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Service and regulatory announcements
United States -- Bureau of Agricultural Economics
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C.
U.S. G.P.O.
Publication Date:
completely irregular
Physical Description:
v. : ; 23 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Agriculture -- Economic aspects -- Periodicals -- United States ( lcsh )
Agricultural estimating and reporting -- Periodicals -- United States ( lcsh )
serial ( sobekcm )
federal government publication ( marcgt )


Dates or Sequential Designation:
No. 71 (Sept. 1922)-
General Note:
"S.R.A.--Agricultural economics ..."
General Note:
Title from caption.
Statement of Responsibility:
United States Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Agricultural Economics.

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University of Florida
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This item is a work of the U.S. federal government and not subject to copyright pursuant to 17 U.S.C. §105.
Resource Identifier:
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43519476 ( OCLC )
630.61 Un3a ( ddc )

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Full Text

S.R.A.--A.M.S. 179 Issued April 1958

United States Department of Agriculture




(Title 7, Ch. I, Part 61, Sections 61.101-61.104 of the Code of Federal Regulations)


Page Page
61.101 Determination of grade........... 1 61.104 Sampling, analysis, and certi-
61.102 Determination of quantity fiction of samples and grades 3
index .............................. 1 Provisions of the Agricultural
61.103 Determination of quality Marketing Act of 1946, as
index ............................... 2 amended.......................... 3

Sec. 61.101 Determination of grade. The grade of cottonseed
shall be determined from the analysis of samples, and it shall be
the result, stated in the nearest whole or half numbers, obtained
by multiplying a quantity index by a quality index and dividing the
result by 100. The quantity index and the quality index shall be
determined as hereinafter provided.
(a) The basis grade of cottonseed shall be grade 100.
(b) High grades of cottonseed shall be those grades above 100.
(c) Low grades of cottonseed shall be those grades below 100.
Sec. 61.102 Determination of quantity index. The quantity index
of cottonseed shall be determined as follows:
(a) For cottonseed that by analysis contain 16.5 percent or
more of oil, the quantity index shall equal the result of 4 times
(percentage of oil), plus 6 times (percentage of ammonia), plus
the applicable linters premium or discount shown in paragraph (c)
of this section, plus 5.
(b) For cottonseed that by analysis contain less than 16.5
percent of oil, the quantity index shall equal the result of 6 times
(percentage of oil), plus 6 times (percentage of ammonia), plus
the applicable linters premium or discount shown in paragraph (c)
of this section, minus 28.
(c) The premium or discount for total linters content of cotton-
seed to be used in paragraphs (a) and (b) of this section will be
according to the following table:

__ i

Total linters content or discount
of cottonseed (quantity
(percent):' index units)
20.0--------------------------------------------------- +8.5
19.0--------------------------------------------------- +7.5
18.0--------------------------------------------------- +6.5
17.0----------------------------------------- +5.5
16.0--------------------------------------------------- +4.5
15.0--------------------------------------------------- +3.5
14.0--------------------------------------------------- +2.5
13.0--------------------------------------------------- +1.5
12.0--------------------------------------------------- +0.5
11.5--------------------------------------------------- 0
11.0-------------------------------------------------- -0.5
10.0-------------------------------------------------- -1.5
9.0------------------------------------- ------------- -3.5
8.0---------------------------------------------------- -5.5
7.0------------------------------------ --------------7.5
6.0---------------------------------------------------- -9.5
5.0--------------------------------------------------- -11.5
4.0---------------------------------------------------- -14.0
3.0---------------------------------------------------- -16.5
2.0---------------------------------------------------- -19.0

1 Total liners content to the nearest 0.1 percent will be used in calculating premiums and dis-
2 Premiums and discounts are calculated on the basis of the following formulas:

Percent linters
on cottonseed: Premium or discount factor
11.6 and over ----------------------- Premium= (percent linters minus 11.5) x 1.0.
11.5 ------------------------------- None.
11.4-10.0 --------------------------- Discount =(11.5 minus percent liners) x 1.0.
9.9-5.0 ---------------------------- Discount =(10.0 minus percent linters) x 2.0+
4.9-0 ------------------------------ Discount = (5.0 minus percent linters) x 2.5 +

Sec. 61.103 Determination of quality index. The quality indexof
cottonseed shall be an index of purity and soundness, and shall be
determined as follows:
(a) Prime quality cottonseed. Cottonseed that by analysis con-
tains not more than 1.0 percent of foreign matter, not more than
12.0 percent of moisture, and not more than 1.8 percent of free
fatty acids in the oil in the seed, shall be known as prime quality
cottonseed and shall have a quality index of 100.
(b) Below prime quality cottonseed. The quality index of cotton-
seed that, by analysis, contain foreign matter, moisture, or free
fatty acids in the oil in the seed, in excess of the percentages
prescribed in paragraph (a) of this section shall be found by re-
ducing the quality index of prime quality cottonseed as follows:
(1) Four-tenths of a unit for each 0.1 percent of free fatty
acids in the oil in the seed in excess of 1.8 percent.


(2) One-tenth of a unit for each 0.1 percent of foreign matter
in excess of 1.0 percent.
(3) One-tenth of a unit for each 0.1 percent of moisture in
excess of 12.0 percent.
(c) Off quality cottonseed. Cottonseed that has been treated by
either mechanical or chemical process other than the usual clean-
ing, drying, and ginning (except sterilization required bythe United
States Department of Agriculture for quarantine purposes) or that
are fermented or hot, or that upon analysis are found to contain
12.5 percent or more of free fatty acids in the oil in the seed, or
more than 10.0 percent of foreign matter, or more than 20.0 per-
cent of moisture, or more than 25.0 percent of moisture and foreign
matter combin-d, shall be designated as "off quality cottonseed."
(d) Below grade cottonseed. Cottonseed the grade of which when
calculated according to Sec. 61.101 is below grade 40.0 shall be
designated as "below grade cottonseed," and a numerical grade
shall not be indicated.
Sec. 61.104 Sampling, analysis, and certification of samples
and grades. The drawing, preparation, and certification of samples
of cottonseed, and the analysis and certification of grades of cotton-
seed shall be performed in accordance with methods approved
from time to time for the purposes by the Director, or his repre-


The authority for the standards for grades of cottonseed contained
in this publication is the Agricultural Marketing Act of 1946, as
amended. Pertinent provisions of this Act as contained in the
United States Code are quoted below:

7 U.S.C. 1622. Duties of Secretary relating to agricultural products.

The Secretary of Agriculture is directed and authorized:

* : *

Improvement of standards of quality, condition, etc.
(c) To develop and improve standards of quality, condition,
quantity, grade, and packaging, and recommend and demonstrate
such standards in order to encourage uniformity and consistency
in commercial practices.

(Aug. 14, 1946, c. 966, Title II, Sec. 203, 60 Stat. 1087).

7 U.S.C. 1624. Cooperation with Government and State agencies,
private research organizations, etc.; rules and regulations; report
to Congress.
(a) In carrying out the provisions of this chapter, the Secretary
of Agriculture may cooperate with other branches of the Govern-
ment, State agencies, private research organizations, purchasing
and consuming organizations, boards of trade, chambers of com-
merce, other associations of business or trade organizations,
transportation and storage agencies and organizations, or other
persons or corporations engaged in the production, transportation,
storing, processing, marketing, and distribution of agricultural


products whether operating in one or more jurisdictions. The Secre-
tary of Agriculture shall have authority to enter into contracts and
agreements under the terms of regulations promulgated by him
with States and agencies of States, private firms, institutions, and
individuals for the purpose of conducting research and service
work, making and compiling reports and surveys, and carrying
out other functions relating thereto when in his judgment the serv-
ices or functions to be performed will be carried out more effec-
tively, more rapidly, or at less cost than if performed by the
Department of Agriculture. Contracts under this section may be
made for work to be performed within a period not more than
four years from the date of any such contract, and advance, pro-
gress, or other payments may be made. The provisions of section
529 of Title 31 and section 5 of Title 41 shall not be applicable
to contracts or agreements made under the authority of this
section. Any unexpended balances of appropriations obligated by
contracts as authorized by this section may, notwithstanding the
provisions of section 713 of Title 31, remain upon the books of
the Treasury for not more than five fiscal years before being
carried to the surplus fund and covered into the Treasury. Any
contract made pursuant to this section shall contain requirements
making the result of such research and investigations available
to the public by such means as the Secretary of Agriculture shall
(b) The Secretary of Agriculture shall promulgate such orders,
rules, and regulations as he deems necessary to caTrry out the
provisions of this chapter.

(Aug. 14, 1946, c. 966, Title II, Sec. 205, 60 Stat. 1090, as amended
Aug. 30, 1954, c. 1076, Sec. 1 (7), 68 Stat. 966)


3 1262 0833 18 8


GPO 939125

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