The formation of the new dynasty of the Kingdom of Hayti, formerly the island of Saint Domingo


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The formation of the new dynasty of the Kingdom of Hayti, formerly the island of Saint Domingo
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Haiti -- Sovereign (1811-1820 : Henri Christophe)
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1804 - 1844   ( fast )
Constitutional law -- Haiti   ( lcsh )
Droit constitutionnel -- Haïti   ( ram )
Constitutional law   ( fast )
Political science   ( fast )
Politics and government -- Haiti -- 1804-1844   ( lcsh )
Politique et gouvernement -- Haïti -- 1804-1844   ( ram )
Haiti   ( fast )
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Statement of Responsibility:
by a near relation to Bonaparte, Henry Christophe.
General Note:
Title from PDF t.p. (LLMC Digital, viewed on July 7, 2011)
General Note:
At head of title: A correct translation from the original.
General Note:
Page 13 misnumbered 10.

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University of Florida
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oclc - 739692627
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Full Text

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By a near relation to BONAPARtTE, C STOP.

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Printed at Philadelphia.



Which establishes the kingdom of Hayti.

The State Council, assembled for navy, seem to promise an eternal the purpose of deliberating on the continuance to the state. necessary changes to be made in the That it is expedient to day more Constitution of the state of Hayti, so than ever to establish an order of for the better regulation of govern- solid and lasting things, the mode ment. of government which must for ever
Considering, when the Constitu- govern the country who gave us the tion, formed the 17th of February, existence. 1807, waw proclaimed to the world, Considering that it is urgent to the state, literally speaking, was confer the sovereign authority with without a social compact, and the an august grand qualification that threatening storm of a violent civil may render the idea of the majesty war arising, made it impossible for of the power. the representatives of the people to That the erection of a hereditary fix, irrevocably, upon a mode of go- throne is the necessary consequence ver'ment suitable to the people's of that powerful consideration. wishes. That the rights of inheritance of
And such a constitution, imper- power to the only male and legitifeet as it was, and the representa- mate children (to the perpetual ex. tives themselves did hot dissimulate delusion of women). In an illustriwith regard to its imperfection, an- ous family, constantly devoted to swered the crisis, in which it sprung the glory and to the happiness of the up, its cradle surrounded by storms. country which owes him its political
But the small number of sublime existence, is as nuch a duty as it is principles it contained, was, never- a noble mark of national gratitude. theless, sufficient for the people, as That the nation whoat this instant, it fixed all the rights of the people, is, by our means using her will and in those lamentable times. sovereignty, by trusting them to
Considering that now, thanks to him who has raised her from the the genius of the supreme Magis- abyss and from the precipice trate who holds the reins of state, the where his most inveterate enemies high conceptions and the light va- would have destroyed her, to him lor whereof caused to restore order, who now governs her with so much hap iness and prosperity. glory, that this nation has nothing
The flourishing state of cultiva- to fear from its liberty, its indepention, of commerce and navigation, dence and its happiness. the re-establishment of customs, of That it is likewise convenient to morals and religion, the high estab- establish grand dignities, as much to lished discipline both in the army and elevate the splendor of the throne,


as to reward signalised, services ren- Most Serene Highness. The heir dered to the country, by officers who apparent is denominated ..Prince are devoted to the happiness, the Royal. glory and the prosperity of the state. ,9. those Princes are membres of
The Council of State pass in con- the State Council as soon as they sequence the following organic law:- have attained tfieir majority.
TITL T~E FIST. 10. The royal Princes and PrinTITLETHE FRST. cesses cannot be married without
OF THE FIRST AUTHORITY. the authorisation of the King.
ART. 1. The President HENftY 11. The King makes the organiCisas~ossia s delare Kin ofsatin of his Palace himself in such Hayti, by the name of HENRY.- a manner according to the dignity
This title, his prerogatives, his im- of his crown. unitiese, will be hereditary in his 1.Teesalb salseb
family, in the males and legitimates 12. Thgser, hallaesalshd, by;
offprigs n dret lneby heright ties in the parts of the kingdom lie of primogeniture, to the exclusion shall think fit to design. of women.
2. All acts of the Kingdom be in TITLE III.
the name of the King, promulgated OF THE REGENCY.
and published under royal seal. 13. The King is minor to the ag
3. For want of male children sn
direct line, the heirship will pass to o ul1 er;drn i ioi
the family of a Prince the nearesttyhesalbnmdaRgnto kin to the King or the most ancient tekndm
in dinity.14. The Regent shall be at least
4. However it will be lawful forful2yerodadbchsna
the King to adopt the children of mong the Princes the nearest in kin such a Prince of the kingdom as he to the King (to the exclusion of woshall think fit for want of heir. man) and for their want, among the
5. If it should come unexpected Great Dignitaries of the kingdom. to him, after the adoption, of male .15. For want of a Regent's dechildren, their rights of heir shall aga IbyteKgthGrd prevail upon the adoptive children. Council will design oise in the man6. At the decease of the King ceeinhich is prescribed in the preand until his successor be acknow- arIcle.
ledged, the affairs of the kingdom thef.l The Regent exercise until will be governed by the Ministers agofteKnllttiu
and the King's Council, which shalltinofheRylDgt. be formed in general Council and 1.reRgn antcnld
who shall deliberate to the majority aytet fpae falaco
of votes. The Secretary of State cmecnrcueaydcaa holds the register of deliberation,. ino abtafe eiu eie
ration, and by the advice of the TITLE IL Grand Council, the opinion shall be
OF THE ROYAL FAMILY. put to the majority of votes, and in
7. The Spouse of the King is de- case of equality of suffrage, the one clared QtUEEN of Hayti. that shall be found suitable to the
8. The members of the Royal Fa- advice of the Regent shall turn the mily will bear the title of Princes scale. and Princesses. They are styled 18. The Regent can neither ap-

point to the Grand Dignities of the he shall preserve his titles, his rangm
kingdommnor to the offices of Gene- and the half of his treatment. J ral officers of the army both by land
adsea. TITLE VL
19. All acts of the Regency are OF THE MINISTERS.
in te nme f te MnorKin. 28. There will be in the kingdom
20. The Minor King's guard "~ four Ministers by the choice and by
entrusted to his Mother, and for the appointment of the King.
want of it, to the Prince designed TeMnse fWrado a
by the deceased King, cannot be e- TeMnse fWrado a
lected for the Minor King's guardrne
either the Regent and his posterity. The Meinister of Finances and of

TITLE IV. The Minister of Foreign affairs,
OF THE GRAND AND PRIVA2'E And that of justice.
COUNCIL. 29. The Ministers aye Members of
21. he ran Coucilis om-Council and have deliberative votes.
posed of the Princes of the blood, of 30. The Ministers give in their the appointed Princes, Dukes and accounts directly to his Majesty,
Counts, and at the choice of his Ma- and take his orders.
jesty, who himself fixes the numberT E .
of it.TIL L
22. The Council is presided by OF OATHS.
the King, and when it is not presided 31. At his accession or at his maby himself, he designs one of the jority, the King takes an oath upon grandees of the kingdom to fill that the Gospel, in the presence of the
function, grand authorities of the kingdom.
23. The Private Council is cho- 32. The Regent, before commensen by the King among the Grand cing the exercise of his functions Dignitaries of the kingdom. takes oath also, accompanied by the
same authorities.
TITLE V. 33. The tutelars of the -grand ofOF THE GRAND OFFICERS OF THE flces, the grand officers, the minisKINGDOM. ters and the secretary of state take
24. he ran Offcer ofthelikewise their oath of fidelity into
kingdom are the Grand Marshals tehnso h ig
of Hayti; they are chosen among TITLE VII.
the generals of all grades, according OF THlE PROMULGATION.
to their merits. 34. The pougto falat
25. Their number is not fixed: of t rhekgngion of alls actssse
the King determines at every pro- thkigoishuexrsd
motion. We by the grace of God and the
26. The places of the Grand Of- Constitutional Law of the state,
ficers of the kingdom are unremova- King of Hayti to all that are and
ble. I shall he, GREETING.
27. When by an order of the Those acts terminates thus as folKing or for reason of invalidity, one lows:
of the great officers of the kingdom We send and order that the preshould come to cease his functions, sent, drawn up with our seal, be ad-

dressed to all administrative courts Hayti to allthat are and shall be tribunals and authorities, to be tran- GREETING. scribed in their registers, observed Follows the copy of the decree or and caused to be observed in the sentence :
whole kingdom and the minister of We command and order to all justice is directed with the promul- Huissiers on this request, to put gation. the said judgement in execution, to
35. The executory expeditions of our procurors near the tribunals to judgements of courts of justice and see it done ; to all our commanders tribunals, are digested as follows : and officers of the public force to We by the grace of God and the give assistance, when legally requistate constitutional law, King of red.

IN WITNESS whereof the present judgement has
been signed by the President of the court and the recorder. Done by the State Council of Hayti, at the Cape Henry, the 25th of March 1811, eighth year
of independence.
signed, PAUL ROMAIN, president.

We, the Apostolical Prefect and general officers both by land and sea
administrators of finances and officers of justice, under subscribed as well in our personal names as in that of the army and of the people for which we are here the organs, we join both from good will and inclination, to the state council, for the proclamation of his majesty Henry Christophe, king of Hayti, our wish and that of the people being such
for a long time.
C. BRELLE, Apostolical Prefect. N. JOACHIM, JOHIN-PHILIP DAUX, >Lieutenant generals.
PREV OST, (Mar chaux de camp DUPONT,
DUPUY, Interpreter of' government.

RAIMOMD Brigadiers of the armies.
BASTIEN FABIEN, CADET ANTOINE, Chiefs of division of the marine.
DELON, Comptroller. JOHN-BAPTISTE PETIT, Treasurer. P. A. CHARRIER, Director of domaines. L. RAPHAEL, Director of Customs.
BOYER, Keeper of the central magazine. JUSTE HUGONIN, Comissary general ofgovernment near the tribunals.
ISAAC, Justice of the Peace. LAGROUE,


To the People and to the Army of Hayti, both by
Land and Sea.


Your proxies have again assem- never lost sight of your happiness, bled for the purpose of revising the to which theirs depends; they preconstitution of Hayti, of February sent you with the fruit of their ap17, 1807, 4th year. Having to de- plication. cide with authority upon your dear- When the state, threatened by conest interests, they have effected it spirations that were forming in her with all the zeal, the patriotism they bosom, and moreover excited by our are susceptible. In order to answer most cruel and exasperated enemies, your trust, they have sent for the presented the image of jolt and of a most enlightened Haytians to join general confusion, the Great Man them ; they have brought to matu- who governs us felt the necessity of rity, in the quietness of a cabinet a social compact, around whom the council, the form of government Haytians could unite, for whom the suitable to the country who has name of the country Patria is not a brought us into the world; they have vain title; he called us together: we

met with eagerness to favour his ever that jolt, that confusion and that views, and to offer you with the perpetual shock which is the result of code of laws we had determined up- those monstrous associations known on. We did not at the time dissimu- by the name of Popular Bodies; we late that this wprk was not entirely have felt the necessity of an only finished; we thought that the princi- Chief in the mighty hands of whom pies we had proclaimed could at there should be no more bruisings; least answer for the times of crisis in our hearts have been in analogy wiA which we found ourselves; and see- those of the people and the army, ing the storms roaring around the who have understood that the govessel of state, we stayed then to ex- vernment of an only one is the most ercise the revisal of our work, to natural, the less subject to vexations perfect it and to adapt it the better and disasters, and the one which yet to our usages, to our laws, to our unites to the supreme degree the morals. In this flattering hope, we power to maintain our laws, to prowere waiting, that the roaring of tect our rights, to defend our liberty storms should be at an end, the hea- and able to cause us to be respected vens being more clear should per- abroad. mit us to resume our work. But it was but little to bestow the
Thanks to the tutelary genius of sovereign authority with a grand, Iayti, thanks to the Supreme 741a- imposing qualification, that would gistrate, thanks to his high 6onctp-l bear the idea of the majesty of the tions, to his brilliant valor, to his power, that would inspire that insecourage, to his activity, victory, parable respect of the royal authofaithful to his military exploits, has rity, and that should give all the launder his standards, calm revived, titude possible to do good, in acorder is restored, discipline is reco- knowledging but the law above his vered in the army and navy, conspi- will; it was yet required, in case of rations are smothered, conspirators the throne being vacant, to consider punished, justice has resumed its the means the most proper to precourse, moral and public instruction vent civil insuperable quarrels, to ire improving, cultivation and coin- maintain peace and fixity of the poirerce have been meliorated; at litical body; and the hereditary suclust happiness and prosperity have cession has appeared to us the most made their appearance again, and suitable to answer that important promise thb state perpetuity; we end. have thought the happy opportunity Going from those lofty consideraoffered to improve institutions we tions to essential others, to surround hid but the first draught made, and the splendor of the majesty of the we have exclaimed: The times are. throne, we have applied ourselves to cvnne! the institution of a hereditary nobiTo guard against us from those ly, the honor of which be the chafr equent concussions, from those racteristic, whose fidelity be able to horrible convulsions that have so stand all test, whose devotedness be often agitated and overthrown the without limits, who may know how p~titil biody, to put a stop to the to live, conquer or die for the suplioel and ebb of passions, to the on- port of that throne, from whom it (or-hand dealing of intrigue, to the draws its first brightness. rage of actions aid to the re-action We have analvsed the power, the t cabals; in one vord, to avoid for attributions and the denominations

granted in every part of the earth, by a President, eannot change onr to those superior beings, evidently opinion wvitlh respect to the insuftcihorn to command his equals, and ency of that title; that the Americans holding in this world (here below) having adopted the federal governa portion of the Divinity's dominion ment, can find themselves well, as a to whom they are accountable for. new people, with their actual governall the goods and evils'which result ment, we have moreover considered from their administration, and by that however we appear to be in the the application which we have made same hypothesis as the Americans, as of those which have been succeeded a new people, we had the needs, the in the government of our island, manners, the virtues, and even, we, since we have taken up arms to main- will tell it, the vices of the ancient tamn our rights, and finally since the peoples. From all the imitations of expulsion of our enemies and the governments, the one who has approclamation of our independence, peared to us to deserve with more we have acknowledged that the title accuracy the preference,is that which of gov. gen. given to the pious, to the holds the intermediary between those virtuous general in chief Toussaint who have been put in practice till Louverture of glorious memory, and now in Hayti; we have acknowledgthen' primitively to the immortal ed, with the great Montesquieu*, founder of independence, could by no the excellency of the paternal momeans become the dignity of the su- narchical government preferable to preme magistrate, as it would appear other governments. The extent of that such a denomination was only the territory of Hayti is more than good at the most for an officer in the sufficient for the forming of a king. pay of some power or other; on the dom.; many states in Europe, atother side, the magnificent title -of knowledged by all established potess. emperor given to general in chief rates, have not even the same extent Dessalines, although worthy of *be- nor the same resources, nor the same sng offered to him, for the eminent riches, nor the same population. As services which he had rendered to for the same warlike ardor and for the state, to his fellow-citizens, was the martial character df the people of wanting for accuracy in his applies- Hayti, we abstain from, speaking of tion. An emperor is understood it, hie glory is known all over the commanding to other sovereigns, or world; anid very hard of belief would
-it least so elevated on qualification, be those who should doubt of it! supposes to him who possesses it not The erection of an hereditary only the same powers and the same throne in the family of a great man authority, but yet the real and effec- who has governed this state with so tive dominion of the territory, of the much glory, has then appeared to us population, &c. &c. &cc. and finally a sacred and imperious duty as much the momentary title of President as a striking mark of national gratigiven to his successor the Great tude. The soundness of his intenHENRY, our august chief, does not tions, the loyalty of his soul, are give the idea of the sovereign power, sure warrants that the people of and cannot be applied but to an ag- Hayti will have nothing to fear for gregation of men gathered together its liberty, its independence and its for such functions, or to a judiciary
body, &c. Thai the example of the IMontesquieu, Spirit of time Laws, (&prit United States, which are governed de, Loie,) chap. ii.


felicity. The natural consequence HENRY is elevated to the sovereign of 'the erection'of a throne was the power; that the throne is hereditary foundation of an order of hereditary in his family, and that the happiness nobility, in which should be admis- of the Haytians dates from the era sible all distinguishtfd citizens who of the foundation of the sovereign have rendered important services to power in those places. the state, either in the military ca- Fellow-citizens, by placing the reer, in the magistracy, in that of fundamental basis of the kingdom sciences and Belles Lettres. We we have just erected, we believe to have then raised the splendor of the have answer*l to the high trust you throne by that illustrious institution, had placed in us. If any envious or which is going to excite a generous pussilanimous detractors should rise emulationi, a blind devotedness to against the new Institutions which the service of the prince and the we have adopted; we would answer kingdom. them that it is time to break for ever
If it was required to justify our to the semblance of a foolish hope choice, relate exafmples,we would find what our enemies may yet entertain. many in hiAtory. How many great That if those very enemies were not men, mechanics of theirown fortune, disgusted from the terrible experiby the only help of their genius, by the ence they have had; and if in the vigor of their energy, have founded delirium of their rage, they should empires, it iyct distance formed bring on our territory, their battalimits, havc iir~ to their nation, lions made thirsty of our blood, let with the taste of knowledg~s and the them find at their approach a whole arts, the precious advantages 'of a people, who has already made the society wisely organised. Without essay of his force, trained up yet by going any further, we will relate the effect of his divisions and grown fastriking model of that sort, which zniliar with the danger of battles, in just offered to his contemporaries, arms, ready to dispute them the the extraordinary man, our implaca- country they will invade; let them ble enemy; that which all thoughts see a famed monarch, tlse 19th cenhave for objects our destruction, and tury of which will be honored, so who is now so entirely reigning in often crowned with laurels of victoEurope; what was he before the ry, united, surrounded with his faithcommencemen t of that famous revo- ful nobility, dare dangers, to expire lution, by the result of which he owes even for the welfare of his people, his rapid elevation. Nothing but a and bury himself under the ruins of frail reed, the fragil and precarious his throne rather than curb under the existence of which was far from shameful yoke. Let the fortunate foreseeing so high a degree of glory people of the handsome Hayti, so and I -er As those who have favored by nature, unite around the
raised him to the supreme power, constitutional law, which the only we make use of the quality of men, end of his happiness has inspired us; we hold from nature; after having let him swear to defend it, 'and then conquered over again our rights, our we will be able to dare all the tyrants liberty and our independence, we will of the universe. establish, in this new world, an here- IFellow-citizens, we will be too ditary monarchy, and we hasten to fix well paid for our labours, if, in the
*z last the destinies until now uncer- warranty of our rights, you find, with tain in this country, by dechingthat all the happiness we have been i il-

( ii )

ling to make you enjoy, new reasons to love the government of our community.
Done at Cape Henry, April 4th 1811, eight year of independence
Signed, PAUL ROMAIN, president.
STEPHEN MAGNY, secretary


Which erects an Archbishop see within the capital
of Hayti, and bishop sees in various cities of
the Kingdom.
HENRY, by the grace of God and the Constitutional La of the State, King of Hayti, to all that are and shall be, G R E E T I N G.
Desirous of the faithful Haytians A Bishoprick shall be erected enjoying all the advantages of the within the three secondary cities of Catholic Religion, both Apostolic the kingdom ; to wit: Gonaives, and Roman and to give to the church Port-au-Prince and Cayes. Every of our kingdom a splendor capable Bishoprick shall have a chapter, a to attract to it veneration and respect seminary, and likewise their estaband preserve worship in all its pur- lishment, we shall asgn a fixed inty; wishing to procure also to our come to each of the said Bishopfaithful subjects, a perpetual admi- ricks. nistration of the holy church's sacra- ARTICLE SECOND. ments. We have resolved to erect The Episcopal see of our city of an Archbishoprick see in the capi- Cape Henry, is erected into an archtal, and Bishop's sees within the bishopric the other Episcopal sees of principal cities of the kingdom, and the kingdom whereof are holding to establish thereto Prelates capable and shall be suffragans. of maintaining Ecclesiastical discipline and to work to the propagation ARTICLE THIRD. of the faith. For those reasons, we We shall assign immediately Pahave created and erected by these laces and incomes to the Archbisoppresents, we create and erect the rick of Cape Henry, and the domains Archiepiscopal see and Bishop sees on which the said incomes shall be which are hereafter designed. settled.

ARTICLE FOURTH. shall have presented himself to the
V~ is our pleasure that the Arch- Archbishop, and to have from him bishop of Cape Henry, take the title obtained a permit in writing. of Archbishop of Hayjti and Grand ARTICLE SEVENTH.
Almoner to the King. In case the said Priest be judged
ARTICLE FIFTH. by the Archbishop capable of being
As soon after his appointment his employed in the kingdom, he will Majesty shall solicit from th oemake it known to us, and obtain our the necessary bulls for the exercise pleasure, before they are put into of his high functions, and of 'the o- functions. ther Prelates who shall be called to We command and order that the fulfill the Bishop's functions within presents, be clothed with our seal, the erected sees as by Article first be addressed to all the courts, tribu- of the presents. nals, and administrative authorities,
in order that they be transcribed in ARTICLE SIXKTH. their registers be observed and
We forbid all foreign Priests from caused to be observed throughout exercising any ecclesiastical function the kingdom, and the minister ofjusnor even to 'celebrate mass, in any tice is directed with the present's of the kingdom's parishes, before be promulgation.
Given in our Palaoce at the Cape Benry .Jpril 7, eight year of independence.

B~ THEKx~cSIGNED, HENRY. The MTIinister Secretary of State,


For the creating of Princes, Dukes, Counts, Barons and Knights of the Kingdom

HENRY, by the grace of GOD and the State Constitutional Law, King
-of Hayti to all that are and shall be, Greeting,.

As a consequence four Edict of PRINCES.
April fifth, which creates an heredi- Prince Noel, colonel general of tary Nobility. We have conferred the King's house, arch butler. the following titles and dignities, to Prince John, master of the pantry. the here under named officers: Lieutenant general Andrew Ver.

net, prince of Gonaives, grand mar- count of Laxavon, commanding the shal of Hayti, minister of finance-and second district of the first division
of the interior, of the north.
Lieutenant general Paul Romain, Major general Joseph Raphael,
prince of Limbe, grand marshal of count of Ennery, commanding the Iayti, minister of war and Marine. second district of the province of the west.
DUKES. Major general Charles Chariot,
The apostolical Prefet Corneille count of Acul, commanding the fitst
Brelle, archbishop of Hayti, duke district of the second division of the
of Anse, grand almoner of the King. north.
I Lieutenant general Rouanel duke Major general Peter Cottereau, of Morin, grand marshal of Hayti, count of Cahos, governor of Dessaminister of state and of foreign af- lines.
fairs. Major general Maximin Jessemin
Lieutenant general Toussaint count of Dondon, governor of FortBrave, duke of Great River, grand Henry.
marshal of Hayti, great huntsaman, Major general Toussaint Dupont, inspector general of the King's ar- count of Trou, inspector general of
mies' musters. the cultivations of the kingdom.,
Lieutenant general Noel Joachim, Major general Charles Peter,
duke of Fort-Royal, grand marshal count of Terrier Rouge, governor of Hayti, and grand marshal of the of the King's Pages, aid de camp palace, commandingthe first division of his majesty and master of ceremor of the north. nies.
Lieut. gen. Stephen Magny, duke Major general Guerrier, count of
of Plaisance, grand marshal of Hay- Mirebalais aid de camp of his mati, grand chamberlain of the King, jesty, commanding the first district
commanding the second division of of the province of the west.
the north. vneo h et
the nrth.Major general Simon, count- of
Lieutenant general John Philip St Laid e Smo ou of
Daux, duke of Artihonite, grand t. aid de camp of his majesmarshal of Hayti, commanding the m
province of the west. Major general Placide Lebrun,
General Bernardine Sprew, duke count of Gros-Morne, aid de camp
of Port-Margot, grand admiral of of his majesty commanding
Hayti, governor of the Prince Roy. the second dist 2d division
al.of the north.
COUNTS. Rear admiral Bastien Jean BapCounsellor of State Juge, count tiste, count of Leogane.
Rear admiral Peter St. Jean,
of Terre-Neuve, minister of Justice. coun ofmPrau se
Major general Martial Besse count of Presqu' Isle,
count of St. Suzan, commanding the M. Bernard Juste HugoniN., count first district of the first division of of Richeplaso, attorney general to
the north. the King.
Major general Peter Toussaint, M. Juste Chanlatte, count of Rocount of Marmelade. ziers, knight of honor to the Queen,
Major gereral John Peter Rich- Intendant gbneral of the King's
ard, count of the Bande du Nord, palace.
governor of the capital.. The lieutenant colonel Yacinthe,
Major general Lewis Achille, count of Borgne colonel -of the life

( 14 )
guard ,and governor of the Queen's Pescay, commanding the 2d inpages. fantry regiment.
Lieutenant colonel Toussaint, Lagroue, secretary and notary of
count of Ouanaminthe, grand mas- the King.
ter of the horse. Dupuy, secretary interpreter to
the King.
The justice of peace Isaac, baron Seneschal of Cape Henry.
Beliard, the King's head gardenThe under.named offers have been appointed er, chief over the rivers and forests
BARONS. of the King's palaces.
Stanislas Latortue, comptroller of BRIGADIER GENERALS. finances ofthe province of the North.
Thabares, Almanjor, jun. Hen- Joseph Latortue, comptroller offiry roIx, Chevalier, aids de camp nances of the province of the West.
S -jesty. Charrier, director of the domains
r, employed near the Mi- of the province of the North, Secrenst tary of the injunctions of the Queen.
nployed near the duke L'Eveill, lieutenant colonel of
o the ist. squadron of the King's
is, adjutant of arms of horse guard, first horseman to the
th of Cape Henry. Queen.
i-ard, grand master of ceremo- John Baptiste Petit, central Treani s. surer.
Dossou, commanding the 14th Dominique Bazin, Preceptor to
regiment of infantry. the Prince Royal.
Ferrier, aid de camp to his majesty.
Caze, junior. KNIGHTS.
Louis Pierrot, commanding the
1st regiment of infantry. Lacroix, colonel of Fortification.
CHIEF$ OF DIVISION OF TILE MA- Blaise, Cincinnatus, Celestin PeIEFS OF DIVISON OF THE MA- tigny, Bocher, John Baptist DezorBastien Fabien, Cadet Antoine. me, lieutenant colonels and aids ed camp of H. M.
coveNLS Prezeau, secretary to the King.
Peter Rouge, Cekstin Cap, John Vilton, Gentleman of the King's
Charles Chariot, Theodore Galbois. horse.
Bottex, Leo, aids de camp of his lGiles Creon idem, lieutenant comajesty. lonel of the 3d.squadron ofthe king's
Moupoint, commandingthe King's horse guard.
horse guards. Dupin, assistant preceptor to the
Joseph Gerome, commanding the Royal Prince.
20th oe nof mndg Beaubert, judge to the civil tribuI 0t regiment
Barthblomew Choisy, command- hal.
ing the 8th infantry regiment. Boyer, keeper of the central magaFaraud, director of fortifications, zine.
Ambrcise, director of artillery. We command and order that the Deville, commanding the 2d ar- presents drawn up with our seal, be
tillery regiment. addressed to all courts, tribunals and

administrative authorities, that they served within the whole kingdom; may be transcribed in their regis- and the minister of justice is chargters observed and caused to be ob- ed with the promulgation.

Given in our palace at Cape Henry the 8th April 181 1 the eight year of independence. Sge, HNY

The Mrozister SeC etar of &tate,

The title of Royal Highness is A grand Marshal of Hayti is calgiven to Princes and Princesses of led Monsieur le Mar~chal, when the royal family. speaking with or writing to the title
The heir apparent of the crown is of Monseigneur. Dukes and grand called the Prince Royal. Marshals of Hayti have the title of
The eldest daughter of the King Grace.
is called Madame the _first, the The Ministers preserve the title youngest Madame. of E xcellence. The functionaries of
The title of Most Serene Righness their departments and the persona is given to the Princes of the king- writing give them the title of Monsdom and to the titularies of the grand seigneur. dignities. The Counts, Barons and Knights
The title of My Lord (Monsei- of the kingdom are called Monsieur gneur-) is given likewise to the le Comte, Monsieur le Baron, &c. Princes and titularies of the grand The title of Excellency is given to dignities of the kingdom. Counts.


Which is determining the Grand Costume of the Nobility.

His majesty commands that the dered or gold laced, 18 lines wide, Grand Costume of the Nobility be the lappets whereof be jo 'ined a]as follows: most under the knee, ined with
FOR THlE PILINCES AN white taffiety, waistcoat and breeches
D -kES.of blue taffety, white stockings, gold
DUES square buckles, greenu morocco shoes,
'White tunic, to descend under entirely covering the instep, sword the knee, black mantle, the length gold hand mounted on the side, whereof shall descend to the calf of green shoulder belt, embroidered the leg, embroidered in gold, three round hat, cocked before, gold laced inches wide, lined with red taffety, two white wavering feathers. tied round the neck with a gold tassel, white silk stockings, square gold FOR THE KNIGHTSbuckles, red morocco shoes, entirely Blue cost, long and large, e mbroicovering the instep, sword with gold dered or gold laced, twelve lines handle on the side, round hat, cock- wide, the lappets whereof to join sled before, gold laced, with five red most below the knee, lined with and white feathers wavering. uNvite taffety, waistcoat and breechFOR THE COUNTS. es, of red taffety, white stockings,
square gold buckles, green morocco White tunic, sky blue mantle, shoes, entirely covering the instep, embroidered also with gold, two gold handle sword on the side, green inches wide, lined white, the same belt, embroidered round hat, cocklength as the Dukes and Princes, ed before, gold laced, two green white silk stockings, gold square wavering feathers. buckles, red morocco shoes, entirely covering the instep, sword gold han- Whnteereogadcrmdie on the side, round hat, cocked nues, each one of the Princes, of the before, gold laced, with three red grand dignitaries, and of the other wavering feathers. Nobles of the kingdom will wear
the ordinary costume ,belonging FOR THE BARONS. to his rang, to his grade or to his of-.
Red coat, long and wide, embroi- flee.

Done at Cape Henry, April 12th, 1811, eighth year of independence.
Signed, HENRY.
Yh Mnitr ecetr 6 S~tDUKE OF MORIN.