The Angelus

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The Angelus
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Days ol
Wek ...... ... .. ....... ..... ..
I F. Circumelniin of our Lord. Iloi.t)A Tor Out.l- Mnon'a Phasesi
IATI0S. Epiat.. Tit.T I. I 1-1it; Gorp. Luke. 11.21
2 tOcnive of .St ,,llhe, t .2,r oon,
A3 N. Oclavlof f t. John. ipm't. ccwluia xv. 1-7; I First Qr
fiosp. -lohn xxi. 20-24 18 Fuil Moon
4 Mf. Octave of thile ihol Innocents last (luarle
5 TI Vigil of thie EKlihnnv. St. Telenphoran, P.,M.
it W. tr'IrIIANY or OUl Ibutt i
7 Th. Of the OItaved of itlit' pliioiIny
8- F. Of the Octalve
-1 Of the Ohrlav'
II) S. Sundaiiy In there Octave of fllt Epiphany. Kpltt.
Itm xi, 1-; Gosp. luk 11,2-5 L'nrvalenl whl
ii M. l e lr tave. S. It. ilygin. I'ope and Martyr Ti.e vten wmat
12 T. Of llhe Ot: IV, T
13 WA. Ollave of the lpiKplltny the year; dilly
14 Th. iSt. lI. llltnr, lllc ('o,,itl'esr. nnd I o.lor of still trnltnure I
the CLtrcl. St. tl',lix. Martyr little over li
IG F. t t. Pal Firllt rmit.l S. S laur. Abtt, It
16 6. St. 3Marlellus. Pople and Martyr sure I high, ma
17 No. Second Sunday after Epiphany. Fawr or
TIIE IIoiY NA1MK r O I4l'M.t. St. Anthony.
SAbbot. Kpltt. A.l iv. 8-i ; Gotp. Lttke II. 21
18 M. (hair of St. 'etert it Itotln. St. Pris .. V. M.
.11j T. t. Lanllie, K., M. MS. Marilsand Coup Mil.
$21f W.. it. Faiaen,,, and Mt. ha'linllan. iartyr
I1 I'b. St. Agnes, Virgin and lMartyr 1 Public lol
22 S. Vincent and AnaniitUnls, Martyrs 4 Licensing
23 S. Espollls of thle V. Ml. and St..Ios p'. St. A Hupremn (
nmerelntiana. Virgin and Martyr i lIeopnn
24 Su. Third Snday after Epiphany. St. Timothy,
BslnMp and Mrtyr. plst. I Timl. 11-1i;
Go>p. Luku xlv. 21.-33
26 M. Conve-.lon of St Paul
20 T. St. Polvcarp. Bllphop anil Martyr

27 W. St. John Chrysoelom. Itlshop, COfr., Doctor
21 Th. Of the B. Sacrament. H. Agnes. w.actodo
211 F. St. Franelst of Sales. Ilshop, Confessor, Doctor 1
3il S. I St. Ma"tlina, Virgin and Martyr
31 Si. Fourth ulnda after Ellpp. St. iPt. errNolas *i
SC., Eplat. I (; Gobp. Luke xiI.32-84 7


er .

Sun rtsw
7 at 6A3
14 at a.3I
I2 at 4.3 1
:l at 01,3I

ild fro N, shilling to NM or NW.
re I low, giving tle minimum of
average 7'. 'The rainy season
hut I, uncertain. The average Is
Inchtir. Trie atlnmophoric preom
'erage being 30.03

iday. Dog tax due
battling of Magistrates
court sits at Corozal
g of the Schools

Circumrcion. Hlolyday of Obllgation.
High Masn
Epilphnn). h1'gh Maa
Marriages may be solemnleed

1st month



Vicariate Calendar Page I t liitorieal Sketch oft he (Ctholic Page
Colony Nutes 2 mission in Brit. looduras 9
"St. John Berchmanl' College 3' Bendicion de lan Ilteia cnO().W. 13
St Catherine's Convent. 4 Exhibition of School Work 16
Letters from the Fra. Gillet 5 Chroni.c-le f the S. Heart 18

SCOLON Y NOTES. much care and labour; but they mimt not forget
-- ito thank God andl therefore he a.ked them to
N l Sth of Dece.,bher last :,, l Ce- say g'ace.
CiN a of Dc .llr ln fo'rm i I lnThe receipts were over a $0oo, Iut tihe nct
.i ibrary, wa- held i r oceedws were So. which will hue expended in
Riverside Hall. At it was foreseen 1i"Yng h"Iliks t. add to the prese.,l s,Iall hl.rvy.
that there would be no romn without over- '
crowding, the I..wvr loom ww alho e gaged. (t l he .lh IDccc her the BIs.ed Sacraniten
Both the Apollo and the Colonial Orchlestal'ad w CIexlC"se fur adoiato l (., 6 ta.i. till /
Bands were ill atteldanc, lid added to tle 'p.'. i" the Cathedral. Belie. 'his Expositioln.
gaiety of the gathrin-. y playing altcra: tely 'i'ichnwas" ill;urar:ated ill Iliz in i8).. is in
throughout tlhe evealli.. Professor O'Dahlemao ""' th lhe prrpeluan a.l..iati..n 'o tl.'
Sgave long, varied aI interesting display of ',acred Heart .f 1Tesus estlallishlI. in the Church
hleig!It-of-hand, which puzzlel and altoni'lhed If .s rtiae. l i. To this lia;e been form-
his vouthtful audience, though they were deter- ll. affiliated molre than o000 churches, each f
min'ed to find out o*anae of his tricks. which takes in tirn a, duriiig whici
In ithe aience af his L..rdship the Hishoip, the fathll watch and say cc aain appoinaii,
I'r. I lopkint oupned ile eveiiihg. He told the. pr.'yers before the MLost 11;1) ..airanlicit. in
Children: ;, of thia fe:ait Is o received Con-
It wasl c fle they could cut their cake and "i ""ni"" The walching wa s well kept lp
keep it. hut thilt eveanig tliy were guoilng eat ir throughout thie 'lay.
their ice-ecrcalI and the g)iiod things prepared l
for them, and have them over again in the 0goo O i the 20th. a cliurc. cerreni y, iev to tile
nid interesting hoaCnks. which wild hie nught people lf UJlize, took place in the Catlialral at
ot of the Iproceeds of that evenilig. And when 3 p.i.--the cllns.ecration liy Bishop Dil'itro ,.
he said good. he did not mlean g,.ol and plaiai. threu neaw bells pissellted" by thlt; HII,, M.
like bread. hlt good like cake which they wouli Rosado and of an iold onle, g;aven to the chlrch
elnjy whilst reialiiig.. Sn I lreafter when a hvy y'.ar ago hv Doni Fleipe fl'ah eri. After tie
was reading asme interest tng ook h recitUtian (if "ix pI.:alnla, tlhe Bs hop Adklenlhl ,
Library, like IRobitusn Crlinsoa, he might siav' blessed salt and water, which were mingled it,-
Wh. hloaghI t this hook? I with niv .3 cents, gelaer, and then wailsd the lblls with the
I thought thi. look." But he nmut not lie so hlessed water within and without, signed them
trte oft that. lThe ladies who presided at lthe u"tsidle with the oil of the sick and inside with
tables were gohag to give the children the full cl"rion,. Iand lastly placed under them four
value of their 25 celnt. Tliiln how could tley thurilels with hurnmag itncense. The whole
have any mlnaey over to buy hooks with concluded with the reading of the gospel St.
SThat was their secret aid they must be witch. Liuk x, 3--. During the ceremony prayers
es to have such ma.ic power. Who were these were said that the sound of the litlis might avail
ladirea Well to the right was MAiss Martina to ftumon the faithful, to excite their devotion,
Garcia and to the left Miss Dotninl ga Folgarait, to drive away storms, anl to terrify evil spirit.
whilst those who held the hlue and yellow Thes powers of course are due to the blessings
tickets would receive a warmn welcome il the sand prayers of the Church and not to any effi-
regions bellow from lMr. Cornelia Jonch and cacy supr ntitionuly attributed to the hell 'itself.
Miss Emmas Monsanto. They should thank these At the end of the ceremony his Lordship
ladies then for the nice things prepared with so gave' n interesting discourse explaining the

Sorigin Iof tlle siie of bells in Churches and the Obs1ervntin lwas ri-erally nattracted to Ihe
i ine aning, of the ceremony hey had just witn-sedl. specimens of penill.mnship exece-te i1 m the black
-- rd, durn-(I tihe contest, which were the more
The nilnllight Punlifical Mlass was well cridht.ble frues the rotigimes of tile iiiatieljls
allrn-ledJ :And the u-ial plea--il g Pastoral ; made Iuse of.
SSvimphon was sungm a% the Offertory piece. A Theereatfeature, fllieevening's-entertailinment
lhorl senini was preached by the IRev. William, was "Sketches of English history, illustrated by
I WallaIce explniiniHg the ineaIil g ald the spirit 1 sciopticmn'views." So iotercting And realistic a
.'f lte After the Mass there was a .sh,,rt series of vieosl. has even been ixhit iledin lllize,
" ,, displai of fireworks whilst the Apollo I :ndl as t tilheexpressic and accurate 'ntnorative
pla3eil ini the'Churchyard. feat performed by lMaster Jex., a g.hid omeal
might well hve heei awarded hii for that aloev.
A Christmas Tree and H.aznar was. well at- In "The small hy's revlt" all acteditheir paits
S tended ii Christmas Eve hblt oil the other dait I well Illt as s as to be expecteil. Young, Rapid"
oni which it was hldl there was a great falling of other days, bore off the alhn. I1 every exhibi.
off, compared with some fior:uer years. tion in which lie takes a part, he gives )romise 01f
l --- ibeiin onIe 'f the future chaimpimnll. H is musical
S On .Snday z7th a collection in aid of the display both vocal n.l instrulmeclita! elicited
Public Schools wis madel at all the services inl great applause.
the Cathedral, but the amount realized was very The spellini bee was a new feature in tIhes
little over the ordinary Sunldy offering. ()ne exhililioiuis, and it is to he ihop(.d will always
k*ind ficimil to education, however, added $5. rairnkas anll iipoltaiitlranchloflediccatioll. G(Joo
-. -. --- peiiii.iansllip aiid lbal orth)ogaphlly are IIlcull-
ST. JOHN ERCIINIAN.i' COLLEGE. ge"ial c.illpaniols.
Sl uch pleasure war afforoled l t the anlience
by the pretty songs with which the scholastic
S, (COI(SIUNICAl 1isn) exeicises weele diverillied, as well as by the well
,i lIll IL .llll.Lrlent lI i 1111 s inliitio llf executed bclectioil performedlby litellmera t" L
S, .....l.. 1 ..l ..g. tle 'l,0h olist., Uni.on orchestra" under the.killful dirctiuii of
I I- he pu il of thi.. li-.lI.dhilent, Mr. E. TrumnlIach.
SI ~~'l .i- lcc til nth h inc I leasure by Alter the distlihution ,f prizeN. if.which alst
.. I.,.... tIl sinh inil.iltoii ., :15a lie irect llectioll is here iilixed.l Iis xcllencyv SiAlre\ d M.,lney.
' Ili.1 sllli)d L tl b l Illlpuls the ini a few swell chose words, coaiS:laulated tihe
ei.nll i| L)Uer. 4th1 Ibby9 auull ell :t vi Lfr their pupils ilon the success o(f their effirls throughout
i nici'. i 1111n llns ocL..iiull. tle evening, which rtefkcted much credit mn their
N.-lr %. i, I i i. t r\li.l.llhit of Itle nil uelrous and gifted instructors. Ile also reitetlatce the advice wlich tilled St. I.hll 's hall, which he has persistently givill from y, ar to year
i';iI tllpp.l'lterd. T'lie illtn III.nta s lprrech was to pircenIt alild children concerllillig tile necessity
S li CCeile by .11m r C.laIle l l lllm llg cleai y of regular attendance at schlllut, and dlligiclt
S 1 ill il.lilll i. s .11 I 1 ilh I ll L 1 ,L; .C III Iaillnu cr. home preparation of stulies.
I I 11. 1lth1le ot f IlIe (ploIrlianiiIm Ihlih was to fol- We ho4pe that Ilii appeal to -Ile land all inter-
I*ow wani the il iiIgenuuuslneib wilh w which hedepre. csted ill education will meet with a hearty re-
iatleil Ithe ullempiiits of himliill anid his juvenile spoute, aind that so useful al ilistittionll as St.
'Lumpnl.ioiii. iiild cravel Ille iulllull6riic of the John Berchlansi' college will never fail forwant
-uludiei.'Le. left ilolill..i to lie desoilud. of pecuilary support.
The lI iuter iln l.l, i ighl glsh ai.d Spanish
'(; f.Academnic class shewedi h1w carefully lhey had Overture. La Uuoii Orchestra.
Spell c.lrnedr user the ground work ill these lan- Song--"The Old Oaken Studtnts.
Ila;I' TIhe Uilllilli If pIudicicy u Hich each Introductory [Ilucket'1 Charles Littlepage.
llay hereafler .cq,illi sill d tlIeld un hil ownll
Scollillnou applicauluno alftr Ik.iing school. A TllK WAI OI TIli I1tIES,
t Ihi.iugh ktnwlieile of elementary rnide is the A C.test in Stude Robert 'l Jex,
luniialon slone of luture proficiency. WIlllla Stephen.

( 4 )

A Chapter from English Robert Jex.
Iitoryy, Illhstrated vi'"s
Chorus," ColtegeSogC"' Stdets.
Wal l:ce I ittlcpagc., Rnnnlo ]Mlrtinez, Ricardo
olmin, G(regorio nldriil, Manuel Hre..
A Spelling Bee .Preparatory Clas.
n :. C-, I .THI c NI RILL.
.. (* Laughing Chorus.'
Interlidec a*'
MussiSc La Uion Orchestra.

Gold Medal of Excellence Roert Jex.
was awarded to. I
English, Premiunm t
Reading a Spelling, Robert J. Je.
Arithmetic, Wi\l. Stephen.
S .. IWal. Stephelln,
Latin-Equal, Roert ex.
Gold Medal of Excellence Charles Littlepage.
Alilihmetic, istPreinium leninet Harvey.
S nd Charles Littlepage.
Grammar & 1 s Charles Littlepage.
Composilion 21 "i Wallace Littlepage.
Readling 1 t .Charles Littlepage.
aiid Spelling I 2i a )lJohn Ronmero.
history and tst \Valltiice Littlepage.
Geography I Id Charles Litlepags.
Drawing, il Hlennet larvey.
ld 0" Romulo Martines.
Penntall.hil1. l.t i Sanliago Tolosa.
zd rdwin Perret.
Cateclisni, iad I leiirv Galb.
Sanish. zml Wallace Littlepage.
'tPAToily besCON, drIiSION.
Gold Medialatf Excelence lierncia 11. loop.
Gramntiar, tst Ptelnit u lCIerllaoN B. Keop.
ac lnd ilci Mcarchalid.
SArihn Mallliuel Reyves,
2nd Lucio Marchanld.
Spelling, t I lernlan B. Kmp.
Readi d Emilio Kuylen.
ea.dig, t ," iiey 1 u-Ile.
ith Willie Hulie.

History and i istPremitun Herman B. Koop.
Geography, 2nd Manuel Reyes.
I'enimanlship, it aphael Cardlon.
2nd Hector Guillen.
Catechism, 2nd Manuel Reyes.
For Excellence, st Prem. Recardo Molirn.
, 2nd 1" Wilhelm Lind.
Prize given )by ; Ili xcclliency, Sir A. Mol.lincy.
K.c.t.o., for Eglish Hi-story, VWin. Slephilen.
Prizes given hby 11i. Lord4hilp, Ilishop Dil'iciro,
fur ExctleHtil)tI tprtilicilt (the vote 4f the
Stcldeluti C. Lt. h pa;ge
hi Caitecli.,ll, 3rd Atlcadinnc R. I.ex ;
." t Plremparatory W.Liltlepage;
S an2ld ** tl. H1. Kouop.

Prize given by I lon. E. 3. Sweet-Escotl, c. tM.G.,
to the successful contestant ill the Public Ex-
niiinlatiiil. Robert Jex.
Prize given by Hlit. C. Meldiddo in the 'uhlic
Spelling-mlatchl Gabriel Gaborit.
Prizes givell I, Hon. Jose Maria lRusailo for
Spanish, 3rd Acaldemic. Robert J. Jex;
lst Preparatory C. Littlepage.
Prize given by A. E. Morlman Fnquire, for Pen-
lniauiship I.ouis Trumbach.


.he Sihters of Mercy; we render with
irenwerd pleasure, our annual tcKti-
iolny to the supreme enjoyment llf.
forded to all who were (faviuryd with
ilnvitaliiuis to attend the closing exercises of their
The sight of so large an liasemhlnge of Chil-
dren, whose countenances beamed with purity
and happiness, imparted a charming influence
on all beholders; and this, combined with the
continuous proofs given throughout the evening,
of the skilful training bestowed nil them by their
teachers, increased if possible the high estima-
tion ii which these accomplished ladies are held
iin Belize.


To have been invited simply to an exhibition
of studies, and to find that the evening's .enter-
talinment was in reality a musical concert-
though diversified by the occasional introduction
of scholastic exercises-was a most agreeable
And first as to the. "Little folks."
The sweet ring of their childish voices, their
*appropriate gestures, tasteful costumes, andt
happy little faces, formed altogether a most at-
tractive part of the lengthy progranmme.
In this division of the school all must concur
in awarding the highest praise to Miss Antonia
Koop, the little six year old girl', whose papa,
we feel siaur, piust have afterwards taken her up
in his big strong arms, and kissed her again
and again." Also to Miss Elsiu Sheran, who
so pathetically bewailed her sld fate uas the un-
fortunate middle girl of the family."
When it is remembered that all the pupils of
St. Catherine's Convent who had received a
lengthened course of training and instruction
Shave passed away, the success of the musical
performances during the course of the evening
was indeed mIarvelous, considering that it was
Attained, with but few exceptions, by pupils who
have only recently acquired proficiency sufficient
to admit of their appearing before such a large
audience. as that of the 22nd ultimo.
It is safe to say that there is not one young
lady in this town, who has been educated else-
'where, who could compete with Miss Eulblia
Muiioz in uniting tasteful expression with bril-
lancy of execution as she did when rendering
piano-forte solos.
Miss Avelina Price likewise merits honourable
mention in connection with this accomplishment.
Among the junior performers on the piano,
Sthe Misses Winxerling, Miss Gertrude Girbal,
Iand Miss Maggie Burn acquitted themselves in
a most praiseworthy manner.
SMiss M. Gonzales, Miss A. Knight, Miss G.
.Giibal, and Miss E. Mufioz-as mandolin
Jplayers-contributed pleasing items to the pro-
erumine. and as Miss Muiox added to this a

performance on the guitar, the gold medal
awarded to her may he considered to have been
meritoriously won.
In declamation, Miss Rosita Salasar gave pro.
mise of becoming a good elocutionist, should
she persevere in the cultivation of this art.
The display of fancy-work was distinguished
by variety and beauty; andt the collection of
paiintmgs in water-colours may be said to have
formed a miniature art exhibition of thelnselves.
Such specimens of pencil-drawing and penman-
ship, as were handed round for inspection, met
with universal approval,, as, so accurate were
they in execution, that there was diticulty in
distinguishing between original and copy.
His Excellency Sir Alfred Moloney, but ex-
pressed the sentiments of the entire audience as
well as his own, in the mead of thanks and ap-
probation, with which he complimented the
Mother Superior of the Convent, and the com-
munitv, in respect to the admirable iannuer in
which one and all of their pupils had acquitted
themselves, and the enjoyment experienced by
all present.
That St. Catherine's Convent should ever
have to be closed for want of patronage and
support from those on whom it has the highest
claims, would prove so calamitous to British
Honduras that we refuse to contemplate such a


ANY of our Readers will
be glad to hear news from the late
missioners amongst us-tte Fathers
Gillet, and so we give a few items
taken from letters received durhig the last month
Blue C:liff, South Africa,
October 19th, 1896.

Our summer is just beginning, and to-day we
reached 95$ in the shade, but please observe as
Br. Ostrowski says. we get all four seasons of the

( 6 )

ar in one day; for the morning temperature
ewas only 56", d so it goes on wit like. Po-
wportion loughou t the year, only in winter,
therinotictter in mornling 340 sndll at mtidday 7po.
I wish I could invent some news to tell you
but there is none, but our anxieties. Missiuis
work is routille-work with few or no variations,
and seldom with a cheering one. Of course it is
to be borne it mind that we are here for the
coloured people, not for the whites, so that we
have not condiment even to our daily fare. But
sonheody has to be at thle' bottom nd make
the foundations and others at the top and or.ia-
nienl the labour done below; some will sow and
others will gather in tile fruit. n ihis short
experience iin Africa, Fr. Sykes has seen that
there is no glory in a native missioner's career,
but an unknown life and an unknown death.
We are also daily experiencing the maletdic
tion'.of Chain. locusts have done their work
and are still about, but drought is most trying,
and unless water comes soon, it will come too
late. 'hen the Cattle plague has de.solated the
countries north of us and lias reached our fron-
tier, and within two months at its rate of advance
it may be then without bread, without
meat, without water what shall we do?1
Kinmest to a'll.
SBegging your Lordship's blessiiig.
I am, .
Yours sincerely in Christ,
Fr. Henry is Superior of the Jesuit Residence
at Dunbrody, .Grahlamstownl, Cape Colony.
Here there is a school.for Kafir boys and gitls
which is doing good work. The children arc
being taught trades and useful occupations so
as to form good citizens and good Christians,
From all accounts, evangelising the native pop.
ulation of South.east Africa is a very uphill
taxk. Thie Kafir tribes for the tost not
comprehend the very elements of natural moral-
ity, and it is therefore difficult to instil into their
minds the isublime tenets of Christiality. The
hope of doing solid good i chiefly in the reli-
gious education of lte children.
The following is one from a number o letters
written by the children of the Dunbrody school

to the Very Rev. Father Sykes, S.J., the Supe-
rior of the Mission, shortly after his arrival in
South Africa:
Bey. and dearHiuperior,-Wechildren of Di)nbrody'S
school were waiting a long tine for your Revernmce.
We heard that your lReverencu is coming to ibe our
new Superior. We hope thatl your Iteverence will be
so good and kind to sn. jist as our late Superior has
been. We'were praying for your Reverence, that
yo many come soon to your children.
We promise you to lie good and obedient children
to your Reverence, and we also promise you tlht we
will all.pray for your Reverence and do your rules
that you give us. We beg. for your blessing. We
must tell you that we have a little kind athler who is
master over us, the 1ev. Father Gillet, but we want
your R everence to coie too. We are very grateful
toyour Reverence. May our Lord grant tls blessing
on your Reverence, thatyou n y be a fiithbful servant.
to your God. Please cole and help the Fathers in
Dunbrody: We are waiting for your Reverence.
We all pray'that you may be In good health to Dun.
brody.-We are your devoted children of St Anne's
The Mission has suffered lately from three
scourges-drought, cattle-plague with conse-
quent dearness and scarcity of food-and in
Mashonaland have heeu added the further
horrors of warfare carried oil with uncivilized
baibarians. The Jesuit community living at
Shishawasha near Salisbury (Mashonaland)
narrowly escaped being cut off and destroyed
in the late rising as appears from the official
report of Captain Taylor, who was sent in
comminaid of a patrol to their relief. His
accouuit was published in the RhUodesit Herald,
July l, 1896:
A patrol consisting of twenty-one men of the Natal
Troop, twplv men and two officers of the Saliabutry
Field Force. and Umltall gun detachment., paraded at
2 a.m. on Thursday ilorning for the purpose of rcliev-
ing the Jesult Failhers situated In the Chliswasha
Valley. and proceeded along the road. Mr. C. T.
Stevens betterr known as ** Lion" Stevens) and Mr.
Uanmiubell acting as grlides. Oni arriving at the gorge
we decided to bake the short cut there. On entering,
this road we found trees placed across the pathway
for the purpose of.obstruction, and giving alarm to
tle enemy. Whistling was heard by Crorporal ob-
son before entering the gorge, which was continued
during our passage, showing that they bad evidently
noticed our arrival. Signal fires were also observed
in the bush. On arriving within two hundred yards -
of the Jesult's house we halted and consulted as to
the best course to be taken to show that we were a
relief party. I ordered the scouts to advance to the
house; they did so and were tired at by the Jesult's
sentry. We shouted to them that we had come to
their assistance, to which they replied with hearty

( 7 )

blihee:r-. We then sauldlid lip thelr horses (nine) ind
tRot their iarllr.nanl Itlnuiiliii lil oittogether. pItslingl
Vdltll-ts airotlnd the Ilolns* In i' Illtellllntllin. Trl'
iYi1(ltLig? reported thlat thely saw the enenuy tfeliin
t ntms In inlU iil :pllio of lur return ly the stnie rnl'iid.
.Wt IIlL llte Iilh inse 1tOll tit lylighl. ul, l I ItelgIi'tii
iKu ropraen fnd twenty natives lI Ils'e imploy of Alit
JsII.lll. Wa notllie'ld 'rveral I1ite onl the n1djoilnti.'
kojtiut. whiltli hilt Ideen lit IelnIM'llienlt to ouri arrival.
nid (n t li u dlvlt!i of otr gtlldtn. whot Illd h i tlhortigh
Iknowlhedtc of the (oilltlryv. we! retCrlltled Ih l ffernl-it
Iou:l. After priteetldinil one und it lallf n illes. we
nl i I scvelral miore! ll rte. and li-re th tlirst shot wVla
,1-.1 jI iu ltl tlhe enelmy. lllnd firing wsll kept llp ii
w,.i' prouceiftl'd. A li'ge. krilil wasil initi-ed t'-ross lito
,v1allt-. and our giitid (Caiit Ipltell) ant l Se rg'4itl Ii n-
de lpl;on. iti(lotiin alitme nttivie there, weP ItllldiIateIly
'Olie'nll l tinnren tlIem. killing tlnhree. 'JTlIt 'ItIt ls no-
"'tic-ed natlives I ryii to cut ius tff o nl the right. (I O
Co)inlgI to :I lhir:ge ikoje, twent-y yards t1o or righl.
ji': ltii..v llring wi. op!'neil tin its. killing Li.oni'
t i venl. hntI, wit fllotl" hr tih t lih h le t Ilrl-, .ii lltli)
killing Trlooliil- F'il:h'si horse (fhol throilghi lli,
'Deeck). IImiin'dlatellly Ilsent (ullaln larrlson with
Fiot iiie tn rondl tlhi kolpj Io clt'Illii ffi offll tlh iy
eollild iee noltting ixel 'pt it niltlv. 'lion wnnit sitlilt I1y
;iTroop'r Cn(rwl.'. ']'lis wis nilso lit na;live whi rllhot
't,+t, ens. 'T"lie liring wits tlt) hill, it attend It or linir
'iStieven.. so 'Irooiper Wildli lown dita'nilllnted lsit
't'IL hlil rifle iand ialndulltrr. torporalll Ihlllmson takigkl
"li- horse. \Ve Ilhll h 'proetded I 11h <'kly ats pipihle.,
r;tlil' I tI e Ii-ling kelit tilt fIro t lii1' lsh ii l lll tilildeI ;
.?tlI| M'ol 'prIotedin ver" ,tinuoly with.a fronilae
"olit ir-uit' i tiei I'd l.( tn etifnlti- n'h I tii'ft I rlllie
"'ollr rtighl Ilunk hllr'e Illllntld. reportill II.n Me illvrs
'ISdnvaIr lug IiiIsilly in tlitr dinir-'li0n, bill keepling
llinderli lti and rock. I gavv or'r'ffi o ai) vance i t'lf
-qlllt-klyv ti Iiil itilhl. ndIIII ill o lrivlng itltHtI. four llell-i
'! f rtliT i. ln11 1I i nl l II i* l "op .l. rI .n Lwe dfis'imIni tl'. Troop' r Jl, sollnon liad leil left Ibr-l.
hllnd. ovingt to lil hinrse beIng exlh:all-ted; ialso
Tri'prill r liook Ilnd Iloltinllel', Ilre miller clarryl'ln
one of Ilu .J'l-s on ii t iorse. Alller lile Illt I lilek
three iini hloark It tliai il In bringilng oilt ihreW min,
twlo wer unatible to proved flil. I Imayn li-re n'lirk
1 hIatSergenut Ilerndir un lbehavel d wit ll get pliik
in remaining belluld with hlicfie meiin. although thle
Siyillver- wi-re advtanotlglitoe iln his right. tatd h iglial
It II Iy iIniOtl Iti i iil liilii tj tOff. I'O rejoining our
inIt we disiimoinlt d for a Irw nt iiullllu rel, inid
iftirwairdsi proieeded to atllisbitry). i Ihere twe arrived
1t 11 n.m.l I wish to explre-s ni it)n ilia'itlln Iof llie
iilaible .snrvle.-s T enidered by llr. A. 1). IUnL'li:l,
teio. llli e oulluin lt nner. nrot iliilhllloriil iiln l
kniowl"tldge of the vointry viero Ilitlenalile lo lhu
elrlief teI lht .Jestilt and tho othbrs.
Father Silvin Gillet writes from New Amntuer-
laim, Bucrice, which is in the eustern division
4'(f British Guiana. He says tite town with its
vGovciliieirnmntuildings i nmuch like Belize. For-
'ierly Berbice wits a Colony selparited from
i0einerara. New Amisterdam hai about 9000

Ill his ilet'rs to bi I .ordhip Bishop jil'iclro
dated October :2tll amd November 6th, Father
Silvin sy v:
.....I i have litCi able to form a Yountg lien's'
guildl of tltte 30 ilililreit It llyn' guiiil ul '5,
i Womenli' ,thtl i f .some 6o....
On the int Sundayll (oil ctobiier) I torlganiiell
:i proces'si public, miiind yolu. Crowds Cmale It fill 'llie
Church niid streets. 'The Ruluary was recited
oillthe public road, iniich Il the edificatilion of
the heretics. All passed ioff splendidly. lietilli-
fill banners Iltmade by the Url'ulilne nunt fli o tedil
in tile lir in it it title (o if the Illessed Virgin unidir ii guorgeioults wooden canopy wils
carillied uipoil the shouldcrni 6, fuir men. Aconiu.
iplieicd by the A\lllr-hiyon I walked iehiand in
coelc. All thit for the list time in tle' public
streets of New Am,.leruinll;n, lielhice.
I have IIt visit live (oul) stations which I do
by ctarrilagu. No Htire riiin CorteI &: Co., life
,IIlI is tilloo uch here, an we aire till in ilhu eUIn.
Here all i. flat tad ditches. \e have good
splendid rtiis, imadie i i liurt cartlh, with tren-
ches ll either tide. Itiit ii Hutler lia lueeti
very ill. hutI I Iiilt) Illly lo ay lie i. well ugailn.
PIoor Ca-innii of hill)llpy itvit ilry in ivelllaiidit has
lceii trinsplatiled lt the I rtLugitese Church,
Georgetown to l I TllPortluguese.
Novelmber 6.... The Iirst prlicenninii tIook sc.
well, thllt I vetiluled to limike the ilndl, a vely long
onlte, tay fruim youir iCalithedil to Gu1vertlienti
lIoitit and back byi aiio lier street. I secured
the iervicels of beveni ptioliceuIenil in ca ie of liny
trouble. \Ve carrieil cro.t aindl callles, seveii
Beautiful Haunniers antil so Altar-huyn bIatring
lirclict went witllh me vested in cope. The new
(Guililn mail e n great show. I hall now feel
sure oif Iliiking i belier show oil siomle fullre
On All SoillB, I had them outl agllip, for the
firtt tillme to go t lhe CahIiipo alliilo wliich wat
crowded. W hilst goiin. to atd rettirnigi ftroml
the Cantpo we recited IIte Ruhlry aloud it tflle
public streesl, llad tnot it wo wna s said in uppli
sition. 1 consider it a great victory, linid I trust
that ouiraii lloindum s will not let good cusltuii
fall .waily, which do huci all iniounit of guod
aiontng lile peou)le.
I til(lon hnve ilid already onitlt 65o conifeaiuilH
during Ocltolber antd Fr. McNeil a lot more-all
clue to this shaking tip. To-diy I caught a big
fishits a blessing tfler lll tle processions allnd
public dlclcarti

(8 )

I d like to have a p i at Honduras than I wanted, here I have almost nothing to (do
wouS lik. I shall be ost happy to hear except study the language. The Bishop gave strict
news from elig orders that I was not to preach in English so in
Snew orm eadiig and trying to talk Coolie. the pulpit you will not find me. In the courts-
It is very nic reani easier to get it than May, sional a little, because the three pricsis here have.
I use thvery e are books. been at this church for 20. 16 and 12 years and
cause there are b theyhave all the sheep in their pounds.
SFather Cassian Gillet writes from Georgetown, Fr. Compton Galton has come out as Acting
the capital of British Guiana and a city of some Vicar General, to be Vicar General, if Fr. Rigby inhabitants. In.his letter he says: does not return.
Fr. McNeil has gone tllo Berbice as company
I hoqe eveiy -thing about Church and College to Fr. Silvin. Silvin has quite captured all hearts
is at least'in stat uso. and that you will not be there and quite a remarkable revival has taken
forcd by eco cKrciatlCiiti treLreLich lltem. lac All is bluster aind life and bang. The
To tell ilhe truth I find things really mire econo- Bi l'iP Ipeasd and iwes a little debt of grati-
imical and straitened here than in Honduras,t h,' tude to B. Honduras.. Fr. Smith is working well,
we have $12,000 per annum. ecclesiastical grant right away at the end of the Colony among a
from Government, and you have nil. SpIaislh-speakirg population. At my little village
But things here are on a European grade. If just outside the City. I am lgointg to start an In-
vou have a horse and carriage you nust have a dustrial Farn if I can get the land lent to me.
groom and lie must keep up his turn-out in Rot- The Bishop wants it and so with that authority
ton Row style. All nust be as bright as a new I take courage. He says that if I succeed in doing
pinl. Then our churches are really works of art in that I shall make my .name famous in George-
wood. As Fr. MNcNeil said vou beat us in KEng. town! Look at that! You see imy plan meets
land ill the way of churches."' In fact all is very with approval all around, and if I get under way,
fine and wealth expresses itself here as il Englaind, and can show a nice result. the Governmient will
so that when hard times come, the pinch is felt "help with a grant. I propose to give I of the pr.-
all around. It is very prettvto see the fine houses cceds of sales to the Gardener, so the more lie
and handsome ieuij ges along the good streets, works the gi after hie will get. 1The other half
You see I have changed my addi ess and it was will be divided into quarters. One gotst to
most amusing to sie the cu'sterniitioi of the school-miaster, who will be lTime Keeper and
congregation of liiickdamn when 1 was moved. IBook Keeper. the other I to be divided almost
I was quite surprised. They seemed to have gotl thle btsa at the end of the year. I shall start with
quite attached to me in the few months I spent 2' boys and these must be going to
amongst them. That came from our training in The'y must each work under tile Gardener'sdirec-
loluduras and Iroin the great number of sick lion for 2 or hours pe day outside school hours.
cases during the hut mouths, which brought me I have at hand a big city market to sell in and
among tlhem a good, deal; It was a sort of eni- the train car stables close by wherefrom 'to get
couragenment to give oneself very much to thle manure.
:por, for if they can:t give you Ismoney they are The Government Grant will go towards ex-
very i rofusI expressions of gratitude. pense incurred and itmplrovements.
areow anl isolated among the Portuguese who. Two large Segar estates are on either side of
ar y cotrel exclusive Iure. You' hardly ste a ame. I hav approached them on the question of
solitary coloured face il this church. Fr. Mvoura letting me use land.
i oroughly on lt gusesu ald las worked They received the application very kindly and
fl d-atngi er the h ats i l spirit, so that from are conferring with the Partners.
fto od ieiars hlie hs gatheredi th Portuguese 1in- Oie sent his carriage for me to talk over mat-
ulo work. Well asH he master ly dote wonder- tcrs and then drove me back! very polite and
time a successor had ,teoay be going away at any ncouragitng.
i"g of Spanish Sa to ube uld and a smatter- St have Bishop's blessing, Gardener, Master,
think that I shall be able to hae lel some one to. boys, gnsd will of parents, aspiration of Colony,
tun gs ly b ? else. en c I/i ro use ol '; t' ilv If Government an my own readiness.
ting s, H at as Bli t I e comical I have all but the land and that is smilingly in-
thitg is, that ,,rkdlan, I had umore to do citing me.

HISTORICAL SKETCH OF THE Iand take cil arg,' ul Ihe Yuc'tec:io sca:ttlerel over
.CATHOLIC MISSION IN RRITISH HONDURAS. the No"''h. '';,h"l'r .'vv'.r, gr'ciouisly acceded
.I to Itheir hltiiinlil ri.eq esit :and in

-- (II[AITI I 1,l sent laithr IRomini, who went to live
in Corl'mzl and to visit git the same titne the
[ril II1,l1 ViclApr Apolstolic :iftr he;iars. of .surroiulingi popiilatii. As the Futher wtas
I disaster Whichha hads Im ulled, left fill of zeal for lilte silvationt of so taslly soull,

.- Il"l ize lie was aicclmpni)lll y Ii, lfegan to traverse the woods of tlle Nmtlh,
.thFall oepli D)ul'oit. Tly rrivedi in tlic le- idmiliinistering the S acr: ini insl ructinig lilt
Sgiinig of iS57, hiind itocllet to work will nil p r |leop)le whl o were ignorant Oif the firs rudIli.
illtnin Of IIS57, and at onlei lil meti work with all I)ilr lltll~h: llo wi.i't OXlll'lll t ill I.
Stleiur an ilitv to urrll., lg how to rise from il i rin l is lts of religioniiisilvaigrliiiig iiisyIlis;,i
p;lius tie Chltirchi iit Residesnce if the 'illhr.,. who iha coei from Yicalt iianI Stulled il tihe
*.T'hey ]egin hy isikii, in I uxehiige if the forests of the North. S -imaniy lablnirs iund. -
Church I ind fi Hlnd belonging to the Itelize gol' i thie ti 111 ult jll jouireysi lie 'iuIl a it make
Estate & Pr'odlulI Co. Ltd ., as bein me lii tile anl the milis lrabl hSils where l.ell s liwia housed,
ce ntIl of the Townl; ind w ith iionley received, without sullicienlt lfood, exSpo. d tu all tlle Idl
p lrt : i donl tioni from the Ai. embly I pall |) rt wc th iillli'r(f l trolic l cliiiatle iisli sed Iy lruisiisl
lborrowcs, they blegCan the builldiig liist of tlle his health, anil w.ein iii
S.esiilencei, afterwLilrds of thl Ciuirchl and lastly s 181;o, lie was visiting l: Siilsa Crox, one of til
io tile .school. list settlements oil thi Colonoy olil th licank of the
' t the citld of the year, it Chlriiias ti e, tlice ive r I li io hie wis struck dl i owni l ty i' lii
Illldies of llelize helld n L ig i a uiiri t llie Cl ircih, illness. \Vthen tlle li>ews of i. illii dain roius conlill.
tylicl liin just elllin roofed inl, flr thle lienelit ofI ulio reiiclheil e lize, Fatiliher Ko ttsili s went it
t:elll isillingll -fult il, with a result fwhiiil was very io ce, and after ser iing the gravity oi the case hlie
satis:fctory. t thought of cillmiarking witlh lii fIsllc licze. The
I. Iu .\.li. 1858, wheni all vwas liniishedl the reitediLes anild nslssinIg Ilstoweiw d oi lwsiil w\ere in
V.,< .\I ..*tolic blessed the new Chliurch ani re- vain ; si ill after mionthli of longii itnl painful
es.i ii, lit,.l tihe e R"sue and t tile School on i sicknessl borne with religious resignaiiton, aild
Settlers foioing than blef.rcl. Tlhe buildlings w\ere aIfter lhaiving received the ilst saciai mets, lis
Qf Iril.k, ixcept thief Rsi.ienslce which for want wt went to receive tlhe reward of lis apostolic lli-
i In... I had to blie itiite of wood. In June of iouris, on 2.thi tiule Si 6,. Born in Milan i27th
li 'e -i.i tear caie Flatllher Chliarls Roshiii, an Octobler, I ios, lie einteelil ito the Society of
It.h.I..i, anldI in Deceuiber, Father Christopher Jesus oln SltI Juily, 18:3, iand wit ordained
Kitlloniiiss, a Germani, was sent froni Jamiicai. priest ini Roumie in 1837-tlie ylr whle Ilie cio-
Wlish tlisec new helpers Fr. Avvairo could bIetter cra caused such mortar n lity in ihe Capitlil of the
adniion.-ler the AMib,iou, because whilst reiiliiln- Ciatholic world. It was there that he gave prools
itig .i. IkHlize with Fr. Kottmisans he was able to of his chasl ity by his coinstan.iit assistance ut those
e iiI I'i. R ssinii iand Fr. P1ieschacon to visit the sick of thile cllleira. lie was Profess.or of lhilo-
lioiih ;sll u. South of the Colony. The inhabi- sopliy and Mathellnatics iii some Colleges of the
tliims u. Corozal repenting of what they had Turin P'lovince, until the Society was expeclled
*d6oiie against the Missioner who .had been sent from V'itdiiouilte. After having been named to
to. 1thei, humbly asked the Superior of tlheMis-. posts int other Provinces, he was at lnst sent to
ilion to pardon them and i ienld again to their Jamaica and thence to Blritisl Iloiidurals. He
ntt.ii at Fatier Missioner to live among therm, wail a ima of much virtue anid learniiig, and

-- t r' -in a few already endcl;red him to then. During the five
qnick at lcarnin tl'l splIk n du wriyn at'd lte ctLyers that lie was in the Colony, lie learned the
monriths he colony sa Thie lsio, f suffered Mava dialect perfectly, and was a true apostle to
Carib of tt heIis dal, which lwa followed by the Indians, especially to those on the River
a funeral very largely jatteudd, t proof of tlhe lelize. As he had given himself to studying
, eraciatl ve which the hihalitants of liclize architecture and, he was very use-
pprfelt for sch rmrkabe fvirtuel i) pronmotiug the material works of the Mis-
Tfel for uch remarkable vsini wasue ate To him' we owe the two side-altars of the
The l. s of Fr. Rossini wascompensated or, Cathedral, and tihe resi by the arrival in December of tw othcr Italian Cathedral, nd th resi ce adtlChurch, which
Fatl.ers, Fr. Cesat Reta and Fr.. Ferdilaud wais built in StaI.n Creek, i settlement il te
larch. This last wais destined to be the true among the Caribs. Tlis knowledge of
fouxler of the Corozal Residence. Maya gave him a great ascendancy over the
Icaicllh Indians, whom he weit to visit different
1861. Sent by Ihis Superior to this town to t times, atl'v hen in 1866, they would have made
occupy the place of the decenaed, in a few ia raid into tlhe Colony, he II H Fr. AVHIar were
months, he gained the affections of the people sent by tlhe Gvernmnut as Imehs.egers of peace
by his aminale character, eminent virtues and to broig atjdut a friendly settlement with them.
above all by his ardent zeal to convert souls to In this same ear, (a862,) Fr. John Ge-n.,
;od. From the Iegining he saw the need of ia ative of llgiit, fixed his residence in
a Church proportioned to the mtinler of Cath lics, which Corozal contained, and, after secur- anng the CCaris of the Colony. fly Caribs we
ing the land for this object, he began 1to get to- dto not now nmea desceminuts ,of the ancient
gether the necessary funds. ltdio can.ibhals wihtom Colunmbus speaks of as
During this year, as Fr. Avvarnos Lodily having me, t in his first voyage to the Islaund of
strength had become much weakened, it was de- Jamaica, but a new race of egruoes, who cate
termined by the Vicar Apostlic to send him from the isle of 8t. Vncent. idr iven thence by
for a change to lte Capital of the neighbouritg the Eiglish in ,96, and who took refuge, first
republic of G .tatemla, Fr. Kottlttlllth 'reluthll ~ ill the island of lRutatn, and tlhence passed over
in his place together with thile other two Fathers. hi the Central Am erican continent.
he excellent climate of Guatemala produced Their true orgin is from Guinea in Africa,
a wonderful effect ei him, r s that a stt end of shnnce they came in 16S5, in i ship carrying a
three ntoths,he was perfuectly restuxored to health, cargo.o egrues fmn that coast. T"hey occu-
and able undertake ga his apst.lic eargof Ne es n that cont. hy
*labours, togepied thle islat c which Ihalruthmore been peopled
laururthip er .t charge the hyldian chrii), (romn whom they inherited .
Pr. Piesclhacin, ni account of il health had to the name. Living under Fretch rule, they cor-
retun. Pieshain,t hi ative launtf ill hr. tene rupted their lawguage by introducing imany
rIliffi .t n, hisecular prist, (now lnlr. Ia, ; French words, which yet remain i their dialect,
Carthagei>, l having been expected from New 1and changed their religion, receiving baptism
Granada tn paying thvnogh prodfessing the Cathullic reigion. Through
.diillculties tie Fpastheirs gh eliz, arr ow th certain ties which they formed with thle Caribs,
Missilu, td oFtheres ha in e trying to w te who had retired to the recesses of the Island,
shlissioti, sith ciffered himself to work amongst
them as an auxiliary. they adopted some of the Carib customs, such
1863 Thi as the shape of their dwellings, their household
nr86. saTis propoan! wias accepted with ge- government, their fishing in still canoes, and
eral satisfActiol; for his xcllcut quality's had their taking the casnava as their principal, sub-

( 11 )

stManti.l food, the eqiivalenit of bread to Fr. (Gem,.o I, the of BIritlih lliduras int-
E:ropeanns. 'lhein they were expelled from the delr tile direction of Fr. A.varmn) auii to leave Ihe
Island, they beaien to populate the lieighbour-I coast of (ti;iealiiwla in the hainis of the Jesuits,
ing coiiintiltal shhois, settling first inl the neigh- who depended oin a Superior residill" in tlhe
hourhood of Truxillo, Spinih Ilolndir;s. Capital of that Repiiublic. Soi it came to p;.s
Thence they passed to Liingsmoiie il Gualtei a-m that Ir. (;Gino fu.'ided tlie lR sidenc' of P'unta
la, entered the Colony by settling at I'Putai Gorda, building, a church and residence in th
(Gordla, ndl occupied the whole southern coast same settlement, with ceriainl funds, which he
as inr ls Slann .Crek. received frio lI a l ietfacin :. in I lilgiumi; and
When Fr. i;enoii came, for the filst timu, to thence ie extelrnedl hlias lpostolic work nhui,: our
the ioillhernl coast of G(uatemala ill I13 with a soutllC rn coi st filri Riedcliff to Stain Creek.
lelgiian colony, who htld conle to settle at SI,. We have very little accout of l.the dloiilg of
Tomias, he took Ihe opportunity of lecominglli the Fathers during, tl.e period from Ii6i toi.
acquaiiiiedi with theim1 in. Livigtoiie, which is 0t.66. Five new lilisqinners came iliting thlli
not fil, distnt flom Sto. 'Tlhoinma. Whin, tll u, tnil it wiring wre Italiainis--. latici I':hiid
therefore, tle colnoy wals broken liup aild went ID)cMistri, Zenobiio C.lovuni, Jlohiln .augllli,
back with him to Europe, Frr. Genon a'ked lpr- Abdlcew ltvn.stro, ailnd I'etr -lri.disi. The first
mission of the Rev. Father (Ge ral to,.retiri s c belonged to the Turin P'rovihe. lie labourdil
a missioier to the Caribs, who had nao much i in- in company with Fr. 'irclii in Corozal, and
terested his kindly heart. In fact, he came in after some years of weary woik, he realinied
aIdX a ind passing tlroiugh leliz.e went direct to a'nll ilvalid for sonie years, Ilhrougl ha ing injured
l.iviigbtoiie, to begin alone the .Mission to the his leg whilt traverhiiig the bush of tile Nor th
Caribs. lie did much good in Livinilgtone and of tile Colony. lie was secut to the U iitld
among tilhe eihhbouring people, buill a small States to see if lie coual ruco.erl the tise of hlis
chapel mnd a residence, developed along them legs, and died in Spriiiglill afitr a surgical
the Cntholic religion, which they hal received operation, which hadl fatal Ilsue. Fr. 'Colvoii,
in St. Vincent, and begin tID educate them, as born of a nubile family of F lureiice, retailnid
thrilugh want of priests they had lccme li- aftesei. fter aI few mIonthI s t Italy,, not having tlle
barbaurins. atliltlh to emniure tile !aho.uirs ,of our rliission.
In 1862 considering it impossihlili for hi i to Fr. S 1ugallli, during hi's two ylei. res.idiece nll
conilinue such heavy work, lie asked, and ob. I elie, was uccupield, amiids his olier wuork ,
'. tained from the Supl)erior of Gualtemala, two in formiing a choir for the ordinary Church ser.
iJeseit Fallhers t6 heVlp him in his lipostolic la- vice, until on account of ill lueatlih, lie wia sent
ours. lie tihen passed over to Piuntl Gordoa back to lEiropie. lie ie id iln Iortuiglal.
amd the coiist of the Colony, in search of tile The l st two Flthers (lF"rs. Ilavaustro tand
widelly-scattered Caribh wislhing to unite, ill one Brinldisi), during the long period of ute years
sole mission, the .Caribs who were living under were of great srC.'ice to lihe Colony. During
two different ecclesiastical .goveriiments-that that lime, were Iuilt lle Church and Residence
of Gualemiala anll that of British lhondurma. in Curo,.li othl hutl a iatial though Inot hanid.
But as that would have produced some confusion son me builigs Th'e.Theulehbse indeed is fairly good
in the government of the Superiors of the and capable of hotiuing with comfort six Fathers.
Jesuiits, seeing that the one inission depelded hlie necessary funds were raised by the active
on the Superior in Guatemala and the otiler on work of Fr. 'arcli, who, having beconiie an I
the Superior in Belize, it was determined by timate friend of all the people, and got together
Rev. Fr. General in 1862, to limit the work of more than 3o00 dollars, had the satisfaction of

( 2 )

building, with this- and .other oncy he had
borrowed at interest, the second Cl rch an
Residence: of the Fathers in the Colony.
Father Andrew Tlavastro devoted himself, in
accordance with his natural chlaractcr, t, evan-
gTlising the poor in Belize and the Indiaos of
living thiver. Ilumble and kindly, he pro-
duced much fruit nmong the lower classes in the
City; and with wonderful copstancy he went
forth every year, as soon as the tropical rains
had finished, to visit the River and spend two
or three months among the Maya Indians. To
himi is due the first chapel that was built on the
River Uclize, under the nanme of St. Ignatius, in
the settlement called the Cayo, bec.aue it is
situated near the confluence of two Rivers. Hlis
work, kept up with regularity, had so christiain-
ised the Ind;ans arid Petenros of the place,
that there was thought of opening there.a Resi-
decce under the care of the same Frther. llut
after ten years of apostolic labours, when lie
was already preparing for a new journey up the
River to establish .the tResidence, he w:as attack.

had grown hardened in vice, presented them-
selves in the, Church in the garb'of penance,
long-continued enmities were healed, evil cus-
toms reformed, drunkenness exterminated and
in order that the fruit of this work might he
lasting, congregations were everywhere .formed
of the Blessed Virgin of the Rosary for wonen,
of the Blessed Sacrament for men or of St..
Louis for children-which until this day remain
with more or less regularity throughout the Co-
tony. When be had finished his Missions, he
took up his residence in accordance with the
dispositions o0 his Superior, in Stan Creek,
where since the year t167 had lben raised, un-
der his dircciiion and that of Father lii, the
first church in that place, and a handsonlu
residence for the Fathers.
The Fathcis were going oi in their work,
each one labouring in one of the four Residences
\\dicih had been already estiiblished, when an
apostate Spaniard, who ha.d taken on himself
the character ot Weslcyan Alimster, came to
disturb the religious peace of our Catllolics.

cd by an obstinate dysentery, and died in BIelie Conjointly with another Minister already settled
the 17th of February, 1877. among the Catholics of the North, he purposed
The last of the five Fathers, Father Peter to gain over to his sect Ihte Indi(as and Yucate-
Brindisi, who came in t866, was by nationality cans of those pats. Gifted with a certain na-
a Greek and belonged to tie bicilion Pro in. ive eloquence amndpossesiMiig well the Spanish
llis coming gave a.great impulse to forwarding language, lie began as it were a new Mission-to
the Mission. Naturally endowed with eminent pervert the faith of that simple people and to
bodily and mental gifts, le was from the begin- destroy the abundant fruit which had leeil
ting, on account of his eloquence, his pleasant gathered dulling the preaching of Father Brin-
and interesting conversation, and above all, on disi. lie prechied in the Protestant chapels, in
accountof his lirm character and ardett zeial for private houses, in the streets, distributed Bibles
souls, entrusted by his Snpirior with the giving and tracts, ihrulst himself into families, and drew
X ssions throughout the Colony. I ie began his to himself the children, tenthg all that they were
alpo.lic work in Belize, and thence he extend- deceived, that the Catholic Fathers kept them
ed t, rt to the North and afterwards to the in blindness, that it was time for them to open
South, J d with results which were truly won- their eyes to the light, andthat renouncingtheir
derfu. According to records left in the Regis- errors and Catholic superstitions, if they wished
tyeW, marriage i t pclE c wlho had been fur to be saved, they must follow the doctrines of
cted bhivig n pblily ii concuhinage can be Wesley. Great was the harm done to souls.
a"l ted bys, who cs amioeig the various towels Some in their ignorance were giving themselves
d vnce, who eameri t ti e Sacrament of up completely into his hands, others remained
ene with tar in their eyes. Sinners, who in doubt not knowing to wiom to cling, when

( 13 )

Father Avvaro, ilnpired hy Go(l, took Father
Brilndisi out of the retreat which lie w!ia then
making in C.or'izal, t contradict the teaching. of.
the.pste. o The Father hand but little trouble
in confuting the errors ol the m w Minister anil
after halvilg defeated him cinpletely inl Corozal,
he followed him to Consejo. Sairleejirn anl ait
la i to Helize. With the exception of sotile few,
who otil accopint of their had li ves could not lie
reconciled to the Church, remained for a time
in Wecleyaanim.. (and yet in the cod came hack
to their old faith,) the great lumber recognlising
that they had been deceived retiirned repetantll
to Ihalir rtliginii. The storm Insted two year..,
itil ilic. iaIjls a tlltu i4h wed .hix; ilnco llnlincy Iby
giving up to liecome an Anglican..
nn d o ecled by dikcreditiing him eif completely.
(1t'O I'. COSNTIl N l)


A prine'ro,. det
fuc de NiiWi .1I
principalvt de la
en junta general,
plaie s, st liarc(l
in n11vai iglesia,
el lia 17 dl Mar
niidad se hendllijo
Suegun Ios plan
lutleva iglesia, c
regal:ldo por los
Francisco Escal
y plile comprad
que %e leivanterin
largoi, .o le anicl
nario, Sacristiii y
)pl sCrin reparlti
talica ell el lite
cololrlcaol., diaspu
estilo plranienlle
diferentex color
el ilporil e total

ESI) iant ltlaa, nnllV s,isihlle se khaiha at in del tIrallajo
hechlio enl Orange Wallk la necesidad tie hadlilo a uinai mid
ivanilati: t ei oI Ivo tple) pilleslo clue el tecto y contrati
anterior, Irv'iantulldo por el P. Pittar en el afl o muchisil o ill ;asl
S177, i ll ils dec Ihlnerse delcrioral lluichoh) p ir lteiglslhi In tii .
icl mala conlltluccioni era nmuy angllsto pr el idon, proinetiecild
crecidlo initiero dle In coligrtgacion calulica. gar el balailnce dl
Varioa eshlerz7s se halan lheclho, parI levlantar el dia oclio de I)i
log fondllto niecesarios, pero nliny tlenue halhianll tempo, li dia dldi
sidl los resutlltadili,,cuindo enl cl Mayo del iino cion de Maria,
antepisaldo. fuie nlil iracdo Superior de la I1ecsi- ntleva lga.s'ia.) e
cdelcial die Orange Walk el Pndre Pienionte, trahajoai, qie, it
holnmbr muy nl propldsito parln llevanr A cabo el it ciiau du hlo enl
lan des(Iceao proyecto. Ilelgat;o i ac I nuieva t iccnlaarnit in Il
Residencia, desde till prilcipio, empez6 i ver Durante ee pi
llodo conlio reullina los fondoa, forinria el plan cargo In decoraci
del inievo tempo y lo levanltlria Io man pronlo exquisitaa, y aiubi
pn'oible. A la och o mhel, c eto ca, en cl Fehrcro tret aitare, que I
del preslte aiio vilno i Belize, junitanneul t conl at ertilo y is la ci
AMr. Kevlin, contratista y arquitectode In Iglcin de la Iglesia. E
pnra preselntar al Seiior Ohispo, Ion Planes, sai fud sutiamnelte
presupuesto y las lirinas de los, que:se ofrecian temple, miralo i:
para pagar sui injprte. clegante, su coil

j; -- ... ..... S, i- ; .. *

N.arzl,. cLmalI el Sr. Olisipo
)',lr Walk. tdelalte lie los
cititla, reniidols al Iproposit
sc diicultieron y aproharoin lio
cl illr endlolitne se levanltaria;

qile e conili lln acre, fil palle
SSeIatres Rodrigo Golnxale,
ilnte y la C"n.mpliiali de llelize,
o l Srtilor Ayalio. La Iglesia,
enl el cnlirll, tendlria 9, pi;t de
hl y .o7 de alto, c1n l cli Clllonlpi-
y tnlilnutirtrf ai larte. El clnt-
ll elln tlis il.a, col c caliuitnas
rilr, con .,% venlnlia dle vilrion
esl eloi dol ritglerins, v todol de
ghtico. eCln tai.(lle pi|ilatlia cill
Ml segliti ill pediria el estilo; y
sera iu d oI 130( lpes, pa;galeros
. Di.Ncuctidlo el proy)ecly aprlo-
aild de volu'l, Mir. Keviin, arqui-
stal, irin6 hi contrila, y coil
hro lie tlodon, cil I. Pieiillnte
die Itnag die .L(xx) pe as ya reiuni-
Sconl tloda egluridad Lde entre-
bl)o, ll lin del trcnhjo. Fijaul
iceinlbre, paIra lia bIidicion del'
iadlo a li i ii tnaculadlo .Colcep-
(hiajo cuyo titulo ae icvanto la
illpezraronl ialliitliatallmente lol
peciar de inuchiaos contraticlipu
fer'ledades ci e lo cirpinlteros,
6p|oca estaiblecida.
nzo, el P. Piemilnlute tlo i ii .ai
,on ill tlenlplo, Coltn piniirn
e lhdo lai coiilruccioiin dlie lis
cirnliil te ii m o ll t taiton
coracion coni todo It retantItle
I resllltado di todo el trahajo
salisfacturio. El aspecto del
)or dentro y por fuiera, es iuy
struccion s6lida, sat amplitud

( 14 ) -

a qu suic pairs center toda -la Con- es, la de Nuestra Senora de Lourdes, el titular
a r qucic. el pur chlo eSt orgnlloso de c1Il, ide la Iglesia, que estaba ya colocada sobre el
gAcnri." l pueblo est oll y dibujo altar mayor, en un clegilte niclh representante
ycon raoi l crc qu 1. 1 o els Iio d in l gruta de a Lolrdes; y Ias del Santisimo Corn-
ueda cl primero to ,zon. do San Jose y de San Lorenzo, expucstals
ECl dis 9 ti Ntov.cir, b. (it" prillcipil A provisiorianicute Clen uas l"ndas eyquisitamente
EldicIAS. Die cab:illrosle e citidad, cvos deCtluc.rad.i, y. que dtbilla despues traslindarsu so-
noIrestn s. Duiczcaron ci cl nulero anterior hre sus respectivos alllares td Il Iglesia. Acabn-
nclbr Angel s," top arol cargo do s"olem- da ls l bndicilones, pronuuci6 el Sr. Obispo
nizar cadn uelo s dia, y t ir toda Ia Novenn, que un discurso alusivo A la icundicion, tomando por
precdi ,a udicionl tie Inglesil, hlu)o clada teixtl aec enst dom,. Dei st port elali. Durante
rianiafl Mis Cantatli con muSica y banlda, y. ls Visperas y despues lde clias, se empllearon
,tr ian loche graunld ilmlininacianl adentro y fuera todl,s los PaHdrcs cn oir Ias cou[esiones que pa-
to aI Igles.i, Ktosario, Sermon, y 3Benlicion, sc. saron de trees cientos.
guida de fuegos artificiales, que fueron cada Se abrii el dia S cQn timy numInlerosas comu-
nocle aumnentando en n'umro y liermosura. Sc niones, ruepuritidus ia Is MliSilus sicis site y
calcula coneo eCn Joo peso los guitast paris lil (cIhl die Ia inifiiana, y i Ito 91 poIntific6 el Sr.
ceclbracion de la fiesta. Ohispu, asistido pot los tres PI'dres, predicaiudo
El 4 de Dicicilbre por In Itrde, Ilego el Sr. dcspues del Eivaugelio, desdt cl trono, sulbru el
Ohispo con itros dus Padrtes para Is proxima niihterio) de lit Inmaiiculuda Concepcion. Des-
cclebracionl. rue recilido col a tn lprtccrionl dte allies ldl nlllnuerz., ill cual amisticuiroal Iw Col-
maturchas de brillnutes luces. Kl 6 tie Dicicin- Vidtlals, 1cte1in begun cl Iprogrnamn. seguir la
bre. Domingo por la tIrde, coUsllgrb lai trees procession tan bien orlganizani die at ailllnno,
umlnpa3nis, lue.fiuerotl acto Celtiliuo levalltadll puro lit lluvin au1n1dantea Il imnidi6 y tlvo que
i ln torre, y el sicte per in tar(i, itilio ill Ucn- tricasferire anl Dominguo biyguiiClte, co11o IInla
dician de abertura. Estaba la pliaa en fruitt abnjo sc dith. Fortumnamire paso lI Iluvia co11
del iuevo temiplu clegantelncitte adurtnada coin tiemipo, para dar lugar it in Iltllia y niuy soliem-
arcos, liunparas de Clhina. hbanderas y cilga- lie celcbracioll de lia nuche. La gleisia estailb
duras, que prcstntahian un ispecto may alegru. enlglaniadal coa.luces de difcriecutcoulreb aden-
Alas de Soo persoalls ciilaban algo!padu8 en ella troy afuera, y la Banda alg)rlbn at iiiiiensis
esperando aI mmineunto de la aliertura. Rumpio6 pebhlo, qut habia acudido de todust parts, hils-
Ina anda una march, ianunciandoi la IlegaI dan tie los vecinos' piebllos. Unai alegria general
del Obispo, que, prccedido du ti> s aculituo, asia- estalbagraltwlna .nt todus las cars. Sc di't prin-
tido per luo Padres, revstido de is insiganla cipio col ili Visperas8 suleiutib seguidas por ul
punotificales, prlocedi i un rrclinuturti, quite es. serinun m1uy itecresiante de Su8 Sciioria sobre el
taba preparado ad prtpoito delante de la pueItI deber de los paldIs de famlilia dt educar 6 isus
principal, pari empltc.arla cereloniia. Rezadas hijus e1 cescuclus exclusivaimeule catblicas. Si-
las oracio*Pc primerau dcl Ritual, rutic t priero guib el Te Deume, en tccioiti de gracias al Seiior
por de fuera todas Its pairedets td li Igicsiia, por haher concedido it Orange Walk el favor de
lucgo, cantandoue las lI.tanlias de los Sautus, tener una lglisia tan hermossa, capaz de conte-
ItrTO ni tel slei suobrvedUe cual ecih6 1s triple ner i Catolicus. So acab6 co In la Ben-
beldtcion 1 cunctuir Isa Letanias. Luegu rocil dicion del Santisim, admitnistrada por el inia
por dutro Ias imttsas paredes, y uacbadas Ins im SeiuorObispo. El saliendo el pueblo de la
tultinas orauciots, Ibclijo cultro nuevas estll- lglesia, presenci6 los magnificos fuegas artifi-
t u e a hIaiau itwurtado de Europa-esto ciales costelados juntamente i la decoracion de

( 1.'5 1

la Iglusia por el Sr. Escllainte. Por conclusion eln honor de In Satliilmai Virgen, mieni.tras quie
de oldo, obsequid cl P. Piemrinte s los Seliores la I Ihnlti, hajo la direction del intcligente
que hahiin contriluitlo iei los gistos generailes innctrlo Sr. llisilioi Ccrvnntes, tocnba Ins pieza.n
coil refrescis, damndnl t(odosl In :nhornlllucia ior mi escogidis. Regrlesnda la procesion h li
tener un templo tal cual lo descaron. plan die In Iglesia, pararon ltodu repartidls vnl
(Graicinas s n tldas primero it Dios, qle hin- (ls fitin, clin In esttll;as dlel S. Cirnznn, de S.
hiendo daldo par Patrona a Ornange Walk la .jos6 y dle S. orcie.o, al rededor del templcle
Virgen de Lnurdes, .dlispusu loa corazotnes tic dcl centre. atdornado el el ncdo mia,n ex(liiit.i,
sus ih:bitnites, para que levairit i At lit dlivilna fortalindo un vrcniader) ",TJ'Talean vivant."
Sefiora ece teniplo quc forma el ornamento imas lEntradai lha procesion en la Iglesia, el I'aliire
precioso del paiz; luego al P. Picimuste por. lo Piemoote proniinci6d rito del sus clocuentes ldi>-
nobles csfuerzos, con que logr6 Ilevir it cahlu el cursos, y itlda lIa Bcndicion del Santisirno, tuvo
tan corto ticinpo una obra quc sc hiaia itltcnia- Ingar oira muestlra de lucgos artilfciailes.
ldo pur inluchs alfus sill iingun ofecto; y A toalo No es neces.,ario cl incnlsionar que todos i)ite-
luo cotltrihuyentes, ,que coil dinero, trabajo b dtlron inly satisfcchnos, y creo que lit imtiprtsioul
otra clase do. aiuxilio, cooperaron al exito feliz hecha en nuestro puello Catllico,'despertsl.a
de la ilmpres" sin olvidar at aarquitecto, que sil en todos tin verdadero amor y devocion hiscana l
nimguni interest y co' inuchos 'desvelos, dirigid Santisihna Virg.n ; y, de consiguiCnte, un amor
las obras, emiip)caiind can los liermosos plaiv's, ciltIiiablc lhicia nucstra santil religion.
levantadoa pIr si inisimo y continuadus tao liel- El Miercoles 9 del pnsldo tuvu lugar on la
inente dbnajo de su direction. Escuela una nmuestra ti lot nliios, on In cual,
El Domlingo siguiunte 13 del pailndo, tuvo at pa"o que dlrenap'fiaranii con inlucha satlisfc-
lugar la hernosa procetnion, que, por causes do cion suiPaipel, numulitaron de 54 peans los fan.-
in Illuvia del dill ilabia tenido que postcrgar. dos pari cuhrir los gastos gencrales. Damlus en
Un testigo ocular lous cuinuniic6 subre de ella lit conlti.liuacionl Ila cueiitas detalladas tie las entra-
descripcion siguiente. El temple era mauy her- das y gRstos pars satisfaccion de todai:
namso, y cl piso liinpio y seco, de niodo quc to" (twuntas deloitlruul.l y S li&c s en hla C:om-
dns las decoraciones, emipezalido pur la estatua strtucinE i e Ia l qtes3ail Oraiwjc l"'11"
tlc Sanl Miguel levantada en medio de Ila pilaa ec el fno 1896.
de la Iglcsia, hacian una vista ntuy herrmnsa.
En los nucihos niios quc lhe vivido en li Col)niua, Recibido en dinero effective de-
itnucai he visto unit procesion tansolcinne, comio Mrs. P I. Price $3 00
I 'quc preselncE6 cl Dulingo, 13 de Diciembre. r. A. lIcrea 00. oo a
Puedo asegurar call tuda verdid, qule todos los R. Lopus 00 oo
Catolicos de la ciudad tomaron part en ella. R. Gonzalesz 00 x)
Todas sus casas estabain decoradas, y en todas L. eylia oo o
las called s hhahian levaitaido arcos, de los cua- F. Sasa I.00 0
SS. Maic o 00
lea colgaban linternas chinls e diferentes colo- M. Zlaya 0oo0
res; Durauteel curso tie la procesion, ddes la I F. Escanite oo 0
Iglesia is Trial-farin, al pasnr la procession, se E. Fabro 00
quemaron fuegos de Bengala y todo au camino F. lautista oo oo
era aslumbrado con lihmpras de diferets A. Medina 5 o
colored. Colectadas en los aluis anteriores 336 ou
Los tilos de escuela, y las Hijus de Maria
cubiertas con velo y corona, cantaban himnos Al frente s,o86 oo

( 16 )

Del frente $.,o86o00
Coca r Sras. del Rosario 200 oo
Cotadn rs de Orng Wlk 6 00
ur =30 00
Garden Party 35 00
Mr. M. DomingueS 3s 00
* E. Pcrcrra 5 00
" G. Ayuo 25
M. MNenjibar 5 on
SA. Ba ca .5 00
A. Uorgas. 25 00
SL. Ayuso 250 0
SS. Alpuche 2* o
J. Marchand zo 0
S osa 20 00
P.: Hlopuri ; 10 00
SL. Lana 5 00
Tan Si t o 0o
SE. Lainfiesta o00
SN. Ramirez 0. 0oo0
L. Pefns to 10
T. Pcrdomo .'. 0o o
H. Herrera Io oo
M. Cruz o oo
A Friend :o 00
Otras Colectas 200 o0
Dr. Harrson too oo
Los Padres oo oo
Mr. J. Mrchand 6o oo
J. Medina 57 CO
Dadas pra pagar 5 Estatuas 113 oo
Por a Alfombra y las laminas de oro 22 o0
; Mr. J. Mla 7 00

.* 3,493 00oo
Reuidas en terremn y otros materiales-
iMr. R. Goiizalez 200 00
Messrs. Connor and Escalante 200 oo
Trahajo de Mr. Kerlin y materialea 600 oo
Hi'ero pars el techo Mr. Rosado a5o oo
Flete dado por el Sr. Herrera 100 oo
Postes regaladas pr los hermanos
Marcham 100 0
SPinura regAlad pr anos amigos 11o oW
Dada e n trabajo,. 22 00o

1,782 co
Total 5,275 o00

Pagados i Mr. Kevlin (contante)
Pur Pintura
Otrus trabajus
Materials y Terreno :

* $2,8o00 o
S 200 00
S. 00 00
* 1,632 oo

Por otro Terreno y Cerca
Materiales pars el Altar .
Vidrioasde Color pars nas Ventanas
Otros gastos menudos


Recibido en dinero

216 oo
174 oo
IrO oo
o oo
36 00

5,557 00

S$3,4-93 o0
S1,783 oo

Total 5,275 oo

'Pgaduos ei, conlatlle la Cuotratista $3,oo oo
Por Materiales, 'rerreiio, Cerca,ctc. 1,33 on
Por Ornamentos, etc. 4 00
Total 5,575 o0
peuda pagadera en la Pascua .. $ 300 oo


r 11S, the fifth-annial exhibition, was
held in the Council Chamber. Belize,
zz 2d December 1896. It was formn-
ally opened by His Excellency the
Governor at noon, in the presence of the chief
tPdies and gentlemen of the City. The cure-.
mor.y began with an address by the liont.,E.B.
Sweet-Escott, Colonial Secretary, and Chair-
man of ihe Board of Education for the purpose
of arranging and carrying out the Exhibition.
The Hon. the Colonial Secretary showed in
his address, that there was every reason to be
satisfied with the number and the quality of ex-
hibits sent in for this year's Exhibition. It must
be.a source of gratification to His Excellency,
Sir Alfred Molony, that, in this probably his
last year of office as Governor of British Hon-
duras, the work which he had inaugurated in
1892 had been carried up to such a pitch of ex-
cellence. In that year, the Belize and -District

( 17 )
- ---- ------------ -- -- -
Schools competed together, sendllilng in 665 ex- hilherto soI .cceCsfuIll carried nIut, alml said.
hilits. BIt. uis most of the prizes fell to tie that lie should b1'. vcly kirry to llear that this
Belize schools, in the following year (1893) the good woik hald user ieen given up; a special
country schools withdrew from the compeititiot prize for the best vxhibilt ill plaiii sensagi hali
nld only 44o exhliilti were presented. After eien sent by iln absec.': flieild, whom they kiew
this, onl iicconit of the (dii.dlviitaitaes under took a great intercsi in edticatioin, Mrs. Sweet-
which tile Dijistrict schools lay, they were allow- Escolt aild hie shioulid have much pleasure in
eld to compete separately 1amlnog themselves; awnriling it ; lie thlinked the judges for their

lii(d with thei. followingi result, as regards the I
number of Exhibits of school work:
SS891, Belize schools 556, District schools 19Z
'18. 459, 1
t896, 624, 218
W Ilil.t hit\ ever there lhs lubelen, inl soime years
ca falling iIff il. Inie're paiint of tlu1antity.the judges.
year after year pri)oouniced the quality of tile
work presented for their inispectionl a distinct
advance in most sections. This year, the Exhi-
bits loth in qaclntity and quality, surpassed last
ln!d all previous years.
Whilst calling attention to the excellence of
the work received from the Oranlge Walk Aln-
glic:itn school, lie said that it was not to the
credit of the cinlllitry schl ls, in genrual, that su
few of tiemn h;ad presented txlhibits.
In another way the Exhihition had also pro-
gresse In t892 there were but nine. ill this
yelir 15 subjects for competition, together with
. iwo prizesagiven by His Excellenlcy the Governor
for the bhet ess ays oil (I) Domestic Economty,
(2) the P'roducts of Blritish IlIlouras.
i't' ranly two sulbjcts, favouranll.repolrts weie
i not received. Tle judges did llot give ia good
report of the Book-keeping nor of the Esslay
sent itn.
The Colonial Secretary then concluded his
interesting address, of which we have given a
brief outline, by inviting His Excellency to de-
clare the Exhibition open.
In his reply (to which we cal, unfortunately,
only barely allude,) Sir Alfred Moloney spoke
of the satisfaction he received in the very favour-
able report made on this year's Exhibition; he
pointed out the iiany advantages of coMtitnuingl
these competitive Exhibitions, which hpd been

careful aild impartial nwVardis; the chairmilali
:and the commliittees fur their trouble in ar-
ranging the exhibits tand ilso tlhe Secretary
to the Board of Elducationa for his able nssist-
ance ; iand .ltly the teachers aill tile children
for the e.xccllent work which lhd been pre-
pared and presented. His Excellency then
declared tihe Exhibitioni of 1896 open and
proceecdd to give the prizes to the ,ucceesful
comipetitois. These prizes were io6 iln number
of shich 59 were a arlded to tile Belize and 47
to the District schools. In Belize thie Ihys' and
Girls' PIublic shcliols, lin;ght by tile Sihstcs of
Mercy, carried off 36 prize. Tlhe e school are
noat only til he conmmendeld for the prizes taken,
but for the IInumbr of exhibits presented 207,
thle Vegertl excellence of their work in almost
every branch, the haidtsoime way inl which the
exhibits were mounted andl presented f.,r inlpec-
tion, and for tie fact that they sent it successful
competitors for prizes in every subject, except
in thie Easnay for which they did not contend.
In the cump)ctilio amolni the District clhitol
the Anglican school, Orange Walk took 26 lald
Wesleyall school, the UlnHom, I prizes. Only
three of the Catholic country schools sent in
exhibits--San Estevan 15, Curozal 29, said San
Pedru, Ambergris Cay to.
The following i the list of tile successful com-
petitors ill tile Catholic clhools. The lnaistu of
the other prize-winucrs will be published in the
Government Gazntte

I ( 18 )

I -l

BelizGirh'Selool- :
diiSeb ompetit

B Pe lri I ilariaretlichndrloke 2nd I1
so Plai8stl te Lndo lest I
8 Knlltig Jane Flowers 2nd
SUrula Caml'pos lt I
SLouala oamlpbell lnd lI
is Daring i ertude Fergsoun lIt
I* D.Loun Camol/beli rst Ii
Annie Peeblet 2n d It
6 patchwork Iosits Lora Islt I
., FIrane5ons n st It
S dl i lnbbl 2nd I1
I iPatcin lnr Jane Flonwer 2nd I
F P g rances PIonz 2nd II
II Fany Needlework Maggle Ilirns Ist I
Irene .waoey let 11
-. Fn:s 'on 2nd II
IS Crochet ges C ollins 2nd 1
.1 Netta Webster Ist 11

Beli BoyJ'School-
Map Drawing
* **
orwing la penclt

Drawing I Innk
Mechanlcal Models
Sa Estea .
Corozl- I

Fredirick Young
Francis Walte
Antlino Lupelm
Frederlck Young
lDellno Lopes
Vuleriano Palonmo.
Ilenry Ainbrogle
Line Loria
Frederiek Yonng
Iterhlirt Itosdo
Crtspin Taylor
IV. Palouiu. Certlf
Frederick Young
Martin Albert
Hlerbert Rosdo
Antuno Lop e
Joseph Ularke
Deliao Lopes

Guadatupe Ramos IJ st l

drawing It Penek l S ito Navarro

'dis "oI" Ocabel .Aull
I bel Agutlar

2nd I



The general intention for which our Associates
are asked to pray. during January is the
Welfare of Religious Communities.

i T IE religious state is a staple manner
of living in common, approved by
s I the Church, adopted by the faithful
IS i~ ei, h are striving after the perfection
ot L In islian charity and have taken, vows of
obedience,, poverty and chastity.' The funda-
mental idea, then, which lies at the root of reli-
gionu life, is the endeavour to carry out that
perfect state. proposed by Christ in the gospel.
"If thou Wilt he perfect, go sell what thou hiast
and come follow ime," and again "there are
cunuchs who have imade thel.Nelvcs eunuchsfor
the kingdom of heaven. HIc that can receive
it, let him receive it." But, if this perfect man-
ner of life is to he continued in by men and wo-
men living together in common, and yet not
hound together by the ties of kinship, it follows
that there must he as ini all other well-regulated
communities a head, to whom the various nit n-
bers must be obedient in all things which concern
their religious life. Hencewew find, that three
things are requnied of all the niembers of a reli-
giomst conilnunitl-the Iuninarried condition, the
n[on-possessioln of private property and the renun-
ciltitn of self-will i ohedicice to a Superior
wlho guides ind keeps all toj;etlher.
F'ron the beginning ofclhristiinity, there were
I muany who carried out in their lives this ideal of
1 perfecti.n, for "the multitude of believers had
1 ll things in coniiuon;" and S. Paul reciomiends
virginity as the better htate, whilst the early
Christian Fathers tell us of those who lived as
virgins c4iaisecrated to Christ. As o0on0 as Christ-
ians were allowed to practise their religion in
peace, the idea of religious life in common
powerfully affected the minds of those who
hinied at perfection, and communities of monks
were formed in the desert of Egypt even
before .the sword of persecution had been
sheatlhed. At first every monastery had its
own rule hut graduallythe rule of St. Basil pre-
valledh throughout the East. During the 5th
century, on account of the irruption of the harba-
rians, monachism laniguished in theWest until St.
Benedict in 529 established his orderat Subiaco.
Moluasteries were fouteded throughout Western
Europe and gradually the Benedictine rule sup.
planted all others. In the thirteenth century ap-

-. ( 19 ) -

pearetd niendicaut friars Ulilillecais. Fraiicis- Lai intellcirii .eeoral iropinesti pir el Sautao
:s anlid (Crnirlitc : in the sixteenth the Ic uits. p, 'ie A h,, Socios de In Sagrad:l Ali.nza,
T"hentlines and other regul:lr clerk, followed. e d ,,d
down to our own century when various .:agr e k ler, e
gatiois of both sexes have bee, estahlish(ld, who,' el Bienestar de las Corporaciones Religiosas,
under their different rtles, devote themselves lto
the urlry f U;nld u(Il the good of their neighhbor. TitlSTE Vy ineiliChVle rs rl Prtaildo eIn quc e e cn-
All Rdligimois O)rder. have rl-n of notable vice t the Church. The round of ceaseless rte negnndo periiln dcl prerente siglo P'ersi-
prvcer and study, as presented. ly .the earlier guidait pri mro con II plnina, esc~iiienilo con-
Orilern, wao a refl're.hi;ng timiilutiu In iiouhler char- trti de elli,. airticuilos v i;oin l:mq qie las dcrtct li-
atcr ls aiuin the' laity tIo lead ia 11mo virtuoinus tan por cuoimletti delaimle di I crelulu puocll.
life; the Inter Orders and Coigregaitiouti, coming comlatidas hiego icr leyr. inicuail dre ulcli.c
forth fromn the cloister into the world, have erl- gohie:rnc lileralre. expilsailnd;ulla dr su ca-
hracid andl sanctified all those viiriumi actis itice. sa, prnl iihiilad, l cud.lquirra Cline (dI asocii-
Swhich haver tile relief of human suffering andi the cion. redllcienlol, s A.i In mnisiria en niichl*s na-
lispelli gi lf that ignorance, which i. an obstacle cioiliu, quo II na.ti catllici luevall unll vida
to ,allntioni. as their end. ie iect.-aiid v ailan..oi, i Francia pinci-
it il, tle wvlil. as represented hb the govern- patineite. v ri Italil eln lotle i lo Sectlarim
ing clatses in ainmty co, utries of Eiuropea.iid in iha l jurahdide aeilaer voi. elliu, se ahn pulbli:si-
lmot of the Centrnl and South Amnerictan RepIChll- 11, lovers luas ila iliijtitll ci'iItra dIc ellas, cal-
lies, is opposed to Religious Orders. Itsloplpi- ciilldI Iot dereclos le toiln ciudallian. 'ara
tion i, not grn itndil o Iihuminiiitriliaii or political baccr reccuerdo dte un suol hicho;: nu lie 4uo
colnsileratlion, hiut on IIn tuldalnentrlltl dlivergetnce coolltnidnladta dn moijnia en Italia vivell actual-
i.t moral and religioisi ideas. Tihe Religious mncle en Il absoieluta aiitRri atha. flai idoles l pan
Ordiri are contitel* l If live indrr anly forni o(f de cadla di:l. piar lie.var adclearte till vlda lie
goverI'tncI'It anl(d (niv ask to lie aln-wed to live penas y dle aballliitio. Ni sIe han ctotentcnldo
together in cooll tuaiuit .andl si. lio nuirn the nick, con re dlcirlns i la Ia ltlu iilligetei.a, .i. que,
to .tke care If tllhe agcd, to reclatim tlhe vicioti pr unl o iileniic a celumiia, Ini hla puvelo
It itistriot thi igiioranit. IBut the g'ovvirlriing ni ridicule detilllatl.e l piuliico, coamo fanaltica
closes in die se countries appear tI think that pcrezo.ias, (ui qtuiiere sciilrir. lh:ji el inanlto tie
nmin lia, no hliereafter, andit rhat his husinlits i to pierdd v devocii'r slus vicioh y sa1 alainilidnt.
get as much enjoyment oul of lii. lhort term of SItni, p. i,,ra rlu rtie l in l ill i Ila grlesi,
lili' here as lie can. Religious Inell and wiitIeit eKi suLihia.I illstiluiciotinh, (ltie tHioo rnllce lha
know\ thlit the case is far otherl ic ; and clilllotit da(dio I religion. con shu o4lbrtl'us suitniiente
cease tit uphohl the teaching ofl Christ for hu- heililAicui 1 lob pohres, enfernmos- au cianos en
niian instrictilon. For this tilhey are plereci ed ; .tlas cast.. tlc lreleicincia; i t lot. iiiis y jiveI-
deplrivedl of their property in lt:ly ; for'hildtii ted eul ila. eienlain. cologio y a cadelliait: i hlo
Sto, live in colitilniiity lor made to pay doiulile pagalnon I alvajes en IRA hlsionlles, sosbtellilts
StaxVes in Fillnce ; dIltraciseti Iroln su-called casi lodas par lai olrdeCnt, con razon
Christian Republica ; iand all ltis without any el Papil viendo el peligro quo corren de un lu-
trial or without any alleged mihcoinduc, which do de ser ratiprmidas por faltl de recurrss y del
would hear investigation. Such an ignoble per- otro laIn la incesnidlal qur tiene la Iglesin de
section is a blot on modern civilisation. Let us so podiuer ba asitlencia, ius propane para qle
pray the Sacred lheart of Jesus to open the eves pidur.,i al S. Coratit, n este mec, se digne
of rulers, to sce the fatal mistake they are miak. proverlnils 'ce Io neccsarin, parn qu(e lintev a-
ing in refuisiig liberty of association and free- delalite el Iin que a han propucsto en Sius
domn of action It those who would tue it for thil iii liil to I.a iracion, pItii del ltab ecri I1
* lcnefit of inmi nold in the higher serhice.r f (tod. sigailielit:
OJ .esn, through thle inmmicllate hIea oft1 M iT a I..
offer Thee all tilhe prayers, works. and'sufferligis oIl lOb ireitan mol ltor nedllo tlnl Corscon 11i40utlltllo
Still day. for nl tll of in t Intentlois of Thy ll li.r utiIn, os, asfrer'U ]is urar'eune, abras y
union with thl Holy acerflIie of the MnAls rera- trabain del present din, para reparar Wks ofeoa que
tion ofanll l aland for all reqlueus p .ie .ftlli thirni r h s.. oa. ,.ian. .v pirs I.n dlraits Ini son-les die vu(esro
the AlIostlIehl p of i'raver; In articuila for the 8agrado Curazon. I eu panrtIcllir pars ellitlientr ie
WeUlre of Rellglous Orlers. Amen. Jlo Ordenes Heligliso Ael sea.

( 20) -)

,. -"-THi" ''. ,'0 t S ''

n r f M t r Obs0ervatin..s fl .ring' i e t h e ot ee lnl t'r l9.

terli i -yc L romyetb r A motu oinuter Sky {

m n. A. e r We l Dew 1 Dlrectlo In l ualty

7 .0 843 71.9 W N Ii
o .112 09 77 7 71wN,
I ..0 o I0 .02 4 0 NN a
03 06 1.7H i67 75 W 8 N W 1011
0.3 7. 1 748 721. il72. 6. 7 NNW WI 1
'I 3 0 76 0o 7611 7 4 7 71 4 70 .8 W N W 0.

14i .14'6 .W .11, 780 I. 7 7 4 7 | 7 10 l1U
t .0 29.07 .0 1 0 I 77 7. N7 7 9K 7 ..
S.l07 8 1. 667 1.1 97U 1 70. NNW' kN

1 i. S o.1 7 2 6 0 7. N'7 7 0.10

SI I 701.u l I t

17 7 .17 1 9 .ll il 7 7 N W I I "
19 21 7 4 7 06 r, 74 714 I733

l .14 I .1 II6 7 10 7 6 72. WNW NI I (1 .l1
.07 2 .9 ,W1 ,, :8 7!4 767 74 84 1 I t NVw kSk 1
1o ,aI .95 21.W II i7J 77 13 v 7 SO 73.' N3 N
81 71j C.

1 .fe 11 I 81S I I 7 qiE ii N i ri
I i on 7 I C I

l.| 29.o 1 o2. 3 l.041 8 64 76 7k1 74 i 73.0 NNW i 4.7A
xpln lon lor the Sky: .unIn. Sk. 7irr Stt 71N. Nibus, qitclear lo vred.ran.

Fron previoutlolservalionswe have the following
averages for Derlnber:--
Flrlm 1888 to 108 for lt84 forlSi 8
laroneter 80.0t 3 11.03 101.01
The4rmoueter 741 748" T0
Itlnr t6 II I 1I
lonheh of rin .i4 l.40i 4.71
Tluhie tIoe tlnmlury of Decelmbr 1t difflers but
I he In r the ven ti l Deceniber whether
. ,elul. The rainfall wals slt.lhg In excess and this
Sextent d e I rolunent by the rall, falling to a great
" ms lirlnl t di"y
.On the let and e" .d e
the W. nd W.n l there were strong winds from
I thers was aI 'no.t es ely and on Ute 7th oad 80th
u~ti e 'anlee f heze. The weather Chrt shows
t. I oopheric pre oure and five

of temiperatule. the rise In the thlernlullt lor usually
preerdlng thalf tlhe laroleter by one day. TIlhni In
the barometer we find a ri from the lit to the lril.
from the 7th tolthe llth.lthe 14th to the ISth, the 2h)111
to 23rd; whilst the thermometer Indicated a rise from
the 2nd. till the l9h. the lith till the 1th. the 20thi.tll
the 21l anod from the 23rd till the 81st.
Ther was rain on the 2nd anld nlter that no more
till the 7th when live rainy days were followed by a
week wlhoIt rain und from ti there was alnlost un.
Interruitledltin till the B0th. Tlte ruin was usually
more abnnd, with the N. or NW. than with the
W. wind. Intl the lalt two days of the month the
wind was rinost entirely from the W. or NW.
The Hn idltr of the atmosphere has consequently
been high ut there halt been but little sickness during
the month nspite of the large Influx of strangers Into


2nd month FEBRUARY 1897


I M. St. Ignatius,'Bishop and Martyr
8 W. The Holy Family. Ml., lnile, Blisop and Martyr
4 Th. St. Andrew Corninl, Iishop and Confessor
A F. 88. I'aul, John and Jamnes. S.J., Martyrs
0 8. St. Titus. Bishop and Confessor. St. I)orothy. Virgin and Martyr

7 Su. Fifth Nunday nfter Eplphany. St. Rolnesid. Abbot. Less. Ecclns.
xlv. 1-16; Goip. latt. xlx 27-29; Last. Gosp. Matt. iiii.24-30
8 M. St. John of Mathi. Confessor
9 T. St. Cyril of Alexandria, Bishop, Confessor and Doctor of the
Church. St. Apollonia, Virgin and Martyr
10 W. St. Scholaeica. Virlin.
II Th. 1i. John do Iritte, 8.J., Martyr
1: F. St. Agathn. Virgin and Martvr
18 8. St. Catherine de Rlcol, Virgin

14 Sa. Soptuagesma Sunday. Eplst. 1 Cor. ix. 24-x. 5; Oosp. Mllatt.
xx. 1-10
r,. Ml. B.B. Jolmn Mnchado and Comnpanions, SJ., Martyrs
14 T. Prayveri of'Our Lord in the Garden
17 W. Of St. Aloyslit
18 Th. Of the Blessed Sncrament
19 F. Of St. Francis Xavier
20 8. Of the Im!nauclato Conception

21 Sa. Sexinaeslm Sunday. Epist. 1 Cor. xl. 1-xill. 9; Gosp. Luke
vili. 4-15
22 M. Chair of St. Peter at Antioch
'2 T. Conencmoration of the Puaslon of Our Lord
24 W. BT. MATrIIAS, Apostle
25 Th. St. Peter Danilan
20 F. Of the Passion of Our Lord
27 8. Of the Imnaculate Conception

28 Ba quluinageB ma Sunday. Epist. I Cor. iti. 1.18; Gosp. Luke
"xv~il. .91-43 .. .

llace in

J g





Sun rises Sun rets
II. M. 11. IM.

6 32 6 50
U 82 ri 35
6 31) 6 51
8 8t14 ri4
a 8.4 5 52
*0 81 5 821

6 31 50 88
6 304 6 64
6 3(0) 6 5 .
0 30 5 85
6 30 A 57

6 20 5 N 3i

1 21 8 874
6 28 5 5S
6 278 6 7
6 27 0 00
6 240 a U5

6 27 U 118
0 201 0 01

6 2B a 11

6 25 0 U04
a 20 a 0-2i
a *I a 1-3
6 24 a 034
a 23 6 04
.6 221 041

a 211 6 0K

( 26 )


SPledar.age 21 Chronicle of the Sacred Heart Page 33
Vicariate Calendar. The riicalon "
Monthly and Colony Notes Chronic xterlor '
oregn News 27 Cronies Exterior t M
storeal Sketch of the Cathol Monthly Observatione .
Church in I. llondnras-contd. 2g Yearly ." 40

IOTIII Y NOTES. influence of his administration and for its im-
TPoto I(u('pAl. A sound currency was estiablihcd through
i m y m s of baromer his hearty support and for -the benefit of the
Tlie monthly means of broinmcl for Febrnary are annallv It.UO and 70P, whilat Ihe greater body of the people. Hospital service
nialnxlimu temperature Ides not rise above 8 W. Las has been extended in the Colony and greatly
February we lihad exceptional weather. Thle hnaro- .
meter ranged from 29.il0 to 30.20 and the their ilolnel- iinpi)ved, as those acquainted with their in-
ter from 5'" toi 8XI. TIhere was also very Ilttle rain. ternlal organisation can testify. Nurses receive
not I of an Incll. whilst the Is nearly 3 inche. 1
Prevalent winds are ENI and E E. regular and systematic training, to he of great
GENERAL. benefit to the Colony now and in the future.
20. Leo Xllleleel.d Pp ope W. Much pains and trouble have been expended by
22. Supreme Court (Crlmlil llriiinea.) hiis Excellency over elementary education, and
1. eeng of the Belizte atlon Board. provision has been made by bh.u to bring in a
S. d higher course of instruction. Throughout the
Sdifftrent Districts, into which British Honduras
COLONY NOTES. i6 divkied, District Ioards have been established 2
to introduce by-degrees municipal govertmncnt,
S.. for the furtherance and development of local
interest evvtcth ii Jaua ofrp caltal interests; whilst at the same time tie sending in
Sir ha s sct a th i departure of
Sir.Alfred Mlolche, prlitoled to periodically the reports of all judicial actions in
S i he Giavernor af the Visidward Is. the outer Districts should tend to. put a stop to
lands. The number of addresses and the ex! all petty tyranny in these places. By the -o*
prIesinus of regard, which he has received front stitultion t f, cupyists, His Excellency has also
all classes, show how popular his administration thrown upen to the native population the door,
had become. This popularity has been large. trough which they may enter.young the pub-
ly due to the impartial spirit with which his ad- he civil service. Thus by degrees British Hon-
ministration has been marked and to the sincere duras should become to a great extent self-
interest which he has taken in the interest of the supporting and self-feeding in its political life.
Colony. If the good-fortilln of a people could Meanwhile his Excellency has enforced punctu-.
be secured by the hard work of its governor, ality, diligei0ce and a courteous demeanour on
l1rituh Honduras should ie at present in a very public officials, which tends to make the service
prospelolns state, since Sir Alfred Mlolonry has mtnre efficient and appreciated; whilst if there is
hla orcd long and cartestly in doing what to any object, which in season and outof season his
i tat ,f his knowledge would be for the be- Excellency ias traed to enforce, it is the'promo.
inft af the C6cdly. There is hardly a dep.%rt- tion of agriculture in the Colony-a point on
r nt of the civil service which has not felt the which the future prosperity of British Honduras

( 23 )

scents to a great extent to turn. There are other
schemlies which have been prepared for by Sir
Allfred Moloney as a telegraph system, internal
iind extcrnul, railways &c. hut which have not
bieci carried unt for wait of proper sipptirt.
These anid other ruensoni make the leavilig of
Sir Alfrel Moloney a uilbjct of regret, whilst
at thle Name tile e e cannot but congratulate himi
on his well carni.d promotion.
Out of the addresses to his Excellency oo nc-
ca.ion of his leaving, we select four as lhvinR
e.specially representative-that of the loiarld of
Edulcation presented it the monthly Binarld meet-
ilg :2oth J.aniary; that of the celize I)istlict
It.,lrd (ont 23r1I Jaiitiary that of tll-' Executive
and Legis.latl'e C,'nicils ron l7th Jiianary; and
a general one )presented by thie i)cople of B3ulize
oni 28th Jaiu.lry, 1897.

Address of the Board of Education,
To His Excellericy
Sin A.l'lutu MNo.oN-EY, K.C.M.G.,
Governor of British IlHondras,
&c., &c., &c.
We, lthe iiiidrsigiicd MNhlme er of the
lilard of Etducatiol, having heard of )your ii.-
mediatlie dellartlure from the Colony, owing to
youtr honoiireld appointment as Gosernor of the
VWinldward Islindl, cannot allow you to preside
t.ver the delibleraltiins of this Board for the lastm
time without conveying to you our livarty cun-i
gia tlaliis oi y6tor promotion.
We wolldl beg also to assure your Excellency
of.our ldecp appreciation of the colrltcous andl
un"liasvsd nalnelr which you have dli.playr(I Io-
vsards the many and varied sulibjicts that have
Ifrom time to time ei rn brought before thlis
Ilhard since its creation by your instrumentality
and foru:thought, and to cingrtullte you on the
happy anld practical results which accrued to
F.ducation front the interest, time antl energy,
thrill you have nlways given to its adtlvancemt't
niil development since your arrival in the Col-
.iny, evidenced in the increase of Schools, the
tAninal Exhibition of work, and the good will of
tie Manage;rs.
Finally, we would convey to your Excellency
our pertoiRal regret at having to say "Good

liye" and express the holix tatt the LDiine
Master will you and yours under Hisa
gracious all times, and vouchsafe to you
health, strength a ti happiness, wherever vmur ot
imay ie placed in the DoU inions oif our beloved
E. II. Swert.-Ecott, Coloial Secietary,
Ily. C. Usher, Acting T'raeurer,
|1. M. Maxwell, At.orney Genierl,
C. \lelllado, Mh. E. C.,
1. I i. 'lillips, M. E. C.
'. R, LD. ., A cldeacnlof I honluras,
Paul Ellit,
Ch;,rles Ilrown,
V. C. llipkins,
J. MNckersie.

Address of Ike Bclize District Board.
To His Excellency
Sitn AM.tI'n) Mt.oNmEy, K.C.M.G.,
Governor of British Hlondlras,
.&C., &c., &c.
We the undersigned Members of the
Belize District Board desire to approach: your
Excellency to give expression to our feelings of
hloy.lty towards you as lHer Majesly's represeen-
tative and of our respect, estelemi anll warmi re-
gard for your person.
The. existence of District Boards is de to your
Excellency's initiative, alld we, in common with
the Memnibers of other District lIonis enliterain
feelings of gratiltde towards you for the creation
o, suichi Jouisil ind theI uIlinbiilg aind systelmia-
tic comHltelnance antl saippol tt that they, aind more
especially the Belize districtt Board have ex-
perienced from your Excellency.
In creating these nascent municipal bodies
we believe your Excellency intended them t lbe
training schools for higher forms of municipal
administration nil eventually for Reprelsenta-
tive Government itself.
That your Excellency can not remain longer
with us to guide these lloards in the path of
progress we greatly regret, but lit tile salne time
we congratulate voiir uol 'ou well deserved pro-
motion adl we bid you (od speed, hoping that
wheresoever you may go happiness anm prospe-
rity may ever attend you.
Belize, a3rd January, ty6.


g. syS A -ho Moyo

The Moembrs of the Exocutive and Legislative Councils, Lbg to present yo
Excellecly with a farewell address, on the eve 9f your departure to administer tle
Government of the Windward Islands.

We have to thank you, individually, and collectively, for the uniforn cofuiirt
and consideration yon have shown us upon all occasions, whith has enabled us to wvorl
together in perfect harmony, for the good of the Colony.

The nucnler of useful, and progressive Ordinance, which has lbeen added I1
the Statute Book through your Ixcellency's imstrume!tality, will roeiam an abiding
monument to the zeal and assiduity, with which you have labored during the' period
that you have directed the destinies of this portiouu f iHer Majesty's dominions.

We pray that ymi may be equally successfully i your new sphere of duty, and
that on leaving the Colony to which

r O n uce QF rmpressTt
!as promoted you, you may carry with yon the same kindly feelings for your future
happiness ad advancemel, us will follow you on your quilting the shores of iBritish

)a*Md, lhlize, 27th January, 1897.


i ,lony stalrlnlI id'e bly Sill with tlie oI llil n l t of klitilly f'veliings towards
most pritrl'lri "t cllllri'ai which theInm alinglll t the pcllvlie.
IposCess lIhe giold stilllrntlr
The e lha ihiiintuint of I)iMtrict
'T'he impartial mulannrr in which lulrls is one of tel gilatestl ru.
ip8rsons of ilil laces, chlWose i;n!l firnilll thats ig r e lmt i11 i'lltrued in
e. reds live been Ilicled Iy Your Ihi a .*"llany, andl wreirartily endoras
Excellency lhas gone far ti craurLe the iiiatelnilitl ofai tlxeIle lDisalriut
I X.c ELLE.' CY SmiL AtLBPI)l ""anl larI'glin feelings o'f respect, ImPld, llhat Your Exuelleicy il.
,T< s Ex.t.tLYrCY. ALR c t en il. iSn for you tLnlitdl iltn m ls illiralng ichalils for
oLONIoY, Kntiglht lolinui dr of "a"""ln 11ft all cla us of thll I'op li, higher formsa i.f muiicii.pal adlinia.i
Sfelinllg wlhiei, we believer, will not trillion nil cireiL.ually for ltatiieli
c Most Dis.ingushlied Order of,8soo die way. taidyive Go(verunment itself.
hilt Michael l ind Saint George, Your Excelncy's throwing open The new delart|ure naitlu by Yoi
w rior int n d numanainer in to cimptl'litioli tlle oilice of c:uliylits sExeellei ay. in natlltinlig three tinu i
.vernor and Ommandr in has not only opened tile dor to et at week, ill tile Co(:.lcil lounmlber, to
sii' in ld til over' the Colony of pale naltvo yu111hs bt Allriased elllao lle tie UorvaS inhaibitait
I hir Ittent lenurgiesa aid alpiratious. this (' lllnv to approach you, unt
ii ritislh ililiauria'and Vice Ad- Your Excelle.icy's action in ciauin;
1" .Di"rltie Comlmisnimers to sem
T'he training and appointmncait of r
ir ll Ihereof &e. &.a. &aO. scoolmt rs as pul nic their jgns for leriaical in

ir i s tinrn felirom long, Ledion usail 1brt i of the anlicL .
y it please Your Excellency expensive journeys. o believe ti h.I con
I ""^0 .lY "r..'lIL I llelle l l IO Stll 'l? all t

We, The establishmn- t of hospitals i oeded your advice ats to the deve
| .unlrsigln, d Colollists of Brit at Orango Walk fand Punta Gordll, opLnena of I he agricultural resourc
a Ill.ndlurnl uver wlhoml you halvo llld tie renluvatioln .and ellalrg.lnlllt ow iL e In in a leas bay ckW
Si 1 iiuling more thalln1 5 years, cain- of tihe o1in at Coromil, th0e Utlili-ut ariow ltural conditions. b
all-w you to leave our hlores ment iof Medical Olllers to thlll ev- oii.
Swllh .L expressing to you our nl. ernl Districts and tlle systematic
orilknatliou of your aldminiistration. training niid aplintinent of intelli In the words of the Distri
Ti hlit iilnlinistratlio which was gent. nulrscs have beu n dllu to yun iloard's address we wish y,
Slotk I f,.rwrdl to. by us, with and have been greaVly alpprecitted "Ou od speilI, hoping tihat where
lea iu,:4 ..f high Iol ie, tl,. to a very by the public. ever yod may go lappineal la
g r.t ia i lt, realized olu untiaipS. prosperity may ever lteud you."
.M The education of lte penrle lllas
*i received your foltorilig care ; ille
I '1 t political deilock which ex. reralt of which, Ihe Cosi u tiptiv
L tiel thetm lll o your Excellency's KHxhibilion of, hna
.art i.I iWas, through your inlerveit displayed to the sceptical the
i.u i, i'lmoved and thi Uaolnay I~as aeqluirenmenlts which the sons Baul
Siplaced .in a lmition to go for daulghlters of tllo soil caul ittain to
a, I tieu pi ll of progress. When properly trained and itimula.
.:, I.e terribly depreciaiied silver
ir ia I ha-ltllhroniih tleo paitrint- The ccuricoal demeano ur of 'ub.
ium or the I'eoplu'ad (lonunliteeo" lic OIlleulas towards the public
an Yllr Exculltncy'a great aid- during your )ilministration lI Ilhe
bee iuinged for a gosial culrrucy ; direct nrBlit of ytllr Irect.'et al .t
aUnd, iw., Ihavig sound Mlonely, our

( 26- .-- "

hese Si Ared Moony r
To all these add:e Sich ir limi ted space
turned suitab replies, w or e
will not allow us to reprodue. w
On WedIeday, Jan. 27th. at 7 p.m. a farewell
lnet wa givel t the Interaitional ktel to
. liI eleicy Rtic GoVern or ,on occasion of his
May i l "e, i.odr-, the Chief
departure. Sir" Willi t )t AndersO wre hliid
luatice was the Ch.iirina idCv wro e id
'or nearly 8o. Several were wIhIIIe to ttletl on
account of the very wet evening which hll set'
in; but yet lie gathleriug was a thoroughly're-
preCsentative one.
After the toast of the"had hcei given
by liis Excellnvc. Sir William Anderson rose
t, p. I srop hst hetheah of thi Governor. Though
oHue might not think hint the fittest person to
p."upo5 this toast, for one reason Li mciionsidered
there was no one more qualifiedtilhan: himself to
do so. He was the oldest fiiei., that Sir .Alifre
Mhisiney had in the rrnan. Tlhy hall ki.,wii a' ll
other ntore that nllore tallan o \t;lr andil illlrll
that time their. fanmilis hati lh d ii zrlininit.
friendship.. They had been separated when Sir
Alfred went to Afria and he had gone to Turk's
lIland to administer justice itn tlihe Ouet's name;
but tell h hadi bleen ibrght t("gether again ill
lritish llonituras. It was true tllat iln political
life their relations will dne another hald tlt Ibeen
so c-sau in tih: Cilnmv because thlr:e was an imn-
passabl stream. aitl it was right that thinre
tshulki be between tle jutidicial anid the l reitxti
courts; but nvc.rthelrk s hre wias aware of tilth
ianly useful emiHtnwmt that Sir Alfri.d M\,t,.., l
had had plte the S' l'l, Ch,, I
Justice thenh rt-citri soNeo'f the lthielf Ordi.
nac. whkh he hald ftined, a'nd coati iled by
akiig all to joi l with tii in sinking to hil
xcky's health.g to hi
li his ri pli his txcciknty saidl that t I
ktiw het.a toeaccint for tI IAli ASt rioos of regard
whckh he had rxceivsl tlsat evenin, anod its the
'arious address. that h.l .t lgrcT, ad to while

t. Il _ut ok .s nla ?I if*c n w dasel tlhe afli
frin the kin icatte"rci iistsel. Judgirn
Sil li their 1 rb.t al ""'.ll"l I b .u all
'tohwa.tO I ii t UF a .s '' S hfi e ..u ll
S.t.. .t. Hw clas of thi auuin thlel-flige
l'"y t'eraM ndu t o Ils.- tlbd thjni f rialn
t* "i W a." l ll d I o' I % l a r hial
was de Whatever- :p lpuh t ills
-, ,* .rU' --ai mr : Pulirity he

1Ho spoke of'lhe feelings of regret with which
he parted from those whom lie had learnt to
know and who had learned also to know and un.
derstand him.
At tile close of his Excellencys speech there
was loud and prolonged, cliierilg and singing
* For ihe's a jolly good fellow."
His Excetlrncy was to leave at I o'clock Friday
29th tult; and tlouah it had been a wet morning
and was threatening rain a large crowd assembled
on the Court Ho,use Wharf to bid him good-bye.
A few minutes afterone'Sir Alfred arrived, the
Band played God Save the Queen, the polite
force presented arms and after'shaking hands
with those around and receiving some bouquets
of flowols presented by three little ladies, the
Governor's barge put off for the steamer amid

.\t i.30, thu same day the Hon. E.B. Sweet-EIscntt,
L'.M.G.. Coluoialadecretary, was worl l i as Oflicer
.Adlilnl-terlng the Governmenit. After taking the
liual oaths he spoke of tle regret with wb~bt hI took
onlte,. not its on fornleruo(eslhi)S tbieeiltle of thIe tol-
porary itItene of the CGvernor. bit of tile departlire
oflrr Allred Molonry froil the Colony. 1 e would
tideanvouir to initate the exalnple of liiipaltilllly to
all class lnad of tdellly to thle C'on.allsllons set lhitt
l1y hIY plredetesfor doirhig te, tilne of li b i auiinnletra.
tlhn. which would iroeibly h.l loitrt.
The tiew Uov ernolr f liritish llIIdutra i. Co(lonile
Diavid Willson. whol hias Itea titu-liltenllnl of utrown
in(d r in TrInltidal during iunny year;,. lH Is expected
to arrive before'the end of februnry.
The Cnatholic \Asoclati n of Belize held their an.
nual nteeting for the election of their chlef oflelerson
January 4il. Thefoillowing gentletimen were closen
P otll, et Ifr.r 1897':-
lIon. CarloMlleklado. .. .' resident.
lion. JorV6 Mria Rl tomdo Vleo-l'rrsdenit.
tMr. A. A. lcthnlr .. .. T.reasUnir.
W. Gittetron .. Secretary.
1). il Lbrarlan
J' Itn*loy 1toocdrn
I. S C. nilllor.
It may be reImembered that this Asocia tion In con-
J'lnction with certain goqd ladies gave an Iee-cream
Parlt last De~eimlitrit ilvverlsde llll to nid in form-
IHg a Lending Library. The netl roceres. over $0.
were now being spent tn buying houlok and the rules
re-orrganled to fnor a MlIul und ellicient elrculating

( 27 )

On February 2nd It is one year since St. John hope for recovery. lie gradually declined, and
Ilerchiiins' College, llcllze was opened. During this sbout a week ago became confined l it his bed.
thun It has contain' ed to grow In nuilmber and eIll- During the last few dlys of his life he was
eieney. The continued und unflaggingsilupprt. which comparatively free froin the dislressing coughh,
the school has received during the Ilrstyearr of Its winch for a long linul had harassed himl ; and
existence speaks well for it, future succeress as a dll. when told that he had not 11many il!ys to live he
school but there Is not Iutlch prospect o a large numl.- sablid it was guod iuw and IIhat lhe was happy to
ber of boarders.. There are nearly 50 day-sholars, (lie soIoil.
and at present only II boarders (hulgh 4 or 5 more Owing to his long continuous illness which
are expected shortly. The highest class. which I. continued himll for the most part to his room, he
.taught by Rev. ..W Wallae and has i tloholar.. re- was known personally to very tfw ill the colony,
presents the Third Aoademic In the regular College but his modi(lt tua. stumig miliaer aii.d hisi readily
course. The second class, the tirit division of I'repa- quieL humlour will long he crmenlmbcruId by those
r.tory, Is under the charge of lhRv. W..I.Stanoln and who, had the happiness of living and l dealing
lhai 2 pupils, whilst the third lanss, Recond division will him.
of 'repaiatory. has 10 boys taughlt by Btro. Descoyers.
FP;nisb' Is taught liy Rv. M. Antillachl In the two Orange Walk-The school uinler the charge
npper elasrse. ,Tht preparatory classic have been tof lr. L. Revyulds opened with a attenlllance
added to the school to give very young boys or thoi Itf y9 childrLen and with the promise of many
not ullllclenlly advanced an opportunity o preparing more. lotll parents and children were much
for the regular College course of studies. pleased by the interesting English Operetta,

which the dlevute(I teacher prepare [lll ina lec-
,. .t I:_ t.1. i .. ...... I...,.... .

Oil Wvedeltsdav evening January 27th at prebentedt l i tlle LathIuic schUoiroloml. r utwo
1to. 30 p. In., M..r. ichalJ. Kealing, .J., passed hours and a half, a crowded house listened to
quiellytwa w tI t heler ife, after a long, and the play, w l i'"tersperscd with lumeru
pai-nfl i sickne Iurone with great l patience. EnIglish songs, was so wmll renidercd by the
le was h i t. Lois, achuol children that the sudiencew ere entertain-
lie wa.s born in St. Lolis, .lo.. uo the :51h ed and astonished at the facility willth which the
.f October, iS65. During his early years. he childrell abut 30 in iiumer'expressed them.
atltrnlde tlhu t llt I:aish school colticled w sl ives in a foreign language. One boy who
Fit. Frantci Xavier's.cliirch ill his lntive city) bore a leudig part, six 11mollthl iag didl not afterward. we. lto, the St. Ltuis University. know the A. B. C. of the Eiglish lahigonge.
conduhlcted by the Jesuit lialhcrb.
Aftrr six cars spent here in literary and At San Est6han there were 6o il attendance
hcieitlic mtndlis he elnteredl the Society of tsllt af the school oni thie opening day; and tilhe
at the age of 19 1.." spetut 4 years oteloriit, teacher Mrl. Patrick NlI)eriutt, who hais lice,
Mo., in making his. novtlate amid juniorate. ery ill during the vacation,, is now we are glad
Whilst iillishililg iis.course of philosophy ii, the to hear well,..h to carry on the school.
ionth if August,'lS9g his health began visibly
.to decline. His lungs were fullnd to be badly FOREIG N NE \S.
affected Iaid his superiors decided to etid-.hin
It the nmire salubrious climate of D)cnver, Co-
luraldo. His studies were accordlingly inter- INDIA. An appalling famine has Ixegun in
ruplte, and he was sent t, the boarding College India whicl is likely to continue till the end of
of-tlhe Sacred Heart in1 Denver, where he acted
Sis prefect of the boys aid teacher in various March. It fBunIdckhatd in the north-western
clanes, until his increasing weakness excluded portion of British India the prospect isso gloomy
him from any active work in the college. that quite half the piuple will have to go to the
As a last resource the climateof British lion- relief works. These provinces are almost entirely
duras, it was thought, might prove beneficial. dependent upon agriculture and though the.e is
Accordingly last April he arrived in Ielize amd uh artificial irrigtio it is insuficient. There
went almost immediately to Corozal, where he mh a l i o it is i t Tere
remlliiied several months. Returning to Belize arreabout 37 milliou.s living in districts visited by
he felt that his health was too far shattered to thefamnlc aiindlaboutt44 millionsin other localities


( 28 )


will make wat between England and that country
will be Subject to distress from the same cause.
11 be bect to d ist the receipt of relief and a moral impossibility, This Treaty is so backed
Already l,:oo..oo s raidl. The cost to the up by public opinion on both sides of
Indin umber wl rtis estimated, for furnishing that every hope that it will become tle
the iare easury i o life will be about six mil- corner-stone of Anglo-American relations in the
the bare necessaries future.
lions pounds sterling. a .ptn The Treaty is universal und covers every pos-
SPAIN and CUBA. January eath.-Captain iile form of dispute between the two countries.
General Weyler speaks with growing confidence It is-arrauged for five years for certain, and for
of his ability to crush the rebellion in the western e yer after either p U giv notice of a
province of Cuba but we only hear of trifling wone yer ate e are to be thee Court of
skirinishL with the insurgents and the war still rbitratio n The First Co th urst has f ju ic-
drags its weary way along. Meanwhile in theSe- tion in all cases dealing with peculiar y claims
passed by the Assembly and amended so as to under WIo,oo0 and if its three members are un-
p .ate of the*United States the resolutions already under pooo and f it three mnlers are un-
palssed by rhe Assemblc and aeldrd so asw to anius, in all other cases brought before it.
call for recognitioh. B t while b eli girns la. The jurisdiction of theSecond Court deals with
tur isthus bellicue, it is understood that thi cases not settled in the First Court and in the
ure is thus bellicose, it understood that thcase of pecuniary claims over too,ooo. It cn.
Executive will do nothing to bring on a rupture case of pecunary claims over too,ooo. It co-
with Spain. especially in view of the home rule cists of four arbitrators and umpire. T
measure offered by the Spanish Government. decisions of this Court are final wth a majority
This makes great concessio,,ns to the Cubans and is to decide. The Third Court deals with terri-
would be accepted by them if the United States trial claims, with cases referred to it by the First
would be a epte y tom if treaty or Second Court and those that involve "the deci-
would become party to te treaty. i of a disputed question of principle of grave
THlE BLIZZARD. In the last woek of January importance, affecting national rights." Thilsliinal
a cold wave passed over the United States which Cort consists of six arbitrators ad its decisions
fur severity and extent is n ue of the severest re- re filial, if unanimous or by a majority of five
'orded by the Weather Bureau during 1the last toone. If nobindingawardhasyet been reached
thirty years. The weather map showed that it the Powers pledge themselves to resort to ie-
extended from the Atlantic as far west as Kansas citation. .
and to tile south as far as Florida and the States There is one point in which the Treaty might
on the Gulf of Mexico. Throughout Texas, Loui- with advantage he amended. In case of' the
siana, Mississippi, Alabama audin a large part of arbitrators of both sides not agreeing as to the
Georgia a depth of snow from onto threeinches empiree to he chosen, the matter is to he left to
was reported. the choice of the King of Sweden. It would
One good effect however came from the cold. have been better to have left it to the Sovereign
It gav employment to solle i2,ooo0 une"loyed Pontiff and thus to have reconciled to the
lnci7 il Chicago to gather in the ice and there Treaty that large section of Irish-American pao-
will be a line crup of ice gathered for the sunm- liticians, who are least inclined to promote good- the various ire-comlpanies. will between England andthe United States.'
A'T 'EATY OFARITRATIONhbsibeen The outcome of the Venezuela boundary dis-
signed by lir. Olney, the Americanm Secretiry pute has been then a blessing in disguise, since
I- 'i1tt,, and the British Amiibassador at it has led up to a Treaty, which should secure
SI'alshigtu'n. which, if ratified by the Imperial an abiding peace between the two great English-
Sariant atl tlhSe Sentate of the United States, speaking peoples.

( 29 )

Brother was installed in the Public School with
HISTORICAL SKETCH OF THE only children. Fr. Di Pietro remained in the
CATHOLIC MISSION IN RRITISH HONDURAS. Residence, to divide with the other Fathers their
-- -- apostolic labours.
CHAIPTER V Knowingliltlcof Ihe natureofa tropiealclimnat,
-i]iE ,ssii,,, fotunlded si;ce ijS5, hid Fr. Di Pietro began to, work with all the adour
,,i,, hri,7 a,.rs ra r.f a new Mlisioner, when on the 12th of May,
Father Avvaro atnl Father B ilvustro he was struck down by an attack of yelloww fever,
^ ^ were occupying the Residence of which soon brought hin to death's door. Pre-
licllxe, Fatlhwrs I'archi and De lMaestri thIat of served by Providence from a death, which was
Ciom', il, Fr.. lriliisi Stalin Creek and Fr. (Geiit thought to he inevitable, he remained so weak
'ilunta Gorda. Nevertheless, us yet the Mission and unahle to work, that it nits necessary to seid
was without English Missionersand Laybrothers. him to Corznizl to re-esl.tllish hii hlellth; but
\vho-could take charge of the teaching in the as there too he made but little progressi in recov-
PuilicSchools. +Tie Superior had inshisted iuch cring his strength. he asked Fr. ;General to be
will the Englibh P'ioviicial upon this. matter and transferred to the Mission of Guatemala, where
at last, iln the climate vwas healthier and the Mission more
1809 on the ISth. of January, Fr. Salvador suited to his taste. I, Deciember, therefore, of
Di Pietro (who after a few months was to take the same year he returned to Livingstone, and
charge ofthe Mission, as Fr. Avvaro had tentdered began by giving a ilission to the Caribs of that
his resignation,) and Bro. Mark Quinn from Ire. place. Thence he went, ising missions in
land, (who came to be the teacher in charge of different villages of tho Republic, into San
the Belize Public school,) leftEurope forJamaica Salvador, preaching missions there also, until
in the Tasmania. They hoped on reaching that his Superiors in Guatenmla made him the
island to find a steamship going direct to Belize. head of the Northern Mission of that Republic.
But on their arrival, they were met by the Vicar The vacancy, caused by Fr. Di Pictro's going
Apostolic, who had come to receive them, and away had been filled by anotherFather, aSicilian,
told them that they were mistaken in the pl.n of Father Michael Casano, who was appointed to
their journey. There were no more steamships Curozal, to supply the place of Fr. Parchi, who
going direct to Belize, and therefore they must hall fallen into a rapid consumption anid after
continue in the bame ship as far as Colon ; thence having been sent to Guatemala to he cured, had
they could cross the Isthmus of Panama, take a died in the Capital a few days after his arrival.
Pacific coasting steamship as far as San Jos6, 1870. On the toth of February in the same
Guatemala, cross this Republic to Livingstone year, a small expedition of missioners composed
and thence by a sloop to Belize. of four Fathers,-Fathers Genon, L. d'lHont, A.
A journey so long and costly alarmed them, Loontjens, Francis X. Jeckel-a nun, a school-
and the more so, as they had not the money for master and a gardener, arrived from Belgium
so protracted a voyage. They hail however to for the Cariba of the Coast. Fr. Genon had
resign themselves to circumstances, and after had gone the year before to Europe to gather
very many difficulties, they arrived in Belize, Missioners and funds for his Mission. He had
thoroughly tired out, on the 2and of March l6S&, the idea of uniting together all the Caribs, not
but with the consolation of a short stay in Guate- only of our Coast but also of all the neighbour-
mala, inl company with the good Fathers of that ing Republics, in one sole Mission, whose cen-
Mission. They received a hearty welcome from tre was to be at Punts Gorda. lle spoke on the
Father Avvaro, atnd a few days afterwards, the subject with Fr. General, and got from him full

:Nll O~LOA BM 4 *

( 30 )

porto carry his plan, so thaL having put seeing how miserable was his church, the roof
the matter before somea of his conotryenll, he of which was of wood and straw, in the begin-
was abler bto lr that group of Missio,,ers, ning of IS71 had the idea of raising, with the
wls. by their arrival at 3Blize for a time filled the help of his Caribs, who readily offered them-
hear of the good Fr. Awvar with consolation. selves, a more decent church. But a., he was
But when Fr. Genon explained to him ihis without resources, to realise the plan he ha:t
plan of formitli his Mission, seeillg the impos- formed, he went first with the Caribs to the
sibility of realizitig il, both foh tlhe ilificulty lt woods, to cut te timber needed for the building,
coTnuunicatini with tlhe public. of Central and then with surprising activity, set himself toI
America, and on acccountt of the extreme poverty work it with the help of the Carils aIld to raise
of Punits Gorda, where there was neither a filing the building: little by. little, util he had a very
* bouse nor Church, nor thle neans for providing suitable church, 85 feel li.I,', i2 feet broad and
Sthe nccessary food for living, lie thought it prn- a2 feet high. The inside had three naves and
dent to leave thle matter over for the moment tile pillars with their capitals, the decorations,
until they themselves were acquainted with the doors and windows were all the work of the
.position f. affairs, aiKl'Ir. General, with iurer people. Then with some few hundred dollars,
information, should judge differently. They. collected among his friends, he thought what they
went accordingly and after a few months, worn couldn't make; and il the September of the
out by hunger and the fevers produced by the same year, he hadl the satimsactio of seeing tie
lpoor shelter afforded by the huts in which they new church blessed by Fr. Avvaro. Many of
lived, one by one they returned to Belize, and the chief people of Belize attended the ceremony.
when they received their answer from Rome, it It is a monument of the zeal of so worthy a
was determined that the whole expedition should Missioner.
place.themselves at the disposal of Fr. Avvaro, In this same year, Father Avvaro built the
who should, according to his judgment, send first tower of the Church in Uclize, with the idea
them to the different Residences of the Colony. of erecting the second as soon as he should have
In this way, one of the Fathers was transferred the money in hand.
Sto Creek aid another to Belize, and with In September of this year, the Liberals of
Fr. (Gerno remained Fr. d'llont, the Sister and Guatemala having by a revolution, taken pos-
the gardener. After a few inmtlths, Fr. d'-Iont sessic.n of the Government of the Republic, rais-
lid of fever, the gardeer returned to his native ed, as is their wont, a systematic persecution
land, at tile Sister after a year of solitude and against th lCtholic Church, beginning with
ilene, as the ecouled speak only i, lensh which exinug the Jesuits, after the nianner of Charles
i ,e ow the people udersood, wasent to J I1, then the Friars, the Nuns and lit last the
So ended the specid tie year of her arrival. Archbishop, laying hands at the same time, on
te illuionded the eca ission to the Ca'lbs With the nmay possessitoi, which the Church had,
Sillood Fr i i had pro duced in the mind and especially in the Capital. Fr. DiPietro,
The Vicar Apostolic r Du who was at that time at Livingstone, saw hinm-
So i shattered ic, r. Duprqn, on ac- self obliged on tle night of tlhe alnd of the salle
c"u 'it of his shalered health, renounce" d Il, dig- month to leave the Republic, after an hour's
Etli nd province, took hisllett, S. of the notice, at midnight; and thence in a very smill
of ProVi ncer Apostolic. pce with tile title fiSherman's boat lie had to come to Belize to.
171. Father rindisiether with Fr. Ayerve and two Laybrothers.
ae181, Fateier. lithdisi, among his other lie remained in Belize awaiting orders, as be
ale, bei.. something ofa a architect, and still depelnded on the Superliors of Guatemala,

( 31 )

who hadl been exiled with a community of inore Assumpltion of Mary, towards whoin h hhad al-
thai So to Nicaragua. ways professed a special devotion, after a short
1873. Not till January tS17 did he receive illCnes lie went forth from the valley of tears to
orders to go to Spanish IIondur s. mid see how his heavenly country, leaving the whole Mission,
he could there establish a Jesuit Residence and which regarded him as the Father of all incon.
College. He went with Fr. Averve and the solable. Whenth te sad news of his death arrived,
two llrotlhers, and preached Missions in Otion there was a general commlnotion aimolig the
and Sain Pedro de Sula with mcllhc fruit, and people, who claimoured to have his reina;us
had been already summoned by President brought to .the Capital. For this purpnoe a
Mlcdli:la to found a College in the Capital, Co- special commission was forced, which after oh.
miayagiin. lBut (iiod, who had destined hin for telling the necessary permnissiun. lel fur Corozal
Ilritish ollonduras, so disposed that the sanle to disinter the body and bring it straight way to
Liberal revolution took possession of that Re- Belize. The Superior who had gone to Corozal
public, and, after the fall of President Medina, on receiving the first news, proceeded jointly
he received second sentence of exile, adl re- with the commission to disinter the body,
turned again to Helize. freighted a boat on purpose and with the pre-
Father Avvaru took occasion of his colmlinig, cious remains enclosdl in three collins, left with
again to urge Rome, that lie should be released the commission to return to uIlize. About 24
from his charge of Superior, so heavy at his ad. hours after their leaving the expected boat was
vainced age. Father DiPietro was Iniaed in his seen from afar and all tlle people of ilelize as-
place and in spite of his refus:a ilad to obey and semibled to receive the remiinii ouf their beloved
tooPk pissessioni on the 14th November 1872, Father.
after Father Avvaro had been Superior zo years. The collin was borne on the shoulders of the
The first employment of the new Superior people who disputed with one another the honour
was to visit the whole Mission, accompanied by of carrying it, and was deposited in the church,
Fr. .vnastro. to get acquainted with its true which was draped throughout in mouring.l. The
condition. He returned after a few months and body remained there the whole night exposed
desired to continue Fr. Avvaro's work, by build- for the devotion of the people who ceased not
ing the second tower of the Church which was from their nlmantations and prayers for the re-
required to complete the plan of the fiacade. pose of his soul. On the following day, Sunday,
In the Novenmbr of this year, the Pro-Vicar there was a solemn Requiem' Mass a an i fune-
Apostolic, Fr. Joseph Woollet, came to make ral or.ition which was delivered by Father
his visitation, lle visited all the Residences, Bavatro, who had the happiness of living at .
gave Confirlnaition and left order to close the his side. for ten years. In the evening tile body
Residence of.Punta Gorda. was carried in procession to .the cemetery fol-
1873. Fr. Avvaro remained at the sildeof the lowed by people and Governor, all in strict
new Superior to direct him in his new admmistra- mourning. After a few months a handsome
tion until having been named by Rome, Director monument was raised to his memory at the cost
of a Novice, who had just entered the Society, he of the inhabitants of Belize.
went to Cbrozal in 1873 with his charge, who Father Aevarnwas a man of great virtue and,
after a few months had to go to a neighboring as the orator said in his funeral discourse, pious,
Novitiate. But the heavenly crown, prepared prudent, humble, chaste. As a Superior he was
for Fr. Avvaro and adorned with so many shin- a kind father, who received with heartfelt joy all
ing virtues, was now ready and at Corozal in the Fathers who came to le!ize, and in whom
the month of August on tho Octave day of the all found direction aid counsel. lie wasa father

( 32 )

also to the poor alcd fortunate, "a adviser to
ls to the poor the collforter ot the 'ying and
the.e oin ou scict, ec to all. Many souls
i director ofcolscie llces to a,--
were saved by his boring charity, and we have
good resn to believe that he is now in tle en-
joyment of heaven, surrounded by these smols.
Father Avvaru's death and the great dificul-
ties which the new Superior met with, now that
he ws deprived of the counsel of tile deceased
completely disheartened Fr. DiPictro. On this
account he wrote a very urgent letter to Father
General begging him to relieve him of the ilffice
of Superior, a hurden which he felt beyond his
moral and physical powers. .
1874. The Father Geueral was willing to
content him; and in the month of May sent an
English Father, Fr. Juhn Pittar, who afier a
few month.of acquaintance with the Mission,
was to take charge of it. lie arrived then on
the loth of May, together with Fr. Aloanso
Parisi and Fr. Aintonia Antonialetti of the Ro-
man Prouince. Fr. Pittar remained in Belize;
the other two left it, Fr. Parisi going to the South
and Fr. Antonioletti to the North.
Scarcely a month had passed after the arrival
of the new Fathers, when Fr. Antonio Ayerve
died. He had come from Guatemala in i871,
and had exercised his ardent zeal in San Estlbaii
a village situated on the New River, a few
leagues distant from Orange Walk. His mild-
ness of manner won the hearts of the inhablitants,
and during the short time of his residence
amongst them, he had got them to build a church
and a residence at their own cost.
On the eve of I'ahln Sunday, when evcrythilng
was ready for the opening, which was to begin
with Holy Week, a file broke out in *a house
adjacent to the church, and iut few hours the
church was I* A |n i few hours the
church os entirely destroyed together with
bout o houseK Thus the good Father was
left without church and without resources. It
was very painful to him to see all'his work des-
troyed in a few hours. lie had sucleded, with

dollars for thetimbes, doors alld other etnred
I t 0017doors sd other mnaterintl

of the building. The manual labor was done
by the people free of charge. Unfortunately the
timbers had to be paid for twice, as oil account
of the carelessness or bad will of the carpenter,
the first supply was wrong in measuremient and
of a had quality. Hence, when the church was
finished, only a few cents were left over. When
the fire destroyed everything, poor F.ither A yerve.
not having any money to rebuild the church, was
obliged to withdraw to the central residence,
Corozal. There he was seized with heal t-disease,
hroulght on by the excitement during, the fire and,
after repeated nervous attacks, he died on the 11th
of June 1874. As the fire destroyed the accounts,
whicli he had carefully kept during the progress
of the work, many stories were circulated by
some wicked people accusing the priests of dis-
honesty. But those who met and conversed with
the poor father before his death can testify that
when he returned to Corozal, lie had not a penny
of money. The writer of these lines saw the
new church in San Estevan before its destruction
by fire and spoke with Father Ayerve after the
This statement is made once for all, in order
to clear the Fathers from the false accusation
which, for so many years, had been spread
against them.
Scarcely two motlhs had passed after the
death of this Father, when mlalignant fever
carried off two others, Fr. Casano on the 16th
ald Fi, Antouioletti on the z9th of August in
the same house atCorozal. Fr. DiPictro, who
still continued to be Superior, went at once to
Corozal and had to take charge of thle Residence,
which remained in the hands of a Father who
was still sick. He begged Father Pittar to take
charge at once of the Mission, without waiting
for his official numisation from Rome. This
arrived in October uad Fr. Pittar took posses-
sion of the charge of the whole Mission the
and of the same mouth,, leaving Fr. DiPietro,
Superior of Corozit
(TVo B CONT1.Nsu)

( 33 )




The intention recoi mended to the prayers of
the As-,tiautes of the Apostleship of Prayer,
the League of the Sacred Heart, during
'Februiary is
Thei leeatifj'rimim qf
I'encrable Laudee de la i'olombli're:

T is ia intention which should com-
inmeid itself in an especial manner to
our Associates, Since he was among
E6JIIAs the fir.t publicly to preach the devo-
tion to the Sacred Heart, and it was through his
words and writings that the devotion found
favour with many holy souls. We may pray
with great confidence also o f being heard; for
the cause is one which is very dear to Our Holy
Father, Pope Leo XIII, as he has testified on
several occasion,.

by many men eminent for virtue aud learning;
but perhaps the strongest testimony to his sanc-
tity is given by the terms, in which our Lord
spoke of him in a revelation He vouchsafed to
Blessed Margaret Mary-" My faithful servant
and perfect friend."
Other external testimony to his holinces can
lie found in his writings, and in the example of
virtue lihe gave in his life. His writings manifest
all extraordinary love of Christian and reli-
gilius perfection, anti show us also how he
practised what he persistently inculkated oil
others. In the diary of his own Spiritual Re-
treat we read thlit lie made a vow. with the ap.
probation of his Superiors, to observe his reli-
gious rules in every particular, as if they bound
him under sin, in order to be under an obliga-
tion of fulfilling, as far as possible, every duty
of my 'state of life andi to be faithful to .God
even in the slightest things." This vow his Su-
perior testified he kept faithfully till death. An-
other characteristic of his writings is, that,
though he had to write against the detestable
heresy of Jansnimis usid niany of its sipportrrs
were known to him persotially. hisi words are
entirely free from all bitterness against its
* His conduct towards others was marked also
with the same evenness of temper and naniilaility
of character. Appointed preaoher to Mary

Not loug ago he said of Venerable de la Beatrice of Moidena, D)uclirss of Yolk, at the
Colomnbiere: 0 he is my friend! From child- palace of St. Joames, London. during two years
hood I have always loved him, both for what I from 1676-1678 lie filled his diflicuiilt position
have read in his life by the Jesuit Father without giving offence to amy uone. lie lived in
Roberti, and for his relations with the Sacred the palace in the quielest mantier, devoting him-
Heart and Blessed Margaret Mary. Yes, in- self entirely to the service of God and of his
dred, I desire his beatification very much." And neighbour and conversing only on religions
after the beatification of U. Bernardine Realino topics. lie reconciled many to the Church, and
he said: There remains Claude de la Coloin- the fruit of his efforts to spread the devoting, to
hire, who is extremely dear to Us; his cause is the Sacred Heart may be seen from this, that
already advanced and almost assured; we re- the Duchess of Yolk was the first to present a
commend it urgently to the diligence and active petition to the Pope to est;iblish the feast of the
solicitude of the Cardinal Prefect of Rites." Sacred Heart.
The opinion entertained by Pope Leo XIII of The Titus Ostes' conspiracy led to his being
the holiness of Ven. de ]a Colombiire is shared arrested amd thrown into prison, where he sul.

( 34 )

"d"njIlt and 1,, i tt w l h M nrgarltii talndo fIvoreclda de Dlion con ini.
ltcrbd n 1t1t elild cru o Engll ltl 'lh chia nlrlcinnlc cIthl n l toldvihl dutdol niI crlon
unalterable t .... uttered hbanth. clih o1hra d" Dies b hiE) un" Ihnplu ilusion, y
returned to LyulS in :679 wly rom I thl e illa u h. ll t mdilte u 1l lia Iis a ll iui turl ihisl.en, y
For R ti e Il u cclltl t,) rally fro> I tlie illui h a ii a l m|tl|lail. It tit 1111n i llo ViC ituI t l i '
which h ti hhnd cltrted tl durinU arla ll)lrilon, trgad1hl li t rella de pIl'cdlicarl dtlMe I1 p)ulpito in
which heut Wil only tor short !tiine. 11. was n ucvl duvocioni, quo t lIto lilul dlchbi prodlhclr
.eit to lnrit y.l-uily. 01 for ,ia hut l of air anld o1n i' mu"ndo.' Pur thin ri.xon l Papa non pro-
eied thoer on lchruury 15, l6Ws; )0l110 pr i'itltciton ge!ncral t i te nlre qiuu o
iAler thlre on sul'lt)oru f itho Sciely to Jucu l, prO),muev lut it> ia p)rntlo poliht iln c, a .L do ,a
Alirs ltnhll waVro altl stl htv yide with tlltpe iof hentiictcionl comuo otro argulunento Int ouel fit.
I~r.ctd Manrgrr t Mury in tlle Viiatnion.clinpel vor do un11n i vocion que cut tanto coly ebtuv6
mt i IS 77 thuy wrM rtturd to trhe IFthelrs i" prop"nugsld" l"trantl" s vitldn lurtnl.
of the S.ciety nul depos>iltd il tlhe domestic Pn'tr qutl todui puedo(lnl pedir con fervor li
chapel of thue 1C idencU e ( the Filthers. Here q tlele ltno proponlu coimn inlvrnciotn general raci
trey arc vi.itcd y- inm1 y pgilgrlia with great puis muVy al proposition dair tin pcquocilit
veneration, waiwutin g the timen till they may he doe lan idai y dotl ipIrecio que so hiinz dc sul vir-
rinledl to lie htioours' of the aitlr. tueddc dleapouts dle nu monrte. Nicacitl cln St.
.The Hloly See lhs already pronounced the Synlphuricn tie Francin l nl a.i'l 16t0 dedtlu hi
life of Venerable ti I ColomlliireI holy, his ulfiez hajo In direccion de pindo t s pauriilitc,
virtues heroic, hii writings free from any stain dio Wcfialces de unn tierna devociuln hitci lIn Vir-
against faith or inmrals and lhis inttercession gen y su dlivinlo Ilijo.
salutary. All ihat runiailis lieore dlclariuig Educudo en el Cololiu dte I Piadrt s Jusui-
hinm IIclssed is that God should set HiLs scal to tas el Lyons, di6 muestrus de grande inigicin y
the wide-spread repute of Ilis sanctity by grant- virtud, ilevando la palnna centre los inuchos a-
iug luiracleI throurghl his intercessiuln. luInlnos y Ilunlladt por Di, cunl espccial vocn-
0 Jesus, throuig tillh illmaculte heart of Nlary. I ci"" i profesar vida eit hi Compa.iii
offer Thee all the prayer, works. anld suffiringa of id Jrsus, i los ldivz y sicte allftA Ct clad, en-
this diy.for all tlhe ihtentliota olTh'ty divile tleart. In l iigl
iilllo t ail lhe Ilhly Snl rillm d ilIh l ll c, hi i i' .i-- ,
union with the tacritlltit the ,Map. .i. n.pasa- tr6 Vl el noviciuotict d Avignoit n cl alint do
lion of al Illa. lnd fur all reqi'ts ptl erlteenel throui SS. El pe mucss Il&o l utlatnitii vl virttil
thlu Airl i-t, tli ti ul I'ravr; Inl tlitalll beatlletli oful Viera0 bh Culatlt. die l CoIomb!oibr. y deyoctin, y priicipalinKlte vi ht victoria coin-
pi ta do si miislnt, que tom6 culo fill princi-
LI intentcion general plropucAta pntr tl S. Padre pt tit si vida religiosa, que cl Maestro de No-
A ls Socius td 1i Sagrada A.Ji;inza par el vicious ,rlliitiendul at lin del noviclado at Co.
altt de Fclbrcro, ea l eg;o de Aviglnon, coloe atelttailn dte si conduc-
la Causa del Venerable Claudio Colombiere, ta rthcia: "Os reinhr o oti juven tie i9 anias dt
Biitt cnotcidocl tttri I i i ere xcelente disposicion, que aspira ia l in as iet-
did t Colo o r el tOtre te Venerabllle Clatti- vada virtud; ioa tie aquellas adinas valientes y
Alinu de I t Cul eirc i Sas cis de l a Sagltada generosas, tque dtesea San Igniacio per cl lsevicio
li. Marlar oit A la conexion cln 61 de la y gloria de Dirs." Asi el futoro altbstol tie Ia
dci. rcn at 8. I coque uit intitucion de la devociun del S. Corazur ecthaba hIlndos ls funt-
Di$cuio t iS. C ur zt". Demie si nacimiento dainentos de si vida religious. En oB es tudios
l)ia. lo i.truiesti pti a qut fur uit llt d o tiet filosofl on la nlislma Avignotu, y eo l o cinc
luS intro los ltcrIt rilcipal palr mll anifeltallll a ai que estuvo enscliando letra, 1di6 mutestra
uls nd ausiar crn se n Divine Ctrazol. De- de ingenio e!evadu y de cele ferviente Lparv Ias
i iairr Ci eiccit espirita l I U. atlnas de luo niiKus cnfiados i su cargu.
cw 6ao a t% cargo.

D)rntlhadil A cltudlinr tUli)gh;l o enl fIlnI-o, N. prhner im, cexirtc ll ll A In crunoiilhniIl itl lin.rte.
t'ollI!i) lie Luii el GrnId(11I. cl C riilrm .oil, f116 e;n ligiioAm dl In Vils illiilI A In eIIInl Uvli pVi tllrncIIi ,
Cnrgdo llll nil imloI tiillmpo lid In edlicncioii dc iihi .lu i dt.l.. ath ml i'vrtro,.le l cillll polirls mll-
lo h1lj IN dul Miniltro (i ie roiinto de l.uis I IV, ifrehlaiir tol nmlli~ hstllii I IcI Nlndll ao dli-
Su profundol cO lilmclinOitllt de In. literlturn ci llndo lin MNli ilIrntoIe In l dichn Icmuhnidlad
l.fiuccAll JuiltiIIn ilet I 11lislCril I p I ul I) ll tL CI llo l iOljllt'Cn t t recibil III lr y d lllll del icp
Slci onl It lltimaI ci. los l)iinlbre ti gr(n chi l ir t heI n iti coiilin vi's el Co iirTIIImm Divi
cIl alci li 7 el, i e fivc IIininh I l lt C l l l i ll Ml- ti coII u wI lit 11 li0 iiua ni tooe qI rll lIle Ilm in
ilIltr Colle rt.' y I lln l it cI loquie l filamiliml l.< Ii ll r iCh'lr l II) co ii' oi.oI)I i IM rl PllI i'r i cin rl de l'
lilk.l lite dcllii i 1n0I ilu lICtr ll inlllcl n iliidlin. i, Ir i ell llv Ill.tridli Iy.f lyv Ii UI l ii lir l) "1 l'-
li l ln i dl inL pl I ill dlipA r ll i rroti U i n tl! in 1n j u in' 111I itO.IIIn tiicorlullll l lc l I i riLin "
l rirtll, qi Rd t Il cil0 cudimill inl I cllItI il l ca iilitn y Iller i. einlo ol In cricrli p icirv ll ii rai i h linitie
1r1ncica. Orllenado sincrdul HIe R lt li ll i u cliriei In Diii:luvIt (de C0t1p11, ldClui dIlle hailIr iticiSl.
Si n ,, oihghli, iflr C tintii ri; a li primti r ci ilegio hlerl3 5 t hi t itiivteilnt iri iln nl iv in ('iI.rii.n'
idu .riiil mdi e.ll Avig 'li ll parii e nl riar relaricn. e l I II forIII cuio 18cidisoi, le i ld ilden lle IucrO
Al ctiirto Afiil du I reisidellLc i in fu tan cIl(tli (pr6 criincer i I rlno el i cnui indo I i proligioi lic I,11
e.g"ido pairi predicar tilr curs(ii ilC lermones, Corlzonl protct1mandu Dl i lh s inulllliciincia
qi I il' frnaioi ;i i.pll prillOci)pal id Ill t llhhcmiis <.lstrii itrt. mIli siervo fi, rcl P. le In Colmoiniire iy digin-
Eln l a'|R tlo 11673', I. ll In coNstumIlitre la t Ile dCe Ii parlte que hlilagi to(ldo o psctile )parc
Ci,"imp)IliaIIi cln') ll lcn li IIie tilrcur p)roba)cio es.S:ab!)lvecCr es (ldevociunl para coumplaccr 5 "ni
cei'ra de Lyonsl I|;lrii hiacr si segniito novicia- C(or~ on.l
do, qili si ll;tin;i It tci' rli; prolmnciVon, dutrail i Coil tail nislon iimpucstle.por el mismo Je-
rl ctlal til'in)po retir;ltds tie lo estudlins y. mliis- sucristo no podia cl Veneirable Padre resislirr
twrios sv remi.'plllrii nlos jollenlo sulcerlots die lan y amnllnte, clnio er de ctIlmlir c n lal divilln
Clipllti)itiii en ll i *iltilot s rejericioa di lcos IUsvi- -volntnl tcili igr6 Il restlnnte de s vida llc prc-
ciu, juitlillt.illte la pi red cidon (de ilisilres. dlicr l oluieva ldevocion prinmerot e miisml
DurTanIte ese iio, pr lit fsta ti de la Prersenta- P1arlny-le-Mollial, liiego eln Inglatcrra, atlndolc
cinln tie la Vircll cu plleno collcentilintirlo Nus dircectures e ,irituals pronllci6i coln granllde tanrar I:( dcvocin anl S;atitilsitil Sacramlttluo dtl
Shvroismno. n ll -voto especi;l de obsurvar to- altar y niueva d cvicioln.
[ w 'll Rn la ColltittCitiesyRegia In Compania, Dutm te su 'rsidencia vn la Corle lie St.
voto que olscn'r6 con tod( rigor hasta el fin do sti James, conio Director e piiritial de In Duqlues
vidla. Prcparado lcedsle otlmou ht ltran misi.on, i de York, logru con sus sermonel y coloquin,
la ciial Diot; Il tenia destinado, fud itdstin:vndo poIr privados la conversion tie muchos rtesltanlte
sus Superiorues a scr Superior de lIt rcsldencia de c inducir i la misma Duqusna para que p|rimne-
Paray-le-Moniidl. Ahl vitno en contact coln la ra hiciern ltlia peticiti al 'Paha dl aprobar la
Bielniciveturada Margarila Alacoque dirigierido nueva devocion y establecer li ficata del Sagrado
por diez y oclho meIr'. su conscicci a durant' cl Coraonll. Expuloduo (le Inglaterra ell el aSo
ticimpode las aparicioies. Trcr vec-., princi- 1678, ldesgic s d una durn prison, i primeros
palmente hlah16 el Divino Corazon a su sicrva del ano 1679, vino i' Paris, viiito de paso
del amnor especiat que tenia hicia el Vcn. de Ia Paray.-I-l lonial, en done tuvo el consuclo de
Columhibre: la prinmra vrz cuando estando r- ver por In ultima vez i la Bitnaviinlturada .Mar-
Ila en ercrupluls s ibre la veracidad de bun vi- gnrita de cuvia boca de parole de Jesucristo oy6
ciolci., micntras que cl Venerable I'adle daba wu poluximl, il.

( 36 )

Fu: destinado por ultimno i Lyons e donde THE PURIFICATION,
dsps de larga ecericmdad, sosteinda con In FrEBRUARY 2ND.
idesp y rignacion, eln el dia 15 tde Fe-
xbrero i 16SP i Il edad de cuarenta y uno anos
slibro desta ida mortal. para que so uniera ANn after the days of her purification, according
Is a im ai Divino Coranon.qu e tanto am6 ent t the law of Moses were accomplished, they
Its a. carried Him lo Jerusalem to present Him to the
P ublicda It vida y fas obrs dtl Padre doe hI Lord. St Luke II, 22.
Colo mbiire so inmemoria, quedd inimortal, entire The Levitical law (Levit. xii, 2 seq.) declared
los que conocieran y principalmen!te entire los women unclean for seven days after the birth of a
derotos del Cortaon de JeIMu, recounciendo en Imale child; it excluded them from the sanctuary
l6 un instnrmento principal, dc que se Sirlvi for 33 days more; on the fortieth day they had to
Jesucristo p'ara dar al itnlldo estia hili fiail appear in the temple and to offer a holocaust and
de su amor. Los homnbrcs eminentes en santi- a young pigeon or turtle-dove as a sin-offering.
dad lo han tcnido sieipre en grande venera- In the case of the.poor it was enough to offer two
cion. y unos sumos pontifices han dado te.tihno- turtle-doves or young pigeons o le as a holocaust
nio do sua prccio. and the other as a sin offering. The Bless.d
Uastari por todos referir las palahras del ac- Virgin was not bound by this law, since the chil
tual puntiicefao L do l II rre doi Coloda hi r. orn of her was conceived bh the Hol iGhost.
Las prinmcras l 25 de Mlarao 195 cuaino,ldcs- But as her divine Son subject-d llinmself to the
pues hhcer dcclarado .Bernardino Realineo lie- burdens of tle law, that h,' lilmght set His seal to
maveinturado do o "y liienos do unos Saiii .s its divine origin, remove occasion of scandal, and
SClalo d i la Colmaiiia rle JsusIm abeo qr ited leave us an example of humility, similar motives
Claudlio de la Goloinhlnce biianialut le qnerulrl o It
mi curazon. So causes esta bien adehntauda v no doubt induced the Virgin to undergo the rite
casi segura.. l.a hemus recocnleiudli co.n tr. of purification. It is hise\vcnt wlichl th lCatholic
geicia i la diligent y active solicitidl del Car- Church celebrates in the feast which bears that
denal 'Prefcto de los Ritos"; y otra cuailido name, and which is kept onl February ; ,nd, forty
hiliendule prescntadoor sp s apioba'cl.n cm dn tr Christms.
inltenciun general per Cest mles hl causa del V da- ftrChrs
nerallc de Ia Colomoiitre dijo: "O! cs mli ai- It was celebrated in the fifth century in tlie
go. Desde mi juventud lo he queriilo, tanto )pr Church of Jerusalem and Vencrablc Bede alludes kidil sNi vida.l como por sut rlelci c, el to the candles borne in procession and held in
Corazonde Jesus yla ieniavenlturala Margarita.the l'aknd during Mas, whilst St. Eligius, who
Tal es el Venerable cuyna causa soe pop one co- was bishop of Noyon in France from 64o-648,
II,)' intcuicion generall de este mein. Sos vii tiidesI
ha1 sido va Jlcclarl as en gradu heroic por liti has a sermon on the day of thl Purification of St.
Cungregacion de Ritos. Faltan los milagros Mary. The festival then is of\,ery great antiquity
como arguimento irrefragable para su beatitica- in the Church.
cio; y esos cmilagros de primer gradto soln lin But there are two other events besides Holy
u0 pedimos al Sagrado Corra oa, parn que glou- Mary's purification. to which no less prominence
I servo y com.irnre aieinpre mas Ia
devocion al Siarado Comron. in given in the Mass of the day. Candles are
La uraciun del mea seri, puec: blessed and carried in procession to remind us
O i0h1 Je1s 1 int por medodlelCorazon Inmatiilado how the holy old man Simeon met our Lord,
as Ias 5 llll osana ud rO% las oraones, bray' took him in his ans, and declared him the light
Iralal" ,' e di I mt dis, ,paras rarar lasoiisa t .. tit
s" i"t "lUe I raIn 1t ),). w Intenelnes uar realro of the gentiles and the glory of Israel. Next in
agr"do ICoraimn. y pntloularineiate parsa e lProa t collect, .
to tputa r~r nielarno Ia el Vene e llon' the cllect, epistle an goslpl lther are marked
d (.luotnuWtre. Al i sea. references to the fact that our Lord was at tho

( 37 )

same time presented in the temple and redeemed O blessed priest! worn down with age,
with five shekels. (Luke II, 22; Exod. xiii. 2; wearied with thy long ears of waiting for the
Numb. viii, 6, xviii, s1). The Greeks call this "Consolation of Israel," kept alive in dnay
S. Th Getg u a hr which were out of harmony with thy spirit,
festival Hypapate, i. e. th. meeting of our Lo en a St. John th Evangelist wa after thee,
with Simteon and Anna. In allusion to thVse surely lie who made thee, lie who is aomn to
various events Father F. W. Faber has some judge thee, lie whom thou art folding so
beautiful thoughts both in prose and poetry, proudly in thine arms, must have sent thee
which we venture to abridg.e:- strength of His omnipotence into thy heart, else
thou wouldst never have been able to stand the
She was cooling to the Tenmpl, still a virgin, flood of strong gladnhess which, at that moment,
yet, mystery of grace! a mother with a chikl. broke in upon thy spirit!
Sheecame o he purified, she who was purer
than the untrodden snow on Lehanon. She cinme
to present her child to God, and do for the THE PURIFICATION.
Creator what no creature but herself could dtlo,
give Him a gift fully equal to Hlimself.
When (he second Temple was built, the Joy! joy I the Mother comes
ancients of the people lifttd up their voices iandm Anl in her arms she brings
wept, because its glory was not equal to the The Light of all the world
glury of the first. Rut the first Temple had The Christ, the King of Kings;
never seen such a day as that which was now And in her heart the while
'dawning on the Temple uf Herod. The glory of All silently she siins.
the Iloly of Holies was but a symbol of the real St. Joseph follows near
glory, which NI ry was now bearing thitherward In rapture lost and love,
in her armis. Ih;'t she ihad two offerings with While angels round about
her. She bore one, andl JToeph the olher. She In glowing circles move.
hore her child, and he, the pair of turtle-doves, Andl o'er the Mother broods
or two young pigeons, for her purification. The Everlasting Dove.
Many saw lthlct pass. But there wits nothing
singular in them, thing especially attractive There in the temple court
to the eyes of the Ibeholders. (So it always is. ,Old Simeon's heart heats high,
where (;oil is. Now that He is visible, Ile is, And Anna feeds her soul
in truth, except to faitl and love, just as invisi- VWith food of prophecy;
hle as He ever was.) But see I the shadows pass,
hMav mriltc her offerings, and performedd The world's true Light draws nigh.
all things according to the law of the Lord." O Infant God l O Christ
For the Spirit of Jesus was a spirit of obedience ; Light most beautiful,
and although the brightness of angelic innocence Thou comes, Joy of joysl
was dull beside the whiteness of her purity, she All darknrss to annul;
obeyed the law of God in the ceremony of her And brightest lights of earth
purification, the more readily as it was a con- Beside Thy Light are dull.
cealment of her graces. But she bore also i A, with what thrills of awe
her arms, her true turtle-dove, to do for lm Ahe wlother'a hrart is teeming,
likewise "according to the custom of the law." To think the new-born Light
She placed him in the arms of the aged priest That o'er the world is streaming
Simueon, as she has done since in vision to so At His ow. hand,
many of the saints, and the full light broke onl p to e redeeming.
Simeot's soul. Weak with age, he threw h Should stoop to need redeeming.
arms around his God. Ill bore the whole Ther to that Mother now,
weight of the Creator, and yet stood upright. All rightful worship hel
The sight of that infant face, was nothing less For thou hast ransomed Him
than the glory of heaven. The Holy Ghost had Who first did ransom their;
kept His promise. Simeon hail seen, nny, was Oh, with thy Mother's tongue
at that moment handling, the Lord's Christ." Pray Ilu to sansusI mel

( 38 )

stlo t riiscU-iirl'li mc11e incnso sefnalla, sin que
li reehlii6 '*ililpina hiava paisado A In historic.
(I1(jSICA EXTERIOR.L Se ve, purs, qiu ioa gellrrales Werylcr y
I'olaviltja Ito est6in lcilendul pcrfectaniLtele.
I'u A. lRuna y a 14 rdo Etero. nla pll'a lb CUIIA NO Si' VlivN) El diplutlldo de Mitiai-
bnicwA nlo dcrect, c" mp'ic.Ats L s "stra HO pi Mrr; Sp.nctr-co-provinlciini, tle Mr. Money
hbnica o c cmi (Dago p Dicrao)-prcescti aver A hi 0la C iuara ut
o, los del, iamhire. En Aulkeri eian e caat no u iai a p rn quisa; Estimud Uiiitor coiprni
vvt)Vdctl paral qm-ll1t UshtllJos UuidoA Conil)ren
do Sooo fugiilvos coi petligr'de que estIait el Rlal do Cula Oulln de ow sos.
cer. ire elios. El Gthierno se cstucrea por Mr. Spencer hari vkirs.gestiollces ine la Co-
SuxiliarloI, pIcro lis rCsultados ohlenilos soln nisi6u de Asuntos Exteriores para que d> unl
.caoili.. En P'oollna y U"Bidia la epidelin ha dictametn favorable i su proyectu, y espera salir
eC! Ies. E n aro en an empresa.
licclho gritides estr;igos. En t'ldals paites el i- Sipo,(gnsa qule st,--y supongaios y cs
Imonii)tlloiento deL cailavlercs diliculla hs ien. muicho sul oner-que ambas Ciaaras y el 'rec-
(lerros,' ic Los faillecidiecutitu elln Inllahy hi n bido 2,356. Pues,, cotna si no hubietra n1robado inathl:
Los curopeons t" ren librs dte In plagna, poire Iorliue piarn collpriir es micnestcr que haya
tl t t tl( e ti i e l l a l l ihs n l l l e d o la S li C e s, q u i c ut v e nd a .
suicuin i cil los animals ustic Y como dlice muy oportunaimentc nuestro idig-
Ilomtaay, iS de Eniro. Cointimut lonimano no ,y enteotido Mlinistro el Sr. Dupty ti Lomc:
nlais ftera it plal lihuiliica y crcce la mni- 'iCtiha no seo veide".
raciilu de los habtlflililt de los qiu len h tuilhl Es el dlico comentcario que'ha helicho, y el
unoi dos Iercios. Desde el principio tie aquella n lo qule pac hacee A la pr.oposo d
petecidt 3.593 perolits. Mrsl' r.
percicl 2.59 prii El cral. Wcyler esta list pliarn salir, al primer
ICs EXCeui. s o Itiitnlo, de la provincii tie d Ilolilaaiis a In tie
ithNAs NOTICI.S. Exclcncte so.>, pn dlc- Sitia Cia con el ittitto dte Maxianlo
to, ia ilue puliliicanuiim y cu otrlo lhigir con G(jCiz cvoS llvit( ieilltas vi ila. Diccese que
iclaciitn ii Culm y h Filipinas. h:im silido fucris ebpinfuilai.s a rT'Cfraar li trocha
RHtepo tie lia Gran Aitilla, tldo ildica quo dt Juicaro A Mor6n ipara cerrar 'l paso A G6-
la iacilicncic6 nuarchla Ai piaiu.i ido. Acreili. i ezLll que ha eniegitJo A corrcrst e A Oriinte,
ta .' o "I btdadt o PelmIiticoa it zafrt ean ti co, cl l intento qluizAiis d rccibir socurros y re-
la.. l hio,,, (lei,..fut lrzots lde Calixto Garcia. Se dice qtle Gomnez ihnL lar del Rio y Staita laiir lt; lJ a esti ccalubO e tmunicliionts y quc sus mllovilnien-
suc ivils dilrasi, de l ins aiircclitre y l p1)roxi- t os no piuecle ser tal ripidos comeo el Ia inva- ,
Iitladll tie Ins refiorlnui, lqul .gailt cl Sr. C:.aii,- si6n dcl invierno pasaldo, contrilbuyetndo a ello
aiS i.el n anl|liinias ya pritanrili el ospiritil li- lal cscze tle canllllol para los lie
heral liel ioaliernio y so tlicitiad I;r cl bicll van quidaiido iititsels y el escuiitsimno apoyo
e Cl e ll r ei i elcuentral n el pals, bien ill reves de lo
atic C l. '1 ue speraba. Adlemis, la nlmuerl de Macco
La tie Filiplias son aii nl miss aalisfacltias: ha ciautsadlu un ltecto desustroso enl las fils
In rebcli6ni pulde darse por bofucadii ru la pro. iuliirrecula.
vincia de Ilulciu ; ell l:is olliAhr sth iallli6Cii G4t6meb hba dirigido a la Junta insurrecta una
li'ubrantiiliima, iy ulo qutlvtttt la Il d Cavile Co"un"icicio I cl qule xpotit la situacidn con
uH icla i ri..nte ,I al Ealit b ae Cn i lo today frillaqueza; este docutinliittl ha caklo en
to i mlaccs portile l i ii s clltnll 1"po dr tie lus etpaithlvs y fu6 t ttrlegado al gcle-
HllltoIiat eit rsco posici,. ri Wr yler. Se dice que la Juntla t ha mani-
El m inlatil ilci iliociuli ipiialuda tlstudo i GO6nte que, por el cftcto de sat esca-
sU ldpe miha nllda $l principic do ii al, cola lu se, de recurso' no pticle cnviatirl armas y
dell"ln tlartnda que sif ricton lIo, riedelds e n nl tuncionls con tanta frecCencia conlo antcs.
*C Ha Iiaiuidai vuariut l'fuw>su a co,,c>rlitros.on las
Cel oin tlulacan) ii "aios del l gell:lcal Risio, prfiias in ila Mnluillz.ia y SaVntll
t "'4n Lii 1.330 muritos. E. iroubable que Cla'ra. El tiltniigo abandoll6 2 na erntilos.



( 36)

tuiinaury of' Moteorological Ohsorvations during the month of Julaunry, 1897.


Max. Min-. Mean

Thennometer sychruometer

Max; M. Mli lea Dry Wet iiuI.I Dow

S2.90 2.81) 29.04 87 77 8I 83 81 tK ;9.7
2 .97 .01 .04 84 77 81 81 70 10 77.7
a .95 .00 .j90 r 81 77 81 8 SO 10 7m.7
4 80.05 80.01 30.(;01 74 79 70 7; 85 7:3.
S .07 .0 .00 72 18 70 70 ti9 94 6i8.2
I1 .14: .0i .10 73 64 70 .71 i7 714 .i.l
7 .24 .23 .23 75 14 70 71 t 73 w2.2
8 .20 '.23 .241 744 624 70 71 i3 I1i 56i.0
u .27 .2 .i .27 79 0w1 70 74 u9 74 05.8
1.) .2 .22 .24 774 W1iG 73 74 i7 811 61.9
Ii .1 .08 .1 77 61 74 70 09 t7 14.0
12 .05 01 .03 78 (11 74 14 70 70 61.1
li1 .04 20,98 .,( 7i4 s 1 75 75 72 841 69.8
14 .01 .01) .00 824 74 70 79 75 80 72.3
15 29.00 .911 29.08 83 76 80 81 75 72 70.9
la .,92 .81 .89 t34 76 80 80 75 75 71.01
17 i .88 .92 8i 7l4 80 80 74 71 11.9
18 80.07 30.17 80.07 l84 754 70 80 74 71 60.9
[1 .102 2I.95- 29.99 82 74 T 80 76 75 70.1
l0 20),5 .0)0 .93 84 76 80 8 70 80 13.3
11 .107 .91 .14 4 75 80 80 10 60 73.3
12 i8 .Il .o 0 88 71i 81 82 77 14 73.0
J3 30.00 .02 .00 83 70 70 80 15 75 711.1
!4 .00 I00 .95 b3 77 80 81 77 80 74.8
!5 29.08 .8 ..03 82 77 80 tO 70 80 i3.3
hi .91 .00 .91 I 75'i9 81 77 80 74.3
.7 .91) .08 .On! S 73i 78 79 75 80 72.3
!8 30.09 a0.02 30.0.i 74 67 71 12 70 81' 418.6
19 29.97 2i9.1 2.4.04 Si 70 77 711 70I 85 73.9
10 .98 .0fi .7 So 67 76 78 78 7 76 69.
11 30.00 .07 .98 82 70 78 d 7i 10 78 .

S30.20 20.8 30.02 84 021 77 78 74 79 71.,

Explanation for the Sky: C. Cumulus, Sk. Cirrus, S. Stratus. N. Nimbus, 0 qilte clear, 10covered, rain.
The average monthly observations for seven years was followed by a like fall to 20.03 on the 20th and froml
give for January- 26th began another rile followed by a fall on the 291h.
For 1895 and 1809. The Thermometer fell from 81i on the lt to 70- on
Barometer .03 80.025 the 5th. On the 10th it began to rise until on the Ithl
'hnd ometer N andW It reached 8O average teieraure. and continued
I >nv Days 1 ndW N within one degree of that point till l1e 27th, when It
nv Days 4 in11 fell to 78" nd on the 28th to 71 Thence It rose to
Inculs of tiln. 2 780 on the 3s1t.
January 1897 has been warmer thanusual, owing to The Humidty was low for our climate.
the prevalence of ESE winds. Rain fell on 11 days
and was never abundant, except on the 28th and 21tb, The sky during the day has been usually iore than
on which days more than an Inch fell. half-covered with dense cuinulo-nlmbuts clouds. gen-
Tihe Barometer rose steadily from 20.93 on the 8rd rally passlngover without discharging themselves.
to 20.27 on the 9th. From thsl point began a gradual The weather has been healthy and there were less
fall to 29.80'on thiel6th. Another rise to 30.07 on 8lth colds than usually mark the opening of the year.


I Anemometer Sky
I ----Vei ~"l--~
Directlun! In Quality .

IVN I V Nc. 1

N C 54
N I444
SW-E NS $0
Nxr 10
1X USSk 4
(r S(k 47

EN E C .k 31
ESE N Sk .7
8 N4'< 8
W- 8u 11Sk 71
N-ES I CS.N 86

LE 8 kC 6I


( 40 )

t etr. Thr Psychroimeter. Anem. Sky. Rain in Inches.
-a-. IM i N il e an M te..r. i Drty!"a Dw. Direction, Quaity, 4| A B c
anuar--3'. '-0. 0 7"5 7i 7 7+ 9 NW-Na C.S 5 6 3.67 P 1. 6tO
S... 9.63o.o 777 73 775 9.5 C.S.N 5 6 0.7 58 2.. 6
rh ... 30.o9. 9.719 sol 7o' .9 E.EE C 3 4 0. .69 4.o0
April .:. 30. : 9.7 29.9-7 87 71 S S3 7S 77 .0 730 C.N. 4,o 7. 4. 3.09
Den~c.**** 308.4'9 .1 S.j I 9 7 6 1 6 g.4 1
May :30.0329.7729. 9' 71 76 7.7 E C.N 6 3.694 .95 6.
ne ......3099-2 9.797,' 9- 1 s S 736 .77 E C.S.N 6 16i0o. 7
'lv i3jo.0729.'So 9 1 73 831 I So "77.4 EN C.N.S 7, 3.76
Ahtst.....7o779.. 1,9 ,:9,73 S ( S o_75 7. E C.S.N .6 .o 6.9733.7324.09
S.. 294.95-97519-S. 93 74 3 S7 l 73 77.1 WK-N- C..Sk 5 16 2.l,26. 69ji.S
Octoer...30.09.74 '.' 73 83 -5 So .6 76.7 W-N.E C.S.N 7 ,65 6..660.98 14.47

1895:30.33'29.59y29.95 9-9157 S1 "lS 7 6 736 E C.S.N I',1669.$z2og.48| 0
891( 30.21 39.Yo,9.95, 91 16, oSoo 76 o 73.3 E-W 7C.N B '9:26S.74 l__ 43.08

The Psychrometer showed a drier state of the so prominently as last year, that the rain is
atmuiiiphere than usual, (the average humidity abundant in the south and medium in the centre,
being So)due partly to'the less frequency of \V whitst the coming return from the north will
'winds and ts Ihe lesser rainfall, which was below tell us that the rainfall has again been scanty in
the average, 76 inches.' the north.
Rain i Belize averages about 150 days an- The meteorological observations of 1896 tend
mially; so that this year it was .more frequent to confirm the remarks, which we made with re-
thugh less in quantity, ference to those of l89)--that the altered hours
The Wind hs been ta o in this of taking the observations, (o a.m. and.4 p.m.,
Sat there has lbeen less xcp ain S inl d thin instead of 6 a.n., 2 noon and 6 p.m., as taken till
usual and the veha ity oe the w inds than S895) has given a higher mean annual tern-
l; ary rd at.e velocity aof thi wind haons sever peratyre, a lower degree of humidity and a less
1in very, grsea. We had a t high wind on several 'qfrequn t record' of W wind.
ldays during March, ou June loth and Dec. tst; qucAt rcord f W whsde
but there was no gale as in some previous yera As to the Barometer, the maximum has been
to do serious damage to property, above the average, 30.25, the minimum below
Th there har s b, fee l ess al r r *',the average, 29h 65, whilst the mean is the normal
There were but feiw thuullersLrn s during given during the last 9 years.
<896, and these not severe, ad no earthquakes Te Mai degree of temperature wa a
* were recorded. e Maimum degre of tempeture w
degree above the usual record, the minimum was
I n the above simmnary. of the Rain, A gives normal..The mean was the same as thatof 1895,
tie rainfall in" I4dize during 896, 1 and C that a degree above the average. August, September,
of Piunta'Grda during t8's and 1896rscppective- October and November were unusually hot
4y, 22 thaf Cdro1al in S174 which in 1895 was months and there was during that time wide.
tw. We ave not yet received the Corozal re 'spread malarial fever in Belize, though there Were
turn f .. The suIImmary shows, though not but few fatal cases.



3rd month MARCH

I11Day of

1 1I. Bi. Carvalbho. H.J., and Conmp., MM. (11124)
2 T. Ollce of St. Francis Xavier
. W. Atsh.Wednesday.-St. Ulnegimnde, V.;. (Oermany. 1040). Aiml.
4 Tl. S. 't.. asJilir. K. (P'olinrl. 1484).-St. Ilctius. I'.M. (22).
5 F. First Friday.-Hloly Crown of 'horns of our Lord" Abel.
II S. St. Colette, V. (Poor Olares, 1447)

7 Sn. 1st In Lnut.-Epist. 2 Cor. vl. 1-1C; Uosp. Malt. 14. 1-11
8 1. St. .loln.of God, F. (lnospitallers, 1560)
9 T. St. Frnncec of Rome, W. (1440)
1(0 W. Etiber IDay.-The 40 Martyrs of Sebaste. (2'2)
II Th. St. Tibolas Aqulinus. 1. (0. P., 1274)
12 F. Holy l.nco and Nails of our Lord Abet.
13 S. Emlber Diy.-St. Gregory I.. the Great. P.I. (604)

14 Sn. 2nd In Lent.-- pisl. I Thles. iv. 1-7; Gosp. Mall. xvill. 1-9
1r, I1. St. Longinus. M. (80)
16 T. St. Columba. V.M. (3L).-I. Finlan. the Leper, 610)
17 W. St. I'atrick, lp. (Apostle of Ireland, 404)
18 Th. St. Gabriel, Anrhitanel
1 V. St. JosM. pi. Spolusc i.V.M. Abtl.
20 8. St. Cyrli of JeruIsaIlne, lip. D. (396).-St. Cillihert. Ip. i'67)

2 1 N. trd in Lent.-Epis-ll. Ephes. v. 1-9; Goop. Luke xl. 14-28
22 NI. St.. Ienedict.F. (U.S.Fl.. i543)
23 T. lolv Winding iSheet of our L.nrd
24 W. St. lliam of Norwich, M. (Ioy of 12 yearn, 1187)
25 Th. Annunciation II.V.M.
26 F. The Five Wonnds.-St. Ludger, Bp. (0.8.11., 800). A4W.
27 8. SLt John Dl)anlacene, I). (780)

28 8g. 4th In Lent.-Epilt. Gal. Iv. 22-81; Gorp. John vi. I-16
20 M. St. Eustase. Ab. (625)
30 T. St. Zolimnus, Bp. (660).-St. John Clnimain, Ab. 606)
81 W. B. Nicholas of FPItn (1487)


Sun rise skHun sens iloon*s
pi I la\ e on
11. 2. I1. 1M. e o la.

a 0 10 6 O; l S
0 I1 11 1
0 1l1 a ( 14;
0 li s (U8 1
O 15 6a (WA X

6 In 607 *t
6 I1 61 07 Or
l 131 I It8 i.
6 12 6 084 09

a 10 a (01
6 11 Ia W .

0 11 6 09A i
S l 0 i 10 I *1

8 08 6 0IB a1

8 (I. II II 1
a ff(I a 11 :

6 4) 6 12
6 60 .816 4.

6 W 8 12) J
AN a 121 X6
8 67 6 121 4
a6 B N 13 41
8 6114 6 13 4.

Abbrewationa--Ah Abbot, Ap.Apostle, Bp.Blihop. C.Conlfesor. 1).Doctor, Ev.Evangellet, E.EInpreOs,
F.Founder, K.King, M.Martyr, l'.Fope, Q.Queen, V.Vlrgin, W.Widow
e New Moon, ) First Quarter, Full Moon, L List Quarter.

( 42 )


SPage 41 l I Illllorical Sketch of the Calholic
Vi.aria Calendar 4t lMission In Brilshl Ilonduras Page 419
Monthly Not" 2' The Fourth Centenary fit Ilthe Dis-
Tli Itellze 'Ml' llin 4 Annirry 3 every of the Enrt Indlies 5" 3
Tlie quenes 4 lxth lrl' 4 a VenerableFitthlerAnLtnydeVicyra h5i
Tire ,lICraO finn t I l-ceii'nary of Dupiclx itN
.rpiK an Kres of n" -' .n 0o AChronlcle of the Snored heart 57
u,,htlic -o I in 18, 17 .tholl Progress in Cylh 9
Orange Walk ('tloe Clb i Po i yl

1( N'I'I IY NOT, S.

.. MnTKttOLUstCAL.:
'Tle average MSnll nsftnllw" :--talrn*e*er 2i.98.
ThertmoMlteCr I. Wind XNK-lS'. Itainy days It.nchei
of rain I.l1. In Mnrenl I113 illthre was only M inch
and hi March 18W", 4.77 Inches of rain.
1. Suren ior. IBetiz.U Civkl A s on...
1 S aprvine 4.o urt. hrlize. Civl fewltons.

A. By speanl Indnlt It Is allowed to take in the
morning a small piece of bread with a cipi of coffee,
tes. Fhoitorl el or onllltllnh.n shnmlar.
'liThe ai of lard Is alltowedin Ilin preparation of food.
AWhen Ilh luse of meat is allowed, those who are ex-
elnpt from fasting can use it several times a day.
In cea e of doubt the pastor or confessor Is to be


1. Ieo XIII Ibrn 1810.
3. Lto XIII crowned I18S. R KV.VAI. MiSSION will he given at the
2. Meeting of the cliMe Iisrit Hard. & A Cathetdral of the Catholic Churchl, lclize,
17. ting of the Eduction Hoard. during the coming Lent. The tsrmons
rl.EsI AInTc'Al.. will eu.preCched ill Spalish and in English and
X. Ash Wdtnes'lday. Ashes lusposed before Mali. at the Mission will he divided in foir sections. A
i. i. i3. EiliT y [6.30. full week will be devoted to the Mission for the
i. t. Josephl. Hlgh. Mss. hiadies ald another week for the gentlemen,
.whilst there will he a triduum fol the girls and
iREftII,ATIONW FIi LENVT 18.17. I another for the boys. The Mission sermousl for
i "the ladies and for the girls will 4e preached in
I.r. NT Ieinlthl rar on Wed.neday.v. Ma.rc 3rd. The Spanish nnd for the gentleimen and Ihys in
regulai.ons for tl Bletwrvance aI a fo llows. iEnglish. The section for the ladies will hegin
I. All dlay of l.rilt Cexecrt Suldayv. In t fatln.- the n m the evening of the t4th March and eml
days. Ily dilI.satin, ainent Is nlloued on all da,'s with a general Communion ion aIst March. Oil
re s'.lAhlitYl.-WedneHlay all Fridays, and th last ifolr the following day, 22nd March, the Iriduum for
da of + i'..e ,y trihe girls begins at the Convent Chapel land e.ids
2. All the faitilld, over 21 ears of age alre oond I with the, I Irallll Conmitnion at the Ceathedial
to fast. Thsey Illv P toPI 0111' %Vlt g"6-al Comnmmunionl at tilt! Cathedral
If te day. T e li aime't annd "lsl an n alo!wd at te th March, the Annumciation ,of the B.Vir-
srle nneal, even on Sundays. Kggs', milk. amnd butter gin Ma l ry. Il the evening of 28lh March, the
a hOeese ri allowed on all days of Lent. Mission for the geotlemeln will begin and it will
3. in fas" dll,. ontllv oe fi u al Isl n allowed. clause with a general Coilmniioioin on Passion,
4. A collation it atll, .en eoe noonn. Sunl 4th April. The next lday, 5th April,
tnllt satin llo n thie venIng. No rtle the trlunom for the boys will commence, and
'o .e I.ealyn; hot1 the d adihetl Ite f olllt i the general Conmmlnio,, to end their triduum,
"l ItO ex e hc i the oirlh. arth l of an or isnary li. ill be given on Friday morning, feast of Our
I~h lgtas s that a 1 lu it btimounue of frhll ,lly Lady of Dolours, 9th April.
ll- h l (tl Wi tlime cuslonm of tking dInneWr We hope that all the Catholics in Belize will
te ining, afternoon te iln ,a tn i do tIheir best to assist regularly at the Mission
w Froim l oblll ton of jrino are exept: services, both morning and evening. All who
no ae nl, twenty-one earsn of n tre Am: are not Catholics and who would wish to hear
in hard 1 *e sk. and thoe who re engaged the Mission sermons witt be welcome in our
I s. nd te arCathedral.

( 43 "

The following is the plni of the Mission:
March 14.-The Mlsslon for the ladies begins at
the Cathedral lit 7 p.m. '''
1* 15-20.-Mass. and Insiltn.rlion at 5 every
morning duringg tihe week.
Sernon and benedictton at 7 every
S 21.--Paschal Communlon for. the ladlei J
22, 23, 24.-TridntCin for the girls at the Con-
Svent Chintpl.
lacs and.Instruetlon nt 6 a. m.
Sernion and benediction at 7 every
evening during the week.
".-l'ashbal CoIlniinonu at the Catheld-
ral at7 a.m.
28.-The Mission for Ihe gentlenten be-
gins at thie C(athedral lit 7 P.I.
Mar. 29-Apr. 3.-Mass and Instruction at 6 every
l morning during the week.
Snnron nnd Benediction at 7 every
evening during the week.
April 4.-1i'nrliia l (.'olmiunon for the gentle-
imen tit 7 a.m.
5,i, 7.-7-Tridunn for the boys at the
Mass and Instruction at 1.80 in the
Sermon and Benediction at 2 in the
.-P-aschlal Commnnnion at the Catlhed-
ral it 7 a.m.
lBishop Salvatore Dil'ictro left Belize for the
Sluth near the end of Fehruary to begin his
annual Pastoral Vilitation. le will continue i
his Visitation during the Lent, and expects ito
return tito Iclie for the celebration of llHly
Week. As it is impo.s.ihle to fix with crta:inly
tile dates of his arrival and departure from tlhe
various stations, oln account of the dilicultics
and uncertainties of travelling in the Colony,
we can only name the dlays on which his Lord-
a, ip intends to give Confirmation at the differ-
'eat places.
Feb. 24.-Ills Lordship, Bishop Dil'letro left Belie.,
Date Day Conlinnation at
Feb. 28.-QulituiiaLesliii Sunday iMnllin' Itver.
. Mar. 3.-Ash VWcnesday Stann Creek.
7.-First Sunday of Lent Igalln.
10.-Wednesday Seine Iight.
4.- Second Sunday of Lent Monkey River.
l1.-St. .Joseph Itedcllif.
21.-Thilrd nnday of Lent 8. e'dro. Sarstoon.
24.-Wednesday Toledo.
i.-Folirtll Sunday of Lent. San Antonli.
Apr. 4.-Flfth Sunday of Lent- Plunta iordia.
9.-Friday, slahop DIPletro returns to Belize.
Any alteration in this plan, which may, oni
account of unforeeen circumstances, have to be
made. will lie notified ini time to those whom it
may concern.

1f IIROUGUOUT the British Empire
preparationss are already begun to
.. i 1 cel ,r'lte in .1 'fitting mannd,,er the
sixtieth year of Queen Victorla's
reign. It was Ilcr Ma:jesty's wish that this cele-
bra;tion should hbe kept not when her reign hal
already exceeded thiat of any other English
Sovereign, nll 23rd September luat, (more cor-
rectly 22nd September) but when'the 6oth year
of her reign was completeld, viZ: .lith June, 1897.
A lre;uly, since the list days of lanuarU the
olinids of Hler Maijesty's loyal sulijecls of llitish
onllduras have turned to con.aidr what they
could do. according to their sinall means. to
publicly commemnorate thle hleh ingis received
during so long nd hlciifictil a reign. B1ifore
leaving Sir Alfred Milonuey appoiinted a Com-
mIittee, consisting of the following gentlemen:
Messrs. Melhadlo, Fairwcather, I. M. Rohado,
Logain, Cuthbert, Ottley, J. A. Mc)ionaild
Slusher, C. Ilennett und Dr. Gallne. to call a
plpulic meeting to decide how to celebrate in the
most fitting manner the 'sixtiellh year of the
Quele's rFign..
The Committee met in the Council Chamber,
30th January and hhnse as Chairman, llnii. C.
Mlelhadlo anil Dr. (;ilnme to aclt s Secretary.
The following resolutions were passed una-
nimii usly :
( I ) Moved Iv I)r.Gahlie and Cstcoidld by Mr.
Rosiido, that the lirst resolution to ble imoed at
the public mitecting Ibe one of lthankfulness to
God for preserving Her Majestly Quneeii Victoria
to reign for so long a period, iand that the heals
of denomilnations Ie asked Iby the Clairmilan to
ncet together to frame a resoliuion-to be moved
and seconded by two of them at the ptbllic miet-
ing-and to submit tile sa;me to the Committee.
(2) M.oveld byv Mr. Ottley and seconded by
Mr Cuthlbert thai.Mr.Ligi and nMr.Fairwenther
draft a resolution recoiiinenillcig the Ibluilding of
a public institute to suhilchoil to ile Cicinittee
and bring forward at the public meeting.
(3) Moved by Mr. Culhlerlt aind secoCicded by
Mr. liennetithat Mr. Roudo and Mr. McDonaild
prepare a resolution to lie submitted to the Com-
mittee-litat a committee lie appointed by the
public meeting to draw iup a programme for
the celebration of the 6oth year of ler Mjesty's
reign on tie zoth of June next.


44 )

y i seconded cious Majesty, Queen Victoria, will best lIe co
() vly L ic meeting he held Incorated, in this Colony, liv the building,
b.r. t that the p establishment and maintenance, in Belize, of an
a It verside i' lfered t le use of the institute to he called The Victoria Institute,"
Mr. Rlo.9a'"lge erou..sly containing a Town-hall, Library, MIusum,
.tlal, frcc'Cf rost* offices, &c., and that tlle Belize District Ioard
The Chairloan wrte thie Ilisho of Eurea be requested to take the steps necessary for at-
lth Ch.ll il if Iltw trl, i rlillig them of ta inilg the above object.'
,l the 1ishrt ulol priopo'I"e at thle above cosn- The third resolution reads as follows:
thoe iit treoltio" 'ilee isihip of londhras and That this meeting appoint a Comlittee in
tnittee "' eetiin iJi. ckersie and C. Brown, conjunction with a Committee of the Belize Dis.
hetid of the several denolloiilnatlions, t.met hy in- trict Board, to draw up a progra'ime for the
vilals ol at tile Hhoe of the llishp of EIre. celebrations of the 6oth year .f lier MaIjesty's
vimtae 1p"ilwiog resolution was a,:iflted .1nd iina- reign, on tile 20th Jllune next.
Ili luslvi adopted ; ai1 it was further resolved The Committee aJiournied sine lie.
tl at at he lubilic meeting it should lie proposed -
hy the lislmo l Il lohdur and sll econded by the On Monday, the 22nd of February, a ;large and
By t oP lthorolily meetllng of the people of
Idishop of Eurea!: i. llzintll ni to consider how Ihey coill most. tllltngly
In considelratiilt of tihe ilf'inite mercy ,of ,el rittel, til slxlethl anniveri'sry ofI Iler Maijesty's
Almighty (i;ld ill I).reT.rvilg, for 6o vas r reign. OIl tile tlatftrlm. hIldesin itc ieiliers of Icom-
Alm ly ." llllnteli who lild alllh1d tioglh.rthe, phdttile ,,.llng.
(Grcioisu Queen, Victoria,.n' the tltre lf e I nilthe chlel hI ll lle I tlmget ,,i|ils, ithe i l, nl ,,metrtn
litrish limpi>ire, and reieminlhering the inml Ier- ( t li I)llt tl. ,llarltt1111 olll elrg yof im towin.
alile benefits which its subjects have received A rfw m1 nlutv lftelr 8 p.m. Ili Ks E'llencyv (olonel
during Much a long reigln-ioger thlan ltat of iDavid Wilson. C.M.U., arrived alnd was conilunted to
oy other EIglish Soverig-iin testim olo of o.t it I,;lln'lOl by ill to lC d it was
or gratitude for such a remaikablle favour, a1. tfling to 111m to 11ihve been neilt tIo preside over tihl
Tlhalkilgiviigi Service wil hbe held in aH tlle t11T mtilg tWbeai,,s all would it a lt ini.on oin thI lInitli
churches of tile C olonly; and it is resolved thai |ioill Inthat a ,'bcltratiol n silhontI l Ihm e itd and ItecaSIIs it
notices of these services hall- lie Iluly piublilshed Sh'nwtd the good fIeling wliiih exslted tittween tll,
and al l tli ly ti jects l cer ljI ; l le ~ lverntell n tIt I tIhe iI l ookhilng till'k on thie lilt
viletd lie prebUlt at tle. sa c, %till 6 ivite till lv r 'o' s re'l n thy mIh t wo, indt at dli
their tlank.sgivilng fir the tle> .iio of thle Victor- 'TIey cuiild no1111 lulltidln6n It 'r MI. jeltv'sprnldeIllt, und
ial Age, with their praver that ICr lmavy 'l in dealllg witl ih ll lplitl il lelistlius and fIll great
mlung lc spared ll ruil in tile. hearts ad o lver th. Illnlert hlirl Inik in all vnmlllse of her sulibje'.ts,. iwilst
idelsTni s, of hier devoid .1 il lol h i IIl'l'r t her diOliltil lift wilhether 11 wife or ilrmother was hel-
est iies 4 her devolel l.i1 l al slo bject. d all Ipral s. Ilhll ,l*pel wll till!)y would eterlrlinl
'The iev. ieutllenllen considered thal t tile 2wnd ili lt viold b lwilrthy io tlie greit QilenIr woe ll
Felhntrary wotuhl lie a day ttl them Ito 'erve. H1e re'joitid to find tile lrst riesoltlionl wII onle
alltnd a public ileetinll of tlailnkksgvitig to A itlIlt ylod Tl'.re lcoulld be no
I'll it "t'I 'Nll way to litbegin tiis i ehrlration.
'- I le I lli of lHondulras li proposing the Iirst re-
lTh1 Caoisuitit met Il I onil6 61i February silIllo'aiild lit wnls~qtllcl ur tllirat lhlir lThearlwould
at 3 p.l1 in lit. C. Metlhli, iln tle Chair. e 'le h the sentientof lthat reoltliln-thatlthy had
t-. I C a" h Char. to tankl Ud, for Iavlng preserved Our Gracious n-.
-linirmiatn coliinunllllcllit tl tlle ComIlittcll It le veretin during snlth a long nnd Ihenetnent reign. allow
resolution of thank sgiving which had bicei dlraft- <'old they Ibtter do this than Iby bowing down their
ed by the heads of thle tl uo-iinations iin Iclize. kn In hnublel tlhanksgiving fir sich Ir lneltY ilie
It wsvish"411 to ftWakV11 tiet rlntImloriep tIll to what tile
Il wauS, auni-ously lladoptd and the Chalir. wl6ti''s ri hd to ike th r miorie thr whlal thuy
tn114 was reliuested to acitllainlt tIleil with I;t Ivut ite Il.hei an aInvilaton.
fact mId to tlalnk thl't fir the msae. Tht"e tblic Ilit Iordshllli ilitn rinllee the great events of the
mer"in' was fixetl for tile 2.ond intlatnt n Sp.m. Ilenti!'s rregn; hIen sllotwed that sie hind Ibeen a
l'ie second resolution had been drafted by "L"ht'lU to her people. and Inlvl.ted 111 to attend at
iMtr. L tt in tl foHowter as discussion w a Jpt. (olt for hnvinag Seaerved her to reign over ts for 100
e I tile "otlowilig-tllicndtled form yenre
That i the opinion if this "il the i .t Th'e ltlhop of Eurnr seconded the resolution. At-
iThan t in, the opinion of this meetli'g tih 6th tr ltleaklng of p nsee, pIropert~v, liberty and
niall aivesanyo thie acceasion of 11er Most Gra- pow er enjoyed by thUe 8i ulillllon subjects of queen

*' *( -, )

V during hir reign.hlie s;id there was In sptlei;
h11oit'lL awhihet conicelrned lil ;~s 11a C Uholh J;ieiholp-
th, l-rligloiis lsnpi!at c liiAt>Illled In the lthe l. 1ih itinpire
since lInr i.alllng llu thl Ithronen. lieorelo. Cail lioltea
werie ly.vcolted, tl eilr lnsllttlllnto n l opposed and tlhv
were nIot adinllited to public ollhe s. But Iby the
re'roncillahilorvy pohiy ofI or gracliols Queen lthe iis-
tinilioin male bl)tlween el'ra'l ed c l(eg to disa:l-ppealr.
(t;illllliex land 'rinltestalnle werrn pllut ill tlill siiame
level. Slie wlas Iricndly with everylmndy. no lllatier Ito
whatL dnomin:ationlo they Ibelonged. Slie lheld friendly
einanniinntilioalns wlllh l tlle l'pe, received kindly hi-
Iaiirdinals. Arklllhislihoiipst and Jlitilltsop. lnnd. in a waral,
Irleid her IIest. I lairilni anollit rnlihg]ii piiaer. We
( aillil s of tritsilall Io ni lras canjot tie lict tli:n lit of
her policy In thIa ll(;i|)nllinlnt, of a ':tllolioic tCloniiila
Se'relary and '(iovwenor. Sir Alfred Moloney. :lad.
therefore h li ia :i spIll 1't easo5an fl*r i*sond(lln t Ind l
resollllon :Iln ia.kllng Inl h give tlavu lllr ki o (;
'lThis rellitun nild the o lihri' hroilghit forward lbv
thle csiiiitlll coe w(ere linanhlinliisly arrairial liy lith
nicetilllg In tho fiorllll alven aihovi. except that l nil d(;
was llxed for the s i .tair acelbranlin.
As we w ish tohl a lit' lAl'll, A Anll.lraI ii ilIheA i llli
lheil lhi y oof i liii llH .1th. whilst at lir e sII nie 1lii wesi
i ll'Ie I4' krl) oth 11 aonhl y s1nI1 t1a(11 ry of 1111' or0ll ln iI i-
(ill o lbservaiollons In itinta-t id li l tle old ftorui-in riair
to e'>tail)slish I hainli for 'ompaitlariana ftltre itionlllis h will
anllallr liont lilli hn lie piast-we litavt (la ii'reilnrld Inu
give llu full sintaa IllIry. alt l ntl illaer. 'lieu lobsi.rv;a-
lionsl tllerefore' for Flibruryi' will not appear till 'linr
theit lid of Mltirh. M aInwmtill we t iI;Iy say hni. llu lio
hisl dail, 25iith kFhrillry. only 0.18 inch of railn hlii
fa'illin against, nearly' illire' Inclies, lihu motiOhlly
l'avrni g. 1Pi'ni itle iti, aecolloint li tl i'hei r water. 'T'h
l ltti l'lrre l liit''lo r l it a bIe IIti above lilt .avi ra;gI
e'airtiny, In" untill to-at y. tltere hIa i nt i o iiffI
bret. liwing silnei>e tho 17th thi llly rtiin lhel'.K. r:.
ilin i etarhri n 1 we t p tilllil tie rltnfall ain ti
thie antan lln R ;ila ii', ('iiiCrozal, giving Ilia amntil
mllollil by mionlt line 7th .Inne, 1882. We now r(-
pinal thit slatejientt. confining ulrselves t(i tli yvearlyv
rainfall lnd eontillilnui It till the Ialid of IS111tl. Tlh'o
e'niiii qrl.son llwlen Ilhl rainfall n' lthat. (it lleliz.
Pli. no (llraitlvr iio t Ihose whio wonll d1evo lie in-
Palve'a to igrhlclltlllrt. am sho iawng whillt lIoIl ritinfall la to be txpeelted in thl North and in the
Central (llllzie) Dlstrict of the Colony.
Year. Inl'che. aInralo.
IW3 1. 7.7 7!I.3I.I
1u.4 M.S.37 %.I1
8!1l A1. 69t. 1 %I.i
47} 11l.14 JIM.1
18M .1 411.: 72.17
Itt .. 1. 70.71

11Avera ge 61.1 75r.32
189is .II..I 1 ^11. 111
I W3iir.. 16 75.04
1 8 1 4 3. .7 3 6i 8.7 .1
1 8 il1s 1. W 1 1 9 9.71 2
IS ) l.o' 73.4
'Average 63.15 79.32

-' -TA GOlRIA andl its surroiualiang
present ito all lovers if Nilirue on(l
.f the most picturesque linil.capeii.
al, lrilish Und,. *|,. ny
vtcala:lllt i'linlads p)ItOfticIiy scEatiltrtdli I .)tiaIc
Nlatuire along tlhe North-aI' Co:us,l ithe giant
iountiiaits of GIatll :i cilat raring allft their
craggy crests even ino iille cloud. lli. Ii' lii ng inist-
glathelring railine across tli Ke ly, disiap]l)a.'riia
softly into il ist l t perl(. cliv. thle t.lllrkl i :iia.
secillvredl hills of ITo'olel,. siImpini li>e ltinslive s in-
tohi ila lrtislic liackglillro in to ii r cira litil c i;liti-
le't resting ii 'it.le ly in tlie tlr ilp:icallislat s d its
hiuiilred' of coci int IreLe, ali rel .' stt'rirs w'll i ly
of tIle laitnte r's lirli.uh asi w.all i lle jait't pel n.
li3 t since I laml iiilli r.- in a itii'l iit r hi pi rt, at
th ll v ry oultsel, I must clt'-k nt' ri:iilinag )ln.
fOr freir that soimll imartial re: der allnal:' hiurl int
tile this Sparan'l dalrt-N- na'aifo' i/itt Irt*',llinhlal.
Science is mly I l suiesl inl ll l is thit)in sktch iis
stppostad to be a scientific aalicle.
it was th ill ItI l o lf Fvbllllrarv, 17i Ouir di.zl-
inl or(ll f -lwinhg its l);i l oln gllIv ecliptic
washi lamit to sink inlt tlhe WVestllc llhlrizi'ln. A
gori'geousl'. slian*t Ciltisd. very cl udllet to glow
llh go)ltii a nd pttl)lirpli thilli, I vlwichll dlcf tili
liilist's brlilI h ill reprilliticllioi. W\'.l ili h tlI hait
li;hs visited PI'a itla (Grda iilrl iias lnt hlieail I it
Mitllavo Key V A licahitiful llialu inilid, shaped
like ia alitsket ofa iila.iy griae'Li with its tw iloiihadls
resting oithe bhosoil fitha il velp.().liiavf(Maia)
K ey i. illatllt.svtl nuli.', (i 'i l l'rl iila i ita rtlra ill :i
N i'lh- 'nicterlv diirlction. tl is i 11 i con i toa niia-
riint r, in Mccai In lishrmnicai al a Ii vey sightl tou
tlie r of I~lniila (Gtrda. Oil the immiiorablella
0 fFbrlli'uai.ry, Mlohavo Key haliviegatill ano ffiii- It had r'prudliced itself; ad lile two is-
liinds stood lappiareiitly sidti tliv tide ltaitintg Ilil.11
tlil unrunclld surfiaceu f ii clafai sc:a ;an o,,Iijctl oif
wondlitlr ti tie luawild.reud iiiihaili iil.taa soflir low.
Some of u(ir citizen's, especially those grave
se it. wlIo hall ac(litired tlt wixlsdom of itll age
aind tIlhe exiurieincu of itilold adventuiire, bullt
whose scychighlt mIuaniwhiile lIad uinconsciotsliy
Ileconiii (lilli, thought thallt tile idea itof ta ew is-
laiid aRpriingia illg :t1 it wir Ily thle \ t nid of iima-
gitc % tIlioilry altollighll r iiald issila They
wvere l ilrfole noi-ctitt iii. that their silence
Wall coiipariiiIisiil their rputlltllioni for occlit
knowledge. Iid tlihey inol le forc iitrliprete t
correctly tile inyslurtuioull sigts of the.i iixalint'
hlld they not pretdictld suicc.esflily inihl, during
the raiiiy sasoli ll thile ch ;iilge of thie amooui?

( I"; )

etoheynotable t omil with satisfactioni phrc conditions were favorable for a Mirage
Wcrc they notd lte'o tole intricate mysteries o o tl 5th. 'Te two preceding day unustally
to their aodllne w as 8 this new pheno- cool were followed by a warm day on the 5th.
the Almnanc? Anl iore it and cast into ot- This sudden change of temperature must have
miioon t" "file the II the past? Therefore a caused different strata or currents of cool mid
.erion to h e resdierd and it-Was given dc. warmi air-cnditiois which are.essential for a
verdict ws ob nd with out the shadow of a lirige. Again the Mirage was so low as to he
dliber The vision was ino now Key; but it was mistaken for a man-of-war at sea. Tlie altitude
,obt. The vwsrof giiaicprpfttionsentering the of the refracted image depends greatly on the
harbour.olw'l'untP Gorda. The news spread altitude of tile sun, as the single of incident is
lire Wrldfire among our villagers, that Punta always equal to the angle of refraction. When
Glrda was leing ibourcd by the visitof a man- the sin culminates in tropical climes a Mirage
Go-war. The faithful costable at his post at becomes impossible. What then is a Mirage?
once n"iled to the Mhagistrate to announce the It is nothing else but an optical illusion or ap-
glad tiding of a msan-o-war entering the harbor pearance of some image arising Irom ain n-
and to inquire of his superior ofliccr what pre- equal refraction of the solar rays in the lower
parations should bh made for a becrlning re- strata of our atmosphere.
caption of so honoured a guest. Our good We are living at the bottom of an ocean of
.Doctor smiled as he recglgized at once the air which diminishes in density as it becomes
phenomenon. Hle consequently amiinouceid that remote from our planet. As we asc.cnd, the air
it was nothing but a Mirage and there was no becomes irore rariilld until finally it mihgles
preparation needed. The news quickly spread with the ether of space. The lther of space
through thle hamllle, that tile Seeur were once however permniatus the atinosl-phre and pene-
nimr correct. T'lhe Magistrate had conitiied rates even to the center of the earth. Ge-
thlir wime decision, I was really" The MirIge" nerally speakIng, the more rarilied the air the
in her Majesty's service entering the harbor. culur it becomes, : but it happens some times that
hicanwhile the Punta orlda telescope with I the lower strata of air are cooler than the upper
terrcstial rye-piece was taking the angle of paral- strata. A pencil of light nuder such conditions
lax between the real and the fictitious island. instead of ascending obliquely, may travel a
Thai angle was fund to Ile 7 degrees alnd 5 short distance horiiontally and by refraction be
minutes from center to center. The two islalds bent towards the earth, reaching it at a distant
were very distinct in the telescope, only tlhe re- point. An observer at that point may perceive
fracted image was inverted and its apex nearly (distant objects elevated in the sky. Such a sight
4 degrees above the sea Ievel. The telescope is called a 'Mirage. TheI Mirage of February
also sthownd plainly what the naked eye could 5th as seen in uinta Gorda, though falling
not discern,.a second, image no longer inverted; under the same mathematical laws as described
but upright "i position aind situated North-West above, was still of a different species. The re-
of tie real isltmnd. The second refraction was fracted mirage appeared very neat the generat-
mewhat fainter, but higher in altitude. The ing object and was double-one a negative and
the r islarls onotd an obtuse-angled triangle the other a positive. The explainaton of this
U obtuse angle being at the real island and double phemnoenuon wit give us ample subject-
a ruater than I oo degrees. We had then a matter for another article in The Angelus."
real ir:,, not-l her ilMajesty's service; but
Saccoring to the optical laws wiich the King of C. ~. CuiAnorPIN, S.J.,
ki"ghas imprinted upon nature. The atmus- Punta Gorda, February, 17th, tSY9.

( 47 )


Manatee, Northern Lagoon
Gales Point
. Sittee
Serpon .
San Pedro, Sarstoon
Punts Gorda
San Antonio
Punta Ycacos
Hoomn .
lernudian Landing
Crooked Tree
Northern River
Cay Corker
San Pedro, Ambergis Cy .
Stauni Creek
Seine Bight
Monkey River
44 44

Tobacco Cay
Mullins River

Corozal .
11 .

Sartene a
Orange Walk
t* .4
San Estchan
Wesley Boys
Catholic Boys
Diocesan Boys
St. Mary's
Mrs. Cato



. Baptist.
. Church of England
I. 1C II
. Wesleyan

. Baptist.
SChurch of England


S Inspeaion
. Wesleyan

. Wesleyan
. Baptist .

. Baptist, .InwJcU

. Wesleyan
. Catholic

. Catholic
. Wesleyan
. Catholic

. WeVleynn
SChurch of Englan
. Church of Engla
. Catholic
. Wesleyan

. Catholic
SChurch of England
* Catholic

. Catholic
. Church of England

. Baptist .


SChurch of England

. March. 2
II w 3
. 9

S" 23

SA 30
* April *
* .* -
4 .8

" s2

* 7


.4 29
S. July .
S *" 1* 2
S,6, 7

: 2

lo 27
:d, lnpectio 28
nd s 30
S August 5
S" .6

. September. 8, 29
It .30
SOctober s

.20, 31
S .22, 25
S" .26



. December

S8, 9, 10
S11' Ill
t. 6, ia
18, 19
2* 29 23

S29, 30
S6, 7,

( 48 )

CA IC CLUB lrise was made by the gentlemen to do all they
THE OANGE WALK CAcan to have their desires carried out. Since the
ti le Club has been going on first rate under the.
T is now 3or 4 yea ince this towC blic ecouragemuent of the President, Seinor Rodrigo
I Club wh tarted en lers i"re ,god Gonzales, who has succeeded in securing the
t o nuher ald of good .will, the club following members:
over sh.ed mu ch vitality for the want of a R.Gonzales .Godoy V.Escalante
lneitbler roo"'d mpropu apparatus for the en- I.'Perrera F.Gonzales J.Avuso
suitable rooand'pr*oper a'po,"* .thankGok E.Abila J.Hayltick N.Ruamirez
i rtainment of its members. Nw, thR.Liria A.Herrera .Ramsire
that we have our beautiful.ald spaciounew S.Alpuche D.llerrern 13.loquin
church, e Club has just wiat it needed, a room,. A.Itaeza l.Kevli, M.Zelay .
(th old church) which has animated the mem- L.leytia H. Marchand B1.Rodle
(rs to provide thle necessary furniture and suit- A.leytia C. .Marchand M.Mcljilar
hbeiers f to Clu..prove te M.lievtia L.J.Marchand L.Castllo
alile items fr the Clu.... J.Cervaites A.Medina G.Cervantes
On the i5th Decemerlast at 7 lp.i,, the cliib lI.)omiinguez li.Mldina P.Briscflo
roomU was fornually re-opiened with:a Gardnr T.Perdoio G.Ayiso
Party ndl a Billiard tournuanent. The room N.Fabro J.M.Sosa S.ledina
has Ieon beautifully decorated and suitably E.Fabro A.Escalante
furnuishcd with a Bi'lliard table, a Library, marble We hope that time will only give .trength and
Etaml, Press, 4 Mahiogany tables, and Chairs. life to this useful and moral institution.
Several games have been introduced which will On the 31st January in one of the ordinary
always be there for the amusement of the meetings of the Club, Fr. Pienmnte spoke to
members. them about the great miovet ent in the English
Father Piemonte inaugurated the Club before world for the celebration of the Queen's Gollen
about 40 inemlicrs and their famiilies. It was Jubilee. Knowing its importance, all felt that
certainly a great pleasure for hin tio have suc. something must be done.
..ceeded i. carrying out the idea so long desired Mr GR.Gnzalc proposed to erect a wharf and
by all. Every one ku ws how dull a country shed, in memory of Her Gracious Majesty the
town like this must lie, especially oi lung even- Queen. Mr. T. Escalainte seconded the pro-
ings, when no amusement is It to found but in pousal, which was unanimously. agreed to by all
noisy retail liquor shops, certainly not very suit- the imenibers with enthusiasm. A Committee
able for young people and geintleien of the town. was appointed to see to the carrying out of the
Thlitr interest in the club has hen clearly shown proposal. --
y their generosity in cmtrihltiti for the said iFatlher r'ienmomt writes from Orange Walk:
fittine- p, amnounigto $3co, besidesthe Ladies My last visit to Richmond Hill, Guinen Grass
GCrden Partly given fre 'by thlell in benefit of and August Pine Ridge, has been of great con-
the Cmli, iils, 'h ch produced $6o.0o net. solution to me. In the last mentioned place, I
the Ladies although highly pleased to see left established a school, where a little Spanish
their huarlanld an.d sim so welt served, having will be taught and the Catechisi. Already 38
a place f er ltealwe and huonst lamunsment, yet children came and gave their names. Miss
"t yeliltt jealoy a s l declared to them, that Toniasa Trujillo de Lein, though a poor lady,
tat iser they Covente to have their own club, is teaching gratis. The great usefulness of these
tht is tle the sisters for their dear schools cat twe uiderstnod, by ,olbserving that at
rtceivedwithels,.e ve. ue requ.elt was Guliule Grass, 24 clnildren, sunder the direction
SIueflcher amiwprval. Ko a pro. lf l-t'lret.tito tDminiiguez and his father Andres

49 )

liominu z, iii less lhii 9 months are now, not peo',ple living on the New liiver atim tle River
only able to say tile cunon llprayers, lbut are lihondo, Ilnder tile dliectioll of tlhe ilialyf;lignal,
well advanced in the Catechism, so much so that Ir. LParili.
I fet ihouiid inl duty to go and spend there a Th'entl the Resildence ,of 'lltail Gordal w.a ie-
Si'iitiy iand give the First CommuInioln to o0 of opened l ial it mtr decenti church built, nudei
thellm, who are well acquainted with all the n.- thie charge of Father CGinonm, who had been with-
cessary learning in the Catechism. At Rich- drawn to niSannl, Creek; tile high iitar of Corozal
miond Hill I had' the pleasure of leaving anoiliher church formed of mahogaiqy was made; whilst
mich school, established under thle charge of, they began to collect the most precio.uswoods of
lMiss IPeronila Cardenes. the Cmionyy to miake an altar flr the I lizuc church.
I intended to go this week to visit the I lndoI, li tie May of this l.year wis cb l li rtl Ilhri h-
hut as the roads are in such a dreadful state, I out tile Mission, thle idi.ary jnlil e proclai.iiell
hall to return. The school here increases daily, every 25 years, which i'ope P'ius IX lirst pal-
to-dlayv we have 9. present. Nothing new nlhout lishle il Rl mec in 1871, anil which was pihni.clai-
San l.I 'tain. I thiik I have been long Fllough ed dluring- the year folli ll, ig throiighiut lit
for this tim ile al I hop e to 'eid more next minth. thollic world. (reat was llte religions move-
Ienllilt aillmion tile pei)ple d iri.iin this monh11 i, veiy
.... ... ---t ollu e confessions and alimiiolant fruit.

HISTORICAL SKETCH OF THE ,I corozal a formal mission wlas preached.
'here I'cwas v wasa inil prIoc.siion urotuid the
CATHOLIC MISSION IN BRITISH HONDURAS. Church every morning, during which the Rosary
-o-- f the Illesscl Virgin. was ilecited. ,Srnimoi, were
CIIA"TI' VIK prroched twice it da', ,dring MaNI at ain. aml
at the llitlit prayi)br. There was 1an uiiiusually
187.1. As soon as Rev. FIthllr t'iitr hml large ittendlhncie, tiod nearly all the pIople lain.
kIiitk chlioig of the Miioii, aifer having vii.itll ed the Jubilee. Whrii tie was .ivvt
all itI huoltes aidl churchesI, heing now well ac- Fr. l)ilietr fell so srioulv ill, tha t it senile
iilndiitvil with tle lnelds of its peoples, and ex- tht le hil arrived at the ,ist extremity, lit by
pecia'ly with their extremely poor state, he wrote the divi ie mercy hie slowly revcverdtl, until hi
tit the S mlli.eriolr in Enlllnd almd showed them the I wll able to resume his ,iisal work.
sore straits inl which tle Fathers were anti theny o t e
inc.d of funds to settle the Mission onil more n 7.ew Fathers, Fr.} y Gilhi yeai Fr. Jse
s i)oldl lbis. Tile Superiors were very glenrouslcw Fat, Fr. lly 't l r. JI, h
vr 9 inallwoodl. mlle hirst was appoihtmtedt to lalke
ill acceililla to his demlHllds. 1lThey bCegIn y Sim llwood. The I irt w yp. p oillio t it. take
Iu plilhg hliii i with the alls which the) had received charge Of llim school in Coroal..i, the st.,il re-
for poor missions, which they ipplietl to that of iled 11c ii company i t w Su-
British IHondurIas. iperior. For mlinily yLaurs, there had been the
wis to put oin a better footing ltie parochial
1875. With thisinloneyvthe iewSuperiorfroni school at Corozal, which for want il ali ellicienti
the begitllling was enabled to raise a church alilI master hadl aide very little progress. As sooi
a housli at Orilnge Walk. Thus the imorllern ais Father Ilenry.ltc k chgli'e of it, lie joiiid to-
Mission was divided( into two, leaving the people getller in onle llle ltwo lile schools o(f buoys lnd
of the coast ii charge of the Residence of Corozal girls, which existed it that tinie, anid tie school
whilst another Residenice wia established on the began to make progress. If hbefre his cumiiiig,
New R iver at jOrange Wallk, (the hend of the thle Wesleyall s 11ion a'ccouiIt f havi( g i coiimllpeentl
I)elaliniienl,) tu which were iggregiated all the tleclter, liad heeli our rival ill securlilln the it-

(. 0 )

'. children St their school,
.tel~""cc Of Calholic children t *'"icl"'"1-
htenl sance of thm, lost their Faith, the pre-
rcr re.nd the activity of Father elcnry succeed-
j..Sice and the a ack to their own school,.
ad so sainng the Catholic youth of Coroal
fiais asdanger which might have been fatal to
thlcir religiOn.
In June Fr. Dil'ietro, who had remained very
weak after his serious sickness, left by special
permission of Father Geinerat for Panamnt, nod
the Resilcnce was entrusted to Fr. Henry, who
in cpmipany with Fr. Rouilloi., was its Superior
ufr several years. At this period the five Resi-
dences were thus established:l
Fathers Pittar, lavasltr and Smallwood in
Bdeize, Fathers Henry Gillet and llonillo in
Corozal, Fr. Parisi in Orange Walk, Fr. rilndlisi
hIStatn Creek and Fr. Gemno inll 'uta Gulrda.

He did much good amongst them. In almost all
their settlements he succeeded in having chapels
raised. Many were the confessions heard and
many also were the communions, baptislms and
marriages administered by him.
One .*f the memorable'events of the Mission
wsi the coming of the English Provincial, Father
Jame sJones, in September of this year. le had
been sent by the Propaganda to Jamaica on an
especial mission, to arrange a very delicate
question. Fr. Jeckel, who since 1S73 had been
established in Jamaica, had, on account of his
ficklc-mitledness, apostatised from the Society,
and remained in the Island, to the great scandal
of all the Catholics.
After having arranged the question with Fr.
Jeckel and given him his lawful dismitsion,
Fr. Jones, in company with Brother Richard
Quinn, left for British Honduras in the Steamship,

1877. In this year cauie the Rev. Manucl which visited the Colony every month. He ar-
Llnidi, a Spaniard. After having fought in the rived on the toth of September and with him,
ranks of the Carlists in Spain and directed one besides Brother Quinn, there was Mrs.Anne Cato,
of those guerrilla hands, which gave so much who were intended to be teachers in the Catholic
trouble to the Alfonsists, lie withdrew from mill- schools. The presence of the Provincial, who
tary life, and was sent on one of the West uIdian had now for the first time come to visit the
Missions by the Cardinal Ienitentiary, as a pen- Mission, was a great consolation to the Fathers.
ance which he voluntarily accepted for having l11 was received with all ceremony and visited
taken iup aurs, an act unlecomhing a Catholic by the chief gentlemen of the Colony, who ar-
priest, lie arrived on the 9th of January, and ranged a pleasure-party for him to the neighbour-
was appointed by Fr. Iitlar to legin a Residence ing island, of St. George's Cay. Fr. Jones ap-
among tle Indians of the 01 River and. to fix pointed Brother Richard Quinn schoolmaster at
his ldwl4ling-place at the Cayn, r.r linvastro i t Coruzal and named hiMr. Catoi mistress of the
was to have gone will him, as mne who knew the girls in lBelize. After passing seven days il
district well, but U(Jo wt.ho i.l already received Belize anid informing himself of the uceds of the
Many sacrifices from this I atlher in his visits to Mission, he left in the same steamer to return to
the River, willed to mon give him his reward Jamaica and thence to Europe, promising soon
ai.d after a mouth of dysentery, on the 17th of to send other Fathers.
February, lhe was called to his eternal reward. True to his word, he sent in November Father
For ten years this Father Inhoured in our Mis- Pozzl and Father Domingo Chiarello, Italians,
sion chitely for the bcnr-fi of the pour and of the who were to be employed for work among the.
whians. Iti prufowrul Iumility idml meekness, Indians of the North and West; and obtained
learnt in the devotion to the Sacred Ileart, woe from Fathtr General that Fr. DiPietro should
he affcetios of thle .tl"dins of the River lelize, return Irom Panama to again take charge of the
w.h came t evry year tu fetch MIi, for his anlmtl Missiu in place tl Fr. Pitutr, whose health lhd
vi a to ti, %.iver, wlich lasted over two tniotlihs. quite hiukc# down.

( 51 )

1878. On1 the I olh of January, the new Vicar
Apostolic, Very Reverend Fr; Thomas Porter I
paid his first visit to Belize. Hie remained a
month in the Mission, visiting the different Rle-
sidences and admiiiiisterinig the Sacrament of
Confirmation. When he saw that the health of LA PROPAGACIN DE LA FE.
Fr. Pittar wits so shattered, without waiting forA FE
the arrival of the new Superior, he took hin.with
him on his return to Jamaica, leaving Father NA dte la] mias gra.;des y sublimlnes
Smallwood provisionally in charge. in tiltcitones dte este siglo, es .la aii-
Father DiPietro was returning from a I'asto- cinlci6oi conoclda con el non.bre de
.fas visitation of the Bishop of IPaama, wlhu, Prll.pagacii6n dle In fI. El celo de hls anostolea
he had accompanied as Secretary, when he re- vive y vivirad iet|pre el In Iglesia y por eno Ir
ceived Father general'ss order to return to Ilelize. nmndo ve tldavf;i y Iilts que innia, colim en
Agreeably tuo the disposition of his Superior, he los ficinpos apoustolicos iiillrestde misionermc ,
left for Jannica, where he ipet Father Pittar ique I:evados en ilas de la canriuld van i legio-
who hads just arrived with V. Rev. Fr. Porter, ies lej;nais y desconocidhis; al Africa, A la India
and alter a few days of rest left again for Belize. A In Occania, a las Moiiullas RIca.s.; i A hacer
arriving there on April loth, 1878. A few days brillar hi lin. de la fI el cl seno de las iats es-
after his arrival, Father Snallwood left for De- pesas tinilhlas y conmunicar A pueilos Iirbaros
inarara and tihe Mission remained in the charge los benefici-.s de ia civilizacion criltianii. iDade
of the new Superior. el principio de lit lglesia se ha.n heche siemipre
The Mission had made considerable progress colectas para auxiliar a la iiglesias Iplbres y
during the Superiorship of Fr. Pittar. His pre- para costeua Ins gastuo dtie lo.r nishioneros qua
sence and that of other English Fathers dispelled Ir"" evangeliztdo al ihundol, y en este sentido
the stupid idea, which some of our Colonists it isoctcnciO de la i I'ropagacion de la (f ian exis-
held, thattherewtre no English Catholic Fathers, tido siermpre; pn)r li olrganizaciSn quc tilene
and that only the Spanish were Catholics; whence ahora, y que 1n 11i hlhecho capaz tic ns unas
there wasa custom of calling the Catholic Church grtandes emnpresas, es sil .ddai una gluoia de
the Spanish Church. Furthermore the coming nuestro siglo.

of the first Catholic Colonial Secretary, the lion.
Henry Fowler, helped on the Mission. For,
being a practical and fervent Catholic, he was
placed at the head of all their undertakings, and
by his good example and edifying words, gave
a great impulse to the progress of Catholicity in
in the Missinn.


Suodo cnrisiano plueie )pertenecer a caits asUo
ciaci6n, y paru cllu lilstla qu( contribuya col
cinco centavos cala nme y cln unli corta ora-
ci6it cada dia iarn anlranr Ins ellndiciones de
Dies sobre na obra. El poder tie esta asocia-
ci6n ha sido inmenso. Cs.iiio est nul al chance de
todus y como oblige cusi' i nada, delde so fun-
duci6n hasta nhorn ha visto nunicetarse cada dia
el nomero de los asccialdos y con Ins peque-
ias donscions dtie estos, se han sostenido 6
nyudado en gran part Ins grandlios.a obras
de los misioncros apost6licos de today lins par-
tes del mtundo.
Los miniioneros ncresiltan rcuntsirae en graii t
niere paur Obrar tie concierlo y con nisyor .ilou

( 62 )

en cl r"tiis, n bistros, libros, rosariis.i, i nisi anuo nno l odtio s luenos que aplaudir csan
necedllss catcSqui, "nUs y orrameItos para la eiituliasmo la idea de nuestro Dignisinho 6
iedall*a, va tie lIs dlvios milterios; ilecesitil Ilnstrisimro l'relado de itlvitar, comilu l hn he-
calcrcii toolpis ire.shiterins, escucl~ nsa, s de clho ltililameln t, A ica Catilicos do itn difcrell-
il itarlteni ja Les y h i |r(ns y i (an y hospila- tes district de la nisi16n, a acar l d su pulbrcuz
,les parate clrn tiil. Necc 'sall pirclpllrnrseL' lO Ine puIed)(i para contribuir Ino solo conl >llS
par sIt a1 'Slt' sniisterli coat larglos aios>l de cs- orlacalnes, comno io Ihan heclio sielinpre, sino
padiora e. 'ooAios ue cU'stal mnicho fiHidar y tamnlie.l conl su dinero a las graitlcs oliras, (lue
( Te do esttly much mas se ha lleclhi se i calho por ha Asociaci6a de la P'upoa-
CoIn peqlcaI lirinv.sia (1 ld s ausociadols A Ia gachin de la f.
Propi5llriacl de t fre. Ahi I QHu hermoso es el Nuestru Proludo, que c0noci desde sus print.
ceadlro qul ie presFn~ta a liChletr ilaingillacit)n ciplis esta inin11, ell lia cual lha lenidu )ari'g. a-
cua.du conliideralimus A millarest de sacelrdt iio s de gloriuso apostoltudo, sabu hiu1i qtiu In
qtle drjan la paLrii pari or at Africa, i l Clina, lPropagi ci6l de lia f6 aldilieInt6 y sustluv cus
al Japon, A Il Oceania Ai evagll.lelizar i los l- sr ll laslsllOs a lo' prilerus padres que viliero
tiles, y i millarcs lde virg eic a cri.tian, s qul des A8 fulndarla, y qui tierpia madre rio cu.ios
ipules d haler reiucinU ) l &it ualtian ).Ilrcidos t.odhlavia de dril" lIlmuestrais do su amor maternal,
i l) o liolcauist, Se st.:iarn 1111ihi)nll d la cvianda do cuando oe co iil adl sil hijos oe
famiilia y dt ha tiillin para ir i regiaelis tIlio- Ilritih flUnIdurs prcios a l dlidias. A.i (que
l.a, naaucluiai voces A p|>ldsin hIdArlartis A sufrir Ioft itviltl tn 8olo A al aCto de clriddl Msito quie
por JesUtrito y. por i:l conlvrtiolln dle las alas pirece recourdalrlisi unlt dcler dle gratiud.
tnla clIae tle penallidc'ide y trarllIj ijos y nili a
derr;alar MIu naigre en tratr de Ia (6 v de ha c(a- L Hl te to lo l;* tll Vicnal
lilad!'1 Qa i i nlm-;ie a m'lcllellitnll re tie illicles Ill dluldo i:al" s 1;1 gr'lalldes prI.uetias de gncersi.i-
llautizald.. pur los iln.iours' iislridai y kind. iilll pre1 s( e t ha padid o ia gi A S cclu
so.stlontlels pr p los mislals ais 1 I ftI! i( ue !nu|il- Ipr I' glorila le )Dio y in salnvaci6II die hIs alsainas.
;liltd ild hIerejs y pecadlures calverctidos y (qt4e 'Ml"estras ti" estl sll" i I l"l's gratlisimos gastas he-
gloriml, ejircito die .l* l ichas div.lis it s t c;ll- chlo. ell Itliize, altulta ti (lorl eln esta poh laciinil
dlal ha ll.raeal al cidel iY qI l gloarian y q(i11 de Corozal v ultimamelltU on Ora.nlga Walk,
dlicha el parlicipr dcl elirill ti e tiou graideaol I"' Pari l'evat'ttr 6 trepairar loai mlagnilicoh tomplllis
lbrat p nlb linaI t Si, tlias ilo, Isaciadal a I que formanlt c'i rallz. ii l glalria y l julstoi .ru-
ira l de ia l'ra>|aoachmi de Il 1 l )larticinpal e .lc Ci e i os Cs"t61lici s tl1 e Ia ciudlldcit Pur lat
evla. llsh havnlli, Ille eil ld e j lusici se I- "i m"". nol'll d n:, qu Ilnllle ltdosl los Clallicus dIel
vnl wlirr laillIIX jitola d El, e I a5iitiel e.stalliasn Vicarlliato ls lillialrll dle coliisuco l caranli, de
1Iltnda i el In hi tnlra dr hi, wiscile, los que s" A"l'uIst" re(ldo, asprosurAindose A alislarse
t.Ia i ladnllar I t hart. lela l t h tivrris imas cIauto lanis 'l el el jdtrcito de hlo soldados
ihI"lpilf.tal.ari, II0n lo,, I.q civilian A Il la i6, ulnic doe us nu)mbres A los die inu-
la51toa0 hlaithro) tna qle hacen qlue ia Aagust1a mi"rable" s fl ie que en todas las naciones so
Vkticns drIlcailvart sti.t imtm"ladla hasta el los gloriiaa de prterneccr a la sociedid tie li liro-
t al lt u "lls li ial, ,ls clt*lialacaes y l1stl eln PIgacl6 Ie In 16. Lu quc hayque dar es tIn
as ls lja, S. Lutas oaslall i.,ni.nlalcs pI"O que no tcha ultIh la pesuollna que por
l .pi"vtcileccu; porgi 't w e liqul haicci onl fllta dou 'rclul s no paiedanl gatar las gracias,
mtllr e I)tli ypoltr si glut, lul guerrros butdicioiaes e inuinliab!lc iidullgiencias de que
' e'liatril ;iri adls can to uracilMeni lAo. a i- plrltcipla los slciols.
Sicinida y cuSwt.lo us I i, lionau. s I. P rN U. usC nToR.

( 65 )

OUR hundred years ago Vasco da
OnGiln,, tlie greatest of Portlngese
S inavigators, set sail flno Lisrloon oil
a voyage of discovery, which in, th
history of modern civilization is second only in
importance to the achicvementc of Columihis. It
is live years since the discovery of America was
celebralcd with enthusiasm, and Columbus was
eulogised as one of the great lights and lIune-
factors of the human race. Hardly a less iim-
porlant service was rendered to mankind by thle
opctnilng up of the East Indies to European
comnierce. Yet the name of Da Gaina is but
litll known outside his own country, and the
fourth centenary of his great expedition will
pass by almost unnoticed outside Portugal.
In many respects Vasco resembled his famous
con mlvnporary, but he lacked the halo of virtue,
the blaieless life and the noble motives, which
animated Columbus and made him great even
in his misfortunes. The star of Columbus set
in gloom iand poverty. Da Gama died at Cochin
in 1525 in the midst of his triumphs in success-
fully establishing the Portuguese rule in Ildia.
Ioth men met the same difficulties from the
ignorant superstition of the sailors who accom-
panied them, and both overcame them by their
thorough knowledge of their craft, their confi-
deuce in themselves and their indomitable reso-
lution and perseverance.
The following incident, which happened dur-
ing da Gama's stormy voyage of four months to
the Cape of Good Hope, reads like a chapter
taken from Columbus' first voyage across the
Vasco da Gama the intrepid mariner, who
had left the port of Lisbon 8th July, 1497 on a
voyage of discovery across unknown seas to the
Indies, found himself already for more than a
week becalmed on the wide Atlantic beneath the
burning suni of an Afrkian sunmller. lis fleet

consisted of four vessels manned hy 16o men,
and the finestt of these, the Saiint Gabriel,"
was the admiral's own ship. le IImre with llims
despatches and Icttrs of credence froin his
Sovereign. King Maliuel thle Fortunate,. to all
the eastern poilctates lie was likely to visit.
One morning after having taken his latitude
and found his position still uncha:ined, about
30 leagues from the coai.t andI nearly 70 from
the equatorial line, the anxious capitaii was
casting his eyes now over lthe horizon now over
the slips, whose sails hung lengthwise down the
liiats, aind on board of which all seemed moltion-
less and lifeless. The sailors, sovercomie by the
intense heat and the wealilless of iaictionl, were
lying about utterly ldis.eartened. Vasco alone
stood on the deck, looking at the sky, whose
cloudless vault seemed tw ihave Ino lilit.
Suddenly lie tremllled. There in Ithe far off
distance'appleared a light and scarcely percepti-
ble vapour, which might lie comiparedi to the
fumes of a lighted ceiscr. It was but a little
thing; but that slight haze int the air was enough
to mark the comiilg ere long of the looked fur
breeze. A lllhogh sure if the fact, the conm-
mander of the expedition refrained frell giving
the good news to ihs ollicers, fearing the denmo.
ralising effect of the rejoicing, which would
seem ridiculous, it perchance it should halilleni
that lie had been deceived. Vabco enacted with
all the iorel prudence, because, since they had
entered the tropics, lie had noticed amollng the
crew something unusual, sollme asymptlioils of
One particular too surprised the famous cap- Since they had bien biecalmed, when ill-
patience and ill-hinluour among the crew would
have been in a way not blameworthy, it had
notably decreased. Oil the day of which we are
speaking lie found out unexpectedly the secret
of the hidden fervent in which his nmen wi re.
One of the sailors who did not kinow that lie
was being overheard, was at that nomenct end-
ing a conversation with oile of his comIraldes,
which must ha Iive beiui rxtaltirly lluniilllld, to

r_------ ------ ----- ------- ------ -- -----~--~!

( 54 )

u the lt words which were spoken in a mlen. As soon as they were gathered before
judge by the vloit we. him, he spoke to theaw a sympathetic
high tone of that the ind is sacrificing you all tone of voice.
to his ayourtin ; an that you are a pack of im.- Sailors, my sons, you have all followed me up
tociles to let yionarves he i' mped upon. to this, of your own accord and even with en-
Vbci o shuddered. Th' n it was true, that thlisiasmn; you whom I wish to lead to glory, to
amolg the sailors there was one who was fment- conquests, to triumph, why do you show these
ang mu"tiny There were men among them, so signsof discontentt anld insubordination? Is there
forgetful of the respect due to a captain on any one among you who has sonic complaint to
board his hbu t. that..they dared to wrong him by make? I ought to be severe, but my heart im-
a play upon his name.' For, without doubt, pels me to speak with you as a father. You are
wh e they spoke ol the kind they referred to him, my fellow-labourers in the wrk which we have
since gama in I'ortugucse means the fneale of entered on for the glory of Portugal. Our coon-
gamu, the stag. try has its eyes fixed or us. Come, explain to
The seditious sailor )paied il Ieide his captain me what it is. I listen to you and I am ready
without seeing aid, consequently. without sus- to ie just, as I have ever been. I wait your
pecting that he had been litened to and recog- answer.
nised. The man was called Baltha rr. Ilaimlcss Many of the sailors hung down their heads
in his behaviour and in his work as a saihir, he with evident signs of repenting of their conduct.
had never incurred punishment and was kt,ked Others iir'ectud their uneasy and questioning
up to with some esteem, though there was little looks to Iakthasar. In short, he was appealed to
general sympathy, on account of his thankless and forced to answer in the name of all. i He de-
and hypocritical looks. dared that his comrades would always obey their.
Vasco, now forewarned' of his danger, had to chief, as long as there was question of sailing in
watch carefully and check tie pending mutiny. the hemnisphlre where they were, but that they
liut what must he do to gain his end ? T'Ihe com- would not pass the Equator.
wander was wont to think well before acting. -* Ah! and for what reason?" quietly asked
For the present lie restrained his anger, and re- Vasco.
covered his usual impernurability, so far as to ap- -"'Ve have no desire to become black," cx-
pear before the crew unnmoved, waiting for claimed all with a klid voice. "We know that
Providence to point out the lit moment to act. after passing the line, we shall turn black. Let us
The day passed by without any special inci- go back... Let us go back. We wish to return
dent, and without change in the weather. The to Eur-oc?"
barometer alone marked a slight falling, which -" Who has told you that? answered the
helped to trenghtheni thie hopes of Vasco in a commander very much disturbed. Balti)asar, I
spc1ly change. In the evening when tihe sun suppose."
had gone down to give way to night and tile Y.... yes.... the same.
short twilight a wwh ic nih 1nhh -Yvs.... yes.... the same.
sert wiligt which followed had likewise dis- -Well, and you believe that on passing the
ppeare, a weeze light as a iepliyr sprung up. 'Equator we shall all turn black, including myself?
orkiner were at once iven to put the ship in -" Bah! said Balthasar. "It is just that,
aorkingv wa: bit then he 'aw that there was that we are in ignorance of. Who knows if you
Oey. Faces grew dtrke menl antd refusal to do not possess some secret charm not to change
beutiy was bgrew daki A insnte e anti the colour, whilst we".....
"er he had euing:. out.. Vascu stayed the Vasco, after an effort to control himself, thus
rders he had give,,, and called together all the spoke to them:--Bakhasar is right. I do possess.

( 5,5i ) .

a secret not to grow black even under the hottest to keep white under the equator. 'I promised
sun. To-morrow I will disclose it to you; and, also, to let you be the arbitrators of the
from this forth, I ask of you absolute submission course of the squadron. I am going to fulfil my
to my orders I give you in exchange my word ot promise. Approach and look."
honour that, after these 24 hours have passed, I With a rapid movement he raised the edge of
I will leave it to you to choose whether you will the carpet, showed the floor pierced with holes,
:continue your voyage to the Indies or return to and beneath it the magazine stored with the re-
Lishon. Scatter yourselves, each to his own post, serve of powder. Balthazar and his companions
obedience to your officers. turned to the commander for an explanation, but
No one dared to resist the peremptory order, were terror-stricken by his look. Drawn up to
Vasco followed by the mate entered his cabin. his full height, they saw his hands armed with
Turning to him he said: "Up with all sails pistols, directed towards the black-looking hole.
and forward. Make as much way as you can. Have you seen ? Do you understand ? he
All is left to your charge; give your orders with exclaimed in a thundering voice. "Liars, imn
firmness ; I must not be seen except in case the posters, if you don't let the boats continue on the
crew refuse to obey you." course whither they are directed ; if one of you-
The officer charged with his missioli went on if one only-shows the slightest sign of disobed-
deck. Night had now closed in. The breeze ionce. I will make the Saint Gabriel leap
was blowing and filling the sails. The "Saint without further warning or explanation."
Gabriel," setting an example to the rest of the A frightened cry arose from his hearers. Some
spuadron, ledl the way onward. As to the inun: seized with terror, strove to fly; others with hal-
reduced somewhat to submission by the words of thasar at their head, wece about to fling them-
their chief, they were half inclined to obey, half selves upon the man who had dared to defy them.
inclined to mutiny. -" Touch me niot, or I fire." said Vasco quite
During the night an almost tempestuous wind calmly on seeing the movement "f the sailors.
drove on the ships with unwonted force. The Then he added in an impressive voice: *
"Saint Gabriel" cleaved the waves like a sea-bird. -Not another word. To your posts all, or the
Vasco seemed to be well pleased. On the other ship flies into the air in a thousand pieces.
hand the sailors began to be alarmed. Those
who unfeignedly dreaded the neighbourhood of Mastered by Vasco da Ga m's courage, the
.the equator, calculated that in this way they l wt ew, lever had se o he thaly
would not be long in reaching it The n were again around the captain's cabin, who from
passed by in the nidst of a general excitement. w in pr d the murm in which wa
At last, at 5 o'clock in the morning, it was with- ing ei, the p recursor of a great
possible to keep disorder down any longer, and
Vasco was informed of it. At the half hour the cabin door was thrown
"Very well," he said, "send me the leaders and open and Da Gama stood before the sailors.
let all who wish come with them." -"I promised you," he said, "to disclose my
Naturally, the whole crew came in a body and secret and I don't wish to keep you longer waiting.
filled his cabin. The captain was at his table, on It is now five minutes since we crossed thcEquator,
which lay geographical charts, mathematical and neither you nor I have turned black. See
instruments and arms. theabsurdities to which ignorance leadsand let the
"Come, Balthasar; come, all of you," he gravefaultintowhich, thankstoit,youhavefallen,
said, bidding the discontented ones enter. I serve as an example to you in the future. I par-
have promised to reveal to you my secret of how don you all, the fault this time, except Balthasar,

( 56. )

h will his il the who will Gtabric" until w, have returned tour tihe lowly ialit of a miissionary for all the mitres
M( y.*S that Ile may learn not to speculate on the in thle Portuguese monarchy. His, toils and su(.
ignorntar and creduhlitv f fhis co,'anions. ferings for the salvation of infidels were astonish.
A intce ring hIurrah, the answer with which in,. fly his patience he triumphed over the
the 'sailors.Trrtesd.l thCil-aptail's' wrdS- resound- malice amd calmuniesa of his enemies who en.
ed thri' gi tle air, whilst tile ship kq)t on its vied him hi' exlralordli'tary reputation. Robert
'rapid coursein search of the virgin lands of, the Southey, though lln lextreminelyv bigoltel Irotest.
pi nt. ant, in his Ilistory 4of Brazil says th:lt Fithler
.. .. ......--.-.----- --- -- yieyra "niust ever hold it place, among illi
VENI~IHAIllA. FATlIER ANTONY greatest writers and statements of his country."
S1) VIEYRHA.. His icouontryiten Inave happily resolved to
S-_. -.----- .- honour themselves byi honourinig the miensory of
WuVI.sT lisiaking al>to.t the centenary celebra- one who was at once a saint, a man of sleep
liolnts of this year we niay r emindt our readers culture and breadth of visionl, and al ardent
tiht July iSth next is the second cetlenary of patriot.
the death f t'adre Antonio Viryr; of te .Societv A preliminary meeting has already been held
of Jesus f;naed fl r his exlraorditnatlr lalrs nllld at the Lisbon Geograiphical Society and an is-
holiness of life. HIlrn at lishoi i ins I6( :ual ady- nluential Committee formed to organize i celc-
ing at llahia, Brazil, in lf7 i7, Iis long life of bration in Iis hoiooutr which shall e at once
nearly 90 years was devoted to ile service of re- simple and national. Father Vityra is almost
ligion and of hisi cniry, whether :a imnusini ry, an unknown name iin Englannd; and it would
oliplomatist or writer. lle possesses many titles therefore be a hitting Illioimnge to the memory of
ti famie. lle was perhaps the nosteliqueltioi andl this great man that hiss life and works should he
isowerful preacher that has been numherted made known to Engliish readers.
=111oltg the solns of 'St. Ignntiu s, and his ertenons -- -- -- -.... -
mnndletters are mtllelisofilPortlugueseprosle, while BI-CENTENAIRY OF DUI'LEIX.
ie deserves the grateful recgniitioll of posterity,
if only fur this that lie toiled fr the s)irituia aild Tn III' is yet another centenary, which it is pro-
mniimprai welfare of the indiuias and Negroes of posed to celebrate this year. Whilst P'ortugal
MIazil like a second Las Casas. SI effectually will honour her Vasco da Gama and Anitoi)i
lid hle expose the shuses of the Portuguese In. Vicyri', and Germany ~nd Switzerland will keep
=luisrtion that PIope Clelent X suspended it Afr sonue religious feast for Cnnisius, it has been
six years. proposed that Fralnc shlolild not forget the
Furom his youthf he bound hinmself by vow to Mciomd centenary of the birth ol Dupleix, who
=--leote himielf merely tto te conversion of the tried though unsuccessfully to found a French
-avages of lrazil, and, in order that lie might Empire in the East Insdies.
Cegin his apostolic work more quickly, he re- Ilrn in 56)7 at Lauidrecies in Fiance he went
maunced tile study of letters. Ordered by his to the East Indies, andl in 170o was appointed to
muperinrs to h apply himself to the sciences, he a seat hi the Council alt Pondicherry, the central
ale such p)rOprogress that his prodigious learning station of the French. At that time there were
-vas soon noised abroad. The.friend of kings British, French, Dutc:h asd P'ortuguese settle-
"nd the cout"'ellor of stiateimeii he rejected all merits scattered throughout the peninsula of
ohe hollnrs of the world anl told his admiring Ilindostan. In i741 Dupleix was named
vereigin, when he entreated him to accept a governor.gencral of (the French .Indies. He

( 57 )

-. .---- ------'- -- --
formed the gigantic schlinme of conquering all MIstai-Feretti, arrived after lie had bven
India, and set himself resolutely with the aid of already elected andi h.l taken his title as
the native princes to uproot the British Settle- lily i.
Happily there are at present no disqitieltig
ments in that country. folding MIadras, which feelings with regard to the health of tile Holy
had been captured from the English, he soon Father, and the prediction as to his' future
overran the whole Carnatic, and for a time his allows him at leat another year to serve and
energy andl military genius was crowned with illumine the church with the light of heavenly
success; but theitide of conquest was turned by wisdom.
Clive, who in the greatrhattle of Plassey, one of CIIONICIE
the decisive battles of the world, utterly routed
Surajaii Dowlah, Viceroy of llengal, gained for OF THE .SACRED IHEART.
Britain the immense province of Bengal and put
all end to all hope of French ascendancy in .Ifl ,
Prince lHnri of Orleans in a letter to tihe -
Goiloii, advocating the commemoration of the ;"
birth of )upleix speaks in high praise of the
policy pursued by England in dealing with her .
colonies-plicing able rulers over tlieni, giving
full liberty to the colonists and seeking their THY KIiNODOM COMS.
benefit and not iaone that of the mother-countiry.
The intention proliosed to the Asscialcs of
On zoth Fehruary, it96, Pope Leo XIll be- the Apostl'ehlip of Prayer during Marlc is the
g:n the twentieth yer of his reign. Before le celebration of the
was cleted, it was foretold by a certain I'adre Tercentenary of Blessed Peter Canisius.
Felipe that Cardinal P'ecci would he chosen '
'ope, that he would do great things for thee was al ate t kee
Church of God and he would reign tweuty N iSS3 there was all l acnitv tl.e ftorlh cC
years. All these prognostications have inow tenaryofhirh u th hNov.
becii fulfilled in the event of the presenlt Pope's iG'.] i tctnry If thel ir I Ith,.unther, 0oth1 Nov.
n filled in the event of the present ope's 148 but grat ridicule was thrown
life, and he has merited the title accredited to I43, but grt riliue wa
this Sovereign Pontiff many years ago of on the authors or the mnovcnllit by the publica-
L Mmeaen in celo. His advanced age, 87 coin- tion of the writings of that art lihrctic, in which
plated March 2, and the many (happily un- he cunfesses his own iniquities and gives us his
founded) rumors of his extreme weakness have own character and is condemned by his own
set people thinking who is to he his probable
successor, the ifnirs ardmle, burning fires, and testimony.
what Imeans will be taken to secure a free elec- We are filled with wonder and awe at the harni
tlioi. wlich was done to thle Churth by Luther. \Vhat
Formerly the chief Catholic powers (Austria, inust we think if the miaqwho, was lhe principal
France Ind Spain), had the privilege each of isr t G in chcking,in its own father.
objecting to some one Cardinal. It could be instrument of Gud in che i n hi
exercised by the particular power once only eb- land, the torrent of Protestant rebellion? hlis
fore the election was made. The veto no longer was the great work of Blessed Peter Canisius.
exists, and the Cardinals are determined to al- St. Ignatius and the Jesuits are said to have been
low of no interference whatever in the future in raised up to oppose Protetantism, t, repair
the Papal election. The veto was to have been the harm cne it and to compesae fr
exercised in the Conclave which elected Pius by it an to c umpensate for
IX, but Cardinal Gay.ruck, who bore the man- that harm by the glorification of tie Chturh all
.date of Austria to use it against Cardinnl over the world. Blessed Peter Canisius was the

-.ho. 1d-r St Ignats,,,x h at t he1 Peter Canisus. We must pray that the devotiton
Cncral, heJit r th forfr;ot of the battle to this servant of Jesus mla/ grow more aind more,
bead ofthe fore-frout of til battl
hcad f the esY l I"l'it of Germany itself. He so as to bring about his canonizali o and the cx-
h eries. 41011 tl te a, th
ure bacs e ii title of Protestantism which tension of his feast to the whole Church.
turned back the tie ,lal, Austlria alid O JIesuso, trough the innaLoulatoe heart of lMary, I
St ov n Iol a offer Tho all thoe prsyra, works. and sinfferings no
hrestenc G "iy like an inu)latioln an it h this day. for all he Ontlntlons of Thy divillelleart. In
western Gcpa nde lilis w h imused to it. union wllt thie Holy Sacrillco of tie class. In repara-
This as the bginisg of w t it was call the tnno of ail sins. andi'for all rerqmlsts presented through
never at was the Apostleshlli of Prayer; in Iarlihl'r, for the
Great Catitdic reaclitlo. Canisius deserves to be celebration of I.ho tercentenary of Blessed Petcr
rent Cathl c part of Europe cusolsis. Amen.
named as the saviour of a grearta of EurtpC LCanilus. Anen.
froum hIresy.
liere was bl at Ni l in lamd, Miay La -intencion general dcl Apostolado te la Ora-
Sih, i15, the Year ilS which St. Ignatils was cio, durante cl ices de Marzo eas in celclra-
wounded at Paipeltuna and the year too in which cion del
Luther publicly threw off his :allegiance to the Centenario del Beato Pedro Canisio.
Catholic Chuircel in the Diet of Wirnts. ie was IIA sido mania propiti de este siglo el celebrar
received into the S, Kicty of Jesus by Ilessedl llter los centeliarios de los homnbres que se i hn dis-
Favrc on 811t May, 1543 and shortly after lhe tinguiilo por sus vicious, ldsmoiralizaci6n tie coi-
two years novitiate he was ordain'il priest. His lmnbres y el oiio encarnizadto ai 1 Iglesin tIe
public career may be said to have, then begun at Jesucristo. Luthero, Calvino, Zuinglii, Jorge
once; for he was a prodigy orf Itarunig, zcil anild runo y otros co'rifcos te li recforila imipii, tie-
labour. It would bh iiplssihibe in thle short nen liuros conlquistados solhre tsta part, y soi
space t aiforlded to these inllthly iltenltions, tot ctscittua lhinh sido colocadas sohre el pledeslallle si
give cuvc the briefest sketch ofl his many under- imtpiledan en medilio tie Ins in;s poplulosas cildn-
takings. Hlonours were showecreri up.ii him, but tl des l vicio y nievo mundtlo. Arte nimligna
lie shluincd tlluim all. He was tofl'frel lte bisllip- del espiritu de Lucifer y sus nlinduls par; cim-
ric of Vienna and the Cardniilt's hat, but hIe baucar i los ignorilntes, y dt coraz6n corrmi)lli-
firily refused to accept such dignities. Jourin y- do, con el brillo tde la falsa libertlad.
ings, comullissions of, every kind, the fiulning of Los que pcrtenecencos al grupo tie los que
College, Iprachiiig at Cmuicils, conferences with siguen i Cristo Jesus y su doctrine, dchemros
princes and will herltics, the writing of books,, pelepr contra ese maligno espiritu con las nis-
work of all sorts hle cuibracel with open arms. rnss a as as y tomar esfuerzo y valor en las mis-
So he laboured .on till within the last few u,,nths mnas barriecada d6 el niismo so coloca para ha-
of lile. Iledied at thle College of Friburg in cerns la guerra, y defenderios de sus aeechan-
Switzerland oni the 2tst lDr.Wembr, 1597 at the zas, Alardos y sactas, pars que no sc burle dl
age of 76. Shortly before he expired, fixing his nosotros y nos ele en cara alquel grito del i'm-
eys on a statue of the ilcsse Virgii Mary heuex- pio L"idoude ebtli vurstro Dios?" Ocasidn opor-
claim witk a sweet smile to, his lips: Look at tuna nos ofrece cl present afio te 1897, i los
hle look at her; Ave Maria, Ave Maria." Hei que somos in valiguardli del ejercit6 de Dios;
was latifld iby Pope Pius IX on the 2nd Aug. cant es, i los socius del Apostolado de la ora-
t"167 ad hri feast was appo'intel to be klpt oun ci6a. El at de Dlicienbre vamuls i celebrar el
the 27th April in all churcihs of the Society of Celtenarioldel IBeto Pedro Caiisio de la Com-
JeTousa in the dhceses of Utr:cht and I.asaiinu. paftla de Jesus, gran varon de Dios por In mul-
SThru dvgout. Germany and Swit*erland there titud y iesplendor de sos virtudes, astro de pri-
i gret. dti n, ainmn1g Catholics to Blessed mucta mitgnitud entre hl sablos del triglo dies y

( 5 .

siei. (lice Io :nisio Ibrilll el li f; enti i' i za del]
cnlteisino A los pohrcs igniorantel como eln cl
Csplaiinr Ills doclrillas teologiclls y dogilanticas
ell los concili's, citedrais dcl Espiritu Snito, y ell
I;is tilIus dondi u si instruye A Ili jiven tudh. l'Fo-
giin vel;altor de leii htlilllus contra' c protestain-
tisino qn leI valit cl tiillrei de llitillo dei ill
hierejia." Grai defensor y propagndor dle li
iiiiclllilaild Coinceplcini dei Mlilia; y de uni culo
herIico y admiral l tile ptrat ecsender propag ir Ili
niayor gloria d(I Dios y sallvaci6it dc Ills nitiits,
quei merccii qtite in Iglesin univeirsail, yi quc is
humildaid profuiltnd le hi.o rciuiinciar lii nitra
de Viena y el hirete aiirdenailcio, iidornase sot
cieito con cl' isbllire d:e ''Apos(ll Iel Alennilni."
Ful Ieatificaido por lc Piapa io IX cl 2 de A.
iosto dc 1dS6.4, y s dlevocici6 se extentdi rapidly;
nientle por Ale aniin, S.iiza y en todus labs Igle-
tbils d Si imtctros cnelnligrs, pules, hncen esflucrzol
slprelmos para irrlocitr 1i Iglesia dt Jceucristi
y hlisfenmair tie sits Salltos, nosotros dl herlliOs
roigr, unidos y collnpactols por iicdio dcil Apos-
Itladro de Il Ornci6ns, parnt defeneicr aiquellios y
enillzai.ilr i 'stos. Roguemos, ptes, al divine
Coralzon lie Jesus ts dign; extender cadl dlii
ins 3iy iliis il i dCvici6ni iI llcielO Pedro Canisio;
y, si csta es su divinil voluntIad, I I vcanllus cal-
tlonizado y su cilto extendido en todla It Igle-
sia universal.
01i .rslls min! por niedlo dolCoraxion Inlltiaculldo
de M:rlia Sntihinitn,o ofreci:ze Ini. oracionels, obiras
trahaljo d(l pre stte din, plra 'reparlr ilie
w ofl Ihlcen. y puan Ins deltlti inlnleillsn de vnuestr (
llgraido CoriTon. y3 pirtlellltariinle parn tlqe pron-
St nilllld tri claraldon IBleto Al Vnerble redro

ins virttuics dcl I'midreu iii r c.nriiiii pirrj:is
clon so vthisimll ilistlracii'mn y s:iiiluria, v i dlr
spelurnr, pindloiiticiit.e pcnlsti'do, iie l)i i. Ia-.
rller t)lnlinhdo cVtas hli as 1n1a 111 thod n eiil -
plcnd l cel cil scrvicio dll li iil v tic Il v l.rlad.
plri' glorille c tiriisto v lhoni;r (Itde liL):paiia.
I'lln pi.ric eln l 'lhadre Fl;un iriuo deI sis.n.ds
i.sclliiecildos hij.,s. uinI, I cl sonl ciliiiillni:IllIs. rt.
ligisos, hi)onr de l In Iligiili, lile por msuyou
Ics curli a l tic 1:1 pill lril (|ic Ich i niitrt.
l .;i l fi r;ilf cl I'iPdrfe 'l;aira io>. pinec lta-
ceirb.' illn inu il cuantli n .s, porque cs ir;tblnj,
(itei rcl|iieret liclijpo.


IiHE rcltiiis jjust iMcdil for the Arch-
a(litC. CI tiei, iartlit" it welI
ilth y I"t 4llihii, ll piliih*lit d ii tlhe
Cilltholic press of thei isl.;lll we should
licitate to accept thllei. Thle ulltoucl ce of the
following brief table. ciiopariiin Ithe resilli of
Ig96 with the Ipreceding year, 1i95, is so .strlik
ing uas to need nIo comilltcnt:

Childll n o1 Ciilhi" 10 pailretli ,:lt I1.11
n in- thi ill tlli iirti .13
liat.llhis' fi ;M
AiIullt PI'rol.itanit rieilved I lkI
** heiitrlirenli itized i. 711 t1.1
As.olliishllg ils these figures lire, those rclat-
iiig to whalt.we inmay cill the inner divvclopllllnt
of tile Church are,,perhips, mlore consoling:
18ftl. I!H>.
.Mrrliiges .. .... 311> I.i2t
(onfeil'sslio s .. .. 6.3,2i 212.274
Iloly UComuiinio .t i 3 2323M.ii
Coun'nirmtions 3. 7372

Canislo. Ais sea. Who could believe that these statistics re-
erredd to the .sniae dliocese in Iwo hscce.sive
EL PADRE FAURA. yenrs? Somne facls are worth iotitiii. Wliill

('lnronll l profndn penll hio leido la noticia ilcl the gails of meibshcsiip, as indicated in tie
fallecimiehtlo dli ilustre I'adre Fturn, de in fournler inb)l, liiqualled 7,900, tlie llnumber ,of
Compfiiif die Jesus, director del Observntorin deaths was only 3,954, leaviiig a Ilnt gain of
de Manila. LIt finna tie s suiber lenilhal el 3.946 souls. Again, for a toll Catholic )popi-
milndo, y el duelo por si muerte scri general lationl of I178,9' (i ncludlig children), the
entre todosi Ii anmntile de i ciencia. Il'obre i nnh r o Cannions s a 3, lewi
holltnnaie que lons honibrms Avidos de siber y 1 b tc""* r o fe CI..mIIli.oI lltwll 232- sing"
gradecdo i iqutien hIs lecletrnialldo In m I that but vV few ct have nugluctmdl their
oscirals rtiosilnes rilitdeln lilnt i tutlbal I Pero EIlltr dutien, nid that maniRiy unitt be treltliulet





( ... *). --- .--
S)- .. .. a feigned ctechumlneltlnate or col-.

lnt.ilaot As tlh nstumhcr (f Extrcm emducaiol by (cane, its a irle,. the greatest and
Uctios alinislered 4.. as against 383 in version, become, .I enemies of ChrItilnity ever
the prcdlitji yetar), Wis io. exess of the num- most powerful eCatlolics are adnilttle to ,ou
te rof adclS d'ea"tls (3,47), we my coInclde flilr. No.n-Catlhhc are not .ought after, a1 i r
thbet of if y died without receiving the rites schools, but they arced upoll themn"

f IIly Church, We wonder, wh, whether, In iy ligion is nrot fI red FAMINE IN INI)A.
part of tie Vworl, thl Clhurtc is increasing in ... 11., t
I boundi ais hi the fair I 111. TH FA
ch leap b s 1i te fair islaltu f l FAiid Kinlom i s Ibout I11n celeoratei
hit!he inpllredIIted diiration of our
Ceylht. Wl ilatth Unlt l i.all, a period ninarkldl lby progre.
eyik l n at the ,ittentioitil yetlrn's, aunlit with ill tiawi a ;i. a It joll llhelm
*luok uag"oi hlei ItI.n l'l lillO6 1 hr M.iajestv
will he srec' that the 'Chrch is well to the l're. sive prosllritly and ir Is this a solitary Inltanln. I rlilg
,o eles ila a 6 c thillrc altuc.ed last year, is I" llh.tlg til Nt l, o Ipeople have perished fron re.
aornli" t"o g.t iiVermllllt rettnris. thie Cathlolic her reign millions of le Qun's accession llnarly one til
Ele. t ro ut r,'Ho>ls ; of thluse 0.o305 were uurrenti fillasilnes in 1 of ftmln inn North-Wieitlern India.
Eln the year In I i x 11101oithsol f Will many thousands
Catholic children, On the other hall, nut of hlin telroini ied ofti t n n18 i llt nil and Orlies were
tozo7 children atteodilg Wesleyan schools, lurin tIhe tirst pix "ilmore nwtil vintatlion, by which it
1997 r ied o itllrr want, I1t not lesslthan ta million were.swprlt
Only 3,5 o were WetleyaI chiklru. W vls*id y I ill InO~rt ne the stullliellndoi series oif the
iquete tile f.ll.wing from he leading, Catholic was estimated tilat nol, at tilh Io tintl of I.ilidreadful fi-
organ, The 'Ceylfon (iltholic A/lsetle. Slpeak-. "I In tIi lnle mtlllto and a thal. Thi e nicx l.tihlte
rla ili- ){ )in tana tl r a!a l i i 1874; llit. tllioi Ih nearly 10t
of the grait-it-anid schools in -the Colhony, it mitlne itlunlerel a tilli.itad tinhrebyi. thlrolll the energyy
gives these ligIres froU n the )irector-G(uIneral's lutrred hi eitt B nt of S1ir rilllhard 'rm lile it dea l-
millionsiiie n lOS' t'he Peoulgre, very few died frills,
Report.: and so'"nd jidgmiint oin 187 ,nllte Itheu 'rrat amino In
Scllhol. Chillidrn, lig ril1un'ltly with tlh ilnl Mvlyeo,;e; but., < ttspill the lilti
AnKlicans .l. 31t ... 21.i'25 actual litusr. 1 tIle vlrlivnlel to eop t wli t,
WestVey an W .... 19,297 lail a and !. te Iertied to fiiin or diseases
ell.erg' i ,n,,((Orltll till 1**Tle .lhIv figures worked imllt give tihe fail- nilint ulliv w. I ly liliet la tine ii tile present year
l..wi l, srlnki1ng rerllht: "s ,ri iVt anrv g, oeil fio loe. 41t 1i at o lio llt%- .l'rviolls Ialtine.
g stkig resl I li ain l' it'ledL yi nyes llieW lol e our Inditn lot-
intg ofI tl.l, chthliren hi .'al ihltte i lrobaldy greater Ill" 'mijah toiln flt- tias H ae w li ar nd ll-
hiils itl Arip lllN,.il L. I lriat I l S ll..y involves I the east. from tile south to t1111e1
'erramntga o An-ttlan reilg l tlh hti Anglican litilhll. front tihe P ljih a.s. Under Slhe old conditions5
lorklts. i.n ........ g... I.... ... tti ,tor Ihlt thidli rottlly In its overwelihnlig
-'"rul ,ia Of..l i Wriy I h;n At.eIi lea L-.lot o ,rtIvnce ,,.whiclh thile wirl hIohlds record.
in .... 13 il" vistiallon wtllt l'iVevlerCt. in a mitch betterlpi-
"In this aalciatin ll Anglian l orror Overtop anV l Oius l1 ii thani tt y ev er were before.
n l lv es I'lhe goverinicllt, lnsweieliit lies In t le exleostoo of the
Ig)n" children hate been credited to their own t ln ti deaf Ivith Ifandll, ow has l li illes lit opera-
lt, although it h, well kwn th n, T h. c uiiprosi iemt il.ll, to eirry lood to ite dls-
'bo thllm l >h ict ls| well k. re. he I lli* a ri c gain, plthlie works will afford to
lvf thLem ... ettaeti" i~cwt. "*- I"'"- i. .. Hi. si.olth t it ls P"'L1"eaIns of earnilg unougi to pre-
crenlge' s- .f y el nh tw l f ahel l.u.iil rl"ad, ols ivt. wAgaltrte living ll ne lll goveralt an
m, er .ctnully tha th e garr .I "" l' Iin tl d i t lelr r yotl to heir ttrdnrarv lLo, t
nvlitai whle Iv t Isrve lifetti the ei1ce l l, hdilinitto re aIzse iow vast n
i title iort.5C li n iSchoon li liee agrielslturm tIstr 11 slts-vatiuon; for to ilany of
rmUL *ill' I- nci n. .Is -- "llTeiLl l o bet. I" ,. o d listress ll id e lnllt l r eliee who
Cahoi .,a,,,,re lt danger of during nls ,,a loen:n ll0 ,Ioa .re ,eo 1tuT Ita that
Pes Iw Slti.- IN) .u e- r f its t lSite wo e Only be mas owing to progress ruade

beata toy ImeatiytzOf the schotj eialtsoittl, ewtony but till, when governments and
snk. tiert, wh t" til rarely| iprllte Yenelleen4 o havyeb than spare these patient, In-
hyapocri ile w tt ur. U luU shoals o will lawe done no motre 1p d people the last extremity
they have purch:wed all oftriuS and Uall *.


4th month

I)Hys of
Mti. and



(Oll..If lih Illew ed Saernmnil. Mt. u11gh, lip. (1142).
First Frilly.--Mo.n i I'rn din IIhld. ,Aiht. [(181).
Oili eof Ihli Ilillantilate Cloncepition. St. enedlol thle Moor

Passion Sunday. Eplst. Ilcb. Ix. 11-15; Gosp. John viii. 44-69.
St. Vincent Ferrer (O.P.,1419). .
B. .1illana. V. (Corp. Christi, 1258).
St. [Iidore. lip. 1). (13')).
Frrla. t. Waller. A.. (109).
S1veni Dolors II.V..--t. Maury of Egypt, Penltent, (21). Ablt.
Ferla. St. Mehtlilde, V. Ab. (O.S.B. 1300).

Pain Suniiiday.-l'ist. Philii. -11; Goup. Miat. xxi. 1-0; Pas-
sioln. Mtt.. xxvi and xxvll.
Yerin.-St. Z.nlI, ip). M., (a1I).
Ferli.--t. Ilerillnolld, 101. (8il).
Foria.-S-.. .usltin Marlyr (167'. AhM.
Maindy Thuraday. AnI.
flood i'lTrliy. lAbs.
Holy Saturday. Abst.

Easter SandBy.--Epist. 1 Cor. v. 7-4; Gosp. Mark. xvi 1-7.
Easter Monday.-St. Expedite. M. (IX. oen.)
Easter ''ueslday.-St. Agnesof Atonte ulchiiano, V. (0.S.D.Il I).
Of Ihe Octave.-II. IHugllno O .A., 1 ti)).
Of the Octllve.-. Mother and Calus, I''.. MM. (170-293).
Of the O tave.-St. Georfge. M. (1'Ptron of England, 303H).
01 the Octave.-St. Fldell of ligmarlngen, M. (1622).--St.
Willrid, lip., (709).

lst after Ea-ler.-Low Sunday.-EplAt. I John v. 4-10; Onop.
John xx. 19-31. [(8:4-20).
Our Lady of Good Connsel.--S. Cletus and Marncllin, I'P.MM.
B. Peter Canisius (S.... 1597).-St. Turihlus, lp., (Peru, 1501).
St. Paul of the Cross. F. (Pisionists, 1776).
St. Peter Martyr (O.P., '32).
St. Catharine of Seonna, V. (.8.D., 1880).




I rlesa Mni au
irM r II. ;s

1 (i I 1

411- 0 154
it 17

412 I 14 I
ill j. Ill

4l Ir 18 ;

4 9 198 1
41t iu lI i
47 41 18 11

4H0 217
3941 21,

Abbrevtatlon-Ahb.Abbot, Ap.Apostle, Bp.nlihnp. C.Confrsror D.Doctor, Ev.Evangellst, E.EIni
F.Founder, K.King, M.Martyr, P.Pope,.Q.Queen, V.Virgln. W.Wldow.
0 New Moon, 3 First Quarter, Full Moon, [ last Quarter.

2I '.

( 62 )


Maon6thly Note" Page 62 Con,stitution of Pope Leo XIII, on the
Molony Notes 62 Prohibition of Books. Page 73
Colony Notws 66 Chronicle of the Sacred Heart 67
Fisoreignl t of the Catholic Episcopal Visitation 78
-Historical Sketch of the Catisholic S So
church in British Ilonduras 68 Monthly Observations.. So


'l l It. HOUGll it wants still more than two
on..iti or 0 ,parVIe.. I months to the day for celebrating
Every morning, 6o'elock, Maasandshortlnstrutlion. Ilur Mnjesty's Dminnod Jubilee, pco-
lght.o'elck. R oary, Serao. Betiedieon. t actively preparing for that
Everynight, 7 o'clock, Rosary, Sermon, Bnedlctlon event throughout the vast Empire over which
Itunday. April 4th. at 7 o'clock Ilsas. Paschal Corn-
Rundsio. losing Sermon and Papa Benediction she rules. Philanthropic men in the United
at7 p.m. Kingdom are making gifts of large suims of
April 5th. f*h, .ih, Triduunm for the Boys In the money to the various bena.voleut institutions
Morning--asn nd Instruction. at 6.3. throughout the country, chiefly in the way of
Afternon-tSernion aid Benedict.ion at3. aiding the Hospitals, which from aIion'os causes
Frtiayv. April Sth--as.chal Communion at the 7 have become unable to meet the incretsingc.lls
clockk Mass. upon their charity. Side by side with this local
---- charity is going on the stlbscription to the Indian
RIIt 0, XRCIS RSoo WEK. Famine Fund to relieve bodily misery far worse
PAOIRi and more extensive than any the United King-
WI' oi. 8n'y. Aprl II. IRdesn ofl Pna at 8 doln can see. And the main spring it all this
o'ielock. Poereion around the ehuren. Solemn Uligh
Iranc smPo* 'Iea. In heeveninlat,. beginningnf outpouring of benevolence is the desire to
She Trldun, In Imar lton or tie agnea Eas.ter honour the Quee- in the way she herself wishes.
IoI.s T:lla3niA, or Mi.AiND TI u a ontifalo. We il our stall Colony of hardly 34,000
i l -.3p0tr during whcl, thielinty Oil. will .souls are going in what *vay we het cali to
hiia allr ,d lt' the BUi!hol. After Mans procesrlon to conmencmorate the jubilce of our esteemed and
atr ofelu'. 'lite Adoralon of the Illesrd
r a "ll IW onlll thIong ut the da sc-. beloved Sovereign. We shall do it first, inl the
eh rhu o the I which will he sput bp near the worthiest manner, by thanking God, the giver
t, "pe.rmon and the Mlianderere. nebrao, Span of all good gifts, for prolonging Her Majesty's
a'n1'oAr. Mnaothe t're"anetfled ato'clock life beyond that of any former English Sover-
Atl. In .. rn g, on The seven Vordsl eign. As Hishop Di Pietro pointed out we
M lure t s I_ ils, "ag termononthesorrow. Catholics have an especial reason for gratitude
e'1s4 laldy, stsbst Mater.
UOLh^St he maorlnln in the cessation of hostility 'against our Church
et d b. t y in the. ,ol. .te rdblaplg alnd institutions in the Colony-a friendly spirit
1.flr Candle .b I waterand due n tothe
"' Sexar ee l Mnan. d % Pwttt.i heralConmm nton at o'clock Ihas shown in her dealings with the Pope, with
Hi *s a Cardinats and Bishops and with Catholics in a

( 63 )

private station of life. In the Cathedral every those pour striving peasants. in India, the
thing will lie made as grand as call e on the Queen'h subjects like ourselves, who are in
day itself, which forttinately falls iot Sunday. dailger of perishing from faniniie ailnl dieasc.
Do what.we iloy however we cannot lal the r The chollections taken p i in tlhe Catholic
(quiet spirit of gratitude towards Eniglan's ruler Catlledial on Sunday Aprd 4t will lie devoted
iin a Convent of lilns, where every y ay since to this object.
Il 'r Mal:jesty came to the throne the Sisters have
chantdll tile DIomie isaill fac regime itrt Hi I .li Lordship lshop i Pietro is still inalkilng
I'irltriilfi. The practice began in this way. The lii Ipasloral visitation in lite south of the Colony
leneictitine nuns of Montargis camel over to according to the pla given in the March Angiie.
Eingl.ail duringA the. French Revolution, anil ill his, and he will return ti llelizu on lFriilday,
griattinilee for the hospitality afforded tlhei byh April 9. Oin his return the lishop will give iu
the fI ilisl G(ovelrni.'iiltll they ail pll lheccustlo ln an "cconil of lii work fur soiulh which we hope
of daily singing thli alitipllin for the- ruling Ito p blali iill our' next issue.
sovercigll of niilanld, a practice which they have 'lT bll ission of which we ,spoke in our last
kcpt up tu tlie present day. liiuitier was very well ittellndlil ly the ladlies at
thie Cathedral andi tlhe girls at the Convent. In
it a meletine of the Queinll' Jubilee Conli- spite of sollm fever alld sicklis, l'r. Milateo
mittee together with the ilelliers of the Belize ,Antillilch continuell bravely on tllrouglihot, not
Disirict Ioard certain resolulilons were proitsel olitting or shortening a siig le serimoi or in-
ainl carried with regard to the lmaniner of cele- struction. The lMissioner was pleased with the
hratiiig the day or days. The Thanksgiving- regularity with whlch tile ldics attended the
service aind the Town-Ilnll were already agreed l Misionl, hilt disapplOinted at the small nulher
oil ait the public meeting held on zaiid Feullr iay who showed up for their Pl'aschal Conmll union
al Iiversidle lall.- It was considered that o i March. The truth is that many of then
Sunday, Tuesday andl Wtednesday, (June 20, wish to Imake tht Cominiion on their usual
2L, 23) would be the fittest days; next the Town llay, laulndy Trhurslay. With the fervourrhhown
is to he decorated with arches, floral wreaths by inily of the girls in making their Tiiduuni
alld other devices; then there is to be a dinner he was thoroughly satisfied.
for the poor in the poorllhoue, together with Flther C. M. Charroppin Iclegan on Sunday
those in the receipt of out-door relief; there is the Mission for menl anil provided they will
to le a processioni of all the school children who attllrnd well we feel sure that their lives will be
may be in Bllixe at the time to Governmenllt bettered. HLowver we do not wish to pruphley.
touse, together with some ralilcatilon i as i th h we await with coillintice of a good
reniembralnce of the day ; lastly there is to lie result the end of this week, which we h.,pI to
a procession of the various Friendly Societies. 111,nywill bring a true spiritual-rcforltalion.
To carry out the programlnlle as foreshadowed O
in this meeting will need money. Some part Corozal. On Tuesday, -3rlcl F lruary, the
n ths nel wiy. pt ppil, of the Curozlod Catholic School gave all
will come from general revenue and some from enlterlaieno teo rte l eiieral public in order to
the Town funds, but private contributions will help to pay for reparitl the icrhoolroolm. The
also be needed to make the occasion worthy of result was satisfactory in the money point of
itself. view antd the auldinice showed by their voci-
Showee ferous -cheering alnd encores that they appre.
Whilst however we may not forget our home cited the performnancC put before them. TIhe
celebration our charity will be more signllly children acquitted I4licmselves very creditably
shown by our helping according to our means anil the exactnesl with which tie little ones weat

( 64.)

ied thle careful and At August Pine Ridge he heard that 50 p* r inl which they had been Indians had killed a and woman fur prac.
painsta.king ,"."aiteers. They were assisted tising Oheah, General Tamay having sent them
trained h hy.e iy irs juanita IHunter anl Miss to do so. If he had heenl there at their coming,
in the ..i g ,,. two young ladies who were he thinks he might have saved the poor
educiitd 't St. C*.therilec's Convent. Belize. creatures.
educatedir ans La ul at" anud "I heard a At Corozalito he married some poor Indians
voice in the tranquil flight" were rendered living there, and all had the chance of going to
beautifully and deserved great praise. their duties. The next place visited was Tasis.
Tber Band under the able leadership of Sefior tal. a very quiet and deviout village. The
Don J. N. Ramirez. helped to nimke the enter- inhabitants without exception attended all the
tainient a success. The subjoined programme services and 56 received Holy Communion.
shows how varied the performance was; but we Thence he went to two other Ban ks where there
rai forced to omnit the long list o little per- was a good attendance at the Church services.
former by want of space: There were 6 Marriages, 9 Baptisms, 76
PARTI. Confessiols and 69 Communions. The journey
Poetry "Arnold Winkelred" was from 17th Feb, to 23rd Feb., and the lis-
Iteettatlon "JuanLa Ins' a tance about too miles on horseback over horri-
Poetry ..-The Dead Sliter"
og Coc. Come little Birdle." bly bad roads with other troubles aid privations.
Drama "El uefio de Lola. The. Father returned very tired but consoled.
PAlRT 11. by having been able to do some gnxod.
p oetry A Child's First Grle."
Poesia Plearia A lits." Stann Creek. On the 3rd March a mass-
Camnlon '**"a.1ulaNta."' meeting of the Catholics of Stann Creek was
Dramna Dr. Wise pate." called to he held in the school room to consider
PART Ill. the question of rebuilding the Church. Ahout
Hland. 0o were present. The Bishop in opening the
Poetry 'lie never smiled again.". proceedings said, that in last July .lhen the
lii etaln tuo s. Church-tower fell, he hal come to Stann Creek
Dranma **Mlcrior" with Mr. Rice to examine the fabric of the
Solg' 1'eardavoleeintheItranqiulinlgilt C(hurch, Mr. Rice had said that there was no
** isity liau ie." immediate danger oflth Church falling down,
God Save the Queen. biut that it would be good to repair it. A
-- acting was then held to decide vwbether they
Orange Walk. Fr. I'ienuit l. riles that he were to have a new Church or to repair the old
paid a laimut visit to lte ncigtlioulnring villages ole. i t was therein determined that thu matter
towards the end of February and that the excur- should be put off till after Christmas. This
s'mi. wax very conisliing. tmis was now passed, anil he hadl come among
At "lna he found 1 famiilies, 3 of which were then again, bringing with hinm a plan and the
living in conel.chinage. These he. married and hetihlates for repairing the church as given hv
the rest had the 'oppoltuity of going to the Mr. Rice. He #lys that the iron roof and the
bacralnulus. The little church he found in a ceiling adl the uptights o.f the church are good.
good state but an altar adl other church furni- but that the wall-plate and the flooring are ill a
'"tre hardly needed. For this object a collection bad state. The church is 40 by 80 feet. Mr.
tias Otl aitnd $30 suhbcribed, which it is Rice will extend the church to feet making it 9c
thought will cover tcea'ery expenses. The by 40 feet, adsdig two side-chapels and two
ktidl ld C'ompaiy's people treated him very steeples, changing all the windows and puttila
it aldy Kring his stay there and wilhed him to in coloured glass, giving a new ceiling and fool
o alg with them to the lcaichi Indians, an decorating and painting the Church inside
w in her toe h or it o he slapped at Ye Creek, and out. The rough estimate for this world
persIumt uulber of -ldians and other will be $1,981 *o of which the cost of material!
will be $669. His Lordship thought then



uhld hei some extras required and l he thought NMr. Rice h:ll agreed to ipy their work for the
ereforc they should have ready $2 zoo. This ( .lhurcih t the rate of three shillings a day. and.
what is wallted. Now towarlds this suln we this aiitounlt would be d edilctl frimi the charge
ave already chillyy collected from outsidtel) lin the Chtioilate for Inhour. lie will britig with
i15o including $joo promised, out of which hhimi carpenters, but would employ them llln as
00oo had Ibel given by tile Fatherl of the far it the work would adilmit. Mr. Cloteil'
lissioni aill wis already lodged with Mr. resolution that lthse who could not afford to
IsIld'), with wholim tilh money collected hadl give money shtild.give their laMour to the
ciii placed. They required then a flrtlher work" was secinided ly Mr. Isidro I(t lloIs, atad
650o to cover tile, estilnlite.. Thi'i thenll was the carried inllalliall.taly.
rat question that he ihad to put to themll that Mr. Valeriaii K ylu n prol(sed atetapartv
*vrlliin-Do yoti adillit Mr. Rice's plan oWf itol hlp the fundss'.
etalliriin the CIulirch olr do you want in letirely The resolution was seconded by Mr. Thoiiias
ww Church? Do you wish the Church to hie Marin.
Ililt liy hil andl accordila toI his estn imate? Several were lnot in favour of the tea-party.
.Ir. Rice is prepared to begin on 20th April WhVen asked to give their r'easons,tlhey said that
aid to havel the rpalration liiii.shed by the i2th there would be all the troublile of tle tec-pLrty
of JuOle. to .le ready for the feast of the without anly ga'il to the funds. People wltho
Sa cred Heart, lie will fielnd for the necessary hotight tickets would expect to get the worth of
h.inalher &c., to the United States, 1as soon nsi he ihelir money or they would grumble. In tIhe
knows that his plan Mid estimate ihale ltee last ten-party the expeinsl it was thought hhd
accepted. lis Lordship then prtoposed:- hiee greater than the gaiiiLs.
" that this meeting accept Mr. Rice's plan aiil Father laIldwin said thai $90 had been put
estimate for the repair and extension of the to the credit of the Chlarclh-lbui ding fund aI the
lChurch." resillt of the last tea-party.
The resaolition was seconded by Mr. Cloter The Ihisthop explained that. as the tea-party
ind carried unanimously. was to lie got tip for the benefit of tlhe Church,
The next question before them was how they the purchasers of tickets must not expect to get
were it collect the $6.o required. Mr. Vela the equivalent of the price of the ticket. It
speaking to this point said :-Every householder bllnuld be understood that the ladies who took
ii. Statin Creek minist give somilethini. lie eliarge of the tables had not to pay at the same
thought there were atboult 450 hol res alnd he time not of their own pockets for the tla-partv.
proposed a collection' from house to house of Ona this understanding they might have the
$l. Those wlho hald better ilteansl might play ten-party.
mlore. Tl.c resolution was then put illad eventually
lMr. Cloter moved uil amleirnlldment to this carried.
resolution that the suin to be collected from Air. Amhrosio Ellis proposed that the inem-
house to house should he.$i Iters of the choir give a concert and some other
Mr. Valeriiano Kuylen moved a further varieties to help the fuild." 'This wild cost
amendlmentl that those present in tlhe room n otthinl as he hoped that Fatller IllAdwina would
should say before leaving what they would give Iehl thie use of the schoolroom for the
olltl ibute. rse.
Father Hopkins secooded this amendment. WFlae resolution was secondled by Mr. Procopio
Tile ailnmltled resolution was then put to the IBonilla and carried.
meeting by the Bishop:--a that there should be All these resolutions before being put to the
" a house to house collection of $l at least for meeting were explained by Mr. Suloamon Bca.-
" every house and that those present in tile room guichi ii Carib for the hlienlit of those who do
Should before leaving the room say what nt understand Englisli..
"would be their contribution towards this At the conclusion of the nieeting several
"collection." came forward alnd paid in their contribution,
The resolution was put and carried almost whilst others promised either money or labour.
unlanllilusly. $16 '25 was paid il cinsh and handled to the
Mr. Cloter next proposed that those who local treasurer, and $40 was promised, besides
could not give money should give their labour. engageliments to give sonle days of labour.

( 66 )

fr a d Oqff th New
slofa e o( ma"ed lMear, 8stane Cre k.
1. I hnd .on StUn Creek people, $183 '1
July Ib'y 13.1T11'1 l 172.10
hlat. T~e nd Tenirssour Province o 1
b F.o urhes n tie sso 78 -8
S .ro' Of 0 Jesus. MA 21
~' JIuo( tii ), (-l ." "o^.'o0
o of the Miion 100 00
Thes ofta nn C.reek from August 5 to 106
e ro.g 84 '06
I bE e L7 's ispit Marlo 18, -: 85 79
s ince e t i le nlsi ,
.1.3,3 .81
romisse-. .-----10 -00
Other promises just ade, 114*50
Total, $1,508 "9

you our loyal wishes for your happy rule over
the Colony for many years. You begin in what,
we are told, is a most auspicious year-t he year
in which our gracious Queen .Victoria wLill have
reigned over the British Empire for sixty years.
We have heard that our good Queen wishes that
her people shall remember the year mostly by
the benefits they will get, and we hepie that,
when the great Jubilee day copies, we, children
of Stann Creek, will not be forgotten.. Our
Jubilee offering will be a new Church which we
are going to have ready by the o2th of June if
we can get the money to finish it. In that
house of God we children will oftenjoin in prayer
for our Queen.
Your. Excellency may be surprised to see so

few big girls amongst us. Have we not sisters?
His Excellency the Governor during the last Yes ; but as soon as sissy is big enough tio hold
month has taken advantage of the dry season a baby she must home to nurse it.
to visit all the places of importance in the Colo- The big folks have bee asking your Excellen-
ny, south of Belize to make himself better cy for a number of things this morning, we little
acquainted with the needs of the people. le folks would ask tor one thing by which to re-
prefers to see things with his own instead of member our Governor's first visit to our sclhool-
with others' eyes. From the tenor of the a holiday.
addresses made to His Excellency, he could We are the most obedient and loyal chiildrcn
learn that their wants are many and their means to our Empress Queen in the person of your
are few. Every man from the lowest to the Excellency, Her Majesty's representative.
highest wants to better himself atnd to be bt- Signed in the name of the boys and giirls of
tered, but they must dispel from their minds the the Stan Creek Catholic School.
idea thnt the Governor is a paternal old gentle-
man who goes Pbout with five-dollar bills in his A.LEJANDRO FrANCISCOI,
hamls to further their various local schemes. ANACLETO OVADO.
As constitutional ruler be can do but little THOMAS MAIIN, Tearcher.
more than reconumemnd and ailvocate what is put
before him. From what his Excellency has FOREIGN NEWS.
publicly, sail he does not pretend to know their
uwi wants better than themselves, and is not
therefore likely to 'igislate in advance of their The Second Reading of the Education Bill
requirements. : was carried in the House of Commons Iby a
In his visit to Stainn Creek the Governor did majority of 205 votes. This decision of Parlia-
sot forget the schools; aln frion tile children of iment will do something to redress the wrong
tie Catholic school received a short address to under which the Voluntary schools in England
which he replied in a few appropriate words have been suff-ring for more than 25 years.
rid granted the children's request for a holiday. The Board schools and the Denominatiional,
The address was as follows:- schools teach precisely the same things in secular
To His ExcellencyColonel DAvi WVtson, Com- learning, whilst in the former Board-school reli.
wander of the Most Distinguished Order of St gion is taught, that is, the reading of the Bible
Michael and St. George, Governor of the without note or comment, and in the latter, the
Colony of British Honduras. Catholic, Anglican, Wesleyan or Baptist religion.
Your Excellency, Both schools receive the fixed grant and the fee
u E e grant and on equal terms. but Board schools, are
n Creek, children of the Catholic School, paid besides 19 shillings a child from the rates,
coIe to ir glad stoee your Excellency an extra sum of $o,000o,000 a year. In the
ofe tist v ouri school. We take the occasion Education Bill, which has just past Its second
Sti your irst visit to our town, to express to reading in the Commons, the Government pro-

( 67 )

poses to give $,000oo,ooo a year to the Voluntary Mr. T. P. O'C ni er showed that as ltliyLvln
or Denolmninatiolal schools as an equivalent for worked, it was as regards the Cathlilic minurily
the to millions paid to Board schools. At pre. worse that the tEnglish system.
sent the mailnenatce of the Voluntary schools
'1 In L'ol'Kt lasglw thinr is a I i )lllhltfiltt of lo(.LOS).
has been kept up by private subscriptions which ton tthom lago tiere I;sl>liils a li .rt.t wir Ihr.1.
coiIne oil the average to 6s. 2d. a child, but, even Board seilools in I1h ti n a. an.o onle t'tillilel .tihol.
!o, they have been receiving tzs. per child les l. 'erttets t(tl Ia Yea1.11 or. rluns ity I'( air
-than the Board schools and have had besides tlo school, except Utha which ll wias. clvr I y the Statie
build their own schools andi pa the cost of their ernt e hdst i ltin t. IlSri altr Inelni-thir tf
administration. Is it right to take advantage o the conscientious convictions of the great body of Ity'. whih was rend tre. hite ll re ,no,,;i,,; It I .,
fants. Tll.' hst wr tIhat alt,, ('eaoil~li.m ln- lh',l
parents in Englalnd to subject them to a special fornlied tihe poorer Ipart iif tliti popilllin. hullt litre
tax ill order to maintain their sCh.)Iol inl proper was a ie'rnl iand ilore :slo. shli n tll :tll Ih n inl.Sll
hf'lrs were in tile halift. if rvlr!.llliltr m-ie dllcl oaiatin
efficiency? A large majority ill tie Imperial ol Scotll and s non-sectlrialn. II waSl llnlii lIt the
Parliament have decided to remedy to s lmle lg Ill a ht iT.l e r] er SIclllin Sillni .
extellt tilss injustice. It has been acceplted by Illollgh It wa as 11a l l, i :tIcti l hoik aIs rouhIl I' tie n-
the friends of Denominational education as all .Vlls. Tllls. tiloll 'll ll nill eIlrd t lclhltr e car'
taught definite do nElin't Yel Ille 0( 1holiv .f l ,,rt
instalnllltl towards a further act of justice, the ilnagow were nol ,llow', l gIt I a I t nI1ilil fritln tll'
putting the schools, which are doingg the work rIalet or tile tencllell. i ii, heI wr 1 1o tn llnll. I1 ta(o I
of public eleiueltary teaching tiupon a comolnnlo rtes t I ollher Blchools where IIIgnIn w1s laIlgill. titl
financial basis. one difference being thal II wani lh lg iI;Ia of l're hty-
a basis. iterlanalml in tho one set of sltoolsi and lath ilo-lln
Cardinal Vaughan speaking for the Catholic of .atlholcluelin Il the oilitr. (flrar. lhar.) I'Ihe
.ilall says: The State is botlnd il jllstice tto ntholicsll Werltus lld. not e t y taught
dog mla. bllt helhuse lllh halylfllll to I Cthlllll4ls
put our schools oni a level of equality with the Tih'y formedI the pliort'l oIf tlin lpoilaltiont Iltey
Board schools. We have enough to do to build PlId lr their own eorlerg., tlilt tel.'l lw ei;hls.
ttll bribed to vatrolos r,,iilllus antl ltllItarltlh, 0llele.P-
and maintain our school buildings. It is as ties, anda] Innlntained tllin'i own clnvtlohiti nt llir
much the duty of the State to Iprovide for the own expense In spite of t tel' lllletlto1n lIf a I nor
Selllclent edlltonllon. I:t Ill' exl ense of we hllf raltl ilpayers,
edllcatinn of. our children as for the children ill il Ihe lilard schools. (llcar. Illar.)
the IBard schools. During the course of the
Dehate, Mr. Morley, while vehemlently oppisintg lPassed at Ilhst andl by ta lrge Parhalmlientary
tile Goverotnmnt measure anld declaritg his majority, the Education Hill for the relief of
decided preference for undeuni inllaiional vducia- Voluntary or D)eIloninlalioiial schools is now inl
tion, went out of his way toWpay a tribute to the tie Committee stage. Tile Opposition are mn-
Catholic body which had clung to their schools playing the same obstructive tactics which they
in spite of their poverty. used last session by i crowd of
"I cannot forget he sald this fac-tlhat the co,,- ament""ne"nt through which they hope to defeat
munlon whicr Is lthe poorest, which is tie Imost hard- or render valueless the Government measure.
resed In tits country, in which a shilling Il harr Taught by the experience of last year the aup-
.to et than it sovereign Is in the Anglian eonlnllnlon
-tAlny have not transferred one single school." porters of. the government have so far shown a
His words were received with cheers, which we firm front and defeated all adverse anelndlments
shall say were well deserved, when we recall to by majorities of over a hundred, stand if they
mind that Anglicans and Wesleyans have simce continue to hear themselves as well throughout
1870osurrendered no less than ,.20o schools, the discussion of the dctlails of the Hill, the
Sir Henry Campbell Bannerman extolled the financial assistance to the Voluntary clhools will
fairness of the Scotch system of education. I not be long delayed.

S. ( fi 8

HISTORICAL SKETCH OF THE Putting before himself the example of Saint
HST 1n l': oIitmsa oiaio rmc. Mno a sm I alam m CATHOLIC MISSION IN BRITISH HONDURAS, l. ligs mi .," ,e wishd lis ,a n,
I t I s t.Il mIlei.n, hie wished to live as mie
of themselves in food, in dwelling and in lman-
ner of life. After finishing inl curly 1Mass for
L('tlUtl't VII the convenience of the labourers, he set out
1878. There first care of the new Superior ilther for the hush or for the sea, in order to
wa toWctillme the work which Father I'itlar filnd wherewith to support life in his own poor
had not been able to finish. The roof of the way; after this he daily gathered together the
Itelize church netedel a thirugh.l reparatio.n children for religious instruction, aiid to teach
' Part of the money required had Ihbeen already thelt something f reading and writil.g. In the
collected ; but as it vwas ncce~sary.,a that te work evening he called al l together for saying the
should be at o!cr l'egunl.'it was arranged thl!t Rosary,and night prayers. His. poverty was
one of the chief Catholic merchants of Belize, very great, not so much from necessity as from.
Mr. Iternard Cramier. who was very well fitted a spirit of mortification. Many times he was
to superintend public works, should be put in seen to come to Belize all a slall dory
charge of the renewal of the roof. He advanced after a perilous journey of over a hundred miles,
without interest the money which was still re- the distance between Belize and Punta Gorda.
quired. .In June of the same' year, after the His manners were gentle and meek, the Carnih
church snrvicv had eicen transferred to the looked up to him as their good father andi his
school, the old roof was taken o .throughout, death was bitterly lamented by them all. lie
and the .new tne put up within three months. was buried by the illnme people. as there was no
At the same time, ith: li ilding of a new school pricht present. Only, after the news hal reach-
in C.,rnzal under Father Hlenry Gillet's direc- ed llclize, dll tihe Superior leave with Father
tion had been begun. .It.was well suited to its lirindisi to make the religious funeral rites,
purpose and was built t o c' .iivetiietly receive which took place on the +Sthof the same month
about ;-mo children. In Septlme er of this year lie thin pIlt in order the affairs of the residence
it was lopeed with much sdoemnity. and left it without a plstor, uitil God should
lII this amlne moiith of' Septelmber, good send an.,lthr missioner, whoi could takc charge
Father en(.to tll' icamle very seriotmsly -sick il lof the Ca.ris.
Pubilas trda. As hi was. living tone inc his Fatlrer Pozzi, who had been eimployed for
residence, a boat was iuni to tlle nearest resi- many' years among lthe Indimas od Napu in
dlnce StIann Cr e.k to n.tiify Fatiher Irindisi of Ectador, as soinn as lhe dry seas.n,. had begun
lhe grave ida.ngIr in which Flthir Genon was, proposed to go anil visit the limdi.ins of Icaiche,
ratler tlrindi i'wen t atoe Itd his assistance, who.since Fitther Itlli's leaving hadl not been.
Wht after a few days as he "'hal: menled some- visited, partly frtom wait of priests, partly also
W hat he had toi return hlnne for the coming because they were mot living within the limits
Sunlay. Scarcely however had he g.,t hack of the Vicariate.
when a rel'ps occurredd in the 2.ild of Sep- The Indians of Icaichi form a part of all
tel !er, and in Ioly (dilSpoiitmns Fr. Gein dle- those Maya hidians, who were the former in-
parted this life, Which had been for him, a con- habitanlt tfd Yuciitan; Livhig to the VWest of
tinied mrltrdoih, to receivelBiscternalreward. our frontier and sapaiated from miTr Collony
G.e n life of coltinua! ahuneatihl,, which Fr. only by the River Htondlo and lllte Creek, they
(the Suldfuthirty yeahs aullng the Carils of1 make up .a iuasitl-4etpendent tribe, which is
tite S~iteri CwPast, was an adiirahle one. subject only to i4te luexican, Goveriinent.

( 69 )

Since 845, by o"ie of thlle itisurrections of, the Yuicatecai1 Iadlians hall withdrawn
lthmiclelves from subjection to the Whites. ILe-
caufe they had been lhadly treated by tlhei..
After mIaniy sanguinllary combats carried on
throughout the whole IPeninsula, they remained
in polhssession of thCe South .of Yucatail, for!lilng
torglthr \ithl tlhe Inliians of Santa Cruz alnd
Chichanlii a formiidalulc hody. In the course
of time, after having liiany times fought aimolg
tllcluselves oin accounts li jealousy between their
chiefs, ilt l.ut tlhe Icaiclic Indians separated
thcinslvTes entirely from the other two tribes
alld wished again to subject themselves to ltle
ferlenrl goverintl eiit of Mexico. Since this time
they have r clllined masters of the Soutl-west
of the I'ciinsuil:, living subject to a kind Ill
Indian rule under a chief, whom they themlnshc e
choose for life, with the title of general keep-
ing however i certain subordination to the
supreme government of Mexico.
Since the time of their separation, they have
had two chiefs. The first was Mlarcos Canil,
of a hIalf savage character and ninch given to
ightinlg, who several lines made inllroad into
the Collny, iand tlhe second, tlhe present Tarm.i,
of a peaceful disposition, and wllh since the
death of Caill in 1i7:, lhas always held pacific
relations with thile Clony.
As all these had been niemibers of the Catho-
lie religion before their revolt, they belonged to
the bislhopric of Merida; hut, after the war,
they remained in fact entirely separated from
it. Those of Icaichi became entirely schisma-
tic, under anl Indian whom they call "Father,"
who makes then believe that ihe does all ac-
cording to the Catholic Rite. Thoseof lcaichi,
just as they kept their political dependence uo!
the Supreme Government of Mexico, sit they
continued to depend in the ecclesiastical order
upon the Bishop of Yucatan. Nevertheless
their distance from the ecclesiastical centre,
nearlyy 800 miles), left them in an almost
abandoned state and, as they are living int
tthe iinreddiate neighbuuthiud of out Colony,

llity coime now and then for Ilapitans u.i l
other Sact nients, null beg oti F-athers frumn
Inlie to timir to colie aid visit Ihci in their own
territory, which is distant about lt mntile,. by
road through tile bush.
Several limnie tIhe Iishop of Mlridn, tt wh.,se
urisdictionl they beli.g, has given faculties tit
our Missionlrs to administllr tlo theli thv S cia
Inclts ; lbut bail roads 4 ill the simnll lniiibler of
priests, hardly enough for itr own work, made
these visits ,outic tihe Colony haril Iti undertake,
ansd tlhe visits of Fathe'r i ill were thle Ilat, until
iS8, when Father ',z/.t, whi, had been acc(is-
toimed to lung journeys iln lie fo.rvst. ient.
(jreat was the joy of the Ildia.lln, wlihe tlicy
saw a priest appear i tlir amoin them after so Ilon
an absence. and very ablltiulndtl wasl the spiritual
fruit gathered aiongi Ithle. h 0Alhnomil all, after
long instruction, received tihe Sacraments of-
Pelnance :nidl Holly Coinliimnion. IMre Ilimn
seventy children were haptizied, iand als Irilny
more marriages were lailad of lielsoiis who were
living together unlawfully, including the sanec
(Genrail. All were well instructleu in thie prin-
ciples of religion, which they hal half fogiotte,
during the .li ce wceks ill which the ahllier
resided aiong tlhem after which, to the very
great grief of the poor Indiins, he had to return,
blit tinder the solemn promise of cooling lbuck
at the latest in.lthe following year.
Uinforlunately the promise conlil not be kept,
because the Father was attacked by obstinate
fever which completely shattered his nervous
system, and at the end of the saile he had
.to return to the -Mission of lEcuador, ulieiice lie
had come.
The inhabitants of telize had another visit of
a different kind, which very much revived the
Catholic spirit among thlliem. Inclined, as all
the Spanish race are, towards devotion to the
Virgin, they wished very muclti to have among
then, a chapel expressly dedicated to the Virgin
of Lourdes. Having sentil therefore for i beau-
tiful statue of the same Blessed Virgin, they
first kept a devout and well-atteilded Novens

'( 7O )
~- ..-.

1,f,,rr thu ifst of the In;mmacul; Cocep)tion them in older to continue the work of the
ane i'd th celebrated the ay it lf ittllih ai extra-' deceased Father. lie obta:ined tthe desired
vrand iry tcc "ute o. (f (Catholics. Durink;, tie plei mission, Miud was aippitlcd to Statn Creek
iordilnary cn"' 00 received Holy C nu- to help Fatlher Briildisi, w hose icalt h had Imuch
nion" then olelnll HIigh rlas.. waos smun asnd declined. To this one we Imust add Father
all the people kneeli ig devoutly before e the Mato Antillach of the Province sof Aragon,
tlttlte, Wilc i uch fervour be egc d the Virgin to who had been especially et ilpart by the same
tdeig to receive lelilze Iuder her espercial pro. Father Geieral for the service of th1 Spaliards
section. In the evcnhiig, after havilig s:id the of the North, and was just such a priest as the
Komi v with very great'devotion in the Church, Superior had asked.
which was crowded will people, the congregn- lut it'seemed to be in the Providle ce of God
tion, from a sfiddlc ihnpultse 6 devotion, wished that the number of our minisioners was never Ito
to carry the Statue in.i pulic lprcessiu Ithroughl increase; for almost inummediately after the
the streets of the citl,:a; act which never before arrivall of Father Looutjens calime the death of
had been sect. iln Iclie;. The image theii was Brother Ml:rk.Quinn, the wrimrly ilinster of the
rievutly carried forth from tie Cmhrch, pre. Bclize school. After arriviiig in the Mimsion in
cetled by the boys mad girls. parrying banners 1iS6, as we Iavc sa-id before, from the very
and flags and flowers and follmweJ by the baud beginiting, li devoted.himself entirely to raising
and ihe clergy. Protestants were surprised it up the Cati slic School in lBelize miln in tlhe
the novelty, but followei.e the proccssion in course of to yirs lie was ale to in,-reasu the
silence and with respect, soi that IIthre was no number atteviding to 20o children, though in the
need .aflermards tI grieve over any disorder. bHegiiniig he had barely so. Under his direc-
In this way, the Ilesred Virgiii, pasiting as a tion the children made great progress hoth in
Queen thriughi the city, began to p6ur out over secular and in religious learning. Young mien,
it an abundance of, gracesn avnd to draw a number who, to-day occupy high pisiticlns, ciaiame foath
of visitors, mlho came neither to fulRil their pro. from his school, aud cerlninI Protestiitsa through
Lies, liy hlmimilti calnlles in tle little chapel his good example alld the fervent elxhortatioiis
which had been changed into na silall grotto he gave whcu eKpla.11iiig the Citechirnit, rc-
like to that u Loonides, or to drink some drops noncecd their rrrors and begged earnestly to be
of'the miraculous "water, which had been admitted into the Catholic Church. Ile was a
brought from thememine foiuutain of Lourder. religiu'is oif irretproicheble life, full of zeal for
1879. Unmer such tisppices t179began, iand the good of souls and for the fair reputation of
it was made remarkable by tiy mI events, wor- Catholics. H li death, which took place 41t
thy of special atteutiou. Two :iewV Fathers April, 1879, was followed by a splendid funeral
came, by- the special arrangement of Father to which a great number of the inhabitants of
General,. to strengthen olur Alission. Father Belize assisted, together with all the children of
Augustus Loontjens, oii account of ill health his school, who shed tears over the grave of
had been trausfe red to Jamaica. ie had been their beloved master. His work was continued
set by he particular recommendation o Father by his brother Richard, who, animated by hii
General in order to recover certain lnluds in counsels, Itad asked bSuperiors to come to our
Santo Tomas belunging to a Belgian getitlemnan, Mission, and for more than a year had taught
who had be e a great benefctorto the Society, in the Coruzal school,
an8 having teen thetpoor Caril-Ishalf-ahnildolted After the usual celebration of the lMollhn of
"inc Father (Genti's death, Father Loontjens lMary, which this year was extraordinarily well
ased the sane Father Gftucial to remlsainl among attetidttd on account of the Jubilee grnai.ted by

71' )

I'.pe Lseo NX11 lll ii during which ;iol,.t Soo imnei to have a place o,f honest recreation (or thel
Ieccived Holy Communionlil, the devotion of the evenivt., The l.anie Mr. Fowler was alsho clsen
Folly Ilhours ivas cslablishedl' ill June for tlle P'resident of the Circle amd, after a few days,
feilt of lthe S.acred I leirt. The Clemrentiic the rules were drawn pI). what was nelredd pro>.
Inlstlruciior., with the exception ofl the adoration cured, as Ilhouse, furniture, lwks., :gaien, anll
during Ithe light, was followed throughout, the ol the I al lh of Noivemi er, the first tellize Ch'lu
'orty Ill[or~ b eintg distributed over tle three ltnder tllhe nmie ii Catholic Circle was t wihl
daly., hlegimlinig with the Frilday dedicatelld to lthe nch solemniltv buiiin.
Sacred lcriit uliil the Siunday night. The 1I0. As there was ln hl r the monthly
hours off ilIorallion were regularly lobservcd, thle coliiiiii cntioni by Steai illisp between Ilritlsh
communiillions during tle three days were numenr- Illnulmras aidl Jainuica, direct ciiimuniication
inth aitd lthe -ceremonly, which was very solemln with lhl Vicar A\i)istmllic wais ilsl Iroken off,
and s.pleiilid, finished with a beautiful proces- and for this reaism, it iiecehhary to comll-
sion io lie Church and Blenediction of the iunllicnte to tlle .'uiipriur of the Mi.sifion tihe
Ilessm.d Sacramenlt. faculty of adiiinisteiiii lthe icsalainlnt of Coiu-
lnlt tlhtll which gave more luotre to tile utider- lirination. So tile imiatter was pult befre llhe
lakiigs 'of this year was the founding of a Cath- Congregationi kf I'n.paiigaida by the s;ii Vicar
ulic Sciety and of a Club. On the 6th of Oc;o- Apostolic. Hi petlitioi "is gr.iitel, aid Rev.
her, tlhe S pcriir icalledl lgetlher tie principal Father Dil'ietlr, haviln r ceivved tl faculty io
tile genittlemn of the City, a'ind proposed to giviiig C'olliralitiuol, hcigal in Ja nuary 1SSo a
themi lhie iden, which he hlal formed, of estab- lgeeral vliit lof tie Colony, in oilider ito alhili-
lishing aniong them it Catholic Asociation, nister the said sacraimeint. More' Ilun four
which lihould have for its chlif object tlhe pro- motlhs were e mplovyi bly tlie FaItlher in visiting
motion of Cltholic interests in the Mission, all the little pieces where Catholicia were living,
whether- in the church or in schools or colleges, as it is dillicull for lieml to Ileave their alnalcs ill
or in mIiy other lmatlers, in connmlexion with he order hl receive the ali crenlcl ts. Moire than a
Catholic Church. The ilden was enlthusiatically Ihouisand received 'Coihilnualion. a1s tih tvoas tile
received, niid afler hearing the reading of ite first time Ihat tllihe .small settlellinlts hIad tlhe
fuindaimentnl regulations, which had been for- opportunity of leiiig conlirmed in their own
Inulttedl by the sane Superinr, they passed at chiipels.
once tu tile choice of President, which fell Two other iistitutivon were b egiu this year
by a consensus of all the votes upon Mr. in the Missiion for the befclit of the children.
Henry Fowler, the Colonial Secretary. The The first was tile cveniiig Catchlismn every
day for lthe first meeting, in which they had Sunday for ilnstructln the children. For
to fitishi the work of drawing up the rulesof the want of, a mitlicient mnuuiler of lathers it
Association, was next lixed,and the largegather- had not yet been introdiicc l -in Icelize; but,
ing broke up with signs of great enthusinam. when the inembhers of the C.itlholc Assiociatiod
In their subsequent meetings, another very im- and the ladies of thie Culgregation of the Chil-
portanlt subject' was brought forward by the drein of Mary offered to teach it every Sunday,
Superiowr-the question of opening a Catholic it became easy to organise the work andi frOni
Circle, in which our Catholics could meet at the first Sunday of theyear, about.:oochildren,
nights tio pass pleasant hours together without boys sanl girls, began to come regularly to the
danger to their morals. With still greater en- Church at 3.30 p. m. in order to receive cate-
thusianm this second project was received, as it chemical instruction from certain gentcllmen of
corresponded with the desire of all the young the Catholic Assuciationi helped Iby wuine ladies

'( 72 )

r ie ofhour anlit I~ al. Tle children )rison. The following day, he was, taken under
or he psch "ogre" "tht at the end ouf the year escort to( G(nlteinalia, which is distant from the
y gve sh brillit public exnminationl. which c.ast alout five das journey. As soon. as he
wiy rewarded by a distribution o prizes, tile had arrived he was put inl tile dlngcoin of those
cost of which was defrayed by the Catholic As- condenmed to death nId., after 48 hours without
cosrti f l Together with tle Catechism the any food, lie was brought out and subjected to
ociugregtiol of tie AlOysinat' wa' e.tablislhed, a strict iiterrogatory. IBut as they couli not
who having to c.rve as Icolytae i .the different tiud even a suspicion of a conspiracy, (which the
eclesiastical functions, receive every Sunday P1resitent was suipposing), he was transferred,
special instructiol i, Church rulrics, anil in this only to satisfy masonic hatred againstt the
ay give ore pomip to tihe cure ulnie s of the Church, to the public prison amoniog the crini-
Church. alils who were paying the penalty of their thefts,
In this vear our Mlission hl.sttwo Missionaries, their quarrels or other crimes. The Rev. Father
Father.lRoiillho, who in 8t73 haid come from remained for ten days in this state of hard imi.
Janaiica and who oni accouituf ill-htcalth had to prisounttnt, until ait last he wais aille tu selld a
leave ion the lotl ofu June for Europe; and also note to the Entglish Minister to Gun;teInala, whi
Father Brinllisi. This Fathier bld deserved well was not awrre of what had taken place. The
of tile Colony. lie died in Corozal in the Consul at once sent his secretary to look into the
August of 18ISo after various sickitsses suffered case, aud when ihe learnt that it was question of a
with much resignation during the last two years Catholic priest, who had simply come on a visit
of his life. to the -1abal Lagoon and had been arrested
1881. Withl these upis and down the Mis.ioln without any reason, he was so indignant at the'
was going on until the beginning of ISS1 when tyrannical proceedings of the President against
al extraordinary event took place, which for a an English subject, that he went in person to
time greatly alllicted it. Father Henry Gillet, speak to him an:td asked for his iminiediate release
taking advantage of tlhe Easter vacations for a with tle condition that he was to be taken hack
;hort holiday, after a year's work of teaching in at the Goverulnmeiit cost to the place where Ihe
the Parochial school more than zoo children, had been arrested, or, otherwise, he would incur
asked to make aln excursion to the Isabhl La- the enmity of the British Governientl. T'll
goon, so re nnrkihile for its grandeur and beauty. frightinued P'resudlcet so o complied with tile
This laguo is a few miles in the interior from Consul's demands, and on tile following duy the
the Atlantic coast of Guatemala, a Republic Father was set at liberty and conducted back to
which siuce 1871 had exiled the Fathers of Jesus. Izabal. Thence he returned in a Carib durcy
Trusting in the long time which had passed by to Belize.
since the decree of balisblhment *and in the Eng- The anxiety of the Fathers and of the people
rlih nnatioeality of the Father, his Superiors of Belize had been very great, as soon as they
rantedl him the permission asked for, the more heard that Father Gillet had been arrested and
readily that be went in an lEglhsh sloop, whose put in prison. The Governor sent a special
respect. But h ls of Guatemnat would surely messenger to the English Consul at Guatemala
the telegraph ti had scarcely *hlalded when, to testify to thte itmocence of the Father, and
public, Sciar Run ia e PBresiet ael the Re. anr d some .yotuitg men wanted to form a company
aston, of ntile ll riol, thorough. Free- of volunteers, who would go'with arms in their
askd or instru rival of the Jesuit Father #and hands to udemait his release. But as soon as
aske l i nstrucion. Ina few hours the reply the Governwr's mtesseunger reached Izabal, he
ca h aid the Flatr was arrested and put illn niet Father Gillet himself, who had returun.d

( )

fromil pli.s His arrival at lIeline was :i vry I Hig.h Mlass. and in tie l house, by giving a dhi',.er
grvatlconsolation li)tthelrathersa id to his friends. to which manivlof our Cathoilli were hiviteid.

who came crowding. round him to see with their
own eyes the dear-Father whom they had be-
lieved to have been put to death by tile barbarity
of the tyrnlit of Gluatemnala. The occurrence,
which was exaggeraedl in tlhe newspapers, mlade
a beisation even in Europe andl letters of con-
gratulation poured in as soon as the happy coln-
clusioin of the affair was known.
Tlhe affair becalie la tlatter of laIghter, when
the newspapers gave a;n acciint ill his haviniig
ceen condllenled to death and bu'iced. The an-
ilioiucerl iiet hald sioli reached Euroipe, the
prayers of the Society hall been asked for him
anii he :had hlec wept over by his relations mand
frieiiCd. Soul miladel him i martyr of the faith

Another event worthy of iention is that a
bazaar was huld this year during the last days of
December in the Council Cliamner, for the -pur-
pose of defriying the expenses of an iron railing
to lie put up as a lence in frnit of the Church.
Vhenim by the help of Ihe chief Ihlies and gell-
tlclllnen f .the town everything had been got
reayv, the (jGovcrnor with his wife ca:le to openl
thle hbaaar. In his opening address ,hi ExIcl-
leinc praised very mu icli the work oftlhe athlei
not only in tlhe city of Belize Iult in other places
also, and for this reason aIllthough he did not he-
lullg to our religion hle took olrcsiion tlo Isow
how much l he appreciated the lalhor of the
atlhers ill the Colniy. The lbaaar was well

lind ill Iheir letters asked for relics of one who attended dilrin g the three days it was open alnd
wais inow woi king safe ail-llnd 1 nd in the Mlission. wiis i great help towards bellig iiiilng the restora-
When this latter had liniished, the Superior tion of the Church.
of the Mlissilon went to vibit the Solth of the At this limle Father Ilartel came frllom urope.
Collony, aiid seeing tlh necessity of iagaill open- lie was to take upon himself ille charge of the
ing a Resildelce ill I'ulnta (orlla, which since Mlissiotn luring tile absence of lIlither Iil'ictio,
Flltier G ioon's dillth had been closed, built H who had ltogio t0 l urope.
new\ house, where i priest could live if int dcoln-
fortablv at least becomiiinglv. After this every (
alternate mllonth, olne f tlle Missioners was want ---- --
to go there to administer the Sacranients uad T-II( APIOS-TOIC COONSTITTI'II ON OF
inillilLa tie Cllthiolics. I'O l'iE L.O XIll, ON TEII I'ROlllll-
Olloccasionll of a new jubilee granted by oir 'IION AN CEINSUREI IK B IOOKS.
Ihily Father Pope Leo XIll, tle nmollh of MNary
was celebrated with a great concourse of peopilec
in all the Churches iof the Mission andil, at the MOST important Apostolic Con-
lnd of it, the number of those who had received A s:itutionintie
Holy Culin llnl 11i<,it ln tile aillolunt iif dollar s, was published tnl Holeonl the 2;111
which accordling to the Pope's wish were sent ;)f FI'bruliy, i. l Ve have olllot
yet rv-(civcIl a vo11y lill tile origitial
as alms to the Proplgationi of the Fatilh, showed f text, bll trallslatillons of lthi Consi-
the piety of our Ciithulic,who had bieeii cleansed Ititilio have really appeared' in
by the graces of the holy jubilee. the lewsplapers anid will he read by
In .Septemlber tioe of oulr Missionera, all ber sonm of our Catholic readers. In discilsioln,
A. NI. Parisi iladle his profession ofl four vows; whikh will follow on the publication of the Holy
landi as he was the first, who siInce the lliounllation Father's Letter, they will better unlderstand ihe
of thIe Nissioin, hal tillen I these vowr, it pleased present Papal Constitution bby being reminiiied
tile Superior to celebrate thl occnsilon willt of what has been the past legislalioln of the
iiiuch solmiiii.ty, bolh in tile Church, with lChurch with regard to badl llu.k.

( 74 )

The Holy Fathr` Apostllic Costttiotu coln. for such ofiences in England and in the United
h Holy Father 1ees o n the Prohibition States; whilst in most European countries a
ans certain G os, which ela down rules Iore or less rigorous censorship of the Pressexists.
to Cbe observe by the -Sacred Council of the Now if secular governments, which coMncern
to be obd to be r-igidusl kept by alt Catholics themselves only as a secondary matter with the
Inhx,ghoutatei world. 'These rules are in sub- faith and morality of their subjects, have inever-
stalice nut ncw, but they have Ix0n nade by theless passed stringent laws against the disseni.
pope Lot XIII easier and'more fitting to the nation of bad books, what must we not expect
moral requirements of the age. In these days of. from the Catholic Church, which claims supreme
reat I cense; when the minds of many have been authority in matters of religion and to be imfalli.
loosdl from all positive religion, and people read ble in her teaching iin what regards faitli and
without restraint whatever issues from the press, morals? As a natural tenseqnence of the" powers
some of the enactments of iho Constitution will given tother by her divilte Founders, she claims
.seni stringent, but men of gfuod.will will iot also the right and the duty of watching over the
find it hard or troublesome to obey theml. faith of her members-a l of guardiing it aluainst
Formerly, the govei-nors of tmiiiinunwealths cvery'danger or ciruption, tihe chief of which union with the cuclesiatik'al at~thorities perils. isthe ch'clatiaun of books injuriums to
for the suppression of bad books. Now Lhe State faith and morals.
does but little to ward ofl that twin.|pest and ruin Could she allow her children to read with
of conuununtics--error in opinion and depravity impunity attacks upon that religion which she
in morals-froio the civil and social life. f men. teaches them is divine? to pore over hlooks
The influence for evil exerted by bad books calculated to sully the purity of their souls "ir to
was recognized evnc by pagans and the duty was keep hy them books of magic or teaching sulper-
imposed on Roman search for stitious practice?
and burn books of magic. (UJvy, Book xxxix, Frmu ithe very first the Christian Clhurch
chap. 16.) recognized the danger of bad hooks. The
Need we wonder, then, that every strongly convt.rts at Ephesus (Acts xix, 19) voluntanrily
constituted Christian states has passed laws con- bought their magical books to St. Putul iand
trolling the circulation of books and prohibiting cat themi into the flames. The practice off the
those that offend not only against morality but primitive Churchl il condemning ant suppirea..-
alsoagainst Christian doctrine? WhVeiinEtglaind ing heretical books also has been constant and
the Christian religion was part of the laiv of the uniform. The erroneous writings of Origen
land to question its truth was deemed a pumsh- were brought before Pope Pontianis to he con-
able offence. Hence in IS43. two Edinburgh dcmnied by hhni the writings of Arius were
booksellers were imprisoned for publishing a prohibited; Pope Leo I by letter suppressed
book ridiculing the Scriptures, one for 1 the te books el the Priscillianisia; whilst a coultcil
other for months. In i867 Cowan, and still held at Rome under Pope Oelasius (A. D. 494)
more recently Foote and RaInsay in' 883, were gives a catalogue of apocryphal books of the
condemn ned for attacks on Christianity. There Scriptures, which it forbad to read, together
is however now such a complete toleration of with a long list of heretical writers whose works
every form f religious errr, that it is not likely were prohibited. The medieval popes and .
that lay one will be prosecuted for expressing in councils pursued the same course as regards the
prit a disblief Christianity. Nevertheless dangerous writings of their respective periods,
those who print, sell or send through the mail After the invention of printing, it became evi.
b oos are still prosecuted and imprisoned dent to the ecclesiastical hierarchy, that if the

( 75 )
-~ ~ ~ ~~~~, t-------- --------

influence of bad hooks was to he kept und er
control new methods must be adopted. At the
time of the Reformation a deluge of hooks con-.
taining doctrine more or less erroneous was
poured over Europe, and if Catholics were to
know what hooks were fit to be read a list of
hooks condemned by the Church must be
The matter was taken up by the Councill of
Trent, which appointed a commission of some
of its members to report what steps should he
taken with regard to books generally. IThe
commission began the compilation of an Index
.of Prohibited'books, but as they did not flish
their task, the Council referred the matter (.563);)
to the Pope. In conformity with this reference
Pope Pius V erected the Sacred Congregaltion
of the Index. To this Congregaition is conm-
mitted the tank of examining books and of pre-
paring lists of those that have been condelined,
together with framing rules to serve as a guide
to publishers, vendors-or readers of books.
Numerous editions of the Index have from 'time
to time appeared. That issued under Benedict
XIV contains entries of over nine thousand
books and authors; and prefixed to it are ten rules
sanctioned by the Council of Trent, which are
with some modifications retained in the present
Apostolic Constitution.
Rule t orders that all books condemned by
Popes or General Councils before 1515 are to be
reputed condemned.
Rule 2. Books of'apostates, heretics, clhisim-
atics, which defend heresy or schism, are iabso-
lutely forbidden.
Rules 3 and 4 relate to the versions of the
Bible and define the classes of persons to whom
the reading of the Bible in the vulgar tongue
may be permitted.
Rule 5 allows the circulation of books com-
piled by heretics, which do not professedly
treat of Religion.
Rule 6 relates to books of controversy.
Rule 7 orders that all obscene books be! abso-
lutely prohibited, because morals are easily

corrupted by the readuig of such books. Books,
however, belonging to what are called tile
classics, if infected with this taint of turpitude,
are, on account of their elegance and propriety
of language, permitted to those whose station
affords a reason but on no account unless ex-
purgatcd to he given to youths.
Rule S is upon the methods of expurgation.
Ilule 9 prohibits books, in which fortune-
telling, divination, magic and the summoning
of spirits ir taught.
Rule to relates to printing, introducing, hav-
ing.and circulating prohibited books.
Persons redtling prohibited hooks incur ex-
communication forthwith.
Such was the state of the question before the
publication of the present Apostolic Constitution
of Our Holy Father Pope Leo XIII. This
letter most opportunely reminds Catholics of
Biitish Hondurns, that dire conseqicniceus will
follow, if they slake their thirst for reading at
the poisonous fountains of heretical, obscene
and superstitious books. Thousands have been
ruined for ever by such reading in tile past and,
with the widespread influence of the Press, still
more injury will he (lone in the future. In an
unhappy moment a youth takes up a lad book
with no evil intention, lie reads the book aid
he heceinas a denier or a doubter of sacred
truths, or fill his mind and heart with impure
imaginings. It has done him far more perma-
nent harm than if the time consumed in reading.
had been spent in the company of some aba,.-
doned companion. Thee\ ili godlebs reading
is at the root of thousands of the worse crimes,
which have been perpetrated by those whose
mnilds had been poisoned by such literature.

may be had at The Angelus office,
from Jao. D. Burn.

( 76 )

the gospel over the heathen worJd, in spite of
CII ONICE the meagre details tlat have come down to us.
f HE S ED HEA Full of sad a painful interest too tare the
Slaves of the martyrs of the. first three centuries,
O' t'e ,E though the story, in the main, is compressed
44P within the space of the few days, when they
stood face to face with their ptrsectutors and,
a, after a crucl iintrrogatory, were condemned to
the most horrible tortures their judges could
invent. If people c.nlfind in the reports of our
crimiMilln trials mutich to engross their attention
ry KINCdooM om. ami win their sympathy; how much more should
'l ecral iiotiini pr)piosed tothe Associates they not le "moved by the accounts of the mar-
Tofthe Arpstleship' of Prayer as a sub ect tyrdoms of Lawrence & iixtus, of Vincent &,
for their prayers is that people may ta e Sebastian, of Agnes, Perpetua& Agatha ? quiet.- :
More Interest in the Lives of the Saints. ly but bravely, these heroes were conquering the
Sgrc-it Roman Empire. and, as victim after victim'
I-,liTH great reas-.n the Royal Prophet was sacrificed, the pagan world grew weaker
Ssays that God is 'wolndrful in His and weaker, until the Cross was exalted above
Saints; for though His nmis s nd- the diadem of the Cmsars.
Smtirallec througlut the whole earth, A great change had ieen wrought by God's
and in all tailings which are the work of His Saints and the civilized world was professedly
haids, yet it is especially in the souls and virtues Christian. To a great extent, however, it still
of Hi Saints that t.he omnipotence, wisdom remained a wicked world, in winch it %was hard
providence and goodc'es of God shine forth. to serve Gd; and therefore, those wh4 would
In the forintion of a msHb(lito, .ofa lie, of a live more perfect lives, withdrew from it, to hide
wornm God is wonderful, but much more iss in; themselves in the Egvptian Dysert, A new
glory seen in the ord er and the harmony with interest galhers around the lives of patent toil.
whiichl tile earth and the surroudinmi heavenly of peulace and constant prayer led by the
homlis move on in their appoMited courses. Yet Fathers of the Desert, Paul, Anthony, Hilarion,
in all these put together there is not such Simeon Etylites and a host of imoiks and hermits, t
grandler as Il the holiness displayed m the life who, ldurinlg the second loo year. of the Clristianl
of one of His Faithful servants. For here there era, malle those arid wastes blos-so with flov-
is something almve nature, an image and like- er. of sanctity.

Omess the Dvinity, b"ulght by the blood of Almnuo concurrent with these, were the more
rt... active lives of the great Doctors and luminaries
Nor ire the lives of the Saints wanting in of the Church, Athanasius; Hilary, Augustine,!:
human interest. Since the coming of Christ Jerome,the two Gregories(Nazianzen & Nytea).,
the best pages of the history of the civilized the two Cyril (of "Jerusalem & Alexandria,)
world have been written with the records of Ilasil tile Great, Ephrem,, John Chrysostome.
what Go's ioly ones have'dolne ndt the iuflt- These men were raised up by God to unmask
tace for good they have, exercised i upon their and de~tr*cy the ver;ius heresies. which gathered
ll .. round the Divine Person of Our Lard Jesus
lmteresting isthe account ft those Apostolic Christ, They had many a conflict with the
me", who were the first to spread the light of Roman Emperors, and much to suffer from the :

( 77 )

heretics, whose doctrines they attacked, but in
the end they triumphed; and for nearly a thou-
sand years those who called themselves Chris-
tians admitted the divinity of Jesus Christ
without restriction.
A new element had to be reckoned with,
when the harbartans hordes poured over Europe
iand took possession of the various Roman pro-
vinces. The imnperiil armies were powerless
to restrain or civilise them. The Benedictine
moniks became their Apostles, bringing them
beneath the yoke of Christ, instructing and
civilising them and changing those fierce war.
riors into peaceful.subjects of the Church. Their
regeneration was the work of Saints-the monks
of the West.
Even during the Dark Ages, when libraries
were burnt, monasteries were pillaged and when
all was turmoil and confusion, saintly, bishops
were raised up by God to keep alive the light
of faith and to prepare men for the revival of
leari ing and Christian piety.
This revival was brought about chiefly by the
Franciscan and Dominican liaints, who preached
in the cities of Europe, both by word and exnam-
ple, poverty, humility and mortification. Other
saintly men during the time were founding
religious orders for the redemlptiun of captives
from the Turks, whilst others again like Peter
the Hlermit, St. Bernard, St. Lewis of France
and St. John Capistran aroused the martial
ardour of Europe against these implacable loes
of Christendonm.

Church more children than had been torn from
her bosoim by Protestantism.
After this period we see the energies of God's
Saints chiefly employed in the oundling of
various institutions for education, care of the
sick and the relief of every form of human suf-
fering and mniN'ry.
Thus it will Ie seen that the history of the
Christian World has to great extent in its best
chapters heen made by the Saints. There
ought .then to be no lack of interest in their lives,
when we consider what an inportsiit Influence
for good they have had on the destinies of men.
Many have a prejudice against reading the
Lives of the Saints on account of the super-
tnatural element which appears in their lives;
but it is precisely the marvellous in ainy human
life, which adds interest to the ordinary events
of life. Those who accept the Ilille miracles
should make no difficulty in receiving ecclesias-
tical miracles, provided only there is sufficient
evidence of their having taken place, especially
as these supernatural powers were promised by
Christ to those who believed in him.
If we would study the lives of the Saints we
should have a clearer idea of what we are in
this world for, and should put before ourselves a
higher standard of Christian perfection. We
must pray then for a greater interest inl the lives
of the Saints both for ourselves and for others.
In them we have the more perfect models of
Our )ivine Saviour. The more we honour and
love t thethe inure we shall grow in the honour
and love of Jesus Christ, whose grace alone has

Bit with the period of the reinaince, there made them what they lire.
came a time when men grew found of pagan 0 snl s, through thle limacuslte heart of IMary,
offer Thee all the prayers. works. and ufferilngs it
ideals, became ignorant of the mysteries of their this day. for all the Intentions of Thy divine leart. In
faith and lost the Christian spirit. This was unlon with the Moly Sacrillle of tre Mass, In reparas
followed by the rotestant Reformio tion of all sins. and for all requests presented through
followed by the Protestant Reformation, and the Apostleship of Prnyer; and especially that we
for a time, rebellion against authority, sensuality may all feel more Interest In the Lives to the Ialate.
and uncertainty in belief were rampant. But iten del ril sore interest
God gave to His Church a galaxy of Saints, who a le dehemos teller r LA I.LCTURA De LAS
brought about a true Catholic revival, and with- VIDAS Do Los SANTOS.
in a few years by their conquests in the New El Romano Pontifitle cEuociendo el ggrf andao
World and in the Indies, gave back to the que produce Ia lecture do los malos libros, ade-

(78 )

In tdeio haber Illmadn la atenciolu rccientneente the surging waves, she appeared like a martial
'an una carta enciclic;t confinlnandl It s pena stleed bulicing over the plain.
er ,ts autrce oru eI, la Silla dc Petdro, quicire 'The sale ilihalitantn of Harrantco would not
que los S.ocios del Apostrlado tdie Ia Oracion be.outdonel by P'unta ( ruciguen al Divino Cnrazon dei Jesus. para que titons of love and welconle to their bishop. The
toque cl Coriazou, de I. hoinhres y ins iticiomli proce.ion tha t I off jubilant from the shaky
' ln lectira e cotie s I ns lre tlr a la tc- wharf to tie house of tIh ex-alca.le seemed like
turi tle vitdis de S.imto, qi haln sitl &iemre tlh triumplhat entry of a coiwquterr into Ihis
lodelos tde houestidllad, civilizacion y santid:ld. a;l(ive village. 'rhe girls cNarried poised on
La corrupcinn dte costumibres, In barbaric y sl their heads thi numerous pieces of baggage of
impiediad iunnca jamas ha tomnd" Itintas creces his lordship, whilst the boys chattered freely
colol en los tiemlpos on qoe vivivinos, fruto na- Inrounld. 'There is a deep innate conviction in
tural ie lns fuciites lde.corrupcion que pa!an te the ihart of the Carilb; that woimen0 were created
unas manos it otras. to work and iletn to talk.
SPongamlos puias all obstaculo it a a corriente is the C h
de 4erersidad colocaido en lan maull de todes, t. J.scph i the' ul iT iish the Chuirch ,
cSa Utillmhraras de cien.cia. virtid y a.ltitlad, t iadltilrco. Oil tha day the hJshop cn lirited
cual brilla cn las vida.iS dAe ios Sanitos y rogue- al titrihutd the Bread lo Aiigls to 7o pir-
inos al Divino Corazon, qtu de Id conoccr etI I .. The i9ti f March will not be soon
igrano bien qe ie sit lecture ved ria sobre fo[r.tii in IBtrranco. It was kept holy, with
S cietia d. all the s,,lenmuity that a cari. village is capable
Soc Jiuda. ll.llo of. The -fflltwin dl:iy the Astrea otnce more
O Jesus muilot! pir nusle d 0 Coritron lnaculado
de Marts aiutishms, os'orrer.x las oracloner. obran y iunirldied the papal flag to carry the lhishop to
Iraliajis lr pr.w'nte din, aira ilrirlrar lIs Oerlttias que ilew icld uf tabour. The shores of Redlcliff
s' i s hlaen. y pura las d 'iuli ntlenllunliinesi d vueuti ro
tagrando Corazun., partliulinRirent- per linanrs Inters wereI liied with. its ilhalitanits waving their
entas vlias de lo Sa;unio. Arl sea. hands in token ofaiticlx adlt Godxspeed. There
............ .- was no shaking of handkerchiefs; lbucause.the
:I IemS:COPAI: VSITATION. girl's skirt or the hoy's sleeve, according to
"." revered custlnit, iin.ilsuch better sulbtitute for
Sllr. IK t Retv4. S ficlr, c in ,,liti thiue iuitntts haiklkrchcf of the Caucasian
i ui M..ilkey River. reacllcl the
l31i1 all .s441. rs { ,unta Gordl race.
iA. 1 ite bilh hMarch. The wll The Astire reached thle mouth of the river
village turned out en ltnass to receive e t am- SarNto.n in the alfternooni. 1 'hen tiis Lordship
bas.salor of the Mos,.t ligh. Amidst the peals with his retitHn, page aIntuiaggage, were trans-
of Ibllsl, lii: kiissias of ring and the joyful cries ferffl from the Astrea the Sntll Maria,; the
et welcome, he was conducted 1to the Church, steamin-hanch ofi Mr. Cramer; Tile Sarstoot is
which now looks like a young tbride in the e no the dividtil line between Guatemala and British
dress she has received troini tle paiiuer' blrush. Ilonduras. It is a very pretty river. The
The f"oulIWitg day under the patronage of sceneries are simply grand. On the left rise
mt. Patrick, ucr zcIlous 'bishop set sail for aloft the bulky mountains of the neighboring
alrrani rc'fsiing to take in Punta Gordo a republic, and on the right a fertile forest of
much n" led rest. gigantic trees of varied shapes and form spread
SThe Aitrea unfolding her white sails to a their massive branches on all side. The lazy
Walkwoirble H whti disappeared behind Orange alligator is often seen basking in the sun ; the
Walk p'ilt. As she- gracefully skimmed over inuanas are clinibin, the trees!, nei, thep niAv

( 79 )

.arrot's shriek is often heard on both sides of
he stream.
At eleven o'clock at night the shrill whistle
f the little puffing steamer aroused the Indian
illagers of San Pedri. The village is situated
bout three quarters of a mile from the river on
rising ground. Men, women and children cnnle
o meet their bishop and do him honour. lie
wa< carried in triumph on the shoulders of four
strong Indians. A hody guard lsrrounded the
cortege, the women and children in their bright
costumes leading the way to the Church, sang
the Litanies of the Blessed Virgin.
Confirmation was administered on Sunday,
March 2t, and cso approached the Holy Table.
On Wednesday morning the Bishop landed
in Punta Gorda perfectly drenched from a couple
of tropical showers, which overtook him about

Santa Maria Point. The good hilhop lIked
worni out and fatigued. Still tliiat saie evening
15 hldianis came from San Antonio, 30o miles in
the interior, to carry his baggage and hiin.lf
to their village.
The next morning, March 25th all was astir
at an early hour iii the l'ailoral rueidenco of
Punta Gurda. Three Miasces were said in the
Church before aurora. Mr. Kuylen had charge
of the cavalry and Fr. Leib of the commissary
department. Before sunrise a cavalcade was
leaving Punta (ordl; for San Aiitonio, the hi-
shop's page having command of the rearguard;
the church and presbytery of Puntn Gorda were
lucked up; and the bearded Pastor of
Punta Gorda with valiie in hand boarded the
steamer Breakwater," which took hii safe to
Belize, where he is now giving a Mission in
the Cathedral.

Months. Barometer. Thrm. Psychrometer. Amn. Sky. Rain in Inches.
M., Mini Mai. Max, Min. Dry, Wetl 0Hw. Drectio. Quaity. A I C
January .. .25929. 3005 6 75 77 74 74 *9 NW-NE CS .N 5 7 367 *3'.i 6.0.
hy.... 3.2929. 0 89 7 7 7 75 695 NN-E C..N 6 0.71 2.16
March ... 329 29.72Z9.9S 87 i 79 8 76 7-26 SE CS 4 4-77 4.o4
April..... o. 9.329.97 87 7 2 83 77 7 73. E C.N 4 237 3*09
May ..... 3o.o'29.7729.( 91 74 84 8 o 76 76.7 E C.N 6 9 3.6i .9 .61
Juine.... C929. 4'9.- 93 73 857 8 81 76 7. E C.S.N 6 t6pto.zt3.9 8.72
uly ..... 3oo7!9. 9.95 92 73 3 84 o So 77.4 ENE .N.S 7 26S4.22 1.51 2.
Angnst .... 3o.o0729.84 |9o6 91 73 8 8o6 73 76. E .S.N 6 20 69733-734.09
Sept ..... 29.929.7529'86 92 74 85 87 Si 73 77.- E.S-N. I.s.Sk 5 i6 k i26. 6 1.8
October... 3o.o029.74 9.f9 9t 7 3 83 85 So 76 .7 W-N-E C..N 7 151 6.2', ft.8i4.47
Nov ..... 3o.o 9.75 29. 88 72 S 82 79 85 77.0 ENE C.N.S 7 2 7.44 .34
Dec ..*.. 30.21 29.8230.o4 86 64 75 76 74 89 7s.6 NNW .N 6 4.72 2.45

wished a snnnnary of the observations taken during (all and temperattire of Puerto nslrrlos which Iles to
1896; but in it there was a niirtake which we now the south-east of lrilrih lHonduras. not fInr roin
Scorrect. March 18910 ws printed by error for 1816. PunLt Ourda. The total rainfall dnurlng 18. 1896.
The only way In which It affected the yearly average 1896 was respectively 10US1~. 122.02, 1.8.41i Inches, all
was with regard to the q y and the qantt number of considerably above the rainfall of Belize during
days of rain. The quantity Is now Increased by 4.019 those years.
Inches and the frequency of rain by 6 days. In other The rainfall of March 1897 in Itelite has been so far
respects the remarks made In ebnrwry summary hold (29Ith) under two Inches. 11 Inch falling on the Ist.
good for this the actual summary. The 24th was unusually hot. the thermometer from
We have received through the kindness of Dr. Carl 10 a.m. tll 6 p tn. never failing below 91.

( 80 )

S,' (r o of Mltoorolohgicatl Ohbsrv'attiotH during the Imonth of February, 18.17.

.. .... | ... _... y hro.. elr. A ni -oneter Sky
S aj.1".M vtn" .. In n r IeW Direction Ine Qtality
i ax. 'i .I_ .an... I .I... Iry Ax t..l

30 I 1 .1 41, 74 (I ml '71 (ii 11i) 4 n W- E .' 2
I :. 21. i 78 i 72 i 70 7i 1 .4 N- E 'i

3. 9 1 '' 1 -! 7 II I ; 7 :,. i ;NE ll
"I :.I .'> 3 "'r2 ^7 7 81 4 1 I ;7 l l 7.1.0 s K 1.' 208i
, .:. ;7..' ; ";4 M 66 77 91 -I I 71 7" ; I I ZI l I !
*s | l. ;7 8 ,ti ~.7 E 1 :

.) "i .l:ll i 84 75 rl 63 1-177 I 7;.0 NE 4 : k I
. 3'o .: I t s 7i i 84 1 7 I.7 ESK .
S i.I4 I .85 .t I 78 83 8 77I ~'' 72.4 5 ES Sk I
S. .! )1 77 l i 8-I 78 71.0 K Sk 3
S'30.01 10.1 o i.7 8 s- .- 71 7o 73.4 'N. EN 6 It
.u1 7i;.4 .L L 77 i 3 7 ; 78 7,2 74.*l ES s k 3 5
i 0. 1 .1: 14 7714 3 81I 77 4 SE sk I34
2 .01) 2t.l i .t") 'l ':4 78 83 83 78 74i 74*.7 E O 5
I21 2i, .!l, .:. 2.:1 0 77 8 7 74 74.7 ESE 0 2
2 .2 :1 ;77I 821 4 78 72 74.0 SE .01
2 2l .12 i h .8r, 8. 78 I S 8 I 78 2 8 474.0 SE 1O I
4 S !t .I 'i ,.| 78 1 s IM 7 72 75.1l EE I C 8
4 > .1 Ii .:1 i 7i 8 :1. s4 7 I 7ii 1 75.7 1 S I CS
24 1 ;ltll 31.4) 3(l.:i. |i s5 714 4i )8 I 78 I 80 75.3 NNE CS 3,4 .30
7 .17 I .12 i! S 7: 7 i s 75 i s 7.t NN ; N 1s 0.50
8 .1; 08 .12 77 68 73 I 72 71.3 N NS 9h 2.71

: '--H I I 7 1 __ -_ 3

wehr : I S -l,'3 18,!1-1H896 wralh 7 1r.
2lariiter 10.113 The above summary further shows, that the North
'IT'hrllomweter. 77 77 wind bronglht rain. 'IThe rapid fall In the Barometer
t'"11. .... SE. ENE-ESE fromn the 2rntt il the4th1 only portended etrongSouth-
Il2iy d.ays 9 East winds, which we had on 8lio 41h and 11th. Again
in4li of rain 2.0 1.77 from the )171 )o the 25th the winds were strong. Frown
it will I' II 'n fronm ih avt'erag.. given In tile above thle 11th to thle 1li5th there wan a haze over the distant
it)'nnary i thalt il the, Iv'erage. readings of Februnry horizon. which was more marked In the morning,
187, e tlUnroimieter I inttuih i1low and the ThIermo- thonlgh oontlniilng more or lea throlgholt the day.
alller O,.iwhbo 4rr oClipr ftrlmr reno'rd, whlst the rain- Until the lnst two days the humidity of the air
fuill II al y tht averalgI. quantit'lly. tilolghl there were never roce above 80 per cent, 100 being the point of
A,444 li rainy dayc. saltratlon. 'Though the weather was fine and dry,
A a general rle, In oullr dlimalte, a high tempera- there were several eases of malarlal fever, but we
r, gots along n'th a low atmopherle pressure and have not hearul lo any fatal oase.
1"re goes "Ilong wttb a low atmospheric pressure and have not bearil of any fatz'ese, .


5th month MAY 1897

lia i hI Sun rines Sun t I >1'
it6h. and VICARIA'TE CALKNIDAR pie I inl
Week II. M. II. ci. ennlla-

1 S.S. '.N. Philip and Jamu., Aplistlett. S 3.5 4 2114
2 SN. 2nd after Easter.-St. All:inaPsi l, B.<'.l).(A.D. 373.) Gosp. St 6 35 i 2
.lohn x. 11-ll: 'In.: (;ood Sheplherd.
3 M1. F tindq 'i heh C;rss, (326). A .1 2 1 4 nt.
4 1. St. lMninha W. (37). : ;31 6 26.
5 W. St. Pins V.. I'.C. (1572). :134 t i l. <
r Th. Sf John before the latin (Gaie. (9 5) 5 33 i 42;
7 F. First Fridaly.-St. Sianisllai. B.l. (1079), 5 32 ; 2!7 M
8 S. Apparition of St. .tilinel, Archangel. a5 21 274 -<
9 Sn. rdi after Ealter,-PATrINAK or'T. .IKP. St. John xvi, 5 31 6i 28 )
I 1-22: .oy after narrow.
II) 31. i Sl. Antoninln. lBp., C. (1415). ~ i l4 I .a
I11 St. tFranci,.Irromi. C. (17;1H). B5 30 11 2 a4 i
'2 W. i S.. Nerenla and Companions. Martyrr, (9R). 5 il li 21
:13 Th. i SS. CletuI and Mnrawrllin ,. PP.. MlM. 5 214 7l 29J
14 F. ISl. lMark, 1.vangelist. (.(i ). bi 24 6 2114j
f, S. St. Leo I, Pope, Confesoc, Doctor, (46I). 56 2 4 :3) A
.15 Su. 4th after Easler.-Gopel, St..Iohn xv,6-14: Chrlat.promisca 5 2 4 30 A ()
the Comlnorlpr..
17 1I. St. Pashalh BIaylon. C. (1592). 6 29 :1. '4 "
19 T. OInve of St. 'rancis .Jrnme. 5 274 f1 304
19 W. St. I' ier (elestine. P.C. (2l9i1). 6 27 it 34 '
20 Th. FI. HBernrdline of Sienna. C(. (1444). a 27 i 3.1I !
21 F. St.John Nepomruene, Martyr, (1390). 5 21 4 a 314 1
22 8. St. Venantliu, Martyr, (250). A 214i 6 32
23 Sn. 5th after Ealter.--S. Andrew Bohola,q S.T.,1..(.1657). Gospel. 5 211 6 324 A (
St. John xvi. 23-~10: Ask In the name of J.leu and It shall
24 MI. Our Lady. Help of ('hlritiana. Rogatlln Day. 5 26 4 324 d.
25 T. St. Grenr' VII. P.O.. (lofS). Rogalion Day. 5 26 4 :;1 A
26W. S. Phliip' Nerrl C. (155). Rngation Day. 1 26 H 3.1
21 Th. Asrcr.rron or O1R Lol;. 5 254 fl 3 t.
28 P. 5t. Augnitilne. Apostle of Engllnd, (601). 5 2n4 lt CI
29 R. FS. UhalduN, Bishop, 'i1ll)). 5 265 4 351 e
SC Sn. Within the Oeftae of the Ascension. Gospel. St. .ohn xv, a2, 5 251 6 36l r
27: xvl. 1-4: The Ihrtinony of the Holy Ghost.
31 M. SLt Angela Merlcl, V. (14M). 5 2115 36W er*
Ahbhrriatio(nn-Ah.Abhnt. Ap.Apostle. Bp.Bishnp. C.Confensor. D.Doetor, Ev.Evlngellst, K.Eipress,
F.Founder, K.King. M.Marlyr, P.Pope. Q.Queen. V.Vlrgin. W.Widow,
SN' w Moon, ) First Quarter, (~, Full Moon, 1 Last Quarter.

( g2 )


h nolon ote page 82 The Governor's reception in Orange Page
o nl d Colon Not Walk S
MOrnla V ltin 'f te h 83 Chr1nl1le of the Sacred Heart 7
IIt. riev. S ,)il'pt ro. Vicar Apo). (elItiones del Primner Congress
Hiiorial Sketch of tile Catholic 9 Anta:onio -'.
,%ision in Brill Honldura. 87y Oerma ion 1
IlSppiness ind Unhappiness 91 only Ob

Slthe liloy on April 5, 6. aid 7. Ae ietomned as lthe
MONT'''I Y Oil" Father has been to the crowded churchesi of the
U Lnited States lie most have heen iimerwhat disap-
-poinled at the comparatively smntll niuHlber wino
MyETEOHImairAtitC.. : attended the Miision. Those who came spoke very
prevlols ohbsrvation for May give the following highilv of the Exercisec given. The good effects of
averages: ithe Mission were felthowever and shoi n hv the largn
eFraom 1 to 194 18 nuitnlers who attended the Cathedral during Holy
Farm 18e to 2H 1 29.90 29.90 Week and the increase In the Paschall Comuninnions.
Thermometer 82t 5n 8 84
Wind F E t ThIIe Ritual of lnlly Week. so s imnpl and yet As
talnydays 7 rain 2.12 t Tilml6 in iIts i.sigilicanote. wants arrld not this lyear
Inlrches o rain 2.13 ...W 3..l i in Belize more ailly and erIinIrately than ever before.
lilenr duringg NMay tI nmlay *er tXi the wind chiefly j'To help ithie .acrcd 'services two J.lenit Fathers fortl-
trnm F. aloiit inlces of rain. falling diirlilg 7 dalys nately arrived on April 5 Ily l he '* lreakwiater" from
In Ilk hand IHAIher olservationns were. taken at 10 and 'ew Orliiuiis--Fr. Hnry W1olte a native of Holland
4. ihliad of al 6, noun and ias p revloiily. sandi Fr. GUnna an Italian. Will thIlse priests came
ElA L. also a teacher r for t.. John's College,. el'v. Philip
.E.l.. e l iinnu an(' la vliitiher. |Br. Daniel O'i.eary. Fr.
1. HIlidnayvsfr tlle l'llc aend PrvateSchools begin. e(onna lpreached thr T'rid uiiii during ihe frlst, three
24 Qneen Vietoria's biirthdany kept aca Public Hull-" days of Holy Week. Wll.rrs tle I'assion itsermon
day on the day pIrolalined. ouln anlndy 'Ihbursday. whillt Fr. Antillach on hood
31. Ite-openling of the 'Putcll and Private Schiools Friday ipracheld tbe 'lThre IlourIand Fr. Charroppin
and of St. .ihhn's College. onl the Sollitlde of Our Latdy.
4. MSeIrin o l l I)f te ietret Bonrd Ilrll, ze Our thankstire pailicilarly due to thei hoir for the
II. MrUeting of the Etdiucaton Board, Belle". Ialnstaking 'are m ith which they prellpared and sain
Etc''L .v.ASTIcAl.. tthe appointed iitlrle and to iMr. ltlis CITuvan for a
May Devotions every evening during the intutfh very handsonie Pas -hal candlestick and candle pre-
at 7 p tl. sented Ito the Cathedral.
24, 25. 26 Iogation Days. I.ltanles before Mlass. -
21. Ascension Dlay. lilgh MaSs. Al Stann .'reek the Holy Week was well observed
according to the Lersser Rile, aid the Church was
---... .. -,- -- thronged to overflowing on I'alil Sunday nnd on
fl VIt'.'i'jS. ood Friday for the morninEg service and for the
COLONY NOTESI. procession of theI ertlierre at night. 'The Paschal
Scoimmnions during the last fortnight of Lent nunm-
.- fa i bered nearly 300.
.- IS year there Is a relaxation of the.un- On Easter Tuenrday a Tea-party was held in the
Sreasonalhle : iluaraniln. which is usually Catholio schoolroom to help lie fund for the rebuild-
Senforced by New Orleans against the ing the Church. As there was a Tea-party at the
porti of Itritllsh Honduras from Ist May i Weseyan school on thesame day. It wan thought that
ious Novemerber. As tlon as there a no it wo"ld be pecuniartly a failure, but thanks to Mr.
rdentl oir elpienil slickness in litidle passengers, Valeriano Knylen who kindly took on himself the
idF good n phe ital and having t a medal er iln'cate whole care of the preparation, more than 200 attend-
Nefw Orlean., Il be taken by the mail steamer to ed, everybody was well satisfied and $70 was put to
w O the credit of the church fund. The District Coal-
A "-- mitsiaoner. Mr. Alexander Porter attended with his
Charge mentioned In oUr list number, Father C. M. lady, and in a few appropriate words opened the
ian. Pin b'an a MSnlon for men on Sunday, Party. The ladies who assisted at the tables were
"tr "ib wh he followed np with a Tridutn for Mrs. Genico, Mrs. Knylan and Miss Antonia Tenrelra.

( )


.'e. nv -iV.
I r. KV. S.I)PJT'l]l; )O,s,..i.,
^^ *. ^ BRI'l'lRTISil IONDUIlAS..

O(N 3rd February the Bishop left Belize with
his page in lhe Breakwater" ffr Stanni Creek
II begin his\visitatlin o(f the siuti hrn coastofthe
Cliny. lie hal agreed with Mr. A. Rice to
nmle him there, Ito sign tlie contract fr tlhe
hbtilling of an almost new church with it is
inllctied to buili iln Stann Creek. Oni the day
agreed, 2;th February, the builder came and,
after a careful cxaminatioIln of the actual state
If ithe present church, taking notice of what
was good and solid, replacing, altering and
enlaiging the rest, remlainled convinced that for
$2,000 lie could make sIuch a rustolatiIlon i
wold give the appearance of a niew church
and would he in great part niew inl the materials.
A lass-inceting of the people was called together,
as we have already noted in the April number of
IThe An gelus, and it was settled that about the
0oth April the work of building the new church
.h i.. .

isade. Tlihi: .c.oo11 l Itulils ;: thillil.l e ol tile 111
of whlvol In(lo than 40 at Itnld eIcularly. wiho ale
cla.sed accl.rlii g tot. six st ilardans if tlh Cile.
On he :t th t h of the inIth. ii spite l thel heavy
rain which felll all the.ioiriniiig, there t,.;k place
the uConfirmtation of 4 children whlii, were well
prepared and tlhe ihurit wias atteUniile by all the
Catllihlics f t ile place. In thtev cv'illg tle bRish.-p
visited tile Sullnlav-schlo l,. thell tlhe itiiiflaternitlly
of tile Rosary. vwlich llnnctl.i rcilaily l v ul'y Sull-
day, adl at nlitht after a farewell sernnion he gave
the epliscipal blessing wishing tio all the pe.ipie
perseverance ill the gi Ind work they lha.l begui.
Next (lay lie left for Stann Creek Ito Ipasb A'sh
WVednesday thrie.'
STANN CRIE.K. Altniigh thrllugh a milake
they hlad 1n't received (lue Iin1tice 1'lthi(' lay Ion
which Confirmaliins wonild he given in Slann
Creek, yet 45 weru eciifIirimId ,ni Ash Wedn.esday,
March 3rd. Tih Hiship. after having assisted
at the blessing ani iimplsitiin of ahiI s ans ild at
thle sutln Mass IIhkhli follonwld, was vested in his
pioitifical roblis alil Iprilreedicid t aldmilnister the
Sacrannelt ill l)renI e of a laige iiinI'umbr of Ca-
tholics who had a:,lnle t, Ibe present at the cerc-
mInly. Before administering Confirmation lie
delivered an interesting discourse, cxplainilg to
godlparents the grave responsibility whicl they
incurred with regard to their godchlihlreni anil
their duty of watching over lie purity ol their
faith and morals.

101 tgI).I RK;AI.AIA. IOn account of the stl'olng bllre his
AMlt.t.tS IRIVR. On the 26th his Lordship Lordship could noIt leavc on llte day following,
left Stalin Creek fur Mullins River, the first sta- and only on March 5tlh did lie sail from Stann
lion Inamed in the programme of his visitation. Creek, going to Regalia by way of Site River.
Received by the school children and the rest of' He was most kindly welcomed by Mr. and Mliss
the people on landing, he at once began his pas- Halliday, on arriving at Regalia about sunset. He
toral visitation, notifying the people of what he did not go to the church that same evening onl
was going to to during his three days of stay account of its distance and because the people of
amllngst them. It was very satisfactory to see the the neiglhtotrhood, who in considerable numbers
increased atteiidarce at all the morning and had assembled the day before to meet the Bishop.
evening services, tle large number of confessions had gone home to await a fresh notice of his
and cotmllunions, the regular assistance of the coining. For the same reason there were very
children at school and the progress they had few to hear Mass next morninigll, but when the

__ _~______~_ _. __ _____._

( 84 )

n had spread that tihe Bishop had come to and respect which the people manifested toward
newgala. peope came from the various hanks their prelate. Almost all attended the meeting
along the river in such numbers as to keep his in the Church, and received thle Sacraments of
Lordship well occupied during his stay in Regalia. Confession and Communion. On March t ith,
On the 7th of Mar(h. the first Sunday of Lent. 23 received the Sacianlent of Coilirmation, and
St. Bernard's chapel was too small for the con- in the evening, thcre was a general meeting of
gregalion who had come from the neighbourini all the people to raise the funds necessary for
sttlementS. Among those present was the building a new church, Icaving tile actual one
founder of the chapel, Mr. Bernard Cramer and lor the sole use of the school. The same day the
family. The nninhrr of Communnions, Confirmna- Bishop visited the school and was well satisfied
tions, Baptismls and Marriages proved yet again with the number of children who frequent it.
the great necessity there is that the Sitece River They arc nearly all from the same place, and yet
should be well attended by a priest, especially as mount up to ;6 names on the roll and more than
the 2oo Catholics who live at its Binks show a 40 attend daily.
lively desire to see the Father, hut above all it is
necessary to help them to resist the repeated in- MONKIY RIvIlt. On the 12th he left for
vitations, which they receive from Protestlant Monkey River, where lie arrived after two hour,
Ministers to attend their churches for want of a Journey. He was llmuLh sun praised at hearing that
Catholic Minister. There' is also very much need the people had received no notification of his
of a Catholic school to bring up our Catholics coning. A Iletr had been sent, but through
alight. Many of our children little by little are some delay in the Post, arrived late. The ringing
tha:iging their religion onl. froni assisting at lie of thle blls, however, soon gave notice to the
Protestant school. llut we are without the funds Catholics that their Prelate haI arrived. He was
and the masters neeldd, to multiply new schools warmly welcomed to the house of Mr. St. Martin,
along the rivers and coast of the Colony. His whose daughter at present is the schoolmistress
Lordshipwent to All Pines on the l8h and thence of tlie Catholic school. That evening he preach-
to Seinle Hight where le arrived onu the evening ed tlme opening sermon. A great number of the
of the same day. families were absent, having gone t the various
SKINK BIlwr. The inhabitants were waiting btnks up the river, which produces a marked di-
for the Bishop, ,1o the shore in front of the m inution il the number of children attending
Church, with arches, flags, guns and all ready to school. Almost all the Catholics who were in
receive him on disembarking; but the Captain of Monkey River received the Sacraments, and on
the sloop, judging that the wind was too strong the 14th, the Second Sunday of Lent, Confirma-
to land safely at the appointed place, cast anchor tion was given to 23 candidates who were pre-
about a mile't, distance from it, at a place where sented. On the night of the t5th, Fr. Leib ar-
he thought it easier to go ashore. When the rived i" the Mail Steamter, as had been previous-
Bishop was now arriving in a very small boat at ly arranged. His Lordship together with this
the shore, by the bad management of an inex- Father left Monkey River ot the t6th for Punta
perienced sailor, he was within a little of being Gorda in the Astrea, a sloop expressly sent by
lpset through the boat being run full speid M1r. Cramer. They arrived in the evening and
against a post which had been set iut by the shore. were joyfully received by the inhabitants of the
Sbad result, however, followed the accident, town.
Ald after a good walk along the beach, his Lord- RlnCLtIF. After a day's rest, the Bishop left
byhip rr ved at the Church, where 'e was recured again for Redcliff, the last settlement on the coast
Sthe people. Many were the tokens of affection of the Colony. Although the hour of their ar-

rival was late, lih wished to meet the pclph in communicate directly with the Fatherls u ac-
the church at 9 o'clock at night. lie gave them court of speaking ani idiom entirely unknown to
the plan of his visitation and told then that the them and have to lie instructed through an1
inth of the month was fixed fur the adnltinistra- itillrpreter, yet they crowd to the clhutch, and
tion of Confirmation, as that was the feast of the puss many hours therein daily or waitlig outside
Patriarch St. Joseph, the special ipatron of their it for their turn to make their confes.ionts or to
village. OnI the following day, they ball ti assist at tire baptismls aild Imlariagies, which tie
prepare for tie celebration of tihe feast. The Falher celebrates. On this occasion, aholtt '(x)
church was decorated, confessions were heard went to confession, 16p received conllllitlioni, S
and the chillreu were instructed. The loth, baIptisms were malde and 6 marriages, all which
after the Mass in which Couiituniion was givenl, occupied the Father many hours on account of
the few children who were really for the Sacra- the dilnicult) met with, in instructing tlihe. On
inent, receive.l Cotfirmtnadon. 0 til the evening nd, 41 citidid;tesl, between children atnd
of the same day, lie whole people went out in grown up people, received C(.tiliinaiiilio, aid
lpEccssion with the Bishop to the cemetery; ol tlie tmarrliages were nmltde. It is a giet cotnso-
their return they held a gecral meeting of the Iition to be able to say that among this popula-
people to decide how to bulill a new Pries:'s tion of Soo souls,' there ire nly two uiinmarried
house. as the old one was ill a tutlblc-.lown state. couples, and these have tlade a promise to
All agreed to tile proposal to build a new house. marry at the Father's lext visit.
On the Wotll, after Mass, they gut ready for the The school which reckont over So children
journey; atnd at midday the Bishop left on the was visited by his Lotdship the Bishop accom-
same Astrca for the bar of the Rio Sarst.uon. pallied by the alcildes and principal people of
Here they changed for the steamer, which had the place. The upper standalrlads were examined
beet sent on purpose from :anl Pedro, where and hi Lordship congratulatedl the people on
they arrived at 1 at night, having such a good sclhiool. showing thiem the
SAN Pl'.cno, SAHsrooN. Int spite of the late need of sending those few children who dld not
hour, no sooner did the whistle of the Steamer attend school, and made lheil p)lOutise to assist
antnoutnce the Bishop's arrival, than ilearly all the school by paying regularly the school fees,
the Indians came down to the water-side with or in money or in kind.
lights, music and gestatory chair, and forming The procession of entrance into their village,
in procession proceeded him for the distance of which could not take place in all its fuluess on
nearly a mile to the village church. There account of the late hour of arrival of the Ilishop,
after a moment of prayer, the Ilishop gave the was made up for on his depaitture. Nearly all
people thanks for having watched for him so the people joined the procession and with musiic
long, and, giving them his blessing, sent them and singing proceeding the Bishop, who was
home, after fixing upon the day following for seated in a grand chair especially made for the
the opening of the visitation. The Cramer occasion, and borle on the shoulders of eight
family, who had been expecting him, received Indians in turn, they wended their way to the
him into their house and gave him during his river-sile. There, before going on board the
stay most cordial hospitality. Steamter which was to take them as far as the
On the following day, the tast, he began the bar of the River, his Lordship bade farewell to
visitation with Mass, at which nearly all the the people giving them sonme last advice andl
inhabitants of.Sarstoon assisted: The Catholic ending with the episcopal benediction. He left
spirit which amninatea these poor Indiana is much at midday and after six hours arrived at the bar.
to be admired. Although they are unable to There an open l sloop awaited hini to make the

S( s86 )

e" b pntla Gorena. During the nightI blessed them from his heart and sent them to
,heourey b. anty prolonged rain, and at S rest again, leaving till (he morrow the opening
there 1as n ay hi Lordship arrived at p'nnta of the visitation. During the following days
ura,t hor iig y wet through. Confessions were heard, Marriages prepared,
GorS Ath"OIro( There remained vlet aluothr Iaptisms adminiisteled anld the scoliulvisited.
s l titlee leut to be visited, San Antojnio. Since several years attempts have been made
siituwted n"ing the hills.which separate Gilate- to penl a Catholic School amongst them, hut
inla froln'the Colon ly. It i' about 30 miles with little success. Last Januai'y, however, a
from pI'llit Gorda. Oin i tlh of March, under new master was sent to them, who hy his kindly
the protecli"o of the Annunciation of )Our Lady, manners gained the affections of the Indialns;
the Iisld"p, accompanied by Fr. Leib andl Mr. and now there arc lo8 children on the roll if tle
Enigenli' Kiylen, who kindly offered to guide school, of whom 106 were present at the visit.
their journey, set out at 6 a.m. for the highlands The building heing inmall for such a number of
of the West. Arriving at Sefnor Toro's hlnk children, the proposed that the school
alho.t 4 in the evening, which is about six miles should be enlarged, that they should open new
from San Antouio, they met tle first group of windows anld increase the number of benches
people sent out to welcome them, a number of atnl desks. All this the parents agreed to and
children, who with l hanners and flags led themi' on promisedd to dui it as soon ais possible.
their journey. After some slight refreshment On the 28th, 68 received Contfirmation and So
taken at the house of Sefnor Torn, they contin- Coummunions. whilst there were 30 Baptisms
uir their journey climbing upl the hills, which and 6 Marriages. The Bishop'was very much
separate tihe Indians from the low-lying land ., consoled by the abundant fruit which his visit
It l llsee as though following their old customs to the Indians of San Antonio had produced,
these Indians prefer to live apart from all and with grateful heart, on the following day,
civilisatinii at the summit of the hills, the gtlh lie iegan his return, journey and reached
During the fatiguing ascents, they were inter- l'mita (Gorda ill the evening. After having
ested by the different groups of boys and girls spent a few hours in the little chapel of Toledo,
who kept arriving, and, at the foot of the last said Mass and given Confirmation to the very
illl, they met the chief grmop of the population, few who were presented, he resumed his journey
who with flowers and flags, with guns and to complete the last part of the programme of
music were ready to give the first receptions to his visitation in P'unta Golda.
their Bishop. From this i oint the procession PUNTA GUODA. On P1assion Sunday, then,
moved slowly tI tlhe last of the 42 creeks, which after the Mass during which about too commlu-
have to be crossed to reach San Antonio. iicated, le at once proceeded to administer the
Here begins lthe village consisting of nalut 200 Sacrament of Coufirmatiomn to the 49 candidates
houses, which are spread over six small hills to presented, and at Inight his Lordship finished
form tile settlement, the whole surrounded by the work of his visitation with solemn Hencdic-
as manly higher hills, covered with trees and tion of the Blessed Sacraien.t. After a rest of
making i bhck-groiulld th te sene. rThe ring, three days, the bishop took the Mail-steamer,
i:g of bells, the firing of guns and the bursting the Breakwater," on Thursday apd arrived
forth of uliusic, formed by harps, guitars, violins in Belize on the morning of the 9th of April..
and marimblua' announced that the Blishtlp ha ad The list of the ministerial woik done during
clme. All went to the church, and after some the visitation is as follows :-Settlenments visited
praye~r- his lordship gave thanks to the people to; Baptisms S ; Marriages 17; Confessions
ytherl rrceptiu tlhey had given him, 750; Communions 560; Confirmatioun 290.

( S7 )


J1R8. In the begiiinig of z18J after the
visitation of the Vicar Apostolic, Very Rev. Fr.
IThllnimas Porter, whio bd come to the Coloy for
the last time. Father IIartell received Lettel
from Very Rev. Fr. General aippointiatg hins
Superior of the Miission. lie entered io his
police 2lal February, Fr. Uil'iecro being ldputedt
to visit tlle licizu River. Whilst the new
Superior, who was of a plethiric habit ofl hly,
wa~ lhi.s irst visitation j i the moith of
March, he was e truck dolll by du liriol;
lii jiiournly aund was brought back sick to lelize.
For maIiiiy days lhe was tonly hil:f con1scioutl lltid
'after that lie remained for siole tilice out of hisi
mhind. As the Missiol was without a head rc-
course was had to tlhe old Superior and tilh
Fathers begged him onl accouil'tof tlie difficulty
of communication with Roilme, to take on him-
self the direction of the Mission, until a1 new ap-
poiititlmet should be nade by Father General.
It pleased God however to restore thle sick manl
so lar that he was able in thi month of May to
resunell his work as Superior. Fr. Di L'ietro was
then able'to avail himself of the leave granted
him by Father General, anld left oan l4th June for
Europe to'seek for Sisters and tMlisioners andl
to collect money. lHe easily found tile Sisters.
For as sool as lie arrived at New Orleans he
saw tile Rev. Mother of the Sisters of Mercy,
and after two conferl'eces with her, it was arraung-
ed that six Sisters should go to British Ionduras
on his return from Europe. Four Fathers were
granted to the Mission by Very Rev. Father,
General, Fathers Pozzi, Chiarello, Piemonte
anld Ansehnl Gillet. As to the money several
thousand dollars were collected to meet thie
oceds of the Mission.

Ill lhiineanwhliile, Fr. lihrtell hIlad bc" re-
callet! it thie mnth of Auusti, his comllitiulirll
not heii liltcld:to hear the ltl)irs of the Ni,-
sioill, iand Fr. Jos.eph Simallwoodl took charge of
tile NMi.siioni, until thle clectitol of a new Superior.
Fr. Dil'ieto returned firomt EI-urope ill I Dcetll-
ber with Fr. i'icmontu aid Mr. L.ardelli wilho
had comea to teach children i llthe;Miissini. In
the pIrecutlinll monthly Fathlers- I'Poi aidul Auistcli
Gillct hl.l nl-iittly cinc.
1H83. Fr. Dil'ictro hian l.eiin iiai miidifl
Slupleior of thie MiF andl, on Suliitay 7111
J.iiltuary, lhe give the IlPapal cllmenvdction by fva-
culty received fromi the Pope ill peri.on, dtl riig
tle pirecediig year. en whe wai w .ist;vi n in Roln.
'The new Fathers were thus distributed through
the Miission: Fr. pi-elnllite was placed with lFr.
llcnry Gillct ill Coozal, Fr. I'ozzi went to visit
liuntai Gordln aiid Fr. Atsiiliii Gillet with Mr.
Lrdellli taught the school children in llelize.
The zoth of J;atllury w v;ia a mnernorailte day in
llec history .f tlhe Missioll on accouiit of tile
coming of the Sisters of Mercy. For many
years, the Superiors of the lMissioll lli tlhught
of sending for then tit utndertake the educ:ilion
of the.girls, but for want of money they coull
not carry out the wishhes of the people of lelize.
At list ill tle iprecediing year, as has been al-
ready said, all arralngementc i was made with tile
Superior of the Sisters of Mercy inl New Orleans,
and sevcln of them left that city aind cnie to ius
on this day. Already before their cmning,
money had been collected to provide a home
for Iheim and all t1,at was necessary.
The ladles almd gentllemen of the town haI all
things ready to receive them when tle news
care of lthei arrival inl the harlour. At once
tile Superior with soei ofl the chief persons of
the town went out to lirilng thn l ashore. 'The
Catholics were overjoyed at their coming, whilst
others were struck by the novelty of their ap-
pearance, yet received them kindly. As they
wore a black veil it front of tleir faces, some of
the coloured people were thinking that they

( 88 )

Sno faee until the windblew aside their veils, worn out by labour, he fell sick at Stann Creek,
S., atie were heard to cry out in wonder and afterwards being taken to Belize died there
, Se. see they have faces." Accompanied ly a peaceful death on ztst April after fir-
Seeet crowd they went first to the Catholic tilled by the Sacramentst, at the iae o(f 63. Ills
Church ai d after a shril exhortation to the body was laid hlsids the grave of Father Avvaro,
iople inasle by the Superior of the Mission, and as shortly before his decrease te had begged
elliedictiol of the Blessed Sacrameta was given money from Bclgiun lu heuild a new Residence,
and they pr edtled to the house which had been as soon, as it arrived it was devoted to erecting
l repirtl for them. it house at Staln Creek asd to furnishing all that
On the followiiig day, which was Siuday the iwas cicessary for the health of those who dwelt
Sisters were plresmnt t Ililgh Mass all there therein, as a imenorial to the deceased Missioler.
ywvs a large congregation to see them. The Su- In July Fr. I'arisi started to visit the Bilize
perilr gave a sermon oln the benefits which the River, near whose alinks are living inure than
city would receive from their schouts and the 3ioo Callolics. This is the portion of the Mis.
tictxday they be.ganl without delay to leach the Isioll~ which is tie moire toiil(,lnc holibe cause
gills in tile parochial and selecl sclhepns. Every the dilliculty of thle l'juriney .i well as oil ac-
lda the itultrber of school-chilhrent increased cit.itl iof tile want iof all Ilthose things which ie
anld wlien hi tile folwg yelwi yar they hegal tio re(iuired for iprtperly sinpportiiig life. As we
teach alih tle iyis ofill the llaroltchial school, !ot11lt are wit holt (liads, the jourCney hln tlo lie illide
4o0 chitlren were Hatertliigil their schools. iy river, which t11 many pliacl hls hardly sulli.
This saline year in tlhti monttli of Iehlrntary a ci vtl walker to carry the light skiffs called pitpalit",
tnhl-shtlool for lying muen was ,opelmed at 7 p1 i. which traverse it. T'en orr iore days lhy water
In the lic nitiung, ilman ytoulig iIuen attended liut iareu retired to reach the end of this lissiUti,
lpally f(rol their- illcomisilcy, partly fro' m their dlringl which tlihe tle Missionary is leini
lsiti'hes in preparlii their lessios, after t month carried ilup tIe river in an olpen pilltpii. Altlnt.
it hadll totie closed. o sjclelients have to he visited into wlich our
in the same year Fr. I'fn.yi, whov had visited Catholic opullationt is distrillnteil. In ill these
the clacli Inians in IS SX, paid them anilher there are certain little stations, which are called
viit aid wihh aiich spiritual bueiit to those poir chapels and afford hospitality to) the Missioner.
lndiat, wh, v though Ihnllgering for the breaqul of A s soon as he enters thle settleunnt fill meet to-
CIlristiau doctrine, have no one to break it to getlher in the chapel, hear Mass, receive the S:i-
thea. raineiits and settle with him all their spiritual
hI'is si lte year (i 13) ill the Mnonth of Aliril, affairs. The Missioner spends thllre two or thLic
r. Atignatllue. Loittjulis died iln Belize. A lman days, iicCildinii to the itnumlber of Catholics, and
great pruidence and ecal for soals, le had l when ll has been properly arr;iigred, he goes
o"ie ttlihet Colony, for tile first tiinc, direct from on further. Geinrally the iissiloner spends two
Iekuia'n his t native collttry i iSlo. After two montllis a year int visiting these people, but this
ye'lt the Superiolr ,t tlte Mlistll ralt him ir, ycar Fr. lPaiird remained with thel three nlonths,
his health's ake tu JatImlica.. Thence lie return. to give all the opportunity of ordering their
Car ib ilitId ilaevttle: hie acilselfentirely to the lives in a Christiani tmaiirr. Aidtl, indeed, great
R c t l,,, l pult ill chilage of Stlllai Cleek w cas the fruit of this viitatioll, slilnc he blaptized
lRhis nc. Aale he l'ore the whole iurden of 77 children, gave holy Couilliunionl to several
lcare otfniasi anid wished to Ildd to the spiritualll hundreds and by his exhortattions moved Sa,
are ch the *Misiioit the further task of teaching who were living lit public concubillage, to re-
the heildre il the parochiill school. AtI ilgtlhi ceive tie Sacrament of Marriage.

( .89 )

1884. The year was opened by a Bazair or This very year a public exhibition was given by
Fancy Fair, by which a small sum of money was the girls educated by the Sisters before a select
realized, to pay off more readily the debt upon audience. It was deservedly received with much
the Mission. Fr. Anselm took his vows as tern- applause, and showed that a higher educations
poral coadjutor on February and. could be given in our Colony without need tc
About this time the Superior of the Mission seek it in Jamaica or elsewhere.
visited the northern district, administered the- Thus helped by the work of the Sisters and
Sacrament of Confirmation, blessed a chapel at by the coining of the long expected Fr. Gower
Laguna Seca and with solemn rite opened a new the Mission seemed to have much increased is
building at Orange Walk to be used as a school. the number of those seeking the good of souls
when, alas, the year had not put an. ond to ou
The devotion to the Sacred Heart of Jesut labours, before Fr. Anselm Gillet, who haL<
was in a special way promoted by the institution strenuously laboured in the Lord's vineyard, wa
in all our churches, of a Mass with singing lie. carried off by a sudden illness two years after
fore the Blessed Sacrament, exposed on the his coming to the Mission. On the feast of Hol-
first Friday of every month, together with the Innocents, December 28th, he gave up his soru
Via Crucis tit the evening, followed by special to God adorned with the jewels of his man
prayer in honour of the Divine Heart and good works. lie earr.estly desired the good c
Bentediction of the B. Sacrament. To provide souls and obtained it even during life, not lee
alst. for the good of youth, the Sodality of St. by his fervent prayers than by his labours.
Albysius was inaugurated, which was well cel- Through the Divi mercy, m
culated to pronmote piety and, by securing their ldings and instit were his year estat
help in serving the Altar. to add to die beauty huildings and institutions were this year estallil
hlld decrum of the divine tof ice li-'hed. And first of all in Stanmo Creek, by t=
help of Father 'arisi, the Church was repair"
At the end of July all the Fathers came to and a Parochial School built. A very pret
Belize to celebrate their Founder's feast, atnd chapel was also opened in the village uf Mullim
to confer together about the interests of the River. The Catholics of this settlement we
lsion". the first in the Mission to have a resident pries
In August, good Brother Richard Quinn died. and, though few in number, yet being mu-
In him the Mission lost a schoolmaster of the attached to their religion, they made a collect=
kind much needed in our Colony to bring up among themselves and at their own expet.-
Catholic youth. The labours and hopes of the built their chapel. A new house *was also erel
tillers of the soil were this year spoilt in the cd in Punta Gorda where the Residence, whi-
North of the Colony by the invasion of an army since the death of Fr. Genou had been clos-
of locusts. His Excellency the Governor in- for want of Missioners, was thus re-opeinu
plored our assistance, to use what authority we The Superior of the Mission considered the i
possessed to induce the Indians to destroy this tablishment of this Residence very necessam
dreadful pest of the crops. Fr. Di Pietro mnde as there were not only the Caribs of the plar
a ready response to the Governor's wishes, aud of the neighboring village of Redcliff
.Many times His Excellency showed himself be served, but also Indians and America
kindly disposed towards us, but especially dwelling in, other neighbouring settlements
when an occasion of helping'the Sisters in their be attended to. For, already, certain America
work of teaching offered. To start the fund from the United States had come to settle rs
for building an academy for girls, to receive a Punts Gorda, and later some Indians from M
higher education, he grve them foo sterling. Republic of Guatemala came and establish

(-- O )

thenselv"e among the mounltaiis near the same hl
t eown. Hcucemore than two thousand Catholics 1s
were living in that district, who needed their (
own ries to aldmnili.ter to their the Sacraments an
sad Iok after the education of their children. c
This work was well atrried out by Fr. lParisi, a
who for five years lihoured strenuously among J
them and restored the. spirit of region. p
Meanwhile in Belize, Fr. Hlery Gillet, who h
had a facility for newspaper writing, imported
type from ,America; and its the Imollth of June, o
began a'periodical called Till ANGELUS, whlich tI
was to be published mlontlhly. Written partly tI
in English, partly in Spantish, it was intended to It
refute error and to give people correct inform. o
tion about Catholic affairs: The effect produced p
was excellent. It has continued to appear re- C
gularly every month, and the other newspapers s
of the town have'rarely dared to attack the Cil. l
tholic religion or public morality. It still conl- s
tUieus its issue. after twelve years, witlh.ut a
break anld liha been of great service to the t1
Missionu. f
in the same year, the number of Missioners Y
was increased by tile arrival of Flr. Molihn, whio c
knowing thoroughly well the Maya lndliain t
tongue, was a great help to us. T The northern P
purt of the Colony was the first to receive his e
aid for since )neIly all the iilnlhbilnits of thIt i
district are Indians or Spanishlindians, they t
speak or understand that idiom. lie preached
therefore missions in Maya through the different
villages and with great fruit to souls. The
harvest was especially abundlast lit San Estbhan,
a village of oo souls. For all without excep-
tion came to Comfession and Conmmunion, some
waterr many years, and no one remained it a I
state of aocubhinage, where before many were
Ufeclted by this vice. I

'188. The ycIPr opened with the solemn
blhising of the Twner.stone of a new College t
r the Sister The girls who attended the t
Sitera' pri.te selectchool had so increased in
"ers, that it bhcamce absolutely necessary to

ave a new building, and that in such good
:yle and so solid as to deserve the name of a
college. The money, which was partly received
s a loan nnd partly borrowed, was soon forth-
unoing ; and after tihe plan ihad been examinied
od approved, thie curner-stone wis laid on t2st
aultary, in presence of a gathering of the
people. who congratulated the Sisters on the
happy success of their labours.
Il February, Father Cassian Gillet, the third
I that name and family, came from England
o help the Fathelr of the Mission in their Apo.-
jlic work. As he hald had much experience in
aching i oys, from his first coming he thought
I beginning a class of higher studies for private
pupils, which might in timni grow into an inchoate
college. But the Superior, straightened by the
mall number of Miissioners, put off till the fol-
owing year the beginning of the proposed
Meanwhile the English Provincial hearing
hat tile health of the Fathers ill Belize was af-
ected l)y the pomr dwelling-h.liouse in which they
were living, which was tdestitulte of ordillary
oiveniieiuces, urged the Superior of the Mission
o build a new and imore conifortiallle house,
promising him to help him in the minecy requir-
d. On this the Superior consulted some of the
oaithers, laying before them the proposal, and
hey too cltlme intoi the same mlinld us the
InI the monlt of June, he called the same
architect, who had built the Sisters' Convent,
entered into a contract with him. and in the same
nonth laid the foundation-stone of a new Resi-
lence under the title of St. Joseph's from whose
)atrouage the necessary funds were hoped for.
Everything weit well, and in a few months a
large nil commodious house was ready; and on
he last lay of the year it was blessed by the
Superior of the Mission. On the following day,
he tat of iJanuary, the Fathers began to live in
lie new house.


( 91 )


R HE STORY we are going to tell is a
,. true one, .and this picture of real life
is painted in its own proper colours,
i r at least in those which naturally
bc.ling to it.
We ;e in Ghent, an important city of Belgium
anld tlie capit;ll of Ihe province of East F.landers.
It is Sulidily aiud some of the suburbs nre almoilst
ilescrted. The people, fond of feasting andl
atusicl,ents, are pilasilig to and fro il the pro-
illcllnler, in the public gardens where concerts
iare being given, mild in the zoological garden
whither the the otter bathliing in his tank, the llma lazily
lyin t down, lthe white hiuir running about his
pit like ai furious nadmlan, iand the lion lind
tiger piicinig backwards anid forwards before the
hlirs which confine then in the cages in which
they rle shut up. These are the ailnussenets of
the rich and of the middle class; some of tihe
lower class tre walking nbout also; but speak-
ing generally they are seated at the table of
the liveriis, where men and women are chatting
whilst their children are phiying about or sleep.
iing. lHappy are the families were all the incme
hers are there gathered together I Happy too
where the husband is not spending in anl even-
ing the wages of the week which has just passed,
and the price of the bread of the week which
hias begun.
At the hour when the crowds were filling tlhe
streets, a woman, dressed in mourning and ac-
companied by a young girl and two boys, left
the church of St. James, where they had just fin-

put on a serious look. All knelt down before
the large Crucifix which stretches out its arms
above the graves, a promise andl emlllemn of the
general resurrection, and flitingly i& bet up in the
burial-ground, as the lbrulen serpent of old was
lifted up above the perisillg multitude of the
children of Israel. There above them is life
There salvation I
After having prayed at the foot of the cross,
the lady, who was veiled in deep mniurnling, turned
towards the portion of the cemetery, where might
besaeen a number of impleplainl crosses. lThere
were the gi;aves of the poor and among these
grass-covered mounds dotted with daisies, she
saw oneon which hereyeshadl ftengazed,along-
side which she went to kneel. Tile crossbure no
other iil.criptio than this:
R. I. P.
The poor widow, fixed her looks on the name,
and with tears in her eyes began to pray. Then
she added:
-My God,. how good he was Pardon him,
and take him t to he kingdom of your glory.
Give him eternal rest and grant his children the
grace to love and serve you.
The children likewise said their prayer. The
younggirl with cast.down eyes recited the Rosary:.
butcher brothers, who were much younger, were
soon distracted, anid began to look at the things
around them. The elder was reading the inscrip-
tions on the tombs; the younger was gathering
flowers, and looking at tile birds which came to
drink the rain-water collected in an open urn
placed over one of the graves.
At length the mother rose from her knees and,
after another reverence to the large cross and a
last May they real ilni ence for the dead redeemed

ished singing Vespesr, and welded her way to- by Jesus Christ, who though beneath the ground
wards the cemetery outside the Antwerp gate. look forthegeneral resurrection, left the cemetery
She walked slowly and with a distracted air. followed by her children.
Scarcely had she entered the cemetery, when the -" Mother" said the young girl these visits
children of their own accord and without their to the cemetery are hurtful to you health. Why
mother calling their attention ceased to speak and do you come so often?"

( .92 )

_._o,.Sabi" these visits please me more than -"Nothing has happened" answered the
-..Noaven. I have always present to me young girl; the jug has been broken: I will
they grieve ofour father; hut when I pray for buy another with my money."
the memory obete th which he is resting, it The widow Steven, not wishing to be pre.
seems to ie that I am better heard. But, my sent at this scene, hastened to enter her house.
child. if coMning to the cemetery makes you sad, Her rooms were clean itnd orderly her furniture
I will not bring you with me again, bright and in its place; and behind the windows
noi mother: Ialwayswish.tocoime. There were to be seen some flowers. Yet this dwelling
promise God to be good and help you to bring though so decent was very poor. and extreme
up my little brothers. care could scarcely hide its poverty. There
-Poor little fellows! we must give them some however pence reigned. There was a crucifix
anusement on returning home. It is not well over the mantelpiece, and a little holy-water
to pass Sunday in sadness. vfont showed that, amid misfortunes, faith and
The family arrived at their house, which was hope dwelt in this poor house and that the divine
at some distance from the cemetery, in the part blessing was upon it. The widow breathed
called Prince's Square by reason of the.Palace, more freely on entering her house and sat down
once rich and splendid but now destroyed and to rest a moment.
ahandoned, where Charles V was born. The The blackbird, which she had, began to sing
widuw was living in an old house divided into as soon as it saw her, and Salbina kissed her
two separate dwellings. Oe 'was smaller than mother and said:
the other, and the smaller was that which shle -Molther I would rather, die than speak to
rented. The larger house was occupied by. her you as my cousin speaks to her mother. Is it
sistel-in-law, a widow like herself and with two possible thut she often, tilks so!
children. As she was entering the house, on The widow sighed and answered her:
herreturnfrom thecmnetery, she met in the porch, -My child, I fear that my sister does not take
which was cominmon to both dwellings, a sloveily the right way to bring up her children. Never-
looking girl with diess dirty and hair in disorder, tlieless she had a good husband and ought to
carrying a jug to draw water from the pump imitate his example.
which served for both families. Mother and daughter continued quietly col-
-" Good-day saunt," said the girl with some versing together, whilst the hoys were taking
nfuion. off their best clothes. Half an hour later they
-" Cousin," said one of the bo) s, you are not saw their neighbours and relatives going out for
dressed, though you wish us good-day. Are yo a walk very handsomely dressed. Theresa
not wro ng? Willem had laid aside the black mantle, which
-- I 1nm lnot wrong, Clement, aindi 1 am go- was becoming to matrons of her state. and wore
ig to dress myself to go out," answered the a bright coloured dress, a rich shawl and showy
youn giSd with so hae sharpness. " ribbons in her hair. Her daughter, Cecily, was
ified little ilquiitive?" not less showily dressed and it would have been
Aud shr ran to the pump with such haste and hard to recognise in the elegant young lady, the
Pert"ration, that she broke the jug in pieces. elovenly girl of whom we have just spoken.
oc What are you doing, foul?" cried a harh -"lHow grand they look" said Sabina.
voice: and the mother of the young girl stood But I dent envy them, for I fear that Cecily
Sther doo of the house, her dress soiledl ad has not been to church to-day."
sher ha sodden with the washing she wasI Her mother made her i sign to be silent. At
f. this moment the boys came in.

SGo and get some cherries" she isid to her
daughter. I will cut sonme slices of cake and
we will have a little hnch."
Sabiiia went out, and soon rtetunted l'ritlging
in her aproni the cherries. They had ia pleaisaintl
inch; tlnter which the. IItlior arraigned the
p(a.teboarid liures of the lottery Iupll) the Itble.
distributed the counters, and began .to draw atnd
call out hlle Ilt the great atiimusemenult of
the children. Wlhat lauglter when otine nma a
I'lrm,! WVIha;l exclalinliaoills whlie aillther cried
out liittery! And \i hat a noise whe. the yiou g-
est, Cliiiment, who did not yet ktnow the iiumbo lis
well, took Oo for yo! WVhen it wit. evening they
stoiiped play and Norbert added up his g.ails.'
Then Sathina read aloud a story by Cation

lowilg days of abuit h dence, tnor iuisy pIlc;urI'es
succeeded by hunger andl pail. All the days
were orderly nrran ure. S.biniia i NorbeUt
gladly rl.ulltiht ihomne every Siatlr lay lwhatl they
had earned duriniig tll week ainl kiesw in
exch:nige their' mOitlhir woutll give lthle their
friuigal meialss ad their fresh clollhe. that the
blaclkil1d wouiild b kept in his cige, the tire 'n
the helarthit atnd too Ihwerb in th lie diiudiw. They
iiever felt til: Iiillcriess o4f tIl( igood workers .fromi their early yallth, Who, see the
father waste the price If Ilheir s 'eatl and blliod
ini the tavern-fatal selfi.sltie. oi pa1 ;ireutis whoi
hlui teach their chihilrun tio e Iiungrateful and
hrerk the holy Ilids, which .shlll keep the
famiily united. In tlhe widow's hoIse, duly,

Schmid. After lthis, night prayers were said, the leltdurimess .aid affection wele le lli priciile.s
children received their iothler's bles.intg a id which regulated the relatiios leltw en mollither
went to bed. Sot ended Suniday ; the family aw ere ;and children, andl hey wetr knit together by
well pleased, atd the poor mother before ctm- itais if their mutual confidelince ii oe another.
posing hcr. Cll to sleep lht ought of hni who was The widow was working on t holiday eveitiiig
no m1.11t alnd said to herself: when her silster-i-ilaw Teresa entered tlie hluse,
-They have no father aiil sill they arte happy. .1nd said to her:
May they, 0 God be ever good and virtuous a.d -You are overworking yiraself, \Victoria;
let me be tlle only one to suffer. atilt the child cwhe re re they' 'aiikinga walk?
--'IIAIPrEIt lI- -No, thank G(ml: imy diilghler is at her
As soon as it was dawn on the following day, aitistress' house ; Norbert is in the shop), and iliy
the widow, as was her culstoali, started her work. little Clement ullshoul soon return from school,
It consisted chiefly in sewing corn sacks, because for it is already 5 o'clock.
her short sight would not allow her t etigage -Hut is it possible, Victoria, that 'yo make
ill more delicate and better paid work. On ac- those poor children work on sltch a beautiful
count of the stimallness of her wage's, she had Monday evening. Millie are 'u.11si"g themselves
been obligel to make use of Ihe help of her to-day. Adolplihs has gonie to row on the
children as soon as possible. Sabina was hired Scheldt, and Cecily is taking a walk with her
to a dressmaker ami received ia franc a day. friends. They intend to go an far as the lhousbe
Norbert was learning to turn netals, a trade of the eels.
which needed much time and offered no little --iut, sister, since when is Mondaly a holiday?
dilliculty to acquire; but lie had begun to learn -Well I So it would be good to work ol.
it whilst his father was still living; for he had Monday I Is the poor labourer to kill himself by
wished to give a trade to 'rach of his children. working all the week? It wolild be right to let
The younger boy,Clement, still went to school. himi Jlave at least ote lday free.
Consequently the money which weekly came to 'The widow thought a nloient, t nll antaswerd.
this poor house was small enough ; but as there -Theresa, it seems to ie that you don't see
were no vices, what was necessary was never things as they ought to be seen. There is aday
wanting. They did nut see days of misery fol- in the week for rest, in order that soul and body

-------- -- ----- -T-- --C-----

( 94 )

-y-cs'c- fromI lah" Iut tfi day is Sunday, changed. To live costs very much, and we
an case Merihles and ui ny others employ must work on Sundays as well ;Ia other days.
the Sundy int work ing and want to rest on Mon- -Hut you do not work on Monday.
day. Why Ilo you do so? Theresa continued as if she had not heard:
Tliis question left Theresa nio excuse but she -Cecily worked half a day oi Sunday at the
Iis'ered house of her mistress and Adolphus swept the
1 dwar knw: it has always hecl so. shop of the cabinet-maker. I assure you these
_-1 hi kow otr two are a great help to fie to live.
I think you are mistake. In other days, --And the few cents gaied on Sunday keeps
as far as I rememlnber, ino one Worked on Sunday. Ad e few gaint o S y keeps
Tl'I d:,y before the hot>e was tidied up; some- your children Irom going to clhurchl For this
times thie good mother stayed up almost till mid- misrable pittance ttey are living like heathens.
night on Saturday to wash and mend the Sun- -It is plain; God will not give us money
day clothes. Father, mother and children all when we have not got it.
went to Mass dressed in their chest. At. home --I should feel it very much if I did not trust
we were six brothers tand sisters, and Lbeides I"I God's good Providence.
my mother's nephew, whowats brought up with .---We have to eat on Sunday; and therefore
us: we were poor for my father, who was a. we must work.
carpenter, gainedl no more by his labour than --lHut, Mondayj sister, MondayI You mI1st
was sullicicnt to provide food. We had no rib- agree that Sunday's poor pay does not cover
hI,,us ilaor collars; bu yvou could not see Moithly's expenses. I suppose that you and
children more cleanly and neatly tressedl; all your children may gain about three francs hy
wln, passed.ltirnted round to look at us. After not going to Mass and working like slaves on
Ma., my father. took a ';Walk with the men; that holy day. Well then what does Monday
whilst we helped our motherio prepare dinner. cost you? Thereby you Iose half-a-day's wages;
At a in the afternoon thereswas the Catechism, and after that amuscmesnts, dressing, the tavern,
iron which we hirutight bick pretty pictures, the ball, the boat...... Add it up and you will
then there was Vespers ail after that a walk. see the result.
Sometimes we went to the Bruges' canal to look The widow spoke with the energy of convic-.
at the shiq.s and barges aoinsetimes we took.n tion. Theresa was vexed that she could give no
walk rounn tile walls, or il the country to gather good reply, hut nevertheless she answered:
owes, or to ia little chapel inot' far from the -Yes, yes, it is known that you have been
city.whedr we said a prayer and afterwards we well taught, Victoria. I know no more than
Oreurlledl hole tired but pleased with our day. my household affairs, and I know well that I
O iro father ever set foot n a tavern;. for he had need water to make the mill go round, and fire
feed i chierent a ntlier wished in clothe and to keep the pot hoiling. When my children
feed lveninlees th" to gratify himself. In the have worked, it is right theyshould play. Good
winter evelinch we played cards or gamlns of day, Victoria, and may your wise reflections
"se .tlhan rci kept us ltllise'i l aiLdI we were profit you; with them one fills neither stomach
divertl ai year olSl beforeeknew any other nor purse.....
Family li ~on Sdy tian rest, prayer and -And she went out much annoyed.
realy to return ontay w were rested and -" I have offendeti her" said the widow to
t ask leave be,. id on tit we had no need herself with feeling; and yet I cannot see God
-All this is yey we, thll "ay offended and be silent. I cannot see my relatives
ery ell; b sister, times have falling into the abyss, without crying out to

I ( r95 ).

them: Take care! God pardon me, if I have
gone too far."
Then she turned to occupy herself with her
woik, and did not lay it aside except to kiss
Clement when he returned front school. She
put the milk on the fire, which was to serve for
supper, and wailed the return of the elder
children, whilst talking with the youngest. Sa-
hina was the fir.t to com).e: Norhert was a little
late and his mother gave him a slight repriinaiHl.
She had such a fear of the Monday's attractions.
-"l He who plays on Monday docs not keep
Sunday" she said. All went to rest; but the
another slept but little that night, and at a late
hour heard Cecily and Adolphius entering the
house and laughing very loudly.


Taken from 'The Colonial Guardian,"
April 24th, 1897.
UNDAY. 4th March, has been one
of the red-letter days for our little
town. on the occasion of the first
visit of our new Governor, Col.
Wilson, c.Mu.a.
The community hearing that His Excellency
would arrive via Northern River, at 2 p.m., on
the aforesaid day, all, without exception of
creed, moved to prepare a worthy reception for
the distinguished visitor. The young people
of the Catholic Club conceived the happy idea
to go and meet His Excellency, on horse hack,
at.Richmond Hill or Tower Hill; forty of then
were ready with flags and banners, to start at
12; hut the idea of meeting him there had to
he abandoned, as it was said that on account of
the had crossing at either of the above mentioned
places it could not lie done, and so they had to
lie contented to meet him at the Court House
At t2 noon the spacious churchyard of the
Roman Catholic Church was crowded with

Catholic school children, t;he childrenllry,
the ladies of thee ton', Ite micul-the
Catholic Club and Catholic Societyides
other gentlemen of the town, waitill the
happy moment of the arrival of I is 17,FIy.
At I p.m. news came that His LEcv' eas
crossing the river opposite the Cou' 1e.
The school children stated the F1'i)io,
bearing the Union- Jack, the I'opl'i and"
flags of various uitlions followed bhLhil-
dren of Mary, the ladies, gentlcmeraval"
cade iof many young men and a haul"tIic.
Arrivedat the spot, they fell into hue 'hili.
at the Court lHouse, so is to make At il-
posing and ceautifu! display.
Iis Excellency, on accountt of thero""d,
was about an hour and a half late, id not
arrive until 3 p.1m.
The happy moment at last artr Iis
Excellency, although very tired, a.t Sgh of
thle heuutiful display appealed inilelY to
recover his normal antd syl.paithsirit.
When he lauded ont the Orange \ide of
thil river, he was welcomed by a salvi'tillery
and tile National Anthelm rendered I 'ad.
After receiving the salute from 2 Kaye
and lis Command, Mr. Irieo PIe at the
head of the Cathollic Society and Cs; Club,
read the following address signetall the
people of the town:-
To Ills Exenlleney Col0inel I)AD IVu Cm-
Ianlon of lthe Most J)lstlng nillidi (r f b8nlt
allchael and Saint GOe ry, Governor ("lony
of BrtIs lll Honduras and Vice Adnllnrino
Your Excellency.
We, the inlnhaitantlaof OrnIgl' beg to
address Your Exc.llency oa the happy "I y"ou
arrival In our mildMt.
The undeirblned tender to Your Hi e t'hir
warmest congratulations on your well i"r"10-*
tlon as our beloved Governor.
Your IGCxcllenuy's thirty rlx years ou"S and
valuable rervlieis to ller ilajeslty thll give to
your promotion the higlw,'t credit. o s" the
greatest hopes of thi advancement of Iloy'.
On our part we offer to Your Excell be ever
loyal and obedient subjects to tier 3F and to
you tIer reprern(tatlv.e.
We feel however that thil is an oceor' more
than mere words. The Committee inted o

belf the inhabitantsle
loll Of i ous -
to Her Gr!cio blisei
of iher Diamond. J
ice.tencel, as Her rIl
wharfon 5 a vatfortiac
we reqdet to be acceptA
and loyalty to our eeill
Wishing Your IExell
we beg to pubecrlte our
You E


Iis ,Excellency tI
touched at the roars
address hc received
Her Majesty; ali re
-and appreciative ima
I thank you nmo
which you have prosen
ainlllig you at Orange
You have been good
terals to ily long se
Colonies, sand wIllth
real pleasure to be abi
ervlte It has always b
rlenee front all cla e
iaute good will, good
have now shown to. I
gralelul to iou.
Whalevr e of success
been ehlelly due to II
tinas for'the good
aiwaYs receIved fIomn
and ivhich I feel sure
It affords mne great
Interesting reports oi
that many anad great
out in thI( town and )D
You have referred t
of the Diamond Jubli
The Queen ass exires
ious event should be
her subjects In varlo
themselves thlnk to be
exprening her hope t
ti poor or in sliffe

9( 96 .)

s have the privilege to offer .Immediately after the reading of His Excel.
e the en flowr toe Yrio lency's reply, the procession started towards the
resentative. In the shape of a Barracks, via Main Street, which was decorated
uise of the polrer elass, which
d asa trle ofourgrttde and adorned with triumphal arches of gres
red Sovereign. leaves. At the entrance of His Excellency into
ency andlfamily all happline the Barracks the children and mass of people
xcellenicy's gave hlim three hearty cheers. Next day His
Obedient Servants, Excellency paid a.visit to San Atltonio and San
SIto N president Oi the morning of Tuclday he visited the
Uolatlilo G i)X L.AI,[ "
.. Vice Preldent. new Catholic Church and school and, I under-
I.KoAnl Itrl.VA, stand that he was pleased with both.
ialsRo-PwKKuAw .
hen, p very uh In the evening the arrival of the mail steamer
hen.appeared very much 9
f pplaise as w the was anxiously looked for, as Mrs. Wilson was
of pplau as ell expected to he on bird, and to "pen the new
from the loyal subjects )i Hospital. At 5 pan. tihe steamei arrived at Ilher
pled in he following k landing with Mrs. Wilson oil board, d a good
ner- gathering of people were it the's wharf ready to
receive her. After a Inoluentary rest, she
ft. sincerely for tile address
ited to lme upon mny fir.t arrival proceeded to the opening ccellllny of the Ilos-
Walk. pital. A beautiful rustic pavilion was prepared
enough to allude In very kind
rvce to lier Majesty in other at the fooitof the Hospital stairs, where she sat
reference thereto It affords too and heard the speech of the Colonial Surgeon
c to say that throughout that A
een nIy good fortune to expe- ol tile object of erecting the Hospital. After
of Her .1 aesty 's suhject the an appropriate answer from her, the golden key
feeling and indnesa which you
tie and for which I am truly was presented to her by the little daughter of
y s s h Dr. Harrisqn, the District Surgeon, and she
Ihas atteInded mny services has
he hearty co-operation in all proceeded up the stairs with a few selected
of the Yl tire which I have ladies and gentlcineai ; she unlocked the door,
tIer Majesty's loyal stibjecta.
I alwaysyshua re eivein lritish then declared the Hospital opened, and invoked
u to l r t the blessing of God upon it. .After the cere-
I. pleasure to learn from the
I your Iistrict Cbomnistioner '"ony of the opening l Hi Excellency addressed
uproveinenta have been carried the people from the steps; showing how much
o the a preaching celebration interest the Government and their officials take
lee of er dnjcstai h tile q.een. in the erection of such institutions, looking to
celebrated in such manner as the good health and welfare of Her Majesty's
'II parts of Iler Empire may subjects.
li t Ithosin; t tie slelee tim w After the Governor's address to the people
ring or In need should not be everybody was allowed to go up stairs and visit
revision for the supply of good the Hospital.
water and a better shipping Here ended the viMitof Hsl E-cellency to us;
he poorer classes ln a practical HI e "
rying ont thida d n4 t hope ad the impressin and the good feeling that
WnIl elebrbaie the occasion In both His Excellency sid Mrs. Wilson produced
lng mane, and that rlerT- n all of us, was very great, a could not be
eople. otherwise a hii open, frank and sympathetic
people. olherwise ; as hi, open, fliak aid sympathetic

( 7 ).

expression are so pronounced as to attract Ihe the debt on the Church. We owe now $0o to
hearts and good feeling of everybody. clear the wlllre amount.
SOne hilng only left us in a painful state, and On Easter Tuesday was rallied a line Musical
lh;It is that not one of us Yucateca ha ha he 1 B1, I'o elil to pur chase a new Organ for tile
honour anid pleasure of being presented to ani Church.. The result was $So. By selling lhe
ipf shaking hands with uchl ai worthy G(y. old harmoniumn we hope sVou to have the hfll
crnor, not even the lPresident of the committee amount.
who was present at the opening of the Ilospital.
T|_he number of Paschal coininunmono in
Fr. 'icmonte went with the Governor as far Orange Walk made between tile First Sunday
Is Snil11 Ealevan. His Excelle'ncy visited theI of Ill:tI land aster Sunlday was ;1l. Ill order
ch1rii c, an11 tlhe school, where Ialunit A. chlildrelln it" icllitate tile I;ater dltlier ,(>Leakinlg genrct
pm. rmt.ed all address to hlill. lel ws pileisid aily, the children of tile town went hl Ihi ly
wilh their alddrc's, and both his ExcellencylV nild Cotonllnionl on F"riiday, tlle feast of Ou)r Lady
Mrs. Wilson expressed themiCsclves very kindly of Dolonrs, tile VWoimelln oin 1Mat1ny 'Thurislu'y
to Ihe children. ndlld tlhe Mlen tio Easter Sl lil ay.

The Ilolv Week Services were CIIKONICIE
ended il ()railige Wailk und gave ample evi- OF Tll SACIHD IIliT.
ldnce how iiecldfll It wias to hnve the far greater
Space to accoui)inodate tlhe .irge and drevint 40\fK 80c1,1'egation which our New Clhurch affordnl. A
The antty aind fervent exholtations oif iour ..,.
Pastor, Rev. Fatii r I'ien. ouite, liriughtli to their .
E'aster lutiies nearly hlie whole of hlis lock.
On Good Friday it wasl moat cVlifying to see
the IIrge i tiinihcr of mien who showedl tIhey were /,
int ashamied to manieat their love to Our'
Crucified God, by kissing the Holy Cross at the THV KINODOM COMI.
AMitir Srails. *tTIl giem'rgtrl icnilt oii. fir whiimli Ill- A-,laigr nt
Easter Sunday. At S o'clock a.mgo., IHoly tile Anii tm'st llll of trInyvr t kl r n lisrr t itn iy nIll te
Coinimtlnioui) was given to the men before Mass, this i nili nfl .MIn ail wihl 'ls aippiroed til a
so that time wa.s given them for breaking their blelsed by Ills Htll iles l.kt XIll. Is
fast before the Hligh Mass began. I need not Tlie welfare of Ilie C'hlrrh in Englanil lby thle riec-
say that it was said and sung with all the joy bration of the Iltirtelrnttll rilntary of St.
and..slplndour our Orange Walk Church affords. Augustine of Uanelrri'bry.
The P:aschal Candle, the gift of ia very kind -
friend (Mr. L. E. Cuevas) was much admired. [II 'RTEEN IIUNI)REI) years ago a
it the evening a Ten Party or Conversazione i ',pe wals tmmost gloriously governing
was held in our Catholic Club room, ,which was the Ronan apisto lic sea who may
decorated for the occiasiun. Nearly all the and ought rightly to lie called the
town came to it. A hand of inaicians cIll- apobtlJ of the English. Ilv his zeal" says
ducted by Mr. Medina enlivlened tile visitors. VPenerable lde ill his Ecclesiasticail Iistory
Two of our School children, Misses Aguilar he converted our nation, the E)nglish, frn the
and M. Perdomno gave poetical recitations which power of Satan to lihe faith of Christ" and
leasedd the iandience greatly. I ieed not say whereas le bore the p;.ntilical power overall
that the supply of sweets, &c. were most abun- the world, and was placed over the churches
dant, and that the young folk had of them to already reduced tol the faith of truth, lie made
their hearts content. The Ilunion and.cheerful-o nur inaion. till then given uptil to idols, the
inea of all present inust have delighted the heart Church of Christ, tso that we may lie allowed
of their Pastor, Father I'iemnonte, as it plainly thus to attrllute to him the character of all
showed that the truly Catholic spirit is charity. apostle."
The pruceedsof the Conversazione were $1 o This Pope was St. Gregory tlie Great, and
and after expenses were paid, $70 net, to pay for even before he was raised to that dignity, such


~------~~ 5':~


( 98 ) ,.

Shi "dr frbe cn. version o( the English the real presence, the daily sacrifice, auriculal
wat hi ad'ur fort V l liede tells us,-lo the colifession, prayers and offices for the dead.
that he weIt, '"n apostolic see (IPope belief in purgatory, the invocation of the Iliessed
Bishop of the ol m a ,td him to send some Virgin andt the saintt--the very doctrines stanip.
enedict 1) "nd el rl Briilt Iod the iantion ed ill the 9 Articles as found fables and blas.
minislters f tylh e t.hey might be converted plchmous deceits--all these are now openly
of the Eiig, lil, d that Mi w s ready to under- taught in the pulp its of the Anglican Church
take h'it srk if tdcl e i l, ',ostlic Pope shouldd nal heartily elmll'rcd hy crowded congrega-
takchi th la v "it o ]Oe""1. The Pope was tions. Thee sta f te o Hlessed Virgin Mary
think fit to, a"".'i rcto81test, but the citizens of has been put tiup with honour over the principal
tilline wg tl not cise(t"t that so noble, so side entrance to Westminster Abbey, Hld she
rectone w uald so Icarneitl ia m111a should leave hI,s been etthrouned under the great duitl of St.
ther e iiyn s n soo. however, as he was hint- Paiul's. Inla word Catholic doctrine and prac-
,lf inle oIpe, hIe catrrield out his long-ecsirud tices are being reinstated all over Ell.latnl.
vrk. eidiin St.. A"ughli5tne alc d with him These changes should encourage hope. Iut
almnit (orty other llenedlc tiei monks, to preach still more nmay we hope from the effect of the
tli word of God to tlle ]English nation. Nor supiernmatral power of prayer. For 300 years
did his interest in our country then ce:se; for lie have saint., and holy mltei prayed for the restore.
continued till death, to. watch over the welfare action of England to Catholic unity, with a
of Elnglaild with ilprticil;har care. fervour, a hopefulness and a perseveraillce, which
. Another PI'op not less Iaxilous for the bring- is without a pi ralel with regard to illny other
ing hack of the An\glo.Siaxin i race to the faith, country of ChristenidomII The many milliolli
which was once preached to them hy St. Augus. of the loly League are ailskcd to unile iln lervent
titne and the other Romanl missionaries, wishes prayer during the mionlth of May, becultise this
the Inailn millions who ihelotng to the Ap1otl.- mouth is dedicated to the Mother 4( U1nd.
ship of I'ravyrr ti join together ll in intercessi, n Englishmlen in other days were soi renarkahle
lieitr the "thironie of gralcl- e for Englt d's limog t le Intionl for the honour they paid to
version oln occasion oif tihe celebrations, which the tIlleseid Virgin Mary that their counlly was
will he made, to murk tlihe landing of St. Augur- called the portion or dowry of Mary.
line anid his 40 Ienedlictiinc motiks otni the coast O .Jesuls, through the IliniiIeulate heart of Mary, I
of Kent in tle year 597. An elaborate imino offer Thee all the prayers, works. and lsfferhins of
tial celebration will doulbllcss be carried out by this day. for all Ihe Intenllons of Thy divine llIart, in
the Anglicans at Ciiantertbury, next July, hut a "ion with t11h1e oly sacrifice of the Maslr. in repara-
simple ceremony, which will take plat itlin of all sins. nd for a ll request presented through
ibeforlle rol2, wicll l takepe the Alpotlrlilh lt I rayer; and especially for the
before,; os June 2, will d more to recall to menl's welfare of the Church In England.
mintl what really Ithen cccurrel than any lifeless
rehearsal of the scele, however well got tp.
The 1iell eicline lishpsll Iledley will preach on RESOLUCIONES DEL P'RIMER CON-
the vry hietl, whiereont Mt\\ tIgtte first explained S NTISO NICO
.to King Etlheli'rt co Kent e GRESO ANTINMASONICO.
the Chrbitian faith. llel too will he accolotlpa.
;"' ie tle 4o Uiietliev'l 'oks andl, proceeded' LA FRANCMASONKRIA tha pasado por U1n examenl
'> proce ssion ov the l the souetnii litates el mas riguroII unC el Congrreso Anltilnasoinco
br I"etren tdid wr th grounds, even asi their shabidu td ian plasndo en Trento, y el resultado
dried years agoit gustine thirtele. hurt- de este examen ha sado de tal importancia que
There are mmvah u sajerideo razon sifficiente pirn conulenar It
is hope for the ,. 0t1ta which should make fraMnctiasoneria delante los ojos tie tode los homn-
Old Church. A clti ut large numbers to the hres 'de corazit recto y entendimniento claro.
velousk" t kel n" gee, whhl is stittplv mar- El Congreso eblaba furmado de persoint ititeli-
4ast lt iyer s, a Eiglantl duruig the genttestatodetlestado secularcom oecclesiastkic
n b i earlv sa th tthe co1 t t" y m"ay be said cIyo objeto era levantlr el velh del secrelo qtit
at tlre beai lf Cul l "rtetll frum what she was enctubre tl object especjil y malevolo tie It.
mueittalpow r htee century. The sacra-1 raicmnastoiteiia. Pars Ilegar a las ultitmas deci-
Sorder, the Ueed of justification, sionRs, tllos ptn.ieron k uit tado los escritos de

(' 09

SLeo Taxil, el Ahhli Margintta y llMiss I)ialln d. es letai 'lcinicllento d lIa rrptlihliical .ivcrtAl
I Vau;hani, y iuntdaroln solamllel c MiS inve.tlga- h;Iada solrc lit gIeria cont ra lit olterania tie
clones en Ins lihros v s y to ofileli de Is los is- D)i)o. solire l dtlestruccionti tc l lililtade.s v
nons MNasolonl. Los archives y recuertlos Illa- fIrantqicilas locale., iboliocion dt fIrnte rras y per-
saonicols hall siiniIistralliilo l i os teriailes eun tqle version del %enltinmvItito pat tll ico, ienltimicint
el Congress ha vasado sus ultimnas cuclusion.s qule despucs 'del iator ie Di)ios hi iniispiado a
v de anli t la Inposihilidad tie councvir pel un liiiaju hi11umani.t si s mnis acci'tns. s us
caitlico y represent ar los ataque, contlra Ia f rac- mi.s nobhles saicrifcios y ius proezas iti.s hicr6icas.
Omasnmcria, cmno inspirados pur imangillaci cn e 7. Lta fralrciilaolsti ria ctuntinidi sIt lilcha con-
hajas 6 her pias exajcracioncs. Sitn ulmbargo, ra laI llesi:a, intlioducicedo en lui pcbhlos Icyco
no pretenliemnli decir que estot. son litI princi- anticristiiatiis.
pit.s enl qic se funlda lans logins iinivluales, S. La flirancllltinllas ia es dlirectalitclell res-
y ;uit ci nisli.m Potlifice Lcon XtII cluceide plnslale del socialisLino tIlO.rno, l tl io1'(ue bl
que mucihos inliviliuos dCt eras logs s on ino- sulstituido el itdeal cristlinio ldel hiienhrtar Mncial
centes, pero, entienlldoe hiien, que t Miu slo los plr sit ideal Iiartli.latr; in jerariclii Social clis-
prilncipis dtc la fraclrasonleria; per conlsiigncte t iana; gitoherntilan por in justicia v iumplada p.r
toIdcatolico dehe entenlder title la francmasonerii la car.iadi, por un.i pretcdid.ia igualda dtic t-
setiuna socicdad HnticristiallnaiiselUc ille apllastarse. tins los homiilbr eIntre c i, y inrl.te O i contia de
El priller Congreso nltiollnsiicl, inltenacoI tI e en It vida Itura e,1 dc111e ca;da 1In1u neoi
1 dtclnara estlar pIlenaIllm nt colvenlCido tic lu rcls p usi"lu-tido negi ill si ohras, ellsef iniue In
extremes sig lieites: unica fclicidlad colliste ell gozar de lo hicnc%
t. La fr;ncmlasoneria es tnia clta. .rligiusa y itelriiile, de etic nctiuiino )y qCe todos. tiien
nIllilutea, y Ila itilmt palbrd. de tlsu sucietgo y erecho uty l' ericto it panrticipur pi)p igtal tie chta
lie sit ll isttrios es cl culto de ILucifel A cStlllila felicitlitl.
n lnldo n las trs-logias conio t l)Diu huco 9. La fri'cmusi eiialtl e l terreno social,
en opn.icion al Dius de los calt6icu.. ql)iclu, t A C I crntiai .crai
loi illiciado. tlauiumdlllllO lilt. llaln cl UL)io latlu. llltiltuI d e scietlalch ,.crleas it lils iuce tp n-
d. El ldeln io, illspirador du las sectas rao- re"'IC""ps l ie"l tiocieliden de s fur, .l, sce laI
ainicas, ctntociendo pite n"o consegutiirt jails vi."slll e pl'Vitiiis dle seocl.'.cu IInluls, isocietill.
lqe le adoren dtlirectanc in.t lilt ayor)l p oarte di li l!s it cieilllicas 6 (itirue le dice talesi iociedtlet
lninhres, train tie setmlrarr oI ini mls, ilalltl'pca il rlOddcCietol.d)b catlUtlI.amenic
tlio tic ln frn.lcmsliSertia, ils illlrmenes del lna- r- oLruras sociedatds lie EMsc g6eiS.u parn ir oi.
tiinalismo, nie no es .)tra con sinl I ellllacipa- canlilltlltadui hacian sos illhe.
cion del hombre de Dios. It. La lila.truopia nn.nsnica, opuest a I
3. Para eslablecer en el mnundo cite natluraiis- caridad crirtiana, sienl(d uni anmur puirailnent
mo impio, nla rranctic soneria bso vlterzh ecn ha- ,natural del hombrue por el humllre, ca inc.;,ap
hiluar l los hollmbres i colsildcrar igitaluc tlods st;l servr de lazo eltlre nla htlln.isnilad y )iD.s, y
la. religions, lo mislulo, l;i hnica vcrdalictr qwu I"p ot" Pe"'ri etCh iiaeilrtopia "a.N".iluiC ijcrcl-
its Lalsas, valiiendos tie la prensa y dti las tandlose i0lo eotre lus fra0crusut.os ev uiuchnai
cuelas sin Dios parra hacer cundir las ideas ma- v,:ceI perjtldicial t In tuociedad civil.
b6.oican en sustittcion de las cat6licas. tl. Para corromper totalmentle la flmilia, la
4. El mnedio particular dle tluci la :nasOneria frottciniitIsonria trahajai para corrolmpcr it In imu-
Se sirve para perder i las almas que creen en la jer. Con cate final, docde ha podido, intriudce ia
existencia de 6rden subrenatural y todavia no lis mnujeres en Ins logias, y es ladelms el alona
estin bastante maduras para el ilanrqueismo tlel miovil.iit ull o tjitulmdo Fiteiniiit' b tie cnanl-
luciferiano, es inclinlarlas a que se enltrugueln cipa)citnll de la mujer, de tilnado a licvar el des-
las practices perversas del espirltismo. orden b ais famIilias co lais apariencins de satis-
5. La fraincniasoneria us tambien utnt secla flacer el desco vago de unai refurmia impossible.
pclitica que trabaja para tender influencia en to- I1. 'arau Icostumnbrar a los hombres press
dos los gobiernos y hacerlus ,istruientulos ciegos cindir tie la Iglesia en ia vida social, ln secta
de su accion perversa, y procurs sembrar per tents de suprimir las ficstas religio-sl y los diam
Stodas parts in rebelion. destinaldos lIa sanllticacioll del aulnl y del dci-
6. El fil que la nmasol, erta so propane seon- cause del cuerpo, roumplazaidulou con fiesta,
brando la revolution en todos lo panes del mlln- puramente civiles.

,(. 100 )

.--" --^ 'S. J(OKI,. IIl' 1 OHSF.IIVATOIY.

S oicY f ,,n.,ro0loil UlmOrvltiotlm durtinvig t h llOnitth of' rnchll, 18L7.
Thermrnnoeter P'sychmrnstrr Anomomtoer Hky
--' ,nax. Muan Pry Wet Haum. Dow Direetion In Quality S

s-oi.0 i".0, 71 771 7 7t6 8 73.0 NE NCI 7 1.75
I .n.I i .A 7?> 82 '4 78' 72 74.0 E ,CS 4
S.I :.9 8 7 82 8a 78 7 74.7 K NCS 74
S *4 4 7 $ 814 83 78 76 74.7 E ON 4 0.12i
.97 1) m. $, 771 82j M 78 72 74.0 SE CI Sk 34
S *.T 9 .-1 8 5 77' 82 83 71 73.0 ESK E H' k 4
17 3.r .? P 78 82 83 78 76 74.7 KEE C N 5
1 3.0 1 .n 3l1 M 774 81 81 75 71 7100. 0 Sk 3
.93 I g .00 851l i 8I 7 7 7 73,6 1 C Sk N 34
9 ., 4 .P O 4 77 83 8 78 6 731.4 ESE CS Sk ti
1 l '7:1 $. -i) l C 78 '1 84 78 72, 74.0 ESE C Sk 8 34
3 i .81 .!5 i5 79 83 $ 78 1kl 70.1 EE < Sk 2
13 .87 .70 t. 8 82 84 7. 77 3.7i ESE O 3t
34 ,.) .88 78 N24 84 78 72 74.0 KES 0 / 0
6 30.02 .0h .9!3 78 824 4 77 72 74.0 18 I N 1 7
it .0 ., .a! Kl 754 82 4 77 8 72.4 1 SE CN 34 O.01
I I .0.5 ai. 81 774 $3 A., T 72 76.1 ESE UN 7
I : .0 ,t 20.17 5 I 774 82 84 79 76 76.7 ESiE CN 21
1t 29.89 29.82 .Wi $61 771 34 85 FO 76 76.7 sE uC .
20 .86 .86 .8 87 8 78 8. 8 8o 76 7.7 X L'
21 .n77 7i .44 87 83 3 R)o 80 74.4 6
S .8 .8 .M 7 78 I 8 1 I6 80 72 7U.1 K C U 6
23 .9 .8M .-H7 M 7i1 M 81 80) 95 79.3 E U Sir. 4
24 .04 .901 .W 3 0s 77 w84 0 3 0 78.3 W Str. U 7
2l.l .0 .0 .9f 3 5i 7 81 83 8 l i 8 78.' N I C 9
2ll 30.111t .1 .l7 4 77 82 81 77 m8 74.3 NE o N Str. 9 1.70
27 .m13 .4 .19 87 77 $R Si 80 6 7 70.7 E N i
29 .* j *.8 .04 $7 7 1 85 $0 76 761.7 E NC 6
2 M1) .D9 2 78 $1 8t 81 76H -77.8 E C
a .87 .841 .A5 ) 70 V 8 ) o 79 68 '74..4* 1N NU .3
31 t.7 .*3 .S6 i 78 .3 86 70 18 174.5 E NO I 3
r- -----
AnJU.IH 29.O 29.4 9 ;0di 7 84 79 j i 74.5 1--ESE C 4 3.60

EulaniUno for thie ySky: C. U'nlaulu. Sk. Ctnrus, s. Stratus, N. Xiimbus, 0 quite clear, tW covered, rtlo.
The average Mrh:|, Ir ni.irb-18i 1as folows:- Tbe Barometer stood at 30.06 on the hst the highest
Harom aa .* Tm inean reached during the month. Thence there were
a*" i lhmnl.anmn. '80'", Wind NE-SE. Ialny three waves of dprelon. (tolloed byas man.v
S9.8, Thierm om Wind Ma lae lli ane linarn. risingsof the Baromiter-.-to 20.94 on the th. to 26.83
In(e ru 4. 77. it ind I ,,E, It ny dna 0. on the 13th and to 20.7; on the 21st, each time the
:7 ginv a lower It 'le shove u'l.aryT of March alnioepherie pressure returning to about 20.9. From'
M3 igh her rI llhO m ri rilrie p re' 2'9.04, and (the 28th ill the end of the Month there was again a
rie' Llytiw. 9n10 mea"n. $1". Thcse two unallty Iteady fall.
-4I anch Iewr. 'The rain was less than last year but From the 2nd the Thernmometer varied but little
wlnl tE enhsmal. There a 1 ewat a stif breeze during the day keepiel between 81" and 8 except
Ided l on the I4ths. aInd 1th, which was on the 19th and 24th. when It was above, and on the
-th a si. fallol i. ilaroleter to 20.83. The 27th. when it fell below.
i '. l am ot the ellcr1; le b er trom 10 'hee humidity was low due to the absence of rain
lt falling belo -ro and steady sea breezes.

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