Citation
Proposed code of fair competition for the manufacturers of bagging for raw cotton industry

Material Information

Title:
Proposed code of fair competition for the manufacturers of bagging for raw cotton industry as submitted on Aug. 31, 1933 ..
Creator:
United States -- National Recovery Administration
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C
Publisher:
U.S. Gov. Printing Office
Publication Date:
Language:
English
Physical Description:
4 p. : ; 23 cm.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Burlap bag industry -- Law and legislation -- United States ( lcsh )
Genre:
Federal Government Publication ( MARCTGM )

Notes

General Note:
Cover title.
General Note:
"Registry No. 203-06"

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
This item is a work of the U.S. federal government and not subject to copyright pursuant to 17 U.S.C. §105.
Resource Identifier:
63654177 ( OCLC )
ocm63654177

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Full Text
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA

3ll lll ll11112 0 6 7llllll 1 11114111111
3 1262 08486 7463


Registry No. 203-06


NATIONAL RECOVERY ADMINISTRATION




PROPOSED CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION

FOR THE


MANUFACTURERS OF BAGGING FOR


RAW COTTON INDUSTRY

AS SUBMITTED ON AUGUST 31, 1933


The Code for the Manufacturers of Bagging for Raw Cotton Industry
in its present form merely reflects the proposal of the above-mentioned
industry, and none of the provisions contained therein are
to be regarded as having received the approval of
the National Recovery Administration
as applying to this industry I


I I


UNITED STATES
GOVERNMENT PRINTING' OFFICE
WASHINGTON : 1933


SS o
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents. Washington, D.C. - Price 5 cents


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SUBMIrrD BY
INSTITUTE OF MANUFACTURERS OF RAW COTTON
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CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION FOR THE BAGGING FOR
COVERING RAW COTTON INDUSTRY

To effectuate the policy of Title I of the National Industrial Re-
covery Act, the following provisions are established as a Code of
Fair Competition for the Bagging for Covering Raw Cotton In-
dustry.
1. Definitions.--The term Bagging for Covering Raw Cotton
Industry" as used herein (and referred to hereinafter as "the in-
dustry ") is defined to mean preparing, spinning, and weaving new
andor second-hand jute or other fibres into the coarse bagging or
patches expressly made for covering raw cotton.
The term person as used herein means any individual, firm,
association, or corporation engaged in the industry.
The term manufacturing employees as used herein shall include
all individuals actually employed in the productive operations as set
out in the description of the industry.
The term nonmanufacturing employees shall include all other
employees not classified as manufacturing employees."
The term productive machinery as used herein is defined to mean
the machinery necessary to productive operations.
The term effective date as used herein is defined to be the second
Monday after the date of approval of this Code by the President.
2. Minlnimum wages.-On and after the effective date the minimum
wage that shall be paid by employers in the industry to any of their
manufacturing employees shall be at the rate of 171.. cents per hour
in the case of male employees and 122 cents per hour in the case of
female employees.
It is interpreted that the provisions for minimum wage in this
Code shall be a guaranteed minimum rate of pay per hour of em-
ployment regardless of whether the employee's compensation is
otherwise based on a time or upon a piecework performance.
It shall be a function of the Planning and Fair Trade Agency
provided for in this Code to observe the operation of this provi-
sion and to recommend from time to time such further .provisions
as experience ma.y indicate to be proper to effectuate the purpose
and policy of the National Industrial Recovery Act, particularly
with respect to necessary reasonable adjustments as to wages above
the minimum.
3. Maximum hours.-On and after the effective date employers
in the industry shall not operate on a schedule of hours for their
manufacturing employees except office force, executives, and super-
visory staff, shipping, watching, and outside crews, in excess of
48 hours .per week, provided, however, that for a period of 5 months
during any calendar year in order to meet peak or seasonal require-
ments employers in the industry may operate on a schedule of hours
of labor for their manufacturing employees of 2 shifts of not
exceeding 40 hours each per week.
9970---33 t








On and after the effective date, the maximum hours of labor
for office employees in the industry shall be an average of 40 hours
a week over each period of 6 months.
It is interpreted that the provision for maximum hours shall be
a maximum of hours of labor per week for every employee covered
so that under no circumstances will such an employee be employed
or permitted to work for one or more employers in the industry in
the aggregate in excess of the prescribed number of hours in a single
week.
It shall be the duty of the Planning and Fair Trade Agency pro-
vided for herein to prepare and submit to the Administration by
January 1, 1934, a schedule of maximum hours and minimum wages
for all classes of employees not provided for in Sections 2 and 3
hereof.
4. Child labor.-On and after the effective date employers in the
industry shall not employ any minor under the age of 16 years.
5. Productive machinery.-Employers in the industry shall not
operate productive machinery in the industry for more than 1 shift
of 48 hours, provided, however, that during peak or seasonal periods
herein provided for, productive machinery may be operated on the
basis of 2 shifts of not exceeding 40 hours per week each for a
period not exceeding 5 months of the calendar year.
6. Planning and fair trade agency.-With a view to keeping the
President informed as to the observance or nonobservance of this
Code of Fair Competition, and as to whether the industry is taking
appropriate steps to effectuate the policy of the Industrial Recovery
Act, each person engaged in the industry will furnish duly certified
reports in substance as follows, and in such form as may hereinafter
be provided:
a. Returns every 4 weeks showing actual hours worked by the
various groups of manufacturing employees and minimum rates of
wages.
b. Reports every 4 weeks as to the operation of productive
machinery.
c. Monthly reports showing production in terms of the unit agreed
upon by the industry.
The Institute of Manufacturers of Bagging for Covering Raw
Cotton is hereby recognized and constituted the agency to collect
and receive such reports, provided, however, that all such reports,
except as may be required by the President or by law, shall be deemed
confidential when so gathered and shall not be made known to any
other than the reporting employer. Totals or cumulative reports
for the industry may be distributed.
To further effectuate the policies of the Act, the Institute of Man-
ufacturers of Bagging for Covering Raw Cotton is hereby set up
to cooperate with the Administration as the Planning and Fair
Trade Agency for the industry.
Such agency may from time to time present to the Administrator
recommendations based on conditions in the industry as they may
develop from time to time, which will tend to effectuate the opera-
tion of the provisions of this Code. Among other matters included
within the authority, the said agency shall from time to time make-








1. Recommendations as to the requirement by the Administrator
of such further reports from persons engaged in the industry of
statistical information and keeping of such uniform accounts as may
be necessary to secure the proper observance of the Code and promote
the proper balance of production and consumption, and the stabili-
zation of the industry and employment;
2. Recommendations as to the setting up of such boards or bureaus
as may be necessary to aid in the enforcement and observance of this
Code;
3. Recommendations for changes in, or exemptions from, the pro-
visions of this Code as to machinery control;
4. Recommendations for the making of requirements by the Ad-
ministrator as to practices of persons engaged in the industry, the
naming and reporting of prices which may be proper to avoid dis-
crimination and promote the stabilization of the industry and to
prevent and eliminate unfair and destructive prices and practices;
5. Recommendations for dealing with any inequalities that may
otherwise arise in the observance and enforcement of this Code, or in
promoting the stability of the industry and of production and
employment.
Such recommendations, when approved by the Administrator, shall
have the same force and effect as the other provisions of this Code.
Said Agency shall receive and report on all complaints or alleged
violations of this Code and shall set up rules and regulations which,
with the approval of the Administrator, shall be used in connection
with the enforcement of this Code. Such Agency shall also have
power to initiate complaints to the Administrator as to violations
of the Code and shall be authorized, with the approval of the Admin-
istrator, to take such steps as may be necessary to correct same or
enforce observance.
7. Imports.-Immediately, or as soon as practical, after the effec-
tive date of this Code, the Planning and Fair Trade Agency, herein
set up, shall investigate the extent of importations of competing
materials used or to be used in the covering of raw cotton, and shall,
if the Planning and Fair Trade Agency so decides, make application
to the President that he exercise the authority under subsection (e)
of section 3 of the National Industrial Recovery Act to the end that
such adjustments of tariff duties or embargoes in connection with
said importations shall be made as may be necessary to insure the
effectuation of the purpose and policy of the National Industrial
Recovery Act and the provisions of this Code.
8. EAisting contracts.- Where the costs of executing contracts en-
tered into in the industry prior to the presentation to Congress of the
National Industrial Recovery Act are increased by the application of
the provisions of this Code to the industry, it is equitable and pro-
motive of the purposes of the Code that appropriate adjustments of
such contracts to reflect such increased costs be arrived at by arbitral
proceedings or otherwise and the Planning and Fair Trade Agency
herein set up, is constituted an agency to assist in effectuating such
adjustment.
Persons engaged in the industry shall be deemed permitted to
make such representations to purchasers in connection with any such








contracts as to the increased cost caused by the application'of the
provisions of this code.
9. Labor provisiins.-Employers in the industry shall comply
with the requirements of the National Industrial Recovery Act as
follows:
(1) That employees shall have the right to organize and bargain
collectively through representatives of their own choosing, and shall
be free from the interference, restraint, or coercion of employers
of labor, or their agents, in the designation of such representatives
or in self-organization or in other concerted activities for the pur-
pose of collective bargaining or other mutual aid or protection; (2)
that no employee and no one seeking employment shall be required
as a condition of employment to join any company union or to refrain
from joining, organizing, or assisting a labor organization of his
own choosing; and (3) that employers shall comply with the maxi-
mum hours of labor, minimum rates of pay, and other conditions of
employment, approved or prescribed by the President.
10. Miscellaneous.-This Code and all the provisions thereof are
expressly made subject to the right of the President, in accordance
with the provision of Clause 10 (b) of the National Industrial Recov-
ery Act, from time to time to cancel or modify any order, approval,
license, rule, or regulation, issued under Title I of said Act, and
specifically to the right of the President to cancel or modify his
approval of this Code or any conditions imposed by him upon his
approval thereof.
Such of the provisions of this Code as are not required to be
included therein by the National Industrial Recovery Act may, with
the approval of the President, be modified or eliminated as changes
in circumstances or experience may indicate.
It is contemplated that from time to time supplementary pro-
visions to this Code or additional codes will be submitted for the
approval of the President to prevent unfair competition in price and
other unfair and destructive competitive practices and to effectuate
the other purposes and policies of Title I of the National Industrial
Recovery Act with the provisions hereof.
This Code shall be in operation on and after the effective date as
1o the entire industry except as an exemption from or a stay of the
application of its provisions may be granted by the Administrator
to a person applying for the same or except as provided in an execu-
tive order. No distinction shall be made in such exemptions between
persons who have and who have not joined in applying for thle pro-
visions of this Code.











































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Full Text

PAGE 1

11111111111l1~i~1f11llli'llll11i1l11/11/1mli~1i111111111 3 1262 0 8 486 7 463 Registry No. 203-06 NATIONAL RECOVERY ADMINISTRATION PROPOSED CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION FOR THE MANUFACTURERS OF BAGGING FOR RAW COTTON INDUSTRY AS SUBMITTED ON AUGUST 31, 1933 • A l, 0 ....... --The Code for the Manufacturers of Bagging for Raw Cotton Industry in its present form merely reflects the proposal of the above-mentioned industry, and none of the provisions contained therein are to be regarded as having received the approval of the National Recovery Administration as applying to this industry UNITED ST ATES GOVERNMENT PRINTING' OFFICE WASHINGTON : 1933 i I ' \ ( For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, Washington, D.C. -Price 5 cents

PAGE 2

SUBMITTED BY INSTITUTE OF l\1ANUF ACTURERS OF RAW COTTON (II)

PAGE 3

CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION FOR THE BAGGING FOR COVERING RAW COTTON INDUSTRY To effectuate the policy of Title I of the National Industrial Re covery Act, the follo wing provis ion are established as a Code of Fair Competition for the Bagging for Covering Raw Cotton Industry . l. D efonitiom.-The term "Bagging for Covering Raw Cotton Industry" as used herein (and referred to hereinafter as "the industry") is defined to mean preparing, spinning, and Waving new and/or second-hand jute or other fibr es into the coarse bagging or patches express l y made for covering raw cotton. The term ,~person" as u sed herein means any individual, firm, association, or corporation engaged in the in lustry. The term" manufacturing employees" as used herein shall include all individuals actually employed in the productive operations as se t out in the de. cription of the industry. The term "nonmanufacturing employees" shall include all other employees not classified as "manufacturing employees." The term" productive machinery" as used herein is defined to mean ~he machinery necessary to productive operations. The term " effective date " as u ed herein i defined to be the second Monday after the date of approval of this Code by the President. 2. Minimum wag e s.-On and after the effective date the minimum wage that shall be paid by emp loy ers in the industry to any of their n1anufacturing employee shall be at the rate of 17 cents per hour in the case of mal e employees and 12 cents per hour in the case of female employees. It is interpreted that the provisions for minimum wage in this Code shall be a guaranteed minimum rate of pay per hour of employment regardless of whether the employee's compensation is otherwise based on a time or upon a piecework performance. It shall be a function of the Planning and Fair Trade Agency provided or in this Code to observe the operation of this provis i on and to recommend from time to time such further ,provisions as experien ce 1nay indica t e to be proper to effectuate the purpose and policy of the National Indu trial R ecovery Act, particularly with respect to nec essary reasonable adjustments as to wages above the minimum. 3. M awirnwni hou . rs.-On and after the effective date emp l oyers in the industry shall not operate on a schedule of hours for their manufacturing employees excep t office force, executives, and super visory s taff, shipping, watching, and outside c rew s, in excess of 48 hours .per week, provided, how ever, that for a period of 5 months during any calendar year in order to meet peak or seasona l require ments employers in the industry may operate on a sch ed ule of hours of labor for their manufacturing employees of 2 shifts of not exceeding 40 hours each per week. 9970-33 (1)

PAGE 4

2 On and after the effective elate, the maximum hours of labor for office employees in the industry shall be an average of 40 hours a week over each period of 6 months. It is interpreted that the provision for maximum hours shall be a maximum of hours of labor per week for every employee covered so that under no circumstances will such an employee be employed or permitted to work for one or more employers in the industry in the aggregate in excess of the prescribed number of hours in a single week. It shall be the duty of the Planning and Fair Trade Agency provided for herein to prepare and submit to the Administration by January 1, 1934, a schedule of maximum hours and minimum wages for all classes of employees not provided for in Sections 2 and 3 hereof. 4. Child labor.-On and after the effective date employers in the industry shall not employ any minor under the age of 16 years. 5. Proclu.ctive macliinery.-Employers in the industry shall not operate productive machinery in th~ industry for more than 1 shift of 48 hours, provided, however, that during peak or seasonal .periods herein provided for, productive machinery may be operated on the basis of 2 shifts of not exceeding 40 hours per week each for a period not exceeding 5 months of the calendar year. 6. Plannin,c; and fair trade agency.-With a view to keeping the President informed as to the observance or nonobservance of this Code of Fair Competition, and as to whether the industry is taking appropriate steps to effectuate the policy of the Industrial Recovery. Act, each person engaged in the industry will furnish duly certified reports in substance as follows, and in such form as may hereinafter be provided : a. Returns every 4 weeks showing actual hours worked by the , various groups of manufacturing employees and minimum rates of wages. b. Reports every 4 weeks as to the operation of productive machinery. c. Monthly reports showing production in terms of the unit agreed upon by the industry. The Institute of Manufacturers of Bagging for Covering Raw Cotton is hereby recognized and constituted the agency to collect and receive such reports, provided, however, that all such reports, except as may be required by the President or by law, shall be deemed confidential when so gathered and shall not be made known to any other than the reporting employer. Totals or cumulative reports for the industry may be distributed. To further effectuate the policies of the Act, the Institute of Manufacturers of Bagging for Covering Raw Cotton is hereby set up to cooperate with the Administration as the Planning and Fair Trade Agency for the industry. Such agency may from time to time present to the Administrator recommendations based on conditions in the industry as they may develop from time to time, which will tend to effectuate the operation of the provisions of this Code. Among other matters included within the authority, the said agency shall from time to time make-

PAGE 5

3 1. Recommendations as to the requirement by the Administrator of such further reports from persons engaged in the industry of statistical information and keeping of such uniform accounts as may be necessary to secure the proper observance of the Code and promote the proper.balance of production and consumption, and the stabilization of the industry and employment; 2. Recommendations as to the setting up of such boards or bureaus as may be necessary to aid in the enforcement and observance of this Code; 3. Recommendations for changes in, or exemptions from, the provisions of this Code as to machinery control; 4. Recommendations for the making of requirements by the Administrator as to practices of persons engaged in the industry, the naming and reporting of prices which may be proper to avoid discrimination and promote the stabilization of the industry and to prevent and eliminate unfair and destructive prices and practices; 5. Recommendations for dealing with any inequalities that niay otherwise arise in the observance and enforcement of this Code, or in promoting the stability of the industry and of production and employment. Such recommendations, when approved by the Administrator, shall have the same force and effect as the other provisions of this Code. Said Agency shall receive and report on all complaints or alleged violations of this Code and shall set up rules and regulations which, with the approval of the Administrator, shall be used in connection with -the enforcement of this Code. Such Agency shall also have power to initiate complaints to the Administrator as to violations of the Code and shall be authorized, with the approval of the Administrator, to take such steps as may be necessary to correct same or enforce observance. 7. /mports.-Immediately, or as soon as practical, after the effec tive date of this Code, the Planning and Fair Trade Agency, herein set up, shall investigate the extent of importations of competing materials used or to be used in the covering of raw cotton, and shall, if the Planning and Fair Trade Agency so decides, make application to the President that he exercise the authority under subsection ( e) of section 3 of the National Industrial Recovery Act to the end that such adjustments of tariff duties or embargoes in connection with said importations shall be made as may be necessary to insure the effectuation of the purpose and policy of the National Industrial Recovery Act and the provisions of this Code. 8. Existing contracts.-Where the costs of executing contracts entered into in the industry prior to the presentation to Congress of the National Industrial Recovery Act are increased by the application of the provisions of this Code to the industry, it is equitable and promotive of the purposes of the Code that appropriate adjustments of such contracts to reflect such increased costs be arrived at by arbitral proceedings or otherwise and the Planning and Fair Trade Agency herein set up, is constituted an agency to assist in effectuating such adjustment. Persons engaged in the industry shall be deemed permitted to make such representations to purchasers in connection with any such

PAGE 6

4 contracts as to the increased cost caused by the application of the provisions of this code. 9. Labor provisions.-Employers in the industry shall comply with the requirements of the National Industrial Recovery Act as follows: (1) That employees shall have the right to organize and bargain collectively through representatives of their own choosing, and shall be free from the interference, restraint, or coercion of employers -0f labor, or their agents, in the designation of such representatives or in self-organization or in other concerted activities for the purpose of collective bargaining or other mutual aid or protection; (2) that no employee and no one seeking employment shall be required as a condition of employment to join any company union or to refrain from joining, organizing, or assisting a labor organization of his -0wn choosing; and ( 3) that employers shall comply with the maximum hours of labor, minimum rates of pay, and other conditions of -employment, approved or prescribed by the President. 10. lJ!Jiscellane ous.-This Code and all the provisions thereof are '-'xpressly made subject to the right of the President, in accordance with the provision of Clause 10 (b) of the National Inrlustrial Recovery Act, from time to time to cancel or modify any order, approval, license, rule, or regulation, issued under Title I of said Act, and specifically to the right of the President to cancel or modify his approval of this Code or any conditio ns imposed by him upon his approval thereof. Such of the provisions of this Code as are not required to be jncluded therein by the National Industrial Recovery Act n1ay, with the approval of the President, be modified or eliminated as changes in circumstances or experience may indicate. , \ It is contemplated that fr01n time to time supplementary provisions to this Code or additional codes will be submitted for the approval of the President to prevent unfair competition in price and other unfair and destructive compet itive practices and to effectuate the other purposes and policies of Title I of the National Industrial R ecovery Act with the provisions hereof. This Code shall be in operation on and after the effective date as to the entire industry except as an exemption from or a stay of the application of its provisions may be granted by the Administrator to a person applyine; for the same or except as provided in an executive order. No distinction shall be made in such exemptions between persons who have and who have not joined in applying for the pro-visions of this Code. 0