The Angelus

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The Angelus
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SColon ae a .ittle Sis(ecrs tof the P. st.. P'Age 7
ChroiF"i of the sacred h.eart. 6 Agr culturee 1. ** "
o"e ...* .. ** 'Festival of Xma., ** '
..+ +'+R + ... ;"' "' ++

O I: NY NOTES.. looking -hack at the month whidc has jus
S;.g' "': gone by ve see that it has becase,:i etenltulnc.
Ri4 .* a rjeast in telize. Ahout 4o children made their
Sni 6' I. fnb'-r of ite Angels for First Commninon December 9h. To avmid
SlS9 so nate but.we have ben unex- the danger of fire. instead of candles, each child
pedtcdiyt.etained by the bringing out bright a b ouiquet of fdwher- precautiua
the fii saqu;of the Angelum Almanac. The which it will he well to laopt in similar (fnure
work w new amnd time than was celebrations. The children had a week's special
calculated. We hope that this nc Almanac for preparatio.t and after this great event in their
: h n Hiia Iloidua5iil be fimad generally useful. live they were regaled with a slight refection is
.- During the current yer i( is our inten: n to the school-rtomn an each re-veived, to rein
take notice f the :more important events in the them of the great day, some little present.
Colony andAod br and likewisetobrin before In the afternoon the Children of Nary had
our Spanis Readrm those accirences-in neigh- their annual procession and reception of three
boring omntriCe in whichbllh would new members. Miss Tomas Pacheco their
iateren 't'.' .- -;,ly elected. President cried the planner of
S*-*- the Chiklren lf Mary.
.Viht the caing of the New ear we are gInd
to wteonm eUbc his Excelleny the Gosernor in Amon t the many .bandvlne :hinvg sent iy hcllh after hs y in E lnd. There Mr. Melhbdo from Europe is a beautiful
he li been. engaged on. mportasit bulsiia" in m ., c ig for IIhe Cbnholic Asweia
behalf of the Colony and we have the further o t the Ch A c
ti m. Ths was displayedin the Church As
tapleasureo fleviring tha i 'utit uf hi December gth, on which day two new members
services tier Majesty has been plmaed to appoint
our Gowr a Knt Commander of the Most were admitted to the Associaton.
Ditingished Olrder of St. Michael and St. -
G eorge. His Excellency's retom has lsom ma OnTuesday Dec tath. the young men of the
it more eay for l e Hon H. E. H. Jerninghaa Congregation, who had preseted Very Rev. fr.
to get a temporary release om the duties ofthe Di Pietro with porse of$ 1so, oneesuioso
Cokial Secretaryship. He left ao Sunday his being declared Prect Apostolic ot Britik
December 3L fo Jalswia it HM. M;. Pylades. HoItodisa were Inved so the Prebytery to sea
The voyage been udeatakem lor his health the hamndason deae which had been bought for
and we hope that the few weeks 'change wll them by Mr. C Melado. They:pent a peasant
testmre him to the health a"nd sit mth he Ladevening together hoped hat they m, g have
aes bn l t e*Ls '(L$ Jn W s akM i t L +4d1 ga terings.
"Sil f Z-opa

On Frklay December 14th Shakespeare's especially in his first appearance., l-rvted great
Itrai. "The Tempest" was performed by praise. The drunken part of Stephanh, Attu-
hie 1l"rs iO the Select School, 1e3lize, to a well- nio Alcoser, is perhaps the mnat'difficult part in
fillck though not crowded room. the Play to pirfion well. It seemed a little over-
Sdoie but to. keep the happy mean in snch a
tiseasy to criticize theacti.gofAalateursand character would require a great deal of tudy
to point out defects in the playing of those who an more time than the actor had to give to it.
tread for the first time the histrionic boards, Some persons might object to the introduction
but it would have been hard to have got together of a drunken scene in a play given hy Boys, but
an animater company who could have entered in- as the Spartans of old made a slave drunk in
tttcir parts a thoroughly as the Boys of the order that the sight might deite their children
Select School. Much credit is due to them and from excessive drinking, so.hakespeare in not
so the Master who taught them, for the excel- a few of his dramas introduce. drunken charae-
lent way in which the Tempest" was presented terms and by making them always ridiculous and
to the Public. The Boys had their difficulties, contemptible tends rather to prevent than to en-
ftr Shakespeare speaks a language hard to be courage drunkenness.
mukrstood by olderheadathan theirs, aind some
of the lIs had the torther disadvantage of hav- Ariel, J4hn Rosado, the leader of the fairies
Stho seak i had thne trtherdicadvnittl ore than- poke, sang and danced well, and gives promise
Sy to speak in a tongue e whic e Matore th of dramatic power for future occasion, whils the
Syear ag was known to the. The Master dancing of the attendant sprites called forth oed
had difficulties not a few to overcome--to adapt
the Play so as to bring it within the compass of applause.
his Boys' understanding, to design his dresses, The scenery was very cffectivd, the storm at
paint his scenes, and to teach hii players noton- sea, with which the Play opens, being well re-
ly how to aptak and gesticulate but also how to presented. For those at the end of the rman
trip it on the light fantastic toe gracefully and in however there wasn't efficient lighttobringout
time. Whilst then the spectators were enjoying the various scenes.
the Play.few of the n realized the amount of Is- 'As usual the olfnial Orchestra ltnt their kidm
hour that Master aml Boys had gone through to aid, playing the music quired in th Dramn
please them. It will le a good lesson to the and alhN the interlhds.
Beys of the Select School showing them how .At the end of the play theft. (lowing pri
much they can do with perseverance. were distributed.
Where all the pars were well d me, it may seem A. M. D. G. .:
inidious to particularise, hut certain characters prt of a d e tsd khl. .
call for a few remarks. Irospero looked every
imch his part. lie was as a giant among pigmiks,
the man who commanded king and subjects R it NrOeiLn.
alike, and whom both the fairy and the monster Medal.... ....William Halliay.
had to obey.. His voice and manner were seros, mad Prize".. ..Percy Monre.
soe what sad but self-possessed. Imperious bt rM Prie... .... Lo pod Illr.
e n Jt n he led the various characters hikea acforPhic .... ...ery Moore.
Providencte their punishment or reward. Sakitc DreiL.
Frederick Bddl as thegentle,guilelessMirando Medal .... .* ....Jol Rosdo.
formed an admirabe~toil to Ernest Trumbach's and Prise.. .... .... .aJi Brale.
Proper. William Halliday's eating as Trinculo Pr... I k .

=M "*


: ; .. *. .. ... ... .. .. .

*i. ,'fe.- Tir icro. Next cight lit 'e Inys went through tiNdir drill a
. ri i:. Alfe ldu M 42'1g1 .. : 4 ilhliidcrs. under thi' command 4-:
... *** .. Captain Walter lHempstead. Next we were
5;i:'. iiCIA. PAI ta.i trceatt tothe Danccof the s by so y.mun
rise tf"r 1 ish COmpi ladies carrying wreathes of ross. It wa. a pirfec
ti,; awards in the Fist illiam i.... y. display of rich and varied colotr.. 'Tennyson's
l)isinn lby7 Hs1t, alo rth~"e *1 "To lAte" was put before the p ple in a
Ad'mininltrator. ... drai.atc way thy will not readily f 'oe.
I'rime for n 4 ui impos i ThI little Operetta "The Bundl- of St-k" is
io' award jein the Second ....-.-kdl.. "which a Christmas Tre is introduced w -nr
.i is by His inneioSm)ithe r*. table to thw a ron of the year. Mis. Eth.4
'Adminii"rat r.' ... Trumback as the poor girl taken in for chart
Ne.t in merit *dih special sowe I considerabic rower omf acting.
P J M n ROe li.. .In the second part there was the same la ing
prte". admixture f grave and gay, Miss-' Julia Baia
lierto'rLatin..... .....E. Trumbach.. and Amanda Price giving us "Ome ba* to
Priw- for Spaniah.4. .....John Waight. Erin" and a piece from Concone's Tfliih.
St i John Rnado. The comic songs "Tea and turn out" i
ri. for Cachimta ..s i Uccia. Martin z. Mastenr W. Hemprt-ad anI J. Mirlan anIl
.. I Bernadolncstmroza. "Little bid Woman" by MaKie Bitrn and
.Ptri or I gressirEnglith Alanuel Cucdlar. chrus of tittle folk delight.l the audience
D D. Immensely, whilst in "Unc Nvah" the little.
fellows danced as though they were en springs.
After the distribution of prizes li Hllnour The whole concluded with a short melodrama .
the Attorney-General roe and in a few appr- "The Gypsy's Rewnge" in which we we re
ipate words expressed the great satisfction he treated to a gypies' dance.
had felt in being present t the play they had At the end of the Performance his Honor the
t witnessed. H Hionour the Administrator Administrator rose to return thanks for the
he aid much .egretted that be had not been able Entertainment they bad just witnessed. In his
to come oi account of hs late illness. For him. remarks he said it was evident how much the.
se he had been astonisked at he excellent way audience apprec'st the acting an singing' fth
in which the Tempest had been that even'7 Convent Pupi!s by the enthusiastic way in which
Sperfornn. le ha d evrseen itbetterpresnted, they had enced almost every piece. le hadl
mand he was amazed that ii Inlime with such an be n much pleased. an he th ought the acting
entiabsennce offstage properties.thedresseshad Master W. H mrtad and 1. M r'an an1 .
Seen ad tatefuHly designed and thesceery so Miss Maggie nm an ex-e'ent that if ever
we"l painted. BIlixe was to have a theatre he was afraid it
Father- DiPietir thanked his lHonour for the might lead them whither their parents wouml
kind remarks madehy him, aml said, that if he not wish.
ll)n of the School went on p -M g as they
d doe, on a futuree occasion tey might give
them one of Shake arel s pgrt Tragedis, a <(Christmas Er belga thl t aar and Clris
for Manc'M* mas Tree in the Public Schdantem at 6.op.m.
fo .- _: and it was comtinned during the Thursday and
F Y D& 411tt W Ld 111M ramaic end Psrid. e l itatv. itwsnt very S m y
0 aft=!!'ir but tbem was a Am and a on do y P&M
I Operaic lertia't gie bY "a Pupib of Articles and the sales were good so Mnoday aWl
the S4ct &.ch .d sitt& Cahinkes Consi Wednt sda "R
M.. e was epcsrd from the Sister' ininia
and no oe cu be disppaul" ithh thre rre
iacttiwe aiming em ertainment affoadd Stan Creek to, had ts Basaar durin Chrib-
them. as wk and tihe' ale we are told realized
wct episth a Welcome e than $a4 This wi kit"e we trt good
Charts 'itah tl ie Pcat the Conentprolit toward the eteon la belfry-tbeob-
qearietdy c tb eapsadco stage. ject f tbe Basame.

" ;; In 1
: :.
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R. Rerlnd John Jackmsn.
Tie .smkulcd, and unlockedd .for death of the
J"4'H. JhnJ arltmin, Inspector of Schools half
'4 li amnther warning bi usof tlhcshrtnes of lif.
f le had worked strenuously for the cause of
eedcaitimo and by his applice.ion of practical ex.
perienc hea raked the standard of the schomts
In prale isupoi ir to that of our neighbturthi
C"lnmics li sa system was highly apprted bhy
the holmeL t Enmcent and he wa-s satisfied that
Si spite of never failing complaints his even con;
Sdct thromghont had triumphed and eamind for
:'imn lt confidence of all. We cannm but sym-
sthis sincerely with his hercave family whom
le was n amxious to return to and see. and with
te flock he has served so long.

t. r. RgcW:tl F. Knolys,. Private Secretary
Sia been apoiintcd provisionally to be Inspector
of Schools. We hope the appointment may be
i4alirnmed and niade pennanent.

On Tuvwelay Jan. 8td the Catholic Associathio
met and re-clected the Olicc-lhearera of the pant
lMr. C. Mrlhado....... 'rsidentL
Mr. A. A.!dcnt.
Mr. J. M. RosMad,......Treasurer.
Air. W. I. G(uttern....Secretary.
Mr. A. Rmdon....... .ibralrian.

The Panama Cullapse has come at lat. Sixty
"ilinu pounds at tin are gone and yet though the
rent pat of this enormous sum was Preneh
nomey, the great banking-houses of France are
hardly touched. It is the sall Investors the
pesnt propritors who wil have suffered moat
IWn this bankruptcy. So great wia the entm-
sia in France for M. de Lesseps, so tro n the
belief in th miomwho had made iteSuem Canal,
at as M. Peytral th Minister of Finance tated
i* e Chatmbrca there were 87pmoo Freuch io-
v"MBiai the. Pauai t CmaaL ..Their avem
-lees will br bout 65. The present company

nM hare to wind up hts affair ad sell theI hi-
nues as best they ca. Though the totaltlengh
of the canal is onljy 4 miles a' corespondent re.
cently returned trum Panas declare hed he
thinks not more than one fifteenth of the wrkis
done. Meanwhile the 870,oo kiveton wilt
charge the (ove.rment of the Frcnch Repldic
with having caused their misery and rum. They
sent their engieern to Panama and refused to
disclosethl ir. ort. It is another blow to a
Government already staggering msd this hk. '
ruptcy may have far reaching political come-
The Paniama-canal Comnspanyare trying t ill to
tarry utl their etuLm. but their project ts dioom.
4'to faihr.

Tno Sknmkx o (,;ml. ..
Just when the engineering project to M. de*
tLesepsis under a cloud, an American ynldicle.
is btuy pushikn the scheme for a waterway
through Lake Nicaragua. We have seen a map
of the proposed canal which shows the immense
distances that would he saved hy steamship if the
canal were completed. It would shorten the diw
tance by ema between liverpool and San Frau.
cisco hy 7,181 miles; between thaltpit am New
Zealand by s,6z6 miles; iCalao 4o8 miles; but
the most striking comparison between the o'M
and the projected sea rute through the canal is
that the distance from New York to San Fran.
cico would be reduced from 14,84o miles to
5,76o miles. The project wmver would he of
more service to the two Americas tha to tther
countries for the promoters of the scheme hav
treated the lues canal HIf it was n-esiltent-
a hard thing for poor M. de Lesseps. Briefly
to r ate the work to be done. The cmmunica-
tion between the two oceanst to be effected at
a point where they ar e 69 ailesapart, bt since
Lake Nicararga lr oMere d io t the actual
tleis de anal which iteesnse ya.r)t b at re-
deIs itaef o sensmething *r les. The

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take however Is 1 to feet ahate (he mean level of Catholic to vote for the Partiamentary election
d' he two ocean. Six stupendous locs will there- but this has now been authorintlively denied.
: e be needed which will much impair the w- Corpnmf NAfmunf.
finedd of the caiaL This ba d haokwer A short time ago the head-master, in a it aid.
,eltn bhe more than cnterbayance e School in Notting Hitll, L.odon, was ined th o e
-economy in c nstruton wmi .ie catw of the District Magistrate for inflicting well.
; i:,' r..g nd eet. e, i deserved cqrpo ra punishment on one of the:
i wegi! to f e1. h ool-children without the right of qapeaL The
: ome-Secremtry recommended that the line
;' b Priiiin KreuaZZettung (a Berlin Pro. should b6 remitted. It seems that the children
t' ( nita oerga) bears the following testimony to of the democracy re not to undergo any bodily
he nluence of the present Pope in Europe. punishment though the children of the arint-
S' ad~rthepontificate of the preewtwearer of crcy in all the -chief public schools as Eton,
the timra the VPp wields almost greater n, Harrow, Stonyhrat &c. received corporal puw.
1ence thIs during the Middle Ages. In times ishment in one form or other. The latter are of
t the States of the Emphae have been known Solomon's opinion that "he who spares the rod
to poes opes and German Bihops to rebel spotis the child. We have yet to see bow s
against Rome.. Now iandris o(f douumds of unbirehed generation will grow up in England.
.te CatUlic dcrgy throughout the entire world The experiment in France at-est has not been
rernta united by a chain of u conditionil ole a successful one.
dience to the Apostolic See and k is by many .
millions Mtht the laity shou Db cemnted, who, CmiONICL Of THE SACRED MEART.
t a sicgnal- from Rome, would be made to ad
vance or retire. The Roman Cma is amicably This is an age of anniversary keeping we have
Streted by the two Empires of Central Europe, had the commenorwaion of events famous and of
and for some time back by their adversaries on vents infamous in history. Within the last f.
he et and wes." "It the reI" It conti years the Jubilec of the Pop,, of our Quof's
noe t "of the increed splendor and enlarged reign, of the Prince of Wales' wedding. d
nlauence a r by the Ppacy' er Cathol C athoic Emancipation, of the Emancipatinm Jf
.hiuelves, which comapelsate mesMi gut the Saves have gladdened the hearts of mary,
the entir world to take aecont of tIe positn whilst the celebration of the centenaries ol the
the Roman Cnia placed in. Sechare-the Reltion of 168 in England and
sequences ef the Kultrhampt th le State Luther rve only to remind Catholics of ents
ub dt t severe tr, asd the which brought much p lcution and sorrow.
aer daer i itti phantly. The esult And now me are ging to kwp this year the
m ae." firs Om,
toim gred d tosuply IMe o a tsa, t, stetnary d' th Declaration of the Rights
tro di Inpl h IItuliuene PO 1. Icof Man," in June yp--an event of which we
St e italian* Pena Code whd may wel ask the worid t-
rfe t. ticter the sdit f ~hith l "What bath thls day deservedt What hth It
w e er s- es p0u110 ni the d PEpe That In golden letters hold be st, tdoe
In KIme a dcla ke it is t i akd m Among the high tides'the calendarP
Sm t ired of *okue M**lme thatthe' Itbrought i. we hall be told, liberty,
sre,,ae. E a can lt 'a.. ,. rlEqalty, Frterily tr the m s.e. a da til r. ,w whhi thad idenie the tie Rihts of man.

ft certainly did, we may admit it, break down
mest effectually that which had been oppressive
in the ld feudal system, but at the same time
this Dclaration laid down many principles which
contain a practical denial of God's supreme Rights
wer Man and subject the individual conscience
to the tyranny o the state. It effects were
most disastrous. Many of those who carried this
SDclaration became, as soon as occasion offered,
the worst of'tyrants, at once blood-thirsty and
Immoral. They set up a Reign of Terror which
deluged. France with blood and seemed for a time
to have annihilated Christianity. It has been
eirmated that from so,oooato t,4ooa French
citins lknt their lives in the Revolution and its
onuequent warn, whilst the absurd spectacle was
wi n ed of a prostitute-carried in triumph and
et up on the altar of God to be worshipped as
the goddess of reason. Now people are prepar-
ingto keep holiday in memory of this Declaration,
and the principles of '8 will find many apologists,
ihro will ovrlook the harm they have done on
account of certain benefits to modem society
which have flowed from them.
It behoves then our Associates to join their
prayer with millions united with them in the
Apostleship of Prayerfor the recogntio of Gode'
riAf 6; aa smeen which is the Intention for Janu-
ary ,889.
OJteus, through the most pure Heart of
Mary I offer the prayers, work and sufferings of
this day, for all the intentions of Thy Divine
I offer them in particular, that what is Thine
atl ten may render to Thee willingly. 0 Heart
f Jesus, Thine in truth is athecartbl; and what
touldaimest from as s fl our good. Amen.

F-ido ed aso 1889 el Centenario del infauto
alo de 1789 en quo ee proclmar.nm lu derechoe
del hombre oa enoabo de s de Dio y co
lah idia de I Reigion en lo coresones de nqee.
I oiserwue enrog de ~fmen e & a revoke-

The Lnth tNra dt Prr.

IHRISTMAS is a time ef ood will
and the better part of man's mtre
manifest itself to advantage at this
Mseaso in the muted exchange of "pece to
memn f good ." .There e few Eml ih-
spe.ak ingommmanies where the retreothis


' 7

cion; so Santidad he creido ekhiamente incukar
, lip asociedoe del Apotoulato tde roger princi-.'
palmente parn que los derechos divine se vuel.
van i reinterar en este alo centre la socledealec
que se glormn de profeisr el steinmo. Triate
en verded es el especticulo que presentan lo
gobiernos en ii poca actual, Is mal entendia
separacion de I Iglesia con el Estadod'ao ha
sido ma que un pretc-to para que los mealo
pudi6ran hstilizar impunemente a Iglesia, Ars
que dsta pudidra reclamar ninguna protection d
lu autoriaders civiles: y hay Gobierno que boy
dia no s onotentan de esa neutralidad pasiva,
inoe que aprovechan de cualquier frivoln-pre-
texto para hostilizar ana Religion que interir-
monee aoirrecen. I'Kamoe pues, juntamente
con el Pape, parn que Dios e ap da'de Ia So-
cledad actual, y que vuelva k miner sobre los ie.
divided, familiu y pueblos somo el baico legf-
time soberan Seiiorde tode institucionahnmaa.
O h Jesu miot pnr medio del Corazon inme-
culado de Maria Santisima, os osaractoha ra*
ciones, obras y. trabajas dcl prsente die, parare-
parar ls oonsas que ro s haccn, y por lasdeman
intendaone de vuestro Sagradu Crason.
Os ha ofrerco en particular pars que today los
hombres acaten lo 'indiscutibles derechas de Dio
sobre los individuos, las families y ls pueblo; y
todao opongan el cumpliminto de sM rapectvroa
dcberes los pretendidos derwAos del Aantre.
Cumplir cada mae am deberea individuals, y
defender lo derecho de Dic en todo.

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erry ea odos not witness dhe reunion of the sawe wherei a pair of large gates allowed e-;
tau'ly which for a time ina been scattered trance and I hd hea of the Liuk
abroad in the weary puruit of gain, and where Siaters of the Poor and had see n i many town
l charity ldeicately distributes wet- their sombre van bearing from house to house
cane portions anr'gtte mornedymember the self-appointed "beggars of the poor," but
ot society. It Is a family feast, knd the Father, within the walls of their Poor man'shouse, I has
is b nst te r he6 reide or the festivi never been. There was no policeman at the
io"rd. i* awn beae" at o fi appy s eel gate--no officiousness in delaying a visitor, but
like an exile trom his cot. : a.'' poor cld. man promptly presented himncif at
Tiisindly ove has become expansive ad as the mere presence of an inquiring stranger and
a c umq *' enevolent associations eisut to conveyed the message given him to the convent.
disahtic thEir dole of umnan sympathy. and "Come this way Sir," was the pleasant reply
srQii(taloMifed hoo t. e d and worthy and in another moment I wis ushered into a mnest
ind-i without .wd i ot e mast sensitive but by no meant luxurious parlour. After a few
istinct.' minutes of curious expectation, a Sister entered
ut what i e Othosands of poor humanity, and in a simple and anaffected chatty manner
who know o family circle?-of those grded toldMne she would see the Reverend Mother.
men, who are even beyond the pale of the lon- What funny people these nuns are!" thought
eat a ,nd woaty? Are they aloe: to pend thise to myself,-" so self-possessed, so conscious f
oli season in ullen mrnimurings at their seces their great littleess-their happiness seemstobe
sitous coaditioui without relief, like hungry men in making others happy and the smite on their
chained downin ithe midst of abundance? faces appears only to he a veil to screen them
Ths tlflectin it as which suggested the from observations on their oodness. And what
present notice of the Little Sters of the Poor, do they do all day? how can they sht themsel-
whOr e .demi reed .and indicriminate charity t es up in this strange fas io"r'
will meer thiChristmas, as it as done years Before I had finished my soliloquy and ex-
o e by,. miay heart .suken dw ian .dic- gained a few pictures on the walls, a gentle tap
late admess. a t the door announced Reverend Mother, who
SUste to me,dear colonies, wi conduct presented herself with such quiet case that I had
yo to a plact where tll mir.e JLeavng so difficthy in stating dearly the purpose of my
behind mle dthe crlded asoe aIrith and viWl.
keary whberia ife's every yi fs fid its "With your permission Reereond Mother, I
ratieiatitoe, mse e 6. d on i ld like towsee er this etablisment adlearn
a side stleet wht Poer porty.*auaied .t. es ee earsef the end you we for and the sy.
had shrnkuh to aib4 air htieejB t i ear tem you pnme ln thi sobledcaity."
espedeandt Al e** ud build- "You ar we a nad It wilt bey pleasure
ngse tbdprmneady Unward a 8ong 0- te Iam'nel Iseavy lnqA 'sad, ato a n
1S 7 <' mong the* s to allost answer to any ioquiies, and as- y
'*"'" *a*B a S l aik h welB, have ren '0 Oepportuenlyyou ean seeehe frst
: .-. I" a me,


sep in the day's routine." .The bell. had just but they speedily conform to the ways of the
rog and I heard the sharing of many feet others-go to prayers with hem, and even are
ang the inner corridor-an occasional crutch the first n chapel where. the bell rings i-see for
best upon the floor.and now and again an ex- example, here i Mr. Brundit a Lancashire man
damation and a laugh as of. some person who and he is the most punctual of all, but he has no
was vainly struggling to accomplish, what un- notion of ever tuning to Mother Church.".
sided forces were unable to effect. It waa strange sight to see so many straysof
The door opened and there I saw a collection te great cities, men whose blighted fortune
of men and women, ome old, some middle-aged, brought them from affluency to degradation and
Ibt al infirm.. They trudged along to the pret- whowere saved for this ife and the next by the
ly little chapel and filled the two sides quite full. charity of thme Sisters. Here was a sailr-there
A young priest issued forth from the sacristy a lawyer-there a gentleman prodigal-there a
prceded by two old men as acolytes and as once thriving business man, here poor lost emi-
Mass was said the choir of long used-up voices gr butb al were sitting lic brothn of the
made sacred melody that was grateful before the same family.
throne of God in response to the prayers recited On the tab was bread in abundace and a big
hy a sister. bowl of coffee for each, while a Sister was walk-
Service over, we followed the lame and the ing up and down, hiding the infirm, coaxing the
Salt to their respective refectories. And as the convalecnt, joking with the eccentric, cheering
poor men sat down I cat an inquiring glance t with an unpretentiousness tat was remark-
slong the line of faces. One or two only wore able. n fact she walked, young as she was, as if
a sad and gloomy expression; the test were at the room belonged to her and all the hoary-
complacent and contented. headed paupers inre her children. Now and
SWho are these Sister?. They seem so dif- gain the cranks of old age would manifest them-
ferent from the rest" svesin murmringor pettishness, but they were
"Yes indeed, poor things, but before long tey daily checked by the Sister saying-" Well
will assume the pleasant aspect of the rest: you john if you don't want speakto you that is
see they are the new ones, and are not accus- the way to behave." The effect of such an ap-
tned to a ye." peal was infallibly a suppliant glance which beg-
"Are all the inmates Catholics gad forgiveness Some of the inmates were half
"Oh no, we take any one, Jew or.Gentile, i e-oters pralyed-thers deaf, in fet all
lack or white, that knocks at the door and begs te misses we are heir to were united in tat
tance-be they sick or be they poor, matmed om and tended to with motherly agree
w blind as long as they hae a solo save they Brtcomen thekfemalewad. They wraetill:at
have a hoe here" beakfast and wl tey might be for what else
"And have you any troUb with those who had they todo. Some were prin in their own
ae not Catholcs?" way, a were tidy, seral were lelples andhad to
"No..iwatevet, tor we neer molestthe, be d with ti e spoon like tal by th Sisters

.. ... .

a --". ~- .--- ________________________
B Tr so disfigured that she rdly looked ."Yes it I generally very good, for threiknd
' iii oaimm lkuing, tasting away under the cor- sous on whose charity we depend, arecarefulnot
: widingwor nof aprosy; yet al were oothld and to give mere refuse and some even make kI
c .aressed wilh a tender finrness such as no child point to give as the best."
could sho to its other. "But where do you get theeanstosupply
". Oh" said the Sister with a laugh, "thescoud all this food and clothing and washing and frin
women do give us trouble sometik es and try our and bedding Jor so many (about aoo) Indigpa
S patienceihdd. The oldmenmaremor retractable persons ? ;
Then we passed to their dormitories where all Thereisno secret in that; everything welhas.
was as idy a first dclassiostal. we beg and then select out the choice portions fr
S"But what do they d. al day long?-they the sick, and-for the table; and thescrapsare
must be weary. of their own existence Sister at cleaned and converted into soups or minces or
Times and then to believe their dulness yield to stews, so that nothing is lost. The clothing we
envies and quarrels." obtain in the-same way receiving sometimes cat-
S "Oh dear no Sir, we make itjaoint to provi- off clothes, sometimes remnant of pieces, and w
r dsomelttle occupation for them. The women contrive to satisfy their wants. The washing is
knit, sew, make the beds, ay the table,sweep done mainly by the Sisters themselves, asbutlew
the corridors and quarters, wash up; and the of the women have strength enoughtostand or
men cut ime-wood, clean the windows, do a little the wash-tub."
a. the garden, help about the kitchen and so on. "And do you meant say then that the almn

It is true that we-oten have to go over It a our-
eves but for that we are he. If they do get
at loggerheads, we generally have influne en-e
ough to make them beg pardon."
"And so the day isfully taken upr
S "Compltely, for with firm people uch as
our big family consists of we can hurry over
nothing; consequently by the time the st old
lady has drunk her tea and got half wiy through
her pip, we begin to make ready for nner and
Sagn or supper and then f r bed."
-That isl vey well, but when do you eat
SI sppose yo do note ea air, ad when o pe
Sta st or a -yoCis dties.".
"We ta.e a meals when e othsom have l

And. on the same class ofood"

you receive in your daily rounds, is ample for so
"Oh yes the Hotels, the Restaurants, the houses
of the rich, Catholic and Protestant alike,--he
butchers' stalls, the bakers' shops-and any or
every other establishment is called upon according
to om particular want."
"Does nat the begging shame you somewhat
"Well thee are occasions when we met with
abse and ae ncivilly spoken to, but, hank d,
the people are for the most pat pleased to mees,
and hppy to aid us. F you see God Alaighty
arranges al wel It was in that manneroor
Institute wa established and It Is or duty to fol-
ow the example of ur predecessors, whom Ood
tried t and then rewarded. .In mfe or very
e and ties oject otf oe t Is to erve the poor-

., It

cs of the poor and see in them all, our Blessed
lId. To do this webeg, andthe frut of our
S gging supports first our poor and then oursel-

"But can you not take scholars of a better sta-
timn for educational purposes?"
"No we have not even that douceur to tempt us
from our poor."
"Welt I can without any strain realize the
mental trial you have each and al to pass through.
You have to treat as your betters those poor
Abandoned, wretched people, and administer to
their every want with even delicacy, both to the
insolent and murmuring, as to the humble, sub-
missive and grateful"
And than I reflected a moment.-Just look on
these charming ladies-who have given up their
fancy lk for the dark rough serge-who have
l.ft the social gatherings of musical talent and
cultivated wit for the babbling nonsense of un-
Strained wrecks of humanity, who have forsaken the
caresses of fond parents and the adulation of
iebnds to nurse and tend for Christ's sake the
grateful often and always uneducated castaways
of society heroism, heroism talk of heroism
i emergency ;-that is but an overheated rational
instinct, where impulse overules reason anddoes
a noble deed; but.the heroism of the Sisters ftl-
lhb continuously a succession f heroic deeds-
day by day repeatng e daring of the bravest,
quenching for love all the natural uprisings of a
ebdllious constitution, pressing repugnance to
What the hutincts most abhor.
Meanwhile we had travere the garden and
cereatiob ground ad wer ne o n mre at the
S"Sister" aid "gve in anautshell thetis-
tory of bis admirable osdtuton." :.

__ ~

Few indeed and simple ar the points. St.
Servan hin France is a small fishing locality and
as the seafarers were often long away and often
lost-in toiling on the sea, their poor wives and
children were but too frequently left without re-
course and frequently in absolute destitution. To
supply this callof charity Monsieur 'AbbW le
Pailkmr in !84o called to his aid one Marie
Jamet, and then another and encouraged them
for love of God to assist the necessitou even by
begging alms for their relief. Then he gave them
charge of two or thfee aged women, then he
brought others to assist them, then he formed a
little community and.sent them aromud basketon
their am to solicit aid for the poor, but they as
frequently received ridicule and contempt. Little
by little however the holy work took root and the
vow. f hospitaity was taken by each member
never to refuse board and lodging to whomsoever
should apply. Hence it is that winter or summer,
wet or cold, whosoever applies at the gate find
bed and board gratis for the love of God.


ARA probar today verdad que en-
cierra el titlo; no ocerrir raones
y argamentom que piedan rebatirse.
Me valdrd de la Iica delos hechos, que m ad-
mite discaside y de beclos rdcietes, y mis
que ecientes doloroos esta Colona, par que
recordades siras de pnvisida y ethlulo para
eucacmlar can adeito -s fuersas viva. del

Ifce pocMAgoi Wq4 tod t dedcman of eak


4,ti del i akiTil ea prpordoicns te comside- s
nries, ponindoose fbriceade saicar en grande y
eajls y con today tlas niquinas y sparatos em-
pleados en los demi palase productore Lis
eanpresarios estohan ekos de llusiones y escape
ranan. Todos creyerom que se hbia hablldo el
nrimoiocodondal. y que era am latente ins-
uotab de rirquez. La plnts se di tan bien,
es tn rica de jgo, y por tanto tan pinglics lao
beneficios que producia sun calculando come
* Iimoe predo doce rresl It arroba, quc era
cuailo me podia penyr bajaria, que nadie se
cupo de prevenir an fracaso, que per desgrci
as s hizo espers?, y wP preentL6 smenazante
.nitU.e .

..ti ca e reHmots, de lukgr y tienpo,
blad sentir m effects ruiaoseo en estas etoonia,
aeoino.pduCor de asocar. Esta eala historic.
E ta s doce de lIs gueare de Napotedn contra
los Ingleses, e encontrib Is Francli sin ezfcar
per ester intercepted el camercio con a colo-
aels que producing dicbo articalo. Lots nimoe
* e(oncese preocpreteo y quisieron adimatar la
cusa duke a Provtens, proyecto latil; m di6
im esumtdi o spetecdd y buseado. Ya mn t747
Ib lbaimido u qemiceo Pruosinoque lea rakes
do h cnolacbi conte nin aicear: e potb i
us eecaumo'pi lenary i necesided,-pero so
Sdlren inted tno i l cor. er a, costoi e
ipesedhml a, ml* =oo nefiiaI y* de
a y a~ cabl i ensd de jyd dintelien-
cia a cgado & estabibec ia iadeirl mao-
'due :s echraboragl6 deu adcirderemo.
IaS, apia iii ct1iw u eaten do
em. Mica O W M e&e wrnbs ona Friacms,
.. Sle, a maln," Hobdj S d& Resis.
SAtl isrf rdciem tales Mecads. del
Mam. Ai f, eta catid te(n asado

a saz .,-necesarismente se deprimi6elprc: o..
'a d este lado del Atlantico no se pudieron ex-
orttr las sesenta million 'de arrobs que se en-
4rban anualnmenteiEuropa, y;; ohdescounelo
e hizo poco mcnos que impossible In explatctin.
Ie nl cahamniel, y decayb Ia lndfstria -n toIt Si
Amrica, insular y continental.
Als, poe modo taan'amentable se han 4.iW
que convertir lo coetoss ingenious, extens "*
formalestraba)o, .en pequcEas fabrics de amu-
car y aguardiente, consultando con exqnisite p!r-
dencia el congumo local y de las costas.vecinas.
cuando no so han abandonado del todo, que es-
to tambii ta nsucedido y en no in ignificaite
ndmero; ni de los menos en valor, sino, scaN,
los que mis costaron y mayores rend.imiento
alcanzaban. Cuantas veces at pasr per catas
haciendas, no hipo4ido menos de recoidarla
tan conocida canci de Rioja, A lis raiu dr.
Estos, Fabio, (ay dolorl que ves shore
Campos de auledad, mustio cotlado,
Fueroo an tiempo, fibriea famous c.
Pero c ando se presentaba la crisis, co
qued dicho, amenazaute y trrible, qoui
DMIs para bien de este pueblo -que estuese de
Gobernador e dignisimo i lutrado Seror
Barlee que, con an pleno conocilento de 5s0
procedures oSciale y singular energia, atendi
i am o cio y no & l popularidad, y rompleado
cona pernicious ratios y lao poco eIticada'
preocupaciones de persons respetable per we
dot es itelectate, rectitd de itenciones y p-
ciba social, bia que tochra co re glarided
los.aporeM de N ea Orlea s, pawo trcende
I'tel l blem er, que d al iciairse caunb pmes
y amargras &i -s cmvreco promoter, qpe h1*
eemnsead con acritd y aemde mite eA Gobier-
a de l Metrepoll, ya adie regatea los *o-

( 3 )
f .

gi sy lhaanzas: todos confiesan que el Seflor
apiece eraamigo del pueblo y del progreao, y
.qe Ie adoniahan todas lta cumlidades de an em-
pieado Inglds; sin pasiones mesquinas, pensdor
y tnk;rico .
Con la Ilegads de los vapores aqui, qued(b
alcrtn el comercio con los Estados Unidas, re-
cibendo impulso y desarrollo el frutero, mejo-
rando n s condiciones econ6micas del pdbico
n general y enjugando en part la crisis.azuca-
tern que 6lo se dejd sentir en tods so gravedad
de lon directamente interesados e tan dalce
feoate de riquexa.
El plitano 6 banano ha sustituido con ventaja
al clthro de Is cala de adcar por sa facilidad
de iembri y cosecha, y no necesitar grande
recursia par dedicarse k sa explotacibn. La
aficiBe y gusto de los Norte-americanos ha creci-
do por esta delicada y abrsa fruta, y sa consa-
mo legal & centenares de miles de pesos. Fijin-
dfle en sO bonded bajo todos los puntos de vis-
ta, comprindese que la imaginaci6an e hays
.complacido en crar ficciones origmales sobre
ert plants. Hase supuesto, entire otras coss,
que era el irbol de l ciencia del bien y del emal,
situado en medio del paralso terrenal y de cuya
frta estaba vedado comer & Adan y Eva; pero,
para mi, y no obstante tas punzantes burlta y
nsarasmo injurioos de que fau objeto el Ldo.
D. Gregogo Juares de Nicaragsa, opino con fl,
principalnente en el presente case, que "el pl-
t1ne cambr as el man& que Dios hizo cacr
sabe a pueblo ecogido an el Deierto" pars
su mantenimiento y re~lo. -
Pe eo la sntuaciRb peconiaria de esta comar
c es i toda ltces batante haliagefa, pero.des-
cae bests aborts e m s steguridd contradicha
POr .-cienad, y que mIa (6eno s termpr

pneden tlos contecimlentos futures poner de
manilento el error quie e padece con Iloes ineas
como se padeci6 inn I calfnleL El misterioso
ueeio de Farabn, que represents lo Intereses
materialte, so repite con regularidad aombross
al travis de los siglosi despuas de lu rcas gor-
das, vienen.las fcas y as devoran. Jos Ies
cienci quo interprets y a prevhisib quoe salva
imitarle as deracionale~ Este 'pasue biblMic
mspir6, a mas de s obserrci6n, i Shakespeare,;.
el pensamiento de que hay nam mares en lot ne-
gocios humnos, quo en In pleamar, conducen e
In fortune.
"There is a tide in the affairs of men,
Which, taken at the flood, leads on to fortune."
Verdad reconocida por Ito modernos econo-
mistas ajo el nombre que le nan dado:de Cico
commercial "
Sin asr larmists, que no hay porqo6 ni parr
qu6, ec necenrio calcular to que' sceder. A
mis de que today la costs intertropical del Atltn-
tico se esti Ienando de plantaciones de banano,
en Cub- se esrtn formando haciendas qne, con
saser'que emplean hasta trecentos trabajadores,
as puede calcularu kimportancia; y nadie i nors
que eas sics Idsa fine las ventaas de sa posici6n
geogrtfic y que mis ftos, i no m perat, a
ceden en caidad A los mejores que se dAm em to
pais ens favorecidos de Is Zona tmplada ;-7
que ls frnats onitadas quo y ban empesado i
mandar i Earop. hba dade reitados superior
rae & todas is esperaunas..... Deber ae decklo.
Lo oferts e eutre paco tempo mayu r que t
denmasda; t preci carer, y sa o s precae el
mat, de bomancble ds cimbiati Is sita di6 en
Adi, poet, do demayr, quo paro alBm *B-
brs motive g cuvlti so del bo co-




.n~drima eirrse en scl d, dando mayor impnls with it pleasurable emotions, and these ae
SIt siem;bra de co; s ydedicda do t planta- practically called intoplay by the receiving and
ciWn de cacaotales y d i paie de bhle, el jeni- entertainingof relatives jnd friends; especially
in those countries 'where as a rule these ame
quin. y otra- pltntas due, si ai t. tl en s widely separated, during the year, and in ans
podciUn. relstirimncon nAs egwridd ls camse for aany yerar s On this occaon it is a
competen!is oeel pOvenir. Coa eto, tambien natural impulse to welcome the long absentee a
' se lograria tra ventajaeconimica. "Pordeame- with the best cheer at command. Thef Ccdenc
SJorar plitIoe;la traloS tidesm e qu ia to celebrate joyous events by feasting, although(
k oas bndo anter sn case, allied to religion of itself
-lls pl iao ando t nutionl and prevail over the world and, (to
y coan ell, cpittal y trtblje. Sembramno caao, conne ourselves to our own mother Country,)
btie jeilei n.e estate ceria is eacion agri- we know that itwas the ame in Pagan times.
oIa sique aptiha tanto 'lh agriculture, y ea When our Sqxon forefather s became Chriu
ree de pirdidta driar cuantiocs ganancias at tin, PopeSt Gregory commanded that they
.nprcenrie. ~ t. hnJkle allowed to kill their sheep a1 oxen,
SEs baltdi I advertenci? and feast epon them on the Church fetials a
'Vamos. S no hb ceartado q epon hey had been used to do at their idolatrous
y Msda valic lasm centers in io n i feast. Then s now a Christmas day which
Se sriquiens l intenones que ilevo de p, did not bring a supply of good things wold
gar, sunque con mnet. ae a f r se, por fatti have been garded by the majority with Al
de otrs medios,.- geneross hospiialidad qou the abhorrence which nature ha for a vacMas."
recibo en esta afortud oldonia.-Day o.quChristmas day without plum-puddina, woulaedt
e1 : a pudding without plums not to be toltri4te
-EL. PiaIswo. for a moment. Minced or mince-pie- anolber
d- Idi ofcomnlderable antiquity is asc>an essential
Tle festtfl of XA and imts e aticl of Christmas fare. In Chri tmatolk4otr,*.
.: utnint. iL is said among other innumerable items, that
in as many boue as you taste minc-pies dur- aw e h e em plyedto e. ig Christmas, so many happy months will you
signote this reat ~ eativl as for instance, in b dmng yar.
Germany it i known as Waeih hten or the Turke appear to form a portion of Chrst-
loly Night, for holy Indeed wa the iht a o ta ta everywhere, claiming a place almst
which the angela sang,. "pae on ear to equal to e Rost beef of Old England.
maen at good wL." Is Basque it I called "There the lge rirloie reed, hard by
SEgnbee, orte New Day, oit ed the Plnm pmrridge stood and Chrirmiass pie;
coming of Him who Writo make all thng new Nor fp d old Scotlmd to produce,
latheCeltic tongue, Chrinmas Eve is e :ed At soch hi tide, er savoury goose."
the Ni -ry, for :Iledom alwy Its at p trestin t trace he origin
mawso ulates ft it wa s" SL m an dlweran peculiar to the smasom which
Chrdstmast-beiss sea su, un ra w in vogue long o. One of the mist
ladne, t m also rally acted with famts ctom connected with Old Christmas
feelings h easo n a material was the burningg of the Chritmsa blocker
m EM teta i t-i boy VI&d bring Yil ot. Tphis Lin opposed to have btenmieded

( 15

down from the Norseworshippera, -who at mid- also .very ancient. A learned non-Catholic
winter burnt a huge llock of wood in honour of divine takes high precedent and says, "that the
Tlhr, the Thumder-god, when they mingled angela who bhrtght the news of .he Saviour's
feasting with sacrifices and other religions rites, birth to the Bethlehem.Shepherds were the first
It was the custom to sing a stanza as the log carol singers This species of sacred song i
was laid on the fire-place, andl lighted with a undoubtedly.ol great antiquity, although an-
fragment of that. which had 'been burnt the fortunately those sung by the ,early Christians
pvrious year, It was called yule or jule,which have "nt been handed down to us. They were
is considered by ome to mean s festival, and first Introduced into England by the Venersale
the mne in still appliedtn the season (s yule Bedeand appear t have been originallyof
tide) in the north of England and some parts two sorts. One was of a serious nature, sung'in
f Scotland. churches :.uhei ng rin

The Wassail-bowl or grace-cup (a mixture of
dle, nutmeg, sugar, toast, and roasted apples,)
may also he mentioned. Wassail or was-hail
Sand drink.hail were the usual -phramnof quiff-
Sing among the Anglo, Saxons and were synony-
mnon with thu "Here's to you "or "I wish you
good health "of the present day.
Although this expression has now a very
limited ignification, anciently t meant mirth and
tstivity 'generally, and in thi sense in ferremd
Stoby Shakpeare as follows:
"The king doth wake to-night,and takes his
-Keeph wassail, and the swagger ing spring
And Milton likewise says,
"'lm loth to meet the rudeness and 'will'd
Of chl late wiasaler."
Wassail songs were song during the festivities
f Christms, generally at might, not only by
kinerat musicians, but by the minstrat attach-
ed to the kintg's ort, who were honoured with
. he uni e of the royal "watst "or watchers;
they were ldsdy entertained and entitled to
it in the minstrls' halL ln many country parts
f great Britain, the custom of the wantss s
stil kept up, especially in Wale, where it
form quite a pat of the season's amusement to
e aw ened during the night by the mul: of
e waits, andto lsten during the day to the
strain of de earesingen. The practice of
signing carels to celebrate the Holy Natinty is

The happy night,
That to the cottage, as the crown
Brought tdkings of salvation down."
SThe other was of a convivial character, and
adapted to the festive season like the. wassail
songs. In grand Christmasses, keptup in days
of yore-in the court of the Saxon and Norman
kings, carol-ingingconstituted a necessary part
of the ceremonies. So popular did the cus-
tom continue to he, that Wynkyn de Worde one
of the earliest English printers was induced to
publish a set of "Christmassie Carolles" in the
year 1531, containing amongothers the cekbrat-
ed Boar'shead carol, sung atthe chiefe servyce,"
or on the bringingin of the Boar's head. the
crowning Christmas dish which, decked with
rosemary and bay, wasplaced on the table with
great pomp and ceremony, accompanied by a
special festal song.
SCarol continued to gladden the festivities of
all classes until the stern face of Cromwell male
the nation grow grave and the pur:tanical
Parliament of a65, which commanded "That
no obervane shall be had of the five and
twentieth day of December, commonly called,
Christmas day,"-uppressed them entirly. *
As the May-tide sports had been denounced
eatheenish vanities, so was the observation of
"a-perstition festivals," ncluding.'even the
harmless "Christmas-ye," which they stg-
matised as "crated idol,"on account of its
having bee md in e formno a cri, and
Ientalkg a snmillmage of paste, tended to

AT1iIML an y SanEU

S" Ill;

.illustrate the minvstrvy d tlihe..,ason. not enjoy its d(Ilights the lens for just renCmnlw -
Although after the. Restoration. as in the case int Htim for a moment as they lok upn it.
of Mav-dly and noher national diversimns, there Santa Claus the tutelary guardian of chikldn,.
was a partial revival of Christmas observances though known hv different names in differen
artkiclarly in the extra consumption ef viands countries performs the smne office d ry7vhre.
peculiar to the seas, iM, a lengthened period awd is usually represented in the same nawert.
the sevfe social code enforced by the Puritans In the still watches of the night or very early i
left its influence, Tidtavy we ha~r hut a the morning. he steals down the chimney. and
remnant oq car'it-inging consiting of loose deposits his gifts-in the little one's sticking. lbt
rhymes containing slight allusions to no chikl has ever seen hlin.
"Christ our Savitmr Iornlon Chrya'nlu day" In France too the festive is kept up
ald sung aho.ut the treetshy children al comn- and in some respects with customs not unlke
iwno people as a pretext fur collecting almns. those of BIritain. Paris that gayest of capital i
i te e N f t this time g ycr and brighter still. The cem-
Inthe mummners of the ISNorh of gland, lectlners' tps outrival the fihlcd palace.
1h0 go from honlv to-house hi disguise, (gen- fAldin. shots ontrived the fabled patacc
who o fromn hgo y to house i, d)uie e (uin- ol Alnddiu. Rustic musicians herald in the h Il
rally in estate f Inehriety,)lik e te Guis.dsof uight with the trains of the "hautlia de l'aent.
Scotland, not yet totally extinct, we have a In Brittany the oas ers" or waits mal.e
faint reprnsentatihm ofthe mlasqueradc once so Christmas music, and carol are sung ly the
p.oular aln cxhil,ited with such splendour. thcet voices of children. In Auvergne asl
No lger can the post ring I'icanly procesions ofthe shepherds seek thecril
'l:inglaml wa merry England, when erected in the church, in memory of the Infant
Old Christmasi brought his srtts again. Saviour' birth, aml the people wenMd their way
'Tws Christmas bro ah'd the mightiest alc to lMas with a pnow white lamhl decked wilt
Twa Christmas toli the merriest tale; ribbons. There are rustic sports toe and the
At Chrinuas ganlmbol oft could clier
The, poor man's heart tlrootgh half th year." festival is joyously kept up.
e r man's heart th gh half th- yer. Christmas eve in France used to be the timie
Fronm the most remote times branches of trees for releasing, with solemn rtate and mlagist-rial
ami flowers, were employed in religious cere- dignity, all horses, kine, andl u as, gnit)y of
monies as emblems of gladness. A Christmas straying from owners' paddocks, and, in comn-
carol of the time of lenr VI. is called "A song quence imured in the limbo of the pound.
of the Ivy and the Holly" and the modern Every lire, too, used to be put out and freshly
practice of orna.mnting Churches and dwelling, kindled by a brand blessed by the curd.
houses with evergreens at Christmas maybe In Spain they keep Christmas solemnly.
considered a remnant of this ancient usage. The streets are empty; the churches are full
In the northern countries of Europe (Ger- though even there the homes are decked with
many more epecally) a large bough i et p flowers and the social board assumes a iftive
in the principal lom at Christmas ti'e, the a' Norway and Sweden, there is also the Tr.r,
branches of which are hung with presents uit- and in soeplaces the Crib ;--Lerywhere lights
abletd thedifferentnerhersofthehouseholdand laughter and at er.ry party a monster Chrit-
invitet guests. It is there called the "Tree ms goat with great houms nd shaggy head,
of de Child Jess" and snow so well known to dashes in and bombards then with Xmas gilts.
ides s that w ned ay so Even in America where old carols and old
s that we need say omore btt Customs are unknown the pople t unite in one
than to remind children that it 'was fint reared glad burst of welcome to Chrst's natal day.
In onour o the lfant Jes and uhttthey will : T. W.


.lonths. 13aronimter. Thcrmoni. P'ischrnmeterl. Anemomieter Sky v 'RTai.

2 -. ___ I
M. Ml |e... anp n.Mi. 1ff Jy. W.. Ily.B SBw.1Mlrtdx.I sV QWt. $ SyV .
n0ry....... o.. 84 o l 7 i- 4 1 E.N~E .N. 7y 3...
1emay..... ..25 29.6 90.39 7 68 .19 7 2 75 68.s NE.SE C.N. 4 C ..(o
Marh ....... 30 4 29.0,9.97 .34 86 G1 2 73 69.35 E.NE 7m C.Str. 4 a
April.......... 9.94999. 2188 1 o 77 6 72.4 IE.SE NC.N. 4 4.9i
AMiy......... 29.-7419. 37 89 s 7 3 77 73 I E.S C.N. 14 6 .4"
l9..7....... 1 9 1 75 63177 7 73 .iE.SE i"C.N. 6 1 12o
Ju. .3o.oS 29.o 29.9.2S 9o 75 1 8 73.1 E.NE n .Sr. 6 S 20.
August....... o.0229. 8519.9o.v7 91 7 is j 7275.1 I E.NE ,in C.Str. 6 -23 lo.6,
Septemnlr ...i29.97 19-60. 2980.37 9' I l 5 8 7 72I 70o. SE.NW im C.Str. 6 i 11.27
Octler..... '0.01 9. 9.S 1 o2 69 3 7 973-4 N.NW iC.Str- 5J. i6.o
Novemenlcr....3o.o029.7i9.93. 34 6 '7 7s 71 7.19 N.NE in C.Str. 4t*6 9.65
D)ccefer....3o. 9.13o5 .41 83 5 2 71 I68 966.3 N.NW 5 SkStr 2 .t

Year. I3o.l29.6029.95.3 921 S 34 ol 74 74 7.3 .SL.XW 54mC.Str I5 i.

Daily. average of rain o 6o inches.

According to the present year's Summary we
lind that the atmospheric pressure, as in muost
tropical climates. varies hut little. The maximum
in the year is 3o-.29, the minimum g9".6o and
thusthe range of variation od.6p and the average
of the year 29".9g. Taking this last reading as
a point of departure and excluding the two ex-
tremcs 30o.29 and 299.60, which were due to
ery .exceptiluially cai l, we have generally
I speaking rise of not more than oo.2J and a de-
pressrn not greater that o.lal,

The mean temperature of Relize this year
was So", the maximum o2" and the minimum
.S'. giving a range (if 34 But if we take the
arvrage of the maxima. S'". and of.the minima
7t"'he range is only 17", which shows a won-
derful evenness of temperature compared with
that of other countriCs,where the. Thermometer
varies sometimes 4o0 in a ingle day. The mean
relative humidity as shown hr the readings from
the Psychrometer is only 74,6 the highest mean
heing 8 t and the lowest 66.' Two things are
worthy of remark on this point.--st The daily
range of variation in Humidkity is often very hih,
lcegilning in the morning with 93" or ao at
mid-day it is only 64" or 62 giving a range of
8r.--aidly The amount of humidity has been
nmvesely as the temperature, being highest when
the temperature was lowest and falling, as the
temperature ros.

The Wind most constantly hlowingcame from
the first QuadranL Ileginning with the E. it
veered tothe N.E. and.then to the N. The N.W.
wind, as coming from the- land, blew generally
during the. night. We had a S. E. wind for seve-
ral days in some months Imt a S., S.W. or W.
only on some very few occasional~ The force of
the wind in ordinarily speaking not great, avera-
.ing a velocity between 4 and 7 miles an hour.
During squails however the velocity hectnme
very high. I tirricanes or Cyclones never reach
our coast. though sometime we feel the effects
of distant oIne in the increasing force of the wind.
The highest velocity noted in our Observatory
was 25 miles an hour.

The Kain-fall as in most tropical climate, in
verygrest. This year (li88,) it wha not so heavy
as n preceding years. We had ino days of rain
with 72.17 inches whilst Dr. Hunter's observa-
tions record as much is 91.50 inches. In Relize
on one.eccaion we hal over 6 inches in 24 ours.
Throughout the -year there was more or less of
rainhat looking at the number of days o which
rain fell, Fehuary, March and April may he
characterized as dry months, stnd'the months
fronr August to November as the most rainy
ones. Abundant rains on a low-lying coast
keep the ground constantly wet, and are the true
and nly reason 4r the malarial fever, which is
spread throughout the Colony.

L nm IrMA SESiBf glj

. 18


erv of l'.l'e"avlo'rngIc f(h ifrvatiom (l rhig thile itlmih o 1Ot" I ti n nl 1|S.

Dn s Ia .unlinclT tRSItst runYVCiIOMETRItK. AEKstm>. SKY. KI%*S.
---- ....i .... PI--- -- "i -- o .. N -

i I Quality.
7 68. SSi 66*

I1-7 30.4 19 7 C.Str- 3 1! 0.2i
Vo 6S 66.4 N. 9 C.Str. 4 o 0.0n
-.i1 -2al929. 30-. 60 70 -66.3 N.E. 9 .Sk.Str. i o 0I o.
;5- 310.9I99S I 70 i 88 665 N.N.E. 6 C.N. 4 !46 ,.9
.__.. ,:.l-. 648..
i t 3o.99.SS 9 5 71 6S 7 86 I66.4 N. I 8 C.Str. 3 I 17 I .

Expla utio' [or the Sky, C. Cumulus, Sk. Cirru, S. Stratus, N. Nimbus.
o. quite clear, to. quite covered.

The North wind alheinatni with the South- The temperature throughout the month was
East throughout the Month produced a frequen- low, the minimum on the hand. being 58* and
tty varying ptrsure of the atnumphtre as shown only mo a f(w days did the thermojn ter reach
by the Barnmeter. The month started with the the mean annual temperature So0.
E. when the pressure wa 29".9o. On the 3rd it The Rain-fall compared with receding years
veered towards the N. and the prisre rose to was scanty. We had only 2. s5 inches in all the
pW. 7; on the 9t th er was a salden fall tn month, spmd over 7 days and giving a dAily
S.89 due to th.N. W., which blew for two average of o. 31 inches.
days; on the 13th it rae again to; then
came another (all an the i6th. to r9".8. due to
the E. Bt son asu the N. returned it roe to
3Io.29.0~ th soth., the highest degree marked'
doughout the year. There was gain a rapid
fal eON the aeth down b agf.S and from this
the ametrbeg slowly to rise till the end
the month.
The dominant wind during the moth was the
col N. townug with a mes fore ofa iacb a
second o 4jiesa a haur

' 1

St, Charles Collage, A. E; M0 R LA N
GRAND COTEAI. Iv '.s IA!s.\.
L'. PAa ISHny n l4AI.NIANA.x.

Thi- Cllege, imollrporated in Ii85. ir nmIst
favrabllt situated on the Alexnndriua wrnch of
tle Morgan l~,auisiana nln Texas Railroad.
twblvi miles fromn Veniillionville, and iffirds
the IbeM advantages for classical and commercial
Tmition, Imnrd and washing ....... Sj $
Eirtrance Fee-for the first year ...... o0
medical Fee.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. to
Id andl ldding .. ......... to
Fur further particular apply to
Very Rv. W. KENNELV, "..J..
Anm to Jesuit Fathers, New Orlerna and Belize.

ColegiodeSan Carlos,

Matricula (pagadera una sola vex) .. .. $ o
Mantennciol, lavado (atl sio)........ sjo
M ico .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. o
Cama y ropa decaa ..... .. ..' to
I. St pagri por adelantado cad prinmra
mitad del afo.
\. No e hark deducciun alguna por rusoo de
aacencia que no pase de un Imne.
3. Slo se adelantari segun Ia cantidaddepo-
El Colglo proporcionari lthroi,' tecdo
pra escribar y demis que neceiten los
slumnos, I costa de sui padre. -
Pear demi hIforniea iaed actdir i lo R R.,BetM~e,..,,.;,,,1 .n.i 'ru .1,. P *i

Comerciante en Joyeria, Relo-
Jeria,'Plateriayerrtoda cla-
se de Instrumentos Musicos
y Opticos.
; !.; I' ,,, .. ,; i!).
Imp,,,,ortador ic l,% Y OtOA-
NOS, prbpion para etumi elinmts, d bln
Fahricantos nmis acrcditidu,.

Ke hace cargo do t(oan cllaM d relaras-
'cionee on dichc. raiminm olrtece l
public, lae miejre 1MAQUl-
NAK de cuser, tale coime
Y pari mas detalleu dirigiree A

: ,:;,..( 20 J

Convent of Our Lady of Mercy, Belize.


Select School for young ladies, Boarders and

Beides what is comprised in the usual course of a first-cla EngliAh educa-
t ion, French is taught i required. Also elementary Drawing aid the
sknpler kinds of fancy work.
I ei s, Music, Pino or Guitar.
.Boarders, $ iSo. oo half a year.
Day-cholars, $ 5. oo a month.
er pMrlUeIars amI to the emrWed lesr at lhe CmurMt.

i -
I,!i. i '* ----- ----- -----------*----- -------- ; *

onvento de Ntra. Sra. de las Mercedes, Belize.

Escuela select para Senoritas, Penslonlstas y Externas.
AdemaAa de Io que se eo ende el curso usual de Educacon Intless de
ia. eie., s emem es Francs cuando se.desa, Dibo lenental y los
trbajos ns sencilio en Obras de fantasia.
Extra, Mdoca, Piano, Guitrra.
l'eioitad, $ o0. oo pur o nre
Externs, $ 5. S5o meenue.
e*Tooos LOs moosa DaS maceaCns AnTICWAo.-W
Puma0116w ,mems>s, 1g16 .1 >gwlindaNabqnifum a i Csm,16.




2nd. month.
.- .--- -
Sun 7. at 6.32.
rise at 6.28.
ris. e s2. at 6.25.


Changes 7. Firwt Quarter.
of ,5. Full Moon.
Moon. 12. Lat Quarter.

S. Ignatius, B. M.
Purification of B.V.M. or Can-
4th after Epany. (dienu
S. Andrew Conini, B.
*SS. Paul, John, & James S.J.,
S. Agatha, V. M. (M.M.
S. Romuald, Ab.
. John of Matha, C.
S. Titus, B.
5th after Ephany.
B. John de itt S. J., M.
S. Cyril of Alexandria. B. D.
S. Catharine of Rkc, V.
& Gilbert, C.

B. John Baptist S. J., and Comp MJM.
S. Benedict Biscop, Ab.
Office f S. Ignatius.
Office of S. Francis Xavier.
Office ofS. Aloysius.
B. DidacusCarvallo S. J., M.
ThePrayer of Our Lord.
S. Peter Damian, B. D.
SMathias, Ap .
S Ethdbert, King.
S. Peter's Chair at Amtoch
Office of the B. S ameat


2nd Candles bleed before Mae at I a. m.


__ _

-' -. --


'dys ,Pge I: A~ Fatnl Marriage. .. .. ..l'st.
ony Ntes, Era un Sant, .. '* 2
Forei News, =, The Deadl Iland, "3"
Fr. Damiei tie I ier, *3 LI peluella Agricultura.... 3;
Christin Gleg fatrs, andlem Day "
"Chnlde of the Sacrced Ileart, 5To-Day, .


IIEY say it:is a happy nation that has
no history. Judged by this standard
Britir Honduras has been a happy
country during the last weeks of Janoary. For
there has bean an abolute dearth of any impor-
tant news. No mail steamer has run aground
to keep Belize for a week or ore in a fever of
expectation, no Sew change in the currency has
come to crowd the doors of the Treasury, no
freC honour have arrived to'decorate our citi-
zens, no squalls to flood our streets. A new tax
has indeed been leied to pay off the loss sus-
tained by the Treasury in calling in Mexican
and other money and fixing it at a uniform value,
but this impost is to be collected from thpse who
can best bear the burden or'who profited most
by the previous rating. A tax of i cent per
bmch on bananas and of 75 cents a ton on log-
wood has been niposed until the sum of $25,o00
or m, Incurred by the recent demoetization has
been paid or.

A m-w aditry we bear is staring-at Stana
Creek. A rpe-eakig company from HOl
ave boha t lad o he Stem Creek rier some
wo aes m th e tow to plat thee and

courage the growth of the sik-g-ass which is
imligenous to the soil. This gnras saiJ to
make excellent almost tqual to die far-
famed Henequen and Maiila gras. If this en-
t.:rprisc should be successful it will ie a lucrative
mannnfcture for the Colny; ifor the Uniled
States have well-nigh monopolizsl the products
of the countries where the Hlcnequen andml a-
nil grass grow, mnd England with her extensive
ship-buiMing yards has to look elsewhere for
good rpes.

Very Rev. Pr. DiPietro has commenced his
visitation of the various Catlolic Missions in the
North. He left Beli=e on January a2nd and will
return on Feb. 8th.

A Mass-meeting was held at Corozal on Sun-
day January s7th to raise funds for the repair of
the Catholic Church. The roof of the Church
is very massive and weighty and the walls dis-
play extensive cracks, which dearly show the
need of peedy reparation.

The school mater of San Pedro Mr. Patrick
McDermott has successully passed his eimi-
nttio amd te1ived hiscertifcate.

lir hlonor the Colonial Secretary, H. E. H.
.Jrningham Esq. has, we are pleased'to ay, re-
tunled to Hclize in good health and strength to
resume the duties of his office.

- On iith of Decembcr at Peten died Doira
larbara Reynoso de Pincd, the mother of.the
worthy priest of Benque: Vicjo, Rev. J. M.
Pinlo, aged 86, fortified by all the rites of holy
Church. Her loss is deeply felt by the nume-
rmus family of children and grandchildren whom
she has left behind her.

El 13 de Diciembre iltimo, la Sra. Da. Bir-
hara keynoso de Pinclo, madre del digno Sacer-
dAe de Bnque Viejo, Rdo. Josh M. Pinelo,
forta!ecida con las Santos Sacramentos de la
Igdesa, entregb su alma al Criador. Dicha Sra.
de edad 86 alos, ha dejado una numerous pa-
rentu. que no hajan de 65, dejando a todos en l
amyor desconsuelo y & quienes aannpanamos
en ss sentimientos. R. I. P.

Foreign Ne*s.

Letter to Father Damies, the leper.
The following beautiful letter was written by
the Rev. Hugh B. Chapman, Protestant Vicar
of St. Luke's, Camberwell, London. It breathes
Spirit of humility, of elf-sacrifice and of charity
which does honour to him as a man and a Chris-
tis. It is-written to Father Damien who is
slowly dying of the leprosy caught in the work
of his ministry among his poor lepers.
"Dear Father,-I herewith enclose you a draft
0o Bishop & C., o( Honolulu, for Jfl,coo, which
has ben subcribed by many who are grateful
to God for the example of your heroic sel-de
dtion. Personally I have done nothing n te

matter, except receive the funds, and I require
no thanks whatever. The honour lies with those
who are thus allowed to testify to you their res-
pLctful love. This money is for your own dis-
posal, entirely as you think fit,.and is devoted to
the erection of a Chapel fur your Catholic lepers
at Molokai. t hope to end a further draft for
foo or 3oo by a later mail. Meanwhile I
humbly ask a place in your prayers, that I may
imbibe somceof your spirit of sacrifice, of which
up till now I know of little. I should much like
to have come to you myself and to have offered
my unworthy services to your flock, but appa-
rently it is the will of God that I should remain
at my post among His poor in this place. Many
of them are almost starving, and though I am
myself so poor that I cannot help them much,
it is not in my heart to leave them. I have also
made a promise that, so long as my health hoids
out, I will give them my life without reserve.
Otherwise I should have come to you, and should
have tended you until yon went home. Give
dear old Clifford my strongest love. I envy that
fellow more than I have done anybody for years;
but I cannot even pay you my intended visit in
the spring, as I am quite sto e-broke. and we
simply can't move here for lack of funds. Never
mind. A a bonne Aeure. We mean to be as
jolly as sandboys. Once more may the Saviour
console you in your martyrdom by the thought
that in being thus lifted up' you hae drawn
many to His Cross. I am well aware that I do
aot belong to your special branch of the Catho-
lic Church, but, though I be from your point of
view outside the fold, nothing can prevent my
kneeling at your feet. I respectfully salute you
u my superior, because you arc eminently His
servant. Allow me to subscribe myself, your
loving, living fiend, Huot B. Ca Armss, Vicar

( 24 )

'.' St. Luke's,Camberwel.-P.S. Give my love pntil satisfaction had been made thn.m. In dte
to all the klers: I kiss them in spirit. Next end the students returned to college after some
.mail I will write you a business letter about cer- had been expelled and a number fined. Then
tain Catho lic arses another matters. All the people began to ask, what is the use .f supilrt-
sulscribers' letters follow by parcel post.- ing at such a cost iltstitutmons which profe. tole
l. .C. C" spreading the influence of Christianity, but do nu
Te gd fr m f. ry really with so little success that at the hare rn-
Tie good priest tromBelgium Fr. Conrardy
who has Joined Fr. Damien in tending thelepers wour if a conversion, the students un:te in dec
thus writes of him to a friend:-- declaring that they look with disgust on any at-
tempt to convert one of their number. If acnn-
motion like this" says the Scotsman "is the re-
by turn his ears, his eyes,his nose, throat, hands, suit of a single conversion in the Madras Chris-
and long* an attacked. .-The poor Father has
and lungs are attacked. .The poor Father has tian College and if the baptism of a Brahmin i
suffered much. lie entirely disfigured his regarded by the students and their parents as s
voice is almost gone... Happily the good Father breach of trust o the part of the missionirics,
has still the use of his hands, which others havehe sion .
*- .g. surely it is time to raise the question whether
not, ave hsfeet goeto pices... If Father these colleges are doing the work for -vhich the
Damien Were to Leave me soon I should be very
Damin were t e me soon I shold be very supporters of Foreign Missions contribute their
sad, and for many reason. He is still useful s
nay accesary. He has under his cars more r
than a too leper orphans, which is no light On Oct. r th j1 36 Macaulay wrote his father
charge when you consider that we have none but from Calcutta. Our English schools are inm-
lepers to help." rising wonderfully... The effect of this educa-
tion on the Hindusisprodigious. Nollindu whl
has received an English education ever remains
CH Ar COLLEE, MADRAS. sincerely attached to his religion. Somecontinue
S* to profess. t as a matter of policy; but many
An instance of Bhmin bigotry lately occur- profess themselves pre Deists and some embrace
red in Madra: ch caused a considerable sen- Christianity. It is my firm belief that, if our
station thoaU .adia plans of education ate followed up, there will
In CArlies, .Coge,. Madras, a. very large not be a single idolater among the respectable
Sinaitati loaded -1the Sot 'd Church, dases in Bengal thirty years hence." The thirty
cotaminig .some -et Wi i Artsi and B. A. years are more than past, and the English system
K tudents, ntosdy l t, It wa rumoured that of education in India has not yet led to the dcs-
oa of the B. students ws about tobecome a ing of one temple or the casting down of one
Chrtitian. At once o00 P. and B. A. sta- great ido Peraps the intelligent heathen is
dents beld.a nethig presting against ~such a bewildered by findg that thee is more than
step n the past of their fellow-ident. The one body of doctrine lahning to be the teaching
meetig decided ie do attend the daees again of Christ. But whatever be the cause the fact

7--- .. .. ....
unhappily remains that the lingrn refuses to be-
"cm a sincere Christian.
SIn the south of Mexico about Tabasco there is
miJ to be a tribe of aborigines who still retain
many of the heathen rites of the Aztecs the ori-
~inal inhabitants of Mexico at the time of its om-
Suest by Curtes. They have never yet been
brought under the influence of Chritianity. An
arcmpt is about to be made by some Catholic
missimers to convert this remnant of heathenism.
We wish them all success in their dangerous un-

Chrncle of the Sacred Heart.

A goMod Chrisiian is necessarily a humble man.
a man of tha world is very often a proud man. It
is not merely that the common run ofChristians,
the neuphytes or the fallen,-have lowly opinions
ct themselves, but its very pattern worshippers,
the heroes of its history, its greatest saints, as long
astheyare upon earth, cherish in their hearts the
memory that they are redeemed, restored trans-
gresor. Others may look up to them but they
ever look up to God ; others may speak of their
merits, but they speak only of their defects. The
youngand unspotted, the aged and most mature,
he who has sinned least, he who has repented
maot, the fresh innocent brow and the hoary head,
they unite in this one litany, God be merci-
ful to me a sinner." When some one praised
St. Philip Neri he cried out, "Begone I am a
devil, and not a saint." How differently the
great mass of men in our days act. They think
.th they do all that is required bt them if they
stify public opinion. They keep peace with

self-satisfile and aslf-suffiient;--they think they
know jus. what they ought to do and that they
do it all and in consequence twhy are very well
cnmtelt with themislvwe and rate their merits
very high and have no fear at all of any future
judgment. I know that many of.these men pro-
fess Christianity and- call thneselves Catholics,
but their religion at best is the religion of the na.
tural aman; often very beautiful in the eyes of
men'but worthies in God's.sight; good asfaras
it goes but worthless and hoplss because it does
not gc further, because it is based on sef-suffi-
ciency and results in aelf-satisfaction. And such
men go on calmly through life, though as CatTo-.
lics they seldom go to Mass and frequent not the
sacraments, and though as Protestants they have
no definite form of belief; and whilst a S. Hila-
rion after serving God faithfully during four score
years trembles at the approach of death, they die
with almost a smile on their lips. What is the
cause of ther sef-satisfactin Pride,-they are
victims of pride. For Pride is an inordinate, or
too great esteem of our own imagined excellence.
These men have altngethdr too good an opinion .
of themselves-oftheir knowledge, oftheir talents,
of their morality. Such men are to be found all
around us who walk by their own light and not
by the True Light of men. They are rejected
by God because self is their supreme teacher and
because they pace round and round in the small
circle of their own thoughts and of their own
judgments, careless to know what God says to
them and fearless of being condemned by Him,
if only they stand approved in their ow sight
Pray much for these poor Wdmsu q(prid because
they are spiitually blind having no proper insight

thnr, they are kind to the poor and unfotnate, into things as they are, having norel apprehend
they abstain from gross vice aid they set a good on of God as He is, of th sve as they are.
pe of social virtues. And then they become Pray for the remoraef that vell which is spread

between thcir'cys and heaven, for the pouring ninslks arremlncnt n Paris ce aRo'pasads,d el-
in upon their souls of the illuminating grace of los 16,ooo son min.uors de zo arius. En hIalia I
the New Cuvenant, which makes the Christian estadistici official de miles de cenigran:e ipc
.religion so different from that of the various hu- anualmente salen para Amrrica, y ai ewalpa
man rites and philosophic, which are read over de las enormnn contrihuciones de la fditite 0(ie,
thecarth; and let s ushearits deepest worshippers In cual hac casi ina portnble lI vid'a por me.:i
saying "Christ Jsus came into this world to de agriculture en un pals doe ls isk fitrt' ts dd
save sinners of whom I am the chief." mundo. | Cuantb oa s n lea plis.i d- ka c:-
O Jesus, through the most pure leart of Mary, leas a tiranla h, expulsado las 6rdencs religious
I offer the prayers, work, and sufferings of this y ce!osos minitros dejando al pueblo e n n re-
day, for all the intentions.o Thy Divine Heart.
tado de destitucion eipiritual, hajo Ia Ctal WL
-We offer them in particular for the many vic-
tims, whom pride is leading to revolt against buenos parientes gimen de verse privads del
Thee, and Thy Vicar, and Thy Church. Jesus, derechode dar una sna educacion i sus hijo.
meek and humble of Heart, make our hearts like e o 6 e c h a
to Thy Heart. Amen. Puedeel estado 6 leg;ilacion hacker al hom-
Sre feliz? El cxperimento se ha hecho ya, y
S)elar D s dl h ha fracasalo. Pero cl orgullo no admi'e so er-
L Yeclaracion de los Derechos dcl hombre en ,
ror. Rutguesc, para que los victims del or-
7S9. h sidoed Yo6 serviam (no quiero servir)
gullo vean so equivocacion.
del mando modern, el gritodel orgollo human ullo a eu ccon.
rebelAndose contra su Criador. Por den alto, iOh Jes mo l Corazon lis-
IOh Jesus mio! por mediodelCorazoBinma-
mucho en lo politico y 6rden social ha sido im- Maria Santisima o ofnreco lasoraco-
pirado per ese orgullo que dict6 la Declaracion, nes, obras y trabajis del present dia, para rep-
Seste mimo espiritu se ha vuelto rar lax ofensas qe se os hacehn, pars Is dmans
Sce mno ri &h toypor do, intenciones de vuestro Sgrndo Coraon.
como si fera imnnto en l lsleycs i intitucones, Os Is* ofrezco en particular por las muchas
y.politica de aquoelos palses, doquitra que Ia victims i quienes el orgullo los conduce i re-
asloncrla hays tomado posesion del poder. No helarse contra Vos y Vestro Vicario, y V stra
Ig slis. Jesus, manso y humilde de Corazon
queremos Is autoridad de Di para la sanchin haced que nuestrs corazons sean como el Vuen-
de nuestras eyes; no necestamos Su Nombre tro. Amen.
par honor nuestra institucioncs; no e nee FATAL MARRIAG E.
rio en la escela para tender a raya la moralidad
Sde nutrt hijos. A se express el orgulloh- Father Cuthbert has witnessed some ten'ile
mano, y el evangdio de Satan ya ha introducido deaths. Concerning one of them, he relates
el crime n, misria y tirania en aquelos pafls this tre tory:
*. eus cu& hI imbaoido i la mulhitd de la I
idea que i hanieIt ms se de&eInd de ia ATE KING was a brihtwoman when
Men sine at bambre NO debe deficrr de Dios L I knew her somefiveand twenty-Tear
pf an feliid d e cita vida y en Is falmW. ago. She was nt wht ou wmo d
LOS frtas d a n sa call a pious made, nor a giddy girl,
tor Irr = de ocr rdImmiua e,,tirligu a blt alwa ys wilful and ardL-king. She
FrVid s, duraue tin quince W10,.a Ihas o. pined me vy mch by the way she
a ypa rN osecha abuadate de Aoom cri- would criticize things that she heard preached.

One .f her great peculiar'ie p was that she ccmn- "Oh," she plied, I'm not such a bad girl
el always to delight in holding views ah mt as you think mi--and you'll excuse me saying
things which were dangerous One was about I don't want to. he rude, bIt I may as well
,n'cw 1 l marritngy e
mixed manriagen. say what I think, you will see what nonsuenc all
"it is oll nonense," she wotild an, "to
gast ad t this funs about mixed marriages is, at kat as far
preach against them, and to try and pertadas[cill 1. .U
mot to marry out of the Church. What are we as I am concerned"
to do? ki.liculous) 1 P. ure if I had a good of- Such self-rliamce, I thought, was very terrible,
fcr fromn a rotestant young man-and if I liked and I warned her in a kind way not to be so
him, I'dl get marred to him. Oh I could easily confident of her own strength, but to rely rather
ge a i'neapensn iono-s nd-so got nne, and why
t Ia te a ihen,-so- -so Cgot nhe, ano r on the Sacraments. Soon after the marriage I
nt. ? And then, Father Cuthhert, you are sm
strg on that point. It's one of your hohbies! lht sight of Mr. and Mrs. Starling. They went
I'm sure other priest don't talk as you do." to live elsewhere, and I could not trace their
Yet, there was a d, al that was good in Kate; whereabouts.
she never neglect' d her Mass or Communions, II.
hde had received a good Catholic education, she -
had been brought up in a Convent school. where Things come about very strangely sometimes.
she had been made a Child of Mary, and rhe had After all, the world is not a very big place, and
good Catholic parents; and yet there it wa-she we continually knock up against old acquain-
had strange notions about certain things-and t"anss, and get a glimpse of old faces, some-
though the faith was there, it wasn't that lively times in the city-crowd, sometimes in the quiet
faith that one would have wished to have seen in of the country. I was staying with an old college
a young woman of her education and position companion in the pretty little village of Staffwrd
in life. SFrings. in the State of Connecticut. One Sun-
I t all ended as I vas afraid it womkl. In spite day afternoon a bright but delicate child of four-
of my many exhortations and warnings, .he gRt teen was introduced to me as Katie Starling. I
herself engaged to a Protestand t Tas na inquiries and found it was the eldest child
eso lf engaged to a Protestant. he of the young woman to whom I had given the
e ffic t, 1 renmber in getting te dicrucifix. This child w living with her unt, a
rored ton; t- gentlkeman, Mr. Starling, at first good, pract ical Catholic, who had no children of
interfuede wit the condtl. mo a that he as notld her own, and had adopted the-little girl in ques-
int e witheru religion, and that all children tion. The child's mother had been induced to
should be brought up as Catholics. part with her, and the father had consented, as
"The wife," he said, should do what her she was very delicate and would surely have died
husband bids her and as to the religion of our had she remaimad in the dose atmosphere of the
children, that is my affair, not haI." big city. I learnt frm the aunt that her sister
In the end he igned the paper.. I tried all I had lately gone back into the old part of New
comld to prevent the mariae, for felt no good York near the place where he lived when she
ul come of it But Kate. hd made up her was married. I also celved the painful inor-
S IL u e m u motion that she was entirely neglecting her relH.
n, and nothing would move her. I ga hr gious duties, and that al her children except the
a litle cruclx before she was married, and eldest one now staying with her ant-there were
exoted her to stand firl, to the fth in spiteof ix besides Katie-were being brought up Protem
nmeytding. t' nts. The two elit had bee baptied n the

o 2q

CAthic Church. The auntin tiuctik had bwn
Gdntther to Katic. The next child, a hoy, had
ben brought to the Chwrc unknown to the fa-
ther. She could not tell me whehet the other
children had been baptizsl or mi. The husband
had Kor very biotil and .bdhidden the wife
to go to church in the beginnin,. but sceingthat
there rehclupp.'dthe nte sehe went,bherm'rted
to father mean. At lektj he ucceeedo inmak-
ing the wife quite indiffere'it, and for y) cs 'he
had.inw puft her ot ilside a Catholic Church.
Such wanr .the rWi the st*ty I received from
lMrs. Srling's" iwl.t'er. I coald scarcdly an.-
'dersand this; s) having mited down her address,
determined to call upun her n my return tto wn.
I lot no time in seeking out the lst sheep.
UnfiOtunartly the husband answered the door
bimslf. Ldid not get beyond the thrshuld. He
politely asked me what I:wanted and who sent
for me. I told him I had lard that Mrs. .wa
there, and thought I would come and ee her a
ihe was a Catholic.
She aued to be," he replied.
"lave you any children?" I asked.
Ye," he answered sharply.
"I have not sea them at school," I ventured
to remark.
I should think not," said he, "If you man
the Romish achoo. Thank God they've not
SBut," I aid, "surely, my gd man, you've
mot forgotten the promhe you made nl writing
vume then years agol"
"Oh, at not Le
S"Wel, but didn't you pmmihe that the dc.
dee should be brought up CatdmlF'r
"Bft I .Nver tended that prmme to bad
"The you deceived your wife t
No" l id nt; ihe kewwhihtmy
Swt! lgdi the paper to please y."

) .

"Then you deceived me,"' I exclaime.l.
"Well, I suppose you Romish priest
have done the same to me had you got a chaii..
3ood day; when my *wi(e or myself wat Ay
we'll call fur you;" and he shut the dtor in my
I tried sewral times to see the wife, but it wa
mIuse. I sent her messages by. the neighhn,
but I could never get her to come and see w.
One day. I met her in the street. Directly she
saw me, she crossed the road and avoided me.
At length, after about a year's time, I met
lr face to face. It was a strange meeting. She
was in a neighbor's room, and there was no o-
cape fur her. I beckoned her aside and spoke
quietly with her.
*'You do not ltkx happy, my child," I ,ad.
Is anything the matter with you-can I do any-
thing to help you?"
I think my manner must have surprised her.
She broke down entirely. She explained why
she-had avoided me. She dared not come-sh
dared not practice her religion; her husband had
heen so unkind to her when she did Now he
was everything that could be wished. She had
began it all for peace sake. He was a gooa, kind
man, and she had a most cnnfortable home; all
his relatives were Protestants, and she expected
much from them. For the sake of the children
he was acting thus, she said.
"And their poor souls and your poor almr
'"Oh, 1 go nowhere. I hope it will be al right.
odis good. I can't do anything now. P1r-
hap later on I may be able to see to thlir

It Wam It vad that I pleaded. I spo earnmt-
ly, and yet- ld gt no prome. She hoped It
wod be aI right., She was far frm hpf
sometimes. but, he repeated, she still hoped
tiit i wold be al right. In these dispositions
tI i ebr.-Tk I suaut W.domIo inig r. .
< IO Bs coNwt M.) .
.. ( aconmti .)

I ERA UN S A NT 0 i -P'cry te sicltts peor, vidital... LQuiers

QUEL golpc, que aulic pudlo pre-
caver y qe manos descargaron,
anonad6 For ccmpkto i D. lenito.
Al dia sigyiente no qu oo k-van-
tarse del Iccho, y cuando alarma-
dos sus hijos fucron ncudkindo
uno.b ano, i.todos lao recibia con
Iriste ilencio y ligrimas abundantes. Atribu-
yeron al pronto loI ddbil de so cabezu aquella
mtnibilidad exagcrda, y.penaron en traerle de
nucyo i lot nietos, & ver si, mejor leccionados
estos, curaban ellor mismos la herida que tan
inocentemente habian abierto. Mas don Benito
no quiso verlo, y perminezi6 todo el dia sumido
es ana especic de angustioso letargo. Lleg6 fa
caida de In tarde, con esa tristeza mortal que in-
flode la puesta del sol i los enfermos y los
dolorido, y las vagas tinieblas del crepdsculo
comenzaron poco I poco & invadir Is alcoba del
enlermo; suspiraba Cste.hondamente de cuando
en caando, y dora Tula, hundida en an butaca
colocada i los pii del lech, Iloraba en la owct
ridad, pasando las cuntas de an rfiarloi En
0m gabincto pr6ximo as hallaban soh trees hijo,
in oasr aparecer delante de sapadre, por miedo
de almarmat con so preencia continue. De te-
peate on6 en el ilencdo Ide Is lcobs etl antm
"congoj do del enfermo. DoAa Tula ielevant
de n salto, y e acere6& r '.
--iQudtines, hijitot-:edgjo. i Qu6 easeso?
--iEAtoy may malo, Tauhl-uwomt6-D.
Beato redoblando M s lifrin.' s -' *
lamrtada do6a Tela so dej ctrobredl mis
o lecho, y unlendo.csi ea rotro al deld .efe
m'*, dijo easoeamene ... ..-.. ***' *.

que Ilnmec ...
--;No, m'!...; le estint ngaminmlo, Tulat...
Eatoay maynmlo, y me I.ocqltan: ne ngaian...
--lVanmm, Bkni mio. no me seat tnto!...
iQuiin tc va engalar?... jYo, hijito?.. jTus
hijus?... Si no tiencs nada, nard... Nada min
que unit apresion que tC va motor i ti, y i
nusotros de rtchazo... (No nits vs h 6mid tran.
quilim, hijito?. Reno, sulii caballo; LI, s
fuo i a novena de inimas... y inmitras ks hijus
se ran do paseo, el papa est amuy malito, muy
nalitu; murinscu.... l Vamos, hiji, quc tiencs
unas coss?...
Y todas estas mentiras las enartaba d.ina
Tula sin tomar resuelio, hacienda her6ico es-
(ucrzos p aparecer srena, y kIctando i Io
dltimo un tono jocto. Man D. Uclito no so
daba por convencido.
--Me engalant-rcpctia: ime engasanl...
Mira Ios nitro...
Y vas i hacker caso de unas criaturabl...
I Por Dios, Beni mi, ten juicio!... Que te vie-
ron sin peloca y sin dientes, y sc saistaron los
pohrectillo._ Ya s vel--prosignui, queriendo
luamar la tension del entermo i otto aunto
minoe pcligroseoI no niinoc sin education nin-
egun, htos do ese padre tan chabeosno, quo r-
tin credendo ahl, onmo qulen dice, & aI flor del
berro... Ya se to he dicho yo i Nits, y es me-
eseter que t hablke de esto nerimente San-
cho. Eso nlios nmcesitan educacaon: A Benitin
an sys, y i SacMillo an capelani por-
que, eo qwue e maudnios colegios, de ningo
modo setr am cruedead... Angelito I... Yo
a esto notr amij, y per s qe me digan de
lok PP. Jkitas, m e avmngro..a Hari de lo
nsa*lma'tole mti, emaeru amy blea Pero
h )

S )

"grat- e ue dijo Mria 'zerez, que no lts tones lamnetos, sollozoa, hipos.. Aterrad la ia.
dabs" chuletsi par lmnorzsr! ccaf con "eche, felis, dib vocr pidiendu Poorro; acudieron los
* chnc1*tac... -|Vay ve rl..*. Y luge, subr' e hijs desolados, traojen tlces,'y el medice, que
tato, d catkriitode Ii families, ls minmitd... no tardb en lkegar, lo resolvi6 .todo diciendo,
Vamnas,* vamo, no hay que pwar en c ukgios.. que era an' crisis nerviosa, rectando Tyrioscat-
Cq dic,a hijo?... ~esti mut do.... mantes, y recomendando sobre todo, much
y srnrmds sii"ep. dAs Tula inclined el Paz m*cha quiet, mucbo sosiego...
rur mn uwhne de an marido, que en Isoocuridad V.
no ditinguim: vid cnt6 rs sm ujos albirton y -Pus to qe.oe e so, no s eucauentra en I
jo, y ovb s voz temoobrosa y angurtiada que botics,-dijo Sancho Ortis menendola I beu.
kI dtia. Dofe Toal no pado dormir squella noche;
--ITuh I.... I Me qcro cmifc-rl.. pas6toda ella senteda a piL de Is camrde as ma-
Doai Tula pens6 morire del Mtsto. ride, inquieta, recelo, meditabunds, come mi
-.A4Q dices, hijo mio, qu6 dice?... _Et*s combinase algun plan, luchando an las mnsr-
oe to jiclo?... lCrvem que te vs Amirt?.. a contradiccones de Is sotobr. Al amnne-
LJcM! LICsutl qu& diparatcl- cer, eY habia tomuado partido: era neccrsio
Y Is polib seori. so ti m rbis nd s AW 'todo trance spatUTr &D. Benito de lu Iphres
grimes. mintrl* D. Benito, Ilorando mU y w idet i que k embargaban, imagine pars clio,
t o de. aerdo con rus hijoi, rLunir na nueva j
S .usI, ipet .. de miCdic, buacar otre estosY m que e press
e q c r te h eCngaar al nenermo, asegurndole que
-Pero, Benlmio, iqu6tlenes... iNovesque so vida no corri el menor riecgo, y 6niedo
me afliges. No ss eacaupnloso, por Dios. nprom e w roiverle I ualud on detemnin
Si te confesac i hace quince dim.... do tlkpo. Sboo Benita ae strevib & Imnnl
Vi6 etbcs dosT Tua que Is esculids ca- IdaImee, qe sin perajico de poner
ean dedon Bato s reolvia e ai admohada, prict iqoel plan, so podia proechar Is oca.
qu s o ej relodin, quoe M pecho ae desgarr. lion de haber mosnido el miuno D. Benito
bme e on intenminble soilo, y que cnvuemtk demeo de eouesare, pane adminitrard los
em aoeil kclad. d marger sonaba hae- crsa mes. Doll Tals pe o ria l o ird
as py o.dus ta potabras, que infeli major .-IPe4o, q f a, de .tido comma, Pi sa
en7 t~edr e caa esrtbe doie mo g mi --cdam, mmatosio- ,Pri w
on pIm ai. .d o ;. .. ey po- e o Ides trtes Mon lse que lo m
STl a o -b tant 6 a que Uanes eld mimaoe oras. do er
Doai Tta Jau6 aae y t eve uoms hdl dod t maddo.... ,
deo eutsm pero an el ad mio m a nt, B ale a ed Ieo6r& r o Tutal abtia
uean o spoesS. a podorI dot o e o U d, y Otradm a p0er h dge dales 7 &
y do me de tase quk I k agi' ml coa eA m, as -dyj' el e emuns bdotma
sata "a An okscars, usiaeI I A eboo,*e, did.Me "adtnee t
<<^ ^ P^ ^O d



( .31 )

-jDejadmel... Dejadme por Dios, y no me fin Ilorando liagrima vita.
ailijais mis, que harto pesida es Ia cruo que -Que cuamxo legue Ia hor mce has dle avisar...
Ilkoml que no he de morir sin sacramenta...
-Peru mama, si... --Pro, hijo mio, todlavia estamos en eaoi...
-iNo me comprnenlt--contilnonh a Jos No picasea ent lk,, por Diost... Si no hay cl .
Tula gimiendo. No s hacen cargo de que mienor motive.
psionas tan escrupuloss como to padre, no s -- Yza lo il.., para cusandu o ohay, digo.
pomden decr esas costs de sopeton... Una cris- -_ Y crees ti que habia yo de dejarte nmirir
trm tan devote, que hace It vida de n santo, y sin ee consuelo... |Pues no faltaba misl...
moche se pso mortal, adlo porque 1aspchb quoe Qu6 dirdan entodo X**, i nads. me1it que an
*e vels n ae trance... D. Benito Moales, diese ee nol cjmplo?...
Retmisse Ia fin In junta, encontr6se, no sin Tula, e ti conflot... IMir que tengo que
dificultad, el m6dico faante, y fua mis cfiil de arrcgiar machos asuntos ...
In que se pensaba persuadir D. Benito de que -- Muchos asantosl--epiti6 doia Tula con
Srvida no corria riego... iAb nada se apr- sa caris carios de uns madre, que hace eximen
umnr tanto i career el hombre, como lo que hala- de conciencia con so hijo pequellito. ( Valientes
p so desco, y sn n medio de los terror de asuntoa serin lao tayos
i incertidumbre, frente frente de la evidencis D. Benito cerr6 los ojos, y sacadib Is cable
misma, sabe todavia descubrir algun ingenioso sin contestar, tomando su etror I extraiia ex-
resquicio, por done pueda vistumbrar siquiers presion de an terrible jerog fico...
Un rayo de esperana. Do vasieciro ie los me- --Pue mira, hijo,--continu6 doia Tula con
dioa del pobre viejo, y parecib que le levanta- mimosa condescendecis: puedes estar "tran-
ban del corazon el peso de una montalia. quilo, que yo to lo promto..- Pero promteme
--iLo es, Benu mioW.. Io Tes, ichon, c ta tam bien que no has de ser e-crupoloso ni
aLprenmio... I Bonot soy yo pera ess coses...
M yo no te engafaha ?-deda doha Tula, o-. Deode que te atac6 el reams, so dice todos los
h-ndo carifiosamente la ftna mano libe del dis una mis i Ia Virgen de Consolacion, y ya
paraitico. le tengo ofrecdds an novena en action de gra-
D. Benito reia y Ilorab mismo tiempo, o- ciss, y una function solemnlsima paa cuando t6
mD. Benito reia y mmloraba al ismo tmpo. apueds mist ir.. Vendri un predicador de fuem,
n niido tercP y mimado, que se da I R por. aq l dia estremrtis por in to gran crash, con
oavencido. Rctveo, si embargo, en n mano so placs y todo... I Ah pksro 1t.qu6caleidito me
la dos de ao mujer, y secudisndotas con fuer i, tavite que ia habiMa pedido,.. $1 lo liego t -
dijo olamente:, ber tiempo, pideas lbieB ptar mt la anda
--o. *, de Maria Lin s... ,I
-ITVIaI ptom eniee mna oa... Be r la
I D. Beoedo sea ee reir doo 1riallRAS o16
-( Qu quieres, Bel iot -ijo ella tea ch n delmndo,. y co teab la ane is,
_mrda. '- de*. ,". Is. "ho do trmafatO. .,, .,!
D.- Bito qui habltr, y la emodio le cori L -BE o. acH mi c.-a t1 n
ls plabra: hido 6 trees pachero., y dijo al s sMuh*rt

*. -^ '.

-- e dead Hand. wind blew, or rain pattered on the wimltnw-pns
S" I know n.t.-God gave rest to the slunlerm.
.Somehow or other I awoke suddicnly, and a. I
Did ry) ever see Ia ighLt" turned in that lonely moment, from thehelfrytnl.
So. nr do, I believe in u : np.ncc: for ed out n, two, thr:c,.... eleven, twelve! The
the spirits lce departed I l" e their auton my and recollection of the evening's talk came before me
hence can only act by permission of tha power, vividly, and as I considered how to compose
which put them into existence withiot their will myself again to slumber, I seemed to feel a ,-
anl' then ldrw henl from it at will:-so willy nation of an unwelcome associate to my bed. Iuti
nilly, they are Imund to do as lpid-. o say s the doors were fast-the windows too. Whence
W Well o far sw good. But do you think there then this intruder? I moved and struck against
"re no other (Ghsts than spirits'" a hand that did not belong to me. It tonch my
"Oh come pou listen tmy dear friend a* I face-m- y breathing was impedd--my lip dis
will tell you ghost story, which I vouch to be owned it-but there it was cold, stiff, cadare.
true, and which'was no spirit frmn the vasty rouls What to do?--soutl but why? f there
leep, nor fruto the bourne whence there is no was by me a relentless foe my voice would le
Return; yet still 1 ghost, that curdled up the very choked in the instant, and my term of life cut
blood within my r~ins, with as much reality as short without a friend to assist me, and I should
Stde rvriest ghost ever did to the veriest man that be hurried to. my doom unshriven and alone.
.beheld it. Down my brow ooxsd the cold sweat of feir
Then attention. A party of us was on-even- and my helpless state recommended patience.
ing talkinKgof death,-yes grim, grim death. But fear and patience are badly harkMnesd.
You know. this is a subject that has ternrrs for From beneath the coverlet I drew gently my
all alike, be they Christian, Pagan, Believer or hand and proceeded to examine. Fingers! yes;
Unbeliever. Well we discussed together the va- one, two, three, four, but cold I cold, icy odd!!
rios phases,-marks,- circumstance and issue back again and counted fingers, thumb, bat
ot a number of cases and satisfied ourselves with clayey dead and cold.
a fact pretty generally recognized in this world, Oh goodness what tc do? Rise and fight with
that come what may, we must all o.a surety aghost? Oh how chilly I felt! oh howlost Isec-
pass through the dread ordeal and bide the re- ed to be. But resolution gathered with theemer-
suits, so matter what they may be. agency. Come what may, I will drive this hand-
With this salutary, but not over grateful con- phantom from me. Plucking up all my courage
deusin, we separated for the evening, and per- and anxious for dear life, I hurled the hideous
hape I was the only one who had the experience, hand from my face and expected that at least
which produced the thrilling effects upon the cessation of anguish would follow; but straight
nervous system, which I had after that memor- upon my mouth fell the dead hand with a thad
able sgance. that fairly drove me craxy. What could it be?-
The evening had closed dusky sad the night Whom bad I offended?-What have I done
was doudy a dark. I spent some time alone Ohl-Oh
a reflection on erconve ioae: a t last I went As te host made no attempt to strangle me,
tort. Weary and tired, and more thm usually or yet yielded to my determination not to sub-
e'erlsd with the sries I had heard recounted lt, but simply lay coldly on my visage, I began
I wnt ladly to repos, and ere te mll light to collect my strength f'o a1 need fight for
fldemdat In.t k, I was eeply buried e lece-Like a prdent general I inspected
ia sdlp. How 6the dch we,--or bow the aMy fers. my alegs,were soiuoad y bead too,

*.' 1 '

my left arm too, but where w asa my right? I p:r- algo," delecn hastarw & ai mismos, y no esperar
pared to rise and do battle but my main prop, que les propircione tro los mwrdios de exiatencia,
my sine q aU non was wanting. A series'of .xa- y su comodidades. Sblo pot el trabajo intli.
minations followed whereby I discovered that
that important member had, by exposure In an gtc preas altus c s.
dcvatcd position, become destitute of life, and Lo dicho no contrary cl principiu ecunonrsi
as it could not leave me had brought about this de tI division del traajo, que iites lo reconoce
horrid sensation upon me.-A few minutes rub- yvi de acueido,-ya que he nacido, corn no
thing restored the inanimate member to its func- v d a,
tionary state, hut I was able with difficulty to podia mncms de liy divelrsa habilidades, tempe-
find repose for the remainder of the night. ramentos, done y cualidades que acompaoan

La Pequena Agrcttera-y otra. consideracmns.

BSERVANDO con atencibn cl esta-
do actual de ests Colonia, no a6lo se
pcrcibe un grande peligro por Ia fal-
ta de los cultivos comcrciales, de que habli en
cl articulo anterior, sino lo may escaso de las
cultures alimenticias, que original la'carestia dc
Is vida.
Coustituyen articulos de primers necesidad
para las dos tcrceras parties de In pobhlci6n, el
maz y los frijoles, y sin embargo se siembrant
te limitada escala, tanto, qua nnnca hay sufi-
ciente pare el consume, y tiene que ocurrirse
para llenar la necesidad a lo mercados de
De los Estados Undos tienen que tracree mu-
chas carne, frescas y salads, tubarculos y gale-
tas, legumbres de todas classes, leces, grass,
conservas, todo lo que es de guto diario y ordi-
hatio. El tabaco par fumar, la cervea, coan-
to es prciso parn I alimentacido y el uaito.
No or remoto que de repent so hai r i r del
Norte haita el pecaJo fresco, las are de canrl,
hevos, lira y carbon vegetal. At peso qe u ae
Scabe suponer esto, y mucho mi
Tal ituaci6n entrali mochas deaventaj4a.
Los pueblo, comn toI hombres, para sery f erc

natura'mente al htibmre, los distintus climes,
comnpoici6n geoibgica del sucln y fenbmenos
meereo!igicos que distinguen i 1l* pueblos,-
por cuya raz6n estin llamados a dar y producer
frutos popios cads cual, am nenom trabajoy de
mcjor claec.
Esta Colonia csti nentada en la sons adecua.
da pare producer ccreales en abundancia, ser
emporio de ganaderla y ademr enaltccer los
articulos de exportacibn, y no.seguir, como has-
ta shore, viviendo Is vids languida y trste que
arrnstran lmI pueblos sin energies, rutinarios.y
esquilmados por ciertas avaricias.
Aqul se tiene en much, y no sin plena justi-
cia, pertenecur a Is Gran Bretans. Sc parodian
los modos de vestir de los ingleces y de las ingle-
ase, tratando de imitates hasta en el andado: se
A i Lbndres para treer entree la maleta el frac
de corte aristocrktico 6 el deformc.poliz6n, el
Jucgo de crifu y otras cosas superficiales; pero
hasts I tech se ha olvidado aeguir el ejemplo
esplmddido, til y provechboo, de la popular y
gloiosa Reina Victoria, que ostenta en nss par-
ques, como ena muestra de supreme elegacia.
at lado de la flores, lo mejores corderos y las
mis bells vaca. No se ha sepgido Is huella
frnctifera del eaclareceo Prncipe de Oaks, quo
tan Inteligente y hkhl *e maestra en Ins exposl-
clone de g*c dom, obtenicdo cast iompre on CsM

.( .- )

,eard lo p renlti utoxtrgmads, a.4mw cen I as
cor f de caIatlll, d-e q IU ne las razas spe-
ri~ Vivir, pues, dc to agriculture a de pri-
mn ctnera de superior elegancia et Cl grand,
felh y pmi creow Inpo Brilinico.
Erth virto y enuana gran d'ditidcha.
Tn altas ensellan"as, nw tiene inmitadores on
tI tirra, done hat.n lot proceditmicnts clen-
lifion de Ia agricuklttr so de todo cit todk, d,-
conucido, no tienet plicacitn el radio ni Ia se-
kcci6n dc taI espccs ;--donde no hay una r61
aociscion que re yrargue de Il phtpagaciin de
ota cnocinints* agrbnomos, de dar infoneme
de los difersntes cultivos que pueden establecer-
m: can beneflccoo realtado,-de loe precio que
tienen 6 pieden alcanzar en los mercados local.
les y del extrangero;-donde no hay en fin an
.bace de r droW tlerrtorkt agrtiol, ni una Aa-
iewad moddo'que tan buenos raultadou han da,
do donde ae han:establecido.
Mlientras 1o ac league al planteamiento de es*
tia insitaciones, hay que persuadine, ni el mais
ni lo frijoes e producirin con abundance,
y ats Colohisadcpende l mba d& los Esa-dos
tidos' del Noe 'que de nglaterra, impomib
dose s:los en todas la. trmusccones meran-
tis y dindolo la kcyhastacon s moned. Vetr
dadae s tKat que, pot sentidas de todos, no
bay necesidad d denmostrarl*a.
Vientoa distintos c vrrlan unm vex establcc-
dna, ale taeblederan, Jontau de agricukam,
oe tlkran p los ihtereac de gremio, ddran
feIg p pmera Ipdaci y Vra, I kItruodej
mHaftlac cosmerci yaltrs meat armticks
c QCidled I de tidades a tables, conidern.
d que b idmd da cl. 1iquess, d bienstar
Sl d dkl M do lpebles.
Y 'a es oniMade etas Inteafs, endrla co-

mo por aliadidura el cridito territorial, el verd-.
dero cridito territorial que en nuostroo dia, esd
dnico agent legal que pondra i ulvo la agro-
culturs; que es In panacea para todos eso ma-
les que aquejan i capitalists y labradores, de
que habl6 con subrada experiencia, verdad y
pureza de intenci6n nuestro itu'trado y dignsi-
mo Prefecto ApWstolico Rev. P. DiPietro, aen I
segunda parte de sn vtsrrA loia pueblos de sa
juridiccion. Oig~ mosle:
Aqui la c6pia, desde... El corte de tinte cn-
mo el de caoba" hasta terminal el pirrafo.
Conviene repetirlo. Con el cradito s combo-
te Ia desconfianza, tl usura y el monopolio.
Fner de estas instituciones de cridito, no bly
salvation pare nuestra rudimentaria agriculture.
Para saber la importancia que tienen los Banco#
airfoolas Akpo cario bastark conocer Is descrip-
cl6n que de ello hace on cdlebre publicist ea
El objeto principal de dichos Btances s el
proporionar fondos, en fvorablcs condicioes,
parn que los propietarios puedan defender sus
fincs de las enormes deudas del pratsmo k Ia
erecdo inter6s, que, en machas ocasiones, les
amenasa coo la expropiacin inevitable. En -
origen y en a propia natuirale, enas Istitct--
nes no emiten billetes, ni bacen uo de otro srig-
nos representatives del capital, que lsu edila
Apo4te mrfs, pIr cayo medio so represents sl
propieded hipotecada a prstamista, par obwe
ner dichus cdula. Estas, on un m6dio y o-
portable itters, so cambian per metlico y se
extingeq, oeu a ridito uand proporcionade,
nlvindose It caeuta de los capitaes pretdos
por .l srtca de *anirdacldn 4 Interk com-
puest.' Bien organlsedos eatoi BAsno, H
enleotraventaja, etla de qe,a ecawo ece-

sari de ejccuci6n, nadie sabe realnmnte por make offering* of expiation and thanksgiving. tontra quicn se produce la ncci6n, por- ISecond, tlhe presentation to Almighty God of
aie tlo se hace en nombre de I asociacibn, sin her Divine Son, in accordance with the Leviti-
cargar gast.arlguno al verdadcro promovente 6 cal law, which ordained that, in memory of the
interested. death of the first-born in the land of Egypt,
DOs ventajas mis aun ofrecen dichas institu- when the Israelites were delivered from thence,
cinnes de cridito: una s. para lus deudores every first-born Sun of the children of Israel
ira rari los acreadores. Consist la de aqutlllo, should be consecrated to the Lord. In this law
en disfrute de un largo plazo para el reintegr other things were also included; principally the
i6decoluci6n del prfstamo; y la de los segundos, ransom of the child with a certain sum of money.
en Ia indudable seguridad de la hipotcca, sin te- Although these laws could in no wise he
mtr i an:eriores ni ulteriores gravimenes sobre binding on the Immaculate Mother of our Lord,
la final hipotecada. she being by her special privilege exempt from
Quisiera, en este caso, tender voY autorizada the legal detrimententailed on all other mothers,
para excitar A nuestra Primera Autoridad y lor still in the eyes of the world, unacquainted with
h.mhres pudientes y prestigious, de posici6n y this mystery, she came under the letter of the
merits i tomar hajo so direcci6n y amparo las law.
mnedidas regeneradoras de nuestra agriculture, As she in her profound humility ever preferred
can lo coal Ilenarian susya distinguidos nombres obscurity and abasement, shunning esteem and
de mayor lustre y hour y este pueblo les seria distinction, on this, as on all other occasions,
detdor de su dicha y prnsperidad, bienetar y she submitted with punctuality aid exactness to
riqloza. the most humiliating legal requirements; never
Habrk obsticulos y dificultades que vener; allowing her prerogatives of celestial Mother-
peru no son insuperables. Toda victoria requier hood to interfere with the performance of her
lech; y en el triunfo esth la gloria. duty as a Jewish subject.
Ah, quien pdier decir: Obrra e progre- She had seen her Divine Son submit to the
sn: lAdelantel. rite of circumcision, and therefore would admit
EL. PmaRonano. of no exemption that should publicly distinguish
her from the rest of her sex. Though descended
Candlemas da y fImr the royal hoe of Judah, in conformity
with her exterior condition, she made the offer-
N this day February and two great ings appointed for the poor, whereby two pi-
mysteries re honoured by theChurch. eon or turtle doves were accepted as a sub-
First the compliance of the Blessed titute for the lamb req'ied of the rich.
Virgli Mary with the Jewish law, wicrh made Having redeemed her chid, she recehri Him
tk bligat ryn every Mother to repair to the again from the hands of the High-priest, 1s a
Temple after the hape of a certain somber of ascred deposit to be speally cred for til the
da0atoim the birth bof her nld, and there to time whet dethoalde required to give HiM

S36 )

p fo l,nent o i Divine Mission on
A it is also clear that Christ could not have
ben comprehended in any part of the ceremonial
l we, ha ve in his aunlmission to its mandates
Further example of humility and obedience.
- i... enu eighth t days old,' le beganto shed
.li.' ld in obedient1 to His Father's Will,
tibktinK Hfimself to that most painful and
hanhbling ceremony and bearing therein the
resemblance of a criminal, as if He, like the rest
of men had stood in need of circumcisim for
the expiation of in,. and now in this act of
pmreentaton by the hands of His Blessed Mother,
he renewed in a solemn.andpublic'manner the
eblatioa of Himisel to His Father for the accQm-
plishment of Iis Will which He had mad, from
There can be no doubt that when the Blessed
Virgin entered the Temple bearing her Divine
Son in her arms, many personsmust have been
present: priests, doctors of the law, besides
Others of various conditions. Among thi
ssembly'however, two alone were favoured
with the revelation that this humble woman and
her Infant were none other than the long expect
ed Messiah and His Immaculate Mother. We
are warranted in believing that this favour wa
conceded to them, as a reward for the hotline
f their lives, and the ardour with which thej
had long desired and expected His advent
among men.
To a holy and devout man,' ar advanced h
yea called Simeon, (s) It had been mad

t) The Anb call Simeon "Siddik"-he wh<
verie-because he bort testimony of tbe ad
at of the tree Messih the peron of les
Seo of Mary, whb alt Musseiemans e 6h0g
to bele as ch. (D'Herbeot.)

known that he should not die until his eyes hd
been blessed by the sight of the "Anointed o(
the Lord." When, therefore. moved by the Holy
Spirit, he entered, the Temple, on seeing the
Holy Family he imnmedltely recognized the
Messiah, though under a mean earthly ex.erior.
Receiving the object of 'his desires into his.
arms, in a transport of delight he utters that
sublime canticle of praise and thanksgiving re-
corded in the gospel (Luke II. s8-3*.)
leaving bestowed a solemn blessing on J.sTpr
and Mary, after a few moments pause. he 6srltl
to Mary the martyrdom of. sorrow which she
was destined to undergo; that the redempti s
purchased by Christ would be available only to
those who should'accept of it on the terms offer-
ed to them; and predicts heavy judgments on
those who should reject it.
We may well believe that on hearing thexe
predictions, the sword of sorrow must even
then have transfixed our Blessed Mothers
maternal heart; yet did she utter no word of.
complaint or rebellion, but courageously resign-
ed herself to the Divine Will.
The confession of faith made by the age ald
devout Anna (that other divinely inspired per-
son to whom the Child Jesus was made knows)
is not given word for word in the gospel asm-
tive, but we cannot doubt that in substance it
coincided with that of holy Simeon.
The Festival of the Circumcision which, falls
on the first day of the year by our omnputatioa
and is the eight day or octave from Xmas day,
has been kept from the earliest ageof Chris-
otinity. t the year L.. 567-the Council of
Toursdeclared s follows. "With e view of
eradicating pagan custom our forefather long
since dhicted that on the fint of Janury.speci

( .I .

frd litaiu.s should b. recited aid certain psalms nFrnf the presentation of te- Son of God in the
he sung in the Church, mld that the Mass of the earthly Temple and the purification of Hlis
Circumcision should be solemnly celebrated to Blessed Mother may we also learn so to conform
the hon.ur of our merciful Lord." ourselves to them in the practiceof our lives that
The celebration of the Festival of Candleqpas being here purified finn sin we.may hereafter
dar had its origin in the Eastern or GreekChurch, be worthy to he prisntced to Godl i the Temple
and was knowvnas llypnte" orthe meeting, in of His glory.
memory' of the meeting of Sineon and Annt M. T. W.
with Jesus and His earthly parent. Its in-
rnduction into the West is ascribed by Baronius
th Pope Gelasius (fifth century) and itli calkd
Candlemas because, before Masa is said or sung,
the Church blesses her candles for the whole

The allusion of Simeon to Jesus as the "Light
ofthe World" gave occasion to this same Pope,
to institute the procession in which lighted ta-
persare held in the hands of the faithful, as well
as to substitute a religious rite for the supersti-
tious practice then followed by the heathen
Romans, of carrying burning torches in proces-
sion during the month of February, in honour of
the false deity from whom it takes its name.
St. Bernard says "The holy procession was
first made by the Virgin Mother, St. Joseph,
oly Simeon and Anna to be afterwards perfor-
med in all places, and by every nation with the
zultation of the whole earth to honour this mys-
tery." And agsin-"They walk two and two
holding in their hands candles, lighted, not from
common fire, but from that which had been first
blessed Ip the Church by the priests, and ing-
ing n the ways of the Lord, because great is
His glory."
These hallowed candles then, are to he re-
ceied and borne in our hands with affection
and devotion as figuratie of Chrit, who in His
life and doctrine is the Light of the world."


LORD, for to-morrow and its needs
I do not pray;
Keep me, my God, from stain of an,
Just for to-day.
Le me both diligently work,
.And duly pray;
Let me be kind in word and deed,
Just for to-day.
Let me be slow to do my will,
Prompt to obey;
Help me to iortif y Iiesh,
Just for to-day.
Let me no wrong or idle word
Unthinking, say;
Set Thou a seal upon my lips,
Just for to-day.
Let ne in season, Lord, be grave,
In season, gay;
Let me be faithful to Thy grace,
Just for to-day.
And if to-day my tide of life
Should ebb away,
Give me Thy Sacraments divine,
Sweet Lord to-day.
So, for to-morrow and t needs
I do net pray;'
dteep me, gde Me, loe me, L od,
Jut Iorto-day.

*" ;. ( ^~~-38 )


Inmi"arv of Metot10nological Oieervati.mns during the ontlhtil of Jaimt ry 1889.

DAvs. 6BAfoslinches Tuammom. PsciltROMETER.. ANsMOM. SKi. RAIN.

: "d -" a DeCw.. 8 Quality.i "

,-7 30.5 aS8 9 9984 71 84 68.8 E.N.E. 3t C.Str. 4 3 .00o
-4 3 29' 89 692 E.N.. o .
s5-s 29.9 3293.91 6 7S 6 9 74.6 E.S.E. 4 C.Str. o o.Do
1s 3:, o.929.87 2995 84' 74 74 cy 74.o E.S.E. 2 C.N. 6 o.56

n t9t83e2994 86" 65 75 73 'SS 71.6 E. 3 C,Str. 4 9 i" .

Explanation for the Sky, C. Cumulus. Sk. Cirrus, S. Stratus, N. Nimbus.
o. quite clear, to. quite covered.
SUnlike the Januay of tS8 lost month ha been the number of revolutions in the month. Six re-
a dry one, unmarked by any great atmospheric volutions af the Anemometer in a minute repre-
changes to nmke themselves sensibly felt. sent a velocity of the wind of too feet in a mo-
SIeginning with a mean-daily pressure of oa.ot nute or rather more than one mile an hour. Thus
the Barometer fell gradually till the 4th, when it calculated it may surprised some of our readers
marked zgP.o; it tsen rose rapidly to 30.13 on to see such a small velocity registered, but the
the 5th and from this point it fell in three days to rate of velocity is the average one taken thrngh-
ag1'.4; there was another rapidriseto 33.noon out the we-k and brought down to so low a
the loth and thence. a gradual fall to 29a.86 on figure by the periods during which the Anenmo-
the l6th. There war's alightrise on the next four meter has been quiescent.
days followed by a slight falling of the Barome- The Wind has been blowing during the month
ter during six days to 29',t.. The 28th mark- from every point of the compass except the S.
ed a vety rapid rise to F.4, whilst the lnth and S.W. Deinning with the N.W. on the it
gave a mean preure of ~P.aS, a higher point the wind veered round through the N.E. to the
than was reached all lat year. E., hack to the N.W.W. thro' N. to E., then to
Tuning to.the Thermometer we fnd the N.., W. toS.E.. then for two days the pre-
mean daily temperature on Jan. tat and and was vailng wind was N.E. and for three days 6,E.
6 rislg the 4th to 79. For three days it This was followed by an E.wind for threeday
ranged _o, 9. but on de 8th it rose to 8i. to be succeeded by a westerly wind for two day.
For a a It e ntinued between 74- and 7r and There was ain ret to the S.E. for 4 days
then on l6th tilln at between 8o0 and 820. and then till the end of the month the wiud was
For the at six days it ranged between 7 ad N. or N.W Speaking generally with N. and
79'Y ,doA *athan p0h itmarked 7&o and 1'. N.W. winds there wae a low temperature and a
The Anemometer ti s tp the skill nd in high pressure of the atmophere. The minimum
genuy of Mr. Comnir who has added an ex- temperature of the month was 6o on the 9th,
te cotng-beel', able to measure toooo the maximum 860 on the t5th. The highest a-
"r tions o rt e Ca now give accurately rometrie pMreure 3o. oa the 2gth.

St. Charles Colleg, IA
Sr. IL%.mAyV P.A\sIiS, LouIsIA.A.

Th.i College, incorporated in 85yj, .is mnot
favorhly situated on the Alexandria Branch of
the Mlcigai lLduisiana amwl Texas Railroad,
twdl~e mile from Vermillion-ille, ami affonrl.
t he lal advantages for classical.and cnimlmercial

Tuition, hoard anm washing ... $50o
Entrance Fee-for the first year .. .. to
Medical Fee.. .... .. ..o... o
Bed amn Bedding ..... .. so
For further particulars apply to
Very REV. W. KENNELY, S. J.,
Aml to Jesuit Fathers, New Orleans amni Belize.
L...... .......... -- -- --
Colegiode San Carlos,

lstricula (pgaderi una sola ve) .. $ o
Mainutencion, lavado (alio).. .. .. .. So0
Midico .......... .......... ..- o
C y ropade cama ............ o
1. Se pagar por adclantado aads prinmer
mitd del afto.
s. No se harm deduccion alguna por
muencia quc no pas de an 'men.
3. S61b se adelantari segun he cantidad depo-
El Colegio proporcionart lible, atcado
pa escribir y denmk que necaitten los
a no, i costs de mi padre ,. ..
Pa&e dem infornes me pode .cudir & lot R R.
- PadresdeBell. I *' de'Be t' *'.*****.-

E. M 0 R LAN.

Comerciante en Joyeria, Relo-
jeria, Plateria y en toda cla-
se de Instrumentos Musicos
y Opticos. .
*,.,. .:I1- -... ,. ,,J
Iml|ortad.r de 'IANSH Y 01(GA-
N08, prbpim ijra ewtsl ctliinma, de lm
Falbrictntes tune acrcditadou.

Se hoce cargo de today clae do rel(rs-
cionee en dichoe rauamm v otrece aI
p.iblico lals ejorea MIAQUI-
NAS ic eonur, tales coinn
Y para ntt. detalles dirigirse A


. 0 -

Convent of Our Lady of Mercy, Belize.

Select School for young ladles, Boarders and

Sesides what is comprised in the usual course of a first-class English educa-
oa, French is taught If reed. Also elementary Drawing and the
simpler kinds f fancy work.
Extras, Music, Piano or Guitar.
Boander,' $ 50o. oo half a year.
Day-scholars, $ 5. oo a month.
ad ALL PAYMaaNS TO a1 ADEI IN A VAnca. .
Fr partMlealrs ir *. to he- severet Mther t the Cmett.

Convento de Ntra. Sra. de las Mercedes, Belize.
--- :o: ---

Escuela select para Senoritas, Penslonistas y Externas.
Adems de to que comprende en el curo usual de Educacio Ingless de
is. case, s enseia el Francds cuando se desea, Dibujo elemental y los
tUNajo. ms smncillos ea Obra d fantasiia.
Etras, Msica, Piano, Guitarrl.
Peuaseamts, $ 150. o per emeatre
Extetms, -$5. oo menaale.
M* e rh |iu em*,II, tare hito seems rame skperler s; ~oWm"se.

T H E.


CALs2O1Cl AND MonTmL. NorTs.

3rd. month. Ma ch 1889.
I. at 6.19. w Mooh..
Sun 9. at 6.13. Chans 9. Fint Quarter.
at 6. 6. of s 7. Full Moon.
rise. 24. at 6 Moon. 4. Last Quarter.
I31. at 6.55. S 31. N.ew Mood. .qr q'
i F The Sacred Passion7 7 Su .
2 S S. Chad, B. 18 M S. Gariel, Arhangel. .
3 Su. Qunquagesima. 19 T S. JS. Jwph, Ptron .4. te C, 'Jw
4 M S. Casimir, K. o0 W S. Cu:bert t. .- [Chc.
5 T B.Paul,S.J.andtomp.'Mf. 2 Th S. Benedic, Ah. ..
6 W Ash Wednesday. ; F The Holy Winding Sheet ; .'
7 Th S. Thomos Aquinas, D. s3 S S. Patrick, B. ...
8 F The Crown of Thorns. 2'4 Su. 3rd of L~ ;..*
9 S S Fratis of R4t.e, W. 5 M Annunciation ofB.V,... "
Io u. st Lent. .. 6 Syril oeJerle,,D.. '
it M S. John ofGod, C. s7 W S..Rupert, B.. "
12 T S.GrtgfytheGreat,P. 28 Th S. ixtu I, P. '
13 W Ember Day.; -.. 9 'F ThB Five Wrhnd:'
14 Th B.Leoniard, S;.&C6 ip.M. 30 S S. Quirinus,M. .
15 F the Lance and Nkils. r.E& 31 S 4th ofLet ,
16 S Ember Day, .
... *' .. .. I / .
... ..-- -:o:- ---" .(., "* "
NOTE8, /'
6. Ashes imposed before Mae at the a y of Holy Week re also day
7 a.m. The Lenten Fast begins on of abstinence.
Ash Wednesday March 6th. During During Lent there will be every
thd whole of Lent until Low' Sunday Wedneday at p.m. Rosary, Sermon
inclusively Marriages will not be so- and Benediction, and every Friday
lemnised. at .the same hour Via Crucis, Sermon
All the days of Lent except the and Benediction. .. .
Smidays are day of fasting .The 19. High Mas st at .m. -
Fridays ofLent,Ash Wednesday and .: 2. High Mass atM ;,7 ;--

( 42 )


P g..PFage 4s
Cln of the Sacred Heart, 44
Chron ri, 45
rFatal Marriagoe ... 45
i, the world growing wickeder? 46:
DWaOc an Encyclical,.. 48

El error no prevalece, ..
How providence works,..
Era un Santo, .....
Via Cruts,..... ..

.. 'S
.. Y


COLONY NOTES. so was carkid and cwral have already otered
SCO kind services to make the Concert a success.
Mr. Kevlin who was premant at the m-int
CooZAL.. gave hs rpot on the condition of -tth Cbuia
HE meeting we announced as having arios em of reparation wre consider,
taken place l Coroal tocunier the but the decision of ihe meeting can hardly be
uation of rep airing the Church of considered final, and until the ways and meon
.Sn ariso, which has grown old be. re it together the plan of rePraton will nt
fre it e, was even more suro-sful than we be.defni y settkd.
had dlaed to hope. Need enough then was todo
meh for what with a roof of crushing SAw Es A.-The example of Cora
welgh which the dry-rot of time had not sp. contagious. for nt far off the good pcpleof S
ed, and watll rtbtseem amotttembleheneath ZEtban made up their minds to renovatr their
the hbe pile of mahoany the hare ta po c l; and so they t t e $6
it islear th some an ntl ro to beautify the intirw ( te building sd tb
the fabric to nd much longer lumber for a fenceto make it a gardenenced,
Tis was put before a well attended reprern. a fountain sealed p" against the entry f the
tative.elitin o the people of Connal by Very birds and beasts of the Village.
R4y..Fr.Dietro. It wu their business andhe .
desirt: tl'lknow their wishes on the question.
Aftei some discussion the Rev. Father prolnel, PutmA GonoA.-QOn Thursday morning. Felh
if it met with their wishes, that a msubcriptn list 1th, Very Rev. Fr. DiPletro arrhed at I'Pnt
hold be opened on the pot. The proposition Gonr to make his visitation of this important
was unanimously carried and straightway $70o Carib settlement. A grand reception had ben
were sbaribed by the ladies and gentlemen in prepared for him. Thee wa a lProcession of
the room. Selor Oligarin Romero headed the the varkms Conraternitles with their banner
lit with $0o and Mesar. L, Carilo, F. Rest fommtheahoetothe Church, where F.DiPitro
and Rivero followed up each a handsome aib- gave Benedictioa of the Blesed Sacraent. After
scriptio approaching $oo -pece. this Sr; Cirilo Gtierrez read an address `gm*:
Next roe Fr. Kdelet who aaid it was not good by the. member of the Ci ga to wbkb
formanto bealone, and th ore wouldpro the Father mde a suitb reply.
. po that the lade honk el p the good rk Net day hs Excellency the O.,ern c
by ettng.up a te-party. Six ladles kindly rsm Monkey River ard wa received with a
v tered to take upon them.elve theoga tyw me by the eohele of Punt Oorda
tioa rand expene of th tce-party. and a deputation Iom TOedO. He visited Ihe
Father AtllacA tben promed tot ge 4.a Catboliceol, ac ned the children of the
maticpreseat andi sprosalasthank. PP Standard and gladdened the hearts by
Jolly accepted by the meeting. tem oae. forthe w houselal
:Laty Selel"N iamu eonssdeeJ tha buit by bMr. Kevl. Hexpes edkhallfuce
6an rU idato^itt( ,na, .^,^.^ -,

( 43 )

On Saturday i6th Fr. DiPietro presented the
Caribs of Punta Gorda to the Governor at
the Court House. In their name, Fr. DiPietro
congratulated h's Excellency on the honour of
being promoted to be a Knight Command- of
the Mlst Distinguished Order of St Michael and
St George, and thanked him for the special fa-
vour he had shown the Caribs. Du.:.i the
Governor's Administration he had improved the
t6wn of Punta Gurda, given the people possesion
of their land, sent them a Magistrate and the Con-
stabulary, built their Court House, Bridges Ac.,
and if sometimes he had had to punish them by
enforcing ihe execution of the law, yet ihis had
ever been done in a paternal way. The depu-
taion then gave three hIar.y cheers for the
Governor to show how much they appreciated
al he had done for them.
His Exce!lency in reply thanked Fr. DiPietr
for the kind his speech and then,
addressing the Caribs, e he told te he had
acted towards them as a father, benevolent but
jyt, not spoiling them but enforcing the execu-
tim of the law when nwcessar' and this fr the
benefit o their own Community.
lie exaect- d obedience from them and in order
that they might not misunderstand him, he recom-
mended their Alca!de to he just even when severe
with-evi-doers and to listen to the advice of the

RxDCituF.-At 3 p.m. Saturday (Feb. 16th)
Very Re. Fr. DiPietro and Fr. Piamonte started
in the Govt rnr's Bont, having on board a SLatue
of St. Joeph, to bless dhe new Church at Re.lcliff.
They were accompanied by six lther boats de-
corated with fags and a numbLr of |people who
wish d to be present at the Blessing of the New
Church t-.gethcr with a Band, which played at in-
lerva's during the journey. After a-plesant
voyage of two hours Redliff was reached and
before even anchor was cast, a number of small
dories deck-d out with fags put off to bring the
company ahore. All Redcaff seemed to be wait-
ing on th shore to receive theirvisit r. Trim-
phal arches had hbeenr.cted along the road from
the shore to the Church, an mde was ready for
the Statue and a chair in which the Preect
Aposatlic was to be. carried up to the Church.
As soon as llwere landed a Procession was at
:n* org-aised. The Cr-bearer led the wy,
then cam the Bandi next followed the Boy te
Oirls and the Men. After these the Statue waS


carried and next Fr. DiPietro who wasJollowed
by the Ladies of the Congregation. A hymn to
St. Joseph was intoned and sung during the Pru-
cesi ,n. Arrived at the Church the Procssaion
s'ayed outs de and the imp.:s ng ceremony of the
Bl sing ofdth.Church actor 'int- t her Roman Ri-
tual h gan. Fr. DiPictroth-n asdreawd the people
congratu!aing them on having at las' a decent
building for the House of G l,. giving them the
history of the cnmsecratinm of the temple of Jer-
salem and selling th in of the promi s made by
God to such as wou!d offer up prayer in that
temple. which, he said, wnu'd he yet beer ful-
Elled among the people of Redclff as they had a
yet nobler temple. The Rev. Father then told
them that the Sa;.ue m, S'.Jos -ph was his gift no
ibe:r Church .and h: hop d that now, since that
_..lI Pr.' 'a ch was majc the patron of the;r V:l-
lag, :;ai:. won!. bht' blessed wih mora!itv wer'.
aid a hap;'y d a;h for its inhabitants. lie tIh-i
gave the pco-le h;s blesing and d;am cu-d them.
On the fblloW'n d-' "ihe wd narv i "v'ces
were g. ne ih ". v.n eim;re a c-ow I on-7regia-
':on. ThIe v.llr" con.ains ah ult 4c j prxons,
a.d all who could do i altinded .ie Church.
The Church is 6o feet long by a6 broad and
has a zinc oof. It would have cot over $tooo
if all the material and labour given in building it
had to he paid for. But the good people cut the
wood in the bush and built the Church under the
direction of Father Piamote without charging
for their work. The Rev. Father waa ably se-
conded by the Alcalde Sefior T. Palalo. The
School at Redcliff i as to to he re-ond oh
March Ast unhr the care of the Alnakll; aboul
4o Parents having promid to ontribut to e it

MonmtrY RnvM hba also its new Church which
has Just been opened and blessed by Fr. DiPctro.
For the present it will be used also as a school,
which is to be at once opened under the manage.
meant of Miss Isae Rhys. It is a commodious
building 70 ft. by 3 ft. and well ventilated av-y.
ing three doors and ax windows. banks are
due to the people of Monkey River who gave
the labour and money to build the Church and
to Mr. A. A. Richard of Beline and Mr. Wels of
Punta Gord&ds who ntralb tedl kewise to the
g word .. .
.< .


( 44 )

e- r-, .At n,.ttIR war town a little
STA' .n" a' o S. St. Peer Clavcr is heing
S-Lt in hnor defer the acconnt of it till
le1d int we m out ie nttl aso of a ncw
nest Month when we eating Church.
b lf r y ia d l h. t o t h e p r e n t x.. .

Cr CAUr. ._-On Wednesdiy February
CAi. "iew Church of Cayo-Asucnon, as the
i711, lc pfer to call their iland, waN to e
ble.1ic and on the ame day Sci Fil. en
---s w to be married to Sr. Mclovio Franco.
iu~ ee." -IL will be too late for insertion.
but tllet.o..

Weare gbld to hear that the fappoitmci t of
iidfld F. K"noIllty, E "sq'ure as Inspector of
Sdc .s hlus ber confirmed. It has been ojec-
ed siiest him that he new Insecto r i young
and inLrrkOced. If It be a fault to b-: young
man it s orne which we ar sure Mr. KnollIs
whether seepin.g or waking will daily correct.
As to exp eiorc the late InTertor, Rev. Mr.
jackon w .hos worklinthiend was soeminently
;succeal, thought it at theprice ofsom.:serious
Mlatakc when"he began his career. We.wish
the ew Insctor'the success of his predecessor
without the mistlkes, and mu-anwhile w e~'
coafidcut that we .ave an impartial examiner for
ear Public School.


Otrees- for Disseldol of lMarriage granted..
Chairce of lse Saced Heart. 185"8-67; 1868-7.7, s87--87,
S,279. 1,731. 3,371.
The -Victlms of Pleasure. Now it is no use disguising it. Immoral itera-
ture, pagan art, licensed concubinage necessarily
lead to a number of souls becoming the slaves ot;
h IERE has been, asi aj cha cstisement that accursed passion, Which more than all other,
of that spirit of proud.independ"nce vices together pours a flood of Lv:s ever the earth.
which was incarnate in the French We have a horror d murd-r but what are all
Revolution of iySp and has since murders put together and cven war itself com-
sread more or less throilout the civr'zed pared to this vice which is, Ike the principle of

beom like a half-oaried State in wh-b the ure, aelr-sarifiig love of aGod who has ufL.
power hfuen inostH hands sbmdfoo edad sorm wed for us can win from this se-.
s m. +fies .nhcpa. l of i etlrehacrind so ald lg atiosothatglftof mervofsftferoifle
.h ei t tieetut.t + tiodhe "and of purity of liautt w.ica would make the
f ""e aity reaed cug to risti woild blossom anew like a Iy., Them,
mbele n ers, r macs and produe Ib ope; for thoughtful men have discovered that

* U


tions of all sorts of a shameless literature, which
inundate the towns and'country in -what is called
the civilized world. Speaking of France Mr.
Gladstone says:-" What gives me apprehension
"fof France is the school of foul novelists that
" have arisen,and are by all accounts making th,:r
"way... I am told the more roully immoral the
"French novel is the better it sClls." A similar
remark might also have been made as reganls
the United States a few years ago. There wasa
.most extensive propagandism of immoral liters-
tare throughout that country and I do not know
that any repressive measures have been taken to
stay it. The arts and sciences are at the senices
of th lowest and vilest instincts. In painting
and sculpture and poetry it is not the idcal which
is sought after but gross realism which is moat-
y put forward and appreciated. In the thcntr a,
casts and d.ssu and especially in the introduction,
of Divorce there is a true rcwurnction of pagan
manners. Hardly any Christian country is left
in which divorce and re-marriage is not allowed
by the law of the innd, in sp:te of the protl.-st
of the Word of God, "What God has-joired
together let no man separate." Every'year di-
vorces are on the increase. In the State of Con-
necticut there is one divorce for every so mar-
riages, in Cal:ormia one for every sevwn. In
England, where mattras have not gone so far,
there is still a growing degeneracy in morals in
this last respect, as the following figures clearly

( 45 ) ':

the only panacea for the evils of modern society
is religion-and that a personal one, such as is
brought home to us in the deyotion to the Sacred
Heart of Jesus.
SOJesus, through the most pure Heart of Mary,
I offer the prayers, work, and sufferings of this
day, for all the intentions of Thy Divine Heart.
I offer them in particular for all who are the
slaves of their bodies; who live for pleasure.
0 Heart of Jesus Crucifie4d may Thy love and
Thy Pssion triumph over our flah. Amen.

No hay duds que la principal IIaga que hiere
mor:almente k Ia alta y baja sociedad de nhes-
tros dias, es el desenfrenado sinor al placer, ar-
nia poderosfsimas con que las Sectas se han ser-
vido y sirven para.dcstruir el reino de Jcsucristo
snhre I. tiers y reducirto al atado de barbarie.
En una circular del grande oriefte de Is Ma-
monerla Espalola, publicada no hace much, se
impone de destruir la juvcntud de ambos sexo,,
y a il mujer todo sentimiento de Religion por
medio de brutales platcres.
iOh Jesus mlol por medio del Curazon mma-
cUlado de Maria Santliima oa ofrczco la orscio-
nes, obras y trabajos del pnsente dia, pars repa-
rar las ofenss que se os hacen, y par las denms
inteniones de vuestro Sgrad Corazon.
Os ls ofresco en particular por todos los que
son eslavos de aus cuerpos, los uales viven pars
pacer. Jesus mansa y lumile de Coraon
Ced qu nuestroa coraz-nes aean commo el
Vucatro. Amen.



HE year and moewent by. Iccved
a visit from the unt and the little gir
-Katie-now sixteen yeats of age.
They told me that Mrs. Starling had
stricken down with what they thought was
feer and that they bad been suddenly sent for.

They had just arrived and asked me, would I
go directly I was sent for, if they could induce
the patient to send ofa me.
"I had lheter gi at once," I said.
We have not yet seen her, but called on you
firs; so we must wait long ; we will send di-
recly we have seen her. Could you remain int.'
I promised to do so.

I was not k pt waiting long. A note arrived-
"Come at once." Again I was met on the stairs
by the husband. I wilt not describe
the scene that followed, lie distinctly forbade
me to go into the sick -room, and threatened to
throw me into the street if I dared to move a ,tep
up stairs. In fact he took me by the shoulders
and put me outside thedoor, saying If I want
you, I will send for you." What was o be done?
I stood wond. ring what I should dol It was a
sad case, and so far as I could thou see, it was.
out of my power to render fur her help. I re-
turned to my day's work. In the f.ernoon the '
poor woman's sister came to me and told me -
that for the present It was impossible to see the ",
patient. Her husband was at home and would not
admit the priest. The sick woman, his eldest
child, and she h.aelf had beggeJ that I might
he admitted, but he was still inexorabl--neith r -
prayers nor tars would m ve him.
U If she wanted religious consolation, she might
send fJr the minister, but a prSnt should not eli.
ter the house."
I made a suggestion to the messenger. It was
to th! affee. When the doctor &comes explain
matters to him, get him to speak to the husband,
ind put bur h the in absolut necessity of.
quieting the's ma'd. In a case of fevir
that is so vitally ne:.msary. Perhaps tbh thought I
of being an obstacle to the patient's recovery
may move the husband. She promised me that
she would do s I suggested.
Directly she left, I put on my hat, rai round a
to the doctor, whom.! knew personally a good

*- / _

S( 4 -)

S and expla- ined matters to him* co! ast long. I did what I coukl. The abio.
kind-hearted mantnu Is
kihears indgnt ilat the man's conduct, and pro- lotion was given as it is in such cases; the p or
.-I. ie was id i best He said he wouki lose dying woman was anointed, thelast blessing in
time in calling. parted-and with hope, that strong Catholic hopc,.
oin what he afterwards told me, he must that the mercy of a good God might find a way
Fr spok en ost emphatically to the husband, to impart forgiveness to the parting soul. The
e got the woman to tc him what she wanted, husband stood stapified: he said not wa wod-
nd then, explaoiinn. to her husband that to deny did not even suggest that I should go, after I had
er this might be the cau of her death--he at done what I could. I determined to remain.
lcngthe ga his consent, and I was desired to The ed was coming quickly-p apsc-ther
cone as oon as possible. might be a gleam of reason, just an act, jut
co. -" o. Enough to suffice. I repeated the names o d, ar
to the Catholic heart. The sister and Catholic
I must hade paed the mesanger on the way. child prayed. At last the final struggle came.
Shad just started to he infirmary on an agent I raised my hand in absolution. "Oh, my por -
Ssick call, when the bearer of the note from the l; oh, my r, poor hidren," sobbed th:
Proltesant. hsbd arrived at the preshytery. delrous woman... "Children, ch'idren, lo..,
SAfter some time returned. The case had been lost, lo!" .
an urgent Ine. and I had aslo found a couple of
o thea -who qreq d my ministrat:ons, and there Ier sank on the pil,.w. Her soul had
was a dying haby to haptiz, and al tether I had gone.hefore her Maker and her Judge!
S bedc kept an unusually long time.. Directly I re- VIII.
Stunned boane and got the note I went without Katie Starling is a finn practical Catholic. hut
delay.. her. brothers and sisters are lust to the faith. II r
What f have to nls:e is now ver/ sad. I went father has married again--th's time t) a n.m-
at once to the bedside of the s'ck woman. She Catholic-and gone to live elsewhere in the great
was unconscious and tambl:ng in her delinrm, modern Babylon. Katie retu-ned to me the little.
"I want the priest-bring me the priest," she crucifix which you see, and which she had f.uml
kept on repeating. "Oh, why doesn't become? stowed away with a co"p!e of pray, r-lmoks, a
wi no-oe go for Father Cuthhert? Tell him Child'of Mary's medal and a rosary in the b%4-
so sony, h, ok sosorry"-and she broke into to"m her mother's b.x. I at once r.cgnizied
* a terrible demone:tative.grief. it a thq one t had given to thc.poor, w:lful wo-
S' tied to calm er, explained whoIwas, whai man before her fa'al marrige.-T- e Band'y
I was-all tno-parposc. I tr:ed to make her ooMeig er.
ay a little prayer; il seemed to fa'l in vain up- h. wh W gd g f ked
Son ear deal to reason. Yes, reason had gone!g
It was the deirium of a lever-sh knew no one.
.- Once she opined her eyes And looked at me; TR- GEORGE R. STETSON has writ-
Sthe shuddering, she ecaimed: "No, o no; l ten an article in the New Prtacer*e
S-go away-I don't want My, I want the p I Reviae entitled "The Renaissance of
w' ae father Cothbet y, p I. rbarism" which will come as a ur-.
Irwa Father t priet hose who took upon our age as one of
SI hm ind1 smet ateorldnot the moral pro Speaking of the United States
Sslihtest glrmse n. The doctor caue he says tha though educate on is mor general
while I was th. It was, be said, a sudden though ltrtere h increased, and habits and
tarible ene, and he'did et think he patient rtastshK beome mlorein yet that there is


S( 47 )*

a decreasing moral sense and with increasing "foundation of all true education, has reason, ,
education there is an increasing ability in the "philosophy and.history behind it." .
commitment and concealment of crime. Judging Again he says we are rapidly approaching the
by the number of commitments to prisons and time when it can be truly said of American So-
penitentiaries crime has increased in the United city as it is said of the French Society of the pre-
States relatively to the population by not les sent decade, that virtue has become tiresome as
than one third. a thesis and longer 'the mode.'
In France in o5 years the number of criminals What Mr. Stetson has put as the last I think
.has increased three times. In Saxony within a we may consider to be the chief cause why the
few years criminals under s8 have increased 430 world is becoming wickeder, the growing want
per crnt. In the eight old provinces of Prussia of faith and disbelief in revelation.
olences against property nearly 50 per cent. In Here in Belize the firstcondition of wickedness
Bavria, in seven years ending with t87, impure is prevalent enough, but as long as the two last
violence 37 per cent, and in.Wirtemberg 218 causes can be to a great extent kept out, Belize
per cent, whilst in England for 4. years the in- will remain a moral city.
crease was 67 per cent.
This England with regard to the rest of the The old Fonn of taEscoum cation.
Continent of Europe is less submerged in the We have to thank the "Belize Advertiser" of
foodofimmoralityandcrimethanothercountries. February and for calling-attention to an
No ning theisundoubt- Article in the "Independeot" headed "The
Nowexaminingitthe causofthis undoubt- old Form of Excommunication" in these
ed moral decline, this American author assigns words:-
certain causes as regards his own country, Little did Sterne dream that in the far distant
which may have sway elsewhere. Colony of British Honduras, his famous curse of
He attributes it first to the Decline of Home Obadiah minus its sad dog latin (the most amu- .
Influence. There is everywhere an increasing sing part of it) would appear in all the gloris of
movement of people from the country to the leaded pica under the heading, "The old Formn
cities,--towns grow whilst villages decrease in of Excommunication." "To what base uacs may
number and size.-There is consequently an over- we turn, Horatiol"
crowding and herding together of all classes in These words just supplied what was wanting
miserable apartments where the individuality of to make the old Form of Excommunication a sub-
the family is lost and its authority disregarded or j ct for laughter. Before they appeared we are
known. Hence there is no proper home afraid that many of our good citizens took it for
traint or influence during the critical time of the regular process in use in the Catholic Church
youth, and for them it was neither more or less than
Anotherimportantmultiplier of crime, accord- misrepresentation. Our teaching and practice
ig to Mr. Stetson, is the exclusively Intellectual has been so oftn objected to this sort of thing
character of the present system of Education. He that like the eels who as supposed to get used
sas that i is foolishness, want of foresight and to being skinned we ought by this time to rather
idillerence to the true purpose of education- like a little misrepresentation of our doctrine but
the development of all the powers of body and somehow we don't like it. Indeed even though
amid-o have decr-ed the exchudon of religious it is done n perfect good faith we apt to feel
and manual tranig. a little vexed when we hea r read something
"We cannot but confess" be adds "that the said about the Catholic Chrch which we knw
Roama Churh, n asserting that reldon the s not r ta e.

( 48 ) .

irycal of the Second Century. 7. The pretentions of the Roman Bisho
Oi y Calixtus were opposed.... but all other (lhurdch

ROFESSOR HARNACK, who with soon followed in the same course.
l 'LI pr -- o.. Gebhart publishes a
Prsa perioical de g xusive "It an be proved in my opinion," says lar.
Swith arly Christian literature, has in nack, "that the Roman community was com-.
a _umbra f thisjounal printed what must "dered, even in the second century, to bethr lint
e read sa valuable literary discovery. He "and mount distinguished Church. A survey d
bisnof the ost learned invstiators of early "the most important facts will show this. No
t nt, we u oryed him as an unexceptionable "other community has shown itself moreconpi-
twtne s in those matters which tell in favour of "cuously than the Roman did in the so-cald
the Roan Catholic Church. Now in order to "letter to the Corinthians, in which it was con-
undcrstand this document which he has brought "sisteht with Paul's testimony that thLir faith
Slight, it is tnecary to oider what h h "was published ii the whole world.... right
ew ins rgmiti t. s In his History of (to interfere) lay in this that they knew the or.
Roga' i proen chichte, Excursts "Katho- "dinances and commands of God, while: the ss-
fioh ald oisch") he arrives at the following "ter community showed uncertainty by its action,
chiefconclusions:- "that...-it held to the 'ruleof tradition' wh!i.the
All the elements on which Catholicism is based "sister Church needed admonition.... The Ro-
have received their decided impress, first in the "man community sent witnesses to Corinth, 'who .
Roman community. "'shall be witnesses between you and us.' L(
I. .We know that'the Roman Church, and "the position of the Corinthian community be
we know this of no other, had a defined baptis. "carefully noted, in which the Roman Church
mal creed; and that it put this forward at early as "intervened. The Shepherd of Hermas proves
A,. 18o, as the Apostolic Rule by which every- "that even the laity in Rome had a distinct con-
thing should be measured It was consequently "sciousness, that they had to care for the whole
admitted that the Roman Church could wit "Church. It is clear that Ignatius looked on the
special precision discern the true from the false. "Roman community as the President in the cir-
s. The New Testament canon can be first "le of sister communities (using the same word.
shows to exist in the Roman Church, only later "as he employs for the relation of a bishopto his
i other-communities. presbyterss;) Abercius, about A.D. 0oo, calls the
3. The canonical and received shape, which Roman Church the 'Queen.' After these t-
the New Testament now has, is also Roman "timonis it will not appear strange that Irena
The st atalogu f bh r s to should expressly assign the highest rank amonK
Ro4e; these ofoth Clu biche ps rt an toe. Churches, founded by the Apostles, to the
e; thoe o oher ChurcheChrch of Rom His well-known testimony
Te neptio oftheApostolic sucio has been as ften underestimated asoverestima-
of bishopIs irsft employed by the Roman his- "ted.... He must have intended to say that, as a
hope hO language d correspotdig action "matter of fact within his experience the faith
Caiatuis(LD. 2o32-a) and Stephe (A.D.'55- ofthe Roman community was held to be the
2SA beiq .theiealt t record.
"decisive role, and that many communities had
6 The emadsn Ch1rlra traced back to a "recoure to Rome to obtain recognition. If we
Rn bishop the collection of the most import. "do not obscure our islons by theories, but look
tai"rt eAposoi dreti t eo r t the sf oal relations of Christendom, there s
.tt,.. *ned fot wonder hi this statement;".

( 49 )

I'olrarp's visit to Rome is notahlc, that vene.
able bishop the disciple of St. John the Evan-
gelist not shrinking from this long journey to
cstalilsh his communion with the Roman Church.
Two facts prove that the primacy of the Ro-
man IIshop was recognisd as legimate, in the
second century. The Asiatic Montanists went
Sto Rone, and the Churches of Gaul interceded
for them with the Pope in order to obtain thlir
rcnognition. Again Pope Victor (who died a
Martyr in A.D. 193) proclaimed by an edct con-
ceming the order of ecclesiasstcal feasts, that the
practice of the Church of Rome was the com
mon rule of the Church and that every com-
mnnitv that did not adopt the Roman Or.!er
should he excluded .from theunity of the Unmvr-
al Church. Vic:or also excommunicated Then-
dotnu, the first authenticated instance in whih a
Christian was excommunicated for not acc-pting
the interpretation which he (the Pope) put upon
the Rlde of Faith.
Professor Harnack then goes on to describe
what he call the "peremptory dict" of Caixtus.
lie considers it the first instance in which the
Icihop of Rome acted as successor of the Apos-
ties sal appealed to Mathew xvi. S'as his utho-
ri'y Lr assu.mlng the position of Apostolicus"
(Apostolic) and "episcopus episcoporum"
(hishop of bishops.) The appointment of bis-
h.op by Cornelius (A.D. 254) and the appeal to hy foreign bishops mentioned by St.
Cyprian are the last items of evidence recorded
by larnack of the Primacy of the Roman Sue.
Such are the facts brought forwaril by this Pro-
testant professor and he.has the great merit of
int shirkingthem, But how does he view them?1
Ili idea is that the Catholic Church grew up,
esentially the same as we have it now during the
c.mrse of the first 250 years after The
primacy of the Roman e~qasMnarn from the
begiiming is undeniable; but he thinks the pri-
inacy of the Bishop of Rome isofa later growth.
This opinion of his however hardly accords with
his facts, for those relate nearly all to thbe
of Rome and not to thecommunity be gonv d.
We mnst reserve to or next number the dis-
coislon of what is thought by Harniack the ear-
lis* &'pal Encycical that has come down to s.

I- .

OS cm.migos dcl Catolicismo, de huna.
6 mala fe, insisten en suponer y decir,
hoy como ayerque la Iglesa Cati ica .
se opone a progreso. Nada mas faiso.
Sin agomnerar prueba, hechos y argumentos, por
ahora, quo demuestren to calumnioo del cargo,
basta recorder conn ha bosqnejado en su ad-
mnirables pastorales los eneficios de Ia civilia--
cion neustro Santisimu Padre Lebn XIII:
"Estando compuesta la sociedad, ha dicho, de
holmbres es ucistmente susceptibles de perfec-
cionarnc, no puede permanecer imnbvil, sinn qu he
progress y so p.rfecciona. Un sighs hereda las.
invencionme, kis descturimientos, lasmcejoradd '
sig, precedeute, y de este modo puede screcesn-
tarse la suma d los henefidos, fiicos, morales, y
politico de ntn mantra maravillosa. ;.Qnian
querria compararlas mis..rahles caballas do la*
pueblo primitives, sus grserns utcnsilios, sus
instruments imperfectos con todo oI que mnou-
trm tenamos en el XIX aiglo? No hay duda t-
guna en asegrar que los antigMns camiios mal
trazados, lo* puentes poco s6lidos, hI viajes lar-
goos inc6nodos de otros tiempos valian much
menus que nuestros ferrocarriles que ponen, en
cierto modo, alas & nuestrom hombros y que mni
dan hecho nuestra plant mis pequcan, segdn
Io que lus pueblos se han acercado unos i uoro..
Por Ia anavidad de las costumbrcs pdblicas, y
por la convenicm cia de los moa, j no es superior'
nuestra epoca i la maneras brutales y grosras
de lo birbarms, y no s hban mejorado las rela-
clones rediprocar eint re los bombr Ijo cier-.
tos pAu.* de vist, meas h n mejoradou esi*te-
me politico per sl inluencia del tiempo y de Ia "
expedricias Ya no s vWen l veongarM par-.
ticulares, toteradas, ni Ia prmeb del fuege, m <
la pen del talin.... (No han desaprede y
los pqciioe tiranmc Jeudales, Ias Consm e p en.
dencieras, las ceradrllls de aoladUs errantc e
indisciplinadoes Es sa werdaad palpable que
cl hombre vlvlend-ea sIetedad so va perfect.
clonado bajo oe triple pate de vista det biMces.


( 60 )

H fiiceo y material, de as relaciones morales sbio y santo varbn que hoy ocula Ia Silla di .
on as smejantes, y'de las ondicones politics. Pedro, asi como de los comentar o de on hnem.
Mr.:G Molinari ha iminxledo detenidamente bre do clencia y mayor de today excepvxin pDr
*tan, recos documeto en d JoumnA. nas D- ki partidarios del libre eamen, quo tal esr aultr
ar, como economists, y con exclamacionesd de io o articulos del JOUNAt., so encamina o Cr.
: unda, dmiracide, ha dicho: "Un econo- rar el paso & un padre de Ia Reforms que cl Ci.
S, de p-fesibna noresumirla con ms claridad. t' ditimos dias ha dado unas "l cturas" inbitls
Isa ventsjas de is asociscabn y de ivisin del y de mat guston i lenguaje sacrll go. No si
trabojo. LNo se creeris asistir i un curso de habri acertado on 1a formal, cncrrrndmc me cd
SMiguel Chevarier en el Colego de FrneiaT'... modcsto papel de mero compilador, y on el ic-
roe Mr. Molinari, bcdecndo isus pn-OC. dio, n si cs no es indirecto, para Ikgr i mi .--
paciones, asi. qe confiass con fraes de encomio eto. De todos modos lo narrado sirvepara" nm-
quceclCatolicismo no a hostile ia 1s progrsos de trar-con evidcncia Ia armonia de Is ciencia y lad,
a industries y hallar sa doctrine likna de luz y fc I glai Cat6lica y Is civilizaciol.
resplandows divinoa, cre pereibir un punto negro Par e caso de que el refcrido padre qiica.
y pregunta casi ncono de victoria: seguir en su ingrata propaganda y mctersc ~ i,,
EY ZL SvYL.Aus no coodcna Is ciencia y la dibujos, de dcsear a, y cllo Ic excito, que IKl
cvilizacion? Otra calumnia. EL SYLLArUS, us lucubraciones i las columnas-de unporiit.lUk
scgn el.Sumo Potifici, no condena la civilian. de esta localdad,--pucs ya se abe que Ins Ia la-
ciin por sla cal e hombre e perfeciona, la ver- br.d *lire s ta. IlIva,-y si lo hace y no ana-
dadera civilizacidn. Lo que condemn es la civili- roce con las razones de zarzuela de er que a), I
zacibnque qvirest ptlatar al Cristianismoydes. ofrdZco luchar on el campo limpio que elija, y
tr Inirtdoio buen Enobs timinos, '*el Syl hasta siguindole elhumorL,lcdcpurar' sus t-uri
t. abas esti dirigido e contra a cencisy ci y ivi. y le patentizar sus falsedadcs. Esto, quteddich,
iacidn, sno contralteciaoycl materialismo." in jactancia ni vanidad, quo ni se avienc om0
A condenar estos venenos sistcm dcdic mis principios cWablics ni con mis alos. Ni iak-
tambien on la eima enc ic enr.iada lo m, "pra olvidada I leccion del Lhbr Santo,
bispos, muy ea icenta prrfsk Su Santidad. n forms de proverbio: No to apJycs cn tu pru-
.bispos, may echsuentes:pirrafo Su Santidad. donci: noearecas sebsoatu oa: tomeS Dis
Dest,. dice, In c .dnca: no aparcacas sibio i tus ojos: teme a Ds
Degracidmemnte, dice, lu cttmnbres de y huye del mal. Si he hablado claro, slo y f~r-
Put. m po parstau do Ia prtncipes, del toe, S pir Ia confiunzagrande, segurs y profundla
EvngElti Lae dendciadelsigge5Einclinah que me Inspira Ih difemns de ih doctrine de I
cia s ter- mte les, quo darreota elo. impercedera Iga qu tiieme y reconoc al Papa
V1'i 1% Ia mass prO., tatr, Ihdesmorjlicibn oo Vicario de Cristo, quo siempre yen tt' a
d b as ha Ued5 ciai de Ilci e a ss na s e1u9I s m has sido do njtsr
la cscis, e icjde m satermatlas y at t e taple e toledano y damasquino, ysusleys,
eoscdu tn c de vrdde v ida ioaa sduley suave~ jamis han cedido; quc to com-
r j Pticlss.c do h vida privda Y b ade h coder, cayendo ante ctlas par adorar-
lass lumanidad enter do rodillas, en dia mAs 6
t al', cialm~ s i ac ase0Co E memos pr6xino, per que tineque Ioear.-" En
a.dia rtos d L tAaidi ci t m. m fado tesilis trabajo; inas confild, quo y3
;6 WS- lN L riU UA te c s ait muado. In mundo prsura hbabeits:
r~t ouA A man Ir Caesest. sd couldite, eo vid umoan. oan cap. j.).
Comon tcatoi prseaderim p do Ere tanto, cocte que Sant" gle Ro-
tIo tOrc e* m A o cnogido del man, deposrita de i verdad, no puede ni re-

( uL )

huw nunca ninguna discusi6n recta y provochosa; of s
q~e ii inico que no discute es hi prohibido y ve- cept
dado;: li cual, por supuesto, es tambiin mi regla iain
de oniblcta a que me sujcto con rcspeto y humil- In
dad; pr.r fiera de lo que csti sobre today diasu- som
.ia,. Iuir mAs y m,.jircs rasnmes que lhs axitnmas corn
Jd It C*KnciIs exactas, me scr por tdxn extrcmn poss
grat3 hbaLr rodar de la montaiia s piedrecitaque mot,
ha dt dar cn ticrra con el gigante de la soberbia, and
d ,w:.Alll y los crrores que, cual la catttun de a se
NtabhK,, su permanent imagen, ticne pi6s de was
hrro. Los gigantcs contra Dios son enanos, piou
y kn elaiios, asistidos de Dios, son gigantes." C
* 4I).pues de todas estas consirdraciones, termi- viec
ra c r'liticndo con S6neca: "No s6 i he de with
a!ir.-nwhar, empero antes quicro qua me falte S_,ii
cd .c iuo qec faltar yo i mi ohligacibn. of t
El. PERnERIno. into
-- A

plendtmr and profusion Ohat is amnaing, ex-
to those within whose breast burns the
e faith as theirs. -
the village I( -- wherent I was for
time acting as Cura, this fiesta was usually
lucted with all the fervour and magnificence
ible, amn anongst the mint active of the pro-
erm was a person of couniderable standing
alao of influenceln the social circle, lie spent
rious pdea on every recurring celebration and
forednost in kneeling down and kissing with
s ardour the feet of the Crucified JeusM .
ircunstances however are apt to change men's
s and the most ardent are sometimes chilled
the h(alhcn taunts of unbelievers. This
or Don- was carried by business to one
he growing cities on the Gulf-coast and fell
the company of the "liberal" mnd "enligh-
d" of the present day, unfortunately to his
t the ensuinL calcbration of N. S. de Esqui-

IERE is in the Republic of Guatsma- puls, he withdrew from all active participation
la a place of pilgrimage of great re- and sood by. away from the crowd, like so
nowun not only in the vicinity wherein many ildiffercnt Catholics, instead of stopping .
it is sitan:ed, but a'so through the home n honest credulity,
I nnfrav home in hon wat a l of lila incredulity, aInd
nKighllmouring S:tes, evn as far as Mexico. Ye ari catered a smile of contempt on the simple
ty tear about the 5th of January, and also a faithful. The procession vwas concluded, the
the tine of Holy We:k, groups of .roertfaar Churph packed in every corner, and at the win-.
may he seen wending their way to this shrine of dows and doorways the'crowd stood peeping in
devotion, in spite of the thousand difficulties,
which so lengthy a journey must necessarily en- and tried to catch the bunting words of the en-
Tenhy orne ic y thusia tic mi ioner, who was recounting the fa-
taiL The &Satmwrlo of Nuestro SeBor de Eaqui- .rs the Mn-God.
pulA is nes:led, at about 50 miles from Guate- Ars the "n-God.
mala City, in a beautiful valley, surrounded by At this moment a friend approached and
"'eld peaks, and access to this hallowed vale sakd:-" Ve s r---, come lt us fulfil our
is ihet with so many obstacles, that it is a duty and venerate the Cristo de Esquiplas."
srioa question to the devotees how to fulfil "Oh no." he replied hanging back from the
their iwormesi. These impeding drcumw.ancea gentle solicitation of his companion-- that kind
have not however quenched but rather extended of thing s not for mie. I have come to under-
the devotion to this miraculous crucifix more stand better theie sierina, snd though I wont
widely, and copies of the venerated Cristo, either interfere with you or other in what you honestly
lm sulptured wood or quaint engraving, are do, I cantu lower myasef to asch &gradatitm of
universal throughout Central America. Unable, humanity."
Smost people are to execute the real desire of As he was spakirg hs ife passed asad his
their earts, they co qatly celebrate amongt beautiful little daohter, hissed him and coaxing-
e(mselves novenas in its hnour with an amount ly begged hih to follow. He coldly repledi:

: rnmvuenlnm,

( 52 )

o hibutaikehis" and he put a si
dol:r nto her hand to leave a the custom

.e neard the Chrch-door to watch his i
,n "in their simple piety, pas up the ce
"orrido amongst.the:crowd of reverent p
The lady knelt down, kissed the fet of the
iS af nd rose to make place for her daugt
S She too knelt down, anddevoutly imprint.
S eet rerence, but instead of rising and reti
others, she rolledoverto onside, a cor
Destraught wth fear ad grief Don---
Si, and clasping his lifeless child. wept like
only can weep.
As soona this extraordinary scene was
he rticed to his house and for eight long
refaseodal visits and al thatearth could al
to appese his anguish.
Was he mad?-or was he poing a a Ay
.*. paternal affection?
The mystery was soon solved. The haum
lores bad usitten to heal the doubting heo
the heretofore fervent devotee. Straight
his housmeon the following Sunday, Don
marched in the simplicity of other days t
S wanted place in the Church and called fo
arish Priest, who could hardly realize the
sence of the late unbeliever
S Father-please. bear my confession-i
S-stroke of this'day week I have received the
merited yet merciful correction ofmy God.
'; .r rE; towns and. theii shallow motions of
and ron-good and bed-had turned my
S but now I will amend and repair the scan
S ave given."
SPubidly be approached the tribunal of
ance and as the tilinkli bell waned the
u. icantso the sacred banquet he rose
sa and mingling willth the pioms of the c
S gation eceied once again the food of life.
S renai faithful t to i day and when all
to te pest ofisay :--"O l how I was d
S edby my ow pide ad by A mxia of
bt W thn that. l his mrc y
pared a"

ary --

ittle .VI
ntre Couiiuia.
oor. ENITA tardaba en volver de ca, t

Her a padre, dondc todas las mnsan
d a iba despcs de mnise, y Sandch, c
ring est6mago no es resentia por lo pesares que h
P e enfermedad de.D. Benito causaba la familua.
i lland las dos niiios,.y mand6 que, sin teper
man la seiora, les irvieran el chocolate: er m y

aover ls eve, y tenia hambrc.
days Los chiquillos. comenzaron i allhm ntars
fiord la novtdad, y el mayor de ellus sc encaram e
el sillon de so madre, diciendo.
pe of
-Hoy soy yo mamil...
that A Sancho le parecib may bien d penamntica.
rt of y para que representase mejor so papel, It piu
fm el gorrito de malana de Benita, adornad com
o his encaes y cintas de color de rosa.. Oh qu (ps
rthe to ... Los ch.quillos se morian de risa, y el m
pre- chico, so encaramo ia m ve en el silhn de s
padre, di.iendo.
n the
well -Y yo soy p I...
SThe Perlectamente .. Al instant abdich Saae.
righ en ms mano lan patria potestad: pisole en pi
dal el ancho cello ridsdo de erbiuasit, y l ci CT
tono, A guia de corbatin, el inslaimo r arSl"
Pe.n dr seda blanco, que Ia lcvantarse set abia *1-
con- dada at cuelto. *
like a
lk MagnVficol.. Ya no faltaba, sam to quc, c
He prdetisimo tinoe, e i ocrri6 al punto ial*-
nding provided madre.
hei1- -Pap&l.. Aborm 1A eres mlI...

be has -Ese st.,. Alora ye oy ti-eeIlani6 R"
6ho, t satdfeicho.


Y ado continue se puso en In cabeza el gorri-
to de crochet que Ilevaba Benitin, anuddae el
babero del mismo, y se embuti6 como pudo en
ano de los altos y estrechos sillones qe deordi-
nario ocuphaan los chicos. Ias cabeza de estos
spenas llegaban i I altura dc la mess, ySancho
sobrsulia por encima de ella, desde las rodillas
u*sta arrihb... De eats suerte'comenuron et pa-
dre y los hijao i tomar el'chocolate mi sabroso
que hshian guatado en so vida r as) lo atestigna-
ren despues los picos de Ia corhata del padre, y
las cintas del gorro de Ia rmadre, que entraban y
salian en las jiaras, con Is mai espontinea
Pronto, sin embargo, asomb as oreja la di-.
cordia: celoso Sanchillo del gran corbatin de so
hermano, le tirb el dardo envenenado de la en-
-Papa tiene bigote y ti no... Rabia I-ie dijo.
Acadid Sancho con so ordinaria prudencia, &
ahogar en grmen aquellas pasiones, que levan-
taban la cabesa. bSoj6 an bizcocho en sa jIara,
y pint6 .Benitin an soberbio bigote era retor.
cid y con florone en as pautas, coneo to del
difuato rey Galantuomo. Vi6sc cogido Sancd-
o1, y sin pixca dc repetto i ns peotviiooal se,
rectlm6 t uamo honors indignado Denetio, se
opnso abiertamente pr razones de decor.
--lami no tiene bigotel-deIa.
-Pero mama Tla tiene I
-Ti no eras mama Tula... Eres maml..
--Pues s...
-Pue not...
Y par pagar de una Yes discordiss Intesti.
ass, Sancho mojb.otro biscocho, *y ph & LII
PrifogCnito, bigotes y patilas do corte Imperial,
ca"no Ia-die Gailermo de Priela. La atgasara

fu6 complete, y se procedi6 & otra coou Sancho
comenzb i enseiar i sus hijos on nuevo procedi.
miento para tomar el chocolate: eraa misma _.
teoria de los juegos malabares. TirAbas one
sopa por alto, y hablae de coger can Is boca, at
bajar porel aire: era'quello may diwrtido.
-tA ta unal... Ik is doest... i las trel I-
deci Sancho; y.para dar la swal, pegaba c la
mess con el plato.
Las sopas volahan per el aire, describiendo
caprichosas trayctorlas, y calan en todos parties
minos en las hocas que abicrtas Ias eaperaban:
S61o Sancho acertaha a coger la says. Loschi-
quilln crcyron que estabs el secret en pegar
al mismo tiempo con el plato: di6-on Iuerte con
los suyos, y se quedaron may sorprendidos, at
ver que los lindos platitos de china s hadan afi.
coscontra la mena. Pareci6les aqucllo aa coa -
bien extrala.
En aquel moment entrd lnits, y el grotesco
cmudro que ofrecian i sus oos aqueltos tree pe-
dazos de as alma, trajb i as corason am de esas
nmensas ocladas de dicha Intima, de sant dicha
del hogar, que Ilenan los ojos de ogriuas dulk-
simau, y compenan n an seg ndo & la majur
todos s sinsbore de eposayde made. Quiso,
sn embargo. volver por los hacro de sl diskipi.
ma domhstica, y comen6 & Iritar, in powder con'
teerd la s fisr a lia Uhgrimas.
--Qui eacmigosl... iJesus, Dios iolt...
iCbo e han pestol... IY au pdre el peor
de todo ellos;..
Sancho se peo en pide ade alto, sn powder
alarse 'del afastado sillon qoe so adheria k sMo
caders, y as tir6 at saeo dehlt do Belt, 4i.
--Pedon.1f fpedoal- as l kr





( 4.)

L9 chi-qoll pO a su ldo, tam-
ias eel rselo, le ntdlda .hAid. so madre
b iw Iknu len a ocolte, reptiin, bahien-
do coo iP padr.
..iPdoal,.. ipedonlI- ;,que ys no lo hIard
.. i ,.aw i.... .
JtsMI iJ t2-dccia BIenits, ritndo y
onalIo. I6mo e ban poisto Ias blusitas lim-
piat- lY mi eora, Viroen u t, cbmo a.est
iQu dihlMo d homnbre cte, Dio *mioI ISth
l reMwel*e ellaI... Sl' er mentert en-
S cemrtel...
Al ir que Pm podia encerrar i papi, el peque-
So pop6icho, voluble y antojadizo como siem.
pre, psose de psrte de so mdmre, gritando.
_-A encerrartol... Id encerarlol... .
Eacemrrrme i m...-exctlm6 Sancho,bo-
tdo dcl suelo come nas pelots (kCiirs Oroea
Aml. IA a sni e quia ayqueencerrar en
SIpj-itatnI.. ja l p*JsersI...
Y levantando i Benita en iu nervudo brazos,
cul si face ans ploums, comcnao i corner por
as galeris, bic un mirdor de cristles, per-
ecimmie cermrado, dode an centenar de camna
rios, vwia, cantablan y multiplicaban. Los
chiqilas acharon & oorr detrls, alborotando
ienou de entsui-aso; lo dos perns de ccszde
SSancho scadierom presumos par. unirmeldran.
Sdo Il contejo,y lo Criede as aban i puer-
ts y wvetnfa a, dlendo erae adamdcones y

-iPero qua seSorio estel. 4 Qu ihnel tie.
*el. Y uar heoor it b hermolo el syo..
jDios a lo auwerl Dios to bendl I.
an les" ls'c e ano I t pess or e i

a a re tai suda a deo ltdeepg& &

slu lindas figurits pintlds de chocolate, de oa
bcndedr por aquello fielescriados, testigo de
dicha... MaM en el mismo moment acudijo ri.
memorial el triste cuadro que acababa de deja
en casa de a- padre, y la gota de hiel, la gj
.marga que I paternal providenda de Dio de
posits tiempre en Ia cops de las dichas mounds.
nas, para obligarnos i pensar en otra dicha ns
saa, le hizo prorumpir en ollosos.
Qud tienes, hijaT-excdamd Sancho dete-.
niendobe asuatado.
Benits peg6 lu libios al oido de so marido,y
le dijo Ilorando..
-Que as mere papk. y no hay medio de
coaenwcer mi madre, de que se aviseal Curm.
Sancho ech6 a corner de nuevo, porque el po-
pulacho infantil y el populacho canino llcg h
ya Alalcance de ssa piernes, y entrandos ea la
pIajrern, cer6n por dentro, derando fuers i niiO
y perros.
S--IAb I.. ICon cuinto gusto diiamos ahon,
que al encontrarse solo los dos j6vencs eapoa,
sun atmas ae vaciaron Ia ans en la otra, para fee-
dire ambas n ana sola, y participar del mismo
dolor, como partiipaban de la misma dicha!...
Mas no sucede asd e el nundo, y nosucedi6 a
ent6ncea: el egoismo nele ser ms fuerte que l
amor, obre todo en e bombre, y Ia Mricdad de
intereses que squA deipierts, apartf entire i lo
coraoees destiundos i former neo solo, prod-
cndo eatre los quo e mn 'n eaxrau disnor-
damdia que eMpara,'iu dejar de unir, es cadeas
aIternads de pura ssatiufacl nes.y mexquinm

A todlod iafectoo do aqu.l bajo, donde simpre
Saparee el graeeo sao de bavro, junto Atodo lo
mrade y to enbe, que pede dar de del shns.

-* 1 I

( rlr. )

Icnita a dcj6 cacr en.una de las grades de tambicn huroms, porque Ios aprct6 fuertemente,.
msadra en.que los canaries tenian sus nidos, y hciendo una tortilla en cl fonlo del nide.
riri6 Iforando A Sancho todo lo acontecido en -Tiencs razn,--dijo al cable. De eso a de
cai de so madre. Este s escucitaba gravemen- lo que hay c.ue cuidar, y boy mismo hablar yoe
te, con el gorro de so hijo pucsto, y e habero al Curs...
anmudao todavia, examinando con la mayor aten- Se coMtinmd.
cie los haneucillos depositadus en uno de los t VIA CRUCIS.
id.s. De repnte dijo.
-ISat. quiCn es cl confesor de to madre? The Stations of the Cross.
-El nimo Curs de la Parroquia... D. Fblix "And cl aring lis own cnnra lie went frth to
.Sangiesa. that place which is called Calvary, but in lHe-
Shrew Golgotha." John xix. 17.
ancho s- puso i mirar al tral!uz uno de los Fr.. Golgotha." John xx. 7.wh
I. F thoL:devli "al ex rctes which have
lai.ccillos, pars ver, sin duda, si ibr camino de for the:r ouljcct medisa'ion on the mur-
Cmp.larse. Beni:a guardabilanilncio,traznndo rtws and suffe.iings of nmr BUlcel
c e s en i h s qs fs Redecnieer, there can scarcely be found
el a I nc more agreeable to Alm'ghty God, more usc-
ladriills del pavimcnuo. .El dijo de pronto: ul, and than that of the Way of Cal-
-iTi padre hizo por fin cl testamento que vary, commisily known as the Via Crucis.
I' niuia? We assume without doubt that all practical
Cathdocs are. well acquainted with the subject-
-Yo no s*, ni me imports sabcito ;-contest matter ,( this devotion, but it frequently hapiens
dHi, culcgi duse de honbros. that others alien t the Church, aml igwmrant of
Fancho paraci6 no haber oido is repucsta, her teaching are fom time to time pres mt dnr-
P e o q ti ing its exerise. We therefore demi it well so
p tir n on rind el h cilo give a slight explanation Gf the different a actions
u lab mano, dicienlo at mismo tietipo: of which i is mp"ow l.
-;Qu barbarida!.- jEste bhevo est huerol... I. By the aid of the first of the series of pkl
Storial r. presctrtaons of this tage of our Lord's
sigui6 exa-ninando con la mismna a.encion, psaon, which are snup 'cd 6I utrus que en c! nido habia. most a K R.nmn Catholic Churches, we our
--Pn- qu preguntabas lo del testamento?- Lord issuing fr,.u thde Pe torium or judgment-
ij .atm fenita. bohall .f Pilate, his body lacerated with blows, his
dij finEenta. head hourd by a crown of thorns.
-Porque to padre me p-omci6u maejrarte en During the night.-pent uan.r the guard of the'> y quinto, y dejar an lhen legadlo a cada High-priest Caiphas, in the press nee of King.
no de Diors. IcrAd, and from the frenuieJ multitude who
Sthronged around Him as le was draggd from
-A mi me import poco ems,--replic Benita ee mock trinbnal to another, h e had umier-
soliaundo. Lo que A ml mie preocapa cr el gone in absolute since every outrage which the
cuidelode s. vida, y el idado de Ar alma. malice of Hisper storr could invent. Netwit-,
de standing the relations on this subject witdhwhich
Mcho debi6 de convercese to squel o- St. Br:dget ad other Saints have befavonred,
meoto, de que los huevc iloe rest:anes estaba. St. Jerome is of the opinion that the varied rfs.

Hiring f,. our Lord at this time will never he
completely revealed until he day of judgment.
The weak-ninded Pilate after declaring Him
giltles and makinR-a few eeble attempts to ex-
cite pity in His behalf, and justify His release,
fndinghimself unable to resist their bloodthirsty
importunity and clamorous threats, has delivered
Hlim over to the fury of His enemies who now
hasten to carry the sentence of death into eflct
before it can he revoked.
I. iHcre we have a fresh instance of the bar-
barity of Ilis execitimetU. It had hitherto been
the custom to blindfold a criminal before execu-
ting the fnal sentence, so-thathe should not s-e
the instrument of torture by which he was to die.
In the case of our. Lord, the cross fifteen feet
in height is mt ogly displayed to His view, but
laid on His bruise nd bleeding holders in
order that lie may Himself carry it to the place
of sacrifice. Furthermore to guard against the
possibility of lis being mistake n for any other
criminal,tthe purple cloak with which he had been
arrayed in mockery, is removed, and.llis seam-
les robe restored.
As the ignominy of hearing their crosse was
not inflicted on the malefactors destined to share
lisa punishment, who accompanied Him, we can
but conclude that by this act of atrocity it was stigmatize lim as the worst of the
free criminals.
II. Laden with the instrument of Hisdeath,
Jess proceeds slowly.on His way to Calvary,
amidst the mockeres and insults of the crowd.
Hi* small remnant of strength pruning made-
qut to the exertion now demanded, IL: st'ks
beneath liioppressive burden and fallsprstrate
.to the earth.
IV. Having been forced to ri- by the sol
diem with blows and impecatl He is here
met by His afflicted bMother, wh, in company
with a few devout and sympatbin womes had
een awaiting Him in His sorrowul prore*.
V. Being enable to proceed faster by rem-
to HI s. failing strebag the .oldft .-.t

from any wish to alleviate His sufferings, but that
they may not be disappointed in their determi-
nation to see Him crucified-compel Simon of
Cyrene to bear the cross after Him for the re-
mainder of the way.
This man, who, at the time, was naturally re-
luctant to comply with such a command, by vir-
tue of that saMe cross afterwards esteemed what
had been a compulsory task as a y and a privi-
lege.-As was subsequently revealed to him bry.
the light of faith, he hdd deen permitted to alle-
viate the sufferings of he Son of God; especially
selected to co-operate in the salvation of the
world, and chosen as the prototype of innoiner-
able Saints who should in future ages bear the
cross after Jesus.
VI. At this stage of our Lord's journey, we
find the pious and compassionate woman Vro-
nica making her way through the crowd ani with
a handkerchief wiping the dusk and sweat from
her Saviour's face.
By this act she confounds for all time the co-
wardice of many even among professing Chrs-
tians, who allow, human respect to deter them
from the performance of duty. She is rewarded
for the heroic devotion by the miraculous im-
pression of the Redeemer's sacred countenance
being left on her handkerchief
VII. A second time Jesus fallstohe groun-l,
overcome by the pains of a mortal woonJ In Is
shoulder, and the loss of His precious blood,
when He is urged on His way by repeated blow
from the emissaries of Satan.
VIII. Regardless of Hii own intense sufer-
ing, He addresses words of consolation to the
holy women who openly bewailed and lamented
His ad fate-even then pred:ctin the woes
which should befal the deac dats of those who
were now treating Him with such barbarity.
IX. Agni-tinfully toiling up the ascent
of Mount Calvary-does He eccumb to incras-
ed pn and weakness, meekly suffering Himself
to be dragged and goaded 6n the brutal sol-

mey. .

- I.


-( 7 )

S. havingg arrived at the termination of this took the oldy of our I1I Lord; wrappl it
,..rmful pilgrimage, they 'now tread the fatal in line lien, em bald it (acc..rding ti Ih:-cu-
;,ds cnsec.ravd ground where the Lamb o( Gi tm t .m of he J.ews) and afterwards laid it hl I i
;i tlo atuSfy the justice of an offended Deity, by own new sMepulclfre wherin never yet had any
i.,kiL thelplce of all other victims, and consumll- man Ieen laid-ri l'n.g a against the doar that great sacrifice, the efficacy of which as a safegard against lesecration.
i t, extend to all times, past, present nmln future. The Illessed Veghi hersei was the orw!ginator
N, a nminent's respite is allowed; lie is rudely of this inathnable, devotihm, since, as was reveal-
.'rilpdl of His garments; Ilis lacerated anti ed to St. Bridget, her greatest cTnnmolion was
HIt lifg tndy exposed to the gaze of the unt-l to trace and retrace the fo.tsteps li.eing ant unfeeling mob, and, as if in further Smn on that Mscredi rad he printkl.d with I li
a 4sitiy of HIts sufferings, a nauseous mixture of m,,st preckioum bl-nd. The examnpla was spe. dly
"inpgar anm ga i is put to His lips. flli.wt dhyl imnnwernlhlcChristiani s St.
XL The cross having been laid on the g(romul attests. Many voyngenr cr. ,sed the seas in order
Ithe just man is extended upon it, aml Ilis limlb to gain the indulgences granted by Iloly Mother
irrlched as on a rack to their fullest extent. Church to those who perf rmcned their devthlriouns
With the torturing crown of thorns again encit- at Itis nodl iheother ho'y places in Jerusalemn.
c'ing Is land, lie is nailed to Ilis bed ofl ut as ong and perilous journeys Iby land and
idalh-he drcad sound of the accursed ham- ea were impracticahle to the majority, various
onnrs causing Ilis alflicted Mothr alitiosttuo ex s'ovcreign PIotiff aird ti particular C!cmeni XII.
pit- w:th anguish. Ineticts XIII. and XIV. i'in. \1. anm I.e. XI..
XlI. The. cross.having.becn raisedaluft,. we dispCensng .ftreey.(he treasures f the IChurch,
Inor Mcontmplant the Son of.God left tiud;c wkih Ordained that all .he faithful who might visit dth
amguish on the infamous gibbet, the derisive Stations of the c.-a.s hbcsed by a sl-cial.facuhy
iaring of the reprobate multitude sounding in from th,: Supreme Pontiff. atil the authorization
Ili ears, and forsaken by all, save His sorrow- of the di. cesan Prelate, performing at the amne
in; .M~ldher, a few holy women, who strive to time the prescrilbd dtcv.tions., should gain the
c(,noe her boimnless grief and the beloved sam: in i'.lgenc a granted to those uhli actually
di-cipkl. in person visited the aforesa:d holy places.
XIII. Js'.s, having xpircd, not by the p'er IlHence this devrot ;ex rciec was speedily intro-
of death, oIHt by a formal act of lis own Will, duced into Europe by vari..u holy persums who
the cnratrion in command of the soliers on the )had traveled to the IHly l.a.d. Among the
Msontain. deeply impressed by the prodigies Prtl of these was the lIkessed Alvarez e tlhe
*ii signs which accompanied the sacrifice of the Order of Friars Preachers. Later on, th- PFath r'
0r s, puhicly declares the Man, whom he has 1linor (hbstervaht of the Order of St. Francis,
Sen die, to be the Son of God. W h.hen in 1342 they were estabish.d in Jer l. m,
Iilat having, at the request of the Jews, given tnm had the custody of thee sacr.d piac s, spread
odle-s that His sacred body--togeth-r with those throughout the Cth li World the devniti of
f the matefactors crcifed with lim-shoikl the Via Ciruc--we-.r*" the faithful like the
Ie removd that same evening, the holy task Is devout pilgrims eforenictione do themselves
With his permsion peformd t'Jospe o Ar- so m e this jorey in spirit, while they
-"h and ?icodems who pace Him i. the dlitae n all that our Lord Jesus Christ voucl.
arm of His afflicted Modter;. -. ifed to lsufer for our eternal Savatio during
XIV. lee we consider the tenderness sd ae last hhiW of h meorat llie.
+ieslln withwhichJoseph aided by Nicodenms, T.- W.

(. 58 )


a of Mteorological Observationis during the ,moithl of Febrary I[An.
l3,,mary 'W

Explanation for the Sky, C. Cunmlus, Sk. Cirrus, Stratus, N. Nimbus.
o. qui clear, to. quite covered.

The movemmeAt o. the" EJomeler wa regular
du-in February. Onm e astof'ie me.a %, 3o.S
wa marked, and on the Sti came i rtmarkrb'e
kil to "9.93. O.- ie fotlw'ag dJay 30. wrs
reyste Aa, *ad :"w -la.- rcmaned Wrir f.r 6

On tie ilth fall besnacon inutg e t'ntle ith
- wr'c day :9S was receded. Then. came
a ej.r r'ae, til. stR e end of the amowh it was
varying ewee y03oi P.l 0 .l5.
The Te.perature was mild th-w00hout :ie
moniit bctweetn Co' ad ,. For a afw lmou
te Thernmeter eccasinally t. L ,. and
r rie m'or~-p ge aI mI aem o; 6&", the
Ibd ind etolag te admapht, as he 8.E.
p-o d lhei L t
Rain wes carm, ne.itesemdi. uccK:oaal

The total quantity in. .ne rain oage was only
I.3o I~ches. This dry month, wikh dry January
and December, leaves vats and we!!s low, and
uonortu :aely to jud-e Irom recent year we ar
jest entering on i .e dry sec.on. St'!t we f
confident that as December and January whb
recd to be raiay, were d-v monibs this year, the
Ap.! and M.y w'll be rainy, according to the
law of con pensa.ion, observed to hold in this
country ;o: many years.

St. Ch e' ( 54 J

St. Charles College, A. E. M 0 R L A N

This College, incorporated in a85s, In.mont
favorably situated on the Alexandria Branch of
dthe Morgan Louisiana and Texas Railroad,
twelve miles from Vermillionville, and afford
the beat advantages for clasical and commercial
Tuition, board and washing .... .. $zo5
Entrance Fee-for the first year ...... so
Medical Fee.. ............. .. o.
Bed and Bedding ... .. ... ..... to
For further particulars apply to
Very Rav. W. KENNELY, S.J.,
And to Jesuit Father,. New Orleans and Belize.

Colegio de San Carlos,


Comerciante en Joyeria, Relo-
jeria, Plateria y en toda.cla-
se de Instrumentos Musicos
y Opticos.

liium* dou I'I1 Nut ORG.\-

Mtricula (pagadera una solma ve) ....$ so SOs, liorimis l.ara outon clitnal, de I*
Matencoion, lvado (a lio).. .. .. .. 50o Flr kahts Illu) credilaoluu.
Madico .. .. .. ............ .. to "a
Cam y ropa de cam ............ 10
ADVERTENCIAS. Be hace cargo' de tnla lame ole rejera-
. 8C paer pr adelntdoo cudI primer chren ein dlih4m runnmr y Iv lrec ml
mitaddel Ifto. ph l~i, las njrres MIA4QII-
t. No e har& deducclon algKa po ureM de NAN de *owr, hl~k ii *mw
I uncia que no pse de a rnme. h \ I ("Irt h I A ,
. 86lose adelaate~i aseg. I cantild depot AMERICUANY S TANIARtI,,
El Coleao proporornai mroe, r Y para m detallen diriKirwe A
par ecribn y deni ofa icaltto loa
ahimnuMs. A co do ea padrem. A. E. M fRLAN,
Pa, des r U pBe. r R L 'NORTH FRONT 8T, BEL1ZE.JSI

[ So ]

Convent of Our Lady of Mercy, Belize., ;

Select School for young ladles, Boarders and

/' eld w*tat is comprised d 'the asual course of a first-clas English educ-
/ io, Freic' is taught f uirAd. Also elementary Drawing ad the
s. h ^ i^ 'nper kinds of fancy
u Music, Piano or Guitar.
. Boarder, $ 10 0 hall a year.
.... ; D.. i ay-obla,; $ 5. o0 a month.
'* '^ i t "' D l" /,r -$ ." <
ver th a eess mthZ~ at asin CVt.
S :,ri^ ,:. "t "

il ,, ..' T

Convento de Ntri. Sra. de las Mercedes, Belize. ,
:o:----- .

Escueta select para Senoritas, Pensionistas y Extemas.
Adema di l qe se coinpWrede em el curse uenal de Educaein Inglew de
s. de se, es el France cuando se dew, Dibjo eleental y lo
S :abajo as encill en Obra de fantasia.
S" u, Mlks, P*iano, Guitar .
SPenieoiste, $ 1a5. Co por s e.'e
E terns, $ 5.'oo*lM. mea
ITWo* Tmo LAm m MA casm Anrw Amr A.*
hm .'U"-pM,, iuns a (3t. rlrUmdSd Csausls :

TH E..





sun 8. at 5.48. C0a is. Fuit Q r..
r. tt 533. Moon. 2. LNt Qurter.
9. at 5.33 Newroo.

S. Venantius, B.
S. Francis of Paula, C.
S. Richard, B.
S. Isidore, B. D.
The Precious Blood of oa
S. Celestine, P. [Lord.
Pinion Sunday.
S. Dionyius of Corinth, B.
S. Mary Cleophas.
S. Apollonirs, M.
S. Leo the Great, P.
The Seven Doloura of B.V.M.
S. Hernenegild, M.
Palm Sunday.
SS. Basilissa a Anastasia, M.M.

S. Lambert, M.
S. Stephen Harding, Ab.
Good Friday.
Latter Sunday.
Eastir Monday.
Easter Tuesday.
S. Fidelis M.
S. Mark, Evang. Litanies.
SS. Cletus and Marcellins, PP. MM.
B. Peter Canisiu, C.
Low Sunday.
S. Peter Martr.
S. George, M.

9. The Tridaum for the Children's Communion and Mass at 7.80 am.
Easter Communion begins at 2 p.m. Evening Service at 7 pm.
12. Easter Communion for the 19. (ood Friday. Morning Ser-
Children at 7 a.m. Mission Service .vice at 8 am. Sermon of the Seven
at 7 p.m. Words at 1 p.m. Evehing Service
14. Palm Sunday. Blessing of at 7 p.m.
Palms at 9 am. 20. Hol Saturday.. Service at
18. Maundy Thursday. Easter T.- 0am.

4th. month.

( 62


.. .. .. ..Page 6 La fe ca maestra de la Rason,..Page 65
SColony' ote'.,* "" 6, El NiiiodeAtocha,.. .. .. 6S
Foreign N licl f the Era n Santo,........ 71
i Ctrol ** "h 63 The Blessed VirKinon Calvary, 74
'I)'*ovcrj,d Cclny T, .... ".
sr, c hof the S~cred Heart," 64 ,
SonY Notes. lyencored. The winning mannerin' wh:ch "The
Colo little child" was mang by la Nilita, Aurelia Bur-
g a.s erned warn applause, and not once only,
SIIE chi nn news at this time i t e l bnt twice did the little thing-repeat her willing
is the begin ng of theu service for the delighted audience. Therender-
of absentees and the talk o. ing of the "Escala Musical" by Miss Vernon and
has gone and who is gong is intere- her fair companions was very good and its echoes
m For whilst th. se who lav'e have M still to be heard in the streets.
ting o I fr health's sake, who rcma.n Especial thanks are due to Miss Frances Ver-
li go awchange the n-w dues the.- must non and to Don Irenco Perera to whose assiduity
,kerts The Chief Justice left about the mid- and skill m managing the choir we are indebted
k of last month and the Colonial Secrtary for the pleasant evening and also to Don Basilio
Hon H. h lcrningham, the honorary Pres'- Peres and the Guitarists for their valdable assis-
ent of the Cholic Association is we regret to tance.
ay leaving during the coue of April. His Honour the ColonialSecretary Captain and
S Mrs. Tompkins, Inspector Kaye and Dr. Lamb-
Very Rev. Fr. DIPictro ismaking his visitation kin, were present in addition to the parents and
of the Villages ion the banks of the Old River friend of the children.
Sfar as the Cayo. Next month we hope to give --
an account of the work c'heas een doing during Since March s8th the Mails for the Northern
the last month. He is expected in Belize in a few District are made up every Monday at 8 am. for
day' time. despatch by the Contract Steamer,
We hbare received as an exchange, an illustra-
ted periodical aed "Cathdlic Misions" The Foreign News.
March number contains an interesting account of
Britsh Honduras. We strongly recommend our OOR Prince Rudolph, the only son of
leaders to subscribe to this excellent little mags. *If5L the Emperr of Austria, put an end
ine which Is full of news from th Missions in all L to hi lise there scems little doubt,by
quarters of the globe. The subscription 75 as. his own hand. His terrible death with
alyfor Europe he Mach number can be inexpressibly adcircumtancescame asafear-
at the Catholicresbytery. ul shockto his good Father. Prayers have been
--a offered up in expiation throughout the country.
ORAIe s WALt.-A variation from the rou. But how at ma be asked could the Church sanc-
tie life of .range Walk was afforded us on tion the magnificent obsequies which were pr-
Shao Tesdy by e yoang i oi f thechoir formed in m of the deceased Prince he
a. isted by the sool childre. died a criminal? in the Jesit Church, London
A Programmes costing of English and such a assembly of the Prince and nobility ot
sp songs crr eat with great taste the country met forcelebrating Prince Rddolphs
ad funeal raitel as have not perha been gathered
ThL *Palo.,s" a de by Dola Tedila togetherinCatholicChurch in slarincethe
B iSetor Vlctt Goaniaeswasbeart. completion ofthe Reformtioq. t was the

( 3 )

prince of Wales, the Marqu'sof Salisbury. various of S. Ignatius of An inch (died A.D. 114) the state-
lscrign Ambassadors, the Chinese, Turkish and ment of the Christian Sacrifice such an argu-
Japanee Ambassador-, their wives and suites and ment will have little weight There is Internal
a host of notabilities, who seemed somewhat out cvidk-ic in the letter which shows that it cannot
( place in a Catholic Church. A bishop sang be laterthan A.D. zo0and it is probably much ear-
Shke Mass and gave the last absolution. How lier' than this For in it the distinction be-
c Mail ecclesiastic burial be given to one who had tween the Old and New Testament is not used,
ow.mitted suicide? In such cases'the canon law but the Bible is refercd to as- l. the Scripture,
Lk. the common law of England inclines to a including the Old Testament. Apocalypse and
lenient judgement and. unltas it is proved that Hernias; z. the Gospels; and 3. the -Epistles
lhe deceased had the delib-rate intention of tak- of St. Paul, St. John and the Didache (Teaching
in his own life, it is presumed to have been done of the Apostles.) Most probably the letter was
dunagtemnporary madness, written in the closing years of the 2nd century
-- and as Harnack thinks by Pope St Victor. For
Report says that a Miss Flavin 'a young, pale, the letter is written in rustic Latin such as one,
thin. sp-tacled !ady' is on her way to Molokai to born in Africa like St. Victor, would use, some-
sias in taking care of the lepers there. It is said what in the style of the Africans, St. Cyprian and
in the Newspap-rs thdt-she is a Cathol:c, but we Tertullian. It advises also excommumca:ion and.
v -ture to doubt this statement; for we do not we know that the Pope exercised this potter on
think that any Catholic lady woulJ maketheex- other occasions and again St. Jerome tells us
tmrrd:nary assertion that the Church of Rome that S. Vc:or was the author of several volumes
sent out a call to over ifty differer.t orders of on region b.sides the Encyclicalson the Easter
women to go there and I hat .nly one responded." question.
Any who knows th*" chrac' er of religious women The writer of the letter reveals his position in
in the Catholic Church will think it exceedingly the opening sentences of the letter.
minprhab'e that this can be true.and we must G" EAT is our sollicitude on account of the uni- decline to accept t on the bare word.of verbal brotherhood, l4ievers..... and since the
Mlim Flavin, wh th&r Catho!ic or not. fath. rly compassion of God has conferred on us
the of the Apistolate, and has esta-
imcery of an Encyclical of the Second Century. blished with heavenly condescnsion the vice.
(COfNTNUD.) Igrent See of he Lord, and as also we hold the
CO UTD ount of authentic (inherent?) Apostleship in
SN las number's "Angelus" we men- the person of our predcs.sor (the first ofourine,)
tioned (he recent discoveryof a Papal upon whom Christ founded Ilia Church, and who
Encyclical letter by Professor Har- at the same moment received the power to bind
nack and in order to understanJ the and to looe, and accordinglytoforgivesms, with
alcf this discovery we placid b-fore the healthful instruction wecarcadmonished lest whilst
tea kr the Professr' view of early Christianity we too readily forgive wrong-doers we be along
a given in the LonJon Tablet" Jan. r1, 1889. with them chastised.
To come now to the later itself. Among the (2.) And so we are called the Salt of the earih
works of St. Cyprian are to be found a number that by means f us the whole Brotherhood may
of treaties. which modern criticism has set aside be salted with heavenly wisJom." (Herarere fe-
an mst being the work of that Father of the fences to Matthew v. 3, IHermas, and Ecclias-
Clhrch. One of those is a letter containing a ticus xxxii. I) "for in order that it may be cleka
srongdenunciationof obstinate gambler. From that we, (that is. the Bishops,) are the pastors of
Ihe opening sentences of this letterCardinal Bel- the spiritual sheep. (i.e. of the faithful ) who are
lannmie considered it be to the work ofone ofthe placed under our care,. lt no mange (vice) be
ealy Popes and inthis Harnack entirely agrees found in them......
with hm. The Professor however tunks thit
it ws t written earlier than A.D. to becipse *N.B. The celebrated DutchStatmn an Grou,
OF its distinct reference to the sacrifciia character himself Protestant, thin that the RReifarmt
Bf the Priesthood. To those however who al- made a aistakl in doing away with thehristian
ftadyind.hi the celebrated Apolog ofS.Jstin, Sacrifce, since bhads ce mention f It In the
mnir1 (A.a. 140) and still em.ipr. the,writi*n writings .t the Apo.tod Faths. '
U -ir 0-a --'.'. I -.

( 64 )

her'uLord si oPc Peter, same powers. Where is this pushing-back pm.
(.) Int"ret ume? Ad. Peter answered. c a to end? St. Tgnatius, -Bishop of Ant;oh
lHe ad, nwct thau kno t that speaks of te he Roman Churc "which praeida
Ye, mload t. aeL -"and with sollictude over charity" which Hefele takes to nmn a pre
&YCS 1.4 h,,,,-sn with sllicitdc ni P"4"
le said "(fI Yi tim his injunction saying sadence over "thc'whole congregation'ofChris
lie mccon~l a And since we, bishops, too titans Still further German Biblical Critics. we
**feed my. 'the impos.ition of hands the Holy can hardly call them Chriasians, speak ofa Pet.
Shavere C mer of our hearts, let us cause rine and Pauline party started in the Church in
Spirit in the O the days of the Apostles and e in the djinuma
no sadue to our gue .. St. Peter the firrt eating up of Papal authority.
e. then we havc I thet reml entry a There is'one .tep further back to say with C-.
teify most probably n the nd nth r to tholic that Peter did not made himself had n(
td sed tooheh bishop, awhorih them tohav the Church but that he was so appointed by
the whole e d, the Apotolate and the Via- Christ' and this supremacy, as Vicar of Christ. n
sit of nds his claim on he nectasarily contained in the divine and original
fah otht Christ founded his Church uon his constitution uf the Church. This newly-4.and
fa or in his See-who, we can have no Enc)clical I t'er then has this value that it sup.
ibt,"* Peter. He appeato Matthew xvi. 8 plies a missing link in the chain of evidence that
wshn rs proofs of the power which the Popes as the successors of St.Peter havefrom
John x f S ng Var ofCh ofbind the beginning by word or deed asserted theirso-
he -.d and so of forgiving sins and of premacy overthe whole Church. Furthenore
SaSd losing d of the l oc. N can itbe it gives a death-blow to a somewhat silly argm-
bein the Shep cis of thi Bi meant often used-' we find th or that clat
rg hat he liewils deduces the author made at such or such a date and therefore it had
(the Popethat no existence in the Church bore.' Common
other bishop from thesome texts of Scriptur,
of oher b it oin ps ord e with the ordif ar sense should teach men that any pretension which
teaching f the Crch to y that all bishops ar w t once novel and striking and contrary to
of St Peter in the piscpat bhot that previous claims would be rejected by a great b&ly
P alone i hiccesr the primacy. of the faithful, and that certainly ay new doe-
the Pope trinould be sire to sceo with trotept o
Now what is the bearing of this document.t It tose wouc-d be sre to meet wth proteerst fm
used to be asserted that the Supremacy of the o chtdor of orthodox the Fthe ndt
oman See was th ction of the False D Doctor of the church. When then we find the
talks, which were conp;led in the middle of the faithful silently acqniesng, we inay be mrehat
ninth entry; bt an examination of the history he claim and t-doctrne ontainedn itisnot new
of these iventyed .earl h dearly shown theory beut in pecrfet accord with previous teaching. Fur
of these invented decntals has early shown that
the authority of the Pope derived no confirma- as St Augustine teaches wherever we Iad a dog
tlon whatever from them; and that the False De- m believed in the whole Church and not defned
retals were universally received because they ac- by any Council we may be msue that came
caded perfectly with men's pre.xxiating ideas of down from the Apotle.
.the Papl power. This Isldearly proved by Pau
Ilinchius, a German Lutheran who spent many Chrle of the Sacred Heart.
years in a careiul study of the False Decretal.
o when it.was found that the Papal Supremacy t
in no way drew its origin from the Decretab the T Victi th Le of RiCe.
wueso was pushed further back to the sixth cen-
tuy. A careful tudy of the Acts of the fourth Gold has been aid to he the king of this rn-
and third general Counci, of Chalcedon and tory, and-prhaps In no age has the gldc ca
Ephes must convince any fair-minded person hd so many worshippers. At all time there
that the Pope aeerted his supremacy m the have been certain nations devoted to making
Chrch at mst asearlyastheCouncilot'hesus money but in the present day off the kingdoms
A-4sL..Ft'herse- chshowsthocltimol supre of the earth seem to be given ap to the pursuit
me"made by Po Stephe n rand now of riches. The ge increase in crime which has
-uia' nydiea*lettaPor aPP tiytI beesi d in meea coStries ein ydn t
In the M nd qcety ( ia, at ,th e thoe trandsinrd,- m njt pecuatiaon nd

.+ .
:,... .

. ( 66 )

Various ways of robbing and cheating others,
which come from the spirit of avarice and love of
money. This same thirst for riches is also to be
and in our Colony. It leads employers of Is.
Imur to mike unfair and hard bargains with those
who work for them--that.truck-system as it is
called which underpays the labourer and makes
him buy at a higher rate than others, And why
docs this craving for riches grow.? Because men
think that happiness isto be found in the posses
on of riches.. Our age crie--Blessed are the
rich. But despite the enlightenment of the uoth
cntui)ry infallible Truth cannot be wrong when
It proclaims,-Blessed are the poor in spirit.
SThere are two kinds of poverty, actual poverty
and spiritual, or poverty in spirit. Now it is espe-
cially in this last kind of poverty that true bles-
sedness isto be found. This means detachment
. from worldly goods, not caring for them' unduly,
unwillingness to get them at the price of sin, or
to keep them by the neglect of our spiritual wel-
fare. Even the h hen Dioenes, who had only
a tab to live in, thought himself happier than
Alexander the Great, themaster of many king-
dams because he was above caring for such things.
And really we have only to look around es to ee
a great deal of misery caused by the love of riches.
The Victims are,-wo friends who have quarel-
kd because one thinks the other has cheated him,
or those who have married for money, or various
members of a family because one has and the other
a not, or those who from that accursed thirst
r the things of this life have been led to forget
God and abandon religion. Pray for these poo
Victim, for most of them areconvinced that there
is no harm in loving riches.
0 Jesus, through the most pure Heart of Mary,
I offer the prayers, work, and sufferings of this
day, for al the intentions of Thy Divine Heart.
I offer them in particular for the victims of that
thirt for riches, which makes men despise Thee,
me only true good. Heart of Jess, por for ow
akes, make us esteem d l for
Thy ake. Amen

Dieo as ny liberal y riko, pero par regis ge-
nral, sla asyori de los quo e sirven ielmente
a este muando asn as ricos sioo las pobres.
iPor que El trat asd a ss mas qeuride haijo
P*r Ia mnisa rumo que la mauemde a & s
to solambete a poco do lecbe y O caus b
.,.. .

vino. Es. porque elias lo aman, por ser ellas
madres, un alimcnto mas ablido lea harls daio.
Asl & I maynria de personas l abundancia do
bkincs temporales lea seria fatal pars sus almas,
y por lo- tanto, Dios nuestro Padre, es da sola-
mente. poco. En el Paralso nosotro serdmos
hombres perfectos y ent6nces, tendremos abun-
dancia no solo de bicnes sobrenatural si que
tamhien done naturals en abundancis. Como
todavia nosatcma comoa niflo, asi nuestro Sefor
no nos da much. Esto es casi una evidentever-
dad,peronoesgustadaypor Is tanto con dificultad
creida. Y ali s que, cuando nuestro Seaor so
hiso hombre El so volvi6 el mas pobre de fos
pobres. El escogib por Sus parientcs, gente po-
bre y la mayoria de sus discipuls eran de a mis-
ma categoria. La mayor parte de los grande
santos de s Iglesia han sido 6 se han ellos mis-
mos hecho pobres, de manera quo podemos decir
que la gran parte de duques, marqueses y condes
en el reino de los Cielos son los pobres. Rudguesc
pars las victimas de la Pasion por Dinero que
por medio de ella se degradan y envileccn en los
ojos de Di.s.
Oracie cotidla par te Mse.
SOh Jesus mio I por medio del Corazon inma
claudode Maria Santlsimn a aortnico lasoracio-
nes, ohras y trabejus del prtentedi, parasreppa
rar lta ofendas quo e s hacen, y para la denma
intenciones de vuestro Sagrado Corazon.
Os las ofreco en-paticular par lasvlctimasde
sad de riqueras, las cables hacen i los hombres
despreciarut Vos nicoy suberano bien, Coruon
de par nucatro benficio haccd quoe l si-
memos como nda, par amor vuestro. Amen.


O escribo pars enmfBr y cUregir & los
jibj dGVrado r--quaI lo males de
la anided y orgullo so nhicrables;
ano pra alentar i los dbiles que
S ah dando trances & inpulss del aire
esn e=ado con hertiess y deatentada pals-

Mirando lS.g beci de los leolts hes o
de prs enter .n labor dnde renthnarias
:"' t + .' "- '

;o s6lo el bstf en. cerlo. Hay cous que, ni para afearlas y re.
la w I.- tirlsu so deben repair. De fata opecic son unl
o-. rn..mi cond(t p.ars calar blasfemia. Dicboos losido6 i que no hays
FIo ante n, de corillob mostrador Ilegadot
cn tl r sisr ~a los que se figuran que Gtneralizar6 e lenguaje para ennobkceto y
= ed1ctoltcinno squl a algo como abusar dar k la r6plica el carter impersonal qu, exig
Sefde hosita1dad y legal tolrncis in-* cridad.
SlkenL .l L lr c I .la- Hay algunos hombres quc se 6man ins-runid
i'mplro~hd.'- unic mncte dipsn dl do taiento que tidenm I mentgua ym'teriacre
coiermdo de obra v c .t ... n en los milagros. Bien irsto, Is aberracmbn
Sanai;ni6 atn a s d o sptn at via con vires de lbgikc. El hombre estmlia
S cpd inmpon"l dede el pnnipo del cr al hombre en *s mismo, y las veldes reaks b
iio si o elea el precepto. de q "eo formales qu: no se sometenv salen de s mna
o (o (no g te la talogos de pracsai6 o quinsa rbita do observcdn, l1s rechaza y o
e da sacerdotesde Ia ley d Grads smoi admit. Por eo. quidn sente ls vQrtigoe la
a todos cri'stino") d "eto s darI le i sc sensualidad, no cr en Ia catidad; el cparoen.
Smor. I los denies, delntede la lq doer t b ai bhortd6z; cl avaro enlsargueu; nielingra.
si pors.a qe 'os ~e n deo, oy o enen to en el reconocimiento:--
.mU -n o *t I riO ostenan, y so rtunen,
asiodo po becnas raiones, como dice San Y cando no so creek, a natural near: iba
Pablo, i o que presumicran contrarisdas. .cas & decir calumnnir. .Noo peoumiento nuero
A de ati de l Igeis Uniiersal ea me a quo el hombre ao un ser limitido en todo.--y
s de igioso os b los y sus civili.- mene que Ia soberbis lo desmienta hasta que
ad abcoj t aemqRo, m b Pea S detemniuan au caids qued&ndole uncamente
s 'rio tierr- Bata y sobra lo .euest pera clears" y ulvre obediendia I hmnil.
d doevl icn"o do dad.l RePkpmaso: Is ra6a ne discdpla de I fle,
i ocrir etisno confer on today o a n lo b quo Ie a s necesaria para ver algo sobre Ia
e ree y esper, y i defndero con absoltu naturteza y quoe Is cegutad del entindimienco
7l4Z -no eRogue I desconocer In sabiduris y onmipo.
aoloc1alm. del. tencia del Creador, que puedo alterar en or. -
ConqueBsbkcmm delsuw.o. iordwrto la ley quo el mBimo Iha dispue-.
iumwri da In reprosucci6n averiada de los to-S"lo con Ilque
errors, haburdos y desvarfo que contra It fe han
omitado los enemigI del catolicismol Los acleno divinos
Tars fatigouA acriaparai l Aritotic contar El hombre ve de squella mano eternal
y reucir i ndme las rcea quo so han contes- Que en orden admirable
tado victoriumente semcjantes fahcdadusyde. Todo lo manda y todo lo goblern."
irdes; po coio los enemigos de .I headed no No flta quen diga que In fe corta tls aas
so anen de repetiro. n todos los ooy for la hnulginacd, aputa de lo. caminos de Is dcen-
mas ; tampoco by que cnsarse de a refutacida al entendimieto y so oo i n esti-
ia de que ah bg pasoy triunfo a verdad, y cons de Ia verdad. Bt.i fase totinvnoio ra
duhags do a us las *tinlblas que L aid sarimas contiari
VUs em o ecIa matarl ia 1 m-le, Santa de Is iAs Santa Igesia quo,
IVanmost A irqdnomadob. eto Horribles oas, quierey trablja porI pcrfeccibndellom-
c51o dcdlichuadu eiimpacdl r desics bre en today m fanci md etd<, delo o
to hen "Ianmndo a antem~ r d n a emuctra a on f doc6dnte y de ino ,drretra-
"Poe oe" eccional y rndonlta do eat gFbletodasuso gradhitorwo, wM, nitidayptta.
ddid4qe, do'po mer. ranclas, InutU an J dd p--Redar. l. ep i 'ras
alsYe, worse. memospy Ia rotob h cu d81 stul_ a punto quo tiene mayor hateri de
phd, y h rIet tes urutcB helo d5 Ctd laoa "rlad, ct 1" oV^f ea gfncardabk
smds fo., Us do 7 brt o o.... ,Iframoen que q ,- Ual.seal mere
r ys .ss& lSd ban es quO I&ro"
.~ps 1 p"h m. w imls y bkola quo pelidod

S.( "7 )

.. Mirad cuinto debemos-a Ia Reina de los padecid despuds con dell; y para que, pues el
angele, cail fi ~so merecimiento, que para manjnsr que recili Adin de sl mujer fui meertc,
qae coaibiese al Hij, s &lumbra y aiste el la carn y Ia sangre que ii recibi de la mujer y
Padre, que le envia, y sobreviene en ela ela Espl- s Madre Santfsimn fuese vida en manjar; dis-
rita Santo. Carguemos Ia consideraci6n en os poniendo que en cte Sacramento ecumpliosilo
efectos d: iste misterid. Dicelc l Angel: "Dios que ofrecio.i los uya:. que estari con ellos to-
te aolve, Maria, llena de gracia. el Sefor cs'con- dos los dias hasit elfin del mundo."
I,., Iendi a cntre todas I mu, res." La ctal, Oh Mairf, de Ia harina floor par
oyindol, fui6 turbhud en so razonami.nto; no pan sacranc dI do.
abis cuil cra (ta lutaci6n. Vea que ny nd sacrame
que ta liena de gracia, y que l &inor era con I Oh Vfrgen, cuyos pies cc a l la una para no
e!a y qu era hen lita entire las mujer.s, ae (urha lc'cr menus; I quen vidse el sol, para vs-
I swa he.l qaw: snltaci6n era,.y obliga al Angel tire de luz y n)zar inmunklad de -eclipc; A
a que le dga: "No tensa, Maria; porque hal. quien corona estrllns, iara creceren solsl iVlr.
lastu gracia cerea de Dis." Ang6tico aforismo gen" par scr madre; y siendo madre virgen, pa-
es, que no teqas q.i"en balls grsc'a cerca de Dios, ra que ls asomnbros de l gracia admircn las pre-
an qai n solo hay seguridad. "Veis que conce- sunc"es de Ia naturaleza 1 Templo divns-
biris en l vientre un hijo, y ou nomnre Peri mente human de Is Santisima Trinidad, done
Jesus; ete a-rk grande, y 'l Ilamari Hijo del el Padrle site con omnipotncia, done cl Ilijo -
Altisimon; y darkle el Senor Dios el trono de su sierra con la sabiduna. e que e Espiritu
padre David. y rinari en la casa de Jacob eter- Santo obr con el amorl...
namente, y su reinu no tendri fin." Y con to- Sd6o lo inserto vale por una formal damentida
das ecsta prernga.ivas y s.fias quc Is da en nomn- i los que pregonan es rimora el catolicismo ae
lat de Dies el ingel, cuando no s: turha ni leme dearrollo de lai.ficultades dci hombre. El saulio
nide'a, p-e;unta el modo; ACbmo seri est? y seglar aut-.r, porque ei Isahio reconocido y
porque no conozco var6n." Rexrondi6 el Angel: admirado pur todo el mundo, y no clesiartico
"El Espirttu Santo sobrevnen.:en tI, v a virtud eacribe con primores inimitable de estilo, con
del A:lsimo te-obumbrari; y por esto 1o que de elegancia clisi a y una profundldad de concept
tli ncicr.usant, sern Ilamadj Hijo de Dos." queo vaulla. Talento superior y bien cultivado
Lu.-o que oy6 d scubitkrtamente el minterio de de'crudici6n rasmosa, es hunra de a humanidad;
a Satimhnsa Trindad. Padre, Hijo y Epiritu poeta de poderosa inspirac'n, insigne filisofo y
Santo, did 6I si, diciendo: *Ves la esceava del de frotalkz jobina, "cnry6 para entender, y no
Seiior; haiase en mi sepiun tu palabra." De pritendib entencr para crcr." Hall6elcamino
suerte que a primera criatura i quien r nmani- trazado per Fan Ansdmo; fui humilde, y sus
leK tel mistcrio de la Santlsima Triiilad fui a obrasI feron hn.-nas: "El brdcn exige que antes
Maria siempre Vfrgen; y fe ucupaci6n do todai de que preosumamns escudrifr con nucstra raz6n
tr(e ierona, y i..J Hija i:el Padre, Manre d-l los profundus misterios de la fe cr:stiana, los
Iijo, Esp1oa d Espiritu Santo; puw. il Pa!'. creanos con e divine; pro seria una como nc-
Sdel Panr fui cuncebida pur ia ubra del Espl- gligencia y dcscuido, a, despuis de estar confirm.
ita Santo: de manera qu. Maria es Ibro done mados en cta fe no rocaismosmntender squdIo
sea etdia este masterio inefab;e de palahra y de miamo que creemos.
iraa. Lmasla-rd Angel Hena de gracia, antes IJeass mil vc'est La omisabn que he estado .
que d4 d i iy condha, para m.rtrar que en d.a para cometer se iba i crcer intinclional sienik
o habia instintit primero ni egundo sin gracia; simple llanamente un olvidkl Me apresuru i
o as pado liamar liens de graces, Ia que no so ar
ptdioe llmar sin pecado i boca liena..." fe staca I libirad, ln es cierto? Aild lo
"Y eta cane y cst sangre de que seformb dicen y propalan lose IArw-edmtedaorm El car-
aerpo de Cristo, con asstenia del Padre y por go es grave y hasta (ito punto no to pedu ne-
Sdel Espritu Santo; que babia de ser car- ar. iQu aprktol iNot que feicided pues .
id4,y ecopiday crucdicadae an pisibo,-- t enbtecioy acittol Tratando dla
ates d dela, en la cena la sacramentb en los libertad de auto, c-decir, religious, fuondamen-
cidentes de pan y de vineo. Piadoasamente J- tal l prohibidbn de la I ia, cerrando #ai con
0 q0e eata antiedp io ki su afrentas mirat saludable rigor los caminos que condo a lus
_ecoqae M deai i hr eatn r vrr de d Apetaderuo am leye-los per eje)p dalibro
M Nafdre e dodcI'e ha m o stie C p IN h asbroai, Sea S i Bhli, sin la isateqion


( 68 )

a, eudll& bautorirad par evitar iss fat-
o' t 'ct 1 que. resultant do to algunas son-
s dcU','" sonosl, pie de Ia lein.
AIns omi arr cinc parscomprubar que so
ce Wmal eyno C foritrio Hbre la Bblia, en
-i Cle no V rega do Ins Docto-
Sa. ntos padres, lino0 I dcsc ripa n on ex-
r y ,r" ae r-'ijaald y. pulra do nn celcb
rewo _e o dos aima lIcanzsdo trees grande
b enda o J o author an personjc ilustre
Stoc oup coa honna, rutn y provcho, ,na-
S iu "Cno de hd prictros puctos de la quert-
d noble Esp i V se:- o
.'dn pfrestato deA los primeros, lamadu
d ~eto dio 6 el olicio quc tar.l s e hizo pa-
d.cro.cre ado qu a61l0 campli ha sinte,-
S Ca de' Gnesis q .HdW wNKta tI( ware em. Y oto, de
nbrF edrtdof, so ubi lo alto del tZjade
ds cas a predicar desde all ed Evangeho i mo
,. u- amn y its vclno-. porq haMa leo en
i uiD Mateo qucllo do. PmedEuta W $er0r0e1. Y
otro, cayo nombre no ecuerdo ahora, se estaba
la hor lvidvada prediaindo i Sa perro, porque
". b~bbi lado: Predcabte BEUaidiu0La 1111411
. ;. MB.'*'" ;' .
Levendo tan extralas y ran conas, bay que
"." iar, sabindolas, po spor eto, que A no se
: ndi rnI, aquellaspalabmraineblientenis-
lcrio qoeinspimn i "Un Ctdlico miedo y trn-
S blot, delS gra Evan'lio: "Yo a doy ora-
ciss, decia eL So berano edntor de s h nnbnes
dirigiind6se la Dinided, yo us day grncias
poqun habhe ewaeondido sl luz de vcstra mis-
erk i lo sabio y piudent del d itlo, y as hl-
bet dignado ivreltarh lok pobrei, L. igno-
S an.. laey paqadeBtl -
S Y osa qoe oign la qle tienen ojoesl Que
i lo que tienen qjoal Degraciadlo n que
me o en oJo y oids on el stido iblico. Mir
.a wliora b haer McidOo.
SEl. Pammoagxo.

:. '. l Nina de Atocha.

1Amongst the pictures of devotion,
which are so-widely sprea in Central
America among the Spanish-speakig
Re1bli s, there is one hat at f sight
S stkeS erson, especially an Egrlish-
'ba i t very q1aint. Ac ibby

infant is seated, on t royal chair in tilhe
position of a King. On his head vfest
the tricorn with its white plumes, on h'i
breast the cockle-shell and in his handl
the pilgrim's staff, and. gourd entwined
with wheat-ears.
This is the "Niin do Atclha"-tlh!
original of which exists in Madrid and
is much venerated on account of(eervil
prodigies which have been wrought lhy
its means.
You feed. not be surprised then if I
recount to you concerning one of thire
pictures a fact of recent occurrence with
the details of which I am acquninte4l ns
well as with the persons concerned in
the merciful issue.
There lived and does still live in the
city of II- a most respectable and
worthy old gentleman named Don Felipe
S-- He was born and bred a Catho-
lic, and knew of no other form of belief
except by name. As he grow up into
manhood however, the spirit of indepen-
dence manifested itself by a disposition
to do just what he was told not to do;-
indeed the very prohibition was an in-
centive to violate it. He gloried too in
"liberal" ideas, in the modern continen-
tal sense, and consequently deemed no
topic, whether in Theology, Science or
Politics, out of the reach of his proud in-
tellect. He read books too, of the most
irreligius and immoral type, and by that
inexplicable rule of "contraries," though
he pretended to despise religion as an
old woman's vagary and unbecoming the
character of a mn,-yet he spent nmor
time in thinking things against religion
that could have sufficed to make a stint,
if the time had. been properly used. He
searched-he huited over the daily jor-
nals and magazine and shallow srance

*( 9.

Suppers for any thing that. could gratify
this diabolical and irrational taste.- Na-
turally such a distorted frame of mind
induced a dominant hatred of religions
things, so that even if his coffee was cold
or if he met a priest in the street, he
would find some foul epithet to blurt out
against the faith; in fact he was pos-
Ilia wife, a charming and .pr:tctical
Cathllic lady, naturally enough had to
practise the virtue of long'suffering in
no ordinary degree and had it not been
fur the affection that Don Felipe bad
for her, she would have succumbed to
thr husband's infernal persistency for
One' evening as they were sitting to-
gother in the oool verandah, a lady friend
entered and was heartily. welcomed by
Don Felipe. The conversation turned;
from one thing to another, till at last
dhev loll into the topic of religion, which
Ihd men, strange to say, can never leave
alone. Don Felipe was a gentleman
However and therefore toned down a'lit-
lie his sarcastic remarks out of respect
for his gentle visitor.
S"Oh Ion Felipe," exclaimed Donas
Angela you have completely staggered
sme!-How can I now dare to make nmy
present to your wife, when I hear such
unhealthy expressions from her huis-
bInd's lips-yonp shock nm-yeu inake
me fear you.
"Oh never mind him," interposed the
Seiora, "he does not mean what he
Mys--I think he speaks in that fashion
o tease, more than to hurt."
"I beg your pardon Dofla Angela and
101e that you will dispel any anxiety
thbot my interfering with your little
ik. My wifeis at liberty to practise
Sms devotions at pleasure, though of1

course you know, I don't believe in such
things; I consider them foolishness and
unworthy of a civilized man."
"There yon are again, Felipe.-But
tell me Angelita, what is it?"
Why I have just received two such
beautiful pictures of the Nifio de Atocha.
lint now that I fear Don Felipe might
show disrespect to it, I hardly have cou-
rage to send one to vou." -
"Oh Senora you need not be afraid to
send it. For though as I said I contemn
such nonsense myself, I will never inter-
fero in my wife's fancies. Perhaps Dofna
Angela you think that the little carica-
ture of a baby with his little conch shell
and calabash will convert me, ah, ah, ah!
that is good. However send it and I
give you my wrd as a gentleman that
my wife shall choose her own place to
hang it up and that out ofesteem for you,
I will not be disrespectful to it."
SThe picture came and Dona Serafina
pluced it in her chamber right in front
of the bed in an unmistakably conepi-
elolrus t. .
in spite of his latent rage Doln Felipe
kept his word; at least so as not to wound
his wife's feelings, Ibt as every new
day's sun poured its beneficent and
cheering rays through the half opened
Inttice-work, it gilded the Infant-pilgrim
in glory.
"Oh that confounded punchinollo!"
he exclaimed as lie opened his eyes and
cast their first glance at the picture on
the wall. "What nonsense people can
be guilty of-I really thought Dona
Angela and my.wife had more sense than
give credence to such patent drolleries."
And he continued a string of invee-
tivesAgainst the whole system of reli-
i from the smallest altar-boy .p to
te Pope himself, and deAnoeued the

"c 'f unmitigated rub-
wh oluo lo, a. This ended his mor-
bi devotions each successive day till
Sing rencontre in the public street
brought about mysterious change.
I sabro idt ow that bad men pretend
t, dpis religion yet singularly enough
theyp senabsolmutely and always preoc-
d with thinking about it. If they
were in goodfaith and believed it to be
trwa, why they should not 'eave it alone
and not worry either themselves or.
others, but *Qmi e'excuse accusee'
Three Worfour of these nineteentl cien-
tury ..twddle-nlongere had got into an
ltercatioli on some unimportant ques-
tion of the Church practice, at the cor-
ner of the Plaza with old Don Manuel
C--, and were warmly engaged in the
tilt, when Don Felipe approached.
His opinion was considered of great
weight on any point, but never so mucli
as when he could launch out his diatri-
be againstreligion. "Bravo! bravo!!" ex-
claimed Don Felipe, when he had caught
the cue. "It does me good to find that
there are other intelligent beings beside
myself, who are bold enough to dispa-
rage all this superstition. I don't see
how any one in his senses can so de-
mean himself as --."
"Don Felipel" said the old gentleman
who was calmly reasoning his point "is
it possible that you top have been sap-
'ped by the evil influonees of our times?
Lok oere" he continued, "as he drew
him to one side, "I .hae too much res-
pet for you to.believ: it and thought
you had moreoiidratioa for yourself f
eutin ay-ease do'plse come to my
Some to-morrow and I will a
little lutary reading."
The next oringDoB Fem li ocked
at Den Mamiel', door, pore with the e.1


pectation of finding fresh material for his
spleen than ought else and received from
the old man a little book entitled "El
evangelio en triunfo." "Read that,"
said Mainuel, with emphasis "andi gua-
rantee you will not repeat the unseenmly"
language which last night you allowed
yourself to utter."
Politeness obliged Don Felipe to holpe
so too and they parted.
On arriving home lDon Felipe took hi1
puro Cozuelntl and with chivalric deter-
minialioin to ffil his promise to perimst
the little volume, opened thie book atm
commetnced to read.
"How strange," he muttered to him-
self-"every one of my pet exprcaiomm
are put here before my eves with an un-
answerable negation. What I have hug-
ged to my 'bosom ad dear proofs agaitiit
idolatry are rational prootl against t
own opiniton. Balh! I11 have done with
the niglt-mnare of prejudice and hate; till
I have better roeasns than the vain prat-
tle of conceited.and deceived men I re-
turn to the faith I was born to." And
rising uplhe gathered together a pile of
impious, so-called literature which had
been his mind's food -for years, and
awaited morning for the holocaust.
As he woke at sunrise and saw the
Infant of Atoeha before his early gaze,
he seemed to feel encouraged by its lok
and kneeling down lie said his Crei;
then carried his sacrifice to the ard out-
side, and put fire to the whole. That
done, he calmly marched off to the near-
estChurch-made a hearty-honest tn-
fession and returned home a new man.
From that day till how he recounts this
episode with nfinite; gratitude, ehuekles
over the fright of Do&a Angela and p
Severe a true and faithful p-laticaal U-
t .

( 71.)


Co+nais. .
Squella tarde, Sanclo se dirigi6, en
cfecto, i la paroquia de sus segros,
en ves de salir & caballo como tenia
dc costnmbrc. Era l Curs an seiur afto, aeco,
vioj., de moda'es brucos en spariencia.
oW io me conocera,-le dijo Sancho, con
aquel air que le era propio, entire alivo y cam-
-No, seoor; no tengo es- gusta,-replic6 el
Y Sancho, con el tono algo enfitico de quien
cree pronnciar an nonmbe destinadj a causar
efcto, aiadi6, inclinindoe ligeramenn:e:
S-Sancho Ortiz de l.'Pinres...
-LYal... May seilor mio... IY quo tel?..
iSige bien D. Benito?-
--iBi a D. Benito?-re tid Sancho, mirando
at Cura sorprendio. iPues me hace gracial...
Perfectamenteestiitlbucas L.rA Divrtilisimo-
lha Tom may divertido
Cuando o iban & ahorcar,
Y en la horca as le vi o,
Reir, cantar y hailar.
Y mientras estj dcia Sancho, en a one usual
do duanza, so sentaba ain ceremonial cruando
ae pior subre otra. Toc61e Ia ves de sorpre-
dere d Cara, y ya Ibamnifesarlocon alguna
*pmere, uando Sancho sadib*
-1Pero V. no sabe quoe ml segro eta, comno
qlm dice, conm n pU en la mepultmras..
-1Q"tme rdoert V... Pues t me dijo a
siaOs sefo, dota GeOtrIds, qe el accdenate
IbtaIsP qdo, y qo 1quOedabspOekigr490I0-

0 *

-LEso ha dicho mi seegra... IQud barbil-
dil_ iY cuido lo ha dichoL.
-No hace tries dias... Antes do ayer, cuando
vino i confesar pasn laquomunim general delu
Madres Cristianss...
-I Por vida de ls Madres Cristias y de ls
suegrs embiuterul..: Pan sep V.; lor Cura,
quotodo eo que ha dicho mi segra, es mentinr

-Y ella ube que to es...
-Yi, ya...
-,Y abe V. por qui lodice Pues pars que
& V. no es le ocurra dane por alk e.pasito, i
visitar al enfermo.
-Ya, ya, ya...
-Y e diga & ese pubre vijo, que so prepare
para moir, porque, cuando sminos o' pionse,
rovienta como on triqeitraue...
-Ya. y, ya... yasai...
Y el ura alris y cerrba la despinteda caja
de latun de sus gafas, comosi d ela feers sacan-
do aqueikc significativs-jya!-que sparecian
en sus lainos como claves de otm tAntos enig-
mas, que se ibladescifrando... Reflri6leuntbces
Sancho todo to que an mujor le habia narrado
aquetla maLana, y conclyb- pidindole que in-
terpsieras s auturidad con dola Tula, como
cindf jr y como Pirroe. para que s adnmiis-
trasea D. Bento los Sanrs Sacramentos.
-A ea. mji-dcda, se oI ha mntdoe n Ia
cable a que Benito ao ha de queJar n eat
muado pa siien:e de ribnos... Setenta ablo
tle ya, sear Car; y t io secta ao%, no s
necedit paa mnorir, otra enurmedd que I
muerte... |Caramhal slempre he oido 1uabhr
dd Pr Osen ; per loqueaadde paseMw ,
e ini vi d palebra, come re a. mld ea...

( 72 )

S-Co w~me^ o { a hrrr y crrr I como.elloe dicen, la.pj lad, cuandosetratad
Ei Co di mido i SIncho con de sus interaes... iY esto, hasta entree gnt de
c*j do ~* I 7 esa que Haman pildousi... OigV. uncaso, q
,a d.pue to, q"u tampoco hartr hecho me smcedidhace poco... (1). Cierta s ion. d
For pe to... may devote, vivi con an ermnnno rics,
tes mnto... calavera y viejo, 4n ta creencis de que d.te tani
P ac,. claw q o- hbcho tetestmento en faor sayo. Enferinb d
Ydtc Sancho.. hnrmano del mal de la merte, y cuantosedostr-
Otdr sinic tio t C .lum* lr" Mi M_ ice pre acorcarme it y contearfe crue.
d yerno, dJ ei'cper Car d(e as imprtpi- inftiles: Ia tierns hermana me to iwnpia sien-
c-Et dcxCj pre, por temor atl ejbroMlto que mi presence
-E ddcr,- -iPOn aIqut o, ra'nl' ppdiera causerr at enLtrmo. IMsti y amnenac, o,-
alobbio tcstamento cree qu he Aintes de qu mo era obligncion mia, y lo consegul que l pia
yo me ciasMos Pcr, omo ne a l e h seo. e uome pusicr en la puert. de I call, am-.
br de tantos ngcio, ictnpre tI quedarA n ca- n(qhmdome con lltmar A n polionte, si volvi
Mtalo eltosM pisentarmn a en cas. Ma por une bendit
-Ya, ya... casalidad upo aquocla mujer que no estalia s
-y, ea in, selor Cum; eto import poco... hecho el testamnto, en que cifraba s eqporn-
Lo que hay que caidar ta dos alm... sa*, y.. lsbo e ted lo que hibo In cariunaint
_-Y, ya... hermani, la.ptadosldma sellor, para-que nl Mo
Y que so evays motrir pobre hombre, tole .apma ia herencise Pues tuvo d descrude
mm ito que un perm.... acdir A mi, Aalad, par que urgies a polh
-Ya, ya, senior ). Sancho: iya entiendol... moidhndo i dictar Cl testaimento ;y comeo y
Dscuide metd, quc eo core do mi ceunta... tardase nme hora-n-admisque on hom, scior
En trra y cuatr aloe quoe IIvo de Pir~oco D. Sancho-ea acudir i case, ella misna se
he vit, irte machas amMs inideo, gracia at spresurd dar e pushlids, tmrose d que ye
cario deo s parientcs... Le que so be vieto "o tler* tempo
mo ea, quo se muers n enterno por th npr:- -IQud bsrbaridil.,- Y V. qu hiao, seoar
i que(e cause reciir lu Santos acramenCnt.. Cr ?...
-Eso digo yo, sior Curs..; -Paoe complir con mi deer, slor D. SancM
-Y yo dip mds, seaor D. Sanbo--k inter. y atorine i que, ad pa r e bkn e ino per
rrmpi c n seerddd elt Phirno... Dige que holel m, as mM pnrdebte fegla p~tct:c. dca-
Vito i cMns miue periOents ta cartloi, que do: at :er taI mriMr de ns we, cpr ved
M. teaol vaer par cmplir el deber qurIus de tea ostro... D gracis & Dio, que so eli de
rnd d acraitia o, d deer qu l cart tate odidci do Osqal mejer pma sMtv I an aI-
Dicldeotei temeiud doe s d- a, a Isque no agm.u tratejo,,,a islvd on
des,cd.ntae d pea ord de eii siao todo .4w .. .
k ehie, digo, M utab jMe .anhMteomer, rtoo. K ,

t d -

( 73 )

deedt.. A costs de so propia herenca, pudo
aquel pobre infeliz comprar sa entrada-en el
cio-. .
Sancho se levant6 conmovido: Is rtpugnante
mucndl. de aquella major le hilo avergonzarsa
de sspensamiintos; porque la doformidad que
an deccuhre cl homhre en sms propios actors, la
l4e vet patente al juzgar los de otrt. Tendi6
ambak manos al Pirroco, y dijo con honrada
-Scier Cura s quiza tiene esa historic mi
parcido del que V. cree, con to que at entrar
par oc paurta raeni yo pensanro... Pero corste
qe. M i mi scgra Ie totr 4o d lo carios fu-
Sasi, ni i dlia oi h sm hijo. les corresponde o
de lb escranrv s do herencia.; Me cntiende
V- seirt Carat...
-Dis nos a nt:ende a toWos, "kclor D. SaTi-
tlb;-cont-c.6 dignaments el Saccrdte, despi-
dkemule.-hast la part.
At dia siguiente dola Tula pgahs ana brinc.w
on la sills, y es azufrabsa a car de cotufa, al oir
i ans de us criadaa anunciar, Jelante de D.
Benito, Ib visits del Prroco.
-1QuI majadral-exclam6 Impaciente y
terada. Qu dgaan que no toy en cassque
eoy ocuapaa...
-Dice que le pre ha bblar i Ib ewcrs cuanto
--Q Qor6 k-dijo D. Beltoo, tambien .lar-
mudo. .
-1CUalquiera coat. (La conferencia... los
p*res., scar diaert--epci6 doga Tula,
tarrulindose matodava. tQ6.fhwstidio-. Dile
qut pase al.abin .. .a No le iato hombre ms

-tProroprqu o l ba sentrar ,quit-dijo
D. Benito, coaddemo doestierane.. : ;.

--INe ninguna maneral-exdlam6 oer de d
dofia Tula.
-Pro majer; ni que estaviramos en tiempo
de epidemic, y vinier de confesar apestadoL.
No es que estemos en tiempo de epidemic,
Beni.., Es que no me. gusta dar alas i css o-
iores: serim may buenos y. may antos; pero si
es les da el pid, se toman la mano.. Qu pare al
gahincte, y yo bajard en smguid..
Don Benito se encogi6 de hombros, y dofa
Tula, nerviosa y asorada, fu6 a recibir la visits
dd Prroco... Mudia bora larga dmb la entrevia-
ta, y jamas supo nadie to que en ella so habia
tratado. Obsrvdoe tan sblo que doiA Tula no
volvib i acercase anes al confesonario del
Pirroco; quo por dos dias consecutivooetuvo
inquicta, nervios, saumida i ratos en una especie
do grave preocupacion, como si se afanase y c-
vilara por conciliar lo dos extremes opuestoode
un dificil problema; y que, i hs krcers noche,
eatando rcunida toda la family, y ella algo mis
animada, manifesto d pronto, co n an si de
naturalidad detestablemente lingida, an proyecto
que habia concebido...... Pvnsaba pedir l Aro-
bispo el privilegio de tener oratorio en casa, par
que Mu BIkto oyese alI c6modamente Mias; y
mis tarde, alih pars Noche Buend, pediri' tm-
bion icencia par cclebrar la Miss del Gallo,
comulgar a media noche tods Is famiira
-iToda juntitom!-decia. desilanik. atniber.
Y t tambico, Beni mio-. Vericqucccremooia
boa Beaito biso an gesto de diaplfcncla<
-.iVsmanl-dije doli Tula. IA que oal
abors ~It sonaig screipu ... .
S--No on ecripulo, Im wcr-repic6demal
l ao don oBet.., E que, o. entom aey

;, (74 )

ndm m edi nomhe pars to y cristiana. Retvo A Sancho incinado Ase
. sb '" el pecho del 'ms pequeiitb do su hios, y, a.-
k cirb ,..ow ,'cocer"d pow an riendo entire s ligrimu, le dioju
DO" 'lTub so. qoed6 dscon c t ....
4. 4 a. 1 i af e tono muay devo. --Y pot qui hemos de eperar i h lorns
"w ^m e io o he nos~ de ofracer algio muertp?... MsBlan mismo podlam cmnfew
rojes. Sqlera" eplquita de mo- ts dos... Hce. a's 'd on s6o qus td no o.

s c echabs sin pert*L ar n. l'Uegrr Y Sancho, defando ode e el Sancho d c
soca orranmnte Ia cbezs, dijo at moment, paos ser e Sancho de todos ins dui
g crm dicnt.:' di6 n cariBose empujon s major. diciendo:
_-iTa, ta t.-; Teoo,besagol... Valien. --Mira con lo.qwe sle &horm it ,l.
si dM6, Coufat... -Y n7 que al ehora
e5 tC;on fan. o~ Y come6nad dar oltterotau.por el cuaMto. on
,tr I* ,narte con lB m0nt en lo0 bol il .
ast quo le hag anos .n.cas n do p horrible veleidad coa que muchos coramm"e
N~cBw a, Y d viejo etragel aSmuelot.. eso juegan tecmrlariment con Ia miscticurdi
Nocbw~aoa Y tense61o im oerkanifL...
Y aedll mismna noche, ciando. hites de de Dic, tan a6lo pot hauageaerat...
ac e krlos dos j6vene esposom fueron i beear Be ooiinuard.
Ss aI odon donid, como tenian deatunmbrem
Sascho dctero i an majer entire Ih doe camitas
de los ria yle dijo graemntc e The Blessed VirB a Calvary.
-Benita, to voy & peddir oancoa... Proriite.
mdo por lo mAs usgrado que para ti hays,. per
a vida de to angelitos... Que cuando muveu At the cross her station keeping,
Stood the mournful mother weeping
en el caam de to padre, me hasde avissr, porleve C o to Jeus to the ldW e
qg au de risgo... Quicro moircomocristiano. Th. o h he bart, his sorow during,
qeio eaI aldelo., contgoe y conmis hijos... Al his bitter anguish hearing,
SBaista ew 6 Ieb lorar, y ocutd a rostroe el Now at length the sword had pas'd."'
pecdo de as mcrido, diciendo de to ntimo de .
aims .s ""
AVING traced the toilsome and pain-
S-.Te l s neo, Sanchoo.ljq juo... y ti pido
Si at ldmos jramenteaot... ney of Our Blesd Redeemer
A. 8mbe s k" ml n 0 m p i to Mount Calvary, oadd w the
a so e l lasrims pI6 mo wegrpt I e crars, ad the for maoe
s subJaa-To a0 .-y aunbosesmpoes i. hntemhle weght of the sdn ate &whobe e-
me pace, bobuieeo lei sate de in .*
tr p ed M i fracs ret It a ppea but namal-L to tor. .r
.ql da the comiertio oft. ecoeqestdf-
S Bm.ot. e r. doe ienh par r nes sings brt ey her wheo i a o.d
uismp amxr y"Mi.plsddh o uo i md img e isarumntality He w

* -. .

amned our human nature, and, by aid of her co-
opertion, fulfilled every jot.and tittle of His
Father's will in the scheme of our redemption.
Frum the moment of the Incarnation of the
Word made flb in her immaculate womb, by.
her consent, the life of Mary became one con-
tinuos martyrdom, by anticipation, by a'tual
experience, and by retrospection. :
As she listen d to the sinister propheci.-of the
venerable Simeon, the agonies of the cross were
reealed to her mental view, and the heart passed
even then through asi:ent scene of martyrdom.
Yet, "if it had been in her power," saysSt Ber-
asvnture, "she would have accepted of th tor-
ments and duath of Christ, to be in her
own prison; but in obedience to God, she made
iin rt gl .rious offering of her Son's life, sup-
pressing, though not without pain and difficulty,
the tender emotions of the love she bore him."
*My sov reign" says Anselm, "itisimpos.
ible to believe that you could, have survived fur
even a single moment, such pain and grief, had
net God sided'you."
A.d now the prophecies of Simeon begin to be
verified. Scarcely had Joseph and Mary returned
t Nasareth after the presentation of the Child
Jess in the Temple, when by God's command,
btey wee compelled to .et out during the night,
while the season was sill cold aod inclement, to
pferfm a lung and perilous journey through
Palstine, the term of which a te lnd of exile,
Egypt. And whereore?-To shield their Divine
change from the murderous purslut ettbe emi-
series of that r who bought His tfe.
No eonsideratlo of the Infant's tender age,
the daicacy ao is Viri Mother, nor thew r

*.1.. .^wuCII& ar^ J
rapLt of iddrgalng evrof "aiugaibie incas.
W 64,4sd 1 8hii)e1124 daefcaud SL laseph


S) .

from instant compliance with the Divine will.
His love for Jesus, and his desire to.serve Him
faithfully, softened every hardship, and made
him entirely forgetful of the trial attendant on
this unexpected banishment.
Although little traditionary Information exists
concerning this.tedious and painful journey, yet .
as. the object of the holy fugitives was speedy
light from an imminent danger, we may reason-
ably infer that they would choose the least fre-
quented road. These, as travellers affirm, af-
ford no place of shelter 'ave and except occa-
siooal grttos or caverns, then as now made the
domicles of depredatory hordes seeking to evade
the hand of justice. We can conceive then that
a continual apprehensio of attack must have
beln added to their fatigues and privations but
as Jesus had chose to fly for the encouragement,
of those who were afterwards to suffer banibh-
ment for His sake, that by His example His fol-
lowers might know that they may laudably en-
deavor to save their livesla hopes of future good,
their dcstinatioa was finally reached.
There, as the evangelit informs u, they re-
mained until notified by a heavenly messenger
that they might with safety retun to the land of
Irael, asthe tyrant was dead who had drenched
the country with nhocent blood to make sure of
the destruction of the *"ew.borna Clig aad
extend the enjoynmert of hie crow to a greater
length o time.
It s asserted by various notable authories,
that thb Holy Family remained in ~gypt for
meva year, ad to the preset day I te-retig
traces. ather sojoa a pointed oat which we
habe eat paee t .deseale ber.
*Thu es.Frabbriegsd adme* piey nSslc
btheBlesdVed olt olupwet byStJ 4 g

S .( 76 ).

s *hly sLodifa. herself and her Divine which can neither be conceived nor enumeratdE
de rtl o their wrtun journey to Nasarit, she has entered Jerusalem, that fated city, in at

a Lter.i, according to custom, kept the suite of Jesus, to join in the celebration eof the
*less F'A of the Pach in Jerulsam they last Psch with Him and His Apostles.
dis ed that Jesus. was nt with t can be Scarcely have the sound of the fHosanso,
bfit tty omgined een by those who haM with which He had been greeted on Hil ecntrsn
e thesoows of thisflicted mother a life. Into the city,. died away, than Jesus begins to
kMg subject of study. d devotion" drink of "the cup which His Father has- give
We may picture to our mind* the outward Him;" and although it is not until after li
mnifestationm of her grief; her tears and solci- condemnation that His Mother. appears on the
mos aqafi; but her mental anguish at the scene, as after events shew, nhe has been anxios-
has of her beaenly Treasure, is as far beyond ly and sorrowfully awaiting Him.
.. onpAhension even of erthlmy mothe, a As the mournful procession proceeds, the
thebond between her and her Son i beyond night which is .presented to her view--Jes
eanpsrison with that which unites the and their bound with cords; His sacred body covered wih
obprin, however worthy of their love. gaping and bleeding wounds, and sinking under
We come now to the time when our Ble the wigt of the aos, is moe than even he
Ldy's heart is pierced to its fullest extent by the faith and fortitude can support. Nature gives
swrd of ronow"-a sword far more shp and ay, and she sinks down in a state of merciful ,
penetrating than any earthly teel, a sword of n 'ty.
mortal anguish whose wounds began to be in- Restored however by timely aid, bse rains
'icast. the time of Simeon'spriphecy-wounds the use of her mental faculties, and the cn-
which she has endured during the whole of her sciouness of a physical and moral martyrdom,
Son's mortl life; wounds 'still widening as the to which, according to'the Fathers, m scene re-
eoapletion.of His Passio draws Oear. corded in the annals of the martyrs could bear a
She has devoutly and faithfully miniateed to resemblance.
Him--er Son and her God-duringteearof She has ascended Calvary's steepest height
duao pentin Naxureth, where according to and, arid at the place otf section, ha watch-
Scripturm "He was object to .them,"-Hi d with agonidsed nse the inhuman preliminary
Mother and her spose S Joeph. She has fol. tortes nicted on Jesus by His executioners
lowed Him throughout His three yearfpubli be hore Dtally rasing Him sloft on the cross.
il it "wa e r 'I n her a ia 6 And Now she a .ad beneathit. "0 fortitude
tIo bbde sdf, oa lnte ifv with, Itoul1 (wondedtulmens a ncyl e aclarmSt.

Fe."SIndg any lsd e fpivatior Lrrtid gQud the whjle world i hesla-
ar Wd hsiotto. ths" withea draws, t, do an
rp* of:heav MaryM
Altar *. rsrg. w.. b eaN quakAes. beu Mar" y
..****adt suffer adr d : "Xwkeeps her hd.i I rOcks are teat mudr, y the

( 77 )

heat of this Mother remain whole." But des- in her arms the dead body of Jesu, from t
pite this astonishing conformity to the will o hands of those holy mn, Joseph and Nicodemus,
God, "what mind can conceive, what tongue and with what anguish of spirit she witnessed,
dacribe her sorrow? No grief can be compared and it may be took part in, the final preparations
In hes, because there is not in all creation an) for Its consignment to St Joseph's new tomb,
Ioee ike her love" (St. Bernard.) All nature hewn out of a rock and situated at a short die-
suiers and seems to participate in the sorrows of tance from Calvary.

Yet still her cup of bitterness is not even yet
fut Scarcely has she realiledthe shock of having
seen Jesus "bow is head and ive up the ghost,"
when her heart is rent anew by the still unsated
adrbarityof His enemies and executioners. These
ministers of Satan, not satisfied with the evil
work wrought on their Divine victim while alive,
would now glut their fury on His dead body.
And thus, according to Holy Writ, "when
they saw that He was ahead dead,.one of the
Ssodiers opened His side with a spear, and im-
mediately there came forth blood and water."

In compassionating this additional wound in-
Bitted on her sorrowful heart, we may reflect for
r consolation that this "blood and water" is-
sued from the sacred wound in our Redeemer'
ide for the purification ad redemption of all
mankind. By this wound we have access to His
ust loving Heart, which is a place of refuge,
security and repose, to all who seek right for
ue peace and tranquility. "0 blessed lmcel"
etlaims St. Lewis, "0 blessed ausls which
hve opened to me the way lie. If II had been
in the place of that lance never would willingly
Cme out hrom the boom of Jesus. I would say.
"Tiis the place o my repose, here will I
dwell for I have chdqen it."

We now consider with wnat tas anl d
a,1anduae o grief, ahis aicted Med r eceed

St. Chryiostom eulogise the compassion and
devotion of Joseph and Nicodemn, and above
all their courage mi thus publicly declaring them-
selves, under such adverse circumstances, to be
disciples of Christ, which fear had hitherto de-
tered them from doing.
Mary is now the sacred charge of the beloved
disciple,- His mother and ours. _She has been
solemnly bequeathed to his ilial care by Jesus,
and though she would gladly have followed Him
to the tomb,-she understand that it is the will
of God to extend the term of her early pilgri-
Conforming herself in all humility and obe-
dience to the Divine decree-as Jesus had wil-
lingly conented to die for us, so she willingly
consented to live for us whom she adopted as
her children in the person of the Apotle.
The devout Nieremburg says.-"The love of
ordinary mothers for their children isbuts name
and a shadow dompnard with that of Mary for
each individual of the human race."
As Jesus and Mary are Inseparable, may their
sacred mame be ever dear to our hearts, and in
the hour of death, may each ne of aus have th
happiness of being ableto say I tuth-"my
heart is no longer myown;i bel o k wit
to se e N M d Maryal"
.. .T. W.


( 82 )

s*-. : CO NTE N TWS.

"Paie 82 1The
-'::, i N '. "" .' 83 .ra

Colony.Notes. tact The
.. .. Mr. Robert
-N Frday, Aprilt the Io"n. II. E. P hotly aft-u
I ereiun Csoeial Secretarv no bat jap
kft nl 4he L City of Dallas"'for New had been
Orleans to spend some months on another job

,le oecr -vVry Rev. Ft. DiPiro, Carlos Turys a
ujdhnJo Esd, Fntjidt of the CaiC Asso-
Sctio and oahisprivateandel.Biial friends prepaation
S at'In board the Steamer to wish hm to tone
d to have a ait parting word. We e Owing to
tl hio r the Colonial Seretr will ben- a .Fghter wa
S' y hi wcearaed chanege- and that we may
liomee back before l tin eswed beal party started
*d srenth. it seorme a
-for after ,
The Holy Week services of at .month were Pice's Ba
carried through quietly but with good success. vous where
S The people were not summoned to the Church was made,
by public .dvertising nor attract by any new board for f
prcher bat on the whoe they attend fairly ave him,
wedL Nearly soo children received Holy Con-.
munion on the feast of Our Lady ol Doloun. point, te
whist about tis ladies approached the Holy three boun
Table on Maundy Thursday and there wee as party held
many as o at the Altar-ri a Eater Sunday. oftheco
Amaonpt the las were ll the members of e o th
'Caolkic ation, except such as were un- o which t
vdblyaet, ad many other genllemen. not havkn
--- g cricket
The Spabh MBad wih their a susal rtley of which, t
ri he .eaxsria e Sservice matSnday. aubsttia
tlhoughl of
A pnewas raad for Easter Monday for the looked
Sth ays iho ead served ea the Altar during eeAd not
SHa Weak helhe Cr* wee ao inaed to fall eIe
ame. At AsIlt aisee d i, though e whote turned
mat be aO ISa W ach efes. e ty
.W .' .. m

discovery 4o the' I. Crows Pl'; SS
an Santo, .. .. ." 91
waed john Fisher, .. .. "
of the anr.. Catholic, .. ." t
uncle of the.S. Hear, .. i

"May-Ilo-wer" lad bKXn rMet fonm
Arthur ai;d it was intcisndl tV, mrt
S7 a.m. But at the ap Iintel Ir
pared amI it was then fmoun tht :'
vithlirawn from it< entggelm.:dt l.r
i. The was gry t lisapp .i-,tm 1t
boat had to he got at any oit, a
I1 Hlam had bmen oioked andl fhr
i made, which rrcnfknd it inqlmpi-i4
the picnic.
the kind exert:onuf Mr. A. LatCi
i at last ixared hd at 8.45 L.m.the
d from Mess. Cramer's Wharf, het
s though some Jonas was on hoad.
many tacks as no progress townn'
Ik, the Haulover, (the pace of renlcz-
other friends were to meet the party)
it was decided not to cast Jonuaor-
ear some fishother than a whale might
but to steer for the not very distant
Port. This was safety reached a4'r
i al and from Is till 6 pm. the picnic
the Fort. Here the juvenile portion
pany quietly found a pcke of level trt
o pitch their wickets, whilst the lad:e
yet learnt to use their limbs in play-
, eacised another member in the e
hey are acknowledged adepts. Ageol
ea closed a not imenoyable day,
ore, there mwas disappointment that
I for meory meet at Price' Basn
take place;ad te as lio begas to
y lat mse of the niemelea fighter was
reward, whids war r sache ortly
.n. *

___I__ _______



Pap. AllocAtiksinthe Csonsttory feb. 11,1889. the hatred nations have of war is daily more
clearly shown. Their hatred is a most proper .
one, for war always brings In its train very many
At the creation of the last three Cailinalse, ries.
eph Benedict Dusmct, Archbishop of Catania,
Jreph d'Annibale, titular Bishop of Charists But the mere desire for peace Is not a sum-
nl Louis Alacchi, Majordomo of the Apostolic lTnt guarantee: Again, the vast number of sol.
palace, his Holiness Leo XIl delivered an allo- dies and the tupendous armamens can never.
cutitn, of which for want cf space we.can give secure sure and lasting peace.
only a synopsis. He spoke of the error by which Wherefore we muit seek for peace some basis
namy under the pretext of liberty were led to more sound ad more in accordance with nature;
parta: themselves from Jesus Christ and Has for if nature does not forbid one to defend one's
Church. It.had become almost the universal rights by force, she does not adinit that force
vxce of States. small and great, to throw off the should become the efficient cause of right. Since.
form of Christianity and to carryon civil govern- p ae is based upon good order, it follows that,
imeat without any regard for religion. We have f.r empires as well as for individuals, concord
never ceased, continues the Pope, to put before should have her principal foundation in justice
them the end to which this lamentable forsaking ard charity..
of God leads and have striven to bring those back
who have let themselves be carried way by this But God has made Ilis Church gurdlian and
spirit. For this reason we have tried to strengthen mother of these two virtues of which we speak,
the golA understandings which are customary on which account she has had and will have no-
with the Governments of foreign countries. At thing closer to her heart than to protect the laws
present timewe are trying to establish of justice. To the little and to e great those
an understanding with the powerful empire justice. To the little and to the reat thse
Rusia. The same path, as far as in us lies, we who obey and to those who command, she alike
shall pursue w'ih perseverance, and we are up- imposes the duty of observing justice and of at-
be'd in our resolve by the thought that for souls tacking no one wrongfully. It Is the Church.
there exists but one refuge, but one hope-yet a who, in spite of distance in spite of the different
very sure one-of eternal salvation, the Catholic of races, has joied t
Cc For which reason ur duty s to call f ce, od together all peoples b
all men into the bosom of the Church. friendship and brotherly charity. She wishes
Escially at the present time when events of men to rest in peace and she cess not from
so critical a nature are happening it is necessary praying to obtain of God that he will preserve
for s to come to the aid o the common interests the lives and the fortunes of the nations from toe
ef society with every possible resource., risks of war. As often as it was necessary and
SThb popular desires hated as we hive seen as the circumstances permitted, she has laboured
during tht.last days in lome seek to shake the with all her heart, to re-establish concord andthe
very foundations of society itself Once the voice p e of Stes.
odraligion is reduced to silence and the fear of pa an mi nr u
the Divine laws is lost, what other force ext in These erat" and mtivs mpire nor
State powerful enough to word off this danger? actions and we obey them. Whatever events
Wherefore to labour to bring back mL to that the future may bring forth,whatever may he the
pace, where the precepts of virtue and the pri- Jdgb s or the actions of men, we shall always
Cpf of order exst in ll their.pity. tof- ...a .nce wih this rle. in any cae if
r the most real service to the common good ac. contri rute toa In aprerv
f society. canot othews ,,mh to prom
There s yet another consideration why the tionof ptea we shall t have this resource,
pnset is amoat ftting opportunity. There ever that we sal continue to hev recomue to Him
was a time when peace was so unanimously de. wio can rec"a the min of mna whence, and
d In Emrpe soveeign nce ad hel e it whither, He will; ad we shall ea stly
adedle that the one oe of their ims d e t r, ar f war being rem* ed
s mlre ,pee nd ser they sLk es of w being

x !

gI a 111 1 'lull II

'.( 84- )

- -^---- --

i. i .. .

' r -i

,Hs mercy, tie may grant Europe to rest upgn a partkular talent for road-making. lie has a-:
tU aid nnirm foundations. ready opened one of the best roads in thebCokny.
.: .. which runs for 12 miles between the Cayo ad
Report says that Leo XIII has been-chosen Ienqc Viejo, and has three beautiful brid .
"i"idrator by the Republics of Bolivia and Paw the Victoria, Goldsworthy and Coffin hridgrs.
uy to settle a serious dispute which has arisen which arc after the one at Belie, the best in th
ith regard to the limitation f their respective Colony. He has now started a ioad between the
mie*. Cayo and Belize which is to be the Royal Rinad
and to pass through the different villages on the
S yy ta. Fr. istms 1rt ts tie wae. Oict. 'y. We must congratulate with him on being
ff. Di t W -- a model Magistrate and on his taking gr ieta-
Otn 5th of Match I started by land for the rest in the District under his control. e 11e*
W: tern District. I had to follow the OldRoad that the Government will second his efforts.
in order to call at as many villages as possible. The result of the visit was on the whole satis-
Durng my journey of So days I visited Benn- factory, considering that the 3oo Catholic are
des Landing, Spanih Creek, Viveadan, Catle, scattered all over the Dtrict. If the numbrr
Orange Walk, San Antonio, San Pedro, .San Cnessions and Communions seems small. it is
je, Palma and Hill Bank, fifteenvillages in all. to be remembered that the greater part of the
.1 stopped one or two days in each and according Catholics live in Benque Viejo, Socote and Sas
to the needs of the place administered the acra Ignaclo, and are thus-under the immediate care
: wenta. gving 45 Confirmation. 333 Comma. of the Priest who ses them regularly.
S ions, hearing 462 Confesion, .dminterlng Anew Chapel was blessed at Bermuder Land
s : a1 Baptmand olemising Marriage. Dur- lg, a new School opened in Benque Viejo and
ag my journey I covered 44 miles by land or funds are to he raised in San Ignadoforadecent
by water. In ascending the Old River I went up Chapel. Asthelndians every ignorant school
by the:right bank as ar as Bermdes' Landing; are much needed in al their villages, but Mastea
recrosed at San Ignacio and again crossingnear ate fewand it is especially bard toget them for
Garbt's FPals; I rode.through the country lying such wretched, abandoned places.
.;ween the Old and New River and returned .,
from Orange:Walk, New'Ri-er by the S. hUyl doi I.ide .J., rop Apt. duNras
"Cree." The .lMt pat of thejourneywas made l eas dsl d ers Faer y l arU e.
alone but as oon as I got to San Ignacio I was
mat by the Rev. J. M. Pindeo who is in chargeE D prse u a
of the Priah .District. le accompanied me l de O n Pastor me
thence as far a my last ttio Hi Bank and cionada por Jesucristo, es tde co n
wa' o great service to e through all this part caer un oveja;- i pesar de las dificl-
f the jo ey. Another gentleman who showed tades d estro caminos form a esolucion de
ShkselIfexendingly friendly and gave me great vistar todas mitevejasenestosmesesdevern,
assistance in my work was Mr. E. Clir, the para eaterarme siempre mas de las necesidadc
Magistrate ot dte Wester Dirrict: He received de mhi Cat6lies, ver coa mejorar estado
"e adrd r.t Psh erlykindlynWtohis howae moral y religios. A enque lo, tenua blen con-
and prat hlM eto get h~nmve m ih order edo, por Iaber dede machos abo tenido de
toledg and tetast ain M. Asa Magitrate h geato de itarles, st i embargo may satid
a highest praie, and the Colony is t do ee s vollverl aver otra yes para der i s
datuted t i fr ay hipsvemeant. Herhas tieupe ur rel dee.lnos Suprem Pastor
-5' : .. -

( 85 )

d Papa Leon XIII qnu tqnto.interd ha tornado
per los. ..
Con ests intenciones pue, y bajo ate punto
de vistU aR el 2 de Enero de Bediacene Vapor
"Freddie M." coa direccon a Coroal acompa-
liad de nuestro intinmo amigo Sr. Kevlin que iba
inmpccionar Is Tgkrla. que legun me habian
e ritoamenaaba ruina.
UL:dos c s3 y recibidos por los PP. Anti.
arh'y.Kellet fuimos de primens & in peccionar
la IgIesi, puesto que el arquitecto teia que Me-
Suir con el Vapor petr Orange Walk; y tupaea
de an miniciam exame no eno i cib conclusin
que proto" se necesitaban reparaciones ustan-
Sciles, y que k lo menos ee teoui que gaawaren-
In mil do. mil Peanu par realizar todo el Plan.
Me parrci6 impoible pr el momenato ever ade-
hate el pryecto, no teniendo Ia Miion otro
fondo que deudai crecida, y deconfiando que
Ir habitantes de Corozal, atendida = pobres.
pa!iran emmir eobre so resposabildkad na .s*
e tan comiderable.
SSin embargo, confado cn Ia Providencia di-
m y em el dictamen de unos principles caballe-
as Iauados al prop6dito, determinamos tener
a0u Junta general do tudoe loe habitantes & la
ca exponi6ndose la neceaidad en que meencon-
Strb el temple ao dearia diccutir el modo como
mair os fundoo.
Reund e elnecto tal junta el s7, n an brn j
*diurmo moctrd el extado peligroso del temple
L neceidad de una points rcpaecdor, y luego
hk preunt6 si querian votar Ia mocion de que
Pebldo de Corosal tooarsl par as cuenta dich
rpracion. Todo un aimes eatuvieru par la
almatriv, y oed6 ctipalada el actapor l,
di Poewo de Irmoal, standido el eatdo go eo
lmp* tomeab bajo m repomabilldad la repo*
acdon dl citado, aegon Plan y prcupet
praenaad por ed Mqalecdo Sr.K.i Lego
*a pe6 & hl discue ob re l modode runir loa
Iados dikrete (feems h proprtai Uar
maucri olamnta trek to bitabnir do Co-
erad, ui Tea.Pary m d me de Mayo, c R-
p pManflmi Waal y on Cowaieto muulesi To.

do quedb aprobado &i uaninidad, y habluadoe
abierto en continuaccion la smcricion, oe re-
uniron en el acto como unoI 7o Peos, encabe- -
sandols li ts D. Olegario Romer con 3So Peos,
sigultndo cl Sr. D. Juan Camlo con 8o, d Sr. -
Reyescon So, lo Pedres de Ia Mision con soo,-y
ua en continudon, Selorr y Cabaltlroa ademi
es comprometiero en tlerar adalante e .Tea.
Party, el Conderto y: a Repraentd6on. Sega
notkiia racbidas ultimamente Ia uocricion legs
yai 'ooq' Peq, y hay mchae ninma con an
undmdes eraina do rnir da I contidd. "
Acabada Ia Wvista Edceitltica en el Corozal,
hablendo .visitdo tambien Xatrlv.y Cmejo,
all.el3o paraOane Walk paer viltar hl e.
gunds Resadendc de bo Padres. Salierso en.
contrarme lo dos PP. Gllet y Molinm can lg --
nos nillay caballero%, y n el mismo dia me
puse I inspecdonr le Igicaia, o Cama y la Es-
colda. Qaed may estlfeho do todo, pero I.
asistnda de lo Nilom i la Ecuela A pesar de
los ecfueraoa de lo MWionewer aestros, sgue
muy esca; tbnto par I decades de lo Padres
de families que poco cuidan de intr acclont de
ms Nifas, cuanto par haberse queridoifaeena
Imponeren el Peblo otra ecuela, bafo el pre.
texoe doir intruri lo Prottetate Angltcamo.
El hecho a que, no hablendo tales Anglicanos,
slendo cast todo el pueblo Catdlico, lot Nios e
Mhn diidido en dos categnoru, dando-i cada
na n a imero nmy reducido De Orange Walk
lt Sa* Estmban peblo de proC Caicos, q u
cuenta ya como enos aoo habitantew. Pasm e
Domingo 4 Feb. en medio de allotpredkadolca
y adminintrando la Scramento y tprvechan-
dode da ea qu todos kl boombers eaba des.
canaudo de sw trabalo campostre, lo lla I i
uns reunion extraordinar pra var com me.
jarer oEacedla Ieia. Em cantol & a E
cml, a shdadner de scueita.l bertu pin .
dametoe habieM dbmiMnddo hs cocacaudia la
Eacwel del .oblvc o, coaeIddr par dalbb i
etprmIe do M ma Mr.e I. j. Mrd1d.
Lnt he vert is nuldaddoe.lecEiehansi
rou as- qs u tmns fW r uacdoris y alemaepi---

( 8 )

*- una plclaion i
..CspO dB. E,1 ProduceCo. Ltd. A
is Copl el tenoPara que viers coano
cot pe ri to inco-nvicnte. Acudi6 bdnds-
edl Encorg do & to pticon del poe-
.- n "idendcis para qu e se sttuvera en
no TEscuels pSblra. En cuantol I
I t l cubrib en el aco em suscricion de too
rF.a P norr r i t.npl y prot t'rl pr
,s C dCccate.
t 5 de Fcreroruolpdrtier para el Rio Nate
S.tis.e itr es cstacion de Catlicos, y apimr
adr Vapr que el 6 debis depasoir&l.liH
*" Adlnbiti algeuno Bautismos, rcan el pueblo
0d Rea ode Is noche, y el di siguiente tay
a. o hno bi r i Ia brram per tomar el Vapor
cq aqe In Contrat defbia stesr allis 7 para
S ,abIrcar Is fnts. Estavimao cisrando hhait
is 11, horse en que sparec:6 dicho Vapor, pero
pmad do o se lISin scercarse i l barra: No
tm I prine vs que ae Ileran scmejrnte cascd
pusa y fruteros, afotunadamente ruti de Ia
bjrm .e Boteto carg&do de lef, y endma de
d rs e gresi Belize desde I primer porte- de
ad visa",
S Qeeddo en Belize solamente cuatro dis, ea
e Vapor "City of Dallas" quo flevaba A bordo
EX elenMa de Ooberndor, saR el 13 pran
Pea. Gorda, temer Distrito de t Mision. En
gar dd 3 aegua Is Cootrata, par dacom pos.
ta e la miquina, deape. de mhber parlo
socbe fondadeo en Al Pine y otra n
Pests Cortis, elgano &h Punts Gorda cel a i
i' lu6dehmalan. El P. Piemonte, que tenf
pim precedente, ebtabs e Plays espeando
.1 Prdect Aposlieo con todo ao Pueblo de
SCria formdoe a prmelo Un.hote epre.
s* oeasanado co bn deras bIto Ia dhreciom
Od Pamdente de I deAd Cmca vi no
bI-care. Apelms no. acenumes io Plays,
Rapin do CamBPas, thns do futales, MAic
Sas nba eea es.mi d duainbr, de d l a

p s ds8 &yCnts& l "TMatoam E talrp
ie!. Bwfdonibo ie 5 r

Clil-J Gutierrez ty6 uan felicitacion may tie
ecrits congratalidome par mi ereccion .i
dignidad de Prefecto Apostb!ico< y dimlondm '
bicnvehida en mi Pastoral Visits. -llbindole
cont, tado'con palabras afectuosas en favor d
los Caribes, o lebri el S. Sartificio de Is Miss y
los despedi con mi Pastoral bendiciln. El wr.
Gobernador que se habia qnedado en Mikey
River lleg6 e dim sigulente el. t, fuimas rec-.
hide, y despues de se.. dedicatorif presented
por los Americanos de Toledo, me ad&.lnti con
lo Caribe -flicitkdole por It reciente promm.
clon rceibidk, de Caballero de Is Orde de San
Jorge y San Migul, haciendo recuerlus at mil
mo tkmpo del cariio particflar'de padre qne
habia tinmera d siempre & loe Caribra de Punis
Garda; El ont dM6 dA.-dons tas gracias, y
quin gravnr tv el Coraon de los Caribes Is idea.
que habindo sldo Padre de ellos, desraba uns
mts cumplida ohbdiencia, y que siendo Padre
behia de ve en cuando castigr ia o hijo deson y que s querian proceder conform I
ley debian temnr slempre loi coeQejos de los Pa-
dres Cat6"tosa que tanto ntteris e tnman pr-
ims. Par dtinno despidtndoe me prometi;que
irid visitar la nueva Residencia y to E4cels
asi lo hizo, & la an. vino con alguno smiegs I
iaspecion ar t Escuel entretenindoseen propi-.
ner algaos prublemta de Aritdtia & los Ni"s,
que psan de too, laego vsitbh Reaidenh con-
gratalauloae cor lto Padree del modo come ha-
bihn aprovecado de los favom del Gobiereo
En efecto, h Residencia de Puta Gonds qwe
iates era Itabiable por etc todeada de chas
de Caribea, que inmpediem clqein vemilacim,
boy hbor maMben. do etl GO iem o e temdno
aireddor do I Ileelea. et nae de lea mahereca
y ventiladga Randeite de tPrefectura.
SaaUenda s ERaci. qoie ia dia iite ddeb
satir para Red Cl paa btidd*drla ncmur Igle-
ala, tud tean aoseb do pstare i& (isimn s6oe,
an el quoe e6. C P. i'Pdeoae yr oi
paen, geMo r 6 kfleBo dtea-
do de Cuiste i 6 tVlkeis dd Rkf Clif
sUae"l b ti dhatloadmid in6 go
-' N.

--------' -- =-


( 87 ) .
: : .'"

virate may favorablee ls aguas .quoe eparan
P nts Gorda al Barranco.. Llevbamos i hordo
am hermos estitua de San Jose rccictemen'c
Ikeada de Blgica que dcbia servirde S. Patrno
de in nueva Iglesa. Uegados en dos boras at
irranco, todo cl pueblo estalu eIper&donos en
b lhy, a s calls estahan cubiertas con sram
niantales, la Tlesias nglanada con tcdolosador-
an del hoque. Un andes estaba & la mano pa.
ra enlocar la estitu de San Josm y con mi gran
mprensa na silla dc mans, himn formada en
nikho de santos, cubierta con lores, penacho de
eda. y espejos para mi persona. Tuveque ac. p-
tar el convite que me hicieron de sentarme en
Cta. con alguna repugnancia, y estando todolis-
Io procedid to Procesion decade la Play & Ia
Iglesi, alegrada con cantos, tiros y music.
IUreado i I. puerta de Ja IglWia nom paramos y
.alkend de mi cueva de florcs y espejos empezi
a RIendicion solemne de Is nueva Iglesia, con-
lurnc al Ritual. Eo conclusion Ic habl de las
Vandes ventajas de tener un temptoCatlico, de
a confianxa que dehian tender en el noevo Pa-
Inwl S. Jon, cuya ettua cra l mi contribution
in nueva Iglesia, y de I gratitude que todos ex-
.perimentibaomos hcia aquellos que mas habian
cooperado en klvantar'el temple Celebratdo
con mocha solemnidad los divine oficioa, ed di
siguiente reresaoes Punts Gorda para salir
I msma noche en n Bue de Vla & la evdts de
MoInky River. Legaios asmneciendo el T07y
ado continue habiendo el P. Piemonte rcunldo
el Pueblo, ms fuimos a otro difcio.oevo, le-
vantado coa el object de ervir de Iglesia y Es-
cads & il par. Preparado lo ncesario procedi-
s i la bendicion, celbrms el S. Sactrifdo
y despue de aasm pocu horns de dseanso cor-
iaC em el mimo Bote ca el P. Piemonte con-
direcduk A Stn. Creok.
EtP. S. Oliet quo estab prevenido de mi
nIeda, al momento quo divI el Bot uequ no
manduoi,'euni i u Cardes y alat todo pa-
n daman gsn ncibimelno. No labia today.
'inf fodeta do l Belandra, cumndo oas dests-
ass el4Pe Pyb Bog to Co cawstrooliM

Ilevando IsCray Is Cidrklesel H. Reynolds;
end 1 fimos I l Play la e~ donde eaba de P.
Silvino tevetido de sus bibtos sagrados, y el
Pueblo con bandcras y orca. Segaimo Iinme-
distamente pars a Iglesia entire. repiques de
Canpanas y Vivs 'del PebMo. Les daBendi-
con conel SS. Sacramento, ydespesade abcr-
cs rendido las grades per las tales demstra-
clones de respeto k Is nuev dignidad de Prefecto
Apo." de quo estaba rrveatido; fulmis descan-
sar spro"ethanddo e Us pcan horns que tenia cl
P. Picmonte. Salib, en efecto. eate i la 8 de re-
gresoa & s Distrito, y en el sigutnte dis empea.
mi vitita Pastoral de costumbre.. Mucho fu6
mi consualo en ver los adelantos dte i Iglesia, de
la ssa y de'la Ecuela. El temple anmiantien
con macho decor y.vearacon, Is cass st con
much deencla, provists de todo Io necessrioi l 4
escuela que client con s4o NiKoa es frecuenta.
da con madch regularidad;, y sostenids por eicte
Maestro que trabsajn enlls ca murecho ndden-
to d lo alumnos. El Domingo s4 de Feb. tu-
vimos por Is tarde unn reunion de lee habitante
de Mac-o-War town que iv en na s oitla dere.
cha del Rio de Stan Cte&k, cone objeto do
concluir uns nuev Cpilla que intentan klevn-
tar en aquo lado. Estando tn extendida Ia po-
blacion y encontrindose may dkticotoo el irca-
da tarde los babitantes de JMan-o-War town i
rear el Rosario on la glesia que est al lado i-
quierdo del Rios decade muco tiempo descabau l
tener.uns Capilla propia. Habiendo 14 Miion
comnscido tlrreo popl ea s lado, y le-
vantandoe yad el armas de lI CaplilU. necesi-
taban como 4o0 Poeas poa scabrla segun el
Plan del Arqvitecto. May uanmadt f56 to re-
unio, todos coninieron m contribu para dichk
C.pilla y e de rpmrar que tan prmmto tengan
rendos los londo so ana iuar d trabajo,
mientras quese ediica en el fnterin la tone par
)I Iglke principal de hl cul luablnsos otrn v.
Finhalados tedok o asurtoa e Stan Crerk, e
5S grera i BdellU nS pta Ie ta pin I 'strs
visited del ditrio dl Osts debta ocupnm _
ioteotmoadeMpaM .. ........






( 88 )

rd Cr

.6Au as JMsc lifted up the serpent in
so a muthe Son of man be lifted
s" 5. *Jo !a. 14-

n .al who ha'e any acquintance with
ma. tryltnustbanwn that through
Wsy4 out the Roman empire the punish-
nt of crucifixion was inflicted on
The instrument of torture was formed
do i ght and transvere beam, to which -
l were nailed live, and then left to perish in
eating agony. While this punishment was
Is ue as the c stomn to bury lhe cross near
S t plce 'of execution.
Agreebly to this usage, the ross upon which
So. Lora Jesus Christ paidthe price of our re-
d e ption, was buried' on or near the summit of
Mount Calvary. Thither then pious people were
', wt to.go.a to 0. place Vndetd sacred by the
slo.k cene fa Ibin td dma ofthe Pssion. To
p.r- pr tSe holy tsi; theieiti..recircumference
. o~it l.b s bad by owner of the Pa.
1a awthoaii .cd'rith a mound of earth,
*so thhevey r ace oft ature was changed.
STi having proved Ieffectual, the emperor
SAdrin, (A.o. iy-t8) caused a paga temple,
..owned with the statue of the impure Vnes, to
.'e. srecta the ms umit,-the very spotdear t
c devt pilgms,-besides statue of other
heitnba divinties, to the end that their visits
Io.' ld be tmkomrsed b evil minds, and odium
'- upon the Cha i risu amerby evil tongue.
Acceesi the iaits had enely casd, and
e. e gepnrd dtions 'nd rellectlions of the
I cred locality completely eced.
-i Weitw ua til Urn s Sut Vcfury tMot AJ.
I ..-, .na be. southc&t ita Au .
i os .ri ae pace hytedretno.
*WY Ouceiegli Mn, e rm ab stored them
actaed ha str lof gu sta.._ The lleutrious
nv a ont an.g w s.Yr*was i ddeaItehsr t

Constantino the Great.. Historians agree the
this distinguished lady was by birth a Briton,
daughterof King Coilus or Cu0l, who hdd hit
sovereignty from Rome. She became the wie
of Comntantius Chlorus while he was hut a Fri-
vate officer under Aretian. This prince was the
first who, under God,* paved the way fur dhe
peace and triumph of His Church
* Amid the fircest and most general pernce-.
tion which had ever been undergone by the pri
mitive Church-the tenth, under Dioclaia
A.D. 3o3-the Almighty who sets bounds to the
fury of the wildest stonn had decreed the over-
throw of the tyrants. Diocletian and his college
Maximian.having rlinguished the imperial pr-
pie were ancceeded by Cunmantius Chlorms and
Galeris whu had hi.Lhvttohld the rank of Casa.
To the former was entrusted the defence of
Gaul, Spain and Great Britain, and, under k:s
merciful administration, the Church in Gaul re-
paired the se re ase she bad sustained. lie
had the consolation of leaving a son worthy
succeeding him.
Constantine now in his 33rd year though sti
a pagan, possessed superior talents, and wisdom
in advtc" of his time; and though be had bc
removed by Diocletian from his father's tuition
at an early age, and had spent his youth i a
heathen court, he had happilyscaped theconts-
gion of its vices. Destined by Providence to be
the protecur of a chosen people, he was educa-
ted, like another Moses, within the palace of a
tyrant, wheo wih a ferocity mere bloody than
that of Pharo, thought to exterminate the belie
and wohip of the one tane God.
Many wer the diiclties which he had to sr-
mount, many the competitors to subdue, ece he
could enter on peaceable possession of the mpe-
rial crlow bt the crisis o his ate was at hand.
UMaats te tyrant of Rome having declared
war, wfhorse sose did not Im'ber
half then of hs advrsary, bethought him of the
Christisa' God, and fervently ivoked His aid
a.d protcerd In this pame uomegea y. Nor
were hi prayers in val. 'Wh ..leading his

' ~---~-----~ --

5 .. --. -.

tops through Ithly, suddenly, little after mid- the twentieth year of his reign abolishei the p .-
dby, a luminous cross appeared In the cloudless nishment of crucifixion throughout his dominions.
sky with the inscription in Greek characters Itwas through hi protection that the fist gene .
*Tirough this sign thou shalt conquer.". This ra council of the Church was convened at Nice
splendid prodigy was sen by his army M well iaB ithynit A.. 325. In this venerable uem .
a himseK and overcame alt with awe ad asto- bly 38 biops together with thelegatesof Pope
ient ** -: Sylvester confiuted and condemue the Arian
Constantine waInspired to make a reprmsentis- heresy, the denial of thedivinity of Chrit. '.
tion of that cross nd to use it as a standard In Havi4g sumptuously entertaied tihse prelates
battle; whereupon he caused to be made the fa- preou eir rto and retm their
m bmer called Labarum with ich he d previous to their separation and return to heir
mn bIanner called abarom with which he led respective homes, he turned his attention to the
hi troops to combat and victory. Rome Joyful- care of those spots hallowed by the visible pre-
ly opened her gates to him as the deliverer o s e oour Lord on earth. He therefore pro.
the empire, and in a manifesto which he pub- pod to'aiWd.magnificent'Church-In Jersa-
ished, addressing the Most High, he uys, "By I : tl city which lid been mo s honoured by
Thy guidance and assistance I have u rtakndertak he instrtions and mirad of the Redeemer
ad accomplished salutary things: every where during the three year term of tis public mi-
carryig before me Thy sign, I have Ld my army niatry. -
to sicory."
I he ear A."D. V2 which ehel t i With this object in view he made a progress
heyar A.n 3s whh beheld the triumph into Palestine accompanied by the-oyal wow .
y Constantine witnessed also the establishment St. Helena, his mother, who, though advanced in
So rthmdnfalln of idolntrywichwtho years at te time of herconversioa, had embrcxd
So th downfall o idoltry, which all the beroic practices of Christian virtue; and
prietou tottered to Its basis and way had striven, during the remainder of her fife, to
'hen left to itns tural weakness. A change iee e fernur and al he ls pst
faou.r of religln so sudden'and unexpected filled retrieve by her ferwur andzeal the km o past
thf hearts of tig Cristio ans with Ine purest years, and by her example to edify the Church
Lthe prt the -Chr ia with he pmsrt joy which her son had laboured to exalt by his .a-
Ir the preent time u rel u with the mot Atter- .
ign hopes for the future, and they gratefully ac- thorty
knowledgeditastheworkoftheMoatHigh. The She ad lon wished to iit the laidsaictied
Chulrh had become homourabo i theeyesofthe by the footsteps o the Son of God, and to ind
then; the standard of th cro was placd in the ntical crao on which le had consummated
he rilht hand of the emperor's tatue; and thvs the redeption of makind. InReed the signal
* ht which had been hitherto an object of scr triumphs of the cros n the accseson of Con.
sd destestuat became the proudest dorism stantine had awakened in the miwds of si Chris.
o the Cusar tias a oIg dormant Interest acncernin the
Comtetiae, having hniift become a Catec- origIa-L.
m, co tied throughout hirgntocontribute The prolct entertaied bySt. Helen was one
to the advancement of Chuistanity b his eAu- fraught with dificilty, nevertheless she andame-
fatimo and eaMqple. He invited a his objects tedly wudrtook to unde the edl wre h by pa-
by an edict io moonire their old operations, ga aibce ao years before. Sh wm assred
and eisnce the true aith which Alighly Gad y y ged penobs whomi de convated dist the
hid maarieaed to d e ttle world In, so signal mb of Christ rwold be noglsed by the die-
Smeme. Out ala re" iou respect to the a des nsrul nt r f.Hw -n.l. / of the death of Christ he, le a with the ar ONmcdoned cisam.

S ( 90 )

I believed by inspiration,-
4W11 for the demolition of the pagan
e po I o; this having been sffec-
* t ieLsep mound of carth.- was removed
Sh Ca -tairy laid harm, Further aex-c
d t hi ed ie tombid .eer it three eros-
rais a tiwo dt .i aw Swli as that of
IV thes- wee also. found the nails
whiCh .d pi'd thr sacred hands and feet of
SLm;Jd e tle which h ad bee.n placed
rho v. head.
Abtis lst wa lying apart by itself, Ihe.dii-
lly rmwined of identifying the true roes of
Cbrt but a livey faith i etile in expedients.
M the saintly bishop f Jerusalem. ug.
x ,d atha e three crosse should be applied
ac siey tothe I1 ody of a noble, lady. long
siaded with a incrable disease and then bti
Tivedto. e at the point death. This wadone,
and He acr besought to work circle in favour
ofdecldin tlepint. Twoof theb csse were ap
pried wibo effect, bet m sooner had the third
touched her, than she moe perfectly heated.
Soome says that t was appliedalso to a crpee,
ad that the deceOad Mrurned to lif, which
enteante S. Pauilu confllnn.
The. devout Empress tnraported with grati.
tde sad joy at having fod the treasure so
earnestly sought, and s highly esteened, would
I the whole Chhistia world rejoice with het.
The wood of the -crs she divided into there
paras the main part he enclosed in a richly
dM ched ne O silver, and committed it to the
carf St. Macari to be keptatJeruslemand
deliedt b poverty k as object of veneration
Adother pan she forwarded to her son the En.
pe-r then 0 ConRtintinople, which was deposai.
-teda InetreLasym ole Imperial piac She
ed was thee bearr o e third prtwhich
a st aep lor'Rmsa, d w M" q nin
the re 4oi whic makedte
of s psielis treasure.
Shea Wcoelerad the dal, of reat ing
S Cha"r Oaths ey the igd dcoy,

but a her death occurred towards the end f (th
ame year, shortly after her rtlurn to Rome. i
devolved on Constantine hr son to.carry out her
pious intentions. Begun in the year A.D. 36.
this Church was finished and dedicated A.D. 33,
and was called the Basilica of the Holy Crse,,
because, after its completion, the pcious elic
which had been temporrilt kept in the ChurAh
of Jerusalem. was deposited in it. and plaod on
der the care of a venerable priest. It was pnh
lidy shwn to the people during the sea n a(
Lent. and on Good Friday.
The Chircb at Jttsalem was malo call d tke
Church of the Holy Sepulchre, or of the ReMa.
r. action, though this was pnplrry only the title
the holy chapel in it. which stood over the cavi-i
or tomb. in whk ih nr faviur. was hbrkd,. whim b
was in the garden adjoining Mount Cavalry: ma
that this great Church ivered the sepukhre. nd
was extended so far, as also to include the rdk
Golgotha. and the site of the cruciftion. Thi-
firt Basilica stood 388 years, until itadrsructim
by the Persiana in the fourth year of Heraciu.
Emaror of C iatantimple. A.D. 614.
The discovery of the Crme by St. Helena hap-
pened in the. month of May, A.D. 3a6, in the
twenty-irst year of Constantine's reign, thethir-
teenth of the poutilcae otSt. Sylvater, and the
rat after the Nicene Coancl. The happy even
was celebrated in May from the time that the
cros was triumphantly placed by her in Jursa-
lem Util the year A. 335, when the dedication
of the Basilica of the Holy Cnom and the solean
ttransfe of the holy reic to that Chuch toot
Space o thie furteentl of September.
Tenceforwrd be d Greeks and Latins k-Pt
the feat m that day; bt a a the recovery ofthe
prcios btrunent fom the hands of the iAl-
dels h die reroi of HeraciM was aferwards
gnratelly coamemorated mon e d thee dy, t
celebration of Its creation or discover was re-
oted n thd Lat Churcl to the 3ld May
erdnM eselgsaeMh ty.. .
... .. M.T.W.

( o9 )



L Angemfu son6 en Ia Catdnral, pausa-
do, tranquilo, sereno, como la oracion
de un alma pura que eleva so vopor
cncima del trifago y el bullicio de Is
cudads. Huho una pausa: una de ema pausas
qur hacen latir, sin saber por qud, todo coraaon
quc an e' muerto; y cuantas campanas hay
en X* dejeron ccapar lu6gn, de upente, an
itpique general, acle, alegre, espont(neo.
quc esparc6 par el sire una vrdladera casca-
da de mess vibrantes, s.onra, arnnoniows,
ao. si el jibilo de los angeles bajase i rwegociat
is 'rr: vcrdaderos grimes udlice de slegria,
iq currian de torr, como las chispas de un-in-
cemdio en an calaveral seco, y me derramaban
tugo p-r c! sire, para entrar en todos lo hoga-
rm y dperartar cn to,!os oa corazones, el ecodec
aqel'as santas palsbraa: Toft jmplcA a MartI,
f mtM wly*iImdills *on catl in k..*.
I'rque era aquella noche la vlaper de la In-
mauulada, y era aquel r. piqe el preludio que
sunmdcha tan solemn fiesta. La gente discur-
ria a haniddad por las calls, ilumniadas todas
mn ea profusion y huen gustoquc saben des;
pkrarlos andaluc. sen menejantes ocasiones: os.
tcntaban las cases lujoas culaduras. en que s
eains, deale el ar: fico tapi hasta ls mnudeat
p rcaina, decade el rico lamasco hasta la humil-
de coaid de algidon labrado. Las iendas
de conmesi, sobre tudo, adornaban see fa-
add aon rks te!as y grande corniu y fron-
Ioue formadoa por millares de luces de gas, que
amreabea I vista al ocilar en li puntas de lo
mechera y esparcian sobre s movible mucche-
da mae na cdla-dad pidviay vivniM, quahada
a mIa deam a t nicbhia en la bIea caaHe
Pedimei, y *a mud ro4j y mias trits0 la ces
de ts candle quo alumbrabsa lo poetocilloa
de efaiel, turned arUsna y garbaseas, que
JuaS all i la Is eru popotlaes shdsulaas.

Tumbien a cans de D. Ien&io se hallsba ador-
nsad conaI seIers clegancia quo ltan conmpieo
peronaje corresponmli.. Calgadras d doammao "
carniia cubdrin todo los balcones y ventanas,
y tres Irgs hileras de lces, enceradiesn hom-
bs de cristal que tenian I form de turiane,
guanecian los tre pion d In henoss caMs. En
medio levantihse .ergukia Ia bonders consular
de tIrm colors y cinco fanas, aomada at belcon
del centroe,comn an pregonero encargado de re-
cordar a los ranainmtes is invimlabilided ylvi- -
midad del vice-consul de Nicaragua.
Hallthiie te embutido en so pohronas ;I ca-
lor de ua estufa, rodeado, coom siempre,-de so
maer y sus hijo, quae pMgum so reunion en'
torno syo pir Is nuches pare hbccr placentc-
ra la elada. Lormezo repssmba ent6ncs ccor-
reo doe a padre.. qa solia Ikgrw i M6 sull hora,
y kml despues en oz alla el peri6ddc favoriteode
&wae. que ra La ESpsi Achbda hl lecture- r-
aban todos cl rosario, meinc Loreazo, que Me-
gui leyentdo'otra pcriddic&s, b pennamedc in-
mbvil y taciturno en l fondo de m bMtace.
Sancho lHeglaa del casino, i iltimw hirs, y.le-
grabs In teirtlia con su allhroaulsd enver ncioi.
sus ocurrencias de niirc, y sus vicntiras sctupen-
das. D. enitko. que tienia vnradura dibilidad
par su yeno, Ie vcia entrar si"mpre Igauon, y
doln Tulas I: nirabs siempre anm relo, pnr to-
carle a ella las mis de la voices servir de blane
a los clhistes y burlss del yerno. Disiimulab sin
embhrgo la bucna w iorl, treque de distrat
y divertir al pobre enfermo, y eperaba en silen-
cio Is hora de Is ven nsa, coal h fruicton ver.
dadcramente amolgica de au Mbedea, no mean-
te, san sMegra. .
No.necceitab sin embargo. D. BIkito aquella
noche de )- yern, pars tebasur cn. satisfaccion
y conteato que bi vanidad halagada despiert
siempre e lassalmnas pequar, y rarn ves en Iaw
randes, i la.manera que el fueo prende m-s
tdclmrte ea las.choimaque eml paecio...
D. D eo habia tenido carta del minitr carta
dd'EacelertC Sr. D. Pedr Laes. primer
Manauie de Camp-AgaMtl,..


( 92 )

' "bai Uic Excetleciar ndiMiinito nam aho: pc zapatcro del portal, Ii cl Lopec banrtrn le
L.g lc daucsp las prbximnas cleccinnes de In esaqina, Ii el L-pcz Inmzo del caf6 pr6ximn;
odip 'c1s revclidole, n el seno de la misa nt;- sino el Lopez ministry de la Corona, cl In e
dip' tadfia cl nombre del candidate ministe- fundaldor de la dinastin de los Campo-Agarra.
i"* anf nf iriuIo contabn dt Gahincle con
ria. plara cy triunfo tb e Ga.incle con I)oiia Tula no cabia an at de gazo, al ver i n.
.I poderous csin (fras e del ministro), en to- Itenito 'an tnimatlo y satisfy ho, y iste, pai.cid
ciMnda i f Y luigo, entire los s~ntinicentos de se bar, scntinmiento de gratitud, que sta al
do ld distritoin t unida ,entronue lo ea kniecit, liso~ jeado al carro dcel lisaijcro, y es el fi it que
tdc w W* dlirtitiyiclo comi.Salcion que It ofrecia,
SIur n"j io*e de mdnafeo rneio, que Ce la artcra adlulacion dirig sus golpes. COmcnr,
lical, i acapta', concKluia so Excelcncia, fir- sin irdida de tiempo, I trazar, coan n artcy una
oml ne lcoU usTll.a que cmquis.b por com- mestria, que revelahan moy A las clara sw
ino C coazon del vice-consul de Nicaragu, mucha experie.cia y discreion en filgazas ele
, o i seca.. Lo mismo q hubieran toraln-. Carta, visits, anotaciones, nle.ns,
he.hoColon 6 Pizarro, Alba bCortis, Rikhlieu amcnazas, recompenses, promesax, y cuat-S
ardcide puelen cniplearse pars ca-ar un vr.lo,
b Tarem... acudian con facilidad estupenia I mea nintc d I).
La dcbilitada caheza de D. henito no pudo Renito, al nombre de cadan elector qtn 1.ort!zu
reistir cl fuerte aruma de los halags minimteria- inscribia en una list; y desde el ifndo dte su
les: echdbc k Ilorr de gratitud. de satisfaccion y poltrona tocaha ct uln cgundo todos los r.esr-
de content; y is vanidad. el peril viento de Is tes electrales del distrito, i Ia manera que alil
vanidad, barrio eun un segundo del inimo de en otro tienipo maiejaha Felipe II, des.!e oil rin-
squel semicadiver, que ientis ya quebrarse el con dl Escurial. tlu destmlas del orhe eter...
sire entire so cervz y In guadaia de la muerte, A las diez entrb Sancho: las seiotran termiua-
todos Ca*n amargos sentimientos de despecho y hba ent6wces cl rosario, y D. B-nito. que. al.r-
de impotecia, que agravan Is cru del enfenno. to eln %us planes electoralea, habia t jado. te re-
porque ahuyentan de so corazon isa anta y dulce lzarl aqt lla noche, soupendia ell sqicuel nelt -
pa ctcia; todias ess negras idea que embargan to su tarea n, dpcien dio s n ail *fecho:
en is ociosidad su knimo abatido, como an mar
de inquietud que se desborda y crece y shoga, y -Maflana continusrinon... El triuafu es -c-
colis pustrarli i l dias enters, cabizbajo, inmn6 guro: cuestion de quince dias...
vil, mudo, con los ojos espantadoc y fijos, como La conversation cs hizo entbnccs general, y D.
is pessae sobre so conciencia un peso que no Benito, alegre y aninado come nuias, dirigia
uurs sacudir, y splastara su corazon, como la la palabra i su yerno, con la risuefa cars del
Ica infernal las espaldas de Slsifo... D. Benito agent electoral, que. e dispone i cxplotar ui ri-
olvid6 lt enfermedad, la eternidad y la muerte, co filon de votos. Poscia Sancho grande pro-
pars sentir tan a61o en todta su fatus puerilidad, piedades, contaba con numerous cu!onus, y po-
me primer movimicnto del vanidos hlaigado, dia influir pot Io tanto en el knimo de muche
qua e ieva I bmcar on piblico que admire so eclctores. D. Benito comenz6 i preparer el ter-
trno: keyb is carts itdola Tula, A sua hbjos, y reno, ponderando Ias grande dotes del ilusatf
i todoe cuantos en squel dia le visitronl; y p.r- Campo-Agarra, con esa interesada generoidad
que un reto de raon alumbrabs todavia aquella con que concedemos tods las perfecciones hu-
cabet desqiciada por Ia congestion, no expos6 manas i la persona que nos alab 6 hoars, como
tpdblico a honr'o an cart, pendiente de is medio de realar el elogio que de noatros hace:
lbalera do Nicaragua, con una notita ilsrativ, porque a en alto grado exacta eats ober acion
SqM Cohetas que squc Lopes *o a d Lo. que en algpns part hemos iido.-Si X lue

( 93 ).

-e-, cl clogio to, valdria to por to. Mnsal LIorenzo tomb el pcri6dico con una media son-
npsnr nosotros i X- too, el elogio crece y es ris. de coldescen(lcncia, y ky6 em l gacclilla.
mahiplica: es to por too- lono. IHean aegocio.-En el iltimo choque de trcncs
Tambien lus matcmiSicnt ticncn si aplicacion ocurrido dias pasados rn San Francisco de Cali-
i las flnquicas humans, y cast formulita d la fornia, cs digno de referirsiccl siguientc episodio
clave de nichas reputaciunes formades prr esi curirm. Cierto Mr. Starblittlc, moy conocido
rcompadrazgos literarios y politicos, que pudieran en Boston pir sus onmtinual rcyLrtas con su sue-
miy hicn liamarse Sociedade de eloyiot m t ue. gra, acompaiaba ista en an vagon de primers
qe no p y clase del tron descendente. Al chocar ambos
Mas Sanchio, que no parciaa mani dispiacto A trctsc,
.inJdar las miras political de msu suegro, se limi- tre lasuegra qucaplastads;y Mr. Starbottle
p it cltnesar desdeliosamet: ileso. Apenas repuwato (lel usto i honorable
Starbottic, ha demandado i la empress de ferru-
-;El Marqui4 de Campo-Agarra!... iValiente carriles, pidiendo imnlennizacion por In muelte
pcjc!... Dcbian de haccrlo tambien Code dde lee au suegra. Los tribunaki han oturgado su
d. Nada-Sucita... demand, condenando a la Enmpers a pagar cin-
Don Bcnito parecib no entendr la maliciadel co mil duros, por via de indemniuacion, al afor-
Pnaco lltulo cons que Sancho queria hunrar i su tunado yerino. El negacio ha sido redondo, y
ilus'r amigo, y afadib gravcmcnte, con el tune segun The JMoniMg-.Iat, que da la noticia, se
Jlognitiic de sus mcjores tiempos. notes desde cntbnces en la lnes del Norte, gran
-iE. una gran cabeza!... Le veo llamado i movimiento de yernus, quesnean i viajar saus
fllndar un nucvo partido conservadour, que tdbh- sucgras."
t.I sos'e.cer en concncicia tudoG lis hombre de ALn no hahis terminado de leer IAwrezo, y ya
irden... No te parec, Sancho?... estaba Sancho delantc de doeis Tul, ofrcciAnd.-
S: I q el brazo, cam aquella gracia natural que ik era
-N-o. ofelnr;-replic6 este: lo que k mi me ppi, dicidl.>le con viva. instncias:
parrce as, que lo mismo mucrde el perro que la .
pcrra; y qua cotservadores nuevus y viejas., u-
si, izquierdistas, dinticy no dinisticos, gase V., mamita: que sc cscaps el tren y pierio
,q d dinaticayodnalca, io m lurns...
btos son parientes... Esos nomhres son nonbres cico mil durs...
de pila: el apellido es uno solo... IIadlrt y no Don Ilenito sc remi i carcajiadla y dofla Taula,
de Guevera. repudriCndose por dentru, decia mimnsamente:
Y. comu si quisiese conjurar la indigiacion de -i Vamos, noseaschinschom, Sanchol... QIa
Mu suegro, Sancho cogi6 un peri6dicu, y se paso ya Is c6rte no pg( hbufones...
i tr ln ecl acto. D. Benito hizo un guiin i --iV6ngase V.. mamital-proseguia Sanch,
L.treIzo, que e paraha i cuntestar inecomoJado, en tono suplicante; que papi Henito nos dar una
y Ie dijo pur lu biru: cartita pa Nicaragua, y nos reclbirih ali toctadn
-iD6jalo!... ya cazart yo. Le tcngo segur. un tanguito... Vamos, mamit al. j Aunque no
Quizi pensabh el taimado viejo en lI fmnoM me den mn queu cico mil rale k me quedo cos-
micjora del tercio y quinto, quc en aquellos mis- tetol...
"mo dias habia preocupado tambien i Sancho. -A -1 Que me deja p" 1
poC, comens6 nte reir decompasadamente, --Vamos, mamitat-L mnque ea de balde...
dindose palmedas en el muslo. Con tal que el trend descatile, kae con V. e
-Toms, hombre, toms1--dio, dando el pe- viajel...
ri6dico a Lornzo. Lee eo to padre, qu es DA Benito me rein tan de corason, que su risa
graciosol... a i sw convusa ; y vitcdole duia Tils tan


( 94 )

s-id' quillO" roi gar I. e~sea par su part. pasar ante sus ojos, sin darse cents de clkn. L
devrci,, qu" coan gra .ivcza, v aceptando criados que entraban y salian, los medicos quc
Lv nt anc'o dijo alegrcenlte: .l-gahan presursos, los. amigos que acndian nw.
l brasO de o citos... Una sonbra negra entr6 tamhien prr.
", Pue, vllsms all', )yrn' no !.. qu t-i tren pitadamente e In alcoha, y volhi i salir i poci:
dcsrrils, qili le toqu i t mi loc cinc mil ra l Cura Proco, D. Filix SarPesa.
dr, ti te t"que aplastare'...
Lra 's cn7vul' de Don Ilenito se Ircde re- D.lhna Tula Io rcconociu, y ldi clnther ulit
nI .n t,, Con" si al~o se Ic hulhiei toradl serial le vida: le castafictear.,. 1,.. lictts...
Lnl o Ic nmirn iiquieto, vyi quIe s acmiratalh Se rotimnura.
SrudtrO y se iiyectahan en sangre ius oj)s.
--ICallh --Tritd i Sman.ho,. que slhorotahn p>,r
ia sli, arrstrando ii so suegra camno de Cali- Blessed John Fisher.
Todie callron sI 1, unto: todos acudicron az- 1 S i N Stturnly, May 4th is kept by EIqg.
rados Jdcante D. Benito, cchaba stri ai ca-- lish Catholics the feast of IIIesl Johl
bca, buscando un apoyo: du6i Tula quist des- Fisher, Blessed Tholn) s, More awl 5
scharle el cuello de la camisa; min el viejo la others who from A.D a. 15i. to .. 1.3
rhaz IAjo de si can vigor inconccuible... Hu. were put to death in England f'o. the prfclu,'u
be entnces on segunde deangustia, de supreme of the Catholic Fai.h and for the Prinmacy ,.( the
angotia, en que salia de aquellos labios ividus Rnman S-<. Foremost amnl.,,st these for ,a,k
an hervidero horrible. una especie de bramido and inflatce ws s Cardinal Juhu Fisler. nBisop
sunto, que hacis pensar en el alma riproha que of Rochestr.
lcduha brazo partido, y s agarrs en vano al des- John Fisher was born in 1459, at Beverlcy. aiil
mnmonado cuerpo, pot no caer en manos de Dios studied wh n young with a priest of that colle-
*io, que le Illama juicio, per nocaer en el hondo giate church. Arterwards he spent many years
abimo de lo teriquc reclama su pres... Ce6 at Cambridge with distinction, and was male
an moment el cstertor, y aquella angustia infi. Bishop of Rochester in i504, being forty-five
nits etallb al fin en dos palabras, que parecierun years of age. Becoming confessor to the Coui,-
lir i fuers, saltar en el aire hLehas pedas... tess of Richmond, mother of Henry VII, he di-
-IRen...zI...!... rected her in many haritahle works am notably
in founding Christ-church and St. John's College.
Torcib lugo los ojos : el bramido se dehilitt, Cambridge. The latter he completed himself,
caumo d aliento de us rstro qued6 inm6vil y e- and bequeathed toit his unequalled library. The
pantado, coal una macarilla vaciada en l molde houk, which earned for Henmy VIII from the
dd terror... Pope the title of Defender of the Faith, was writ-
Beata y in hermans comrnm fuera de Ia s- ten by his advice, if not indeed by his handl. le
tancia dando gritos: Loreno y Sancho coiern ws considred the most learned, pious, and in-
d cadmer y lo entraron en Ialcoba... Alt esta. flexible of the English Bishop, and Canrdinal
ha Is cama descubiena ya, caliente y mullida, Pole regarded him as the moel of a pe.fct prc-
peraendo i addoeftol... late. The time, however, came when his virtue
and adherece to the faith were imputed to him
Doa TTub quedd olvidada de todos en el ga- as crime*. The King, tired of his wife, and il
baiste, dcavad en el asieto en que habits caido, love with Anne Boleyn, affected to have scrples
a hberida de n rayo, lalada, meat, vieodo about his marriage. Woley, from political me-

( 95 )

tivei, wished a divorce, and knew that if Fisher.
could be gained over, little opposition need be
feared fio the clergy. But the holy Bishop,
ring sent for, at once advised his Majesty with
all. speed to lay aside those thoughts: "and for
say peril," he added, "that may happen to your
mul thereby, let the guilt rest on mine." When
afler long delay, the cause of divorce was before
the Papal Legates' Court, as Queen Catherine's
rhief defender "there stood lorth John Fisher,
the light not only of England, but of Christen-
don. to demonstrate that their marriage could
not he dissolvd by any power, Divineor human.
He declared that for this opinion he was ready to
lay down his life. adding that as John the Rap-
tio, in olden times, regarded death glorious in a
caus of matrimony, and it was not so holy then as
it has now become by the shedding of Christ's
Blood, he could not encourage himself more. or
lace any peril with greater confidence than by
taking the Baptist for his own example He
was equally outspoken in warning Parliament
against thoe who sought wt the good but the
meda of the Church. in attacking the monaste-
ries; and when the King claimed the supremacy
ef the Church, his firm and eloquent assertion of
Peter's prerogative averted for the time thetame
submission of convocation.

At last Henry determined to use violent mea-
uire to silence the holy Bishop.



When called before Cranmer and other com- they all quickly left him. A corTepondence was
minsioner, the Archbishop spoke to him of the carried on for some time in the Tower between
facility with which every ime had taken theoath More and Fisher. by means of his errant, to the
except himself, of the offence the King had taken geat comfort of them both; unfortunately a
at his refusal, and intimated that his Majesty had letter was intercepted and all future itercoure
desired the oath to he once more tendered to him, prevented. In November the Parliament voted
in presence of the commissioner assembled. that the imprisonment of the Bishop and others,
Alter leading it. the holy prelate requested that for refusal of the oath, was lawful the same
time might be allowed him for consideration. Parament enacted that the Supremacy of the
After ive days had expired he presented himself Church of England was vested i the King of
before the commissioner, and stated that he had Engtlad, hs heir and swecesso.
"peased-the oath with as good deliberations
he could; but as they had framed it, he rould At this time te good Bhop, enerable for
sot with amy wety to his conmiece snbscbe his ae ad virte, was trAated with th greatest

"" .. ..

thereto. except altered in some particulars,
whereby his own conscience might be the better
satisfied, the King pleased, and his actions rather
justified and warranted by law."

To this they all answered, "that the King
would not in anywise permit that the oath should
admit any exceptions, or alteration* whatever;"
and, continued the Archbishop of Canterbury,
"You must answer directly, whether you will, or
you will not subscribe." Then said the Bishop
df Rochester, If you will needs have me. an-
swer directly, my answer is, that, furasmuch as
my own conscience cannot, be satisfied, I absolu-
tely refuse the oath" Upon this he was imme-
diately committed to the Tower, where e he su-
fared many privations. During his imprisonment
the King sent to him, at different times, several
bishops and others to persuade him to take the
oath uf succLssion. Once, after the Bishop had
suffered them to argue the case fr a considerable
time, he replied. My very good friends, and
some of you my old acquaintance. I know you
wish me no hurt, but a great deal of good; and
I do believe, that upon the terms you speak of.
I might have the King's favour as much as ever.
Wherefore, if you can answer me to one question,
I will perform all your desires," What's that,
my lordr? said one and all. "It is," said the
Bishop. "What will it gain a man to win the
whole world, and to lose his own soul?" This
unexpected question so disconcerted them, that


( 96 )

ie had not even a sulficiency of food less, and upon the brink of ruin, yet that he ws,
indinit' d he was almost without clothes. nevertheless, highly esteemed by the King. that
About this time Paul III who had been in- his Majesty desired him to give his opinion fnly
bo f all that had passed, created John and without reserve upon the lawfulness of h
in I MaH o 135, Cardinal, with the title taking upon himslfthe Supremacy oftheChurnh.
F viaer.oS t'is Holiness thought that such a and promised upon his royal word that. should
,St.blc rk of his esteem might induce the the Bishop declare it unlawful, he would itant.
Pgis tOorego his sanguinary proceeings against ly relinquish the power which he had assumed;
the ly prelate. but he little knew the ruthless and, to prove his sincerity, that he would appoint
t of lHenry, who learning that the Ildy the Bishop to be his Vicar-General, ihoulk he ih
ather had sent forward the Cardinal's hat, im- aluwcd the title he sought for. The goo.l His-
nediatelr despatched a messenger to Calais toC hop believing these assurances and considering
p th bearer until his Majesty's pleasure should himself obliged to give a distinct answer to the
e known. The King also sent his Secretary case of conscience, at once declared. "As t, th:
oJmwen to inquire of him what he would do, business of Supremacy, I must needs tell his LM-a
it bCardinal's hat should he bestowed upon esty. as I have often told him heretofore, and
hi. To which the Bishop replied, "Sir, I would so tell him i I were to die this present
know myelf to be so far unworthy of any such hour, that it is utterly unlawful." This answer
digity, that I think of nothing lens; but i any was enough for the King's purpose; a commis-
such thingshould happen, assureyourself Ishould sion was drawn out, aind a billof indictment pre-
improve that favour to thebest advantage I could ferried against the bishop, and presented on the
in siting the holy Catholic Church of Christ, t Ith of June to the Commissioners at Westmin-
and in that respect would receive it upon my ter HalL
lukn" The sick l nr .t:.. .. .w..* r-r l h.

Cromwell soon reported this answer to his ro-
yal master, who exclaimed in anger, "Well: le
the Pope send him a hat when he will, he shall
wear it on his shoulders, for I will leave him ne-
ver a bead to act it on."
' The Bishop of Rochester had hen imprisoned
for upwards o twelve months, during which time
he had been treated with the greatest severity,
sad had freqently been in want of food and ral.
meant. The most insidious qutions had been
put to him, but nothing had escaped him which
could be construed into a treasoable expres-
nmos eve by a acrleh of the n in....., l

wasremoved from the Tower on the 17th ofJuie.
although not without difficulty, and prLmnted be-
fore the Commissioners at the Court of King's
Bench, Westminster; on his route he was encom-
passed by a large party of guards, and the Tower
axe was borne before him with the edge turnel
from him. Upon his appearance in the Court,
he was onrred, by the name ofJohn FMhfr, late
of Rochester, otherwise called Juhn Fisher, Bis-
hop of Rochester, to hold up his hand. The in-
dictment was then read, to which he pleaded not

whih had lately been enacted. The ni how Mr. Rich was the sole witness brought against
eer, was determine upon is death. him, and he deposed, in the presence of a jury,
as to the converation which hid taken place mn
Mr. Richad Rich, the Soli'itor-General,there. 4he Tower between himself and the Bishop. This
ke visited the Bishop, who wal then labomuing evidence utr*y rpried thbe me ble prPo-
nder a severe t of "llneM ; and with the utmost nr, sd shereapon he recounted tohe Court
s n h .atetd, that althoh his lwht had pasedbetwei -them in the prison.
r p aWpped at the time forloran d Mrd. i Bthmes word "He (Rich) told me tat the

( 97 )

King willed him to assure me on his honour and
on the word of a King that whatever I should say
b, him by this secret messenger, I should abide
no danger, no peril for it, neither that any advan-
tage should be taken against me for the same;
no, though my words were never so directly
against the statute; seeing it was but a declaration
4f my mind secretly to him, as to his own person ;
aml for the messenger himself, he gave me his
faithful promise that he would never utter my
words to any man living, but to the King alone...
lethinks it is very hard justice to hear the mes-
senger's accusation, and to allow the same as a
sullcient testimony against me in case of treason."
To this the messenger made no direct answer.
Hut neither any pleadings nor the want of suffi-
cient testimony moved the judges, and by their
influence a verdict of guilty was soon recorded,
and the Lord Chancellor asked the Bishop if he
had any more to say for hinmslf. The persecuted
Bishop replied, "Truly, my lord, if that which
I have before spoken be not sufficient, I have no
more to say, but only to desire Almighty God to
forgive them that have thus condemned me, for
I think they know not what they have done.'
The Lord Chancellor th:n pronounced sentence
as in cases of high treason, and the holy Bishop
once more asked leave to speak, which being
granted, he used nearly the following words,
"My lords, I am here condemned before you of
high treason for denial of the King's supremacy
over the Church of England, but by what order of
justice I leave to God, Who is the searcher both
of the King his Majesty's conscience and yours;
nevertheess, being found guilty, as it is termed,
I am and must be contented with all that God
shall send, to whose will I wholly refer and sub-
nit myself. And now to tell you more plainly
my mind, touching this matter of the King's su-
premacy, I think indeed, and always have thought,
and do now asty affirm, that his Grace cannot
Justly claim any such supremacy over the Church
Of God, as he now taketh'upon him; neither has
it ever en, bee, heard of, that any temporal
prince, before his days, hapresumed tothatdig-

nity; wherefore, if the King will now adventure
himself in proceeding in this strange and unwon-
ted case, so no doubt but he shall deeply incur
the grievous displeasure of the Almighty, to the
great damage of his own soul, and of many
others, and to the utter ruin of this real com-
mitted to his charge, whereof will ensue some
sharp punishment at His hands; wherefore, I
pray God hisGrace may rememberhim selfingood
time, and hearken to good counsel for the preser-
vation of himself and his realm, and the quietness
of all Christendom."
At the conclusion of this discourse he was re-
conducted to the Tower in the same manner as
he had been brought from it, only that now the
edge of the axe was turned towards him. The
interval of four days which intervened between
his trial and execution he devoted solely to prayer
and inner preparation for his last passage. The
following account of his death and execution is
taken from an old narrative:
Thus, while this blessed Bishop lay daily ex-
pecting the hour of his death, the King, who no
less desired his death than himself looked for it,
caused at last a writ of execution to be made, and
brought to Sir Edmond Walsingham, Lieutenant
of the Tower. But where by his judgement at
Westminster he was condemned, as ye have heard
before, to drawing, hanging, and quartering, as
traitors always use to be, yet was he spared from
that cruel execution, wherefore order was taken
that he should be led no further than Tower Hill,
and there to have his head struck off. Afterthe
Lieutenant had received this bloody writ, he
commanded certain persons, whose service was
to be used in that business, to be ready against the
next day in the morning; and because it was very
late in the night, and the prisoner asleep, he was
loath to disease him of his rest for that time; and
so in the morning (June st, 1535), before five of
the dock, he came to him in his chamber in the
Bell Tower. Finding him yet asleep in his bed,
he awated him, showing him that he was come
to him on a message from the King, and after



( 98 )

ing that he should remember hims. If t be an n furred tippet to put about my neck." "0 my
old man, and that for age could not, by course lord," said the Lieutenant, what need. ym he
,i nature, live long; he told him at last that he so careful of your health for thislittletime. himn.
.as come to signify unto him that the. King's as yourself knoweth, not much above an howr
pleasure was he should suffer death that forenomn. "I think no otherwi*," Mid th- blessed Fathn.
"Well," uoth this blessed Father, "if this "but yet, in the meantime. I will keep mmy-lfa
he your errand, you bring me no great news, for well as I can till the very time of my exeitiom:
Shave long time look d for this message. I most for I t-1 you truth, though I have, I thank ,i.
humbly thank his Majesty that it pleaseth him to Lord, a very good desire, aml a willing mind. I,
rid me from tll this worldly business, and I thank die at this present, anm so trust to His infinite.
youalso for your tidings. But .pray you, Mr. mercy and goodness lie will continue it: yet will
Lieutenant," said he, "when is my hor that I I not willingly hinJer my health, in the mnsn-
must go hence?" "Your hour," said the Lieu- time, one minut- of an hour, Imt still prolnig the
telant, ",must .he nine of the clock." "And same as long as I can by.such reasonable ways
what hour it it now?" said he. "It is now about and means as Almighty God hath provirt fCr
r lve," said the Lieutenant. "WVell then," said me." With that, taking a little book in his hand.
he. "let me; by your patience, sleep an hour or whi h was a N%,.w Testament lying by hin,, he
two, for I have slept ve) little this night; and made a cross on his forehead, and went out o(
yet, to tell you the truth, not for any fear of death, his prison door with the Lieutenant, being so
I thank God, but hy reason of my great infirmity weak that he was scarce able to go down staim.
and weakness." "The King's further pleasure Wherefore, at the foot of the stairs, he was taken
i," said the Lieutenant, "that you should use up in a chair between two of the Lieutenants
as little speech as may he, especially anything men, kand carried to the Tower gate. with a gre.a
touching his Majesty, whereby the people should number of weapons about him, to be deliverel
have any cause to think of him or his proceedings to the Sheriffs of Lonjon for excution. And as
otherwise than welL" "For that," said he, "you they wereecome to the uttermost precinct of the
-shall see me order myself-as, by God's grace, liberty of the Towe, they rested there wi;h him
neither the King, nor any one else, shall have a space, till such time as one was sent to
occasion to mislike of my words." know in what readiness the Sheriffs were to re-
With which answer the Lieutenant departed ceive him; during which space be rose out of his
from hin, and so the prisoner, falling gain to chair, and standing on his feet, leaning his shi tl-
rest, slept soundly two hours and more. And der to the wall, and lifting his eyes towards
after he was awaked, he called to his manto help heaven, opened his little book in his hand, and
him up; but first of all he commanded him to said,. "O Load, this is the tst time that ever I
take away the shirt of hair he always wore, and shUll open this book, let some comfortable place
to lay him forth a clea white shirt and all his now chance unto me, whereby I, Thy poor scr-
best apparel, saying "Dot thou not mark that vant, may glorify Thee in this my last hour:"
this is our marriage day, and that it behoveth as, and with that, looking ito the book, the first
therefore, to us e oe cleanliness for solemnity thing that came to his sight were thoe words:
the marriage sake" About hie of the cock the "Now this i eternal life; that they may know
U enant fsae ag to hi prisoner, and (id- Thee, the only tre God, and Jeus Christ, whom
ig him almost ready, said thathewasome now Thou hst sent. I have glorified Thee on the
r hm. "I will wat pon you straight sid earth; I have hmished the work which Thou
he, "asfast a this th body of sie wi give gavt Me to do. And now glorify Thou Me,
m .ve;" tmhe sad be to his man, Reach me 0 Father, with Thylf, with the glory which I

( 99 )

had, before the world was, with Thee."
And with that he shut the book together, and
said, " even learning enough for me to
Ity lifc's end." .And so, the Sheriffs being ready
for him, he was taken up again among certain of
the Sher;ifs' men, with a new and much greater
oanpany of weapons than was before, and car-
ricl to the saffold on the Tower Hill, otherwise
calldl East Smithfield, himself praying all the
was, anJ recdiring upJo the words which he be-
f chad read: and when he was come to the foot
of the scaffold, they that carried him offered to
help him up the stairs. But then said he, "Nay,
masters, seeng I am comane so far, let me alone,
and you shall see me shift for myself well enough;"
and so went up the stairs without any help, so
lively that it was a marvel to them that knew he-
fwr of his debility and weakness; but as he was
m.inting up the stairs, the south-cast sun shined
vry bright in his face, whereupon he said to him-
slf these words, lifting up his hands:
"Comeye to Him, and be enlightened: and
your faces shall not be confounded." t
fly that time he was upon the scaffold, it was
about ten of the clock, when the executioner,
heing ready todo hisoffice, kneeled down to him,
as the fashion is, and asked him forgiveness. "I
forgive thee," said he, "with all my heart, and I
trust thou shalt see me overcome this storm
Then was his gown and tippet taken from him,
and he stood in his doublet and hose, in sight of
al the people, whereof was no small number as-
sahbled to see his execution. There was to be
seen a long, lean, and slender body, having on it
little other substance besides skin and bones, in-
tomuch as mot part of the beholders marvelled
much to see living man so far consumed, for he
seemed a very image of death. When theinno-
Oct and holy man was come upon the scaffold,
he spike to the people tothe following effect :-
"Christian people, hither to die for
Sfait Chriit',holy Cathol Ch muah, and I
Johna xvti. t Psalm xxxiii.6.

thank God hitherto my stomach hath served very
well thereunto, so that yet I have not feared
death; wherefore I desire you all to help and
assist with your prayers, that at the very point
and instant of death's stroke, I may stand stead-
fast, without fainting in any one point of the
Catholic faith, free from any fear. And I beseech
Almighty God, of llis infinite goodness, to
save the King and this realm, and that it may
pkase Him to hold Ilis hand over it, and send
the King good counsel." These or the like
words he spake with such a cheerful countenance,
such a stout amn constant courage, and such a re-
verend gravity, that he appeared to all men not
only void of fear, but also glad nfdeath. Besides
this, he uttered his words so distinctly, and with
so loud and clear a voice, that the people were
astonished threat, and noted it for a miraculous
thing to hear so plain and audible a voice come
from so weak and sickly an old body. Then af-
ter these few words by him uttered, he kneeled
down.upon both his knees, and saki certain pra-
yers, among which one was the hymn of Te Desm
hand amis, to the end: "In Thee, O Lord, have
I hoped." Then came the executioner, add bound.
a handkerchief about his eyes; and so this holy
Father, lifting up his hands and heart towards
heaven, said a few prayers, which were not long,
but fervent and devout; which being ended, he
laid his head down on the middle of a little block,
when the executioner, being ready with a sharp
and heavy axe, cut asunder his slender neck at
one blow, which bled so abundantly that many
wondered to see so much blood issue out of so
slender and lean a body.
The headless corpse was immediately stripped
naked by the executioner, and left exposed upon
the scaffold until eight o'clock in the evening,
when it was carried by two of the men who had
guarded it into Barking churchyard, and thrown
without ceremony into a grave which they had
dug with their halberts; and on the following
day his bead. being Rist parboiled, was mixed
upon a pole and set up upon London Bridge,
where it remained fourteen days, and was then


( 100 )

thrown into the river to make room for the brad but it k not so easy to get it recognized by the
of Sir Thomas More: It was sad that the Ion- world and by competent authority. Any m.n
ger it remained, the more ruddy and venerable for example, may come out to Madera, and cal
it seemed to gr.w. lli bi dy also was taken up himself a Montmorency or a Howard, and evs
and re-interrcd in the Tow r. enjoy the honor and consideration due t, Wch
name, till the real Montmorencys and H.ward.
h-ear about it and denounce him; and then mdc
Montaembert ot the useo the name "Catholic." a man would be ustly acuunted rom a. ciety, and
would fall down much lower that the kIl: .-
n- from which he had a:timpted to risE The at.
SLESSED JOHN FISHER and his 53 tempt to steal away from us. and appr!pr:ate t..
Companions in martyrdom gavetheir the use of a fraction'of the Church of Englmal.
lives for the profession f theCatholic the glorious title of Catholic, is pro.d to he as
Faith and because they would not uaurpaion by every monument of the pa." and
ckowledge the reigning sovereign of England present. by the eomtaon r a o tf your sovereign.
to he the Head of Christ's Church upon earh. by all the laws that have etanMliaed your church
These.were the only counts prove againstthem even by the answer of your own Universi
in their trials. History indeed has clased them Qxord to th- I. address 'ainst Dr. Po.,etc.
among traitors, but of late years their characters whe, the Church of England is justly called the
have been fully vindicated both by Protestant and Prt,:stant Reformed Church. The name itself
Catholic writers. s serned at wi'h indignation by the greater
Now there are certain members of the Church half, at least, of those who belongs to the Chuar
of England, who claim that they too are Catbo of England, just as the Church of England itself
li Priests and they deny that the Queen of Eng. hi elected with scorn and detestation by *t
land is the Head of their Church. Our eaden greater half of the inhabitants of the United
might think, then, that they are the lineal des. Kingdom. The judgment of the whole Indiff
cendants of Blessed John Fisher and his Com. rent world, the common sense of humanity, agree
panios, and that they hold the same faith a with tha judgment of the Church of Rome. ans
these martyrs. But such is not the case. And with the sense of her millions of children, todi-
we mey see how their peculiar and exceptional poses you of his name. The Church of Eng-
se of the word Catholic is regarded by those land, who has denied her mother, s rightly with-
outside their own body, from a letter of the Cont out a sister. She has chosen to break the bond
de Montalembert. In 1842 the Camden Society of unity and obedience. Let her, therefore. stand
elected this illustrious Frenchman an honorary atone before the Judgement.4eat of God and manL
member of their Association In their letter to Eve the debased Russian Cha-ch,-that cchrc
him, these members of the Church of Eaglad where lay despotism has closed the church's
seem to have spoken of themamlve aCatholics mouth and turned her nto a slave,--disdalm to
fr he sent them the following ndignat o. recgn the Anglicans a Cathel. Even the
knowledgementi- Easter heretics, although o swetly courted by
"To the Rev.. JRo MW ow NAs.n D. D. sey ssionries, oe at thi new and ic-
o -tit Catholicism. C~isten Protestsm
I protect against the most umwastabe sad rationarlits are more cathoic, ia the ,9
Uad bnjustlablt.uasmpti of the me C th. lougese of the word, than the Anglican
Sby people nd thing belonging th tatafor they, at least, ce look peo theselve a
Chh t Bgand. It ise" t tahepa ame belng ing to th m commmalM as those whb

( 101 )

in every country, deny the existence of church But now again many are looking forward to the
Saihority or of revealed religion-they have, at time when the flg-free shall blousom again and
Cast, a negative bond to link them one with when the Jews so often diuppointed in their cx-
another. But that the so-called Anglo-Catholics, posted Messiah will at last own that he has come very name betrays their usurpation and and embrace his teaching. Persecuted as they
their contradiction; whose doctrinal articles, have been of late years in the great empires of
whoe liturgy, whose whole history, are such as Russia, Germany and Austria they have suffered
o disconnect them from all mankind except those in their worldly influence but his persecution
whn are horn English and speak English,-that has been in no sense a religious one and much
they should pretend, on the strength of their pri- of the mutual dislike and mistrust of one another
rate judgment alone, to be what the rest of between Jew and Christian has been laid aside.
mankind deny them to be, will assuredly be rank- Say then during the month for the Conversion of
al among the first follies of the nineteenth cen- the Jews:-
tury. That such an attempt, however, should 0 Jesus, through the most pure Heart f Mary,
ucceedl, is, thank God, not to be expected, un- I offer the prayers, work and sufferings of this
lek it shouki please the Almighty to reverse all day, for all the intentions of Thy Divine Heart.
the laws which has hitherto directed the course I offer them in particular, 0 Heart of Jesus, for
of himan affairs. You may turn aside for three ThtI on m~ne--for the Jews from whom Thou
hundred years to come, as you have done for didt spring, whom Thou didst love for whom
even in dlrng, Tfun dist pray. Cover the-,
three hundred years past, from the fountain of Lnld, to T ue.. Amen.
living waters; but to dig out a small channel of
your own, for your own private insular use,
wherein the living truth will run apart from its En d Mes de Mcyo estin convidadlo lot S6-
orw docile and ever-obedient children,--ha will cos del Apostolado de la Oracion a rear pars
more be granted to you than it has been to is Conversion dclos Judis. Asd com el S Co-
the Arians, the Nestorians, the Donatists, or any ron de Jesus levant en la Cruz su oracion pa-
lther triumphant heresy. I protest, therefore, ra ,s enemigos que acababan de clvarle en la
aiint the usurpation of a sacred name as ini- Cruz, asl hay que esperar que, las oraciones de
quitous; and I next protest the object of this o- tantoa millones, cuantos son los Skcios unidos, a
city. and all suc efforts in the Anglican Church, I6 del S. Corazon logrn por fin Is Conversion de
s nhaurdl.' on pueblo. que desde diezinueve. siglos se bstina

ChronMe of the Sacred Heat.

' HE Intention of the Apostleship of
Prayer for May Is the Conversion of
the Jews. Great hopes were enter-
tained some yer back of their con-
i hon, wb several celebrated Jew as the two
Ratisbon and Hermann Cohen were a it seem-
ed miraculously converted to the Cathl Faith.
Thoem hopes however ave ot been raistued.

en au error, y se resie en reconocerladivinidad
de Jesucristo. La Oracion, por to tasto durante
el Mde de Mayo ser la que sigue.
Oraies tdhman pars es Ie s.
lOh esns mio po mediodelCoraon inma-
culad de dMari Santlisma oa ouasco la oracio-
es, obr.asy trabajo del preseate di, pars repa-
rar las ofensas quee a hacen, par Insd mas
intenciones de veestro Sagrado Coraso.
Os la of&eCO en particular pma con guir de
Vuestra ifinnta misericordia I Conversion de
Vur"tr m 6s neent de Is coal tomasteis hu-
mans cme. por Is cuas tao a us etrehable
amr, y para hi cal roa teis a hIors de s
m perta. iConvertideSeorl Ad s.


( 102 )


Sunlnary of Moteorohlgical Olmervations during the nlmoth of April i, .



O Is

E.S.E. 31
.E. 3
N.E. 4
E. 41


.05 299 J29-.

30.04 3. 29,.96

30.053 .69 29.94



Quality. ;

4 .
C.Str. 2 1.10i
C.Str. 4 1 10-15
(CNSk. 3 '!i.o
C.Str. 3 0.05

C.Str. 4 5 i.4

Explanation for the Sky, C. Cumulus, Sk. Cirrus, S. Stratus, N. Nimbus.
o. quite clear, to. quite covered.

The fall of the Barometer during this month
was very remarkable. On the t4th instant, the
reading was on the 8th instant 30.04, and during
the following days these was a gradual fall till
the isth when the pressure was s9.9o: next day
came a sudden fall to s9-75 and on the 14th
to 29.69.
On the l5th the reading was 2985 and the
i6th showed the usual pressure of 29.95.
The depressing wave then continued 6 days,
Saying from 29.94 to 39.69, and returning tothe
normal figre on the 16th.
A similar change is recorded of the set eek of
last September, a little before the Equinox of
Autumn, and now a few weeks after the Equinox
f Ith spring the same depression s noticed.
Leaking now at the wind, we notice tat the
tame wind S.E. blowing with consderable force

on both occasions, and as in the preceding cse the
Cyclone of Cuba produced such a depression we
suspect with good foundation that another
Cyclone must have been near our Observatory,
whose details have not yet been noticed.
The Temperature was rather high, the mai-
mum of the month being 90o the Min. 71 lnt
the Mean. was between 78 and 84.
The wind was constantly blowing. between
N.E and SE. with very few exception of the
W. or N.W. during the night
The rain way very scarceand of shorturatio.
according to the dry season; however the sky
was cloudy and some kind of foggy attospher
was prevalnt for several days.



Max. Min.



In the



75 71

( 10

St. Charles College, IA E. M 0 R LAN.

Tis, Cllecge, incorporated in 1852, is n ost
fatvrably situated on the Alexandria Ilranch of
Ihe Morgan Louisiana and Texas Railroad,
Itrlve miles from Vermillionville, and affords
Ilw Ilcst advlata.gcs for clam;icnl and conmicrcial
Tsilim*. iard ami washihg .. .. ... $2:o
Eltilrance FIr-fr the lirst ycar .. .... to
Medical Fee.................. to
lkdl anld llkli; .. ....... .. to
Ipr further particular. apply to
Very RKv. W. KENNELY, S. J.,
Ami It Jesult Fanllker, New Orleans and Iclizc.

Colegio de San Carlos,

Matricula (pagadcra una ioln wz) ...$ o
Mlamietencion, lavado (al luo).... .... 250
Mledico .. .. .. .. .. .... .. .. .. o
Cama y rupa de ca.lla .. ...........
I. Se pagfrk por adclantado cada prinmra
mitad del alo.
3. No se hark deduccion slguna por rato* dc
muscncia quc no pas de un mies.
3. Solo le adclantari segun Ia cantidad depo-
sitada. .
El Colegio proporcionark libro, recado
pr ecribwr y dcmis que neceiten los
,lumanM, i costa de lua padres.
Para dem- infonnes me pede acudir & los R R.
Padretde Beliie.

Comerciante en Joyeria, Relo-
jeria, Plateria y en toda da-
se de nstrumentos Musicos
y Opticos.

Ininrbtlair del PIANOS Y ORlGIA-
NOS, |ropi< P ,iu r.. | liaI dte w -
Fulricankttc iumi aucrelitahlow.

haeo l ci rgi d& ttlat clase 1de! r(mras-
ciotune PH1 dielfom ralmne v ydreev nl
ppuilico I!u mnjire( I IAQ.II-
NAS dle cr mr, tales cailnu
Y mpra ias dttailles dirigirnu A



[ 104 ]

Convent of Our Lady of Mercy, Belize.

Select School for young ladies, Boarders and
Beidei whet is comprised in the usual course of a first-class English educa-
tion, French is taught if required. Also elementary Drawing aml the
simpler kinds/of fancy work.
Extras, Music, Piano or Guitar.
boarders, $ 150. oo half a year.
Day-scholars, $ 5. oo a month.
Fer parllers applY t th Revereled Nleter at the Covent.

Convento de Ntra. Sra. de las Mercedes, Belize.

Es cuela seleta para Senoritas, Pensionlstas y Externas.
Adems de lo que se comprende en el curso usual de Educacion InglCaM dei
Ia. dase, se enseia l Francis cuando ae desea, Dibujo elemental y l"O
tranajos mu Isecillos en Obra, de fanteia.
Extrs, Misics, Piano, Guitarra.
Pensionistas, $ 150. oo por smnestre
Externas, $ 5. oo mensuates.
Prs mr psseere, arit. k e ala New eme an rs we r deM Cemeet..

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