I addressed them; they replied coolly, and seemed under 1ome restraint. After a rew words Powel whispered to Smith, Naysmith joined them, and I was left standing by myself. I was about to quit the room with indignation, when Powel eaid,-" Stop, doctor; these gentlemen wish to pay yoa one hundred dollars, which they owe you for attending them in their late a.ffai.re d'nunnett.r. They have not the money, but I can lend it to them : here are six doubloons aod four dollan.,. Mr. Powel," said I, had l merely attended these young men as a surgeon, I woold have accepted the am.011Dt you offer ; but, u I mixed myaelf op in their quarrel, aud, in fact, wae near becoming a combatant myself, I cannot think of taking money for my aervicee : it looks too much like lelting honouF tor gold. Powel looked astonished at tbie, and said," le this poasible 1 and you have been robbed, too I" Of nearly all I poesese in the world," said I ; but that baa nothing to do with the present question." It cannot be true what we have heard," said Powel. "What ha\"e ou heard?" demanded I.

PAGE 702

134 WA.RKBR A.RUJrDBLL: He then told the story of my. being found to be a saint. The tale bad undergone considerable alterations, and bad received many additions in its passage to La Brea; for, in the West lndit"S, scandal, like Madeira wine, always improves by transportation. When he had done, I explained the real state of the case, omerving, that it was true I had re ceived the unlucky letter from the anti-slavery secretary, and I bed replied to it; but I told them the purport of my reply. I also related to them my adventures in the snanoa, and the grounds that I bad for believing that Smithson attempted to destroy me by setting flre to the rushes. I also acquainted them with all I bad found out respecting the robbery of my money and papers ; and put it to them to judge, whether the whole 1\lae not a plot to effect my rnin on the part of the sanguinary coward, Smithson, whose hatred I had incurred by entering into their dispute? By Heavens, doctor, I believe every word you say! you are a noble fenow, and we were fools and ungrateful to believe a word said against you. It is all a villanous plot of the pol troon, Smithson," said Naysmith. Both Powel and Smith agreed with him Powel said that he bad finished crop, and

PAGE 703

TB B A.DVJUfTUU8 OP A. CBEOLB. 136 would visit Chagua.nu, and ind out the whole aftair. You will hear of me in lees than a week," &aid be. We parted good friends, although Smith and candidly told me that they had positive orders from the merchants, charged with the agency of the estates of which they were managers, uot to allow of my visiting the said plantations as medical attendant. On my arrival at my house I found a negro boy, with a note aud a horse The note was in a lady's hand-writing. I opened and read it. It \V&S written in French, by Mademoiselle Celeste, the sister-in-law of Monsieur Le Jeune, apologia ing, in the most humble strain, for the rude and insulting note of her brother-in-law; informing me of the accident which had befallen him ; and praying me, for charity's as a Christian, to come and reduce his dislocated shoulder, as there was no surgeon within twenty miles of him : his torture was insupportable, and the lamentation of Madame Le Jeune was distressing. I never could bear resentment against a fallen foe, although of thriving malice l am as sincere a hater as Dr. Johnaon could desire. Taking the necessary implements with me, I mounted the horse, and in a few minutes was at the mansion of Monaieur Le Jeune, n creole of St. Domingo

PAGE 704

}36 W.AUBB UWlfD8LL: u Thie .is.kind, Coctor,". said Mlle.. CelHte; and she ushered me into the patient's reom.-I r.and him in great pain; bat I aoon reduced the dinoeatioo, prepared the necessary medicines out of the domestic medicine-eheat, and ordered tile servants and his wife to keep him quiet. As I came oat, Mlle. Celest.e paid me a namber of compliments on what she called my magnanimous conduct to her beatt-.frm. As she l'Mlly was a very pretty sprightly creole, there wa1 no impropriety in calling her a belk-.tnr; but t.o denominate tu.eh an ugly caricature of a baboon as was Le Jeane, /Jeau-frm-e, it wu pre pmteroaB ; there was nothing Mau about the liUle wretch. a The yonog lady was rather inclined to eoquet. She said it was a pity so good a yonng man as I shoald have the u:tiefortune of being a plnla11trope; for, by a common perversion of terms, pliilantrcpe baa the same sinister signification amongst the French colonies, as saitd bas amongst the English. I replied, it was fortunat.e for her law that I happened to be a pAilantrope, or t never would have red.need his dislocation after receiving so groee an insult from him. But I mean, it ia to be regretted," said she, that you are ce que lu Anglais appellent tneei11te.

PAGE 705

TBB U A OBBOLB. 137 A aail&t, she meant to ba'Ye laid, but the blunder made me smile. A few weeks aft.er this, Mlle. Celelte made Mr. Naysmith the happiest of men; and, according to Sheridan, he bu been a milerahle dog ever since. I cootiaued my. vieits for two dayt, when I found Mou. Le Jeune CCNld do without my further attendance. He now thought proper to apologise for his conduct. He offered me a small purse of gold, aad said that he hoped in future to aerve me with hie friendship aod patronage. "You are now, Monsieur Le Jeaae," l8id I, .out of danger, and can do without my further attendance ; but I take this opportunity of telling you, that I have the moet &0vereign eoatempt for your money, enmity, friend1hip, and patronage." Saying this, I let\ hia ho118e, aod aenr again entered it. Having receiv.ed notice from all the managers of the plantations I attended, that my services would be dispensed with, I got in many debt. as I could. These were few ; as, in general, when I sent for the money due to me, I received for answer, that I wu a aaint, and migkt sue for what was doe, and be--. Adieu to this colony,'' said I. I have no

PAGE 706

J38 W'ABKBB A.BVlfDBLL: family hete, nor am I rooted to this soil like one of its many-trunked fig-treee." I packed ap my clothes, imdruments, and boob, paid oft' a few little debts; and went on board a veseel going to Port.of Spain, in whicla town I landed with four dollan in my poeket. I waa resolved to quit the country, bot lacked the means of procuring a pauage. I poasealed a gold watch and appendages, which I bought at Cayenne ; I now sold it t.o a goldamith for two doubloons-less, by the by, than the cases were worth. He asked me if I wished to part with the diamond ring I wore? "Rather," was my reply, would I part with my life l" It waa the ring that my dearest Maria JoeeCa gae me. The story of my being obliged to aeU my watch got wind, and, would it be credited, af. forded a BOarce of triumph to the party which 1 waa pel'!lecuting me? lo the next gazette a gen tlemanly article appeared, from the pens of the three worthies already described, on the subject of my poverty. The only part of this theme which I recollect, is a line stolen &om Pope" Foe to bis pride, but friend to his distress." During this frantic persecution, I onoe or twice was half tempted to take summary ven

PAGE 707

TBB ADTDTURB8 01' A. OBBOLB. 139 geaoce on some per10ns who insulted me; but restrained myself by reeollecting, that he who bas the misfortune of being falsely accuaed doee not rebut the eharge by knocking down his accuser.. I walked towards the wharf, to look out for a passage to St. Christopher's. I saw before me a dapper little mau, reciting, after a manner, the Death of General Moore.' There was no mistak ing the voice, although one might mistake the man: it was my old fellow pauenger, Lieutenant Jack. Although I wu neTer intimate with him, yet I was glad to aee him, as an old acquaintance Our pleasure at meeting was mutual. He invited me to go on board a cutter which he owned. I did so. He informed me that, having made a little money on board a Columbian privateer, he left the trade of war, and became a reformed man. Having purchased the eutter we were on board, he commenced trading amongst the islands, but did not improve bis fortnne until, like my friend of the Pickled Timber, his memory became defective ; that is to say, he commenced forget ting to pay the duties. He was now carrying on a most lucrative trade, by supplying the inhabit ants of Trinidad with certain articles from Marti nique and St. T.bomas's.

PAGE 708

140 WllBJfH ASUJf.DBLl.: I iri>nned Jaim how I WU situated, and or tny intention of going of the ialand. "Do nothing oftbe sort," said he. ''It is not a month since I saw at St. Tru>maas your friend Fernandez. Be has heard yon are here, and you may expect to see him or bear from him e ... ery day. I apprehend he bas good neW'll for yaa. De not quit the island tar 80me weeb, at aD event.a. I go to Martinique in a day or to, whenee I return in a f'ortnight: ir, by the time I come here, yoa hear nothing of Fernandez, nl give you a pusage to St. 'fhomas's. In the med time, I can supply you with whate-ver you may want in regard to mosey matters.'' I thanked him, but declined hia oft'er of peca niary &id. He told me that he wu going on die morrow do'Wtl to dt'1 qwuiter ealled the and begged IM to join him, as be intended I& tab on board a q.tati&y of provislooa, whidb, ln eo11aequeDce of a l!Re hurricane, eold welt in Martiai11u, but which he intuded to tatM lA without troubling caidom-hoae aboot. iaTIUcea or clearance. He alao said he woald sbew me some curious eaYerns in the no'# uniahatllitell illet called Guper Grande; especially one that he himeelf ditcovered. I 1toppell w.i&b him -a&il

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TBB .&DV81JTV8B8 OP.& OBBOLB. 141 the eveniofl, and then went to my loclgiugs, in the euburbs of the towa. Bena I fouad a leuer from Pwel : it 1'Ql thue : -. DBAR Aaulf.oar.L,-1 told yu that I would bring eomething to ligllt reapectiug your papen ; i believe I shall be able to keep my word. The soldier, whom. you auspected as the robber who carried ol" your mooey, has beta round mur der-1 ; and th.re is more tll$1l auspicion en&er taioed that Smithson baa slain bim. He baa jllll been brought up u & prieooer, and a quantity of papen have been fouad in his po811e8fiou ; amongst the rest, thole you mi88. HaTe pa tience : all will come to light. Youn faitlafullyr "E. POWiL." The lweat, oa beard Jaek'a tG Gaaper Gtande, an ialet ab,01U a mile .a.ncl .a baltt oft' Trinidad; and, while the mate &hipped a quauti&y ortarioe (the Bour.of manioc), and proiaiona, lte inapeeted *1ae c,aves. These are utraordinary productions of neture : taey fa:rour tlaa comtaband trade admi,..ly De> yoq see that ndaou1 t.oiliog-houle on tlae maiu-land eide l said Jack. "What, that building eo tbieldy eo.arad widl laws and panaites t.. "The same."

PAGE 710

142 1FARKD J.RUJ>Bl.L: Well, what of it!" It ia said to be haunted." Pshaw! what of that? I have seen thou aandt of places mid to be haunted." "Bot," added Jack, "that place is id to have been the scene of a marder, when this ieland was taken by the English. It is euppoaed that the ghost of the murdered man hoven about these roina ; and the story favoun me. No one will approach them at night ; and I ean land what part of my cargo I like there, without fear of in terruption. I never met the ghost of the rich old Spaniard, whose murdered body was Coaod on the beach, but whoee money ia said to have been buried somewhere thereabouts. I wish be would shew me where it liee, for I am almost weary of the life of a aailor, and wi1h to settle ashore. I have not shewn you ID grand map zine. I see the mate is busy getting in the provisions, so we haYe time to Yiait this cave, whicl I by chance diaoowered. I am the only oae who knows of its existence." Saying this, he led me op the iat.erior of tlM little ieland, until we came t.o a decayed and bol low tree. Thia he entered, and bade me foUo. We descended abou.t twenty feet. I WM in dark ness, amid rooks, and aurromided by thousandl of bats. Jack procured fire by means of a boWe of

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TRB A.DVSJITVBBI OP A. CJtBOLB. 143 ... phosphorus: he then lighted a wu taper. Our passage was now wide enough for two persons ; but I felt it oppressively hot. Suddenly we came to an apparent termination of the paaeage ; but, by removing a 11tone, an opening appeared. We passed this on our hands aad knees. Another long gallery was to be traveraed, and then we ciune to a magnificent cave, illuminated by masses of natural ery1tal from above, aod ventilated through the immense rock1 which formed the roof of this singular subterraneous apartment Through these crevices the water dripped from above, and petrified in its descent, banging, like dark coloured icicles, on the atone roof. After inspecting this cavern we returned to day, and heard a whistle ; it was a signal from the mate of Jack. He informed his chief that the veesel was loaded,. all to a few barrels of In dian corn. Sail the vessel towards the Bocases, and be ready for a start. If the corn does not come by eight o'clock, bring the boat to this island, and send us a good eupper, with a jar or two of olives, and some brandy fruit, as a present for the doctor here.'' Away went the mate ; and we entered into convel'l&tion, each recounting the adventures be had met with since we parted.

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144 'W.&BlCBB A.RVWDRLL: At the hoar appointed the mate sculled a 11Dall boat to the islet, and brought an excellent supper, together with the present for me. We 11&t at the entrance of one of the caves, near the sea, making a hearty repast, and drinking some fine wine or the vineyard of Cblteau Margaux. All this time the cutter was standing on and ofF between Gaspar Grande and the Dragon's Mouth, ready to slip out of the Gulr of Paria at a few minutes' notice; Jack, mean while, cursing some one who bad disappointed him in not sup plying him with some Indian corn that he ex pected

PAGE 713

CHAPTER X. That night child might andentand The Deil bad buliAeu Oil hia band." BoaH. THERE was no moon visible, but it was one of those balmy nights which generally follow a heavy day's rain in Trinidad, and which are pe culiarly pleasant. To the northward and east ward, however, there was a mass of inky clouds, that portended heavy rain before midnight. We had finished our supper, and Jack re marked that a heavy fall of rain would soon take place. I believe," said he, that of all parts of the globe, Trinidad has the most frequent and most tremendous falls of rain. However," said he, you ha:ive not the curses of the other islands, which are droughts and hurricanes: in abort, you have nothing to alarm you but, now and then, a few earthquakes, aa I am told." 'YOL, III, B

PAGE 714

J46 W'.lR1'D AR111'DBLL: These," eaid I, come eo frequently, that wt are used to them : and, after all, they hate Hftf been known to do any damage.'' "What is 1" said Jack, starting oa hi legs ; '' lend me your night-glass, Crowther." addreaiing his mate. By Heavem, tis the custom-house boat t What can bring it don here t Do they suapect 'What is going forward! No matter, we are prepared ; the eun:eat aad light wind favour us, and we'll be out of die Bocas before they can overtake us. Arundell. can you get ashore with the little canoe there r I can," said I. Then I'll leave her in charge of you. Siie is as light as a cockle-shell ; she is easily ma naged with a single paddle, and can be canied on a strong man's shoulder. If you go to t.otFll, leave her in charge of St. Vincent, a free black man,_ who lives at L' Ance Metan. Find oat, if you can, what brings the custom-bOuse boat 1 down here. I have no time, but must Come, Crowther." They jumped into their boat, and in an iJ. stant she rushed through the sparkling waters Subeeqaent to thi8 period (on the !d of September, tat.S) 11 earthquake did a little damage to the tower of the profielllll church : it wu, bo.... built OD UlllOUlld Coudlllion.

PAGE 715

., ........ : :.i ...... TBB A.DVB1'TURB8 OP A. CRBOLB. 147 I now observed that the long custom-house boat approached the island; but she pulled heavily, while the skiff of Jack shot along the waters with the velocity of a steam-carriage on a rail road. Soon was Jack on board his cutter. I observed she stood immediately towarde the Bocas, and wae going rapidly through the water I again looked at the custom-houee boat : there was but one pair of oars in her, although a boat of her size required at least two pair. Even this single pair were badly managed, as the boat wns yawing about in all directions ; either because the men in her puUed unequally, or because there was no one to steer her, or f'rom both these causes combined. She came opposite the cave, and the parties in her seemed to hesitate whether they should make for the islet or pu1l ashore. At length they did the former. I never saw two worse rowers in my life than were in this boat. At length they approached the very cave at the entrance of which I stood. I believe the people in the boat did not perceive Jack's departure, on account of a projecting point of land between them. if possible, to discover the cause of the custom house boat coming down here, I caught up the cutlasa which Jack had left me, and concealed myself amongst the lime-rocks at the

PAGE 716

entrance of the cavern.' I had DO parl:iclilar Wish to turn smuggler, bnt I wanted to render a serriee to an old acquaintance, wlio bad not abandoned me while under general persecution. The boat was run alongside the cave; in doing thh, the two men mismanaged her llO that they dashed bet' bow against a projecting rock. A negro, dressed like one or the lower df Colomtria, got out or her, swearing in Spanish. He was foll>Wed by a man, whom, from bis f'eatures, rather than from his complexion, I made out to be a white man. He exclaimed in English, '' D-n the boat she's too heavy." Is it possible," thought I, "this co be Smithson?" It was hiB Yoice, hii form; and his stooping gait ; but of his features, there was scarce enough light for me to be assured of them. Powel had written me that Smithson was impri soned on suspicion of having committed murder. But how came he here ?-Let me listen. I did so-taking ca.re not to be seen. 1'1le medium of conver11ation between these men ... the dialect called Creole French, which, how ever, neither spoke fluently. Wheri the blaek man was at a loss for an expression, he used one in Spanish; and when the white tnan hesitated for a word, be used English. Hving the' advantage of knowing all three of these vernaculars, I generally caught the meaning of the parties

PAGE 717

TBB lDVBMTUB28 OP A. caBOLB. 149 before they understood each other. The ftrst part of their dialogue consisted of mutual accusa tions of not rowing well. The Englishman said that he was not used to rowing ; the black sai d he waa better acquainted with the paddle than the oar. The Englishman was now seized with a violent cough. What is the matter ? said the negro. 1 am again attacked with this vomiting of blood. I shall recover the shock I gQt leaping the accursed prison-wall" "So," thought I, I was right: this is Smitbaon, who has broken gaol." The Spanish negro replied,-" Never mind a .Ii"le blood ;. better die of its loss than by a sore throat caught while under a gibbet." No fear of mtt replied Smithson ; they never could hang a -white man on suspicion ; for no one saw me throttle the old soldier, and dead men tell no tale1-unJess, as some think, their ghoets arise, which I .scatcely believe i for I never saw one. QD}ess in 1mY: a1thpugb I have doo e for t.hre,, a girl whose thl'.Q&t I .qt : she was with child in my coun-try. That affair me to this part of t,he world, nd ma4e i:ne1 take my name." But let us awy;' .said. t}le we ; have :t _ime to lose."

PAGE 718

)6() W J.B'NR .J.BUlfDSLL : Let UI rest for a t'ew minutes, or I Deft!' ehall be able to pull arer to the main-laad. Have you brought the muon's hammer &Gm the gaol 1" said Smithton. No," replied the black, I left it in the prison-yard ; but I have in the boat what will do ue more service-the spade." "The hammer," eaid Smithson, "did some execution in prison; without it we never ooaJd have escaped." We!" replied the negro, "speak of your self. Do you think that the gaol in Port of Spain could have held me, J Gan Pedrosa ? I, who have broke oat of every prison in Ferdie nand's Indies t I should have escaped last night, but that they put you in the same cell with me. What is that?" he added, and made a few paeea towards the water. Here is good fortune! a capital light canoe ; with this we can easily get across to the main-land. Let ue sink this heavy boat, to avoid suspicion. This eanoe will do well to get to the other side ; it is too light to crou to Columbia ; but, on the aide, there are enough 6shing-boata. It most now be about two boon to midnight; by one o'clock we can dig ap the treasure, and before daylight we will be of the Island of Cbecacbaaara, whence to the Main we may pass in about two boars. We hav:e no time to lose.''

PAGE 719

TBB .ADVBlfTURBS 01' A C&BOLB. 151 S.yiog this, he took out the plag from the custoorhouee boat, which they had stolen, and left her to link near the cavern. The parties designed to steal the canoe let\ in my charge. Are you ready yet ? aid the Spanish oegro. Yes,'' replied Smithson. But one mo ment : you say the boiling-house is said to be haunted ; do you believe the current report?" "No," replied Pedrosa; the report, I think, arilea thus. When your countrymen took this island, my old muter, Doo ;Juan Baptiata, took it into his head that his money would be safer under ground than exposed to the chances of war. He put it into a heavy trunk, and had it conveyed to an old estate of hie, but which had been abandoned, because he found better land to the aouthward. I was a young man at that time, and bis favourite slave ; in fact, my mother dying when I was born, his wife suckled me at her own breast, and so I became his confidential slaYe, Well, he employed me to dig a hole behind the boiling-house. We let down the trunk, placed a parcel of leathern. bags, full of gold aud silver, and covered it with mogus The refue of'the auprHH, wben tJae Jmoe ii upMIHCI, ia eallecl mop& Tbia ia ued for fuel.

PAGE 720

152 WABMBB ABU1'DBLL: ashes, so that no one would suspect what .... below it. Now you must know that it is an old trick to cause a slave to help to bury money, and then kill him, in order to have the secret well kept. I believe this was the intention or old Don Baptista. Now, in order to be beforehand with him, as be came oat of the boilingh0t18e, I tnade a cut at him from behind with my matcheti, which half took his head off. I then bundled him into a canoe, paddled out to eea, tied two or three stones to him, and pitched him into the water, hoping the sharks would take care of him, and resolving at my leisure to take up the money. Well, as the devil would have it, the ravenous 6ab, although no one can breathe here for them, would not touch the carcass of Don Juan, and the tide threw him ashore, right opposite where his darling treasure was buried. Well," continued this villain, a report was set on foot, I know not how true it was, that his ghost hovered about that spot. As soon as things got a little settled, after Gudoy sold this island to the English, I was taken on suspicion of murdering my master, and put in gaol. I easily made my escape, and got over to Cumana. I returned here a few Tbe Spaniard believe that Gudoy 10lcl Trinidad to the English

PAGE 721

, TRB ADVENTURES OP A CREOLE. 153 after many absence, to dig up the treasure, an old comrade with me to aesist; but we quarrelled on landing, and I gave him eight inches of my poniard, which stopped bis wind. I was lodged in the prison, and here I am with you-although you, as I suspect, h&\'e but a faint heart; butI am ready to do a job which will both our fortunes. Are you disposed to move 1" "Yes," said Smithson. They both got into the canoe, and paddled over towards the main-land. Shall I aUow this pair of v illains to carry off a treasure, and escape justice. True, they are two to one; but, armed io a good cause, I am equal to that Spaniard and his cowardly asso ciate." This thought passed through my mind tl1e instant they got into the canoe. God, I throw myself on thy righteous pro tection!" said I, and threw off my jacket, shoes, and hat, caught my cutlass between my teeth, passed round a rock, and plunged into the waler, swimming in the wake of the canoe, which sparkled with phosphoric light. I kept suffi ciently distant not to attract their notice, when one of those tremendous showers of rain which are almost peculiar to Trinidad commenced falls 2

PAGE 722

154 W ABMBB ABV'RDBLL : iog. The big drope descended 10 heavily u to render it difficult for me to breathe, with my cutlau in my mouth ; but I struck out manfally. I, however, lost eight of the canoe. The rain fell like a mighty eataract, and the thunder bellowed on the Gulf, and was re-echoed amid the world of mountains on shore. I scarcely knew the way I was swimming, until a flash of lightning apin shewed me on which aide the main-land lay. I struck out, and made for the nearest point, which was two hundred yards below where the old ruins stood, and to where the canoe was making. I landed almost exhausted; but there was no time to be lost, as the canoe must have got ashore a quarter of an hour before me. I walked cau tiously towards the boiling-house : it was covered with such a mass of lianes, parasite plants, wild vines, tendrils, and muses, that no part of the building materials was visible. The confederates bad forced their way towards the furnace-mouth outside of the ruina. Thia had been covered with a wooden shed, which had 1tood the wreck of time better than the rest of the building; for, while the rain poured through the vegetable-coYered roof in torrents, scarcely a drop fell through the abed, which bad been made of the incorruptible hard wood of -the country. They had kindled a fire here, doubtless to give them light.

PAGE 723

TBB ADVBBTUJlBS OP A CREOLB. )55 The glare of this was visible from the eea-ahore, and informed me where they were. I crouched, and made my way through the maBS of vegetable matter on my hands and knees. The rain poured on the ruins in such torrents aa to make the sound deafening. Thia circumstance prevented their hear ingmymotiona, as, amid a thousand breaking sticks and bending lianes, I approached them, at times gliding like a serpent. I drew near, aod cautiously roee on my legs. A large vat, that bad formerly belonged to the distillery which joined the buildings, was between the treasure-seekers and myself. Like all about thia abandoned sugar manufactory, it was covered with vegetable matter ; but this allowed me to conceal myaelf from the view of Smithson and Pedrosa, although I could watch all their motions. As the red fire gleamed on the countenance of Smithson, I noted him well. Notwithstanding his weather-beaten face, which appeared to have stood the tear and wear of a rough existence for more than half a century notwithstanding that his features were exaggerated,-yet any one, look ing at him attentively, would have judged that, io youth, he must have poeseesed a handsome physiognomy. Pedrosa had a fine mmcular body, but, like moat malet of African descent, hia

PAGE 724

)56 W.ASO ilUNl>tlllL: lower limbs were oot stout in proportioa. He aeemed a man of about for&y-SveyeanJ: his eoua tenance was bold, and he poueaaed what is oa common in negroee. viz. a ia.e pair of whisk.en. In forming both theee men's eounteaanoee .uatore bad..not acted uafavourably; bot.long eoanea of vice and crime had thrown euoh trait& of dogged surlineu and sullen miaanthropy in&o 'the looks of Smitheon, and such an appearanee of ferocity over the lineaments of Pedrosa, that t11 wonie specimens of the human face divine never were covered with a white night.cap. Do you think the money is atill here 1" asked Smithson. We &hall see," replied the negro.. He took the spade which they had brought, and, after making the sign of the Cl'OllJ, commenced working most vigorously, until t.he per spiration flowed copiously from him. Meanwhile, the rain had ceased, and every shovelful of uhet1 he threw from him was echoed in the deserted building. Had I stirred, the llOise of my mo&ion would have discovered me. The negro soon became weary of his eRl'tion. Here, take the spade," said he t.o his associate. Smith10n took it, tG aid him.

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TBB OP-A OliBOLB. 167 Heretic Jewt" exclaimed Pedrosa, do you commence working without making -the sign of the croes 1" I think the practice of signing the cross," replied'Smithsoo, "a piece ofpapistical idolatry." The black called him, in Spanish, a God forMking Englishman." Merciful Heavens here stood two sanguinary roftiaos,-one of them had commenced his career of murder by cutting the throat of the woman he had seduced; the other, in hie youth, had as sassinated the man whose wife's bosom suckled his infancy : yet those two monllters were disputing about the ceremonies of religion Smithson worked as hard as bis companion, until, soddenly, his cough seized him, and he again vomited blood. The negro took the spade, and soon announced that it struck against the lid of the coffer. The loose ashes were soon cleared from it, and they tried to open it, but in vain. They had not the key, and the lock resisted all their efforts. They tried to break the lid with the spade : that tool bent, but made no impres aion on the iron-bound coffer. It shall yield!" exclaimed Smithson. And the old planter crept under the fornace moutb: here be det.acbed a grating-bar, a heavy

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168 'WA.8118& .ABUKDBLL: piete of cast-iron, weighing aboot fifty or tDiy pounds. Batter in the lid!" said he. Pedroea eeized it, and, in a few seconds, amashed the lid to pieces. The ruffians looked at each other : I by their countenances that the treasure waa there. Smithson, who was pale with the 1088 of blood, jumped down and seized a small leathern beg, which, judging from ita size, might have coa tained, as I appose, one hundred ounces or metal. There said Pedrosa, in Spanish, there is the soul of old Don J nan Baptista : no wonder his apparition haunts about this old ruin Wht thought I, shall I allow tho.e villaina to carry off a treasure to the Maio ? Yet, what can I do ? I cannot capture two mea. bot believe myself capable of slaying them, with the aid of Heaven. They deserve death: 111m mary justice is &till justice ; bot l '11 not attack eYen murderers unprepared." All thie pa88ed through my mind, u the Spanish negro &aid,-" No wonder the a.pparition of Don Juaa Baptista haunts about this ruin I I graaped my cutla88, and, with a voice of

PAGE 727

TUB A.DV.nURBI O:P A CRBOLB. 159 long suppreesed wrath, '1louted, u Villains The word was echoed in the ruins. I attempted to rush on them, but wu restrained by the Hanes and tendrils by which I was surrounded. Slashing with my cutlus, I at length made my way through them. My motions were stimulated by wrath, thoee of Smithson by a more violent pa88ion; viz. terror. His shrieks re-echoed in the ruins, sounding more like the cries of a deer caught in the convolutions of a boa-constrictor, than any other sounds I ever heard: in an instant he made towards the sea. The negro stood half a second longer than the poltroon. I caught a glimpse of his countenance : every crisped hair of his hf'ad stood up like a bristle : he thought the interruption supernatural. I would not at tack the ass888in unprepared, but shouted in Spanish at the top of my voice, Villain, defend youreelf!" I made a blow at him with my cut la88: had it reached him, it would have cleaved his skull; but he was not destined to fall by my hand. My cutlass was caught, in its descent, by one of those tough withes called supple jacks : this balked the blow, although I severed the liane. The negro waited for no second stroke, but tan for his life. I followed ; but, miuing my step, I fell : my head came against a stone, and I was nearly stunned. I, however,

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160 W.\RNER ARUNDELL rose again ; but, before I got to the clear beach, both the men had disappeared. I saw, by the marks of their footsteps in the sand, that they had taken a northerly direction; but pursuit wa5 hopeless. I returned to the treasure, and heaped on the fire more fuel, which I found about. cc Shall I," said I, give all this up to the 10cal govern ment 1 That will be carrying honesty too far. Who will be the better for it! it will lie for years in the treasury, under pretence of finding the rightful heir of the murdered man who buried it. Beside, the villains may return a.nd plunder it before I can get it removed, if I stand on ceremony. By taking this gold, I rob no one ; by leaving it, I serve no real good purpose; and, if ever I can find the rightful heir or Don Juan Baptista, I will restore the whole, or a part of it. I am no Timon, to spurn a discovered treasure ... I caught a blazing brand, and examined the old trnnk. It was made or Trinidad cedar; and, by the broken parts of the lid, I found it as fresh as the day the boards were sawed. Its contents were a quantity of bags, made of half-dressed goats'-skins, with the hair on. 'l11ese contained gold and silver coins, and a quantity of pieces of uncoined precious metal, with rude crosses stamped on them, called

PAGE 729

TBB ADVB1'Tt7RB8 OP A CBBOLB, )61 mt.tcaguina, or weighed money, beoauee it passes current in Spanish colonies by weight. Partly owing to the shed under which the coffer was buried being dry, and partly to its being covered withabout five feet of mogass-asbes, a.11 the bags were in an excellent state of pre servation, My soliloquy and scrutiny took not above a minute. I lifted out a bag of silver, but it was so heavy I could scarcely raise it to the surface In the a quantity of ashes fell into the trunk, and nearly choked me. I would have given a thousand dollars at this moment for a drink of water, could I have obtained it without being discovered. I untied the bag, and fastened its strong twine to another : this I got up with le81 difficulty than the first, as I raised the second by dragging it up the side where no ashes were thrown. Again I descended into the trunk, and got up another precious bag by means of the string. This mode I repeated until the coffer was empty, save a small box, which I afterwards found to contain a valuable quantity of jewels, and-some papers,. I got this also out, and went to see if all was quiet on the beach. All was as still as death, save that at L' Ance Metan, about two miles from me, some men were employed fishing by torch-light. I returned, and passed

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162 1'.A.RXD j.RV'DU.L: an old diemoanted eugv.pan, which the late rains had filled with water : I refreshed my barn ing mouth with the sweetest draught I ever re member to have taken. I now brought to the beach one load of precious metal, and dim another. I carried my catlau constantly with me, lest the murderers should retum. I bad little fear of losing any of this in my abaeDeiey as I liltJened, bat heard no one approach In a still night, the human foot on the strand, or die 10und of an oar or a paddle, is heard from afu. I soon got the whole of the tl'eaaure near the canoe, which I shoved oft' until it floated, for dte receding tide had left it high and dry. I was obliged to throw out of the canoe seTeral atones which had been used as ballast, or the light vessel would not have ftoated with its he&TJ cargo. I then took a burning stick of dry roua wood, in order to kindle fire at pleasure on the Island of Gaspar Grande. This done, I extinguished the remainder of the fire, lest it should attract notice. I got into the canoe, and commenced pro pelling it acrOIS the channel to the islet. It wu 110 deep that its sides were within five inebea of the water; bat, fortunately, not a breath of air stirred after the rain, and the surface of the O.lf was as 1mooth as a mirror. The clouds looked

PAGE 731

TBB .A.DVBKT17BB8 OP A OJlBOLB. 163 menacing, as though another torrent of rain wu about to fall. This, bad it happened, would have soon filled the canoe, and, consequently, sunk it. I paddled as though I worked for life, and got over safely to the mouth of the cave where I had supped. Here I found a part of a bottle of wine.' I drank deeper than I was accuatomed to do, but I was nearly exhausted by excitement and exertion. I felt :renovated, and got out of my canoe two bags of gold, which l placed at the entrance of the cave, and returned for m,ore. I found the canoe adrift. Regardless of sharks, which abound hereabout, but which, I believe, seldom attack. during the night,-at all event.a, they did not attack me this night,-1 swam after the canoe, and nearly upeet it getting into it. The paddle waa uhore : I tore out a thwart by main force, and with it propelled the canoe again to the mouth of the cave. Here I lashed her fut to a limestone rock. She wu eoon emptied. Another arduous task now devulved on me : this was to bring the metal up the island to the entrance of the hollow tree ; for in the cave dis covered by my friend J aek I resolved to place my treaaure, well knowing that it wu most impro bable that any one would find it there before I could get the means of removing it safely .to

PAGE 732

town. Thia I reeolved to el'ect myeelt, without any &11ittance. The last beg I removed contained pieces ohn tined eilver. It wu heavy; and, to my ventioa, tae team of1he goat.akin bag broke. I, howett, gathered moat of the aiher op eakty, attbongll some pieces eBeaped me. These I reeolved to eollect as soon aa day operaed, lt they might bt found, and caue ... picioa. I now conveyed the treaeure into the tree, and got some dry wood out of the cave Dfll' 1 the sea. Thia, with the ftre I got from the main land, I kindled into a blue, bot in a low spot, wlaieh could not be eeea from o the island. I, with a fire-stick, entered the hollow tree, ud with mueh ditieulty got, bag by bag. the whole of my brougb t into tbe cave. I conetaled it behind a rock, in such a situation then it'W'OoJd hae taken even Lieutenant Jack meb tearehing to ind it. Thi8 done, I gladly retul"tMd to i the of the ur&h, took another sip of gratlefal wine, 18ide a good h.at the or.the bave to dry my clothes, and lay down mote fatigued tban t!ffr l was in my life, before or since. I bad used more exertion that night than most men could have undergone.

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TBB ADV:tN'IUJl,JIS (>P A. C8EOLB. }66 ,.Yesterday/' th()ug.llt I, ''I W"'8 insulted, despised ; this morning I am powerful, for I ha.Te the power of wealdl. Hither'4> I have despised mone1, aod was tlaougbt dupicable myeelf; tx>morrow, men wW me as oae, in the cant of Ch. world,' wb.ois respocta.bly off.' Yesterday I wu 'a poor devil' whoee indigenee was made a theme of ariumph tbr newspaper scribblers. Such is the opinion of mankind ; bu.t, a1u I what says eon-1eienee 1 Wh7, tUi -yaterday I wa a men who bad never'1onea diahonourable act, norentertained a thotght; and now I am one who haa beeD eewnniog aad eaves-droppiug to circum'Yeot a pair of tillains, in order tJo get potseseion of wealth hM belongs not. to me. But, con&eieoce I will @eek. oat Maria Josefa Ximenes, lny. mercy, ud lay this weal&h at her feet," My eogitM.ion was broken here by the.scream ing of a hundred parrots, which were taking their ftifht from Trinidad to the Spanilh Main. I raised my bead, uid found it we.a daylight. I had v.ot alept., yet tbe night' s&ruge adveotllJ''I& &eeDJed like a ru-.am.

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166 W J.RD AaUKDBLL : CHAPTER XI. And how felt he, the wretched man Reclining there-while -orr ran O'er many a yr of pilt and strife ; Flew o'er the dark flood of hia life, Nor found one 1unny reating-pl..:e, Nor brought him b..:k one hnncb of grace!" Mooaa. So bed a d1111th argues a monatroua lif'e." 8KAlllP&aaSAs day opened I arose, put on my clothes, inelad ing those I had taken oft' the preceding night, before I swam over to Trinidad, gathered up all the remainder of the pieces of silver which had fallen when the bag hroke, and crossed to Trini dad in the canoe. Several &bermen ol colour, whom I puised, stared at me. Seeing & wmt. man paddling a canoe excited their, astoniehment, until one called out, in the general language of the humble order, -I mean Creole French,-" Poor devil I let him pass ; he is obliged to work for his living like one of us. All bis own class

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TBB ADTBlf.TVBBI OP A CBBOLB. 167 have turned against him, because he wishes to do good to the slaves." "God bless him for it!" responded another dark tall man ; be shall never want a fish or a plantain to eat while I, Jerome, have it to give. I'll speak to him: This convel'll&tion I overheard between two people in different boats, who were, like me, rowing towards shore. I was astonished at the celerity with which news flies, and could not imagine how those fishermen bad beard of my per secution ; but, in a little community, scandal has swift wings. For obvious reasons, I avoided the friendly Jerome, and pot ashore at the scene of my last nights adventure. I found the shovel which the two villains had brought, and hastily pitched in the ashes thrown out by Smithson and his asso ciate; after which, I watched until the coast was clear, and then I again got into my canoe, pad dled a little way out, and threw the shovel into the water. I anchored my canoe, and came aahore, for i felt a slight headach, and therefore wished to procure what all here take early in the morning mean a cap of coft'ee. I entered a decent-looking tapia house. Scarcely bad I done this, 'before a coloured lad ran to me, and said, 'fapia ii a wall compoeed of reeds, clay, a11d gnu.

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168 W' 4B!CBB ARU!CDBLL : How do you do, doctor? Don't you know me?" It was a boy whose suspended animation I had restored some weeks since at La Brea. The boy's father was much moved at being told that it was I who had saved hie eon's life. He was the same Jerome who bad spoken so friendly of me a few minutes before. His expressions or gra titude, and those of the mother of the boy (who was, however, not Jerome's wife), were almost dis tressing to me! How strongly contrasted was bii; conduct to that of Monsieur Le Jeune! He brought out a quantity of money in a little red cotton beg, and offered it to me, saying, I should find there twenty-seven dollars : he regretted he had no more money, but said he hoped to make it up to fifty in the course of a month or two. I would not accept of any part of it, but asked him for a cop of coft'ee : my want was supplied as soon as it was named. I begged for the loan of shaving materials : these were also brought. The little boy whom I bad saved attended me. Excuse me, doctor," said Jerome, bot your dress appears a little in disorder-Locy, my woman, would be glad to wash them ; at the same time, would you please to wear a eait of mine. I gladly accepted of thie friendly oft'er. I bathed in the sea, and, after that, pot on a very

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THE ADVJUfTURB8 01' A caEOLB. 169 decent suit of c_\othes belonging to my host. He begged me to stop and breakfast with him ; be caused Locy to prepare an excellent repast of fish, which he had that morning caught, and new-laid eggs. ThinkiDg I might confide in this maa, wboee countenance and manner indicated extreme goodnatun, I asked him, if I bad any thing to carry to town which I wjsbed to land at night, whether he would 888iat me? Listen to me, doctor," said Jerome; I do not like to smugg]e, because it defrauds the King of England. God blesa him! and the King of Ellgland gites to the poor man of colour what no prince ever gave u-that is, he has made men 9f us by protecting us. I have visited Spanish colonies, and the mulatto nominally free, but, in fact, degraded. The French treat ua worse. But, in this island, which does not belong to the people of it, like Barbadoes and other English colonies, but is ruled immediately by our good king, the man of colour baa jnstice; therefore, I dislike defrauding George the Fourth of his fair duties. Nevertheless, doctor, my boy owes his life to you, and I 'II lend you a hand to run your cargo aabore in Port of Spain, despite of all the cuatom-bouse officers in the island VOL. UJ. I

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170 W.A.BNR ilU:RDKLL: I was pleased with the man's loyalty, ud uaured him, on my honou:r, that what I wanted to land was not contrabud. articles. Be promised to aid me. It wu agreed between DB tha& I was, that night, to bring what I wanted ashoft; be was to lend me a large trunk., in which to pat what I brought, help me to get it to town, and aek no further questions. Scarcely had we entered into tbia ammge ment, when some one called from the outside of the houee," Hallo Jerome, are you within ? .. We both went out, and bind a gentlemanly looking man, mounted on a very fine, but reain English horse, which etood kicking and biting ia all directioD8, in consequence of being plagued with mosquitoee and sand-flies. The rider had a military air, although dreued in plain clothel; in fact, he wae a retired officer, turned planter. Bor&jmtr, commandant," said Jerome. The commandant did not dismount, but aaid,-" Jerome, you muet start for town as quiek as a shell jump from a mortar. Prepare a good pair of oars, and a paddle to steer. It is a matter of life and death. Charge what you will, in reason, the quarter 8el8ion will pay you.

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TBB ADVBTtrBBS OP 4 CRBOLB, 171 There bu been a murder committed ; and I want you to go with a letter to the chief or police, and another to the attorney.general." In lets than a minute, Jerome took the let ters, wae in the boat, with a companion, rowing, and hie own eon eteering with a paddle. Adieu, doctor I" said the active Jerome, u be went off. Doctor!" exclaimed the commandant, looking at me. I presume, air, I have the honour of addressing a gentleman of the medical profession ?" I coolly nodded uaent; for persecution had made me feel shy of every white man in the island. It you are a surgeon or physician, as ma gistrate of this quarter I call upon you to &88ist me in investigating a case of murder, in the name of the king." "And I, sir, refuse to go, in the name of the people." Really, I do not comprehend, doctor I will explain, commandant. My evidence would not be believed by any respectable (that is to say, white) man in the community; for I am called a 1aint, thought a spy, and persecuted as a ecoundrel." u May 1-etand 1till, Vixen (thi1 wu ad-

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172 W'A.BBB A.BUlfDBLL: dressed to h.ie mare) may I ask. your name, without giving offence, sir 1 I believe I cannot tell it, without giving offence-it is Warner Aruodell. Yoa mast ban beard and read of me ; if' not, look to the news papers of this island. Good day, sir." I was making off, when the commandant, still on horseback, replied," I have both heard and read of you : bot I have, Dr. Aruodell, been long enough in these islands to know how much I can depend upon public rumour and newspaper paragraphs, when they speak of one who commits the crime of differing in opinion from our colonial many-beaded monster. I, however, put it to yourself, as a gentleman (and this humble dress you have does not disguise you sufficiently for me to take yoa for any other but a gentleman),-[ put it to yoor eelf, whether the braying of a set of frantic asses justifies your neglecting your duty as a subject of his majesty, in refusing to aid me ia this caee 1 Besides, sir, common humanity should induce you to assist the wounded man." A wounded man I thought the party was dead. Nay, that alters the case. Where is he? I will go instantly to eee him You will fiad him at the third house of the

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TBB .A.DVBKTURBS OP .A. CBBOLB. 173 little village on the shore : there it is, about two miles distant. I fear it is beyand your skill to aid him. Nevertheless, I will procure you a boat to take you to the spot. I would offer you this quadruped devil, but she will keep yo11 dancing for half an hour, with one leg in the stirrup, before yon will be able to mount her, and then, most likely, throw you." Please to dismount and lend me your whip. I have a way of my own in mounting and mana ging vicious horses." The commandant did as I requested, and narrowly escaped being kicked. I never saw so wicked a brute : she was an English blood-mare, transported to this island for having killed a groom. I had not spent in South America with out learning to daunt a restive horse. I got be hind her, made a short run, vaulted into the saddle over her crupper, and eeir.ed the reins. Perceiving herself so unceremonioualy mounted, she reared and plunged desperately, before I got my feet in the stirrups. I got her head towards where I wanted her to go, then gave her the whip. Away she went, with the fury of a flying demon ; but she soon wished to slacken her pace firstly, because she perceived she had a rider on her back; and secondly, the tide having

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17 W' .A.BMB .tB1J1'DBLL : rilen, ahe bad to take her furious CC?une through two feet of water, which rendered her career laborioue. I now pushed her u hard as I could; .and, by the time I got to the home wherein tlae wounded man was lying, she was moet com pletely tamed. The commandant followed in a boat. I aa told he eaid,-" If that proud, but daring young fellow is a 1py, then I have Do judgment in humao nature.'" I entered the house, or rather large hut, where the wounded man lay : he was Do other than Smithson. He lay stretched out on a boud aupported by stools, partially covered with an old boat-sail. He was bathed in blood ; had five wounds about him ; while by his side lay the cuchilla, or Spaniah knife, with which hia late uaociate bad stabbed him. I afterwards learned the partioolara of tbia murder. Spurred by fright, becauee he thought he heard and saw a supernatural object in the ruins the preceding night, he ran, with his UIO ciate, for more than two miles along the cou&, until he got near the village in which I saw him. Here be fell from exhaustion. He had ruptured a 1mall blood -vessel in leaping the prison-wall, and his violent fright and exertion brought on again a vomiting of blood. Hie comrade railed

PAGE 743

TUB ADVBRTUBB8 OP 4 CREOLE. l '1ti him from the ground : in doing this, he felt that Smithson held the small bag of gold which be had taken from the coffer before I interfered. Pedroaa attempted to take this; but Smithson, although weakened with the loee of blood, was etill a powerful man. He held the gold fast ; the other drew bis coehilla, and, the instant that was out, the savage glutted bis love for blood. In a second five desperate wounds were inflicted on the body of Smithson: he fell, still retaining the gold, and shrieked for 1uccour. Several 111en, who were going to fish by torch-light, ran to his rescue, and the ferocious Pedrosa wu driven &om his prey, while Smithson was carried into a hut. Pedroea, in the meanwhile, ran along the coast, and was about breaking a chain by which a eanoe was fastened, in order to endeavour to escape with it to the Main ; but he did not see, in the dark night, that the owner of the boat was sleeping in it. The noise of the breaking the ehain awoke the mu: he asked who was there t The reply of the sange was an attempted thrust with his ever-ready cuchilla for he bad still a aecond knife about him. This the boatman ended by jumping into the sea. He bad his cutlaas with him: indeed, few of the lal>Quring people of Trinidad ever 1tir without it. Agaio

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176 'WARMBR ARUXDBLL: Pedroea rushed towards him ; but he f'oand man as active as, and better armed than biamelf. With a cut of his weapon he nearly took oftbe right band or the murderer ; and, following up his advantage, tranefixed his body with a thnitt. Thus expired the sanguinary Pedrosa. No one thought of burying him, even in the sand : his body was carried out to sea by the tide, and, doobtleee, devoured by the sharks. Bot, to re turn to the wounded man. As I entered the hut, Smithson started, and exclaimed, Ab What, have you come to enjoy my downfal 1 Away! my cones on you!" Wretched man, I came not to triumph over your misery. When I entered this hut to render asaistance to a wounded man, I knew not it was you." "You now know me. Away, I say! I hate you l I detested you since the first moment I beheld you, when you interrupted the tween a pair of fools. To one of them I owe a hundred dollars : I was in hopes a bullet would have balanced our accounts, but you must pick a quarrel with me. I have been revenged. Awa7, I say l I abhor you I detested your villaooas father before you were born."

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TBB ADVBlfTUBBS OP A CBBOLB. 177 Villain, your pestilential breath cannot taint the fair fame of my parent I Were it not, crushed scorpion, unmanly to assault you, mi serable coward, you dared not say what you have. My father never injured you." Was it no injury, on the public parade in Grenada, to collar and shake me aa though I were a slave : and wherefore 1 because I chastised the mulatto dog Fedon-Fedon, who played some fine tricks, even the same month. I struck him. Forty-eight of his murders are recorded in the church .of Grenada. Never injured me, said you I when I wished to serve in the third rank instead of the first, your father called out to my sergeant, take away that poltroon, lest his fear iufect the rest of the line.' Your father and yourself appear to have been born to expose my constitutional defect of timidity ; but I have been revenged. I was sentinel on b
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178 W .A.RlfR .A.RUlfOBLL : espoeed my natural fear. I am revenged on yoa: the island abhors and de1piaes you." And this," thought I, is the wretelaed Smithson, whose coward blow made Fedon the dupe of Victor Hugues." I paued, to look on the mieerable man. He wu pale u death, yet were hi1 mental facaltiet u unclouded u eyer I remembered them ; Jail voice was weak, but his apeechea were any tbiag but brief. The most astonishing part of hie behaYiour was thi1 : hacked most cruelly with the dagger-knife of Pedrosa, his countenance wu often contorted with agony, and yet he uttered no complaint, made no moan; he did not eTeD heave a sigh Still I knew this man to be a eoward, mentally and physically-a miserable poltroon. I have seen brave men who groanecl with the pain which a slight wound gave ; and yet, here lay one, whom the fear of fighting turned almost frantic, bearing the agony of fin of the worst wounds which I ever eaw upon living man, with the constancy of a martyr. After a pause, I said," Smithson,. I came not here to talk of old enmity with you, bot to dress your wounds. ShaB I examine them, or do you with me to retire?" The wounded man said, after a pause,-

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TRB 4DVB1'TURB8 01' 4 CRBOLB. 179 Were I without offspring I should aay, retire ; but I am the father of four wretched children, whom I leave to poverty." He here paueed. A tear glistened in his stern eye. I knew not that he had the fountain of sympathy in hia frame ; bot love for his ofF-1pring appeared the only trait which seemed to humanise his bosom. He continued," I weep not for myself; 'tis for my poor children. But each tear I shed will turn to a flame of bell, to burn the soul of Pedrosa." Wretched man, curse not a fellow-criminal, bat supplicate mercy for your own a.eta of mur der." I never killed one who was the father of children : nay, I never killed any one. Can you call setting fire to a savanna murder 1 True, the old soldier who robbed you was found drowned in a stream of three feet of water, and his throat bore black marke of 1ame strong hand ; but who can prove that hand was mine 1" Smithson, we lose precious time, and you exhaust yourself with talking. Unless your wounds are quickly looked to, you will soon be before a tribunal over which presides an awful Judge, who requires neither witnesses nor proof's." I threw off' the old sail which covered him, to

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180 lr.t.B!fBR 4.&UMDll:LL : look at his wounds. Two of these were in the abdomen, and three in the thorax. The slightesi or these five tabs was dangerous, but three out of the five were mortal wounds. How this man survived for several hours after receiving the whole of these wounds, appeared to me most wonderful. It brought to my mind the caae of a soldier, who lived for three week.a after he b.d received a mueket-ball in the left ventricle of his heart, at the battle of Curiia. Smithson watched my countenance, and, see ing me pause from inspecting his wounds, said, Can you eave me ?-eave me, for the sake of my poor children, who shall bless yoa, al though I never can. But, oh eave me." Call on your Creator to eave your soul; human aid or skill is usele88 to your body. Call on that Being by whose miraculous mercy yoa are permitted to live, and be of sane mind,. although you have wounds enough to destroy four men." My poor wretched children Ah, their curses light on Pedrosa Imprecate not. Think on your own past life." Ah, of what part should I think t Of my boy hood-I robbed my poor widowed mother; or, should I recollect my youth, I murdered the

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TBB A.DVBMTUBBS OP A. CBEOLB. 181 woman who adored me, she would not destroy the fruit of our guilty love. Can I reflect on my thirty years' living in the West Indies t Alas every year has been stained with a crime. Within one week I attempted your life, caused you to be robbed, and throttled the robber when he was in a fit of intoxication. I joined an assassin to dig up a treasure, until frightened from our purpose by the most hideous spectre that ever left hell to terrify the damned on earth." It was your guilty fear, and no spectre, that tormented you last night." As sure as the name I bear in the West Indies is Smithson, as sure as the name I got at the baptismal font was Henry Rigby, BO surely did I bear and see, last night, the foulest ghost that ever hovered about a treasure Unhappy man, will you not utter one sup plication for mercy ere you die t" He that may hope for mercy beholds not such apparitions as I saw, nor hears such sounds as I heard, within a few hours of his death." Let not the thoughts of what you saw and beard last night in the abandoned boiling-house came to despair. The sound and the ap parition were both mortal. Listen to me, Smith on, or Rigby : what your fear caused you to

PAGE 750

182 WABlfBB ARUSDBLL: mistake for a spectre was myself. I saw yoa and Pedrosa put into Gaspar Grande, heard you conversation, ewam amid the rain--atorm after your canoe, dogged you into the ruins, saw you take the gold, for which Pedrosa stabbed you, and rushed upon you." Every word I eaid seemed to act like a poilon ed dart forced into his bosom. He now groaned, gnaabed hia teeth, and eyed me with such a look of demoniac hatred, that he was fearful to behold. The look which a dying tiger gives to the hun&a man, who bas mortally wounded him, is gentle, compared to the geaturee of Smithaou. He, ai length, burst into a fearful laugh, exclaiming," Fool fool fool and coward I He struck his forehead again, laughed, aad fainted. I thought his fin.I atroggle had paued, bat his blood reaumed ita circulation, and lhe miserable dying man again opened his eyet. By this time the commandant bad arrived. Smithson beckoned him to approach: it wu to give him the sruall bag of gold, to keep which had COi& him hie life, and which be had placed under hie head, making the magistrate promise, on his honour, to give it to the mother of hie children. He motioned the commandant to withdraw : the latter did ao.

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TBB .A.DVBSTURU OP .A. CBBOLB. 188 Arundell, where are you t" said he, in a faint voice. I am at your side," replied I. Come hither : I have aomething to commu nicate. Approach me: why fear you a dying man? Nearer-I cannot raise my voice. Said you not, or was it all a dream, that it was you who f'rightened us from ie treuure last night 1" It was : but think. of other things ere you die.'' And said you not my wounds are mortal ?" I did." "Stoop your ear down to my mouth," said the dying man, in a scarcely audible voice; "I have something I wish you to listen to before I expire.'' What is that?" said I, bending my ear to his mouth. It is-die, wretch I" shouted he, with demo niac energy ; at the same instant mustering his failing strength for a final murderous effort. He grasped me by the throat with his left hand, while with his right he caught up the knife which was lying at his side, Before I recovered from the surprise of this event, the treacherous weapon was at my side. My danger was but momentary ; a quantity of uncoined silver I bad in my waistcoat pocket, which I had picked up at break of

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184 WilNBB A.B111'DBLL: day, turned off the point of the knife. The infernal effort of Smithson brought on a sadden internal hiemorrhage. He fell back, shuddered, and expired, in that most awful and malevolent state of mind -dying as he lived. I wrung my hands with horror, as I watched the pallor of death steal over his features, which were rendered diabolical by revenge My heart sickened as I gazed at the dead ruffian.

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TBB ADVB:RTURBI OP A. CBBOLB. }85 CHAPTER XII. Vengeance and jaatice on the 'rillain'1 he1d Ye magia11111ee, who aacred law di1peue, On you I call lo punilh thi1 ofl'ence." Daynair. TaB commandant hurried me from the spot, and induced me to visit him. I gave my evidence on oath respecting the death of Smithson, but, for obvious motives, I gave no account of what took place the preceding night. I confined my state ment to a description of his wounds, and the dying effort the wretch made to stab me. This part of my evidence the commandant himself confirmed. Scarcely was my deposition taken, before the commandant put down the declaration Smithson made .respecting his murder before I saw him. It is remarkable that this man said nothing about having dug for the treasure, but merely stated that he and Pedrosa saw and heard a spectre in the old boiling-house. I suppose he entertained hopes of recovering, and wished to make another

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)86 WA.R5Bll AK111'DBLL: attempt to get posseBSion o( the treasure. Jerome returned with a letter Crom the chief of police, which stated that he would be down that evening. Jerome told me that the custom-house boat had been stolen in the night, and that a rewanl of fifty dollars was offered for its recovery. I left the commandant's house with him, and when we were alone I told him I could shew him where it was. He thanked me, called two companiom, and, taking the necessary implements to rai111 her, I again crossed to the islet, and shewed him, ender the clear water oft' the cave, where the boat was sunk. He threw .oft' bis dress, diyed down, while his companions agitated the water with oars to frighten the sharks. He &stened a rope to two of her thwarts, came to the aar&ee, and, with the help of his comrades, raised her. The hole was soon found, and plugged. He then baled her out, and easily earned fifty dollars. While this was going forward, I walked into the can to bring out the oliYes and other trifling presents which Jack bad given me the preceding night. Suddenly I beard seTeral pel'80D8 laugh within the cave. Their laughter produced a singu lar effect, as its echoes were repeated seven.I times. What could it mean 1 In a moment it u plained. No lees a personage than the goT8J'Dor, Sir Ralph Woodford, followed by senral ladies

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TBB A.DVB11TUB88 OJ' A. CBBOLB. 187 and gentlemen, came out. The fact was, Sir Ralph, and a party of strangers on a visit from a neighbouring colony, bad come down in the 1team-boat called the Woodford, to visit these caves. I could have shewn them one more cu riom than any they had seen, but did not think myaelf called on to do this. I bowed to the goven1or ; he courteously re turned my salute. I waa about to withdraw, but he beckoned me to stay, and continued a story which had made the party laugh in the cave. It related to this same steam-boat, which wu anchored off the island, when, in 1818, it first came to Trinidad. Sir Ralph Woodford made a voyage with her down towards the Dragon's Mouth. The fint appearance of a steam-boat in this part of the world truly astonished the natives.' The Spaniards called out 'Santa Maria I' and, almost at &he same time, made an exclamation which can not be written. The creoles uttered a hundred interjections, which defy orthography ; and the negroes called out, in creole French, 'He, lie! begu IOf'cier oui-truly, white men are sorcerers.' But on this little voyage of the governor, lower down than the Island of Gaspar, the Reamer met a Sooth American vessel. Not one

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}88 W A.RNBB A.ROllDBLL : on board of this had ever before seen or heard of a steam-boat; all were, therefore, seized with consternation at beholding a veseel, without a sail or oar, going against wind and tide, raising the echoes amongst the mountain-forests on shore by its roaring, and sending into its rear a long stream of smoke. An European or American Spaniard, when be meets with any thing which he cannot c-.omprehend, very philosophically ascribes ita operation to the devil : hence, the crew of the South-American craft concluded that the non descript was propelled by demons; and imme diately, with oaths and prayers, put about. Sir Ralph divined what was going on, and ordered the steamer in pursuit. The alarmed Spaniards ran their vessel as close in shore as they could : every man, with one exception, jumped over. board, and sought refuge amongst the wooch from the infernal spectre ship.' The governor and his party boarded the South American, and found but one poor creature in her, who was too sick to quit the veaeel. He lay in his berth shivering with the ague, calling on his saints to help him, and holding in hia trembling hand a pistol mirnu a lock. It was a long while ere Woodford could convince thia poor man that he (the governor) 'W88 not hia

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TBB .A.DVBKTUBB8 OP A. CRBOLB. 189 Satanic majesty. Only think of the handsome baronet, in his Windsor uniform, being taken for the prince of darkness I This anecdote, which Sir Ralph related with considerable humour, created much mirth. Be fore this subsided, he walked towards where I stood, and entered into convenation with me apart from the company. "Your name, sir, if I mistake not, ie Arun dell ?" It is, your excellency." I believe I saw you, some years eince, at Government House t,, Even so, Sir Ralph ; I had the honour of an inte"iew with your excellency before.'' During which interview, I recollect treating you somewhat harshly. But I now wish to make you an amende honorable; for I hear you are of good family, a skilful, attentive, and eucceseful medical practitioner, and, what is more to your credit, a humane, honourable, and high-spirited young man." I bowed to the fine compliments of the govemor, at the same time wishing himno matter where-because I wanted to visit my secret cave. However, it was necessary that I should reply; and I said," What your excellency has heard respecting

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190 WA.RNR A.RUJfDBLL: my character by no means tallies with publie report, which, at this moment, accoeee nie of being every thing base and infamous." Pshaw !" replied the govemor, you allude to the BC&ndal of the day, of which you are the subject, because the newspapers from home have brought no intelligence of interest lately. Learn, young man, to despise popular clamOUJ'. You, I fear, act too much from impulse: for ia stance, I gave you a cool reception when you arrived in this island, bot, instantly repenting of my conduct towards you, I sought a reconciliation. This you avoided, left the island in dudgeon, and spent two or three of your best years in the service of the insurgents."-N. B. He Wied to call them rebel1.-" A set of newsmongers now call you a saint, because they think you differ in opinion with them ; at this you again take um-. brage, and give up a respectable practice. Surely the accident of Le Jeune should haYe taught yoo bow soon the outcry against you would have sub sided. The fact is, you were too necessary a personage in and about La Brea for the inhabit ants to be long at variance with you there. Any &prain in the ancle, or pain in the head, with which any member of any partieular family sboald have been afBicted, would have reconciled you to the head of that family.

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TBB .ADl'BTUR.88 OP A CREOLE. 19} I wondered at the correctness of the governor' iDmrmation. The fact was, he used to keep open house to au the magistrates and' principal in habitants of the colony, when they visited town. He would contrive to draw from them every thing that happened in the district from whence they came ; and what Sir Ralph Woodford once heard, he Dever forgot. I replied to the govemor by saying, that I 'W88 told by almost all the inhabitants of the quarter which I had left, that my se"ices were no longer required; and added, that I never would force my attendance on any one as a medical man while 1 could get my bread by quarrying stone. "Or by being concerned with smugglers," added the governor, at the me time darting significant looks, first at me, and then at the cave, at the entrance of which he met me. He added, after a pause,-" I see you change colour, but say nothing. Well, I have hopes of you ; you do not like to confess the truth of my observation, and yet have too much honour to tell a falsehood. Come hither," said Sir Ralph As you left the cave, I saw, although no other did, that you were ltanding near a small Martinique basket. I will not aak what that contained, nor take further notice of it, aa it would be unbecoming the

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192 W.A.BlfBR .A.BUWDBLL: governor of this colony to turn custom-houee informer : but I would advise you to leave smug gling to outcasts and ; it does not become a penon of your appearance, character, and education." I thank your e:r.cellency for your good advice ; but it is needless. I pledge my word that the articles which your quick eye detected near me, are a few presents, received last night from a friend. I further declare, that I nenr had, until yesterday, any connP.:r.ion with amug glers, nor ever intend having any again. Per mit me to display to your e:r.cellency the e:r.tent of my possession of Martinique 'bagatelk." Saying this, I brought the bask.et near him for bis inspection. "Who was it made yon these presents, Dr. Arundell ? Your excellency has truly said that it would be unbecoming of the governor of thie island to turn informer: would it be well in a gentleman to take on himself that mean office, in order to betray a friend T" "These seem the finest olives I ever saw," eaid the governor. Will you, Sir Ralph, please to accept them?" In an instant the governor's countenance looked haughty and dignified : its e:r.presaion

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TRB ADVBKT11RU OJ' A CBBOLB. 198 changed quicker than a scene is darkened, in a theatre, by the sinking of the stage-lights. He eaid,-" When a French merchant, of Port of Spain, once sent to my great predecessor, Sir Thomas Picton, a present of a cask of excellent wine, Picton returned it, with a laconic note, running thus : -' When my king cannot afford to allow me to drink wine, I will drink water.'" I apologised for having offended him by oft'er ing him a present, and he gave me an invitation to dine with him in the steam-boat, on board of which be was going in about an hour. I begged to be excused, on account of my unsuitable dreea : this apology he would not accept. He said," You are aware, doctor, of our colonial etiquette. Nothing but actual sickneSB can excuse any one for refusing the invitation ofa governor : you are not allowed even to plead a previous engagement, as a governor's invitation super sedes all others." Finding I could not escape dining with the representative of his majesty, I despatched the ever active Jerome, who bad now got up the custom-house boat, with the trifling present of Jack, to his house. He returned in about half an hour with my suit of clothes ; and, while the A fact. VOL. III.

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. 194 WABKBB ARUKDRLL: governol' and his party were inspecting one cave I went into Another, made a rough sort of toilet amid the rocks, and got into decent attire. The governor rejoined me, and smiled at the improvement in my dress. A few minutes after this, Jerome was again employed in putting all the party on board, for the boat belonging to the steamer bad been injured. Sir Ralph gave him four dollars for his trouble. The party was pleasant, the dinner excellent, the wines exquisite, and the governor one or the most polished and entertaining men I ever met with at table. It was late ere the cloth was re moved, and I could not hail a boat f'rom the shore : the steamer's boat had been nearly shat tf'red to pieces against one of the rocks. Sir R11lph proposed that I should go op to town, a1id that be would send me down in his own boat I consented to this arrangement, for I felt a.--;iured no one would discover my treasure. Away went the steamer, her piston plunging down and rising up. her paddles roaring: and her funnel smoking. We soon came opposite the village of Courite; when the Woodford (so caUed after the governor), one of the worst steam-vesee)s that ever came from the Clyde, suddenly struck work. The engine was taken with that disorder which, medically speaking, I should have called

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THE ADVEMTURB8 OP A. CBBOLB, 195 asthma; but, not being a mechanist, I know not the right name of this vaporous disease. The captain and ucivil engineer now mu tually accused each other of bad management ; but neither their efforts nor their curses could make the engine work. We had no boat to go ashore, and could call none, as it was late. The only to be done was to hoist a lug-sail, in the hope of a breeze springing up in the night. We were obliged to remain all night on board. The accommodations for passing the night here were not very numerous. The cabin was given to the ladies ; the govemor slept on a mattrass on deck, under an awning ; the rest, to use a man-of-war phrase, caulked it;' that is, slept on the lmre deck. I took my station without the awning, and reposed on a bench. Habit had rendered me hardy : hence I could, without in convenience, pass a night in indifferent quarters, and, when I could get it, enjoy a comfortable chamber. The spoiled children of luxury can do neither of these. On this occasion, however, although I had spent the preceding night without sleep, I en joyed (as some people say of ill health,) a bad night. This was, perhaps, occaaioned by the great fatigue and over-excitement that, during the last twenty-four hours, I had undergone

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I turned, 1'81tle111,. from aide to side ; and, ever and anon, as I was getting into that half-conscious state between sleeping and waking, a sudden nervous jerk of the whole body awoke me. Again I tried to sleep, and, as I thought, felt a heaviness stealing over my een&es. I was so much pleased at the prospect of getting a little slumber, that the joyful anticipation completely awoke me. Again I turned, and this time slept for, I suppose, a few seconds; when I dreamed that I stood on one of the stupendous rocks of the cavern of Gaspar, and that an impending rock was falling. Methought that I leaped from the rock on which I stood to eave myself: again I awoke with a start. Once more I fell into a state of drowsy mania : all sons of fantastic visions flitted athwart my over-wrought imagin ation in the utmost confusion. At length my dream became somewhat Iese unconnected. Me thought I was in the secret eave, and the bags of precious met.al were lying at my feet; when, suddenly turning round, I perceived the figure of my father, bearing the resemblance of the image of him preserved in my memory. How came you possessed of so "JDuch money?" said he. "By snatching it from a murderer, wb.o wa himself murdered," replied I.

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TBB ADVBNTURBI OP A CBBOLB. 197 Methought my father frowned on me. I said,-" Surely you do not think that 1 murdered the man 1 His blood is not on my handa, although I have the money; and, as be said him self, the dead reveal no talea." "Warner, you have done wrong I" 1&id my lire. Bot, consider the temptation," I replied. Y eaterday I was despised ; my indigence made the theme of public joy to my enemies: to-day, by snatching the wealth of yon miscreant, I am respected, feared, and courted. But I know that yesterday I was innocent ; this day my conacience tella me I am a villain I ,. Methought now the governor joined in the conversation, and said,-" Ha, you confess it But was it you who &S8888inated the man!" I felt considerable indignation at this question, and could not reply, for I was tongue-tied with passion ; while I thought I saw flitting before me the apparitions of Fedon, Pedrosa, and Smithson. All three grinned horribly at me, until" I shrieked, and, with another start, awoke; and I thought I perceived the figure of Sir R. Woodfordmaking from my side, and seeking hia mattrau.

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198 WARKBR ARUKDELL: I easily attributed all this incongruous train of imagery to the effects produced on my mental and rorporeal faculties by the singular events of the two preceding days. Had I looked closer into the matter, I should, perhaps, have concluded that those dreams were occasioned by a conscience which, for the first time, found itself surcharged. I relate the above dreams, because they were fated to have an infiuence on the events or the following day. All men are insane in their dreams ; but it is only weak minds that brood over the mad vagaries of the imagination during sleep. I did not attempt to slumber again, but walked the deck. A very light breeze had arisen, the lug-sail was filled, and the vessel had just way cnongh to feel her helm. The shipping of Port of Spain began to appear, when I felt very drowsy. Midnight had passed. I lay down, and enjoyed a sound sleep for five hours. I was awoke by the morning gun, tired from the Spanish fort, which was within a very short distance. Sir Ralph was stirring. I walked aft to salute him, and was astonished at his giving me an angry look, and turning hie back on me. What's in the wind now! .. thought I. Several boats came off to us, and all the

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TBB ADVBMTURB8 OP A CRBOLB, 199 company went ashore. I wished to land also, but was told by the governor's servant, John, that I must not. This man was a German. I knew him, for he had served in the Columbian war with me. He bad been taken by the Spaniards, and bad made bis escape from the Oronoco, in a canoe, with two others, all the way along the Coroni and Rio Negro, until they got to the Amazons, and finally made their way to Portuguese Guiana. What is the cause of my being detained here, John?" said I, to this man. "Ick wissen nickt, Mr. Arundell, aber-1'he governor did say you muss not go, by Got!" While the German was giving me this satis factory answer, two alguacila (police-men) cawe off in a boat ; and one tapped me on the shoulder. You are our prisoner, in the name of the king," said he. I became alarmed, lest the treasure adven ture, which was ever uppermost in my mind, should have been discovered, and said to the men," On what charge do you apprehend me?" On a charge of murder," said the alguacil Ob I is that all?" said I ; and instantly my mind became calm.

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200 W AlUIBB AB171'DBLL : That all said the policeman. I think it quite enough to bang a man ; and that in this country, where it requires much intereet to get banged." The alguacil now took out a pair of handcW&, and was proceeding to put them on, when I aaid,-" Fair and softly, my friends ; I can go without manacles." "But," replied the policeman, "you aball be handcuffed." Never," I exclaimed, "while I have the power of resisting such an indignity, will I sub mit, being innocent of the charge against me. I will go quietly : hold me, if you wish ; unbutton, if you please, my braces, so u to prevent my running away ; if your force be not sufficient, send for more ; but do not attempt to degrade a gentleman with handcufti, or I '11 pitch the first man that approaches me overboard. One of the alguacile now got into a boat, which made for the sea-fort; while the other drew a pistol, and, presenting it at me, said,-" If you run away, you are a dead man." I replied," If I don't die until that pistol kills me, I shall have a brevet comnPaaion for immortality. My friend, whenever you draw a pistol to

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TRB A.DVBlfTUAU OP ... oaBOLB. 201 frighten a man of weak oenes, unle11 his eye sight is aleo weak, don't forget to prime it, and shut the pan. The alguacil stamped with rage, while I laughed at him. A serioua thought came acroa my mind. The poor fellow is only doing bis duty. But what could induce any one to charge me with murder? It is absurd ; yet, I know that ao dilatory is the Spanish law, that I may lie for months in prison before any charge is brought against me. Meanwhile, the smuggler will re tum, visit the cave, and, perchance, find the treasure. As soon as he arrives I must send and let him know of the matter, and we will share the gold and silver. B11t what," "if he visit the cave before I sem1 to him. Ab, here comes off a boat of soldiers, with the alguacil. I, however, see there is an officer in it. To his feelings will I appeal agaioat being shackled." It ia neceasary that I relate what brought an officer with the men. The alguacil went to the fort in a ludicrous fright, and stated that he and his fellow-policeman had arrested a murderer, who refused to go with them-that he was a desperate fellow; he therefore, he said, left him in charge of the other alguacil, and came to call it2

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202 WA.RNBR A.RUJlDBLL: on the soldiers, in the name of the king, to asaiat them. The colonel in command of the island garrison happened to be inspecting the fort : he said,-" You seem to be terribly alarmed. Two of you coold not take one man, and yet you leave him in charge of only one. I do not Jike to let the men of my regiment go to aid the civil authorities, unless an officer be with them : as there is no other preeent, I will go with yoo myself." Go he did. When he arrived on board, be said,-" Where is the murderer?,. ".I am," said I, not a murderer, but the man wbo is charged with morder." Is it possible 1 said the colonel. Warner Arundell !" Rivers I" exclaimed I, in an instant. We embraced like brothers. He was the officer with whom I went to England. How changed was he from the poor man, home down by disease and poverty, that I relieved in the miserable garret in London Fortune had been kind to Rivers since I aaw him. Being too poor to live on half-pay during the peace, on his return from the Continent he

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TBB ADVBl!fTUBBS OP A CBBOLB. 203 exchanged with an officer whose regiment was going to Ceylon. Here he met with his wife's father, who, when informed of the honourable way in which he had behaved to his daughter, used al} his interest for his promotion. He, after three yean' servicet, got a majority, and then returned to England. Meanwhile, his father, although he made several wills, which cut off his eon, accord ing to a proverbial expretision, with a shilling, neglected to sign any of these testaments before he died. The consequence was, that Rivers suc ceeded to a valuable estate; but, loving the army, he purchased a step, and now appeared in Trinidad, as lieutenant-colonel and commander of the forces. But what is this, Aruodell? how are you accused of murder?" I am, it seems, so accused ; but wherefore, I know not ; unless attending a wounded man, who died in the act of making a desperate on my own life, be considered murder. But tell me, Rivere, bow is your lady 1" She is well, and in Port of Spain, the mother of five children. But what, Arun dell, caused you to threaten resietance to these men?" I explained, that I merely offered to resist their attempt to handcuff me.

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2()4 WA.BlfBB 4B111'D:m.L: The colonel aaked the alguaeils why they of'ered such an indignity to me l when one said, that, having been told by the governor to appre hend me, several gentlemen on the wharf who heard the order given, told the alguacils to take care of me, u I was a desperate fellow, and woald not hesitate to kill one or both of them, if I could thereby make my escape: they, in fact, adviaed the policemen to manacle me. I bad no hesita tion in ming on the generous gentlemen who gave the alguacils this information ; but, as I went ashore, walking arm-in-arm with the colonel, I disappointed their amiable anticipations. By direction or the governor, I was lodged in the police-office. With what am I charged 1" Aid 1 to the clerk of the office. With the murder of one Smithson.'' And who is my accuser 1" His excellency the governor." Here I was puzzled beyond measure to know what put it into Sir Ralph's head to acewie me-of 10 extraordinary a crime. While expressing my astonishment at the charge to Rivers, ILll elderly dark gentleman entered the office, looked hard at me, and eaid," Is it possible, Mr. Aruodell, you cao have committed snch a crime as murder?"

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TBB A.DVBJIT11RB8 OP A CBBOLB. 206 The queriat shook with emotion as he epoke. No wonder; he was the friend of my orphan boyhood-:the benevolent Dr. Lopez, who had just arrived in the island. After some moments pent in endeavouring to regain my calmness, I related to Dr. Lopez and Rivers the whole of the history of the murder of Smithson, commencing at the time of the commandant's calling in my aid to inapect the wounded man, and omitting all about the treasure; not because I feared to truet either of my worthy friend11, but because I thought a police-office an unfit place. to make such disclosures. Warner," said the friend of my youth, I believe you incapable of telling a direct falsehood. I have lived long enough to know that some vices of youth may be left off in riper years, and that some possess in youth virtues which leave them as they become contaminated by intercourse with that selfish mass of mankind called the world ; but there. is one virtue, which, if a yonth posseu, he never loses through life : I allude to the Ion of veracity. As a boy 1 believe you never told a falaiebood. I do not think you would practise that despicable vice now that you are a man. You have told us, I believe, the truth, and no thing but the truth ; but have you told us the whole truth 1"

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206 'WABXBB il111'DBLL: I paused to recollect, and replied, that I had not stated one part of my connexion with the un happy Smithson. I then related to him all the particulars of the duel, and the robbery or my desk. After this, I stated that there was one more anecdote connected with this aflair, which I declined relating at present. The worthy doc tor was satisfied, immediately sent for his clerk., and wrote a note to the chief of police. Aa that officer had not returned from the carenage, where he went to take depositions respecting the mUJ'lo der with which the governor charged me, the clerk of Dr. Lopez was ordered to take a boat and go after him, and to hurry him up to town. Notwithstanding the vexation of my present situation, I made a hearty breakfast; which meal the colonel sent me. We entered into conversation. He told me that he should not let his amiable wife know that I was in the island, lest she might find out my present situation. This might disagreeably afl'ect her, as she was in an interest ing situation. About noon the attorney-general and the go vernor arrived at the police--office. The former commenced taking what, in Spanish, is called gummaria : that is, he began the voluminou11 and almost interminable body of evidence, hearsay

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TBB ADVBWTUBEI 01' A CBBOLB. 207 and direct, which the Spanish criminal code re quires to prove and to mystify the clearest case. He commenced, as usual in such cases, to ex amine me on p08cicion'ia, that is to say, putting questions which must be answered categorically, although the accused ie allowed to give any ex planation he likes. At the same time, the attor ney-general protests against any thing you may aay in your favour ; taking all the admissions which the prisoner makes against himself. I will give a specimen of this mode of examining a prisoner on posciciones. Is it true you bad a serious quarrel with the deceased t '' Yee, it is." Taken against me. Is it not true that, in comequence of your suspecting him of having placed a letter in the news-room, yon entertained strong indignation against him t Yes, it is true; but my indignation was mixed with contempt." The first part of my answer taken, the latter part protested against. le it not true that, when the officers of the police were about apprehending you, on board of the steam-boat, you threatened to pitch them overboard ?

PAGE 776

.Auwer .-" I did not do thia until they wished to degrade me by putting handcuft'a on me." .Attf1r11e!J-geMral.-" I must have a catego rical answer; any explanation you chooee to give mU8t follow your affirmation or denial." He repeated the question. I answered in the affirmative, but explained that my resistance did not proceed from a wish to oppose their author ity, but that I thought they were using me badly, by offering to put manacles on me. My admi&r sion was takeu ; but my explanation was protested against, as being in my favour. I will not weary the reader with giving an account of the whole of the absurd queatio111 put to me ; but merely state that, at the end of these, I addressed the attorney-general, and tuld him he was taking a great deal of trouble to no purpose. If he would wait for the return of the chief of police, he would find that Smithson had been murdered by the man with whom, two nights since, he had escaped from prison. My advice was not followed, and the proceed ings were continued. I was sent into another room, and the attorney-general commenced ex amining the housekeeper of Smithson; for, by the Spanish law, the witnesses and prisoner are uever confronted, nor are the former ever aul.-

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TBB A.DVBNTUBBS OP A. OBBOLB. 209 jected to that searching examination which, in an English court, often draws truth from the moet reluctant witnesses, and conlounds the art ful fabrication of the moat perjured. No: any thing the witness chooses to say is written down : and, at any time during the trial, while the naamaria is open, the party may alter, add, diminish, or correct his deposition. All the prisoner can do is to get the court to put to the witneesea a certain number of written questions. In my cue, the only witness examined wu one Mary Anne St. Martin, the woman who lived with the deceased ; and she knew nothing of the matter, save from conversation with him a week before his death. All this hearsay evidence wu, however, taken, until the whole proceeding wu stopped by the arrival of the chief of police and the commandant of the quarter. These gentle men laughed outright at the blunder in accusing me of the murder of Smithson. They produced the whole of the &estimony taken on the spot, including SmiLhson's own account of the murder. Sir Ralph looked carefully, and, at first, incre dulouely, over the depositions. He put a few questions to the commandant; and that gentle man gave an account of meeting me, and of the desperate alt.empt the dying wretch made on my life. The governor then said,-

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210 1f A.BNBR .A.RUNDBLL : le it possible that I could be so mistaken 1 I seem doomed continually to wrong true Warner Arundell. What think you, Mr. Attorney-gene ral, after this evidence of the prisoner's case 1 '' "That he is," said the attorney-general, '"in nocent, beyond a doubt. Here is the command ant's testimony, the evidence of a dozen disin terested spectators, and the man's own declaration that he was wounded by Pedrosa, a villain that had escaped gaol with him. This ruffian, it seems, subsequently made an attempt on the life of a fishermau named Briggs, who, in eelf defence, slew him ; thus saving the colony the trouble and expense of hanging him. But let us go into the next room and dismiss Dr. Arondell, who seems to have acted on this occasion in a praiseworthy manner." The whole of the parties now came into the hall in which I was; and the crown-lawyer said to me," Mr. Arundell, the proceedings againat you are quashed ; for you are found not only totally innocent of the charge brought against you, but it appears, by the testimony of the commandant, that your conduct in this transaction was highly laudable. Alguacils, Mr. Aroodell is I cast a glance at hie excellency, who looked rather ashamed of himself; and aaid,-

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TBB ADVB!fTURBS OP A. CRBOLB. 2J l Permit me to ask Sir Ralph Woodford, who, as governor, thinks it degrading to become a spy, how he came to induce me to go on board_ a steam-boat, under pretence of inviting me to dine with him, and on his arrival in town to send two policemen on board to put a degradation upon me, by endeavouring to bring me hand cuffed through the streets, like a petty-larceny knave?" I never authorised any one so to degrade you," said Sir Ralph Woodford, with much warmth, well pleased to be enabled to shift some part of the blame of my late unworthy treatment on others. His excellency, being displeased with himself, wished to give others the benefit of his displeasure. When I invited you on board the steam boat," he continued, it was not with an inten tion of inveigling you to town to bring a false accusation againitt you. How could you think. me guilty of such dishonourable conduct?" If I have wrongly accused 8ir Ralph Wood ford, I beg his pardon. But we are all liable to err-for even the governor of Trinidad some times is mistaken in his suspicions; although how I became the object of those suspicions, is to me a mystery." My suspicions arose from your murmurings

PAGE 780

212 1u.aBR il11KDBLL: in your sleep. I neYer w one so reatlea1, nor have I ever heard or an innocent man who mut tered 811Ch thing& io his slumber as you did. Yo11 talked or murder, of great temptation, of blood being on your bands, and of dead men telling no tales. You laid yesterday yo11 were innocent, but that youl' conacience told you that this day you were a villain. When I heard yoa say this, I thought you had some deep crime on your comcience; and, by speaking to you, I wu in hopes of taking advantage of your restl aleep, in order to draw from you the troth. You uttered nothiog distinctly, but the name of Smithson. Now, haviog heard the preceding day that one of that name had been murdered, I con cluded you were connected with this aeeHaination, bot am happy to I wu mistaken.'' Oh I thinks I, the murder is at leogtll out. So it wae in reality your voice I beard amid my dream, and your form that I saw u I awoke. Strange that sleep should play me nearly the same pranks that it did Fedon laat week!" I was about to reply to the governor, when I heard some one outeide the hall, saying,-" I wish to see Mr. Warner Arundell. I am told he is here." 'L You cannot see him now," said a policeman, for he ii with the goTernor.''

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TBB ADVBl!fTUBD OP A OBBOLB. 2)3 But I must and wiU aee him exclaime4 the unknown voice, rising an octave higher. The algoacil rejoined : You can't and shan't see him now: he ia being examined aboot a murder that he bu com mitted." You lie in your throat -you Jie roared the other, in forious altissimo. You lie in your throat, to say my poor brother bas committed murder. The blood of a murderer never flowed in the veins of one of my father's children. Ob, poor Warner! why did you leave your family, to be accused of murder in this unchristian country?" Scarcely was this uttered, when in rushed my brother Rodney, pursued by the policeman. He perceived me, and exclaimed," Warner, my dear Warner! do I meet you accused of murder? Say it ia not true ; for I know you would not lie to save your life No, Rodney,'' I replied; as you said, the blood of a murderer never flowed in the veina of a eon of our father. I was accused, but am acquitted." The poor fellow now rushed forward, em braced me, and, although old enough to be my father, he wept like a child. Colonel Rivers had just arrived, and was affected by this scene; and even the governor,

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214 W.ARNBR J.BUNDKLL: under pretence of hBTing occasion to use his handkerchief, wiped his eyes. Rivers buried me oat of the poliee--office : he placed me in his handsome cunicle, bidding his servant shew my brother his residence, and begging the latter to come there. He drove me to bis house. It was my letter which brought my brother to Trinidad. He came in a fine achooner he now owned, and brought with him three of his tall sons, and a packet of news for me, by which I waa informed by a young, brieftess, but clever lawyer, that, if I would return to St. Christo pher's, he (the lawyer) would make Keen and Leech disgorge all the property of which, be said, he could easily proYe that they bad plundered me. I was conducted into a splendid apllrlment, and left with my brother Rodney, while Riven went to prepare his wife for an interview. How different were the fine apartments, open in aD directions to let in the air, and surrounded with palms, laurels, and bamboos, compared to the wretched in which I found Riven, some eight years since, in London I learnt from my brothers that all my letter& had been intercepted. I never found out how this happened, but have been led to believe it came to pass thus :-When a packet arrives in the West Indies, there is always great bustle in the

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TBB A.DVB!fTURBS OP A. CREOLE. 215 poet-office of the colony. Merchants, having the greatest number of despatches to receive, always send in their clerks first ; and these are, of course, soonest attended to. Some are in the habit of taking up letters for various persona living in the country; hence it often happens that, bet1ides aaking for any letter1 for their house, the clerks hand through the little pigeon hole a list of other letters required, and pay the postage of all together. I believe the worthy firm of Keen and Leech, by this method, saved my brothers the expense of the postage-and the trouble of reading my letten. I enjoyed the conve1'8ation with my brother for about a quarter of an hour, when the lovely Mrs. Rive1s entered, leading in her hand a fine lad of about eleven years, the same whom I had rescued from the baboon Jumbie. She wept with joy at our meeting. I kissed her hand. Nay, Warner, and you salute so coldly! You are not a t1'1le creole," said her husband. I snatched a ki88 from her lips: by accident her comb fell out, and her fine hair broke loose like a and flowed down to her heels. Yoo see, Mr. Arundell, my hair is restored; but do not think I shall sell it again to your old friend in Warwick Street." She said this with a grateful tear in her eye.

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216 WA.B1'B1l A.RU1'DBLL: When I told her olmy recent autFering, pereecution, and accusation, ahe again wept. They had been in the island during the laat month, but the colonel did not mix bimselr up in the trifling politics of the place ; and, u to the news paper which had attacked me, it never men tioned my name-and, of course, Riven made no inquiry about who waa the object of their ecurrility Speaking of the paper reminds me of the following anecdote. As we were talking, the newspaper arrived, wet from the prees. It contained, by way of a leading article, these words:-" We stop the press to announce to our sub ecribers, that the infamous W. A., of saintly spying notoriety, baa just been brought to town guarded, and lodged in the police-office, on a charge of having murdered the poor man who, a week or two since, exposed, in the public news-room, the proofs of this miscreant being a tool of the anti-slavery faction. We understand the proofs of the villain's guilt are conclusive. We caution our judge that our eyes are upon him, and that toe will look sharp that he does hie duty in punishing this villanous saint, with out any fear of the influence of the Aldermanbory faction

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TIJB ADVBNTURBS OP A CREOLE. 2) 7 With that spirit of impartiality which has ever characterised our columns, we abstain from further obeervation on this man's case, lest we should prejudiu him, and prejudice his case. Having enjoyed a hearty laugh at the above, I absolutely wished its author less contemptible, that I might have had the pleasure of taking little we' by the nose. As soon as the lady retired, I related to Rivers and my brother the whole account or the adven ture in the ruins, and stated where I bad depo sited the treasure. My brother and the colonel were overjoyed at my good fortune, and we agreed on the Collowing plan. Riven was to send on board my brother's schooner a military chest, large and strong enough to contain the whole of the bags of gold and silver. We, under pretence of going marooning, should anchor oft' the island; when the colonel, my brother, his three sons; and myself, should get into the cave, bring out the treasure, put it in the chest in a boat, and bring it to town. Our plan succeeded admirably. We sailed by daylight, and went into the secret cave. I found the trea sure where I had left it. We got it safely to town, and lodged it in the colonel's quarters VOL. JU. L

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218 W'.\R!JBR J.RUJIDBLL: before evening, without suspicion. I found my self in poeeeesion of coins, gold, and silver, to the amount of eighteen thousand pounds sterling, be sides some valuable jewels.

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TBB ADVBNTUBBS OP 4 CRBOLE. 219 CHAPTER XIII. La fortune tourne tout a l'anutage de ceoi: qu'elle Cuoriae." RoceEFOUCAULD. FoBTU1'B now set in full tide in my favour. Two days after the events recorded above, as I was reading in the apartment of Rivers, some one sent in bis address to me. I looked at the card, on which was written, Sable." This abbe was rather an original. He was a Vendean during the long civil wars of bis native land : he fought bravely in defence of bis king. His intrepidity procured him the rank of a chief. His fame spread so much, that the Convention doomed his death over and over again ; but there is no taking off the head of any man until he is caught, and Jean Jacques Sable was not to be caught. In vain. the Republic offered latge sums for his body, dead or alive ; in neither state could it be taken. At length La Vendee was over-run, and the brave Chuans were obliged to yield ; yet Sable disdained to submit to

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220 W A.RNBB A.RUNDELL : the Republic, although a general pardon wH offered to all concerned in the war. He wan dered about the Bocage for some months, con cealing himself like a hunted fox. He then passed over into Brittany ; and, after many months' concealment, contrived to get on board a British frigate, which brought him to England. He lived, Heaven knows how, in London, until he got the situation of servant to an emigrant bishop -one of those unfortunate wanderers to whom the British nation (much to its honour) allowed a small pittance. The bishop, finding Sable apt, instructed him in Latin, and finally ordained him. A more benevolent man scarcely existed : at the same time few men possessed a temper less suited to the priesthood. He was hasty, violent, cl leric; and, withal, mixed so much of the soldier with the priest, that, but for his well-known in tegrity, he scarcely would have tolerated. His sermons were full of military phrases and allusions. He would get into such furious pueions while preaching against sin aud immorality, that his homilies seemed like downright scolding. He seldom mentioned the names of the party against whom his invectives were levelled; yet, his allusions were so pointed, that few in a small community but knew who had excited the indignation.

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TUB A.DVBNTUBBS OP A. ORBOLB. 221 I believe Addison told a story about a country clergyman, who threatened that, if a certain squire of his parish did not amend his morals, he {the clergyman) would pray for him before all the congregation. In like manner, Abbe Sable would threaten to put certain immoral character.a into his sermons. When he kept this threat, he would make the besetting sin of the party the sub ject of his discolll'lle. In the middle of this he would fix his eyes on the offender, and break into a violent apostrophe. Methinks," he would say, I behold before me a hoary-headed man, a veteran in sin, almost on the superannuated list, who poHesses whole regiment of grand-children : instead of setting a good and virtuous example to these, he is con tinually parading whole troops of vices," &cc. Thus he would proceed, describing the incor rigible old man in his warlike terms. times, when his preaching failed to produce the desired effect, he would threaten to cuff his refractory parishi
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222 WA.81' A8UNDBLL: the brawler or drunkard by the back or the neck, exclaiming," Go home Sacre canaille I am I to preach for ever in Tain t Home to your wife It is remarkable that, although canaille was his general appellation for the populace, yet the lower orders all esteemed him ; for, after all, they knew the old, warm-hearted, but peppery t.empered Vendean chief to be their friend. He had a number of rich legacies left him, the whole of which he disposed of in benevolent acts. Such waa the Abbe Sable, who came to wait on me. The business which the abbe wanted with me was of an extraordinary nature. I need not relate the entire particulars of our inteniew, bu& tell the result in general terms. After Fedon the restless Fed on -had fled from this on board a smuggling schooner, the vesael was wrecked oft' the island of Grenada. Several per sons were drowned. Amongst the rest, the old sibyl, Julie Sanois. Fedon swam ashore, and, after twenty-six years of wandering, found him self, by chance, amid the scene of bis crimes. No one recognised in the worn skeleton, St Jago, the portly Republican general, Fedon. At length he found an old asaociate, who bad made bis peace with the government, although deeply implicated in the guilt of rebellion. This

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THB ADVB1'1TUBB8 A CBBOLB. 2'23 man protected his old chief; and they went together to dig up a treasure which Fedon, pre vious to his flight, had buried. But, unlike the gold and silver of Don Juan Baptista, it had been di11covered and removed years previous to their search : all they found was a small iron chest, which had a little money, and a great number of papers belonging principally to my late father. A few days at\er this, Fedon was taken mor tally sick. He sent for a priest, revealed who he was, under the mask of confession, and desired the papers in question to be sent to me, who, he truly said, would be found in Trinidad. The priest could not come over himself, but sent them to me through the Abb6 Sable. This was the cause of bis visit to me. These papers, which, during the wars of 1795, had fallen into the hands of the rebels, were of the greatest importance tu me, in further ing the recovery of my property. They con sisted of copies of correspondence between my father and Me88rs. Keen and Leech ; receipts for sums with which, subsequently, bis estates were charged ; copies or bills of exchange, drawn in favour of this house, with acknowledgments for the same ; the will of my maternal grand father ; a deed of mortgage, executed by my

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224 WA.BNBB A.BUNDBI.L: father, in favour of the father of his wif'e ; and a great number of papers which, little as I knew of law, plainly shewed me that I had been kept for years out of my rightful property. Scarcely was the priest gone, ere my friend Powel entered. I told you," said he, that I would fathom all the plot of Smithson against you, and I have kept my word." Powel, although not a man of brilliant endowments, was poeeeseed of much perseverance and honesty ; he had, without consulting with me, taken much trouble to undeceive the public -a task I would advise no man to undertake, unless he is prepared to undergo pel'&eCution, Eor pretendihg to be wise by proving hie neighbours fools. However, Powel got up a plain statement of what took place at the duel between Smith and Naysmith, and the shameful and cowardly behaviour of Smithson on the oocuion. Thia explained the cause of the malice of the latter. He then took the evidence of several penons respecting the robbery of my desk. This, be fairly made appear, was committed by the old 10ldier, with the connivance and by the usistance of Smithson. This man, be fairly proved, bad left the letter of the anti-slavery secretary at the news-room. But the most important discovery

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TBB J.DVBMTVBBS OP J. CBBOLB. 226 Powel brought to light, was in finding the copy of my reply to the Anti-alavery Society, taken, not with a pen, but by means of a machine which I possessed for copying letters. This document was found amongst the rest of my papers, in the house or Smithson, when it was searched by the police. Powel made all present certify to the paper being discovered there. The reading of this copy of my letter completely exposed the abaurdity of the clamour lately raised against me. The entire evidence obtained and given by Powel made it appear to all men of calm minds, in the island, that I bad been injured. But I never, myself, stirred in the affair ; I was com pletely passive : I had seen enough of the public opinion of a small community to despise it ; and, what was better, I was rich enough to defy it. Calumny can only wound the indigent ; the opu lent, whether guilty or innocent, she cannot reach. Thrice is he armed that hath his quarrel juat ;" but he who can afford a suit of golden mail is invulnerable. In general, the popular voice changed in my favour; but several of those who were loudest in the cry against me now hated me more than ever, because they found they bad wronged me. One of those persons was a medical man. L.2

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226 WARNBB ABUNDBLLo The cau1e of this individual's dislike to me was singnlar. Some months previous to this, I had written a few remarks on the treatment of al d'estoneac, which I eent to an English medical joumal, without any signature, but merely dated it from Trinidad. The author of this piece, Doctor --in vain att.empted to diacover, and took it into his head to father the foundling him self. He so often said be was the author, that per haps be himself believed it, although others might not Doctor --, one day, met me in Port of Spain, and asked me what I thought of the remarks on mal d' utomac alluded to. I gave an evasive answer ; and he added, I ask your opinion, Arundell, because I want your judgment of my production." Not wanting to contradict him, nor to make him repeat his lie, I endeavoured to change the conversation ; but be would not permit it. I see," said he, you doubt that I Wl'Ote the article alluded to ; but, come this way-I will convince you Saying this, he took me by the arm, and hurried me into his library, to convince me that be was the author of my own production Sit down there," said be, "and I'll shew you the original MS before I corrected it to aend home

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TBB A.DVBMTURBS OP A. CBBOLB, 'J:27 I seated myself, and be pretended to look for a paper which was not in existence. I felt such a mixture of pity for this person's vanity, contempt for his mendacity, and mirth at my own awkward situation, that I underwent almost torture to keep from laughing,_ while he with a grave counte nauce looked amongst his papers, exclaiming, Where can it have got to?" At length, taking up an edition of Joe Miller, which happened to be at hand, I fixed my eyes on some good old joke, and, making this an excuse, laughed until the tears ran down my cheeks. Whether the doctor saw through my dissimu lation, and suspected what a fool he had been making of himself, I cannot tell : certain am I that, from that day forth, he hated me cordially' and was the first to commence, and the last to leave traducing me. Such is human nature. About this time I received a letter from Fer nandez ; its contents were both pleasing and painful to me. The writer expressed his joy at hearing that I was well, and learning where I was; be having in vain inquired what had be come of me. He stated that, in consequence of the bnrning of the Casa del Rey at Alta Gracia, on the night of our flight, General Paez, conjectur ing that their camp was attacked, made a furious onslaught in its rear. This completely sue-

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228 W4RBBB 4BUWDBLL: ceeded, and the Royaliatl were routed with great slaughter. Paez, having supposed that Fernandez, D' Aubert, and myself, were slain, retaliated on six of his prieoners, whom he cut down with his own hand. Morales now prepared to put to death a number of prisoners which he poesessed, when. the angel of mercy' attempted to interfere ; but Morales, fired with anger at his late defeat, not only refused her humane request, but treated her with some indignity, saying, that he would exter minate the whole race of creoles in South A.me. rica Her cousin, Colonel Ximenes, interfered, when Morales raised his hand to strike him. He drew his sword. Morales called his guard, and ordered Ximenes to be shot ; on which a general affray took place. A revolt of three thousand creoles, which had been long getting strength in secrecy, now bunt forth, and gave a death-blow to the cause of Ferdiuand. Poat by post was lost by the Royalists ; every creole capable of bearing arms now joined the patriotic standard, and each day brought new di&- astere to the army of Morillo. In the whole of the immense continent of South America, the Spaniards possessed but one fortress of import ance, viz. Porto Cabello, which was daily expected to fall Fernandez further informed me, that when

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TBB A.DVB:NTURB8 OP A CRBOLB. 229 Bolivar was made acquainted with my eecape, he expressed great joy. He was pleased to say, I bad done the state some service ; he ordered me to be paid all my arrears, and up to the date or his letter: the amount of this he sent to Fernandez immediately after his capturing a million of dol lars from the Royalists. He also sent me an invitation to rejoin his army as soon as my parole e:s:pired. Fernandez told me I might draw on him for my money at pleasure, and requested that, if I did not prosper in Trinidad, I would run down to St. Thomu's, where he possessed the means of aiding me. Thus much of Fernandez's letter was pleasing; but, like a ICOrpion, i* bore a sting in its tail. The last paragraph informed me that Colonel Ximenes had been killed, and no one knew what had become of Maria Josefa or her family, further than this,-that they had left the Main, and had gone to where, after they had disposed of a quantity of jewels, they embarked in an American brig, bound on a trading voyage : it was uncertain whither this vessel went. Thi11 news threw a damp on my spirits. I joyed in my good fortune, because I hoped my dearest Maria Josefa would have shared in it. Without her, riches were to me as dro88. I was

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230 W A.RNBR 4RUlfDBLL : happier while pursuing my laborious occupation at La Brea, than amid the. idleness they induced me to indulge in. My kind brother Rodney perceived the dejec tion which this letter produced, and, to stimulate me to that exertion which is the best remedy against grief, he told me I had a duty t.o perform to others, in rescuing my late father's slaves from the tyrannical grasp of Keen and Leech. This advice had the desired effect. I packed up the documents sent me by Fedon, t.ook an leave of Rivers and his amiable lady, bid fare well to honest Powel, and M'lzed the band of one of my old fellow passengers in the Saucy Jack, who now filled an humble situation in the island. The circumstance that endeared him t.o me was, that he was one of the few who, amid my perse cution, dared t.o combat fame in my behalf. This, without doing me any service, got him into the bad graces of the community. I embarked on board my brother's ecbooner, which, four days after, anchored in St. John's, Antigua. All my affectionate coloured sisters and brothers came on board to visit me. Our meeting was painfully affectionate : I was bailed with triumph, and looked on with pride. That The Editor oftbeM papen.

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THB ADV BNTURBS OP A CBEOLB. 2.'3) scoundrel, Leech, who had intercepted my letten, told them that I had taken to bad courses : my appearance satisfied them this was a calumny. I rich to them, and they rejoiced in my prosperity. Had I come to them in indigence, they would have shared their last meal with me. On going ashore, my gawky cousins came in clusters to see cousin Waamer, as they called me. None inquired where I had been, save the youngest; who said,-" I'm told, buddy, you've been home;' what sort of a place is England 1" Before I could reply to bis comprehensive question, he answered it himself, by saying," I'm told its rather hot in summer, but rillly cold in winter. This satisfactory account of home I confirmed.

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W.&B!fBB 4RU!fDBLL: CHAPTER XIV. lie, wnngliDg coaru 1111d 8'Ubbona Jaw. To toil, 1111d crowda and cities, draw ; TJie.re Mlhh f.ction mies the day, And pride llDd anrice the way." s .. WJLLJAM BLACUTOlll.. I rn now give an account of my legal campaign with MessN. Keen and Leech. The eenior of thia highly respectable firm' had died, leaving his property to his junior partner, who had married the daughter of Keen. Leech was in the enjoyment of good health, and a large ill-gotten fortone. On my arrival in Antigua, I immediately sent f()f' the young enterprising lawyer who had told my brothers that he coold recover the whole of my property, which had been put into the possession of the above-named firm by a decree of chancery, over which presided a man-of-war chancellor : for it ia a fact, even at this day, frcm a little poem o8lled Tbe Law1a' Farewell to hu llia..' I j

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TBB A.DVBNTURBS OP 4 CRBOLB. 233 captains and lieutenants of the navy preside over chancery courts in the West Indies. The lawyer's physiognomy pleased me. He was tall, rather slender; gray, but penetrating eyes; spoke little, but what he did say seemed much to the purpose. Altogether, his features indicated patience, shrewdness, and coolness. After relating by what extraordinary accidents I had become posseued of the papers which I re ceived from Fedon, I submitted them to his perusal. In a moment he was pro{oundly engaged in their inspection. During his long scrutiny of the mass of docu ments before him, I anxiously watched his coun tenance as he carefully inspected paper by paper, docketing some, putting others aside, and folding up others moat carefully in paper. Repeatedly he uttered interjections of surprise and joy ; now and then exclaiming," So, Messrs. Keen and Leech, is this the way you conduct business? charge principal and interest on an account paid twenty years since 1 What's this 1 by all that is lucky, a prior mortgage on your St. Kitt's estate in favour of old Stewart Warner I And here, too, is the old gen tleman's will, made in favour of his daughter. Had she any other children than you, Mr. Arun dell ?"

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234 WABHBB ABUHDBLL: No other. I am her first and only child, Mr. Gayton "-(that was the lawyer's name). All is right : yon are the natural heir of Stewart Warner. And what is here?" He read over the copy of a letter caref'ully, and then obeerved : Here is something that may lead to a dis covery of a most important secret. Although I have enough here to ruin those villains, I must follow up a clue which this letter gives me. Rodney, is old Codriogton in St. Kiu's?" He is," replied Rodney. "Then," rejoined Gayton, "you must get your schooner under way iMtanter, to carry me down directly. I must see this old man." My brother went to get the vessel ready, and the lawyer said to me," Take the greatest care of theee documents. All is right. I will make this Leech disgorge the blood he has been sucking, but must go down to St. Kitt's without delay. Do you think this old man, Codrington, well-inclined to your in terest?" I believe so. He treated me kindly when I visited St. Christopher's in 1812, despite the threats of Keen and Leech, whom he eet at defiance." Well he might. I believe be was in

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TBB ADVBllTURBS OP A CBBOLE. 235 session of a secret that would have ruined them, and may yet do so." "Mr. Gayton, you seem both enthusiastic and sanguine in my cause : permit me to give you a retainer." Gayton looked well pleased at the heavy fee I put into his hand: it was the first he had received. My brother Rodney returned to tell Gayton that the schooner was ready, when two strange men entered the room. One of them addressed me, and asked me if my name was Warner Arnndell. I replied in the affirmative. He tapped me on the shoulder, and said," I arrest you in the name of the king, for one thousand pounds, at the suit of Keen and Leech." I was puzzled at this event, until my lawyer explained. The fact was, old Leech having got alarmed at my unexpected arrival in Antigua, anticipated a legal war between us : he, there fore, resolved to commence operations offensively by capturing me ; and so, oaths being very cheap, be swore to a debt, and got a writ against me. We must," said Gayton, go to the mar shal's oftice. Call your brother Clarence. You two will bail Mr. Arundell ?" "Willingly," said Rodney, who had returned.

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236 W4BJfBB ilUJfDBLL: Clarence is cloee at hand, and we '11 be at the manhal 'a office before you." He kept his word, and we all met at the marshal's office. I saw Arnold there. This person bad formerly been head clerk to the house, but now wu a partner. Gayton ol'ered u my bail my two brothers : theM the manhal seemed willing to accept, until a nod from Arnold made him reject them. I ofFer you good and 10fficient bail : you are well aware that either of these gentlemen pcaae111 twice the amount of property which is named in this writ. At your peril refuse it !'' The marshal paused, when Arnold whispered," I'll bear you harmless." Do you reject the 1-il tendered t" asked Gayton. I do,'' said the provoet-marshal. "Then, sir, we must try the question of Cabe imprisonment." I now interfered, and 18.id,-" Run, Rodney, home. Here are my keys ; you will find in my desk more than that aum in doubloons. Bring it to me." Away went my brother. Ao old gentleman, who wore military boots, powdered hair, and a queue, who was present at this scene, said,. Are you, sir' the SOD of Bearwell Arundell r

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TB B ADVBKTUBB8 OP A CREOLE. 237 "I am." '' Indeed! Welcome, the son of my old patron Your father pUl'Chased my first commission. Mr. Marshal, will you take my security for this young man for a thousand pounds?" I will, willingly, colonel," said the marshal. He immediately signed the bond, and I was free. I thanked the worthy colonel for his kind ness; and the other, in true West India style, gave me an invitation to spend a year or two on his estate. Thus ended the affair of my arrest; but Leech became more alarmed than ever. It was now evident that I possessed the sinews of justice money Yes ; although gold is said to be the root of all evil, very little good can be done without it. The next manreovre of the enemy was to send a clerk to me. He found me at the house of my brother George, whoee birth-day it happened to be, and the whole of the numerous family were asaembled. The young man opened his commis sion to me before all the assembled descendants of Beanvell Arundell. It was this. Old Leech sent me a proposal by their clerk to quash all proceedings against me, and allow me two hun dred and fifty pounds sterling per annum, pro-

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' 238 WARNBR A.RU1'DBLL: vided I wonld make a conveyance in their Cavour of all my property, and quit the West Indies. Scarcely bad the knight of the quill finished delivering this modest propoaal, ere the whole family of sisters, brothen, nephews, and nieeee, gave tongue together, in all tones, keys, and pitches of 'oice-bass, tenor, treble, and so prano. The young man looked alarmed, and was in absolute danger of suffering from the nails of the female part of the assembly ; but I exerted my influence, rescued him, and got him out by a back entrance, telling him to iilform bis employer to send me no.more messengers or mea eages. My affair, I said, would shortly be in the hands of competent judges, who would not allow old Leech to escape into his grave without obli ging him to disgorge his ill-gotten wealth. The following day, as I was seated in my own apartment, looking at a portrait of my father, which had been given to me by one of my cou sins as a picture it was an indifferent perform ance, but the likeness to the old gentleman was remarkably well pret1erved-while my eyes were fixed on this portrait, old Leech entered. This man, although as great a knave u ever disgraced commerce, was, in appearance, a portly old gentleman. Through life he bad been active

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TBB ADVBNTUBBS OP A. CRBOLB, 239 and temperate, and he now enjoyed a healthy age. "Good morning to you, Mr. Warner," said he ; what are you looking at 1 the portrait or your father 1 Well, you are really like him, but that you are taller; and I may say, without Battery, better looking." "Have you any thing more to say, with or without Battery ?" I called on you, Mr. Arundell, to give you the best advice, and to make you aware that you are in the hands of a great knave-I allude to Gayton, the young lawyer.'' I have long, I believe, been in the hands of two great knaves-I allude to Keen and Leech." Nay, young man, some respect I hope you will have for the friend of your father; or, if you do not respect me, respect my gray hairs. I do not come to bandy words with you, but to give you some of the best of advice Take care, I seech you, of this young lawyer, Gayton. He will recommend you to spend all your savings (and they cannot be of great amount) in litiga tion : your estates will be thrown into chancery ; and the child is not yet born who will see the end of the process. Now listen to me. Why should old friends quarrel when we can decide our dis putes in an amicable manner 1 True, I posseu

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240 W ABJl88 A.BOWDRLL : the Arundell and Clarence estates by u good a title as the law can give me; but then I am getting old, and do not wish to be annoyed with lawyers. Yoo were at cborcb last Sanday : do yon not re collect, in the next pew eat a 6ne young lady, with auburn hair? (red should have been the word): "Well, Mr. Aruodell, she is my daughter. Buck up to her, win her, and have her. I will give you, as a dowry, half the estates which yom filther forfeited to me by a foreclosure of mort gage, and a great deal more when I die ; besides which, you will be near me, and I shall always be able to give you the belit advice." After saying this, he paused for a reply. I roee and said, pointing to the portrait of my parent,-" Please to look on this picture. I direct yom atteotiou to it for this reuon : it was taken many years since, about the time you came to this country a poor friendless boy, who bad run away from bis cruel guardian or the workhoUle, and worked his oot to Antigua on board a merchantman. All this 1 have heard from good authority. I have further been informed that, after you landed, yo11 wandered friendless iu the Btreets of St. John's; yon knew not the name of one person in the island-no one knew yoa. At length, pressed with banger, you entered my

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TBB .lDVBMTURBS OP .l CREOLE. 241 p father's store, and begged for something to eat. Shocked ancl surprised at a good-looking white lad being in your destitute state, he brought you into his house, caused your hunger to be relieved, and clothed you. His goodness did not stop here: he made you lumber-clerk. He wished to advance you; but he found your education had been too much neglected to introduce you into his counting-house ; he, therefore, sent you to school. You learned rapidly; he gradually advanced you to be his head-clerk, and, finalJy, his partner. He retired from mercantile busine98. and lef\ you at the head of a commercial establish ment. You then became the partner of the house of Keen and Leech. My father's fortunes began to decline; you became his creditor. He died; you seized on the property of the man who had reliel"ed your hllnger and clothed your naked ness ; you plundered the orphan child of the man who educated you, and advanced your fortune; you left him to want in the inhospitable streets of London ; you intercepted his letters to his affectionate brothers and sisters; you calum niated him to those brothers; while wallowing in wealth which belonged to the son of your patron, you obliged him to become an ad\"enturer in Oue ,. boee buaine.ta ia to receive boards, ehinglea, aud 1tan1, Crom American veasela. VOL. Ill.

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242 WARNBR ARUNDBLL: South America. On his arrival in land wherein his father had relieved you from want, you commit perjury, to cause him to be arrested; and, after all thit1, you come to this plundered son of your kind patron, and, before the portrait of hi.a injured father, say to him, Marry my daughter!' .. After this long speech I rose, and motioned him to the door. He did not go, but made two or three attempts to reply, all of which failed. He at length said," My young friend, you are not sufficiently a man of the world : let me give you a piece of the best of advice." I am sufficiently old, and man of the world enough to know, that there is nothing essentially good that does so little good as good advice. Away! sir. Quit my sight! lest, by looking on this portrait, and then on you, I should remem ber my father's wrongs, and mine, until I forget the respect due to your gray hairs. Away t sir, you have had your answer." Crest-fallen, he quitted my presence. Gay ton came in after this ; to whom I recounted what had taken place. So," said he, he wishes to terminate thia war, by negociating a marriage between his red haired daughter and yourself. Well done, old best-advice I But, enter into no arrangement

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TBB .A.DVBNTURES OP .A. CRBOLB. 243 yet; we have five points of the law in our favour, any one of which is enough to ruin him. But I suspect he will try another plan. However, you sureJy will not fight with the bully of the house?" '' Explain, sir," said I. Why," replied Gayton, when Keen re tired, and Leech got old, he admitted into the concern this Arnold, because he could bully, carry a heavy hammer-headed horsewhip in his hand, and a pistol in his pocket, quarrel, and box over a molasses-cask, and occasionally fight a duel. He has been several times out ; but his duels are affairs, not of honour, but of dishonour. He always fights about money mat ten, concerning some dishonoured bill, some protested order, or some one who duns him too hard; in short, he undertakes all the fighting department of the house." "A fine character, truly!" said I. But you would not go out with such a man?" said Gayton. Not I : I had enough of fighting in my day. At Cayenne, I fought four men one morning; and, when in Columbia, I had, according to O'Flaherty, a bellyful of fighting, and a plen tiful scarcity of every thing else. And as to the

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244 W ABHBB .ABUKDBLL : aff'air with old Leech, I'd rather it should be decided by your tongue than with my pistol." With this assurance, the lawyer left me. The next moming, I went into the news-room for amusement. There was no one there hut a tall man, reading a paper. As I entered, he looked up, when I discovered it to be my old friend, Ezekiel Coffin, of the Ark. We sainted each other warmly ; and I gave him an invitation to spend a few days at my house. As I was talking to this Kentucky man, Amold entered the news-room, with a large hammer-beaded horsewhip in his hand. He addressed me, and said," Mr. Arundell, I want a few words with you." Say them, and I'll listen," said I. I mean, I wish some private conversation." "You can have no conversation I wish to conceal from this gentleman." Ha! What, be is your friend, I presume! I have called for an explanation of your conduct to the senior of our house. He is too old, him self, to bring you to an account; but, as bis junior partner, it is my duty to see that he is not insulted with impunity." I have, sir, no ezplanatioo to giTe. I

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TBB ADVB1'Tl7RB8 01' A CRBOLB. 245 thought my long speech to Mr. Leech suffi ciently explanatory." Do I understand you rightly, Mr. Arun dell1" I guesa," said Coffin, the squire speaks plain enough." "Then, sir, I must send a friend to you for an explanation." Your friend can save himself that trouble." Then, sir, I'll call you out." There, again, you can save labour in vain : according to the Irish boy-' the more you call me out, the more I won't go.' Then, sir, I'll post you as a coward.'' If that will be any gratification to you, I would advise you to do it." Or, perhaps, I may horsewhip you." That I would scarcely advise you to at tempt.'' By this time, several persons had arrived in the news-room. Arnold looked at me, as though he meditated putting his threat in force, but seemed irresolute. He was a well-made man, of middle stature; but I was considerably taller, although I was scarcely muscular in proportion to my height : yei, most persons would pro nounce me, from appearance, capable of perform ing feats of great strength and activity. We

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246 WARNER ARUNDBLL! looked, for some seconds, at each other ; and, thinking he declined assaulting me, I turned to Coffin, and asked him to come and spend the day with me. This invitation the latter rerosed, because, he said, be was to meet a merchant in the news-room. I was about to leave, when Arnold rushed towards me from behind. I anticipated this manamvre, and jumped aside. He struck a blow, which never reached me. To close with him, and wrench the horsewhip out or his hand, was but the work of a second. I caught him by the pole of his neck, and flogged him with his own ruffian whip, until bis jacket wu cut to ribands. He turned, and I found he had drawn a pistol -an awkward weapon to uae in a scufBe : you cannot carry it about you without its being stopped, and before you can draw back the stop-lock, and cock it, your brains may be beaten out. I have generaUy found that those who, in towns, carry pistols in their pockets, are bullies, who calculate on frightening cowards. But, to return to my narrative: before Arnold could cock bis pistol, I closed and disarmed him. With one blow on his head, given with his own pistol, I prostratecl him. He lay on the floor, bleeding and groan ing. I flung the pistol at bis side, and quitted the news-room, saying,-

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TRB A..DV.BJCTURBS OlP A CRBOLB 247 I advised you not to attempt honewhipping me." Several persons removed the almost stunned Arnold. One old gentleman in the place observed, that I was not a man to be assaulted with impu nity. "Nevertheless," said he, "his father would have acted differently on such an occasion." If,'' said Ezekiel Coffin, "you make this remark against the courage of Mr. Arundell, then I gue88 you are tarnation mistaken. He who buys Arundell for a coward, will lay a long time out of his money. Why, when I was in Cayenne, I was hie second : I saw him slick off four Frenchmen, one after another, as smart as a streak of greased lightning through a gooseberry bush." Coffin then related, with some little exaggera tion, the whole of my duels at Cayenne. The story gathered as it travelled, like Paez's guerilla corps, which always gained recruits as it passed onward. At length, the four men I had wounded increased and multiplied faster than Falstaff's two men in buckram, until I was said to have killed two dozen men (more or leas) before breakfast. It is now time that I relate what were the principal points my lawyer intended to proceed on. Firstly; the foreclosure of the mortgages, when I came of age, was an illegal act; as they

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248 WA.lllfBR A.RUNDELL: made it appear, by charging t'or accounts of whieh I held the receipts, that the estate was in their debt, when, on the contrary, they were overpaid. Secondly; the whole of the proceedings were liable to be set aside, on the score of usury ; they haTing taken illegal interest on sums neYer ad vanced. Thirdly; my Antigua estate being an entailed property, it could only be mortgaged du1ing the lifetime of my father. This Keen and Leech knew well at the time they accepted the mortgage. Fourthly ; the estate in St. Christo pher's bad a mo11ecrage of a date anterior to the one held by Keen and Leech. This mortgage was made in favour of my maternal Stewart Warner, who, dying, bequeathed it to my mother. I was, of course, her natural heir: the will was amongst the papers restored by Fedon. Bnt the fifth point was the most extra ordinary : this requires eome explanation. During the last war, Guadaloupe remained a long time in poesesaion of the French ; but our cruisers so crowded the Caribbean Sea, that little of that island's produce ever reached France. Hence. when sugan in our islands were worth ten dollan the hundred-weight, they could haYe been bought in Guadaloope for two dollan. Now, although the latter island was a refuge for privateere, which cut up our commerce, yet there were merchants

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TBB AJ>VBMT'VRBS OP A CRBOLB. 249 base enough to ueist the enemies of their country by smuggling sugars from Guadaloupe to our islands. Thia bad been done during the American war, and my father anticipated it would be practised in the war following tha French Revolution ; be therefore wrote repeatedly to Keen and Leech, forbidding this disgraceful commerce being practised on bis estates The c'bpies of these letters, found amongst my father's papers, attracted the attention of my lawyer, who inquired relative to this matter. He discovered that, my estate being well situated for this nefarious kind of smuggling, eo many hogsheads of sugar were clandestinely brought from Guadaloupe, that, as old Codring ton, the manager, expressed it, what with cart ing up to the estate, and down from it, he never could tell what was made on it." But the custom-house and treasury books cleared up the point. By these it appeared that for years im mense crops had been shipped, 88 the growth, produce, and manufacture of the Clarence estate, in amount ten times as extensive 88 was ever credited to the estate in their accounts. Thia placed the defendants in a terrible di lemma. Either they were obliged to acknowledge that their demands against my father were ten times overpaid, or to confess that they had com mitted a most extensive fraud on the revenue. II 2

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260 W .lRNBB ABUKDBLL : 1'hey could not escape both horns of this dilemma, and either was ruinous. They were ca"obt in their own trap. No eooner did old Leech find that we were in possession of these facts, than despair seized him. His lawyer oft'ered to give up my properties, with ten thousand pounds sterling, to say no more about the matter. I refused to come to tel'llUI. Leech met me by chance, and entreated, with tears in his eyes, that I would not ruin him. I was inexorable. At length, one morning, my servant announced that a lady waited below. Who is she?" asked I. My man could not tell me; she was closely veiled. Bid her send up her name." This she refused to do. Bid her walk up." Up she came. She threw of' her veil, and, behold she was the daughter of old Leech. Notwithstanding her red hair, she wu a fine young woman, and really worthy of a better father. After apologising for the liberty she took in waiting on me, and assuring me-which wu the fact-that she came without the knowledge or her parent, she burst into tears, and begged me, for the sake of charity, to have mercy on bis old age, and not drive him to extremities, as that would bring his gray hairs with sorrow to the grave. The poor creature's feelings ao far over-

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TBB ADVB1'Tl7BBS 01' A. CRBOLB. UJ came her, that she fainted, and it wu a long time before I could recover her. The sincere tears of a virtuous woman would make an impression on a harder heart than mine. I had her conveyed home, promising to con sider her intercession. The result of this was, that I proposed the following arrangement. I was to receive the two plantations free of debt Leech was to give up the last year's crops of both estates, pay all the law charges, including a gra tuity of one thousand pounds aterling to my lawyer, and give me, over and above, twenty thousand pounds. These terms old Leech readily acceded to; but he never more held up his head. His daughter, after his death, married one of my cousins. It was a glorious day on both my planta tions when I took charge of them. Oxen were roasted, and the poor slaves wept with joy. Under the direction of Keen and Leech, they were overworked and ill-treated : under my father they were well off. I promised to follow up my parent's system, and I hope I have kept my word. I believe my people are as happy and contented as any labourers on earth. To have emancipated them before the glorious measure of general freedom was taken by the English nation, would not have served them so well aa treating

PAGE 820

262 W A.JUfD All111'DBLL: them humanely as bondsmen. I believe, had I offered freedom to any of my people prior to the general emancipation, the boon would not have been considered a favour. On the Antigua estate I found two mulauo children : they were the illegitimate offspring or old Leech, who, notwithstanding, kept them in slavery, and gave up the plantation without stipu lating any thing in their favour. I freed them. They were very ignorant : I got them instructed by one of those worthy men, the Moravian bro thers. They chose to remain on the estate, or, as they expressed it, on their born land."

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TBB ADVB1't'17BB8 OP A CBBOLB. CHAPTER XV. Un maunia arrangement nut mieu:i: qu'un bon procia." French Prowrb. TaBsB transactions necessarily took up some months, during which time I did not neglect my interest in Grenada. Application was made at the Co}Qnial Office for a proportion of the com pensation which, at the end of last century, had been conceded to a number of planters who had suffered by the wan of. Grenada in 1795 and 1796. A sum had been awarded to my father amounting to 7000l. This, in consequence of his indolence and infirmity, had never been paid, and, in fact, was never thought of. I sent home During the month of May 1836, a worthy old creole gentlallWl died in Trinidad, in 1traiteDed circum1tallce1, who, it wu well known, bad clai1111 on gonrnment (or much Jupr amount tbu the abon-named aum, (or ION&1 1u1tained by bis father in the Grenada wan; yet, out or abeer negligence be neer could be induced to claim it.

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W .A.R1'BR .A.RUJfDBLL : to the colonial secretary an account of my claim. This was backed by the interest of Colonel Rivers, who had returned to Europe ; and the money was paid. I recovered all my negroea and their progeny from the succeS80rs of Messrs. Sharp and Flint. Both of the latter were dead. The sale of these people was declared illegal ; and their pretended owners were obliged, by the decree of court, to pay over a large sum as damages. The estate of my father, which had been de solated by the wars, had long Jain fallow. By a deed of occupancy, as it is called, it was granted, by the local government, to a merchant of St. George's conditionally, until claimed by the right ful owner, who, on paying an equitable sum for the improvements, could regain it. The latter part of the grant was liable to a legal contest. It had passed through several hands, and was now held by a house in St. George's, on account of some one at home, who had taken it for a doubtful debt. I was about to enter proceedings against these people-for I had acquired a taste for litigationwhen I received a message from one of the par ties, offering to submit our difference to arbitra tion. As I conceived those who wish to settle

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TRB ADVBNTURBS 01' A CBBOLB. 266 disputes by allowing them to be decided by persons unconnected with courts of law, are gene rally honest men, I agreed to this reasonable proposition, and choee two old gentlemen, who were relics of the war of Grenada : they bad sened through the whole of the insurrection with my father. The merchants, on their part, ap pointed two inhabitants of St. George's. The matter to be submitted to their consider ation lay in a small compass. The lands of the plantation I had a clear right t.o : the question was, whether I ought to pay for the various improvements in building, &:c. as well as for the slaves that were placed on it; or, whether the large crops which had been reaped from it (and it was a productive estate), should be con sidered a set-ofF for those improvements? As to the grant of occupancy made by the local govern ment, it was an act of a very doubtful nature, and would not have stood in a court of law ; bot the arbitrators had to decide on the broad prin ciples of equity. On the first meeting, these gentlemen sent to inquire of me, whether I would prefer taking a sum for my right to the property, or paying a sum to obtain it, with all its improvements? I pre f erred the latter ; for I wanted a place wherein

PAGE 824

256 W illCBB AllUllDBLL. to put the slaves I had recovered from the sue> eeseion of Sharp and Flint. They then decided that I was to have the estate, with all its improvements and elavee, on the payment of 6000l. sterling. Thie decision gave satisfaction to all parties. On asking the merchant if he would accept bills of exchange for the amount on a certain house in London, he said that his constituent would haTe no objection to them : be told me that the party whom he and bis partner represented in this affair, had arrived a few days preTiously to me in the island, and was an old friend of mine. "Who can he bet" I inquired. The merchant would not let me know ; bot aaid, the next evening "all the papen would be ready, and that we should meet at my residence to conclude the busine98. I wondered who this old friend could be, but could not conjecture. The next morning the papers were all ready for our respectin signatures, and my bills ready drawn. The merchants and arbitrators were present, and we all waited for the principal, who was to receive the bills of exchange. Who the devil can he bet" said I to

PAGE 825

TBB A.DVB1'lTURB8 OP A. CRBOLB. 257 myself; when I heard a voice from below stain singing the following elegant stanza :" Moll's ftash man was a Chick Lane cove, With bis gal'tford below his knee ; He twice was lagged, and once nigh scragged, But escaped by going to 11ea." Wondering who could be chaunting this aub lime and beautiful verse, I looked below, and beheld, mounting the stairs, the Herculean figure of my old friend, Hollywel, looking as stout and rosy as ever I saw him. He was the man who was to receive the bills of exchange. How are you, Arundell, my covey ? Tip us your bunch of fives : it's long eince we squeezed each other's maulies," said he I expressed myself, as I felt, delighted at un expectedly meeting this good fellow. He put a number of questions to me; some of which I an1wered. Others I could not understand, owing to want of knowledge or the polite language he used. I asked him why he did not call on me sooner? "Why, Master Arundell, I knew you were a little softish about the blunt, so I did not like to Trauported.

PAGE 826

258 W ABlfBB ABtJRDBLL : let you twig that I was the man you bad to deal with, lest our old pallsllip should make you aet like a spooney .'' I understood him to say, that he did not wish to make himself known to me, lest recollecting how kindly he had behaved to me while I was in adversity, I might sacrifice my interest to my gra titude. Poor Hollywel, although he used the language of the outcasts of society, was possessed of the strictest integrity, and the nicest sense of honour. The papers were ready for signature, the business was formally transacted, and I gave Hollywel the bills of exchange. He took them, and, after proper .examination, deposited them in his pocket-book, exclaiming," Two-pence is money, when there's no coal in the house Is it all right, my boys? le all the business concluded ? The lawyer declared it was. Hollywel de liberately opened his ample waistcoat, saying, I've something to tip you, my ball of wax." He loosed a watch-guard, and pulled out the very watch and. appendages of my father, which r sent to him previous to my leaving London. There," said he, there is your tattler your box of minutes. I've kept it about me ever since you sent it to me."

PAGE 827

\ TBB .6.DVBNTURBS OP .6. CREOLE, 259 The good feeling evinced in keeping this watch out of view until all the business was transacted, did not escape me; it brought fully to my mind, that when I was in distress in London he offered to supply me with money to a consider able amount, and sent me a fine set of surgical instruments. I now wished to pay for these, but he peremptorily refused to receive the money. As he was about to return to Europe imme diately, I offered to make him my London agent. This proposition he gladly acceded to. As my consignments from the West Indies were ex tensive, my agency was very profitable to Holly wel. On the other side, a more diligent, in telligent, and honourable than this worthy fellow, no one ever possest1ed. My fortune was now ample, beyond my wishes. I had two objects to accomplish, which completely occupied my mind. The first was the discovery of my dearest Maria Josefa. In this, I was doomed to continued disappointments. I, however, consoled myself with the reflection that, in one month more, my four years of banishment from the Main would expire, and that then I could, myself, go and seek her all over the world, until I found her, or knew what bad become of her. My second object was the discovery of the

PAGE 828

260 'W'.lBNBR .AR11NDBLL: rightful heir of Don Joan Baptista Ojeda, whoee treasure I had discovered in Trinidad. When I round it, I was poor; and although my act of concealing this fortune was 9C&l'Cely legal, it could hardly be said to be dishonourable; at all events, it was a venial oi'ence against the rigid laws of morality. From the hour I got possession of this treaIUJ'e, fortune aeemed to shower her fayoun on me ; and, whatever excuse I might have had for snatching her first gifts, I conceived it would be criminal to withhold thia treasure from ita rightful proprietor. I, who had sui'ered much by bad men, who defrauded my orphan minority of my rightful wealth, was shocked at the idea of being poueseed of gold, silver, and jewels, of another-perhaps of an orphan or widow, who might be struggling against indigence and its con comitant evils, scorn and contempt; for it bu been truly said, that the world ever says, "po verty is no 1in," yet ever acts as though it were the greatest of sins. I carefully examined some old papers found in the box of jewels. Tbeee were of no further consequence than to indicate that the treasure belonged to Don Juan Baptista Ojeda. I left the jewels in the poitsession of my worthy old friend, Doctor Manuel Lopez, and requested him

PAGE 829

TUB .ADVBMTURBS OP A. CREOLE. 261 to inqufre about the murdered man He in formed me be had found out that, at hia death, he had left a family of three sons and one daugh ter. All the eons had died childless, within a few years of their father, but the daughter had left the island twenty-roar years ago, for the Main, but had never been heard of since. By the advice of Dr. Lopez, I introduced an advertisement into the papers, to this effect: that if the next of kin to Don Juan Baptista Ojeda would apply to Dr. Lopez, of Trinidad, or Moses Fernandez, of St. Tbomas's, he or she would hear of something much to his or her advantage. The advertisement set forth that the don bad been murdered in Trinidad the day the British took that island. It also offered a reward to any one who would give satisfactory inform ation concerning the party. This advertisement I translated into Spanish and French, and caused it to be inserted in all the newspapers in the West Indies, and in the few published in Columbia. I even sent it to the gazette of Madrid ; .but, for some months, I heard of no results from my exertions to discover the heir of the murdered Spaniard. On my arrival at Grenada I wrote to Dr. Lopez, to inquire if he had heard any thing of the party we had been so long in quest of; and, four days after,

PAGE 830

262 W ARlfBR ABU1'DBLL : had the pleasure of receiving a reply, stating that all was satisfactorily discovered: the daughter, who had left Trinidad some years since, had seen my advertisement in the island of Cuba, and come to Trinidad, having taken Porto Rico in her way. He stated that the lady had been twice married, had a daughter by her first mar riage, that she now bore the title and name of Dofia Maria Doloricita de Ojeda y Azua. Lest any one should start at the length of these appellations, I must explain, that most Spanish ladies are called Maria, which seems a general name of a female amongst them ; Dolo1;cita is a diminutive of dolor (Anglice, pain)-this was her familiar and domestic name; Ojeda was her family name, which Spanish ladies always bear; and Azaza was the name of her last husband. So much for long Spanish names. As I knew the worthy doctor to be too much a man of business to admit the claim of the lady to the treasure without sufficient scrutiny, I hired a small vessel, sailed for Trinidad, and, in twenty-four hours after I left St. George's, landed in Port of Spain. This was my fifth time of landing on the shores of the island. My first voyage here, I came a poor, friendless, defrauded orphan. The second time I came, was after having witnessed that awful visitation, the earth-

PAGE 831

THB A.DVEMTUBBS 011 A. CREOLB. 263 quake at Caraccas in 1812. Some years after this I disembarked in the character of an ad venturer, going to seek his fortune in the wars of Columbia. Again, I came here to pass a year or two in the useful employment of a medical man. I now landed in the full possession of health, prosperity, and fortune, for the honourable pur pose of restoring, to its rightful owner, a treasure which I had rescued from the clutches of a pair of murderers.

PAGE 832

264 WAUU ABUNJ>SJ.L: CHAPTER XVI. h ia bappa17 ud kia41J proided, tlia& ia MST lile tliese are certain and intettuptiODI, wbicb force colllidsatiou UpGD the C'lre)e11, and eeriOUIDISI OD tbe Jigbt poiuta of time, wbeu ODii couree of actioD ends and another begi.nl, md, b7 'liciaitud of fl>rUUle, GI' elr.ention of 6r b1 eliMp of place, _.an farced to 111y or ia C.V """.. I LAii.DBi> ea.rly ia the moniiag, weat up &o .the houae ef my worthy friend, Dr. Lopes. and put on a West India moming dre1&. This .. sisted of a P1.ama stnnr hat, li wiih g:nea silk, a black cravat, tied IOOlel11 white jeab troueen, a. light bl11e jacket, frogged : and hl'alded, aad yellow boots, mlde1>fMadeira.Jeather. I W on no waistcoat, but wore ailk. bracee, faateaed with gold buckles. Dr. Lopez complimented me on my loaka, and on the appearance of my und1'eSS ; ohllerving that, he noticed, I, ia general, paid too little attention to toilet.

PAGE 833

TBK ADTBXTVBBI O A CBKOLB. 266 The fact is," laid he, "men of sense often obse"e, with contempt, that people of weak mind beetow too much attention on dresa ; hence they commit the fault of paying too little. Reversing lolly is not always wisdom. Nothing is unim portant that is apt to influence a person's fortune. That dress often doea this, we every day may see. The fact is, in the eyes of all who do not think profoundly,-that is, nineteen out of twenty,the dress is confounded with the wearer." Alter this brief lecture on habiliments, the doctor and myself set out to the residence of Doiia Maria Doloricita. A negro boy went with 01, to carry the case of je1{els. We stopped at one of thOl8 numerous ornamented cottages in Port of Spain, which are sweetly nestled amongst clusters of cocoa-nut and other palm trees. This 81Dall habitation consisted of a hall, a sittingroom, opening to a view of the gentle Gulf of Paria, and two side chambers. The doctor entered the ball, and uked a pretty half Indian, half Spanish girl, if her miatreu WU within f "Not my young mistreBB; she bu gone to maae.'' I wish to see your old mistreBB. Announce to her that Dr. Lopez, and the English gentleman I told her oflast night, wait on her." TOL. III.

PAGE 834

TM girl we.t, Uid Ntamed bl ._ teeOllds, Rater, gad.men ." We walked into.the back apmment. Rfft lhled, in a 1-otifal lwllmeek, Dola )(....._. 'Ail lilammoek: yu of Mt-work, atMie bf 1--. fl'OBl the nbres o( various trees. The small aolCll dri& Mt were et all the eotear. fllthe -...bow, ..i alt 1M b.ck!8 _. .lee wlaieh thele could combitae to twm. 'l'be whole wu frillfld wi1h the splendid plumage of a thouaantl Mia:. Seueet,. 1888 &bu this aumbar aid Me bwa 8'dcient to ornaaienl thil -* The Jldy wu repoeiaw, aecl w "" heltell' t.y playing wktt 'fabMeo perrot, ef. "FM& ... -1 phtmage. She pat i.,-Mr pn, b9 frem tilt aJNI eouteaiei graetMly. Sile .,.. peal'ed fwty-be ,.. .... of .-; IBCl boM marks of haing been. .. ., beaatiAd ill kw y-*. &be WOl'e 'the weeds of widOllfkeod. Dr. Lopell inVofteed me II hie Muds wile eaftle to TeBtwe her property. "Heitweleome, betuse he is dae bearer .t goecl MW& ; he is" more weleome for his ... ke; Ile is moat weleeme, be ia &ierad of' !>r. Lopez," said tlW 'ad' again courtesied.

PAGE 835

TBB ADYBJflll1._ Q .A. QJNIOLB. 167 lo. 'IBQQl4!t ,.., W'Jlft .u eeMed. ne Jady commenced the conversation, by saying When I asked the w-orY hOIW you became J>OIHB&e4 of the big-Iott trttasare. ti my tuber, Ile refqfeq &Go me, alway.1 nd'emng sne to bia frittd : will you aow pleaae &o expllht UU.t" I had 1-g .tory .t.Q tell:: thia l got $brougb Jll!dtJ weU, .aYe now and. 1'U iftternitt'8d 1'Wl 8-ta Maria, .,..._ ;..I '.Aaimal .berullta!' and pMlus M \he 1*tt Qf tM. led7, at. uty ...-.hlqg recitAL When I eame ,to the par. t ef Pl.J .ttory which .... lated to the conversation which I overheard *Me place &be and his 1111orthy ancl e&ated U..t Pedl'C>M.sajd be.aue pected hi 1Paeter bad an intenaen of murderlag wm, which 8Qlpioion iqdufe#).. pim to IUJ.tioipNe eW Doe J QP, .hia daag1't,er'a brake fort.h. She roee, exclaimiagw_ Oh, the oaomtar he lied most falsely. .f\l though, UJ)1-ppi1J, my .. 1>90r fat.her toQk alarm lest your countrymen. Bhoulcl plunder .hie ..,._,.., a11tl, ia wi&h. ifLy other iababiants of tlle illand, bulie4. a more Md noble .. af:.,,C,..t,il,i&A tm.n lliJl IJ&Jl AlflVer JV8'1 ..

PAGE 836

. wilittn 1.1fu11tiir:rit .: New WMid. ottered Y,y a !tJiy fattier; iftet 'lie .. hlld : 'been' nutsed''tt tMw!my mother'!" .. '.J '' : ,.... ; 1 .... I wl:ie111 totd het-tha'ft re Valga'tU&n J'fiii:1: r I "Had yon rio u. :.:: : :: i Noiie have tieVet been happens to be moonlight." -1 1: : :: .. When "t told 'hel'i'liOW the excfainied,-1 .. 1 ... .'. ;1_) r : .... _1 8'mta1i nd j'olt .. ._. person agaiasf ....... ,1 ,.:as Tkl IWfd 91..'- ne one 1 knew fo w .. eo-1'a;..na1q l#M' ..,_.. armed than the otherP'but.1thtijl 1bbk me:fM1:a supernatural being, and both ftew like demons from an exorcist." : J,m :. Doring the rest ofthe .n'-n:&ti".e cro....I herself, aad exclaimed. r Hshman !"" I .. .. 7 : :: .... Ai iength r to 'fft'e ortky M'Or,Y'? pve the jewe)R, m!JJiy The ooin. and .pneiou ._,. ,J. eo that I was in

PAGE 837

.. I. co,,.IJ. aeU tJ.'JwlP..tA.fJ .. : tj)e i)oeaeseed, in cash, about five hundred .J.ler. 1 .... .. latter information it .... .. ex th" .4'-rul, after a pause, said,-.. :. ..... ... been in the family of Ojeda from tilp,e ie period it bore the Aroage gems w01 "ill ,.rf I ., .. :.,d f ";.'";.J ;:r Wheo Columbua 6nt diKGYered J*l-4 it ii, i. !:., .?! a' d ( coneldering the immei11e Yariett; imd1plwaour of die It '"' held by tribe celled the Aroege1, or AntfltbfJll'Ai: !Ill rtMlh.,:'fl'l' .. 4""' ii, t11r. dy, e. the: A Ce!' pure de1Cendant1 oTt!M Aro.gee, end, r f fl1ll tlgbt1y lnfiSnlhHI, t latih"JY OrChtm-; ofatrt.18,,.._., .. all 4'Ml...met ...

PAGE 838

would n!;;ect tkt;bUtI dear daughter, wh<>m I would 'fri11tngly behbld as rielt u 1Je. eomes the last ecion of an exotic tree, which 'Wll trnspkB'ted tmm 6ld Spain mGPe than three eenturia since int&dris Mand, Yet._1DU9t w not be unjust. Y oa bravely recovered our treume, you gell't!l"OQSly ttnder it ; lli1et we mwt reward your bravery, 'and net impote too muell on yow generosity. Let us aeeept ofhalf tbe the money, and keep tile red M your awe in adequate reward. "Seiiora," replied I, "1 will not accept a real ot your tbrtune. Wheft I drc:m! the ruffian from the old TUins, I did' it lo banlk. them of their prey. I eeeured the treasure throagil feelings of 1el6shneae, &om which none are 8Sempt. A few days after I }IC'ase41 your riches, fbrame, which bad long persecuted me, began to lldlle. I used your money 1o bring to justice a set of bad men, who had long defrnded me of my patrimony. I am now richrich even beyond my wishes-and shall I take from the 'widow and orphan a pa1't of that treasure which Benen made me the humble means of diacoveriiag, aad which enabled me to reCoftr my own

PAGE 839

TBE .l.llVJIRTt1B&B .&. O&BOLB. not oae real of it will I In .finr days you s)Jall -be in po1M11ion of .all I. Qwe J{'J'/IJ.'' '' Brue, geaerona EnglithOlab Ah., poor C)}Uld, thy pro.peets brigh*811. God, I tbee She now became devout, witlz '8ar.i in her eya. Shie ejaculated blesaiuga and,. mbed "up. plicatit with interoeuioos, u11til her feelings too powtrfal f()I' bar to eopport. The irorthy old Dr. Lopez led her to an adjoiniag ehambe.r, and daan morned t.o me. I am 111re, Warner," aid the doctor, "you mut feel the trmh of the observation, that virtue ia its own z:ea.rd.' I do on this oceasion, eir. b"* seldom are .111e11 placed iA eircum1ta.ncea like me, to feel the i:eward of virtue." '' Oftener than the vicious and aelfiab imagine: .Or example, now eigb.teea yean aince, a humane sugeon brought to me a poor, friendl .. orpbaa bey : I likecl the child's appaarance, and took him into my JaooM: even. in yow boyhood I fol1Dc1 you 't'eraciou, brave, and geoerows: I tQ clll&ivate the lleeda of virtue which I peroeived. in yoa. You \Vere an apt schola,r : I aent you .0 *1ae lJniv.a&y Fortune,

PAGE 840

m after .ibie,.. 1IJ i k\ -JUA1 ....,.$ie ... 1'P'iid l .. at ...... po,!, tP.I LhfMld .. bowi.l a .-bJe.mindeli ... lf911 ... 014 ... h.t,vA'*1ifl ie f9f,N iA,lllJ,.AJ.i ye..W.,.Arundell ?" .11i'11<111 '!.: "'. r M1'WJ a sliglt$ ie .fo ttcaiiPll a. IQlf: ii&itls < Ii,... .. .l)q ...... JOQ: all .I -mOlle.J_. wblU .h.Nl tw-.,_ 4ve Jl"l" 1-Qted -..M the two men ._'QM! &agUab.,..., .. 1Pirit of JQM the Englishman '"'*oJeft..&o...:Qupr.r, .. o.a WI e ancl aoue of ,tJle .. shMu'owW, aftu. &his, the ..... Eapsh '""" JOQ1' 1110tiler a ,,hpbt

PAGE 841

'finlela Daobey .. would male a 'Yieeroyrich, and he -oft'ered the& all tt> yotir mother; and so 1he wanted lo ghe him but the itould not take t dOIJar, ht aid, it ie all fer iyou, 8e&oritfa i' and he u euch a tall, handtome -young man nat,: S&nta Maria, setioritta, what makes you weep t I never knew good fortune ladiee:cry unlestJ when. they were going to be married." The house, or rathet cottage, Wll& eo 1Hnall, ht wry little be spoken in it '#itbont being 1iea1d all oer it: hence, Dofla Maria, who had recovered her self-]'OfJ!le&Bioa, btard .a part of ihe l'lrinl>ling aiid marvellous tale of Anacletta. She came mto the reom in w1lieh 'W& were, abd, eaying, daughter has rettlrned from mase; excuse me, sei\01'8 !'! thebeeteood
PAGE 842

llaen, tlleN etoed ._.re ..., nYellled to lllJ 1"10Diet.d eyes, Maria JOIM6 Ximenes, the upl of mercy! Ammment 1mde me stagger...._.., and I exclaimed,- Oh, Ood what do I behold?" I could aay ao more : esoellliYe joy and IU prile made my ape clean to the roof ot my mouth. Her ey weN fiaed oa me; but ahe coakl DOC recognile, in the well-dre&lled lb ager, Ge ragged ud Jaaggud m.irg.t offioer, wt.om her bmnanity had snatched fn>aa death. Memory llt length came to her aid, aad she looked at me though her eoul wu concentnted in w .,.._ I, at length, esclabaed,-" Doee not Maria JOlefa bow Waroer Arandell!" She ahrieked, and faiatad : I caoght her in my arms, or she W'OGW have fallen. Her dark hm eecaped from m combe, and 1nmg on dua ftoor, as I supported her atifol Jam oo my shoulder, while Dr. Lopes and her mother guerl on 111 with astoniehmeot. Her awooa .lasted scarcely a minute; bot, in that ehort min1lta, I euftlnd an age of agony ., Why does she faiat? thought I ; "pedlapl the bu ginn 1-heart te UIOtMr;

PAGE 843

TBB .ADtB&i'OW 01' A GnOLB. I'll my 1Ddden appeuauce 1rill ., twer onttum btr J"eUm. li' tllat the due, my own iatellecta will never stand the shock. I I C1U'llell my ill 1tan, and want of p1'l88IUlie of mind. If her faintbag ftt had not been brief, I could not baTe 111ipponed my terrible etate of tlllp8Dl8. her pulaatioa returned, and her redden ing cheeks coofileeecl that her blood was seat into em from her heart. She openai her Jarg4t dark eyes, looked for a l800Dd or t.wo wildly aroud; until, perceiving her mother, who 1'81 chafing her hod, she exelaimed,-" Dearest mot.her, wu it all a dream?" Her glance now rested on me; and she \aid," Ab, DO l Banta Maria be 'Praiaed, it is he himself! it is my dearest Englishman l" She, sobbing, buried her face in aay bosom : I felt her heart beat ; ite motion thrilled tibrougb my frame like el9Ctric pleanre. All the misery I had ever BUft'ered was ol'erpm by that momeM of eeatuy. Again the raised her had, ancl miutely ezamjned nery feature of my aoe. "Speak, speak to me," 1he said, aa iiwiehlng to amme herself of my preseuoe by mote than OD8" ll8Dle i speak to me; ii ii taee, heart."

PAGE 844

178 .................. ;.. is, I '* -Jk 1-; 't8:h9iatNUI!' abe .mW, ..L. a ...i of man again Nlielrai 1-!0ftrJio.m.ed.lllm. She...-caught 911 nptUad a. tnPi-ita I ui.,tQad die a.. of .tWe., It is there, I ..W J !'l'ftOld hne parted with fa'/ life : l>lfo1t l uW.:Jllldf'er tile ring JOltplMed..tlMre:.tO ... ft$Gffd 6odl .., :'1 SM kileecl: 1lXf laand: I niletl w hn "hi h-1. .M!41. with mllci ?iol..-. ulutecl. lh lipe:tl die blushing .glr.l. So sweet a kiss the golden sun gives not To the &eaJi morning c1rop. upon the roiei. JUsa I She now drew h,m. boitGlll which it. ,,r hair wbieh shew .-av: !lead. SM aid.-.. : mi I bav y'fN. hair DAI' ni7 as it would .. Bleea J.Oll both 1" Her mother said,-" Amen I unen '' .. -. _. .. Mari& J.oaefa a&ared.J jlUmeDt, tlieknpw "* doctor. Her mother now led her

PAGE 845

TBB 4.lft&OUW fl &.GDOLB. 977 "Warner!" said Lopez, "J aid virtue wu i&a own reftrd. ; bot Haven hu been pleased to ft!lftlld ;.om: vilfte widl tome&hing more _. e1aDDal. :Yea came 1o.l"ellllre one t1'8Ullre that you found, and have-cHacovtNd aDCllChar, die nlut {1(. nidi is beyond e&tim&tioo ... : dOl't delay, Maria J-6 appeared, ad .l was oelldamaed. to Nrlate die twiee-told tale of the discovery of the buried moneI. She seemed to_..our eYery1'oJld I aaid,and, attianes, was so agitated, thatl.blctame alarmed. Attength, when l concluded, she said, with triumph,-" Mother! dearest mother! when you re provei me for giving my heart to a stranger, said I not that Heaven would never so far aftlict poor Maria Joeef'a, as to allo,, her to bestow her Jove on one unworthy of her affection?" Yott often did 10, deareat child ; and be win> posseues your lieart is worthy of the love of a queen. 'Kneel, dearest children, and receive my blessing; the blessings of an affectionate mother on her piom daughter-the benediction of the widow on him who is the friend ol the widow!" ''Let me add my ac!aimecl Dr. Lopet ; the benediction of an old man nevet harmed mortal."

PAGE 846

The daJ palaed. I now not -hw. I ate -mod; ,at Jmew aoi, aor urm what tt wu. We thought not of time, for tire world ,,.. augilt to m ; we weN all to .eh other. With my dearea Kma .J08l6 I aonltl haft 1'eel9 happy in an ajupa, amid the tneld-. and 1111-JloaHed woods, or en the Mnnna elSoath Ameriaa. I now poaaacl her, teg'ttht!r With ample beyMd my dsire. Her hi.ry was soon told. After I let\ Altii Gracia, a 4itgtaceful inaolt, whicl 'Motalet o.._ ed. to la a.la k ad Iler cowiln. aromad the indignation of all the Royalilt creoles in the camp. This WU the aplll'k that fgn.iiecl a a.in lrieh heAl long been laid : it& espbioa was fatal to the Spaniards. Three thouand creoles, who had long been dilgmb!d with the ctUelties of the Spanish oftieen, and indignant at the continual tlueata of MOrillo, of not leaYihg a JD&ll, woman, nor child, nor a domestic animal, io Colambia, broke into open reTolt. This inMllT8Ction wu headed by Oolonel Ximenea, ud Spana waa ohUlsd Ji-om the t'onsta, Diowltlinl; plains, and cities of the New World. Ximenes having been dangerously wounded, be 'W8I attended fbr nearly ;ear by bia oouain. He di6d ; but, before his deadi, he

PAGE 847

TBB -.&.oaBOLB. :eated Maria to give laer luaod to the E91lishmu to whom she had given her hart at Alta Gracia. After tbia, the contelt for South American UMmad a less f'erQcioua cb*1aoter. During the plaoi&ude 4>i hie power, Merillo openly 1188J1ed he would merminue tW'O thirds or the people of the .New World : when the fbrluae of war rendered it G<>ubt.ful. if 8e ooald be able tie save t.he remMOt ot bia umy, he .Wmted that Uie war might be carried on in aieoordance with the manner of ciTilieell natiODS. Thia proposal the patriota humanely acoeded t.o ; although, a few years previously, Morillo bad refQffd to receift a ftag of truce fro.m thOle whom he deeorninated rebeJa. The result of thia was, that .Maria .Josefa no lc:mger foud it neceaeary to nee her enrtioas and ioftuence in rescuing the unfortunate pritonen from cold-bloodecl slaughter. Conceiving eht had fulfilled her d11ty, alle and. 1'er mother went to the island of Curasoa, where, after diapoting of her jewel1, lhe took her puaap on board of an American vessel bound for the Hav.anaa. u.ie she remained until her Dative land was in a 1tate of tranquillity. She was about going to J&111aica, to return, by way of St. Thomua, to

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to her name; but the appellation I ever delighted to give her was, la aag.Ja de la The ditfereace of our .religioua .emeda bu (thank Bea.en!} never giYen each other pain. Since that day, the CWTeDt of m' life baa been too 11DOOth, and my bappineu has been too uni form, for a deaerip&ion of it to be interesting. Hence the cnole, W aruer AnmdeU. 8at ao QlOn adventme1 to recount. THE END. t.OJlllOJI: PalllftD .,. IAllU OTW, cun.a naur, L-ftaHVA&L -

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