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LIBRARY 1, 4
Vol. 32, No. 15
April 13, 1973
EUGENE WALTON TO DIRECT
LC EQUALITY PROGRAMS
The position of Assistant Director for Equality Pro-
grams, recently established in the Office of the Assist-
ant Director of the Administrative Department for
Personnel, will be filled, beginning April 23, by
Eugene Walton. Mr. Walton will be responsible for
developing for annual review by the Librarian and the
Director of Personnel and Equal Employment Oppor-
tunity Plan, based on the requirements of law and the
Library's own regulations. He will also be responsible
for carrying out affirmative action programs based on
the approved plan and for making semi-annual
progress reports to the Librarian of Congress.
Mr. Walton, who comes to the Library from the
Department of Housing and Urban Development,
where he has been Special Assistant for Management
Development. in the Office of the Comptroller, has
been in Federal service since 1958. A native of Wich-
ita Falls, Tex., he earned bachelor of arts degrees in
political science (1952) and journalism (1953) at the
University of Washington before entering the U.S. Air
Force. With the rank of First Lieutenant, he served
from 1953-55 as personnel officer for the Head-
quarters Squadron, Lackland Air Force Base, San
During the academic year ending in June 1957 he
was a teaching fellow at Boston University, where he
earned a master of science degree in public relations;
his thesis was Negro Attitudes Toward the Red Sox
Baseball Organization. While doing further graduate
work in communication at the Massachusetts Insti-
tute of Technology, 1957-58, he was employed as a
research assistant, studying communication and atti-
tudes among peoples of West Africa. He was a
management research associate at the U.S. Naval
Ordnance Test Station, China Lake, Calif., from 1958
(Continued on p. 127)
HOUSE COMMITTEE REPORTS
1974 LC APPROPRIATIONS
On April 5, the House Committee on Appropria-
tions reported (House Report No. 93-107) the bill
(H.R. 6691) making appropriations for the Legislative
Branch for fiscal 1974.
Included in this bill is a recommendation for a
direct appropriation of $81,756,650 to the Library of
Congress. and increase of $3,315,200 above 1973
Under the appropriation for the Library of Con-
gress Salaries and Expenses, which included the
Office of the Librarian, the Administrative, Process-
ing and Reference Departments, and the Law Library,
an appropriation of $39,213,000 was recommended,
an increase of $2,893,000 over fiscal 1973. This
increase includes funds for 87 new positions as fol-
lows: Processing Department, 53; Reference Depart-
ment, 10; and Administrative Department, 24. The
additional positions for the Processing Department
LC Information Bulletin
House Reports LC Appropriations
Juilliard Concerts, April 19 and 20
SNew Reference Works .
News in the Library World .
Nixon Launches Library Week .
Staff News . .
Typing Courses to be Given .
Visitors to LC . .
Walton to Direct Equality Programs
. .. 121-122
. .. 128
. .. 128-132
. .. 122-123
. .. 124-127
. .. 123-124
are provided to achieve and maintain currency in the
preparation and distribution of MARC II tapes, in
preparing cards and filing them in the card catalogs of
the Library, and in cataloging serials. The Committee
also recommended funding to continue the Cata-
loging in Publication Program. The additional posi-
tions for the Reference Department were those
justified as being needed because of the growth of the
collections. The Administrative Department's new
positions would be for cleaning and shifting materials
in the stack areas as well as assisting the Preservation
Office in preparing books for the collections.
The Committee recommends funds for the National
Program of Acquisitions and Cataloging that would
enable it to carry on at its current level of operation.
The Committee concurred in the request of the
Librarian to convert 138 indefinite positions in the
automation and preservation programs to permanent
For the Affirmative Action Program in the Library,
the Committee approved the Librarian's request for
$300,000 for fiscal 1974.
Under appropriations for the Copyright Office, an
appropriation of $5,139,000 was recommended. This
is an increase of $98,000 over 1973 to cover manda-
tory pay increases and additional postage costs.
For the Congressional Research Service, a total of
$10,690,000 was recommended. The increase of
$1,535,000 over fiscal 1973 would provide for 79
For the Distribution of Catalog Cards, an appro-
priation of $10,343,000 was recommended. The
increase of $68,000 over the fiscal 1973 level would
allow for the publication of the 8th edition of Li-
brary of Congress Subject Headings and the purchase
of additional equipment for use in the output pack-
aging systems in the Card Division.
For books for the general collections, $1,194,650
was recommended as was $208,500 for books for the
Law Library. This is an increase of $76,000 and
For the operation of the program to provide books
to the blind and physically handicapped, the Com-
mittee recommended an appropriation of
$9,672,500, an increase of $780,500 over fiscal 1973.
The Committee concurred in the request for
$2,267,000 for the Public Law 480 Program.
The Committee recommended a total of
$2,868,000 for Library furniture and furnishings,
including $2,325,000 for the second increment of the
initial outfitting of the Library of Congress James
Madison Memorial Building.
The amount of $29,000 was approved to prepare
an updated pocket supplement to the Constitution
Annotated and $132,000 was recommended to assist
CRS in preparing a supplementary edition of the
Precedents of the House.
The bill now goes to the House floor for action.
Hearings before the Senate Committee on Appropria-
tions have not yet been scheduled.
PRESIDENT NIXON LAUNCHES
NATIONAL LIBRARY WEEK
President Richard Nixon launched National Library
Week, April 8-14, with the following statement issued
from the White House:
The strength of our nation resides in the knowledge, wis-
dom and spirit of our people. As we approach the two hun-
dreth anniversary of our national independence, it is
imperative that we intensify our efforts to hasten the day
when every American will have a truly equal opportunity to
realize the full potential of his abilities. Nothing is more
essential toward the achievement of this goal than an effi-
cient and readily accessible library system.
National Library Week gives appropriate focus to the great
array of resources offered by our libraries to people of every
age. It calls on all Americans to broaden their vision, enhance
April 13, 1973
their skills and achieve their rightful places as dignified, self-
reliant citizens. It calls upon every community to improve its
library and thereby to promote the well-being of its people.
I ask all Americans during this special observance to share
generously in the support of our libraries and to make the
fullest possible use of the rich treasures they possess.
(signed) Richard Nixon
TYPING COURSES TO BE GIVEN
BY TRAINING OFFICE
Intermediate and advanced refresher typing courses
will be given by the Training Office between April 30
and June 29, as part of the Library of Congress
Affirmative Action Program designed to provide
opportunities for upward mobility. A beginner's typ-
ing course is also planned, the schedule for which will
be announced at a later date. All courses will be held
in the Training Office classroom at the Navy Yard
Annex, with shuttle service provided from the Main
Building. The courses are designed to assist employees
with a typing skill of 25 words per minute to achieve
the speed and accuracy necessary to pass the Li-
brary's typing test, qualifying them to compete for
better jobs under the LC posting system.
Typing courses will be taught by Mrs. Evelyn Vass,
who recently joined the staff of the Training Office
after having served as a clerical
skills instructor at the Office of
Economic Opportunity. Both ,
refresher courses will involve 44 *
hours of classroom instruction
including daily timed writings,
speed and accuracy drills, spell-
ing, and assigned projects, such
as letters, memos, typing from
drafts, and proofreading.
Interested staff members
should contact their supervisors -
in order to be nominated. The
courses are limited to full-time
employees who do not presently
hold a job which required pass- J
ing the LC typing test, who have
a basic knowledge of typewriter
operation, and who have a satis-
factory supervisory evaluation in
their present position.
Supervisors should submit
nominations on Form 3/61 b, Viewing photos in
"Nomination for In-Service trip to China are Mr
Training," together with an evaluation form through
their Division and Department in advance of the April
13 nomination deadline.
Nominees must be able to attend all sessions and
must past a preliminary typing test given by the
Training Office with a minimum of 25 words per
minute and a maximum of five errors.
VISITORS TO LC
On March 29, two newsmen from the Hsinhua
News Agency, Peking, visited the Library of Congress
for a brief tour and a visit to the Orientalia Division.
Chang Hai-tao, Chief United Nations Correspondent,
and Tu Pei-lin, also assigned to the United Nations,
were escorted by H. L. Stevenson, Vice President of
United Press International, and Daniel Riker of the
Washington UPI office.
Lawrence Marwick, Acting Chief of the Orientalia
Division, welcomed the visitors to the Library, and
Patrick Tseng, Editor of the Chinese Union Catalog,
showed them some of the Chinese language collect.
tions. Brian Willson, Tour Coordinator, accompanied
the White House News Photographers exhibit of President Nixon'i
. Riker, Mr. Tu, Mr. Stevenson, and Mr. Chang.
LC Information Bulletin
The Librarian of the Hungarian Parliament, Dr.
Gabor Valyi, accompanied by his wife and the First
Secretary of the Hungarian Embassy, Sandor Kolesza,
visited the Library on April 3.
They were greeted by L. Quincy Mumford, Librar-
ian of Congress, and by Mrs. Elizabeth H. Kegan,
Assistant Librarian, after which they discussed
exchange arrangements between the two libraries
with Nathan Einhorn, Chief of the Exchange and Gift
Division. and with Mrs. Nijole Shutterly, Head of the
European Exchange Section.
They also spoke with Lester S. Jayson. Director.
Congressional Research Service, about the provision
of library and research service for the U.S. Congress.
JUILLIARD CONCERTS SCHEDULED
FOR APRIL 19 AND 20
On Thursday and Friday evenings. April 19 and 20,
the Gertrude Clarke Whittall Foundation in the
Library of Congress will sponsor a concert of cham-
ber music by the Juilliard String Quartet. The mem-
bers of this ensemble are Robert Mann and Earl
Carlyss. violins: Samuel Rhodes, viola: and Claus
Adam, violoncello. Their program will include Quar-
tet in B hfat major. Op. 55. No. 3 by Joseph Haydn;
Quartet in F minor. Op. 95 by Ludwig van Beetho-
ven: and Quartet No. 1, Op. 7 by B61a Bart6k.
Both concerts will begin promptly at 8:30 p.m. in
the Coolidge Auditorium of the Library. Tickets for
these concerts will be distributed by Patrick Hayes.
1300 G St., N.W., beginning at 8:30 a.m.. Monday.
April 16. A service charge of 25 cents is placed on
each ticket, and only two tickets are distributed to an
individual. Telephone reservations may be made on
Monday morning by calling 393-4463. Mail orders are
The concert on Friday evening will be broadcast in
its entirety by station WETA-FM (90.9), and made
available to stations in other cities through the Katie
and Walter Louchheim Fund in the Library of
Correction. In the Information Bulletin of March
30, page 106, it was reported that the Board of Direc-
tors of the Library of Congress Federal Credit Union
had announced an increase in dividends. The story
should have stated that the Board declared dividends
at 4 1/2 percent for the first quarter of 1973. Also,
the Credit Committee reviews loan applications each
Monday and Thursday, not Monday and Tuesday, as
Harold Cuff, Assistant Supervisor of the Card
Drawing Unit, Card Division, was presented a 20-year
Federal Service Award pin on March 12 by Paul E.
Edlund, Chief of the Division.
Mr. Cuff is a native of West Virginia and graduated
from the DuBois High School in Mount Hope. He
served for seven years with the U.S. Army before
coming to work in the Card Division in December
1959 as a Card Drawer. He was promoted to the posi-
tion of Card Drawer Reviser in April 1967 and to his
present position on November 3, 1969.
Incentive Awards to Copyright Staff
In ceremonies held in the Librarian's office on
March 30, four staff members of the Copyright Office
received Incentive Awards and cash awards in recogni-
tion of industrious efforts for their respective divi-
Frank J. Vitalos of the Examining Division,
received an Incentive Award and $300 from Mr.
Mumford for a "consistently high level of production,
cooperativeness and sustained performance," espe-
cially "during the latter half of 1970, when the
section was understaffed."
Ruby E. Lucas of the Service Division, received an
award and $175 from the Librarian for her "indus-
triousness, devotion to duty, and significant contri-
bution to the work of the Copyright Office during a
particularly difficult period," which reflects credit to
her and to the Library.
For a "significant contribution to the work and
morale of the Renewal and Assignment Section of the
Examining Division," Columbia D. Pontomo received
an award plus $175.
James T. Lyons of the Service Division, received his
award and a $25 cash award for his "role in the devel-
opment of a more efficient procedure for handling
supply requests in the Service Division." Mr. Lyons
was cited by the Librarian for his initiative in
proposing a faster system for more effective
In further ceremonies, four members of the Copy-
right Office Service Division received a Group Incen-
tive Award and $100 each from the Librarian.
April 13, 1973
Leonard Chamberlain, Douglas Fisher, John Heat-
wole, and Richard Smith were cited for "their indus-
triousness and devotion to duty [which] were
instrumental in reducing the backlog in the Mail Unit
of the Service Division."
Attending the Copyright Awards ceremony were (lr) Mr. Vitak
Librarian, Mrs Pontorno, and Mr. Lyons.
A Group Incentive Award and $30 each also was
awarded to the Copyright Cataloging, Editing, and
Publishing Section, Composing Unit. Those receiving
citations from Mr. Mumford
were Alice Berg, Geney Hall,
Bobbie Holmes, Betsy Hostler,
Edna Jameson, Evelyn Jay,
Lester Ledbetter, Timothy
McKissick, Diane Meehan, Pri-
scilla Mendenhall, Pauline Mil-
house, and Diane Womack.
Section Head Appointed in
Anna S. Stump has been pro-
moted to Head of the Prelimi-
nary Cataloging Section,
Descriptive Cataloging Division.
She has been associated with
preliminary and descriptive cata-
loging for most of here career,
holding a number of positions in The Librarian
the Slavic Languages Section of the Descriptive Cata-
loging Division, including Supervisor of Searching and
Preliminary Cataloging. Since May 1967 she has
served in the Shared Cataloging Division as Assistant
Head of Slavic Languages Section.
Mrs. Stump received a degree
in education from the University
of Warsaw and also holds a B.A.
degree from Washington Bible
College. She has completed most
of the credits necessary for a
master's degree in library science
at the Catholic University of
Two Appointed CRS
Two men have been appointed
Senior Specialists in the Congres-
sional Research Service. They
are Leon M. Cole, Senior Spec-
ialist in Transportation and
Communication in the Eco-
nomics Division, and Edward G.
Altouney, Senior Specialist in
s, Mrs. Lucas, the Engineering and Public Works in
the Environmental Policy Divi-
Mr. Cole comes to the Library from the University
of Texas where he has served as Professor and Direc-
tor of the Graduate Program in Community and
i, Mr. Heatwole, Mr. Smith, Mr. Chamberlain, and Mr. Fisher.
LC Information Bulletin
Staff members for the group awards included (front row l-r) Mrs. Mendenhall. Mrs. Holmes, Mrs. Berg. Miss Meehan, Miss Jay.
(hack row I-r) the Librarian, Miss Milhouse, Miss Womack, Mr. McKissick, and Mr. Ledbetter.
Regional Planning since 1969. He received his bache-
lor's degree in civil engineering from Southern
Methodist University in 1955, a master of science in
engineering from the University of Washington in
196 1. and a master's and Ph. D. in city planning and
transportation engineering from Harvard University in
1963 and 1965, respectively.
From 1965 to 1967 Mr. Cole served as Assistant
Professor of City Planning and Urban Research and
Associate Director of the Harvard Center for Urban
Studies, and from 1967 to 1969 worked with the
U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Develop-
ment, first as Director of the Program and Evaluation
Staff and later as Director of the Division of Systems
Research and Development in the Office of Metro-
politan Development. Mr. Cole has won numerous
awards as a student and earned a Meritorious Achieve-
ment Award from HUD in 1969. His knowledge and
experience are heavily concentrated in the metro-
politan transit problem area, and he has published
widely in the field.
Mr. Altouney comes to the Library from the U.S.
Department of the Interior where he has served since
1967. Following graduation from European univer-
sities, he attended the Massachusetts Institute of
Technology from 1956 to 1957 and received a Ph. D.
in engineering from Stanford University in 1963.
During the years of his advanced schooling in this
country, Mr. Altouney worked as an Associate
Engineer for the Boeing Airplane Company in Seattle,
Wash., and was employed by the Department of
Water Resources, for the State of California, from
1958 to 1964 as an Assistant Hydraulics Engineer,
Associate Hydraulics Engineer, and Senior Engineer
of Water Resources. From 1964 to 1967 he worked
for the Stanford Research Institute as the Coordi-
nator of Water Research Efforts and Project Director
in charge of developing research contracts in water
resources engineering-economics. In November, 1967,
Mr. Altouney accepted a position with the Office of
Water Resources Research, Department of the
Interior, and was technical advisor to the director and
consultant on scientific engineering-economic water
research matters. In July 1972, he was assigned to the
Office of the Assistant Secretary and performed work
of outstanding difficulty and responsibility in the
civil and hydraulic engineering fields.
Mr. Altouney has numerous published articles to
his credit and has also lectured widely in his field.
April 13, 1973
WALTON TO DIRECT
(Continued from p. 121)
to 1962, where he studied the motivations of scien-
tists and engineers and the effectiveness of employee-
management communications. With a doctoral
fellowship from the Navy Department, he received
the degree of doctor of public administration from
the University of Southern California in 1962.
Overseas, in Lagos, Nigeria, from 1963-65 as a
regional research officer of the U.S. Information
Agency, he joined the U.S. Post Office Department in
1965 as a customer-relations specialist and served as
Program Analysis Officer in the Office of Planning
and Systems Analysis (1966-70) and Director of the
Training and Career Development Division in the
Bureau of Planning and Marketing (1970-71). At
HUD he has been in charge since 1971 of improving
management development, career development,
employee communication, and affirmative action
The author of a number of articles and monographs
in the fields of communications and race relations,
Mr. Walton developed a course of 16 films on "Effec-
tive Interracial Communication for Supervisors;" a
programmed instruction package of 12 video tapes on
"Communicating on the Job: A Program for Emerg-
ing Employees;" and a course for Harlem experi-
mental school district I.S. 201. "A New Look at
Black History." His book. Rooting Out Racism in
Organizations: A Practical Flandbook for Committed
Executives, is being serialized in Race Relatiuons in
Industry, March through December 1973.
Mr. Walton lives with his wife, the former Ruilt M.
Smith, and their three children, Benita Jeanne.
Eugene III, and Kimberly Ruth at 7 Kerwood Court.
Silver Spring. Md.
Appointments: Dwight W. Fowler, card drawing clerk.
GS-3, Card, 11-500; Rexford A. Hudson, research anA i.
GS-7, FRD, 4569; Sally A. Mehan, nurse. GS-8, Health
4651; Jocelyn F. Perry, employee relations clerk, GS-5, Empl
Rel, 4704; Eleanor Quandt, assistant to restoration office.
GS-11, Restor, 4461; Patricia A. Smith, clerk-typist, GT-J,
Temporary Appointments: Lola A. Atiya, conservator,
GS-5, Restor, NP; Desi Arnaz Jackson, production assistant.
GT-2, Cat Publ, 5-500; Paula M. Powers, bill digester, GS-7,
CRS A, 4635; Paulette M. Sneed, clerical assistant (trainee).
GS-3, Subj Cat, NP; Michelle Wells, library aid, GT-1, Photo-
Reappointment: Johnnie M. Barksdale, peripheral equip-
ment operator, GS-5, Pers Opns, 4596.
Promotions: Paul S. Baumgartner, to clerk-typist, GS-3,
CS, 10-100; John H. Bazemore, to invoice examiner. GS-5.
Order, 4626; Marjorie L. Brothers, Health Annex, to adminis-
trative secretary, GS-7. Ov Ops, 4632; Norma J. Clarke. Card.
to invoice examiner, GS-5, Order, 4626; Casandra Anita Hos-
kins, Card, to clerk-typist. GS-5. Desc Cat. 4685; Francis J.
Saxon, Jr., to deck attendant, GS-3. S&R. 4713.
Temporary Promotion: John E. Galgano. to deck attend-
ant, GS-3, S&R, 4-685.
Resignations: John H. Fitzgerald. FRD; Robert C. Gaddis.
CMO; David M. Godfrey, Jr.. CRS F; Carol L. Knox, (up
Cat; Jerome P. Malvin. LL AB: George W. Marshall, Card:
Constance Perin, CRS E; Laura M. Robinson. P&P; Geor-
ganna Tapley, CRS D.
Mr. and Mrs. Carl J. Butler are the parents of a
daughter, Ayanna Tanika, born March 24, at tl'
George Washington University Hospital. Mr. Butler
a Mail Clerk in the Mail Receipt and Delivery Unit of
the Central Services Division, and Mrs. Butler is
employed at the Smithsonian Institution.
Mr. and Mrs. Lawrence S. Goldberg are the parents
of a daughter, Elisa Miriam, born on February 27 at
Sibley Memorial Hospital. Mrs. Goldberg is a Profes-
sional Assistant in Law Classification in the Subject
LC Information Bulletin
NEW REFERENCE WORKS
Steven E. Goodman's The Financial lfarket Place; a
Directory of' tajor Corporations, Institutions, Ser-
rices, and Publications (New York. Bowker, 1972.
3h3 p. HG65.G62) has been assigned to the Main
Reading Room reference desk collection. The publi-
cation. as its title suggests, is a compilation of various
lists of items of interest to those in the world of
finance. In addition to the topics mentioned above,
some of the typical and heretofore elusive items
included are names of largest put and call dealers,
names of major credit card issuers, and a number of
directories of various kinds of investment groups,
such as major hedge funds, real estate investment
trusts, and closed-end investment companies. Another
useful section is a guide to educational programs and
resources: schools which offer undergraduate and
graduate degrees in finance and related fields, corres-
pondence courses, and special financial libraries are
listed. A brief glossary of investing terms and several
graphs representing selected historical financial statis-
tics conclude the directory. [Allen W. 'ueller]
The Corpus Dictionary of Western Churches, edited
by Thomas C. O'Brien (Washington, Corpus Publica-
tions, 1970. 820 p. BR95.C67), is a reference work
concerned with the churches which have developed
throughout the history of Western Christianity.
Although special attention is given to denominations,
particularly North American denominations, there are
also articles on personalities and events in church his-
tory, doctrines, documents, and practices. Brief
bibliographies follow many of the approximately
2.300 articles. A copy of the Corpus Dictionary is in
the reference collection of the Thomas Jefferson
Room. [Barbara Burkey]
A guide listing 17,000 museums in 148 countries,
Museums of the World (Die 4'useen der Welt), is
being distributed in the Western Hemisphere by R. R.
Bowker Co. for $44. The 762-page guide includes a
subject index to the holdings of the museums and can
be viewed in the Prints and Photographs Division
Compared to the International Directory of Arts
(Berlin. Deutsche Zentraldruckerei, 1971-72. Ith
edition) the Museums of the World includes fewer
museums for each city listed and largely omits the
names of museum staff members and their speci-
alities, making correspondence or telephone contacts
difficult. Commercial art galleries have been listed
among museums. in some places, and coverage of
large museums, such as the Louvre in Paris, is not
noticeably more thorough than coverage of provincial
museums with small holdings.
Names of cities are listed without regard to diacri-
tical marks, or with the wrong marks, and some cities
have been listed twice under different names, such as
Borgi and Porvoo. Except for the computer-
generated subject index, there seems to be no advan-
tage in substituting this for previously existing
reference books. [Renata V. Shaw]
NEWS IN THE LIBRARY WORLD
John Sherrod Resigns as NAL Director
John Sherrod has resigned as Director of the
National Agricultural Library and has accepted a posi-
tion with Informatics, Inc., where he will be General
Manager of the NASA Scientific and Technical Infor-
mation Facility in College Park, Md. His resignation
as Director was effective March 31.
Mr. Sherrod was appointed Director of NAL in
February 1968. During his tenure, he implemented
the Agricultural Sciences Information Network,
associating the agricultural libraries of the Land Grant
Universities in close cooperation with the NAL. He
has worked closely with the Food and Agricultural
Organization of the United Nations in developing the
concept of AGRIS, an international information
system for agricultural sciences and technology.
Herman Liebaers to Serve as CLR Consultant
Herman Liebaers, Director of the Royal Library of
Belgium in Brussels and President of the International
Federation of Library Associations, will be a full-time
consultant for the Council on Library Resources in
Washington, D.C., during a year's leave of absence
starting May 1.
Dr. Liebaers will devote a major portion of his time
with the Council to furthering the development of
IFLA and its activities and in preparing policy and
action statements on international library matters,
especially in regard to underdeveloped countries.
During the year, he plans also to visit a number of
major research and academic libraries for the purpose
of completing a study of U.S. libraries.
Dr. Liebaers, who received his M.A. and Ph. D.
from Ghent University, has be-n affiliated with the
Royal Library since 1943, with the exception of a
brief two-year absence in the 1950's. In 1954 he was
librarian for the European Council for Nuclear
Research, and from 1954 to 1956 he served as Assist-
ant Secretary of the Belgian-American Educational
April 13, 1973
Foundation. He returned to the Royal Library as
Director in 1956. In addition, he has served on the
Brussels University faculty since 1970.
He has been President of IFLA since 1969 and of
the National Centre for the Archaeology and the His-
tory of Books since 1958. In 1972 he served as Chair.
man of the Support Committee of International Book
Year. He has been affiliated with and received many
honors from national and international organizations
in the fields of the arts and the humanities.
Welch to Hold UN Post in Japan
Theodore F. Welch, Assistant University Librarian
for Public Services at Northwestern University, has
been granted a one-year leave of absence to serve as
Chief of Information Systems for the United Nations
Centre for Regional Development in Nagoya, Japan.
The Centre was established in October 1971 as part
of a UN program of research and training in regional
development throughout the Asian-Pacific area. Mr.
Welch will be involved primarily with setting up a
system for gathering and disseminating related infor-
Mr. Welch has strong ties with the Far East. Before
joining the Northwestern faculty in 1969, he served
as regional librarian for the U.S. Information Service
in the East Asian-Pacific, operating from Tokyo. He
also was a Japanese descriptive cataloger in the Far
Eastern Languages Section of the Library of Con-
gress. Mr. Welch lived for several years in Japan as a
missionary for the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter
Day Saints. He is a member of several Asian studies
and library associations. His publications include an
article on USIS libraries in Japan in the June 1971
issue of Library and Information Service; the Ameri-
can Library Association will publish his book,
Toshokan: Libraries in Japanese Society this year.
Wright Named to Recorded Sound Assn. Post
James Wright, Assistant Fine Arts Librarian at the
University of New Mexico, has been appointed
Executive Secretary of the Association of Recorded
Sound Collections. His appointment brings the ARSC
headquarters to the University. Mr. Wright will be
responsible for distributing the organization's journal
and for maintaining its business records. The ARSC is
a 350-member group of scholars interested in all
types of recorded sound.
Death of Baltimore Librarian
Betty Adler, for many years associated with the
Mencken Room at the Enoch Pratt Free Library in
Baltimore, Md., died vi: March 10.
Born in Havana, Cuba, Miss Adler studied in
Europe and at Goucher College where she majored in
international relations, receiving her B.A. degree in
1937. She received an M.L.S. from the Drexel Insti-
tute of Technology in 1938.
Those who were acquainted with Miss Adler will
remember the cheerful determination with which she
achieved so much despite confinement to a wheel-
chair by the crippling effects of polio. While she
published several short reading lists on Latin America,
compiled a cumulative index to the Maryland His-
torical Magazine, and produced an English translation
of Joseph Basile's La Formation Culturelle des Cadres
et des Dirigeants, she is best known for her bibliogra-
phies of H. L. Mencken, whose papers came to the
Pratt Library at his death in 1956. H.L.M.; the
Mencken Bibliography (Baltimore, Johns Hopkins
Press, 1961. 367 p.) was published for the Pratt
Library on the occasion of its 75th anniversary; this
was followed by A Census of Ventures Into Verse, by
Henry Louis Mencken (Baltimore, Enoch Pratt Free
Library, 1965. 24 p.) and Man of Letters; a Census of
the Correspondence of H. L. Mencken (Baltimore.
Enoch Pratt Free Library. 1969. 335 p.). Miss Adler
also edited the quarterly Menckeniana, issued begin-
ning in 1962 by the Pratt Library.
Her bibliography of writings by and about Jose-
phine Jacobsen, Poetry Consultant of the Library of
Congress for 1971-73, was edited by Judith Richelieu
LC Information Bulletin
and issued by the Library in 1971.
OCLC Receives Grant for Computer System
The Ohio College Library Center has received a
$194,000 grant from the Council on Library Re-
sources to further the development of its com-
puterized regional library system. OCLC's on-line
union catalog and shared cataloging subsystem have
been operational since August 1971 and it is well
along in its developmental work toward implementing
two of its other five planned subsystems. The major
objectives of the bibliographic control system are
increased availability of library resources and a
lowered rate of rise per-unit library costs among
OCLC's 48 member institutions. This is the third
grant that OCLC has received from CLR since 1970.
Ballots-Marc Operations at Stanford University
[The following article is being printed in the Infor-
mation Bulletin as an illustration of the applications
of the Library of Congress MARC tapes to processing
operations. It was written by Hank Epstein, Director
of the BALLOTS Project at Stanford University.]
In November 1972, the Stanford University Librar-
ies began the daily operation of the first portion of
their on-line library automation system. The system
termed BALLOTS, for Bibliographic Automation of
Large Library Operations using a Time Sharing Sys-
tem, is being developed and implemented on an IBM
360 model 67 computer at the Stanford Computation
BALLOTS-MARC, the first of the 11 sets of ser-
vices to be implemented over the period 1972-74, is
based on the Library of Congress MARC tapes and is
maintained as an on-line file of selected converted
MARC records. Through a flexible search logic these
records can be located by complete or truncated
forms of personal names, corporate or conference
names, single title words, and LC card numbers, given
either separately or in combination. Using four
Sanders 804 programmable CRT (cathode ray tube)
terminals in the Stanford Main Library, two in the
Order Division of the Acquisiton Department, and
two in the Catalog Department, library staff search
the BALLOTS-MARC file, and use their findings to
generate computer-produced outputs and to add data
to the file.
When a searcher in the Order Division finds a
MARC record for a title being ordered, a redesigned
input from displayed on the CRT screen is used to
correct or alter bibliographic data and add such data
as the vendor and the Stanford budget account code.
The input data are immediately verified by an on-line
program and error messages are displayed at the CRT
terminal for any invalid data. When the searcher has
made the necessary corrections, the command is given
to produce the purchase order. The overnight batch
programs then produce a purchase order, dealer
report, accounts receivable copy, vendor invoice (if
the vendor wishes to save typing), and a set of 3-by
5-inch processing slips for filing in the library's
manual files. These outputs are delivered to the Main
Library by the Computation Center the following
Similarly, when a cataloger uses the automated
system to catalog a book, an on-line copy of the
MARC record is displayed on the CRT screen in a
redesigned format similar to a catalog card. The
cataloger can then make any changes to the on-line
data necessary to make the record conform to Stan-
ford cataloging conventions. The cataloger also uses a
displayed input form to add the shelving location and
copy number. After on-line verification of the input
data, the cataloger proceeds to the next book. As a
result of the day's activity, catalog cards, spine labels,
and labels for inside the book are printed overnight.
The catalog cards are printed in four different for-
mats: shelflist, main entry, added entry, and cards
listing multiple shelving locations. All the catalog
cards from an entire day's on-line activity are sorted
and printed by the overnight programs in the proper
filing sequence for several different catalogs. The
catalog cards and labels are delivered the following
In either the Acquistion or the Catalog Depart-
ment, if a MARC record is not found in the file for
ordering or cataloging, the operator may instruct the
system at the CRT terminal to conduct a periodic
search for that title. This standing search request
(SSR) then becomes part of an automated file that
the system checks against the MARC file each week,
after each new tape of MARC records has been
added. If a match is found, the search request and the
MARC record are printed out (as a "matched SSR
notice") and delivered to the Main Library. There, a
library staff member issues a command at the ter-
minal to remove successfully matched SSR's from
that requests file. Unsuccessful standing search re-
quests are purged automatically after a specified
period of time.
The BALLOTS system has encountered ready
acceptance by its users on the library staff, who find
the system easy to learn and use. One of the system's
April 13. 1973
major advantages is that with a minimum of clerical
effort (the searching and keying done at the CRT
terminal), the library can obtain for each title
searched a purchase order, dealer report, and optional
vendor invoice and accounts receivable copy, and
seven possible different file slips; or, two book labels
and an average of ten different catalog cards. Further-
more, all the outputs are consistent and accurate. In
addition, the need for extensive searching, typing,
proofreading, and sorting of manual forms and cata-
log cards has been eliminated for BALLOTS-MARC
Tribute to an Artist
Frederick J. O. Blachly, a state Department official
and admirer of Albert F. Moglie, has contributed the
following "citation" and comments to the LC Infor-
"To Mr. Albert F. Moglie
In recognition of almost forty years
Curator of the Stradivarius instruments
and the Tourte bows
Gertrude Clark Whitall
Library of Congress:
Your talents, knowledge, and inspired concern
have preserved for present and future
generations works of genius from the past.
Your artistry and skill provide an essential
link between yesterday and tomorrow.
They have benefited players
With deep appreciation."
Music lovers all over the world-concert artists and
their audiences-would endorse such a citation, the
players because they know how necessary Mr.
Moglie's talents are, the listeners because they hear
the results. The world's greatest string players-
Kreisler, Casals, Ricci, and a host of others-have
brought their treasured instruments to Mr. Moglie.
This extraordinary luthier (the name goes back to
the time when lutes were the stringed instruments
most in demand) was born and trained in Rome. As a
young man he was recognized as one of the world's
finest makers of violins, violas, cellos, and bows.
Nearly 60 years ago, Mr. Moglie was asked to come to
America by the late Rudolph Wurlitzer of Cincinnati,
who had acquired some Stradivarius and other old
Italian instruments which needed expert attention.
As all string players know, every member of the
violin family is delicate and often quirky. Fiddles
react to the slightest changes in temperature, humid-
ity, and barometric pressure. A minuscule variation in
the thickness of a string will affect the way the instru-
ment vibrates and cause distortions in the sound. The
feet of bridges must be carved to fit the curves in the
top of the instrument. Bridges must be of the correct
height and thickness; and they must be precisely
located. The soundpost, also, must be the right height
and thickness; it must be shaped at each end to fit the
top and the back of the instrument. A soundpost that
is too thick or too thin, too short or to long, will
cause more grief than players care to contemplate.
The location of the sound post is a matter for collab-
oration between the luthier and the player. The
slightest change in location changes the sound and
"feel" of the instrument. The angle of the neck and
fingerboard in relation to the body of the instrument
is important: too large or too small an angle brings
trouble. Even the tuning pegs need attention: they
must be easy to turn yet they must not slip. A large
number of other variables must be taken into
account: the size and location of the bass bar; the
distance of the tailpiece from the bridge; the thick-
ness of patches, if these are required; the state of the
varnish; even the condition of the glue used to hold
the instrument together. With so many variables, the
possibilities for trouble are endless.
Bows are almost a delicate. The best ones are made
of pernambuco wood, also used to make dye. Bow-
makers often search through a ton of wood to find a
small piece of quality good enough to produce a bow
weighing less than three ounces. Hairing a bow is a
risky art. Too much hair is bad for the bow and
results in a bad, husky, tone. Too little hair results in
bad tone also, thin and weak. If the hair is unevenly
stretched, the bow will bend crookedly when tight-
ened. If the hair is too long, the bow cannot be tight-
ened enough. If it is too short, the bow cannot be
untightened enough to release the tension. This
causes the bow to lose its vitality and springiness.
Bow hair is held in place by small wedges, one in the
tip of the bow, the other in the frog. If a wedge is too
large and is forced into place it will split the bow or
the frog. If a wedge is too small, the hair pulls out.
Inside the frog is an eye bolt into which is screwed a
threaded metal rod used to tighten the bow. There is
no standardization of screw-thread size. Often the
bow repairer must hunt for an hour or more before
he finds an eyebolt that fits.
In the Coolidge Auditorium on quartet nights the
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
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LC Information Bulletin
audience will see four men, four Strads, four Tourte
bows. When all the fiddles are fit, the audience hears
ravishing sounds: delicate bird calls; songs of town
and country; passionate cries of hate and love; seduc-
tive whispers; marches, waltzes, peasant dances; a
range of quality and quantity of tone from all but
inaudible sounds to slashing pizzicati and hammer-
blows that assault the eardrums. That's when every-
thing is right.
But if anything is wrong, the musical artists cannot
make their magic. An instrument which is out of
adjustment doesn't feel right under the player's
hands, it doesn't respond to his bow, and it doesn't
sound right to his ear. Sad sounds come from sick
strings: whistles, bubbles, buzzes, grunts, gurgles,
hiccoughs, "wolf tones" (an irregularity in the vibra-
tions that makes a tone come out "uuh-uh-uh") and
other loathsome noises. Under these desperate cir-
cumstances the player cannot concentrate on making
music; he has to fight his fiddle.
To keep everything right with the five Stradivarius
instruments-three violins, a viola, and a 'cello-and
the Tourte bows that go with them, the Library of
Congress for almost 40 years has relied on the art of
Mr. Moglie. And it is an art. It is not an applied
science nor a craft. With a science or craft if you do
the same thing in the same way with the same mate-
rials under the same circumstances, you will get the
same results-every time. You can standardize proce-
dures and follow a manual.
Within limits, you can even do this for making
violins. You can do the whole thing from scratch by
following directions, or you can buy the various parts
ready-made and put them together.
But, as anyone knows who has ever tried to repair
antique furniture, it is much easier to build something
new than to repair or restore something old. With
violins the difficulties of working with wood and
varnish are compounded: the results must not only be
seen, they must also be heard.
No two pieces of wood are alike; no two violins are
the same. A piece of wood "A" that will sound
smooth when combined with piece "B" will sound
raucous when combined with piece "C". Two pieces
of wood look almost exactly alike in size and shape.
Yet they give out different tones when tapped. Which
one will sound better when used to repair an old
A real problem: The top of the Librarys Stradi-
varius cello was starting to give way, with the feet of
the bridge pushing the wood in, and the soundpost
pushing it out. How do you remedy this situation?
There are no set formulas, only informed judgment,
instinct, dedication to the work at hand, and a love of
precious instruments-a combination that adds up to
genius. Mr. Moglie has that combination and he fixed
We are fortunate to have Mr. Moglie as the Curator
of the Library of Congress's collection of instru-
ments. His unique contribution to the culture of our
age has been applauded in a letter from President
Nixon and it has been recognized by the Government
of Italy, which authorized Ambassador Ortona to
confer upon Mr. Moglie the title "Knight of Italy" and
to give him a medal.
Above all, Mr. Moglie's unique status is known to
countless persons-world-famous professionals and
unknown amateurs-who have benefited from his
talents and know how deeply in his debt they are.
Mr. Moglie, luthier extraordinaire, we salute you.
Meeting Date Change. The New England Technical
Services Librarians will hold their Spring meeting at
the Boston Public Library from 9 a.m. to 4 p.m. on
May 19, not May 12, as announced in the Informa-
tion Bulletin of April 6.
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