Code of fair competition for the plastering industry


Material Information

Code of fair competition for the plastering industry as submitted on August 2, 1933
Physical Description:
13 p. : ; 23 cm.
United States -- National Recovery Administration
Supt. of Documents
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C
Publication Date:


Subjects / Keywords:
Plastering -- Law and legislation -- United States   ( lcsh )
Industries -- Law and legislation -- United States   ( lcsh )


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Cover title
General Note:
"Registry No.1032-06".

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 608085500
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S1262 08482 9729III
3 1262 08482 9729





REGISTRY No. 1032-06

The Code for the Plastering Industry
in its'.present formjmerely reflects the proposal of the above-mentioned
industry, and none of the provisions contained therein are
to be regarded as having received the approval of
the National Recovery Administration
as applying to this industry

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For e by the Superintendent o Doc cents, Washington, D.C Prce cents
For male by the Superintendent or Documents. Washington, D.C. -------Price 5 cents

Digitized by Ihe Inmernel Archive
in 2011 with funding from
University ol Florida, George A. Smathers Libraries with support Irom LYRASIS and the Sloan Foundalion


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The Plastering Industry, owing to drastic curtailment of demand
for its products, resulting from the effects of the national economic
emergency, has been forced to curtail operations to a lower rate than
has ever before prevailed in the history of the industry. This cur-
tailment, together with extremely low prices, has resulted not only in
substantial financial losses to practically all members of the industry
but also widespread unemployment and reduction in earnings of
Recognizing the existence of a grave economic emergency this
industry is desirous of undertaking cooperative action under ade-
quate government sanction and supervision, designed to eliminate
unfair competitive practices, to reduce and relieve unemployment,
to improve the standards and earnings of labor, to rehabilitate and
stabilize the industry, and otherwise to aid in restoring normal,
economic conditions.
SECTION 1. Definition.-The Plastering Industry is composed of
all individuals, firms, and corporations engaged in the Lathing and
Plastering contracting business employing labor and materials in
such business. From the nature of the business, the necessary utili-
zation of labor both skilled and unskilled, to fabricate, mix and
apply the materials commonly used in the industry, constitutes the
major part of the cost in the work of the industry.
SEC. 2. Association.-The Contracting Plasterers' International
Association is a voluntary association, organized in 1918 with mem-
bers throughout the United States and Canada. Membership is
now and shall be open upon an equitable basis and upon terms of
equality with present members to all persons, partnerships, or cor-
porations engaged in the industry, and any such person, partnership,
or corporation may become a member of the association upon appli-
cation in the manner prescribed by the Constitution and By-Laws
thereof, a true copy of which is hereto attached, marked Exhibit
"A," and made a part hereof.
SECTION 1. Application.-The Contracting Plasterers' Interna-
tional Association has adopted this code as a code of Fair Compe-
tition and applies for the approval thereof under an Act of Congress
entitled, "An Act to Encourage National Industrial Recovery, to
foster fair competition, and to provide for the construction of certain
useful public works, and for other purposes," enacted June 16th,

This code has the unanimous endorsement of the Executive Com-
mittee of the Contracting Plasters' International Association, which
said Committee is the Governing Committee of the Association in
the interim between the Association's Annual Conventions. It has
also the endorsement of the several International Associations of
Labor whose members are in large measure employed in the industry.
SEC. 2. No Restrictions.-The Contracting Plasterers' International
Association has no inequitable restrictions on admission to member-
ship therein, and is truly representative of the said industry. The
Code adopted by it is not designed to promote monopolies or to
eliminate or oppress small enterprises, and will not. operate to dis-
criminate against them, and tends to effectuate the policy of the title
of said Act.
SEC. 3. Purpose.-This Code is adopted for the purpose of in-
creasing employment, establishing fair and adequate wages, affect-
ing necessary reduction of hours, improving standards of labor and
the fundamentals of good work, to make effective standards of fair
competition for such industry for the protection of building owner-
ship, competitors, employees and others, and in furtherance of the
public interest in any transaction in said industry.
SEC. 4. Registration.-The Industry approves of a system of regis-
tration of all members of the industry. Each member of the indus-
try shall register upon a registration form, such registration form
shall be prepared and issued by the National Emergency Committee
of the industry hereinafter referred to. The registrant shall state
upon such registration form: (a) His name and permanent address,
(b) that the registrant is or is not insuring his workmen under the
provisions of the Workmen's Compensation Laws of the State or
States in which he is operating, (c) his agreement to furnish the
Emergency National Commnittee hereinafter referred to, information
and reports as set forth in section 2(a) and section 3 of Article 8 of
this code, as well as such other information and report that may be
required by the administrator of the National Industrial Recovery
Act, (d) such reports shall be made at least quarterly to the Emer-
gency National Committee hereinafter referred to, upon forms sent
to the registrant by said Committee, (e) the pledge of the registrant
to support the provisions of the National Industrial Recovery Act
and the provisions of this Code, (f) it shall be the duty of all mem-
bers of the Industry to make written application for such registration
forms to the Emergency National Committee hereinafter referred
to within 40 days after the approval of this Code by the President.
SECTION 1. Collective Bargaining.-Employees in the industry shall
have the right to organize and bargain collectively through represen-
tatives of' their own choosing and shall be free from interference,
restraint, or coercion of employers of labor or their agents in the
designation of such representatives or in self-organization, or in other
concerted activities for the purpose of collective bargaining or other
mutual aid or protection.
SEc. 2. Freedom of Action.-No employee and no one seeking em-
ployment shall be required as a condition of employment to join any
company union or to refrain from joining a labor organization of his
own choosing.


SECTION 1. Mfaximumn Hours.-The maximum hours for all labor in
the industry shall be eight hours per day or forty hours per week.
SEC. 2. Exceptions.-Maximum hours provided for in Section 1 of
this Article shall not apply to foremen, superintendents, officials, or
others compensated on a fixed weekly, monthly, or yearly salary or
employed to do specific or special work for a fixed compensation.
SEC. 3. Minimum Wage.-Labor employed in the industry is class-
ified under the divisions as stated in this section, which includes all
labor customarily employed in the industry and is as follows:
Plasterers Lathers' Apprentices
Lathers Modelers
Plasterers' Laborers Model Makers
Plasterers' Apprentices Casters
The minimum rate of wages to be paid by all members of the indus-
try shall be: (a) The wage called for in the collective joint arbitration
wage agreement between Associations of Employers in the industry
and Labor organizations and the wage and working-hour provisions
in such agreements are hereby made a part of this code and shall
during the time designated in such agreement be the minimum wage,
and the maximum work-hours for all localities called for therein, and
shall apply to all work done thereunder as a basis for fair competition.
(b) In all other localities not specifically called for under the Collec-
tive Joint Arbitration wage agreements as called for under paragraph
(a) herein, the rate of wages shall be not less than a minimum of-
Per Hour
Plasterers .....--------------------------------------- $1. 00
Lathers ------------------------------------------ 1.00
Plasterers' Laborers----------------------_ .----------- 70
Modelers -------------------------------------------1. 65
Model Makers .------------------------------------- 85
Casters ---------------------------------------------- .75
No person under (16) sixteen years of age shall be employed in any
field or shop work in the Industry.
SEC. 4. Minimum Wage.-No person employing labor in the work
of lathing and plastering shall pay any grade or class of labor so work-
ing a smaller amount per hour than the minimum amount per hour
established under this Code for such grade or Class of labor in the
zone or locality where such work is being done.
SEC. 5. Working Conditions.-The said Emergency National Com-
mittee shall promptly undertake the formulation of such standards
of conditions in the Industry, including maximum hours, minimum
wages, and other conditions applying to Labor and approve such
standards as may be necessary or proper for industry protection and
building ownership welfare. Upon approval by the Emergency Na-
tional Committee the standards formulated by it shall become a part
of this Code and shall become binding upon all persons operating in
the industry in the particular areas for which the same have been
approved for it.
SEC. 6. Arbitration.-To promote the continuity of employment
uninterrupted by strikes and lockouts the industry endorses the prin-
ciple of mediation and arbitration as occasion arises.

SECTION 1. Cost Accounting.-In all transactions of the industry
each member of the industry must take into account all of the ele-
ments that. enter into the cost thereof, including the element of over-
head and profit.
SEC. 2. Members' Costs.-No one engaged in the industry shall con-
tract or sell any of its said products at a price or prices below the cost
thereof to such member. Every member of the industry employing
annually an average of ten or more mechanics or laborers classified
under Article 4, Section 3, of this Code, must set up a cost accounting
system. All others shall use the Summary Estimating Sheet called
for under Section 4a of Article 5 of this Code.
SEC. 3. Sale at Cost.-It is hereby declared to be an unfair method
of competition for any one in this industry to contract or sell any of
said products below its own cost.
SEC. 4. Summary Estimating Sheet.-The Industry recommends
the use by all members of the Industry of uniform summary esti-
mating sheets which shall set forth in detail all of the items called for
in a given job, among such items cognizance shall be taken of over-
head and profit, both of which elements shall be included in any
estimate or bid made.
SEC. 5. The said Emergency National Committee may amend the
cost accounting system as set forth under sections 1, 2, 3, and 4 of
this article, by making such additions, changes, or alterations therein
as the said Committee shall determine is necessary or advisable for
the industry. Upon the approval of any such amendment by the
President in manner as set forth in said act, the same shall become
a part of this Code and binding upon this industry and for all refer-
ence in this Code to a cost accounting system shall thereafter apply
to said cost accounting system as amended.
SECTION 1. The Plastering Industry represents a craft that has
been in universal use for over fifty centuries. Health, comfort, sani-
tation and safety of occupants of countless homes and other structures
are concerned in its proper mix, application, and workmanship. It
is a commodity in which the proper and necessary utilization of
labor represents two thirds of finished cost. Failure to use such
necessary labor to produce mechanically sound work adds greatly
to unemployment. The Contracting Plasterers' International Asso-
ciation, therefore, incorporates in this Code, Plastering Standards
considered necessary for the fundamentals of good work which will
greatly increase employment.
The Industry submits herewith unbiased requirements for the
more generally used types of Lathing and Plastering as a potential
means to establish fair competition to the Industry, to aid in the
employment of labor, and to protect building ownership.
The Industry has no intention or desire to usurp the well recog-
nized right of Architects and Engineers to prepare their own speci-
fications for a project at hand.

The Industry feels, however,. that the outline requirements for
standardization of work which represents the coordination of the
experience of the leading men in the Industry upon fundamental
requirements for sound work is necessary for the many speculative
homes and other buildings where the professional services of archi-
tects are not utilized.
Wire or Metal Lath.-All wire cloth lath to be No. 18 gauge
.0475-%" mesh painted wire lath, weighing 3.3 lbs. per square yard,
or No. 24 gauge metal lath painted, weighing no less than 3.4 lbs.
per square yard.
All wood lath to be No. 1 grade lath, %" thick, and 1%" wide.
Gypsum lath to be a brand that shall meet the requirements of the
tentative specifications for Gypsum lath of the American Society for
Testing Materials, as revised to date by said Society. Such gypsum
lath shall not be less than %" in thickness.
Shall be a type made by fitting or weaving strong fibrous material
such as cane, wood or vegetable pulp fibre into sheet lath 18" wide
and 48" long, and not less than %" thick.
Nails for wood lath to be 3 penny fine 16 gauge blued wire nails.
Nails for gypsum and fibrous insulating lath shall not be less than
1%" in length, to be of 13 gauge with %" heads.
Nails for wire and metal lath shall not be less than 6 penny for
ceilings, and not less than 4 penny for walls, or in lieu thereof one-
inch blued staples shall be used.
All wood lath to be nailed to each stud joist or bearing, with joints
broken, not over seven lath to a break, no diagonal nor vertical
lathing allowed, a full %" key to be left for lime and mortar, and not
less than a full %" for gypsum plaster.
All nails to be full driven.
Wire and metal lath shall be overlapped at each joint or seam
with not less than a one-inch lap, and shall be securely nailed or
stapled every six inches to each stud, joist, or bearing.
End joints of metal lath shall be broken at each sheet.
Gypsum and fibrous insulating lath shall be laid with broken
joints and securely nailed every four inches to each stud, joist, or

Band Iron Furring.-As specified to be V'", %" or 1" crimped and
painted band iron of No. 22 gauge metal, such furring to be stapled
to bearing, and the wire or metal lath to be applied and nailed or
stapled over such band iron furring. Nails or staples used to be
increased in size to accommodate the width of the band iron furring
Suspended Ceilings.-To be constructed of standard hot rolled
steel shapes of 11"' or 2" flat bars, angles, tees or channels of the
weights specified or called for. Such purlins or principals shall be
spaced not over 4'0" on centers, hung with flat bar hangers or with
Y'" galvanized rod hangers, not over 4'0" on centers, securely fastened
with approved clips to the structural framing or through the floor
construction; in the event these hangers go through the floor con-
struction, they shall be provided with 6" channel or flat bar anchors.
No hanger shall be attached to or be supported from the bottom
flange of a tile arch. Where cold rolled channels are used, spacing
of same to be not more than 3' on centers.
The flat bar, angle, tee, or channel purlins shall be cross furred
with %" steel channel furring members of the weight specified; such
furring members shall be spaced 12" on centers, securely fastened to
the purlins with No. 9 gauge galvanized mild steel clips to a double
tie of No. 14 gauge galvanized wire.
Furred or attached ceilings to concrete construction shall have not
less than No. 9 gauge galvanized hangers with a loop embedment
into such concrete, hangers to be placed on 12" x 4'0" centers.
To such hangers attach %" steel channels spaced 12" on centers
and laid with wire or metal lath as specified. Such lath to be laid
with lapped joints and to be tied to the furring members every six
inches with No. 18 gauge galvanized tie wire; or, in lieu thereof, %"
steel channels supported by hangers 2'6" on centers through the
center of the concrete and made as a purlin, cross furred with %"
channels 12" on centers, may be used. Hangers to be suspended
through arch or through side beams.
Furring.-All false beams or cornice furring to be constructed of
%" channel or 1" flat bar brackets not over 2'O" apart lined with
intermediate furring supports not over 12" apart, and anchored or
toggle-bolted into.the construction, to be made to conform to the
design so as to allow for a minimum of plaster, such brackets to be
covered with 18 gauge wire or 24 gauge metal painted lath secured
with 18 gauge galvanized wire, such ferring to conform to the latest
and best practice as to durability of construction.

Metal Corner Beads to be of 24 gauge and galvanized.
All beads to be erected plumb level and lined in accord with the
best trade practice; nailed or tied not over 2'0" apart. Beads to
extend full height.
Lath with No. 18 gauge galvanized wire lath or No. 24 gauge
metal lath, galvanized after expansion, of the quality and weights
herein called for, direct to the wood construction, or over '", or
%", or 1" galvanized crimped band iron as specified, stapled or nailed
with galvanized staples every six inches. All lath to be lapped at
least 2" at each joint or joining.
All sand to be clean, sharp sand, free from loam and well graded.
All lime shall meet the standard specification of the American
Society for Testing Materials for plasterers quick or hydrated finishing
Hair to be well whipped cattle hair. Fiber to be long well whipped
vegetable fiber.
All Plaster of Paris to be fresh.
Gypsum Plaster shall conform to the American Society for Testing
Materials Standard Specification for Gypsum Plaster.
Keene's Cement to be a brand that shall meet the requirements of
the Standard Specifications for Keene's Cement of the American
Society for Testing Materials, as revised to date by said Society.
P Portland Cement to be a brand that shall conform'to the require-
ments of the Standard Specification for Portland Cement of the
American Society for Testing Materials, as revised to date by said
Lime Mortar to be composed of clean sharp sand and plasterers
quick or finishing hydrated lime, and hair and fiber in proper pro-
portions. All such lime mortar to be well slaked and protected.

Gypsum Mortar to be composed of clean sharp sand and fresh
gypsum plaster mixed in accordance with the Manufacturers' speci-
fications. No "set" or "dead" mortar to be retempered or used.
Keene's Cement shall be mixed and applied in accordance with the
Manufacturers' specifications for all base and finish coats.

Portland Cement mortar shall be composed of clean sharp sand
and fresh Portland Cement with 10% of rich lime mortar added to a
mix that shall not be poorer than 3 volumes of sand to one volume of
Lime Putty when made from lump lime to be run off in a tight
putty box thoroughly slaked and screened through a fine No. 10
mesh putty screen. Finishing lime putty made from finishing hy-
drated lime shall be soaked with water in a tight box for not less
than 24 hours before being used.

White Coat Finish to be composed of lime putty gauged with not
less than 25% of fresh gauging plaster laid on in two coats and trow-
eled to a smooth even surface, free from blisters, checks, and other
imperfections. In no case is ungauged lime putty to be run on and
worked over with gauged putty.

All float sand finish to be composed of lime and sand; gypsum and
sand; Keene's Cement and sand, or Keene's Cement, lime, and
sand; to be water floated with cork or carpet floats to an even gran-
ular surface.
Scratch Coat.-All scratch coating to be well laid on and surface
covered with a full coat which is to be well scratched, to be well
undercut for the brown coat; all lime mortar scratch coating to be
dry before applying the brown coat. All gypsum mortar to be set
before applying second coat.

Brown Coat to be applied so as to insure the adhesion of the second
coat to first coat. It is to be applied in such thickness that the first
coat when dry, together with the lath base used, may be strong
enough to resist the pressure of applying the second coat. The sur-
face -of second coat must be made true and even and brought flush
within %" of face of grounds.

Cornice Work.-All moulded beams and cornices will be screeded
and run in place with moulds, with true lines and accurate mitres.
Ornamental Work.-All patterns to be turned out by skilled me-
chanics with true and accurate lines. All models for ornamental
work shall be satisfactory to the architect.

Casts.-All casts to be well made, the contractor to supply a suffi-
cient number to meet the requirements of the job, all casts to be made
in line, well and truly undercut and free from warps and other irregu-
larities, supplying all necessary shrinkers and stretchers.
Palm Finish and Textured Finishes.-All palm and textured finishes
shall be executed in a first class and artistic way, so as to conform to
effect specified and called for.
Scratch Coat.-With mortar composed of 3 volumes of clean sharp
sand to one volume of Portland Cement; to this mix add hair and
fibre and 10% of rich lime mortar; apply a scratch coat thoroughly
covered and undercut, care being taken to first thoroughly cover the
lath joints or laps, when the scratch coat is dry.
Brown Coat.-With mortar composed of three volumes of clean
sharp sand and one volume of Portland Cement, to which mix add
10% of rich lime mortar. Rod and straighten all surfaces, and when
the brown coat is dry, rough cast with a dash coat composed of two
volumes of Portland Cement to three volumes of selected torpedo
sand, gravel, or other aggregate, dashed over the surface with a
scoop or paddle to an even, uniform, artistic surface.
As specified, textured finishes in endless variety may be substituted
for rough cast finish.
Brush all such masonry surfaces carefully, removing all dirt and
dust, and plaster as above with scratch, brown, and finish coat.
All work on concrete walls, columns, and ceilings shall be well
brushed with steel brushes and shall then be washed with a 10%
solution of muriatic acid in water. Such solution of acid to be washed
off the concrete surfaces with clean water before applying the plas-
tering and shall be prepared by dashing a mixture of coarse sand and
cement in proportion of one and one, to be applied with a whisk
broom, using a whipping motion. After set or dry, apply a thin coat
of rich mortar; or shall be prepared by the use of a sand aggregate

applied under air pressure to create a mechanical bond, to which a
thin coat of rich mortar shall be applied for brown coat.
All patching of plastering after other trades shall be paid for and
shall not be included in the contract price.

The Contractor shall supply all necessary tools, scaffolding, and
appliances necessary to fulfill the requirements of his work on the
job. All scaffolding to be erected and maintained in accordance with
the laws of the state relating to scaffolds.

A minimum thickness of N" of plaster over any lathing base for
two-coat work and a minimum thickness of %" of plaster is neces-
sary where three-coat plaster is applied over any lathing base. It
is therefore necessary that grounds of the following thickness be
specified and provided in order to secure good work. All grounds
listed below contemplate the actual thickness for the various classes
of work. Width of jambs should be specified and used to obtain such
necessary thickness of plastering:
Grounds for 2-coat lath work. _-------- ----------------------------- %
Grounds for 3-coat lath work ---------------------------------------- 1
Grounds for 3-coat wire or metal lath work----------------------------- /4
Grounds for 2-coat work on tile, brick or concrete ----------------------- %

SECTION 1. Inferior Work.-The substitution of inferior materials,
improper mix, or use of materials or any misrepresentation in con-
nection with the sale or use of such products for the purpose or with
the effect of misleading or deceiving purchasers with respect to the
quantity, quality, or grade thereof is an unfair trade practice.
SEC. la. Lumping of Labor.-The "lumping" of labor by a con-
tractor or other person to a journeyman so employed is an unfair
trade practice.
SEC. 2. False Representations.-False representations made either
directly or indirectly or by inference by a member of the industry
that a competing member has quoted or is quoting different prices
for his products or terms and conditions of sale than those actually
quoted by such competing member is an unfair competition.
SEC. 3. Defamation.-The defamation of a competitor by words or
acts which untruthfully call in question his business integrity, his
ability to perform his contracts, or his credit standing is an unfair
SEC. 4. Rebates.-The taking of rebates, gifts, refunds, or other-
wise cheating upon agreed wage scales under any form of subterfuge
is an unfair competition.
SEC. 5. Contracts.-The Industry hereby records its approval of
the policy of adopting standard and equitable contract forms, with
clearly written and commonly understood provisions fair to buyers

and sellers. The said Emergency National Committee may prepare
standard forms of orders or contracts to be used by the members of
the industry in selling their commodities or in taking contracts to
do so.
SEC. 6. Fair Bidding Practices.-No one in the Plastering Industry
shall be a party to the unfair competitive practice known through-
out the construction industry as "Bid Peddling" or "Bid Chiseling"-
the industry reserving to itself, locally or nationally, the right to
legally formulate such rules and regulations as will eliminate such or
other unfair competitive bidding practices.
The Plastering Industry records its approval of the principle of
prequalification of all contractors engaged in the industry as a means
of establishing ethics, responsibility, and fair treatment in competitive
practices in the industry.
SECTION 1. Representation.-There shall be an Emergency National
Committee of this industry composed of twelve members, ten of such
members shall be the selection of the local affiliated associations of
the Contracting Plasters' International Association and two members
who shall be selected by the president of the American Institute of
SEC. 2. Powers.-The Emergency National Committee shall be the
general planning and coordinating agency for the industry. Its
members shall be empowered to act for the industry conclusively in
respect to all matters before the Committee for consideration and
within its jurisdiction. The Committee shall have the powers and
duties specifically provided herein, and in addition thereto it may
exercise any of the following powers:
(a) From time to time require such reports from those in the
Industry as in its judgment may be necessary to advise it adequately
of the administration and enforcement of the provision of this Code.
(b) Upon complaint of interested parties or upon its own initiative
make such inquiry and investigation into the operation of the Code
as may be necessary.
(c) Make rules and regulations necessary for the administration
and enforcement of this Code.
(d) Hold a trade practice conference to establish rules of fair trade
practice for the Industry not already specifically established in this
SEC. 3. Statistics.-The shall gather from the members
of the Industry data necessary for the administration of the National
Industrial Recovery Act, which data include:
(a) Number of persons employed
(b) Wage rates, earnings, and hours worked
(c) Price, costs, and
(d) Other items at the option of the Industry
SEC. 4. Delegation of Power.-The Committee may delegate any of
its authority to the National Control Committee, hereinafter provided,
and may designate such agents as it shall determine.

SECTION 1. Appointment.-The Emergency National Committee
of this Industry shall appoint from its own membership a National
Control Committee of three members. The National Control Com-
mittee shall exercise such authority as may have been delegated to
it by the said Emergency National Committee.
SEC. 2. Coin munications ad Conferences.-All communications
and conferences of this Industry with the President or with his
agents concerning the approval or amendment of this Code, or any
of its provisions or any matters relating thereto shall be through
the said National Control Committee. The National Control Com-
mittee shall serve as an executive agency for the Emergency National
Committee of this Industry, and shall be charged with the enforce-
ment of the provisions of this Code and with the duties, through
agents or otherwise, of hearing and adjusting complaints, considering
proposals for amendments, and making recommendations thereon,
approving recommendations for exceptions to the provisions of this
Code and otherwise administering its provisions.
SEC. 3. Appeal.-Any member of the Industry shall have the
right to appeal to the Emergency National Committee from deci-
sions of the National Control Committee, and the decisions of the
Emergency National Committee on said appeals shall be final.
SEC. 4. Function.-The function of this Committee shall be the
general planning and coordination for this Industry, and coopera-
tion with similar boards of other industries, to the end of affecting
a balanced national economy.
SEC. 5. Cost of Administering the Code.-Expenses involved in
administering this Code shall be determined by the Emergency Na-
tional Committee and prorated equitably among all members of
the industry, on the basis of a percentage upon the volume of work
done by each member of the industry. Such percentage payments
shall be due and payable monthly during the period of the National
Industrial Recovery Act. No part of such percentage payments
shall be used for any purpose other than the necessary incidental
expenses incurred in the administration of this Code or the National
Industrial Recovery Act.
SECTION 1. Interpretation.-No provision of this Code shall be
interpreted or applied in such a manner as to promote monopolies;
permit or encourage unfair competition; eliminate or oppress small
enterprises; or discriminate against small enterprises.
SEC. 2. Cancellation or Modification. -This Code or any of its
provisions may be cancelled or modified, and any approved rule
issued thereunder, shall be ineffective to the extent necessary to con-
form to any action by the President under Section 10 of the National
Industrial Recovery Act.


SEC. 3. Recommendations.-The Emergency National Committee
of this Industry and National Control Committee shall, from time
to time, make to the members of the industry such recommendations,
including amendments of the Code, as in their judgment will aid
the effective administration of this Code or may be necessary to effec-
tuate within this Industry the purpose of the National Industrial
Recovery Act as administered.
SEC. 4. Amendments.--Amendments to this Code may be pro-
posed by any three local member associations of the industry to the
Emergency National Committee or may be initiated by the Com-
mittee, and when approved by the President shall become a part of
this Code, and effective as such.
SEC. 5. Violation.-Violation by any member of this Industry of
any of the provisions of this Code, or any rule issued thereunder,
or any approved amendment thereof, is an unfair method of
SEC. 6. Approral.-This Code shall be in effect beginning the
second Monday after its approval by the President.
Dated at --------------------, --------------------1933.
Approved -------------------
For the President.

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