| 7l I I*
+-cr RULES OF F i-
The Northamptonshire Constabulary Library.
1. The property of the bt.l s is vlted in the Chidf Constable fior
the time tbi..LU.
2. No books rAre to be pilrcha-ed or received into the Libriry until
approved by the Chi..-t 4.',:.n t.ltle.
3. The hooks are for the u.e of the Otficerri and Cuntablez, and
imenmi.cr of th:ir families resijing with them in the same station or
i hIuse. The~y ae on no aceunt t:, be l.. it rtj urher per-one.
-*. Eaeh M'ember-i to eub-..rite id p,:r molth. Substriptions will be
coie)?ted -by Inr-p. ct,:r- of Diviioni on each pay day and ninmediately
afterwards transmitted by Superintendents tu the Chief Conttable.
5. The AicCio.nts will be audited by the three -nioir: Superintendenti
who attend at Head-Quarters on the second Saturday u~ter tihr'fist
and third meeting of the (:Cunty Counti in each year.
6. The whole number iof bookAs w;il be divided into Six equal por-
tirns; and one Suth portion will bte kept at the Head-Quartere of e.1ch
District. The Irnpetuor at cach Diotrnct Head-Quarters will be held
rTEpoJnribl. ft.r the afe ,?uet:.dy at the books, under the general super-
%isiou ..f the Superintendent.
7. The .several Libraries will be >-hanged from oui DiltriLt to
S another in the mouth ot July in each year.
8. Books may be gi-r.en out to Members at any convenient time, but,
as a rule, this should he done on pay day,. .
K 9. Member. residing in the camre Di'tri.t mvay ex.:hjne L,-ukl.. but
he who reLei-ed any book from the Ins ecto:,r wili be h:ld ripous;thlu
for its cafe return.
10. Any book lost or d.m.a-d will be made g.od byi the Member
to whom it was issued.
11. A book will be provided for each Intpetptor having charge of a
Libraiy in which w-ll be entered the uname- ut Membere t... whb.m b,..oks
hare been i.oisud, together with the date of icsue and the date of return
of ea.:h took.
12. No Member may have in his po'svesiJon at one time more than
Six Voluin s; and Menibters before u avcing a District mu.t return all
books which have bcr:n i ..ud to them.
13. No work may b.: kept by a subtriber for more than two n-,rnths,
or for more than one month it any -.ther Member wished to have it.
14. .Al book., and cat ilogues will je returned to the Libraries on the
pay day for June in each y.ar, in order that the-eatalogues may be he lied
and the book examined befi.re thy are transferred to other Diltricts.
15. A Catalorgue of the Library then in the DistrT;t will be supphed
to each 6ubecriber, as weLl as to the Inspector in care.
16. Any person who feels aggriered may appeal to thi Chiet C(un-
stabie, through the u-ual channel., whose decision is final in any
matter connected vith the Library. J. D. .t.LLI McCALLUM,
Northampton, May, 1891. C'art. Conmerx-L
|I I |rIIIrI
AROUND THE WORLD IN
AUTHOR OF "TWENTY THOUSAND LEAGUES UNDER THE SEA"
GEO. M. TOWLE
SAMPSON LOW, MARSTON, SEARLE, & RIVINGTON
5t. glnzstan's g)onusz
FETTER LANE, FLEET STREET, E.C.
[All rights reserved]
For List of Books by this Author see page 316.
LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS.
'hileas Fogg I
fean Passepartout 6
"Well, Mr. Fogg," said he, "it shall be so: I will wager 40ooo on
it!!" .. ... 20
A poor Mendicant 26
Readers of all classes devoured the news relating to Phileas Fogg 30
Detective Fix 53
After vigorously repulsing the fellahs who offered their assistance 39
"My Watch? a family Watch I". 47
Mr. Fix on the watch, 54
They put in at Steamer Point 57
Passepartout, following his usual custom, takes a stroll. ib.
He knocked down two of his Adversaries 66
The Smoke formed into Spiral Columns 70
There they found themselves in the presence of an Admiral 76
Passepartout's uneasy ride on the back of the Elephant 80
Bands of Hindoos of both sexes 81
It was a Young Woman 85
The Rajah's Guards 92
There was a cry of Terror 96
Passepartout not at all frightened 103
"My shoes 1" cried Passepartout. 13
She showed him the most lively gratitude 118
In a fine equipage, drawn by splendid horses, Aouda and Phileas Fogg
drove through the rich forest scenery .. 128
He took a hand at everything and astonished the crew 37
In his stroll Passepartout came across a number of old natives 143
"Listen," said Fix in an under tone 149
"Is your honour looking for a vessel .156
" I regret having nothing better to offer you," said Mr. Fogg to Fix 16o
IV LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS.
The young woman, sitting in the stern, was lost in contemplation .163
The "Tankadere" was tossed about like a feather 69
Night came on, and Passepartout returned to the town 182
Passepartout went out muffled up in an old Japanese robe 85
The monument collapsed like a castle of cards 92
Followed by Passepartout with the wings on his back 193
The planks were rotten ... 203
If Fix had not received the blow 210
This was a sleeping car .216
A herd of ten or twelve thousand buffalo barred the track 219
"And you, my faithful friend" .. 225
The great Salt Lake .226
The bridge, completely ruined, fell with a crash 241
"I should play a diamond" 244
They had forced the doors, and were fighting hand to hand with the
travellers .. 249
Hanging by one hand between the tender and the luggage van, he 251
An enormous shadow, preceded by a flickering yellow glare 256
The Frenchman had stunned three with his fists 261
The cold, increased by the tremendous speed, deprived them of the
power of speech 266
And sometimes a pack of prairie wolves .269
"Pirate !" cried Andrew Speedy. .285
The crew evinced an incredible zeal .287
I arrest you in the name of the Queen 289
He had found a bill from the Gas Company 296
" Here I am, gentlemen," said he 308
His hair all in disorder, without a hat, knocking down foot-passengers,
on he ran ... 309
In which Phileas Fogg and Passepartout accept each other, the one as
master, the other as man .
In which Passepartout is convinced that he has at last found his ideal 8
In which a conversation takes place which seems likely to cost Phileas
Fogg dear 13
In which Phileas Fogg astounds Passepartout, his servant 23
In which a new species of funds, unknown to the monied men, appears
In which Fix, the detective, betrays a very natural impatience. 34
Which once more demonstrates the uselessness of passports as aids to
In which Passepartout talks rather more, perhaps, than is prudent 46
CHAPTER IX. PAGE
In which the Red Sea and the Indian Ocean prove propitious to the
designs of Phileas Fogg .. 52
In which Passepartout is only too glad to get off with the loss of his
shoes ............ 60
In which Phileas Fogg secures a curious means of conveyance at a
fabulous price. 67
In which Phileas Fogg and his companions venture across the Indian
forests, and what ensued 79
In which Passepartout receives a new proof that fortune favours the
Il which Phileas Fogg descends the whole length of the beautiful valley
of the Ganges, without ever thinking of seeing it 99
In which the bag of bank-notes disgorges some thousands of pounds
In which Fix does not seem to understand in the least what is said to
Showing what happened on the voyage from Singapore to Hong Kong 126
In which Phileas Fogg, Passepartout, and Fix go each about his
CHAPTER XIX. PAGE
In which Passepartout takes a too great interest in his master, and what
comes of it .. 142
In which Fix comes face to face with Phileas Fogg. 53
In which the master of the "Tankadere" runs great risk of losing a
reward of two hundred pounds 162
In which Passepartout finds out that, even at the antipodes, it is con-
venient to have some money in one's pocket 174
In which Passepartout's nose becomes outrageously long. 184
During which Mr. Fogg and party cross the Pacific Ocean I9
In which a slight glimpse is had of San Francisco 203
In which Phileas Fogg and party travel by the Pacific Railroad 213
In which Passepartout undergoes, at a speed of twenty miles an hour, a
course of Mormon history 221
In which Passepartout does not succeed in making anybody listen to
In which certain incidents are narrated which are only to be met with on
American railroads. 242
CHAPTER XXX. PAGH
In which Phileas Fogg simply does his duty 252
In which Fix the detective considerably furthers the interests of Phileas
Fogg .. 263
In which Phileas Fogg engages in a direct struggle with bad fortune 272
In which Phileas Fogg shows himself equal to the occasion 278
In which Phileas Fogg at last reaches London 290
In which Phileas Fogg does not have to repeat his orders to Passepartout
In which Phileas Fogg's name is once more at a premium on 'Change 304
In which it is shown that Phileas Fogg gained nothing by his journey
around the world, unless it were happiness 310
THE "SAINT MICHAEl."
THE autographic sketch on the opposite page repre-
sents the "St. Michael," a little decked bark belonging to
the author of "Around the World in Eighty Days."
The sketch, which Verne executed in the twinkling of
an eye, on our own desk, without suspecting that it would
receive the honours of publicity, is accompanied by the
inscription, "Bourset Malais," which two words indicate
the type of craft of which the "St. Michael" is an example.
It is on this frail skiff that Jules Verne goes upon long
voyages, and has already explored the English coast and
ascended as far as Scotland.
Verne recently took a trip in her to Jersey, in the
English Channel, accompanied by his factotum, Antonie
Delon, a veritable sea-wolf, who loves danger because he
has always overcome it.
These daring peregrinations gave the author of "Twenty
Thousand Leagues under the Sea" the ideas and subjects of
his remarkable works, which have been translated into
many languages, and have found readers in two worlds.
Verne passes half of his existence on board the "St.
Michael;" dividing the remainder of his time between
Amiens, where his family resides, and Paris, where he
attends the sessions of the Geographical Society, of which
he is the most honoured member, and where he collects, in
its museums and library, the numerous materials necessary
to the scientific perfection of his works.
Verne receives letters, in which his correspondents give
him their impressions and ideas, and sometimes foolish
observations, from all parts of the world. Those who
have read "Around the World in Eighty Days" recall,
no doubt, that Phileas Fogg, its hero, undertook his
journey after reading an article in the Daily Telegraph
at the Reform Club. The other day Verne received a
letter from a member of that famous club, in which he
said, somewhat bluntly, that the political tone of the Daily
Telegraph excluded that sheet from the Reform.
"It is as if you should say that M. de Belcastel sub-
scribed for the R1publique Frangaise!" added this pert
Verne laughed heartily at the illustration, and, as he is
amiability itself, apprised the member of the club that
in the next edition of the book he would substitute
for the obnoxious sheet one admitted into the club to
which the famous Phileas Fogg belonged; and, as the
editions are rapidly succeeding each other, the discon-
tented gentleman will doubtless ere long be fully satisfied.
The author of our little sketch leads the laborious,
regular, and sober life of a student. Wherever he may be,
he works from five in the morning till one in the afternoon,
passes the day visiting shops and factories, where he care-
fully studies the machinery, and goes to bed at seven
o'clock. Extended on his bed, he devours all the scientific
publications till midnight, and when they fail him he looks
over books of travel and tourist adventures. He has no need,
however, of borrowing ideas of travel or geography from
others, for he has himself travelled much, and is quite familiar
with Scotland, Ireland, Denmark, Norway, and Sweden.
He had an adventure in Sweden, with which I must
enliven this brief biography.
Verne was stopping at a hotel in Stockholm. As he was
on the point of ascending the coast to the northern part of
that picturesque country, he wished to pay his bill, and
began searching in his pocket-book for the draft at sight,
which he had procured of the Rothschilds before leaving
Paris. But he searched for it in vain. There was no doubt
about it-he had been robbed !
He found himself, as the Bohemians say, flat on
his back. The landlord stared at him, and he thought
he heard him mutter, "Adventurer!" Verne took his
" Swedish Guide," which he was learning by heart,
under his arm, and wandered about the city, calling
on all the bankers to apprise them of his misfortune,
and warn them lest the robber should forge his name.
After three days of going backwards and forwards, our
unhappy author climbed up to the last banker's, with his
guide-book, as usual, under his arm. He placed the book
on the desk, and began to tell the clerk of his misfortune.
The latter, indifferent to the tale, took up Verne's book and
began carelessly turning over its leaves. As he was doing
this, a slip of paper, which served as a mark in the middle
of a chapter, fell out on the floor.
The clerk took it up, and unfolding it, cried: "Why
here's your draft, after all!"
I leave you to imagine Verne's triumphant entrance into
Verne studied law, and became a barrister. Then, under
the auspices of Captain Darpentigny, a well-known chiro-
mancer, he became intimate with the Dumases, father and
son, wrote pieces in conjunction with them, and afterwards
worked alone, producing several libretti which had some
success at the Theitre Lyrique, under the direction of the
Sevestes and Rety. Among them were "Les Pailles
Rompus," "L'Auberge des Ardennes," "Le Colin Mail-
lard," Onze Jours de Siege," and some operettas, the titles
of which escape me. He makes verses with extreme ease;
and if ever there was a person who could be called marvel-
lously gifted, it is Jules Verne.
He was a broker in the firm of Eggley, in which he had,
and still has, a pecuniary interest, when the success of Five
Weeks in a Balloon" induced him to turn his whole atten-
tion to scientific romance.
He brings to his so justly popular works an ardour and
faith which greatly contribute to their success. He shrinks
from no pains to procure information, and he is careful to
fully establish beforehand the facts which he asserts.
He went to America, and returned with the plan of the
" Floating City." He accomplished his voyage in ninety-
six days, on the "Great Eastern." On reaching New York, he
did not saunter about Broadway, looking in shop-windows,
but took the railway and went six hundred leagues to see
Niagara Falls, of which he cannot yet speak without emotion.
Verne is overwhelmed with requests from dramatists to
be permitted to dramatize his works. He is not disinclined
to yield to their wishes, and has shown me some very
original ideas in regard to scenery, which seem likely to
enrich the managers, who may choose to put some hundreds
of thousands of francs at the service of his labours, by
millions. He has nearly finished, with Cadol, the Around
the World," and proposes to substitute for the" ordinary
drop-curtain a planisphere, on which a luminous trail shall
mark between each act the road gone over by the heroes
in their tour across the four quarters of the globe. He is
also preparing," The Marvels of Science," a great piece of
mechanism, which will borrow its effect, not only from
painting, velvet, and the ballet, but from the dynamic agents
of physics, chemistry, and mechanics. But I must-stop.
I might write a volume about this eloquent, witty, affable,
and sympathetic man, whose biography may, however, be
included in these words: "A Breton, a Catholic, and a
AROUND THE WORLD IN
IN WHICH PHILEAS FOGG AND PASSEPARTOUT ACCEPT
EACH OTHER, THE ONE AS MASTER, THE OTHER AS
MR. PHILEAS FOGG lived, in 1872, at No. 7, Saville Row,
Burlington Gardens, the house in which Sheridan died in
1814. He was one of the most noticeable members of the
Reform Club, though he seemed always to avoid attracting
attention; an enigmatical personage, about whom little
was known, except that he was a polished man of the world.
People said that he resembled Byron,-at least that his
head was Byronic; but he was a bearded, tranquil Byron,
who might live on a thousand years without growing old.
Certainly an Englishman it was more doubtful whether
2 AROUND THE WORLD IN EIGHTY DAYS.
Phileas Fogg was a Londoner. He was never seen on
'Change, nor at the Bank, nor in the counting-rooms of-the
" City ;" no ships ever came into London docks of which
he was the owner; he had no public employment; he had
never been entered at any of the- Inns of Court, either at
the Temple, or Lincoln's Inn,'or Gray's Inn; nor had his
voice ever resounded in the Court of Chancery, or in the
Exchequer, or the Queen's Bench, or the Ecclesiastical
Courts. He certainly was not a manufacturer; nor was he
a merchant or a gentleman farmer. His name was strange
to the scientific and learned societies, and he never was
known to take part in the sage deliberations of the Royal
Institution or the London Institution, the Artisan's Asso-
ciation or the Institution of Arts and Sciences. He
belonged, in fact, to none of the numerous societies which
swarm in the English capital, from the Harmonic to that
of the Entomologists, founded mainly for the purpose of
abolishing, pernicious insects.
Phileas Fogg was a member of the Reform, and that
The way in which he got admission to this exclusive
club was simple enough.
He was recommended by the Barings, with whom he
had an open credit. His checks were regularly paid at
siglht from his account current, which was always flush.
Was Phileas Fogg rich ? Undoubtedly. But those who
AROUND TIE WORLD IN EIGHTY DAYS. 3
knew him best could not imagine how he had made his
fortune, and Mr. Fogg was the last person to whom to
apply for the information. He was not lavish, nor, on the
contrary, avaricious; for whenever he knew that money
was needed for a noble, useful, or benevolent purpose, he
supplied it quietly, and sometimes anonymously. He was,
in short, the least communicative of men. He talked very
little, and seemed all the more mysterious for his taciturn
manner. His daily habits were quite open to observation;
but whatever he did was so exactly the same thing that he
had always done before, that the wits of the curious were
Had he travelled ? It was likely, for no one seemed to.
know the world more familiarly; there was no spot so@
secluded that he did not appear to have an intimate
acquaintance with it. He often corrected, with a few clear
words, the thousand conjectures advanced by members of
the club as to lost and unheard-of travellers, pointing out
the true probabilities, and seeming as if gifted with a sort
of second sight, so often did events justify his predictions.
He must have travelled everywhere, at least in the spirit.
It was at least certain that Phileas Fogg had not
absented himself from London for many years. Those
who were honoured by a better acquaintance with him
than the rest, declared that nobody could pretend to have
ever seen him anywhere else. His sole pastimes were
4 AROUND THE WORLD IN EIGHTY DAYS.
reading the papers and playing-whist. He often won at
this game, which, as a silent one, harmonized with his
nature; but his winnings never went into his purse, being
reserved as a fund for his charities. Mr. Fogg played, not
to win, but for the sake of playing. The game was in his
eyes a contest, a struggle with a difficulty, yet a motionless,
unwearying struggle, congenial to his tastes.
Phileas Fogg was not known to have either wife or chil-
dren, which may happen to the most honest people; either
relatives or near friends, which is certainly more unusual.
.He lived alone in his house in Saville Row, whither none
penetrated. A single domestic sufficed to serve him. He
breakfasted and dined at the club, at hours mathematically
fixed, in the same room, at the same table, never taking his
meals with other members, much less bringing a guest with
him ; and went home at exactly midnight, only to retire at
once to bed. He never used the cosy chambers which the
Reform provides for its favoured members. He passed ten
hours out of the twenty-four in Saville Row, either in sleep-
ing or making his toilet. When he chose to take a walk, it
was with a regular step in the entrance hall with its mosaic
flooring, or in the circular gallery with its dome supported
by twenty red porphyry Ionic columns,-and illumined by
blue painted windows. When he breakfasted or dined, all
the resources of the club-its kitchens and pantries, its
buttery and dairy-aided to crowd his table with their
AROUND THE WORLD IN EIGHTY DAYS. 5
most succulent stores; he was served by the gravest
waiters, in dress coats, and shoes with swan-skin soles, who
proffered the viands in special porcelain, and on the finest
linen ; club decanters, of a lost mould, contained his sherry,
his port, and his cinnamon-spiced claret; while his
beverages were refreshingly cooled with ice, brought at
great cost from the American lakes.
If to live in this style is to be eccentric, it must
be confessed that there is something good in eccen-
The mansion in Saville Row, though not sumptuous,
was exceedingly comfortable. The habits of its occupant
were such as to demand but little from the sole domestic ;
but Phileas Fogg required him to be almost superhumanly
prompt and regular. On this very 2nd of October he had,
dismissed James Forster, because that luckless youth had;
brought him shaving-water at eighty-four degrees Fahren-
heit instead of eighty-six; and he was awaiting his suc-
cessor, who was due at the house between eleven and
Phileas Fogg was seated squarely in his arm-chair, his
feet close together like those of a grenadier on parade, his
hands resting on his knees, his body straight, his head
erect; he was steadily watching a complicated clock which
indicated the hours, the minutes, the seconds, the days, the
months, and the years. At exactly half-past eleven
6 AROUND THE WORLD IN EIGHTY DAYS.
Mr. Fogg would, according to his daily habit, quit Saville
Row, and repair to the Reform.
A rap at this moment sounded on the door of the cosy
apartment where Phileas Fogg was seated, and James
Forster, the dismissed servant, appeared.
The new servant," said he.
A young man of thirty advanced and bowed.
"You are a Frenchman, I believe," asked Phileas Fogg,
C'and your name is John ?"
Jean, if monsieur pleases," replied the new-comer, Jean
Passepartout, a surname which has clung to me because I
have a natural aptness for going out of one business into
.another, I believe I'm honest, monsieur, but, to be out-
:spoken, I've had several trades. I've been an itinerant
-singer, a circus-rider, when I used to vault like Leotard,
and dance on a rope like Blondin. Then I got to be a
professor of gymnastics, so as to make better use of my
talents; and then I was a sergeant fireman at Paris, and
assisted at many a big fire. But I quitted France five
years ago, and, wishing to taste the sweets of domestic life,
took service as a valet here in England. Finding myself
out of place, and hearing that Monsieur Phileas Fogg was
the most exact and settled gentleman in the United King-
dom, I have come to monsieur in the hope of living with
him a tranquil life, and forgetting even the name of
AROUND THE WORLD IN EIGHTY DAYS. 7
"Passepartout suits me," responded Mr. Fogg. "You
are well recommended to me ; I hear a good report of you.
You know my conditions ?"
"Good. What time is it ?"
"Twenty-two minutes after eleven," returned Passe-
partout, drawing an enormous silver watch from the depths
of his pocket.
"You are too slow," said Mr. Fogg.
Pardon me, monsieur, it is impossible-"
"You are four minutes too slow. No matter; it's enough
to mention the error. Now from this moment, twenty-nine
minutes after eleven, a.m., this Wednesday, October 2nd,
you are in my service."
Phileas Fogg got up, took his hat in his left hand, put it
on his head with an automatic motion, and went off
without a word.
Passepartout heard the street door shut once; it was his
new master going out. He heard it shut again; it was his
predecessor, James Forster, departing in his turn. Passe-
partout remained alone in the house in Saville Row.
8 AROUND TIE WORLD IN EIGHTY DAYS.
IN WHICH PASSEPARTOUT IS CONVINCED THAT HE HAS
AT LAST FOUND HIS IDEAL.
" FAITH," muttered Passepartout, somewhat flurried, I've
seen people at Madame Tussaud's as lively as my new
Madame Tussaud's "people," let it be said, are of wax,
and are much visited in London; speech is all that is
wanting to make them human.
During his brief interview with Mr. Fogg, Passepartout
had been carefully observing him. He appeared to be a
man about forty years of age, with fine, handsome features,
and a tall, well-shaped figure; his hair and whiskers were
light, his forehead compact and unwrinkled, his face rather
pale, his teeth magnificent. His countenance possessed in
the highest degree what physiognomists call "repose in
action," a quality of those who act rather than talk. Calm
and phlegmatic, with a clear eye, Mr. Fogg seemed a
perfect type of that English composure which Angelica
AROUND THE WORLD IN EIGHTY DAYS. 9
Kauffmann has so skilfully represented on canvas. Seen
in the various phases of his daily life, he gave the idea of
being perfectly well-balanced, as exactly regulated as a
Leroy chronometer. Phileas Fogg was, indeed, exactitude
personified, and this was betrayed even in the expression of
his very hands and feet; for in men, as well as in animals,
the limbs themselves are expressive of the passions.
He was so exact that he was never in a hurry, was
always ready, and was economical alike of his steps and his
motions. He never took one step too many, and always
went to his destination by the shortest cut; he made no
superfluous gestures, and was never seen to be moved or
agitated. He was the most deliberate person in the world,
yet always reached his destination at the exact moment.
He lived alone, and so to speak, outside of every social
relation; and as he knew that in this world account must
be taken of friction, and that friction retards, he never
rubbed against anybody.
As for Passepartout, he was a true Parisian of Paris.
Since he had abandoned his own country for England,
taking service as a valet, he had in vain searched for a
master after his own heart. Passepartout was by no means
one of those pert dunces depicted by Moliere, with a bold
gaze and a nose held high in the air; he was an honest
fellow, with a pleasant face, lips a trifle protruding, soft-
mannered and serviceable, with a good round head, such
10 AROUND THE WORLD IN EIGHTY DAYS.
as one likes to see on the shoulders of a friend. His eyes
were blue, his complexion rubicund, his figure almost portly
and well built, his body muscular, and his physical powers
fully developed by the exercises of his younger days. His
brown hair was somewhat tumbled; for while the ancient
sculptors are said to have known eighteen methods of
arranging Minerva's tresses, Passepartout was familiar with
but one of dressing his own: three strokes of a large-tooth
comb completed his toilet.
It would be rash to predict how Passepartout's lively
nature would agree with Mr. Fogg. It was impossible to
tell whether the new servant would turn out as absolutely
methodical as his master required ; experience alone could
solve the question. Passepartout had been a sort of vagrant
in his early years, and now yearned for repose; but so far
he had failed to find it, though he had already served in
ten English houses. But he could not take root in any of
these; with chagrin he found his masters invariably whim-
sical and irregular, constantly running about the country,
or on the look-out for adventure. His last master, young
Lord Longferry, Member of Parliament, after passing his
nights in the Haymarket taverns, was too often brought
home in the morning on policemen's shoulders. Passe-
partout, desirous of respecting the gentleman whom he
served, ventured a mild remonstrance on such conduct;
which being ill received, he took his leave. Hearing that
AROUND THE WORLD IN EIGHTY DAYS.
Mr. Phileas Fogg was looking for a servant, and that his
life was one of unbroken regularity, that he neither travelled
nor stayed from home overnight, he felt sure that this
would be the place he was after. He presented himself,
and was accepted, as has been seen.
At half-past eleven, then, Passepartout found himself
alone in the house in Saville Row. He began its inspection
without delay, scouring it from cellar to garret. So clean,
well-arranged, solemn a mansion pleased him; it seemed
to him like a snail's shell, lighted and warmed by gas,
which sufficed for both these purposes. When Passepartout
reached the second story, he recognized at once the room
which he was to inhabit, and he was well satisfied with it.
Electric bells and speaking-tubes afforded communication
with the lower stories; while on the mantel stood an
electric clock, precisely like that in Mr. Fogg's bedchamber,
both beating the same second at the same instant. That's
good, that'll do," said Passepartout to himself.
He suddenly observed, hung over the clock, a card
which, upon inspection, proved to be a programme
of the daily routine of the house. It comprised all that
was required of the servant, from eight in the morning,
exactly at which hour Phileas Fogg rose, till half-past
eleven, when he left the house for the Reform Club,-all
the details of service, the tea and toast at twenty-three
minutes past eight, the shaving-water at thirty-seven minutes
12 AROUND T-HE WORLD IN EIGHTY DAYS.
past nine, and the toilet at twenty minutes before ten
Everything was regulated and foreseen that was to be done
from half-past eleven a.m. till midnight, the hour at which
the methodical gentleman retired.
Mr. Fogg's wardrobe was amply supplied and in the best
taste. Each pair of trousers, coat, and vest bore a number,
indicating the time of year and season at which they were
in turn to be laid out for wearing; and the same system
was applied to the master's shoes. In short, the house in
Saville Row, which must have been a very temple of
disorder and unrest under the illustrious but dissipated
Sheridan, was cosiness, comfort, and method idealized.
There was no study, nor were there books, which would
have been quite useless to Mr. Fogg; for at the Reform
two libraries, one of general literature and the other of
law and politics, were at his service. A moderate-sized
safe stood in his bedroom, constructed so as to defy fire as
well as burglars; but Passepartout found neither arms nor
hunting weapons anywhere; everything betrayed the most
tranquil and peaceable habits.
Having scrutinized the house from top to bottom, he
rubbed his hands, a broad smile overspread his features,
and he said joyfully, This is just what I wanted Ah,
we shall get on together, Mr. Fogg and I! What a do-
mestic and regular gentleman! A real machine; well, I
don't mind serving a machine.
AROUND TIE WORLD IN EIGHTY DAYS.
IN WHICH A CONVERSATION TAKES PLACE WHICH SEEMS
LIKELY TO COST PHILEAS FOGG DEAR.
PHILEAS FOGG, having shut the door of his house at half-
past eleven, and having put his right foot before his left
five hundred and seventy-five times, and his left foot before
his right five hundred and seventy-six times, reached the
Reform Club, an imposing edifice in Pall Mall, which
could not have cost less than three millions. He repaired
at once to the dining-room, the nine windows of which
open upon a tasteful garden, where the trees were already
gilded with an autumn colouring; and took his place at
the habitual table, the cover of which had already been laid
for him. His breakfast consisted of a side-dish, a broiled
fish with Reading sauce, a scarlet slice of roast. beef
garnished with mushrooms; a rhubarb and gooseberry
tart, and a morsel of Cheshire cheese, the whole being
washed down with several cups of tea, for which the
14 AROUND TIE WORLD IN EIGHTY DAYS.
Reform is famous. He rose at thirteen minutes to
one, and directed his steps towards the large hall, -a
sumptuous apartment adorned with lavishly-framed paint-
ings. A flunkey handed him an uncut Times, which he
proceeded to cut with a skill which betrayed familiarity
with this delicate operation. The perusal of this paper
absorbed Phileas Fogg until a quarter before four,
whilst the Standard, his next task, occupied him till the
dinner hour. Dinner passed as breakfast had done, and
Mr. Fogg reappeared in the reading-room and sat down
to the Pall Mall at- twenty minutes before six. Half
an hour later several members of the Reform came
in and drew up to the fireplace, where a coal fire was
steadily burning. They were Mr. Fogg's usual partners
at whist: Andrew Stuart, an engineer; John Sullivan
and Samuel Fallentin, bankers; Thomas Flanagan, a
brewer; and Gauthier Ralph, one of the Directors of the
Bank of England ;-all rich and highly respectable per-
sonages, even in a club which comprises the princes of
English trade and finance.
"Well, Ralph," said Thomas Flanagan, "what about
Oh," replied Stuart, "the bank will lose the money."
On the contrary," broke in Ralph, "I hope we may
put our hands on the robber. Skilful detectives have
been sent to all the principal ports of America and the
AROUND THE WORLD IN EIGIITY DAYS.
Continent, and he'll be a clever fellow if he slips through
"But have you got the robber's description ?" asked
In the first place, he is no robber at all," returned Ralph,
What! a fellow who makes off with fifty-five thousand
pounds, no robber ?"
"Perhaps he's a manufacturer, then."
"The Daily Telegrapl says that he is a gentleman."
It was Phileas Fogg, whose head now emerged from
behind his newspapers, who made this remark. He bowed
to his friends, and entered into the conversation. The
affair which formed its subject, and which was town talk,
had occurred three days before at the Bank of England.
A package of bank-notes, to the value of fifty-five thousand
pounds, had been taken from the principal cashier's table,
that functionary being at the moment engaged in register-
ing the receipt of three shillings and sixpence. Of course
he could not have his eyes everywhere. Let it be observed
that the Bank of England reposes a touching confidence
h~ the honesty of the public. There are neither guards
nor gratings to protect its treasures; gold, silver, bank-
notes are freely exposed, at the mercy of the first comer.
A keen observer of English customs relates that, being in
16 AROUND THE WORLD IN EIGHTY DAYS.
one of the rooms of the Bank one day, he had the curio-
sity to examine a gold ingot weighing some seven or
eight pounds. He took it up, scrutinized it, passed it to
his neighbour, he to the next man, and so on until the
ingot, going from hand to hand, was transferred to the
end of a dark entry; nor did it return to its place for half
an hour. Meanwhile, the cashier had not so much as
raised his head. But in the present instance things had
not gone so smoothly. The package of notes not being
found when five o'clock sounded from the ponderous clock
in the "drawing office," the amount was passed to the
account of profit and loss. As soon as the robbery was
discovered, picked detectives hastened off to Liverpool,
Glasgow, Havre, Suez, Brindisi, New York, and other
ports, inspired by the proffered reward of two thousand
pounds, and five per cent. on the sum that might be
recovered. Detectives were also charged with narrowly
watching those who arrived at or left London by rail, and
a judicial examination was at once entered upon.
There were real grounds for supposing, as the Daily
Telegrap said, that the thief did not belong to a pro-
fessional band. On the day of the robbery a well-dressed
gentleman of polished manners, and with a well-to-do air,
had been observed going to and fro in the paying-room,
where the crime was committed. A description of him was
easily procured, and sent to the detectives ; and some hope-
AROUND THE WORLD IN EIGHTY DAYS. 17
ful spirits, of whom Ralph was one, did not despair of
his apprehension. The papers and clubs were full of
the affair, and everywhere people were discussing the
probabilities of a successful pursuit; and the Reform
Club was especially agitated, several of its members
being Bank officials.
Ralph would not concede that the work of the detectives
was likely to be in vain, for he thought that the prize
offered would greatly stimulate their zeal and activity.
But Stuart was far from sharing this confidence; and as
they placed themselves at the whist-table, they continued
to argue the matter. Stuart and Flanagan played together,
while Phileas Fogg had Fallentin for his partner. As the
game proceeded the conversation ceased, excepting between,
the rubbers, when it revived again.
"I maintain," said Stuart, "that the chances are int
favour of the thief, who must be a shrewd fellow."
"Well, but where can he fly to ?" asked Ralph. "No.
country is safe for him."
Where could he go, then ?"
"Oh, I don't know that. The world is big enough."
"It was once," said Phileas Fogg, in a low tone. "Cut,
sir," he added, handing the cards to Thomas Flanagan.
The discussion fell during the rubber, after which Stuart
took up its thread.
18 AROUND TIE WORLD IN EIGHTY DAYS.
"What do you mean by 'once'? Has the world grown
Certainly," returned Ralph. I agree with Mr. Fogg.
The world has grown smaller, since a man can now go
round it ten times more quickly than a hundred years ago.
And that is why the search for this thief will be more
likely to succeed."
"And also why the thief can get away more easily."
"Be so good as to play, Mr. Stuart," said Phileas Fogg.
But the incredulous Stuart was not convinced, and
when the hand was finished, said eagerly: "You have a
strange way, Ralph, of proving that the world has grown
smaller. So, because you can go round it in three
"In eighty days," interrupted Phileas Fogg.
"That is true, gentlemen," added John Sullivan. "Only
eighty days, now that the section between Rothal and
Allahabad, on the Great Indian Peninsula Railway, has
been opened. Here is the estimate made by the Daily
From London to Suez vid Mont Cenis and
Brindisi, by rail and steamboats 7 days.
From Suez to Bombay, by steamer 13 ,
From Bombay to Calcutta, by rail 3 ,
From Calcutta to Hong Kong, by steamer 13
AROUND THE WORLD IN EIGHTY DAYS. 19
From Hong Kong to Yokohama (Japan), by
steamer 6 days.
From Yokohama to San Francisco, by
steamer 22 ,,
From San Francisco to New York, by rail 7 ,,
From New York to London, by steamer and
Total 8o days.
"Yes, in eighty days!" exclaimed Stuart, who in his
excitement made a false deal. "But that doesn't take
into account bad weather, contrary winds, shipwrecks, rail-
way accidents, and so on."
"All included," returned Phileas Fogg, continuing to
play despite the discussion.
"But suppose the Hindoos or Indians pull up the
rails," replied Stuart; suppose they stop the trains, pillage
the luggage-vans, and scalp the passengers!"
"All included," calmly retorted Fogg; adding, as he
threw down the cards, "Two trumps."
Stuart, whose turn it was to deal, gathered them up,
and went on: "You are right theoretically, Mr. Fogg, but
"Practically also, Mr. Stuart."
I'd like to see you do it in eighty days."
20 AROUND THE WORLD IN EIGHTY DAYS.
"It depends on you. Shall we go ?"
Heaven preserve me! But I would wager four thousand
pounds that such a journey, made under these conditions,
"Quite possible, on the contrary," returned Mr. Fogg.
"Well, make it, then !"
The journey round the world in eighty days ?"
I should like nothing better."
"At once. Only I warn you that I shall do it at your
"It's absurd!" cried Stuart, who was beginning to be
annoyed at the persistency of his friend. Come, let's go
on with the game."
Deal over again, then," said Phileas Fogg. "There's
a false deal."
Stuart took up the pack with a feverish hand; then
suddenly put them down again.
Well, Mr. Fogg," said he, "it shall be so: I will wager
the four thousand on it."
Calm yourself, my dear Stuart," said Fallentin. It's
only a joke."
"When I say I'll wager," returned Stuart, "I
"All right," said Mr. Fogg; and, turning to the- others,
"Well, Mr. Fogg," said he, "it shall be so: I will wager 4o00
on it! "
AROUND TIE WORLD IN EIGHTY DAYS.
he continued, "I have a deposit of twenty thousand at
Baring's which I will willingly risk upon it."
"Twenty thousand pounds!" cried Sullivan. "Twenty
thousand pounds, which you would lose by a single acci-
The unforeseen does not exist," quietly replied Phileas
But, Mr. Fogg, eighty days are only the estimate of
the least possible time in which the journey can'be made."
"A well-used minimum suffices for everything."
"But, in order not to exceed it, you must jump mathe-
matically from the trains upon the steamers, and from the
steamers upon the trains again."
"I will jump-mathematically."
"You are joking."
"A true Englishman doesn't joke when he is talking
about so serious a thing as a wager," replied Phileas Fogg,
solemnly. "I will bet twenty thousand pounds against
any one who wishes, that I will make the tour of the world
in eighty days or less; in nineteen hundred and twenty
hours, or a hundred and fifteen thousand two hundred
minutes. Do you accept?"
"We accept," replied Messrs. Stuart, Fallentin, Sullivan,
Flanagan, and Ralph, after consulting each other.
"Good," said Mr. Fogg. "The train leaves for Dover
at a quarter before nine. I will take it."
22 AROUND THE WORLD IN EIGHTY DAYS.
"This very evening ?" asked Stuart.
"This very evening," returned Phileas Fogg. He took
out and consulted a pocket almanac, and added, "As to-
day is Wednesday, the second of October, I shall be due
in London, in this very room of the Reform Club, on
Saturday, the twenty-first of December, at a quarter before
nine p.m.; or else the twenty thousand pounds, now deposited
in my name at Baring's, will belong to you, in fact and in
right, gentlemen. Here is a check for the amount."
A memorandum of the wager was at once drawn up and
signed by the six parties, during which Phileas Fogg pre-
served a stoical composure. He certainly did not bet to
win, and had only staked the twenty thousand pounds,
half of his fortune, because he foresaw that he might have
to expend the other half to carry out this difficult, not to
say unattainable, project. As for his antagonists, they
seemed much agitated; not so much by the value of their
stake, as because they had some scruples about betting
under conditions so difficult to their friend.
The clock struck seven, and the party offered to suspend
the game so that Mr. Fogg might make his preparations
"I am quite ready now," was his tranquil response.
" Diamonds are trumps: be so good as to play, gentlemen."
AROUND THE WORLD IN EIGHTY DAYS.
IN WHICH PHILEAS FOGG ASTOUNDS PASSEPARTOUT,
HAVING won twenty guineas at whist, and taken leave of
his friends, Phileas Fogg, at twenty-five minutes past seven,
left the Reform Club.
Passepartout, who had conscientiously studied the pro-
gramme of his duties, was more than surprised to see his
master guilty of the inexactness of appearing at this un-
accustomed hour; for, according to rule, he was not due
in Saville Row until precisely midnight.
Mr. Fogg repaired to his bedroom, and called out,
Passepartout did not reply. It could not be he who was
called ; it was not the right hour.
"Passepartout!" repeated Mr. Fogg, without raising his
Passepartout made his appearance.
24 AROUND THE WORLD IN EIGHTY DAYS.
I've called you twice," observed his master.
But it is not midnight," responded the other, showing
"I know it; I don't blame you. We start for Dover and
Calais in ten minutes."
A puzzled grin overspread Passepartout's round face;
clearly he had not comprehended his master.
"Monsieur is going to leave home ?"
"Yes," returned Phileas Fogg. "We are going round
Passepartout opened wide his eyes, raised his eyebrows,
held up his hands, and seemed about to collapse, so over-
come was he with stupefied astonishment.
"Round the world !" he murmured.
"In eighty days," responded Mr. Fogg. "So we haven't
a moment to lose."
"But the trunks ?" gasped Passepartout, unconsciously
swaying his head from right to left.
"We'll have no trunks; only a carpet-bag, with
two shirts and three pairs of stockings for me, and the
same for you. We'll buy our clothes on the way.
Bring down my mackintosh and travelling-cloak, and some
stout shoes, though we shall do little walking. Make
Passepartout tried to reply, but could not. He went out,
mounted to his own room, fell into a chair, and muttered :
AROUND THE WORLD IN EIGHTY DAYS.
"That's good, that is! And I, who wanted to remain
He mechanically set about making the preparations
for departure. Around the world in eighty days! Was
his master a fool? No. Was this a joke, then ? They
were going to Dover; good. To Calais; good again.
After all, Passepartout, who had been away from France
five years, would not be sorry to set foot on his native soil
again. Perhaps they would go as far as Paris, and it would
do his eyes good t6 see Paris once more. But surely
a gentleman so. chary of his steps would stop there; no
doubt,-but, then, it was none the less true that he was
going away, this so domestic person hitherto!
By eight o'clock Passepartout had packed the modest
carpet-bag, containing the wardrobes of his master and
himself; then, still troubled in mind, he carefully shut the
door of his room, and descended to Mr. Fogg.
Mr. Fogg was quite ready. Under his arm might have
been observed a red-bound copy of "Bradshaw's Con-
tinental Railway Steam Transit and General Guide,"
with its time-tables showing the arrival and departure of
steamers and railways. He took the carpet-bag, opened
it, and slipped into it a goodly roll of Bank of England
notes, which would pass wherever he might go.
"You have forgotten nothing ?" asked he.
26 AROUND THE WORLD IN EIGHTY DAYS.
"My mackintosh and cloak ?"
Here they are."
"Good. Take this carpet-bag," handing it to Passepar-
tout. "Take good care of it, for there are twenty thousand
pounds in it."
Passepartout nearly dropped the bag, as if the twenty
thousand pounds were in gold, and weighed him
Master and man then descended, the street-door was
double-locked, and at the end of Saville Row they took
a cab and drove rapidly to Charing Cross. The cab
stopped before the railway station at twenty minutes past
eight. Passepartout jumped off the box and followed his
master, who, after paying the cabman, was about to enter
the station, when a poor beggar-woman, with a child in
her arms, her naked feet smeared with mud, her head
covered with a wretched bonnet, from which hung a
tattered feather, and her shoulders shrouded in a ragged
shawl, approached, and mournfully asked for alms.
Mr. Fogg took out the twenty guineas he had just won
at whist, and handed them to the beggar, saying, "IHere,
my good woman. I'm glad that I met you;" and passed
Passepartout had a moist sensation about the eyes; his
master's action touched his susceptible heart.
Two first-class tickets for Paris having been speedily
A poor mendicant.
AROUND TIE WORLD IN EIGHTY DAYS.
purchased, Mr. Fogg was crossing the station to the train,
when he perceived his five friends of the Reform.
"Well, gentlemen," said he, "I'm off, you see; and if
you will examine my passport when I get back, you will
be able to judge whether I have accomplished the journey
"Oh, that would be quite unnecessary, Mr. Fogg," said
Ralph, politely. "We will trust your word, as a gentle-
man of honour."
"You do not forget when you are due in London again ?"
"In eighty days; on Saturday, the 2Ist of December,
1872, at a quarter before nine p.m. Good-bye, gentle-
Phileas Fogg and his servant seated themselves in a first-
class carriage at twenty minutes before nine; five minutes
later the whistle screamed, and the train slowly glided out
of the station.
The night was dark,'and a fine, steady rain was falling.
Philcas Fogg, snugly ensconced in his corner, did not open
his lips. Passepartout, not yet recovered from his stupe-
faction, clung mechanically to the carpet-bag, with its
Just as the train was whirling through Sydenham,
Passepartout suddenly uttered a cry of despair.
"What's the matter?" asked Mr. Fogg.
28 AROUND THE WORLD IN EIGHTY DAYS.
"Alas In my hurry-I-I forgot -"
To turn off the gas in my room !"
"Very well, young man," returned Mr. Fogg, coolly;
"it will burn-at your expense."
AROUND TIE WORLD IN EIGHTY DAYS. 29
IN WIICII A NEW SPECIES OF FUNDS, UNKNOWN TO
THE MONEYED MEN, APPEARS ON 'CHANGE.
PIIILEAS FOGG rightly suspected that his departure from
London would create a lively sensation at the West End.
The news of the bet spread through the Reform Club, and
afforded an exciting topic of conversation to its members.
From the Club it soon got into the papers throughout
England. The boasted "tour of the world" was talked
about, disputed, argued with as much warmth as if the
subject were another Alabama claim. Some took sides
with Phileas Fogg, but the large majority shook their
heads and declared against him ; it was absurd, impossible,
they declared, that the tour of the world could be made,
except theoretically and on paper, in this minimum of
time, and with the existing means of travelling. The
Times, Stand'ard, Morning Post, and Daily News, and
twenty other highly respectable newspapers scouted
30 AROUND TIE WORLD IN EIGHTY DAYS.
Mr. Fogg's project as madness; the Daily Telegraph alone
hesitatingly supported him. People in general thought
him a lunatic, and blamed his Reform Club friends for
having accepted a .wager which betrayed the mental
aberration of its proposer.
Articles no less passionate than logical appeared on the
question, for geography is one of the pet subjects of the
English; and the columns devoted to Phileas Fogg's ven-
ture were eagerly devoured by all classes of. readers. At
first some rash individuals, principally of the gentler sex,
espoused his cause, which became still more popular when
the Illustrated London News came out with his portrait,
copied from a photograph in the Reform Club. A
few readers of the Daily Telegraph even dared to say,
"Why not, after all? Stranger things have come to
At last a long article appeared, on the 7th of October, in
the bulletin of the Royal Geographical Society, which
treated the question from every point of view, and demon-
strated the utter folly of the enterprise.
Everything, it said, was against the travellers, every
obstacle imposed alike by man and by nature. A mira-
culous agreement of the times of departure and arrival,
which .was impossible, was absolutely necessary to his
success.: He might, perhaps, reckon on the arrival of trains
at the designated hours, in Europe, where the distances
Readers of all classes devoured the news relating to Phileas Fogg.
AROUND THE WORLD IN EIGHTY DAYS.
were relatively moderate; but when he calculated upon
crossing India in three days, and the United States in
seven, could he rely beyond misgiving upon accomplishing
his task ? There were accidents to machinery, the liability
of trains -to run off the line, collisions, bad weather, the
blocking up by snow,-were not all these against Phileas
Fogg ? Would he not find himself, when travelling by
steamer in winter, at the mercy of the winds and fogs ? Is
it uncommon for the best ocean steamers to be two or
three days behind time? But a single delay would suffice
to fatally break the chain of communication; should
Phileas Fogg once miss, even by an hour, a steamer, he
would have to wait for the next, and that would
irrevocably render his attempt vain.
This article made a great deal of noise, and being copied
into all the papers, seriously depressed the advocates of
the rash tourist.
Everybody knows that England is the world of betting
men, who are of a higher class than mere gamblers; to bet
is in the English temperament. Not only the members -of
the Reform, but the general public, made heavy wagers for
or against Phileas Fogg, who was set down in the betting
books as if he were a race-horse. Bonds were issued, and
made their appearance on'Change; "Phileas Fogg bonds"
were offered at par or at a premium, and a great business
was done in them. But five days after the article in the
32 AROUND THE WORLD IN EIGHTY DAYS.
bulletin of the Geographical Society appeared, the demand
began to subside : Phileas Fogg declined. They were
offered by packages, at first of five, then of ten, until at
last nobody would take less than twenty, fifty, a hundred !
Lord Albemarle, an elderly paralytic gentleman, was
now the only advocate of Phileas Fogg left. This noble
lord, who was fastened to his chair, would have given his
fortune to be able to make the tour of the world, if it took
ten years; and he bet five thousand pounds on Phileas
Fogg. When the folly as well as the uselessness of the
adventure was pointed out to him, he contented himself
with replying, "If the thing is feasible, the first to do it
ought to be an Englishman."
The Fogg party dwindled more and more, everybody
was going against him, and the bets stood a hundred and
fifty and two hundred to one; and a week after his de-
parture, an incident occurred which deprived him of
backers at any price.
The commissioner of police was sitting in his office at
nine o'clock one evening, when the following telegraphic
despatch was put into his hands:-
Suez to London.
ROWAN, COMMISSIONER OF POLICE, SCOTLAND YARD :
I've found the bank robber, Phileas Fogg. Send without
delay warrant of arrest to Bombay.
AROUND THE WORLD IN EIGHTY DAYS.
The effect of this despatch was instantaneous. The
polished gentleman disappeared to give place to the bank
robber. His photograph, which was hung with those of
the rest of the members at the Reform Club, was minutely
examined, and it betrayed, feature by feature, the descrip-
tion of the robber which had been provided to the police.
The mysterious habits of Phileas Fogg were recalled; his
solitary ways, his sudden departure; and it seemed clear
that, in undertaking a tour round the world on the pretext
of a wager, he had had no other end in view than to elude
the detectives, and throw them off his track.
34 AROUND THE WORLD IN EIGHTY DAYS.
IN WHICH FIX, THE DETECTIVE, BETRAYS A VERY
THE circumstances under which this telegraphic despatch
about Phileas Fogg was sent were as follows :-
The steamer Mongolia," belonging to the Peninsula
and Oriental Company, built of iron, of two thousand eight
hundred tons burden, and five hundred horse-power, was
due at eleven o'clock a.m. on Wednesday, the 9th of
October, at Suez. The "Mongdlia" plied regularly be-
tween Brindisi and Bombay vid the Suez Canal, and was
one of the fastest steamers belonging to the company,
always making more than ten knots an hour between
Brindisi and Suez, and nine and a half between Suez and
Two men were promenading up and down the wharves,
among the crowd of natives and strangers who were
sojourning at this once straggling village-now, thanks to
AROUND THE WORLD IN EIGHTY DAYS. 35
the enterprise of M. Lesseps, a fast-growing town. One
was the British consul at Suez, who, despite the prophecies
of the English Government, and the unfavourable predic-
tions of Stephenson, was in the habit of seeing, from his
office window, English ships daily passing to and fro on
the great canal, by which the old roundabout route from
England to India by the Cape of Good Hope was abridged
by at least a half. The other was a small, slight-built per-
sonage, with a nervous, intelligent face, and bright eyes
peering out from under eyebrows which he was incessantly
twitching. He was just now manifesting unmistakable
signs of impatience, nervously pacing up and down, and
unable to stand still for a moment. This was Fix, one of
the detectives who had been despatched from England in
search of the bank robber; it was his task to narrowly
watch every passenger who arrived at Suez, and to follow
up all who seemed to be suspicious characters, or bore a
resemblance to the description of the criminal, which he
had received two days before from the police head-quarters
at London. The detective was evidently inspired by the
hope of obtaining the splendid reward which would be the
prize of success, and awaited with a feverish impatience,
easy to understand, the arrival of the steamer "Mongolia."
"So you say, consul," asked he for the twentieth time,
That this steamer is never behind time ?"
"No, Mr. Fix," replied the consul. She was bespoken
36 AROUND TIE WORLD IN EIGHTY DAYS.
yesterday at Port Said, and the rest of the way is of no
account to such a craft. I repeat that the 'Mongolia' has
been in advance of the time required by the company's regu-
lations, and gained the prize awarded for excess of speed."
"Does she come directly from Brindisi ?"
"Directly from Brindisi; she takes on the Indian mails
there, and she left there Saturday at five p.m. Have
patience, Mr. Fix; she will not be late. But really I don't
see how, from the description you have, you will be able to
recognize your man, even if he is on board the 'Mongolia.'"
"A man rather feels the presence of these fellows,
,consul, than recognizes them. You must have a scent
tfor them, and a scent is like a sixth sense which combines
hearing, seeing, and smelling. I've arrested more than
one of these gentlemen in my time, and if my thief is on
board, I'll answer for it, he'll not slip through my fingers."
"I hope so, Mr. Fix, for it was a heavy robbery."
"A magnificent robbery, consul; fifty-five thousand
pounds! We don't often have such windfalls. Burglars
are getting to be so contemptible nowadays! A fellow
gets hung for a handful of shillings !"
Mr. Fix," said the consul, "I like your way of talking,
and hope you'll succeed; but I fear you will find it far
from easy. Don't you see, the description which you have
there has a singular resemblance to an honest man ?"
"Consul," remarked the detective, dogmatically, "great
AROUND THE WORLD IN EIGHTY DAYS. 37
robbers always resemble honest folks. Fellows who have
rascally faces have only one course to take, and that is to
remain honest; otherwise they would be arrested off-hand.
The artistic thing is, to unmask honest countenances; it's
no light task, I admit, but a real art."
Mr. Fix evidently was not wanting in a tinge of self-
Little by little the scene on the quay became more
animated; sailors of various nations, merchants, ship-
brokers, porters, fellahs, bustled to and fro as if the
steamer were immediately expected. The weather was
clear, and slightly chilly. The minarets of the town
loomed above the houses in the pale rays of the sun. A
jetty pier, some two thousand yards long, extended into
the roadstead. A number of fishing-smacks and coasting
boats, some retaining the fantastic fashion of ancient
galleys, were discernible on the Red Sea.
As he passed among the busy crowd, Fix, according
to habit, scrutinized the passers-by with a keen, rapid
It was now half-past ten.
"The steamer doesn't come!" he exclaimed, as the port
"She can't be far off now," returned his companion.
"How long will she stop at Suez ?"
"Four hours; long enough to get in her coal. It is
38 AROUND THE WORLD IN EIGHTY DAYS.
thirteen hundred and ten miles from Suez to Aden, at the
other end of the Red Sea, and she has to take in a fresh
"And does she go from Suez directly to Bombay ?"
"Without putting in anywhere."
"Good," said Fix. If the robber is on board, he will
no doubt get off at Suez, so as to reach the Dutch or
French colonies in Asia by some other route. He ought
to know that he would not be safe an hour in India, which
is English soil."
"Unless," objected the consul, "he is exceptionally
shrewd. An English criminal, you know, is always better
concealed in London than anywhere else."
This observation furnished the detective food for thought,
and meanwhile the consul went away to his office. Fix, left
alone, was more impatient than ever, having a presentiment
that the robber was on board the Mongolia." If he had
indeed left London intending to reach the New World, he
would naturally take the route vid India, which was less
watched and more difficult to watch than that of the Atlantic.
But Fix's reflections were soon interrupted by a succession
of sharp whistles, which announced the arrival of the Mon-
golia." The porters and fellahs rushed down the quay, and
a dozen boats pushed off from the shore to go and meet
the steamer. Soon her gigantic hull appeared passing
along between the banks, and eleven o'clock struck as she
After vigorously repulsing the fellahs who offered their assistance.
AROUND THE WORLD IN EIGHTY DAYS.
anchored in the road. She brought an unusual number
of passengers, some of whom remained on deck to
scan the picturesque panorama of the town, while the
greater part disembarked in the boats, and landed on the
Fix took up a position, and carefully examined each
face and figure which made its appearance. Presently one
of the passengers, after vigorously pushing his way through
the importunate crowd of porters, came up to him, and
politely asked if he could point out the English consulate,
at the same time showing a passport which he wished to
have visaed. Fix instinctively took the passport, and with
a rapid glance read the description of its bearer. An
involuntary motion of surprise nearly escaped him, for
the description in the passport was identical with that of
the bank robber which he had received from Scotland
Is this your passport ?" asked he.
"No, it's my master's."
"And your master is-"
He stayed on board."
"But he must go to the consul's in person, so as to esta-
blish his identity."
"Oh, is that necessary?"
"And where is the consulate?"
40 AROUND THE WORLD IN EIGHTY DAYS.
"There, on the corner of the square," said Fix, pointing
to a house two hundred steps off.
"I'll go and fetch my master, who won't be much
pleased, however, to be disturbed."
The passenger bowed to Fix, and returned to the
AROUND THE WORLD IN EIGHTY DAYS. 41
WHICH ONCE MORE DEMONSTRATES THE USELESSNESS
OF PASSPORTS AS AIDS TO DETECTIVES.
THE detective passed down the quay, and rapidly made
his way to the consul's office, where he was at once
admitted to the presence of that official.
Consul," said he, without preamble, "I have strong
reasons for believing that my man is a passenger on the
'Mongolia.'" And he narrated what had just passed
concerning the passport.
"Well, Mr. Fix," replied the consul, "I shall not be
sorry to see the rascal's face; but perhaps he won't come
here,-that is, if he is the person you suppose him to be.
A robber doesn't quite like to leave traces of his flight
behind him; and besides, he is not obliged to have his
"If he is as shrewd as I think he is, consul, he will
42 AROUND THE WORLD IN EIGHTY DAYS.
"To have his passport visaed.?"
"Yes. Passports are only good for annoying honest
folks, and aiding in the flight of rogues. I assure you it
will be quite the thing for him to do; but I hope you will
not visa the passport."
"Why not ? If the passport is genuine, I have no right
"Still I must keep this man here until I can get a
warrant to arrest him from London."
"Ah, that's your look-out. But I cannot-"
The consul did not finish his sentence, for as he spoke a
knock was heard at the door, and two strangers entered,
one of whom was the servant whom Fix had met on the
quay. The other, who was his master, held out his pass-
port with the request that the consul would do him the
favour to visa it. The consul took the document and care-
fully read it, whilst Fix observed, or rather devoured, the
stranger with his eyes from a corner of the room.
"You are Mr. Phileas Fogg?" said the consul, after
reading the passport.
"And this man is your servant?"
"He is; a Frenchman, named Passepartout."
"You are from London ?"
"And you are going-"
AROUND THE WORLD IN EIGHTY DAYS. 43
"Very good, sir. You know that a visa is useless, and
that no passport is required ?"
"I know it, sir," replied Phileas Fogg; "but I wish to
prove, by your visa, that I came by Suez."
"Very well, sir."
The consul proceeded to sign and date the passport,
after which he added his official seal. Mr. Fogg paid the
customary fee, coldly bowed, and went out, followed by his
"Well ?" queried the detective.
"Well, he looks and acts like a perfectly honest man,"
replied the consul.
"Possibly; but that is not the question. Do you think,
consul, that this phlegmatic gentleman resembles, feature
by feature, the robber whose description I have received ?"
"I concede that; but then, you know, all descrip-
"I'll make certain of it," interrupted Fix. The servant
seems to me less mysterious than the master; besides, he's
a Frenchman, and can't help talking. Excuse me for a
little while, consul."
Fix started off in search of Passepartout.
Meanwhile Mr. Fogg, after leaving the consulate, repaired
to the quay, gave some orders to Passepartout, went off to
the Mongolia in a boat, and descended to his cabin. He
44 AROUND THE WORLD IN EIGHTY DAYS.
took up his note-book, which contained the following
Left London, Wednesday, October 2nd, at 8.45 p.m.
Reached Paris, Thursday, October 3rd, at 7.20 a.m.
Left Paris, Thursday; at 8.40 a.m.
Reached Turin by Mont Cenis, Friday, October 4th, at
"Left Turin, Friday, at 7.2o a.m.
"Arrived at Brindisi, Saturday, October 5th, at 4 p.m.
"Sailed on the 'Mongolia,' Saturday, at 5 p.m.
"Reached Suez, Wednesday, October 9th, at 1 a.m.
"Total of hours spent, 158 ; or, in days, six days and a
These dates were inscribed in an itinerary divided into
columns, indicating the month, the day of the month, and
the day for the stipulated and actual arrivals at each prin-
cipal point,-Paris, Brindisi, Suez, Bombay, Calcutta,
Singapore, Hong Kong, Yokohama, San Francisco, New
York, and London,-from the 2nd of October to the 21st
of December; and giving a space for setting down the
gain made or the loss suffered on arrival at each locality.
This methodical record thus contained an account of every-
thing needed, and Mr. Fogg always knew whether he was
behindhand or in advance of his time. On this Friday,
October 9th, he noted his arrival at Suez, and observed
that ne had as yet neither gained nor lost. He sat dowr
AROUND THE WORLD IN EIGHTY DAYS. 45
quietly to breakfast in his cabin, never once thinking of
inspecting the town, being one of those Englishmen who
are wont to see foreign countries through the eyes of their
46 AROUND THE WORLD IN EIGHTY DAYS.
IN WHICH PASSEPARTOUT TALKS RATHER MORE,
PERHAPS, THAN IS PRUDENT.
FIx soon rejoined Passepartout, who was lounging and
looking about on the quay, as if he did not feel that he, at
least, was obliged not to see anything.
"Well, my friend," said the detective, coming up with
him, is your passport visaed ? "
Ah, it's you, is it, monsieur ?" responded Passepartout.
"Thanks, yes, the passport is all right."
"And you are looking about you ?"
"Yes; but we travel so fast that I seem to be journeying
in a dream. So this is Suez?"
"In Egypt ?"
Certainly, in Egypt."
"And in Africa ?"
" My watch? a family watch! "
AROUND THE WORLD IN EIGHTY DAYS. 47
"In Africa!" repeated Passepartout. "Just think, mon-
sieur, I had no idea that we should go farther than Paris;
and all that I saw of Paris was between twenty minutes
past seven and twenty minutes before nine in the morning,
between the Northern and the Lyons stations, through the
windows of a car, and in a driving rain! How I regret not
having seen once more 1Pre la Chaise and the circus in the
4 "You are in a great hurry, then ?"
"I am not, but my master is. By the way, I must buy
some shoes and shirts. We came away without trunks,
only with a carpet-bag."
"I will show you an excellent shop for getting what you
Really, monsieur, you are very kind."
And they walked off together, Passepartout chatting
volubly as they went along.
"Above all," said he, don't let me lose the steamer."
"You have plenty of time ; it's only twelve o'clock."
Passepartout pulled out his big watch. "Twelve!" he
exclaimed; "why it's only eight minutes before ten."
"Your watch is slow."
My watch ? A family watch, monsieur, which has come
down from my great-grandfather! It doesn't vary five
minutes in the year, it's a perfect chronometer, look you."
"I see how it is," said Fix. "You have kept London
48 AROUND THE WORLD IN EIGHTY DAYS.
time, which is two hours behind that of Suez. You ought
to regulate your watch at noon in each country."
"I regulate my watch ? Never!"
"Well, then, it will not agree with the sun."
"So much the worse for the sun, monsieur. The sun
will be wrong, then !"
And the worthy fellow returned the watch to its fob
with a defiant gesture. After a few minutes' silence, Fix
resumed: "You left London hastily, then ?"
I rather think so Last Friday at eight o'clock in the
evening, Monsieur Fogg came home from his club, and
three quarters of an hour afterwards we were off."
"But where is your master going ?"
"Always straight ahead. He is going round the
"Round the world ?" cried Fix.
"Yes, and in eighty days! He says it is on a wager;
but, between us, I don't believe a word of it. That
wouldn't be common sense. There's something else in the
"Ah! Mr. Fogg is a character, is he ?"
"I should say he was."
"Is he rich ?"
"No doubt, for he is carrying an enormous sum in bran-
new bank notes with him. And he doesn't spare the money
on the way, either: he has offered a large reward to the
AROUND THE WORLD IN EIGHTY DAYS.
engineer of the 'Mongolia' if he gets us to Bombay well in
advance of time."
"And you have known your master a long time ?"
"Why, no; I entered his service the very day we left
The effect of these replies upon the already suspicious
and excited detective may be imagined. The hasty de-
parture from London soon after the robbery; the large
sum carried by Mr. Fogg; his eagerness to reach distant
countries; the pretext of an eccentric and foolhardy bet,-
all confirmed Fix in his theory. He continued to pump
poor Passepartout, and learned that he really knew little
or nothing of his master, who lived a solitary existence in
London, was said to be rich, though no one knew whence-
came his riches, and was mysterious and impenetrable in
his affairs and habits. Fix felt sure that Phileas Fogg-
would not land at Suez, but was really going on to-
"Is Bombay far from here ?" asked Passepartout.
Pretty far. It is a ten days' voyage by sea."
"And in what country is Bombay ?"
"The deuce I was going to tell you,-there's one
thing that worries me,-my burner I"
50 AROUND TIE WORLD IN EIGHTY DAYS.
My gas-burner, which I forgot to turn off, and which is
at this moment burning-at my expense. I have calcu-
lated, monsieur, that I lose two shillings every four and
twenty hours, exactly sixpence more than I earn; and
you will understand that the longer our journey-"
Did Fix pay any attention to Passepartout's trouble
about the gas ? It is not probable. He was not listening,
but was cogitating a project. Passepartout and he had
now reached the shop, where Fix left his companion to
make his purchases, after recommending him not to miss
the steamer, and hurried back to the consulate. Now that
he was fully convinced, Fix had quite recovered his equa-
Consul," said he, I have no longer any doubt. I have
spotted my man. He passes himself off as an odd stick,
who is going round the world in eighty days."
"Then he's a sharp fellow," returned the consul, "and
counts on returning to London after putting the police of
the two continents off his track."
"We'll see about that," replied Fix.
"But are you not mistaken ?"
"I am not mistaken."
"Why was this robber so anxious to prove, by the visa,
that he had passed through Suez ?"
"Why ? I have no idea; but listen to me."
AROUND THE. WORLD IN EIGHTY DAYS.
He reported in a few words the most important parts of
his conversation with Passepartout.
"In short," said the consul, "appearances are wholly
against this man. And what are you going to do ?"
"Send a despatch to London for a warrant of arrest to
be despatched instantly to Bombay, take passage on board
the 'Mongolia,' follow my rogue to India, and there, on
English ground, arrest him politely, with my warrant in
my hand, and my hand on his shoulder."
Having uttered these words with a cool, careless air, the
detective took leave of the consul, and repaired to the
telegraph office, whence he sent the despatch which we
have seen to the London police office. A quarter of an
hour later found Fix, with a small bag in his hand, pro-
ceeding on board the Mongolia;" and ere many moments
longer, the noble steamer rode out at full steam upon the
waters of the Red Sea.
52 AROUND THE WORLD IN EIGHTY DAYS.
IN WHICH THE RED SEA AND THE INDIAN OCEAN
PROVE PROPITIOUS TO THE DESIGNS OF PHILEAS
THE distance between Suez and Aden is precisely thirteen
hundred and ten miles, and the regulations of the company
allow the steamers one hundred and thirty-eight hours in
which to traverse it. The "Mongolia," thanks to the vigorous
exertions of the engineer, seemed likely, so rapid was her
speed, to reach her destination considerably within that
time. The greater part of the passengers from Brindisi
were bound for India-some for Bombay, others for Cal-
cutta by way of Bombay, the nearest route thither, now
that a railway crosses the Indian peninsula. Among the
passengers was a number of officials and military officers
of various grades, the latter being either attached to the
regular British forces, or commanding the Sepoy troops
and receiving high salaries ever since the central govern-
AROUND TIE WORLD IN EIGHTY DAYS.
ment has assumed the powers of the East India Company;
for the sub-lieutenants get 28o/., brigadiers, 24oo00., and
generals of division, 4000oo. What with the military men,
a number of rich young Englishmen on their travels, and
the hospitable efforts of the purser, the time passed quickly
on the "Mongolia." The best of fare was spread upon the
cabin tables at breakfast, lunch, dinner, and the eight
o'clock supper, and the ladies scrupulously changed their
toilets twice a day; and the hours were whiled away, when
the sea was tranquil, with music, dancing, and games.
But the Red Sea is full of caprice, and often boisterous,
like most long and narrow gulfs. When the wind came
from the African or Asian coast, the "Mongolia," with
her long hull, rolled fearfully. Then the ladies speedily
disappeared below; the pianos were silent; singing and
dancing suddenly ceased. Yet the good ship ploughed
straight on, unretarded by wind or wave, towards the
straits of Bab-el-Mandeb. What was Phileas Fogg doing
all this time ? It might be thought that, in his anxiety, he
would be constantly watching the changes of the wind, the
disorderly raging of the billows-every chance, in short,
which might force the "Mongolia" to slacken her speed,
and thus interrupt his journey. But if he thought of these
possibilities, he did not betray the fact by any outward
Always the same impassible member of the Reform
54 AROUND THE WORLD IN EIGHTY DAYS.
Club, whom no incident could surprise, as unvarying as the
ship's chronometers, and seldom having the curiosity even
to go upon the deck, he passed through the memorable
scenes of the Red Sea with cold indifference; did not care
to recognize the historic towns and villages which, along its
borders, raised their picturesque outlines against the sky;
and betrayed no fear of the dangers of the Arabic Gulf,
which the old historians always spoke of with horror, and
upon which the ancient navigators never ventured without
propitiating the gods by ample sacrifices. How did this
eccentric personage pass his time on the "Mongolia" ? He
made his four hearty meals every day, regardless of the
most persistent rolling and pitching on the part of the
steamer; and he played whist indefatigably, for he had
found partners as enthusiastic in the game as himself. A
tax-collector, on the way to his post at Goa; the Rev.
Decimus Smith, returning to his parish at Bombay; and a
brigadier-general of the English army, who was about to
rejoin his brigade at Benares, made up the party, and, with
Mr. Fogg, played whist by the hour together in absorbing
As for Passepartout, he, too, had escaped sea-sickness,
and took his meals conscientiously in the forward cabin.
He rather enjoyed the voyage, for he was well fed and well
lodged, took a great interest in the scenes through which
they were passing, and consoled himself with the delusion
Mr. Fix on the watch.
AROUND THE WORLD IN EIGHTY DAYS.
that his master's whim would end at Bombay. He was
pleased, on the day after- leaving Suez, to find on deck the
obliging person with whom he had walked and chatted on
If I am not mistaken," said he, approaching this person
with his most amiable smile, "you are the gentleman who
so kindly volunteered to guide me at Suez?"
"Ah! I quite recognize you. You are the servant of
the strange Englishman-"
"Just so, Monsieur-"
"Monsieur Fix," resumed Passepartout, "I'm charmed
to find you on board. Where are you bound ?"
"Like you, to Bombay."
"That's capital! Have you made this trip before?"
Several times. I am one of the agents of the Peninsula
"Then you know India?"
"Why-yes," replied Fix, who spoke cautiously.
A curious place, this India ?"
"Oh, very curious. Mosques, minarets, temples, fakirs,
pagodas, tigers, snakes, elephants! I hope you will have
ample time to see the sights."
"I hope so, Monsieur Fix. You see, a man of sound
sense ought not to spend his life jumping from a steamer
upon a railway train, and from a railway train upon a
56 AROUND THE WORLD IN EIGHTY DAYS.
steamer again, pretending to make the tour of the world
in eighty days! No; all these gymnastics, you may be
sure, will cease at Bombay."
"And Mr. Fogg is getting on well ?" asked Fix, in the
most natural tone in the world.
"Quite well, and I too. I eat like a famished ogre;
it's the sea air."
"But I never see your master on deck."
"Never ; he hasn't the least curiosity."
"Do you know, Mr. Passepartout, that this pretended
tour in eighty days may conceal some secret errand-
perhaps a diplomatic mission ?"
"Faith, Monsieur Fix, I assure you I know nothing
about it, nor would I give half-a-crown to find out."
After this meeting, Passepartout and Fix got into the
habit of chatting together, the latter making it a point to
gain the worthy man's confidence. He frequently offered
him a glass of whiskey or pale ale in the steamer bar-room,
which Passepartout never failed to accept with graceful
alacrity, mentally pronouncing Fix the best of good
Meanwhile the Mongolia" was pushing forward rapidly;
on the 13th, Mocha, surrounded by its ruined walls whereon
date-trees were growing, was sighted, and on the moun-
tains beyond were espied vast coffee-fields. Passepartout
was ravished to behold this celebrated place, and thought
They put in at Steamer Point.
Passepartout, following his usual custom, takes a stroll.
AROUND THE WORLD IN EIGHTY DAYS.
that, with its circular walls and dismantled fort, it looked
like an immense coffee cup and saucer. The following
night they passed through the Strait of Bab-el-Mandeb,
which means in Arabic The Bridge of Tears," and the
next day they put in at Steamer Point, north-west of Aden
harbour, to take in coal. This matter of fuelling steamers
is a serious one at such distances from the coal mines;
it costs the Peninsula Company some eight hundred
thousand pounds a year., In these distant seas, coal is
worth three or four pounds sterling a ton.
The "Mongolia" had still sixteen hundred and fifty
miles to traverse before reaching Bombay, and was obliged
to remain four hours at Steamer Point to coal up. But
this delay, as it was foreseen, did not affect Phileas Fogg's
programme; besides, the Mongolia," instead of reaching
Aden on the morning of the 15th, when she was due,
arrived there on the evening of the 14th, a gain of fifteen
Mr. Fogg and his servant went ashore at Aden to have
the passport again visaed; Fix, unobserved, followed them.
The visa procured, Mr. Fogg returned on board to resume
his former habits; while Passepartout, according to custom,
sauntered about among the mixed population of Somanlis,
Banyans, Parsees, Jews, Arabs, and Europeans who conm-
prise the twenty-five thousand inhabitants of Aden. He
gazed with wonder upon the fortifications which make this
58 AROUND THE WORLD IN EIGHTY DAYS.
place the Gibraltar of the Indian Ocean, and the vast
cisterns where the English engineers were still at work, two
thousand years after the engineers of Solomon.
"Very curious, very curious," said Passepartout to him-
self, on returning to the steamer. "I see that it is by no
means useless to travel, if a man wants to see something
new." At six p.m. the Mongolia slowly moved out of the
roadstead, and was soon once more on the Indian Ocean.
She had a hundred and sixty-eight hours in which to reach
Bombay, and the sea was favourable, the wind being in
the north-west, and all sails aiding the engine. The
steamer rolled but little, the ladies, in fresh toilets, re-
appeared on deck, and the singing and dancing were
resumed. The trip was being accomplished most success-
fully, and Passepartout was enchanted with the congenial
companion which chance had secured him in the person of
the delightful Fix. On Sunday, October 20th, towards
noon, they came in sight of the Indian coast: two hours
later the pilot came on board. A range of hills lay against
the sky in the horizon, and soon the rows of palms
which adorn Bombay came distinctly into view. The
steamer entered the road formed by the islands in the
bay, and at half-past four she hauled up at the quays of
Phileas Fogg was in the act of finishing the thirty-third
rubber of the voyage, and his partner and himself having,
AROUND THE WORLD IN EIGHTY DAYS. 59
by a bold stroke, captured all thirteen of the tricks, con-
cluded this fine campaign with a brilliant victory.
The "Mongolia" was due at Bombay on the 22nd; she
arrived on the 20th. This was a gain to Phileas Fogg of
two days since his departure from London, and he calmly
entered the fact in the itinerary, in the column of gains.
60 AROUND THE WORLD IN EIGHTY DAYS.
IN WHICI PASSEPARTOUT IS ONLY TOO GLAD TO GET
OFF WITH THE LOSS OF HIS SHOES.
EVERYBODY knows that the great reversed triangle of
land, with its base in the north and its apex in the south,
which is called India, embraces fourteen hundred thousand
square miles, upon which is spread unequally a population
of one hundred and eighty millions of souls. The British
Crown exercises a real and despotic dominion over the
larger portion of this vast country, and has a governor-
general stationed at Calcutta, governors at Madras, Bom-
bay, and in Bengal, and a lieutenant-governor at Agra.
But British India, properly so called, only embraces
seven hundred thousand square miles, and a population
of from one hundred to one hundred and ten millions of
inhabitants. A considerable portion of India is still free
from British authority; and there are certain ferocious
rajahs in the interior who are absolutely independent.
AROUND THE WORLD IN EIGHTY DAYS. 61
The celebrated East India Company was all-powerful
from 1756, when the English first gained a foothold on
the spot where now stands the city of Madras, down to the
time of the great Sepoy insurrection. It gradually annexed
province after province, purchasing them of the native chiefs,
whom it seldom paid, and appointed the governor-general
and his subordinates, civil and military. But the East
India Company has now passed away, leaving the British
possessions in India directly under the control of the
Crown. The aspect of the country, as well as the manners
and distinctions of race, is daily changing.
Formerly one was obliged to travel in India by the old
cumbrous methods of going on foot or on horseback, in
palanquins or unwieldy coaches; now, fast steamboats ply
on the Indus and the Ganges, and a great railway, with
branch lines joining the main line at many points on its
route, traverses the peninsula from Bombay to Calcutta in
three days. This railway does not run in a direct line
across India. The distance between Bombay and Cal-
cutta, as the bird flies, is only from one thousand to eleven
hundred miles; but the deflections of the road increase
this distance by more than a third.
The general route of the Great Indian Peninsula Rail-
way is as follows:-Leaving Bombay, it passes through
Salcette, crossing to the continent opposite Tannah, goes
over the chain of the Western Ghauts, runs thence north-
62 AROUND TIE WORLD IN EIGHTY DAYS.
east as far as Burhampoor, skirts the nearly independent
territory of Bundelcund, ascends to Allahabad, turns thence
eastwardly, meeting the Ganges at Benares, then departs
from the river a little, and, descending south-eastward by
Burdivan and the French town of Chandernagor, has its
terminus at Calcutta.
The passengers of the "Mongolia" went ashore at half-
past four p.m.; at exactly eight the train would start for
Mr. Fogg, after bidding good-bye to his whist partners,
left the steamer, gave his servant several errands to do,
urged it upon him to be at the station promptly at eight,
and, with his regular step, which beat to the second, like
an astronomical clock, directed his steps to the passport
office. As for the wonders of Bombay-its famous city
hall, its splendid library, its forts and docks, its bazaars,
mosques, synagogues, its Armenian churches, and the noble
pagoda on Malebar Hill with its two polygonal towers-he
cared not a straw to see them. He would not deign to
examine even the masterpieces of Elephanta, or the mys-
terious hypogea, concealed south-east from the docks, or
those fine remains of Buddhist architecture, the Kanherian
grottoes of the island of Salcette.
Having transacted his business at the passport office;
Phileas Fogg repaired quietly to the railway station, where
he ordered dinner. Among the dishes served up to him,
AROUND THE WORLD IN EIGHTY DAYS. 63
the landlord especially recommended a certain giblet of
"native rabbit," on which he prided himself.
Mr. Fogg accordingly tasted the dish, but, despite its
spiced sauce, found it far from palatable. He rang for the
landlord, and on his appearance, said, fixing his clear eyes
upon him, Is this rabbit, sir ?"
"Yes, my lord," the rogue boldly replied, "rabbit from
"And this rabbit did not mew when he was killed ?"
"Mew, my lord! what, a rabbit mew! I swear to
"Be so good, landlord, as not to swear, but remember
this: cats were formerly considered, in India, as sacred
animals. That was a good time."
"For the cats, my lord ?"
Perhaps for the travellers as well!"
After which Mr. Fogg quietly continued his dinner.
Fix had gone on shore shortly after Mr. Fogg, and his
first destination was the head-quarters of the Bombay
police. He made himself known as a London detective,
told his business at Bombay, and the position of affairs
relative to the supposed robber, and nervously asked if a
warrant had arrived from London. It had not reached the
office; indeed, there had'not yet been time for it to arrive.
Fix was sorely disappointed, and tried to obtain an order
of arrest from the director of the Bombay police. This
64 AROUND THE WORLD IN EIGHTY DAYS.
the director refused, as the matter concerned the London
office, which alone could legally deliver the warrant. Fix
did not insist, and was fain to resign himself to await the
arrival of the important document; but he was determined
not to lose sight, of the mysterious rogue as long as he
stayed in Bombay. He did not doubt for a moment, any
more than Passepartout, that Phileas Fogg would remain
there, at least until it was time for the warrant to arrive.
Passepartout, however, had no sooner heard his master's
orders on leaving the "Mongolia," than he saw at once
that they were to leave Bombay as they had done Suez
and Paris, and that the journey would be extended at
least as far as Calcutta, and perhaps beyond that place.
He began to ask himself if this bet that Mr. Fogg talked
about was not really in good earnest, and whether his fate
was not in truth forcing him, despite his love of repose,
around the world in eighty days!
Having purchased the usual quota of shirts and shoes,
he took a leisurely promenade about the streets, where
crowds of people of many nationalities- Europeans,
Persians with pointed caps, Banyas with round turbans,
Sindcs with square bonnets, Parsees with black mitres, and
long-robed Armenians-were collected. It happened to
be the day of a Parsee festival. These descendants of the
sect of Zoroaster-the most thrifty, civilized, intelligent,
and austere of the East Indians, among whom are counted
AROUND THE WORLD IN EIGHTY DAYS.
the richest native merchants of Bombay-were celebrating
a sort of religious carnival, with processions and shows, in
the midst of which Indian dancing-girls, clothed in rose-
coloured gauze, looped up with gold and silver, danced
airily, but with perfect modesty, to the sound of viols and
the clanging of tambourines. It is needless to say that
Passepartout watched these curious ceremonies with staring
eyes and gaping mouth, and that his countenance was that
of the greenest booby imaginable.
Unhappily for his master, as well as himself, his curiosity
drew him unconsciously farther off than he intended to go.
At last, having seen the Parsee carnival wind away in the
distance, he was turning his steps towards the station, when
he happened to espy the splendid pagoda on Malebar Hill,
and was seized with an irresistible desire to see its interior.
He was quite ignorant that it is forbidden to Christians to
enter certain Indian temples, and that even the faithful
must not go in without first leaving their shoes outside the
door. It may be said here that the wise policy of the
British Government severely punishes a disregard of the
practices of the native religions.
Passepartout, however, thinking no harm, went in like a
simple tourist, and was soon lost in admiration of the splendid
Brahmin ornamentation which everywhere met his eyes,
when of a sudden he found himself sprawling on the sacred
flagging. He looked up to behold three enraged priests, who
66 AROUND THE WORLD IN EIGHTY DAYS.
forthwith fell upon him, tore off his shoes, and began to beat
him with loud, savage exclamations. The agile Frenchman
was soon upon his feet again, and lost no time in knocking
down two of his long-gowned adversaries with his fists and
a vigorous application of his toes; then, rushing out of the
pagoda as fast as his legs could carry him, he soon escaped
the third priest by mingling with the crowd in the streets.
At five minutes before eight, Passepartout, hatless, shoe-
less, and having in the squabble lost his package of shirts
and shoes, rushed breathlessly into the station.
Fix, who had followed Mr. Fogg to the station, and saw
that he was really going to leave Bombay, was there, upon
the platform. He had resolved to follow the supposed
robber to Calcutta, and farther, if necessary. Passepartout
did not observe the detective, who stood in an obscure
corner; but Fix heard him relate his adventures in a few
words to Mr. Fogg.
"I hope that this will not happen again," said Phileas
Fogg, coldly, as he got into the train. Poor Passepartout,
quite crestfallen, followed his master without a word. Fix
was on the point of entering another carriage, when an
idea struck him which induced him to alter his plan.
"No, I'll stay," muttered he. "An offence has been
committed on Indian soil. I've got my man."
Just then the locomotive gave a sharp screech, and the
train passed out into the darkness of the night.
He knocked down two of his adversaries.
AROUND THE WORLD IN EIGHTY DAYS. 67
IN WHICH PIIILEAS FOGG SECURES A CURIOUS MEANS
OF CONVEYANCE AT A FABULOUS PRICE.
THE train had started punctually. Among the passen-
gers were a number of officers, Government officials, and
opium and indigo merchants, whose business called them
to the eastern coast. Passepartout rode in the same car-
riage with his master, and a third passenger occupied a
seat opposite to them. This was Sir Francis Cromarty,
one of Mr. Fogg's whist partners on the "Mongolia,"
now on his way to join his corps at Benares. Sir Francis
was a tall, fair man of fifty, who had greatly distinguished
himself in the last Sepoy'revolt. He made India his
home, only paying brief visits to England at rare inter-
vals; and was almost as familiar as a native with the
customs, history, and character of India and its people.
But Phileas Fogg, who was not travelling, but only de-
scribing a circumference, took no pains to inquire into
68 AROUND THE WORLD IN EIGHTY DAYS.
these subjects; he was a solid body, traversing an orbit
around the terrestrial globe, according to the laws of
rational mechanics. He was at this moment calculating
in his mind the number of hours spent since his de-
parture from London, and, had it been in his nature to
make a useless demonstration, would have rubbed his
hands for satisfaction. Sir Francis Cromarty had observed
the oddity of his travelling companion-although the only
opportunity he had for studying him had been while he
was dealing the cards, and between two rubbers-and
questioned himself whether a human heart really beat
beneath this cold exterior, and whether Phileas Fogg had
any sense of the beauties of nature. The brigadier-
general was free to mentally confess, that, of all the
eccentric persons he had ever met, none was comparable
to this product of the exact sciences.
Phileas Fogg had not concealed from Sir Francis his
design of going round the world, nor the circumstances
under which he set out; and the general only saw in the
wager a useless eccentricity, and a lack of sound common-
sense. In the way this strange gentleman was going on,
he would leave the world without having done any good
to himself or anybody else.
An hour after leaving Bombay the train had passed the
viaducts and the island of Salcette, and had got into the
open country. At Callyan they reached the junction of
AROUND THE WORLD IN EIGHTY DAYS.
the branch line which descends towards south-eastern India
by Kandallah and Pounah; and, passing Pauwell, they
entered the defiles of the mountains, with their basalt
bases, and their summits crowned with thick and verdant
forests. Phileas Fogg and Sir Francis Cromarty exchanged
a few words from time to time, and now Sir Francis,
reviving the conversation, observed, "Some years ago,
Mr. Fogg, you would have met with a delay at this point,
which would probably have lost you your wager."
"How so, Sir Francis ?"
"Because the railway stopped at the base of these moun-
tains, which the passengers were obliged to cross in palan-
quins or on ponies to Kandallah, on the other side."
Such a delay would not have deranged my plans in the
least," said Mr. Fogg. "I have constantly foreseen the
likelihood of certain obstacles."
"But, Mr. Fogg," pursued Sir Francis, "you run the risk
of having some difficulty about this worthy fellow's ad-
venture at the pagoda." Passepartout, his feet comfortably
wrapped in his travelling-blanket, was sound asleep, and
did not dream that anybody was talking about him. "The
Government is very severe upon that kind of offence. It
takes particular care that the religious customs of the
Indians should be respected, and if your servant were
"Very well, Sir Francis," replied Mr. Fogg; "if he had
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