Library of Congress information bulletin


Material Information

Library of Congress information bulletin
Portion of title:
L.C. information bulletin
Running title:
LC information bulletin
Abbreviated Title:
Libr. Congr. inf. bull.
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 26-28 cm.
Library of Congress
The Library
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C
Publication Date:


serial   ( sobekcm )
federal government publication   ( marcgt )
bibliography   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )


Art and archaeology technical abstracts
Index to U.S. government periodicals
Public Affairs Information Service bulletin
Library literature
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 31, no. 1 (Jan. 6, 1972)-
General Note:
Title from caption.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 000484231
oclc - 02566556
notis - ACQ2099
lccn - 83-641631
issn - 0041-7904
lcc - Z733.U57 I6
ddc - 027.573
nlm - Z 733 L697
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O F U O al"RVII. O




Vol. 32, No. 2

January 12, 1973

The Law Library has scheduled an exhibit in three
categories of materials related to the People's Repub-
lic of China and international law. The first category
consists of works highlighting critical points in the
historical background to and the evolution of inter-
national law in the People's Republic of China; the
second includes works representative of the various
sources in the Law Library collections for the study
of Communist China and international law; and the
third features three relevant publications prepared by
members of the staff of the Far Eastern Law Division.
The item in the exhibit of the most interest is a
copy of W.A.P. Martin's pioneering translation of
Wheaton's Elements of International Law. Known in
China as Ting Wei-liang, W.A.P. Martin was a 19th-
century American missionary who is said to have
regarded dissemination of knowledge of Western
international law in China as a vehicle for Christian-
izing the heathen. At a time when the Chinese under
the Ch'ing dynasty were proving to be almost de-
fenseless against the military, diplomatic, and com-
mercial inroads of the West, Martin translated into
classical Chinese Wheaton's Elements of International
Law, the leading international law textbook of the
day, with the assistance of a commission of scholars
appointed by one of the Manchu princes. The publi-
cation of this translation in 1864 under the Chinese
title Wan-kuo kung-fa (Public Law of Ten Thousand
States) alarmed many Westerners in China, who

argued that knowledge of the international law of the
West would sharpen the Chinese perception of the
degree of the inequity of the "unequal treaties" con-
cluded with the West. One French charge d'affaires is
reported to have said intemperately: "Who is this
man who is going to give the Chinese an insight into
our European international law? Kill him-choke him
off; he will make us endless trouble." Martin's book,
(Continue to p. 8)

President Harry S. Truman was a special friend of
the Library of Congress. His interest in American
history and, in particular, the history of the Presi-
dency is well known. It was this interest that brought
him in close touch with the Library. Mr. Truman was
greatly concerned about the proper preservation of
Presidential papers and publicly lamented the loss and
destruction of the papers of some American Presi-
On June 21, 1957, the former President returned
to Washington to urge personally upon Congress the
enactment of legislation to arrange, index, and micro-
film the 23 presidential collections in the Library of
Congress. Mr. Truman also used this occasion to
accept the Librarian's invitation to visit the Manu-
script Division. The division's files record his registra-
tion in the Reading Room and subsequent tour of
(Continue to p. 8)




LC Information Bulletin

(Continued from p. 7)

however, did not gain immediate or widespread favor
among the generally suspicious mandarins, although
some saw its utility after China successfully invoked
its principles in a dispute with Prussia.
Translated into Japanese and published in Kyoto
in 1865, Wan-kuo kung-fa is the original source of
many of the Chinese and Japanese equivalents of the
English terms of international law. The copy on dis-
play is printed in the traditional Chinese style on rice
paper with vertical columns of block-style characters.
Other items in the first category of materials
include at one chronological extreme a treatise on
ancient Chinese international law and at the other a
Peking Review photograph of Mao Tse-tung and
Japanese Prime Minister Kakuei Tanaka at their
recent meeting at Chungnanhai.
Least known, but probably the most useful, of the
works on display in the second category, which
exemplifies the materials in the Law Library collec-
tion on China and international law is a representative
volume from Chung-hua jen-min kung-ho-kuo
t'iao-yiieh chi (Compilation of Treaties of the

-CN a


Chinese Law Exhibit Opened .
Inauguration Day . .
Library of Congress Publications .
News in the Library World .. ..
President Truman and LC .
Staff News . .
Taxation Seminars Held .
Appendix-Annual Meeting of ASIS

People's Republic of China), an official Peking publi-
cation. Also on view is another collection of treaties
opened to a page bearing a reproduction of the signa-
ture of Premier Chou En-lai.
Three items in the third category of materials-
relevant publications by members of the staff of the
Far Eastern Law Division-include A Chinese Glos-
sary of International Conference Terminology [see
LC Information Bulletin, November 4, 1971, p. 620],
The People's Republic of China and International
Law: A Selective Bibliography of Chinese Sources
[Information Bulletin of October 13, 1972, p. 450],
and "Communist China and International Law," The
Quarterly Journal of the Library of Congress, Octo-
ber 1967.
The exhibit, which opened on January 3, is lo-
cated in the foyer of the Law Library Reading Room,
Second Floor, Main Building. It will remain on view
until March 30.

(Continue from p. 7)

"Presidential Row," during which he enlivened his
inspection of the papers with comments on various
In due course, H.R. 7813, a bill to arrange, index,
and microfilm the presidential papers, became Public
Law 85-147.
Mr. Truman maintained a continuing interest in
the Presidential Papers Program. The published
indexes were sent to him regularly at Independence,
Mo., and he responded faithfully and in a personal
way. Characteristic was his hand written post script
to his formal acknowledgment of the Index to the
Andrew Johnson Papers: "I'm glad the indexing is
progressing. When you run out of money let me know
and we'll get some more or bust a hamstring trying."
Not the least contribution of Harry S. Truman to
the Nation was that of enhancing the cause of histori-
cal scholarship.
The Library of Congress buildings, like other
Government buildings, were closed on December 28
in respect to the death of the former President


The first in a series of seminars on taxation spon-
sored by the Congressional Research Service for

. 7-8
. 12
S. 12-14
. 7-8
. 9-12
. .. 8-9
. A-1-A-5

January 12, 1973

personnel of Congressional offices was held on
December 18. Over 100 Congressional and Senatorial
offices were represented.
The subject of the first seminar was "Budgets and
Tax Systems of Federal, State, and Local Govern-
ments." Speakers were Robert Mayo, President of the
Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago and former Director
of the U.S. Bureau of the Budget, who spoke on
"Meeting Public Needs: An Appraisal;" John Shan-
non, an Assistant Director of the Advisory Com-
mission on Intergovernmental Relations, who
commented "Emerging Issues in State-Local Fi-
nance;" and Nancy Teeters, a Senior Fellow of the
Brookings Institution, who discussed "Congressional
Control of Expenditures."
A follow-up discussion was held the following day
moderated by Albert Buckberg, Joint Committee on
Internal Revenue Taxation; John Henderson, Chief of
the Economic Division in CRS; and I. M. Labovitz,
Senior Specialist in CRS.
The entire series, as presently planned, will include
a total of 12 seminars. Lester S. Jayson, Director of
CRS, initiated the series in response to requests from
a number of Congressmen and Senators and has
named George J. Leibowitz, Senior Specialist in Taxa-
tion and Fiscal Policy, in CRS as chairman of the
planning committee for the series. The second semi-
nar in the series was held on January 10 on the
"Theories of Taxation and Distribution of the Tax


The Library's Main and Annex buildings will be
closed all day on January 20, Inauguration Day.
Access to the buildings will be limited to the Library
of Congress Special Police, other persons having
assignments connected with the ceremonies and/or
other events relating to the Presidential Inaugural,
and the essential maintenance staff as designated for
Inauguration Day. Special access passes will be issued
by the Director of the Administrative Department for
this purpose. No other passes will be honored for
Library employees on that day.
Assignments of reserved parking spaces at the Main
and Annex buildings will be suspended for January
20. Special parking permits will be issued by the
Director of the Administrative Department only to
members of the staff and other persons having assign-
ments concerned with the Inauguration.

The Library will observe the day as a holiday for
pay and leave purposes only for those employees
whose work schedules include that day as a scheduled



Reflections on Retirement-William W. Rossiter
After having served under four Librarians of Con-
gress during a long and distinguished career, William
W. Rossiter is "hanging up his spikes." He chose these
words when announcing his retirement to fellow base-
ball fan and Librarian of Congress, L. Quincy
Mumford, last summer. As Mr. Rossiter has con-
sidered himself "part of the Library of Congress team
for over 40 years," these words were particularly
appropriate, although they came as a disappointment
to Mr. Mumford and eventually to all who knew Mr.
Rossiter personally and professionally.
Mr. Rossiter's career began at the Library in 1932
when he was hired as a Clerk in the Disbursing Office.
Jobs that were to follow included Assistant Dis-
bursing Officer, Disbursing Officer, Principal Budget-
ary and Fiscal Analyst in the Office of the Director of
the Administrative Department, Assistant Director of
the Administrative Department, Budget Officer, and
Chief of the Financial Management Office, his present
position. In this 40-year period, Mr. Rossiter has
received six Outstanding Performance ratings, a
Superior Accomplishment Award, and two Superior
Service Awards.
Mr. Rossiter confesses that he had always hoped to
join the Library's 40-year club, that retirement had to
wait until he could qualify. With this achieved, he
now looks forward to an active and enjoyable retire-
ment. "The Bufferin company will be losing money;
my headaches are over," he quipped at a recent divi-
sion meeting in his office.
Travel will account for much of Mr. Rossiter's
time in the future. He and Mrs. Rossiter will leave for
Marco Island, off the coast of Florida, in February,
will spend time in Hawaii in March, will soon finish
planning their itinerary for a trip to Europe which
they plan to make in the fall, and will periodically
visit their son and daughter-in-law who live in Trini-
dad. Other plans for retirement include the conclu-
sion of projects which Mr. Rossiter began some time
ago-"I will finally be able to catalog the stacks of
books in my basement; they've been waiting for me
for years."

LC Information Bulletin

Mr. Rossiter recently spent some time
looking at his career at the Library in retro-
spect: "There were good times and bad. I
remember disappointing at least one person
with every budget decision I made. Money
only goes so far." He laughed to remember, as
WRA President, how he had promoted the
production of "Life With Luther," a lively
and good-humored satire on the Library
administration under Luther Evans. "I came
to work the next day not knowing if I had a
job waiting or not."
On a serious note, Mr. Rossiter commented
on his service to the Library: "I've tried not
be an obstructionist; tried to keep a positive
attitude toward all things. I've always felt a
loyalty toward the Library and its administra-
tion. I've served under four Librarians, Put-
nam, MacLeish, Evans, and Mr. Mumford, and
I believe I've done my best for all of them. I A WV
also believe that each administration has done Fiek
its best for me as an employee." Asked if he pin
might change something about the Library if year
given the chance, he replied, "I wish that all with
our employees had the faith in the administra-
tion that it warrants." On the subject of his successor,
Mr. Rossiter commented, "I have worked with Don
Curran for the past few years and I am fully con-
vinced that he is an excellent choice."
Mr. Rossiter was honored at a retirement reception
held in the Library's Whittall Pavilion on January 12.
A number of speakers, including Mr. Mumford, paid
tribute to him and to his distinguished career. He was
presented with a gift from his many friends through-
out the Library. [Mrs. Nancy R. Mitchell]


Norman Shaffer Named to Photoduplication Post
Norman J. Shaffer, Associate Director of Libraries
for Technical Services at the University of Nebraska,
will join the staff of the Library of Congress on Janu-
ary 15 as Assistant Chief for Bibliographic Services of
the Photoduplication Service.
Mr. Shaffer brings to his new position a broad
range of experience both in library reference and in
the field of technical services as well as a successful
record in library administration. A member of the
Library of Congress Special Recruit Program for out-
standing library school graduates in 1966-67, he later
served in the Library's Preservation Office, where he
established the first Preservation Microfilming Office.

IRD-Shmuel Banishahi (left), Packing Supply Clerk in the LC
i Office in Tel A viv, Israel, receiving a 10-year Government Service
on November 10 from Ambassador Walworth Barbour for three
s of service with the American Embassy in Teheran and seven years
the LC Field Office.

He went to the University of Nebraska as Assistant
Director of Libraries for Public Services; since his pro-
motion to the post of Associate Director for Techni-
cal Services he has had supervisory responsibility for a
large staff.
A graduate of the University of Nebraska (B.A. in
history, 1961), where he was elected to membership
in Phi Beta Kappa, Mr. Shaffer received his master's
degree in librarianship from the University of Wash-
ington in 1966. In 1961-62 he was a Woodrow Wilson
Fellow at Stanford University, both at the Stanford
and the Tokyo campuses, where he studied Japanese
history. He is a member of the American Library
Association, the National Microfilm Association, the
Nebraska Library Association, and the Nebraska
Association of University Professors.
Mr. Shaffer served as principal investigator for the
Preservation Pilot Program conducted for the Library
of Congress in 1967-68, a report of which was pub-
lished in College and Research Libraries for January
1969, under the title "Library of Congress Pilot
Preservation Project." He was also principal investiga-
tor for the Association of Research Libraries Foreign
Newspaper Microfilm Committee's evaluation of
national requirements for acquisition and microfilm-
ing of currently published foreign newspapers.
Mr. Shaffer and his wife, the former Dallas Young,
have two children, Erika and Ursula.

January 12, 1973

Appointments: Barbara Altman, cataloging assistant,
GS-5, Cop Cat, 4426; Rose Marie Beischer, cataloger, GS-9,
Share Cat, 4137; Kenneth A. Breckenridge, arranger, GS-3,
E&G, 4495; Joanne T. Chapman, clerk-typist, GS-3, Cat
Pubi, 8-500; Vivia R. Grandis, editorial, research and secretar-
ial assistant, GS-7, LL FE, 4387; Ngugen Hoa, descriptive
cataloger, GS-11, Desc Cat, 4108; Norvell M. Jones, conserva-
tor (paper), GS-9, Restor, 4475; Helen E. Makelin, shelflister
(trainee), GS-5, Subj Cat, 4167; Victor W. Marton II, editor,
GS-5, Cat Publ, 4464; Saku Takaoka, cataloger, GS-9, Share
Cat, 4250; Katherine H. Thomas, shelflister (trainee), GS-5,
Subj Cat, 4167; Ronald E. Wagner, library aid, GS-3, Loan,
10-600; Beatrice E. Winfield, editor, GS-5, Cat Publ, 4464.
Temporary Appointments: John B. Braden, economic
analyst, GS-7, CRS E, 4413; Judi L. Church, reference clerk,
GS-3, CRS ED, NP; Susan L. Drake, economic analyst, GS-7,
CRS E, 4413; Joanne L. Greenfield, reference assistant, GS-5,
CRS E. NP; Barbara G. Snider, reference clerk, GS-3, CRS E,
4269; Greta N. Tucker, inquiries records clerk, GS-3, CRS D,
NP; Margaret L. Vander Els, clerical assistant (trainee), Subj
Cat, NP: Carol L. Word, clerical assistant (trainee), GS-3, Subj
Cat, NP.
Reappointment: Marilyn A. Edwards, accounting clerk,
GS-4, Card, 4466.
Promotions: Lawrence E. Alberts, to library technician,
GS-6, Rare Bk, 4467; James E. Allgeyer, to copyright
examiner, GS-11, Cop Exam, NP; Antonina B. Buschmann,
to library technician, GS-9, Ser Rec, 4401;Willis L. Epps, to
laborer, WG-4, Bldgs, 4366; Carol B. Garrett, to research pro-
duction assistant, GS-8, CRS SPR, NP; Lawrence L. Green, to
laborer, WG-4, Bldgs, 4366; Robert M. Guttman, to specialist
in social legislation, GS-16, CRS ED, NP; Margaret Hine, to
reference files assistant, GS-4, CRS L, NP; Richard D.
Magruder, to library technician, GS-9, Ser Rec, NP; Violette
K. Muller, to supervisor, searching unit, GS-11, Desc Cat,
4465; Robert F. Murray, to special policeman (private), Bldgs
Mgmt, 4275; Ruby W. Ragin, to fiscal records clerk, GS-5,
FMO, NP; Ella H. Smith, to entry investigator, GS-9, Ser Rec,
4401; Haralabos Stavrakakis, to legal specialist, GS-12, LL
EUR, NP; Robert W. Strickland, to library technician, GS-9,
Ser Rec, NP; Betty J. Sullivan, to editorial assistant, GS-5,
CRS GG&R, NP; Harriett B. Taylor, to microphotographer,
GT-4, Photodup, NP; Robert L. Tienken, to senior specialist,
American public law, GS-17, CRS A, 4389;Alvin T. Wallace,
to arranging and distribution assistant, GS-4, Cat Mgmt, NP;
Gerald M. West, to card processing reviser, GS-6, Card, 4396.
Transfers: Violet N. Beauchamp, DBPH, to section secre-
tary, GS-5, Bldgs, 4474; Stephen D. Dwyer, CRS D, to mail
clerk, E&G, 4351; Ernest C. Thomas, Serial, to library techni-
can, GS-7, LL, NP.
Resignations: Lawrence A. Jordan, S&R; Maurice R.
Jordan, S&R; Timothy J. Shaffer, S&R; Rena S. Tolliver,
Photodup; Patricia B. Ware, Card.

Emma G. Montgomery, Principal Acquisitions
Officer in the Office of the Assistant Director for
Library Resources, Reference Department, was
awarded a master's degree in library science from the
University of Hawaii on December 23. Miss Mont-
gomery, who had served with equal distinction in
both the Processing Department as Head of the
Hispanic Exchange Section and in the Reference
Department, was granted a leave of absence during
1972 to attend the School of Library Science at the
University of Hawaii in order to pursue her degree.
Miss Montgomery reported back to duty on Jan-
uary 8.
Dorothy M. Schrader, Assistant Chief of the Copy-
right Office Examining Division, has been appointed
Adjunct Professor at Georgetown University Law
Center. She will teach the course in copyright law
during the spring semester.
Uno Teemant, a Recommending Officer in the
Science and Technology Division, is the author of an
article appearing in the summer 1972 issue of the
Journal of Baltic Studies. The article, entitled "Avail-
ability of Information on the Baltic States: Reference
Tools and Baltic Material," is based on a paper pre-
sented at the Second Baltic Information Conference
of North America held in Washington last April. Mr.
Teemant discusses factors which make it difficult to
locate current authoritative information on the Baltic
region and offers some suggestions for improving
access to this literature. A list of 16 references is
John A. Wolter, Assistant Chief of the Geography
and Map Division, has been elected Secretary-
Treasurer of the Society for the History of Dis-
coveries. The Society was formed in 1960 for the
purpose of stimulating interest in teaching, research,
and publishing the history of geographical explora-
tion and discovery.

The Assistant Librarian of Congress, Elizabeth E.
Hamer, was married to Lawrence Robert Kegan on
January 4 at 3 p.m. in the Chapel of the Good
Shepherd of the Georgetown Presbyterian Church.
The Reverend Dr. Russell Cartwright Stroup, Minister
Emeritus and an old family friend, performed the
ceremony. Only members of the family and a few
family friends were present. A reception followed at
the home of Admiral Francis E. and Isabelle Fleck,
4935 Loughboro Rd., N.W.
After serving in the National Archives, Mrs. Kegan

LC Information Bulletin

came to the Library of Congress in 1951 as Informa-
tion and Publications Officer. She became Assistant
Librarian for Public Affairs in 1960, and since 1963
she has been the Assistant Librarian. A native of
Tennessee, the Assistant Librarian graduated from the
University of Tennessee at Knoxville, where she held
a graduate fellowship in history. She also did graduate
work in history and political science at American Uni-
Mr. Kegan is Executive Director of the Population
Crisis Committee, a private agency with headquarters
in Washington. A native of Mt. Vernon, N.Y., he
studied mathematical logic and the philosophy of
science at Columbia University, where he did doctoral
work in that field and in the field of economic
theory. World War II brought him to Washington,
where, from 1940-45, he did economic analysis for
the Government on various aspects of war mobiliza-
tion. From 1945-1953 he worked on reconversion
and cold war problems in the U.S. Department of
Commerce and at the National Production Authority.
This work resulted in an honor award "for contribu-
tions of unusual value to the Government's mobiliza-
tion effort in the planning and operation of economic
controls." For the next decade, 1954-64, Mr. Kegan
was with the Crown Zellerbach Corporation in San
Francisco, Calif., where he served as corporate econo-
mist and manager of the Market Research Depart-
ment. He then returned to Washington to serve the
Committee for Economic Development as Associate
Director of Research and Director of Special Studies.
He has been with the PCC since 1970.
Mrs. Kegan is the widow of Philip M. Hamer, late
Director of the National Historical Publications Com-
mission, Editor of the Guide to Manuscripts and
Archives in the United States, and Editor-in-Chief of
the first three volumes of The Papers of Henry
Laurens on which he was working when he died in
April 1971. Mr. Kegan is the widower of Dr. Adri-
enne Koch, late member of LC's Advisory Committee
on its American Revolution Bicentennial Programs
and the author of many philosophical and historical
studies of the Founding Fathers. Mr. Kegan has two
children, Mrs. Nancy K. Smith of Austin, Tex., and
Michael John, who has completed his third year at
Yale and who is now studying in Europe.
Mr. and Mrs. Kegan will reside at 401 South Lee
St., Alexandria, Va.

A five percent dividend on share accounts for the
quarter ending December 31, has been declared by
the Board of Directors of the Library of Congress

Federal Credit Union. The dividend, a half percent
higher than the regular four and one-half percent
dividend, was made possible by increased earnings
during 1972. Dividends for the quarter were posted
to members' accounts on January 1.
The annual meeting of the Credit Union is sched-
uled for February 21. Details of the meeting will be
published in a forthcoming issue of the Information


Accessions List: Israel. Vol. 9, No. 11. November
1972. (pp. 394-416.) Continuing subscriptions free to
libraries upon request to the Field Director, Library
of Congress Office, American Embassy, Tel-Aviv,
Accessions List: Pakistan. Vol. 11, No. 10. Octo-
ber 1972. (pp. 92-104.) Continuing subscriptions free
to libraries upon request to the Field Director, Ameri-
can Consulate General, Karachi, Pakistan.
LC Science Tracer Bullet: Medical Botany (TB
72-19). October 1972. (5 p.) Compiled by C. Carter.
Free on request from the Science and Technology
Division, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

Library of Congress Regulations: No. 212-11 (December
27) redefined the organization and functions of the Central
Services Division; no. 218-15 (December 27) changed the
name of the Special Recruit Program to "Library of Congress
Intern Program."
Special Announcements: No. 535 (December 22)
informed the staff about the Library of Congress Intern Pro-
gram; no. 536 (December 27) announced the appointment of
Joseph H. Howard as Chief of the Serial Record Division,
Processing Department.


ACLO to Hold Semiannual Meeting
The Association of Cooperative Library Organiza-
tions will hold its semiannual meeting in Washington.
D.C., on Wednesday, January 31, at 4:30 p.m. in the
Forum Room of the Shoreham Hotel on the topic
"Funding for Consortia-Stimulus and Response."
Kathleen Molz of the U.S. Office of Education will
speak on Federal support, and Jean Connor, Division
of Library Development, New York State Library,
will discuss State funding. All persons concerned with

January 12, 1973

cooperative activities are invited to attend and par-

ISBD Subject of Joint Meeting
On December 14 C. Sumner Spalding, Assistant
Director (Cataloging) of the Processing Department;
Mrs. Henriette Avram, Chief of the MARC Develop-
ment Office, both of the Library of Congress; and
Mrs. Elizabeth Tate, Chief Librarian of the National
Bureau of Standards, were speakers and resource per-
sons on the topic of the IFLA-promulgated Inter-
national Standard Bibliographic Description (ISBD),
at a joint meeting of METRO (New York Metropoli-
tan Reference and Research Library Agency) and the
New York Technical Services Librarians held in New
York City. Approximately 300 people attended the
two and one-half hour session devoted to exposition,
criticism, and discussion of the new standard which
has been approved in principle by both the Library of
Congress and the American Library Association and
the implementation of which is being developed by
draft changes in cataloging rules for description of
monographic publications.
The formal presentation was Mr. Spalding's paper
on the origins, rationale, and implications of the
ISBD which was followed by Mrs. Tate's 'footnote,'
"DCC (Descriptive Cataloging Committee) and the
ISBD." The meeting, chaired by Forrest F. Carhart,
Jr., Executive Director of METRO, was then opened
to a series of questions, prepared in advance, to which
Mr. Spalding, Mrs. Tate, and Mrs. Avram responded,
as appropriate. These questions were posed by Seoud
M. Matta, Pratt Institute Graduate School of Library
and Information Science; J. Van der Geer Judd, New
York State Library; Michael P. Barnett, H. W. Wilson
Company; Ellis Mount, Columbia University Engi-
neering Library; Carol Ishimoto, Harvard College
Library; and James W. Henderson, New York Public
Library. The meeting closed with questions from the
floor. Mr. Spalding's paper, together with an article
critical of the ISBD by Gerald L. Swanson, Com-
putext, will be published in the January 15 issue of
Library Journal.

William Katz to Review Subscription Dealers
Frank Kurt Cylke, Chairman of the U.S. National
Libraries Task Force on Cooperative Activities, has
announced that William Katz, School of Library and
Information Science, State University of New York at
Albany, will direct a review of subscription dealer
performance for the Task Force.
Mr. Cylke said, "Subscription agents are employed

by the three National libraries to procure a high per-
centage of serials obtained through purchase. These
agents are reimbursed for various services rendered,
such as central placement of orders, handling of
supplemental charges, alerting regarding births and
deaths, claiming, speech in delivering, etc."
He also noted that few librarians are fully aware of
the services that subscription agents can and should
provide. He said that because of this fact many ser-
vices are not supplied.
In addressing this problem, Mr. Katz will review
the literature; examine current and past services
provided; prepare a list of requirements; develop a
workable mechanism for ensuring agent compliance;
and submit a report of findings and recommenda-
tions. Each step will be coordinated by an advisory
group comprised of one representative from each of
the three libraries.
Questions may be directed to Frank Kurt Cylke,
Chairman, U.S. National Libraries Task Force on
Cooperative Activities, Room 310, Library of Con-
gress, Washington, D.C. 20540, or Dr. William Katz,
School of Library Science, State University of New
York at Albany, Albany, N.Y. 14904.

FLC Approves Funds
The Federal Library Committee met on December
20 and approved a proposal to seek funds for a study
on the "Capability of Federal Library Resources to
Meet the Needs and Requirements of the Subject
Areas Indicated by the Nation's Goals and Priorities,"
developed by the Coordinated Collection Develop
Work Group of the FLC. The committee discussed
basic Federal library issues relating to relationships
with the Office of Management and Budget. The
OMB representative, John Culbertson, discussed with
the committee alternative ways in which stronger
liaison could be useful to the Federal library com-

Robert Downs Award Open to Nominations
Nominations for the Robert B. Downs Award for
outstanding contribution to intellectual freedom in
libraries are being accepted by the University of
Illinois Graduate School of Library Science at
Urbana-Champaign. The award was created in 1968
to honor Downs, Dean of Library Administration at
Illinois, and to mark his 25 years with the university.
The $500 award will be presented at the American
Library Association annual conference in Las Vegas.
The award will be given to an individual or group
for such activities as a research study, a publication,


LC Information Bulletin

or a successful or unsuccessful opposition to censor-
Nominations should be sent to Herbert Goldhor,
Director, Graduate School of Library Science, Univer-
sity of Illinois, Urbana, Ill. 61801 by April 15.

Directory of Tallahassee Libraries Available
The Florida Chapter of the Special Libraries Asso-
ciation has published A Directory of State Agency
Libraries and Information Centers in Tallahassee,
Fla., which describes the services, collections, and
personnel of 19 libraries and information centers in
the area.
Copies of the directory are available from John A.
Riggs, Division Library Manager, Division of Planning
and Evaluation, Department of Health and Rehabili-
tative Services, Room 202B, 310 Blount St., Talla-
hassee, Fla. 32304. The price is $1 and all orders
must be prepaid.

Joseph Henry Papers Available
The initial volume of The Papers of Joseph Henry,
edited by Nathan Reingold, were placed on display at
a reception in the original Smithsonian Institution
Building on December 26. Volume one, the Albany
Years: December 1797-October 1832, inaugurates a
series of 15 volumes on Joseph Henry, one of the
founders of the American scientific community.
Volume One of The Papers of Joseph Henry is avail-
able at an introductory discount price of $15 less 10
percent discount from the Smithsonian Institution
Press, c/o George Braziller, Inc., One Park Ave., New
York, N.Y. 10016.

ICA Offers Training Program for Conservators
The Intermuseum Conservation Association (ICA)
is currently accepting applications for its 1973 train-
ing program in the conservation of works of art.
Initiated in 1970 to help fill the need for well-trained
conservators in museums, historical societies, and
private collections, the program this year will train
three students at the ICA Laboratory on the campus
of Oberlin College.
Additional information and applications are avail-
able from Richard D. Buck, Director, Intermuseum
Laboratory, Allen Art Building, Oberlin, Ohio 44074.

Shakespeare Association to Hold March Meeting
The first annual convention of the Shakespeare
Association of America will be held at the Statler
Hilton Hotel in Washington, D.C., on Friday and
Saturday, March 30 and 31. The meeting will include
seminars, papers, panels, and debates-all involving
general discussion-dealing with Shakespeare's life,
plays, and poems. On Friday evening, the Folger
Shakespeare Library will host a concert of Renais-
sance music and a reception following. The first
Annual Shakespeare Association Lecture will be
delivered by Professor Harry Levin of Harvard Univer-
sity on Saturday morning.
Registration for the conference is limited to Asso-
ciation members and membership is open to those
who study Shakespeare, Conference and membership
information is available from The Shakespeare Asso-
ciation of America, Humanities Building, University
of South Carolina, Columbia, S.C. 29208.



Vol. 32, No.2

January 12, 1973

Held in Washington, D.C., October 23-26, 1972

"A World of Information" was the theme of the
1972 American Society for Information Science
Annual Meeting held in Washington, D.C. Speakers
from around the world participated in the sessions
which keynoted the international concern for com-
munication. Each representative seemed to have his
or her own definition of "information science" and
each session presented a different aspect.
In one session librarians were concerned about
handling books and card catalogs with or without the
aid of a computer. Another session on governmental
information systems in several countries emphasized
the state-of-the art in public systems, policy informa-
tion systems, and legislation drafting and control.
Problems of inertia in funding programs and public
access to information were discussed by an inter-
national panel. Still other sessions considered inter-
national and domestic networks with discussions on
capabilities, problems, and experiences.
A working international information retrieval net-
work on display in the exhibit area was one of the
highlights of the meeting. The INTELSAT IV com-
munication satellite provided a link from the termi-
nals in the Ambassador Room of the Shoreham Hotel
to the European Space Research Organization
(ESRO) network in Darmstadt, Germany. In addi-
tion, several other information retrieval systems were
on display with terminals available for use by those
attending the meeting. [Lee Power]

The technical session on "Shaping of International
Information Systems by Technology," chaired by
Gerald J. Sophar, Executive Officer of the National
Agricultural Library, was concerned with the evolu-
tion, current status, problems, and restraints involved
in the attempts to apply modern computer and
communications technology to the international
exchange of scientific information.
Carl A. Wait, Assistant Science Advisor of the U.S.
Mission to the Organization for Economic Coopera-
tion and Development, provided the background for

the session by reading his paper on "Information and
Public Policy," a philosophical and historical essay.
Noting that the magnitude and scope of such pro-
grams as atomic energy, defense, space, and environ-
ment had resulted in the change from discipline-
oriented to mission-oriented systems of information,
he cautioned that there is continuing danger that
hardware rather than user needs will control systems
development. Decision-makers need data for defining
problems, assessing resources, and developing or
determine methodology, and information systems
must feed into all three; resultant decisions, however,
can be no better than the information on which they
are based. Decision-makers have to be persuaded to
use sophisticated systems, but if the use is too time
consuming and results in poor decisions, they will
avoid it. And this is happening, particularly where
communications and information systems are over-
loaded with too much data inadequately accessed.
Mr. Wait concluded with a discussion of the contrast
between use of information in problem solving in
earlier, simpler societies and the complex society of
today, another exposition of future shock.
The next paper, "Satellite Communications for
Information Networking," by Burton I. Edelson,
Assistant Director of COMSAT Laboratories, traced
the development of satellite communication capabili-
ties and capacities from the pioneer days to the pres-
ent, described future potential, including such new
concepts as SPADE which will allow multi-user access
at any time without pre-contracting for channels and
for a reasonable cost, and detailed some of the cur-
rent uses of satellites in transmitting information.
N. E. C. Isotta, Head of the Document and Library
Service, and Peter A. Kallenback, Space Documenta-
tion. Service, both of the European Space Research
Organization (ESRO), Darmstadt, Federal Republic
of Germany, followed with complementary papers on
the origin, development, social, economic, and legal
problems, and future uses of the Space Documenta-
tion Service (SDS), an information network devel-
oped to assist 10 European countries in their space
programs. The ESRO information network's future
plans include the establishment of a European public

LC Information Bulletin

information utility which will provide the European
scientist and engineer with direct access from private
terminals to a variety of reference and data files.
The ESRO/SDS System was linked by satellite to
an International Information Retrieval Network, a
working model installed in the exhibit area at this
ASIS meeting and available for attendees' reviewing
and experimental use. The planning and development
of this model were described by Douglas E. Beminger
Management Information Specialist of the U.S. Office
of Education who headed the group that worked out
the arrangements.
The session closed with a discussion of "Copyright
and its International Aspects" by George D. Cary,
Register of Copyrights, who briefly reviewed the
history of international copyright and described some
of the aspects that may pertain to the development
and implementation of international information net-
works. He stated that the copyright problem in this
area is still in the future because high cost and limited
transmission capabilities will prevent rapid progress
but that there is the probability that copyright
restrictions do apply and authorization from the
holder is clearly required in advance of using copy-
righted material.
[Tony Harvey and S. Branson Marley]

The technical session on "Modem Parliamentary
Information Systems," was organized and chaired by
Robert L. Chartrand, Specialist in Information Sci-
ences, Congressional Research Service at the Library
of Congress.
Invited speakers were: Uwe Thomas, Senior Coun-
sultant, Bundeskanzleramt, Planungsabteilung, Bonn,
Federal Republic of Germany, commenting on
"Cooperation in Information Handling-Parliament
and Administration;" Antonio Maccanico, Vice Secre-
tary General of the Italian Chamber of Deputies,
Rome, who was unable to attend, but did make avail-
able to the conference for publication in the meeting
proceeding a paper on "Legislative-Legal Information
Retrieval for the Italian Parliament;" Taro Nakayama,
a member of the House of Councillors, The National
Diet, Tokyo, speaking on "The Political System for
an Informationized Society; and, John B. Poole,
Deputy Assistant Librarian and Head of the Scientific
Section, House of Commons Library, discussing
"ADP in the British House of Commons."
Mr. Chartrand's opening remarks were in two
parts. The first part identified the many problems

facing parliaments and legislatures today: environ-
mental, social, political, economic, and technological
in nature; the vast information pertaining to these
problems which must be brought under manageable
control; the need for timely access and analysis of
this information; and the translation of this informa-
tion into viable policy decisions and actions. The
second part of Mr. Chartrand's remarks concerned
activities in the area of automation for the support of
the U.S. Congress; he mentioned the activities of the
Senate Subcommittee on Computer Services; the
House Administration Committee; the General
Accounting Office; the Library of Congress; and the
Government Printing Office. Functional areas alluded
to by Mr. Chartrand included: selective dissemination
of information through the Congressional Research
Service's document awareness system; bill digesting
and legislative tracking; bill drafting and statutory
retrieval; the automated maintenance and publication
of Committee Legislative Calendars; electronic voting
in the House of Representatives; the use of computer
simulation, modelling, and other analytical tech-
niques; constituent mailing maintained by Members
of the Senate; and, efforts at implementing the statu-
tory directives of the Legislative Reorganization Act
of 1970 which specify standard budget and fiscal
classifications for automated files of budgetary data.
Mr. Thomas began his remarks by contrasting the
total system approach with that of developing indi-
vidual systems, hopefully of inter-system compati-
bility, for the individual needs of the various
components of the West German Federal Republic.
These include the Federal Executive, the Bundestadt
and its Members, Committees, floor proceedings and
debates, and the statutes and regulations of West
Germany. Mr. Thomas and several members of the
audience had a spirited discussion of the problems of
citizen access to this data and the general "freedom
of information" considerations of western parlia-
Mr. Nakayama's presentation was broader than
that of the other speakers. With the assistance of
slides of foils, he discussed the use of computer
systems throughout the Japanese government and
highlighted the current plans for automated informa-
tion systems in the National Diet.
Mr. Poole's discussion of automation and the
British Parliament concentrated on the House of
Commons Library and its attempts to provide requi-
site research materials and timely bibliographic tools
for use by Members. He wittily and urbanely dis-
cussed technical, financial, and cultural problems

January 12, 1973

which he faced in moving forward with augmented
services for the House of Commons.
Mr. Chartrand concluded the session with refer-
ences to commercial services such as the Congressio-
nal Information Service published in the United
States. [Tony Harvey]

The Special Interest Group/Automated Language
Processing session was chaired by Donald Walker of
the Stanford Research Institute who introduced
William Nugent of the Office of Telecommunications,
U.S. Department of Commerce, who, in turn, pre-
sented the speakers for the program, "The Fact and
Fiction of Automated Language Processing."
The first speaker, Christine Montgomery of Oper-
ating Systems, Inc., gave a tutorial consisting of out-
lines of four current projects involving applications of
computers to language data. The first was a dissemi-
nation system developed by Operating Systems, Inc.,
for the Central Intelligence Agency; the second, a
system for on-line file generation and editing; the
third, the Lunar Sciences Natural Language Informa-
tion System developed by William Woods of Bolt,
Beranek & Newman which, using as data the analyses
presented at a conference on the Apollo rock sam-
ples, produces answers to natural language queries;
and the fourth was "Scholar," an interactive system
for teaching geography in high schools.
The second portion of the program included
remarks by representatives of two Federal agencies
that buy automated language processing research,
Richard West, Extramural Programs, National Library
of Medicine, and Z. L. Pankowitz of the Intelligence
and Reconnaissance Division, Rome Air Development
The third segment of the program consisted of
short summaries of their current research by John
Carroll of the University of Western Ontario and
Donald Hillman of Lehigh University.
The final portion of the program consisted of
results of the computerized political oratory contest.
The only entry was a reference by Joseph Cauanaugh
of the University of Chicago to a British recording. A
short business meeting followed in which Hood
Roberts of the Center for Applied Linguisitics was
made the new SIG chairman and Mr. Nugent was
made chairman-elect for 1973-74.
[James E. Agenbroad]

Four doctoral students who have completed their

degrees in information science within the past year,
and one who was about to complete his degree, pre-
sented and discussed their dissertations in a Special
Interest Group/Education for Information Science
panel. Three of the presentations are summarized in
this report.
Drucilla M. Motley, Florida State University,
spoke on "An On-line Computer-Managed Introduc-
tion of Indexing: An Individualized Multi-Media
Instructional Package." A three-week instructional
package on indexing was developed using Computer
Assisted Instruction and the results from this package
were compared against the traditional lecture method
of presenting the same material. The tests were run
twice for comparative purposes. Results tended to
indicate that attitudes toward innovative techniques
were more important than method, as test scores in
either group did not differ significantly.
Hilda Feinberg, Columbia University spoke on
"Title-Derivative Techniques; a Comparative Study."
Current methods of preparing title indexes (i.e.,
KWIC, KWOC, etc.) suffer from human inconsis-
tency, varying interpretations, consume unacceptable
amounts of time and funds, and coverage of subject
matter is uneven. Using computer generated, per-
muted indexes to overcome these mounting problems
seems to offer acceptable results. Computer generated
indices could provide consistency in format and con-
tent and could be done so that the time between
document publication and title index publication is
considerably shortened. Machine costs are seemingly
more tolerable.
Daniel M. Murray, Rutgers University, spoke on
"Document Retrieval From Clustered Files." Most
search strategies today employ an inverted file tech-
nique which causes a 100 percent overhead on storage
and Mr. Murray found this unacceptable. The major
constraint on the depth and complexity of search
strategies is the file organization chosen for the data
Present systems suffer from three major deficien-
cies: (1) indexing problems such as errors and in-
accuracies in matching requests to documents; (2)
relevance based on user judgment; and (3) lack of
satisfactory retrievals due to vague or ambigious
These three deficiencies are somewhat alleviated
by using text rather than titles, applying significant
values to index terms, using scoring and matching
functions to show similarities, and presenting output
in ranked order. However, all systems need to be able
to respond on an interactive, iterative basis.

................ ...I ..................................---. .. ... ... ... ........ .. ............. .. ........

LC Information Bulletin

Adaptive retrieval techniques do provide relevant
feedback and direct access to the documents vector
rather than having it scattered over many parts of the
data base.
Using a clustered document technique with a two-
level hierachy, Mr. Murray received acceptable results
while incurring only a 10 percent overhead. The
classification procedure is hierarchical and must tend
to be stable. After comparing inverted file techniques
with document cluster techniques, Mr. Murray recom-
mends the cluster as it provides a more flexible level
of recall although it is less precise. This suggests that
one should concentrate on those documents which
have the greatest chance of meeting search require-
ments. [Charlene Woody]

A family enters a car. The father sits on his seat-
belt. From the comments of the narrator and tone of
the music you know something horrible will happen
to this family. You conjure the images of crashes as
multiple color slides focus on the cute, blond, girl of
five, now hanging over the front seat to look at her
daddy, and then in languid repose on the cushions in
the rear. You are certain she will die. Suddenly the
tension is fulfilled. A car shoots in from a side road.
The father whips the wheel to the left. The car flips
over the skids on its side giving forth the shrieks of
shredding sheet metal. Black. The room is black. The
three screens are black, the room silent. A small spot-
light is switched on in the front of the room illumi-
nating a man who tells us that media can involve. And
so began the SIG/Non-Print Media presentation,
"Educational Media and the Communications Genera-
tion," given by Harry R. McGee, Executive Vice
President of the National Audio-Visual Association.
The media were color slides and color motion
pictures shown on three screens simultaneously,
taped narrative, taped music, and live narrative. The
point of the sensuous bombardment that followed
was the children of today are exposed to a great deal
of sophisticated media. If the schools are going to
gain the interest of these children they must use more
audio-visual media for teaching. To illustrate this
point we saw a number of natural phenomena which
would be impossible or inconvenient for a student to
observe without the aid of audio-visual media. Pow-
dered charcoal exploded in slow motion, a flower
blossomed, lions lounged in the shade near an African
plain, a rotifera buzzed back and forth. Whether the
members of the audience agreed with the point or not
they at least came away from the experience with a

firsthand demonstration of how the audio-visual
media can be used to communicate information; their
nerve ends were tingling with the message.
[Alan Crosby]

The ASIS meeting seemed to be summed up on
the last day at the initial meeting and technical ses-
sion of the Special Interest Group/Foundations of
Information Science. This new group proposes to
define "information science."
Lawrence B. Heilprin of the University of Mary-
land, the Chairman of SIG/FIS, opened the session
with an ambitious plan. Everyone was encouraged to
fill out a form, giving name, address, and area of
interest. Before the meeting was over the forms had
been collected, sorted, and task groups assigned. Each
task group contained three or four persons with
similar expressed interests and geographic area. The
first assignment for the task groups will be to itemize
the aspects of their area of interest as it impacts
"information science." This is to be completed by
next spring.
Papers were presented by the six panelists on the
history and recent developments in Information
Science. The major emphasis was on the development
of cybernetics with implications of a broader base
including linguistics, psychology, and other disci-
The papers served as a starting point when the
floor was opened for debate. A psychologist, a cyber-
neticist, an engineer, an English professor and others
debated the meaning of the words "information" and
"science," and whether any body of current knowl-
edge deserves the title "information science." The
discussion was lively and served mostly to emphasize
the complexity of the task of defining "information
Objections were raised about the cybernetics foun-
dations of "information science" because Shannon's
definition of "information" was too narrow for the
group's purposes. Some did not feel that the word
"science" applied as there is no organized body of
knowledge, no laws, no hypotheses, and no proofs to
be challenged or verified through control experi-
ments. That argument was rebuffed by the common
use of such terms as social science and behavorial
The psychologist emphasized the aspects of
human information exchange. The personality of a
speaker influences the way he transmits information,
his tone of voice, facial expression, and choice of

January 12, 1972

words often not saying what is really meant. Then the
persons listening are influenced by his personality.
They may perceive the "information" differently.
The linguist added aspects of a written language in
information communications, rules of grammar and
syntax, and the use of synonyms and antonyms. The
engineer added aspects of electromechanical devices;

,the aspects of converting language to bits and bauds
and back again.
After listening to all of this it was obvious that
SIG/FIS and ASIS as a whole have taken on a very
big subject-to create, organize, disseminate, and
apply knowledge concerning information and its
transfer. [Lee Power]

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