Semi-monthly honey report


Material Information

Semi-monthly honey report
Portion of title:
Honey report
Physical Description:
United States -- Bureau of Agricultural Economics
United States -- Agricultural Marketing Service
United States -- Agricultural Marketing Administration
United States -- War Food Administration. -- Office of Distribution
United States -- War Food Administration
United States -- Production Marketing Administration
Place of Publication:


Subjects / Keywords:
Honey -- Statistics -- United States   ( lcsh )
Honey -- Marketing -- United States   ( lcsh )
serial   ( sobekcm )
federal government publication   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Published Oct. 1936-July 1956.
Issuing Body:
Issued by various agencies of the U.S. Dept. of Agriculture.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 11528984
System ID:

Related Items

Preceded by:
Honey (Washington, D.C. : 1917-1936)
Succeeded by:
Honey market news

This item is only available as the following downloads:

Full Text

Agricultural Pjarketing Service
Fruit and Vegetable Divisicn

Telephone REpublic 7 4142,.
Extension 2176.

Washir.gtcn 25, D. C,
MonCday, May 2, 1955.



Hlney fluws in progress during this period in
s-utlerr. States were variable but generally
light. In Florida the white tupelo flow in
northern swamp areas ended with reports of
very light yields. Palmetto and gallberry
were yielding in southern and central areas
with the outcome still uncertain. No flows
of consequence were on in south Georgia with
'., conditions pointing towards a very light crop.
In hississippi cloves were beginning to yield,
but colonies have not yet recovered from the
set back by the freeze of late March and early
April. In Louisiana white Dutch clover was
yielding fairly well in some locations since
the rains in April. In Texas, no flows of
consequence were in progress. with most re-
ports indicating poor prospects except in some
eastern parts of the State where rainfall heas
been heaviest, In California, early reports
indicate the citrus flow has not come up to
expectation because of cloudy rainy weather,
but recent precipitation should improve
--'prospects for nectar flows from dry land
,plants. The outlook for legume flows is un-
'favorable in Oklahoma because of last year's
drought but is favorable in Tennessee and
Kefitucky if colonies can overcome the set -
ba&t by the late spring freeze.
In the more northern States, bees were being
unpacked or manipulated for spring buildup and
checked for winter losses. In the Northeastern
and mid Atlantic area winter losses from
starvation have been much heavier than usual,
particularly in New York, Pennsylvania, and
Marylend, In the most mid-western States very
favorable weather during this period.has kept
many colonies from starving, although
moderate to severe starvation losses have
occurred in a number of apiaries. In the
Intermountaip and Pacific northwestern States
- winter losses are reported as average to above
average, with losses heaviest in certain
sections of Colorado, Utah and Oregon.

F CAL1iONIA _PFOIbES: (Period last hrlf April).
S S.ou- hernCjIjfrija, R. infill at Los Angeles
bottlT.1ll inches; temreretures ranged GO-84
degrees end 48-57 degrees minimum.
Colonies in southern CElifornia are in
norm-lly good condition. Bees actively worked
on oranges during the pLriod except as cold or
reiiny weather prevented. Weather conditions
have been most unfavorable for the orange flow
so far E.nd the final success will depend on
future weather. General extracting of the
Orange crop will begin *:bout May 10. Colonies
hrve a Irrge number of bees and Eanple brood,
-nd sufficient stores of honey and pollen for
the most part. Itny, however, ran short of
stores and were fed sugar. Swarming has been


- over

Reports from beekeepers in most northern
States that depend upon southeastern and
southcentral packages of bees to r Tl&ace
winter losses or to maintain their aniaries
are to effect that the scarcity and aelay in
shipping dates of packages as a result of tht.
adverse spring weather in these areas is a
serious handicap in getting such newly
established colonies ready for major honey
flows. Also, many report that the next fhw
weeks will be a critical period in colony
development between the end of nectar flow
from dandelions, fruit trees and other spring
nectar sources and the start of the main flow
frdm legumes. Food supplies will havm. to bt
maintained to attain maximum strength of
colonies for the main flow ard to keep strong
colonies from starving.
Plant conditions are good to very good and
moisture is generally plentiful frorj the
eastern Great Pl&ins to the Atlantic Coast,
Droughty conditions prevail in the southern
End western portions of the Great Plains and
in parts of Georgia Pnd Florida. Cold,cloud3
weather slowed development of plants in the
Demand for large bulk lots of honey continued
active with the market firm. Supplies re-
maining in producers' hands were very scarce
in northern States and reports indicate
supplies of new crop in southern States have
been moving as rapialy es extracted. Prices
for large bulk lots, pending upon gua-lity
ranged mostly 11-12 3/40 in California; 10-1
few 150 in the Intermoyntain States; and
11-150 few high as 16fl in the Plains East
Central and North Centrfl StLtes. In Soutl-
eastern St&tes new crop prices rangcd mostly
Demand for crude beeswax continued good with
the market firm, Most trading for sizable 1
lots of around 100 lbs. or more was at 51$ i7
cash and 53$ in trade, f.o.b. shipping point.
Smaller lots were moving at prices ranging
42-500. host buyers'were making no
differentiation in price between colors.

below normal. There has been a heavy movement
of bees into orenge areas, meny of which rre
over-crowded. Most honey plants are on the
dry side. Rains during the period came too -
Ite or were inadequate in many instances tr
do much good. Irrigation was prevalent in
arll arees. Wild honey plants hrve made
relatively little growth. White sv-e end
buckwheat in Srn Diego County will be four tc'
six weeks earlier thanr usurl duc to the dry
conditions; In addition to oranges, bees
worked on some sErge, wild"'plfErt1fF tr a-other
nlants during te i SrOi Fa ie
in the avocado .e i1u EILDkI U f ere
getting a nor flow which ha :.mount Ld to ;
a full capped per,
(Continued on ge 4) MAY 2`7 1968

I.F.A.S. Univ. of Florida

Wasaunagtan S5, D. C,

dOU=. &iZ _V JZ9iJU2 J i l F Q S p PIODf g P3ESC iYJZi HERJ These prices mTre agent sales and wuotations as
reported by correspondent beekeepers and hOy handlers. Because of the many UbosandSs of beekeepers ant
handlers in the country these should be considered as rspxesentative prices and not as full and complete
coverage of all transactions for any State or eIesh
..jGBL SALE. QF- Ea-T .EGTEDsj 0PIT 1a._ W CA&S IR _WL P ------

SOU. Extra Light Amber Orange 12 -3/4 del. MICH. Whito,Clover(cs retuned) Wh1i

Extra Light Amber Sage-Buck.
aEtra Light Amber Alfalfa
Extra Light Amber Mixed Flowe
iXtfa Light Amber Eucalyptus
1955 Cro)
Light Amber Lcalyptus (1955
NOR. Light Amber Alfalfa
dASH. Alfalfa.Clover
'QL., "Whitu,Sweetclovewr
Light Asber Mixed Flowers

IDAHO White, Alfalfa-Clover
Extra Light ambLr,Alfalfa-Clovcr
J6L White, Clover
Extra Light Clover
TEEXAS Light Amber (1954) Clover
Dark (1954)Mixed Flowers
:i.x. Various Flowers

11 -11


k4 fob
01i 1# fob
lOd del.

130 "

Whito, C.Lover
WISC. Clover-.Baswood
Amber-Dark Amber Mixed Flowers
MIl. White, Sweetclover
Light Aimber, Mixed Flowere
VT. Clover
TENN. Clover


14$ 4.1J16
15$ "
15 "

60s and drusm, containers aeebanged
Whi tu-Light unber, Orange 12-130 d1.
mostly 130
Amber, Palmetto, Ga1berry, Orange,Manrv
Partridge Pea, Ti-ti 11-11 3 to
fob a de1.

La. Whitc, Clover, drums
fob 60s
S DarkMixed Flowers, drums
110 del.

kI fob
12 1

IOWA White, Clover
TS.. White,Clover,prqduters asking

1 15 "
16 "

aK-- PJ 0 H A M -------------------------------------- *

---i.----- ---------------------------- --aifly;mL&usBn.da3iXBadA
COLis. W sN s1 /.EA31.Q a EE ,
COLO. White, Swootclover 16 2/3
TES6 Clover 18 3/4$ 19,420
CL.d Various Flowers 1
1TEB, White, 8weetelover 1
WISC. ClovezbBaswood 18j -
Amber-Dark Amiber, Mixed Flowers 1Sr0
MLL. Various Flowers 15-200
White A .aiber,Bweetclover(to bakeror)16t) -
VT. Clover 20
MD, Miixed Flowe e 25
fl. Extra White Orange 22 del* in Mdi. 2
White-Light Amber, Orange 17 1/ 21. :
Amber, Various Flowers 14 / 15 1 /43

COR., NWhte Clover
UTL White, Clover
TEXAS Clover
MKL& Various Flowerq
,If. Blended. Mesqute. alfalfa & Cotton
IOWA Wh&te, Clover
EBR. Whites Clovery
ANS, Extra White cllow a Wbito Sweetolover
WISC. Clover a Basewood
MmI, C over & Basarood
IND. Light Amber, mostly Clever

. i

25 2 30
nestlr 250

""' -- -*--.- c*^ oofjntinue -

20-25 8

Modfqv, Hey 2, 1955.

- c -


-onda y, Iay'c, Cis.

SJO..- LL~ WJ QI ~ 0.JW oI-~U oI--._

--: t SOUECE 1 allS-,4- a-," H ILo
DCAfi 2P0- = I-1i3. kAls_-. .. C TAW
ILL. Various Flowers 20 -
VT. Clover 21 2/50 24 305
PA. Various Flowers 25
Light Anber, Clover mixture 26 30
Mx. ed Flowers 5- 25
Clover 81 2595
YIA. White-Light Amber, Orange 6 3140 20 /5 25
Amber, Various Flowers 14 6 3522

----------K------------------------------------ -------------------"

TEAS Clover 6.50 7.10 -
OKIA. Various Flowers 5.70 6. 420
N.M1 Blended Mosquite, Alfalfa and Cotton 5.00 5,60
1EB4. White, Clover 5.45 -
ISC. Clover A Basswoo& 6.20 7.45
MINE. Clover a Basswood 575 -
ILL. White, Clover 5.70 65
PA. Various Flowers 5#
Light Amber, Clover Mixture 6.75 750
FlI. White-Light Amber, Orang 4.88* 5.23 55
Amber Various Flowers 4.15* 4.42 48g

-----------4;------------------------------------------------------ *"
COLO. White, Clover 7
EXAS Clover 6.75 7 .30 -
OKIA. Various Flowers 6.00 6 40
few 6.00
N.MEX. Blended Mosquito, Alfalfa and Cotton 5.25 5.85 -
IOWA Whito, Clover 5.28 30
NEBE. White, Clover 5.75 --
WISC, Clover and Basswood 6.45 5m 76-7,75
mostly 7,75
MINN. Clovor and Basswood 6.45 -
ILL. Whito, Clover 6.40-6.48 -
IT. Clover 6.15 7.25 405
PA. Various Flowers 45
LiAt Amber, Clover Mixture 7.20 405
MD, Ci rus (from Fla.) 6.96 45
VA Clovers art Mixed Flowers 7.68 40
TdN. Clover 384
LA, White-Ldght Amber, Ornge 5.38 5.72 25-30;
Ambe -Various Flowers 4.660 4,90 27

-~CS l4--lSTS -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --- p- --- -- ----- -- -
- it, Clover 21/
TREAS Clover 3.85 4.20
OIA. Various Flowers 3.45 3.75
ER, White, Clover 3.50 -
WISC. Clovers and Basswood 3.75 4.50
PA Li .t Amber, Clover Mixture 4.20 239
I Whito-Light Anbor, Orango 3.06* 0 3,52 180
Ambor, Various flowers 2,72' 3.15 160
-----------------------___-_ -.-------_---------- -- --------------
Per Section
CD. Whito, Clover 39s
MINN. Clover and Basswood, 12 oz. min. 8.40 500
PA. Clover 9.00 5091
MD. MLatd Flowcrp ordinary quality 17-2b5
VA Light, Mized Flowers 8.00 45#
Clovor, 14-oz, 7.50 por

over -

- 3 -

Ws.nington -, D. C.

- 4 -

Washington 25, D. C.

lmonda, May 2, 1955.

- - -UilM-BC.IELos ag fS_0 BPH3 20BPLFSUiB5, =IZ A QMaMW .--

VT. Clover. 24/3-oz. sections 3.00 4,00 250 each

SWhite, Swootlover, 112-oz. jars 3.20 .
SC 67/ lb. jars 4.55 -
VA. Clover, 24lb. jars 1.35
TEMT. Clover, 5-lb. jars 1.50
TLA. Citrus 7.00 per supor
of 10 frames del. M.

a. White, Clover 330

- State ofo1rigin indicate, State whore packd, not n necessarily where produced9 The temn 'Clove include .
most legumes such us White Dutch Clover, Hubam Clover, Yellow and White Sweetclover and such
logums as alfa-lfa and Vetch mixod with other Clovors. F.o.b. shipping point,
Note: F.o.b. as used in foregoing means f.o.b. shipping point. Delivered means delivered to buyers packing
plant or receiving point,


Central CaliforpniA,.- Colony condition varies.
oit -co-lonzes are in good to excellent con,-
dition though soe eare below normal in bees,
brood, and honey stores. Pollen supplies
have been good but honey supplies were running
low in some instances. Colony development is
mostly somewhat later than usual. Swarming
had been light thus far. Many colonies had
been moved to orange groves and some to sage
or other locations. Honey plFnt condition-
varies. Annual and brush pIrnts have suffered
from recent drought conditions but will be
helped by rains which fell during this period.
Bees worked on eucalyptus, locust, willow,
oranges, manzanita, wild lilac, fiddleneck,
mustard, and other plants.
Kozthern Cf aiforn.ia -Colonies continued in
good con diion for the most part. Honey
stores were light in some cases, and some
feeding had been necessary. Swarming has
state in commercial apiaries though it has
bee" retarded by cold rainy weather. Some 'hee-
keepers are making large inoreases, while
others are making little or none. The rains
which fell during the period were beneficial
to wild plants. -They had been suffering be-
cause of the lack of rain end drying winds
during March. During the period bees worked
on annzanite.1 mustard, wild radish, filaree, j
and other wild plants. High manzanita had
only a light bloom,
EIIIM ORTHWEST: (Period last half April)
r ogg.o.-Weather continued abnormally cold
End wet during this period and colonies of
bees and plans a-re developing late. April
has been the wettest on record at Portland.
Bees are being moved into orchards about 3
to 4 weeks later than usual for pollination.
Quite hepvy winter rnd spring losses of bees

are reported. Fich feeding is still being -
done, but wet soggy ground is interfering
with this operation In yards distant from
good roads. Many small holdings of bees are."
starving. Irrige.tion water supplies have e
been improved by the recent precipitation,

Wa.hinagon- Cold, cloudy, reiny weather pre.i
v:iled west of the CascEdes and held bees
fairly inactive. Some feeding has been
necessary. Dandelions were out. The
temperature at Seattle during April was the
coldest on record since 1929. Weather cond i-
tions were similar in the Yakima Valley,
Temperatures ranged mostly from high twentie.
to low fifties. lny hives in fruit orchard
in the Lower Vrll.av for pollination purpose.,
have growers worried because of lack of bee
activity. Colonies were about holding their
own, using up stores about as fast as colleo
from peLces, peers, cherries and dandelions
Some feeding ws necessary in colonies whie,
have not been moved to orchards in later
districts. Apple blossoms in the later -
districts are still at least two weeks amewr
The fairly heE.vy additional snow fall in tbi
mountains coupled with good reins in the
Valleys has assured plenty of irrigation
water this coming summer*
TrgWIUrAIN HEATETS.L (Period April 10-24)
-_olrAo Vether was cold throughout most..
thTs period, with bees able to fly only on
occasional day. Much feeding hr.s been or
be necessary, and heevy losses from st
have occurred in some yards. Natural po0
has been P.vr.alable but bees could secure
little. Dandelions were just starting to
open, whereas a yerr ago they were in full
bloom et -this tine. PeEch trees are norapV
in bloon by May 10 on the western slope, ebu
will be Iater this yeLr as on April 22 he
buds were hardly swollen, Moisture conditi
ed -


Washington ?5, D. C. 5 hIndLy, cr.y 2, 1955.

are normal in the Grind Junction area. Farmers
in the San Luis Velley expect to plow under
much clover due to winter killing. In the
Arkanses River Vr.lley the severe drought con-
tinued and is hurting colony build up. Bee-
keepers are hauling water to many out-yrcds.
Alfalfa he-s nct started to grow. Honey is
well cleaned up in all areas of the Strte, and
the market is in good condition.
Idaa Weather during this period was cool
ind cloudy, with considerable rFin. This has
kept bees from flying and has conserved stores.
Condition of colonies varies from normal to
below normal, and winter losses have not been
heavy, although there are occasional reports
of hevry losses. Most beekeepers were unpack-
ing their bees, but some prefer to lerve them
covered until more settled warm weather
arrives. Indications are thet most packages
of bees will be shipped in than usual, rnda
some beekeepers are going Pfter them with
trucks. PracticElly all of the old crop
honey is cleaned up. Local demand has been
fair. The beeswax market was strengthening
with an improved demand.
Monxta Peckage bees E-re being trucked into
The State from California and those that
winter bees heve been receiving queens during
this period. Bees have wintered very well in
this area, although some are short of stores.
Considerable moisture was received during
this period. Pollen was being gathered by
bees from early willow blossoms.
Utah There was one week of good weather
AVrTl 10 to 16) when bees could be examined.
Weather has been cold and windy since. On
the morning of April 26 a temperature drop
from 50 degrees to 30 degrees occurred in one
hour and was followed by a 2 inch snow
stor.. Bees are still in winter pack.
Neyad_-Weather in western and northern
sections of the State continued to be cold.
Beeyard and inspection work has been held up,
end early flowers such as peach and dandelion
are much behind in blooming. If weather
does not improve soon, heavy bee losses can
be expected.
ICJHWESTfES SeNTES: (Period April 11 -,25)
LogerZ fliq GnApAe V lleyTexas Light honey
flews were in progress from mesquite and
clover. Beekeepers were making plans to move
colonies away from cotton fields to avoid
.poisoning. INorthern beekeepers were moving
'nucs" north. Weather continued dry.

estagd_Saawaf.tT.Txas_- In ar.azs_Countt ,
and surrounding territory weather was generally
warm with abundant rainfall, and the condition
of plants and bees has greatly improved.
Youpon which escaped the harch frost had
limited bloom, which yielded some nectar and
pollen. More recently the bees were gathering
considerable nectar and pollen from willows
and ground flowers so that feeding operations
could be discontinued, and colonies have built
up well. Some were preparing to swarm. In
ASisJw'4.a County the condition of clevers
ipr eved somewhat after recent showers, but
as the period closed they were again suffering
for moisture. The honey flow has been fair in
some locations and a failure, to date, in others

Bad weather and a slow flow have given bees
a real swarming fever. In Bea Couity .'in.'
the Coastal Bend area there has been no
recent rain,, Some apiaries were making a
living:, others not. Truckloads of bees and
cattle were being moved to more favorable
Sp.thw.s. jTexa__- In Erlo County, and
adjacent territory, uany clones of bees.
are near starvation. No honey has been pro-
duced in this area. In GuaAlu ap Co y
dry weather continued a-n rain s Fadly
needed. There was no clover or horsemint in
bloom. Mesquite has some blossoms, but
bees were not working then,
Norteas z In Dal las CYunty a rain of
sligtl y more than 2 Inc es felT at the start
of this period, and while the rainfall is
still below average so far this year, there
is a very good supply of moisture in the
ground. With temperatures going to the
upper 90's on several days, everything is
growing lush. Ground flowers are appearing
in larger numbers every week and bees are
again getting a ood supply of pollen,
which was cut off by the freezes. Brood&
rearing is progressing rapidly and honey
stores are venishing even faster with the
result many colonies are right on the danger
point of starvation. Much feeding was being
done. Bees were gathering a little necter
from black medic, which is the first time
beekeepers in this erea have observed bees
working this plant. The first vetch blossoms
ceane out at the close of the period, and
while the acreage is limited in this black-
land area it is hoped that better than
daily neeAs will be obtained by Ppicries'
located near such fields. Vetch is not a
heavy producer of nectar in this black.heF.vy
soil. -_ Weather wr.s dry, hot, and windy
with dust storms pervciling during this
period. The ground was again becoming dry,
with cracks appearing in the surface in some
areas. Clovers appear very scarce over many
areas of the St.te because the drought last
fell kept plants from coming up. Alfalfa was
making growth where available. Because of
the poor clover stands most reports indicate
the outlook for a surplus honey crop this
coming year is poor. Bees were working
willows ground flowers, walnuts, oeks and
pecans for either pollen or nectar, and
colonies were starting to build up rapidly,
Mex aexi.igo In the yeJill.a YVlly pollen was
coming in front fruit bTooL, wild mustard and
other wild flowers. Colonies of bees in some
yards are -very strong, while 'in others they
are wepk. No moisture was received during
this period.


(Peroid April 11 25)

lo w- Reinfell was fairly heavy over r-ost
of theState during this period and 1
temperatures averaged above normal. Moisture
conditions are good except in localized areas
where the rains missed, and in these areas
the top soil is getting a little dry. The
weather has been favorable for colonies of
bees to recover very well from virtual
starvation. Colony build-up has been raid.

- over -

Washington 25, D. C. 6 ilonday, May 2, 195L.

Shl= WIiloYjpYREPQRE 10L._.g##-jQ....

However, many beekeepers were still feeding
bees and anticipate the need of considerable
feeding between the end of early flows
from fruit trees and dandelions and the start
of clover blossoms. Winter losses have been
minimized by the favorable weather during
this period, but are variable. Losses vary
from very little to 12 percent in some yards
with afew areas reporting heavy losses of from
50 to 80 percent. The delay in getting
package bees will make it difficult to replace
losses or for increasing holdings. Fruit
bloom has about ended in the southern part of
the State but was just attaining full bloom
in the northern part, Very little honey re-
mains in producers' hands. The wax market
continued strong.
Neb.raskA.- A good rain fell at the close of
The period which was needed as the soil was be-
coming very dry. Clovers appear to be in good
condition, although acreage which will be left
to bloom is expected to be scarce in some
localities. Colonies of bees have been build-
ing up rapidly, with several good days on
fruit and danXelion bloom. However, consider-
able feeding has been in progress in some
sections. Also many colonies are still in a
weakened condition* where honey stores were
short. Winter losses were generally light
where bees were wintered outside. Cellar-
wintered bees suffered a higher loss, due to
a shortage of stores and the extreme weather
conditions which prevailed a few weeks ago.
Some package bees have been installed under
favorable weather conditions, except for a few
windy days which caused considerable drifting.
Beekeepers have been having difficulty in se-
curing packages on scheduled shipping dates
because of the late larch freeze in southern
areas that set the bees and bloom back.
Kans s.- A week of above normal teL-peratures
following a rain noved plant growth into a
profusion of bloom. Plum, cherry, pear. apple,
redbud and many othur plants bloomed within
the week, dandelions included. However, soil
conditions are becoming dry and moisture will
be needed with the next month. Colonies have
expanded rapidly in broodrearing because of the
favorable temperatures and available food.
In many cases feeding will be necessary during
May because of low stores, a shortage of
flowers, and the relatively dry soil conditions
Sweetclover plants are making good progress.
Alfalfa is nearly ready for the let cutting,
Missau~. A little rain fell during this period,
bu no enough to relieve the drouth, Colonies
have been building up rapidly. More colonies
were rented for apple pollination than ever
before attributed o the use of new stronger
insecticides which have killed natural
pollinating insects, Rental fees for colonies
ranged from $2,50 to $5.00 per colony.
Period Apr. T2 29
Mi a shJL.n-Spring weF.ther conditions so far
hae been the best in a number of years for
colony build-up and establishing package bees
with the season about 10 days advanced, Soft
fruit trees,such as sweet cherries, were be-
ginning to bloom in southern and central areas


with sour cherries and early Epplbs about
ready to open. Some bees have been moved
into orchards for pollination. Willow was
opening on the Upper Peninsula. Bees in
some areas were about making a living, in
others feeding was necessary. Winter losses
are reported from light to heavy, and very
he&vy. In yards where losses were heavy,
remaining colonies are weak. Most blame
the variable losses to whether plenty of
feed was left last fall or to trusing to a
fall flow to fill hives. There is eamle
moisture at the present time and plant con-
ditions are good. However, in the Thudb
Section white clover plants Pre not appear-.
ing, attributed to the fact that they
pro ably burned out in last summer's drouth.,:
ract ically no honey remains in producers'- .
hands. Handlers of package bees report a
normal demapd, but a delay in receipts be.
cause of the adverse weather in southern '
package producing areas. Good rrins fell during this
period and moisture and clover conditions
are excellent. Bees came through the winter
in variable condition. Where stores were
ample, apparently losses were light, but in
many instances stores were inadequate and
heavy losses from starvation occurred. Re-
ports from a number of sections indicate
losses of 30 to 50 percent. Orders for
package bees have been heavier than usual
to replace losses, end also for increases
because of the favorEble condition of legumb
plants. Bees were working on soft mea.ple,
elm willows End other trees mostly for
pollen. Fruit trees and danAelions will
soon be in bloom. There has been consider-
able inquiry for bees for pollination
purposes in fruit orchards and in cranberry
ogs. Weather conditions were favor-
able during this period for bees to gather
pollen and for the spring build-up of
colonies. Windy weather interferred to some
extent a few days. Moisture conditions are
fairly good and the condition of clovers is
good. Sweetclover is scarce in some
localities, but on the other hand white '
Dutch clover is plentiful, Winter losses .
ere variable, ier-vy losses from starvation
occurred in both commercial and non-
commercial apliries in some sections of the
Strte. On the other hbnd, where stores were
adequate bees came through the winter with
very light losses.
Oo.,-. Above normal temperatures prevailed,
Conditions were about normal with respect to
moisture and clover plants Bees were lU
variable condition. Considerable starxtlion
has occurred in some yards, while in others
where stores were enple bees scene throui
the winter with light losses Considerible
feeding hars been done and will be necessary
before clovers bloom, Colony build-tup' s
been excellent in centrErl and southern areas
of the State with a few reports of swariang
fever, but slow in the northeastern seacton,
Fruit Ed dandelion trees were in full 'bloom
in central and southern areas and about"
ready to bloom in northern area. Supplies
of honey remaining in producers hands ire
very small.

Washington 25, D. C. 7 'ondty, t.y 2, 1955.

SEghbQ.NT.HL_ Y__HygThtPERI N.O7. 9
m fYJI^YA 1 3[. ZOVLJ(lXff..--- _-9-

Indi.ap, Moisture conditions much Pcjnsyl vnia_- Hcney plants are in
imnprcfveL. All ports of the Strte have about excellent condiiticn0 Wet weather has slowed
a normal supply of soil moisture, and ground bee activity. When weather permitted, a gord
water levels are generally up to normal or honey flow occurred from fruit blossoms,
rbove. Some of the rivers, notrbly the Ohio, dr.ndelicon, cress, elder, maple rnd willow.
hrve reached the highest crests in seven Winter losses have been heavy in many yards.
years. MPny beekeepers rre experiencing
difficulty in getting into their outyards with
trucks because of the soft ground caused by EAST CENTAL _AND _NORH C CE -STATES:
excessive and continuous reins. Orchard (Period Apr, 13 27)
,ollination hrs been hindered by the soft

ground in the orchards. Honey plants in
general look very promising cithough clover
stands are irregular in soLe Ereas. In such
arcF.s some stands are good but others failed
End ere being plowed under. Drndelion bloom
was heE.vy end hars rided materially in
supplying the deficiency of stores thrt
existed in many areas. Colonies with an
emple supply of stores cre edvr.ncing too
rr.pidly rnd in some cases are now at swarming
strength. Honey stocks in beekeepers' h-nds
are low. Demand was light with prices steady.
Illinois R.ins and ware weather have been
eTpTuT or all honey plants. Pastures are
as Tar advanced as the middle of May and
orchards have bloomed 10 days earlier than
usual. Winter losses of colonies of bees have
been variable ranging from light in some yards
to heavy in others. Some beekeepers report
losses as high e.s 50 percent. The feeding of
pollen supplement has been heavier than for
several yeers. Dandelions were out in full
bloom and yielded well. Considerable feeding
will be required for many colonies between
the end of the dandelion and fruit bloom cnd
the start of the clover flow, Honey has been
fairly well cleaned up over the State, Buyers
were actively in search of odd lots.
NOREItHEAST N_STATES:. (Period Apr. 13-Apr, 27)
Ney York:_-Winter losses are variable, but are
abovee average. Reports from the Hudson Valley,
central and western New York indicate losses
of 33 to 50 percent in many yards. In c few
instances whole rpiaries hEve starved, n Yn
of the surviving colonies are week. In yards
where ample stores were left with the bees
losses, however, were not excessive. Much
more feeding has been done than usual this
spring. In Jefferson County, bees wintered in
some cellars averaged 6 percent loss. A
number of flowers were in bloom during this
period, but bees were barely holding their own.
Flowers in bloom included red maple, early
garden flowers, crocus, bloodroot, peach,
cherry flowering quince, crp.b apple, pear,
marigold, and dA-ndelion. Apple trees were
not yet in bloom, but are expected to bloom
shortly after Vy 1. Demrnd for honey was
moderEte at steady prices. host beekeepers S
are sold out,
V3erjp.p Wea.ther during this period was
cold and rainy most of the time, with only
occasional day suitable for flying. As a
result bees are not gathering much nectar so
that sone feeding has hEad to be done. Clovers
appear to be in good condition. Sales of
honey continued fair to good, with soue bee-
keepers sold out. Only a few of the larger
beekeepers have cmy honey for stle.

KMarylj-nd Wet weather during this period
prevenTed bees from gathering much nectar from
fruit bloom. There was r. short period of
warn weather during the apple bloc, which
peeked during this period, so that pcllinr.tin
should be good. Broodrearing has been slowed
down by the wet weather, but sone strong
colonies heve reached swarming strength. Bees
in the Blue Ridge Section were working
domestic shrubs, wild cherry, dandelions,
End chickweed in addition to fruit bloco. In
the vicinity of Washingtcn. D. C., there will
be few flowers for bees to work on until the
main flew begins from tulip poplar acid locust,
Locust is net expected to bloom heavily,
however. because of the very hervy bloco last
year. Yustard was still in bloom tend black
gun will bloom soon, but they will not provide
bees with a living. bisture and plant con-
ditions ire generally good. The water table
is still. low in western Maryland. Most bee.
keepers are sold out of 1954 crop honey.
Virgjiij- In London Counity colonies of bees
Save built up well even though many were short
on stores. Weather much of the time has been
unfavorable rnd crny colonies Earestill short
on reserve stores. Bees were teken out of
apple orchards on april 22.
Kentucky In northern areas the first part
oftEis period wes ideal fcr honey and pollen
gathering. Dandelions provided a splendid
source of honey and pollen. The last few
d.ys of the period were coal and rainy, end
quite windy. There has been an excess of
2.21 inches precipitation so far this season,
making prospects excellent for a honey crop,
Sweetclover and white Dutch clover are
abundant. Bees hrve nct yet reached swarming
Tesase4 We thet was wet and cold much of
This period. White Dutch clover and crimson
clover started to bloom, and bees were
working then when it vws not raining. These
plants Ere in pood condition and give promise
of c. gcod flow, if whether conditions will
ermit bee flights. Prectice.lly no old crop
honey remains in producers' hands,
)THEELSTERN STATES: (Period Apr, 12 26)
Georgia -Beekeeping conditions are still
criticTl in this Stnte. Most colonies are not
unking Fny honey and considera-.ble feeding hrs
been necessary throughout the Strte. It is
still questionable if south Georgia will make
any honey, due to of flowers even to the
extent of me-king pollen. Weather conditions
are still dry in some parts of South Georgia,
with fairly good recent rrins in north Georgia.
Prospects fcr honey flows in north Georgia

- over -

Washington 25, D. C. 8 monday, May 2, 1955.

.Sg,ajpj~~I~Y HO~YEPISY REP0I~M~ -

ELrgig .= (Continued) cre still costly a
question mark. A few prckrge bees and- queens
have been shipped north, but the cold spell
in late March and early April has set these
operations back.
Florida -In the Teana Bay area gellberry has
Been yielding fairly well, although no large
gains have been made so far. Palmetto flow
started about Arril 20, with moisture very
deficient. In Polk County many hives swarmed
in the orange flow and more are swarming in
the early stages o the scrub palmetto.
However, the prospects for a palmoctto honey
flow are very good, if rain will hold off.
In Lake County bees were just starting to work
on pgllberry. In the Apalachicola Section
white tupelo started blooming April 14 and
only about one-half of a normal crop has been
produced. Ti-ti and nixud flowers in north
Florida produced only about 20 percent of a
normal crop. Practically all ti-ti and early
cized flower honey has been gathered and sold. The weather at the close of
Harch was worst in history as affecting bee-
keeping. All blooms were killed and trees
were a sorry sight for weeks. Moisture is
now ample. Rains in soce areas were as much
as 13 inches in 24 hours causing floods. Bees
dii net build up norr-.lly Eand northern bee-
keepers are becoming alarmed because of delays
in getting their package bees. Many orders

are being declined by shippers because of a
shortage of bees. Poor conditions last fall,
due to drought prevented bees from brooding
up, so even if there were fair clusters at
beginning of winter the majority were old
bees thut. died off kast in the spring. Stores
of both honey and pollen become depleted early
in many yurds and beekeepers who were not
alert lost heavily in colonies from starvation.,
Trucks from the north are roasing the South
in search of bees. Orders are heavy for both
bees and queens. Scoe who had queen orders
backed for use in "divides", changed their
orders to package bees with queens because
their colonies did not build up as usual.
Crimson and white Dutch clovers and other
nectar bearing legumes are just now coming
into good bloom, after having been killed
back. Considerable honey is being stored by
colonies having ny bees to speck of but most
colonies are still below ncrrml in strength
for this date.
Loujisjana Conditions have greatly improved
fr a honey crcp, with a good flow in progress
during this period from white Dutch clover.
Scale colonies at Batun Rouge were melcing
daily gains of 3 to 6 pounds. At the close of
the period the ground was beginning to dry
out after hee.vy rains at the beginning of he
period. Package- and queen-shippers report a
good demand, especially for queens. Only a
moderate amount of package bees are being

UDRY Q~F 125.A4 HQoYJ PRICE SUPF ORPEf.TJOS -By Commodity Stabilization Service,Sugar Division
iE.geT, Price, in Commodity ProgrcEms Branch -5-3-55.

: Loani Ede_ : Outstandin
S No. 6 Pounds : Pounds

labama 1 6,120 6,120
izona 13 250,654 -
elifornia 1 105,600 -
Qolorado 1 13,560 -
Florida 6 139,150 -
orgia 15 161,656 -
rho 1 132,440 -
owa 6 87,731 -
ouisiana 4 12 762 992
Iinnesota 1 19 ,500 -
-ebraskc -
ew Nexico 3 22,055 -
Oklahoma 1 19,250
South Carolina 1 25,410. 9,680
south Dekotv 4 70,345 -
fez.s 12 87,010
shington 3 97,625
coming 1 41,800

Loa-s -A-Purchases 15
'.;: Loons ; .Purcha~ses

,g : AgrAe.rnenta -
No : pounds
---- JT ^ I-

Estimated Deliveries


1 625,000



motels s ns of
1953 FrogrFm
1962 Progrcmn

See Period



7 755,250
27 1,022,468
134 5,035,797


HONEY DIVERSION PAYMENTS PROGkh /.L (1954 Marketing Season)
Quantities on Approved Lpplicrtions, in Pounds, through April 30 93,531
1 Furnished by Specialty Crops Branch, fruit end Vegetable Division, AMS. Includes modifications
of previous operations. continued -



Monday, M.y 2, 1955.

SEMI-C111THLY _O1ffi.YE FPCRT VLL. Xi No_.._ 9

( include recei ts during prMeceing two weeks, lesss tEerwise shown prices rep-
resent sales or current quotations by brokers, loccl bottlers, or othe-r receivers to whole-
salers end large retailers for small containers, end to bFkers confectioners, or other
large users for 60-lb. containers or larger containers. Market condition cciner.ts represent
the opinion of the end are for the last half of April. All quotations are extracted
unless otherwise shown. 60-lb. cons are on a pound basis and smclTer units of extracted and
other types of honey ere on per case basis unless otherwise shown. Beeswax prices are per

BOSTON: rriv ils 28,bOO lbs. domestic,
OCTfrings light. De.ierid dull to fair, market
ebout stee.dy.
White Clover
6 5-lb. jars 6,40
1% 2-lb. jprs 6.25
24, 1-lb. 3ars 6.00-6,70
12, 1-lb. Jrs 3,38
12, 1-lb. servers 4.90
24, 12-oz. 5.60
24, 8-oz. j rs 3.80-3.95
36, 4-oz. Jars 3.60
CREANED, 12, 12-oz, cups 2,83
.HICJ.GO: 172,800 lbs. domestic,
DeZr.rEnd good, ncrk..t steady.
60-lb. tins, bIIDWESTEEfI, per lb.
White Clover, one lot .18- 189
Light biuber ,18& 191
some ,172
in granulated form 10 less
White Clover
Cartons, 12, 5-lb. tins 13.70
12, 1-lb. jars 3.25
24, l-lb,(self-survice) jars 6,45
24, 12-oz 5 25
24, 8-oz.(self-service) jers 3 95
36. 4-oz. 3.18
C1aivED 12, 12-oz, 2,75
DIENVER: Supplies very light. Doma.nd moderate,
merket steady.
Sweetclover, COLOPI0LO
12, 2E-oz. jars 5,35-5.55
12, 20-oz. Jars 4 75-5.00
12, 0-oz. j rs 2.40-2,60
24, P-oz. j3rrs 4.35-4,60
24, 16-oz. jaLrs 6.65-7,00
12, 32-oz. jars 6.45-6,75
12, 5-lb. tins 12,00-12.85
6 5-lb. glass 6.90-7.10
COFhiED, '2, 12-oz. cups 7.10-7,25
12, 12-oz. glass 3.00-3,25
;EjROIT: Arrivals '1,8M0 lbs, domestic,
Deirrnd fair, market about steady.
Mixed Flowers, mostly White Clover
6 5-lb. 6.00-6,40
1l, 2-lb. 5,65
24, 1-lb. 5,50-5.75
24, 8-oz. 3,15-3.25
iLtjSS._CITY: Arrivils non,. Supplies very
scarce. Too few sales to establish market,
PIITTBURaB rivalss by truck 12,390 lbs.
domestic. Decmpnd slow, mErket steady.
White Clover and Light Amber
24, 1-lb. jrrs 6.70
24, 8-oz. Jers 3.95
24 1-lb. server mugs 4.90
CRH*EED, 24, 1-lb. Jfrs 6.70

LCS 1.JCGELES: i-rket steady.
"Trices 79 retailers -
White or better) OrEnge,Sage,Clover
6 5-lb. tin or 6.00-6.60
1U 32-oz, jars 6.35-6.80
12, 24-oz. Qars 5.20
12, 16-oz. E;rs 3.35-3.55
12, 12-oz. Ears 2.61-2.85
24, 8-oz. jsrs 3.80-4.04
Light amber, Blended Ilavors
12, 2-lb. tins 5.20
24, 1-lb. jrs 5.40
Light h-tab.r, Mixed Flowers
6, 5-lb. tins 5.00-5.25
Extr- Light aiber, .falfa
12, 5-lb. tins 10.20
Extr[ Light .nber, Blended Fle.vors
12, 32-oz. jars 5.60
12, 16-oz. 2.95
24 8-oz. je s 3.45
White(or better assorted Urrnge, Sage,
24 8-oz. j*rs 4.12-4.14
White(or better) Buckwheet, Orange,
Clover, Sage
12, 8-oz. Jrrs 2.04
White, Ornge-Clovcr
12, 1-1b; glass servers 4.50-4.75
CHI.ijED White (or better)Orrngpe,Clover
12, 12-oz, cups ;',75-2.93
24, 12-oz. cups 5.85
CHUNK, C0-iB pack,White,Sage,Clover
12, 16-oz, jars 5,15
12, 8-oz. jrs 2.90
COMB White,Clover
12, 12-oz. sections 4.80
Honey & Butter Plain and Cinnamon
12, 6,-oz. cups 3.15
Jellied Honey Clover and Orange
12, 10-oz. jcrs 2.85
BEESW.LX: Arrivals by truck 4,700 lbs.
domestic. Supplies very light.' Demand good,
mErkct slightly weeker. Purchases by local
receivers delivered Los iAngeles -
cash mostly .50
trade .52
IIILnLELPFHL.: Arrivals 3,300 lbs. domestic.
SUpp lies very light. Market dull but steady.
UILTE.i.L-, Light Clover
60-lb. tins .17
Domestic,Blended Sweet- and White Clover
24, 1-lb. ;ars 6.70
24, 8-oz. ;ars 3.95
12, 1-lb. ars 3.38
36 4-oz. nrs 3.60
CELiED, 12, 12-oz. jars 2.83


- 9 -

Washington 25, D. C,.

Washington 25, D. C. 10 fonday, lay 2, 1955.


.L-.W YOEK_ CITY: nrrivrls by bort 220 drs,Cuba;
405 Trs,. Nxico; 23 drs. '.-oninican Republic;
160 drs. Guatemela; 15 cs. Italy. Supplies
light. Demand moderPte, iFmrket firm. Some
dealers have nothing to rffer to outside tradc.
Prices include nominal quotations and some
previous sales.
IMPORTED ex dock Nbw York City,duty paid
CUBA drums .13;- .14
MEXICO, drums .14|
PUERTO RICO tins .14|
GU1TEN-TL., Aruns .14 .15
Brkers Blend, Mixed Flowers .15- .16
Clover *16r- .17,
FLORIfD, Orange, drums 16-
IMPORTS 12 8-oz. jFrs 1.85
12, i-lb. ers 2.95
Domestic, Light amber Mixed Flowors
24, 8-oz. jars 3.35
24, 1-lb. Jars 5.80
12, 1-lb. j-rs 2.90
12, 2-lb. ers 5.60
24, 1-lb. tins 6.20
Domestic, Orange-Clover
24, 8-oz. jErs 3.85-3,95
12, 1-lb. jrrs 3.45
12, 2-lb. ars 6.45-6.60
24, 1-lb tins 6.90
BEESW4.k: Arrivals by boat 482 bags Cuba;
T9T 6'ags Dominicen Republic; 90 pks. & 104
blocks Eritrea; 89 begs Guatera-1 ; 122 bags
I1exicoa 200 Chile; 283 blocks Fr.
Somalilend; 17 brgs Haiti;55 b1s. & 398 bgs.
Yortuguese West Africr. Offerings light.
Wide range prices. Sales r.nd nominal
quotations f.o.b, dock -
kFRICA .60- .64
WEST INDIES Darker .60- .64
SOUTH ilERI& .65- .70

PORTLAND: Arrivals 14,000 lbs. Supplies light
De-crn' good. rErket firm,
Light anrbr, Sweetclover-Alfalfa
12, 5-lb. tins 10.80-11.70
12, 24-oz. jars 4.80- 5.20
12, 2-lb. jErs 5.60- 5.80
24, 12-oz. jars 5.30- 5.50
24, 16-oz. 6.10
24, 8-oz. jars 3.95, 4.00
Bulk 5 gal, cpns Light jinber .16-- .17
Dark .14 .15
CHEL.MED 24, 10-oz. jrrs 4.80
24, 1-lb. J-rs 6.50
COMB, no supplies
BEESWALX: Supplies light. Demand good, market
Dealers paying -(cesh or .47

SAN FRANCISCOs ,.rrivEls none.
Domestic light Inmber (or better) Orange,
Clover, Sage, Thistle, and some blended
Flowers -
24, 8-op. jars 3.05-3.50
24, 12-oz. jars 4.70-5.40
24, 12-oz. j3rs Sage with
cut comb 7.50
12, 8-oz. jars
12, 12-oz. jurs .8
12, 12-oz. jars Sage, with
cut comb 3.00
12 1,lb. jars 2.40-3.04
12, 11lb. jars 3.20-3.53
12 21b. jars 4.75-5.64
12 5-lb. cans 8.45-9.24

SEAT"LE: ArrivEls 79,697 lbs.
to slightly stronger.
Sweetclover, LIfalfa, Lig
12, 5-lb. tins'
12, 2-lb. jars
24, 1-lb. jars
24, 12-oz. Jars
12, 24-oz. jarp
24 B-oz. j:ru
CRENIED 24, 1-lb. cups
24, 14-oz.
24, 12-oz.
24, 19-oz.
24, 6r-oz.

iVe-rket firm
ht in.ber
5.80- 6.40
6.S0U- 6.80

MINNEaTOLIS: nrrivF-ls by truck, 60-lb. cans
T"h nFn. FEite Sweetclover 150; Minn. Light
haber 90. Demand for small containers good,
la-rge containers slow; market steady to firm.
Price to jobbers -
U. S. Fr-ncy Blended honey -
24, 8-oz. jrrs 3.60
12, 1-lb. jers 3.10
12, 2-lb. jrrs 5.85
6, 3-lb. Jprs 4.10
6 5-lb. jErs 5.80
2, 7-lb. tumblers 4,20
12, 1-oz. tumblers 3,75
12 11-oz. glass mugs 3.35
CREAJD 12, 11-oz1 glass mugs 3.55
60-lb. cens, per b.
White Sweetclover
Lieht Amber

CINClhNLTI. r.rrivfls 7,880 lbs.
DeianrT moderate, mErket steady.
12, 5-lb, jars few
24, 1-lb. jars
12, 1-lb. Jars
24, 8-oz. JFtrs


.T,LOUIIS: Market steady,
1-lb. tins COLOR.O T and NORI'HERN
White Clover .17
Light Juber .16
Cases, mostly White Clover
6, 5-lb. 5.70- 6.25
tins 6*15
12, 2-lb. jxrs 6.10- 6.25
24, 1-lb. jars 5.65- 6.70
mostly 6,25- 6.70
Honey Spread, 24, 12-07. jars 5.60
24, B-oz. jrrs 3.40- 3.95
mostly 3.80- 3.95
CREAMED 12, 12-oz. packages 2.83
12, i-lb. packages 3.38
Peletsed May 3, 1955- meb






Agricultural Marketing Service
Washington 25, D. C.


May 2, 1955 meb

Penalty for Private Use to Avoid
Payment of Postage $300

FIRq 7, m

5 u, --

: : ?

".. Ef :. .

Full Text
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