S. R; A.--B. P. I.
Issued August 4, 1922.
WM. A. TAYLOR, Chief of Bureau.
THE ADULTERATION AND MISBRANDING OF THE SEEDS OF ORCHARD
During the calendar year 1920 seed of orchard grass was procured in the open market
in accordance with the following paragraph in the act of Congress making appropria-
tions for the Department of Agriculture:
"Where such samples [seeds of grasses, clover, or alfalfa and lawn-grass seeds secured
in the open market] are found to be adulterated or misbranded, the results of the
tets shall be published, together with the names of the persons by whom the seeds
were offered for sale."
In carrying out the provisions of this act, 371 mail samples and 420 purchased lots
of seed in bulk were obtained.
These were examined in the Seed Laboratory of the Bureau of Plant Industry,
and publication is here made of the results of the analyses of the samples found to
be adulterated or misbranded, together with the names of the seedsmen by whom
they were sold or offered for sale. (Table 1.)
Seed purchased from thirteen firms was found to be adulterated or misbranded,
That from six firms contained practically no orchard-grass seed. That from four
tins was a mixture of orchard-grass seed and the seed of rye-gras or meadow fescue,
or both; and that from two firms was strikingly below the stated percentage of purity.
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
II IIIW3 1262H il08740 1781iii
3 1262 08740 1781
1.-Results of tests of samples of seed obtained in the open market as rchard-
grass seed and found to be adulterated or misbranded.
Seed offered for sale or sold
Name of dealer.
Adams Seed Co-.....
Alexander Seed Co..
American Seed Co...
Huth Seed Co.
Kirby Seed Co
J. C.- ..
* a a
Martz Seed Co., E. W.
Radwaner Seed Co.,
Schrage's Seed Store..
Do...Wiet Seed o., N...... L.
Willet Seed Co.,N. L.
as orchard-grass seed
Decorah, Iowa....... .. -..
911 Broad Street, Augusta,
311 East Trade Street, Char-
lotte, N. C.
119 Grand i
-35 Main Street, Cincin-
..... do................. ......
502-504 Market Street, San
Gaffney, d. C................
.-.. .............. a... -
Grundy Center, Iowa. .......
83 Water Street, New York,
116 East Court Street, Cin-
58 West First South Street,
Salt Lake City, Utah.
849 Broad Street, Augusta,
82-84 Dey Street, New York,
. ..do........ ..
. .. do...
* a a -. a
* a.aa.*. a
Seeds and inert matter foupd upon
analysis of samples.
a 89. 51
a Bermuda grass, 89.26 per cent.
L Tall meadow oat-grass, 90.65 per cent.
c Smooth chess, 6.91 per cent.
d Charlock and Indian mustard, 7.01 per cent.
e Chess and smooth chess, 8.46 per cent.
The Bureau of Plant Industry of the United States Department of Agriculture will
continue to examine and report promptly as to the presence of adulterants and dodder
in any sample of seed submitted for that purpose.
According to the location of the
sender, these samples may be submitted to the Seed Laboratory at Washington, D. C.,
or to any of the following laboratories maintained through the-cooperation of this
Branch Seed-Testing Laboratory, Agricultural Experiment Station,
College Station, Tex.; Branch Seed-Testing Laboratory, Oregon Agricultural College,
Oreg.; Branch Seed-Testing Laboratory, Purdue University, La Fayette,
.; Branch Seed-Testing Laboratory
, California Department of Agriculture, Sac-
-nu -, -.