British Honduras monthly bulletin


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British Honduras monthly bulletin
Cover title:
Monthly bulletin
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 33 cm.
British Honduras -- Public Relations Office
Publication Date:


Subjects / Keywords:
Belize   ( lcsh )
serial   ( sobekcm )
federal government publication   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )


General Note:
"Issued by the Public Relations Office."

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Source Institution:
Belize National Library Service and Information System
Holding Location:
Belize National Library Service and Information System
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All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
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oclc - 06799341
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Full Text

Bl.ITIJH NDUR-J .'L. Y 'U, TII J.IlUn 1_Y J .

i-s _xc Ell__en_ ____ __Se v'uvernor.

Ln tnri 4u-cn 1113 jljiency addressed a meeting of the
rlitisi r.-orillura; F....GLunl i 0I'achdrs at Harvey hall, thy
occasuii uvin. ,nj, 1tLij -I]nnua.l uonfierence of the eddration.
bLu to i.', s.;sur cir work ni3 ,-/:j_ LeLncy was Wuiaol- to bj, present
at t i-L op.-i--nI u t iL nii. J OLiuain ; ; at VieslUy Collegu on theu
14+ti Ju- .--.. pr-ln u, t-ii. Private_ 6ucr ta,,ry I.i.jor C.V.C. .
,n-'..'-.rt. tu nn oi0. tho'v~vz r Li. Governor was aol to visit
tja. S-.ita- ai-il oc .CjIlol. 'u-id 'wi.jas for the c1Lorat;10ion of .

..v- l 0 1t

.'r mL.tin g oi tna V.lvliopc.hin 3oard ;.'-,s hld on 16th
J IIu Li -11''. J

i'.._riJ r' -. inforiii tn_-it thie schema for~ thi: appointm.nnt
oi ri L1Y.-.tock c'fi l:-,r r r Li- t tiry Project h.xi oDn app,'ova,;
Ln-t. t .i-- .cret .r. u )L~L t iu a approved an grant oi
5,iJe' ior LthI- inL n '- ~ J. ij Road, tna _n applic.-ionr
for _; .nrL ui ic,vL'oj n_.a o~.jfl mau for _tn approach ro.,u from
Ln. ctOr- Gr ,K ,u .a, uj .y of froorough, and tnat.tfl *
.s.:'.L...y o C u h a -,ppruov-;i .i great of li,25u for Ln .I
Moant. n Pin- t.a iio-.a ii- tL,. Cayo District.

M'r. ',oolk i.o ..ttL.ll tIne mniting mUct1 it known th,-t
tnf Coluin .1 i,. lop.jnt lCl.opr'.,ioLion xppcted to st.-rt operations
snortl n th; j t-zli. Cr lk ulstrict, whdru they woula und;rt.::K
Lnll pr'oiaucL1on of oCu.a Lna Ailn dlnas ovJr n arua of .Dof out
2,'u IrtLi- 6oilh i h ,ia iruady o.n ,approved by thiir
/ princp.,lj 3.LIoj ct L o to.l.lmcnt of final details as to siting
.n ici OnuILLL.iWC. i on-l. Tn~I Corpor .Lion :1iso int,.nd.d to undirt.ake
Il.1.-aG i ..f;Lifi. ui nL j leV.r .u^l..J arF ..

S,'LMr. j.D. S.w. .nuy 01 tnit ;oloni.,ll offic.:'arrivud in th. ,
,i Ciol.j, ri F.ridy 2u' J aLu ir Lo assist in the pr..p .r!Ation of
n Coiun,"y's Long T ;vm j-vioprnjrnt Pl<,ns.

njw i-,dic.l ufZ'.ir, Jr.. A. Gocinski, arrived in the
Colony, on Lni- 2utii J.rin..rJ' na ttartod wor-k on thu s-imi day.

S. rSallt1 ui iLculjSiuns outwcj.n reprsant..tives of
t, i Unit-d I! .ui uni..iiar-i "rr-irgguncy "',un atnq th Pan American
SS.iniL .i y our .A u ni ti unI- n ,nu the bunior 1.ljii l uffi'icr
un on. ui tn..I' UL.lC t- h .. kinaly -: ;,d to civu to the
Culonh ._"a-_,o1 to un .tiLi-L ui U.S.' 20,~00U to assist in
i; cntroilins d ,j..3 c...r La ,y insects particularly :.,mongst
SClh. f non eluvy-.,iau u a;o 1 or a period of t yj .rs. at
L -' I .' L ,I.niir ,.nic.l OI''ic ra it is iJaicly that i
technic i p1 r iLnl Ji wlll .1u A ud av ai iaol to assist in th; i
C ,rp i1. Tn. Ci un -I v-.r "r-t, 'fui for such g8nr;rouB '.
.,si. t.ijcC r u'.li L "I-"'- U .\I *F

in bani-L.r L..: ic :1 i ,' i c2 h&ad discussions with
or. arayrurni-r ,e-issiL .nt o crj-ry of xr cirit ic Latical
Loci .L.iIn Ck-nIcrninig tii- rj'vrm .tion iA' a Branch uf th, jritish
kbL'l-;l. ,a.uc Li_. l l 11 t .S CA AlI; ny, or f ,ili g this L.~,ical -

Ss:3ict, oLIu-CknkmuiitL,,; u'f thIe antibiotics Cluntr, l
Co'mirtLL;t in.nopcLa dru.. *.rs .nd importing firm, in 'klizu
in connJuti,- n w.tLn Ln.t ciitrui 1f tht importtion, stor .5u .::ni
S 1 ,f sinLitlclibl.S.


Ur.aiUndi4l. .iii.. t *L. U t.n i t. nu .;i.i7 D ,1 .I c-J .i f
Un :ulmpl.yq'e ;.. -rl : :ppi--.''li's-- in th r 2i.. tt- rs n.j ".;

T i1. z l 1r;
Ur n .. 1K .uu

2 '- 7 l1
., r t -i.1 -ri 2)o 5 i'. 1r tl'i i- ur iazLr cLC S.

Jl I1' 'v.-rk w .s r-umui *J1 n ti- 9Lth. Jna rUy .-nu
lnAtinu.d thVlru. Ln-atL thu ,i.nth, iU l i,.n f .vin, U.-n .'ivcan wurk in i.,l,,' JniIts in u-.cnh uLisLict.

S By l.:ns ,i priv .Lj b uoscripLi-.ns ra"i.Li s;rvic,
pr.;tid by thn. S-,v -t.lin ria; ,s it.. rL.-Ad ;.L thu itwL.twr oD .rracks
1 i tii- 23rd. J .nu r .nC h-i t a.i .1 I.Da V i'P r, i for
.pcri. .i' n- ,." G,- uin imp1al .'.a.n ,.,n_ hii vV u--n or f r.iiaf

^^^pcrk if. fr _r i Ui14 31 Lila
oTrvic. iwrij.ia Lur iiinL h Ci-.j.

: jUin'16" LfL 111l-1LI, i- FP.11c--. w .. viSiL3.u o 1'. I' t .
0hnsn Lii. 13 uT "aViV L. .ri '-..1. i'tl Uit lc1 ,il p..ii0
tt .r Hn ,..v Li F Ci'cu Vi 1' uti ',A Lot v-.',' lc r uir.. chJck,
ditl. t.. C.Linf iu ui LtlW *.I Li. &f..L xO it..PCj6 Il Li'i L.ia -t

2. Tin ,i11iC F.,to..ii -il.m is ji i .ii t,.p '. f tli- l- .g. u alnd
a ..ndas v -..o c.. n c.-- c.. winning LII: cup thin s yC,,a.r.

S3. Tvw Trw 'Trrilph hiut r-cycia IV.. LJJln pii'ch iS.. wntich
11 repl..c. .l.i : .cnflS 3tr t-raci. 41 la.t ya-..'. Thn in.w Pilice

iv'r .xa H r..ui L 0UnP c 13 3 ..hh 1 .f lcn6LPuctlw .. lid. aL:cK;y

.i Tr ans- actions in B.-iizu au'ri -6 J aju try *Ju:;-
DpL sits 47'7,l1y..-o (u.c.aiio-r .pji,)cu)
it r. nala $1oi,)'d9'.17 (u.i-c.,470 7oot)

'r^bok o : Ban-i k wtrd 4-ul-Ji --. .n tn Ij JLry, 658f
&Bpr in.t-u-t h.,dj De.n w.'Kjd .uL i' r 1947 un 5'72$ -,cc.unts.

e Esti&i.Lt.u f'r 19;ru wv1 nppw-v.a uj i- c*turir'y -} 4 t .to
icy in J-A npuaruy ),t tnas l' JillinaS iLurus.

'. -AVrlri (linciu inJ p-y rants ..n .c.m. nt U
L.f JJ. a. rl..,rnts) 42S oju,bi7
T5.pnaltuiru (inci3dinz: C. D. J r.
ScnV2Yi. s i) 2, uVl, 475

,Grj Wt-in--id 2'7u, u-8

ovisi-n.. fi'uLj v rvnu .no xpe)jriituL^ ir 1Y49 ojabuw a
icit uTi .$-,r1,u ,u -.5_.~in t nJlichi m_.y ou set .: surpluSj .f
S,04) r'v, ',4o a-i : ,r :7r-t-in--i- c pt, i.'i 1-. ,": u %jjo, ouo.
Bso tI.hiirds sh-w .pruvisi.n.i surpluis .i' ,-r.undi .$j),uuu .-nd
n tEU lin.'l -...ciLts i'.r th yt.. :.-r cupi .tud IL 1 nit
cted tiht. u t(,r r will oj r.-cl ch1i). .

Jor U I ".

Ti- rinfllil ftr Bliiz auxinig mt 1 rutii *.f JLAiu..ry


1950, .w .s 7.j4 lncn.o- c,~ipared tu 3.1U inches in January, 194 .
in :.'. .- ,!-.-:.L.ArUu tmpii ratur.u -was 81.6 djgrues and
*tna ..v-r e.i'.i. L..i .-ratura 66.3 d&,gr, s.


J11rin_ J nI. .r u.; Surveyors wore preparing t-o leav
ifr iUSLL--i -.nj i Jths in thn field, and two Surveyors
ov. -lrj u -0 1it.

: LJL,- r i'. ht .3 continued thn reconnaissance survey uf
th .h R ..'n. Cr 2,:i.; i.01iu..I1 s ix iRc G and has lZcat~d 18n rils
:f ci- i-L- --'.. C-.av s Branch of thj Sioun River. Thj
Itri' in i Zj' .L filcuilt soma e2 rilos uf rucunnaissance
tr-,jrs- w.., nr,, V ry. a oridge site has also boojn surveyud
Ohuv'; Lit .,.:i .;ill c0 C IV s Branch.

u- .jur/l-l,,'-r .j djpart a t- thi Stann Crak Valley,
hjre ij ,i\ ;-f-l L. c..uastr.-Al surveys 5and s6tt-ing minur
disput ..... i- u. u iriu.,; wtc.

..n.. 7L.u-; :- n- survey pupil havw lid but iifty lots
bf ln. rit -. Ltw.C.ll-t C anal fur ,x-nSrvicumon nd they -.rj
at .or-l .rI. _,W ii. .ut the Hotusing site in BJlize
f .Zr ti .L~'. 1 -u.Li .i- iLy.

S un. ,iryV,,', ijs ,t TurUnto University taking an iuavanc.a
LirS- li .3I1- lil,.. ui. -r a grAnt from the Colunial JDvlupmnt

A ,--i. r..ul -.ount of information was provided fur
hda C. D. C. o-. ~ in Ifli'ce huurs and urgent, wrk dune aftur
eQff'icu. '. 1 s.

S '. pi-ti.-: A-f theL sLouthern coastal plain is prucueing
Sa .j.i .. 1. LI -... 'L-s "'Sthe tnuan thlait ubtjin-la frum th.
IChL-Ur .I iJ ., J- L'._. L .ced a3na compile. fL-Com survey plans nud
'r.; t .-Li.;13.. ,c:... .s ti .vi" V rS S.

.-; I h.:.3j -n difficultt tu. cullecc rents an-a taxes
.i l li.-a-Srs ,. vJ un 'repared ,nal sent tu all tax-payers
in '9; i,.r t 1..r,- sijumis of r.iony ana also to all Crown
1n1ints. i' L-3. ij' ir avd hulp i considerably ana there h-.s
sr.n -.. i rr..lj 1-.s{.,.r:.s. ..s a cunsiderable number of thn recipients
L th.:- iLttL.' : a:.. C :a furward .and paid their auOs.

lunli1 Au 'it Ju -t..L;._jl nt.

T iL'. -Ii C:"ai'' '9rantham, f.' ., Auditor, .Kanya, has be3n
l.ct: I-r -.:.ppii-L.c-,-r,' as- Principal ibuditor, British Hiunl ur s,
Ssuccssi. L. t .,.-. Carey Junos, B.e. who ..,3 s-jli cto
Sill tL ..i'. t -f Senir &uditor, Konya.

';l. .r .1tni :-. 'ii. was oorn on 18th Octub ;r, 1915, juine~
SC ne..l e'rtica o-' l March, 1946, ana was appointed
sist:nt halit.-r, ..ny..,- 21st May, 1946.

Th.jro 4. s -. r .pi- reaction to tho revaluatiun ;o tha
H. Dll-r in th^ pinr l..ur market. ThO inquiries fur
ber n.w _r,:,tly c:..;, tsh output ana theru should, be
lsi,-r..ol. 1 1,,lJi7. in thn pin, sawmilling industry in 1950.
O. r _.r LI i.. haxve raduc.a output in January.

4 -

The moderate floods on the Belize River have permitted
the e;tra-tion of mahogany logs stranded along the upper
riecnes since May, 1949.

Ti-e Conservator and Assistant Conservator, Cayo District,
UMajcir D. J. D'Silva, inspected plantations, sawmills and fire
protection Jork in Toledo and Stann Creek districts on a
harldin over tour. An accident in Stann Creek in which Doth
Mr. Ar.l ihajor D'Silva were injured cut short this tour.


Tot, l Imports for the month of January, 1950 amounted
to 40ol.,15r itching a total import duty of $93,204.19
plus -n iLi'rJ Tax of $5,962.79.

ToT i Exports reached $461,707 including Re-Exports
amounting to $43,480. The total Domestic Exports were 4418,227;
and tl, xpur t Duty derived therefrom was $8,206.72. The
SPrincip..i Dici!stic Exports ware:-
u n .ns 3,609 bchs. Valued $ 2,451.
JIicIl 69,857 lbs. 59,740
u60,000 no. 2,37
Q' pifruit 1,362,150 -Ibs. 56,124
i.ALU :- .ny
LL,. oEIr 37,366 cu,ft. 132,411
Lan ,r 46,489 cu.ft. 59,416

Lwu.ibor 7,209 cu.ft. 17, 505

L~ s -62,079 cu.ft. 84,1i1
Re.wouod 104 tons 2,566

Tin. Cullector of Customs attended the final meeting of the
Britisa C:.ioiean Customs Union Comai'sion which was held in
B.;ro.os rr, r 9th to 19th January, 1950.

STni 'Jrnmmission was appointed in 1948 by the Secretary
f S t.t, fue Lhe Colonijs in order that all the Governrmints of
tnc C..riooa..i area would be able to examine together the
quustiun .i Ln esty blizi,....nt of a Customs Union in the British
'" CrioLjn ir-.., for the purpose of.-

(a) ensuringg uniformity in administration and customs

(io the selection and training of the necessary staff
(including thn stuff for an aduquato statistical

S(c) the preparation of a suitable tariff having regard
to the problems of the Governments whose revenue
Should be affected by the introduction of a Customs
Union, and;

h (d) the special needs of the British Virgin Islands.
Th; Cu mmission has now reached a complete agreement
and recuirn nd ..tions have been made to the Secretary of State
for acceptaice. The Commission was faced with very grave and
difficult tA;Ls and hopes its efforts will lead to the
u staolistua.iint of a Custcms Union in the Kst Indies and
Sring tL tmhe .,ra a much needed measure of reform.


,i1d c 0, ti- ,n.

in the first fortnight of the month thu Dep-rtment
hii -. .c _tion course, primarily f~r the benefit of out-
li-,Lr it t -achors. 64 toachars in all ttunded lectures in
-.,11,o. Luic, the te aching of arithmetic, and Lutrition and
FiI.. .i.L The staff was assisted by Mr. S. Sharp, i3..
tiwi.: T'utor of thU University CollEgo of the West Indios,
i.i -Ii jCttouss, Dr. L.P. Younglao, Sonior :Ii; .1i Officor,
;i. I.. uiin~, Matron of the Balizo Hospital, and memnubrs of the
H-oi. 1 staff. High lights of the course ware a visit to Salt
iJ' -. L tA t o seO thes aav~elpe..nL .jrk being duon thero, and
pi-.L'_l_.t concept an tne list dcay which includaa sketches in
S.. 1- "C~'oo.ij ", an sjngs in Carib xanra Spanish .an in the
iJ.Ari1 ii--.iurus, J.....ica, Glasgow, and Yorkshire varieties
.1 Jj'i_ .liji.

o.i the jlst th, Dupartmont co-operated in a Cariboean-
wul :s..Qlii;'ant in aducationai testing Lrganiso~ oy the
j-;uoi.L .i Research Unit stationes in Jamaica. Over 1000
py.i!. .. f tio agoes of 11 and 12 in Belize, Cor.ozal, Banquo Vijjo
Joi ij. 'reak worO given a series of tests in general
iaLAiiin and progress in English anra rithm.atic.

During the month, Mr. Gorall Barnes, assistant
LiluIr-. r;tary of State for theaColonies, accompanied by the
H..~. t. 'Jlnial secretary visitua the District. They tourld
tii. C n Hill Factory,. the agricultural Station, tho opor,"tions
*.- LA,. 3ri .sh Honduras Company'at both Pomona and I:ililosex
!i a a, portion of the operations -of the British Honauras
iLil ri:'lj Company near the 3tann Creuk Valley Road. the British Honauras Citrus Company ana
Briti~n l:is_-uras Enterprises Limitej have incruasej their
.*F.-r..ti. u with the result that more employment has ojen offered
t ,- .ul stion. cutting an' stumping in the Collet Canal irea
WviS c;.~_lotw oun the 28th January and it is now possible to
S1,. fr-,., i uf- Yaroorough Briage tu the Comotery Roan.

.t the Gracie Rock Prison Farm bush cutting ana clearing
is still ti main work but the heavy rains during the ....nth
Sh:.; r:,it.,..^ work at this establishment.

=t Hone Park, a small gan uf prisoners are clearing
thi c.fL;or of the Race Course in an anadavour to overcome the
Ssuo -r :.a preparatory to making a Sports Field.
P: ollic ..rka.

On the August Pine Ridge to Yo Creek road all work
is .,l..; _t except for half a iile requiring surfacing with
m:rl ... final grading and making up over various sections of
th.; ru-_. Good progress was maintcined on the Yo Crook San
L' ,:i.. r-. alna the bush cleaning was c._m .l.-ted by 25th January.
Thl 4 rTi, .,rks have been complaeta for the first two ana a half
nmiis (mcivving the moving uf 23,000 cubic yaras of earth) anl
Stnr' 1-i_ culverts-have Doon constructu. The Yo Creek system
-f ij-' r.-ais j inspectiu at the an. of the month by the
C-,l..n. ,i .eretrry, accompanica by Mr. W.D. Sweanny of the,l .flice.


un tiie Hoctor Creek Road the Colas surface was complctei
dx::. t I -r Lli. Burun Canal )ppruaches. The Bridge
i''Lti.s I~re almost compljtoa ana only one pier ana two slabs
rc'J.,-li tu. ou olone.

On tu- Yarborou h Bypass the first raising of the low
rLi.n A Lt~- south ena is nearly complete.
:a ii .,al was given by thh Secretary of St -te fur a
sL.rt t.- 6L fn the construction uf the ne'w nain road
t.r.. t.;- -,Jroek t- i;.-l -1-isex to cnnoect with the existing~
:1n r. -. tann CrGk, w-tork un camps for thj laooururs
n;*r .111' .s well as store-ruoous ans ufficus was
.i... L-i. at in hanu an- e'riy in February at least 100
in ftr!., t.j uinemplluy in Belize .,ill be takun up to work
n Lu. ~i-... It is hSope tu cxnsi4.raoly increase this numobr
;. ti..i Ji'k ru ussos.

.Uni.,_-iyment taliuf work was rustartu, after the Christmas
rc.; S in t L Belize, Cayu, Oran ~ walk ani Corozl Districts
on ILi.. tn January.

.tL t;, Contr.a Farmi, B .in Pot, work continued on the
qut-r. ri fir The Diroctor uf ngriculture the roof is now on,
tL nus- almost .,lta.

Tur r-,f nas now oW en complete on the new ti~riinistration
Buii-i,_ .t -1 Cay, ana work continues satisfacturily.

C-i.nial Deueloprment an-Jd welfare Scheme tu proviaw
> ...j'-.c..- nation at the Belize i-iuspital was approvu'a Dy the
Sl'.t.l.rj -f p tate anz a start was ; towards th3e na uf the

.!t 1..jt it has baon possible to make a start on the .ca i.- in tho F:-otown ar. in Belize. Thu lots have
11l ci i -l.i- out an. mark. by thn Survey Department ana both
r... i ouiliin, construction have Oben jut in han-.

n -.r. /.-,l f tht annual 1sti.i tes having oein uotainea
If.: t ... :.'try of Statu, all rAaintenance workson roa.s an,
ibuli ; a ar. n;.iw in -xn_-.

5,-.1-]- -,r

Si.i',_ the month the Handicraft Instructur visited the
Or.i a ..i_- Jstrict where he maae arro.:;:u-. i.i ts for the supply
i. rt..' ,., .i.'- I -.Is for tn Hannicraft Contre. Visits were maae
|. tLi, 'i:l .s of Yo Creak, San Lazaro anz-& uustt Pine RiJge.
(OnM; i,1u .L3tt t ws employee at the Centre during January, 1950.

I' I.lica Buys Cluo hel-i their New Years Party on
:Tu3-.O.j, i'Tin January at their Club premises at iT town Barracks.
LSL~;.-.; .j; ..amibers of the Club attbenea. The boys are now
[r :.n_ r their entertainment to oQ hela at Militia Hall on
in- ,.Li 'bruary, 19-C0, thn aistinuisane patronage of
His L....l~nji the Governor.

'TL.-i'u was an abnorumal- 1 n..btr of applications for Outdaonr
.Rll.-i' i- ii_ the munth of January. ;I!j u irSi.ons of the Salvation
Ar;l, :.-, r ll, -ion. E.G.N. Ggg were- appointed- Members of the
O ut,-..-r l..i,:Lf ConuiTt- for the year 1950.


- 7 -

January has been a good month for rainfall
ir.,t..':.t ,-he Colony, and though in some cases operations
h'v. t'.e ri-tarded as a result of wet and muddy conditions
th-. r.-irn' i ve been generally beneficial. With the
:-:ci.'.:i c of the Toledo District and one recording station
in t-e ::orrhern district the rainfall for this year has
beer, -.n;:i_.irably higher than for January of last year;
we :.11 iope that this happy state of affairs will continue
:rIdI ti-. t: can look forward to a 'bumper' year.

bEefore these notes appo-r in print or more important,
S are 'ed c---r the ii r, we s-a'.1i know the policy of the
I ]i 1 rklti 'll EL .sard re;. .rding the granting of loans; applications
for i:.- ht ve alr]."ly been; in and .inicate a desire
oli t I r-t of fi.rfmnirs to get do,':n to that most vital job -

The staff of the Depertment of Agriculture will be
assi3-tinri t1he i- -rketing Board A-nd will inspect all
S apfliic:,tion. for loans; these personal inspections are
nec_,- r', if the Brrd is to serve farmers to best effect;
I; farmers ::uld also take advantage of the inspection visits
to ', i'.i..: heir problems with the Agricultural staff;
cc, i'i-r ri, general expectations we CAN'T work miracles -
ibut CAi- t.e of considerable assistance in many ways if only
v.,'e : L-.p i-r ached!

And now for a word on our own activities.

A t the Central Farm gaod crops of wanglar (sesame)
.ij] :r.ilni nruts are being reaped; we ..-. 11 tell you about
the .'ctiu: -ields when reaping and drying have been completed;
l.-': iI .1 o -lave started to come in; we have made a start
,ith _-li--i:. ing the stumps from our arable area along the road-
sg:l-e ..ii t.. have been cle-.nii,_ up our fodder grass area1.

iL.ntion of fodder grass reminds us th-t/the dry
se i:01 : :- 'proaching and nearly if not all f', the serious
nr,!ierc. ini the Colony will suffer from the depredations of
str: .ir:. livestock; farmers should seek advice on the law
de li,- viiith livestock trespass and take whatever action
t.-/V -l tic help reduce this menace to their crops. There
is -.n in ii'orant place in the Colony for a properly organized
iivtes-to industry; but there is no place for the haphazard
system r.f c.,ttle-owning that is found et present, where
anim-. p permit tted 2o roam at will wi.h no pro vision
for t'.i tr-:Viing of fodder grasses or the development and
mwinte~iL:. of pastures. Pigs also have been observed
Doing considerable damage to farmers' crops.




Printed by the Government Printer.

An important feature of the Education Week organised by the British
Honduras Federation of Teachers in October 1949 was a series of talks
over ZIK 2. Four of these talks, on subjects of particular interest to the
people of the colony, are reproduced here in a more permanent form.

His Excellency's talk:

Good morning. I am very pleased to come to the microphone to-day to open the
1949 Education Week.
For three years row the Federation of Teachers of British Hondumas has arranged
an Education Week, with a programme of talks, displays, meetings, and open dais. in
order to interest the parents of the Colony inrwhat the schools are doing, nndl planning; to
do, for their children, and my remarks this morning are addressed to th parents rather
than to the teachers or the pupils.
The Federation in pursuing this policy is recognizing one of the fundamental truths
about education. Although we usually think of education as an of school,
books and lessons, it is important to realise that schooling is only one part of it. The
schools can teach Geography and History and Arithmetic, but there are more important
things that have to be learned; the qualities like initiative, hard work, kindness, honesty
and loyalty which go to make a good and happy citizen, and the correct attitudes of m ind
in matters moral and spiritual, must be taught jointly by parent and teacher. They can
be taught effectively only if parent and teacher have strong ties of sympathy and ft iend-
ship and if they understand each other's difficulties and opportunities, and agree about
Even in connection with the ordinary school subjects your interest and sympathy)
will be invaluable. It is important to show that you value highly the learning that your
child is getting in school. Take an interest in his progress; if he is just leraan to read
let him show his skill at home, and give him credit and encouragement for the few falter-
ing words and sentences he can read. If he is older, ask him regularly how he is getting
on. Encourage him to talk about his school work. Remember that it is a hig part or
his life; it is as important in his eyes as your job is to you. And please do what you can
to encourage an attitude of respect for his school and his teacher. It is a good idea to
make friends with his teacher. You know much about the child that the teacher would
be glad to know; she will understand him better and will be able to teach him better if
you discuss things with her. And it isjustpossible that she knows some things about the
boy that you do not. You too may understand him better if you keep in rouch w'irh her.
This Education Week gives you an opportunity of getting familiar with the inside olr
the school your child goes to. There will probably be an open day. Please make full use
of it. Go to school, and watch it at work You may see certain thing, being done that
you did not do when you were at school. Do not condemn them just because the'. ale
unfamiliar; ask the teacher about them; there are good reasons for them, and' you A.ill
probably see the use of them when the teacher has explained about them. I'you see them
acting or playing when you think they should be working at a book, it mri be that the
teacher has found that they learn better that way. For example, many children learn
some of the essentials of Arithmetic better by playing at shops, with imitation mone,
and imitation goods, than by doing sums in an exercise book.

And try to get a picture of the amount of work that the teacher puts in on the class.
As you watch a lesson being taught, think of the work that has gone into it beforehand.
There are pictures to be looked out, charts to be drawn, facts to be looked up, and then
the whole has to be put in a way suitable for the age and knowledge of the
particular class. After it there may be a written test, and the teacher will have to read
through all the answers and mark them, and then decide how to tackle again those who
have not grasped the lesson, and how to follow up the lesson with those who have. And
this goes for every lesson, every day.
And while watching lesson or wandering round the different classrooms on the
open day, try to get a-picture of the teacher's difficulties. See the class as the teacher sees
it. The children in it are of varying ages, particularly in the small country schools; some
are clever, some are dull; they have all kinds of different interests; some like one subject,
some like another, some like none at all and are just looking forward to the bell at 3.30;
some pay attention all the time, some for part of the time, and some not at all. All are
young and active and would much rather play than sit still at a desk.
If you can picture this side of the teacher's work you will probably feel more sym -
pathy with her and have a greater concern in her problems.
But it is not sympathy that the teachers want; they ate coming to you this w.:e: and
saying "Come and see what we are trying to do for your children." And they are ask-
ing for your cooperation; the more you can work with them, both this week and at all
times, the better it will be for your children.
And a short word to the teachers. You have drawn up a full programme for the
week. It has meant a great deal of extra work, but I am sure that you will feel at the
end that it has been worthwhile. I wish Education Week every success, and I have much
pleasure in declaring it open.

-2 -

The Senior Medical Officer's talk:
27th October, 1949.

I have chosen as the subject of my talk this afternoon "Hygiene and Health", and
it will necessarily be on general lines.

What is Hygiene? Throughout the animal world, except for man, early death is
the rule and adult life the exception. Many lower animals produce hundreds or even
thousands of young, but onlh a very small number of these survive and reach maturity,
and, in turn, produce offspring. In general, the higher the animal in the scale of evolu-
tion, the fewer are the offspring, the better is the care given to the young, and the lower
the death rate.

2. Man has apparently inhabited this earth for about a million years. During most
of his experience early death has been the rule. Amongst some of the most primitive
tribes it is still time that the majority of the offspring die in infancy or childhood; but as
man has come to dominate his environment, he has gradually reduced the death rate.
About a century ago, the annual death rate in large cities was in the region of 30 deaths
per 1000 of population. Today this has been reduced to between 10 and 13 per 1000
people. In this Colony it was 13.63 per 1000 in 1948. The probable length of life of a
baby born today is well over sixty years, which is more than twice the life expectancy of
one born about a hundred years ago. In many cities only a quarter as many babies die
in the first year of life as compared with fifty yeats ago..

3. Man has learnt bow to conquer famine by the skilful production and storage
of food; he has devised ways and means of protecting himself from the inclemencies of
the weather; he has subdued or exterminated animals which were once his mortal ene-
mies. He is continuously engaged in the struggle to avoid and treat disease so as to im-
prove the security and quality of his existence. In short, man has learnt and is still learn-
ing how to modify his environment and adapt himself to it so that he may maintain a
decent standard of health. It is this sum total of the knowledge that he has acquired con.
cerning healthful living that we describe as HYGIENE. It is generally divided into two
rhases: PERSONAL HYGIENE, which deals with the behaviour of the individual;
and COMMUNITY HYGIENE or PUBLIC HT-ALTH. which deals with the control
of the environment and with governmental and group activities designed to avoid disease
and promote health in the public as a wnole.
4. What is Health? Health is much more than merely not being "sick in bed",
Normal functioning of all parts of the body means efficiency, cheerfulness, enthusiasm
for life as well as the ability to do a full day's work without more than a healthful fatigue.
Today, we realise how great is the difference between optimal nutrition and nutrition
which is merely adequate to prevent obvious disease. The last war has shown us the
difference between the man who is fit for combat duty and the man who has only suffi-
cient vigour to carry on a sedentary occupation. We need to build into our definition
of health those ideals which we express by the term "complete physical fitness".

5. This concept of health also extends beyond the proper functioning of the organs
of the body to include a sound, efficient mind and wholesome emotions. In its various
phases, and to the degree in which it is present, health makes possible a higher quality of
living. Although physical fitness demands freedom from defects in the organs of the
body, it can only be maintained by a normal regimen of healthful living. It is not enough
that you should know how to li e healthfully; complete mental and physical efficiency
cart only be promoted by habit, by custom, by doing and iot merely by thinking, wishing
or knowing. We live in an a_: of strenuous competition; thes CIlon is nw embarking
on a period of development and progr-s; this will !b : Jdi''i:~i., if not impossible, if the
national health is not maintained at a high standard. It therefore behoves every one of
us to maintain good health by practisiag healthful habits, obeying the laws of hygiene
and cooperating with governmental activities designed to promote the public health.
6. What are the governmer.tal activities referred to abcve? Government functions
through the medium of the Public Health Department and it would be well at this point
to correct the popular misconception that the practice of public health or preventive
medicine is limited to sanitation. Important as environmental.sanitation is, theie are
as equally important functions carried cut by the Health Department; to name a few-
the control of cummunicable diseases, maternal health, child hygiene, school health,
nutrition, health education, health visiting, and so on. Is there any need in this Colony
for an grganised public beatth programme? We recognize the need for well-eouipped
institutions for the cure of the sick, but we lose sight of the fact that between 30 and 40%
of the patients treated in hospitals suffer from preventable diseases, in the same way that
we are prone to forget that well over half of the colony's population lives outside of the
city of Belize. We must not forget that the trend today, in large as well as in
small countries, is to lay more stress on preventive medicine.
7. The public health problems which beset us in this Colony are many and varied.
The low-lying coastal telt, and the scattering of our many villages and transport difficult-
'ies, do not make the problems any easier. Some of our more urgent problems include the
eradication of Malaria, Hookworm Disease, Intestinal Diseases, such as Typhoid,
Dysentery and Diarrhoeas; the control of Venereal Diseases and Tuberculosis; the pro-
vision of potable water supplies and proper disposal of human refuse; the improvement
of the nutritional status of the population, particularly amongst the pre-school and school
children in the rural areas; the expansion of maternal, child and school health; and
8. We fully realise otr needs and comprehensive detailed plans for the solution of
our problems have recently been submitted to Government for consideration. However,
to carry out a campaign of the magnitude required to solve these problems on a colony-
wide basis calls for a substantial increase of trained staff and the expenditure of consider-
able sums of money. You know too well how short we are of funds and trained verson-
nel. But we must not be discouraged by these shortages; ve must make a start som--
where. In Belize, the health services, although fairly well organised, are inadequate,
In the rural areas, a start has been made to control malaria by the residual spray-
ing of houses with D.D.T. and the free distribution of paludrine in selected schools, as

a prophylactic. Upwards of 600 village houses aveteen treated so far and it is hoped
that we will be able to get a Demonstration Team in Malaria next year from the World
Health Organisaticn. An attempt is being made to control Hookworm and Intestinal
Diseases by getting villagers to put up their own latrines; so far over 200 have already
been constructed; and, in addition, 13 wells have been sanitated as public water supplies,
Concurrently, health information is being spread about these diseases by pamphlet and
word of mouth. Rural Dispensaries are being constructed and in this way expansion of
maternal, child and school health is taking place. Provision has been made for feeding
next year at least twice as many undernourished school-children as has been possible
this year. All these attempts, however, are but merely touching the fringe of our prob-
lems. Progress will be slow until sufficient funds and trained personnel are available;
for example, to cite just one case, urgent as is our Tuberculosis problem, adequate
measures for its control are impossible in the present circumstances.

9. In any public health campaign, cooperation from the public and assistance from
voluntary groups are essential to success. We need these more so now that we are short
of personnel. In some areas, organized voluntary help at maternal and child hygiene
clinics has been a great boon to our overworked staff; in other areas, however, attempts
to organise such groups have been met with apathy. We should all be proud of
our homes and surroundings. Why not then cooperate with the Health Department and
keep them clean when advised to do so, why await the serving of a notice to be followed
by a p osecution? We should be proud of the community of which we form a part; why
not then give every assistance to the Health Department in its efforts to promote com-
munity health ? I know you can do it, when I see the excellent voluntary work being done
by the Black Cross O1ganization and voluntary lay groups in the rural areas.

10. An essential factor in any health campaign is community health education-
It is well that the public should know something of how diseases are caused and how they
could be prevented. Armed with such knowledge, the public would have a better appre-
ciation of the measures adopted by the Health Department for the promotion of health.
In any scheme of health education the schools will have to play an important role. From
the earliest colonial days the school has been the centre of educational activities in the
community. During recent decades more and more emphasis has been laid upon indi-
vidual instruction, upon determining the needs of'the child and upon shaping the curri-
culum to meet those needs. With such a philosophy it was inevitable that the schools
should have become interested in the health of the child. The need was obvious and its
relationship to school progress intimate. The opportunities for health education in the
regular school programme are numerous and very generally recognized. The school pro-
vides direct health instruction in isolated, correlated, and integrated forms. Indirect
health instruction is also provided through many pupil experiences in connection with
physical examinations, immunization procedures, correction of defects, physical educa-
tion programmes, sanitary physical environment, establishment of such health practices
as washing of the hands, proper use of the toilet, self-cleanliness and so on. More over,
our modern school systems are now extending their activities to include various forms of
adult education. There can be no doubt, therefore, that the schools have an important

role to play in community health education and this could be accomplished in a variety
of ways; as for example, by lectures, health plays, film shows, posters, pamphlets, school
gardens, etc.
11. I wish to thank the British Honduras Federation of Teachers for this opportu-
nity of addressing the public on matters affecting the public health; and it is earnestly to
be hoped that the Public Health Department will receive the cooperation of the public in
its efforts to promote community health.
S. M. O.







niahinern increasingl. in roadmaking, field cultivation, and mahogany extraction. We
need engineers \\ h, c: n use it more economically and to better effect, and keep it in bet-
ter conJitioo.
Most northern countries have a long tradition of skill in crafts dating from
the Middle Ag -s. \\ have not, and if we are to compete we must meet the need some
other '.' J\e I\i.t\ to set ourselves deliberately to interest a section of the young people
of the Colon\ in high standards of craftsmanship, and we have to try to get them
to accept those hii:h sta ndards willingly and live up to them.
in addition to their training with the traditional hand tools, the prospective crafts-
men of the Colon\ v. i!' have to learn to use the time-saving machine tools-the power-
drin band sa'J s. planners, lathes and drilling machines-which enable one man to do s)
much more v. ork. not so that he may be able to put others out of work but so that with
the other carpenters :Ind engineers of the Colony he may be able to produce more for the
Ho%\ u~ll tIe school work? Something like this. Boys will be accepted for entrance
at the end or the elemer.tary school stage, on their school record and on tests set by the
Education Depar tment to reveal their general intelligence and their aptitude for practi-
cal .ork. Each class v. ill probably contain about 30 boys. They will study the usual
school subjects like English and Mathematics, Geography and History, but a good pro-
portion of their time. probably varying from about a third in the first year to a half in
then third Near, \. ill be given to practical subjects like carpentry, metal work, technical
drav ing and engineering. They will start with hand tools, but in time will be trained also
on machine tools: w\e eave ordered a considerable amount of expensive machinery so
that thi. training w\ ill be possible. The course will originally be for three years: at the
end of that time the bo s should be able to enter an apprenticeship with a good techni-
cal lunldat ion on v.hich to build up real skill. It may be possible in time to increase the
course b. two e: ears ror the boys who justify further training, in order that they may try
or the qualificat iors in the technical field which are comparable with the University ma-
rnculation qualifications which are the end of the familiar secondary course. If this is th
possible. then the school will provide for the Colony not only its best trained recruits at
the apprenticeship to the building and engineering trades but also recruits to the
higher professional grades, with a technical and scientific background which will make 11
them capable of going on for further training at the University level. e e
But the technic.Il school will not be merely an institution for transmitting knowledge '
or teaching skills. E\ery attempt will be made to make it a school in the wider sense ot
the w\ord. I hope that it will become a community of young people, with its own inter- i
ests and traditions, ;io. that it will exert a wholesome influence on its students and de- e
\elop all those good iiualities of character that every good school regards as more im- le
portant than ,,i,\. ledge or ability. Particularly I shall ask for t-e cooperation of the
churches in ornl.misi:ng a system of religious instruction which will maintain the strong
reIigiou- influence which is such a conspicuous and important feature of British Hondu-
r..s dJuc.tion indu British Honduras life

t h-

How will the Technical School fit into the present framework of secondary schools?
The Colony has five secondary schools, all essentially academic in character; they all pre-
sent pupils for the Cambridge examinations, and the Colony depends on them for the
clerical recruits that Government and the commercial services require. The Technical
School will be complementary in the two respects mentioned before; it will give an edu-
cation more satisfactory and more attractive to a particular type of boy, and it will aim
at training for a aifierent type of servicee to the community

In another respect it will cooperate directly with the secondary schools. None of
the schools has so far been able to develop a full scale science side. No British Honduras
candidate has taken even the General Science paper in the Cambridge School Certificate
examination, and no one has ever been able to take a science qualification that depended
on a course in experimental science. To relieve the secondary schools of the necessity
of equipping laboratories with expensive apparatus and finding qualified staff, the Tech-
nical School plans include a well-equipped laboratory, and arrangements will be made
forApupils at the existing secondary schools who wish to study science to do so at the Tech-
nical School. This will be a very direct form of assistance to the secondary schools in a
field in which they have up till now been seriously handicapped.

When the University College of the West Indies opened in Jamaica d year ago it
started with the medical faculty only; this year it has started Science courses. Later on
Arts and other faculties will be added. At present, because of a general weakness in
science teaching throughout the secondary schools of the Caribbean area, the University
has had to take in students for its medical and science courses who have not had proper
science training at the secondary school level; but this cannot be expected to continue
indefinitely, and the University should be free to concentrate on teaching at a University
level without having to spend time filling in gaps in secondary education. Our science
laboratory will, I hope, allow us to put forward candidates qualified to start away at a real
University level. I
I referred a moment ago to the opening of medical and science teaching in the Uni-
versity College of the West Indies. Those lines have been given priority because there
is a serious shortage of adequately trained doctors and scientific workers. But apart
altogether from University conditions, in the Colony and throughout the Caribbean area
as a whole many fields of activity need recruits with an adequate training on the science
side; the young man with a good scientific background and outlook will make the best
agricultural or forestry officer, the best engineer, the best pharmacist, and we need more
and better qualified people in those and many other lines. And apart from all those
practical considerations the ordinary citizen will understand the world around him much
better if he has an interest in scientific ideas and some knowledge of the main principles
of physics and chemistry which affect our lives so directly.
There are other services that the Technical School may provide. Part of it is being
equipped for Domestic Science teaching for the girls of Belize, and it may be possible to
make use of the school for teacher-training purposes, but those are incidentals.
The school has been planned essentially for technical and scientific training.

Three distinct groups of people are concerned with the welfare of any school, the
"management and teachers, the pupils, and thirdly the parents and public. It would be
Sa serious mistake if the people of Belize left interest in the school wholly to the profes-
sional officers \. ho \ U run it. We will keep you informed about progress and about our
|;fficulies, successes and failures. It is your school, planned to meet needs that you
I:yourselves hate fell and expressed. Its success will depend largely on your interest and
friendly support: ad it may be that its success will mean a great deal to the future pros-
perity ol' he Colony.

The Resident Tutor's talk:


Amongst the public services education has tended in the past to be the ugly duckling.
When the economy axe had to be wielded it was usually education, and in particular the
long-suffering teachers, that bore the brunt. But there are many signs nowadays,
particularly since the war, that we are beginning to realise the vital necessity for
education in all its various forms. This is true of British Honduras vs it is of
other countries; and I therefore congratulate the British Honduras Federation of
Teachers on their public spirit and far-sightedness in focussing our attention on this ur-
gent matter through the medium of Education Week. Most of us understand and ap.
prove the need for the constant improvement and expansion in our education services,
and our judgement in such matters is made all the sounder when we are told by people
actually engaged in the process what is going on in the educational field in this Colony
and elsewhere.
I make no apology for my inclusion of the University College of the West I ndies
amongst the educational facilities of British Honduras. To many of you it may seem
rather remote, a vague institution with a high-sounding title, situated sore six hundred
miles away. Perhaps it may be news to you that this colony contributed more
than eleven hundred pounds to University College funds during the current financial
year. The other British Car.bbean Territories contribute according to their resources
part of Jamaica's assistance is the provision of the beautiful site on which permanent
buildings are now being erected.
But of course, I believe that your interest in the University College is on a higher
plane than the purely financial one. To help to stimulate this interest I want to run over
for you the progress made so far and something of our plans for the future.
As those of you who heard the Director of Education speak from this station on
Monday will know, the University is now in its second year of operation. The faculties
of Medicine and Natural Science cater to about seventy undergraduates, including two
from British Honduras. The numbers will undoubtedly rise in the near future as the Arts
Faculty is created. Some of the staff for the Arts side of University work has already
been recruited, and very well qualified people they are. In fact, it is the settled policy to
demand from all the teaching stafi the same high qualifications which would be required
in a similar post in the well-known universities of Europe.
In the Jamaican 'Daily Gleaner' last week there was a picture showing the cutting
of the first sod on the University site at the commencement of the building programme.
So far the work has been carried on in makeshift temporary buildings which formed a
refugee camp during the war. Now the permanent buildings are going up. The first
stage of the scheme will include a Teaching Hospital, several laboratories, one or two
Halls of Residence and the Library. The two and a quarter million pounds granted by
the British Government are already shrinking as the result of rising prices of raw materi-

als, so that toe hospital, for instance, will contain two hundred beds instead of the five
hundred originally planned. Funds are 4ort but the new institution is fortunate in
ha\ ing at its head two men of vision and faith in the rightness of what they are trying
to do. They are Dr. Taylor, the Principal, and Philip Sherlock, the Vice-Principal, who
is also the head of the Extra Mural Department. By the way, Mrs. Sherlock was born
in British Honduras.

This is tre outline of the situation as it stands at present. There have been other
minor de'. elopments-the academic gown has been patterned after that of the University
of St. Andiews in Scotland, and the crest and motto have been chosen: "Liht rising
from i le \est Let me make it quite clear that this is not a Jamaican show run for the
benefit of any favoured group. There are men and women from all parts of the Com-
monwealth and outside it on the staff, men and women of differing creeds and races.
The students are drawn from all parts of the Caribbean and ben ond. This is as it should
le. The vei ) word "university" implies breadth and liberality, a willingness to accept of
the b-est from all sources; as St.Paul puts it, to "prove all things, hold fast that which is
good "

As yet Lbh operations of the University College are on a comparatively small scale.
It need; i our support in the form of faith in the value of higher education. It needs sup-
fort from the quality of its own graduates who will be emerging in a few years' time, so
ihat those \ ho told the Irvine Commission in 145 that they were opposed to the forma-
tion of a Unil iersity College in the Caribbean will be glad to admit that they were wrong.

1 hope that my words have shortened for you that six hundred miles which I men-
tioned a f'\ minutes ago. Still, Jamaica is a long way off, and I am here, a member of
the Uni' ei sity College Staff. The reason for this is familiar to many of you, but almost
etui\ day I meet people who have only a vague idea of my purpose in Belize. At the
risk of boring those who are not in need of the information I will explain briefly what
eura mural hork is.
The w ords "extra mural" are of Latin origin and mean "outside the wall"--some
members of the University College Staff teach inside the walls of that institution, that is
to sa:, and others are scattered over a wide area to do their teaching wherever
the ma:. 1-e sent. I am one of the latter; in fact, I am one of seven Resident Tutors scat-
tered rt rougbout the Caribbean area. Our purpose is as far as possible to meet the needs
of pec pie ,\ ho have been unable to enter a university, to provide lectures and discussion
poups f'r all who are interested in enlarging their contact with the things of the mind,
anJ to be read. to co-orerate on request with already existing institutions which are en-
gage-i in related work. We are not private tutors nor do we charge fees for our own prof-
it. locient i;ly, may I add on a personal note that I am not the Headmaster of the new
ichnical -chool about which Mr. Forrest spoke so eloquently on Monday. But I wish
I hbd as fii:e n building in which to hold my classes'
TI', iJdad .i'f extra mural work is not a new one. Most of the universities n the Uni-
tid V.i.iJo'- h-ve similar schemes in operation. Before I came to British Honduras 1

was an Extra Mural Tutor for the University of Birmingham. The people who attended
the classes there had widely varying backgrounds. There were professional people-
teachers, doctors, scientists; there were agricultural labourers; therc,were housewives
and students, those who worked with their hands and those who or Le I with their brains.
I remember one man, a manual worker; you could see the oil engrained in the palms of
his hands. His knowledge of English poetry was extensive, and he frequently outstripped
me in his knowledge of Anciant Greek philosopity. It was all done through long attend-
ance at Adult Classes atd much reading in his spare time. A former colleague of mine
told m of one of his extra mural students who worked all day at the coal face as a miner,
in the evening he wrote essays on economics in an adu t class, finally winning a scholar-
ship to the University of Cambridge. Ultimately he gained c. degree with honours.
I mention these cases, hot to holdup a standard which you might regard as impos-
sibly high except for a gifted few, but to indicate how extra mural work has reached out
to all types of people, irrespective of their academic standards of education. It is not
aimed at a select few who have already advanced far in book-learning; nor is it aimed at
teaching the alphabet to illiterates-if it were thi would be a singularly stupid choice
of area for my work. It does seek to reach the ordinary intelligent person who is interest-
ed not onk in absorbing a few more facts, but also in broadening his own mental horizon
through uj cushionn and contact with others who have a similar aim. When students are
forthcoming who are sufficiently interested in a subject to spend some time in reading
and possibly in submitting written work a high standard can be reached. But the classes
areconducted at other levels, too, and no-one need be afraid to attend beci. .e be does
not yet feel suik icntly confident to commit himself on paper.
Obviously, no tutor, ho% e er learned, can speak with authority on every subject
which he may be asked to tackle. Because of this we seek assistance from people who, L
whilst not members of the University College Staff, are sufficiently quali fled to take charge
of some subject. This presents difficulties in British Honduras, because the usual source
of supply-qualified Secondary School Teachers-is composed of people who already
have two jobs to perform, as teachers and as clerics. It is pleasant to note, however, that
Fr. Ganey creates the time to conduct his study groups in Co-operation with manifestly
beneficial results.
And so I return to Education Week. Education is a process that is never finished,
least of all at the arbitrary age of fourteen or fifteen. I see the University College of the
West Indies as dovetailing into the upper part of a continuous plank; one end is in the
elementary school, and the other is out of sight-because, as 1 have said, education is
never finished. But it is my hope that extra muralwork, and the University College of
the West Indies in general, may help to extend the range of our vision.



.- __^. ^ ^ .^ .n. -,. .- .^ .. _,


What is only a dream world for most children is
very real to the boys and girls of Baking Pot School on the
upper reaches of the wide Belize River in British Honduras.
wh,-ii the schoolmaster rings the bell the river becomes alive
witii children. Long, shallow doreys, cut from solid tr:ec
tr'auniks, ilide along the river with their cargoes of happ.,',
clattering children. The elder boys skilfully navig.,,,=
their little craft with rough, wooden paddles. In a moLient
ti:' converge to a point on the river bank just below t;ic
sc.,ol. Gripping their parcels of booksin one hand, t!~rir
pae.l',s in the other, they race up the' bank to the small,
pal]m- -i.hatched schoolroom. This picture shows the doreys on
thile belize River.


The policy-making body is the Board of Education,
a co1Lujittee appointed by His Excellency (who is himself tile
Chalirmllan) and'including representatives of the main
SLrinLI nations and other interests directly concerned with
education. It is responsible particularly for the making of
.ru.l-i, the giving of grants, and the award of teachers'
certificates, and advises the Governor on all educational
mt ettL-.s.

i: The schools in British Honduras are predominantly
owned by the various denominations, and the Department's
'traditional functi.ond were the paying of Goverl-:,ient grants and
.,the inspection and record-keeping that were required to satisfy
SGovernment that the money was being spent as intended. As a
Result we have to look after salaries and five different kids
|of allowances every month for about 375 teachers and pupil
"teach.-rs, and we give three other types of grants to rxl.:nig'rs
.-for building and equipment; we keep monthly and yearly records
Of eFnrolmient,. average attendance, fees paid, absences inl fines
imposed for absence, hours of instruction in handicrafts,
instruction of pupil teachers, and absences and unpunc;uility
for each of the 88 assisted schools. We hold a written
exaLiination for all pupils in the highest standard. l/ are
s Lpori..d to inspect each school each year, but that has 'poved
Siuosible recently. (In an earlier generation, the huid cf
tile department was required to examine each pupil individually
''eacich y~-j r! ).


- 2-

A number of other responsibilities have fallen to
the Department in the course of times' We af.n.g a few schools,
including a Dcmestic Science Centre; we enforce a.endance
through a number of school officers; re run examinations for
the award of scholarships to secondary schools; and Canrridge,
London iMatriculation, and London Chamber of Cor erce exarnia-
tions for the pupils of secondary schools; this year in the
absence of the Resident Tutor we took the University College
of the West Indies entrance examination as well. We have to
examine all applicants for permission to change schools during
the term; we try to get places in United Kingdom univcrsicies
and training institutions for both official and private
British Honduras students. We issue free a large proportion
of the books, stationery and equipment used in the grant-aided
primary schools; recently this has meant the issue and
recovering of about 80,000 items per year.

Recently we have ventured into a new field; the
original development plan, the Dragten commission, and Mr.
Hammond of the Development and Welfare staff all recommended
the development of technical education, and, as a result, under
a Development and Welfare scheme a Technical High School is
being set up in Belize. The building is finished, but there
have been delays- about staff and equipment. It is hoped that
the technical training given there will be an important factor
in the industrial and agricultural development of the Colony;
and the provision of central science facilities will constitute
the first form of direct help with teaching and equipment to
the independent secondary schools.
To return to elementary education again, policy in
the Colony took a big step forward in 1935 with the publication
of the Easter Report and the official acceptance of the main
rec;Ime1ndations. Mr. Easter, then Director of Education of
Jamaica, stressed that "the chief task of the head of the
department should be that of devising ways and means of improving
the standard of teaching" and drew attention to the necessity
for a teacher-training centre. In his despatch to the Secretary,
of State commenting on the report the Governor, Sir Alan B]3rns,
stated emphatically that the training of teachers was the chief
educational need of British Honduras and that everything else
should be made subordinate to it.
We must admit to having achieved neither aim.
Although the importance of teacher-training is fully recognized,
the amount of paper work which has to be got through makes it
difficult to give a really effective amount of the head's time
to teac ier-training problems and instruction, and even affects
the progrSeL cs of the supervisors. And we are still without
a teacher-training centre; we depend on a pupil teacher
system wnich pubs anl impossib-le burden on the recruit, requiring
him to do a day's work as a tuac.her, a seccnda'ryC
education, and study the professional aspects of eCucation, all
at the same time. Elsewhere the three jots are tackled
separately, and there is little prcspeect of real advancement
until we give our pupil teache-'s a substantial prtio n of the day
for study, get their actual class teaching reco sed practice-
ard noc, service, and establish a ceit.r'e il'-. ;e .th~y ci dvucte
ther:uelves to stuayJ'ng under the best available iisctruc'ors cad
practising their craft. under the inrflue n of the mast inspiring
We do.wh!s we can; we crganise as many vacation
courses as we can pay for; we send f'or- studoen~s a year to
Jamaica; we have encouraged the formati-on of pupil-teacher
centres to give them a better chance, but the whole training

- 3-

system is unsatisfactory. Sir Alan Burns's statement on the
:aralount importIace of teacher-training is as true today as
in 1935 and iir. Easter's recommendation of a teaccheir- tr'raiing
uentre is still the only way that the teachers of the Colony
*:an be given a chance to make the best use of their natural

Consequently, in the ten year plan now being
discussed by Governmenti the education proposals include an
increase in supervisor, staff, and a centre at Lelize to give
a year's pract '.al, to all young teachers a;end as many
)f the older oies as can be taken. Without those developments
it would be futile to hope for much improvement.

,is Excellency the Governor.

During the past month Hi s Excellency were able to
pay several visits to the surrounding countryside, including
one to the Gracie Rock Prison Farm, and another to the Salt
Creek Estate where considerable plantation development is
oeing undil t:-;len by the Weston Biscuit Company. Stanley
i'ield was also visited, 'nu, His Excellency displayed his
interest in the progress being made in the installation of
the new wireless equipi.-iLt up there.

OnE-the social side, the Governor attended the
acht Club Dance at St. Mary's Iall on the 3rd, a race
ieeting at lone Park on the 4th, and presented the Gough's
Iro:-y to the winners of the mixed doubles tennis competitic-'
.t Pickwick Club the same evening.

Because of the call of duty, His Excellency was
unable to be present in Jamaica for the installation of the
Chancellor of the University College of the '.lst Indies,
princess Alice of Athlone, but attended the commemoration
servicee held in St. John's Cathedral qtere in Belize on the

agriculture .

After January's rather unusual rainfall, weather
conditions in February returned to what is considered to be
Lore normal for this time of the year. Some showers fell
in all districts during the month, but on the whole the onset
If the "dry" season was, apparent.

Budwood of improved strains of cacao was received by
air from St. Vincent, and this was siont on to the 'griculturl
Station at Stann Creek where it was used to bud cacao stocks
in the nursery there.

In the Northern District, Farm Demonstrators have
been assisting with sale of relief corn for human consur-ontic,.
and-for feedingof lixcptc;k. In the Gaiina (Grass area an
.utbraak of distemper am ong horses lwas brought under control.

At the Central Farm, a beginning was made with thl.
raping of our Red Kidney beans, and it lojks as if this crci,
;ill give quite a good yield.

On the 17th the Acting Director of Agriculture
left the Colony to attend the Livestock Officers Conference aid
the Directors of Agriculture Conference being held in Trinida,.

Towards the end of the month, members of the fieli
staff began activities on behalf of the Miarketing Board, in

- 4-

connection with the Board's loans to farmers for the growing
of .*.1rn and rice, Demonstrators, trained in veterinary work,
cc.tiii.e to render assistance in cases of illness a....-'ng
lives to-,k.


Following an application by TACA for a licence to
.Fpe.at6 a Scheduled Air Service, the Airport Mianager and the
Dhir,:;t-r of Telecommunications visited the Company's
ri-eadqu.irers in Tgucigalpa and Salvador to inspect their
equips. -t and o.,rj'ational procedures.

On the morning of the 20th, the TACA plane arriving
fr-i.. Sn Pedro Sula experienced unusual weather at the field;
a foi' liad rolled in ..'id reduced the cloud base to about 200
fet ai i visibility to approximately 800 feet. Several
:ip. r-.:.-',,s were made on the omini-directional beacon, but it
w :; n.t until a full hour later that the weather cleared,.tly to enable the pilot to effect a safe landing.

An aircraft of the Gulf Oil Research and
Devlc picr.ient Comilpany arrived on the 8th mnd is currently
'Ii.;-i in carrying out a i.'; :,tometer Survey of the Colony.
TiiL ii:-e of equipment can be seen as it trails some 60 feet
blhii- the aircraft which flies at about 1700 feet above the

During the month, aircraft movement amounted to
$2. 1-i- passengers arrived in, and 136 were taken out of the
Cl.ny; 1145 pounds of mail were brought in, and 286 taken
iout, .:i.ile incoming freight amounted to 5,208 pounds and
outgjoing to 2,074.

Total Imports for the month of February, 1950,
am-un-t1d to $478,277, import duties and entry tax fetching
$6',74-'0.7 and ip4,838.90 respectively.

Total Exports reached *373,964 including Re-Exports
of 45,403; the Domestic Exports being valued at 4368,561 as
is SlioU. by the following table:-
Pr -duce quantity Value

Bananas bchs. 3,622 $ 2,603
Copra lbs. 18,245 1,707
Cohune Kernels lbs. 38,935 3,643
Coconuts no. 57,500 5,225
Grapefruit Ibs. 2,536,000 104,431
Grapefruit Juice lbs. 900,000 103,350
Mahogany Logs cu.ft. 46,127 61,995
Mahogany Lumber cu.ft. 7,309 21,716
Cedar Lumber cu.ft. 1,663 4,391
Pine Lumber cu.ft. 43,805 57 ,00
Other Articles 19700

E i..,_. at io,.,

School inspections were carried out at Bomba,
]..,l:lls, Rockstone Pond, Louisville, Cay Corker, Ambergris
C,-:., Point and Freetown (Sibun). Visits were paid to
eCii.:iL in the Orange 7 11: District by the Director of
Educ.:a:tlIl with Supervisors.


- 5-

On the 14th the school choits of Belize gave
a concert in the Cathedral Hall to -a big audience of parents.
Each choir sang two songs of its own choice, and at the end
the massed choirs sang under the direction of i~r. E.P. Yorke,
Supervisor. The pr:'-ra.mme included songs from the different
countries. There have been numerous requests that this
concert should become an annual affair, and it is likely that
it will. The choirs should benefit considerably from the
intensive practice needed for concert performance and from
Learning the others.


Formation of new trade union. A new trade union
known as the British Honduras Development Union was formed in
3tann Creek during the month. This is a general union with
its membership open to all classes of workers: its membership
at the close of the month was 160 and formal registration will
be effected as soon as its rules, now in the hands of the
printers, are completed.

Cost of Living. The index of retail prices rose
from 204 at the beginning of the month to 208 on the last day
of the month.

Unemployment. On the 18th February the balances
o:f unemployed on the registers were:-

Belize .. 876
Corozal .. 405
Orange Walk .. 500
Cayo .. 610

a total of 2,391 for the four districts. Since that date
a further 235 were engaged for work on the iMiddlesex roaring
Creek Road and as from the 27th February the number on relief
work in the Belize area was increased from 100 to 200 men.

Work on the construction of the road linking
:middlesex with the B&aize-Cayo Road at Roaring Creek began on
the 6th February and the total number at work by the end of the
month was 340. This employment, with the doubling of the relief
jang ~;has brought about a considerable improvement of the
unemployment situation in Belize.


: Out of funds collected from voluntary subscriptions,
Mrs. R. H. Garvey kindly donated the sum of $4,684.00 to the
Department to assist in the feeding of needy school children.
$2,000 of this was used for the emergency feeding of school
children in the Northern and Western Districts, areas
stricken by the recent drought and unemployment.

The Senior Medical Officer addressed a meeting of the
villagers at Burrell Boom in connection with a project to open
a dispensary in the village to be run voluntarily by Mrs.
Chaytor. The villagers propose to donate the site, materials,
etc., and to build the dispensary themselves. The department
is grateful to the villagers for the excellent step they are
taking, and particularly to Mrs. Chaytor, who is doing every-
thing possible tc make the project a success.

The rainfall for Belize during the month of February,
1950, was 3.99 inches compared to 4.10 inches in February, 1949.

- 6 -

The average maximum temperature was 81.7 degrees
and the av,'rage minimum 67.1 degrees.


I hiis has been one of the busiest months the Police
have evecr had. The climax was reached on the eventful
occasion characterized by the Billboard as "That Night"
STusda:,y 14th, when tear gas was used for the first time.

A Rifle Club, which is to be registered with the
PNatio,'i.l jiiall Bore Rifle Association, is being formed by
the Poi'ic in order that they may be able to compete in the
various competitions available to rifle clubs in the colonies,
and to avail themselves, of the extra practice afforded on the
mini it lure range.

ThLe Police boat "Ailie" has been retired from
service but it is hoped to have the replacement launched
urging idiarch. A new horse has been bought and paid for,
but dr-i. s capture in Melhado's potrero at El Cayo. A band
of worthy en will be despatched to retrieve it this month.

Public Worls.

During the month the road from Yo Creek to August
Pin,4 hi'ig; was .completed, with the exception of a few short
sctici,, w which will be resurfaced with marl or crushed stone.

The Yo Creek San Lorenzo road, which is three and
thru-qu- rttr miles long, was also completed, except for the
final i,-rl surface, but the road is now useable under most
weat-her conditions.

Early in February work commenced on the feeder road
to PaItciakala. It is a little over six miles in length, joins
ithe Lain Corozal Louisville road approximately one mile from
SLoui.ville, and will serve in addition to Patchakan, the
Svilla-s of San Pedro and Yo Chen. By the end of the month
Sthe .bush had been cleared for three amile.s and the earth works
completed for one and one-half miles.

: the Hector Creek Road, the colas surface has
beien completed with the exception of the approaches to the
i Bundoii Canal ,ridge, which is still under construction. Work
,20nLitiEu-s oi building up the shoulders of this road and on its
apjrioa'-Jh.s to Belize via the Yarborough by-pass.

,Work commenced on the Roaring Creek Road: one and
thre-quart-r miles of bush having been cleared and trees
I fellea for a distance of one and a half miles, with three
lfurio-,its of embankment completed.

S'1~To houses are now completed on the Freetown Area
Housing Sch-eme. Work on the roadways and paths continues
sa.tisf:,atorily and the construction of other houses is now

Sur i--,.

The reconnaissance survey of the Roaring Creek -
MI.ddlces,:.: Hoad has continued east of the Sibun River despite
he vy' r-,in.

- 7-

Surveys are also being carried out in the Stann
Creek District, and a re-alignment of a part of North Front
Street in the City of Belize has been surveyed and marked by
concrete pillars.

The tape survey of the City of Belize continues
and good proirP;js is being made; also the plans of the
Housing Site iid lots at Yaroorough are nearing completion.
i ,i: 1'. 'Good progress has been made in the
mapping of the southern coastal plain. Copies of all sorties
flown by the American Air Force of the coastal plain, cays
and reefs have been received. In due course this information
will be plotted and the existing charts amended.


Belize Savings Bank transactions during February
were as follows:-
Deposits $53,147.71 (January 757,219.96)

Withdrawals $25,577.84 (January P61,299.17).

Loans. A 3-- per cent. Inter Colonial loan of
50,646 was -rait during the month at 97 for purposes of
the LIarketing Board and the Belize Housing Scheme. It will
be repaid in 1970.


The following article was prepared for readers
outside British Honduras, but it may be of interest to
locc, inhabitants as a reminder of what is being done
to dc-.vjlop the, Colony's system of road communications.

Briti-h Honduras, a country the size of Wales with
a population of little more than 60,000, has suffered
gro.tly in the past from the lack of Ad ,qate internal
coamriunic .tions. But with thu aid of alloc,,tins from the
Colonial Development and Welfare Fund totalling 1,450,000
since 1j45, the Government has ejQoar-:ea upon a vigorous
progirame of general development, and a high place in the
proramuie has oeen allotted to the construction of roads.
Trne country has hitherto lived on the products of its
forest., but this exclusive dependence can no longer be
maintaindd, and the building up of a -ealthy economy in
Britis. Honduras can come aoout only through the development
of hr- considerable agricultural resources. This means
that new areas of good agricultural land must be opened up,
and thirefore that an extensive road programme is an
ussnnti.i feature of any effective plan of development.
Th, two existing trunk roads run from Belize northwards
tu Cur.z_.l (96 milus) and thence to the Mexican frontier
wh;ru s ferry crossing over the Rio Hondo connects with a
ru:d i rum Chetumal; and from Belize wustwards to Cayo and
thu Guatemalan frontier (91 miles). From Stann Creek a
road runs inland for 25 miles to Middlesex, tapping the rich
agricultural area of the Stann Creek Valley; and in the
Tolcdo District there is a road from Punta Gorda westwards
to 3..n Antonio (21 miles), with a 6-mile branch to San Pedro
Columbia. Thus three of the Colony's five districts the
Northern, Cayo, and Belize Districts are connected with
eacti other by main roads. In the other two districts there
are roads leading inland from the ports, but all external
traffic must travel by sea.
The construction and maintenance of all roads in
the Colony is carried out oy the Public Works Department. -.
Quite apart from the development work descrioud in this
article, the department is responsible for normal road
mainunance work at a cost of some 5Q0,000 per annum and
for all construction and maintenance work on Government
buildings, whether financed from Colonial revenues and
gratt-in-aid, or from development funds. In spite of a
serious shortage of senior staff during the past year or
two tne Department has maintained a -very high level of
As already stated, the Colony's total allocation
uf Colonial Development and welfare funds up to date is
i1,450,000. This comprises grants already.approved or
planned under the 1945 Act for general development
purposes, plug an allocation of 850,000 set aside last
yuar by the Secretary of State for the Colonies in order
to enaole an immediate start to be made with the
developments recommended in the Report of tha British
Guiana and British Honduras Settlement Commission (Cmd. 7533).
This is i:sually referred to as the "Evans Report", after
its Chairman, Sir Geoffery Evans, C.I.E. Out/of this 'sum
of nearly one and a half million pounds, a total of 976,000
hs beun spent on, -or- earmarked for, ryad development, as

indicated bel w:-

(a) Main roads and bridges already
completed .. .. 163,795
(b) Main roads and bridges not yet
completed .. .. .. 412,950
(c) Feeder Roads .. .. .. 149,447
(H) Other subsidiary roads .. 73,063
(e) Improvements to existing roads
and miscellaneous .. .. _12 _23Z
Tutal .. 976,19

(a) Main roads and DOrid alra2_cmpl ci 16t -792.
This includes the amount spent on the construction
of the Belize Cayo road, was finally completed
last year with the opening of the Hawkaswwrth Jridge
across the Belize River at E1 Cayo. This bridge,
which cost nearly 50,000, is a suspension bridge
480 feet long, consisting of a main centre span of
280 feet, and an approach span on either side of
100 feet. The centre of the main span is 52 feet
abuve'normal river level, and seven feot aouve the
highest known flood level. The oridgo contains
264 tons of steel work and has 2,260 ntu of concrete
in the piers and abutments. The construction was
carried out by Mr. F. C. Hecker, a local foreman under
the supervision of Mr. E. V. Williams, Director of
Public works. The bridge is named after Sir Gerald
Hawkesworth, K.C.M.G., M.C., Governor of British
Honduras from 1946 1948.

(b) Main roads and bridges not yet completed 412,9$0.
This covers two main ruads:-

(i) The Hector Creek road runs from Belize to
connect with the Belize Cayo road, reducing the
distance by 12 miles and eliminating a ferry at Boom
(Belize River). The construction of this read is
complete except for the abutments to the bridge over
the Burddon Canal (see below). Although covering the
comparatively short distance of 14 miles, the road
has proved extremely expensive to build since it runs
through heavy mangrove awamp country which is liable
to flooding, A difficult engineering problem was
presented by the bridging of the 3urdon Canal, 6 mile~
from Belize. A high level bridge was necessary to
enable uninterrupted use of the canal by water-borne
traffic. The foundations of the bridge had to be
placed below an average of 14 feet depth of .imnirove
silt, and in one case, on a shallow layer of material
of moderate bearing strength abive quicksand. For
this reason, raft Qoundations were adopted within the
canal bed and well 'foundations for the abutments.
The coffer dams for the raft foundations were
constructed entirely with local material, resulting
in a considerable economy.
(ii) The Roaring Creek Middlesex Road.
This road, construction of which was recommended by

the Evans Commission, is considered to be vital to
the future development of the Colony. Besides
opening up good agricultural land, it will join the
Stann Creek Middlesex road to the Belize Cayo
road at a point 48 miles from Belize and 21 miles
fruit Cayo, thus providing direct road communication
between Stann Creek, El Cayo and Belize and, of
:. course, the North. The total cost has been
p.j visionally estimated at 250,000, but this may
have to be modified after completion of the detailed
survey. Construction of the road was approved in
principle by His Majesty's Governrment in January,
and work has. alre..l begun.

(c) .Feeder Roads 149,447.
An extensive system of feeder roads, connecting
good agricultural areas with- the main roads, has been
worked out and is now in'process of execution. At
present the work is concentrated in the Orange Walk
area of the Northern District, out other roads are to
be built at an early date in the Belize, Cayo and
Toledo Districts. Whereas the Colony's main roads
are bitumen-surfaced, the feeder roads are constructed
with a metalled or marl surface, to an average width
of 18 feet, and are designed as all-weather roads.
The siting of the Feeder Roads was planned by a
Technical Committee consisting of the Director of
Public Works (Chairman), the Director of Surveys, tha
Director of Agriculture and the Consergator of Forests.

(d) Other subsidiary roads 73 .061.

Into this category fall the roads to oe built for
certain special purposes such as the provision of
access to the Mountain Pine Ridge area to open up its
possibilities for forestry, cattle ranching and
tourist development; and the opening up of areas in
\which the Colonial Development Corporation and its
associate, British Honduras Enterprises Ltd., plan to
develop the production of bananas, cacao and other cropal

(e) Improvements to existing roads and miscellaneous
176,9 7-
Parts of the two trunk roads, particularly the
Belize Corozal road, are in need of extensive repairs
and reconstruction; and provision has boen included
for a number of miscellaneous items.

This describes the road development that has been
undertaken or is planned within the limits of the funds at
present at the disposal of the British Honduras Government;
but the full development of the Colony.calls for the allo-
cation of further substantial sums, and an application in
this behalf is on the point of submission to His Majesty's
Government. The application includes provision for addi-
tional expenditure on road construction, and if the plan
guls through, the Colony should obtain a road system fully
Attuned to its development needs.

kh 'T. "' ,..

-8 -

His Exc ll.ncy th. Jovnrnur.
.u,. --ig-.L f.I;n i manual Harbour Regatta was held
on tULz 9T. "-l'. "rn Bliss Day", and His Excellency the
GoveIrnor, t ':. Lhi a party of guests, cruised the
cou's in ...-i. s 1-unch "Pa-ricia". Later that
ev-ning. Hi 3 ;' j.'..i occupied the chair at a special
mrotir.. Cr..' ~,:. ti old f -1a.ll to Bishop Jl. .Dji on his
Idei.-.riLl'.- f'o'i :1.. ...i.-i HC..-Iuras and on the following evening
hell .- "?'L'uiiil 'i .L': I -i' lnce" at Government House to
cunfl. .'ii .i' ..1 -t.r u_. ., L-oyment situation in the Colony
(aC *~cr... i. t.. c.. f c-.i-;'.nce will be found as an appendix
to tUl ; S..-i r eek was visited from the 10th
t. th .uth, :i fn tti.u ;i-,d His Excellency left -Beliza on
a ti. ui tne i., :' iL .rn jl.ritts during which he also paid
a visit t. .- n-.-i'-..'-i. I-:ilan town of Chetumal. Hie
r tuLi'ii i t t., .pit-,l uo. way of nlbergris Cayj on the
27tLh, uLn *t-. l; fi ._: Ty t he morth the Governor laid the
fuuri atir. so., L.ric r nj. Ir. .thodist Church which is being
cunstrucL.-d un U .hi si..; if the old building destroyed in 1931w

Airportt. ..

Tnj ;, rha-ia2s .x:,loration Company completed its
mDgn.ttc'it -,Lrl- -. of L'.: Colony in Miarch and the aircraft
VwhAicii 'v ..A u_ .:-. i'-. iSi cornection has now returned to the
United tbuake''.

ir.j;:c'i-.'T, nov.I-njnTs amounted to 94, and there were
ten aircr j.. ..'.,_:'.-.g a~ui Iiking use of our facilities
during thae ac t,.

151 -..-:,:r>~r arrived and 197 departed, while
941 1isL. of l-il .. iro-.-ht in and 277 taken out. Incoming
freight to l.j,G'j Ibs. and outgoing to 3,894.

Tlhrj lL'z-:i flig ~ts were made to the Mango Creek
ar:.:- by TACA ~'ri-- '.'-o c -ried out a charter f).ight over the
Salt Circk .3ic tow-rlis the end of the li.^th.

A i~rjing of ttr~ Air Licensing Authority was held
on Marcri 2nd ; L'..'iich i1ng, Commander L. A sI-,sfield,
Director ener :.l of C'i-1ii. aviationn in. tne Cariobean, was
present Inl li ua.r.J, sL~od to be the first mieering of an
Air Licr.nsi.g .-uOritjy o nave takarn place in the British
CarioOD.: i Anrr.. ih ..uocrity considered a nurru.r of
apilicatiuns tu oi:"at schcAd.uled air services to and from
the Culuny.


Thn total imports for the month of March amounted
to $564,617.00, ir..:.'t duties and entry tax fetching )y8,776.4
dnd *5,u91.1 )qi-, ct-ively.

Tot-l edx!JLrts ~vuir' valued at $238,17-.00 from which
duties :munLtin.g to .p5,108.50 were derived. The domestic
exports -_iuunting to .-3jl,0.5500 are shown on the following

rian:.n.s ,12L4 bunches valued 8 2,77 .00
Fish j0 ,2I0 lbs. 2,15.00
Los"t.r Tails 10, 1 48 1.00 L.u ber 1~,075 cu.ft. 47,052.00
Pinj LUib.-r o0,cO I 104,895.00
Caid.r L ]nir 2,9 0 It,193.00
gny s 46, 66,452.00
Oth r 'xpu:Ls 1,047.00.


E, ca t.L I-.

"' ~ -


Her Ro-ya Hi h;,.: Princess AliceI, Coiuntess of Athlone,
has. o-n installed as Chancellor of th3 University Collgga
of the ; ist Indieso After the installation ceremony,
Princ;s3s ,lice raad an address to the.A-.'.b.i Her, the Earl of Athlone, who is Chancellor of the
University of London, is on the right In the front row
(fruiL lefL to right) is Mr. Hugh Spr-.iu- r, Registrar,
Sir RJi-nd Priestly, the Vice-Chancellor and Principal of
the Unirve1ity of Birmingham, Sir James Irvine, Vice-
Charicellur and Principal of the University of St. Andrews.
The University is situated at Mona, at the foot of the Blue
Mnuptains above Kingston, Jamaica. Two British Honduras
reGcresentatives attended the ceremony. They were the
IHonuraol. W. H. Courtenay, O.B.E., and the Honourable
H. C. Fuller, electedd Members of the Legislative Council.

During March the Director of Education visited
schools in the Orange Walk~ Stann Creek, Cayo and Belize
Districts, the T.,2pector of Schools carried out formal
insp:ctiuns in Stann Creek, Toledo and Belize, and the
Su~Crviasu's visited schools in the Orange Walk District and
in roliz;.

On the 21st Mr. A. S. Frankson, Supervisor
returned from an extended course of study in London in the
application of individual methods of teaching and the
construction and use of intelligence and attainment tests.
His thesis is a formidable document of some 300 pages, and
the other of the Department are trying to pluck up
couva to read it. Mr. Frankson'-s return gives tha
Department an unusual look, as it is now, for the first
time oince 1944, at full strength; in the intervening yeana
seconamtet, vacation and study leave, and occasional illness,
havd combined to keep it short-staffed.

A recent issue of the Caribbean Commission
Bulletin carried a full-size article on last year's Xaibe
course, and it is understood that the next issue of Oversea
Education, the Colonial Office Education Department 's
Quarte'l:,', will do the same. Plans are well advanced for
a seconA. conference to discuss the most effective methods
of teacning the new curriculum which h was drawn up as a
result of the Xaibe course; teachers are now doing much
prelirLlin-ry work for it in the form of ;ns.:'rs to a lengthy
questionnaire issued by the Department and iianm.i-.tely
renamdl the "Forty Questions" by the radio fans among them.

-, 6 **

In recent months the Roman Catholic management
::put tu r;l.', i:, school building prog:ramme. New
4ols Yn. ... .:tid at 2r. n ronio, Toledo and
^ni._ ..-.-. :-.- -an AL l n c C ao, has been rebuilt
S<:,_ .*' ,-.'e a': '>a n -T i _-i _dad i nearly
ih-:.,. c .:,. .. i ~ on .n extension et BD;ll: t ,.:
SFil" '.. .- j.. ding at Carw2aJ.-ta, The Anilican
iBgeI~Ln.r L-. U i- oi a new s'iaool at Baking Pot.

rt1.7 *
.', ...P-.,. L mhrb, B.Sc(, Conservator of Forests,
it thei I. .-. ,. : 7ch on fonr' lo.Ctihs vacation leave
;er wr.'. a .re of the For9st Department in
as servd. br h Eonduras since
i3 an.. ,.r,,- -.: -, l of the local forests he has acquired -;
Doa 02 U: .i.':. to place.

:: k', ,.. .,. Rbeirtson, C .MG, Forestry Adviser
:t e.f '-, .I ;ate arrived inl the Colony on the
S' oi' x,..,!-, *-, *-i re~mainid urtil the 7th of ;-Lch.
ViSit;,i ...-- .'-. 'u.. and iayo Dist r icts. His great
rcept, ii ,.: .. ...J'K ,f the d.partm~ent and his advice on
iy ., : ... ii-Lmnen help to all foresters who
!e abl. to m..jt 1-iru.

* Ei'upu'rt,.onos for this year's plantations were
L adv-a:c .l itn ?.1 districts. In Stann Cruuk District
au m. 2 ti. i i-.j..neration work of the Colony is done,
fei' .... ;..\'z c i_, ine plantations are being made.
19' l'.'. tr:tral regeneration plot. in Maria camp
.ayf ,'- ,.-.-r. young p1l.nts show up well,
i-- i -... 1i. R-' :ta GordJa special measures to
iv'.t 2f-,'L-- c.:IuV '.' Indian Reserva-tion entering
at i,: P+.. : i.: '....'.-t tion a;-'1 a .r bei.g taken.
ii t. n'.! ... .:-.. d for all the r:quirorl i-nts of the
aarjt rr: ,..:J 1--se lii al l about 250 acres of
lest c,-- '-- p.C .c' growtli will be converted to pine,
ogary and c f xr plantations.

The L-ibour "dvisory Board met on the 4th to
isider th ;-.'-. .;' .f a~s paid to Government manual workers
d r .r.. .. n to Govrment on the subject.
fiJL .j ; *.- .: -.. .vr .. a? 'h, S niu I'- i. dical
er", II.. li.i.. -. -..193 C. Ai Gicbs (enKaloyersl represent-
ie, ~r) h- ... PLi.'-i[ lon (repre.seastaive of the General
ers UnioJ ).

~I'.-i through the payment of increased subsidi-s
Eertair -:. .i :..i ems of food, tha cost of living
Lx 'lhl', J-_. at L08 on the let M'arch, declined to 202
be l e t A.'.' 1

Ssubst.ntial improvement in the unemployment
actionn in ,, .- z.. .'.s taken plao mainly through tihe
in i of -.-0 ..':- o' i'i n- the relief roi.:a in Btlize on the
i.fSi.lls.:.; -- ": iig Creek road. Th. balance of 1,066
ch r.'.:iL Uo.- 1 -.-i register of u.-..!.;.iloy3d in Belize at
,begi.-l._l"z *-f t.l,_ p-esenrt year i.s inoa 501, while the
bars in tU: diLtri-ct are as follows;-

Cayo .. .. 601
Sura.:age iWalk 500
Corozal .. 450

j Relief work continued in the four areas through



the nontn with 2OO in mploy;m.rnt in d.6;liz iand 100 in
ach oi t.i tirj istrict.o.

Tij i.,il, > m..,1 -t i .,r.on-i i .cL., fur the
jenufit, ui.' thj u Qi'.i *- ,A0 d- .. IAn t. iin-i ; 'A coughout

"D- r. J!t, a I'n h...tirj.;, IL. ic.. Dfl'ic.r, British
,O; "duP..U ,a'i' 1' j.- i- L ..'aui C'" i '" S (im d
ty, ; i.- .i ._ i ,. i .. i.. e... i on +th.e
S ', ., ...,. .. I-.1 i- : ij Cathedral
che L :. .. tI -.', i.. n .. his

r j .", *. j... j. 1 J...-.*. Q 'orps as

i at i 'i. p.. J .? '. .- 7 h, j took
-* ; .- .- .k .- .-' L 'ivcrzity
Ind '.., 4-- 1' I. L..4- '.n *--t ..a i 4'shiru
as pit. ,i .. i

J|otao l f,-

Te ri il fr tn e iiin h ui l i.r-n -, .68
Inches Clr.:i' l ,, ,12 ii. 3s I'Ll' tlI ,r p. ..'iod last
gear. i-. .'. :... at aiLUit i:-! CLrI. u,3 .u ii.j urs was
32 inen..a ' i i 'i Lun -- lc't.n.
S .- n .1- p..:. .-.L fI i Y',.. &L : r. T. .L; ..aS

g -lief j. < 1 l <.1, h *tL .L 6.4..

S't-i e,' pu.~ice ..)at "He .,nn" w.As w i-.LLnched
p. the 17th ',.i1t.,1 .. ....n, ti- -uasts being
i -:c .. r i. LI ti- .. cutive
.d Lu.i.7 .S.,1. ... .i Tria- Li X i.A n1 : d j .r trips
3 thL i-rl d *1 1/ t1.. r> c C juit. I.L s. L- weAt.i ..l rid has
ovd very .- 1 ...

h A P.' '.; s -eid in Ute P-,iic- c,.pifnld on the
:th at wiic k 1.1-- 1- r I--i Li ,. -,jivVi e VMedals
d '--; -'' .' .. 11 i. 1 acy also
ok Li. .--'" i l' 4 i L ."... 2 .: Li..- pr-..s-Q d
Pniat.L],' a-- at. t.u JciCK uA tnI dctiL i.-tisr -.J.on- cuLidlng,

A t. '*'j .ccL Prisui, d'm a 2ai'-.. nas been
lt aila ,.-t -. s3ht p i. .: r'i:,. c.U[.Lc The
ri-d 'j-: .'.', ;,a O -'3 l i- ? i t. i- tler .roL 3I'S nOW
6e a sIi...'..u '> r th IeA -iich has
S1 3 .i '. .1 .1 -3 ,. r 111 i t I- l ..' and
Qoken in Li .., [ .:. p.L.m, ..n. ,..:, tLi.; tp,, 1 comas.

i c. ..,. a c -ii.- i., -t uf bush
& bjn cut '..-,L. n ti .- n ., _...... ," .rts .. ., t small
hAs b. ..riL. t. ,i...u" -.:::- r.n 1..vulling off.

ri thi Y. Cr j,.k -.-a L.- rrz roan so6m,
f.cia 'm,; u' s .jn L1buit J.,s 1L -,''. d+,iu c&ue to


---essivelj ciry cox-diitions. nt tfh eind of tnie .irj
.on a iV Je6:S ork: o trdin g waitA iarl a-nd roliig
C It coml tLAiS ro0ad.

I~shed, I-an a- tuc )K V ra. 't.i CV tho fiist
ee ana a .... .. .ost .. o -. .7's vu 1"[K
n v 1a r n ":. .. I ju. iCIt. .10 v, o P4. y.L 0
'fa will pj u i Ja.'o o. to ,AL....." I t. i-i ..... :.. ..
r .... ,1' .o rill_,.: of o U i ,0.. ia .to ... .' d
\& ro:ild ..jil.1 aiOuld I L l.Ll r L A; L.L ... C. .P

lhe 0 '. .l- W.. -..,' u iPo I. .J i'., ;3 .a i" .,
agud LA u 1-11; r. 0'2' mulli. I U&P u0 L CtL '.. W1

.Th- 'i i .- 5 ad Jt'. C' 1e i l.~,i
n- ow cr. I,:l ; .. :. '. '.L c.' .r -,al auL:: o ahes
-h v.' it ...... ..All., -. no ,. r: ... .1.j
A l;t l 'i I I ,- % ; .' -- -j .5 -" -- M t O
ml i .. ., LA U 1sllo .: .. L .. ... .- .C i 0
) ..- -a, .i U,. o-", -..5LD .uj. 0 0 .i i .-1 I i Al '-. i .._j ,. 'p
u'ilac.i --,.I th; itHecuo. GruL .0oaa an! to ats l, .alias hivnI
0n cc,:; rLAL.

un ti.e i'-.caring Cre-A I,,. t, .i,: : -o.l vvo : i.3
-.aain a2. vu i- 1 uour' mnl 5C7 ow ar1s Ji .j Th'd
: in .L...W a f ..:L l i I OpU .- .. 10. -. .L.. i
-. 2 'mIA .- 'I .'C j.. U tUi' .; qu 1 i.i .... n IL. .-'o i -'

O t-.Lc1

,t Co(o good progre.-a has been mada on the
iri I .r..t-, i t- l, e& _.d. Iurt: ifl W-!,, M' .. :- 0."-S aL .
R1 2" '. mi *i W t -i ;c1- i I X

dj .i ; f t

Sid -ir two o' C oWL thC ele, ani ury Crk.
.erne --... o,. .:" p u ;e ,'h t. c. .-pticn .f ii..t. .. ur .
sTl-i-i ..i. tr ,-. *.", ni-._" s n.u H. ... ; m Ivv t a ,

-1 ---V1. T! l u w 10 ". v n S
I 2 .4 : :. -; .: r .<. j ...i 'li 1n llct 3lZ .... cl t*i-
d.r p:. ASn W I av .iL,, v .r ..ja' tai
--I d i .t J. _",:r.o .o:i ', .- <,e. .h...; 4-i ,.

re clsriid terl int the iureconnai nc sa e uv allowing

.. L V ... J '. r I .d *

_D i "'v' 'p.1'i .... .".: ,. ,l se Itci Ika.V2iA o-'Lin '.-Vtol a.J fl i('' l.

4iU. ; .i:21 di Q-t } T .. r j'. 2Z" '1'] ..k r77 :4j

x^ were cload e.AiLy in the mi'-,int ,.ids'6losiia;j ti^e following



Surplus brought forward from 1948 .. .. $ 66,969

I ad: True Revenue $2,387,241
C. D. Receipts 555,448
SGrant-in-,id 339,800
3 rant for repayment
of Hurricane Loan 428,74 4,711 2 ,2

Lesd: True Expenditure $2,771,437
C.D.W. Expenditure 647,194
repayment of
Hurricane Loan 42874-. .84U7,~2

Deficit at Decemour, 1949 .. .. $ 69,173

? A icuitLu'e.

v start this month with the figures we
p'Iror1isUd Lo give of peanut and ot ar yiuld on the Central
FrA. First ror peanuts&-

Tlhir- imported varieties were planted in
Stpt-mO,-r witn the following results:- Tunnessee Red".
:,'iia .Lvily Lt the rate of 1,622 los per ,cre;
"Empire Briiit," was reasonaDly satisfactory with 985 lbs
tU tlih acr., w' ile "Virginia iiite" fell out of the race
.'diti tLi poor yield of 123 lbs per acre. Seed hls Do:n
sCi...- torl planting again this year. It was int, .-.-iig _
to coai,... th- average yield of the peanuts p'linted in
Sept.-,.nir ,,i.i a second planting in lIte Octoberi this
ilt-r plt.-iLiii gave a much lower :e of 675 lbs compared. .
witn i ,i00 lio for the Septemoer plants. i'- have done
w,~li UviGn oar Red Kidney beans; over 4,000 lbs have been
solj; tU l,- y1id -in one area was dis:.4:puinting only
v :vm_-ii. t3, l Ibs to the acra, but anotLer area gave an
:v.... of u bO Ibs. We have also reap(dA good crops of
S ;iioy o^nsf, Blackeye peas and Pigeon or -r,,o p.;..:
w'; \-..i l t you hava some more figures next .,nh,.
SS~t-; potatous and y-ace are being dug now, with encourvig-
ing re. ults so f~. the first 21 holes of yams have givon
just cvjr 400 lbs. :,e are now w_:.'_-ir. hard to get the
trLe lugs w-ad stumps out of the way so that we can really
get oeuin to buSiness this.year; come people think we are
10slow id e tLink so ourselves, but we a.e making progress.

'The whether has been-keeping kind; even
j- tougi- we feel we could have done with come more rain in
Marcn w .Wr, still satisfied with the years showing so
Sf-r. It is -ncouraging to see the amount of clearing that
is gouLi o:i klnd the amount of inspection fo:r Iiketing
o.,raL iiu..n- tlint is being done by the Farm Demonstrators;
thll ioc 1 ci'r seams to be "give us the rain and we will
d.elivr tile goodsai.

A word to livestock owners: please, please
giv. trn : i trmirs a "break"; control your animals and
don't fa-, tirrnm on the farmersI crops; it ishAt fair to
ti fIrr;mr fi it speaks very badly for your m..n -gmint
of your :tock.

a L 10 -

Th ri 1.3 l t lust some Cxc2l.Lant news .bout
ou.' -_ .t .t J.1ricult.ural enomy, that wee wd'K nt;
Sthe D-,ir'-T.Ci'r of of Agriculturu got u tip when
,. h ... In Tir:.j i-. ...ry in the mount h ,n nd the results
of 01 *-.p: il' rIItTj .L ..3 hZvu bein Er iYkng rc.lntly are
I rily r,-e; Li'-n n"Je controlling ag:int is nLmea
| iirl n1 ..n jl rj (ii .ted unndr several tr:i.d n-m.3s;
It i pj-, iJ1jl'-y-' :.;rouina tie ontrance hiolas of Uhe
: jaj IL -1. iiLt .,Lc L-oorious to US s Cy inogas, nor
I i L. L uwLiji ui2 dmin;-roua to human life, we
,. iar- i.Lai'lJ.-' Lii _t Clordal-ne is the answun r to the
S"w a. :-" antl- pobi-L; it will soon be arriving in
u-oniij in qu' Ir, iy ind We. will d'monstriat its
Sus-.; t. i''or it is unfortuni:,ta tLiat sui"'-lies of
'. Cy-.6.j c ./ir .1nort recaentiy; inyrwvay there are
Sno.,,r _uol -pll- v_-.ilaole nid these will hi'lp until
S- .n .Ja U L, n i "i ..i'" hor e for Colony-widd use.




Supplement to


No. 13 BELIZE, 25th MARCH, 1950 Page 35

I'c:lit ;,fl S'.,ra t.I,, if'.s OJJic,
Bdci:e, 21.a Mlarch, 1950.

The following note on a Round Tab-e C('cnf:eiee held at Govetinment
House on tile 10th March, 1950, to discus.-. existing and future emplloyment
possibilities, is published for gen ial infoi nation.

By Command.

(o'li, niil Sc( ,tary.

The following weAe ri-pi-eseiited at the l':nieren e:-
The Executive C'uncil
The Le,,islative Council
The Developmuent Board
The British Honduras GCn.neinl \Woikel s Union
Tlhi Colonial DevelopmenA:I t C'oil position
Thie Marketing Board,
The People's C(omnit tee
The C'hamber of C'ommerce
The Belize City Council
The Belize Estate & Produce (o., Ltd.. and certain other employers
of lab )our.

His Excellency addressed the meeting as follow:--
I have called this ineetingi this : e tnriirng at the oIgft .t- l ii f a niimier of
people in older that \e can pool cu11 li lcnTldgel o and cur ilesoullC.s in
an endeavour to solve the (-eliou s : tc lil AItich aces -- Bliti-ls Honduias at. the
moment. That. is uniinpl'A I'ni lt. id t st :cinds out amlllon many of
our pioblem. and difficulties. oji liich tltee is muchi diveigence of opinion,
.as the onel wheel \e e can meet on Ct'nlInl(l gloi'nld andl ill c(lliilon endeatvour.
So this evening for a fe\\w iious ne can tdihrvoi( our selv-s lcin politics in Oider
to bend our minds to this vital piol., ni. in its toluti(,n theie %vili not. only Ie
great human halppiness, li.ut al.-.o an I. opritity to deIvelop this (ountiv on
soutd economic lines.
2. But we can decide hol\ to -lve their uniamplohi'iment prclblti
we Iliust lnow the lacts n" hch suTlnot.nd it. ,irndl 1 Il'hpe to t1e able to pieeent
those facts to, \(o now in a -hoit and :imipl- f lom.
The first point is: How many men mus11 t \ e find wloik foi?
On the 7th Malach the figures availai'le to (Cove illnent were as follows:-
Placr Tol., i
Belize ........ ... .. 744 2 on relief = 544
Not then Di-trict .... .... .... ..00 100 on relief = 400
Orange Walk District .... .... 491 100 on relief 391
\Wetern District .... .... .. ..58I 99 on relief = 481
Stann C&eek Distrit .... ... -
Toledo Distiict ... .... .... 10 = 100

TOTAL .... .... 2.41., 49 on relief = 1,916

I 1

the net total of which 544 are in Belize and 1,372 are in the Districts.
(The comparative figure for Behze for the same week in March, 1919, was 727.)
3. The second point that we must consider is how far existing plans for
development will go towards absorbing this labour force. For simplicity I will
divide these plans up into different categories and 1 will take Govern-
ment figures first. Apart from assessing the labourthat will be absorbed, I am
also giving the total figure that it is estimated will be spent on the different
projects so that in the final picture we shall have some idea of how much money
is likely to be spent in the Colony in the fairly near future. The Government
figures are as follows:-

Orange Walk
Stann Creek ....
Cayo .... ....
Toledo .... ....

Number of laborers employed
.... ........ 739
.... .... ....28
... .... 106
.... .... .. .... 46
.... .... .... .... 5 1
... ... .... 36

TOTAL .... .... .... .... 1,006 (excluding 499
--- men on relief
In addition the Public Works Dapartment expects to engaged an additional
325 men within the next two months. The value of the projects on which these
men are working, that is to say work other than normal maintenance work,
amounts to $1,271,000.
4. As you know during 1919 Government embarked on a policy of en-
couraging the investment of new capital in the Colony by offering certain con-
cessions in the way of Customs Duty drawback and income tax relief. The re-
sult of this policy has been fairly encouraging and nine projects have already
been approved for the grant of these concessions. Most of them are relatively
small, but they ail mean the investment of money in the Colony and the em-
ployment of labour.
They are as follows:-


Processing sea foods ........
Edible oil,, etc. production ....
Soap, etc., production ....
Tannic acid production ....
Tomato growing and canning
Timber operations .... ....
Banana production .... ....
Timber operations .... ....
Grapefruit sectionizing


Labour to be
.... 25 (ultimate 100)
.... 25 ( ,, 500)
.... 12
.... 15 ( ,, 200-300)
.... (not stated)
.... 30
.... 50
.... 3 i->
.... 200

.... 387

It will therefore be seen that these new projects are estimated to absorb 387
employees during the first year's operations.
5. From here I think we should pass to the schemes in which the Colonial
Development Corporation propose to embark during the course of the year.
They are as follows:-

H otel .... .... .... .... .... .... ....
Rice production (200 acres) .... .... .... ....
Ramie production (300 ") ........
Cacao (500 acres)
Joint banana scheme with B.H.E. (5,000 acres) ....

Capital Investment
(figures not available)


.... .... .... $1,733,000

Investmer t
first year


TOTAL ....

Thu i-o:<,I t'lpre.nt- ti \e t' lIas not I'.,n ab I e to plv e % a tim still:lte ot t1110
laIbour tlI-it %\ll iIni, lately ht- rii -q11ir.-i for these pr Iojects. but I wo l I place
it coni:iva tivel .at "-200. As.- i reCtids the last item ithe i- Joint Banana Si'heme).
liOi uien te .tt prt--ent eiriploy ed and it is .-stiniat d that in M-ty of this -ear
a further 20l.i will be ta.-iln ..n. while I'y 10,'5 1 it is anticipated that 1.550 men
will 1.t- employed.
i;. I w ill now tui n to oth -1r plojt: ts. 1.:th i it''i of \x Ii.h I an1 ia- tiO.ii. 1,':,el- ait ittic tI ll illn I.i, .l air:l o hler-s. (\\hichi 1 have,
iarlr. ; With an -At:lri-l ) 1an only c ol'no: into leinlg if tli- r'- .'ii-ite lo.,an capital
iS h.I thi toiniii,.:-

*Banania prod ictio- in X W.,st-e:n Dii-
ti it .... .... .... .... .... I30.I 1.1" i0 acres 200.300 laborers
lnilea.-te d ,cit p ridt.u tin .... .... 330 labourers
*Reli iltati ta ll ll -taic(li inIdi-tr1v.
6tanui Cit el> (1o_\\ 1i'ie(' 1Aamial -
titiln l t
(itlio' nsi ,ni' Stililn Cl(.-.-k .... l. .111) aciees t"
Salt (icek E>.tat.f- dv-he -qiment
(int lniUdn Ki-,nat t\.lt-iii:i, Itati(In
anid \all oi.' old Ino ti: oi-i ... .1-.!), I acres "2I) lalourer.-
"I may nitni-it n ieie tl at J w-ill bie il ('nC-ek at thie week end with Mr.
MIull-r \ho is Vice-Pie-i nIt it tl:v- M.,nilg St-t Ni.ol Int.. arnd I liope to get
sico e l 1tini (o-i tle E-t.alcli idi stl-tiy at Staln (1_'1U el;. I h O e nIt got. a
tl:it.kiown tignlite 1-:r the ('itiu- Expansii t-: entepii- e. b:it t I am inkilied that
tlhe ovrc-all cXlpan.lI>ln pi. lionlmie -hiuld npc ii .litm in ..l to 1,2','1 pe,,ople,
(lei) '. t.1i <: n .:a. -t'n l flil-.t lat ,n. I l.


,,_.o, B1,.e., I,. itl., the plans. of which are now before the Arelutects
has a C'al.pital Inve-tirieiit .1511ASI.i.I and the labour required will be 100.
F,.,r.!,o,. E.: I, ,.i. 1, also Baton Blh.s, with a capital investAiment oi' .27,000
and laiour estin mutd t 't 10.
A bg sc-lh me is tlihe cont-tiction of a new homn: C('all ie." (1. Coll_.ip at.t Mamie
Jenine. 'lli- Bi oql.,i c in ive no t-'guie at thli moment. but hope these will be
forthlicoiing at an early date.
('i,1l N. i., Ri.,." ,',,,r-Tihere are no funds available at. the
moirent. bli.t it i hi:..ed tht tihes- will also l\ie forthcoming. The capital in-
vortlilt-nt will I.e -I(:,t '.Ol and lalo ur required 25.
_':. .,l/ itt;"' .<' Bq ".. B a,1.-..'a. j ilt ti nveStment. 810il.'..1i) and iabo'.ur
estunated at 70.
,S' .1io.,I'/nij P,. i-''. N',., -ri 4':. (t1. -Ca pitlo Inve iiment S$20,000 and
lab ill le1lired li 't i .
'e t'onti al B(it'.iu v 'i.'.ji--: capitall investment .20'i ,( l (l I, labour re-
quired :'i0.
'"c.-i.,.l' li I Ri' Mill -1 r..., r I, 3 nir. B'/car Il with a capital invest-.
mclut i d.0l.i111110 a:d labouLlr iquii-d estimated at 25.
Tle-e con-tit i.,-ti, l Men t .i ie a tI-tail Capital Inve:-stmeni t of .457,(00
with ieqluii'-c lain,-i e-stiimated at i2!0 l.
T .it tl.-- wl iol. icturi.e T nin-t :ils.-I reter to the (C-olom-ln o wn lone
tulil ['Plii ot De\ eioplieiit 1x i,-l i-4~ lr-ow x til l.-i draft f 1rm 1 .in 1 whiri enllvisared
tli-- re ,teudlitii 'l t s2:.,'I'i j.r I; -,O ti. ,1k is 'It thle, d vul pielopimi lnt fre omfndIll(,ied
Iny tile Evni-;< CIoin(i,.-inin. ITiiludel in tl-e Plan is pr:)Oviion for a sinll
oi .I.0i~'.t ) Ilion a ilI vi lvi i' ti-.l tinnl a -i. t oora l an.l se ttlement.v-cit h me
ot .al:,-:tantill p- po,,ti,:n,. I think the i: is pr :i,.illy not olv- agreement t at this

meeting, but generally throughout the Colony, that this is not only the right,
but the most healthy direction in which we should develop; and the whole
question is going to be examined on the spot by Dr. Clay, the Agricultural Ad-
viser to the Colonial Office, as soon as he arrives m the Colony. He is an en-
thusiast for land settlement schemes, I understnad, and I do not think we could
find a better man to draw up a detailed scheme for us.

7. And finally, there is the Evans Commission Report itself, the corner
stone of which is the establishment of a sugar industry for the Colony. As I
expect you know, we have been pressing and are still pressing for an export
allocation of 25,000 tons per annum from His Majesty's Government on a
guaranteed price basis in order to make the establishment of this industry,
which would ultimately employ up to 6,250 people, on the figures calculated
in the Evans Report, possible. I believe myself that it would be possible to
combine sugar development with land settlement.

8. Well that, Gentlemen, as far as I am aware, indicates the schemes for
the development of the Colony which are either in operation, or which we hope
to see come into operation in the fairly near future. Excluding for the time
being the Land Settlement Scheme and the Sugar production Scheme, they are
estimated to employ quite a considerable number of men. From the above
assessment of the position it would appear that at least an additional 1,500
men will be required for those schemes which can be regarded as "active".
From this picture we must draw two conclusions, the first is that even if every
one of these schemes materializes, excluding, of course, land settlement and
sugar development, we should still have on our hands some unemployed per-
sons, and the second is that there must be a time lag before a number of these
schemes get going, with the result that we are faced with this difficult trans -
tional period, during which we must find a way of absorbing our unemployed
,and it is for that reason that 1 have called this meeting in order to obtain your
help in solving it.

9. A considerable number of very useful ideas have been put forward to
help to solve this problem. They are as follows:-
Bushing and draining of Northern Road
Widening of Cayo Road from Hector Creek turn-off by hand labour.
Improvements to streets in Belize and District towns, and dumping
up of flooded areas.
Promotion of sales of secondary hardwords.
Land settlement and development of an agrarian policy.
Cottage industries.
Co-operative rice growing scheme for Toledo District.
Building of town in connection with land settlement scheme.
Grow more foodstuffs.

10. In the main I think that the simplest solution lies along the production
of more of our own foodstuffs, foodstuffs which we at present import from over-
seas and which use up money that leaves this country instead of remaining in
circulation here to promote our trade and prosperity. If we examine the con-
sumption of some of our main foodstuffs we find that to meet our own require-
ments by local production we should liave to increase our acreage roughly as

Crop Increased Acreage required Value
Rice .... .... .... .... .... .... 3,000 8230,000
Pulses .... .... .... .... .... .... 2,000 160,000
Sugar .... .... .... .... .... .... 24,000
Vegetables, onions, etc..... .... .... .... 400 20,000
Potatoes .... .... .... .... .... 80 30,000
It is at this stage that I particularly want to bring the Marketing Board into
the picture because it can play a most important part in the increased grow-
ing of foodstuffs by offering guaranteed prices to the growers. The guaranteed
prices being offered at present are:-

11 ..
I (C'rl, Pri,': f":. 0i) lb. f;t qhiiq; i.It h..s
hRiee (pxidd ) ... .... .... 8 1 1 1 4. 11) ,i,:,rliiin to localitv
R.K. BeaIIS .... .... .... .s1"2.0 1'i. 5
SCor .... .... .... .... 2.9 )j 2.i)
Sesame .... ... .. 810.0); !. .
The B,.'d cm: also asist in in y other wayi-. 11 ,t hri il' s..- c tt ,r l with
Sthi ipo)rt,s !it.rjl Bo, rd can .trria g: for the 'i ljiu tt-I ijt o r iumprt.-i so
Sthi.t hi:m-' pro liet-'s will b'.: giv: ev-ery oppi rtir c t > ,t il-Ohpl t h-.m'elv e
in t.ho [o'.i I ii ,rk. t 0 0th1r pcoblenI s, will a 4i s. -I.t' i th *i t .i hi .I t.iati I : ln I .- tle
-ot thi pr 'i':L :ts t!lihr ugh ni)onL u l tr.i I1 cli i nel s, th,. I.. .' ;::m; oif cr'i .lit t assist
the peas-ant and sm al farmer, andl so on.
Well. Gontlemen, there is tiL) pict'tre as I s,' it. I b:-lt-ve th t if we de-
lc'3 to :onl':itltrit I cluef'l o thi ? i 1-reIse:1 pt'.lii: :.-tt,: i if :)lst.i ff.s \e cIan
-inhl halth, ppy I anI p irlt)nin t e e uplo.yvnn11t t',o in iv p,-o;pl'-. Farther-
imr'. I b li .-vo th!lt the institntioiI of s.-.tu a I)rosriu ni ,?-.M11 s.'t rf ci lin
re.i'tion which \'wil'l l'velop in n1nvy dliff,!rent lir -ti:.ts, ,t th0- leh-st of
wlhi'lh -shot1ull b)3 an IIlt.-iuit i,'.rl- se in o0 r export tra..lo.
Siini at. pr. iint aiu )it t.\\v-thirdls ,f t.'11 unellu i-lje it tho Colony are
in th e oi:;.int.ry dli.t.trijts at decis.itn to finii w )rk fi)ri t t lnl -! ti- lnI I .-,'rlun to
be the ni.tuir.l one as well as t.hi obvious one.
I will n Iow t hr v thli m.?.).tingl op In foir dis ision. I fee-l con'fid'lnt that
erv ,org.nizt.iton ropre enter li helre tlus evening n'ite li- terially to
the solution of om, .r problem: a;.in I shill grat.-tefuilly i.. a;\, ,- I.-p thit ca n be
NOTE'1. Tot-Il inv\-estnint of cpit.l iappr'.: P ntles 1I, S'I.l' n).
No inl,intion) hi-s h3an 1in le ,tf the ac:tiititites of the G(ulf Oil
Corporation a.s ;an y 1deelopment. in thit dii.:- titon dl -ep nds on ex-

L.hI. Mi.rkein.z Bor'd lan I emuphitsRi e:l the nie for in.reas.l] in:1,.-tion
..f .pleo fo ist.uffs-. For oe C1Ui e?. the, B -sr r.l iield i iuiniiumn if 31 to -!
million p :un:lis of rie p 1l v a. vuir wher-'IS the Hi. t ,ity de:lr.e'..l la ,t vea r
w,- onily a little over .t inilli)i il),n Is. Tio s n-er roiight h.i I '.r'..ited keen
lit,.'.,; .i)ig g"r.:.\rs, p-lrt.iiial rly in the nl they'd al wSte'n distri.s. and
in ':ir.l'r to a sist th' Mir-etin B :wil w\s r'.) reo : to e irr, ov.-r farmers who
r.v n\ with I).- x' l.) isi t.) Ible t,h0'n,1 to pl'x't a .,in. and hid .als inre3-,ed
tlih -. S'ntee.i-1 pri,.e oi rai-;e on 1 ,-)a. 1H- am-.: st.te t.lait tlhe Board I.a-s c..n-
t.-ni d itinz iipI )rting sl.i? in '.hiid d tipt.)an .ribt which w.-uld bIe 11 ,Il- a iI .l-
able. ivhere amt' were s.altt. b.le. f" hiring Ii'. y f.rm.u'r 31} ;j 'r.b ple.le,"ad
tle -...p t %. of Silt Cre'. k I'e iln .ti pl ,s t .)o .I:) n i r' fo)J.lstanff-s ni so
r. lic-e the i mpo.rt,-itioin', of it.) in si i:-hi rie.a n 1 b I?' 1/'. (Walsn r.m.-:\e:
the ,t'er of The B lize. E ;tit. & P)D l') e -'. of 1 l).0)) s of I lnd for a.ri-
e*.Iti.uidi pulp)ose,. ;an I I sud thi het l I,:l ier.'i : e puii:u'lit for la.nd cle .iin g,
.,rrivin' in t.h-' Coilony shortlyv, t.htt hI wit pr.) Ire.l to lot to Govern inen-t
.or the MArketing on ar'a cond.litionts. Mr. E-ptt mlile n offer to turn
hi clot.tiung. factory over to a co-opt) r.ttive ,,r'mnizition if it, ,v.I, thouicht that
such a in ive would assist in employing Inlro wIue.n in t hlie clotli'ng ilniiistry.
The meeting :appointed a XVorking Party consisting of the following:-
Mr. J.T. Thomas
Major S. 11. J. Webb
The. Hon. Mr. R. H. Eyles, B.E.W., J.P.
Mr. C. E. Betson
The H'on. MAr. J. S. Espat
Mr. N. Lewis
Mr. N. Pollard and
The Hon. Mr. C. A. Gibbs
to consider the question in more detail.
M.P. 167/50.


-rC,'..8- OF D ,VFELOr'.rliT Iii 1950
In the MArch Bulletin the British Hornduras Road
Development progr-amme .was described. This month a. brief
general stateiernt will be given of the progress of developmc
as The following Colonial Development and welfare, chen
have been approved by the 'scr.tary of State sind:c the
ist, January:-
Middlesex -Roaring Creik Road 25 000
(Interim Grant)

(3upplXmentary Interim Grant). 18,000
Mountain Pine Ridge Road 11,250
Extension of Belize Hospital 3,025
Yarborough Approach Road 16,100
Feeder Roads Part II 46,000
Crooked Tree School 6,750
Rural Dispensaries (Nurses "iiurters) 2,950
Vacation Course for Teachers 200

*D;spenser-Tutor o1,3 77
-Rural Health Nurses Training 394
Fund for Small Economic Projects 25,000
AgriculturalJ .LJoa, S aIe 25 ,000

= $724.,184
The following Schemes have been submitted to the
Jicretary of .State for approval:-
Teachers actionn Course
(An interim gr.nt of 200 has bee
1 iade) 12,000

Appointi--ment of Development Commissioner 8`500
Apyointm-n nt of Marketing Officr 7,500
Hydro-E1 .ctric Investigations 1,250

Investigation of Port Facilities 2,500

2 -

A long term plan of development for the
irawn up and is now under consideration by the
i.r the Colonies, This covers a 10 year period
i.i Colony's allocation of 600,000 under the C, Welfare Act was made) and is divided into ti

Colony has been
secretary of Sta-:
from 1946 (when
'lonial Develop.:::lt
ro parts:-

(i) The Immediate Plan, shewing expend ture incurred,
approved and proposed within the original Colonial
Development & Welfare grant of 600,000 plus the special
grant of 850,000 made by His Majesty's Government to
enable a start to be made with the recommendations
contained in the Evans Commission Report (Cmd 7533)-
(ii) A Long-Term Plan which will require the allocation
of new money over and above that referred go in (i).
The long term plan provides for very substantial expenditure,
but as it is still under consideration, no figure can be
given at present.
The Government's Development Plan is de signed t- create
the conditions in which the development of the Colony by public
.nd private enterprise can proceed as rapidly a, possible; it
:,so provides for improvement in the general living standards
.f the people. Already, however, there is ampli evidence that,
is compared with the last quarter of 1949, development by other
than Gcvernment agencies is making rapid headway.
The following private development projects have been
)proved by Government as qualifying for the grint of Customs-
id Income Tax concessions under Statutory InstFuments 53 and
^ -f 1949. These concssions have been given 4 s an incentive
t. development:-


Processing sea foods

'.ible Oil, etc.

,uap, etc.,

T nnic acid
Tomato growing
and canning

Timber operations

Lanana production

Timber* operations


These projects are
..f the first.

Labour to b

.. .. 25 (ultimate 100

.. .. 25 (

" 500)

.. .. 12

.. .. 15 ( 200-300)

.. .. *(not stated)

.. .. 30
.. .. 50

.. .. 30

.. .. 200

.. .. 387

investm ent
first year





j 30,000


100, 000


actually in operation, with the exception


The Col.nial Development Corporation has approved
the f.:lowing projects for implementation as early as possible:-

(i) Hotel In Belize $360,000

(ii) Cacao (500 acres) $973,000

(iii) Joint banana scheme with
British Honduras Enterprises $400 000

I.sC. (i) and (iii) are "live" schemes. No. (ii) will be put
in hand at an early date.
The Corporation is also considering the following
schcaus :-

(i) Rice production
(iJ) Ramie production
(iii) Livestock and mixed farming

The main new private schemes of which this Government
is ~..v-re are:-
BEnana production in the 'v-stern District -
(under consideration).

Rehabilitation of the starch industry in 3tann Creek
(under consideration by Mr. George Muller of
l.rning Star Nicol Inc.).

Citrus Expansion, Stann Creek Valley this is in
progress. The immediate plan is an expansion by
1,000 acres and an additional employment of
800 to 1200 people. Creek Estates development. This is in progress
and includes important experiments in the production
of kenaf and possibly wall board.

Tho following constructional schemes are in hand
:r urnr active considerations-

,.ron Bliss Institute, Belize
[ iron Bliss Foreshore Extension, Belize
instruction of Roman Catholic College
Civil Servants Building Loan project
Construction of Barclays Bank
t. J seph's Parish School
.,w C:nvint at Banque Viejo
.instructi n of Rice Mill and stores,
J.L rketing Board, Belize.

The Gulf Oil Corporation is undertaking a general
investigation into the possibilities of finding oil in the
1. ,ny.

Tho sale of the Colony's production of pine lumber
t. the West Indies and" elsewhere has received a favourable
b..-t since the 1st January. The mahogany market has eased
s.., ,,:t. An export trade in balsa has been developing with
Unit;. Kingdom.

But perhaps the most important development of all since
the beginning of this year has been the allocation to British

induraz o0 an export quota of 25,000 tons of sugar per
umn rom 1953. Urgent steps are now being taken by the
vewinment and other interested parties to take advantage of
,iLi op-.ortunity, which rry do more than anything else to
F.;jlrm th.e1 economy of the Colony.

S-..I'- U h.1 n th j rnr

His L:xce.llency visited the Baking Pot C.:ntral Farm and
h. ls toviel Boys' Training School in the Cayo District on the
d; And i:J. the *uest of the British Honduras Chamber of
fniz-rc- t a dinner in E,-lize on the 19th.

Dr. Satt:rthwaite, of the University of Pennsylvania
as l,-n carrying out -xploration and excavation work on an
i.nLt nc! ay sit.- at Caracol, in the south-west corner of the
aye JiJ.,;rict, and on -'rincess Elizabeth's Birthday His
1:ili ., accomy:nirda by Mrs. Garvey, the District Commissioner,
ayo, -..i the. I-riv-,t- .-cr-tary, paid a visit to the site and
.r.' ro:!~t iOtjr.-.;td in :an impressed by all that they saw. In
iE' 01 ,i. cone rn for the improvement of communications in the
lonhi, hi. -xcclijncy s particularly interested to find that
et --bl. to tr .v.:l by c r from Beliza almost to the border of
,h ' DiJitrict nmd bick, within a day.

.A sLtr nuous d.,y nded with a visit by His Excellancy and
rs. i.r,.y, .ccompanid by the Private Secretary, to the
,niii:illin-s Da.ce at St. Mary'.s Hall, Bolize.

,ro.'.rci tth .:.nd of th' month, His Excellency visited the
ritih honuirU.;s '/olurit.'.-r Guard -nrnu.l camp at Duck Runi Ciyo
.is. -' t. h; 1 t.r in- -ccted the new Administration Building
r. L 'yo, now n:.ring completion, and witnessed the Beating
f hA-tri' .t :, D -'tachmcnt of the Band of the British Honduras
clhnt.. .r r...

r.o_ rt ,

znircr..ft raov ments amounted to 76. Passengers arriving
:t..L1 3 131, dep-,rting 149. Incoming freight was 10,091 Ibs.,
UtL oin 0,t70 lbs. I:_ils handled incoming 794 lbs.
:'. -c, i n '-
UL oi ,o lbs.

,, privet c &i;zna twin-engined aircraft piloted by
r. J.C. h';iifin of, Florida, passed through Stanley
idi, d n riout.3 to o-n Jose, Costa Rica. The return flight was
d on Aprill 20th.

Sh. ir Tran.port LicenSing Authority -isued a permit
Tr .i',,.orts .-:r-o C ntro-Americanos, S.A., (T'CA) for a
,rt:r iliiht to New urle.ns direct on the 22nd April taking
,S,~;ang-rs and returning on the 23rd with 13 pi.Aongers.

Uruguayan C-4o an route from Buenos Aires to
li.i'orni. with c~rgo of 6 raca horses stopped for rfuelling
n unr..y,', ,rl 2jrd b :-fora proceeding to Brownsvilli, Te.xas.

During the month r-:cairs to th, turn-table were completed
!y th' Fublic _crks Dep .rtm:.nt. works in progress include. the
un .cin of, -t h _.rd standing for the petrol wagon and minor
|:t,"tr.s to th. runway .nd also the .ramp in front of th. h-ng.-r.
hI T'.rniinl Building is being renovated.

Th -,ir ?Trmnpcrt Licensing authorityy has granted to
r..nort..s .-cre Centro-.mrnricanos, 3.A. (TACA) and orvicio
iTri.. dj niClndur. .... (o-HRS) airline Companies, licences for
i.:tihs *: r..; .ipril 29th, 1950, to operate Schedul:d aiir
.'2l j t~. iih~ Colony.


T.tal Imports for the month of April, 1950, amounted
ou o,957.00, import duties and entry tax fetching $84,052.92
,i 9c1.14 respectively.
T,.tal Exports amounted to $850,406.00, including Re-
.p:rts zf $14,872.00; the Domestic Exports, valued at
5,534.00, are shown in the following table:-
r oduc euanty Value

A lli:.tJr skins lbs. 854 $ 1,6b9
b B-mos bchs. 3,229 2,9
Chicle lba. 372,049 366,77'
SC..cLnutn no. 59,500 5,25
l C lbs. 22,889 2,113
i C~.uine Kernels lbs. 59,900 ),719
Cei.a'r Lumber cu.ft. 33,218 60,840
it'h.Iany Lumber cu,ft 62,003 180,919
MahcgLany Logs cu.ft. 5,813 10),000
Final Lumber cu.ft. 70,569 95,639
i Cttle no. 100 5291
Other articles 3,32

$ 835,534

Total export duties collected reached $20,689.34
advice has been received that the Customs Authorities in
eturnl have declared that the traffic between British Honduras
a Chaturnul is closed to the public from p.m. to 6 a.m. daily,.
iith -rict from the 19th April.
I .r. R.K. Mason, Collector of Customs, has been granted
six r.ionths vacation leave as from 1st April, 1950. Mr. R. J.
AGb.ur.l, S1 toms Supe-rintendent, has been appointed to act
idu.- in his absence..

The Director toured schools in the Orange 'alk,
Ilrozal, Ztann Creek and Toledo district.-ry'nd took a number
otf practical te-iiching tests for candidates for teaching
IertificIte. The Inspector of Schools conducted formal
inspcti.ns in all the Belize schools. Mr.- Dadley spent a
large part of the month in schools in the Orange Walk and
Corozal districts.
On tho 14th the Orange Walk district schools Lthair
tnnu-l field day at Yo Creek. Teams from most of the oci~l
in tne ar:ea put on an exhibition of work and a joint prograr.i-ime
of music, drama and recitation, much of which reached a very
satisfactory stcindard, land there were some sports events in the
i t.;rnoc.n. The audience included the District Commissionr,
Ieambnb.r3 of the Department staff, and a large nurmbr of parents
frrn Yo and the neighboring villages.
The eloreintary schools closed for the summer holidays
on th.e 20th, and candidates for th3 Primary School and Pupil-
teachlirs' -xamination next month are now busy with their last-
Linut cramming.



3-lults of tha Ca:mbridga Exlminations h-:ld in
,vc.t'mb:r vvwrc .-nnounccd during npril. Th .rc w'r3 4o rj30;S for
ti. JJunior .grtific .t.: cut of b3 candid .ts .And 22 .u.tS out
!'f 50 for the zcnior C.-rtific:,t.. 5 lf th a.:nior wero
Sn' ''r-:d 11, thQ in Gr,.da III.

m .- mtilv.; of the Board of .duc.ticn ;..s h-ld on the 26th;
th- D _vlcpi._nt Pl-.n tor Educ:tion, -nd .pplic Tions i'cr
r-:..,nii .i.n -.f number of .riv-.t- sch,-.ols f,-r gr,
uwr,-' th!: mAin discussed.

It is scm:.tim-.3 -lleagd th-t British hondur-.s :upils do
not "t fLair sh.Lr- oi' th- schol'-rhii, w-.wrds thxt ,Ar:' ailable
[to C,-lnial students. Th i' fctS &,r.. ;'iven in a which
i t3 Ltiachad t_ -this issue cf' th-n Bull.-tin.

Tnh Tiimbir D_.v-lcpment nassoci tion in its JAinu .ry
k:vi :w sy;s. "Th- Conservato-r of Forests, British H.ndur-.s,
ih-n, rsr,!sntjd the -sssuci tin with _A finr. c.llctio-n -,f 50,
scirv 1ins .ft th ir timbers. Many uf sho.w pr,-mij cf
Ubz.-in first-class cabinet wi.cds while : .-th.-rs f-:il into the.
C..--:J r;i lighter weiht timbers. Th:. wh.l: collection
wiil tb; -f und,-ubtad viluc in the technical work cf the
.a3.3cci -ti ,n.

"Zqually -fs valuable as th- smples is th- FIcr-st
D-v;rtmcnt's Bulletin No. 1 -intitl.d "Not-3s on 42 oic.nd.ry
-;i.v:iud Timnbers oif British honduras", which giv:s very full
ini.rrmi-tiin n thu timbers most likely t, be lof commarciAl
Ii:' rt-.nca. Some of the timbers are kncwn in th. British uch is Ban-.k, pcrha;ps better kno',an as Vir.,la;
,._1. :.r, .:13 known as Roble (Tabebuia prntruphyll-a), which
i.3 .,n i und a useful substitute for plain-sawn cak;
j._L:'u-.)ta. (T.Urminalia amazonia) and aint: MAria (Caulo:hyllum
br liii .nae). Others -arc lass well knoaiIwn, but many h ..v
i .sting properties. Thsre is valuable note:. it th cand
i th- b-ck giving a divisic-n of thh timbers int- utility
icl:.,3a:3 the wei hts and particularr ,rrop- rti.s Oif the
:diI 1.r.nt w.jcds.

It is hoped that the recent rev rsion tr.
tri'.i~g f hardwoods in Britain will result in m:r.. o ur
Iusciul timb.--rs3 finding -I market -thera..

Thn staff of the dep-rtmont was ange.g:d in th-
cr.nstruction of firelines and the prepar.-ition of rl-Lnt'tion
sitL: during the month in addition to, norrrmal duties. The
:en--r.l public 'Juld be of imn__ins_-; sist-ance -At this time
*&.,Lt. eJ ainr- ci ulr .t r ttention v.iuld bf Jid._ to
pvnti1.-n cf accidental fires.. Ldst year fires ruined vast
tr..ct- uf land not only harre, but in other parts uf this
continent and in Europe. Unlike domi':, to some -y .l Ls of
propertyy, r:'cov.ry from burning of Ior:.sts is slew :ana costly.

It might be of interest to' cvnsumars of tirib.:r that
Gov.:-rnraint h-s provided for local dreands cf Fin:' lunb-r at
fixed pric.s. The demand from th- outside wo-rld f'.r c.ur
1ina is still strong n-d exporters r. g-ttinig good prices.
If loc-tl surlies :are insufficient, the Locol Lumb:r Juprlies
ICnmitt:- is h-re to- remedy what defects threi m.y bo in
-h,, but thi Comznitte3 must h-.ev d,-finitri cOmplJ'ints
'tc At ct .n. Th.i Conjsrv.Ator of For-_ts is Ch-iirr-Ln of the
Commnitt, ~.

_ _

- 7 -

C .t uJi living. Commodity prices rained fairly
l1e thr.c.ugh-.ut tt, mr:nth and the index figure of 202 on
lt. , sh:w;d no variation at the end of the month.

.... Ur':,l nt hlief. Un :ipluyment continued to
c.lin- n:l h- ic.ll wing table gives a comparison of the
L ;nc. r..r.inir in the registers of the unemployed on the ry, 1950, .nd th.30th April:-

SB-liz. Cord Or:nge tWalk CAvo *Total

Jnu.iry 1,00bo 00 491. 731 2,788 489 400 347 475 1,711

ucti-1n 577 100 144 256 1,077

liif ;ocrk is given registered unemployed men by
rtnightly shifts in rot-.tion to a total of 500 men as follows:-
liz",200 r:-n, Ccroz..l, 100 men; Orange ', 100 men; and
yo) 100 .:.n.


Thi'. Th, medical staff had's been ctrengthensd by the .f J,. J. h-l ,tinga from the United Kingdom(soe last mo-nth's
1 .tin). Ther.e n,-w rmrn.Lins one vacancy to be filled, that of
side t s..i=-On, .And ffu.rts are being made to fill it as crly

S -.-ur r.i-mbrs ot the Nursing Staff were gramntd well-
irnd v'c.Ati-n l. 1v:;, whilst there were two trincfers between the
lize -nd Funt:i Gord-. hn.spitals. One Student Nurse successfully
ompl :d hc-i c-.ursi. in -naral nursing and midwifery.

isit o .va o cn i st Owing to the large number of
ol-I who ir-.uirjd attention to their eyi-s, the department was
ble t bt-iin th- services of Dr .. D.U. Degazon, Ophthalmid~
rg.on tLachmd to the Medical Department, Jamaica on
cc.d-rnt f..r -: rerind uf threc weeks. This has/bx=a a great/proved
;on to the I-ublic nd the department intends to arrange for
e visit Lif _n EyE 6paci.list to this Colony twice yearly until
t yt. its cIwn Opnth.lriic Surgeon.

UiICEF .,ssistance for Mlaria Control. The United
,ticnj Intirnaticnal Children's Emerg.ncy Fund have generously
onrt-,d rnt.:rials .nd equipment to the extent of U.S. $22,000
or a Lwo-y-ar cam-A.ign to control insect-borne diseases,
Uticui-rly Mal.-ria, in this Colony. The campaign is to
onsist c(. the r :sidu.l spraying of avery house in the Colony
ith D.D.T. twice a year for two years. This is ah expansion of
v wo-rk _lr:Ady startJd last year by the department.

The first consignment of materials for the campaign,
including 30,000 ibs. uf D.D.T., arrived in mid-April. Dr. Owens,
anitary g'ngin.:-r Att.ched to UNICEF and Mr. vila, Sanitary
nspictor in D.D.T. work, arrived also- in mid-April to
assist in th: organization of the campaign. Mr. evila is on loan
;. i~ djf .:rtr.-:nt for t a months and this was sponsored by the
'n ;j1mric.jn 6anit -ry Bureau and World Health Organization through
f,-ii. .gir.l-i uific fcr Central America.

,cc;ii-nied by the senior Medical Officer and members of the
:ItInit..ry jt-.ff, Dr. Owens and Mr. Avila visited all the Districts
in tih. Culony and the preliminary work in connection with the
, c.:mpaign w' -s undertaken.

l -velopment. and Welfare Grants. Information was received
SJuliniiL the mri'nth that free Development and Welfare grants were
prr.r-v:d by the Development and 'Ilfare Organisation, West Indies,
f-.r the training of:-

(2) two Nurses in Venereal Diseases at the Caribbean
M-,dical Centre, Trinidad.

(b) :nr Laboratory Technician in Public Health Bacteriology
at the C.ribbean Medical Centra, Trinidad.

(c) one Nurse in Public Health Nursing at the Public Health
'raining Station, J.lumica.

S. u:-rplementary grant of $11,680 was approved in connection
:With wi D 1020, Establishment of Dispensaries in rural areas;
thJ ,i. inil grant was $100,000. Three dispensaries wore put up
i.-t ..:. -i another three will be erected -this year, one
. .ih .t BArr'anco, Monkey River and Stann Creek Valley. Negotiations
.- iLrs 3 t Barranco and Monkey River are already under way.

Th. new Out-patient Department for Belize Hospital was
c.:i,'.l.t.- .t the and of the month and is already in use. Funds to
th .;:t.nt .-of $12,100 were made available for this purpose and for
t ~giW Vr'3ijn of the old Out-patient Department into a female
w...ii un. -r a Development and Welfare grant scheme D 1290.

2c.J Cross Misp Whittington, Director of the Overseas
Br-xnch :*-' tne red Cross Society, who arrived for the purpose of
ai- istin in the opening of a Branch of the Society in this Colony,
visit_- Ic- .ocls, rural dispensaries and child welfare clinics in
:Ci,'.,, BEnqu:, Viejo, M skalls, Roaring Creek, Gales Point, Northern
JistL'ic-L .I.L_ Belize accomp-.r:i,'. by the Senior M e.izJ Officer Cor
ori,1 ..J :.'Lje3r cf the staff. ,' /

cur of InnQection. The Senior Medical Officer
:acc.;,l n .-l by the Senior Sanitary Inspector made a tour of
in -cti~.i of the Cayo District and the P.W.D. camp at Roaring
Cr;'-:, ..ccmpafnied by two ime--bers of the nursing staff, Ambergris
I.y. nI Ciyu Caulker were also visited and the sick attended to.

ete-arl- ?iVal
T'L ra,-infall in Belize for the meonb of April totalled
'2.26 iich-,.s. The rainfall for April, 19A49 was. .03 inch. -

Ti!- average l;n.ximum t .- pr.ata. was 35'. and the
,-. i,.iiim,,um 09.2 degrees. The highest ~~merature was
ri.:.:-~;.i v.. the 4th .:hnn the thermometer iregist-rd 90 degrees.

licF ce.

Ti.- P.ulice Rifle Club has been formed and the
uibsucrii ior:i :.iA.e up. The affiliati-on fcrm has been sent off
t,: tL. itiL. 1:'l Small Bore Rifle association. The range in the
ULc.C C ..iip..u:ud is to be inspected by me-ters of the ex cutive
C .l::.l r.ri,.r to granting a certificate cf safety.,.:r horse was purchased during the month and has been
nia. ""E' ttl field". it the time of publication of this report,
:~ a u -in. "a lruti S, f V If, e .J. Itohrchr. W2 01Y od^ in"
e Ji''.- .: th.i F'orce.

- 8 -


EBl.ze Prison. The bush in the Faber Road irea has been
cut. Th: h one Park Sports Field is bing gradually cl.,:.r d of
3.ur -r 'ss und is being levelledx off s much as possible. During
th. .i.~ ,h .ne prisoner receivaxd a copy of a lett-er from H.R.H.
Frnc..s lice of thlone and another from H.iE. the. Governor
t-.j'lkinL,: ir. for his carving of the Coat of arms of the University
of the. Indies.

Grcie Rock Prisbn Fa-rm. We have now cut a 14 foot
trick ,l.i..,t 2 miles long through the bush to the Sibun River.
It iL hopc. that we will eventually be iblo to lay a pole c-r
tr.,2.k t.. wh -t will be our are of fertile land. In tha vevnt of -
it b-in t. chnically imnpossible to lay 4 track then a road will
b. built. In either case 4 gre-t doeal of labour will be
r,^uir. L,. level off and bring swampy areas up. Th:. :ara where
'.: .ill st:.rt farming is at present in h :.vy bush and it will
t.i: s:...ti.-o to clear. We hope to start vw-ry shortly on this.
a, r. c.rininuing with the clearing of the actual pine ridge
surr:.unliinr the Prison Camp itself. ill prisoners have now got
.- r[,ttr:as on their bunks and are supplied with sandals r.ade
frL; r.niad truck tyres. Both these articles are manufactured
at Pzliz FPrison at minimum cost.

'hul ic w. rkj.

In the Feeder Roads programme, the earthworks for the
L..uisvilll to Patchakan, Ro-d have now been conplted with a thin
1,.y:r --i :..-Lrl spread with carry-all scrafe.r. The road through
the vill.:- is being graded by the grader prior to surfacing

Tii. earthworks on the ban Antonio to Yo Croek Road are
bin pu-d.. Trucks areo cn:.a..-d in running material for a four
f.ct fill tU be made in a svj.:. near to the river (approximately
bOO f-:t lr;g). Grading has also helped t- groat d.:al in lifting
tLZ ldw pl .ets. This road is now b:ing used by the people of
a~n ,intoniv in preference to the original bush trail.

The bushing of the Louisville to San Victo'r Road has '
be-n coi:..l,-ncd and has reached a point approximately l miles
biyjnd z-n r ..-rciso.

ue- to the severe dry weather there has been no final
iur'-.cing on any of the fE.P?,r roads. All rnmchin.,ry has been
[:cIC..ntrat--d on 'earthwc.rks irv.:r. v ponaible

.t start has been made on Part II of the Feedr R~oads
prcgr..ama by starting work on the Never Delay road which branches
off the3 Cay.o ioad near tha 58th mile post. 4 men are now
cnag'.d Ln this work. and the necessary camps to accommodate them
Lvw bean constructed.

.,t present there are 507 labourers employed on the
ioarin. Cr-ck-Middlesex Road. Bushing and cutting down of large
traes h.As been completed for approximately miles an. earth-
wcrk in low embankments for approP-t :tely 1 miles have been
co0mpl:.t *n advance camp has been established at the Caves

.10 regards Relief Works, the earthworks on the Yarborough
Bypa.3 have now been completed. On the Hector Crsek Road,
:arnroxirmLatly three miles of shouldering is now comple-:to.

rli*3f works ar, still being carried on in the Cayo,
ilrz.-2l ..:nd Orange talk areas, chiefly on the bushing and

'' -I c _-sL----

Th,: administration building at Cayo is rapidly nearing
cunpl1tion., The clock has been installed in th-2 tower and is now
'1 or kin ..'.

The new Out Patient department at Bolize Hospital has
b..;n coilplated an-i was put in to use on th 30Oth ork on the
;xtra fi.mrale accormodation wh3re the old Out Patient -deprtiment
w,, situated is now in hand.

bight houses are now more or less complet, in the Belize
Housing Schemo, although difficulty has been expekienced in
*. ttin- certain sizes of tiibenr.

Vfork on the construction of the new gara;..' ~n. extension
to Jtor-'s in the Public "Works Department Yard is now in hanId.


Belize transactions 6@;tbhg Savings Bank during ipril were::

Deposits $42,975 (March $72,862)
Withdrawals $37,980 (March $42,517)

Since the beginning of the ya::r, Deposits havo exceeded
Swithir-jwals by $58,931.
During the last two months the Police have brought
b.r;fer the Magistrate two cases of illegal dealings in United
ot. ts currency. IMr. R. Baber was fined $250 on the 9th Fiebruary,
1ic50, r-r the sale of a United dIraf!t amounting to
U.3. : 2000 while .".. I.A. Pommells was fined 1p.I0 on the 27th
L!r'cli, i950 for purcmhasinr- the draft. The rroplr course to be
ijll.1 when a prison .-ceiv-s a U.S. draft is to pass it
u w.uj, one of nl: i'ddK2 ':C;raj v... d O i*
i1j.i-j in the Colony. X

n diagram has been prepared to show the trend of
;5xrui'.j this year as cof.; irid with 1949. The bulk of the imports:
Jhuvwni unl-:r Sterling. and soft currency areas wont to the United,
.1r. dori .Lnd Jamaica. :
4 i

- 10 -

Sharhin_.a warded in the Colony

It has been for some time the declared
clicy of both the Secretary of State and colonial
: -,rn'rntnts to appoint local officers to senior
.. t.;., and, by giving scholarships and study leave,
t,, ~~,vide training so that prope-ly qualified
l,.,1 officers may be available for promotion of
thi; i:ndo It is worth .;ile looking back on what
,-,L b--n done reGcntly in British Honduras to carry
.ut th-.t policy.
Scholarships have been awarded from
1 --l funds, from Development and Welfare funds and
ifrr.i :ther sources; and in one case by a private
Lbeanf-ctor. The list that follows gives details
frrim 1944 till the beginning of 1950. It is an
ii!ir.s sivs one, and worth studying. It will be seen
thlt 2j scholarships have been given on the medical
L medicinee proper, laboratory work, pharmacy,
nursing, and sanitation), while one other medical
school :rship has been approved. In Education there
h .-ve bcen 7 scholarships to the United Kingdom and
"j' t- .ching ones to Jamaica. There have been 5
Folic: scholarships, 5 in Social Science, 3 in Labour
aiiia ,and 2. for various other purposes.
The total number of scholarships already
w-irdil-- is 95~ an average of 15 a year; of the 95,
44 -:- for long courses of from two to six years.
Of the six scholarships under consideration, one is
for a long course.
The total cost of scholarships given or
proposed is estimated at $163,186 ($73,530 in
respect of employees of Government); of this
$71,179 ($51,165 in respect of employees of Govern-
ment) comes directly from the United Kingdom in the
form of Development and Welfare grants, $6,248
($5,845 in respect of Government employees) from
private benefactors, $71,459 ($10,445 in respect of
Government employees) from local funds, and $14,300
($6,075 in respect of Government employees) from
official sources in the United Kingdom, e.g. British
Council and Colonial Office.

27th March, 1950.

~i-*--- I I ~g

Nature of Course

1PQ4 1 Veterinary
1 dicine
1 Forestry
1 Nursing
1 Laboratory
2 Sanitation
1 surveying
1 Handicr'aft
1 Pharmacy
5 Teaching

1945 2

l4o 1

Sc ience


Medicine & Surgery
Nur\ ing
Nursing -
Income Tax

MUa icine
Sa nitat ion
Income Tax
Social Science

1 Do:.-;.stic Science

1 Domestic Science
1 Labour
1 Social Science
1 Police
1 EZ.i'l-tion

1 Nursing
1 Sanitation
1 Medicine
5 Teaching

1 Education
1 Education
3 Social Science
1 Labour
1 Aviation
1 Agriculture

4 Teaching
1 Surveying
2 Police
1 LAw

Source of Award

Private donation
C.D. and W..
I1 It II It
C. D. and W.
& local funds
Local funds
C. D. and W.
11 It It II
Local funds

British Council
C. D. and W.
C. D. and W.
Local funds

C. D. and W
L;.cal funds

British Council
C. D. ,nd W.
11 II It iI

Local funds

C. D. and W.
& local funds
C. D. and W.
C. D. and W.
II II It 11i
Local funds
C. D. and W.
& Carnegie
C. D. and W.
II It 11 i
II I It It
LocUal funds

C. D. and W.
British Council
C. D. and W.
it II It It
Local funds
C. D. and W.
& local funds
Local funds
C. D. and W.
Local funds

Length of Course

$ years
6 years
6 months
6 months

2 years
10 months each
1 year
6 months
6 years
3 years each

1 year
1 year
$ years
3 months each
4 months
1 year
14 months
22 months
4 years
6 months
9 months
3 years each

1 year
1 year
5 years
9 months
9 months each
3 months
1 year
3 years each

3 years
6 months
4 months
4 months

14 months
4 years
9 months
1 year
3 years each

1 year
1 year
6 months each
6 months
1 month

4 years
3 years each
1 year
1 month each
4- years


Nature of Course

1949 1 Handicraft
(Woc iork)
1 Surveying
1 Labour
1 Sanitati on
1 Journalism

1 Nursing
4 Teaching

1950 1 I'L ic ine
1 Fi -",.:.rv
1 Librarianship
5 Teaching
2 i. :.i ng
1 Laboratory Training
(Tie lical)
1 Income Tax

Siurce ,:f AvrJtrd

C. D. and W.

1I 11 !1 it
1t ii i i 11

Colonial Office
C. D. and W.
Local funds

Local funds
C. D. and W.
C. D. and W.
Local funds
C. D. and W.

Length of Course

2 years,

1 year
3 months
9 months

1 ynar
4 years
3 years each

5 years
9 months
3 weeks
3 years each
3 months each

4 weeks
1 year

The following awards are under consideration:-

Nature of Course

1 Commerce
1 Customs
2 Li-,lical
1 Farm Prison
1 Public Health

Source of Award

C. D. and W.
It II II it


Length of Courae

3 to 4 years

4 weeks each
2 weeks

10 months

4 4:

4~f --- 3


I- -,-. 4.~

de i : i: : ~- ...... ;1 ~i ~ 2

:,:' :,, !' ,
1 :'I: ,::

:' :,*,;" ..

:o**;. -..._.-
^*.: .*"^..-. *, i.'
ED -.,; .-,' .

.. ,.

S:. .
,',.: .. .


i"-,. ., -
*c,. ,,;

R ; '-.:. ",.': .-
,1 -
'"I -
;;. .

.; ,- .


MAY 1950.


e :,' -, *. *. .: ,* *
'" ...... -* i ". ,' *'* "' '" '- '" "** '*''

t' : ^ **.- ": "" ^* ; ""*' 'y ":' ." ,"*. '. "' : ." -''.-
..L .

..., ::.. .... ., '. P. f in e .b .,te Go i e rn .ent .Prin er. : -

; ':-. ''.t "" i ': ,':r ,.. : "'* ; '- -"; '. : .- ." ... '. "., : ': '*'' '" '.... -. .. t *
: .: .- :..".' ,". .w : ^.. : -, .: .: ':- ; ; ^ ;, ^ ;'V, *' .. ; ..' '
.oo, :.. .. .. .: .... ..
., ." : ;. -'.:. ? .. .. ,,,. ,.. .. ,` .: :. .' .. ..:::' .. .
i: .. -, : -' '- t4. ,. .. ,.. -- : ,. .
~ o ': -' ", ., .. .,' ... > ". ,' ",: ..% ',



: \:;

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:i: ..~r

r r



.. .....ST: TTO D .. .S 'I .; :I : i... IT 1'%, .1950

Li.;to- Ecl D '," Tr;i.i~-.i Sc",oc.l
L report by Major V.C. Underhill of the Salvation
Arr:', ,aer of the Listowel Boys' Training School follows.
Tip.: il'u1stroations are from photographs kindly lent by
i jcor vi erhill.

.. ...... .

General view of the grounds and buildings.

The School which is situated on E: I-; Pot Central
Frn.ii i;n the Cayo District, near the Belize River, was
o ff-'icicly re-o.,e.ned on December 3rd, 1949, but the first
five boys w.ere ,,cived about a wieek before that to
facilitate th~e closing of the Corozal Juvenile Prison.
The management is in the hands of the Salvation Lrmy,
operating under agreement with the Government of British
Full organization of school activities has had to
be gradual. .A good deal of time was taken up during
the first weeks in general cleaning up, transporting
and re-assembling of equil: mcnt, much of which was in
storage at the Airport C,-,.i1,, Belize. Much of the
former equipment, such as c'ini-: tables and chairs, beds
and school desks, ,were antiqcu10Lted and worn out and had to
be replaced.
The Day School programme was started with
regular classes on January 3rd.
The Staff is as follows:-

Manager Major V.C. Underhill

hatron who is also
nurse Mrs. Major V.C.

Head Teacher Captain E. Pike

- Captain B. Harris

Assistant Teacher


Home Officer Lieut. C. Syi.on-ic.
Gives general oversight
at meals and rccrcation,
T',.cs duty to relieve
House Officers.
Physical Training,
IHandicrafts, Music,

C rp:ntry and Wood-
working Instructor Mr. Ira Pascascio
Instructor Mr. G.A, E.i,il--.rd.

The two latter also take duty as House Masters.

tailor will soon be required but as old clothing
s :.till being used up, no tailoring has been necessary
|mtil no,,
Regular classics are now being held in addition to
1hur.? spcnt in school. Seven boys have been selected to
:kc C,,'rp,-ntry Tri-ining. Tailoring and Handicrafts will
~, cl .s soc-Yn is is practicable.

Planting and gcncr-l Agriculture will start as
soorn weather permits and land is being prepared for
this purpose The Department of Agriculture, whose
hadsdquirtrs are nearby, will assist in this direction.
Evcniing Classes are taken by ircrbcrs of the
at.J.: irn turn.

Sleeping blocks, Hospital, Staff Quarters.

The type 6f boy being committed to the School now
is definitely more out of hand and harder to manage than
Sny the Management has had before yet the response to
the discipline of the School has een mowr encouraging.
L'.ck of education is shocking in that a considerable
nuibLr of boys up to 16 could not read or write and no

ptm'isnh-ient is kept at a minimumm but discipline is
mncirit-inicd by reduction of privilce-s and forfeiting of


More recently the "Mhrks' system" has been started
.:,i Coi*Deptition between the two Houseo fosters good
S_-,viur. A special privilege is grin the wi-iin:
'Hous. It is gratifyi : to know that two of the older
1l:o:.-, ne a particularly difficult boy, recently obtained
f .l.-I. r : ks

Of the 25 boys received to date, only six were
Ion-:r boys and none of these had been at the former
I.-.- l :. long when it was closed.

health is considerably better with the School in
th!. 1: location. There are some cases of malnutrition and
-ch.:1 .re being treated medically and by extra nourishment.
Sr;,, : the worst cases already o how increase in weight.

The old Public road running: through the School
C....-:d is a nuisance. The ease with which people,
I.--. ..i-n and the general public can enter the grounds
-- eaty to phc problems of oversight and the
--. on. of undesirable visitors. It is understood
I:.,e Government is talking action to declare the old
cr. osed, since it is unnecessary now that the new
,, ad to El Cayo is open.

The proximity of the Lelize river would help us
1-- if a pumpJing system were available, Later when
: are started, it will be essential. ":. river
,,i.l:' r.lso prove to be an excellent source of recreation
I: h-'ing for the boys but the bordering on
-: -lands are very steep and uns~s'a It is planned to
:i poultry on a large scale but hero again we are
:. I-r_-d by the need to conserve water.


Dining and Recreation block, Staff Quarters.

Ki2 r -,.'-rn]]7 t ..;, O -,', LC- r, .

At the invitation of the Honourable Mr. C.,.. Gibbs!,-:r of the Belize Lstate and Produce Company, Iis
E::.:1,i:ncy visited the Company's Estate in the Hill Bank
Sall.o, Jug area on the 8th and cth 7'-y. His Excellency
w' tc-:h.' the loading of Railway trucks at the new

Ih 4 -

S-r-'..ii.':r saw the felling of a large mahogany tree
.,:d ,-.--:i.-i "a section of railway which is under
co.ut.':i.-.,. At Gallon Jug the s omC.ipans C.C1;-isary
:i"Ii .clI.:1.. the Police Station and the dispensary were
t:-c-.i::,- .-.d His Excellency was shewn the fruit and
v ,:-.: .1-, G-rden of one of the Foremen. On his return
i,:,l',::- :_, ielize the Governor visited Mr. Andrew
I': -:.:r'' .:. mill, and the new rural dispensary at

...cut the middle of thie month His Excellency
v:'.. i:,-. ; :' ie Rock Prison Farm and the Salt Creek
L.- : :. !IHssrs. eston Brothers and on the 23rd
';. ..:-i: f.- a tour of the Coast in "Patricia".
:.: ..- ;.: !. cy first visited Caye Corkcr and San
F- c. (..'. rgris Cayc), where he inspected the Boy
S.:.:. 1 C., itnessing team displays and a
: .. ..emonstration. "Patricia" thcn mdec south
:: o-,-, where Lis Excellency visited the town
v:' -r. ,i -.. .;.i... plantati--ons, and was prcsentcd with
: ,,-.- : of Loyalty. On the 25th May, accc .-: '-ied
1:' .-...rab Mr. C.L. We stby and the Acting
i. ':,' C.- iomissioner Toledo District, His TE--:,clcncy
:tr:-.. :. the "Shrimp" u the Sarstoon River as far
!.: .1.-- il-j- ::.-sh Honduras Guatemala bou' -ir stone at
... .. .-- } ,
H lency; th;- Governor of Poptun and Sefor LArvalo,
emals Ii' .. ster for iAriculture- iwho is a brother
hc Pr:l:. i.t of Guatemala.

T';._: i-,-'_lowing day His :-l.cllency visited San
iio t l! C.ttle La-nding Area, and in the evening
H d the !,'-ri market ,which has been built from funds
idc'd i, tki. Baron Bliss Trustees.

On '.,,: return journey to Belizee the Governor
6 at ir. loses Ramclam's sawmill at Dillwater on
tinto L-:recLs Lagoon, and paid a visit to the town
nil:c Rivce-. is Excellency re:tri- d to eclize
c cri of the month.


.ircrrit :,ov.-:!,-, i.ts totalled 78, with 158 incoming
flgers an 175 outgoing. Inward mails weighed 702
s anI. ct.txjard 266 pounds, while the figures for
:ht ic-r'c :01C pounds inward and 343 outward.

Totel imports for May amounted to ,731 533 and
t Dutic:c and Entry Tax derived therefrom 0. 113,82C.96
,E .-'S respectively.

I Total Exports amounted to 087,3'" including Re-
s of ..2,281.

Priricilal Domestic Exports are shown hereunder:-

- 5 -

AIl.- 1 tc S::i.ns1 1,326 Ibs. ,272,911
E.r.n.;.. 2,573 bchs. 1,921; 43,600 no. 2,165
F1'.. 1,475 lbs. 231
C'.. L.. r 2,061 cuft. 5,334
i- 5 c- ,ft. 3,292
SL .c:. r 2,105 6,639
L .-.. 49,932 cu.f t. 55, 87
0.. i- : 728

.79 108

T:,::I L:--ort Duties collected were $1,295.89

S.-:_ i:..,: issue of the April Bulletin the schemes
r i I-.--.. --cion of Port Facili.ties and the Teachcrs'
V- ::,.,:-. : : _,avo been approved. The following new
..:. :-- .- -.. submitted to the Secretary of State

C- ill False Creek Road 15,250
; a Regalia Road 44,750
1 -. "rveyor 4,6 -00
1 ie.-d Improvements 1,225
..:i -.ation of the Social
are Dep.-Lnt 25,805

r C,::.,..-.: .:cc has been set up to investigate and
Tr!:- rc,' :.. ,,:., _o.' as to the functions of an Agricul-
til 1 L .. i. v-h.i would administer the grant of
i25,C0( .:" .. -. ricultur-al Loan Scheme.

T" I-:;:.- rnment's plans for the organization of the
Su I I:.'..- s co'muni.cated to the Board. It
w.:2 i..... : a Company or Corp: orction in which
p.,i.'-.-_- _-,*_.:-.- i~ :, Is we Jld be given the Dpportutnity to
itlV.'.i T i -- C:',->,y woul' u:idertake the production of
nt ..: -n :,000 tens of sugar per .'.'.,. Tb.:
St; -:.r I- -i:.. o..i,'er consideration by the Secretary of State.

D ,- -tc C,-. IL j.o c-i\s1 CP;f.- 1r,:.

Ti-: -c.:"id Conference of District Commissioners
w:,- lI:l 1i i, '!'.: Council ClI .I:er, Belize, on the 22nd
N1:';, i :. --r ,:.: ,-"._.irmanship of the Colonial Secretary.
ThIt ,L:1:' ; D':;.i j '..sioners expressed their thanks to His
E::,:.-:l :..- :: jo i--_stituting the Confor-- ice and for bringing
th.- .:.:._ ,;: r t discuss their problems in the capital.
T'-:-- f..:li: '.;.-..' -d already derived much benefit from
th.: i i,:i .t iiec L ing.

Ti'Pc -,.:!-.via included items dealing with office
st:if, 1.i.r-.- :n.n of work during Dslcbrct Commissioners'
abi..r:.:s :.n ic:.~,r communications ayd proceduree in
ref .:rI-'i- i.rit ,:_- for decision by the central government.

'Tl; C,.Li:rence met the Social Development Officer
(,~: b-:.1 cu u.n:-r "Social Welfare'") _is Excellency attended
a. i tool: i:c. rch.;r for a'discussion on the unemployment
p'rlc.1 ir. ii t-, districts.

- 6-

Edj uat ion.

lr. J.W. Forrest, M.A., Director of Education,
lf't i: Colony on the 5th May, on six months vacation
luc'v. ir. E. Brown, Inspector of Schools, was appointed
to.ct *:t Director of Education.

!1r. J.L. Nicol, Educational Adviser to the
Ccriltr:ier for Development and Wclfare in the West Indies,
pjrid short visit to the Colony from the 16th to the 19th
Ml,,. discussed with the Acting Director of Education
(and th.: Supervisors various educational matters including
thc tri-i-Ling and examination of teachers and pupil teachers,
-the i:::'ling of Rural Science, school books, etc, Accc' :.c--
by tl-: Acting Director of Education, Mr. Nicol visited Cayo,
ithi ;,_ri-cultural Station at Baking Pot, the Jubilee Library,
-ard tc E.elize Handicraft Centre. The newly erected
Tt.lui.i:-l School was inspected.

The Acting Director of Education held a conference
witi the Supervisors on the 8th May. The Primary School
Certii r::te o;::.:-iri-:,tionswas held on the 1st May, and the
Tea:-.hTri' and Pupil Teachers' examinations, from the 2nd
|tc, tli,: -1th May, inclusive. The number of candidates was
1the l.r -.cst on record, there having been 518 for the Primary
$Sch,-.l Certificate and 251 for the teachers' and pupil
teac},'s -:::.c i nations.

The second Vacation Course for teachers in Indian
vill .:::. which is being held at Yo Creek in the Orange
Wal' Listrict, began on the 29th May. Thirty selected
ltech'i-. are attending. The course is being financed by a
.Cclici- ial Development and Welfare grant.

It was announced by the Resident Tutor for
:tr; Studies, that Miss Marjorie Wilks, British
PHi:.l;.i, Scholar for 1949, has been accepted by the
nivri--ity College of the West Indies, for the Medical
cour~. Miss Wilks will enter the University College
in OCto":r.

The local Advisory Committee for Extra-Mural
Stu.:'-s recently to consider the programme of
COiLI".. for the next session.

The Labour Officer attended the Third
Cocfermice of British Caribbean Labour Officers, held
at the offices of the Development and Welfare Organization
inE L:u-.: os, during the period 16th to l'th May. The two
rtv\icvi: Conferences were held at Trinidad in 1942 and
in r i:.; os during 1946.

The topics discussed included a review of
itr.'itrial relations and problems arising therefrom,
ei'.:i:t and unemployment trends, labour and social
St:Cs1.; on, apprenticeship and training, cost of living
an .. L--: statistics, administrative matters relating
to t!. t-ploy:e.:-ii: and welfare of emigrant workers,
ard v. service problems. 'Th-e findings of the
oii-r-i',e are being submitted to the Secretary of State
ar: 1: t'he Governments concerned,

- 7 -

On -::he 27th May the total number of persons
registered:. cs unemployed in the Colony was 1,928,
Sitribtr ;,-' s follows:- Belize, 553; Corozal, 500; Orange
all:, 417-' and Cayo, 458. Relief work was given by
tortniihtl-- shifts in rotation of 200 men in Belize and 100
n each of ; the three Districts. The index of living costs
prep:cred .i the 1st June was 201, a decline of 1 point
4s compared xiith the figure of 202 on the 1st May.


Ti!e Senior Ucdical Officer paid visits of to the following places during the month:-

Salt Creek Estate
Grange Walk
Roariig Creek Dispensary
Fearing Creek and Never Delay P.W.D. C!ris

02 U1'.y 4th, Miss Shaffer, UNICEF representative,
aid -., si: to the Colony to discuss with the Senior Medical
Xfi:-er_ p-rogramme for the feeding of the school children
cith ssiS Li-ce from UNICEF.

The- r, infall in Belize for the month of May
called .25 inch compared to .84 in May, 1949. The
ierage na:i!;lum temperature was 89.4 degrees; the average
.inmun 71.'l .egrees. The highest temperature was 93
grees on -i.he 27th. Everyone is now watching the skies
iou 31:,' .


iTr. A.L. Abraham arrived in the C'oony- on 2fd.
by to fill the appointment of Superintendent of Police.

i? E::cellency and the Executive Council Members
Spe:-tt-.:l the Police Miniature Rifle Range on the 4th May.
1s E:cellency and other members took part in some practice.
subscriptions have been collected in Belize and the entry
articulars for the National Small Bore Rifle Association
lspatched. The rifles are hoped for early. The Annual
:sktry Course was fired off this month. Practice will
omence imrijediately for the Caribbean Police Contest.
e three highest scores for 1950 were: P.C. 197 Lynch 96,
Cpl. 1S Williams 95, Sgt. Gordon 94.

The Folice Fleet was increased by the addition of

The Superintendent of Police and Assistant Superinten-
nt Strey made a quick tour of the Northern C(yo and Stann
eek districts where the Superintendent of Police was
Introduced to as many members of the Force as possible and .
tmbers of the public. Toledo will be visited with other
astal st-tions as soon as practicable. Sergeant Major
shial' an-i Sergeant 85 Fuller have both. been cited for
rses in England this year and will be leaving shortly.

F- --

- 8 -

Public Wo1rl:'

lr-o.ress on the Feeder Roads continues to be
s& isf:-.:i:cr-. Bushing has now been completed on the
S:t:L.t.1n I:.tueen Patchakan and San Victoli Earth works
1-,- ini ;.i:-i on the section Louisville to San Victor and
Src,:Tim -,L-- ly 21j- m3ies have been completed. Earthworks
,on t, -: Cfeek San Antonio Road at "nio junction with
th- i; ,:.f -'..vr are 2/3 completed. Work is about to be
:tr:ti.. .:I '.he Feecer Road between Buena Vista and

OCi ,he Roaring Creek-1Iif':ilesex Road bushing and
feJ.lli i. i ;::-- cc..-.leted for approximately 6 miles and
E:ti,'i.rl!:- for 7,000 feet. The Sub-base was completed
f'ar -_,C,'0 feet on the main road and appp:oxi atc ly 1,500
f.:-;i- cl'. ; ,. feeders. Culverts have been started.
F,:'.-]. ..cil: continued on the Never Delcy and Hector
Cr ....: 'Coadi nd in the Belize, Cayo, iange Walk and
C:. .:. 1 Di;:ricts.

TI-': Administration BEil:li;.j,) Cayo, is now
,:r,.".,,- ',:-. i-n,:. the demolition of the old building is about
:o ?i:.-rt, .o be followed by the deviation of the road
c-,'.tinj 'the Hawkesworth Bridge with the Benque Viojo

i-: niew-- rraz"w'w VT d hic.'hzn l recently was
occu.,i'.i: b:;- t:lie Out Patient's Department, has now been
comrplt,--A'ld : the Belize Hospital,

SIn th-3 Belize Housing Scheme nine houses are now
c~cui.lrte d cight more are framed up and well in hand.
Thl-e Drector of Public Works and Executive Engineer
,?id -:iij.'- 'o the Stann Cicek and Toledo Districts
i, ."-"i,-: oads and Work on the rcconstruc-
tiCj .:ro.. cil':sing of the main street in Ptnta G-rcia has
bEil t1 in 1Ie.. 11- colacing of Burns Ave-nue in the
tc'~w of E1 C:.--o has been completed. ,Workl o the new
qu.:rori. fc.r tihe Livestock Officer at Baking Pot has
bcn -t:. Other works in hand incl.nuded extra
acei:.:.i,_,.:-ticip-l in the Pub ic Works Deprcment >''-t, the
coril I:i.c.' of the Assistant S'.uicrinte ldent of Police's
Qi.?r...; :'.. ;,he renovation of the old wireless
Sl.i :.Lm-LLc nIjc L'ts Quarters.

b '-r- Social Development Officer summarised the
Lfut.'r..-: .cri: ,c. his department as follows in a talk given
at ..hi Dis,: iet Conmissioners' Conferences-

A b~i-f outline of the proposed work of this
De.rtiei-t.: There is a proposed chcge in the name
of thi; e-p:.r.cment, from Social Welfe:e Department to
Social Pevel:c-meret Department. .c reason for this
chliie is th-it Ut. .. word "Welfare" today is associated
with ti'h 'iv.trg of dole or relief, vb-reaas "Devclopment"
is ':lCic-ri':-, i.jrai.r.Jly with the scientif:.~ o and constructive
ap. roach t. the problems of the people.
e. following is a brief outline of the History,
Policyy, PlaLn and Programme of this Department.

- 9 -

History. This is a young Government Department
"..- rtced in 1964 in the colony. Social work in the
'-. i- :.- carried out and is now being carried out by
:". .-'ious and voluntary bodies in the colony with
I;.::l Co-operative Development work carried out by the
,-.,..:i, & i;holics in Credit Unions.

In 198- a Cocial .Wfare Officer was appointed with
i': ant- he resigned in 17;46, and another officer was
: ..:, who : 1 the following offices :

Imort- Control Officer
Social Uelfarc Officer
Reg,-LCs-trar of1 Cc-,: ;erat:ive Societies.

This arrangement was not satisfactory.

in 1949 50 the assistant Welfare Officer was in
.: c of the department, which included Social
'.i:-:.- jork Poor Relief; and Probal;ion work, A Craft
,'t r and assistnt ,ore his only staff.

.' thie month of hay, 19l Hr A ,E. MrcNair was
underr Colonial Devueopment and Welfare funds
.Social Duevelopment Officer including Rc.-istrar
S:t...-. ive oei .obies for two years secondnent from
S-.. .Social ,We Comnission w-hich Company he had
,'" ,:r "twelve -years C dealing ma!.inl with Co-operative
,. c Develop -eht work:, )1. apoi.nment is for the
i :.--ation of the Social .Deve]lopment Department under
;': .; Colonial DevClopment and lfare Scheme.

'.he Plan for the orc-anizing of the Dep.,rt.:it s work
i-,s edby the Social Welfare A.dviser to Colonial
I' 'I.:. ,_'nt nd Welfarc eand the Co-operative Adviser

The Legislative Council for the Colony has approved
', ..::. e and it has been forwarded to the Secretary of
a..: i-.,: the Colonies for his approval. It should be
l.:;,: .,ed in twelve to sixteen weeks,

She Policy of the Department in brief is the
i. of Far.mer. s Groups in Pural parts (Co-operative
L,: nt) as also tlo formation of Councils
ifr i; .-. cettrmonrics and the development of handcrafts in
i ... as also special pro tionary and youth work

"ric plan is based on self-hbel thrift, handcrafts and
'.- .'v projects. The Dce rtrat will be a Promoting
t..:-., *l so an organizing and cucat.ive force towards these
:.. th the -': ti ng Board boeing set up as also the
S[ -. AgricuJt-T a Loan Board, the District Development
Cf ..: and farmers will be g-iven an incentive to organic
:; lines suggested, T).. Depa- '. :-,t will also have
:...: ,i inspecti.c.n of Co-operative Societies and will
S supervise the movement,

Sie p .lan is for the appointment of 3 District
L:1 '. -'- I t Officers who are to be appointed locally. These
offi:. '. :rwil necessarily have to have organizing ability,
.! r:... ,. l. knowcdc, as well as the desire for this
S ork. They will be given a course in Co-
0,:r-I :v-,.: and Development work before entering the field.

_ __ ~~I~

10 -

in officer whose title will probably be Local
Gov:-n..:-ait Officer, is to bc pointed and he will act as .
li:-1i.- between the Central and Local Government with
,,.:.-'1 emphasis on probationary poor relief and youth

In Belize the assistant Social Develonment Officor
w .]. L iven further training in probationary and poor
Sr-:-lii .rk and with him will be associated a part-time
pl:.::-...-._._ officer for women. A youth or anizdr is also
ii'. .r o.n:-sidcration for girls' work in Belize,

Sraft work is to be reorganized with the present
fe- 1 C-. ft Instructor obtaining further training in
J.-:i-. nd on her return she will train female instructors
to:- out handcrafts in the rural parts.

This schema will mesh in with the ten year plan for
]i.':' i s in the colony.

;e Programme is mainly that of Co-operative
S- ... t, that is the formation of si-,loe farmers' groups
NviO o:l' ,-,ctive action, with the.use and ownership of
M ni'-- I. implements etc. for production purposes,

(1) The basis of the programme will be the study
and savings group with projects such as
planting together r by 'implomonts, i" 'ng
together and marketing together. The primary
stage of this Deveolop.ymc will be the
Regional Training of officers in the various
services in Rural Bettermient.

(2) Ti. training of the Secretaries of groups
(3) The training of the Committees

(4) The training of the members.

Village Councils are proposed to be organized in
1i:,l:- Districts where there is leadership and they will
wri: El.n,-: the lines of the better village approach.

A scheme for visual education is also being
pro: i,,1 in which the departments of Education? Forestry,
A,_ri-r ltural and Medic.l are specially interested.

'.he proposal is for a cinema unit to operate
in rii. -,s with films that will fit in with the
pro.g.,,uc for the above Departr, inrts.

Ti-: present position of the co-operative'
mivci,,i.rt in the colony is as follows:-

Registered Credit Unions 18
Membership 1G800
Central Consumers
unregistered 2
Central Consumers
members 700
Farmers' Groups 4
Farmers' Groups members 200

Credit Union total capital 045,000,00
Co-operative Societies 12,000.00
Farmers' Groups 600.00

- 11 -

Leadership is fairly satisfactory in Credit Unions
and arrangements are being made for the external audits
and guidance of the movement.

This work is likely to develop slowly due to the
lack of Agricultural Tradition in the colony and the
changing from a forest economy to an agricultural
economy, the difficulty in obtaining capable leadership.

We must therefore educate and organize using all
the scientific methods and techniques at our disposal.

Siu rveys..

One surveyor is still employed laying out
agricultural blocks and surveying land for title in the
Si"~:- Creek Valley, A number of minor boundary disputes
Ih-.: ;lso been settled. One surveyor has just completed
S,.-- urvcy of the City of Belize. Part of the
i.L,:,., tion gathered will be used in connection with the
-i ',--._n of properties within the City limits. One
.:..v-- .: has returned from a 9 months course at Toronto
l.'-r: :ty and has left for a small survey job in the
r:iin .:f the Colony. One surveyor and one apprentice
,-: lr;:loyed on the reconnaissance survey of the
f:.:r.;n- Creek Middlesex Road. This survey is nearing
:1:.i.:lion and next month a short account will be
-'.n:.- : up for the bulletin. The Senior surveyor has
1':.: i'.: Colony for vacation leave in the United d
i.if. ', o!i.

The Colonial Development Corporation was provided
Yi:r, : !map drawn from the aerial survey of a portion of
thlir holdings south of North Stann Creek. This map
siC '-i the topography in detail. The plotting of the
:n.i i:v-rn coastal plain continues.

During the month the task of assessing some
CCO C o '000 land-owners under the new Land Tax e was put in hand and considerable progress
h.. :"Ecn made.

The Inspector of Crown Lands has visited the
iT:d.:ir: Indian Settlement, collecting rents and sueing
i:li:!.'ints. He has also inspected the area north of
Sth :.. C-rande to be given out to settlers for
| cp.'i :..- ion.

Belize transactions of the Savings Bank during
!..:- : -..r : ~

Deposits ..49,404 (April :C42,9775)
Withdrawals G29,754 (April 037,980)

Since the beginning of the year, deposits have
n.::. ,:i:d withdrawals by &78,481.

The calling in of old and soiled notes and
'thiir -'.bstitution by the issue of new notes has
rQc'w:,:' .: d with expedition this year. Up to the
'U. i r. iHay the position was:-

- 12 -

old rnnd soiled notes destroyed $126,000
New notes issued Q141,000

The diagram of exports for 4 months to April,
wi-".cih ~, referred to in the April issue of the
ilc'nthill: .-L~letin, is now attached,

AyjiY.1tur e
Jck offer a l!humble apology for missing last month's
Ei..e",:n. May was a busy month with frequent absences
frCor HiTE-dcqp.arters and somehow the Bulletin notes for April
n* i : -ot written!

DDr- conditions continued through April and May;
at the Central Farm rainfall amounted to less than half
an iricli for April and just under an inch for May5 the
i:l-thern Districts have been particularly dry, Corozal
tcv.rn totaLlling less than a quarter of an inch of rain for
the tu i-inths; the water shortage has been acute and
i'.:estoc]: have suffered. Conditions "down South" have
beeIn br. -er, though Stann Creek town recorded no rainfall
:urin, Il{.

Everywhere advantage has been taken of the "dry"
to lEt lanri cleared and burnt off ready for the June
r,~r; .L- .:c he field staff of the Department has been kept
*.ys vi citing and inspecting lands for Marketing Board
Ilcan.- ? l..rge sum of money has been issued by the Marketing
E:I' r i.n -Larmers generally seem to appreciate whaz the
,r, i- to help them there have been some delays
ant ;::..i by some disappointments, but nothing ever goes
as sm,;.otFl:' as we would wish To those serious farmers who
ar. tl; :,1:- advantage of the Marketing Board loans and
m :i-.: an :ll out effort we wish all success; to the few
lwho i.i. t- ; merely to take advantage of the Marketing
BEo:r,:' u. -ay "Dont!"

Supl-ies of corn seed for planting are not as
plecif;iul .s w-3e would like and farmers are advised to
ilake '!h;lt .eed they have go as far as possible; please
don't v:,c:te seed; remember that other countries are short
al:o [h-it importation of seed is not the easy matter
tl,.at i;, sciunds. If you have any difficulty about seed
suLi.l; 1C~- eour Farm Demonstrator who will do what he can
to help.

anc- now a word on Departmental doings. While
tle field. staff has been kept busy in connection with
lrTi:l:in i- Loard advances the Headquarters staff has been
equ.,ll: active and visits have been made to all Districts.
Th, -: in iortant event was the visit of Mr. G.F. Clay,
Agric.ultural Adviser to the Secretary of State and Mr.
A. rieL. Frartapton, Agricultural Adviser to t5. Development
anMi ii.lIfre Organisation3 nine days were :1.t:nt in touring
the Colonr .and both Messrs. Clay and Erampton were able to
,-t fir3t- hand infEoimation on the Agricultural situation:
at t.,e conclusion of their visit the Acting Director of
Ariri.culiture accompanied them to Jamaica where a meeting of
all lhe Dii-ectors of Agriculture of the British Caribbean
are- ws held and the opportunity taken to discuss matters
sUch .s Lwi.d: Settlement, Livestock breeding, agricultural
anid live.tock Research etc.

Th-ic Veterinary Officer, Dr.. Everett, has left for
'Carada on six months leave: he is expected back towards the
end of October for a new tour of duty.











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JUNE 1950.

Printed by the Government Printer.

1:16 it

JUNE _1950 .

Issued by the Colonial
Secretary, Belize,
British Ho.nduras


J:inr Birthday Honours

,rc' : ology

ii:- E:-:ceilency the Governor

Cci::;-.-l Secretary
,g-,. t.: L, itur e

De-.'.l,:.pment Board

E,:'.L.--,.? iLon

For _- ry

L- : 1 iLtive Courncil

a .,: i, l .

1 ir,- r -ological

Fri:j. :,ii

PF.l:l ic Works

S,:.c i 1 Developmont

St'ir1n Creek District


Tr i 9 i y

Aplp.:- iX.
Si.-rvey of the Roaring Creek -
!ii.:-dlesex Road.

Pai ee
























,..-'- t

Hi" Excellency, Sir Ronald H. Garvey, K.C.MG., MB,E.,
and Ldyv GarvCey

It was with ireat pleasure that the news was
r- .,-;,d in ri3ti3sh ioi-ur1 on JLr.e Ith -that 'is Majesty
ti i had een paed to cCer Lc c s c. cllency

-. -ios vlicIh hScre Reen c L ic.ore blr Ronald and
'd 01 r

I: f tne E c.ntLv e Counc il, cn T A '.A. Lar:m, Con-
s-.t.r of Fr ..e ..ointd Os icrna o)f the es ost
E:1..t -d3 of 1C the L~pr.tih ,i:p~i~ and Mr. A.P. Enriquez,
.Lc-r of Sn Antonio Bhool Cyo, w Ts appointed a
., .. ,he O.c'fr .t
L, : 1 o ~T;

The t0 of ers, eat o., ratula tons to the

n .;? P. Mavya Indian Rosa :;- while hunting
ri.L :o .e s' fo.nd the re a'.ins of ,an ancient ya. stone
,..L..i in 'ct'. s .. .e. "rn c cf the Cayo Di strict
n ac., FaronidJe r .nd a .te- Ho. H-In 198 Maiq's
I-:, _.f ear to th- heroin of the Distri a Cponredssioner
(I J., C now La..or Cffic-) and D' pryoptly
Sl,!,. e nt In Ser 1 ., Anderson
Ju, aL- Jrian of the JuiLtee Lira ry, 2elize) was asked
by '(-- n1ient to iake a preliminary investigation of the
....1 .. ,r .Sioner

r site,.

- 2 -

In company with Mr. H.E. Jex (Inspector of Crown
Licences, Forest Department) Mr. Anderson rode to Caracol
Barquidier, taking Rosa Mai as guide and Bartolo Pinelo
as Arriero. After assisting Mr. Jex to make a chain and
compas traverse front the Barquidier to the site, a distance
of roughly 1- miles, Mr. Anderson spent three days
investigating the site. Persistent, heavy rain badly
hampered the work but on his return to Belize Mr. Anderson
was able to report that the site covered a large area,
that he had found six stelae one a fine E -i-ie of
Mayan stone carving and two altars with carved designs,
and the remains of several stone buildings Hie was also
able to report,an important find, wooden lintels still
in position in the masonry building discovered Mai.
Finally that he had found what appeared to be an artificial
reservoir. Copies of Mr. Anderson's RepoCrt were sent to
certain archaeological foundations in inglaand and America.
Unfortunately before further action could be taken the
war broke out and brought exploration in the Colony by
rch:eological expeditions to a halt.

Recently Dr. Linton Satterthwaite, of the University
of Pennsylvania arrived in the Colony to explore sites,
including Caracol Site (so named by Mr. Anderson). During
kpril Dr. Satterih,-i'aite spent three weeks at Caracol Site
exploring and excavating. With the approval of Government,
qr. Anderson (now District Commissioner, Cayo) accompanied
and assisted Dr. Satterthwaite for two weeks. Two Maya
Indian workmen from Succotz Ascension Alfaro and Jacinto
.il completed the party: they took a keen and
intelligent interest in the work and the credit for finding
some of the stelae belongs to them. Don Eutiquio Escalante
of El Cayo and his two sons supplied and very efficiently
'ibail.1 ,,d the mule transport and kept the camp supplied with
fater, which had to be brought daily from a water hole
ecri,: miles away.

The results of this investigation have far exceeded
even the earlier optimistic expectations. Alt-hi;r both Dr.
3atterthwaite and Mr. Anderson made several long traverses
they did not find the outer limits of the built-up area but
1Jrc: able to ascertain that it covers several square miles.
In his Report in 1G38 Mr. Anderson recorded finding six
stelae and two altars about six feet in diameter. The 1950
L ;ition has raised the total to seventeen stelae, nine
l!tars and six unclassified stones. Some of the newly
lii,-cvered stones were buried under debris and, as search
had to be confined to a relatively small area for lack of
tiim, it is an almost safe assumption that many more still
1-e hidden in the dense rain forest which covers the 'hole
area. The majority of the monoliths bear carved glyphs and
:ik:ns on one or both faces and a few have glyphs on the
ci.Je as well. All are weathered to some degree and the
st:te of preservation of the carvings ranges from almost
t,:t:1 C.,l iteration to fairly good legibility. The
i:r.:'onrinnt design found on the stelae depicts a priest in
fu"l regalia and holding the "Ceremonial Bar" towering above
Very small man standing facing him. The fine delineation
)f the intricate details of the elaborate feather and mask
lead-dress, the decorated dress and sandals and the many
adornments is amazing and clearly the work of craftsmen
perfectlyy at home with their difficult medium and primitive

- 3 -

tcr-1. All the legible altars mostly discoidal in
shle bore the simple incised outline of the
tv::enticn.lized face of the god of the Mays day Ahau
and th-e day number: each is therefore an enormous date-
gl,.i: -l-r1:ing the end of a period of 7,200 days. The
alt.-:r i u::--numbers so far decyphered cover a period of one
ihujrir ;'--rs and there are other altars with day-numbers
not yet dcyphered with certainty which may extend this tc hundred and forty years. This use of the Maya
"Short Cr:nit" at Caracol is most interesting and
iTflport -t as, although in vogue with the Maya in Yucatan
until l t- in their history, it has never been established
'rfirri- for the early Maya. Although the evidence is not
:yet concl- sive there is good reason to believe that each
alt'r c-ritiinally had an attendant, contemporary stela.
BSev~.1l of the stelae found bore "Initial Series" or "Long
Co!l-" yl;:phs which, where legible corroborated the day-
nt.i-bil-r onr the altars. One such combination gives a
red!:-.' of 7 Ahau (around the end of the Sixth
.Cenur'- AD.) and other evidence indicates that the site
'j k d ~ in occupation for at least sixty years previous
to tlhei section of this stela and altar; while the
discover;' of a cache of Pacific thorny oyster shells shews
th.:t it h.-d been in direct or indirect trade relations
with i-i.: pacific coast.

The largest masonry building found (the one reported
by I ') :-s wooden lintels still in fair condition, in fact
the crentr,'s are perfectly sound and very hard. This
builiin-, occupies the same platform as the 7
Abui .orti:.i tion and a section of lintel wood has been
e:tr':ctn-: for test by physicists, who have developed a
meth:.. cf deducing, within limits, -..l, ean a timber was
orilii:ll:- cut by measuring its content of radio-active
caron. This test will probably establish some time
rrl:tic.zhip between the altar group and the building
and ir :u approximate idea of the age of the building.
Inot-,,r jind of considerable interest were two "Sacbees"
or r:iac.' aasonry ceremonial paths about six feet wide.
Althe_:-i. i'; was not possible in the time to excavate the
side? :rc bottom further surface -:::ni''. tion tended to
st "cr .t.l.nerson's theory that the sunken rect-a.-l r
ar:, .- :n artificial water reservoir. An interesting
finr bL- Dr. Satterthwaite was what most probably is a
B.ll-C .t'r t.

The site is rich in terraces with masonry retaining
w.ll so may have served an agricultural purpose but the
size .!id location of others suggest a more probable
iorJic:l ..ii.:.ry or ceremonial purpose. There are long, low
sr -i'' :ind earth platforms, some quite narrow, which form
-i:teni-vt networks of courts or plazas, usually dominated
by one or more tall mounds.

Although there are no known outcrops of slate wiithin
ileL' of the site, several carved slate stelae were found.
1 ;.:-re .broken and there were signs which su-est that this
as done :by the ancient inhabitants: in one instance, for
zIan:le&, pieces of a finely carved slate stela were used to
adc the- footing of an early limestone stela.

4K -.

--- I

- A -

Tl-ere are at least three high natural hills
S*it gLr..:.u; s of low mounds on their artificially flattened
tc.ri.. In one such "peak group" Anderson found a sunken
.:,: 'i:..cli normally, it was patent, holds water although
ti ,r-'ii was only damp. Lack of time prevented
i;i:v<-ti =:..ion to ascertain, if possible, whether it had
l: .:.:. ;...l;ructed for this purpose or is merely the chance
reEL't ofc falling debris. In 1938 there was plenty of
v;t.r ..: the Caracol Barquidier water hole, the (possible)
, ..:- ~_-:,.,_o-r adjacent to the Altar group and in a water hole
, ,i._.-,i" :.nce westward of that group, This year, owing to
Lt..: conditions which have obtained since the
:,,.:-11:.._ of last year, all these water holes were dry.

Ciracol appears to be the most iii-rortant and .-- rich ancient Maya architectural centre thus far
r,-i]:,:it.i in British Honduras.

Th-e picture shows an ancient Maya construction
Ivl.cli hi:,s been uncovered on the Baking Pot Central Farm
Sii tlh.:: Cso District.



S ..; .... .. ..-..------- --..-- -.,-

hI: L -o- ejw';h iJn. Excellency attended a dance at the Belize Club
-i. h-onuc.r of the King's Birthday on the 7th June. A
nriiitd i-rv.- parade took place on the morning of the King's
Eirthl..: o-n the Battlefield, Belize, at which the Governor
tcl_ -i: salute, The ceremonial was on somewhat more
qsiEct-.cul-r lines than in previous years, and the function
was iizri:ed success. In the afternoon a garden party was
lheld -;i: Government House, and His Excellency presented the i.of Officer of the Most Excellent Order of the
Britis.lh Epire to the Honourable W.H. Courtenay.

On June 17th the Governor visited the Maya ruins at
Xunintuni,::l., Cayo District, and examined the panel of Maya
carving which has been uncovered by Dr. Satterthwaite.
Prcros.l. for the preservation and protection of this very
interersti-ng and valuable work are receiving the active
consideration of the Government,

_ _I __

- 5-

C':lo.ii S. .

.ccciipanied by the Superintendent of Police the
Cc'cliSal Scccreter; toured the northern part of the Colony
ini the ji..'-.I-: of -he month. Although the rains had
start-: th.: cu-c:-eded in getting to and'from Crooked Tree
in L.nd ho.:ve: and inspected the Police Station,
die r" a''.:, school. A few hours later this trip would
h.ave L~e:. i -'ass; 'ile owing to the heavy rain which was
fill.- ?t t:'3t Other places visited on this tour
w-r.e I: nge D.1', Douglas, San Estevan,
Cale n:iia 1irtcn-I ja and Corozal.

La.t;r i; the month the Colonial Secretary visited
St;.'in Cr,-1: .ith the Executive Engineer, Public Works
De,.-rtm.t,., c.' i-:-pect the damage caused by the flooding
cof ,: St- -n' .r C: Valley as a result of the phenomenal
raiinfEll in- tlhe l1iddlesex area on June 17 and 18th.

The following notes were submitted for the May
FlJ.cltiln :ut had to be held over owing to shortage of

T'o Lt:li-ng'- have been most apparent during the
:, /cth. h-. first is the tremendous waste of land
tLt c.l:cs .l'c- very year; even if we admit that under
:tr -crr-n cor!,Jditions "a good burn" is essential that is
ni: .::cu-e f-;r t;:. careless uncontrolled burning that goes
Ion, .hen I:the uli:-i.n of a ten-acre milpa means the
dl::vtatr.,:.- of O, -,:;'haps a hundred or more acres of other
ln:1 firt- pss~e.s are all too scarce; and it is not only
thie Ict1.-1l ib :i.rnII: but also the opening up of the soil to
1cas b,- crcsiol- we shall have to become erosion-minded
bricrE- lon-; sell erosion is here, right on our front
d:ors, eln.i- is already ruined many, :'a:-rn areas. The second rf.c iJs Iche indifferent attitude to livestock;
little, *.rT.iiio'i -s made for their needs, though there are
Co'o'UI 1 it- ; acrcs :t would well repay planting with fodder
S, ',cure css-:s so as to give the animals a chance of
living *Lutr.j-i b' dry season; any attempt to improve the
jvr:te.o.: of the Colony is faced with failure until we
le,-.rn co :rov:'.de first for the animals we already have;
tii..; ,nu .l~h tl-eni to think of the improved animals we would
li:e to lha. .
;.t the Central Farm all efforts have been
concentre,-ce. c on cuttingg ready for the rains; the removal
and burn:i:n~ of stumps and logs was continued and land
Frcp'ai'riii, including contour ridging for cassava and
y s, ir-I= lei ::e-eded up.

The up'l;:.' of water on the Farm was severely
lilnited T'1uinl: IL:- and gave some cause for anxiety; after
e:q:1 oring chie .'arious possibilities we were able to borrow
a 1:ci.tablc i ill-.riling outfit and water was struck on
two sites a-. ni average depth of 20 feet; the digging of a
well has be~c started with the object of carrying out a
pumpinp.. tsti; u' ,!,ay have the solution here to our water

--- 3 -~L LI ~--I

6 -

Peanuts planted in mid-November were reaped
d,.'rii- ;lay but yields were not up to the st!-ndard of the
Serpt.ri':r planting; Empire Bright led with 753 Ibs. per
a.-r,-, Tennessee Red following with 610 Ibs.; Virginia
Whit;: rl.ain ran last with only 333 lbs. per acre.

Sweet potatoes have been reaped with the following

John Directly gave 9,690 lbs. or 4.32 tons per acre
f'Rd :lt 5 377 2.40 "
Local Red 3,118 1.39 "

Wit'lh ti.c exception of the first named these yields are low
in ,..:, iieison with those of other countries, one factor may
-:,, b:-:_.: that they were planted on the flat this year all
pli',,i:r will be Qn ridges, An interesting feat-ire was the
pc:'ir *;-::-ind for this crop at anything like an economic
wli.:l.::,- 1 price and it was felt that the crop would realise
mor;: i turned into pork, with corresponding savings in the

To date 570 lbs. of Pigeon or Congo peas have been
t:,r-: seed has been selected from outstanding plants for
rl:.1cini- during the year.

Some extension has taken place in the Vegetable garden
an..i ti- :-.rea has been almost entirely put down to green
m rianu.L: crops for soil renovation.

1.r. R. Rorero, Airport Assistant and Meteorological
Ob.-rv.rE, started vacation leave on the 12th June and will
b, a,:snrt until the 15th October. Mr. D. Marin, Junior
C1.-ri, i-i.s been seconded to the airport.

Using Co,,!:'r"'l- Owen Roberts, President of
Cbriibl:;:en International Airways Ltd., visited the Colony
1i: ,ir',er to discuss arrange:i.: Its ini connection ITith the Conpanyts
ai':,lic Iion, which is now before the Air Transport
Lic:ncin:g Authority, to operate a Scheduled Air
Ser'..:ic on the Tampa/Grand Cayman/Pelize route.
Fil :lt-';.ils of the application will be published when
1. The Licensing "Authority granted a permit to
TLC,. di,. Honduras to operate a charter flight to New
Orlealn direct on the 3rd returning on the 4th.

A United States Naval Attache aircraft visited the
Colonr-. c.n the 6th and departed on the 8th for Carmen,
Me:ico. TACA de Costa Rica landed a DC-3 for re-fuelling
on the 'th. The aircraft was enroute from Miami to San
Jose. A private Piper 105 piloted by Mr. W.P. McComb
pas ed *:i-rough the airport on the 15th enroute to San
Pedro Siula, Honduras.

The BWIA Agents have given notice that the Kingston/
Blir:E flight schedule has been amended and with effect
from th--. 1st July the aircraft will arrive in Belize at
12.20 j:.:r, and depart 1 p.m. local time.

-7 -

The Public Works Department have cleared the
si'te n,: prepared the foundation for the erection of a
new radio beacon mast.

Aircraft movements during the month were 66.
P':-li,---r'cirs arriving, 159; outgoing, 145. Freight handled
'ic.!-it:-.:' to 9,920 pounds, with 5,711 incoming, 1,813
i,.i..- :I : I, and 2,396 intransit. Airmails totalled 977
prc'ul,,cis 746 arriving, and 231 outgoing.

Total imports for the month of June, 1950, amounted
to 71-1,024.00 compared with total Exports of 179,280.00
incl::inig Re-Exports at (8,4:87,00

The Principal Domestic Exports are as follows:-

C ommodify uantitz Value

..lli-,.tor Skins 1,877 lbs. 3,882
m, anas 3,036 bchs. 2,293
Ca -cle 50 no. 1,675
Cc- conuts 12,500 no. 437
Copr: 8,484 Ibs. 891
Cc,,-e.i Kernels 104,152 lbs. 10,956
Fi--;, Fresh 23,373 lbs. 5131
Gi.rl'fruit Juice 600,000 lbs. ,900
Cr,:,r Lu.bcr 4,739 cu.ft. 14,351
lhio.ja.ny Lumber 9,558 cu.ft. 28,714
-Fine Lumber 28,464 cu.ft. 36,543
All other articles 1,020

$ 170,793
Total Import- .Dui es.-c.lctet were $69,269.35
ad. EinLr,; Tax 6,0-74.45

Total ERpoi't ut!-ips e .ll.c arnmtod to e.a23.22,5.

'De.y, oi i,],z BpaarJd.
The Development Board met on the 13th June.

The matter of Port Facilities was discussed and
Mr. J.E.G. Palmer of the firm of Rendel, Palmer and Tritton,
Cocnsutiing Engineers, whc was in the Colony investigating
Port Facilities in Belize and Stann Creek, gave an interim
report of his prelimirnry investigations.
The Board discussed the matter of Land Clearing
Eoquil:meiit ordered D the Belize Estate and Produce Company,
an-' costing some 40O 000, and decided that the Government
tal:e u. rith th- Company the matter of obtaining the use
of tl:e e equipment.

Th'e rcsition regarding the scheme for establishing
a FPublic R nations Department was communicated to the
Board. TaLe secretaryy of State had agreed that the
Depslrtwr-t should be set up, but that provision should be
mia :'or it in the Colony's budget instead of by a
Co1,-'j:l development and w-.foi-f. ent, The matter was

- 8 -

,din :. -L I: Standing Finance Committee of the Legislative
Cc'Lvi:l 1.:l-.ich agreed that the Secretary of State should
be :l:e:: ;o reconsider his decision, and approve a
Col:.-i:l .1 Development and Welfare grant for the purpose.

lir. A.G. Chaplin has been selected by the Secretary
of St : -, 'or the post of Development Officer. HTe is
.e:.~'.:'e. to-. take up his duties in October.

T'-: Vacation Course for teachers in Indian Villages,
which, :: at Yo Creek, Orange Walk District, on the 29th
Mai, :- to a close on Friday the 9th June. Twenty-nine
.te.:c. ':ended I co rse was a follow-up of a similar
.cn.,. .il.... at aibe, Corozal Di.-stri.ct, in May 19,9. Methods
of .1: --i-.- the curriculum, wvre thoroughly discussed, the
.i- :..1 i3cussion being the teachers' answers to a --."T:-r
quet :- n: ire which had previously been issued by the Educa- L': tirient. The main subjects dealt with were English,
.krit- 1.ic, Science, Social Studies and Music. A Reading
Sm.- ..- :-also carried out in the village. Discussions on
the t .:i, of the above subjects were led by the technical
st.,1:.-: oi Department. Visiting speakers were Rev. ,.M.
Gni-r-, S.J., who gave introductory talks on Cooperatives and
dei;!:Ki- ;:r:--: how to conduct study groups; Mr. S. SSharp, .Ai.,
Re,-fr-nt lu.cor for L::tr,.: Mural Studies, who dealt with library
re.,i.L -*:. Mr. A. McNair, Social Development Officer, who
outlined .:iS plans for social development in British I:.~;u.s.
..-,.:,';: :s held on Thursday the 8th, both teachers and
ri.:;.'-,;: thf the village providing the programme. The course,
,hi-. .;._i: more properly have been called a conference,
Wcs .-ir-d stag e of an investigation into the
eL',:-ti,-..- and social problems of Indian Villages, which
a:. :'i.-.- the Department in 19Z18. As a result the
DEp.-'ri:. !,;-i- feels that it now has a fairly thorough grasp
,f tr 3 of the Indian communities and that the stage has
nc 1 -, r :ached where, given the necessary support,
.el,:Lic, -,,: 1 work may now proceed with confidence.

S I.-:.:-,ieur Christian Ozanne of UNESCO visited the
ilclr,: ._r,:. the 1Cth to the 20th June. IHe made a fairly
eh.:.'-i::'.-.e inquiry into the use of films, filmstrips and
lik i_. .:his Colony and discussed with the Acting Director
of E:i;-: vi-oni the Department's visu..l education programme.

E:--ra mural classes under the aegis of the Univer-
City, Cil': of the West Indies were resumed. The courses
rr': :re Elementary Spanish (Mr. J. Castillo); Advanced
p J-i (!r. J. Pepitune); Caribbean History (Mr. E. Brown,
,;,) -P.ll Esychology and the People an Introductory Course
S::i:l Psychology (Mr. A.S. Franlson). It is hoped later
0o n-:.i-l.i-, the classes in English and Geography w-hich were
eur i- ;:. Ihe last session.

,.. E.E.F. Bennett, School Officer for Belize,
:esi- L --iter seven years service. He takes with him the
*od .i,_- of the Department.

Of most interest to the public last month perhaps
.te -r.,-ement of sawmillers to keep back from export
.ici.rl. i. pine lumber to meet local needs at no increase
rr i' .

- 9 -

in Stann Creek.District the planting of 50 acres
rf ;ine ~hiEs been completed and in spite of the almost
,I:l-:.te ,.ster logging of the area through the recent
i-.';.- r:in, survival is good. An additional 50 acres
'.ill I': i'l.:nted up shortly.

The experimental 5 acre Mahogany plot at Quam
:.j!l: i-. -th Cockscomb basin has been planted with corn
a.,Id 1.:-,--F. Four individual farmers have completed the
1,pl:-ti~I rcl corn on 20 acres of mahogany plantation in
Si:l r:: In Cayo District an 11-acre mahogany plantation
: .:-.-. The prescribed acreage of this district will be
:cnl.-.::' in the present month.

0. iag to high floods, 7 bridges were damaged
btt.:-:, e S -':.wee and Freshwater Creek in Stann Creek District
hbt :.1 h:-.-e since been repaired. Due to improvements made
t.: ie ibl-:-.: of the Forest Department light road grader, the
C,:.".!..-_'-: Liiht road was recamlered and vastly improved. The
r'v:l risingg on this road is 7/lOths complete-, In the
'LL:t.r:!.i: Fine Ridge in Cayo District, 8 miles of road were
Cr.-:.e,-. anr-1 drained and four culverts constructed.

,t the 1st July, 1950, the general average increase
of fi;.il:- c::penditure under the five main groups was 101.37
;.:r rcint abovee September, 1939, levels. This represents a
fir:ction:l - IC'.. c'T ion tie 1st June, 1950, which increase was, however,
i!:ui.icii:nt to vary the final index of 201.

ThI purpose of the monthly calculation of the
inc:1:: (in 1--iich the same cqu'i-tities and, as far as
p':.s3ibl.., the same qualities of each item are taken at each
Jt..) i t_-, show '!.: average percentage increase in the
I:c-t i,: Llize of rmi.ntaining unchanged the standard of
i":iivL ,:-:..iling in working class families in September,
i f,; _c .:.c'ci.,t being t.khen of any changes in the standard
cf lvi i., or of any adjustments in consu.i::,tion since that

Tl:- Labour Advisory Board, which was formed during
'-il n.: l;.-ld its first meeting on the 4lth December of that
.-:r, rconstituted during the month so as to follow the
li-r1s rcL,-.i',iended by 1:jor Ordc-Browne in his Report on
L:,'l.ur Co -ditions in the West Indies (1938).

It? new membership consists of an independent
ChoirniL : pointednte d by His Excellency the Governor; four
rioi,:;-cr:' -representatives, of whom the Director of Public
Wir1: i, : I 'l r (ex officio), one other appointed by His
E::c-ill-:!n:- the Governor, and two nominated by the Chamber
of CI'i a.. : and appointed by His Excellency the Governor.
Oii i- 1 ,ri;l:.-:rs side there are four members nominated by the
ti:.,e uiL..!-s and appointed by His Excellency the Governor.
Th-i L_-l.-.i'r Officer is the Secretary (without a vote) and
tlh S.,,ior i[edical Officer is a member in an advisory
,mi,\, cit:-.

Thi: terms of reference of the original Board,
i..dJ.h h:.' not been altered, are:-

- 10 -

"to review and advise upon any proposed
"legislation, or regulation under existing
"legislation, affecting labour; to consider and
"',vise the Government upon any problem that
"!..a:- o'rise affecting labour5 and to provide a
"reco:n ised and instantly available channel
"for the exchange of views between employers
"ri.nd u.,.rkers on any controversial matter and for
"t-he presentation of those views to the
"C-G vern i ment."

The fir-c meeting of the new Board will be held
during the mi.-l cif July.

On th- l-th June, the total number of registered
unenpl ',ed in t--- western, Corozal and Belize Districts
S, I-- ; as foll2owsP- Corozal, 500 Orange
W:!ll:, 17 c .':52, and Belize 599. Although the total
in reld.ze i: ri .c_: during the four preceding weeks, the
b:l:.nice of ? r-1e-'resented a substantial reduction as
co1.irr; .] .Lit-: t J e figure of 1,066 at the beginning of the
y:r. RFelif '.:-cri_ continued throughout the month in the

spec.iarl meeting of the Unemployment Relief
Co'.,mittee, i:pr1 is.-.: over by His Excellency the Governor,
s3 h.el) Gr ov rLr-.,ient House on Wednesday the 21st June.
TI':,i mineetijn -".i;.: t:.'ended by the Honourable, the Colonial
S.>Iet':'I'r":',:. h- L 're was a general review of the various
problemii r-l -lin.i- to unemployment and a discussion of plans
i.:.r the coci-iu'.,-n.e of relief work.

:result of a resolution passed by the
Lb.ii.c-i-:.e C:.iuncil on the 20th Decenber, 1949, requesting
thc o:.oi:nti-'ent Cof a Select Committee of the Legislative
C.,--.:'cil, r:i-p,'r-strt:.tives of the Labour unions and the
L:Lou C'i -i:r o: :tudy present day labour problems, and
the L:_iouj De-.-:.rtr!ent and its functions, His Excellency the
:C'vE-rnc.r : i: cini: Li such a Committee during March consisting
of tl e fillcwinic, !e-mbers :-

:The: IcItC-.urable, Mr. J.A. Smith, Chairman
lThe Honoilrurable, Mr. E.G.N. Gegg,
.j H-cI- ,,oio:,urable, Mr. J.W. Macmillan,
Mr. I;.A. Middleton (representing the General Workers
Union) and
Thl-- Lab.ur Officer.

'hie' Ccvumittee held two meetings during the month -
c.r! t'l-e 1St and 2lth.

Le i 1 KI--y. C'ulc4,.-
i 1

r:,-;rtiin .,f the Legislative Council was held
the .:.. J'.. At this meeting His Excellency gave a
Lrie f si: 1ir:. it CI' the Colonial Development Corporation -- .r -rit '.i.- Honduras, and on the progress made
si f :r i: ;hiI ,.-.-,-lbpment of the sugar undertaking. His
E:::ell-:'"- lI:-. il-formed members that they could antici-
p:.t:- zii: .-n:.i-.uceime't soon on the lifting of the Public

Tli- RFep:r':s of the British Caribbean Standing Closer
Asioci,-:tio-'i CcOmuiit:ee and of the Commission on the

11 -

Urnifica:tion of the Public Services in the British
tCaribbern Area vere laid on the Table of the Council
;togeti i :r with four other Sessional Papers.
Six Bills were introduced and read a first time
and ten Eills were considered by the Council in Committee
and p.-:!s -:d the final reading, A Private Eill to provide
for the incorporation of the Baptist Church in British
Holn;uLr,:3 was withdrawn,
number of questions regarding the grant to
ulbs-idise certain foodstuffs were asked by the Honourable
H.C. Fuller, Junior b:,.ber of the Belize Division and
the Mr. J,~, Macmillan asked some questions
:;t*.\"' -"' Urited Nations Organisation. In replies the
Council was infoLrmtd that appi' ,at.ion had already been
made to the Secretary of State for the Colonies for a
further sum to carry on the subsidies to the end of the
year; and details of the services offered to overseas
dependent territories by the United Nations Organization
were outlined.
A resolution to amend the Worlmern's Compensation
Ordinance, in respect of medical expenses, was moved by
the Honourable Mr. J.W, Macmillan, and was carried.

During the month the Senior Medical Officer visited
Maskalls, Roaring Greek and Cayo on tours of inspection.
Two weeks leave was granted to Dr. H, Forde, Medical
Officer, Northr-n District, an then Senior Medical Officer
and Dr. Hastings each subtstituted for him for one week.
In the r,.. programs the spraying of the
houses in the ou- distrit1-,s is now under way and a total
of 2,290 houPse. -s been sprayed. Work has also
commenced in Belize in the Mesopotamia area and 458 houses
have been sprayed so far.

Mete orq -.! ~l *
The Rninfal2 in Belize far the month of June
totalled 9,63 inches compared with 3.12 inches in 1949.
The average maximum tempe3tture was 87.6 degrees
and the average minimum 71,9 degrdes. The highest
temperature recorded was 94 degrees on the 4th,
Heavy raing fell throughout the Colony during the
month bringing' the drought to an end and removing fears of
a serious wa-ar shortage, On the other hand the ains
brot.:ht their meeo of trouble. At Middlesex in th St ann
Crd:k District -vsr 15 inches fell i 2,1 hours, the heaviestt
d ppnour depositing I inches in 3 hous. ThuStann Creek
V.:lley was flooded, with results described elsewhere i r
t!is issup. Fortunately the floods su1bided quickly, and
i. "uan li wes were; lost. The Sibun River also Oearflowed
iTs banks bringing loss and damage to settlements along
the rjrer, ard putting the Hector Creek roac out of
,,-tion, 2n the north some of the Feeder Zoads became
i..asbls or diffic ,lt, buVt It'-o noo h. no serious
,i ,:.- ing,

12 -

C.,, 5th June, the Police had a short parade through
e toL. :i Bi Lelize in full dress with the Police Band and
iUte. :L.-. in attendance. During the month, the
perit:r,:;5ent of Police has visited all stations in the
ei.rm Cr-. I.and Toledo Districts with the exception of
1-llinIZ I-I.'I r. He has also inspected San Pedro and Caye

Or 0. the last day of June, the long awaited engine
or ti:- "L: :y Pompey" arrived, but on unpacking, it was
poid -i.r: I i-ve been broken in transit and so further delay
|st Lb,: i-:iierienced before the Police fleet is complete.

I II.- Police horse "Thunderbolt" died suddenly at
Lug Li P:-: Ridge. It is believed to have eaten some
"oisili'o ;.I.I root.

-in he Belize Prison, work in the workshops has been
|roc _:..i, formally. Since we last wrote we now provide
ever ri .-er with a cot on admission. These cots have
Sen r.'--'ied at minimum cost and all have been made in the
risn. g~ang of 15 or so prisoners for the past month
krve :-:, .-ent daily to Gracie Rock Prison Farm for bush
le;riic irk. (This was held up during the heavy rains
urid filc:.) .
S I': -ng the month the Superintendent of Prisons
proc:-:, -' for a fortnight to Jamaica. He spent one week at
tic,:ri-. Fiison Farm. (This is the First Offender Prison).
chic i: r.. on practically identical lines with our Gracie
Roo-: Fii r Farm. He also visited Orange River Agricultural
c "peri. 1 Station and 'Llope Ga.rdens where the Agricultural
[lep *.' 3taff were most helpful and instructive. Visits
Wei ::. id to the Young Prisoners Prison at Hill top,
the :-i: Penitentiary in Kingston and Sp.-nish Town Prison
n: F : '.. T. i.: are due to the whole of the Jamaican
r.:;- --.s both superior and subordinate for their

C:'; the 19th of the month the Gracia Rock prison could
)." 1: r,- -hed by dorey and the inmates had an extra
loli':1;. I however, after a couple of days of getting rid of
the il,:o: ."ebris we were able to get back to the preparation
)f t'.i -1-r and planting the latter is proceeding very

S,':-.,y rains in most districts have caused considerable
ic-ld.-i :'.... the progress of the department's work, as wfell as
a er.::isting bridges and roads.

S Ii the Stann Creek District, the bridge at Mile 23
rtii- collapsed, cutting off Middlesex from Stann Creek.
:tenir:ir span is now in the course of construction and,
is tjii-:r Ii.pplies permit, should be coi-leted by the 15th

CE O the Hector Creek road a small 25' bridge
101i::, .'1, nd diversionary works are now in progress.

13 -

o ;o: -.-r:erally suffered from scouring and the
Ivrior.: f.t. t parts are now being filled in wiith rock
'iro' tihe viricu quarries.

Ti.: he.v--- rains caused the closing of some of
the tunfi.i:i.:'. feeder roads as the surface was not yet
ful.;. cili.ol-t.:. The remaining work continued at a
re:.: spd. Flushing is now in progress on the
SBuEi-n: Vit:, Cj.ledonia road and a distance of 5,350' 1.i- ~-l:.r.-. of the total length of 4 miles. On
thle L- Li vil1 San Victor Road 20,900 feet of earth-
wrkl: l-,:.-. .:E:ni completed, and four culverts have been
c ,.: 1 t : .

CO tlh-: P.ering Creek-Middlesex Road bushing and
fell_ in.- -.::. h- "::n discontinued due to rain. Earthworks
eve,- -' r,.:.- .:' approximately y 7,500' and the sub-base
5,>OC' :-ti-L.:v L- considerable e'ciint of work had to be
diverL:c-. 1o caiic- roads and hard standings owing to the
Sficoci cU..,:; b:- the rain.

T'l: b:, 1.i.i-ing and felling on the Never Delay road
i-.:'-..;.' L1-1/..' mile and the earthworks one quarter mile.
Q:..':,: fr racing materials has now commenced.

:l.-.i -,h:uiises of the Belize Housing Scheme are
| no,' :.:,',-1 :to .-n 10 more framed and well in hand.

!-. I.:-rr- at Tower Hill has been replaced
t !,i,',: 1,ri.l:.- ,- new ferry for Orange Walk; the old
ii-. L.'K ht in for repairs.

-.' .,' i.-, repairing damage caused by heavy rains
1 : '.' I.:L activity in the department during the
i.L0thl, '.:. i L.1 : slowing down in the general work.

''. S::-.]. Development Officer who is also Registrar
1 :C'i: I-..- i:- in :-nd Cooperative Societies visited the
fl.:- ..':i i Unions in May and June, 1950, and discussed
..ti, r-,..: *i.r" i-i- eral business of their Societies and
;c-"'i;.::-i 11 i:i-. natters of their External Audit and the
.i -: cf :i-. ir Treasurer.

S-:. Jcz:-ph Credit Union, Ltd.,
Is, i- : i c c .1-,c,,

St. F-t-r's Claver Credit Union, Ltd.,
FP.nt:, C-crda.

FuhIit:. Gorda Ex Servicemen Credit Union, Ltd.,
Punt: GGorda.

S-i:r.d Ieart Credit Union, Ltd.,
SSti- n Creek

IIe'-i:oot-,:mia Credit Union, Ltd.,

iThe -ritish Honduras Civil Service Credit Union, Ltd.,

Tl-e FPolice Credit Union, Ltd.,

- 14 -

St. Francis Xavier Credit Union, Ltd.,

'T:c Ebenezer Credit Union, Ltd.,
el iCe.

St. John's Parish Credit Union, Ltd.,

St. Martin's Credit Union, Ltd.,
El Cayo.

S La Imaculada Credit Union, Ltd.,
Orange Walk.

V- sits were also paid to the Poor Housc, Mental
'os.i;:.1, Rock and Belize prisons; the Hutments,
ancd ,1::t.::.r & Listo.'el school, and the Corozal Consumers
Coc._,cr t:-.': store.

.. -.sit to the Central Consumers Cooperative Ltd.,
De:., ~'. carried out in June, and final plans made for
.riii:P' which cane into effect on the 28th June.

Th.: Social Development Officer also addressed the
coir::.:Inc. ..f teachers at Yo Creek; and took part in the
e'i.: -r c.: of A-ricultural Instructors in Belize.

'.. District Cc.!nni'isioner visited Placencia and
,Sr n." .. .'il. on the 3rd and 4th June respectively, holding
a ,,:t-- -.t t.: latter place in connection with -

(i) the formation of a Red Cross Unit there; and
(ii) the election of a new Alcalde.

: Director of Public Works and Mr. John Palmer of
Sr.l.,_:F, F:. cr & Tritton, Civil Engineers visited Stann
Cr,:,:. i:i-. reviews wore givcn to the following in the
C,' "..r F ,_,,: i,, -

Messrs, I.T.., lornman, FR. Srp, 4.. Bcallhousc,
loQ. CoJ. cBnguche and L.C. Levy;
i i o.c .: i-:n wavith the question of Port facilities for
tiis ; ;i. i- n -, ,: t*

,- floods on all the rivers in the District
ci'- '.-;.- to plantations, livestock, etc., and to the
I;:r :...'. at- old mile 23 on the Stann Creek Valley Road.
lt:,: ,:''-:.r.: : it :. were made by the flood on the Helinda
F;o:. -:': 11: ;:iese are being attended to by Public Works

T,'.- construction of the Magoon's Drain continues
Ifroi,: .rt! 1:3 south on the foreshore of the Town, It is
vr-, : :-.:-,: _, that this drain is already proving its good
v:li:-" ...: '3 the flocds referred to above are said to be
the. i-..: cxperiencedi in Stann Creek Valley; yet the
T0:|,T, i,:l! is- u.a: -l''- inundated by water .whenever a flood
oc'C:ur, .-- surprisingly dry on the northern section.

- 15 -

The Honourable, the Colonial Secretary and Mr.
..... r Lthe Executive Enginecr visited the Magoon's Canal
..ay 20th June, and had their first experience in
'- Colony of going upstream in a dorey against a flood.
Th- _' the voluv.i- of water flowing through this newly
...,. C: n 1 .

On the 28th June, the first delivery of heavy
I,"::, in connection with the reconstruction of the
.m ,-' Dridge at Mile 2, 7as made by Mr. Eves, who
R..:. further deliveries on Thursday 29th, and Saturday
1;: J '... The demolition of the dangerous section of the
.:-.- __ Bridge ri completed and camps for housing the
:r.,.: are being erected in preparation for reconstruction
':... 'Three of the five Trucks which were marooned on the
:::: side of the damaged Bridge rrc brought safely
.:..;:- :y their owners with the assistance of willing
.: ..-. and are now on the traffic again. The extent of
'-,: 'one to farms by the flood has not yet been truly
S_.::s,. but the Agricultural Demonstrators are working
.i.: matter.

A tractor and plough commenced working on the
r.:--- *;:ioh of the New Playing Field at the northern end
S:. i.. Town and real good work has been observed.

Surveys are being executed at the Central Farm
:-,- -illage site and levels have been taken to assist the
L -:;: ient of Agriculture in drainage problems. His
K::i lc rcy has approved the provisional layout of the village.
Th!-.. l-.--out will greatly improve the Central Farm, as at
,rant the bush houses, relics of the Public Iorla Depart-
,it-, :.cad ccs-.truction camps, are an eyesore to visitors.

Other seiv,.-ys in progress are in the Stann Creek
,T,. ltdo Districts.

The reconnaissance survey of the Roaring Creek-
*i' ".'l ':x Road is complete, and a plan and section is now
b:-: rrawn for use of the Public Works Department. A short
"<:: tion of this reconnaissance survey is given in the
41-erVi,: to this bulletin. It has been compiled by Mr.
H.C. F-'_irweather, the Surveyor who carried out the
r"c, ''i: issuance,

The valuation of Belize for rating purposes has
beer: coi.mmenced by the City Valuer and the Director of
Si..rve:.-s. Good progress has been made and the area lying
:.etwe--n the Southern Foreshore and the East side Canal
co!,,leted. The areas of all the lots have been ascertained
.:i ill. be inserted in the Tax Rolls.

Land Tax Assessments should all be issued by the
en. of July. A considerable number of applications for ('r,..nts from Ex-service personnel have been received
L i'-i the month of June, and the normal routine work of
th,: Djartment has proceeded satisfactorily. The plotting
:i- the aerial survey of the southern coastal plain has been
-el.:'. so that the Computer (who is also the Draughtsman)
:.-.- ,o .te the areas of the town lots of Belize. Mr.
ltlse, Tracer, proceeded on four months' vacation leave
,n Ci tc 1st June.

16 -


Belize transactions of the Savings Bank during
June Yere:-

Deposits Z4I,47 2 (May "0,404)
Withdr:1c -Is ,26,815 (May ,,295,754)

The increased employment in Belize has had a
noticeable effect on the Colony's note circulation recently
and the Currency Commissioners have issued additional notes
to the amount of 050,000 to ease the shortage of notes. An
acute shortage of 5 cent and 10 cent pieces has developed
also but further supplies of 5 cent pieces are expected
to become available for issue in August.


17 -



From the day consideration was given to the idea of
conrtr1uc.ti n.g a road from Roaring Creek to Middlesex great public '.as awakened. :-[:iy were the opinions as to what route
such I' re'iad should. fo.low but all agreed that it would go a
ln.g wi- towards solving the economic problems of the Colony.
Thi~ r:w. IoCoul. make available for development thousands of
acre, c- fertile lands, so the discussion ent on, and rightly
so, ;.:i-' -.uld bring the Western District with its great
pteniftialities within reasonable distance of a deep water
pier at St.inn Creek.

It appeared that the idea of such a road was much
iis:.cusi-d in England also, for before the Evans Commission
arrived a-i request was made by them to have the necessary
arrn.n meritss carried out to enable them to examine the
lai !: bl-tveen Roaring Creek and Middlesex on their arrival.
In november 1947 they arrived and rode across the entire route
an:r in their report they recommended the construction of this

In August 1949 a surveyor was detailed to make a
reconnaissance survey of the road. Because of better
trranispc.rttion facilities the survey was started from the
Ro0ri-in Creek end. From the outset it was felt that such a
survey would present some difficulties because of the hilly
terrain through which it had to pass, but little did the
surveyor realise that so much reconnaissance work had to be
carried out before one m e _of road cadd b~ stcpjce .e .Fjlr
e:an:3ml1, in one instance alone, as many as 16 miles of
recoinai-ssance survey had to be made to locate 4 miles of

The surveyed route starts from a point on the Belize-
Cayo Road 200 yards east of the Roaring Creek bridge. For
the first 2 miles fairly level country was encountered.
Omnyrd a sudden change in topography loomed up. The country
became very- hilly with series of ranges stretching across
from FRoaring Creek to Caves River. Almost every range of
|these hills had to be carefully examined, surveyed and
Iplottcd before a decision could be arrived at as to the
best route or direction to take. Sometimes it was nore
racti.:bl.e to follow a narrow valley with high hills
ordering on either side, and other times the side of a
1 had to be taken. Frequently the surveyor would be
aced by steep stone walls, hollows or wide gaps, and be
orced to retreat to new areas to start all over again. He
slowed this method day after day, week after week until the
est practicable location was found.

On reaching Caves River after months of hard work
he surveyor was faced with a new and different problem to
id the best bridge crossing obtainable. Fortunately!
Sthe time this work was carried out the river was fairly
y and he was able to obtain most of the required
oriration by walking in the river. Spot levels were taken
.e and there and river banks examined and finally the site
s selected.

* 18 -

FFron Caves onward to Sibun River the topography is
tiiw *:!-n6 3nsd that area had to be dealt with in much the
.ii.e rannUr as Roaring; Creek to Caves. Sibun River is
rra ieed as one of the most turbulent rivers of the Colony
lwh1n it is in flood. Selecting a site for a bridge across
thisi river vas, therefore, given the most careful
Sc'.:l i: ration by the engineer of the Public Works
Depart!,enit, and the surveyor, Sibun eastern bank was
f,:ollljed for about a mile and from that point the
|n':veyor carried the location eastward to Dry Creek and
Toollc-wed tlit Creek to HufriiinJ ird Gap, turned through
this. Lap :n:i, ran along the North Branch of Stann Creek to
Middle:-::.. Across this'route many bigger hills were
erni.,!- tei-re, and the greatest number of creeks crossed.

The measured distance from Roaring Creek to
Mic diles e:. is 32- miles,



JULY 1950.

Printed by 'the Government Printer.


JULY, 195_0.

Issued by
The Colonial Secretary,
Belize, British Honduras.


Jubilee Library 1

Red Cross Society 3

His Excellency the Governor 3

Ag.r culture 4

Airport 5

Belize Fire Brigade 6

Customs and Harbour 6

D' -elopment Board 6

Education 7

Fire Relief Committee 8

Lab our 9

I'li:rl.eting Board 9

Sldical 9

,eteorological 10

Police 10 ic Works 11

Social Development 12

Surveys 12

Trea sury 13


The Jubilcee Li.Lrr in E-ryie.

0:- the miornin. of the 1st Ar',ust, when the monthly
ii.,s.e of bool:s force Jul;:- at the Jubilee Library was counted,
it lia found th:t it had reached the encouraging figure of
T'.-.i :; .-, ; :..-.:- -- of -.-.:.. c :2? :; he figure for the
same- p:eric.d lIst yeir ; a.nd an increase of 104, on the highest
figure in the hi2stcr' of the Library before 1950. Had some
visitor entered ces_.ully; the night before, he would have
.noticed on in'proved lirhtiing system that gave the place a
fripndl- snd, inviting aspec.t. Over in the Juvenile Section,
nrt-i- enir.e"o,, quiTe a i ew children would have been found
engar-edi in i' lecting- bck:s to take home, while a few others
sat dc!'n cci forit L.y to enjoy' a good book. The Reading
Section of the Librr wou.l have also presented a pleasant
as.:'t, vwitlh res;aer- -n-r '-aed in digesting the latest issues
of r..::ilne: or spending lei,iure moments in the pages of a
good novEll. FP'ehhops he 'jould have been tempted to visit
upst.:'ir to find .he Refe:.rence Section occupied by others,
ircl'cding a f-ir number of students and teachers. Yes,
goo.] ewa.-- be-ing mde of the Library facilities by those
Whoc ;r-:roe int. And the visitor would also have noticed
a ~-l:arate roo'0c ullere all books on British Honduras were
Tneatl;- ,a.:cbl ed. A iner:ber sat around the table, extracting
noteC frc.! I:he few boI : in which h is bound up past lores and
Xcitiicr- i:mc-nt.s ,f iBritish Honduran history. And in
leaving. th.-~ Lib.U:r;- h]' would not have failed to notice rer:-.":..
in thie fi..ctic, anl non-fiction section who critically examindc-
s;c-r:. or i. c-bject before taking a book home with which to
per.l p!i-r.fiti:le i.ur. The Jubilee Library was small; but
it w: Join; it- j b s f.r ias possible.

It iwis in the year 1935 that the Library opened
ts dirs to e he city of Belize. Its need was greatly felt;
d th, x,:,ri: cf Sir Alan L 'LIur in this connection was greatly
pr'eri:te::1 b:- -ill. Slcwl- but surely the Library spread
ts ficilitie t: the out-districts in Cayo Corozal, Orange
all:, Galin J r, Stann Cr~etl and Punta Gorda. One will
lsc0 b- formed at t.-I- Airiprt Military Camp. In 1949 the
tra-lural Derri:rtm.ent Cof the University College of the
est Inlies co r.imenccd cour'-ee of study at the Library.

SThe Iian:.!.:nt. of The Library consists of a
omiitte ha'od -:d! th:. CGovernor as Chairman, and presently
cl.udJe the Colonial Secr1 e;ry, the Director of Education,
The RTsic;ent T.utrr of the University College of the West
dieE, Ver-;' D:verend:! Dean P. H. Cecil, Mr. L. P. Ayuso, J.P.,
ss. F. .ieffer, r l..E. rind Miss Ethel Alexander. Miss
le:x:rj5F ri-centl:y reine:! a-fter a period of effective
rvice. T-h Libr-ary is di rectly administered by a Librarian,
ptain li. S. !ietz.:en, O.B.E., J.P., who is also Secretary
thi: Cor-r' ittee.

S Towards the enod of last year the Committee
cided on reri f:nisation of the Library services, bearing
mind, tIhe re<.rt of Mr. A.S.A. Bryant, F.L.A. Director of
braries in Jar e .ic.a .iho visited the Jubilee Library under
spf:,lorrhip of the B1-ritish Council. His Excellency[d C-arve:-, t.i;man, felt that reorganization
would not au,-it ai-:,- neiw building; and so the plans of the
itt-e j reality within a short space of time.


Mr. Leo Bradley of the Civil Service attended
Librarianship Course in Jamaica sponsored by the British
Council and in March 1950 was seconded to the Library as
:,istaont to the Librarian. The entire non-fiction sectic:
Jf t-he Library was brought in line with modern libraries by
the introduction of the Dewey Classification System which
i. xi:.i-king satisfactorily. Parts of the Library were
rf-iinted and the lighting improved. Half of the public
RE.:l1ini: Section was turned into the Juvenile Section; and
thc pleasant aspect that this presented'was no doubt one
:f' the- incentives that caused 981 juveniles to join the
ll:ri:,Iry- since April. The same period saw 77 adults
efll,_'c-in.g as members. The old subscribing section upstairs
I h1 ben changed into the British Honduras Section; and this,
t.--h mall, presents a pleasant and stimulating appearance.
:ra time to time publicity is given the Library in the
i'r-c: .nd over the Broadcasting Station. Things are movin-
:iri:1 the Jubilee Library is taking its rightful place in the
:rul-tur -.l life of the community.

The major plan before the Library now is the
:r,:.n'in- Ex:position of British Honduran Drawings and Paintings,
El.t::i to come off in early September, 1950. The Library
:-. fior full co-operation in this venture- and the plans
t:. :' this co-operation are daily bein'-: put into effect.
-iin it is over, the Library hopes that interest and pride
wiil h?-ve been aroused throughout the Colony in local talent.

The Library has its many difficulties. Lack of
?'::-1 Ick of adequate staff, and most serious of all, lac"-
fl :-::ieyte funds retard the onward march of library service
i!i .ri ;:ish Honduras. A slender Government grant, and
i!i:-inificant amounts from subscriptions and penalties can
.- :,r: .- maintain the Library, much less improve its
f .'iltiCes But an admirable job is being done by all
c.:rncIrn'-I. And the Committee takes a keen interest in its
iif'Iv.iCent Donations of books by people, though infrequen',
'-a,: :roat boon; and recent requests for juvenile and
Lriti- h Honduras books have been made in the press.

A Library is an outstanding contribution to the
'.at1tL1r.e of any community. In fact, it is a practical
rn,:,:':cit::. TheJubilee Library discharges this duty to an
:::1: -'ni_-': people. It offers in its restricted space
'"-:- into the realms of fiction and the more effective
wri;.li cf non-fiction. It invites the member or visitor
',; ?'i~'artable plae for reading, studying or extraction
iof rf .--er-nce material. Many there are who might not at
rE,-;:nt be drawing from this outlet of opportunity and culture.
T T_ invi-t them to visit the Library, nay, to invite them to
Sb.t,.cri inembers, is the purpose of this article. To offer
it i.,-.e,;J facilities for cultural study, to increase its,- I; a store house of the latest and best works of
jwrite.~s and the masterpieces of the past, to possess facts
ar,'. ii.'ures needed, is the constant endeavour of the Committee,
th1 librrian and the staff.

The doors of the Library are open to everyone;
rn :1, hen the casual visitor drops in to take a look, to
*:::in;! its facilities and to spend enlightening moments in
pen. in.: some book, he will be inclined to say as was once
ri r:.e c: "It is true. The Library is surely a poor
Siri .-;'rl university! "

__ ~

Re ... C .L. S y.-
liThe ri.tih'ur'..s Branch of the British Red
Cr,: Socit_ st.:_rt,-: it.- work in the Colony when on April
1".: ,f thli: :-ar liiis Joian Whittington, M.B.E., J.P.,
ir ctc of Ov" r- '. .r-nches, then on a visit to the Colony
fr-:,mi Ln on ,, tt--ni:,c :ting arranged by Lady Garvey,
e':: 1''i:1 th-: orl' fc thei- ed Cross, and suggested that they
fLir Iilt lmsIl.:: into a i :inch Committee to promote the
activ:i- cf ;h1 Socict"- in British Honduras.

STh i.-c'h ot .off to a good start with a gift of
:drj.t:. rii!: :-t' frci-i t;:e United States, through the
in ;:iatri: of th- Roiar C:,tholic Mission here. It was planned
I to .:itri:i.:utie the ill: to -re-school children all over the"-", .-. "' :.- I. b: : innir l.j g of June the stage was all set for
Qci:.U0. Di. ,:r1i:i1.ion in E elize started on June 30th, and on
J.';-.,: ih.: c,. '.ac ,_ficially launched by His Excellency
th :-:rnor. S:;.V:e t chr- distribution has started in four
di:stri:cr t LC-r.,is .c fif"i-il n villages and the total number of
Schil: .: who rec.i-.:- I.1]I: daily is over 2200.

L:lt:cr in .Jun, (R.d Cross aid in the form of milk
an :" fo:,-ltfff : t-o families in the Gracie Rock area
:w:' i'. ie -: fro : *:h;, Ir. t flooding of the Sibun River.

'The Society hai, its baptism of fire when on the
Ev- iiiI; of Jul-:, 10'th-1 a nu!':-. of homes in Southern Albert
Str. .:t were- r-lcd to ti':- ground in a terrible fire which
lift 105 ipeople- ho!,i-s nd all but naked. Red Cross
wr-."rl: :.,: .:.;'l;' cn thce- o:cene, and on the following morning
br,:-::,L : t ; :c. p -,-i-..: for- the unfortunate victims. Two
OhI Ie.:r.~: .,- i:cr -i ..: -::hat day, and for a week after that
thr iL: Cr:' i :thie meals for them daily. By that
tiil-: the G vei- t Committee had finalized its plans
lifr :. .: hal.. il .i:.:;: .:'..:, < -nd took them over completely.

"'-The iior:1: ,-i;nlrl of the Red Cross everywhere First
A i.. C .r-x.,-: iIo.~1;:.:]. aC-nr.: '"eheral Welfare, work among Juniors -
is 'k. l .n..c r u;~- also.

-:ix E :: c11c ', th:' C ._2: a,1: ur .

i-:is E:.-c,:-len- engagements in July included
;h. joi-a,1 opei:..n orf cith Red Cross Children's Milk Scheme
r;: th -.' Jul:,' fiollcoie:fi by a visit to the centres where
thl. .il 1: 'i,;"trib.,te,:d. On the evening of the fourth,
iis E_::Cellenc:: and' Lac', Gar-vey attended a dance at the
Pilvi i:: Club a.?ici :.n the 3t.h they were present at the
Geii: r.?1 I' orl' 1i.r' Union dainice when His Excellency made a
:pre:.en:, tio- to I;-. C. E. Eetson, the former President.

On ch-e l-. his Excellency visited Stann Creek
to r!:.i.t ,- daii .; caus:d by floods during June, and
vat1ri::!: th: rni-.i.1 b,.ll of the Citrus Company of British
rond.. ,a st Fcrnon., The Governor inspected the development
Pir'jet:. f ith Ci trus Conpi:ny and British Honduras
inter-r .:. .n the- 16th.

SCn the 201th/2st the British Air Attache at Mexico
it:y '.ii:.:1t L ti: Colon':. and His Excellency, accompanied by the S.crct.r:-, the O.C. Troops and the Private Secretary,
a5 bl:in f.:.i or in,-pction flight over the route of the
oarinu Cr.:h:: Iii."dl se:-.: road.

Cn July nd 21-th i- i. E::c: 11, -ney ,t:.t.- ded
i -. ..: ct.tion :1nd1 ( .nt hrone.r-;i t CK1rvi .'- :. rd the .. *I *l.*
I .f wel c..i, for dh, n,: o:, T f o Hcn ui. -:1 : ., __., r,..--ht
R v.:viere Gerald Ianr i .icooL:s. Cn -the 21'-h' i-::l E -::ceel n -
,: ..r;,-c::rnt .:t. the annual n.c.tinJ. of th.: Le.-. i:, Ce:in....i." '
'* --o r :.':.-.-e Socie:ty'. in the Cathedral 1-bia .

The f lloinc.,. da- the- ,,rr'c -li:j Tiu't':cc v xit.h
c'ii ..:;c ,llJ cnc.p .' Ch i i--':: i. ".' i: .c' 'ih. [- -L'ii n P.i. c ,iL'
t,: e:lc. t .:' it,: for the r :r: licu.-'c wj ich i t,. ,c cre eei:cJ
.i.hcrt vith f n rcv-1.:.-; -- Tr.s: A v i-c, : t reci:iv:
si -te overlo :iiin. the li.:, On fa:ill::; ,: cho:, :n U-.-- ti .. fr,. i:. ,-.: .

S :,],-ic:l iin:. 1i- the' J-,no i3. si:).

At last. the r.tin : -:vc coc..l and thcuglh the;-:
.:.- c -ome a bit t-,o ",il- f r i: c tfc,-. I, :- .:
rA 1.:.:: i',:in u.s ever:: r e cn- to hoei thl: 1 C':'O ill
O' i- b.l3 segSOna :. r an -n'-i v u i ll .:. '? hin: to
r'.:.o-.c' frc the L..c .rri" .:. ,o, 1 4.' an': i '.... All i t:; :C-' i't
,l'vc had their :- rc the Iicrth:rn di trici:: ':: T r iiC.
s,-:.'e C-L:hini but nc r, orts h.v': b:'en rtecivd of lo .:
fro.m l:ccii n ; the E ize -ittric t h~. u rd ; .'-c i .::''
-i':,e'e r ian:i t ier have b':en lo : c. L f : i .e-l: 1...It ,d ,r-,:.. ,
-,. r cult. of -he high lc:d:in of tc SiLun F-ivr r th-
u,.rst ,da ?:;c has b:.en in t*he St--n Crec: district U L ici:
li:.: h .": the ior : t l c-.d fcr ovr tv' ,ntx :,''.rc .. : ,n,: ,c.r.:: (a.
-:,n thiri-:.- year: both 1-:r, :-:l t O .mull a.c-.'er -: h.-v
uffric cd lil:c .:,n, there ,-:s .,C.OCn 0c-:-':1 i-., 'n c- to .'2
-:. the iin b.ri,":'i- in the ':1 :ll : In the Tilcl o di tri t.:
r ,in I-' : .cn heavy .ut th. rc h' vO 't:'n Ci rc' orc
,f actual :s1c :., Th. W.itirn tidistri.: fa'cort.,i', U In t l: : rc .ii: 'i
an .::!cc'sive r :-infall i 'ian'l thcre hia j. :t eno '.
Y.c,' 2-t thin' : nict.. .tart'd.

It i:s i:.' b,-coiinL g pccsai l: to r-.: :,:c the e::t:i> -nt
Lo t.he pla ting .ef rt an:oie 1: f arm -rs tl-ii- ':'.e r -Ln. it i:
r:cr ':. ncou.'rC inp r to 'set: h a '1t has. b-'e:-n c-:o,- ,Ln-,d 1s3-'_. al-it
i: bel-ii-i- on to' repair the lsces b,, flood. our food
c .o this ,-.r hia)n a r.- t deal to the Colon" sn vd C.'e j .,i1-t
c1iti.i? tIhe drive' to produce every pound i co -rn, ri':c ,--,
beanr th- t uic c,,n.

li,'mibLrsL ocf the Deprt'cnt of Ariculttur -: tff
had '- so'C: ric pIo,- lc ri -Iht dc: cl crib, a:i "'n tin." i h tn
tli:: all rct to.r other in Be] i:r fcr :. Cru,--.: of fi::u- -: ion:
a','-i lecti.urc e oCn v ,rious -'p- cts cf t': \-or!: .'i. tIh D1-: :-, '-i :.:'
f':,r the first timc- in the life of tIh Dci",rtr.":nt c-v>r Officer and F rt,i Dcm-onstritor fc :b-:l. : l, .:j t
to'.-,.icr .-vI c,. 1.p-re noct.-s our arc d to the
D,:v.:1 pr,I:nt and Welfare. Or :.-r'.is:.tion for pr:viin:-' t_-: fin-'.
,:,', 1c i: thi- St.fL : Course. po:: ibl-: .:'nd to: Ih', -onc
Co-oni:'1 Secretcry, for opening the Courrc .nd .t'n' : 'st
L-2co012':in2 opeiurv- qu-ch- "1:0 vc'ryon wh'i hlr-d d to -:j:]l:'
the C.:ur.e -: *OOce.s fromLo thra authoritis c: t'iuo provid.;d u:.
'iath an c-::ccllont ne: ctin pl' c.:" to th e' c ho :. of t .;-ir
,,it.: and 1..n il.c:.c tc cIc: ure '. nd join in : ur di '-cu ,s.
ThI' Couro r c cl*.: id fnct .' ic, ver- lit. a prei.-:L .
?n.'1 th-t i n. tc "i t c' r -'-- nir -r of the Ct, i' f Ur IL DL- _, I t
I vi-Lll intere citc0d and concerned with t-ae ii"( .' j.; oi
Co-ic-c .n. the h tri.s to serve. c very 1cctu. -
I v-r tall: cv.n ever:' Srgunont ended up on the not of r-
"1_,____,______,._l" "_C1_,__''____'._,_,___il :,.F q C~l _.,,-;_:

- z- can we serve the farricr? _.ut won' L t-ell "ou a:,
iorE al'bout it ncv- we- rc :atii cd. that -cu. .:ill s.--: th:
r -- sults c-f the Co'-r.: in t,h f icl A d:- ia. s :-; nt E the
Ccntr:,l Farm :.cs, it XDs a. .:iht-s:- in- tri- iC :i:- o
a1. but there- '.s -a lot of valh:in.: and, t.: !.:in tc b' Don c in1
cr]-i.'c ti o1n ith t,-: v' .ri rC!. t si n:.. S tha",]'. ,t L :- ..- n
arI"'r,;, ; for ir t ince 5], -,i',,r D r.',-, tr a tor for th..: 1,.,:-.:-
C] \ cC -f,-: ant c .o n l lh can ;- .i. h.L u!

.IJIi I-. -- r.,-ic,. 'on C- Cc tr:1- F:-rm i -i l
fr .ll,. iin- s'i r.: ..I-_-ILCl: 10 :-,,-. : ( .:-.rn, 1j: c.r :_ o ,-ic. ,

2" C
1 :--rn .: i ; :.n L 1 :- :r' v,- .r 0 .1 1. i ,.1 ......

ufll '-c cioniC iii.",. All T .rr--. u.ill 1,c h: .t .: .:.ii uPa n
v,: -.-- tc -,t the '"- tticl ci 'lit : h .,c, h 7;5rt .r"'..._ it ,'.L
-: -r h 'rn 1": tl-e- i 1. -th si' l

Air.,:,r; t.

The, AirL T'r nsci rt Liccnsin.- Au-thr;,-it i ..t
I .,: '. .it to TACA .: Fic:-i .. i.s *'::: chh rt:r fliJ. ht t-
fI Orl:. n.- oi i: 15th r,: turning. on, t1,_: 1i tth.

On t t n.:1 f. S7 .ndr ... Sul,:. orn ti .: 1 'TC-
"ACA i.-,.: b:.'h ,: 1..., l .- diro 's .with c l.iz L : :. ,:. t.: .-.n Fr o.:c .
C;., .:.r ._-r :,.i ,-l on the i :,r' ivto .c ir .tri-- :,- l!-n' o Crl- .
ni':Y i _1 C' ii I-..

Tuc TACA d.. Cc.:t- i.T : DC-: 1-,n. :- for ..,' .:I..
c:-n Sri', .:- the 2: 0th. rTh .. aircr'..fts '.:,.: en C ', .,: ,",,',, L : i :',-

to S-i-, J -'7,.

J I Y' C L
Scrvicic. Arco' 'O:c ;-:, ur S.a S L3 .A. (ScISA) -h
h -;.: 1: .n 1- *'i: ." tii..:- '..;.: : S ch :...! :. r S .: .., : .:

:.I.l..I' .,it vi --:i; -,ti ':.. i:h t it :- 1 f .- f r 1 .a-
Jl:- 'Lih oui r- i: ai-i"'a 1 r .-cci n 'll r.- .

A R :-.. ir F,:.r e I.-.n,:' D, ii-r n DEVOi.,
pil t. : ,; i-; C.- L i- r Ai Ji. T C rri .'- -: f 1 .-..n .
,.i, -i<- .0th. CC',n ti.- it.: -- : i:: E::cc-ll.-nc Ethe. OG.v ';,n: c
1 rt;- _'c l,,, Tlirht in thic :i.:i --.ft .-hich t.. t
fi: r ,: ]our. -< l oir"':' 'it d-,'eprt; :1 t Scn,or -'- ;h1
':l t.
A ,.rr.,-t" : "orth ,I-ric-n IAVIOIT .e''rrivi'. '; fn'I.-.

V ._ r--.:-io.nt ,i T C Inte-rn tionl Airli', Thi .
, i.-,- .--. .- h : .f't L, -, : i,; .r v i c. o n t h e ik c i 0 : .'n / S ,:.i. S -.. .
r,..t' c -, .'. t .L ,*._, :-*.-.: of Ihr, rt.oc'y 's vi .It '.. L t,. '.: I

iti -n ..i --, tl--r..i',:-- pr, ovidin T: the Colon, ..t -. :, : Ji _
t: ,.- .: -.'. I fr the U itc.d St t: c It i: r ;.-...
hil'i t i ic :,: -;::.,... _; is to 1>: i ,il d', .",th ::,-, .:i', 'ir. v :.: '.:o ,.
Li. *c Aujthorit i.
i 1-.1 rr t-!--

Aiir r it ..O v i-.nt. .: : n thl -: -'r 7 .
F i-.n ari'-:i.n- 1 .7- out. :.--:ii ,'.. -. t l: n. a
., nni: 0'' i 71ot"n .i .,h O. C .'.-n ..1 : i ::-
.-i .i:'j. : :, 10' '- in crr l :-- :11 .. ?
-i '"r.., r? -r i n l .

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